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The Independent Dec 21, 1901

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 ftiWTIOft $1.25 A YEAR  l    i Wage-earners should sub-  |    scribe, because this paper  in published as their organ.  J   ss   V*  -vi)  KWi^IOJUXmL  **���  tt-  J  B. C. PERHAiVEST LOAN AISD  -    SAVINGS CO.  .Authorized Capital    -   ��10,000��W  Subscribed Capital   -   -    1,V�� 000  Abkeiiover    ....      JOO.miO  Head Offlio 321 Cambie Street, \*un-  comer, B.C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 21, 1901.  NO. 13  TRADES AND1AB0R COUNCIL  .President   John Crow occupied   the  chair at Thursday night's mooting ot  Hie Trades and Labor council.    Tljnre  was present aa average attendance.  " Coraimunlcnitlona.  ���I". 6tacy "Whitney, secretary-treasurer Later Congress or tho Stato ot  .Washington, wrote Inviting- the coun-  ell to send an honorary delegate lo the  convention, which meets ait Tacoma on  January 15-16, 19U3. Tbe Bessrtoo promises to be the Jairgiest gathering- of  trades unions ever held in the Pacific  Northwest. Received.  ' From tho Stevedores' Association,  complaining- 4hWt its name was omitted  irom the union directory. Secretory  Instructed to reply that the council  had nothing to do with tihe .getting up  of the said card.  A. J. Voege, secretary Berlin Broom-  makeis, asking- that Vive Sale ot union  label brooms be pushed in B. C; that  SKtewi-imtuJe and other brooms were  lielng'sold in thus province. RefeneJ  _to clerks.  JRrom Rossland Trades and Lalior  Council, sitaitilng that'the Gooderhaiu  .syndicate, of Toronto, controlling tho  Centre Star and War Eagle mines, of  Jtosalaind, had been declared unfair towards organized labor, and nsked the  sap-port of all lalbor organizations and  their members in Canuuda in its action.  The resolution also included nil companies controlled by ��he Gooderham  syndicate, namely, Gooderhann &  "Worts, limited, distillers; tlhe Manufacturers' Life Insurance Company, Toronto, and ithe Barffc of Toronto. On  motion all members wore requested to  oeaee patronizing Gooderham, & Worts'  w1hi_.kles, and to note the other concerns. '  'Parliamentary Committee.  o  Tour committee wish to report a."  follows re municipal -questions for the  enKiiing elections:  1. Are you in favor of the water  ��rorttage by-law?  2. Are. you in favor of albolisblng the  iwoporty qualification for mayor and  aldermen? ,  S^Aire you, in, favor of .amending the"  city charter- sc> aa to allow .all money  by-laws to he ivtoted on by all electors?  ��� 'A. Are you-in favor of lowering the  assessment on Umprovements at the  tale ot ten per oent. per annum till obliterated?  S. Aire you in favor of leasing at a  fair rental for a short period, or, selling; or giving away the tidal flats belonging or likely to belong to the city?  -C Are you in favor of assenting tho  city's rights to Che ends of Cambie,  Abbot and Carol s__n��ets to deep water  and fo giving a standing order to tho  chteT of police to remove any oibstruc-  i Uon placed serosa said streets by any  individual or corporation: claiming any  rights thereto?  7. Are you in favor of municipal! _-  tag 'the street railway, etatrlc light-  'tag. gza works, telephones and other  t public -Utilities?,  8. Are you in faivor of municipalizing  Uie liquor traffic?  9. If elected will you Insist on having tho by-laws of this city enforced  toy its officials andi vote for the dls-  imlasal of any oneof them not carry Ing  ���nt the same, if it lis (his duty to do so,  or It he has orders to see It carried  ��Ut? - "-.'i     -  ML Are you in flavor of having the  union lotncl on all city supplies where  passible? '  i   ,    >      ; * -  tl. Are you tn favor of Inserting a  minimum wage clause In nil contracts  flclent time to the plumbing depart-  tnenL of this olllce to ensure the bylaw I lng carried out in a proper manner; therefore  "We, tho undersigned, <lo hereby petition you, the council, to thoroughly  Investigate tho said matter, and wo  would humbly suggest that 'If the present st-ilt Is lnudequato to meet tlhe  exigencies of the case that a practical  plumber should be appointed to uct us  plumbing inspector under tho supervision of the present health inspector,  and that he be Instructed to pnfoice the  by-law without tnt.ur or favor, and we,  your petitioners, will ever pray, etc."  Nomination of Oflicers.  President���W. J. Lamerick and -G. XV.  Isaacs.  Vicc-Piesldcnt���F. J. Russell and J.  ���II. Browne.  Secretary���T. H. Cross and F. J. Rius-  .sell.  FlnainolaJ Secretory���R. Todd, W. J.  Lamerick, J. Lii ley.  Treasurer���C. Crowder, J. H. Wateon,  audi J. M. Sinclair.  Sergeant-at-Arms���J. Lenfesty,'C. J.  Salter and w. 'Mortimer.  Statistician���R. Macpherson, J. H.  Browne and J. H. Watson.        i-  Election   will  take place next meeting. '  General,  J. H. WaUon, 13. Burns, G. XV. Isaacs  were appointed .ludltors.  A delegate d__<_ed If the health inspector was supposed tO'publlsh an official  list of coses ol contagious diseases, especially smallpox; also that 13 cases of  scarlet fever  were -reported.  The musicians reported that thire  was at present Jin unfair orchestra In  this city.  The bakers will hold a ball and supper an January 22, 1902.  Adjourned.  LABOR PARTT.  The Vancouver Labor party held a  unetetlng on Wednesday night.    President Bartley presided,  and Secretary  Taylor was ia his iplace.  It was suggested that the party  should enlarge the scope of Its work  A member thought .that a committee  should be appointed toformiulate a plan  of organization ifior. political purposes.  Messrs. Atkinson, Beary, George^ Dixon  and others took ipart in the discussion  to the end that a resolution was carried unanimously that "the name of the  party would be" still adhered to] and  tha* a committee be appointed to draw  up a programme for propaganda work  for the next three months." Open  meetings will be held, at which the  public will he cordially invited to attend.  ' The objects of the party are to study  economic subjects affecting the welfare  of lalbor and the promulgation of information regarding same; and also to  secure fior labor a just shore of the  wealth It produces by such means ns  the obtaining representation ftom. its  own ranks,in the {parliamentary and  municipal bodies of the country.  Any person may become a member  of the party who ia In sympathy with  Its principles; threte-fourths of' the  members shall be wage-earners; .but  this restriction does luoit^aply to farm-  era Those desiring Ito become memlbers  must ;be duly proposed and seconded  by members of -the ptarty.  The party witli meet again during the  flout week ln January.  TUE NEWSBOYS' BANQUET.  Following are subscribers to the  funds now being raked to tender Uie  newsboys and messengers of Vancouver a citizens' compliiiK-ntary bunquct.  Which will be b\id on New Year's Eve.  On behalf of the committee we herewith tender ita sincere thanks for  same; and to request that ailHtalee a_i  interest dn the affair, ns it Is purely a  citizens' testimonial to the lads for  tlidlr faithful sorvces:  The Independent $10.00  A. E. Lees & Co, L. D. Taylor) J.  iBuntssen,  Bolleniialkora'   Uin on  (eaich 93) 20.UO  Baikers' Union      cj.oo  Chas. Wilton, K. C      2.30  E. P. Bremner, J. H. Watson, P.  F. Burns, F. M. Jaines, A. Mo-  Marine;   Johnston, Kerfoot ,&  Co.; McLellnn, 'McFeely & Co.;  Bailey Bros. Co ; J. Morton, A.  C. C, Gordon    Drysdale,   Jos.  Dixon, C. Woodward, Thos. Mc-  Whlnnie,  Metiopole   Hotel, D.  >B. Charleson; Bowser, Godfrey  &  Wall'brldse;  Vancouver Gas  Company,    H.    J.    Painter, C.  Sweeny,    J. S. Talt, A.- Jukes,  Henry  Doyle  fi.   Co.   (Jl  each)   '23.00  XV. E. tCuck,   J.   J.  T.onsy,  Ed.  Gander, F. J. Gavin, P. Evans,  Alex.   Paterson,    Caish,   Chas.  Pi-ck,    McTaggart  &  Moserop,  Thos.  Dunn & Co,  McDowell,  P.  Bums & Co., A. M. Grossman, W. G. Haiu'cy, Donaldson  & Mathews, J. M. Aikin, A. 31.  Tyson, R. Porter & Soms, <M. M.  H.,  J.  Horner,  G.  Hobson,  P.  Wright, W. J. Orr, Thos. Duke,  Stanley White v& Co., �� Friend,  T. Mathews, Browm & Harvey,  Jas.  XV. Browne,    J.    Dobson,      '  Wm. McGirr,   Dongall   House,  H. E. L��� A. Shan," A Donation,  Cope & Frey, CaBh, E. E., C. F.  'C, W. E. F., Wm. Baatikmcre,  .Sfcott   &    Kennedy,    Thomson  ^Stationery Company, Thos. B.  AtMns, Jas. A. SoougaJe, Rus-   -  sell & Russell, BrltajuSk1 Office,     '  J. R. Seymour, Banlfleld, J. P.,  H. M., A. H. iS., D. litoPhaidenr  Canada- Clothing Co.;' Ram&ay " '  Bros., J. A. P., A hZc., J. W.,  L. H., O. N��� Cadi, G.'C, Barnwell Bros., XV. Clan*. <50 cents  each) 32.00  ot rascals and put another In, why, in  tho name of common sense, what's the  use of making the change? The policy'  of the "for and against" party hangers-on seems to be always .when they  are out of office, to holler "Its time Tor  a ohange," and "you must ibe f6r or  against the government." Independents  are the only ones who have beni really  consistent Jn advocating and adhering  to their political principles ln ths province. We wsay to ithe Post, even If lt Is  subsidized by the Bodwell aggregation,  taJoe a tumble.  ���With regret is chronicled the retirement af John >Logg from the Trades  and Laibor council, of whioh institution  he was president. During his term of  office the council ���progressed as It nev.'r  did befoie. He was untiring in hh  efforts to fetch toe council out of the  apathy into which it had fallen. It  was at a special meeting of the Tailors' union held Friday -night 'that the  resignation of Mr. Logg wus accepted.  Owing to clrouimstamccs he considered  It was in the hest interests of his union  that he should cease from acting as  their representative, and pressed Shit  he be released of the duties as delegate  to the Trfules and Labor council. Although no longer an act(ye member of  the council, he still reni!aln3 a trustee  of ithe new labor halls, and will continue to take-an active- pirt m the  alfairis of organized laibor.���Colonist,  SEWS OF THE LABOR WORLD  Please mention The Independent  when you write to firms whose advertisements appear In our columns. That  ls an easy way of helping the labor  paper. Another good iway is to induce  your friends to patronise those who  advertise .In Its -columns, 'and to mention The Independent also.  In these days of vaccination and Inoculation, why not hajvfe Ithe city doctor squirt something deadly into some  'of the aspirants for municipal honors.  This would save the electors a deal of  trouble and exipense on election day.  Tetanus or lodk-Jaw 'serum would be  the real thing.  M  baaed on the standard wage of the var-  fems trades employed in the u'nderta].-  ; *ogi  ,  18. Are you in favor of handing ov.r  ihe nigSits of the aitizens to a select  ftw according to,their ability to sub-  iscrfbeT  AStl ot which to Teepeotfully subinit-  ' *etf��� by your committee.  New Union.  Tho organizing  committee  reported  ���hat there  was a union tn course o'  formation  that will embrace  all  un-  rtcllled workmen.  Flunking Inspection.  "The council  endorsed  Wife following  petition to be presented to the lncom-  ,lnff city council:  "Whereas���"mere exists a by-law Jn  this city governing plumbing and ��anl-  , tat Ion; amd  "Whereas-It Is to the best Interests  wf.tho whole community that sold by-  , laws axe strictly enforced in their en-  tiety; and  "WHiereas���The aaM Inspector Is at  Vw> present time wucbte to devote suf-  BALL AND SUPPER.  The Journeymen Bakers and Oonteo-  tlonlerB, Local Union No. 49, of this city,  are mloOdng elaborate preparations for  a big emtertatnment.-'ball and supper to  be held ln the O'Brten Hall on January 22, 1902. This will be the firat oo-  caslon on which itihds progressive union  has undertaken to get up an affair of  this kind, and it will not he this cause  of lack of vim and energy If it does not  turn out to he one of the big events  of the season. Valuable prizes Jn the  way of the most artistic of the worem  of the trade will toe drawn for, besides  theoe there will be special prizes awarded tfor best dancing. .Tickets will cost  ladies 50 cents each and gentlemen tl.  They may he had at the following bakery stores: Mulr's, Mount Pleasant;  Kent & Tliiuiu, Cordova street; Qben's,  Hastings street; 'Murray's, Hastings  street east; Toronto Candy Company,  Ci/.-dovia street; Mlniahtn's, Granvlll'J  street west, and Barwell Broe.', Granville street. The fallowing committee  will also provide tickets on application:  W. Anderson, C. Wllbamd, G. McLaren, C. J. Salter, J. Teasdale, S. Walker, O. A. Nelson, F. Moylss, W. Wood,  L. G.   Friend, S. Gross, R. J_C, O. Nelson, A Fnlend, Geo. Hunter, Al  ���Friend, A JFWend, J, Herman,  - A Friend, J.' A. Clark. J. C.  Bush & Co., A Friend, C. 6. S.;  H. Grassde, John Sykes, Mrs.  Russell, A IWend, H. A, Thos.  Gallowiay, J. M. Charles, A1  Friend, A Frtenld, Jumbo, A.  Friend, Mrs. S.- A. Jackson,  Johnson & Higgins, A Friend,  E. W. ��loomifleld, A Friend,  W. Murphy, Centre & Honna,  G. W. Bloomlfleld, A Friend, W. -  Starr", A Friend; H. C. Flesh-  mten. Bodega, A Friend, A  Friend, A Friend, A (Friend, A.  A. McWhlnnle, J. F. Henderson, O. H. Dlngnan, E. C. 'Beaton, C. Hamilton, A. Verdero-  da, A Newsboy, Prior & Co.,  Stewart, Hloks Piano Co, A1  Friend, A Friend, Old Two  Four, F. Busicombe, H. B. Cuth-  Ibertson, D. C. Harrison, C. T.  Eolston,.B. B. J., F. S. Clarice,  E. G., W. B., R. D. R., B., J.,  W. _P*. L., J. F., R. C. D., E. B.  'M., G. A. R., M. H. M., T. Q.,  S. it., I. M., Trade Budget, W.    , _  ~D^^Frie^r^rM^THTGrc7" =  H., E. J., Knowdell, W. B., F.  H., A Frtend, A. W., 3. C, Mfff.  Co., Spencer, W.'G. R., O. H.,  Valley Dairy <?o., Pniend, W.  S. Dalby, Plainoi C. Jordan (25  cents each) 24.25  A Friend, A Friend, H. .Mutrle (20  cents each)....1 - .. ..    ,.60  J. K. P.. ..'    ' ,18  J. Oben, Aire pounds   of   candy  Total' J116.S0  Mr. Robt.' Todd, at'the request of his  imany friends, has decided to run for  license commissioner. "Bob"' would  malte a good commissioner. Give him  a <vote. Mr. J. H. Waltson's name has  been mentioned, but so far he has not  decided to come out.  n Boston public library has put the ban  oii several of Eugene Fields' works.  Boston's culture seems to ibe a trlde  overtrained.  '  Englishmen aire smarter than Amerl  cans.   The latter must have a key to  ode anything funny in Punch and; Ally  Slopor. ,  Christmas ls here.  postmen.  Don't forget tno  N WILL JOLLIFY.  The Brothertiood of Painters and Decorators, Local Union No. 18S, of this  city, will hold thedr election of officers  on Thursday, the 26th Inst. After  ���which the union will resolve itself into  a gathering of good fellowship. An en  ergetlc committee has arranged to have  a -good programme of songs, speeches,  etc., as well as reflreshinenits.' The entertainment will be In the nature of a  smoker. There is bound to be a good  turn-out.  At Bridgeport, Conn., on the 11th  Inst., Dennis. Mulvihill, the stoker mayor-elect, was Inducted Into office, and  that oity had the novel experience cf  ttvaiu��uratlng-as-J_s~oh_er "magistrate" a"  man who left the coal heap In a local  ftfandry to sit dn the mayor's, chair.  3Iulva.HI, -who, although, he has been  an alderman, never gave iup his 11.50  a day Job as stoker, reoeivted the largest majority even given a mayor in  that oity, and hi this year of reform  overturned the Republican machine.  During November 2,910,810 net tons ot  freight -were carried thiough the Unlt-  od States und Canadian "Soo" canals,  as against 1,752,000 tons for November,  1800.  The German soolnl-democratlo party  has opened a library at Beilln, whore  a collection will be made of all the  books and pamphlets on socialism In all  languages.  The total value of all farm products  and live stock raised In (Knnias Mil.,  year Is $S_0,000,000, ��17.000,OO0i over list  year, and an increase of $i;,OO0,40O in  ibwo yeara.  It Is" estimated that the uss of electricity In Canada has Increased GS per  cent, in three years, and that 303 electric lighting companies are now doing  business In Uie Dominion, as against  259 In 1S3S.  Russia has built a greater length of  railway in the last twenty-live years  than any other European country���15,-  142 miles is her record since 1S73. Germany comes next with 14,605 miles.  France has built 12,098 and EnglaTl  5.089.  As a result of high railioad rat-9,  pioduce merchants'in New York say it  is cheaper to import potatoes from B3l-  glum thnn to have tliem brought frcn  points west of Chicago. On the steamship Southwark, which arrived at New  York this week, iwere 30 000 caste of  potatoes.  The Official Guide, published by the  National Railroad Publishing Company, is a complete and accurate monthly digest of the railway an'd steamboat  service ait all' points In the United  States, Porto Rico, Canada, Mexico an.l  Cuba. As an exannple of the amount  of work InvoHied in ithls compilation,  it ls stated that change's on 019 time  tables, affecting 15,846 trains arriving  or departing from 28,000 stations, were  involved.  The capitalization of the railways ot  Pennsylvania for the fiscal year ending  June 30 waa $3,086,590,203, and the  amount of capital outstanding for all  the ilnea ot the Unitea States for 1901  "was-ni.49i;03il,960:'bn ''the failroa'ds  reporting the .totail number of employees was 223,865; last year the number  was 307,737. The. total amount of  compaisatlar. paild In 1901 was $189,201,-  533; last year the amount paid was  $176,762,468. /  Consul'Hossford reports fiom Trieste  that there Is every indication that Austria-Hungary is on the eve of a great  industrial depression; that the wave of  inactivity -which has been influencing  Germany^for the past two years appears to be moving eastward. Until  recently Iron, steel, eleotrloity, petroleum and nearly all other great Industries seemed to be in a flourishing  condition, the only apparent exception  Ueing the textile branch.  Bradstreets says ithat C. S. Hurtf-r,  Dominion government metallurgist, of  Vancouver, is responsible for the statement that among the millions of dollars of Ymikon gold brought to him for  purohase by tihe government this season was an abundance of platinum unknown to the miners. Hundreds of little nuggets of platinum were mixed  with the coarse gold. 'Mr. Hurter gave  It as his opinion that the miners of the  Yukon were throwing away thousands  of dollars worth of platinum dally. Thj  Dominion govienvment is now sending  an expert to ithe Klondike to in vestlgate  the matter.  veit. The liberal working man waa  Mated and prejudiced, whereas the tory  working man was democratic and had!  an open 'heart and mind. The Jlberal  opposition���or,wnnt ot it���was more responsible for the war than Mr. Cham-  berluln's diplomacy.  The funeral took place recently at  Paturages ot a sooIalLst member of tho  Belgian 'parliament, Alfred Defuia-  seaux. Over 30,000 poople took part in  tlio funeral procession. Defulsseaux's  career has been a remarkable one. He  became originally known as a bnrrls-  ��r enguged on behalf of miners in their  disputes with ithelr masters. As the  outcome of a perseoutlon he was btiuck  off ths u-oll of barristers, wont abioad,  and took part In the iflghtlng in Bulgaria. On returning to Belgium he  pmb'isilic'd a "People'ls Catechism," of  which 300,000 copies were Issued and  which (procured for him a sentence of a  years'  impi lo-onment.  Rogers, Brown & Co., of New Yorfe  think it 'Is doubtful If in tliie whole-  history of tne lion trade ithe monthiof  December e.er opened witn the ibust-  ness of th.2 following year so completely  mu.de. Mills, snops and turnaces for  weeks past have been filling their, or-J  der books with contracts running woll  into liC(_, and m many cases thiough  -ie eutjie year, 'those industries dependent upon lai'lroad equipment are  bookE'd -U-U- ahs-ad. In <alll electrical  lines it is found dllllcult to place const! action oitic-rs for deliveries .prior fo  n.'.dsu nmrr, and the laige shops 'are  :cpo:ited to have little capacity available prior to 1903.  According to the most recent census  the total population of the administrative county of London was 4,433,018, ot  whom 2,1199,548 were mal-es and 2,333,.  470 females.   This does not Include the  "outer ring," that part of the metropolis skirting   the   county.  'Marnage _  rate and birth rate has Ibeen steadily  declining since 1853.   In ithat year London's marriage rate was 22.3 per 1,000  persons (children, of course, included),  /  while In  1S98 ithe marriage  rate was/  18.7 per 1,030 persons.   From 1851 to IW  only about  three males of every /  entering .wedlock did so under twert^   one, years of age.   The proportion ts  growing,-.haweiver,.and.ln-1897-it''show\^c!  ed "over fbuir. ' The .proportion 'of Lon-" -  don girls who enter the marriage'state ' '  under, twenty-one is albout four time*  as great, which Is near about the comparison prevailing throughout England.  The latest return of London marriages  In lS98'is as follows:   Bachelors mair-  rled,   38,181;   spinsters  married,   39,998;  widowers remarried, 3,862; widows remarried, 2,945; making la total of 84,088.  /7  i  ;'%7C  7'I  'I  "There is not a single constituency, in  the province desirous of being repnv  sented by an independent member,  The electorate -want their members to  be straight "For or against the government."���Victoria Post. For pure un-  -adulterated geil-and a slap at the intelligence of the people the foregoing  takes the cake. A man who can be  led around by the nose by any party  or clique or government ls not much  use. He 'belongs to the "grafter" gang.  F. Bottle, and W. H. Barnes (chair- I And the opposition is as full of tliem  man)* 1 as any other.  If we turn out one set  The Ameirlcan Federation of Labor  Is to 'be congratulated upon its deriding to undertake the organization of  tlie Bcfhool teachers of Canada and the  'united States. It Is a welMknown foot  Chat teachers are very poorly paid foir  their services. In Quebec tn some districts 'they earn ibut $6 to JIO a month,  and If they don't organize here their  snlanles will be reduced," too.  A young girl, eighteen years of age,  named Bremeeva, teacher of (he local  schoool at Rutchl, in the government  of Nljnl-Novgorod, diled of starvation.  owing to the miserable salary she was  receiving. It amounted to about nttein  Shillings a month. There was, moreover, no free lodging.  A serious oontffict has broken out  amongst the Milam sodallsits, the .most  .powerful socialist body in Italy. A numerous section of the party refuses to  follow the political opportunism of Signer Turati, who aims at diminishing  the revolutonary character of socialism  and supporting the present ministry.  It will be Interesting to follow the development of 'this eonlfllct, which Is an  exact repetition of that which broke  out fn 'France. It Is generally believed  that the mass of the Italian socialist*  will rally to the ideas of Slgnor Turati  and 'became,' as in Finn nee- and Germany, simply a (political nnd parlla-  montfiry party.  Councillor Philip SnowUen, of Kelgh-  ley, the candidate of -the Independent  party for Bladloburn at the lost election, said recently he could not get  over the fact that the working classes  were becoming more tory every year,  and argued If they were to 'become an  efTeotlve power their alllanoe must be  with conservative rather tham with liberals, whom thiey could not convert.  The tory working man they could con-  THE BARBERS.  On Wednesday night the Barbers"  Union held a successful meeting, with  President Isaacs in the chiiir. Atter  disposlng of matters of routine the election of officers for the ensuing year  was held as follows: President, G. W.  Isaacs, re-elected; vice-president, Fred:  Hall; financial secretary, D. P. Johnson, re-elected; recording secretary, C.  D. Morgan, re-elected; treasurer, h! P.  Davis:, guardian, P. J. Bennett; guide,  E..Morgan; finance committee, G.'w.  Isaacs, A. H. Leggatt and Fred. Hall:  trustees, C. D. Morgan, E. Morgan, A.  McLaughlin; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, G. W. 'Isaacs and J. A.  Stewart. *  The proposed license law for barbels  was discussed at length, and progress  made.  i STILL IN THE FEDERATION.'  President Frank Richardson and Sao-  Tetary JdliiTColby. of the South WeTT"  Ungton Miners' Protective Association. .  has  wirltten  the Herald, atatlng that"  it ls untrue as piiblleflied that the Al- '  exondra men lhad broQuen away from  the amalgaimatlon.   The offloera mentioned wish It to he distinctly understood thnt they ore not responsible for  the statements mode nor for letters appearing in tlie press,  but that  wh.>n  any -changes are made due notlt��> will  be given.  REMIND!" YOU OF HOQTE.  Tho window of the City Grocery.  Westminster avenue, dresaed for the-  hoHdi-Vys, ds quite a wank of art. It  represents a landscape showing an old  grist mill, wheiro Venus flour ls made,  and a farm house in the back ground,  to which place the City Grocery delivery wagon Is going loaded downt  with good things for Chrlstimlas. The-  ground Is covered with snow. The City-  Grocery In nothing If not enterprising.'  I.I  ���1  if  The Hon. W. C. Wells is a regular-  red herring factory. His supply nevw  ��eem__ to run short.���Victoria Poet.  1  :*M  , �����  p-  ��� r     . 'i ^L-*- ii"/   '���*. VARIETY IN   OATHS.  METHODS   OF   SWEARING    TO   THE  TRUTH THE WORLD OVER.  li  1 l.e 1'iirseo I'rt-fers to Vouch lor Uli  Vi.'1-ai-ity b.v Uoldlii^ lllo I'uII or nl'nw  ��� lit.- C.'hult-sio .'l4.'lHoil* Aro .lllliiy uud  Ciii-.ihii.1ii Form���1 hu Oath ol Ilrittiiii'a  K u hi-.  The rult'i- of Gi-'cgt Britain swears  lo uiiliidil tlie C'liurcli of Kii|'l'in<l.  iiml ii: oiilj iwn utiii.-r countnc:** (Iocs  the ruynl miUi nl oliiix- iniiUi.' nny rc-  i'cix-iici.- n> religion. The King of i'or-  tnyiil sivimi-s iu iii.iiiii.uiii the t.'alli-  olii: ix-liyiiin nml iin.-. Ivin;-; of tiivecu  Ki siiji|Mii't. Dm'tirvuk'cliurcli. Tlio  whole Kiiliji.-ut.i! iii' d.iiIim is iiitor-  ustini;'. Tlu-y |h'o-'ii|>iuim! tint any ninn  is linljlu lo In rale his mere wunl ���  _;iii;.;s ,nul i-iiiimiui-.s us wull -is any-  Ijiiiiy ulho. Wliollior un oath makes  tlio uvi-rajfi; in.in more irullifiil ot'  >uii.' is a ijiii.-.sLi.iii. The itnuoriil opinion -serins lo !'..- .iiiii nlvi.ijs ui have  been Llua it dues, hi Ij'i.-iuuiii.v. Iiow-  <jvi'r. oaths linvo l>'.'"ii ubolishuil nlto-  .gctlivr, uml in Ainvricii. iCiigiaiid und  Australia anj- oiiu uhjocliiij; to being  sworn in conn "n roliyioiis htoiukIs  ..is iillowcil to "iiiii'in In i-'riinix- no  out!] is n.qiiii'.-<i ol iniiiii'-i-i's of the  . iiuMiiiiiil h'Hisliiluix'.-iinii il. ciitinol l:p  iiclil lliu-t llyi'uimi -witnossL-s,' <iiuuter.s  'anil iiioinbur.s uf'tliu'l-'ru'iicli Cluiuiljor  <if llcputios 'ure niiui.- liiiraliaiiiu in  ���court than olln-r "|ji.-n|ilu. A pliiloso-  j-tlici* onco saiil thai when Uiu.oiii.li  .coiisL-i'l to lie . OiiKling no country  t'.oulil exist for u your.  The lukinfrof an oulli is a very  -ancient, practice and lias been common, lo all nations, civilized -.nil r-av-  . age, in nil limes. The Meiles .-.ml the  Pei-sicins, the I_ii-,yi.'*.ians anil Iho Assyrians swiiro. and llie tiniu |uoLi-  ��ib!y never will como when ihe ualh  swill have died out of Ihe uorlil.  There is-?u yreat variety in  the form  ��� of talcing an 'otit.li.  but Ihe object is  ': the  same���to   call   down   upon    'onu-  'sclf the venijeani-'e of (J oil as the penalty of lintriitli. ljul' there is a con-  ciirrutu and very lively sense of., the  voiijjcniice' of ihe !uv.' as'well. In  Knt'luiiil, Spain. Italy ami Austria  l.iio oath is lakeii on Uio-Uiblc. The  linglisli always kiss ihe. book. lii  l.-'i-ance,   JJeliiiiiiii- and   Scotland     the  .path  is taken '-Willi  the'right      hund  "���jraiso'l over the head..  .... .Ji'iirsees  soinctimcs i give  rise      to  .saiiich,'pei'|)lexily  in  law courts. They  ���.-.���slruiigly. object  lo   be sworn  on  llie  ..���.Bible, and claim the right    lo   innlce  ��� aho oath us in  their own country-���.  - .namely, by holding the litil of a. cow.  'The cow being, a. sacred animal in the  .eyes of ihe Pui-soe., he can-.'. commit,  mo  sin .-'while  touching  it.   llul  there  is fortunately  an alternative. In the  city   of .London  courts some    years  ,_ago,,it  being impracticable to . <pro-  ���'Curc-.u .cow, ;a I'arsee  look a saercd  trelic -out from  his  bosom and   holding it aloft, swore impressively, ."By.  -....God; _u__l<,''oil omniscient, and     God  omnipresent, and ,(!od almighty."  .  ���  -'..-'.-.IMcjhr.m'metliins are much-opposed to  "swearing.  Wlion they do swour,  it is  ���'������la. soleuin ceremony: and is-.performed'  l by holding the Koran in  llie ���'.'.'��� right  liiind,, placing the, left hand7 on  the  l'oiehe;uI,;   and    .bringing: olio-   .head  .down'-to alie, book.   A  Alolihinriie-lriu'  -Tseldoin commits "perjury'.'.- .In -.-.-; India  :Ttlieir:-pt-cjiiilicc.-'against swearing . is  so /strong  that ..the,, Government :>al-  "Jpws tliem to allii'm.  ;     TheChinese , have, 11  great   variety  -'of oaths, iiiiany of them curious      in  . fon;i.: One of- Ihc-ni is taking a" saucer  and .breaking  it  while  the..'clerk'  says,''.' You shall  iel I  Ihetnilli    nnd  ihewliole truth. The saucer i.s crack-.  lied, aiidif you do not tell  the truth  your soul shall  be cracked;like    iho  ���saucer.'.'- This is a binding bath, ��� for  7-the'i.Cliiimiiiun  believes that his, soul  can be smashed in to f ragmen ts. Chi 11-  iieseiin tliis country iindi Eiigluu'cli are  ; sometimes sworn  by-the broken saii-  ���'.-'cer. More effective,  however,   in the  eyes ,   of    the  Celestials  is  the joss  stick..The joss stick'; is set     alight',  ���'and while it turns the Chinese swearer' wishes that his .soil! inay be burn-  ��� cd like ..-the stick if he gives false  cvjilence. '1'he Chinese swear, in many  ���oilier ways. A siilciiin.'.'o'atli'. is made  iby writing certain sacred characters  .011 a'paper. and .buruing::it,' praying  .at the .same: -tijrie that he may.'be  'burnbcl if: he .-. does .not speak .the  . trutli. Sometinies lie swears by IJurn-  ��� ing 'a piece'-of straw, but "nothing is  ���'solforcible, in :drawing the truth  7 from ;a, Chinaihdn' as "getting, him to  ;-cnt,o'lT a cock's' head. 'J'liis, like the  *. breaking bl the saucer, has a religious foundation.  The  Chinese believe  :thait if .their.-, bodies are mutilated on  earth their * souls will be similarly  jiVutiliitcd  in  luiavon.'   .  >    -  A GLORIOUS LAND.  liriuuifr.l   laud  ia 11  northjru  1,-i-mvi tall mnl jj-.i-uiit;,  -ol- roves lUni Ihe m.liilo  There  Is n  i-liine.  W'lli-iv me pi lie  And llu.- iiiimw.- t!  Klines.  Wim his ilmbs so Utile niul -ony:  C�� lu-i-e   Un-   ln-avei'  <!:i!iis   Ule  sil.el*  elX'-'k,  Ami llu- liuiiaii. wa.-i woni to loiini:  H'heiv im- eiisciiile leans lroni the iluiialhiB  hi-lghts,  To ue loai iii Uu- feathery foam.  Tlu-a row uie n'er 10 Camilla's iili-iix-.  'lu tlu- hunt  1 line llie ln-st:  l-'ur lieiieaili hot- liine anil maple ��n>,*ea  1 ivuuld lay my ngues lo rest  Tliem are pnilrles vast, Willi tlielr wavlas  k'l-IISS.  Wli'i-e llie luowsliij; herds are seen.  Wliere llel.ls ,u-wavni;;. golilen i,rritlli  Uo noil in ike sliintiiiei-iii^ .^tleell  Of iln- silvery iiu.uii,  !a an ay.iire aiiy.  A^.l Uie hri;;lu uiii-oi-.i's fl-rain:  l.iUe die nates ajar 111 tlu Heavenly land,  I -*ee tlu-e lu my thvaina.  Tlu-ii ion- un.- u'ei- tu ymi origin sluii-c.  To (lu1 huiil  1  lovo llu- best,  '.Neath tli..  nia;ile leaf unit llie fc'ulUeu  sheaf.  1 wuuhl lay mu Uoivu to rest.  The ilaiielui; waves of yon Inland sea  Are I0.1t on ihe shliniiiei'liiK' sand.  While Ule wavelets Bilnt III llie (,-ohlen sun.  . L!!:ij a gleiiiu irom the fairy land,  llii'i'e are uie Ih.rnl bowers iu her forest  -��� Klades.  Anil Uu- sons of her mighty rivers:  The Miuudiu'liij,' liuom of Un- itiv.il eniar.iot,  \xliii-li ;:ees on  unit on  forever.  Then row me o'er 10 Canada's shore,  To llu- ilearon spot on eartli.   "  'To Un- land o. livroes brave ami true,  'To ihe laud whleh gave ale ulrih.  The Rlnhviu-t sons of Cnini'llaii sol!  Shall shoulder to shoulder .stiun;.  Willi  tlieir  Uiews of Iron nud sinews of  sieel,  I-"ur [he Komi of tho inolhci- limil;  T-'or Uie Kood of tlie lam! wulcli gave tliem  [<   blrlh.  The lain! of corn aiid wine.  The kind of gulu nud ;;l^iintle*'\vold,  Where tiie elrelhu ivies I wine. ���������  'Then row uie bael; 10 ihe land I love.  Oh. row me o'er the.river,  To llie In ml ul' the maple, the !nud of  the free���:  0 Canada for'Over!  -A. J.  Mart..  Toronto, September. 1D01.T  CHILDKEiYS COLUMN.  Wlien Tliey Go Derrylnff.  When little folks ro berryinB, don't  you think it might be a good plan to  btick a piece of court plaster ncross the  lips? Then the bellies would oftener get  n clinnce to go into tbe puil, instead of  down a long rod lane.  Mother has had lier mouth fixed for a  dish of raspberries ever since ��� blossom  time, and tlie children huve said to her  over uml over again:  "Mother, thut bis; bt'.sh by the roadside hns heaps niul heaps of berries on it,  INTERESTING FLAG EXHIBIT.  Thut   of  tlio   Seminary  of  St. Sutpice   ia  tlm City of Montreal.  During the recent visit of the-Dukc  and .Duchess ofj Cornwall to*; Montreal, u.church building had the most  interesting ..exhibit of all.'.The building is the. Seminary of St. Sulpicc,  ivhich nestles in quaint, medieval  form under tlio wing of old , Notre  Diiiue.-The decorations consisted only  of a score mid a.half Hags hung over  the, high stone wall. They were over-  sharlowed, eclipsed, by the, displays  nround about, and tlie display was  positively mean looking to the unobservant, but. to ihe man of eyes tho  Hags betray a history."The,Hags are  while, yellow, * blue, the English  Jack, the French tricolor,; 'mid floating above all the white emblem of  the society. The white flags'ia're'grey  with age, the yellow - discolored, and  the'national emblems look frayediand  worn. That big white flag- above has  boon in possession of the society in  Montreal since the. sixteenth century,  when the pioneers of the ijroat order  landed at Iiochelngd. It has floated  ,froi_i;thi_ tower oil all churclv .. gala  occasions. It has -lloatcd. there with  others during the celebration of Canadian ivictory in,;,lS12. It flaunted in  tlie :, breeze .with '. the tricolori: of  l-'rauce'and the 7Jack of old England'  when Sibastopbi iwas conquered, and  it symbolizotl 'the joy of the7*.'priests  wlien tlie Jubilee was 'celebrated.  .Every f!ag.,'tliait greeted-, tlie..-Dulce  of York has a history. Most of theih  greeted his royal father 41 years ago.  The bu'iIding itself hiis. soine pretension, to. historic interest beyond- its  ago. AVithin those walls in 1770 Benjamin ..Franklin iand his emissaries  tried to seduce the Sulpicians from  their, allegiance to. England's King���  and failed most, miserably ; to incite  revolt. -    .    :-y-y '.'.';'  RUNAWAY MAREIAGE  LIEUT.   CECIL  AND  HIS  BRIDE   NOW  AWAIT THE PENALTY.  Miss Uuiu and Hor Husband, a Wnnl iu  Clutuctirj-, Defied thn Cuurl nnd Slurried lu ScollunU���A Serious OO'ence  Committed by 3IIKS liuln Ulnier liliK-  ll.sli Law��� \> liatlho ChaiicellorMuyUo,  Interesting details ure given In  The .London Daily Tulcgrnpii, which  arrived by the English mail on the  .'IO1.I1 October, of ihe Cecil romance,  which hns attracted great attention  in l-.'nglaiid, owing to tlie fuel that  the young couple-concerned have set  al. defiance the l_ord Uhiuicull'or, by  getting married  in Scotland.  The bridegroom, Lieutenant Itlcli-.  aid William Ernncis Cecil, 11 nephew  of the .Mariiuis of Exeler. is a ward  in Chancery, buiilg.il0 years of age,  und, under the will of his grandfather, Sir William CunlilTe : Brooks,  enjoys or will enjoy un income of  about S10.000. His marriage with  .Miss Jessie Bain, the daughter of ai  llelfasl stock broker, was objected  to..-by.his mother. Lady'l-'runcis Cecil, who procured uu injunction from  the Court of Chancery to prevent it.  The lovers, however, went to Edin-:  burgh, whore; the English* Com t of  Chancery has no jurisdiction, got  married, and proceeded to London  to await the consei|uences of their  evasion of the English law.  "Quito a reception," snys The  Daily* Telegraph, "awaited the  stoui-hcarted couple at King's Cross  Station. They were cheered as they  stoiiped from tlie train and walked  to a cab pto drive to a hotel. Lieut.  Cecil, in an interview, declared that  he had no particular course of action  marked out.    He was now within the  THE BUSH IiOOKS NEARLY EMPTI.  and just as soon as tliey are ripe, you  shall have a nice treat." . j  Poor mother!   How surprised and disappointed slie will be!  ' ,-: I.     ..... ,...,.,       r       ,   n, 11  The bush looks nearly empty, yet Sally lunsdictioii of the Lord Chancellor,  has not the bottom of her pail covered; a,mI would iiwait whatever action  in Tom's basket'one can scarcely count the court might, take wilh remird to  20, ami 'Barbara, having nothing else, him'. ���-Mrs., i^-'Cecil; .- who is a tall,  uses her mouth as a basket.        5 handsome     lady,  was dressed 111    a  Now you see, iC their mouths had ���tf'-0"' traveling cloak and blue toque,  'been closed with the court plaster, there   with black trimmings.    "-������ '������-'-   consists in -imprisoning, not the  lady, but her husband, until he  makes a settlement of his property  in such a wny that the wife cannot  get any of it. Fortunately lor Mrs.  Cecil, she runs no risk of this punishment, becauso it is only resorted  to where the judge "i.s .satisfied thnt  the lady is a designing woman, who  has inveigled the unsuspecting youth  into a clandestine marriage and an  untimely fato." What wilp happen  to Lieut. Cecil, however, denenils  entirely-, upon the Lord Chancellor.  Mr. Cecil managed to avoid the arrest which the Lord Chancellor ordered in consequence of the younir  man's disregard of liis guarilian.  who, in tliis case, wus his mother,  but, so far as tlio law goes, ho docs  not appear to have committed nnv  contempt of-court. That verv indeterminate, class of "offence" was  comiuiUcd only by Miss Unln in  during to wed Lieut. Cecil witliout  first consulting the Lord Chancellor  and obtaining his consent. r  It Is exceedingly improbable, however, that Lord Halsbiirv will impose a vicarious punishment bv imprisoning her .luishinul or stoppinir  his allowance until lie reaches tho  ngo of 21. lie may, however/take  strict "-'measures in relation to the  disposal of Mr. Cecil's fortune, so  that the property and money shnll  not go to those \vho_mii.lit "i-olit. bv  it in ..ordinary circumstances: that  is to say, ho con prevent air" Portion of it going to Mrs.''Cecil,  should she survivo her husband.  It is understood that Lady Francis, Cecil will take ho further proceedings against Lieut. Cecil for his  marriage witli Miss Buin.\  is no telling how many berries mother  might have had for her tea!  * . i *L'"^tl<>cr-ri-l?iiiiiei->f^llaiik->'(itear-"^;^'  7  The Boor prisoners in cnmp'in Cey-  .'lon    have    shops  and  a  newsimpcr,  * --iind, ns bed is a civilized conimunily,  ii papei- currency. Thei liritish auth-  oriiics .dp not* allow the .prisoners lo  have 'more money than 25 cents   "in  T Cui-rft only wlll'n t^f P-*^*icr��' Wowr* Inn  iujy.bi*' oi ''"* Olfic* of 'w. Officer in c'wru.P' ��r  PnliCnr'toi Vat. 0.��aloUr��3       /' '��/y  1 ���.'- -4t y/,/< -.L  araa^M^I___iM.VfflW'i''''Mff<^!W^ina_!_^g  Mliy  IVo Clieer.  Don't .err,, it-isn't the Duke of  York alone the nation cheers, but the  throne "and the.'people, behind it ���  the beef-caters, .tlie sturdy ... men,  those who have,.made,the little .island great. '    :   ���' .-.'  We look at the Duke;anil pass him  away idown the long avenue of DrilV  ish history. We .cheer because Wellington won- lit Waterloo; wo cheer  because the maimed;''glorious Nelson  fell andi every, man' did ihis: duty; ���'��� we  cheer because of Gordon, the great  man wilh a soul- that wanted i to  reach out iind love the whole world;  we.': cheer -.' becauso iof Alfred".'-., the.  Great, the road-maker and burner,  of i-pancakes; .wci-cheer .because ��� of  Cromwel I, the "o Id-time rough rider;  because of SiinUespeuro, thepoct for  all time, and Alilton, his brother in  immortality; because of Byron and  ���Tennyson, Burns and Gladstone; wc  cheer because of her whom we loved,  our Queen, his grandmother; becauso  _of__.OAi-^Kii]g,_twlioii-=wo__resi>ccl,____Iiis_  father, ���'���':������'������.  The arches, the great guns, the hats  doffed,'courtiers' on their knees, the  .chcars are not' for the Duke alone,  but in honor of the great past of the  little island that he represents,:innd  in whose history, lie 111115- some time  take a vital part as' King.  -        No Heller Soli .Anyi* here.  "The fertility of the soil is unsurpassed aiiywliere," siiid Mr. Gibson,  "the climuto is not .severe, and no  I early frosts injure tlio crops. Now  1 that Iho Canadian Northern runs  j through' this district 'throughout.'its  ; entire extent,  any  objection  to   the  ', liol'.ll'PIliso.NKHS'   HAS It  KOTKS  coppci in" lhelr j)ii.--'.5ession .at one  ��� itiiue, bill greater" wetilUr"is' represented,in paper iiotes of di-ITerenl-value,  Tlie above is u reproduction of iii.  note I'd' fill iX'iilsr in it tlio language  of the eamji it is a "good-for" and so  it is.. These paper notes are most  Iiopular.;..-   "' -v.-.  . ��� Rus.ia hh'ii Itullwiiy "Builder. :  -'Rufsiahasi built a-greater -length  .-of railway in the last 23 years, than  any otlier European country��� 15,-  142 miles i.s her record since ,1875.  Germany comes next with 14,666  miles. France has built 12,998, and  Britain 6,089 miles.  onstwnrd or westward, has been removed.: Indeed, it would bedillieult  t.o imagine a more desirable field for  immigration of farm settlers .who  are not afraid-.to.,grapple, with the  ordinary dilliculitcs and hardships  incidental',to original settlement:''  'The timber in the Ilainy l.nke'dis-  trict seemed more, plentiful thnn ' he'  bud supposed. There are Jorge areas,  of excel lent Norway pine, which can  be*sawn into lumber for the ini-reas-  ing; and-'ever-ready- market in'Mnni-  toba.. He; hail: no. doubt but that, iri  the- near, future, ;, the Lake -of', the  Woods and Ilainy Lake and the nuuv-  erous btlier; writers- in' that part of  the Province would bo resorted to  by. summer tourists from the United  States as well as from older On7  turio.     .'/��� ���-'  Why He Fnllcd.  ,'. A young man who had failed by only  three points in ancxamiuation for admission to the marine corps appealed to  his representative in congress for assist,  ance, and together they went to see tbe  secrotary of the navy in the hope of securing what is known as a "rotating" of  his papers.  ������'. y:y. ,- i":  "How many chances do you want?"  asked Secretary Long. "This Is your  third time." And before tho young man  hail a; chance to answer the secretary  continued: "How do-you. expect to get  along in the world when you smoke so  many cigarettes?. Youri clothes are saturated- with their odor. Pull off your  gloves and let me see your fingers. There,  see how yellow they iare!" pointing toi the  sides of the first aud second fingers.  Before the j*oung man found his tongue  to offer an explanation the secretary ask-  Her husband  is ia stalwart-looking young follow,  quite six .feet in height. Jlorwears  a ���.slight, fair moustache, n ni I looks  at least 23 or 24, instead of hisireal  age-ofjust over 19 vears. ly .--,;  : ��� it'iseenis -to have escaped genorfel  notice that .the olTending person in;  this, very delightful modern; romance  is not I Lieut., Cecil himself, 'but the  lady, i who has had the temerity to,  make! Id ni ������ her husbaiid. ���' Wards., in  Chancery foi-m. a class in: the com-,  munity whom the law cuarils :with  special; jealousy. If ithey arc of; the  weaker sex, they are surrounded witli  microscopic '-. precautions, and it'ie.v  must only do, or be, done by.ns 7;, the  Lord Chancellor desires...   ii 7  it.  "The ward must not be*sent7 to  scliobl or '.to '.business without tlie  consent-of the court; and. above :all.  the guardian must not take the ward  abroad, or ,. allow1- him to iiro abroad  without the special permission of -the  Lord;Chancellor.;; But,;.by.far;;?.the  most[xi.-uwfiil penalties; attached i Ho  ��� Killliitr l'.ut�� Willi (inn.  Some interesting; experiments luvvt  tukon place at the London docks tc  shoW tho elTcct of a now system ; for  the extermination* of rnits 011 board  ships. 7. The'vessel is charged '-.with  sulphur dioxide gas, .which apparently : has the effect, of attracting the  rats from their hiding places, and as  soon as they breathe (lie fumes thej  become .siiflocated. -''Tn'.the.'expert  incuts on the steamer Gourkhn sov,  eral hundred rats wero destroyed ir  a few minutes by imciitis bf the gas  which has no injurious effect upbt  the H��cor��tlo"B of the saloon.  A Chnrt For the Hour.  ffhiallc wlicii luck makes llj_lit your heart  Shiff.'wlien .viiu've cliucr in store, :  Dm, oh, ivlicii troulilc Ki'tsiii start,  Tliun sing rind whialc more, i*  cd him if he drank  "Only once in awhile/' was the sheep^i anybody, niale or femn.le; iwhoimivr  ish reply.  '7 *>: ���-���;-:: i'-iyi 7 7! ries^a^waird  of Court:- without';; i pcr-  Sccretary Long then "invited the con- mission. ; So. careful: is thelLortl  gi-cssmnuinto his private office andi While iChaiioeilor ubbut this matter;-: that  offering to do everythingithat,he could7the ward's guardiiui 'must notiallow  consistently, added, ���"I am sick of .trying the ward to niake ,love ior be- made  to make anythiugiof these,boys that are love, to, 7 witli aiview,to marriage,  loaded with cigarette smoke and drink still less to be engaged tobe-' liiui'r  'once in awhile.',\They' are about^^ hope- ( ried, . or. Ho marry.i.wiihbutt leave  less." i-i-..:   , .���������,..���' '������"!fi'bm'His;Loi'ilship;V"-'i'-,-f'.v:'--*q:;.---;:'.  When they left the department build- j ; jt is [d serious thing, to iiiarrvin-  ing, the young man, half apologizing for ';��� ward  ot bourt. *And 'thei unuallant  his poor showing, i remarked, "Drinking,  my father says, is the bane of the navy."  "I guess it is." replied the eongressmab  laconically.���-American' Boy,  Tlie War <o Lenrn.  ;-, "Say.dnd,'-.'jylien I igrow llg I ivanter  bo a 'toi-slinist���j-oii lcuow, like.a man in  a circus what bends' all'up crooked���and  George Blj- saysil oughter dite wlien I'm  little-7-aud - lie. says Mite' menus' to eat  *puftickIeT,-thiiigs"-and^iot=uothln_clse;:^  aud now what'll I cat to make iue ��  ���torslmist?" i .*'  "Green apples, my son."  Ratli'M Apology,; ,,  Bain, rain, go to SpainI      ,:  Never, never come againl      '��� f  ,Kow, have you eone.to Spain;..   :  Dear rain!  Ton stay 50 loni; an-ay,  lly Birilcn grows moro dusty and  More dreary-eveiy day,    ;' ...  . And oil tlio vegetables are dry, '.  And withered up and small.  Why, that old foolish rhyme I tali] -"'���  1 didn't mean at alll    .;      :-:::,..-  My little brook I lovo 60 woll     : ..;  Has.thin and sickly urown.  Wliere onco 1 trim! lu vain to'cross  Are only plies of stone, -''"'���  And where were little waterfalls, >  Wilh rushes round the lirliik,  Are only muddy, trampled pools . ,,'  Where cows conic down to drink.' .  -  And so, please, If you look offense.-  . ;  Forsive ii'c rlslit away-'        *'.* i: 7 7 '7  : And come and water all my flower*':  Soon as you can���unlay 7i   .  If quite convciiieiit;   Dcif t feel had.  Forget and come again.   -'       -,  Why, "never" wm jiisl make believe  I really love'you, rain,        :       *'  '���;.. 1 -Dear rain! - -.-.-* '��� -":  Oh, plcace come hack from Spain!,  i ��� Youiu's Companion.  ���   A Wonderfnl. Pii|ipy. ;,  A 5-year-old  iu  wi-iling to his -absent  father snid: "You just ouglit to sec mv  puppy, pupa!: He is getting bigger ever/  day, and sometimes twice a <'av."  part bf the law is that it- attaches  the .same, penalty.--: whether the ��� ward,  is. male ior yi.'fenialei-;,*lt isiunlikelyi  that Lord Ilalsbtiry iwiII,have illrs.i  Cecil hauled beforei him';'aiid comhil.t-  ted to' llollownyi: Jail for Tier: "cout  tempt'' 7 "in .marrying, Lieut:;; Cecil,  without; first, consul ting the,-head of.  the Court of.iOlinhceiT.i.but. the,lady  undoubtedly is in a. dangerous posi-  tiorii-'-'r.:'--;;'^1 ���-;��� iX-.-yX 'l:::'[iX:y,l-yy.'X. ������'.:.-  i 'But, i witli-.ail.tops.v-turiveyu.ess : not  frec|uent:..:iii i Uie.- .English jaw., tho  "punishment"    'insiiclii.case usually.  7      :J  -no Could Si(11 ml Jt.y  Girl���Are yoli a lover of music, pro-  fessorV- 7"        *,, ���77'-^7"7y 'ii'y 7,.'���"'' ���  I'l-ofessor���Yes. 1-nm; butiit-does uot'  iniike any (Jlll'eieiiee.7 .lustigo on aud  play away, iv'.';    *'.''i.y ylX-"l, *;**;,: 7  '������'������'��� i'.Snfer. aiid^hSjSKre. ;'.'.-*;,; y.yy  ,loe���If��� you"lihvo itiiytlilng uaonn;to  sayinbbut a liiaii.'siiy'it to'his' face.  15llly-0h.lt will  almost as quick.;:?.,:  ��et*iirouudit.o him  .... Of: Two. Bit rcmcai, ',"���    ,  ;.i'A Siggler's betleritliiin-theman i  ii:: Who,never laughii' a: lilt. ';',:,;;  : To.laugh.Bt incthing'si better than',:  : / To^worry oyeri it. *;������:      i'"7ii:7  ;lln3 r^pno Hei-De��*. i, Xyil.  Xray���C_ioily7<ioti'ox; isiIn-loire;wjtb  me'and dppsu't kiioiv/it 777'7;77 - 77;  Graice-TWoll, iiloh't7worry,7iiiy'der'  it Isn't'ypur'fault.;;-ix'liy:'yiiy:iiii';xfxi:i  A'PIcn. For. tlic, Colonel*.":'  '.'Oh, tell us not.lhc crop(luis;talledl  :" 'Hcv'lvo our libpesianew; .*:;.'   . ���  ,: For,' 11,there isn't any icorn,  ,,:  i7;i HVhat will Kentucky OoiyXl^  '-��� - .Ont of ithe .OriHrinrjv; ,-'  MissGushlelgh^-She Is beautiful, Isn't  ������lie71s:.:;lV:7':':';77::7.;:v-::-'i;7'7'7;;:;.:i'7;.77i.  i Va n Sii.irp���Ye���cs. * But she Is;brlght-  ,er than slie lboks.i7i-.77" -'i'5", XXXXiil-i,:'  SHERLOCK HULMLS, JK.  Another Oue of His nemarkalile Deductions Comes to Lit tit,      ' >  Sherlock Holmes, Jr., clutched his com-  'punion's arm and said:  "Do you see that man?"  "Yes. You mean the one with the mustache and goatee, don't you?  "The same, lie was awake all last  night with the toothache. His wifo  wanted to put the hot water bottle on  Ins vlieck, but ho wouldn't hnve it, and  she made him promise to have the thing  pulled today. His tooth isn't ucliiug now.  though."  "Then he is a friend of yours, is hc7  Why don't you introduce me'*"  "A'friend of mine? Xo. 1 never saw  him until I called your intention to biiu  a moment ago."  The great iimntour dt-tei'live's companion shied away like a innrricij woman  who sees Wu Ting Vang coming to ask  iir.i'siitius and said:  "Sherlock, there's no use talking. I've  not to quit associating with you. This  tineaiiii'y way you liave of finding-out.all--  , about- people who are strangers to you in  making mc nervous. I'm afraid of you.  How do. you know this man had the  tootliache all last night?"  "Look at * his eyes. They are nil, red.  riioy are the eyes of-a man who has  ,-i'i.n robbed ;of sleep." '-,'.; ���<; ,.:.  7, "Yes. 71 cim,see that lilseyesare red,  hut perhaps;he is a victim of hayi>fever,  ur something:of,that kind.".,   ' '���:���:������ *'.'''" "X  "No.   If  youi could:.make i deductions  yon   would   know, better.-.  Look.. again.;  You will see a dentist's sign*in a' tviuilow  aei'iiss a sti'eot"tliere.V \:y"y;'':''���'"[ 7; 'i:;' '���'������  "Yes;:l see it.";-:",.~: iii -������ yyy:y y-y:yyy:  ; "i noticed that liei gave a sudden s��rt  wheu lie, happened to see that.sig'ii.'aiid  halt stopped as if lie thoughtiot'goitjgi  over. ; Then lie put ia hiiiid "up' to" kia  "clieek, assumed; a cheerful: look; and hurried oh.;,So you,see his tooth;lias quit::!  aching." '.:������',.: X'Xli   . ������.'-.-.-��� .���'���.'���������::.���':.���.',  i "But*how do youiknowihe didn't'have  a hot water bottle against his cheek: last  ���uight?":.i7..:xyyiXiixX'i "Xiy-liiy yy  ''Because ho has just had a sbaye. A  man never getsshaveil the'nextimpining  after letting,his cheek rest lipdu- a, hot:'  water bottle.': Of course his wife wanted  him to let hei- add to his misery by boili-  ing his faciv because that's always a wo-  luari's way in such a; case of beingkind."  "Perhaps. -���; But I "think you, have left;  onoi point .unexplained.;   How   do   you  know the, mini" has' a'wife?", X i'i '.: ���'���������'..'-���:'���  "Oh, but you're diill.   You're aboutithe  poorest deductor 1 ever saw..; Didn't you  notice that he,was wearing a hair.Watch'iy  chain?-VWho ,6ut a; man;Witli7a: ��00l?v7  strong'.] wife]: whose' - h'air.V.' coniposed], it]  would weiir one:of those'thiugsiiin this:  enlightened age?"���Chicago "Rccord-Her- ii  old.;,;���",;:';];. '" -X'xiXxy.y:.yyyXyiiXy;l':L:  ;:"*: RetnrnlnE Vnenilonl/its.-'���"'���  is:    They're comins back:vvith nosc9,;v: ::,V '   i ���;  ii].';: By. Old Sol painteu red.;':i\; *-.7.'7'  - ,   ,: O'er necks and checks and loreiicadi ..7*7, ] i  The tan isitbicklj-rsprcadi^;.^^*i^::::']]';;'.7]:-:;  ,-���,Fro_r,;_nountaln and.ti;oin.:&cnshbre. i,]'7;,"'.;;  i.'   From lake and spring.and ijleu,- -i      :.,.;>���;.  " The thronps-of pleasure seekers ;���-;;]pl:XX:X  .ii," Are coming:botiie again. ..ii i'X,X-ly-:'yiy  i; They're" comins'back'.wiihistorici'*,*'  IX.���':���::y,.Of marvels they;have seen] ^i\:.;ii-7ir-XXy-y-  ii-.-And'now andiiheh arctellfnc;,.;   -X. ,L ,���:;)-._.  'I'l-y-yy --��� Ot cost: in. good long-Grcch.-;;,:-,; 'v. :-;'.::,  ;,:���:. The Buhunei boys art boastinffii,/i]]',:,,'.7,;v*  "'.'.   ;";:7i Of valor,ihey disiilayeJ.,XX��� '-���"-:'[-::',-":il,X  ,.'":"'And Biimm'er nirls ore;siiiiiInff7>':l77i7 -:.*'  ,,])V: ;-,:,O'er couquesta'tlmt theyimada-^i'^^'v,^*:  iiy,X<ilitie parsoD. who*s;bi_eD'-��^Di7]^:;]ii;';f,;^.V7  '������ i-,yX:-X-'l& showinii In hir face '-1-:X'���_-:. /;-,;,..'.":;.:'v  , ];:7*i That he analn is ready*':;,:: ,7--i:-]ii]i7;i;:;;  ]. * -;]:- *.Tb give Old'Nick,a'ehflse..'i:;: *]"- -Xy[���'  ::'*���::-The lawye'i: who's, been .'loallngi ,,;_���';; ,:":-^;;;'  ,::  .. where.Nepmiit,slaves tc:plcasa:xy,..  '[.,;���    .Is, now (or clienls ready, .yXXX���y' "������ylXy  '���-���''��� ���... .-With mind intent on fecsi 'Xly '���::��� -yXl Xyy  The gas man'and the plumber, .      'y,y.X.y'-l  ,;. ",-;- Ilave*had*thi'lr'tinie: bfircst. ;.*^'  '.,:���:-:   :And now th'e.iiuilbledo!lariV-i;7i77;7i!77 i  .,,;*]*,'   They'll.hunt7vUiigtealcr,i:est/:;]::.;:.i;v;i;:7;  ;,";.; Aiid;thouMnilsare,the"toilers :,.-^:';.-!';     :-i,  -.,,: .Wiho, work wilh hand.oribraia, i-yyl'l.  ':;Kow;i'omiiii; iiai-k, more able -:.:,';: lliy  ���;"��� y.;: ���''Xo bear the.dailyiairaizC :-:  i .;,. i '.;,,"  '���;::;];,In.many: homes tjiere's srhtllnff ��� - * ii]]  ;;7> ^.-'Andoft'exclninuc^or joki-sj] :-;.;,:7 '7;^:. i'i  .,.:;.'-Because;back:hcnieiare,i-'iniingr .x-.l:yX.:  yiyyl :;Long]absriif wdinen lulks.']:,]���'-;j;,]: ,:. . y.:  -],-,,] .'And of *'t liesn.: li'a pp>-! U-lfrnvs]] '::yfXy :,,-]'  ��� .-,;::"*There's one sii|irenii'lyii;ay::;7; '':7',:-V* -];'  -i'i i,-:7 Heitried_loicook liisTyieiualsj]-,; . ���]]*- iii. 7-  "U;i, , i While'"wlfey was"awiiy." -''7 :r- "���. X- '" ��� [. i "ii  -,.,���Pillsburg Chionicle'Teleitf.iiiS:"_;:"'  m  m  n��(MT_rm>u>.in>nt��M) *  BroncMtis, or a Severe Cold on tlie Ohest and Liings^  "���: a.nrl'.Tnitnen-fciirifi'afl -Mia Tn*natv"RffinntiTwi ,I,roo*f��oii4;:,;'/:''-:-i_7";":- :-'::i;7: ���'*-::':���:.:; .������;-:;..'.::  aad] InrpentinoaB tho most Effective Treatment; 7  ".]��� For every class of dtsbaso thero,Is one medicine'that]stands proi^in  In :tho case of Asthma,'; Broncliifcrt.Vandit^rith^  ] Syrup of Linseed and Turpentino. ;|Dbctors do ]n6t]*hesita.Ve to say- that] whorf thoi patient ,i becomes flushed ]aiidi  .exasperated in hisi struggle f6r.;broath.]! wheezes-loudly] and experiences intense;i agony in his chest and, iltiiigs  there is no]preparation available ithat wiirgive.suchiprbmpt'and thorough relief as \%IX'IX!'y������-���'      -lyy:'-;-;. -e'":-';  -:yy i:iDr��y(^a.s&&:Syi^^  ___        Mrs.; George .Budden, Futnamville, Oat., says -*r"I feel it my duty.to recbiiimendDr.fChase's Syriip'Vf Lin- ]]  ^.scod-arfd-TurpehtlHeriiS^I^ha'd^tH^A'stlii^^^  jiersuaded mo to try this remedy, as ho had tried it,, and it proved successful.71.tried;.it arid- it7cured]mo7]i;. I-]  am thankful today to say. I am a well woman'through the use of ithls'remedy. ;I keep itinitheihouse all the  timo :aiid]vy;ould'not;.be;;Withovtiit.'';;:',"7];7;*'"7]";'"- "���--;���������.'    ''y-.ily:xy-iyiyl}yX..yyl,lXy'l\XyXrx'y'yyy' . iyXiiiilyy  I)r. Chtis'o's Sj-rup of,]Linseed and Turpentino is so well knowa-in tlio homes of Canada that it seems'tii-  riccossary  to aidd further comment,  but a word of warning may.bo needed.*'   There'aro other prepdrationsibf  linseed-and' turpentine, imitations'."of pi*. Chase's.   Be sure the portrait,arid signature of Dr.' A.'., W. Chasdaro]  on: the bottlo you biiy.''Twenty-live cbiits a bottle ; family;size," three times ias , much* >iG0c.;-i: AH  .dealers,   or];.  ,;Edmanspn,i.Biitesi& Co., Toronto.]'':-.-      '"'. 'i'y-\-:i'���-���:���'���' ��� ���-.:-. .'���;��� '��� -;-,-���,���- '���;*:;7'--':;;:' : ].-j ,];, .���"'.'-.' :-"   7, 1 yi. yy,: yli  XSM  in  i  HOME WORK FOR EVERYBODY^DON'T BE IDLE  Wo want Man, Womtn and Chlldranta Work torus at thilr own Horaei, undsfilhs Direction ol--   r,*.'<-/7' -r/ !dy-  THE   PEOPLE'S   KNITTING  SYNDICATE,^iiTEH  (Authorlxed Capital, $180,000)   Tb Fill Largs Oontraots���Good Wages Easily Earned ' ':f^,'--''$>ii-!&iii?Zx"^>ii\  Wo want a fow more worker* In this locality, at once, and in order to tocure your Co-operation without tho 'delay of eorretpondohcej* we  herewith explain our full plan In thle advertliement.   Tho work Is elmplo, and the Machine ii e��lly operated, and with tho Guide, r.quirco no  teacher.   If you wuh to Join our staff of Workers let us hear from you promptly with remittance, and we will send machine and outfit to begin  work at onco. -     . .     , , -    ,.,.. ... ���-   ������..,.,-����� -.  Wo wlib to iKura tbo lorrlc-s of fimlllof to do knlttlns for di In tbclr tomei. We an tbi Introduce]* of thle plnn In Cini.i1a~_.nd* are Ihe'lAi  Atle-1 '      ���'���* -���  ���  '      .   .- .     ... ....  Tlm  "Jf '"��� ���" ,"lv' *"u "'" ��|ki��iiiiu �����/ aiiuiiio, iv i^imiuk imamivij iiiiikd k iiiiimis ID lis. WIT*.  - Tfio (treat demaad nuw Is for Wootlmeii'i Hocki. via Mutormen'i Mltteni, mid m wo aro uiulilo to ninply thn dejiKUiil, ws have taken this mtihod of adTcrtUinff for mon beln.  T��.- ���.���4_a.��an_��f.,_(Inl.l__ul  _.__._,.._., _.*_._!._.._._.   ���_ alm.i. '������--1--1  ���      ��� ���-  ��--    �� -   - - - - -!���   i. i.if taii.f ��� .ft..-..', mlll.i,.    tli..    ..  .... 1^ ��� .      r  wi with to iKura tbo lorTlcM of fimllloi to do knlttlns form In their homes. We are the Introdncen of this plnn tn Canada and are the InrcMt knttttiiir concern on the continent  Alter Iour ex[wr]oiit;��, vru have buen ahls to tiroduce an Antomatle kUctiliio hy which all kimls ot seamless knittlnu U tluno by mtr ramlly Alaclilne, tbcn>by cimbllnir ntiviiiie of  trylntelllvceia-etotiulckljrlcarntoilotbo'urorK from the Initructloo (luUls.-All that we require UUiat jouusetUe uiachlUBaa-onllufitodlrectluiia.' Tho Jtachlnti being nude  ordinary inieiiiitB _  .  expruunr fur this iiiirjio-n., Aiid tho ojH_ratl..n io slitijilo. It cannot t>o��llilr tnnke a mltUke In Its work.  The ureal demand n��w Is for Wootlmeii'i Hocks, anil Motormen'i Mittens, ami as we ore uiuhlw ��� "��r,��^ ��..., "..iimiiuui,���.  The jirice we psyfornnlih^l Mcyde stocklnirs Is |10.ou jter bumlrwl i woodmen's socks, tc. i��cr i>alr. ami moturmeii's mittens, JSc. a luilr.  The itiachlnocau be operatetl by any one o! a faintly, ami at our j-rlcus any enen.'etlc family sboultl banliletosustAlnthenuelvescomrurtably.  ���- - <    ''���,,���- . - ���*���*-,--.77*7 -',���-  Our plan li to send out eaib machine to twiriiinors wllh a sock or stocking imnlally kultted, nnd remalnlnir In the machine ready to bo continued, and also enough yam to knit  one palrofsun nlo socks or stocking ami a slm|-le ami complete Instruction (Jtildo, shuwluit how (bo work Is to bo done. \Y hen samnle bas been flu!-, lied and teturueu to us sutlarnc  tory, wo send aquantltyofyani.whluh you knit and return llkewlsa when fliilshed, U'o iirciuty charces on all work one way, and our worker* nayroturn chinas. The work, as wo  havo statnl, la slmplo and rapidly done, the machlno huTlnir a capacity of tun thousand atltcnea a luhutte. / We have many ixttwih now In our em ploy who can knit &om tweuty-flyo  to thirty va'p�� of socks or stockings a day.anu. where tho time of a family wdsvotetl to the work, you om readily ecelhaifnim $1 to |lo per woek can bo easily earned.    " "������,'���������  tory, wo send a quantity of yam. which you knit and return likewise; when finished.  y pairs of i _. .,.   _, .       m_ ...t _  We fbrnlsh our workers all tbe materials, yarn, eto., free, aud everything that la necessary for the work. We furnish the machine only for tho exdu&Ivo into of those desiring to  take employment with us, who must, In order to become a member, aend us nt luut one Koodreferenee, and remlttanceoccordliiply.toclvoustho'mjcc^iwry nsaur.mco Hint tlio quantities of valuable yarn we may send from timo to time will not be waited or misappropriated. Our Interests nre, mutual, and this.confidence must bu -jittal'l. slifd If were nro to Eticct-ed,  We Riiarsnteo fair dealing and prompt payment for work, so do not ailc us to devlat�� from our terms; as we cannot wako a dJstlncttuu wUhoneaudnotauothuri bcsidej,wo aio dolus  aa extensive business, and must be Rovemnl by business principles,  ' * ��� .*  r     ;.-, Tbo manufactured prtcoof the machine lsllfi^ and ponltlvely will not bo'sold to any cthctn than those who will asree to do knlttinjrforui.' .'"'r   r;     ''... ��� *'.':'> ^ it .;'������.���'.��� -i  Therolsalarsodeninndbythotnitloforthlsclasiorwork. pur workers cau depend, upon It year after year, andifymientace wllh us (whole or troaro time) wo will Icoopyoa  ���applied with work as Ion? aa you do It satisfactorily for us and return'lt promptly,: We entrust our workers with large quau titles of viduablo yarn, aud u wu clvo references ac tduiir  honesty and Integrity, wo muse askyou to do tho8ame,lnonlertbncwomaykiiowwltbwhomwoarodenlni:. . -���������.  We have. In as brief amanner as possible, endeaTOumltoahow you whst our workls. we simply say hs to the machine. It lajust.what we ropnjsent It to be, and will positively do  eTerylhlnffwnclalmrorlt(orrcfUnd tbo money. Em:h machlii", securely packed'with an outflt,ls sot tip fur wtirk, thoroughly tested,and asockorstockliiK narilallykulttod before  boxing aud shipping. Should you dccldo to engago with us. It will bo iiecessarytosrndusatleastouegoodrcfereucoitogetherwlth tbo remittance oi|10.w), wtdchuiakeatiiejnaddno  your property, upon receipt of which we will forward machine and outfit ready t3coinmence.   ���������   ' ..,������_:"* ���'.-���\ ���      -r .:---:.���' ���* . ���-���..���'.v .'--���������;.-���--,;.���  Wo aro to frequently and unnecessarily asked If oue caulearutotoiit without a teacher. Wo My, Ycsj it roaulrea no teacher i any person of ordinary intelligence who can read  tho Instruction Vnliie can learn to knit at onco. *���-���        *.-������. -. .     ,   .7 v .,        -������ -        ������ - *        >   : , .;.���.:���."'.���  ��� If at any time a worker becomes dissatisfied nnd wishes todlscotittnueln our employ we will take hack the machine and return tho money,provided tho machJnelalnasEood  condition as whon received and provided au amount of work equal to tho amount paid for tho machine has been dono. : :       .    ,-'-.- ���.'.; ^ .       .���....>....*;.���  laorderingjoumustenuogoftfrwdclrethenamoofflomoresponslblofrieiidorne^  flddresss      THE PEOPLE'S KNITTING SYNDICATE; LIMITED,  Our Befaronofll-E��pro��a Companlos, Banks, or Toronto Business Hous03. Head OtHco: McKlnnon Bldg., Toronto.  '"'fl  Si  i'-i'Ai RESPONSIBILITY  No strnm frnm its roi rre '  I lows iLdUartl. how lonelj ,-icTer Its c-uree,  tlu. \\lut auuie land Is e'adtlcit-dl   No alar ever  rose  And ect without inftiierce foinrwliere'   Who tnuu'  What cirt'i iiciia Irom carlh'a lowest c-rcatur"?  No hie  Can  be  pi re  in  Its purpose  anil  strong  In ita  e.rile ^ \  AnJ a.l lite not be r"*cr ��nJ ktroiiRcr t'lrrcbyl  l.e spirits ol iJ't ins rul,p |Hrt��t on l'l��'i>  lit arrv of nuriers wiui sun I b\ the t'iroiie  Ami ���"i��� Into tl.e (aie tbat makes glonous their  o .n.  Know ilil��, aurel), at lastl   Honest lo��e, lion-it  s rrr -,  lionet  nnrk  lor the day.  honest hope tor tlio  rnrrow���  Are tlnsi north nothing more than the hand  tin v iral e i-c-iri,  Tlie heart lluv liau k-i! Vied, the life the) liaic  I'icarj 7  Huh1    Hi* iiir-loli! Im*tv to the loice of tie  Spirit  !..ho.    'la   lh it o'crco mill sMall all tlnusi in  licru!"  ���L tlon  THE STORY  ~   OF A SONG  By Mrs.  Only n little worn lilncl. liorl so small  Hint it could be mi nnl in o.u-'- picket,  and yet the faded in mil! tell-, tin- lic.nt  React of n lone poet's life. It might still  haio lain at the liuttnm of tint mif-tj  pile of ni.inus.iipi it I li.nl not round my  *-uny into the nlil nti'ciiu- shop ����<���' ��'"l<-'i-  noon of tl..tt iii-vi-i to In- toigntto.i sum-  itii'r,in Vicuna And so 1 ���mo it to tlio  -woild "Wl'nt should I do unbent you,  my bclov-J r.n';d.tul! Vci mc not to ine  pages of liiinl p-poi lu ti'''Wi Iwo coveti.  but my inner self, tn nhonrl unieseivcd-  \\ pour out n J lon^iir-'s ���mil .tspuutioas.  'To j on onli can 1 "tne sum >\\ woids' to  mice inj deepest Jc\ It in ikes no diffet-  encp to j oil, dear little joi'in.il, that 1 am  Uioit of Mat ine and of t-^Ut. lotinil shoul-  di'icd, nil.u.id in rij ivntici ard my  Itnit. What caio juu tint my face is  plain and mv speech li.iltm^? Those ont-  n.iid signs tint ni.iko the man foiemost  haie noic-i tiutilihd jou. Vou Know the  leal l-'i.in/ Sicincit. his weakness and lus  'Strength nnd aie ovcr lendv to icccive  his confidence, and jou shnll hnie it, best  of friends.   To jo.i I'll tliinl.  iloud.  VHai" jou tfuigottcn th.it this is .Ian.  31, and I am twenty-one.'' 'Hunk what  a long, uphill climb life Ins been to that  hltle lad old tlol/er taught to play nnd  sing! Aye, but think again of all the  Hiv tbat n iimc has brought to him! How  . proud mv deir old master wns of nil I  did! I can lemc-mbei once he gaio nie  Bach's' "Heut Eier Faithful' for n  theme, and when I improvised and modu-  lated i.ito difTeient keis he cued out with  delight, 'The hoy has haimuuy in his  linger cuds.'  "What do I not owe you, faithful  friend ��nd teacher? Were jou not the  first to pliee within my hand the key to  the deep hidden mysteries of tone? Iiam  com meed that tod.iv will be the red letter day of my life, for the count's patronage must hi ing success. I wonder if  he die.inieil what his generous .offer  meant to me.  , ��� "I ti ied to stnmmer my gratitude, but  human speech fails to show what is in  the lien it. Only/the language ^ music  speaks c.in adequately tell of disappointments, loftv desires, .hope's fiillrilmcnt.  The count laid his hand upon my shoulder .is I pi ij cd, and then I came to  know nt once that he felt the thauko I  , could not litter. 1 , 'i ->*-, ' *| ,'  "By the calendar It Is a mouth  (though I can seaieely believe it) sinco  that moiuiug,- when, tiembling, I tried  'to make n careful toilet for my first  libit to my noble patron's, -where I was  lo gup lessons in music to his daughters. My thread!) u c waistcoat nnd  ,fmyed linen neier showed so plainly. I  was an hour inking the seams of my, coat  i.and paring the edges of my cuffs. Finally  I started for the palace, mv henit thumping so loudli against my nbs that, when  I hnltmgli linished niy inarliciilato greetings to the count. I feared to hear him  nsk tho luckej.-'Whnt is,thnt pounding?'  "While I was" vainly stingglmg tb  comninnd breath ond words a fnlrylike  apparition stood beside me. lier father  bmd, with" loving accent, 'My dnughtcr,'  but inwardly I questioned, 'Can anj thing  io exquisite be mntenal flesh and blond?'  Theie seemed to.-he a gleam of sunshine  in the Half daihen-d loom.' I looked and  found it was her smile." I heard a tender  cadence, a strain so beautiful it .could  only come from heaion. Dumb nnd motionless I listened for it again, and then  I knew it was her voice.  "How can I >;*'_! even you, my Inner  self, of all ber grnciousness of manner  throughout these weeks, of all her love  for what is best In music, of iher keen  appreciation of a thought expressed in  tone? '     ���> ���'   i  "Days, weeks, months have passed,  I'm .told, and yet I could count .time only  by two hours'; each ���weok.\ How "short  they nre to hbhl the whole of life' Can  1 be���I. who neier looked with love upon  ���& womin until now. and she ns far-above  me as the stars, although not sharp and  glittering like those distant oibs, but  sympitl-etic. kind and true, my Lady  Cniolinc!  w  ^f^fhat could'(hnve."moved \her so this  morning?) .She 'seemed eppressed, and as  she finished playing Beethoven's favoiite  'Andante' tears filled her eyes.  "'I love,it and.,seem to feel It In my  heart.' she murmured.' 'but wh'en'-I-plny it  sounds so cold, so harsh. Tell me the he-  'Cret of your touch,' my'master,' and she  Ijftcd up her eyes' beseechingly to mine. .'  J "For a minute's space, I .couldynot,anv  swer, for there rose before me my miser-  iiMe, stnned childhood. So unutterably  different frorri' the life of her'who questioned me. I shivered as I Bcenicd to bee  nu ill clad, boy^of twelvc.^lu the ently  dnw ii of [0*1 bitter rfin'ter's daj-jlmnklifg his  ����>���' to tlu?" pi notice room' wliere no  waimtli nor ray of* sunshine'ever pene-  tinted, and ,wheie his numb fingers could  liaidly call forth the tones be loved, and  so hungry that ci en his loved music cmild  not In ing forgctfuluess of that giinwmg  hunger.  , "A wave of pity filled my heart for that  desolate", little' hid,1' ns thonglil'hc we'ie  Borne other than myself, as 1 rec.illcd tho  piteous letteis he would write to Ins  brother.'begging ,n' few brcitt.-eis .with*  which to btiv an'apple or a him m ku<p  body and soul together, and. looking down  upon this thiiniy child of 'ti>Vtiim' .is b.ie  Mill questioned me with those dink ejes,  ��� tif HrttVen's lilue.ul stammeted: " ' ' "'  " 'You -would' k.ii.w' thi! se'bret of my  tou<4_,.'_.���.l_,jstii[li(d it ln a scjipql ^Utn-r-.  name I pray jou may ne.er comprehiud  ���the school of poverty. The mastei*  who taught me all I know may come to  yon in later years, and, if they do, their  tiaimng, hard though It may be, will give  you all you long for in your music'  "Oh, little book of mine, words arc to��  poor to tell the sympathy, the encouragement In her voice���her face. If God had  only made her nenier to my level���what  am I baying? Would I, If I could, dr��g  her down to my poierty, my hedged -a  life? No, ne.er! She is my star, my  queen, whom I bhnll ever wotship.  "Wlnlo I stood trembling before her,  speechless with love, she spoke again:  "'BimU vou iiaie something: to sav to  me, my matter?'  "Hesitatingly. I drew a blip of paper  from my pocket, sajing: 'Yesterday I  wus tinensj, restless, and in the evening,  to bung sleep, I wnlked many miles. Returning we.iij-, I stopped at a littlo wuy-  side inn, and as I sat at table idly turning tin.' leaves of n hook some one had  left tlicre this lino cnught my eye:  "Hmk, hark! The lark at heaven's gate  Miigs." And instantly n melody sang itself to llie woids, and I wos compelled to  write it down. I searched mj pockets  for n bit of paper, but could find none,  bo I used the bill of fare. Will you pardon me that I bring it to jou just as It  is?'  "Then, without more words, I played  It to her��� played as I neier had befne.  She sat neiu me. nnd when I paused she  did not speak, but with her eyes said,  'Moie!'  " 'This I wrote and thought of yon,' I  whispered,  nnd  I   pl.iyed  'Who Is  Sjl-  VII!?'  "When I rose to go, it wns my lady's  turn to tremble. 'I���I'��� she stammered,  and in her confusion I gicw strangely  self possessed. '1 long huie wished to  nsk you win���whj, ns jou lime dedicated so manj of.jnui noble works to  otheis, I alone am left unnoticed. Do  jou not think ine woithj?' She glnnccd  up shyly, while hot blushes overspread  neck nnd brow*. My voice sounded far  tu.nj as I stud:  " 'My la Ii, do you not know that  everj thing I haie eicr done is nltcndy  dedicated m my heart to you?'  "The blow has fallen, little speechless  comfoiter She is going from, mc.  These few lines which she hns written  take frnm me sunshine, life, nnd thrust  me into th.it outer darkness whence thero  is no escape:  " 'Dear Master���In three days wo  leave for Ilimg-iry to pass the summer.  Will jou not come nnd give one more  lc��'-oii to your pupil?   C. B.'  "Mun hcbsdien, thou art gone and  hast taken with thee all sn.e honor! I  did not speak, though thou didst question  me with thy sweet eyes, but yet my soul  communed with thme, and it did seem  that thy he.ut answcicd mine. Heart's  dee rest, couldst thou tend aright thou  must have Been and known for months  how dear thou ait to mc. I do not  speak thv nnmc alone within this little  room without falling upon my knees In  rc.eicnco for thv goodness.  "Canst thou dn ine the pang it cost me  thnt I must let thco go and never sny  'I love thee?' And yet, through "nil tho  bitter pain one thought brought comfort  ���rnptuie. It was this: That I, so poor  that I dare not tell thee in words the  woiship tint I feel, yet have the power  within me to expicss my love for thee in  ,ncver djing song. Yes, yes! Immortal  beloved, in my heart there sings for thee  n song of bongs that will live when we  aie gone: will live to tell the world the  sacicdness of man's lovo for woman, of  mj loi e for thee. ,  i        ���        #     ' *        *        ���        *  i -i .  r "How many days I have neglected yon,  donr"little book.   I am so weary, so tired  of this hopeless stiuggle, that something  within me cries. 'Take courage, it is not  foi long; j-our work Is nenily done!'   God  gr mt it ninj  he so, and yet thnt night,  when underneath her window I stooped  and lifted to my lips this fnded rose her  hand   had   thrown   mc  nud   read   these  'woids  wlapped  round the stem,  I  felt  life held no deeper bliss: ��  "'lleloied, I know well now the masters who taught thee so'long ngo tho  secret of thy thrilling touch nnd tone, for  they nre dailj with me. Their names  mean life and they are called experience  and lo\c .What cin I sny to thee of  thy dear bong, w hose melody still fills my  soul, save thnt it tells mc all I longed  to know, nnd leaves me comforted  though broken hearted?' "'  "I rend again and jet again her dear  confession. I-presscd it to my heart, my  lips. Those first days when "my Caroline  hud gone my song kept ever ringing in  mj ears���the song thnt wns to tell her  how I loi ed���ndored.  "At Inst.tlicre came a time when even  love could benr no more. 'I must, I will  go nnd-sing my song to her' I cried in  my despair. 'At night, when all is hushed nnd still heneath her window, I can  ease mj heart.'  a * ��'-       ��� a ��� ���  "It was past midnight when I crept  through the garden gate. Silently I  stood awhile beneath her window. Far  off a nightingale naiig In the forest  depths. Yenrninglv I stretched my nrms  nnd .breathed, ',Where the darkling  streams nre^ereepiug, dearest, let us go.'  Then 'love touched my' voice and carried  It on wings of glory unto my desire.  _ "All the stars Keep watch In heaven .  M lille I sing to thec,  "   ,   . Anil tlic_nl|;]lt tor loie waa c'lenj      "  ���* r ,* iD��rest,rcoBie fo mov (     s   ,  ' "A power*from 'above" filled me as I  snng my swan' song'to-my beloved.  Wns I awake?. Was I not dreaming?  1 feel again the thrill with which I snw  the ouier blind move slowly unci., and in  the moonlight, grave'i nnd pale, thero  stood my Lady Caroline. (Although I  lieind no wotd, I knew ,'fnrcwcll' wns on  her lips nnd In her tcnr'dimmrd eye.  "She Hood, an.>lnstqnt:, then, as she  reached to draw the' blind that wns to  shut her face from me forcvermore,  there fluttered from her'hand and dropped dow ii nt my feet this crushed white  rose.���Chicago Tiibiine.  THANKSGIVING CAKE.  With Haple  Sagar  Vxoatlng ��� Borne  Other Delicious Confection*.  Mix together and beat with tbe hand  until perfectly smooth two cups of  bread dough (ready for shaping Into  lon.es), half a cup of butter, two cups  of sugar, two eggs, one-fourth of a tea-  spoonfrl of cloves, half a teaspoonful  each of cinnamon, runce and nutmeg,  half a teaspoonful of soda, oi-e cup of  seeded raisins nnd one-foui th of a cup  of sliced citron. Turn Into n tube enke,  pnn nnd when light (it should uot quite  double lu bulk) bake in nn oieu nt a  temperature a little lower than for  bread. When cold, pour n maple sugar  fiostlng over the enke nnd decorate  with peenn or lilckoiy nuts nnd oina-  nu'iitnl frosting. This cuke Is partlcu-  l.iily good mnde of withe whent bread  dough.  Maple Sugar Frosting.���Stir a cupful  of thin crenm and two cupfuls (one  pound! of gin ted or shaved maple  sugar over  the  tlie   until  dissolved.  srr-  TllANKSIiIMNO CAKE  then cook until the soft ball stage Is  tcuched without' stilling Iti-moie  fiom the Hie. set Into cold wntei .iud  bent until of coiihlstenej to spri.nl  Ilollcd Maple Sugar Hosting - 1'oM  two cupfuls of mnple sug.ir pn-p-iiu!  ns above with half a cupful of boll  ing wntei until u soft Iin 11 inn he  formed in cold w.iter, then pom In a  fine stream on to the stiff beaten w lilies  of two eggs, biMting constantly: leiinn  to the fire nud heat c-.nctully to mold  burning, twoortluee luinuKS, then le-  mo.ff und bent occasionally until cuid  aud of I'onsinOiicj to sprefi'l.  Mocha Cuke.���B.iko a sponge cuke  tnlxtuie In two loiind layer cake pans  Half n pound each of eggs and sugar  nnd the usual propoitlon of othei In-  gipdleuts will give, two Itij-eis nnd a  dozen lad*' fmgeis I'repnie n mocha  cream and spread smooth between the  la., ers nnd upon the outside of the  cake. Score the cake iu pieces for  soiling. Pipe with the remainder of  the cream.  For the mocha crenm wash a cup of  butter, then bent to a cieam nnd ndtl  slowly enough thick siiup. flinoied  with coffee, to sweeten the mkturc io  taste. To make the sirup cook togctli  ci a cup of sugar and half a cup of  clear, stiong coffee until a thick simp  ls foi mod; cool before using A cup  and a half of butter will be needed for  a large cake with henry decoration  Pound Cake.���Bent one nnd a li.ilf  pounds of butter.to a crenm. add gi .filially one and a half pounds of sugfir,  then the beaten jolks of ten eirgs; add  alternately one and a half pounds ol  flour sifted with two level toaspoon-  fuls of baking powder and a srnnt cup  of milk and. lastly, the w hltes of ten  eggs beaten dry. When putting the  mixture Into tbe pan,'add heie and  there a slice of cltion.  ENGLISH BEAUTY.  HOW THE STANDARD HAS CHANGED  IN EIGHTY YEARS.        /  A Popnlar Dccorntlte fden.  It has been quite u poptilni Ide.i nf  late, says Good Housekeeping. In ill-  tlstlc effects,10 use handsome stieli-li"i  of tapestry or brocade for bnekgioiiiul  pieces against the wall behind < nm I  or sofa. They mnke a line slum it  from beauty and linimony of <oloi ml  richness of texture they desene s(  worthy and conspicuous a place Uul  It must be remembeied that such tun It'  giounds nre to be the setting for llv  lng pictures, nnd It is only tali tlml  they should not diminish or detnul  fiom the pose of the nctois. It uonlc'  be the poorest expression of art In the  home if the personality of the occupants Rhould not'be nlwnjs at Its lust  tn its own surroundings.  SuKoroiI Siveet Potatoes.  Peel cold boiled potatoes mt In twe  lengthwise, place In a dripping pirn  flat side up, sprinkle with snlt. pepper  and granulated sugar quite freely On  each piece place a small piece of but  ter, and brown in a ciuiek oven.  '   Xa<ea.t Millinery.       ' ,  ' Hnts dip much over the face, n strll -1  Ing but not unhersally becoming stilts.'  Fur nnd lace blend together, and ninny  hats and toques will be worn made entirely of fur. |  Toques formed of Inch wide gold  braid alternating with silver nnd ti un-  med.with ,llght.blue pnnne and salile  *** '* *    V i-i.' J_"l_ -��� IP  Once Everything Depended Upon tne  Eyca ��� The Dume-Jonet, Rosncttl  nnd Da Manrier Types���What la  Liked Today*  A famous living artist, a grent authority on what is peculiarly the study nad  aim of art���beauty���lias been heard to  maintain that women of our generation  bale a quite uncanny power of altering  themselves for the ovei throw and enslavement of their victim, man. If it be  ttuc at all, it ib probable they always had  that power and almost ceitain they  never let it lapse for want of us,ing it.  And certainly when wc look round at the  pretty English girls of this piebont year  it seems as if it were ttuc. What U true  Is thut the trpe seems to have-completely changed.  Some eighty years ngo n famojs chap-  eron used to lay down as the condition  of certain ttiumph that a girl should  have ejes. Other points of beauty went  for nothing or for little. If she hid eyes  she would do, and by "do" thnt much  requisitioned chnperon. meant that she  was sure to capture a desirable husband.  And the painters of those days showed  us what sort weie the eyen that did .nil  the mischief. They wore not demure,  or provoking/or flashing; they were birn-  ply large, lazy, lauguorous and generally  blue.  There wns nothing "unholy" In the expression of the ejes; lt was only in the  color; they weie essentinlb- ingenue eyes.  Lady Hamilton had them, but Romney  mnnaged genciall.i so to deepen them  with shadow thnt you never reaped the  color ns blue. Now, -with this beauty of  ejes, nud especially of blue ejes, came  the beauty of complexion, the healthy  pink and whito ot the Lite Georgian and  c-ion the early Vietotian era. We lime  but to turn to anj portrait of that tune  to see that the oval face, "the blue eye,  dear and dewy, and the infantine sweet  nir of her" were what the painter knew  his sitter wou'd enpoct.  Then came the change. Rossetti, so to  speak, discovered throats, Du Mnuricr  made us look at chins, Hazlitt snng the  praises of pallor, passion pale pallor;  ejes were forgotten or overlooked and  "regularity" was unnecessniy to noses.  Figuies became long nnd angular, dross  ignoied bgurc nnd changed to drapery,  nnd the whole tjpe .altered., Burno-  Jones, Rossetti and Du Mauricr seemed  to have fashioned between them a new  kind of beautiful woman, Tlie portraits  of the seventies rccoid the changing  fashion and it was pait of it that tbe  age of beauty w as thought to como later  in the life of woman. The type passed  to exaggeration in.the testhetic cra?e,  but, all the same, throat and chin and  mouth nnd pnllor ruled us and eyes nnd  completion went for little or nothing.  But the reaction was ineiitablo and not  long delayed. It has come a'ready.  Women have again uncannily changed  themselves for the destitution of man.  The Rossetti type is disnppenring nnd  gtndunlly gi. ing place to two other types,  which indeed hnve little in common. One  may frankly be called the Rom;,ey type.  The hair is brown nud curly, the face  is bhoit, tho nose ia slightly upturned,  the coiners of tho mouth turn tip a littlo  too. The only -word of praise which  you know would be inapplicable is "dignified." It is a souhictie kind of beauty,  captivating, provocative, domestic, certainly not oveiintellcetual, with no great  tendency to lttcintuie or nrt, winsome,  nnd conscious of its lirobistibihty. You  see it just now Iirgelj lenvening nil  classes of English society. There is  nothing of thp grsndo dame about it.  Can you fancy ono of the Rossetti-D-J  Maimer tjpe beauties ever stooping to  conquer, eier descending to the barmaid;'  and jet remaining Miss Uardcastle?  You will see the type all through London'  today, in ladies, in shopgirls, In servants, a tjpe very attiactive for ita  healthy, lovable comeliness. Romney  gnie it to us for our admiration, nnd  the London hniidicsser has helped most  girls moie or less to come under it. Tho  short locks with the curves support the  curves of the ictrousse nose, give zest  nnd piquancy to the impertinence of the  face, and gne to the whole type its pro-  vocatne ehaisi. It certainly is not a refined kind. The face is broad, fat, white.  Tie nose is rather shapeless. The ears  nre rather large and decidedly ugly. The  mouth has little form in its lines, no  firmness when it closes, little expression  when it lies open. The roll ot that black  hair accentuates all these defects, and  brings many individuals, really unlike,  nppnrently  under  the  same  type.    It  HtRWAY.  Eyer'   Well, r.o, lier ejes nln't mncn;  Guc*s jou teen a lot o' such-  Sort o' Muall an' liluey-grey,  'T iiin't her ejes���Its jest her wny.  Hnlr ain't Mack, ior e\en brows;  dot no cold upon lier crown;  bent o' ibh\, I bhoulil sn,  'T ain't her hair���u �� Jest her way.  'T nln't her month���lier rmiith la vr\da\  Soit o' rtuib from altle to slilc;  bee   em lietkr ei'iy (Inj,  'A ulu t hei  mouth���her mouth la wide.  Nose ] reckon'*, nothln' great,  Couldn't eien suour It s, straight;  l'uet. I feel I'm _ie-<  to sij  'T taln't h(i  nose���It s Jest her way.  rigger's pi iln   completion's red;  (Sot no stile. Tie heard It snlil:  Neier learned to bin,; er plij,  Kr p-irlci l'jiiuli���It s Jest her way.  IiO\ e her?   Well, I guess 1 dol  I.oie her nilglm  fond nnd true;  Ia'K- her better ei'ry dny;  Dunuo whj���It's Jest her wny.  ���fcllziibetti" Sylvester  IN LAVEMDER LAND.  The  Fr.igrant   Kurie-t   In   the   Shire   ol  Mim-*, In  t-nslnml.  Only ten miles from London lies  La\onclor land Glorious patches of  put pic Hotels bathing in bright Sur-  ley sunshine seem to make the mr  heavy with their s.wcet, old-fashioned scent for miles .iround Just  now thev nie busy in Lavender land  gatlieiing in the season's harvest.  The inhabitants of the littlo Village  of Wallington ��� upon which tho  mantle of Mitch.un. foimerly the  centre of the indiisliy, has fallen ���  aio cutting the puiple blossoms und  making them into shc.ivcs Fiom  the holds the sheaves of lavender are  taken to the gieat distilleiy which  stands within the Uowei-laden garden of Miss Spuilcs, the lady lavender faimer who hns clone so much  foi the ieviv,il of the local mdustiy  Yeais ago, when Miss Sprules first  begun its cultivation, tho local lavender was in a bad way A succession of severe winteis with killing spang fiosts had almost exterminated the once-famous laiender of  Milcham and the neighborhood, and  tho foieigner was pom ing his inferior scents into tho English market  Now the mdustiy has become again  a laige and important one, and in  spite of the cnci oachnicnts of tho  builc'ei, which have ahc.ulv driven  the laiender fiorn 3Iitch.ini and aie  thi (intoning it in the neighboring villages of Carslmlton, Wallington and  Bcddington, there is enouch of it  grown m the distuct to last for  many a year.  The old London street cry Is almost dead. In but few places now  can tho old, familiar call "Sweet  lnvcndei " bung back to niemoiy the  dajs when the use of the (lower and  its scent wns almost universal  among the women of England But  in spite of this the sale of the English lavender is again increasing,  thanks largely no doubt, to tho  p.itionage of the late Queen Lavender in branches, laicmlci in bags,  oil of lavender, salts of lavender,  lavonclei disinfectant, and lavender  w.Uei*��� all are being sent away in  (imntities from the llttlo cluster of  Si.ney villages���London E\picss.  i ur. it.ii ^i :..ii i,  Allred Drejfus has writtci. giving  an account ol Ins lmiJrisoim.ynt  'ihe jniKe oi i_Hi.ii>uage is ihe only  mcmbci of the lcjjnl family who employs a woman to cook  Tho Jluke of rife is su.d to keep 12  suits going at thu sainu time, anil  never we.us the same clothes twice  in one week.  Dr Gallus Ritter von Ilochbergcr,  imperial and roval counselloi of the  Austrian court, who icsides at Carlsbad, is 07 jcus old, has been in  piuctice 71 j ems and still jyve��  medical aduce  The Duke of Cornwall and York,  Lord Roberts and Loid Alverstone  have been elected honoinry members  of the London Saiage Club The club  has only foui other houoi.ny life  members���the King, Sir II 51 Stanley, I)r   Knns.cn and "AJn-k Twain "  The newest Pi ussinn census shows  that Emperor William's landed pro-  peity includes S3 sepnt nto estates,  .iggiegnting about 1121,800 acres.  Next comes Pi nice Pless, with 75;  the Dukes Ujest and Rutibor, with  32 and 51 respectively, and then tho-  King of Saxony, who owns 50 largB  estates  The British House of Commons has  its stoiy tellei in chief in the person of a Mi Tullv JIis latest yarn  is of a Scotch inn-keeper who for  yeais got tipsy every Sunday afternoon One Thuisday he got drunk  by mistake, thinking it wns Sunday,  and found a couple of his guests)  playing billinids Jle insisted that  they stop, saj ing that he would not  allow anyone to play lulliaids in his  house ' on the Sabbath "  SIiuiiiBlair.a ilnnband.   ; ,   ,,  Every unmarried woman has said: "I'd  like lo own thnt mnn for one dny. I'd  touch him to behave." But have you noticed that when they marry they don't  seem to ninnnge any better than others?  ���Atchison Globe.  lie-1  C-tenpenttiflr.  Jones���I've just been \doing something  thnt nlw.tvt makes,ing fe'el*cheap.  Smith���Wlnt is tlint 7  Jones^CouipnrinK-j,myi salary , with  what I think it ought to'he.  -..".'T;���T-���^"-rT. *' '  A Rent Martyr.  , ^ShepYes, she Is a wqmnn who has suffered n'gieitt deal becnut.e,of her belief.  ..Ity-^Iniloed!. And,wfiat'is'her belief?,  'She^Tbnt she enn wear'a No.1 3 Bboo  nn a .Vnv,4 foot*  ������,���<"��������',*������'  J,r   l     AN KLFGA.XT'IIAT,       '.��!  / ,  are. slngjilnMy, dreggy. 'Trlcorries anc  adaptations of-NupolMiilc styles*hfivi  gieat \ogujj. f .    ���{ -     .    .-  The��wi'y blilcilint'Illustiated Islnfndi  In leliet unci eliirto!. of mi elushe tint  only to be likijrtcd.-toUIiif bloom on u  ilpephini The sides are foi inetl ol two  ii'iilher; pndsj s(ipniatc'd(,.,b}_?n";l;'iepc__<  buckle, while the dome slinpjd ciowu  is built up In guuVtud chlffonaud circles of liuuow velvet  won't last. \  But there is another form gf face  which we have begun to see_ latterly  which is a type and which has come to  Btay. Its beauty is more or less that of  the early Vietotian type. TThc eye here  has for its essential a natural outlook. It  does not beg the chanty of notice, it  does not care for it. but enjoys itself In  the world nnd hns its beauty from its  pleasure. Tho biidge of the nose now  returns to its normal importance. It is  Fecn_as_that_of_the_delicately_lifted  aquiline.  Du Manrier thirty years ago nnnexed  the high bridge, accentuated its defects  end mnde it the special preserve of the  downger duchesses. The ugliness of the  exnggcrntion has now passed away. The  delicate aquiline has a beauty of its own,  especially when with It comes in onco  more the Inrge eye that has room for a  Inrge lid. This type has nlbo the chnim  of complexion, a wholesome red nnd  white, cheeks thnt cnu blush subcutnnc-  ously, a face thnt Ignores the surtn.ee of  ponder nnd the tint of rouge. This  beauty, nil the same, is rather dollish  and of a stupid kind, with its chin npt  to be weak and its luow low nnd shelling. It Is essentially nristocrntlc and  belongs to the _ granddaughters of Du  Slaurler's dowagers���Loudon News.  They Can'. Swim.  It is a curious fact that the girls and  women who live nlong the const nnd enn  handle any kind of bont from a dory to  a sloop, .-.nil are ns competent with the  newer naphtha or gasoline Inunches na  the men. nro unnhle to swim, with few  exceptions. Although they spend a good  part of their lives on the water, thty  Bccm to hnve nn aversion to going into  It. But this ignorance of the nn of  swimming is not confined to the one box.  Many  of the oldest and. most evperi-  i diced "cap'ns." who have spent their  lives making or managing bonts, will  admit thnt they "ain't much on swim-  min'.V though' they-'could do "a few  stiokes, p'rnps, If put to It"���New York  ' Press. !  *ir ll    1!   ( oniini  Sir William Mai ton Conway, who  has beer elected Pi ofessor of Tine  Art, Cambridge is alioadv eminent  as a lectin er on that subject, holding, as, he doi_s, the Chair of Ait  and Univeisitv College, Liverpool,  but it is probably as a mountaineer  that he is best known In 1802 ho  was in the Ilunalnj'as, wheie he  climbed a peak 28,000 feet high In  1S94 he tiaieised the Alps fiom end  to end, and in 1816-97 ho cxploied  the exterior of Spit/boigen In 1898  he explored and sniveled the Bolivian Andes, ascending Sorata Illi-  mnm, nnd also Aconcagua lie has  wnUon laigelv, alike upon mountaineering nnd upon art, his chief  works upon his professional subject  including "The Ai tistic Development  of Rovnolcls and Gainsboioutrh,"  "Early Flemish Aitists" "Tho  Woodcutters of the Netherlands,"  "The ��.1 toi ai y Remains of Albiccht  Ilurer," and other works ITc has  been a university* extension lecturer  for Cambriclcre Sir Mnrton was  born at Rochester, in 1852, and is  the son of the Rev Win Conwav,  canon " of Westminstci Repton is  his school, and Trinity, Cambridge,  his college  "Slim"  11r��    De ll et  The Vetit Blue tells a. story lllus-  trativcfof the 'slimncss" of Mrs.  IJewet An English officer was  pointing out to her how impossible  it yens for hoi husband to escape the  cordon of tioops which wns drawn  round him As Mrs Dewet seemed  -un.iblo-to undo stand lum.-the officer  placed a dozen eggs in a circle on  the table, with a half-ciown in the  middle The eggs, ho explained,  pointing to himself, weio the English, the coin, pointing to a portrait  of Dowct on the wall, was her illusive husband It was an excellent  object-lesson, nnd it was pci fectly  successful "I see," said the simple,  Dutch woman, m excellent English  "But wheie is Dowct?" And the  half-crown had disappouied'  Atlirini-il ��ii.|  >i.  l-'iul'a Condition.  The public ahum concerning tho  condition of St Paul's Cathedral,  suys a cablegram fiom London, is  becoming intense, ns cxpci Is report  that the settlements of tho foundations is due to a series of drv,summers, which have caused the London  clay, on which the nniiounl Cathedral is built, to ci uinble It is estimated that tho cost of underpinning tho labile will ho $1 000,000,  for which a public subscription is to  be started  ills Cllllcs  "What it takes to make a I'ara^  disc," some one has said,,"depends  upon the person who is going theie."  There was once an .utist who painted a picture of Adam and Eve in tl.e  Garden of Eden It was exhibited  publicly One day the paintei, entering the hall, saw two men, who  appealed to bo f.umcis, standing befoie the���pictuie  "Now," said the artist to himself,  "I can hear an unpicjudiccd opinion  of my woik "  He di ew near, and listened to what  the f.umeis weie sajing  ' Well, John," said one, "what do  you think of if"  "It's pietty good," said the other,  "but thcie's one thing about it that  strikes me as a littlo mite queer.  "What's that**"'  "Why, he's got Eve with a Rhode  Island greening in her hand."  "Woll, what of it'" x  "Hum' Seeing that the first  Rhode Island gieening was raised in  this century, I don't finite see how  they could have had them m Paradise1"  "No gieeningsi" eiclaunecl the other contemptuously "how do join  suppose they could have got along  in the Gaiden of Eden without the-  Rhode Island greenings?"  Clearly Understood.  They seldom gave dinner parties,  and what they gave weie small. But  they liked things done decently .end.  in ordei, and genc-ially hail th& best.  On the aftei noon of one of the little  partics the host summoned the boy  in buttons and said to him "Now,  John, jou must be veiy caioful how  you hand lound the wine "  "Yes, sir "  ' These bottles with tho black seals  are the best, and these with the ied  seals the lnfonor sheet y , The 'jest,  sheny is for aftei dinned, the Mifei-  101 sheny you will hand aiouncl with'  tho hock after soup You understand���hock and inferior sheny after'  soup'"  "Yes, sn, peifectly," icspoudad Uie;  hoy in buttons  The evening came and with it tfia-*  guests Eieivthing wont on swimmingly till the boy went tound the  table asking of the guests, "Hock or  mfcnoi   shell,. '"���London  Tid-Bits.  . .-r-\n IrUli llotto  The Boer, Commandant, Wolmnr-  nns., writing about the fight at  Bionkhurst Spruit mentions tho  bi.iveiv of'Piivatc Doolnn of the"  Constabulary. Fifteen Boers surrounded lum nnd demanded that ho  surrender Doolan leplied "Dml a.  st-rrendei" " v and killed four Boors'  before he was wounded, mo-tally, it.  is bcliev"!. .        <"  A I)Liiti(,l'n (ltictr mil.  A dentist died in a niial town in  England iccently, after spending  over fiity yeais pulling the molars of  lus fellow citi/ens He had made it  a hobby to keep all tl.e teeth which  he, had diawn in the com so of his  professional taieei, and took great  pride in the collection When his  will was opened it was found that he-  had ordcied his collection of teeth,  to be placed with him in his coffin  for bin ml His hens fulfilled his  command, and almost thuty thousand teeth weie put into the coflm  with the dead dentist * If some  archaeologist of tho futme century  shall happen to open that giave, ho  will have "food foi thought" and  somo difllcultv, pci haps, in explaining tha piesence of so many teeth  i  Time for rliouclit.  A man is nicisuicd by his soli-  tudes7_-He_wlio^llie^all~nioments"or_  isolation is as conscious of guilt as  he who avoids all companionship is  palpably moi bid "Use sometimes '"  says Gcoige Heiberts, "to be  alone " No flowoi comes to its fullness of beauty or sweetness wholly  by sunshine or entiiely bv shade.  "When thou host enteied thy  closet," sajs oui Lord, communion  is possible and idelations, will  come. The man who is afuud to <,  meet himself isj.be man foi otheitv  to avoid.r-Cluciigo Intel ior.  A11 lltollll   ti.|>lu<l(.  One of the chemical pupcis repot ts  an experiment by which mi aiuilcj.il  asphalt wus produced, which closely  resembles the natuiiil subn.inu.'  l''iesh hei ring and oily pine v oocl  weie distilled in an uon letort and  the produce was condensed :n a Lle-  big condenser. The expenment seems  to confirm the thcoiy lhat i.sphult  nnd petroleum uie the pi'od'icis cf u  natural distillation, oy . Inch the ic-  mnms of em Ij minis of .ininil .and  vegetablo life luuc boon tiansfonned  in the heated cm i   i    lie -iith, **"  <     I  1 hut  -.titnu  1 line  Gayloid���Glnd to have met you,  oId*boy ' Conic up and seo meJsome  time >' -    n     v.  Meckel���1 deel.nc it's too bud! It  will be impossible foi mo to come  then I'\e an engagement elsewhere.  So soiry.''     "l" '���>     . *  ~ i\  i"\  -���^~*m_.  ><-  _ES____S  nn  mas  fj^l*! THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. .. DO0CHMBER a, mt  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    TVEEKLY   IN   THE   INTERESTS OF THE MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASEMENT      OP      KUCK     BLOCK  H.\STlN<iS STIUJET,  VANCOUVER, Ii. C.  SL'I'SCRUTIO.VS  IN   ADVANCE.  A wedi.  month-.. X  one jear,  i cents;  Ci'lltc,  1.23.  month, 13 cents; three  six mouth?,, ti., cents;  ENDORSED BV THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, THE VANCOU-  VER UABOll PARTY AND THE  HL'JLDING TRADIiS COUNCIL..  SATURDAY.  D15CB.M1IE1. _.*!, 1H01  THE CITY HOSPITAL.  A good deal of dif-usMon and intcrc.it  Ihave been rihoivn in hospital matters  shins the inciting oh tht- 12Vn. It is a  fac-t that radical improvements -In the  present sta.te of affairs must be made?.  The over-crowded civic institution is  not fitted ito cope with the ca-ses demanding care and treatment. To start  with, the managing boaid should bo  changed; nnd instead of t-helioard or  health now appointed hy the city council controlling the management it  should be a. hoard of commissioners���  a portion of whom -should ibe elected by  the peo'ple. the same as the licensing  board, -and the remainder selected In  meeting assembled of it hose contributing to the hospital funds not less than  a stated turn per annum���say $3. It  must be 'borne In mind that unless th.'  public at large talce a Fymp_itlietli_ interest in hospital m.-.'tter.o the institution cannot possibly 'be run as it should  be and made a home in the 1'iille.st  meaning of the term for the sick. This  public feeling of sentiment and good  will, so ibaelly needed In Vancouver,  could bo partially brought into existence were people allowed some voice  in the management. Again, the public  .. should contribute, especially the big  corporations, because they tore in many  instances the.direct cause of patients  going to hospital. Poor people, struggling for existence, at ipres-ent must pry  per ratio with the rich. This may he  right Jn principle, that nil men ar^  equal, 'but it is not according to ability  to ipuy.  The 'hospital 'buildings, ns constructed, ere not .flL for sick people, .being a  long way from limning" proper ventilation.    Leaving the annex for -the oper-  i    atlng room or kitchen you .pass through  a bath room and a iv. c. ito get to them.  The distance edibles  must be- carried  from    the   -kitchen    to    the    .patients  through if resh inlr makes them more like  a "'Wand out"   for tramps ithan'"dainties" for invalids. When some unfortunate   muet   undergo  an   operation   tlie  operating room Is "fired up" or heated,  Bind ten to 'one if the place is not filled  ���with smoke by the time the patient arrives on a stretcher after being enrrhd  . some di-stonce througli a long, nairow  shed or corridor with open sides, and  tlie wind wihi.itllng through It the same  as It 'does out of doors.   Fancy the trip  .���Uaick, say, after a case of .appendicitis.  This exposure can-not be avoided unless  the building Is 'altered.  The women's ward, though considerable morfty has already .been spent on  it, Is another shiftless affair. The private 'apartments are more like cells for  Jail -birds than healthy spacious rooms  for the sldk. If there were about 2.1  of ithese apartments .built as they ougnt  __toj.be, thcy_iyould_mean_a_big_revenue  to the .hospital, .which could partly be  used In defraying the expenses of those  occupying the general ward. Ire the  latter place old women, young women,  girls and children are all kept together inone big room. When delirious nnd  suffering women are bewailing anj  moaning their agonies It of times scares  the Httle ones almost .beyond paclfica  tlon, which is a great hardship on the  mums as well ai; ithe. tlny'-"lnvallds.  Consumptives are also kept in the mime  room or ward. There Ih no room for  a children's word or a .place for con-  euhvpt-h-es. Theie are an ���absolute necessity. Uhe ofd hospital building  proi>er is now turned Into an old innnV  home. This Is 'kept up by the city in  connection -with the city -hoslptnl, but,  Jn tact, should be kept up as a, provincial Institution. In this regard a  Hionte for aged, and destitute people is  needed.  The isolation department Is a cottage  ���with eight beds ln It, located back of  Uie old .hospital, which .needs some attention. For instance, whateiver the  patten to require in the way of food, Is  brought from the kitchen, or cook  louse, through the open-air (passage to  a wicket s_nd shovad In.   The "grub"  must be good and cold no doubt by the  time the patient receives It. Of course  this has its advantages, 'there being no  i-lmnrt) for a weak, siak person getting  burnt much.  The nurses' quarters are now In two  houses���one of which Is on Cambie,  the other on Hamilton street. The reason for than being located otiulde tihe  grounds I.s that Dr. McEiien made n  "'kick" about Uie former abode of the  muses. It being directly over the old  general ward, where phthisical patients  were treated, also cises of -septicaemia,  etc., ciutlng foul smells, >o much -o  that the writer believes that It was ill-  it-ctly the cause of .bloodpolsoning and  the- death of n late lamented nurse. A  nur.se.s' home, accommodating say  about 2.*i, ivhould bs right on the  grounds. At present there are n-bou:  15 nuives, about 14 or whom are in  tialning, chiefly young women. They  receive the princely stipend or to a  month tlie Hist year, $S the second, and  $10 the third, and 1*2 hours a day. Don  hours and1 shout -pay are evidently the  rule that prevails at the city hospital.  They should get double tihe amount  for eight -houis.  The nurses and the city doctors are  not any more to blame for this state  of things -than the patients 'themselves.  Tlhe doctors deserve the .thanks or the  citizens for .their free services, ns likewise also the nurtses*.  You can't expect things to be any  better so long as they remain im the  hands of our aldermen, who do everything on the cheaip. Now, if It were  diiving oxen, or men, -etc., it would  be quite another matter. They are  .trong in this direction, ibut -quite Uif-  rerent 'regarding tlhe sick. It Is thei-j-  fore necessary to change the management.  In 1S90, according -to the last obtainable printed report, the city paid ?12,-  282.92, the government $C,S12.J0, and patients 53,131.43 into .the hospital .funds.  Theie were 634 patients cared for, st  a cost a dny of $1.01 1-2 each. A few-  comparisons for the .same year Is .herewith given:  Winnipeg paid $10,000, government  aid ?.fl,_2G.7<_, donations $2,003, municl-  -pnlitles $1,700,.patients (private wards)  $10,067.30, patients (public wands) $3,-  SCS.45.   working account $13,868.01.  St. Luike'is, Ottawa, General Hospital���Treated 914 patients, patients' fees  $9,309.99, subscriptions J9.309.99, maintenance cost $14,873.39.  Medicine Hat General Hospital���Patients caied for 378, cost $8,812.24, or 88  cents each a day, patients 'paid $2,76S.-  23, donations $2,017.25, government aid,  52.3SS.73.  Cnlgary General Hospital���Patients,  297: cost, $4,043.50; donations, $362.30;  patients paying, $3,822.67; Calgary, $500;  government aid, $1,339.19.  Urandon���Patients admitted, 560; cost,  $9,743.46; Brandon paid $500; municipalities, $1,150; provincial government, $3,-  50S.S8; donations*, $288.65; private patients, $1,118.50; general patients, '$3,-  623.13. Among the life governors of  this institution are F. T. Cope, A.  Jukes and IJ. G. Stewart, all of this  city.  The reasons, in all likelihood, --wliy  our city hospital does not receive public donations, like other places, ai-e the  same vis might be applied to the water  works- department. In' some quarters  the question has been raised why do  the doctors serve on Uhe'hospital staff  at all? One reason, we suppose, is  that ithey get a better opportunity  to treat certain special oases to gain  experience, which fact would be a merit  rather than a demerit in an enterprising practitioner, for, ln turn, the public would be benefited thereby. The  staff is supposed 'to attend to all people who go to -the hospital f^r- treatment, those who are able to pay and  those who are not There are many  able to pay who would go to an hos-  pitnl_to_take_adwntage_of_the .cheap  rates, but they are different In Vancouver, where the chances they must  risk are too great.  One of the very strongest' reasons  why the proposed new hospital site-  should be located ln Falrview Is that  the doctors of the city are practically  .unanimous om the question, and who  would know better than they? A hospital should be situated ln the best  possible location as regards pure air  nud sanitation, the same as any health  resort. The air is purer in Fainvlea-.  This fact may be proven In -the early  morning, when that part of the city  lying between. False Creek and Uur-  rard Inlet is covered and hidden by a  cloud of fog-, rising from the low lands,  while Uie snow-capped peaks of vhe  coast range of mountdlris on the other  side of the Inlet may be plainly seen  from ,the httl In Falrview. These are  tlie grounds most desired. To get to  the hospital, were It loettcd there, In  an emergency frnm the centre of the  city, an up-to-date rubber-tired ambulance could be kept always ln waiting for service down town, and the patient would reach itihe new place quite  as speedily as he does now.  Extensive  for a first-class hospital, and we In  Vancouver want the best ajid must  have it. .Dr. Tnustall suggests that  the building should be so laid out that  it may be added to until 300 patients  can be accommodated without. at all  Injuring the architecture. We agree  with this view.  The worst feature to contend with in  this discussion of changing -the hospital site and management,, ls the fact  that the novices, many of whom were  never in an hospital or even needed  a doctor, seem to be the bitterest opponents to any Improvement being  made in the present arrangements. It  w-a.s Ciirlyk- who said the healthy  'know not of their health, but wily the  sick. Therefore the health of a city is  -paramount to Its wealth.  The next Impending calamity to this  province is the meeting of the legislature, wihlch, ln all likelihood, -will take  place next month. For every time lt  meets some one's pet scheme or  schemes are .pushed through which cost  the .people quite a iplle. -Land .grants  and siuibsid-les to railway .promoters no  doubt will be the chief order of the  day. And what else can you expect,  for the same .influences which control  the commerce and finances of the country control Us legislators? Speaking In  a collective sense, the workingmen  tihemselTCs are to 'blame far this sod  state of affairs.  for fall  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1901.  Every wantable kind of material Is  included Jn this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct The result Is seen  ln the unapproachable assortment,  from which wc mention a few of the  weoives we have ln the latest designs  and shades.  ZBBOLINE, Y___N33TI_VNS,  HOMESPUNS, OHBVIOTS.  SUITINGS, ^BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We ash you to call and see them.  Wo know the price will do the rest.  -��  Subscribers -need -not toe ashamed to  .pay their subscription to The Independent to date. We have no objection to  taking any old kind of coin, so long  as our creditors will accept it at .par.  CURRENT 0PINI0N---ALL SORTS.  Who's Responsible?  We have showed conclusively that  over half a million dollars is .being  filched from the .people of this territory during .this winter .by the whiskey  trust. Who is responsible 'for this stupendous theft, Slfton and Smart, the  conitipt hypocrites, or our James H.  Itoss? We think Slfton and Smart are.  Mr. Ross can settle the question in  three words. If iMr. Ross will not  say those three words he iroust assume  some of the responsibility himself���  .Klondike Miner, Grand Forks, Y. T.  Willing to Take a Oho.nce.  Seven .children In St Louis .have been  'killed Iby the use of impure anti-toxin  used ln the treatment ot dtpththeria,  which Caused lookjaiw. Nine cases or  lockjaw and seven deaths (resulted from  Ioukjaiiv caused .by maccination,1 at  Campden, N. J. still the dootora tell  us that vaccination is necessary to  prevent smallpox. I will talke my  chances of having smallpox -rather than  to chance being ikilled by vaccination.  ���Terra Haute Toiler.  cfA*��> JM^&Mtivcfefof  9  it  n  <���  n  n  il  n  <���  170 Cordova, Cot. Cambie.    J [  We reach wherever the mails reach.*' i >  <���  <>  il  n  n  n  n  <���  <���  <���  <���  o  it  '<*���  n  o.  i>  n  <>  n  i>  o . -  :: To be faithful  ���������������-��������������������������������  u <i  ; | All tilings requisite Tor the Holi- j j  <. day Season in      ���...  11      Fancy Raisins, Figs, Nuts,     <,  ' ' Naval and Japanese Oranges, ���  Finest Creamery Butter,  Strictly NEW Laid Eggs,  and of first importance a  TURKEY or GOOSE  at '  FORD'S   GROCERY,!!  iTel. 728.   25 Hastings St. E.    . I  Lowert price and highest quality ..  our motto, v  MAYORALTY 1902.  To the Electors of Vancouver.  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies bf pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with the utmost  ^    promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.   0  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo i:  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  *' ;  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  ' >��������������������� ������������������������������������������������ �������������������������  <���  o  <��  it  ���09  The Question of Fit  ��������  Refers to Victoria.  We are sound asleep out on Mils  coast to our superb opportunities; the  men vvith ,tihe ideas ihave mo money;  and the men with -the inoney Hhuvc,  too often, no ideas.���LnHysmltlh Leader.  At Saintly Toronto.  It seems, according to the evidence,  that the .g-amblew watched for the police, and as soon' as ithey saiw one coining they ihld all thicir.-money.���Toronto  Star.  Log Rolling.  Canada can supply three million tons  of timber a year to Britain, amd we  have all the log rollers -we need, too.���  Toronto Star.  Independent Political Action.  The parllamenitary committee of tJie  Vancouver trades and Laibor council,  to whom was .referred conrumimlcatlons  referring to political action by wUge-  workers, itaikes a ivery broad ,view cf  the suKject, and Is to be commended  therefor.���Fortland-Labor-press:   Independence Depends.  TJie only man In Victoria who has  so far dared to support the Dunsmulr  govemmonlt has been read out of the  Independent labor party with all his  backers on that account.���Victoria Post.  grounds are needed, 20 acres at least,  Kootenay Down on Ilonusing.  Smltti Curtis says the Vancouver pa-  pears lied about him. We congratulate  Smith Curtis. Whenever the coast papers begin to He nbout a man 'It Ih a  good sign. According to CupIIr' say so.  he delivered a speech In, Vancouver,  laying down a political creed of eight  Ktnnziia In whiloli he did not advocate  ���b'onuHing Jim Hill. This the Vancou  ver papers flailed to report,- but -th-��y  counted .him among the grafter gang.  Ountto indignantly denies that he aver  advocated .bonuslng the V. V. & E.  He says ihe wants to see ithe Coast-  Kootenay-road 'built by the government  or, falling that, by the corporation giving the 'best terms. This Is sound policy, and Curtis will do well to stand by  it. Bonuses and land grants for raJl-  waysimay look good to Victoria folks,  but ithey aire not popular h* the Kootenay.���(Sanldon Paystnealk.      ,   '  LADIES AND GENTLEMEN:���  At the request of a great nuirtber of my  fellow-electors, I am a candidate for tho  office of Mayor, and I beg,to solicit your  votes and influence. "'  Ami,, when elected,, you will find mc  ready and fearlessly, without favor to  any, performing the duties of this Important office, consistently with the best  Interests of the City.  I shall endeavor, immediately after the  election to lake In hand the reclamation  and Improvement of the upper end of  False Oreek, east of Westminster avenue bridge, plotting part of this valuable property for manufacturing sites.  I shall endeavor to establish a farmers'  market-In as central a part of the city  as possible, fetching consumer and producer together, thereby saving thousands  of dollars to our citizens each year, thus  promoting and encouraging agrloulture ln  the vicinity of our city.  Ranchers and farmers who now complain of small prices will have the best  market In iBritlsh Columbia, and the  trade ivMI be thousands of dollars to our  merchants nnd hotels.  I sliall endeavor to inaugurate a system of Improvements on the north and  south sides of Knglish Bay, making lt  nn attraction second to none. Our healthy  climate, tempered by the sea breezes,  combined with sea bathing, ls an Incentive for us to exert onrselves am} make  this citi- a fashionable and popular tourist  resort for ipleasure seekers.  I shall endeavor to stop all waste and  extravagance of the city revenues, and  <bc as economical ln the administration of  the puhllc works department as possible,  securing a dollar's worth of benefit for  everv dollar ex-pended.  Wishing j>on a hnqupy and  prosperous  New Year.,I am. ladles and gentlemen,  1   Yours respectfully,  CHARLES WOODWAKD. ���  Never needs to keep*men"from wearing our Clothing. Tliey must fit or you  musn't take tliem���just so as to stylo, cloth and appearance. \ye buy tho tiest  materials made in Europo or America, selected by experts of long experience and  trained observers of fashion's changes. Our largely increased and increasingbusi-  noss shows that they are right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save money. "      ���  Prices $10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLUBB   &   STEWART,  Telephone 702. 160 Cordova Street.  O30O0O9uC)O0O0COQ0000CO0O0O0000OSO0O0000000OO00O00OOQL  &  s  s  Christmas Presents  A Full and Complete Asssortment of Fancy Dry Goods  for the Holiday Trade.v  Illouses and Dress Silks, Purses and Chatelene Hags.  A largo variety of Handkerchiefs, Umbrellas, Kid Gloves, tidies'  Ties, Furs, Genls' Ties,' Table Linens and Napkins, Needle Cases, Perfumes, etc., etc. , ,   .     .  Jr HORNER, 400 Westminster Ave.  CORNER   HASTINGS STREET.  ���������������������������������������  I :   GEO. HAY   : |  f^     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     A  J      Renovator, makes a suit new.     ���  X Dyeing and Repairing. %  A '210 Cambie St., Vmooovi*. X  oooooooooooooooooocoooooooooooooooocoooooooooooooooc  \  ��� ��� ���  Ladies* Felt SHfrfrers  ���   0   ���  Onhj  65  Cents.  �����-. ,Men,s Felt Sixers *�����  At  ?5   Cents.  ' Everything else in proportion throughout the holiday season at  F. M. WETZEL, 58 Cordova St.  Importers and Bottlers  GORE.AVEi   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.  . . UAKn A irBCULTT o_>..  b    IM M Liqueur, m ���  o   ushers Block umeiimiKiM  -LAROB STOCK OF-   ���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC -  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props,  .Omuiib Ooioova aud Gamuix.  \  $AVOY THEATRE  HcPoxbu-A Simpson Pioniietora.  Air. f. Jahek BU<e Matu|��r.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  Artistic md Refitted VawforfBe.  EVERY ACT A FEATURE.  The-^**^  Seymour Streeet,  A. M. TY&HN,  WHOLCULI AUD UTAH. D8ALIS IM  Fish, Game, Fruit, and   '  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. Teonb442  For stomach trouble of any Und take  Flint's Dyspepsia TaMets. Ther cure  or you get your money back. GOo box.  McDow.ll, Atkins. Watson Cto.  For th. next (0 dajri joo aa gut a colt tt-  Tonroma pries at., , ���  THE   ACME  Tb introduce our as* ajatam at _aU��i_i_g t��--  tore our Jtall Stask aniTti.  21 emtio M.  C 1. W_oa_t, Ctttor.  -\ - SATtTRDAT DECEMBER 21, 19011  THE INDEPENDENT.  Every man, woman and child is imbued with the spirit of pood-will���the de-  ���sire to give is strong upon everybody who is ablo to give. Anil this is tlie s-eason  ��� when those not able to give are willing to receive in kindly thankfulness. If you  ������attend the great Retiring From Business Sale of tlie I'alneu Clothing House "Co.  you'll Iind it an easy matter to give Christinas gifts us large preparations 'and tre-  'mendous reductions have been mado to help your buying useful Christmas presents.   You'll find one dollar spont hero will go as fur as tiio in any otlier store.  Another Saturday of Irresistible Bargains.  Come and be convinced that prices were never so low.  The Palace Clothing  IIO Cordova Street.  We Don't Sell Toys  We Do Sell Shoes.  0  Don't you Avant a new pair before Christmas.  . You \vill<jvant to appear well on the Day of All  Days.    Come in and see our Comfortable Footwear.   The Union Store.  THE GOLDEN  BOOT STORE,  13 Hastings St. E.  STRUGGLE FOR EXISTENCE.  (By G. K. Maxwell, .11. P.)  A writer of considerable note tells  :u3 that ihe was taught one of .the lessons of 'his life when on -a- holiday. He  -went to Switzerland to climb the sublime Alps, to wander throug'h the  charming valleys, to behold the awful  majestic glaciers, to listen to the thun-  -der of the avalanches, to sail over the  beautiful lakes, n.nd to be encihnnt_d  by the Bridal Veil, the GSiessbatk, ati'l  Eie countless . other waterfalls for  ���which this country is faunoais. Em  .,    nimld the marvelous scenery something  ��� ���   more marvelous 'was discovered,  viz.,  the people, their history, their simplicity, their industries, their life; all these  'have a charm compared with whioh ithe  imagniflconce of  nature  dwindles  Into  insignificance.   The same "is true of .ill  lands and of nil peoples.  There is more  '     'Of God in the maid ��� who    cooks  our  meals,  ln  the man who  polishes  our  boots,  w.ho digs our coal, who chops,  .saws and planes our wood1, who builds  ���c-ur. houses, who blasts and chisels out  - -   xoek,  who moulds our . iron and  our  ' steel.'and who puts them Into t'he most  toea-utlful   shapes,  and*Into   the   most  -serviceable forms,  who senves >ln our  stores,  th'an there Is ln 'Mount Blanc,  ,-or In t'he Fiords, or In 'the Trossnolu,  ���or in Niagara, or in 'the Rocky Mountains,-or ln the Yellowstone Park.* This  5s a  thought  of  pre-eminent Import  a'nee,  and Is one which should merer  be forgotten.   Man is iby nil odds the  ���chief thing in the world, and all things  'in  lt  receive  their beauty and1 tliedr  "value, 'through*'tihelr .touch or contact  wltih Jilni.    In  thesre   days   when all  "things are   being    tested,    when  the  'thoughts,  the principles, ithe systems,  the labors of others who have gone -be-  ' fore,  and who no doubt thought and  ��� _. labored according to the light that was  in them, are being severely criticised,  to -see what of right or wrong, justice  -or Injustice, good or evil, there may be  in them, lt is well to keep this In view.  .Just as there are those who, when th;y  c  .go to a mew country, make moie of Its  rivers,   lakes,, 'fields,  flowers,   valleys,  '.hills and mountains than 'they do of  the imen and the women who have glv-  -en to the country an^ glory, whioh it  possesses, so there are those ,ivho, when  industrial or social questlons.come up,  and when  brought face to face with  ' glaring nnd  unjustifiable Inequalities,"  'due to a Vicious 'system, will sacrifice  the man before ithey will sacrifice the  cold-blooded article, puts Jt, we are *o  take comfort fiom .the reflection that  the terrible" struggle for existence ten is  to final good, and that the suffering ot  ���the ancestor Is paid for 'by the Increa  ed perfection of  the  progeny.    There  might be something in this argument  if. after the Chinese, the present generation could pay Its debts to its ancestors,  otherwise   It  Is  not  clear  what  compensation  the Eohippus    (primeval  or   antediluvian horse)    sets    for   his  soriovvs, in the fact that some million  i^f   year*   nrterivard��.    one  ot ihis   d-2-  sceml'ints iiiii�� the Derby.   Suffice lt to  say. theie is ,i struggle, that is admitted;    let   us   see   the   results of this  struggle so  far as man  is>concerned.  So 'far ns Canada, Is Interested in this  quest Ion ue do not as yet see the full  force of .t'hl.s stiugglc, because the system which causes this stiuggle .is limited in Its operation.   The older a country is. und the longer the system has  been  in existence,   the  more   palpable  'Ltild struggle   /becomes.    Sir.    Charles  Booth ns not n  faddist.    He Is a cool,  calm,  clear headed man,  who started  out with n band of assistants to find  out by personal Investigation the condition of the"people mi tlie great city at  London.   He has published the results  of his Investigations, not by means of  a.  blood  curdling novel, 'but  in ' bar:,  unvarnished   .statistics,    and    yet  ilr.  Kidd,  another  collected thinker,  says  he has hi ought out in,a far more impressive manner than any sensational  llteratuie could do, what Ls perhaps the  most notewoi thy aspect ot t'he life of  the masses in the centre of our civilization,  namely,  the enormous portion  of  the  population   which  exists  In   a  state of chronic poverty. The total per-  'centnge of the population to be found  in .poverty as the result  of these inquiries is stated to be over thirty per  cent.   Despite the enormous aecumula  tlon of wealth  system.   In other words, they will give  the system fair play rather than give  -"the man fair'play.   They will'  Rather Fetter the Man  . than fetter the system, and hence with  such the system is everything, and man  is of no account.  To-day the great dls-  ���covery is the .people, tholr needs- and  their rlgihts.  .We have made ourselves  Hong* enough, too   long    ln  fact,   the  slaX-es'of a system, and the .thought is  shaping, itself Into a policy, that man  Bhould not, and must not,,'be mode conformable to a system, but that  any  .system should be made conformable to  ���the well being of man.   The struggle  for existence is a fact, an Indisputable  fact, and we consider It  one of the  tfoulest plots on our civilisation to-day.  When we attempt to grapple with this  -fact we are met faoe to face with the  -evolutionist  and  the materialist,  and  'Consciously or unconsciously, intentionally or unintentionally, they do not help  us.   They tell us that this has been  going on from the beginning, that ilt Is  ���a. law or __, freak of nature, that lt Is  one of her methods, natural selection,  to attain a 'better apecles.   As   Prof.  Huxley, in a .wry unsatisfactory and  In the IUchest City  of the world, the entire middle and upper classes only number a little over  seventeen .per cent, of the whole population.     In   estimating  the   total  percentage of   the  imputation, of  Lomdo.i  in  poverty,  the  rich districts are  included, ndtii the poor districts, but in  thirty-seven districts, each with a population  of  over thirty  thousand,   and  containing altogether one million, ono  hundred and   seventy-nine    thousand  persons,  the proportion in  poverty in  no case falls below forty per cent., and  In some of them it reaches sixty per  cent���Let aie-add-to-this^picture.���Tn  General Booth's picture, n hich he gave  us Im Darkest England, there are iiftv-  one thousand In workhouses, asylums,  and hospitals; .there  are -thlrty-thrue  thousand 'homeless,   two .hundred and  tneiity-tivo'thousand next door to starvation; three . hundred   thousand   nre  starving,    nnd    three    hundred    and  eighty-seven  thousand are very jioor.  In nil this army of helpers nnd' needy  ones is nearly or.e million strong. There  lire, thirty 'thousand    women   leading  lives of Hhnnie, and probably as many  more engaged In the same 'business In  quieter and  lesa   ostentatious    ways  Ten thousand seven hundred children  died the previous year to the publishing of this book of violence and neglect.   Theiv aie three thousand sweut-  ers" pens in uJileh may be found three  .thousand  children.    There   are  about  three millions of people  being tossed  upon tihe sea of, misery.   Let me still  add to the .picture.   There are.In England about seven hundred thousand out  of work.   There are about eight Jiun-  dred thousand paupers.   Of every one  thousand persons who  die,   over nlns  hundred die without leaning any 'property.   About, eight millions of people  exist alwttys on tihe borders of destitution. About twenty millloni are poor.  More than half the national .income belongs to about ten thousand peopU,  while there are over forty millions.  Out of the1 same amount of people only  one million and a half get above three  pounds per week. The average income  per head of the working classes I.s  about seventeen .pounds per year, or  lers than one shilling per dny. As. one  man looks nt this .horrible mass of suffering struggling humanity, he writes:  Some sell their lives foi  bread,  Some sell their souls for gold,  Some seek the river's bed.  Some seek the workhouse -mould.  'Such Is proud England's sway.  Where wealth may work its will,  While flesh is cheap to-day,  W'hilc souls are cheaper still.  How oheap both souls and bodies nre  we shall see ns we proceed. Take .in  illustration, ffou can get eight 'hundred  matches for five cents. That is the  retail price. What will the wholesale  price 'be? If the manufacturers charge  twopence for eight .hundred matches,  after paying for wood, wax, wiflk, .phosphorus, printing, paste, advertisements,  carriage and laborj  How Much Will He Pay  the women and children who make  them? Wlhat can they possibly gat  after all these other things, together  with the manufacturers' profit, are provided for? What kind of a living can  tli'ey get?i What kind of a struggle  must be theirs when they haive to pay  for rent, food and clothing? We talk of  abolishing slavery. True we kicked the  fetters off the black man, and paU  millions to do so, but we have our  white slaves still, and 'because dt is an  '���industrial system which enslaves them,  we say, the capitalists, that It is all  right. By 'necessity these white slaves  are compelled to toll sixteen hours a  day, nnd seven days a week, for the  magnificent sum of four shillings���one  dollar. Isn't a body and a soul cheap?  Isn't God's .handiwork cheap? But ns  you look on you mutter, It's a struggle  to get a bit of fire and warm them, a  bit of bread to keep them alive, to get  a few rags to cover them, to got a  hovel to liouse them���a struggle! Yes,  it's all a struggle to save the blasted  figment of u body. Poor .things, lilttle  did the God who made man. think that  His workmanship, praised by every  noble Intellect, would be so crushed, so  abused, *,o mutilated for the glory of a  system whose aim is gain, and whose  dominant principle 'is selfishness.  Struggle away. Soon outraged nature  will rise up like an infuriated Pythoness, and then the gurgle" u 111 tell that  the 'brutal struggle Is over. 'Dead! Yes,  but a death that is a crime laid at the'  dooi* of liumanlty. Who should be better provided for, who should 'have a  nobler life, wlio should enjoy more of  this world's comforts, who should live  longest and happiest, j than those \i ho  are day by day ministering by Wrelr  toll, and iby what they produce, to the  necessities, the comforts, and the luxuries of .humanity. Such things done in  the broad daylight to me are awful,  are disgraceful and are revolting. You*  talk of treason to a king���why that  man is the greatest traitor who Is false  to his 'brother, man, and ithnt is the  worst treason this eauth knows, irtwi  a man arms himself through a system  to Inhumanlze humanity. Take another .picture of this stiuggle. London!  think of it, audi there come to you  visions of cloud capped towers, -and  gorgeous palaces; visions of sple.i  dors, which outshine the splendors of  Sardanaplus: 'Visions of wealth,  visions of 'fashions, feasts," and what  not, that make one Imagine that he  was face to face with a land fairer  than the day, and face to face with an  Elysium in iihich there is no destitution, no poverty, no wrethedness, no  misery, no suffering, and' no struggle.  . All is NotGold That _<_HItters._i=   have beem a true man, and a good citizen.    Let us talk with one of .them.  You see he 13 a staJwart youth, a man  that would and might be useful and  serviceable.   He replies, to your questions.    I .am a greenhorn    In London.  I've  been  walking  the  streets   night  and dny for nearly two   weeks,  and  can't get work.   I've got the strength,  though   I   shan't   have  it long at this  rate.    I  made    a penny    to-day,   and  bought a Ini'porth of bread, und a ha  penny inugo' tea.   There he Is���ground  doivn to the locks."There are some who  deny that a man needs to struggle for  work.   Such don't know what they are  talking about.   They are either ignorant or Innocent.   This man's case is a  fact.   I 'know it.   That pathetic figure  of a strong 'honest young man Is a reality, and a scandal.   Out'he goes looking for work.    One day passes,  and  another, and another, but tbe thought  keeps cheering   ihim, better   luck tomorrow.    Hope springs eternal in the  human breast, but, ah, it seems often  like a mere will o' the wisp.   Days run  into weeiks, and still tlie youth is on  the trail.   There are times when he is  received   With  great  politeness,   there  aie other times when he Is drivero off  as 'if ihe was a robber.   To some places,  buoyed up by a word or a look, 'he goes  again and again, until he r��ceives the  knock-out blow:   Please do not come  again.   If we require your services we  shall let you 'know.   Who can. express  the strange feeling thnt comes over one  when  the fact -begins  to dawn .upon  him that his search for work is a failure.  He looks in the glass and he sees  a strange degeneration in his own appearance.  "*>  Walk in and examine our ChriBtnnis  goods. Invest 60 cents and secure' a  ticket for our drawing. You may secure one of the ton beautiful prizes.  DAWDSON BROS.  Choice  walnuts,   two  pounds for  25  cents.   At The City -Grocery.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods nre  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Se.ittle Rainier hcor,5cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our SOc rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  PARIS GREEN, i HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale 'by the McDowell, Atkins, Watson Company, The  Drujrgists.'^ancouver.  P. 0. BOX 29C. "PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan e> Co.,  Wholebaie Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands:  MONOGRAM, -MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vnncouver, B. C.  -*m  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOH  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, W. J. Lamrick; secretary, T. H  Cross; financial secretary, W. J. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; . statistician, W.  McKtssook; sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday in  each month, at 7.30 p.m., ln Union hall,  corner Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to'  Health when you use  the '  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  Take your stand not, in vision, but .in  Uie body.   You hear Rig'Ben strike two  In the morning.  The moon shines clear  on the Thames, and lights up the stone  work of the embankment.   Look at the  spectacle whlcli a. Christian civilization  presents to -a South Sea Islander, to a  Mohammedan, and to a Buddhist! Look  amd sec the fruits of our present industrial system.    Theie on  the. stone  abutments which afford a. slight protection from the 'biting wind tire scores of  men  lying side  by side, 'huddled   together for warmth, without nny covering save their own. rags.    Some have  laid down a few pleoes of paper by way  of taking the chill off the stones, but  the most nre too tired even for thnt,  an4  their  toilet consists of  removing  their hats,  and  wrapping round  thslr  'heads any old'nig that serves the, purpose of a handkerchief.   There Ithey He,  and some call them waifs, others call  them wrecks, others call them tramp?,  others -call  them  the    unwashed���but  everyone of these names la more of a  disgrace to us than they are to them,  for if Hie world had ibeen right, If a  true system of brotherhood) (had been  to' existence, everyone ol these would  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. ISO-President,  G. W. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H. Lc��-  gatt; corresponding - financial secretary,  D. aP. Johnson, 163 Hastings St. East:  recording secretary, C. D. Morgan;  treasurer, J. A. Davidson; guide, J. A.  Stewart; guardian, ,E. Morgan; delegates  lo T. & L. Council: G. XV. Isaacs. Meets  flrst and ' third Wednesdays of each  month   in   Union   Hall.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Rrien's Hall, the first ana  third Tucbdavs of each month. * T. A.  Phillip, president; W. J. Lamrick, secretary, 24S Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 112, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President.  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; ��� conductor, 'F.  Burt; warden, John Llnklater.  WOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 28. President, Chns  Over; vice-piMsident. W. XV. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.30 p. ro. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.  No 226 meet the last Sunday ln eacta  month at Union hall. President, C. S  C.impbell; vice-president, George Wllbv:  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. 0. box 6!:  treasurer. W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E  Ii. Woodruff. 6. R. Robb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt Todd,  J.  H.  Browne.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. IB-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday in ,  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretaiy, E.  Tin-.mlns, 72G Hamilton street: financial  secretary, J. H. McVety,' 1211 Seymour  street. ,  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION.  No. 2. Meets In Lnbor Hnll, Homer  streets every first and third Saturday In -  each month at 8 p. m. Ernest Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, 517 Harris street.  STREET   RAILWAY   MEN'S   UNION  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John Frizzell: secretary, A. G,  Perry; treasurer, H. Vandcrwalker: conductor, Ed. Manning: warden, D. Smith;  sentinel, T. Dubbcrley: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton. Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A. McDonald.  LTD.  >  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  gAN&IJlftN  t--a- ;.7vR/*c:rFi*e7  and  PACIFBC  LINE  World'*  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth Thursday in Union  Hall, room No. 8. President. G. Dobbin:  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair: recording  secretary, W. T. MaoMullen; financial  secrotary." H. S. Falconer: treasurer, J.  Fergoison: conductor. R. MacKenzie; warden, J. MoLeod: delegates to T. and L.  council, Robt. Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. .'Sinclair.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND OCKN-  iFECTIONEKS' International Union of ���  America. Local No 40. Vancouver, Bl  C. President, James Webster: vice-president, J. XV. Wilkinson; recording secretary, Murdo MacLoan, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretnrv, H. McMuliin.  Toronto Candy Co.: treasurer. - XV. - A.  Woods, S55 Ninth Ave*, Mt' Pleasant; ,  corresponding secretary, F. Hawllngs,  Barnwell Bros., Granville .,street; mas-  to T. & L. Council: G. W. Isaacs. Meets  first and third Wednesdays of enclt  month In Union Hall. .   CIGARMAKERS' UNION |NO_ 357���  Meets the flrst Tuesday in each month  ln Union Hall. President,. A. Koehel;  vice-president, P. Crowder; secretary."  G. Thomas, Jr., MS Cordova street -west;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Lahor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  G Nelson. i  BROTHERHOOD OF IVAINTERS AN1D  DECORATORS, Local Union No.-138,  Meets every Thursday In Labor HalL  President W. Pavier: vice-president, E.  Crush: - secretary, C. Tinder, 1739 Eighth  avenue, Falrview; treasurer, H. MeSorley. '   *���   -  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION'OP  AMERICA, 'No. 178-3Ieets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. > Presi-.  dent, F. Williams, vice-president, Mlsa  Graham; recording secretary, H. O.  Burritt; financial secretary, Walfrefl  Larson; treasurer, C E. Nellson; str-  g��ant-at-arms, A. J. Kennedy.'        ��  i if win  LOWEST RATES,   .     BEST SERVICE.  To all point! In Canada and the United BtttM.  THE FA8TB8T AKD BEST EQUIPPBD TBAIf  CR088IKG THE CONTINENT.  ���ULiMsa roa jiiu* aud csiha.  EmpreM ot Chin*  Dee. 2  TarUr.../ Dee. 16  Enpreniof India..' ;.'....Dec. w  and erery lour weeka thtraalter.  aaiLixo roa boholclo and awt*aua.  Miowera Dec V  Aorargl Jan 10  Moanb Fab 7  and every (ouctredu thereafter.  For further particulara u to turn ratal ett  apply to  E. J. COYUE, ��� . >' JAKES 80LATER,  A.Q.F.A., TietotAfeat,  VaaeoaTtf��� B.O.        *m Hcstlnca m.,  Vtatoant, B. 0.  $uf��|>_.y  From Tbelr Nanalmo, bonthdeld and  FrotccttoB Iilano ^llieriei,  Steam, Gas and  House Coal  Of tbe Following Gradei;  Doublo BofMiwd Lump,  Before You   ;i:  Oo Away    -  I for -your Christmas holidays._rlng_  "    up 3-4-6"and we will send for your  ���bundle. .    - ,  Your linen will not only bo a.  source'of comfort and satisfaction  to you, but will .be the envy of your  friends.  If you like the HIGH GLOSS wo  oui glvo It to you. or If you prefer  the MEDIUM GLOSS or DULL  FINISH you can have cither ��� tell  uh your choice. Wo guarantee to  satisfy youi  PIONEER  Run ofittM.MIn*!  lNi  Washed 1  !ut'sr>d   *-  I .��, *  BAM DEL 1(. BOBIKB, Baptrlntcadtat.  EVANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Af*Bta,  Vancouver City, B. C.  DELICIOUS WINE  Made KicuntvuY "to* B. C. Fkvit.  FBK8H CUT FLOWERS   UNION'-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip around the  Parte call oa  w.D.*joo��ftBT-i&,rt  HC���BtMHOBBMMBQ  PnoNK 340.910 - 914 Richaum St  Downtown Okfick, No, 4 Arcads.  WlflTC 1ABOS ONLY.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Head<jnarter��tort_i��en��tneerin�� trade  in VancoOTar.  CHOICEST���^^  Liquors and Cigars  Flrrt-claaaiwwcafNmMeentauf.  R. HURRY   .   -   ,  i'JXi  ���"���I  r   -v*'V ... -?--ut  SP1LLIM THE SALT  THE ORIGIN   OF AN   OLD AND VERY  , COMMON SUPERSTITION.  Some of the Ancient SlRma and  Omens That Still Hold Sway Over  Mankind ��� Breaking a Looklntf  Glnsa and the Croaalnff of Knlvea.  , There is a "wherefore" for all things,  even for those "sigus, omens, superstitions," which some men call frivolous  and foolish. Some men object to walking  under a ladder. Well, is there not the  dnnger of the ladder falling on you or of  the man at work on it (hopping Ills paint  pot or bis soapsuds on you? It is regarded as 11 sign of bad luck to cross  knives nt tuble. This superstition came  about In this wise. The original knife was  nothing else but a dagger which men  woro in their belts, renily for carving tlio  mutton or tboir acquaintances. The crossing of blades meant a fight, and It is no  wonder that women found crossed knivea  a sign suggestive of misfortune.  Spilling the salt or.ce meant tlio worst  of bad luck, and toilny thine are many  people wlio throw a piuch over their left  shoulder "to break the charm" if thej  happen to tip over the saltcellar. Salt  was until recently an expensive article  and a dear necessity. So important was  it that' the finding of salt wells in Cheshire', England, first brought the merchants  of Europe into savage Hritiiin and led to  the civilization of the island. The very  phrase "worth his salt" means vroith his  biliary, und the word balary itself means  "salt money."  Because it was so important nucient  usage placed the saltbox in the. middle of  the table so that It might be within icaeh  of all. The "gimtles" but above the salt  and the "simples" lieloiv it. In the regalia in the Tower of London the saltcellar  is oue of the most gorgeous pieces, being  built like a castle of silver and heavily  gilded. Such being the importance of the  saltbox the upsetting nf it was something more thnn nn accident, lt was an  event, aud, being bail luck in itself, soon  came to bo regarded as a sign of bail  luck.  Some trace the beginning of the super-  Btition to the picture ot "The Lust Supper," by Leonardo da Vinci, in which  painting the saltcellar is represented as  overturned. But the superstition is older  than the picture, and it was undoubtedly  because o_;tbe superstition tlint Leonardo  so depicted the suit in his celebrated  painting.  To break a looking glass is regarded in  some households as a sure sign of death  in the family. The supeistition regarding  the looking glass came about in this way.  Before theie were any pool bouses thrio  were plenty of old women, poor and  friendless and long past the age when  they could make their living by manual  labor. But thoy knew the world nml the  credulity mid the passions of mankind.  They also knew the herbs of the Held und  the garden which were possessed of medicinal virtues, nnd so between thcir  knowledge of medicine und their knowledge of the human heart they managed to  make-a living by selling simple remedies  for the body and dealing out advice,  prophecies and spells for the mind.  "If you have n proud foe to make  tracks," if you melt a rich uncle in wax,"  or if yon had the stomach ache, all you  had to do was to cull in one of these  "wise women," .as they were termed.  Sometimes tho "wise woman" got too  wise and was drowned or burned as a  witch. Hers was a" perilous business, but  the only oue by which the poor old hag  could make a living. If you wanted to  get rid ot an enemy in those days, you  celled in tho local practitioner of witchcraft and told her your symptoms. Then  she made n little imago of wax or a rag  doll, which vvas named from the person  whom you desired to "get off the earth."  Set the image by the fire, and as it melted away bo would your enemy or your  rich uncle pine away and die. Stick pins  In the rag doll, anil the objectionable one  would suffer the pains of "pins und needles." Smash the doll to pieces, and tho  hated or superlluous oue would meet  with n violent und sudden death.  Another bchool of witchcraft held that  a surer way to smash an enemy was w  break n looking glass into which the  hated one had just gazed. It must be done  before bis image had vanished from the  surface of the glass and with proper incantations, but was held to he mire effectual than wax dolls and rag babies. Hence  the superstition regarding tbe bi caking of  a looking glass.  Why does a horseshoe bring good luck.'  One explanation of (ho use of this prosaic  piece of ironmongery as a talisman is  that the Russian peasants used to paint  outside their doors a picture of tbe Blessed Virgin. The halo aroutid the head  they gilded. The rains and snows washed off the paint eventually, but tbe gilding remained iu the bhape of a horseshoe,  and the peasants regarded it with the  same reverence as tliey bad the whole  picture. From Ilussin the trnveleis  brought stories of the peasants having  horseshoes at tlieir doors as a protection  ��� ngainst-evil fortuno.uud so.the_supersti__  tion of the horseshoe spread over the  world.  The other explanation, and probnbly  the true one, is thnt tbe symbol is of a  far more ancient origin. The Oieeks nnd  the Itonwns who pinned tlieir fuilh to the  goddess Diana used to wear us n symbol  of tlieir loyalty to the divine huntress her  symbol of the crescent moon. As tbe  ages rolled the crescent becuiue a horse.-  shoe. One is nt liberty to accept either of  these explanations or to reject both of  them, but whatever the origin of tlie..belief In the lim wfclioc us a portent or go-id  .luck, whether It'be the symbol of: the  heathen goddess Diana or of- tho Chris-  tlon Virgin. I here nre hundreds of thousands of people throughout the world  who would "never lake the borsi'Blioc  fiom the door." < ,,. ,  c Among the Italian" a Horseshoe Is supposed lo be a'protection ugaltiNt'the'evil  eye, nnd when tliey feel lu need of such  au amulet nud lmve not n linrs.shn.  'bandy.tbey point'out with the little linger  nml the llrsi linger, tucking away the second nnd third lingers under the thumb  nnd.thus making a passable smt of  horseshoe of llie bnnd. Tliey always do,  this in the rtii.il districts of Italy when  tbey meet an Englishman, a mun witli, a  suupshot cumera or anything else doubtful.  ^,.���,�� ,, '" j   A Good Filler.., _' *,       ���]  r" ''Jowne��� Blow'itz 'is* certainly,-"n  bet tec  campaign orator tbau Wyudhnni i.s.       ���-  Browne-^l ' don't   'see   miich    choice.:  ^JThere's   nothing  new  or, intPjipsting  in,  "itiiaf either or them cver'htis'tn say.   -  Towne��� I   know,   but   Blovvitz   takes  lancer to say it-  One Wcj- to Coll a 21am.  The following is the recipe of the famous John Chamberlln of Washington  for boiling a ham:  "To boil a ham a la Chamberlin, tbe  night before put tbo bam in a tub of  cold water. fleshy part downward; skin  part up. Next morning put the ham in  a large kettle or pot of cold water to  boll. Let tho water get hot gradually  nnd continue to cook the ham lu a slow  boll, scarcely move than n simmer. At  the eml of live hours tnke the hum out,  throw the water out of the pot and till  it with fresh cold water. Put the bam  back immediately and let it simmer or  boll slowly live hours more. Then uild,  according to tiie size of your purse, n  gallon of vinegar or u gallon of elmot  or burgundy or champagne; then simpler or boll for three houis more. Then  take the limn o(T, skin It nud put In a  cool place. Next morning trim It and  eat when you nre ready.  "To prevent the hum from tearing or  the water suddenly boiling too fast It  Is always safe to sew a piece of cotton  cloth tightly aiouud tbe ham so as to  lit us close as a glove. This will keep  the ment firm and guard npjiiiist the  neglect of tlio cook in letting the water  boll too fnsi."  A Clever Woman's Anawer.  "Do you not consider your husband  the most graceless sinner in existence''"  This question vvas asked the wife ot  n guy Lothario b.v n rival for his affections while playing a game culled "cm-  dor."  The stillness became Intense and  overy pair of eyes grew rounder as  those present looked from one woman  to the other. It vvas the husband's  voice that broke the silence.  "Your question is out of order, Beatrice," he said quietly. "It is a rule  laid down in courts of law that a woman is not required to testily against  her husband."  In the confusion that followed ns the  game broke up the mun sought his  wife's side. "What should you have  replied to tlie query of the fair Beatrice  if 1 hud not come to your rescue so  neatly?" lie demanded.  "I should have said you were a sinner, yes, but n graceful rather than a  graceless one."  Sloiv lint Inexorable JaMlce.  In October, 1000. Pietro Ginconi and  Marie Uonelli were tried at Home on  n charge of sextuple murder by poisoning committed 31 years before. In  England Eugene A ruin was hanged for  the murder of Clarke 14 yours after the  offense.' A man named llorne was executed for the murder of his child in  the eighteenth century no less than 33  years after the offense. There is also  the well known ease of Governor Wall,  who wns executed in 1S02 for n murder committed lu ITS'.'. Sliervyard wus  banged at Norwich for the murder of  bis wife after a lapse of 20 years.  But Sir FitzjiiiiiL-s Stephens recalls  ���what ls the most remarkable case of  all. He prosecuted as counsel for tho  crown in 1S0I5 :i man wlio was charged  witli stealing a leaf from a parish register CO years before���that is, in 1S03.  In this case tlio prisoner was acquitted.  Tf��&��ml��slon of Soand.  A striking example ��� of: the magical  effects capable of being produced by  any one conversant with the laws of  sound was shown by the late Professor  Tyndnll in one of-his lectures. He  placed on the iloor of tbe room an ordinary guitar. No cue was near, and yet  some uiisceii bnnd drew sweet music  from it so that all could bear. Tbe  guitar vvas replaced b.v a harp, -with  the same result. A wooden tray was  then substituted, and even froru that  Issued mysterious harmonics.  The marvelous effect was simply due  to the sound condi.ctliigqiisilltyof wood.  In a room beneath and separated by  two lloors was n piano, ami connecting  the rooms wns it tin tube containing a  deal rod, the end of which emerged  lroni the Hour. The rod was clasped  b.v rubber bands so us to close the tube,  and the lower end of tlie rod then  rested ou the sound board of the piano.  As the guitar rested upon the upper  end of tlie rod the sounds were reproduced from tbe piano, und when the  bound board of the liurp was placed on  the rod lt seemed as though the actual  notes of tho burp were heard, the notes  of the plitno being so like those of tbe  burp.  As the professor said, "An uneducated person might well believe that  witchcraft was used In tlie production  of this music."���Wliuuibers' Journal.  OCEAN STEAMSHIPS;  HOW   THEY   ARE   MADE   READY   TO  MEET MISHAFS AT SEA.  The _ftrenf.<_t of n Slinrk.  Given special advantages, such as  that of holding the end of a stout rope  at the other extremity of which is a  hook fixed in n shark's mouth, man  may, with the assistance of a number  of his fellows, have the best of the  shark. But alone and in the water the  advantage Is wholly and absolutely tiie  other way, und tbe strongest swimmer  and the bravest heart fall when the  tyrant of the sea seeks to make his acquaintance.  The shark ls a creature gifted with  great strength, a savage temper, dogged perseverance and exceptional power of jaw. The lion and tiger may  mangle, the crocodile may lacerate, the  bulldog may hold fast���the shark alone  of llvlug creatures possesses tbe power  of nipping on. a human limb at a clean  bite. '   Gender of the Sword.  Among the many curious notions obtaining among tlie different races using  tho sword may be noted tbe gender of  the weapon. In the north of Europe it  was either masculine, as in Britain, or  neuter, as lu Germany, while iu the  south It wns uullormly, feminine.; Its  force aud cruelty appealed to the northern mind. Its prncu and:elegance attracted the warriors of the hunny south,  It typified to the oue strength,,to the  other dignity.���Exchange. '   .  A Fur Look.  Three vlsltois traveling in the Isle  of Mtiu thought tbey would visit Snne-  fell, the king of Manx mountains.  When walking up toward the mouu-  tiuu. they e&pli'd au old shepherd coining toward tliem. Tliey thought they  would take a rise out of lilm, so oue  accosted him, saying:  "They toll ine, old ninn, you can see  England, Scotland. Ireland and even  as far as Ameilca from the top of this  mountain."  "Oh, yes," said the old man. "If  you will come with me, I will show  you much further than America."  So, chuckling to themselves, tbey decided to follow lilm. After trudging  for about half an hour up the mountain side In a boiling sun tliey began  to feci rather fagged and kept asking  the shepherd bow much further tbey  bad to go.  He kept urging them on n little further until nt lust the three visitors  lay down on the grass and said they  would go no further for any sight.  "Now," said the old man, "If you  will sit here long enough you will see  the moon."  The Tnnnlnx Procesa.  The slowness of the process of fanning ls largely due to the ililliculty witli  which the tannin penetrates Into the  bide. As the penetration progresses  the outer part of the hide becomes converted Into leather and Is I hereby made  Impervious: consequently the rate of  penetration decreases. Months of soaking in tho tan pit are therefore necessary for thick hides. Many attempts  have Been made to hasten this absorption of tunnlii b.v hide. The methods  used include circulating the tan liquor  so that fresh portions nro continually  presented to the hide, forcing the liquid  through the bide by pressure and using  strong aqueous extracts of tauuing materials.  It has been sought to attain the same  object by passing a current of electricity through the vat in which tlie hides  are suspended. One such process,bus  been found lo shorten the time of tanning to ti quarter of that iicccsury  when no ctiircnt Is used, and the leather is said to be unexceptionable.���Electrical Review.  The Enklmoa.  The old tradition-that the Eskimos  aro a people of small stature is without foundatiou. On the contrary, in  Labrador, Baliin Land and all around  Hudson bay the height of the men is  probably above rather than below the  uvciugo of the human race; but, as a  rule, the women, although very strong,  are considerably shorter than the men.  They nre brave. Industrious, piovident  and communicative, in nil of which  characteristics they contrast with the  northern tribe of Indians.,  , Poor Meekton.  "Henrietta," said Mr. MeeUton, "do  you remember 'the moonlit evening  when I nsked.you to marry me?"  "I trust." Leonidas. thai yon ure not  going to become sentimental and silly."  "Not a bit of it. But I often recall  the occasion with Inteiest. I can never quite understand how 1 managed to  talk so familiarly to you without seeming Impertinent."  All Cork.  "There goes a man with two corlt  legs. You'd never think It, would you?"  "Go away! Didn't.I just'fioe lilm  running awopB.llie-street like n deer to  catch that street car? Lie cotildu't do  that with corlc* legs, could lie?"  "Certainly. If. as happens to be the  case, be  was  born  In Cor!:.  Timely Warning. i  Proprietor���1 am siitlsllctl with yon/  work. Pusher, mid I wiU^lse youi  salary/from $30 to $1_" a,week; b.it.  mind, that'does not mean-thm you  must go and get married' on .the  Btrengtb of It. ,.r,',  Written Chinese is practically on;-  form tbioughout the cnnplie and fliii*  hard!? altered flurlug t,lie wbol?.course  of'"Chinese1 hrstory.'1''T_i(.'f��!;[JOl;pi] 'ln:i-  'guage.'.oU'the other band, is cvjdskiu'J.i  chanting.  A Wonderful Uclio.  Many 'wonderful echoes are known,  but tbe one which takes the first place  seems to be tbat of tbe old' palace of  Slmonetta, near Milan.' which forms  three sides of a quadrangle.. The report of a pistol Is said to be repeated  by. this 'echo 00 times, and Addison,  who visited the place on n somewhat  foggydayrwhen-tbe air was unfavorable, counted d(i repetitions. At first  tliey were quick,'-but , the Intervals  were greater in proportion as tbe sound  diminished.  A Corn Plaster.  A medical publication gives the following formula for a corn plaster:  Take of purified ammonia and yellow  wax, eaeli two ounces; acetate of copper, six drams; melt the tworUrst'together ovcr the fire, arid" after removing from, the ure, add the verdigris  just before'lt grows cold. Spread the  mixture on soft leather or linen, pare  away the corn and apply the plaster.  Keep It oh a fortnight nud then renew  It. i      *   . ��� ��� ��� j,   ���.   . .,(!  ChanKlnar tbe Subject.  ��� ,An original method of closing o conversation was adopted by a host at,a  dinner party the,oilier duy^ 'A young  ,man had tinned It to a topic which bo  ^lld not care to discuss, and angry  fiances railed to make any Impression.  "Now, then," said tbe host at last,  "lot's change the conversation'.' ;For  ���what we have received,'" etcu���London  'Globe. \  i  ��� ��� n    1 'J _  -.    -,;:-. -'patience.' '*���''   ' > '  \^  ]  Her'Mother���You must,be patient  with Wm,-... i..��.-i v    '" "'���'''  '-'Tha.Brlde-Oli, I aa-.ttap*-** lt will  (take time for bim to see that ho can't  tare hi* own way-���Puck.  The Life Saving Outflli Thnt Are  Carried by the Atlantic Llnera.  Pnraplicrnalln Required ny Law.  1'honK Who Die at Sea.  Going down to the sea in ships is gen-  ernlly regarded.as risky business. Even,  persons who would tuke their lives in  their own hands nre squeamish about putting them into other persons' hands. This  MliiciunNliiH'ss doesn't keep many of  them iislmrr, but it makes most men, and  piohahly all women, wish they knew how  innuy lifeboats stood between thein and  a wattiy gruve.  When the manager of one of the lines  of ocean steumeis was asked what prcpi-  i.'itinn his company makes for saving passenger? iu case of accident, he said:  "In the lust place, we don't expect to  hnve nu accident."  "But if you do?"  "Then we have lifeboats, life proserv-  eis, life rafts, lifelines and all the paia-  i plieinnliu leciuired by law. Our steam-  eis sail between New Yolk and nu English pott a ml are therefoie subject to the  regulations of the Biitlsh board of trado  as well as to the American rules. In order to clear a vessel currying passengers  fuim a British port wc must be inspected  or sm ieyed by the British surveyois befoie vie can get n ceililicute. This bus to  be done before eveiy departure from their  ports. That means vve are surveyed* by  their inspectors every few weeks. When  taut takes place, all our fire apparatus is  examined, and vve hnve to go through a  pint of the bout drill. A certain number  of the lifeboats ure swung overboard to  show that tha davits aio in woiking order,  and one of them is loweied to the water.  "We used to have drills ut sea. but  that iiiennt that the whole ship's company  must appear on deck. The firemen came  up in their iinilershiits or without them,  ns the ease might be. Tlie stewards, the  clinks, the butcher, and the baker, nnd  the ���.eiillion���eveiyboily tinned out. It  wasn't whnt you might cull a dress parade, and we gave it up. Drills nie hud in  poit now. We hnve lifeboats with a cur-  r.ving capacity of 1,500. although vve rnie-  ly hnve more than 1.300 or 1,400 souls  ubniiid. When vve hnve cnnieil over  1,500 out from England, we put on rafts  for the balance."  A big ocean steamer carries a whole  lleet of lifeboats. Here is the list of the  bouts corricd by one of the German  steamers: Ten steel boats of a capacity  of .V_!0 cubic feet each, two steel bonis ot  'IHO cubic feet each, twelve collapsible  bouts of 304 cubic feet each and two  wooden ones of V24 and 135 cubic feet io-  speetivi-ly. Tho cubic capacity of a' bout  is of interest because upon that depends  tlie number of persons it can enrry. Ac-  couling to the law in this country, the  carrying capacity of it lifebont on un  ocean vessel i.s found b.v multiplying the  cubic capacity by six nnd dividing the result by ten. According to this rule, each  of the largest steel boats above mentioned  would be allowed to enrry thirty-one pus-  songeis. As a mutter of fart, they are exported to cany fifty or sixty.  The lifeboats aie nlvvrys ready for use.  They uie not elaborately stocked, but  eueli one entries a certain list of articles  stowed away so us to economize space as  much ns possible. _ Each boat contains  two ensks of water, a case of ship biscuit,  nine ours, extra oarlocks, snil ami mast,  fireworks foi' making signals .if distress,  lumps, oil, bont compnss,.axcs, rope lad-  ler with wooden'rungs, bailers and plugs  fer stopP'Uig leaks.  The 'hipping regulations in thi.s conn  tiy requite nn nnnunl inspection of steumeis wl-ich "must be made only on writ ten  application" by the owner, muster or nil-  thoii-.ei! ngent. Our shipping laws nre  modeled un those of Great Biituiii. but in  this respect nre considerably less rigni-  ous. We have no inspector to see that  tlicie is a fire drill or that the life saving appliances are ever tested, except  once a year "on written application."  The certificate then issued Is good until  the ne\t annual inspection. As for the  ill ills, theie is a law requiring tliem to  Hike place once n week, and the fact that  the drills are held to he entered in the logbook. Excellent law. If the drill i' always held and lecordeil nnd the busy in.  specter looks through the logbook /or the  whole year nnd ���..���uislics himself thnt it is  nil there, then the excellent luw is most  excellently obseiveil.  Heie is the I.iitish regulation for tlie  inspection of steumeis carrying passengers fiom Biitish pints: "A ship shall not  clear outwurd or piocecd to sen on any  voyage unless bhe hns been surveyed under direction of the immigration ollicer ai  the port of clearance, but nt the expense  ot the owner or charterer thereof, by  two or more competent surveyors, to be  appointed, etc. The survey shnll be made  before nny portion of the enrgo is tnken  on bonrd, except so much as may be  necessary for ballasting the ship and such  portion, if laden ou board, shall be shifted  if ree.'.iiied by the surveyors."  While the proportion of passengers lost  nt sea is remarkably small, the proper-  Jiou_of those who die at sea is still sniiil]-  er. Obscuie persons unnccniiipuuiril by  friends ure lecominendcd not to shufile nh*  I heir mortnl coil on shipbonrd unless they  have a funcy for being buried at sea.  Steerage passengers who die���and they  form the majority of those who do���nre  always buried at sea and In very short  order too.   ���  In the case of cabin passengers It nil  depends on circumstances.' All stcamcis  carry one special collin, but r.s a general  tiling only one. This can be hermetically  seuled uud would be used for bringing  into port the body nf any one of espcclul  consequence or of any one accompanied  by friends who objected to a burial at sen.  If n man was not well known and was  unaccompanied by friends,, his body  would not be carried to port unless the  ship was only n dny'or two from landing.  The steamship man who gnve this Information said it was rnther u delicate question whether a coipse had any rights,  lie did not know whether the friends of  a person who had been burled nt sea  would have a right to protest because his  body had not been brought to them. Tho  captain's word is luw aboard ship, and if  he chose to bury anybody who had died  be would fi'obubly be within his rigbts.-  ^ Foiled.  "ITnir'singed',' sir?" tho barber said,  witli n rising inilection. ' <  ,;'W,Iint good does it do.to singe Jt?" do-  mantled Mr...Tyte-Phist.      , ,.  ,;'',   ,]  "flukes it "grow better."    '"'   *'   ' '  |  1' "So'you ca'u'g'et to cut it'oftener, hey?"  sifiJ'.-Mr.' Tyte-lUilst .fiercely..-."No,, sir!  It grows too bluuied well now!"���Chicago  Tribune.  HER WAY.  Ejer?   *5'cll, no, her eyes ain't much!    .  Guess jou seen a lot o' such���  Sort o' Binull nu' liluey-grey,  'T uln't her eyes���It's Jest her wny��.  Knlr uln't blnek, nor even lirown';   '  tint no gold upon her ciown;  sort o' ashy, 1 Elioulit my,  T ain't her hair���it's Jest her way.  "f nln't lier month���her mouth ls wide.  :<ort o' runs from side to s.ile;  See 'ein hotter cv'ry day,  'A uln't her mouth���her mouth la wide,  Nose 1 reckon's notliln' groat,  Couldn't even swenr it's straight;  'l-'uet, 1 feel I'm free to suy  'T tuln't her nose���It's Jost her way.  rigger's plnln: io:np'e\lon's red;  tint uo st.ile, I've heiiril It sulci:  Never li-niueil to slug or pl.iy,  I_r parley Kreueli���it's jest her wiy.  Uive lier?   Well, I giWJS I dol  I.o\o hor mighty fond nml true;  l.ove her lietter cv'ry ilny;  Dumiu why���It's Ji-st  her ivny.  ���miuihctli   Sylvester.  IN L. VE-IDER LAND.  The  I'rnerniic   Hiu-o-t   In   tlio   Shire   of  surroy, in   l-n;;!''"'!'  Only ten miles from London lies  Lavender land. Olnnous patches of  purple flowers bulbing in bright Sur-  ley sunshine seem to make tlie air  heavy with their sweet, old-fashioned .scent for miles around, .lust  now they lire busy in Lavender land  gathering in tlie 'season's harvest.  Tho inhabitants of tho little Village  of Wellington ��� upon which the  miintlo ot Mitchniii, ' formerly tlio  ccntic of the industry, bus fallen ���  are cutting thn purple blossoms nnd  miikinu; them into sheaves. From  the' fields the hheaves of lavender aro  t.iken to thu gre.it distillcrv which  stands within thn flower-laden garden of _lliss yprulcs, tbo lady lavender farmer who has done so much  for the revival of the local industry.  Years ago. when Miss Sprules first  began its cultivation, the local lavender was in n bail way. A succession of s-evcro viniteis with killing .spring frosts had almost exterminated tlie once-fniiious lavender of  Mitcliitm and the neighborhood, and  the foiciguer wns pouring his inferior scenls' into the'English market.  Now the industry has become again  a large and important one, and in  spite of the encroachments of tbo  builder, which have nlrendy driven  llie lavender from Milclmm und aro  thi oat ening it in the neighboring villages of Carsluilton. Wallington, and  llcddineton, there is enough of It  grown in the district to lust for  ninny  a vear.  Thu old London streot cry is almost (lead. In but few places now  cull the old. familiar call. "Sweet  In vendor," bring back to memory Iho  days when the use of tho flower and  its scent was almost universal  among the women of Knglund. But  in spite of this the sale of the Knglish lavender is again increasing,  thanks largely. no doubt, to tho  pntronngc of tho lute Queen. Lavender in branches, lavender in bags,  oil of lavender. salts of lavender,  lavender disinfectant, nnd lavender  w.iter���nil are being sent away in  (planthies from (lie little cluster-of  Surrey villages.���London Express.  Mr ^     M. ( onnii\.  . Sir William Marlon Conway, who  has heer elected Professor of Fino  Art, Cambridge, is alieady eminent  lis n lcctrior on tlint subicct, holding, as he dues. the Chair of Art  and University College, Liverpool;  but it is probably us si nioiiiitniiiccr  that bo is best known. In 1S92 ho  was in tne Himalayas, where ho  climbed a peak 2:1.000 feet high. In  1-Sill lie traversed the Alps from end  lo end. and in 1S0G-07 ho exploicd  the evtorior of Spitzberiren. In 1S!>8  he explored and surveyed the Bolivian Andes, nsriniding Sorntn. THi-  niuni, nnd nlso Aconcagua. -Ho hns  written largely, alike upon mountaineering; and upon nrt. his chief  works upon his professional subject  including "Tbe Artist!c Pevclopincnt  of Reynolds nnd Guinsborouch,"  "Early Flemish Arlisls." "The  IVnndcutttu-s of the Netherlands."  "Tln> Literary Hcmn'ns of Albrocht  Duror," and other works. TTe has  been a university extension lecturer  for ("inrnlirldi'e. Sir Morton was  bor\ nt, Ilnrheslnr. in 1S52. nnd is  the son of the llev. Wm. Conway,  ration of Westminster. Rcpton.is  bis school, nnd Trinity, Cambridge,  his college.       , | -, ;  '     ,        * ,,Mln��"  *'r��.   Up  *��� ,-t.  The relit Blue tells a story illustrative of the ".slinincs.s" of Mrs.  TJeuut. An English ollicer was  pointing out .to her how impossible  it was for her husband to escape tho  cordon of, troops which was drawn  "round" lilm. As-Mrsr**l.eivct_secmed  unable to understand him, the olllcer  placed n dnrcu eggs in u. circle ' on  the table, with a half-crown in tho  middle. The eggs, bo explained,  pointing to himself, wero the English; the coin, point ing to a portrait  of Dewot on tlie wall, was her elusive husband. It wus nn excellent  object-lesson, nud it was perfectly  successful. "I see," said the simple  Dutch woman, in excellent English  "But wliere ( i.s Ilewet?" 'And tho  half-crown hud,disappeared! >  Aliirim-il Ov*r *->. I'iiiiI'n Condition.  The public alnrm concerning tho  romlillon of St. Paul's Cathedral,  says a cablegram from London, is  becoming intense, as experts report  thai the, settlements of tlio .foundations is due to a scries of dry summers, which huve caused the London  clay, on which the national Cathc-  (-1-111*1 is'built, to crumble. H is estimated thai th.e cost of underpinning the fabric will be SI,000,000,  for which a public subscription is to  be started.  FIVE LITTLE FOXE&  An  lrlnli vtfitti,  Tho Boer Commandant, lVolmar^  mis, writing' about the fight at  Bronkburst . Sprint, mentions tlio  bravery , of Private Doolan of tho  Constabulary. i Fifteen Boers surrounded hi in and demanded that" ho  surrender, -noolnii replied: "Ilivil a  surrender!'{ft and-kiHod four Boars'  before bo wns wounded, mortally, it  le believed.  Among my tender vlnea I ��py ��� -' -  A MtUt (ox Mined���By and By..  Then set upon him quick, I say,.  Tba avrlft young,hunter���Right Away.  Around each tender vine I plant  1 find the littlo toi���I Can't,  Then, fas* ��i ever hunter ran,    ,*  Chase him vrlth bold and brave���I Cafe  No iin In trying���laffa and whinca  This fox among my tender vines.  Then drive him loir and drhe lilm high.  With this good hunter, named���I'll Try.  Among the Tines ln my small lot  Cretpa In the young tox���I Forgot.  Then hunt him out and to his pen.  With���I Will Not r-wgot Again.  A little fox Is hidden thero  Among my vines, named���I Don't Carr.  Then let I'm Sorry���hunter true���  Chase lilm afar from vines and >ou-  \ SMALL CALIBER RIFLES.  now They Mny Tie Kept Clean Wit*  a Suulrt of Water.  "Now, I'll tell you something tllat  will save you the trouble and expense  of bringing this gun to nie again," snld  the expert gunsmith to the owner of  a .22 caliber magazine rifle, the barrel  of which had become so foul that It  would not shoot true.  "The rifles of this gun are not leaded. They arc simply caked up vvitli  powder. All small caliber rifles get  tbut way when ordinary, soft bullet*  nie shot out of them. This caked powder Is as hard,us steel, and If I ���were  to .try to get It out with Instruments I  would ruin several dollars' worth of  tools. Water Is the thing to use. Water Is the greatest solvent known, but  very few people, particularly people  vv bo handle guns, seem to appreciate it  They nearly always try to clean their  gun barrels with oil when water will  do the work twice as well.  "Vou use this rifle mostly for shooting frogs, don't you? I thought so.  Hint Is what most men use a .22 caliber for. And you sometimes shoot It  several hundred times a day. nnd you  find lt too much trouble to wipe It out  every fow shots. Ain't I right? I knew  It. Now. let me tell you what to do.  Get a small syringe that you can carry  in your vest pocket, nnd after every  ten or twelve shots squirt a syrlngeful  of water Into the barrel of your gun  from the breech, then shoot a cartridge  out of lt while lt Is wet. If you will  follow tills plan, you pan shoot your  gun 10,000 times and never need to  clean it. The water softens tbe powder  that has accumulated in the rifles anil  the bullet forces It out.  "Use plenty of water In the barrel ot  your rltle. very little oil In the lock,  and never under any circumstances put  coal oil lu the works, and you will save  yourself much vexation and always  have a smooth working gun."  Anecdote of Sims Rcc.tcs,  ' An operatic singer tells tlie following  little known ac.cdote relating to tho-  lato Mr. Sims Reeves: About the middle of the sixties, while the eminent  tenor wus living in a hotel of a town  on tlio south const, he made a vvagcr  with another guest that he would black  1:1s face, proceed to the beach und 6lng  ii few of' the songs which hud mado  lilm famous without recognition. Sims  l.eeves duly disguised himself and rendered to a sparse audience "Tom Bowling," "My Pretty Jane," etc.; but,  strange to sny, he did not receive much  in tlio way of appreciation or financial  tributes from the beach loungers. Hat  In bund the tenor approached an elder-  lv gentleman who was standing apart  and requested a trifling honorarium,  but tlie stranger hud recognized the  gieat vocalist despite his ebon hued  skin, and he replied with decision:  "Nut this time, Mr. Sims Iteevcs! My  wife Is mad about your performances,  and you have cost me many a guinea.  You liave just treated me to the luxury  of listening to you .without any ruinous expense being attached."  "Confound, you," t said Itecves. "you  have made'me lose my bet! Come to  my hotel and have a drink."  The stranger accepted the hospitable  Invitation.  Children'* Meali.  Children should be taught to be regular nt their meals and to take nothing  between meals. This rule -applies to  Infants'as, well as-to older children.  The practice of feeding the little one  every_tinio.lt cries is a.most serious !n-_j  jury to its weak digestive organs. ' An  infant's stomach, though lt needs'food  at more frequent Intervals���two to four  hours, according to Its age���requires  the same regularity which is essential  to the maintenance of healthy digestion, In older persons. The Irregularity  usually practiced Is undoubtedly ono  of the greatest causes of'tne'fearful  mortality of Infants from' disorders of  the digestive organs, as appears In our  mortuary reports.., .- .. -.  -  Comment.  Before using cornmenl In a bread always : scald'it to soften"' Its'' starch.  There ls net time enough during tho  baking for tliis to be1 dono pioperly.  Do this by scalding half of the milk or  water you, use, then pout' lt hot ovcr  the eornmeul. Next ndd the eggs, tho  rest of tbe cold liquid, thon the flour  nnil baking powder sifted together.���  Good Housekeeping.       ��� "  Pepper. 14. - ,,', ���  - The value of pepper,was .known of  old.. Wc read that when'Rome'had to  lie ransomed from'tho barbarian conqueror In tbe year 400 Alarlc'demandcd  3,000 pounds of pepper among the'payments and thnt'HIppoeiates used It in  mcdlclnciapplylng It to the skin   Jezebel  lng to' on  ,the que,cn of Abnb, accorfl-  e"(if"i!in rabbis. haii'':'biack  _"_'(��� nf boll."     , - THE INDEPENDENT  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Hindoo Dniteing.,  nindoo dancing boars no similarity to  that of the European. Stage acting in  the shape of comedies and tragedies is  hardly to be found among the Hindoos.  The chief characteristic of their dancing  Is their dress, which very often is horrible nml giotesque to look nt. Theli  dances consist in wrestling, jumping and  moving the shoulders, heads, hands, logs,  0.1 it agitated by violent convuis.ous. to  'lie sound of musical instruments.  The Hindoo taste for music is so marked that there is not n single gathering,  however small, which has uot some musicians at its head. Thu instruments nu  which they play nre. for the in-jst part,  claiincts* and tituiipets: tliey lmve also  cymbals and several kinds of sm..ll iliuins.  5.'he sounds produced by theie kiMru-  incuts are far from pleasing nml may  men appear hideous to Rtuopi<m cais.  The niattiva, or conductor, i_ the most  renin ihu hie of nil the musician.. In heating tinu he taps with his fingcis on .1 narrow drum. As he beats lus shoi'ldeis,  Lead, aims, thighs and, in fait, all the  IMits of his body pel form successive  biovi inputs, and simultaneous,!}- he utteis  luiiiticuljtc ciles. thus animating the  Wusieinus both by voice aud gestuio.  ' Wclxh Rabbit.  The famous John Chamberlain of  Washington had a iccipe for Wflsh rabbit which vi as a poem.  It is as follows:  "Welsh Rabbit.���Four ounces of  cheese, half nn ounce of butter, a spoonful of mudo mustaid, two tablespoonfi.h  of eieiiiu, cayenne und black pepper to  taste.  "Grnto or chop the cheese then in a  bowl w ith a spoon 01 ia a mortar with a  pestle, rub all to a ttuifoim paste, adding  or not, ns you like, a tablespoonf nl of ale,  porter, beer or champagne; make a rhro  of lather thick toast, which dip un Instant in boiling viator and place iu tho  oven.  "Now transfer your prepared chetso  niktme to a saucepan nud stir ovei a  gentle heat until melted, then heat up  quickly aad pour upo'i the toast niul  Mi re. This is a quantity for one person. Tune leqniicd, fiom I Into to l.i a  minutes. This leelun *��">iu'lie lesnect of  < ougrcss."  CAUGHT A POKCUPINE. .  , J. C. C. Bremner's stagbounds killed a porcupine last week. Mr.-Bremner took __>__ quills out of the mouth  of one of the dogs and a largo number out of the mouths ol the'others.  Some of tlie quills had worked thcir  way through tho roof of tho dog's  mouth and i were pulled out point  foremost through the skin of tho  nose. They had penetrated the bony  structure of the dog's mouth and  aoso in thcir passage. The dogs are  very little the worse now, although  their mouths wore very sore for u  time. Porcupines are very seldom  seen here.���Edmonton Bulletin.  ADVICE TO MOTIIBHS.  How to Keep tho Baby Healthy and  Happy���Avoid the So-called  Soothing medicines.  0. C. 1UCIIA1.DS i. CO.  Bear Sus,���A few days ago I was  taken with a. severe pain and contraction' of the coids of my leg, and  had to be taken homo in'a rig I  could not sleep for the pain and vvas  unub.e lo put my foot to the Iloor  A friend told me of your MIXARD'S  LINIMENT, and one hour from the  first application I vvab able lo walk,  and the pain entirely disappeared.  , You can, use my name .us freely as  .vou like, as I consider it 'the best  reniwly I have ever used.  CHKlSTOPHElt GBKIiY.  Ingersoll,  Ont. ���   ���>  Tlie first fire engine used in tho  United States was brought . from  England to Xevv York in 1731.  Every widow, even to  pound limit, imagines bhe  "pathetic figure in black." '  '  7,   . 11    MARIJ'S LINIMENT CUB MU  the 300-  makes a  Every mother is naturally solicitous as to the health of her children, but not everyone treats their  little troubles in the right way. The  so-called soothing remedies aro still  used altogether too much, although  physicians have preached agumst  them for many years. Tlio fact that  they put children to sleep is no sign  that they aro helpful. On the con-  tiary, soothing drugs aro dangerous  and distinctly harmful. At the  slightest sign of ill-health or disorders, give the little ones Baby's  Own Tablets. Tho medicine is purely vegetable, and is guaranteed to  contain no opinio or poisonous  soothing stuff. Foi indigestion, sour  stomach, colic, constipation, simple  fovers, diarrhoea, the irritation accompanying the cutting of teeth,  there can bo no better, no safer remedy than this. Baby's Own Tablets  ore a sweet, pleasant little tablet  whiih any child will take rca-dily,  and dissolved in water, may bo given  with absolute safety to tho youngest  infant Motheis who havo used those  tablets cliccrfully testify to the benefit their little ones have dciivcd from  them Mis. K. L. McFarlane, Bristol,  Que., sajs- "In my estimation  Baby's Own Tablets have no equal  as, a. medicino for lulle ones. In  cases of childien.' ttet'hing I would  not be without them on any account,  ns they keep my baby healthy and  happy." Diuggists keep tliem,'- but  if you cannot (ind them conveniently!  send 25 tents direct to us and wo  will forward a bo\ by mail prepaid.  The Dr. Williams Medicine Co , Brock-  ville, Out.  Eieiy mother .should have our .valuable little book on the caie of infants and young children. Sent free  for the asking  ' A STORY TELLING CONTEST  ''After a woman succeeds in getting  the wedding img vihero she wants it  she begins to say what she means.  linn With  the  Solemn   Fnce  Eanily  B?n_ All the Ollicra.  One evening, at i. well known hotel a  lumber uf traveling men wore spinning  yarns, and the talk turned upon self  sacrifice and the piivations good friends  had undergone to contribute to the vvoild-  ly success of an associate. One solemn  faced man told the following.  "I had two tclioojmates," he began.  "One of them was aspiring to be a lawyer and the other had aspirations for a  high place iu the medical profession. Tbe  college we attended was one at which  tlie discipline was severe and the requirements for graduation ivei-e cMicting. Well,  thusc two boys managed to worry along  until tho day of the linal examination  came. The young law student had perfected himself in his studies and vvas  likely to pass with high honors. The  medical student, however, was in a far  less enviable plight. He found that the  examination would he for the most part  upon the anatomy of the leg. and this  wus the one branch of the course lie had  neglected. He confided in his roommate  aud nailed out his bonows.  " 'If I only had a leg to dissect,' said  he, 'I would puss that examination at the  head of my class.'  "It was here that his roommate rose  sublimely to the occasion. He rolled up  his trousers and insisted thnt his friend  amputate hi" leg at the knee. His medical fnend dciutiircil, but the lnw student  insisted, and finally the amputation was  performed and tlio medical student cap-  inled his diploma.  "Years afterwaul this same doctor was  sitting iu an oflice suiiounded by all the  evidence of a piospeious practice. The  door opened and in came his old roommate nt college. The greeting was, of  coarse, uffeelipg, ami then the doctor in-  qiiiied how the lawyer was getting on In  the wiuld. The lawyer biiid lie had been  pi.u-ticing .scleral yeais in the petty af-  faiis of the law and would rise to distinction if he could secure a good case.  'I want a minder case,' said be: 'one  that will titti.ici speiial attention aud Involve sonic well known citi/eu '  "The doctor evcused himself nnd, picking up a heavy poker, left the room. He  p'lotccdcd down stabs nnd killed his  l'liull.'dy, icsortmg to ull thctatioeitics  that ingenuity could devise to make his  Clinic one that would create a sensation.  He w.is siiciessful. The papers teemed  with the nu fill details of the deed arid  the tragic events of the tiial. His friend,  the one legged l.i iv yer, defended Inm.  nud he was .cle.li cd. Both of these men  occi.py lending places in their professions today. It }ou don't believe this  stoiy, you can come up to my room and  I will show vou a picture of the school  these two friends of mine attended."  $15.00  Ladies' Spocial Ilk cold fillod  Ilimlhif. en .0 miaruntood to wear for  i"ije,ir-, with oithor Wultlium or El-  Kin movement. A splondid watch fot  a school te.-ichor or zuirso.  ^.OO  Gent's Spccialopon faco, nv  mill fillod enso Kunrnntood to wonr  for 2X yours, with oithor Wnltham or  Elgin movomont. A Rood relisblo  time-piuco for mi) num. Sunt to nny  lulilrosi.Monoi clieorfullj rofundcdif  unsatisfactory nud roturued at onco.  D. R. DINGWALL  Ltd  4 24  Two Stores 08i  MAIN   ST.  HCOIil.D.A.-X*  argams-"  AND  gans  Our Mr. Hatcher goes east this week to select a large stock of  Pianos and Organs for holiday trade. In-the meantime we are  offering some great bargains to make room for new stock. Write  early for Catalogue and price  list.  XVe have a large number of good second-hand Pianos and Organs for sale cheup.     Kldredgc "B" Sewing Machines.  Dr. ,1.1). li i _���'g'e J_.\sumuiy Cordial is a  3IH.L-0V cuie lui i \-e- tin, din.ihooi, chol-  cm, timimci ioni;>i.itii.t ten -icMio-3 and  complaint-, i���u eiil.n lu ehlldnn teething.  Itgiven imriicd.n'c ichif ti ,h.)S0 puflermg  from ihu ��� tkotsof mdisuieion in oiting unripe fruit, cusi.inln.ra, Uu. Ii acts with won.  dcitul inpiditv aid nour fai!�� io lonquer  thodi*u-j. Si ono need fo.r choloia If  the> liuteu buitieof thiii mouiuine convenient.  In, New Orleans last year soventy-  eigiit persons^ died from the effects of  jgunshot'wounds.' * "        *"'   -  During tho month of October 320  immigiants lodged at the government  buildings, Calgary.  Boware of Ointments for Catarrh  That Contain Mercury,  as mercury w ill suroly destroy tho sonsoof Bitioll  and completely derange tho wholo system whon  entorin,; il through tho mucous surfaco_. Such  articles should noior boiiscdozccptonprcscrip.  tions'rom ropntnblo physicians, ns tho dnmaRo  thsy .nil do is tenfold to tlio cood }ou can pos*  lbly demo from them. Hall's Catarrh Curo,  luiinii f ictureil hy F, J, Chouoy & Cd.,ToIedo, O,  contninsn(>uiu.ciiry, and is taken intornally,  nclintfdneitl) nj,on tho blood nnd mucous surfaces of ILots-tc:-. la bu}'iii; Hall's Cutnrrh  Curo bo sino >ou Ketthoccmmio. It is tnlcoa  i Internally, anil mudom Toledo, Ohio, by]?. J,  Cheney A. Co.  Testimonials freo.  Sold h> D.-njwisti, prn o 75c. per bottlo.  Hall's family Pills nro tlio best.  The average man fails to learn a  lot of things that experience should  toach him."  S0Z0D0NTT00TH POWDER 25c  I'  ' ������__^_^~___ '  'Most ftirls who look-sweet at men  don't meuii it.  Coquettes ure like weather vanes-  only fixed when tbey become rusly.  MAUD'S LINIMENT Relieves Nenraljia.  Slow   wisdom   is  sometimes better  than sudden lnspnation.  When a widower puts a black band  around his hat, the women say "The  old hypocrite."  Mmard'S'llmment-Cnre^Bums.-Etc;'  The chief reason most men want  to go to heaven when tliey die. Is  that they know it will surprise their  wife's relatives to seu'lhuni there., ' '  ���Tl-ihh't necessary for, a man- to sow-  wild oats, they come up along the  path ho travels.  SOZODONTfortheTEETH25c  The fellow i\vith< an. axe to grind'is  always looking for someone to'do  him a good; turn.,       -p       ,\    . . , ,  HINABD'S LINIMENT for Sale EreiTWiEItL  Won.  ITc bad gone to nsk her father for her  hand lu man Inge. "Well, sir. what Is  It?" snapped out the old man."Remember. I urn a mail of few words." "I  don't care If you're n man of only one  word If It's the right one," replied the  suitor.   Ue got the girl.  Lemur* For tlie 2_oo.     * .      i  J The national zoo has Just received  thiough an animal dealer In Philadelphia a magnificent pair of the large  black and .white lemurs Indigenous to  the Island of Madagascar. This makes  the fourth pair", of; these animals  brought to this country, and. In 'nddl-  tlon to being highly attractive by reason of their coat of loug Jet black and  'snow white balr and.'thelr'abnormally'  large and luminous eyes, tbcyjare of  very great Interest froin"tb'e*vleVpolnt  of science nnd evolution.  The lemur stands In the same relation to apes and monkeys as they in  turn stand to tlie human race, only In  tbe case of the lemurs and apes the  "missing link" conhcctlng'the two generals In real aud actual existence, be-  ,Ing'realIzed,In',tbeJI'aye-aye," a peculiar animal, also of Madagascar, tbat ls  as much lemur as It Is simian.  .,'!'('.; <*  -"'Tho Retort Conrteorn.  -rA-storjj-ortitoId Isffbat of LordT^-7  who when a young "man was opposing  Mr. Sugden,_subsequently.lord,chancel-  lor of England, In a parliamentary contest  "He's tbe son of a country bar  ber,", said the noble lord.- ���  ���1  Replying afterward, Mr. Sugden said:  ''Ills lordship (has told y,ou tbat -I am  nothing but tbe son of'a'country barber,, but ne lias .not told you all, for I  have been a barber mysfclf and worked  In ,tny father's shop, and all I wish to  sny about that Is that had 'bis lordship  been born the son of a country burbot  ho would have been a barber still. That,  to my mind. Is quite clear."  Sclllnic Your Dlnmondn.  Foople who bay diamonds are apt to  aiiMici lellections upon tLeir e\tiuva-  g.ince with tlie lemaik thnt diamonds iuo  a good investment and that tliey can always get thei; money hack'on tliem.  This is plausible and p.ntly true, hut not  ontiicly. Tl.e linq; itself, though the design may be olnbointe. as it sometimes is  ln men's nags, nud of the finest and riost j  aitisticof viork'naiibliip, will seldom liiiug  tunic than llie ninth of the gold unless  sold to an individual, and styles of setting  change c.iough to make old fashions of  little value.  , A woman In rtdiiced circumstances recently sold a ring which cost at the time  ' of its purchaso $150 for $-10. It is a cluster ring, witli nine small diiiniuiuls surrounding a linger one. Tlie ring was up-  piaibOil at a jeweler's, who bet the pies'  put value upon it. It is a pielty nug.  nith white stones and biillinnt, but it is  uofwoith a thud of what it was foity  yeirs ngo, when it came into the possession if its oiigiunl owner. Dealeis ia  stones say alsni that diamonds lose in  weight perceptibly with wear, and for  thut reason become less valuable.  NO  RISK  There is absolutely no risk  in purchasing your watches,  fine jewelry and silverware  from us. We guarantee safe  delivery; we prepay charges  and cheerfully refund money  in full if desire'd.  Our handsomely illustrated catalogue will assist  you very materially, 3.nd  may be had upon application.  DIAMOND HALL.  Established 1854.  ESTER &  ER  Y. M. C.  A. Dlock. -      -       -      -      Portage Ave,  Winnipeg.    ��  THE  99V  it  STEEL  RANGE  Got What He Deserved.  "Ton know Thioggms?   Smooth fellow.  "(Jieat jolliei., 'files to Keep on the good  ,"i>iile of  eici.vhody.    Well,   he   went   lo  .chinch   last   Sunday   morning  and   slept  thiough the whole sei mon.   Then he li ul  the gall  to tell the  Rev.  Di.  fomthly.  after the congieg.ition had been dismiss-  *"ed, that he hail never enjojed a iIiscihusp  so much 111 his life, and he would like to  hon oiv the in.iuiisciipt of it and take it  home with linn, so he could rend it again  during the day      What do jou suppose  the doctor did?"  .    "I can't ini.igine."  '   "Well, hir. I think he'd seen Tliroggiiu,  ^nodiling  aud   knew, he  hadn't  lieuid  a  woid.    At any late, he took Thioggins  b.v the aim. led him into his study, rj.iiic  him  >-it  down   and  then   he  lead  eieiy  blessed line of that sei mon over u^ain to  hi in  befoie he would  let him  up.    Oh,  jou don't get ahead of Dr. Fouithly���not  much!"���E\eb.iuge.  RYRIE BROS.,  Yoagre and Adelaide Sts.i  TORONTO.  BECAUSE.  Willie���Pa, why do they call our  language the mother tongue ?  Pa���It's because your father never  gets a chance to use it.  Has won an onviablo reputation in tho Stovo world. In its  construction every Important  improvement has been added  which hns made it the mo. t  desirable steel ruugo for domestic use.  Every detail has been carefully studied to mako it efficient, and we ore proud to offer  it to you as 11 model of steel  raugo construction at a reasonable price.  Wo maUo this magnificent  steel range as illustrated;with  four or six No. 9 cooking  "holca, It has a largo copjior  reservoir, is fitted with improved duplex grate to burn  . any kind of coal; tho oven is  ' largo and is lined with asbestos board.  It will bnl.o biscuits in THREE MINUTES usixfr a very small nunntity of co.il.  Prlrousillustrated,    (v/ipiTNo.Ucookinglinlos S55.00 Jl'. Ci. 13,  (lo barn coal or wood) (   "   ONo. 9  -    Wo plvoagua.sntoe with every rango sold,  . stovo dealer, vvritu us for furthor particulars.  TECE    GTTRITE-X-,    FOXT3STIDR-X'  t.      . rQp..OOrucWps.  If not kept in stock by yonr local  CO.,   Limiiod, Winnipeg  Mxi. Colette Ooon, Syracuse, N.Y., writes:  "For yenr_ I could not eat many kinds of  food without producing a burning, excruciating p un in my stomach. I took Parmo-  lo>'s Pills according to directions under  'Dyspi-psia or Indigestion.' Ono box entirely cured mo. I can new out anything I  Cuoose, nut'.otit dibtressing me in tbo least."  Theso pills'do not caike p dn or griping, and  hhould be Used when a cathartic is lc-uuired.  Lois of sermons are not as broad  as they arc long.  .Truth is   mighty.   Sometimes  mighty uncomfortable. , . ,  it's  .When the chiropodist nnd tho hair  dresser arc introduced it'is a case  where extremes meet ?  Tho new woman, if you look close  enough, will often bo found to bo an,  old woman.  , She  Uot   It.  "Dear sir," she mote. "I snould deorly  love to have a pige fiom one of your  manuscripts for mj autoginpli 'album.  You see, I am ambition--,foi my album.  I iiiiut something moie than just n bpeci-  meti of linuihiiitiiig. such ns a signatme  ���I want a hit nf my fniuiite authors'  work, just ns they piepaiu it."  lie sent hi'i   Ihe page for her album,  but still she 11 as not happy.  'It  was, a   tjpeiuittbii  page.���Chicago  Post.  ^_ ,  .\o L'nc HcIiir Captions.       ,  , "What's all this ti.i-.hV" demanded the  old man ns he -.tirnlili'd over a pile of  stuff ia the hall. "Gn'it hcivens! It  ���.(���ems that we've gut two or ilnee sets  of harness nml enough olliei bluff heie to  go into the ship cli.iudlei ing business."  "Theie. pi," his nife iep!i(d, "don't be  disagieeable. You ��eie a hoi once jour-  M'lf. jou know. That's Mill's football  um'oiui."-  Vnm a iu in spend* Inlf his time n-  tic,|i,i:i'u' lo.nininn aud the oritur half tn  li'g>c!tii',--,ii'-ieiil,iy.  - TEATIS AND LAUGIITEU.  God made both tears und laughter,  and both for kind purposes ; for, as  laughter enables mirth und surprise  to breathe freely, so tears enable sorrow to vent itself patiently. Tears  hinder, sorrow from becoming despair and madness ; aud laughter is  one of the very privileges of reason,  being confined to-the human species.  ���Leigh Hunt.. "���;���:   /.-   .    .< ',  -.  There never was; and* never-will be. a  universal panacea, in one remedy, for all ilii  to which flesh is heir���tlio very nature of  many curatives being such that were tht  germs of other and differently seated'di*.  ea��es rooted in tho system of the patient���  what would lelieve one ill ia tuin would aa-  5-avato the other. Wo have, however, Tn  umine Wine, when obtuinablo lu a sound,  unadulterated stutc, a remedy fur many tuia  grievous ills. By its gradual and judicious  use the frailest systems are led into convalescence and stroiiijth by the influence which  Quinine exerts _.n nature's own rentoratnrea.  It roliovcs the drooping tpirits of those with  fthom 11 chronic state of morbid despond,  enny and lack of interest in life is a disease,  end, by tranquiliz.ng tho nerves, disposes to  eound and refror-hing eleop���imparts vijjor  to tho action of the blood, wluch, being  ���tlmulated, courses throughout the veins,  strengthening, tho liea.lhy animal function!  of tho sj'Sttm. thereby muting activity >  oseessary result, strengthening the frumt,  and giving life to tho digefctiro organs, whioh  nuturally demand increat-cd substance���re.  suit, improved appetite. Xorihrop k Lyman,  of Toronto have given to tiie jniblio their  superior Quint-no Wine at tho usual rate, and,  gauged by the opinion of scientist*, thii  wine approaches ncureat perfection of any ll  the market.   All druggists sell It.  llloway & Champion  ' BANKERS AND BROKERS  WINNIPEG.  Write to ii3rfor prices of SO&IF.  Got our List of Lands.  Stocks and Bonds Bought and Sold.  We can furni-ih tho oxuet amount of  Scrip'for any payment on Dominion  Lands.   Do not pay cash.        ,,     c  Willi sonic people oven the smallest  tioublcs como 111 largo sighs.  In a .poker game even a vegetarian  has been known to play for stukes.  Pabmklp.b's Pili__ possess the power of  acting speciiieniry upon tho diseasea organs,  stimulating ,0 action the dormant energies  of tho system, thereby removing disease.' In  fact, so great, is the power of tins medicino  to cleanse und purify, that diseases of almost  every name una nature arc driven from the  body. Mr. D. Carawoll, Carsucll,P.0.,Ont.,  writes: "Ihave tried Puruielcc'd Pills ana  find them an excellent medicine and ont  that wiil soil well."  Some men have no use for music  except when they aie permitted to  play fust violin.  1 *t  The most effusive nr&umentn charming woman can use to n man is an appealing "Don't you think so?"  II'V*  Patience Is the key of content���Mo-  bam mod.  Florida's orango    yield-, this    year  will be at least" l,'200,000"boxes. "   "  Because there are sermons in stones  it does not follow that many preachers arc old fossils.  He nnd Great expectation*.  "How do jou account for tbe fact  tbat Miss Bullion, the wealthiest heiress of the season. Is golug to marry  Nodo.vWho hasn't a cent to'fats name?" '  X'fOh, but be bns great expectations." !  "He has? "What u>e tliey?"  "He Is golug to marry Miss Bullion.'  ! *! 1 f f'���        ,,.     , ��� .    ;     ,  ,   f  Rules of gram.nar cannot give us a  mastery of language, rules of rhetoric  cuiiuot make us eloquent. 1 iles of conduct cannot make usigood.���Aphorisms  and Iti'llectlnns ' ,   ,  When three women sit down to talk  about a new dress pattern a small  boy vvith a toy drum is inaudible.  Xo 1111111 believes thai he is fully appreciated.  Even hush money is npl to talk.  The golden. rule never gets the gilt  rubbed olT it from over ure.  Tooth Powdfer 25  -. i*'(,  Good for Bad Teeth  ^Nbt Bad for Good Teeth  tSoxodont Liquid 35c.   Large Liquid and PowdM T4��e  At all stores or by mail.   Sample of the Liquid for the postagejjc,  UAXmIm tS�� RUtlKEL, KewYorK,  , THE HKIGIITEST KL01VERS must  fade, but young lives endangered by severo  coiiKlis and cuids may bo preserved by Dr.  Thomas' Euleetiic Oil. Croup, whoopiug.  cough, br iichltls���in _hort, all injections of  Ihu ihronl and lungs aro lolleved by this  sterling preparation, iihieh nUo rcmedim  rhi'imi'it'o pains, m,r s, hru sos, piles, kiduoy  d.ability, uud la must ecouoiuio.  ^.C3-B3ST?:S * WANTED  WANTED, Agent j f or tho snlo of Ilnrdy Russian  upplo-, currants, coosobcrries, ornamertal trees  and seed Potatoes. Every talosmun hns cxclu  sivo torritory. Sample outfit freo. Good pay.  Woaroono of tho oldest established firms iu_  Canada. Appplynow. PELHAM NURSERY CO.  Toronto, Ont. .  N. D.Cntnloguo free.   Farmers can ronko good  money during their black suason.      P.N Co. ,  WANTED-PAIU'IES TO DO KNITTING  for us at homo.   W*furni  chine.  Ka.sywork.  Goodpay.           also.wanted._Send stamp f-r particulars to  lis at homo._ W" furnish yarn and ma-  Hand Knitters  chine.  IDs.sy work.  Good pa;  also wanted.    Send stamp u.  ._  STANDABD JIOSE Co., Dopt. H, Toronto, Ont  Don t Be Idle-w�� win ..puiy j��u *iu mrk \  ���_ to be dun* it home.   ll#Mp��rl  IwecKeuIlrainictlkntUlniriox. Waiuptilr mtckln* itidfl  I m_t��rUL and tu? for work; u lentln. writa lo daf. Tba I  B 1'aoplQ ��� Knitting Sxudliitc, Limits, Toronto, Canada.      |  The contortionist is not the only  follow who is given to patting himself on. tho back.  Tho man who would try to stab a  ghost would stick at nothing,   i  A wise man never interferes with a,  iv oinan who is minding her own business.  Xearly every bad young man you  nicbl has a good sister to watch ovcr  him.  A Cincinnati physician foolishly  took some of his own medicino. The  verdicl of the coroner's'jury was :  "Death due >������ unprofessional conduct."  lier Aire.  Judge��� IIoiv old nre you, madam?.  Witness    (hesitatingly)���I   am���tbat  Jtidge���Out with It!   The longer you  wait tho older you will grow.  ,        , Tno ol a Kind.  , Guest���What a '���splendid dinner!   I  don't often get as good a nipal as this.  > Little Willie (sou of tbe host)  The word'"mlle" comes from tbe Latin "uiille" a tbous.iud. A thousand  paces of n inarching soldier made the  Itouian mile.  And lot ni tapply yon with  a ctoiin ciit.modorn lot that  villi brighten np your pngos  'ind plonso jour roadors  nnd ndvortisors. Wufous  for estimates on anything  111 printer's material.  : : ;  TORONTO TYPE  FOUNDRY :C0'Y  175 McDermoi Ave,, Winnipoj.  IA  W. N.  U. No. 351.  .3  ^-zro- THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. .. 'DECEMBER SI, 1901  Felt Slippers and Others  for Men, Women, Children  Slipper:- from the comfortable kind for houtewear up to elaborate affairs for  j>eople who desires luxury.  Men's Felts at 50c and SI; Women's ot 40c, SI, $1.25 up to $2; Misses'  -at 75c; Child's at SOc; Infants' felt Button Boots at 25c and 40c.  W. J. ORK, 420-422 Westminster Ave  McARTHUB?  ��>   LOUGHEAD,  CORNER    BARGAIN    STORE.  Dry Goods, Small Wares, Mouse furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  Corner Westminster Avenue and (tastings Street.  We Would Be Pleased  To have you call and examine our stock of Holiday  Toys, Hook*', Christmas (Jards and Calendars. The stock  is vory complete and prices away down.  Century SajjfjSy Company,  SALMAGUNDI.  Near Cily Grocery  442 Westminster Avenue  ��� ��������������������� ���������������������������������������������������������������  Just a Reminder  Tlint ue have :i larger ussortnient of Christmas presents in  Hock, biicli as 1'urlor und Music Cabinets, China Cloi-ets, Easy  Chairs, Conches, Etc.; beet line of Sideboards in tlie city. We  make all our Upholstered Goods. Xt you want a nice new  Carpet call on us. Wc have no old stock to work off on you.  Eierything up lo date at  G. W, HUTCHINGS, Furniture Dealer  Opposite City Hall, Westminster Avenue.  <��������������������������� ���������������<*�������������������� ����������������������������  I  - 6  )]  mm  THE MARVELS OF STEAM  were 'first discovered through wottihlng  a ibolllng pot. 'IHio improvements in  atove manufacture are almost as remarkable as the ailvanceuient made by  steam. Oue ot the ibest makes is the  IMPERIAL OXFORD, to which your  attention is Invited, with the certainty  that It  will please you  If you  ti-y it.  Knowdell & Hodgson  512 Granville St., Opp. P. 0.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  WESTMINSTER BRIDGE.  To tlie Editor ol Tin: Ikdki'KNdknt.  Sir,���I noticed in last Sunday's Colonist that all arrangements have been  made Iin respect to the proposed1 Westminster bridge across t'he Fraser.  Among other trades, whose rates of  wages Wave been menltioned, rlvete*.1)  are rated at $2.75 a day. Would you  please correct this, because It any Intend esthnatliig on t'he work for saM  bridge, ��und expect to get riveters for  $2.75 a day, they will lose money on the  undertaking. The rate ol ipay tor riveters is J3.50 per day, a difference of 70  cents to ithalt quoted, whldh is quite an  ttem. The raite for holdera-up is- wron?,  so Is the rivet heaters, and may l>e 11  some of the other trades mentioned  will look the matter up they unay find  Unit tliey have been wrongly quoted  also. By Inserting this you will  oblige, you re truly,  J. H. WATSON,  Secretary  Local    194    Brotiheifliood   of  ���   i  Botlermo'kars.  Vancouvier, Dec. 17, 1901.  -eOLLBCTtVEISM-VS.-INDrVTDUA.L-  ISM.  To tbe Editor of TllK Isbei-esiiint:  Sir,���I crave space for what seems  to me, as yet an unconverted 'believer ln  Individualism, to be a, <rery well contrasted description of socialism and  my favorite "Ism." It Is borrowed  from Max Hlrseh's ohapU;r on. "Individualism." "Socialism." writes Max.  "denying the existence of indlvidnul  r natural rights, seeks to reconstruct society In a direction opponltc to Ita past  evolution, to malkc ithe individual absolutely BUl>s-_-ri"leiit to the state, to de  fM-ive him of Ms equal right with all  others of exercising ihis industrial faculties as he will, and to compel him to  exercise them 1n sudh manner, -time,  amd place as 'he ls d I rented, to annul  his rlglht to Oieneflt by his own beneficial a/cte, and1 to allot ihim a reward  bearing no reference to tihe service ren  dered by him.  "Individualism, affirming *he existence of equal, natural, individual  rights, Beaks Uhe further evolution of  society In ithe direction of ite part evolution until society ehall (have become  rfully su/Bservlemt to the welfare of the  Individuals composing It, seeHtln^, to at.  ta..n, ttueh general we>*are through the  removal ot tt'e remaining Infractions of  Ule natural and equal rights of all Individuals���'the freedom of eaoh ito exercise all his faculties as 'he wills, provided lie Infringes not the equ-al freedom of any otiher'���the right of each  to ITie fullest opportunities for the exercise of his faculties, limited only by  the equal right of all others, and the  unlimited right of each to benefit by  his own .beneficial acts, reward 'being  proportioned ot senvlce rendered."  Prom the advanced socialist point ot  view this comparison would of course  be held1 up to withering scorn as Ibeing  merely caipitalism In disguise. But, on  the otlier liana, who has ever met a  socialist who honestly'admits that his  reward for service .rendered -will be ef  feated by one or more certificates for  food, drink or clothing���(money, of  course, there being none)���always supposing that he -is a working item, and  not an overseer of workers? And  where is the father, actual or potential,  wiho will liajid ovcr this children to  state Institutions as-won as tliey are  able to leave the moth**? Yet these  "conditlons"He-:it~the~roi>t���of"the-ii resent day socialism uH it going concern.  S. ROOTB.  Vancouver, B. C, Dec. 17, 1901.  SOCIALIST PARTY.  The socialist party of British Colum  bla has now branches at the following  places In this province: Victoria, Nanalmo, -Ladynmltlh, South Wellington,  Vancouver, Port .Moody, Ferguson, 8lo-  can, Revelstoke, Nelson, Sllverton, New  Denver, Sandon, Kaslo, GrvuiU PorAu,  Rossland. Organizer Cameron Is hard  nt work organizing two or three  branches every week. The executive  officers of this organization are: O.  Lee Charlton, Victoria, provident; Ernest Burns, Vancoui'er, secrotary. Lo  cal Vancotuver iholds Its regular meeting in rooms above 130 Powell street  every Friday evening. With -the New  Year they contemplate holding a series  of propaganda meetings every Sunday  evening at ithese rooms, to Which all  are Invited.  A large shipment of ���poultry will arrive for The City Grocery to-day,  Prices right, quality guaranteed.  >      . Early Love.  It will scarcely bo denied by any,  for surely all must have felt the truth  of the observation, Chat the world appears to us In different colors, at different stages ot our existence. Youtli  has been -termed, and not unaptly, tlio  poetry of life, und a_re Its prose. In the  former season, the young enthusiast  views the world us a scene of unalloyed und boundless enjoyment, the delights of which aro Inexhaustible and  fadeless. IIo;��_, that treacherous, but  supporting principle, then reigns paramount In the breast, diecks every rising fear, absorbs t-m.-1-y painful ilou'jt;  grief, care and disappointment seem to  'Uie Imagination, evils of only possible  occurrence, shadows which pass before  the mind, the mere 'Visions of a distempered fancy. While on the other han 1,  Joy, hinppiness and pleasure, appear so  palpable to ithe sight, so attainable to  the grasp, that pursuit seems all that  Is requisite to gain possession of them.  Alas! let 'but a ieiv .brief years fulfil  their course, rand the fallaciousness of  the ex-peotati'on is displayed too well,  and the world is .seen, not Indeed, as  a clime wliere Ithe indigenous offspring  of the ."-'Oil Is loses only, but as a land  where (briars and brambles spring up  with ithem in such choaklng profusion,  that ,to pluck the lloiver ls to bear  away also with it a considerable portion of the thorny weed. It 'is a Subject which has excited much discussion, and on which very different opinions have ibeen advanced, whether In  this world, an .equal proportion of Joy  and sorrow ls allotted to us. The agitation of the question opens too excursive a Held for argument to enter upon  In this place, further than to remark,  that If we allow���and. who will deny  it?���that the most powerful .dispenser  Of weal and woe to the human heart is  Love.  Plenty of Matches.  Little Herby Brown asked his father,  who was preparing a Are, if he thought  It would he hot enough ito burn up bad  boys.   Papa nodded.  "Does the devil always keep a hot  Are for bad boys���real hot?" continued  the miniature querist.  "Yes, Herby," chipped In his .three-  year old brother, "and he's got lots of  matches,  too?"  "Who's got lots of matches?" snapped  papia, mho had Just struok itwj bOXCB  trying to malke the biaui'i*. Are burn.  Just Like  a Lady. ,       __  'A little girl from an East-end slum  was invited with others, to a charity  dinner given at 'a great house In the  West-end of London. In the course of  the meal the little maiden startled her  hostess ,by propounding the query,  "Does your husband drink?"  "Why, no," repplied .the astonished  lady of the house.  Alter u moment's ipause ith2  little lady proceeded with the equally  bewildering questions, "How much coxl  do you hum? What ls your husband's  salary?   Has .he any bad habits?"  By ithls time the presiding genius of  the I table felt called upon to ask her  humble guest what -made her ask such  strange questions.  "Well," was the Innocent reply,  "mother .told me -to 'behave like a lady  and when ladles call 'at our house they  always ask my mother those questions."  Three Ends.  An Irish-man who was out of .work  went on hoard a vessel that was dn the  harbor land asked the ca/pitain if he  could find him woilk on the- ship.  "Well," said the captain, At the same  time handing the Irishman a piece of  rope,-"lf-you-can-iflnd-three-'ends-to  that rope you isfhaJI have some wortc."  The Irishman got hold of one end of  the rope and, showing It to the captain,  said:  "That's one end, your honor."  Then ho took hold of the other end  and, showing lt to the captain as before, juuid:  "Anil that's two ends, your honor."  Then, taking hold of both ends of the  ro(>e, he threw It overboard, saying:,  "And, faith, there's an end to the  rope, your honor���that's three."  He was engaged.  Odds and Ends,  Freddy ,the son of a well-known minister, hatt mlflbohavcd and Ito punish  him he war not allowed to eat at the  family table. A small tnbld iwias ,set  for hlni in the corner of the dining  room. When his dinner was placed .before lilm Freddy said very solemnly,  "Lord, I thank Theie that Thou has  spread a, table before me ln -the presence of mine enleinies."  Lady of the Houser-You. eay you  would like <iK to do a ,llMIe sewing foi  you?  Tramp���Ye��, mum, I havie a 'but  ton here arid if you would sew ,a shirt  on it I would be much obliged.  Fifty of Kitty-seven European glaciers are decreasing. A marble quarry  In Switzerland, hurled by a glacier in  1779, was laid ibaiie in 1S71.  Two of ithe greatest literary -productions of the Chinese are a dictionary of  5,020 volumes and an encyclopaedia In  2.937 volumes.  In trial by Jury In Germany a vote  of eight to four is necessary for the  conviction of the prisoner. A slx-to-  slx vote means acquittal.  A reported remedy for hiccough Is to  pres.1 the -thumb on the pulse, wltih the  Xoreiiliuer In the back of the wrist. It  ls SuM to give instant relief.  Europe and Australia together are  almost exactly equal In area to South  America. North 'America and Australia combined would almost cover Africa.  FTllOM THE STEVESTOWN WEEKLY   SOOKEYiE.  Jim lladdlson will tfaTte a 'few pupils  at his house on the accordion.  It is -proposed that a -delegation of  our prominent citizens see if they can  not Induce Andrew Carnegie to give  lonely Steveston ti public library, the  lower story of which could be (fitted  up as a. rflre engine bouse.  There will be a hog guessing competition and an ice cream social at the  Boston hotel on Friday evening, the  proceeds ,to go to buying a new naphtha gas machine to Inst'al In the  church.  Two new subscribers last week. We  do out best to give Steveston a thoroughly up- to-dmte newspaper, and aim  to imerlt the encouragement of all Its  citizens. However, there are a few  who don't subscribe to the Sockeye,  and more who have failed1 to pay last  year subscriptions.     ,  Willie McCutoheon's customers did  not receive their Vancouver evening  papers until 9 p. -m. last Friday, as  Willie was kept.In after school, but as  this does not happen ivery often he has  received few complaints. Willie ls a  nice boy and is In his second reader.  -MR. VROOMAN1S SERMON.  We regret that Rev. Mr. Vrooma-n's  very able sermon, namely, "Christian  Socialism or Is the Economic Problem  a Rt-Jiglous Question." has been una-  voidubly crowded out bf this issue for  lack 'Of space. It its one of the most  scholarly lectures ever delivered from  a pulpit in this country. It will appear, however, next week.  Goid Seal Canadian Rye ifl Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, SOc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Choice mixed candles, three amd one-  half pounds for 23 cents. At 'Ihe City  Grocery.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���60c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender Btreet.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender Btreet.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  6 tables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  .  Buy your 'Xmas groceries from The  City Grocery Company. They haine a  large assortment to choose from, and  their prices cannot be hcaten to the  city.  Tbe Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   tho   corner  of Carrall-andrllastings-Btroets��� Case  goods are the best, and tlie prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Now, gentlemen, here is tlie shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Cornor  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  When you want to hire a flmt-cleso  honw and burgy, ro to tbe Palace  livery stabtec Telephone IK.  Kllnt's Dyspepsia Tablets ore guar-  nnued to restore' falling appetite and  onrreuf. any kind of stomach trouble.  CD c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Oo.  Offers nn excellent opportunity to  'Xmas   Shoppers  E VKRVTIIINO' RkDUCKD.  R.G. BUCHANAN e5�� CO.  ckockeey'ahd house FimmitiiiNGfl,'  Opposite Cltj Hull, Weitmlniter Avenue.  Vancouver, B. C,  | YOU'LL NEED MEAT $  T Before long now.   The best heaters made ���  T ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ���  X nomical to use are the ���  ��� ii FAfrflUB \&*9   AIR-TIGHTS AND      %  ^    ��� **' "v��jcy      BASE burners:   ^  ��� made by the McClary Mfg. Co. ���  | Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. ���  ^ SOLE AGENT a .  McLennan,  McFeely &> Co*  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL DEALERS  LV  Shelf and Heavy  ardware  MAIL ORDERS  RECEIVE) PROMPT ATTENTION.  A Smoking Jacket  Nothing lie would liko better or get moro solid comfort out of.  Why not give him one this Christmas and flil a long felt want? Drop  in at tho Jaip Store for Men and see somo beauties. Or how would he  like some Silk Handkerchiefs witli his initials on tliem? Or a pretty  Fancy Vest? Wc hnvo them in all the latest styles and patterns-  Double or Single Breasted. And one hundred and one otlier suitable  gifts for father, brother, husband or lover.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastes St., 0|>|>. Wm. Ralph's.  5SaaB__eg_BJ__BB_ra  KELLY. OOUGLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE - GK0CKRS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  Ug^3 Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Ctyars and Smoking Sundries.  $3.S0.5HOE$  i line is n wonder, G. W.   Leather    gh ^ JBL .  J, latest styles, light or heavy sole. "WT4\W%       |vl_&_n  UNION MADE    J UI     T Id I  t.:|  UNNECESSARY  atiAB  When  you   can  dreas  neatly  and economically.   How?  Purchase FIT-REFORM Over  coats  or  Suits,   at  one   half   the -  tailor's cost.  r  FIT*RBFORM has made fast  friends of those that have studied  its methods, and have worn its  clothing, " others in line."  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  334 HASTINGS STREET, VANCOUVER, B. Ci  MAIL ORDERS PROMPTLY  ATTENDED TO.  SELF MEASUREMENT BLANKS AND*'  SAiM0LESSENT.ON.,APPLIAa_ION.7 -  1  (I


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