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The Independent May 18, 1901

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Array 4 ^z-^stCto-if
SEW YORK LIKE iANUKAKCE CO
The oldest nnd lnrgest international compuny In llie world.
Supervised by 82 governments.
Fred Cockburri - District Mgr.
Flack Block, Vancouveii.
OTTAWA FIRE INSURANCE CO
Authorized Capital  ■
ipitu
 -■ -..,.....   .  »1,600,000
Subseribed Capital   . -    600,000
Government Deposit -       81,000
H. J, Moorhouse,
General Agent for B  c. and Alberta.
30 and 31 Flaclc Block, Vancouver.
VOL. 3.
VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MAY IH, 1901.
TRADE 110M.
In noting the changes ln our industrial life1 the question noxv forces  It-
eelf upon us:   Hoxv did the \xponker._ regard these chnnges, and hoxxr did they
try to meet them and turn  them  to
their advantage?   XVe have seen hoxv
Chartism, Oxveniam, nnd socialism rose
and fell,  but  each contributed something  to  the'  betterment    of  tnnii--.
There xvas good In each, and that good
Js with us to-day.   Free   trade    next
came, and with it there came a quickening of things, so much so, that our
commercial groxvth really seems marvellous, but the workers soon saxv.that
aotlon was necessary on tl\elr part If
the life of the worker xvas to be maintained in any degree'of comfort and
dignity.   I have referred to the dictum
of Individualism, namely, that the legislature  shall  not  Interfere  with _ the
freedom of trade,  and that the Individual shall have perfect liberty to dispose of his time and of his labor in the
way and on the terms xvhich he may
judge most conducive  to his oxvrf' interests, but the xx'or-kers soon become
i
convinced   that  Individual   bargaining
led  to  reduced  wages,    through  cutthroat competition  between  man and
man.   Hence,   with   reason,   labor  determined, if possible, to do axvay with
'    tills so-called liberty, and trade unions
were the vehicle thiough xvhich   they
sought to carry out  their intentions.
In a manifesto on "The Legitimate Actions of  Trade   Unions,"    xvhich  was
eigned by many_ prominent leaders, I
find the folloxvlng: "The main purposes
for which workmen   unite    in    trade
unions has alxx'ays been to obtain from
'      their employees by means of combinations,  more  advantageous    conditions
*•      of employment than each  man could
secure  as   an  individual.   With    this
object it is a fundamental principle of
trade unionism  to replace   individual
bargaining   between   the   Wage-earner
and the employer by collective bargaining between the whole body of .organized workmen and their employees, and
to_ supersede* the separate deteimina-
tion bf conditions as between indi\"id~
uals' by collective agreements, formulating common rulejs for trie workmen
jn the aggregate."   I need not dwell on
the justice of this contention, for every
•wonWngman 'knows that If each man
ii   was allowed to dispose of both his time
and labor in any way that pleased hlm-
eelf, such action xvould lead to anarchy and confusion.   Besides,  competition means war, so  that ln the con-
■   fllot between a defenceless individual
and a capitalist' we would not have the
aunvrval    of  the   fittest,    but  of  the
(strongest.   In the one case xvages could
not be maintained ;at a rate to keep
fcody  and  soul   together,  and  in   the
other,  the  workmen "would  sink into
. a condition of abjeot slavery:-—Nol only
were   unions   formed,   but  Allan and
Nexvton,, the founders of the Amalgamated Society of Engineers,'began the
policy of establishing great unions with
large reserve funds.'  That also was a
practical policy, for strikes could not
be    carried   on successfully   without
iunds.   No  matter  hon-    enthusiastic
men may be in going into a-fight for
. better conditions, yet poverty, starvation, soon sap the enthusiasm out of
.their, hearts.   Following the good od-
.   vice of the-good old Book—that lt ,is
necessary before going to war to'coiint
the cost, the xvonkers by reserve funds
prepared for the battle that might be
near or afar off.   Besides such reserve
funds had a deterrent influence, for if
the capitalist knexv that the men "were
backed up by a large reserve fund, it
made him thinik a dozen times before
lie i, declared xv-ar "against trie'rii.     The
trouble   and   the   xveafaiess   of   trade
unions at this period xvas—that in the
eyes of tlie laxv they xvere illegal societies, and their operations xvere continually hampered and Impeded by the
application of the Laxv of'Conspiracy.
Like   the   calling   out of 'the militia,
when nny real or Imaginary infraction
of the laxv took place,  the employers
who had alxxnys the ear of the govotn-
ment, soon got the laxv rigidly enforced;  and,  like  the  canners  in   British
Columbia, the capitalists in/these days
used cx-ery means at tlielr disposal to
inflame    the    public  ^against    trades
unions and unionists    When, however,
in 1SG7 the working men got the liberty
to vote, a great change took place in
the fortunes of labor. The xx-ovtong man
became a poxverful factor In politics,
and ho was not sloxx-, as he had a right
to do so, to use that vote'in his own
interests.   In 1S71, largely thiough the
able efforts of Frederick Harrison, J.
M. Ludlow, Professor Beesley and others, trade unions secured legal recog
nition, and in 1878 xvere placed ln the
same relation to the laxv of conspiracy
as other societies. There Is no denying
but thnt employers of labor fought and
tough t viciously against trades unions.
Some of them did so, because they conscientiously believed that lt xvas useless
to attempt to raise xx-ages, because
xvages were paid out of a Axed wage
fund.   That used to be one of the pet
i.
doctrines of a certain school of political   economists,   and  their  doctrines
have  been  no better or xvorse    than
those of certain vrould-be learned theologians.   When John S. Mill, In 1869,
accepted the vlexv of the xx'orfklng men
that both xvages and profits xx-ere paid
out of an Indeterminate fund, another
triumph was recorded in the interest
of labor, because it caused capitalists
to look at the xvage question In a nexv
xvay, and in a xvay xvhich ultimately
le dthem to abandon their hostility to
trade unions.   The' next   position  assented  to and  tried  xx-as thait wages
should be determined by the demand
for and supply of labor,    and   when
the unions tried to obtain a commanding 'position in the labor martat a better feeling began to manifest itself betxx-een the combatants.   The labor leaders  denounced strikes,  and the "masters, largely through the efforts of Mr.
Mundella, agreed to meet their "men at
boards of arbitration to settle" peacefully all contentious matters.    Both sides
agreed   on   the   principle  that    prices
should flx xx-ages, and   sliding scales
xvere adopted.   From  1857  to 1875  we
have,   as one puts it,   the golden  age
of arbitration.   Times xx-ere good, and
everything   xvent  on   splendidly,    but
xvhen bad times came and wages fell,
and fell axvay beyond xvhat men could
llx'e upon, then the men began to see
that  xvages   xvere  not  upon  a proper
basis when subject to supply and demand.   The great strike of 1889, of the
unskilled    dock   laborers,   xvhich was
really  a- struggle for a living?wage,"
brought   a' new    factor   into    labor
troubles, and that was public opinion,
and in this case was public sympathy,
and through this not only did the dock
laborers xxin„_but the wage theory according to supply demand, became "an--
other exploded and unxx-ortable theory.
Of course, it Is fair to say that while
xve speak of the force and • power of
public opinion In this strike xve should
not forget that certain influences had
been  xvorittng,  educating public opinion, and thus preparing itself to 'assert
Its influence In favor of what xvas Jusi
and  right.   It xvas during this period
that xve had tlie awful disclosures in
connection xxith the sxveating system.
In such the public saxv the demoralizing result of the wage system based
on the theory of supply and 'demand.
The socialists  also began ito  revivify
public thought   xx-ith   their   charming
vle^xvs of life, and the reception given
to  the  viexx-s  promulgated  by Henry
George, ail had their parts in preparing
public opinion 'to talke' trie stand it did
In that strike.   In 1888 the miners' federation set up the principle of a living
wage,  that is,  that xvages must be a
first charge on industry not determined
by prices or profit, and must ibe of such
an   amount   as  xvill  secure  a decent
maintenance.   Tills demand, of course,
xx-as laughed at, but It had this merit,
that  It for  the first time  recognized
the rights of the laborer.   In 1893, so
quick do changesln thought itaJke place,
this principle was accepted by *he'public ln what Is known as the.coal' xx-ar/
xvhile to-day the government of Canada
says  that the  living ,,'wiage  must  be
the primary element in figuring out the
prices of all contracts.  v       '•        .
7 We rkv«lid^"i»Y^i^tTAT"i^itude,6f
the  laborer toxvards    machinery.- We
may deal xvfth this more fully later on;
but in the development of trade unions
this must -bo noticed.   When we   say
that    labor   opposed    machinery   xve
should not be surprised, thnt this xvas
so.   Tt xx-as a matter of self interest,
and self protection.   Hi<_ jEfldll xx-as his
capital, and machinery seemed ns If it
xvas going to abolish  him  altogether.
Through  xx-Iso counsels the inevitable
has been accepted, but on this basis
That no attempt will be made to ie-
dueo the. standard of life by the employment of Ic-s ("killed nnd xvoiso paid
lnboicra.   The   boot   trade  dispute   In
ISO. settled this,  that the competition
betxxeen xxorkmen displaced by machln-
ci y must not bo used to reduce xxngos,
and committees xx-erc appointed to regulate xvages aud the conditions of employment.   This has not been universally adopted, but is steadily gaming
ground, nnd is only a question of time.
I xvlll deal xxith the question of shorter hours in my next.   But I ask my
readers   to  first    carefully    note the
changes which have taken place, and
NO. 8.
Interests of xvortdng men. We have
gained a proper recognition of trades
unions. To-day, all thoughtful men
make themselxies acquainted xvlth their
deliberations. The parliament of labor Is an event xx-hlch Is no', and cannot be ignored.   We may have a fexv
men called cannerymen in Vancouver, •"Ioyccs "--*"-•   Th- ""-"de I referred to
xvho ought to have lived one hundred
years ago, for they are out of harmony
with the times, xvho -will not recognize
trade  unions, but xvhen our cultured
and xvlse premier not only attends the
trades congress but also consults the
reprc-entatlves of trade unions, so as
to make gox-ernment legislation ln harmony with  their desires,  we have n
striking evidence of  xx-hat should  b->
the  proper attitude of all  wise men.
In 3807 xvorking men got the liberty to
vote for the first time.   That has had
a great deil to do xvith the success of
la.bor.   Trade unions should continually educate the working-man as to its
proper use.   No xx-ortring man  should
m'suse it, and because ot the tremendous struggle and s-icrfflce to get it,
no xx-orklng man should be for sale in
the political market.   Private or Individual bargaining has been abolished,
xx'hile the xvages question after various
tests hns been put on a basis decidedly
In  the interests of the xvorking man,
various have been the means employed
i\nd used In getting these.   Education,
strikes,  men  of thought and men  of
octlon  have  all  contributed   to bring
these things about.   We note progress
-11 along the line.   Trulv there has been
a poxver maMng for 'righteousness ah
the   time—through   good • report    and
through bad reDort.   There is no room
for pessimism so far as the future is
concerned.   We have only to be wise
and  moderate.   We have to face our
difficulties as practical men and deal
xvith them In a practical xvav. -If our
fathers gained so much against all the
forces of life, in spite of laxx-, government, and a hostile public, xvhat may
xve not gain with  the sympathy aind
co-operation of a friendly government,
and an educated and sympathetic public opinion.   Let us htuve patience, not
exactly passh-e, but that noble patient e
xvhich   is  characteristic    of  men   xvho
knoxv that they are not only fighting
for the right", but that  the right for
xx-hich they struggle will prevail xvhen
once the times are ripe.   Toxx-a.rds realizing the hrooder and fuller and richer future xvhich is staring us in the
face, let every working man only do
his duty, and each step xx-ill be a step
forxx-ard,  and one bringing us nearer
the goal round xx-hich all our hopes are
centred. ,. PHIZ.
good mm.
Last xveek I quoted from the Baltimore Manufacturers' Record to show
that the paying of good xx-ages to em-
'Polnted out the advantages gained by
the  companies  xx-ho -had adopted   the
Principle  that  good  honelst  xx-ork  demanded ' good   honest pay.   The  companies  referred   to  prided   themselves
over the fact that the payment of a
fair day'3 pay brought to them more
than a merely honest day's xx-ork, but
in   addition   there   xvas  produced   "a
strong personal intelligent interest in
the company's advancement."   I wish
to point out that lit in not only thi employer of labor xx-ho Is benefitted by a
just aoknoxvledgement of a workman's
ability and labor, but that the country
xvhereln <tlhe principle i.s laid doxvn and
ihonestly carried out is largely benefitted.   I knoxv from personal experience
xx-hat ihas been done in Australia by
the determination on the part of the
gox-ernments  and   the  employers,  but
prefer to let others spealc, as a stranger
is more likely   to give an   unbiassed
opinion.   I haive before me an article
written by  a gentleman born  in the
United St-fces of America xvho has been
in Australia for some time enquiring
Into various matters.   He says that the
most striking and at ithe same time the
most pleasing feature of "that remarkably wealthy country" is not the enormous export trade,  but the condition
of the laboring classes.   The people are
xx-ell  housed and strong and  healthy,
but "xvhat pleased me most xvas the
fact that in the  go\-ernment savings
banks there are $700,000,000 on deposit
at interest, an average of over $150 per
head, and after careful investigation I
can safely say that this is the highest
average in the world."   Noxv  I want
to say that I know as a fact that .this
discharge of one of their number, has
eaunied xx-ork.
A Nexv York dispatch says that
President Gompers, of the American
Federation of Labor, xx-as asked to reply to the statement credited to President Schxx-ab, of the iteel corporation,
before the Industrial commission, to
he effect th"t labor organizations put
nil men on <\ level and prevent one
from adx-anctng, unless all adx-once.
Mr. Gompc-" •said: "It is a misstatement to say xve are endeavoring to flx
one price fo- the xva~e-s of xvorklngmen
cf any one doss. Whit xve aim ait is
to establish n minimum of xvages beloxv
xvhich xvo"'f!'i~men xx-!ll not be obliged
to labor. Eecu'e a minimum Is established It does not follow that a
work-r cannot receive more than that."
TRADES MI) LIBOR COUNCIL
CANADIAN NOTES.
Big preparation ha'Ve already started at Toronto for a mammoth Labor
Day celebration.
Re.-iorts received shoxv that the cigarmakers noxx- on strike at Montreal are
confident of coming out xxinners.
The builders' laborers of Toronto
have accepted the compromise offer of
23 cents an hour, made through the
Builders' Exchange.
A strike among the bakors at Otta-
xx-a Is threatened. Unless certain concessions are made by the employers,
the men xvill doubtless carry out their
threat to quit xx-ork. The fight Is practically for recognition of the union and
fer the control and regulation of the
bakeshops.
u .
The alien labor laxv has been passed
by the house of commons.
Ka.-lo city has passed a by-law closing all shops at seven o'clock each day,
excepting Saturdays and days preceding public holidays, and also during the
President Dixon hut night culled tlie
meeting of the Trades and Labor council
to order prompt nt 8 p. in. X. J. White
of the Amalgamated "xVoodixorkera took
his sent us a delegate.
Several coniniunications xxere receix-ed
and disposed of.
Workingmen are requested to keep
awn/ from Bonnington Falls, B. C., as
there is trouble there over reduction of
xvages of laborers from $2.50 to $2 a day.
It xvas resolved to request all members
of unions to purchase Canadian union-
made brooms.
The Parliamentary committee reported at length condemning city council's
action re purchasing lumber and the
matter of day labor. Also a resolution
xx as submitted to memorialize the Otta-
xva government to see that labor is
voiced in the senate.
A special meeting reported at length
on the txxonexv school buildings showing in detail lhat the one done by day
labor xx as a fir_,t-cl.isi_ xvork, xx hile that
by contract xxas a "jerry job."
The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters, the Cigarmakers and the Barbers
reported in fax or of nn assessment for
the proposed Labor Day celebration.
It xvas decided to circulate a subscription list among the unions to astist the
locked-out miners at Alexander. The
council gave $30.55.
The Barbers reported that the names ?
of certain patrons of non-union shops
xvould be taken if they persisted in being shaved by hotel barber.-, on Sundays. Also that tlio city iircmen pat^v
ronize a non-union concern almoblina
body. The Barbers' union means
business. i
A delegate suggested that something
should be done to prevent the using of
so   much  American  material in  con-
month of December,
Mr. Martin O'Driscol, ot Dundas, has I structin- buildings in this city,
large amount of money consists of the Ibeen  appointed  by  the Amalgamated      Jx'o delegate xx as axx are that a Chinese
OPPOSED TO THE QUEEN'S MONUMENT.
To tho Editor of The Independknt:
Sir,—In reference to the—to my mind
foolish and extravagant—Idea of building a monument to the memory of our
late queen -by the school children, or,
more properly speaking, by the parents
through   their   children     who    attend
■school, I should like room in your columns to express a few ideas tliat some
people, myself Included, entertain.   In
the flrst place,* the vast majority of the'
school children are the sons and daughters of those who produce about 'four-
fifths more 'of this world's goods than
they  consume; and  out of the (fifth/
that they are permitted to retain, they
feed, clothe and" educate their" children,
pay something per xveek, as a rule, to
the churchest and the balance, if there
is any,  they put by for a rainy day,
of'Which we have our share on the Pa-"
clflc coast.   Some of that which they
create^ but^aro-, not-allowed- to-keep,-
goes to keep In luxury and comparative, idleness the'king or queen, and all
that helps to make them appear super-'
natural: and noxx-, aa though that xvere'
not sufficient, they are .talked to break
Into the one little 'fifth again to erect
1 senseless stone image  to one  xvho
Is noxv- dead.'and xx-hom they paid more
than  xvell  xvhile living.   Ann, It they
cannot •afford, or do not feel disposed
to hand out their last cent,  they are
told that they ought to be ashamed of
themselves,   or  xx-ords   to   that  effects
One llttlo girl, xvhom I oould name if
I   felt so  disposed,  xxas  told   by  her
teacher, xx-liom I could alpo name, that
she MUST bring some money for the
fund',  oxen   if  she  only  brought  iflx-e
cents    Is this xvhat  tho school board
call-, voluntary  contributions?   Ti listing that the senseless idea "xv 111 be glx-en
up, If not because it is morally xvrong,
then at least because it is a financial
failure    I remain, yours for justice for
the common people. MARXIAN.
Vancoux-er, May 14, 1901.
surplus savings of the laboring classes.
I use the.xx-ord surplus adxxisedly, because the majority ,of the xx-orkmen
oxx-n and live In their oxx-n house and
property. Australia has produced over
$2,0OD,00O,000 in gold. The annual shipping of the country is 20,0CO,OCO tons.
The average export in produce alone
is $200,000,0.10 per annum, but as the
xx-rlter to xx-hioh I refer says, the "best
p=set the country _has is the splendid
position of the xvoriting classes." This
state of affairs could not have prevailed
if alien low priced labor had been employed. The, ibone and sinew of any
country is the condition and xx-ealth of
the masses, and not the making of
xvealth by the fexv at the expense of
the many.
Let every xx-orkmen, never mind what
his work may be, do 'his best in an Intelligent manner, and let the employer
pay for such worfc at its true value,
and I am sure the xvhole of this Dominion xvill immediately feel the benefit, and as the masses are paid so will
the prosperity be either hastened or
retarded. Every workman must do his
level best, and eivery employer must
deal justly and honestly with Ms men.
SOUTHERN' CROSS.
Wood-Woricers' International union as
organizer for Ontario.
A busy season In the building trade
ot Toronto seems noxv fully assured.
A 5100,000 iirsiaen^e-in Qucsn's, Pxirk,
besides several other pretty big jobs,
aie on the tapis. Other big contracts
are in vlexv. One hundred and one permits were issued from the city com-
mislsoner's, office during April, representing $3-16,Sl_, as compared with $198,-
C24 for thesame month last year.
The Plumbers and Steamfitters of
Toronto haive .noxv' established the
eight-hour day.
used a union label on his xxork.
After some time had been taken up
discussing a proposed Canadian Federation of Labor the council adjourned for
threo weeks, x   . ,
At the lost meeting of the Painters'
union it xx-as unanimously decided, by
the members to patronize only restaurants and eating places xx-hioh employ none but union help.
If you want a really good ryo whisky
at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold
Seal Liquor Company, 746 Pender street.
UNION LABEL OVERALLS
Sold by Donaldson & Mathews, the up-'
__v_u uy A/viuuuaon o; _viatnews, the u
to-date clothiera, 74 CordoVa stieet.
AMERICAN NOTES.
President O'Connell, of the International Machinists' Association, at
Washington says ithat -the outlook was
'very encouraging for a successful
'strike. He predicts thiat a large number,of tans xvlll have signed the ar-,
,rangements betxveen 'the machinists
and the assooiatlon of employers by
May-20th.- He-says-the-strlke-xvill-af-
feet at least 100,000 men directly,'and
over that number of allied mechanics
indirectly.
, The faotory of the American Cigar
.Company, at Blnghampton, N. Y., has
locked out 50ft employees. This i.s a
sequel to the strike of 100 girls last
xx-eek.
The employees of the Albany, N. T.,
division of the Union Traction Company have unanimously agreed to ]\>-
fuso to accept the teims offered bv the
company for them to resume worfc
The company started non-union men
lunning the cars, but xxere iirevented
by tho people, xxho nre ln sympathy
xx Ith the strilccts Each car is noxv
m inned bv four policemen, and nobodx-
wlll volunteer to be a passenger.
A Cleveland, Ohio, dispatch says that
the stnKo of the marine engineers em-
ploved on the boats of the United
States Steel Coiporatlon has been declared at an end The demands of the
men for Increased wages has been
granted.
AVm. Rae leaves to-morrow (Sunday)
for Toronto, xvhero he xvill attend the
big convention of the Grand Lodge of
the International Association of Machinists. Delegate Eae is a unionist
from 'xx-ay back.
The men at 'the Ebenvalo colliery, of
G. B. Markle & Co., Hazelton, Pa., xvho
struct several days ago because of the  Times,
The government wihip In the legislature, Mr. Price Ellison, was presented
by those around whom his gentle lash
played so successfully during the session, with a purse of gold.   He deserved it.   We shall not look upon his like
again.   His tickler found a tender spot
ln the persons even of such irreconcll-
ables as representatives Martin, Brown
and-Mdnnes, and-he-has-had-his-re-
xvard.   Theirs  xvlll , come    later.   But
xvhnt about the able and efficient assistant of Mr.  Ellison, the gentleman
xvho haunts the lobbies and exercises
a general  supervision  over all  legislation of a certain class?   His gait and
his general demeanor portend that the
session  xx-hlch  comes  to a  close  this
evening  hns  been  a critical   one  for
him and that he has reward even noxv
in   a  knoxvledge    of  dutv  xvell  done
There is really nothing more xxorfhy
of note to xxhlch reference has not ftl-
te.idy been  made in a session xx-hlch
has brought little benefit to tho Pi ovine in ' any shape,  manner or form,"
ns the leadei of xxhat xx-as once an opposition  s.ivs.     Let  tlie  majority go
home and pontic, over the ei-ror of theli
xxaxs, cast off mesmeric or xvoise influences, and xx hen thev aie once more
clothed and in their right minds, they
max- do better.   With    these   piiting
vords the Times  dismisses  our legislators and their works from its mind
It  knoxv9  that  many   of Its  readeis
xx-ould prefer to dismiss them in a more
vigorous  fashion  if it  xvere  feasible
But it's not; more's the pity.—Vlotoria
BAKERS AND CONFECTIONERS.
At last xx-eek's meeting several matters of great inteiest to the xvorkmen
xxere gone Into and xxill be further discussed.'
Delegates from the Waiters and
Waitresses' union xx*ere admitted and
gave a clear statement regarding the
position of their union towards unfair
houses. A list of union hotels and restaurants xx-as presented and the meeting resolved unanimously to give support. Members of the J. B. & C. I. V.
xxill therefore avoid hotels and restaurants not on that list.
Prom a draft copy to hand of Ithe
amendments to the Bakeshops' Regulation bill it appears th'at the legislature has granted most of the'requests
of the Vancouver local  union, •xxiiich'
has thus helped in making more possible t'he maintenance of sanitary and
healthful conditions in our trade and
ln bringing the journeymen of this province more into line xx-ith their progressive  felloxx-   countrymen   in  other
parts.   But British Columbia is yet a
long way behind  in  baking   reform.
That it is hard  to disturb    "vested"
rights  the  xvorkers  well ^ knoxv,   after
their struggles ajid sacrifices to obtain
the "natural" rights which should be
theirs.   The discontent of bakery workmen Is an assurance to the public of i
.the effort to obtain the most perfect * ■
iUrroiindings devisable for the prepana-—
tion of the people's food.   The public
should therefore support the xx-orkimen
by purchasing only from   stores displaying the union card.
An Important meeting of the union
will be held on Saturday . next, 25th
Inst. E\-ery member is requested to be
present.
Baiters and confectioners staying in
toxvn and .non-union craftsmen are cordially invited to send In their name-*
and become "mombei s. Join the union,
"the bulxx-ark of the xx-orker's rights."
A noxv combine ot ship builders, xxith
authorised capital of $,.0,000,000. Is noxv
bclng perfeotoxl. Tho companies Interested aie E P _AlIIs Company, M1I-
xx-aukeo, Fraser & Chalmers, Chicago:
Gates Iron Works, Chicago; Dickson
Manufacturing Company, Scranton, Pa.
Tlio boys in the Machinists' union'
hnve now formed a crack brscball nine.
A match xxith Pitcher Farron's club of
the Prox-ince is desired.
Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, 50c bottle, at Gold
Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street. *    -
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■in THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAT 18,  1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  OOBO. BARTLEY  Editor  HARRY OOWAN Business Manager  PUBUBHBD   WEEKLY   IN   THE   IN-  TBR.EST  OF ORGANISED LABOR  BY  THB INDEPENDENT FRTNTTING COMPANY.  AT   ��12   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A. week, 5 cents; month, 16 cents; three  months, 33 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, fl.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY MAY  IS,   1001  WINCHESTER AGAIN.  Tiie World on Wednesday published  u very lengthy letter taken from the  Toronto Westminster, the official organ of the Presbyterian church, entitled: "The Church and the Chinese  Problem," by Rev. A. I!. Winchester.  The World also comments upon it thiswise: "By request xve publish an article xvritten by the Rev. A. B. Winchester. It deals with the question or  tlie Chinese niul the church in British  Columbia. We are sorry that the reverend gentlemen xvho xvritc for religious papers in Eastern Canada should  do so in the style of Mr. Winchester.  If the publication or his article has  the effect of bringing some .pressure to  bear against a repetition of the article  xve shall feel that in granting the request of a render xve have done much  good. One may ask, xvhat is the need  for articles ot" this nature? Rex-. A.  B. Winchester Is raking over the coals  of old controversies. The Westminster  is "a paper for the home." The home  should not be used to allow ministers  to upset the xx-ork of the people of  British Columbia." A man can tell all  sorts of rot to our eastern countrymen,  especially under the cloak of religion,  but he llcnoxvs better than try to champion the cause of Chinese publicly in  British Columbia. Persons so passionately fond of Chinese should go over  to fphlnu.-xvnere they would no'douDt  get their fill. The capitalists nre sufficient to loolt after John Chinaman  without tho church taking a hand.  nary 1st, 1901. exclusive of travelling  members. A balance of $314,806.23 re  malned in the union's treasury at the  close of the year 1900, the receipts for  the year being $772,522.42, and the expenditures $i50,l*M.13, xvhile a balance  of $292,407.93 xvus carried forward from  the previous year. During the past  twenty-one years tho organization has  paid benefits amounting to $4,737,5.'>0."9.  divided as follows: strike benefits.  JS3S.04C.44; sick, $1,433,030.33; death,  $7111.074.32; traveling, $733,267.13; and  out-of-work,  $917,112.35.  An Interesting eatalouge of American millionaires has been published by  the Nexv York Herald. There appear  to be 3,828 of tliem. Of these. 87 per  cent, have "made their own fortunes,"  the remaining M per cent, having got  their fortunes ready-made from tlielr  fathers and grandfathers. Nineteen  per cent, of tliem got rich in the manufacturing business, xvhile other industries ami pursuits arc represented thus:  Merchandise. 1C per cent.: real estate,  13 per cent.; railways and steamships.  12 per tent.; banking, 10 per cent.:  mining, t! per cent.; larms and cattle,  i; pr>r cent.: nnd from all other Industries, 3 per cent.  It is rather a singular fact that not  one nj these millionaires made his  money by the practice of a profession.  CHINO-CANADIAN.  AV. Alex. Cumyoxv, secretary of the  Chino-Canadian Society of Canada, is  out xxith a lengthy, memorial on behalf  of his people, xx-ho are members, asking  that full rights of citizenship be  given to all persons of Chinese descent  born in Canada, or to be born, of  xx-hlch there are some 100 in the society  here at present, and that no restriction may be placed upon their freely  leaving Canada and returning again  at xxill. They claim the right to vote  because their parents came to the  country xvhen there xvas no Chinese restriction the same as cheap European  laborers. This is the thin end of the  xvedge to mn'te British Columbia a Chi  nese colony.  The matter of free school books has  been under consideration by the school  board At its last meeting Trustees  Gordon, Logan and Duke, xvho comprises the managing committee, xvere  instructed to look into the matter of  porlvldlng cheap school stationery.  They iind upon in\*ostigatlon, hoxvever,  that it i.s impossible under prevailing  conditions to obtain the necesary permission to publish the books, as the  present publishers hold a copyright,  but as there xvill be new books brought  out shortly the trustees have decided  to do the next best thing and purchase  books, if possible, at wholesale rates,  and supply 'them to the school children at the same price. The board concurs in this move, and have requested  the minister of education to assist  them. The school board are to be complimented on this new departure, tending to the supplying of free school  books.  "Slocanite" ln a communication to  The Independent, Vancoux-er, of the  Ith lust., expresses his xvonder at Mr.  Puttee being found one of a deputation,  soliciting'a bonus from the federal  treasury for a gift of $5 per ton, refinery and other blessings. We don't  wonder at Slocanlte's wonder If he believes it; our xvonder Is irather hoxv  anyone xxith the slightest knoxxiedge  of the member for Winnipeg could believe he xvould be found in such a position. Mr. Puttee took no part whatever in Introducing or assisting the  delegation. He loves the bonus bug  about as much o-s he does the charter  monger. This report has already been  '.lenied in our columns and for the ben-  olit of Slocanite and others (if any)  wlio are troubled xxith this delusion  wc nsk our comrade Independent to  print this second denial.���AVinnipeg  Voice.  the Sunday schools are entitled to a  monopoly anyway? If Nelson boys  prefer to play baseball on Sunday and  Nelson girls choose to xx-atch them they  should haxv the privilege of doing so  without interference from shrlvel-soul-  ed bigots who xvould li'kc to moke  people act ns though they xvere running a morgue. If the Sunday school  branch of the Christianity fake requires all Innocent recreations rough-  looked ln order that the bible class  may thrive the sooner Sunday schools  are relegated lo oblivion the better for  the rising generation.���Sandon Paystreak.  More to Hum, In Box Cars.  On account of the unprecedented rush  of prosperity xve xvere unable to accompany Preslllent McKlnley on his  trip across tho continent. AATe regret  very much having to turn Mack down  in this xvny, but It can't be helped.  And then the ears he rides on are not  to our lilting. AVe are accustomed to  those with doors on the side xvhen  making these record-breaking cross-  contlnental tiitxs.���Terre Haute (Ind.)  Toller.  No Hampering of Individual Enterprise.  Premier Seddon of Noxv Zealand has  decided to operate a coal mine in the  interests ot the state. He xvill supply  the stnte-oxvned railways nnd any consumers xvho care to purchase stnto-  mlnei. conl. The profits of the Industry  xvill be retained to tho people in higher  wages, cheaper coal and increased public revenue. Chinese and Japs are  barred from Nexv Zealand. Premier  Dunsmuir of British Columbia is identified xxith the coal industry, but he  don't do business in that xx-ay. His  internal projenltor, through the medium of a oroxv-hearted -legislature,  snipped up the state coal lands for  ���-!'Ti=Plf nnd got a railroad thrown in.  Noxv Premier Jim supplies dusky diamonds to any one who xvill pay his  price; and Jim keeps the money. For  l*e-" thnt the public might get too large  n shire of the profit of production,  Dunsmuir employs Oriental-priced Chinese and Japs to xx-ork ln the mines  alongside of decent xx-hite men, and  xvhen the slant-eyed gents blow the  m"-h to kingdom come Dunsmuir sheds  teni-s and the xvidoxvs and orphans of  deceased miners become a public  charge. Of course the Nexv Zealand  system would not do in B. C. There  must be no hampering of Indlvlduil  enterprise. Recognizing this great  truth, xve elect Dunsmulr premier.  ~.ong head.���Sandon PaystreaJc.  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7-16 Pender street.  Three Things of  Importance   N  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has boon a busy one  for us; this year we want to  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and Ave shall do exactly as we advertise.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  VTlS  <rr~-fiAjcn^L4?  of Wellington nre offering opportunities lor investment tlint ennnot be  frurpusseil.  The WEST COAST OIL AND MINING COMPANY, of Senlllc, Is tho  oxvnorotl.SOO ncrcBot npprox'cd OIL LANDS In Jefferson county, XVusli.  Capital hlock, 1,000,000 bliares, par value Ji, fully paid und noil  n.-es-itblu.  ���Machinery hns been ordered mnl nctlve xvnrk xvill soon bo started.  Few shares left at 12J�� cents; xvhen sold price xvlll advance to25c.  Fieid Johnson Agent, Wood & Reed,  417 Cordova Sf Managers for B. C.  for Setting, $ i .50 for 13  SLACK lANGSIUNS  .  Stock took First Prize tit 1900 Poultry  Shoxv at Vancouver.  W. D. Jones  Brockton Point  Lighthouse.  The best Cough Cure is " BIG 4"  have you tried it?  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  "Put me off at Buffalo."  Hoxx- many hotels in this city that  are properly equipped xxith fire escapes?  Shall I ask my non-union friend xvho  toils by my side If he is "a brother  to the ox"���or ass?  Hoxx- is It thnt In  baseball it Is al-  -���n'ays-a.-member~of~ tlie-visiting-club  that is ruled off the field for Insubordination?  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  Poverty Valued  Because Scarce.  Wealth is so common noxx-n-c.ays that  it is gol"!?   to be   better form   to   be  poor.���Nei\- York Hall and Express.  W. S. Armstrong, one of -the pioneer  typos of .the xx-est, now on the Nexx-s-  Ailx-ortteer, leax-cs for a trip to the  Sound cities on Monday, not to return.  "Billy" heliex-OK in the old adage that  a "settinff hen never gets fat," the belief of most printers In spring time.  May bad luck folloxx- his footsteps, but  never catch up to him. He has not  yet informed tlie "gang" -whether he  intends to ride In a \*arnlshed car or in  0:10 xxith 11 side-entra-nce.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspendes,  also a first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion  Labor is employed. i  ;  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  Hotels.  o  o  . . MAKES A SmCIALTY OF . .  Denim special liqueur, oiso ��� ���  Uslier's Block Lqdgi Linueur wnisKy  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMPOKTED AND DOMESTIC  Cigars  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Corner Cordova amd Carrau.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for tho engineering trade  ln Vancouver.  CHOICEST-���-^ '  Liquors and Cigars  First-class roome from SO cents up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  The"  ���  Our latest exchange Is the Southern  Labor News, published at Atlanta, Ga.  It Is a seven-column, four-page paper  brimful of labor nexx-n and copiously  Illustrated xx-lth photo enfrrmx-lnss. It  starts out xx-lth a big subscription list  and a bright ruture, as the south Is fast  being organized.   Success to it.  The royal commission on Chinese Im-  mlsrntlon left the city last Saturday,  when there were yet a large number  to give ex-ldence, espclnlly xx-nrklngTrien.  We regret this and hold that the- government commission should sUiy In a  place till nil are satisfied Unit their  case hns been thoroughly presented. If  tlle commission Is going to hasten its  xvoi-k this xvay they might Just ns xvell  quit noxx- and go back to Ontario for  ull the good they xx-lll hax-e accompli "lied. AVe hnx-e been humbugged before xx-lth royal commissions and xvoi-lt-  ingmen are on to this fact.  The annual roport of the Clgarmak-''  ers' International union for the year  100ft shows that the organization had  a Paying membership of 33,955 on Jan-  George McL. Happy.  No xvonder George MoL. Drown has  difficulty in concealing the look of triumph- xx-hic-h his face wears. The artist xx-ho tamed the fierce and flery  one from North Nanaimo is worthy of  the postion of executive agent to J.  rierpont Morgan.���Victoria Times. ���  Publish Assessment Roll.  The best guarantee of fair assessment of real estate is the publication  of-the-itssessment-roll.���Not-only-ls-it  a check upon unfair discrimination in  the valuation of real estate, but it is  also the best remedy for general dissatisfaction and suspicion.���Hamilton  Herald.  A recent cough or cold that �� BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing.  TELEPHONE 702.  1C0 CORDOVA STREET.  The Standard Canadian Pianos  THE GERARD HEINTZMAN,  THE BELL, IHE NEXCOIBE  The Standard English Instruments  THE BRQADWOOD, THE BRIHSMEAD.  THE COLLARD 5 GOLLARD.   = ���-All tho nbovc at   Sarcastic.  The Vancouver Province, formerly a  strong supporter ot Geo. R. Maxwell,  M. P. P., Is shoxving signs of opposition  to that gcnt|eman and making sarcastic references to tho rallying cry at the  last election of "Maxxvell and the  Mint." The Dominion government  having decided to establish a branch of  the mint at Ottaxva��� not Vancouver.���  Ilnssli-iid World.  Civilization Hotrogrn "Ing,  "Nelson's city council has declared  rig.ilnst Sunday baseball on the score  that the ball games In the recreation  ground interfered xx-lth tlie Sunday  school attendance."���Nelson Tribune.  Wouldn't that jar you! And in a civilized xvestern toxvn like Nelson, too.  Xx'hen it conies to shutting off such  health producers as baseball simply  because the Sunday schools can't compete It is about time for Nelson to call  John Houston back a.nd reorganize the  city council.   How does lt come that  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  340 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplies.  A Matter of  Sense and Cents.  XVe buy us low n.s xve enn���Hint's business souse.  We sell ns low ns xve enn���Hint's progressive sense.  You buy ns low us you enn���that's  common seuie.  Vou buy ot us���Hint's dollars and  cents for both of us.  Have you tried our ice ereum this  season ?  A qunrt is Mc, \i gnl. %1.00, 1 gal. fi.00;  sent ptiekeil in ice to your home.  Baker and  Confectioner,  IK! Hastings Street.  Telephone 307.  | :   GEO. HAY   :  ���     Vancouver'!)    Pioneer    Clothes  Beuovator, makes a cult noxv.  X Dyeing and Repairing.  jl 216 cambie St., Vancouver.  t  You'll Know  Oar Drivers  By tlielr ilurk navy-blue uniforms and  their dark peaked cnpsivllh " PIONEER  LAUSBKV " on the bunds.  Our xviigons are nil dnrk red or xvlno  color. n  If you mint the BEST in Laundry xvork  ���not tbo "just us good" kind���tnnko  sure that it comes to tho Pioneer Laundry���to tlie Laundry of tho dark red  wagons and whose drivers xvcur uniforms.*  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  D. M. STEWART, Pjiop.  Phone 3-10. 910 - 914 Richards St.  Seymour Streeet,  ��AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nesbitt Manager.  NEXT WEEK  The Famous  HOPPER and HOPPER  Character Change Artists  THE GREAT CARROLL  Equilibrist par Excellence. -  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725 Hastings St. . _ Union Labor Only_  TIL.  Best  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea and Coffee Pots  Ten Kettles in nil Sizes  (Sickle Plutod)  These goods xvill lust n life time.  No svourinu to keep clean  Always look bright  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and  408 Westminster Avenue,  Vancouver  NOTICE.  We aro ne.iln offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools pf Vancouver passing  into the High School at tho conning examination with the highest marks In Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of tho Schools or the undersigned.  The II. B. A, Vogcl Commercial College  QO  O'T  F.  O.   BOX M7.  Vo--.oou.ver, B. C  l9929S90oe9pc.923aao!  Drink Empire Ceylon Tea.  oe  OSS  ce  QO  OO  CO  oo  09  oo  ?s  oa  oo  CO  So  QO  OO  OO  OO  uo  oo  oo  CO  oo  CO  oo  CO  uo  oo  oo  oo  CO  oo  oo  CO  oo  oo  eoaoasodooacoooeoeoooeesSeoeec  0009990;  9900999091  O  BUT   YOUR^--*^----  From the  CITY GROCERY COMPANY  The Cheapest, Most Reliable and  Ub-to-Date GROCERS in tbe City  THEIR SPECIALTIES-  Use Empire Baking Powder  The City Grocery Company,  The Wonderful Cheat) Oroccra.  WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  COO  ces SATURDAY MAY 18, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  Union Directory.  -VANCOUVER TRADES   AND   I*ABOR  Council,   President,   Jos. Dixon;   vice-  president,  John  Crawl  secretary, J.  C.  ZJKarshall, P. O. Box 159; financial secretary, XV. 3. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey.  ��� statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  ��C., J.  Salter. Parliamentary committee���  -Chairman, John Pearey;     secretary. J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  in each month, at 7.30 p. m., in' Union  ���Hall, cor, Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION. No. 113, W.  S". iM., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  -In Foresters' hall. Van Anda. President,  "R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A. Melville;  .secretary, A. Rapor, Van Anda, B. C;  -treasurer,  H.  V.  Price;     conductor,  P.  Burt; warden, John Wnklater.  CAUSE IMMIGRATION.  ��� OCOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 23. President, Chas.  ��� Over; vice-president, W. XV. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; fln-  .-anclnl secretary, R. J. Loundcs; treasurer, Wm. Ellendcr. Meeting every Friday  . at 8.30 p. in. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  .and Dunsmulr streets.  ' VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UnF6n,  No 220 meet the last Sunday ln each  month  at  UiHon  hall.  President,  C.  S.  Ciunplicll; vice-president, George Wilby;  .secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. o. box 68;  .treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  .Andrexv Stuart; executive committee, E.  L. Woodruff, S. It. Robb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  ;Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J. H. Browne.  .6TRBET   RAILWAY MEN'S   TOHON-  iMceta second and fourth Wednesday  of  ..each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  "Westminster avenue and Hastings street  .at 8 p. m. President, G. DicJtle; vlce-pre-  .jsldent,   C.  Bennett; secretary,     A.     G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vondcrwalkcr; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  ���sentinel,   F.   C.   O'Brien;   delegates     to  'Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  -.Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  .J. Hoxves. " ���  iUNITBD BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Sleets every sec-  .ond uud fourth Thursday in Union Hall,  ���room No. 3. President, XVm. F. MeKen-  ���zie,  AS!   Ninth   avenue;   vice-president,  Hug-h Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; flnonoial secretary, H. S. Falconer;  treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Job. Ferguson; war-  ..den, Jos. Dixon: delegates to T. and L  .-council,  Jos.  Dixon,  Robt.  Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  -THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  ;. Sunday in cncli month-at 3 p. m. in Un-  -ion liall, corner Duiiji^ulr and Homer  -streets. J. Stonoy" vice-president: R. J.  -Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Van-  . couver. Visiting 'brethren invited to at-  . tend. -   .INTERNATIONAL   ASSOCIATION   OF  MACHINISTS���Beax'er Lodge, No. 182���  "Meets second and fourth Wednesday In  -each month   in Union   Hall.  President,  ���Wm. Beer: corresponding seorotary, E.  -Tiir.mlns, 72G Hamilton street; financial  - secretary, "5. H. MoV-ety, 1211 Seymour  r street.  .JOUBENYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMEIUOA, No. 178���Meets alternate  ���Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Williams; vice-president, Miss  -Graham; recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  rttt; financial secretary, Tremalno Best;  treasurer, C. VS. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Dnoust.    ���THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month In Union Hall. Presi-  . dent, Geo. Bartley; first vice-president.  .Geo. Wilby; second xnlce-presldent. T. H.  ��� Cross; recording secretory, L. D. Taylor;  /-.financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  ��� VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2.  Meets in   Labor   Hall,     Homer  -street, every first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, presi-  , dent: Chas. Durham, socrctary, S-17 Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'L Union ot  America, Local, No. 40; Vancouver, B. C.  President. Jas. Webster; vice-president,  R.   F.   McDonald;   recording    secretary,  - Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  F. Raxx-llng. wo Granville street, room 10:  -.financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell  street; treasurer,   W. Wood; master-at-  . nrms, F. Moyles; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  - ling.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS   AND  DECORATORS,    Local Union ' No.  13S,  Meets every Thursday In Labor hall. Pre-  . ceptor, W. 'Davis; president, W.  Pavler;  - vice-president, E. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 17C0 Eighth ax'enue, Fair-  vlcxx-; financial secretary. W. Halllday,  Elesmcre House; treasurer, II. MeSorley: trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  .Cole.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR.  PENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  ���branch, meets every alternate Tuesday,  .dn room No. 2, Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidson; secretary, J. T. Bruce, 528 Har-  - rls   streat.  V- \'0RS'     UNION.     NO.     35'  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  ��� ln Union hall. President, A. Kochel;-vlce-  piesldent,  C.     Croxvder;     secretary,  G.  -Thomas, Jr., 148 Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  nrms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Trades  nnd Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  ���THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  -meets In O'Brien's Hall,     the first and  ttihd  Tuesdays of each month.     T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  '2,022  Westminster Avenue.  REV.  MR. VROOMAN.  The i-emoval ot Rev. W. A. Vroo-man  ���tram Winlnpeg to Vancouver, noxv decided upon, xvlll cause deep regret to  ninny Voice  readers.   In  his .walk of  life xx-e have all too fexv of'the stamp of  Mr.'Vrooman; his wMc sympathy, research  nnd  courage   in dealing with  .all  that concerns  human social  xvel-  jfare hiux'e made him a marked man  amongst clerics.   He Is one of the fexv  xx-ho recognize the tmnsltlx'e character  , of the clays xve live ln and the necessity for a presentation of truth that  - harmonizes nil  true human Interests.  - In tho pulpit and on the platform la-  - bor has never had a truer friend in  Winnipeg than tho retiring pastor.  In Vuncouxw Mr. Vrooman xvlll  find a xxido, ripe Jleld awaiting a true evangel, and a considerable  clement of reformers xxiio xx-111 promptly appreciate his labor and co-operate  xx-lth him. To that of his many friends,  tlie Voice adds its tribute of regret at  Winnipeg's loss, and its earnest hope  for his usefulness and 'happiness in  Vaneoiix-oi-.���Winnipeg Voice.  For stomach trouble ot any Wnd txulco  Flint's Dyspepsia. Tablets.   They cure  , or you get your money badk.   DQc box.  McDoxvell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Noxv  that the labors    of the royal  commission  appointed    to  Investigate  the  question  of  Mongolian   Immigration Is draxving to a close, and the different  interests have presented their  respective vlexx-a as to the advisability  of further restricting the little moon-  eyed Invader from coming to this country, nnd a vast amount of data has  been   collected   xx'hlch,    through   the  press, has become public property, xve  feel that the publication of a fexv extracts therefrom and comments thereon  xx-IU not be inopertune.   One very Important and particular phase of the sit*-  uaitlon that must not be lost sight of  is the fact of the unanimous testimony  of employer and employed to the effect  that If Canadian labor Is to repel or  successfully compete xvlth the Chinee,  he must not attempt to bui-then himself xx*lth a family.   Another phase of  the general testimony that all olasses  especially agree upon Is that xve have  here  a  country  possessed   of  natural  xx-ealth in fish, mines, lumber and agriculture unsurpassed on the continent.  Yot the employer xvill have the hardihood to tell us that xx-e cannot develop  our unlimited resources unless xx-e till  this country xxxlth a cheap labor, xvhioh,  according    to  their    oxvn    testimony,  means the extermination of our Canadian laborer.   Another peculiar phase  ofthe question is the manner In xx-hich  It is proposed to elevate the xvhite laborer by employing Mongols.   It is said  that xve are enabled to pay xx-ihite labor higher xvages, or, in other xvords,  that the profits made on the Mongol  are turned ox-er to the xvhite.   The admirable consistency with xvhioh these  people reconcile  this nexv relationship  of benex-olence and greed, pocket and  judgment, was brought out by Commissioner Foley in his    unlciue    xvay of  cross-examining a xvltness, xvhen lt xvas  smld in effect that brotherly love and  self-interest    justified    the    using    ot  brother Chinaman as a xveapon to compel  brother  Canada  to surrender  his  unlust share of the product of effort,  and, because brother Canada enters a  rii-otest that may Impair brother Chinaman, brother Capital becomes horrified at Brother Canada for trampling  upon   ithe     principles     of   universal  brotherhood - of   man.   This    suggests  the inauguration  of an  entirely new  system of' ethics.   Another very kindly  blessing unlx-ersally conceded by employers to be In the Interest of xvhite  labor is that they -are desirous of be-  stoxvlng upon it Is outlined somexxlhat  ns folloxvs:   By the employment of this  che'io labor to do the drudgery, consisting of often more than half of the  xx-hole xvork  involved, it xvlll  tend to  elox-iite the xvhite man into a boss or  mechanic.   When xve realize thait these  branches of Industry,  employing perhaps -flivo .in 100 of our entire population, are    already   oversupplled,    and  that It Is proposed to croxx-d the laborer, constituting one-third or 33 1-3 in  100 of our entire  population,  into an  industry already o\rersupplIed, employ-  ins uut five men, or In a nutshell it is  proposed ito give employment to 3S 1-2  men in, an Industry noxv ovcrcroxvded  ���with but ifive.   Here xve hax-e a lesson  in  Industrial  economy of xvhioh John  Stuart  Mill    might  .xvell    be    nroud.  But, xvoi-kers, don't'lose sight of the  kindly intention in the back ground.   If  It be difficult to comprehend from your  standpoint the right of these creatures  of industry to speak ex: cathedra  on  the  subject  the  proposition must be  questioned.   Again,   x\-e   are told   tliat  we need this cheap labor till the country gets a good start.   Then the su-  peilor race xxilll, -by competition, drive  the alien race out.   Noxv,  if xx-e cannot do this to-day, hoxv may we expect to do  It xvhen these people become accustomed to our language.   It  Is a case of "xvlll you come Into my  porlor? sayis the spider to .the fly."  We  have gone through an experiment in  Vlotoi;Ia^whioh~IiaF^taugirru.r'tlmirit  ���is the Canadian and not the Mongol  that.is migrating.   The xvhite laborer  there Is fast becoming extinct xx-hen  his remains xvlll soon be found only In  the stratified rocks of the beginning of  the nexv Mongol era, or mayhap as a  ourln on a shelf ln the anatomical museum, side by side xvlcti Victoria's other  famous fossils knoxvn as the stone man.  Again xve have been given to understand that If further restriction Is applied Victoria's Four Hundred will leave  In  a- body for the Flowery Kingdom,  where Lliey can enjoy, unmolested by  the Ciinndlnn njritator or politician, tho  luxury of the Mongol serxiint and the  delicious flavor of the sexvuge Irrigated  vegetables.   This  xx-ould  be  disastrous  to our country���xve don't  think.   But  they think that If they left, the affairs  of' society xvould go smash, that the  canneries, the mills and even the mines  would all bo closed doxvn. That Is xx-hat  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore failing appetite and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  our codfish aristocracy believes will be  the result if they should leave tis because they xvlll not be allowed to have  cheap Chinese. Primitive conditions  xvlll be restored, the war whoop of the  Canadian savage echoing through the  ruins of the Dunsmuir castle, agitator MacClaln upon the ruins of Billy  Irving's cannery, devouring the last  salmon that will ever attempt to stem  the current of tlie majestic Fraser.  Oh Baibylon, Athens, Rome, Victoria?���  history again repeating itself. But the  visions of ruin hunting must not malke  us loose sight of the fact we had In view  ln starting out, xvhich was .to touch and  comment upon some of the individual  testimony giix'cn.  Mr. Grant, merchant tailor, Victoria,  sxvorn, tasttfled in effect: Ten years  ago there xx-as in Victoria 130 xvhite  tailors, 90 men and 40 xx-omen. Since  then the city has doubled its population and reduced the number of xvhite  tailors to 51���21 men and 30 women.  Whilst the number of Mongol tailors  has increased proportionately, the decrease In xvhites has been added to Seattle's population, where I suppose a  laok of culture on the part of the people has enabled the Canadian tailor to  still ply his vocation. Here Is seen a  practical Illustration of hoxv In the future the superior race xvill crowd out  the Inferior.  Mr. Kirk, manufacturer, importer  and canner, sxx-orn, ~a.d: "WITH CHINESE LABOR WE CAN DRIVE THE  EASTERN MANUFACTURER OUT  OF THIS PROVINCE. I xx-ould prefer to see goods consumed in British  Columbia manufactured here by Chi  nese labor alone, than gix-e employment  to xvhite labor in the east to do it. I  xvould adx'I^e the establishment here of  a coolie clnss. We cannot properly develop our industries xx-ithout It."  Hero you have a fpeclmon of the vast  majority .of the British Columbia Chil-  nesp immigration 'fiends. One of ith'e  gentlemen here says that by employing  Mongols to "hexv xvood and carry xva-  ter," you xxilll elevate xx'hlte labor to  bosses and superintendents. Oh, marked "man xx-lth the hoe," xvill you never  appreciate a good thing xvhen it is offered you.  Statistics given by the Chinese Board  of Trade. Victoria: There are in Victoria 3,278 Chinese, of xvhich laborers  constitute 2,749. Were this number  substituted for xvhites. It xx'ould mean a  population of -about 15,000. Of these,  Chinese, but 96 are xvomen, $2 being  married and four being prostitutes.  These people -come from -at country  xx'here, according to their oxx-n testimony, the average xvage is from 3 to 5  cents a day, and the cost of'llx-ing 11-2  to 2 1-2 cent's a, day. These people receive here an average of about tl a  day. Climatic nnd other conditions  enable them to xvork but from four to  seven months in the year. With these  facts before us, nre we British Columbians nanroxv-mlnded, national or religious bigots, for taking a stand  against the Chinese? Remember, the  price of 'living hero and tlio cost of  rent is from 10 to Oft per cent, higher  than in the east, xvhile out-of-doors  xvork can be had for only seven or  eljrht months in the year.  Mr. Humber, brick maiker, contractor.  Victoria, sxx'orn: Our business can not  be run by xvhite labor. It is true I  employed xvhites largely up to a fexv  years ago, but thoy hald the gall to ask  me for an Increase of xvages, and ns  I xvlll not permit my help to run my  business I discharged them, and have  since employed nearly all Chinese.  Here xx-e have txx-o motlx-es malklng  Chinese immigration desirable���one  cheap labor, the other because of their  usefulness" as a goad to Ikeep the Canuck animal up in the collar and taking the kick out of h_m. This industry  xx-aS run flx-e years ago ,by xvhites and  has noxv a protection of $2.50 a thousand.  Mr. C. Todd, wholesaler and canner,  sxvorn; I-WOULD-RATHER-SEE OUR  CLOTHES, .BOOTS >\ND SHOES  MADE HERE BY CHINESE THAN  IN THE EAST BY FRENCH-CANADIANS.  French-Canadians, xx-hat do yon  think of this? You were engaged  In the Trnnsxmal n short time ago  ���fighting your country's battles; your  forefathers bled, and died on the frontiers of Canada in 1S12, repelling the  foreign Invndcr In order that the old  "union jaclc" should float over this  broad country of ours. Now this in-  duslrlal pirate would refuse you employment In the land that gn_x-o you  birth, and for which yourselx-es nnd  forefathers have sacrificed so much to  defend.  If our country gets into trouble and  a call Is made for troops, jir. Todd can  continue to roll up his profits xx-ith his  Mongol help. Ho may also bo called  upon to assist In fitting you out xvlth  a gaudy apparel and treat you to a  patriotic hurrah, and pat you on the  back and sh'sHre you warmly by tlie  hand, and in all likelihood roll his hypocritical eyes heavenward and pray the  god of battle to shield you from nil  harm.   But th'e duty you will be ex  pected to perform may vary at times.  Another Fraser river strike may occur,  and you may be called out to "Shoot  to kill" your fellow-wonker, or assist  in tying his hands, whilst he is being  robbed of his birthright by an alien  race to gratify the greed of your patriotic friend.  Major Chas. Dupont, mine promoter,  sxvorn: I am engaged ia placer mining, employing 200 men. I could not  run my business with whites. By employing Mongols I am enabled to give  employment to three xvhite foremen.  If I had to employ xx-hltes, xvould shut  doxvn. I formerly xx-onked xvhites, but  they asked for more pay, ,nnd not  deeming lt xx-ise -to permit my help to  run my business I dismissed them and  employed Chinese, and they give me  satisfaction.  Major Dupont does not appear to  hax-e made the change because it xvas  not profitable, but 'because the Canadian dared to as.k for Increased pay.  Further he says xx-e must hare Chinese  here to prevent the tyranny of labor.  Hoxvever, the major is practical at  least. He not only says he employs  Chinese In order to elevate the whites,  employing three bosses. This gentleman proposes to use the Chinese for  the purpose of coercing the Canadian  laborer from attempting ito better his  conditions. Is it advisable to alloxv this  autocrat to deplete the mineral xvealth  of this country for his own and an  alien's benefit by refusing to employ  the people to whom the xvoi-lc rightfully  belongs. This employer o-f Chinese is  a genuine specimen of the'product of  ipiesent economic conditions. He imagines that the xx-hole nation must step  aside xvhen their interests conflict with  his, and that It is a crime for the xx-orlk-  er to demand a fair day's pay for a fair  day's xvork. Here Is 'voiced the sentiments of 90 per cent, of the advocates  of Mongol cheap labor. These gentlemen seem blind to the fact that the  basic principles of modern governments  is the best interest of the xx-hole people,  but hold to the belief that when individual interests conflict xxith this principle that the interest of the individual  must alxx-ays be subservient to the interests of all.  Major Dupont tells us that in California the agitation against Chinese  was carried on by a fexv agitators of  sand-lot fame. This is rather a strong  assertion In the face of the fact that  a plebiscite taken in California resulted  in a x-ote of about 700 for and 13ft,000  against Chinese immigration. The  "agitator" in California seeq-ed to have  a considerable folloxx-ing, as had their  predecessors in other ages and lands���  for .instance, Moses, Christ, Bright,  Garrison, Philips, and old John Broxvn.  Mr. Wilson, plumber, Victoria,  sxvorn: I WOULD MUCH PREFER  TO SEE, THIS COUNTRY FILLED  WITH CHINESE THAN WITH  FRENCH-CANADIANS.  Napoleon Boneparte, here you have  a specimen of the bind of people that  oppose the anti-Chinese movement.  Again Mr. Wilson tells us that xve  cannot get female domestics. Now, jn  introducing the Mongol to do common  labor you shut the door in the face of  the xvhite female serx-ants xx-ho xvould  be drawn fiom other provinces in Canada. In other xxords you have closed  the faucet and the xx-a-ter has ceased  to run. This Chinese invasion xvill not  be confined to this province. A people  xvho can 'wonk at home for ifilx-e cents  a day and live on 2 1-2 cents xvill not  hesitate to go to Toronto or Montreal  and elsewhere in -the east to xx-orfc for  75 cents or SI a day.     >  Ttex*. Canon Beanlands, English  church minister, sxx-om: I looik upon  the coming here of Chinamen as a xvise  dispensation of Providence intended to  give us an opportunity or not only bettering our condition, but also of bettering the condition of the Chinese. My  idea xx'ould be to establish a coolie class  here, similar to the Athenian system  that mode Athens the school house of  xx-orld.-~ There"  P. O. BOX 296. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands:  MONOGRAM,' MARGUEIUTA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Comer Aloxnnilcr street and Columbia Avenue, .Vnncouver, B. C.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.  Tha " King Quality " Shoo has lw*a a-w-ni-*thi~G<jU JfeM  ���tha highest award at the Fhrii Exposition. Aflaoods Mimnri njw  UNION LABEL, Be gars ttiw "King Quality" is branded oi yo*r **��*, vfaSfl  means perfoct��3&tlsfaotion.  Made by THE J. D. KING CO., UmltecJ, Toronto...  Greenlee* Brother*  L08INEy RARE OLD and  Q. B. LiDUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to anq other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street.  the���xx-orid.���- There "a system of  slavery xx-as adopted applying to half  the Inhabitants. This gasve the upper  class leisure to cultivate the arts and  sciences and thus obtain a degree of  civilization that has nexier been surpassed, at least up to our time. I  xx'ould much prefer to hiwe Chinese ns  servants to mnny Europeans, or PEOPLE OF TIIE ENGLISH FARMING  CLASS for Instance.  Noxx', the Eiifc'llsh semiint seems to  glx-e satisfaction to the Kins: of England, Lord Salisbury, and others, but  yot nre unfitted to minister lo the fn.s-  tldlous ttiNte of a secluded preacher ln  B. C. Tommy Atkins and Be~~le Jonos,  you xx'ill do xvell to Rtx'e Vancoux'er  Island a xvido berth If such shalloxv-  pated visionaries are permitted to continue to dish up religion, morals nnd  .philosophy to Victoria's Four Hundred,  and imparting tone to society. Is It  any wonder that John Chinaman is  drlxins the worker to tramping- and the  xvhite domestic God only Icnoxvs where.  The Meal conditions that prevailed  In Athens xvere not wlth'out their  drawbacks. If history Is read aright  Athens, too, like modern industrial  communities, had Its trouble xx-ith slave  labor, xvhioh led to revolt at times.  Are x\re prepared to put such outbreaks  ���down xx-lth the same barbarous methods used by the Athenians? Under this  new system evolution xx-ould soon re-  Produce ngitaitor HacClain in the person of agitator Wing Lee. Then we  xvould hax-e to han-e recourse to the  pushing up system spoken of before,  and import the South Sea cannibal and  admit the regenerated Chinese into the  ranks of tlie aristocracy, but xx-hen the  cannibal islander arrived at the agitating stage xx-e x\-nl again be compelled to  crowd out and make more room. Then  xvhat about tlie machine? Eut ���hold,  xve must .be content xvith laying tlie  foundation for future generations to  rearrange. If the reverend scholar  xx-ould -study history a little more he  xvould find that t'he system, of xx-hich  he is such an admirer, eventually-  transformed the sturdy Athenian, xx-ho,  a. fexv centuries before, xvith his Spartan ally, hurled the armies of Xerxls  from the plains of Greece, Into a pleas-  ure-lox'-lng, indolent, effeminate aristocracy, xvho became incapable of offering effeotive resistance to the stal-  xvart Roman invader. The same argument applies to Sparta, Babylon, Rome,  and almost every important nation of  antiquity.  CANADIAN:  and  pacific  LINE  UNION LABEL HATS  Sold by Donaldson & Mathews, clothiers and hatters, 74 Cordova street.  Ibe Mint  Is tlio_iiexv___s.alooii_at���the-corner  of Carrall and Hustings streets. Case  goods are tiie best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Kninier lieer, o cents.  , Convalescents need Eisen Tort���"the  builder up of the xveak"���50o bottle.  Gold Soul .Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  ���WTien'you want to hire a flrst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  Why do you cough when "BIG 4  COUGH GIRE " v>ill cure you.  Mason ��> Ulscb  Mux- be bought by monthly instnlmonts from  Gideon Hicks & Co.  123 Hnstlncs street,  Voncoux-��,  SS Government st.  Victoria.  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To nil points in Can-da and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBAIK  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILINGS FOR JATAN AND CHINA.  Empress of China 5fay 6th  Empre6sof India May 27th  '  Empress of Japan Juno 17th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOR HONOI/OLB AMD AUSTRALIA.  Aorangi May 3rd,  Moana MaySlst,.' l  Mioxvera June 28th.,,"'  anil ex'ery four xvceks thereafter. '  For further particulars astotlmo rates etc.. _ "  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATKB,   \  A. Q. P. A. Ticket Agent, ;  Vancouver, B- C. 428 Hastings St,  Vancouver, B. 0  Sujj|jly  From Tlielr Nanalmo, Soutliflclci and  i'rotccliou Island Collieries,  Steam, Gas  and  Blouse Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run ofthe Mine,  Waalied Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEJfAN A EVANS, Agents,   '  Vancouver City, B. C.  THE INDEPENDENT  $1.25 a Year.  -lv\  m  .���}  /*  A\  it  ti  $1  b*|  m  m  m  J  I  41 THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAT  18,  1901  SALMAGUNDI.  Gambling is piracy on society.  A coot! way to make youngsters truthful is to  never lie yourself.  Like the bee, xve should make our industry  our amusement.���Goldsmith.  Tlio worst of all  knaves arc tlioso  xvho can  niluile their former honesty.���Laxatcr.  A man In Chicago xvas lined lor swearing in  Swecdlsh. It is probably as bad a form of profanity as anyone could indulge In.  llesilcnt xvhen there Is nothing to be said;  but lie pertinent anil sincere xvhen you have  something lu say. Tills is tlie only speech  worth making.  Bud lend pencils remind us of somo menxie  knoxv, xvho think they are great speakers.  They never iniike a good point, in fact no  point at till.  The case for kissing Edward's hand���  'Tis a custom.   XX'e must follow it.  The hand is there to kiss or miss,  No one is forced to swallow it.  Toronto Star.  Eugene Field once mid that " humanity progresses." The best xvorks of the past have sur-  vix-ed and come dow n to us in books, "our dearest legacies, our proudest possessions nnd our  best beloved companions."  It is most unfortunate that the Dook oi Korn-  xvnll xvill not bo permitted to have his hand  kissed. Tlio king alone hnsjhat privilege. No  doubt If he had ho xvould keep a clean spot for  Vancouver's four hundred.  When the lady asked " Bob" Johnson, of the  Aqmitic Cigar Store, for some cigars for a tall  thin man, he said Hint his Aquatic hriind wns  Just the thing. .Vow, xvhnt brand would Bob  recommend for n stout, dark man?  Don't drug yoiir.childrcn from their beds before it Is daylight. l.el them have plenty of  Bleep. Don't compel them to associate all that  is wearisome and irksome xvilli xx-ork. Trent  tlicin ns your own ci|iials. Home without love  is hell.  The associated press despalches announce  that .1. I'ierpont Morgan cannot sleep xvell  o' nights. Till- fact should be comforting lo a  large number of young men hereabouts xvho  can sleep 10 hours every night on ?10 n neck.  should therefore be looked after by Grady of  the chain gang.  According to the press, reports the sultan of  Morocco hns ordered a set of Highland bagpipes  and intends to become civilized. XX'o suppose  llie music ol thu bagpipe Is calculated "tb  sooth the savage breast," etc. The sultan Is  surely going to have the real article, for he has  choose as one of tho chief ofllcers of his court a  man by tho name of Maclean, a nephew* of the  Highland chief of Lochbino, in Mull. With  such influences the sultan ought to make rapid  progress toward civilization. Our Scottish  readers will ploase nol Hike offense. We menu  uo reilectlon on the music of the bagpipe.  The Way They Dough in Dawson.  Here is a copy of Ihe Inscription printed on a  letter head from Daxvson.   Us n gem:  Sour Dough Hotel. 13M Icicle avenue, Daxvson,  Y.T. Best houso north of Mexico. First class  In every particular. Every known fluid���xvater  excepted���for sale at the bar. l'rivato entrance  lor ladies by ladder in the rear. Rates, one  ounce per day. Special rules to ministers  and the gambling 'pcrfoli'. Indians nnd  niggers charged double. Crap, chuck luck,  slud poker and black jack games run by ihe  management No ice uoims in our xvater.  Dogs bought and sold. Insect powder for sale  at the bar.  House rules: Guests xiili bo provided xvith  breakfast and dinner, but must rustle tlieir  oxi n lunch. Spiked boots must be removed nt  night. Dog" not allowed in the bunks  Candles nnd hot water charged extra. Towels  changed weekly.  INDUSTRIAL  XX'e owe It to the unborn that xve shall leave  this earth in as good order, if not bolter, than  we found it. To.niorrow we go-let U" remember our brothers and sisteii xvho shall live hero  xi-hen xve nre gone. And if our simple actions  noxv shall make life's burdens lighter for them  xve shall not have lived in vain ���Morrison.  All this tw-mldlo about kissing King Edward's  hand on state occasions is sickening. The  Toronto Star thinks that the problem could be  solved by the king himself having his arm  amputated. But then no doubt his loyal gov.  eminent xvould compel, him to get a xvooden  stump xvilli a piece of something tacked on to  it to kiss���an old cover of a police magistrate's bible lor instance.  Liberty.  Talk about the liberty of our public men,  especially politicians. Ingersoll once snid that  the successful olhcc-seoKor and general grafter  is a good deal like the centre ofthe earth; he  . weighs nothing himself, but draws everything  else io him. There are so many societies, so  many different churches, so many isms, that it  Is almost impossible for an independent or honest man lo succeed iu a political enrcer.  Hard on the Tailors as Wei 1 as Others.  Carlyle says that upxvards of a century must  elapse, and still the bleeding light of freedom  bo fought, xvhoso is noblest perishing in tho  Tan', and tli roues be hurled on altars like Pclion  on Ossa, and the Molock of Iniquity have his  victims, and the Michael of Justice his martyrs,  before tailors can be admitted to their true prerogatives of mauhood, and this last xvound of  suffering Humanity be closed.  The total of __Inc products in Europe in 1W0  wns nDoui SM.OOO tons of2,'J40 pounds, and in  tlie United Stales lUD.OOO tons of the sumo  xvoight, xvhich makes the w'orld's yield foi the  year 5-20,1100 long tons.  Tho Odessa correspondent says that as a result of the unprecedented commercial and  industrial stiigntitiou in Russia generally, and  in Southern Russia more particularly, there  ine ni pre��cnl close upon ''5,000 artisans and  laboring people in Odessa out of emplopment,  in Nicolnieff 15,0un, in Khurkoff 20,01X1, in Ekiiter-  nioslnf 10,000, in Elizarctgrud 0,000 and m nil  the other and smaller industrial centers proportionate numbers of unemployed xioik-  pcople.  The vnlue ol the mineral production of New-  South Wales for l'JOu xvas ��G,570,S20, being an in-  ercascof jcii3,_!tU on the figures, of ]6!��. The  aggregate value of tlio nominal products up to  the end of I'JOO is estimated at ��110,033,332.  In 1900 the production of coal in France xvns  3.1,270,3.5 tons, im incpjnse of 107,073 tous over  1809. The totnl consumption during 1900 wns  13,111,920 tons, or 2,308,51,2 tons more thnn was  consumed in ISM). Of the impoits, M,3JS,7I0  tons, Great DiUaiii,"iipplled S,000,000 tons.  Although ncurnto liguies have not yet been  compiled, it is undoistood that ihe colored  population of the United States will closely  approximate 8,500,1'IW, an increase of 1,029,9_0,  or 13.78 percent, overihe population of 389,1.  Theie must be something iu theoft-r.Ilo.atod  reports that the Slbeilau railway lias boon imperfectly conslruclcil. The latest evidence to  tills effect is found iu tlie St. Petersburg corres  poiidencc of tho Berlin I.okal-Anzeiger, the  author of xvhich stales lhat "ihe railway re-  quires to Incompletely rclai'l, but this deiiiiiiuls  an outlay of 35,000 to -10,000 roubles per verst,  or, taking the roubles ui 2s., uf��j,'._30 to ��0,0!i0  per mile. The ongiual cost xvas 30,000 to 33,-  000 roubles per vcist, or ��7,50.��lo ��S,'__.) permile.  There is now no doubt but thnt thu railway was  planned on too small a scale and much loo  ligh lly constructed."  Tho industrial center of Russia is gradually  moving toward the south, wiiero the production of iron, coal and petroleum is continually  increasing. At the present time about 9,(180,000  tons of coal and about 6,131,000 tons of petroleum are produced In Southern Russia, and at  the saino lime the metallurgical induslrics nnd  the trade iu central Asiatic cotlou are also increasing. As the railways arc not able to cope  with increasing traffic, other means have to bo  sought, and the construction of a caual has  been projqjited xvhich Is to connect Astrakhan  with Taganrog, on tlie son of Azov. Tlie projected caual is estimated to cost about .22,203,-  000. The canal will bo so eonstruelcd as to  bo available for irrigation purposes.  It has teen said by an eminent author that  tbe trouble with most wives is that they tiro not  caught young enough. Tho sage, Dr. Johnson,  in effect said that "much can bo made of a  Scotchman If caught young," and ho. asserts  tbat this is equally true of women. Women  who marry very young iind are taught properly  will In time actually fool a contempt for other  wives who may object to their manly husbands  smoking ln bed.  Pitcher Lester Harvio of the baseball team, as  every one knows, is a strong favorite with the  ladles, but Shortstop Holmes says that "he  swells himself so much on his shape that he  has not much time to think about anything  else." Let that be as it may, Lestor is real  -witty.���Aftor Snturday's-game a stranger-from  Victoria accosted him with tho query: "Sir, did  you see my wile at the grounds V " Whereupon  he retorted, " Why, old boy, I didn't know till  this instant that you had a wife," and in soto  voce added " No accountln' for tastes."  The other day I saxv txvo xvheelmon on a tandem, scorch down Hastingsstrect.come within  an ace of striking an oged lady on tho crossing  and liy into space almost before you could say  Jack Robinson. I had hoped lobe chief xvit-  nees nt the Inquest over both their bodies, to  have given expert evidence lhat they xvere  going 20 miles an hour, and that their removal  was an act of Providence and good for the city.  Runaway horses and scorchers aro very dangerous and should bo always securely fastened  when loft alone.  The scorcher Is tho worst and  Petroleum in Canada.  Crude petroleum Is pumped through pipes  fourteen miles from tho oil wells lnLnmbton,  Kent, and Botlnvcll to the refineries in Sarnla.  Tlicre are about 9,000 oil xvclls, and the average  yield is nearly 00,000 barrels, xvhich results in  forty per cent, reiined oil. The oil is pumped  from an average depth of -165 feet. In 1899 there  were produced In Canada 11,883,672 gallons of  illuminating oil, of a value of Jl,107,870. Canada Imported in 1899 oils of all kinds to the  value of? 1,408,000.  The Mint.  Ib located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and tho prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer,5cents.  Now, gentlemen,"lfere is" tlie "shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Jillis.  MODERN GROWTH OF NATIONAL  DEBTS.  It is pretty generally recognized by the  ax'crage citizen xvho devotes nny attention whatever to such matters tlint thu  system of national indebtedness is distinctively a modern development.   It is  only,  however,   wheiwsome  nexv  and  striking ndditiou is made to the volume  of tlio debt of a great state that account  i.s likely to be taken of. the-;extent  to  which the national debts of the xvorld  have grown in times comparatively tc-  cent.   The debts of thy nations have almost quadrupled  during tlio last half  century or so, and that nine-tenths of  their total amount have been contracted  during the nineteenth century.   Som  statistics bearing oil this subject hax-e  lately been prepared",by  the treasury  bureau of statistics.   His shown that in  1793, at the outset of the Napoleonic  warn, the national debts of the xvorld  amounted to a little less than $2,500,000,-  000���$2,483,250,000, to  be precise.   By  1S20, five years after the close  of the  long struggle, the total had increased to  if",299,750,000.   The following three decades saw only a comparatively small increase,    the    aggregate    indebtedness  amounting in 184S to only $S,419,045,-  000.   Tlie next! 5 years, however, showed a marked increase, the total having  reached in 1802 the sum of $13,382,875,-  000. The next 10 years, which xvitnessed  the great struggle in the United States,  the xvar between Prussia and Austria  and tlie xvar betxveon France and Germany, saxv the total debts increase to  $22,410,232,000.   I-ess of an increment,  though  still  a" considerable one,  xvns  shown in the folloxving decade, at  the  close of xvhich the aggregate stood at  $20,249,1)01,000.   The growth in the last  Ixvo decades has been at a slower rate,  the total for the present year being put  at $31,493,749,000.  FROM KAMLOOPS.  At Kamloops, 15. C, the local branch  of the Trades and Labor Congress held  its second meeting last Friday. There  was a big attendance, xvhen a number of  nexv members xvere initialed. This local  branch is to be knoxvn as the Federal  Labor Union, No. 18, and has endorsed  the folloxving platform of principles:  1. Free compulsory education.  2. Legal xvorking day of S hours, and  (i days to a xveek.  3. Gox'ernnient inspection of all industries.  4. Tlie abolition of the contract system on all public xvorks.  5. A minimum living xi'age based on  local conditions.  (i. Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telegraphs, xvater-  works, lighting, etc.  7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on industry and increasing it on land  values.  8. Abolition of the Dominion Senate.  0. Exclusion of Chinese.,  10. The "Union Label to be' placed on  all manufactured goods xvhere practicable and on all government und municipal supplies.  11. Abolition of child labor by children  under 14 years of age; and of female  labor in all branches of industrial life,  such as mines, workshops, factories, etc.  12. Abolition of property qualifications  for all public oflices.  13. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  14. Proportional representation xvith  grouped constituencies and abolition of  municipal xvards.  15. Direct legislation through the initiative and referendum.  10. Prohibition of prison labor in competition xvith free labor.  The prospect for a good summer is  doubtful.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a line livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it ?  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CU.KE.  neve:* falls to completeQy cure a cold  xvlfhin 24 hours. Gives Instant relief���  uaranteod, your .money buck. 25c.  box nt McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  China Tea Sets  ENGLISH CHINA TEA PETS, floral  spray ami ({old decoration, io  pieces.  $0.50  China*Tea Sets  While mnl Hold Decorated ENGLISH  CHINA TEA SETS, lilv shape  ���11 pieces.  $8.50  Bread and  Butter Plate*  ENGLISH CHINA DREAD and IIUT-  TER PLATES, pink floral decoration, xvlth gold edges.  $2.25 DOZ.  Water Sets  Clear Crystal AMERICAN LEAD  GLASS XVATEIl SETS, 0 tumbler.,  and pitcher.  65c.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Hall, 819 Hastings Street.  FROM CHEMAINUS.  Tlicre xvas a grand exodus from tlie  xvoods at Chemainus on Monday owing  to a reduction in xvages by the mill company ol from 25 cents to tl a man.   All  the men left their xvork and demanded  their"tim"e.~_Th"e~ciisliieran(rbobk"-kee~p-  er xvere kept pretty busy all  morning  settling accounts.    About 25 men are  affected by the strike, their pay before  the cut ranging from $2.25 to $3.75 a dny,  tlie reduction therefore being a serious  matter.   It is reported that men xvill be  brought over from the Sound to take the  vacant places.   There has been more or  less trouble betivecn the company and  the men ever since the contract with Mr.  Higginsxvas abandoned and the former  undertook to get out their oxvn logs themselves.   Under the new  foreman, Mr!  .Smith,a number of very vexatious regulations were put in force.   It is staled  tlml  the local management,   however,  with xvhoni the men always got aloii;  xvell, have nothing to do xvith the cut  which has been instituted in accordance  xvith the orders of the American directors.   _N'ot much is attached  to the report that the company may import men  from the Sound.   The company is too  xvell axvare that Dominion Labor Commissioner Jircinnrr might have a word  to say about such a step even if it had  ever been contemplated.  fURNITURE  Carpets, Linoleums, Window-  shades, Etc., try  411.-118 Westminster Ave.    Opposite City Hall.  WE CARRY^  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  500 XX'cstininstcr Avenue.'  Wo are offering Watches  at bottom prices.  140 CORDOVA SIREET.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General -=^.  Consulting Mechanical Engineer!.  520 Coiidova St. XV., Vancouver, B. c. Tel. 76  Patentees and designers o( the Hardle-  Tliampson xvater tube boiler, new hfeh  speed reversing engines, und special  machinery in light sections lor mines.  Propellers Designed.  Engines indicated and  adjusted.  Sole agents in B. C. and N. W. Territories lor  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd,  London, Kng.  ��� Want a New Bike?  Come iri and let us tell you about our new  Easq Payment Plan. You'll own a high-grade  wheel before you realize it is costing you anything.  ASK ABOUT IT.  ���  Bicycle Store  24 Cordova St.  SOLE AGENT  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLES.  t  ���"  McFeely & Co.  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  are  MAIL ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��. ���0.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C. -  U3T Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Tlie name of Packard is u guarantee of the highest quality, style* ���  and fit produced in shoe leather, an American shoe that is not an--  oxperiment, but enjoying the largest output of any shoe in the' *  Unit d States trade of shoes. We have them in all leathers, shapes'-  and styles and are the exclusive agents in this vicinity. -���  $5.0�� Per Pair.  9  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  FOR GENTLEMEN'S HIGH ART,  TAILOR-MADE GARMENTS  SUITS TO ORDER  OR READY-TO-WEAR  AT HALF BEST TAILORS' PRICES.  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B. CV  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  -such~that^imosr~ev-~  erybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  fishing  Tackle  Rods, Reels, Lines, Casts,  Flies, Artificial Baits, Traces,  Baskets, Wading Trousers,  Gut Hooks and Fly Books.-,  -581  Hastings-  Street.  FOR MEN AND BOYS  , He, will be a welWfessed man xvho xx-ears Johnston, Kerfoot & Co.'s  Clothing'this'summer. Well-dressed in every sense of the word. Ex-  cellent'materials, excellent colors and patems, excellent workmanship,  excellent fit.  ^..JThat comes_ about_as_nei_r_pcr_ecti0n in clothing __iB,it_is_possible  to get. -  $8.50, $10.00, $12.50, $14.00, and u|> to $20.00 the suit.  JOHNSTON, KERFftOT ��* CO.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers, 104-6.CORDOVA.STREET,  Hatters and Mens'* furnishers,   . , VANCOUVER.  . Gold Seal Canadian live is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  Telephone 651  Western Cartage Co  OOOOOOC<)(X)OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi  REMOVAL SALE^-����^-^  \V. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays  and Express  Wagons  for  all   Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  Office! 314 Cambie Street.  ..TO REDUCE STOCK...  344 Carrall St.  Tel. IOI.  CMOOOOOOOCOOOOOxOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOC}OOOOOOOOOx~OOOOCOOo!  Massey ��� Harris and Stearns  ALL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT   KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best plnco in B. C. to have your .  Blcyclo repaired.  A.  30000000000C  ���M. BEATTIE,  Real Estati: and G~.vekal  Al'Ctionekr  Olllco ana'Sales Room, 107 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, B.C.   'Phone864. '  Ctf~ Farm Stock and Land a specialty

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