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The Independent Aug 10, 1901

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Array ���M  HEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  The oldest and largest international company ln tho world.  Buperviaed by 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  B. C. PERMANENT LOAN AND  SAYINGS CO.  Authorized Capital    ���   $10,000,000  Subscribed Capital   -   ���    ?,500.000  Assets over    ....      3011,000  Head Oflice Sll Cambie Street, Vancouver, D. C.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATUEDAY, AUGUST 10, 1901.  NO. 20.  d P. It. STRIKE.  The strikers here are very Jubilant,  because they know that they are winning. Everything Is solid in tholr  ranta..  Tlie strike leaders at Montreal have  been arrested, hut the forgers of the  misleading newspaper telegrams are  allowed to roam at large.  A representative of one of ihe railway orders heie has left for Montreal.  And it is said thnt in all likelihood  imore will follow lu a day or two.  No,���it is not a nice job for an Intelligent well paid ofllclal, having to  scour round the country cozening,  " threatening, and bulldozing men into  accepting the company's terms. No  wonder tlhey are growing sick of Jt.���  The Voice.  Despatches from the Interior Thursday night state that all the section  men .between Rohson and Eholt are'  srtill out and as determined as ever.  Those on the Phoenix .brancAr and the  Nakusp & Siocan are also true to their  union. The road ^between Hope and  Kamloops Is getting in ibad condition.  When the Injured sectlomnan from  Claremont was being removed to the  general hospital at Toronto a five-  chambered loaded revolver fell out of  his poekot. The man said the revolver  was the property of the section foreman, and It has been returned to the  foreman. The incident 'but confirms  the suspicions of the strikers that a  good many of the new men on the road  have been armed.  The C. P. R. objects to a .committee'  of tihe tradkmen holdlng'up the company for 'higher wages, but it does not  object to hold up on its own account  the whole of Canada for freight rattes,  land and money grants, defiance of the  law, terrorism by special police, and by  flooding the country with the'riffraff  ���oi American cltle3. It tajppears that  what ds right ^ for this monopolistic  company is wrong for its employees.  ���iKooteuay .Mall.'- .-. '��� -'     -.'.'  being brought about. The reason for  this, so wc are Informed, is due to the  fact that the C. ��� P. It. are making  strenuous efforts to beat the trackmen In their struggle for the recognition of their union and a living wage.  The company Is also resorting to questionable means to that end by trying  to pit one organization against another  to the ultimate downfall of all. This  Is In accordance with the well-known  policy of the General Mnnageis' association, of which Manager MeNicol!  Is a member. And the opinion Is that  ���It Is a challenge to organized labor  when the trackmen are refused recognition In their denvmds, and that a  further move will he made by the  company to disrupt the older .organizations. Nevei theless the lime has non-  arrived when the different railway organizations must take a hand, not go  much in sympathy 'With' the trackmen,  whom everyone sympathizes with, but  for their own protection and prestige.  'Mores ln this direction are also being  made In the east as well as here. The  operation of trains all over the road  are now becoming a source of danger  to all trainmen, who will be forced to  talke a stand for the protection of their  own lives, If for no other reason.  When the general manager of the_ C.  3P. R. returned from the west it was;  evident from his iFree Press Interview  -that iln respect to the trackmen's strike  he -was at the last barrier of'defence.  Tlie position taken by the manager  was not dignified for the administrative head of a great institution, nor  did his .logic of ethics reach a very  hlgih level. Mr. McNIcoll would havo  ���us believe the moving of the western  crop was a minor matter to the company, and he made a plain .bid for the  support of the farmers and traders of  Manitoba in his effort to crifsh the  trackmen, it was tlheir .concern rather  than Ms. Both classes are desirous  enough to "have the crop moved ���with  all expedition, but the manager has  sadly mistaken their spirit and disposition If he supposes .they would sell  their souls to aid hlni In grinding tlie  face of the poor, whlcli ds exactly .what  he is engaged In.���The Voice.  Mr. A. B. Lowe, who Is .visiting the  itrackmen at Winnipeg, was section  foreman on the C. P. R. for o!bout 13  years, from the time the' C. P. R.  company wns organized, until May,  1S93, when ithe trackmen began to organize. He was then appointed organizer and at the conlviention in St.  I_ouis last year, was elected first vdce-  president of the Brotherhood of Rail  road Traokmen of America. Mr. Lowe  lias just come through from Ottawa,  nnd on his way west states that lie  visited and talked with tho majority  of the striking traokmen, 'besides holding public meetings at Pcmbioke,  fichrelber, Port Arthur and Dryden.  He reports .that the men tare standing  as firmly as on the 'llrst day, not one  man from Ottawa to Winnipeg halving  returned to work, He also states that  the C. P. R. track Is in pretty rough  condition, there having been Vractlcal-  ly no work done on lt since the strike,  especially from Chalk River west-  wvurds. ���  Although it lias Ibeen settled numberless times, according to the delightful  despatches of the Associated Press, the  iStrlke of the C. ,P. R. trackmen Is still  <very much In evidence, particularly so  In fine west. We ha've been ivcry creditably informed that 'the executive officers of the B. L. E., B. L. F��� O. IR. C,  B. R. T. and O. R. T., of the Pacl'flc division, have been consulting with each  other as to what course they should  adopt towards   a speedy   settlement  The .Kamloops Sentinel   says:   "We  fancy  .the   full   significance    of   this'  strike  Is  not   thoroughly appreciated  by the public, many "regarding it as a  comparatively small Industrial jdlspute.  A little consideration should convince  any man that this Is an entirely mls-  talken view of the matter, 'though it  is one the railroad corporation would  gladly  see  prevail.  Aipart   altogether  from tlhe Justice of the men's demands,  which Is so patent as to' aippeal to the  most indifferent,  there  are principles  of great    moment    involved   in  this  struggle,   tactile first place It is quite  apparent now 'that  the real cause of  the company's  refusal   to settle  has  nothing whatever to do with  wages,  *but is simply andi solely prompted by  a determination to prevent the spread  of  unionism  among ithelr  employees.  If the company succeed in .this effort  It follows necessarily that when opportunity arises tlio effort will  be made  to still .further curtail organization on  the part of their employees,' and so,  little iby little, remove altogether the  barrier   raised .by 'unionism    against  corporation greed   and   tyranny.   This  strike has shown the public what ithe  company will resort to; how very little  regard  they have for the welfare of  Canada  when   they   want to gain   a  point.   If   the company  could  accomplish their endi of crushing out unionism on ,the entire system, down would  come wages and into every department  would flodk the Japanese and Chinese  and cheap European labor.  .What this  would mean to ibusiness men, farmers  and meolianlcs, they can realize without further comment here.   Again, this  strike  has shown .us  that a big railroad corporaitiion  Is,   for  all   practical  i  purposes, superior to the  law of the  land. It Is rather a come down for  Canadians to acknowledge this fact,  but .there is nothing to be gained by  fighting shy of IL The laws, so fat-  as they go���they might go a good deal  further���are all light, ibut for some  reason or other very few people in  any part or Canada seem to consider  it at all reasonable to expect a railroad corporation, particularly the Canadian Pacific railway, to bo amenable  to She daw. We believe that the Canadian Paclllc railway company should  be shown just the same consideration,  THE STKEET CARNIVAL.  The street fair after to-night will be  a thing of the past. The attractions  on the midway will 'be over, nnd the  hoo-chee koo-ehee girls will disappear  like fairies at midnight. The Mexican  who sang tlie sweet song of "Aramln-  ta Ciu>ey" will depart likewise. The  German village, where the foaming  lager peer ilowed In sti earns and tlie  German girls sang the songs of the  Faderland, will be wiped out of existence. The untamed Hon who ate a  man, and tho tiny bear who so unwillingly rushed the growler for Its  ���keeper, "Holy Moses," the camel, the  wise jackass, the .flie eater and the  floating .lady, the high diver, the le  nowned Austin sisters, all will leave  for Tacoma to night, where they will  amuse our American cousins to thi  Queen's taste tor a brief period, and  then mdve on to some other place,  The great carnival will end ln a blaze  of glory and plenty of Jolly. The attendance to-night Is expected to bo a  record breaker. All the newspaper  men will be "there, excepting Sam  Robb, because it Is thought that he  will try to kidnap one of the beautiful  Turkish girls. Manager Quann declares the whole affair a financial sue-  the rossland STRIKE.  cess, and this Is doubtless correct.  '*\ There has been a good patronage all  week, and the latter end especially the  crowds were large. A statement of  the receipts and expenditures Is being  prepared, and will doubtless be made  .public as soon as completed. On the  whole the street fair has been a good  thing for Vancouver, for It has brtought  plenty of visitors to the city,'but" not  as many as were expected. No doubt  Mils would have been different had if  been pulled off a couple of weeks later.  Among the imost attractive exhibits  at the carnival was that of Doering &  Marstrand, 'the Vancouver brewers.  A large cask containing the famous Alexandria .lager of that Ann was the  attraction. "Charlie's" many friends  who .visltedi the great show did not  forget to give Mm a call, for, in proof  of this was the fact that the big cask  became empty. I  ' The strike cloud is very much larger  thnn u man's hand.  Remember the Labor Day exedrsion  to Victoria.   Ueturn fare, $2.   -  lid more and no less, as any .piivatc  Individual, and we ibelleve that so long  as this corporation can set all laws  at defiance a very grave menace to the  public welfare exists. Sooner or later  this problem will have to be dealt  with."  l.uy any cigar so long tis it is n union  cigar, but take the home-made article  when it can be had.  People should remember that the bay  is a good servant but a cruel tmaster.  For they take too inaaiy rlste In deep  water.  A dispatch (rem Rome to the Chicago  Chronicle says "the pope is enjoying  very poor health." Which would go to  show that His Holiness is not hard to  please.  The Montana Book company offers ns  a prize to the groom in the next wedding to take phici. at a street carnival a  copy of "Paradise Lost." That's appropriate.  When labor aMis. for a proportionate  fchare of w lint it produces it is called a  btriku. Wc will have to revise that, as  it is really a battle fur the hearths-,  homes and family.  It's very funny how the two Japs  accused of net cutting were dismissed  by the mlglstrate for the reason that  tlieir connection with the nets was unavoidable. But Capt. Anderson's case  appears to be quite different In the  eyes of 'the law.  With the July issue, tlie .Labor Ga-  zette, the Journal ot the Department of  Labor at Ottawa, enters upon its second volume, the "fln_.t having closed  with No. 10 nt the end of the doptu-t-  imeuUil year. An Index to the contents  of the Hirst volume accompanies the  July number. This number also contains in review of the laws affecting  labor passed by the British Columbia  Legislature during the session of lDftl;  also special articles on conciliation ln  Nova. Scotia and' settlements by arbitration. In ��� connection with this subject the experience of conciliation and  arbitration ln New Zealand since the  Industrial Conciliation and Arbitration  Act of 1894 came into force is dealt  with. Altogether 'the Latoor Gazette  for July is well worth securing and  keeping handy ifor further reference.  A Tcxns farmer lost ,u cow in a queer  manner lust week. The nnimnl, in  rtimiiging through n kitchen, found nnd  Bwnllowcd an old umbrella nnd n cake of  yeast. The yeast fermenting in  thu poor buiiifii i-toiiincli raised the  umbrella and sho died in grout agony,  Ex.  The following letter by Chris. J*oley,  appearing in the Toronto Globe, explains Itself. It succinctly describes the  causes ithnt led up to 'the .Rossland  ttrlke. We alio have the views of  others well qualified to speak and they  fully endorse all JUr. Foley snys:  The citizens of Toronto and other  eastern cities have for the last two  weeks, through the columns of the  eastern press, been tieated to a number of short paragraphs copied fiom  the Rossland Miner upon the present  labor troubles in Rossland, Which,  while not absolutely false, are grossly  misleading. 1 have ibut recently arrived from that etorm centre of labor  troubles, and am fairly familiar with  the facts, and feel that but one side of  the question has been presented by  what I might safely call the ofllclal  organ or mouthpiece. Nearly two  years ago Le Rol and War Eagle companies decided .to introduce the contract system into their . respective  mines. Most of the miners, realising  the evils of  THE CONTRACT SYSTEM,  opposed Its introduction. A compromise was 'finally effeoted, the miners  agreeing to accept the contract system on condition that no discrimination should) ibe made against members  of the union or those who had fought  the introduction of the new system.  Shortly after (the mines were reopened  it became evident that the -managers  were not living up to their agreement.  Prominent members of the union and  others who took an active part in opposition to the new system .were gradually being discharged on various pretences, and it 'finally dawned upon the  miners ithat they had been deceived.  The younger members demanded that  a strike be-ordered and a demand  made for the standard pay for muckers, which was and Is now 50 cents  per day below the standard scale, and  also that the union should be fully recognized1. The older and more conservative members, feeling that the management would soon see the foolishness  of tlie ipostlon taken and adopt a more  conciliatory course, refused ito support  the proposition, and the excitement  gradually subsided. Not so with the  managers, who, feeling themselves securely seated in the saddle, **l"  THREW OFF THE MASK,  and as rapidly as practicable dismiss-  led 95 per cent, of the muckers and replace dthem with Italians, many of  whom ii ere Imported from the States  for that purpose. The same method,  as far as possible, was adopted towards the miners. To spea'k the English tongue had' become a crime, pun-  lshalble with dismissal, so far as re  placement was possible. A system of  espionage was adopted. Spotters in  the employ of the companies swarmed  on the streets and invaded the lodge  room, andi in order to impress their  importance on their employers and  hold their jobs magnified every word  dropped from the thoughtless miner in  transmission to headquarters. The  sen-Ices of a special detective in the  employ of an American agency were  secured by the companies, the detective soon becoming a prominent member of the union. Winning himself Into the confidence of its oillcers, he endeavored to persuade them that the  chief's oflice (alluding to the chief of  a detective agency located there) con-  tained a'ledger In which were n����p. ihr.  names  of   many   prominent  members  Labor men on both sides of politics  asked for yeans ifor the oronitlon of the  'bureaun of labor at .both Ottawa and  In connection with the provincial government. The same men, still on both  sides of politics, are Just now taking  particular note of the apixirently dead  set which is being made against these  departments. Probably the appointment to oflice In' the labor bureau of  two or thre old political "war horses"  who were never .known to be the least  in sympathy with the lalbor movement  would silentee the present clamor.���T.  W. B., In Toronto Star. ���'  of the union who had been blacklisted, which If secured could be used as  foundation on which to enter legal proceedings against the companies. As a  means of obtaining possession he offered his assistance, -suggesting that they  should some night obtain the services  of two or three of 'the boys, break open  the door, .knock the old follow over,  and scoure the liook. The oillcers,  SUSPECTING SOMETHING- WRONG,  a counter plot wns laid, revealing the  existence of a deep-laid scheme for the  purpose of lending the .miners Into n  trap which would eventually result in  a forfeiture of their charter. When  tho plot wns exiioscd its originator  was called to headquarters nnd suddenly disappeared from the scene.  These things did not add to the harmony of the situation. In the meantime the union had put missionaries  In the "field and succeeded In transforming the Italians Into the most en-  thuelastlo union men, again balking  the plane of the managers, who now-  adopted a general system of dismissal  of Iboth miners and muckers, replacing them with absolute strangers,  many of whom, as It afterwards  transpired, were loyal union men, who,  on turning in tlielr cards to the union,  were dismissed, und again replaced by  others, witli no better results. Instead of crippling tho union, lt seemed to be growing stronger, and was  gathering Into its folds many ot the  Imported non-union men, which, ol  course, further exasperated the man-  ageis. Finally the miners, despairing  of securing fair trealinenl from the  managers, decided to take a .vote on  the advisability of calling a stilke and  demanding the stnmlaid wage for  muckers and a recognition of the  union. The federation by-laws require  a two-third vote for this purpose. jThe  result was a  DEFEAT OF THE .MOVEMENT  by hut 112 ivotes, 600 being polled. This  result, on a two-thirds basis, flatly  contradicts the statement made by the  Miner that but a few agitators weie  'behind' it. In the meantime a union  had been formed at Northport, consisting of smeltermen, engineers and  others under the Jurisdiction of the  XV. F. of iii., constituting a sister  union to the Rossland and Kootenay  unions. Northport is one of the Rossland smelter towns, situated just  acrois the line, about 02 miles from  Rossland. For some weeks matters  iran along smoothly, .but gradually the  weeding out process was there also  introduced. The union entered a protest at headquarters, which -was scornfully Ignored, and a false report set in  circulation that some of the foremen  had been intimidated, which, on investigation, was proven absolutely  false; but 'upon this protest instructions were issued to close down the  smelter and pay off the men. Three  days following the announcement was  made that the smelter would on the  following day resume operations, but  that all men applying for work must  sever connections with the'union before obtaining employment. This demand, as might have been expected;  the men h  ' , ABSOLUTELY REFUSED  to comply with. Desperate .efforts  have been made to .fill their places,  but the smelter still remains closed.  That intimidation was used has been  olearty dlsproven by many affidavits,  and' also by the fact that the citizens  of Northport, including the Mayor, the  companies' choice at that, and a man  whose business Is such that he is under no obligation to the men, are  unanimously dn sympathy with the  strikers. The miners in Rossland, realizing that this last movement was  a blow aimed at the "vitals of unionism, not alone* in Rossland, but In all  British Columbia, took active sides  with .the union In Northport. furnishing funds and other assistance, realizing that a dofeat In Noithport meant  tlieir turn next. With what has occurred since my departure, I am not  familiar, but he latest news Indicates  that what might have been expected'  has occurred. A strike is In full swing,  which (is backed up by the XV. F. of  M��� consisting of 100,000 members, .with  a copious supply of funds on hand,  promises to be a. bitter and protracted  one. and it might pertinently be asked  here, Hins not the time arrived when  it is the duty of the government to  intioducc and by judficlous legislation,  either In the lino of compulsory arbitration, or the setting of a minimum  wage,  put  a stop   to   this    Industrial  warfare? Millions of dollars are annually squandered in this useless  strife, valuable lives are sacrificed,  homes made miserable, women and  children reduced to the brink of starvation, simply because some stubborn,  unreasonable malinger or unreasonably  stubborn (as Is sometimes the case)  worker cannot dictate his own conditions to the other follow. I will next  call the reader's attention to Hie  WAGE  SCALE  outlined  In  the paragraph alluded to.  which I am prepared to prove Is Incorrect,   and   I  believe   formulated   with  nn Intention to deceive.  In the first iplnoo *3 per dny Is not  the standard wages for miners In most  ctinips In the mountttln region, hut  t3.H0, for machlncmen and 93 and $3.50  for hammermen, -whilst muckers receive $2.50 to 93.50. Whilst wages range  slightly helow this rate In California,  where living is 40 per cent, lower than  In Rossland, in Virginia and other  camps in Nevada 94 do the standard  wage for "all underground worlt. The  same rule obtains ln many camps ln  Arizona.  In CripWe Creete the stan  dard wage is $3 to $3.60 for hammermen, '$3.50 for uiachlnemen, and $2.50  to $3.50 for muckers for eight hours  work. In Butte and other large Montana camps the wage for all underground workers is $3.50 per day of  eight hours. In the Kootenays, B. C.  the standard wuge is $3 for muckers,  $3.23 for hammermen, and $3.50 ton  inuchlneincn. lu iltossland the standard wage ran 30 cents per day below  these rales, being $2.50 for muckers, $3  for hammermen and $3.50 for machlne-  niMi. In two or three of the principal  mines the contract system partially  prevails. Contractors, consisting of not  one-thlid of the men employed 'underground, are mailing $1.25 per day, but  are easily doing one and a half day's  work for that amount, lt is the opinion of practical miners conversant  with the situation that at the price per  foot paid, and It has dropped' 30 per  cent, ln the last year and is still declining, with an average day's work,  $3 would scarcely he the standard. If  a. man cannot make a certain average  he istold to take a walk, the result being that each Individual is compelled  to ,  CUT HIS FELLOW'S THROAT  in order to hoid his-job, and some writers iby adopting .the scale of the contractor  who  does  nearly  double   the  average amount of work try to convey  to  the world  the impression  that  the  standard  wage in 'Rossland' is higher  than elsewhere, andi that the men are  unreasonable  ln  asking an   increase,  when  the 'fact Is  they  have a  legitimate reason for complaint.   Opinions  differ as to the reason why the managers have for some time been trying  to foment trouble.   There Is no difference of opinion as to Its being their  object to do so.   Some hold that they  propose to use lt as an excuse to cut  wages; others again that a general disruption of organized labor Is the object. , But to my mind there ds an additional   reason that  has >ben   partly  at least lost sight of, and that ds the  ever-valuation   of   the   B.   -A. "C.   and  other stocks on  the  English market,  a  result  of  exaggerate'^ reports sent  across the water by the managers, aided by Rossland wild-cat promoters, in  order to  create a demand   for their  wares.   Promised   dividends    not   ma-  teiiallzing, labor troubles become very <  useful.   A three million proposition can  hardly be expected to pay a dividend  regularly on a forty million "valuation.  When the B. A. C. and   some   other  properties   in  Rossland   are  managed  by reasonable  conservative   'business  men, who will not assume  THE ROLE OF DICTATORS,  and are ready to meet their men as if ���'  they  considered   them  human ibeings  and  not  beasts of burden, possessing  no rights which they are bound to respect, and not by professional disrupters of organized labor, imported from  the   United   States   for   that   purpose,  labor troubles in 'Rossland will cease,  and the best mining camp in the Dominion will be rated ot its true value  in the markets ol the world', and peace  and prosperity will again smile on that  unhappy community.        C.  FOLEY.  Toronto.  LABOR DAY.  We learn from our numerous exchanges that all over the country elaborate preparations are being made for  the celebration of Labor Day. This  is the proper thing lo do, as it is our  day, and we ought to celebrate It, and  1n harmony, too. Vancouver, New  Westminster._Nanalmo,- with -Victoria, -  at the latter city, will Jointly celebrate  the day. A monster excursion from  this city Is on the tapis, and our ueo-  pie will go down to the city beside the  sea in swarms. Already the boys in  large numbers are starting-to "save  up" for the trip and will not take a  day off till the first Monday In September. The Committee at Victoria  are working like Trojans, and if labor's  carnival Is not a success lt won't bo  tholr fault, but thon the celebration ,  is hound lo be n .��ucce.��s and no mistake. Secretary MeXlven was In this  olty this week and is sanguine of a  big demonstration. He is the same old  large-hearted "Jim."  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  GET A NEW COUNCIL.  To tho Editor of Tint lNi>r.rKsnKNT.  Sir,���I read Observer's letter last  week with a great deal of satisfaction.  I agree with him now is the time to  prepare for a new city council. Wliy  not the Lalbor Party talke this matter  up right xaway? W. H. DAVIS.  Vancouver, August 8, 1901.  '���'ii  vl  '���' ij  ���m  *   . ',  1 r. >v- ~-.*>\ '"    ��� ,.-     ;   '    =      "','  -��� ���"'. ��� '- .'-.���".';L,<;-"'i;''->--j?ir' v. '-i.Vri  ,    ���'   /*  .,-,-*    .,.-,. \iy.'^ '.' .L;..  ���Y-V" - 'fJ$'0^ ?';.;',-:-*'v'tV-/--'  .*:*',.',?.-'.. :--;v'  *'."-I -���*'  ���;_',.   '., -jri -i  ,   -     ������'-        v-ii-���       ,i   .        ���    ���   -,, .>. i    ������  w*;'_,-���.'.- v* -'v.., \r- '-y '��� i,' ��� > -VjjpyU", i\ '.;���p-'.i.  $ THE IN!.)!•:I'lLXDKiNT.
i iii
Business Maunder
AT   312
VER,   B.   C.
:-i;bscrii*tions in advance.
"i week, 5 cents
ti'imths, 33 cents;
one year, *d.23.
month. 15 cenu; threo
six  mouths, 65  cciub;
.AUGUST 10. 1E01
General Manager .McNIcoll, of ithe C.
P. R., must "be a consumma/te ass or
he thirties the people of Vancouver are
a paok of fools. In an Interview with
a News-Adivertiser reporter  last  Sat-
.'.' urday lie said: "When questioned
about the tradkman's strike, Mr. McNIcoll said ittiait 'he had teen away
from his oflice four weeks, travelling
over the line nearly all the time, and
he liEd not observed that anything was
wrong. The line was in splendid
.shape. The run his train had made
demonstrated   this.   He  had   certainly
.seen by "the papers .that ithere was
some little trouble, 'but the line and the
traffic did not appear to have-^uffered
by it."   . ■'•..''
On 'the very day . on , which the
foregoing appeared in print the imperial limited was '23"thours late.; Ever
since 'the strike was ''.Inaugurated ,_the
through train has never ;! arrived on
"time,: being all the way from seven
hours late to cancelled. Furthermore,,
were he honesit he would-admit that
"the -roadbed is in anything 'but a satisfactory condition, so much so that
the 'trainmen, are commencing- to express   serious    alarm.   Mr.     MeNieoll
-.thinks he has the trackmen /beaiten,
but he .never .madea more.serious mistake in his whole life. And that re-
iminds "lis of a little story.''An Irishman; and a miile, got into a ..fight. .The
^Irishman ..was  just  'holding 'his'.'.own,'.
".when 'a stroke.,of  lightning' laid   the
-mule.low.   Pat, wiith. a; twinkle Jh his
eye, remarked:. "1 may not have'been
sole, to do you up mesilf, 'but I have
■..'p.r.verf ul. "friends .up,1 above."  -In- this
.instance Mr. McNIcoll is the mule.   He
.'very hurriedly  departed  for  the  east
.•the, other , day, . audi iby  ithe; time  he
:. makes a.,return visit to this city ihe
:'■ [Brotherhood of: Railway Trackmen will
ibe recognized.by Ithe C;' P. R., and he
. Iknows. the   forces   that   will'help.'to
.'bring.thls about. ,; ...:..   .'"[
.Elsewhere we iprint a very sensible
:'.article'-from the Toronto Globe dealing
with.:the strike situation. One paragraph reads that., someone In otlleial
..position on It'heC. P. P.. lias' momentarily lost his head.. That is true, and
has. always "been the case whon strikes
have been precipitated on the C. P.: R.
The,real difference between the .-'two
contending panties is the "'recognition
of. the .union.' After the-'.roadbed has
.become demoralized and Ithe public put
'to all sorts of inconveniences ithe union
..,...,,• /    •■■■...,       . .. -
will", be recognized and the affair set-
, tied.:  What then' will our flunky press
have ito say?
AVu reproduce below an article from
the  Toronto  Globe,  Canada's letuliiii;
as: must commend it to every right
thinking minil:
The   strike of, the Canadian Pacific
Kaihvay trncknien serves to show how
' seriously a small' niistake can injure a
•-great and prosperous enterprise.*   Mis-.
..inaua^cmeiitin any department, how-
■*', ever trivial it may 'seem, is beset with
the : gravest dangers. ., The Canadian
Pacific Kaihvay is a great national
undertaking, and Canadians nro justly
•i jiroiid of its continuous success, it has
liad.intuiy' dillicultios to contend .with,
and has faced them with 'courage, carrying every 'important project to a successful issue. Track and equipment have
been kept in excellent condition
throughout tlie. changing seasons, and
: ih spite of adverse climatic nnd physical
condition. Tlie passenger service has
been prompt mid cllicient, and the
freight department hits grappled successfully with the  problem of moving a
■'. great harvest in a limited time. The
faults which have developed nuiy be regarded as, inseparable from an uncontrolled monopoly, the result of an iiijudi-
.-clous bargain;and the subsequent neg-
lect of: the 'Government to adopt a comprehensive raH way, po^ ..The railway
has sin .excellent, reputation.', with the
teavelli'ng public,' standing among the
'; world's foremost  transportation enter-
:-'M: ./■:'.■■'■• '.-■■ "v"' ' •:■■•'.-..:..:*
prises, and il simply cannot afford to
sacrifice its , position, by continuing a
struggle with a comparatively Miuill
force nf laborers. The protruded failure
of,the company tu uff«r impartial nrlii-
tratii.n ul llie puiuU in dispute is hard
;u ivi'uiii-ilc wilh cuiiiiiioii sense or ordinary biiMness judgment. There is no
principle at stake,* for every department
ofthe service linn its union or lirntlier-
IihikI, i:tillinri/:i.-d to.i-uiuhu-t- business
iii'giitialioiis mi behalf uf the employees.
*_imiliir tvcu_:iiiliiiii mu. tin time be extended to the Trackmen's Union, nnd
the _iiti.il I he company can hope to accomplish by llie most protracted and
destructive conflict is a few years delay
in the establishment of a working agreement, wilh tne men through some form
of organization.
Kin ploying corporations, after experience with well-disciplined trade organizations, 'seldom wish to go buck to
anarchical conditions. Hut it is futile lo
discuss ,'hu merits and' demerits, of
unionism in this connection, when'.the
trend of industrial society is so strongly
in its present direction. Unionism we
are certain to have for better or worse,
nnd it is foolish to waste money and
property in struggles against recognition,
struggles which merely'bar the way to u
settlement uf the real questions at issue.
The Canadian Pacific Hhilwny has won
an excellent reputation by its treatment
of employees. But few difficulties have
arisen, and an attitude of fairness and
mutual consideration' has marked the
relationship of Ihe company to its working forces. This,reputation, and the
#>od feeling and fidelity itbroeds among
nil ranks of employees, are too valuable
to be sacrificed in a petty conflict that
entildbu ended nt any time by an offer
uf arbitration. Thu change of policy
lends the public to infer that 'someone
in authority has momentarily, lost his
head, or that some heads have become
,loo much enlarged with a sense of tlieir
own importance to reflect calmly on the
duties of their positions. Moil entrusted
with the nmiuigemeiit of a great railway
corporation cannot afford to have whims,
spites or resentments. Thpy nittst seek
the larger triumph of the enterprise
rather thnn'the temporary,triiimplicbver
their .employees.' Such advice may
appear presumptuous, but the men
'authority do, not" seom to realize ihe
seriousness of tlieircourseinthis matter,
ll-is futile, for thiv coiiipany to hide its
head'iii'ti bush. While on most lines in
Ontario nnd the east the service hits
been well maintained, reliable information from the western ..sections'*., indicates an; entirely, different "state of
affairs. The ..'.continuous repairs necessary i n our climate to keep a railway
track in. condition.: Iiavejicen, neglected
and it has become virtually imposssible
to"run passenger trains on time.. Train
hands have become restless through fear
for their-personal safety, and, although
such fear is no doubt, entirely groundless, its existence is*".a: fact -which jhe
authorities' must take into consideration. ' . • '" .■':   : ,   '   ..■: •'   ."
,.: Private letters have been received in
Ontario advising friends not to travel
over the fond till tlie strike is settled
aiid necessary-repairs . effected..'. The
solicitude which the" Managers: have
always shown lor the safety and enm-
forlof passengers is an. abundant guarantee that, no one will be exposed to
personal dtihgor. But"the'company'cannot afford to allow aV feeling of uneasiness to get riibroad, however groundless
it may be... The direct financial loss to
the company .through. neglecting truck
maintenance -will-be serious. .Every
day's delay increases the cost of repairing dainage, and the suspended outlay
on labor; and material for track maiii-
U'riiuice'will have'tb be more than made
good befortv the track is restored to its
former condition. , And this unsatisfactory condition has been allowed to
develop in the west just its ga 'rent' harr
vest is becoming ready; for shipment.
These considerations are urged without
taking 'accountof tlie loss and suffering
eiUaiicilinrTluT^l^knicn iinittHl'i'fi'lcT
pendents. If inachiiiery existed for
compulsory arbitration public opinion
would certainly warrant ollicial intervention in this case. Provision hasJieeii
made, for impartial arbitration- under
the auspices of the Liibor Department,
and why the company should longer delay thu submission of its case to a judicial tribunal., is', dillictilt to understand.
The mutter, should be settled equitably
and  without   further   delay.—Toronto
Globe.. -   .:.,,.:.  :,...:  tt"-:.'■'.
Dear! dear! AVill people never learn
sense. Here come some nasty circus
people fnoin .the United States and set
our city council all in a fuss. Physicians "will tell you that mental worry
is extremely itrylng, especially so in
advanced cases of senility. It was all
brought about by the circus people removing some half dozen blocks from
the pavement ou Hastings Street-to
make secure the trapeze for "the only
und original Austin sisters." Now
this hurt oiir city fathers and these
holes were made the subject of a trying debate. However, the show lecturer with his long words was too
much for them, and ithe holes are sitlll
doing business at the old stand.
But this wasn't enough, and 'the Province lights into the mayor and hits
htm a Jab in the epigastrium that
pretty nearly put him out of 'business.
His worship was asked ito take the
lead in the wild animal exhibition on
Monday morning ooid he refused. Now-
just imagine our solemn mayor—and,
my gracious, he can lotfk solemn -when
occasion requires It—riding at "the head
of tihls 50-cent circus ln robes of state
beside the Queen of 'the Carnival lu
a paper crown. Just "think of it, dear
leader, and then'tremble for your country and Its insfil'tutlons—including the
street fair. .'".        ■':'.
But this refusal didn't suit ithe editor
of the Province and president of the
circus, so he proceeds to remind the
mayor 'BhatOhe needn't get a swelled
head, -because 'he moves in an exclusive
set he isn't the whole cheese, and that
If he knew his business he would move
around among the pleb'ians once In a
wihile and talke a "rubber"''at the
lico-chee koo-ohee girls and thereby
show that he was lone of the boys.
Why did; not'themanagers of the circus set aside;an Iron cage,.and invite
•tlhe whole council. This, would have
proved a great attraction and would
have preserved: them from harm at
the -hands of the master printers.
The Newest Assortment in
Wash Dress Fabrics
are here in great array. And lt Is a
gi-a'/nl sight, for gathered here are the
best and most stylish products of the
looms of England, Scotland, France
and Switzerland. To these are added
the wash goods beauty of our own
laud and  tlie United States.
Our long experienced taste has been
exorcised In selecting the groat stock
that 13 here for your Inspection. Tho
demands of fashion have been carefully met, and our showing Is well worthy
of your attention.
Quality, of course, is the most Important point, and it has received our
careful consideration. But beauty of
design and attractiveness of pattern
have also been carefully attended to,
and. as regards the matter ot price,
ycAi'll find they are"prlced as we price
all our merchandise, with an eye to
your satisfaction.
Visit our wash goods department
and get acquainFed with the good
things we are offering.
/lit ■&ritytieJes <z*c ■e^Thfi^v'V.cd/ -vflS--
Jn& /urn/ dsr-vnJioiisii if •
The Grand Forks News Is the latest
'publication to enter the Held of Hi C.
Journalism. Its initial number, eight
pages of five columiiH each, appeared
Inst Saturday, nnd Mr. E. D. Hall la
manager.. .The-letter press and typographical ; appearance are up-to-date,
wtiiluh fact speaks highly for the new
enterprise.-.As a rule papers In B.'C.
are unpro-ltaible to their owners, but
we sincerely 'hope that the News will
flourish and.make money for its pro-,
moters. ■'• • X. X '-'.'■-. -
The Manitoba Free Press issued an
edition of 40 pages last week,on the put-
look,of the wheat crop^vybich is estinia-
mated at the' enormous total of 52,0p0J0Q(.
bushels. ''■
.    DKBS  AND. THE POETS.   ,
A man may be known both  by bis
enemies 'and..''his friends.   .Tames M'hit-
comb£ Riley, the celebrated  "Hoosicr
poet," spciithis earlier life iu that part
of Indiana where Debs' home is located,
and these two gonial fellows are-warm
personal   friends; , When Piiley gave:a
reading some time ago in Terra Haute
he was Debs' guest, ainKnu odd looking
pair they must have made passing along
tlie street—Debs .with  his six feet: two
inches of altitude,'-- and Itiloy with  his
live feetfour, of frail "physique.   Naturally enough. Ri ley , wrote a poem, a obut
the town; and of course he put: Debs
in   it.    All   readers   of  his . published
poems will recall the one entitled " Rc-
gardin' Terry if lit," and  the verse1 with
the tribute to Debs: ..■■.■"■.' 'v.:.';-,";
"And tliui'v's'Obiic Dubs—n limn'nt stands.'
And jusUiolds oiit in hi.s tu-o liiiuds ..
As warm ti lionrt iiscvcr bunt    .''•*••. .
iliuwixt here Und thu Ji-dgeiiicntsctit.",.,;
.,■ There is a little.story of' the brotherly
affection worth relating. 'Kiley;. was ill
and confined to his room. One day
Debs sent* him a' boquet of .the poet's
favorite': flowers. This -was:: Riley's
source of inspiration for the,poem,
"Tliem Flowers,"" which tells itsown
story':'  _       '-i[ .-;■ 'L "yi 'y'-'y'
TIIE.M l-'I.OWERS. -'V XX[ . . 'XJ
To My Good Friend Uutjenc V. Dobs.
Tnko u fuller 'ats sick und htid up du tlio shelf,
All slinky, and K'l'ntcd and port,--    -'    .^   —
And alt so knookud out he can'i liiiiitUd liJssolf
With a stiff upper lip any niore;     ,..,
Shot hlni u|i'h11 tilouo iu Iho gloom; of a room,
As'.daik us iho lumb, and ns glim,: X'.','
Ann ihen tnko aud souil lilm somo roses in
bloom, , X- '*'..
Aiidsyoiikin havo fun out o'hlnil ;- ,.:
You've seed hlni, '/ore now, when his llvor was
sound, -
And his appetite notched like a saw,        '
A elialin' you, mebby, lor rommieiu' round   •
With a bljj posy bunch iu your paw.
Hut you kotch him, say, when his health Is
away .:,,.', .'.,.*''... :, ''.'.-   . .'
J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.
The following sum has been received
up to date: •"'"... .
Am. uul I'rcvlnusly Aeknowleilgcd.
Clly iiiovery Siore...... .... ....
Ilr.tviii Itros	
Mfintjors of Soeial Labor Party .....
Win.(JiiJdstHn.....'........ ........
Clius. W'ooilward	
IlliiiKwiirih ><: Co..........—■■■	
Mat I. Storey '.-...'	
dole bawson. ( 	
1'*. Hii^'oiiibe....  ;	
Illaokl.urii House..—	
!•'. M. Wutzel ; ;
!•". Miuitz '.'.'...■;'.■.;•,.'.:
Lewis A Sills !■•.'	
J Horn.;i-.... ..-:.............,
G. W. Iliiiitlungs.....:;......■	
(*co  Hubsoii .........■;...	
.1. It. Itrmvil... ........;.......,
Clark A Itouerson :...•. ;
.las. Stark A Sons .......;...'.....:	
(i.Ij Allen...................\,..:..'.,
J.I.. Wax ..-;..'.'...H..;.'-.'....'..■'::'.*...■.'-..
c.n. U.......-..V..:.:,.......*:"......,
Tici'iViiiiil!! _!;!;.!■! ■.;•'.'.■.;;'.'.!•'.'."'.■'.'.■!!
V.'Si'riiulie  ... '...•.;....
The Anderson, 9iuilli Co. ........
A. Peterson. X '.'.....-.. ;v....
W..I. Cain..:... ..............*........
J ,,G. Kiiuglcr.....'.:.......'...........
S.'deniuy.......... ...............
,1.|W. Mills.;. .VI...X:..:.!.:.;....:...
J. li.(ir»y.'...';-..:-..'.'...'.iv;..'..■.■;.-...:.
Win. IiHiiigC'Der:.... ..v.......:......
fc_ v Larson.....;.....;.;;;::;	
■v. ri' YiVrvev.":'.':.';: ■!:!'!! .'■!"'!■! ".'\y'.'.
wm. Meitan........ ■; -. -...;:..: .•..■•;■'.....
K. Ilensoll...'.....,■-.■..,'....'..;....-.....
Kred. IMnlllpB:.-."..............;..'■;....
Geo. It. Maxwell..;;...........;......
, t Ilf" (HI
h no
2 on
'7 '.'5
2 Oil
2 on
■i on
2 (VI
; '.a oo
2 (111
1 00
.2 00
1 (10
'"■1 00
■ 1 (ill
'1 uo
1 00
1 00
1 00
'    I 00
-'.""1 (!0
■■■'..'-'   m
1 00-
.11 00
:i 00
..:!  Oil
'-* ■ 50
■;..." oo
V 60
"■; ■■•■  60
.-■.-:• :.'':fi(l
■•', -:   1   00
;:    10 00
-...lyl-Xy   ■ -... '.;■-' •.-   V. :;?1S5 25
In a few days the committee willcaU
on all. friends who promised" assistance
as well as  others,who0-have not  been
solicited;   ■;     ■     "j-  : .;■,
o    Dewar's special Linueur. also • •
o     ifehGT's BiacK LODei Liqueur wntsky
II. li. Mulligiui .t Co., L'rops.
C-r'>Klt  Outlet. V A  ANI>  C'AKKaLI..
Arlington  Hotel
Cordova St. West.
Ilenibiunrivrsfor liiueugiiiccrini,' trade
in Vaiioouver.
ci i o j c i*:s'r~——s^
Licjuors a nd Cigars
...'• KJrtt*-rlM^ rouit^ froiii'/lOct'ni'* ujt.
robt. huntly; " -; - p»?op
Union Directory.
C0IJNC1I_—l'reslddnt, John Crow; vice-
inchtdcnt, W. 3. LnmTlck; secretary, T. H.
Cross: Ilnancial sccretar>'. W. J. Beer;
treasurer, C. Crowder; statistician, W.
JIcKlssoclt: sersennt-iU-nrms, G. P. r#n-
festy. Srootlnsa—First nnd third Friday In
ench month, nt 7.".0 p.m., In Union hall,
corner Dunsmiulr and Homer streets.
Union, Local No. 23. President, Chas.
Ovc-r; vice-president, W. W. Nelson: re-
cordhiR secretary, Jns. 11. rerklns; rin-
nnelnl secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday
nt S.S0 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer
nnd Dunsmulr,streets.
No 226 meet the last Sunday ln eaoh
month at Union hall. President, C. S.
Campbell; vice-president, Ucorge Wilby:
secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box 6J:
treasurer, W. Brand: sergeant-at-arms,
Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.
If. WoodTuir, S. K. Rohh, J. II. llrowne
N. Williams; delegates to TrjJcs and
Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,
J. XI. Drowue.
• L	
Weets second mid fourth Wednesday of
each month, In Sutherland Hall, comer
Westminster avenue and Hastings street
nt S p. ni. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretnry, A. • G.
Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwulker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;
sentinel, F. c. O'Brien: delegates to
Trades and Lnbor Council: John Pearey,
Jns. Barton, Geo. Lcnfcfcty, G. Dickie and
J.   Howes.
PENTBRS and Joiners-Meets every second and fourth Thursday In Union Hall,
loom No. 3. President, Win. F. McKcn-
7lc, IST Ninth avenue; vice-president,
Hugh Wilson: recording secretary, A. E.
Coffin, 730 Nelson street; (liianclal secretnry. ii. s. Falconer; treasurer, George
Walker; conductor, Jns. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.
council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,
II. Wilson.
6 HiivIiik the Only Up-ln-Diiie Grill Itoom
"3 In H. "..which In.. Itself is.K guarantee
^   of n Virst-Clas; Hotel andltcslamaut . .
Seyniour Streeet,
v\"T_"liie's"(laTon"liIFlJiiciriTni istress,     ~
And then you can troi out yotirlllllu bokay
And not belusulted, XyuessI
You see, it's like this, what liis weakness Is,
Thmn dowers makes him think ol the days
01 his iniioeeni youih, aud Unit mother o' his,
And the roses she used tu raise; .    .
So here all alone with the roses you send,  „■ .
Ileiu' sick and all trltnbly and faint,;■;.
My eyes is—my eyes Is—my eyes is—old friend,
Is a—leakln—I'm blamed of Ihey uluil *
—James 'Vhltcumb ltlloy.
Ki^ht hours is enough for any man to
work in all indiislriill and iiivelianical
pursuits. Ninety-nine': men of every
hundred will admit the statuiiient, yet
some of them who nru employes want
tlieir men to keep ri>;lit on working ten
A Missouri minister told the truth
about a dead coiigrcssiniin while olllciiit-
yig tit the last sad rites. The friends
of the deceased will deprive him of
their funeral patroniige in,, future.
At the risk of being held for contempt
wo would like to know who in blazes is
Manager MeNieoll anyway? ...
The next great battle for ''-.woman's
suffrage will be fought in Iowa. Hat
pins will be the weapons.
A re-union celebration, of all'- the
fraternal societies of the Province will
bo held in this city on Saturday, 'Au-;
Siist ■ 21th.-; An elaborate-p'rosramme
has .been /prepared, 'it; comprises . a
grand procession, in the morning. .In
the afternoon.field and acquatie sports
will he held. ; J. G. Ure, secretary Ar-
caile.V- ■..■.'.'"• ."■."'"'      ;■".;..■""'■■.';'■"■;'.'.''.
Gold Seal Cahadian Kve is Seagram's
Grand-Old Rve.''. Onlyi' 50c bottle. Gold
Seal Liquor Company., .
Try. a bottle of Eisen fort, the sunshine - of: California; 50c bottle, at Gold
Seal Liquor Co., 7-415 Ponder street. *  >
Drjiik.Eed Cross Beer,'the beer that's
Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 dosi. quarts. Gold
peal Liquor Co.; 740 Pender street.
A large iininunt of space is now being
used by some of the Canadian press in
advising union mciV in Canada to cut
loose from any aflilialion with the
itnions in the United States.   Most of
I he papers giving, this advice to union
men have never before been noted for
their love of unions and unionism.
They appear to overlook the fact that
labor unions like the railroads have been
reduced to a business proposition and
recognize no flag nor boundary line, but
are run on the principlo(iof "united we
stand; divided we fall.". Canadian
workingmen have, full representation,
according to their strength, on nil boards
of managers of their respective unions,
and in some unions, notable the Western 1'ederation of Miners', they have n
larger representation than tlieir numbers would entitle thorn to. In case of
strikes or lockouts the great' trouble has
always been to keep' other. workmen
from coming, in to fill the placed of the
men out, and experience lias shown that
only by unionizing all laborers can that
be prevented.—Si'tvertoniaii.
There's n lively row in Han Francisco
over the controlot Organized Labor, the
"official organ" of' tlio unions. Too
many editors spoil the paper, as surely
as "too many cooks spoil the broth.".
It's a pretty,hard rustle for-one or two
men to.pay printers' bills and buy meal
tickets by conducting; a labor- paper;,
when half a dozen try it there's ; bound
to be a row.—-Union Kecofd.       !
Is a pure, wholesome beverage,
and .contains no 'harmful ingredients., ;.It.-is * highly recoin-
mended as a tonic for wc.tk and
-debilitated people.  ;
Sam Niwuitt..
.;...,...... .Mnnflger.
List of
Next Week.
Masscy-Ilams and Stearns
. .xx .-.—AT— ./
KENDALL'S; 328 Cordova St
The best placo hi II. C. tu liuvu yuur
.   Hloyele repaired.
next rvKUlitriillttiiK uf' tlio Hoard ol License
Coininlstliniera for tliu City ol Viincinivor l
slinlliipiily (orn triumlvrol llie Hotel I.leeiiBi)
at present held by me In connection with tlio
Ottawa House, niliiated at 012 render direct,'on
l-otti, Uloi'k 211. .Subdivision of District I^>t Oil.
In tliu snld City ul Vancouver, to Wm. Hallert.
(Sinned),     r ci[Ag DASUWAV. ..
Vancouver, July ill, 1001. ..'■■■     ;'\     ,.'.
next regular silting ot tho Board ol License
Commissioners lor tlio City ol Vancouvor, I
shall apply for a transfer of tho Hotel Llconso
for the premises situated oil Lot 12; Block 6,
Subdivision of District Lot 641, known as. tho
Savoy Hotel,'13.MS7-139I Cordova StreetLin tho
said City of Vancouver, to It. J. McDonald.
(Signed.) ■•: '■■    8. D. NESBITT.
Vancouvor,.Aug. 2,1901.:\>,.;
meets in O'Hrien's Hall,    the    llrst and
third   'Duesdnys  of each   month.     T.  A.
Phillip, president; ^\". J. Lamrick, scoi-e-
tnry,  2-IS Princess street.
F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.-
In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,
n. Altken; vice-president, C. A. Melville:
secretary, A. Rapor. Van Anda, B. C;
treasurer, II. V. Price; conductor, P.
Bint; warden, John Llnklator.
MACHINISTS—Heaver Lodse.'No. 1S2--
Meeis sccon'd and fourtli Wednesday la
ouch month in Union Kail. President,
Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, B.
Tlir.mlns, 720 Hamilton street; financial
secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour
street.    ,
AMERICA, No. ITS—Meets alternate
Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams; vice-president, Miss
Graham; rccordins secretary, II. O. Bur-
rltt: '.liianclal secretary, Trcmnlne Best;
treasurer, C. E. Neilson: scrgeant-at-
nrnis, J.  Dnoust.
No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall. Homer
stieet. every first and third Saturday In
each month at S p. m. Ernest Hiirn. president; Chas. Durham, secretary, S17 Har-
1 Is street.
DECORATORS, 'l^ocul Union No. 13S.
Meets every Thiirsilny tn Uifljor hall.
President, \V. P.ivlcr; vlce-.prcbldent, E.
Crusdi; recordiim'-secrotnry, C. Plndor.
17511 Eighth avenue. Fairview; llnnnclnl
scueiary, W. Stnnley, -till Keefer street;
tun surer. II. MeSorley; trustees, C. Irwin,  II. Cross and XV. Colo.
America, Local, No. 40; Vancouver, B. C.
President, Jai. Webster: vice-president,
It. F. McDonald: recording secretary,
Wm. II. Barne*.; corresponding secretary,
F. RawllniT, Bin (irnnvllle street, room 10;
financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 113 Powell
street; treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-
arms, F. Moylcs: delegates to Trades and -
Labor Council. C. J. Salter and F. Raw-
Meets the first Tuesday In each month
In Union hall. President, A. Kochel; vlee-
piesldcut, C. Crowder; secretary, G.
Thomas, Jr., IIS Cordova, street west;
treasurer, S. 'XV. Johnson; sergennt-at-
:11ms. J. XV. Brat; delegates lo Trades
and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.
for Setting, $1.5© for 13
Stock look First Prize at 1000 Poultry
Show al Vancouver.
Brockton Point     \u    j\    -T^-Krua
LightIiuiim.-. ".   U.  JONbS
Near to All Slcanliont Wharves and
Hallway Depots.
13(1 WATER ST.     .      •     VANCOUVER, II. C
Evcrvtlitii!; new and up-to-date. Electric
Light throughout. Hates, *1 lo .- n day.
Bpeelal rales for tho week or month.
<fL:"'-: Vancouver'!    Ploucor    Clothes
Jj      Renovator, makes...a; suit now. ..
X Dyeing and Repairing.
r£'; '.'..*.  216 Cambie St.; Vancoovkb. ; -. SATURDAY .-... AUGUST 10, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  O  . . . SIXTH . . .  SEMI-ANNUAL CLEARING SALE  STRONGER,   MORE  IMPRESSIVE,  MORE  POWERFUL  BV   FAR  THAN   ITS  PREDECESSORS.  Each department throughout Iho entire store contributes its full quota of  Bargains. The great price reducing" influence is felt throughout the��� five floors  of this mammoth store from basement to top storey. The sale includes everything in  Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Men's and Boys' Clothing,  Furniture, Carpets and Linoleums,  t Draperies and House Furnishings,  i     Millinery, Ladies' Mantles and Ready-Made Garments.  J SALE BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING AT 8:30 O'CLOCK.  T   Full particulars in daily newspapers.   Watch for them.  The Croat  Hudson's Bay Stores  A "J  A��<���������<������������� ����������������������<��<^������"��������� �������������������������������������������������� ����������������  A Stores of  <' The flreat  9      West  Corner  Granville and  Georgia Sts.  TIIE TRIUMPH OF  In reading over tlie changes whieh  have taken place during the last fifty  years both in the laborer and bis conditions, there is one thing that wo should  not forget and tlint is, these changes are  largely duo to a. change in public opinion  as to what the duty of the state is in  .these matters. *  ��� In the old days tbe old view was���and  there are finite a few who hold the same  .opinion still���tbat the state had no  -duty, no responsibility; and, therefore,  had no right to interfere in anything affecting tlie well-being of the citizens'.  With such the state could interfeie outside of itself, but within its own domain the slate should trust to the individual, and to private interest to look  .after tlie well-being of the citizen. All  Unit is changed, and changed, we De-  licve, for the. better.   To-day the state  ��� is regarded as a corporation, an association of citizens, bound together by com-  .mon needs and common interests.  The staters not atomistic, or a body of  .disjointed atoms, bavin;: no relation and  no duty to perform to each other, and  no responsibility for each others welfare.  The slate is a living organism, and the  health and prosperity of the stale depends upon the health and prosperity of  every member of the organism; and it  is, therefore, the duty of the state to mm;  that every member of the body politic  is in such conditions as will promote his  .or her best interests.  In a famous article published in the  Nineteenth Century as far back as 1SSS  and written by Prof. Huxley, that eminent mini said: "I am unable to see  thai civil swiety is anything but a cor-'  por.ilion established lor a moral object,  namely, tbe good of it1- members, and,  therefore, may take such  measures as  .seem fitting lor the attainment oi that  which the general voice declares to be  the general good. 1 conceive it to be  demonstrable that the higher and more  complex tho organization of the Social  body the more closely is the life of each  member bound up with that of the  whole, and tlie larger becomes the category of acts which cease to be merely  jiclf regarding, and which interfere with  the freedom of others more or le&s seriously."  These are true words, and wise is the  statesman who accepts their truthfulness, but it took a long time to train the  public mind to see that truth.  The triumph of socialism really begun  in 18-17, when the responsibility of the  stale was acknowledged for the welfare  of the weak and helpless, and when in  obedience to thai acknowledgement tlio  ��� parliament of (.rout Hritain passed the  Ten Hours act. Whenever a' thing ib  done on behalf of a class, it opens the  eyes to sco what others require, and demand to be done for them.  In spite of thu remonstrances and opposition of the capitalistic class, thu  parliament said we are responsible for  the well-being of these women and  children whom you employ. You have  turned u deaf ear to their complaints.  You have aeled ou thu assumption that  you can do anything you please with  them. Their condition is a disgrace not  only to the Christianity we profess to  believe in, but to our common "humanity. You will do nothing for them. We  must. Our higher consciousness, our  .nobler nature, reveal to us our duty.  And that duty the parliamentarians of  that time did according to their light.  What they did was no sooner done than  their attention was called to the condition of the man in the factory.  At that time a factory operative could  not make a bargain with bis employer  as to fencing of machinery, or ventilation, or sanitary conveniences, or safety  of processes. The master again did only  what was best for his own interests in'  these matters, anil that interest was bis  pockets. All these things for the bene-  iit of his workers meant an expenditure  of money, and that money he refused to  spend, and he vainly thought no power  outside of himself could compel him to  do what he was timvillins to do himself.  In obedience to the revelation 'of this  new idea in politics���for it was a new  idea then���parliament passed the necessary laws for tiie protection of the man.  Since 1S47 parliament has been adding  to this legislation, either by bringing  other industries under the factory laws,  or by passing some new law of protection. It may bo too much to say'that  there has been a method in this form.of  legislation, but it is now recognized that  it is tho stern duty of the state to safeguard its workers from the risk of ill  health or accident.  The latest examples of state interference is seen in tho Workmen's Compensation net, and in the regulation of  dangerous trades. In the one, the  workman can claim damages from the  employer if he has been hurt through  the negligence of his master, and in the  other the state claims the right for the  health of unborn children to prohibit  certain processes altogether.  The needs of life in towns and cities  have led to another manifestation of  state control. Many of my older readers can remember the awful epidemics  of cholera that Used to devestate our  mother land. These wero awful times,  and the suffering and misery were something appalling. Uod very often got the  blame of sending these scourges to punish men for their sins. The truth was  not known in these days, at least not so  well as it is known today. And the  ilien, the land lords, the slum owners,  who brought these terrible vesitations  often escaped the scourge which they  had brought upon men, women and  children who dwelt in their houses. It  was the same with bouse as with the  other things in these days. The competition between house builders was keen,  and a class of houses was put up for the  working people,1 that could be called  nothing else than breeding spots for  cholera and other contageous diseases.  Then the idea prevailed that the stale  had no duty to perform iu such matters,  (hut landlords, and house builders could  do anything they pleased without let or  hindrance. In the days when factories  sprout; up, and population increased,  tliu must unsanitary conditions imaginable prevailed. All this is changed today hy reason of state interference.  Tower has been given by the stale to  corporations not only to sweep away  these vilo conditions, but to make the  house builders conform not to his own  will, or his own interest, but to the will  of tbe law, and the interests of the community.  In these good old days, the control of  the water supply was generally in the  hands of private companies. Today-  thanks to state control���we have this  under municipal control. This change  suggested others. A similar treatment  is demanded of other natural monopolies, such as gas, electric light, tramways and ferries, and tho time is not  fur distant when all these things will be  under municipal control, and the sooner  the better for the people.  In other ways you see this idea working. The sewage and refuse of a large  city are bomething enormous. Today  some cities are working these, transforming them iiito useful products employing their own citizen1:, defying demand and supply, and supply their own  needs in the most prodieal manner  possible. '  The house problem is one forcing itself on tbe corporations of large cities.  Between the builder and the landowner  a terrible load of rent lies on the working classes. Tho thousands of people  for example, thatlive in Glasgow in one  room is positively startling. Yet the  cost of one room is all that they are able  to pay. The deleterious effects that  must follow tliis^housing and slumming  are only too patent, and when you add  to the scanty accomodations, a similar  kick oi light and air, ono can realize that  children born in such surroundings and  in such an environment cannot be  healthy, either physically or morally.  To-day large corporations are seeing  that this must end, and that it is their  duty to build houses for tlieir citizens  such houses ns will ensure for them  born in them, a sound mind in a sound  body.   More again.  PHIZ.  SOCIETIES RE-TJXION.  A re-un:on celebration of nil tlie  fraternal societies ot tlio Province will  bo held in this city on Saturday, August 24th. An elaborate programme  has been prepared. It comprises a  grand procession in the morning. In  the afternoon field and acquatic sports  will be held. J. G. Ure, secretary Arcade.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carr.ill and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Kninier beer, 5 cents.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our oOt: rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 7-16 Pender street.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Piluc Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Man's life is a game of cards. First it  is "cribbago." Next be tries 'Jto go it  alone" in n sort of n "cut shuflle and  deal" pace. Then heraises tho "deuce,"  Avbile bis mother "takes ahiindiii" and,  contrary to lloyle, "beats her littlo  joker with her live." Then, with his  "ditinonds," he wins the. "queen of  hearts." Tired of playing "a lono  hand," he expresses a dot-ire to "assist"  his fair "partner," "throws out .his  cards','and his clergyman takes ii., $10  bill out of him for a "pair."' She  "orders him up" to build the lire. Like  a "knave" he joins the "clubs," where  he often gets "high," which is "low,"  too. If he keeps 'straight' he is sometimes 'Hush.' lie grows old and 'bluff,'  sees a 'deal' of trouble, when he nt last  'shullles* off his mortal coil,\'passes in  his checks,' and is raked in by u 'Bpade.'  Life's game is ended and ho waits the  summons of Gabriel's 'trump,' which  shall 'order him up.'  ' For stomach trouble of any Wnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money badk. COc box.  McDowell, Atldns, Watson Oo.  JKST TO FISH.  Like t' bit iirouii' nml ll->h  Where tlio pleasant ii aicrs swish;  Like t' llu  Wilb my eye  Un tli' i'.y  An' juts natch lh1 trout begin  Tiiiiiblin', rolllu', fnllin' in;  Wlieru tliu pleasant uutcrj swish  Like I' loaf arolin' nn' llsh.  Like I' leave my cart's behind  An' escape llie dully grind-  Like I'llicnm  lly lh' Mieiuti  ���     Wlieru lisli seem  o Jess t' gleam  Underneath 111' summer sun <  IVlieu I've gul 'em on lh' tun;  Like l' leave th' dully grind  An1 my cure nil' work behind.  Like t' luku inysc'f an' go  Where tli' waieis, Mveet and 'low,  Tumlitc 'round  On lh' gruuud  Seven pound  Trout Hull's playin' In th' stream  Whole th' spotted beauties gleam;  Where lh* waters, sweet mid low,  Like t' lake inyse'i un' go.  Liko l' go out Jess t' flsh  Where th' waters swirl an' swish;  Liko I' bet  lly tlio wet  Au' forget  Every trel;  Liko I' set 'round au' dream  While I whipped th' tumbling stream;  Where llie waters swirl and swish  Like l' go out Jess I' llsh.  ���Denver Tutus.  SOCIETIES   RE-UNION. **>  A re-union celebration of all' the  fraternal societies of the Province will  be held in this city on Saturday, August 21th. An elaborate programme  has been prepared. It comprises a  Stand procession in the morning. In  the afternoon fie.ld and aequatlc sports  will be held. J. G. Ure, secretary Arcade.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender ^treet.  Xow, gentlemen, here is tho shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  The social democrats of Belgium have  issued a manifesto declaring that the  government must grant universal suffrage or face a revolution. Great demonstrations are taking place.  Five of the leading dailies in Japan  were suppressed for giving accounts of  the 'organi/.ation of the social democratic party in that country. What's  the difference between a czar and a  mikado,? '   f  Keir Hardie, II. P., recently delivered  a lecture on ."Labor and Politics." He  has great faith in the labor party in  England, Scotland, and Wales, and  predicts that there will be ten or twelve  Socialist-, in the next Parliament. How  many will we have in Canada ?  Organizations of workingmen have existed in some form or another from time  immemorial They have changed to  meet the changing conditions of industrialism and Mill undoubtedly continue  to change so long as the industrial system changes until all wealth, or its  equivalent, belongs to those who produce it. It is, a mistaken idea to  imagine that Ihe trade union is a modem institution. It has existed almost  from the time lhat labor bad wrongs to  right. It will continue so long as one  class of mankind looks upon another  class as a legitimate means of prey.���Ex.  B. Franklin of Detroit has recently  compiled a tabulated statement of the  number of persons employed at "waste  labor" in tho United States, which is  being widely copied and read. Ho finds  Iha't-a-total-of-o.OOO.OOO-persons-aro-so  employed in pursuits that could well  be done away with, or are already duplicated many times over, and his total  does uot include the army of the unemployed. "It is easy to see," says Mr.  Smith, "that if we nil worked in harmony, no one would have to work more  than four hours per day to maintain the  race in comfort and happiness." The  remedy suggested is Socialism, pure and  simple, as those who now waste their  labors could then use their power to produce something. Just think Ihis over,  you ducks who are now slaving away  for ninu and ten hours a day. Isn't it,  worth your whilu subscribing to our  organization fund to bring about a  four-hour workday?���The Worker.  Frank Carpenter still continues his  letters from Australia. In a recent one  he talked about the Government railroads of that country. When he asked  the men at the head of the system if  they thought it advisable for the government to own the railroads, thoy replied : "There is no doubt about it. Wo  are giving a better -service than the.private roads could do, and a cheaper ono."  When' asked about the political influence  upon  the employes,   they  said:  r  irggsBt-B-aia^.'^^  9-*>-  Ihe favorite Smoke  **  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Whv? Because it is Union Made.  e<*r  J Turner, Beeton if* Co.  I Wtiolenalo Agents  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NBLSON, B. C.  P. 0. BOX Stt). 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan e�� Co,,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS j  Branda:  ^MONOGRAM, MAKGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Comer Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ���"^flJ-JMSaBHEWKI  " We are careful to* do justice, and hold  a court every other Wednesday, at  which discharged or punished employees  can appeal if they have grievances.  Tlicre are many such' appeals, and  about one-third of them are settled in  favor of the men. We have an eight-  hour day, and pay about the same  wages.you do in America, the men have  better truiitment; we have a civil service, under which no man can be removed without cause. The railroads  pay a profit of three per cent, net into  the public treasury, and are capitalized  at only'the cost of construction."  The loyal trades unionist will take a  day off on September 2.  The people get it in the neck whichever way they turn. In tho matter of  legislation they pay hundreds of men to  make laws and a few men to set them  aside.  The Patriarch defines "dirteaters" as  "those who have no particular object in  life���are not self-reliant. They go in  for a steady job, 'wages no object' whatever; they assume no responsibility,  but plod along in a state of subserviency,  all their greatest aspirations being to  please their master." There could be  no better definition of what union men  call "scabs." -    ���  John Houston and other heavy losers  in the journalistic sink hole are exerting themselves to promulgate the fact  tbat newspapers in Kootenay do not  pay. This truth is so self-evident that  it is a waste of time to advertise it.  Any man with sufficient observation to  recognize thai he i.s alive can see for  himself that the newspaper industry in  this glorious climate in a frost. British  Columbia has more literary productions  to the population than any other region  on the outer crust" ol thi�� terrestial  sphere. These papers do not pay now  and never can be made to pay, for the  simple reason that the population of the  mine camps will never be sufficiently  dense to give them a field.���The Paystreak. ,  A Blusy &tore  This is a remarkably bus> store���has lieen lor  weeks���more particularly, oi course, since the  hot weather begun.  The gallons und gallons oi Ice Crcnm we have  sent out to be eaten iu the homes oi Ynncou-  vcrites, to say nothing oi whnt lmve been eaten  in our refreshment parlors, is astonishing.  People know a good thing when they eat it-  Ice Cream, -IOc quart in pastoboiird boxes; JOc  quart packed in ice and delivered.  Baker and  Confectioner,  ���IIS Hastings- Street   BRANCHES: llench House, No. I Arcade,  .Telephone 307,  ��u|)|}ly  From Their Nauiitnin.bouthllold aud  Protection island Collieries,  Steam, Qas  and  House Coal  OI the Following Grades:  Double Screened I_-u____p,  Run of the Mine,  Waalied Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  TEL. 346.  Steam Puffer. -  It's our special machine lor ironing  the lnsldes ol sleeves and Insertion  work.  Goods Ironed by it retain all the original criiyi newness that marked thcia  tha day oi their first appearance.  Blouse Machines.  ingenious affairs lor ironing ladles'  blouses. We have expert operators  trained in this particular brunch who  turn out beautiful work tlm. cannot  possibly be equalled by the old-fashioned hand ironing.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  Piione 3-16. 910^* 914 Richards St ,  white laboc only.  and  PACIFIC  World's  Scenic  BSoute  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOR JAPAN AND  CHINA.  Empress of China July 8th  Empress ol India  July 29th  Empress of Japan June 17th.  and every lour weeks thercalter.  SAILINO FOll HONOLL'LD AND AUSTRALIA.  Moana  May31st,  Mtowera June 28th.  Aoraugi July2oth  and every lour weeks thcreaiter.  For further particulars as to time rateB etc.,  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAJIES SCLATER,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C..  \  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.-  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  if  tfl  4\  Jo V> u .   , '  '���-'���<.i:$WZ't!j*-''x  '     >       .    >,T *J "* >    ' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY AUGUST 10,- IMS'  cam��� laror notes.  Land sales for the montfri of July by  the C. P. R. land department amounted to 49.0S9 acres, for $151,616.84, an Increase of 523,163.43 over the same month  Jast year.  The Painters' and Decorators' Union,  ��frTononto, have taken up the matter  of alleged blacklisting of strikers from  Casey's shop. It Is not probable  though that a general strike will be  ordered.  A lialf dozen men employed by the  Hamilton Steel and Iron company as  ���Toughers"' or rollers, went out on  strike at tlie call of the Amalgamated  association. Hy going out the nien  threw nut about 13 of their fellow-oni-  ployurs.  The trouble with the stone-cutters'  at the Palace hotel, Toronto, is not  likely ito iluvelop Into anything very  serious, at present at all events. The  bricklayers on the job are still at  work, and it is said are not likely to  be called oif unless imported non-union  cut itone arrives.  The inland revenue department at  '' Ottawa will issue a bulletin endorsing  the opinion of medical men that canned salmon should be stamped with  the date on which the llsh has been  put up, and that it should not be kept  for sale beyond a certain number of  years, on the ground that it is liable  to deteriorate and become dangerous  to health.  The Hon. James Fisher, ot Winnipeg, Man., says, regarding the crops  Jn Manitoba this year, that all that  lias been written about their magnificence Is quite within the .mark. The  (prospects were never so brilliant, and,  if no frost intervenes, harvesting  should start by the 13th of next  month. In his opinion wages for liar-  "\nest hands will go up to $2.30 to ?3 a  "day.  The president of the London, Ont.,  Cigarmakers' union, in connection rwitli  ithe strike at the Vallens cigar factory, denies the statement of the management that wages do not enter into  the dispute. The president says that  the men haive been askedi to do extra  work for the same money. They have  only been getting $13 per 1,000 for tlie  work for which the Cuban cigarmakers receive $17.50, and in addition they  have been asked to prepare their own  binders.  The United Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners, at ���AVinnipeg, have  elected the following ofllcers: President, George Ireland; vlcejpresident,  Robt. Bell; recording secretary, J. R.  Cunningham; financial secretary,  Thos. Ritson; (treasurer, 'A. A. Eggo;  conductor, J. J. Lambert; warden,  Fred. Maurer; trustees, George Ire-  Hand, XV. Ross; auditors, E. Leigh, W.  IWhlte; delegates to trades and labor  council, II. Albert, It. Leigh, R. S. K.  ���McMillan.  As a result of a conference between  representatives of the striking brass  moulders, or Toronto, and the affected  firms, an amicable settlement has been  made. (Representatives were present  from the firms where strikes SiaJve been  in progress. The strikers were represented by E, j. Lynch, of New York,  president of the International Metal  ���Polishers' and Platers' union, and A.  (W. Holmes, of the executive committee of the International Association of  Machinists. It was decided ;,that the  imen should return to work at the same  scale of wages which they were receiving before the strike, and the employers -will grant the men the shorter hours they requested. The moulders' strike was inaugurated the early-  part of June. At lirst, the brass moulders went out, and,, as the strike progressed, the patternmakers, coreinak-  crs and brass -finishers went out also.  The 'brass moulders demanded an in-  --crea3e-from-$1.73-to-fi2-per-day-to-$2.50  all round, and a nine-hour working  ���lay.  work in sight.   H'its orful, simply or-  tful."  Sands says that in June last an  advertisement appeared in  the Liverpool Mercury for from eighty to a. hundred  machinists  and ��� boilermakers   to  work on the Canadian Pacific railway.  He went, he says, to the Canadian Immigration olllce, signed some kind of a  paper and two hours later, with ninety  other men who had been engaged in  the iboilei'inaking business In Liverpool,  was   aboard   the  steamship   Megniitie  sailing for Canada.   The nien had been  told thut the C. P. It. was building a  new    road   and    wanted    them to do  bridge an pontoon work, and that nny  sort  would  do,   an!   that  they  world  receive  In  Canada  23  cents  an  hour.  All their expenses to this country vero  paid by tlie company, but the amiitiii;  advanced   was  to  be  returned   la  ibe  company   In   Instalments.   IC.ich   man  had  been  trained    in  one    particular  branch  of bollermnking, and  machine  work,  and  could  do  nothing rls-i.   In  the C. V.  li. shops In  Winnipeg they  were    required      to    ��� know    several  branches,  and  the  work was entirely  different from anything they had ever  "tackled"  before.   The inevitable happened.   The  men either quit or wore  discharged.   Sands and another young  fellow  left  their  boarding  house  and  have since had the "key of the street."  They had  not a penny and  could get  nothing to eat. nnd finally applied und  obtained  temporary relief.  ��� MISREPRESENTATIONS.  ���A .recent Winnipeg despatch says:  Hungry, discouraged, half dead1 for  Bleep and "strangers In a. strange  land," a number of British machinists  nnd boilermakers have 'tramped the  atreets of "Winnipeg looking for work.  They were brought to this country to  ���work for the Canadian Paclllc rail-  ���way, but, It appears, were found to be  ���unfit for the work, nnd cither loft the  shops or -were discharged. Exhausted  nature asserted herself, and the machinists applied to Olllcer Alexander  Poison for assltnmce. He saw that  they were 1n .Immediate need of a  "square meal," and sent them, down to  the coffee house on Lombard Street,  where the proprietor was told to give  them all they wanted to eat. Harry  Sands,' one of 'the unfortunates, told  a Telegram reporter the story of their  hard ludk lost evening.' "Blow me,"  he said, "h'ita the worst ih'ever. "Ere  nre are thousands of miles from 'ome  without a 'blaomin'  farthln' hamd no  THE POLITICAL REFORM UNION.  The convention of .Independents called for Uie purpose of forming a new  political organization, which was held  at Winnipeg'last week, was a complete  success. The attendance was large and  the best of feeling and harmony prevailed. The outcome was the inauguration of tlie Political Reform  Union. 'AH parts of Manitoba were represented an the gatlhering, and the  farmers were enthusiastically in favor  of the project. A resolution, proposed  by A. W. Puttee, M. P., and Mr. Van-  blaricomb was carried 'Unanimously.  The committee favored a platform as  shout as possible, and it was adopted  as follows:  1. Direct legislation.  2. Public ownership of natural monopolies.  3. Abolition of the spoils system and  the administration of the civil service  by an  independent commission.  The electton of oilieers then took  place and resulted as follows: President���J. H. Haslam; flrst (Vice-president���W. Campion; second vice-president���R. L. Richardson; executive���  Geo. Freeman, Elkhorn; J. XV. Scalllon,  Virden; B. A. Van Blaricomb, Arden;  W. A. Robinson, Elva; Alexander Mc-  Curdy, OTandan; T. XV. JCnowles, Emerson; W. H. Bewell, IRossor; Wm.  Scott, A. 'Macdonald, A. J. Andrews,  A. W. Puttee, M. P., Winnipeg; John  Graham, Roland; N. T. Saunderson,  Holland; Robert Fisher, Springfield;  E. Olafson, Winnipeg; A. E. Christian-  son, Giinli; Araii .Sveinson, Glenboro;  A. Sutherland, Rockwood; Thomas  Usher, X, Intra then; T. D. Robinson,  Winnipeg; R. M. Wilson, Marringhurst;  D. McQuaig, Portage la Prairie; S.  Rhorasson, Winnipeg; Jas. M. Hackney, Morris; Ambrose Wilson, W.  Rogers, Carberry.  A series of resolutions were put  through and the convention adjourned  at G o'clock. The executive committee  met and elected J. R. Haney secretary,  and R. West, treasurer. It was decided to endeavor to ^procure the services  of XV. XV. Buchanan as organizer.  Tlie AVinnipeg Voice says of the new  union: "The Political Reform Union,  which was organized In the city during  the past week, starts out on a field  that is ripe for its work. Its platform  Is short and as far as it goes is in harmony with the principles that the labor movement stands for. Its birth Is  the outcome of united action on the  part of labor men and business men  ln~the~city"aJid"farif_ey_rre"__reTenta��ive"  of all parts of the province. If it does  not take up the advanced position that  the former would wish it to, it is because it is limited b.v the diversity of  its component parts and will seek rather to make effective the present  ideals of the people than to educate  them to higher ones. As an Independent political movement lt should be  welcomed by every person who has  given 'that attention to current Canadian 'history that ihe should do, and  ought to be able to rely on the support  nnd endorsation of every patriotic social reformer."  AMONG THE BAKERS.  Dallas, Texas, is the latest place to  abolish night work in bakeries.  Several new unions hiuve been organized in eastern Canada and the  States. ,;  San Francisco���The strike is still on  against the scaibbaikeries, there being  19 on the boycott list. The journeymen  haive established a co-operative bakery,  and are being well supported.  The strike at Paisley, ri.'otlatul, has  been laverted, most of the -masters  ���having conceded the demands :>f the  union. Johnstone & Barheiul, masters,  halve also made the concessions. For  machine shops there will now be a 50-  liotir week, Instead of 52 1-2, and for  -small shops a 32 1-2-hour week instead  of 53. In the matter of holidays the  masters have also made certain concessions.  The journeymen of Leeds, England,  are asking for the abolition of night  work, a 34- hour week, and overtime at  the rate of lime-anil-a-half for time  worked beyond the 31 hours; also  double pay for work on such holidays as good Friday and Christmas.  A perusal of thoisuhedule of the New  Zealand union shows their working  time to be 51 hours a week, the hour  for starting work being not earlier  than 4 o'clock a. m., except Wednesday and Saturday, and the day preceding any public holiday, when it  may be one hour earlier, namely 3  o'clock. Iu amy house where dough  machines aro used the dough men only  may start one hour and thirty minutes sooner.  If overtime is 'required, time and a  quarter is paid up -to 6 p. m., and time  and a-half up to 10 p. in.; no work to  be done after that hour, hot cross bun  night excepted; for which double time  ds paid. Sunday sponging covers all  holidays, and any 'man working on a  holiday is paid 'time-and-a-h'ulf, besides  weekly wage.  pencil run through the palm of his  hand. He will be.^-off duty a. few-  weeks.  The olerks of Whatcom held a successful excursion to this city on Thursday. . ,  THE  MACHINISTS.  The machinists' union will hold a picnic at North Vancouver on Saturday,  August 17th.  A special meeting was held last  Wednesday night to receive the report  of delegate Wm. Rae, who attended  the late Toronto ^convention. Tills  gathering was one of the largest and  most Important ever held by the machinists. The local union will have all  n.i old books closed and new ones  opened In accordance with the new  p'gulutions adopted by the international  body.  Answers were received from all the  employing machinists, excepting one,  f.i.voniible to the new rules governing  the apprenticeship system. One to the  shop and one to every Ave journeymen  ��III be allowed.  Among this lot nre some Clevelands, Tribunes and Columbiaa.  ^  -All aro in good condition,  n  few are almost new.   Very low A  prices to clear them out. Y:  , 126 Hastings St. >  SOLE AGENT XXX-i '*$>'..  CLEVELAND AND TRBBUNE B1CYLES.     $  A recent Vienna despatch says that  tin- Austrian government, replying to  llie isltoemakers who had appealed for  a prohibition of American competition,  declined to Interfere. As soon as the  decision of the government was known,  representatives of a Philadelphia firm,  wlio ill a d been waiting, completed arrangements to take sixteen shops.  They will place themselves under the  protection of the United States embassy if endangered by the threatened  violence.  McLennan,  Mtef ecly & Co.  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  --> Hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  SIXTY MILES OF SALMON.  The sookeye salmon run every four  years. Nobody can tell how they know  their time. But when their time comes  they come. They come in untold mil1  lions, this year a solid stream of tliem  .sixty miles long. They push on up  Into the fresh waters, where they  spawn and die. They never return.  They follow an (Inevitable and irresistible law of nature. This year is "The  biggest run on record." Into every  river's mouth from the Columbia to  the Fraser, and on along the Alaska  shores, these unnumbered throngs of  the finest Ifish In the world come back  from their ocean homes in obedience  to the law of their 'being.  The Law of the' Trust.���This custom  of the salmon furnishes us a SDlendid  cartoon. For the small capitalists are  like the salmon. They, too, ln obedience to inexorable law, are on the  home stretoh into the jaws of death.  Karl Marx said, 40 years ago: "One  capitalists always Idlls many." It is  a whirlpool race now from which no  small -business man can draw Iback.  He is like the salmon. He must obey.  The most momentous fact of the century is the disappearance of the small  capitalist. This as "the biggest run of  the season." The middle class is disappearing into the maw of the big capitalist class. There are practically  only two classes left���the capitalist  class and the .propertiiless class. Two  political parties represent them���the  republican party and the socialistic  party. To which do you belong?���Seattle Socialist.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other insects���for sale by the McDowell, Atkins, Watson Company, The  Druggists, Vancouver.  For the next 30 days you  enn get a suit at  your own price at ^'  THE>   ACME  To introduce our uew system ot tailoring before our Fall Stock arrives  21 Georgia St.  C. L. Holland, Cutter.  -KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  DSP Headquarters for   Domestic aiid Bm-  tiorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  r��  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for"  ONE WEEK.  9  IO Cordova St  SOCIETIES RE-UNION.  A re-union celebration of all the  fraternal societies of the Province will  be held in this city on Saturday, August 24th. An elaborate programme  has been prepared. It comprises a  grand precession in the morning. In  tlie afternoon Jield and aquatic sports  -will_.be-held J.-G-Ure,-secretary,-Ar-.  cade.  Vlcoipiesldent Sinclair presided nt  the mooting of the Brotherhood of  Carpenters and Joiners Thursday  night. Considerable amount of business was disposed of.  XV. J. MocKay, an old-time B. C.  printer, returned to Vancouver from  an extended trip In the Yukon via St.  Michaels Inst week.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guar-  nnued to restore falling appetite and  correct, any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  THE CLERICS.  The Clerks' association received a  letter at Its last meeting from the secretary of the International body. It  lias been decided by that gathering  held at Buffalo recently that organizers will be placed in the field all over  the -country. In cities of 1100,000, and  over business agents will be appoint-  ed. Special attention was paid to tho  societies of British Columbia. The lo-  cal unions appointed Secretary W. J.  Lamrlok unnnlmously ns organizer for  this district, The death benefit has  been Increased fiom JGO to 4100. The  late International convention has been  the largest and most successful ever  held  In Its history.  One new member was made and  three more applications were received.  A committee was struck to look after  the enforcement of the new early-eJos-  ing by-law.  Nearly all members are at work.  Alex. Calder, of the city grocery,  met with a severe accident last Sat-  urtlay afternoon, Wanning had a Sharp  YOU'LL be pleased to know that you eau get  �� HAWES �� HATS TOR $3  I right hero in Vancouver now. No necessity lor sending away for them. We are  j the sole agents foi these famous hats. We have them In three stvles���tho Derby  I shapes and the Fedora in high mid low crowns,���in bk"k only. And we sell them  I at exactly the same price as they are Fold in the United States.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> CO.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers,  Hatters and Metis's Furnishers,  104-6 CORDOVA STREET,  VANCOUVER..  Trunk Store 127 Hastings St., 0|>|>. Wm. Ralph's.  The Biggest  Demonstration  Ever Held in the  Province . . .  TENNIS, CRICKET, CROQUET,  HAMMOCKS, FISHING TACKLE,  BASEBALL, LACROSSE,  BOXING GLOVES  AND PUNCHING BAGS, ETC.  521   Hastings-  Street.  Charmer Leaves  C. P. R. Wbarf  Sunday, Sc|jt. flst  at 9:30 j). m.  fare:  $2 Return  Children Half Price.  JOHN LOGG,  Chairman Committee  *  J. B>. fVf'NIVEN,  Secretary Committee,  Victoria, B. C.  Fruit Season!  This is the time of the year, yoii  need Preserving Kettles, Fruit  Presses, etc.. so yon would do  well to cull and see our prices  before buving.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Uousefurnishings,  406 and  408  Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  Telephone 651.  Western Cartage Co  W. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all  Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN f OR WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Canbla Street.  BOtfS   WANTED.  "While ive have no difficulty placing-'-  all our young ladles into position, we ���  are always short of boys aniJ young'  nien. Last February we had 6S at the*,  college; last week we had' lo send' out ���  ot town lor a young* .man, and two po-  sitions-are-stlll-golng-bogging.���Traln^"  ed boys are always ln demand at good ���  pay.  The II. It. A. Vogcl Coiumcrciiil College  P. O. Box 347. ��� Vancouver, B. C. ���  A. ML TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���^  Consulting Meclianieal Engineers  MO Cordova St. W��� Vancouver, II. C. Tel. 76'-  rntontccs nnd ilCBlKiicra ol tho Hardie-  ;ubo    '"  _.....   __. UK cur ,   -,   machinery lu light suctions lor mlno..  Thompson water tube boiler, now high  B|>ucd   rovcrsliiK oiikIiioi, ami spec ml  Phofei.leh.. IIesionku.  Enoinks Indicated and  Adjusted.  Sole nitcntf In D. C. nnd N. W. Torrltorlon tor *  Mio I'nltiMl Flexible Mvlnlllc _l.b;il|i Co., Lid"'  London, Ktig.  Pastry and Cakes  FRESH  DAILY  o(j  MONTREAL BAKERY  WESTMINSTER AVENUE.-


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