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The Independent Oct 12, 1901

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 tyjijJx^^r^^,  SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A YEAR  r�� ' . ���  IWage-earoere should eub-  coribe, fcecauao this paper  i�� published aa their organ.  B. 0. PERMAfflT LOAJf AUB  SAVINGS CO.  Authorised Capital   -   HO.000,000  Subscribed Capital   -   -    l.oOO.OOO  A����cis over    -    -    -      ���        500,000  Hcud Office 321 Cambie Street, Vancouver, B. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 12, 1901.  NO. 3.  PRESIDENT SOUTH RETURNS  Mr. Ralph Smith, M. P., returned lo  .Nanalmo via Vancouver Monday evening, after a Ave weeks' visit to eastern Canudu, during which* time ln his  capacity of president ot the Trades  mid Labor Congress he acted ns chairman at Its nnuunl meeting ln Brant-  SOrd. In addition to this Mr. and Mrs,  Smith took occasion to visit several  Important centres In the east, including  TToronto, Ottawa, Gait, Buffalo, etc.  ySxe Pan-Ainerlcan exposition wus tho  .attraction at the latter place. Both  Mr. .and Mrs. Smith speak of the trip  ,'tm feeing one o�� the most enjoyable  Hifiy teves hod', and are especially en-  ftbueiaebio in praise ot the profuse hos-  'iritality of the Ontario people, particularly In Brantford, where the members  ' of the  Trades and    Labor    Congress  .were treated1 with the utmost consideration by the people of the city.  Speafcing of tlie results of the Congress  air. Smith said in conversation with a  Herald representative that perhaps the  most Important work was the proposal  to inaugurate  A Canadian Federation of Labor.  A special committee was appointed to  ���inquire thoroughly Into the feasibility  of the proposition, and ���will report at  the next annual meeting of the Congress, when, no doubt, the matter will  l>e token up enthusiastically, and  wtoilst it is not Intended at the present time to interfere with the, inter-  jvational unions having connection with  the A. P. of L., arrangements will  doubtless be made to make it advantageous for all Canadian unions to be  affiliated with the Canadian Federation as welL A great many other general resolutions were passed suggesting  legislation for the benefit of trie laboring men of Canada, which will without a doubt receive the careful consideration of parliament at Its next ses  jaion. Mr. Smith had' expected a strong  fight on the part o��  twecu Calgary and Medicine Hat, lm  mediately to the north of the rallroadi  line. It Is likewise understood that  ns on experiment 800,000 of the 3,000,000  barren acres will be put under Irrigation. The plan includes tlie building  uf u dnm at Bow River, a mile east  of Calgary, and 'Intersecting canals.  Tho fjrco of gravity Is relied upon to  do the rest of the,work.  AT THE ANTIPODES.  The raxrt of the old age pension  scheme to 'New Zealand this year Is  estimated at ��2113.000.  As a, result of the conference of New  Zealand seamen's unions held at Wellington1 recently, federation of the  Lyttleton seamen's union, the Marlborough district branch of the Federated Seamen's Union of New Zealand  has been effected, and has been registered and! incorporated as an Industrial Association of Workers. The registered office of the federations is 'Wellington for the time being, and Mr. W.  Jones has been elected secretary. A  rigorous system of organizing will be  instituted throughout the colony, so as  to keep New Zealand seamen from, becoming embroiled ln labor disputes of  FISHERMEN ON TRIAL.  Australian seamen.    It has been decided: to Inaugurate a co-operative so- j agers, whoever   they   might be,  ciety ln connection with the federation, I might, hove to throw up lucrative erase that members may obtain all their   ployment Bit the Word of these irre-  The assizes opened Tuesday morning.  The entire docket was oomposed of  cases arising out of the flshenmens'  strike. The grand jury brought in true  bills in al Ithe cases. The flrst . wus  that of R. Opeaga, Louis Ludden, C.  Forrest, C. WJlUg, G. SuUWim and XV.  Welling, union fishermen, charged with  Intimidating a. Jap with firearms on  the Gulf ot Georgia. Before proceeding with Hie cases ^Justice Drake explained to the jury that -tlhe oases arose  out of the strike omiong the fishermen  last summer. The law, he said, recognized peaceable strikes, for every  man was entitled to determine" on,tHe  price he should sell Ms labor at,' wthile  the'employer, on flhe other hand, was  at liberty to engage any'person or class  of persons on terms which he considered fltiting. m practice, this freedom  of contract was very illuslonary. It  was one of those things which some  of the labor unions���ihe,did not speak  of them all���did rtofc recognize. It was  a matter of common knowledge that  when a man Joined sudh unions he  was bound hand' and foot to obey 'and  abide by the directions of the man-  He  that there were now 3,0001 members In  good standing in the organization nnd  Treasurer Frank Mullarkoy stated that  the financial condition of the organize  tion has improved.  FACTS RESPECTING UNIONS.  supplies nt cost price. As unsatisfactory replies have been received from  some of the steamship owners with regard to the Industrial agreement proposed by the union, it has been decided  to hold a special mooting ln the near  future of tlie federation'In order to  pass/a resolution that tlie union's proposals be submitted to the conciliation  board for settlement.  The house of representatives at Melbourne hns adopted a clause of the Immigration bill prohibiting the entry into the commonwealth of any one under contract to do' manual labor.  The Socialists  \ , ���       ' '    ���  tar representation in" the congress, but  la his astonishment, no' applications  ���were presented. Two reasons prevented him from doing it himself: First,  Jie was president of the congress;*; and,  second,' he had no instructions ���, from  the union he represented to bring the  ���matter up. In general it wns the largest labor congress ever held in Can-  Ada, seventy delegates being present,  five of these being from British Colum-  Wa, .which is more than double  the number ever sent from  the province' .before, two from  Nelson, one from 'Rossland, one  bom Phoenix and one from Nanalmo.  Hourteeeri unions affiliated with th..  congress during the past year, an increase of nearly double the per capita  tax of former years. Regarding the  deliberations of  ,J /The Congress,   ���  they were on an exceptionally high  plane, the debates being conducted in  a\ most able manner and a- strong dds-  anoltlon shown to adopt the strictly  practical in all'matters proposed. Asked nliout his re-election to'tho presidency, which was received in Nanaimo  with Bome surprise, as it was understood he was not to stand for the posi  tion again, Mr. Smith explained that  lie expressed himself at congress ns  greatly in favor of the election of a  man from central Canada, as he would  _then 'te.more_in touch _w��th_the general  secretary, which was most Important.  In spite of this, however, congress was  jiorsistent In urging the position on him  and.as it seemed unanimously satisfactory to the delegates he accepted  their.decision, as he was perfectly willing to act in any capacity In the Interests of labor.  Mr. Smith ���was detained a week longer In the east than he Intended to he,  through being called to Ottawa to consult with the hon. the minister of the  interior, on highly important matters,  end n�� he himself remarked, he was so  iplcosed to hear of the splendid manner in which the electors of New Westminster handled the Martin-Mclnnos-  Brown-Dunsmulr combination ;that  there didn't seem to be any need of  him in provincial politics.���'Nanaimo  Herald.  The rumor that the continental powers Intend to bind themselves by an  agreement to boycott American goods  after 1903, when the pommerdlal treaties expire, has lately become more precise. It Is even alleged that a. coming  visit of Count von Bulow to St Petersburg has this project for its object.  The idea is that the great American  trusts, being secure of profit from the  system of protection, Intend to undersell all continental manufacturers, and  then when they are ruined to dominate  continental trade. They must, therefore," be driven from competition by  special duties or even absolute prohibitions after the fashion of the Milan  decree. We do not believe the stories,  except as suggestions by angry Viennese tradesmen,'who expect to be undersold, says a, correspondent. Statesmen are too well aware that unless  Great Britain were Included' ln the tariff war American goods would be simply purchased by 'Englishmen and sent  on at a' nominal increase of price. Besides, trade is not one-sided, and the  stoppage of all American purchases  would be more felt on the continent  that the stoppage of American sales  to Europe would be felt In America.  The rumor, however, Indicates the importance which trade is assuming in  international politics, and the extreme  bitterness produced by commercial rivalry. Differences as to tariffs have  taken the place of differences as to religion.  sponsible individuals. It inlay be necessary for Diiim to earn a. living for (himself and) family, and at their word he  hns to throw it all up and become a  paupei' and receive pay from his union,  which was nothing else than pauperism. This was where .tihe practice and  the theory were not equivalent. In the  case before ithem, they would have to  consider a great deal of evidence with  regard to -the position of matters'at  Steveston at the time the strike took  plaice. That strike itself was perfectly legitimate, end lawful, as long as  It was confined to" a refusal to go to  work according to terms; but when It  came to circumstances such as those  which he detailed' before theiri, that  the strikers patrolled the waters, armed with guns, to prevent the Japanese,  wiho were willing to .work, from pursuing ithelr /labors; in cases, took tlhem  out of their boats as prisoners, and  placed them on an island, where they  might have starved to death, that iwas  an illegal and violent action.  The petit Jury returned a verdict of  ���not guilty after being out half an hour.  D. G. Macdonell and Mr. Bowser were  counsel for defence andi crown respectively.  While The Independent goes to press  tho trial of the fliihermen stIU prD-  gresses on other seperate charges, and  no doubt will so continue for some  time. When the trials are over The  Independent will have further comment to make.  A New York dispatch says that there  has been a hitch in the plans for the  organisation of the proposed plow combination and that oertailn interests are  firm ln their refusal to become a. constituent part of the American Plow  company. The refusal is based on the  terms upon which the various companies are to be taken over. The  stockholders were to receive for holdings 25 per cent, is cash and the balance in stock. W. S. White, representing the United States Mortgage &  Trust company, of New York, is conferring with officials of the Mollne  Plow company, or Mollne, 111. This  company would enter the new corporation, but report has it that there Is  a difference of opinion on the question  of sale. The price fixed Is stated1 to  be $6,000,000. Next to the Oliver Chilled  Plow company, the Moline Plow company is one of the biggest concerns in  the business. The new combine has  been incorporated ���with a capital stock  of ?100,000,OOD.  Portfend papers say a plan is afoot  to extend: the organization of theFed-  erated Trades assembly by the organization of allied trades. At the meeting of the assembly the other night the  committee on by-laws reported a plan  for such organization. It is proposed  to have five sections of the Building  Trades council, the Allied Printing  Trades council, the Retail Trades council, the Iron Trades council and the  Teamdrivers' Trades council. Each  subordinate council, under the provisions of this plan, will be given exclusive Jurisdiction over all matters  pertaining to the local unions which  compose It. Matters pertaining to labor generally will be within the exclusive province of the parent body,  the Federated Trades assembly.  Bradstrcets said last Raturday7thnt  A C. P. R. UNDERTAKING.  . It _te-understood that the Canadiin  Pacific Railway authorities have under  consideration ,'an' Immense scheme of  litigation for the Canadian Northwest,  by wihlch it is proposed to make a good  ��� 5     ���,.(.,',   M f  ;,.   ;.        .'f  ���  \ . j ' .    I   i  tf__nn_i.g and grazing country out'Of  arillknts of acres whidh now He dry  and arid.   Those' barren lands He be-  Canadiain trade 'had been helped by  cool weather. Montreal reports dry  goods and groceries active, ���while hardware dealers are busy mid collections  ���are good. Shoe salesmen on the road  have sent in moderate orders. Victoria  reports that tlie exhlbtdon has attracted country buyers and helped retail  trade. Canndlan clearings In September were 25.6 per cent, larger than a  year ago, while the gain for tho nine-  months' period is 1S.3 per cent. Failures for nine months arc -1 ver cent,  larger ithan last year,'while liabilities  are 26 per cent, heavier. For the week  there have been 29 failures, against 31  last week and 18 a year ago. Canadian  cletu-lngs aggregate 437,719,670 for the  week, a gain of 3 per cent, over Inst  week and of 17 per cent, over lost year.  American notes.  The nineteenth annual convention of  the Illinois State Federation or Labor  commenced at Jollet last Tuesday.  The "Woodworkers of Los Angeles  have been conceded the eight-hour day  Jn three of the largest mills of that  city, namely, W. H. Perry's on October  1st, Griffith's and KerokholT-Cuzner's  on October "th.  Tho bollermukers, who have been  out at San Bernardino, Cal., for several  weeks, have won out, and the objec-  STREET RAILWAYMEN THANKED.  J." Buntzen, Esq.,GenerarManager'B.'  C. E. R. Company, Vancouver:  Dear Mr. Buntzen,���On leaving Van  couver I should like to ask you to  kindly convey my best thanks to your  officials and ail the employees of the  city that I have met, for the uniform  courtesy and consideration which they  have extended to me. I regret .very  much that it was Impossible for me to  see them all before leaving to thank  them personally, but the suddenness or  my enforced departure made that impossible. Yours very truly,  (Signed.) R. M.HORNE-FAYiNE.  Sept. 28,  1901.  J' ihas been suggested to The Independent that steps should be taken by  the citizens to Inaugurate a horse  show. There are to ��� be seen on the  streets dully some fine specimens of  .equines, in fact, almost enough to ensure a creditable exhibition being hcl i.  We hope' those interested' In goyl  horsea,.,wlU do something, to wards .advancing this proposed undertaking.  tlonablo men have been reinstated;  their only offence consisted In serving  on a committee to state a grievance at  the olllce. Tho faithful pickets had  corrnlcd every recruit shipped In, and  the company consequently fell down.  -Arrangements have been completed  at Leadvlllo, Col., for the biggest rock  drilling content ever held In tho went.  Tho event Is to tolte place on October  21, 25 und 26, and prizes of 91,200 will  be divided among the miners In the  following amounts: $500, $350, 1200 and  <160. The nilner/i from every camp  in the western country will be invited  to entor the double handed contest,  and nssuninecH have been received of  a large attendance.  Tho eleventh minimi convention of  the National Spinners' association of  America was held last week nt IJoxton.  There were about ."�� delegate* present,  representing 20 northern textile districts. President Dumtun called attention to what hud been accomplished  in the last six nonths, and the prospect of 'a general 0 per cent, increase  In wages for members of the crnft If  ans increase Is granted In Fall River.  Thos. O'Donnell,   secretary,   reported  CARPENTERS' STRIKE LOST.  The  carpenters' strike in  Winnipeg  has been called off.   Nothing whatever  was conceded by the contractors? The  chief result of the strike is the formation of the Western Carpenters' Union.  This complicates the situation;,but-it  is  expected  good    will * result.    The  Brotherhood and the Amalgamated Society still have branches in the city,  and now with a third organization that  is self-governing, it is hoped that the  bulk of the non-union workmen can be  got into one or other of the unions,  and then an effective agreement be arrived at by all the bodies for the improvement of  the  conditions  existing  in the carpenter trade.   Notice is given,  tharthe~dej5ands_wfiich~ haive beerTun-  successfully put forward this  season  will be made again at the beginning ot  next season, and that commencing with  the new year   public   notice   will   be  given to all concerned In the trade so  that estimating can'be done with full  knowledge.   Large numbers of the men  originally involved in the strike are  working at outside points In the province,  and  those who have completed  work and come back to the oity since  the strike wns called off are accepting  offers to go out again rather than remain In the city.   The whole difficulty  and cause of the unfortunate position  of the carpenters is their Inability to  control a sufficient portion of the avail  nble men.    The contractors stand off  with the Idea of not paying   higher  rates till they are obliged to, and In  many cases where figuring was done  on the expectation of a general advance In carpenters' wages, the contractor has been able to pocket all the  difference.  Complete organization, well  handled.  Is  the only  thing that  will  -nvi> the city from a repetition of the  .roubles  that  hnve been  experienced  time nnd again for the past few years  't this trade.���The Voice. ' *  To the Kditor of Tin iNDErENOXXT:  Sir,���I think the time has come when  those who know the facts respecting  trades unions, their mode of procedure  and   the   way   they    are    conducted  should speak out.   So much has been  said, and is being said, and so much  Lh bolng printed and spread broadcast  throughout the length and breadth of  the land, which, If true, no true man,  with a grain of liberty-loving freedom  about him, would think of tleing himself up to.   During tlie C. P. R. trackmen's strike we constantly read in tlie  papers about the Irresponsible Jiead of  that organization, Mr.  Wilson, plunging so many men and  families Into  poverty to suit the whim of one individual. " Then it was charged he was  an alien and had no standing in this  country whatever; in fact, Mr. Wilson  got the blame, the whole of the blame,  and a whole lot of abuse heaped upon  him for what, ibecause he was a man,  a man who could not be bought to sell  the men who had placed1 their confidence in him, and -who had placed him  in the highest position In their order���  their president.   Had. Mr. Wilson been  a pliable man In the hands of the executive of the C. P. R., had he been  scared by  the  trackmen,   you  would  not   have    heard   such    trumped-up  charges as was made against him; but,  on the contrary, he would have been  praised as a sensible   man.    To men  who are trade unionists and especially  those who are members of international  unions like the" trackmen's, typographical,  moulders," locomotive  engineers,  trainmen, conductors, telegraph operators'  and    scores    of other    unions  which  need  not be mentioned,   such  slander, such rot, as was said about  Mr. Wilson, president of the trackmen's  union, must have come home to them  with    great    force,    especially as    it  struck at them also,  as every international unionist has for the head of  his order���an American.   I cannot recall to mind one president of an international, union-who-to-not a foreigner;  but international unions recognize no  boundary line; their cards are good all  over the continent, and if a Canadian  showed more aptitude to serve lids order in the presidential office you can  bet that he would have had the Job.  It Is the best,men for the positions we,  as trade unionists, are looking for, irrespective   of   nationality.     Another  thing we heard, and are hearing, to-day  is that these irresponsible heads can  call strikes' and  compel men   to  quit  their work and cause unbounded misery to the wives andi families of its  members.   The people who make these  statements, , whether in  the press,  on  the platform, or ln a court house, display such an Ignorance of the question  and a want of knowledge of the subject that  it  is painful   to  read  what  they say, or listen to what is said.    It  is   the  biggest    mistake    imaginable,  even   to  suppose   these   officers   have  such powers.   No executive officers of  union to whioh they belong.   Why is  this?  Had they done so, the men knew  that they could not get the consent of  the head officers to sanction It.   Why,  If all Is true one hears and reads, the  strike on the C. P. R., on the managers side,  was run  by the General  Managers' Union, of which Mr. McNIcholl, general manager of the C. P. ft.,'is a.  member.   Mr. Wilson made the statement, or is credited with lt,   that it  was   the   General    Managers'    Union  which supplied all the alien scabs to '  the C. P. R.   Be that as lt may, the  president is an American, and so are  Its  oillcers,  yet  the  subsidized   press  said   nothing about  that.    Of course  that's different.   We are told now that  a man who takes strike pay is a pauper.    Indeed, we still  live und learn.  I suppose then a man who places his  money In the savings bank andi falls  sick and draws out some to live on is.  a pauper, too.    Or a man who pays  into a sick  benefit society,  like  the  Oddfellows and Foresters, and at tlnies  or sickness draws sick pay is a pauper.  We might Just as well say that the  person who made the remark that men  drawing strike pay were paupers, was  one, too,  because he draws  a salary  from tho public purse, many of whom,  he calls paupers helping to subscribe  to it.    If a man draws strike pay he  is only receiving what he has already  paid ln to his society,  which  is  his  own.    Then  when  a man  says  that  he becomes pauperized because he accepts what Is his own, he is only talking for effect.   The poor fellows referred to received no strike pay from the  union or anybody else, so that it wap  quite unnecessary to Infer that  they  did.   It is strange that some men cannot rise above a certain level and got  out of the old rut they have been running In for so many years.   They appear  not to realize that we are living in a  progressive age, which is ever changing  any union calls a strike without the  consent of the members In the locality,  or on the system where trouble has  arisen. Why for two months before the  trackmen's strike took place, the men  on the C. P. It. system were trying to  get the company to give them tlie  needed relief, and after the men's failure to do this they called the executive  of their order to take the matter up,  and intercede for them, without avail.  The orders to the executive from the  men were to get what they were asking  for. And in the event of falling, to  call a strike all over the road. How  then can Mr. Wilson and his officers  be to blame? They were simply carrying out the mandate of the member.--,  and did it well. In all cases the unions  affected must give their consent before  such a thing as a strike shall occur.  I iknow personally the executives of  many unions who have been the means  of stopping numbers of strikes through  their intelligent handling and pointing  out to the local unions liable to be affected the fallacy of their position.  The executive of a union is a deterrent  to strikes. It is the brake which impedes the too fast running of the members. And for people to say that they  are irresponsible Is to talk about something they know absolutely nothing  about. The executive of a union prevents-more strikes than employers  have any Idea of, or are likely to have.  I know of hundreds of men to-day who  are on strike, and have been for  months, who are receiving no strike  pay, simply because they struck without consulting the executive    of  the  for the better, I hope.   I should be sorry to believe otherwise.   They do not  even yet realize that trade unions are  here and here to stay.    They <lo not  care whether y_cy have been the means  of bettering the condition of hundreds'  of thousands of men or -not.   They do  not care a rap If trade  unions have  been   the   means   of   getting   better  houses  for the    poor.    They  do  not  know that trade unions have been the  'means of getting better sanitary conditions in our mines, work shops and  factories.    They do not trouble  their'  heads to point out the good that trade  unions  have done,  and  ore doing, jn  spite of, and in the face ot such slanders, a thousand and one forces which  have tried to prevent the accomplishment of  these reforms    which   never  would have been enjoyed by the workers, where it not for trade unions agitation.   Some men can only see In a  trade union a clog in the wheel or the  capitalist,   which   prevents  lilm   from  grinding the masses down to conditions-  worse  thnn slavery. anJ  debars him  from accumulating wealth out of lhelr  bones and sinews as fast as'he would  like to.   The man who cannot see more  In a trade union than that Is physically  and morally blind to the facts of the  case.   Paupers, forsooth! It Is the trade  union   which  keeps  men from    being  paupers.   The trade union i.s the  reflection. In organized, crystnllzed form  of the host thought, activity and hopes  of  the  wage  worker.      The    world'*  greatest  thinkers  nre  now  beginning  to  nppieclatc  the   fact  thnt  the  de-  inauds or labor mean  iimm thnn  np-   Iiear on tlie .surface.  They see that the  demand for work is not alone one for  the preservation of life In tho Individual,   but  is a  humane,  Innate  right;  that the movement to reduce the hours  of  labor   Is   not sought  to  shirk   the  duty to toll, but the human mains by  which the workless workers may find  the road to employment; and that the  millions of hours of lticrcayed  leisure  to the overtasked workmen moan millions of golden opportunities for lightening  the burdens of the masses, -.to  make  the home    more    cheerful,   tho  hearts of the people lighter, their hopes  and  aspirations  nobler and   broader.  These nre only some of tlie things trade  unions are doing for the masses.   It is  a pity  men in  responsible    positions  should make use of language which is  not  fair to  the    weaker    vessel,  but  which might be tho stronger, If only  he used his brains a little more and  hurl from office men who,  by   using  euch unfair language, abuse their position, j. h. watson:  Vancouver. Oct. 10. 1901.   ���  ,f  When you want to blre a first-chum  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  llv#rr stables.  Telephone 126.  ft L  i  ,  '* Vv.i  -\.':��r THE INDEPENDENT.  SATOTtDAX' ���..OCTOBER, 12,19QJ  THE INDEPENDENT.  OBO. BARTLHY  Editor  HAiRKY OOWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   -SHE   IN.  TEREST  Off  QRGAlNISBb XiABOR  /Ji  BY  ffiUjS INDEPENDENT PRATING COM-  *..     - PANT.  AT   C2   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN ADVANCE!.  A week, G cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.25.  ENDORSED 1_V THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. THE V.VNCOU-  VBU LABOR 1'ARTY AND THH  BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY .OCTOBER, 12, 1901  RECREATION GROUNDS.  Time and again efforts have been put  forth by progressive citizens to obtain  recreation     grounds,     or     breathing  spaces, in different parts of the city,  tout  without    success.    An    esteemed  correspondent suggests ns follows that  the  school   play. grounds   be    opened.  This would be a -move in the right direction:' ���  '���'       "About  tlhe  latter    .part    of   April  ���last'I .wrote .to'the sohool board .and:  [  lacked them to ithrow open the public  school p.l'ay grounds to the public generally.   I'have mot yet received a written   acknowledgement   of   that  letter,  ibut I understand from-individual -members that 'the board is opposed to lh?  Idea.    They subsequently, 'however, in  one case In  uhe east end and one  in  ���Elffiirviett',  allowed   the grounds   to   be  ���used, on certain person or persons undertaking   to   become   responsible  for  any damage;  tliat is,  while they approved of the principle they object to  ���tihe expense.    "What I  strongly object  ito ds,  that a parent should be placed  under an obligation to any particular  private person before he Shall have the  privilege of playing on. a public school  ���ground.    It may be that this  private  Individual,  although of generous  motives, may ibe most objectionable and  offensive Ho   me,   and,    besides,    Just  imagine What popularity would accrue  to some designing politician should he  be the cause of throwing open all t'he  sohool grounds itihroughout the city to  the public uK_I_.crimina._ely, on simply  ���becoming surety, -for   any   damage.   I  do not believe the cost would exceed  $10  a  year.     .Now,  -the  school   board  'have  ihad  an  active  experience   this  summer in the two cases that I have  mentioned.    And   the  other    day,  on  making enquiry, I  was 't��ld that the  damage, if any, was little or nothing.  My object In writing to  you is that  some   representative   body,   non-parti-  aan, influential,  and a body specially  concerned in  the object,   that in   this  oity,  where public recreation grounds  are so difficult to obtain, by reason ol'  the great value of the land and great  cost in cleaning Jt, that while wc have  conveniently  .placed    .throughout   the  city about Ave or six distinct grounds  available   during   other   than   sohool  liours   lor  Purposes   of   recreation   to  old as well as young, where all would  [have  equal   rights   and   opportunities  ���without being compelled   to be under  the dirtct obligation of any man for  the  use  of  grounds   paid  for  by  the  ratepayers   generally.    I   tried  ito   impress on the school board Uiut it was  a sreat waste to tie up olicse grounds  sifter school hours, but I was ignored,  and  I now ask  that the Trades and  Labor .council take-Mils matter-up���'the  ���body, in my opinion, ,most closely con-  . ,/ierned In, the oliject-of^throwin^-them.  open   to  Che  public,   and  seeing  that  they are maintained 'by them, as well  as serving the -purposes of the school.  They will become, .in fact, Just so many  pleasure and recreation parks throughout the city, and at the same .time not  Interfering with schooi- purposesaohrd  interfering  with school   uses.   It  may  be itihought that the time to approach  the sctiool board Is not now, but' next  spring, but it this privilege be extended  now it is not at all likely that the incoming 'board   or  any ; future    board  ivwuld revoke the .privilege."-  Labor party will shortly hold a general  meelting for the purpose of organizing  for the winker.        .  Could it be possible that Andrew  Carnegie had in mind a certain trite  axiom anent music when he presented  350 organs to churches In Scotland?.  We are informed that' the water  which comes through the pipes at Victoria Is not lit to drink unless filtered.  But that -makes llttlo difference to  Victorians.  If the Duke would write a book on  "Cnniulians I have met," giving his  real, honest opinion of n_en,miO things  In this country, It would sell like hot  cukes.���lis.  In uhe Siocan the production of babies seems to be increasing faster than  the mineral 'output. ]f all Canada  made such.n record .we would need no  costly emigration agencies In Europe.���  The Ledge.  - Self-confldence, energy and persistence are necessary to success. K the  members of a union have these three  essentials, the highest aims of the organization can be attained.���Typographical Journal.  It will pay workingmen of wealth  who contemplate a visit to London  during .the coronation next year to go  over now nnd buy a line hotel.' The  princely salaried clerks should take  along  their  wives  and sweethearts.  the Trades and Labor Congress was  conducted on the narrow ground of  trades .unionism. -While such a position is tenable, yet the broadminded  man win readily see that to Be successful upon the political .field we must  perforce go out into the highways and  bye-ways nnd bring ail under the fold  of organized labor. The trades congress has pronounced for political Independence and it is largely a Political  duty it is called upon to perform.  Wh>*. then, should we be so narrow ns to  give a slni> In the faoe to independent  organizations which are after much  the same end aa we look forward to.���  Toronto Toller. "  When a man cries "fakir" to every  one who refuses to think as .he thinks,  and act as 'he acts, you can put him  down' as one of the 'faking fraternity  without fear of making much of a  mistake.���International 'Woodworker.  The Bulgarian brigands who demand  ��'MM0 ransom for. M'iss 'Stone, the  missionary, seem to estimate a lady's  weight and worth more than they do  In America. The average value placed  on working people here Is about $1,030  per .head.  The man wlio, having ithe highest authority In .Ills country, violates a sacred  law and causes .the loss of thousands  of men and millions of dollars through  war, is so great an anarchist that it  would .be impossible to find his equal ���  Paystreak.  Citizen and Country, of Toronto, is  nothing if not progressive. It has  changed its size from u seven-'eolumn  four-page to four-column eight-page  paper.' Citizen and Country- is Canada's socialist* advocate, and! ���what it  docs not iknow of socialism is not worth  knowing.  The Domestic Servants Union of Ottawa has discovered that there are now  ten Chinese helpers In the homes of  that City of OO.ooo people. The number is small, but the fnot thnt John  has found an entrance to the Ottawan  home greatly disturbs the peace of mind  of the organised white domestic ihelp-  ers. They are thinking how best to  check the inroad. One idea is to denounce the employer of the Chinamen,  and the" Hon. Mr. Blair |s already in'  trouble on that score. Meanwhile, there  ���is every likelihood that the Chinese  domestic helpers of Ottawa will grow  from the ten of to-day to a hundred or  more' in a year or so; John is very  naturally going East and the labor  problem that ihe raises will in a short  tame not be one of our Pacific Province  only..  A rich and beautiful Showing of the  latest Dress Falbnics for Fall, 1001.  Every wantable Itlnd of material Is  Included In tlhls showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed na correct The Tesult Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which we mention a few of the  wenives we have In the latest designs  and shades.  HHBOLINE, VODNBTIAiNS,  HOMESPUNS, OHBVIOTS,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTH'S,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We link you to call and see them.  We iknow tlhe prlco will do the rest.  IR  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the malls reach.  A steady growth marks the number  of co-operative printing plants in Italy.  The cities of Rome, Bologna, Florence,  Turin, Milan, Como, Imola, Siena, Fo-'  ligno, Ternd and Perugia possess ofllces  of this character, and! others are being  formed ln the minor centres of tlie  country.  * <i a matter of fact why should  imbling In a Joint be any moie of a  Ime thnn gambling in a palace?  We may not be anarchists, but  there are mighty few of us who don't  expect eventually to be mixed up in a  plot.  The reason flgui-es lie Is because so  many persons iknow how to make  Ithem talk, especially around election  time.  It Is expected that   the   Vancouver  A resolution regarding the label, recently passed by the Maccabees, reads  like this: "That we favor the use of  the 'label of the International Typographical Union on our printing and  that it be so placed when done in union  offices and in conformity with the laws  of the order." As a result of tills action, union offices are now getting practically all of the Maccabees' printing.  The ipostmaster-general has written  to Mr. Maxwell informing .him that in  future tlie uniforms' of letter carriers  'will be made In the cities, where the  men who wear thern are located, i Our  member has been urging Mr. Mulock  for some time to take this step, which  is one in the right direction, inasmuch  that tlie wages of tailors prevailing in  the district where the clothes are not  only made but worn will -be observed*.  The. Winnipeg; Voice says that J. H.  Watson,: of  Vancouver, although   not  present-ait the convention of the Dominion Trades and Labor congress at  Brantford, wus awarded-special mention by that body for the telling work  he has done the past year. British Columbia has .moved up to a strong position on this congress roll. To which  we may add that "Joe" .Is one of the  stalwarts in the movement in these  parts. ' .    ���   ������  There are said to be three sorts of  cheese paring, illustrated in this .way.  A bachelor In search of a wife was  enamored equally of three sisters, until he saw them eating cheese. The  first pared the cheese anil ate the  parings; the second pared so deeply  that little of the cheese was left to l-e  eaten, the third paied with great dls1  cretion, ate the good, and threw awav  the bad. 'She won the prize. That I?  the sort of cheese paring which the  government should practise; and it  should not be put off. from trying to  save money, by any generic sneer  about cheese Paring.  The discussion of the question of admitting the "Winnipeg Labor party to  The commission of Labor Commissioner Bremner, of British Columbia,  has been cancelled. Mr. Bremner was  appointed about sixteen months ago,  and his duties were conilned to British  Columbia, Where he has been busy ever  since assisting lii the pacification and  settlement'of the many serious troubles  that have arisen there. His wonk has  been good iind his Judgment sound! in  nearly all cases. If .his presence has  saved the dispatch of a single commissioner across the continent on a conciliatory mission, as it undoubtedly lias,  then his appointment has saved thousands of dollars, and his dismissal at  this t3me ,is unexplainable. Bremner  did.not seek the Job, and it is quite  conceivable that his 'recommendations  haive been a little too .practical and insistent to suit the powers that be at  Ottawa.���The Voice.  The Rev. Charles A. Eaton, the well-  known Baptist minister of Toronto,who  was lately induced to accept the pastorate of the Euclid Avenue Baptist  Church,'" Chicago^' whioh. Mr. J. D.  Rockefeller was supposed largely to  control, has made his mark very distinctly. He has preached so pointedly  on the duties of men and even multimillionaires, that Mr. J; 'D. Rockefeller  has practically fled front ,the Church  and taken under his fostering care another Baptist Church In Chicago, with  a young minister of his choice. Dr.  Baton realised the situation and In respect of it, made, the other day,' the  following explanation: "I don't care  how rich a man Is, or how poor 'he may  be; I dbn't care how ignorant or how-  wise he is thought to be; It makes no  difference with me whether a man has  10 cents or $1,000,000. When I enter this  pulpit I enter It as an expert in morals  and see not the personality of people  who sit before me, but the souls to be  saved-" Dr. Eaton seems to be quite a  stalwart of the pulpit, having all. the  courage of his convictions. ���: ;  ��� �����������������������������������������*���  <���  <���  o  o  <>  ii  <>  <���  o  <>  Gnme of Ril kinds; Clam Chowder: < ,  Doefstako Puddings and nil short or-  dors a specialty. ' '  <>  <>  ..  O  GRILL ROOM.  IIEADWUHTEltS FOB AIL KINDS OF  f  tion given to banquets und (linucrK.  C. THOURET      -     -      Managek  &Oivds a^cCcc^tcSi^  < ><������������������������ ��Q������>><��'��^����'����>'��-����������<��������^  ij To be faithful  ��������������������������������������������  ���Dr. Hargrave, who was at the last  Dominion election^ Socialist candidate  tor Centre Toronto, has a more pvne-  tlcul ibeht than some of his associates.  Thus, w-hen the Canadian -Socialist  League at a recent meeting In Toronto decided to exact ol all its members  a pledge amongst others to advocate  and work for the public ownership of  all means of production, the Doctor  demurred. "The Fabian Society"���he  _snldT=^had_-dO"he__the���most���effective.  Alexandria Lager  Is a pure, wholesome beverage,  and contains no harmful ingre->  dients. It is highly recommended as a tonic for weak and  debilitated people.  Doering & Mar strand  TELEPHONE 429.  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To seryo all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments" with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.  Union Mutual Life Insurance Co  PORTLAND, MAINE. Iscobporatbd 1848'.  Call or write for particulars and plans     \  Head Ofwce : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  <>  o  <>  <>  <>  <��  <>  <>  o  <��  i:  <��  <���  o  <i  <���  <>  o  <;  o  <��  <>  <���  <>  <"  <>  o  <>������������������������<������������������������������>�������� �����*��������������������  JOHNSON if*  HIGGINS  Fashionable Tailors.  <A s  WE have just opened a fresh stock of goods  purchased by Mr. Johnson, who recently  returned from (llaggow.  Scotch Tweeds,  Irish Serges and  English Worsteds  105 Cordova Street, Vancouver.  Notices.  work for Socialism in England, hut it  did not pronounce ,in favor of public  ownership of ull the means of production n-nd distribution, but only such  means ��s would conduce to industrial  freedom. .Even that was far more than  ho. expected to see realised in his lifetime and as practical -men and women  they should not ailm at the unattainable, but keep on the earth, if he wus  to be read out of Hie Canadian Socialist Leatrue, because he did not believe In the public ownership, of .-nil  means of production, he would stay on  the, outside, but would work Just as  heartily as ever for the public contiol  of the great mono|H>llcs and trusts."  Vancouver'.) contributions to the Extension disaster relief fund have as  yet been wry small���some few dolalra  only. Those of Victoria have already  reached nearly $1,000, and are growing  by about $100 a day. victoria Is rather  more closely assoohntcd with Extension than is Vancouver.butthepeopleof  o>ur Oity and District have presumably  been largo user.s of Its cool and  the colliers may therefore 'be consider  ed to Jiave some natural claim to a  moderate amount of aid in tlie form of  donations. It is thought by some that  people here are holding back, to see  what the Colliery Company���itself a  very heavy loser and' sufferer���will  Klve. It is, however, only fair to say,  that dn the case of tlie Cumberland disaster, the list of subscriptions was  closed by a very large donation from  the colliery owners, which praotically  doubled the relief fund. This would  seem by Inference to take away t'he  force of the objection raised. However  there might well be established a general and permanent collier)- accident  relief fund for the miners of Vancouver Island, so as to lessen greatly the  need of emergency appeals. The various Miners' Executives are meeting at  Nanalmo on Saturday to consider proposals of mutual benefit and it may ba  that one of their objects is to establish a general accident relief fund. It  certainly mlsht well be made one of the  objects of the meeting, if it be not already .included in the agenda.���N��ws-  Advc-rllser.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT-THE  next regulnr sitting of the Board of Liconse  Commissioners for the City of Vancouver I  shnll apply for a transfer of tbe Saloon License,  now huhl by me for the Criterion Srloon, street  number -131, Granville street, on Lot 11, Block  22, part of Lot 041, to Fltzpatrick & Mercer.  (Signed.) W. P. KENT.  Vancouver, Oct. 8, 1901.  NOTICE IS IIEKEHY GIVEN THAT AT TIIE  next regular silting of ttao Board of Licumo  Commissioners for llie City of Vancouver, wc  shall apply for a transfer of the Shop Liconse,  now held by us for the premises, 7_6 Ponder  street, to tlio Gold Seal Liquor Company,  limited (F. E. Hose, manager), to the premises  situated on 722 l'cuder street, Lot 4, Block 92,  Sub-division Ml.   (Signed.)  ALBERT E. TULK.  F. E. 110S.E.  Vancouvor, Oct. 8,1901.  A tllspateh nays that S3 lell'T  1-n.rrlorn, appointed ulltcr a civil eer-  vlce cKiuiiliuitioi, have bi-en juldod' to  New Yonk'N fore*". Twelve of tjieso  men were nut at work In the general  post olllce and thu others distributed  among branch ofllces. The total foive  of letter carriers now employed In the  New York post oflice Ih 1,627.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are gunr-  anived to restore falling appetite and  oorrec*-. any kind of stomach trouble.  60 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  BOY WANTED.  A. youth who has had eome experience  in printing office composing room. Ap-  I iy "K", office of this paper.  PUBLIC NOTICE  To the members of the Mainland  Steamshipmen's Protective and -Benevolent 'Association of British Columbia:  Take notice that.the above,association proposes to change Its corporate  name to that of the British Columbia  ���Steamshipmen's Society, and that a  special meeting of the members of the  said association is hereby called for  Monday the fourth day of November,  nineteen hundred, and one, In the city  of Vancouver, at the -K. of P. hall, at  3 p. im.', to decide as to the advisability  of  making above  change.  In witness whereof we have hereunto signed our names and affixed the  seal of the association.  This fourth day of October, in the  year of our Lord one thousand! nine  hundred and one.    (Signed.)  CHAS. HAMILTON THOMPSON,  President.  GEORGE NOONAN,  A. MU TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DXAI.KB IM  Fish, Game, Fruit, and .  vegetables.  112 Cokdova St. 'Phone 442  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH  DAILY '  MONTREAL BAKERY  WESTMINSTER AVKOTB.  o  o  , XAKE8 A 6PBCIALTY 07 . .  Dewors special liqueur, also ���  ���LARGE STOCK OF��� .  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  [Seal.]  "Secretary.  THF H IH  From Tholr Nanalmo, bouthfleld and  Protocttou Island lolllerUu,  Steam, Gas  and  Mouse Coal  OI tho Following Grade*:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tfae Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL V. EOBINS, Superintendent,  ,    EVANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agenti,  Vancouver City, B. C  a Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  CoiIIEB COEDOVA AND CAB-RAiL.'  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters (or tho engineering trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST"--^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms Irom SO cents np.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  The"  nmm mm  Having tho Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  in 1). C. which In itself Ib a guarantee  ol ftFlrst-ClMs Hotel and Restaurant.  Seymour Streeet,  ��AVOY   THEATRE  8. Simmon   J Towmkno   .General Manager.  ...Stage Mauag��r.  Week Commencing  Monday, Oct. 14.  A Show for the People.  '���Quantity end Quality Combined."  Massey- Harris and Stearns  ui situs BICYCLES au. raws   AT-   KENDALL'S. 328 Cordova St  The est placo In B. 0. to have jou - ,  Bicycle repaired.     , *,  'ft  \\  hw*^��yw:(A^*___m.'*nrKrw;ff*wrwn7��^  < >   J  '>** ' V1 *  iLi  '*(���- \ m  SATURDAY OCTOBER, IS, 190}..  THE INDEPENDENT.  =��  (Continued from Sept _f8th.)  WHAT IS MM ?  By G. R. Maxwell, M. P.  I .put this question, and attempt to  sanswer it, (because I .hold that we shall  ���Clever have rational views about eco-  -nomlcs until we have proper views of  ��� man.   We ,have seen then that man is  ��� n. physical being, with certain physical  i needs, which a. .true Industrial' system  ��� will  ever  demand to 'be satisfied."   I  proceed a step further, and say that  .man is a thinking being, or an inUl-  . lectual being. Our'present Industrial  -system Is ibased upon the narrowest  :loundaitlon possible, and  the hope7of  ��� the laborer Is reduced to a question  ��� of bread and butter. Jn one way work-  .������ing men are; taught to be satisfied If  they can get bread und butter���that  : is deemed sufficient for them���while ln  ��� another way, so far as the system Itself  ��� Is considered, not even that small and  'scanty thing,:'It appears,, is .provided  'for 'him. In Our Mutual Friend, a man  there estimates the needs of the ferryman's'daughter im: beef; and beer. It  was a question, he said, of so many  pounds of beef, and so many pounds  of .porter. The ibeef and the porter  were the fuel necessary to Jceep the woman working. She was only to have as  much fuer as would keep her -physical  .Organism working, at high pressure,  while, the estimate of the woman's  needs are both  Low andBrutal,  yet the very same ���calculation has -been  made by capitalists in order to keep  the machine man going.   He must be  .'.true,'however* to the contents of man's  nature, no matter how systems are  smashed, 'by showing their falsity, and  there Is no fact more .patent, and indisputable, than -that man 'Is more tlia,n  em engine, that he has more than a  boiler "to All with bread and butter,  and that he is an intelligent, thinklns  being. When Shakespeare penned these  Immortal  lines���lines  which  no  false  :system of political.economy can rob of  ���their deep meaning,, and which, no capitalist can be permitted to Ignore:  "What a piece of work ds man! How  noble In reason! How Infinite in fac-  .tllty!���he was thinking and speaking of  the mind in man.   You remember the  .famous dictum of Sir .William Hamilton,., one of the greatest philosophers  thait ever lived, "on earth, there Is  nothing great but man: In man, noth-  ! Ing grcatrbut'mlnd." Man,-then,'has  an intellectual being, and everyone,  save these,  would be wise men, who  'has studied that wonderful endowment,  rises  from   the  contemplation    of  It,  ;thrilled and amazed'.   It Is a -vicious,'  Ani Ignoble System, '  no matter how .popular dt may be, no  matter who supports it, that blights,  withers, and destroys, the greatest,  and the noblest part of a man's life.  I write in sorrow, but it is true, that  the .policy- which is now ���constitutional,  and which has i been, supported an3  defended by those lh authority, is one  which seeks ito keep the' masses ignorant, iiai has been regarded, simply  :as a beast ot burden, as a senleeable  animal. He has been told again and  again, that his chief and only business  in life was to toil. Of course, It is  true that the masses are not ignorant,  tout -It they have got 'beyond intellectual darkness, it has ibeen In- spite, of  the capitalist who feared at all times  the. dawn of knowledge, because he  was afraid that If the workman knew  more than he did 'he would cease to  'be either pliable or serviceable to them.  If man Is ever to bo subordinate to  .man, if there are to be such relations  in life as master and1 servant, the bond  ���of; union must be 'knowledge and not  ��� ignorance. The light'has come. Knowledge, her uses, charms, delights, and  pleasures, hnve been Painted by poets,  -sung 'by singers of all 'kinds,- and  praised by tlie .best of men, until now  ���,-;the.'���workman feels that the domain of  knowledge is as much his as any  -other,  : Because He Has a Mind.  Tt need be no wonder now to nny man,  "If the laborer feels and says, a, system which shuts*me out of this, blessed  reialni. that does .violence to my nature,  ���thnt creates Intellectual atrophy, must,  In the nature of things,, be a wrong system, und that a true system' will create time, opportunity, and means for  my development. The mind In every  man has a. right to live, to be developed, and to ibe fed. The food for the  ,-growth of mind is there. He ought to  Hiiuve his fair share of It. No man,  therefore, can live a. worthy human  life, if toil Is made so burdensome, as  Uo make .Intellectual pursults'pnactical-  ly an impossibility. We iflnd further  Xrom 'the contents of man's nature,  that man is a'social" being". How high'  he may rise, or how low he may sink,  Sepends upon whether he receives fair  JUay'or foul play! Solitude 'is good in  some Instance's, but'man is not a soll-  ���tary'anlmaJ. or being. :��� To drive a man  out of the social sphere, Is either.to  make him a, madman, or -reduce him  to the -level of a .brute. The atory of  Robinson Crusoe reads all night, but no  mian feels that he would like to spend  his days on a solitary island. The  reason of that is, man iknows, that he  is not complete in himself. The conjugal relation is natural. Men seek It  because their nature impels them.  It Is Not Good to ibe Alone.  Every man needs an Eve, either to  mend or end him. Then' there is the  ���parental'.relation; Man requires* an  Eve to be the mother of his children.  The best of men, delights In a child,  for the helpless child draws out all  that is best In him. Then there is  the, social relation. Families draw to  families, individuals with individuals,  and'we Waive friendships formed, loved  and cultivated. The cruel relation ensures solidarity, - defence, una protection, t'he moral relation circumscribes our conduct, and compels  us to-do as we would be done by. In  each of ���these relationships man flees  front -solitude, and seeks companionship and friendship. Man requires all  thesp relationships in order to 'make  him the man nature Intended him to  he. -Crush or cramp him i-iid'.you spoil  the work of God. - Man has a right to  enter society, to share all that is best  in It, and to have his nature ripened  and sweetened in It. The more pure,  the more elevating, the more helpful,  the. more human you can make these  social relationships the more perfect  will be the man that-will come forth.  A system then that ignores this fa/4,  that plays false with the working man,  that makes a social .pariah of him, Is  one, on the very face of It, that ought  not to exist.  Money is No Standard  by which to judge men. In a world,  'suchas ours, caste is an abomination.  T'he man who tolls, who spins!'-'-Should  have more rights, than the man who  riots and levels. His social nature  should have fair play, tor the more the  chorda of that wondrous harp���the  heart���is touched by man and woman,  the more perfect becomes the melody  of existence. The- contents of man's  nature shows that he Is 'a playful crea-'  tore, a healthy man Js an energetic  man, In sport as/ in everything else.  ,Health arid play are ���; synonymous. It  is the unhealthy man who is sad, who  has fits of the -blues,-who,desires to  shuffle olf his mortal coil, who becomes soaked with, thespli'lt of 'pessimism, and who lies down and grunts  and growls ut everything. The man  of health, the whole man who is getting justice, who is getting as a Just re-  ward for what he does, Is naturally n  happy man.. Whew your hear a man  complaining there is something wrong.  A healthy man has a fund of force, or  \-lni,  or  life.    And lt Is natural that  i  that should go  , In Sport or Recreation or Athletics.  As I said before, our present system  proceeds on the basis that man is simply a -working machine. Hence the  hours of labor iwere mode so long as  to make-'itjlm-posslble for the working  man to, have a.ny recreation. Things  are mending;.but even now with nine  or. ten hours: labor,'what time is left  for the man to enjoy himself? .Many  come home so tired that sleep, is sought  at once, and his whole being is starved  to deaths There Is no doubt hut'that  the -hours of labor should be shorter,  that tlie Intellectual and social side .of  his being should have fair play. - To be  just-to man, just to .the contents of his  nature, due provision should be made  In u' true system for his development.  It seems .inexplicable to me why men  conspire to make this world the most  miserable, and the most wretched of  Places. Why run things to the  ground? Why such hurry, such haste,  such speed? -Why shorten life?- Why  run as fast as .you:can; to the gnuve?  may, differ from some, but I feel that  it Is grand, that It is uplifting to bow  before One who la -perfect In Justice,  goodness and -truth. It to sublime to  call the subllmest, the highest,, the  holiest, our Father. Man thus leaps  Into conscious relationship with all  that,- breathes, sings and/ lives. He  wal'kfl this earth with the thoughts  and feelings of. a prince, 'because as  My Father made them  What a solitude, ana  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  KHDORMD BV TKC A. f. or if  Cowper sings:  all.    No God!  what a crushing blow to the rights of  man.   I believe that' when man comes  In touch with what Is dlvlnest, a part  of that goes Into him, and makes him  better.  Man Must Worship,  but let him worship the best, and let  him haive time and opportunity to develop this the truest and noblest part  of his nature. Such, then, according  to my thinking, are the contents of  man's nature, and such Is the man  whom Mal.thus says he has no "claim to  the smallest portion of food, arid has  no business Jn this world, and for  whom nature provides no place at her  mighty feast. These men have room  for dogs arid horses, but no 'room.for  the flower of creation. Such statements to me are absolute falsehoods.  They are the offspring of a low, selfish,  base, mean 'View of life. They are the  creations of a .vicious, inhuman industrial system. I have briefly touched on  the excellencies of man's nature; a  closer study would make these more  evident, hut I have said enough to convince any reasonable man that a system which .reduces man to the level of  the brate creation cannot be a system  that is going to last long. A change  must.come, Have you ever seen how  pictures are preserved in the rich  man's mansion house? So be it.: I do  not grudge .that, but man is better,  than the f best picture ever painted,  and more valuable than anything that  ���has come from the brush.the brain, or  the heajit of a Rubens oi*. a Titian.  When, the earth becomes robbed  .through a false system of the physical,  Intellectual, social and religious powers  of humanity, then will we exclaim, her  glory and her wealth have departed.  One of the visions which" one of our  great thinkers was always seeing, was  Perfected Humanity,  or a perfect man. What works against  that perfection, must not only toe condemned, but swept away. What hinders, retards and 'keeps back that delightful consummation must he swept  away._JWork, study, society, sport, religion, all should be a means to an  end," and that end ever must be a perfect man. How?- I reply in the words  of the Master of Men: Just as-man  was not made for the Sabbath, but the  Sabbath for man, so man is not made  for a system, -but a; true system, is  made for anan.' Men made our present  system,: and ever- since for the glory  of the system, they have been killing  men. Under a'System, in which man  in his fulness is everything, the be all  ���and the end of all life/there '-will.-be  enough for all, and at little cost; and,  through it, 'man-Willi, reach ..up andi forward towards his complete redemption.  ONI.THIRO ��0TU��L aiZ[,  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only daring- months named on right  band corner and when properly signed and  btahtbd with the number of tbe Local, �� _  UNION BARBER SHOTS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop. Hastings Btreet.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Bills, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Smalley'o Barber Shop, Cordova  street  The "Whittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union,Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeyUandit)���  Granville street, under Trorey's.  A. O. McCutoheon, Mount Pleasant.  tBouldor 'Barl*er .Shop, Cordova Street  r  The favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  Turner, Beeton if* Co.  Wholesale*^ Ag<at>  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA.. NSLSON, B. c.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c boitle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Why make life an infirmary? Win- fill  the air with groans of the dying? Why  drive out all the brightness and sunshine of life? Why this grind, grind,  grind? Why this everlasting production? Why this haste to be rich? Why  this senseless passion for money?  Why pale cheeks when they should be  losy? Why heartaches, body aches,  head aches, and mind aches, when :ill  should be sound?-.'..Why?'  Because Our System Is Wrong.  From tort to bottom, 'radically, everlastingly wrong. AVe need a new system under which our present hideous  pursuit for money will be deemed a  criminal, offence, when, the massing of  It will be a criminal offence, and when  man'sncedswill be the only sane consideration In tolling and spinning.  Then the .proud' boast will be not our  millionaires, not our .money, but our  healthy, happy, full developed men and  .women. True to the contents of man's  endowment I find that man Is a religious being.. I do not nay that he is  this or that, but I believe his natuie  shows that .'man .must ever .-worship  some one .better,' greater and nobler  than himself.,  I .may -be wrong, 'and I  "CO-OPSRATIVE BUI'LDINO AND  . ��� JOINERY WOKKS.'  Among the proposals of the genear.il  council of the Amalgamated Society of  Carpenters and Joiners, now under  consideration, by the members, is one  relating to co-operative ibulldlhg. ami  joinery .wortts...;.."The resolution ad-  ���Mises that these works should be established in favorable districts, wherein  the capital employed and profits earned  must be the, property of tlv.  whole society, and under the direct  control of the executive council. It  is also provided that the capital so employed shall in every case be strictly  limited1 to the amount decided upon;by  the council. In the event of the mem  bers~adoptlng .tho~co-operative_scheme  the funds for carrying on the same  must be raised by -means of a general  per capita tax of sixpence a member  for four weeaks. It will he seen,  ���therefore, -that the question, on which  the ivote hinges,, is whether the levy  sliall-be made. Ut Is held that, by  trying an experiment In co-operation  tho society shnll 'pave the way ,-to a  much wider application of, tho principle. The . experience of Hull and  Blackpool, Kngland, where the unions  of Wieso cities haive already made a  start. In this direction, appears to prove  thnt In time of strike or lockout lar.ee  sums - of money fan ibe saved to the  society In strike pay where such works  exist, by employing many ofthe members in turn at full wages. It alio  provides an additional lever to .bring  pressure on'employers to give way, by  the society's members doing, work  which, under ordinary, clroumstiinces,  would haive been done by builders and  contractors. The proposed assessment will realize about thirty thousand dollars. This sum' will permit of  a 'good start' being made without,  In any way, trenchlngi on the general  funds ofthe society.'  Following is o. list of the Union ed-  gar factories In Brinish Oolumlblia wiho  use..fche blue iaibel:  W. Tietjon, No. 1���Dlvlslbn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Co. No. 2���Division No. 88.  Vancouver.  Imlana Oigar Mlanufatoturing Company, No. 3-JMvtlBion No. 88, Kkuntooois.  .B. WBSIberg & Co., NO. 4���OWvision N6.  38,, New; Westminster.  T. Wtaalioak, No. C���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Ketawnai Shlppero' Unton Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Kelowna.  Wrtgfot Bros, No. 9���Division No. 38,  BoEfeland. * . ���     '  Kootenay CUgar MlanudJajoturing Oom-  t*uiy, Nlo. 10���DUvtision No. 38, Ne4son.  Melra & Johnson, No. 2�����inrtetfon No.  37, VHctorta.  M. BlanlUIe<y, No. 5-divUBl.oa No. 37,  Victoria. /  Osl'and Cigar JPaldtkwy, S. Norman, No.  6���Division No.' 37, Victoria.  (Province Cigar Co., No. 7-D_vJs!on  No. 37, Victoria.  A. Sefhaioter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Gable, !N*o. 9-DivIsion. No. 37, Nanaimo.  i J. Lery, No. U-4Div(lslIoii No. 37, Vic-  toria.  M. J. Booth, No. U���J3ivMon No. 37,  Nanaimo.  C. G. BeQinsen���Divdstton NVj. 37, Victoria.  . T.   F.  Gold,   Capitol  Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 5���Division No.  38, Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Division No. 38,  Sandon.  Jlhelln & MoDonough; No. 12���Division 38, Nelson.  P.O. BOX 2*. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan e. Co.,  Wholesale Aghnts for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands;  MONOGRAM, MAEGTJERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Streot and Columbia Ayenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  V^r,(?S^E?, TRIADES AMD LABOR  r,^9VN?Ifc-^rerSld<-nt- John Crow; vlc��  president, W. J. Lamrick; secretary, T. H  i-ioss: nnancial secretary, TV. J Beer-  treasurer C. Crowder; statistician,. Xv'.  McKisssoclt; sergeant-at-arms, G-. P. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday in  each month, at 7.30 p.m., in Union hall,  corner Dunsmniir and Homer streets.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' TNTEIRNA-  TIONiAL UNION, /No. laP-President,  G. W. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H. Leg-  Katt;. corresponding - ilnancial secretary,  t). P. Johnson, 105 Hastings St. Bast;  recording' secretary, C. D. ���'��� Morgan;  treasurer, J. A. Bavidson: guide, J. A.  Stewart; guardian, E. Morgan: delegates  to T. & L. Council, Messrs. Dibden and  G.-W. Isaacs. :���. Meets: first and third  Wednesdays of each month in. Union  Hall.  The Mint,  la located at tho corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer,5cen_s  COOKS, WAITERS AND "WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president.1 W.-.W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H.: Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundos; treasurer,: Wm. Ellonder. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p, m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANC0U;R TTPOGRIAPHICAL UNION,  No 225 meet the last Sunday ln eaoh  month at. Union . hall. . presldont, C. 3.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wllbv:  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P.'-O.; box 66;  treasurer, W. Brand; eergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive��� committed'.:-E.  L. WoodTuff, s. R.-RoM), J. H. Browne  N. 'Williams; delegates to Trades and  Lahor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J. H. Browne.  STREET - RAILWAiT .MIEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  eaoh- month, in Sutherland-Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue' and Hastings Street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John Frlzzel]; secretary,; A. .G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden, D. Smith;  6entinoI, T. Dubberley; ; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A.  McDonald.  .UNITED. BROTHERHOOD OF C5AR-  PBNTEiRS and Joiners���Meets overy second and fourth Thursday .n Union Hall,  room* No. 3. President, WW.'F. MoICen-  zle, 487 Ninth ��� avenue; vice-president.  Hu��rh Wilson: recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; flnamolal secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georgw  WtJker;: conductor, Jas. Ferguson; warden,'Jos. Dixon: delegates to T. and L.  council. Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson.  H. Wilson.  THE RETAIL OLERKS' INTI5RVA-  TIONiAL PROTECnVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the flrst and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, (president: XV. 3 iLamrlck, secre-  tary, ais Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. iM., meets everv Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. Prosld��nt.  R..Aitkcn; vice-president, C. A. Melvllls;  secretary. A. Rapnr. Van Anda, B. C:  treasurer,.. H. V. price; conductor, F-  Burt; -warden, John Linklater.  TEL. 346.  Your Blankets  and Woolens  Need Laundering  , You couldn't do better than to have  us do them lor you.  Wo hnve special facilities for doinc  them right. **  We seiid those articles back to you  clean and soft and without sbrinkW  thorn in tho least.  Have a talk with us about the matter  Use tho telephone or hail ono ol our  urlvers-or perhaps you prefer to call  down hero,  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  Phone 346. 910 - 914 Richards St  WHITE LABOB ONLT.  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  LA.. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, /The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova streot.  Clubib & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MdHae & MoDonald, Hastings street,  east.  ,J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  E. Lai-sen, Hastings Street.  J. CarreWI, Cordova street.  Blmon & Co., Cordova street  The Ind��l)enden't wants a report of  each union meeltln'g and. newis concerning rthe m��mit>&rs of every organization.  Such reports and news will do much to  sustain and cre&to Interest In the organizations. Secretaries are especially  urgieU to oeml In: these reports, bull  news from,any mam/ber of an organisation will be rebelled with pleasure.  PARIS GKBBN. HELLEBORE  ANDD WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of tho CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale 'by tho McDowell, Atktas, Watson Company, Tbe  Dniggtete, Vancouver.  -,  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCTATTOn of  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. ]S3-  Moets second and fourth Wodnesdav In  each month .in Union Hall. -President,  " m. Beer: corresponding secretary. E.  Tlmmlns, 726 Hamilton street; flnandaj  secretary,  J. H. MoVety,   1211 Seymour  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION.  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall, Homer  streot, every first and third Saturday in  each month nt S p. m. Ernest Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  JOUREY'MEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Unlon^ of  -America.-Local "No.-'16, Vnncouvcr, B.  C. President. James Webster: vice-president, J. W. Wilkinson; recording secretary. .Murdo MftcLean, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary, H. MoMulIln  Toronto Candy Co.; treasurer, W. A.  Wcods. 355 Ninth A-vo, Mt.: Plciisant;  corresponding socrot.-iiK F. HawllngB,  .Barnwell Bros.. Granville street: miifl-  tcrs-nt-arms, F. Jloylos nnd .Fred Bar-  tie: delegates to T. & L. Council, F.  Rawllngs and 3. W. Wilkinson.  CIGARIMAKBRS' UNION INO. SV7���  Moots tho llret Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President. A. Koehel;  ^���ce-prosident, P. Crowder: secretary.  G-, Thomas, Jr.. US Cordova street w��st;  ticnsurnr, S. W. Johnson: scrReant-at-  nrms, J. XV. Brat': delegates to Tmdos  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF'PAINTERS AND  .DECORATORS. Local Union No. . l.tS.  Mtrots overy Thursday lu lji.l>or -Hall,  preslilwit AV. Pu-vler; vice-president, EX  Crush; sivrotary. c. Plnder. 17M raghth  arcniw. Falrviow; tn'flsurer. 11. MeSorley.  JOURNEYMIEN TAIIX)RS' UNION- OF  AMERICAl No. 17S-Mcets altornato  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams, vlco-prosldont. Miss  Ornhnm; recording sccrotar\% H. 0.  Burritt; financial secretaov Walfrcd  Larson; treasurer, C E. Nollson; ser-  cennt-at-arms, A.  J.  Kennedy.  For the next, SO days you can get a suit at  your own prico at  THE   ACME  To introduce our now system of Uil*il��| te-  fore our Fall Stock anlves. -   '  21 Georgia St. * tl. Holland, Cotter.  CpmABiAtiy  ���yii&&cii*\itz.i  and        * "  SOO  PACBEIC  UNE  World's  Scenic  Koafe  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points ln Canada and tho United Btatet  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBAD��  CKOSSINQ THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOB JAPAN AND CHINA.  EmpreBS of India.'::..............V.   ..... .Oct ��  Athenian .....Oct M  Empress of Japan  ..:...Not. *  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOB HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Aorangi .Oct. 1��  Monna Not. lft  Miowora   Dec 13  and overy four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars aa to time rate* ��to_  apply to  K. J. COYLE, JAMKS SCLATEB,  A.G.P.A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hasting* St,  Vancouver, B; o.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you, use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  ��� ���<���; Streets. ��� -  |  KIM  'MSySSSiiiiiBB THE INDEPENDENT.  SATITRDAT ,  .OCTOBER, IS, 1901  SALBIAGIIDI.  HOPELESS LOVE.  {That silent, touching, drooping eye,  VCiiat look ol woe, 'that melting sigh,  Sjioalc   what    Jio   human     heart   can  soothe,  Tlio keen, sharp pang of Hopeless Love.  Hope may the captive's chains relieve;  Time hid tlie mourner cease to grieve:  31ut hope nor time can e'er remove  The throb of lusting, Hopeless Love,  OC all the ills the feeling mind,  in this sad pilgrimage may find,  Those   strike   the   most,  the deepest  move,  That wound the breast witli Hopeless  Love.  Pain, sickness, poverty and care,  31<\>rtune may heal, or friendship share;  Iiut spare me,  heaven!   that  cup  remove,  >Vhose bitter draught ds Hopeless Love.  Xron'don, June, 1S22. It. B.  fie had made an example of Malcolm  Campbell by- paying him oft for not  starring at the proper hour. "Great  Scott, sir!" ejaculated the foreman,  "that chap was only ilookln' for a job."  ���Philadelphia Telegram.  The only real  "union label"   is   the  marriage certificate.���Botton  Bulletin.  Doolcy says: "The only spoorts me  wife ain't good at is washin' an' cook-  in'."  The prodigal son gets the fatted veal,  but the prodigal daughter is given the  icy mitt.  A man would doubtless be just as irritable as a sitting hen were lie placed  an a similar position.  "Tve just left Mr. Brayne, and it's  quite a relief 'to meet you. He is so  intellectual,   you   know!"���Punch.  Mrs. Justweu*���Do you remember  those cigars I gaive you last year?  Mr. Justwed���Not if 1 can help it.���  St. Louis Star.  He���I have always said that I would  not marry a girl who was stupid. She���  But how are you going to know?���  Town and Country.  Here is an advertisement that deserves response. It reads: "If John  Smith, wlio thirty years ago deserted  Jhis poor wife and babe, will return,  said babo v.'Hl knock the stuffing out  ol him."���Ex.    ���  ^"'Nowadays all monafchs learn a  trade," remarked Mr. Darley. "What  is the king or England's trade?" Mrs.  Carley asked. "Judging from the large  number o�� orders he has conferred, I  ehould say ho is a decorator."���Detroit  SFree Press.  Marriageable women in Servla have  n, queer way of announcing they are  in the matrimonial market. A dressed  doll, hanging in the prinicpal window  of a house, indicates that there is living there a woman who is anxious to  fceeome a bride.  He (rather diffident)���Er���now that  we are engaged. I suppose you���er���  .won't object to my kissing you? She  <much less so)���Certainly not; help  yourself. And when mamma comes in  I want you to Ociss her also. He���S���  Bay, let's b���break the engagement!  President Roosevelt is surrounded by  an official family or short names. In  the cabinet we have Boot, Hay, Smith,  Xiong, Gage, Knox���all names of one  syllable, which is most unusual. The  president's most intimate friend is  Wood. The man he is most fond of  tn New York is Rils. His most intimate political enemy is Piatt. His  chief .political adviser and for years his  sponsor is Lodge. His private secretary is Loeb. His secretary while  (governor of New York was Y'oungs,  All names of one syllable.  A  Cambridge    university    professor  who dreams in figures, has published  the following atrocity:  1 limes 9 plus 2 squals 11  12 times !) plus 3 equals 111.  123 times 9 plus -1 equals 1111.  1234 times 9 plus 5 equals 11111.  12345 times 9 plus 6 equals 111111.  123456 times 9 plus 7 equals 1111111.  1234507 times 9 plus 8 equals 11111111.  1Q34567S times 9 plus 9 equals 111111111  1 time S lilus 1 equals 9  12 times 8 plus 2 equals 9S.  123 times S plus .1 equals OS"  1234 times 8 plus 4 equals flS'fi  12345 limes S plus 5 equals 9S765  12345G times S plus G equals 987051  1234507 times S plus 7 equals 9876543  12345C78 times 8 plus 8 equals 1)8765432  123456789 times 8 plus 9 equals 987654321.  A quaint story of a master builder  and a British workman is told by a  trade Journal. Having heard that the  men did not start work at the proper  time, the employer thought he would  drop down 6:30 one morning and see.  Going up the yard, he caught sight of  a. joiner standing smoking, with his kit  not even opened. Simply asking his  name, which he found to be Malcolm  Campbell, he called him Into the oflice  and, handing hdm four days' pay, .ordered him to leave at once.' After seeing the man clear of the yard he went  4Up to ithe foreman and explained thnt  UNITED LABOR PARTY.  At the London conferenace it was  decided to establish a distinct "labor  group" in parliament, who shall have  its own "whips," and agree upon a  policy which must embrace a readiness  to co-operate with any party which  for the time being may be engaged in  promoting legislation in the direct interest of labor, and the members must  be equally ready to associate themselves with any party In opposing  measures having an opposite tendency.  And the constitution further provides  that members of the labor group shall  not oppose any candidate whose candidature is being promoted by any one  of the affiliated societies, namely, the  Trades Union Congress, Trades and  Labor Councils, Fabian Society, Independent Labor Party, and Social  Democratic Federation.  > The Mint  Is the new saloon at the corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Drink Ked Cross Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 74ti Pender street.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair out to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  DISCIPLINE  IN UNIONISM.  Discipline is indispensable to success.  No business house, no institution, no  organization, can succeed without it.  Armies enforce it and impose penalties  for its 'violation. The nation, state and  municipality do the same. All other  thlngrs) being equal, the army that is  best disciplined is the one that is surest  of success. As with other institutions,  so with organizations of wage workers.  AVhere wise- rules are adopted and  readily enforced, and where discipline  has been maintained, the greatest possible achievements are the natural results. Had the workers been possessed  of the discipline fifty years ago which  they possess to-day, imperfect as it is,  the efforts of earnest workers to improve the conditions of the producers  would be much easier than It is. Trades  unions, being voluntary organizations,  are incapable of enforcing the rigid  discipline that law and necessity enforces, but a great degree of it is  necessary. Tn old organizations, where  men have been trained, discipline la  comparatively easy to enforce. If union  men would-only remember the obligation which they take upon being admitted to membership, live up to the  promises which they inalte.'atlhere to  tlie laws, and try and induce others to  do likewise, then that degree of discipline would be reached which could not  fail to help in bringing about a much  to be desired change for the better.  ROSSLAND STRIKE.  A despatch says that Mr. A. XV. Puttee, M. P., waited on Premier Laurier  at Government House, Winnipeg, on  Tuesday, on behalf of the Rossland  strikers, who had asked1 hlni to go to  Ottawa with their case, and .presented  Sir "Wilfrid with the facts. He complained on tlieir behalf that tlie alien  labor law was being violated iby the  mine owners, wlio were importing large  numbers of men. The premier pointed  "out~itliat''lf~cas!C'S"were~kriown~to~exlst  of violations of the alien labor law and  the proper steps were taken out' to report tliem by competent parties, the  law would be carried out to the letter  and the strikers given what' benefit  there'was. Information for each case  should be given.  UNEMPLOYED BENEFIT.  The members of the Amalgamated  Society of Carpenters and Joiners will  consider a proposed amendment to  the constitution of the society. It provides that "any member having been in  receipt of unemployed or sick benefit  and obtaining employment for three or  more days, but not more than six  days, shall be entitled to unemployed  benefit after signing the vacant book  three days; .but should they obtain employment for less than three days,  they shall be entitled to .unemployed  benefit the first day they sign the vacant book." If -the foregoing is adopted it will place members who declare  off the sick benefit, and who may he  discharged ,within a few days of resuming work, upon exactly the same  footing aa ��� unemployed members who  may have obtained temporary employment.  CURRENT 0PINj0N~ALL SORTS.  ' Turn the Chinamen Out,  The disaster at Extension, following  on the heels of others In the mines of  Mr. Dunsmuir, would indicate that the  employment of Chinamen under ground  Is not a money saving proposition after  all. If lt be asserted that the Chinamen have nothing to do with ithe disasters, a sufficient reply is furnished  by the record of the New Vancouver  Coal Company, which has not had a  disaster since the Mongols were turned out of the workings and ikept above  ground some years ago.���Victoria Outlook.  How Do You Know?  When wireless telegraphy Is in universal use, what Is to prevent any citizen from erecting an apparatus in hl3  back yard and catching all the dispatches 'flying back and forth through  the air? There can be no real privacy  about wireless telegraphy.���N. Y. Advertiser.  Happy People in Missouri.  Pawpaws, 'possums and persimmons  are .ripe in Missouri and nobody cares  jiow whether corn .panned out five  ���bushels to the acre or to the township.  ���'Minneapolis  Times.  Government Owned Smelters.  The government refinery has got to  come and government smelters will follow. Half the papers in the silver-  lead district of British Columbia arc  in line and the other half are either  spieling or -somnambulltic. The New  Denver Ledge is on tho right side, the  Revelstoke Herald knows what is  wanted and >is not afraid .to say so, the  Lardeau Eagle Is in on the ground floor  and the Moyle Leader will come to the  centre as soon as Smythe wakes up.  Those .papers -are in touch with tlie  people. They represent the independent sentiment of ithe .people In the districts in which they are published.  They a-ecognlze that the mining industry will never attain its full measure  of prosperity until it gets a fair return  for what is produced. A referendum  on the subject would be almost unanimous in favor of the government building smelters and a refinery.���Paystreak.  ��� Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.  "WIDE WORLD.  The goldfinch is the early bird.   He  gets up at one o'clock dn the morning,  long before the worms are out of bed.  Just 60 years ago there were 150,-  000 school children In India, and now  there are four millions.  One of the Buenos Ayres newspapers  has a consultation room in 'which the  poor can dally get medical or legal advice free.  Canadian cheese at the Pan-American has carried off many cpecial prizes,  and it wasn't particularly strong  cheese at that.  Few ladies, consider that they carry  some forty or fifty miles of hair on  their head; -the fair-haired may even  have to dress seventy miles of threads  of gold every morning.  Tlie Argentine Republic, with a population of about 4,200,000, has 739 newspapers, of which 682 are .published In  tlie Spanish language. Twenty-four  are Italian, 11 English, 10 German, 7  French, etc.  The International Institute of Sociology, which consists ot the leading  sociologists of the wonld, with hcad-  quarters~at-Paris���has-eleeted-Unlted  States Commissioner of Labor Carroll  D. Wright to membership.  Ireland produces $00,000 worth of  honey every year. The value of the  blarney product is unknown.  An Italian has invented -a net that  will break the waves at sea. Sea sickness may yet become unknown.  (Female barbers are numerous ln  Austrian cities. They are compelled to  undergo an examination before being  permitted to go into business, andi must  demonstrate their ability ln shaving,  hair-cutting and halr-eurllng.  In Queensland they propose a novel  means of checking a declining birth  rate. An electoral bill will shortly be  introduced promising to give every  man with two children born ln wedlock two votes instead of the usual  one. ;  The question of 'the amount of space  for air purposes to be allowed for  dwellings erected In boroughs, was  raised in a case heard in the magistrate's court recently at Wellington,  ���New Zealand. The Melrose borough  council summoned John Moffat,' In the  flrst place, for having erected a house  without a. permit, and secondly, for  having failed to alllow the space prescribed by the borough by-law. The  case raised a somewhat Important  point. The statute mentions that there  must .be ISO square feet of space lor  each house, and the by-law of the  Melrose borough fixes the minimum  at 2.000 square feet. For the defence,  ���Mr. Dean contended that the power of  a local body to make a by-law must  be regulated and governed by statute  law. The legislature having mentioned  an area, that was all that was required  to be left. In the present case defendant hnd complied with the statute, but  not with the by-law. The magistrate  Incidentally remarked that he thought  the limit fixed by the by-law was a  reasonable one, and as regards the  statutory limit, thnt probably had regard to the conditions of boroughs. It  simply said that no borough should  provide for "less" space, and did not  say that it might' not provide for  "more." As the point was considered  of importance to municipalities generally, judgment was reserved.  I YOU'LL NEED HEAT $  Before long now. The best heaters made ���"'  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ���"  nomical to use are the V"  AIM411 Ift 99   AIR-TIGHTS AND     ��  l*rivto BASE   BURNERS.      ��  made by the McClary Mfg. Co. "      ������  | Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. ��  A SOLE AGENT X  t  'NOTEWORTHY- ORGANIZATIONS.  A recent letter from South Carolina  tells how ithe negro's lose of pomp and  circumstance, fully as great as that of  the white man, is exemplified in his  charitable and social organisations.  Not a "few negroes belong to no less  than a dozen societies with elaborate  regalia and intricate ritual, including  such names as "The Sons and Daughters of the Seven Golden Candlesticks  in Charity," "The Sons and Daughters  of 'I   Will   Rise, The    Sous    and  Daughters of the Pilgrims," "The Sons  and Daughters of the Twelve Disciples," "The Sons and Daughters of the  Bearers of the Cross." "The Sons and  Daughters of the Evening Star," "The  Sens and Daughters of the Seventh  Star," "The Sons and Daughters of the  Celestial Travellers," "The Sons and  Daughters of the Good Samaritan," and  there pilyht be added fully two score  otherSi  All these fraternities, however, are  clearly outclassed by an English association, called "The Brotherhood of  Divine Shirkers," otherwise known as  tlie "Order of the Stellar Serenity."  This sounds something like the Order  of the Sons of Rest, organised ln Minneapolis in the eighties by Z. Percy  Weadon, and it is not so very different. The Stellar Serenities have as a  motto Thoreau's aphorism, "Do what  nobody ��� else can do for you; omit to  do all tho rest." The object of the  Shirkers is simple. It is just to neglect  performing all conventional duties, and  to reduce to actual practice the teaching  of Thoreau on 'the'Inherent wickedness  of suuerfiuous work.  The Shirkers have an official organ  published quarterly called "Life and  Beauty." Here are some of the gems  of thought culled from Its pages:  Begin each day with a resolution to  gain at least an, hour each day by  shirking some duty. As you grow  stronger in will power this work will  become easier.  Leave all absolutely business letters  unanswered for a month, and then  honestly ask yourself, has anything  been lost thereby.       i   ��� .  Resolve to read no daily, weekly or  other periodical for a month.  It seems probable that the society  has extended to this country. There  is every indication that the office boy  is a Serenity; also the man hired  to throw in tlie wood at so much iper  hour. And there are others.���Minneapolis Journal.  For stomach trouble of any Jdnd take  Flint's Dyspeppla Tablets. They cure  01* you get your money back. 50c box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  PFflipiM   1  <���  FOR HEALTH FOODS, NUT BUTTER, -  WtOMOSE, GRANOLA, CARAMEL < >  CKREAL, (JKANOSK MBCUIT, MALT- , >  SI) CEREAL, ETC., ETC. (  FORD'S   GROCERY,  Tel. 725.   25 Hastings St. C.   J|  �������������������������� ����������������  Hardie & Thompson  Harine and General ��=���**  Consulting Mcehanieal Engineers  620 COltDOVA St. W., Vimcctvib, B, C. Tel. 76  Patontoes and designers of the Bardie-  Thompson water tube boiler, new high  speed reversing engines, and special  machinery in light sections lor mines.  FXOrlLLXBS DSSieMXD.   EN01HSS IKDICATID AMD  Adjustxo.  Bole agents In B. C. and N. W. Territories tor  tbe United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng. '  (flcLennan,  Mcfeely & Co*  'WHOLESALE AND  RETAID DHAl^ERS  IN  SMMiavy Hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT A/PHENtTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. 0.  Ggir Headquarters for  Domestic and Im-  liorted Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  MILLS  *  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ONE WEEK.  st i  It Will Be Our Luck  That when this advertisement comes out in the papers telling about our ox-  I ccllent stock o( Rain Coats and Umbrellas the sua will be shining with a brilliancy  I that will make ono think lain is pructically unknown here.  I At this writing, thouKL, 'tis pouring, and wo aro reminded of many more clays  J of British Columbia rain before Ihe early flowers of next spring peep- forth into  I bloom. The Rain Coat or Umbrella, or both, are simply indispensable, and you  I should hurry aud make a .election here whHe stocks arc at their best.  ���Rain CoutH from 4*3.50 to 4.18.50,   .  Umbrellas from   ~   50c to $6.00. /  JOHNSTON, KEkPOOT i* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street*. '   ,  .Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., OM_. Wm. Ralph's.  mBBBBBBBOnnEEBBB  Arms and Ammunition  Of Everi) Description and Qciajity at  Charles C. Tisdall, 58,st���eV!n,s"  BUSINESS  demands 'a large number of our graduates in March. A course takes G or 7  months, so you should begin NOW, or  we will tie short. We are running  short .now! We can iplaee between To  and 100 Iboys every year. To-day nre  _fajve~noher_No_idll_Baulty~to_place"all  the girts you. send us. 'Remember we  .keep them till *hey are in a, situation.  The H.B.Oogcl Commercial College  P. O. Box 317. Vancouver, B. C.  |    DELICIOUS WINE  Made Exclusively from B. C. Fruit.  FRESH CUT FLOWEHS   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  ���        When innklnst a trip around the     =  U j'ark call on 2  ��   W�� D* JOIICS    Tlghthonse       g  SoooaaaoaaaaBPOoeaoaoaeaao  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade  EANCY"  Tel. 945'  We have just oponcd up the finest assortment of Fancy, I'arlor, Dming-  room. Library, and Hall, Lamps ever   seen in this city: with prices to suit all   pockets Just fancy���a line decorated  I'arlor Lamp, with Shade 10 match, for  only $1.50.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CCX  Crockery and Housefurnishings.  406 and  408 Westminster Avenue. Vancouver'  Subscribe  for  Tbe  Independent  $1.25 a Year.  :   GEO. HAY   :  Vancouver's 'pioneer    Clothes  Renovator* makbi a suit new.  Dyeing, and" Repairing. c  sot Caiuh.St., VAiwotnm.,  %\  1  y  &*r  'JSg^S^^SS^^i'f^^'^w-'t-v^^''^!^xa3r"'


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