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The Independent Sep 21, 1901

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 jRUBSCRIPTlOa'$1.25 A YEAR  Wage-earmars should sub-  :-.     scribe, because this paiper  ' 'te published as their organ.  B. C. PERMAMT LOAN AND  SAVINGS CO.  Authorlted Capital  Subscribed Capital  Assetsover  ��10,000,000  1,500,000  300,000 .  Head Oflice 321 Cambie Street, Van*  couver, B.C.  VOL.3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 21, 1901.  NO. 26.  IHEWEST ENGLMD  OR NEW zealmd:  " (By G.i R. Maxwell, M. P.)  (Continued tram last weeik.)  Mr; Lloyd deals in a <very interesting, as well as Instructive way, with  the great question or govemmon own-  :'��rshlp of railways.   We are theorizing  -    lalbout the question, while New Zealand  ft'aias settled It lor all time-   Of course,  .-/7*here was the usual fight���andi a bis  Sn\0\ti lt was���.between  those, in faivor  .   ol pt'h'ate and those in favoi-of public  ; ownership.   And we can Imagine tihat  ���the .moneyed men went into the campaign ^vlth their gold tb keep railways  in their own hands.   But Ithe .people of  New Zealand had theli- minds made up  as to wflialt, they Intended  to do,  the  -, iesult'of wihlch was that railways are  owned b>7 the'people,, and are ruii by  ���Uhe ipeople I or the people.   We aire told  ���In the book 'that the Ideal of democ-  .recy is.to run its road  ^fiixForService-^Notitor Profit.  ". -The..minister of railways says:   "After  nve have earned enough to 'pay the,expenses of operation and the Interest on  ���tbe Tnoneyboniowed -to build, the railroad we reduce charges as rapidly as  '������. profits - Increase'.'���'��� Tlie   premier,   iii   a  speech, defined uhe railway policy of  ���;������  the. government 'to be that any profit  over   three. Per   cent,   needed   to  V'-iy  Interest on .Its. cost must be. returned  ..   io th"e".people In. lower .rales and better  accommodations.','., A .very good policy  '���':   indeed.. Tliirtk of the charters the Can-*  '���������;' adian .people  have; ini\*estetl; in; their  railways,; and wlhnt    have    tliey got?  Nothing.   Tlie people are never considered,   because  our  railroads  arc  run,  'as'; opposed to those "of Saw Zealand,  for prolit���not 'tlhe profit of the people  '^���'���primarily, but of- those Hviio; have re-.  ������'-. celved the- people's privileges, and. the  people's money.   Of course, It is arguea  '[[a gainst_EOi\-ernment;;. -owriership^-that'  ;   railways cost more than  Uhey. return.  ���.-������' Suppose7thait:; were: true,; iiliinik.of tbe  7; semi ee, rendered and the "benefits con ���'  : ferred,  and   these '.'far.   bu t'welgtli  any  * deficit.incurred..; Bu t^tihls Is,not always  true. ' When" we .remember ��� that .rates  -are .lowered .'and   accommodation   1 iixr.  proved as profits Increase',: we see. tbat  what may be lucking in the dividend  .lias; been .put into the pockets of tlho  people, .while their comfort at (live sarnie  time ,1s improved all round.   We haive  :  one department .wholly\ - -j  ���Owned audiControlled iby :<}lie State  and 'tihalt isVthe post-otilce department.  We   don't: expect   dividends.'.. and we  .don't .grumble, over a deficit.. but'"'.wo  look for a good service ifor 'the people,  ; and irthlit jsgi'ven ithe ../people are sat-''  i isfled. ,.i: dont  know  a single  public  rrvaai to-day that iwaivts this    department placed In tihe. liaiiids, of/private  individuals fo be run by them for'pro-.'  fit..7\Ve all;ifeel tbat the peoiple ought  ���to own this.7 Well then, It is'oiviy foliy  on our punt that we. do notgo a. step  '���.";&tirtlier, and:isay .the people must own  .:and control ihe railways of .'the: coiin-  ..'��� tr>'.: aiid 'then the 1-peoplei *.iipt: -prl.va.te  ���individuals,*":wouldl get iiie.'full;bonefl*.  ���..'.jroiii. their- judicious operations'.;7There  ' is one burning question now, in Canada  and that is rates.   So many complaints  have been made that tlhe 'minister: of  railways has ibeen, forced to - ,  -' ;: Appoint a Commissioner - 7'" ��� "���  io enquire Into the matter. Now Zealand has no such question.. 'Mr. Lloyd  tells us t'hat such a thing os a rebate  or a discrimination. in ifn'vor of one  . iefhlpper against another Is ���unknown.  No would Jbe' 'commercial conqueror can  , get ithe traffic manager' of tlho New  Zealandi. railroads".-to mvatee hlni a rata  that Willi drive ihis .competitors out of  business. 'He discussed this with one  of tho null road" officials. I 'asked him  ���wihat the unit of shipment iwus In coal.  The rates for coal, he said. wei>e niade  bythe ton. Could aaiiun, 1 -naked lilm,  i. hip ten thousand tons and get a lower rate than the'.'nihil who shipped one  thousand; tons. No, he replied, not If  he shipped! ten .mlllfon tons.'���, W.c'iire  Informed also by :tlie uni-nlstcr of railways"inj this; report .for 1S99 itihut he  announced 'reductions of iforty per cent.  In the rates of ifanu products, and  twenty per -cent, on butter audi cheese  ���reduction^ equal to one-seventh of  one yeai's levenue. Mr Lloyd says  tbat It such lowering of charges were  to1 take place in tlhe United 'States it  would  Relieve the People  t<J 'tlie extent  of  $130,000,000    a year.  This is anolthev strong aigument in  favor of public ownership as opposed  to private ownership.   The public get  tbe.full benefit through reduced rates,  und every man is treated alike.   We  liave also a fascinating picture of how  theopeople operate railways In the Interest ot Che people.   Mr.  Lloydl tells  us about standing 'at Wellington, and  a train pulla up���rtwo or three times  the usual length���full of school children,  anil  ndds,   these  excursions are  one of the specialties of the ownership  of the highways by the people of New  Zealand.   Also morning ind    evening  trains,   called   working    men's  trains,  runk out .from .the principal  towns to  the suburban limits ��t  a  fare of  5"  cents a Week.   These trains are open  to all travelers, for there is a strong  opposttlon to the Whole ipolicy of class  trains,   x cannot .dwell longer on this  almost idyllic condition of things, but  enough has been said  to show'how  ���much iwe are  missing and 'losing  In  Canada by refusal'-to have our railways  owned   by: :the  .people.  I Jiawe  hopes,''however, that the'rising generation will ibe wiiser'than we, and that  government ownei-shlp Is -��� :'  Not Par Away.  I would like to dwell on* the publle  debt of New Zealand. . Suffice it to  quote tlie' words' of 'Mr.' Lloyd, that  "the.���people'of'New Zealand and Australia understand 'perfeeHy well their  unique advantage in being, the only  countries: In tihe '-world wWcse public  dabt'stands foripublic ivonlcs instead of  public/wars, 'and represent construction  Instead of destruction. ��� .Increase, of  diebt with tlieni has .been: Increase of  'assets. : These' people .'uridiersttwria, too,  what It means to have the public highways operated by public .poilcy instead  of ifor .private '.profit,., and 'they Uno-a,  wliat.it"mean's to be. free .from.'tbe railroad millionaire, the hlgliwaymon who  levy toil under private ownership on  eveiT man's.property, and...possess in  the rebato-inaklng ���powers a more, tihan  l-cyal pi-ei'ogath-e:'to'eirca'te favorites  of fortune."   We must, however, huirj  .." '���?   ������-������ ���     ��� ���, '������������ .      ������������.' -'��� -.  ��� -...-- ��� ���,���:.  cm,,'and.come, to.:, :���. yx,,.y.;yy:-,;-y--.-������:������  Ki:   ���..",'��� ���'���'  ' ' ': -'     ���'���' ���'"   '������''������. '.���  '..'"���:.������'The Land Question,���;;;';.;":  us'tills is of importance to British Columbians,seeing our governments have,  given away, to monopolists all the; land  we possess.,.,It -will be interesting to  note how' the. people1 of New Zealand  grappled , with the. land .monopoly,  which had gi*own.;.uip under itlie 'patron-,  age of .foolish' legislators.'-' T need:not  go over how land; .."monopoly-.'. caine.  Their story Is our.story, and. our story  is.-'their. story. The difference .between-  the people of New Zealand and "our-.  sel'ves.is they came to the decision  tliait. land, monopoly was wrong, and  they called '.in. tihel r wisest men, their  ablest statesmen, to help .tlieni, to do  awa>' with It In the most con?titutional  wiiy'Possible.. We 'kriow..-we h-uve uhfls  awftiicuiise wlth.us Hiiiioii tis, but we  have not yet tliesti-eiigtlibi the courage to deal wltlv It"." LcJt us see how  'New*ZeaPa!Hl did itlie ;trick.:. Mr. rial-'  lance, announced that the way, to deai  with tlio liionster Aviis by, the 'taxatiov  of land and! iiicoiiies. and he made both  of.'.these taxes, iprogressl.ye, ���growing  heavier,; as tiie taxed grew r'icilier. lie  had three reasons .Cor.this: First, revenue; second, lo miilke 'the ilniid owners  pay their, share of the cost of govern';  ment, and of public wortis which: had  made: them nieh; and,. tlilrdi to, break  up monopolies. Of course this raised  lyXiyXiyyAJGrfiait^Big__Howl.^ x'":LlL1  one nobly born, and nobly endowed,  to lead a free people Into those paths  which are pleasantness and peace.  A flUfbor Representative  iln the Now Zealand house thus put his  sentiments on record. The new legislation ���was notice to capital for the  first time in Its history ithat1 it is no  longer an autocrat. He defended the  legislation on the ground; that those  who have great wealth shaM bear a far  greater proportion of -the iburden of  taxation than they iliave .hitherto  borne. Capitalists will have to realise  that if they fall to .recognilse their responsibilities and obligations to their  fellow men, tlie state will take cai-e,  by -a. progressive method of.'.taxation,  to malke them do so. He declaired himself' willing to ho'vethe process called  confiscation, bursting up, anything, so  long, as tiie result was aohieved, that  the land should ibe divided among the  people. In .spite of all the thrieats of  the capitalists and land owners, the  legislation became law, and tihat was  how, the 'people ot .New Zealand settled  ���their land question, and how they;made  their rloh contribute, their f air,, share  of taxation by a progressive tax, ana  from that day to this the connection  has grown stronger and stronger as  to the wisdom of .what ���was done. We  in B. C are; :'y. i  ::���- Still in the Sloughi ; '["���''���'���'"'  Our political ship 'is,-. a disgrace-to a  Cree 'people.'' We are down Ho a  scramble for office. When, when; 'will  the time conic, when the leader of the  people 'will, -come .forth, and wlien he  will by his sagacity.and strength lead  us out of our serfage. iMeth'.nks��� tiiie  time lis ripe, for ���'���some;'"'mart- to'..say of  our inongrel 'band to-day," get you  E*one.. and give - place' to .l>etter . and  more iiOble-niilnded, '��� men. ."What ' we  'want is legislation;;; li'ke this:.which  'New. Zealand has ipasscd..;The-time is  past for.s squabbling. Let the; people  now assume tlie 'power, they h.aivg,. and  let , them ut tho emiiest opportunity  choose nien who will.'ima'lco .iihelrjlnter-  ests'theiriiirstaiid "only-concern."'There'  are a,great many more things in this  boo'k' wWeli I,should liave liked:'to:no:-  ..tice. biit. enoiigh fhas been noted.7,1  hope, to induce many-of. my. .readers  to get the ibook and read, if for thom-  selves.; No liian.will ever regret., the  price''paid or tlie" time spent i" reading it. ; It is the most refreshing book  that I ihave read for many"a-day. ".77  LABORDAY 1 HONOLULU.  Horiotatu, H. I., Sept. 3.���-Beheatih a  clear blue   tropical   sky, with gentle  zephyrs  cooling  the" sun's  rays  and  causing the ipalm and Ibanana trees to  nod as If In Joy andi In unison with  thte feelings  of  the  haippy    working  people, who came pouring   out from  their homes, decked in their best.   Native ladles in their  quaint mother ; hub-  bard dresses, Portugese In their many  ccllored head; shawls, Japanese in up-  to-date costumes, Chinese as per their  ancient oustoma in .nath-e dress, and  smart cliic American maids' and dames  ���and why. do ull'these people of many  nations  turn out so  numerously. this  glorious inor.n?  'And I answer,  to  do  honor to the rulers of, tihe world,  the  'maters of cities, the moulders of the  mighty will and voice of the people,  the honest, horny;handed sons of toil  who this day turn but 'to Oionoi- the  glorious cause of 'labor���for it is Labor Day.   And  right royally did  they  turn out, 'andi the western-world, need  not.feel ashamed to talke off their bats  to these bnaive, bard-working men who  labor beneath the .fierce rays of a tropical sun,  end surrounded  by  hordes  of Asiatla 'nveciianics,: wiho, 'like a.gigantic dev.ll fish, are throwing out their  many blood-sucking arms and menacing, tiie .white, laborer' In. .-this sunny  land.   Audi when; I tell you: that this  first Laiboir Day parade in  the .twentieth   century ��� turned   out a, splendid  success "you will rejoice with me, ���'especially when I 'inform you. tlia.t.;ma,ny  well-known: ex-Vanpouverites - .figured  prominently.      Many  of. your  readers  will  remember. Oarpenter  Thomas 'li..  Jtae, wlio was the chief, marshal "of the  day as weil as being the secretary.  7 7     .The Various Unions   ,    V:.  The capitalists grew furious, and mad<v  all "sorts,,of Uireats, 'pattloularly that  tbey would iea.ve the country. One  learns here the advantage of hajviiig  brave, "courageous ineii In power. The  premier, who was a man of tlie .people,  and strong because J1'1? felt that he  was domg,theirlKht.'thlng ifor his country,' stood nip and'.manfully.: declared  that tlio; graduation' of ��� the tuxes Is  to check monopoly. He did not (.brink  from raising, the'vIssue between the_  deli and the poor. It Is for the people  to say whetherthoiiuidvtwit of which  all must live, shii'li be widely distributed, or wiiiether It shall be held: by a  privileged number. I care little for the  mere capitalist, care not if dozensot  large landowners leave the country.  For the 'prosperity of the Colony does  riot'depend on this class, it depends  upon ourselves, upon the rise ot our  industries, and upon our immnlcets being  secured in,, other countries, and not  upon any such Iflctltlous thing-, iu  wihether th<* huge capitalists leinain  or leave the colony. They are merely  accidents of the situation. They are  often exciesences which afflict our industries. These were great woi'ds, and  deserve the widest PulVHolty, and  stamps the man who uttered them as  , THE'BARBERS. " *.  : Barbers' union. .No. I'-'O. held' its regular meeting on ���.Wednesday night.:  President Isaacs presided,, .and there,  wns''a fair attendance.-'"The. m'inutes  of the previous meeting'Were read and  approved. A communication .from San  Francisco union stating, that it had  agreed to contribute , $50.0 a ".month'.'to  the strikers on the waterfront in that,  city, ibesldies1 there /were spine 100 mem-'  b'ers /out' of .work .who must be pro-  Milled for ,,; wa"3;; received. The local -uii'ion decidedto lendi Its',support  financlally7 The cbininuni.oation of the  International Association 7of Allied  Metal Mechanics or Toledo, .'Ohio,: re  the strike .was filed. It was decided to  put;'tlie, .proposed ,new7 schedule :qf  wages iinto effect "on, OcWber 15th. The  resignation of J. B. McCaliumos delegate, to t'he T. '& L. council was accepted and Gy Isaacs ���appointed to'fill the  vacancy. The matter of the second annual bail was -brought -up. Delegate  ;Isllncs-will=IeaVe'^^f7Wedriesday=;rto,  attend the convention of the International hotly, which is to be held at  Saginaw, 'Mich., Oct:- 1st. ...''y \.  .   PROGUESSIV1*} PAINTBBS. ���>-.  Last Trui'sday's; meeting of the  Painter's union was a record one.  There -was a large .attendance of mincers and members nnd three candidates  "or, men.bor.shlp were initiated. The  secretary was also' In receipt of a  check -Tor $100. disability ..benefit--for  Hugh Thomas, who Is suiTerlng froiii  locomotor ataxia. A subscription has  also been taken up and he will go to  Ihe.Hllisiinltarliiiii, New York, where  Ihis connpiulnt Is made a .specialty..  This Is one of the unions that is making .a thorough success of unionism.  The member's, turn out regularly and  the lilnnnces are iln a healthy condition.  By next spring the iboys expect that  thoy will 'be in n pretty good position  to have some say ns to what they will  work fot  The Longshoiemeu's union at Victoria have declared a stilke for 40  cents an hour. "���  Blue Ribbon Ten ia packed in Vancouvor by whiti men���aro you drinking it ?  'met and .. .foi'.nieil'. upon the. drill  grounds, where, "prior to. their starting,  General Breokenridge, of the U."S.iA.l  Inspected two native.companies of the  -.���national;-��uarfl.'7Arid.-'wfliat w-;tb the  many, colored .garnVents of the unionists, the. u-ni forms ofthe; regular: and  volunteer ������ soldiers, the Varied colored  dresses of the 'ladies, .waving flags and  ���banners, decorated-' .floats., overtopped  by the feathery arms of the towering  cocoa.ii'Ut,.;'Wie -broad, andi soft green,  lemves of the banana and. other palms,  and the gorgeous flowered trees, made  a..picture illt'to arouse the muse of the  ...poet aiid' fire the anabltipn 61 the artist. At last they get under way and  passed In' revjew' before the receiving1  ���party,, consisting of Governor Dole.  Col. J.' H. iSopei'Oadjut'a.nt-genei'al and  chief 'of the governor's ..'staff), Col. ;.T.  XViy.Tones -(commanding the nntiontil  guard of:Hawaii), Major J. M. Camii-.  i-a7 Caipt. A. 'G.;; I_awes;Capt7 L.' T.  iveliaike.'General'. Breckenridge;(InJiieb-  tbr, general of, the U^S.JyVriiiy),.'Major  ���KobinsO'ti, Commaiider Poiid (of the  ba'tt'leahlip I'Voquois);- Mrs. *S..B..,Dole.  Mi-s. Robinson, Miss Adams and' others.  ".'.-.���;      The 'Para.de' ;.'  passed in the followlng.order:. .Mounted pliceoineii.. some_ in blue .and some  In  Tchaild   unlfcnns; v-'Grand''"*' Marshal  Matthew  Hoffern."\vllio,  by the :Way.  -'.'.-���.  looiked  very, handsome audi Imposing,  mounted ���on a black charger and 'dress-'  ed in blaek'with a white silk sashand  large .-white'-ostrich feather decorating  his hat; then ca;me the territorial band,  -\vhIch=is=oneiofctheifinestJlKuids__tiha_L  been my pleasure to 'hear,' followed by  Chief'-Marshal. Thomas 'M.   Rae  and  his oiides,''Michael 'Purcell, Alexander  Morrison, M. Paton, John Dawson and  3. N. Henry; carnfases con.tn1hing the  oratore of the day, chief of whom I  might mention -was T. McCants Stewart, a colored gentleman, but a clever  oiWtoricnl  speaker and  well-respected  heie; thirty members of the Plumbers'  union, dressed lii white suits and carrying Japanese sunshades:;twenty-five  members - of the    Electrical -,-workers,-  cnri'.Mlng brass wands, surmounted by  colored electric globes, the nioiv being  dressed In white with rosettes of red,  wiilte and blue upon their breasts, and  tbey also had'.'a. handsome float and  banner; the Carpenters' .union mustered 10 men In White shirts, khaki pants  and straw hats; tbe Bricklayers' union  had 03'imen to show, andi a husky lot  they  looked   In  yellow   shirts,  .white  overtoils and caps, among whom I noticed  one  e>-peclall_,    llnimon     who  walked w ith the true stride of a Vancouver alderman, ai though he owned  considerable of the town; twohe m��n  answered to the call of the Pkisteicis'  union, who lookedi pretty, diessed  in  white a,nd weairlng blue sashes,  and  every man looked a lady 'killer; then |  came the Painters'   and    Decorators'  union, consisting of 30 men or more,  mostly  native  Hawallans   (I suppose  being" born In a land: of flowers and  sunshine accounts for their artistic Instincts), and haivlng a float representing a 'house   undergoing   'renovation,  men ibusily showing their handicraft  upon swing stages;   Catholic mission  band7 rendering sweet music;' the Sailors' union piped up 64 strong, and ( a  Jolly looking' lot they-were In beautiful  sailor costumes, so spic.and span one  could almost fancy he Was .enjoying a  scene from .pinafore,,   and 6 they, had  with them a .full 'figged ship, about 20  feet long,  correct in detail and well  gotten -up,  and though "they did' not  clapture first prize,  they deserved It���  at least >so 1s my humble opinion; the  Moulders' union oast; up some 30 men,  dressed In white suits and blackcaps,  tihelr float representing    a   moulding  shop  with workable iflres  and  crews;  the Bollermialkers' and Iron iShipbuilcl-  ers of America tuirned out strong, and  had over 100  Inline, also'two    large  floats carrying4ai'ge boilers Xvlth-men  and 'boys busily riveting, and captured  first .prize; the Honolulu Brewing an*  Malting  Company nrade a good   turn  out  with   a siplendid .float  and  many  rigs; Messrs;.Lowers & Brooke, one of  the largest .firms here* .following with  over twenty wagons loaded with .all  kinds of material,:preceded, by a banner with the trite,Saying,  "What "We  Don't Carry Is -Not Worth Handling;"  there were several industrial and com-  liierdai floats, but not what one would  haive exjpected, probatoly owing to the  strike .In  San    Francisco    causing a  dearth *nmaterials.   Perhaps the merchants did not feel like depleting their  fast diminishing stocks.   In the afternoon everybody repaired    ^  .-To Kapiolani Piirk,-  whei-e they enjoyed themselves to lhelr  'heart's content, tlhe sports being varied end. ��� good audi nsflebted..''. "great  credit upon the Sports .Committee. The  Painters ibeiat the Sailors 'at o.';tiig-of-  war, iiindioneof, the sailors''was; heard'  to .remark that he guessed the bloom-  In'j.painters���I believe.he. sald:dau:b-  ers���eat white lead, and who could pull  'against such a weight >as that?'���:Aftor  ii, glorious day, enjoyed 'anil orderly,  the 'labor unions'iflnbiliedtheir twentieth century., celebration with a.... "'���-  yiy :. 7 ���-.. Grand-;Bali '7 J,  where Honolulu's brave and faiir 'Jaiic-  ed;7uiitiil the sun all-resplendent, -with  rosette smile, .peeped In.at the: windows, bidding tliem good morning with  the ibirth of .aiiothoi- day,, wihen man  must go forth to his labor .again for  'the'.saike. of his manhood, and loved  ohes:",'.-'"',:-. 77 -' -7-7 SNAP shot/-;  Of wicked men, the low estate :    * ,  Of'hliii tihat help demands.  7 Early .In the morning the territorial  band stationed itself In front of her  majesty's dwelling and- played  sweet  music.   This band _s composed chiefly ;;  of natives, who iplayed ,. parts ;fromi  Caylalleria  Rusticana,:   'Carmen,:  The :.  Holy Oity, and many native aire,,both  -  pretty and plaintive, finishing with the? ;  Star Spto-ngled Banner.   (And there she  sat .wltlhln ifive feet of the musIcHans,13 -.'  while, her toce, lights up with j joy.; a3}7  she listens to .her native airs.   The na-77  tl'vles  are  passdoniafely  fondi of  music">;           . ���������..���.������..-'.,        ...^������.';    ���.  and (iflowers.   The beautiful    grounds -l  were - mainly faken :Up'7..witih.;a , large'7  tent artistically draped w'ith Haavallah ;,  flags���'a flag still dear to the.natives.;y-  The fl'ag is a. pretty one; consisting^ol! 7  thfe British ' Jacfc; In; the corner upoii .  a 'white blue and redi-baiired;flield?���The-:.-:  Queen gave three .receptions    during ;.;  the   day. .The ; term   Is ;:.''luau,'��� ���' pro-:: X-i  noun'ced "'lew-.h'ow," 'hot sounding the'  ,"h," .meaning mative feast. .How*! wlsK",: ,-  I lhad t'ime to describe>a "luau" to The* '  Independent readers as it should' be de-. V.  scribed.   'The viands  are spread.,aipotv':,  the ground; .upon grass .mats, and the;;,::  ���people Hay; or: recline, in the. easiest po-7.-;  Sitions obtainable/   The ohlef, dash ;lsyx  always   "poi,"   always .eaten  byi.waiy 'X.  tlves with the 'fingers.   It lis much: like;...  corn sta.rch and in this instance was  servecj iln cocoanut bowls.  ; Roast pig; ,7.  cooked in the ground, alii kinds of.na-   ';)���  five flsh baked  in  tcfa'-jeavesalsb'' in ,i.  the ground.   The tables or grass mats; .".  rather Were  loaded    down " witli  al!77  kinds of fruits amd drintks..'. Native:Iai- 7.7  dies,.waited'.upon the guests aridi vied 77  one with the other,In.pas'ing attention.,- J  to tliem.   Tilie qiieenstit at;One end of ;"',  Clsetentivlth Prince David Kawnrian-   ;  akoauipoii her right, with Judge Little.777  of iHilo,  upon her left, other hoiipred7;7:  guests surrounding.  This ito'cte placelatify  about!) a. m.   Prom 12 7o 2 ip. -m.^she'^;:  gave-another  "luau": to  the  generalJ;;f7  pitblic and 'in* tihe evening pneitqna- :::'-.,::  tive, Haiwalians.:. During  the,, mbrning .",/";  Ca>pt_vin: Nivhbra;Hipa,*'With*bis;:cbhi-7;7:.  pa-ny  of; tfative ;jvoIunteera,7 drew' :up;7 7  before the , queen's; home and, gave ;"a-77.  royaisalute. :  :;. .7. .������-',;7:7:77-7  ,7Honolulu,' ;H.-:i.,7 Sept. .3.���How: are  tlhe, mighty    f alien ?."Suoli;.;7vere "my  thoughts ms I waiidered1-up,the.^beautiful avenue of palms where sat a. fall-,'  en queen, yet beloved: and"enthron-jd  in the; .hearts of her ow'-n .peopIe,'7ip\v  loyal' to the glorious flag- that..protects'  theriii;-. .'rhougih - s.tW'l  to. them  slhe ���ije-"  mains',their queen.: September 2,: 100X,  .was the 63rd r.iiiiiversai'y. of .theX-bilrth  of -ex-Queen. Jjiliuokalani.  ;; It: was  'a  biiigilitand glorious day and nature.assisted  thousands of  her once; .beloved  subjects In doing, homage and 'shoWer-  Ing].congratulations; with good '..wishes  and many, happy returns .of,tihe; day.  ;My.: heart beat with  sympathy  as; I  Hvat'ched'an  aged    native    Hawaiian;  WelSKiriiira^^inra^^  high silk hat belonging tothe'fashions  of a past; decade,..'telling.some.-of. his  native friends -how-lie remembered his  queen    In   ail   her  glory,; with tears  coursing down  his furrowed1 ; cheeks.  And there she slat, dressed  plainly in  a gown of a. soft pink 'material,with  a lei of green leaves hanging around  her neel_. truly majestic, bearing well  the crowning years of her;:'Ufe,  well  preserved, appearing happy, yet with  a .pensive far-away look   ns    though  iiied'ltnting   upoiio'what   might    have  been,   no  doubt; with" sorrow7 for  the  ninny, uiithinkiiig'nilstnkes she  made,  etiger" nnd  anxious  to once  more  see  tier- one-time  subjects  and   now   beloved . friends again    enjoying- .them-  seilves'"'witti her.    Noble    Indeed    the  thought and glorious the comfort  to  the queenly; womam, who  forgets  her,  rank and to everyone bids welcome to  eat ot .her salt land smoke the pipe of  pence    Arid with the poet-'Milton her  thoughts seenid to ipe.ik'  Recjaul the weak mid fatherless,  Dispatch the poor man's cause,  And uaiise the nnan In deep distiess-  By ju^t andi equal law s  Defend the .poor and desolate,  (And rescue from the hiands  ;-.' ; VSIGNAL"  SNAPSHOTS07 X:-XI  ..The en'amej of place arid power ofteii ;,  covers a '.very cominon-placemaiii, ,'    :,7  jMoi-e nien are.iri the. .poKUcai. front ."  rank   by: chicanery  'tbairi. because of;  laib'Uity.-':.     -7'7;V ���:..: yp.yyi: 'yXXXyXiyy  When, you hear t'hej'polilticdan; prate-   ;,  about patriotism  it's a sure sigh of7  danger." '. 'l.i'X'-'-'i[X:i'\.i ily'i'i::' ii.ixi.'yX,:  There (is more mud .than m'ailble ;in7';  the   comip'osition 7 of .many   of tlie; so- '.:;  eaS'led front rank'politiciuns.- ���";  ,:; Governmenus :are not infallible, ,ainl'���'���������'.'.  e-a'b'inet ministers ''are..so'me.l;hiies.imade77  of very;common clay. '77"7.'7-  Vih:polltllcs ..expediency   .may. prevail*:.  Xoi'iattme, but ordinary conun'onplaco: . 7,  bonesty'wins in.ihe.long tuii.:'-7 77777:  .. .The true -ptu-ty niani- should..not.,only, 7.:''  stand by. Ihis .party when 'it' lis  light,';77  but Hie should denounce It wheri:|t;:ls* J:  'wrong.,:  " ;- -xiyi^Xixy^-;'���;"..��� ':'-"7.:7'77:''7-7?  ; 'Parties are": not:.kept -' together:^ byj7  ch'leainerj*��� and geriei'al icussedriess,-"-.but;;7  by^honoralble, leaders and.'.'an !lioriest. 7  ���rank..iarid. file/ ;:."; 77*.7-7'7'7777"''777 :.7;::  7. A man .who. is in .poTitiics for; what.77'  there Is iin It, has iio right to'lftfid fault :;7  with a Ibank ������.yrea'ker or even w-itii; the;;-.;  gentle 'burglar.'': -.'���" ��� y. .7:7:77':1!';-777,'7.7  ���7 K .is too bad tlhitt;.so ninny; of7the;7;7  ..pn.'r|:i!mfi'-)nriln>''i::piyi��vil7ii.ndpr--^h(>^  'wihen ��� the actions of- public nien should; Xiii  'be ;d'lsou'ssedV      ' *" 7;     Xiyylyy, >:....-.���:,.  7 lit Is possible to iii'ake ia."sta'tesmari"  ;v  out of ��. very/.ordinary man,: but wliea.:��� -  -that sort of'"statesman" ifinds h'ls level'.:;  It, .will; be with ivei-y ordinary, men.;   ''[,  : Some prominent  politicians .. get.in-.;..,  power because, they haive .ability, oth-7; ;7  ers because they ,lh'n:ye gaitl7others:be77 7  oause they have .money,' and: a, Iairge7'.'::;  number .because-; tlhe,; electorate -,'iaire y  tools. ' ������;��� ' ���',.���";'.-;.; ' ���       ������'-...'���'-.' ���'-: :  >',';' TRADES CONGRESS.". .  iRalph Smith hasi been re-elected  .presldeni of the Trades and Laboi:  Congress of Canada at Brantfoi-d. J.  H. Watson was chosen as the vice-  president for British Columbia, and T.  H. Twlgg, J. A. Dunbar and C. j.  Clayton the executive for the proylrice.  ��� ' The^ AVinnipeg .LeiborsParty,:!was;re-7  fused representation at;the Congress.;;':  - The 'Usual  resolution .for .a'4500 tax.;  on Chinese entenng Canada was passed. -'777-:.:7  Pay up your subssrlptlon to the'In-:;  dependent, dt does not cost jouvmuch������':  and you should not hesitate about gly-,..:  Ing your support readily to a labor pa-;::,  per. 7:-'77;t7  -    0.  XJiXXyXyXX-Hiiify.  - .j    v   H*?yy-i-::%A^ .���hm-j*-!'   -t-ytrr-  THIS INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 21, 1991  m  \'i:  It  ;-��  IK'!  THE INDEPENDENT.  3D0. BARTLEY  Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   li*    THE   INTEREST   OF   OUGANISEU   LABOK  BY  Tills INDEPENDENT PIUNTING COM-  PANY.  AT   312    HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER.   B.   C.  to accumulate a fund, to light the recent house of lords picketing decision  "and other legal wrongs." It appears  from the despatch that the intention is  to attempt a further light In the  courts. .,  Si'BSCRIPTlONS  IN  ADVANCE.  ,\ week, 6 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, a; cents; six months, C5 cents;  one year, $1.25.    ���  ENDORSED HY THE TRADES AND  LAI-tOlt COUNCIL, THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND TIIE  BUILDING   TRADES COUNCIL.  .SATURDAY...^.SEPTEMBER 21, 1(101  MONGREL POLITICS.  The bye-eleetion at New Westminster on 'Wednesday resulted In the defeat of;the new Provincial Secretary,  Hon. .T. C. Urown, anil the vindication  ot the action of Hon. Mr. iMcBiido in  resigning from the Dunsmulr ministry,  ilr. Brown has 'been a useful member  of the house and stood high in the estimation of the people, anil therefore  the voters of the Royal City, as a matter of fact, did not vote against their  old stand-by as their representative,  but against the Dunsmuir aggregation  at Victoria. There,will at least be two  more   bye-elections,   and  in  all   prob-  ���'. Ability three���one for a 'provincial secretary, another' for a minister of mines,  and the,third to (fill the .vacant, seat  at Victoria, where 'it has been decided  ; to .place an Independent labor candidate in the 'field. Mr. John Houston.  M. Pi P. for Nelson, is spoken of as  ���the,, new minister'of 'mines, and Hon.  . Miv Brown i.s likely to be .persuaded to  contest the vacancy 'at Victoria- as  .provincial secretary.    The dally press,  .-.' -with the exception of the News-Advertiser,   which  holds  that    it   is  not  > necessary, is already out with advice  to the ..ilieutenaiu-governor to dismiss  the-government and call a, new: one.  Ex-Lieu tenant-Governor 'Mcinnes took  this advice and lost his governorship  ifor it. The fact is tlie way matters  stand politically at. present there remain 'nothing but mongrel pollticsand  politicians, audi even .were . Dunsiiuiir  and bis colleagues removed from olllce  .now. their successors would be in a no  '"'better position, so far as having the  confidence of the' ipcople is concerneJ.  There  are  so..many   factions  and  so  7��iiaiiy ofllee seekers tha te the disappointed ones will be sure"to join hands  ''to,down their more successful opponents who may happen to.get Into power. The only, member of the house with  " a clean cut policy, .and it does not go  : quite far enough in:some respects, is  the Hon. Smith Curtis, 'and it was his  speeches during the short, eampalgri"  at   New   Westminster    thai   brought  ' about the defeat of the Hon. air.  Broivn. Cannot the working class rise  to the occasion, call a convention and  ���formally organize a party with a. iplat-  tCorm of set .principles and place men  of their own class in power iwhen, the  ,'.-.... .....    r    .       ..  .     .:  general election is brought on, which is  ���bound to be held shortly. Thej immediate necessary plank should be one for  redistribution. ,  Employees of the kind who havo frequent trouble with their employees,  never fail to tell the public that they  will'not permit tholr workmen to conduct their luirlness or say how it must  lie conducted. Ami some people actually believe that labor unions attempt to do this. Now, the fact Is, no  man living can toil of a single Instance  where a labor union has made such un  attempt, and we ought to bear no more  such  misleading claims of employers.  It Is estimated' thnt not loss than  GSO.OOO words, or fiOO columns of newspaper matter, were sent out of Buffalo  by the telegraph ...companies. Friday  afternoon a week ago, tlie,day of the  attempted assassination of .President  MoKinley. It" one newspaper bad received all the specials sent out Jt  would have had about eighty solid  pages of matter concerning tlie president, exclusive of illustrations and  headlines.  The Le Roi Mining company, limited,  issued and served a writ Tuesday,  claiming .$..0,000 damages and an. injunction against the Rossland1 'Miners'  union and a host of other defendants  upon the lines claimed in the suit, commenced by the Rossland Great Western mines last week against practically the same defendants. The Centre  Star Mining company, 'limited, claims  unstated damages against the Rossland Miners' union and some twenty  other defendants." Including the Rossland Co-Operative association. The  ���writ also -asks thait the strike be declared Illegal and a declaration to that  effect.  The career of President 'McKlnley Is  now a matter of history. He was the  third president who was murdered because of the exalted, olllce In which ho  was placed.by the people of bis country. Assassins have accomplished  their .fiendish deeds at: Intervals ever  since civilization ibegnh. But in Anier-;  lea. so far as politics go, the people are  free to place in office whom they dhoose  and the diabolical relic of the dark  ages .must be: swept away. No man  ever held -high office who provoked  fewer enmities or had such, a "multitude  of friends. His .personal1 integrity and  the purity of ills political and private  life made his political .-career one typical of the best. of, American, public  nien.: As -a citizen the late William  McKlnley was a, man Whose living  made the world better, and his demise  was a national loss.  Fortunately for the taxpayers,  royalty doesn't ipass this way .very often.  ��� "'And they took off Joseph's coat of  many colors that was on hitm"���Vide  Genesis.  A man is not necesarily a lobster because he occasionally seems somewhat  crabbed.  , Czolgosz, the anarchist, seems to  feed ibetter in jail than many a decent  man does outside.  An Ottawa ipoet wants the mayor  to read un effusion '553 stanzas long  to the Duke of Yorik.  Women who object to real swearing  ���make strangely oblique alflrniatlorts  .'sometimes themselves.,  It Is reported that all.the lumber  mills In British Columbia have been  purchased by an eastern syndicate.   '  !A banker's son .has been discovered  idigglng graves in New York, and many  other -Chaps are quietly working at the  same business for their own exclusive  benefit. .���������'.'  . "Kissing is a cure forfrecMes," says  ah/exchange.   All right; ibiilng on your  freckled, girls.-  The sporting editor is  '.'always wiiiing to sacrifice himself in  a good cause.  ���;-, .It'is reported that the.: British trade  union, congress at .Swansea has voted  .   AMERICAN ASSASSINS.  iPour assassins Who have laid low  public men are American born, a fact  which is now more than Interesting.  .lohn ��� AVI Ikes Booth, the actor who  assassinated': President Lincoln. April  M,.1865,, at 'Ford's theatre, Washington, was born at Baltimore, iMd. He  was the son oC Junius Brutus, the  great English actor, and a. brother of  Edwin Booth, America's greatest tragedian. :     ' .'..'  Charles Julius Guiteau, who shot  President Garfield, July."2, 1SS1, was  born at Preeport, ail.. Sept. S, lS'I. He  practiced law In Chicago and published  several books on religion. -    '. _  Patrick Eugene Pendergrast, who assassinated Carter H. Harrison, si'., the  world's fair mayor of Chicago, Jn 1803,  was born in Chicago of Irish parentage. He was a newslioy and had grown  ���up selling papers.  Leon Czolgosz, who shot President  .McKlnley, at Buffalo on Sept. C, 1001,  was born In Detroit, iMIch., 2S years  ago, and was educated ln the public  sdhools^theix;.���      ~"~"~~"      ~"     "~ "^^  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  The Voice Wants the Prize.  One afternoon some weeks ago we  were conversing with a well .informed  intelligent partlz.ui of one of the old  panties (lt matters nothing wliinh) and  the talk drifted to what we may call  the Andrews problem. We asked him  to indicate on ithe political map the  height of land or boundary that ill-  I'.dod Iho two camps; .how a man could  enthuse over one party and denounce  or seem to denounce tho other; we in-  dliMted tlie main branches of political  activity, ami reminded him that the  bonus and friinehixs-mongcr together  with the pi-otiu'tionlst could like the  .perplexed swain, be happy with either  were ��� the other dear charmer awlay.  Our friend smiled pityingly, and said:  You don't understand; mil you say is  not In dispute, but I'll tell you the real  difference between us, it Is thla;  "We are honest in our professions  and the other fellows are all damned  rogues."���AVinnipeg A'oioe.  It Makes No Difference.  Tlie   Colonist,   of  Victoria,    quoting  tbe Leader of Lndysmlth, B. C, is Mike  {Hitting what Is taken out of one pocket   into  another.���Nanalmo  Herald.  ..  Bad For Brown.  On Monday evening at New AVest-  minister 'Mr: iMaxwell kindly assisted1  Hon. Mr. Brown's candidature by declaring the Dunsmuir government the  worst he bad ever 'known. Possibly  Mr. Brown now .wishes air. Maxwell  bad stayed away.���Nanaimo Herald1.  Becoming Enlightened.  The Colonist has departed from the  old ways al thou g*li still with backward  glances, and any dny may be foundi  supiior.tlng.JIr. AV. XV. B. Mcinnes or  advocating extreme socialism. The  compass Urns been deflected by extraordinary forces and the amazed observers wonder where it Willi point  next.���Nanaimo  Herald.  A rich and beautiful showing of the  latest Dress Fabrics for Fall. 1001.  Every wantable kind, of material Is  Included In this showing of ours. AVe  devoted considerable time to the picking of these goods,which fashion has  decreed as correct. The result Is seen  in the unapproachable assortment,  from which .we mention a few of the  weaves we have ln the latest designs  and shades.  y.EBOLlNE,  A*ENETIANS,  illOMESPUNS, CHEVIOTS,  ISUlTING'S, BROADCLOTHS,  'FRENCH FLANNELS, Etc., Etc.  AAre ask you to call and see them.  AA'e iknow the price will do the rest.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  AVe reach wherever the mails reach.  SOME 'LEG'Aa-,  DECISIONS.  The supreme court of 'Illinois held,  in the case of Gillespie vs. The People,  that a statute making It unlawful tb  prevent or attempt to prevent employees from becoming members of labor  unions was unconstitutional as Interfering with the right ot persons to  make contracts.  The supreme court of Minnesota'held,  In the case of Fisher 'Vs. AVInemnn,  that a Judgment which assumed to  create a preference In favor of a labor  debt oyer u .pre-existing Hen on the  debtor's property, was 'void.  A (FINE OF *550 INFLICTED .  The findings or Police 'Magistrate  Boultl.ee on Tuesday at Rossland on  the two Informations laid against Al  Gelser, the Oregon contractor, for violation of the alien labor act, has made  it quite clear that he cannot break  Canadian' laws witli Impunity. The  ���magistrate finds Gelser guilty In both  instances and imposes a 'fine of $500  in one and $.73 in the otlier case., A  week is given 'Within. 'Which to pay.  the amount and in default the accused  is to be Imprisoned for three months.  No Boasting.  The experience of the United States  should teach us Canadians not to be  self-righteous, orto boast of our political freedom. Bather let It be understood that this country shall not be  made a rendezvous or hiding place for  men ,who are .bad citiens of other  lands.���St. John Sun. ,,. :  This Sound's Like.Old; Times.  ��� Where does the <. capitalist ^commence and the wotlkingman leaive off?  The Laibor (platform seems to"r dlredt  itself , against every, man who has  paved a dollar. It does not differentiate 'between the millionaire and the  small tradesman or 'm'ecHianic iwho has  solvodi something, and invested lit. It  condemns outright the process by  which "tlh.roug.li rents or Interest, a  man limy take /profits; which ihe" did  'not earn." It Is an appeal for the low,  vicious aind .Improvident. -It. in'oposes  to overthrow the ���whole fabric of our  civilization. It asfcs that there shall  be no distinction between industry anil  idleness, between strength and weakness; between dexterity and clumsiness. It demands a new' order where  Wiere shall ibe no ambition and where  one man cannot, by superior ability  forge ahead of another. 'It proposes  to place humanity upon one dead, sodden, moveless level and remove the  rewards for uncommon7 intelligence,  uncommon Industry Bund uncommon  frugality. And it would go about this  by dispelling those who have saved!  ���Kansas Oity Journal.:. --...'  Is nn small affair. That you hnivv? a.  foi-ce against you Who will adopt any  means to gain their ends. Remember  the blow is not directed at the eight  fishermen altogether; they merely represent figure Iheads in the case. If  they are sacrificed for the benefits of  a few greedy nien, then you can say  you have no more rights to express  your thoughts or show your Independence as free men. In 'conclusion, remember this is not the .fight ot a few  men, but one of all honest men wlho  believe in the .policy'1 of "live and. let  live," against a few'.'wlho think that  the white working population are no  better than cattle so long ns they can  fill their pockets with ill-got'teii gold.  Now remember,'shall It be yellow or  white?   Respectfully yours,  '..;���   ANGLO-SAXON.  New Westminster. Sept. 14, 1001.'  ^��  yuifC&kuts f&u-. Cx^ruvdft^Tt^  ��lfJl<<{/  et^ZocCfirUfS -  A'ANCOUA^DR 'MUST NOT BE  OUT-  ' '"DONE.  , An Ottawa despatch says that from  present aippearan'ces Mayor Morris will  attract almost 'as mu'dh, attention ns  His Ttoyai Highness and' lie lylll nip'-  poiir attired In a cooked h'nt, .black  knee breeches, a scarlet robe .trimmed  with otter nnd lln'ed with wlille silk,  low shoes, Mg silver buckles and Waek  stockings." .    -Mayor   Townely  should  get a. .move,.on, orWe won't be in tflio  ���^ ���.     ,     ���   . - ������-  swim.   Bfling a: military miin be should  have his Icnee  breeches 'made of .red  silk,  and wear a yellow jacket aiid a  iieacoek feather.. Chairman Tatlow.^of  the'i>ark commissioners, could' get the  loan of a  feather - from  Park Ranger  Eidon's new peacock.    This would be  ilfllte, representative of local industry,  as well as the smart set. .     ,,.,    ���*'..���  (is the motto'of the' riiansigeinent of the Union  Mutual. To serve all interests impartially.  To treat all parties with consistent candor; To.  issue policies of pronounced liberality. To  make all: death payments with the utmost  promptness.   To be fair in all dealings.  Honest, capable Agents can always hove em-;  ���' ployment with us.  Union Mutual Life Insuranc^Go  '-Yfl  ::  o  <>  o  ���<���  I PORTLAND, MAINE. "     Incorpokatkd 1848. ���  Call or write for particulars and plana "''���������;  Hkad' Ofkick : 419 Hastings St. W., Vancouver, B.C.  "'������';' J.'E. EVANSr Provincial Manager.        ^V  o'  '���<��� ���  '<*'-  <K  <>  ,o.  <>  n-  '<>.'  'O'  ���^���.  me Board ol We  .GRILL JROOM.  HK.imil'AllTKIlS KOlt Al.l. KINIISOF  Giime of nil kinds; Ciam;Clioivder:  Iluefstiilie Piiildings nnd nil short orders ii siieciiilty.  Open day mid night.. Spccliil iitteii-  tion given to banquets mid dinners.  C.TIIOUUKT  ���i Just:Fitty-Tivo. ';  AVe shall learn to-morrow how many  of the people of New Westminster prefer .Mr.' McBride's   interests   to   their  own.���Colonist, Tuesday.  -=-!.nTERS=TO-THE=ED!TOR.^-=  YELLOW OR WHITE?  To tlm Editor of Tun Isdei'e.sdbnt.  Sir,���Hoping you will allow me space  In your paipcr for this 'letter, I Avish  tb ipolnt out to ithe worklntpnen of this  province, and especially on the coast,  a danger which lies ahead of them.  Thait Is, shall a few nien in B. C. be  allowed to lower the white woiflrlnjy  men to tlie standard of living of o, Chinese or Japanese. Now, the test-case  Will soon l>o at hand. It is well Known  that elgdit flsdiermen are confined) in  the provincial Jail here irWnltlns trial  on the 8th of October. It is not nt  these men that the blow will bo struck,  but.n't all .working men of this province. Yes, working men, you go to  trial soon. And then the question will  be fought out: Shall it Ibe yellow: or  Asiatics, or shall lt be white men who  musit liave: ttiQ opportunity to ilye In  this country? Yes, working nien, you  'have the .'battle of your life ahtead of  you. A few men of money,will strike,  at your unions. They intend to try and  crush what few rights you have.left.  'Wtlil.you-ibe men, and on October say:  Working i'men of iBrltlsh Coluimjbia do  your .diuty.  .Andi .remtenfber your duty  SOCIALIST ''CONyiSNTipN.' ,  In accordance with a resolution passed by tlie socialist convention held in  Vancouh'er last year, a call Is herewith  issued for the second annual convention of socialists of British Columbia  to be held In Socialist hall, AVestmlns-:  ter nivenue, Arancouvcr, at 10 a, in. on  Wednesday, Oct.* 2nd. next. All'socialist organizations and! ]' unattached socialists of this province are lnvdted to  be present. Delegates to have .voting  power equal to p.iytng membership  they represent; unattached socialists  to have one vote only. The objects of  this convention: will be to provide for  a more tliorough organization and umi-  foi-mity of action between the socialist societies of British Columbia.  ��� "f-^^^^^ER-NEST-BURNS,���r^'i  ... Pixyvineial Secretary, pro teni.  Arancouver, Sept. 1, 1901. ,,  Drink Red Cross Beer, tlie beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co.', 740 Ponder street.  SUPPORT YOUR PAPER.  Wore" It not for the labor press the  labor movement would hot be -what it  is ito-day, and any man who tries to Injure a labor paper Is a traitor to the  cuuso. If you don't, agree -with" the  the pnipcr, say so in a manly, way,  but Oon't go round throwing Insinuations. Perhaps you are wrong and the  ixiper Is right. If the paper hns made  u, mistake you can depend upon it that  a correction will cheerfully be printed.  Corporations will give ithelr organs loyal  support,  and if  labor    Is    to    be  successful in seourlng justice, labor pa-  ���-��,--  pers must be supported.���American Fe-  deratlonlst. .  PARIS1 GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT: WORM and  other insectsrr-for sale by the McDowell, Atkins, Watson. Company,������'.' The  Diiiffgists, Vancouver.-'',     : 7 -7��7 7  Alexandria Lager  Is a pure; wholesome beverage,  and contains no harmful ingre-  .  ���... dients. .. It  is  highly  rccdni-..'77;  mended asa tonic for -weak iind  7  debilitated people.  Doermg & Marstrand  :7V'--:;-7'*:;TELEPH0NE7-129.7:7*7;i;:'7"'  a. m. irsoN,;  WnOLKSALB AND RETAIL DEAI.BR IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables];'; 7  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  Pare   Ice Cream  40c |ier qt��  MONTREAL BAKERY  WKSTMI.N'STKR AVK.NUE.  o  o  . MARKS A 8PRCIAI.TY OF . .  Dewor's special Uqiieur, also -  ir's Block ion  -LAUGE STOCK OF-  IMl'ORTBD AN'P DOMESTIC  Cigars  R. B: MulliganTfe Go.i Props]  -.-X      COBXEII CORDOVA AND CARRALL.       .  Notices.  NOTICE 18 HEItEDY GIVEN THAT AT TIIE  next regular sitting o( tho Boiird of License  Conimissloiiers for the City of Vnncouvcr I  tiliHll iipplyfor n trnnti.cr of the Hotel l.tcunso  trom=J. OrClarkif0r-the=prcmliios=sltuiit��il on  Lot 40, Block 11. Subdivision of District Lot 511  knowniiHtlieBadminton, ti03 Howe street, ln  the Raid City ol Vancouver. '  (Signed),   ,  ;   ' JOSEPH W. WALLI8. ���  . Vancouver, September 18,1901.  I Mill  From Their Nanalmo, bouthflold and  Protection Island lolllerlca,  Steam, Oas  ^nd  House Coal  01 the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  RunoftheMlne,:;  Vfashed Nut and  :  .'.Screeui.iifcai  '.:' ,"���':' ��� -.. ...i���".,.-.! .*���:'.';:.  SAMUEL M. KOBINS, Superintendent.  '������������ EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS,- Agents,   -i  y_y, I     Vancouver City, B. C.   -: -���������>��� ���:���'���.-...  on  Hotel  :':���-..:; CordovaSt.;)Vest^:;7'-.v:?:.7  Hoadquartcrs for tho engineering trade.':',.  '-yy'-:-y-j - - in Vancouver.   ;:;- ,..-;;.-;.-...,?;'. ,  oHpicEST^rf^'^;'/'1:''''!  liquors and Cigars  _ First-class rooms from 60 cents up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  1  The"  MMKClir  . Having the Only Op-to-Dato Grill Boom  In B. c., which ln Itself is a guarantee  ot a First-class Hotel and RoBtaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  ���1  ��AVOV   THEATRE  8. SIMI'SON....  J.-TOWK8KMD..  .......General Manager.   Stage Managor.  Week Commencing  Monday, Sept. 23.  A Show for the People.  "Quantity and Quality Combined."  Massey - Harris and Steams  AIL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES  KENDALL'S. 3?87Cordoya St  Tho  est place In B.C. to have your     .  : :7��;:7/7 7-BIoyclerepalred. y' X:. "yx'iiyiy  iX'XXyy SATURDAY SEPTEMBER 21, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  Ail ntaben of (be R. C, I. P. A. uo show Ibis card.  Aik lor It whtn maklnt your purchases.  CNDORHCD ay THC A    f. OF L.  ONC'THIIID ACTUAb BIZC.  .COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months namcil un riiil't  lioud cornor nnd whon properly siciied una  stamped with the numbor of the Local. '  /  A large number of Japanese lishernien are ninking their way to the U.  S. through the Immigration ofllee. Tliey  run fls high as 50 in a. day. All have  money. AVihen questioned tliey say  they will woik on the railways in the  States. They will return to 'llsh next  "ycx-i r. however.  T.he .Broom-makers "union is now- putting out over 1,000.000 labels a. month.  Announcement of the acquirement of  the Mexican International IR.'iih'oad by  ���Spcyer & Co. was formally made last  ���week,   o  The foreclosure sale of the Pittsburg  & AVestern Kaihvay will take place  October nth, at noon, In Allegheny, Pa.  The sale is in one parcel, Including all  road nnd properly subject to ?21D,000.  It Is stnted t'hat the lobster of the  north Atlantic const Is so near extinction thnt.Massachusetts has practically  forbidden .its capture, since only adult  ones may be taken under the law nnd  only small ones can ibe found.  At the bimonthly conference held in  Youngstown. Ohio, Tuesday, between  tlhe iron manufacturers antl represen-  .tatives of the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin AA'orkers,  'the wages of puddlers .were advanced  .from $o.__3 per ton to Jj.iiO per ton, and  itinishors were advanced from Go." cents  .jier ton to fi" cents. 'It .is estimated  thut. the .Increase affects about 211,000  workmen, and Is effective, September  .tilth.  (Continued from Last Week.)  THE LAY FIGURE..  The .fifteenth nntlona'l congress of the  ��� social democratic party of Norway  rwas recently held In Christiana, Eighty-three delegates were present, representing forty-three organizations. The  ieport of a .year's wonk showed that  during, that time thirty-eight orgnnto-  -itions���political bodies and. trade unions   had become alllllated with the party,  which now comprises ona hundred and  tflfty alllllated 'bodies. Forty-nine of  tliem, with a membership of 5,703 persons-, are in Chrlstiania and one liyn  dred and .one, with a membership of  fl.llil', are ,iu the provinces���giving  total membership ot 10,921.  pgBexpeaescaea.'^taieA's-.'jyrj^c.'N  Union-mado Cigars.' . . .,   L   . *3tal<>n,<U.uiltCtMa����.IM.��.~.. ..^WJM...  *"'      oorTBioiiTTO fl&Jbt-n.~t,* .j  If CHll.**���.    it.,  i-vilowing Is o. list of-the Union oigar factories In Bnltllsh Columbia wiho  .use ^he blue label:  AV.  Tiotjen,  No.   1���Dlvislbn No. 3S,  .���Vancouver.  Kuntz & Co. No. 2���Division No. 8S.  .Vancouver.  Inland  Oigar    Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Division ^To. 3$, Kamloops.  IB. AViilberg & Co., No. 1���Division No.  . 3S, New- Westminster.  T. Wlox-ytiook, No. 6���Division No. 3S,  ���Vancouver.  Ketownai Shippers' Union Company,  ;No. S���Division No.'3S,-Kelowna.  "Wirlglht Bros, No. 9���Dlvilslon No. 38,  .���Rossland.  *���  Kootenay Oigar Manuiflaoturintj Oom-  ���plajiy, No. 10���Division No. 38, NeSeon.  jrebia & Johnson, No. 2���DMdon No.  37, Victoria.  II. Bimuloy, No. 5���Division No. 37,  ���yiiotorla.  -7~iIaI'and"Olg^"Faotoryrs.'Norrnaji7"No'7  .-6���Division No. 37, Victoria.  (Province Oigar Oo., No. 7���Division  ;.No. 37... Victoria.  A. Sdhnotor & Sons, No. 8���Division  .No. 37, VJCtorta.  P. Oabjo, Nlo. 0���Division No. 37, Na-  , naimo.  J. Lory, JJto. M���DVvlldlon No. 37, \lc-  , toria.  OI. J. Booth, No. M-iDlvtWIon No. 37,  Nanalmo. '  C. G. Bdhnsen���.Division No. 3f, Victoria.  T.  P.  Gold.  Capitol  Cigar  Factory,  ��� No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Harris & Stuart, No. 6���Division No.  .38,  Revelstoke.  J.   Martin,   No.  7���Division  No.  38,  'Sandon. ,  Fhelln & McDonough, No. 12���Division 38, Nelson. ,  ave-  ' UNION BAKERIES  iW. D. Muir, Mount Pleasant.  W  llunay, Prior street.  Montreal Balteiy,  AVestminsler  nue.  <F. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street.  IW  D. Kent, 56 Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street.  IMInchen Co, Ginnvllle street    '  Barnwell Bros, Granville street.  - 'Largen & Tupper, Granville street.  /  By George Du Marnier, Author of "Trilby."  ���'Bear boy," sho cantlnuod, holding  my hand,'"do you remombor mo shaking.my Uiiittiug-iii'odlud nt it yesterday  and onlling it- 'a'horrid tliingf Oh,' I  cannot rust with lt in the IiouroI Goorge,  did you lock your studio door lust  night?".  I tried to romomber but. could not ro-  call whether I had dunn bo' or not���my  head, you hup, was occupied nt that timo  by thinking of I'Uoy Hollls���so I ran  downstairs to sen. Xo. Stnmco to say I  hnd not locked my studio door; in fact,  lt was partly opon! I hurried into the  room, but thoro wns my lay flguro ln  tlio corner, just ns it was yestonloy. I  examined tho ' black velvet rtrapory,  whioh I had carefully pinned and arranged to pnlnt from; it appeared to be  undisturbed. My mothor must havo been  dreaming. Still I could not retain tho  flguro If lt worrlod her, that was dear.  It was vexatious, however, to part with  suoh an acquisition and ho left without  any figure at all far my use; It had been  foolish of mo to sell my old ono; It was  Inconvenient and unpleasant. Yes, tho  flguro must bo font out of the houso, as  16 preyed on my mother's norvcB. But I  need nut sell lt nt presont: I would lend  it about to my artist friends who had  boen so anxious to borrow lt. So I wroto  . a lino telling O'Kolly that I would lend  it to him first, if he would como and  fetch lt. O'Kclly wan of oourso an Irishman; ho had studied beside mo at the  aoademy, and became a friend always  good-nntured und pleasant, but rather  too lively, being pnrtiul tn playing silly  praotlcnl jokef. Ho hnd private property,  and took his profession easily, residing  ln n handfiomo npartiuonts in Harley  street, Cuvendlsh Square I had no doubt  that if I ultimately mailo up my mind  to sell my lay figure I should find a  purchaser in him. He onmo over to Kon-  slneton directly ho received my note,  only too glnd to got tlio loan of It. "You  may as woll leave on tho black' volvot  dress, old follow. I'm painting thn last  days nl Sir Thomas More, nnd lt will do  for Margaret Kopor "  "Vory woll," I said, "only ploneo to  romembor thut I've hired that dress of  Lovi Zerubbubol, and left'n ton-pounds  deposit on   it."  "All right," said O'Kolly. Wo then  rollod tho figure up in u damask curtain  and ho drovo away with lc in a four-  whcolcr with grcut glee.  My poor mother watched tho departure  from her bedroom window; sho thanked  mo most nffeotlonatoly for acceding to  hor requost. Sho liud oertalnly had a  great shook in somo way orothor, though  I could not reconcile her story with aom-  mon senso. At any rate, from that moment sho begun to got hotter, and Jane  was as brisk us a bee,. even asking my  permission to give tlio ^studio a good  clean, which in hor reluctance to outer it  hud not received for somo time. Everybody wns satisfied oxuept myself, who  was loft without anything to pose my  drnpery upon, I oven wlsliod for my old  lay figure bnok again, clumsy though lt  was. Thereby hangs a moral: "Do not  part with a tried frlond who lias grown  old and shabby for an unknown showy  ono."  In tho courso of n few days I rocolved  a nnto from O'Kclly. Hewus painting ln  u vory satisfactory manner, ho said,  from "Madame." as ho culled hor; but  his postorlpt rather puzzled mo; lt run  thus: "Do you think that lay flguro is  all right?"  What on earth did ho mean? It wa.  nolthor broken nor out of condition.  Could it bo Mint there really wus soino-  thing quoor about it? My curiosity did  not allow mo to rest, so I drove nvor to  Harley street to seo about it thut sumo  evening. My friend was nt homo and  smoking his everlasting meerschaum bo-  sldo n splendid lire ln tho spacious drawing-room, whioh ho mado his painting  room. Tho luy flguro, posed in n graceful attitude stood in tho center of the  apartment. O'Kolly was dolightod to soo  mo, bringing out his decanters with  Irish hospitality.  "Your postorlpt nbout thnt figure  brings mo horo, O'Kolly," said I.  "Did lt Burprlso you, old boy? I'm  glad you'vo come, any wuy, the Mn-  dame's pleased herself, bcdudl I beliovo  she's smiling ut yo!" pointing to the  flguro with his pipe.  "Nonsonso, O'KollyI" I said, frowning. "I will net llston to any chaff; I  nmjln onrnost. What- did you moun in  your postsorlpt? Is the figure brokon?"  For reply O'Kolly got up, crossed tho  spaoious room stealthily, oponod tho door  nolsolossly, and pooped out. Seoing tho  const was dear, he returned in the same  mysterious manner to his scat.  "Wall, George,' this Is Just the' gist of  the matter: My landlady, Mrs. Munro,  U a Scotchwoman;Lkrlook~atflhe_BeemB  n plain, mutter-of-faot body enough, but  in reullty. she is as superstitious m tho  old jintloman himself. She is, sure. Unfortunately, she saw me briog Madame  home. She declared lt was a lady, and  alive; of oouree I convinced her to the  contrary, but she's never let me have a  moment's peace slnco. What du you  .think? She will have It"���whispering���  "thnt Madame walks about the bouse of  a night!"  1 cannot oxpresi how ��Btcnl��hed I felt  nt having my mothor's (tatemenf thm  corroborated.  "Yes," continued O'Kolly, "iho lays  ���be hoars Madamo walking about tbli  room, nnd come upatalrs in the small  hours of the morning, aud then descend  again. Once she fancied ln bor sleep  she ;aw her come into her room und  stand at the foot of the bod. Twice ihe  has oponod her door, thinking to ootoh  tho figure us lt pusaoii, She did not soo  anything, but heard thn footsteps going  downstairs, and a horrid, wloked,  ���mothered laugh, as If some one wero  enjoying vher discomfiture She then  hoars this drawing-room door close  Strango, Isn't it��"  "Why do you not look the drawing-  room door of a night?" I nsfeod, remom-  borlng a similar laugh I had heard my-  eolf nt tho hotel in tho Hue do In Palx.  "Thore's nlver nkoy,"repllod O'Kclly.  "Bless ye! wo'ra liko a family party in  this houso; there's uo occasion to look  ap. What I foar is that Mrs, Munro will  glvo mo notice to quit unless I give up  Madame thoro. I'm so comfortable horo  that I don't want to  loavo, and that's a  fact," and he  took  a   -  pull nt his pipe.  I was ln a brown study; what could  I say?  "If I wore In your placo, O'Kolly, I  would finish olf Margaret Roper's  gown directly, and thon lot Duubrcy lmve  tho-flguro. I promised lilm thu loan ot  it after you.'  "Woll, if lt must bo It must; but it's  real sorry I nm!" sighed O'Kolly.  Now, Duubroy was a fushlonablo portrait painter, always talking of the lovo-  Jy countesses nnd marchionesses ho was  "doing." Ho was u great fop.but a nioo  fellow ou tho whale, anil was only too  delighted to recelvo "Madame," black  volvot dress nnd all, for he was going' to  ."Uu" n duwuger. Duubroy lived in Albion  stroot, Hydo Park, und thithor tho figure  was speedily transferred. Just ut thnt  timo he was ubsont on u visit to a country houso. Ho wus un agreeable, guy  llttlo follow, singing drawing-room  comlo songs very well; full of * anecdote  and conversation, whioh protralt painters  often excel in. These Items insured him  plenty of Invitations ln tho winter timo.  My mother and I, though living very;  quietly, occasionally entertained our  friends at n smull ��� dinner or evening  party, and nlways had a llttlo danoo on  my blrthdny, tlio 0th of February. sThis  year, it wns intended to bo n very pleasant, reunion, for sweet Luoy Hollls, with  her'father, and brother, woro to be of tho  guests. We had , a cheerful flro in tho  studio; it was wretchedly cold weather,  nnd tbo snow luy deep. Tho studio was  to bo tho ballroom, nnd I decoruted it  tastefully with evergreens, artlflolul  flowers and a ling or two. I hired an  ISrard, and engaged a pianoforte player  and a violinist to play for the dancing.*  It proved a very bod night; tho ntinos-  phere whs raw and foggy; then it ruined,  converting.the snow into a deep, muddy  slush. This did not much signify, most  of the oompnhy, with tho exception of  O'Kelly, residing within easy nocess of  us. Wo had a delightful evening indoors;  everybody oame. My mothor seomod to  have rooovored her spirits and wns quite  herself again. Refreshments had been  handed round, and we wero In tho middle  of the Lancers, the time being about  half-past ton o'olock when we hoard several knocks at tho side door of the studio  which, us I previously'.''denorlbed, gave  egress to the road. Thinking it. was some  mischievous boys attracted by tho brllli  ant light from the largo windows, no  attention was paid to it; the dancing  continued. ���-..  ,7 '7  Presently the rapping recommenced,  louder and moro peremptorily. As I did  not onro to hnvo the door unfastened and  opened unneossarily to let in tho cold  night air, I told Juno to go to tho hall  door nnd call out "Who's there?" and  nsk what they'wanted.'- Juno went, but  ns thoro was no roply,<we again set the  interruption down : to somo mlohlevous  porsona, iind finished the set of I.hncors.  Whothor it was the comparative quiet  that mado tlio knocking seem loudor, or  Whothor it roally was loudor I know not,  butsevoral violent raps wero now heard  on tho punols, accnmniiniail by sobs and  uharp spasmodio cries. Of courso wo  woro all slloiiced. "Who'sthoro? What do  you want'." I callod out from my Mdo  of tho door. Thoro was no answer, only  lobbing.  "Somo ono had better go round out-  dirle and see who is there," said my  mother. "Doubtless it Is some poor houseless creature attracted by tlio lights and  sounds of gnyoty." Hut now nuthorita-  tlve hammering, accompanied by tho  (uud volco of a man,,was heard.  "Opon the door directly; I am a policeman."  Of course I unbolted tho door dlroctly,  and wns almost knooked down by a tall  ft'iunlo form which fell upon mc, nnd  from mo to tho floor with a crash. I  stonpoil to raise what appeared to bo n  mass of wot black velvet. To my dismay  and utter astonishment I lifted my  Fremiti lay figure!  "Thut poor thing's been n-orylng nnd  knocking nt your door ever so long. I  think she's fulntod ut lust," saUl7lio  policeman.  "It's no poor thing at all!" I replied  indignantly, turning tho flguro over on  the Iloor with my foot, Its glass oyos  wide open and glistening in tho light  most unpleasantly ns lt lay an its buck.  "Somobody hns boon playing a senseless  trick. This Is a luy figure���a life-sized  doll, that is, such ns artists dress in  drapery to paint from."  "Don't tell mo," said tho intelligent  oflicer; "thnt there's a lndy."^T"^  "Como in, thon, and judgo for yourself; only do shut tho door and keep the  night air otic," said I. Tho man thon  ontcrod, and holding his bull's-eye close  to tho oream-colored face, examined it  and seemed puzzlod and scared.  "This is ono of your jokes," I said to  O'Kolly indignantly, "a very silly ono;  and let mo toll you I oonsideritextromo-  ly bnd tnsto as well.','  O'Kelly stronuously denied all knowledge of tho affair. I did not believe lilm.  | "This pore thing's walked," said the  policeman, who was going on with his  examination. "Look nt her stockings;  iookot'thomudoverhor fe"ot,~vno��� boots"  on; and what draggled skirts!"  Wo had all assembled round tho re-  oumbent figure, somo holding candles, a  jnorry party no longer, for this unexpoot-  ,ed adventure had caused an uncomfortable break ln our amusements and raited  much curiosity.  "Look hero," said thepolloeman, holding up tin velvet train, lined with what  was onco white fur; "I deolare It's bedraggled with mud und soaked with snowwater a yard deep. The pore thing',  wolkod."  "What un obstinate man ynu nre, to  be surol" cried I, "How can a woadei.  dummy walk?" nnd I began twisting  tho hands and foot about to provo my  wnrdn.  "Well, I never could hnvo believed  any think cnulil havo boon u-mnmifaotured  ���o nutural-llku���nuvnrl" auld tho polioe<  man, who looked quite bewildered.  "Anyway, she was a-staudln' agin thi  door, and l could have sworu sho was n-  knooklng and a-orylng to bo let In; only,  you see, ladles aud' gents, If eho's oui;  a Image she couldn't havo dono lt, ana  you wero making suoh a noise with music  and dancing. I supponoIwaB mistaken."  "This is a shameful praotlcal joke,  Mr. O'Kolly," said I onco more to th<  puzzled Irishman, who stood staring ul  tho luv flguro, from which tho mud anil  rain still oozod off on tho Iloor. " You  say you did not plan it, but no doubt  you onn glvo a good guess nt who did. A  shameful trick, ospocinlly as you were  nwaro thnt I loft ten pounds with Zerub  babol for a doposit on tho volvet dross,  which is quite spoilt." ^  "I'll pny-the ten pounds, or twenty il  you like," oriod O'Kelly earnostly: "but,  on the honor of a jintloman, I've had nc  more to do with it than you have hud  yourself."  "Now, my good man," said I to tht  policeman, "if you have quito mudo u.  ynur mind that this is not a humor  bolng, porhopi you will ho so good ui tc  carry lt round by tho garden to tho tool  house by tho side of the conservatory;  then go to tho kltohon and hnvo some  hot, tnddy und something to out."  "Thank you kindly sir," said tho oili-  . oer, taking tho wet luy flguro lu hii  ���urms. '. The clovornoss nnd hingonuity  of the present day Is allowed to bo sur  lirlsln', but this hern flguro caps.Dolly I"  -, Though this speech of tho policeman  had the effect of raising our spirits u little, the wholo eplsodo threw u cloud aval  our onjoymont, nnd truly glad wo wcrf  when supper wns announced. My motlini  looked \f-ry polo; thero was soniPthine  so weird and unaccountable about the  figure, In her opinion, that It unnerved  hor. Of oourso this joke of Dnnbroy's, us  it wns now sot down to bo, although he  wns not tho kind of person to play jokes,  was tho ono toplo of convolution,  O'Kelly, strange too sny, hnd suddonlj  lost ull his animation and bcoonii  plunged in n brown study. Our partj  soon broke up; all took their departure  savo Mr. HoIIIb, his son, nnd O'Kelly,  who remained nt my. whispered request,  for lt had ocourrod to mo thet as tho la;  flguro must bo thoroughly spoilt by th(  Bonking It had received lt wus worthless,  uud wo would dissect lc.as onco proposed  by Jack Hollls, and And out of what it  wns composed..  Informing my mothor that we wen  going to hnve a olgnr, wo withdrew, and  when tho house Was poorfectly quiet repaired to the tool house nnd commenced  undressing tho figure, Tho dress wns like  a wet sponge, the outor silk nnd stock-  lng-llko skin of the same. TliU wo oui  off with muoh trouble. Undornoath wns  firm padding, formed exactly to the  shape, the; principal muscles of the  human body being imitated with won-  derfnl.acouruoy. We tore off theso pail-  dlngH. What was this lino, frmno work  supporting it underneath? Nothing more  or less than a human skeleton!  Kven Dr. Hollls himself was appalled  by such n discovery. It wos n - small-  boned, oxquisitoly proportioned skeleton  of u female. By somo process known to  the Ingenious manufacturer it hud been  "vulcanized," andrendorod of tho consistence of iron. Tho joints wero mosi  beautifully substituted by whools and  sockets formed of fino stool and brass,  resembling tho worK of'-. uTwatohmakor,  turning with ease ln exaot reproduction  of a living person. Tho timo, tho toil,  the ingenuity and putionco this model���  for such it was���must huve tukon to become whnt It wus was inorodlble. And  for what purpose? The face, so finely  euiimolod, was tho original cranium,  upon which tho sculp 'with tho- long,  blnok hair remained���tho linlr I hnd admired for bolng, as I thought, so artistically workod in! It was horrible. Had  this work boon dono during tho long  months of the siego of Purls as nn  amusement or rcvongo? Had these bonos  bolongcd to n victim or a criminal? I  shuddorod. Whut domonology would explain such a mystory? Whonco had my  Parisian dealer obtained lt? Thut he  know woll onough tlicre wus something  sinister pertaining to tho lny flguro, us  ho called it, I wns now certain, recalling  tho manner in which it had been corded  to tho wall,' his jeering expression of  face,und again tho rconimcndutlon of the  boy Henri to kucp tho studio door  lockod. Hnd a domnn possessed it?  Dr. Hollls placed tlio head mid bonos,  nil now separated, in a box, und he nnd  his son curried It nwny with them to hlE  surgery ilo afterwards arranged with  tho soxton of a neighboring cemotery to  bury it in u corner of consecrated ground.  The oxqulsltn steel ami brass joints were  all thrown into tho Thamos from Ham-  morsmith Suspension Bridge. Tho pudding was burnt by myself und O'Kolly  in the tool house boforo wo separated  next morning.  Wo could not hnvn tukon moro cure  hnd wo boon orlmiiiuls bent on getting  rid of a corpse  Try a bottle of Eisen I'ort, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  r  The favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e<*-  Turner, Beeton if* Co.  WliolcHale _\��e_itti  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA , NICI.SON, B,  VANCOUVER TRADES ANT) LABOK  COUNCIL���President, John Crow; vice-  president, *\V. J. Liimrlck; secretary, T. II.  Cross; financial secretary, XV. J. Beer;  treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician, W.  JleK'ssock; sergeant-at-arms. G. F. Lenfesty. jreellngs���First and third Friday in  each month, at 7.S0 p.m., In Union hall,  corner Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  P. O. BOX 206. ' 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan e* Co.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  Brundct;  MONOGRAM, MARGUKRITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL COKDOR, SARANTIZADOS,       - SCHILLER,  Corner Aloxnnder Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  Union Directory.  JOURN'KYX[l.',N* HAltElCKS' 1NTEIRNA-  TlONAl. UNION, 'No. 120���President,  G. XV. Isaacs; vice-president, A. H. I_cg-  gatt; corresponding - linuiiclul secretary,  D..: P. Johnson, lilj Huntings Si. East;  recording seori'lnry, C. D. Morgan;  treasurer, J. A. Davidson; soldo. J. A.  Stewart; guardian. 12. Morgan; delegates  to ,T. & If. Council. Messrs. Dlbden and  G. XV. Isaacs. Meets .first and third  "Wediiei-dajs of each niontli In Union  Hall. .         COOKS. WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president. W. XV. Nelson; recording secretnry. Jns. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellendcr. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  ���VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 220 meet the last Sunday In each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Ciimpliell; vice-president, Georue Wilby;  secrotary, 6. j. Gothard, P. O. box OS;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, K.  If. WoodTiilT, S. K. Kobb, 3. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council. J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.   II.   Bron-uc.      .   .,  STREET RAILWAY MION'S UNION-  Meels second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster Avenue and Hastings Street  at S p. ni. President. G. Dickie; vice-president, John Frlzzoll; seeioini-v, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, II. V.'indPn/alker: conductor, Kd. Manning; warden, D. Smith;  sentinel. V. Dubberley; delegates io  Trades nnd Labor Council: John Pon rev,  Jns. Hai'lon. Geo. Lenfesty, U. Dickie  nnd II.  A.   McDonald.  I  TEL. 346.  That Tired  Peeling.  Our laundry is good for that'  tired feeling which cornea to overworked women. It permits you  to have your linen in the best of  condition ut a not exorbitant  price. When your bundle comes  here you are saved worry over results and cash in the price you  pay.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  Pho.vk 340. 910 -'914 Riciiabps St  WHITE  LABOR  ONLY.  C^NlAblAN  ^777fP*M5fFfC/  UNITED BROTI-TRRUOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meet.-- every second and fourth Thursday in Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. McKenzio, 467 Ninth avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson; recording secrotary, A. E.  Collin, 730 Nelson street; Ilnancial secretary. II. S. Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jos. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  II. Wilson.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  floods nre the best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  The origin of the phrase, "This Ideu-  ture," -which <i'ppeai>> In large 'letters  at ithe li'c'a'd of legal dooumenlts to  which 'there Is more 'than one party,  is not generally iknown. In tlhe days  of our fathers' fathers legal documents ���were drawn up on sheep skins  .stretched- and��� fastened���.to���boards.  When the .'skins wero thus Inscribed  they were placed togelther, the edges  trimmed, ainkl "indentured" alike, so  that tlie 'two pai'ts .would exactly lit  one (mother. The use ol 'parchment or  sheep 'skins for deeds of Importance  nre still the custom In Bngliuul,_ where  there Is less registration thnn In Can-  ndm.  TIIK RETAIL CI/HRKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hull, the llrst and  ililrd Tuesdays of each niontli. T. A.  Phillip, presldont: W. J. Lamrlek, secretary,  ilS Princess street.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113. W.  F. iM��� meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Altkcn; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A. Ritpcr, Van Anda, B. C.;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Linklater.  INTERNATIONAL. ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2-  Meeis second and fourth Wednesday ln  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary. E.  Thr.mlns, 72C Hamilton street; financial  .secretary, J. II. McVoty, 1211 Seymour  street.  VANCOUVER FISHIDRMBN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets ln Labor Hall. Homer  street, every first and third Saturday In  each month at s p. m. Emcst Burn, president; Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  ���At nn inquest held at Clerkenwell,  Eng., recently, on Henry Lyne, It was  Htiited that his heart weighed 23  ounces, whereas a normal heart weighed between 10 ounces nml l'l ounces.  Lyne-wim n witness In the cn.se against  Michael Barrett, who In 1SC7 caused  the explosion of an old1 house ot detention In Clerkenwell ln order to effect the release of the Fenians Burke  and Casey Eighteen people weie killed and o\oi one hundred were injuied.  B.uu-ott warn hanged for his ���crime.  A fatone plow, iwlhich Oms been lying  .IdlojflOO >eais in Now Jei<-ev, has just  been -disco.eied.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guai-  anued to restore falling appetite and  corietf any kind o�� stomach trouble  oO c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co. .  JCUREY.MMN BAKMRS' AND CONFECTIONERS' International Union of  America. Local No. 10, Vancouver, B.  C��� President���Jn mc-s Woliators-vUwprasl-  dent. J. W. Wilkinson; recording secretary, 'Murdo MacLoaii, 2721 Westminster  Avenue; Ilnancial secrotary, II. MoMullIn  Toronto Candv Co.; treasurer. XV. A.  Wcods, 3_3 Ninth Ave, Jit. Pleasant:  corresponding secretary, F. Rawlliigw,  Barnwell Bros., Granville street; masters-at-arms, F. Moylcs and Fred Bar-  He; delegates to T. & L. Council, F.  Rawllngs nnd J. W. Wilkinson.  PACIPBC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST r SERVICE.  To nil points ln Cnnnda nnd the United State..  Tilli FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBAIM  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOll JAPAN AND  CHINA.  Tnrlnr Sept. 2  Empress of India Oct. 7  Athenian Oct. IS  Empress ol Jnpnn Nov. 4  and every four weeks tliereaiter.  SAILING FOB HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Mlowcra Sept. 2  Aoraugi Oct, 1  Moami Nov. 1  and every four weekb tliereaiter.  For further particular!) as to time ratci etc.,  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATEB,  A. G. p, A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St,  Vancouver, B. O.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION INTO. :r.7-  McoLs the 'drst Tuesday In each month  ln Union Hall. President, A. Kochel:  vice-president, p. Crowder; secretary,  G."'niomns,-jr.. us Cordova, street west  tioasuror, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at  arms, J, XV. Brat:, delegates to Tnidcs  nnd-Labor Council, J. Crow, C. Crowder,  c.  Nelson.  BROTHERHOOD OF* PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 138.  Meets every Thursday In Lalior hall.  President, XV. Pavlcr; vice-president, E.  Crush; recording-secretary. C. 'Plnder.  17C0 Eighth avenue, Fnlrvlew; Ilnancial  secretary, XV. Stanley, 413 Keefer street;  tn-nsurer.. 11. McSorlov: trimtccs, C. Irwin, H. Cross and W. Cole.        JOURNEYMEN TAlI_ORS' UNION OF  AMI'KICAl No 17V-'Mcets nltornnln  Mondus In room 1, Union Hall. President F Williams, VIce-preMdont. Miss  Graham, locordlng secietafy, IT. O.  Buiiltl financial secretary, Walfred  I. irson ircasurer, C E Nellson; ser-  pc.'iit-.it-aims,  A   J   Kennedy.  For tlicMiext 30 dius jou can  gel a suit nt  5 our mm price at  THE   ACME  To Inlrtduie our now  lutein of tatloi!".?; be-  lore our Fall Stock ni:ir��s.  21 Georgia St. c. I. Holland, Cutter.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  t  - II  r        t '        J  ^'-kv^w-  "~\--M  ^:���U,.;^���^;*^^*:'^V''..;*"''A'.  'i-.^-fb' .* ,'>;'^S-o*:.v.-V-(~-> *i'X THE INDEfENDENT.  SATURDAY.'.. .SEPTEMBER 21, 1901  SELF RELIANCE.  It may be a question worth debating whether It i.s not now time for the  laboring .man to take -a. step in advance of tlhe present methods of procedure' for his alleviation. No doubt,  Iiut unions were the llrst steps. No  success was possible without unions.  They were 'tlhe means 'by whioh il be-  vnme possible for the laboring nuin to  stand lip and m'ake effentlve his fight  against the slavery to which' unscrupulous capital would drive hlni. When  one man became grounit down under  the tatitiLs nnd Jibes of those In authority over .him. he could sny not'li-  .iig. He liud to make the broad for  Ills family. If lie could not leave and  go to some otlier employer, then he  had to st'uiKl all tihat a merciless foreman or a miserly employer would say  and do to hlni, and accept the conditions hard as they were or starve. If  he moved to another place, .probably  the conditions wero quite tis bail. So  ���work and bear It iwas the only condition of life. Under the union system  the one man  *  .Has Acquired Strength.  Many men . join Mielr Individual  etrengtlh and can .thus determine the.  conditions under .which they give tholr  lalbor. What the'government of a civilized country .Is to an individual, when  treating With separate tbnrbaroiis  states, the union is to.the laborer in his  fight., for .favorable conditions against  ���the various foimis of capital, .'niiroush  the union, all disputes, all savage,  ei'inding. all sln'vislt tend'nncies are  helped.to 'be sui right.. And if not set  right, the power of doing so is greatly  augmented to what it was when the  individual had lo woi-Ic out his own  BaJvultion. But it may 'be a'question  whether Olie .union should end With  strikes and votes. The great capital  ���world must, in the'near future, determine  Some .Mentis  to   Avoid  Strikes.  / Non-union, men will be round' cither on  this continent, or on some other, who  will do ithe work. Capital, with Its  cunning and strength, will seek out  labor from various quarters of the  globe .'ihiong a class, who neither know  or .care   anytlhing  about   unions,   nnd  "'thus , the,7whlte laborer, having no  . wonk, will not be.allowed to etit, and.  being .reduced to n suite'.of. slavery,  ���Willi be .little 'better than the l.itu.'k  man.    If llie black, laborer eiiiinot.be  -brought to the country of the white  mum, then the capitalist will erect his  labor shops in the country of the libwk  annn, and there produce .a eheniv article for 'a. starving nice of wlliite men.  ���Tills "-'ond'lUon of affairs may not oo-'  cur ifor ��oine time, but, what is possible to ':be.,.clone, may be done, nnd  'strikes among tlie white laborers may  have :i tendency to .bring such a state  ot .affairs about. ''Mien, again,, the  union may control the"''votes so that.  In a .measure, legislation may be'" Influenced for.'tlhe Jj'enc-flt'oC the lolborlng  ;-.class,    This  position  of  tihe    laboring  ��� <-Lass .    -  '��� 7 Is Farther ��� Ken Chi rig  itliiui the strike .power. Once tlie laboring class enn say what-men shall  tie memlbers of. parliament, then this  position 'Will ibe .very strong. But the  great dllllculty witli this power is Its  iiistn'Mlity. A .im'in may be elected to  support a eerliuln line of principles,  and when elected he will support tlie  very opposite, This Is done so often  that no examples need -.be. given. A  nnenibeV of parliament Is seidoin pun-  ilslieil, tor. "going badk" on his principles. Some great corporation gets  Wm, unakes lilin comfor.ta'ble,Hnd he,  drunk with momentary wealth, influence und .power,  throws principles to  "Tfiic  dogs"   "'JMMT'g'i'eaT-laboring 'olnss,  ���wanking Qisuv.l  for four years,  forget  that iliQy voted  for a exrlaln class of  (principles,   and,  at  a  new election,   a  new set of prlndiples comes up.  and  tlhere '.'ire a different set of 'conditions,  i  (ind thoro I.s the rfaine llclnd of a light  over again in  the same iway,    Members of parliament seem to bo able to  . _kln   iniytliliiar _w|illo   In.. Iegl��ln't!v<_t   lis.  Hombly, 'and all in forgotten in time of  election.    Wlinlever legislation,  n��.lt  is at. piesmit constituted, can do for  the laboring man, .It can only finrtlnlly  Iirotect hlni.   It cannot liuilil up within  lilm ii/self-reliant spirit,   it will not.lay  imoney .Into Ihis'trensury for upc In old  days.    It. will   not protect lilm   from  the capitalist sdiark laying up millions  to iflght lilm out of the 'brains juid en-  orgy of his co-laborers.    That s tend lly  goes  on amidst strikes and  elections.  The laborer ,ls poor, .and Ithe capitalist  lias Wis millions.    The  laborer.Is still  taking the cruni'l.s that drop from the  capitalist's t!able. : ���Wihat I "Would. suggest iii taking a. step In advance Is  ���:��� that .the '-'.   :    ' y'.'���'���:���; ..'���'��� ' y :  iSyateiii of .'Co-.opertion1     o  among' the .laboring classes, .be  more  7 indulged:- in. ,.- Take any ^business you  ; choose,  say ..for example the grocery  ���' business.Ttn-'a. city of any IklnU. the la.-  .* .boi'ing.'Olasa use th'e'gre'at .bulk of Ithe  groceries, as they use the great bulk  o ifeVerythiiig else. iSuppose they undertake to supply themselves with  groceries. It would ibe a large business, but capitalists liave demonstrated that ,a very large business can be  maiiased under one head. Whiutever  .profits there happened to be In such  a business vould be stored up and laid  away for the use of the 'luborer. It  would1 become a, question as to how  these prollts should be used, but it  would be lis gratifying to t'he laborer  to iknow that the piollts were some-  wliere, where he had an Interest In  lilieiii. as to know that they were ill  the pockets of strangers where lie had  no Interest whatever. Tihe distribution  of .profits could be regulated so that  they would be as wisely distributed as  possible. No doubt but questions  would arise as to the'management of  such a business. But .managers can  be had. Cailtallsts pay for .managers  and there is no reason why the',laboring class could not do so. It makes  little difference  Who Pays the '.Manager,  as in the end the labelling class must  pay him. If the icaiititalist pays lilm,  then the.capitalist gets the money from  the laboring class and 'p'asses it on to  the "maiiagor, after deducting a'good  share for himself. What Is said about  the grocery business may be said  about every other business, as trans-  .portat'ion. maniifactu-iilng, canneries.,  newspaper .and all sorts and conditions  of business. If tlie laboring class went  inio any business and staid: together,  no iperson���-. could 'compete, wllh .them.  Once shift the purchasing power of  the iniboi'lug c-Hies to business conducted by themselves, and the other  men 'must go out of 'business. If such  a condition'of affairs could be carried  out there would 'be no use for strikes.  Members of parliament .would be chosen, not .witli .principles favored by the  laboring class, but the .members ihem-  sel.ves wouid be of t'he laboring class.  The other man would be the suppliant.  The struggle would end. lt-mlght lake  new form In ceitiiln internal struggles,  but that would only teiid';'to perfect  uhe 'machine, and bring the masses '.o  a greater state of self-dependency.  Only a want of unity en tiie part of  the lalboting class would ..prevent such  a condition being successfully carried  out.  i>  _ ..That Unity Will Grow.  There would: be. many a derail to work  out. The energy that, has been expended in getting together unions could  lie used in keeping the laboring-, class  together under the new regime. Tlie  ���benu'ty of sunli a. system could not be  seen until every city and ; .country  were brought .under the same state of  affairs. Transportation " companies  would soon turn over their .railroads  and steamboats, or thoy would make  such terms wiUh the new .business corporation us. would put Into the, shade  tlie. terms said to' be lnade with tho  great Standard Oil Coiiipany. Tihe laborer could always get woi'U. . There  would 'be no need of throwing u lot  of machinery out of employment in  order to 'keep up prices. 'Transportation would .lie iilieiiipeneil. Railroads  need only be ���built for the amount of  money they cost. There would be no  schemer around to make several millions, out of tbe construction of a railroad. There: would; be no reason for  "cornering the niiirkdt." Finally where  everything was done.7  Honestly audi Wisely ���  there'would-be no great ������ disturbances  as.-occur from .time..'to time in large  cities, driving a certain class to eternal; 'povery and ithe slums, there to  add to the .miserable poor, who inhabit  every city, awful representatives of the  frakj^f_thejwsj?i^Mc^^  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 00c rye is it. Golil  .Seal Liquor Company, 74(1 Pender stieet.  Telephone 1���2���5 for it, line livery  turn-out. J. .1. Sparrow, I'aluce livery  stables.  Gold Seal Cmindiiui Ryu iH Scugrnm'H  Griinil Old Kye. Only, COc bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  .    The Mint.  Ih located ut tlie corner of Carrall mid  Huntings streets.   The bottled goods are  nil first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Kninier beer,5cents.  Now, gentlemen, here is (lie shop tn  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Ciuubie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  iW. D. Jones, the Brockton ' Point  light house. Keeper, is one of the most  talked of .Timers iin this city to-day.  He .has" beconie suddenly famous for  the pld .country home-made wine lie  makes. In the neighborhood of 3,000  gallons of .this delicious beverage bos  Tieen.. ibrought into existence by him  this year.'.- Anyone who .has orice tasted  Jones'���; wine wants more.       ..  NEWS OF THE LABOR WORLD  Canadian.  The recently organized union of (hotel and restaurant employees ait Victoria lias received a charter from the  Hotel and Restaurant Bnvployees' In-  ternatloniil Alliance, and has been or-  ganle/.d under tlhe laws ot that organ izaililon. The following oillcers were  clouted: Pisasliienl. A.') J. Arnnson;  ���.'Ice-ipresldent, E. C. Slmughnessy;  si'eretui'y, A. Stewart; llnaniclnl secretary and treasurer. Miss L. Lambert;  chaplain; J. -Hllson; inspector, C.  Miirsh. Tliu union will meet,on the  second and fouiith Mondays In eaiah  month.  Advices have 'been received from Ottawa that the olllco of labor commin-  sl-oner will be 'abolished this month.  At the last deguliu-.meeitlng of the  Greenwood iMineis' uiiilon. No. 22, W.  P. of ��� M., the following ottlcers were  .elected for the ensuing halt year from  September list: President, Geo. F.  Dougtierty; . vice-president, George  Pratt; secretary-treasurer, iM. Kane;  warden.1 'M. J. Price; conductor,'Louis  Lebeau; recording secretary, W'illlttiti  Wilson.- Tihe union-meets every Saturday night in union hall.  Tihe attendance at the labor meeting last Saturday night at 'Revelstoke  was large, and was slgnlllcnt as con-  twiiilng .railway "men who haive been  previously supporters of one or the  other, ot the old pat-Dies, but Who de7  clare that since tlhe section-men's  strike they will never iv.ote. Conservative, or'Liberal ii'gain. , The .result of  the meeting was Ithe formation of a  committee of_. tlie. following named.-  Thomas Gillespie, bridge 'foreman; ,1.  G. Webster, machinist, and J. \V. Ben-  net, stor-cipeeker, to ,get the'unions; to  choose delegates <to di'aiw up a Labo  Party -platform:  At the regular meeting of the Rossland Trades and Labor Council the re-  slgiiiniilon of Ai-Uhui- Ferris as ipresid'ent  was , received and .accepted!- and rice-  ���presidont \V.. li. MaDoniild .was appointed to .fill 'the iposttlon ot" u>i'esid,eiu  for the ba.laincs of'the term. The following, resolution .was adopted: VThis  Trades anil .Lii-boi' Council aleenn it  necessary -in view of the' hnitiagonisitlc  '.lU.i.lude ol" Aittonney-Geiiei'a'l ;JSberts  -townlids the labor unions .of this, city  during the present strike, to take  some aetlou to dniiroiidtrate ito the different trades and ilailjor councils -of  t'he .province his determined 'opposition  towards* uhe union nien of tliis city,  'niiercifore the legislative committee is  instructed to 'prepare a resolution setting 'ifontih the full .faicl'S iln the case,  and foi'Wai-ira copy to the trades and  lalbor 'Councils, of Victoria, 'Vancouver  'and .New Wesiiiriiister amd (Ivootenuy  ������country, and to the leaders of tlie  ���present'government and; opposition at  Victoria. ���'...::'.; '���������'  so talking action to oust militiamen or  prevent ithem .from Joirtlng orglmnlza-  tlons.  Getting ready iin one one of the machine shops, says the Union Boot and  Shoe Worker, is a cunvbrous shoe machine designed to do eight different  parts of the shoe, every part to be  done automatically. 'It looks to haive  about a ton ot iron tn It. The parts  It is; to perform are heel shaving, rough  scouring, line scouring, ihcel edge  blacking, 'heel burnishing, top-lift  blacking, top-lift burnishing and  breasting. It Willi be u great la'bor  saver, eight parts being dono .In. the  time that onu-'ls done wlfh the present  machinery, and as only an ordinary  laborer Is irefiulred to operate the machine, he will probably displace seven  skilled ���medhan.es. The Inventor of  the Rockingham burnisher is the Inventor of the new automatic machine.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, S�� to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 74(1 Pender street.  . American.  The reponL of t'he Pennsylvania' Bureau of 'Minos', shows that G7T persons  were killed labmit tlie.-mines-'of that  state last year. 7    '  'Holyoke, Mass., .reports that the poller mill hands ihave gained concessions  that Uiey 'haive Ibeen lighting for during the 'past. twenty j-eai-s, Including  shorter hours, Sunday nly'lit sit home  and better .wages..  ���Oarrol'D. Wright, t'.ie federal labor  commissioner, has come to 'the conclusion that employers' liaibillty laiws of  tlle ivairlous states are praiatieally  wortlh'less as a. means of .protection to  injured employees. :.'���  The, Journeymen Biulbers ilvniye 'increased their nieirtbersili'lp aibout 10 per  cent, thus far for this year,   in seven  &gi7-cftfeS-7-Tp. in. Ts~i'"o"\v���ii'li6~ilioiii'-  for closing and In one It has been reduced  to li o'clock.  The boom In -organization has even  invaded the Indian Tenllory. At McAllister tlhe Fedciia 'Lalbor union got  ���un ilncren.se of 2,"> cents, iper day without amy trouble. Other unions are be-  ���lng rapidly formed.  A machine for m'alklng cloth .bags  lias 'been Invented by an >Aik'rou man,  'Pile work Is entirely uuiloiniut'lc and  will be Ji iliig Hiailiig to Hour and cereal manufacturers, <md van also be  used for salt and ��ugar.  IThe Hotel and Resiauuant lSntploy-  ees have tloublcd tlieir mentlx'i's/li'ln In  the ipiust year, 'lllielr nwit'hmiiil Preal-  dent, ,leie L. Sullivan, say.s of the Sun  Fi'iiiielsco strike: "They ��truc!k to  stkilc and  they are'stUll sUcking."  ilBeeause t'he silk 'weaver striker-s'  lawyer at Paterson, N. J.-, iprotcstu-d  that Hiis Clients Were unjustly treated  by ibelng 'arrested land 'lined upon tlie  slightest occasion, the court .fined him  $10 and stated that, soalbs iwould be  protected'.��� at all   hazainls.  .  The. New York'"'central Federated  union .'almost un'ainlimously, adopted ii  resolution . debarring, any rrian Who is  a imeiwber of the .in'llltla: irom .a seat  In that bwdy.  The loco;! .unlions are oil-.  'Mr.' C. Thouret is the manager of the  Board of Trade grill room, Hastings  street. This place Is one of Vancouver's model restaurants. Short orders  audi the best are served 'promptly-  Shell llish :of all kinds are kept fresh  as well as ftverytliing iln season. Also  tlle prices ore light. Open day and  night. 77  An interesting, article entitled ''"Is  ah 'Autocar Safe in a "Thunderstorm"'  appears In the current issue .of. .The  London ������Autocar.' The answer to this  'question is" In the, aflli'maLiive. Al-..  flioug;h an. autocar contains a-eoni'pai'-  atlvely large mass.of .metal, It could  not tnke, and would not linilte the dls-  cWarge of a cloud such as'.would be  dangerous,. It would invite such a-dls-  ehai'ge,. and would' probably .be wrecked by the d'isclivarge, If it 'formed part  of the discharge path .to.a conducting  mass below." Such a conducting mass  would ibe the wet ground "of a large  level field', tiiulei' which a 'bed of clay  existed, so that the wet could not get  away. For safety, then, in.a thunderstorm the autocar should keep right  cut in the open, and on the hardest  bit. of road t'hat can be found In the  neighborhood. 7.7  'An.'official return, of the London  Board of Trade shows that from July  1, 1!)00, to June ��?, "1901, four vessels���  one steel steainshli'P. one. wooden  steainsiliip,. and two wooden sailing  ships���were detained at British ports  and declared unsafe by reason of defects in iliull; equil'ments or niachln-  ery. ..in the same period' twenty-nine  'vessels, twenty-six . -of w-htdli . were  steamers, were found unsafe, owing  to overloading or improper loading.  Inmost cases the vessels were lightened iind: released. 'Since." October 1,'  HS7G, there dvave/been 921) vessels reported unsafe" owing to defects, .'and  1,023 owing to overloading or:. improper  loading.'.  ���Not only is education free :in New  Zealand, ibut, where.necessary, children are conveyed to,and. from;school  gratuitously on tlho government.' nail-  ways. At sixty-rove every man, and  woniiiii who needs it, white, or native,  receives an old-age ipension. -<j-.- ,  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money book. - Cfto box.  McDowell. Atkins, Watson Co.  i YOU'LL NEED HEAT %  Before long now.   The best heaters made ���'  ���the cheapest to buy and the most eco- ,���  nomical to" use are the  **   AIR-TIGHTS-AND  BASE   BUHNERS.  made by the McClary* Mfg. Co.  SOLE AGENT  126 Hastings St. |  *���������������������������������������������������������������*���������  McLennan9  McFeely & Co.  ���WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  Shelf and Heavy  MAIL  ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, OOUOLAS ��> CO.  WHOL13SAH2 GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   - ' Vancouver, B. C.  [jE3=r Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  ]s now on.   All goods at Half Price for  'ONE WEEK.      7  ySe are right In .1 iii is with the swellest inHor-nmclc piniietils tlint you'hnvo  "seen this seuson.' 'Kleiii.froiii ihe I if ir elites' where Jnslilon evolves such, superb  jTop Coiiis ns .-THE "Hi.Ol.AN" mill Till; "astOSVENUR."   Our Overcoat sVock'iu-  jcluilesilio kinds llaUwill be iyi'irii-. this seusoh. 77 !'���'   7.7 7.''7v; ���-  IF-iS! (PS^+K.rjm -'Never lmve we been In n betler liosltlon to meet your  j B dil 1-JOTl!Slll{���H-.uiis jnir l-'iill Suit. There is '.nothing lueklug in  jsize, color, niiiiurliil, ill iirilliMlli.'-'Tlio prices will suit you, loo.    :-:,':  ' '���'���),   ;7 J��B1N��T@N,Vte?����!' <^*CO.;77^:;7'-  104 and 106  Cordova'Slrcei.    *  trunk Stor�� 12" Hasilngs-"si., 0|)|>. Wm. Ral[_h's. 7  ���<mwmm8��gEmsamn8is^  ''����� 7(1  Of Everij Dcscrijjtion and Quality at  SSI   Blastings  9 Street.  ����������������������������������� ��������������������  '&  Grocery  25 Hastings Street Casi.  Prii-i'H on TRUIT JARS arc:  1'iiiln, 75u per <loz.; Quarts, !)0c  per dozen; J>< Kiillona $1.10 per  dozen. ,  " Prices Bring Trade.  'Wo are ijuotinK prict'fl on inniiy  lilies lowcrHluin fionio grocerH can  buy.   Watoli or prices. '  SFOKD'S   GROCERY, i  Telephone 728. T  ������������������������������ ���.������������������  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General������=x  Consnlling lilecliunicat Engineers   .  520 Cobdova St. W., Vanccuvkr, B. C. Tkl. 76  Patentees and designers of tho Hardie-  Thompson water tube holler, now high  speed reversinft engines, and special  machinery in light sections for mines.  propeli.ei19 de3igkei).  ekgink3 ind1catkd and  Adjusted.  Solo agents in B. C. and N. W. Territories lor  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.  'BUSINESS  demands -a. large number of ouiv graduates in Unroll. A course takes "C or 7  .months, so you should begin .NO>y, or  .we "WIU~.be slioftr^Vo iire-ru'iTning"  short now! XVe can 'pla.ee between'75  and 1C0 iboys every year. To-dny ,nve  liave none. No 4lflloulty to place all  the giuls you send us. Itemenvber ive  ikoep.tliom till thoy (ire.In a. situation.  The H.II.A.Vogcl Coiniiiercial College  P.O.Box !__���.. Vancouver, B.C.  gooaooooaoooopocoocMieoaooo  DELICIOU& WINE  Mam: kxcm'kivki.y kimim H. (I. Fiiiiit.  ���l'RKSII CUT l'l.OWHUS   UNION-MA l)H  DOM KSTIO CIGAltB.  When iiinklinr n trip iiroimd .thi'  1'iirk cull on  W�� Oa J ORES      illghthouse  oa30oa33!>03Qaoooaoo3oaooou  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  14 Arcade .  easonl  Tliis is the times of the year you  _ni;ed-l'reser-vii!g_4Cett!cs,-.l:'ruit-  Prosses, etc.. so you  would do  well to call anil seo our prices  before buying..  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and llousefurnishings,  406 and  408 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  Subscribe  for  Ibe  Independent  $ 1.25 a Year.  ���  #  GEO. HAY  A Vancouver's Pioneer Clothe*' A  ^r Eenovalor, makes a Buit new. ���  A A  X Dyeing and Repairing. X.  a 216 Cambie St., Vancouver.        A-  ���������#���������������������������

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