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The Independent Sep 14, 1901

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 4iu6u A-LoOA/^i "wJiAf*^,  SWSClllfTIO.V $1.25 A l'GU  Wage-earners should subscribe, 'because this paper"  Is published as their organ.  B. C. FERHAKENT LOAN AND  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capital   ���   $10,000,000  Subscribed Capital   ���   -    1,500,000  Asktus over    ....      300,000  Head Office S21 Cambie Street, Vancouver, 13. C.  VOL.3. ��  VANC6uyERrB..C.,SATUKDAY, SEPTEMBER 14, 1901.  NO. 25.  IEW8 OF THE LABOR WORLD  Canadian.  Trades unions) In Canada, It Is estimated, have Uncreated 130 per cent.  in memberthilp during the past 18  months.  aihe strike of Ottawa machinists,  ���whiltfh has .been on since May 20, has  been settled.- Tlie men ask for a nine  hour day, rand .increase of -13 1-2 par  cent, dn wages. ���    "  The Moyle Miners' union.has elected  the following ofllcers to serve for the  ���ensuing term: President, John McDonald; Vilce-iweslldent, .George Reed;  'finanolail secretary, _?. T. Smyth; treasurer, John Blackburn; i-oco-rdlng secretary, 'S. J. Mars*h; conductor, Win.  Gallop; wairden, M. Nugent.  The rartlway carmen of ' "Winnipeg  Slave negotiated .with the C. P. B. of-  'Hdlals for recognition of their organ-  "i__atdon. The end of 'August had been  eat as the 'tilme from which a new  start should be made and a schedule  pat tn force. Tlie matter has toeen  oftriloably arranged 'between 'the committee andi tlhe offldials.  The Court of Ming's 'bench opened  Tuesday at 'Montreal, -when true bills  ���were returned against John T. Wilson, chairman ot the Tradlemen's association, andi Joseph Lennon and ��� A.  *T. Stout, members of the'C. P. R.  trajolomen's committee, who are charged with libeling a former niemlber of  , the ttommfttee, Montgomery, who resigned on accepting the 'position of assistant roadmaster with the company.  Tho Siocan Miners' union Wave elect-.  ed officers for the ensuing term as follows: President, J.' Nixon; vice, Geo.  Nlahol; financial secretary, Bert O'-  ���NeSl; recording secretary, S. B. Cle-.  ���iment; conductor, H. S. Balker; wardien,  John Skinner; finance .odiiimllttee,' F.1  Carlisle, H. L. Fife, F. Purvi'ance;  trustees, J. V. Punviance, D. Kennedy,'  6. B. Clement; execuHve 'hoard, J- V._  Punviance, C. M. O'Bnlen, J. A. Foley,  H. L. Fife. �� -   -        r��� .  ��� Early in 'the spiitag tlie Ontario Bureau of Labor sent out schedules to  Che labor organizations 'throughout  -that province, Inquiring anito labor  conditions. Returns have been very  sHow In coming in, an'd recently additional circulars have had Ho be sent  out, Where t'he first one had (been misplaced. In order to further hasten  maltters Mr. docking lias now gone  on a tour of the eastern ipant of the  province fo enquire personally Into the  condrtHons of employment, andi also  ���will prdbatoly take a trip 'into tlhe western part of the province.  The Executhe Board of the Lord's  Day 'Alliance met'dp the Confederation  Life 'building, Toronto, last week, and  took the contiol of Rev. J. G. Shearer, tlhe seioretaiy, out of the hands of  tlie Ontaitlo "branch of the Dominion  alliance. The following delegation was  appointed to attend the Trades and  Lalbor Congress ln Brantford on the  rftlh: John Charlton, M. P., Norfolk;  D. J. O'Donoghue,.Ottawa; Rev. J. G.  Shearer, John A. Paterson, Rev. John  tangtry,"D..D., and) Rev.- Chancellor  Woll'laice-,. D. D., Toronto; Relv. T. A..  Moore',' Hamilton; Rev. D. R. Drum-  morid',; St., Thomas, amd. 01*'. F. A.  Cassidy, of Guelph.    k -I  pulse started) by the girls lis running  all  the other laundries,  to the wall.  At Roswell, New Mexico, the carpenters now haive the eight-hour day, after a short campaign.  Philadelphia trades unions are discussing ai project to Secure a central  buillding for all meetings and headquarters.  The Federal Lalbor union at Hart-  fond lias Ibeen granted an liucrease of  wages amounting to IB 1-2.per cent.,  and have been promised 'another rise  soon.  The New Yoilk Dook .Builders' 'union  .has ordered a genertjli itilke against  alll 'finms which are not paying the  union irate of t'i per day for an elglu-  fhour 'day.  , The Carpenters andi Joiners Wave a  memlbershlp of 30O.3SO in the American  d'lSftrtct and only 43 out of the entire  number were reported unemployed on  Auguslt list.  The Working Woman's union of  America Is the name of tlie organlza-  ���tlon under which the servant girls  wttll sail into the channels of organized lalbor. A strong local was lajun'dhed  In Chicago.  iFive hundred girls and/ women are  employed in tlhe foundries of Pittsburg dodng work for $1 and ,$3 a. week  for .which men were foriuerly paid  from S14 to $16 a .week. They are principality employed in core ma'WIng and  "snlaip"' molding shops.  .There Is again italic of all the railroad foroitherhoods (amalgamating to  resist the demands that aire sure to  be mlade on them "by the recently coa-  .solldlated railroaid interests. ,Tlhe oe.i-  tnaltolrag of vast corporate Interests  ���Willi, it Is believed, tend ito the solidifying of the unions.  NEWEST EMMD  OR EW.711LM0.  (By G. R. Maxwell, M. P.)  American.-   -    - :  Asheville, N. C, Ibricklayers are'getting 40 cents an hour.  "T~Jamesta"\vn7N~Y~strek-eiii'ployees  have the eiight-hour day.  FUve new unions'of Theatrical Stage  'Employees have 'been formed.        (,t>  " . Brewers  at  Pont Huron, .'Mich.,  se-  ' cured an interease of $2 a week,  i  The Brobm Maters are now putting  out .about 1,000,00)  labels iper month.  The Wire Weavers have adopted tC  InJbel and..have had it registered In  severtil 8(Mites.  The tin plate workers of the coun-  try at Inrge have ohitfained adlvahees  Kinging from 3 to 25 per cent, ln Uic  ���last year.   ���  'By placing ai new loom In mills at  Lowell, Ma*., where l.fiOO "handi."  were emiployed, one-third -were displaced. Thlls, with the reduction of  wages in New lEntfland, will odd to  Hhe misery already cxistln'g among textile workers.  ' The Orescent laundry, of Los Angeles, has ben forced dnto Ibankruptcy  tiy its creditors. This is one of the  ���coricern's iboj*cotted by the unlions for  refusing to consider lbs employees.  ���The News says that more failures are  expected,   as  the  co-dpen__tIve  enter-  CffGAUMlAlKEIRS' MEET.  Cigarmakers' union, No. 357, met In  Union Hall on Tuesday. President A.  Kochel dn the chair. The minutes of  the previous meeting were read and  adopted. The sum of $20 for four  woelcs' sick ibeneflt -was ordered to tie  paid to H. Dorn.' ��� In rvotlng on* an  amendment of London, Ont., union to  assess each member of 'the dnterna-  tionnl union $1 for ibeneflt of 'Montreal  cigarmakers who halve been out on  strike for nineteen weeks the secretaiy was instructed to 'cast the ballot endorsing same unanimously. A  communication from the Shirt, Waist  Markers' and Laundlry Workers' International union, of Troy, N. Y., referred  to T. & L. Council. C. Nelson was  selected as a delegate to the T. & L.  council.  IA large'strike has been won at Tampa, Florida, agailnst the Spanish union.  There are 1,740 oigarmakeis out'on  strike ln the United 'States, and Canada'.       -��� ,  Boycott all ohealp eastern e'gais that  don't bear the iblue label.  i , 'A   VITAL   ISSUE.  A,recent despatch from Swansei,  Wailes, states thait a corn'motlon 'was  ca-Used( ait'the Trades Union Congress  there iby, the action of some employers' ln.endeajvoiung to recover damages  under the 'House of Lords' decision of  *       . . .  July 22nd last from labor organisations for" picketing by their memlbers.  A delegate from Blaok'buni was sarved  wlitlh a writ last week lestra'inlng him  'and the members of, the Blackburn  branch of tlhe Weavers', Winders,' and  Warpers' assoc'latlon from pjdketlng  Banister and Moore's works, wheie a  Ktili'ke_ls_nowjIn__progre34,__Danii_ge3  ���and costs were claimed. Besides this  suit 'tlho Taff'Valle Railroad is suinj  the 'Amalgamated Society of iK'n'ilway  'Servants'for, ��10,000 'da.ma.ges, Incurred as a result of the e'trJke ot 1900.  These suits will be strenuously defended, tout their seriousness puts ,ln the  slirjde almost every other topic of discussion. President Bo\vermnn devoted  tlhe principal part of hip address to  this topic, declaring that union funds  were tihieateried ���with' demolisliinent,  nnd that tlhe posltllon was-Intolerable.  He said 'the parHalnentary committee  faivorod an 'altertitlon of the conatil-  tullon of the unlions, 'with the objo 't  of minimizing their lln'biMty to .lcilon.  Tln>' Ohionlcle supports this view,  niiain'taln.liig that no ' tirsocl it'lon or  wonklngmen ci hstand long ngulnst  suoh litigation, and 'that If the decision  regarding picketing 'Is .final, then nny  unscrupulous ca'pltnlist will have his  employees at his mercy, and "the  working classes will sink back again  Into an unorganized und Impotent  crowd."  Mr. Henry Demarest Lloyd has done  the world of thinkers and the laboring  classes of all countries an important  service iby his latest contributions to  Oteratiuie. His- "Newust England '  will gladden and cncouiage reforme's  the world over, and we aie Indebted  to lilm ln many ways, not only for  this, but tor all his books. Mr. B. 0.  Floweis, ln the Arena, siys: "Mr.  Lloyd is a scholar possessing a charming style, anil, though brave and outspoken in ���* his n-lews, Is always'ex-  tremely conservative In his statement  of facts. He Is a man of independent  means, who, unlike the ninety and nine  rich men of our time, Is unwilling to  use his wealth for selfish ends.. He is  a social democrat .who believes so firmly in his economic and, political creed  that he is ready and willing to dedicate his life and means to the furtherance of the cause of all." In other  words, he is what might be called  A Sane Enthusiast,  and1 his scholarly attainments,  style,  and correct statement of facts, malke  all  his  contributions of  the  deepest  value to those interested in economic  studies.   His -first great toodk, "Wealth  Against  Commonwealth,"   is  an  alble  statement of tho menace of corporate  greed  to a  country,   fils' next lalbor  copartnership Is a masterly collection  of facts bearing on this phase, of the  industrial   world.   His .lost,' *'Neweit  England," is perhaps the best and the  most interesting, and should be read  by all (interested in the problems which  are agitating the industrial wonld, and  which are loudly demanding solution  In our parliament^ aud legislatures today.   Mr. Lloyd goes to New Zealand  to-see for himseir.   He taases nothing  on  heaisay or report.   "I  went,"  he  says, "to see what had been done for  a higher social life, by the methods'of  politics, In the country in which those  methods   have   been   given  the  best  trial.   That country  Is' New   Zealand  will be admitted by all, by those wiho.  aprove   and   those    who    disapprove.  New Zealand democracy Is the tall_ of  the world to-day.   It has made Itself  the policenia.il and partner of industry  to an extent unknown elsewhere.   It  Is the experiment station of advanced  legislation,       co-operat'Ion���with     its  stores,  factories,    banks,    and    now,  farms, where the consumers and producers,  the capitalists and the Umbor-  ers aie the same people���Is  the 'Farthest North' in the sphere of self help.  New Zealand democracy is  the  'Farthest South'  in the sphere of politics,  which  must be still  called  self help,  for in a democracy, In self government  state help is self help."   Befoie touch-'  'Ing on the 'legislation whioh has m;de  New Zealand the  cernedt One of Lytton's famous navels has the startling question, Wh-it  will he do with lt? To the individual,  as he comes in contact with the opportunities and prlvllges of life, the  question Is pertinent, and we know  that just as he uses or abuses these  so wlM'he rise or slnlt in the scale of  life. To a people then given such a  beautiful country, such a health-giving and health-Inspiring climate, and  such wonderful resources, the question  What will they do with them Is a vital  one so far as their mateilal prosperity Is concerned. New Zealand is the  only country as a countiy that has  risen to the realization of the full significance of that question, and, to a  just apprehension of what is involve!,  we owe, no doubt, the legislation which  makes that country /both the wonder  and the admiiation of all reformers in  overy land to-day. We are not to forget that New Zealand did not always  haive the enviable position. She has a  past as black as any country could  wish to have.   Then she  Talk of the Woild,  let us look for a moment at tho country itself. Noith and south lit extends  albout fifteen hundred miles. It is  about the size of Italy. It lies midway  between the extreme of" the tropics  and the pole. It is cooled by mountain  and sea. Tlie climate we aire told is a  wine without a headache, and like Japan It Is the best, though not the  most perfect to be found anywhere.  The scenery is a synopsis of the best  of Norway, Switzerland, Italy, England,    with    occasional    patches     ot  Mr. C. H. Gibbons, formerly editor  of 'the Province, and more' recently representative of British, Columbia at  tihe Pan-American exhibition, returned  to tihe coast" a few days ago and has  accepted the position of managing editor of the Vancouver World. Charley  likes 'the coast better than the east.    | the most beneficial nature to all con-  Gehenna In tlho pun-lice colmEry  around the hot lakes. Geologists say  it Is the oldest land, but the newest to  be settled. It was a garden spot without anything In it; but animals und  vegetables, once brought in and put in  the soil, soon made themselves at  home. So much for the climate. Now  think of the resources of the country.'  .Mr. Lloyd tells us that a troe falls In  t'he forest and In the roots Is found a  gold mine; a citizen digs a post hole  nnd cuts Into a voln of ^onl .forty feet  thick. The most precious metal of all,  lion, Is found In abundant_deposlts,  ono of tliem In the Taranoikl sands of  Inexhaustible quantity, and so pure  and rich that it bus so far dolled reduction. There Is flax, and there can  be cotton whenever the iwople choose  to grow It. Electric power beyond calculation Is going to waste In n thousand and one waterfalls nnd mplds."  All of which goes to show not only  that the people of New Zealand have  got a climate of  The IMost Charming Natuie,  but have got resources 'Which, it properly utilized and controlled, will be of  Took the Old Road  that so many peoples have taken. In  her blundering days she felt the presence, power and dominance of the  capitalist. Her resources were gobbled  up one by one and the people woke up  to see themselves growing poorer and  poorer, while the .moneyed olass were  growing richer and rlohea-, and at the  same time more audacious and arrogant. A icrasli came, and poor New  Zealand! found' herself hopelessly _in  debt, trade paralyzed and everything  seemingly going to .ruin. Then dt was  that new statesmen came to the front  with new ideas, and they fought  against the moneyed class until the  people gave them their mandate to  legislate only for the people. To-day  we aie enabled to see <what these far.  seeing and courageous men have done.  First, New Zealand has tackled and  tackled successfully the war which is  ever tailing place between capital and  labor by means of ,  Compulsory Arbitration.  i  I haive no 'time in this paper to deal  with tlie pros and cons of this important legislation, but any country is wise  that malkes strikes impossible. A social or industrial war 1s as great a  menace to the well-lbeing of a nation  as Is a clivdl war. New Zealand realizes tliis, and has gone as far as  human Ingenuity can suggest in order to promote peace and happiness.  In New Zealand 'there Is no government by injunction, no militia to respond to the call of capitalists, and  no trusts and monopolies, 'while on  the other hand the political power of  the people Is above the dictation and  magidal (Influences 'of the capitalljtic  class. Hence the laborer iknows that  when he piibinlts to compulsory arbitration he is going to 'be fairly dealt  with. I am a strong believer in compulsory arbitration, but before I can  inspire confidence we must, like New  Zealand, abolish trusts and monopolies, we .must place the militia beyond the power of the rich, andi we  must have a strong political party  thoroughly in earnest to make the interests of the people supreme in all  matters.  Government Insurance.  In Canada we know nothing about  Insuiance, except thiough fraternal societies or private companies. In New  Zealand the company, as Mr. Lloyd  tolls us, that Insuies the largest number of people Is Hie people itself.   The  when the, people are 'benefited. ..Dr.  Smiles did. a good wonk when he  taught the Individual not on'iy the  duty, ^t the benefits of self help.  Tlio more a man Is sensible of this  part of his tialning, and the better  that he Is equipped by possessing those  virtues which pre requisite to the  building up of a true character, he 'becomes all the more viluable a member  of the social community. The trouble  -ttlth the teaching -was that man was  expected to do everything for himself.  The prevailing Idea was no state Interference either between man and man  or on behalf at men. XVe have got  away fiom that Imperfect and Illogical political doctrine. While strongly  adherllng toithe Daitlh that it is a man s  duty to equip himself for the battle  of life as thoroughly as he possibly  can, we yet go further, and say 'that  It is ' ' /  .  Tlie Duty of the State  or the people through the state to do  the utmost that can be done for the  bendfit of all.   Experience has taught  us 'agann and again that tihe indi'i 1du.il  Is a helpless being, confronted, as he is,  in our present condition of things, with  all   the opportunities   of   life   in the  hands of the few, and  hence, as Mr.  Lloyd says, in a democracy, in self-  government,    state-help   as self-help.  State Insurance is one of tihe modes of  self-help.   While   we  have   not  much  to  complain  about   the  Instability  ot  our insurance companies, yet we iknow  that some 'have gone to the wall for  one reason or another, and with them  the  hopes and savings  of  thousands.  The main point, however, to be noted  is:   Insurance  toy  means    of  piivate  companies is expensive.   These aie run  for the purpose of making money for  those interested.   The dnsuiod have to  pay just so much more than he ought  to pay or would pay were the people  the company and wero  the  company  not  run for the express .purpose  of  making  large   dividends.      Were   the  Canadian government to institute state  insurance every individual would  feel  the stability of the Institution was impregnable, and every individual would,  receive a policy  at  the  lowest cost  possible.  That Is the kind of legislation I believe the people are looking  for, land I believe the time will soon  be ripe for a true statesman to step  in and guide Canada In the ways New  Zealand  has  proved' to  be safe and  benelfieial.  THE REAL SITUATION.  (To be continued.)  trustee who executes the greatest number of wills, holds the heaviest amount  of property and has the best clientage  Is the people. Anyone who wants Insurance for the benefit ot ,his wife and  family, 'whdeh will be backed up by  the good faith and lesources of all  the .people, has only to step to the  nearest of the many agencies of the  Insurance department of the government, or, easier yet, to receive a visit  from one of its numerous canvassers,  kept busy by the state In going about  among the citizens, pushing the snie  of this mutual company's policies ai  Industrious as the canvassers of the  great private companies. "Mir. Lloyd  says: "Here Is an Insurance company  whoso policies can never become  worthless, nnd in which the provision  men maike for their wives and children Is safe from panic or pestilence  without or rascality within." This  legislation seems to bo deserving of tlie  highest commendation, and thoroughly  in harmony with the spirit and teaching of ,  True Socialism.  I .know that some will object to  It  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  AS TO BUMS.  To the Editor of THE Isdei'ENdfs-t.  Sir,���The "dving of Bums" .who poses  as a socialist and may be found loafing around the streets, particularly  near the corner of Carrall and Cordova streets, should be made to shut  up his yawp and glue a very much  nauseated public a rest. It is high  time that the police enforced' the vag  act m this pnrticulni case and disputed the soveielgn claim of this mo-  loch of the f-oclail pioiolem to the un-  dHputed light to being a nuisance to  passeis-by. Now,,Mr. Edlltor, don't you  think dt -would, lie right in line with  the teachings of humanity, which this  "apostle of glorious rest" proclaims to  be his caulinal principles, to run hiiu  tn the moment he begins. Ot, if this  cam't successfully be idone, to p?rsuado  him with a "stuffed club to take a jump  In the refreshing waters of False  Cree!k.^-It-mav-'be_ true- that_he_pos-_  stbly might sink to rise no more, because he would be too blamed lazy to  make an effoit to swim, 'but to my  mind it would constitute no serious  objection.   Tours truly, N.  Vancouver, Sept. 13, 1901.  To the citizens and business men ���f  Rossland and vicinity and to the general public: The Le Roi mine manager  has been circulating a report that the  strike here is practically ait an end  and 'the mines are aoout to resume.  This report has been taken up by their  organ, the Morning ���jliiicr, and seat  over the country as a Hue report o��  the situation dn Rosisland. AVe have  maHe  A Careful Analysis  of the situation here, and believe that  no 'impartial reader can &ee much reason for the joyiul enthusiasm whioh  Mr. Bernard Macdonald ajidf his paper  profess to feel. For thiee and one-  half months the strike lias been in  .foi ce at Northport. 'I he gi eatest claim  Macdonald or lv.iu'ish have ever mado  during thait time ib th.ut they have  been .alble to opei'ate two of the five  turnaces at the sme.ter. It is only a  question of simple arithmetic to see  thait if lit takes three and one-half  months to start two furnaces, lit will  take eight and three-fourths months  before they can halve the smelter in  operation. Now, if dt takes eight an2  thi ee-fourths months to secure tlhe 5C0  'men necessary to start the smelter, it  will take ibwice that many, or seven-  teen-and-one-half months, to secure  1(00 men for the mimes at Rossland. Or,  at t'he end of twenty-six and one-half  months, if iMacdonald has the same  success he claims to have h'ad thus  far at the smelter, he mill ibe in a position to work the m'nies. No one can  deny or dispute that Bernard Macdon-  aild has left no stone unturned to seem e men for the smelter at Northport.  He has   '  Cast His Drag Net  over the states of Minnesota,  Colorado, California, Oregon, Missouri, Montana,  or,  practically,   over the  entire  country .west of the 'Mississippi river,  ���and h'as Ibeen alble to start .but  two  of _ithe_ five furnaces at Tthe^Northport  smelter.   This is the success he (boasts. '  He ololms the stAke is at an end.   It  has only ibegun.   So tar we have taken  as true lids statements that ihe has two  furnaces in operation    at  Northpont.  We wished to prove how futile are hU  statements by his own evidence.   The    ,  leal   truth  is  he has .never had  two  furnaces In successful operation at one  time for 24 houis.   They have produced no matte for sjhipment up till August 25.  He claims  to .have shipped.    .  one carload on August 21.   That it was  the h'igbeiit .In iva.ue of any shipment *  made.   The records of the lailioad at  Northport fail  to  show any   trace of  matte sh.pments on or about August   -  21.   If any ih'.'pnienit was made It was  'via the Columbia river route and tests  ait the bottom of the livei.  Alien Act Violated.  ���He also claims to ibe able to start  the irfmes nn Rossland.   Apparently he  does nont lealize ithoie is an al.en. act  iin Canada, for cf the 30 emtfoj-ees now  at the mines all but two have been  brought heie on dliecit violation ot this  ���law and will be deported Inside of two  wedks.  iHo has in eight weeks been   .  able to secuie ibut two scabs ln Oan-  adla. -Now,   If  the    Canadian    people   ���  should, to  his  surpnise,  enforce  their  Ia-ws, even if dt does hurt the feelings ,  of Bernard Macdonald, how long will  it talke to stunt the mines at the ratio  of two every elight weelks?   And as yet  there   Is   not   a   miner   lit ��� the   lot.  41  (W. J. ICClly, secretary of the Victoria Longshoremen's union, No. 227,  was-'In thejtity on Wednesday on his  way home from a 'Visit to Steveston.  While at the latter place lie organized  a union 30 strong, while all otheis doing work of thnt natuie signified their  intention of Joining. At present the  scale of wages is 40 and 50 cents an  hour. Mr. Kelly stated tlint a rumor  wan current hero that McDer.mott, of  Victoria, had arrived at an agreement  with the union thero to work the Ked  Hock. He dtdi not think such was the  case or he' wouldi have Iknown lt.  When such an arrangement was arrived at Vancouver would be Immediately notified. "The Victoria union Is  in a prosperous and healthy state,"  adldodi Bro. J\elly.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it.   Gold  beoause it Is socialistic, but why cavil ' Seal Liquor Company, 74G Tender street.  We are-not deceiving the���miners_of  Rossland by false promises. We hnve  eveiy'leason to hope that by Ootobe>-  1, 19ftl, Bernard iMacdonnld's rtame will  only remain iin Itossland as an unpleasant memory. We hope for an honorable settlement of the difficulties  here. The sooner the 'better it will suit  the union miners of ltossland. But it  It Is necessary to continue this fight  to its lfli.nl end the union ,mlneis> and  smeltermen  Will Stand Shoulder,to Shoulder  for carrying on the fight. This war  was forced on these unions. We entered the struggle full of belief In tho  Justice of our cause nnd confident of  our ability to ���carry lt successfully to  an end. This Ibellef has never been  shaken for nn Instant, and certainly  is not when we consider the almost  unbroken line of successes which have  thus far attended our efforts.���Executive Board ltossland Milrfers' .Union,  No. 3S, W. F. M.  IRossland, B. C, Sept. 7, 1001.  When you want to hire a flret-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  ^-HI'S.-      ���        ���* v<  ��� .'���'.���>   ':%f;iy SH&*' ,7- 'tv-1  W  '���Kf  rf iu_b--�� wwt-t.  THE INDEl' EN DENT.  SATURDAY" SEPT. 14,  1901.  1*3  :1  THE INDEPENDENT.  OBO. BARTIJBY Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   tfHE   INTEREST OF OROANISElJ  LABOR  BY  THH2 INDEPENDENT PRATING COMPANY.  AT   H2   HOMIER   BTRBET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  a week, E cents; month, 16 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR; COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  <UNiOUfc  SATURDAY   ...........SEPT. 34, 1901.  ���man beings on the other. tBut these  elements must 'be stamped out or our  boasted cdvlllzatlon will decay the  same as the great nations of old. But  the doctrine of'removal or murder Willi  not put an end to tyranny and anarchy. It will only intensify these dangerous forces. Our governments must  awake to their responsibilities before  dt Is too la'te, for precious lives must  r.  not -be sacrificed as they are bolng today, either for capital or labor. The  people of Canada sincerely hope that  the president will have'a. speedy recovery.  Unionism Is stronger  ever before.  to-day   than  Thomas Gilford has consented! to  Contest the .Westminster hye-electlon  against Hon. J. C. Brown.  The exploited ���wonkingman now celebrates Lalbor Day. The fat' landlord  ranld capitalist celebrates Election Day.  Lalb'or -\vill'never ibe free until Sit celebrates both days.���dtlzen and Country.  CALL A CONVENTION.  The lalbor party of this .province  Have a 'better cha-nce to -make gains  ithls yeair 'than ever before. The .workers Wave had theilr eyes opened lately,  'and now we have the ear of sympathy  of manyr..iieformers, and the good will  : of thousands who partially are in for  political mortality, if for nothing else,  arid are for the Ifirst time .ready to listen an'd read anything iin favor of pro-  SresSive ideas. -But if the forces of advanced measures 'want ,to malke any  progress they must work for It. Let  every workingman, union and nonunion alike, join with the labor party  and take off his coat and do som-;-  thirg. Let every wage dinner undertake some personal work for the cause  of reform, and this can be done in no  better way ithan passing The Independent on to his .neighbor after reading  it. Wlhen atorother proposes some now  idea d'on't dismiss it .Without a cordiial  consideration, and see if It ds possible  to carry it out; instead of .finding reasons why a move cannot be ma'de, find  "ways and means whereby it can. We  think that the Labor Party or Trades  of Labor Council of this city should  ��all a provincial convention at an early  date, and the real live work of capturing the legislature at Victoria started.  The province should Wave a, federation of laibor of Ifts own. What's the  ���matter with Vancouver calling a cbn-  iventlon for that purpose, arid -tlh'aJt,  too, mighty isoon, or the wily .politician  Will have got Iin his work?  allowed.  The Labor party iplease take  note.  The disunited reformers of 'this province Should .get together andi form a  strong party, for political morality is  ���sadly needed. At present tlhe only  single' operative clause Iin. any of the  so-called 'party platforms lis 'the one  'tput ourselves In -an'd the other fellows out," a sort of scab principle.  THE TRACKMEN'S SETTLEMENT.  AVhen the C. P. R. strike was terminated the Province told its readers that  practically the men were forced to  come lo t'he terms of the company  which were acceptable to the conciliation committee of the different railway  orders, tout not to the sectionmen. Official information just received, at this  office tells a different story, however.  The full account of the proceedings of  the hoard, the term's of settlement, the  various means used which helped in  securing the good results which caused  President Wlllson to call the strike olf  will be sent out as soon as It can be  preparekll after he returns to St. Louis.  Owing, however, to the lawsuit being  brought on by iMontgomery, possibly  he may not be ait the headquarters of  the union in that city before September  loth, but rest assured he will have it  in the hands of the sectionmen at the  earliest possible -moment. Meanitime,  briefly, the bases of settlement are: All  hands who report for duty shall be reinstated In their former positions and  dwellings within two .weeks; rules  which give substantially what the  committee asked for dn the way of Investigation in case of an injustice  ���done to any member, pay 'for time  dost In consequence where they were  proven .unjustly treated, promotion ac-  ���cording"to~senlority,-.meritr etc.���being  equal, transportation twice a month to  market, half freight rate for. the men's  supplies, transportation to any part of  the line similar to ithat .granted other  organized employees, -with an increase  of aibout iJlOO.000 per annum, In wages,  and, best of all, recognition of' the  union as on a level with the best of  the other organized employees, and ln  one very important respect ahead of  tKe other aiUcra���as our president's report will show, 'no doubt���In adjusting  the schedule at Montreal for the en-  tare system .with the .general manager.  The Joint protective board meets the  (management again ln February or  March.  AVhen his job lots the mayor shows  the Dook the zoo at the pailk: he  should explain to .lilm thait the alder-  imen are Ikopt in the other zoo. down  ait the city hall, when they're not running loose. In 'the old sod', where H.  R. H. comes from, Ithey "chain" up  tlhe mayor, which they should do here  for the dignity of the town.  It h'as Ibeen decided to bring out a  la'bor .candidate at Victoria to contest  the bye-eleotion. AVe hope all the reform forces will unite amd elect an  independent. (Mr. irawtlhorntlhwiaite,  member for iNanaimo, says he 1s very  lonely in the asseiribly, and 'this fact  alone should persuade anyone who  must -woiHc for a Ifvling to vote the  right way.  The latest addition to the fietd of  Journalism in Ji. C. is the Ladiysmlth  'Leader an'd Wellington Extension  News. It lis a four-palge seven-column  semi-weekly, and a very oredltialble  paper. IMayfbe The Independent will  not agree with it politically-rfor we  don't coincide with hardly any slingle  publication Iin B. C���-but then so long  as it is manly and fair In il-ts discussions, wWlch we believe it will be, we  welcome lit to our 'de^k. AVe <wlsh The  Leader every success.  'Last week we drew attention to the  farcical inquiry into loW Islander disaster. The department of justice at Ottawa ihas since then Calken a hand, no  doubt prompted toy the indignation of  the .common .people, and appointed E.  A*. Bodwell, K. C, to attend the sittings of the "court. Lalwyer Davis, of  the company, will not now h'aivie things  quite all his own way. The Independent was the .only paper that protested. The .government should insist upon  a thorough Investigation.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Not a Journeyman Minister.  British Columbia's Provincial Secretary, J. D. Prentice, Is to be minister  of finance.   He'll try his PrenWce hand  at finamclng, In other words.���Toronto  'Star.  ��� *  ������-  f You Bet He's Alive.  Oh, yes; Joe Martin Is dead, but  thero are signs that he may revive and  bang his enemies with "the"'fragments  of his own tomibstone.���Toronto Telegram.  ��� * *  We Don't Thlrik.  Hon. Mr. iMcBnlde, who is young and  amtoi'tl-ous, lias resigned his portfolio;  lie doubtless has dmtims of returning  to office some day, as 'the head ot a  victorious Conservative 'pai'ty.-JT-Winnl-  peg Firee Press.  ��� ������.'..  For Instance, CB. C Portfolios.  iNb doubt the present -. ���m'a'gni'ficent  harvest will make a .good many farmers rich; tout the most reinarkolble rise  to sudden affluence this year will not  talke place in 'the country districts.  There are some things tfhalt pay better  than farming.���Winnipeg S"ree Press.  ���-..������  "What's the Difference.  Ex-Mayor Alfred F. And raws, of  AVinnipeg, has offered a reward of $100  to the first roan wHo can point out,  ���any rtidioal dllffererice 'between the  Liberal and the Conservative parties.  One asptaaint , Claims -the prize for  pointing out that one party���he wasn't  dead sure which���'belongs to Mackenzie & Mann, while the other party belongs to Mann & Mackenzie. Another  contestant for the purse assenvates  that the Liberal party and the Conservative parity are two thieves between  whom the puMlc is crucified. As one  is found on tihe right hand at Parliament Hill a.nd the other on the left  no other distinguishing feature should  be necessary in order to establish a  difference.���Sandon Paystrealk.  The Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here ln great array. And lt is a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best and most stylish products of the  looms of England, Scotland, France  and Switzerland. Tb these are added  the wash goods beauty of our own  land and tlie United States.  Our long experienced taste has been  exercised in selecting the great stock  that Is here for your Inspection. The  demands of fashion have been carefully met, and our showing is well worthy  of your attention.  Quality, of course, Is the most important point, and it has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  have also been- oaireifully attended to,  and, as regard^ the matter of price,  you'll find they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, with an eye to  your satisfaction.  Visit our wash goods department  and get acquainted with the good  things we are offering.  il IB  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  <$��&4* JS&tf J&MtTV cfe4s!  < ,��������������������������� ������������������������������������<���� ���������������������  SALMAGUNDI.  THE WIDE WORLD.  The AVortd, Province and News-Advertiser are Jn favor of "representative goverriment," so says the World.  AVouldn't that jair you? The AVorld' is  now- .Liberal-Labor, and1 the Province  Is mongrel���'I. e., a sort of missing link  between ex-Premier Joey and1 Premier  Jimmy���Nicol-Dunsmulr (instead of  MJartin-Duinsmulr,_a3_!_t-^vere.__These  w1ind-bag journals think ithey are the  whole cheese. The Labor panty has  more faith ln The Independent than  ilt has dn the whole lot.  President McKlnley was not shot  because he was McKlnley, tout because  he was president. Mr. MoKlnley Is a  fine an'd noble man, tout as president  of an aristocratic republic he represents the all powerful moneyed Interests of .the nation, while Czalgosz, Oils  assailant, represents a diangerous pauper class .growing In numtoelri., for they  Ibelleve In no law or restraint excepting 'the laws of nature. .Here is a deplorable .picture of our modern enlightenment���laTrogant dapftal on the one  hand, aiid depraved and nvirtinged hu-  The question of admitting soalallst  delegates to Itihe Dominion Trades Con-  gross, which meets next week, at  Brtoitford, has been a burning one for  years. We hope thait iflhe congress  will see Its way clear at ithls session  to admit representatives from the  bodies 'In question, at least those who  are not opposed to trades unions. Tho  capitalists are driving people by the  thousands to believe ln socialism,  wihlch must be a iqucdtlon of practical  poTI'Ucs sooner or later, amd now Is  the time for organized 'labor to prepare for It. ,  How long iwlll tlhe people stand humbugging? The latest slap this province lraa irecelved from Ottawa Is Ithe  disallowance of the ibills regarding Immigration Into Canada arid the employment of Chinese and Japanese on  public rworks. The excuse given this  time is thait lit lis done at the Instance  of Ithe home government. fUhe plain  duty of our legislators Is fo immediately re-enact these lams and keep  on re-enaictin'g as fast as th'ey are dls-  Mexico 'boasts 711 newspapers !n  various languages. The United Kingdom has 2.48S.  lAivother automatic printing press  feeder that <_an shove 5,005 sheets an  hour is a new machine announced.  ���New Yonk dailies state that half  a dozen street cleaning machines are  now on the market, and that the  "white wings"  are doomed.  It wild probably surprise many to  know that there is a newspaper published dn the Esquimau language In  Danish West Greenland. The paper  is probably published at a point further north than any of Its contemporaries. The editor is Lars Moeller, an  Esquimau, and his co-workers and  typesetters are also natives.  The lltorajian ot the U. 'S. oongress  Is supervising the compilation of an exhaustive history ot journalism In  America. The work will compriseinore  than 2,000 pages, and will -contain Information albout all the newspapers  and periodicals published In that country since 1701. Extinct publications  will also be Included.  Now egg candling machinery Is the  latest innovation to be introduced.  Swift & Co., the big pacta's, have put  In a device invented In England' that  has a capacity of 2G,000 eggs an hour,  number of hands ens does five times  exclusively been done by hand, which  Is necessarily very slow. The new  maahine does away with one-half She  numtoerof hands and does Iflve times  as much work. The machine In Itself  Is very simple and non-expensive.  __'A-Rome_despatch_says_fha.t_the_Duk<L  of Aibruzzl, the -well-known 'Arctic explorer, has learned with deep regret that the expedition which went  out In the steamer Oaipeila to the Polar regions to searoh for his lost companions 'has been unsuccessful. The  Duke fears now that'all hope of find-'  ing them must toe abandoned. The  crew of the Capella erected at Cape  Flora a 'irionuinent of thte undent Viking type Inscribed with the names  of the lost men of the Duke's vessel,  the Stella Polare. The names are Que-  nln, Stokiken, OlHer and  Nol.  About C0O0 Smiths, both sexes and nil  ages, crowded Into the grove back of  the farm of the late Peter Zachariah  Smith, of Peapaok, N, J., recently attendant upon the annual re-unlon of  that illustrious family. So many  Smiths have r.ever been gathered together In one place before, an'd it was  a proud moment for the patriarchs of  the family, when, from the stand that  had been ereoted dn the centre of the  grove, they looked do\vn on-the sea of  heads and faces and realized uh'at moat  of them were Smiths, sprung from the  saime Smith. They aire mighty proud of  their ancestry, these Peapadk Smiths,  and ,every 'Smith of note for the past  two hundred years is claimed toy itihom.  A Otiilllwlaok cow swallowed a hornet  and is now sufferin'g iCrom hives.  The whipping p'ost has Ibeen revived  in New Jensey. The people there fhtruk  i't .can't 'be belat.  A Philadelphia <5lergymlan says he  knows of horses tWat halve been placed on tihe list of registered vdteirs.  They must ibe poll horses.  ���Neighbor���AVihy do you jog ttllfe tolaiby  so hard when she's crying? Proud  mother���Sure, It m'alkes her cry with  sudli a ibeaultiiful tremmylo.  "So you're an actor, eh? Then .why  aren't you working?" "Well, yer see.  I'm jest mialiiin' a study of rural life  fer me now drama."���(New Yonk "Journal."  "Young Sm'lgglins was so troubled  aWouit Ms debts that ho joined a don't  worry club."   "Yes?"c "And he found  u  its membership nra'de up dlilefly of the  men he owed."���Life.  Hoax���Funny! Did you ever notice  it? Joax���'Notice what? Hoax���AVihy,  in the beginning of the world a. rib  became a woman, andi now it's ribbons  tihat become  a womlan.���Ex.  To be faithful  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  To issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  To make all death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have em-  c       ployment with us.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for. particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  o  <���  <���  <>  <���  <>  o  <>  <>  <���  o  <>  <'������������������������������������<����������������������� �����������������������  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General -=**.  Consulting Mcelianieal Engineers  620 Cordova St. W., Vanccoveb, B. C. Tel. it  Patentees and dcnienurB of the Rardlc-  Thompsoii water tube boiler, new hiKh  speed reversing engines, and special  machinery in light Mictions for mines.  Peopelikrs Dxsignkii.  Engines Indicated add  Adjusted.  Solo auiHiti. In B. t;. mid S. W. Ti'rrimrl'" "r  llie I'iiikmI noMlile Mi-inllli 'lil.nc m, 1 nl  l.nii'l'.ii, Kmr.  An examilrtatilon tor 'pupil teaicbere  ���vaa recently held1 in Natal, wnd among  the questions set was, "W.h'alt is meant  hy a ''pointer's j&bVi&V Ono young*  lady .raplied tlha't 'It meanlt the censor!  ''Hlas the colonel Ibeen digging Into  maitherriaitlles? I .never saw such an  oppression of worry." "No Ihe has just  .discovered itlh'ait 'there Is only one 'hip  pooket in Wis new 'trousers, and 'he is  raiclGlrag his ibraln to tledide between  carrying a'gun and 'a flask."  "I tell you sir," said 'She clergyman,  "Ihe trouble lies in Uh'e fact that we  have itoo many lawyers." "There Is  \Mhere you aire .away off," replied tihe  judlge. "The rdal trouble is due to  the fa<jt that tihere aren't ball enough  cllenlts."  Tolepl.oile  651.  Western Cartage Co  \V. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays and Exprisss  Wagons  for  all   Purposes.  ORBEBS TAKEN FOR WOOD ANE* COAL  Offiw: 311 Cam tne Stroet  A. ML TYSON,  wholesale and retail dealer in  Fish, Game, Fruit, and   ���  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  Pare   ice Cream  er  MONTREAL BAKERY  WKSTMI.N'BTER AVENUE.  Of course ithe flair damsel fully expected ithe orthodlox answer when sihe  smiled sweetly la't the young mlan in  the Kammooto ana a&ked: "Wlhait is  heaven's 'best .gUift ito mlan?" But she  ha'd calculated without itihe aid of a  ���pooKe't calculator, ifor the practical  younginain-.reptled���wl'thou.t-he.irtation,-  "A horse."  ���One of the most difficult tasks of t'he  author Is foring'tnig Ms 'publisher to  tertns. The less iknown ito fame the  more seriious the oimdertialklng.' A man  like Kipling may dWtate itertns while  ipuljllshers Ibend the iknee ibdfore him.  One of ithe cleverest ruses wtas that  of iDr. John 'WloQco't, better known as  "Peter Pln'da.r," ���wllio succeeded Un getting J500 a year ifor life Iby ol fit of  doufcihlng. Tlhe ipulWMWer ipnopoisea nn  annuity of tl ,090, while Woddot demanded $1,500. .Failing to agree, a day  ivias appointed for an Intervllew, and  the "publisher, on arrlvlnlg alt the doctor's Todm, found the old gentleman  In ibed, 'wltti ia mtost sepuldhrtal cough.  When lie .refused to give more ��h(an  $1,000, the doctor Iboke out Hn'tio a violent ftt of 'cougih'lnsr. Whlldh produced  nn offer of ��1,1250. "Mils iwas refused,  nnd the cough' came on nvorste than  cvor. Art last (the pulbllshcr, thinking  tihat no irtam wJUh su'dh a <_ough oould  live long, raised Ms offer 'to J1,6(W.  The dodtor, baiVirig secured''tlhe extra.  $500 for life, liaipldly reeoviered, and  ll-v��o_ more tthoin twen'ty-Jflve yeaira.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other inseota���for sale Iby the McDowell, Atkins, Wtutson. Company, The  Drusrgtots, Vancouver.  Alexandria Lager  Is a pure, wholesome beverage,  and contains no harmful ingredients. It ia highly recommended as a tonic for weak and  -'���-debilitutedpeople;��� = ���  Doering & Marstrand  TELEPHONE 429.  . . MAKK3 A hrltCIALTY OP . .  o    oewar's special Liqueur, also ��� ���  o    usher's BiacK lotiei Liqueur Whisky  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMrORTED AND DOMESTIC  .Cigars.  It. B. Mulligan '& Co., Props.  Cobneb Coiidova and Cabrall. .  Arlington  Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Hoadquarters (or tho engineering trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���^>  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from SO cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  The"  W IW KOO!  From Tbelr Nanalmo, bouthdeM aud  Protection Island OolllerleH,  Steam, Csas and  House Coal  Of tbe Following Grades:  Double Screened _L*ump,  .   Run. of tbe Mine,  Weaned Nut and  8oreealng��.  SAMUEL ��1. EOBIN8, Superintendent.  EVANB, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouvor City, B. C.  ���  MMfflStlfiffiSE  Having tho Only Op-to-Dalo Grill Room  In B.C. which In Itself Is a guarantee  of a First-Clara Hotel aud Restaurant.  Seymour Streeet;  ��AVOY  THEATKE  P. Simpson General Manager.  J Townhend Stago Manager.  Week Commencing  Monday, Sept. 16.  A Show for the People.  "Quantity end Quality Combined."  Hassey-flarris and Steams  All. STYLES BICYCLE!} AU. PIKES  KENDALL'S. 328 Cordova St  . The .est placo ln B. C. to have your  Blcyclo repaired,  A  ��� it  <_i  <a ?mz:  "Saturday v. -....- ishbt. ������u; 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  THE IW DESPOTISM AND  THE NEW DEMOCRACY.  A -very  large  congregation  assembled  ,011 Suinliiy evening, at tlie Theatre ltoyal  :   to hear the sermon by the pastor of tlie  " .Central   Coiigregutionnl   church.      The  discoiuse,   which   occupied  45  minutes,  was followed with deep interest and uu-  . divided attention to tliu close.   Itvv. Mr.  Vrooiiinn chose for his text Ecelcs. 4, 0-  10:  "Two mu better than one, because  tliey have a good reward for tlieir labor.  Kor if tliey fall tlie one will lift up his  v fellow,  but  woe  to him  that la   nlone  when he falleth mid hath not another tu  ��� ���'.'lift liini ui'-"  The following in n condensed repoit of  .the sermon. He said: The world has  been tlii'Med with' horror because an-  ,other president lias fallen before the assassin. Such, a crime is more thnn ordinal}* murder. It is an attack upon the  . State. MuKinlcy was not shot because  he was ..McKlnley --but because he was  piesident. The head of a great nation  has been tieaelioiously struck down. No  words aie too stiong to denounce such  lieiidish wickedm**,. l<*rieiu_ and foe of  tlie piesident grasp hands, 'by his bed-  Mile and are united by u great public  ���ciiliiinity. The sympathy of the world  govs out to the 'beienved family and the  stricken Itenublic in 'this hour o�� sore  jilliiction. AVe piny .that a fatal result  may be averted.  AN"AIICIIY AND DESPOTISM.  Crazed by a sense of wrong, real nnd  iinaginaiy, misled by political sophisms,  n  class of  mad  fanatics1 spread  theni-  : -/selves over the  world  with  bomb  and  torch, with dagger and pistol, to destroy  govern men t and lespeet.for law. Society  must protect itself from these as fiom  lunatics .mil wild beasts.    Anarchism is  social   insanity.    It is ithe inllaniinablo'  iriibbisli at tlie base of the social structure, lis idle luxury  is the dead  wood  .at tlie summit.   They are equally symptoms of u diseased social condition and  ..equally obstacles to social progress. Extremes meet.   Tlie madness of anarchy  ..is allied to the fieiidisliiicss'of Nero'committing  Home   tu the    ilnnie-., and uf  Charles IX. ordering tlie massacre of St.  Bnrtlioleinew's dny.    Anavc'lij* and  despotism breed madness and murder. Each  is.a cause of the other.   Iu tlieir fierce  contest, however, despotism ever strikes  ivitli the mailed linnd of puwer,  while  iinaicliisiii answer* with the serpent hiss  of defiance, or with the blow of trencli-  ..ery.  l)t'xpnti-m cm-die-. inilividii.il liberty  bciK'.uh oiganized poner and nnai<hi--iii  wuiild demolish oiK.inized poner with in-  .dividual liberty. The one conci'imntes  >i'rei eign power '.ind the otlier dissolves  it. UespntiMii exalts one as liw-ni.ikei'  I'm* all and .iiiarclmni makes each man  ji Taw unto himself. IJespoti-ni doinin-  .ntes society with nn iinny and an,'ircliism>  would leduce society to the fieedoui of  tlie jungle. One sacrifice-, individuals to  nn oiganizcd state with ceiur.ili'/.ul puwer, the otlier sacritice.s the state io iu-  .dividu.tls without goveimneiit. Ot the  two evils let us choo'-e neither.  The Extension of Dcmociaey.  The evils and wrongs of modern society nre not due to too much government, but tu too little. We .may liave  ^too much rotten politics, too much partisan blindness, too much law-making for  .corporations and privileged classes; but  we have too little genuine statesmanlike  government. The'fault is not altogether  with piesident premier or parlninient.  The fault lies with the licople. They  get as good as they'deserve. The remedy for social and political evils is not  in anarchy, nur in apathy, not in wild  .denunciations of the rich and the powerful, nor in fi ensued nariatives of the condition of the submerged tenth. Tho remedy is in n wider application of tlie  .piinciples of demociacy, in extending  rather than in narrowing the sphere of  /joyornuicnt. ��� .   '      "  This lemedyi-eiiuires nn educatiou of  the people in the principles of democratic,  .government. Air ignorant democracy is an  jiggiegation of greese. The perils ot democracy arise from the ignorance und wickedness of the people. A corrupt gcrreru-  '.'incut is ��i reflection of a corrupt people,  ^A_.wiser_citi_:ensliiii,_w'ho_.coiiipreliend_iit_  Jeast the elemental principles of social  ethics and of economics, is 'the great  .need of the present time. A self-governing democracy is tlie only middle course  between anarchy and despotism ami for  its success an enlightened ami high-  minded citizenship is required. To make  better citizens, to educate the people iu  all those socia'l and political: principles,  which practised iiw government would  tend to unify and harmonize the'nation,  to take the reins of, .'government; from  tlie hands of cori'uptionistH mid professional politicians and to organize the  :Jttate ns a self-governing body in which  each part is'the ciue of all nnd the welfare of. all is the care of each, to do  these things is-to lead the people along  safe paths of progiess.  DUTY OF TI-US.CHUItCU.  In this task the Christian church has  n duty; to thu State. Hers should be u  prophetic olllce. Her vast facilities for  reaching the people ought -to be consecrated to the service of Immunity in  raising up a wiser citizenship. Tho social problems- of the time ufTord noblwr  topics tliim ever met Isaiah aud Jeremiah when they spake the word of the  Lord concerning public uffnirs in Jerusalem. Yet there are a hundred trained  experts in Hebrew exegesis in the church  ���to one who is trained .ind. equipped to  interpret the will oi God as revealed in  economic law. ' Tlie duty of a man to  society, as an organization, is.'equally  important to-day to the duty he owes to  a neighbor. "With the; increasing complexity of social organization in the evolution of modern life, it becomes increasingly important to know- the ethical, or spiritual, or economic lows Which  express the will of find. Tlie church  might evade, all responsibility for scientific research ns distinctly secular, hut  she cannot evade nil responsibility for  research and knowledge regarding sociological principles.. Her'work is with lin-  niaii society and her gospel must he made  to enter into the constructive work of  society, uml she must he ���prepared to  declare sound' principles for- social progress. Christianity hns vital lelntion*  ships with the socinl and <pnlttk.nl life  ivf the world- and the church must learn  the meaning, of social salvation as well  ns     of      personal    : evolution.  THE BENEFITS OP TTNION.  Tli" text is a sinVplo statement of the  benefit rif .'.co-otx-nitinn nnd, union. In  social life twice one is fonv. Iii' union  <tr��'rictli multinlies, while iiv division is  destruction. Tlie interests of men nre  mutual and the 'injury of one is the concern of nil. This is- the fuiiilaiiieiitnl  piiiioin!o of democracy. Desftiotfcm  would sacrifice* the interests of ninny for  the profit, of a few; nnnrchy would dissolve nil law nnd government andninke  every inim linttle for his own inteiests  iii n free; fight; democracy would organize tli�� people. into a, self-governing  state, with all it* pin'ts nrtju.stcrt for  tnnt'iiil service and co-ouerntion���n gov-  "riiiii"iit of the people, by the jioople nnd  for the people.  BVOMJTIOX Oh* THE 'JIODEHN  STATE.  Tlie history ot a nation' is, like the well-  known  example  of  Israel,  preceded  by  lh" existence    of    ��mn1l,    self-governing  tribes and clans.   Before they 'governed  themselves /sis nations  the   freemen.of  each   little   community   governed   themselves   with   the   freedom   of   a   village  meeting.   Even in war each frecmnn had  a vote in the distribution of booty.    A  fierce democratic spirit governed the people in tho^e rough- .primitive times. Tlie  Hebrew tribes preceded the   monarchy,  the_ "fireek genles    preci'ded    the    petty  kingdoms, tlie T.at'm curies preceded tlie  Empire.     The   Oerninn.   Frnnkis.li   nnd  Saxon triben were the raw mnterinl out  of   which   monarchies   developed.     The  ������nrly kings were elected  nnd were only  first among en.ii.iK   In war and in pence  they commanded; 'but they were the creation  or  their -ubii-cK    Pr-lilicil  evolution,    however,    rnnidly    Ipudcd    everywhere tn the cent uli/.'it inn    or    power.  Ci'idiiullr, tlnough the long w.iifnre of  small  iihlepondeut communities., lines of  division   were 'broken    down     and    the  vaker weie  merged   into  the  stronger.  The petty chier of a tribe eulniireil: his  boundaries, subdued his enemies and'became  i   king.    The  smnll  l.iiu_dnm��  r<>-  pLiited  the history of the tribes.     Political competition ended nt t'he surrender  of the weak to the strong nnd the c'on-  cciitrntioii ot power in the mo--t power-  ful    throne.      Indenciidont    chiefs    anil  kings become  piiuies anil nobles of  an  imperial   suzerain   ami   n   hierarchy   of  ui'istoerac.v'giwenis a subject iieojile.  A  political trust upon an iinpeiial scale, in  which political power and authority are  centralized,   while   the  people >h:ne   in  government   only   by   paying   taxes,   for  tlieir lords and masters to squander, is  organized.   This is the age of despotism.  From  this  condition   comes  a   period  of popular discontent and agitation. The  privileged   classes,   securely   entrenched  are defended by law, custom and organized force.    They defend their intere-t.s  against a rising demoeracyr -They command tho support of .the best-trained intellects in statesmanship nnd war. But  he people rebel against the loss of thcir  ancient   liberties-.    Political   strikes,   oi  riots, are frequent; small uprisings are  cinshed';   petitions    nre    presented   and  threats indulged in; Cromwells arise to  lim I despotism to the giound.   Step by  step the people advance to capture cities,  counties  aiid  courts,  until   at  last  the  king and lords, in whom power once cen-  tralbized, are retained like the honorary  members of an institution, for past services rendered, but their former power  has  departed.    The  political  <trust  of  govci'iMiient has'passed from the hands  of private"SioiiopolSts"_to"~public~bwer-  ship and the former noble malingers nre  suporiuiuatcd with princely salaries,  while the people"ninnnge their own affairs and govern themselves. Despotism appears in history ns a necessary  period of transition from the petty self-  governing tribes of primitive times io  ihe imperial democracies of tho modern  world. Power was first centralized and  then .passed over.to the.people.  Nor is the development of political democracy'yet completed. At present wc  have only government by the majority,  with the minority-and the women practically disinfriiiichisod. : Until Propor-  tionnl Rorprcscntution shall, enable minorities to be adequately represented and  adult suffrage, shnll give complete citizenship to women, und direct legislation  shall prevent partisan mlsrapreBoiitiitioii,  we bcholld uot the complete triumph of  democracy.  EVOLUTION  OF MODERN  INDUSTRY.  In all I have said you will ohsenvc n  very striking nnalogy to the evolution  of modern industry. The history of industry is the history of politics written  in new terms. First, there is a period  of primitive freedom and andependence.  Industry; is conducted by individual enterprise or in very small groups. An  .employer has  but few assistants.    lie  works with his apprentices, first among  equals.   During years of competition for  the market the strong subdue the weak.  The invention of machinery and the minute subdivision of labor during the past  century has made possible; immense organizations, with power centralized. Tlie  lack of machinery and swift transportation  delayed  the  evolution  of industry  until the  Kith century.    This war. pin-  vidontiiil.    Hud the vnst coiiecntiMtions  of wealth  iind  centralization of  industry,   which   are   iwssible   to-deiy,   taken  place a century ago, nothing could have  saved ..the   people   from   being   crushed  beneath the heel of military despotism.  As soon as political ilciiiocrary Was assured  the ninrvellou.s ��� march of moilem  ndiistry    commenced.    With     unitizing  swiftness��� new condition-.', developed.   As  l>blitiuil'> development  was  toward   the  (���entralizntioii  of power,  the  amalgamation of small tribes into givat kingdoms,  so is it in the ri'alin of industry.   The  petty employer, unable to"maintain  his  independence,  must become the subject  of a feudal prince of n corporation, nnd  tho  princes    th��t    govern  corporations  must hold tlieir crowns us chiefs of an  imperial  suzerain,  or .head  of  ii  tiust.  Industrial   and   liniincinl   power steadily  concentrates, just as political power con  coittvritcd,'  only  great  bankers   nre   tiie  barons!   niul great'millionaires  are  the  princes, .nml.'great linnnciens tiie kings of  the   modern   industrial   world.    Aristocracy hns a successor in plutocracy.  A '.BILLION DOr.I.AU TRUST.  ��� Already' we have   one   billion   dollar  trust   and'; .presently we    shall   have  another.    One tinancinl  empire  will  be  matched  by  another.    The  kingdom  of  Morgan  lies  adjacent  to  the  kingdom  of -'Rothschild1   und   nil   the   little   corporations are already clamoring to join  in   the.  election   of   a   king   like   unto  these    How    great   is . the   power   of  such  a  trust!   "������.'NVithonb straining  its  credit it;.conld. purchase n11 flic gold  in  America ami Great Britain or pay all the  ixpetisos or the South Afiienn war, or  purchase half a dozen systems like the  0. P.  It., or pay off half the national  debt of the United States: an army of  200,000 mem is employed by this trust,  and  tho  interests  of millions of people  are   affected, by   its   innniigenieiit.    Tlie  incomes of the heads of such an, iiidns  trial .kingdom''arc  imperial.    The  Ger  man' Emperor's   otllcial  income   is  less  than $11,000 '.i  day,   but  u  number  of  trus-t liiagnutcs make a living woith from  $15,000 to $40,000 ii day,  iind one has  an  income   veriously  estimated nt  ?70,-  000 to $200,000 a day.   The contrast between  sovereign   und  subject under  the  old  regime was not more  striking than  that   between   employer    and    employee  uiiiKu' the new.  Tliis (.onci'iitnition of wealth and  lower piuceeds with great rai idity. By  model n methods of pioilmtion the  woild'-. wealth is increasing by leaps nnd  hounds. In the United States during 100  j ears wealth has been multiplied b> fa"),  while iiopnlaion has increased only si\  fold. This i uiiu.\:iinplcdi accmnulation  lias not been accompanied by n corresponding diflu-ioii of its beneiiK TJieio  has been a .steady cuncuntr.ition until  one family in 100 is able to buy out the  other,Ull and li.T-c something lett over.  One per cent nf the people own .*i-l per  cent of llie wealth. 'Phis vast incie.ise  and steady congestion of wealth, with  a contemporaneous diffusion ot intelligence and extension of democracy produces a social situation unparnlellc-d in  history.  AN HISTORICAL ANALOGIC.  The political trust ushered in a despotism which was the bridge to political  democracy. Tlie organization of political power was taken i.o.s-iession of by  the people. Do we not face a similar  situation here V I believe that AlmighU  God is governing this world by law, and  if we study carefully we shall learn His  will iu t'he events or history. Is not the  period of .the trust but a method by  which social mgnnization is perfected foi  the wider extension of democracy V Is  not the problem now to convert the industrial trust into �� democratic institution '!  The demand of the old democracy was  self-government, that of the new is self-  employment. The opponents of the old  political democracy were tlie beneficiaries or special 'jxilitical privileges, and  the opponents of the new industrial democracy are the imigiiuites of special fi-  nniicial���and���industrial- privileges.���The  advocates of tlie old democracy were the  disenfranchised, and the advocates of  the new are the disinherited. Tlie pro-  grass of the old' wns iniirked witli political rebellious nnd the gradual extension  of tiie principle of co-operation iii '-gov-  ei'imiunt, nnd the progress of tlie new  democracy, is'-marked with industrial rebellions, or strikes, nnd the gradual extension of the principle of co-operation  in employment and industry. But tlie  evolution of ".political democracy wjib  steadily toward the control of all .-tlie  functions of government by the people,  witli equal rights for all nnd special  privileges for none lieftuv:the law. Th*  development nf industrial democracy is  analogous and will not ceiise until the  present nbnormnl conditions puss away  and the .function), of industry shnll become a national trust. Then flic political priucipls of equal nwo.rtunity nnd  justice shnll'be'established in the realm  of commerce.  GREAT QUESTIONS.  Why should .not'.industry engage the  patriotic service of the best intellects to  organize and load the armies of peace?  Why should not a pcaco army of 100,000  men be led by a captain of industry as  gloriously as the same men in war by  a man with; a'sword? Why should we  imagine   that   the   present   method   of I  legalizing.the private operations of speculators and corporations is the only way  of doing business?   Are we not still iu  tho  Feudal  age of commerce?      Why  should not industry be n public service,  to which nil nre liable and from which  none are. exempt, in which ability  and  character  shall   secure  promotion,   and  each  man receive  his worth?        Why  should, nut every man who can Work be  given a placo and opportunity to.work?  Can "wc produce too much of comforts  and good things of life?   Why should  idle  soldiers   be   paid   and   unemployed  workmen starve while seeking an opportunity  to earn  bread \nnd  make  themselves useful citizens?   Why should the  aged and maimed' of the army of war be  pensioned while the soldiers of industry  labor In  daily  dread  of indigence   and  .want'in tlieir old age'or thiough misfortune?  'Why' should a Rockefeller or a  Carnegie,  receive  from  the nation  one  hundred and fifty millions as the reward  of commercial ability while a  Roberts,  or a Wellington, or a Grant Tetire with  less than one.per .'cent.'"of such!fortune  after equal or greater service to the nation? . Why should the;people pay a financial magnate-ns much for one 'day's  service as they pay a great general, or  a great president,  for one year?    Are  money lords; worth more than war lords  and statesmen? . Is a grent banker worth  more thnn a great premier ?   If a political democracy'; can so equalize the people's opportunities that the highest ability is at thc'sorrice of tho State; without impoverishing the people to support  the governing class iii luxury, would not  industrial democracy do the same?   Tlie  whole   nation  pays   tribute  to  a   great  trust, why should the administration of  its affairs not be in the hands of a State  commander?''. Why: should  the  benefits  of labor-saving devices and of organization  bo not more equitably distributed  among the people? , Why should wages  be governed by laws of supply land demand and not by the productive power  of the worker? While the rate of wages  in" proportion''to,the. cost of Hying ..whs  never so high, the rate of wages iii proportion to the productive power;of labor  was never so low.   Why should this continue?'''..Arc'hot'radical changes in the  institutions and niniiiigenient;of business  necessitated  by   the  radical  changes  in  the methods lot production ? _.,' How shall  these changes be brought about?  REGARDING THE  FUTURE.  These questions appear revolutionary,  visionary and absurd io some Whose vision  is   bounded  by  local  interests,   but  they aie questions that are being asked  seiionsly  by  our  profonndest  t'hinkcis.  The practical solution of them is beset  by iminy ditllculties  aiid premature  reforms are sine to I'm!, jet the signs of  the limes aie full of hope that wn..s;uid  means for social  readjustments and ie-  organizn lions will be found.   The development and success of democratic principles of government will not be anested  permanently   by  the  despotism   of  concentrated capital.    The inteiests of the  ncr.ple '.ue uuiiu.il and the complex organization   ot   modem   life   makes  harmonious co-operation of all the elements  of   national   industiy   absolutely   necessary to  unity and p.-ogiess.    The absolutism  of militniy  power is  no gicuter  oppression than the'absolutism of money  power.   As the woild is outgiowing one,  so   will  it  outgrow  tho other.    All   for  each, and cich for all must be the motto  of social progiess.   The ideal ol Christian Brotherhood must, fulfil'itself in social haiinony and justice.   Industry must  become a brunch ot statesmanship.   The  trowel and plane must become as aristocratic as  tho sword.    Blue deny  must  become  ns honorable  as khaki.       The  glory af peace must transcend the glory  of war.   The illustrious commander of n  great  commercial    enterprise    must be  placed    beside   patriots,   geueruls   and  statesmen,'  who  have  given  their lives  to the service of the nation.   The fever  uf, greed must <be eliminated and commercial enterprise elevated to <.i higher  moral plane. 'The ciueer of an artisan,  oi* of a wealth-producer shall then  become lis socially honorable and'as glorious as the career of <a soldier.   The age  at warfare shall then pass away and the  white banner of peace shall float over  nations co-operating in all the arts and  activities of life, tho law of the jungle  forever repealed, and the laws of Christ  Sunshiue"aiid_shad-~  r  a-*tr-  Thc favorite Smoke  ���<������**��  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why ? Because it is Union Made.  e<��r-  Turreer, Beeton if* Co*  Wholea&le Affent*  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA ,  P. O. BOX 296. ' | 'PHONE 179.  , W. J. WcMILLAN ��> Co.,  WnoLESALE Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brande t  MONOGRAM, MAKGUEEITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver,]}. C.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER .TRADES AND LABOR  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, W. J. Laimriok; secretary, T. H.  Cross: financial secretary, *W. J. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician, *VV.  McKlssook; sergeant-ajt-arms, G. F. Len-  festy.Meetlnss���First and third Friday in  each month, at 7.30 p.m., in Union hall,  corner Dttnsnmuir and Homer streets.  JOUiRNBYMEN BARBERS' INTERNtA-  TIONAL UNION, No.: 120-Presldent,  G. W. Isaacs; vlco-president, A. H. Lcs*-  gatt; corresponding and fin.usec., D. P.  Morgmi; treasurer, J. A. Davidson; guide,  J. A. Stewart; ,guardian,. E. Mbrgan;  delegates to T. & L. Council, Messrs.  Dlbden and McCallum. Meets flrst and  third Wednesdays of each month in Union  Hall.  COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 28. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president. W. W. Nelson; recording secrotary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm: Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8,30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet the last Sunday In eaoh  month at Union hall. Presldont, C. 6.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box 65;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  L.: Woodruff, S. R, Robb, 3. H. Browne.  N. Williams; delegates to .Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  .T.   H. ��� Hrowne.  STKEET : RAILWAY .MIEN'S- UNION���  Meets second and fourth AVednesday. of  eaoln;month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue, and 'Hastings Street  at< 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie;. vice-ipre-  sldent, John., Frlzzell: secretary. AG:  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker: conductor, Ed. Manning; warden,.D. Smith:  sentinel, ��� T.,'.'Dul>berIey;'������������'".delegates ";to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas/ Barton. Geo. Lenfesty,'G.,-,Dickie  and H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF ��� CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth; Thursday In Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm.'F.MoKon-  zlc, 487 Ninth avenue: vice-president,  Huprh Wilson; recording secrotary, A. E.  Coffin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and LI  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson. r  THE RETAIL OLIBRKS' INTERNA-  TI ONtAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall,- the first and  third Tuesdays, of each month. T. A  Phillip, .president; XV. J. Lamrlck, secretary, SIS Princess street.  forever esfahlislicd  owwill still remain, hut hone will walk  iu  hopeless .darkness,  nor  will  any  he  consumed in  the  blaze   of   too   much  glory.  Call tliis visionary if you will, yet I  believe it is the consummation of his-  torv. How far in the future these  things arc hidden no man knows. But  God, who broiujli't the glory of the 10th  century out of the chaos of the Ihirk  Arcs will not fail .to bring order and  harmony nnd justice out of the present  socinl disturbance and eomfusion.  MOitAI. AND ECONOMIC QUESTIONS    UNITED.  These nre not purely "economic que*-  ions. They are closely associated witli  moral ami religions -problems. -."- 'ilio  Christian church cannot ignore; tliem..  The Kingdom of God is n social sftile  as well as .a personal experience. - The  work of tho church is with, the reconstruction of society according to God's  will as well as with the refoiiniition of  tlie sinner. Tlie cliurch has often sung  the "Dies Irne" miicn slic should hnvo  sung the "Marseillaise." Sociology is  just as full of vital religious questions  as theology. Social problems' arc as  pressing  ns  doctrinal  qncstions.       Tlie  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, Nol 113, W.  F. iM., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A: Rapor, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John . Llnklater.  TEL. 346.  Four Cents  a [jound  ���Is our charge for family washing. It  puts a first-clase. laundry within tho  reach ot every household in Vancouver.  It io CHEAPER than doing the work  at home, and all tho trouble and worry  is saved.  FOUR CENTS A POUMD covors all  ordinary family washing. All goods  that will go through the mangle are sent  home ready for use���all others ready for  ironing; OR, If you wish'us to do the  ironing our charge for this is proportionately low.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  Phone 346. 910 - 914 Richaitos St  white labor only.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  ��� MAOHINISTS-Bcaver Lodg��,.No. 1S3���  Meets second and fourth. Wednesday ln  each month in Union'Hall. President,  Wm. Boer; corresponding:. secretary, E.  Timmlns, 726 Hamilton street; financial  secretary, J. H. McVety, .'���;' 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S; TOIION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall,-' Homer  street, every first and third Saturday In  each month at 8 p. m. Ernest Burn, president; Chas. Durham, secretary, 8V7 Harris, street.  JOURETMEN BAKEiRS' ' AiNID CONFECTIONERS' International Union- of  America. Local No. 4��, Vancouver, B.  C. President, James Wobsterivlce-presl-  dent.^J. .W.^WIlklnsonj recording, secretary. .Mu rdo Max5Ecan,"27ar Westminster  Avenue; ilnanolal seorotary, H. MoMullln  Toronto Candy Co.; treasurer, W. A.  Wcods, 355 Ninth Ave, Mt. Pleasant;  corresponding secrertaiiy, 'F-. Riwllnrts,  Barnwell Bros., Granville streot; masters-at-arms, F. Moylcs and Fred Bar-  tie; delegates to T. & L. Council, F.  Rawlings and J. W. Wilkinson.  ���^N^DiiiiN7v{4'i  and  SOO  PACIfBC  LINE  World's  Scenic  ISocite  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada aud the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TEAIH  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOB JAPAN AND CHINA.  Tartar T. Sept. 20  Empress of India Oct. 7  Athenian Oct. IS  Empress of Japan..;,..............:...... Nor. 4,  and every four weolcs thereafter.  SAILINQ FOB HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Miowera ...................Sept. 20,  Aorangi Oct. 18  Moana : :-....Nov. 1*;  and every four weeks thereafter. ��� ^  ; For further particulars as to timo rates et��V  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATEE,  A.Q.F.A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. .     , 428 Hasting! St,  Vancouver, B. 0.  THERE IS  [Continued on Pago,Four.]  CIGAiRISrAKBRS' UNION |NK>. 3B7-  Mcots the r,lrst Tuesday In each month  In Union Hall. President, A. Koehel:  vice-president, P. Crowder; secrotary,  G. Thomas, Jr.. MS Cordova street-west;  treasurer, S: W. Johnson; sorgroant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  O, Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAJNTTER9 AND  UECORATOiRS, Local Union No. 138.  Meets every ��� Thursday in Labor hall.  President, w. Pavlor; vioc-i>rosidont, E.  Crush: rcoordlng-seorctary, C. 'Plnder.  17C8 F.iRhth avenue, Falrvicw: financial  secretary, W. Stanley, UB Keefer street;  treasurer. H. MeSorley: trustees, O. Irwin, B. Cross and W. Oolo.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS* UNION OF  A_MIERICA�� No. 17S-Mbot�� alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams, vice-president. Miss'  GTaham; recording secrotary, 'H. O.  Rurrltt; financial secrotan', Walfrcd  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Ncllson; sep-  C��int-at-arms, A.  J.  Kennedy.  For the next 80 days .you can get a suit at  your own price at  THE   ACME  To introduco our new system of tailoring before our Fall Stock arrives.  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  21 Georgia St.  G L Holland, Cutter.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  . Eli ft fc  LTD.  Cot. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  I1  ii  ii<i!xmsMimis ��_���*���"-  &-JSNt tin la_n__ur=_;  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY    SEPT. 14.  1901.  ly-.i  1*31':  las  1��7  Mi-'  117  w  .1  I;,'Vi:  Ia*-''-  ���I  TflE NEW DESPOTISM ASD  THE JSEW DEMOCRACY.  [Continued from l'age Throc.l  prayer of the eluuvh is: "Thy will he  done ou I'.'irlli as it is in heaven," but  how tin- will iif Hod can be fully done  Ou ' earth b.v men under present I'ondi-  tious (!oil only knows. .Social organization liiust lie Christianized before much  progress can be made in Christianizing  Individuals. Christianity- must be a si>-  cial cntsmlo lor i-lgltteoiisness, a vast  efliical revival of justice, n widespread  movement for f rate ni it,v. as well as :i  tln-ologii-al pi'iipagaada or a deiiouiina-  tiontil  spivulatioii.  't'he world lor centuries lias been trying to solve the inaliinal problems of  existence. These liave been solved..  lh-tliods have 'been found for the rapid  jiroiluctiiiii nf everyiliinj; needed by men:  nature has bccir exploited and all 'her  forces have been enlisted iu human service. The labor ot .two'hours a day by  nil t'lie people will under modern methods  _iroduco luxury. The problem is now to  distribute these benclits so that .leisure,  may be secured for the ctiltfivatiou of  man.-. Opportunity is now nlYoi'dod to  release men from the'dreary drudgery of  long hours of toil and to employ the  energies of tlho nation  upon the .prodnc-  "tion of -'higher tyjies of men. leisure  may be a blessing or curse. The release  ot men from the necessity of perpetual  la'bor opens boundless opportunities for  iirtelloctuall and spiritual iniprovemicnt,  or awful possibilithw of degradation and  vice t'lu'ough the comip-tioii of luxury  and laziness. Upoiijthe Christian Church  is law! the solemn responsibility of di-  ivcting society in the ssife. way. Never  was tiberc greater need for pi-ophct  voices in the church to declare un'to men  the divine wayby which all the achieve-'  incuts of ���hiiniaiii genius may  lw  conse-  . crated to 't'he higher development of Immunity.': 1'e sure of this that if we miss  the  way  ami make our inventions  and  ..institutions' the purveyors of godless  groeiil niul luxury: if we lose sight of the  spiritual objects of life in the enjoyment  ot the liKiterial, 1'he'whole fabric.of0civi-  Jizntiou will crumble tlirougli inherent  moral weakness, and under the ���withering  condiiuiiiatioii  of  God.  o.vusio of pouticai, coiuiur*-  0 TION.  It i.s said that the extension of democratic principles in tin.' realm of industry would increase the perils and corruption of government. Is this true? Political life is corrupt enough now, in nil  truth.   , Kut'observe  that  the   political  ., evils 'complained of are not due to the  co-oj-crntion of the people in the task  of .government nor to our representative system. They ure 'due to" the ab-  ���liornuil and dangerous social condition.  The opportunities Jioiv afforded for centralizing industry, securing special \iriv-.  jleges and monopolies of laud and public .utilities, fur private prolit���those are  the causes of.'political, corruption. The  seizure of these and the game to secure  tlicni' raises up a race of harpies and  parasites which attach themselves to the  living body of 1 he State. Tlie beneficiaries of special privileges, or promoters  of schemes.to,secure these���such as cx-  .,omptions.  tivrifE  favors,'.' natural   monopolies., bonuses,  land grants, timber  lim.  its,   mineral   and   coal   deposits���supply  .party fluids, subsidize newspapers, elect  .friends,: corrupt public  life  and  fill  the  ..���nation; \yith .their*'conspiracies to pervert the law for their advantage. :. Tlio  opportunities "afforded, by, our present social and industrial-organization for plundering the: public, in the name of business -and'by sanction of I.Tw, defeat the  . great: objects.of democracy.   The people  : arc placed at the -mercy of concentrated  wealth 'wielded;:by soulless corporations  and their self-gdverniueiit is apL to be  an empty glory.     Bread is more iniport-  . -aut than the ballot. So power, is controlled 'by. the  men  who  control  the  bread:  : Money rules.. -Money talks. Those who  control the wealth of; the.Statc' control  ���the government', whether Czar, or 1'rcsi-  deiit. or I'rentier governs. Concentrated wealth is. concentrated political power; organized wealth is organized politi-  ciill  ipow^    ,*.Corporations   and iitrusts  ; aro the power bdiind tlie throne and  the    people:;-liny,   tribute.    Democratic  _forni8_ot koveniiiieiitare doomedto com-  --partitive failure wJiile they shelter pieu-  tocratic methods ol* controlling industry  . nnd cen tna I i'ii ng Ihe power of wealth for  .tihe prolit of the few,  .Until demoorncy completes itself by  .acquiring cuiutrol of the vast industrial  nnd commercial organizations and of.the  natural resources of the country in Innil  nnd administers these sources of wealth  for the profit of all, until the machinery  of distributing the wealth produced by  the co-o|(eratlon of the national industries has beeir made as perfect as Ihe  niachin'ci'.v of production: until some form  of industrial democracy, or of . public  ownisi'ship, or of socialization, or of nn-  tioii'alizaliou, shall supplant the present  chaotic and dangerous methods nf business, we cannot expect iiopiilnr government, to- be'a gi-eij.l 'success. Social evolution presents us with I wo alternatives.  Wc may come to :i now despotism of centralized' capital, with the people stibjn-  g.'iH'd to tlle semen, nf billionaires, , or  we may come to ii new '.democracy with  tin; people recognized ns cb-operntivo pai-t-  nei'S in all tho national industry and  sharing equitably : in the; products of  their labors.    We believe that 'material  '-'fe.ivilizntioi'i. multiplied iby" the forces of  Olntistiiiiri'ty, will stop short of nothing  less tlinii some form' of social deniocracy.  ���": Evoints are moving rapidly in that .direction.    We iarp'.' conning to see'.that the  trust wiil own the people until the people own the trust. The corporation will  control the state until the state controls  the corporation. As -military lords oniv  exacted tribute at wiil from their subjects, so the lords of wealth will govern the destinies and happiness of the  people until the rising democracy subordinates t'heir ���lower to the sovereignty o  the icoplo's will._-As feudal arislocrac.v  and democracy once faced each other and  contended tor mastery, so plutocu.-.,  and the .people now enter into conillct  for siiprcuiacy. 'I'he former i-oiue.il  lasted I'liruiigli centuries of fearful warfare,, and straggle, but tho people  triumphed. Let us Im,.-,. and pray that  the latter contest will proceed, b.v till'  peaceful .ind rapid methods of arbilra-  lion and legislation; not by revolutionary  movements.  GltKAT ''ATTAINS OK 1.\D1J.ST!!.V.  The organization of the army of industry demands the highest executive and  financial, ability. The, traim-.l intellect,  the swift judgment, the iudrfaligibli-  cuei'g.v. The., subtlest sagacity arc required for the collossal operations of modern- coiuinercc. Without this masterful  ability in coinniau'l. ten or leu'thousand  men would be a helpless mob. ]trains  of the 'highest order are required, lis  well as strong arms and skilled .lingers.  Wiithout the leader a mass of men drifts  apart- without power of co-operation. A  great coinm-aiuler is equal to an army  division. So the tiniincinl ami. administrative genius of a 'Morgan. ISockefeller,  Cnrnejsie or Van llorne are of the 'highest valiU' to society.- Whctiher ���l.lic-ii-  ability. is exercise<l honestly and fairly  is not now the question, but: The greatness of t'lieir ability is evidenced by  tlieir success. They have done on an  enormous scale only -what otlier business  men arc doing upon a smaller scale, talcing advantage of their opportunities to  make money. It ill becomes the fo<_ to  denounce t'he prcditoii li iiut- ol un  lion. When jungle liw pirn uli lit tli  weaker honor the itiongn until tin I \\  is ' cluiuged. ' Umki pun nt ion il (on  dilions such men puloini noiU ol the  highest impoi'tance  '- .   XAPOIJKOXS   OK   TIWNCi:  Thero are two h m toi mpnIHiu  business ability.to In (\oici-od Nt the  country be opened to the ixploiti ol m\  N'.'ipo'leon of Pinaiid who in i\ ui-i in  organize nien in lm sinici uul to \\i  empire, glory and gold toi hmnili 1 ��� i ���  is,, the wide open polio ol tlhe pie -i at  time. As Xapoleon huilid Im iiune- on  Kurope and laid a loiitineut un !< i In  bute, so we permit nun ol einimnt iln'  ity to organize- tlicit luliouK >nrl iti<lu-  tries, to Se^ize oiir, puliln doin mis ind to  tax -us'according to tli u pie nun M Ik n  they retire, from, a (impugn with mil  lions, Ave stupid dullndi opi n oui o\  eyes'with bucolic un i/iiiiint mil i>-'��  how they could niahi so much .uul w ii i  tlie-y got it!  The other wny n the mon moi'iin  .���mil'democratic method It is to < nipio\  commercial-ability in the m.i\iii ol the  .State .and' for the well in mil piolit m  the,entire people. Jt n to tlon np the  opportunities ;of.-com. uu iting 1 ibulo is  sums of :weaklr in tin hinds ol tin  few. It is to invent otlin methods if  distribution. . .Wellmgrlon met _S ipol< on  anil oveft'ln'e-w-.'.-iiim it *\\ ileiloo, hut  Wellington'was1 the --en mt ot tin Ku.  Iis'h iieople. Kobeili w n not puimitid  to loot. tlio. Transvii il Jl( <inplo\iil hn  genius in tlie servile of In- iniuitn Iln  nvilitary; ge'iiiiKs in the i.n p i-l i h.  could organize an Him mil lt.nl it to  coiiqueist -won kingdom., md wi-ilrh toi  Itiuisclf. -The;: woild w n opm to the  'c(HK|iiest Of the swoid Im u inu\ hn  grown intolerant ol tin- 'I'n \oiithlul  Xapoleon-is: ni|>pcd in tin Inn1 Mm  tary gonitis,and powei inuii m mboi  dinated to tile will ot the pi opli J hei  furnish the sinews ot w.n i id i inoiVin  Caesar is inipossibli lit tin ihmg ^,  have outgrown in �� u wi pi unit m  pence. The (lollar, ii nuglitui 1I1111 the  sword. The-world i- opm to iln ion  quest; of.cash'and.IiomK, Nnl toi r'loii  luit.'fur gold1 men now �� igi tin 11 bloou  less battlos,: wiiicii till the iioild with  wrocks audi miscrin Vn ih beginmiv  to eiiquiro'-a: better. wn\ li it not fo uul  in leve'ling down tin inn il ge-nun to tin  'plane of;military ������mil diploni itic nbili'i  which serve the stnti ' Is it not found  in the-.-wide1 application ol the wouli o  Christ, "He that would be gti-itdt  iiiun'iij,' you let him In km tin ot ill '  Instead of gradiiitinc nun i���,in the  'i'aiilss=^o���IiecSiiro7^\ clli_Tglon~ Ael^on-;"  Grants, KitcheneiM oici tin uidiiitii il  armies of the nation ��e un up \lti  las. Caesars/Xnpoli on-   wholigill\  i\  'act    tribute  win   imp ul    bound  less wealth, whi.'i tin |iUu Imp  piness and piospiuu ,,1 tin juopli  arc sacrilici'd lo tin 11 piohi 'llu \  an- products (if the a���, ln whuli  they live and it; nun In thut the\ lnii  a useful but tniiisinit fuudion m -oeuil  imvelnpn'ii'iit. Thcj biulgi- ,li< i|mco be  tween the pi-|iulli\i> binimis nulJiodi  of tin; past, nnd the 11-1I1011 il imlii-ti 111  of the future. ���  Itul lmve we not inmu to nn ngo le-  qilirlng the siipplniiiing of X ipolions or  l''inancc wiili State Coinin iikIims of In-  dilslry V'  ' '_ ..  ' Tcleplioho. 1���2���5 for ,1 fine ].\<t\  turn-out. J. ,T. Sparrow, I'.il.uo li\en  stableN.  Gold Seal Cnnadii.i \~i\u 1= '-e.igrain''-  Graml Old Rye. Onlj, OOi bottle Gold  Seal Liquor Com pan}.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranty ed to restore failing appetite and  correct, any kind of stomach trouble  50 c. box.   McDowell, Atkins, Watson  .Co."       .""'--'<":���  (Continued! front Last Weeik.)  THE LAI FIGURE.  By George Du Maurier, Author of "Trilby."  But nothing was found up to tho time  I left Dovor, or afterwards cither, so far  as 1 Imard, und I looked in tho papers  diligently to soo if any montlon ot It  worn made.  Tho following morning thero wns  much talk in the r.oilto room about the  disturbance) of the previous night; all  those sleeping on my sldo ofc tho house  had hoard it.  "I think somo one was playing a  trick," snliia waiter.  "if a hoax, who wns tho hoaxorf" I  nskod.   !,': '  "Woll, sir, just as I enmo in from tho  side door to tlm lobby wero that there  luggage of this hero gout's is stowed���it  was past 2 o'clock ln tho morning then  ���I heard a smothered laugh '"-0, ai If  ���oms one was n-hidmg bohlnil tho boxes  and onjoying of the fun nil to tholr-  slves. I din't soo nobody; I wns too tirod  to look, I enn toll you; but tako my word  for it lt was A hoax."  I reside with my mother iu n villa nt  Konslngton, and have a studio built out  into tho garden, very convenient for tho  entranco of frnmo-mnkers nnd models  nnd for tho egress of my pictures, as lt  has a door opening on to tlio road, quite  private. At this door I was set down,  my lay flguro having come iu its box on  the top of tho cab. How I longed to show  lt off to my brother artists!  "Whatever havo you got ln that great  paokng-caso, Georgo?" asked my mother.'  But I would not satisfy hor, as I wished  to give her a surprise. ;;  What with relating Parlsinn nows to  her, and ln roturn hearing thai events  that had'happoned in my nbsonoo, it waa  dark whon we loft tho dining-room.  "And now, Qoorge, I want to soo your  purohnso," sold my mother.  I told Jane to bring n hammer and  chisel; then entering my studio, I turned  up the gas. Aftor somo llttlo labor I got  tho lid off tho caso and liftod out the lay  flguro.  "Whatover is HP" oxclnlmod my  mothor, aghast.  "Ah���ah���ah!" soronmed Jano.  "Don't bo n fool!" I oriod. "What nre  you screaming at?"  "Ah! nh���whn���!' scroamed Jano  again, backing to tho wall and standing  with horriflod, distonded oyobnlls fixed  on tho llguro. "It's a woman, and sho'i  allvol Look nt hor nyes!"  "You groat silly!" I said angrily.  "Don't you soo it's a lay flguro, liko my  old ono ln tho cornor thero? Yon were  nevor frightened at that."  "Oh, tho old ono is an Innocent thing  to what this is, sir. I'lnBUrosho'sallTO.*'  "It's got glass eyo<;, liko a doll,  mother," I said,seeing that ovon sho wns  looking nt itasknnco. "Veryunnecessary  to put thorn, but it is a French fronk, I  supposo. Isn't it a beauty?" and to show  oil' my purchase I scrowod tho head  round on tho nock.  "Ah���nh���a���.1" screamed Jane again.  "Sho's n-frowniug���frowning awful at  you, sir!"  ".Tnno," said I stornly, "loavo tho  room this Instant."  "What a foolish young woman she Is,  to Iib fiuro!" I observed us sho soudded  owny.  "Woll, to sny tho truth, Georgo," ro-  pliod my mother, putting on her glasses  and peering into my lay figure's oream-  colored fnco, "I do not. liko the look of  it myself. It's too beautifully mado, too  nntural and liko n real woman; unnecos-  snrlly so, I should say. Lot us go awny  and loavo it. Seo how the oyos scorn staring nt your old flgurn there in tho  cornorF"  "I hope thoy won't fight, "I said in  joko nn wo loft tho room, and I lookod  thu studio door.  In tho middlo of tho night wo  were arousod by something falling down  in tho painting room. My mother got up  and en mo to my chamber all of n tromble.  "My denr," she said, '"I,am afraid your  new flguro has fallen down. I do not  think it can bo housobroakcrs."  "All Is quiet now, mothor," I replied,  listening. "I'm afraid that lay flguro is  not well bnlnneod; it turned over onco  boforo. However, I shan't get up in tho  cold unloss I hear more noises. Wo shnll  see what It is in tlm morning."  On ontering tho studio next day tlicre  sat tho flguro ns I hud loft it���but such  a strnngo thing! my old battered English  figure, which I hnd used for those twelve  yciirs past, lay, overturned on tho floor,  stand und all! It rcnlly seomod as if tho  words I had spokon in jest were voritlod,  and that tho two figures hnd quarrclod.  My nrtist friends were all dclightod  with my purchase, and without exception wanted to borrow lt. Tho joints  were twisted and turned about in evory  oonccivablo manner. Tho mcohnnism and  flexibility wero pronouncod unsurpassable In tholr workmanship. I promised to  land lt to ouch by turn, nnd commenced  JW_1_ti>lLmy.??l?'_nttlrlJ?':!jLinJ>_L'!ilok_vel-_  voc dress nnd train trimmed with ermine  for a pluturo I wns painting of Mary;  Qtioen of Scots.  I do not think I ever executed drapery  no woil In my life as I did whon painting fiom that figure; tho folds foil nnd  olung so beautifully around Its graceful  form. But nolthor my mother nor .Tnno  could got ovor tholr groat disllko to lt;  indord, Jano deolinod to ontor the studio  at all, nnd, if obliged to bring ms* a lot-  tor, pokod tho trny in nt tho door, with  hor eyos fixed nn tho lay flguro as If cx-  pootlng It tn politico upon hor. Ah sho was  a most excellent sorvant In other ro-  ppoctn, and had been with us somo timo,  wowcroobllgad to humor hor whims; so,  of courso, my studio was not too tidy.  My mother about this timo doolarcd  sho hoard footsteps walking nbout the  studio In tha small hours of tho morning.  As for me, I generally slept too soundly  to hoar anything, unless it worn unusally  startling,  Now, it Is n remnrknble fact that,  though I painted hour nfti-r hour and  dny after day from that lay figure, I  rover could see anything repulsive about  lt an others did. My frunio tuiikor, for In-  stnnco����� worthy, rospoctnblo trndosmon  ���was ono of thoso who could not looknt  It A young ourato occasionally called  upon me for local subscriptions; ho  named lt "tho witoh of Kndnr." Dr.  Hollls, who attended my mothor for her  neuralgia, examining It, said its anatomy  was perfeot; and- his son, .Tank Hollls,  declared he should Uko tn dlsfloot it  In the meantime X had sold "- ' *  figure to an artist residing at Liverpool,  nnd did not allow myself to becomo prejudiced by people who know nothing  about art against my new one. Having  finished tho black velvet dress.I removed  tho flguro to a corner of my studio.  Miss Luoy Hollls, daughter of tho  abovo-mentloned medical gentleman, had  kindly given me sittings, for tho beautiful and unfortunato queen. She was a  lovely, brilliant brunette, and a oharnw  lng girl as woll. When I invited her to  sit for my ploturo I was only very  slightly acquainted with her, but aftor  about seven sittings of two hours eaoh in  duratloD wo bogan to feel ns If wo had  known eaoh other intimatoly all our  lives. In fnot, it led to her ultimately accepting an artist husband. But that was  later on, and has nothing to do with the  history of my Parisian lay flguro. On  ono ooouslon when Lucy was giving mo  n sitting I was engaged in taking the  measurement of her pretty hand; I was  scureely aware of it, but perhaps I might  have held It a trifle longer than was  neodful, whon wo worn all startlod by a  deep, long-drawn sigh. "Goodgracious!"  orled Luoy, starting up, "whntevor was  that?"  "Wns it: not you, dear?" said my  mother, who was Boated noar tho fire  knitting, looking up ln surprise.  No,lt wns neither of us. I looked under  tbe oouohos and other furnlturo thinking  that perhaps an animal might bo.asleep  beneath one of them. No, there w&i  nothing.  "How I do hate that horrid lay flguro'" snld my mothor, shaking her knitting-needles nt it.  Now comes a very strango part of my  story. Early the next morning, as I wan  dressing preparatory to goincr down to  ���breakfast, Jano came to my door, asking me tn step into my mother's room,  who appeared very ill.  "My denr mother," I oriod, "whnt ii  the matter?" as I hurried in to her, to  find her still ln bed, looking very pale,  faint and 111;  "Shut the door, dear, aud eomo hero."  I obeyed her.. "My dearest George," she  said, taking my hand, "I am sure that  you lovo me, and thnt there ore fow  things you would rofuso mo, for I have  tried to bo u tender parent to you, my  dear boy."  "That is true," said I, stooping to  kiss her cold brow and romomhorlng hei  self-denial ln my early llfo, whon ]  would bo an nrtist, and how sho, a  widow, had so eoononilzod that my rans-  tors should bo of tho best. "That is true,  dearest mother, thero nro fow things ln  which I could say you nay."  "I am about to moken serious roqucst;  it will entail a sacrifice on your part. I  want you to get rid of thut dreadful lay  figure."  "Got rid of tho lay flguro? To be sure,  easily enough. But why on earth should  I got rid of it?" I exclaimed.  "Last night," continued my mothor  solemnly, "I nwnko about 3 o'clock, I  should Imagine. My night light wns  burning as usual on tho toilet tabic,  when I saw my door, which you know I  always lenvo ajar, slowly open and your  lay figure ontor. It advanced and stood  at the side of tho bed, looking at mo  in sllnnco; but, oh, Georgo, thu dreadful  glitter of its oyos I Thoy seomod to hnve  a red flume behind them, aud tholr expression was fiendish���fiendish I I was so  ovorcomo that I fainted. Destroy it,  Georgo: destroy It. Mark my 'words.it Is a  demon!" My mother lay down again,  quite overcome and trembling violently.  She alarmed mo, for ordinarily she wns  a person of good sonso and not given to  nervousness. That sho had beon muoh  frightened was plain: but might sho not  have dreamt it? I wipod her damp fore-  bend with my_ handkerchief. ��  (To be continued next weefc)  A  BICYCLES  Among this lot are some Clevelaiids, Tribunes nnd Columbins.  All uro in good condition, a few are almost new. Very low  prices to clear them out.  WllU RALPH, I26 Hastings St.  ���:--..-,.'-. .v      SOLE AGENT    ;  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLE&.  ���  ���  +  A  McLennan,  Mcf ecly & Co.  D   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  arclware  ���WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  Shelf and Heavy  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PROJtPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOiiQLAS ���� CO.  WHOLESALE GKOCEKS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  O^" Pleadquarters for Domestic, and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ONE WEEK.  II. MILLS,   10 Cordova Sf  ]0ur Trunk Store is a Sight  A lull cnrlond of trunks und traveling requisites have Just been opened nnd put  j on display.   And a line display il nmkos of tlie following goods-nil absolutely now.  j       Irunks, all kinds, Suit Cases, Hal Cases, Telescope Cases, Kit Bags, Gladstone Bags,"  j Club Dags, Surgical Bags, Brief Bags, I adics' Reticules, Carrj-Alls, Collar and Cult Boxes,  tetter Cases, Basket Trunks, Solid tetter Trunks, Toy Trunks, Lunch Cases, Address Tags,  Shoulder Straps, Baggage Straps, Rug Straps, Etc.  JOHNSTON, KERfOOT ��> CO.  104- and 106  Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|>|>. Win. Ralph's.  The Mint.  Is locntcd nt thu corner of Carrall niul  Hastings street.'.   The bottled good's nre  all firht-class and the prices right fur  every ono.   Seattle Rainier heer.oi'dits.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up oi the weuk"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 7-lli render street.  Try :i bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7-H! Pender street.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   comer  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 7-lli Pender street.  Xow, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Ciimbie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  Arms and Ammunition  Of Everij ISescri|>tion and Quality at  521   Hastings  Street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. 30c box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  ���������������������������� �������������������  :; Ford's  ii ��roccry  o  <>  o  25 Hastings Street Cast. <,  Prices on PRUIT JARS iire:<-<>  Pints, 75c per doz.;   Quarts, HOc * *  per dozen;  }i   gallons ft.10 per  dozen.  Prices Bring Trade,  -���amkvms  XV o arc quoting.prices on many* *  J  lines lower than some grocers can *'  A  buy.   Walch or prices.  | FORD'S   GROCERY,*;  T Telephone T28. J |  �����������"������������������<���������������  BUSINESS  demands a large number of our graduates ln March. A course takes 6 or 7  months, so you should begin NOW, or  we will be short. We are running  short now! We can iplace between!'73  and MX) tooys every year. , To-day to  have-none.���No_,d'iRiouR,y-'to-plaee_all  the girls you send us. Remember ive  keep them till they are in a situation.  TIw H.IM.YogcI Coiiiinirail CoHpm  P. O. Box 3-17.  Vancouver, B. C.  ososaoooaeeeooacooaoeaooao  |    DELICIOUS WINE    |  O      MAI1K KXCU'MVKLv'l-'KO.'l Tl.'C. FltUIT.      2  0 19  8FKKSI1CI'TFI.0\VK1IR   UNION-MAIN:   9  DOMKSTIC CIGAKS. O  V        When milking �� trip nrouml the     JJ  l'nrk cull on g  ��0   W    Ik     Baroc llrnrktmi I'olnt    O  W. If. tlOnCS     Lighthouse      g  3300990330030039303300900  Oid Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade  Fruit Season!  This is the time of the year you .. ���  need Preserving Kettles, Fruit ���  Presses, etc.. so you would do '  well to call and seo onivprices' o   before buying.   R. G. BUCHANAN & CO,.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and  408 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver '  ���<     Subscribe  for  Tbe  Independent  $1.35 a Year.  | :   GEO. HAY   : f  A     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     A ���  2"      Renovator, mnkes a Bult now.     ,X  w 4��  ^ Dyeing and Repairing. X.  A. 21G Cambie St., Vancouvbb. X  I'ai. ���.'  If ft  mli-  "'' -!  ___^^


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