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The Independent Jun 15, 1901

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Array ���  / /  /  y~ZL*<%  ">  SEW YORK LIFE IXSURARGE CO  Tbo oldest and largest interna-  tlonal company tn the world.  Supervised by ��2 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Fi.ack Block, Vancouver.  I!. C, PERMAEffT IM AM  SilllA'OS (.0.  Authorized Cnpll.il   ���    110,000,000  iiibsinb.'d Ciipliiil   -    -    1,000,000  Awetb over    ....      iioo.iwo  Head Cftlie :B1 Ciiinlile Street, Van  cuuver, U. C.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE 15, 1901.  NO. 12.  POLITICS IN THE  TWEKTinU CENTURY.  (Continued from last week.)  ,   Recreation.  Again our" prophet sees that "there  will be a national minimum of leisure  and  recreation   secured    by law    to  every citizen.   It will be a condition  of every contract of employment, not  to be waived or ignored, that it shall  leave untouched sixteen hours out of  eao_i   twenty-four,   for, needful   sleep,  recrc atlon, exercise of mind or body,  (and the duties of citizenship and family life.   Any attempt by a man or woman to sell these hours for wages will  be regarded and blamed as virtual embezzlement,   seeing   that   these  hours  must be  regarded  as  necessarily ic  served for the purpose of maintaining  unimpaired the efficiency of the race.  Any  employer   seeking    to 'purchase  them will be punished under the fac-  ���tary aots, as if he had Incited to embezzlement or received stolen goods."  That is radical and much to the point.  We   all   need   recreation.   None   more  than those who toll and sweat from  day to day.   At the present time the  worlsing men, to obtain his very essential requisite to a. proper life, or mode  of living, are demanding that the government shall make eight hours a legal day's work, and leave sixteen for  sleep, recreation, exercise of mind and  body.   That is on the wing, and likely  soon  to be released.   But,  again, in-  terei'erence with the rights of the Individual, and lightly so, the'man who  will sell these hours for wages will be  condemned,   and   the    employer    ivho  seeks to purchase' them will be punished.   Drastic  legislation,  some say;  yes,  but how  else  can,  or will,   life  be either maintained at a proper minimum, or elevated to a noble maximum  without such rigorous proceedings being enforced.   AVe must raise a man,  not   a   mlseiable   makeshift,   and   no  legislation  can  or  will  be  considered  drastic that lills our empire with  the  "beat sifts either man or God-can give.  The Wage Minimum.      ,  Then   Mr.   Webb   sees    that "there  will      be      a"    national       minimum  of   wages.   No   person   will   be   under  any obligation to employ another, but  it will clearly be a condition of every  contract of employment that its terms  sliall  not be such  as  will impaii   the  efficiency ot the citizen-producer or diminish the vitality of the race.   To engage labor at wages ���iiisuiticient to repair the waste of tissue caused by the  employment is as demonstrably to Injure the' community as to employ operatives in unsanitary workshops or un-  ventilated mines.   Those  whose labor  Is not worth the minimum���the aged,  the crippied and  the .blind;  the mentally or morally  deficient;  the epileptic aud   tne   cnioiuuaiiy  feckless  and  feeble-minded���will no doubt continue  to   oe   maintained,   nom    motives   oi  compassion. But we aie lapldly learning  that,   ot  all   the   many  ways    ol  maintaining tnose unable to earn their  full subsistence,  the most costly-and  extravagant Is to allow them to compete in   the. labor  market,  and thus  drag  down,   oy  their very    inllrmity,  the standaid of life of those who'are  whole.   There aie still (people who simply Cannot Imagine how a legal minimum wage could possibly be enforced,'  Ju_,t  as,   mem   were, Jllty years  ago,  political economists who demonstrated  _the_ impossibility-of -the_iactory_acts.  As u. matter of l'ui't,   the legul  minimum   wage  can  be  seen  in  lores  today  iu   both   Victoiia  and  New  Zealand."   This  has the light ring about  lt.   What  a struggle  niul .light  there  bos been over this wage question, and  bow many panaceas have .been hatched  ln  the bruins of good-lntciitloned  men   to  get  Hid  of   this  condition  of  life  that  lias   contributed  more   than  any other towards lowering the minimum standard of life?  .The old century ga\o us the politics that a, mun  had a right to sell his time and labor In any way he thought best.   That  brought the curse of competition into  such ipi'omluencc  that over since,  by  trade  unions  nnd other,   means,   our  working men have tried to reprobate  a policy as mischievous as tt is destructive of the bfis't interests of the  human race.   Now, the demand is for  a living wage���a wage that will enable the worker to live and live well,  and by which the standard of life can  be improved with' advantage.   We are  face to face to-day with   undoubted  facts.   That   poor   wages,   Insufficient  wages,   degrade  and  dower life,  and  thus degrade and lower the men whom  we ought to save and elevate.   True it  Is, our friend remarks, there, are men  to-day who simply cannot Imagine  how a legal minimum wage could possibly be enforced, Just as there were,  fifty years ago, political economists  who demonstrated the impossibility of  the factory acts. The acts came, however, In spite of their demonstrations,  and there is no more difficulty in the  one case than in the other. All we  require Is public opinion, and with  ���that the way Is easy. The thin edge  cf the wedge is in already. To-day  the government of Canada recognizes  and enforces a living wage in connec-  tion'with public wages, and it is only  a short step from that to legalize, and  thus enforce a national minimum ot  wages.   Hence he concludes:  Not high raised battlement, or  a   Thick wall or moated gate;  Not cities proud, with spires and turrets  crowned, ..  Nor bays and 'broad armed ports;  Where laughing at the storms rich navies ride;  Nor starred and  spangled courts,  Where low-browed baseness uufls per-  lumos to pndo,  No! men���high-minded men.  "The enforcement  by low of a national  minimum of sanitation,  education, leisure and wages���already foreshadowed in our Imperfect legislation  ���-will   enormously   increase   personal  freedom, stimulate every sort of useful competition and augment the production of wealth.   Where life is abandoned to unfettered competition, what  Is  known  as Gresham's  Law,  applies  ���the bad dilves out the good.   To prevent this evil result is the main object  of  government.   What   we have  to' do  is   to   transfer   the  competitive  pressure fiom the actual   means   of  subsistence (where It works little but  harm    to  tho   race)  to ithe    Intellect  (wliere it sharpens the wits).   At what  level ��� to place the national minimum,  and when and where to raise it next  ���these will be the Issues of,twentieth  century   politics."   I  have  found  this  paper with its prophesies very Interesting reading.   He starts at the right  place���with  man,   the saving and the  elevating  of  man   through. the  state.  Man is everything���the best of everything in the world.   That is the kind  of politics I like,  all else is as chaff.  How true aie these lines written Ions  ago, but now shine clearer than ever  in the light of such hopes:  lion of thought! be up'.and stirring  Night and day;  Sow and seed���withdraw the cm tain  Clear the way; ��.  -Men of action, aid and cheer them  As ye may!  There's a fount about  to stream,  , These's a light about to beam,  There's a warmth about to glow,  There's a blower about to blow.  There's a midnight blackness changing  .   Into gray;  Men ot thought and men of action.  Clear the way.  Oneo the welcome light has bioken  Who shall say  What the un.magined glories    ���  Of the day?    '  What the evil that shall ipcrish  In its ray?  Aid the dawning, tongue and pen;  Aid lt, hopes of honest men;  Aid it, paper���aid it, type  Aid it, for the hour is ripe  And our earnest must not slacken  Into play.  Men of thought and men of action  Clear the way.  Lo! a cloud's about to vanish  From the day  And a brazen wrong to crumble  \ Into clay.  Lo! the right's about to conquer,  Clear the way!  With the right shall many more,  Enrer~iSillinira"fllie���door,"  C. WILSOiVS, K. CL,  ADDRESS TO THE  ROYAL MAHIML  Following is a verbatim report of the  address of Chaa-les Wilson, K. C, before the Royal Commission on Oriental labor last week. It Is the ablest  judicial statement ever made on this  question for tlie piovinee. We commend it to the careful perusal of our  readers:  "       possibly can to impress the minds of  Mr.^Chalrman  and  Gentlemen of the   the*   commissioners     with     the     view  which, in consequence of the evidence,  Province of British  Columbia,  I, may rules, and a tendency has also shown  mention that there are                  ' itself on  the  part of such states  to  TWO WAYS OP DEALING expect  that  European  countries  shall  with that question.   One would be to behave in conformity with the ttand-  walt until the shorthand writer's notes  had been transcribed, and then to  moke a careful and exhaustive analysis of the evidence, which would carry  conviction to the mind of any one  who chose to verify the references,and  take the trouble to study -the subject. The other, and that Is the meth  od which I propose to adopt, it being  the only one that I can adopt within  the time, will be to state the effect  that the evidence has had upon my  mind,  and   to  endeavor ��s well  as  I  With the giant wrong shall fall,  "Many others great and small,  That for ages long have held us  For their prey.  Men ot thought and men of action.  Clear the way.  If It be true, as .'true it Is, .that men  constitute a state, make It everyhlng.  and, at least, constitute 'the man tiling  in It, then the politics of a state should  be nil directed towards filling the state  with men, high-minded men. But how  can n state have these men unless we  have a national minimum In sanitation, education, recreation and wages?  The thing !s Impossible. Let our energies then be directed towards realizing In the new century these glorlom  expectations. They may seem afar off,  In reality they are nigh at hand. At  least If we do our duty they can be  brought much nearer. Charles Mac-  'kay has a message which, If we carry  out,  will do good.  PHIZ.  Commission:  At the  close  of  the  labors  of  the  commission  in   tills  Province,   may   I  be permitted to express my keen appreciation of the unvarying courtesy,  urbanity and patience (sometimes under   trying  circumstances)    of    every  member of the commission.   Prom the  distinguished   lawyer   ,who    presides,  one not unnaturally expected the exercise of high judicial qualities,  and  certainly  there  has  been    no   .disappointment.   But it was n pleasure to  find that those members of the commission, whose lives had been passed  in other pursuits, were also capable of  exercising  judicial   duties   in   such   a  highly acceptable manner.   So exhaustive, In fact, lias the examination of  the commission been, so sincere a desire to ascertain the whole truth been  manifested, that the duties of counsel  have been greatly lessened.   For myself, I have carefully followed the direction given at the outset of our labors not to put a question to a witness unless it would elicit a new fact.  THE QUESTION  of Chinese and Japanese immigration  naturally divides itself into five  classes: (1) The economic or Industrial; (2) the social; (3) the moral; (4)  the religious; (5) the national or political. I only propose to deal with the  flr.��t and the la-��t.' and, ir. rloar t'.-p,  ground may say that I have no idea  of advocating exipulsion, but do propose to advocate a policy of restriction  which will amount to absolute exclusion, and to show by the evidence  that further admission is not expedient in the interest of any Industry,  and 13 absolutely dangerous from the  national or political standpoint. I exclude the social, moral and religious  aspects, not because they are.unimportant, but, Important as they are,  and, necessary for the well being of  the state, they are dwarfed by the  grave and serious character of the'  other two aspects of the question, and  are not properly subject to legislative  control.  It will be obvious from what  has been said that it will not be  necessary to discuss the fact of their  personal cleanliness, coupled with an  utter disregard of the lawis of sanitation, at any length. Neither will it  be necessary to argue that as servants they are not faithful, sober,  fairly honest and industrious. I propose to found my position upon th2  proposition that no industry has been  called Into existence by their presence,  but that 'being here they have been  made use of. That they will gradually  encroach uoon and exclude the white  worker from fields of labor now exclusively occupied, and lightly occu-  piedby him, and that living.as they do  Pay up your subssriptlon to the Independent, lit dfces not cost you much  and you should, not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  under conditions and in a manner Intolerable to our own people,  the na-  tuie of the competition is an exceedingly unfair one.   That the strength of  a people depend on the good condition  and   the   Intelligence    of   the  masses.  The foundation of all social order Is  based upon a vigorous nnd intelligent  people, and the State cannot long endure whose foundation rests not upon  those of Its own race and kind, but  upon a race not only alien iin so far  as their birth Is concerned, but of a  different type of humanity and civilisation, who care nothing for our institutions, nothing for our laws, except  in so far as they affect their own temporary welfare; a people alien in manner and customs who are not homogeneous,  who do not assimilate    with  us, who would not If they could, and  who could not If they would, who are  absolutely indifferent  to  the well-being of the state, who expect to return  to their own land either dead or alive,  and  whatever  virtues   they    possess  haive also characteristics which render  it very undesirable that they should  ever foecome members of our body politic.  In   the  time   allotted    to    me    to  sum up the evidence on behalf of the  I entertain, and which I .may say, to  put it briefly, Is: That the immensely  preponderating mass of the evidence  is in favor of such a measure of restriction as to amount to absolute exclusion. I may state at the outset  that I have not the slightest desire  to address the commission in such a  way as to give rise to the inference  that the evidence, while pointing to  total exclusion, is calculated in any  way,to disturb our political or commel--  ciaal reltions with either Japan or China. We simply object to a common Interchange of laborers, using that word  :n its wider sense.  Before    entering    upon    the    general     question,     I     desire      to   say  a   few   words   with   respect   to   the  position    assumed    by    my    learned  friend,  Mr.   Cassldy,  wlio represented  the Japanese.   If  I  have grasped  his  Idea rightly,  then he primarily put" it  on the  ground   that  it3 would   be   a  highly Improper thing,  having regard  to the position assumed in the family  of nations by tlie empire of Japan to  pass any  measures  calculated  In   the  slightest degree  to interfere  with  the  commercial relations existing between  that empire and ourselves, or placing  any barrier on freedom of Intercourse  between  the  subjects of that empire  and   the  subjects    of King    Edward.  Chliu certainly is, noi one __f the nations  entitled   to  invoke  international  law in favor of the unrestricted right  of all  classes of its ipeople  to enter  tlie territory of another nation.   The  events of the past year show clearly  that   that   empire   is   not   even   able  to enforce within Its own borders the  simplest rules of international obligation.   I  am   unable   to   advance  any  opinion  whether  or  no Japan is  one  of the modern civilized states that regard   the   certain   rules    of   conduct,  called international law, as being binding  on   it.   I  refer    to   the  following  passage from Mr. Hall's book on the  subject  as  casting some doubt  upon  It.   At page 42 he says:   "It is scarcely necessary  to point out' that as'international   law  is  a  product   of   the  special civilisation of modern Europe,  and forms a  highly artificial system,  of which the principles cannot be supposed  to be understood or recognised  by countries differently civilized, such  states only can be presumed to be subject to it as are inheritors of that civilization.'  They have lived and are living under law and  a positive act of  withdrawal would be required to free  them from  Its restraints.   But states  outside    European    civilization   must  formally enter Into the circle of law  governed    countries.   They    must   do  something  with   the   acquiescence   of  the latter, or of some of them, which  amounts_to_an_accQiptance__of_the_law;  ln Its  entirety  beyond  all  possibility  of misconstruction.   It is not enough,  consequently, that they shall enter into  arrangements by treaty Identical with  arrangements   made   by law-governed  powers,   nor  that   they shall   do  acts,  like sending and receiving permanent  embassies, which are compatible with  Ignorance or rejection of law.   On tho  other hand, an express act of accession  can hardly be looked upon ai requisite.   ���   *   When  a new state comes Into  existence  Its  position  Is  regulated   by  like   considerations.   If  by   Its. origin  It inherits European  civilization,   the  presumption Is to high that It Intends  to  conform  to law  tlint  the first  act  purporting to be a state aot which Is  done by  It,  unaccompanied  by warning of Intention not lu conform, must  be taken as Indicating an Intention to  conform,   and   brings  it  consequently  within the s.phere of law.   If, on  the  other hand. It falls by Its origin Into  the class of states outside European  civilization,   it  can,  of    course,  only  leave  them   by  a   formal   act  of   the  kind   already  mentioned.   A  tendency  has shown itself of late to conduct relations with states, which are outside  the sphere of international law, to a  certain extent in accordance with its  ard  wlilch   they have  themselves sot  up."  Mr. Cassidy also put It upon  ANOTHER .GROUND.  That     Is,     ,,'iai     our      refusal     of  intercourse    with      them,     and    our  suggestions that they do not assimilate with us,  and  that  we would  not  assimilate  with  them,  was, not calculated   to    promote  that   good? feeling  which  should   exist   between?the,two  nations.   Now,   I  disavow  any  intention of casting any reflection, whatsoever upon a people who have shown  the readiness that the Japanese.1 have  shown   to   adopt  western/civilization);  and who  are  certainly  celebrated/ for  the politeness and com tesy. with-.which  their  inteicourse   with   Europeans? is  carried on.    There are notable instances  of intermarriage  between the  two; nations,  _.o   that  I  do  not;.put.-It..'upon  that      ground.        My      objection?,? is  that'    (while      there      ?are ���<.';..- exceptions    to     tlie   rale)     the .;   average  Japanese remains what he always; was,  a Japanese,   and  notwithstanding.;'the  fact that he may take out a. certiorate  of  naturalization  in this, country,, he  never becomes in truth and, in fact, .a  Canadian, but always remains.', a Japanese.   I think further that susceptible'  as these people are, means?may,readily 'be found by those in author! ly. for  so ai ranging matters as that the immigration   of   Japanese   laborers,'Into  Lliis country may   be restricted.without  wounding their "armour prppre," ?ai_d  without creating any friction; between  the two countries.^ It seemsto.be that  It would be a gracious act?bn trie .part  of the ruler of that country,?:if,??when  he found that the laborers of his; own  country were unacceptable visitors to  us, he forbade them from coming here.  In other words, diplomatic;intercourse  may lesult.  and  should resulti?.in; re-;  stiiction so far as  the Japanese.are  concerned, as a result of action on; the  tlon make Itself so greatly felt, nml  the time at my disposal does not permit me to deal with the several subjects exhaustively. I will, therefore,  confine myself to this, that *o far as  those industries aie concerned, ithe  whites have been really driven out and  their place taken by the Chinese and  Japanese, particularly Is thait so with  tailoring and market ��� gardening. By  the employment of Improved methods  and achinery, it would nppear as if the  laundryman was once more beginning  to 'hold' his ow'ti ;with ills; Oriental  competitor. .������;:���??��� !.���'-'���..'': ������?,"'������'.���; ?,;?:??';? -lyi'iyii'  .''��� Turning1 now' to.the-i '/ ,;.-';.?���'';���;  :'''! ;):??;?,LU1IBER; INDUSTRY?:*?,:,  ? ..The; evidenee'of the witnesses' would'���":[  seem to show;that this,Industry is'not''..  in; a--/good "condition,': and; the '.- reason '������; <  seems to be because the .���price? of. the; /  British .Columbia.? product is regulatei? ;-  by the foreign market, and the absence?,  of? protection;? to 'our    own ?;;market;?!??:  .Agaln-:it_ie..local market 'seems?; to??;be.;?  largely, depending? on the canning .and ;;'</.  mining industries. Depression in.either?': y  of '.these: Industries producing? like; de-?;/?!?  pression   in? the ?lumber   trade, j, -Mr.  ?,'���  Alexander'! points'0but.  most  .forcibly;??,?  that eighty?per: cent, of the; laboij?em-?;.i.  ���.'ployed-?-.'by.';'themVis?,whitei'-''more?'.'timh^;'./;';  eighty: per? cent:  of  the .wages .being-..;;.??  paid .to .white men,', ithe remainder, be-???  ing'r?paid /to >the ; Orientals.; *His':; evii-'?: ?..  dence?may .be"'.briefly..1 summed, up ;tb; ??;  this extent,';that.'owing:?to.existing con-??.:,  ditlbris?of?the?;trade?.the:cost'of ;pro-??'?;?  duction';cannpt;:be;*increased;; in'*o the'r?!;. **��  words,';/to;;sell, profitably .under ?.exi$t-:;??;:?  Ing! conditions,,? the?.'limlt-.:f6r-fthe'.?pay^;jvij  merit?? of/wag;es;ha3"been?reached,; and'^J:  "that; to.?place ;aib:.?iniP^!meIit/':hi,; the  ���way; ;?of,'? "the,;/tradb^  starids;would :be^tq>xclude?feetity per,;:?vi���  cent * "of: .Oriental / labor 'and' dgSty;:ppri:'i~-i. f  'cent?'of:?wMte^?lab'or.?,In:^l^  the existeriee'of^this^an^  labor deperidSjUpori ? the;'prbporflbi*i/?bf.???~j\  Oriental';lahor^ribw? engaged??lri;?it_ie?;;;;:?.;;:  trade. rThi. limit? of'' ���prMl^le?i*.rodu;C^;?/?���?;:  tiori: .having;. ?been y reached;;'? the^?:oan^?.^|  no;t ?afford;Uo ^employ :?wWte;Mabor:^r.?^;g,  part of their own ruler.   itbibwe'vw.f&iQeM^        *   * "'  "        "' "---���' ''-���''������"��� ~'A-''''''J'''*''*'v'"ftl^  "ill  m  to act ourselves, and I do;'not;hesitate  to sav that it  is no  new doctrine to  state that a country not only, can.'but  should,  when the sclf-preservation*?bf  any particular class of its own? people  becomes necessary, prohibit: the .entry  into the country of unassimilable.and  undesirable   immigrants.    ? There   are'  many   Instances   in   past   history;.:,not  only of the exclusion of the pebplefof  one nation from another, ibiit? also of  the expulsion of gieat numbers of people;  e.g.,  the  expulsion of?the?Jews  from  Spain  and  the  Huguenots from  France  and  the  Jews  from-'RusslaV-.';!'  Before    dealing    with    the'?: industries,    I    desire,     ho\vever,?..tb??;say  a    few     words      with      respect: ."to  sanitation   and   health,   a nd:; tor clear  the ground somewhat as to some other,  of the subjects that have, been? dealt  with.      The  evidence    indicates .thai  both of these Oriental nations.possess  a very large degree of personal; clean--;  liness,   coupled   with   the   nipst.utter  disregard of those sanitary 'regulations  which   are   considered   by -.-European's  necessary for the welfare of the com-:  munity.   It  seems  somewhat'-singular  that this   personal  cleanliness /should  be coupled with filthiness in other'dl-  rections in the way that it is, but.it is  certainly  true  that such is  trie  case.  The  evidence  of  Captain   Cli\*e  Phillips-Woolley shows some  of ^the? mis-  "chTeif "a7istng~from" th^llisrefeard-6f  these regulations, and Dr. Wade'adds  medical testimony of the evlis; result-.  Ing fiom that disregard, notably in reflation   to   typhoid   and   smallpox.   Dr.  Fraser and other sanitary officers tell  us that conditions within the last few  months have Improved.   I think It can  be said  without  doubt    or hesitation  that the very existence of the commission  has  largely  Improved  them,  and  that the coming of the commission Into  the   different   Chinese    quarters    has  tended to a general clean up, culmln  atlng In the disastrous burning of the  Chinese   quarters   at   Union.  THR INDUSTRIES CHIEFLY  AFFECTED  by Oriental imfigratlon are: (1) Lumber; (2) fishing and. canning; (3) mining; (4) domestic service; (.">) tailoring;  (fi) cigar-making; (7) laundry; (S) market' gardening; and (0) boat-building.  1 only propose to deal at some little  length with the ilrst four of these subjects. The other five, while of equally  grave Importance with the first four,  do not employ ln their business-so  largo a number of persons, and while  the injury done to tliem is in some'_-re-  spects greater than in the larger industries, it does not as a state ques-  .. i-v.-.i.  j   '���'n.niou.iiti'Jh'cmdyi'  ;0ri ental };$$ cheap |labbiv': Now^vthis  'appears?tb Involve several?'yery?^rious;.'gSS:  propositions.?F'rs:):/": *!* ''"S!��u^ :i:,'M':p'5a''??'?''��'  ^hatKthe? Britishz/CoVumibia. JmaniifacJ*?;^,;  turer3or:lumberman hasinpt;control?ofj,;?;;.?;  the ? market,: ,and^ the ?r^sb;n';assigriedl?'??|}?  is ^because. he is^-brpiight into?-compe-HyHfl  titibri??'witlv lum!ber;':miils,r chiefly Vthe;;;;|S'  Port"��� Blakeiy :mill?;on /itihe?ptrie^t-; slAee-Q^i  ,\vhlch;  it  appears.r.femplbys ?jSpme;..3Ci)[:;,�����__  Japs.;i,:Secona,taiat;,'the ;United ;stiite4y.:'&  milliowners hive 'an?eriormbus'market;^/v>;  in"'th^r" own country, frorri; which;; by^-p/;?  reason,of the protectionwhich?th;ekov-|g?;?  ernrrient extends?to? tliem; we:are;:abso-:;??;:^'  liiteiy/exdudedolt :wwid:,a^e^i^*^V^l  as:Uf?'bne 'of the;'chief^export/mllispn.;;?:?;;?^  trie other, side employed Japanese ? labor,?; /j;?:'  arid;it>would:a'lso appear^  tMng which-the:British? Columbia Jumr-:!,;?/;?  bermari   aeinands.j-rianiely, ?cheap;ia-?,'.'?:;*/.  ^bor,'!rias?;'ci-eated}?a;!;necess^  owri*existence,?forif;the United States:'";;;???*'  pursued/trie* same'/pplicy.>3f;excliislon?�����-.'��� -|  towards'; the *: Jaips ?as ? they:/have;;-to--?;?;' "5  wardsj;*trie?Chinese':?'the?.; competition -;'���'. .*_  whicli"?the  British /Columbia? lumber-'    ^  man"; would   then; m'eet,?;;.would .' be "i"-^'^  competition  of���;white;;la.bor;::alone,   in'vj;??  .which ?the; same field .for/obtaining W?-^;i-;  would be open to him as to the Ameri.-?g-;;;  can.?   The'only/disadvantage  that he^'f,;'??  would! then labor under would. ;be''the,;:>?;::;;.  lack of protection in his -own "country.v?..r;._:;  an"-'evii which it would seem a'dmitsof/'/?  ;nfS'^y*=easy^reniedy^Thfft^i1s'f-iasFra;*?^  the lo/ck ot protection here,/pwing.to'"?'?;  the repealing ofthe i^Wilson bill in the?; ';���';,;  United  States, has 'been a '-.very; ser-:  ious  evil,  there, ciin  be  no  doubt.?It ;':??';:  gives the American manufacturer the ,;?���:'/  advantage of his enormous home, mar- .',    ?  ket,  un  equal   competition? with   our-.   ?-,?,:  selves In the general  markets of the?      ??  \voiid, and, lastly the, liberty of using ?*'  Canada as a slaughter    or dumping?       ,  ground    for   their    surplus    product.  There can be no doubt either but what  the /very:. existence -��� of  this  particular ...  class of labor,  that is, the  cheapest  labor that can be obtained on earth. ;  Is an Inducement to the capitalist to  Invest monies In enterprises which are  not necessarily productive when managed under fair conditions witli respect ;  to, the operative.   In other words,  it^.?;':'-;-,.';;  means ;this, ��� the^nipre saw mills'��� the,;?/? W';  more competition,' the more competi-;-"A'?i;  tlon /the.";'more; is .tiierpr^^reduced;*????;??/  hence the, necesslty;;of;reducing/TOge3]r'-/;:;'^  so! that the article :_ria:r'be" produbed'*^/?'?''.  and sold at a profit...We?!.'oannot?hppe��j-  but?we.;;may as well face?it'',:sb?f&r,'��� as!x  this �� particular''industry;;. Is? concerned;-; ?  we cahnbt.'hbpe to meet tlieir?competi-.'���.;!  tion.''except? b*y:.trie   irfixbductibnl;.bf;i/  :!��9'  mi  .1  ���iml  i'$j.l  1  '.'���������1. I  Si  t''l  1,  /'/[Continued; onTngeTwo.]";  Hjfl  it  ?!/;::yS��Sj|  t ' -V'l '  .���*..'.'  :?ffi/#:?:��llh TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY JUNE 15, 1301  THE INDEPENDENT.  3EO. BARTLEY  Editor  HARRY COWAN  business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF   ORGANISED   LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM-  "*'"' PANY.  AT   312  HOMER   STREET,    VANCOUVER,   B.   C.  .SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, G3 cents;  .one year, $1.25.   ;  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. THE VANCOLT-  A13R LAl'O'R PARTY AND TIIK  BUILDING  TRADES COUNCIL.   r';(^^'^_  %l*pn>  SATURDAY....  ...TUNE 15, 1901  TO m MM 'C0M!��\  [Continued from T.-ige One.]  Europeans.   I may add, of Europeans  from the north of Europe���we do not  . want them from the south of Europe���  ind of people from the eastern provinces, who, being frugal, hardy,  thrifty, industrious people,_and whose  condition would be' improved, -working, not for Chinese wages, but for a  fair wage which would enable them  to, at any rate better their condition  after coming here. I say we cannot  hope* to compete ./with them until we  have produced this, state of affairs,  and we cannot .produce this state of  affairs until we have adopted a policy  of restriction. ''Mr. Jai-dine shows that  the shingle industry 'has been carried  on without Oriental labor,' but it is  idle to expect that white laborers will  come into this country, when there is  an, abundance   of   Orinetal   labor.   In  : the first place there' is no room for  them. Second, they: would' have to  compete as to wages with a* class who  live,,under conditions that they will  notsubmit to; and, third, when once  .they get the'idea into their heads that  ? certain labor is only performed-by ...a  race,' whateyer./.theii- skill! Ave are accustomed  to  regard  as inferior,  it is  /certain that ? the better, class of Euro:  /pear. laborer   will/not  come  to   this  ;--country. So long as we have cheap  .labor In  the .province,   all   industries  . wiil work br. level, down to, it? If the  /employer can by the use of cheap la-  .-���!bor employ his capital -hewill surely  ilo so.?! The existence of ...this class .of  labor creates a demand again; for more  until the limit of; profitable production  is  -reached,   or   the   manufacturer   or  ���'-.iproduc'er' can sell no more at a profit.  Turning nuiv to the - ���;���  ",'-.'     ,        -FISHING INDUSTRY;  '���/,  il. submit without any -hesitation that  the   evidence 'shows   that    there   are.  ������ quite- enough Orientals'..).! the country  for the successful carrying .on of that  industry.; The foilowing figures show  the-number of cases from the year  1SJ14 to 1000 inclusive, the number of  fishermen .from  ISM ' to  _90O,  arid  the  total number employed in the industry:  O  a    piofttuble   one,    then    where does  the money go. From _lve hundred thousand to a million cases of  llsh are produced tn the year. Some  few white are employed In the province, supplies are foreign. How then  Is the state benefitted. Upon the supplies a certain amount of duty Is collected by the federal government, certain amount of taxes In the way of  licences are collected from the Iishermeii, but beyond the expenditure' of  the,, money that the white fishermen  receive, or tlie .whites ln the employ  of canners receive, the province of  British Columbia receives , no beneJit  whatsoever, in other words, one of  our greatest provincial Industries, one  for which we stand pre-eminent' the  world over, our salmon Usherles, are  gradually being.depleted, and the benefit of the state, that is tbe" province,  Itself derives, is Infinitesimal in character. If, on the other hand, the canneries are-profitable, where does the  profit go? No more is received by the  white laborer than would be received  it the canneries were unprofitable. He  gets no more than the canner will reluctantly give him, and it is only to  the extent of the money which he gets  and the money which he spends that  the province in Itself is in the slightest  degree benefitted. Canning In1 th'e  eastern provinces Is carried on by  whites, and5 the season in some instances being very little longer than it  is with tis���lobsters and oysters, for  example. Canneries as large as ours  are run by boys and girls, equally so  with the canning of fruit and vegetables. The Chinese have grown up  with the development of the canning  industry. No effort has ever.been  made to replace them with our own  people, and it is not because they have  any exclusive or oeculiar; skill in the  handllng.or management of ifchework,  but simply because it Is easier to; go  to one boss and obtain a number of  laborers" than it Is to search :for them  individually. The process amounts to  this:. First, the '-white man is crowded  out, and then it is said that the Oriental is.. a necessity, and that the industry -cannot be eonduoted without  him. This '.process Js now not only  going on in the fisheries, but the lumber trade, and will ultimately permeate other classes of industry. ,  ?, '.'! !?LAND.   ���-.'-.*.  Year.  (>.-��'.:  J'l-hir-  '���Tiiti'l-   -  Vstlu ��� i>  i;v-u.  i.ir:|.l.iyud.  I'iuni.  1 i*!>l  -|<| :.*;;'.  ISM  ,v;>''.'.-'!') -  _MM  (Vll.ST'  ::,:���:��  l-l.i"  '?2.U'7.a.io  ISi'l  l.'.u.-i.irr  -l.-Vr-l  l'.l,��:VJ'.  2.Xii'J.2IW  IK'S  .vi.n'ii  :i i-*ft  ���JO.W'.  ���_.-i. O.'i-lft  ISM  T3.'.-nr  ���li'.V'T  ���.'J.i-:ff  ���J 1A0M3  1!W  ,Vv-..-n:  ���; _02  20fit(l  ": '21039,004  I.c-Hcvlng In the theory, that once in  four years there is What is :called a  good year, It Is very much to be regretted that Mr. Bell-Irving, who fur-  "nfslietl^fp'rr^wy'^aluable^st'alistlcsr  did nut give the amount ofthe catch  In the yeur lwSDS. However, there is  siifi'iiiont material here to draw one  foni.linilou which seems to me to. be  IrreslMlble. Tlio number of Chinese  from ISM ti> the present, time have  llUJ.enai'd. The value of the plant  from liliil In UlOO has Increased nearly  seven hundred and fifty liousaiid  dollnin. and the number ol'. Chinese  haive liieronsed proportlonntcly ivf.tb.  theincienso.ln the number ofoanner-  !('��";. yet In IBM. ISI'0, IS!'" nnd ISM more  llnli were put iip with fewer ennner-  li>d, less r.'ipltul. and fewer Chinese  thmi In i'M'il. .There I.s an iiddlton.il  fact, uml thnt Is, Hint Improved -methods anil miuthliicry enable one man  now to iln much more tluni at any  oilier time.   There being then Chinese,  .whiten and   Indians milflclent now  to  Mr.?:Cruie__shank tells us that, the  ordinary laborer in Manitoba becomes  the settler. -Chinese/are not!-necessary  f,  '->-. ,'���'    .    .  to clear the land.   Men are offering to  come and clear for him as cash, payment   on   lands   they   are.   willing   to  buy.   The   occupation   of   these .lands  would. Rive a constant: source-of. supply  for  all   the, labor that  canneries!  and  mills  would  require,  and   of  the  very best sort.   The .price; of adjoining  land is depreciated,if occupied by Chinese.   At  courts of/revision  men  ask  ti-���'reduction? on  the   ground* that. the  Chinese, are located, on /adjoining land.  Favor sr.y measure in the direction: of  exclusion.   The  canable : milliiien  here  are .whites., who   have .  learned   their,  'business;in/eastern, mills, and wb have  no use for Orientals'in "Wisconsin and  Minnesota.   I ��� refer ' to? .'.Reeve? Scho.u's  evidence, which shows/that many regular -fishermen; become settlers on the  small holdings in Burnaby.   He has a  contract to' settle land, and is. getting  it  settled  by  small  holders  of  forty  acres   each? on : Matsqui   Prairie,   and  that? is" a good farming; lc-hd., No Chinese labor has been used on the dyke.  It- has -been? shown   that  large  areas  ;of  our  lands, are "vacant  aiid   unproductive.   "We  lack  the  class   that  the  Orientals  keep  out.   The? loss  by  the  importation ipf. agricultural" products  is something enormous���in  fact,  it is  one      of -.,��� the    iniinvels, ?  a.nd    has  been      for   !many,   .years,:   one    of  the     marvels,      of  -our      industrial  Jlv.es. j_aria__J'f___Brltlsh-_C.olumb.la__.w.ei_e_  not one of the wealthiest.countries on  the face, of the earth ���'���'. it would .be  bankrupt over and over again, by the  lack* of retaining the?value of that  which we produce. If bur fisheries are  profitable, the profits go abroad. If  they are. not profitable, only to the  extent of the labor does it. remain  here. The same \vith-the.lumber.' .The  same with, the, mines... The same with  any other of bur;natural products, and  yet* all the. time, although our pop-  uiation is increasing,' and although'!we  have Immense natural resources in tlie  way of cultivable areas of land,,we are  year by year sending thousands and  hundreds of thousands, of dollars out  of the country, for the purchase of  those products which we could readily  retain, ourselves, if I've had only invited   that  class   of  Immigrant    to   our  ,     ,   ,    .       ,. ,, shores who would have settled on the  curry on the Industry, it would seem  , ,    , ,    ,,     r, ,    .  ,,1-land  and  whose sons and  daughters  ���thnt  lilt*    exi'liiftlon    of    the  Orientaly       ._  .-. .    . .., _ -.. .  acuta   phase   of  the  question  in   any  of the mining districts that have been  visited.   But   we  may  well   nsk  ourselves why this Is.   The reason is not  far to seek.   In the llrst place, owing  to his own 'peculiar superstitions, the  Chinese Is not a miner.   That Is, when  he  first  cornea  to  British  Columbia,  mining is a thing absolutely unknown  to him.   He never saw or heard of a  mill" in his lite.   No Chinaman in his  own country disturbs the soil" for the  purpose of profit, save for agricultural  purposes, and it Is for this reason that  his attention has rather been directed  to some of the other subjects nnd Industries   already   touched   upon,   notably the lighter ones which are within his strength and capacity, and require  rather steady  perseverance  rather   than   particular  skill,   but   there  Is nothing  to prevent Just  the same  acute   condition*!  prevailing.   In  rock  milling as prevails in the other industries, if once the Oriental becomes familiar   with the    work.   Three    cases  operate to prevent this: First, the fact,  that  the Chinaman is not a miner ns  already mentioned; second,  the determined effort of the white miner himself to ftec;> him out, and, thirdly, the  fact  that  the  employer,  knowing   of  the  Chinaman's  Inability to  mine,   is  reluctant to employ him until ho has  acquired the necessary knowledge and  experience,   and ��that  he   never  can;  acquire   so  long  as   the   white  miner  refrains from teaching him.   But that  he may become a possible competitor  is  thoroughly exemplified by the fact  shown that he has  been extensively  used in coal mining and also In gravel  mining.   Curiously  enough,   lt  is  said  that in this latter branch of business  he  has (produced  wealth���and  I  refer  ���particularly to the evidence of Major  Duprnt���that he has produced wealth  that  would   otherwise  nave  remained  untouched.   I say, without hesitation,  far better for that wealth to have remained untouched until In the course  of time it had 'been, or could hitoe been,  made available for the white miner,  ���as undoubtedly It would ibe when the  cost : of  transport  and  the  decreased  -prices of provision Would enable him  to work diggings of that class.   Examine the -question for a moment.   It Is  said that he has added something to  the wealth of the country.   "What Is it  he has done?  He never paid a licence  if he -could; help It.   He never made a  record if;he could avoldlt!   He never  paid a '.tax;'!', if he! could escape It, of  any  'kind. :! He  has  made some  small  purchases   of   manufactured     articles  that his own people don't;produce.   To  that extent/and to that extent alone,  has he benefitted  the state.   For the  rest.-his food is Chinese; it is hauled  to. the   mines .by   Chinese   teamsters;  there .consumed by a. Chinese miner,  Who takes. 'something.'!out of the earth  which he ineyer can replace, .and the  larger part of which he,  without doubt,  immediately remits to liis own  country; nnd then, it is said, that this man  has added something to the wealth of  tiie  province . of- British   Columbia.  T  siibir.lt. on the; contrary, that he has  extracted many, millions fiom the-pro-  vinco?that  can   never  be ; replaced  or  restored,"nnd   that  fne'^State  has  re-'  ceiv'odUittle or nothing In return.  [TU 111!' Cull limed.].        '  The Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here In great array. And It is a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best and most stylish products of the  looms of England, Scotland, France  and Switzerland. To these are added  the wash goods ibeauty of our own  land and the United States.  Our long experienced taste has been  exercised in selecting the great stock  that is here for your inspection. The  demands of fashion ihavc been carefully met, andour showing is well worthy  of your attention.  Quality, of course, is the most important point, and it has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  have also been carefully attended to,  ���Mid, as regards trie matter of price,  you'll find they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, witli an eye to  your satisfaction. ,'"..;.  Visit our wash goods department  nnd get acquainted with" the good  things" we are off ering.    /-' ''.���-.  il MIIF  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  The cjuaHlii is  ,./.-;i��t.>csT.j;".*,:,;  TIiourIi we hnve reduced > our prices  for 1CK CItEAM IS HUl.K (by Iheijunrt  or ��nlln'ii vci reiiieiiilM-r wo lnivo not -  n'diKx'd the iiunliiv���not one lllilo whit.   .  In fuel  If ��e enn learn  nity  miylo.:  niiilie better lee Cream,tlmn we iiry now  lining we will miikubelter Ii'.e Creiini.  Kven science liiisn't found nny better.;  way ns yet. ....      ,  1'erqtiart, In paper  box...  lVri|iinrl, piieliiid i   ' ' "  _       .*...$ 40  I mnl delivered ......    50  l'i:r (.'.Ulon, parked and delivered:.:... 1.60  Per n-callou lots packed nnd delivered,  Ballon................;. ;���;;���............<i.so  Baker and  Confectioner,  ���li:i IttiRtingH Street.      . Telephone 307.  iiHANC'IIKS:' liencli House, So,4 Arcade.;,    i,  ���M^M^mr  cfeas*6 babied/*n/$i6 OHtfTifati^  07L&qs.  SU071S *��**+X&4l4,  Tlie Oil Fields of Washlnf ton nre offering opportunities for investment thnt  enitiiut be surpassed.    ; - ���.;,. .'.- ---.-: .-'.-: - '...,.  ��� Tlio WEST COAST Oil/AND JIIXIM1 COMPANY, of Scnltle, is, tlio  -.:--, owner ot 1,500 acres of. npprovedOIL LANDS In Jefferson coiinty, Wash.  (lupitnl ��� stock, 1,000,000' slinres,: par value ?1,  fiilly paid mid non  ,',���:;'' iiesessuble...- ������-..?���; -���,,,?, ,,:'.".?,??'.''-?;:.',���-'. -;���' -.-'',-' ,. .  ,���': "'  .-Machinery hns been ordered nnd active work wiil soon be started..'���;.  '��������� -'.-������'...������.!.-'.--'?Few''Kharcs left nt 12J<Ccents; when sold price will^ndvanee to25e.  Fieid JbS.nsori Agent, ���  -v?:';!;-4l7^Ciordova!St-?!  Managers for B. C.  4��,C��KB50VA:STR__:EI.  i: We make.a' specialty of Union-made,Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequentl}'r .we always give goodsatis-  factioiivi.. Your patronage "solicited.   ??:;!?? ;,^  ROYAL.HOTEL  Near to All Steamboat Wharves and  ...���. Hallway Depots.        ���''-?       '���'-.'���  1.10 WATER ST.    -      .     VANCOUVER, K. C.  Kverytlilug new and up-to-iliue. Electric  Uglu iliioiighout. .Kates, ft to?..t'2 ii dny.  special rates for llie week or niontli.   -.  HOPRIRK, SPENCE Jt.CO. ,.-;  Job  Priwting  iSSD'bRe:.^f;''<  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspendes,  also? a first class TaildnngDepartmehti^  Labor :is''employed;?.,',-'-rfiyii^yiyi'^  ������-.. We guaranteea perfect fit or no ''sale.'?:;3 ryyii ii-:.^ii-':(%)iyiy\.  y^w^itiW^i^^^M.  TELEPHONE 702,"  160 .COBDOVA STREET.*.:!?  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS*;  All membtu of ihe R. C, 1. P. A. can iboW tills cord.  Aik folit when m��kl_i your purcb-ises.  Hotels^-  :. following, is f, list of  the  Union ci-  sar factories in British Columbia Who  use iihe blue label:  .   W.  Tietjeii,  No.   1���Division No.  3S,  Vansouver.  Kuntz i Co. Mo. 2���Division ?>?o. lis,  Vancouver.  Intend  Olsar... Manufnetmins   Coin-  As usual a bigll celebration '-.-will he  h-'.-Ul iin this city on July 1st and 2iiil.  Ti-.are will be all Uliuls or.amusement..:'  The ''scheduled championslilii lacrosse  match v will. be. one of the features,  li'.ieivlse tlie? baseball matches. Hoi-se  i-icliig.will be a?(irawin_r card, come  $,".,.*i00, will lie spent In purses. The bl-  cyrle races promise to excel all former  meets. ���''���"'  ONC.THIRO ACTUAL SIZE.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH?QUARTER.  Good only during montliBunmod on riRlit  hand cornor nnd when properly'siKnod and.  btammsd with tho uiinibor of tho Local. *,- '���;  ���MARKET QUOTATIONS. ������'  \>Ni.oi:vi:ii, .liniuvl."., lwi.  JCorreeied by romil'lliw., t'iniiers,  i'.ll   -?  .-.'���; .Cnrrnll street.)  l'lullr���- ' '"- ',      , -., ';"���''' c   -  Manitoba lliin^nrliin, snclt,  '���:'�����) lbs....' .*......   ? 1'-'5    �� J 1 85  (iratn���  i     '.'IH)  ���-���ooo  1  would ��� worlt. iw Injury. Fisheries on  the I.a-bnuloi' const are supplied with  white llHliernien. Kvo'n this Inhosplt-  uble. clime llnds no difficulty In ob-  tnlninK Its supply of white labor. New-  foumlliiiKli'i's are roturnliiK to their  . o;vn country, leav!n_r Hritlsh Columbia  rather than settle here and compete  with. Orientals.-  If    tiie    cnnnlhg    Industry    Is    not  would have supplied the demand for  all classes of. labor,,for which there  is here so great a demand.   ?  ' '  MINING.'    :  '" -G. ���      ���'".;���:������  In  this industry,  possibly,. so far at  least as rook .mining is concerned, the  presence of the Oriental has not- been  so Injuriously.-felt. There would appear, to be, so far as the evidence before the: commission, is concerned, no  pany, i;S>73:;::li..vi��ion'Nor:is, KiuiiiSoTf?:  I!. Wabeit? & Co., No. A���Division Nt��.  JS, New. Weatnilnsier.  T. *\\*!ox.swci]t, .X-0. 0���Division Xo. 3$,  Vancouver.  Ke-lawna  .Shippers'   Union  Company,  Xu. i;���Division Xo. 3S, Kelowna.  ! ,V.'ri.ijlu IJro_i, Xo. 9���Division Xo. 3S,  ilussland. ���',.-.'���  Kootenay- Cisfa-r .M'aiiufacturititr"Com-  ,'.vuiy,' No. 10���-Division Xo. SS, Xeifion,  : .\l6M*8 & Johnson, Xo. 2���Division No,  uT, -Victoria.  11. iiaiitloy, No. ii���Division, Xo. .37,  Victoria. ���'���"';; ���  ,  laiand Cig-ar Factory, S. Norman, No,  C���DlMlsion No. 37, .Victoria.    "  tProvtlncc Oitrar Co., Xo. 7���Division  No. 37,?V'lct07to.  A. Sdhmoter & Sons, No. S���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  ". P. GaWe, No. 9���Division No. 37, Nii-  nalmo. ���-  .   J. Dery, No. 11���Division Xo. 37, Victoria.   ... -  ,:11. J. Bootli, No. 14���Dliiibion Xo. 37,  Nanaimo.     ; ?  :;-iG. Qi Beihnsen���Division Xo. 37, Vie-  .to-rla. ���!'.'��� ���'.-.  '!'���:'T'.   F.   Gold,   Capitol  Cigar  Factory,  No'.i 12,'. Victoria, B.C.        ��� " ''  "..'���"���*.  20 00 ,  Why do you cough when "BIG 4  COUGH GURE "will cure you.  iMilckcii Wheat, lOOlli.......  dill*, inn..........: .    ���_%_> 00  llnill, Ion............'   .Sh'.its, 1 ion   i-eed-  lln'y,'tan..'.'.'    1'-' 00  .-iitfiir���  -���'iiKiir, Hnek......'.,...., ;    u t',0  VeKolalilcs���.  =;^^u;es,1o!!!,4!!0=!!.s^i-.rv,-.v=iU7.''^  I'liinlps, 100 lb..        lift.  O.mills.-lb.;  7  ' ,itillage, lb..,..,  2l  ���.'clery, 12 lumens.'...:        20  l'.uiu 1'nnliH'e--  K/lH, ilox. fivsli         ���.',',  i-'..-x,- (,'ii-e, Miiiilliibn, doz.. 2-1  i.iiUei, Oiuaiiiery, j'lhiis....       27  I'.uuer, Cr.'Miiiery, in tubs il>      27  ilntier, Hairy, piiiiis        ->q  .'lalter, Duliy, In iiib.,11.....       ���_��  Ciiccm', Oniario, lb........  Ulioesi', Manilolia, llj.olil,  l.i'.iil. Hi   Unl .".-l!>. nulls..;   l.,inl.vili. I'nlls   l.anl lil-lli. palls,...;   I.nrd;J0-lli palls   I'riili-  I'.-nr>", ICvnpnralcd.   -\pples, local, biix;..,.,,..;  Or.-'oni Apples, llux   Veiiion Apples, box..   Untunes, iloz   I.itillllllo, tlon   llillliltlllS, lloz .:   [Corrected   by   Wide'Awake   llulclicr  Sliop,  Comer llaiiillton nnd (icorKla Streets,  Ments- ���.'."''.  for&ett6r_g,$ 5 .S@;|oS-| 3  ��� ���.BLACM'?i:ANi8SHAN'fe'  : SUwk look First- I,rlzo"."ht:.100l); Poultry  Show ut Vancouver."  Unu'kltm Point,'  L.gln|juu--t\ ���  W.D. Jones  _ The best Cough;Curo? is  �� BIG^4^  hflve:yotrtried'it?!5?;::;',:?;;?!.::';-''.?^ ???'';?  HAKES A SFRCIALTY O?   '>.??  Dewars sueciai liqueur^ aisot-;l -^  ?!!?osMq(|��^  ?:??.:;-i_arge st6ck?oii'-'?'!������:??;:,; ?*?!!?,;:?;'  . imported; anp;domkstic !,;?:?!; ;';:;o;??  yyi&<ii&6yyy:yy  R;''?B.]:Mulligaii :'<&,.Co!., '^PrppsK':?  ; .?'?. ,?.?cbaNi_-i Cordova "and Cakiuui. ?!.        ;;-';,?'--  ���iii  ?:???��  i  mm  ���mm  i.i:ii: Cordova St^jWestv:;;'!^'  ' Hciidqunriers for the etigiueeritii; irude.-(  ?';:;;���;?;���"���::;    in-Vancouver. -.;'?";..,-.;-': ,���.-'.'--S.v:  OHOlGES^?  'itli  :-'m  if.  ir,  ���l.*>  70  l l.  17  1.1  I'l  7ll  1 HI  :' 90  uw/t kMrnm  dOiLAWS WORTH:  nii-l yon tinVL' tlml until Tor it cum-hik.:" )h>^  ln-i'ii in\* prutiili-o tn tlujiiK Itusiii0r..s niul by  ttitit rutc int-i built M|m< lrir;;i> Imsiii'.'^.-. iVv  tho next nmiHli i mu offi'ritiu'G'UKAT���IJAli-'  (JAINS lu /iOOTS mul SMOKH.'  EASTERN1 PRICE SHOE STORE  1W IIiisiIiirs Sireet'Knst. .-'.  10  IU  -   7f> t  ���     l-'Jft  '-'Oil  2 20  1 7ft  1 7ft  23  ���10  1ft  '211  SO  Ik'i'f, llolllni!, 11   8  O  "   Corned, lb   8  10  "   .'.leaks, lb   10  18  "   Itimsts, lb   ...         10-  IK  I'ork, Itoast, 11   12U'  "   Chops, lb .,..  Mutton, U'xs.lb ���  12 _  w'  "   -r.oin, ib   ...  IA-  "      Cliops, lb.   ...  1ft  Sausages, lb   ��� Viii  Hams, lb .'.-   ,  Hani, Slleeil, lb   m  Huron, Sliced, lb   ...        20  20  "    mile, III,.;   18  "������'  lloll.lb.   17.S  Veal, Ib .,.,  ...         8  18  rish-  Halibut.lb.. ;..,,  10  ,  Cod, lb....   .��.'''���'  10  Herring; lb   ��� >.  '"           ft   '  Salmon, lb   ��� <.  15  .imokeil Klsh.lb..........  ���!-:12��  The i|iuility nf mil. iinoilij iloos not  iiwil iulvc'1'li.siiiii; it is well U'nowri.-';  PR8CES ARE MODERATED  uors ana tsaars  |rf-':^'_VFirst;Clussjopins froni oQ cents up.  ROBT^HflNTLY,',,[-.   -   PROP  The"  E2i  gpoooooooooooopcoooooooc  C) IIavlii(!tlie Only (Jii-io-l.ale Orill Itooin  '3. In 11. C.-u'lilcii'ln llself Is u'guarantee  5   of a Klrst-Cliiss,Hotel and Itcstatiraiit .  ?! Seyniour Streeet,?  ��-'W  WIIST.'MXSTKH AVKXUK.  The  Snde^ei^debf  8,25 a Year  ��AV��r^;;I^EATKE;fi?v!  ,?,Sam XK8inrr...',..;'.!;..:.l...'.-.;;Maii��gcr'.  SMITH? and -ELMS  uuicersal favorites -  m  THE .KEAiMERS?  tlie gotliam"duo ��� *  PAULA?X!(^ERq:?  the Spanish;tieauty. ?*  '!;.;���; :!.Stni,:,\''ithvUS?;!??!';?!,',;;?  :;v!;^itA;(3RMuS'-3;  wfMMiMS^SBBMi SATURDAY JUNE 15, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  This is tliu store tlint clips olf so  many pennies on so many things.  You've Mived n dollar hero before  you're nwnrc of it. SiivIhk money  is easier thnn earning money, isn't  it?  Stirring News From Oiir  Bargain Clearing Room.  Wo require tlie space taken up by tlie bargain tables  -therefore you got the benefit. Our ono desire is to clear out the whole collection in as  short a time as possible without regards to values. Tlie following prices will prevail on  Saturday; Mrston the ground tako the plums, and there aro many:  LADIES' COATS, all good, prices of some wero $18. They are divided into 4 lots,  Clearing ljoom Prices $1, $2, $3, $4 Each.  LADIES'   SKIRTS,    all    good    styles,   marked   to    sell   at $5.   Two  Lots,  Clearing Room Prices, 50c, and $J, Each.  ��� CORSETS, D. and A., P. D. makes.   Not a pair worth  less than $1.50 up to $5.  Two Lots, Clearing Room Prices, 50c, and $1, a Pair.  DRESS'GOODS REMNANTS, in Four-Lots, Clearing Room Prices'; 50c, $i, $2, $3, $4.  .SILK  REMNANTS,   in   Threo Lots,   Clearing  Room  Prices,    50c, 80c, $1.25 Each.  LADIES' AND MISSES' HATS, all kinds, in Four Lots,   Clearing Room Prices,  ' 5c, 10c, 25c, 50c, Each.  ���CHILDREN'S WASHING -BONNETS, fine Organdie Bonnets which sold up to  ��2.50 each among them.    Clearing Room Prices, 50c, Each.  PRINTED  DRESS   MUSLIN, was   15c a yard.     Clearing  Boom, Price, 5c a Yard,  LADIES0 COLLARS. Clearing Boom Price, 6 for 25c.  -COLLARS AND   CUFFS, in sets. Clearing Room Price, 3 sets for 25c.  ���a  VEILING, was 30c a yard, * Clearing Room Prices, JOc yard.  .MILLINERY AND NECK RIBBONS 3,-1 and 5 inches wide; all silk, was Goc  a yard. ^ Clearing Room Prices,   J5cayard.  The Independent wants a Teport of  each union meiiiin'g and news concerning- itbe members of every organization.  Such reports and news will do much to  sustain and create Interest in the organizations. Secretaries are especially  urgekl to send in these reports, buit  news from any member of an organization win be received with pleasure.  r  Drink Red Cro��s Beer, the beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.50 do,., quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 7-K) Pender street.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Now, gentlemen, here is tlie shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  C.unbie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine -livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  The Great  Stores of  The flrcat  West  Corner .  Granville and)  Georgia  Sts.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORA'IOKS, Local Union No. 13S.  Meets every Thursday ln Labor hall. Preceptor, XV. Da.vls; president, W. Pavier;  vice-president, E. Crush; recordins-secre-  tary, C. Plnder, 1750 Eighth avenue, Falr-  vlcw; financial secretary, W. Halllday,  Elesmere House; treasurer. H. MbSor-  ley; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  Cole.  llie Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hustings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  9  ��    0    ��  ��    ���    ��  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' t'NION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and Homer  streets. J. Stoney. vice-president: R. J.  Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. Vibltlng brethren invited to attend.  Applications for Licenses.  NOTICE IS llrRREBY GIVEN THAT AT  the next ropular sitting of the Board of  Licence Commissioners for the Cltv of  Vancouver, I shall apply for a renewal of  the Saloon Licence for the premises situated on Lot 9, Block 2, Subdivision of  District Lot O. G. T, known ns the Atlantic Saloon in the sniM Citv of Vancouver. Al'GUST SCHWAHN.  Trains Leave C. P. R. Dej>ot  9      SB09  Union Directory.  ���VANCOUVER TRADES AN'D LABOR  Council,   President,   Jos. Dixon;   vice-  .president,   John  Crow;  secretary,  J.   C.  Marshall, 1'. O. Box 159; financial secre-  , tarj, AV J. Heer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  -.statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C.  J.  Salter   Pjillamentniy commlttee-  Chalrnian,  John  Pearey;     secietnr}. J.  Motion  Meeting���First and Ihlid Friday  in each month, at ".SO p. ni., In Union  -Hel'.-cor.- D.i:ii,mjlr .mtl Homer street*  C'C'JKS U'.\lTl:7:S AND WAITRESSES'  Union. Local No. 2i. Pieslilent, Chas.  0\ei, \Icc-lur*idLiii. W. W Ncl-on. recording i=ccii.miy. J:is II. rciKliib, financial sccietar\, R J. l.oumles, uo.imii-  er, Wm. Ellemler. Mooting even Fildav  at S.."0 p. m. In Union Hall, (.oilier Homer  ami Dunsmulr stieeti..  VANCOU'Jt TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 220 meet the last Sunday In tach  month nt Union hall. Pic-ldent, C rf  C.iniplicll; vliL'-imMiliMit. UeuiKu Wllliv,  socieiaiy, S. J. Gotlund, 1'. O. box itf;  treasuier. W Biaiul; sergc.ini.iii.imiis,.  Andrew Stuait; executive committee, E  L. Wooihun. ti. H. llolili, .1. II. Iliowne.  N. Williams; delegates to Ti'a.le._ and  Labor council, J. C. Mai shall, Robt. ToiM,  J.   H.   Hiowno.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 111. W.  F M , meets eveiy Satmday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foitstois' hall. Van Anda President,  R. Anken, \ice-prcsldcnt, C. A. MeMlle:  societal>, A. Rapor, Van Anda, B. C,:  lii.'ibuicr, H. V. Price: coniliictoi, P.  Bint,  naiden, John Lluklnter.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION* OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 11J-  Meeis i-econd and fourth Wednesday ln  each month ln Union Hall. President,  Win. Beet: corresponding secretaiy. IJ  Tlii-mlns, T3C Hamilion street; financial  secretary, _ J._H _ McVety,_12U -Seymour  sti eel.  NOTICE IS HTTrraHY GIVEN THAT A.T  the next regular sitting of the Board of  Licence Commissioners for the Citv of  Vancouver, we shall apply for a renewal  of the Wholesale Licence for the premises situated on Cordova Street, In the  said City of Vancouver.  TURNER, BBF/TON & CO ,  Per B. B. Draper, Mgr.>  'X*eleplione 651.  Western Cartage Co  W. A. McDo.vald  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all  Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN TOR WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Cambie Street.  The favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e<^-  Turner, Beeton if* Co.  Wholenale Aaexitfi  -*�����>��  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NELSON, B. C.  8Biw^at^a'_'>��aw_B-_jiij__wiiuiM!aiF  P. O. BOX 2S0. 'PHONE 179.  w. Jo McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL COXDuR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  '���-.���MA_����a__imaiM^  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      J^GqwuJr/  Vhaairr ��_��__J The " King Quality " Shoe Jul beta nqpa ia* wn  ^~V ' "&* ti/fhoet award at the Puii Bxpoiltiao. JJTgoodi ttaxam  UNION LABEL, Be saw tiiM " King Quality* is bruuUd ott yoar Aim,  mesne p��r/��ct|a_,tlsfao6ioa  Made by THE J. D. KING C0.1.LImltect1 Toronto..  >    _���. ira uu.  A, M. TYSON,  WH0LE8A1E AND RETAIL DEALER IN   .  I     -II,      ...   .        1 1   .1   Fish, Game, Fruit, and  ..vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  ���Greenlees Brothers  t__'i it  L��RN��, UAUE 0M) and  G. B. LiaUEUEl WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  tb anij other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agerit,  CREDIT:  NOTICE IS HF-rtF/BY GIVEN* THAT AT  the next leirtilnr sitting of the Bo.inl of  Licence Commissioners for the Citv of  Vancouver, T ���Oinll npplv for a rencwnl  of tlm lintel Lloonce foi the premi'-<"!  ."-Hunted nn T ol-. 1 aid 3 Block 10 Sm'i-  dlvlMou o: PKtilct Lot IS. known .is the  "Wishum   House,   in   lh��'   s'lil   Pit-   oi  * ..i��/v���(o. ,\  Tl  ur. vcicni-RX  Tlmes nre hard and cash Is scarce, and  (_. likely to be till after the flahlne season. On the other hand ive are placing  our students Into positions so fast (30 ln  seven wceeks) that -we will be short of  graduates for the fall bu.sinesi. For this  lenson we are prepared to make arrangements (with responsible parties) for a full  commercial coui se Sn such a way that the  full fee Is not payable till the end of the  six months' course. Offer open till June  15th, 1801.  Tlio Il.il. A. Vogcl Commercial College  P. O. Box 2-17. Vancouver, B. C  Mirifi: is iiranRY given- that at  the no.st remilnr ��lttlpir ot the E.-nnl nf  l.lcenci C'onimN-lnnoi'. lo." the Cltv of  Vii'ifouvei. 1 (.hall rpplv for p teneuil  "t Tlii the l,lroiH�� for tlle pi cubes ������Ini-  aiotl on Lot 12. lllork :. Sitlidii Hlon of  riKtrict T^it O O. T. know n at the N"o��  Tountnln Hotel. In the <.il(l Cilv of Vancouver. CHARLES SCHWAHN  xn-riri: is HniBPY givdn* that at  llio nc-.-t lonilnr irltfii'.- of llie BoimI nf  l.lcenre Coipnilsslo-iers for the Citv ol  Vancouver, I ���-Inll applv for u leiinwal  of the Htool Licence for the moml^e-  *lt��atc.l on Lor 10. Hlock '���". Subilfri&ion  ;>t Dlsdlct Lor "II. knonn n<! Iho tVavoi-  lv llousi... in the '-aid Cilv n' Vnnrouvci  J.  liUXGEP.FORlD  NOTICE IS IlKllEMY GIVIJX THAT AT  the nc\t lefftilrti- sittlnp: oi the Bonul ol  Licence Conniv-Mo'ie!�� for ihe Cltv of  -\anciu\er. 1 -lull applv foi a icncnnl  of the Hol��l Licence lor the promise-  situated on T.oi 7, r.'ock :. Subdlvlxlon of  OMilet Lot "ill. known n^ the Hotel  Doinln on, _n the "-.lid Cltv nf V;incou\e!  F. HAVNES  JCI'ltKXYMEN' TAILORS' UNION* Ol"  AIIEIUCA, No. ITS���Meets alternate  Mondays in loom 1, Union Hall. Pio��l-  dent, F. AVIlllan-s;. vlee-piesldent, Miss  Grnliam, recording "ecretai.v, H. O. Bur.  rltt. '.Iiiiinclal teerelnry, Tremalne Best;  trcasuier, C E N'eilson; sergea ni-alarms, J. Daoiift.  BTItEET HA1LWAY MEN'S UNION-  Mects .second and fouiUi Wednesday of  each month, In Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. in President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasuier, H. Vanderwnlker; con-  .duetor, G. JLenfesty: warden. J. Maishallj  sentinel, F. C. O'Bnen; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J. Howes.  UNITED BltOTHERiHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���.Meets every sec-  .ond and fourth Thursday In Union Hall,  room No  3   President, Wm. F. MoKen-  -73e, 1K7 Ninth avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson; recording secietiiry, A. E.  .Coffin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S Falconer; treasurer, Georgje  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. nnd L  .council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  ���THE RETAIL CLianiCS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2,022 Westminster Avenue.  TlilJ VANCOUVER LABOR PAKTY  meets o\eiy tecoud and fourth "\WdiiOh  dny In each month In Union Hall, l'resl-  (lull, Geo. Barilej; 111 st vlce-pi cedent  Gir Wilby; (.pcond vice president. T. II.  Cross, iccoidliipr soeicttiiy, L. I). Tnvlnr;  lln.iiiel.il tceietniy. John Pearey; it.nls-  llci.in, II   Williamson.  iTANi-rU'VElt FISHERMEN'S" UNION,  No. -. Moots In Labor Hall, Hornet  stuoi, every flist niul Ihlid Snturdav In  cncli ninnili at S p. in. Einest limn, pie.s-  dent: Chas. Diiilmni, secretary, SI" Harris street.  JOURNhi-YMttM HAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' l.VTEHNA'L Union of  Amcrici, Local, No. -10; Vancouver, H. C.  President, .Ins. \\'eb��ter; vice-president,  R F. McDonald; recording secretary,  Win. II. Barnes; coriespondlng secretin v,  !���'. Rawllng. em Gninvllle street, loom 10;  financial secictaiy, C. J. Salter, A13 Powell  stieet; tiensurer, W. Wood; master-alarm", F. Moyles, delegates to Trades ,ind  Labor Council. C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS it JOINERS. Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tuesdai,  In room No 2. Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidson; societaly, J. T. Bruce, 52S Harris   street.  UBS' UNION, NO. S,"-  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month  ln Union hall. Picsldent, A. Kochel; vlce-  piosldent, C. Crowder; seoretary, G.  Thomas, Jr., IAS Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. XV. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  notice is HrREHY given that at  the next lesular "Ittlng of the Board of  Licence Conim<-��lnneix__for_. tho-Gltv��� of  -X nncojiver. r -Ifall apply foi a ienew.il  of my Hotel L'rence for Ihe premises  situated on LoN 3 nnd J Block 23, Subdivision of Plsnict Lot ull, known :i�� the  Hotel r.el.iiid, In the slid Cilv of Vmi-  oouver. ROIJEIIT DOWSAVEiLI.  BUCHANAN & WHITE  B10EJ&E PABNTEKS  "25 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  TIL.  Best  , Telephone   899.  Arcade   Vaulta,   Caxnbie   Street.  1867  1901  9(5  Wmq m the Market  fcolid Copper Tea ami Coffee Pots  Ten Kettles in all Sizes  (Xicklc l'liilcd)  Tliete goods ��ill la=t a life time.  "So fcuoitriii? to keep eleiui  Always look bt.glit  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and tlousefurnishings,  ���I0G and  -106  Wcitminstcr Avenue, Vancouver  NOTICE.  NUTICK IS HFUHHY G1VR.V THAT AT  the ne.\t itwil.ir slulm,- of ihe I;onid nf  LIcenri' Conimlsslonei'.H for the City of  Vancouver. I Muill npplv for u rvnewnl  nf the lltiicl Licence for Hie nifmlHi".  sllu.iii'd on Lois 3. 1 and Ii, Ulnek 2.  Stih-dlvfs'oii nf Dlsdlct Lot Iflii, kiioiwi ns  the Hotel Europe, In the "aid Cltv of  Vn neon ver. AXGi;r/3 CAI.OKI.  XOTICi: IS HEIllIRY OIVK.V Tll.\~.\i"  the next loiciilm* sIiiIiik of ihe llo.ml  of Llcmse Coiiiiiilssioneis tor Ihe Cilv of  Viineoiivor, we "hall njiplj lor a uiunal  oi mc Saloiiii License for the luemlsiv  sltmitwl on Gi'.in\lllc stieet, known .ih the  Ci'iteilon Salnoii In the slid Clly ol Vnn-  com er.  (Slcnedi Ki:XTA: MAGNI'S.  NOTJCR IS llllllBUY GIVDN' THAT AT  the ncM rcKular "litlnir of the Hn.uil of  License Commissioners for the Cln of  Vancouver. I s||.|l| applv for a Hotel  Licence for the ini'inlaos MtmtiMl on Lots  1*1-10. Tllock 21, !9iil)ill\Mon of nMtlct Lot  ."11, known n^ the l*eif;iis-oii llloek, In the  wild o:tv of Vancomei.  (Slsrned) ALIOX   SMITH.  UNION B.UvEKTES  AV. D. _Muir, 3Iount Pleasant.  W. Mm lay, Prior stieet.  Montreal Eakery,  Westminstet  avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street.  W. ��>. Kent, 58 Cordova street.  *J. Oben, Hastings street.  Slinchen Co, Ginnvlllfr street.  Barnwell Uios., Granville street.  l_flig:en & Tupper, Granville street.  To Those in the Building Trades:  It has been resolved by the Vancou-  \or Bulltllns Tiades Council that the  working caul .system shall go into ef-  fi-el on June 1st next. E.\poiicnce lias  ileiiionstrated tlio fact tlint It Is necessity to bring about a closer amalgamation ot the workers lor the betteiment  of lhelr condition, seeing that the  lifule.s are now belin. Invaded by cheap  Oilentnls and to a laige evtent by  other foielgnuis lo tbe (letilmoni of all  lOiiceineil.' Wo tberofoie tender nil  tlico outside the unions a hearty welcome to become members without further pel sua.slon. It Is a. duty all honorable tradesmen owe to theni-sclves  nml their ci rift to be In the union.  A. 3. MORTIMOI5K,  Sec. A". B. T. C.  Vinicou.ci1, May 3, 1901.  Dominion Day  Celebration  JULY  9      I and 2  C-hampionsfiiip. Lacrosse, Basehaff, Bicycle  -   and   Horse Races.   The Wavy Men  will also Participate in the Games.  .. .FSELD AND AQUATIC SPORTS...  H. IVf.'s Warships will be present.  GOD SAVE THE KING. ;/������  MAYOR TOWNLEY, Chajrman.      S.J. GOTHARD, _Sec.^  Ihe Mint  Is    the   new    silicon   nt   the   corner  of Carrall anil Hustings streets.   Case  goods nre tlie best, nnd tlio prices O. K.  Seattle Kninier beer, 5 cents.  Convalescents' need Eison Port���"the  builder np of tlio weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 74G Pender street  For stomach trouble of any kind tako  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cute  or you get your money baok. Gflc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  mid  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICE.  To nil points In Cnnnrta nnd Iho United Slates.  THE FASTEST AST) BEST EQUIPPED TRAI>  CROSSING TIIE CONTINENT.  S11MM1M 1011 JA1VIX ASD  CHINA.  Empress of Cliinti July Mb  Empress of Iiiilln July 23th  Emprosiof Japan Juncl7tb.  nnd every four weeks thereafter.  SIILIXO FOI: HONOU.LB AND AUSTRALIA.  Monnti            May 81st,  _illoncra June2Stli.  Aorangl .' .' Julj _.'Ctb  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to >-  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATER,  A.G.P.A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 423 Hastings St.,  ';   * Vnncouvcr, B. C.  Woman's Time  ���lb ��urelj i;urili ��=omcthinp It is  uorth loo much lo throw It iiwuv In  dofng licr own un<-liinc. rarticninrlv  when \\o (Id nil " TLA 1'GOODS" AT  24 c A DO/* CN  Count a our time ami soup untl fuel  and starch and blueing and wear nnd  tear, then sco how f.irlilu will go.  Tablct'lothi,, nnpLtii*-, sheet*, plllou-  ca'-C'stoucK and all goods lhat am be  put throng our bip Mcam inanglcsnro  termed " lint good4-." IHitjour bundle  mu��ttea fair a--tor tin em of largo and  Ml]Itll plCL'ti!).  ��f earn Laundry  D. II. STEWART, Pkop.  PnoNE 346. 910 - 914 Richards St.  The laundry of the dark red nngons.  ������������������������������.��������  | :   GEO. HAY   : |  *  Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes     4&,  Renovator, makes a suit new.      ���  Dyeing and Repairing.  210 Cambie St., Va>.codvkr.  'V .Jt,V  '       -1.1 ���3!r-~* ���"��� " **--^ -���tr.-r.--r.^t^���'^Vi^.f^  TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.  ......JUNE IS, 1901?,  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  SWEAT   SHOPS.  To tho Editor of The Isdei'KSdest.  Sir,���I trust you .can Iiml space in  your colu___ns_tfor the following criticism ot" an Item which appeared in  your last Issue, restmliiig "Ontario's  Sweatshops." No, friends. This was  in no heathen land. This did not happen in China or the Transvaal. 13ut  in Christian (?). civilized ('.*), Canada  ���tlie brightest star In the empire's glO-  aiious crown. Darkest Africa can boast  no da nicer scene; neither would men  ���worthy of 'the name allow such a system sis this Is to continue.. What was  it tlui.t caused Koine's downfall, and  what the fa! lot* Spain'.' Answer, ye  slaves. What caused ..those scenes in  Prance that made all tyrants tremble  ln their shoes and filled the world  with horror and dismay? Twenty-five  cents.,a dozen for ���boy's pants in Ontario. Two.dollars per week! and no  help Cor it. And no attempt at so adjusting 'things that all may have their  .share of happiness." Two thousand  years ��� of preachers,- and pews with  parrots in'them; and this Is the heartrending outcome of tt ill!   "What fools  '.-these'montals ibe."   Know ye this, and.  ���now a man liaith vomited at the sight  of you.   If ye be men, whaf nre. dumb  ��� ��� :.' cattle  like?   The. liberal .party claims  to haive done .its  best  to better the  :? condition   of   the   prolatalre;   and   the  conservative party is in, the same boat  go  I  presume   that  labor had   better  ':���,]. tree itself from  the ignoble bonds  of  '.'��� serfdom, without,the aid and without  the consent of the self-confessed use-  ? less   political ^Siamese   twins.   In   tlie  words of James Russell Lowell:  The time is ripe, and rotten���ripe for  '.  ��� -���     .. change;  TJien let it come;" I Wave., no dread of  ������<�� ".?     wbat -:"  ���'..  Is called for by the instinct of man-  adnd.    : ���     ���'���  ,;-_:,,,  '���'.'->'       '   ������ THE ONLOOKER.  ���    '       aL : ��� '���  Vancouver, B. C, June 12, 1001.  EDUCATION AND STRIKES.  .   I saw a statement malcle in a news-  ?'      lyaper the other day? that the money  "���:.:.''    spent.BO freely .to educaite 'the', masses  ..':���' "'.'������.'was' misspent, and instead of impvov-  ? ing those, for whom it provided  the  ??? m'e-ans. of learning and the: ability 1o  ?��� ,??.?Tead?for .themselves In theend made  "'���_,'������.���'���'..'itiieirposition the 'harder and unfitted;  )'??;,?them for; the, wqi-ik: of. everyday life.  '. The  statement referred to is  so  ab-:  '*.??:   surd  arid.ihas  so  often.; been  proved  .?? ', . to.'be untrue that I do not propose to  ; ��???; airgtie 'the  question    now.   I    desire,  ?;,?. however,: to point out .that the?more  .v.?)'. education the Amasses/ receive, so much  ?:??  /tlie more'.aire they'able to .think and  ?{;?   act  aright.  ...:' ��� '���'. ..brie ofthe .most deplorable sights to  ������, : .be seen in any country is what, is com-  i:[.;���;. jnonly. called?' "a  strike."... Sometimes,  .    ??<>f .course,'.'jth'ere. is righteous cause for  ??? ..the; .woiiker'to strike,  as 'that is  the  :??,   only .weapon   the   worker,  can   yield  ":'������ ���wheri; ihe'-Is .wrongfully oppressed, by a  ���',���.'....���?.'corporat-oin.'������or individual, who desires  ? * to force .his men * to make' his profi ts  :'.':;.'. larger.-. l)y  depriving' them  of a fair,  ;"'''i honest. remuneration for;honest labor  .   given.   In:  the?old days, through  the  ? -want of'education too often men went  ..... onstrikewhen '���they    had   'no  just  ���grounds . for-doing    so, ? consequently  their iaot brought?'disaster upon  the  ??    employer, ibut; a far greater wrong up-  V on .themselves   aiid   the?: wives yan^  .?-?children 'depen'demt upon.them.���'���.'Ihave  ; in the jiast urged and still' earnestly  '.' advocate arbitration in. every, instance  .'before a strike is declared, then ,when  ���nothing else can possibly be done, .nnd  the  dause. is  just,  strike,' and  every  right thinWng man ought to support  ith1?=fiKfi=lnT'*thffi  is that there are fewer, collisions between employers and the men p,m-  ,f ployed nowadays? I thlrik I ,am right  in saying through ? education- the  masses are able to keep pace with not  only the questions of the day, but  with the literature ot the day. The  readers of the best literature in our  public libraries are the workmen of  the city. As our children have greater  educational advantages so will the  need of "striking" pass away, because  the wonker will ibe able to understand  ,the difficulties surrounding the work  they are engaged In, and the employ  er will not dare to try and impose upon his men. knowing too well that  they understand his business as well  as lie does himself. My opinions are  fully endorsed -in an article published  in a St. Paul's (Minn.) paper last week.  The writer says "that the schooling  facilities ot" the present generation wiil  make strikes In the next generation'  a lost art. The whole tendency of  strikes during the past ten years has  been toward moderation, and as a result we see the machinists' strike conducted in a perfectly orderly manner,  and each side listening reasonably to  the "'argument.-, of the. other. The  schooling given the children of workingmen nowadays will give them , the  ability to .present, and convincingly,  their side of any labor difficulty when  they grow to be men. and it will also  enable them to see the reason of any  just argument of their employers. The  result will be compromises on all labor troubles, and no strikes or disorders whatever.' Even now there Is no  labor organization* that openly avows  belief in strikes. They are only the  very, last resort." I hope there.will be  no strike this yea.r over the "fishing  season." , I wish . to' point out to. the  government officials that it is known  that certain canners having traps on  the other side ma'de a very large stake  last year by bringing the flsh. so  caught over, to this:side and that the  nine will be done::.this year.  SOUTHERN*   CROSS.'  '���-'..���,. HO,   FOR   SUMAS.  The street .railway employees of this  city will hold their third annual.picnic  .011 July, 4th, 1901, at Sumas, Wn. This  will he one of tlie big events of the  season. Tickets mav be had at $1.25  for adults and 50 cents for ^'children,  from, the committee, who are G.. A.  Dickie, James Barton. ; and John  Pearey?'* ? ���.'  .  ; JOSEPH GILL DEAD. .'_';  Joseph! Gill, cage tender: at. the. Le  Rot mine, Rossland, was fatally injured on Thursday morning." He fell  from Ore, skip ait the 700,-foot level, and  was picked up '.shortly -, after on the  bulkhead at *theL'S00-foot level. The  unfortunate died four hours later at  the sisters' hospital. Deceased was an  Englishman., ffi.jyea.rs old, and an active member of the miners'? union. ??  According to the newspaper reports,  Bernard Macdonald is going to force  :a fight, on the Western Federation o��  ���miners. ? A large force of men has been  laid off attheXoi'tliort smelter, and at  th;e Le Rbi. mineuwltli ithe evident calculation of brealving?up the labor.or-  .ga'niza.tions.? Macdonald is spoiling for  'a fight lamd. lie .will certainly get ?it.  All .the? hiohey that the Whttaker  Wright corporation and ?the Gooder-,  ham-Black'stocik: syndicate can dig up  will not,,be a circumstance?to what it  will cost . to' drive the miners' union  out of Rossland.���'Paystreak.'���.'������'���.  There was a? good: turnout of fishermen ait? Eburne on Tuesday night,  when delegates Rogers and Durham,  of the grand .lodge,, met them to consult: on- matters1 relating to the price  of_ fish. . The meeting was enthusiastic and the men ; are determined,. to  etaind by? the: majority ���, vote of the^  unions, which will be .submitted oh  Saturday at Westminster. Mr. Durham laid' the carriers' proposition before the .Eburne.'. branch, which ,was  carefully gone. into. ?President Kolos-  ol'f, of the Eburne,, union, spoke at  some length."? as did ? also;' F. Rogers,  of Vancouver. ���        :'-[���:������  A" special meeting called iby the  Rossland Trades and? Labor Council  was held at'; Miners' ?Union Hall last  Saturday .evening.. After a good deal  of discussion it was? decided to organize a.'unlim to be called "The Rossland  Lalxn'.-Unioni^^A^ipresident^and^sec-:  retary,: pro tern, were elected and' a  committee was appointed .������ to draft  working rules for the new organization.'..,'. :,;:',, ? :?,  The special committee will report tonight at a meeting.  The Dominion Trades arid Labor  Congress will be asked.to grant a  charter to the new union.  FLINT'S URO-MO GRIPPE CURE,  neve.' falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives instant relief-  guaranteed, your money back. 25c.  box ot McDowell, Atkins. Watson Co.  OFFICIAL STATEMENT.  The Executive Committee of the B.  C. F. P. U. grand lodge was notified  on June 1st by the Canners' Association that they were prepared to meet  the committee ot the B. C. F.P.. U.  for the purpose of endeavoring to arrange price and terms for the coming  season. The committee met the canners in Vancouver on June 3rd. After  a long conference a proposition was  submitted'1, lo the fishermen's committee. The executive of the grand lodge  -held a meeting to consider the canners' proposition,*'and passed a resolution to call a special meeting of all  the local lodges.for the purpose of  voting on the canners' offer, and all  local lodges to forward their vote to  tlie grand lodge, which was in session  in New Westminster on June Sth. ��� The  canners' proposal was rejected unanimously-. A vote being taiken by 'the  local lodges on what -price was to be  asked . brought , forth . the fact that  about SO per cent, of-the members demanded, 15 cents per fish throughout  tlie season. The ��� fishermen's committee waited on the, canners again on  June 10th, bringing the Fishermen's  ���union's answer to the canners' offer,  and making their .counter proposition,  which the canners found Impossible tp  accept,, in view of the present state  of the market. They saw; however,  tlieir way to ��� maike the illshermen a  new and '-more reasonable proposal,  whereupon tlie executive of the -grand  lodge met immediately after the conference, and decided to call another  special meeting of the local lodges'  toi-tJiwith to consider the new offer.,  Their reports will be.in the hands, of  uhe grand loodge at its next meeting,,  which-'.takes'place at New Westinins-  ter. this' (Saturday) afternoon, 'when,  official statements, will be given to the  tiress. ���.���.''��� ..'.���:������-'.-  ; C. ? DURHAM.  F.?A.   ROGERS. ���'"������.[���  Press committee o�� grand lodge?.  THE MU* TRADES.  All meihbersof the : Amalgamated  Society of Carpenters'and Joiners are  requested to: attend the star meeting  oh,Tuesday night.  ,''���   ���  . President. Dixon occupied ? the chair  at Thursday night's:joint; meeting, of  tlie 'building .trades, .when.it: was decided-��� to assess ��� all members a sum  not to?exceed EO cents, for a 'month, to  be:'?.used* f or  brganizatioh   purposes. ?'  ,-Thon':"scab:- job" : on? Dupont -street,  riiii.by.a'-Victoria. mail, is now iri?full  blast.;- -.Chinese carry the?, hod : for .the  bnicklayers,:, aiid 'also . intend to  do-- tiie; -same for.:' .the plasterers,  when 'they ere ready. -One foat-  iire.tb be. regretted, is that .ithe,.plasterers' tinion lias withdrawn its delegates  from the? Building Trades,.Council, because the rules prevent tliem .froni  working .,with  Orientals.  ..::,  ,? UNION BARBER SHOPS.?'  ; The following is a? complete list of  union barber shops?In Vancouver. Is  your barber on thelist?-,,?,.? ?,:  .;. Elite? barber shop, Hastings street. ,  ..Boh Ton? barber i shop, Hastings  street.- ..?."' "���?-.������.-'?' '?'���''-?.'.'?:?-.?;. -!-:-'?  Porcelain Baths,, Camble.street. ?  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  : Savoy Barber. Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's    Barber?.": Shop, ?/?Cordova  street.    .  ..;���. ;',': :..?���'?;???,?���'? ��� y.:~"'.i:i'y  The Whittier Barber .Shop,:;-Carrall  street.'- :-;i ',? ;;?*?     ? :?? ..''..,.���-'��� ,'  Oyster   Bay   Barber??Shop,? Carrall  street.'-'. '---.,.���";���'������-.' '?;;'.??-'..'*-?,? ;''���;.''?''-'*-'.?'-  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  6. IC Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.''?'?.?':'* -;?>?"':?-  Army and Navy (Oscar Heyiaiidt)���  -G.nahvllle-streot,-.under__.Tror_ey;s._________.__  n  You'll not find fault wit'j. nny quality you  eel ut the lvoplt'- I'opular l'nce Pliaruincy.  ijimlily is of supremo importance.  You'll not Uml limit with the prices���they  are always fair and Ion or thnn oilier store'-,  prices.  OSIB  PRICES  NOT  CONTROLLID   BV  ANY  COMBINl.  CnstorlA, Regulnr Price S3e, our pi ice  25c  Curler's Pills, "       "   25c,   "     '      ISc  Dr. Gibson's Kidney Cure, Itcgiilnr I'rlce  $1.50, our prlco 1       SI  Sl'ON'til!-! AK1) SOAP? AT HALT- PRlCt.  l'KlCSCUIl'TIOXS:  50 per cent. louci thnn  oilier STOBiS.    .  Gerald Deyell   druggists  VY.D.Wyllc  Successors to J. A. I.. McAlphlne.  -AT-  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  "14 Arcade  From Their Nanaimo, bouthflcld anil  - Protection Island Collieries,  ^team,  Cias   and  iloiiseCoa!  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  ,. Ruri of tlie Mine,  '    -Waslied JMutaiid  Screonin&A.  : SA5ICEL"31. ROBINS, Superintendent.  :' EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, 11. C.  Mas��!* & ilsscb  May be bought,'by. monthly iustniments from  Gideon Hicks & Co.  23 Hastincs street,:?       SS Government st.  .:..-.      Vancouver, Victoria.  Hardie & Thompson  ?J. H. Stevens, Mount Pleasant.  CHINA   HALL  Tlie ilus-t is bad nnd you  want   A   PEATMtR   DUSTCR.   We  linvc a full lino ot linu ones, IS ccnls Each and upward.-..  LEMON JUICE EXTRACTORS, small size, made of j{la��s, IOc.  Largo size, mutle of gliisi- (Manny's patent), ?Oc. Wood prosn-rf, 25c.  LEMONADE CLASSES, right she, right shape; lino thin glais,  but strong and durable, 75c. a dozen.  25 cents buvs  one of our S-inch  full crystal   imitation   cut  glass BERRY BOWLS.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Hall, 319 Hastings Street.  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  A. Murray, -Westminster avenue,  ilorgu-n, The Tailor, Graiivllle street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  CIuHb & Stewart, Cordova street.  YV. Murpliy, Cordova street.  ���Moliae & 'McDonald, Hastlng-s street,  east.  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  13. Ijai-sen, Hastings Street.  J. Carrelll, Cordova street.  Simon & Co., Cordova street.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore failing appetite and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, "Watson  Co.  Marine;. and Gciicm! =^  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  526 Cordova St. W./Vanccuvek, B. C. Til. "C  :Patentees and designers ofthe Hardie-  ?:? Thompson water tube boiler, new liiph  .:���-:,speed reversing engines, and .special  ??, machinery in light heetionH for nilnei.  Propellers Designed.  Engines Indicated and  ���'.:���?���;: ?? 5 adjusted.  Sole agents In B.'C.and N*. W. Territories lor  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.   ;?*?  * I THERE IS  of Fire?: or Injury "to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  B. (. Eli I ft  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  ��� Want a New Bike? X  <��. " Come in and let us tell you about our new ^  ^ Easij Payment P!an. You'll own a high-grade ^  ^ wheel before you realize it is costing you anything. ^  f ASK ABeUT IT. f  Bicycle Store    ^  24 Cordova &f.   <$  SOLE AGENT  ���  ^     CLEViELAND ANK IRBBUNE BBCYLES.     J'  NcLennan,  Ncfecly ���� Co.  ���WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN    ���  Shelf and Ilcavv  aroware.  MAIL   ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTTEN1TION.  & CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  \$5��T Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ���  ONE WEEK.  [WALNUT,   Cl'&A-Li$ht Brown;  HAVANA~��ark Brown.  Those nre tlio colors, anrt thev tiro ronllv bcftutiful shtides.  As to  the  bhujie-s���fn^-hion knows uothing newgi, and luish't produced n  ! more perfect lint In muny moons.  9 The muker**���KimberJy ^ Co., of London, Khc, ab>*ohnely  guarautcc the  ( quality.   Wcjuo icsponsihle foi the price.   $2,50, and there never wus a fairer one.  They aie on view Hour the door.   Try 'uki on in a minute.  J��HN&T��N, KEKI=����T ��B�� CO.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers, !<H-6 CORDOVA STRICT,  Halters and Metis's furnishers, VANCOUVER.  Rodgers Table and Pocket  Cutlery at  Tfodall's Gun Store 5%t"e%tin9S  Better Than Ever  Gratifying indeed to hear praises sounded throughout tho  Dominion. FIT-REFORM patterns, gathered from the various  quarters of the globe, are receiving undivided attention from  nobby dressers,  That's why makers of Fit-Reform are taxed to their utmost  capacity in this tlie spring of li)01.  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B>. C.  Mull orders promptly attended to.  Self mennuemeut blanks und samples  bent on application.  >OOOOOOQOOOOOOOCX>OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC  REMOVAL SALE^-^a^-  ...TO REDUCE STOCK...  309> Carrall St.  Tel. 101.  )OOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOCOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC500000000000000CC  Massey - Harris and Stearns  ALL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT   KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St.  The best place ln B. C. to have your  . ��� Blcyclo, repaired.  A recent cough or cofd that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE "will not cure is not-  worth curing.  !  151  I  'ill  i  1  4  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  li  -I  >'tl  -P  1  !ft  'S-'i.  I:  jit it  ���I  i  ;���  , is


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