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The Independent Oct 5, 1901

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 A  ���u**  o  AA*  SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A YEAR  Wage-earners ohould subscribe, because this paper *  Is published as their organ.  IV  B. C. PERHAKRHT LOAN AM  SAVINGS CO.  '     Authorireil Catiital   -   ��10,000.000  Subscribed Cardial   -   -    1,500,000  Amels over,, -    -    -    -      300,000  Head Office 321 Cambie Street, Van"  couver, 11. C.  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER B. C, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 5, 1901.  NO. 2.  EDITOR 1'ADAl SPEAKS.  "\Vni. McAdams, editor, writing: from  Sarnla, Ont., to the Sandon Paystreak,  comments  thusly:   Ontario's prospect-  . lng law Is  Simply Rotten.  No one seems to know much about it,  but as near as I can,gather a prospector is required to Immediately sur-  .vey and plat his ground, iplace assays  in the liands of the land registrar and1  apply for a right to purchase at a price  varying from $1.25 to $3.0>, per acre.  The Dawson City racket Is worked to  a iflnish and many av poor prospector  who has compiled with the formalities  finds himself beat out by.some pet of  the registry office who, after the prospector furnishing all the information,  goes out and makes a 'tyrlor" location.  I Imagine some of the old timers In  our camp up against a proposition like  that. Anil yet the rubes in Ontario  wonder why the North Shore Is not  opened up. But, to switch, Toronto is  A great, cheap and wholly irrational  camp.   People there are  Plum Crazy on DRoyalty.  Torkey Is going to visit the burg some  time in the near future and1 Toronto  folks are about in the same frenzied  ota'te as tlie Nmvujoe Indians were at  Walker's lake during the Messiah  craze. Ked coated militiamen are parading and practicing .bugle and drum  exercise at all hours. Flabby-faced,  jK>t-bellied yahooos who couldn't march  to Three Forks are addressed as sergeant, colonel, major or general, according to the amount of booze they  lap up.    Gee-gaw shops are doing a  Blooming Business  selling photographs of Torkey and his  aide partner. Restaurants, saloons,  stores and all kinds of public places  are in a free-for-all competition to  display royalty emblems and royalty  extravaganzas of all kinds. Preachers  are praying for the duike. Lecturers are  qualifying him. Newspapers are full  11 'of JDouglas''t_ire'e dollar shoe cuts fixed  up to\ represent him, and every gent  In the land from the. gin merchant to  the gospel sharik Is on lt and on It  strong. As I said'before, people are  plumb batty on royalty. I feel sorry  for Yorikey. One of the most interesting sights I witnessed in Toronto wns  to watch the 4  Eaton Gang  come off shift.' The miners and householders in the Siocan who are helping  to build up this outfit Should keep their  ���money at home. Eaton's Us certainly a  hard layout. Of all the thousand' or  . so men, women, boys and girls whom  I saw emerge from his works anil hurry oft! to wrestle down a short-hour  lunch I swear that there was not one  in the bunch whose clothes and general malke-up Indicated anything better  than four dollars n. week. And t'he appearance of them. Brazen and almost  Importuning In their manner, ibut at  the same time bearing a half dejected don't-glve-a-dam-whether-sdhool-  kceps-or-not-sort of a way. And those  who patronize Eaton help along the  work. Some of these Toronto people  are pretty  Sore on British Columbia  mining stock. George Gooderham, Tom  ��Iackstock and other promoters threw  it into their Toronto friends coldblooded on t'he Rosslandi propositions  ���and-uow-you-ought-to hear-the-lambs  roar. The poor suckers bought the  stock calculating that it would go up  <ind they would unload on otlier poor  auokers who didn't know any better.  But George and Tom arranged all that.  They did the unloading act. One  funny thing I noticed In Toronto.* Very  few seem to understand that there is '  A Strike On  at Rossland or thnt the mines are  closed down. When I flrst fell up  ugaiiiHt this fact It wns an eye-opener  and I Investigated. It seemx thnt anything like a definite knowledge nf the  dltuiiUoii In the KohhIiuhI camp Is very  rare. Someone has been lying like n  wlld-cattor, but I will have to throw  the proposition into the assay oflice of  Investigation .to determine the object.  ,Joe Martin is Celebrated  among the tendorfect. All over the  country men are asking about Joe.  What is he going to do? 'What Is his  next move? How will he make out'  ���with the Liberal party, etc., etc. In  fact Joe Iras Manitoba and1 Ontario and  I suppose, the whole Dominion guessing., The machine politicians,are certainly afraid'of him'and1 the few Liberal luminaries whom -I met apprehend  that if Joe gets control In B. C and  makes a provincial rights case out of  the disallowed Oriental Immigration  Acts he will put Laurier and hi., gang  over the dump of oblivion ln about the  same way that he sent Tupper and  his fossils fluey on the school question.  There will be millions ' of machine  money ready to down Joe when the  play comes up that way.  BROTHERHOOD OF CA'RiPENTEIRS.  The last regular meeting of the loc��u  Union of the United Brotherhood of  Carpenters and Joiners was held  Thursday evening, -September 21, in  Lalbor Hall. The attendance was very  satisfactory and business of much Importance to organized labor generally  and the carpenters in particular was  transacted. The names of the ofllcers  for the present term are as follows:  President, George Dobbin; Vice-President, J. M. Sinclair; Recording Secretary, W. MdMuilen; Financial Secretary, Hanry Falconer; Treasurer, J.  Ferguson; Conductor, R. MacKenzle;  Warden, J. McLeod.'  The report from the Trades and Labor Council was gratifying and full ot  interest. Among other things It contained  the following particulars: The  DISASTER AT EXTENSION MINE.  Seventeen Men Perish���Heroic  Efforts to Fight the Awful  Fire Were in Vain.  A terrible distaster occuned In No.  3 level of No. 2 mine, Extension, V. I.,  about 1 o'clock on Monday afternoon,  resulting in  the  death  of   seventeen  men.   The flie broke out at the bottom  of the level and communicated to one  of the curtains across the stope.    In  about half an hour the whole stope was  on Are and quickly ran up towards the  mouth of the  tunnel, and ln  twenty  minutes after the 'alarm the fire 'had  gained   tremendous  headway.     Every  effort was made to find the men in the  ���mine, but without avail.   The rescuers  actually went  Into  the    very   places  where the unfortunate men had been  working a few minutes previously. The  miners   who  perished' ran    with    the  fresh air instead of against It, attempting to oome out th�� accustomed way.  While the rescuers were searching "for  the  lost miners   the  mine    exploded,  next Labor  Day  celebration    will be   bIooklng Ule rescue pmy    Aftep ^  held in Nanalmo, B. C. The financial  condition of the the Labor Hall is excellent, many of those holding stock  certificates haive been paid in full.  Unions holding stodk will receive 7  per cent. Interest on same. A printed  statement of the'above Is now being  prepared and will be Issued'forthwith.  The Lalbor Day excursion to Victoria  was a Ilnancial and social success.  (Brother Paul, who was present for  the flrst time since the accident at the  Braid building, at which he was severely hurt, does not look" any the  worse of the wear, but reports ' that  he has very little expectation of receiving compensation for his Injuries.  Under the discussion of" Good of the  Order, one of our officers suggested  that during the winter months we dispense with t'he Saturday half-holiday,  arid Ih this'way'glye''the"nien"'a'chance"  to make .up lost time occasioned by  the wet weather. In the discussion  which followed, this proposition received extremely rough handling, and was  finally ,'knocked completely out, the  prevailing opinion being that having  taken a step forward this union will  never go back either on Itself or the  men (non-union) who sympathize with  that, movement. Following this .was  the report ot the financial secretary,  after which the meeting was closed In  due form.  explosions went on at Irregular internals all the afternoon and evening.  As soon as lt was recognized that all  hope of rescuing the men was gone, a  strong force began to choke up the, entrance to the mine, whltl. work Is now  proceeding. ^The mouth of the stun,  caved In and* Immediately after-an-  other 'fierce explosion occurred, blowing down the timber work erected as  a1 barricade. About 5 o'clock dense  volumes of black choking smoke poured out of the mouth of the stope and  ���filled the whole .valley, even stretching  far over Extension tunnel valley.    .  The escape of James Thomas, .rope  rider, was most thrilling. He rides  with the trips and was going down  when he saw the .Are down the stope.  As he sprang oft the cars and turned  to run, George Southcomto and^Eugeiro  Griffiths, two timbermen wiho ' were  working close to where the flre broke  out, called to him to come with them,  but Thomas ran full speed up the  stope, which is a thousand, feet from  the level, to the mouth, and barely saiv-  ed his life by fleetness of foot. South-  comb and Griffith were overtaken by  smoke and flames and perished as they  ran.  fOf  Labor '-'Commissioner Black states  that the volume of wages paid in'Con-  necticut during the present year will  be larger than ever before. He declares that since the industrial depression ending ln 1S97 a general advance  of from <> to 20 per cent. In the standard of wages has taken place, and that  "during 1901 the wave of prosperity  has mounted higher than ever before  In Connecticut."  Typographical Union of Syracuse, N.  Y., fined one Charles H.. Corregan, a  member of the repudiated' Socialist  Labor party, $30 for villifying and denouncing the organization. He refused  to pay and was expelled.^ Now Corregan has applied for an injunction and  brought mandamus proceedings to recover his card, and has also sued the  .unlon_fo___*3,OOO.damages .   At Marietta, Ohio, the building laborers and the garment workers were  organized Into unions. The city council  In a recent session passed an ordinance  authorizing the city work to be done  only iby union men.  There are about 3,500 journeymen  broom makers In the'United States and  Canada, and nearly as many brooms  made In prisons, workhouses, and  charitable institutions as by union labor.  On September 23th 200 machinists In  tho Canadian Locomotive Works went  on strike because the management te  fused  to  reinstate an  employee rdls  charged Inst night for refusing to work  overtime to make up lost time.  The names of the dead are:  George Southcomb, tlmberman, married, with family, resided at Lady-  smith, about 26 years of age, a native  of Australia, worked heie about two  years.  Eugene Griffith, tlmberman, married,  family reside at Ladysmlth.  Welsh, manager of the Ladysmlth  baseball club.  John Patterson, miner, married, family, aged 42,. resided at Ladysmlth,  came from Northfleld, moved down  only last week.  James Watson, miner, aged 50, married, family, resided at Ladysmlth.  ���Michael Dolan, miner, aged' 25, married, with family, resided at Ladysmlth, son of well known farmer of  Nanalmo district.  William Pollock, miner, aged 27,  single, resided at .Extension.  E. Llnd, miner, aged 30, a Russian  Finn, newly married, resided at Extension.  John MacCallum, miner, married,  family resided at Extension.  J. Bladkley, miner, 23, single, a, stepson of J. MacCallum, with whom he  resided.  E. Hazel, miner, single, a native at  United States, recently came from Idaho.'  ���Frank Mottlshaw, pusher, single,  son of W. Mottlshaw, of Five Acre  Lots,  Nanalmo.  Charles Noye, pusher, single, resided  at Ladysmlth.  Archibald  Reeves,  pusher,   married,  one son resided at Ladysmlth.  ,. J. Boyd, pusher, native of .Nova Scotia, resided at Extension.  Hamilton, .pusher, single, just out  from Scotland. It was his first day  pushing; resided at Extension.  Antonio Pescettelli, pusher, single,  native of Brescia, "Italy, resided "atTEx-  tension. Prescettelll worked alone In  No. 1 level, and there was no hope  whatever for him. His escape was immediately cut off when the fire started.  There were painful scenes at Lady-  smith when the sad news was broken.  Several families are left absolutely destitute.  laratlon to make; and, moreover, some  clergymen have* recently proved themselves to be anarchists, and tliey must  go wit hall other violent men and women to Mr. Unsworth's "���hell."  Is there to be no difference between  a republic and an aristocracy so far  as the choice of weapons against anarchy is concerned? Krapotkin is an anarchist; Reclus, the leading geographer, is a communist and anarchist; Tolstoi is a communist and Christian anarchist; William iMorris was an anarchist, and even Spencer, in his first  book, Social Statistics, distinctly defended anarchistic views of social organization. Think of a "free country"  wlilch deports the Tolstois and the  Kropotkins. Shall we begin ibu suppressing Tolstoi's books, which denounce all governments as useless and  Impious? Shall we imprison the disciples of Krapotkin because they believe that the present order Is destined  >to be superseded, and that revolution  may some day take place in countries  Insufficiently advanced to accomplish  the change peaceably?���Egbert H. Emmons, in Chicago Record-Herald.  jm FISHERMEN MEET.  Anarchists subvert constitutions and  violate laws. Premier Laurier violated  the Canadian constitution when he sent  a contingent of soldiers to South Africa, but he did so because the people  had done so in spirit, and demanded  that he Should do lt in deed. Socialists  uphold constitutions or amend them,  and respect all laws. Were I to assassinate Premier Laurier for outraging the constitution it is quite probable that the detectives would backtrack me so as to ascertain who instigated the killing. ' But will they ever  Investigate as to who induced him to  trample t'he constitution under foot?  If so, they will likely iflnd that party  in the agent of Chamberlain, Rhodes  and company, who came over and organized South African leagues among  the senators and Induced Laurier to  bring forward the resolution that Canada should concur in Chamberlain's  South African policy.���E. J. Yorbe, Al-  vlnston."    *  ._'.���*���"���* "'.--"-"-  The annual   convention    of Fishermen's unions of British Columbia met  on   the   26th   nt     New     Westminster.  About 30 delegates were present.   The  meeting was opened by Mr. Mathlngly,  of Eburne. E. Burns was elected chairman, andi Mr. Durham was chosen as  secretary. John Colombo acted' as doorkeeper.    The   principal  business   was  the appointing of committees, arranging the orders of the day and examining credentials.   Grand Lodge officers  were elected  for the ensuing year a3  follows:   Grand president, Fred. Taylor, Canoe Pass; grand secretary-treasurer,   Chas.   Durham,  Vancouver;  executive, W, Beadle, New Westminster;  A. J. Harvey,  Eburne; H. E.  Dusen-  bury,    Vancouver.    These    gentlemen  comprise the Grand Lodge.   The books  and accounts were audited and found  correct.    Also reports of retiring officers were received.  On Friday air. Taylor, of Canoe Pass,  acted as chairman. The rules of order  were altered considerably, the chief  one being the adopting of a new declaration of principles. It contains many  planks from the socialists' platform.  Many other matters of a private character, but of great Importance to the  order at large, were dealt with at  length.  Adjourned sine die at 6 p. m. on Friday.  ANARCHISM VS. SOCIALISM  Czolgosz is a "common murderer"  and should1 be dealt with as such.���  Prince Kropotkln, philosophic anarchist, London, England.  an American prison for making a  speech which she could have made ln  Hyde Park, London, without exciting  more than a passing comment.���Toronto Dally Globe.  Which is the greatest anarchist, the  man who will slay his father or the  man who will slay a president? Is one  wilful murder a. greater crime than  another?���Citizen andi Country.  Emma Goldman spent two years in  While we are deporting the anarchists wouldn't it be a good scheme to  ship a few publishers of "yellow back"  juvenile_'llteratuie'_ Every day"we  hear of the arrest of small boys for  petty crimes committed In Imitation  of the heroes of these penny dreadfuls.  ���Terre ifaute, Ind., Toiler.  Socialists teach that society, the  state, or the Individual has not the  right to tnke lhat away which Is not  In its power to give, and1 that ns neither society, the state, nor the Individual gave life to the human form, nothing, no mntter how great the grievance, can justify the taking of human life.���J. W. Patterson, in Ottawa  Journal.  assassination, was bred not In the  United States nor in Great Britain,  where free institutions are enjoyed, but  ln those European countries where the  most severe measures of repression are  used. It may fairly be described as  the'Child of tyranny and' repression,  not of liberty. That form of anarchism which Is rife ln the Southern  states, the lynching and burning of  negroes, is but the result of the great  crime against liberty which dragged  the African from his home' and' tapf  him for a century in bondage.���Toronto Globe.  The Mission Socialist Bays: "We do  not feel called upon to join in the  clamor begun by the capitalist press  for revenge. The Socialist is not bloodthirsty, and' cannot endorse the utterances that fill the columns of the daily-  papers crying for the blood of the assassin.   The law Is thero to punish the  We have just received a copy of the  West Fork News, published at Beaver-  dell, a new mining camp situated at  the junction of Beaver creek with the  west fork of 'Kettle river. James W.  Grler, an old1 Vaneouverite, by the way,  Is editor and manager. The policy of  the News will be to advance the interests of the West Fork country and  to publish- only facts" in referring to  mineral resources. . We'Vish the new  venture long life and prosperity.*    ' ���  To go out gunning for mllllonurles  In the hope of mitigating the evils of  plutocracy argues want of intellect as  well as want of moral sense. Even the  habit of speaking of these fortunate  persons with hatred and 'bitterness is  unreasonable. They are the products  of a system. They are doing Just as  anybody would do with equal opportunities. If they are ibreaklng the laws  they should Ibe punished. If they are  acquiring wealth because the laws are  unjust the laws, should be amended.  ���Toronto Globe.  'Anarchism, of the kind that Justifies  criminal. That Is sufficient." Quite in  contrast with this, the St. Louis Republic, published in the same ' city,  says: "From them (the anarchists) the  fundamental law of this free land,  which forbids oiuel and unusual punishments, should be suspended, and  the most cruel ami unusual punishment that human Ingenuity can devise  should be relentlessly applied to deter  the devils from pursuit of their inhuman lust for blood."  Rev?J. K. Unsworth, Hamilton, In a  recent sermon, said: "Anarchism stood  for no Inw, no order, nnd no government. He was asked by a citizen what  punishment .should be meted out to  those persons claiming to be anarchists. He thought well of the suggestion that they should be banished  to a colony where there wns no law,  order, or government." A lawless colony Is one to which Mr. Unsworth  could not send a Christian missionary,  for real Christianity brings law and  order, and Mr. Unsworth's Idea, would  not be carried out If the colony ceased  to be a lawless one. The conclusion is  that Mr. Unsiworth wishes to send anarchists to a '"hell"'on earth and a  ."hell" hereafter.1   It Is a peculiar' dec-  Rev. Dr. 'Richard Harcourt, pastor  of the People's Methodist church,  reading, Pa., spoke on the death of  the late President McKinley. He deplored the remarks of men who advocated lynching for Czolgosz. "Lynching," he said, "is the very essence of  violent anarchy." As to the ministers  who urged the people to accept the  president's assassination as the will of  God, he said: "Such a doctrine I brand  as monstrous. God is not the author  of evil. Shall we bow in submission  and'say: 'God willed It?' I will not;  I cannot���no, not e\en t'he statement  that fell from the lips of the dying  chief, 'It Is God's way; His will be  done.' A good and just 'God had no  hand in the president's assassination.  No, it was satan. Nor can I accept  the term providence. No wonder  thinking men turn away from God  and the church when such ungodly  and horrible doctrines are promulgated." As to the responsibility, Dr. Harcourt said: "The American people are  responsible."  DOMINION LA'BOR CONGRESS.  This year's Trades and  Laibor congress has been from all points of view  a   success:    First,   in   respect   of   the  number of delegates, S3 being present,  this~number~exceeding all former yearsr  The deliberative and executive ability  of    the    gathering,   too,    Mr.    Gossel  thinks. Is an advance on former years.  President Ralph  Smith being ci edited  with a share of credit for this.   The  legislation of  the congress  was  In  a  democratic   direction.      The   delegate  says the single question  that secured  the greatest unanimity was  the  condemnation of the practice In hotels of  employing  bnrmnlds Instead   of  men.  Mr. Gosiel has returned much Impress-  cil with 'the prowess of Chris. Foley, of  British  Columbia,   who   Is   n.   man   of  marked ability and a liojn orator, In  iexpect to the Hitter gift  the delegate  considers   thut   Chris.   Foley   hns   but  few equals In the Dominion.   The fraternal deleg.ite representing the American Federation of Laibor. John Robert  O'Brien   (retail   dork),   ruptured     the  good will of the congress, and was the  recipient of .a substantial pioof of regard  from     the    congress.���Winnipeg  Voice.  BARBERS.  The local barbers will hold their annual ball on Trartksgiivlng day.  The barbers'  union   ot San   Francisco has more than a thousand mem- -  bers.   It Is the largest .barbers' union  In America.  Governor McLean, of Connecticut,  has appointed the following members  of the board of examiners of barbers  for the term of two years from September, 1901: Henry Sneider, New Haven; John Ottenheimer, Williamtic;.  Adolph.Fluber,  Danbury. ,'  -  n     ��� *  t-Msi.- Is supposed, to .work,six ,dnys Cl<  In a week. Barbers are not men according to the above. We are supposed to work a/bout eight days a" week,'  and rest when we have nothing to do.  ���Ex.  The men of the barber profession who  do not think that a lady should work  at the barber ibuslness can get rid of  the evil by marrying the "queen of the  shop." Women are good shavers���of  the contents of your pocketbook.  Barbers should always remind a man  whose hair is falling out that he will  be bald In the course of a year or two.  There is nothing on earth which  pleases a man more than to be told  that he will soon be minus his hair���  nit.  A charitable Chicago lady agreed to    ;  raise money for the church  by shav-    ,' .  Ing her husband ten times for a dollar.  The lady had a good head.   The hus-0|'  band   after   receiving   the rflrst  shove'  concluded that "once was enough  for '  him" and he planked up a dollar and  begged to be excused from further suf-.  fering. s  "Wanted���A good shaver and hair  cutter; must be good trombone player;  a man who can 'lead the choir preferred. J. Straus, Clila, 111." The foregoing appeared in a daily paper recently.    If barbers want to .keep up with  The age they'iiiusT~be"a jack of all  trades. This is a golden opportunity  for some good man to become busy.  The barber shop Is the poor man's  college. Many of the men engaged at  the tiade did not hu.ve the opportunity  lo iecure as much schooling as they  should have had or would have liked,  to lmve had. Nevertheless these same  men lmve, by coming In contact with  men patronizing barber shops become  educated to such a high degree that  ihey are able to act Intelligently on  nil matters. The experience gained In  a bauber sh��p aids a man in tho  struggle through life, What the barber learns Is never forgotten.  Tbe Mint.  Is located at ttife corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Men need to rub Intellects together  ln maters of common concern. Trades  unions nfford them the chance of getting together and discussing things  that are of mutual Interest. They  make men and women self reliant and  njake nil things possible that the  hearts and minds of the workers will  permit. Don't be misled and conclude  the union is of no value to you. Its  power and usefulness are proven by  the opposition-of those who are unwillingly giving the workers a fair share  of the products of their toil.���Ex.  i  ���51  ''."is  -5*1  '-���:.'  "*���.;*- , ^i'���'-.:  ���X'V' ' ,<;,-spi';.,-v  <t  I  " ;��  " -?'1 __-$��� '..-'���".' >*'*���.. TIIE INDEPENDENT.  THE INDEPENDENT.  j��BO. BABTLHTST  Editor  HARRY OOWAN .Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN    fHE   IN  TEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY    <���'.  Tata, INDEPENDENT PRATING COMPANY.  AT   112  HOMOSR   STREET,  VER,   B.  C.  VANCOU-  <*   HSCJUPTIONS   IN  ADVANCE.  a week, S cents; month, 16 cents; three  mouths, 33 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, J1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TIRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. THU VANCOUVER LABOR TARTY AND THE  BUU.DING  TRADES COUNCIL.  to work in a few days, but when the  works are shut down by the bosses  there is no such fear expressed. When  the local mills are shut down for six  months the papers are not a little bit  afraid of the men and their families  starving.���Ex.       "  The Independent Is a lively labor paper published In Vancouver, endorsed  by the T. and L. Council, the Independent Labor Party, and the Building  Trades Council, nil of that city.���Citizen and Country.  SATURDAY.  ��� OCTOBER  1901.  LABOR'S GREETING.  Even If the Duke of Vork does not  read the addresses presented to lilm, it  will ibe some satisfaction to the writers ofthe into.'know that Lord Mlnto  has dono so. '  ^  SATURDAY OCTOBER. ."., 1.001  The Duke and Duchess have come  and gone. They are a modest couple,  ond fill the position they arc to occupy  by accident of birth with much grace.  The reception was hearty and loyal,  but it stood out very strong that tin'  people were demonstrating their loyalty to tho empire rather than to a  family. Of course there were some exceptions in this respect. A few siov-  eled in the presence of this plain looking man, hut Ihey were the exception,  not the rule. The cheering was never  vociferous at any stage of the game,  which goes to show that western Canadians as a* whole will not slop over  on an occasion of this kind. But ihey  are just as .patriotic, and just as true  to the country as the people of any  other pari. Tlio decorations were  grand and reflect great credit on the  artistic sense of the people of our  city.  Much of t'he so-called "labor news"  you find In the dally press is unreliable. For the whole truth, you must  look to the recognized organs of the  unions.  The Duke and Duchess of York displayed a deal more common sense in  their dress and etiquette than did some  of our own home article of snobbery.  Thanksgiving clay will be celebrated  on November -Stli, on which occasion  you may give thanks if we have not  had another general election.  Tho couple 'vno got married in a  Chicago undertaker's parlor evidently  concluded that matrimony after all is  really  a grave  undertaking.  The Independent will be found in  evry house in Vancouver where table  napkins are used as well as in other  places of abode.  The hide of the hippopotamus Is two  inches thick, tout that of the politician  often extends all the way through.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Another terrible disaster has ocurred  in the mines owned by Mr. Dunsmuir.  Seventeen men lost their lives and  many families have been loft destitute.  No words can bring consolation to the  hearts of those bereft of husband or father. The best that can be  done Is lo see that funds are forthcoming to provide such necessaries as are  required for the helpless. A searching  Investigation must .be made, if possible to prevent these disasere ,or i��i��!i  alarming frequency.  ��� Indications point to a general provincial election before long. It is to  be ::oped labor in their various strong-  lioi.,o In the province will see to it that  they liave men ready to serve their  interests  in   the  legislature  when   the  'time comes.  The sending of the Ottawa decorations out to the coast to gladden the  duke's eyes once more makes us think  that if the decoration business hud  been properly syndicated there would  have been nothing to prevent working  the same -drapery off on the duke at  half a dozen different places.���Toronto  Star.  The duke and duchess took a long,  long look at the Japanese arch. It's a  wonder there's a bit of it left, seeing  that the eager souvenir hunters are  ready to grab anything of a souvenir  character. The fact that it is also Japanese made should make it doubly attractive.  You may take almost any .ward in  any city, in British Columbia, and if  you once give it an alderman whose  sole conception of public duty is to  spoon-feed his friends and his ward  from the civic crib, you will And It  mighty hard to get him out.  It seems, according to the despatches,  that Czolgosz both eats and sle?ps,  which means that anyone caught Indulging in similar practices hereafter  will be regarded with suspicion*- This  applies especially to editors of labor  papers.���Ex.  An Editor's Ambition.  ���We'd rather be a barefooted boy  with a healthy appetite and a precarious way of satisfying it, and hunt  squirrels and fish for chubs In the little creek, and have to chop the firewood and milk cows and feed tho  stock and go to a. bed of straw to sleep  the sleep of security, exhaustion, and  a clear conscience than be the Czar  of Russia, feted and worshipped by  sycophants behind massed regiments  of infantry, at every moment .fearful  ���that he may become the victim of u  hullti or bomb, or that his august  stomach may take In a dose of poison,  or that the dagger of a Nihilist may  tickle his ribs. Go it, Nicholas! Enjoy, if you can, those French cheers.  Few healthy minded lads in this glorious free Canada envy you your lot.���  Ham 11 ton Times.  Their Motto.  The motto of Dunsmuir and Martin  should ibe: "Divided we stand; united  we rail."���The Silvertonian.  Will Be a Liberal.  The story i.s told of a poor French  farmer out nt Back River, who seldom  heard the news of tiie world, an.l  knew little about the Queen and the  heir apparent. A friend met with hlni  the other clay and said: "Well, Bap-  tiste, the Queen Is dead." Baptists  turned the information over in his  mind a minute, and said: "Well, by  gar', I bet de nex' feller dat gets dat  job will ibe a 'Liberal. Dey get everything I thin'k me."���Montreal Herald.  "The  The World and Province will feel  somewhat ashamed of the measley little scraps they put up if they will only  take a squint at the Times and Post-  Intelllgcneor whaling Into each other.  And not over the largest circulation  either.  The Duke of Cornwall was In town  this week. As he neglected io call  on The Independent he has no one to  blame but himself that his visit to  Vancouver was not as' pleasant as lt  might otherwise have .been.  LOVELY LOYALTY,  royal   train     passed     through  S at forty miles an hour, and,  although the air was chill and the  time midnight, the whole town turned  out and cheered wildly."���Press despatch.  ���What a sublime spectacle of perfect  patriotism and red noses! All eyes to  "the-east~look"lng~~for-tlie royal" head-  llght. All neoks stretched in that midnight hour. God save the king! 'AH  feet shuffling to keep from freezing.  God ibless the duke! A light! A light!  A whistle! It's the royal train, and  they cheer frantically. A streak, a  shower of cinders, a rumble on the  rails. It is gone. Was ii a dream? Not  much! Some suld they saw him, a3  they caught a glimpse of a gorgeous  figure .sitting near an open window.  But the gorgeous figure wns n menial  polishing shoes. The duke? They say  ho turned In his luxurious coach and  said: "What's all that yelling about?'1  Yet, what lovely loyalty to shout Godspeed to il meteoric flight of soot and  cinders.���Cfiarlle Ohurnor.  A young French-Canadian lady named   .Miss   Marie   Joussaye,   of   Kamloops,    some    time    since     sent    the  king pleasant congratulatory verses in  regard to his great opportunities.   She  received in   reply  through  t'he  king's  private secretaiy a note of thanks, together  with   a  command   that   If she  were in any part of Canada visited by  the royal puny she should present herself to the Duke and Duchess of York.  .Miss Joussaye, who Is on ardent supporter of the  cause  of  organized   labor, took advantage of this on the occasion of the royal visit to Vancouver,  and having written, a long poem, telling of the grievances of tlie Canadian  Pacific      tracklayers,       who     lately  "sti'uck," and of the company's opposition to their effort to maintain their  union,   she  contrived   to .present   this  at the drill hall, Vancouver, on the 1st  inst.   to   the   duke,   thus   evading the  usual   restriction  on   the  Introduction  upon such un occasion of any controversial matter.   The duke was doubtless unaware of the intention of the  poem, but It Is just possible that Mayor  Townley surmised It. his family being  closely associated with the great railway, and iMiss Joussaye's iviews being  well known.   In any case, however, he  deemed the attempt to    present    the  verses a breach of routine and sought  to prevent  it.      Iiut    Miss    Joussaye  caught the eye of Sir Wilfrid Laurier���  her compatriot���Who was on the platform near the duke and duchess.    She  also handed  him- her letter  from  the  king's .private secretary,  when he enabled  Miss Joussaye  to  present    her  poem  in  neatly  lithographed  form  lo  the  duke.  .He  and  the duchess  then  addressed a few pleasant words to Miss  Joussaye,   who  bowed   and    departed,  her primary object gaine'd, though, of  course,  the duke can do nothing to help  her cause, it being one peculiarly witt* ���  in the dominion of the state of .Canada  and its rulers in dominion and provincial   affairs.     Miss   Joussaye's   verset  refer first  to the  construction of the  Canadian Pacific railroad, thon to the  rise of Sir Win. Van Home, to its control, followed by affluence and a title.  His partial retlrem'ent from Canadian  Pacific  railway affairs  is  then  noted,  with    his    succession   by    Mr. T.  G.  Shaughnessy, who has in his turn been  knighted on this occasion of the royal  visit.   Other references of the poem relate lo the poor pay of the lonely work  of the railroad traokmen, and of their  strike and its very partial success, allusion being also made to the importation by the company in alleged breach  of Dominion law, of alien labor in order  to  crush   the    railroader's  union.  Reference is also made in the poem to  the  fact that leading Canadian journals  are  controlled   by great  railroad  and other corporations, which also .too  largely influence the action of the Dominion parliament and provincial legislatures.   All these   things   the    poem  brings  out,  whilst  heartily  congratulating   the   prince   and    princess   and  seeking their aid in the cause of Canadian organized la'bor.   The poem is a  greeting   to  His  Royal   Highness   the  Duke of Cornwall and York, and comprises IS stanzas,    the closing   one of  which  reads as follows:  For fall  ��� A rich and beautiful,showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1901.  Every wantablc kind of material is  Included In this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of thescgoodB, which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which we mention a few of the  weaives we have in the latest designs  and shades.  J5BBOLINE,  VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, CHEVIOTS,  SUITING'S,  BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc.. Etc.  We ask you  to call and see them.  We iknow the price will do the rest.  mm     . *. ^m���M���~     *M^���mMm-mM~Mm~  4Mf  O-P  A ������������������������ �����������������-��^��<>^��  J 70 Cordova, cCor. Cambie_  We reach wherever the malls reach.  *J��HNS��W ���,  IHGGINS  if&sbionA&Ie Tailors.  WE lmve just opoiie.I a frobh siuuk of guoi|a  piiri'liiiM.il by Mr. Johiiboli, wlio recently  returned from olii^gow.  Scotch Tweeds,  Irish Serges and  English Worsteds  il To be faithful  is the motto .of the management oi the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with the utmost-  promptness.    To be fair in all dealings.   '  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.  <>  o  <���  <���  <���  o  o  irance  PORTLAND, MAINE. ' Incorporated,. 1848  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. R EVANS, Provincial Manager.  To the members of the Mainland  Steamshipmen's Protective and Benevolent Association of British Columbia:  Take notice that the above association proposes to change its corporate  name to that'of the British Columbia  Steamshipmen's Society, and that a  special meeting of the members of the  said association is hereby called for  Monday tlie fourth day of .November,  nineteen hundred and one. in the city  ot Vancouver, at the IK. of P. hall,"at  3 p. m., to decide as to tlio advisability  of  making above  change.  Tn witness whereof we have hereunto signed our names and affixed the  seal of the association.  This fourth day of October, In the  year of our Lord one thousand' nine  hundred and one.    (Signed.)  CHAS. HAMILTON THOMPSON,  President,  GEORGE NOONAN,  Secretary,  I Seal.]  GRILL ROOM.  HEASQl'AKTKIIS FOB ALL KINDS OF  t  <>  <���  o  Open dny and night.   Special  iitten- ��-  tion given io buiKiuut!, nnd dinners.      11  C. THOURET      -     -      Manager     * *  Giime of nil kinds ; Clam Chowder:  Beefitnke Pudding, mid ull short orders u Epcciiilty.  Prince,  will you swear an oath with  us, pledging iboth heart and hand,  Standing  eiect  with  level   glance,   as  man should speak to man?  As  you  to your 'people  are  true and  Just, as you to your oath are true;  True to our heritage and your trust,  so we will 'be true to you.  But  another oat'h  we  have  sworn   to  keep in the Land of the Northern  Zone���  Mammon shall rule no more in the land,  and Laibor shall have her own.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bpi'.lc, at Gold  Seal Liquor Cb7, 746 Pender street.  A correspondent writes that our occupation should be driving nails. Just  so,  nailing campaign  lies, as it were.  The Canadian mllltla authorities last  week asked for 1C0 recruits for garrison duty at Halifax, and In three days  only thirty applicants appeared, of  whom only live were accepted. Twenty-live inedlcnlly unlit men wanted a  Job so bnil that they were willing to  do garrison duty nt a few cents per  tiny. Five morally-diseased men were  accepted. War Is Immoral, and' it is  gratifying to know that the sentiment  against mun-slaylng Is increasing.���  ClUzen and Country.  ONE   KIND   OF   BREED.  You  have seen   him?   He  Is'in  outranks.   He Joined the union from force  of  circumstances.    His   name  is    enrolled  on  pur list  of  deadheads.    He  mado one effort   to   think   for a   moment, was Jerked away from the boss'  coat tail, and there he sits, squat-legged, afraid to .move, lest he offend his  boss.      He     occasionally     attends    a  meeting,   opens  his  mouth,, drinks   In  the entire .proceedings, and- lets it run  through   'him   like   water   through a  sieve.    "When  the  meeting is  over  he  snoalcs out tlie 'back way so as not to  be seen by tlie 'boss.    He hitched on  to the union as the "ho*bo" hitches on  to a freight train, to .be drawn somewhere with no effort on his part.    He  never takes any unionism on the works  with him for dally use.    The burdens  ho cannot conveniently cast upon  Hie  other members he  will  lay before the  foreman.   He don't enthuse or encourage the other members.   He never tries  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, (Same, Fruit,  and  ^vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH  DAILY  MONTREAL BAKERY  ���j  WESTMINSTER AVEXOE.  Is a pure, wholesome beverage, -  and contains no harmful ingredients. It is' highly recommended as a tonic for weak and  - dubilitated people.  Doering & Marstrand  TELEPHONE 429.  . . MAKES A SPECIALTY 0? . . '  ��    Dewar's special wm, also ������;  �� ���  usner's Black La&ei Liqueur vmisky  ���LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  COBNEB COBDOVA AND CAIlRALL.  Notices.  It Is very gratifying to observe that  President Roosevelt's selection of cabinet oflicers has received' the hearty  endorsation of the Province and World.  One peculiar thing albout a strike Is  the fact that the corporation press is  ���afraid that the men on strike will  starve to death If they do not get back  The 13. C. electric railway have procured a man from New York to act  ns chief engineer.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our SOc rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.  Convalescents need Eiaen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Messrs. Todd & Norman, publishers  of the Souvenir Albuni, are meeting  with great success. The merchants and  others pronounce the ivork ns the best  thc-y have ever Interested themselves In  in Vancouver.  BOY WANTED.  A youth who has had eome experience  in printing office composing room. Ap-  piy "Iv", oflice of this paper.  to add one more to the list of new  members. He is the llrst to criticize  the oillcers, the first to demand the  'benefits of the union, and the lirst to  kick and swear that the union is no  good, If he does not win every point,  and pay him .back live dollars for  every cent he has invested In dues.  He 'breeds more discontent and creates  more strikes In his sneaking way than  would a thousand good members. He  can see starvation and want In the  families of his fellow workmen us serenely ns he can carry a story. 'He Is  ii dend-4iead on the down hill rond to  starvation wages and ten hours per  day, and will gel there like a tin can  on a dog's tall If he don't die. If he  Is In your branch "lire" him. out, but  don't kill him, ns he would lose Ills  lust ibreath calling for the funeral  benefits.���Es_  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT TIIE  next regular sitting of the Board of License  Conunl&slonars for the City of Vmicouvor I  shall npply for a transfer of the Hoi>'l License  from-JrU.-ClRrk-for-tho~prciiilsi's_!.lti:"irteilou"  Lot JO, Bloi'k 41, Subdivision of District Lot 5 It  known us the Badminton, (il)3 Howe street, In  the said City of Vancouver.  (Signed),  JOSEPH \V. WALLIS.  % ancouver, September 18,1901.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquartors for tho engineering trade  lu Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���s=>  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents' up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  The-  IH ViUl  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and  oofrec*. any kind of stomach trouble.  CO c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Waieon  Co.    ��� '   ���'  From Their Nanalmo, fcombfloM nnd  Protection Island ".olllerlua,  Steam, Qqs  and  House Coal  i  - Of tho Following Grade*:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mine,..  Waahed Nut and  , Screening*.  SAMUEL If. ROBINS, Superintendent,  ���  EVANS, COLEMAN & KVANB, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  Having tho Only Up-to-Datc Grill Room  In B.C. which in Itself Ib a guaranteo  of a First-Clans Hotel and Restaurant,  Seymour Streeet,  $AVOY  THEATRE  B. Simmon General Manager.  J Townsknd SWgo Manager.  Week Commencing  Monday, Oct. 7.  A Show for the People.  "Quantity and Quality Combined/'  Hassey-flrt and Steams  All SIYIES BBCYCLES AU PMOS  '    ' "��� -AT   -        '���        - ���      '  KENDALL'S. 328 Cordova St  The  eat place in B. C. to have your        ���  Bicycle repaired.  i .  '..'-..   ��� 'c /'->���     *    ��� -  y\   " ���' SATURDAY OCTOBER o,  1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  SALflGlJM  .A He will not flt a .fact.���Ingersoll.  There Is a great deal of good in this  -world, and< there will be more.  On the ��rent ocean of Intelligence  there-is room plenty and to spare for  .every sail. /  The great Ingersoll one said that the  history of civilization is t'he history of  the slow and painful enfranchisement  .of t'he human race.   In Uhe olden times  the family was a monarchy, the father  toetyig the monarch.    The mother and  .children were the veilest slaves.   The  will  of  t'he  father  was  tlie  supreme  law." He  had   the   power  of life   and  death.    It took thousands of years to  .civilize this father, thousands of years  "to make the condition of tlhe wife and  ���mother  and   children   even   tolerable.  A few families constituted a tribe; the  tribe had a chief; the chief was a ty-  -rant; a few tribes formed a nation; the  nation  was governed by a king,   who  was also a tyrant.    A strong nation  robbed, plundered and took captive the  weaker ones.  "em!" said the     indignant    William,  wrathfuliy. "I'never had anything to  do, with it. I didn't even know they  was took!" '  A' new notion for'making church  .sociables and other gatherings for  amusement iplensant is to give each  person a card on which a dozen or  so names are written, and. the recipient of the card must talk .five .minutes to each one whose'name Is^on the  card. 'At the end of each iflve minutes  a bell, sounds and conversation..must  cease, and new' partners .be found.  This scheme is said to be the death to  ���"wall flowers" and "clique.," so prevalent in Vancouver circles, and of great  advantage to the social success of' the  evening's entertainment.  A music s teacher prescribes music  as a cure for ariarchy;"ibut It's not'the  kind of music that tliey grind out next  .door.���Ex. '     ,   ,  It is understood that as a result of  the successful recent shipment of an  experimental consignment of some  eight tons of British Columbia prunes  to Winnipeg, there is'likely to be developed In due course -a. fair Manitoba  market for that fruit. Bartlett and  Bussack pears, chiefly from Chllllwack,  were also "sent, but the former are  said scarcely to have'compared favorably In appearance -with the Washington State variety, whilst the latter are  not quite a flrst standard variety.  Hence the prospects of the Manitoba  market are better for the plums, which  arrive later and at a. more convenient  because cooler season than those of  Washington, than for the ipears. It is,  however, considered "iby British Columbia fruitgrowers' that Bartlett pears  from the Okanagan will, If sent to and  tested,in Manitoba, compare well with  any from Washington State.  NOVA SCOTIA ELECTIONS.  A waggish cabinet-maker,   who repaired   chains   asctin   accommodation,  -advertised thus:    "All kinds ol chairs,  and ibllls contractedjtherofor,- receipted with pleasure." ��� His wit andi wis-  . dom turned lilm in a ileal of cash trade.  Advice from toack. east and further  back:   -"You  .boys' in   the   wild     and  woolly  west!    If you are'doing well,  -your friends.would like to hear.from  ��� you; if you are succeeding"'!)' badly,  ���they would rather'hear of you; if you  are ibllndly.broke, they neither caie to  ���hear of or fiom you.   Be advised and  act accordingly!  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL:.  The regular fortnightly meeting of  the "Trades and Labor 'Council was  held on Friday evening in the Labor  Hall. President Crow occupied the  chair, and Secretary Cross was in his  place.  .V communication was rerelved from  P. G. Tatlow, M. P. P.,;  filed.  The ' following new Parliamentary  Committee was appointed:. Messrs.  Macpherson, Watson Ciowder, Nelson,  Pound. Burns and Rollins. ,   "���-  ,.   - , j    .,   f   .1     -  The Bakers' Union presented'a'-circular neainst the non-Union bakeshop  of Mr. Dodson. .Considerable discussion  took place upon this, and the Council  decided" to take aggressive measures; '  "Thert was a very small attendance  of delegates, consequently no business  of importance was transacted.  There are only two tragedies in life  .���not getting what, you want and getting it.    The last Is the worst.  Uncle Schmidt,  the other night, ex-  - plained  how  a whole church   congre-  -gatlon  'became   positively  alarmed   in  . a little town out west by a Hying cit.  "  A flying cat?"  "Yaw,  a flyin'_ cat.   Well,  you see,  iboys, 'twas shust like dls:. I-gots nie  seven  plodders .fiom  de    s'olilnughter  -house and diies clem to blows vind in  already yet.    And   by'omphy  I  climes  me a high  tioe mlt my  torn cat and.  plndders ln one bag.    I blows vind  In  idem pUddeis   mit my mouth  an 1  on  -them'fasten the cat���von on p.'.ch leg,  two on  he's   tail   and   von  'iound   his  neck.    Den   t'he  cat   pitches   into   the  wind for a boost and shust so long as  he'd'paddle wit his paws he venl higher and higher to the skies. But byembv  do  flyin'   cat,   him   tired   and   veil   he  stops paddle mlt his feet ihe falls un-  ���der his wings, und the plndders. like  a baloon goes up on top quick, ven he  comes down  to the ground  easy like  what you call 'cm painchute.   The cat  -. came-down-on-the-chui'i-h-ioiifr-und  ���ras  like  mad,   and  spit, and  mowed,  and I tells you bad and fight dem plad-  ."ders already yet, ven the good pioaen-  er man thought some do'lis fiom hells  ���\os on top his ohurch, and came oud-  slde and saw de great flyin' cai.   You  bet  der .vos  big oxoitement  dat  nic  ���Sunday  niornln'.    The  bell  him  ning  for'llie, und the buoket'brigade, mlt a  long ladder, got de ipoor cat down  to  the giound.  "Well,    uncle,    can    a    flying    cat  ���fly-high?" '  "Not very high���only 'bout three or  ���four miles. He flics shust so long ns  ���he paddles mlt his legs like he swims."  The Hon. Canoll D. Wright, an eminent United  States stntiltlcian,    lias  been for seevral years compiling facts  about wages in commercial  countries.  His, work Is believed to be as accurate aa It well can be, and; his figures  show that for a century  wages have  been steadily Increasing, r.nd, although  the cost of living has meanwhile risen,  It lias' not increased in.so large a ratio.   On the whole, the American workman has  the best wages,  but though  his  are- very  much larger he has* to  Pay nioie in living expenses than lils  fellow  in   European, countries.    As  a  general   rule,  in  most  industries   the  highest wages nre pald'in America, the  next  highest  in  those  ot  the British  Colonic1: which  are in the main English speaking anil not mainly populated by colored races.   Then comes England,  then Prance, while Germany is  nearly always  low    in   the  list.    Mr.  Wright's figures go to show that mere  rate of wages alone is not a main factor  in   the  International' struggle  for  trade. In estimating also the real value  of the higher wage paid to the Aineii-  c*in worker, it must'be borne in mind  that In addition  to, his lather hlghei  cost of.living thnn that of the Bnthh  home employee, he has to work as a.  l ule at ;i moie weailng and exhausting  pace nnd Is In many industries in the  United States "laigely out of the nin-  ning" when little pas-t middle age.   On  the whole,    theiefoic,   It   would   seem  that the aveiage Ameilcan woiker his  but   slight   advantage   In   respect   of  ! enumeration  o\er his Bi itlsh   fellow  IndusliinlKt       Tho     Aniciican      has,  however, consequent upon the mpldly  proceeding development of a young nnd  naturally rich country, more opportunities of advancement to the emplov-  er status than the English worker, ami  it is in this probably that the substan  -tial-udvantage_of the"Amerlcnn~ wage-  earner Is to be found.  Sarcastic man to the "Christy"���  Here's a funny paper with a lot of  Jokes you might use.   Minstrel, with  ��� dignity���We never use printed Jokes,  sir.   Sarcastic man���Why not?   Don't  ��� you think they're an improvement on  ���the'Jokes that were" made"before'the  art ,of printing .was .discovered'?  The heat of 'the Sunday School was  ��� tropical, the interest of the boys below  zero, but the patient teacher toiled en.  "Now, boys,J,'he'',saitd,'in'a sorely-tried  voice, "surely some one ot you can tell  me who carried, off the gartes of Gaza,  gpe'ak up William.*'"' * "I'never touched'  "IN OLD KENTUCKY."  That ever popular and pretty story of  Kentucky life, "In Old Kentucky,"  comes to the Opera House on Wednesday evening. Probably no American  play of the day appeals as strongly to  the masses as does this Idyllic romance  of the South, with Its characteristic  types of Southern life, Its scenes on  the race track, its grotesque pickaninnies and Its manifold other attractions.  The singing and dancing little darkles  come ln for no small share of applause  nnd'their portion of the entertainment  Is one of the delightful episodes of the  piny. There are some" thirty or more  of these,nagged pickaninnies. . Some  of them' compose the- Wangdoodle  Brass Bond, othcirs sing, dance, shoot  craps and amuse .themselves ln various  ���nays. Their native, unaffected ease  and apparent enjoyment of all they do  lender this a remarkable stage picture. Tlie cast of the plajr Is .a thoroughly competent one and the scenery  and'effects very elaborate. Lovers of  a.sood, wholesome, American play, will  do well to avail .themselves of am opportunity to witness a performance of  'In Old Kentucky.".  Halifax, Oct. 2.���The general elec  tlons for the Province were held to-  day.j The Liberals have carried 34 out  of the 38 teats, with two of the four  Conservative in doubt.  o  The returns are as follows;���  HALIFAX CITY.  McPherson (Lib.)  .'....2,685  Crosby (Con)  2,556  Mitchell (Lib.) 2,560  Campbell (Con.)    2,485  Keefe (Lib.)    2,463  Stewart (Con.)   2,211  CAPE BRETON. =*  McKenzle'(Lib.)    2,973  Gillies (Lib.)    ��,803  McKlnnon   (Con.)    1,665  Mullin (Con.)   1,514  DIGBY.  Comea/u (Lib.)  1,306  Gidney (Lib.)  .1,294  Tobln (Con.)    550  Dugan (Con.)     446  LUNENBURG.  MoKean (Lib.) 2,719  Davison (Lib.)  2,516  Roberts, (Con.)    1,807  Wolff (Con.)   1,887  SHELBURNE.  Johnston (Lib.)     751  Robertson (Lib.)     750  Hood   (Lib.)    '...   282  QUEEN'S.  rarrell (Lib.)  1,043  Cooper (Lib.)     9G3  Libbey  (Con.)    S54  Hutt (Con.) __.    S4S  COLCHESTER.  Lawrence  (Lib.)    1,736  Pearson  (Lib.)    1,728  Black (Con.)   1,669  Stairs  (Con.)    1,502  GUYSBORO.  Sinclair (Lib.)  1,036  Whitman (Lib.)  1,029  Hard ins (Con.)  *_    434  Keating (Con.)    -,    402  KING'S.  Dodge. (Lib.)    2,685  WIekwire (Lib.)  .'.2.575  Innis (Con.)   1,438  Ryan (Con.) 1,410  . HANTS.  Drysdale (Lib.)  2,257  McHaffey (Lib.) 2.058  Snnfoid (Con.)    1,576  Wilcox (Con.)  l,;63  ANNAPOLIS.  Longley (Lib.)    1,452  Bancroft (Lib.)   1,422  Healy (Con.)    1,023  Andrews (Con.)     934  VICTORIA.  Murray  (Lib.)    1,133  Morrison (Lib.)   ���     913  McDonald (Con.)      572  McCabe (Lib.)  '    319  RICHMOND.  Joyce   (Lib.)    1,061  Finl.iyson   (Lib.)    1,006  Stewart  (Con.)       453  Landiy (Con.)     430  INVERNESS.  J. MacDonnld (Lib.)  1,718  Douoett  (Lib)       1,126  McDougall (Lib)     \ 1,007  McMillan   (Con.)       ......... ^53  McNeill (Con)    7.-777;.7777  Alex   MacDonald   (Lib)   ..:.;;77.   439  PICTOU       ;;":'77;l7.;  McDonald (Lib)    ..7..7 7.4,020  Pnttoison (Con)       ......3.461  Tanner (Con.)      3,101  Cpmeron (Con)    3.099  Dewnr (Lib)    3,092  Munio  (Con)       2,955  CUMBERLAND.  Black  (Lib)    2,933  McLeod.   (Con.)    2,954  Smith   (Coti.l    2,917  Tucker (Lib.)   __ 2,912  Yai moutli  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All msberi el tta R. C I. P. A. cu tlieir tkh (aid.  Aik ler II wlw�� __j_U��i jtat faKfeoa,  CNDOneED mt THE A. 9. Of U  ONS-THIRD ftOTVJUSIIE.  COLOR 18 CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during mouths named on right  hand corner and whon properly signed sod  stamped with the number of the Local. *  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following Is a complete list of  union barber shops In Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Ron Ton barber shop, . Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Sinalley's Barber Shop, 'Cordova  street.  The Whlttler Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street. '  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east. '  Army and' Navy (Oscar Heylandt)���  Granville street, under Trorey's.  A.  O. McOutoheon, Mount Pleasant.  Boulder Barl*pr Shop, Cordova Street,  Following is o list of the Union oi-  'gar factories In British Coiumlbia wQio  use tihe bQue laJbea:  W. Tiotjen, No. 1���Dlvtsibn No. 38,  Vancouver.  ' Kuittz & Co. No. 2���Division No. 88,  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Diiviision No. 38, Ktoloops.  ���B. Wlilberg & Co., No. 4���Division No.  3S, New Westminster.  T. WloxisiUoeik, 'No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kolownai Shippers' Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Kelowna.  WrLgiht Bros, No. 9���Division No. 38,  Rossland.  Kootenay Oigar Manufacturing Oom-  plany/No. 10���Division No. 38, Neieon.  Mollis & Johnson, No. 2���DivMon No.  37, Victoria.  M. BanUIey, No. 6���Division No. 37,  Victoria.  'Isl'and Oigar Factory, S. Norman, No.  6���Division No. 37, V'fdtoria.  ; iProvJnoe Oigar Co., No. 7���Division  No. 37, Victoria-  A. Stetamoter & Sons, No. S���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Gable, Kb. 9���Division 'No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. Lery, No. 11���'Division No. 37, Victoria.  OS. J. Booth, Xo. 14-d>IVjsion No. 37,  Nanaimo.  C. G'. Beflinsen���Division No. 37, Victoria. '  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 5���Division No.  3S,   Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Division No. 38,  Sandon.  Fhelin & McDonough, No. 12���Division 38, Nelson.  P. O. BOX 29f. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents k>r  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Braxlda:  MONOGRAM, ��� MAEGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, ��� EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Slreet and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  L*"TO"'sreffitfM,tf'l'MT  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, XV. 3. Lamrick; secretary. T. H.  Cross: financial secretary, W. J. Beer:  treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician. W.  McKlssoek; serge.int-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings-First and third Friday in  each month, at 7.30 p.m , in Union hall,  ccrner Dunsmimr and Homer streets.  JOn,!'����'?TYM:15:'' BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION*, No. ISO-President,  G W Isaacs; \ Ice-president, A. IT. Leg-  gatt; corresponding- financial secretary,  D. P. Johnson, 1G. Hastings St. East;  recording secretary, C. D. Morgan;  tieas-urer. J A Davidson; guide. J. A.  Stewart; guardian. E. Morgan: delegates  to T. & L. Council. Messrs. Dibden and  G. ,W. Isaacs. Meets .first and third  ��ertnesdays of each month in Union  Hall.  TEL. 346.  COOKS, -\yAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S President, Chas,  Over: vice-president. W. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jns. H. Perkins: financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; trpasur-  er, Win. Ellcnder. Meeting everv Friday  at 8.30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and'Dunsmulr streets.  VA-NCo2.U'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.  m��?t>,22fi*InTT--t1 the-Inst Sunday ln eaoh  month at Union hall. President, C. S  uimpbell: vice-president. Oeoree WIHiv  secretary, s. J. Gothard. P. O. box CS;  Ar^I'rer.!. W\ Brand; sergeant-at-arms!  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  v ^?m',ruBf' S\_]?' Rot*' J- H- Browne  N. Williams: delegates to TmJe3 and  Labor council. J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J. H.  Browne.  ANY-MAN  Whn wants lo improve on tho appearance of bis linen can obtain ilclrable  results If lie will allow us to do his *  lnuwlrv work. There's no question  about that. Vnu know it if you are an  old rnstnmernf ours; If not, vou Fnon  will If vou'U irive ns a trial order. You  won't fitnv with us if we don't suit you;  that would be had for our nnslncss. Wo  mute a point nf not dolmranvthinp that  is bad for our business, if wo can help it.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  Phonb 340. 910 - 914 Richards St  white labor only.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNTON-  Meots second and fourth'Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland U.all. corner  Westminster Avenue nnd ITastinRs Street  at s p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president. John Friz7ell: seeretarv A. G  Perry: treasurer, H. Vandenvalker: conductor. Ed. Manning; ivaiden, D. Smith-  sentinel. T. Dubberley: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearev,  Ja<=. Barton Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and II. A. McDonald.  CANADIAN  y:yMA<cir?i*~-  In Yai mouth and Antlffonlsh, Le-  Blnnc and Storeman. and McGilliVray  and Chlsholm, all Liberals were elected by acclamation.  "THE BELLE OF NEW YORK."  The original Shaftetbury Theatre,  London, and the New York Casino production of "The Belle of New York"  will become tho attraction nt the Opera  House on Tuesday evening. This organization is the same which wns seen  hene Inst season, nnd 1s now maklwr  Its fiftieth annual triumphal tour'of. the  principal cities of this country, from  Coaflt, to Coast. The costuming.,,this  season is said to be even more superb  than ever before, made from the designs of Europe's most clover artists  and designers. "The Belle" Is by far  tho brightest of the Casino's long list  of succossors, and its action gdves opportunities for the Introduction of a  large chorus and ballets of exceeding  beauty. Manager Shubert has selected his chorus this season from the fairest of all those ait the Casino, Including the famous balletof the London production. The part of the elder Branson is again played' by Mr. E. J.' Connelly, and the entire, company of prin-  UNTTE'D BROTHERHOOD OF CAR.  PENTERS and Joiner-:���Meets everv see-  ond and fourth Thursdav In Union Hall,  room No. 1 President. Wm. F. MoKen-  7le, ASi Ninth avenue; vice-president.  Hucrli Wilson- recording SPCTetnrv. A. E.  Coflln,- 730 Nelson street; financial seere-  tnrv. H. S. Falconer: trpi^urer. Geortfe  Walker: conductor. Jap. Fercuoon; war.  den. Jos. Dixon: delep.ites tn T. and L  eounoli. Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson.  H. Wilson.  TUF RETAIL CLERKS' INTERN \-  TIONVL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  mceis in O'Brien's Hull, the first and  ���lurfl Tucdavs of e.-irh month T. A.  Phillip president; W. J Lamrick, secretary,  21S Princess street.  TFX * D.\ MINERS' UNION. No. 113. W.  F M.. meets everv Saturdav nt 7.30 p.m.  In Fm inters' hall. Vnn Anda. Prpsld��nt,  R. Aitken; vice-president. C. A. MelviH��:  "ecretnrv. A. Raper Van Anda. B. C-  treasurer. TT. X'. prion; conductor, P  Burt: -warden. John Llnklater.  and  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  A^Murray^^estmlnster-avenue-  INTETtVATTONAL ASSOCIATION* OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lndire. No. 1S2-  Meets second and fourth Wednesdnv In  each month in Union Hall. President.  Wm. Beer' corresponding secrefarv. E  Ttrrmln". 72<! Hamilton street: financial  sccretan-. J. H. McVetv. 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION.  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hull. Homer  street, every first and third Saturday in  eaoh mnnth nt S n. m. Ernest Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  ,   Cluhb & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MciRae & 'McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  J. B. Sheering-, Cambie street.  E. Larsen, Hastings Street.  J. Carrelll, Oondova street.  Simon & Co., Cordova street  UNION BAKERTES  W. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  W. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch BaJtery, Hastings  street.  W. D. Kent, 56 Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street.  Mlnchen Co., Granville street.  IBarnwell Bros., Granville street.  Largen & Tupper, Granville street.  JCTJREY'rEN BAKERS' -\NT> CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America. Local No. 40. Vancouver. B.  C. President. James Webster: vice-president, J W. Wilkinson: recording *wcre-  tary .Mmdo XTacLean. 2721 Westminster  Avenue; ilnancial secretary. H. MoMullin  Toronto Candv Co.; treasurer. W. A.  Wcod��. 33T Ninth Ave. Mt. Plenxant;  eorrespnndlng verrotnn. T". RSiavIIiikS,  Barnwell Bro��.. Granvlle street: masters-at-arms. F. Movies nnd Fred Bar-  He; delegates to T. ��- L Council, F.  Rowlings and J. XV. Wilkinson.  LINE  World's  SCCDBC  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOB JArAN AKD   CHINA.  Empress of India Oct. 7  Athenian Oct. 13  Empress of Japan Nov. 4  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAIU.NG FOR HONOLULU AM) AUSTRALIA.  Aorangi Oct. 18  Moana  Nov. 25  Miowcra Dec IS  and every four ivecks thereafter.  For further particulars as to timo rates etc.,  apply to ,  E. J. COYLE,  A. G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SOLATER,  Ticket Agent,  ASS Hastings St,  Vancouver, B. O,  THERE IS  Pay up your subsorlptlon to the Independent, lit cToes not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  PARIS GREEN, HBUHBOKE  ANiD WHALE OIL SOAP for the ex-  termlnaitllon of the CUT WORM and  other inseots���for eale by the McDow-  eipala (have been kept Intact as seen | eJ]( Atkins, Wa/tsom , Company, Tlie  here last season. '     '     Druggfte, Vancouver.  ClOARIMAKBRS' UNION I NO. T.7-  Meets tlle flrst Tuesday ln each month  In Union Hall. President. A. Koehitl;  vlce-nreslilent. P. Crowder: secret*!rv,  G. Thomas, Jr.. IAS Cordova street west;  tiensurer, S. W, Johnson: scrgonnt-at-  nrniK. J. XV. Brat;' delegates to Trades  and Li bor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  C   Nelson.  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 13a  Meets every Thursday In. Labor hall.  President. XX', Pavlcr; vice-president, E.  Crush: recording-secretary. C. 'Plnder.  1759 Eighth avenue, Falrvlow: financial  secretary, XV. Stanley, 413 Keefer street;  treasurer. H. MoSorlcy: trustees, C. Irwin. B. Cross and W. Cole.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA,, No. 17S-3reot9 alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hail. President. F. Willlnms, vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secrotarv, H. O.  Burrltt: financial secretary, Walfred  Larson: treasurer, C. E. Nellson; sergeant-at-arms,  A.* J.  Kennedy.  For the next 30 days you can get n suit at  5-our own price st  THE   ACME  To inlroduco our new system of tailailrg before our Fall Stock ei:1t-��.  21 Georgia St. C L Holland, Cotter.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  ii  /*���!.  SB  "S. ,  I.'-  ^I'l-'l-". THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.........OCTOBER 5,  1801  ENGLISH INDUSTRY VS. THE  TARDES UNIONS.  Are England's industries seeking  otlier llelds and leaving her workmen  to starve? If this is true Is It the  "fault of the trade unions? These questions were addressed 'by the editor of  the American' Federatlonlst to several  men' of the highest standing Ir, the  English trade union movement. They  were prompted by the assertions so  freely made In this country that England Is loosing her industries and that  the policy of her trade unions Is responsible for the situation. All the  answers received come troni men who  arestudents of economic'' conditions  Wherever there Is a laibor question.  They give an emphatic ...denial to the  statement. G. H. Barnes,' general secretary Amalgamated' Society of. Engineers, England, says: "We are often  asked if "  England's 'Industry  '   3.     ���-.':,  v. - - ���    ���        X"  is seeking other fields and leaving the  solidified union forces .to starve? In  answer .let me quote from a speech  delivered a week ago by Mr. Arthur  Chambrlain, brother of the colonial  secretary, and one of the ��� largest of  our manufacturers. Quoting from the  Times newspaper, I ilinil lie is reported  . ea follows: 'The competition of Europe and the United States be regarded  largely as a bogey of politicians and  newspaper .paragraphists. The manufacturers of this country .were never,  as a whole, more confident, more energetic, mo're successful, and, perhaps,  he ought to say this in.a whisper���  anore wealthy.' There never was a time  ��� in the history of the country when the  , manufacturers found employment for  eo many people, nor when they paid,  on t'he Whole, such large proiits. This  seems fairly conclusive from the manufacturers' point of view, and, by way  of pointing the moral, if not adorning  the statement, 1 may add that Mr.  . Chamberlain .is engaged in ' trades  which are well organized on the side  of the workmen.   'But, supplementary  , to this.testimony, I might briefly quote  from ithe board of trade returns so. far  as they relate to the engineering Industry: I go back ..twenty-five years,  and. surely a quarter of a century will  sufllce.for the.purpose. I find that; in  the" year 1S76,there were exported from  ,: England engineering products amounting, in. .value to:��7,200,000.; in. 187S,. ��7,-:  280,000;7lS81i   ��10,000,000;' 1SS2, -��12,000,-  7 000;' 1SS3,   ��13,00,0,000; 1S93,    ��14,000,000;  7 1S94, ��11,000,000; 1895, ��15,250,000; 1S96,  ��17,000,000; 1898/ ��18,390,000; 1899,' ��19,-  650,000,000.; arid In 1900, ��19,620,006. Even  : assuming our Industries to be declining,  ���"���'���'   Are the Unions .Responsible  for it?. .It seems unnecessary to deal  . .������'wltto that in the'light of the testimony  : I have .quoted.; But* I    must say that,  7as a matter of fact,. those industries  which are best organized on the work-  imaiVs side are the most prosperous iu-  .dustries of the country. The shipbuilding, engineering,', coal getting and cotton spinning are all well organized industries and were never so prosperous,  ; whereas, on the other hand, the heavy  textile industries, shoe-making and  several other industries that might be  mentioned, and which are 'but'Indifferently . organized on the side of the  work people, are not'so '.prosperous.  Trade union organization is absolutely  : (necessary, under present, conditions, in  order to maintain and promote the interests of labor. AVe see-, around., us  a contest Incessantly going on; in which  . the least strong must inevitably go  to the wall. Trade ��nions place workpeople on,. asnearly as possible, the  same plane as employers. in  negotla-  _itiqna. respecting  the" disposal  of  their  labor.    All   exif^ienc^ifeTe^ten'ds^to1  .justify 'trade  unionism.    It "has''���: improved labor conditions, it has Helped  in the formation of a. sane and sympathetic public opinion, and we have  induoed   employers   to   recognize  that  labor is not merely a dumlb inarticulate mass, ibut a .potent force to be  trealted  on   terms of  squallty."    Mr.  ���David Holmes, Burnley, Eng., another  representative labor man,    says:   "If  the theory were  true  that England's  industries .were-..   .....     ......  7 Seeking Otlier Fields  nnd leaving our workingmen to starve,  we should, expect to see some reaLevl-  dence of it in the ofTleln'l returns of  our exports, which do not at all bear  out that rvlew. On the contrary, we  And that while there are many fluctuations, the steady trend of our exports  Ihas been upwards and the rise corresponds In the.maln with the development  of our trade organizations. In 1804 our  exports were.only ��19,000,000, .or.:. 13a.  6d. per head,;whereas In the last year  of the last century they ihad risen to  ��60,000,000, or; ��1 10s. 3d. per.head/ If  the employers of America are industriously'cliculating the report'that trade  unions of England are driving our  trade or capital abroad, they are very  Jtarfrom* the marit; for'during the 'last  40 years the trade of this country has  developed enormously contemporaneously with the growth of trade unions,  clearly showing that trade unions have  rather 'helped than retarded production and tlie increase o�� national  wealth. We have got accustomed ln  England to tills capitalist cry, which  we bellevu to be very hollow, because  we tlml it is not peculiar to tlie English employers, but is a common cry  raised, niul more or less loudly or falsely, by the employing eluss In every  country. If it were true or if there  was even a substantial element of truth  In it, then it would' be advisable and  necessary for the organized' fores of  the country to revise their ipo.sltlon anil  propaganda. 1 am not disposed to subscribe to the view that-England's Industries are seeking other 'lields and  leaving our workmen to starve. On the  contrary, ln almost every department  of labor the working men of this country were on the whole  Never Better Employed  or better ijiaid for their lalbor than they  are 'to-day, -thanks" largely and mainly,  to tkeir organizations ,built up slowly  but firmly iby the men themselves.  When all Che coiislderatlon of the relative cost of living are duly taken into  view I incline to the opinion that the  Englishman's labor will compare favorably with.that of any other nationality. If we 'look to the savings of the  working classes as indicated by the  return o�� the national savings and postal saving banks, these show an enormous increase for the last few years.  These facts, I think, so far as Great  Britain is concerned, clearly show that  trade unionism is helping rather than  injuring the industries of this country.  The detractors of the movement in  America, therefore, must be drawing  on their imaginations, or upon Information from vitiated sources.' In this  province we have men who would try  to make every one-believe that trade  unions are      .  Driving Capital Out ���  of the country, that trade unions are  killing this young province. Even in  British Columbia we see that the best  organized trades are the most prosperous, Work t'he least hours, draw the  highest pay and have less trouble with  their employers. The statements of  our English trade .unionists should  teach us a lesson In this young and  .progressive country to solidify ,: our  ranks and make organized .laibor a  unit "in this :: province. 7 Every',, one  should get:into an organization of his  orcher craft.. We should' 'have fewer  labor troubles "..and more pay than  many are getting at present..   J.IH. AV.  '7: The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   thecomer  of Carrall and Hastings .streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K;  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 doi". quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 74(5 Pender street.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. KUig.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  When you want to hire a flrat-claas  horse and buggy, go to the palace  Hvery sta bles.  Telephone 125.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  IS.YOUiR LAUNDRY"CLEAN?.7  If not, ta'ke it to the Pioneer laundry and have it attended to at once.  i"e.leanliness=is=diexUto^Godliness,ikand:  the Lord 'knows the Pioneer will work  hard to put them in the proper condition at the proper price. They use  the latest methods In Ironing and will  use care in handling your goods. The  present management are doing all.in  their power to give tlhelr patrons satisfaction and are having grand success.   6ee their nil. on another page.  The Hamilton Times tells of a newly  married couple leaving:'that city the  other day .under these glorious circumstances: "The bride's trunk bore a  placard, 'I left my happy home for  you.' '.We're married!' blazed on another piece of luggage, while 'Just one  kiss, love!' was chalked'on the groom's  ���kit. The poor man .patiently bore his  cross���or grips���While the aforesaid  friends pelted.him aml'hls ipretty bride  with old slippers and pounds of rice.  It was great fun���for the crowd." And  yet we pretend to lie civilized, and  ridicule Maori marriage customs! Ana  some exchanges are continually: seeking to find out why bachelors :do not  marry, and why there should' ibe so  many Ibachelors In Canada.V Bashful  young men would just albout as soon  go to a scaffold as an altar to be joshed so 'unmercifully, and consequently  ���prefers to remain celebates.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  WHAT MAN WANTS.  To the Editor'of Tiie.Inuei'EKUknt:  Sir,���In last week's' Independent was  a letter from Mr." Geo. R. (Maxwell, on  "What is Man?" He tells us "under  the Industrial system which Is in favor a man's health or unhealth arc of  no moment. He is of nonuorc rvalue  than a horse. If he does the work,  alright; if not, let lilm die. The lack  of sympathy and humanity on the part  ot the capitalist is notorious. The system then that compels a, man to.be  thrust Into places where lie must  breathe Impure air, drink Impure  water, which condemns him to eat impure food or starve, which robs him  of the necessary fuel, shelter anil  clothing, which deprives hlni from enjoying and possessing those things  which can deliver him from anxiety,  trouble, worry and distress, which  drags him into the lubor market and  makes, hlni the victim of supply and  demand, that makes him the beast ot  burden to supply the rii_h man with  his luxuries, and' his animals with  comforts far surpassing what his.pittance enables him to provide for his  life and .those dependent upon him,  and Which makes his needs the last  to be provided for out of the products  of his labor, cannot in the 'very nature  o�� tilings be a. Just and fair system,  for any system which ignores his needs  and which makes no provision for  them, is dishonorable, is unjust, and  demands to be swept out of existence,  to ibe substituted for one in which the  laborer shall receive a full share ot  what he produces." .Mr. Maxwell, beware.   Such expressions as the above,  o  so says the World, are decidedly socialistic, therefore anarchistic, nihilistic, and therefore punishable by death  and should not be tolerated in a free  community where, if a man has ho  boots, he is at liberty to go barefoot.  Notwithstanding what the World says,  inequalities do exist, because, as*Mr.  Maxwell ipolnts out, under the industrial system' that prevails the man who  works is looked down on for his pains,  and in many cases treated like a beast  of burden, 'The World'pretends to be  the friend' of the workingman���it -is  only pretense, however, and the workingmen know it. If the World would  be In the van of progress and a leader  of public opinion, then It must study  the social and economic questions of  the day and try to realise this, that  the ety of the wealth producer is not  for .more work, but more justice, a  fair share in w-hat they produce. They  demand that to the toller shall'.'go: the  fruits of his toil. PAIR PLAY.  7:  EUGENE VftDEBS. "'  His ..Views, on    t'he :-Assassination  of  "'*'' "7  ���MtJKihley.V.;.;  I .have'sympathy for any.iman who is  the victim of such, an attack.as that  made on the -president ;because I am  constitutionally apposed 'to "shedding'  human 'blood under .any.'circumstances..  But I have no. more sympathy with  President; McKlnley,.than I have for.  the innocent victims who .were shot  down by the New York militia at Buffalo a few years' ago,,or the inofCeii-.  sive miners who were trudging, along  the highway at Latimer and; were rid--  died with 'bullets,:in :the.name, of.law  and order. Tam opposed to the'killing,  of any human being on purely/moral'  grounds, and this' applies to the assailant of Pre3ideht:iMaKinley as: well  as to.'his"intended victim.7 7 .; : 7.  . .Who would';nbt ia,:. thousand'���:��� times1  rather toe the Victim than'the assassin  in such a case? iBoth are creatures of  circumstances,.: and,; mysterious, as it  may seem, 'both fulfil their destiny.  The talk about throttling anarchists  and"suppl^slng^STchyTirslmplS^tive"  ebullition of the 'hour and a waste of  breath. Where shall the line be drawn  and who shall draw it? There Is a  very large class in this country that  regards Hearst and his papers as anarchists, and only last Monday this  Morgan of journalism was burned In  elilgy In his native state.-  And when It comes to respect for the  law, the poor, misguided and much  hated anarchists are models of Innocence compared to the great trusts and  corporations that 'trample all law un.  der foot with Impunity and so manipulate business and' Industry as to bring  suffering, misery and death to thousands, each of which In Its own small  circle is as great a tragedy as the attempted assassination of the .president  of the nation. These are the real anarchists who menace this country and  Its Institutions, and Just now they are  filling the air with their professions of  patriotism and loyalty to the flag and  sympathy for the president, while behind lt all they shift their own monstrous responsibility and "hide a smiling face."  17-King Humbert; was slain :by a half-  crazed creature Who'was born of prostitution and from iboyhood. the victim  of poverty and all Its attendant social  crimes. The way, and the only way,  to end anarchy is to cease producing  it. Sympathy for its victim, while  creditable to the human heart, does  not mitigate the evil.  When it comes to carrying out the  policy so clamorously demanded by  some there will be a lively time for  the people, including those who propose to reform the world in a duy by  destroying and exiling a ifew so-called  anarchists who are simply the products of their miserable environment.  lt so happens thut it Is always the  other fellow who is the anarchist.  Judge Woods regarded me as one and  I hud to take his word for it. If anarchy, so-called���about the meaning; of  wlilch there is a great difference, even  among the greatest of economists and  the wisest of men���is to be destroyed  by force then there will be no one left  to write the story of the self-extermination of the human race.  ���What country breeds���'most anarchy?  The most tyrannical and repressive.  What country the least? The nearest  free and .untrammeled.  In the last two presidential campaigns William J. Bryan Was almost  daily denounced in the editorial columns and pilloried iby the cartoonists  of the leading newspapers of the country as a.n anarchist. According to the  theory which lias sprung into instantaneous and national popularity he  ought to be placed' in that class and  deported to some Devil Island.  What stump orator of the side opposite to Judge Baker would like to have  that distinguished Jurist decide whether or not 'his impassioned political Invective on the eve of a campaign was  anarchistic, and If so, to be exiled for  life from his native land?  The attempt,-on Mr. McKlnley, deplorable as it seems, will prove a blessing in disguise if it teaches the lesson  that while there is injustice at the  bottom there is no security at the,top.  ���Eugene V. Debs. .  By this time people have come to  hold a great deal of respect for Horace  Greeley.: 'He was the first president of  the.'New York Typographical union,  and t'he following! is from an address  he made when proprietor of t'hat  state's leading paper: "I stand' here,  friends, to .urge that a new leaf, be  turned over���that' the .laboring class,  Instead of idly and blindly waiting for  'better circumstances and ibetter times,  should begin at once to consider land  discuss . the imeans of : controlling circumstances and commanding time, by  study, calculation and foresight.''  "Do you iknow:wlio I am, sir?":asked the aristocratic man, "I am, Sir  Francis .Daffy, Knight of the Garter,  Knight of: the IBath,' Knight of the  Double Eagle, Knight of the Golden  neece, and Knight of the Iron Cross."  ".Sure,*' said the young Irishman, "an'  I'm Michael Murphy, night 'before last,  night.'before that, last night, : to-night  and every other .blessed night!"  X- The' Independent- wants a report of  each union meelttog/and news concerning ithe menribers of. every organization.  Suoh reports and news will do much' to  sustain and create interest. In-the .organizations... Secretaries are especially  urgad to send, in ..theae^'reports, .bult  news from any. meonlber tuf an organization wiliie retoetved with pleasure....'  For stomach trouble of any Wnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money back. 5Uc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson: Co.  ��������������������������� ������*��������������  <>  <>  O  <>  <>  0  0  o  f FORD'S   GROCERY,'  ��� ������    ..  <>  ���������������������������� <>������������������  FOR HEALTH FOODS, NUT BUTTER,  BKOMOSE, G HANOI, A, C All AM EI.  UKllKAL, UKAXOSK BISCUIT, MALT-  HI) CKIIKAI,, KTC, ETC.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���=x  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  620 Cordova St. W., Vamccovsb, B. C. th.. 76  Patentees and designers of tbe Hardle-  Thompson water tube boiler, now high  speed reversing engines, and special  machinery in light sections for mineB.  FnoutLiBB Designed. . Engines Indicatid and  Adjusted.  Bole agents in B. C. and K. W. Territories lor  the United-Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng,  ������������������������������������������������������������������*���������  I YOU'LL NEED MEAT $  ��� Before long now.   The best heaters made ���  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- jr  nomical to use are the '   ���  X *>VitlAVMl W UUV U1V IliU i  S�� FAMOUS"   MR-TIGHTS AND      %  J ������ i ArBlFUOP        BASE   BURNERS.      \p  ��� made by tlie McClarv Mfg. Co. _���  ��� Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St. |  A SOLE AGENT A  MicLennan,  Ncf ecly & Co.  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL" DEALERS   IN  h aodjie^ Hardware-  MAIL   ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOLOLAS ^ CO.  ,    WHOLESALE 'GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [jg|r Headquarters for  Domestic and Imported Ctyars and Smoking Sundries.  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ONE WEEK.  R. MILLS,  10 Cordova St  iA Little Fire in the House  Kcops you cosj*enoiiL*h at homo, but how about vour feelings outside���In tbe  eveniiiKs, for instance? A trffl��- ihilly, cli ? The summer suit has earned '  an honorable rotirenu-nt. FflUis hereHiid it brlnjiK its went her comlltions  thtitwil! surely semi you horo for your TALL CLOTHING. Vou ought to see  the now suits we hnve here now for your crittcinni���Hnd your future, wear.  * Pit ouo on you iu a minute or two���you enn aeo at a Rlanfie how it becomes  vou-^pay a very hnittll profit to us over the original cost, and it's yours,  .llowabout it?  c JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ���� CO.  > 104 and 106 Cordova Street.      ,  Trunk Store I2r Hastings St., 0(.t>. Wm. Ralph's.  Arms and Ammunition  Of Everq Description and Quality at  Charles C Tisdall, S2'st^et.in*s  BUSINESS  d9mands u large' number of pur graduates in March. A course takes 6 or 7  imonth3,,eo you should begin NOW, or  we .will 'be short. We are running  short-.now!���We-can-.plaoe -between -.75  and 100 Iboys every year. To-day 'ire  have none. No ��_)i_Iloulity to place all  the girts you send us. Remember we  ikeep 'them till they are In a. situation.  The II. It. A. Vogd Oonimcreiiil College '  Vancouver, B. C.  P. O. Box M7.  aeaoeBoaooeoeo-KPaoooeoaaep  |    DELICIOUS WINE    ��  2 MAI)K KZC'Ll'HIVKLV PIKIH 11. C. FKl'IT.      ���  fi   KKK8II CUT t'l.OWEBS   UNION-MADK  O DOMESTIC CIOARS. _  e o  O        When iiinkliiic n trip nrouud tbe     ��  g l'nrk vnll on 9  3 U>   A    lnn.. liroi'ktiin Point    9  O  W. Hf. tJODcS    __ii{.i_t_ou_u     g  SaosaaMsasoooeoaoaooeeaso  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade  EANCV"  <_!'%  LAMP5   Wc hnve just opunuil-u.) the finest ft3.   sortmunt of Fiiiici", I'arlor, Dining-  room, Library ami Hull Lamps ever  .seen in this city; with prices tn suit nil  pockets inn fancy���n lino decorated  1'uiior Lamp, with Bhiule to mutch, for  only $1.50.  R..G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings, -  406 v and  408 Westminster Avenue. ��� V.ncoover  Subscribe  for  Tbe  lnde|)endenf  $ 1.23 a Year.  ���*��������������������������������  $:   GEO. HAY   :  J^     Vancouver's   Pioneer;  Clothes  jr      Kenorator, makes a suit sew.  ? Dyeing and Repairing.  X 216 CiMDIK ST., VANCOU7XB.  :'l    '

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