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The Independent Nov 23, 1901

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 -'-rrri _n "���"'"?���r  niV "t mi^s.c  -j^.  ���  SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A MR  "Wage-eaxnera should subscribe, because this .paper  is published oa their organ.  B. C. FEBHAHEKT WM m  HIIMH!   flA  Authorized Capital   -   ��_0,tOO,rH��  Siib-cnlnnlCupitiil   -   ���    l,iW,��0O  A.M,ci����ivur    ....        .100,001)  Head Otl'mo 821 Camblo tilred, Vancouver, B. C. '  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 23, 1901.  NO. 9.  LABOR'S   PARLIAMENT   MEETS.  V  ���' The Province" Editorial���Political Action���" Labor Commissioner"���Violation of Alien Labor Act���School  Recreation Grounds.  . PresWiedT- Crow 'occupied the' chair J at heirt. ��� Your Committee would  ������ sx Thursday . night's meeting ot the  " Trades oand Labor Council. There  . . was present a good attendance. J.  Bales, Mainland Steamshlpuien'fl union,  -' J. A. Stewart, of the Barbers' union,  ' and.John Armstrong, ot th�� Amalga-  ��� > mated Society of Engineers, presented  ' credentials   andi, 'took   their  seats n.s  delegates.   ' .  '��    The clerks reported that they had  * passed unanimously a .vote, of confl-  xdenoo in the City Grocery, and that  ' Mr. Duke, the manager, had always  " been a valuable assistant of the union.  , , Ceorge S. B. Perry, eecretajty; school  ���' board, wrote that that body had adopt-  ' cd Uio following: "That In reply to  tbe secretary of the Trades nnd Labor  Council, the board regrets that no provision ,has beeni made in the city for  suitable recreation grounds, and would  , lie pleased to grant oertasn grounds  Hor the purpose named, provided prop-  'cr security'ibe given' by responsible  ���parties for making good all damages,  aad for the prevention of any nuisance .through,tlhe Use of the grounds  as requested; also 'that' the Mount  Pleasant, Roberts and1 Seymour |  grounds are not at present _r_ lit condition to be used as Indicated; further  that In the past the board has not  fcecn negligent of' the interests of the  children in the matter, and that  the  h   I  same privileges  asf requested  by. tlie  Trades and Labor.1 Council have'been  granted Jn several Instances, the same  .   condition regaiding' guarantee placed  r by the boaird having also been observ-  ��� ed."  Received.       ... -     ���  -  .j.* -Krnie-Stree&Rallway Men'a union, of  Victoria, forwarded ^10 to the fishermen's defence fund. Filed.  The, Amalgamated Society" of" Gnr-  ��� penters and Joiners enclosed! $2, as a  second contribution to the flshermen'_t  ���defence fund.      '  \ v'  ���From the deputy-minister 'of justice,  Ottawa, adknowledglng receipt of resolutions of council.   Filed. '    _  . BVom   Lewis ' E.v  Murphy,   secretary  Brockville Trades and Labor Council,  re non-union goods, was handed to tlhe  1 Molldera''union .to,look^into. ",<      )     ,  �� . -Toronto' Tradas and l<aibor Council  ���vi ate.  enclosing copy of petition   to  tho Dominion Government're alien la-  , bor. law, to be endorsed. t Petition re-  , ferred to, parliamentary, committee.  A communication from the Interna-  ,,       i t ^  ttonal Longshoremen's association, ,re  organization matters. Referred to oi-  Kanlzlng committee.       *     '  "i '  Your Parliamentary Committee wish  to hand In the following reports:  FIRST���RE LABOR COMMISSIONER.  Your Committee finds the following.  upon careful Investigation and enquiry  Into the matter referred to them, regarding ' the Laibor Commissioner-  That the officer appointed was clothed  with authority to deal with,oases arising out of the act governing contract  lnbor. In this Province; -that atmen'l  menu made'ito the act'dunng the last  session of Parliament, transferred that  power to those Immediately concerned,  ~iri" ith"af"actlonr"could~bc'"taken7wtthoat  first receiving the consent of the Government. Consequently/the duties for  ���which thVGovernment created the olllce  belng_ transferred by the amended act  to the'jveopfe,'the" Government* saw fit  to < abolish   the  oflice  as constituted.  ���,    .. -     i   ��  ,   -       i  But your'Committee*.thlnflra that the  term used to designate'ithe officer appointed, ' namely,,."Labor Commissioner,"  XVag Misleading,  >���'     - . i - i".  Jn that many thought that the said officer was empowered to.deal ,wlth all  questions arising out of labor.      Your  , Committee "is.also of opinion that there  ii-  ., Ample Room  ')!>���<;  In this Proviifccfor a genuine Labor  Commissioner, vested with proper powers, and clothed with the 'proper authority granted under am AOt of Parliament, whoso.''duties <���would be defined  In .said aot.....-  .... ,  And your Committee firmly believes  j.fc....�� ^  thait Bttch an officer, with proper pow-  cnl-l(pale(^,^udigvienbll'wouldAbe to'  the general,Interest, not,only of labor-  era, ,but to every one,who ban, the true  Interests and welfare of the Dominion  therefore *    ;'    *  \ "     Recommend  that the minister of labor be communicated with regarding the matter of appointing la'bor commissioners, with proper powers denned under an aot. Your  Committee would therefore ask for the  authority of this Council to draft * a  letter to said minister. In which the  benefits of said aot could be dealt with,  so that it con be submitted to the various councils In this Province, asking  them to co-operate with us, so that concerted action may be taken ln this  matter'at an early date. ,  SECOND���RE POLITICAL   ACTION.  "With" regard to the communications  submitted to us about taking political  action, we wish to report as follows:  First, that In our opinion, If the true  o  cause of reform ls to make steady, substantial progress, lt must be Instituted  and carried out on broad, liberal lines,  care being taken that  'All Sections *<���  of'thewe interested in reform be duly  represented from its very inception.  Second, that the sentlmeiuts expressed  In the communications "that all our  representatives, etc.? be from union  men, out of our own ranks," does not  cover the above conditions; but adopts  the narrow prescriptive pollcy-of nominating: only members of trades unions  upon th��lr ticket. We believe In labor  going into politics in support of ^its  principles and its friends; but we are  opposed 'to a movement of this kind  of any class claiming a"monopoly right  to rule, not only over itself,'but over  all other classes. x  , A Real Labor, Movement  should Include ailtmen. engaged ^productive industry, whether employees or  employers, and .whether members of  trades-unions or not, so long as they  aie In sympathy -with the cause. Any  otlier kind of a lalbor movement, will  prove subversive and destructive of  the very ends.most loyal and sensible  trades-unionists hope, to accomplish.  If you form a "union la'bor .party,"'  which you may have a perfect right to  do; but if you do, then you have no  right���in fact, lt would be impudence  ���to ask support from those you have  proscribed. "We,.therefore, favor political action on a more broad and  Progressive Basis,  whereby all who hold similar views and  ideas can join, together in a common  cause, united in'.fighting monopoly���  our common enemy���wliose great'bul-  wark Is special privilege." If, therefore,  trades unions are to take any part in  this movement, it should just be 'the  initiative in starting a political organization on some such basis as herein  suggested. '  THIRD-RE "THE PROVINCE" EDITORIAL.    -  Your committee begs leaive to report  as   follows   on   the  editorial   extracts  referred to them by this council, which  were published in the Dally Province  of October 30th,    1901:    "Our   Ottawa  critics may well feel chagrined by a  comparison of this province with   the  state^ofTWashington, _or, indeed,_wlth  any of the western stales of the Union.  It is true that they have their labor  troubles over there, as we have them  In Canada, but iin the United   States  they flght them out themselves, and on  definite and well-understood lines, and  they do not allow foreign interference  or    foreign    dictation."    The    United  States may not allow '^interference or  'foreign dinctation" in the settlement ol  their labor disputes, .as the   Province  says, but your committee believes that  Interference or foreign  dictation   has  played, and   will   continue to piny, In  the interests of large corporations not  only In the United States, but in British Columbia, a very prominent part  ln the settlement of labor disputes on  ibotih sides of the line.   In connection  wl'h this serious question,  lt is only  Jurt to organised laibor that we point  out to .the Province the   well-known  fact that the Atlantio .seaboard .has  ,  been the ��� '" ' > |  i'   sl , |  Dumping Ground , 1  for'-.thft'bifscourlhga of Europe, just in  the same ratio as the Pacific const has  _KI X   >,.   j     ,  (,        ,     . j It  been, made .the rendezvous of Chinese  and Japanese.   Hundreds of thousands   In  of this -worthless class of pauper labor  havo poured Into the United States for  years past, and it is from tliis "interfering and foreign dictation' that unscrupulous employers of labor have always depended upon as a certain recruiting ground for laborers when they  wanted to oppress organized labor,  and this foreign horde huve played  many pairts In the settlement of labor  disputes "on definite and well-understood lines' thought out and fought  out by capitalists on both sides of the  line, and in British Columbia particularly. The Province sees on to say  that "In the United States the workingman Is as loyal to his country as  the capitalist could possibly be. *Un a  great"many respects he ls much more  soi In Canada, on the ether hand; we  speaJB now'for British Columbia, we  have to be continually reassuring ourselves of our own patriotic sentiments."  Tour coriianitte believes that the worlc-  lngrnen of this country have ever been  more loyal to the land of their birth  than the capitalist, and we hold that  the 'British Columbia workingman ls  no exception to that rule.  A Baser Slander  on British Colunibla workingmen has  never been printed1 In any< paper than  the one Just quoted from the Province,  and reported by that paper exclusively. "When to read of the bloodstained  sands of Africa, where 'hundreds of colonists have given up their lives on the  altar of their country; when we read  of the notable surrender of Cronje, the  lion of Africa, at Paardeberg, whjre  Canadians displayed so much courage,  and took such a prominent part; when  We read of the great sacrifices mtid��  by our own British Columbia contingent;** when we read 'how the troops  received the grateful thanks of our late  lamented Queen at "Windsor, your committee cannot find words strong enough  to condemn the unwarranted attacks  of this corporation controlled paper  on the rank and file of British Columbia workingmen. To add Insult to injury, this subsidized paper goes on to  say, ','and continually pointing out, In  ,      ��� -, ��� *.,.(.*'--*   ,^.j*     - . ,��� .2..'-^  the event of lalbor, strikes, - that our  workingmen are dominated from  abroad, and lhat consequently we ar2  under every disadvantage in trying to  effect -a settlement" It,is a lamentable fact that British Columbia has  been during the last six months  The Battle Ground  of three grave labor disputes.'namely:  the trackmen's strike, the fishermen's  strike andsthe~ Rossland minere. strike.  The first two were won by organized  laibor, and the last one is still being  bitterly fought with a certainty of the  miners winning out: These labor disputes would have been settled in a few-  days if the capitalists had not steppad  into the arena and openly violated thp  alien act by importing foreigners, it  is true organized labor in the province  of Britlsh'Columbla is "dominated by  foreigners," but let us look into this  Important matter and see whether It is  organized laibor who use this foreign  olement 'to further their, own ends' or  whether it7ls the mine owners, canners  or tlie C. P. R. Your committee beg to  ask the editor of the Province to lo>k  the matter 'squarely In the face. During the trackmen's strike hundreds of  foreigners were brought Into this province by the C. P. R. agents to talte  the place of striking traokmen, and, although every effort was made by the  labor unions to have this wholesale  Importation of aliens stopped, lt was of  no_avail,_nor___did _the Ndatly_Provlnce  render the workingmen any assistance  to attal nthnt end. Tlie editor of thp  Province knows this to be a fact, and  yet this paper has the audacity lo  claim that our workmen are  "Dominated by Foreigners,"  which renders It very difficult to have  labor disputes settled here. With re  gard to the fishermen's strike, lt is  noteworthy that the cannerymen have  not only tried but succeeded in a gieat  measure of "dominating our workmen  by foreigners." The employment of  Japs and Chinese by thousands, the  ipenKteutlon of wihlte fishermen by  Japs, through whose instrumentality  several fishermen were conlfined In Jail  for(inonths, und even refused ball, although they had been guilty of no  wrpng-dolng, which was proved by  competent juries both in Vancouver  and New Westminster, shows to what  extent our workmen ,are "dominated  by foreigners,", who are employed by  the capitalists to crush the white mah  out of  existence. 'The   bitter strike  "dominating our "workmen by foreigners."   Bernard Macdonald,  Of "Bull Pen" Fume,  the manager of the Rossland mines,  was the cause of this strike. For  months his agents have been scouring  tho United States for men to fill the  places of the striking miners at Rossland. This open violation of our laws  has been going on for months, and yet  tho Province throws out the Insinuation that our workingmen are dominated by foreigners, and that we are  under every disadvantage in trying to  effect a settlement. The Province ls a  public newspaper, claiming to have a  wide circulation. It shouuld exercise  a wonderful power In directing and  shaping legislation beneficial to the  business interests and the harmonious  woriking of capital and labor, but when  It deliberately publishes an editorial in  wMch it criticizes the members of organized labor for not being patriotic,  and asserts that they are "dominated  by foreign influences" which retards  the development and opening up of the  vast resources of this great common,  wealth, your committee believe that  the daily Province Is deserving of censure at the hands of every working-  man, not only in the city of Vancouver, but throughout the' Province of  British Columbia.  STRUGGLE FOR JiXISTlM.  On motion the tluee items were discussed seperately, whon No. 1, re labor  commissioner, was approved of by a  unanimous vote; No. 2, re political action, \.as referred to the unions for  further consideration; No. 3, re the  Province editorial, was adopted.  The organization committee reported  that the electrical workers had duly  organized a union with over 4ft members. The prospects with thait body for,  a strong organization were! bright.  The Carpenters stated that they  havg established the Saturday half-  hollday all the year round. A requ"st  was made that members would assist  them in enforcing,that rule.  The council's attention was drawn to  an infrlngement.of the alien labor law,  by a company employing electrical engineers. An Investigation will ibe made  Into the matter.  The receipts 'of the evening were  $121.50. After a report had been made  on bills and warrants the council adjourned.    '    '  .  . THE BARBERS.  Barbers' union, No. 120, beld Its regular meeting on Wednesday nlg"it.  President Isaacs occupied the chair.  After disposing of the minutes and  other routine work, Mr. J. A. Stewart  was elected a delegate to the Trades  and Labor Council, vice J. A. Dibden,  resigned. A committee was appointed  to gather information regarding the license laws for this province!. The ball  committee reported that all arrangements have been perfected for the annual celebration which will be held, on  the evening of Thanksgiving day, November 2Sth. This year It will be a  masquerade ball and supper in the  O'Brien hall. The grand march will  take place at 8.45 shanip! The music  will be by the ftl. P. Q. C. orchestra,  and Wm. Ross will act as master of  ceremonies. Tickets have been place!  at the nominal . sum of 50 cents foi-  ladles, and $1 for gentlemen. The In-'  vltatlons are' not tiansteia'blo, and  must be presented at the ' door, an I  masks raised. Pi esident Geo. Isaacs is  ex-oftlclo of the committee, which comprise J. A. Stewart (chaiiman), A. H.  Leggatt (secretary). J. II. Stevens, C.  D. Morgan and J. A. Da-, ld.cn. Call on  the comlmittee as early as possible for  your admission cards.  At tho Central Congregational church,  holding services temporarily in  O'Biicn's hall, there \\i_s a ciowded  audience on Sunday evening1 to hea-  the first of a series of sermons ou  "Man and His Money," by the Re  W. A, Viooman. The sermon produced  a deep impression and this new and  growing congregation Is very likely to  be uncomfortably crowded in their  present quarters before they are able  to move into the Homer street church,  which they will occupy the first Sunday ln January.  The text chosen was "The whole creation groaneth and tiavallefh in pain  until now." In part, the very able  speaker said: This fact modern science  calls  The Struggle for Existence.  Science finds in this struggle a law of  evolution and calls it natural selection,  anad tells ais of the "survival of thi  fittest." Every living creature is  plunged at <J>lrth into a battle for life.  In the general melee those .best adapted to escape by superior mean3 or de-  fence' or to conquer by superior methods of attack survive and transmit  their superiority to posterity. By  struggle and conflict nature, perfects  her work. The whole creation groaneth in pain until now. Nature literally  perfects her children on the field of  battle. There is no pity. Relentlessly  nnd ruthlessly the weak are crowdad  to the wall and destroyed. A premium  is set on ' ''  Force  and,Fraud.  Instincts   are   developed    as well as  claws,  fangs and poisons.    Rates of  aniimals in history are like the nations  For general bargains in giocerles go  to The City Grocery.  The members of the Freight-handlers' union and their friends will have  a smoker Tuesday night. A good time  is expected, as the committee has  spared no polnsylir ananglng the pie  llmlnarles for a successful alTaii.  Mr. W. L. Mackenzie King, deputy  minister of labor of Ontario, called on  The Independent on Thursday. He is  pantloulaily well pleaded with the we.st.  Extra choice .salmon (new),  a tin.    At the City Grocery.  5 cents  D. G. 'Mackenzie 'has been promoted  to" the position of express agent at  Revelstoke. "Mac" 'has ibeen messenger  on the Seattle-Vamcover express.  Khaiki tea, unequalled for quality  tr_. __   _  _   -.Vw    ,-���-,��� ana richness of infusion,  guaranteed  which"lin3'been* waged so long aud absolutely pure,' as manufactured in  'wtlh'suoh'disastrous results to business   the gardens  in ' India, 25    cents    p*r  '-- iRossland,"1 wa8f brought  about  Dy | pound' package.' At The City Grocery.  of Europe, as one invents a new weapon of attack another discovers a new  armor of defence. Through ithis age of  long struggle animal creation perfects  Itself and evolves the complex organism from the simple. When men appear they enter also into the universal struggle, whipped on by hunger  and cold, by,_curiositjf-and passion, by  desire arid" ambition, by" love and "selfishness. The motive powei s of human  nature are many and the universe conspires to rob men of ease and idleness.  In giving him "reason" nature deprived  men of the physical weapons and .tools  and defences with which animals aie  endowed. He who can make an axe,  sword and rifle needs not an arsenal ai  pairt of bis anatomy. He ls cast upon  his own resources to invent weapons  and tools for himself. Men began life  by following  The Example of Nature  and enticed Into a'struggling fighting  career. From boomerang to battleship,  from plowshare to blast furnaces, his  history has been one of univeisal van-  fare and competition in which, force  and fraud were the means cf conquest  and the,weakest were crushed to th.  wall. This principle entered into every  department of life. In politics, society,  industry and commerce���and, ma..'  we not say, often dn i elision?���the maxim has governed "eveiy man for himself and the devil take the hindmost!"  This primeval law of selfishness Is pi reclaimed ln every hoof and 'hoi n. every  cla.w and fang of creation. The identity of this struggle ln human and In  animal life is evident.  Animals Fight,  and so do men Men, however, can v  on their deadliest battles under th:  banner of peace In the Intellecfual con-  fllct-for-mastcry-of-the-woild's-foicej.  From the scientific standpoint the presence of this biutal selfishness and cm-  elty ln human nature is an evldenc  of iblood relationship with the jungle.  Blood will tell. Heredity will disclose  the hidden pedigree. Sin then Is tli  remnants of the Ibrute not yet evolveJ  out of human nature. Theology calls  this chniacterlstlcs of human natuu  original y|n or deprmvlty. 'Science calh  It the Inheritance from the brutish  past. Both unite in condemning It ns  a dangerous and unworthy quality to  bo as speedily ns possible restrained  and exterminated. There nre some h no  contend that  The Course of Xntuis  Is the highest and ibest way of perfecting human life and of ennoblln? civilization. They say, let every one llqrht  the battle out and the fittest will survive. That ls the best thing which  could happen. But In the struggle for  existence this biological law' may perfect brutehood. and yet b> utalize m'nn;  hood.'    The fittest' to 'survive by this  ������  i   . , ������  .  law Is the one iwith the greatest Tone  or ounning.' 'The operation of this law  would produoe a society finally govern  ed by these qualities. This Is "not the  ideal of humanity. In thu animal  struggle moral considerations have no  place. There are no conscientious  scruples. There are no moral Ideals.  Tho fact should also be noticed that  In animal life competition Ls on freer  und more equal terms than ln human  life.  Competition ln Human Society  can never bo'ivvhat It is In lower lite.  No salmon has a title deed to the Fr.i-  s?r with power to send to the A.ictio  the poor little disinherited 'flsh who  do stand in with the government or  hold mortgages on the creeks. Men  enter into competition, some with enormous advantages and some miserably  and hopelessly handicapped. The result must ibe as the battle of naked  Indians with machine guns. The term*  of the struggle are from the beginning  unjust and unfair. The result of tha  struggle for existence in human life,  according to the ancient law of nature,  .Is seen in our city slums, ln drunkenness, prostitution and crime, in labor  under conditions that stupefy and brutalize the worker, in the' strife between  labor and capital, in commercial dishonor and  civic  corruption,   in  Anxieties and Cares  which take the heart -and happiness  out of three-fourths of the human race.  A oMlization may be developed by  this metjhod. Weapons of warfare may  be perfected. Ingenious inventions may  'recruit the ranks of the unemployed,  Intellectual life may be brilliant, art  may adorn cities with beauty, wealth  may accumulate, yet such, a society  may in reality be only^a pagan civilization-dominated by the great law of  the jungle., Our civilization to-day ia  not half Christianized. We have Christian men and women, but there is no *  Christian nation, nor have we; heard of  a Christian city. The hearts of Individual men and women have been converted to higher principles than   ,  The Law of the1 Jungle,  and the sea, but the soolal inst.tutlons  '  ot men are not -Christianized.    Christ  revealed unto, men a higher, law .of. so- _ l  cial life than has prevailed In hature.  He did mot enact it, ibut he revealed dt  as already in* the life of men and society  waiting  to  come .'to   its 'kingdom.  He  showed  that  the  law  of struggle  had its place in nature; but that tbe  law ot love must be supreme in humaa"  life and'society.   Selfishness may perfect an animal, but only love can perfect a man or establish happiness and   -.  peace among men.   So under/Chrlst the  urtflt according to nature's 'law beconie(  the objects of special care. *'  He Rpveraes Natuie./  He exalts the spiritual man in contrast with the natural man. > If nature  would sentence the poor and -naik ta  death Christ summons them to Hte>_.  He commands^ men .to see in thei>-  hearts this Ian of love and to make  it supreme, Instead of the brute impulse of selfis-hness Tlie great bamer  to the progiess of Christianity to-day-  Is the social organization that has developed out of the ages of struggle for  existence. It is full of injustice. It Is  unchristian ln its practices and laws.  Chiisclanity calls for love, and lt en-  thiones foice Christianity demands so-  cnl co-opeiation and nt compels'competition. Christianity requires Justice  and it rewards fiaud. Christianitv  teaehes biotherhood and It Is oiganized  selfishness Chilst seeks 'first the're-  geneiation of the Individual hsa:t by  converting It to his  ~ IdesPl"br "Lbve7~~ T~  and by Impaitlng to the soul power to  follow him But the ultimate object is  that God's 'kingdom may come and His  u 111 he -done on e*ai th as it Is in heaven, and that the kingdom* of this  world may become the kingdoms or  God and of His Chilst. If you have^  Ideals of social bettei ment you vv III find  your chief power to realize them In  Jesus Christ. Ills conception of the  Kingdom of God Includes every good  thing for every child of man. Social  transfoi matlons nnd developments will  come as nipldly as we apply the principles of his teachings to_ the solution  of our social and economic problems.  We Need Men  eveiy where in    sympathy    with    his  Ideals to proclaim and ,practice i those  principles ot brotherhood aiid;(justice -  ln legislation, commerce and Industry,  which will remove gradually the social  evils of the present time and_ Christianize the state. ,        _        ,'   ���  "  ���iThe, subject next Sunday evening^ is-  "The | Social Vices of ,Gi*ecd." .  , , ,  '_>"  i;  il  '"GInster" snnps.   four pounds ' for  cfnt��.\At The'City Grocery!'  -/  "-  %v<  f r   - 1  . - _..!iv_..  <v^,",:.'  '       -     -   ��� '     - , . <��� to.    / r  ...jv M-*'i. "i,.-ayt.  .j, r'A'.  ' '       '   ������'_'.   HI    ."f"  ���:?l|  '?-:?--&i THE INDEPENDENT.  SATHntDAT NOVEMBER 23, 19W  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISHED    WEEKLY  IN  THE IN-  TBRBSl'S OF TIIE MASSES  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM-  ifa. PANY.  BASHM'KNrr     OF     FLACK     UttiOCK,  IlASTlNliS  STREET.  VAN-  coi:vi:r, b. c  si;i.scRii"nc)Ns in advance.  A vveok. 5 cents; month, in cents; throe  months, ."."��� cxiiis; six months, ft cents;  ��miu year, $l._fi.  ENDORSED BY TIIE TRADES AND  LABOR ' COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LiARCHt PARTY AiND TUB  BUILDING TKADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY NOVEMBER 23, 1301  THE LOGGING INDUSTRY.  There is a ipetltion to the Provincial  government at present being circulated  by the loggers,  for certain 'alterations  to   the   laws governing  logging;    One  matter' asked   for   Is, that the  Doylc-  Scribler system of scaling be instituted.  fflhls system was in vogue, till 1S��5 or  '96, when a joint deputation representing ithe millmen and loggers waited on  the-ministry at ..Victoria andi a4ked for  ithe repeal of theiaw.   It may be mentioned that | the woodmen hod nothing  to do with the matter.   To us the system of scaling should make practically  no difference to the loggers and mlll-  ���men, as one system Is just a-s good as  another, so long as It Is honestly car-  ��� ried out, but the revenue to the government from the "present B. C. .scale  is-less thn.il it .would be if the change  ���were made.   But the question might be  raised: that the   logs  are  sold   In   the  . "United ^States market,   where another  scale Is*-used.   This opens a .big- subject, whether i.t is well for the 'prbvirice  'to!'allow'  its .timber,to be   taken  out  * and . manufactured   into   timber T iii   u  foreign   country.      Were ithe ,i timber  made at home it should give employment  to  large  numbers, of men,  and  not Oh inks or Ja.ps eitlier, but bona  .':fide!   white settlers..   In . 'Ontario    tlie  "shipping of "logs out or the. country i.s  prohlbited7  As, to the matter, or seal  -tag,   the  government    sliould  appoint  "an official for this purpose, even,though  7the,'.-iilllmen .and loggers, would have  to* contribute/something .to   pay   for  ,-.his salary.   ; A!:.government,  'scaler is  /badly needed.   The license fee should  be reduced from, the 'J100 to $50, but: we  .thlmk .that the government .needs now  all the cash it can possibly get, and if  the' logs  are  allowed .. ito be  shipped  7away,.to be manufactured into 'timber,  7tbat  the  tax .is not an   entirely op-  ..pressive one. :   ;      '���.���;���'". _." iyl.-X,-,':'.'.:  ���".,, One of the measliest things that our  ; brainy aldermen have: done tliis'year  is trying1 to vv'niggle'out'.of: paying for  a safe ordered by the mayor for the  ' hospital. 'We'have heard of the proverbial'   straight-laced7'.Christian-   who  ���refused to row a boat !on,.Sunday to  pick up a drowning man because, of  fear 'of. desecrating the Sabbath, but  he' was hot one iwhit! more narrow .in  [his views than those Who .refuse to  pay for the iron box, Westminster  was burned down .beouiiise,certain,men  over there wanted to save water, and  .turned off. the pressure. The vvat-r  was sav.ed, but the town, was burned  down. In the same spirit of economy,  the valuables of .the .patients,; perhaps  their only possessions,Would! practically  needs be stuffed by Dr. McEwen in  ���his sock,.for safe-keeping."''.'No. man  should be expected to carry two or  three thousand dollars' worth of other  people's property aroupd with him, and  =Maym^T6wniey���shbuld~be commenaej  for his foresight in ordering the safe,  -if his' picayunish"'(board of health  ���wouldn't get a move on and buy the required article. Think of it A city of  30,000 people, land too infernally miserly to buy a safe for the hospital.  Keep your eyes open, rend your labor  papers diligently and thoroughly, for  you know not what number nor what  column of your papers may contain  something of special Interest and benefit to you.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  The Alderman.  Public school .teachers haive many  opportunities to notice Just how certain  thoughts and impressions iflx themselves in a child's mind and how unconsciously it comes to regard certain  public questiolns. To test the ability  of a primary class in English composition the beginning of - a little story  was written on the blackboard In one  of tbe public schools, and the children,  were required to/fflnlsh it.   "Good for  the Alderman," was the title, and the  story began:  '"A poor little girl was once selling  apples at a railroad station. A train  came in, and several of the passengers  bought .fruit from her, and then went  back to their seats. "Just before the  train started another man came to the  steps nnd asked how much she charged for her apples. 'Three for ten  cents, sir,' she answered. Then' give  me three,' he said, und took the apples  but before he had .paid for them the  train began to ipull out. The man  thought he would save the ten cents  by not paying for the apples, so ho  went buck Into the car, leaving the  little girl crying on the platform  But he did not get away so easily  after all. An .alderman of the town  was sitting In the next seat, and had  wo.le.hed the whole incident."  The ending the teacher Intended is  obvious, but the little girl had a different view, and liud 'evidently heard  of the dark doings of some city olllclals.  "Then the alderman was glad," she  wrote, "because he had seen it all  and lie could make the man give him  half the ten cents, so it-would be just  as good for him as it was for the man  that bought the apples. So he went  over and told the man he had seen  what he had done, and, of course,, the  man gave him dive cents right away."  --St. John Telegraph.  Prepare for Eusiness.  It looks very much as if another pro  vlnclal election were, not'far off.   Tiie  independents had better set their-'political machinery in  motion  and  ]M*e  pare for business���Siocan Drill.  Only Imagination:  'Mr. Whitney told the boys that it  was. a. tradition that ������ whenever conservatives got together good resulted  to their common country. That's right,  J. P.; It's a tradition, and a-tradition  l�� very often based on nothing more  .substantial than some one's .imaginn  tion.���Toronto News.  Educate the Commoner.  I would like to see education so cheap  ���that university men -might be found  cutting stones and laying, bricks,, and  I hope the Scottish-American million  aire's gift to the. Scottish' universities  may tend that way. When the edu  cated commoner .returns to.his clas;3  that class will be raised, and not till  then; and, being raised,, he will see  through the 'fraud of modern society  and stand it no longer.���Max O'Rell,  Pigeonholed.  Mackenzie King, deputy minister, of  labor for the Dominion, has been at  Rossland, endeavoring to settle the  strike existing there. Like preceding  officials,he is forwarding his data to  Ottawa. By this time the public pigeon  holes must be (filled to overflowing with  information dealing with the strike,  nnd it is high time something eventuated.' Less talk and more action on the  part of the authorities 'would win favor for the liberal party.���Siocan Drill  . REDISTRIBUTION.  Mr. Smith -Curtis.'.M. P. P., Rossland:  has decided views on the subject of redistribution, ��� which he thus expresses  to the Inland Sentinel: Our provincial  representation has yearly grown worse  and as both the votes: cast at the general elections 16 months ago and this  year's census returns have shown, it  has become a scandal. In preparlns  a. redistribution bill the .first thing will  bfe to apportion the number of representatives the island and the mainland  each shall have, and .1 contend that  this should be .in the ratio of their  population as: shown.'i'by the census.  The urban and rural areas and the  various pursuits of "their population are  very much alike. The .proper proportional representation for island and  mainland will be the real contest. The  Island has furnished nearly all the  cabinet material, ..and1  the   results  to  the country to~date are far from flattering; on the other hand the island  need not fear that the mainland having Its full representation will be inimical to It for the Interior members  are not pnrochiil In their Ideas of provincial development;' nor prejudiced  against the island,��� as the votes last  session nil 11 show. The subdivision of  bhu Island and mainland Into lidln^s  will In most cases present no great difficulty. Kor Instance the .present Koss-  land riding Is entitled by population as  well as by taxes paid to be divided  Into three milnlng divisions, of which  Rossland, Grand .Forks and Greenwood  are respectively the three chief cltie.s.  Believing that the members of the  nouse promised to vote want of confidence in the government are.In a majority, I am prepared to support a go.--  iirninent formed by them in bringing  In a redistribution measure, providing  It gives proportionate representation  based on the census to island  and mainland, providing also that any  differences in the boundaries of ridings  that the government caucus could .not  settle be by consent referred  to the  ohief justice of the (province, whoso |  opinion will be loyally accepted as Bnal,  and also providing such a bill shall be  passed and assented to before other  bills are put through. Area and immediate future growth as well as population to be considered. Cities clearly  do not require nearly so much representation ns extensive areas like Albor-  nl and Casalar, but large constituencies like Casslar and Cariboo should be  divided into two, and not have two  members eaoh obliged to" look after tht  whole of their vast areas. As to the  number of members, I see no necessitjK  for an .Increase. Referring to the possibility of an election being unexpectedly called -Mr. Curtis said: "Were I  to run ns a candidate my 'first plank  would be to have a bill passed as soon  n.s the house couuld meet, giving fair  representation, and' then to Immediately dissolve and hold a general election,  and thereby secure a .representative  legislature." Another .phrase of this  representation question of almost equal  importance with the redistribution of  seats is the crying necessity for proper preparation and maintenance of fair  voters' lists. The .present act opens  the door for fraudulent 'voting.  BENEFIT PERFORMANCE.  Manager Simpson, of the Savoy  Theatre, has -kindly agreed1 to give a  grand benefit .performance for the Extension Relief Fund. It will be held in  the city.ball, under the able direction  of Harry K. Evenson, late of Dam-  rosh, Castle Square, etc.,-opera companies. The entertainment will be  .first-class in every detail, for there will  be scenes from four of the latest comic opera successes. The principals are  from the ranks of Vancouver's best  talc'nt. Miss Ferries, the elocutionist,  .will give some of her humorous selections. The admission will be two bits;  reserved seats four bits. Buy a ticket,  even If you have an engagement that  might -(Thanksgiving),' Thursday, .Nov.  2Sth, for the Whole proceeds are for  charity's sake. 'The cause is a laudable one, and the poor widows and orphans of the unfortunate victims of  that awful mine disaster, so fresh in  ���tlie memory of all of us, need yet considerable assistance to carry them  through the approaching winter. Mr.  Simpson .Is an old timer 'in this province, having befen a playing member  of the Vancouver lacrosse club In the  early days, and his generosity is more  than appreciated Iby the people of this  city.  New prunes,  7 pounds for 23 cents  At The City Grocery.  TO THE UNIONS.  Short, weekly..communications upon  all matters of social interest to our  friends and readers would be greatly  appreciated ,by The Indeipendent. Make  your letter short and .to the point and  mail them so they will reach us .not  later than Wednesday evening'of each  week.   We desire the 'following news:  Election and installation of ofllcers.  All actions, past, present or proposed,  by your organization as to wages,  hours, boycotts, etc.  Notes of social or educational happenings in laibor circles* ^-minutes of  meetings, cards : received i or withdrawn.  ���Grievances exiistlng in workshop or  factory, shylocking wages, ��� accidents,  dangers to life and limb, employment  of children, etc.  Ideas upon organization, methods,  remedies, or any subject of; social reform, or comments upon ideas or  theories advanced: by others; also,  deaths" and' personal items.  Union men, The'independent is your  organ, and you should 'be willing 'o  do this much for it.  SIMPLY AS A BEGINNING.  The files of the Gazette (Labor Gazette), together with the ..'reports, the  department will make to parliament,  will afford data for a scientific knowledge of Canadian labor conditions  whioh have hitherto been non-existent.  The Conciliation act was objected to  In parliament by Mr. Puttee, of Winnipeg, the only labor representative in  the house, on the ground that "Voluntary conciliation Would be Ineffective.  A .similar position has been taken by  various members of the labor organizations. It has been suggested that  the New Zealand plan of compulsory  arbitration should be followed. Owing  to the fact that there Is a distribution  of powers between the provinces and  the Dominion, It i.s beyond the power of  the provinces and' the Dominion, It Is  beyond the power of the federal government to pass a compulsory Arbitration act, since this', being concerned  with civil rights, falls within the purview of the provincial legislatures.  The (provisions of the act have bsen  tested recently in connection with the  strike of the cotton-operatives at Val-  leyfield, In'.'the province of Quebec.  Through the Intermediation of Mr.  King, who holds also the position of  deputy minister of lalbor, an agreement  was arrived at.  The legislation passed  For Fall  A rich and beautiful showing of.the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1801.  Every wantable kind of material, Is  Included Jn this showing of ours. We  devoted considerable time to tbe picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which we mention a few of the  weaves we have in the latest designs  and shades.  ZEBOLINE, VENETIANS,  HOMESPUNS, OHHVIOTS,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  We osfls you to call and see them.  We Iknow the price will do the rest.  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  We reach wherever the maMs reach.  Is to be regarded 'simply as a beginning. Labor is becoming better organized iln Canada, and a- still more, aggressive recognition of labor's needs  will in time be demanded. Mr. Mulock Has expressed the hope to see a  laborer occupying tbe position of minister of labor. The realisation of such  an aspiration is not yet within the domain of. practical politics.���S. J. McLean, In the Economic Journal.  MASQUERADE J3ALL._ '  The machinists held a masquerade,  ball and supper In the O'Brien ball  on Tuesday night. The affair, was a  big success and redounds credit' upon  the energetic committee appointed) by  Beaver lodge, No. 1S2, to arrange matters for the big event. It! comprised  F. Yeandle, chairman. H. Flett, W.  Rae, W. Beer, W. Bandy, F. Coughlin,  and W. IRoss, .floor manager. The music was all that the most crltlcal'could  wiish for amd was furnished1 by the  Mount Pleasant Quadrille club orchestra. Among those present that could  be distinguished were Mrs. F. Yeandle,  Mrs. W. H. Hooper. Mrs. Watson, Mrs.  Wise, Mrs. A. Austin, Mrs. N. AIc-  .Mormiek, Miss Ida Coughlin, Miss Katie Clark, Miss N. Armstrong, Miss T.  Brown, Miss M. Scultto, 'Messrs. W.  McMillan, G. W. Isaacs, W.. Weiss, J.  Currants, W. Jones, W. Llndstrbm.'F.  Yeandle, C. D. Nunn, R. Craig, Dell  Rowe, 'H. King, W. Downle, T. Garrett,  J. Henderson ! and others. When one  looked upon the great display of so  many costumes upon masked people of  all sizes, he'd imagine that there was  Coxey's army or maybe a London pan-  tomlno of the lGth century. Some of  the uniforms were very pretty and  showed considerable taste ini the selection1 of odd dress. , Among the characters represented, were: Westminster,  by W. C. R. Baker and W. Flummer-  felt; Trooper, C E. Gray; Brlttannia,  Mrs. 'Bromley; (Empress of Japan, Miss  Bella Scott; Autumn, Mrs. G. W.  Isaacs; Ivy, Miss Nellie Rae; Crysan-  themum,,.Miss LUIIe Leuty; .red., white  and blue,.,'Miss Georgie 'Ransom; The  Daily World, 'Mrs. W. Tupper and Mrs  J. Currant; new-woman, Miss F. Ward  schoolgirls, 'Misses Gussie and Flora  Austin; black and white, Missr Lily  Dunn; buttons, Miss Agnes Smitii;  summer girl, 'Miss Agnes Thayer, of  Toronto; 'Little Red Rldfpg Hood, Miss  Jennie Scott: ballet girl, Miss/Maude  Ward; red, white and blue, Miss Nellie Dodd; rag doll, Miss J. MaKeovvn;  German peasant girls, the..Misses Watson; tired traveler, W. C. R.: Baker;  Viking, W. Foote; Hussar, Geo. .Scott;  Emerald Isle, D. Latham; Jock of  Clubs, Fred. Vincent; clown, Geo*. B.  Smith; "Ennery" 'Avvkins, J. McPherson; waiter, Walter Riohardson;  Dusty Rhodes,-IR. Wrayhurst; Mark  Hanna, J. iKemp; minstrel, A. Allaur;  soldier, J. Currants; beanstalk, J. B.  Bloomlfleld; und many others. About  8.M) Floor Manager Ross announced  the opening number of the big dance,  which lasted till 2.H0 a. m. This function will long be remembered by those  taking part. It wus given as a benefit to the ���striking 'Seattle machinists,  and hi though the weather and several  strong counter attractions ' militated  somewhat against > the attendance,  which otherwise would hnve been larger, it is pleasing to learn that i sum*  exceeding ifQO wns cleared, which Will  bo forwarded at once to the Seattle  lodge.  ^lLa^7U^dy*Hi^^tVtp.  ��*?  f ����������������������� ���������������������������>����������o��i�� ��<������������  I! To be faithful  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  ���  +  |  ���  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.  Union Mutual Life Insurance Co  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  '  , Call or write for particulars and plans < (  $ Head Office : 419 Hastings St.'W., Vancouver, B.C.   ..  . J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager. 11  *  *  ���������  The Question of fit  ���OC  Never needs to keep men from wearing our Clothing. They must fit or you  musn't tako them���just so as to style, cloth and appearance. We buy the best  materials mado in Kuropo or America, selected by experts of long experience and  trained observers of fashion's changes. Our largely increased and increasingbusi-  ness shows that they are right. Why not avail yourself of this opportunity to  dress well and save money. ' ' * * -  Prices $10.00, $12.00 and $15.00 and upward per suit.  CLUBB   ��>   STEWART,  Tklephone 7Q2.  160 Cordova Stueot.  was In Vancouver Mr. (Martin entered  the leading club of this oity and 'addressed a group of the memlbers who  were discussing the Royal' visit.    "I  suppose  you   will   admit,"   said  iM.r.  ��  Martin, "that the Duke of York is a  well-bred English gentleman?" ilis  OAiditors were probably too Shocked by  the question to1 admit or deny anything.  "Well," :; he' continued,;. 'VI- ihave juit  heard the Duke speak and Inotice tint  he doesn't talk English; the way1 you  fellows talk English: d., dtm't understand it at all." ."Which suggests that  in Vancouver os.iri Toronto the Duke's  English has given the prevailing fashionable accent u bad jolt.���Toronto  Star.  IPlve Ihumldred 'boxes apples^-your  choice; for 75 cents. ��� At The City Grocery. , -  A STORY OF HON. JOS.'IMlAjRTIN.  In a private letter received In Toronto to & lady In Vancouver related  an Incident which shows that Hon. Jos.  Martin Is still cm the Iboard* The  etory Is that wheto the DuJta of York  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets;are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and  oorreor. any kind of stomach trouble.  60 c box. McDowell, Atkins, * Watson  Co-  ^        . . UAttxa AtiactAttY or . .  o    Dewc-r's mi Liqueur, m ��� ���  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . C5qar��.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., _E^rops.  Coiheb Cordova _un> CauuIx.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Hoadqutrters lor the ongineerlng trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST-^^^  ���       v.  Liquors and Cigars  Firstalus roomi from GO cent! up.  ROBT. HUNRY,  "The Dominion Controverted [lections Act,"  and Amending Acts. Election of a  member -to tepresent the Electoral District of Burrard, British. Columbia, in  the , House ��� of'Commons of Canada, holden on, the ir.th day  of November, A. 'D., iJOO, and  the 6th day of 'December,. A. D��� 19Q0.  Dominion of Canada, Province of.Brlt-  tsh Oolumbla, to .wit, between" George  Ritchie (Maxwell; (Petitioner, a.nd James  Ford Garden, Respondent;  ���NOTICE Is 'hereby given tHat tha  ���above petitioner .has on the 22nd day  of .November, 190J., lodged at the offlcef!  of tho District Registrar of the Supreme Court of British Columbia, at  Vancouver, notice of an application to  withdraw the petition, of which notice  ithe following Is a copy: "Petition of  George Rltt'hle Maxwell, presentetl the  12th day of February, 1901. The petitioner proposes to .apply to withdraw  his petition upon the following ground:  Thut the petition filed against the  petitioner bus .been dismissed mnd In-  sulllctency of evidence, and prays (that  a day may bo appointed for hearing  .his application.  "Dated this 22nd day of. November,  4901.  "D. G. .MACDONELL,  "Solicitor for the Petitioner.''  AiND TADiiE NOTICB ithat by the  rule made) iby the Judges, any person  who might 'have been a petlloner In  respect of the said election may, witMn  five days after publication *y the Re-  turntng Offloer of this notice, give no-  tdoe ln writing of his Intention on, the  'hearing, to apply for leave to be substituted ns a .petitioner.  "Dated .this BOnd day. of, November,  1801.    '  D. G.  MACtDONEDL,  \\ij,    Solicitor for the PttlUoner.  PROP      \f  ��AVOY  THEATRE  * 8. SmraoN.'. General Manager.  J Towhsemd Stage Manager.  Week Commencing  Monday, Next  A Show for the People.  "Quantity'and Quality Combined."  i m ��n  From Their Nanalmo,boothflel* ���_  Protection Ialand ���Collleriea,  Sfeam9 ^e& aod  Of tbe flollowinc Graita:  Doubla llcrMnad Lump,  Run of tbe Mln*,  ^7aabs<I Nut ���__��'  \   7 8omaahi(  BAinm. M, BOBIRg, 0nr��riataMtst.r  KVAM, COLBMAN �� XVABB, Agata,  (    VMcaavnOi^, B.C.  ftl  ilS&Jjii&i SATURDAY NOVEMBER 23, 1901  RETIRING" FROM [BUSINESS  THE INDEPENDENT.  ��@��  SWEEP SALE  Of the Balance of the Big $22,750.00  Stock of  ��@��  CLOTHING,  FURNISHINGS,  ETC.  of the  Palace Clothing  House Co., Ltd.  Leading Car Bepalrar.' .21  CarRepairers......... .17  Car Cleaners  .17  Coach Carpenters  .24  SUBLTEIt JUNCTION.  .24 per hour  .21.  "    "  .20    "    "  .27W "     "  Car Inspector   Car Repairers   Coach Carpenters..  .17  .24  J70.0O per mo.  .21 per hour  .27Ji��     "  UOHHLAND.  Car Inspector..  Car Cleaner....  170,00 per  50.00    "  Car Inspector......... IM.00 to (70.00 per  Car Repairers....    * 00.00   ������  mo.  mo.  MIDWAY.  Car Inspector.  170.00 per   ino.  I IO Cordova Street.  Store ,lias been closed for tlle purpose of re-marking tlie goods.  No reserve.   Everything must be sold before January 1st next.  ���' ,'Sale Commences this Morning at 8 O'CIock Sharp.  Our last sale caused surprise and wonderment both in the trade and among  fthe people, because of the surprising prices. , To-day we will go beyond that and  ���combine $5,"35 worth of new goods with our present stock. The new goods ar-  ���rived late, we refused them, and sooner than have the lot returned the manufac-  . turer-cut the prico in two, so we have decided to accept nnd throw them iu with  ���our present stock and let all go at Slaughter Sale Prices. You'll find tlie greatest  ��� buying chances here to-morrow that hnve ever been placed before the people  ���of this city. Money saved is money earned. The way to save it is by going to  this great sale.      .... ^  gH^TFor Price Lists see Friday's Province or Saturday's News-Advertiser.  [signed.]  ROBERT COSGR'OVE,  Cliairmun Carmen's Committee.  JAMES HANCOX,  Secretary Curmeu's-Committee.  GRANT IJALL,' M. M.  "Would land nationalization,"taown as  single rtax, (effectively and permanently  free the proletariat from their present  condtlion of serfdom or wage slavery";  December 17,' '^Can the trade and labor  unions accomplish? 'that object, except  through the medium of the ^.dlot and  by the Introduction of socialism"; December. 2*. "Is compulsory arbitration  just?   Does it fulfil its purpose?"  . Convalescents need Eisen Port~"tha  builder up of thu weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co.. 746 Pender street.  Tin Mlit  Is   the  sew   saloon   at   the  corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the. prices O. K  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  ���  CANADIAN.  C.  P.  R.  AND  Following is' the  agreement cnteied  iinto   between   the   Canadian    Pacific  Railway   Company  and the   Brotlier-  ;hood of Railway Carmen. >It fixes the  aides arid rates covering the service of  .the men on ther Pacific division: .    ���  1     Vancouver, Octoiieu 1st, 1901.  ARTICLE I.  tunity possible to learn the trade in the  specified time.  Section* 1. The regulnr hours to be  ���worked in shops shall be from 7 k. to  T18 k. for the first five days in the week,  ���with ono hour for dinner, between 12 k.  .and 13 k; und on the sixtli day the  .hours shall be from 7 k. to 17 k., from  ���October 1st to May  1st, with dinner  (hour as usual; from May '1st to October  "*"~l8t"Th'e1iolirs"shairbe froin 7 k. to 12 k.  . ��on  Saturdays; all hands working the  .above  hours  will   receive ono hour's  bonus for working full time during the  week; all computation of time, except  ���in the case of monthly nien, shall be by  - .the hour; over-time shall be computed  after the above hours; the management  may lengthen or shorten the time as the  business of the company may necessitate ; ovcr-tin.e shall be computed at the  rate of time and one-half; Sundays and  ���   all holidays, namely, New Year's Day,  Good Friday, Victoria Day, Dominion  'Day, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day and  '���Christmas Day shall be paid for at the  ���samerate; the word "over-time" shall  ���mean all time worked after regular shop  ���hours.  Sec. 2. All otlier carmen employed in  ���the yard work shall receivejt'straight  time for all time worked, nights and  holidays and Sundays; but foremen will  arrange to give men advantage of holidays and Sundays when possible.*  '' Sec. 3. In cases where men have to  work the meal hour at nightjthey shall  receive pay for the samo at overtime  rates; employees shall take tlieir regular turn on night work, unless by mu-  ���.tual agreement of the foremen or men.  Sec. i.  When carpenters and others  working in Vancouver shops arejBent to  ���do steamboat work at wharf their regular working hours shall be from 7 k. to  17 k., with one hour for dinner, and ten  hours' pay shall be allowed for same.  '     ' ARTICLE III.  i .-     -     ���  Section- 1. Wrecking crews will be  paid ' straight time travelling to and  from the wreck, and time and one-half  while working at wreck, no time to* be  allowed when laid tip for rest.  Si:c. 2. When men are sent' out on  the road to work or relieve menjithey  I shall be allowed full time when travel  ling, and owr-time if worked as per  Article I., amp 75^ cents per^day for  board for every day they, are absent  from tlieir regular station.  ARTICLE IV.  All right to promotions shall be governed according to merit, ability and  seniority, the man longest in.jthe service shall lmve the preference, provided  he is a competent man; the question of  merit and ability to be determined by  the general car foreman and the master  mechanic. "  ARTICLE V.  Men leaving the service shall, as soon  as possible, he given a letter of Jrecom-  mendntion, stating  time and capacity  of his srrvice in which he was employed.  ARTICLE VI.  That when reductions in force, are  necessary, men who have others dependent on them for support shall be given  preference of employment, seniority and  proficency to govern.  ARTICLE VII. '    -  The company shall not discriminate  against any carmen who may represent  his follow workmen on a committee of  investigation,'and will be granted leave  of absence und transportation to. discuss any grievance they may have, but  the leave of absence must be confined to  once in a year and during the months of  May, June or July.  '    ARTICLE VIII.  The above rules and attached rates  will not be changed without thirty days'  notice being given.  Effe'ctive'November 1st, 1901.     '   i  I   ���  : ARTICLE II.  *  -    ,  Section* 1. Any boy engaging himself  .as an apprentice to the carpenters trade  must be between the ages of 14 and 18;  must be ablo to read and write, and  know the first four rules of arithmetic;  -apprentices must serve at least five  years, 300 working days to constitute a  year. '  Stic. 2. Apprentices will havo the  right of appeal from a foreman's tied-  .sion to the general foreman, and if necessary to the muster mechanic, whoso  ���decision will be final.  Skc.  3. Tho  apprentice  who,   after  having served twelve months,Jf,1 in the  '-opinion of tlio foreman of tho depart-1  ment,'he shows no aptitude to acquire  , the trade, shall be'dismissed or transferred, and all obligations accepted by  the company by reason of the schedule  will of necessity be forfeited.  ' Sec. 4.   Apprentices under the age of  18 years, who do not desiro to work regular overtime or night shift, must apply to the foreman for relief. *  Sec. 5/All apprentices   engaged to  learn the trade shall be given all oppor-.  \  Leading Carpenter...  Carpenters, Bench and  Coach Mon   Carpenters, Freight  Men   Leading Machine Men  Machine Men ;  Car Inspector   Leading Car Repairer,  Car Repairers   Im nip Cleaners   Air-brake Testors ami  Cleaners   Wheel Pressmen   Bolt Threaders   !7 to J   .20 per hour  .27.  .20  W.00  TiO.OO  .21  .17  .10  .18  .17  .10  mo.  .21    "  .30     "  .2:1    "  OD.oo per  fu.00    ���<������������  .21 per hour  _>0    i'    ��  .18     "     "  .Jl " "  20 " "  .111     "     "  The Aurora Borealls is the title of U  new;.temperance Journal appearing; in  Winnipeg this week.        ,  iA. Labor League has ibeen formed1 at  Rossland, with XV. L. McDonald, president.. The membership is already large.  Tlie Trades und Laibor Council of  Winnipeg met Thursday evening. Municipal matters and questions for candidates were* discussed and adopted.  The Winnipeg laibor party will meet  weekly during .the -winter to give an  opportunity to nold*more meetings  open.to the public. ;'A good programme  of lectures, etc., will be arranged.  The Winnipeg labor iparty'has again  bofore lt the proposal to change its  name to that of, soolal democratic  party. It has ibeen organized undsr  Its present nanip over, ifive years.  ���Kingston trade unionists will run  candidates for mayor and aldermen.  They will also probaibly 'halve a candidate for the vacancy In 'the House of  Commons, caused iby the elevation of  Mr. iBrltton: to the 'benoh.  Winnipeg Typographical union passed Its twentieth birthday this woik.  Its membership Js again soaring above  the century mark. Wilth the starting  of the Even I ng; telegram there have  been fresh acquisitions and considerable changing around^���The; Voice."  .Delegates who .attend. the meetings of  the Allied Trades Council of Ottawa  will ibe met at'the door .by a committee!  who will examine their ihat to see If  they .have the union laibel In ii. It they  have not, their names ���will be read out  ln open meeting. Why not make the  same rule'to their, shoes and clothes?  Ottawa will vote at the municipal  elections whether or not they are in  favor of the city establishing a city  coal yard.; If It ���carries,"'of which there  is aio doubt, legislation will be asked  from the provincial government to permit the city to establish it. Coal is  iio,w tl per ton.  There is trpuble looming up for the  heads of the printing- "bureau, so says  the Ottawa correspondent of the. Winnipeg Voice. Work which should be  done in the 'bureau is ibeing sent to  "rat'': Arms In Montreal, and men have  ���been laid off in the Ibureau. Deputy  Minister iKUng's attention will be called  to the' fact that,tlhe falr-wage-schedule  is ibeing violated.  Secretary Morrison, of; the American  Federation of Labor, estimates that  during the iflscal year terminating October 31st, the A. IP. of L. gained fully  400,000 memlbers. 7 This looks like the  labor movement Is going' 'backward,  does it? Those w-ho feel1, that way  should remember that the present  growth of .tho American) 'la'bor .movement ,is both ,ffnst,nnd healthy. In  localities where either'hasty or unwise  action Is taken, there may ihave ibe_.ii  a set-back, 1>ut throughout the nation  _U___r^i^J_bee*_a_wonclerful_growth  Try .a bottle' of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 76c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  When you want to hire a. flnrt-class  horse find bujfgr, go to the Palace  livery stables. Telephone 126.  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  JFWlowiing Is o. Wst of the iPnioa cigar factories In British OolunVbda. w&o  use .the tflue'laibel:'  W. Tietjen, Nb. 1���DMsibn No. 38,  Vancouver.      .   '.  Kuntz & Co. No. Z-rEHvitAon, No. B8,  Vtanoouver.  Hi!kuaa Cigar Manufatoturlng Company, No. 3���d_��ivl___on No. S8, Kkunloops.  B. xvWoerg & Co., No. f-IXIvJs&on: No.  38, New Wee/taiinflter.  T. Wtoxatiook, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kelawna Shlnpere" Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Kelowna.  Wirigdit Bros, No. 9���Division No. 38,  Kootenay Oigar Manufacturing Ooon-  piony. No. 10���Division No. 38," Newon.  Mefas & Johnson, No. 2-"Dtvtelon No.  37, Victoria.  M. Bantflay, No. 6���Division No. 37,  Victoria.  "^Island Oigar FaoOocy, 8. Norman, No.  6���Division No. 37, Vwtoria,  iProwlnoe Oigar Oo., No. 7���Division  No.,37; Victoria.  A. Sotuioter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Gable, No. �����Division. No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. Lery, No. U���Div&Lon No. 37, Victoria.  Sf. J.,Booth, No. 14-iDivte.on No. 37,  Nanalmo.  C. G. BeUmsen���Divdaion Nb. 37, Victoria.  T. P. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12. Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. S���Division No.  38,  Revelstoke.   ,  j.   Martin!' No.   7���Division  No.   38,  P. O. BOX 391. 'PHONE 179.  . w. j. McMillan e. c��.,,  Wholesalk Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  Brand! l  MONOGRAM, MABGUEEITA, BOUQUET,  �� OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Aloxander Street and Colombia Avenue, Vancouver, B. c.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRlAJDES'AND LABOR  COUNCIL-Presldcnt, John Crow; vice-  president, W. J.JLanirick; secretary, T. H.  Cross; financial secretary, W. 3. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; ; statistician,.' W.  McKtasock: sergeant-at-arms, G.'F. Lenfesty- Meeting���First and third Friday ln  each month, at 7.30 p.m., ln Union ball,  corner Punsnvuir and Homer streets.  JOURNEYMEN BARBBBS* INTERNATIONAL UNION, -No. 120-Presldent,  G. XV. Isaacs; vice-president,"A. H. Leer-  patt: corresponding: - financial secretary,  V. P. Johnson, .165. Hastings St. East;  recording secretary,, CD. Mbrsan;  treasurer. J. A. Davidson; guide, J. A.  Stewart; guardian. E. Morgan; delegates  io T. & If- Council: G. XV. Isaacs. Meets  first and third Wednesdays of each  month   In   Union   Hall.  If You Have a  Telejione  COOKS, WAITERS AND! WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 28. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president. W. W. Nelson; recording, secretary, Jas.1 H.: Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer,Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m.; in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmuir streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet the last Sunday in each  month at Union hall. President, C.S.  Cnmpliell; vice-president, George "Wilby;  secretary, a. J. Gothard, P. 0. hor- 68;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  L. WoodruOt. 6. R.' Robb, J. H. Browne  N. Wllllam3; delegates to TraJea-"��nd  Laibor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  H.  Browne.  Sandon.  Phelln & McDonougSi, No. 12���Divls-  Ion'38, Nelson.  STREET RAILWAY -MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth "Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at 8 p. tn. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John ��� Frizzell: secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vandcnvnlker; conductor, Ed. Manning; warden,D.*Smith;  sentinel, T., Dubbcrley; -delegates to  Trades and Labor.Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie  and H. A.-McDonald.  just ring up 3���i-t>���The Pio-  neeB Steam ' Laundry���ami chat  with us about' the XKW FINISH,  we are putting on shirts, collars'  and curls. It is; tho latest and  most approved in tlie laundering  of fine linen. We havo been very  highly complimented on this our  latest improvement, by transient  as well as our regular customers.  If you have no telephone���hail  one of our drivers���he will be glatl  to give you full particulars.  PIONEER  I Steam Laundry  Phone 340. 910 - 914 Richards St '  Downtown* Oi-ficb, No. 4 Arcade.  WHITE LABOR ONLt.  ;B-';i':**P^'Oi:ri;c;  and  UNION BAKERIES.  :IW. D. Mulr, Mount (Pleasant.  W. Murray, iPrlor street.  . Montreal Bakery; -,Westminster  avenue.  ',F. Adams, Scotch BakeryiiHostinss  street.  ;W.,D. Kent, SS Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street..  ailnchen Co., Granville street.  Barnwell Bros,, Granville street. ..  Largen & Tupper, Granville street.  UNITEt) .;���;��� BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and;fourth Thursday in Union  Hall, room No. 3.:;President,*,G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. M. Sinclair; recording  secretary,: W.'.T. MncMullen; tlnanclal  secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, J.  Ferguson: conductor. R. MacKenzle; warden, J.,'MciLeod: delegates to T. and L.  council. RCbt: Macpherson, G. Dobbin, J.  M. Sinclair.'  the   Retail  clerks'   international-protective association  meets-In O'Brien's Hall, the first.and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, .president; XV. 3. Lamrick,. secretary, 248 princess street.  PACIFIC  LINE  Work!'*  Scenic  TEXADA'MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  P. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m;  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President;  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A. Rapw,. Van Anda, B. C.;  treasurer, H. V, Price: conductor,'. P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklater. ���  , Pay up your subscription to the Independent, dt does not cost yqu^much  and you should not hesitate about giving- your support readily to a labor paper.  KORTII IIKND.  Car inspector fSO.OO to JM00 per  KAMI.OOI-1.  Car Inspector ��M.OO to fco on per  mo  Car Repairers      .17  RKVKUTOKK.  Car Inspector......... f��0.00 to |M.00 per  mo.  20 per hour  SS.00  Car Repairers......... :   .17  I*mp Cleaner   NAKDSP.  Car Inspector   Car Hepatitis. '..  mo.  OO.oo   "���.. "  20 per hour  150.00 per   mo  HKUOK.  Car Inspector..  X'fcs..  WO.OO per  60.00   "  VOM per  60.00 ."  mo,  mo,  M  'A Quebec despatch says that 21 barbers nppeared on onp day ibefore the  coui'ts of 'Quebec; and all of tliem were  fined for not comipljiing with the riiles  of the trade in the payment of dues.  Otlier Montren'libanbers were Unetl on  the same day for ;non-poyment. The  courts have decided that when a barber Is convicted and iflned for non-pny-  inent of dues ihalf.the lline goes1 to the  ���king and the other .half to the association. This lis a decided nd'vantag'e  to the association, tor the 'delinquents  must either pay up or go to Jail. When  the Barber's association was formed In  Quebec all the barbers except one were  In favor of 10 cent shaves and other  plans to elevate the trade.  Following Is a..programme of debates  to take place at the iSlocnn Socialist  League meetings: ��� November 19, "Is  the'eourse of events In Ne^v Zealand  Adivancing the'. Cause of Boclflllsm";  ���Novetriber. 26, "Should the Franchise  Be Immediately. Extended to Women";  December.; 3, "Should socialists, aa * an  organized (body, fuae with any other  party, politically, to gain partial and  temporary    reforms";    December  30,  INTERNATIONA L ASSOCIATION OF  MAOHINISasS���Beaver Lodg-e,. No.; 182���  Meets eeeond and fourth Wednesday ln  each month in Union Ball. President,  Win. Beer; corresponding secretary, B:  Timmlns,. 72fi Hamilton,; street; financial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  street, every first and third Saturday in  each month nt S p. m. Ernest Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris Btreet.  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE;  To all points ln Canada and the United 8UU*.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED THAW  .A-y .CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  "sailings fob Japan akd china.  Empressc(China.................;....;...Dee. 2  Tartar Dee. IB  Empre S3 o( India..........................Dec.��  and every {our weeks thereafter  SAILING FOR HONOLDLO AMD AU8TKAUA.  Miowera .....Dec IS  Aorangl................................... Jan 10>  iMoana Fab. 1  I and every four weoke thereafter.  For further particnlara aa to timo rates ete_,  apply to  E. J.COYLE, JAMES SCLATOB,  A. Q. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C.  JOURETTMBN RAKERS' AiNIDi'OON-  FECTIOM3RS' International Union .of  America. Local No. 4/0, Vancouver, 'B.  C. President. James Webster; vice-preal-  dent,. J.-W.���'Wllkinsonj-recording-secre-  tn.ry. Murdo. MaoLean, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; financial secretary. H. McMullIn  Toronto Candy Co.; ) treasurer, W. A.  Wcods, 35S ��� Ninth Axe, Mt. Pleasant;  corresponding sccrcitarti'. .F. HawlingB,  Barnwell   Bros.,   Granville  street;   maa-  THERE IS  DANGER  CIGARMAKERS' UNION |NO. 367-  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union Hall. President. A. Kochel;  v_ce-prosldent, P. Crowder; secretary,  G. Thomas, Jr., 14S Cordova, street west;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson;' sergcant-at-  armn. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  nnd Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  O. Nelson.  of Fire or Injury to-  Health when you use  the  ELECTRIC  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AMD  .DECORATORS, I/Ocal Union No. 138,  Meets every Thursday In ljimor Hall.  President XV. Pavler; vice-president, E.  Crush; socrctnry, C. Plnder, lTTiS Eightli  avenue, Fatrvlow; treasurer, H. McSor.  ley.  Pacific Botf ling  Works.  lmiMM*ter�� and Bottlers  GORE AVE.   'PHONE 783.  SOLE AGENTS.   ,  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA, No. ITS-Mccts alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hail. President. F. WllllamR, vice-president, MIsb  ( Qrnliam; recording, secretary, H. O.  Burrltt:, financial secretarj', ��� Walfred  Larson; treasurer, C. ��� B. Nollson; ser.  Roant-at-arms,  A. J.  Kennedy.  For the next; go days you can get a suit at  your* own price at  THE   ACME  To'Introduce our new st��tern of tallailn >��.  fore ooi Fall Stock ajiItm. /  i ^  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used- Apply at Office of  I  B. i. [tt  lltttartHaSt  C L KoltaN, OrtUr.  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets. .  ii^gg^^^  ,' \ THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY...*...NOVEMBER 23,-1901'  We have new lines of these  goods that are better than  heretofore.  All   prices,   but   none   are  high-        50c. 75c, $1, $1.50, $2.  W. J�� @RR, 420-422 Westminster Ave  McA&TilUR  ����   LOUGHEAD,;  CORNER    BARGAIN   STORE.  Dry Goods, Small Wares, House Furnishings, Men's Furnishings,  Oil Cloth, Linoleums, Etc.  Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  Shoppers  on  the   Avenue  Would do well to ninke a note ol our store,  Uecausc we can iill many u want lor �� small prico in any ol the following lines:  Stationery, fancy Ooods, Games, Toys, 1902 Calendars, Chrislmaa Cards,  Books, Including Toy Books, Menty Series, lisle Scries, Boys' Own Annual and  Chatterbox.  We nsk your trade on the basis ol mutual Interests.  Century $u|)|?!ij Company,  Near City Grocery 442 Westmlngter Avenue  SELF-MADE MEN.  G. R. Maxwell, M.I*.  One ot the boasted products ot individualism is self-made men. We liear  a great deal about them, and we read  a. great deal about tlii.se wonderful  men. Success is one oC the great sods  to-day. It is worshipped in the hero,  aiaa he succeeded?���that ls the question. If he has, then painters oialot  Win, poets idealize him, and writers  write him up in great shape. The  'question lis never asked���How did he  succeed? Was it fairly or unfairly?  justly or unjustly? nobly or ignobly?  /.Teachers of youth hold then; up as our  "examples, pallerils and guides', and  through their achievements touch the  tcimcy and the Imagination. A whole  ecoWon of modern literature Is devoted  to these extraordinary characters. Ts  (there anything in this expression?  "What particle of truth is there in it?  There are some expressions called  rhetorical and metaphorical. Such have  ulways  To Be Discounted.  There are .some expressions which arc  only half troths, and they do about as  ' much iharni as If they were complete  faJsehoods. Now, is this expression  true? Is it a fact Miat a man can make  Mmsell entirely and completely so far  aa the fortunes of his life are con  cerned? "By attempting to arouse  tliese questions we shall get to the root  of the matter, we shall see whether  these men Uo or do not exist���or whether they can or cannot do this wonderful Cli'ing credited .to them, an-JL  possibly we sliall find that if we have  raicfh men among us, they reflect no  glory upon individualism, but rather  upon another system more in harmony  with the eternal fitness of things. In  "tlie first place .this expression is not  true from the standpoint of a man's  nature. .No man Is the maker of himself, therefore no man is self-made.  If there is one truth more patent than  another which everything in life is  ��� teaching the individual, it is the indebtedness of the one to the many, the  _ i  ,  Indebtedness of the    present   to    the  past   "Whenever an individual gets ills  ��yi>s opened-he sees what a  Small Figure lie Outs,  what little lie can <lo or be without  ��� others,"and-,how arevcry -step���ii'id  etage of his life If 'It were not for the  help ot others, he would become a  mere cipher, a nonentity, and a good  for nothing. This thought confront.,  Wm at his birth, and folllows luini to  Iiis grave. Let us look at some things  whioh Impress Lhls fact upon lis. One  of our .most distinguished jnen, \vii,;n  discussing the origin of the llrst man,  in 'Opposition to Darwinism, says,  mam must have been made as the Hook  of Genesis asserts, bewtuse If lie had  lieen made _t baibe, Instead of n perfect  organism, tho chances are that ho  never would or could have lived. The  ��_hild man Ih certainly the most helpless thing ln the whole realm of creation, not for days���but for months nml  yj-ears. He,Is Indebted for mind, body,  feet,  hands,   fancy  and  Imagination���  i lits  whole  equipment    to others.    Ho  ' inokes  none  of  these  things himself.  '/nicy.dre. given ito,him;as gifts, as a  dowry, and if there be any truth In  certain1 ideas which science has beon  emphasizing- and ���impressing^ upon us,  fie4 Inherits iind '-'"''      .'  Enjoys'tjh<*- Weaklr , -  of aill past attainment and   struggle.  jWithout these he would be an iirtbecile  and a waif stranded on the shores of  time. Without these he could neither  be or do anything, 'and without these  successful effort would 'be simply iin-  posssible. At the very .beginning1 therefore you see that this expression is  misleading, false, and empty of all  imleaning. This, howio'ver, 'becomes  more manifest the further we proceed.  A child, say, leceives these gifts, but  what child, even although he was a  Shakespeare ���or il RQtfi5vhilc| in embryo, Would ever survive without tlie  help of others. When we think of  what a child may become, and what  some have become, and then think of  what a child is as it is wrapped in  swaddling clothes, you realize, that if  ever U il to stand upon the battle  field of iite, and achieve something  worthy, it must be through the self-  sacrifice and tlie co-operation of others.  As it is, it is thoroughly unfit and unable to do anything tor itself. It is  completely dependent , upon others.  Father, mother, must by nursing,  watching, feeding, the physician with  his knowledge and his skill, oil come  to ilts aid, must all pla.ee themselves  At Its Disposal,  and must all senve it, and minister to  its needs. Self-made, no, not a 'bit of  it. In more sense than one, every one  may say and that truly, I was made,  not by myself, but by the service, the  kindness, the loves and the sympathies  of others. This goes on for years, and  as the child grows, he grows in debt  to others. True, some children, and  big men also, forget this, but the fact  is true, nevertheless. The next step is  the Important one of education. The  child requires to be educated. These  gifts, valuable as they are, would (be  praotlcally valueless unless exercised  and properly trained. The school :s  a necessity. The more perfect the  schooling Is, the more that is learned,  the more lit will the y��uth bo to do  his rart In the great drama of life. But  for this he is indebted to others. Tho  school he goes to was toullt for Ihim  by others. The books he learns to real  were written for him by others. The  wisdom he gains was accumulated for  him "by others. The schoolmasters or  sohool mistresses were all equipped  and  Paid for by Others.  Every avenue of knowledge that opens  to him, is one prepared for his special  benefl t" by~othei s." Wi tihou t "others,- the  help of others, his education would he  a complete /fiasco. Every j-tep he takes  in this direction, overy book, pencil,  and olt of paper he uses���all impresses  the same truth upon him���all constrain  Wm to say, Intellectually I am made  by others. Without others I would  hare no school, no school masters, no  books, no slates, no pens, no 'pencils,  no copy books���no nothing. I am overwhelmingly In debt lo others. Follow  thli out. Sfuppose he goes lo the highest school of all���the university. ICvcn  there he Is haunted and confronted  with the ��imo .truth. That university  has been built, endowed and equipped  for him by others. Everything in lt  has buen put there for his benefit by  others, lie Is Inheriting, possesslni*  and .enjoying whnt others have given.  A self-made man���no never. .We give  lilm all credit for learning, for studying honestly, earnestly, faithfully. We  will honor him in that he becomes a  successful student, a profound scholar,  and '   '  A Man of Wisdom,  but for'any one- to stand up a.nd say,  I am a self made man, is either unblushing impudence, pride, conceit, or  It Is a wilful and woeful manifestation  of forgetfulness of all that others halve  done for him, towards .making him  what he is. He simply would not have  been, he would not" have iknown what  he knows, and what he Is, if alone by  himself and for himself he had had to  face the world. It Is a blessing for  the world that we are not all made  alike, 'that Is. we don't nil want lo  do the same thing. We have ^different  tastes nnd ambitions. With many a  trade has to be learned. This is one of  the best equipments iln life. The man  with a trade, who has learned to do  something well, and who takes a pride  In doing what he knows well, that man  lias an advantage in life. The man  who has no trade is apt to he driven  from .pillar to ipost, -Iris work Is apt to  be precarious and uncertain,.and he Is  apt on that uceount.to be a sufferer.  Well, .here ls one who wants to* learn  a trade. He can't do It for himself,  and oven if he could he Is prevented  from doing so. What does 'lie find. He  ifinds the work-shop iprepared for lilm.  Tlie Tools Iteady  for lilm, and the teacher waiting for  him, all put there for him by others.  You cannot learn a .trade without the  help of others. That is a fact. What  would you think of a man, wiho, because of Ills abilities received from  others, because of his knowledge- received from others, ibecause of his  equipments received from others, If he  should say in the face of these facts,  I am a self-made man? Would you not  tell him straight that he was talking  nonsense, that such a man does not  exist anywhere, and that if he did exist, that he would be such a miserable  specimen of humanity that no more of  the hreed was required or desired. The  man which competition wants, namely,  one who shall aot for himself alone  can't exist even under the competitive  system. The independent him is as  dead ias .the man of prehistoric films.  Every tradesman or mechanic rejoicing  and priding himself in what he knows,  and what he can do, if he is both a  true man and a wise man, will cheerfully say, I am  A Debtor.  I am deeply' In debt to others for what  they 'have done for mc. That Is true of  every man ln every profession or calling to-day. Every man of them lis in  deht to others, and without the others  would have been a mighty small man,  so small Indeed th'at most men would  say that his smallncss was due to his  own workmanship. Again this becomes apparent ln other direction:*.  Take our successful men, of whom it  la said', they are self made men, and  Che expression ls a misnomer. Shakespeare was a. wonderful man, and had  wonderful gifts. Well, In the first  place Shakespeare received his mind  with ia.ll its marvelous ipowers from  others. .He did not .make it. You cannot work without tools. If Shakespeare eclipses other .men, ilt only, shows  that he was more indebted than other  men to others for what he had and  for what he gave. If he had not had  that mind���which was a gift to 'him���  he never could have written what he  did write, and which is the admiration  of the world. Again, we are a car-  niverous race. We prey upon one another. One' race supplies a "base for  a higher. One life gives life to a  higher form of life. Shakespeare was  indebted to others for his materials  out of which he  Wove His .Masterpieces.  He was a debtor to Rome, to Venice,  to Scotland, to Denmark, and to England, and then again he was indebted  to other writers, so that through the  laboring of others, through the sympathy of others he stands on that high  pedestal of fame to-day. .Self made,  no. He did his part. He used his talents, that is, his credit and ills honor,  but others contributed all through llfo,  and-even _n-death,-to his extraordinary  success. Tho same Is true of Scott.  Ills literary tastes and his mind were  gifts. Carlyle tells us in. one of his  essays th'at Scott's flrst literary enterprise was a translation of a German  work, and adds, Hint we may call this  work ot Goethe's the prime cause of  Marmlon and the IJady of the Lake.  Yes, that Is true ot his poetry, but  how many contributed to his novels.  The old woman full of matchless stores  of the Velrd and the romantic, the  public, yet, his very poverty, all Joined  lu making his success complete. The  same ls true of Burns. What brains  and heart he h.id were given to lilm.  The poems aung over the world to-day  ���many ot them have simply ibeen re-  pollshed. - He worked on what others  lhad dono before , hlni, throwing in  ,-'y y- , His Own Genius. \ ��� ,  \V_iat could Durns .have.told us about  love, bonnle'laasies,' the Cotter's Saturday Night, Hallowe'en, of character  without -others.; j He, was "the,1 wonlcor,  but others gave the genius, and the inspiration to the genius, and ' without  these what would his poetry be wonth.  What Oarlyle eays of Dante's work  might ibe said of all these now men  tioned, and all others. "The DIvIna  Commedla is of Dante's writing; yet In  truth It belongs to ten Christian centuries, only the .finishing of lt ls  Dante's. So always. The craftsman  there, the smith with that metal of his,  with these tools, with these cunning  methods, how little of'all he docs Is  properly his work; all past Inventive  men work with hlni, ns Indeed with all  of -as, .In all things. These sublime  ideas of his, terrible and beautiful, are  the fruit of Christian meditation of all  the good men who have gone before  lilm." Those of my readers who have-  rend Mr. Kldd'B book on Socinl Evolution���a book well worth reading at nny  time���will remember how -he puts this  ���thought with regard to discoveries and  Inventions. He talks about a. great  army of workers, how the ground I.s  slowly and laboriously .prepared for  the fructifying idea,- and. then tho  discovery Is made.   It Is In fact  Not the Work of One,  but of a great number of persons whose  work has led up to it, and ho endorses  the following: "All .that man iproducss  to-day more than did his cave-dwelling  ancestors, he produces hy virtue of the  accumulated achievements, inventions,  and Improvements of the intervening  generations, together with the social  and Industrial machinery which is their  legacy"���an further nine hundred and  ninety-nine .paits out of the thousand  of every man's produce nre the result  of his social inheritance nnd environment. That is true both of the work  of our'ibralns as of the work of our  hands. Self made! What bosh. No  such creature can he found anywhere.  ���  YOU'LL NEED MEAT $  Before long now.. The best heaters made ���  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ���  nomical to. use are the  ' ���  H FAMOI \fk "   AIR-TIGHTS AND      f  fl ��riVUO BAgE   BURNERS.      ��  made by the McClary Mfg. Co. ���  ,126 Hastings St. %  SOLE AGENT X  t  i  /  (To ibe continued.)  Ths Mint  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.' The bottled goods are  all first-class and tlie prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis'. ������  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c ryo is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(> Pender street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  CARD OP THANKS  FROM THE'  FISHERMEN.  To tho Editor oi Thk Independent.  Sir,���Please allow us the use of your  valuable paper, for the purpose of returning thanks to the1 several labor  unions and friends of labor outside of  the unions of the province who so generously contributed to the relief and  defence fund and performed so many  acts of kindness during the time we  were incarcerated. We cannot And  words strong enough to express our  appreciation of The Independent for  Its manly and outspoken defence of our  cause. We also wish tb thank our  counsel, Mr. D. G. Macdonell, for the  able way 'in which he handled our case,  also the members of the relief and defence committee who have worked so  energetically to provide the necessary  funds.  W. WELLING.  C. WBDLING.  C. iFORIHiBST.  G.    SULLIVAN.  F. A.  ROGERS.  Vancouver, Nov. 20, 1901.  PARIS - GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other insects���for sale by the McDowell, Atkins, Watson Company, The  Druggists, Vancouver.  EVERLASTING   PALMS^e>  ���a, thought of Christmas decoration.  We are selling every palm in the  store at A DISCOUNT OF 10 PES  CENT. They are genuine Florida  palms, direct from Jacksonville, and  we set a discount of no per cent, off  onr Invoice. .So that Is tlie reason we  ure clearing them at 40 per cent, oft  regular prices, "fwould be n critical  eyo that could find anything wrong  with those.that mre left. Prices from  50c lo 410 each, less a discount of 40  ���per cent.  R. 0. BUCHANAN & CO.  CHOCKKHY AND HOWE FUKNISIIISiGS,  Opposite City Hull, Westminster Avenu.<*  Vnncouvcr, Ii. 0.  The~  Havlngtho Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  In B.C. which in Iteelf-ls a guarantee  ol a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant. ,  McLennan,  McFecly & Cp<  , "WIHOIiBSALE AND  RETAIU DEALERS   IN ���    -- <i;  Shelf and Heavy  Hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��. CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  v  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. 0.  |3r Headquarters for  Domestic and Imported Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  $3.50 SHOES  This line is a wonder, G. W.   Leather  lined, latest styles, light or henvv sole.  UNION MADE  Mere  f-IILLS,   10 Cordova St  Overcoats.  I' To be comfortable���to have tliat snug, cosy, warm feeling on days  | like these, is more than half the battle in facing the worries and cares  I of each business day.  .... i  ��� Come in and we'll make vou warm���fit you with a very sensible,'  I stvlish coat that will defy chillier days than we get here in Vancouver.  I * The cost will bo ?8.50, $10.50, $12.50, $15.00 and up to $18.00���  | whatever you say./  JOHNSTON, KERfOOT & CO.  ' 104- and 106 Cordova" Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0|*t>. Wm. Ralph's.     ,   ,  f  For stomach trouble of any Wnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. O0c box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.-  ��� ���������������������������������������������  O  n  o  worry.   Look pleasant, and if  figures talk converse with these:  3 full pounds Currants 2oc  3 pnekngea Seeded Knislnn 25c  Mixed Peel, new, per lb 15c i t  Coffee, usual price 40c, now.. ,30c per lb i I,  Ten, usual price SOC, now _0cperlb <>  Tea, usual price 40c, now 2 lbs for CJc i ,'  Tea, usual price SOc, now 'J5cpcrlb^ >  New White Cooking Figs.. .'.4 lbs. for 25c . >  ABhcroIt Spuds 90e per 100 lbs ~  Many bargains.   Space will not per- a  mlt us to enumerate, ���  N.'B���"Sluclairs"  ways on hand.  famous Hams al- ���  if  FORD'S   GROCERY,  Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. C.   ^ |  �������������������������������������������  Hu"MnY8iUNr  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IM  Fish, .Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. , 'Phone 442  Notices.  NOTICE IS IIEKKHY GIVEN THAT AT THE  next regular sluing uf the Board of License  Commissioners for tlio City of Vancouver I  shall apply for a tnilisferoi llie Hotel License  for the premises situated on I."ts <>, Hlock 23,  subdivision of District I-ot Ml, known as the  Oltawu House, G12 render Street, In the said  City ol Vancouver to IV. J. Kirkpatrlck nnd W.  F.. c ���lrt'-'((.||[n(,(j) WMi HALLEKT.'  Vancouver, Nov. 21, 1001.  Seymour Streeet,  Subscribe ���  Tbe  Independent  $1.25 a Year.  BUSINESS  demands a large number of our graduates in March. A course takes 6 or .7 "  months, so you should begln1NO'W.,OB��� -  we will be short. We are running ���  short now! We can plooe between 78-  and 100 'boys every year. Tp-<Jay iwie -  have none. No "dilfflciulty to placo. all  the girts you send. ua. Remember, we -  ikeep 'them Ull they are in a situation. '-  Tlie II.It.A.Vogcl Commercial College  P. O. Box 347. ���   Vancouver, .B. C.  tooosooooooooeoeooooooa  I    DELICIOUS, WINE  \    Made Exclvsively from B. C. Fruit.  I   FRESH CUT n.OWERS   UNION-MADE  j DOMESTIC CIGARS.  }        When mnkliiK n trip around the  * Park call on  8 W. D. Jones Brni?B!,0tnhopu0s'ent  O9OI}39O93O30OeO39OO90OOOOi  ��������������������������������������  $~:~ GtG. n a 1  .*  Vancouver's    Pioneer    ClotheB  Renovator, makes a suit now.        ,  X Dyeing and Repairing. X  X.       216 Cambie St., Vanoooter.        ^,,  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH DAILY  MONTREAL BAKERY  WEHTHIN'UTKR AVENDB.  Old Books  ...y/ainted.  , . -AT-"-, ,.,,,-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  . Y^"*   UArcade.  ,',--���.,���   a;.

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