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The Independent Apr 20, 1901

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Array td&sCo  <x     (^^O^aisLc^  fi&W YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  The oldest and largest Interna-   .  tlonal company m the wurUl.  Supervised by si governments.  Fred Cockburn - .District Mgr.  Fuck Hlock, Vancouver.  OTTAWA FlilE OTBAilTE CO  Authorized Capital . ?1,600,('00  SubuTibeil Capital - - .410,100  Government Deposit -        bl,Ouo  H. J. Mooriiouse,  General Agent for II. C. and Alberta,  :W and 31 Fltiek Hlock, Vancouver.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 20, 1901.  NO. 4.  OTTAWA LETTER,  (Specially Written lor Tun Inhki-kmiknt.]  Ottawa, April i), IttOl.  Since Wednesday night the Iioum-  lias been closed. Ka.ster Is quite :m  Important season In tlie East. Most of  tlie niombcih like to ho at home Jur-  Infi tills happy time for one reason or  another, anil the consequence Is that  ���we have "more holidays anyway than  "Western nicmbeis care about, as lhelr  jcun.cy Is so Ions' that It is well nlgli  impossible for tliem to set there and  "back. Ono sees the vast benefits conferred on Ottawa when' the house is  ��� In session. Then hotels are lilled fiom  llcor to coiling. 'AU Is bustle. Business if good, lor they all like to gel ill  . the unsophisticated member. But when  the house closes, hotels empty fast, and  Ottawa becomes it very, very dull place.  TT<_t Ottawa Is always growiling. The  government is never doing enough.  3'hat may be true directly, though il  ' always sets more than Its share, but  indirectly she is favored above all cities  in Canada, and yet is not satisfied.  JJeforo the house adjourned some very  useful v.ork was done.  Exemption From Taxation.  We had the case of the C. P. It. up  iigain. In that wonderful deal made  liy the conservative government with  Hie C. P. It., you remember that "5  million aeiesi'of land were given to  the company. These lands are now  ivcrlh seventy-live million dollars at  ���the lowest calculation possible. These  lands were exempted from taxation for  twenty years. Since the bargain was  made, the C. P. R. has been handling  these lands, iu fact have been selling  . .them, deriving revenue from them, and  yot wish to avoid taxation. The whole  thllifilculty about these lands hinges on  ���when the twenty years are up. Reasonable' people say ithe twenty years  should count from the date on whlcli  thu bargain wns made,*'and if so, the  . twenty years are up. The C. P. 11. contend, through a quibble, or a Haw in  the agreement, that the lands should be  .t;..xed twenty years after, the patents.  are itsiied. As these are only being issued now, these lands will be exempted  lroni taxation for twenty yeais more-  forty years, instead of twenty. Mr.  Davies, the member for Saskatchewan,  moved that' tlie matter should be referred to the courts for an Interpretation of the bargain, and that was carried. Mr. McLean (commonly called Ril-  ly McLean), a somewhat erratic member of the house, whose political predilections except,on protection, are all  jinti-lory, wanted the house to interpret the bargain itself, lie made a  long harangue, in ,which he declared  ugnin and again that ho was over-dow-  jng with compassion for the poor farmers. It v.is amusing to see the very  men, tories all of them, who had  bhacklod Ihe poor farmers of Manitoba,  sinii who had been the cause of all his  troubles, making loud protestations  now about the wrongs of the poor farmer. Consistency thou art a. jewel.  .Anyway Ihe house was with the pco-  jilc of the North West, and after tlie  courts have declared the exact moaning of the bargain, theu the way will  lie opened up for the government to act  on behalf of the people. To the calm  sj ectator, it seems hardly fair that the  C. P. It., considering the vast sums the  company has received from tho people,  and by means of which this corporation  lias become immensely rich, should in  a niattei of such importance as this to  the people who are day by day In-  "crcaslngtire-value-of"tlielr"Iandsrstill"  demand the pound ol" llesh from tlie  ���very people wlio have made them what  thry are. It seems hardly wise to say  tiie least about it that one can say.  Tho Allen Labor Bill.  On Tuesday the new alien labor bill  came up for discussion. Sir Wilfrid  luid it In charge, and right well did he  handle llie bill. Of course, the changes  proposed Inspired a general discussion  on the merits and demerits of the old  bill. Some of llie opposition wanted to  make out that il was no good; yot It  tn tttrnrgc that men will be so unfair  In order to make pollticail capital for  their friends. The working men ot this  country whon the conservative party  v/as In power, demanded again und  tigaln an alien labor measure from  them, but every time they were refused.  The reason of this refusal Is not hard  lo give. The manufacturers, the capitalists, wore opposed to such a measure, and ns the conservatives were  tlielr friends, the servants of the capitalists, and as the capitalists were the  fi.ends of the tories, they worked into  each other's hands, to the detriment or  the working men.   Tlie government has  tried   to   grapple   with   this   question.  Their llrst ineasuie may not have been  perfect, but it has done good.    It has  caused machineiy  lo be brought into  e:_lslonce   In   the  shape   ot   the   labor  Inn can, lh.it has hail good effect.    Mr.  V. Illlams, the alien lalior ofllcer of the  gc.cri.ment, has   done   very effective  service   In   many   places,   and   many  aliens have been sent back.    The bill  lias also had  a deterrent effect upon  would-be brcakeis of the law, and In  many ways good has been done, beside  showing   the   weak  spots   In   the   old  measure.     Tlie discussion   waged over  llie point of procedure; whether such  cas.es should be brought before magls-  tiates, county court or supreme court  Judges.    The debate was both interesting and   instructive,    and    after    the  question had been thoroughly thrashed  out, Sir Wilfrid withdiew the clause In  order to remodel it in accordance with  the opinion of the house.   The member  fo. North Norfolk brought up the point  rboul skilled labor, and read some let-  tors from firms starting new businesses  In which the fact was brought out thnt  unless some   provision  was   made for  acmitling skilled labor, that could not  bo got in Canada, it would be impossible for them to go on.    Mr. Ralph  Smith, In order to meet the case, moved  that  the bill  should  not apply to  such cases, the courts, however, to decide  the  question whether  this  labor  could or could not be obtained in Canada.    Altogether the labor men of this  country have every reason to be satisfied   with   the   discussion   which   took  place.  The Valleylield Strike.  On Wednesday afternoon the Quebec  leaders o fthe opposition brought up  this now famous strike. Mr. Monck  has the reputation of being a fair man,  but on two occasions his actions and  insinuations have belled his reputation. As he went on it soon became  evident that he was more actuated by  a desire to gel at the deputy minister  ot labor, than he was to help the working men. In other words, he seemed  to feel ��� that the. Conservative parly  had lost tills scat through thfs strike,  and his motives were political rather  thar, philanthropic in bringing up the  matter.  The minister ot public works showed  that the men were completely justified  in demanding more wages, as they had  to stand over the knees in water for a  dollar a day. The calling out o�� the  militia was next dwelt upon, and it  was made clear that this was the cause  of all ihe serious trouble. There was  no need lor them. It was a stroke to  help the capitalist by intimidating the  waking men, but It had the opposite  effect. Several strong appeals were  made to change tlie law so far as the  militia is concerned. As in our case,  it seems almost a crime, that our militia can be called out by irresponsible  men who are in the pay of the capitalist who is Interested���and that a community should be saddled with the expenses.    AVe  have some strange laws  J el.  Railway   Committee.  On Tuesday it was expected that the  railway battle would commence between the C. P. K. and the Crow's  Nest company. The forces were gath-  eied together Tor the fray, but the minister of railways said that as the people of Canada had an interest in this  bill over and above the contending  corporations, he wanted time to consider the bill In this light. It was  something new for a minister of rail-  up aiid foamed away about the un  righteous demand made upon the coin  pany. By tins time the commlltie saw  the wisdom and the Justice of the minister's position. Peeling changed  against the C. P. It., and the members  were ready to reconsider what they  lu.d done, when Mr. Tarte got up and  In a very wise speech asked the company to accept the minister's demand.  This was accordingly done, and one of  the most dramatic sittings of the railway committee came to an end. These  nre changed times for corporations.  Tho people, the needs, tlie wanls ot the  people count for something, and to Mr.  P.luir the people of Canada owe a debt  ot gratitude for this wonderful and  pleasing change. So the world moves  on and on towards the goal ot a freer  and  truer life. PHI/..  w-ays to make such a~~sTateriient. And  I have no doubt but that lt set the hot  heads on both sides n. thinking over  the rights of the people. After this  the minister showed himself again to  advantage. The C. P. R. wanted a new  charter for a road in Manitoba, The  member for the district said it vns not  wanted, as the land was poor and the  settlers scarce, but he said why not  build a line in there, pointing In tho  spot where there are thousands of people, and who have been waiting for  a railway for twenty years. When It  came to the vote the preamble of the  bill was carried. Thon was the minister's chance. He got up and moved  that this new road should not be built  until the company had given railway  facilities to the people mentioned.  Judge Clark grew white with rage, and  became mad with Indignation. He had  ne"ver heard of such a demand before. "Haven't we got the power to  do this?" atfked the minister. Tes,  thundered the Judge .you have got the  power, but II has never been done before.   Then some   of the lackeys   got  SIGNS OF INDUSTRIAL PROGRESS.  (Continued from last week.)  Wc closed lasl week with the lin-  tnnt victory obtained by Individualism  and competition in the house of commons in tho year 1811 and in justice to  both we ought to say that the new-  policy worked nothing short ot a great  reformation. Uip till that time the Individual had been bound In fetters.  Man had largely to fill the place appointed for him. He gol Into a trade,  and In the trade ho had to stay, subject  to all Its limitations. Now, while the  old system had its merits as well as  its demerits, yet the individual cannot  be bound. There Is something ln the  individual that craves and yearns for  free, unfettered liberty in thought an'd  action. The world owes much to the  Individual. Bach nation points to its  individual 'heroes, statesmen, poets,  orators, philanthropists, inventors and  humanitarians, and to the energies and  genius and achievements ot such individuals the nation owes to a great ex-  But this was not all.   Had the change  been only In  material tilings, perliaip."  there would  not  lime  been  the same  cause for congratulation. One idea suggests  another,  one  change  hi lugs   nn  others, the thoughts of men changed In  one sphere throw., their minds own In  other directions.    Liberty  once  smell  cannot be confined to articles ot trade,  but must branch out.   The individual  having been iprucln!mcdth!s liberty to  dispose of his time and his labor ln the  way and on the terms which he judges  most  conducive  to  his  own  Interests,  that liberty   could   not end there; it  must go further.   Hence we find, due  largely to this change, civil and religious liberty began to be understood as  they had never been understood before.  Political and religious disabilities began to be abolished.   Hereditary privileges wore weighed In the balance and  found  wanting.      The    military spirit  was kept In its proper place.   Manners  were reformed, and the desire for the  diffusion of knowledge almost became  a revival of learning, and in that revival  the masses largely   shared    Its  beneflclent effects.   To the men of these  times,    especially  the  men, statesmen  and others who had largely been  instrumental in causing this change of  policy,  when  they  saw  all along  the  lino the marvelous effect which had re-  suited  therefrom it is hardly    to    be  wondered  that   they  not  only  prided  themselves in what they had done,  in  what had been achieved, but thnt they  should come to the conclusion that the  nation had been now put on the right  road to all success and honor.    Competition  now being not only  the  law  but the life of trade, it must have its  freedom to carry out its plan, in other  words it must have free scape, unhindered and unhampered to work oui its  solution.    The cost is always an important element In tlie war which com-  OOOOOCOOCOCC5QOL  "���'JGOOCX3CGOOOOOOI  jOOOQOQOOQOQQOOOOOOGGGQGOQOOGOGQOO  lOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCJGCWOOCOOOOOOOOGGOOO  go  no  80  o  oo  oo  C-O-  eo  o  *:0  CO  oo  oo  Adopted .bij the Vancouver Building  Trade* Council.  ��8  '���iQ  ,^�� Wnnm.AS���Tub Ixi)i:r__xDi:.vr is the official organ of the Building  |!_b Trades Council as well as the only labor paper published in this city, ___  "ip, iiml as. it is in all respects worthy the support ofthe community at OO  gij| large, lie it therefore " ��2  ���j'a Ki'.sni,v__i>���That wc recommend it to the favorable consideration oo  ��8 ��'" Vancouver business men as a proper and profitable medium  for OO  "*<5 their advertising, believing that all union men  will appreciate any gg  ~.(3 favors shown by said business men to Tjii: Ixi)i;i'kxui;xt as if shown to oo  OO themselves; be"it further ���. GO  s|$ l.i:soi.vci>���That the delegates to tho lSuilding Trades Council use ��2  'O their inlluence among tlio various unions to direct tho patronage of c:(3  Op their members to tlioi-e business places advertised in Tin; 1ndi.I'i:ni>_.nt GO  "j| in preference to others; and be it further jj[2  ������jq Ki-'soi.vi.ii���That it is tbe sense of this Building Trades Council that oo  O each member of every union organization in the citv. who has not CO  :-,'��J already done so, should tender bis subscription  to Tub Ind-_im_.vdi.nt jsJS  -f-o without, any further delay. <;}$  ��-,q * * QO  b-.-CCOQQOOQOOOQOCOOOQOQQQQOOOQOriCKjQOOOO(3A200000QOCOOtiO  Of,(. CC^00Uw0O9O0C*OUCOUGO0OOOOO000(X>CraUOeX9CKX3O-.3u*aOt<O G  tent the greatness, the glory and the  renown of which it is 'proud. It Is the  same on a smaller scale In every community. The success ot any venture,  ot any reform, even In a city council,  depends to a large extenl on the individual. With many, therefore, the  stumbling-bluok in the way towards  enabling them to grasp the deeper and  better system propounded by socialism  is just tlie individual. He has done so  much, the ,\vorld Is so indebted to him.  so much has been accomplished through  him working on and through the  masses, and tlio fear of any restraints put upon him, or any inducement taking away from him, one of the  greatest forces in the world will be  silenced to the detriment of tho world.  Something can be said also in favor nf  competition at this point. The old system was a dreamy, go-as-you-pleaso  one. Under it the energies ot tlie nation slept. Trade was restricted, and  by so much as trade is restricted by  so much are the vitalities ot a nation  hampered and held In check. By the  adoption of competition and the individualistic system old England woke  up.into newness of life, not ln one direction only, but in nil directions. The  advance In material prosperity was  something enormous. The value of  property in England In 1S00 wns estimated at one thousand live hundred  millions, and that was three times more  than It was supposed to be In the middle ot the ISth century. In 1SS4 It wns  estimated to be four thousand millions.  The money that had hitherto lain wrap-  Tied up In a napkin was poured Into  old and new industries. As one puts  It, enterprise took a thousand new and  wondrous shapes, and scored a thousand great successes. The change was  amazing, in fact In the language of an  old Scotch character, lt was prodigious.  petition begins and ends, and that  again Is largely determined by the  means of transportation���our own problem in Canada to-day. The road, the  king's highway, was the railroad ir  these days. While a. bad road is even  a blessing, if we look at things aright,  yet even a good road in those good old  times was a .poor road for doing business on. By means of the spirit that  was Inspiring a larger and richer development in trade our best brains were  constrained to study the problem of  transportation. In time success was  attained. Our railway system begins  in the year 1S26, and ten years later  begins that steam merchant navy that  has done so much towards reducing  the cost of production, and thus so  "much- foT^lKo- English-"manufacturer.  Reading our history one almost comes  to the conclusion that when the English people need a thing to be done,  Providence has always brains ready to  do It for us. Our greatest needs only  bring out into prominence our greatest  geniuses. Competition with the advent  of railways and a merchant navy was  not yet possessed of that freedom so  necessary to its success. It is only  when we put Into practice a theory or  a system that we begin to see really  what Its needs are. The old tariff system said to a man you cannot buy  where you please, and there are those  In Canada who say the same, and  want us to go back to the ISth century.  The theory of trade then prevailing In  the old land was against Importations  from other countries and strictly forbade the exportation of machinery and  skilled artisans. Our market was thus  necessarily a made one. The Corn Laws  also kept up the price of food, and as  was said, kept down the efficiency of  labor. Then commenced the great free  trade agitation, ln which the names of  Cobden and Bright will be remembered  for all time.   That agilatlun, liowowr,  was largely a manufacturers' agitation;  their light wns with the landed Inleresls, and the struggle was between the  present and past, between the old and  the new, between an old caste and u  new life that had been created by a  new npliit In the soul of things.   The  manufacturers  took  the  position  that  export  was  only  possible  by   import,  since goods were paid  for by goods.  There Is no doubt but that the people  were on the side of their new masters,  for uo class suffered as they suffered  through   the   iniquitous   Corn   Laws,  though whether they derived the benefits expected is another question. Cheap  bread   was   tlie    cry    throughout  the  land, and that cry   was   pathetically  augmented by the fact of cheap wages.  This free trade   struggle,  while won in  the interests of competition and manufacturers, yet has done much for England,   lt broke the back of the landed  aristocrat.     11   dcsiroped   monopolies,  such as the East India Charter,  and  ultimately  made it possible    for    tlie  workman to live in a fairly reasonable  and rational way.    The length of the  contest and tho bitterness of the fight  may be learned from other quarters,  lt Is only necessary  lo say that free  trade was triumphant, that is at least,  the princiiple   was   triumphant under  Llie able leadership of Sir Robert reel.  The policy of England from that day  on  whlcli  the  abnoxious   Corn   Laws  were abrogated has been to make trade  freer and freer.    Her statesmen  havo  been lopping off the useless branches  one  by one,  until   to-day  she  stands  though one of the   smallest   nations,  leaving    out of    sight    her    colonies,  the greatest commercial nation in  the  world.    Her wealth is fabulous.    Her  merchants  are  everywhere,  and   notwithstanding   that   every    nation    i.s  against her from an economic point of  \iiew, she maintains her position largely  through  the genius and  the enterprise of her ubiquitous and persevering  sons.    Competition   may  be  not said,  so far asihistory is concerned, to be in  full swing.   AVe shall see how the sys-  ,tejn .works and what_effects have been  produced  by  it. PHIZ.  Who rules this province? Who rules  the dominion? Why the C. P. R. Co.  How long will the C. P. R. rule and  are the conditions of the charter being adhered to? What about the clause  in the charter which reads: "As soon  as it (the company) earns ten per cent,  on the cnipital Invested, the Government shall ha,ve the right to regulate  its passenger and freight rates?" Surely this is a reasonable condition and  its intention was clearly to provide  that the company should earn ton per  cent on the capital put In b.v the .shareholders. It was never intended thai  tiie $130,000,000 given to the company  by tlie people should be regarded as  capital chargeable with the 10 per cent,  profit, and this is just what the C. P.  R. is asking. It wants the people of  Canada to pay interest on the enormous  subsidy and other considerations such  as land, etc. Let me quote from an  American paper, who in return quotes  from Canadian paipers, nnd I think 1  will satisfy you that I am right in demanding that all subsidies shall stop  instanter. If the C. P. K. controls  Canada and if thei - is any truth in the  fears of lending citizens in the East  who are  closely    watching    everyday  events, then we are threatened with a  foreign control, iviz., "American Railroad Kings." An Ottawa paper says:  "Tills seems to bo a very fair arrangement and a sufficient check on the  company. Considering the great risk  taken by the company In Investing in  the road at a time when fully half our  public men declared it would not earn  eiicugh to buy grease for Its axels, a  limit of ten iper cent, wns not too wide  a margin to allow on so great a risk.  No one would seriously object to the  company clearing ten per cent, on Its  actual capital; but the company Is not  willing to be bound by that clause,  and it gets over it by claiming that  the $1:10,000,000 ot cash or lands or other  valuable concessions wlilch it secured  as a present from the people should  lie counted as a part of the cnipital on  which the ten per cent, has to be earned before its rates nre Interfered with.  In other words the C. P. R. wants the  people of Canada to pay Interest on the  enormous subsidy they have given the"  railway.   Imagine a Mend presenting j out "of the difficulty"  you with a fortune ana then your de- SOUTHERN CROSS.  mandlng that he pay you interest on  lt for all time, nnd you Ir.uvc a case exactly like that of the C. P. It. The  company Is not satisfied to get Interest:  on its own Investments, but lt wants  tn draw Interest on the investment ot  the Canadlun people as well."  By reserving from .settlement the immense land grants made to It by the  Canadian Government, the comiiany;  has worked great injury to the entire  country, but chliAly to the farming element. As these grants are exempt from  taxation, the railroad can afford to let  them remain idle and unimproved.  Says the Dally Tribune (Winnipeg):  "It (the reservation policy) keeps out  of cultivation for years immense tracts  ot land, and when this land is finally;  bought, the settler has to pay the railway company capital that, if put into ���  Ills farm, would make his annual output much larger���settlers' operations  during the first five or ten years being  often much restricted for want of that  Irery caipllnl. Then, In turn, the restriction on the growth of railway traffic due to land being held vacant, or,  being brought under cultivation slowly on account of lack of capital'on the  pari of the occupier, means higher  rates and more burdensome municipal'  taxes."  I now quote from a leading American paiper: "The vast consolidation of  railroad Interests in the United States  which has been brought about during  Llie past few months has caused no little apprehension among Canadians, involving, as it does, in the opinion or  railroad authorities, tho ultimate acquirement and control ot the Canadian  Pacific and tlie Grand Trunk railroads.  It is rumored in Canada that the American 'railroad kings,' meaning, specifically, J. Pierpont Morgan and J. J.  Hill, are already quietly buying mp, in  New York, London, Montreal, and on  the Paris, Berlin and other European  exchanges, tlie stock of these railroads,  in order to control their policy. Representative Maclean, of tho Canadian  House of Commons, recently made an  (impassioned speech in Parliament  pointing out the danger of 'Yankee  capitalism.' ��� This danger, ho declared,  Is a real one, a'ncl he sees but one rem-," .  edy: the Canadian Government must  obtain control of a majority of the  stock of thtse roads, just as Lord  Beaconsfield obtained possession of the  majority of the shares ot the Suez  Canal, in order to prevent control falling Into hostile hands. _ President and  General "Manager Shaughnessy, of the  Canadian Paclllc load, in a recent  newspaper intenriew, confirmed the  fears of .Mr, Maclean, and advocated  as a remedy a "gradual policy of government control." The Dominion  should, he declared, begin by buying  out the Canadian Pacific and Grand.  Trunk lines'. The Globe (Toronto)  points out that while "the danger lies  In the absence ot any defence against  discriminations injurious to Canada,  whether by foreigners or selfish native  cliques, the defect should be remedied,  as far as possible, by the creation of  machinery for controlling services and  regulating rates." It does not advocate tlio Government's buying oui the  roads. Tlie iproxiinity of the Hill system, the Great Northern, to the Canadian boundary, and the persistent at-  temps of this railroad to enter British  Columbia for tlio purpose, as is supposed, of tapping Lhe coal-fields there  controlled by Mr. Hill, is regarded by;  the Canadian journals as a constant  menace to the Dominion. The Gazette  (St. John. N. B.) fears that the "Yankee syndicate" may finally succeed in  getting a charter to enter British Columbia:    irsaysl = =  "Perhajv* the best wny to meet the  combination is by the construction of  a government line of railway from  Montreal to Parry Sound and another  from Montreal to tho Detroit River..  This would prevent railroad combinations from charging excessive rates of  freight in the most populous sections  of Canada, and would furnish means  of transportation Independent of company railroads to the great West. The  Gazette Is strongly in favor of fast  transcontinental railroads owned and  operated by the Government of Canada."  The French Journals of the Dominion  regard the danger of American domination as very serious. Says La Patrlo  (Montreal):  "The situation is not yet desperate.  But It Is very gralve. The agitation  should open the eyes of those who refuse to see. It certainly demands serious attention from all who fully aj>-  ipi-clute the necessity of protecting oar,  great national Interests."^  My article Is already too long, bat  next week I will try and 'show a vser;  ���&K<  ! ,-���>-. ���vtay.-K'-fSy , THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  APRIL 20, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  SEX). BARTLEY  Editor  HARRY COWAN  Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OP  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   312   HOMER   STREET,  VER,   B.  C.  VANCOU-  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; threo  mouths. 83 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.23.  ENDORSED BY THE TR.VDES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY APRIL 20, 1901  M1FTW00D.  Built nml run by Luc Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  Editorial room Wherever my rent is paid.  [Pieces washed up by llie title, boomed, sawed,  split ami piled for the perusal anil pastime ol  paid-up subscribers, also lor those who lien,  borrow uml steal Tho Independent in order  that ihcv may enjoy a little sunshine us they  journey'through this vale of tears.]  Lost, strayed or stolen���a _niin"cnlled Harry  Sibble.  Young people engaged to be married seldom  talk sense to eaeli other!  Koine women in the streets always actus if  they, were walking on tacks.  ltemorse may be defined ns feeling more dis-  satislicd with one's sell tliaii usual.  Even when wo realize lhat people are fluttering us we feel sure they mean well.  ;   .  ���   Xo .woman seems   anxious  to be   thought  worth more than about 1115 pounds in gold.-  It may be all right that the world owes every  ..mini it living.! But the trouble Is there are too  many preferred creditors.  Some people think they are wise anil know it  all. Other folks think these kind of conceited  asses should be loeked up in the asylum for the  insane or swell-licail idiots.  No magazine has yet announced an article  Irom De Wet's , pen. Kitchener keeps him so  busy he has no time to collect his thoughts.   .  : The hobo that pays cash for his bacon anil  beans, is, in my estimation, a better man tlinn,  the silly, brainless dude, who orders porter-  house-mushrooms and owes for it....  -. When you meet some people tliey would hnve  you think tliat they iiwn the sidewalk, bin  reader, they don't. The city had li''built for  tbe comfort of all. Not for one or two overbearing, ���specimens : of Ihe Anglo-Saxon hog,  madeiutlie imageof laan.? >  Waiter: "Yes, sir; but you have not said  whether you want them with, or without  pearls."  Rolling Pavement.  Homo ingenious idiot, I am told has invented  for exhibition at the lluffalo Fair, a rolling  pavement. I hope they will not become popular; for If we had rolling pavements and rolling pedestrians, a street would have no steadiness at all. . I stand by, the permanent way;  and object to have llie sidewalks careering  abur.1 in their own way. W'liy, il would only  lake a Utile time If this mad, Yankee scheme  were iunugiiraied and sanclloiied, to provide  us with rolling houses, rolling ollleos, rolling  ships, asylums, cemeteries; and llie charm  of steadfastness would bo gone. 1 admire  rolling rivers and rulllng seas; but I believe lu  what ibe schoolboy called "terra culta" being  anchored fnsl. No doubt it would be an advantage te step aboard a rolling pavement and be  rolled up a hill; bin Mien you couldn't stop  every ihrec or four yards lo examine the More  windows, ami that would be a drawback���  especially to Indies. .Mid Iheii the hygienic  exercise of walking would go out of fashion,  which would be a very serious mailer; for you  remember what a poet said of llie whale:  The four-footed beasl, wlilch  we now call a  wliale,  Held up Us hind legs till they grew to a lull,  Whlcli it uses for thrashing thu sea like a flail.  That's what it would come to; and with an  eventuality so dreary ,11ml disastrous, no wise  man will favor more rollingarraiigcineiits than  are absolutely necessaiy. " ltoll" is a verb  which sometimes does not agree with lis  nominative.  . " ���I.ui: Vernon.  This maddening strife  Makes many anus ache;  The duller the knife    ���  The tougher tiie steak.  ���. A souiiniental papei says "a baby is a link  which binds its mother to heaven."- Pretty  often it is a link which..binds her to tlie house  when she is "almost dying" to gel out making  calls or to do a little shopping.  . lie paid her live thousand gold dollars  i-'or damages done to her heart,  And witli it she'nml her true lover  Were able lo gel ipiile n start.  t -. ;  Wo have never yet in our experience seen  two or more women gel together in a ncigh-  borhood without giving some other woman the  devil. It is sure to come before the meeting  adjourns. . I  It is rather an old saying, but nevertheless a  : true one, tlint you can not geiagood grip by  the tail of a pig, and it is equally true that you  can not get a good grip on business unless you  advertise,  aiid  the , medium is TukInjiki'KN-  DKNT.  A woman advertises in the Oinnhn lice like  this: "A man wanted to manage a large, well  stocked farm. If. Ihe man satisfies and it is  mutual am willing to marry." This chance is  called to tiie attention _of_n niiiuber of ynu_  couver people who are looin'iuTlTriJirir(l"fi_r_n  grub stake.  A woman's words pursuits! 7c  We can listen to ami meet1  With an answer Hint's evasive  And an adjective Unit's sweet;  But our logic seems so simple,. -  And our self-possession llles,  When her cheeks are all a-dimple '������  Aud she reasons wllh her eyes  ��� Lovoy and Dovey���Admiring the monkeys in  Stanley park:  bovey���1 shall try and buy you one of these  pet monkeys to amuse you, darling.  ,  I)ovey-0, how kind of you! ��� Then 1 shan't  mlBS you when you are away.  I.ovcy.fvery chilly)-Let us go and sco the  eagles.  No, dear  render,   Hubert Todd  Is   not the  viiuiiiplon I.aneansliire clog dancer; but ns Is  well-known, he can do n "turn," as performers  ���say, that reminds one of the last lines of nn  ��� *j,d song: .���'���','  " I'll endeavor to show to you,  In n style that's somewhnt new;  Some clog steps  In the good old English style."  A customer in the lllooinllclil restaurant met  his match, as will be seen from tho following  conversation:  Customer (with inclination  to he foppish):  "���Walter, bring me some oysters.   They must  n.t'bc too small, nor too large, nor too (nt and  salty, and above all things, they must be cold,  rbut not too cold, and 1" want them quick!"  President Joseph Dixon presided over  a large attendance of delegates at Friday night's regular meeting of the  Vancouver Trades and Labor Council.  J. A. Dibdon, of the Barbers; Charles  Durham, of the Fishermen: A. Paton,  of the Plumbers, and AV. Miller, of the  Boilermakers, presented credentials and  took their seats as delegates.  . Communications were received and  referred to respective committees to  be acted upoo.  ���PARLIAMENTARY: COMMITTEE.  Your committee complying with the  in-tru'c.tions  of  the  council  submitted  the following resolution as addressed:  To the Mayor and Aldermen:  Gentlemen,���There was presented   to  your body recently by Aid. Painter and  Cook,  we, believe,  a  document headed  "Reasons Why By-law No.' 3G2. Should  Be Amended or Repealed."   And as the  document  contains  some, of  thq. mosi.  glaring' fallacies   imaginable,   and,   in  making quotations from sections, material parts are left out.we Dresume,  to serve the selfish  Interests ol" those  wlio  are  interested   in  presenting  the  so-called     reasons.       We,     therefore,  claim  the privilege of pointing, out to  you  tlie inadvisability of making any  alterations   on   said   by-law..   And   by  .no means to repeal it till  once It hits'  been   demonstrated, beyond   a .doubt  that it iM invalid.  -But.rather..that you  most rigidly .enforce  tlie said, by-law.  'Ihe  quotations'.they  make from  sub.  .".oc. -15,-of sec. .125, Is:   "And for assessing the property .adjacent; to any water,   main,    etc.,with    a .reasonable  proportion1'-'   of    "the     cost  ^thereof."  And     there     they     slop     and,, base  ���m  argument  on- that  quotation' that  the by-law is bad.1 in th.it It does not  define, what is a reasonable proportion  of., the cos-.t,  whereas, if they had* but  completed   their   quotation   above,   it  would h.'u'e been made plain and also  show the by-law to be good, for.it goes  on to say after the words "cost thorp-'  of"  (at the?end  of  the  above' oiiota-  iiqn).  "0111011111(011  on  the  basis of the  frontage1 of the  property  whether the,  water from..filch main or pipes Is used  on   the  property  or  not."   Hence  any  i-hlld can see al a glance that whether  tin- "main or pipes" be one inch or six  indies in front of tho property or even  twenty inches has nothing to do witli  the /validity of the  by-law.   But  that  the  property  Is  assessed  for main  or  pipes according  to  its  frontage  for a  ri-aEona.hle ' proportion'   of ������ihe  cost   of  main or pipes: that Is to say, chat all  tin  frontage it: the city adjacent to a  water main or ���pines shall  be charged  acording to frontage, for a reasonable  proportion,    of   the    cost *ofi ?all'the  mains and pises for the supply of water to the city.  As to. the life of water pipe being  sixty years, we presume that those  "sore heads" intend to live without water, at the end of sixty years and will,  therefore, not need: new ones. Then  the amount collected is not as stated  -<:��� per foot, ds there Is to bo a reduction of 10 per cent, on all city taxes,  iwlileh=\voiild-ma|{e=thls=orie=4-l--2c**iper  foot. They also state that the average  cost is SI.25 per foot; but they forget  tn add the cost of main necessary to  bring the supply to the city, which  brings the average up tn at'least $2.50  per foot. Each fool, therefore, costing S2...0 would bring In 9c. I 1-2c. from  the property on each side of the street.  A dollar's worth of pipe would  bring In ��� 4c. Or, in other words, all  this by-law asks is that tho vacant  properly owners contribute I per cent,  on the money invested In water mains  nnd pipes necessary to supply' water  to. lhelri own lots, which we think is  very reasonable, very few being able  'n net 'money at such a low rate.  With regard to the statements made In  In, the above-mentioned document-'  .that this Is "unlust" and Unit "liy the  present by-law the owners of 'vacant  prcpeiiy In a. few years will have paid  the totnlcost of nil-the mains in the  city wliile the ���Improved property will  have paid nothing towards tho cost,  but will only be paying for, the use of  water." We assert that such a statement Is absolutely false, and have only to remind you of the facts, which  we presume you are all cognlznat of.  namely, that there was raised In water  -iles, in the city last year, $70,0,00;  that of this there was paid Interest  "nd sinking funds on water works  -bout $43,000. So that each one who  ' i using water at the lowest net rate  bv $6 per year are contributing over  $.1.30 of  that amount  to  Interest and i  sinking fund When possibly the lot  next them, a 25-foot lot wc will presume, would be asked to pay but  $1.12 1-2 towards the same purpose.  The largest lot, 66 feot. will contribute  but $2.S7. But the average householder pays $12, or nearly so, per year,  net rate, conseituetnly he pays in that  sum, over $7 for Interest and sinking  fund, against the paltry sum of $1.12  1-2, or $2.S7, according to size of lots  as llie case may be, united from his  neighbor on the vacant lot. Surely  then It is not- unreasonable to ask the  vacant lot to pay $1.12 1-2, when the  resident besides, living on the cheapest water rale possible. Is 'asked to  pay $3.fi0 and the average householder  $7. We hope thai progressive business council, such as your honorable  body, hns the reputation of being, will  not be deceived bv such a fallacious  document as that presented by those  two Aldermen. All of which Is respectfully submitted on behalf of the  Trades and Labor Council through the  Parliamentary' Committee.  JOHN MORTON,  Secretary.  Vancouver, April 13. 1001.  Whereas���It Is reported that Ihe civic hoard of woi'ks, on the recommendation oj* Aid. Cook, Is going to make a  test case of contract vs. day labor on  sidewalks; and  Whereas���He has based his' plea of  cheapness for the contract system* on  the ground that contractors ran buy  lumber n.t ?2 a thousand less than the  city; and . J ��� "  .Whereas���The aldermen* are elected  to carry out the city business as they  would do their own; and  Whereas���On Aid. Cook's own testimony he condemns himself and the  other aldermen of unfaithful service;  Inasmuch as they can't buy as cheaply  as others; Therefore be it  Hesolved���That we pass a vote of  want of confidence in them for not look  looking after the city's interest as they  should.   ���..-'��������� ���,  GENERAL BUSINESS.     ?  Secretary J. C. Marshall resigned his  olllce, and Mr. T. H. Cross was elected to the position.  matters were discussed at some length,  upon the letter of the Typo Union, proposing to levy an assessment for tlie  annual celebration. It was suggested  that the unions organize baseball  teams to play a series of games and  play for a trophy on Labor Day.  It was resolved: That the Secretary  write the City Council and ask it to  keep its regular night* and time? of  meeting, as it is in the interests of the  workers, that the time of meeting  should be at an hour that Is convenient, so-that they can attend if they  so desire, and that our Committee can  attend and report to this Council. ��� ���  Drill Hall matters wore brought up  by the briolclayers, and it was stated  that organized labor was not held responsible for the falling in of the wall.  The .waiters'reported names of nonunion houses.! ..<:;;?  The, Council adjourned at 10:45.   .  ?! PAINTERS'<? STRIKE'..SETTLED.  President Pavior occupied the" chair  at last night's special meeting of the  Brotherhood of Painters and .Decorators of. America, Union No."!3S, in Union Hall. A. communication, was'received from the. Master Painters' As-  s'lc'ation, signifying ..its intention to  ���sign'the ������journeymen's resolution, and,  therefore.! the strike was. 'declared off,  nnd the men will resume work to-day  (Saturday), April 20th.' Several initiations have! taken place? lately, and a  number of applications are pending investigation liy the committee. ;.  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Qualify and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year lias been a busy one  for us; this year we Avant to  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best wo can for your  mqney and we shall do exactly as we advertise.   .  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A.  -fsTU  W'foHAiJt/\C(^4^mAtyii/^  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  .25 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  Masscy-Harris and Stearns  AIL STYLlS  BICYCLES AIL PRICES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  Tho best placo in II. c. to bayo your  '���-.'���'   .Blcyclo repaired.  WHOLESALE AND ItETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  NOTICE.  "We are acaln ottering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming; examination with the highest marks ln Beading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The H.IM.Yogcl .Commercial College  P.  O.  Box S��.  Vancouver, B.  C.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls and jumpers, also a  first class Tailoring Department, where 'only?' Uuion ���Labor  is employed.   :   -���.'-'������-ov ���;;' :��� '"'.?������'���- ?���'    ��� ?."���'���:  We guarantee a-perfect fit or no sale. ������"'/^������V  Try n bottle of Kisoii'.l'ort, llie sun-  sliinu of California. SOc bottle, nt Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7111 .Pender street.  Now, <renllenien, here is the simp (o  get your lisiir cut to suit ymi: Corner  Cimihie and Cordova.   C. Kllis.  Telephone .1���2���/. ��� for :i fill- livery  turn-out. ,1. .1. Sparrow, Palace livci-'v  stables.  The Standnrd Ciiniidiiin Pianos  THE GERARD HE1NTZMAN, -  THE BELL, THE  The Stuniltird English Instruments .  THE BR0ADW00D, '        THE BRINSMEAD,  THE GOLLARD 8 COLLARD.  All the above at  TBtrDi^T's^iuHrc^TdTn^  340 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musiciil Supplies.      .  TELEPHONE 702.  1(10 CORDOVA STREET.  A recent cough* or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing.  Hotels.  The"  is here nifiiin mid wo; vtint io .remind Aha  Indies,tlmt if they want iirst-eltiss work ihey  should semi their blouses nnd shirt waists to  us.. We huvespeeiiil mucliinery for this work  nml help that work nt nothing else, from oho  week's end to another. ;  Whnt we gunnintoo is that wc will turn out  your shirtwaists looking as well ns when they  came from the store. .;p  And us comfortable n.s good looking.  cms  DD  512 Westminster Avenue.  BOOKS, STATIONERY  AND FANCY GOODS  SCHOOL BOOKS AND  SCHOOL SUPPLIES  Jlngnziuu Excliungu in connuction.  We Have Received  During the past week one of the best  assortments of dinner and toilet setH  Unit lilts ever come to Vuneouver, and  at prices never before quoted by anyone. We have !)7-piccc dinner sets at  5il.2!i,' JS.50, $3.23, $10. $10.7.*), $12.50, nnd  higher. Painted toilet sets, fancy designs, nt $1.75, $1.90, $2, $2.!i'l  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  405 and  408  Westminster Avenue,  Vancouver  Pioneer Steam Laundry  D. M. STEWART, ruoi-itiRTOit.  I'iio.s'e 348.      910 to 914 Richards St.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nksbitt. Manager.  _-*��$$ f OR SALE  ?orSettin��,$l.50 for I a  BLACK LANGSHAN&  Stool; took First Prize nt 1900 Toultry  Show nt Vancouver.  Brockton Point     XV    TX    Tow���  LiglitlioiiM.. VV.   V.   JONES  The best Cough.Cure is  "BIG 4"  have you tried it?  11 you want a really good ryo whisky  ut a low price, our oOu rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, "���!(> Pender street.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRAXIES AND LABOR  Council, l'rcsident, Jof. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159: financial secretary, XV. 3. Beer: treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; serseant-at-arma,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee���  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 7.30 p. m., in Union  Hal), cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  'I'KXAI-A MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. CM., meets overy Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Ailken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secrctnrv, A. Raiwr, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P-  Uurt; warden, John  Unklater.  CCOKS, WAITBJIS AND ^AITRRSSES'  Union, Local No. iS. President, Chas.  Over: vice-president. W. XV. Nelson; recording secretary. Jus. II. Perkins; fin-  uncial secretary, R. J."Loundes: treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.M p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer  ami Dunsmuir streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 22C meet the last Sunday In each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Campbell; vice-iive-Jltlont, Georue Wilby;  secretaiy, S. J. Gothaid, P. O. box 6S;  treasurer. XV. Brand: sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew 'Stuart; executive committee, E.  U. Woodruff. S. II. Itolib, J. H. llrowne.  N. Williams; delegates to Trades nnd  Labor council. J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  .7.   II.   llrowne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  ���Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  eaeli month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. in. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, c Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer. H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lentesty: warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien: delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J.  Howes.  UNITICD UROT1IERITOOD OF OAR-  '���.l'KNTKHS anil Joiners���.Meets every second and fourth Thursdav 'in Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Win. 'F. MoTCon-  zie, 1.7 Nlnlh avenue; vlce-presidont,  Hugh Wilson: recording secretary, A. IS.  Collin. 7S0 Nelson slices; Ilnancial secretary, II. s. Falconer: treasurer, George  Walker; conductor,' Jas. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon: do-legates io T. and I__  council, Jos. Dixon. Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  TIIK PACIFIC COAST SIIINGTjW  WKAVKHS' TNION meets every third  Sunday ln nivli n'ontli at 3 p. in. In Union hall, corner Duniisulr and Homer  streets. ,1. Stiuicy. "\-ico-pre��lilenl: IJ. J.  Ne.iry. secici.u.v. Cedar row, P. O., Vancouver. Visiting .brethren invited to attend.  30OOOOOOOOQCO0  Having the Only Up-to-Dato Grill Room M  _ in H. C. which in itself Is u gunriuitco O  Q-of aFlrst-Class Hotel andltcstauriuit . .. Q  ooooooooooooooooooooooocoo  ? ' '':��� Seymour Streeet, ���?  of Them  Come and Have a Good  Time.  WE PUT UP LUNCHES  lor .tailing, picnic and excursion  parties, so nicely and so reasonable  In price that It does not pay you to  prepare one at home. /Visitors to  the par.k'or the bay should run in  and get lunch put up while they  wait. It costs but a few moments  and very little cash.  Baker and  Confectioner,  413 Hustings Street  Telephone SO".  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters (or the engineering tnulo  in Vnncouvcr.  GHQIGES3?^��e-^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  ROBT.HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  . . MAK>M A SrilCIAI.TY OF ... .  o    Dewars special Liqueur, also - -  o    usnefs Black Laoei Liqueur wnisky  -LARGE STOCK OK���  lMl'OUTEI) AND DOMESTIC  >Ci((ar��.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  COINER COKDOVA AND CAnKALL.  INTRRN.XTIO.VAr. ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Heaver bodse, No. 1S2���  Meei^ second and fourili Wednesday In  each month in Union Hall. President,  Win. Heer: convspomlliiL: secrotary. E.  T'lmmlns. 7_'_ lliuniltnn slreet; Ilnancial  secreliiry, J. 11. McVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOm.li.NY.MEN* TAILORS' UNION OF  AJIHItlOA, No. 17S���Meets alternato  Mondays In room I. Union Hall. President. F. Willliair.s: vice-president, Miss  Graham: recording secretary, II. O. Hur-  rlti: '.lnancial yecretary. Tremalno Best;  treasurer, C. E. Xcilson; serscant-at-  arms, J. Daoust.  THE VANCOUVER b.VHOK 1'AP.TY  . meets every .econd and .ourth Wednesday in each month In Union Hall. President, Geo. liarilev: lirsl vice-president,  Geo. Wilby; ���-eeorid vice-president, T. H.  Cross; recording secretary. L. 13. Taylor;  financial secretary. John Pearey; statistician. II. Wllliameon.  VANCOUVER FI511EIl.\I'l')N'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hull, Homer  Si're?.'(revery"llr��.t_7inil_ililri|-Satiirday-in-  each month ai S ji. in. AU-x. Ilruce. preBi-  dent: Chas. Durham, secretary. S17 Harris street.  JOUUNKY.MWN liAKBItS' AND CONFECTIONERS' lNTERNA'I. Union ot  America, Local, No. Ail; Vancouver, IS. C.  President, Jas. Webster: vlci'-presldent.  R. F! 'McDonald: recording secretary.  W;in. H. Harm���': corresiiondinjT secretary.  P. Rawlins:, mil Granville street, room 10;  financial secrotary. C. .1. Salter, 413 Powell  street: treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moylrs; delegates to Trades anil  Labor Council. (.'. J. Sailer and F. Hnw-  IIiik:. ,  | :   GEO. HAY   : |  <^     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     Afr  j      Keuovator, makes a suit new.      j  X Dyeing and Repairing. X  A 216 Cambie St., Vancouver. a  ���������������������������������������  HROTIIIORIIOOD OP 1'Al'NTERS AiNIJ  DECORATORS, I^oeal Union No. 1.W.  ileets every Thursdav In Lalior hull. Preceptor. XV. Davis; pie.-Iilent. \V. J'avlcr;  vlcc-pi'esldcnt. R. Cruih: icciirdlnK-secre-  tary, O. i'lnder, 17,'iH Elshth avenue. Pair-  view; Ilnancial secretary, XV. Ilalllilay,  EleMinre House; treasurer. II. MeSorley: trustees, C. Irwin. H. Cross and W.  Cole.  AMALGAMATEn SOCIETY OP CARPENTERS & JOINERS. V.inconvor, 1st  hrnneh, meets every nlternate Tuesdaj.  In room No. 2. Lalior Hall. President. J.  Davidf-on; secretary, J. T. Bruce, 528 Harris   vtrtMt,  v., ..Hits'     UNION.     NO.     XCT���  :> Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union hall. President, A. Kochel; vlce-  piesldent, C. Crowder; secrotary, G.  Thomas, Jr., HS Cordova street west;  treasuier, S. W. Johnson; serjeant-at-  arms. J. XV. Brat; delCRatea to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  THI3 RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets ln O'Brien's Hall, the first ana  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary.  2,022  Wcstmlnstor Avenue. SATURDAY!  APRIti 20, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  BAKESHOPS REGULATION.  The following is an open letter addressed to -Mr. McPhllllps, M. L. A.,  vho has introduced in the Provincial  legislature at Victoria bill No. '20, en-  lilulcd An Act to Amend the Shops  I.e__ulutlon Act, I'.WO. lt has also been  endorsed by the Vancouver Trades and  Labor Council:  Dear Sir:  At a .special meeting of the Vuneou-  \er Journeymen  Halters'  and  L'on_oe-  .tlonei.s' Union, No. I(i, held to consider  thu 1:111 In respect to "Bakeshops refill-  Iation," u copy of which bill reached us  .tluiu gh the kindness of Mr. Hartley,  ��� cf the Vancouver Independent, I was  inbiructed lo express to you our gratl-  Jlcutlon llitil an el'foit Is being made by  .the Legislature towards these   much-  ncoded  improvement of  conditions  In  il-.o bakery and confectionery trade.   I  am at the same time to state our views  and bring lo your notice a number of  ��� clauses und amendments, the inclusion  of which in llie bill are, in our opinion,  called for not only in  tho interest of  bakery workmen but are absolutely ne-  . cessary for the protection and welfare  -of  the public.    The clauses  and  am-  . endmenls referred to are as follows:  Clauses and Amendments.  1. Hours of Labor.���An amendment tc clause seven, providing a Satan-day half-holiday, and limiting the  ���worklnf. time for any one week to 07  hours, except by permission ot the inspector as stated in the clause as it  stands.  2. A clause preventing employment  in bakeshops of boys under 11 years of  -age.  3. A clause abolishing cellar or un-  ���dei ground bakeshops, allowing adequate and reasonable time to employ-  ��� ers to effect necessary changes and ul-  terations.  1. A clause abolishing night work in  bakeshops, except at special times, and  with permission of inspector.  ���j. A clause lequiring employer to  I-cst up a copy of Bakeshops Aot in a  ��� conspicuous place in his bakeshop.  C. The Act to be so amended as to  make it applicable to the City of Vancouver.  In suppoi t of our contention that the  insertion  in   the bill of  tho  aforesaid  ��� clauses and "amendments is necessary  '' to fully protect the workmen and pub-  lie, we'assert that: "Long hours of laboi," "einploynieiit of hoys at too early  an  age,"   "night    work,"  and   "ifellnr  IbEkeshops," ARE TIIE VERY CAUSES  WHICH    HAVE    PRODUCED     THE  'EVIL EFrECTS SOUGHT TO BE REMEDIED HY THE BILL. Past experience   indicates," notwithstanding  fact-  ��� cry inspcctniii. that until these causes  be removed there is small hope that  the bakery goods consumed by the pub-  .lic 'will  bo .produced  in  much  cleaner  ��� or belter ..miliary surroundings, or by  healthier, more moral and intellectually, wcH-dc-vcloped workmen than at  present.       '  To   prove  that  these  assertions  are  well founded, I will take first the article by Dr. Erhard Krciblg, translated  from ihe German, and published In the  Bakers' and Confectioners' Journal, of  February 2'tri!, this year.   As this article covers  the whole ground and is a  strong Indictment, and as words from  such :i source must be worthy of consideration, 1 riuoie at some length.  Dr. Krciblg says:  "lt is quite in line 'to inquire into the  ���causes 'degrading a trade in  which a  man labors wilh  tiie most inolfensive  mateiial, to one of the most unhealthy.  Here we must (irst of all ask the question: Where is our dally bread nianu-  factuicd   and   what  appearance   have  the  work rooms where  the  men  perform tlielr h.nd labor?  "It is well known that the so-called  ���bakeshop-   tire  in  most  cases  cellars,  ���(iie"looi)_lioles_of-whieh~li'_there_aro-  sueh in fact, run even with the street,  Its Iloor being at the same level with  .the ground water, sewers, etc.    OPEN  THE LOOP HOLES and every breath  ��� of wind drives heaps of dust into the  -collar bakeshop;   STOP THE VENTILATION   and   the   exhalations   of   the  sweating  workmen  mingles  with   the  miasms coming  from  the  dump  Iloor  making a stilling mixture of putrelled  nlr.   The steady heal, scraps of dough,  waste llrur. combining with spilled water and other liquids to a tough crust  -covering Ihe Iloor, make a most excellent breeding ground tor vernilns, ������on-  sequently  also for germs  of diseases.  All these beloved animals feel exceedingly well,   wilh   the  exception of the  laborer forced  to exist In  those dens.  ��� One Is now brought to think that under  .such circumstances the hours of labor  were certainly short, to give the men  time    to    recover    tlieir    exhausted  .strength   after  having  exposed   their  "bodies In,such unhealthy rooms.    Far  from It.      No trade works so many  hours, according to reports ot the trade  Inspectors, eighteen hours for a day's  labor is by no means infrequent in the'  is the laborer exploited in such a degree. On the other hand no other trade  avenges this inhuman drudgery so  much upon the general public as this  one; FOR IT IS IMPOSSIBLE THAT  SUCH AN OVERWORKED LABORER can :>iusTr:u so much moral  STRENGTH AS TO PAY HEED TO  TIIL MOST PRIMITIVE RULES OF  HYGIENE AT TIIE .MANUFACTURE  OF THE MOST IMPORTANT FOOD,  IN A LOCALITY WHICH SEEMS TO  BE PI'EDESTINED FOR THE  BREEDING OP FILTH AND TIIE  LODGING  OP   VERMIN'S.  "Ill this way lt becomes olear that  Ihe place meant for the manufacture  of .1 lie food of the people is turned into  the breeding place of disease, endangering producers and consumers alike. It  i.s therefore the duty of all 'to bring  about a clinnge in these conditions.  Th" welfare of the people demands it  aside from other considerations.  "Above all, the bakers, in whoso  hands we have placed our life and  l.<,Mill,'must not be drowsy, overworked drudge, but a laborer fully conscious  of the high trust placed on him; wherefore his working hours must be reduced. Bakeshops must, what Is of the  highest Importance, be situated  ABOVE GROUND, so that the minutest cleanliness anil the most thorough  ventilation can be maintained WITH  EASE."  Dr. Waldo Comments.  Dr. Kreibig's evidence i.s corroborated  by the medical olllcer of health for  Manchester, England, Dr. Niven, who,  in 1SP9, uttered his condemnation in unmistakable terms. And Dr. Waldo,  commenting' on same, said:  "II is Impossible to believe that bakers do not suffer In their health from  such conditions as those mentioned.  Cooped up, perhaps for fourteen hours,  in a hot atmosphere, exposed to dust  from the street and to tho abundant  dust deposited from the shop, inhaling  an atmosphere charged with carbonic  acid lioni the processes of baking,  lrom gas jets, from the breath, and  from the adjoining soil, they are bound  to hiilTei 1 loin lung disease and from  anaemia. Il is not much wonder that  many of them drlnlt to excess, or that  they are specially prone to suicide."  Imagine the "STAFF OF LIFE" being  much' under such conditions.  Shorter Hours.  Apropos of the above and bearing on  cur claim to shorLer working time, ihe  committee of the United States House  of Representatives reporting on the  eight-hour bill, said in part: "The proposition that without variation the eli-'*  niiuaiion of intemperance, poverty,  ���puiipoiit-m, ignorance, crime, and iheir  acei.mpun.\ing evils move parallel with  anil piopcitionale to the Increase of  llie social opportunities of tlio laboring  ci'isN stands without Impeachment ot*  its historical accuracy. No recognised  uutlioilly to-day combats the proposition that the condition of tlie laborer  has Improved with every reduction in  the hours of daily service that iias up  to this lime been made.  "fl Ik nowhere claimed in so far as  youi committee is aware thai any re-  (Ucilon In the hours of labor has had it  detrimental effect on business, on manufacturers, on labor as a unit or individual laborers. The advocates of the  shorter hours theory on the other hand  trace llie mural, social and Ilnancial  improvement of the laborer to this  enure and allege thai business was at  no time injured, but improved, if af-  lecled, and thai production was stimulated and consumption increased."  Ausslg, Bohemia, has a bakery in  which eight hours' work is the established rule,' and the workmen are allowed one week's vacation every year,  at full pay, and this bakery Is reported  as doing a successful business. In  Vicnn;. there is a bakery supplying  300,000 customers, with the eight-hour  day in operation, in Australia In all  'kiuds-of-bakeries���it-i.s���established."  In some places nine hours per day. Is  the time worked. The 37 hours week  was granted lo the bakers of Buckie,  S'Otland, last year, in England Ihe  Saturday half-holiday is a boon to  thousands.  There arc many such cases us these,  but It wih be seen from the Instances  given that our request for a 37 hours  week and Saturday linll'-hollday���or only u concession of 'I hours from the  time now woikcd���Is a very moderate  demand. ,There are trades with less  lesponslblilty to the public, an.l Iu  which llie men do not work under such  oncrvnliiiA conditions thait the eight  und nine hours day have been conceded  to.  Day Work.  SI. Cuuwes, professor at Paris Law  College, and one of the Introductory  speakers at the International Congress  for the legal protection of workmen,  held in Paris, July, 1900, got to the root  of this matter. In concluding his address, he asked: "Is not the legal limitation of the workday the reasonable  censequence of the modern industrial  sjs-tcm?" At this congress a decided  stand wns taken against night work,  and In the bakery trade its abolition  is an essential reform for the well being of the Industry and for the whole-  scmenesi-- of bakery products. Thousands, of employers succeed without It,  and the practicability of Its discontinuance Is demonstrated  dully.  Last year the Bakers' Helper, ofllolal  organ of the Master Bakers' Association of the United States, after inquiry  on tlle spot, cnnie out in favor ot day  work, uml In a letter to that papi'i',  Messrs. Hartnian Brothers, a representative Hi'm ot bakers In Springfield, Illinois, reported the trial of duy work  iii the request ot the operatives as satisfactory, and the writer concluded hy  saying "WE THINK IF BAKERS TRY  IT THEY WILL HE SATISFIED. XVE  BECOMMEND IT TO THEM AS A  GOOD THIXG."  The operative bakers of Liverpool, O.,  although unorganised, have had their  demand for day work acceeded to. In  every instance where day work has  been substituted and given a fair trial  we believe it has been successful and  satisfactory, and its legal enactment  would place till employers on an equal  footing; restraining the inconsiderate  and .protecting the more humane and  progressive.  Night work is destructive of home  life, iind deprives our men of the society of their families, and besides this,  sufficient rest is not obtained owing to  the day's heat during summer, and tlie  workman must return unrefreshed to  toil in a pent up and vitiated atmosphere, for there has been no aeriation  of the placo quitted by the day men.  To use the words of Prof. Cranwe's:  "What is left for the intellectual and  moral life," in such case? The testimony of the doctors is founded on facts  realised in'the actual by many bakery  workmen.  Cellar Shops.  As to cellar or underground bakeshops, why should workmen be compelled to work in these darksome pest  holes? We have this month the case  of one of our members in Utica, U. S.  A., kept to his bed for weeks through  sickness contracted in a cellar bake-  sl op, which the inspector has now or-  deied closed, but not till after the injury litis been dono.  " Not till cellar bakeshops havo ceased  to exist will the men's health be safe,  or the idea;ol' dirt and slovenliness In  connection with our trade be dispelled  from the public mind.  In British Columbia we have land to  give away, and we havo invited the  whole world to come and share it with  ust���free. We are so encumbered with  it that we in some cases even pay them  to take it. lt seems inconsistent then,  that having so much room on the surface, we should make "dugouts." in  which our bakers must work, manutac-  luilng amidst pestiferous surroundings  our most inipoitant article ot foodstuff.  The draft of the Sanitary Bakeshop  law prepared by the Prussian Government in 1000, embodied the abolition ol*  cellar bakeries in its very first paragraph, ln Great Britain they were  condemned years ago, and cannot now  be built, but owing to llie number of  them and the conlliciing interests In  the way in an old settled country tlieir  complete removal was not effected.  Some, in spile of factory  inspection, as many workmen  know, are utterly uiiiil for the purpose  they are used tor. lt is cheerfully admitted that factory inspection has dono  good, but will it do away with tho  evils complained of? We venture to  say it will not, and there is continuation (besides the fart of their abolition  elsewhere), of this view in the strike of  COO bakery workmen in the East Side  SIMPLEST AND MOST OBVIOUS  WAY OUT OF THE TROUBLE IS ABOLITION?  Here i:< a trade, the nature of which  demands that it shall be carried on In  the best possible surroundings. No Inspector has ever issued a report containing a single item favoring cellar  bakeshops, night work, or long hours'  "1 labor. There is nothing from an  hyienlc standpoint to recommend them,  they have no elevating tendency, but  are degrading, physically, morally, and  socially. What honest man can look  humanity In the face and say: "These  things aie good for you?" What man,  having nny sense of his lesponslblllty  towards his fellowmcn can advocate a  continuance of these evils���evils which  stand condemned unreservedly, liy the  roblest minded men und women of  every country.  Wo see the governments of other  countries striving. to rid the bakery  trade of these wretched surroundings���  which have gathered about it in the  rush and whirl of the century's progress���and we humbly suggest that the  time for action in British Columbia is  now, so 'that In this young country  these conditions may not be perpetuated, may not be handed clown to make  miserable the lives and homes of our  craftsmen in the future. There seems  but one difficulty in the way of the  change here���that of adjustment���  which would, I think, be overcome by  the time allowance.  And thus, in our opinion, there Is  every good reason for the enactment  of the amendments and clauses proposed, and we hope that an earnest consideration .will be given them.  On behalf of the THE JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS OF VANCOUVER AND NEW  "WESTMINSTER, LOCAL UNION, NO.  4G.  I remain yours very respectfully,  WM. H. BARNES,  Recording Secretary.  Vancouver, April 13, 1901,  I  a-^y-  The favorite Smoke  -t>��  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  �����<*-  Turner, Beet on i*> Co.  WlioloHule AtfentH  U  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NELSON, ����. C.  I'. O. BOX '.'DO. "I'HONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wmoi.kkai.i: Acii-Nth for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  I3runclH:  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR'SPECIAL, ET_ JUSTILI.O,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street nnd Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      {{Lc^Auif  _ The " King Quality " Shea has W avruded-t-* Qott'-lfeM  ~-~>r ���tho highest award at the Bwria Exposition. J.I1 go��ds>rt'uDE]iimS  UNION LABEL*   Bo smre tbat " King Quality" ir'torucUd 0S.7eu-e-e._t wiSS*.  means perfeotgsatlsfaotion,  Made by THE J. D. KINC CO.. Limited, Toronto.  When you -want to hire a flrst-elas3  horse and bilggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Drink Red Cross Heer, the heer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  BUILDING  THADES   COUNCIL.  At last Friday night's meeting ot  llie Building Trades Council held in  Union Hall, President Joseph Dixon  presided. Four delegates were absent. A sood deal ot* the session was  taken up wilh the consideration of the  now constitution and by-laws, which  were finally adopted and ordered to  he printed. The Independent was en-  doised as the official organ ol' the new  association. As Secretary Weeks has  gone into business, his olllce will become vacant next meeting. Adjourned till Sfitli.  Or  Nli'iV   UNIONS,  .anixer .1.  H. Watson  reports the  FLINTS BROMO GRIPPE CUKE,  never falls to completely, oure ��. col_  wlthln 24 hours. Gives Instant relief���  guaranteed','"your /money hack. 25c.  bakery trade.   In no other occupation I box at McDowell, AUkins, Watson Co.  bakeries of New York city during tho  latter part   ol' 1000,  for shorter hours  of work and better sanitary conditions.  One  of .the  most effective  aigumonts  used on the men's behalf was, "llie exposure of unsanitary, and In some oases  positively filthy conditions prevailing In  underground bakeshops.   So that after  several years' operation of the Factory  Inspection Act we Iind  the New York  factory  Inspector compelled   to  admit  his Inability 'to enforce tho regulations,  in his report  he says: "I think It Impossible lo keep the shops in the Bast  Rale  of New   York  cily clean."    This  n ay be an extreme eiiso, but at least  serves lo show what Is possible.   Even  with the willing co-operation  of employers and. men tho tusk Is too often  futile.   Summonses and fines seem useless, personal recriminations, the shifting of blame from employer to employees, or lo landlord, and vice versa, accomplish nothing.   The fact is, that so  lenff as cellar bakeshops, night work,  nnd long hours exist, there ivlll be evasion;   the duties of the inspector more  arduous, and the carrying out of the  regulations harassing,   vexatious   and  aggravating to all concerned.  DOES IT NOT OCCUR THAT THE  fcrmiition of two new unions and one  partially organized. A brunch of the  Dominion Trades Congress has been  organized at Kamloops with a large  membership and the charter sent tor.  This'organization embraces all classes  of labor unorganized and will have  over J��0 members.  .\ local branch of the Brotherhood of  Railroad Trackmen was organized in  this city last Saturday. This union  takes in all workmen on the iierma-  r.ent way and branches, including  bridge builders, watchmen, switchmen, trackmen, and others. This is a  branch of labor which has stood badly  ir. need of organizing, being the worst  paid men in the railroad service, the  bridge men especially, being skilled  men. should see to it that they don't  Ina in the matter.  The musicians held a mettins last  Sunday to take into consideration the  advisability of organizing a branch of  the American Federation of Musicians.  After a good discussion on the matter,  il was resolved to form such a Union,  Greenlees Brother*  LOHNE, RARE OLD and  G. B. LIQUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to anq other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   809. - Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street.  hud assembled there that evening. The  items on the programme were all good  nnd it is therefore .useless to Individualize.  Tlie meeting adjourns I ill next Sunday  altenioon to allow all musicians lo a-  tend. This is a body of men who  should be organized as they are subject to all sorts of prices for lhelr labors. A union will regulate pri<;es and  make a unity of action possibde.  The Independent wishes those new  unions every success and would recommend lliein not to forgot there is a  labor pnner In Vancouver, which, if  subscribed for. would bo a help to them  t-i keciii posted on all union and lnbor  mailers. ,  LITTERS TO THE EDITOR.  To the Editor of Tin: Indepknoknt:  Sir,���We wish to call llie attention of  all the unions of this city through the  medium of your paper to the fact, that  the Walters and Waitresses of this  city are making strenuous efforts to  get nil the restaurants and hotels to  recognize us, and we n.sk as a favor  for all union men to patronize those  who have signed our scale, .as there  nre reports in circulation to the effect  that union men are patronizing nonunion houses. We hope that these reports are false. The list of fair houses  are as follows: Royal Cafe, Bloom-  iiold restaurant. Gilt Edge restaurant.  .-Ulnnlie. restaurant. Gold Tip restaur-"  nnl. Ottawa Hotel. Reglna Hotel. Glasgow Hotel, Oyster !3_iy restaurant.  Globe restaurant, Europe Hotel restaurant. English Chop House .-e.itaur-  anl. Acadia restaurant, Sherman Hotel, Secord and Clarence.   Yours truly,  CHAS.   OVER.  President Cooks,'  Waiters'  and Wait-  1 esses Local, No. 2S.  Vancouver, April IS, Ifl01.  I HEW VANCOUVER  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled -roods are  all lirsl-class and the prices 'rijrht for  every one.   Seattle Kninier heer, 5 cents.  Gold Seal Canadian Kve is Seagram's  Grand Old Kve. Only, 50c bottle! Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Liquqr_Comj)iiny  Bine Kibbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  From Their Nanaimo, Southfield and  Protection lUniid Collieries,  Steam, &as  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tlie Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screenings*  SAMUEL 31. ROBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents.  Vancouver City, B, C.  Why do you cough  when "BIG 4  COUGH GIRE " will cure you.  THERE IS  IN A WORTHY CAUSK.  Tin* concert in 11 id of the Postal Employees' r.'Miellt Association held at the  Theatre lloyul on Wednesday niKlit  miis a lilt, success, both in point of at-  l��mliint'c and talent, and Rival credit.  Is due tlie enciRctlc committee for it.  l"il.i Worship Mnyor Townley's npenlns:  remarks were pertinent nnd received  well-merited applause. lie said that  It was a crying: shame that the iwv-  erninent should employ men In the postal service for $1 to ^1.,"i0 a day. There  were over '20 men in the service in this  city, but only 13 were on the permanent staff, tho balance beine; considered as extras. It was principally In  aid of these that the large gratherlng;  To cure la grippe Inside of 4S hou-rs  take FLINT'S .BROMO GRIPP-l  OURE. Gmuranteea. 2fc. box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson 'Co.  A BEVERAGE  which pIcnRoH ii iimlority of tliohc who  nre fond of ii good gliiss of lieer, is our ���  specially browed llolieiiilim Heer. Carefully prepared from selected materials,  it Is a wholesome drink and contains no  harmful ingredients; indeed it is highly recommended as a spring tonic.  Doering& Marstrand  TELEPHONE 429  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  ELECTRIC  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Of-.  fice of  B. I Electric!. ft  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"tho ,'  builder np of the weak"-^50cbottl."'| ;*'  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender streoU' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY ............APRIL 27, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  3-EO. BARTLEY   Editor  HARRY COWAN  Business Malinger  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   TUB   INTEREST   OP   ORGANISED  LABOR  TUB INDEPENDENT PRINT1N0 COM-  P.VNY..        '* ��� '  AT  312   110M"BR   STREET,  VWR,   If.   C.  VANCOU-  SI'ltSCRU'TIONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A week, C cents; month, IS cents: three  months. i"i cents; six months, 05 cents  one year, $1.25.  ENnonercn hy the tradrs and  LAltOR COUNCIL. AN'D TIIE VAN  COUVIOR LAflOR PARTY.  S.v'l'l*  .APRIL 'IT, ISO I  ���V   :"i!0 COPPER CLASA  -���  |i.���   . <.v"r'wis a city council that  b-.M-.   ii'"1->d  fixinij.   it   Is  the  unhiiie  ����������������� ���-  *:��n in control of municipal uf-  laP    *���'  Ihli cllv.    It must he painful  toi   |ij-   ".'osshiji  to  have   to  ��it  still  and li'-i'n  tn and  watch  the antics of  lii* .,...-nni-ite>!.   These aldermen arc not  only null   for the honorable positions  to vlrc'i  Ihey have been entrusled  tn  fill by tlio eiti��.ens. but net as ;!i<>u(.li  tl-ei!  power was sell'-derlvcd and autocratic.   They  apparently  don't   care  i  tinV"'<: cirse about  the fair re'pipols  of their constituents,   lt may be stated  th"t f''r "11 practical purposes tint th  ].,,.:, ��.-��� pip-iclty of the city fathers is  ri ,..,-,.,.. piert   to   that   of   the   copper  cl  ������       ' ���'������tlilnir beyond that is of loo  ���..,...,   .,   m.,.!nitude  for  llieir  massive  Intiii^c1,    in   trrapple   with.   Instances  In   Ih"   proceedincrs    of  Inst    Monday  night's   meeting    show    two     things,  namely,   smillness   and    meanness   in  snv'il in"tiers, and reckless incapacity  in   hi--   things.   The   latter   n.ppncK   to  the pi'ttinsf through of the deal made  wit1' ih" Plive Lake Power Company,  It wii.'i p-ictically understood that be-  fo-e  till'- bv-law came  into existence,  that  the city would publish the agreement-fnr a few davs at least, so that  the citizens would ha.ve some chance of  knowIiiT exactly  what    it    contained.  The  only  reasons  advanced -why  this  was not  done -was  that the dally papers would eueh charge the outlandish  sum  of {IS each for so doing,  and  it  v.tis not worth the expenditure involv  c-d.   No doubt T proper representations  had lien made, the papers would havo  gladly helped the aldermen out of their  unfortunate   difficulty,   by   publishing  the same without charge.   Aid. Wood,  Mhen  he  made  the  suggestion   lo  the  finance   committee   that  this   sum   be  expended,  was  promptly  sat on  an a  squanderer ol" the city's money in fake  advertising.   The subject matter of the  agreemnt in question is of a most important character, as it deals with the  jriving away ot civic privileges for fifty  years.      This   mere   bagatelle   by-law  was   put   through   all   its   stages  and  finally passed at the one session of tno  council.  The other instance mentioned above  ��� ivas  that  the  finance committee's  report, giving the cily advertising lo the  daily papers, was adopted by the council without a murmur. .Though in justice to Aid. Fraser it may be said that  he put In a good  word  In  committee  foi   the weeklies,  wlvh ho considered  were entitled to some consideration by  the council.   'Che city -wi-ting and advertising lias been on  the  tapis since  tlie   beginning   of   the   year,   and   has  caused   no  end  of  discussion  in  committee.   The mount Pleasant Advocate,  Hie only means by which a poor widow  earns n  livelihood, was  lonned off_(lie  list  of  city   advertising   mediums   for  economy s sake,  when as a matter of  fact, in proportion lo its size and Kites,  it is just as useful un institution on  "the hill" as are the dailies, or even  tiie Stave Lake Power Company. Of  course, Tho Independent did not expect consideration from the present  gang at the city hall, who wish tlie  devil had It holus linlus. but some day  there may be a council who will recognize the just demands of the working-  men's organ of this city. The Independent as an advertising medium Is  just as Important as any In this city.  was, we believe, ipiitc unique in the  history of budgets, and remarkable  even for that country of such marvelous resources. Willi a population al  tin- time of about 70.000,000 ipcople, lt  i". presented $11.US per head of everyone  within tlie domain of the republic. The  expenditure was considered lavish and  extravagant, and only Justified because  nl' being largely made up of tin lucreas-  i'iI pension list nnd necessary public  ttirkN. iliivcti'y undertaken by the rov-  ���'luuieiit.  At iflir.t glance our llllle live millions  li quite Insignificant with the above,  hut compared with ,our population II  ".slimes a (illferent aspect, if we take  20n,i\oo as the number of our  ���iilialiltants.   this   proposed    grant   to  .llwiys means $25 p-r head from  ���veiy nn.i, woman and child within  the province. According to the usual  intimate to a household, this loan  would mean a mortgage of $1-5  'lan.ein:," over every humble home in  KrilMi Columbia. When we rolled  that this amount of money is to be  '.ranted In aid railways, without any  value rcci'ived In return. It might b  uc-ll for Ihe people to consider at what  M-ice ,it Is pi'olltable In obtain these  lines.  Kveryoni  ������.������lit   inoi  hould   be  *n   thnt  tc-rests  of  ������cl.   As  is agreed that we  ��� railways., and that they  obtained by Hie best bar-  can be driven, all the in  the frovtnee being consul  vc.ard-s the proposed V., V  ": IS . a strong feeling prevails through  -'t the country thai it should he own  "1 end operated by the government.  '���K-oed there i* littlo reason to doubt  I hat If the mailer were submitted to  '���r.pular -vole that the people would  'Vcle.re that it should at least belong to  the  province,   ln  our humble  opinion  ���ue ha step would mean something  mure than the principle ot government  ownership.   11 involves a guarantee of  r.inmereial expansion, generous under  the fair-freight rates thereby assured  but which on the other hand would be  meagre and desultory if a company  had the carrying trade completely ln  their hands. It will bo held that competitive railways will probably eventually traverse the route of the project  cd V., V. & E. Bui where two lines  draw traflic from a single source and  that -source is not sufficient to keep  cue road working to its full capacity,  then dividends representing twice the  -'.mount of capital that should be in  vetted, is taken from the unfortunate  otoplo and industries which patronize  the lines.  According to the proposed program,  the present and future generation will  be called upon to pay a bonus for this  ;oad, not only through the provincial  government, but it is not unlikely that  the dominion government will also be  asked to contribute and to double the  �����ir.o_int as is usual in such cases.  If the province grants $5,000 per mile,  and the Dominion $10,000, or a total of  '15,000 per mile, for fair railroading,  >ven in such a country as this, it will  if more than enough to cover half the  tr lal cost. Resides cash subsidy granted, there is the right of way, and.,a  ���-���nchise which will doubtless carry  '.itli them exclusive railway privileges  n the country for a term of years.  In  consideration  of  these  donations  nd concessions, some clause no doubt  ���'11 bo Inserted in the charter, which,  i  il  will  be  alleged,   will  completely  ontrol the freight rates. This Is a very  ���nestionable  advantage.   The    history  ���*"   these   tariff   controlling   conditions  Vive  shown   that  they  restrain  from  'Mortion  to a very disappointing ex-  "���iit.   As  a case  in   joint,   the  White  "tss and Yukon Railway, no later than  '���'. other day, announced that a reclue-  "nn in rates would  be made over its  i*5 miles of haul to $1.50. per 100 pounds.  'n'lc-ad of $5, as formerly charg..d, de-  licnstrates   conclusively    enough    the  ���"hie of government control.  Vi'o hold  that  If the country grants  THE COMMISSION.  The Chinese commission now sitting  in this city will produce sufficient data and evidence to wan-ant the dominion government In prohibiting further Oriental Immigration. Other countries have had to slay the yellow wave  In self-prcservatlim and no sound reason for permitting tills country to be  ovirllown with a people who bleed It  to the very death has ever cxlsled.  Hasten! Canada Is teeming with men  and women who would gladly avail  themselves or the opportunities ItrltMi  Colunibla offers lo wage earners and  homo builders wore It not for the presence here of Japanese and Chinese.  To exipcet white men to compete with  coolie labor Is equivalent to degreda-  tlon from civilization to barbarism.  Surely there are enough poor persons  and enough ot Indigenous wickedness  in 1!. C. without Importing from the  Orlc-nl by the shipload. At the seshons  lliis week some convincing testimony  was given, principally by the Indians,  against the Chinese. Mr. Alexander  put up a strong case for cheap labor.  The wages question being the most apparent, will appeal to the manufacturers, but the student of 'economics  ���,-pn-. thai low wages act like a booin��r-  ang on the vitals of the community.  One Idea, the masses must bear in mln-!  i-; the production of facts���let them b��  over so insignificant���ito prove thn.t  Chinee and Japanese labor is not  wanted. The servant girl problem  should bo Introduced. Women doing  housework should not fail to tell the  commission how the .Mongols affect  tlieir occupation.  Union orators might profitably make  note of the fact that in addressing  new unions a fund of facts is more effective than flowery figures of speech.  The railway unions of the country  aro becoming veiy powerful. They will  ere long be in a position to take a utep  that will make organized labor inrin  cible. That step will be affiliation with  the American Federation of Labor.  The red label of the Upholsterers  and the blue labels of the Cigarmakers  and Tobacco Workers, the brown laboi  of the Hatters and the -white label of  the Garment Workers���In fact, all labels, are powerful weapons for the  rights of organized labor, and It costs  you nothing to use them.  It has been said by one of our ex  changes that the great majority of  workingmen in the province, by sending their orders to eastern sweat shops,  arc not desirous of seeing local stores  established nor towns built up. This  Is a mistake. The workingmen appre-  ciale, the presence of local stores. They  know how -convenient It Is to hare  some 'place to stand off for their supplies when they are out of work and  have not the ready cash to send east.  They never ask credit from the departmental stores where many of them  send their orders, and It would do them  no good if they did.  Three Things of  Emjjortance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter moro largely into the  art of buying than anything  t'lse. If tlio Prico is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what 'makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want to  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the head1  quarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  ito Mnjtmje/4&/ &*& -frnMsrued/  &ns  OT- ftAStffauU  diwAvTva, ir r  <#*& /U&M/  BUCHANAN & WHITE  D1!��SJ&E PAINTERS  725 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. n. TYSON,  ' WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALKll IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Massey - Harris mid Steams  -AIL SIYUS  BICYCLES AIL PRICES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best pliieo In I!. 0. tu lmve your  Bicycle repaired.  NOTICE.  We are aealn offering a Scholarshli  free for tuition and books to the student  of Pulilie Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination with the highest marks ln Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Com  position and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principal*  of the Schools or the undersigned.  Tlie. II.B. A.Yogcl Commercial CoHegc  P.   O.   Box  847.  Vancouver,  B.  C  Cigar arad Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  ....    IE ��� HHIliS 1 ill Ml MS. -  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls and Junipers, also a  first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion Labor  is employed.  AVe guarantee a perfect fit or no salo.  CLUBB & STEWART,  Try a bottle of Bison Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7-10 Pender street.  Now, gentlemen, here is tlie shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. ,T. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  TELEPHONE 702.  100 CORDOVA STREET.  JlAILliOAD BUILDING.  According to the iinnounceinciit of  Mr. Turner, minister of finance, in the  legislature the other day, live million  dollars will represent the figures in  the budget to lie devoted to aid railway construction, and therefore our  indebtedness will bo increased to that  amount to supply the necessary funds.  It sounds like a comparatively small  sum for a government to dispose of,  until the figures are analyzed.  A few years ago the world was astonished at the prodigality of the famous  "billion-dollar congress'/' of the United,  States.*"The laiie1 per. cap.Ita.'involved  ���lid to railroad building to such an extent as equals half tiie cost, with no  \-lup received, it would seem no more  limn o common sen^e business urupo  '.lllon if they contributed llie other  ';alf and hnve an asset for the full  "it cunt, nnd with it the guarantee that  Hie people will not lie compelled to pay  'ugh dividends on unnecessary capital  ���ind watered stock. The interest of  '���very man wlio works i.s Involved In  lhose questions. If, for example, a  Piine will not pay by reason of high  freight ratesi etc., expenses musl lie  irt down nnd there Is a fain liar way  li which this Is brought about. With  lb" disappointing experience of the  miH before lliein, the people are Justl-  "cd In demanding a change In methods  nt dealing with the tiansporta.tion  ���pestlon, which means so much to the  'iiflustilos from which it Is expected  o many mouths are to be fed.  There died at Richmond, Va., recently  ."'���v. John Jasper, who achieved fame  through his declaration that the "sun  do move." Very shortly the person who  leclares that "competition is necessary  to human progress", will be as great a  curiosity aa the late Mr^, Jasper was  in his day.  The Stiindiird Cnniulinn Piauos  THE GERARD EH,  IHE BELL, IHE HEME  The Standard English Instruments  THE BROflDWOOD, THE BRU),  THE GOLLARD S GOLLARD.   All the nbove at=   BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  540 Granville Street, Opposite l>. 0.  All Musical Supplier  WE PUT UP LUNCHES  for fishing,' picnic and excursion  parties, so nicely and so reasonable  in price that it does not pay you to  prepare one at home. Visitors to  the park or the bay should run in  and get lunch put up while they  wait. It costs but a few moments  and very little cash.  SHIRTWAIST  for Setting), $ 1.3�� for 13  SLACK LANGSHANS  Poultry  Stock took Flrsl l'rlzu nt   11KKJ  Show ut Vancouver.  IJ rock ton Point  Li^lit house.  W.   1).   J (INKS  The best Cough Cure is  �� BIG 4 '  have you tried it?  Hotels.  , MAKKS A hl'KCMLTV  Ol' .  o    Mrs special Liqueur, oiso ��� ���  o    usner's Black Latiei Liqueur wnisKy  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMI'OKTKU AND DOMKSTIC ,  . Ciqars. '  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cob-; 1:11 Cordova and Caiuull.  Arlington Hole!  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for thocngincuriug trade ���  in Vancouver. ,  CHOICEST^���is^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms Irom 60 cont�� up. '  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  The"  Seymour Streeet,  Baker and .  Confectioner,  -113 Hastings Street.  J. OBEN  Telephone 307.  ���������������������������������������  | :   GEO. HAY   : $  A      Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes      ^k  ������       Renovator, makes a suit new.      "J  ^ Dyeing and Repairing. X  ^k '        216 CtMmE St., VAKCourcrt. ^k  s here again nnd we want to remind tbe  ladies tlint if they waul llrst-class work tliey  should send their blouses and shirt waists to  us. We have special machinery for this work  and help tbnt work at nothing else from one  week's end to nnother.  What wc guaranteo is that wo will turn out  your shirtwaists looking as well ns when they  came from the store.  And as comfortable as good looking.  Pioneer Steam Laundry  D. JT. STEWART, Pnoi-niETon.  Phone 346.      910 to 014 Richards St.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  6am Nesbitt Mn nagcr.  Week Commencing Monday  5 New Star*  THE RYUERSONS.  THE FRAWLEY SISTERS.  ALE JAMES.  Come and Have a Good  Time.,  THE INDEPENDENT  $1.25 a Year.  512 Westminster Avenue.  BOOKS, STATIONERY  AND FANCY GOODS  SCHOOL BOOKS AND  SCHOOL SUPPLIES  Magiizine __xelinii(.'e in I'onuectiun.  We Have Received  During the past week one of the best  ���iffiortments of dinner and toilet sets  Hint hns ever come to Vancouver, nnd  nt prlcos never before quoted by anyone. We havo 97-plece dinner sets at  Jil.25, S8.G0, $9.23,'. $10. $10.75, $12.50, and  'ilgher. Painted toilet sets, fancy designs, at *1.75, $1.90, $2, $2.50.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  .;..Crockery and. Housefuraishings,   '  406 and 408 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  Qf)3n9a3C>flSnfl03003a333330330rl3��3(_.Oaon333'J��33003090S3a390n:$r,0933033903a93-393ROCPO  Ona3O3O33309Ot3*3-33Oi3OC3l-OCO3n933993933333CUgOO9eO-3��3O��3i9333333333UUO3aOUCOCOr.^  rn  09  ���-JU  GO  UO  OO  un  oo  oo  OO  o_  on  oo  no  no  no  OO  OO  oa  03  CO  03  UO  no  CO  aa  oo  CIO  si  oo  VERY STRANGE.   VERY TRUE.  An Indian, Christened in South Africa,  Registered in Ottawa.  An elegant Indian was added to our family of Package Teas tlie other clay.  99   is tbe name of this  beautiful tea ....  Guaranteed a Pure Indian.    Packed in the Gardens.and shipped direct here.  Tbe great demand to-day is for a pure Indian Tea that can bo sold at a  reasonable prico.   We JFecl we are now in a position to su|)|>Iy this demand.  "KHAKB" has four strong points���Fragrance, Flavor, Purity, Strength;  and one more���the price is hight.   Only 25 cents per pound.  OO  OO  t>3  Ull  03  OO  CU  on  oa  on  oo  I  oo  oo  oo  oo  CO  The Citu grocery Company,  The Wonderful Chteb Grocers,  WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  1  :r*i^gag^Stf�� ** *miSi ffi;>#:^&^  .';���%';'  -mpjCiiwi^i^  SATURDAY   APRIL 27, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  I.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, " President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Liox 139; llnanclul secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee���  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 7.30 p. m��� in Union  Hall, cor.  Dunsmulr and Homer strcetB.  RAILWAY SCHEMES.  TUXAIJA M1NUH3' UNION, No. 113. XV.  V. iM., meets every Saturday ut 7.1)0 |i.m.  In Fore-turn' hall, Van Anda. President,  11. Altkon; vice-president, C. A. Melville:  secrotary, A. Hapor, Van Audn, IJ. C:  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklater.  COOKS. WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. !S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jus. II. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellonder. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. in. In Union Hall, corner Homer  ���and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'B TYPOC-RAPIIICAL UNION,  No '220 meet tho Inst Sunday In each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Cmiipliell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothnrd, P. O. box Ii8;  treasurer, AV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  L. Woodruff, 8. II. ltouh, J. li. Browne.  N. Williams; delegates to Tr.i_c- and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall. Robt. Todd,  J.   H.   Urdivne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Mcets second and fourlh Wednesday of  -each monlh, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. .Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall,  sentinel, F.C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and La'bor-Council: John Pearey,  J.is. Barton. Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dlcklo and  ���J.   Howes.   ?   ?  UNITED 'BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday -In Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. McKen-  rle, IS" Ninth avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson: recording secretary, A. E  Collin. 730 Nelson'street; Ilnancial secretary, PI. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georg<e  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; war-  den, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L  ���council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  II. Wilson.   ?    ,,: :'���  ���THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Diuijgnjuli' and Homer  streets.--J.'Stoney! vice-president: R. J.  ���JJeary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. Visiting brethren Invited to at-  ���tend. . -."'a?-  .INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodg��, No. IS3���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday In  each m-onth in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer: corresponding secretary, E.  ' Tiir.mlns, 726 Hamilton street; financial  ���secretary, J. H. MoVety, 131 Seymour  :street.   ,.  The railway scheme ol the Government brought down this week is one ot  the most scandalous and outrageous  e\ei presented to any house of repre-  Kentatlves. The country has asked for  bread, in the shape of n. permanent,  well guverned, government-owned railway, bringing ln good wages to all employed upon It, und the opening up of  the country, but the government In  answer to the almost unanimous cry  of tlio country, has given a stone, or  rather a mill-stone, which is Intended  to cliown the entire Province In the sea  created by and for the interest ot the  large monopolies who have put their  cloven feet upon tho vast area of country already In its possession.  Under clause S (sub-sec. b) this Province is asked to Rive a. subsidy of $1,000  per mile,  to the F,. & N. railway, to  extend tlieir railway to Cape Scott, 2-lfl,  miles approximately,  or In round .flg-  ui es $000,000.   The object of this line of  railway is to open up �� short sea trip  to  Skagway and    Dawson,   taking all  freight direct from the east and Victoria by rail to the Dawson gold Held1!  or to Atlin.   Now who irc the real oivn-  "r of the E.  & N.  railway company?  Who Is It that is asking the country to  ','ivc him ?3G0,000 to build his railway?  I wonder whether the premier of British   Columbia   is   the  _nme  gentleman  who Is alio the president of the E. &  N. company.   T think so,  and Just lei  tne say I do not blame him for askinfr  'ir tli I'i money, although If I w'ere pre-  ���nler nf the province I could'not in all  conscience coerce my  cabinet nor my  followers   in   the   house   to   vote me  money  in   tills  way.   Who  will   be  to  blame If this free gift,of $900,000 passes  the   house?   Who?   Why  every   member who votes for It, but especially any  member who was returned to tho house  in, a supporter   of   government-owned  railways.  But the sub-sec. A of this Infamous  act Is a direct and wilful attempt to  injure the City of Vancouver.   You are  AMONG THE POSTMEN.  The postmen of Toronto will hold a  lwonlight excursion'on June 23th next.  The  Knights' 'of/Labor    In   Eastern  Canada, are endeavoring to complete  a district trad" organization of letter  carriers. j  A correspon/lent has written an account of nn interview with Air. Suth-  oi land, M. P., on behalf of tho C'anu-  dlun letter curriers, but that his line  promises have not materialized, though  the time Is long overdue. An ugly  spot is seen on the horizon. Tho M.  T.'s are most unxlous to Increase their  own salaries by *300 a year. This fact  is considered to be the very worst possible- thing for the letter carriers, for  It will moan to them that they will not  be In it. The Mulock Liberal Club, of  Toronto, last week passed a set of resolutions backing up the claims of the  h-lter carriers nnd sent them on to  the government. Something on these  lines should be done in Vancouver.  Some dissatisfaction exists among  postmen who are entitled to sick pay,  but can get no satisfaction from the  department.  The Montreal letter carriers are put-  tin.: up a good fight for their rights.  1 he M. P.'s ot that city assure them of  '.heir  support  CANADIAN NOTES.  :isked   to  grant    $',(KW   per  mile  to  a  ^^ST^^^fiJ^^ng. "<���* "��� "*nSHBh Bluff near Point  ���Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. Presl- Roberts to Midway via ChllliwacJ.."  ���dent,  F. Williams;    vice-president,  Miss  ���Graham; recording secretory, H. O. Bur-  ritt: Ilnancial secretary, Tremalne Best;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  -arms, J.  Daoust.  THE VANCOUVER LA'BOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month, in Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartley: llrst vice-president.  Geo. Wilby: second vice-president. T. H.  Cross: recording secretary, L, D. Taylor;  ilnancial secrotary, John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  VA NCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION.  No. 2. Meets In (;Labor Hall, Homer  ���street, overy first nnd third Saturday ln  ���each month at S p. m. Alex. Bruce, presl-  -dent: Chns. Durham, secretary, S_7 Har-  i rls streot. k  .JOURN'EYMISN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'L Union of  America, Local, No. -10; Vancouver, B. C.  President;'-Jas. Webster; vice-president,  R. F. McDonald;, recording secretary,  Wm. II. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  F. Rawlins, nin Granville street, room 10;  financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell  Btreet: treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moylcs; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, O.'J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling.  BROTHERHOOD OF :PArNTKRS AND  1*15' ORATORS, , Local Union No. MS.  Meets every Thursday In Labor hall. Pre-  ciptor, W. Davis; president, W. Pavier;  vice-president,: E. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1759 Eighth avenue, Fair-  view; ': financial secretary, W. Halllday,  Elcsmcro House; treasurer, H. MeSorley: trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  Colo.',-,.-'.,.?--..'    .���?������.:'.���  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tuesdai.  In .room No. 2, La'bor Ilnll. President, J.  Davldcon; secretary, J. T. Bruce, 32S Harris   streot.  '.' . . . ER-',,- UNION, NO. 337-  Meets the first Tuesday In each month  In Union.hall. President, A. Kochel; vice-  pi esldent, C. Crowder; secretary, G.  ���Thomns, Jr., -14S?.Cordova street ivest:  treasurer, 'S. W. 'Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. -Brat; delegates to Trades  .���in-' Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, the first and  M.'rrt- Tues'1i'V8'.of each month. T. A.  Phillip, pri-si'ient; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2.022  Westminster' Avenue.  Here Is a typical advertisement that  _nppetti-_!_,ln_.sc_.veraUof__-Our_great_niaga^  zincs:  "The ������ Card System Is  simple. So simple that a gild at $1 a  week can take care of records and accounts that, witli books, demand an  expensive man."  There is food for thought in that. It  ���is an advertisement; hut It linPPein to  tell the truth, nevertheless. And yet  there are young men wondering why  It Is Unit they-flnd it harder than their  fathers did to Iind employment nt  wages that,wiil enable them to support a homo decently.  The Mlit  Is    tlio   new    saloon   lit   the   comer  of Ciirriill and  HitstiniM 8trecti).   Cuhc  Ifnniln'iirn the Ixisl, and  llie prices 0. K.  Seattle Iliilnier lii'��r, 5 cents.  Where is English Bluff? Let me tell  you. English Bluff is between Point  Roberts and Ladnens, and the only  communication to be had with Vancouver is b.v steamer or via New Westminster when the railway bridge Is  built. This means that a fast ferry  boat (or boats) will be put on to VIc-  tr,W:i to divert all the traffic from Vancouver, and as far as possible tb feed  Ihe extension of the E. & N. railway,  for which you aro to give the large  amount already referred to. This is  not all the proposed mischief ;n this  bill. Conditions nre lakl down in the  bill which are to be debated by the  house, and I think the government will  consent to very stringent nmendmentw  to be put in the bill, provided that sub.  sec. G. is passed as part of the bill.  This sub-section reads: "Thnt the  conditions of this section (section 10)  may be varied at any time and so from  time to time and as often as the Lieu-  tenant-Governor-ln-Council may deem  advisable, etc."  Section 10 of the act contains all the  conditions under which the charters  are to be run, arid yet after these conditions are passed by the house. If the  Lieutenant-Governor-in-Counell, which  really moans the premier and the other  members of the cabinet, or in other  words the president of tlie E. &. N.  railway and the members of; tlie cabinet "tuny vary at any time the conditions" .under which -hey are building  and operating the railways, and if the  conditions which they hare already  varied or altered do not fit in with  the requirements of the rail- ���>>* magnates, then fiom "time to time." yea, as  often ns they, the magnates, rcuire it,  so   shall   the   Lieutonant-Governor-ln-  Ciiuneii-altei���the���condit'nns. Was"  there over a more preposterous and  outrageous proposal nvule.-to nny pen-  i'le, yet if we can believe Mr. Smith  Curd'--, and I think he ("in be tru'led.  one of our Vancouver members has  tIvpii his he,'i>'ty sn"iiort to this shanie-  ���'"' blow aimed at Vancouver nnd this  ui'hoard of deal to compel tho people of  i'iN province to Ivnd over $.1,000 000 to  'Ml tlie pockcti of weilthy railway cor-  nrralloiis. Watch nnd If n��cosnry fight  ���'KPlnst this outrmro unnn the province.  SOUTHERN CIIOSS.  While considerable has been heard of  the attempts made by the letter carriers of Canada to secure a living wage  there are row who know exactly how  '���mail a wage the men .actually get.  Perhaps the most exasperating feature  ror the cirners Is the fuel that they  irp leceiving less to-day than twenty-  i>: years ago. The last quarter of the  "most wonderful century In the world's  'n<-toi-y" saw not advancement, but re  trogression for tho Canadian letter  curriers. '  The schedule in 1S73 was: Minimum.  ^00: maximum, $500; annual Increase,  *:0; time ta,ken to reach maximum,  five ye_ars.  Tn ISM: Minimum, $300; maximum,  W0; annual increase, $30; time taken  lo reach maximum, ten years.  Tt will be noticed that'the minimum  wage decreased MW) since 1S75, and the  "rinual increase $10, and the time to  -each the maximum doubled. The minimum wages were equal to 94 cents a  day.  Tn 1SS1: Minimum, $360; maximum,  *M-0; annual increase, $30; time taken  to reach the maximum, eight vears. c>  Tn 1901: Minimum. $360. less 5 "per  cent., leaves $342; maximum, less 5 per  crnt.. leaves ..370; time taken to reach  maximum, eight years, and indeed frequently ten to twelve years.  The wages paid laborers and mechanics furnishes an interesting contrast.  Tn 1S75 laborers received SO cents per  day for ton hours; mechanics $1 to  $1.50.  In 1901, wages paid laborers, .$1.50  per day for ten hours; mechanics, $1.73  *o S.l.fO per day.  It will thus be seen that in the  twenty-six years the mechanics' wages  Increased 116 2-3 per cent., and the laborers 87 1-2 per cent., an a-verago of  10.1 per cent. In the same period the  letter carriers' wages decreased 1 2-3  per cent., lenivlng a difference between  mechanics and laborers and the letter  carriers of 103 2-3 per cent. In the face  ot these facts it seems difficult to realize how a government professing to  have a buoyant revenue and a largo  surplus over current expenditure can  refuse to pay Its employees a fair, day's  pay. It Is a sound fundamental economic truth that governments should  set tho^ example lo private employers  In  the matter of paying wages.   It is  i' -i-i  a poor example for  a  government to  be Paying 1 2-3 per cent, less than was  paid twonty^six years ago, while private emploi'ors are paying an average  of 102 per cent more.  Some Japs have made their nppear-  uuee ln Sundon and have opened up u  laundry.  A very successful complimentary  banquet was tendered to Mr. E. J.  DuulicKiiay, superintendent of the C.  I'   K., recently nt ReVelstoke.  Several of the snuUlcr cigar manufacturers of Montreal have signed the  new scule, and the men aro back at  work. Other factories express the determination to fight the thing out.  The domestic servant problem may  be saved In Toronto by the importation of Chinamen. The Grand Union  hotel has decided to make the experiment and others will probably follow  suit.  Tho Union Label bill has been thrown  out by the Senate committee on banking and commerce. The bill was supported by Mr. Glockllng of Toronto,  Mr. Maxwell, of Vancouver, and the  l.i bor members of parliament, and opposed by Secretary Russell of tho  .Manufacturers' association and many  others.  The telephone girls ac Winnipeg; wont  out on strike on Friday, completely  tying up the service for almost an hour.  The cause was the installation of a  new chief with orders to see that the  operators paid more attention to ms-  cipline and rules. The manager ttave  them five minutes to go back or quit,  and they decided to stay out, causing  great inconvenience to the business  part of the town. -The general public  is- in sympathy with the girls.  The Nelson Miner, says: "A recent  cose in the police court at Ferule indicates that the officials of the coal  mines are taking the' utmost precautions to overt accidents. A miner,  named Emtio Mergeuk, was detected  pmoklng in No. 1 mine, where safety  lamps were in use. He was summoned  before a magistrate for breaking the  regulations ot the Coal Mines' Regulation act, convicted and fined $5 and  eests or 34 days' imprisonment. Mer-  guek paid the fine.  The steamboat firemen Who .make"  Victoria their headquarters met in  Salmon's hall on Tuesday, and organised a union ln connection with the  International 'Longshoremen's association. The officers of the new union  are: President, Frank Abbot; vice-  president, Thomas, Landy; secretary,  Alexander McLeod; treasurer, F. W.  Shade; sergeant-at-arms, S. McKlnnon. It is the Intention to have all  the steamboat men organize. Already  the engineers, firemen, 'longshoremen  and decikhands have their unions.  r  9*��^-  The Favorite Smoke /-  HBB^.  -"��*<��  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Wily? Because it is Union Made.  ��<*.-  Turner, Beeton if* Co.  Wholesale Auuntu  VANCOUVISR, VICTORIA, NELSON, B. C.  P. O. BOX 'JM. 'PIIOKK 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wl_OLI.l_A_.I_   Aqekts FOIt  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  MONOGIJA.M, MABGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTIILO,  EL CONDOR, SARAXTIZADOS, SCHILLER,'  Corner Alcxiindcr Sireet nnd Columbia Avenue, Vnncouvcr, B. C.  **-5a*S_2_2E5EE_  ���hM_*-Ji    J_. J 1 _M-_-_-  .*a**v  SiS_SS__S5Ii_____S3S_-  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.       f^GquAirr/  T.ha " Kmp Quality " Shoe has bsBn awarfod tho Gold M-iai.  tiv^TT.^t��� -2 hlKue9t awrd at the Paris Exposition. All goods itunuid ni*  DMON LABEL. Be aura that "King Quality" ia branded on rem thoaW, wh!(��  means perfect|_ablsfaotioa  Made by THE j. p. KING CO., Limited. Toronto.  Greenlee* Brothers,  LORNE, UAUE OLD and  Q. B. LiaUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to ahi) other brand.  J.   1^.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, "40 Pender street.  TIlTipE TEARS OF UNINTERKUPT-  Drink Red Cro��H Hwr, the beer that's  pure, 75c pint*-', 1(1.50 do/,, quarts. Gold  Peal Liquor Co., 7411 Pender street.  Gold Seal Canadian Rvc is Seagram's  . Grand Old Rve.': '>iily,v50c bottle. Gold  Soul Liquor (Vrnipnnv.     '"   '  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore railing appetite and  correct any kind  of stomach' trouble,  tin e. box".   MeDoWell; Atkins,1. Watson  .Co. '    '*'  1  A mass meetliit? of the Extension,  R C, miners will lie held early In May  to illscusM tlie wriRe3 question. Hon.  -Innies Dun.suiulr, prcmrtoDt of the com-  oeny, has proinl��od to arrange for an  'dip day and to grant free triinsimrta-  ilon for this purpose.  The troubles of the Leyland line's  new Atlantic service at Quebec are just  beginning. Tho ship laborers' rates  are 12 l-2c. per hour higher than the  Montreal laborer, and they say they  will not reduce them. The Leyland line  Is willing to give the same rate as in  Montreal, but no more.  *  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CTJ1RE.  neve.* falls to completely.cure a cold  ���within 24 hours., Gives'instant relief���  cruaranl*?ed, your, iworjey; ,Uack. " 25c,  box'at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  ED SUCCESS.  Saturday, April 13th. was the third  anniversary of tlie Tl. O. Permanent  1.0:111 & Savings 0011111.1115-, of Vnncouvcr, B. C. and the illnancial statement  just Issued shows that the assets ot  the company have Increased from $136.-  S3."i.fi- on April 13, WOO, to $292,8.13.22 on  April 13. 1001. This Is a remarkable Increase for the short siiaco of twelve  months. The subscribed capital has Increased from one million dollars to one  million live hundred thousand dollnrs,  and the mortgage loans from S13fi.G-R.00  to $2(13,17.1.00. The most .startling Increase hius been made since tho first of  Ihe present year. At that time the assets were $230,257.11 and In a little owr  three months have Increased to $202,-  S*3.22.  Convalescents need Kisen Port���"tho  builder up of tlio weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  When you want to hire a flrst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables]   Telephone 125.  For stomach trouble of any Wnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money back. 00c box.  McDowell; AtMns, Watson Co.  "HOMESEEKERS'    EXCURSIONS."  The    Seattle,  Union    Record    says:  The   "homeseekers'   excursions"   being  conducted by the transcontinental railroads  are an outrage upon  confiding  pcor people In the east, an injustice to  the working people of this section, and  a disgrace to the corporations conducting them.   Thousands of these "home-  seekers" are arriving here without the  means to buy the homes of others or  make  homes  for    themselves.     They  hare been led to believe that capital  awaited them with outstertched arms  on the shores of the Pacific; that our  bank  valuta   were    overflowing    with  money because of a lack ot labor to  employ lt���In  short,   they expected  to  find here an industrial Utopia", where*  they would naive but to name a rate  of wages nt which in a short time they  could  earn Independence    from  labor.  How diffcient the real condition's. They  arrive here to find every avenue of labor full of idle men,  and the prico of  living  much  higher   than where  they  came fiom.   To-day these "homesoeJ.-  ers" may be found camped like gypsies  in  tents on  the outskirts of  the city,  some of them  the  objects of charity,  and who knows but that many of these  deceived,   disappointed   and   desperate  immigrants   have   gone   to   swell   the  herd  that  forms  the  dregs of society  In tho Tenderloin.   Of special moment  to  resident workingmen  is  the incontrovertible fact lhat this Influx of destitute labor moans 11 lowering of wages.  That In   turn  brings  additional   hardship   to   those   who  are   already   hero  and putting every cent they can spare  Into the purchase of a house and lot.  In many Instances It will result in the  loss of homes partially paid   for���because the loss of a Job by the workingman who la paying for a home on  the installment plan Insures the loss of  all ho has paid and the ejectment of  his family from the premises he hn.s so  fondly hoped and so arduously struggled toi be some day able to proudly  call   "home."   It  must   be   true   that  "corporations have no souls" or they  would cease such inhuman tactics as  they are employing  in  these  "home-  seekers' excursions."   The people they  are dumping on our shores no doubt  come here as homeseekers, but circumstances over which they have no control soon make them home wreckers.  A recent cough or cold that ���< BIG  4 COUGH CURE " will not cure is not  'worth curing.  THERE IS  CANADIAN     J  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the"  The price is' now  such that almost ev-'  erybody can afford it;  Once" used,-always  used. Apply at' Office of ' ' ���  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICE.,  1  _LTD._  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  To all points In Canada nnd the United States  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING TIIE CONTINENT.  SAILING" TOR JAPAN AND  CHINA.  Empress ol China....-. -. May 6th  Empress ol India'. Jlay 27th  Empress ol-Japan June 17th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOIl HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Aoningi MnvSrd,  Mpana : May 31st,  Jllonera JuneSSth.  and every four ivoillc thereafter.  For further particulars hs to time rates etc..  apply to - ���  '    -  E. J. COVLE,  A. G. P. A.'  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SCLATER,  Ticket Agent,  ���US Hastings St.,  Vancouver. B. C  _ Blue Ribbon Tqji is packed in Vancou-,  ver. by white men���are you drinking it ?  A BEVERAGE  which pleases a majority of those wlio  nro fond of a good glnss of beer, is our  specially browed Bohemian Beer. Caro-  fully prepared from selected materials,  It Is a wholesome drink nud contains no  harmful ingredients; indcod-it is highly recommended as a spring tonic.  Doering & Marstrarid  ja^ONE 429  From Their Nanaimo, Sniilliflulil nu<!  Protection Islam! Cullierle.,  Steam, Ctas  and  House Coal  OI the Following Grades:  Double Screened _,unip,  Run of tlie Mine.  Washed Nut and  Screening*.  ���    "  * ��� ' . 11 ,'  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent  '      -' i  EVANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agents  ,    Vancouver City, B. C.  . _^K �����<?.����," cough when "BIG 4  CQUGH GURE " will cure you.   . \}  , ii>jJfa.��?K)g&?). THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  .APRIL 27, 10O1  DRIFTWOOD.  Built and run by  I.uc Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  Kdiiorial room Wherever my rent is paid.  [I'icees washed up by llie tide, buouied.siiwed,  split ami piled (or the perusal and pnsiime of  PHid-up subscribers, also for those who beg,  borrow and sloal The Independent lu order  tbat ihey may enjov a little sunshine as tliey  journey tlir.mfli this vale of leurs.]  liellaboozalorum.  1 was presenteil with a doctor's card last week  which rend as follows:  tiellabooiialoruiii. The ^roatent uiedlcal discovery of Hie aite. Made.by I'rof,.I. Norton,  M. 11., and I). 1.. (Ml of steveston, llsli ball uud  "Burr extract of Westminister Valley Corn. A  sure and licrunitieiit cure of tlie dreaded disease ���'l.iiil on llie l.uiiKs." liirections: Hose  according to amount of cloth consumed, l'rlee  according to dose. I.in! on the limys is a modem disease caused by chewing the rag. For  sale at the Doiigull House, Abbott street, Vancouver, II. C, and all other dispensaries of conversational iluld." I'rof. J. Norton, jl. I)., and  1). 1.., Is also the president of the Mini; Kiln  Club, His many friends wilt be p.ensed.?tn  learn that his ticHiiboozaUu-unt is meeting with  large sales, Accept our eongratiilaiiousv doctor.  The Ingredients of the Human Body.*  Quito a number of our periodicals have lately  been enligliicniiigais iu regard.to the various  ingredients ol' which the human body is composed. They have been telling us that it is a  polytechnic warehouse, as it were, of tallow  caudles, cum-tiii tacks, cum-toilct soap, ciiui-  gas, water, carbon, phosphorous, etc., etc. 11  is a curious puzzle, indeed, and is worth con*  sidcring.   For example, as to gas, now what a  (jiroblcni is here. The veracious chronicler stales  tbat tlie average man contains as much gas as  would till a balloon, capable of holding sumc  3,000 odd cubic feet. That, remember, is the  average mail. What about the top liner?  Bless ine, 1 have known men with enough gas  concealed about their vascular system to light  a whole city if Hie article bad been burnable.  Then as to soap. Ah! What simpers the bulk of  us are ? Mark you, 1 don't say it is the soup  that will wnsli clothes; no il is the l'aiaotis  Pears' brand. But it will case a conscience and  lubricate a bad cause sons lo make it slide  down the ways of the mind as deftly ns a eock-  , mil slides into the stomach of some of Hie citizens of Vancouver. Shakespeare was wrong.  We are not such stuff as dreams are made of.  AVe are assorted chandlery, scrap heaps, aeiiua-  pura, perfumery and Chinese mutches.  The llaiidleof tlie Hatchet.  Near us on tbe table as wc write, on tlio top  of a pile of old books, lies a hatchet that looks  to be even older than tiie books. We notice  how smooth ami worn the handle is, especially  - ut tbe place where it has been so often gripped  by people hammering ami chopping. The  edge is dull now, and the back is flattened and  battered, showing what a lot of effective'work  ? it has done iu its time; all because It is made  of good stuff, both blade and handle. Nobody  ever makes tho mistake of trying to use the  hatchet except in one way���taking it by tlie  handle. The reader of tills will probably want  to.know why all this jabber about on old rusty  hutehct on the top of a pile of old rusty books.  We'll tell you before a stdmou can wink its  eye. Jt is tiie iinpoitiince of taking hold of  things by the right end, nml the sermon thereon shall be plain and short, its all good scr-  iinoiis are.  When we hear of a scandal or a sensational  act of sonic man or woman we should not censure or blame too quickly, as there is always  two sides of the story. But if we do repeat it  arid talk lo our friends of the parties concerned  in the affair wc should be sure wc know, tlie  truth and facts of the matter and: when we express an opinion, should as in cusc of the hatchet, grasp il tightly by,tlie handle.     ��� ������'  ��� oTherc ivasoiieea man whodid���nay, we'll go a  littlo further and say, that iii those busy days,  ��� when our groat industrial centers or cities are  so overcrowded with struggling men and women, that they resemble tiie heaps of maggots  ���you may have come across piled over some  "dead animal or other decaying mutter, an'd  , 'where each one is trying to get oh top of the  other, tlicre are many who are trying hard to  mnke themselves famous, or to use a common  expression, trying to set the world on fire.  Heforo the introduction of luiieliinory corn  was winnowed by means of a sieve.   Well, the  . person wc refer to, worked so hard that the  friction of the grain against the bottom of the  sieve nt last set it on lire, and the man himself  perished in the conflagration his arduous labors  . had created. That man was a fool, you will  readily admit. True, and there are very few  loois, such as he, found among manual laboring men nowadays. The fools who try to set  the sieve on lire in these up-to-date, times arc  those who are working for themselves, usually  in business of a commercial character. Men,  too, on 'change, and in various other lines of  life���seldom among, authors���but frequently  among journalists. And here is how they sot  the sieve on lire.  Some littlo success bus been given them on  the start, or thoy have soon Jones or Brown, becoming wealthier and wealthier in business  every day, until at last the private coach was  =started ,-withits='oam=thiit-can^make=it=ln;  three minutes, and then Brown's cottage by  tlio sea, and Jones' private yacht, and they  think, "well why shouldn't others do the  name?" But wealth doesn't hurry their way  quickly, so they work the harder in consequence, and keep Hie sieve moving from side  to side so quickly that you could hardly s<-e It.  Thoy begin to get old, Ihey lose all pleasure in  life, except what points to tlio acquisition of  wealth. And so It goes on until, lo, one day  the sieve catches lire, health Is completely  undermined, tlie constitution of Hie mini Is  gutted. The doctor Is culled In. But the doctor doesn't want to be bothered signing the  dentil certificate- And what follows? O, a  very nice funeral Indeed. Well curried out and  complete, a profusion of wreaths and dowers,  . nml silly compliments. Hut how very little  tills affects tlie pallid corpse lu the ciillln. Tlie  corpse of the mini who set the sieve on lire.   It  will be seen that this ease Is one where the  hard working business man did nol grasp llie  handle of the hatchet as Hie tool wns intended  to bo used. 1 am an advocate for hard work,  but It must be sensible work. Any and all  kinds of work is hard, whether it be done by  bruin or hand. No spurting or scorching in  the race ior wealili, no running till you are  ooliged to spread yourself lint on tlie grass just  to roculch what llitle bit of Invutli you Mill  have left iu your body. Tills is llie kind of  work that kills because il is associated with  worry and cure,  l.i'K Vkhnon.  -'. I-IST   US   FltlSE   IRELAND.  Let us tree Ireland!  Xe-vor    iiiliul     sueli     huso,     cnrnul  .thoughts us���'concern work und wu_.es,  healthy homes,  or lives uncloudcitl by  poverty.  Let. us free Ireland!   " "  The riick-i'ciitliis landlord; is lie not  ul.-o nn Irishman and wherefore should  we hnto him? Nay, let us not speak  harshly of our brother���yea, even when  ho raises our rent. ?  Let us free Ireland!  The pi-ollt-srliiding. capitalist, who  robs us of three-fourths of the fruit of  our lubor, who sucks the very marrow  of our holies, when we arc young, and  throws us out on the street, like a  worn-out tool, when we are grown prematurely old in his service, Is he not  an Irishman, and -maybe a patriot, and  wherefore should wo think harshly of  him?  Let us free Ireland!  "Tlie land that bred aud bore us."  And the Inmllorvl who makes us pay  for permission to live upon.it.  Whoop it up-for liberty!  "Lot us free Ireland," sttys the patriot.  Let us all join together, and c-r-ush  the br-r-rutal Saxon. Let, us all join  together, says he, all classes and all  creeds.  And,'says the town worker, after we  have crushed tho Saxon and frecid Ireland, what wiil we do?  Oh, then" you can go back to your  slums, same as before.  Whoop it up for liberty!  And, say the agricultural workers,  after we have freed Ireland, what  then? o   ?  Oh, then you can go scraping around'  for the landlord's rent, same as before.  Whoop it up for liberty!  After Ireland Is free, says the patriot, we will protect all classes, and if  you can't pay your rent of-course you  will get evicted,'"same as now. But the  evicting party under command of the  sheriff vil wear green uniforms and  tlie harp'without'the crown, and the  warrant turning you out on the road-  si.de will.be stamped with the arms of  tlie Irish republic. ������  Now, isn't that worth fighting for?  And when : you cannot find employment, and giving up the struggle of  life in despair, enter the union, the  band of the nearest regiment ofthe  Irish army willescort you to the workhouse door to the tune of "St. Patrick'!.  Day.";  Oh, it will be nice to live in those  day?!'  "'".���'  "With the Green Flag floating o'er  us," aiid an ever-increasing army of  unemployed workers walking about unfertile Green Flag, wishing they had  something to eat.   Same as now.  AVhoop . it up for liberty!���Workers'  Republic, Dublin.  YR H-EN DDYN DYGRI.  Talk about shipping coals to Newcastle or dressed beef to Chtcajjo, but  what do you think of Vancouver shipping wine to San Francisco. That,  nevertheless, is what is actually being  done. A prominent member of the  leading shipipng firm of the city received a few days ago a!letter from  a leading member of a San Francisco  transportation company from which  the following is an extract: "While  .ivalking through your Stanley Park one  _day_Jast_-year--I-came^across_a. funny  old man in the northwestern part ot  it, who had a stand where lie sold  cider and home made wines. I bought  sonic of this wine and brought it home.  My mother and father were very much  delighted with it, as lt is exactly like  what they used to halve in the east,  being real, old-fashioned home-made  wine. If not too much trouble I wish  you would get me a dozen bottles of  It; six cuiTiint, four blackberry and  two raspberry or anything else ho may  linvo. Tills selection Is not arbitrary,  f he ha* anything else you think they  would like better suit your own Ideas."  Neediest) to say tlie order was turned  over to Capt. Jones, of the Hroekton  I'olnt lighthouse, and promptly filled,  mid before long the old ladv and gen-  Ik man In the Golden Gate city will be  enjoying the wine like their mothers  used to make away hack east. Anyone who has tasted any of Cn.pt. Jones'  wine will (iiilte understand how the  piople in question warmed to it, but  ns Ihe Immortal William would say,  "good  wine  needs no  bush."���Ex.  Till* DEM1SK OF JOHN F.. EVANS.  On Tuesday at 2 p. in. John F. 13mns,  a malve of Wales, aged about JO, died  of consumption at the city hoslptnl.  "Tuff" was one of the oldest members  of the Mainland Steiiiusliipmen's union  -���mil one of the Cramers of the ritual  of that lodge. At one time he was a  '���bluejacket" in the Hritlsh navy, and  had been In service during the bombardment of Alexandria. He was very  pi-pular among the boatmen of the  ccast and was a familiar figure around  town. He went to Kamloops, thinking  that the change of climate would prove  beneficial to his health, but growing  weaker he returned to the city again  last February. Previous to contracting  tho dread disease lie had not known 111  henlth, being a man i>i fine 'physique  and very powerful. Hie Was always a  friend in need, and 'those who knew the  late Mr. Evans wilt long remember  him  aa a, whole-souled    and generous  man.  The funeral, which took place on  Thursday, was well attended. It was  held under the auspices ot" 'the Mainland Steainshipmen's association. The  lodge and a number of members of the  Stevedores' union assembled in tlie -K.  of P. hall at 2 p. m. The beautiful  funeral service was read by the president, assisted by Bro. Eaton, who filled  the past president's chair, and Bro.  llaggarty, -the master-at-arms. The  president .then called upon Bro. Geo.  Bartley, district organizer of the A.  F. of L��� to deliver the funeral address,  which he did in a touching but eloquent manner, and paid a glowing tribute to the high character and reputation of the late Bro. Evans,  : The members then proceeded to the  undertaking parlors ot Messrs. Center  &' Hanna, where the service: ot the  Church of England was conducted by  the Rev.-Mr. Clinton, after which the  cortege started.* The members marched as far as Westminster . avenue  bridge. Proceeding to the cemetery  Bro? George Noonaii, secretary, read  the beautiful burial si-vice of the lodge  at the grave, assisted by Bro. Eaton.  The pall bearers were Bros. J. Parsons, B. Alexander, .W,,Baton, J.Bailes,  C. H. Thompson and J. Hay ward.  Among the many lloral offerings were  a large wreath from the 'Longshoremen's union, bearing the inscription  "with deepest'-isympattiy and respect,  from the,sister union Stevedores." The  beautiful harp from the Mainland  Steamshipnieii's union, two wreaths  and a cross from Mr. and Mrs. O. Griffiths, the anchor from Mr. and JIrs.  A. Austin Were also >vorthy of special  notice.        . ii  Tlie members of the Steamshipmen's  union desire to place on record their  heartfelt gratitude to Miss Clendenning  and the hosiptal nurses for the kindly  care given their deceased brother, and  also to the members of the Stevedores'  union, who attended the obsequies. For  the many kindly acts of Mr. and Mrs.  Austin, of the Hotel Grand, as well as  others, the association expresses its  gi atefulness.  Mixing Bowls  Just receive., a shipment of those old fashioned  Rockingham Mixing Bowls  witli tlie lid on the side.   Tliuy tiro tlie best mixing bowl we know  of.   We havetliem in four sizes, 30c, 40c, SOc, and 65c EACH.  Walk in and Look Around.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Hall, 319 Hastings Siiiebt.  Tho Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  The Typographical union of Seattle  is giving that city a big advertisement.  All over the country the papers are  discussing the movement being made  -to^bring^theilntei-natlonal^Typographr^  ical union convention there In 1902.  The I. T. U. should come to the coast  without fail.  Andrew G. Blair has given a ?<1,000,-  000 order for rails to Clorgue of Sault  Stc. Marie. Tlie rails will be used on  the Intercolonial. Canadian minors will  mine this iron. The C. P. R. and Can-  ,'iCian Northern rails are made In Pittsburg. Score another for Blair and the  Intercolonial.' He's all right. So's the  liilercolonlnl.  A remarkable tiling occurred last  wee-k In New York city. A Russian  prince of the bluest blood addressed a  vast audience of worhlng people and  arraigned their plutocratic plunderers  In severest terms. Tills could, of  course, be but one man���Kropotkin. As  all the world 'knows, he long ago renounced wealth und title nnd became  an exile because he would not be one  of the oppressors.  THE TURF. . . '-  XV. S. Cook and J. O. Benwell,  of the Jockey club, paid out bust  Saturday in wages $-100 ��� for grading at the Hastings tradk,  which will cost some $1,500, and must  be completed;for the 24th of May. next.  Durable, well-made, all-wool  Working Pants, $|.?5.  Union Label Overalls���All Sizes.  Union Label Hats.  Special Values in Boys' and Children's Clothing.^  Boys' Odd Pants, from 35c Up.    " ���  Boys' Overalls, from 25c Up.  Donaldson  & Mathews  Clothier*, Hatters and Men's  Outfitters,  ?4 Cordova Street, Vancouver  Another grade will cost $2,000. Some  1-10 feet of new stables will also be  built, the ground adjoining which must  be levelled off and grassed, co-itlng a  considerable sum of money. It is expected that at least S-l.OCO will be expended this year. The Indefatigable  work of Secretary-Treasurer Loluhton  Is the very life of the association, and  if "Bob" has any assistance at all the  turf in Vancouver will become famous.  pL��_Sr5laj^ag^a(gllnfy  j FkmSSssK*K��SJ'*��*SiR��*?|J3|  Ai?;"*������>����������*"��� ��., �����.��i-~m-v^��� ������ v-"**-���"���m'on'w���anil  *  ��� Want a New Bike?  Come in and let us tell you about our now  Easq Payment Plan. You'll own a high-grade  wheel before you realize it is costing you anything.  ASK ABOUT IT.  ���,  Bicycle Store  24 Cordova St.  SOLE AGKXT  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLES.  HcLeeinan,  McFeely & Co.  WHOM  Shelf and Heavy  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  Carpets, Linoleums, Window-  shades, Etc., try  ���llO-llS Westminster Ave.     Opposite City1 Hull.  Our $2.50 Hat.  OI course vou enn buv lict lor huts���wo  luivo tlieiu ourselves its high us ?8.   :  ������,.,.' i  ������'-   But just the same this $2.50 -is the  Hest Value wc ever saw. *  It isuliiit good eiioiiRlifor linyonc, n'_  good .looking hut, this year's slmiic,  black or brown; und: will wear-iiij well  as any hat you etui buy.  Come in anv "try on" and buy if vou  like it. ���;. ���:..  Johnston,  kerfoot ��> Co;  Vancouver' Dig Clothiers, Hat-     "  ters and Men's Furnishers.  104 and 106 CORDOVA STREET.  WE CARRY_^>  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  COG Westminster Avenue.  KELLY,  ����  WHOW.S.U.E GKOCKKS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [j^" Headquarters for   Domestic and Bm-  |)orted Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  The name of Packard is n guariintee of tlie highest quality,���'stylo--  and fit produced in shoe leather, iin American shoe that is not tin?  experiment, but enjoying the largest output of any shoe in the-  Unit.d States trade of shoes. We have them in all leathers, shapes--  and styles and are the? exclusive agents in this vicinity.  $5.00 Per Pair.  FOR GENTLEMEN'S HIGH ART,  TAILOR-MADE GARMENTS  SUITS TO ORDER  OR READY-TO-WEAR  AT HALF BEST TAILORS' PRICES.  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B. C  Watches  Wc arc offering Watches  at bottom prices.  110 COIIDOVA SritEKT.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General������=_.  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  020 Coiidova St. W., Vakccdvek, I). C. Tel. 70  Patentees niul designers ol the HnriMe-  Tliiiinpsoii wntor tube holler, new high  speed reversini? engines, nnd .special  miichlne.y In light sections for mines.  PbofeIiLeks Designed.  Knoinhs Indicated and  . Adjusted.  Solo ogents in B. C. and N. W. Territories lor  tho United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd.  London, Eng.   , ���'  Tisdall'*  Tackle  Bods, Reels, Lines, Casts,--  F]ies7^1'tiflciarBaits7Ti'aces^  Baskets,   Wading   Trousers,  Gut Hooks and Fly Books.  Store 52lst^���tlw  ������\9 M. BEATTIE,.  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Olllco ituil Snlos I-otiin, 111" Corilnvn  Street, Viineoiivur, II. C.   Thone8"l.  Mr- I'ii nn Stock nml Und 11 spucinlty  30COOOQOOOOGOOOOOCOOOOGO  Is'ou* C'ltnniiicil Cottage, Fifth avenue east,  (iiinieii ami Chicken run. Kxtrti largo lot.  Going at $9.50 for the next few days.  Donl .llu This 0|>|)orlunllij.  MilCFARLAl, ROOMK & CO.  East End Real Estate and  Insurance Agents.  442   Westminster Avenue.  Telephone 699  Telephone ~5i.  Western Cartage Co  W. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons  for  all   Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOR MOOD AND COAL  Olllce: 314 Cambie Street.  For all kinds of  The only union shop in tho city.  Society 'Banners !a specialty.  725 Hastings Street. ,  feS."*  ffsSl'ilUU.  -5B>K

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