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The Independent Nov 9, 1901

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 SUBSCRIPTION $1.25 A YEAR  iWase-earmers Should'sub- _  oorlbe, because this .paper  to published as their organ.'  VOL. 4.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER J), 1901  THE TAX ON COAL AND COKE.  -As Viewed by the Trades and Labor Council���The World  and Province Taken to Task���The Anniversary  ���Meeting Night Changed.  NO.  i.  i .President J. Crow occupied the chair  at the last meeting of the Trades and  _Lai>or Council. There was a full attendance. Credentials were presented  us follows: Fishermen���John Findley;  Bricklayers���Jas. - Brown. Delegates  took their seats.  Communications.'  Prom IH. .Glover, secretary .Freight  Handlers, enclosing $5 for the Fishermen's defence fund. From Texada Mines' union, No. 118, enclosing1 $25 for  tho Fishermen's found. From XV. 3.  Kelly, secretary Victoria ''Longshoremen, enclosing $M for Fishermen's  found. lYom W. J. Lamrick, secretary  Itetali Clerk's International 'Protective  Association, No. 279, re Fishermen's defence fund,  THE PARLIAMENTAiRY COMMITTEE  tons; stock In hand from Inst year re-  diuccd; 14,239 tons.      ''  Under the act the Crouds Nest Coal  company should pay on coal, at Ave  cents per ton,-$5,044.70, and on coke,at  nine cents per ton, $5,942.07; royalty  -reserved in crown grant at live cents  per ton, $10,330.15; totalling $21,316.92.  The New Vancouver Coal company  should pay on coal at five cents per  ton, $24,813.  .DiMiamuir's company should pay on  coal, $34,341.12 1-2, and'on coke, $1,731.06  ���a total of $30,072.18 1-2.  ���After Che passage of the act tilie  coal an the coast to the consumer was  Advanced Fifty Per'Cent: Per Ton  of 2,000 pounds. ' Therefore, what the  New Vancouver Coal company sold in  Canada, namely, 65,S02 9-cut long tons,  which would make 62,498 nliont tons,  at an       .   . -  ���  advance  of  50  cents   oar ��� ton  reported as follows:    With reran! to .��,._. _ .   ... ,  ��h�� .��� !���.���,..        ,       1 sam to &utB *nt�� the company's coffers $31,249;  the two letters itemed to us at the deduct   what  they   paid    under  act. I *" ~nt. on what it ib.vngs at the mine  company would pay $5,151.55; whereas  on coke they paid $5,942.07.   The Dunsmuir. company would pay on coal, $2,-  366,27 1-2; whereas on  coke they only  paid $1,731.06. Don't you see that It is  aa plain.', as a nose on a man's face  that this tax has been so fixed so as to  maike it more favorable for Dunsmulr.  Why should he not pay at least Ave  cents a ton on tihe coal used ln making  ilia coke, and as hard as they dared  malte it on his rivals ln business?   Of  course, 'the point may be raised that  Dunsmulr did .not know t'hat It would  work out tliis ���"winy..  But  your-committee is Inclined to the belief that as  a   business   man  and  coal  miner the  knew his business well when he wins  drafting .that  act.    Some onltlc may  say that the Crow's Nest Coal company's coal is superior, .andi therefore,  they should pay more, according to its  value,,into the provincial treasury. We  will,- therefore, see how It.would'work  out  On That Basis:  During the stume session an act .placing  a royalty on the precious metals, was  before the house. In it the royalty Was  fixed,at. two per, cent.; on the smelter  returns. We will, therefore/adopt that  pniiKiple to uhe coal and lix it at two  province lauded Mr, Dunsmulr for his  most sublime unselfishness.    How  he  must have chuckled at their innocent  simplicity.   Mr. Dunsmuir's public utterances are to the cffeot 'that he will  do what he thinks best for the inteiests  of    this    province.    Your  committee  thinks  he does not    forget  his  own,  judging   by." .the   above.   What would  you cull a .man, who, wlten he has the  .power, frames Haws to take an advantage over his nival in business?   Lot  the   peopled answer..,'Your commiRtee  also find that so well pleased were our  legislators .with    this   act   'that  they  ���passed It 'by acclaiiiiiiiation, without a  division.    No  one protested  COMPULSORY AIUJITK���  Writing .to the,.editor of the Bricklayer and Mason, Edward Tregear, secretary of the department of labor of  New Zealand, has the following to say  regarding "parsonal liberty in relation  to compulsory arbitration:"   I,send a  few lines in the endeavor to speak yet  another word to the opponents of compulsory arbitration.    I  reiterate  that,  under tho.iNew Zealand laws,  The.Right to Strike  ,is preserved.    Any, man in any trade  can cease work when he likes; any em-  great wrong being done.   Where were ployar  may look out 'wfllen  he  llk*s-  the people's candidates?     Your com-  What om- law says ls thiU' wben the  mlttee wish it to be distinctly under-  court has  been aPPealei1 '*<>. "�� "*������  stood that It is not    advocating  the sna"  wort<: at tlle t,-ade "-Mudlcated  ;> at   this  lust uieeeting of council:   -Re political  actiori���Your committee wish to report  jHOgress; with regard! to labor commissioners���it also --'wishes to report pro-  jBress;  with  regard   to  the    coal  and  -voice-act of 1900, herewith is handed in,  the following report for your consideration: In it, it will .be observed that  the Hnanclal year, of the province and  '-���SJUe year during which the minister of  autoes' report covers, does not correspond, in that the one ends 30th June  ana the other 31st December.   But that  in .no way makes any material difference In this report as to its correctness;  neither does it alter It  in. the  fact,  that  the  act  was Just in  force  during half of ithe year covered by th3  minister of    mines'   report.    The    eK  months of ithe report before  the act  came into_force will stand for the.six  * months since  the1 report was Issued:  3Report on Coal and.Coke Act of 1909.  During the first session of the ninth  ��� parfilanient of British,Columbia, a bill  was passed intituled1 An Act to Levy  ���',:'&. Tax on Coal and Coke, which .was ito  ttake effect from the first day of July,  3BDQ.    Section 3 of sold' act  reads 'as  Jtoilows:   "Every owner of a coal mine  sitoll pay  to the minister of finance  :������-:������ -a tax of five.cents per ton of two thousand two  hundred  and  forty (pounds  upon all coal (except on shipments to  coke" oveins in the   iprovince),   which,  Since the first  day of July, 1900,' has  been or w-hIch hereafter. shall be ship-  peti, exported, or In any way delivered  ������' -from sold mine after the .coming in ito  i'l force'ot this act." ' Section 4 is similar  to above, but.puts nine cents per ton  on'coke.1   Section 5 reads as follows:  ���*2nhe'taxes imposed by this act shall  tie in addition to all royalty imposed  by any othei> act or in any way re-  , served, to the use of her majesty, but  <: sliall be In substitution for all  taxes  upon tihe land from wlilch said coal Is  mined, so long as said land Is nut used  , tor' other than coal mining purposes,  ..; ��r,upon the land necessarily and actually used for the purpose ot operating  said coke, ovens;'and shall .also'be in  substitution for all taxes upon the personal property used'ln the working of  Iho tfaid coal lands and coke ovens."  "We will now proceed .to see what effect  sudh legislation' hns had and how it  lias worked out with  Regard to the Collieries  in the province. According to the report of the minister of mines for the  areas 1900, between pages 947 and 979  ��b gather the following facts: Thnt  the Crow's Nest Pass Coal company  produced:during 1000, 206,603 long tons;  of ithls total there wns sold in Canada  in coal, 92,926 long tons; exported-, 7,968  lant; tons; used <ln miuklng coke, 103,031  long tons; and produced,' 66,023 long  tons of coke; used under colliery boilers, etc., ��� 2,678 long tons.  New Vancouver Coull company; Rob-  Una, superintendent���-Total output for  yoaiv 579,351 IB-cut (long tone; sold In  Canada, 55,802 9-cut long tons; exported. 440,468:long tons; used under colliery boilers, 7S.S25 16-cut long tons  added to stock during year, 4,665 7-out  iohg tons.        ,.,,.. ,    .  Dunsmuir's mines���Total output for  year^ 804,023 4-cutj long tons; flold in  <Janad*v'221,064 ���17-cut' Iong_. tons; exported," 465,757 13-cut long tons; used  in making coke, 47,352 10-cut long tons;  ��� ->-*�� ���   ���    ii1;:'?-'  tons of coal, whioh produced 19,234 tonu  _  of-coke.-1 If the'tax was .collected'on  andjff'i^Uery'biifew.'^.OlW'^'oui. lonsT'tiw coal the Crow's Nest.Pass Coal  and produced,' 19,234 tons' i>f "colie;' used  namely, $24,813���leaving a balance in  company's "flavor of $6,436., Andi If you  add/ tlhfe taxes rcdensedi under act, which  _>n ,1897 were $4,829.41, It. makes a gain  to,the company of $11;265.41.  Then tihe Dunsmuir's output, treated  by the same process, gives the following results: They sold In Canada 221,-  064 lomg tons, which would moke 247,-  592 Short tons; at am adivance of. flfty  ceaits per ton, yields $123,796; deduct  what they paid dn taxes under act,  $36,072, leading a "balance In company's  favor of $87,724. Andi If you add the  taxes released under the act, which,  In 1897, were $4,434.31, it niaikee, a gain  to company of $92,188.31.  We therefore find thtit the practical  working out of this act has transferred  all the taxes of these two companies,  which .used-to be paid by tihem, on,.to  the. consumers in British Columbia. As  well as collecting $94,160 from the people which is not paid' over to the government, but retained by the two companies���by New Vancouver Coal company, $6,436; Dunsmuir's company, $87,-  724. Or in other words the passage of  this act lias enabled these two companies to _  '��� Collect from the People  $156,0-16, aiiul hand1 over to -tlie government ithe sum of $60,884���"that is to say,  for evtery $20 they paid to the government .they slipped into, their own ;cof-  fere $55. The New. Vancouver coiiipany,  for every���$.�� they paid to the government, $25 went to their own cotters.  But Dunsmulr, this man who works  so hard for the Interests of the province, for every.:$20 he pays to the government, he. slips $70 Into his. own pocket.   There may be a possibility that  these coal companies may v say    tihat  they are seining coal to the local dealers now at. the same price as thoy did'  before the act went into force; but;the  small consumers know, for a fact, that  now they are   paying $6.60 ^or 2,000  pounds of coal, wfliereas tliey only used  to..pay $6.    So some one is reaping a  harvest, if not the companies. .But ns  to the Crow's Nest Pass Coal company,  it.is on quite a dilforent footing:   Its  crown grant contains a clause reserving' a royalty of five ��� cents per ton,  which It is hot rellevedi of under this'  act.    Then  their selling price is  re-  strlcted by a Dominion act_to_$2.24_per  long ton at the tnlne, which, tends td  prevent it from Sliifting it on to the  consumer. . So that  the  taxes of  the  Crow's Nest Pass Coal company nre  materially increased  under    tliis act.  But it would'sceni that even that was  not 'sufllclenit  for the most unselfish  premier of  Bnltlsh Columbia,  who   Is  also a coal baron nnd a rival to the  Crow's  Nest  Pass Coal, , company  in  business,, for. If   we ilnivestlgmte    the  working out of  ��� The! Tax om Coke  we find that it Is so framed that at  nine cents on the ton of coke produced,  it makes. the Crow's Nest Coul company pay, more tham ifive cents a ton  oil the conl used In the production of  4lie.coke. -But in Mr. Dunsmuir's case,  te pays less thaiii five cents on the  ton of coal used In the production of  Mio: coke. "The Crow's Nest Pass Coal  company ' used 103,031- tons of coal,  which produced 66,023 ' tons of coke.  The Dunsmuir company us'iSil '47,325 '1-2  put on the cars, The Crow'sNest Coal  company's iprloe, as ifixed by statute, Is  not to Ibe imore than $2.24 per : long  ton.  The price at tlw minbs on the island  collieries is rather difficult to obtain officiality, so we will have to calculate  it for ourselves:   taking  the  present  prictes -at Vancouver, being $6.50la ton  delivered; allow $1) a ton for: ^varfage,  dues and delivery, 76 cents a' ton for  towing,' and hire of sco��w 50 cents per  ton, profit to middleman for handling,  deduct the above Items, and'. It leaves  the price at the mines $4.25 the short  ton,  or $4.76  the  long ton,  on> which  latter (.he tax Is paid.    ���  'Tlie Crow's Nest : company,  at two  per cent, on the price of a ton, would  pay    ��1.48,    or    nearly    4    1-2    cents  a ton; whereas the Island collerleSj^at  2 per cent", on the price of a. ton, would  pay 9 1-2 cents a ton.    So you can  easily see that that plan would not suit  Mr. Dunsmuir's interests,  and consequently it ls not fixed at a percentage  on- the .value I of what it brings: at the  mine.: The Island colleries, to pay the  some percentage as the Crow's Nest,  Pass companay is doing to-day, at five  cents a ton,,should pay 10 3-5 cents a  ton.   We Will now, see  How "Baali Company Stands  ���under the percentage basis, and under  the act as it stands to-day On their  last year's output:    The'".Crow's Nest  company,  at two per cent,  on value  of last year's output, would have paid!  $9,135.84; whereas, they paid under the  act, $10,986.77, or $1,851.29   more   than  under a two per cent, basis.   The New  Vancouver company, at* 2 per cent, on  value of last year's output, would have  paid $47,144.70; whereas they only paid  under the aot, $24,813, or $22,331.70 less  tJian under a 2 per cent, basis.   Du ns-  muir's company, at 2 per e^nt. on value  of last year's output, Would have paid  $69,893.44; whereas, they only, paid $36,-  072.18 1-2, or $33,821.26 1-2 less than under a, 2 per cent,  basis.    It is, easily  seen now why a percentage basis was  not adopted in this act.   '.Mr.  Dunsmuir's interests were stronger in lilm  than the Interests of the province.  ,'Your committee would also like  to  ���point out the great difference In what  is used under collieiy boilers:   In pro-  ducijig _206,603_tons,_ the-Crow's���Nest  Coal  company used  for boilers,  etc.,  2'678.    The New Vancouver Coal company, In producing 579,351 12-out tons,  used under colliery boilers 7S,525 16-cut  tons.   Dunsmuir's company, In producing ��04,023 4-out tons, used under colliery  boilers  84,087  4-eut  tons.     Why  should there be suoh a dlflerence?  By  the act your comni'lttee takes it thnt  there is no royuity paid on It���thnt ls,|  coal usCii under colfiory 'boilers���consequently it  reduces the sum  paid on  total  amount mined',  aind  works  out  thus:    For  every  ton  mined   by  the  Crow's Nest Coal company it paid to  the government 10 3-10 cents. For every  ton mined by the New Vancouver Coal  company'it paid  to the government,  4 j3-10 cents.   For every ton mined by  the   Dunsmuir  company  It   paid   the  government 4 6-10 cents.   Your committee also wish to'-point out   ,  I This1 Badl Feature  of the aot: Tbat these companies can  close up /their mines, lock out (the men,  iand, not pay on.ecent.of^taxes, to, the  province. ...During the time this bill  ���vnm before the,houee;the press of this  cause of the' Crow's Neut Coal coni'  pany. They can do that for themselves. Its sole desire is to show how  Miv Dunsmulr xvorks In' the Intere&ts  of the province and for, t'he people's  benefit through Ms legislation. All o.  which Is respectfully submitted by  your committee.   .:���    C. CROWDER,  Secretary Parliamentary Committee.  ; Parliamentary . - committee's  was adopted.  repo:t  Re (Labor Commissioner.  The following resolution was unani  mously carried:  , ','Whereas on the 19th of Ootober the  Vancouver "evening World published a  statement purporting to ibe a synopsis  of the proceedings  of the meeting', of  the Vancouver Trades and Labor council of the 10th.������: This report was absolutely false in every particular, as the  council at that meeting or any other  has never censured ex-"Lavor Commissioner, Bremner,  and more  especially  on the occasion referred  to, when  a  motion was unanimously carried that  the  parliamentary  committee ibe   requested to ^inquire into the cause,  if  any, of his dismissal and report ait a  future meeting of. the council; and  '"Whereas���In  this  (Friday)    evening's World  a statement is made lo  the. effect that -iM.r.^Bremner -in ��� some  ways failed to' please \the Vancouver  Trades and Labor council, and in another, place also states, 'Most members  of the parliamentary committee of the  Trades  and  Labor council,  the body  which has this matter under consideration, do riot favor the abolition (of the  office of la.bor commissioner), 'but they  have their awn views as to who should  get the oflice, and they are certainly  strongly opposed .to one name that has  been 'mentioned.'   Both of these statements are untrue, Mr. Bremner having  up-to' now had the full confidence of  this  council;  also   the  parliamentary  committee (has never as yet disoussed  its filling of the vacant position, neither has It expressed an opinion as to  who would be its choice, ;nor, has it  thought about the matter, at all;  "Therefore be It resolvedHrThat the  Trades and Labor council wishes to  place  Itself on a-ecord  regarding  the  whole lot of the statements referred to  as a 'malicious slander on all concerned  In*the Inquiry now being made,  and  also upon iMr. E. P. Bremner, w-ho, as  an officer, we believe endeavored conscientiously to do (his duty fearlessly  with such powers as he had;- and possessed the full confidence of this body,  \vihlch bears witness to his indefatigable efforts on /behalf of the cause of  labor;  on for less wages    than    the    court  awards, nor shall an employer pay his  workman less than the court awards.  If the court says that -wages of bricklayers   within   a particular  industrial j raising,  district shall ibe four, dollars for the  day, of eight, hours for the next 'two  years, that award" does not prevent a  bricklayer   earning  twenty  dollars   a  day.   What it does is to prevent him  taking   three   dollars   a  day,   and   so  helping the sweating, .oppressive kind  of employer to^compete with and conquer the more fair and generous-variety.      If  the Ibricklayer  wishes  to  strike, that is, to leave off.his 'bricklaying work, he is .perfectly free to do  so; ibut heis not free, to out downthe  wages of his mates !by talking less, and  if he wants freedom of that kind, hi  can;go to some other place or iflnd another occupation.   I read with interest | on the B  and pleasure the well-considered arguments against compulsory arbitration  | published iby pou in, a paper by Mr.  W. McArthur.   Only at ithe very base  and fundamentall origin of our views of  the moral Jaw we are at variance.   He  preaches ,  connection with  the    company,    and  wishing him every success in Ills new-  fields of operations.   The address wnj  accompanied  with  a    d'lnincnd    ring,  lueershaum  pipe and  tobacco    pouch.  Mr. Dunn wns taken iby surprise, but  managed  to.-: express his thankfulness  for the valuable tokens in a few well-  chosen words.     Here..' speech-ina'king  was indulged in by a number of Mr.  Dunn's   old  employees, cainong������ whom  were R. Brunt, J. Paxman, S. -Mitchell,^.  J. Pearey, C. Young, A. Elliott and several  others,  including some from  the  New Westminster division.    Mr.  Taylor gave a, well-rendered and (.appropriate song, and as on all occasions of  this sort, especially among so laiw a  body of men,  there is: always a good  story-teller, and the B. C. Electric railway employees boast of having one of'  the best comedians iin this city in the  person of George Lenfesty, who, by his  witty yarn led his hearers to believe,  that  he was an, authority on stock-  At this Juncture an adjournment .was made for 'refreshments,*"on.  the invitation of Mr. Dunn.;  All heartily responded 'by giving three rousing  cheers and a tiger whtn John pearey  toasted   the   health   of   Mr.  and   Mrs.  Dunn, wirhlng them a long and prosperous life. '  T(ie ex-superlntendent and his wife  left by the ss. Mainlander on Thursday night for Seatttle, a large 'number  of their friends seeing them off on  their journey.  "And he lt further resolved���That no  communication or statement be considered authentic concerning the /business  dotie"in_thls_Tra"des and-Labor council unless duly signed toy the secretary,  or appears In the .weekly Independent,  the official orgnn of labor in this city."  ^The Parliamentary committee was  asked to report upon an article appearing in the Dally Province derogatory  to organized labor.  IA motion was passed changing the  time of meeting from the first and  third Friday of eaoh month to the  flrst and third Thursday. Next meeting will be on the 21st November.  The Anniversary.  Resolved���That the Trades and Labor council take steps to celebrate its  anniversary Iby holding a dinner on  Decemlber 5th. The committee arc: J.  H. Watson, chairman; Dickie, Todd,  Isaacs, Spearing.  Personal Liberty,  as .based on the right to strike until  ���in  my eyes���It  obscures    all  truth.  There is a spiritual irfde to man's nature; *and' th'aOf is"'ribt''imere"J���rrage  is proven iby  the  fact    of  how  the  world's religions can sway the affairs  of nations toy appealing to the highir  ���side of man's intellect.   The great religions (such as Ohrlstlanity and Buddhism) all  teach the subordination  of  self, and  even the moral  law,  apart  'from   the   religious,   states that the  ���benefit of the Individual must ,-be subordinate to the 'benefit of the majority.   Looked at Oiy this Iigilit, the personal liberty of John Jones, the bricklayer, Is a thing of naught compared  with the advantage of the Bricklayer  as a whole,   the  abstract  bricklayer,  the entire trade and class of bricklayers.  When John Jones joins the Bricklayers' Union, ihe gives up his personal  right of -Lotion to the collective will of  the whole union, and for him afterwards to prate of being ready to die  for the, sake of personal liberty and  the right to strike, when he has relinquished that right, and must strike  or not,  just as the    majority of his  union,tells him, is cant of an evil sort.  Compulsory Servitude , v  is endured by ali of us. We cannot get  away from it. When an American  marries, he goes into'voluntary servitude; ,his wages, his time, his actions,  are all under a lien for the benefit of  the wife and future children. He is the  better for It, too.   This discipline, thls  MARRIED.  On Tuesday the marriage was celebrated of Mr. H. A. Oibbs, conductor .  C. Electric railway, to Miss  Bthel  A.  Crookall.    'Rev. air.  Tucker  officiated, assisted 'by   Rev. Mr. Roy.  ���Many friends of the happy couple were-  present to witness the ceremony.   Qfiss  Violet Crookall and Miss Rosie Revells  acted as 'bridesmaids and Mr. -A. Bus-  sell was gromsman.    After   the ceremony a wedding breakfast' was par-,  taken  of at  tlie home of  the bride,  Westminster road, after which ,Mr. and  Mrs. GUbos left for southern California .,  to'spend the'Oioneymoon.   The'ibrlde's*"'  presents were  numerous and costly.  .UNIONISTS     SHOULD     EMPLOY  UNION LABOR.  When a capitalist refuses to employ  union   lalbor,   labor  organizations   are  very indignant,  and the capitalist is  denounced and   his  goods  boycotted,  and yet it Is a remarkable' fact that'  the  members  of Jabor' unions,   when  spending union  wages for t'he necessaries  of  life,  frequently    do''exactly  what they condemn the capitalist for  doing, namely, they refuse to employ-  union labor, as Instead of demanding  goods bearing the union lal>el they purchase the product of non-union Institutions  and even    of    penitentiaries.  They   refuse   to   employ  their  fcllon*  unionisits and give sustenance and support to those institutions that are antagonistic to the union cause.   Patronize the label.���Ex.  ELECTRICAL WORKERS.  ���A branch of the International Broth'-*  erhood of Electrical ^Workers Union  was organized in- this city this - week:  Nearly, all the electrical workers ,;.in  the city have joined. Officers-were  elected and a charter sent: for. -This  is a body of men who needed: organizing, as their 'business was gradually  getting worse. AVe remember the time  when  $4.50  a  day was paid   for  this.  sacrifice of our whims for the sake of class of work, but only aibout half of  others, is iwhat makes .men of us, and this Is receiived at the present   dciv  curbs the craze for "personal liberty," The Independent wishes them success,'7  the fetish whose worship is common to and Is pleased that they stand Insldo  the .millionaire employer and the ragged anarchist. We are under compulsion always to national law, to social  custom, to our wives and' families, to  our trade unions. A little more "compulsory servitude," namely, under an  award of the arbitration count for the  'benefit of all our 'brother Workers ln  that trade, will hurt none of us.  Yours faithfully,  EDWARD   TREGEAR  Wellington, .New Zealand.  the lanks of organized la'bor.   Shake!  .We congratulate the unions of San  Francisco on their sucoess In electing  their candidates for mayor aa well as  several, aldermen. -  -  ; Choice seeded raisins,, three' packages'for twenty-five cents. At the City  Grocery. '  PRESENTATION.  On Tuesday evening the reading  room, so kindly set'apart 'by the B. C.  Electric company for the exclusive use  of its employees, was the scene ot one  of those ibright occasions which go a  long way towards making life worth  the living. 'It was the presenting of an  address to Superintendent Dunn by the  .men on his retirement from tlie service.  Traffic Supt. J. Rannie, on behalf of  his lanje staff .of-employees,1 read the  testimonial of appreciation'. to the  hoble,worth.of-t_ie honored guest,- expressing ,.-.regrets at;-his severing .his  33. P. Johnson, the genial  secretary  of. the'Barber's union, called to state  that it was  not with his permission  that his partner Dlbden took the card  out of the window and made the O. K.  barber shop of Hastings street nonunion. He has been ln quarantine some  time with  his little   Child,  who   had  scarlet  fever.    "Port"    Is a   staunch'  unionist and his many friends sympathize with hlni in his trouble.   He, ia  nlso loud in his praises of the union  for  the 'kindness shown , (him'   while-  quarantined nnd sick.  At a special meeting of the Nanaimo  Typographical union the-treasurer, Mr.  H. Mulack, was instructed-to* forward  a donation of $10 to the Extension relief fund, and $6^0 the ' FlshermenV'-  union, and the secretary, -Mr.-'R. D.-R.-"''  Ramsay, to write expressing the "regret '"  of the union that the sums were"nbt''  larger.   Messrs. E."'C. Beard, H. Mu-"  ���lack and'J. R. Miller-were appointed -  delegates   to  the  Trades arid" Labor *��  council.   ��� '''' <ti''.  '''-Ili-^':7^��^r2^i.y^:y^-^l  mi  I  Mils a \  \  TnE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY NOV. 9, W0��  THE INDEPENDENT.  PUBLISH WD'    WEEKLY   IN*  THE  IN-  TEItES'lS OF THE __L\S31��S  THE 1NDRTENDRXT PRINTING COMPANY.  BASKM+.XT     Oh*     FI-ACK     ULOU'K  HASTINGS STRIiET,  VAN-  COl'VER, U. C.  SniSCRUTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week  months, ,  one hmv,  j cent's; month, ir, cents; till'  3 cents,   .six iiiiiiulis, 03 cents;  .?l._o.  ISNDOKSiCD 11Y THE   TUAOKS    AND  IjAEOR  COL'NCLL,   TIIE  V.VNCOl  VEIt    l_AUOR    l'ARTY    AND   THE  BUILDING  TltADHS COUNCIL.  <e .'on  SATURDAY..  .NOV.  1901  BtL AND THE DEACON.  The independent lnlbor party of this  < .province i.s very inuuh alive to the  .present political situation. Word conies  from our different centres ot population and strongholds in .the interior as  well as from the capital city that the  new party movement is galhciing  great strength. This is not to ibe wondered at, for i.sn't this tihe most rotten  'governed colony of the empire'.' Whnt  with corporation controlled 'legislators  and bocdlo hunters it is but one Ions*  continued'round of blissl'ui graft, till  at last the time has arrived when the  fair name of Rritish Columbia abroad  is now considered nothing but a byword and a bubble. It there was ever  an opportunity in the history of this  (province when the reform forces should  ]Kjol tissues in the common* caujo of  the people it is nt the present juncture. The coal and coke act, so ably  gone into iby the parliamentary committee of the local Trades and Labor  council,   should   condemn  any  leijisla-  i  tor im 'being opposed  lo 'the  interests  of his constituents ami recalled as a  disgraced representative. Will the  elector.-! of this province sliml for i  member of Che cabinet, the llrst niinip-  ter of the crown at that, to take advantage of his 'position to enact legislation to further his 'business interests,  as opposed to those ot another heavily  subsidized rival. These and many  other matters are now 'being seriously  considered by those having the welfare of the country ut heart In preference to that of Party. We want  .party government���the national constitution provides for it���but not llie  (kind of party 'built on the old tory  or snt design, namely, a party .that  worships and feeds the idols of llel and  the Dragon. AVe hiino tolerated this  political idolatiy long enough, and the  new party movement, with Its Daniel,  will arise with a solid .united frunt  and slay those luonsteis of tyrannical  capitalism and free the down-trodden  slavi's of corporate rule. The independent reformers of this city are girding  on their armor for the fray, w.liich is  bound to happen shortly. Organization work has already started ito down  Dunsiiiunrism in this province.  THE LABOR DEPARTMENT.  The modus operandi adopted by the  dominion ^roverninent in conducting the  affaire of the department of labor must  strike those who have observed as  ibelng one of hesitation���a desire not to  be obtrusive���as if afraid of offending  someone or something if it made itself  felt: an apologetic attitude, In fact, deprecating its very existence at nil. We  are willing to concede all credit to the  government tor creating the department. The record of our appioval, as  we said in a previous issue, is in the  renewal  of confidence   In  the   present  a weakness for which the people were  not prepared. We have heretofore  spoken of the'government collectively  In this matter. Some distinction must  in justice ibe made in qualifying the  I'alilnv ot" n.s personnel. There are  thu-v who believe that If the Hon. Mr.  Mulock was not hampered ln carrying  'his Intention:* to a conclusion that the  department of labor would have been  an entire success. We can readily behove there is .a world of truth in this  assertion. Where are those who .lave  ewr come in contact with the dry  bones at Ottawa���which some have the  temerity to call poiitii-luns and stu-  ili-nl* of political economy? Who can  imagine any great number of these representatives as comprehending, or  even attempting to comprehend, anything beyond the stupid party prejudice with which they aie steeped and  all the soul-dwarf lng tricks to which  'tills! leads? Where hnve they 'a'll,  save, perhaps, one of these ministers  of the ciown, any argument that will  s-liiclcl them from the charge of instituting tins department of labor as a  more 'party trick, whioh their recent  action would seem to indicate? Conditions are so that legislation along different lines from that of the past nuis-t  come. If our politic-inns were as discerning as what they too often get  credit for beim? the labor problem  would 'bo .met and successfully negotiated. The people will Insist that a  bona 'fide attempt to do this must bo  made and we do not think that the  name of tlle political machine which  undertakes the work will be a consideration with tliem.  The Dominion byo-elections will not  take .place till winter, when climatic  conditions will assist us In snowing  under the other fellows, says an ex-  chnnge.  Vancouver merchants carry as iline a  line of union made shoes ns can be  bund In the Pncillc west. Vancouver  union men should call for and accept  none but union made shoes.  If reports are correct the bond of a  fisherman will not be acceptable to  him, no matter whether he owns property or not. AVe have seen a list of  the names submittted to Mr. Howser.  About half of them are fishermen and  the others old-time citizens, and all  thoroughly reliable men. This should  be sutllcient to satisfy the representative of the crown, especially In a country that boasts so much about Its freedom and justice for Its subjects. There  are a good many people In this city  who think that In this llshernien's  tioublc .Mr. Howser has gene a. little  out of his way, so much so Hint lt looks  more like persecution than prosecution.  'Itegardlng u pioposoil horse show  several owners limvc expressed their  willingness to enter their line' specimens!,   it's now up to the promoters.  There is not another city in tlie country that can boast of a 'liner line of  union made cigars than A'ancouvei.  Kiery true union limn should see that  the box bears the blue label.  I'lio first railway systems of the  world were inaugurated in tlie following ye.il*: England, Sept. 27th, 1S2J;  Austria, Sept. 30th. 1S2S; France, Oct.  ind, 1S2S; America, Dec. 2Sth, 1S2S: 13el-  rlum,  31:15-  311I.   1S35;  Germany.   Dec.  th, 1S35; liussia, April 4th, 1S3S; Italy,  Sept. Jth. 1S39.  The Argus-, a- new weekly published  at Akron, Ohio, in the inteiests of  trade 'unionism and such matters, has  reached our desk. It is a six-page four-  column paper, the typographical appearance and letter press of which is  very creditable to the publishers. AVe  wish it a long and prosperous career.  On .second thought, that scheme to  have a restaurant In tho proposed new-  library building, next door to the city  hall, would not prove an advantage.  The supposed convenience would not be  of much service to the civic employees,  it is asserted, because they hardly have  time to eat. On tho other hand���no,  this hand���it would be made too much  of a bummers' roost for the aldermen  and their friends, who hang round the  committee room attending meetings,  etc., which are held almost any old  time If they didn't have to take a  wane onco and a while to their meals,  how would they ever get any exercise  or any new and progressive ideas?  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  Like as Not.  Can there be any truth In the report  that  Mackenzie and 'Mann  were seen  looking;  out   of   the   AA'orld's editorial  windows?���Ladysmlth  Leader.  ress  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall, 1301.  Every wan table kind of material Is  Included In this showing of ours. AVe  (lovoledi considerable time to Uhe picking of these goods, which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  In the unapproachable assortment,  from which wc mention a few of the  weaves we have In' the latest designs  and shades.  JSWROIilN'E, VENETIANS.  ITOMESPUN'S, CHEVIOTS,  SUITINGS, BROADCLOTHS,  FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  XVe ash you to call and see them.  AVe 'know tlhe price will do the rest.  Arter many unsuccessful experiments  and trials on alloy of aluminium has  been made with which nails, staples  and tacks can be made to compete with  copper. Among oilier advantages  claimed for the new material is that  it is not affected by the weather and  will not deteriorate, its In laying roofs,  lmlnif  tanks,  etc.  John D. Rockefeller is woith lour  hundred millions of dollars, lie never  made a single dollai of It. He Mot the  key to the store house of nature and  ihe working men delivered the goods.  Rockefeller says that God give him  his wealth. I don't 'know about that.  I was not there when the gift was bestowed, and I would waul witnesses  of more reliability than Rockefeller.���  13.  V. Dobs.  government, at the last elections  They must not, howevr, be deluded into imagining thait when the department  was simply organized Its work was  accomplished. The) people the dominion over accepted the governnn m's  pre-election effoits as an earnest of the  Laurier administration's good inli-n-  tions, and as tin Indication of Its  strength nnd a.billty in grappling with  tliiH question ol industrial balance.  The flrst efforts might not be reasonably expected lo have marked success,  but even tills wns not 'wanting, nnd  with such encouragement It wns assumed that a,new era wan. about to  dawn that would make for real prosperity throughout the dominion. We  can testify for this pi evince the ^ood  of the department's flrst endeavors,  and we have always given the department Itself this credit,- but now it  would seem its success was due not  to any wise policy projected by the  head of tlicf department, Ibut hy its  representative in British Columbia.  The fact  Bhat the    government    has  I3rltl��h Columbia once had its Hon.  Mr. Keebe. who caused (|Ulte a sensation during 'his brief term of otlieo,  but has since returned to thu pursuits  o-fth,--fnrni-rit-wlnch-occii|iation-lic-iK  moving himself singularly successful.  Hut our Reebe In his pnlml'-st days  irau'r could hold a candle tn the now  famous Malice, of Ontario, ivn-ntly of  Ohio, who .has been of late the largest  Issue In the politics of that province.  The so-called "yellow journals" as  11 rule are I ho friends of the organized  labor movement und are styled "ye|.  low" simply because they (k-tend the  masses and expose the short-conilngs  i'l' the privileged clashes. This state.  miMii seems especially true lu the case  of Hearst's Chicago Ainrlcnii. which Is  a strictly union paper und has never  lest un opportunity lo sny a good word  "or trade unions and for the musses.  >W wish there were more of the "yellow" journals of the latter type published. The New A'ork. boycotted, rat  Sun Is loudest In its denunciation of  "yellow"   journalism.���Duluth   AArorld.  We cannot commend Mr. Bowser for  the way ho ihas been acting with regard'  to Frank Rogers' case. 'He seems to  mailed and retreated from what It I think that It makes no -difference how  Brat attempted to accomplish discloses I long a ipoor (fisherman remains in jail.  State-Paid Doctors.  This reform may seem a long wny  off. Yet, as it has common sense in its  favor, and as things move quickly In  this age, tlie day* may not be so very-  far distant whon the skilled in knowledge of the human body, and capable  of applying remedies In the cure of its  various ills, will be salaried slate officials.���Kingston Times.  The Reason for It.  AVe cannot see'Why Canadians should  be required or expected to exercise more  self-sacrifice than the English people  do in displaying their loyalty to the  Crown. They cannot do the Crown  any good by stopping work on the  King's .birthday, nor would they show  any disrespect either to .the crown or  its wearer by working on that day.���  Hamilton Herald.  Tyrannical Judge.  A federal judge should be fairly conversant with present-day conditions,  needs and progress, lie should be a  factor in the Improvement of society,  rather ithan the champion of a class.  "I have never known of a strike that  was not accompanied by intimidation  and violence," declared Judge Raker, of  Indianapolis, from the bench. And this  .is one ot the men who ruthlessly wield  the injunction power.���Typographical  Journal.  Vancouver Meets Sunday.  Many typographical unions moot on  Sunday. It is the only day on which  all of the members have an opportunity to get together. During the examination of one witness in the Bessette injunction case ithls fact was  mentioned. "What," said Judge Balcor,  of Indianapolis, "you hold your meetings on Sunday? You appropriate'the  Lord's Day to the transaction of your  union business.-" And yet this man Is  a. judge!���Typographical!  Journal.  Convlotlons Demanded,  "in the second trial of Rogers et al  for marooning Japanese during .the  tis-hennen's strike, the jury hnve disagreed. A change of venue took place,  the crown-desiring a_jury-Of_rarmers  to try the ease." Capitalism in its  blind, brutal arrogance glows bolder  and more Imperious every dny and in  British Columbia lit any rate jommiis to  be dragging tihe state and even the  crown In its wake. If the above quotation represents the true slate ol' iit-  falrs. nothing more liidi-n-nl or mote  subversive of justice eotiiil well ibe Imagine.1. A Jury impanelled in Un- ordinary way falls to convict, and something that Is called the crown demands  u verdlut In accordance wllh Its own  desires or Interests. A Jury ol farmers Is now to lie tried; maybe they  will 'be found to have ns much common sense as other folks. Why not  draw up the kind of verdict they want:  summon the mllltla and demand subscription to it nt the point ot .bayonets?���Winnipeg Voice.  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  AVe reach wherever the mails reach.  "PAYSTREAK" PARAGRAPHS.  The traditions of partyism will in all  likelihoood divide the coast into two  hostile camps under the liberal and  conservative banners.' tA solid labor  party from Kootenay and the Boundary can control tlie balance of power.  In tho attorney-general's department  Dunsmuir has let everything go as it  looks, and Eberts has made a beautiful  burlesque of the administration of justice. Eberts Is the 'Paid assassin of  cannery companies, .fishery combines,  railway corporations, and he has no  more right to be attorney-general than  he has to wear the wings and blow  the horn of the angel Gabriel. By the  prostitution of the courts he came  within an ace of rousing n civil war  on  the Fraser and  In  Rossland.  In regard to the disallowance ot the  Mongolian restrictions. Dunsmuir has  been the innkest kind of a chubber.  The Ottawa government has made the  provincial legislature look like a dirty  duee in a new deck, andiDunsinuir has  nol the stamina to play back. Laurier  has turned down' the British Columbia  acts down for imperial reasons and  Premier James sits by as helpless as  the clams his father used to dig in  English Bay. A few more imperial  reasons will put British Columbia on  the hike.  i l ����������������������������� ������������������> *>����������������� ����o��������  ..  <���  n  0  <���  <���  il  il  n  n  n  il  n  il  il  n  0  <���  il  (I  il  il  il  �����  it  it  0  n  o  il  n  is tlie motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always have employment with us.  Union Mutual Life InsuranceCo  PORTLAND, MAINE. Incobi-obatkd 1848.  Call or write for particulars and plans  Head Office : '419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  |  it  n  o  <���  <>  <>  n  o  o  <��  u  n  n  ������  <>  i\  n  <���  <���  n  n  <>  n  <>  <���  <���  ����������������������� �������������������������������������������<���������������������$����������  ROGERS ALLOAVIDD BAIL.  Chief Justice .McColl .Wednesday allowed bail Jn the [Rogers case, ilixlm  t'he amount at ?2,009, with sureties for  ,i similar sum. .His Lordship explained  that 'his ruling meant that Itogers  would have to .put up his personal 'bond  for $'..,000. and that any number of  others who might desire to do so, might  combine to guarantee a like sum.  When you aie requiring flour, remember Venu's; it la all the rage.  Sold onlyliy the City Grocery company.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, tlio sunshine of California, 50c boi'.lu, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  Now I.s the time to act. A convention should be called at some central  point, delegates summoned from every  polling division in the Interior, a simple  an deflective platform laid down and a  crusade launched to organize political  clubs in every camp. The propaganda  -hould be placed -before every elector  in the country. Then -when election  '.line comes victory will .be easy and  ihe affairs of British Columbia will be  placed in .the hands of men who think  moie of the welfare of tlie .province  than of the .spoils of olllce.  Telephone 1���2���5. for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  The"  mum EX1B  Drink Red Cros9 Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Flint's Dyspepsia TaMeitB are. guaranteed to restore failing appetite and  oorreo* any kind of atomsich trouble.  SO e. box. MoDoweU, AUdiia, Watson  Co.  If Great Britain cannot settle her  foreign affairs without ruining her  colonies it Is time for Great Britain to  go out of the colonization .business  altogether. AVe have a country hero  that Is worth half a dozen Great Biit-  ulns so far as natural resources are  concerned, and British Columbians do  not propose to make it a province of  China or Japan for the smke of the  open door policy. Great Britain Is  making the same mistakes to-day that  Spain made thiee hundred' years ago.  All the lessons of history are wasted  on the British government and only a  repetition of the little affair of '7C  will-iemove-the-blliidfold-from-Angll-  cun eyes.  if British Columbia cannot get the  nntl-MongolInn laws lt wants under  ihu Hritlsh flag It Is time lo switch  our allegiance and liny the stars and  stripes. This province would lie welcomed to inn statehood In the big republic at any time, mid could hmvc  Mongolian 'disallowance until further  urdi'i'.x as a condition of admission,  liivat Britain has no rights of ownership that British Columbians arcbound  lo respect', and it the mother country  cannot afford to .permit ub lo make our  own laws we cannot afford to commit  suicide In order to continue the ulle-  glance. Loyalty is nil right, but imperial reasons are a modkery to a hungry man.  Having the Only Dp-to-Date Drill Room  in B. 0. which in ltHolf ih tt ^imrKiitee  oi a First-Clans Hotel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  Hardie o& Thompson  Marine and flciicral ���=^  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  520 Cordova St. W��� VanccuvkhI B. C. Til. 76  Pftteatcos and designers or the Hardfo-  Thompson water tube holler, now high  speed reversing onglucs, and special  machinery in light facetious for mines.  Propellers Designed,   engines Indicated ahd  Adjusted.  i  Bole agentk In I). C. and N.* W. Territories for  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.  Tbe Balmoral  o  o  , HAKES A SPRCIALTY OP . .  Dewor's special Liqueur, also ��� ���  usiier's Black Lotei Liqueur wnisky  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  COBNER COltDOVA AND CiREALL.      I  ������������������ ����������������������������<>  GRILL ROOM..  HEADQUAnTKIia FOR ALL KINDS QY  Game of nil  kinds ; Clam  Chowder: t >  *   Beefsteak Puddings and all Bliort or-  i * deru a bpecmlty. < ���  Open Any and night.   Spcciul attcn-  i * tion given to banquets and dinners.      <'  V    C. THOU RET      -     -      Manager    ��  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters (or the engineering trade  ln Vancouvor.  CHOICEST^���-GS^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from SO cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  When you want to bire a flrat-olua  horse axai bu*B7, go to the Palace  livery atableo.  Telephone IK.  Tbe Mat.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one,   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  $AVOY  THEATRE  8. Simmon General Manager.  J Towhhknd Stage Manager.  Week Commencing  Monday, Oct. 28  A Show for the People.  �����"Qu��^nW^Md_Quality'C^T_ibined:,���,"  UHHEB  Alexandria: Lager  Is a pure, wholesome beverage,  and contains no harmful ingredients. It is highly recommended as a tonic for weak' and  debilitated people.  Doering & Marstrand  ' '-      TELEPHONE 4291.  From Their Nanalmo, (southfield _ud  Protection Island Oollierle*,  Steam, Gas and  House Cool  Ol the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tbe Mln*.  WaahadNutand  Bc*��eniai|i����  ^   ' SAHUXL M. IW. BIN8, BapeiinteBtat.  XTAXB, COLUUM A KVAN8. Attn*.  ���    VNMOVTWrCltr, 8.0. ^  1  ,!  ^J^gi^SS^a7!!!^^^1SUSaai!^!la LJJUWMflM.J.lW^-^^"1'-1-  ---������>'V---".i.".���,������::..��������������� ' -'rvim^rl ���\��  SATURDAY .7.NOV. 9, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  MV RAILWAY ORDER,  'An Ottawa despatch says that a  movement Is on foot to organize an  ���order to be taiown as the Canadian Or-  ���der of'Rallwaynien, independent of the  International bodies, which control the  various orders in Cunadn. Those dl-  -rectly Interested In 'the movement are  the engineers, the llt'emen, the trainmen, the conductors and the telegraph-  ��� er.s. Recent developments are respon-  -slble for the new movement, as it has  Jtteen demonstrated 'to Canadian railroad men thut as an organized body  .tihey liave no  prestige  in  their   own  ��� country, owing to their connection with  International organizations.   Canadian  .railway men remit over $130,000 a year  ��� to tlio headquarters of these International associations in the United States.  If sufficient encouragement ls given to  llie movement, steps will be taken to  ���call a convention to aneot in Ottawa  towards the enJ. of the 'present month  to establish a grand division. In the  prospectus Just issued, and' distributed  among railway men on this dhiision, dt  Is set out that  The Objects  ��� of llie new organization are: To bring  .the lilve classes of railway labor In  Canada Into closer contact for their  mutual .benefit and 'protection; lo make  it a national organization ito be conducted and governed by Canadian ex-  ��� eoutlves; to further the interests of  the members and form a fraternal body  ��� to assist its inem'bers in sickness and  disability; .to provide an insurance department; to'promote favorable legislation for railway employees, and to oppose unjust anti-railway legislation; to  .limit by practice and organization and  regulate the supply of tkllled railway  ���employees In the operating departments tor 'the 'purpose  of alleviating  ���the privations and sufferings which  bear iheaivlly on t'he unemployed railway wage-earners, and Indirectly upon  all engaged in transportation, through  ��� the unnecessary over-pioducllon of  railway employees, 'and >to pintect the'  interests of its members under all con-  -dltlon.s that may nri.=e. Thp proposed  order will  Curtail Expenses  *by doing awny with class organization  ..-and placing the affairs Jn one corporate  body, rendering It unnecessary to contribute to the maintenance of live  grand lodges,-and finally to insure recognition with railway property managements by placing- affairs in the  iinn'd of grand oflicers who are British  .subjects, and. therefore, not liable to  be placed Iin the 'humiliating position  ���of being refused an audience'on.  account of Ibs'ir.g foreigners. The Inland  . Sentinel says of 'the matter Unit Canadians are fully coi.ipetent to manage  their own all'.-ilrs there Is no room for  doubt, as there are in Canada some of  the besL men in the railway service.  Commenting upon tlie report the Railroad .Trainmen's Journal says thnt it  lias no fear that the membeis of the  Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen, in  the dominion, will give the matter  much consideration unless It be to oppose it with nil their strength, for  with the several circulars, pertaining  to tlie proposed organization, that have  /been sent in to its oflice liave come In  every instance  Assurances of Loyalty  ii  to the Brotherhood.   According to 'the  Journal the new "movers" have started off on a little different plan from  the others and appeal to the national  feeling of Canadian Ibrethren and urge  them to drive out the hated1 foreigner  and establish their own men In oillce  and organization and lay particular  stress upon the fact tha't they need officers who will not be ���denied audience  because they are not British subjects,  a claim that will not stand for a minute, says the Journal, as far as the  .Brotherhood of Trainmen Is concerned,  "for 'they .have jnade_splenditl_contracts  ���on the Canadian railways, their odi-  ���cers have been courteously received,  land enjoy 'the friendship and esteem  of the officials of the ronds of Cnnnd.i  .and their members lenow It. The Journal does not hesitate to affirm that the  ���experience of��the other railway organizations, representing ithe train and  engine service Is the same., ,  members, and didi some very effective  work.  One of our members, Bro. W. J. Lam-  ridk, has been appointed by the international 'body as organizer for B. C.  We think there will soon be some more  locals ln this iprovinee. Any person  desiring to have any Information about  jolnsiig the Ideal here hove only to  drop lilm a line to .US Princess street,  when 'they will 'h.ive blanks furnished  them.  -A deputation 'Was appointed to wait  upon the Itetall Grocers' Association  to confer with that .body regarding  having u by-law passed similar to the  one in effect In the gents' furnishings  and boots and shoes.  Now, in conclusion, Ur. Editor, I appeal to nil union men and all members  of their families never to go Into a  store without "demanding the clerk's  working card. The color for (his quarter Is blue.     ONE OF THE CLERKS,  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS AND JOINERS.  The last regular meeting of tlie  United Brotherhood of Carpenters and  Joiners was 'held In union hall, Thursday, Oct. 24t'h. The attendance of members was good, all of the officers 'being  present, with the exception of Becord-  Ing Secretary MeMulIen. His .place,  however, was ably Hilled by Bro. Fred.  Coflln, who is an experienced hand at  the business. .Tlie delegates to Trades  and Labor council reported the council as being in a progiesslve condition,  and transacting ,���). large amount of  business. One message to organized  labor transmitted through the council wus to see when buying a broom It  had the" unioi. label attached. The  union Is sorry to announce the fact  that, notwithstanding the Saturday  half-holldny regulation, carpenters ar'_  working on a good many jobs ���throughout the city on Saturday afternoons,  particularly has this ibeen noticeable  oh a couple of brick buildings on Hastings street. Readeis of The Independent will 'kindly take notice that carpenters working In Vancouver on Saturday afternoon are acting the part of  "(���"cabs," and nre -doing themselves and  their fellow erufsnieu aivery serious injustice. PRESS COMMITTEE.  Among our visitors this week waj  Thomas L. 'Wilson, fourth vice-president of the International Association  of llnehijilsK Mr. Wilson is on a tour  of Investigation, and is much pleased  with the outlook of his order in the  west, ns well as elsewhere. He says  that out of the 2,000 men who have  been on strike during the past six  months only nine deserted the union,  v. Inch is a grand showing of the stability ol the .Machinists' association.  He will return from the Sound cities In  the course of a fortnight or so.  The Parliamentary committee of the  Trades and,Labor council will meet on  Wednesday night.  The meetings of the Vancouver Poultry and Pet Stock association will commence for the .season on Nov. ISth.  A Cleveland, O., dispatch says that  ns the result of the failure of the Lake  Canieis' Association to advance the  v-.ij.es of the sailors for the fall season  In accordance with the usual custom,  the members of the Cleveland branch  ol the International Seamen's Union  have held n meeting and formulated  demands tor an immediate advance.  Sailors ask SI.73 per day for steamboats and $2 tor sailing vessels. Similar action will be taken by union jsail-  or.s at other lake ports, and If the advance is not granted a general strike  may result.  BY THE WAY  It now seems that the expected number of Finnish colonists on Malcolm  Island, In the event of the negotiations  for their settlement thereon prove successful, are somewhat over-estimated  by some'of those specially interested ln  the matter in Victoria, The colony  will take several years to develop, and  its maximum number will, In Its earlier  stages, probably not exceed a thousand  souls.  It seems that the Australian Government has carried Its protective tariff  by a. considerable majority, an Opposition amendment having been negatived after u. protracted debate of 27  hours, Involving an all-night sitting.  The Free Traders of New South Wal*s  will be ��reatly disappointed by the  result, though they can scarcely be  gieatly surprised, as the other Australian States have hitherto been more  or less protectionist.  Somebody seems to have been circulating a "cock and bull" story to the  effect that the City authorities cannot  suppress gambling in saloons and other  premises, by reason of an ordinance  permitting gambling on unlicensed premises up to a. dollar a Umlt. Public  gambling is, of course, everywhere suppressive by tlie statute law* of the land,  and under the Liquor Licenca By-law  of the City, ls specially penalised under  our legal code, which forbids the carrying on gambling or the playing of any  unlawful game upon licensed premises.  The general law provides for the suppression of public gambling elsewhere.  II. Mercadler, of Paris, lias prov  cd that under a 'telegraphic patent of  his, he can enable the simultaneous  tiansmission of any messages over the  same wire or cable. Thus sixteen  were thus sent at one time the other  day, over trie veiy considerable mileage between Paris and Bordeaux. If  .this should prci,-e equally possible, as  is more than likely, over the long distances represented by ocean cables, M.  Merc.idier's invention will enormously cheapen ocean telegraphy, by its facilitation of the sending of a great number ol messages, in lieu of but one,  over a single whe. The French practical scientist, M. Mercadler, a professor of the Ecole Poly technique, Paris, will in such case have contributed  eiioriiiVnisly to the facilities of communication between the most distant  pants  of our Empire,  thus advancing  iNi-w raisins, new currants, new  peels, quality guaranteed satisfactory.  Price the lowest.   At the City Grocery.  THE CLERKS.  After a very quiet summer the Retail Clerk1* hnve again got down to  having good meetings, but' It yoenis  strange 'that the clerks are so lax in  attending to their own Interests, but I  .suppose it.Is because tihe union men of  our city nre so much afraid to;_ipeuk  ���out openly and demand   the working  ��� card of the clei*. As was said in one  of. your recent issues', you should seo  the clerk's expression change when ihe  is asked for his card, oa'one who has  his card is always ���willing to show It,  ' an dlt is only Iby the 'union men' demanding the-'card that we can force  the non-union clerk to Join our asso-  ��� elation.   At'our last meeting we had  :a reviva;],/.as' we initiated', th'nee.,new  The   stenographers  and   typewriters  of Victoria are organizing a union.  Dr. F. S. Reynolds, of Ashcroft, has  taken-u]5~hi_rwinter residence in this  city, and will publish In the near future a new paper to appear on Monday mornings.  UNION BAKBBR SHOPS.  The following ls a complete list of  union barber shops ln Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley'8 Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  The Whittler Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street. '  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeylandO���  Granville street, under Trorey's.  A. O. McCutoheon, Mount Pleasant.  ���  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova Street.  MAIKB .A MOTIOy.'AT THE NEXT  'MEETING OF YOUR UNION TO INSTRUCT THE SECRTARY TO COM-  MIUNIOATE THE NEWS,CONCERNING YOUR CRAFT TO THE INDEPENDENT. '  greatly the prospects of closer Imperial unity, coiTimeicial and otherwise.  It is satisfactoiy to learn, on the authority of Mr. Rcld, a leading merchant of Port of Spain, Trinidad, that  1 artly as a result'of 'the feeling at  citizenship of the same great Empire,  business men of Trinidad nnd other  ���West India islands are importing largely increased quantities of. Canadian  flour. This will continue, provided  that the high quality of the produce  be maintained, whilst the West Indies  can in return, send to Canada quantities of fruit and other tropical produce, incf.pn.ble of production within  our borders, but increasingly in demand  in Canada. " _ .  A recent decisive British victory in  Nigeria, in which the Emir o�� Zaberu  was defeated, will make. another distinct gain for civilization in Central  Africa. The horrible cruelties of slave  raiding on the pait of the'"dark Continent," and these are ghastly and be-  \ond description,'will now forever end  in a vast region brought under Biitish  protection. ' .  If the London , "Times,", which is  usually well-informed on|Chinese and  Russo-Chineso affairs, Is correct, Japan  is likely to gain her point as to the  evacuation by the Russians of Manchuria, or the bulk of that great Province of China. The "Times" states  in effect thn.t.so costly in blood and  treasure���especially the latter, of which  Russia thinks by far the more���'has  been 'the occupation of Manchuria, that  the Muscovites are disposed; to withdraw* thence, after making due pro-  vision-for-the-protection-of-het���railroad Interests. Motives of tlnanclal  self-preservation, rather than a. desire  to yield to Japan in the matter seem,  therefore, to be behind Russia's decision In tlie matter. It .will, if made  on llie Hues suggested, make the Oriental Kltua'ilon, moix; satisfactorily  peaceful than It bas been.���News-Advertiser.  UNION CIGAR FACTORIES.  iFWBowijig Is o. list of the Union cigar factories in Bnltish ColumWa who  use -tine blue laibel:  "W. Tietjen, No. 1���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Oo. No. 2���Division No. 88,  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Divtteion .No. 38, Kamloops.  B. WUberg & Co., No. 4���MvteVon No.  38, New Westminster.  T. Wtojostaok, No. 0���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kelowna Shippers' Unton Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, kelowna.  Wlrlgtht Broa, No. 9���Division No. 38,  Rossland.  Kootenay Cllear Manufacturing Company, No. 10���Division No. 38, Nelson.  Metre & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, Vtaioria.  M. Banulay, No. S-DdvtsJon No. 37,  Victoria.  dafand Clgaar HaldtOi. y, S. Norman, No.  6���Division No. 37, V'tdtoria.  Provtlnce Cigar <3o.. No. 7���oravaalon  No. 37, Victoria.  A. SWtuioter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Ga-bJo, No. 9���Division No. 37, Nanaimo.  J. Lory, No. li���'Division No. 37, Vic.  torla.  ,M. J. Booth, No. K���iDIvteloa No. 37,  Nanalmo.  C. G. Bdhneen���'Division NVj. 37, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 5���Division No.  3S,  Revelstoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Division' No. 3S,  Sandon.  Fhelin & McDonough, No. 12���Division 3S, Nelson.  P. O. BOX Me. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  WlIOLESALK   AGK.ST8 FOB  TUCKET CIGAR CO.. UNION LABEL CIGARS  monogram,        marguebita,       bouquet,  our special, el justillo,  el condor,      sarantizados,       schiller,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  -waaamssmsas  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  COUNCIL-Presddent, John Crow: vice-  president, W. 3. Lamrick; secrotary, T. H.  Cross; financial secretary, *VV. J. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician, W.  McKtssock; sergeant-at-anns, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday in  each month, nt 7.30 p.m., ln Union hall,  corner Dunsmiuir and Homer streets.  TRADES  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Clubb & Stewart, Cordova street. '  W. Murphy, Cordova etreet.  MdR'ae & McDonald*, Hastings street,  east.  - J. B.' Sheering, Cambie otreet  : E. Larsen, Jjlastings Street.- ,   ,.  J. OarreBi, Oontava rtreet.   ' '��� .  Simon & Oo., Cordova street -   .,,  AND   LABOR   CONGRESS  OF CANADA.  We desire to call the attention of unions not yat affiliated with the congiess  to the following:  "The betterment of the conditions of  the  Canadian   wage-earner  of   to-day  depends in a great measure upon legislation, aa-bitartlon and conciliation.   To  i  obtain legislation we 'must adopt the  ruling spirit cf the age, and 'combination.' The capitalists recognize in this  a successful and powerful weapon. Legislation is imperative for the future  growth and prosperity of our movement, and the congress and its representatives must receive the undivided support of organized labor in Canada in Its efforts to obtain legislation  for *the amelioration of the conditions  of our Canadian wage-earners. Let us  seek legislation from, 'the Dominion  Government and Provincial Legislatures through a central stei'te that will  be supported by the branches and  sprouts of organized labor In every  nook And corner in. Canada. There  muat ibe a head to every movement,  and until organized labor decides that  its demands for legislative en'actments  Blia'll emanate from one supreme head  aind through one united channel it Is a  waste of time, energy and money  (without any very material or lasting  returns accruing ���therefrom) to keep  annually or periodically seeking legislation from those who are In power.  Politicians and capitalists are -quick to  perceive and take advantage of diversions or scnisuis in the ranks of labor.  The per capita fax is not' large, 20  cents iper year per member for trades  councils, federation of trades und like  associations; 10 cents per year per  member for trades unions wlio pay to  an lnternoition.il or national head. It  Is" the intention of the executive of the  comrrWs to have bills or labor meas-  sures prepared In legal form for submission to .the members of ithe federal  parliament at its approaching session  In re Asiatic coolie labor In British Columbia, legal working day "of S hours,  and amending the Allen Labor Act so  a sto make it effective. Other necessary legislation will also be sought. To  do ithls It ]s_necessary_to_engage_t'ie_  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL UNION, No. 120���President,  G. XV. Isaacs; vice-president, A. II. Leg-  Ball: corresponding - ilnancial secretary,  D. P. Johnson, 103 Hastings St. East:  recording secretary, C. D. Jlorsan;  treasurer. J. A. Davidson; guide. J. A.  Stewart; guardian. E. Morgan: delegates  to T. & L. Council. Messrs. Dibden and  G. XV. Isaacs. Meets llrst and third  ���Wednesdays of each month in Union  Hall.  Bn the  Arcade  C^OKS, WAITEnS AND WAITRESSES'  union, Local No. 2S. President. Chas.  Over; vice-president. XV. XV. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. II. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. In Union Hall, cornor Homer  nnd Dunsmulr streets.  For the convenience of down-town  residents' and lodgcrb wc have  opened a branch oflice at No. 1  Arcade.  This olllce will be open every day  from S a. ui. until 7 p. in. and 10 p.  in. on Saturday. Parcels may be  leftand called for.  Or you may leave your address  there and we will have our drivers  cull. Should you call before or after  ofllee liouis, write your uninc and  address upon your parcel and drop  it in the parcel wicket in tlie door.  Tliis branch office, which is solely  for the use of our business, is in  charge of one of our own staff.  VANC,J?U''R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 22fl meet the last Sunday In each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Campbell; rice-president, George Wllbv:  secretary, s. J. Gothard, p. o. box 66;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E  h \l?ffcu'rl. s\u- Rol,b- J- H- Browne  N. Williams; doleciltes tn Trades and  Labor council, J. c. .Marshall, Robt. Todd,  3.  H.  Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MSN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  eaoh month, m Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, John Frlzzell: ,secretarv, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vandorwalkor: conductor, Ed. Jlnnnlng; warden, D. Smith:  sentinel. T. Dubberlcy; delegates to  Trades nnd Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton. Geo. Lenfestv, G. Dickie  and H. A.  McDonald.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every  second and fourth ' Thursday In Union  Hall, room No. 3. President, G. Dobbin;  vice-president, J. SI. Sinclair; recording  secretary. XV. T. MacJIulIen; financial  secretary. II. S. Falconer: treasurer. J.  Ferguson: conductor. R. JlncKenzte; war-  don. J. HcLeod: delegates to T. and L.  council, Rdbt. Maoplierson, G. Dobbin, ,T.  M.  Sinclair,  THE RETAIL OLEfRKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, tho flrst and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, .president: W. J. Lamrick, secretarv,  2-lS Princess street.  services of a first-class lawyer, an energetic and competent trade unionist  and a stenographer and typewriter, to  assist our two direct labor representatives, Messrs. A. XV. 'Puttee .and Ralph  Smith. This assistance cannot be obtained without remuneration, consequently money Is required. I have  none and don't know where to get it  unless from you, audi by way of no  linrm and to make n long story short,  I will tell you so .i�� you can tell your  brother unlon-in-aii, that If you want to  secure legislation give trie the money  to employ and pay for the labor to prepare the legal instruments through  which we may at least attempt to obtain these much desired labor reforms.  Yours fraternally,  P. M. DRAPER.  Ofllco of the Secretary-Treasurer, P.  O. Drawer 1017, Ottawa, Ont.  PARIS GREEN. ' HELLEBORE  AND WHAI^S OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other insects���ifor sale by the McDowell, Atfttos, Watson. Company, Tbe  DnigtfktB. Vancouvor.       _    _,  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 313, W.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President.  R. Altken; vice-president, C. A. Melville:  secretary, A. Raper. Van Anda, B. C:  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden. John Llnklater.  I  St cam Laundry  'Pho.ve 346. 010 - 914 Rici-abds St  white labor onlt.  QMuMiAHy^.  a^SI*iq^i:Fi*cs:;  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. ]S2-  Meels second and fourth Wediiesdav In  each month in Union Ilall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, E.  Tiir.mlns, 72S Hamilton street: financial  secretary, J. H. McVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  street, every first and third Saturday In  each month nt S p. m. Ernest Burn, president: Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  JOUREYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America. Local No. AS, Vancouver, B.  C. President, James Webster; vlce-prcsi-  dent, ,T. W. Wilkinson; recording -socre-  -tary,-'Mu rdo-MacLeanjL 2721���Wcs! minster  Avenue; financial secretary, TI. MoMullin  Toronto Cnmlv Co.; treasurer, W. A.  Wcods. KB Ninth Ave. Mt. Pleasant:  corresponding secretary. IF. Rawllngls,  Barnwell Bros., Granville street; nuis-  lo T. & I>. Council: G. XV. Isaacs. Meets  llrst and third Wednesdays of each  month   hi   Union   Hall.  CIGARIMAK.13RS' UNION INK). 3V7���  Meets the '.lrst Tuesday in each month  in Union Ilall. President. A. Kochel;  vlc<>-presltlen-, P. Crowder; secretary.  G. Thomas, Jr.. IB Cordova street west;  tieasurcr, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. "W. Brnt; delegates to TmdoB  and Labor Council, J. Crow, C.'Crowder,  c. Nelson.  jiRorimiuioon or paintetrs and  DECORATORS. Ixmil Union No 13S,  ��Miet-< everv Thuis<i,iy in Lihor Hall.  President W. Pavler, vice-president, 15.  Crush: socrelnrv. C Plnder, ITM Eighth  iivcmic, Falrvicw; treasurer, H. MeSorley.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMircniCAt No 17-v-Meets altcrnato  Mondays In roon?., 1, Union Hall President, F. Williams, vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording sccretarj, It. O  Burrllt; financial secretary. Waif red  Lnrson: treasurer, C. E Nell son; Ber-  i<wint-at-arms.  A. J. Konnedy.  For tho next 80 days you can get a suit at  your own price at  THE   ACME  To Introduce our new system ol t*tl��il".t _>������  ,   fore our Fall stock uiltts.  21 CMffto Sf. C 1. Holhnrf, Cotter.  PACIFIC  LBNE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points ln Canada and the United State*.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TB1DI  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  8AIUMQH FOR JAPAN AND CHINA.  Empress ol India Oct T  Athenian Oct. lt  Empress ol Japan Nor. *  and every four wecltB thereafter.  SAILINO FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.     ���  Aorangi Oct. 18  Moana Nov. IS  Miowora ..Dec 12  and every lour weeks therealtcr.  For further particulars as to time ratcB etc.,  apply to  E. J. COYLE,  A. G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SCLATBR.  Ticket Agent,  428 Hastings St,  Vanconver, B. C.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  -^'.'.'���'--������i.'ii---'"^-''  '���'  .    *'"���' |\���   1"* '    '-K.r'V     '   "l  ,>| ���mt ^if'lH!t*ittll^t^^^ertrj��_ff-i^����-ri^-^^|TC^^-^--1-L.111IU  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUHDAT.,..���....���,...���....NOV. 9, 1901  Wc have now lines of these  goods that ure better than  heretofore.  All prices, but none are  high.  50c. 75c, $!, $1.50, $2.  420-422 Westminster Ave  This S|>acc Is Reserved for  McAKIHSJK   if*   LOUGHEAD,  Corner Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street.  a mval league.  To the Editor ol TllK Indki'iisdent:  Sir,���1 noticed iu Wednesday morning's News-Advertiser the report of a  iueotlng called to consider the organisation of a local branch ol" the Naval  league, and how It resulted In disappointment lor those promoting the  odieme. The report was headed, "Ke-  Brcttnible Apaitliy Evinced by Vancouver CLtizens." Mr. Justice Martin is  reported as saying "that he regretted  the apathy exhibited in the movement.  It was the more regiettaiblc because it  iv:is in the martinie provinces of Can-  sifla that a display of interest in such  a. matter ought to he looked for. Il  was really a matter of importance to  tlie wihole country, especially in view  ot the recent great increase in the  Oriental commerce. This, he thought,  should lead our citizens to see thai il  is in tlieir interests .to strengthen the  ���bands of the home government in such  u way that tliey will see .it to be  to  provincial government, which knows  tlie condition of affairs here belter  than tliey do at home, to rectify the  evil complained of. We sing, "Urltons  never shall be slaves." But when we  are told that wo shall not govern this  country to suit tlie wishes of the peo-  iple we cannot certainly he a free people. We have a yoke round our necks  and held there by somebody. Why  don't ithese promoters commence with  the cause, form themselves into a  league for the pui-pose of freeing this  province of and stopping the immigration of Japanese and Chinese into our  country. Then vve shall he ahle to  keep the class of men here, those  sturdy .lishernien and others who would  add strength to the navy. Accomplish  this and you will find you won't have  to complain of apathy, but men will  ibe only too willing to give their life  for their country or serve- her in any  way. "Give me liberty or give me  death," has been repeated orer and  over 'again by llie enslaved of every  country. The Anglo Saxon race is still  crying out for relief, hoth in America  and Greater Britain.    No country can  tholr advantage to increase tlieir lleet  in these waters."    It seems to me the | ibe free, no country is free, which can  cause of ithls apathy on the part of oui  citizens iu taking up this branch of  our defensive work must 'be looked for  and dealt with 'before the goal can he  ���accomplished. Throe attempts have  been made to organize this league and  all three have failed. One would think  lUe noble judge, whose -business is to  observe ind discriminate arid to judge  of these things Impartially, would be  uble to come to an accurate decision of  the cause of these failures, and a word  from a man in ills position would go  a long way towards remedying tlie evil.  iUit no word is given. The whole secret of tlie tiling lies in the fact that  the class of men we look to. to make  not make and carry out laws for its  own benefit. No country can have liberty In Its true sense which Is dominated and dictated to as to the laws it  shall or shall not make toward emancipating and .freeing itself from any  kind of a scourge wlilch may afflict It.  That Is what it amounts to ln British  Columbia. 15. C. wants to get rid of  the Jap. '"Joe" Chamherlaln, on behalf of the imperial government, says  "hands off the Jap." Where is our  boasted freedom or liberty, and where  does it come .inV Is it any wonder then  that the rank and Hie of this city and  province refrain from joining a league  which nuiy be ordered at some future  this a success are the class who are j .time to turn 'their guns on the inhal'i-  eleadily being driver, off tlie water and j tanls here. Bad government breeds  out of the country, lo other parts of | discontent and discontent breeds rebel-  the world. I refer to our bona fide lion, though I for one 'hope and trusl  white fishermen���a .finer body of men   that the reforms needed along the lines  than -whom you  could not  find  anywhere.   1 haive mated this on several  occasions lii  puiblic and in print, and  I wish to emphasize the fact again thai  the men  whom Great Britain and the  Canadian government could rely upon  in  times  of  war or in   peace  for recruiting    our    men-of-war    are being  driven out of our midst to places foreign.   A few more years and the white  British Colunibla  fisherman   will  be  a  thing of  the past, and  in  their place  we shall have tlie "yellow peril."    Is  it then to be wondered at that ithe few  white fishermen  who  are left Ibehlnd  refuse to have anything to do with the  6-cheme got up by a few over zealous  patriots who   wish  to show   their patriotism for 'the   mother    country   by  forming this Navy League?   Tlie biggest  wonder    would    be  lt Britishers  could  be found to form  anything' for  the defence of a country  whose government refuses to allow without interference  the lmiiortatlon     of  an   alien  race to suit a few capitalists who are  Kradually   taking   their    'breadi    from  tliem and their families.    This question  ������the~uMongoliaii fiiiestion^lsli farnTore  important  one    for British    Columbia  than some people seem to think.   The  Chinese and tlie Japanese 'keep coming  i>y the hundreds every month Into this  province.   And the frugal white worker must make room for tliem.   If, in defence of hie means   of livelihood,  he  dares 'to look at or interferes with hi3  liread-taker and home-destroyer he Is  arrested and no mercy shown him In  tfhe  least.    The  consequence   ls   that  quietly thiK province  will Hie depopulated  of white workers,  and  ln  their  place you will 'have the Jap and Chink,  who will work very cheap for the capitalist,  out in the time ot war, what  then?    Echo answers,  what  then?    1  am .firmly of 'the opinion,   and   most  white workers of this province agree  wltfli   me,   that  .the   present  atmte of  things  is   breeding  and  fomenting  a  spirit of disloyalty and contempt for  the powers that be and the authorities  in particular.   Much as I regret to say  this, Iheing a loyal man myself, yet I  .see a poflicy pursued toy the imperial  ^government that' refuses to alllow the  referred .to will be accomplished without resonting to extreme measures.  Therefore I contend that it is almost  important, problem, this Oriental question, to this province, and if the Anglo-Saxon is to keep lt for .himself and  govern It as he sees fit, we must have  more liberty, more freedom. Let us  work to accomplish this. Then we shall  be aible to keep men in this province  who will he the very class needed for  this league, and which our limited supply of liberty and freedom is driving  out of .the country at the ipresent time.  J. H. WATSON.  Vancouver, Nov. 8th. 1801.  Now, gentlemen, here is tho shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  If you want a really good rye wliieky  at n low price, our SOc rye ia it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  Convalescents need Eiflen Port���"tho  builder up of the weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender Btreet.  The Mint  Is the new saloon at tlie corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  LETTERS 10 THE EDITOR.  A NEW WESTMINSTER INCIDENT.  To the Editor of TllK Indei'EKDENt:  Sir,���I have read in the World of today's  date, and also In several other,  journals,  about " a    certain    Incident  which  took  place in  the  corridors of  the New Westminster court house yesterday, and In which  the  writer  took  part,   I do not iknow who supplied the  information,    neither   does   lt   matter,  and I shall not offer any comment 'beyond stating the facts as far as I was  concerned.    When the court* adjourned  at 1 p. in. a number ot .people moved  'towards the  exit or the 'building, and  amongst this crowd wns I.    I  thought  1  would  wait for Mr. iMacdonell, who  generally  conies out   through- another  door,   and   while   loitering   along   the  corridor a person suddenly grasped me  by 'the throat, exclaiming: "You don't  get out of this building!"   Surprised at  such behavior on the part of a. stranger, I naturally shook him off, asking  'him what  was   the matter  wltfli him.  He 'backed away from  me,   calling to  some other men to arrest me.    I saw  then   that   my  assailant    was   Sheriff  Armstrong.   I told lilm ithat I had done  nothing wrong and' would  not submit  quietly  to .being arrested.    Mr.   Macdonell  came along and  told me to go  into  the  Sheriff's  olllce,   which  I  did,  whereupon  I was permitted  lo go on  the condition, Imposed 'by 'Mr. Macdonell,  that I  do not ln  the future  approach him within the sacred precincts  of the court house.   As to the statement   that  I was  trying  to approach  the jury,  I can only say 'that I have  not yet the slightest ildea a'bout where  the jury Is 'kept  in. the court house,  neither am I acquainted with a single  individual  ot   that  body.    I  was   told  this morning that tor the sake of the  prisoners I had Ibetter apologize to the  Sheriff.    I   was,   and  am  still,  of  tlie  opinion  that 'the 'Sheriff rather  owes  me an apology for unprovoked assault;  but .pro 'bono ipubllco  I   consented   to  say that  it was a mistake and  lhat  I   was  sorrry.     Consequently   I  went  up to the 'Sheriff and said to him: "1  hear you made a mistake yesterday,  and I am sorry you did, because you  tore my necktie."   His nobs choose to  consider this a sufflciient apology," and  forthwith administered a public rebuke,  which I can well afford to put up with,  coming from such a source.   As long  as he 'keeps his hands off me I don't  care a farthing about  his harangues.  I am a peaceable man, ibut will certainly  not  submit to    being    yanked  about by anyone, Sheriff or no'Sheriff.  I think It most likely that tlie Sheriff  took ine for one of the prisoners, trying  to get away with the crowd, and that  he made the statement that I was trying to approach  tlie jury  In order to  cover up his mistake.    Thanking you  for space, I remain, yours truly,  OHAS. 'DURHAM.  Vancouver, Oct. 24th, 1301.  in their face when such an expression  wns  used  to a foreign  jury,   and we  hope that these people will be remembered In the next provincial election.  XV. WELLING.  Vancouver, Nov. 7th, 1001.  SALMAGUNDI.  Almost a Ghost  Story.  The ringing harebells softly rang;  The screaming Jaybird scrome;  And where the stinging hornet slang,  Tlie streaming moonlight strome.  Most weird the shaking heather shook;  The shrinking owlet shrunk;  The frighted, quaking aspen quook;  My seared eye-wlnker wunk!  Should I be blumed for feeling fear,  And falling on my 'knees,  When all creation, far and near,  Was doing stunt's like these?  Innate honesty never asks a reward  for returning a lost ten 'dollars.  | YOU'LL NEE�� HEAT  A  A  Before long now. Tlie best heaters made ���"  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ��'  nomical to, use are the A  The wise rooster roosts high.    Prudence and 'valor go hand in hand.  Tliey say there are microbes In a  kiss. Alas! The' average sweet thing  must then be a pestliouse!  ���It Is tlie poor man who has reason to  feel thankful for his poverty when a  bank busts or thieves break In and  steal.  #  ii  ���  A  ?*   AIR-TIGHTS AND  BASE   BURNERS.  made by the McClary Mfg. Co.  126 Hastings St. *  SOLE AGENT  McLennan,  Mcfecly &�� Co��  "WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL DEALERS  IN  Shelf and Heavy  arefware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ���ATTENTION.  "Marry in haste���repent at leisure;"  but remember, girls, that doesn't onean  that you shall wait until the crow-feet  develop.  ���The shrewd business man Is too often  the man who has developed to a science the ability to stop a hair's  breadth short of the social dead line.  John Knox (Fall-view)���What makes  Quick run so? Alex. Cox���He's train  Ing. "Training?" "Yes; he goes to work  down town every morning, and ever  since he lived here he has 'been missing  the 'tram cars by ten seconds."  FISHERMEN'S LATE TROUBLE.  To tlio Editor ol Tin: Imiikpenuxnt.  Kir,���It inspires us with the utmost  enthusiasm to see the manner in whlcli  your paper supports the trades unions  of this province, and I hope the time  Is not far distant when every working  man will support it In preference to  any of our present locals. We, who  have been lying in tlie provincial jail  for the last four months, know the action which The Independent has taken and how nobly It 'helped our cause  iby creating public attention. We are  also duty bound to express our admiration of Mr. Macdonell, who has  proven to the citizens ot Vancouver  and New Westminster that we were  innocent and that wc were forced into  prison just to satisfy the desire of a  few cannerymen who were seeking revenge on the Fishermen's Union. But  that union 'is here to stay, whether the  Canners' Association likes it or not.  We have also noticed the eager manner in whioh the conservative government ot this iprovinee has been press-  The Mechanics' Union of Nanalmo,  at Its last meeting, received 70 new  members. The union now includes  practically all the tophands employed  by the INew Vancouver Coal company.  The delegates to the Trades and Laboi  council reported that the council for  the present declined to affiliate with  the Trades and Labor Congress. The  collectors for the Extension relief fund  announced that $135 had been contributed. <.  The Victoria Independeat Labor Party held their regular 'meeting Wednesday night, at which there was a good  attendance, dt was deoided to 'hold  fortnightly meetings during the winter,  and the committee appointed to draft  a iplatform were requested' to present  the result of their labors at the next  meeting.'  Halifax people last winter objected  to the sailing of the Allan Line mail  steamers on 'Sundays, and arrangements haive been made that they will  leave early on 'Monday morning during the coming winter.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. BQc box.  McDowell, Atkins. Watson Co.  Blue Ril>!x>n Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it?  Gold Seal Canadian Kye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 60c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  THE CARMEN.  A new schedule of wages has been  arranged between the Canadian Pacific Railway company and the Brotherhood of Rallwuy Carmen of America, of the Paclllc division, which went  into effect on Nov. Ist. The committee  of the men were well pleased with the  courteous way It was lecclvcd by Master Mechanic Hall and the increase allowed by the company.  Extra choice cleaned currants (new),  two pounds for 25 cents. At the City  Grocery.'  lng for convictions, even one of the  judges who was on the bench at the  Vancouver assizes deliberately told the  Jury thut we were nothing but thieves  and robbers, and we Implore that the  citizens of Vancouver will not look  down on us and paint us as blaak as  Mr. Justice Drake has done, because  some of us have a wife and family to  support, and his expressions may possibly Injure our characters and standing In the community as trustworthy  citizens. Wo consider It was bad  enough to have been thrown into JaJl  and shown the worst 'kind of treatment. They would not even let us  have our dinner that the union sent  In until it got cold; but during Mr.  Johns' term wo always got it when  It was warm. We regret to think that  the prosecuting attorney Should pass  suoh a remark as he did to a Westminster Jury, saying that it was im-  .posdlble to get an honest jury in Vancouver to convict these men, although  Vancouver waa ��. city of over 25,000  people. We consider that the citizens  of Vancouver had dirty water thrown  �����������������������������������������������  FOR HEALTH FOODS, NUT   BUTTER,  I'ROMOSE.     GHANOLA.      CARAMEL <>  CEREAL, C.RAN'OSE   BISCUIT,  MALT- < i  EC CEREAL, ETC., ETC. T  FORD'S   GROCERY,!  Tel. 728.   25 Hastings St. C.   ?  A. N.. TYSON,  WHOLMAL* AND RITTAIL DEAI.BR W-  Flsh, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & CO.  (iWHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  flt^0 Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  Tliig line is a wonder, G. \v.   Leather  lined, latest htvlcs, light or heavv sole.  UN80N MADE  en  .8,   90 Cordova St  Boijs' Overcoats.  Boys' Clothing.  A swell line of walking Overcoats for our young friends���smart gar  jjmentein light weights and light shades. ���  They nre as jaunty and ns  j swell looking as the coats of their bigger brothers.   They're new too���  I just in.  Mothers know the goodness in our boys' clothing���we merely want  to remind them that we" have all our new goods in for fall and winter.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.          Trunk Store 127 nestings St., Qbb. Wm. Ralph's.  iiJTinMiWfiirmiiiiiiiBiiii_iiiir��iwiimiiiii'MiiiiiwiiHiiiiiiiii^  Arms and Ammunition!  Of Everq Description and Quality at  521  Hastings-  Street.  BUSINESS  demands a large number of our graduates in March. A course takes 6 or 7  months, so you should begin NOW, or  we .will be short. Wo are running  short now! "We can iplaoe between 76  and 100 boys every year. To-day we  have none. No idlflloulty to place all  the girls you semi us. Remember we  keep them till they are in -a. situation.  Tlio II.B.A. VomI Commercial College  P. O. Box 347.  Vancouver, B. C.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  Notices.  NOTICB IS ilEIlKllY GIVEN THAT AT THE  next regulnr alttlug ot the Bnnnl of License  CommlMlnnrrf for the City of Vancouver I  bhall npply for a Hotel License for the promise*  ailuatcil on Lota 18.19, 20, Block 61, ��utxll��i_lon  nf District Lot 181, known an the London, corner  Powell anil Hnvrko streets, In tho said City of  Vancouver.  (Signed)        CIIA8. DABHWAY.  Vancouvor, Nov, 2,1901.  Pastry and Cakes  FBESH  DAILY  MONTREAL BAKERY  mmnitn Aran, a.' -���  OOOO0Oi>ODOeOO3aCOOO9G0999P  DELICIOUS WBNE  Mi uu Exclusively from B. C. Kkuit.  FRESH CUT FLOWERS   UNION-MADE-  DOMESTIC CIGARS.  When making a trip Around tho  l'ark call on  t/ja 19a JORCS      Lighthouse  lOoeoooooooooMi  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade  Stock Pattern  Dinner Sets_^^>  They nre culled "Stock rnttcrns" because they are always to be ��� had. You,,  can duplicate any piece which may be.  broken even 5 years from now. You can.  buy one or moro pieces and in this way  build up a whole dinner set. Or yon;,  can buy a  100 felece Dinner Set for $11.70  97 (ilcce Dinner Set for $8  ���Both areinsemi-porcelain'and beautii"  lully decorated.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO..  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and  408  Westminster' Avenue,  Vancouver'  Subscribe  for  Tbe Independent-  $ 6.23 Q Year.  I :   GEO. HAY   : *  Vancouver'!    Pioneer    Clothes  ., , Renovator, makei a init now.  ��� Dyeing; and: Repairing.  216 Gaiikh Bit!, Vimomm.  T::,A   ..-It   V,:.���N:C_i ..-,���, ;i;:   -.. ���  ���II  J  1  . 1  .j..

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