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The Independent Sep 7, 1901

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 AJ  L  JL  A  [\W YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  a  Tbe oldest and largest interna*  ttonal company In the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flick Block, Vancouver.  CX-A^*  C. PERMAWEUT LOM A1H>,  SAVINGS CO.  Authorized Capital  *"   * - pita  ��10,000,000  Subscribed Capital   -   -    1,600.000  Assets over    ....      300,000  Head Office 321 Cambie Street, Van-  couver, B. C.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER, 1901.  NO. 24.  Labor Day at Victoria  Monster Industrial Parade���The Luncheon���Prize Winners  ���Sports���Mass Meeting���A Conference.  Victoria celebrated La'bor Day ot 1901  Jn grand style. The large number  participating and the delightful weather made It the best demonstration  of Its kind over pulled off In this province.' All kinds and classes turned  out to honor the occasion, and made  it a holiday In reality. At an early  tour the streets were filled with people, women and children ln the majority, making for the chief centre of attraction���the .route of the great Industrial display. The parade was not  ���lacking ln floats, though the number  of men dn line was the chief feature.  The order of  The Parade  , was as follows: D. L. Kelly, marshal;  J. Freeman, *W. Clegg, deputy marshals; fire department and apparatus; city 'band; Victoria, Vancouver  and Nanalmo Trades and Labor councils; invilitod igoiests; Carpenters' and  jainers' union; Shipwrights' urfion No.  1; Typographical union; Pressmen's  union; Flftlh Regiment band; Stonecutter's union; Moulder's mnlon; Machinists' union; .Street Railway Employees' association union; Sixth Regiment ( (Dulke of Oonaught's Own)  'band; Olgarniaiker's union; .Bollenmaik-  ers* .union; Tailor's union; 'Longshoremen's union; Domiholn Hotel .busses;  .Painters' union; Teamsters' union; Nanalmo Silver Cornet band; Excelsior  bakery; Young Canada with orphan's  borne children;; Island City Paint company; B. A. PMnt woilks; Ladysmtth  ���banid; Laklysmith miners; Extension  hand; Alexandria miners; Nanalmo  jnlners; sustained characters, and several floats.  The Prize Winners.  The" Judges were Messrs. Chas. E.  Bedfern, W. TV.. Norflhcott, E. K. Rle-  b&Za, A. F. A. Brydon and J. G. .Brown  ivnd'the'.taslk allotted to .them was not  an easy onfe.*-After much consideration  they, awarded 'the prizes as follows:  - Representative business floait���1st, Island CSty Paint works; Und, British  America Paint company.. Tradb union  Honlt���1st, Boilermalkers; 2nd, Painters'  float." Seat decorated teaim���1st, hack,  228; 2nd, 229.  Messrs. J. Crow, president of the  Vancouver Trades and Labor Council; J. Hodglnson, president of the  Nanalmo Trades audi Lalbor Council,  and John Logg, president of the Victoria Trades and Lalbor Council, were  Judges of the following comipetiltions,  and awarded the prizes accordingly:  Most typically dressed union���1st,  Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators  and Paperhangers; 2nd, Boilermakers'  union. Strongest union, numerically,  en parade���Three prizes of $13 each.  One for unions with a-membership,of  ���60 and over; one for unions with, a  . artembershllp of 25 and up to 60; and  one for unions with a membership of  35 or under.. Prizes will be awarded  ���when secretaries of unions certify to  the strength of unions on parade. Best  .sustained character on parade;���list,  tamdem bicycle; 2nd, elephant  The Luncheon.  Albout 133 to v. ted guests and committee sat down to a sunuptous spread  ia the dlrilng room of the Balmoral  hotel. The, chalflman, Mr..W. H. Cul-  -lin,-was-fl .inked-by-rcpresentatlves-af  the various governmental Institutions  of the land. On ithe'right of the chair  nat the six platform speakers ot the  puWlc meeting aind memlbers of the city  cbunell. On the left Senators Temple-  man an'd Macdonald, Hon. Col. E. G.  Pjiior and Ttios. Earle, M. P.'s, und the  following members of the profvlndni  legislature: Hon. J. H. Turner, A. E.  McPhllllps, K. C R. Hall; H. D. Helmeken, *K. C., R. G. Tatlow and J. F.  G-aiUen. The visiting, trades councils  and the general committee Ailed up the  balance of the space at the tables, together with a few prominent citizens,  prominent among whitcHi was Mr. Chas.'  TVlson, Q. C, of Vancouver. Chairman  Cullin opened the proceedings by a  ehort speech of .welcamo- to those  around the board, expressing the  pleasure It gave the committee to have  __b many representative men at a labor  gialtherlng, and hoped they xvould en-  Joy the hospitality extended to them.  The chairman then calledl upon tihe  Rev. Mr. Rowe to asfk a blessing and  the (lunch proceeded to disappear. At  tbe conclusion of the luiwfli the chair  man proposed the health of the King,  wlch was drunk .with enthusiasm, and  the singing of "Gcd Save the King"  terminated a moat enjoy.ible affair.  An Enjoyable Dance.  Wihlle a deeply  Interested  audience  listened to the eloquence of Labor Dny  oraitars ln A. O. U. XV. hall, a younger  and less sedate party of woi'iclng men  anU women enjoyed  a jolly night of  dancing ln another part of the build-  In"?.   Tlie .music   was   good,   the   floor  perfect, and the young people kept up  the merry exercises till dtiyllght.  The Spouts.  The  splenUid  programme of   sports  pro.'ided   for   Monday   afternoon,   the  Intermediate  lacrosse .match,  athletic  sports and  the  basdball match,  drew  about 11,000 people to the Caledonian  ground's.   There .were far    itoo   many  orients on the programme for athletic  sports., and the officials  were  greatly  hampered' ln their efforts to pull 'the  races off as quldkily as iposslble, by the  crowd, which .would Insist on crowding  over  the  grounds.   But 'the    best  of  good humor prevailed,  and  the races  proved highly Interesting and exciting.  The iPlfth  Regiment    band   played   a  runmlber  of popular   selections  during  the afternoon.   A  number of lefresh-  menit stands did a rushing business.  Fifteen events were .run off .before the  baseball match and the rest took place  at the conclusion of the goime.     The  bicycle races iwere held'at Beacon Hill  Vihlle the baseball was being held.  A Conference. ��� a  A conference of representatives of  tho three trades councils���Vancouver,  Nanalmo and Victoria, was held In the  Sir Willlnim Wallace hall on Monday  nlgtit, and a definite .undeietandlng arrived- at whereby Lalbor Day .celebrations will be held alternately'" In the  three cl tiles. .Robt. ;;MaEptoerson7(as  chaU^n),'j!'H.''Wa\tson7aM*>J,.^Cr6w  represented Vancouver; T. H._ Gross,  Wm. Jones and J. C. McGregor represented Nanalmo; Victoria was represented by W. M. .Wilson, Geo. Leonard  and T. H. Twigg (secretary of meeting). The representatives agreed that  Laibor Day should be celebrated in but  .one of the three el'ties each year. The  next question was which of the cities  should .celebrate In 1902. Mr. Ciow  mode a strong appeal for Vancouver,  principally on the grounds that If Nanaimo was selected,. It .would mean  that Vancouvor Island' would have two  years In succession. Finally the' two  names���Vancouver and Nainalmo���.were  written on slips ot paper and drawn  from a ballot box, Nanaimo'proving  the winner of next year's celebration.  It mlght.be mentioned that the action  of .the conference on Monday night  cannot be considered an absolute and  binding agreement *", for all time to  come. However, so 'far. as the three  councils, as they aire composed to-day,  are concerned, there Is no question'  albout tho agreemnt not being lived up  to, but the council of to-day cannot  speaik for future councils. Like the officers of unions, the-delegates are being continually changed, and lt is possible ithat the arrangement arrived at  may ibe Interfered with at some future  date. On behalf of the councils of  Vancoulver and~Nanalmo a-hearty vote  of thanks was tendered the Vlotoria  Trades and Labor CouncJl for the kind  reception the visitors had received at  the hands of Victoria trade unionists,  to iwhicih Secretary Twigg responded  In is. few well-chosen words. The mobilization of the troops on Labor Day  was a matter discussed at the meeting, ,and although no action could be  taken, It was mutually agreed that the  question 'be taken up .by the different  councils nnd protests be entered  agailnst the encroachments mnde on  Laibor Day iby the militia department.  Mass /Meeting,  hold In the evening, was a fitting close  of the long-to-'be-fremomberod La'bor  Day celebration. The A. 0. U. W.  Ihall was crowded to the doors, and  members of both provincial and dominion parliaments andi clergymen  were on ithe platform. The chair was  occupied by  President Logg,  Who opened the meeting by maiking a  spirited  speech,  which, .was ,well  re-  recelvEd.  He said he was glad to see'  such a large audience. He alluded to  the absence of the mayor and Its cause  In a sympathetic strain. Mr. Maxwell, M. P., who had telegraphed his  regrets, he Was sorry to say, W4U3 unable to bo present. He took pleasure  In welcoming the Vancouver nnd Na-  ttalmo people to the city,   (Applause.)  John Crowe,  president of the Vancouver Tradei  and La'bor Council, followed, andi said  ho had been a Un'ited States citizen,  but had naturalized as a British subject. (Applause.) Referring to Mr.  Logg's romartks on tho Mongolian question, he characterized the Japanese as  worse ithan the Chlfiese. He would advocate an international union of .workers nnd one union label f.ir all trades  that everybody would recognize. There  were so 'many labels now that theie  was great confusion ln the public nilnd.  Ho thariked Victoria for their welcome  to the Vancouver men. He objected" to  appealing for the rights of labor to  the Duke and Duchess of York. Those  rights should be demanded, not appealed for. With regard to the militia  mobilizing on Labor Day, explanations  were In order. The mllltla were often  used to prevent working men from  .Toting, who were the most orderly  people on the face of the earth. ��� All  tihat day there had not been an. arrest .made.   (Applause.)  Robert Macpherson, ex-M. P. P.,  discussed the ibest way of maJclng use  of Labor Day. Processions and sports  were all .very well In their way, but  the labor question was too serious' flor  men to spend the whole of the one  day they had for dealing "wltih lt In  pleasure. (Applause.) Three Namatmo  mon had been discussing laljor In* his  heoalng that day, .but one declared himself satisfied with conditions. He asked those who were satisfied andi those  who were dissatisfied alike to look  ���around them, and then say if the  world was in the condition which the  Creator had intended. He did not  think that He desired! that one man  should possess the laricH to the detriment of his fellows. He proceeded to  discuss the merits of land ownership,  making a fierce attack upon hoMerSjOf  large tracts of land and claimed',thait  the"trae-'and''\jnly*.soluiion.\of"t!hesla-  bor problem was elqual rights to all  men In land andi natural resources,  indulging, en passant, in severe critl-  olsim of certain provincial politicians.'  (Applause.)   ,,  Ralph Smith, M. P.,  president (Dominion Trades and Laib'or  Congress, opened his remarks by com-'  pli'ir.enting Victoria upon the-progress  made recently In trades unionism. He  expressed the gratification, of the Nanalmo Trades and La'bor Council at  the splendid celebration that had taken place 'that day. Ho agreed with  what had been Said that Evening on  the tyranny of capital. Tlie rights of  labor could only be acquired by organization. The difference 'between  society years ago and ,so'clety to-day he  attributed to work of organized labor-  They were not by any means what they  ought to 'be, nor had they anytihing  like what they ought to have. But the  man iwho was riot prepared to recog-  nlize iBhe Improvement that hald been  made was not the frienld of trades  unionism. It was very injurious to deprecate, the Improvements that had  been made when asking for further improvements. Important changes were  desired, and trades unionism had not  exhausted Its powers to bring these  albou't. Certain principles were advocated which It was thought woukl accomplish-them more rapUdly.- One-of  the great weaknesses in' the ranks of  labor was the difference of opinion as  to the operation of trades unionism.  Credit should be given to elvery agancy  that ibrought about any measure of re-  ifonm. The denunciation of the church,  for Instance, wns .miost unfair. That  Institution stood for the formaitloi of-  character In Individuals, which In an  aggregate of Individuals was the basis of all reform. The preiucher was  the Inst man who ought to formulate  reforms. The prendhor's business was  to Instill principles Into the Individual  and In that ,\vay .work for the srood of  society. Ho admitted that 'theoretical  theology has largely taken the place  of practical theology. There ought,  however, to be a due regard for the  Institution .which should ibe roused)  from Its slumber. There were many  men who denounced institutions which  had wordced for reform. Such denunciations .were not an answer to the  problem. One of the weaknesses of  the "movement  was   the"tendency  to  TRACKMEN'S VICTORY.  [Continued on Pago Tli rec]  The following despatch wns received  by The Independent:  'Montreal, Aug. CO.���A satisfactory  settlement lias "been reached. The  trackmen's strike has been declared  off. All men will ibe reinstated In their  former positions and dweJUngu. Accept our thanks.���Brotherhood of Ra'l-  roay Trackmen.  The OfTtclnl Notice.  Montreal,  Aug.   30.���To  all   malnts-  runice-of-wtiiy men:   An ngieemcnt has  been 'reached between your committee  and the general manager.   The Ef. Ike  Is called off and ofllclal notice will bo  sent by mail.   Tlie men may report for  duty at once.   (Sgd.) J. Lonnon.  Tho President Satisftod.  While the fuller terms of settlement  naive   not as   yet been received   heie,  the following statement has been re-  oaividi from iMr. John T. Wilson, president of  the Biotheihood  of  Railroad  Trackmen:   "The  company   lias   dealt  very generously with the .men In regard  to reinstatement, as ell not convlot.d  of prime are to be reinstated in their  foimer positions and dwellings within  two weelcs.   We have the board of adjustment of Ithe railway  trainmen  to  thank  for some  very  Important. concessions  seoured  from   the    company.  When we came here we realized that  strikes- were  expensive  and   undesirable, and were anxious to confer with  the officials for the purpose of discussing the matter from Ithe standpoint  of reason and Justice.   It    is    hopel,  however, that laf ter this experience the  company will conclude that It is Ibetter  for employer and employee Ho reason  together and .find out   What  is  right  than   to   encouraige   a suspension   of  woiik.   As head of the tracikmen's organization,  I consider it -my duty to  do all ln my power to cultivate harmonious relations between the officials  and the men, which Is essential to improved   service."  A Montreal despatch says: Mr. Wilson said t'hat the statement that an assessment of $20,000 Wad been made on  tlie strikers for the expenses of.the  strike was absolutely false. ��� No as-  eessmenit whatever has "been' made.  The expense "of the strike was a mere  trifle, not amounting to over $10,000,  aiid would be borne by the grand division of tha brothertiood. Chairman  Lennon and the.other members of the  committee expressed themselves as satisfied with the settlement. They consider tihe concessions granted are as  liberal as could be expected. They all  feel very grateful to the trainmen,  whom tliey consider halve been solely  responsible for bringing about the  agreement. The trackmen's committee  expects to Wind up all the details of its  wortk and to star,t for home albout the  middle of this week. President Wilson, Mr. Lennon, and Mr. Stout will be  compelled to remlain in the city to appear at court September 10th to answer  Mr. Montgomery's charges of criminal  libel.  The funeral of the late E. J. Duches-  nay, assistant general superintendent  Of tlhe C. 'P. R-, took place from the  family residence yesterdlay afternoon  to the church of Our Lady of tlhe Holy  Rosary. There was a large cortege,  among whom were 40 pall-bearers, representative of all olaisses. The late  Mr. Duahesnay was held in the highest esteem by the mon In the service  of the C. P. R., who 'sent many floral  tributes, among them being one from  D. Creed on behalf of_the_Brotherhoqd  of Trackmen.  THE KEEPING OF THE SABBATH.  The Toronto Star invites opinions on  the  keeping of   the   Sabbath.   I   only  Wish .mine could be more definite and  helpful.   We must apparently gfcve up  the Idea of  forcing anybody  to keep  the Saibbath,   The best theological authorities are  clearly  of  opinion   that  It was not kept by the e.uiy Christians,  and  that It was distinctly ionouncc.1,  with other Jewish oidlnnnres,  by St.  Paul.   The  reasons  given  for  Its observance In the Fourth'Commandment  are suited to a primitive .people, and  haive lost  their weight  ln  an  age of  oclenec   Besides,   the  dny    which  we  keep Is  not  the    Sabbath.   Wihat  we  have to consider Is the mode of keeping the Day of Rest, which is no tribal   or   perishable   oidlnance,   but   an  imperishable need of man; a need felt  all the more the greater the strain ot  life (becomes.   Nor does it seem that  less than one day in seven  will suffice; one day In ten, which the French  Revolutionists tried, was found' not to  be enough.   With regaid  to the keeping of  the  Day of  Rest,   much  Individual freedom must evidently be allowed.   The general suspension of la-  bo." and the closing of stores and places  of business may be enforced.   But men  must Ibe left to say for themselves how  they  w_ll spend  the day,   whether ln  education, or in religion, or partly 1n  one and  partly   in   the other.   There  can ibe no use 'in enforcing mere dullness or gloom.   Calm, however,  Is an  almost essential part of rest, especially  for   all   who   work   with   the brain.  Theiefore,   Sunday   enjoyment   ought  not to be fatal to tranquility.   It ought,  at least, to refrain from any disparagement or disturbance of religion.   The  Day, if no longer sacred to the Mosaic  Olspensatlon,   Is   sacred   to   humanity.  But  there is little  use  In  attempting  to.set down formal rules; as the heart  and the faith of society are, will be its  keeping of the Day of Rest.   Depth of  national chaiacter will probably show  Itself   In   a   tranquil   and   a rather  thoughtful  repose.  GOLDWIN  SMITH.  Toronto, Aug. 24, 1501.  Jos. Magnu3, a .pioneer pressman of  the west, but of 'ate years of the firm  cf Magnus & Kent, proprietors of the  Criterion saloon, Granvlll" street, died  en Monday after a ibrlef Illness. Mr.  M-ngnus had been a resident of Vaai-  cou.ver F.|nce 'before the great fire of  lSSti, and was one of the ibest iknown  residents 1n tlie city. Generous to a  fault he was a man respected 'by all  who knew Win. He was a member of  the Fraternal Oixler of Eagles.  THE BARBERS.  The Barbers' union herd their rega-  ���lar meeting on Wednesday night, President Isaacs In the chair. There was  a good attendance. Krouse nnd Gilbert took out heir retiring cards. They  are now proprietors of the Boulder  barber shop. An 'appdal from the International was voted on and1 tihe executive sustained. An apprentice law  was discussed at some length and  flMally adopted. Trade Is Mr and  not many barbers tra-vellng.  THE SPREADING OF THE PUBLIC  OWNERSHIP IDEA.  .7 The question' of,munlcipal ownership  of municipal services 1s being discussed almost continuously all over America and Europe, and the actual progress the Idea is making-Is well shown  in a general summary made by Edwin  Barrit Smith, who says in Self-Culture:  "Of the fifty largest cities in the  United States, tout nine now depend on  private waterworks," these being San  Francisco, New Orleans, Omaha, Denier, Indianapolis, New Haven, Pater-  son, iScranton, and Memphis. While  aibout 200 cities and villages have  changed from private to'publlo ownership,' only about 20 have returned  from puibllc to private ownership. Over  half the .changes to public ownership  htuve 'been made since 1S90, and only  about one-third of the reverse changes  within the same .period. Gas plants  are owned and operated Iby 16S English  cities, 338 German cities, by Brussels  and Amsterdam, and by 1Z American  cities. ' Electric lighting plants are  owned and ioperated by nearly 300  rVmerlcan municipalities, by many  English and Austrian cities, 'and by  13 German cities. Fully one-third of  the English street railways are publicly owned andi operated, probably  in Glasgow, Leeds, Sheffield, and London, and but few expiring franchises  are renewed."  Vancoulver has her public water  woillti-system-wortiing" welir and'-no*  person would be listened to.who suggested a return to private ownership.  There is a strong and growing public  opinion ln favor of .municipalizing the  gas 'and electric lighting service, while  it Is generally conceded that the city  made a T>istake a few years ago when  It declined to talke aver the street  tramway. If it .fell into the city's  hands .to-day it would not ibe turned  over- to a company on any terms.  There are .many who regret that our  city council appear to take no Interest  at all 1n' public ownership, and they  will hold this ngulnst the aldermen  when the timo comes to record tholr  Judgment of them. By this Indifference progressive movements have been  delayed.  The gas, electric light, electric power, telephone, telegraph, and transportation service? all seem destined In the  future to be publloly owned. As privately owned these services are .used  lo confer fortunes upon the few Instead of benefit upon the many, and  the people axe growling wiser than they  were.  LKTTERS TO THE LOITOR.  CONCERNING FISHERMEN.  Ti) tliu Editor Of TIIK l.SHUl'CMlBNT.  Sir,���Are the white llsherinen to bo  represented a't the duke's banquet?   Or  are they only expected  to  contribute  something  for tho uimusemont ot the  royal party?   Or have tiho committee  of management dropped tliem from tho  list Iby   mutuiU    consent?   The   white  fishermen can easily 3ta>nd being overlooked now as much as they have been  for the past ten years by both dominion and local governments, through tha  stupid Unpatriotic    Influence  of  cannerymen who have used tlvery effort  to  drive   them  off   the  Fra-scr  river,  even  to calling out  the mllltla,  and  contra to usual custom, If not the law,  was paid by the dominion government,  ���together    with    the    rifles    of    private corporations and put ln the hands  of Jap fishermen tbr the same object.  As all this must yet be answered for  ���before a ju'st tribunal of the people,  whose rights and liberties have -been  set at naught, we will go on to speculate who will not be overlooked hy the  managing   committee.   The   wholesale  Importers anil employers of Jap and  Chinamen,  Importers  and packers  of  the surplus   stale,    trap-caught    flsh  from   the  American   side,   while   the  fresh article  caught In our  own waters was refused in thousands and allowed   to   spoil.   Nor  should  be  overlooked   the   officials   who   signed, the.  .  round    robin to    do up  the    cannery  stock-holders.   In fact, all    men who  have patriotic wisdom enough to have  Canadb, known, the world over as an  exporter of sweet and wholesome canned foodk without the assistance of a  government   inspector.   Yes,   and   the  men who will tell 'the native tiorn Canadian that ho is not particularly wanted in his own country; he cam go over  to the American side and .find employment in the saw mills,  and  that the  Orientals are a   preferable .class   for  capitalists. CITIZEN.  Steveston,  Sept.  A, 1901. '  SOCIALIST CONVENTION.  ��� In accordance with a resolution passed by the' socialist convention held in  Vancoulver last year, a call is herewith  lssueo iar" the second annual conven- "  tion of socialists of -British Columbia  to be held in Socialist hall, Westminster ruvenue, Vancouver, at 10 a im. on*  Wednesday, Oct. 2nd next   All socialist "organization.! and    unattached so-   ���  cialists of this province are Invited to  be present.   Delegates to have .voting  power  equal   to   paying    membership  they  represent;   unattached  socialists  to have one vote only.   The objects of  this convention will be to provide for  a more thorough organization and uniformity of action between the socialist societies of British Columbia.  BRNEST'BURJMS,  Provincial Secretary,  pro tern.'  Vancouver, Sept. 1, 1901.  THE DOOK.  The ,Dook an' 'Is ole ibloomln' family's  Comln';       ���  'Arik  to   ther  geese comln'   over  ther'  '  plain,  CateMtn' am' squarlkin' an' bowin' an'  sor-apin', -'' -     ' *���  An' cacklln' an' squarkin' am'  bowln' ,  agen'. "    " ' '   ,  'Ar<k to ther geese thet we 'ave in our '  city, , '.  Each   one   aplckln' . the    other    one's.  down, .  Tryln' ter prove thet 'e Isn't tiher fittest  "fer  welcome  ther ibigger _geese  Into.  ther town.  Feathers an' frills an' some gold-paint-.  ed plumage;  Wat are they all when you've added  the sum?  Baldk to yer wonk.   Don't be standln".  an' giapln'.  Keep to yer slaMln' an' let ther geese  come.  ..  Ye are tho workers, an' they are the  shirkers. _  Ye feed an' clothe every goose In the  Hook.  Ye live Iby work an' the geese live by  lyln'.  Donlt  ye  be  tryln'   the  geese fer  to  mock. THE GANDER.  Vancouver,  Sept. 5, 1001.  The Victoria Outlook published a  special Jjabor Day edition. The wortc  was well gotten up, both from typographical and letter-press points of  view, and la'as In keeping with the successful celebration.      '  A. O. McOutoheon, Mount Pleasant.  Boulder 'Barber 'Shop, Cordova Street,  _��w_i!___i_i  ttHttM  ���zAMW TIIK INDKI'KNDKNT.  SATURDAY.  .SEPTEMBER 7, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  tJBO. BARTLEY   EOltor  HAIUtY COWAN  Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEBKIjY   IN    fHE   INTEREST   OF   ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  THU INDEPENDENT PIUlJTING COMPANY.  AT   H2   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B. C.  -IL'BSCRIl'TJONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 6 cents; month, IB cents; three  months, 33 cents; nix mouths, 65 cents:  one year, $1.S3.  ENDOIISBD BY TI1I3 TRADES AND  liAHOlt COUNCIL. T1II2 VA.NCOK-  VDU LAHOK PARTY AND THE  BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 7, 1001  11  It  .-  THE FASCINATION Of Off* ICE.  THE FASCINATION OF OFFICE.  Tho announcement this week of the  Hon. J. C. Brown joining the Dunsmuir government reminds us of the  lines written by Pope:  \  Old politicians chew on  wisdom past,  And totter on in bus'ness to the last.  At one time Mr. Brown was t'he Idol  of the reform forces of B. C, tor he  was one of tho Iflrst, if not the first,  public main of note who made a thorough Labor Day speech In the province. Now, wfhere do we find him? We  regret to say, with an aggregation who  supported tholr predecessors in giving  away the natural resources of B. C.  to capitalists and heelers at the cost  of tho people. But, you say, there is  nothing ���moro to giveaway. Yes, 'there  is, and so long as constituencies can be  bribed with the promise of public  works (ind various other things that  the province oan ill lalford men In office will be returned to power. Of  course, Mr. Brown's constituency, at  least we imagine so, will return him  on the promise of a million-dollar  bridge���no matter how the people are  taxed to pay for it. Is this honest  politics? But, you hold, every little constituency i.s ready to vote for  anybody who will whack up, and that  Was how tlio old Davie party succeeded in locating the million-dollar parliament   buildings   nt   Victoria.  There was a time when the questions  whether 'the  people wanted   the principles of free tiade to prevail in the  si* oing of legislation or those of pro-'  toction was a live Issue, but at present      t'hey    are    dead      issues,    be-  dauso lit is   now  a contest    between  capital and labor.   The former in control of  the  means  of  production  organized to the hilt on the one hand,  and the latter .but partially organized  on the other, are the prevailing classes  interested in the questions of the hour  to be gi'appledl with, consequently until the masses grasp the situation and  have confidence in and competent representatives  to deal  fairly  by  them  there will   be nothing    but    political  chaos to look forward to.   People and  press at this juncture to a large extent holler for party lines, apparently  for no other  reason but the dividing  of the ins.and outs, just for the sake  of the spoils of office and nothing else.  If partj; lines were drawn to-day, as  things drift along, It would make piac-  tically.no difference, 'because, you would  have Liberals and Conservatives mixing like corn in order to get something  for nothing.   It is singular how pessimistic men will Ibecome    when  they  don't  iknow   where   they*  are   at���es-  peksiallly Un politics.  They see no good  jn anything unless    they   are in the  Bwilm. Office seekers galore are swarming around    a decaying    government  without ia legitimate policy like fend  "Crabs "following- the "field" of ~ Wattle"  strewn with the slain.  Many holding  isoulalistic /views believe    that if  our  ���present ministry would enunolate their  principles ,it  would pull   through  all  right.   But then there Is the if.   Who  of the present administration could be  trusted or 'Is capable to carry out advanced legislation under present circumstances? It would Ibe folly to trust  ia child to act as captain of an outgoing ocean steamer, but it would not be  any more foolish to trust the ship of  Btfate to the guidance of such an aggregation as are now In power at Victoria.   Again so long as tlie electorate  will stand a torlbe they are not Hit for  any .better treatment  than they arc  petting iat present.   Napoleon once said  (that there was no nation governed any  Ibetter than It deserved to be.   And so  lit is in this province.   There are plenty  of honest men, however, here, but how  ���many of  them are Ifltted for the responsibilities surrounding a statesman  ot'  advanced and    progressive   Ideas?  _\*.it'!i-e has provided this province with  nl! tho natural resources unsurpassed  by any country In the wide world. In  fact there are more on Vancouver 1s-  landi alono than In England, but how  differently they lare put to use.  Mr. Brown has -allied himself with  thu gang who were consistent only in  voting and working against every principle that would raise the masses, especially government ownership of railways, und every charter the C. P. R.  opposed. Thoy nro pro-Chinese and  Japanese In supporting legislation offered by them. They aided the cannerymen and C. P. lt. against the  striking il.shermen until traokmen by  appointing special constables and Unlike. What supiwt did the jiiesent  inlnliti'y ever afford tin' strugglln,'?  miners of the interior in obtaining their  rights, ns against those of aliens?  TliCFe and many other acts of tyranny  woio coniiiililted hy the Duiisniulr government. Then again can anyone s.iy  Cliuic Is honor among the ltilers at tli"  e.upllnl when Ihey ui't so treacherously  ���and lie to one another ns they Hia/e  clone? Now, In the face of all these  remarks ran any man honestly stland  up and support the boodlb brigade ut  Victoria? The only way we seo out of  tlio muddle is for people having the  best 'interests of this fair province at  hcirt Is to give loyal support to the  principles enunciated 'by the Labor  Party, and to all others we would say:  "Get thee glass eyes,  And, like a yourvy politician, seem  To see tho things thou dost not."  THE STRIKE IS OVER.  Enough   reliable    Information  is   to  hand to announce that the great trackmen's strike on the C. P. R. has been  terminated,   the  company  coming  out  second 'best.   We say this in refutation  to  the  numberless articles which  appeared  in  the  preiss   'throughout  the  country,  thitt President Wilson was a  stumbling block in the way of a settlement of the dispute and a source of  .injury to those whose interests he was  safeguarding,       consequently     public  opinion wns alienated  from the men  and  the strike must be lost by them.  The charge was also made that he was  nn  American,   which,  of   course,   had  some  effect   in   certain   quarters.   Xo  band of strikers over had a truer representative than Mr. Wilson, and we  congratulate lilm for his mainly stand  taken from tlie very start.   No doubt,  in  tho near future some re-arranging  wiil   be  made  to  have  Canadian  oillcers  of international   lalbor  bodies  to  do their work in Canada.   When such  on issue as this is raised it only goes  to show what workingmen must contend against and give way to in order  to curry public opinion.   The iflght just  ended   was  a  protracted  one,   having  lasted  72  days,    and   the    imen .won.  When It Is observed that the gigantic  corporation of tlio C. 'P. R., supports!  actively   by  the    American    Railway  General Managers'  Association,  lt demonstrates that the men won 'because  they conducted  tlhe  strike  in  such  a  manner as to gain for them the sympathy and support of the people.   At  the   outset   the   public   thought   that  the traokmen could  not possibly hold  out  ag'a'lnst  the  supposed  groat odds  opposing them, more especially when it  became generally 'known that the company was, determined to beat .the men  at  all  costs.   But  as  the strike progressed the company were compelled  to realize .tWat a 'very serious conflict  wins in progress, and that they must  deal with a strongly, organized  and  Intelligent    body    of men.   This  fact  opened the eyes of the public, as well  as the company, and to-day the Brotherhood of Railway Trackmen is recognized by  the company  the  same  as  any of the other tarotfherhloods.   Every  one knows that victory rested with the  strikers    dn    the  lost    days ^ ot    the  struggle because of .the co-operation of  the different railroad unions,' but undoubtedly this assistance was the outcome of the splendid stand taiken by  the strikers.   An'd the services of the  brotherhoods were very much apprj-  olated ~ by ~ The ��� tivickmeii;���W hen - - the  definite announcement that the strike  was settled 'reached  the men,  reports  show that the tra'dkmen all along the  line  promptly .responded  to report for  duty.   The 'track Is In a very bald state  and there will Ibe plenty of work for  full gangs for some time lo come.   Local  traokmen received  the announcement that the trouble was over philosophically.   They   wont  on  strike   to  scoure better treatment and wore determined to stay out until their claims  were acceded to.   But as soon us word  was .received thait their committee was  perfectly .satisfied with the settlement  they hastened to return ,to work, having   obtained  tholr    demands.   In   all  I'.-iLrness to the officials of tlhe C. P. It.  nt  this en'd of  the  road it must be  snld that they were unofficially during  the whole period of the strike on Ihe  ivory best of terms ,w'th the traokmen.  indeed, we believe, were they allowed  to settle  with the men at  the  very  start  they  would  have  done  so,   not  only with credit to themselves, but to  the entire satisfaction of the men.  EVILS OF THE  PARTY SYSTEM.  Mr. F. L. Rlohardson, ex-M. P., discussing our party system of politics,  IKiints out u graphic picture of the evils  resultant     from    it.     In    the    Commonwealth, of Ottawa, he says:   "The  party system is perverting the enthusiasm of the masses, who pay taxes to  the profit of th3 clique wlilch iccelved  envois.   The party name has degenerated iluto a mere trndonuirk,  wlilch is  used  by t_ few    bosses    In pursuit of  lhelr own iprlvnte gain, and the partisan people who supply tho votes are  simply  the  dupes of n system wlilch  Is operated  for  the ibcnollt  of a few  who take the gate iinonoy.   Both parlies are <x.ntrolled by the same forces,  and thu ]Kir;itiiounl issue Is olllce.   The  dominium party desires to stay In power,    nnd   distribute    the   offices   nnd  spoils; (iho one In opposition Is anxious  to displace it In order that it may en-  Joy the same 'snap.'   Each innrty has  ben  taken out of the control of the  people who nre its bone nnd sinew nnd  m:_de the drudge of private greed. The  great  bulk of  the people are honest,  ind did  they  realize  the  facts would  apply  the  remedy,   but  the   polltio.il  bosses iialte good care that the people  are only   allowed   to   know  what   lt  plen.ses  the said  bosses, who  usually  contiol  the press,   to  let  them.   Vast  sums of money are obtained as a rake-  off from subsidies, bonuses, contracts,  etc.,  and   those  moneys  are used' to  keep up the party organizations or machines  and   to continue   the   system  which   Is   destroying  the public   life  and  honor of  the  country."   The  St.  John Freeman says  thait no wonder  Sir John Macdonald was able to truthfully   proclaim   that  "the people are  bribed with their own. money."     The  people have in reality little or nothing  to  do  With  the .business    of politics;  they are merely the registering Instruments.   Even the candidates are generally chosen by the clique of party  bosses whose decrees the conventions  are called to register.   Candidates are  generally selected  for their pliability,  and not unfrequently for their lack of  convictions  and    personal    integrity.  Their election expenses   are   .usually  paid cither in  full  or in part out of  the   gigantic    corruption    or  election  funds, and iwihen  electedl these candidates go to parliament as the property  or assets of 'tlie .bosses, and with little  or   no  independence.   To  display   the  least spark of independence is to commit the unpardonable sin, and the machine is immediately .brought to bear  to annihilate the victim wlio has had  the temerity to think for himself and  to put  his  convictions   into  concrete  words and votes.   It is here tihat the  powerful    englnec  of    patronage     Is  brought  to  beair  In  the    annihilating  process.   The Independent  member   is  not  permitted to say    whether    John  Thompson or the widow Jones should  bo appointed to a $10 a year post office, and he is precluded from asking  for the construction of a .wharf or the  prosecution of  some  dredging  in  his  district.   Then he is thundered against  In his constituency   by   "the.heelers,  bosses and corrupted press as a man  with no inlluence, amd the people are  told   in  the  most  bare-faced manner  thait if they want anything dtone for  their    constituency    they .must   send  down a man who is persona grata to  the  powers  that be; in other words,  a party slave must be sent.   So lt has  come to, pass that there is but little  Independence ,in the  house,   that  tlie  system  has   reduced    members   very  largely ito the position   of automatic  registering machines���mere automatons  ���nothing .more or less .than members  of an electoral college similar to that  elected evtery Ave years In. the United  States.   Government has, by a steady  process of evolution, developed Into a  dictatorship.   The. Whips   ,say  to the  members,  'We are to vote  thus and  so on measures,' and, generally speaking,  the members    Obey.   No -wonder  that  thlriking men  are beginning to  proclaim that the party system as lt  exilits to-day Is an utter failure.  I lie Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here In great array.   And It Is a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best and most stylish products of the  looms  of  England,   Scotland,  France  i .    t  and Switzerland.   To these ore added  the  wash  goods  beauty of our own  land and the United States.  Our long experienced taste has been  exeiclsed In selecting the great stock  that Is here for your Inspection. The  demands of fashion have been carefully met, and our showing in well worthy  of i;our attention.  Quality, of course, Is the most Important point, and lt has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  have also been carefully attended to,  and, as regards the matter of price,  you'll And they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, with an eye to  your satisfaction.  Visit our wash goods department  and get acquainted with the good  things we are offering.  170 Cordova, Cor." Cambie.  BUSBNESS  demands a large number of our graduates in March. A course takes G or 7  months, so you should begin NOW, or  we will be short. We are running  short now! We can place between 75  and 103 boys every year. To-day we  have none. No dlifBoulity to place all  the girls you send us. Remember we  .keep tliem till they are In a situation.  TiicII'.r..A.VogulCi)iiiiii(imiilCiill^c  P. O. Box 347.  Vancouver, B. C.  We are sorry to say that there are  n few knodkers In the ranks of labor  ln ithls city, and consequently unionism suffers. .Some union men (so-oall-  ed) canndt bear to see their brethren  get ahead In this world the least bit,  and will endeavor' to knock their  chances both in the union and on the  Job nt every turn. This Is short-sighted, to say the least. When anyone Is  willing to work for his union's interests and ho succeeds In accomplishing  somo good work it encourages others,  especially young imen, to go and do  likewise. Everyone will get their Innings in due time, and be honored by.  their fellows, and why shouldn't they7  Jealousy has ben tho ruin and curse  of worWIiiginen, ibut It must not be  permitted to get a foothold In1 Vancouver, for if 'It does, good-bye labor  unions. If a fellow unionist cannot  say nn encouraging word for another's  work, he ihould bo nnan enough to  'keep his tongue silent. The knocker  hurts ihis fellows and In turn gets hurt  himself. For heaven's sake, don't .be a  knocker.   It is mean and contemptible.  ALIEN LA'BOR.  The  Rossland   World says:   Mr.  A.  Gelser, of Oregon, a Baiker City banker,  and  now posing as ,a labor contractor, has been induced by Manager  Macdonald of the Le Roi company to  come in here and make a contract to  work the Le .Roi .mine and the other  allied properties.   The whole scheme of  tihe  Oregon  man   Is  to  advertise  for,  'and through various means collect men  of all sorts at Northport.   Once at the  Le  Roi    smelter    the men  are either  given a few days'  work to lend color  to  the move  and   then  turned loose  on Rossland, just fourteen miles north  of tlie line, or  they 'are held over at  Northport and allowed to drift in here  by batches. . The scheme is a perfectly  plain one made up for the express purpose of evading the explicit terms of  tiie alien labor act   While 'the evasion  or  attempted   evasion  ot   the law  is  clear, the difficulty of proving an infraction  of tho act can be easily understood.   It  is    important    therefore  that if ia clear case In a single Instance  can be proved the utmost effort should  be .made  to, catch   the  offender.   We  limve no room in this country for the  alien lalbor law brealkcr.   The attention  of the^provinclal attorney-general has  ' been called to the existing state of affairs here, and he h'as been requested'  to  appoint  counsel    to  represent  the  crown' in the matter and to talk*, whatever other steps may ibe necessary to  enforce the law of the land.   Hon. D.  M. Eberts, however, does' not see his I  way to act.   He says In effect that It  is not-his business to enforce the alien  labor Taw.   We are not aware of any  laiw:_ .provincial   or   otherwise, wnidh  prevents  Mr.  Eberts 'from doing his  clear duty.   Remembering the peculiar  rapidity  with  which IMr.   .Eberts   responded to the polite request 'of the Le  Roi company two weteto ago to come  hore and put down the dreadful street  ���riot nnd mob violence which existed' 1n  the ipages of the' morning paper, lt is  quite Impossible to understand' h'ls extraordinary inactivity and point blanlk  refusal  to act under the present clr-  cumstances~Unless_the"iattorney-geii-"  eral desires to bring the administration  of the law in  British Columbia into  well merited contempt, he must take  an entirely different stand to that he  has .now adopted.  Otherwise his action  will make ft possible for people to say  truthfully   that   the  government  has  two Iklnds of Justice, always on tap.  One for  the    disposal    of    rich  cor-  lwratlons,  to be had for the asking,  nnd tlie other to be conveniently forgotten and waived nsldie when applied  for by a mere workingman.   The law  has already been nnost harshly dealt  out to workingmen In this city, largely  through the action  of  the attorney-  general iln tho flrst Instance, and unless  he 1s willing to thoroughly come forward now and  do his clear duty,  It  should ,bo remembered against him and  hi.s colleagues for all time.  ���/3&u,&Miiv'  m ������������������������������ ����������������������������������������� ���������������  is the motto of the management of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor. To  To issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  To make all death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always' have employment with us.  Union IVfiitua! life insurance Co  PORTLAND,' MAINE. Incorporated 1848.  Call or writs for particulars and plans  Head Office : 419 Hastin'gs St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  J. E. EVANS, Provincial Manager.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General���^-=.  Coiisiilliiig Mceliiiiilfal Engineers"  520 Cordova Bt. W.| Vancouver, li.' 'C' Tel. 76  Patentees nml designers of the Hardle-  Thompson waler tube Ixiller.1* new liipli  hpeed ruver-iiug engines, mid s.pectii.1  machinery iu light petitions for mines.  pbofellehd dksigsblj.   engines indicated and  Adjusted.  Solo RctMits In H. 0. ruin* N. W. Tvrriiorlct tor  the United riexllile Jlcmllii' Ti.liing Cu   "   "  London, Eiig.  .Lid  Telephone 651.  Western  W. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays nnd Express  Wagons  for  all  Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOB WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Cambie Street.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND "WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale by the McDowell, Atkins, "Watson Company, The  Drucfflsta, Vancouver.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAI.EB IM  Fish, Game, Fruit,  arid  vegetables.-  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Pare   Ice Cream  ier  MONTREAL BAKERY  WESTMINSTER AVEJ.TJK.  ��  Alexandria Lager  Is a pure, wholesome beverage,  and contains no burnetii ingre- .  dients., , i��\ (ia ,,highly  recqm-'  mended as a tonic for weak and    \  debilitated people.  *.    ���     .       .  ..-, .. . ,  Doeniig & Marstrand  TELEPHONE 4 29.  . . MAKES A SPECIALTY OP . .  ��    Dewar's specfoi Liqueur, also1 ���..  o    ustier's Black Lqbei Liqueur whisky  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . .Ciqara.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Corner Cordova add Cabsall,  on  Cordova St; West.  i .....  Headquarters for tho engineering trade  , in Vancouver.  Liquors and Cigars  ;.' :  ;i' ���������if   ,:   .- <i '���_*r.,i  ,_       Ftrat-clawrooma from JO cento up..  . r  ROBT.HWNTLYi   -   -   PROP  The*  H��n  From Tholr N'analmo.fcmuhfluM unit  Protection Inland 'lolllcrloh,  Steam, Qas  and  Blouse Coal  Ot the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tlie Mine.  Wualied Nut and  Soreenln&��.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent,  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, AgontB,  Vancouver City, B. C.  Seymour Streeet,  $AVOY  THEATRE  P. Simpson General Manager.  J Townsend Stage Manager.  Week Commencing  , >* ��� . , .     i,A  Monday, Sept. 9.  A Show for the People.  "Quantity and Quality Combined.1  Masscy-Harris and Stearns  ALL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT   KflWALL'S. 328 Cordova St  Tlio  est placo ln B. C. to havo your       ���  Dleyclo ropalrcd.  I",  *�����V��WM^UWU^VWH-na^C��tv��(��#|^����'��M,���i^^'������**,���,,*B���*'v-, J L  .__v_.  L-.L __.  SATURiDAT...���vSEPTBMBE_a 7_ 1901   . TilE INDEPENDENT.  im\\ DAY AT VICTORIA;  [Conllnusd from l'age One.]  depreciate informs and institutions Instead   of  giving  them .full   credit  Cor  wliat they had done.   He did not know  a ireform on the statute books of England .which had not been placed there  by  trades  unionism.   What  they  had  they .had got through trades unionism  and   whnt   they  Had  tihey  wanted  to  keep.   The method of trades unionism  Was slow, lt was ei\iolutionnry, and it  was educational.   The doctrine of revolutions  had   been  preached,  but In  JMlminHstenlng the .power .they, had they  must act as reasonable men.   The man  who denounced capital and made reckless  statemenlta  put  a  sprng  ln   the  ���wheel of   trades   unionism.   Was itiho  tyranny  of   the  many  less 'blamable  thin  the  tyinanny    of  the capitalist?  There   was   nothing .they  liadi  whioh  . capitalism had given voluntarily, and  what would be igot in the future would  be what could be demanded .through  ��� public opinion. There was no Influence,  he declared, ithat could keep him from  protesting  agMrist  wrong.   He heard  a  contradScttion, .but he    repeated  lit  i (Applause.)    No  Inlluence  could  keep  hVm from protesting against Injury to  ���the people he represented.   They must  Jibt,  Mows ver,  use  the methods  they  complained of in the capitalists.   They  must approach thorn in a spirit of oon-  .dilation  lankl   reason.   The    American  "Federation    of    Labor    had   declared  against compulsory ailbltration.   There  had been no experience in this ooun-  .try of that prlnblple, and he ,was in  tstvor ot an experiment on these lines.  He stood for  the rlglKts of the individual, ibut there ���were conditions that  -could only 'be controlled by the power  .of the government.   "When great puib-  11c Interest suffered pwlng to a dispute  between capital and labor, he 'believed  thait  the 'government  slhould  step  In  and insist    upon   a settlement.     He  juban'doned  the  voluntary principle at  that point.   There were perhaps conditions In the States which prevented  artiltraJtiion  being    worked,  and  these  -might to some extent exist here.   Still  he favored an experiment and Insisted  that the government ought to fie called upon to .buing albout the settlement  of labor disputes.   (Applause.)  H. Dallas Helmeken, II. P. P.,  spake at length on the .value of Labor Day reunions. He was a working-  man, but he did not see how he could1  .come into Ithe Trades and Labor .Council, as they,would not allow his union  to be affiliated. (Laughter.) He  thought the advantages and protection  his union enjoyed ,by virtue of certain  legislation should be extended to other  unions. (Applause.) Referring to the  Mongolian question, Mr. Hdlmoken said  that Australia and Canada should legislate along the same lines, and that  Great Britain would hesitate a long  time about refusing trie relief .asked.  'The compulsory actuation question  would require very' careful consideration.   (Applause.)  Jleto. Elliott S. Rowe,  dQscussing tihe tJomp.alnlts against the  .church, reminded his hearers that .the  .church  was  not  a  close  corporation,  and   tihat   there was  nothing ���. to  prevent those .who wished to improve it  coming in and lending tlielr assistance  ��� in the work.   'When the church pleased  .eitlher capital or labor or anybody but  its Master, or said what it otherwise  would not say, Jt 'became at contemp-  ���tlble thing.   Unionism had contributed!  very largely to the improvement of the  .-material condition of the wortcers) and  to. the Increalse of the Intelligence of  thfose .who Wad benefcri/ttcd by tihat' improvement.   Ideas'were good, biit .they  rwere poor ghbelts unless embodied.,- He  that ultimately It .would be Impossible  to prevent the ireviaslon. The question  must be Caced. If tbey could not^ hold  their own, they onust 'be Individually  inferior, or their hands must be tied  >by an iniquitous economic system.  (Loud applause.) He Hid not think,  however, thait they were individually  inferior. Employers of labor said that  they used' the Chinese because the  white man could not keep sober. Was  that true? (Several voices: Not so.)  lie accepted the denial, but In his  judgment the greatest danger, ono that  had menaced eveiy great race in hln-  tory, was that becoming rich they  might also 'become vicious and luxurious In their hal>lts.  He 'believed! Jn unionism for the protection of those who wero weak. He  Ibclid.iedl that the natural wealth of  tho country should bo the property of  tho .people. The capital necessary for  development should be within the control of the government and should be  used to develop the country's natural  resources.   OLoud lapplause.)  J. H. HaAvtlKornthwUlte, IM. P. P.,  said   that many  labor problems  had  been touched upon (by previous speakers  and a fair attempt had been made to  iind satisfactory solutions.   The most  noticeable feature of the labor world  of to dlay was the great unrest prevailing.   There had  never been so  much  commotion, so many strikes as at present.   There muit be iome cause   for  this state of things, amd  they should  try  to discover Jt.   Among  the  commonest reasons advanced by capitalists  was that t'he.vstriktes were due to professional   agitators.   A   Victoria   mer-  chant hod fold Him that In his opinion  strikes, were fomented iby men in the  ran'ks of lalbor who were not workers.  There    anight Ibe good reason    for  a  strike, ibut nlfter it was settled the agitator found his oocupation gone.and  got otp another strike for certain reasons.   A Victoria paper, not unfriendly  to "lalbor,  Wad stated    that   strikes  were a feature of good tllmes, and not  of ibad times, and suggested that the  men took that means of obtaining a  holiday.   "Writing to a New York mining journal a Mr. R. XV. Raymond had  said lof the iKossIand strike that its object iwas  to create a reign of terror.  The imlne owners had been blaokinail-  ed Iby lazy -workers who dlld not want  to   do  a fair  day's  wo* for  a fair  day's   wage.   He  diew    a   picture  of  plug-hatted, frock-coated, be-dilamond-  ed gentleman who spent his time worthing up trouble.   He (the speaker) [knew  something of strikes and strikers and  he had never met this individual. .,The  whole idea was absurd and ridiculous.  That   strikes   occurred    only in good  times showed  that in bad'  times the  men  desired  to give the operators a  chance, while iin good times they aVlted  a share of  the Increased profits. ' As  the Chinese and Japs that the latter  were more objectiona'ble from' a labor,  standpoint than the Chinese. "We were  asked to tolerate these people on the  grounds of Imperial   .policy.   Here the  speaker turned to Col. Prior, who was  on the platform, and drew an amusing  .picture of the gallant memlber for Victoria  repelling invaders with the aid  of 'Mongolian troops, the exposition being received wJth shouts of laughter.  The dailkest stains on Britain's  Hag,  he continued, had been the result of a  imlsuilkon imperialistic policy  promulgated 'by statesmen unworthy of the  name.   Ho  instanced   ,the  forcing of  the opium trafllc on China and the los_��  of the iNorth American colonies.      It  was true   In   Shnlkespeare's    time, he  added), qutotlng the poet, that England'  need fear inothlng if she but to herself  proved true, nnd it was true to-day.  She was not true to herself, however,  when she forced Chinese and Japanese,  competition >upon her son's and daughters In British Coluirtbla dt the point  of the bayorfot.   (Applause.)   He (hoped  tha't the -workers for alleged reasons of Christian principle, for business reasons, nor for so-called Imperial  policy, .would elver submit to this.   The  remedy, ihowcver, .was not the bullet,  but it/he ballot.   He was the only member of  the local  house elected on  a  straight laoor tldket and' he was rattier   lonely.      (Laughter.)   He Jidped  that after tflie by-elections there would  be one or two more, and after the general  elections 15 or 20 straight lalbor  memlbers dn the house.   Then the settlement of    the   Mongolian   question  would not take long.   (Applause).  The proceedings concluded with a*  ivote of thante to the chairman and  the singing of the national anthem.  i -<9��_ ��� ���   ' ��� Unlon-n  N/*^s.'^ . ��� Union-made Cigajs^z .���  wSkJi "J ���"B"i >��������-������������.- ���__...ft��ic��___, |  ������WUftM*l.lm -i*.i.-valwtum,  ,-~*tM.lMi.im'!T,   in ii . .  corraontD _2_&jSw/w._   *  f     cmv*i     ,\  aataBcacBcarvSSa  llie Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one. (Seattle Eaiaier beer,5cents.  i'xuiowung is o. list of tlie Union cigar factories in British Columbia Who  use .the blue Ialbeil:  XV. Tletjen, No. 1���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Ku mis & Co. Mo. 2���IM vision No.  Vancouver.  Inland Cigar MGanufacturlng' Company, No. 3���Dlvlolon No. 38, Kamloops.  U. Wllberg & Co., No. 4���.Division No.  3$, New Westminster.  T. Woxauook, No. G���Division No,  Vancouver.  KoJom-na Shinpers' Unton Company,  No. 8-DlvlsIon No. 38, Kelowna.  Wright Bios, No. <h-D_vii_don No. 38,  Iwsaland.  Kootenay Ol^ar Manufacturing1 Company, No. 19���Division No. 38, Nelson.  Metre & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, Victoria.  M. Banitiley, No. B-tDlviBlon No. 37,  Victoria.  Island Cigar Factory, S. Norman, No.  6���Division No. 37, Vlotoria.  Province Oigar Co., No. 7���'Dlvasaon  No. 37, Victoria.  A. SWhmotar & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. GaMe, No. 9���Divlsloiv Nk). 37, Nanalmo!  J. Leoy, No. 11���-Divlcllon No. 37, Victoria.    ,  ���M. J. Booth, No. M-IWvtoion No. 37,  Nanalmo. i/��  C. G. Beflinsen���.Division No. 37, Victoria.  T. P. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. ,12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 5���Division No.  38, Reiveastoke.  J. Martin, No. 7���Division No. 38.  Sandon.  Phelin & McDonough, No. 12���Division 38, Nelson.  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  (Turner, Beetori & Co.  ' Wholesale Agents  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NELSON, B. C.  ���PHONE 179.  w.- j. McMillan # Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brandai  MONOGBAM, MARGUEBITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, ELJUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle'.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 74G Pender street.  Telephone 1-  turii:out- J. J.  stablea.  ���2���5  for a fine livery  Sparrow, Palace livery  Gold .Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  for  Mr.  Raymond's statements albout  ��� bowed his hetud to tho ammy, ot labor,  -and   jhje   ���prayed ,, tihat it ni^ht   not  winongUy conceive its power, ibjjt to.re-  ��� sponaibility.    .(Aponlause.).  JJiidier the  _pressure_of _ n_*e_felty,_trade3-.unionists  had been compelled to otudy economics,  and the laboring people knew more of  the principles ot ipolltlcaj eoortomy  ���than ,any oHher dlass. This Jtnowledise  woulii one day Ibe used when they ex-  ���erdlsed "their franchise. iThe' situation  -to-day ,was controlleld by the masters  .Mt finance, the imen iwho had monopolized   that   Implement    of  commerce���  ��� money. This wns an evolution, the re-  , suit of the operation of contain laws,  and it had not befcn checked, as It  should haive been. It iwnls wronff to  waste 'labor, but money had said It  wanted as fow men as possible. The  machinery of to-dny wns ln fact not  contribultinsj to the Increase of men  nnd manhood, 'but to the Increase of  things. The highest power Riven to  men' was 'the power .to produce, to  make the raw material useful and  beautiful. That iwas the .glory of the  race,   that   they might  Imitate   their  -Creator In giving part of thomselves  to Uliings and malldlng them more valuable. .The Chinese question at bottom  was that they were inivaded iby an inferior race,  the competition of which  :. they could   not  meet.   He prophesied  Rossland he never 'knew more deliberate  falsehoods   to bo  circulated.   The  Rossland imen were as industrious as  any in British Colum/bla.   The strike,  tike".most of the strikes at present going on, was In favor of trades unionism and on behalf of the right of the  men to combine for their own protection.   He hoped they would never be  defeated.   (Applause.)   Mr.  Hawthorn-'  thwaite  then   reviewed   the   reforms  gained by trades unionism and passed,  to the consideration or the great evils  still existing.   In iGWeat, Britain nlone  800,000 men, were homeless", hungry and  hopeless.   If   the    twentieth    century  passed as the  nineteenth ,h'ad .passed  one might ���well doubt .the efficacy of  civilization and even,the!ipower of le-  Hglon.   A remedy,  however,  must be  found, and lie was satisfied 'that the  remedy that would be ultimately applied would jbeeoclalismpure and dimple.   If the teajpltolists amd the employ-  era of labor anl3 the wealthy ones of  the world objected to the drastic nature oi this remedly thoy ihfldi nobody  but themselves to thank for .it.^as during all 'these years they hald made no  effort =. to-allovlato ��� these���conditions.-  The ^extreme   remedies   of   socialism  were not necessary in British Columbia ob yet.   Here the government ownership  of  railways and   public  franchises were advocated .by fabor nien.  These were really socialistic remedies,  and of which 'he    entirely  approved.  Not  one per ctent.  of ithe legislation  passed in the lost twenty years  had  lien enntetdd*. directly for the benefit if  the wortaM-s.   Ho charged the governments, tooth domlnibn and provincial,1  and  the iblg corporations,  with being  responsible for the presence of hordes  of Mongolians In this province, and he  wns entirely sntisWled that tho IilberaJ  government did mot Intend to make an  honest effort to the satisfaction of the  workers.   It had .been said that Mongolian labor wus necessary to the pro-  guess of  this  country,  but he would  point out that cheap labor countries  were tlio least- advanced In the world.  It was  alleged that  Mongolian  labor  was necessary to develop the resources  of the country, but he .contended that  the resources wero n'ot developed but  exhausted by tlds means.   He was emphatically  of   tho  opinion    regarding  Tho Mint  Is the new saloon at the corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  VANCOUVER TRADES A_NT> LABOR  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, W. J. Lamrick; secretary, T. H.  Cross; financial secretary, W. 3. Beer;  treasurer, C. .Crowder; statistician, XV.  McKtssock; sergeant-at-arms, G. F. Lenfesty. Meetings���First and third Friday.ln  each month, at 7.30 p.m., in .Union hall,  corner Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  JOURNEYMEN BARBERS' INTERNATIONAL. UNION, No. 120-ProsIdent,  G. W. Isaacs; vlco-preHdcnt, A. H. Leff-  gatf, corresponding and fin. sec, D. P.  Morgan; treasurer, J. A. Davidson; guide,  J. A. ,Stewart; guardian, B. Mbrgan;  delegates to T. & L. Council, Messrs.  DIbden and McCallum. Meets first and  third Wednesdays of oach month In Union  Hall.  COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No.1 28. President, Chas  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmuir streets.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a lo\v, price, our, 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.  ALIEN  LABOR  AT   ROSSLAND.  The alien law Willi get a fair test at  Rossland.' Al. Geiser, who has taken  a <*>ntract from. jBanney Macdonald to  ie-open the iLe.Roi, is smuggling men  in from the United States to wortc ln  the mine. The Miners' union intends  to' invoke tlhe Jaw amd try ito jput Geiser,. Maiodonaid and'.the^ goats.over the  road. The . Western..Fedleratton has  more money,to'spend on'this tight' tha_a  MacdoiiaM.,a3id.ih!is ibaxJWere, 1aiid. there  will! be. conisflderaJblle excitement in  Rossland olver the case.  Hunt & Poster, Hastings street.  ��� A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Clubb & Stewart, Cordova street.  XV. Murphy, Cordova street  MoRae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  E. Larsen, Hastings Street.  J. Carrelll, Cordova street.  Simon & Co.. Cordova street.  UNION BABBER SHOPS.  ..The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver.   Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon   Ton   barber   shop,'   Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  ,Harvie & Ellis, .Cambie street.  , Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Snialley's    Barber    Shop,    Cordova  street.  The Whittier Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street  C",'^. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.    -  Army .and Navy (Oscar Beyilaindt)���  Granville sueot, under Trorey's.'  ���   -t      i .        f   .    t  3. H. Stevens, Mount Pleasant.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet the last Sunday in eaoh  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Campbell; vice-president, Gcorite Wilby;  secretary, s. j. Gothard, P. O. box 66;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew 'Stuart; executive committee, E  li WoodiulT, 6. R. Robb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  .T.  H.  Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Meets second and fouruh Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings 6treet  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. ��� O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Lalbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J. Howes.  TEL. ,346.  Pour Cents  a [sound  ���is our charge for family waahinc It  puts a first-class laundry within the  reach of every household iu Vancouver.  It is CHEAPER than doing the work  at home, and all tlle trouble and worry  is saved. - .. .     ,  FOUR CENTS A POUMD covers all  ordinary family washing. All goods  that will go through theniangle are sent  homo ready for use���all others ready for  ironing; OR, if you wish us to do the  ironing our charge for this is proportionately low.  PBONEEi*  Phone 346. 910 - 914 Riciiabds' St  white labor only.  _nBR_H_BBEBBBB  fe^itil*'iBitJ!i^iils!"i3c?;  and  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday Jn Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. MoKen-  zle, 487 Ninth .avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary.'A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  , Pay up your subscription to the In-  d*pende__tv lit dtxes tiot cost you" much  and you should not hesitate about giv-  Irig-your support-readlly-to a-labor paper.  The Jnvestigaitlloai Jnto the Islander  disaster Iby t the government at VCc-  torla is like' all other government Inquiries���a ftoce. How* long will the  people put aip with such tomfoolery.  The cause of the losing so many pro-  clous lives should Ibe laHd to the guilty,  If any one. were to blarme, no matter  what it costs. Corporations Should  not be shielded amy more than any  other people.  {   ��� UNION BA.KHKTEB,  ���XV. D.'.Muir, Mount Pleasant  .W__,Murray, IPrior street'.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster ave-  **?-*������  *F.t .Adairis, Scotch Bakery; Hastings'  street.      .......  IW. D. Kent, 66 Cordova street  J.,bberi, Hastings street.  SUUnchen Co., Granville street.  Barnwell, Bros., Granville, street.  Xiargen_&_Tupper,_Granvllle_street,  THE RETAIL -CLERKS' INTERNA-  TIONIAL'PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, tho first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A_  Phillip, .president; W. J." Lamrick, secretary, 24S Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNIOtN,l-No. 113, W.'  F.-iM., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president' C. A. MelvilU;  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer,- H. V. Price; conductor,' P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  - MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No.. 182-  Meets second'and fourth-Wednesday-in'  each month ..in Union., Hall., President,  Wm. 3eer;Nxnrespondli_g secretary, E  Ttmrntos, 726 Hamilton-ertreot; ftntuiclal  secretary,' J. 33. MoVety, 1211 Seymour,  street  VANCOUVER. FISHERMIHN'S UNION,  . No. 2. Meets In Laibor Hall) * Homer  street, every .first ondithird Saturday.in  each month at 9 p. m. Ernest Burn, president;' Chas. Durham,' secretary, 817 Harris street.     .  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All ambcri of Ibe R. C. I. P. A. cm show (bis card.  Atk for II wlno ___J_l_i jour pntliues.  CNOoneco bv thk a r. or u .  Bluo Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by whito men���are you drinking it ?  JOUREYMKN' -(B1AKEIRS' AMD OON-"  . FECTIONHRS' -International.. Union of  America^ Local No. 46, Vancouvor, B.  C*.President,! James Webster; vice-president, J^ ^V��� Wilkinson; recording secre-.  tary. Murdo MaoLcan,' 2721 Westminster  "AvenuerflnancdalBocretaryrHr-MaMullIn'  Toronto Candy Co.; treasurer, W. A.  Wcods,t.355 -Ninth 'Ave, Mt. Pleasant;  corresponding secretary,. *\ Rnwllnsls,  Barnwell Bros., 'Granville street; masters-at-arms, F. Moyles and Fred Oar-  tle; delegates to T. & L. Qouncll, F,  Rawllngs and J. W. Wilkinson.  PACifKC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Hoate  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada and the.United States.  THK FABTEST.AND BEST EQUIPPED TEADS  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  -. ...    SAILINGS FOR JAPAN AKD CHIKA.   .       .   '.  Empress of China July 8th  Empress of India,.'. July 29th  Empress of Japan June 17th.  and evory four weeks thereafter.*  c    (  ,       r,f.:   .     '_ ,      ,.    -. ,..   ... ,        -.      -r  SAlHtra FOB HONOLULU AND AUSTBAXIA.  Moana ,>. May SlB t ;���  Miowora June 28th.  Aorangi *. July 26th  and every four weeks thereafter.  i For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to  . -       ....,!.  J. COYLE,.  .;A.G.P.A.  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SCLATEB,  Tl ciet Agent, ^  428 Hastings'Sti',  Vahcouver,'Bl a'.  , THERE IS  NO   BANOT  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, .go to , the Palace  livery'(tables.  Telephone 126.  Tlie Independent wantB a report of  each union meriting and ndrns concern-  ling itho members of every organization.  Suich reports and news will do much to  sustain and crc'ato Interest In the organisations. Secretaries are especially  urg!ekl to send im these reports, bult  news ifrom any member olf an organization will be retoelved with pleasure.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. GQc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  OHK.TMIND ACTUAL IIK  COLOR 18 CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months namod on right  hud corner nnd whon proporly Blfrnod and  btamfid with the numbor of the Local. "  mm FOR SALE  for Setting, $1.50 for 13  BLACK LANOSNAIMS  Stock took First Prize at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  "MoST   W. D. Jones  CIGARMAKERS ' UNION, NO. 357-  , Meets' the first Tuesday In' each month  In Union hall. President,'A. Kochel;.vice-  picsldont, C. * Crowder; secretary,' G.  Thomas, Jr., 148 Cordova . street ,weet;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and I_abor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  ..t.  BROTHDRHOOD OF PAINTBHS AND  * DECORATORS, Locnl Union Nlo. 138.  Meets overy Thursday in Lalbor hall.  President, XV. Pavlor; vice-president,, B.  Crush:- recording-secretary, - C. "Pindcr,  1769 Eighth ,avenue, Fain-lew; financial  secretary, W. Stanley, 418 .Keefer street;  truiHUrcr,i H. MoSorioy;. trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and XV. Oolc.  JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA^ No. 178���Meets iiltornnlo  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall President. F. WlillnmR. vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secretary, ir. O.  Hun-lit; financial secretary, Wilfred  Larson; treasurer, C. E. Ncllson; ser-  geiint-at-arms,  A.  J.  Kennedy.  For the next 80 days you can  get a suit at  your own price at  THE   ACME  To introduce ournew system of tailoring before our Fall Stock arrives.  21 Georgia St. c. L. Holland, Cutter.  ytfrif  The price is now  such that.almost, everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.  .SEPTEMBER 7, 1901  h  ,.iy,  *.-���;_'  I  '���$!  ���  M  ill"  %  *_!_������  ��'  (fi!'  |:  mi  t  ���Ai* ���'  ii  LETTER CARRIERS'REPORT  The Postal Employees union, of this  City, lias fomvarded to tlhelr annual  convention, which meets at Ottawa  this month, m memorial, extracts of  which we publish, considering them of  general interest ito labor. After referring to the proposed amendments to  the constitution and making suggestions a.s to some alterations of the  uniform clothing as now supplied to  letter wiroleft,   It goes on;  The CIO  Per   Cent.   Increase.  The proposed 20 per cent, increase  asked for, ��t the last session' of parliament will not 'benefit us to the same  extent (situated ns we are lu the far  vest) us it will our brethren in On-  - tnirlo, 'iind the eastern cities, by reason  of the high price of every article of  consumption' 'and the excessive -high  iciits 'which .prevail here. In many instances the .purchasing lvalue of a dollar is depreciated to ithe .amount of the  increase asked for. Therefore, In or-  . der to participate in the'advantage of  ������'tlhe'promised increase, special arrangement ���will halve to be .made to suit the  peculiar position of this western coiin-  ��� try.   ^       x  ,, ���.' iStaitutory Increase.  The increase1'o�� wages 'allowed by  statute due in 1897 was arrested, up to  the time of writing, no attempt on the  part of .the department has been made  to pay ithls arrested increase. This is  a question which ;we thiiik the convention should demand oil immediate settlement, basing their demand on She  authority of section 23 of the civil service act, page 1S2. ���  We. Waive'yet to hear of any attempt  oh the part of the department to arrest  the . iawiful increase of pay of those  employees, 'tn. itihe higher grades of the  semitce. .To stop .the increase of wages  ,'. allowed by act'of; parliament''to men.  who .perform the laborious /\voi1k, seems  . especially cruel and unjust.  Then there is the long delay dn pay-,  iris the annual increment, after it becomes due. ..The department sees to it  thait prompt audi- exacting services  shall ibe extracted from the employees  at alU .'times;" we In tunn expect that  ..they shall show .us .an example, by  being .prompt and exacting in paying  the men their ilnoreased ,wa&es when  due,; and "mot to allow it to run_on  to an irideiflniiite time as is now  the .case.   .',...  ���-' Annual Leave.-  :.... We are experiencing a good deal of  'dissatisfaction* in regard to bur animal  leave.   No provision .is made  alt  this  office   to (provide substitutes  for  per--  _ formiing the,duty of those who are allowed by. statute a 'holiday.   The absent employee's worlt has  to be per-  ���;��� formed by the othera and no extra re-  ;y numeration  is allowed for tills  extra  ;   work.   The   depai'tment   has    igramted  this'..privilege, but has failed to maike  provision  for its  proper performance,  .consequently  it falls ;upon the'' others,  ;   to do the albsent one's...wbrtt,: In addl-  ���..'.��� tion to their own, and an Injustice is  Pierpetaiaited.   TKe  ladjvtantage   of   this  .holiday to the employees is,., therefore,  more  apparent  than real.  This ds  a  ���::���: vary." economical arrangement for the  v'dlepairtment.as.it.does not cost them  one 'cent  to give  the employees, holidays, .but ds 'conltrlary.to all .principles  . :<xf justice.. <���-. X ,    '7 . - -   ���  ..Board, of Conciliation.  The present'Postmaster-General, the  Hion. W. Mulock, Has iwid>ened out from  . the.usuoil Ibeaten ti'aek of his predeces-  ,:.sors by estalMishimg a'sbureau of labor  I ;anid...has appointed, commissioners  in  i   various pairts of the;   country I whose  'fliulty.it is to see.that the lalboning' class  ehall be-padld the... current    rate  of  .���wages.dbtauinUng in that iiarticutor lo-  '* cality, .on -tail   governmertt  contracts.  We,would a__ttc that In order to toom-  plete tftie .good '\Voiik, he causes to be  .created  a  .bdard  of  conodllation -.or'  court   of   independent   appeal,   easily  great importance is that of bringing  the association dnto  Affiliation With the Trades and Labor  Congress  of Canada; every local branch should  be connected with it; this is a Canadian organization, and therefore better  'fitted to advocate our cause than any  other outside Canada. We desire to  see our association a society -wihlch has  weight and Inlluence upon ull questions  affecting our interests, iind the time  must come, and that shortly,' when we  shall foe recognized of sutllclent 'Importance amongst the organized labor  unions that when our rights as laboring men are threatened, that-If redress  is .refused, or withheld, ,we should feel  that we have t'he support and backing  of all organized labor throughout the  country. This will compel attention,  and 'will bring about .a speedy amelioration of our grievances.       ...  maae~1aTccesslMe_to~"allI"po"stal_employ--  ees. It very frequently 'happens, especially to those at a long dWtame  from headquarters, that the employees meet ���with eonslideraible Injustice in  \ regand to their duties, hours of employment, walges, promotion, and other  matters nioit necessary to specify, and  ���no opportunity given them to appeal.  Cases are known to most of .us- where  local posbmastens aire not always capable of'forming'a wise judgment, and  sometimes through mere caprice, or  personal dislike, men Kove been suspended, aiid lultliniately dismissed from  the service, and a great hardship lias  ibeen done. We therefore nsk the as-  Blataruce of the conMention to make a  strong recommendation to the r/nstmns-  ter-general In this iriatter. The Hon.  iMr. Mulocfk has shown great Interest  In the welfare of the ivorlders outside  of .his own department; as a matter  at consistency and justice, we ask him  to extend to his own people, and those  ���more immediately under his control,  the same privileges and ad.van tages.  Another sutoje'et  which    we  dCem  of  OAUPENTERS VS. CONTRACTORS.  Tlie following manifesto Is Issued by  the .canpenters of .Winnipeg and It will  doubtless con-eat mistaken ideas in the  minds of many as to the causes leading up to the strike and .tihe present'attitude of the men;  The carpenters on strike in.Winnipeg iieairlng-sometimes In conversation, and seeing sometimes In print,  such distorted and untruthful statements respecting their demands and  position, desire hereby for the better  informing of property owners, with  work suspended or -interrupted, and  t'he public generally, to soate plainly  and accurately their case. For a long  time previous to the spring of 1S99 thn  tritde. in the matter of wages, was in  a.n unsatisfactory condition from imperfect organization and other caus.?3  difficult to control. In May of that  year a strike took place, resulting in  an arbitration award of a. minimum  wage of 27 1-2 cents per hour and 30  cents for capable men. The awaii'd was  violated almost from, the beginning by  some employers and practically all  .made 27 1-2 cents the maximum. Men  who had .before the strike received 30  cents per hour were reduced to 27 1-2  cen'ts, and before the end. of the season the wage rate was in a: demoralized - condition, 'and all .benefit from the  award was lost."In.January, 190.0, a  public meeting of all carpenters was  held and a circular was addressed ��� to  the contractors' exchange ; inlviiting a  conference to flx the question of wages  aind hours of the coining season, as  three months' notice -was -required by.  the antti traitors' award. No reply or.  acknowledgement was -received; In  March a joint meeting was held by the  two carpenter, unions anda similar, request was imade to the.employers, with  the same; result���no . "reply.;; Later, on  a diemand was m'ade on the contractors  for 35 'cents/.per hour and-Saturday  afternoons off, and. the only reply, if  such it might. be; Xsalled, \yas a paragraph in a daily .newspaper intimating  that contiractors^ivould not deal,with  the men as a body, but as dndlyiduals,  atthe.same t1me:aJcHng:a3 an association -for .mutual'.'benefit themselves.  Wages ruled low and uncertain during  the ,whole season of 1900. .The disrespectful, and. unbusinesslike manner in  whlcli the darpenters Wave been treated,  in the' past by the contoaetors, coupled  with their failure to observe the terms  of. the arbitration.award; are the .principal reasons Why the. carpenters have  chosen their, own'time this year for an  effort to improve thellr condition. Proof  enough has been.advanced 'that dar-,  penters are inadequately paid, arid) this  Is not denied by amajonityof the em-,  ployers.,-.' The .eairperiters are now Iwaiitr  ing for am aiis^ver.'or,a;'conference'from  the; contTactiors in regard to their last,  demands. This statement is specially  addressed to those Immediately Interested and to the puiblic. with a (View  to correct misrepresentations; and pre-,  sent the'oase in arightattilitiude.': The  position of the: carpetatens.ls the same  to-day as on'tfie first day of the strike.  They feel they are <fuMy justlfledi from  evei-y^pblnt^pf^v.icw^in4he=aet'ion^they:  have talken and that the whole onus  of the strike rests upon the contractors, for they refused to meet and discuss the situation with the men. That  the attitude of the imen is hot deMiuit  or inconsiderate Is attested by the following, published.on the second day of  the strike'as .an-'. official.:, staltemen't:  "As It means disaster to both the carpenter and the contractor to engage In  a protracted struggle^ ft would appear  wise and reasonable, before any of the  inoidental quarrels to a strike arise,  to have a conference aind -ascertain If  there Is not enough fairness on both  sides to arrange an Immediate and satisfactory settlement." y.:  (Signed.) T. RITSOX,  Secretary.  H. ALBERT, ,,*';���,  Chairman  Strike Committee.  THE LAY FIGURE.  Flint's. Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore foiling appetite and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  By George Du Marnier, Author of "Trilby."  [This weird and powerful story, written by George Du Manner, and published  anonymously in 1S33, shows that more  than a dozen venrs before he submitted  "Trilby," over bin mime, to thu judgment (if the literary world, he was trying  his hand, tentatively, at short-story writ-  inj* in the supernatural vein which he  employed io stiuli advantage in his Intel  stories. All those who read "Peter Ifoliet-  son" nnd "Trilby" with a zest will greatly  enjoy this tale.]  Upon ono of my trips to Paris���nnd I  am rnthor partial to running orer there  occasionally, as refreshing to both my  eyn and hand (for I nm an artist, a  painter of "gonro" pictures, my subjoots  gnnerally in fnshionnblo life)���upon ono  of theso excursions I clmnood to ue in  tho neighborhood nf Mont St. Genovlove,  ln a long, narrnw lano going down-hill  and occupied ou both sides of tha way by  brlo-n-lirno .hops and socond-huud furniture dealers,  Thero wnru many articles I should  havo been glad to possess, suoli as carved  oablnots and other furniture of the flf-  tnenth century, which had found tholr  way to theso onrloslty-mongors.. from  many old houses and ohatcanx ransacked  by tho Prussians; but. evon could I  have given the prices demanded for  them, I should hnvo found their weight  Incommodious and expensive for transit  to England. AH at onco my glnnce  ohanoedto fall nn a lay flgura exposed  for sale���a very beautiful lay figure, too,  a female. It arrested mo on the spot.  Tho master and mlstross of tho shop immediately advanced, inviting mo to enter  and inspeot it, assuring mo it was in  perfect oondltlon, and if I '-would tako  it I should havo it at a bargain. "Cent  vingt francs I" Five pounds! It was  wonderful���a bargain indood, If unbroken. Why, I had paid flvo-and-twenty  pounds for mine nt home, ln every respect Inferior to this. So I ontered the  shop nnd I inndo a minute examination.  The lay figure was tiod up to the side  wall with a strong cord, and it took  somo time to unfasten it The formation  wbb perfect, quite a work of art, for lt  was a model of n beautiful woman 'of  oxquisito proportions cased in a fine  elnstlo silk skin. All the joints worked  well ln their sockets, as easily as if recently oiled. Tho head turned gracefully  on its slight neok, and its long, soft,  hlaek hair was worked into tho scalp as  only French hands could work it, The  face was oval, of a Ann enameled aur-  faoe, painted a pnle oreamy tint; tho  eyes wero brown and different from any  I had over seen in lay<, figures, of glass  like o doll's.  Here was a ohanoo, a bnrgain, indeed I'  I pulled out my purso to cxnmine Its  contents. Alas! I found it seven francs  deficient. I countod It agnin, and felt in  my pockets, the dealer watching mo.  "JN'importo," said >. the man,' smiling  with great bonhomie. ^'Monsieur is  artiste-pointfo; cola sulllt; I have a great  respeot for his profession; ho shall have  it for his money.". Wonderful!. A Fronoh-  mnn to bo so libernl! Generally I found  them rather difficult to treat with, hut  here was an exception. Now another  obstaole presented itself. If I gavo him  the whole contents of my purse,how  oould il.pny'.-th* floored in whioh I proposed to oorry homo my purohnsof I dfi-  murred again. My generous doaler held  up both his bands. "Pardon, was It not  the duty of the seller to convey his goods  to the purchaser? If monsieur would wait  two soconds, tho boy Henri should wheol  it on a'trnok to 'monsieur's: hotel."  Here, then, we came to a settlement nt  last,1 and I emptied the contents of my  purse into his hand,.at whioh proceeding  he smiled and made mo a polito bow.  The lay figure wore a loose gray llnon  wrappor; it was now carefully packed up  in green baize and placed upon the truck  wheeled hy Henri, a lad of about llftoon.  The dealer took off-his cap and bowed  tone as wo parted; madame made me a  Fronoh bend, witha sweet "Adlou, mon-  Bionr." Alas, for the doceltfulness of Par-  lnians! Happening to glanoeina looking-  glass at the door, I saw refieoted therein  the dealer winking his eye and madame  laughing derisively. Could It possibly bo  at mof" Was I oheatod? No. I had minutely examined my purohase; I supposed  they wore only indulging in a littlo  Bploon at "porfldo Albion."yx  I lodged in the Buo de la Pais, so  that it was rathor n* long distance for  Henri to wheel tho truok, I walking on  the footpath, he bealdemo. on the pave;  and all, wont well until jfe'��� reaohed- ��� the  Bno de Rivoll,* when,' without any previous notice, off rolled'the' lay figure at  the feet of two. Sisters of St Joseph,  who wero jnat orosslng the road. Of  course this caused an obstruction; oarri-  agoB had to draw np, Bergents do villa  pounced down upon us, and, amid rather  strong language and some laughter, the  figure was readjusted and seourely tied  this time. "Monsieur is taking home bis  bridal" cried a floldior.    '  On arriving at tho door of my hotel  the. old oonolerge appeared horror-  stricken ; she fanced there had been an  ;aooldent.__She__W8s_notmaohreaSBnre_d_on.  seeing my purohase unrolled���it was so  exactly like a woman. It was nnpaoked  lu the yard, as. the boy bad to take back-  the baize with him. I ran up to my  room to find a -few sons, and for theso  he seemed bo grateful that he came up  to me whispering" confidentially:;" Monsieur, exouiioz���but ���keep "your.:studio  door looked at nlghtl!' and ran ,;awoy.  No fenr of having lt stolen in London,  thought I, but in Paris no doubt it.  might happen, . " ���.-,  1 then proceeded to carry my purohase  np thteofllghtBbf' stairs to my -room,  taking lt ln my arms, oh I should have  dono a living.person. ;..It.', WHs',heavy, of  oourso, but bo beautiful in Us meolian-  Ism that It. hont oaBlly Into n;sitting  posltliiu. I bad plaoed its armB over my  ���honldera; thoy folt almost as soft as a  woman's; In my Imagination thoy really  appeared to press mo, as If about to meet  around my nook���nn absurd fanoy, of  course. I put lt down on the landing-  plaon whlln I took tho key from tho look  on opening tho door. Now, my lrapres-  ���Ion was that I had placod ihe flguro on  its side, and. I must : oonfess I folt a  littlo surprised to find lt turned over,  lying on its haok. "If it should bo badly  linlanood and apt to roll over," I  thought, "it will not prove snoh a bargain as I exppoted." In o day or two I  was going homo, aud, as November days  wero short, thero was llttlo time to ine  therefore I w��nt ont again immediately  to buy a large paoklng-oiuo for my purchase. An oblong-shaped box would never  do, being too Suggestive of a coffin, and  likely to causa a fuss at the railway station. I was fortunate enough to find a  square one , ready labeled "Objet*  4'Art." Aa the flgura was so flexible, lt  conld bit easily doubled in half, and io  travel without exciting remark.  It was eveniBg when I returni'd to ray  rooms. I had dined, and found tho wine  unusually good; but I deny having taken  too much. As I asoonded the stairs I  was startled by hearing a smothered  laugh���a peouliar laugh, a vory nnno-  turul and unpleasant ono. I paused to  listen. The, rooms Immediately under  mino were ocoupled by a comtosso, n  dovoto; sho had prioats and nuns everlastingly ooming to soo hor���a gri>at  amount of praying nnd not union laughter, I should imagine. All remaining  qulot, I ascended tho next flight, entored  tho room and lighted tho bnuglos. Tlie  lay figure snt oxnetly tho snmo aa I had  loft It: bat let me advlso peoplo'nover to  buy one with glass eye's; lt really was a  most unpleasant sensation to soo them  shining and glittering In that largo,half-  illumined room; they appeared to bo following all my movoments, and I was  slllyconough to dislike thorn so much as  to throw tho table cover over tho hoad  and so shut thorn out. ..The following  morning the packlng-oaao arrived, the  enrpnntor staying to assist me ln plaolng  tho flguro within it and to nail down  tho lid. Thosilly follow appeared quite  frlghtenod, declaring it seomedhalf. nlivoj  bnt Ignorant people aro so superstitious.  Another four-und-twonty hours saw mo  on tho Chomln do For du JNord, homeward bound, my paoking-case in the  luggage van. The longest halt was at  Amiens, whore I alighted for n cup of  coffee. .Tudgo of my astonishment, on  returning to tho train, to find guards,  porters und soldiers hauling tho contents  of tho luggngo van ont upon tho platform���boxes, trunks, portmanteaux, pell-  mell, ono thing upon another���all the  assistants talking ut onco, all In a stato  of exoltomontl What was tho mattor?  Was thero an acoldont? I got no answer.  After completely emptying tho van thoy  examined, its interior very cnrofully  then, amid much swearing, thoy pitched  everything back again ln still greater  hnstu, for fear of helng bohlnd time. I  remember they wero particularly abusive  to tho man who rodo in the luggage  dopartmont, who looked ns white as a  sheet.:  "What's wrong with that man?" I  asked; "is ho 111?'  "No, monsieur," answered the guard;  "he Is only n fnol. Ho declares that all  cbe way from Pnrls thoro hns been a  groaning and knocking * as if somebody  were hidden behind or lnonoof tho boxes.  Fool!'' Here ho slammed to the carriage  door, and off wo went nt great speod to  make up for tho minute or two that had  boon' lost.  Arriving at Boulogne, I and *my lng-  gago went on board tho stoamer at onco;  ohd a very bud, rough passage It was. Of  oqurse one doos not oxpcot the sen to bo  like a mill-pond in tho month of November. On this ocension it waB of leadon-  colorcd huo, with lnrger waves than I  had ever seen in tho Channel, and we  mode very llttlo progress, ono or the  other of the paddles being always out of  the water.- "Nevor; seo d anything like  it, "said the steward, "except when  we've got a dead body on board!" At  lost we reaohed Dovor, and I do not  think I over folt .go '111 In my life���so  giddy and faint ; that I determined to  stay tho night, Instead of proceeding to  London.  The night was no cold, wet and  stormy, that I entored the first haven of  rest, tho "Lord 'Warden/' or I should  .have proceeded to an hotel moro ln,no-  oordance with my means. My luggage  was plaood ln a lobby at'a sldo door  whioh opened to a yard .besldo the railway platform, in readiness for my departure the* next morning, and I wont to  bod and soon fell asleep.'' I think I must  have slept for,about; four hours, when I  was aroused by the Bound of many feet  running under my window. At first I  thought llttlo of it, but presently the  ocoupler of a room adjoining mlno threw  up his window, and called out-;to those  below, asking what was the matter.'"'  -; ." We think there'H a haooldent' on :��� the  line, sir," wns the answer.: Imitating my  neighbor's* examplo, I also raised my  sash and took a survey of tho scene underneath,, whore muoh confusion prevailed.. It was the yard close to the station, for through an nrohwny I saw the  line, where porters : and others appeared  very bnsy among tho empty carriages  with* lanterns; men were hurrying to  and fro, talking excitedly.  7,'/.What I, it.f" I oalled put in my. turn.  7; "When "tho last train came in, sir,  we're feared lt run over somebody; the  crying and groaning, is hawful now and  then���There; don't you hear !nn?" replied a servant of the hotel. I listened,  the wind every minute blowing in; great  gusts from tbe sea. But there were also  short spnsmodlo cries, at nn very. great  distanoe, as If from somo ono in pain.  :. "Here comes tho station mastor I" said  the man, as that offlolal, who had. been  knocked up from his sleep, made his ap-  pearanoe.  ."! "Who la hurt? Where���what la It?','  oried he, all on thu alort.  =."We=oan't���make-out,���sir,'-'-wao tho  reply. "After tho last train came in we  heard Bmothered cries like, and wo've all  been looking on the lino with lights,  but can't see nothing."  >   ".-Tust listen, sir," exolaimed  another.  ���'*Poor creature���somebody's got jammed," said the station master, as a long  wall was presontly heard. "Here���boar a  hand���run the oarrlages down tho metals  ���get tho ambulance ready close by���  glvo mo a lantern���oomo with met" and  the good man : sprang off the platform  on to the line with hlaorlty. What followed I conld not make out, for everybody disappeared; my neighbor grum-  ' bled about falso alarms and being disturbed, closed his window with n bang,  'and wont to bed again, I presumo, as I  eoon after heard him snoring.  In about half an honr the domestics  from the hotel re-entered tho ynrd, nnd I  oalled ont, asking If thoy had found tho  poor creature. ���.,,,'-  ���"."We.ve not found;. nobody ';nor nothing," nuaworod n man. "Blest If any  ono knows who's hurtl"  ' "1'he crying..an' groanlng's. stopped  now, sir," said another. "Vou Bee tho  nlght-timo Is agin' us; we shall find out  something dreadful at daybreak, depend  on that."  (To be continued next week.)  Subscribe for The Independent.  ��� SECOND HAND ���  V Among this lot are somo Cleveland^, Tribunes and Columbias. V'  A All are in good condition,  a  few are almost new.   Very low A--  A prices to clear tliem out. A-  I Wm* RALPH, 126 Hastings St. I  ��� SOLE AGENT ^'-  ���      CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BBCYLES.     ���  ���������������������������������������<���������������������������������������  McLennan,  Mcfecly ��> Co��  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL   DEALERS   IN  ������Shelf and Heavy  ware  MAIL  ORDERS   RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova aud "Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  \piW Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Ci^ar* and 8moking Sundries.  MliLL8f  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ONE WEEK.  II. MBLLS, -10 Cordova St  Our Trunk Store is a Sight,  A full cnrlond'of trunks nnd traveling requisites liave Just been opened nnd put  on display.   Anil n flue display it mnkes of the follow ing goods���nil Absolutely new.'  trunks, all kinds, Suit Cases, Hat Cases, Telescope Cases, Kit Bags, Gladstone Bags,  Club Bags, Surgical Bags, Brief Bags, Ladles' Reticules, Carry-Alls, Collar and Calf Boxes,  Letter Cases, Basket Trunks, Solid Letter Trunks; Toy Trunks, Lunch Coses, Address Tags,  Shoulder Straps, Baggage Straps, Rug Straps, Etc.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT> CO.  104 and 106 Cordova Street.  Trunk Store 12? Hasting* St., 0(j|*. Wm. Ralph's.  rryamimuait*  Snorting Goods!  TENNIS, CRICKET, CROQUET,  HAMMOCKS, FISHING TACKLE,  BASEBALL, LACROSSE,,  , BOXING .GLOVES  " AND PUNCHING BAGS, ETC.  E.  521  Hastings*  Street.  .AngelCake,.  *. .. ...    *  io called because It Is fit for the,'angels.. '  Leave an order the day" be/orb - you "���  ,, want lt,: and we will not disappoint you;-.  '  Two Sizes���23c and SOc.  And  .' IF IT'S OBEN'8^���It's pure���  that's sure."  Kaker.anti���  Confectioner,  413 Hnstlngs Street.    * ; Telephone 867;  BKANCHES: Bench Houso, No. 4 Arcade.  ROYAL   HOTEL  Near to All Steamboat Wharves and  Hallway Depots.  130 WATER ST.    -    ���...    VANCOUVER,' B. C  Everything now-.and .up-to-date. Electric  Light throughout. Rates, (1 to J2 a day,  Special rates for the week or month.  HOPRIHK, 8PENCE ft CO!  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade  f riiif Season!  .    .This is the time of the year you  need Preserving Kettles, Fruit  Presses, etc.,*so you would do  well to .call and see our prices -  before buying.  RrG7BUCHANAN^CO::  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and  408 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  Subscribe  for  Tbe  independent"  $1.25 a Year,  ��������������������*������������������  | :   GE0.HAY   : t  I  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     fA  Renovator, makes a Bult new.      ^  X Dyeing and Repairing  A. 216 Camdie St., Vancouvbb.  ���������������������������������������  t  ^jitt��w����!W��&7ra*e��WflSKMf��s^  jta��L*ttv^!s_?__;

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