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The Independent Jul 27, 1901

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 ���M-V^^C^, ui'  * V���.<'���>  "-'  u  1EW YOUK LIFE IKSURAKCE ���0  The oldest nnd largest International company In the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cockbura - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  K. 0. PERMMEST IM JUW  m  Authorized Capital   -    J10,000,OCO  subscribed Capital   -   -    1,600,000  Assets over    ....      :|00,000  Howl Olllco U_!l Cniublu Street, Van  couver, II. C.  VOL. 3.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JULY 27, 1901.  NO. 18.  THE C. P. R. STRIKE.  "How's tlie union?" The Independent  asked the president of the local truckmen's union. "Solid as the rocks of  Cibraltar," 'came the reply, "|and the  men are determined to stand by their  oastern brothers. Never mind Vancouver, she's all right."  A dispatch received at this olllce  Btates that the men ln the east ai\;  firm as a rock. The train crews on  the Owen Sound branch naive suspended work, and reports from other points  say that the train crews aire getting  very restless.  00 tho Editor of The Independent:  Sir,���I  returned   to Vancouver from  "    up the line recently, and having seen  eavteral   pitable  notices  posted  at  all  itJhe staitlons signed by that great awe-  inspiring name, iMarpolc, and a Idt of  *ot published by papers subservient to  Uhat great blessing and curse combined, the C.  P.  R���  I wish to  throw a  .little light on -the subject.   According  to these notices and ipapers there are  lots of men returning to work and the  road Is ln llrst-class condition.   As regards men returning to work, many  were patiently waiting for their back  time to get off the road altogether, as  there Is plenty of woilk at better pay  elsewlhere.   It Is time the government  put a stop  to  that   system   of back  time.   A fake yarn Is being circulated  ���east of the Rockies that there Is r.o  ,  'Strike west and vilce versa, consequently crtany men are brought from east to  west, only to refuse to work when arriving at their destination and learn  the true conditions.  THE SPECIAL POLICE.  It is a .pity (that they cannot ftnd  more" honorable   employment,     'flhey  tonne a fine   time, loaning  about   the  platforms   doing  nothing,   and   ne.er  will haive anything more  to do than  once ln a. while escort a few deluded  -men from place ,to place, very often  losing them en route or, ait the best,  seeing them  refuse   .point    blank   to  work.   On tihe train coming down we  lia<l   nn   aimislng'-. experience  of * this  kind.   There 'was   two of   these  tools  escorting about twenty Italians down  to some point beiow Golden,, but  the  -tooils,  despising   their own   jab,  were  jwslng as  tourists  travelling'for the  Rood of their health, not ln the same  car as the Italians, but another, tlnink-  Ing, I suppose, their charges were all  Tight;; .and   so   they   were,  until    we  reached Golden, but somehow soon after   lea/vtng   there   one of   the   police  found them all gone wlhen he went to  looik at them,   lie dropped his disguise  mid swore, jumped off at first chance,,  ��.nd I reckon die and his partner may  S>e looking for tJhem yet.   Now,  ABOUT THE TRACK:  1 nm not conversant with the whole  of Ithe western division, but from what  I haive heard I bellelve the same eon-  ddtlon exists all along the line. The  pant whiclli I haive walked along many  D. day lately Is between Field and Lag-  gan, one of ,the most dangerous parts  of the road, and I am convinced if the  public knew the state of affairs there  they would not rtek their lives on it.  3tt Hakes, always -three and sometimes  four engines to push tlhe itralns up this  part, and there are many sharp curves,  consequently the road is healvily taxed  erven when the regular roadmen nre  employed. The results after a week  or tw of negletit with no repairs are  these:   Dozens   of    flshplaltes broken  some of the follows who ore being  sneaked out to talce their places, naver  dreaming of anything being wrong.  Otherwise the strikers as a body are  keeping ea far from the itrock as, possible. Now, Mr. Editor, I K/hlnk lt Is  time the  PUBLIC  WERE  WARNED  and   not  guyed  and  moved    against  men who ad-e doing them no hurt, and  as the government has an interest In  this particular piece of road and have  special conditions to govern it, whtah  are being broken, lt is time ithey looked into  matters  a little.   The  public  should' demand  it.   The    government  have seen fit to make rules to prevent  accidents, so why should lives be placed in jeopaidy through ithe gTeed arid  arrogance of a few.   Hhe .C. P. li. are  spend lng more money, and want  to,  than would pay  Uhe demands of the  strikers for itwenty years to some.   It  Is not a question of money with them,  but the desire to crush the spirit of  the men.   Crush  the manhood of the  country and wfliere will your defenders  be?   It  is ia national question.   That  which the public galve used as a stope  to crush and grind the manhood and  backbone of this empire.   What are the  pulblio  thinking of?   Isi a, corporartton  which ibiouglilt over one hundred Douk-  hobors over one thousand miles to dig  two hundred white men out of a land  slide nt Field, wllio were  NEVEIR BURIED,  nor yet hud a landslide occurred, and  the corporation were forced to send  them back from Laggan, where they  were told ithe trultlh���can they be allowed to gull tlhe public; can any confidence (be placed In such mem, who  will waste money lite 4hi3, and who  Will squander it in any .Shape or form  to attain a purpose such as they are  trying to do In such miserable sahein-  ing, should be put down. These kind  of itricks speak for Jlhemselves, and  must lower the chlarocters of C. P. R.  officialdom to t'he lowest possible ebb.  UNIONIST.'  Vancouver, July.25, 1901.    '  clean In two, spikes /standing one Inch  clean' up from rails, which 'they are  supposed 'to (hold down, and can be  ���withdrawn with the hands, and without exception every bolt along there  *or two miles. Is loose, the nuts almost  Hailing off, halving from half to three-  quarters of an Inch play, some of the  rails are bully worn on the sharpest  ctuives mid need replacing. I heard  one night the orders to the engine  drivers called for  FOUR JULES AN HOUR.  OTint speaks for itself. The officials  try to gull the public that they have  to take special precautions. So they  have. But mdt -for the reasons they  give, which ni*e that tlhe strikers are  dangerous and might do anything, and,  J[ suppose, if an accident were to hapten the Maine would be placed upon  Che striker's as a whole, or, if some  poor fellsw wois -found within a mile of  it he would get lt all. As a maltter of  fact, you can scarcely ftnd a striker  near the tracik, even ln Field Itself,  ns Uiey are mostly congregated ln  Golden, Revelstoke and other centres  ���Jons the line, minding their own business, just sending one or two delegates  to meet trains and.explain matters to '  Following two( communications have  been "received' by The Independent for  publication.     > i  TO THE PUBLIC.  Headquarters Joint Protective Board  Maintenance of  Way Depjartment  Employees, Canadian Pacific  Railway.  Grand Union Hotel, Montreal,  July 17, 1901.  To the Public:   On    account   of   so  many erroneous, .statements being published from time to time concerning the  tradbmen's    strike  on  the    Canadian  Paolfic Railway, rt seems a great many  people  do   not  understand    the^   true  situation.  The strike was ordered by the maintenance ol way men themselves. Thev  sent their committee to Montreal with  the understanding that If the oflKfals  declined to enter Into an agreement  with them, setting fonth the terms and  conditions of their employment,, the  committee were to notify the men with  the understanding' that a suspension  of work would take place.  The C. P. R. Co. halve entered into  agreements setting rorth tlie terms and  conditions of employment with committees representing other classes of  t'ts employes.' If it were wrong for  them to enter Into an agreement with  a committee representing tlieir maintenance of way men, they did wrong  in signing agreements with other com-  mltitees. ,  I am called on "interloper." My  position is that of president of an international organization; the members  of the organization are my employers.  I came to Canada In obedience to  their orders. The officers of the International organization Wave as much  right to administer the affairs of the  organization, as the officials of the  C. P. R. Co. have to administer the  affairs of u road through Canada and  into tlio States If I luuvc been correctly informed, neither the .president  nor tlie geiiural manager of the C. P.  R. Co. wore born In Canada. All men  should be honest, truthful and fair In  their dealings with their follow men,  without regard to ithe place of ithelr  birth.  The charge Is also made that I came  to Canada and precipitated the strike  In ithe Interests of the transportation  companies aoross the line. I will answer .the charge by quoting an extract  -from a letter written by me to the  president of the C. P. R, Co. on the  14th of June, notifying him that a suspension of work would' tnllce place on  the morning of the 17th. ,  "Although you did not camdder my  communication of yesterday   of   nny  significance, I feel constrained to advise you that an Industrial upheaval  of no small magnitude is liable to take  place during the next few days, unless  men of your Station and Influence make  efforts along practical  lines  to avert  It.   There is a strong suspicion in the  minds of men who nre conducting tho  affairs of Industrial organizations, that  the members of the   Rallwey   Managers' Association  lmve  enltered  into  an agreement to make war on industrial    organizations���more    especially  those 'composed of railway employes.  Mr. Bvams (alocording to a committee  representing members of our order on  his system) informed them of all that  took place 'between your general nian-'  ager and our grievance committee representing the maintenance of way men  on your system, during the.month of  April.   He Hold them what your general  manager's policy would be, which has  been verified by his actions.   I do not  claim perfection for trades unions; they  are human institutions ond their officers and member often make mistakes,  but  they  have  been   formed  for  the  purpose of coping with organized greed  amd for the mutual welfare of participants   wihile,   in   my   Judgment,   the  General    Managers'    Association his  'been  formed  for   the ipunpose of oppressing the oppressed.   I am leaving  for Portland, Maine, at 8 o'clock this  avendng.     ���     ���     ���     and will return  to Montreal, June 17th. I will do everything in my power that seems to me  reasonable and right to bring about a  proper settlement on your road as soon  as possible.   Your maintenance of way  men are well organized and very determined.    I  maintain   that  the  public  iMwe  rights   In 'these    matters    that  should be considered, and am anxious  to oo-operate with  those who desire  to prevent Industrial disturbances and  to keep the -wheels of 'indnstry moiling.  When the purchasing ipower of a wage-  earner's dollar Is decreased so that lt  will taike 100 cents to purchase what  60 cents would purchase two years ago,,  the workingman must (have a corresponding increase In,hls/.wages,, ��readjust himself to a lower standard o��  living���one of the two.:'  I maintain that the public are entitled to safe, speedy and unmolested  transportation from0 the corporations  holding (public franchises, without regard to their petty differences with  their employes, and should protect  themselves against inconvenience on  account of suoh disturbances, and If  employer and employe cannot, or will  not adjust their differences, a commission Appointed by the people and for  the people srtiould determine what Is  right and proper in the way of a settlement; anld have the two .panties to  the controversy submit .to the decision  of the commission so appointed.  A great many mis-statements have  been madeandpubllshedin the 'various  newspapers of Ihe country which were  calculated to mislead the public. The  day after the strike was inaugurated,  (June IS), according to Montreal newspapers, the general manager stated  that, about all of the men had returned to work, and that the "Strike had  'fizzled /out," etc.  In a despatch from Winnipeg, on the  16th of July, according lo the Montreal  Dally Witness, the general manager  of the C. P. R. states: "It seems a  straiiRC thing that a whole body of  men can be kept from their work and  the   wherewithal   to  buy   their   dally  detective kill Italian workman for refusing to work? Roport particulars by  wire." The following message was  received In answer: "C. P. R. detective wounded Italian laborer at Heron  Bay for refusing to go any further on  ithe train 'to work. Will write particulars."  The time to bo truthful Is all the  time; tlio place to do right Is everywhere; the people to be dealt fairly  with are all the people. Men were  not made ito serve dollars; dollars are  miade for the use of men. Proprietors  of newspapers believing ithat civilized  methods should be adopted for the  settlement of differences between employer and employe, and those who believe In putting "British fair play" into  pradtlcal operation are requested to  publish this statement.  (Signed), JOHN.T. WILSON,  President, B. of R. T. of A.  TO THE  MEN.  Headquarters Joint Protective  Board,  Malntenance-of-way   Department���  Canadian Pacific Railway.  - Grand Union Hotel,  Montreal, July ID, 1901.  Dear Brothers,���We wish to send you  a  word  of greeting.    We    know  the  stream of falsehoods fiom the ofTloial  side never ceases, and all means known  to human ingenuity are being used, to  bring you back to work.   A few, a very  few,  have weakened under the  combined  influences  of threats,  promises,  flattery,  bribes and lies; the rest are  standing firm as the rock of Glbralter  so from St. John to Vancouver, there  are not to-day a dozen   foremen   at  work, who were at work the day before  the strike was called.   Even north and  west of  Toronto where  the company  asserts' the strike Is over, a large proportion of the nien are still unfaltering in their supp.ort of the committee  and on the Owen Sound branch, nine  gangs who had, as they assert, been  Induced by false" representations again  on Monday    morning,    July 13th, and  Joined their striking brothers and say  they will support  your committee to  the" end;  Brothers, we"want you to'notice they have not replaced us by one  sober comi etent trackman,   and they  are hardly  trying to do so,  knowing  that the skill to replace us Is not ln the  sountry,   nor available under the clr-  cumstances as now prevail on the C. P.  R.   Members of other orders have informed ,us that they consider their per-  commlttee or the chief. Tlieir objection to Mr. Wilson Is that he has proven  himself a match for the ofllcials ot the  C. P. 11., and a most valunble tild to  your committee. We claim the same  right to hire the best man available to  help us fight our battles, without regard to nationality, that the C. P. H.  has to encage a man to manage C. P.  R. affairs. Aguin warning you against  nny and every attempt to bring you  back to work till you are properly notified by our chalnnnn, "and assuring  you every such going back prolongs the  struggle.   Yours in 13. L. U.  (Signed)   JOSEPH LENN'ON,  !: ' Chairman.  A. F. STOUT,'  Secretai y.  DISPATCHES "DOCTORED.".  The Winnipeg Voice prints a telegram sent to the Free Pre-ai from  Ksthwell stating that t'he seot:onm?n  at a meeting resolved to stind by t'he  union and that everyone was strong on  ���this point. The Free Press, (howeevr,  apparently "doctored" the despatch,  ���and made it appear ithat the strikers  were tired and restless and .wanted to  'go to work; and sent a request to the  committee at Montreal to ithis effect.  bread by a parcel of men forming a  committee."  According to reports received by the  Montreal committee very few men  hplve returned to wrork, and wrecks  liave occurred at vailous places along  tlio line from St. John to Vancouver,  on account of track not being looked  after by competent men. The public  are being advised through the press  ithat the track is being patrolled regu-  l.i'riy and kept In safe running condition. I halve been informed from a,  .'ourco .whlcli I consider reliable, that  one of the general superintendents  sieeured posses for his wife and children, from the Canada Atlantic Railway Co., from Ottawa to Montreal, on  the ISth Instant, Instead of sending  them over the C. P. R.  The committee has received reports  to the effect 'thnit C. P. R. detectives  hove been arrested and locked up for  attempting at the point of revolvers, to  compel mem to woric against their  will.  Yesterday a report was reoeJved that  a C. P. R. detective killed an Italian  wortanan for'refusing to go to work.  I wired Port Arthur regarding the  matter,   ms   foi tows:    "Did C. P.  R.  sonal safety is involved and their occupations too precarious to follow under  existln? circumstances. The public is  also becoming alarmed and will not  submit to the present stat-- c' affairs  on the C. P. R. much longer. The ofll-  cia's r.re bending all .heir energies to  seduce you from allegiance yon pledges  to >om committee, ltnov. inir that tli.^ii"  jnly chance of replaciig you is to ha"e  you replace youiselves. We verily believe a settlement would have been  effected ere now had the babies who  weakened been,like you men who are  getting the respect of all who favor  honor and pluck, by your manly, steadfast adherence to the committee who  represent you. Our advises from ocean  to ocean show our men standing quietly, but firmly and urging your committee to be equally firm; the public sentiment against allowing men of the  charactei who, only, will knowingly  take our places Is so strong, that the  company's special police have to use  their rovolveis to keep them at work,  two men reported as having been shot  The C. P. R. s/tri'kers on the prairie  have nothing to ifeta.r about being out  of work, according   ,to. Mr.    George  Bradbury, whom the Manitoba Government  has  sent   east  to    drum  up  farm hands ito harvest -Manitoba's enormous   wheat  crop.   He has arrived  in Toronto and told the Star a whole  lot.    "The   biggest    crop    we    have  ever had," he says,' and he is not a  particle afraid  that 'he will not persuade 20,000 eastern men to go back  with him ito see the heavy grain heads  waving over a 'couple of million acres  of rolling land, land  to pocket many  good dollars in exchange for their help  in laying the cereal low.   "We want  20,000 men," he says, "and I see no reason why we cannot get them.   In 1S99,  when no special  effort was made  to  get men, 15,000 came up from the East  and helped "us"ln with the crop.   La��t  year there were 10,5)0 farm hands from  the east, and .this year the Manitoba  government is going to see to It that  Ch3 farmers are amply supplied with  labor." The wages will be good on account,of the dsmand.  short order.   I would like to point out  that the utter want of forethought ln  doing this shows the weak points ln tlie  trainmen's armour.   I would like to ask  the engineers what hope ot help they,  could expect from the mechanical department when they refute to help the  cause of humanity, were they (the engineers) to go on strike to-morrow,'secure as they think themselves to be.  The mechanical department could tako  their places  und the company would  never feel the loss, providing that the  mechanics would do tho work.    If the  engineers refuse to help these downtrodden trackmen why should not the  machinists lctuse them  help  In  their  teim of need?   Then as to the conductors  and  trainmen,   nothing  could  be  easier than to fill their places by the,  clerks,   the  stores department,   shops,  '.  and b.v  the trackmen now on strike?  And could you blame them for retaliation.   Any one knowing the facts would  not.    From murmerlngs I hr.t/e heard  among the different organizations, not  considered the older organizations, you  can carry your indifference too far.   If  for no other reason than the cause of  humanity,   Mr.   McNIcholl   should   be  told "thus far shall thou go and no far- .  ther."   The eyes of organized labor are  upon the older organizations, watching  developments. Woe betide them if they  fall In this instance.   They may cry out  in  time  of need and  none  will hear  them.    It Is no plea' to say that you  were not consulted.   It is enough that  injustice Is being done  those humble  sons of toil.   The importation of aliens  may talke your places to-morrow.   In  this'case will the- older organizations  not raise a word of protest against the  C.   P.   K.   Hooding   the  country   with  aliens'   At the present time the company are bringing from England hundreds ot mechanics, boilermakers, machinists, giving them free passes with  a view to supply the labor market with  a surplus of skilled labor.    I for one  don't believe" that the older organizations will allow the monstrous Injustice to be done.   Will they stand by and  see justice and humanity's calls defeated'.'"  If so," beware".        ���*���--"���   i -        -   ���  J.  H.  WATSON.  Vancouver, July 23, 1901.  A LETTER OF TIMS.  lu   their  desperate   effotts     to  escape  from a tifiin in which they weie being  taken to work.   The track is fast getting to the stage at which the running  of trains Is impossible, and we can only  say you have the whole thing In your  own hnnds, you cannot be done without much longer, and can only be replaced by yourselves.   The attempt to  prejudice you against your committee  still goes on unceasingly.   We are represented ns being fools, unable to dls-  cusb the giRi/anocs of the truckmen,  simply able to soy, "Here Is our schedule, sign lt."   It Is constantly reported,  we have  thrown  up the pponge  and  gone home.   Take no stock In any of  these yarns.   We will stay till wc get  the agreement you sent us to secure  believing we now have men behind us  with the stamina to say, "A fair agreement or we quit, forever.   The stream  of abuse of President Wilson  Is also  steadily keeping up.   He Is represented  as being here to create disturbance in  the Interest' of  other   transportation  companies. .Again, he is an alien, an  American, and with no rights ln this  affair.   We are glnd you are above being'duped by any of these silly   attempts to create distrust of either your  A WORD OF WARNING.  To tho Editor of Tun Indkfkkdent:  Sir,���I see by - the News-Advertiser  that Mr. Marpole, general superintendent of the Pacific division, is in receipt  of a telegram from Mr. McNIcholl stating that the older organizations on the  road will remain neutral in the C. P. R.  strike. What are we to understand by  that statement? I have watched for  a denial to this by the older organizations, but have failed to see It forthcoming. I want to point out one or  two things to the said older organizations. In the first place from information gained and fiom conversations  with a number of members of the older  railroad organizations, I find that they  all agree that the trackmen's demands  are just. Then wliy any different from  the others? Are they made of different clay? Or Is it because they are  ignorant laborers and not worthy to  be recognized by such intelligent uud  superior bodies of men as comprise tlle  older organizations?    If this  is so,   T  would like to point out that when the  trainmen's strike was on some se\ en  or_eight_years ago,_that_the-very-men  who aie   now  Ignored   and  refused  a  helping hand were called on to take the  places of  the trainmen.    The ollici.ils  of the company had made boasts that  they would hnve "overy d���d man" ojt  of the shops and off the track on the  ears taking the places of the tiulnmen.  How did  thoy succeed?   Excepting In  one or two Instances the officials had  to do the work themselves because the  trackmen and the shop men were loyal  to the trainmen and refused to go. You  will   remember  how   Mr.   Black,    late  storekeeper here, discharged  Alexander  McKcnzle fiom the stoics In Vancouver  becaube he refused to go out with  a  train, and I know lots of section men  who refused to turn a wheel for the  company as against their fellow-workmen the trainmen.   However -superior  you may think yourselves,   the  company don't think much of you when in  troublous times they want trackmen to  take trainmen's places.     Look at the  position the older   organizations   are  placing themselves ln.   They positively  refuse help to the trackmen and remain  neutral. The combined efforts of the one of the. greatest conventions of  older railway organizations could set- modern times���the British Congress ort  tie the difficulty and bring the company Tuberoulosis���ilg now being held at  to time ln favor of the trackmen ln   ___ondon. ' [  Messrs. .F. Buscombe, C. Doering, C.  E. Tlsdale, C. N. Davidson, J. D.  Scott, R. Kelly and T. Mathews,  Vancouver:���  Gentlemen,���At a lecture on "Labor,  Its Rights ar.d Duties," given last evening in St. Patrick's Hail. New Westminster, by the Rev. Pat'.ier Woods,  the occasion "was deemed an appropriate one to give expression to the  appreciation in which your service, in  effeoting an honorable und satisfactory  settlement of the recent Fishermen'"  strike, is held. It was, therefore, moved  by D. S. Curtis, Esq., and seconded by  Frank Devlin, Esq., that tlie thanks  of the assembled audlenre be extended,  to you tor youi noble and patriotic  action in bringing about a settlement  of the matter in dispute an'd thus averting an Impending public calamity.  The 'motion carried unanimously, and  I was requested to convey to .you,  gentlemen, the albove expression of  gratitude. It is, therefore, with much  pleasure that I now tender you the  thanks of Wtot 'meeting. I am, gentie-  men,-yours ivory lespeetfuliy,���������=-������--  D. D. BOURKE.  New Westminster,  Chairman.  July 21. 1801.  SOCIETIES RE-UNION.  A re-un'on celebration of all the  fraternal societies of the Province will  be held in this city on S.ituidny, August 24th. An elaborate progiamme  ban been prepared. It comprises a  timid precession in the morning. In  the afternoon field and ,'ietuintlc vports  will be held. J. G. Uie, secretary Arcade.  The Province Is ihollerln', It says, because It thi nits uhat .the N'ews-Adver-  tlser wants to hog nil the thistles on  the "tree's. We con assure the mule  editor of the Province Mint it will S��t  Its share. No doubt the horse editoi*  ot the World will Ibe slioutin' next for  hay���nuff on the streets to go round.  Our devil thlnta that they should all  be Itoept down at the C. P. R. sheds  till the strike is over.  ^-���-���w.'*..'.-t.\--.,  .* ���'JfiSi* .fli*"!.v'.'  A- ' -  '_**>, - THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY JULY 27, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  BBO. BARTLEY Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY  IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY      .  TUia INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   H2    HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, t> cents; month, 15 cents; threo  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.25. -  ENDORSED -BY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY AND THE  BUILDING TRADES COUNCIL.  SATURDAY ��� ...JULY 27, 1901  ASMS Of LABOR.  The aim-of organized labor is to do  the greatest good to tlio greatest  number. . .It helps not only, these who seek  ', its protection und  enlist under its  banner,  but. those  who oppose it. and  the  indifferent   as   well.    Profits   of    big  corporations���and this, is a  provincial  curse���go to tliu old country mid other*  foreign ; countries,    while'wages    and  salaries are expended at home where the  employes reside.   So the more of the  necessaries of life that the workman is  .enabled to purchase the more the busi-  '.. ness. community   is" benefitted.     The  .;      employee puts all his wages buck into  the channels of trade, and when he suf-  ....   fers the way our fishermen, our trackmen and our miners have, the general  community suffers.  Even that voluntary serf the "scab"  or the f'riit" is indirectly benefitted, for  tho union scale of wages is cut by him  just enough to make it an inducement  ���'.,.:. for the grasping employer to hire him.  '������'.-���;-But of course you  say that the C. P. K.  ':'������ pays the "scabs" more than the strikers  '.  ;������; ask for.; That is only for the time being,  : . for "scabs" aro a migratory class going  : about seeking whom they  may help to  ..crush.   If there were no union scaloto  ���-X'-go by, the ."scab" would become a real  ...; slave. > .'.....  .-;..'-   ,cThe corporation-owned press, such as  '���'.; "we have in this .province and elsewhere  ;.; in Canada have built up. a false inipros-  iHy';'.','Aori 61 thu aims and works of organized  .labor.   For instance, during the C. P. K.  :-.. .section nien's striku, ;it is teuniing  with  ;.-v ^Misleading accounts of the strike,  tull-  ���i*;.-^ the public all sorts of trash about  ... ..-'.,u men's weakness, when as n matter  w,    ..i.fact the strikers all  over the line are  - ;.;;.istas determined_to have their rights  ;;,:.., today as the day they .wentout on strike.  ;;    And of course if, the, least little* damage  ; li.ippens to be done to any of the coin-  ;':  pany's   property   by   sympathizers   or  ;_ other individuals much lido is made with  ���.:.!, the object of placing tlie "strikers" in  ;;:;": discredit in the eyes of the public, there-  l- : by .depriving them', of  its   sympathy.  yii.. Scoresof instances are on record show-  *":'   ing   that many outrages attributed to  "strikers' have   actually   been done   by  ';'.. ' Pinkertons and other hirelings of big  .corporations.   ..We    remember    some  years ago when the public were kept in  profound ignorance of the causes which  _; led to the famous strike: of switchmen  .on the New York Central.   The legisla-  ; ,ture of that state Iind passed a.bill after  abig fight,  prohibiting  railroads ..from  0 'working their employees nioru than 10  ; hours a day, as numerous fatal accidents  occurred through the greedy: corporations 'compelling the men to remain at  their,, posts 10, 18 and 24 hours at a  stretch. The road ignored this law and  '���'��� its switchmen ceased work rather than  violate it.   Then the alleged outrages by   istrikors"^were���wired=tO-the���public*  press, in order to give the governor it  pretext for calling out the militia, to  force the switchmen to break the law he  had allowed to go on the statute book.  To come nearer home we have only to  refer to the calling out of the militia last  year ou the Fraser river, which was one  of the most tyrannical pieces of business  ever perpetrated in this country. We  have also now information where "special constables" 'have been acting with a  high hand during the, present C. P. R.  strike.   Jt has  been proved time after  1 time that in many cases where private  detective agencies have been hired by  corporations during labor troubles, that  i'."> detective agencies have sent others  ���V'li those hired by the corporation, to  , .��':;" the property of the company  ;��������� 1 ,":iiinit violence on the new work-  ���, ��� i-niployed, in order to provide for  -, i.- 'the detectives) employment and  : ..icu the company to believe that their  I- ��� vices are indisjiensihle, the onus of  t ^-.a outrages Being thrown upon the  1 .lion workmen.  .Not only the powerful press, but  courts and legislative bodies have in  some cases been used against the trades  unions. In 1800 the British parliament,  finding that organized labor was steadily  growing, pn��sed a law to suppress it,  declaring  illegal   "all  agreements   be  tween journeymen and workmen for  obtaining advances of wages, reductions  ol" hours of labor, or any other changes  of conditions of work." Many working-  men were severely punished under this  law, but iu vain. The men organized  clandestinely, nnd the law became so  odious that employers pledged themselves to tlieir workmen not to appeal to  the law. ln l.Si.4 parliament acknowledged its mistake and repealed laws  against combinations of workingmen.  Trades unions have grown since then at  an astonishing rate.  Those who oppose, organized labor are  about 100 years behind thej times. The  better and .stronger the organization of  workmen the less violence, as witness  the C. P. li. sectionmeh and the Uoss-  land miners. Non-union'men are under  no restraint. They are a mob when in  trouble without a single purpose, and  bayonets and bloodshed only has put an  end to their riots in many parts of the  world.  The iiillusnce, of the leaders in labor  unions has invariably been turned  against violence and breaches of the  peace, and Ihe more influence the leaders have, the more peaceful the methods  employed to secure their rights.  fully convinced of this fact .than ever.  One bright luminary of the committee  said -that "the idea of such an organization, could not ibe accepted for "a  moment. Thait a strike among the  firemen might endanger property in  the city." Wouldn't that cork you.  We don't belleive that there Js a single  -lremftin In the whole of Canada, who  would refuse to work at a fire, pay or  no pay. It the city fathers or anyone  else think that they enn prevent men  from organizing a union if they want  lo they are sadly mistaken. It In-just  such tyrannical tuitions that drive men  Into labor organizations. Oncoupnii a  lline It was considered criminal hy  law to join a union. .Hut nofso now.  lien will organize anyhow���If not  openly they will In secret. The Council should allow tliu men .to organize  nml see to It'ithnt a clause shall be In  the by-laws compelling arbitration in  oases or disagreements. Strikes  would .then bo 'impossible.' Thank  goodness we have an election once a  year. ���   ' '  LESSONS Of THE LATE STRIKE.  Tlie lishermen's strike of 1001 has now  passed into history and we sincerly hope  that both canners and lishernien will  reap a bountiful harvest. The story of  the negotiations is a longone, into which  we will not enter in detail. There are  some lessons, however, to.be learned  from theni. The supinoness of a large  portion of our business men when the  city's interests are at slake; the unreasoning obstinacy of some of the men  who were handling the canners' side of  case and the necessity for compulsory  arbitration. Of tiie first we may say  that when the gentlemen who eventually took part in the settlement were approached they: willing gave tlieir assistance and with such good results as  already announced. ll;ul,we,a board of  trade here suliiciently independent of  tlie C. I*. R. and canners much good  might result. There aro some good nien  who take a leading part in the proceedings of the present board, but they are  decidedly in the minority. Of the  second complaint we nuiy say that the  whole matter would have been settled  long before it ..was had it not been for  the obstinacy ,, of Messrs Farrell and  Bell-Irving. ; The latter reminds'' us ,'of  what Montaigne says:., "Obstinacy of  opinion and heat in argument are surest  proofs of folly. Is there 'anything so  assured, resolute, disdainful, contem-'  plativo and grave as amiss ? " We hope  and believe that another season will find  a higher . calibre of men conducting  affairs for the, canners' association than  the two referred to. The selection could  not have ��� been Averse. A compulsory,  arbitration .-.law''-would'have- prevented  the affair reaching such acute stage as  itdid.V      :.';-':;',;'    *;  Now while we have every desire to  give Messrs. Kelly,: Buscombe, Douring,  Tisdall, Scott and Davidson full credit  for the energetic and willing way iii  which they took: hold of the affair, yet  the inuii that paved the way for a settlement was Mr. Bremner. When he took  the negotiation's in hand he found the  fishermen;demanding 15c. and the canners offering but 10c. Through the  whole piece the latter practically- stuck  to tlieir ground and: offered few concessions. Mr. Bremner would wait upon  the winners' and present the lishermen's contentions. Then" he would iii  turn wait upon the fishermen and'present the canners' side of, the story,  always trying to bring the two closer together. As is always the' case,with a  peace-maker, he earned the ill-will of  both, although not to any great /cxtext  among the lishernien. First he was  charged withstanding in with one and'  then the other. But he bore all this  ���with_..cxtrenio-__|)iitieiiuu,_calm_^in___the  :     CAMABSAN LABOR UNIONS.  Rev. Vicar-General Routhler, of Ottawa, has been talking on the lnbor  iiucstlon. He is hostile ito trades  unions operating :in Canada, 'but directed from the United States. He  also thinks ithat. If' Canadian labor  unions were independent there would  be few..strikes and few occasions for  them. The Colonist adds that "there  is very little doubt that the Rossland  strike was worked up from ithe United  States, and -it seems to be established  that the trackmen's strike on tho C.  P. R: had ithe same origin." How is  It that the. class these two represent  always do their level hest to Weep  down unions 'in Canada. The Dominion Trades and Labor Congress have  been working for years to establish  it Canadian Federation of Laiboi' anil  .li-.is never hud the least bit ot encouragement from this source. The fact of  tliu whole., matter is that labor in  America knows no boundary line, and  cannot .-be hoodwinked in .time of  trouble 'by our 'jingoes, who always  resort'to-the loyalty, religious or any  old-cry'' to '- divide .the. tin-Ions. You  bnow you never 'hear -'thisclap-trap  only w-hen a big'Strike is on. In times  of peace we [ will talk, over re-organization matters, but not now.  assurance that ho was doing the best he  knew how. lie worked early nnd lute,  and left the negotiations in such shape  that when the citizens', committee took  hold the conflicting parties' were not far  apart and only needed a new hand to  seal the compact. In the latter part of  the negotiations a' contemptible aspersion was cast upon the character of Mr.  Hremner, by one of the cannors' committee. It was to the effect that he had  added a most ombarrusiiig clause;  that in the event of tl|e pack not  exceedingr>00,U00 cases that 12>.<e. be the  price throughout the season. The writer  was present at a conference of'two  prominent meni hers ofthe fishermen's  union when this proposition was drawn  ii)), and Mr. Ureniner only presented  this on their assertion that they thought  it, of such a nature that it might pass  both bodies. Mr. Hremner was absolutely honest in  the matter.  ������;,     ENTITLED TO  HOLIDAYS.  Lust week7 we published -a. letter regarding the holidays'-'.. of letter-carriers. The' government .give the, 24  holidays '-andi' ithen -rhalke it .practically  Impossible for'ithe -men to take advantage of. them. We Iknow of one instance  where a "carrier 'hasi.not iliad any holl-.  days for mbout selren years. Of course  this man Is. not.on -the 'so-called;permanent staff, and would- he docked  his pay,, which Is unjust. According to;  the regulations there ,are seven men;  entitled; to holidays after July ��th,  which only 'could 'be completed by  about Christmas -week. AVe lhaive been  Informed ithat ithe postmaster, has  written Ottawa about, the miatter, but  ns usual it happens ito .be-only a labor  mattet'^and apparently no.notice will  .be tiiiken of the letter. The summer Is  passing, and Wit needs be half a dozen-extra men should; be .put on the  routes and ithe carriers get their holi-,  days. In Winnipeg they have three  ; carrier substitutes, andwhy notVan-  couver 'have the :same number or even-  more If necessary. .Plenty of men can  .be got.'      '���..;���.-���*.'..������''..���': ; .-' '������-.','.'������.._���  TO  VICTORIA.  The Labor, Day--committee, of Victoria halve-started work on, their proposed 'big eelebratoin. The business  men nnd others at' the capital are all  Interested In ithe .pulling off of an event  hitherto unequalled in the history of;  The Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here in great array. And lt Is a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best and most stylish products of the  looms of England, Scotland, Prance  and Switzerland. To these are added  tho wash goods beauty of our own  land and the United States.  Our long experienced tasto has been  exercised ln selecting the great stock  that is here for your Inspection. -The  demands of fashion have been carefully met, and our showing is well worthy  of your attention.  Quality, of course, Is the most Important point, nnd it has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  have also been carefully attended to,  and, as regardi? the matter-of price,  you'll Iind they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, -with an eye to  your satisfaction.       y  Visit our wash goods department  and get acquainted with, the good  things we are offering.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  From Their Nunaimo.fcioiithflcldand  Protection Isltinu .'lolUeriev  HouseCqal  Of the Following Grades: [  Double Screened ___urap,    ;:  Run oftheMlae,  ;  WaahedNtitand  -::;���-'y-yyi~yryy��- Screen!ng4.  SAMP EL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agento,  Vancouver City, B. C.  Notices.  labor in this province. The unions "of  this city and Nanalmo are generally  In favor of participating in the Labor  Day festivities to ibe held on the island. A .committee has already been  given power by the local Trades and  Labor council to net in the matter,  which committee has already taken  stops to get up <in excursion.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT THE  next regular sitting of the Board of License  Commissioners lor the Clly of Vancouver, I  shall apply for a transfer of the Hotel License  at present held by mo in connection wllh the  Colonial Hotel, situated at 1800-180!_-l'Wl Granville street, on Lots 1 aud 2, Block 113, Sub-illvl  siou 541, ln the said City; of Vancouver, to  John Henry Travebbeau.   (Signed.)  ���.-������.'     :;, ���:;.,'...��� :,'.,s!    T.G. BLIGH.  Vancouver, B.C., July.18,1901.  notice is hereby; given that: AT THE  next regular sitting of the Board of License  Commissioners for llie City of Vancouver. 1  shall apply for- a transfer of tho Hotel License  for llie premises -situated on Lot 10, Block 7.1,  Subdivision'-of District Lot 511, known as the  Clareneo Hotel, corner Seymour and I'eniler  Streets, in the said City of Vancouver, to T. G.  lllifli.   (Signed.);   :: ".  ������..:-,-..-��� W. H. JACKSON.  Vancouver, July IS, liioi;  *:  t* \*��      ._       . _   "*���   ���  CSgar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.  Hotels.  . . HAKES A STKCUI.TY OF . .  o    DfiM's special Liqueur, olso ��� ���  o    usner*s biqck Label Liqueur wnisky  ' -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMl'OltTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cobneii Coiidova and Caiirau.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRAJ>ES AND IiABOB.  Council, President, Jos. Dixon;' vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 150; tlnanclal secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White: sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morion. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 7,30 p. m., ln Union  Hull, cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  '     Headquarters for tho engineering trade"  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST"���=s^  Liquors and Cigars  Flrat-clMa rooms from SO cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   ���   -   PROP  The"  ���  and the.: fracture    is never ',repaired,  while .nobody ever hears the night fall.  ���Toronto. Star.''"';.���'.   .; . .  '���';'; Nat Johnson's Mule.'  "Nat", Johnson's mule ^vas killed by  lightning yesterday^'..."IttieL'mule -was  blind in both eyes, and couldn't see  the flash coming.���Atlanta. Constitution.': ���.'���:'.-;'-, ���:Xi"'y']:iii'''i H''  ':���"���"  SOCIETIES   RE-UNION.  A re-union celebration    of    all    the  fraternal societies of the Province will  be held in this city on Saturday, Au-  nRvingtho Only Up-to-Dnto Grill Room  in B.C. which In UkcU is a guumnteo  of a First-Class lloiel and Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General -=>.  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  520 CORDOVA ST. \V��� VANCCDVBIt, B. C.   TEL. 7C  Patentees and designers of tho Hardie-  . Thompson water tube boiler, now high  speed  reversing engines, and special  machinery in light sections for mines.  Pbopxllkbs Designed.  Engines Indicated and  Adjusted.  Sole agents ln B. C. and N. W. Territories tor  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.  Ct.'OKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES*  Union, Local No. 28. President, Clrna.  Over; vice-president, W. W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas,- II. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. EUcndcr. Meeting every Friday  at 8.110 p. m. In Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION.  No ___6 meet the Inst Sunday ln each,  month at Union hall. President, C. 8.  Ciiiupbcll; vlce-iiresldeiit, George Wilby;  sccretury, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box K;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, B.  L. Wood-ruff, S. lt. HoM>, J. H. Browne,  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Toda,  J. II.  Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���*  Meets second and fourtih Wednesday o��  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G.' Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secrotary, A. O.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. l_cnfesty: warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegated to  Trades and Dmbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo.'Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J. Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday in Union Hall, -  room No. 3. President, Wm. T. MoKen-  zie, 187 Ninth avenue; vlco-prfesident.  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary,-A. E.  Coffin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, - Georgia  Walker; conductor, Jos. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL. PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2,022-Westminster Avenue.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION. No. 113, W.  P. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Aitken; vice-president, C. A.'Melville;  secretary, A. Raper, Van Anda, B. C;  treasurer, H. V. Price; ��� conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklater.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver' Lodge, No. 182���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday In  each month In Union' Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, E:  Timmins, 726 Hamilton srtreet; financial  secretaiy, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOURENYMEN TAILORS' UNION OP  AMERICA, No. 178-aieets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Unton Hall. Preet-  dent, F. Williams: vice-president, Miss  Graham; recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  ritt: financial secretary, Tremaine Best;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daoust.  WHAT NEXT ?  The civic fire and police committee  Ik goliiK out of .its way when it presumes to dictate as to whether the  ifiremeii of the city shall -belong to a  union or not. Wc have been contending that the present lay-out doing the  city's ibusiness at the city liall were  incompetent.   And  ive are   now more  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  i       ���*~"-  Ask iKi'UKcr.  When we..oull -KIiik Edward .Sovereign  Lord will Old look like four dollars nnd eighty-six;.con's?"���Hamilton  Post.;     >  Dangerous.  An Oxford man, while hnyjng'-'thu  other tluy, ivii.s shot through the shoulder. Why will ppoirlc continue the  dangerous practice of haying?���Hamilton Spectator.  Different at Toi-onto.  A Louisiana mob has lynched a. ne-  gio for stealing a bottle of pop.   In  KeiHutyky tho "one crime" is the theft  of whiskey.'���Toronto Star. .    ,  iPassing Stnange.  Strange, when you come to think of  it, that tllie day breaika so constantly  gust 21th. An elaborate programmer  lias been prepared. It comprises a  grand procession in the moininff. In  the afternoon field and aequatic sports  will be held. J..G." Ure, secretary Arcade. ������' - ' ' '���  Tlio tiincgun nt Brockton Point will  bu _ln_il.it <> p.m. on Sunday���tlio hour  not for .Islicrmun to begin Hulling.  II. M. Watkins, niitnnycr of tlio West  Coast Oil and Mining Company, in lien1  from Tncoma to straighten out mutters  recently evolved by Wood und Hood.  Convalescents need Eiaen Port���"the  builder up of the. weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Soul J.iquor Co., 74(1 Ponder Htrout.  Gold Seal Canadian Rye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  The Independent wants a report of  each union mealing and news concern-  likgittio meimlbers of every organization.  Such reports and news will do much to  eustaln'and create Interest'dn the'or-  ganlzatlons. Secretaries are especially  urffdd to send In these reports, bult  news from any member oif an organization will be received with pleasure.  The best Cough Cure is " BIG 4"  have.you tried it?  ��AVOY   THEATRE  Bah Nesbitt Manager.  Spleridid  List of  Specialties  Next Week.  The Rendezvous  The bent Lunch Counter in town.  Short Orders the Rule of the House  All the Intent delicncicu of tbe season.  Picnic, Fishing, Sliootiiic and Boating  Lunches put ilp on shortest notice.  All kinds of Shell Fish on hand.  620 Hastings Street West  ive ua a call.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" willnot cure isjiot  worth curing.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION*.  No. 2. Meets ln Labor Hall, Homer  street, overy first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, president; Chas. Durham, secretary, S47 Harris street. ���  JOUitNliiYMlON BAKERS' AND CON-  _PECTIONEKS'-INTERNA'L-Unlon=of_  America, Local, No. 40; Vancouver, B. C.  President,- Jas. Wobster; vice-president,  R. F. McDonald; recording secretary,  Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  F. Rawllnp, Ml) Granville street, room 10;  financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell  street; treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moyles; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-  PBNTBRS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets overy aiternnto Tuosday.  tn room No. 2, Lnbor Hall. President, J.  Davidson; secretary, J. T. Bruce, G2S Harris   streot.  CICAIt.MAI-CHHS ' UNION. , NO. 3S7���  Meets the first Tuesday im each month  In Union hall. President, A. Kochel; vlce-  nicHldcnt, C, Crowder; secretary, Q.  Thomas, Jr., US Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. W. JotuiBon: sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; delegates to Tradeo  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  BROTH BRHOOD OF PAINTERB AND  DECORATOIlS. Local Union No. US.  Meets every Thursday In Labor hall. Preceptor, W. Davis; president, W. Pavlcr;  vice-president, E. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1759 Eighth avenue, Fair-  view; financial secretary, W. Halllday,  Elesmcre House; treasurer, II. MtoSor-  Icy; trustees,-C. Irwin, B. CrosS and W.  Cole.  THE PACIFIC COAST SHING-LB  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday In each month at 3 p. m. ln Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and Homer  streets. J. Stoncy, vtce-presldonf, R. J.  Ncary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. VlBlting. brethren Invited to attend. *���  <       ���; ' ���;     i  i   ^ -        -i  Why do you cough when <.< BIG 4  COUGH CURE " will cure you.  ���\ SATURDAY... .. ��.�� ..JULY 27, 1901-  THE INDEPENDENT.  ~  ���A ������������������������ ��������������+>�������������������������������� ������������������������������������������������� �������������������������  ^ .... SIXTH ... ��� o  V. *  I*-  ���o  ���o  -1  SEMI-ANNUAL CLEARING SALE \  STRONGER,   MORE  IMPRESSIVE,  M_��RE  POWERFUL  BY  FAR  THAN  ITS PREDECESSORS.  j  Each department throughout tlie entire stove' contributes its full i|iiota of  Bargains. The great price reducing influence is felt throughout the Ave floors  of this mammoth' store from basement to top storey. The salo includes everything in  Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Men's and Boys' Clothing,  Furniture, Carpets and Linoleums,  Draperies and House Furnishings,  Millinery, Ladies' Mantles and Ready-Made Garments.  SALE BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING AT 8:30-O'CLOCK.  Full particulars in daily newspapers.  Watch for them.  The Great  Stores of  The Great -  West  Hudson's Bay Stores  Corner  Granville and  Georgia Sts.  >��������*��<���������� <��<���������������������<���������������� ������������������<��������������<  RE FIREMEN'S ��UL  LABOR IN RUSSIA.  (Continued   Croni  last weok.)  In several ot the Russian factories  tlie author saw n. number of laree bedrooms in Aih'lch were- hundieds of  ���double '.slsre beds for the married people, .mostly surrounded by screens, yet  children are seldom seen, because,  ���Where sejwirate wards for babies are  "not ikept. Obey are sent to the country  parish. \vh<_j-e the parents come from'.  Only a .few* first-class ilrilled workmen  have a chance of being- allowed to ikeep  Ithelr children with them at the factory. OC late, efforts hnve (been made  ito secure Wils ad'vnivtagre for all workmen, the Initial move In this direction  "being due to the cotton 'industry. In  ���BevonuJ of:the"best mills ln Moscow  "workers ure iready found In third gen-  ���fcraitlon, and, ns a mbitter of ,faot,  ���weaveis and cotton sphiors very sel-  -Horn chaiiRe their situation. This sort of  ���cast ilnbor Is, however, more to the  advantage of the proprietors than to  that of the men themselves. Children  of factory workmen, grow up iln (the  ractory, and attend the factory school,  become according to the testimony of  employers, lac'quuinted with the process,  arid after a training of three or four  months are sufficiently sKllled ito perform dlincuM! -work, which laborers,  raw from ithe country, require ithree or  four years to master. These raw la-  "borers can, for instance, scarcely be  ���used at all as mechanics," for In this  ���capacity, when compared iwlth workers  lioni and bred In the factory, they  cause a loss of time a.nd material is  ���estimated at 20 to 23 per cent.  It is also intere_.t'in_r to note tha't the  -shortening of the hours of labor does  "not seem to make the laborer from the  ���country more Industrious or Uillgent,  which, on the other hand, is Invariably the case with the trained faotory  workmen.  These conditions of the Russian laborer do not allow of much family  life. Only in ivery rare Instances is a  sepiimtp 100m allotted to eooh family,  generally  four,  sometimes itwo, faml-  ���Hen share conipaMnienLs.���Kitchens are'  invariably common, but every family  .possesses at least a. pot of Us own.  'Tihe uipnrtmenta and corridors Ure  ���evair-ming with children, the babies in  cradles suspended from the celling.  The air, of course, Is far from healthy;  but In spite of -this, says .the author,  these bnrraokb present ia much more  decent spectacle ithan' 'those "-dismal  Bleeping sheds where iWie wandering  t'liuss of Itusslan laborers rest tholr  weary bones on tho dirty sheep skins.  The fourth and highest stage reached  by the Itusslan workmen, though only  In rare Instances, Is tlie one where he  takes care of himself, rents lodgings  where he pleases, ami conducts his own  housekeeping.    These   conditions are,  ��� however, only met \. Ith in the case of  mcehiiiili'sand engineers In central Hus-  slu, to which the foiogoing chiefly applies, niul also in .the Polish provinces,  ��nd St. Petersburg.  The common features in the condition  of the Russian laborers in the central  provinces are low. wages;which barely  keep them 'above the' point 'of starva-'i  .tlon.   There is noj_,eed:to pay more/ns  the country' parish from "which the" la-  borer'hails.'by law'is'compelleo. to Jake  care_ of, Itsi-lnfirm  when.i they; ;break  down, and the peasantry Is tljus made  to pay, ln order to furnish the manufac-  \  /  turers, large and small, with cheap labor, in the cotton factories 13 to 20  j-oubles a. month, equal to $2 anil J2.30  a week in Canadian currency, seems to  be the average for spinners and weavers in Moscow. To this miserable plt-  tanVe nui.st. however, m fainiess, he  added line loilijlng.s, such as they are.  Tlut then, again, a I'onsiilerab'o part  of the wtii-es Hows hack to the pocket  of the employe:' in the shnpe of fines  and all sorts,of nrbltrurjr deductions.  In inanv factories the wages are not  oven paid regulaily, 1ml only at the  end of tiie workin? term when accounts  are settled, an arrangement obviously  to the'dlsadvnntagf of the poor unsettled workmen, as It keeps him from  leaving the l'nctoiy should he so desire,  and compels him to buy his articles of  food on credit which is seldom granted  except In shops belonging to the factory. Cash he can only get when the  employer is wiling and able to give it  to him. Many a worker never sees a  penny in cash, but is always kept' a  debtor to his lord and master. Payment cf wages. Is simply a matter of  book keeping, earnings and payments  o  being transferred from one account to  another. .Sometimes, says an inspector  of factories, It i.s dillicult to decide  whether the shop exists for the benefit  ot.the lactory or the faetoiy for the  shop. Tn cases where the��� proprietors  do not run a store themselves,���they  sometimes bind their workmen by contract to purchase from a certain  tradesman, who generally allows the  proprietor a bonus of 15 per cent, on  everything purchased.'       ,  'As to the working time, it Is 12 to 13  houis dally in the large weaving centre  of Vladimir, with 1C hours a in the dyeing departments. The longest working hours in e, however, In those industries which as yet are on the level of  the workshops, when the working day  of IS 'hours lis by no means common.  The following details relating to the  mat-makers in Moscow would be absolutely Incredible where lt not that they  ai*2 satted by a government inspector  of factories. The industry Is still maintained on the woiHc_mops system, two  adults  and* two ohlldren    forming    ._  gang.   This'is what the Inspector says:  "Working-time commences Sunday at  9 o'clock p. m��� the husband, wife and  i  two children work without cessation to  four In the morning of 'Mondays, the  husband weaving with the help of his  wife, and .the children meanwhile pre-  IKiiIng the material   used.      Al four  o'clock the man goes to sleep, but the  rest keeps to wonk till seven ln  the  morning; then the husband gels up and  wife goes to sleep fill 9 o'clock; nfter  this one of the children goes lo sleep  till one o'clock In the afternoon, ilui'lni*  which time the parents and other child  work without   Interruption.      At   one  o'clock the oilier child goes lo sleep till  seven |i. in., from Which time all work  together  Ull two o'clock   a.  in.    next  morning Tuesday,  when all  retire for  two or   tluee hours  and    'then    start  afresh. ���>'��,.  The half of these workers nre children! -of which not many are' even .ten  years old���aye, and cases are iknown  when babies,of three yeara���(ire'set to  wonk. 'About Easter, when work generally is suspended    for some .weeks,  'v ,. .?�����'. ��� ��� - f ,-..'"' , ���  these workers'are said to he In'such a  wenk and enfeabled  condition ��� that a  puff of wind ifalls'ithem to the ground.  The author explains, If   not   excuses,  this shocking state of things'by sayln?  tha.t one can only comprehend It on the  supposition .that ithe woKkers periodically return to the country and sleep  weeks through without work, thus  gathering fresh strength.    "     ���  The conditions prevailing in the spinning fcatoiies are scarcely more favot-  able. Yot In these factories, when  spindles are kept going day and night,  there are usually two gangs of workers  employed twelve hours each, alternating ever six hours.  Corporal .punishment, In. the 'form of  blows, is freely and nhundently Inflicted on the workingmen, both by English and 'Russian overseers. Only the  Esthonian. workmen are said not to  submit to it.  No organized eltort^on the .part of  the workingman to Improve their condition was, of course, 'to be noticed,  seeing itimt It is iprohlUlted -by 'the government. Strikers are severly punished. The leaders got from seven to  eight months Imprisonment, and their  followers two lo seven months, if they  do not resume wonk at once when commanded .to do so hy the police. Yot In  spite of tills, strikes halve of late been  increasing, and only recently, when  there we're several going on in Russia,  the Minister of Finance. M. Wltte, ln  a circular to the factory inspector; Impressed upon ithem that a strike was a  criminal offence; the employer should  be considered as a father to his laborers, and it was to his favor 'alone that  the men should look for ��iiiiy-improve-  ment In 'tlielr condition. -  Such is the tale which the Sweedlsh  friend of autocratic Russia, Dr. Knut  WloTtso.l, has to tell us, and tho worst  of it is that his narrative Is but .too  true. Surely, If .trade vunlon propagan-  doever was called for and justified, it  is on behalf of these down hodden masses iformlng the Russian'people, -whose  fate, both on economic and humanitarian grounds, cannot remain a, matter  of indifference to the civilized world  at large.���From the Journal of the Department of Labor, New Zealand.  BROTHERLY LOVE.  ���Tho-crnnlr out .lt=��it-lhe~cl_y-lmll "evidently are now apolng Col. Sillers and  going In for mules, for they appear to  love to see a <lne thistle crop on the  streets. "J3y the Way'' in the Ncws-  Advcrtlser has the following to say:  "A law which is a 'dead letter' here  In Vancouver, has Just been enforced  In Vcltorla, where a resident has heen  fined $3 for pei mining a growth of  thistles on his premises. There Is a  big growth of the same wood pest In  Viiritoulver, partly on iprlvaUely owned  lots, but also In some parts of the  oily���Falrvicw affording special Instances In point���upon the roadside.  ���When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.  Now, gentlemen, hero is the shop to  get'yourluiir cut to suit you: Corner  Canibio and Conlova.   C. Kllis.  ,���  Drink Red .Cross,Deer, tlio Ixier that's  Sure, 75c'pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 740 Pender'street.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by whito men���are you drinking, it ?  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia 'Tn'bfets. ' They 'cure  or you get your money back. 50c box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Peter Paimer, of Chicago, says: "For  ten years I made as desperate <i fight  against,organized labor as  w*is ever  made by mortal man.   It cost considerable more ithan a million dollars to  learn ithnt there Is no lubor ho skilled,  so intelligent,   so   faithful    us    thnt  which Is governed by an organization  whose ollkinls arc well balanced, level  headed men.   I now employ none but  organized labor, and ntlvcr hjave the  least  trouble,  each  believing tlie one  hns no light to oppress   ,the   other."  This should be tho experience of tho  olvlc lire  committee   were   prejudice  taken from their deliberations. And we,  as an Institution working for the best  Interest  of   the  city,   think  that  Mr.  Watson deserves a vote of thanks instead of censure for the work he is  accomplishing, which he is doing voluntarily and well, with a good deal of  abuse from outsiders 'thrown in.    On  what grounds the (Ire -and ipollee committee object to the city iflremen becoming an organized Ibody Is not very  clear.    No reason   was given   at  the  meeting, and If 'the committee thinks  over it, it will soon find 'that no ivalld  reason exists why the llremen should  .not become    part    and parcel of the  great and growing army of organized  labor.    Men  with as great minds as  comprise our (Ire and police  committee see  a  great deal of good in  organized    labor.      For    Instance,   Mr.  Gladstone says: "Labor unions are the  bulwark of modern society."   Cardinal  Manning says:  "A body of woi'lcmen  has the same right .to protect itself by  trade unions, etc., as any other combination of  men  claims    for    itself."  Thorold Rogers, professor of political  economy,  Oxford  university,  says: '|'I  look upon the trade union as ithfc principal means for benefiting the condition of  the  working classes."    Surely  such intelligent men as Aldermen Mc-  Phaiden and 'McDonald Will be aible to  grasp 'tha't Idea.   They should give up  the notion  that 'because it Is a* trade  union  it   must    necessiaiily    mean  a  strike.    This is not so.    The men are  not asking anything from it{ie committee, nor are 'they likely to.. They are  not oven asked  to send delegates to  the local trades counoll.   But, Just the  same, as the chief is a member of a  chiefs'  .union extending all  over the  continent   of  America,   so ithese   men  desire 'to toe a part of organized labor,'  working   -under a Canadian    charter,  and being part of a.Canadian institution. ' 'What harm  Is   there  in  that?  They  are  now 'a  benevolent society,  and the mere holding of a charter will  make  no difference excepting that It  Mill be national instead of local.   It is  difficult >to understand menNlike Alderman    MePhaiden   ireoommendlng   Mr.  Watson to attend to his own business.  From" what we can lCarn, Mr. Watson  does his work as well as ever.it was  done, and we know  that he does not  neglect his duties in order to take up  the work of organizing .unions.    This  work Is done -wholly ln his'own time  and  after office hours.    Can- ithis   be  said   of  Alderman    MePhaiden?    We  understand that he has a government  position, and stated olllce hours.   Yet  he finds time to attend to cilv-ic committee meetings and his several aider-  manic duties, many ot" which talke him  fiom his olllce during olllce hours.   Yet  no one casts the slur upon him "that  it would be better for him if he attended to his own. 'business."   But for the  (lie committee's   information  we  aie  icliaibly  Informed   that a compulsory  arbitration act"Wlll  be passed by the  legislature   mt   Vlotoria in  the  near  future.    If the firemen or any other  body  of   workmen   wishes  to   particl-  paleiln-its-benefits-they-must-be-an  oigtmized   and   an   incorporated   body,  if the -lire committee will weigh this  matter ca.refully we are sure tt will see  a direct 'benefit to all1 the city's employes becoming organized.    A stii'ke  then  would  bo   unknown,   for this   is  what  compulsory    arbitration    would  biins ml. out.���Com.  P. 0. BOX 296. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  "Wholesale Agkvts for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  ,. SOCIETIES HE-UNION.  1 A re-union celebration of nil the  fi-itcrrml societies of the Province will  be held In this city on Saturday. August 24th. An elaborate programme  has been prepared, it comprises n  grand procession In the morning. In  Iho afternoon 'field and ai|imtlc sports  will be held. .1. G. Ure, secretary, Ar-  cuie.  Telephone 651.  Western Cartage Co  . W. A.;McDonald   s  .Trucks, Drays and Express  -Wagons  for  all  Purposes.  ;     ,  ���.,*���..'   -    -      - '-     .,  ORDtR&V TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Cambie Street,  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.  W  ���St* >< Sing QaaMtr " Shoe Jim bwn mttllw eoM-JfaM  _.___ ^   -*��i����heft_.w'*��d;��ta��SB_t��i,��xpo��WoB. AJLsB<_ii*teEoi��$ii  DNHJaTIdJiEIf,   ��. �����_���.��.����"SKe* Q__y%* 1��4��B4rfo_Tr��u*__4*��_i_S  _BM__������ff(Otg-MllfUti��___  . > Made by TStB J, D. &|flG 00.. Umked. ToronfD��_���'  Greenlee* Brothers.  ^ LOHNE,- RARE OLD and  ��. m. LICfcUEUf* WHISKIES.  Are now asked for in Preference  to anq other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Co ruble   Street!.  VANCOUVER  Street Fair& Carniva  August 5, 6, 7. S, 9,10,1901.  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTER.  W. C. NICHOL, ESQ., Chairman. XV, H. QUANN, ESQ*.  J.  BUNTZEN,  ESQ.  P. BUSCOMBE, ESQ.  W. H.- LUCAS, ESQ.  E. J.  McFEELT, ESQ.  r. Mclennan, esq.  M. S. ROSE, ESQ.  WM. HODSON, ESQ*.  S. D. NESBITT, ESQ.  CAPTAIN D. McPHAIDEN,  A. SMITH, ESQ;  The executive committee will be pleased to rereive applications from local, provincial and other merchants for booth space at the forthcoming great  Street Fair and Carnival. Booth space tv_U be allotted as follows: Frontage,  Sl.OH per foot, depth of all booths 10 feet. Plans may be seen at the Committee's Headquarters, Fairfield block Grandville street. All applications to  be made in writing to  W. H. LUCAS, ESQ.,  c Secretary "V. S. F. and C. '  ROYAL   HOTEL  Near to All Steamboat Wharves ami  Railway Depots.  136 WATER ST.     -      -     VANCOUVER, B. C  Even-thing new and up-to-date. Electric  Light throughout. KntcB, fl to ti ����� <1��5*.  Special rates for the week or month. ^  HOPRIRK. SV1SNCE * CO.  THERE'IS"  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost' ev-  ecybody can ^afford it.  Once tised, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.*  Cor. Carrall,and Hastings  Streets.  A. M. TYSON,.  WHOLESALE AND RZTAIL DKALKR IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  PACIFBC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points lu Canada nml tlio Unlied Statin. ��  the fastest and hest hquipped train  ' crossing the continent.  RAILING* FOR JAPAN AND CHINA.  Empress ot China July Sth  EmprcsK ol India  July 29l__  Kmpri'm of Japan Juno 17th.  and every four \.cck_ thereafter.   ^,  SAILING FOU HONOH-l.t) AND AUSTRALIA.  Motinil May Mat,  M imvera .- June 2Blb.  Aorangl July 26th  and every' four wcuki, tliureafler.  For further particulars ,11s io timo 'niton etc.,  apply to ������..-���   ���    ,*��� ' '    ��� .'-.���.���.  E. J.COY1.E, >   .,     JAMES SCLATKR,  Vl.  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vaucouvor, B. C. 42S Hastings 81.,'  Vaueouver, B. O, 1  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY... .. ,���,* ��.3ruLT E7, 1901  EDITORIAL PAR*.  ' Peto Kramer, of Builington, N. J.,  bos eight wives. His .defence is insanity, which looks reasonable enough.  Carnegie's offer to Halifax ot $7.*i,n00  (or a library is doubtless due to the  limit that tome other cities when offered Carnegie's bounty told the liiilllon-  irire   to  go   to   Halifax.���Kx.  Nobody accepts then lews on the G.  V. It. strike of I'n.C Odium ns serious.  Ills letter In the World, from a work-  diiKiiian's Maiulpuliit, l_> mi much C. P.  11. ti-.ish.  The rich, f.islldlous wife would her-  BCir be a. ".sem-.int" If sho did not have  money. She would have to cither earn  lier own living or ".sponge" It oil' some  one else who did earn it.���Ux.  fishing on tlie Preiser were illegally  naturalized, and licensed. Our officials  know this, and any one of them is a  serious offence against the daw. The  law, you say; what's that? In this  case lt Is a thing to protect the Japanese llsherinen, to the cost of white and  Indian labor, and to keep the barnacle  family at Ottawa, and Victoria liusy  doing nothing. The working men of  this count!y will take up this alien labor question, and sift ill to the bottom.  HELP THE FISHERMEN.  The press of Client Britain are ns  dumb ns oysters on tlie C. P. H. strike.  Bo far not a single reference h.is been  made to it. It is wonderful how the  Associated Press can 'be handled in the  Interests of capitalists.  If the C. P. It. iroln due about noon  vvery day arrives before daylight next  tnornlng it is now considered to be on  time. "Yes. everything is lovely for  <_. P. H. officialdom"���we don't  think. And -the "gooses" hang high���  if they don't they should.  The London Morning Lender says  concerning the late fishermen's strike:  The whites and Indians ousted are  genuine settlers. Tlie ivage issue Is a  Bmall one; the real trouble is the action of the canners In replacing whites  and Indians by Japanese.  The first daily labor paper of Canada  celebrated its second anniversary last  Monday. We refer to the Niinaimn  Herald, We wish It a long and prosperous career. The Herald Is one of  the best paipers in Canada, not in size,  Im* in what it prints.  One good effect of the industrial  troubles in this province at tihe present time has been to turn public attention to the probable advantages of  compulsory arbitration ��s a. reason-  nMe solution of the strike difficulty  and labor and "capital questions generally.���HossUukI World.  /���*.���..    The Victoria Trades and Labor  Council lias sent a letter to the Colonist asking it to continue the publication of its -labor department in its  Sunday edition. The Colonist promises to consider ithe matter. No doubt  the editor wonders what's the matter  with The Independent, whose -function  is labor, that dt does not seem to fill  the "long-felt want" at Victoria.  The Godson-Robertson (building was  ttgtun the scone of a. serious accident  on Wednesday, when seven men were  edverely injured by an elevator giving  way. Accidents will happen, but there  Is no excuse for a rickety hoist, which  "would not be allowed were a buildlnc  .inspector appointed to look aiter such  affairs. Why can't the city inspector  look after the safety of workmen?  The Independent Ihas received a copy  of a. volume which Is now receiving  much attention from ibook critics and  readers generally. It is entitled "An  English Woman's Love Letters." The  liook Is -most interesting, as its title  would imply, and of literary merit.  The name of the author is a secret.  It is one of the very finest novels published. It comes from ithe publishing  house of Laird & Lee, always friendly  to organizel labor, and -who are prepared to 'fill orders for union-made  books.  In the codicil to his -will Admiral  Sir John Edmund Commerell, V. C,  who died ln England on May 21st last,  added: "Halving had fatal.experience  of the iniquity of the law in  centaiin  cases, when decisions have Ibeen given  __ff.-i.Inst common sense and justice, I  entreat the parties .interested in my  ���will not to appeal to the law if any  difficulty may arise, 'but to arbitrate.  Having been swindled myself by every  lawyer that I ever had anything to do  with makes me offer this advice to my  licira, executors iand assigns."    '  Tha Toronto Globe, commenting upon tlie strike situation here, complains  thnt the Associated Press dispatches  fc'Ive very meagre details of tlhe matter, and odds: "'The Rossland Miner  declares that the men were contented,  tout have 'been worked upon by outside  'fiHTltutors. This Js. of course, a common allegation in regard to all strikes,  nnd It would be unsafe /to pay much  attention to it until more' is known of  the facts. Disinterested visitors to  Itossland four or fine years ago remarked that ithe conditions under  wlilcli the men -worked left much to  be desiired."  Has our local government got so low  ��*s to be dictated to "by the cannerymen. It is a well-known fact that the  tgreat majority of the Japanese now  Fraudulently iiutiimll-'.eil .Taps, illegally bearing arms, are ilshlng on the  Pra.ser. Italians unlawfully Import-il  from 'the United Slates are being fore-*  eil at the muzzles of six shooteis in  the .hands of siwcials tn work Mil the  l\ P. It. against their will. Spies in  the employ of Rowland mine mnnagvr.s  follow labor org.iuizers from place to  ���ilaiv. Fishins interests are crlpled,  railroads tied up. mines closed down,  smelters silent, thousands of stockholders robbed of dividends, other  thousands of workingiiicn lobbed of  an opportunity to toll, bulsness men  niv ruined, communities stagnated,  families thrust Into poverty, commerce disjointed and industry paralyzed, all because employer and employee can not agree as to what is a  fair day's pay for a fair day's work.  Think tlie .matter over for a few moments, gentle reader. There is something radically wrong in this. How can  the wrong be remedied?���Sandon Paystreak.  Another bungle has been made by  the city council about getting a couple  of town lot" for the Carnegie library,  besides there has ibeen too much of a  sectional spirit displayed by our city  dads in ithe ma liter. 'Sectionalism undoubtedly is, a form of mild insanity.  There are six 'varieties of insanity:  Mania, acute and chronic; melancholia; dementia; paralysis of the Insane;  ldiotcy, and Imbecility. "Tom" Mc-  Guigan, after making several 'trips to  New Westminster, to see about the  city printing (?) (so 'he says) but in  reality about a. graver matter, informs  us that he finds that the "non-restraint" system is admitted to be of  the greatest value to restoie a daft  body of childish aldermen to their  proper sense. We want to whisper  gently to the public that nothing serious is likely to happen to the city in  the selection of another library site,  as his worship has a couple of a1>le-  bodled policemen to assist lilm in time  of need.  A great deal has been said by the  daily' press of the province favoring  compulsory 'arbitration, particularly  by the Colonist. We believe in the  principles of compulsory, arbitration.  One great drawback to carrying iit out  successfully.in .British Columbia is  that -the government is not in sympathy with the working class; that If  an act were passed It would be so  worded as to allow loop holes for capitalists or employers to go scot free,  whereas labor would be compelled to  submit to the arbitrary rulings of a  judge. And 'by the way we know of  only one judge in this province' who  would likely at all toe fitted for an arbitrator on labor disputes. Before  an arbitration act can be of any (practical sen-Ice to the people the government of ithe day must be one of them.  As It ds now lt Is controlled by capitalists and there would practically be-no  show of labor receiving justice through  compulsory arbitration. Its only weapon of justice at present lies In Its  strength of organization.  THE GYMKHAMA.  Under 'the patronage of Colonel Worsnop, and'with the co-operation of illie  Jockey Club, on Saturday will be held  .the 'first gymkhana ever given In this  city. The word "gymkhana" Itself is  a, compound Illndoostan one, the llt-  erarmeaiilng"of which~is-"sr>ort_food."  A most liberal programme .has been  provided, and as the contestants arc  all men of tried ability in the saddle  and thoroughly familiar with the use  ot the lance and sabre, the various  feats are sure to prove most interesting. In addition five horse races will  bo deolded. The Jockey Olub are certainly to be commended for .their enterprise. C. P. R. trains to Hastings  will leave at 1:30 and 2 p. m. Round  fare 2& cents.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palaco livery  s tables.  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, tlie aun-  sliine of California, SOc bottle, nt Gold  Sen! Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  The Mint. c  Is located nt the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and tbe prices right for  overy one.   Seattle Rainier beer, Scents.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guar-  anued to restore falling appetite and  oorrec*-, say kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watson  Co.  Following  are   names of subscribers  to the fishermen's fund to defray the  legal and family expenses of tho incarcerated men, and the amounts:  Sockeye Kusllior  t 3 ��>  Uoniilitiuii ���*_ Miitliutts  ������' J  A. CKlorl  ������'"  U. Minnty  "J"  .luliiisluii, KurtuoUfc Co  ;' [J  Qiiiinu Ilit'i  'JO"  All. Alistlu          5*  C. A..McKlnnon  * <;���  ���1'. Uiur-uii  ���';;  k.j ivuit  ��;  J.T. Ahrny   ���;-"  W. It. Jones  j "J  T.J Kobcil-   ������)��  W. ArmstroiiK  J ��1'  .1. lie Uiilcnu  ������ [JJ  Ke.ert_ limine  - JJ  John Docker ^  -| f  finis. K. TImIiiII  ���if"  Suvoy  a��  J.Ouen  �����  .1. II. Wiii.uii  -W  (J. W. Helmer  S �����  Kuit/AMM  2"  'V.TIetJcn  iOO  I_. KubuinlK     -,w  Aim* Holilen Co  * <��'  Win. I_iil|.h  ioo  I. fame  J ����  W.j.orr  }����  II. Albert  J*  S. liloi-kbon  } JJ  Jus  Kerr  }'}]  l'aiil 1'iirout  J 00  H. I.iiincn  } w  Enbiurn Trice Shoe Store  1 OO  J. Crow  10(1  Friend  1<*'  S.TTIC70  !00  Friend   150  J. blMlllMIIl  1 0"  A. ��. *'nuur  100  Sockeve  100  (i. W. Hloomlleld  100  Friend  1 Ol)  A.S.Schwnn  100  H.,1. Wlllillllis  100  C. Simpson  100  C. Siunpiotio  1 00  friend  IW  .1. It. Smith  100  F.ilnvnes   100  I..J..C   100  Hopkirk A- Sncnco  1 0"  Mr. Newlmnl  100  II. A. Corns  SO  Ed. Fetmrly  00  ,I.C  SO  X. McAlister  75  S.P  .">"  .I.W.Troe  ��i  Friend  30  Uitsli  ��l  II. X. Hullberv   oO  C. C. Eldriilge  50  (iusAmbery  50  A. IS. Clay  100  CiHvin Croin  100  J. O. Stiirns  00  T. A  2u  rt'm. Jordon  '��*  Friend  23  Fiiond  -ISO  R.l_l_._eU  2 00  ?11'J 00  For the next SO days you can get a suit at  your own price at-  THE   ACME  To Introduce our new system of tailoring be  "fore our Full Stock nrriveb.  21 Georgia St. C. L. Holland, Cutter.  You'll nol find fault with nny quality ymi  get nt the reople'i, l'o|iulai Price Vliaruiacy.  ijuulity Is ol supremo Importance.  You'll not Iind fault with Iho prices���Ihey  ure always fair aud lower than other store's  prices.  OL'R  PRICI& NOT CONTROLUD   BT  ANT  COMBINE.  Cantoris, ltcgulnr Price Jl-lc, our price 25c  Carlet'.. Pills, "        "    20c,   "     "      ISc  Dr. Glb-iin's Kidney Cure, Regular Price  *i.Ek), our price    $ I  SI'ON'OES ASn SOAI'S AT MALI* PBICII.  l'llESCHIITIDKS : 00 per cent. loHeillian  oilier ..TORfa.  Gerald Deyell   druggists  W. D.Wylle  Successors to J. A. I,. McAlphiue.  WE'LWHVN THE EAItTH.  Let us corner up the sunbeams  Lying all Htound our path,  Put a fence round every meadow,  Get a trust on wheat and chaff:  . Lot us find our clilefest rilcasurc  Hoarding bounties of the day,  So tlie poor will have scant measure  And two prices have to pay.  Yes, we'll reservoir tho rivers,  And we'll levy on the lakes, 1}  And we'll lay a trifling poll tax  On each poor man who partakes;  We'll Drand his number on him,  That he'll carry through his life;  We'll apprentice all his children,  Get a mortgage on his w ife.  We'll capture e'eu the wind god  i. And conlinc hlm'lu a cave.  Then through our patent process  We the atmosphere will save.  Thus we'll squeeze our little brother  Whon he tries his lungs to till  Put a meter on hlswlndie  And present our llttlo bill.  We will syndicate the starlight  And monopolize the inoon,  Claim royalty on rest days,  A proprietary noon.  For right of way through ocean's spray  We charge just what It's worth;  We'll drive our stakes around the lakes.  In fact, we'll own the earth.  ���New Time.  40c  ���buysnipiart of our ICE CHEAM���pure and  delicious, exquisite. At that price, of course,  you take It home yourself, In a htuuly paste,  board bo.\, niaile for tho purpose. Cream will  keep frozen for an hour or more.  Or for SOc we will pack a quart in ice to keep  several hour .���and we will deliver lt.  Gallon lots, packed und delivered... .$1,60 gal.  Five-Gallon lots and over,   packed  and delivered $1.50 gal.  Baker and  Confectioner,  413 Hastings Street. Telephone 307.  UHANCHl-.S: JJeach House, No. 4 Arcade.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  THE CLERKS.  To the Editor of The Independent:  Snt,���I may have been wrongly informed, but if so I hope to be corrected.  I was told that out of about GO clerks  who comprise the members of the local  Retail Clerks' International Protective  Association the attendance is only about  25 per cent, and not one-twelfth of the  ladies who are members attend. "Sow,  sir, I think that this is deplorable, us  when the ladies are regular in attendance it always induces the gentlemen to  be more punctual in attending the  meetings. Veritas.  Vancouver, July 20, 1901.  The Mint  Is���the���new���saloon���at���the-corner  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best/and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  SOCIETIES RE-UNION.  A re-unlon celebration of all the  fraternal societies of the Province will  be held in this city on Saturday, August 24th. An elaborate programme  lias been rrepnred. It comprises a  grand procession ln the morning. In  the afternoon field and acquntic sports  will be held. J. G. Ure, secretary Arcade. -  Pay up your subscription to the Independent, lit d'oes not coat you much  and you nhould not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  . If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our SOc rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender street.  PARIS GREEN. HELLEBORE  AND WHALE OIL SOAP for the ex-  termlnaition of the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale by tbe McDowell. Atkins, Watson Company, The  Druftgrtets, Vancouvor.  EGGS FOR SALE  for Setting, $ 1.50 for 13  BLACK LANGSHANS  Stock took First Prize at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  "SffloSS?*   W. D. Jones  CREDIT:  Times arc hard and cash is scarce, and  Is likely to be till after the Ashing season. On the other hand we are placing  our students into positions so fast (39 In  seven weeks) that lve will be short of  graduates for the fall business. For this  reason we are prepared to make arrangements (with responsible parties) for a. full  commercial course In surh a way that the  full fee Is not payable till the end of the  six months' course. Offer open till June  ISth, 1901. '  Tlio H.IU.Vogel Commercial College  P. O. Box 317.  Vancouver, B. C.  ALL TRIE  GOOD* POINTS  you know of In connection with laundry work nnywhferc we have them here.  And it is possible wo'have a lot you  have never heard about.  To still further perfect our equipment,  our Mr. Stewart left this week for the  east to pick up Ideas and Investigate  whatever new laundry appliances have  recently been put upon the market.  You can always count upon us being  right up to the fast tick of the clock.  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  ,   D. JI. STEWART, Pkop.  Pho.ve 346. 910 - 914 Kiciiards St.  The laundry of the dark red wagons.  WHITE   LABOR  ONLT.  Ice Cream,   Iced Drinks,  G. ,B. Chocolates,  English and Canadian Confectionery.  MONTREAL BAKERY  WESTMINSTER AVENUE.  ���������������������������������������  GEO. HAY  ���     Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     ^L  Renovator, makes a suit new.     ^��  Y Dyeing and Repairing. 2  >v 216 Cambie St., Vancouver. i  TEL.  Best  945  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea and Coffee Pots  Tea Kcttlds iu all Sizes  (Nicklu rimed)  These goods will Inst n life time. ^  No scouring to keep cloqn  Always look bright  R. G. BUCHANAN & CCX  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and 408 Westmlmter Avenue, Vancouver  Choice Family-  Groceries  and Provisions.  OPPOSITE THE OLD STORE,  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Prior.  15EC0ND HAND t  ��� BICYCLES-****^ |  W Among this lot aro somo Clevolands, Tribunes and Columbias. ^-  ^ All are in good condition,   a  few are almost new.   Very ^v &-  A prices to clear them out. AL.  IWm. nAIBH ���----..  ~  ���  , 126 Hastings St. *  SOLE AGENT ���-  ��     CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLES.     ��  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������  McLennan,  Micfeely &> Co*  WHOLESALE AND  RETAIL DEALERS  IN  s��j�� hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATHENrriON.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,'  -   Vancouver, B. C.  flt3T Headquarters for  Domestic and lm-  |>orted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Is now on.   All goods at Half Price for  ONE WEEK.  . NILL&,  10 Cordova St  If You Want a Suit  I of Clothes,.  You ought to come here now nnd see tho specials in ODD SUITS wc are  belling, by "odd suits" we moan "broken lots"���perhaps onlj- ono or two  suits of n kind���but wc have many different kinds. We give you our word  lor lt thut they are all genuinely new this season. Whisper: we'vo got to  get rid of them, because our Fall Suits arc already on tho way. Pardon us  lor thinking of fall���we've scarcely had a week of summer yet���but "facts  > are stubborn thlngb"���hence this tlrop In prices:  SI2.S0 Suits for $ 9.S0 SIS.50 Suits for SIO.SO  $17.30 Suits for SI3.SO $18,30 Suits for $14.30  JOHNSTON, KERfOOT ��> CO.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers, 104-6 CORDOVA STUEET,    '  Matters and Mens's furnishers, VANCOUVER.  Trunk Store 12? Hastings St., 0[>t*. Wm. Ralph's.  dods!  TENNIS, CRICKET, CROQUET,  HAMMOCKS, FISHING TACKLE,  BASEBALL, LACROSSE,  BOXING GLOVES  AND PUNCHING BAGS, ETC.  E. Tisdall, ���M,aRS!n^  Gratifying indewl to hear praises sounded throughout the      .,  Dominion.   FIT-REFORM patterns, gathered from the various,  quarters of the glohe, are receiving undivided attention  from  nobby dressers,  That's why makers of Fit-Reform are taxed to tlieir utmost  capacity in this tlie spring of 1901. .  FitRefwmW^rd6e.  334 Hastings St. Vancouver, B. C-  Mail orders promptly attended to.  Self measurement blanks and samples  sent on application. n  Massey-Harris and Stearns  AIL STYLES BICYCLES AU PRICES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  TU kest>9i��cc ln B. C. to h��re your  Bicycle repaired.  roil!.  Good Milk and Cream:  ROSE BANK DAIRY  MAS NO EQUAL.   Terms Reasonable. .  i.S. MILLER, Prop.    1130 Hornby'St...  '   ...������*

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