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The Independent Nov 16, 1901

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 /  IS  SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A YEAH  Wage-earners should subscribe,, because this paper,  lit published as their organ.   ,  VOL. 4.  *0L/V>k  B. C. PERM.4iYEi\T L0A.\ ASIK  SAWG8 CO.  Authorized Capital    -   110,000.000  hulucrllwd CupluU   -   .    l.jOO.OOO  Abwtnover    -   -   -     ���       ;;uo,ooo  Head Oflice Ml Cambie Street, Vancouver, B. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 16, 1901.  NO. 8.  COMPULSORY AEIBITRATION.  Secretary Edw. Tregear of the New Zealand Department  of Labor Exposes Misrepresentations.���Act Satisfac-  ..,>���������< tory���Trade   and. Commerce  Increasing.   >. ���>  ������  albout the Rossland Miner to another  correspondent."      \  >  ft.  t  :.Mie communication -from: Mr. Ed-  Ward Tregear, secretary of-lubor for  View Zealand, .la a valuable contribution to the discusslona ot the subject  ���ot Compulsory Arbitration. . Mr. Tre-  eear's letter, following- upon' that of  v Mr. Beeves, ,New Zealand's agent-general In. England, should set at rest any  doubts'as to the satisfactory working  ot the compulsory; arbitration ,law in  lien. Zealand. The letter is addressed  to Che editor of the Katiiloops Sent'lntl,  and is as follows: ��� ���,-.  i"l was pleased to receive your letter  asking for my opinion as to the Compulsory Arbitration act (as It is numed)  In Shte colony.   The subject of its sue.  .oess is such a large question and ,dlf-  *era so mudh'accordllng to the point of  view of the writers thereon that I am  rattier diffident ln commencing my ans-  . wer. lest even a very long: letter.; may  not cover, the ground.   The reason that  the question of its success is doubtsd  by some and that aspersions are cast  tipon the act is thnt 'the 'right to  -       Wallop Tour Ow*1Nigger"  baa <been ..in .many instances iinterJerod  with.   Is it likely that those persons  lilhose fancied interests are blocked ty  aegSalaition -will wrtte In praise of such  legislation?   No one need answer the  question.   *Tliere is something worse  Vast   this,   however.    We   haive  been  mSsunderstood.    The  phrase  used- by  the-kindest and-best ot aPrlends and  ���visitors from the United States,  Mr.  Semarest   Lloyd,    was   'A    Country  Without Strikes.'    This has1 been interpreted in America as 'A country in  wbleh a man is prevented from sttiik-  iag it he likes.'    The   American passionate spirit of freedom Is up in arms,  and while one section Is, Indignant ut  the proposal] Ho part'WIWi die idght-to  strike,   another  Is' properly  scornful,  . sayinsr with .truth that no Jaw on earth  can compel a mail to work fairly If he  does not so wish.   New Zealand is only  A Land.Wlthout Strikes,  .because it has not any, not because lt  oould not have, any. " ��� All the com-  pulsory law insists on is*that Ifatnan  works at all at his trade be must not  accept lower wages than, the-; award  declares; if he did he would lower, the  wages:of hls:mates and)���ot. his��trade.  Ojir law ..does not orter a' mun'to keep  Ws factory going .if he. docs not wish  to do so, but it says 'If yon work the  factory at all you shall pay fair wages.'  Remember that the rates' of wages,  ttwira of wark,-_etc., etc^areonly settled alters careful consideration' before  tee arbitration,., court, which, after  bearing witnesses, on both, sides,.production of accounts,,etc., rules that for  tiro -yeans (generally) tho. scale ,if  wages j and hours shall be bo and: so.  Thta is tlie whole gist of the matter.  If workmen want to undercut each oth-  Y Br*�� pay,. or, employers 'to 'sweat' their  men, they cannot do so here, but must  ��o to some other country Tejolctag In  tire freedom of strike.and lookout, the  Industrial wair whose echo has: died  away from our ears.      '   -'    ''  , Has It Med Away? ,  That Is the new accusation.'"..' We are  said to be In a state of industrial tur-  ��� moil.���ByTwhom? ~By"the_enemIes~bf  Una. ^aot,' and: by the paid agen ts of  those to__ whose interests it would be  tor the act to be swept away.. Let  me give you an dnBtaince ln point. $ou  send roe an extract from the Rossland  Miner, a leader ot August 23, 19<W, in  whlcli.Is,quoted the expressions used  fcy Mrl Bwiingtdn.'of Audkland, ,Nc,v  Zealand. '* First, Mr. Kwington ' prefaces a rema-Kk with 'While His Honor  i - i  Judge . Bocklhouse," the royal com/mls-  oloner appointed 'by New South Wales  to Inquire Into the worWngB of the  New Zealand Compulsory and Arbitration act, is here,' etc., etc. Now, as lt  (happens there '���'. arrived to me this  inornang'.fronivJudge Backhouse,^ his  report sis commissioner inthis "matter."  Be speaks ,.of iMr. .Ewington.^ mentions  that he iwas formerly secretaiy ot the  Employers' Association, and that 'Mr.  EJwlngton gave him information. But,  he adds, 'duty'compels me to'say that  Ms staatements'-must 'be<'ta__en cum  arrano.iHe;himself said to me, 'I may  ��o.biased,'..and I'certainly think he is.  Tbe Impression left-on-my mind after  -reading i his .letters > and 'articles, is; that  of social warfare far more bitter there  than In any other,country. My observations, did not bear out the onei  contention af the other. ����� *.:*.���'��� 'I  wish it to be clearly and unmistakably  known that  , The IRiesult-  of my observations Js that the act has'  so far, notwithstanding its faults, been  productive: of good.' This is the Judge's'  opinion ('the, opinion of a judge whose!  business was to enquire into the very  matter) as to Mr. Ewingtbn'o evidence  and its value. I trust Americans will  also take his evidence cum grano, tis  the ���: Australian commissioner i.idld.  What was the accusation? I give it in  the words of Mr. Ewington as quoted  by the ^Rossland Miner: 'We'havc a  state of Industrial affadrs in New Zealand worse, than strikes.* The country  is in a state of turmoil. Thirteen cases  aire awaiting the Arbitration Court in  Chrletchurch, the Board of Conciliation  in Auckland has got its hands full for  three 'months ahead, and other parts  of the colony are also seething with industrial disputes.',Now, except, the first  line: as to strikes and turmoil,' these  statements .are true, 'but exactly, the  opposite;, Inference should Ibe; <tfawri  from them which they are speciously  intended to convey. It is because there  were thirteen cases to be heard 'before  the court and because the board of  conciliation  Had Its Hands Full  that  the country was    In   industrial  peace.   iLet me explain.   Our act of  1894. was found inaction toi haive weak  spots.: :One of these was that the dafl-  nitsion of a 'worker' mentioned that he  or she had to be employed in an.'Indus-  try,' but 'industry' itself was not interpreted.   iMr. Justice' Edwards in 1S3*��  refused hearings before the arbitration  court both to a trade union of oarters  and ito one of shop assistants on.'; the  ground that their occupations were not  'industries'   in   the'" dictionary - setise,  that Is, they were not producers.,, Tti;ii  it,became necessary for the act to. be,  altered, as a large number of working-  men -were outside its .benefits. 'In. 1900  the act was consolidated and amended.  Immediately there was a; rush, to register, under, the new act.by unions dls-'  qualified .under the old, and also other  industrial unions came dnto ibeing.   B  sides ;' thosei previiously registered, ovor  Ninety iNew, Unions  have,. been registered since last October, and every.ono of,these has.been  formed With the idea 'that ���. Its particular ��� branch  of  trade    should, get  its  hours of laibor, rate of wages, etc., fixed for a tLme, .as well as to get points  of friction ami (hardship removed.    Is  lt any wonder that when Mr. Ewington wrote there were thirteen,   oases  awaiting the court?   But if there had  been thirteen hundred there would be  no 'turmoil.'   Each union, as its case  ls decided, sinks to Industrial rest, and  goes on at its regular work, as it has  been doing, all  the time.   Trade, and  commerce. are Increasing steadily, to  day as they have done in New Zealand  for  years.    If during  the  tlnie  from  1895 to 1001�����ome eight years���we ha.vc  more_than_ doubled-'the���number-of  hands��� employed,'ln.factories,'/-where is  the  'turmoir?" Is'Ui better  than the  babies dying'In the streets of .hunger  during a big strilce.or not?   The Ut.  Hon. Mr. Seddon, tko premier,of our  colony and  minister,. for labor,    has  never saiid that the arbitration iict was  a failure.   I haive his authority to  1 Flatly Contradict  such a statement. It is,said:that'some  deputation of workers waited, on him  and asked for Impossible amendments,  whereupon he told them 'not to ride the  tilling /to .death.'. This . remark was  caugiht ,up, warped, printed, and telegraphed by! tho act's enemies all over  \ .' *' i     . . i.. i., .  the world,'but as we halve'on the table  ,*        ., * i * i    ' ' i  of the^house 'an amending bill making  thei'present,aot more perfect,.that fact  ' I *      i j  '    >l     .  may assure strangers that'the premier  docs aot think compulsory arbitration  a failure.- .He said In the house on ithe  , ,|   ��)  ( -.' "-      .' ".��l*/. 1- '   '  1  11th Jj(.Iy:, "Thero bas never 'been, a  biatter.rfeellng between employer and  eta-cloyed''than at the present moment.'  lier those who wear the shoe'tell if ft  pinches, and this ls the'_riioe<of 'Ne<y  Zedand,  who at every  THE BLEOTRiICAIj' WORKERS.  An adjourned meeting of the International    BrotheKhood    of   Electrical  Workers was he^d ln Union hall Tuesday/night,  Mr. Proctor In  the chair.  There  was  a very large attendance.  The chairman  infonmed;  the  meeting  that  the  meeting  was  held  for  the  espress purpose of giving all 'electrical  workers employed or residing in and  around the city an opportunity to Join,  and. he asked, that ull who had not already signed their names to do so at  once, as they were going to complete  the , organization  by electing-, the  remainder ,of their officers.   A large number signed  the roll,  Including a -con!  tlngent!from' New Westminster.   Tne  election of ofllcers was then proceeded  with, and all the vacant offices were  fll'led, so that the Electrical Worker's'  union stands to-day. as a fully organized body. Before closing the president  thought 'it would be an act of courtesy by showing their appreciation of  the-work of the organizer, Mr. J. H.  Watson, who ihadi given them all the  help he could Iln organizing their union,  and  he suggested   that  they appoint  Mr. Watson an honorary niemlber cf  the union for life.    This was carried  unanimously.    Mr.   Watson   thanked  the members present for the honor conferred upon him.   This was the second  union which had appreciated his services- by making   him   an   honorary  member.'   He could only say that he  thought .that they were doing the b'sst  work to-night they had ever done by  forming themselves into a union for  their own protection.     And1 Jt would  more than repay him If they conducted  themselves as unionists to the credit of  themselves and those connected with  them by being true to themselves, their  employers and theirifellowtrade unlohi  ists.   The meettng closed with a hearty vote of thanlks to President Proctor.  Mr. Proctor 'thanked the members  present.   He would iinavoidably be absent from the ctty'for a while shortly,  but anything he could do they could  always rely on hlni* to do It.    There  being no further business the meeting  adjourned to Tuesday next at 8.16 p.m.  CHIEF ARTHUR'S VIEWS.  MAN AND HIS MONET.  , In the Central Congregational  church, holding services Just now in  O'Brien's: hall, corner, of Homer and  Hastings streets, the Rev.' Mr. Vroo^  man, will commence next Sunday evening a series of lectures on "Man,and  His Money." The flrst one will.be. on  VThe Struggle ,for Existence,"..; and the  'last on "Modern Socialism." Every  one/Interested in social progress or in  practical Christianity should, attcid.  Workingmen turn out in, force.  OIGAR MAKERS.  ���The Cigarmakers union met in Labor  Hall on Nov. 5th, Vioe-preaident C.  Crowder in the chair. At roll call, 19  membens answered to their names.  Reports of local amd international  funds were read and referred to'the  finance committee. ' A communication  from the members of .New Westminster, stating that ithey had Just received  a charter from Ithe international president, asked that their membership card  ibe sent over; granted. A letter from  the Citizen 'and Country, of Toronto,  asking the union to subscribe for their  paper, was received. The secretary  was Instructed to forward the% sum of  $3 'for a'bundle of t! tor one*year.���  FISHERMEN'S DEFENCE FUND.  The treasurer of the FJshenuen'fi  Defence an'd Relief Fund wishes to  acknowledge the receipt of the following additional amounts:  Texada. Miners' Union.. .. '.. ..$25.00  United; Brotherhood of Carpen-  ' .ters, Vancoulver.. ���....���....  .. 25.00  Freight Handlers' Union .,.5.00  Oanoo Pass Lodge of Fishermen.. 50.00  Vldtorta Street Uallwny Employ-  jees' Union.. 10.00  In a recent issue of the Philadelphia  North American an interesting Interview was printed with that Veteran  leader of unionism. Chief Arthur, of  the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers. 'Mr. Arthur's views on labor  topics are always read with. interest  because they reflect. the Ideas ol one  who has spent the best years of his  life In advancing the: interests of traie  unionism," and to whom' in a great  measure Is due the credit for the development of that magnificent organization of which he Is the honored  leader. In the course of his remarks,  Mr. Arthur said: "Looking backward  over experiences during my connection  with the Brotherhood for the past  thirty-eight years���for twenty-eight of  whldh I have served as their executive  officer and five ns their auditor���I recall the time when it was not at all  an casyirtatter, to obtain an a.udlence  with,the rapreseritaitives ot the Company.    Now .how different It is.  "A .delegation appointed by the employers to watt mpon the,president or  general manager of almost any railroad on ithe continent Iflnds. the doors  of the executive oflice flung.open and  the grievances or alleged grievances  discussed with, an . earnestness that  shows a realization that the ttelfare of  the Company depends .upon a continuance of ' amlealble relations betwleen  employer and employee. Nowadays the  railroad chiefs will take up the work  of making rough' places smooth and  crodked ones straight; 'With as' much  energy' as though ithe coffers of the  Company .benefited thereby, which undoubtedly: they do.  "I havie harped continually on the  value of arbitration when the un-  swervaWe force meets theiunmoveable  one. So far as. the Brotherhood is concerned I do not-know ofvpme dispute in  its history that could not have been  submitted to arhltraitlon. ..I have heard  of the Australian plain of a, national  board,of arbitration, and decidedly.:Indorse it.  "My idea would be to have a board  made  up  of. three.disinterested men,  whose reputations for fairness Is above  question, each party to select one man  and the two to seledta third.  '���'Objection to this suggestion \vlll;te  raised Immediately, and It will be said  that -either the captallist (or1 the  employee would  be unwilling to submit  ithe ,m(atter in dispute to arbitration.  My calm conviction, based on a life's  experience with Tabor questions; is that  ha ���who ls willing to submit: a dispute  to'the decision of the arbitrator is uncomfortably aware tliait his cose is not  sound, and, therefore, fears defeat"  '1 Continuing his remarks after favorable comment on;the poaiibllltles of  compulsory/arbitration,    Mr.    Arthur  said:   "Speaiklng: for the Brotherhowl,  and-myself, I deprecaite strikes.   They  are foreign to our policy, which is nn  amicable  one.    We haive ibeen   called  selfish, exclusive   and   unsympathetic  because our sBand  in  labor disputes  outside.our own organization has always been a conservative one.   I.hold  that this ls ithe proper ground to take.  Each union, for (Itself.   The locomotive  engineers are in the skilled labor class.  They are quite caipable of taking care  of themselves, without assistance fron  others.  , .'Let others rise to a similarly Btrong  position and they, can then flghlt,their  swinging exhibition iby Miss Rochester was heartily applauded. Mr; H,  K;. Evenson gave W Ivcry Interesting  piano solo, aind was encored several  times before being allowed to retire.  Mr. H.* CBonner gave a clog-dance,  which also called for* much applause.  After the concert refreshments'wore  served, and later the floor was cleared  and,dancing was ��egun and 'kept np  until early in Ithe i morning, when the  Jolly gathering broke! up singing  the national anthem. The. committee  deserves much credit for the way the  evening, passed off. A neat sum was  realized from the sale of/boxes,which  numbered 200, and: were sold from 75  cents up to $2.00.  HOPEFUL.  LEnERS TO THE EDITOR.  REX VS. ROGiERS.  To the Editor o( The Independent:  Sir,���Quite a" few persons have accused me of holding and expressing  certain opinions with .regard to the  ���prosecution ln the case of iKing Canner,  or rathj* Rex, vs. Rogers.. I should  thanik you for an. opportunity to state  publicly that all members of the Fishermen's union ithlnk theivhole proceedings.have been conducted.with the  most admirable fairness and Justice,  tempered largely with mercy���about  half and half I think. .We are quite  surprised that none of lis have so far  been hanged, drawn and' quartered,  and.attribute this factpairtly to the  inexplicable obstinacy of i the counsel  for the defence, an obstinacy which Is  so mudh more absurd as we are poor  mfein and 'consequently can't pay more  than the ordinary. charges, and partlv  to the generosi ty: and i stra ightforwaird  methods of the counsel for the prose-  buitiion. I shall not trespass to. too  great on exitent on your space, so I  shall Just finish oft by expressing our  hopes thiat Rogers -��iH be let out of  the Jail shortly after the spring assizes, as the reouested ball has been  provided these, last two weeks. We  ���know, of course,; that itihe law, moves-  sometimes slowly,',:but, as some of us  are comparatively.young men yet we  hope to iive to see the end of this.  CHAS.   DURHAM  V Vancouver, Nov. 15, 1901.  Our crartk friend sas*s that Bill Nye  kne'w'wihat he was talking about when  he said that "the poorer a man becomes the more dogs he .would likely.*  own." Vancouver, our C. F. adds,  can't be 'beat for dogs and young ones,  and growls that the poverty of tho  people serves tlieni right. Did It ever  occur to you, he goes on, that when  you blow albout your .books and scholars, that the mote you 'know the more  arc your grievances.'.'And as to living  iVlthout iliope,Well, then, if you would  you'd not be deceiving -yourselves as  much as :ybu-are. doing. .Then, about  what you call love, .it.is'.only, a mere  sentiment,'��� anything, irdced It Is practically nothing, and you', could get  along ln thlsv\\orld all right wllhout It,  for what is it after all'but a sickly  and puny passion. But where Is the1  man that can lhie or, even exist without dining. That's the rub, concludes  our cynic observer.  When you come to think of It there  is quite a bit of philosophy, in these  remarks, because the poorer a man is,  the , greater are- his prospects 'and  (hopes, and probably no body has learned this lesson better than the editor  of a labor paper. In saying this we do  not hold by any means that'.it' is e.  blessing to be poor, or for one: moment  toiaglne that "the1 Lord should help  the rich because the poor can beg."  However, were it not for the hopes of  the future we would Indeed be a forlorn people.  election ap-  The .rtewest labor organization Un  Chicago is the PaM-Bearers' union,  fonned by: aibout sixty mon, who gain  a livelihood In the service of undertak  Iters. The new union, will establish a  ���jnlnimuni scale of~wages, nnd prescribe other regulatlons^whlch Its mem-  .i  I'bers hope to enforce. The Undertakers' AsBoctatlon ia said to look upon  .the new organization with favor.  own battles without calling for a general throwing down of tools and1 & tie-  up, from ocean to ocean. , I beildvo tn  unions being mututally helpful. Where  the.fight Is a Just one ithere should be  given moral amd financial assistance,  advice aind counsel. But fori employees  wiho. are well treated, at peace, with  thel remployera amd with no cause for  complaint to refune to work In ord^r  to atrengithen the strike of 'la./body, of  men ,'Wlhose grievances Interest' them  only from a sympnthetlc pcint 'of .Mew  Is oontrary to the dictates of common  uense, and a wrong of wlilch the  Brothertiood will never be guilty."  \ PERTINENT QUERY.  To the Editor of The Independent.  Sir,���Can youi, Inform me If the A.  F. and A. M., I. O.O.F., K. of P.,  B. C. L. S., A. O. F., A. O. U. W., W.  F, M��� I. O. F., or any other society  ���secret or otherwise���'that assists i it>  members flinanclally, is a propaganda  of pauperism? There is. conslderabl'  argument at present amongst members  on this Important point. If such Is so;  should���'. we not strike out of a certain  work of high standing amongst lords,  ���bishops, esquires, and all other citizens,  the following: "Thou shalt love thy  neighbor as theyself"���such being antagonistic thereto.  ���SOCIETY MEMBER.  Vancouver, Nov. 13, 1901.  BRITISH JUSTICE.  Tn the Editor of The Independent:  Sir,���The publication of tlhe letter in  your last issue to hand lis one of ivital  Importance to all residents of British  Columbia, as well as all Canada. It  brings out the treatment of thote  whom we have always been taught ;o  consider as "Innocent ' until prov;il  guilty."   The assertions then,produced  In the effete east people' live upon  the reminiscences of the past, while wcj  in the west live upon tlie grandness cU  the future. In other words, wdve gotj  something to live for, even it that  something be .but hope,1 while they' iri  .the east have only something to die  for, for thereall hope Is abandoned as*:'  It were. In Ontario and other eastern -  districts they 'discuss' the birth rate'  question and the politics and religions;  of your grandfathers, while we British  Columbians don't care a continental  i  aibout your -religious  beliefs  or  your ;  idiotic prejudices.: '. :   '  ' Our chief hope is to build cities, populate the country and. be mlHIonalres-  In fact, our resources are so great that  they imake us poor. And this Is said  in no Idle boast, because the Idlosyn-  cracles of a rotten economic system  places us helplessly too much ait'.'the'  Icy mercies and whims of the money  bags of eastern speculators. But we  live in expectations, for our hopes are  as wide, as our resourceful country.  And were we not thoroughly lmbue<i  with the hopefulness of coming greatness we'd become settled iri our ways  and gradually drift down the stream:  of life contented as the savage Indian  In'his'antiquated hewn canoe.i and be'  as shiftless as they are. We hope for  a bright and prosperous future.  Six thousand ooaj miners of the Tom-  fple Coal and Iron company, ot 'Willcej-  'ibirrc, Pa., trtiive been-looked out,' be-  Induatry^lij, New.Zealand to;yetytlar��e-  pn_jrioa*:more'highly her prtoent'ehoe-  ly restirtotedknd'that'ih*ri'Is a. Bt*t* n��akei',^'I*^livi*>t<> skr^wraattln-f-more'  THE "BOX" SOCIAL.  On Wednesday night the annual box  social and dlanoe of the Street-Car Employees union was held In the city hull,  and wad largely attended. Mr. 3. It.  Rannie was' chairman and long before  'he took his place* thehall' was piacfked  ���Jo the doors; The place was beautifully i decorated with flags and bunting,  while-about- the- plaWorm-were��� displayed large palms,- land added to' the  Boenlc' effect'' Tlle lihgthy programme  WliOl,1   J' ''     -     -I    �����       J I  .cauae  they .wanted'fifty,  discharged I waB^carrled^out; without"a,hltah, each  employees reinstated.'." !"i'i �� '!uW   -   number being encored, while the club-  point strongly to the fact   that it it  only a precept,  and  far  from .being  practical.   Would it not be a gooa Idea  for some of. our members of the: provincial legislature to carefully, examine  Into the rations of prisoners 'awaiting  trial, and compare them with those of  prisoners undergoing Fentences?   It appears *.that in  this age of civilisation  such would/be a benefit to every citizen.    And at the same time compare  the hours of exercise    for the.   same  classes.   Have .we not'amongrt our local members a disciple of 'Mrs. Fry In  the.house.   They hoiye the power and  authority  to do ilt -fully, and thereby  show to the electorate of our province  that  the   assertion   "that   every   ni.in  must   be   considered    Innocent    until  proven guilty" Is not a hollow mockery of twentieth century civilization  and unworthy ..-to be U3ed In connection  with the voointed.'.'British Justice" w?  have so loner  prided ourselves  upon.  Not.'to..mention.another:one about "a  fair- field and no; favors, "the sooner  we know "the truth und nothing but  the. truth"; the i .better tor all, at least  so lt appears to       ,u  TRUID BORN BRITON.'  ''vim Anda, bJc.'Nov.1 9. 1901.'  Marvelous discoveries have be*>ni.  made of late In Egypt.. The length.1 of.  some of the catacombs ls so great thai.  the galleries of which they are formed!  would contain, in each .vault, from 2,000  to 3.000 bodies. In. fact then there  would be sufllclent space for thef mummies to stroll around and amuse themselves.  ���Since this gambling question came.  up for so much discussion of late there:  has been plenty of chewing the; raff-  about the_badness__of_Dur__towii._1lt le���  mained for one of our good Citizens to  ���itate that our town : was'- getting so-  wicked that even little children, "who-  could neither ppenlt nor walk, were to-  be seen running about the streets after  durk cui^Ing and swenrlng." It Is indeed high time that the civic solonsu  Imtitutul a ourft-w.  KHAKI TEA.  Unequalled for quality ttnd rlchneas-.  of infusion; guaranteed absolutely, pure,  aa ini.iuftactured nt the g-ardens In In-  dh: ��t)ld nit the astonishing lowiprloo  of 23 cents a ivound package,- by:The,  Oity Grocery, Company, the wonderful  cheap giocers, Westminster avenue^  njid Princess street.  'Organizer  Watson   Informs  us  that  tbe  International Barbers" and  Shio-  whlghts' and  Caulkers'"' union ' have,,  at their last regular meetli^s,'"decided".'  to affiliate with the Dominion' liraiies-'-"  Congress. This is as tt .should be ['every "  union should affiliate  with* the   con-*"  gress, as eaoh derive'Indirect benefits, "'  if not direct, from the work of that"  'body.' We hope to be able to "publish   '  the -names'of every ronton in 'thlg' city-' -'  as' having affiliated'' -with    Caj_aid*_*_r"  great' laibor organisation.*''   " '' '''   *''"  m  w  .m  WIM0^MSM0^M0ii  ll^il'M^tt^ii^^ll^iiilpi  wmmmm  ���'*?la-^  M^M^^^^^^Mi THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.,  NOVEMBER 16, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN THE 1N-  TilHUSTS Oi-* TIIK -MASSES  Tllli INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASU.M'E.Vl'      Ol'*      FIjACK     HLOCK,  HASTINGS STREET,  VAX-  CO! IYER, B. C.  Sl.lISl'lUl'TIONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A ww*';. .* icnis; niontli. ir< ccnis; three-  jnoiulit.. :!.*�� com-,: blx. month.-*, tv ceiUh,  one je.ir, ifl.23.  ENDORSED BY THE THAODES AND  LA HOR COUNCIL. THE VANCOUVER liAHOR PARTY AND THE  LU'ILDINU  TltADliS COUNCIL.  SATURDAY.  NOVEMRER 10, 1991  CABINCT VACANCY.  It l- wild that the -vacancy in the  Ottaw.i government is to be ifllled  forthwith. Among Hie 'pre-election  piomiscs made to the electorate of ihis  province by the supporters of llie  Iii-esent administration was thnt Bi'it-  ,ish Columbia would nol bo foi gotten  or ;."ivi'ii the go-by in the matter of  cabinet r< presentation. We make It a  genenil rule to eschew the discussion  of party politics on all and sundry occasions, but there are limes when question., arise that directly concern us all  ���paity or no paity���which must bo  discussed, and this is one of them, it*  tlio doing away of the olllce of liibo:-  cunmiissloiier Is a criterion of what we  may expect fiom the government, then  wc say the sooner we are maili1 acquainted of" Hint fact the hotter. This  la.it act was not only an insult io labor ,n this province but an injury.  And it would not surpiisc us veiy  much were we again slighted this wisi\  Every piovinceiin Canada ha.s a member of the .cabinet, excepting BiilUn  Columbia.    The  iigncultural   interests  , tue represented in the government, but  labor is not. lt lis true we have a minister cl labor, but then there is no one  in the ministry to g.-ve expression to  the sentiments and demands ol labor.  Tlie working classes want someone of  themselves lo speak -for them when occasion aiiscs, and will never be satisfied either until tliey are granted this  request, if not by one go\ eminent then  by another, until they are able to form  a ministry themselves, which ihey will  be Ibound to do sooner or later.  Both in ISM! and 1900 the people of  this province usked to be represented  in the councils of Llie government, and  they meant what they said. Xo favors  were sought, but wh-it ihey weie entitled .to. XX'e lia.o heard it hinted  ���that if one is to be appointed at all  from the coast province that Semitjr  Templiimen will be the man selected, or.  in other words. Victoila will get tlle  plum as usual. Personally wc haw no  quarrel with the noble senatoi, but we  hold In all justice thaL either Pi cedent  Ttalph   Smith,  of  Hie   Canadian   Lauoi  " Congress, or Mr. Maxwell, our own sitting member, is entitled to the vaca-u  portfolio, because ihey were diioc.l'  elected by the people on account ol  their ability and holding advanced, yet  reasonable. Ideas on inatteis affecting  public policy, ns opposed to those of  their opponents; so much so, in fact,  that their opinions have pioved unpal-  litmble to the people 'way back cant.  But la this to be a bar against this  province having the kind of repiesenta-  tive they want? It Is said that Clod  helps  those who help  themselves, and  you   may depend upon  it  that unless  the people of this province assist, them-  llkes to talke them into Its fold occasionally, because then the people can't  get at them for their misdoings.  If Maxwell or Smith don't get the  job there is going to ibe a great big  stir���and tins is no dream���in the  make-up of politics in this province, in  which the new party movement will  figure somewhat prominently. Aliea-ly  there is a large number deserting the  ranks of both conservatives and liberals, and arc not going to be hoodwinked any longer. And by the time  a redistribution takes place, whien  should give two or three more members  to Hillish Colunibla, there will lie a  new parly spring up that must In'  ivi'koncd with. Dare the government  give us a voice in its deliberations?  IS IT A JOB?  On .Monday the following motion of  Aid. Cook and I-'oreman, respecting the  False Creek tide Hats, will come up  befoie the- city council: "That the city  clerk 'be authorised lo advertise, In six  prominent pnpeis. for one month, that  the city olfcrs a free site on the foreshore of the lands lately acquired from  the Dominion governiiu-nt, to any person or company who will establish a  manufacturing Industiy to the approval  ot the city council." Tho land must not  be gnen away "free," but may be  "leased." We have no hesitancy in  .saying that this simple little lcsolu-  lion may prove to be one of the biggest ipleces of jobbery Vancouver ever  suffered, ilf the people don't keep their  eyes opened. The Trades and Labor  coinii'il, who was instrumental in securing these lands for the city, should  go  into the  matter  foithwith.  when ho tried, rightly or wrongly, to  better labor's conditions. Coxey has  more sense and more of tho milk of  human kindness in him than many of  the egotistical and thick-headed workingmen, with capitalistic Instincts, who  sneer at everything that tends toshate  them out of a rut.���Duluth World.  As n muley cow will turn from a  manger of new-mown liny and wear  out her thievish tongue trying to coaic  a whls-p of straw from a neighbor's  burn, so do some men wear out their  brains and intellects trying to find a  (���lack In the reputation of some laboring man whom tliey nuiy slander.���Ex.  It is to be hoped that the men who  go Into the woods with guns will spare  the lives of harmless wild things wihlch  they cannot cat. He Is no sportsman  who takes ia shot at everything lie sees,  for the mere sake of slaughter. Let  the hunter 'bag all the grouse and  pheasants he can, but permit the little  iblrds to go free.  Being a "good fellow" docs not make  a man fit for leadership in a lalior  organization. The qualities necessary  are honesty, ability and partlcluarly  tho courage of one's convictions. A  mere will-of-the-wisp trimming "his  sails to catch the passing bieeze" i.s the  poorest thing securable.���Rochester  Journal.  no wn&tic4e>>.  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Falbntes for Fall, 1001.  Every wantabie kind of material Is  included in this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct The result ls seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  fiom which wo mention a few of the  weaves we have ln the latest designs^  and shades.  ZHBOLINE,  VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, CHEVIOTS, '  iSUITINCS, BROADCLOTH'S,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We aSla you' to call and see them.  We iknow tlhe price will do the rest.  Union label sflioes are just the lit.  The rellow looking for trouble never  tails to Iind plenty of it loose at 'hand.  It isn't always the one that does the  most talking that does the most Hunk-  Don't foiget that in organizing othe.-s  you 'are strengthening your own backbone.  The most foolish thing a labor organ-  I��atlon can do Is to break its agrei-  nients.  Do  not  lose  sight  of  enemy.   He may make i  In time.  an   honorable  : gciou*   friend  When Ithe tax collector calls mound  you generally realize how much you  are worth.  The iproducier of wealth has the least  of it. Rather paradoxical, but true,  nevertheless.  The Youth's Companion, of Boston,  Mass., is past Its 75th birthday, and is  better to-day than ever before, if that  were possible, for it keeps up with the  times. All the eminent 'authors and  artists and men of power are contributors to this excellent journal. It  is a companion: 'for everybody. The  price is but $1.7.*> a year.  The work of organization, and education must be taken up at once. The  splendid enthusiasm in the new party  movement which workingmen have  shown of late in the different parts of  the pi evince should not ibo allowed to  flag or flicker. The work ot tho coining  months -Is different in kind fiom that  of the past, bui is none the less important.  A very large portion of the people  who do notibelieve In strikes thoroughly ibelieve In war.  If fair men would win they must  maintain unified, organization against  all unfair men and measures.  Wine is selling at a cent a gallon in  I Inly, owing ito the abundance of the  grape crop, nnd the bottom is out of  thi' "jag market."  selves that the Ottawa politicians will  not aid then, one bit. The working  people of this city worked hard for Mr.  Maxwell's return, which was opposed  most bitterly by cannerymen, bunker'.,  and other capitalists at two general  elections, ibecause the former believed  in the sincerity of the man who sail  that the Laurier administration weie  more favorable lo their views than lii:.  other fellows, if the government is  really In earnest, ant] will back up  what Mr. 'Maxwell snld, It ehould show  it now by apDolntlrig a cabinet minister who is in touch with Ihe pcopK  und not afraid to speak up for them,  r.gardless of his position. 13oth .Mr.  ' A! ixwell and Mr. Smith moie than hold  their own with the brilliant men in the  house, so that the excuse cannot be  given by the government thai th-y  are not fitted for the position. Diitis'i  Columbians will not be satisfied eithei  with a minister -w ho would be pliable  and docile ,to the requirements of an  eastern aggregation that would iath=r  takeroot than advance along populai  lines a, degree., There is already a  couple of senators .in the cabinet. This  government believes, so It says,  that  The Russian police have seized Tolstoi's 'iMeanlng of Life." Life has no  meaning in Russia without the permission ol   the polce.  Piemler Dunsmuir denies that the  Lieutenant-Governor has requested  lilm to complete the personnel of his  cabinet.   He should, however.  The fact that six men were able to  exist without suffering during twelve  hours' confinement under seal in a submarine boalt in England proves'that  such Iboats can now- be made comfortable amd comparatively safe. If crews  can be assured that they can rise to  the surface at will by the operation cf  infallible machinery, submarine navigation will no longer furnish notoriety for 'the daring.  mmmmmmm        ��wmmh^mm��__m^^ iiiim��� y��  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the molls reach.  period during which industrial disturbances are avoided; representaitives of  both sides engage In adjusting the 'differences arising from the constant  transition in machiery and methods of  production; and they meet annually  or biennially to again discuss conditions upon which industrial peace may  be continued for a like period.���Federation 1st.  Laboring men make mo secret of the  reason why they combine. It Is a reason graven deep into the fleshy heart  of human nature, and emblazed as by  lire on every -page of sacred writ: if  our fellow toilers are one ibrothers, if  we really desire the strength th.it  conies 'from united effort, we can but  organize ourselves for mutual  protec-  i  tion.      Otherwise    our    boa-st  of   the  brotherhood  of  man  Is  but a hollow  mockery.    -  The four surviving members of the  present government represent collectively 1,338 voters w ho polled /their  votes at the last election, and these in  dude those who voted against them as  well as those who voted for them  They sit in the legislature by 'virtue of  the -ballots of SOT votes. iHeie are 'the  details:  Member. Total votes.   Voted for.  Eberts 467 "_.">!>  Wells 200 '   '137  Dunsmuir 3CS 21G  Prentice 'Ml 195  ���1330 807  These four gentlemen arc governing  liiltlsh Columbia in utter defiance, of  constitutional usage.  Patrons of boarding houses may be  interested In the fact that California  has forwarded one thousand carloads  of prunes since August 1st.  The Scotch-Irish tunnel project is  again under discussion In the United  Kingdom. The people who contend  there is no such thing as Scoton-Irlsli  will please taike note.  The firm of Cla-k & Stuart 'are to be  complimented upon the printing of the  Souvenir of Police Department. The  work is a credit to the "art preservative." and the letter press all thut  could ibe desired. _  The Hon. O. XV. Ross say.., that "Ontario offers great chances to young  men." Yes, to leave the place, which  they do by thousands. A country tint  pays less than a dollar a day In wages  Is not n ilt place for a workingman to  live.  The Independent, of Jnnesville, Wis.,  arrived among our exchanges this  week. It is a new lalbor paper published by Hogan & Kiuith and Is a  six-column, sight-page sheet, well gotten up and filled full of Interesting  news. Wc wish our namesake a long  and prosperous career.  Speaking of reform literature, we  would say to everyone, be sure and  lead a labor paper. In Its columns  you will find the true facts.concerning the great social question, faithful  reports of the doings of unions and the  labor movement at home E>nd abroad.  Again we would urge for your own direct personal 'benefit be sure you take  a labor paper, be sure you read it, and  ���be quite sure you pay for il. We, live  in material times, and labor papeis require material  aid.  Referring to an interview in another  column we believe that the majority  of trade unionists will not agree with  Chief Arthur, of tlhe Locomotive Engineers, as to a. conservative policy.ln all  Lnbor disputes outside their own organizations, because the policy of  "each union for itself" is a practloil  denial of the fundamental principles  whioh form the basis of successful  trades unionism. To say that the engineers are capable ot "taking care of  ithenteelves without assistance from  others" only holds s-o long as loyal  and true union men occupy the other  side of the cab, 'and this state of affairs applies to all other trades and  callings. Unions should join forces just  as Individuals join a union.,.  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all ��� interests impartially.'  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To,  issue policies of pronounced liberality.' To  make all death paym'ents with the utmost  ~ promptness.   To be fair in ali dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have em-   ,���  ployment with us.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. ' Incorporated 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  pri'tish empire cannot compel us to let  them In.���'Sandon Paystreak.  Only Victoria Lobsters Left.  Tlie latest Industry to be established  by ithe boom ipapers of Vancouver ls an  Immense "clam, crab and lobster fac-  _.  tory." The clams are there all right,  and probably the crabs also, but where  are the'lobsters to come,from? Is it  possible that an .attempt is to be made  to thin out the booming element?  There aro no lobsters in British Columbia waters.���Victoria Times.   ,    , ,  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Fishy.  No, dear reader, 'they don't e��ll them  dog  salmon  because   they  have  bark  instead of scales.���Toronto Star.  A GOOD OFFER.   *  Subscribe for The Independent, only  $1.25 a year.   Send a club of Ave and  you will receive a tree, copy, from now  till the end of 1902.  ��� NOTICE. ���  llr. Horace AViillams, a member ct  the Carpenters' union, is the agent of  The Independent. He is autilioii.sed to  receive subscriptions and advertisements to solicit job 'work and to collect  i  money and receipt for same.  -The 'Rossland Trades 'and 'Labor  Councll has taken action to secure a  full registration' for i the coining municipal election.- , ** ,     .  The"  Having the Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  in B.C. which lu Itself is a gunrantee  of a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,,,  . . MAKI&'A SFKCIALTY Of . . -,  o   ' dot's sjecioi Liqueur, diso ��� ���  ��    usner's biqck LoDei Liqueur miisinr'  -LARGE STOCK OF��� ;   ;  . IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC    .  /;   .; Cigars .t /"','" ,������'  R. B. Mulligan cfe Co.;'Props.  Coineb Cordova and Cabball.  This life i.s just what we make it.  It Is within the power of the workers  to make the world a. paradise and  wot th living on for the workers as well  as it is now for the fellow who has all  the good things of life. Organization  in trades-unions-wlll-do-tlils. _Therc-ls  no question aibout it, history, past and  present, proves the correctness of this  assertion. Try It any way; you will  not lose anything in the effort; on the  I'oiilrary you will be benefilted by !n-  civased wages and other Improved conditions while you are making the w-  IH-rlment.  What's thl3? Our old friend, (Jacob  Sechler Coxey, who i3 running-an Iron  and steel plant at Mount Vernon, O.,  has,promised to employ all blacklisted  strikers In his until. That's veiy good  of  Coxey���-especially    after   many of  those some iron., and   steel   workers  the senate should tbe abolished, yet it I laughed at and Ivpted    against/, him  Organized labor .stands for: (1) Organization; (2) conciliation; (3- urbitra-  ganlzatioii; (2) conciliation; Cl) arbitration, conciliation and arbitration are  a delusion and a snare. ��� The comblnti-  ilon of the employers, the wealth possessors of America, has .progressed at  a very rapid rate. The workers .hai.-c  no feat because of those combinations.  They are realizing tihat In older to  protect and,promote their Interests today, and to vouchsafe their liberty anj  freedom for the future, it Is essential  for tlieni to unite and federate. Out  of the two united forces 'there,Ura constantly growing tendency toward mutual agreements, lasting for, a, stated  Respect the Opinions of Others.  A common mental phenomenon is  profound respect for freedom .of opinion combined with a conscientious desire to limit tho freedom to yourself  and those who think as you do.���Gold-  win Smith.  We've Sent Ours In.  < Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets ore guar-  nnued to restore falling appetite and  (**rrf>cr any kind of stomach trouble.  W c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.. , , i .. ,��  j,i i      j w.'   i     ���.  i  AlrwoFfltingmen"will take-notice that  the government has called In all $1,000  bills. Aa .most of the notes of this denomination are probably In tho hands  ���or socks���ol the wage earners and  the government wants them badly, it  Is ito be hoped tho request will ��>e  promptly complied with.���Youngstown  Lahorlte. .      ������  11 As to Frugality.  Without any effort on his part a  Janitor at'one of the Chicago police  stations has fallen heir to a fortune  little .'less thnn a million, but'there is  no reason why the capitalists should  not point him out as nn cxainple/-o'f  ���what honesty and frugnllty will accomplish. He was 'iccrtailnly frugal ns a  Janitor, 'because he was obliged to b".  ���The Workers' Call.    '  , .   ,WI11 Ite-Enact.  (When it disallowed th*> British Columbia! Oriental i Immigration restils-  llons the Dominion government'lald up  a lot of 'trouble, for itself. The next  legislature "elected In. this province will  re-enact'this legislation aind enforce it  to a finish.; Imperial reasons ,w4U cut  np.Ice...This province must'keep out  the Asiatics and all'the-forces af the  'Don't iforget to say that you snw It  in The Independent when you are purchasing goods. The store keeper'likes  to know that his advertisements are  read. At the Same time ask to see the  clerk's "working card."  Comrade John Peters, formerly of  Vancouver, B. C, and White Horse,  Yukon Territory, called on .Citizen and  Country a tew days^ago and loaded up  with -a" bundle of socialistic .books  Comrade Peters is returning to his old  home In Berlin, Ontario, and reports  thnt he made iflve socialists during the  four days' trip from Vancouver to Toronto.���Citizen and Country.  _Tel._945.  on  Cordova St. West. ���  Headquarters lor the engineering trada  '    In Vancouver.  0HOI0ESr^���e��>  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 60 centa up.'  ROBT. HUNTLY,,--.'- >R0P  SAVOY  THEATRE  S. SiursoN '. General Manager.  J Towksend Stage Manager.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  AShdw for the Peopier  ���-Quantity and Quality Combined."  Should be Inlore.terl ln our BIRD  CAGES. I'm your bird in anew homo;  he'll notice the difference; ho will up  predate It and work overtime singing  his thanks. All stylus, all sizes-some  in brass wire, others In various preity  sliilcjtsof cnnmel Hire 73c. to $3.  Parrot Cages, $5 Vp.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  CI'OCXPRY AND HOUSE PURNIHIUNKfl,  Opposite City Hall, Weu'miniilcr Avenue,  Vancouver, U. C. ���    .   .  <**.��<����<������� �����������������������'����  GRILL ROOM.  HEA-XJUABTKRS TOR ALL KIND 1 OP <  , l    Game of all kinds ; Clam Chowder; , i  Beefsteak PiuMings and all' short or-'  i I dors a specialty.. .,        ,   ,.'.,,,, J '  < ��� ' Ul  . Open day and night.  Special atten-,< .,  *' tlon given to banquets and dinners.     ''  i I    ���'���       I      fn       %,  ������ . -    1       i   ' ,�����      In', i .  C. THODEET ��� -,    ��� ,. .Manager  ^  ��� "  M'       * I   If   i IP       U'    .'I    <      I   HI     ��_> ii\   }  I III ��M1  From Their Nanalmo,bouthfleluana  Protection Island 'Cilleries,  Steam, (Gas  and  House Coal  ,.1/ ii,,.,    ��� i.'  OI the Following Grades:  *��� 't i i -  i    i     ''  Double Screened Lump, ,,,     .,    .   , ,  ! i   , RunofthoMlne,.       ,,-    ,,  i WaataMl Nutasd  ' BcnMlni*.  ii  i,  >'.'  SAMUEL If. ROBINS, Superintendent.':' ��� -  BVAKS,' COLnttN'A' *CVAb�� itftatii ' ;"  4,l,4 ,, .VamSouTMCity, B.C.?,,j.,j ��� .  V  \ X  K  SATURDAY.. ,.. NOVEMBER 16, 1901  the independent;  PROM VAN ANDA.  The Miners' union here ls still steadily'progressing, financially and numerically. The union realizes the fact that  the main object iU to promote (harmony  between employee end employer; to  strive to remedy any evil that may  exist to the benefit of both parties interested; to advance the cause of labor  in all leasonable and fair i\ays; to  -conciliate differences In an amlcab'e  and friendly way; to protect all Interested from Impulsive acts, and to stil.-e  in all passible -ways by education und  social training to 'pi event dls.istrojs  conhoiiuemt-s, to inculcate a lietter and  more friendly feeling between capit.il  and labor. Knowing full well that  Buch iredounds to the illnancial and mutual betterment of both classes, and  ���will ultimately bury the demon pieju-  tllce too deep toresuirect.  UNIONIST.  JOYS OF MFC IN ONTARIO.- , ���  The apple pickers' are in our midst  -again ���Slmcoe" Reformer.  Mr. James Allen' ils building a large  pig pen.���Dunnvllle Reroini Pi ess.  John Punic liad Ills 'Warn reshlngled  ^ i  last \. eak���Dunnvllle 'Reform Press.  Mr. N Flanders is_putting down a  well, tor Eliu Coveidale���Haldimand  Advocate.  Geoige Madden, of the Model farln,  lost si good old cow If st week.���Marlt-  <dale Standnnl. '  Several oi our Cultus people attended tlhe chicken pie social on Fiidtv  night.���Slmco Reformer.1"l   "     '  Dr. 'Munay li 'having his olllce and  dwelling jacked up and the foundation' improved ���Durham Chionicle.  A fowl roast, was given by .Mr. John  Lickfoid last Fiiday e\ening to his  many fi lends���Claiksbuig Reflector  The boys ga\e iMr. an'd^Mis. C. Duncan an old-fa?hioned charivail List  Monday night.���Dunnvllle' " EeCoini  Pi ess.  It is- -whispered aipumd that Ale*.  H.ilbeit takesja stroll tovaids Mountain Home occasionally.���ShelUirne  Free Pros'..' ' <������ ' ~T    ' '  An adjoining horse made a teiiilllc  kick -with iboth feet, inestimably at tho  one tlie was working witli.T-Newmayket  Era**  '��.   '        .-I  '     '  * ' -'*'���������* '  seven hundred seeds of pigeon, grass,  and a snow-flake in Shrew sbury, Mass.,  picked up one thousand seeds of pigweed for it's Tnjtfokfast.  Goldfinches liave 'been noticed busily  feeding upon tlie seeds of the Scotch  thistle, the bull thistle, wild sunflowers, -cone flowers, wild lettuce, pilckly  lettuce, catnip and mullein, and when  killed their stomaahs wie found filled  with these seeds. For at least thiei-  fourths ot the year w eed seeds are the  piincipul food of most of these varieties. Very few' of them eat much  grain, even where it is grown laigely.  mining resources, the town may yet add  several thousand to Its population of today.  i\2  TIIE TRUE UNION MAN.  Ho  takes  a  lahor  paper,   which  pajs foi in advance.-...,.' imi   ,��u   '  The  Un'ted    Garment    "Woikers  oi  Tallois have their label on his pints  He patronlzA, barber shops that have  " the union cud "up."     ' '  He   cheerful]}-   will   help   a   fellow-  crafts man who is ihaid up     -       .,  He   ohews   union   tag   tobacco,   and  weais union laibel shoes.  ()   And If he drinks, you bet lt'smnion  label booze i, ,.    j     ,,,,  The union label is in the hat lieii\vea.-s  upon his head.,,,,-,,     ,     .       ,��� ���   ��� ���  And when he leaves the br_keiy It'.-,  always on his bread.. ,   ,  He has that*union lnbel'ln the pocket  of lliis coat ,  TOie  unpiogressivc    Candidate  would  in-iei   get his vote.���E\.  WHAT SOCIALISM IS.  .Whenever the word socialism Is mentioned-some "jack in the box" Is always  leady. to spilng up and show his Ignorance by presenting such definlt!ons(?)  as "nnaichy," "divy up," "government  ow nershlp," etc, etc. That few people understand the conect meaning.of  the word Js evidenced by the amount of  popular (mls)-lnCoima'tion on the subject Socialism has no connection, In  fact, Is the diiect opposite of anarchy.  Simply nnd briefly stated, socialism  means that all forms of cnpital,~=u nil  as land, machinery, lallroads, telegraphs, telephones', factories, stores,  and eveiything else us,ed in tlie piodue-  tlon of wealth, shall be owned by the  people ln common, ,md ndmluisteied  by the government, thereby giving  every individual a dee oppoitunlty to  nia'ke a Ih-ing and the full value of his  labor. Finthei more, It means that the  needless lnbor of many will he dispensed with, and that e\eiy oneanubt  do, and will h.ne an opportunity to  do something useful ��� The Othei Side.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up  of Uu  weak".���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 74(i.Pender streot.  i-  \ t '  ,      "'.,   ��� The Mint    -' '     " ���-'   'V  Ts tho now s.iloon at the corner  of Carrall and Hastings stiects. Case  goods arc tlio best, nnd the prices 0. K.  Seattle Kninier beer, 5 cents. ,  Try n boltlu of Eisen rort, tho sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 74(5 Pender street, ^-v1.  If you haiio not been using Venus'  flour, whj ' Your neighbor does and  is delighted Give it a trial Sold  only by The City Gioceiy Cornpanj.  MRDS AS  WDDD DISTROJTERS  Piof. Syl\estei D.'Judd, Assistant in  blologicnl sui\ey foi  tne United States  Agilcultuial   Depaitment,   points   out  the services of some species of buds in  destioyliig Innumerable seeds of some  -ot the mos't common weeds.    Some ol  the .needs fiom which these birds like  to pick the seeds, ,and  which,  indeed,  lorm a huge pint of their subsistence  in   "Winter   and    Pall,   tye     ragweed,  smtiilweed,  bindweed, pigweed,  l.nu'bs  quaiter,   amaranth,   dandelion',   pu'i s-  Uine, ttnotu-eed and chickenwee'd    Then  thee aie^the eo.irsei  glasses, as the  .sedges,   craogiass,   i ut  giass.^'plgeon  glass and others that often cio_wd.out  ' better grasses In fields and the law ra  Willie It may be said that good i'ari'.-  ing���wouId   mean   the    destiuctlon   ot  ���liliese weeds," most'of wliioh nie annuals, In  cultivated fields, .so  that  th;>  should .not  ripen  their seed,   >ec low  ���can do,even 'thle!" -while''the'roadsides,  edges  of   woodland,  hedge   lows   nnl  pastures, will piodiice many to nerpet-  mite the rests     And what a po vei of  peipctuntlon they,have.. Some of the  above species are fftid  to  produce  a  "hundied  thousand  seeds    to  a single  l>!ant',Jvw"liilefmpst of them e-iceidrilve  ���or ten thousand.  The birds most actively engaged In  this work are the spanows and '(inches,  which, include,winore than twenty spe-  .  * .'���  * if. j   ���.., i i-       .   T % t'r<.  icieg.vhorned .larks, ���-meadow   larks,  ',     - ^.  Lj "''��� *     V .' .1 JtJ*   It   "  (blacfkbii ds, cowblrds, quail, giouse^  -grosbeaks and. others. A eio\ytblapk-  Tiird ���wllli'-clat-from'itlilrtyfto fifty" seeds  of ���.siiiarfn\ifed^pr>bllnijweed_viat a single  meal and a ,field sparrow one hundred  ���seeds of crabgrass, and they talte several meals a day. In the stomach-jof a  ^ * U ii k i��( v;." *^'  Nutthall's sparrow jWere found  three  hundred see(ls!of*amahi|ii'h,'tad:lih!an-J  other three hundred seeds jjf. lanrbs-  .1    . , '    i <  *���**��!.     y  ���quarter;      a tree< sparrow had eaten  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Pnlnce livery  stables. . > -si1'  "[   .   V -:    ��� '-    "���f1;  J..t t'��-.  The Stonecutteis' union, of Butte  Mont, has lecently been leoiganlzed  The sc.-iK- us $0 iper day, a.id eight  houii. - ���'  i  BXODU.S FROM  ONTARIO.'J  Repiesont.iuvo Ontanans peem to be  com inccd that the population of much  of i in nl Ontario���like that of ceitaln  countM dlstilcts of England���is likely  to-cont'nuo tb dccieasV, lather than  gnln even modeiately. Speaking of this  and its effects upon the Piesbytenan  Chinch in older uiial Ontano, "Knox-  oninn," a cle\er and < wcll-intoimed  iMitei in the "Westminster, s.ijs' that  "ihis exodus fiom the oldoi patts of  Ontario will Increase lather than dimln-  i--h Tho people aie nofcMieeded."A  laige psnt of faim woik Is now done by  niathinei y Ontai io Is not being nnpcf.r-  ciishcd because her sons aie going  "West. The young men who have'no  taunt- heie, __ind the men who ha\o to  snuggle .witli mei tgnges,' do the light  thing when they move to bur great pia-  Ines. "But their moving cilpples, and In  some ca'-cs well nigh destioys, the old  church " to which, they belonted  This pioblom of'the old church in'the  counti v seems to oe confined to, the  United Stales and Canada So lai as  we know It was never felt In an acute  foim in Scotland or Ulster. Thousands  ot Uls-ter men and tens oC thousands of  Scotch Presbytei lans h.i\e gone-to all  P.uts of the woild. but, roughly speaking/we should hay that Piesbyteilan-  ism is stionger in Scotland and Ii eland  tlnn it ever wns.   How is tills'   The   , , ^_     ^ t-jt r��� .    -���       , y  The bnth late In Ire-  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  _B\KUowdng Is JJ. Ust of the Union oigar factories In British Oolumlbia wtoo  use tihe blue laibel:  W. Tletjen, No. 1���Dlvtelbn No. SS,  Vancouver.  Kuntz & Oo. No. 2���Division No. 88,  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Division No. 38, Komlooips.  B. "Wlilberg & Co., No. 4���TWvJsiou No.  38, Now Wetttuninster.  T. WloxBtlook, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kelowna Shippers' Unton Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Kelowna.  Wirtgiht Bros, No. 5���Division No. 38,  Rossland.  Kootenay aigoir Manufacturing Company, No. 10���Division No. 38, Neieon.  Molis & Johnson, No, 2���Division No.  37. Victoria.  St. Bantlloy, No. 6���DivUslloii No. 37,  Victoria.  Jaland Oigar Factory, S. Norman, No.  6���Division No.' 37, Victoria.  iFrov-lnce Oigar Co., No. 7���'Division  No. 37, Victoria.  A. SteHimoter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria. '  P. Gable, No. 9���Division No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. I_ery, No. U���<DivI:lIon No. 37, Victoria.  M. J. Booth, No. H-DdvWlon No. 37,  Nanalmo.  C. G. Bettuisen���Divaaion No. 37, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria. B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. G���Division No.  38, Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Division No. 38,  Sandon.  Fhelln & McDonough, No. 1__���Division 38, Nelson.  UNION BA.KERTES.  XV. 13. llulr, Mount Pleasant.  "W. Muiray, Prior street.  Montieal Bakeiv,  Westminster avenue.  F. Adams,  Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street."  "W. D. Kent, 56 Cordova 6treet.  J  Oben, Hastings street.  '��� SMInchen Co , Granville street.  Barnwell Bros., Granville street.    ��  Largen & Tupper, Granville street.  Pay up your subscription to the Independent, lit does not cost you much  and you should' not hesitate ahout giving your support readily to a labor paper.  answer Js'easv.  ��i ��  land and Scotland Is high, but in On-  tnno tha blith rate Is veij low "���  New s-Advei tlser.  i  The Seattle "Post-IntellUuinei," in  its editorial comment in "Wednesday's  issue, icmaiked: "It is time lor every  agency of decency and law to join with  wholesome public opinion in suppies-  sniH tihe '.mMIow' newspaper." This Is  a case of s.unn lebuklng sin.  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following ia a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, i Hastings  street.     , , , ,  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvie & Bills, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  .street.  The "Whlttier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Baiber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  "Army and Navy (Oscar Hejilandc)���  G-ranvllle stieet. under Trorey's  A.  O. McCutohcon, Mount Pleasant.  Boulder Barher Shop, Cordova Street.  ' MAKE A MOTION AT THE NEXT  MEETING OF TOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COMMUNICATE THE NEWS CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THIS INDEPENDENT.  TRADES   AND   LABOR   CONGRESS  OF CANADA.  We desire to call the attention of unions not yet affiliated with the congi ess  to the following:  "The betteiment Ol the conditions of  the Canadian wage-earner of to-day  depends in a great measure upon legislation, na-bltartlon and conciliation. To  obtain legislation we must adopt the  ruling spirit of the age, and 'combination.' The capitalists recognize In this  a sucoeesful nnd powerful weapon. Le  gislatlon is imperative for the future  growth and prosperity of our movement, and the congress nnd Its representatives must receive the undivided support of organized labor in Canada in its efforts to obtain legislation  for the amelioration of the conditions  of our Canadian wage-earners. Let us  seek 'legislation from ithe Dominion  Government and Provincial Legislatures through a central state that will  be supported by the branches nnd  sprouts of organized labor in every  nook and corner in Canada. There  muat ibe a, head to every movement,  and until organized labor decides tihat  Its demands for legislative enactments  shall emanate from one supreme head  and 'tlnough one united channel it is a  waste of time, energy and money  (without any very material or lasting  te turns accruing theiefrom) to keep  annually or periodically seeking legislation from those wiio are in power.  Politicians and capitalists are quick to  neiceive and take advantage of diversions or scnlsms in the ranks of labor.  The per ca.pita tax is not large, 20  cents per year per member for trades  councils, federation of trades 'and like  associations, 10 cents per year per  member for tiades unions who pay to  an international or national head It  Ls the intention of the cxecuthe of the  ecu'iess to li.ue bills or labor meas-  sures prepaied in legal form for sub-  i  mission to tlie membeis of the fedeia!  parliament at its anproachlng session  in re Asiatic coolie labor ln Butish Columbia, ilegal woiklng day of S houis,  and amending the Alien Labor Act so  a sto make it eftective. Other neces-  s.uy legislation will also ihe sought. To  do 'this it is necessary to engage the  serviices of a first-class lawyer, am energetic and competent trade unionist  and a stenographer and typewriter, to  susslst our tw o direct labor representatives, Messrs A. XV. Puttee and Ralph  Smith. This assistance cannot be obtained without', lemuneration,- consequently money is required I have  none and don't know where to get it  unless from jou, and1 by iway of no  hai-m and to make a long stoiy short,  I -will tell you so as you can tell your  brother union-man, that if you want to  gecuie legislation give me the money  p. o. box 29c. 'phone 179.  AViiolesalij Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brands:  MONOGRAM,       '    MARGUERITA,' '     ' BOUQUET,''''  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Union Directory. (  VANCOUVER TR1ADES AND LABOR  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  piesldent, W. J. Lamrick; secretary, T. H.  Cross, financial secretary, "W. J. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician, W.  McKlssook; sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday in  each month, at 7 30 p m , in Union hall,  corner Dunsmnur and Homer streets  JOURNEYMEN BARBER6' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120-Presldcnt.  G XV. Isaacs, vice-president, A. H. Lesr-  gatt: corresponding - f'nancial secretary,  D P Johnson. Itw Hastings St. East;  lecording secrotary, C D. Morgan,  ti en��irrer, J A Davidson, guide, J A.  Stewart, guaulian, E Morgan; delegates  to T & L Council, Messrs Dibden nnd  G XV. Itancs, Meets first and third  Wcdncsdajs ol each month In Union  Hall.  Washing  at Elome.  '���-1'  COOKS, WA1TDKS AND "WAITRESSHS'  Union, Local No. 2S President, Chi<  Over, vice-president. XV. W. Nelson; re-  coiding secretaiy. Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretarv, R. J. Loundes, treasurer, "Wm. Ellendcr. Meeting every Friday  at S 30 p. m In Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmuir streets.  VA^CSP R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  , No 226 meet the last Sunday In each  month at Union hall., President, C. S  Ciimpbrll; v-|ce president, George Wilby:  secretary, S J Gothard, P. O. box CS;  treasurer, "w. Brand; sergeant-at arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E  L. Woodruff. B. .R. ltobb, J. H. llrowne  N. William'., delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J. H.  Broune. *  to emplov and pay foi the labor to pre-  paic the legal instiuments thiough  which "wo may at least attempt to obtain these much dosiied labor lefoims  Youis, fraternally,  P. M. DRAPER  Office of the Secretary-Ti easurer, P.  O. Diawer 1017, Ottawa, Ont.  Now, gentlemen, here is tlie shop to  pet your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Camhie ami Cordova.   C. Ellis.  If jon want a really good rye w hi'-ky  at n low price, our 30c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74G Pender street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by whito men���aro you drinking it?  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Kye. Only, 30c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  '-Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  ' A. Murray, "Westminster avenue,  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  ���Dan StowartrOordova street.  CluKb & Stewart, Cordova street,  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MoRae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  E   Lar-en, Hastings Street.  J. Carrelil, Cordova'street.  Simon & Co., Cordova street  The Dominion Census Commlssloner  ���for the Yukon hns reported inioimnlly  as to the population of ,the Noithern  gold countiy. It will equnl average expectations, with a total.-lncludlng In-  'cUuns. of Hither over 20,000 people, of  ���whom the lown of Dawson accounts  foi over 8,000 of a falrly.'setUed.popuIa-  tlon. This means tihat Dawson as re-  .pards present population, Is ithe third  largest city of Pacitto Canada, plncing  it fairly ahead, in this respect, of our  own mining cities of Rossland, Nanalmo  'nndSNelson.,, ,In.-all. probability Daw^  son wilt "never rgroW! Info 6. very large  town, but granted, as now expeoted,  conslderable-permanencyjlortand cor-  i esDondlne* development of "the'Yulcon's  A despatch from Enscnndn, Lower California, snj.s thnt thu stenmer Seostios,  which sulls from that port foi Mnzatlan,  will tako the prlsoiu>rs who were concvi lied In tho miitlnj of tho com lets near  Enscnndn last September, and who aie  to be sent to Torln, Sonorn.  The Kaiser, haling now ordered a ncw  ruclng Micht in tho United States, takes  the utmost Interest ln ail the details concerning its pi ogress, says the Berlin correspondent of the New York "Heiald "  His Majeatj Is (Irmly convinced that tho  Americans build the fastest sailing ihouts  l''iro during a gale of wind wus follow-p  ed by tho complete destruction of every  mercantile establishment and several of  the finest houses ln Pugwash, N. S. In  all twenty structures��� were burned, with  a loss ln the aggregate of $0,000 The  ^Insurance Is about onfr-thlijd of this sum.  ' Polish; priests t and . laymen ��� throughout  the United .States have . designated two  priest's to'go'to Romeland*en<ieivor 'to  get'more'recognition'for Polish* Catholics  IniAmerica.''  I ' n.H-,' ����� **���.���>.   ."V   >"  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND "WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT "WORM and  other insects���for sale hy the McDowell, Atkins, "Watson Company, The  Druggists, Vancouver.  rgpsw; *_>��* -VMi�� j-vr hm <lwi hwh >*  ">:=537'#f#AS''^,jy5  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Moots ��econd and fourth "Wednesday of  each month, m Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Aienue and Hastings Strcpt  at S p 'm. President, G Dickie, -vlceipie-  sldent,, John Frizs-ell secretary, A G.  Peiry, treasurer, IT Vandci walker conductor, Ed Miunlng; warden, D Smith;  sentinel, T Du1>beile\, delegates to  Trades and Labor Council- John Pearey  Jos Barton. Geo. Lenfesty, G Dickie  and H. A   McDonald  It's, hard w ork���and there'-, the worry  nnd tliu house lull of steam nnd bad  odors und tho problem of drying the  clothes us well.  For 4c Per Pound  wc will do all >our family wash.  All Mat goods such as tablu and bed  linen, tuucli, handkerchiefs, etc., will  oc washed and Ironed.  Scaring apparel, drekses, bUrts, children's clotrn'k,   underclothing,  white-  wear, etc , w 111 be unshed, starched and '  dried icutl} for ironing.  Steam Lacmdry  PnosE 3-K5. 910 - 914 Ricuabds St  WHITE  LABOR  ONLT.  ;ipkli^l^NS7.7  and  UNITDD BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS nnd Joiners���Meets o\ory  sccond and fouith Thuisdav in Union  Hall, room No 3 Piesnlont G Dobbin:  vice-president,,, J M Sinclair, lecording  sccictary, W T. M.icMullin, tlnanclal  sccretarj. II S Falconer, tieasuicr, J.  Ferguson, conductor R MncKcu/Ic, warden, J MeLcod delcgiites lo rJ' and L.  council Robt J_aephor��on, G Dobbin, J.  M   Sinclah  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTDKNA-  TION\L PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, the llrst and  third Tuesdn\s of each month T A.  Phillip president, W 3 Lamrick, seore-  tarj,  2-tS Princess street. \  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No 113, "W.  F M��� meets everv Saturday at 7.30 p m.  ln Foifsters' hall Van Anda President,  R. Altken; vice-tu esidont, C A vMelvllIe;  secretaiy, A r.aper Van Anda, B C ;  treasurer, H V Price, conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John LInklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS-Beaver Lodge. No 1S2-  Mecls second and fourth Wednesday ln  etch month in Union Hall. President,  Wm Beer; corresponding secretary, E  Tiir.mlna, 728 Hamilton street, financial  secretary, J. H MeVety, 1211 Seymour  street. '  '  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2 Meets ln Labor Hall, Homer  street, e\er\ first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, president, Chas. Durham, secretary, 847 Harris street. ' ���  IC  "-'Works.' " ' .  j    i|i    ii -   -ii* ;     .'I  i ��;!���  Ioi|iorter��<and t Bottlers  "gore aVk. '  .'PHONE 7831 '  ,-SOLErAGESTS.  JOUREYMDN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  Ameiriea. Local No 46. Vancouver, B.  C. President. James TVebster; vice president���J. -W.���'^'ilklnson,-recording-secretary Muido MacLcan 2731 "Westminster  Avenue; Iiuaneial secretarv, II MoMullln  Toronto Candv- Co ; treasurer, W A  Wcods, 333 Ninth Ave, Mt Pleasant,  corresponding secrotnm, F Rii.w'llngls,  Barnwell Bros, Granville street; mas-  to T. & If Council G "W Isaacs Meets  first and third Wednesdays of each  month   tn   Union   Hall.  PACIFIC  LINE  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE,  To all points In Canada and tho United States.    ���  THE FASTEST AN'D BEST EQUIPPED TBADJ  ;        , CROSSING THE CONTINENT. 1(  I SAILING1! yOR JAriN AND CHINA.  Empress of China      .  Dec 2  Tartar . .   .I>ec. IS,  Empress of India      ...      . .. .Dec. SO  and every lour ii eeks thereafter.  i (  8AH.IVGI FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Miowera   Dec 13  Aorangl          Jan 10  Moana   Fab. t  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc*  apply to , ,   ,,  _  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATKB,  A.G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St,  '     " ' Vancouver, B, O.  THERE IS'  CIGABOfAKERS' UNION I NO. 3V7-  Mects the llrst Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President, A Kochel;  vtoe-president, ,P. Crowder; secretarv,  G. Thomas, Jr, US Cordova street nest,  treasurer, S. W Johnson; sergcant-at-  arnis. J. W. Brat, delegates to Tnidos  nnd Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  c   Kelson.  BROTHRRHOOD OF PATNTHHS AND  DECORATORS, IfOcal Union No. 138,  Mi-ets every Thursday in Labor Hall.  President XV. Pavler; vice-president, B.  Crush; secretarv. C. Plnder. I7T>1 Rlghth  avenue, Falrvtow; treasurer, H. MeSorley.  .TOURNETMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA* No. 17S���Meets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall President. F., "Williams, vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secretary. H. O.  Burrltt; financial secretary, Walfred  Larson; treasurer, C. E Ncllson; ser-  KeRnt-nt-arms,  A. iJ.' Kennedy.  For the next ao'davs''yon can get'ttsnltat  jt   i'i    v'your owniprice at    . <��� -i.    -,i  4    THE'  ACME"'"'  ,i *  To inln>duce,cut naw; system., oi UlUilti kf<  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The   price   is now  such ,that almost ev-,.  ���  ��� erybody can afford it. ���  '',   Once   used,, always  , ���    used.   Apply at Of- ,.  I'   fice of      ���   '"--*'   -.������-.'  "' M^~.  LTD.-'  j Cor. Can-all and Hastings- ��<  Streets"   '''l   h"'rvK  N  If  1}  x  ii  6.  ( (J    -t 'Js  "��    t!  N.  '..,".  ,.'  UI1JM___I__I_1_1M!  . v-.it-*-,*>' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.., ,. NOVHSSBHR 16, 1901"  ' AVe have new lines of these  goods that are better than  heretofore.  All   prices,   .but   none   are  high.  50c. 75c, $1, $1.50, $2.  420-422 Westminster Ave  McARTHUR   if*   LOUGHEAD,  CORNER    STQQE.  Dry Goods, Small Wares, House Furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  SALMAGUJVDI.  "Ha!" exclaimed.-the flrst-flea. "BeJn  on a vacation, ehV" "Well," returned  ���the second ilea, "I've been on a tramp  for a. montli."  Shoppers  on  the  Avenue      '  Would Uo well to make a note oi our store,  Because we can fill miiuy u want lor n small price in any ot the follow lng lines:  Stationery,  Fancy   Goods,   Games,   Toys,   1903   Calendars, Christmas Cards,  Books, Including  To>   Books, Ifenty Scries, Elsie Scries, Boys' Own Annual and  Chatterbox.  o  XVe nsk your tnide on the basis of mutual interests.  Century $u))|)I(j Company,  Near City Oracery 442 Westmingter Avenue  MONTREAL  CIGARMAKERS.  The general public of Canada hardly  lonoivs that the ciffarmakere of Montreal are engaged in one of tlie longest  and bitterest struggles labor has encountered for years, yet lit is so, and  lias been, for the past six months.  To mate the public understand something of 'the controversy we must go  ���Kick to the Spring of MOO. On April  Itth, 1300, the 'firm of 'L. O. Grotihe &  Co., also J. Hireah, Sons & Co., closej  their doors to union employees because  Ihey dared to ask for a decrease in the  apprentice system then- In venue in  JH.lt99 respective factories.   The etrug-  8te was snore uuiei       closed their doors to such of their  employees as were members of the Ci-  Banmakers' union. After six days of  lateness we succeeded In reaching the  following agreement: "All apprentices  wiho were indentured at 'the time the  trouble arose were to remain in the  factories, but no more were to be taken  on till the number was Teduced to five  to each shop."  The cigarmakers'had good grounds  for their demands, a."' it meant their  lives and the lives of those whom God  committed to their care. Medical men  the world over have cried down the  tobacco evil, yet little children of ten  der years were employed Jn some of  Bus cigar factories' of Montreal and  aurroundlng towns for 10 and 11 Oiours  1>er day, and-sometimes longer, while  - Journeymen cigarmakers were oblipred  to walk'the streets two and three days  a week, and often weeks at a time.  "Why? -Because those little ones were  talking 'their places, working cheaper,  and enriching their employers with  their little lives.  In Interviews after the agreement  aett-ling the ���apprentice question, three-  fourths of the manufacturers complained as to the prices paid in the different  factories, and suggested that the prices  ifliould be made uniform. In order to  meet this, we decided last March to revise our bill of prices, so as to make lt  acceptable for all, the very bill of  prices we aopted having been paid by  a number of manufacturers quite a  ���umber of years.  In the course of the week ending  April 20th, WM, all manufacturers were  presented .with a copy of the revised  Mil of prices. The result was that on  tlie 19th all employees heard the same  otory from the head of those self-same  firms, and others, who -a year ago 'had  oslkcd for a uniform bill of prices, -as  they felt that when a cigar sold for  tbe same money the same price should  be pmid ln the making. "If you wish  ���to continue on'In my employ after to-  <lay you must sever your connection  with the Cigarmakers' oinlon. Come to  work to-morrow with no organization  to govern you, otherwise you leave  tiore to-night, never to,return," they  Bald.  Every employee of the 14 factories  now on strike In. the evening parceled  tlielr tools and q.uit, and have been  locked out since. Slaves are not bought  and sold to-day In -the public-marttet,  tout there Is a slavery greater than ever  was endured across the border going  on in 'eome.of the cigar factories ot  Montreal every day. A glance at.our  bill'of prices ,-wlll show that we do. not  demand more'than is paid-in the-dlffer-  entpo.rts[ofjOntarlo.  IFor an Illustration, take Toronto,  "(rtiewltvJng, ja just] ai.-cheap aai'in  are asking here. Hamilton cigarmakers are paid $1.50, $2 and $3 more than  we are asking; and so on In all the  cities where cigars are made In Ontario.1 Manitoba and British Columbia  have even higher prices; the former  pays $2 and $3 higher, and the latter  tA and $5 more, on all makes of cigars.  Our 'Iblll of prices ranges from $6  to $7 per thousand on mold work. If  employed full time (six days a week),  cigarmakers might, on that class of  work, average between $10 and $12 a  we��fk.  Before we go any further, let it be  said that cigarmaking is a very peculiar trade. For instance, if it rains,  or it the weather is damp, the tobac-  to gets damp, and is not fit to te work"  ed; therefore we must lay off in winter. The cold also greatly affects us,  and therefore a great deal of our time  is lost.  Is It any wonder lhat we have revolted and are Idle to-day? We will  leave tho public to judge for themselves, and we believe ail falr-m!indcd  people will approve and uphold us, as  we are only asking fair prices, fair  conditions and justice.  ���It is strAnge to say that iMcNulty,  McKay & Co., who were paying the  prices asked for, threw the men out  at the same 'time as the others, and  are now employing boys andi girls.  Tho proprietors of the Stonewall  Jackson cigar, the universal demand  for which throughout Canada was created by the union label, who also wen  paying the prices, followed the rest,  and are now using machines and employing boys and girls.  Although the Stonewall Jackson 'wos  being made by non-union people outside the city, the Ann continued for  months to advertise the same as union  made, and also used union labels on  cigars which they had no moral right  to do.  Manufacturers, in their desire to  crush the cigarmaTcers, leased machines  and 'Ailed the newspapers with articles  tending to make the public believe that  they could supply the trade with better wonk than that of the men.  Our experience warrants us to say  that no machine can and will ever replace t,he hand In the cigar trade.  There is also another thing that .io  doubt is not known outside of the  tradeT  "Pa, who was it first said 'Delays  are dangerous?' " "Oh, I dunno. Some  fellow that was engaged to his wile  a long, long time, I suppose."  "I have a very short memory," nald  Willie s Washington self-accuslngly.  "One would never ithink it from the  stories you tell," answered Miss Cayenne sweetly.  '"I Ihear, Mrs. Jones, thut your hus-  Uuid has two revolvers and a Winchester rifle for any burglars who  may call." "He had, tout they came  the other night and stole tliem."  "I  like  a play  with a good,   husky  villain  in it,"  remarked  the  Ingenue.  "I would rather have one wdth a ffood,  Uiusky angel  back of It," replied   the j  comedian.���Philadelphia "Record.  Borus���"Naggus, I'm getting out a  Utile piumphlet descriptive of tho gam;  of skat. Give me a good name for It,  will you?" Naggus���"Well, call' it 'A  Skit on Skat, by a Skate.'"���Clilcaar)  Tribune.  The Place to Stop.  Edgar���Is your rather l'_uvoi-able to  my love for you, Ethel? Ethel���Oh,  yes; everybody gets along with pa unless they try to borrow money of him.  ���'Detroit Free Press.  era. It was found a little too radical  for them, and they no longer kept step  with Its Newest march. "Of course I  now can see that such a paper was  foredoomed to failure," ithe editor said  after he hud recited the early history  of 'his venture.. "I confess It was pretty  strong even for British radicals. After  ���the circulation lhad dwindled down to  the extremists I succeeded in alienating about half of them by denouncing  social democracy as feudal oppression,  and tlhe other half .left me when I attacked atheism on the score of its superstitious tendencies. After tlint I  ran the paper as long as I could without any subscribers. But I had to give  it up. Nobody would read It except  myself, and toward the end I had to  give up reading It myself. I found it  too unsettling.   So it Mopped."'  I YOU'LL ^EEB> HEAT $  T Before long now.   The best heaters made ���  ^ ���-th? cheapest to buy and the most eco  nomical to use are the  ����� fAMOUS��  J made by the McClary Mfg. Co  AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE  BUKNKRS.  A  I  t  % Wm. RALPH, 126 Hastings St I  ^ SOLE AGENT ��  ,' Drink Bed Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  -I I ���' '   i   -  llHwrn yon'treat' t�� bir�� a tlnrt-hHmw  Montreal.   The clgamta&oeirs are paid I hoot unt txmtCT,  go ' to the  Falj___o  \%L $2, $3 per thousand'more than v.eliiTwryfltob8��i:';,Tilep&��B�� IB.   '���''���<���'"��������� ���  The worfkiiianshiip ln a cigar is  Just aa essential as the quality of the  tobacco used. There is as much difference between a hand-made cigar  and a 'machine-mode cigar no 'between  a two-cent cigar and a 10-oent one.  A hand-made cigar ia always superior  to any other, notwithstanding the fact  t'hat ilt may be made of Inferior tobacco. This Is the position as It stands  to-day. If you don't care for machine-  made cigars, 'be sure that the Blue Label of the Cigarmakers' International  union la on the box; lt Ib the only  guarantee that the public has 'ajrilnst  machine and child labor.  In conclusion, we de_rfre to express  our most sincere thanks to organized  lalbor and ther pulbllc in general for the  may expressions of sympathy tendered  us since the beginning of our struggle  OIGiAlRMiAKERS' UNION, No. SS, OF  MONTREAL.  Girls, Girls!  Hiss Sharpe���Y��s, 'he Was pleased to  say I was the nicest girl ihe 'knew. Tou  must'have heard him say it. 'Miss Jel-  lus���Oh, yes, I heard Ihim, but it was  such a surprising remark I could  scarcely trust my gars wlhen��� Miss  Sharpe���The idea! Your ears are certainly old enouffh land big enough ito be  trusted.  A Tint.  "Are you a drinking .man?" said the  lady of the hoUSe to the 'applicant for  food at 'the back door. "Indeed, I'm  not, ma'am," replied the weary one.  "Well, your nose looks very suspicious!" "Oh, dat's not liquor, ma'am,  does d'at. I'<ve been ln the mountaltu,  ma'am, and dat's one of those autumnal tints you hear about."  " Unpractical Man.  Cooke���It's surprising how unprac  tical some men are. Brooke���Why,  how's that? Codke���Well, there's Pro  fessor Llnguisit, for example. He Kpent  the best part of his life acquiring fluency In nlrte or ten different languages aiid then went and married a  wife who never gives lilm a chamce lo  get,a word in edgeways.  A Lawyer's Ad.  There is one Iowa lawyer iwho disregards the ethics of tihe profession and  uses advertising of a unique nature.  The following is a copy of his la-test  letterhead: "Tom H. Miller, lawyer.  Practices In every court on this earthly 'ball, expert title perfector and .buys  and sells mortgages and makes loans.  Am the red-headed, smooth-faced,  freckle-punctured Legal Napoleon of  the Slope, and always in the saddle.  Active as the Nocturnal Feline. Leonine in Battle, but Gentle as a Dove.  'Fees are the sinews of wax.' " Mr. Mll-  ner's residence Is Belle Plaine, Iowa  He is a lawyer of ability, and has ae-  quh-ed a reputation as a criminal attorney. His practice extends all over  the State.���Ex.  An Irishman itook a contract to dig  a public well. When (he hold dug about  25 feet down, he came one morning and  found it caved iin���filled nearly to the  topT^Pat looked cautiously"roundup!  saw that no one was near, then, took  oft his ihat and coat and hung tliem  on the windlass, crawled Into some  bushes and awaited events. In a short  time the citizens discovered that the  welll ihad caved dn, and, seeing Bat's  hat and coat on the windlass, they  supposed he was al the bottom of the  excavation. Only a few ihours of brisk  digging cleared the loose earth from  the well. Just as the eager citizens  'Wa'd reached the bottom and were wondering where the body .was, Pat oame  walking out of the bushes and good  naturedly thanked them for relieving  him of a rosy iob.  An Experiment In Journalism.  Once there -was a really radical paper, in London: Jt was,.but tihe man  who made it now lives here and itells  the tale. It was one of those .papers  which Jare a tragedy. They-represent  the wreck of the enthusiasm of strong  men wiho must find the outlet.for (lhelr  apostolate. Thlsfpaper (began by being at Odds with aH that was established, aiid It-hid renders.,.But aa tine  want on Ithe man ,who made the paper  drove off ste<ly aiid in groups all those I  POSTAL EMPLOYEES UNION.  The  regular  meeting of the    aibove  union   took  place   at   their  rooms  In  union hnll.   A large amount of correspondence was read from tlie different  branches throughout the country as to  many matters, amongst which may be  [ mentioned  the efforts being put forth  by the men to induce the government  to change the make and style of letter  carriers' clothing, and their desire to  have the clothing manufactured in the  towns where the men reside.   Sntsifac-  tory reports were received on this matter and Jt is expected that as an outcome of this union's efforts  the government are inclined to the latter proposition.    At any rate, If the clothing  are locally made It will ensure better  material and a proper lit.  Delegates' Report.  After the disposal of the correspond  ence the report of the delegate to the  convention was read and considered.  He reported that efforts were made by  the convention to Interview the postmaster-general whilst they were Jn sea  slon, but owing to the visit of the Duke  and Duchess to Ottawa at the same  time as our meeting, the Hon. Mr. Mulock could only give our representatives twenty minutes Interview to talk  over '(he numerous range of subjects  which had been prepared for him. The  matter of the change of unifoim was  the only question he would allow to  be discussed, and then only in a hasty  and to ihim naturally pre-occupled  manner. His head was full of royalty,  and he could not be bothered rwlth our  complaints. It will 'be remem'berad  Chat when the representatives of lab_>r  bodies and others, members of parliament, Messrs. (Ralph Smith, G. R. Maxwell, A. XV. Puttee and many others Interviewed him on our ibehalf at the  last session of the Qiouse on the question of an Increase of wages, he. was  then at that time1 In a very great hurry  to be off. 'It was Australia that time,  and he could not give .sufficient time  for our representatives to lay the matter before 'Mm. There always seems  something to prevent him giving proper time and attention to matters which  very much affect the happiness and the  betterment of conditions of those Immediately under Ills care and control.  In regard to the increase of wages  question, that is left iln the hands of  the Trades and La,bor Congress, with  which body this union Is affiliated,  who have promised toibring.the matter  up in the house next session. Efforts  were also made to bring under the  postmaster-general's notice the nonpayment of the statutory increase, b'lt  nothing was done, for the reason already stated, and the only hope we  have ds in the friends we have In the  house to call attention to it during  the next session. Respectable private  firms do not, unless for n-ery good reasons, .withhold the promised Increase  of wages due their employees, but this  government repudiates their obligations 'to .their workers and up to now  no reason or excuse is given therefor.  McLennan,  McFeely & Co.  ���WHOLESALE AND  RETAIU DEALERS  IN '  ***�� Hardware  ���MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTffiJNITION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ���� CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  03T Headquarters for  Domestic and Im-  [)ortcd Clears and Smoking Sundries.  $3.50 SHOES  This line is a wonder, G. W  lined  i une is a wonucr, ��. w.   Leather   J�� '"���.    a  d, latest styles, light or lieiivv sole,  ���ih'jff***, amjaja        wkALW  ~. ��� �����  union made yop wien  U. MILLS,  10 Cordova St  |Fall and Winter Underclothing.  Our shelves nre fairly groaning under the weight of new fall and  winter underclothing we have just opened up and piled thereon.'  They are all the lateat ideas in underclothing manufactute���various  colors and textures���all sizes���the prices are as low aa you could" hope  to get any where���lower than you are accustomed to get at most places.  Wc want to show them to you anyway���coine in.  JOHNSTON, KERfOOT if* CO.  104- and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|>|>. vfm. Ralph's.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. SQkc box.  McDowell, "Atkins. Watson Co.  Another important question was reported on, namely, the afllllatlon of the  entire body of postal workers with the  Trades and Labor Congress of Canada.  This question was thoroughly dlscus.ied  at the convention, and instructions  were elven to our executive to obtain  all possible Information and submit  the same to the UlfBerent branches, !'0  that the matter will be decided at tho  next convention. This loeul union made  very 3trong representation on the subject through Its delegate, and It Is satisfactory ta know thnt this desirable  object may ibe attained iln the near future. "Winnipeg ls the city selected for  the meeting of the next convention.  The Letter Carriers of the Dominion  will renew their efforts to'obtain a 20  per cent. Increase. One year ago a national agitation was made, and the  government promised to maike .provisions for a, general Increase next year.  The Letter Carriers wish to (keep the  promise jtrominent.���Tho Voice.   "  it  '-l  H  n  n  n  o  n  o  <>  o  <>  o  o  <i  BUSINESS  FOB HEALTH FOOPS, NUT BUTTER,  BKOMOBK, GRANOI.A, CARAMEL  CEREAL, GRANOSE BISCUIT, MALTED CEREAL, ETC., ETC.  demands a large number of our graduates in March. A course.takes 6 or 7*  months, so you should begin NO"W, or  we will be short. We are running!:  short now! We can .plaoe between 75.  and 100 boys every year. To-day (we-,  haive none. No aiffloulty'.to place aU.  the girds you oeand us. 'Remember we-  keep 'them till they are in a attuaOon..  iflrwni i'jiiiii..v  Tlie IF.B.A. Vogel Commercial College  P. O. Box 347.  Vancouver, B, C_A,  FORD'S   GROCERY,  Tel. 72S.   23 Hastings St. E.  '�����������������������������������������  aoooocooci  DELICIOUS WINE  Made Exclusively kkov B. C. Fkuit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS   UNION-MADE  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  A. Mi. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AUD RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Ike Mint.'  Is located ��t'the corner of Carrall and  Hastings BtreeUj^ The bottled goods'are  _   all .first-class- and the prices !right for  wbo bad begun '-by'- fein* Ma Npvsrt-1 every one.   Seattle Rainier beer,5cents.  Notices.  NOTICK. 18 HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT THE  next rcgultr Bitting ol tha Board of License  ConimliMotiora (or tbe City ot Vancouver I  nhall npply (or a Hotel License (or the promltca  ���Ituated on Lot! 18.19, 20, Block fil, lUbdiTlilon  o( District Lot 1H1, known aa the London, corner  Powell and Hawko ttrcoti, la tho said City of  Vancouver.  (Blined)        CHAS. DASHWAY.  Vancouver, rlor. 2, 1001.  I W.D.  When maklntr a trip around the  ri: call on  Park  .Inruia Brockton Point  tlUIieS     Lighthouse  Saoaooeeeeaoseoeeeeeoeeoa!  $ :   GEO. HAY  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Renovator, makea a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  218 Cambie Br., Vamoouteb.  '.'���>. ( ���.i* * *.    ii  Independent  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH  DAILY  '  MONTREAL BAKERY  WC8TMIK8TKB AVINCB.  Old Books  Wanted  -ATU '  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE^  14, Arcade ,   ' ���


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