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The Independent Apr 13, 1901

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Array LP' ���   ti ���' ���   ^ I'  ;: * V-J  JIEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  The oldeit and lavgest International company in the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cotkburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  OTTAWA FIRE ISSUKAKCK CO  Authorized Capital  ���  11,600,000  '   Subieribed Capital  - -    500,000  Government Cepoilt ���       81,000  H. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for B. C. and Alberts.  30 and 81 Flack Block, Vancouver.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 13, 1901.  NO. 3.  WARN THE MINERS' UNION.  The big mining; companies of Rons  land havo posted the following notice  addressed  to  their employees:  "It being a matter of common report  that a certain element In the Rossland  Miners' union Is Insisting upon the abrogation of the settlement that was  entered into a year ago at the Instance  ot Messrs. R. C. Clute and Ralph  Smith, we think it only right to  all concerned that we should state at  the earliest opportunity offered, that If  any action is taken by the Miners'  union looking to a change in the existing labor conditions ln this camp, we,  have waited upon you as gentlemen,  asking that you make good your promises. This -you have refused to do and  henp Insult upon Injury by' publishing  what you know to be false.  PRIEST MEDIATES.  A recent New York despatch says  that Rev. Father Phillips acted ns head  and spokesman for a committee of five  pei.onfi representing the coal Interests  of the anthracite regions of Pennsylvania. The mission of the committee  was to confer with Mr. J. P. Morgan  on the visible symptoms of unrest that  arc manifested In all the districts belonging to this magnate, and If possible avert all eruptions of- trouble by  timely concessions.   The conditions of  CANADIAN NOTES.  tiniest ln the anthracite coal region at  the undersigned, will have no alterna- I present were set forth in the briefest  possible form by Father Phillips, who  presented the delegation to Mr. Morgan  and to w horn Mr. Morgan expressed his  interest in their errand and his willingness to make personal effort to prevent  a strike, though he declined  to hold  a ipubilo conference with the labor leaders.   The delegation who met Mr. Morgan to-day comprised the .Rev. E. S.  Phillips, from Hazelton; Edward Lau-  tetbach, Treasurer, and A. T. McAIes-  ter, secretary of the Hazelton Board of  Trade, and J. H. Sereby, president, and  L.   "W.   Marquardt,   chairman   of   the  Manufacturers' Committee of the Pltts-  vllle Board of Trade.   Mr. Morgan assured  the  delegation  that  he   would  conr.munlcate with the boards of trade  later.    "You may rest assured that I  believe there will be no strike," he remarked. Mr. Morgan shook hands with  the   members of the delegation    and  they departed.   Father Phillips is the  pastor of the mining station of Hazelton.    In the midst of all the troubles  that have transpired between the mine  owners and their workmen he has always maintained honorable principles,  preferring the peaceful medium of arbitration to strike and plunder.  For genuine grocery bargains, go to  the City Grocery. , .  tive but to close down our mines and  re-open only under a reduced scale of  wages.  "The accumulating burdens that  have been Imposed upon the mining Industry ln this province are already  heavy to bear, and if these burdens are  Increased It will be Impossible to operate these mines on a business basis.  "We have been struggling for a long  time patst to put these mines on a paying basis, and have been devising all  manner of ways and means for the accomplishment of this end without resorting to the reduction of wages.  "Consequently,   any   further   trouble  or expense to the companies at this time  will leave no alternative but to aban-  don our efforts to maintain wages at  the old standard, and we will be compelled to adopt the long considered plan  of reducing miners' wages   to   $3 per  day, and muckers and unskilled surface  .labor to $2 per day.  "Signed.���Le  Rol   Mining  Co.',  Ltd.;  Le Rol No.  2, Ltd.;    Rossland    Great  "Western Mines; Kootenay Mining Co.,  Ltd.,  by  Bernard  Macdonald,  G.  M.;  War Eagle C. M. & D. Co., Ltd.; Centre Star Mining Co., Ltd., by Edmund  E Kirby, G. M."  The Rossland Industrial World says  that for an. exhibition of nerve the  publication by the mine managers of  the above announcement takes the bun.  That any person or persons could be  ' Euilty of such statements ln the* face  of existing conditions Is almost beyond  credence. "That a certain elemei.t in  the Rossland Miners' union is insisting  upon the abrogation of the settlement,"  Is the way they place it. Now these  flelf-same managers know that what  they say Is not true, no matter from  whom they received the Information.  They know that they themselves haive  taken every opportunity to abrogate  that agreement, in fact have never  lived up to any portion of lt. They  promised to offer no interference to the  union, and embrace the llrst opportunity to show open antipathy. The  union nor any portion of it has no intention of going from any clause of  the agreement, as evidence, when the  walking delegate was refused permission to go upon company land in his  omelal capacity, tlie union called attention to the agreement, and received  Information from Messrs. Clute and  Smith that the stand taken by them  was a right one. The letters from  these gentlemen upon the subject were  printed last week. These letters were  shown Mr. Macdonald and Mr. Kirby,  but It had no effect whatever in convincing these gentlemen of the wrong  stand they weie taking. Now we ask  who are doing  the  abrogating?   Does  _anyone_thlnk_th.it _lhc_two_gentlemen  who acted as arbitrators a year ago  \\oukl speak falsely about the matter?  Does anyone doubt that such an agreement was made when both these gentlemen say so? Then wherein is the  Miners' union instating upon the abrogation of anything? Its members are  making no demands, but are simply  asking that the mine managers live up  to the terms of settlement even as they  Insist that their employees shall. The  statement that the mines will be closed  and started again at u reduced scale  ln ense an Issue is forced Ir the most  veritable rot. The wage scale for common labor, $2.60 per day, barely permits ii. living for a family, nnd this  fact Is known to the managers. Then  what could be done with $2 per day,  or $12 per week? It would not be a  living wage and no white could or  would work for It. With the amount  of money expended in development  work, In new machinery, new buildings, etc., It certainly could not be. expected that very large dividends could  be declared. But dividends have been  paid nevertheless and more are forthcoming. Now, gentlemen, be consistent. The Miners' union does not wish | j?ree concert at the City Grocery,  t) oppose you, and you know It.   They  Saturday evening, from 7 to 10.  ������      WESTERN FEDERATION.-   '  The meeting of delegates to the dls  trict convention of the Western Fed-  eintlon of Miners, which convened ln  Nelson last week, was a very interest  lng one. Much business' pertaining to  the welfare of the members was transacted and oflicers for the ensuing term  ivc-re elected. The new ofllcers are  President, James Wllks, Nelson; vice-  president, Rupert Biilmer, ..Rossland;  secretary-treasurer, Alfred Parr, Ymir.  The matter of bonusing the lead refining industry was discussed at some  length and the following resolution  wns adopted:  "Resolved���That this District Association, No. C, Western Federation of  Miners, ' in annual convention assembled declare that It Is the Judgment  of this organization the true solution  of the refinery problem Is the construction and operation of a refinery by the  Dominion government of sufficient capacity for the treatment of our silver-  lead ores, and that such refinery should  be situated at some central point in the  mining districts of this  province."  CONDUCTOR'S CONVENTION.  The annual convention of the Order  of Railroad Conductors will be held In  St. Paul early next month. Tho delegates from Chicago division No..l will  leave St. Paul after the convention Is  over and In company with other delegates will go on a pleasure tour from  St.-Paul-vit-WiniiIlieg-to-yancouvcr,-  nnd from there down to California,  ii ross to New Orleans and back ni.a1n  to Chicago. The train bearing the delegates will be the 'finest equipped one  that ever crossed the continent. The  party will be composed of about 300  delegates.  A meeting of the instrumentalists residing In Vancouver will be held In  Union hull at-2.30 on Sunday afternoon  to take into consideration the advisability of organizing a branch of the  International Musicians' union. There  is quite a number In this city, and  their IntcrostH should be protected. Wc  are pleased to learn that they Intend  to take their stand among organized  labor. Mr. Watson, organizer, will attend. All musicians arc Invited to be  present.  C. L. Gordon, of the Province repor-  torlal staff, left on Tuesday for Nelson to take charge of the editorial  rcom of the Tribune. "Luc" has a host  of friends In this city who hope that  his new journalistic venture will be a  successful one.  The Btoresot Kaslo. B. C will close  In future at 7 o'clock in the evenings.  General Secterary George Preston, of  the International Association ot Machinists, report* the formation of 11  new unions.  The men employed by the Hamilton,  Ont., smelter works are on strike because two men were discharged. The  fight is bitter.  The Journeymen Plumbers' union, of  Toronto, hove agreed with the Master  Plumbers' association for a 10 per cent,  increase in wages.  Toronto bricklayers have Just renewed for another year the wages agreement with employers for 37 1-2 cents an  hour, eight hours a day.  The Nelson Trades and Labor Council passed the following: "Resolved���  That this council condemns the proposal of the government to Increase the  head tax upon male adults from $3 to  $5, cither ln the cities of Vancouver,  New Westminster, Victoria or Nanalmo, or in any other part of the province."  The strike at Dundas, Ont., In the  tool works of John Bertram & Sons,  Dundas, which had been In progress  since October 5th last, came to an end  through the intervention of the labor  department of the Dominion Government. A communicatipn was sent on  behalf of the striking workmen to the  Hon. Wm. Mulock, minister of labor,  requesting that action be taken hy the  department to bring about a settlement between the company and its employees, and Mr. King, the deputy minister of labor, arrived In Dundas, from  Ottawa, and had interviews with the  firm and the men during the forenoon.  Brother Holmes, of the board of trustees, came from Toronto as well, and  assisted in the negotiations towards a  settlement. By 2 o'clock an understanding had been reached and the  strike was declared off. The terms of  settlement were eminently satisfactory  aiid our-men, are perfectly - satisfied  with the outcome. - '       r.  General Secretary John B. Lennon,  of the Journeymen Tailors' union of  America, reports that at one of the  recent meetings of the Label committee of the Hamilton, Ont., Trades and  Labor council, the question was asked,  "Had the custom tailors adopted a new  design for their label?" On being answered In the negative, the Information  was given that a member of the Cigarmakers' union had purchased a pair of  pants from Loosely & Loosely, on King  William street, that city, which had  on a label that in no way resembled  the genuine article. Inquiries were  made which established beyond doubt  that the label In question was spurious  and a direct infringement of our label  as a registered and specific trademark  of the union. The case was Intrusted  to-the care of Carscallan & Cahil, of  that city, and on their advice proceedings were immediately taken to obtain  nn injunction to prevent any further  Infringements. The case came up before Judge Falconbridge, at Toronto,  on tlie 13th instant, and the injunction  sought for was granted. It is regrettable In a measure that proceedings  had to be taken against Messrs. Loosely, who, although not running a union  shop in the ordinary acceptation of the  term, yet in the 18 years they have  been in tlie business have always paid  the '.'bill" to the last cent. It i.s now  to the credit-of-tlifslfliTn to suy"that  In the future they will employ none  hut union workmen.  ganlzed together under the same charter, but the formation of ���separate locals In the vnrlous trades, chartered  by the same national or International  union, seems the most feasible way of  solving a vexed question.  Some of our Southern fellow union-  lets are opposed to the organization of  colored men under any circumstances.  This view Is not a wise one. The employer will not hesitate to use 'the  black toller to perpetuate the present  is? stem of low wages anld long hours.  Next to organizing themselves the  wageworkers of the South could do  nothing bettern than organize their colored co-workers.  lt Is better that the colored people  of the South should learn to love and  admire tralde union Institutions than  learn to look upon them as being antagonistic to their interests.  AMERICAN NOTES.  NO SERVILE LABOR NEEDED.  The Rev. Canon Beanlands seemingly pleaded before the Oriental Commission or. Tuesday for a class of "servile  labor," an a necessity of a young and  undeveloped  country like ours.       He  quoted,with a view to strengthen his  plea, the case of ancient Greece with  its free und Us servile classes���the latter consisting,  by  the bye, of actual  slaves, though the Canon did not, of  course, mean to arsue for such a status in the instance of British Columbia.  He seemingly meant to assert that in  his  or-inlon,   there   Is  needed   here  a  class, sufficiently humble and subser-  vlint to do work for small wages, which  the ordinary free man out West more  or less disdains, save under stress of  dire necessity.   One argument used by  the Canon,    was  that the    free man  would, here as in ancient Greece, find  his position  of freedom strengthened  and bettered by the co-existence of a  servile class.   The reverend gentleman  certainly thus made a point not raised  by any other witness who has as yet  been heard by the Commission, but the  argument is not convincing and seems  'open  to strong objection   on    ethical  gicunds. Ancient Greece differed wholly... from-modern.British.-Columbia.and  taker altogether, by no means for the  better, for, when Grecian art and culture  reached  their zenith,  the  social  lift of the community was Indescribably corrupt.   It may moreover, well be  asked, If a free,class in a community  has a moral  right to better its own  status, at the cost of another class kept  servile.���News-Advertiser.  SOUTHERN COLORED LABOR.  One of the perplexing industrial  pioblcms of the beautiful South is  the proper classification of the negro  laborer, snys nn exchange, lt is difficult for a northern workingman to appreciate why any trouble should be experienced on account of the colored  worker. Yet the falrest-mlnded men In  the fnlry South stnnfd bewildered nt  nny proposition that suggests for the  black man recognition on an equal buhls with the white man. The American  Federation of Labor, and nil of lt��  afllllatcd international unions, emphatically refuses to draw any color llno.-  All workers are eligible for membership In these organizations, Irrespective  of sex, color, creed or nationality. It  desires that all the tollers of our continent should come within its jurisdiction, and the one qualification necessary is that each one is a wage-earner. Trades unionls'ts In the South fn-  for the organization of colored workingmen in separate unions, but there  are many instances where they are or-  UNION MEN TAKE NOTICE.  Greeting: The Tobacco Workers of  Canada appeal to you for assistance  ae-alnst the unfair conditions which  prevail in the factory of the McDonald  Tobacco Co., of Montreal, Quebec.  Please write a letter'to the firm of McDonald Tobacco Co., Montreal, Quebec,  notifying them of your objection to  using their brands of tobacco until such  time as they see fit to put the blue  label of the Tobacco Workers' International union upon them. Also induce  tlie dealer to do the same? to handle  only brands of tobacco bearing the  union label. Plase notify E. Lewis  Evans, rooms 56 and 57, American National Bank building, Louisville, Ky.,  as to tlie result of the action of your  organization. Fraternally yours,  HENRY FISCHER,  President Tobacco Workers' International union.  Louisville, Ky., April a, 1901.  FROM SLOGAN CITY.  - There is prospects of a good summer  here. Rents are going up, real estate  In rising in value and several wild cats  ore being sold.  Thos. Montgomery and Dave Sutherland have sold the Republic for $7,000  cash. I  We firmly believe In the public ownership of the refineries and smelters of  this district. By the way, the prohibitionists of Ontario are out for public  ownership ot tlie liquor truffle, and we  expect soon to see a socialist govorn-  nient In power there.  There Is a Inrge number of Idle men  in this camp. The snow Is going fast,  nnd the streets arc crowded with bicycles and baby carriages.  A grand ball was held here on Enster  Monday In the Music hall in aid of tho  funds of the city brassi band.  Eggs, 30 cents a dozen. Easter greetings.  AS OTHERS SEE US.  Tlie Vancouver Independent has begun its second year. No other labor  paper In Amirecp. over made greater  progress during its first year. Long lite  aiid continued success to The Independent.���Seattle Union Record.  The barbers of Los Angeles have organized with Su members.  Messrs. Ed. Day and Larry Duggan,  labor candidates, have been elected al-  dirmcn for Butte City, Mont.  General Secretary Charles E. Nor-  deck. of the Shirt, Waist and Laundry  Workers' union, reports the formation  of six new unions, with an Increased  membership of 40). A strike has been  In progress for three months ln Glens  Fulls. N. Y., against a reduction of  fiom-16 to 14 cents per hour. The  number of members affeoted by this  strike has been reduced from 36 to 24.  Secretary G. W. Perkins, of the Cigarmakers' International union, reports that the organization'continues  prosperous notwithstanding the attempt of large non-union- manufacturers to organize a trust ln their trade.  The union asks the active support of  organized labor for the cigarmakers'  blue label. The result of the election  for international officers held recently  shows a total vote of 22,805; of which  G. W. Perkins, president, obtained 14,-  037, a plurality of S.0S1 over J. .Mahlon  Barnes, socialist, and a majority of  5,-GO over all.  William J. Gllthorpe, general secretary  of  the  Brotherhood    of    Boiler-  makes and  Iron  Shipbuilders,  reports  tlie formation of eight new unions, and  Increase   In   membership,   283.   Strikes  for a 10 per cent, increase of wages,  affecting 2S3 members, have been pending from flve to eight weeks In Buffalo  and Hornellaville, N. Y.; Meadville and  Susquehanna,   Penn.,   and   Dayton,  O.  The five weeks' strike In Newport, R.  I., has been won and the men have received a 10 per cent, increase in wages.  The strike in Rocky Mount, N. C, has  been compromised satisfactorily.  . XV. D. Mahon, secretary of the Amal  gamated Association of Street Railway  Employees  of   America,    reports   that  while the returns from the various divisions for the year are somewhat slow  In .coming in, over 60 have reported up  t6"dat"r*and tfie 'rep'orts'*shoV**that'25  divisions pay * sick    benefits    ranging  from  $3  to <5  per week, and  that in  the past year they have paid out in  ���sick  benefits   $4,364.50.      Returns   also  show that' there has been donated by  local divisions to outside unions S1.6S3.-  15  to assist  them    in    their    various  struggles.   Seventeen divisions    report  that they have increased wages during  the past year, and 14 divisions report  that they have decreased the hours of  labor during the same time.   The returns so far show that 10 divisions arc  working   a   straight   0-hour   day,   and  that   nine  divisions    are    working    a  straight 10-hour day; four divisions a  straight 11-hour day; five divisions a  straight l_-hour day, and six divisions  e working from S to 10 1-2 hours per  day;  six  divisions    from    9  to 12 1-2  hours per day; and five divisions from  10  to 12 1-- hours    per   day;  two divisions are wonking 12 to 13 hours per  day, one division working from 7 to 16  hours per day, and one division working 14 to 16 hours per day.  perdition freezes over and then continue the controversy on the Ice. In  such a contest some will' get It where  the oxen wears the yoke, but the fittest will survive, and one whole man  with Iron In his blood, who has been  timed���tried and Are���testel and proven  to be the genuine article, Is of more  value to mankind than a million little  bacteria, the product of good fortune  and fish-blood, whose struggle for existence has been a gala day procession  ���mental weaklings brought up on s  cut-glass suok-bottle by the political  ���-���'tep-father'of sumptuary law."  The Amalgamated Society of Carpenter:. & Joiners held their regular meeting on Tuesday evening last. There  was a good attendance. President J.  G Davidson occupied the chair for the  first time, and filled lt very ably. There  were three more applications for mem-  be-i-hlp. It is to be hoped that every  caipenter In the city will soon come  into line.  Grant McAuthor, a member of the  Retail Clerks' Association, is the proud  father of a baby boy. As this Is census time, Mac. thinks his son shouid be .  counted five times. The lltle one weighed eight pcunds and made its debut on  Saturday, April 6th. The proud father  wears a smile all wool and three yords  wide.     Congratulations,   Mac.  A meeting of the railroad trackmen;  and bridgemen will be held in Union  hall on Satuiday night to complete organization and Install oflicers. This Is  a branch of the order that extends from  the Atlantic to the Pacific, and is a  body of men who are hard worked and  under paid. The Independent wishes  them luck.  A grand concert will be held on  Wednesday evening, April 17th, In the  Theatre Royal under the auspices, of  the Letter Carriers' Association, Some.  of the best talent in the city will qsslst <���  In the programme which will be announced later.  Mr. Harry Buckle, a well-known Vancouver typo'has-br'anchedput.Into the'-  job printing business, his office being  In the Flack block. Harry Is a first-  class workman and will do the square  thing by his patrons.   Give him a trial.  Mr. R. Altken has been elected president of Texada Miners' Union, No.  113, W. F. of M., vice M. W. Hewett resigned, and Mr. Alfred Raper, of Van-  Anda, secretary, vice R. J. Lund resigned.  A TEMPERANCE LECTURE.  Warren G. Davenport of the Butte  Revllle says of prohibition; "The Idea  that keeping liquor out of one's sight  when young strengthens his moral will  to resist it when older, I call the concentrated quintessence of tommyrot. I  do believe that If the very creeks,  "sprlngs_and-i1'vers_in-Kansiu_-flowed  pure wine and boor, there would be  be so much drunkenness. Too -careful  parents could not then 'keep liquor from  their sons until they had attained the  proper ngc for going to thcldcvll. They  would grow up familiar with its use  and the dangers of its abuse, the same  us their granddads, when nearly every  family kept pure liquor Tn the house  and the prohibition crank had not commenced to fill all heaven and earth  with his cyclones of lawless gibberish  and wild tornadoes of resounding gab.  Life Is ono battle from the cradle to  the collln. Hard knocks Is what makes  the whole mini. The majestic hickory  tree was never Intended for the conservatory or tbe full-grown man for the  mental or moral kindergarten. The  hlokory tree to attain Its full growth  must face the elements and take Its  chances of being split wide open by the  lightning bolt; the full grown man to  attain the highest typo of manhood  must be .knocked against tho horny  shins of Fate, buck up against the  world, the flesh and the devil, thus developing that type of manhood In tho  school of experience that will enable  him to scrap against adversity until  Vice-PYes. Hugh Wilson occupied the  chair at Thursday night's meeting of  the United Brotherhood of Carpenters &  Joiners. There was a good attendance  wher- two new members were made.  Frank Rogers of the Fishermen's Union has resigned his delegateship to the  Trades and Labor council.  UNION OIGIAR FACKXR-EE.  Following is 0. list of the Union oigar factories in Brlolsh Oolumlbha wfoo>  use 'the blue lalbeQ:  W. Tletjen, No. 1���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kuntz & Oo. No. 2���Division No. 08,  Vancouver.  M_n_ Oigar Mlamifaxsturlng Company, No. 3���.DivilBlon No. 38, Kamloops,  B. Wlilberg & Co., No. 4���Mvteton No.  38, NCw We_tmJn_tor.  T. Woxstioak, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Ketawnaj Shl-ftP-its" Union Company,.  No. 8���Division No. 38, KeDowna.  Tyiriirih. Utvw, No. 9���'Division No. 38.  Rowland.  Kootenay Olg-T Manufacturing Com-  plany, No. 10���Division No. 38. Neieon.  Moire & Johnson, No. 2���Division No..  37. VHotorta.  M. Bantlloy, No. 5���'Division No. 37r  Victoria.  Island Cigar FVudflory, S. Norman, No..  e-EtfV-don NO- 37, Victoria,  Province Oigar Co,, No. 7���Dlvlsdom  No. 37, Victorta.  A, Sdhnotor & Sons, No. 8���Divlsioni  No. 37, Vfotorta,  P. Cable, No. 9���Division No. 37, Nanaimo.  J. Leiry, No. M���Division No. 37, Victoria.  CM. J. Booth, No. H-0-I\1_lon No. 37,.  Nanalmo.  C. G. BeQmBen���Dlvd-lon No. ��, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,-  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  UNION BAKEOvTEB.      ���  i\V. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant.  IW. "Murray, iPrlor street.  Montreal Bakery, (Westminster avenue.  iF. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings-  street.  iW. D. Kent, an Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street.  Minchen Co., Grnnvlllo street.  (Barnwell OBros., Granville street.  'Largen'& Tupper, Granville street.  ���   *   'J?  SiK-__ysag-o--t-* THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  APRIL 13, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  BBO. BARTLEY  Editor  HARRY OOWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  O0BGAINI8KID  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   .02    HO_E_lt   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE  A week, E cents; month, 16 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, p.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL. AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY.......  APRIL 13, 1901  THE DEATH OF MR. M'LAGAN.  In his 63rd year Mr. John Campbell  McLngiin, the founder and president of  the Vancouver World, passed away at  S.4-3 p. m. on Wednesday at the family  residence, Georgia street. His was an  active career, for lie pressed into his  life work more than is aceomolished  by most men of his years. The deceased gentleman was a Scotchman of  indomitable courage and perseverance.  As a. manager of a dally newspaper  ti the writer knew him best. He was of  the old school of printer-journalists, of  whom a. ivery few now remain. A  Good deal after the style of the late  Hon. George Brown and Horace Greeley, ho was a most exacting and critical  newspaper man. He would be at his  post of duty early and late, as the  work of printing a dally Is never finished, nnd his employees were required  to do their work just so. He was a  man entirely without malice, which  shows more of the public spirit than  any other temperament. As an instance a few minutes after some tropical words had passed between him and  " a Journeyman he returned and said,  "My boy, 1 like a man to stand up  for what he thinks to be right."   This  -was his characteristic in public and  private life. As far as the late gentleman Is concerned he forgave his ene-  irdes, and they were not a few politically, for In politics and public affairs  :,'Mr. McLagan since he.was a boy always took a deep interest, and any  man who becomes active; this way  meets many foes, some of whom never  forgive, as well as countless friends  and admirers. He was ever ready to  express his views both privately and  publicly In a courageous manner that  left no������:. one wondering how "Mac"  stood. Like the late Hon. Chief Justice Davie, to whom he was a devoted  friend and admirer, he always went  Into a political fight, to win, lor tic  dearly loved a battle royal and was  always willing to bear the lion's share  of the brunt of the fray. Mr. McLagan was an old-time Liberal ln-nolitics,  and wns one of the best posted men in  the political history of Canada. Regret Is extended to Mrs. McLagan and  the rest of the family ln her said hour  of affliction. The funeral, which took  iplace yesterday, was largely attended.  Most people desire to get together a  small but useful library, but have not  tbe ready cash to buy the necessary  books. This is th*. class that the silver-tongued book agent seeks to plunder by charging all sorts ot coin for  publications sold on the instalment  plan. To buy books this way is like  paying rent. You pay out a large  amount of money and in the end practically own nothing. Our advice, especially to young men, is to avoid the  so-called philanthropic bbok~ageiit, and"  patronize your local book store, where  you will get value for your money.  Then again if you cannot afford to pay  for brand new books go to the second  linnd book exchange, where often you  can get what you want at half the  price you pay the Yankee book agent.  Our city council should place practically a prohibitive tax on book agents.  In other words, home Institutions  should be encournged.  The report of the very Interesting  speech of Mr. Robt. Macpherson, ex-M.  P. P., on llie stale of the public flnnnces  of this province, made on Wednesday  night before the Lnbor party, has been  unavoidably held over for the next issue. The party are grateful to the  Province for an extended reoort of It.  which may be found in Thursday's Issue of that paper.  Pay up your subsoriptlnn to the Independent. It d'ocs not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your ..import readily to a labor paper.  Hear the extra fine  phonograph at  City.Grocery on Saturday evening.  RAILWAY 1BS1D1ES.  What are we thinking of to barter  away our lands and our hard-earned  cash to benefit the speculator ln railway shares. What right have we to  sell the glorious heritage' of our children and their children, robbing our own  flesh and blood and for what? Not for  either their or our benefit or advantnge,  but to fill the already full coffers of the  man of many and his satelltes. In  days to come we will have our sons  fining tun In their just wrath and saying, "Our fathers were fools If not  worse." Just read what has been done  lr the past. Do you know that you  have already bartered away $204,759,000  in hard cash to bonus railways. Mind  you, this is what has been given in  cash up to June 30, 11100. Just fancy.  TWO HUNDRED AND FOUR MILLIONS, SEVEN HUNDRED nnd FIFTY-NINE THOUSAND DOLLARS.  What have you In return. Let me point  out a few facts of generosity upon the  part of the railway companies as a sort  of return for your noble sacrifice in  giving this large sum of money to them.  You have in return for your gift. First,  you have exorbitant rates. You  thought you would be able to travel nt  a leasonable rate, and that your produce would be carried at a rate which  would enable you to get a silight pro-  lit. Again you have been prevented  from entering into fair competition with  others.  "The New York Central and Parrv  Sound roads are carrying wheat from  3 to 5 cents per bushel for the same  distance nf. we (Manitoba) have tbeen  paying 10V4 cents for. Rates on merchandise are equally exorbitant."���Winnipeg paper.  Wheat is not the only article of a producer upon which such charges are  made. As a matter of fact I have seen  nroduce rotting upon farms in B. C.  because it would not pay to ship it  away at tlie rate of freight charges by  the railway company.  You gave away the hard cash and  worse still you are giving the land and  for. nothing. Its not much, say some,  That's what was said a few years ago,  but just ask the price of a lot of the  land "which was not worth much," and  yoi will find the railway company has  fixed a price which in their opinion  shews that it Is worth thousands of  dollars, and this land ought toi have  been sold to., the people and for the  benefit of the people. All this money,  whether lb the shape of a bonus or ln  ���purchasing land at the high rates demanded from the people comes from  the people, and is gathered by taxation.  I would like to impress upon my readers this fact that every tax direct or  indirect, comes out ofthe individual,  and since all Its product is drawn from  him, we must be careful not to bleed  the victim (the taxpayer) to death. This  Is what we are doing. Winnipeg is  waking up, and I hope British Columbia will do so without delay. The following la a resume of the report sent  by Consul General Blttenger, from  Montreal on the development of Canadian railways, from which the following facts .are taken: On June 30, 1900,  there were in Canada 17,824 miles of  railways. Of this total 17,694 miles were  laid with steel rails, while 591 miles  were doubled tracked. The systems  were owned originally by 153 companies, but by amalgamation of railways  the controlling influence is in the hands  of 86 companies.  The traffic, carried during the year  ended June 30, 1900, comprised 21,500,-  175 passengers, only seven of whom  were killed, and 35.94G.1S3 tons of  freight. The earnings of the roads during the year were $70,740,270, an Increase over the year 1899 of $8,496,486.  The working expenses amounted to  ���$47,699,708, an increase of $6,993,581,  leaving  net  earnings of $23,040,472,  or  CURRENT OPJNION-ALL SORTS.  Cents-able Sentence.  Vancouver cried for a mint and they  gave her coppers.���Siocan Drill.  ��� As to Dignity.  Looking at the question from all  ildes possible to us we cannot see that  a community suffers any loss of dlg-  nley in accepting a gift from Mr. Carnegie when accompanied with reasonable conditions.���Winnipeg Voice.  And the Soup Kitchen Will Come.  The copper cent has struck this already unhappy province nnd is now  legal tender at the coast. In their  wake, if they take hold, will come the  ten-cent shave, the five-cent cigar, the  90 cents bargain and the $1 a day man.  May we be without nny of them for  many a year.���Silvertonian, Sllverton.  Is Prosperity General?  The question of prosperity at the  present time is open for criticism. The  trusts are prosperous; contractors who  have made money in handling supplies  for the army are prosperous; some  large corporations, some manufacturers, some merchants and a few of^thelr  clerks and other employees are tolerably prosperous. But is it general?  Let the business failures, the strikes  and the multitude all over the land  seeking employment answer.���Butte  Reveille.  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want to  excel"even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  Like, all Reformers.  Not long ago Count Leo Tolstl was  excommunicated by the Greek church  of Russia, and now the Russian government has banished the distinguished nobleman. This is the price Tolstl  pays for being a scholar, philosopher,  philanthropist and humanitarian. His  reward Is this, that he is known and  loved by every thinker in the universe  nnd that.his memory will be cherished  when the Russian oligarchy lies forgotten in the dust of ages and the Greek  church is as dead a's the consciences of  its   mentors.���Sandon  Paystreak.  "STTiiW. S04_"more _t HiTn-tlie-prevl6us_ycaf.  The investment of capital In the roads  and equipment was put at $998,268,404,  or roughly, $!i<l,000 a mile. The subsidies given to the railways were as follows:. Dominion government, $137,565,-  CO0; Provincial governments, $31,310,000;  municipal bonuses, $15,881,000.  SOUTHERN CROSS.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  WANTS  TO  KNOW.  Tn tlio Editor of 'i'lir. Inuki'KNUknt:  Sir,���I would like to know what has  become ot the correspondents of thc.re-  tall clerk's association. If they have left  town new press agents should be appointed. Workingmen who read The  Indepepdent want to know all the news  about the trade and union.  WESTMINSTER AVENUE. .,  Vancouver, April 8, 1901.  Convalescents need Eieen Port���"the  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  "The, Seattle Spirit."  The wealthy men of Seattle have  achieved an enviable reputation for liberality, which has come to be known  ns "the Seattle spirit." They will go  down in their pockets to insure a bat  tleshlp contract, a government canal  from ocean to lake, or a totem pole on  Pioneer square. This collective action  is commendable; it redounds to the  credit of.the city���and the profit of  these donors. But are their actions en  tirely unsclfflsh? Would these same  men, who in the glare of publicity give  hundreds to help Seattle, In the privacy of their offices do ns much? There  are real estate holders in this city who  by giving up a tithe of their holdings  could secure manufacturing industries  for Seattle that are now going elsewhere because of the enormous prices  of building sites or the exorbitant rates  of rent. "The Seattle spirit" could give  a very profitable demonstration in this  matter. A.dozen men who own tide  lands In this city could give up a part  of their holdings with no scrio-s financial Inconvenience to themselves. Other  citizens, landless but wealthy, would  assist in securing a considerable amount  of desirable building room. Then Seattle could advertise to the world "free  sites for manufactories." There would  be no killing the boom that would follow.���Seattle Union Record.  ^  'stiHirii/ im*  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND BRAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Phone 442  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  Masscy - Harris aud Stearns  ALL STYLtS BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT   KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best pliice in B. C. to have your  Bicycle repaired.  NOTICE.  XVe are again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the studem  of Public SchoolB of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination with the highest marks in Read  lng, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Com  position and Arithmetic.  For condition! apply to the Principals  of tho Schools or the undersigned.  The 1I.B. A. Vogel Cimimerciiil Oollogo  P.  O.  Box S47. Vancouver, B.   C  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.  WE ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR UNION MADE GOODS.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls and Jumpers, also a  first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion Labor  is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no. sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  EGGS FOR SALE  for Setting, $ 1.50 for IS  BLACK 1AN6&HAN&  Stock took First Prize nt 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  Brockton Point     \y    T)     TriWEWJ  LiKhtliousc. ��.   IJ.   J ONES  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  'Council, President, " Jos. Dixon; ��� vice-  president, John Craw; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 150; financial secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and- third Friday  ln each month, at: 7.30 p. m., in Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, XV.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A.�� Melville:  secretary, A. Rajpor, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden/John Linklater.  CCOKS, WAITERS AND "WAITRESSES'  "Union, Local No. 28. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Porkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundcs; treasurer, Win. Ellcnder. Meeting every B'rlday  at 8.30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOORAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet the Inst Sunday:In eaob  month at Union hall. President, C. 8.  Campbell; vice-president," George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box tt;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E. ���  L. Woodruff, S. It. ltobb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  H. ? Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. ������ G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, P. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Lafbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo, Lenfesty, G. Dlckteand  J.  Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday In Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. McKen-  zie, 487 Ninth avenue; vice-president,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln,. 730 Nelson street;, flnanolal secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georgia  Walker; conductor, Joe. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  TELEPHONE 702.  X00 CORDOyA STREET.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the rjrices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier becr,5ccnts.  Amusements.  The Stiuidnrd Canadian Pianos  IHE GERARD HE1NTZMAN,  IHE BELL, IHE NEffCOMBE  The Standard English Instruments  THE BR0ADW00D/ HUD,  CJHE GOLLARD S GOLLARD.  All the above nt  EOULT'S^MUSIO _STORE,"  540 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplied.  hi m a  512 Westminster Avenue.  BOOKS, STATIONERY  AND FANCY GOODS  SCHOOL BOOKS AND  SCHOOL SUPPLIES  .   Miignzinc Exchange in connection.  A recent cough or cold that "BIG  4 COUGH CURE "will not cure is not  worth curing. |  We Have Received  During the past week one of the best  assortments of dinner and toilet sets  that has ever come to Vancouver, and  at prices never before quoted by anyone. We have 97-piece dinner sets at  55.25, $8.-0, $9.25, $10, $10.75, $12.50, and  higher. Painted toilet sets, fancy'designs, at $1.75, $1.00, $2, $2.50,  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Hqusefurnishings,  406 and 403 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  $AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nesbitt  Manager.  Next Week.  SIX-NEW STARS���SIX  Headed by America's Novelty Gymnasts.  Cole and Cole  introducing their [sensational double-trapeze  act.  Stanley and Woodward  Minona  Emma Hill  together with our strong company of  Vaudeville Stars.  THEATRE ROYAL  " (LATE  AUUMllHA.)  \V. II. Lucas, Thos. SHAitr....Managers  Next Attraction  will be  Announced. Mere  Shortly.  Hotels.  The"  Havlngthe Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  In B. C. which In itself is a guarantee  ol a First-Class Hotel and Kcstaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  The Best Dressers in Town  I'ATUONIZK  The Pioneer  Steam Laundry  Because they get satisfaction.  WHITE HELP ONLY EMPLOYED.  D. MV STEWART, PnopniKTOit,  Pnot*** 346.      910 to 914 JticnARDs St.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for tbe engineering trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���=^>*  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  THIS      PACIFIC      COAST     SHINGLE ���  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. in Un-  Jon hall,, corner Duiiau'uir and Homer  streets. J.' Stoned "vice-president: . H. J.'  Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2-  Meets second and fourth Wednesday In  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Boer: corresponding secretary, E,  Tlir.mlns, 726 Hamilton streot; Ilnancial  secretary, J. H. MoVoty, 1211 Seymour  streot.  jnrnKNVMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AM13RICA, No. 178���Meets alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President, P. Williams; vice-president. Miss  Graham; recording secretary, II. O. Bur-  ritt: '.Inunclal secretary, Tromalne Best;  treasurer, C. E. Ncilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daoust.  VICTORIA TRAiDES AND, LAROK  Council mcetB every: alternate Wednesday at 8 p.-m. In Sir William Wallace  hall. President. W.M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Tagg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. McNIven, P. O. box 302, Victoria:  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery;Treasurer, A. Hay: sergeant-  at-armSj T. Masters.  ROBT. HINTLY,  PROP  Tbe Balmoral  . . MAKES A gPRc'uLTY'or ...  o    Dewar's special Liqueur, oiso ��� .  o    usher's Black la&eiLiQueur wnisky  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IM POUTED AND DOMESTIC  . Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  CoasER Cordova and Carrall.  COR. SEYMOUR AND CORDOVA STS  (near C. P H. Station.)  Fine old English Ale, Stout and Beer;  best old Scotch and Irish whisky; domestic and imported Cigars. Everything up to the handle  The best Cough Cure is "BIG 4'  have you tried it?  THE VANCOUVER LAHOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday In each monih In Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartley; first vice-president.  Geo. Wilby: second vice-president, T. H.  Crose; recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial secretary. John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  VANCOUVER FISHERM'KN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In ? La'bor Hall. Homer  street,--every-flrst-and-llilrd-Sa turday-ln-  C'Cli month at 8 p. m. Alex.?Bruce, president; Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street.  JOl.KNl'.VMliN' MAKERS'. AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'!. Union nf  America, Local, No. _G; Vancouver, B. C.  President, Jas. Wobster; vice-president,  It. F. McDonald; recording secretary,  Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  F. Rawllnir.��� ii<n Granville street, room 10;  financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 113 Powell  street; treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moylcs; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling. ���   .. ~  BROTHER.IIOOD OP PAINTERS AND  IE ORA'IOPS. Local Union No. 138.  Meets every Thursday In Labor hull. Preceptor, .XV. Davis; 'president, W. Pnvlcr;  vIce-piTsidont, E. Crush: recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1759 Eighth avenue, Enlr-  vlew: financial secretary, . W. llalllday,  Elesmere House; treasurer, II. MeSorley; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  Colo.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tucsdaj,  In room No. 2, Labor Hall. President J.  Davidson; secretary, J. T. Bruce. 528 Harris   strejt.  ERS" UNION, NO. 357���  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month  In Union hall. President, A. Kochel; vlce-  picsldent, C. Crowder; secretary, G.  Thomas, Jr., 148 Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergcant-at-  nrms, J. W. Brat; delogates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  THE RETA1T/ CLERKS' INTERNAT-  IONAJ-. PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in .O'Brien's Hall,' the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2,022 Westminster Avenue. raAXUKPAT -APRIL 13, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  A VOICE FBOM THE PAST.      .  ���Methlnka" I Jiear some one saying is  5ie looMi at the heading of this article,  what have we to do' with   the' past?  Well, in one way hot much, and yet in  another way a great deal.   XVe sometimes say to ourselves, what's past is  jinst, and yet that is not true. 'In a  ���sense what i~_ past Ib paBt.   What was  .once a living present has become a  txhing ot the past, either stored up In  ithe archlvles of history 'or    memory,  .and  through  these we see how man  lived  and  died.   And  yet  that    very  ���thing which we say is past is still with  :us,  and  we  are  what  the  past  has  >mnde us.   It is well, no doubt, for us  to .think of the present, but we cannot  ���appreciate the'present stage of our Industrial development ;wc cannot appreciate  the 'progress mnde,  the    things  achieved,  the battles fought and the  -victories won, unless we go back and  ���walk,  foot  by  foot,  over  the  ground  travelled liy the human race.   'Tls then  *we get to know something about the  ' .conditions and struggles of the past,  .out of which our present   conditions  have sprung, and by. means of which  ���we can both feel and say, the present  ���with all its limitations and ^drawbacks  Is a thousand miles ahead of the past.  In other words, while we may have  jDur Industrial difficulties and injustices  ���to-day,   which   demand   our  be3t  and  ���wisest  efforts  to  overcome  them,  yet  v -when we look back and see how our  fellow-workers   fared in the past,   we  cannot but be thankful that our lot was  to be born in the 19th and 20th centuries rather than in the 17th and 18th.  ���_U>t  us see  then what  the past  has  .got to tell us with regard to our evolution.  In   1776   Adam  Smith  published  his  ���famous book. Wealth of Nations.  Previous to this the theory of trade was  ���to 'produce as little as possible,  and  .oven exports were limited except in exchange  for gold   or  bullion!      In  the  middle ages society was composed of  ���well-defined  classes,  each    above  the  .other.   No one could work at any trade  ���unless he had served seven yeurs of  an apprenticeship,' and the law fixed  ihis working? day at twelve hours, and  _a maximum of remuneration, to be assessed periodically by the magistrates,  so as to yield a convenient proportion  ot wages.   I enn imagine that the masters would see that the worker work-  .ed his twelve hours, but the    wages  -coming in such   hands    would he as  .scant as possible, for the reason that  ���the magistrates would favor, as they  uilways do, the master more than the  ���worker.   This was what might be called paternal government, and one which  left the wonkcr ln a seml-servlle condition.   With Adam Smith's book! came  the dawn of a new condition of things',  but whether for better or worse we  shall see as we proceed.   The Wealth  ��� of   Nations   was   the   manufacturers'  book  or  Bible,   for  we  get  in   it  the  philosophy of competition,  which was  ���now beginning to be the pet drenm of  the capitalist. The individual comes into prominence.   He Is everything.   He  stands apart from all other beings.   He  is self-sufficient for the purposes of his  life, and has wisdom suftilcient to enable him to see where his Interests He.  Self-interest  is  his    star    in  life,  by  ���means of which he Is Impelled to act.  And self-interest Is the only    motive  which  parliament can recognize.   The  business  of  the   state was simply to  Keep the ring clear, and let the combatants fight it out.   New teaching was  ���also given on other things.   Wealth for  ���example wajs declared  to be based on  utility.   This utility was not something  in the  article, but was simply what  wculd be given for it in a free market.  Value was thus fixed  by unrestricted  -competition. In 1817 Rlcardo came with  another doctrine dear to the.heart of  the  capitalist.   He declared  that capital was the fund out of which labor  was maintained. .Malthus In 1'flS had  Freedom of trade. How well It sounds,  and -yet',when one> remembers how that  supposed' principle necessary, to tbe  prosperity and happiness of the community was used, one sickens at the  way words can delude human beings.  The perfect liberty of every individual  to dispose of his time and of his labor  in the way and on the terms-which he  may Judge most conducive to his own  interests. Oh, how befiutlfully that  reads. Methlrnks the worker who read  It iflrst would Jump from' his scat, and  with hands uplifted would shout. This  mn'kes me a free man. I can dispose  of my time and my labor ln any way  and at. any price I���I think fit. I am  the man from Galway. Poor thing. He  did not perhaps see far enough to see  that this principle also deemed of the  first importance towards promoting the  prosperity and happiness of the community, was yet to lead him step by  step till lt brought him into the meanest of servitudes, and into the most  hopeless of conditions. The old mediaeval Idea protected the standard of  lite. This swept away any protection  he. ever had, and drove him out like  another Adam from his small Eden to  work out his salvation by competition.  PHIZ.  OTTAWA LETTER,  (To be continued.)  The Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the   corner  of Carrall and Hustings streets.   Cane  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  When you want to hire a flrat-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Drink Ked Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75e pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  discovered the wages fund, so If labor  was paid out of capital, nnd wages  were regulated by competition, then  according to the Mnlthu'slnn gospel,  ���since population will grow far faster  than the means of subsistence, wages  will sink to the lowest level. Strange  to sny all this was hailed as a glorious  gospel of glnd tidings. But what did  It mean? Closely criticised It mennt  complete freedom of action for the capitalist, nnd it meant complete slavery  Tor the worker. The gospel spread. It  had ninny 'enthusiastic bishops and  mlcsloniirles, and so successful were  these mlssionarlr.3 that ln 1811 a select  committee of the English House ot  Commons reported "that no Interference of the legislature with the freedom of trade or with the perfect liberty of every individual to dispose of  his time nnd of his labor In the way  and on the terms which he may Judge  most conducive to his own interests,  can take place without violating gen-  . oral principles of the first Importance  to the prosperity and happiness of the  ��� community."   There you ha/ve the trl-  ��� umphant ascendancy of Individualism  rand competition in our Industrial life.  POLITICS CREATES DISCORD.  They are having a hot old time in  the St. Louis Central Trades and Labor Union. McArthur Johnston, the  prcsi'dent of the organisation, accepted  a place on the Democratic city ticket  for a public oflice, and the socialist delegates demanded that he resign, claiming that no candidate for political office could consistently be president of  the central'union. This caused a stir,  of course, and Mr. Johnston wrote out  his resignation, which was accepted liy  vote at a very inharmonious meeting.  Mr. Johnston then suggested that as  he was not (qualified to fill the presiding chair he was not qualified to be a  dtlegate, so he resigned that, too, adding that all other delegates who were  candidates for office on any ticket  shoulti also resign. But that was a  horse of another color. It appears that  the socialists do not look upon the Socialist-Democratic party as a political  organisation. They claim it to be a  mere labor party and,as such should  not be classed with the Republican  and Democratic party. And there you  are. There seems to" be a lack of harmony ln other union organizations on  this, very question. Only lost week we  read of Carpenters' Union No. 11, of  Cleveland, withdrawing its delegates  from the Central Union on account of  the persistent effort to make It a socialistic body. In what this lack of  harmony will result no one can tell,  but surely no goo'd can come of it. If  the Socialist-Democratic party Is a political party lt should be treated by labor unions Just In the same way they  treat the Republican and Democratic  parties. If It Isn't a political party,  then���what is it?���Youngstown, Ou La-  bc-rite. "  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit vou: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. ICllis.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold  Seal'Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  THE  KING AND THE POSTMAN.  The Postman's Gazette, of Glasgow,  says: "An admirable instance of the  King's interest in the life of even his  humblest subjects whs provided at  Piogmore recently. As the old Wind-  tor postman, Charles Smith, was riding  a venerable tricycle through the Royal  grounds to deliver letters, King lid-  ward, who wns taldng an early morning walk, stopped hlni and chatted  pleasantly for some time with the letter-carrier, miking him all sorts of  questions, and especially about the machine he uses to help him to cover his  ground."  See the handsome phonograph which  the City Grocery is giving absolutely  free.   Ask for a, ticket.  '  Cultivated labor drives out brute la-  bcr.���Emerson.  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  never faJls to completely cure a cold  wtrhln 24 hours. Gives Instant reltof���  gua;vaj��t��ed, your mroney back. 25c.  box at McDowell, Atflslns, Watson Co.  [Specially..Wruien for Tux Independent.)  Ottawa. April 2, 1901.  I  thank .goodness, the   budget   debate  Is over.   If you had sat In the  gollery for nearly two weeks- day and  night listening to all sorts of would-be  oratory on one thing and another, role  vunt and irrelevant, to the point and a  thousand miles away from the point,  such would have been your exclamn  tlon.   You  talk about cruelty to anl  mals, I wonder If the time will ever  come when a society will be formed for  the protection of the representatives of  the   people   from   oratorical   bores.   I  can assure you thnt such a society Is  urgently required, and perhaps the existing society which Is doing so much  for cats,  dogs and horses  might extend Its scope and include the-animal  man.   It  l's  strange  how   things  run.  As I haive said this debate ran on for  nearly two weeks, and yet in the closing hours so many wanted to serve up  hashed  and rehashed    dishes, lhat it  was four in  the morning before the  division  bells were rung,  calling the  members from their couches to record  their rotes.   Some   were    sleeping  on  chairs, sofas; beds, and as they started  up. we could easily see how tired nature felt outraged.   The Issue was as  might  be   expected.   The   government  has  a big  sweeping  majority,  taking  with  them  as  against   the  opposition  every    Independent    member   of    the  house.   Even  Conservatives,  like   Mr.  Calvin    and     Mr.    Jabel    Robinson,  could not stand the old would-be national policy, and voted against their  party.   So far ns this house is concerned It is strongly wedded to tlie preferential tariff, and to a tariff for revenue  only.   And the government has a free  lu-nd to move slowly and wisely In the  direction  of  lessening the burdens of  the people.  A Labor Member.  One speech deserves notice, and  that was the speech of Mr.  Ralph Smith. Many were anxiously  awaiting his debut. He had been for  some time taking notes, and when he  rose In the seat of the member for  Burrard, members rushed in and gave  him both a good house and a warm reception. He was in fine fettle, and  spoke well and to the point. He was  followed with close attention and as he  pierced the armor again and again of  the soldiers of protection he was eni  thusiastlcally cheered by the Liberal,  members. He won golden opinions for  his effort, and the constituency of Na^  nalmo and the labor men of Canada  ought to be Justly proud of their representative. He Is a wclcomo acquisition  to the real debating talent of the  house, and that Is saying a great deal.  Civil Servants.  Last Wednesday, and It Is now the last  which private members will have this  session, for the government as taken  all the days now, there was an Interesting debate over civil senvants. They  nre specially favored in that they need  not pay their debts unless they like,  and if all stories be true, there arc  quite a lot of them who don't like.  This is neither fair"nor just, merchants complain, and justly so,  In that they hnve no recourse to  compel a civil servant to pay his contracted debts, and working men complain. In that they have to pay for  those who shield themselves behind the  present unfair law. That Is what it  means, for deny it who will, the merchant Is forced to compel those who are  willing to pay not only their own debts  but also the debts of those who are  specially exempted by class legislation.  There are good grounds for dissatisfaction therefore. Tho civil servant is  just as able to pay for what he buys  under promise to pay as any other man  in the community. In many respects  lie is more able, and if he was liable  like-other-citizens-ten chances-to-one  he would be more careful In what he  buys, and how ho lives. The question  Is not so much are there civil servants  who evade their debts, but Is it right  lhat they should be placed in a different  and moro favorable position in the eyes  of the law than any other citizen. The  point was very ably discussed, and  though fpr the present the injustice remains, yet the opposition to it Is so  strong and so'influcntlal that reform is  in the nir.  Union Label Bill.  Our old friend, the Union Label bill,  has once moro bobbed up serenely. So  far ns the house of commons Is concerned there Is no doubt as to Its success. It hns passed successfully twice  through the commons' nnd would again  If the chnncc came up to do so. The  Senate, or the conservative majority In  the Senate, Is the lion In the way, and  as old tories never learn wisdom, there  Is little hope of success In that chamber till Providence clears the deck. Mr.  O'Donoghue, whose lnterst In this  bill is as great as ever, even although  he.is a government official, after consultation with friends, decided to have  this measure introduced this year first  in_ the Senate.   His reason for so acting Is this:   He knows that there is no  difficulty with  the  representatives of  the  people;  they will  vote all  right;  and so he brings it up ln the Senate,  where the chance is slightest.   If lt will  ras the Senate, the rest Is easy.   If it  dees not pass the Senate, then he feels  that there 13 no use In troubling the  house of commons.   Senator   Temple-  man, who has always warmly supported the principle of the bill, has lt In  charge, and every effort will be made  to  rush  It  through,  but���that but 1b  significant.   I haive r.o hope of success.  Still it Is coming.   The majority now  Possessed by the old tories   is   very  slight, and one year more should make  a change favorable to the union label.  We must wait, and will wait patiently,  but all the 'same it Is very aggravating  that death Is necessary In order to get  the legislation the people demand.  The Composition of the Senate.  This is a point that now should receive the   attention   of the   working  classes of this country.   As the Senate  Is now constituted no labor man can  be satisfied.   AH classes of the people  should    be represented   in lt,  but all  classes are not, and that Is where the  ���shoe pinches.   We have only really one  class, and that is the money class.   Of  course, you may break them up into  liberals and  conservatives,   and   you  may  further classify    them  as    merchants, manufacturers and'politicians,  but there is no representative in that  chamber of the working classes, and  that Is what we want to get at.   When  questions  affecting  capital    and    our  manufacturing interests come up, these  have  an  overwhelming  body of  men  there  to represent them,    but    when  points come up affecting labor there Is  not one there who can speak with authority.   It is to be hoped, therefore,  that   the   working   classes   will insist  that some men from .the ranks of labor  u  will be appointed, who will on that account be recognized-as the representatives of labor. The majority of the  people should ln all fairness be represented.  The Referendum.  Last' week Mr. Ralph Smith Introduced a motion, which will be seconded by Mr. Geo. R. Maxwell���by the  way, another true labor knight on the  floors of parliament���on the referendum, but as the government has taken  away all the days now devoted to such  things, there will be no chance this  session for discussing the questions as it ought"/to be. "We  all have, however, a battle royal  over It next session. Mr. Puttee, the  labor member for Winnipeg, Is up in  arms against the railway deal of the  Manitoba government. This Is a question so grave, and so far reaching, as  to merit the fullest discussion. Not  only so, but as the people have never  really' been consulted, it should have  been referred to them for their approbation or condemnation. It is a question which shows how important the  referendum is, and will convert many  to clamor for its adoption as a part of  our system of government. Easter  is near at hand .and with its coming  the snow and the .cold are going. A  new life is coming; may this be prophetic of a newer and better social life,  from which many, If not all, of our  present sore spots will be eliminated.  PHIZ.  P. O. BOX 296. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  MONOGRAM,       '    MABGUEBITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      f^G^w_^  Tha >��� King Qualitr " Shod has b���� awsaUd the OoM MeJ-B  -Ih* highiMt award at t_�� Paris Expo-Won. All flood- ttomfol ��<��  UNION LABEL,   B�� inn that �� Kiog Quality" la branded oa yev aheM, wU0  means parfeotjjjat'sfaotion.  Made by THE J. P. KING CO., Limited, TorenfB.  Greenlees Brothers.  LORNE, RARE OLD and  O. B. LflQUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to anq other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street.   '  A SOLUTION.  Mr. XV. H. Ellis, of Victoria, offers a  reasonable solution of the torture'd  question of restricting Oriental immigration, and one which if followed, he  claims, would accomplish the object  aimed at without giving offence to  either party concerned. Briefly, it Is  as follows: The federal and provincial governments should petition ' the  Imperial government to enter Into  treaties with Japan and China on behalf of Canada, providing that subjects  of._elther country as immigrants shall  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Bye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  While your strength anl years permit, you should endure labor; bowed  old age will soon come on with silent  foot.���Ovid.  Luck is ever waiting for something  to turn up. Labor with keen eyes and  strong will, will turn up something.  Luck relies on chance, labor on character.��� Cobden.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  not enter the other in greater number  than say one hundred in any one year.  Such treaties could be entered Into  without Indignity of either party to  tlie contract, and would furnish no  ground for reprisal or resentment in  any' way. The immigration of Japanese and Chinese Into Canada la of as  little concern to the government of  these two countries as is the Immigration of Canadians Into Japan and China to tho Canadian or Imperial governments. Such a mutual understanding In the matter Is Infinitely'more desirable from a national standpoint than  the passing ot petty restrictive and  labor laws, which give grave offence  to friendly nations, only bear hardly on  an lnllnlteslmnlly small number ol  their subject's, and In the end fall to  accomplish the object sought. If the  solution suggested above is possible,  and is utilized, it would cause a general feeling of relief in legislative, diplomatic and labor circles, arid would  prevent much class antagonism and  heartburning agitation.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once   used, always  used.   Apply at Office of  Canadian  >;*^;PAjGtt#i-<c;:  and  $00  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Rocife  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points ln Canada and the United States,  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TSAIH  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILING FOR JAPAN AND  CHINA.  Empress of China February Mth  Empress of India March 25t_i  Empress of Japan April 15th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  8AIUK0 FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Warrimoo March 8tl>  Miowcra April 5tb,  Aorangi May 3rd,  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc*  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATEB,  A. Q.P.A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B, C. 428 Eastings St,  Vancouver, B. O  To cure la grippe inside of 48 houru  tako FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE  CURE. Guaranteed. 25c. box at McDowell, Atkins,* Watson Co.  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Layfield's Old Stand.  Newest  and  Best  Clothing  Store in Vancouver.  EVERYTHING TO CLOTHE MEN AND BOYS  Closed at 6 o'clock, except  on Saturdays.  70 CORDOVA STREET.  From Their Nanalmo, Southlleld and  Protection Island Collieries, ���  Steam, Qa$  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened __,urap,  Run of tlie Mine,  Washed Nut and  Scncnlnfto,  SAMUEL M. ROBIN'S, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  Why do you cough when " BIG 4  COUGH GURE " will care you. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. _,., ~s.wt ATRILr. Itf Utttl  DRIFTWOOD.  Balltand run by   Luo Vernon.  Baainess rooms Anyrold place.  Httorial room Whererer my rent li paid.  (Piecea washed upby the tide, boomed, sawed.  ^j,     . .    ..    _.. __..., 1  Mid ���_,   borrow and steal The Independent in order  that they may enjoy a little aunshlne aa they  Journey through this Tale of tears.]    . o uae, Doomea, sawea,  , ��� and piled for the perusal and paBtime of  sld-up subscribers, also (or those who beg.  When a woman says a song is sweetly sorry  you may know sho Just loves to be sad.  Probably tho future looks dark because  coming ercnts cast tlieir shadows before them.  Practico makes perfect, and whon some girls  practice on the piano it makes a perfect nuisance.  No married man has business bossing around  In the kitchen. If you don't believe me, ask  your wife.  Many a man who prides himself on his  ataunch adherence to principles ia merely bull-  beaded.  The girl that polishes up tbe cook stove until  lt shines like " Dad's Dinner Pail" will make a  good wife for any man.  A young husband in Vancouver culls his wife  "Birdie".because, he says, "slio is always  associated in mind with a bill.  Now doth the tramp, who, lodged in jail,  Defied the wintry day,  in sadness wish he might get ball  Before the 1st of May.  The average wife will believe her husband  when he tells her he saw a whale swimming in  the street, but she will never credit his explanation of a long linlr on his coat.     .  ~   Tis now, just now, that spring is here,  And lovely woman's flllin' her  Soul with joy and hubby with fear  By studying the ads, of the milliner.  Can't be Heat.  Chas. Dennett, the tonsorial artist iu the  Savoy barber shop, says that near Portland,  Oregon, a farmer lost a large number of hogs  lrom diabetes. They were fed with sugar  beets, and when they died there wus great demand for sugar-cured pork, hums, and bacon.  But Charlie is such a joslicr, you know.  Old winter witli all Ills-faults -  And a glorious lot he's shown���  There's this to be said of him;  He has plenty of good backbone.  Some men have an Idea that they always  possessed money; never was out ol a job: never  broke; neve'r was glad to receive assistance  from a friend. A inuii who works lor wages,  who never was out of employment, nnd never  asked a favor is a freak. A man in this city  lost his position a few days ngo as bartender ih  a saloon. Being in need of a "Collins" he  asked for the same. The man behind the.bar,  who is employed by the same firm as bartender,  rang up 15 cents for the, Collins. Moral: never  be out of work, out of money, and expect to  nnd a friend. If you domed one, drop dead.  This settles all obligations.  Too Mucli Together.  Everyday in Seattle the courts have clients  before them begging to be relieved from the  bonds of matrimony. Either a husband has  been beating his wife, and perhaps throwing  the ill-cooked dinner in lier face, or the wife  has been bullying her husband: One or the  othor party to the solemn contract is always  ficoking  relief.' 'Probably : the hardships of  .married life bear particularly harshly on the  poor. They have not the means to seek a little  distraction from each other's society. Their  house space is conllncil, often, indeed, to one  room, and they must needs see ouch other at  all times, whether tlieir tempers arc bad' or  their nerves shuttered. A good many marriages would be huppicr if husband and wife  could or would consent to see a little less of  each.other, say, tnke their holidays apart, or  one��� go to church while the other goes to  chapel. To my mind, whatever may have been  tho moral character of llcliogabnlus he showed  . much wisdom1 when lie "brought tho moon  ironr Carthuge and weeded her in mystic marriage : to the sun." That was probably a most  happy union. The parties seldom see 'each  other and never met.  Tho Hotel Clerk.  The hotel clerk is u young man who was  originally created to fill an emperor's throne or  adorn u dukedom, but when he grew up, there  being fewer thrones and (loins than there wero  . emperors and dukes, he was temporarily forced  to take a position behind a hotel register. His  chiel characteristics ure dignity of bearing,  radiant gorgeoii3ness of apparel, haughtiness  of manner, and jewelry. His principal duties  consist in hammering on the call-bell, In handing guests the wrong keys to their rooms, and  leccping a supply of tooth-picks on the end of  the desk. When all his time is not taken up  with the performance of these arduous duties  ~hc will condescend to explain to a guest that lie  does not know whether tlie cast bound train  leaves at 2 p.m. or not, und if the guest insists on enticing further inforiiiatiou.out oi him  he will probably hand him a last yeur's'ofllcial  railroad time-tnble. No matter how crowded a  .hotel is, the hotel clerk always finds one room  left for the lute arrival. When tlio latter kicks  about it when he is leaving next day because  it was on the third floor and was furnished  with nothing but abed, a bar of soap, and a  crack in tho celling, tliu clerk tells him that if  he had been stuying another day he could have  had an excollont room in the house which  would ho vacated after brciikfnst by a gentleman who was leaving on the noon train: To  our certain knowledge the gentleman has been  loavlng that excellent���that "best room in tho  house" every to-morrow for the last twenty  years.  Keep It Up.  I dolt my hat to the earnest souls ln Kansas  City, who, in the sacred name ol pure and  undented womanhood, object to female figures  ln advertising. Keep lt up, ladles. Do hot stop  with the grinning disgrace to her sex whose  rounded calves Hash upon us from the bill*  boards. Be not content with suppressing the  generous revelations of the music hall clrce.  Make the unabashed l'hryne of the magazines  wear a sealskin jacket between her corset and  her satin halftono bosom. No, no, unterrlfled  champions of an unpointed household; don't  stop here: Demand, no less upon esthetic than  upon moral grounds, the abolition of the woman wuo gives testimonials to makers of patent medicines. You know her, my pure-  minded friends. Her cross-hatched leatures  seem Indeed to be hewn from old cheese. Her  hair has tliu sinuous seductiveness ol telephone wire, and her gown is a crime against  good dressmuklng. She usually says that  seventy-six bottles of Dr. Foolfleecer's dande*  lion distillation made her "feel like another  woman." Also, that no mortal skill could  make her. look like one I Alas, also for the  conscientiousness ol the artist, who would not  soften a single line of ugliness. The patent  medicine woman frequently remarks that she  hns "been snatched from tiie arms of death."  I have no doubt that the king of terrors gave  her up resignedly, not to say cheerfully. Let  us get rid of this dreadful creature, ladies, and  wc shall not mourn If the Aphrodite iu sunt,  tary underclothes continues to entice us in our  own favorite magazine.       ?\ ,.  ln most cases���who would refute to "wipe  glasses" would he out of a job, for there are  many so-called barkeepers willing to work who  will "wipe glasses," do the porter work, stand  both shifts If necessary, run errands, and split  wood II he thought it would raise hini in the  estimation ot the proprietor. It might be  added here that there are barkeepers working  behind the bar in Vancouver who ought to be  doing porter work, and there is also a few porters who should be doing the bartenders work.  So long as times are as qulto in Vancouver as  they are at present, we can refer to bartenders,  if we chose as "wiper of glasses" and be telling  the truth, To make a distinction as to the  "wiper ot glasses" why don't the barkeepers  organise a union, which is ossentlal now ln  civilized communities. In Iluttc, Montana,  one ol the strongest organizations in the city is  the Bartenders, union.  ���Luk Vbhnon.  The Evening Lights.  There is a sect in Maryland to-duy called  " The Evening Lights," who hold to the belief  of a Divine healing and the attainment of a  holy state in this life. An eminent surgeon of  Maryland was recently summoned to attend a  woinnn suffering from a tumor. He advised an  operation, the woman consented, but hor bus.  band, Svho belonged to " The Evening Lights "  Interfered, insisting that it was the province of  the Lord alone to cure. The Hubbard-household was divided against itself. Some of the  women insisted upon surgical treatment, and  the husbnnd nnd his side of the house upheld  the tenents of-" Tho Evening Lights." Altera  lively discussion the physicians withdrew.  "The woraun'will surely die," said the surgeon  ���'If a surgical operation is not performed."  The only reason lt was not performed was that  a band of Christian scientists decided that if  Cod does not choose to heal her no surgeon  shall bo permitted to give her a chance for her  life. "Tho Evening Lights," or " Hcnryltcs,"  in Maryland regard physicians as the earthly  emissaries and choBcn coadjutors of the Prince  of Darkness, to whom alone is due all the ills  that flesh is heir to, lt being the province of  the Lord alone, say the " Hcnryltcs," to cure,  and thoy direct the ��� attention of physicians to  the second book of Chronicles wherein is recorded the fate of King Asa of Judnh, who,  troubled with a disease in his feet, sought not  the Lord, but physicians? and whose immediate lato was that ho "slept with his fathers."  ? .; Vocalists and the Tremolo.  It is scarcely necessary to describe the tremolo that many vocalists are affected with.  Marion'Blake, the female barltono who  appeared; at the Savoy Theatre last week,  uses it; and a great many other singers  enn be mentioned that cling to it. Five  out of every six modern singers__are afflict-  ed with it, and consequently there is a great  deal ol make-believe that the_ tremolo is a  splendid vehicle for the expression of sentiment and pusslou. But experience soon proves  that an audience never mistakes affection���and  tremolo is nothing else in. effect���for sincerity;  and tlie singer finds, when it is too late, tbat  the tremolo has liternlly got him or her by the  throat and cannot be.thrown aside. This  quivering of the voice, as if it wore a jolly, may  bo duo to a variety of causes. It may bo caused  by fatigue, und occasionally by an elongated  uvula. In the last, mentioned case, a medical  remedy'must bo found. Where, however, the  tremolo is tiie result of mistaken ideas about  the expression of sentiment, it must be rigor,  ously corrected. In such work as recitative,  declamation, and canto largo, the voice must  be li rm and steady as a rock. If the voice persists in trembling, even against the will ol the  singer, then resort must he hud to the practice  of long, single notes. These notes must be done  without any cresendo���steady tones,. sung  alternately piano ond mezzo-forte, and with n  gentle, unwavering emission of the breath.  Tremolo results very of ten from a wrong way  of breathing. Yet some singers affect the tremolo, which is hnrd work, or seems to be to  those, whom I have heard use it from the com  mcucenicntofasongun.il the finish. It not  used properly it is better, as a stage manager  says: " To cut it out." ?  "Wiper of Glasses." ?������-  A bartender at the Savoy objects to the  phrase "wiper oi glasses," which we used last  week in speaking of our friend Ed. Hollot, a  man who would not see a dog go hungry  if he could prevent it. He also said  that "wiper of glasses" referred to the  "porter," und seemed to think "mixologist"  should have been the word used. There-arc  many barkeepers in Vancouver, who, if they  did not wipe glasses but depended on the porter to do it for them, would be out of a job.  Proprietors of most saloons in the city do not  hire a porter to wipe glasses in order to make  :worlr*lightdrhr*=more ensy=*or tho--"gin-sling-  er." Business, for one thing, does not de.  mand it, and another thing economy is the  watchword with employers at present. In tho  southern states, u bartender in a first-class  saloon never thinks of "wiping glasses" or  placing matches Iu the match box or putting  oil in the cigar lighter. AH he has to do, Is  to mix whatever drink is called for by the  customers. After the patron is served the porter removes the wet glasses, drys or polishes,  and returns them to their proper place. Virtually, the barkeeper never puts bis hands lu  water. But he must be a. barkeeper, in every  sense of the word. He must not only know  how to draw a glass of beer, set out a box of j  cigars, pluce tho "bum" bottle on the bar, but  he Is required to mix any drink that maybe  ordered.  As wo have said, a bartender ln Vancouver���  Mixing Bowls  Just received a shipment of those old fashioned  Rockingham Mixing Bowls  witli the lid on the side.   Thoy are the beat mixing bowl we know  of.   We have them in four sizes, 30c, 40c, SOc, and.65c.EACH.  Walk in and Look Around.  PREDIORICK, BUSCOMBE & CO.  .   China ;Hai_l, 819 Hastings Street.  SPRING.  It hns been laid down as an axiom  by one or other of those excessively  wise men whose chief business in life  i.s to discover the obvious that there are  only two subjects which really Interest  mankind. These twain are politics and  religion. On my owri responsibility, I  am prepared to a,dd a third. We are  all Interested ln the weather. The climate of British Columbia, it has been  frequently alleged, consists chiefly of  samples, and as, at this particular season of the year, the weather In a general way is more samply, as It were,  than usual, we are thus more closely  Interested in meteorological phenomena  just now than at other times. Tn the  spring the young girl's fancy lightly |  turns to thoughts of new millinery, and  the success or failure of the spring  "confections"���I hope that is the right  word���depends absolutely upon the cap  rices of the weather gads. The young  girl's brother���and frequently that Interesting young person herself���Is also  much concerned with the prospects of  "cycling weather," and even elderly  folk feel faint stirrings of the revivifying promise of spring in their sluggish inner consciousness.  Spring���that season about which  poets rave so exuberantly���has arrived. Personally, I am not tso greatly  charmed with the opening season as I  suppose I ought to be. The? explanation may be that I am small-souled  otul over-practical, as perhaps I am too  fond of creature comfort. Whatever  the reason may be, the fact remains  that I associate the time of bursting  buds and whistling warblers with sour  medicinal draughts and all the irritating worries and annoyances of spring  cleaning. O, that ��� horrible spring  cleaning���the fiend that stalks into all  respectable homesteads, and.with more  arrogance than courtesy, takes undisputed possession. To the hard-worked,  careworn man, whatever be his Toca-  tion who has the good fortune to earn  his living by the sweat of the brow���  these periodic cleanings-out are far  from being a boon and a blessing, like  a certain make of pens. I write feelingly. The customary notice to sort  my papers, and to generally evolve order out of chaos has gone forth, under  threat of a wholesale destruction of the  scribbllngs that are to bring me undying fame, I must, perforce, set about  my heartbreaking task. AVomen do not  appreciate the unspeakable delights of  disorder.;: They insist upon their spring  cleaning, and, you know,  When a woman will, she will, you may  depend on't,  And  when she    won't, she  won't,  so  there's an end on't.  I mentioned mldieine just now. Of  course, everyone knows' that at  spring's advent we ought, properly, to  be dosed with copious draughts of  nauseous compounds, whether we want  it or not, as the Irish boy remarked  about his annual bath. Was it brimstone and treacle that Mrs. Squeers  used to ladle out to her beloved charges  nt Dotheboy's hall? I am not sure,  though I have read "Nicholas Nickle-  by" scores of times, and hope to read  Il\sc"ore"s-bf "times"again; At "any~rate7  the decoction was served out for tlie  purpose of spoiling the youngsters' ap-  petitles. We, who arc a little more  civilised, proscribe our medicines with  a more humane object In view. After  nil, the consciousness of this fact takes  away much of the bitterness of the  draught. As Tom Hood metaphorically phrases the sentiment, we are able  to find some sugar in the cane. Of  course, everybody does not object to  the two Institutions I have touched up  on ns being inseparably associate*] with  spring. "It'ii. an ill wind that blows  nobody good." Tho druggist should do  n roaring trade just now, and the Itinerant vendor of wonderful cure-alls  ought to have little difficulty in acquiring his next winter's keep. Then  painters and decorators, etc., will bo in  great request. As for mc, I am already fortifying myself to undergo a  period of profound .humiliation.  LUE  VKT.N0N.  Union Label Hats and Overalls  ARE   THE   BEST.  TRY   THEM,  Sold by  Donaldson ���� Mathews,  Clothiers, natters and Men's Outfitters! 74 Cordova Street, Vancouver  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye ih it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 74(1 Tender street.  Kmpire tea, the cheapest and best,  sold only by the City Grocery Company.   Price, 3 pounds for $1,  The trouble which has existed between Swift & Co., packers, and the  Amalgamated Meat Cutters nnd Butchers' workmen has been satisfactorily  settled. The said firm Is now upon the  fair list.  Ynttr     __  Sunday Suit  ���or your working suit  -which is it?  Both nro here���ennio in within the  past few days bearing tho Impress ot  1901 newness ih stylo,,,ln cut, in ma-  tcrlals, in mate, iu prlco.  You really ought to sco what your  IclloWi workmen���tho tailors���aro'doing,  as tholr shtirc In tho advancement of  new Ulcus for our country's betterment.  Johnston,  Kerf oot & Co.  Vancouver'. Ills Clothiers, Hatters nnd Men's Furnisher...  104 and 106 CORDOVA STREET.  I The female Labor Parti)  *P holds the balance of power when it comes to a  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the  subject we are most interested in. We Want  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity  of showing the good points of MlcClary,s j*  Famous Range. It is the best and the terms  are easy.  t  �����������������������������������������������������������������������������  Wm. BAlPtl  BSSEtt?  we c\nm_^>  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  606 Westminster Avenue.  Watches  We are offering Watches  at bottom prices.  140 CORDOVA SrREET.  McLennan,  McFeely & Co*  WlHOIi-ISALB AND  REUAHi  DEALERS  IN  MAH, ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATO-JNTflON.  KELLY, DOUGLA& ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [J^P Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  A Shoe for Men  The mime of Packard is it guarantee of the highest qunlity, style*  and fit produced in shoe leather, an American shoe that is not au  experiment, but enjoying the  largest  output of nny shoe in the*  , Unit d States trade of shoes.   Wc have them in all leathers, shapes*-  aud styles and are the exclusive agents in this vicinity.  * -$5.00 Per Pair.  R. MILLS,   Id Cordova St  Old Books  Wanted  ���AT���  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  FOR GENTLEMEN'S HIGH ART,  TAILOR-MADE GARMENTS  SUITS TO ORDER  OR READY-TO-WEAR  AT HALF BEST TAILORS' PRICES.  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B. C.  fishing  Tackle  Rods, Reels, Lines, Casts,  Flies, Artificial Baits, Traces,  Baskets, Wading Trousers,  Gut Hooks  and Fly Books.  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  neve/ falls to completely cure a- cold  within 24 hours... Gives instant re_e_���  goiaranWea, your.uwrney back. . 25c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, "Watson Co.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General������=__ ���  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  620 Coiidova St. W��� Vancouver, B. C. Tel, 70  I'atontuus und designers of the Ilardlo-  Thompson wator tube boiler, now high  Bpecil reversing engines, nnd special  machinery In light mictions _or|mlncB.  rKOPKLLERa Designed.  Enoinkh Ikdicatko and  ADJUSTED.  Solo Agents in I). G. mid N. W. Territories lo  tho United Floxlblo Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd.  London, Eng.  TisdalPs Gcin Store 52U!^ting*  ���������������������������������������  $ :   GEO. HAY   : $  Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clothes  Bcnovator, makes a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  210 Camme St., Vancouver.  ^ M. BEATTIE,  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Office and Sales Room, 107 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, I). C.   Thone DOi.  ff Farm Stock and Lanil a specialty  W. A. McDonald  H. W. ROBINSOtf  Telephone 651.  Why Pay Rent  When you can own your own house by  11 cash payment of $100.  Cull in aud we will explain our plan  to you.  MACFARLANE, ROOME & CO.  442 Westminster'Avenue.  Telephone 699  Western Cartage. Co  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all  Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN TOR WOOD AND COAL-  Office: 314 Cambie Street.  For all kinds' of  The only union shop in the city.  Society Banners a specialty.-  725 Hastings Stbeet.   ' '


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