BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Independent Jun 22, 1901

Item Metadata


JSON: xindependen-1.0180430.json
JSON-LD: xindependen-1.0180430-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xindependen-1.0180430-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xindependen-1.0180430-rdf.json
Turtle: xindependen-1.0180430-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xindependen-1.0180430-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xindependen-1.0180430-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

 Ml--  J-j-^^JcaXv  vv^i.  AA^f  UTEW YORK LIFE IASURAKCE CO  The oldest nnd largest International company in tbe world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  B. C.  Authorized Capital   -    ?10,000,000  '"   " " pita    Assets over    ....      300,000  Subscribed'Capftal" -   - ' 1J500J000  Head Cfflce ail Cambie Street, Van  couver, B. C.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE 22, 1901.  NO. 13.  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL  In the'absence of President Josepli  Dixon, Kobt. Macpherson, ox-M. 1*. I'.,  was voted to tho chair at last night's  meeting ot tlie Trades und Labor Coun-  ��� cil.: Alnrge amount ot business was disposed of by u good attendance of delegates.  G. J. Smith, of the Mainland: Steuui-  shipmen; H. Farlow, of the Bricklayers,  and J. li. McCuUum, of thu Barbers,  presented credentials, and took their  seats'as delegates.  The Victoria .Trades and Labor Council extended an invitation to Vancouver  to attend its proposed Labor Day celebration.  Tlio Parliamentary committee reported that 'it would consider the Alien  Labor act.  *      EE SCHOOLS.  Following  is  report  of  the  Special  Committee ro schools:  Your Special Committee, appointed to  report on the new schools recently completed in this city, iind that several  criticisms and statements have been  and exceptions taken to its report to  this council. And your committee wish  to reply to some of the same as we think  they aro very misleading as well as in  acurate in every instance.  In the flrst place we And that the  school board takes exception to our report where we say "tho querieis, why  was this report not published along  with the other reports, so that the  public might see and judge for them-  , selves about this contract job ? " This,  ' they say "is casting reflection on the  managing committee of the school  board." But your committee wish it to  be plainly understood that "no reflection" or "insinuation" was intended to  the managing committee of the school  board. All we knew was that Mr.  Chipchase's report was not published,  but we did not know who was to blame.  The member of the board who took exception to our report puts the blame on  the-reporters. But on making inquiries  >io are informed that this is what happened: At the meeting of the school  Dourds, at which these reports were  presented to the trustees, tho Chairman  of the building committee had six copies  . of the building committee's report typu-  "written, a copy being handed to each  reporter present. _\lr. Chipchase's report was read, but no copies handed to  the ,press, which accounts for it not  being published. Now in making this  statement we are not insinuating or  casting joilections on any one, simply  making the facts known, aud we take  this opportunity of thanking the ��� board  __arid. their secretary ,for* the oblidging  wuy we have been treated by them' in  .    our investigations.  But there appeared in the press of  June the 11th inst., a report by a committee appointed by the Builders exchange to report on these schools, in  which they travel outside of reporting  on tho schools to make a base, cowardly  and ungentlemanly attack on this council. They say that this council, went  the "length of villifying contractors  generally and even denouncing them as  robbers and swindlers. "Such statements are an absolute untruth, and were  never made, either in this Council nor  bv any of its committees in connection  with these schools. And it appears to  us that this statement is made with the  evident intention, if not desire, to injure  this Council in tho eyes of the public,  but in timt they are doomed to disappointment, for it will simply recoil  upon their own heads. Does the Builders Exchange for one moment think  'that the school board would have given  the attention to us, that it is evident  they did, had wc made statements like  the above. No, gentlemen, they would  not, and that is a self-evident truth, and  to say we made such statements and  that the board listened to us and built  one school as proposed by us is simply  casting reflections on the board.  They also travel outside of a report  on the schools to attack tho report submitted by us to you. But in no single  instance have- they denied any one  statement there iii to be incorrect.  They say that some are totally untrue,  and all frivolous in the extr'eem, but  they do not specify which one is untrue.  And we are satisfied to leave it to an  intelligent public to judge about their  . frivolousness.  Their report says "that the floor has  ���the same-undulating appearance-in the  one as the other." This we must emphatically contradict. 'It also states  " that the finish is better cleaned up in  the i_iobcrts school.  This also Is incorrect and not according to fact.   And what It states about  the varnishing:   seems  to  us to give  their'own case away bad.: They admit  It'Is not so glassy.   And we do not believe,  (us  they  say,   "that  it  will  be  equally  durable."   But why  Is it not  so   glossy?    Simply ��� because    neither  the same ttmoant'of material nor labor  has been put Into the Job.' They fur-  < <ther say, that the?''twaddle about cor-  ��� ners  being two Inches out1 of plumb,  floors shrinking away ,1-4 of an inch  from   the   w-alnscotMng, etc., will deceive no one.    It  bears upon  Its face  too much'evidence ot ���untruthfulness."  The above.Js.not a correct statement  ���from our .report as read to this '. ooun-  ��� ell.   Our report in apeaJklng of the sign  of settlement visible  in the building  said:   "In other places the settlement  is ns much ns to show a hole  between  n. three-quarter  'quarter-round,? nailed  to  the iloor    and   ithe    wainscottlng  around the 'room."   And that is an ab  solute truth which .we can  prove   if  necessary.   Also  the    corner   out   of  plumb was plumbed with a plumb bob  ;��� and line and measured, and is conrect,  and can be shown  to be true.   It Is  they who are twaddling land trying to  put  ch'aff in  the eyes of  the public,  But It won't wbric.   Then their argument ro baluiaters   is    entirely   misleading,     to    the     general     public.  They calculate the difference In the  material between an 1 1-2 Inch and  an 1 3-4 inch balusten, and arrive at  a .difference iii material of 20 feet at  2 cents u. foot, which Is 40 cents, and  put down our anugment ias a 40 cent  argument. But 'balusters are mot sold  by board measurement. They are Bold  ait so much eaoh, according to design,  length rand thickness. But It is put In  the above form by ithe committee of  the 'Builders'; Exchange with the evident intention to deceive those who  are not accustomed Ito the practice of  tbe trade.  ��� But. the fact Temains, and they dare  ���not deny It, that what was called for  was not supplied.   As  to the general  construction and design of these build  lags, the size of material specified and  the different 'kinds of materials specified  for floors  and   roofing,  etc.,  etc.  We did not consider that we were appointed to report on thait -phase ot the  question, and that phage of the question we will le.u-e ifor the' architects  Interested and the Builders' Exchange  to  ftght  out   themselves.   And  as   to  the concrete not having been iput into  the lavatories, their report states that  it was  "left out   iunder   Instructions  from he architects, and the sum of $40  deducted from the contractor for the  omission."  And   funther    they    state  "that the labor committee might have  ascertained this fact had they wished  to state the case fairly, but they evidently, did ,not."   From?whom, may .we  a_Sk, were we to get this information���  from  the school board  or the architects?   In'  the Inspector's    report  he  says there are mo cement. floors* and  recommends them to ibe iput in before  the   building   is  accepted.    And in a  :lebter from the 'archltecife/.d'a'ted March  6th, they isay the ifinal certificate for  the west end school, built' by contract  under our supervision,  was given  to  Compbell   Bros.,   the  contralotors,   today,  and   amount to  $13,784.   And  ln  the /building committee's report to Ithe  echool  board,  there we find that the  contract price was $12,380, the extras  being $914, which   would  make  their  dotal $113,704.   Nothing about this $40 in  either of them.   And  ln  face  of the  Inspector's report recommending them  lo be done before the building is taken  over.   We have the Builders' commit  tee /finding fault and saying that we  are unfair and do not want to be fair.  In view of the above facts we leave  the public to judge where the unfairness comes in, and who it is  that is  unfair and do not wish    to be  fair.  But If this is how* this job has been  managed we may be led to Investigate  what wris the* total: sum' actually paid  for this school hod it been carried out  faithfully according to plans and specifications.  Even now, witli what we  do .know iin* that'line, it can be shown  that had the Seymour school been ear-  i led out in the same manner as followed at the Roberts' school, it would  hove been completed ias near the lowest tender as the Roberts was, If not  nearer.    Will   this   committee   of the  Builders" Exchange stake their repu  tatlon as ipractlcal ���builders, and   say  positively     that    the      Lord      Rob  erts' sohool is superior   to   the   Sey  imour; that it will last longer and cost  less  for  repairs,   for' this   Is   the  es  senoe   of   their   report.   And   we   are  confident 'that time will render a ver  diet against them and in faivor of the  Seymour school.   They seem  to think  that the floor in the basement of the  Roberts is superior to the concrete In  the   Seymour  school.   There   may, be  something in their contention'that for  a play ���place it 1s not so slippery as  cement.   But It ,1s  not constructed  lo  last.   It  is asphalted over  the earth,  no foundation of rock having been put  in underneath.     Is   that   not   rather  "jerry?"   But IS It notstrange th'atthey  never say one word about the chimneys.   But In  this  connection we sec  by a letter that was read at the la'st  meeting of the school board that they  have been  cemented ��� down    free   of  charges to the board.   And, if we are  not mistaken, for this the ratepayers  have to thank, not the Builders' Exchange,   but   the   Trades  and   Labor  council.   And we would like to know  also   If   the brace  rods  specified  fo  these chimneys, but left out, have also  been put In now.       '  ^__The_BuilderaUcommittee seems-to-bo  great on  floor space.   But we would  remind them that; a tent or rancherle  might hove more floor space than  a  well built house.  Seeing that Mr. Chipchase's report  was nbt published through an lirad-  veitance, we hereby attach a copy,  which reads as follows:  the mimirs strike.  The   anticipated   deadlock: between  the C. P. R. management and the^re-  presentatlves of the trackmen at Montreal has been reached.   TheCP. R.  officials hold .that to adopt the schedule presented would igive to?the men  the same: rate of pay,: irrespeotlve of  length of senvlce    or special    merit,  which does not hold with their aiiews  of Justice,  besides  It also m^ans  an  extra outlay of $300,000 a year by the  company.   This latter point seems to  be the great stickler.   The men now  on strike are the poorest paid of any  of -ihe employees -of that great road  and are mtltled to all ithey ask. If they  are granted itheir demands, which no  ���doubt they will, the public will have  to ,pay lt as usual, and they are .willing  to do  this.   But  we  think  that  some of the extra large salaries should  suffer as well.   The trackmen nightly  oSk for the same rate of pay irrespective.of length of senvlce, as old hands,  as  soon as ithey  want  more  money,  generally are got rid of, and the men  also claim that the older men are of ten  subjected to a reduction to  be on a  level with the new hands.   Their proposed  schedule raises   the  minimum,  that is all.   It was presented by .the  committee   ln   April,   and   deals with  the different grades fully, and. for the  ordinary section man lt provides that  the   wages   on   the   Atlantic division  shall ibe $1.5fl per day; O. and I.  division, 41.60 per day; Eastern division,  from  Montreal   to   Cartler and  Sault  Ste. Marie.  $1.50 per day; from Car-  itier   to   Port   Arthur,   $1.65   per   day;  Western division, $165 per day; Pacl-  flc division, $1.7-3 per day.  The prevailing rate in the east was  $1.16 and in the west iil.25. Soon after  the committee left Montreal In April  the followingl notice, was sent out  from  the company's offices:  Headmaster's office. May , 1901  To all section foremen: Please send  me ithe name and age of your ,best  man (all other things being equal, the  man longest ln the service), giving  the length of time he has been In  the service. It has been decided to  increase the wages of this man to $1.23  per day, commencing May 1. In doing  this the company desires to encourage  those men to remain in the service  who ore best fitted for promotion.  (Signed)  R. M.  This was a pretty shrewd move, and  no doubt wns calculated to satisfy a  portion of the men, and take a\v<iy  from the Trackmen a large portion o��  its best support. The men that nre  negotiating with the company are  careful and experienced and express  great hopes of being able to have the  trouble settled.  One would imagine after reading the  reports in the daily press of the C. P.  R. strike that that company is being  badly used by the strikers, when as a  matter of fact the truth'shows a  iverse state of affairs. The grievances  of the trackmen are of a long standing duration. , Starting with the year  1891, foremen were each paid $60 a  month and the men $1.60 a, day. Everything then went on smoothly. Good  men could be secured for the woric,  and the work was done to the satisfaction of both foremen and officials.  In 1392, however,, things changed and  a cut was made of $5 a month on  foremen and 20 cents a day on men.  Of course the men naturally did not  like itihte, but they could^do nothing  but grin and bear it. In 1893 another  out of H5 cents per day was made for  the men only. Then it was that the  reaU grievances started. The only  men that could be obtained were  cripples and those who were hard up  and forced to accept almost any kind  of wohk for anything they could get.  These latter would worik but ,for a  few days at a time, being on the constant look-out for another job. They  were mot used to this kind of labor,  and naturally did not vainit to learn  It. If the foreman'itrled to show them  he would be abused by his men, who  would throw their tools down and  pldk up their .coats and _wolk_ to^ the  Vancouver, II. C, Mnrch 13, loot.  To tho Bonrd of Sohool Trustees:   Mr. J.J.  Woods, Socrctury.  Dear.Siii;���In reply to yours of Mnrcli Gth, I  might state tlint you will find ft statement of  wluit I think ought to ho dono before tho Lord  Kobcrls school is taken, over.   .  There Is u foot slonu in tlio basement thnt  should be cut down Hush by tlio Iloor, there is  a post In tlio basement four Inches 'out of plumb  which outfht to be set plumb, the Moors iu the  inula hulls nro like.the wnve* of the sun, nnd  while this does not hurt tlio strength of the  bulhl'iiK, 't looks bud nnd not workmnullko.  There lire no cement Moors In tlio Invntories.  There nro no door*, on tlio^boys* closets, the  roof water, down pipes wnnt to bo , put up  plumb nml connected properly with n bend or  n gully trap ns the specifications call for. I  think that both chimney shafts should be  tnken down to the roof und rebuilt with some  better bricks and the whole cemented  down to the ground. Tho varnishing, I  tnink, is a very poor and dirty job,  and, I think,; tho wholo should bo ?rubbed  down: stop up nil nnil holes, nnd then  receive ono cont of Rosenberg dnstica varnish.  Then, I think, tbe building might be taken  over. Hoping this will meet with your .approval, lam, gentlemen, Your obedient servant,  KOBEKT CHIPCHASE.  (Continued on Page Four.)  "Station, where they would'-wuiffior the  foreman till, night for their time, and  give the unfortunate foreman another  Scolding as well., If the foreman happened to step into ithe station there  was a letter from the roadm'aster, saying that the section was getting very  rough and that if better vyork was not  done that his place would be filled by  another man. 'Besides the numbers of  notes dropped off���:���the passing trains  about certain rough: spots, the engineers would point back at them and  shake tholr heads. This caused the  foreman to worry, a great, deal and  work himself and some poor men,.who'  were compelled on account of their  families to stay with their jobs, like  slaves. ;i In some cases the foremen  would get rattled' and run from one  bad place to another and try to fix  them all at once, nnd accomplish but  very little in the end. In June, 1S94,  every foreman received an official notification that the management, had  decided to reduce expenses, but ln  place of lowering the wages of the  tradkmen they would increase the  worfldng hours, from 7 to 18 o'olock to  6.30 to 18.30 o'clock, and that 'the fore-  an'an would be required to patrol his  track on Sundays without extra pay.  It may be here stated that if any different notices were issued they were  lost. Some numors were circulated  that this last mattei) was reconsidered,  but during the high water the trackmen were working all .hours, andi  everything generally was mixed up,  and  gradually  they got hack to  the'  10-hour system. Anyway this "kind of  treatment .was agitating the minds of  the men on this division, and no doubt  :the trackmen of the east were similarly affected. The result was that  *v man was started to organize a  union, and when he came along here  all the trackmen on this division were  only; too willing, to Join, and in many  cases paid 'their last cent to cover the  organizer's travelling expenses. The  effont3 of the latter were not without  some good results,* though he could not  hold .the union together. At this the  men got disheartened and did not like  to ? pay, when ? the ��� whole movement  almost died out, and the conditions of  the men on*'the road grdually Ikept  growing fonse. White laborers could  not be got for the money paid, so Chinamen and Japs were put to work.  And then the foremen had their real  troubles to make Itlhem understand,  and in many cases there was not a  man to' send out with a signal or do  any work, except the foreman put a  tool in their hands and showed .them  every move. Juist Imagine both the  quality and quantity of the work done  by these gangs, but the officials, maybe with the exception of the roadmas  ters, did not seem to give this state  of afflaiire a single thought. The road-  masters might have got their lectures  from their superiors all the same, but  the men would never know even If  they had.  About^a year ago a union named  the Unltend Brotherhood of Railway  Tradkmen of America came into existence in the United States. The old  organizer was still-altve and arranged  for an amalgamation, which took  place, when organizers were put Into  the field and the present strong organization was consummated in a very  short itime. A grievance committee  was elected Ito represent the whole  railway system. They received their  instructions, which they have followed to tlhe letter. The railway company  must deal with them alone, and not  the individual employee. The trackmen will stand by their committee till  the end of the strike, which it is anticipated will terminate very shortly.  Tihe C. P.- R. forced tlieir men to  taike this step. The strikers are not  asking for anything unreasonable, as  may be seen by the following: schedule of 'the present rate of pay for  malntenance-of-way employees on the  Pacific division, with the rate, now  oSkod for: ,     "  (a) Yard foremen in charge of yards  having twenty-five or more switches,  or at terminal point"!, present rate o't  pay $00 per month; asked for ?75 per  month.  (b) Extra gang foremen, present rate  of pay $2._0 per day; asked for $3.30  per day.  (c) Section foremen, piesent rate of  pay, 553 per month; asked for $65 per  month.  (d) Section men,'.present rate of pay,  $1.85 to $1.40 per day; a_Sked for $1.75  per day.  (e) Extra gang men, present rate of  pay, 51.40 to $1.60. per day; asked for  $1.75 per day.  - (f) Bridge  foremen, present rate of  pay, $3 per day; asked for $4 per day.  (g) Bmdge men, present rate of pay,  i2 to $2.25 per day; asked for $2.75  to $3 per day.  (h) Bridge watchmen, present rate  of pay, $45 per month; asked, for $60  per month.  (1) Track watchmen, present rate of  pay ?43 per month; aslked for $55 per  month.  (j) iSwltoh tenders In charge of safety switches Nos. 1, 2 and 3 on the  Kicking Horse giade, present rate of  ipay, $40 per month; adked for $50 per  month for services from 7 to 19  o'clock, and 20 cents for the first call,  and ten cents for each call thereafter  during the next twelve hours.  Section men have veiy hard work  to perform.' under conditions that are  ���anything but pleaisant. They are liable to be called out at all times, and  In any weather. They halve to live at  isolated points along the line of railway and are practically cut off from  civilization, during their term of; employment. In view of these conditions  and the miserable. pittance_paid,_it is  no wonder.,that the'.C. P. R. officials  complain of .not being able to secure  good white men for the woiik, and that  they hOive Imported vast numbers of  foreigners, as well as Chinese tand  Japanese^ for the most poorly: paid  Jobs.  In spite, .however,, of hard conditions  and low pay the C. P. R. have; been  well and faithfully served by their  nmintenanoe-of-w-ay men from' one end  of the line to?the other. No better evidence of the honorable conduct of  these. employees is required . than ;the  : manner In which the negotiations preceding the.present strike were conducted. Every effort was put forward  byithc representatives of the trackmen to avoid trouble, and their-very  reasonable claims, were, presented In  the .most dispassionate manner, ample  oppontunity being given the management to mnike a settlement that would  ���avert a strike and so avoid much loss  and trouble. Public sympathy. Is entirely with the men. A fair day's pay  for a fair day's ��� work Is a principle  that has taken a strong hold throughout the length and breadth of this  Dominion, and whilst: as a.rule this  principle prevails in all other-occupations, so tor the railroad trocskmen  have not. /been ableto secure this  muoh. ..The-lowest rate of pay for unskilled labor,in,this Province is from  $1.75 to $2 per day, aind the sectionmen,  whose work is by no means unskilled,  are not asking itoo much when they  0.  A K. 0.,  ADDRESS TO THE  ROYAL (MISSION.  (Continued: from last week.)  DOMESTIC   SERVICE.  (Continued on Page Three.)  One cannot sliink the? difficulty Involved in the question of where is the  supply .at  domestic -service;, to;, come  from?   On the American continent this  always has 'been a wxed question.   It  alwiays has  been a matter of  great  difficulty  to ifill   the demand   for domestic senvilce, and that it has practically  driven many families out  of  housekeeping  might  just as  well  be  conceded iflrst as  last.   Probably,   as  yeans igo toy,   domestic    service  will  again come into favor, and I venture  this as a reason.   In former times of  all classes of female.labor, the^domes-  tlc servant  jvas  the  most Illy  paid.  The consequence of this was that except  among  the  better class of servants, because- grades  there are and  always halve been amongst all, orders  of humanity and always will be, with  the   exception   of   among the   higher  class of service.   Domestic service was  very greatly looked down upon,  and  even the better paid land higher class  servants were not iregarded as being  the equals of those who gained their  livelihood  In    some    other    manner.  Gradually better conditions are  pre-  rvalllng.   To-day  a   domiestic   servant  receives   nearly .as  much  per  month  as she formerly received per annum.  As a rule, she is an educated girl; she  Is better treated; her relationship with  her employer Is of a far better character than  formerly,  and   I  have   no  doubt the ultimate iresult will be that  ln   the   future domestic  service   will  aigain be  sought    for   by   intelligent  young girls as -a. proper and honorable  meanls of earning -a, livelihood.     The  remedy lies partly in the hands of the  employer.   The time has gone by���the  pity is thait it ever existed���when the  comfort and convenience of the  servant could be entirely overlooked, but  inasmuch as it is a class of employment   that   never   will   stand   a  very-  high rate of wages, the source of supply must be" from a class of females  whose circumstances  in  life,  from  a  financial standpoint,  press upon them  the  necessity   of   earning' their" dally  bread.   Thit   elates ,will   be   best   recruited   from1 the   children   of   white  laborers   who   should   gradually   take  the place of'the Oriental If the policy  of restriction be carried out.  rt ,1s important to observe that the  policy of non-employment of Orientals  in the Boundary country has largely-  operated in their  PARTIAL EXCLUSION, ���  or, at least, to the great diminution In  their numbers. If a hike policy had  been adopted elsewhere then there can  be no doubt that whites would have  come in to fill the' ready demand for  labor. As an Illustration of this, one  may refer to Tacoma and to Mr.  Houston's evidence, Spokane and Seattle, and with some feeling of regret .may I say 'that the means adopted in the town of Phoenix In British  Columbia itself is an object lesson to  all who care to read the signs of the  times.  Depression in commercial matters,  Depression In all classes of labor,'following, as a matter of course, Produced in 18S6 bloodshed and riot, resulting in the exclusion of the Chinese in Seattle. From thait time on  this city has grdually grown from a  .population of six or seven thousand  'to a population of ninety thousand.  Now, I do not say that this is owing  entirely to the exclusion of Chinese,  but I do say that the startling fact  remains that in all that immense population there'are only isome three: hundred of them, and thait in the neighboring' state of,?Washington ,tlie':,pco-  ple there have managed to build up  that Immense city in the same time.as  ithls-city-of���Vancouver,- of-which-we  ore inaturally so proud. The papula  tlon -of Seattle has' Increased from'1 six  thousand to 'ninety-thousand, and the  city has been built exclusively '-' by-  white labor.  The exclusion act .lias worked well  In tho United States. Non-employment has been effective in the Boundary country.  United   action   kept  them out of the building trades and  the mines. Is It not time for a policy  of exclusion producing ; n.' gradual  change in ithe labor employed in other  Industries? The continued employment  of Orientals 19 having Its effect upon  the .younger generation. Work that  boys would do and girts, too, they  Kind the places occupied by Chinese.  They hove been taught both by education and instinct to look upon the  Ohinaman as an Inferior. The consequence 1s that they will not engage  in competition with him. The schools  are full; aind, sad be it to say so, so  are the streets at night.  It hnis been said on'behalf of the  Orientals by tholr counsel that the  labor unions we responsible for the  agitation, and what fs taking place  -Is',but the outcry of the laborer. Sirs.  if that be so, then I say,let us  THANK THE LABOR UNIONS  for It���let us thanlk the laborer for  his outcry, because, while at present  it iSfthe laborer alone who is pinched,  the time is'not Jar distant when other  clalsses of the community will be feeling the stress of r Oriental competition  in their respective (fields, and then the  outcry will not be. confined to the la  bor union or ithe laborer.? We are further told 'that our good relations with  the eastern empires, particularly Japan; 'will"be. imperilled by restricting  the entry of their subjects Into our  land.   Sir, when the statesmen of any  part of our country appeal to the patriotism  of the people  to  suffer and  endure for  the good  of  the  country  ���ait large, and 'that appeal is limited  largely   to a particular  class  of  the  community, being that portion of the  community who earn their daily, breafl  ln probably a precarious maimer, It Is  putting their patriotism and loyalty to,  a very severe strain when they alone  arc asked to bear the burden, and,to  waive their rights In favor of an alien  race, and an alien race who by their  ���very   presence  degrade   the  position  that the sufferers occupy.   The question seems partly to be, If a policy of  exclusion  were adopted,   would   there  be 'a sufficiency of white labor come  into   this  country to   save such   industries as are to a large extent at  present   practically    dependent   upon  Chinese labor?   It Is not exclusively a  .  labor question.   The laborer, lt is true,  and his employer are immediately affected.   The ireal  trouble,  however, is  far deeper and depends not upon the  ���industrial  or economic  aspect of the  presence of the Chinese, but upon its  political   asplect.   What   wail   be   the   ,  result in the future of the gradual encroachment of Orientals upon certain  ���avocations to the exclusion of whites.  Ultimately    there ' would    be    three  classes    in  the    community,   namely;  The master class, the servant  class and  a class of persons engaged in supplying the daily  wants  and luxuries  of  both, and this latter class will, if the  seiivant    class     be     alien,     likewise  be     largely    alien.     Certain    classes  of       labor     In      British      Columbia  are    already     being     regarded      as  purely  Chinese,  hence  degrading and  beneath a white man.   This, in itself,  tends  to the   degradation    of ' labor.  When,  as a question of principle,  no  work   ever   degrades   any   one.  Looking at the question from its  INDUSTRIAL ASPECTS.  While-the object of the commission is  to   enquire  exclusively   into   Oriental   ,  immigration,   I hope  I   may  be   par-,  doned for saying thait much that one  may say on this subject applies equally to some of the inferior or lower orders of  the  Latin  races.   That  cheap'  labor is not an absolute necessity for  the production of any particular ar-  tiole of manufacture is shown by the  startling fact that it is not the cheap  labor countries that-iare the manufacturing   countries.     The    cheap    labor  countries  of  Europe  are   Italy,   Aus-  itria,  Spain, the agricultural parts  of  Germany, Sweden and Norway.     The  gieat manufacturing countries of the'  world are  Great Britain, the    United  States,   and   those   parts  of   Germany  not   included   in   my   former   remark:  and,   the  curious   fact  remains,   that  that country which is gradually forging ahead,  so  far as  industrial  skill  is   concerned,   and    to  some    extent  crowding    out    the   manufactures   of  other nations, Is the country in .which  laboi'  Us   most  highly    remunerated,  namely, the: Uni ted. States of;America.  It is the large American manufaetur- :  er,   who,   employing  white  labor  exclusively,  is now competing with  the  United Kin'gdom,   with Germany, and  all other  European  nations,  and  by  s-uperiority  of production alone, driving the European out of the market.  A striking illustration  of this-important ,fact   is the    recent    supply   of  bridge   material   and   locomotive   en-  '  gines  to    the    Imperial   Government-  Recently, the government was attacked in 'tlie house of commons for purchasing American locomotives for use  on the Indian nilways, Lord Hamilton, ���  Secretary of State  for India, (havingr  been  absent from   the    house  at the  time,   considered   the  matter   of   sufficient importance to reply to the at-;'-'  taok by a letter to the    Times, , and  in  that letter he made on statement ,  I wish to quote.   Said His  Lordship:   .  "You seem to think that orders have  ���gone abroad because those who * gave  them did not understand their business. I wish it were so. The competition we have to face Is founded'on  something much^more formidable and-7-  sub_.tan'tial. Mechanical research, th'e  consolidation of ealpital, thorough technical education and Improved industrial organization have? made In ?re-  Icent yeairs a greater 'adivance In  America than here. It is the j>roduct  of these combinations and not the assumed stupidity of the Indian officials  that the British enginiTer has .to fear."  , I may add that lt was from a high  lalior country to? a cheap labor country that these engines were sent.  .Mr.   Cassldy says  there  has  never  been enough labor in a  "'FLUID .CONDITION."  A "fluid condition" meaning that any  employer can, at any time, with little,  difficulty'.:Kind all the labor.-" he. may  need, for as long or .short a time ate  the exigencies of the particular matter in hand: may require. My friend  desires to see repeated in British Columbia the scene enacted every day  on the opening of the gates of any  of the London dock yards. There is  labor there in a "fluid condition."  Better, for better, 'that the employer  should go short of "fluid" labor than  that the misery and starvation of a  London dock yard should be repeated ,  in British Columbia. * .>,  My friend, Mr. Taylor, ,says that we  are asfking for the ordinary rule pre-  ivailinff in the British empire to, be  ohrogated. No, sire, on the contrary,  we aire asWng that the rule prevailing  in the great self-governing colonies of  mi  (Continued on Page Three.)  U  SfsKjvSSS'JK;��  'SS�� THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY .' JUNE 22, 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  3EO. HARTLEY   Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   B_!   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  .SUBSCRIPTIONS   IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; threo  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, (1.25.  ENDORSED HY TIM-. TRADES AND  LAUOIt COUNCIL. THE VANCOUVER   LAIIOR    PARTY    AND    Til 10  '     BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY..  ..JUNE  1901.  A CASE  OF  STUBBORNNESS.  The   News-Advertiser   of   Thursday  prints a lengthy article upon the fishery question favorable to the canners'  contentions.   Common  tulle has created the opinion that the canners' association   are   not   as   desirous   as   our  contemporary   would   lead   us   to   believe  for a settlement.   The sweeping  manner in which the canners seem to  act towards the 'fishermen would infer  that  there is a huge African  gentie-  imen some where in the cordwood, and  his  exact  location   seems   to  be  that  the small stockholders, small cannery  owners, and wiilte fishermen must be  driven from the Fraser to give place  to the more robust capitalist concerns,  whose determined attitude at all times  is against white workers and in faivor  of  Mongol cheap labor.   This contention is borne out by the fact of the  alssention of the News-Advertiser that  "the  outlook   for   the  future  of    the  market for canned salmon in the United   Kingston ha.ve changed   for    the  worse.*'   ,We   would   ask   upon   what  grounds  this  statement is based.   To  the best  of our knowledge  there  are  but three places of importance in the  world where salmon ure canned,  and  these   are  Puget   Sound,   Alaska, and  British Columbia.   The pack of Puget  Sound  is almost wholly consumed  in  the United States.   The piicks ot Alos-  Tai and this Province, outside of about  75,060  cases sold  in   Canada,  are  disposed of in foreign markets, principally London.   We .find  In  Stumbles'  report to the department of ifisheries that  the price   of  salmon    in   the  British  market for  the  year  1S99  for  pound  fiats was 21s. 6d. to 2Js. per case, and  according 'to the suime  authority  the  average price  paid   fishermen  was  22  icents  a  .fish.   Last   year  about   the  same   time   the   quotations   for   fiats  ���   were 22s. 9d. to 23s. 3d., and the price  for li'sh, as everyone knows, was from  19 to 20 cents.   And  before  the  close  of the season the selling price of cases  saw a further advance of several Shillings.   In 189S the price stood at about  21s.  Gd. for the same class of goods.  The San    Francisco    Trade    Journal  states that the Fraser River canners'  association's selling prices for 1901 will  be 2-is. for flats, with a reduction of 3d.  per case for lots of 1.000 to 2,500 cases.  6d. for 2,500 to 5,000 cases, 9d. for 5,000  to 10,000, and Is. for lots upwards of  10,000.   It will be seen from tho foregoing that the price of fish has suffered,  but ���very  little variation  during   the  past  four    seasons.   Notwithstanding  the   News-Advertiser,   the  prices   for  ���fish for 1901 will be better than heretofore.   We  must  not  confuse  prices  quoted for Alaskan fish with B. C, the  latter  being superior  in   quality.  If  the  "matter  now- rests with  the  fishermen,"   afe   the    News-Advertiser  _saysrirmighrbe~ih���or"dcF~tcrask_wiiat  tlons that organized labor ever dealt  with. It is a c-iise always with them  ln their dealings to have the whole  hog or nothing. A little conciliation  would not hero be out of place, and we  hope that Labor Commissioner Bremner will take a hand in this matter.  We do not iknow his views on this  question, but judging from Ills past  record we imagine that he would be  the proper person for both parties to  consult. The public should not be  compelled to suffer for the whims of  stubborn men, for this question affects  us all.  The demands of the striking C. P.  R. trackmen are so reasonable and  Just that thev have enlisted the sympathy of the nubile in a manner thnt  guaainteei. to them a substantial vlc-  torv. F.von should the men lose in this  division they would not be any worse  off for It. All they ask for is a living  wage. The daily press of this city  should be heartily ashamed of itself  for the cold blooded manner in which  they print such concocted yarns about  ���the trackmen. The strikers are a  hardworking honest lot of men, and  are not up 'to the wily tricks of the  C. P. It. officials, who know how to  work tiie press of the country in the  interest of that groat concern.  The Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here in great array. And it is a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best and most stylish products of the  looms of England, Scotland, France  and Switzerland. To these are added  the wash goods beauty of our own  land nnd the  United  States.  Our long experienced taste has been  exorcised ln selecting the great stock  lhat is here for your inspection. The  demands of fashion have been carefully met, and our showing Is well worthy  of your attention.  Quality, of course, Is the most Important point, and It has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  have also been carefully attended to,  and, as regards the matter of price,  you'll And they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, 'with an eye to  your satisfaction.  Visit our wash goods department  and get acquainted with the good  things we are offering.  It  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our o0u rye is it. Gold  Peal Liouor Company, 7-10 Pender street.  Blue Uililion Tea is packed in Vancouver bv white men���nro you drinkin" it?  Now, gentlemen, hero is the shop to  get your liuir cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   U. Ellis.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   The bottled goods aru  all iirst-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Kainier beer,ocents.  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder up of. the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  concessions the canners have made  since the negotiations were commenced. If their (first offer was 10 cents  a flsh, it will be seen that the fishermen have already met them half way,  as they asked IB cents. It .certainly  .seems to us that the matter now rests  . with the canners. The official copy of  the resolution passed on the 20th, received by us from Mr. Burdls, further  pioves that the canners are at fault,  because their first offer was for flsh  caught till Augtiiit 3rd, 12 1-2 cents,  ���while now the date is changed to July  27th���a week shorter.  We do not agree with the News-Advertiser tlint "the Fishermen's union  erred in rejecting tlio offer of the  Canners' association," when that body  ns the public know haive so little regard for their white employees. We  suggest to our contemporary when it  says "we trust, however, that wise  counsels will prevail in the Fishermen's union," that It might offer the  same advice with profit to the Canners'' association. Thlat body calls itself one of business, but it certainly  Teems fo tfs that it is one of the most  stubborn and  undiplomatic  combina-  THE FISHERY QUESTION.  Sir,���Friends  or   tools   of   the   cannerymen   profess   a  strong   desire   to  leave   the   disputed   question  of   the  price of fish to arbitration.   Mr. Editor,   lt  would  be  well   to  accept  and  test .tlie honesty of their proposal and  see if it is not Just as crooked as all  other offers to white and Indian fishermen  from   that  source.   They  have  already allotted only so many boats to  eatih cannery in the combine, so that  if there is a moderate or good run of  fish they have Jap  boats  and fishermen now engaged to ikeep ithe canneries running full time, so that the white  fishermen   are   practically    shut   out,  ���with very few    exceptions.   Will  the  cannery men leave it to arbitrators to  say shall tlie price be Ij or 20 cents  for the month of July, and 1-3 cents a  fish for the balance of the season, and  limit  the  full  good  working  capacity  of   each    cannery   in    the  combine?  Again,   will  the cannery management  submit  to 'arbitration    the    question,  shall 75 or 90 per cent,  of white and  Indian labor be employed in the canneries at fair wages? or, shall  75  or  90 per cent, of white and Indian fishermen be engaged or encouraged to do  the iflshing for the combine canneries?  Or,  will they be satisfied to ask  the  ban'lcs to dismiss 75 or 90 per cent, of  tlie    incapable    cannery    agents and  high officials now ruining the industry  (self-confessed), and appoint better men to fill the positions, men who  'know  more  of  general   business  and  sympathy with the  white citizens of  the country, and iknow less about lawn  tennils.  and   the  most popular  novels  of the day.   If a stop is not put to the  present business methods of this Fraser iriver cannery outfit it will not only  lead to a serious strike, but to bloodshed.  And the people can point to and  name  the very  men   who   would   be  responsible for it.   Would the citizens  of Japan allow in their own country  75 to 93 per cent, of white foreigners  to control the fishing or any of their  rivers.���Wo"have���It-On~the-auth"ority  of the Japan Herald that they would  not.   Would   any   country   under   the  sun allow it but right here in British  Columbia?   It is a disgrace to British  citizenship and to the Canadian flag  that citizens of this province have to  fight the capitalists to get any show  to live nnd bring up a family in any  kind   of   respectability.      The   white  workmen wnnt only fair play and a  chance to make an honest living under the old flag.   What they say and  do they want it to be known to every  .person,   from   King  Edward  down   to  tho smallest little trembling, half-clad  tot who knows  bis  parents  are  put  out  of  employment    by    Mongolians  and capitalists.        WORKING-MAN..  Steveston, June 19, 1901.  \ 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  union of Philadelphia have been fighting non-union concerns for the past  two years who violate the Sunday  closing law. Out of 427 prosecutions,  they only lost 19 cases. An appeal for  assistance in this work was dealt with  by the' union.  The election of officers then resulted  as follows: President, G. W. Isaacs,  ic-elccted unanimously; vice-president,  A. H. Leggatt, re-elected unanimously;  recording-secretary, C. D. Morgan, reelected unanimouslyn ; corresponding  and financial secretary, D. P. Johnson, re-elected; guardian, W. Krouse;  guide, J. A. Stew-art. J. B. McCallum  was given his credentials to fill the  unexpired term of A. Gilbert, delegate  to the T. and L. council.  Cif>ar ared Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159; financial secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 7.30 p. m., In Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer street*  COOKS. WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 2S. President, ChaB.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary. Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundcs; treasurer, Wm. Ellcndcr. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.  No 320 meet the last Sunday In eaoh  month at Union hnl!. President, C. B.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, s. J. Gothard, P. O. box 60;  treasurer, XV. Brand; scrgeant-at-nrmi,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  r_. Woodruff, 6. It. Itobb, 3. H. Browne.  N. Williams; delegates to Traiics and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.   H.   Browne.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS.  The last two meetings of this union  have been well attended, and owing  to important business have broken .up  at a late hour.  Bro. C. J. Salter, financial secretary  and la delegate to the Trades and Labor council, has resigned those positions (though he still remains a member of the union), having taken a situation in Nanaimo. The good wishes  of his comrades go with him. "Joe"  has been an active member of the local union since its organization, a willing worker in the interests of his fellow oraftsmen, and has never been  absent from a single meeting. Tills Is  a good record.  The 'next meeting will take place on  the 29th inst. Members who are desirous of breaking the above record  will  please attend.'  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspendes,  also a first class Tailoring Department, where only Union  Labor is employed.  *   We* guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  TELEPHONE 702.  160 CORDOVA STREET.  The Rendezvous  The best Lunch Counter in town.  Short Orders the Rule of the House  All the latest delicacies of the season.  Picnic, Fishing, Shootinc and Boating  Lunches put up on shortest notice.  All kinds ol Shell Fish on hand.  620 Hastings Street West  ��W^Givc us a call.  Our  Ice Cream  To-morrow (Sunday) evening the  Rev. Mr. Vrooman, pastor of the Central Congregational church, will  preach a sermon on, Labor. As Mr.  Vrooman is a man with progressive  ideas on ail modern thought, and has  made a. study of our economic system,  there is no doubt but that this will  prove a very Interesting subject to all  working imen. It is hoped that ��here  Willi be a large attendance. The ser-  ���vice commences at 7.30 p. m.  is made from the purest, sweetest ingredients tbat wero over put in Ice ('ream.  It is delectable.  Ico Cream, perqt., in cardboard boxes. ...? .10  JccCream, per c]t.. packed and delivered..   .50  lee Cream, per gal., packed und delivered. 1.G0  Ice Cream, per 5-gallon lots, packed and  delivered, gallon 1.50  Think of tins when yon are wandering what  you will have for a change of dessert.  Baker and  Confectioner,  113 Hastings Street. Telephone 307.  URANC'iJES: Bench House, No. I Arcade  Hotels.  . . MAKES A SPECIALTY OP . .  o    Heir's special Liqueur, also ���.  o    usner's bidgk Label Liqueur wnisKy  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMFORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cob.neb Cordova and Carball.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Eye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  MARKET QUOTATIONS.  Vancouver, Juno 12,1001.  [Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, 3M  Carrall street.)  I t 1 85  ) 200  aiOO  __> 00  20 00  @   14 00  @     200  A TROPICAL SUBJECT.  Although there has only been four  days of warm weather people are already grumbling about tlie heat  What these same individuals will do  when thev leave this world for their  next home it is hard to sny.���Nelson  Miner.  Flour-  Manitoba Hungarian, sack,  50 lbs  i 1 25  Grain���  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs  175  Oats, ton  25 00  Hrau, tou   Shorts, 1 ton   Feed-  Hay, ton  12 00  Sugar-  Sugar, Sack  5 CO  Vegetables-  Potatoes, old, 100 lbs  1 75  Turnips,'100 lbs  65  Onions, lb  7  Cabbage, lb  2\i            :t  Celery, 12 bnncbs7T77r."..T..~    20 "  30  Farm Produce-  Eggs, doz. fresh  25     @     25  Eggs Case, Manitoba, do/.. 20  lliitter, Creamery, prints  27              SO  Butter, Creamery, in tubs lb 27              30  Butter, Dairy, prints  20              25  Butter, Dairy, in tubs,lb.... 22  Cheese, Ontario, lb  15              17  Cheese, Manitoba, lb. old... 15  Lard, lb  15              15  I.iiril 3-lb. palls  45              45  Lard 5-lb. palls  70              70  Lard 10-lb. palls  14.           140  Lard 20-lb pails  275           2 00  Fruit-  Pear., Evaporated  10  Apples, local, box  75  Oregon Apples, Box  2 00  Vernon Apples, box  175  Oranges, ilnz  25  '                 15  ROYAL   HOTEL  Near to All Steamboat JVharvcs and  Rullway Depots.  IRli WATEIt ST.    -      -     VANCOUVER, B.   C  Everything new and up-to-date. Electric  Light throughout. Kates, .1 to ?2 a day.  Special rates for the week or month.  HOPRIRIv, SPISN'CE S: CO.  SALE  for Setting, $ I.50 fo�� 13  BLACK L4NGSHANS  Stock took First Prize at 1900 Poultry  snow at Vancouver.  Bl��$hl��nt   W-. D. Jones  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for tho engineering trade  in Vancouver.  OHOICEST^-*^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth "Wednesday of  each month, ln Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. Q.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalkor; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, 3. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. DicWe and  J.  Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-  PBNTERS and Joiners���.Meets every second and fourth Thursday in Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. MoKen-  zlc, AS! Ninth avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson; recording secrotary, A. E.  Coflin, "30 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georgw  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  TI1D RETAIL CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuc&duys of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2,022 Westminster Avenue.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. Of., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. G;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Linklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS-Beaver Lodge, No. 182���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday In  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, B.  Tiir.mins, 726 Hamilton streot; financial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOURENYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  , AMT3RIOA, No. lTS-Aleets alternate  Mondays ln room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams: vice-president, Mies  Graham; recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  ritt: financial secretary, Tremaine Best;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daoust.  THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY  meets every second'and fourth Wednesday in each month in Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartley; first vice-president,  Geo. Wilby; second vice-president, T. H.  Cross; recording 'secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial secretary, John Poarey; statistician, H. Williamson.  The best Cough Cure is "BIG 4"  have you tried it ?  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  streot, overy first and third Saturday ln  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, president; Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'L Union of  America, Local, No. 4G; Vancouver, B. C.  President. Jas. Wohstcr; vice-president,  R. F. 'McDonald; recording secretary,  Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary.  F. Rawlins, 040 Granvijle street, room 10:  financial secretary, C J. Salter, 413 Powell  street; treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moyles: delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  llng.  AMALGAMATED   SOCIETY   OF   CARPENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver.'lst  branch,  meets every alternate Tuesday,  Jn room   No. 2. La'bor Hall. President, J.  Davidson; secretary, j. T. Bruce, I  rls   street.  IHar-  Seymour Streeet,  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���*=-.  Consulting Mceliaiiic.il Engineers  520 Coiidova St. \\\, Vakccdvek, B. C. Tel. 76  Lemons, doz.  hauanas, doz  ELECTION  OF OFFICERS.  The Journeymen Barbers' union, No.  120, met on Wednesday night, when  there was a good attendance. Pres.  Isaacs Was _n the ehalr. A lot of communications   regarding    international  affairs was disposed of.   The Barbers' Smoked Fish, lb  V2H  1 -it,  2 20  1 78  -IU  20  .'10  [Corrected   by   Wide Awake   Butcher   Shop,  Corner Hamilton ami Georgia Streets.  Meals���  Beef, llolllng, lb :.. 8     @  "   Corned, Ib   "   t_teak_, Ib   "   Jtonth, lb   Pork, Itoast, lb   "   Chops, lb   Mutton, Legs,lb ....  "     Lulu, lb   "      Chops, lb...  Sausages, lb   Hams, lb   Hum, Sliced, lb   Bacon, Sliced, lb....  ���'    Side, Ib   "    Roll, lb   Veal, lb   Fish-  Halibut, lb   ��od, lb   Herring, lb ,  Salmon, lb..  8  10  10  18  1(1  18  12W  I2f-  18'"  15  15  12K  11%  IS  20  20  18  l.'if  8  18  10  10  5  10  12K  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Patentees and designers of tho Hurdle-  Thompson wator tube boiler, now high  speed reversing engines, and special  niBuhinery in light sections lor minus.  Propellers Designed.  Engines Indicated a.s-i,  Adjusted, :>  Solo agents In B. C. and X. W. Territories tor  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nesbitt Manager.  NEXT WEEK  SMITH and ELLIS  uniccrsal favorites  THE KRAMERS  tlie gotham duo  .PAULA CORDERO  the Spanish beauty  -wISRS' UNION, NO. 357���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union hall. President, A. Kochel ; vice-  pi esident, C. Crowder; secretary, G.  Thomas, Jr., 14S Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson: sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No.* 138.  Meets every Thursday in Labor hall. Preceptor. *W. Davis; president, *VV. Pavler;  vice-president, B. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1750 Eighth avenue, Fair-  view; financial secretary, W. Halllday,  Elcsmcro House; treasurer, ��� II. ��� MeSorley: trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  Cole.  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. in Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Hornier  streets. J. Stoiioy. vice-president;, R. J. ,  Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Van- ,  couver. Visiting 'brethren Invited to attend. .!    '  I-IMB..EK  Stilljwith us  KALACRATUS  From Their Xiuialmo. booth field and  I'rotcetluu Inland ''olllerien,  Steam, Qas  and  House Coal  Ol the Following Grades:  Double Screened I*ump,  Run of tlie Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  ' EVANS, COLEMAN ,5. EVANS, Agents,  Vancouvor City, B. C.  Why do you cough when " BIG 4  COUGH GURE " will cure you. SATURDAY JUNE 22, 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  More Bargain News from the Clearing Room  PENNIES SAVED MAKE DOLLARS.  So save tlm pennies. We save vou  something on almost every article  bought hero; besides you gut Exact  Change, alone no small saving. It's  what you save that makes you rich.  Everything offered in this section is a bargain,  but Saturday the reduction in price make them extra  Snaps. You know what a bargain is. Does it not  strike you that in this room* you get goods at un-  hoard-of prices. These are on Sale at 8:30 prompt,  Saturday morning.  flAT~>>  TRIMMINGS  Flowers, Foliage, Roses,  Spravs, .Birds, Wings, Etc.,  worth "5c to f3, clearing  room prices,  85 to 50c each  CORSET&  A few left. They sold  from $1 to f3.50 pair, clearing room price,  50c a Pair  Women's and  Children's  Whitewear  *  Many varieties corset covers, night dresses, chemises,  etc., at about  One Quarter Regular  Prices.  hats  Trimmed and untrimmed  I0,25��> 50c Ea.  Xot ono in the lot, but  what are worth from 50c  to ��2.  Dress Muslins  Sc a Yd.  All lengths  worth 15c  and 25c a yard.  DRESS GOODS  All remnants and lengths  have been reduced.  3 Lots, 50c,  $1  and $1.50 Ea.  Children's  Sun Bonnets.  Your choice of thu balance  of these ��2.50 dainty little  bonnets and hats, ���  VEILBNGS_^>  Regular prices were -10c, 50c and COc a yard, clearing  "*      room prico ].. IOc a yard  4��c Each  Women's Ca|>es  and Jackets.  If your mt your mind  upon securing one oi these,  come early. There are only  SIX of tliem. You can  have your choice for  $2 Each  Thoy are worth ��7 to ��10.  In endlelss ivariety, our seacoasts likewise are unexampled in their (productiveness. We have tirrfber of enor  mous size, and almost inexhaustible ln  quantity. I ask you then to make  such'ireport as will Justify the government in imposing such, a head tax  as to amount to exclusion. I ask you  to so report as to preserve one of the  fairest portions of the earth's (surface  for the Canadian people, and not allow dt to be wrested from them, not by  conquest, but simply ,by engulfing us  in the rising tide of Oriental immigru.  tion.  9-^y-  The Favorite Smoke  TIIE TRAM'S STRIKE    (Continued from Pago Ono.)  f ANCY COLLARS AND CDFES  Pour Sets for 25c.   Former price, 25c a set.  The Great  Stores of  The Great  West  UDSON'S BAY SI ORES  Corner  Granville and  Georgia Sts.  0.WILS0RLC,  ADDRESS TO TIIE  ROYAL COMMISSION  (Continued Prom Page One.)  ���   .Australia and Natal,  and the neigh-  coring   republic,   may   be   introduced  .   there.  It is further, said ithat these people  do  <not  come  here  as  the  result  of  servile contracts.   I cannot prove that  they <lo, but I will mention one significant fact:   In .15 years since the passing of ithe head tax there has  been  paid for the entrance into this coun  tiy  iby  the    Chinese    alone    JSlS.Oife  .gold   dollars.   Approximately  in   tlielr  .own money,  the silver dollar,  nearly  ? .   That is  to say, these laborers .coming here tt> wotik for  the  .low wages raised the enormous sum of  41,636,066 for the privilege of entering  the   country  and  .paid   at  the  same  ���time their own fares and expenses to  come  here. .Is   such    a    proposition  , credible?  OHMviing now in the time at my disposal ���touched upon. the industrial aspect of the question, I wish to refer  lo Its  NATIONAL OR POLITICAL,  aspect, and In this connection I refer particularly to the evidence of the  Rev. Canon Beanlonds. I seleot his  evidence,' because it Is that" of a highly cultivated, scholarly, clergyman,  who courageously put forward what at  |\ first sight ���seemed 'to me a most at-  |\' traJotive theory,  namely, .that "There  5s'a time in the history of eivery coun-  ' try when the existence of a. servile  class helps tho development, and that  the existence of this class emphasized  the position of the workman who was  a member of the dominant race. That  the Chinese who came here did not  ���compare with the whites or enter into  ���competition with  them."  Now, as this theory tended to the  advancement of tlie white laborer, it  seemed particularly attractive. The  question is: Is it sound? Is there any  single Instance of a nation dn modern  times .prospering witli a servile olass?  JDo we .need to go further than the  civil war in the United States? Certainly .the result of on attempt to  maintain a senvile class in the Southern States have not been a suoeess.  Conditions in British Columbia seem  ito point to this:   That 'there aire some  iartizans  and   mechanics,   and   a   few  .of the better sort of laborers receiving the best of wages.   But the substratum of  the industrial .situation is  Oriental.' Now,  of this,  Can'on  Bean-  _Ja,nd>*��� approves. ,I_venture_to -think  that he  loses sight of the important  -fact, that the Oriena.1 substratum will  not   remain .quiescent.   As    a  matter  of   fact,   it   is   gradually   forcing   itn  way upward and disturbing and  displacing .the very men whom the Can  on seeto to benertlt.   So far from elevating   tho  nrtizan  and   mechanic,   I  cannot but think it will have the op  ���posite effect.   The knowledge that he  Is of a 'higher type of humanity will  ije   little  compensation  to  hlni   when  the .servile substratum has forced its  way   upward,   and   working  for  low-  wages nt  the higher .branches ot labor driven the  white artisan out.  There are large areas of .London in  ���   which  the Poles and  Slavs, a'servile  cheap  laboi-   class,  have   driven   the  English   out���the  some process  there  ns hero, the Knglish worker displaced  "by the (foreigners who will live under  conditions  intolerable to tihe Englishman.   Does he  thlrtk you  feel  proud  that he is free?   That he.belongs  to  _.the    dominant  race?      Free.   Yes,   to  do what?   Starve.   It would be a curious   enquiry   to  ascertain   what  becomes   of the displaced   Englishman.  What becomes of the British worker?  To every deep, there is a lower depth,  and honest poverty having been dls  plaiced by the Pole and Slav, Is it rea-  son'able to suppose lt has been exalted?   Is it not more probable that they  halve become part of the submerged  ���tenth and reached that depth of poverty  'aWd  degradation  that gives  no  hope of raising?  I irefar to the evidence of the following  WITNESSES,  who see the evil of Oriental immigration. I select them as employera of  labor, citizens of high standing in the  community, and men whose opinions  are entitled to careful consideration:  , Thomas R. Smith-Contended that  canneries look upon Chinese a!s an efvil  generally. Policy would be to exclude.  J. A. Sayward���Chinese crowd, out  whiter and Indians. .Favors restriction.  Mr. Munsey���Could afford to pay a  higher wage. Do not fear lany trade  dteturbanfces. Willing 'to see Orientals excluded.  . E. J. Palmer���No Inconvenience will  be experienced from restriction of Chinese. Neither Chinese or Japanese  are a benefit Ito the country.  Thos. Piercy���Thoroughly favors exclusion and protection to white labor.  Henry Croft���Averse to Oriental immigration.   Advocates   restriction.  Mr. Hunter���Prefer to see white labor .predominate throughout the country. Country better without Orientals.  It would be a menace to the country  If people like Ohinese. were found encroaching on the general aiVocatlons  of the people. I believe this would  be a better country without them.  Industrial conditions would not be affected by restriction or prohibition.  , D. Spencer, Victoria.  J iMr.   Hoslam,  Nanalmo.  R.   H.   Alexander,   Vancouver���If it  wer .not for the necessities of our particular   industry  would   much  prefer  that  the  immigration  should  be limited     to   whites.     To   build   up   the  country population must be homogen  ous.   Does  not  approve   of  'them   as  citizens.   Prefers to see them replaced  by whites.   Wages would not increase  if exclusion put ln force at once.   Prefer country should be occupied by our  own people.  J. G. Woods, Vancouver.  J.  XV.  Hackett,  Vancouvei^-Had to  employ   Orientals   to   compete   with  others employing them.  Bunnet Macdonald, Rossland.  Mr.   Kirby,   Rossland���It is not for  the  best interests of the community  to have an unlimited supply of Oriental  labor come into a country.   Plan  adopted   in   the   United   States has  worked out well.  Mr.  Croasdaile,   Nelson.  F. Burnett���Sentimentally, yes; business, no.  Major Dupont���Even does not want  ���them. In the interest or the country  it would be preferable to have whites.  Suggest license to come for Ave years.  There is, therefore, no .possible reason for delaying relief. The time will  never arrive, according to the employer, when the conditions will be favorable _for    the    exclusion _of the.  so long as  Oriental.- In other words,  you have .got the* desire of profit as  the only course operating between the  master and servant, Just so long will  the master Insist, ' and no one can  blame him for insisting, .on obtaining  as large u profit as he possibly can  get. But this commission is not sitting in the interest of either master  or ��omant. It Is sitting to enquire into the advisability of restricting the  Immigration of Orientals. According to the evidence that has  been given, repeatedly have witnesses  stated that they behove no dislocation  or no disturbance of trade relations  would take place, by some immediate  measure of relief. Tf so, why then  Rhould It be delayed. Now is tho lime  before the evil becomes greater than  lt Is now. And now in conclusion permit Tne to make some few  GENERAL OBSERVATIONS.  There would seem to be three great  centres of the earth's surface, which  seem to be specially 'adapted for the  habitation and enjoyment of tho human race���the White; the Mongol and  the Negro���each in Its own centre,  namely, the Wrhlte In Europe and the  northern part of the American conti  ment and possibly some portion of the  southern port of the American contl-  ���rtent. The Mongol in the north eastern part of Asia, and the Negro in  equatorial Africa, and apparently in  some parts ofthe United States. Each  In dts own centre appears to .reign supreme, and it would seem as df nei  ther of the other in  that .particular  locality could oust the one, for which  it seems   to have been  specially designed. On the borders of e"ach of these  three gieat areas of  tlie earth  they  come   inLo  conflict   either Industrially  or military, and it is just such a con  flict as that that we have here.   The  question then anses, which is it that  in  the contest for the industrial and  political occupation   of ithe northwest  part of the North American continent  shall prevail?   Tlie white man or the  Oriental?   Now, we have all thp legal  and political  advantages;  we are in  possession   and  we .would    be   worse  than  fools;  we would  be  blundering  traitors ir we ever allowed ourselves  to  be ousted  from  the advantageous  position we possess.   We haive got to  meet this great people on their own  .ground, not iadustrially but politically, and we have got to see that they  are excluded from our borders so that  our  own  people  may  be  allowed   to  come in and possess and occupy the  land.   Immigration into the northwest  part  of  Canada is at present really  excluded by the Oriental.   The white  laborer   or   the   intending   immigrant  will not face eastern competition, and  he is wise in his generation.   He does  not go to China, he does not go to India,, he   does   not   go   to   Japan,   but  seeks a  newer  and  wider Held.      In  point  of  fact,   the  western  man���the  man of the British Islands, the great  colonizing nation  of ..the world���never  went east, but for the purpose of con  quest.   For the purpose of occupation  and  colonization,   he leajves  the  east  and  goes toward  the west.   Merciless  he may be in his progress.   He may  trample   other   races   under  his   foot;  he   may   either   absorb   or  extinguish  tihem, and  if  they  are people  of his  own type he will absorb them.   If they  are people of an  Infenor type    they  will ,be extinguished.   When, however,  he comes in or near the boundaries of  cither of .the other two great races of  mankind,   then he meets   them  within  their own .territory, with a power  equal to his.   He meets a race incapable of extinguishment,    and    before  which  even he,   with  all  his  characteristic vigor and endurance, is bound  to recoil.   Let us then see that in 'this  our land this conflict may be put an  end to, and our industrial classes not  be brought into conflict with the races  already referred to.     We cannot allow one of the fairest portions of the  earth's   surface   to  be   wrested   from  Canadians.     Tlie question is then not  wholly economic and industrial, but as  I already pointed out,  largely  A NATIONAL QUESTION.  We have commercial protection, and to  that extent baneflt both the Canadian  laborer and Canadian capitalist. We  have, laws presenting [Introduction of  -n'llen_']aborr Why-should~w-e not go  one step farther and prevent the voluntary Immigration into our country  of a class of laborers, not only aliens  In race, but aliens in civilization?  Such observations ns these are true  not  only of   Orientals,   but  they are  equally true of Italians and other Latin races.   I do not say that the evidence points wholly in this direction,  ���lint I do venture to give It ns my own  Impression   that   the   Latin  and   Sla  ���vonlc races of Europe are not wanted  here.   With the Teuton and the Scandinavian we a'sslmllate. "Each merges  Into the land.   They are of our own  tyjio.   It  is   from   them    we   sprung.  Thoy  become  In  every sense of   the  word   good   citizens  nnd  loyal   Canadians.     We   can   make   loom  in this  country  for .some thousands of  people who would .be greatly benefitted  by the change.   We have a clime unequalled in salubrity and nt the same  time  variety���the  home -ot a strong,  stuidy  and   independent   people.   Arc  we then to allow this land to become  the home of a servile alien race, their  superintendents paying tribute to nonresident capitalists and a few tradesmen who  supply  the  wants of both.  We have grand mountains containing  every   variety   of-1 minerals   in abundance,  gold, silver,  copper, lead, iron  and  coal.   We have beautiful valleys  capable  of  producing  all   the  necessaries of life and some of the luxuries  for  the toiling thousands  in our  own ajid other .fields  of labor.     We  have rivers teeming with food, fishes  insist upon a minimum rate of $1.76  per day.  In the higher 'branches of labor in  the maintenance-of-way department,  the Increases asked for are equally  reasonable. A section foreman, for Instance, who may have senved the company faithfully for years, who has  very considerable responsibility, and  also has often to handle gangs of men  of all matilonallties, cannot be said to  be over-paid at ?C3 per month, and  to-day he only gets too per month; if  married, $1 is ikept out of his earnings  for doctor's fees, and if single SO  cents.  From present indications the strike  does not promise to be of long duration. The demands of the men are so  reasonable, they have been preferred  in such a conciliatory spirit that the  company cannot well fail to accede  thereto, more especially as public opinion ,is heartily with the men. Moreover any .prolongation of the strike  would necessarily result in a complete  tie up of the road, as the trainmen will  not undertake the responsibility of  running trains over unprotected road  beds. The lives of the travelling pub  lie, as every one knows, are Just as  much in the hands of the trackmen  as trainmen.  Every move in connection with the  strike has been cqnducted by the men  in a most admirable way.   They took  no mean advantage of the company in  nny  particular, and do not intend  to  Injure  them at all, having left their  wonk on the road in first-class condl  tlon.   They did not try to hold up the  company as one   official    stated,   but  can the same be said of the officials?  The  course pursued by the company  cannot fail Ito give irise to a great deal  of ill-feeling.   Men are being imported from Seattle to take .the places of  the   strikers,   and   large   numbers   of  special   'constables  are   being   posted  all along the line.   This special  constable business is most extraordinary,  and  calls for  explanation    from   the  Provincial authorities.   These men are  irfstruated   to   watch   th'e   track  and  ieport anything unusual in the shape  of rook slide, etc., etc., to C. P. R. of-  iflcials.   The  mien   are   supplied   with  flags  and  torpedoes,   so' that for  all  practical   purposes    they    are    track  ���wiatohmen, but'ore in* the pay of the  Provincial government at the rate of  $2.50 per diem.   It is alleged that these  specials    are    employed    FOR    THE  BENEFIT       OF    THE    STRIKERS,  FROM WHOM NO DANGER IS ANTICIPATED.   When the trains go by  some  of  these  worthies    called    men  hide themselves in the bushes till the  train has passed when they come out  on ithe track again with the flag under  their arm���ashamed   of   their  Job,   as  it were.  Where the benefit to the striker comes  in In having special constables paid  J2.50 per day to do the wonk he declines to do alt tl.40, is not quite clear.  It* looks very much as if Athe C. P. R.  were malklng use of the Provincial  authorities to secure watchmen free  of cost. Policemen do not as a rule  ride up and down the track on speeders, armed with flags and torpedoes,  for the purpose of guarding the roadbed, from falling rock or land slides.  Presumably it will be the duty of these  specials to take into custody any rooks  or land slides they may encounter, or  ���is it that the company think some  persons are going to steal the track,  or going to walk off with, the rolling  stock?  These specials are in no real sense  employed on police wonk. They are  engaged to watch the C. P. R. railway in place of the strikers, and that  Is work no union man, and no man  in sympathy with the trackmen's commendable effort to secure a living  wage should engage in. The fact that  he goes through the farce of being  sworn .in as a special, and is in receipt of $2.50 per day from the tax-  ���pa-yers, does not do away with the  more important fact that he is taking the part of a railroad corporation  against men who are struggling for a  fair day's pay for a fair day's work.  If the company fear that damage  may be done to their property by the  ���strikers let them say so boldly, and  call upon the government to provide  the. necesasry police protection. The  company know there Is nothing to fear  from the men. They must have  watchmen, though, io 'take the place  of the strikers and hence tills resort  to specials. This is being done  throughout the province, wherever the  ���company's lino e\tend. So that the  people of this province are to-day paying the wages of C. P. R. track watchmen and thus assisting tho company  .In their refusal to meet the demands  of their  regular  employees.  Surely this Is a most extraordinary  state of affairs. Even in the United  States where corporations readily resort to the militia and Plnkertons to  coerce strikers, neither the militiamen  nor the Plnlkertons do the work of the  strikers.  Ono further proof that the trackmen  must be competent men Is the fact  that all tho officials, from the chief  engineer to the superintendent and  their paid assltants, cannot keep the  road open as it should be, for trains  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e-<s*-  Turner, Beeton S* Co.   Wholcaalo Agents  VANCOUVBR, VICTORIA. NKLSON, B. C.  P. O. BOX 296.  'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands:  MONOGRAM, MAEGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      Kmequ   V        *  Oh." **a*3*M\T " <*- ku bean Mukdrih. Oott KoM  mtuu pufistf-fctlihetion. v   �� w����w�� ��� rw*U4 wan.  Made hy TMB J. O. KWG OO-.tlmltec^ T��wuto__.-  Greenlees Brothers.  LORNE, RARE OLD and  0. B. LiaUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked /or in Preference  to anij other brand.  J.   K.   MEGREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaulta.   Cambie   Street.  1867  1901  Dominion Day  ^^Celebration  At Vancouver, Jlfand 2  Championship Lacrosse, Baseball, Bicycle  and Horse Races. The Nafy Men  will also Participate in the Games.  .. .FIELD AND AQUATIC SPORTS...  H. M.'s Warships will be present!  GOD SAVE THE KING.  MAYOR TOWNLEY, Chairman.  S. J. GOTHARD, Sec.  CANADIAN  and  are already arriving late.  For stomach trouble of any ldnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or.you get your money batik. Cftc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points In Canada aud tho United States.  TUE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOR JAPAN AND  CHINA.  EmprcsB of China  July Sth  Empress of India         "    July "9th  Empress of Japan .'..'..Juno 17th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  "?'������� May 31st,  Jliowcri. June 23th;  Aorangt...     July 26th  aud evory four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to '  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATER,  A.G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C.  i  Woman'* Time.  ���Is surely worth '_on.at_.ing. Tt is  worth too much to throw it away in  doing her o*n washing. Particularly  when we do nil "FLAT GOODS" AT  24c A DOZEN.  Count vour time and soap and fuel  and starch and blueing and wear and  tear, then seo how far'Jlc will go.  Tablecloths, napkins iheets, pillow.  cnHin, towels and all goodb that can be  init through our big steam mangles aro  termed " flat goods." lint your bundle  must I on fair iitsortmeiu of large and  small pieces.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  D. M. STEWART, Pnor.  Puose 346. 910 - 914 EicnAitns St.  The laundry ot the dark red wagons.  | :   GEO. HAY   : f  4&     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes      ��&  2      Renovator, makes a suit new.     ���^  V   n ��  ^ Dyeing and Repairing. X  A 216 Cambie St., Vancouver.      '' X  '���a  '_3f  /{if  ��� "''-u THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY......./ JUNE S2, 1901.  &ALMAGUM  A Sung of Toil.  1 take the little kiss the gives, when I go forth  at morn,  1 take llie Utile farewell wish upon the breezes  borne;  ltake her little arms'carets uud iu the morning light  Uo out into tho world of toil, the battle for the  right.    *���  ltiug, anvil>>, with your clangor!  lturn, forges, tierce and larl  The night shall bring the world of home,  Where love and gouduesi, uic!  I lean to little lips she lifts to my rough lips of  love,  1 read the mother hope that shines in eyes that  gleam above;  1 hear the roaring city cull, and unto it I go,  Ught-heurted for the stress bocaubo a child  huurt loves me so.  Swing, hammeis, with your clatter!  Whirl, wheels, und hlitift and beam!  The light of love shall guide me home  From out this shroud ol steuiu.  1 tako tho little rose she holds and pin tt on my  breast,  I take the  tender memory of her word that  cheered and blest;  I face tho argent purposes of the labor that is  mine.  Filled with her trust und patience, her youth  und fuiih divine.  Plunge, cities, with your thunder  Of trutlic-shoul uud roar!  1 take the tusk and 4o the deed,  While she waits ut tho doorl  I take the task, 1 fuce the toll, I deem it sweet  to be  Bound to the labor that is love for love's fine  liberty;  From morning  until eventide, remembering  her 1 go,  Uudor tho bending wheel that glides forwurd  to uud fio.  Sing, mills, your clattering chorus,  Down where the millions sweat!  1 bare my urms uud give my strength  And joy in what I get!  I give und take, uud give again, aud unto dark  bent  Beneath  tho burden of the  tusk for  which  bwcet life is spent;  But, ah I the wage  so dear to huve, the little  lips thut wuit,  The heurts thai ring,  the arms  that cling,  when I unlatch the gate.  Clung with your mighty revel!  itoar, cities, with \our strile!  And (Jod be praised lor siicugih to toil  For wage oi love und lue!  ���Folger MeKmsey, ui llulthuore News.  an attachment to signal an undertaker  without making any noise ami attracting attention.  If average people knew as many mean  things about themselves us they do  about their neighbors they would be  ashamed to look at themselves in a looking-glass.  Max���Did you say she's a tine conversationalist V  Joe���] should think she was. Why,  she's the crack whist player of the West  Kml.  There are organists uud other organists. The organist of a church on. the  hill was a guest of little Dot's nianinia.  At dinner she asued the visitor: "Do you  play an organ?"  "Yes, dear."  "Then," gravely inquired the little  miss, "where's your monkey '!"  i'latches for John Bull.  More matches are used in tho United  Kingdom than in any other country in  the world.' It has been estimated that  the Knglish  peoplo use an average of  eight matches each person a day,  annually    over    1,700,000,000,000  burned.  unci  aro  One head is better than two���for a boil.  If you would polish  varnish of ilattery.  i fool, apply a  An ounce  of "sav."  of "du'' is worth a found  Some people help others,  themselves.  Others help  The man who indulges in self praise  adds nothing to his reputation.  l^irst Tramp���Do you remember that  dog's teeth ? ,  Second Tramp���I do. They made  quite a deep impression on me.  Patience���You say the first car which  came along stopped at the crossing V  l'atrice���Yes, the motorman didn't  happen to see me.  Ah!  He���Cissie, I've heard il said that a  kiss without i  without salt.  She���Well,  can't tell, for,  moustache is like an egg  Is that so ?  really, I don't know.   I  vou see, I've never���  He���Ah, now!  She���Never   eaten  salt.���ISx.  an   egg   without  What " Queers" the Coffee.  Not one cook in a hundred is careful  enough not to allow coffee to boil, and  boiling will queer the best coffee on  earth. It must come just to the verge  of boiling and stay there for a few minutes, but never go beyond, for boiling  brings out the tannic acid and not only  injures the llavor and aroma, but makes  the stuff positively injurious, says an expert.  'If,  Not Worth the Oil.  1 says Sir Kobert Ball, discours  ing on the subject of signalling to Mars,  "the whole extent of hake Superior was  covered with petroleum, ami if that  petroleum was set on tire, then 1 think  we may admit that an inhabitant "of  Mars who was furnished with a telescope as good as that which Mr. Ver-  cival Lowell uses at Flagstaff might be  able to see that something had happened." The prospect for social reformers who have been hoping to get a  few tips ironi Mars is not exactly  encouraging.  A little fellow of 5 was quite sick and  his mother said, " Here, Willie, take  this powder the doctor left for you."  " I'owder," exclaimed the small  invalid, "why, mamma, I'm not a gun!"  " Did  you   say  your   schoolteacher  chased you to-day, Johnnie ? "  " Yea, sir."  '  " Did he catch you ? "  " Yes, indeed, he did, and he had a  rod the best of me."  that  Mamma���Itemember,   my  son,  activity sharpens the faculties.  Willie���Is that what makes the busy  bee so sharp at one end, mamma?  Johnny���Tommy Smith's mother  "makes liihrgd-tcTSuirday scliool~every  Sunday.  Johnny's Mamma���Why do you sny  she makes him go?  Johnny���'Cause he goes.  The first menu card was  of a blackboard, on which  the  courses was  chalked  used uy  1500.  in the form  the order of  up.   lt was  Duke Henry of Brunswick in  A foreigner has invented a tobacco  pipe which has a whistle in the stem to  enable him to whistle for his dog without taking the pipe from his mouth.  What we need now is a cigarette with  His Itemized Bill.  K\\ artist employed in decorating the  properties of an old church in Belgium,  being refused payment in a lump sum,  was asked for details and sent his bill as  follows:  Corrected the Ten Commandments;  embellished Pontius l'ilate and put a  ribbon in his bonnet; put a new tail on  the rooster of St. Peter and mended his  comb; replumed and gilded the left  wing of the Guardian Angel; washed  the servant of the High Priest, and put  carmine on his cheek; renewed heaven;  adjusted two stars and cleaned the  moon; revived the flames of hell, put a  new tail on the devil, mended his left  hoof and did several jobs for the  damned; rebordered the robe of Herod  and adjusted his wig; put new spotted  sash on the son of Tobias and dressing  in his sack; cleaned the ears of Balaam's ass and shod him; putearrings in  the ears of Sarah; put a new stone in  David's sliug; enlarged the head of Goliath and extended his legs; decorating  Noah's ark; mended the shirt of Joseph  and cleaned his ears.  -.-Try-a-bottle-of-Eisen-Port,-the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  When you want to hire a. flrat-class  horse and bucsy, SO to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Drink Ked Cross Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 do/., quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 74(i Pender street. ?  'f  FLINT'S BRCKMO GRIPPE CUKE,  neve.* falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives instant relief���  guaranteed, your money back. 25c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Also a copy of the architects report  on the Seymour school which reads as  fallows:  Vascouvkk H. C, March 7, 1!H)1. ���  J. J. Woods, K.(|., Sccietary Hoard of School  Trustee, Vancouver, B. O.;  Dear Sim,���After going over tho Inspector's  report, which I have dono most carefully, 1 am  sntblied that lie hns done his duty faithfully'  and thai the Seymour school could nut be reproduced for le.^s money than it has cost.  Before taking tenders last August, I wns  Hiked by some of the lion id my opinion oti dny  labor and contiuct, und t then slated that  tuiapcoiitraet wus the cheapest, aud thut it  produced the worst iiuulity of work. Separate  contracts for each trade produced better work,  but cost more; and that day labor produced the  best results, but was the most costly. Aud if  the board will Into nihility Into consideration  and compare tho Seymour school with any  building built by contract, I feel sutislled that  the Seymour school building will prove my  statement correct, and thut while the total  cost seems heavy, there arc some items, hUcli  as the septic/tank;, heuvy blasting, etc., which  were not in the contract, but which by reason  of the position of the site, wcru absolutely  necessary, will iu the future prove economical1  and show that in buildings good work aud  material ure tho cheapest iu the end. Yours  truly,  (Signed.) E. A. WHITEHEAD,  Architect.  And vve believe it would be a good  Idea lif ithe school iboard would throw  these two sohools open for inspection  to the .public during the Dominion day  holidays.  All of which is respectfully submit  ted by your committee. ,.  The Tool Sharpmers ie,>orted in favor  of the proposed 5u-cunt assessment for  Labor Day. The Fishermen will report  later. The Amalgamated Carpenters  subscribed $5.50. i'lien the question of  the Labor Day celebration was deferred.  Nominations of oilieers were made as  follows, to be opened again at the next  meeting:  President���.7. Crow, J. Morton, J. H  Watson, K. Macpherson.  Vice-president���W. J. Lamerick, E  Crush, R. Todd, J. C. Marshall.  Secretary���Mr. Cross.  Treasurer���J. Pearey, J. II. Watson.  Financial Secretary���W. Beer.  Statistician���J. C. Marshall.  Sergeant-at-arms���A. Zetterman.  Executive (two to be elected to act  with the officers)���K. Todd, J. B. Mc-  Callum, A. Paton.  The Ketail Clerks wrote regarding the  council adopting an uniform badge or  button for the members of the unions.  Messrs. Lamerick and Watson will report on the matter.  J. Miller wrote requesting the council  to appoint representatives on u committee re an exhibition to be held on or  about 1003. Messrs. Watson, Cross and  Todd were appointed.  The Tanners' and Curriers' Union,  of lierlin, Out., explained its present  difficulty with the Lang Tanning Company. The secretary was instructed to  write tho different local leather dealers  regarding same.  A committee was appointed to interview the agent for certain non-union  cigars now being sold in this city to tbe  detriment of the local cigarmakers.  A delegate of the Barbers stated-'that  they had now a case against Lambert  pending for violating the Sunday closing by-Jaw.  C. P. K. STKIKE'.  Attention was called to the swearing  in of Provincial police who are doing  trackmen's duty on the C.P.K. In a  forcible manner" it was pointed out to the  council by delegates from the Trackmen's  Union the injustice of such a course and  a committee was appointed to investigate the matter witli full power to act.  Other delegates furnished evidence in  regard to this matter, ami it was clearly  shown how certain specials liud openlv  boasted on Hastings street that they hail  been sworn in to do this duty, and "were  receiving two dollars and a half a dav,  besides thowing lire arms with which  they had been provided.  The following resolution was passed  unanimously:  Whereas���The trackmen on the C. P.  R. are at present engaged in a struggle  with that corporation for a more equitable wage; and  Whereas���The members of this council consider the trackmen are entitled to  a living wage, and that $1.25 is not a  living wage for any man in this western  country, some of whom have large families to support; and  Whereas���This council has considered  both sides of the question; therefore  be it  Resolved���That this council extend its  sympathy to the trackmen in tlieir  struggle for better conditions, and (wish  teem success in their just demands) and  hoye that every striker will bear in mind  the words of Longfellow who says:  In the world's broad Held of battle,  -In tho bivouac of life  The Mint  Is the new saloon at tho corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods tire tho best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  You'll not find fault with any iiuallty you  gel -ut the .I-eot>le'�� l'opular l'nce Pharmucy.  tjuulily is of supremo importance.  You'll not find fault with.the prices���tboy  nre always fair and lower than other storo's  prices.  OUR  PRICtS  NOT CONTROLLID  BY  ANY  COMBINE.  Custoriu, Regular Trice.15c, our piicc  25c  Carter'.-I'llls, "       "   25c,   '���     '      15c  Dr. Ulbson's Kidney Cure, Itegular l'rlco  (1.5U, our price    $1  Sl'ONCIKS AND SOAI'S AT MALf PBICt.  1'KESCKII'TIONS : SO per cent, lower than  other STORES.  Gerald Deyell   druggists  W. D.Wylle  Successors to J. A. L. McAlphine.  Mason & Riscb  May be bought by monthly Instalments from  Gideon Hicks & Co.  ���_3 Hustincs street,  Vancouvor,  83 Government st.  Victoria.  CREDIT:  Times are hard and cash Is scarce, nnd  ���Is likely to 1>c till after the fishing season. On the other hand we are placing  our students into positions so fast (39 ln  .seven weeoks) that -we will be short of  graduates for the fall 'business. For this  reason we axe prepared to make arrangements (with responsible parties) for a full  commercial course iin such a way that the  full fee is not,payable till the end ot the  six months' course. Offer open till June  10th, 1901.  Tlie ll.ll.A. Voscl Coumicreial Collcgo  r. O. Box 347.  Vancouver, B. C.  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725 Hastings St.       Union Labor Only  ICECREAM!     !CEt) DRINKS!  G. B. Chocolates,  English snd Canadian 'Confectionery  MONTREAL  BAKERY  WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  Bo not like dumh driven cuttle���  Due be u hero in tlie stnie.  ALIEN LAW BROKEN.  Revolstdke, B. C, June 20, 1901,  G. R. Maxwell, M. P.,  Vancouver, B. C:  Information received thait provincial  government are  bringing scabs from  Seaitlle swearing tliera Jn as .provincial  police contrary to alien act.  tlvlndly attend to it at once.  T.  J.   GRAHAM,.  Sec. B. It. T. A,  Best  945  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea and Coffee Pots  Tea Kettles in all Sizes  (Nicklc Plated)  These goods will last a life time.  No scouring to keep clean  Always look bright  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and  408  Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AMD RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Telephone 651.  Western Cartage Co  W. A. McDonald  _  ^TrucksTDrays-ahd"Express~  Wagons  for  all  Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Cambie Street.  ��� Want a New Bike?  Come in and let us tell you about  *  ^ Come in and let us tell you about our new a  ^ Easy Payment Plan.   You'll own a high-grade X  ~  wheel before you realize it is costing you anything. A  ASK ABOUT IT.  Bicycle Store  24 Cordova St.  SOLE AGENT  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLES.  .,  McFecly & Co��  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL. D___A_C_ERS  IN  mMim narchvcire  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE) PROMPT ATfXIENTriON.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS)  Cordova and Water Streets,   -  .Vancouver, B. C.  [|3_r Headquarters for Domestic, and Imported Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  LLS*  BIG SHOE SALE  Is now on.  ONE WEEK  All goods at Half Price for  R. MILLS,   Id Cordova St  Hurrah for Summer!  Get in line for your Summer Dutls.   ,  [Bathing Suits, Flannel Suits, Alpaca Coats,  Lustre Coats, Light Weight Underclothing,  Negligee Shirts, Linen and Straw Hats, Etc.  A splendid big stock to choose from.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT if* CO.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers,  Hatters and Mcns's Furnishers,  104-6 CORDOVA STREET,  ,'VANCOUVER.  Rodgers Table and Pocket  Cuttery at  521  Hastings'  Street.  Better Than Ever  Gratifying indeed to hear'praises sounded throughout the  Dominion. FIT-REFORM patterns, gathered from tho various  quarters of the globe, are receiving undivided attention from  nobby dressers.  ���T'hat's why makers of Fit-Reform are taxed to their utmost  capacity in this tlie spring of 1901. -  .  - ,' ���  Fit-ReformWardrobe  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B. C��  Hail orders promptly attended to.  Self measurement blanks and samples  sent on application.  CHINA   HALL.  Everbrlte  MKTA__ POLISH has no equal for  cleaning brass, copper, nickel, etc.  Large size bottle, -10 cents.  Cu|>s, Saucers "and Plates  English Semi - Porcelain; floral  wreath decoration; blue in color.  Cups and Saucers "1.25 doz  Tea Plates  1.00 do/  Breakfast Plates  1.10 doz  Teahots  Knglish Jut Rockhighiiniwan!, Imicj  floral decorations.  Medium size, llie each.  Glass Butter  Dishes  Imitation cut glass pattern, clear  crystal, American lead glass, 15c  each.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Hall, 319 Hastings Street.  "Billy" Armstrong, the veteran typo  of ithe northwest, has just returned or  ter touring: Washington state. ���While  nilbroad .lie studied Parisian French  He da also very enthusiastic about the  good roads movement over there, and  is brim full of new Ideas on this great  question.; He says that Jn air probability lie will ma'ke Vancouver his  home for the "next century." Vancouver Is the best city on the coast.  Don't forget the sermon on Labor at  Theatre Royal to-morrow (Sunday),  at 7.30 p. m.   Everybody -welcome.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  GO c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  Applications for Licenses.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT  tho next regular sitting of the Board  of License Commissioners for the City ot  Vancouver, vve shall apply for a renewal  of the Saloon License for tho promises  situated on Granvlllo street, known as the  Criterion Saloon dn.the.said City of Vancouver.  (Signed) KENT & MAGNUS.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT  Uie next regular sitting of the Board of  License Commissioners for tho City of  Vnnoauver, I shall apply for a Hotel  Licence for the premises situated on Lots  9-10, Block 21, Subdivision of District Lot  041, known as the Ferguson Block, In the  said CHty ot Vancouver.  (Signed) ALEX. SMITH.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT  the next regular sitting ot the Board of  License Commissioners for the City of  Vancouver, I shall apply for a renewal of  the Hotel License for the premises situated on Lots 1-2, Block 113, Subdivision of  District Lot 541. known ns tho Colonial  Hotel, ln the said City of Vancouver.  (Signed), T.   G.   B.LIGH.  A recent cough or cold that << BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing.  30OOOOOOOOOO0COOOGOI  REMOVAL SaLE>**^-^  .TO REDUCE  309 Carrall St.  Tel. IOI.  }OOOOOOOOOOOOOCXX>OCMOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCX)C  Massey- Harris and Steams  ALL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT   KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best place In B. C. to hire your  Blcyclo repaired.  fOB_  Good Milk and Cream  ROSE BANK DAIRY  HAS NO EQUAL.   Terms Reasonable-  I. S. MILLER, Prop.     1130 Hornby St,


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items