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The Independent May 4, 1901

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 a  SEW YORK UFE INSURANCE Ct)  Tho oldest nnd Inrgost interiiii-  tlonal coiupuny In tlio world.  Supervised by u governments.  Fred Cockburn ��� District Mgr.  Flack Biocft, Va*.-ocyei:.  VOL. 3.  OTTAWA FIRE IKSURAii'Cfi CO  'Autl_orized"Capltal - $1,500,000  Subscribed Capital - - 500,000  (lOTernmcut Deposit -   "    81,000  H. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for JJ. C. and Alberta.  80 anil 31 Flnck Block, Vancouver.  VANCOUVER B. C., SATURDAY, MAY 4, 1901.  ISpcclullv Written for Tin: Iniiki'KSiiknt.]  Ottawa. April, 23 1001.  Lost week was a fairly   pood week  so far ns public business wus concerned.   Several matters came up tor discussion which aio of Interest to our  many renders, and, of course, tha decisions rendered  were  favorable,  and  others were unfavorable to the cause  of labor In Canada, but whether winning: or losing the processes of education go on,  which will ultimately,  If  wisely guided, lead us to the goal towards which we are moving.   All true'  progress Is slow, and nature nearly always alms at evolutions rather than  revolutions.   This  day   of   ours   Is   a  growing time, not only ln the history  of our trade and commerce, but also ln  our thoughts and views of things, and  It must afford considerable satisfaction  to men like' yourself,  who,  ahead of  time   perhaps,   propounded    doctrines  which  were llouted  and scouted,  but  which are to-day forging ahead Into  public prominence, und are becoming  both the fixed ideas and principles of  those who are guiding public opinion,  and who are recognised as our leaders,  both of  thought  and action.   In   the  realm of nature there Js a sowing and  there is a reaping time, but the sowing  must precede the reaping.   The _<ame  Is true in  the Intellectual and social  have cojt tho people of Canada far  more thnn they would have cost If  they had been clone ny dny lnbor under proper supervision. For this reason, that contracts wero given to political friends. These friends got the  contracts on tlie understanding that  they would "put up" when necessary.  So that the people had to pay, not  only what the contractors put up for  political purposes, but they had to pay  the contractors for their generosity to  NO. 6.  would take the place of the strike In  regard to the settlement of labor disputes. He also claimed that the legal-  h.ntlon of the label would Improve exuding conditions.  "Mr. Puttee, M. P., Winnipeg, said  that the label was In use but that the  only means of preventing Its unauthorised use was prosecution for fraud. But  the label has not the status ot a copyright. He said that various attempts  had  been made to imitate the label  the party.   Some of our richest  men   the latest'instance occurring in Ham-  worlds. We must sow If we would  reap, and the ideas which largely prevail . to-day owe their triumph to  those who, in days past, sowed the  sood seed of truth. We are reaping the  benefits which come to us through the  labors of others, but if we are true  men we shall sow also, so that others  coming after us may be placed in better 'conditions, and enjoy larger possibilities 'in life.  Mr.' Tarte's Estimates.  Every session since ''9G the conservatives have made an attaok upon Mr.  Tarte, because ho, in obedience to the  demands of orga_olzed labor throughout  Canada, adopted to a large extent the  .,���Sri��.��/P;V0.f d?y la.i?or-, Every,session  at' a'particular point Hie question"Ts  asked by'some member of the opposition. Has tlfis work been done by contract or by day labor. The ex-yinance  minister, Hon. air. Poster, whom his  party now has no use for, used to cas-  , *}B*ie ,V*s minister most unmercifully  for daring'to *do such "a thing.'' 'iou  may lead Tarte���but you can't drive  him. He stuck to his guns like a man,  and won the approbation of all fair-  minded men. This session again we  ttave had the usual criticism and condemnation of the minister, and, of  course, the usual condemnation by, the  opposition of'day labdr."' Tlie 'following  is a condensed report of what took  place In the dist ossion:  "Contract or Day Labor.  "In reply to -some remarks by Mr.  Clancy upon the desirability of doing  government work by contract,1 Mr.  Tarte said'that If the contract system  were adopted the contractor would  only have tb malke his profit out of the  work, and the government might as  well be its'own' contractor, and the  work would be dono cheaper by the  day-labor system,, where the government'had a good foreman to supervise  the work.  "Mr. Cluncy said the logical conclusion of Mr. Tarte's argument would be  that all government work would be  done by day labor. No ten men ln Ottawa would wiy that where a number  of men.wero employed on the construc-  tion of a bluldlng for the government  on the day-labor system they would do  as much work In a clay n.s a like number of workmen employed by a contractor on the opposite sum of mc  street. The government work should  be dono by contract w herover possible.  "Mr. Tarte nuoted the experience of  New Zealand, and reiterated his predilection for the diiy-ltilior system under proper supervision."  The illffi'ience of policy betwen the  grits und the lories on this iiues'tlon is  clean cut. There Is no room for quibbling. Tlie one party in sympathy with  tho contentions of labor favor day labor, the other party In sympathy with  the contentions or con tractors whom  they always found very sonvlconblc at  election times for putting up th0 ono  thing needful favor the contract system. I nsk tho workingmen to mark  this. So far as the arguments, of Mr.  Clancy are concerned, thoy won't hold  water. The facts aro till against his  epecious arguments. So far as the contract system,    as  applied    to    public  have been made rich through the con  tract sy.item    i<omo    of our gieatest  scandals have been biought about by  the way In which public works were engineered in tho interests of the party  and the contractor, and In  this' way  millions of dollars have been wasted  that should harte been in tlie purse of  the people    Mr. Tarte was right whon  ho said that the government might ns  well be Its own contractor, and save  to the people the fat profits and the  money contributed by contractors for  election, purposes.   Long may this view  prevail, and long may this principle be  carried out with profit  to our wage-  earners, and to our taxpayers.  The Union Label  BUI.  In my  last  letter I  dealt    at some  length on this most Important measure,  and I almost made a prediction that  the old senate would once more save  Canada by tluowing out this bill.   It  did "so In the most senile way possible.  It was as usual refened to the senate  committee on banking and commerce.  There was a large attendance of labor  representatives, but, for the first time,  the   powers    influencing    these   noble  statesmen   became   manifest.   During  past co'nsideratlo'ns of this bill,'I was  giving tlie toiy senators credit for originating the ideas which reluctantly  constrained them to oppose the wishes  of organized labor, but I find out now  that 'tlicre Is not enough of brains in  their    heads    to    originate   or    suggest anything.   They have   again revealed the startling fact that they are  both the \ ictlms and the willing slaves  b_ the "manufacturers.   And why should  they not?   Why,  nearly overy one of  them  ran  elections,''and  who  helped  the'-tory senators'-more than    these*  poor helpless manufacturers, and now  that they are safe from the wrath of  the people,1 and no more dependent upon their votes,' it would be rank Ingratitude on  their part did they not  stand by the class that stood by'them  in their hours of need.     A conservative, whether a member of parliament  or a senator, always  remembers  his  friends. "'The labor men present did  themselves   credit.       They   presenbed  their views in a very able manner, but  the'fact that Mr.'Russell, secretary of  the  Manufacturers'    association,'  was  there ' representing  800  manufacturers  opposed to 'the bill, that was enough  for the old tory senators. 'These men,  they said, represent the purse of the  gieat consenvatl'^e party.' -XVe cannot  alleriato them.   We haive   fought   to-  . ,i i. --.  gether bofbre and we will require their  dollars again; we' must stand by them.  Mr. Russell pulled' the strings, and the  result' was���tlie same as before*���that  the bill was thrown out without'giving  the senate a chance to vote upon the  measure. I ask the labor men to mark  this, for so far as the representatives  of the people are concerned, and the  toiy senators, the one class stands by  labor, the other stands by the manufacturers. I append a condensed report  of what took place":  "Union Label Not Legalized.  "The  senate  committee  ou  banking  and commerce considorod-the-biil-to legalize the union label.  "Mr. O'Donoghue, one of a committee  of threo appointed by the Dominion*  Trades Congress to press the bill, ad-  diessed the committee with iaspect to  it. He said that it was understood that  the union lnbel had not the force of  a trademark, and that the bill was designed to overcome this. Ho said that  the Ubel would Injuie no 'one, but  would benefit those who u_-ed It. Tlio  legnlliintiou of the label'would ennblo  lnbor unions to negotiate wiitr liinnu-  f.tetuivis to serine fnlr wage.*, niul pio-  v(-nt sweating, and also secure sanitary conditions In the facloiies and  ictisonable hours.  "Tin- label would ensure the best  workmanship and the unions would to  lhelr utmost in go the public to buy  only goods bearing tho label. At present the unions wore using the labels  but they had no legal authority to  prevent their unauthorised use. The  parliament of Britain had passed a  law- legalizing the union label.  "Mr.   Gleeking,  of Toronto, said  that  ���works,   has  been  trldc,   the  evidence one.iOf tlie   strongest   arguments   in  goes to show, that these public worlks favor of the bill was tlie belief that it  ilton, wheie a clothing firm attempted  to use a label, but were prosecuted,  nnd admitting their guilt, made an "arrangement with the union by which  they could U3e the proper label.   ���  "Mr. Ralph Smith, M. P., said the  unions believed that generally beneficial results would follow the legalization of the label.  "Mr. Smith pointed out that the national labor organization fixed5 the  wages and hours for the various crofts  and impressed on the committee that  the desire of the bill was to do away  with strikes and bring about principles  of conciliation.  Senator Ferguson asked If a factory  having one-third non-union labor  would be refused the label if the other  conditions were satisfactory.  "The secretary of the Dominion Cigar  Makers' Association, opposed the bill,  because he said It would destroy the  value of cigar copyrighted trade marks.  K.�� also dealt at some length with what  he evidently considered was union tyranny, referring especially to the present troubles in the cigar trade in Monti c-al. .  "Mr. Russell,'" secretary of the Canadian Manufacturers' association', representing S00 manufacturers, also opposed the bill.  "After considerable discussion 'the  committee threw the bill out, thus pronouncing against legalizing the union  label." '  The Crow's Nest Pass Itailwav.  This bill came up before the railway  committee last week.   Perhaps no bill  was ever more discussed than this, and  everyone not In the secret was expecting 'a long and bitter fight.   It is _ jot  necessary "to go Into the pros and djiis  of the question, for'it was largely a  struggle between two strong corporations.   Mr. Blair sounded the policy of  the government when he frankly stated that he wanted to see that the people got their rights in the fight.     The1  railway committee was crowded to the  doors, many not being able to get in.  Theie was a strong array of the legali  fraternity.   Whether 'on the one' side or  the other these are the men  th_t always win.- There was an'unusual representation of the    cabinet,' and all  we're "wondering "what   was   going ^.o  happen.   When the bill was called Mr.  Slfton rose,' and In a calm persuasive i  manner lead the following, which he,  said was the policy of the government I  on''this important question, and while  he read it you could bear a pin diop:  ''"- The Agreement.  "When the railway committee o�� the  commons met' there was1 a'1 large attendance". Hon. "James' 'Sutherland  presided. The ministers present were  Hon. J. I. Tarte, and Hon.'Clifford Slfton. As soon as the Crow's Nest  Southern Railway bill was called, Mr.  Slfton explained the position of affuirs  at the lost meeting, when the bill was  discussed. The" minister of railways,  who was prevented from being piesent  on account of Illness to-day, promised  on that occasion to take the bill into  consideration and make such prowslon  as "would protect���Canadian���Interests,  on account of this load dossing thS  boundary line.  "It wns  feared that coal -and coke  might be diverted to the United St Ues  In "such, a way ns would dlseriuii late  unfairly   against   Canadian   !nleic3ts.  The question In this connection arose  ns  to  why  this  company    should  be  treated differently fiom other companies.   The reason for so doliu; was that  they were in n different position.   The  revprnment expended over Sn.CO0.000 for  the development of Hint district   ami  ll.erel'oto It was necessary to see thnt  a supply or coitl nnd coke should bo  hud for the development of the mines.  It would be an act of gross negligence,  If by nny act the supply of coal and  cOke should  bo dlveitcd from  the development ot* Caiutdlnn Industries.   One  of the Itleus lo be considered was that  the coal company was not before the  committee,   but  a  railway    oonipiny.  Rome said  that a protecting    clause  should be put In the railway charter.  "The conclusion which  the government arrived at, wns to enter into an  agreement  between  the    government,  the   coal   company  and   the  railway  company, which would protect tb'.  rights of all ipartles. The agreement is  -M follows:  "1. That neither by tho action of the  Coal company In regard to tho prices  til which coal or coke shall bo sold not'  by the action of the Railway company  respecting cost of transportation,  whether by discriminating rebates or  otherwise, nor by the uctlon ot both  such companies either acting by thom-  'clvos alone or in connection with  transportation agencies south of the  International boundary line shall coal  or coke, either or both, be sold for con-  scmptlon outside of Canada or to consumers outside of Canada at prices  which discriminate unfairly against  Lonsumers in Canada.  "2. If at any time upon satisfactory  evidence given to the Governor-Genor-  ui-ln-Council he should bo of opinion  that the spirit of this agreement is being violated then and in every such  cose and when and so often as such  violation occurs, the Governor-Goneral-  In-Councll may Impose upon the coal  company and the railway company  such restrictions and conditions respecting sales and supplies of coal  or cdke and transportation thereof to  or for the use of consumers outside of  Canada for such length of time and"  within such limits as ho may think fit  with a view to'preventing such unfair  discrimination.  "3. The order ln council imposing  such restrictions and conditions shall  be published in the Canada Gazette,  nnd 'If after such publication, the coal  company sells or supplies coal or coke  to the railway company or transports  coal or coke contrary to the terms of  such-order the company so violating  the terms of such order shall pay and  hereby covenants to pay to the government as liquidated damage for such  a breach tho sum 'of $3 for each and  every ton of coal or coke so sold or  supplied or transported, the amount o��  such damages to be recovered by action of the Attorney-General of Canada on behalf'of the government, In  any court of'competent Jurisdiction.  "4.* The reason for requiring the said  companies to enter into this agreement  being thatJn!t'present -It- Is. believed Iby  the government that there Is no effective  and  satisfactory competition  by  other coal and coke producers in Canada, it is agreed that when by order  of the Goivernor-General-ln-Couni'il it  is dictated   'that   by   the   opening of  other coal mines or the manufacture of  coke by others, such effective and satisfactory competition has arisen then  the- agreement shall terminate with respect to coal or"coke on both, according to the nature of such competition.  "Mr. Slfton accepted tho suggestion  that the last clause shall be amended  providing 'that instead'of  the agreement  terminating 'It "should  only  be  suspended  during the  continuance  ot  effective and satisfactory competition.  W.   C.   Edwards   opposed   any   restriction  on  the  coal  company.     He  was'in favor of free trade In'thls'as  in other matters.  "The bill  was passed  without  any  amendment."  M'hen he sat down each member recovered his breath, and each realized  by the wisdom, tact and energy of tho  government a bitter fight had been  averted, and that the Interests of Canada had been amply protected for tho  futuie. All opposition subsided, all beer me calm, foes became friends, and  (ho bill wns passed with such a rapidity, ns It hod been a most unimportant measure, after which there was a  general-hr.nd���s-!i:ucing-ali���round,���and"  ii'any were the compliments bestowed  upon the government for an agreement  v hlch brought Into striking prominence  side.   In listening to such debutes, especially when large and wealthy cities  .1 on the government to do this and  that tor them, one nnturnlly feels inclined to reply, why don't you do these  things for yourselves.   Take Montieul.  where there Is Immense wealth,  why  do not the princely met chants of that  city  put  their  superfluous    money  In  vitch   things  as   will   bring  the   trade  of Cnii-ida to their poi t. Canadians are  "e.-k!n,7 outlets   for   their   money.   Sir  Willii'm Van Ilorne is in Cuba building  i rallioicl.   Why don't those merchant  princes put their money In elevators,  etc., that will by inei easing the trade  if the poit Increase tlielr own we-illh?  We  loan  too  much  upon  the  government,  nnd  that port will  be the port  fnr.t is best equipped, not so much by  the government, but by the men who  have faith ln it.   This lefers to Vancouver as well.   We had a snow storm  here   on   the  2��th.   Some   say   it   was  ciused by the discussion on the transports t'on question. PHIZ.  CHEAP LIBOR.  PROVINCIAL CONTROL ASKED.  A big deputation of cannery men  waited on the provincial government  on Tuesday and asked it to assume  tho control of the fishing industry In  this province, and  to Introduce legis- | Tt" they did, they would say  Intuon to that end. The deputation  thought that $2.50 should be the licence  fee: that tlie canners would make up  the difference between what the $10  licences now realize and whnt the $2.50  fee would produce. If the government  acted thusly, the spokesmen said, the  74 canneries would stand by It. The  proposed bill will be discussed with the  attorney-general.  ��� The following letter explains itself:  Ottawa, April 22, 1901.  W. D. Burdis, Esq.:  Dear Sir,���I beg to acknowledge receipt of memorials piosented to the  provincial government re salmon industry. I have looked carefully over  the said memorials nnd I have not the  Slightest hesitation In saying I will oppose them in every way I can, for the  following reasons:  ''1st. What is said about the Dominion* government .Is _not_J:rue:.,   '',**,  ���2nd. What Is "said against myself���for  I presume that I am the culprit referred to���Is not true.  3rd. Mnriy'of the statements made  lie not true and the canners must have  known that they were not true.  ��� When the tory M. P. brings the matter before the house, I shall haive no  difficulty in proving what an excellent  I  notice that  nt  the Inquiry being  held  rogaidlng the Chinese and Japs,  the  teim  "cheap labor" Is being continually ui-ed.   Why i.s this alien labor  ii often spoken of as "cheap?"   Cheap,  indeed?   Yes, theie Is a tense in which  it is rightly called cheap, but not when  the woid "cheap" Is used In asking the  questions at the commission.   Cheap Is  u-ed In tiv.de and In every day conver-  s itlon to convoy two entiiely different  Iirpiesslons.   If I secure an article of  value far below its true woith or the  erst of production I say "It was cheap."  Then again the word Is often used to  express  the  fact  that   the  price  paid  w.-.s very Insignificant.  "Did  not cost  much."   Now let me say" that no article is cheap, even if I give only five  cents for it, unless I secure real value  lor  the  money  paid  for it.   Some  of  the  witnesses  giving  evidence   before  the commission say  they "must have"  cheap labor"  to enable them to compete with others, or to put it into another way, they must employ low-priced labor to compete with some other  firm  who  employs  such  labor.   They  do not  tell the whole truth,  however.  AVe em  ploy  this  low-priced   labor  to  give  a  laiger   dividend   to   our  principals  or  shareholders   or   possibly,   only    they  musl not sny so, to pay the outrageous  interest  charged  by  the  financial  institute banking the concern.   Is Chinese or Japanese labor cheap?   Does  the  employer secure any bargain by '  the employment or these   men?   Does  the- employer of low-priced foreign labor make or lose by employing such  mc-n?   Just let us see.   The consensus  of opinion expressed by the men employed at the lumber mills was that  two white men would in a day do the  same work as three Japs.   I am of the  orinion  that this is true,  and I have  had large experience.   Say for the sake  of argument that a mill  employs cO  men, the Japs at $1.23 a day, and the    .  whites at $2 a day.   The wages paid to  the 511 men would amount to $73, that  is,  30  Japs  at'$1.25  would' equal  $45,'  *'  ! ,}���  cne! 14 white men at $21J$28n;"but'ndd4a<''^"^V]  tory organization the Vancouver Can-  ners1 association proved itself during  the last eleotlon, and I will have an opportunity of'showing that the contentions ofthe cannery'men are false and  misleading.   Tours very truly, '  GEORGE   R.   MAXWELL.  tho strength.oi' the men who guide the  ('cellules of Canada.  The Transpo"tntlon.  Wo had two days' discussion on our  old filond tlio transportation.   We got  sick of It bofoie this session, and  for  Feme unearthly reason  It  wns  sprung  oa us again.   Somo of the members, as  n lesiilt of this, I hear, took pick nnd  had to tone their slomnclM with Caledonia mineral water.   Of couise nothing was accomplished.   We talk on tlu;  least nbout tlio rivalry between Vancouver und Victoria, but  thnt Is nothing compared  to the rivalry exhibited  dewu   here   between   different   places.  Montreal, Quebec, Halifax and St. John  all want to become the national ports  of   Canada.   The    representatives,   of  course, fiom each plnce tried lo make  Ihe members of parliament believe that  tlieir port was the only port, and called  on the government to build  this and  build that, in order to thoroughly equip  it for the trade of Canada.   Such was  FROM SLOCAN CITY.  According to the papers Ralph Smith,  M." P., 'has been assisting some more  ot our B. C. representatives in Introducing to Sir Wilfrid Laurier-and his  cabinet the 'Kootenay delegation who  are after a bonus for a refinery. We  den't think that this Is just quite the  thing for an independent labor member to do. One of the delegation In  question Is G. O. Buchanan, of the  Kaslo Board of Ttade. Labor men  here know this gentleman and this Institution, and wonder how Mr. Smith  or Mr. Puttee can so far forget their  positions as to be parties Introducing  a delegation for tlie purpose of worst-  ins labor's interests.  ���It-would-nppear-thnt���Mr.���Klrby-and-  XJr. M.icdonnoll are bent on forcing  the miners' union of Rossland to strike.  RLOCANITI..  WORKING CARDS TO GO INTO EFFECT.  At the Inst regular meeting of the  Vancouver Rulldln;. Trades Council,  PiCridcnt Dl-con presided over a full .it-  tendance of delognte*. Credentials were  peiontcd by Messis Mortimer and  MrQ'inrry, ol' tiie Plumbers' unlo'i and  llit* delcgntes took their scats. A. J.  Mortimer was elected secrelnry. vice  Mr. Weeks, resigned. A resolution wa.s  enn led lo the effect that no member  or any union In nlllllntion with the  council would be allowed to work with  Oriental!) nt any trade repicsented in  this body.  On motion lt wns resolved that the  working card system would go Into cf-  loct on June 1st, and that this announcement bo widely circulated  among those connected with the building trades.  to this payment must be the' cost of  the white ;'oversee~ at say $C0 per  month, so thnt the wages paid would  be $1,958 per month. Do away with  Ihe Japs and 2S white men would be  necessary' to do the work, so that the  wages for the'28 whites at $2 per day  would be $1,450 a month, without an  overseer, or a saving of,$502 a month.  In addition to this saving, the work  would'be done in a more satisfactory  manner.     ' .        ' -  Shoddy goods, although low-priced,  are never cheap. You know' that from  every dny experience," and shoddy labor paid at ii price that is posslb'ly in  keeping with the work performed is  never cheap.  There is the other side of the question too often overlooked, namely,'the  fact that a fair wage for a fair day's  work always induces the wage earner  to settle down and become a rntepny-  ing citizen, and in most cases a property owner requiring a house tor himself and his family.  So-called "cheap" labor is the most  expensive labor, and at the same time ,  the most unsatisfactory that can' be  employed b.v any nation desiring to  build Itself up and to sta.bli.sh its industries. SOUTHERN CROSS.  'M  7r  ' m  ��� .  MUST-CLOSE ON SUNDAYS."-  G.  R.  Maxwell,  M.  P.,   left  Ottawa  the  stuff "that  made  some  members | for this city on April 30th.  'I he following I.s a copy of the new  I.iw reciuliing Toronto barber shops, including those In hotels, to close on  Punday:  "No employer shall lequhe. permit,  lor .suffer any emplojeo in any barber  '1-op to work on Sunday, and no proprietor of anv barber "hep shall open  !ilf b.nb"r shop or permit the same to  he opened to the public or carry on  any business or work therein nt nny  fine between the hours of l'J o'clock  Piitiirdny nK'ht and 12 o'clock Sunday  nlRht.  "Any employee or any proprietor of  a bin bor shop who violates the provisions of the preceding section shall  on conviction thereof be liable to a  penalty of not less thnn $20, besides  costs, nnd not moic than $50, besides  rests, nnd in default of payment of the  s-ame-shnll be Imprisoned for a period  of not less than thirty days, and not ���  ii'ore  than six months."  If you want n really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c ryo is it.   Gold '  Seal Liqnor Company, 746 Pender street  P-l  it  i-  ���i-1  ^1  ''!-���  N  M  I'lVf  If  ���Kb  I  IS? I  mi  Pi  ml  i w 1  '?  -ii TIIE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  MAT 4, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  UEO. BARTLEY   Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OP   ORGANISED LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   J12   HOMER   STREET,  VER,   B.   C.  VANCOU-  SUBSCIUPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, C5 cents:  ono year, (LSI.  ENDORSED BY TIIE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL, AND TIIE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATU RDAY  MAY 4, 1901  Tiie provincial government should  make It a condition of any charter  light on each line aided that there  should be u train run each way at  least once a week to and from its rural districts to the cities, making a  kind of di-trict market day. and lix  ihi> pa.-soiiKer rate nt say not more  than 1 1-2 rents a mile. This would  lcllow Ihe ejooil example sol by cunsei-  v.'itive old i.n..hui(|. where parliament  iiisisl.s upon the running ot" a l.irpi  number of trains, called parliamentary  trains. by virtue of their behu;  n special lixed prisxcnger late foi them  c-lablished bv law at a liiill* penny f-  uiiio. IVorknuv men are thus enabled  to live n ltnid dlslunco :" tho cnuuiiy  fioin  Iheir work.  Quite a ciinLr.isi i.s shown lately in  ihe actions ol" Mr. Tallow and Mr. Martin at Victoria. The former has stood  by the principle of govei nnient-ownecl  li'.llioiids, while the latter has .ioined  llie isln-nd brigade, headed by Dunsmuir. to further iilcli fiom an alieady  o.cr-taxed province. It will also bo  observed that Mr. Tallow* stood firm  for a resident supreme court judge at  Vancouver, whilst Mr. Martin, as a.  matter of fact, has been very shifty  regarding same. He i.s a sort of political paradox in Ihese respects.  NOTICE.  To Those in the Biulding Trades:  It has been resolved by tho Vancouver Building Trades Council that the  working card system shall go into effect on June 1st next. Experience has  demonstrated the fact that it Is necessary to bring about a closer amalgamation of the workers for the betterment  of their condition, seeing that the  trades are now being invaded by cheap  Orientals and to a large extent by  other foreigners to the detriment of all  concerned. AVe therefore tender all  those outside the unions a. hearty welcome to become members without further persuasion. It Is a duty all honorable tradesmen owe to themselves  and their craft to be in the union.  A. J. MORTIMER,  See. V. B. T.  C.  Vancouver, May 3, M01.  ed that tiie musicians had formed a  Union of ;,0. Both bands are in the Association.  The trouble of the ship-carpenters at  work at the Wallace ways is on a fair  way to settlement. Union joiners are  employed at the present time.  The bnkcis, postal employees, waiters, Brolheihood of Carpenters and machinists voted In favor of a Lnbor Day  assessment.  Mr. Bioniner was asked to enquire  Into the matter of aliens doing plumb-  ins wink a I New We-.tnilnster.  Secretaries of unions were asked to  send ln their Post Olllce addresses.  Tlie Clerks' Association extend nn in  vital Ion to nil clerks to nn "At Home'  on Tuesday night in O'Hrlen Hull. ���  Tlie Council then udjoutned.  LEI fERS TO TIIE EDITOR.  T&ADES 1JVDJL4B0R OOUJVCIL  President Joseph Dixon occupied the  chair at Friday night's meeting of the  Trades and Labor Council. There was  a good attendance of delegates.  Credentials were presented from J.  Sperring, J. Towell of the Stevedores'  Association; H. MeSorley, A. Gothard.  of the Brotherhood of Painters. They  were on motion accepted and the delegates took their seats.  COMMUNICATIONS  were  received as follows:  From Tt.- G. Trotter, Secretary of the  ���Bricklayers'���Union,-de'lnlng-a-i'scab.'.-  Flled.  From Rev. R. G. MacBeth, re Sunday  observance.    Filed.  From W. L. Mackenzie, Deputy Minister of Labor, acknowledging receipt of  addresses of unions.   Filed.  From J. II. Watson, Secretary Boilermakers' Union, opposing Labor Day  nssessment.    Laid over.  From George C. Seneh, Secretary  Plasterers' Union, submitting subscription list In aid of nn injured brother.  From Thomas F. McGulxnn, Oily  Clork, acknowledging receipt of letter  ro time of meeting of City Council.  Filed.  REPORTS.  Tlie Paillamentury Committee sub-  milled n resolution opposing day sessions of the Clly Licence iiuurd and  also one In favor of Clause 21 re open  windows of hotels and saloons on Sunday.  It was recommended: That Mr. Ralph  Smith, M. P., be telegraphed as follows: "110 Japanese and Chinese naturalisation papers in City awaiting judge.  Stop same if possible."  " Report adopted.  The. Organisation Committee report-  To llie lillinr of Tub Imh:ik.si>i:nt:  WHITE   SLAVERY.  Sir,���The continued story of the salmon lisheiy season of 1000 practically  began tih tar us public Interest und welfare Is concerned with the fishermen's  strike at Steveston uml ended with the  sale in rival In England of the staunch  British  ship  Arclnaniuichan  In  April.  11)01, with .'. full and complete cargo of  B. C. canned salmon in good ordei and  condition.    The siring pulling of certain capitalists between those two periods was veiy active and has given the  public  an  alarming  exhibition  of the  up-lo-d.ite business methods of the av-  er.ise  c-.ii.ltali't.     As   the   Dally  Pro-  \iin_e has :i:   "Tlicre was lliis extenuation   ni.uk'  on   behalf  of   the  rot cully  supposiilcn put  torw.ird  that the pre-  ient method'  were much moro linished  than  i.io'so ol  .".u years ago, when the  'cinly   way   to   make   money   in   these  t'-Misuclioni* v.a1- to sciMtle the ship."  ricull'iiif. a ship is to my mind much  moio humane, it  110112 the less villainous, as the inno.cnl victims are nol put  to clnjj,  weeks and months ol" menial  toi'lure 1111.I po-sible financial und men-  l.il iitin by  tho llendish  ieport of the  total loss of the ship with all hands on  bonid   a   lew   days  after   leaving  the  Fi.i����r lliver.    I'.nefully thought evidence lo deceive and from this shocking  disaster iVii actually happen was all a  pan of  the  successful scheme.    Midnight buigiars are certainly less dan-  gerou.-, in n community as  they have  no liillueiiifc with men 111 high positions  as the average capitalist unfortunately  has. ai 1-. ast for the- present.    AVith a  lew praiseworthy exceptions capitalists  as a rule are 11 band of disloyal traitors to the best Interests of the working people.    They neither lespect our  national laws nor our bona tide working em/ens.     'Pake,  for  instance,  the  naturalization laws.    Were there ever  mure jilnriiig  frauds brought to light  by official inquiry?   Likewise the Canadian   fishery  regulations.       The  day  dream of tlio capitalist seems to be to  reduce Ihe working people down to a  stiaight diet of rice, wear one style of  garment, sport a pigtail and accept any  wages offered.    Is it any wonder that  the  fishermen  struck last season and  another strike is predicted this season?  The best way to prevent a strike'is to  remove  tlie  cause of the trouble and  pay a fair price for fish, accoidlng to  the run.   Abolish all this Jap boss business and boss houses where 50 or moro  men  may 'all be working for the Jap  boss on 10 or 15 licenses.     Let every  Ja.p hold his own license and hustle for  himself the same as a white fisherman.  To have nt least 75 per cent, of white  lnbor  in  the canneries would have  a  quieting eifect on outraged white labor.  Any Canadian industry that cannot be  .successfully managed without Mongolian labor should be closed down, as it  only will exhaust    the    profitable resources ot the country and have no dir  ect or indirect benefit to the people, but  continue  to add    to the  storekeeper's  black list of white citizens.    Give the  black listed people a chance to work at  some  profitable  employment and  the  black list will soon disappear.    Her'e,  Mr. Editor, if you will admit them, are  il  few  lines  of spring peotry on  the  Steveston strike not at all for its beauty, nor will it do justice to the heroic  fishermen  who volunteered  to rid the  river of scabs and bogus-made citizens  and  capitalist-made semi-slave fislier-  men:  CURRENT OPiNION���ALL SORTS.  The Allen Law.  What has become of Canada's alien  law? A short time ago It was very active. A few men who were contracted  tor In Spokane and brought to Itoss-  land to work upon a railroad were deported upon it being proved that they  were hired ncross the line, but the  real culprit, the contractor, nsalnst  whom, unci nil others who commit a  like deed, the law places a flue of  $1,000, I.s permitted to go scot free, the  line not being enforced.���Rosslnn-.l Industrial World.  Belong to the People.  One   thing   that   must   not  be   lost  "Ight of Is thnt public franchises nre  for the public, not for the capitalists  with 11 pull.���Montreal Herald.  The Lion and the Lnmb.  When the lion and the lamb He down  together lt Is a sure thing that there  is wool In the lion's teeth nnd trouble  for the lnmb i.s not far distant. Joe  Martin's leap Into the government corral Is spreading dismay amongst the  followers of Dunsmulr, nnd n stamped;  out of the government corral may be  looked for. The strong men of the government party nre leaving it and liie  ship of state that has been blundering  amongst the shoals for some timo appears to be now fairly up against the  1 ot-ks.���Silvertonian.  A Bogey. <_  In Ontario we regard direct taxation  ns an awful spectre. In Great Britain  Indirect taxation is the bogey.���Toronto  Star.  Jarred.  Joe Martin, Dunsmuir and the C. P.  I!.!'! Jar us? Why, It has jancd the  .'. bole province. II has utterly shattered the confidence of the government's  strongest supporters. It lias justified  the epithets or Martin's bitterest enemies-. Talk about' political consistency  ���political faith���political honor!���Saturday Posl. Victoria.  Won't  Be  Rlowod.  ln answer to several inquiries and  communications II seems necessary, to  point out that Mr. Hawthornthwnlto  represents Nanaimo City, not North  N'nnalmo. in the Legislature. II will  be 'no mere zephyr that will blow tho  stalwart labor representative from tho  path of political rectitude.���Victoria  Times.  If There is Any Money in It.  Will the Vancouver Province continue to look upon the works .of the  government and declare them good  now- that it has discovered the Terminal City is to be sidetracked?���Nanaimo  Herald.  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into' the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. Tho  past year has been a busy ono  for us; this year we want to  excel oven our past efforts, to  make this store tho headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make i{ so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as wo advertise.  11 BIS  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.'  /4o     !*�����      B   B \_jr��uri-sja  WIlOI.KSALi: AND ltKTAII, DKAI-EU IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St. 'Tiionk 442  ' m��*ts-  _$���*��>- fttotus d^vnJlisrUL  ^P  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725 Hastings St.      Union Labor Only  Hassey-Harris aud Stearns  AIL STYLES  BSCYCLES ALL PRICES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St.  Thu best place ln II. C. to linvo your  Blcyclo repaired.  NOTICE.  Wc nre oenln offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to tho student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the HlRh School at the coming exam.  Inntion with the highest marks ln Read-  ins. Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions npply to the Principals  of the Schools or tho undersigned.  'Flic ll.ii.A. Yogcl Ciiiiiiiicrciiil College  I\   O.   Box  S47. Vancouver,  B.   C  EGOS f Of* SALE  for Setting, $ 1.50 for 13  , BLACK EANGSHANS  Stock took Flrat Prize at 1900 Poultry  -  Show at Vancouver.  Brockion Point  Lighthouse.  W. D. Jones  The best Cough Cure is  "BIG 4"  have you tried it?  Hotels.  o  o  UNION B.-VKEItTES  XV. D. Muir, Mount Pleasant.  IW. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal Bakery, Westminster avenue.  F. Adams, Scotch .Bakery, Hastings  street.  XV. D. Kent, 5ti Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street.  ���ZUInchen Co., Granville street.  Barnwell Bros., Granville street.  'Largen & Tupper, Granville street,  46 C��RBI��VA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspenses,  also a first class Tailoring Department, where  only luion  Labor is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  TELEPHONE 702.  1C0 CORDOVA STREET.  All power to the men who took part in  the strike,  All glorious the cause for which they  did  light.  A fair price for salmon they sought to  obtain.  And control of the river with Canadians  lemain.  Try a bottle of Kiscn Port, tlie sunshine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co.,�� 74(i Pender street.  The rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a word, but no ad. will be In-  serted tor less than 26 cents.  Tho  have  no  loyalty  to  cannerymen  spare.  Therein!,  for cheap labor they Hunt  everywhere.  Japan nnd China they cannot exhaust,  Thocp Moiisoli.ins  will   work  at  very  small cost.  If n sirike Mioulrl occur :hls year,  nnd the sumo principles be Involved as  last season. 1 believe It to be the duty  nf o.ery Rood nnd true subject of King  E'lu-nifl VII lo see I lie strikers gel. fit  lea'.t nunc squniv nienls n day nnd  l.nion tnbiu'co lo .smoke, which lasts.  In view of Inst yuiir's experience, what  Is to pi-ovcnt nny united nHsm'inllon of  cul-ilii'uiit M'lieniPi's who nuiy lmve two  or more c\.��lly IiiiIiioituiI lnnglstrntes  In tlielr y-.-y. nnd n notary public or  two n.s well, llooillne lliis country with  Mnupnlliin boxers, make bogus Uritlsli  subjects of tlieni before Ihey know they  nre on Hi limit soil, give tliem a penult  Lo cirry lire linns, nnd the mine mng-  IftiMles I'.'ive power to oil out and  dlf-Krnee our (''.miuHim mllltli to nriln-  luln this lioide in any position such as  capitalist!, may wish to place (hem In.  T( is said that one corporation own the  I sin ml .".nil another own the .Mainland,  and tli" press and the people aie afraid  to open their lips. Are we not fast  getting down to the position of white  slaves?  ONE OF THE PEOPLE.  Steveston, May 2, 1901.  The Stiimlnrd Canadian Pianos  THE GERARD HE��,  IHE BELL, THE NEWGOMBE  Tlie Standard English Instruments  THE BR0ADW00D. THE BRIUD,  THE COLLARD 5 GOLLARD.  All the above at  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  540 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.   = AH-.Mu.IchI Supplies   ��������  CE CREAM  ...IN QUANTITY  AVe deliver Ice Cream to any part of  the city carefully packed in "ice. It  will keep in excellent condition for  hours. Large orders should bo given  us the clay before and we will quote  special rates on same. Any quantity  from a quart for the homc'up to gallons for Picnics, Excursons, &c, will  have our best attention.  Washing by the  , MAKES A SPKCIALTY OK . .  Dews special liqueur, also ��� ���  usJiers Block Ladei Liaueur vsmisKy  -I.ARGK STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  E. B. Mulligan tt Co., Props.  UORNKK COIUIOVA AND C.VI1RALL.  Cordova St. West.  Iloiuiquurters for the engineering trade  d     in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���=s>=*-  Liquors and Cigars  -   First-clnsh rooms (torn 50 cents up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP,  The"  Seymour Streeet,  Baker and  Confectioner,  -IK! Hustings Street.  J. OBEN  Telephone S67.  I :   GEO. HAY   : |  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes     Jtk  Reuovntor, ninkcs a cult new.      ^^  X Dyeing and Repairing. ���  210 Cambie St., Vancouver. a  ...Pound...  BLUE MONDAY hns lost its terrors to  those who have availed themselves  of our new system of charging for  our family washing by the Pound. They  have simply given up doing family washing. You would do the same if you once  realized the saving in time, labor, temper,- money, and nil tho other vexatious  detail that have rightfully given "Blue  Monday" its name.  Full particulars from tho drivers, over  the 'Phone or by calling at tho Laundry,  PIONEER  Steam Laundry  D. M. STEWART, Pnop.  Pi-oxe 340.      910 to 914 Richards St.  ir m i  512 Westminster Avenue.  BOOKS, STATIONERY  .     AND FANCY GOODS  SCHOOL BOOKS AND '  SCHOOL SUPPLIES  Magazine Kxehnngc in connection.  Best  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea niul Coffee I'ots  Tea Kelllof in all Ki/.os  (.Vickie I'liiio!)  Thoo goods will laut a life lime.  Xo scouring lo keep clean  sjjAlways look bright  R G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and llousefurnishings,  406 and  408  Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  ��AYOY   THEATRE  Sau Nksiutt Manager.  Beginning May 6th  ARNELDO  Marvelous Equilibrist  FLORENCE D'ESPIA  Operatic Soprano  Reappearance of  ADA  YOUNG  Commedienne  Together  with  our  monster company  of Vaudeville Stars-  I'fl  1  THE INDEPENDENT  81.25 a Year.  Sm222_?)2���322S2282222222922233290��900333303^^  Cg3aoocoo_o3303oaatjoooooococ3__a_3a_oaj��ojoo30oa6o_535u335oa3b3303a_o-3jooacocop5��  oo  VERY STRANGE.  VERY TRUE.  An Bradian, Chnsteraed in South Africa,  8S  uo  aa  CO  no  on  as  03  OO  OO  00  oo  oo  OJ  n_>  o-j  on  o_  oei  oo  ro  0_3  OR  in  oo  ca  oo  no  on  o_  CO  QO  OO  oo  ftO  na  on  oo  ��S��3g8����g����gS3��g3��������g3iSgSS����g3SSSSS33��ggS��SSaSlg3S8gSi.8Sgg��g��3!  An elegant .Indian was addeil to bur family of Package Teas the other day.  $9   is tbe name of tbi-s  beautiful lea ....  Guaranteed a Pure Indian.    Packed   in tho  Gardens and shipped direct hero.  Tbe great demand to-day is for a pure Indian Tea that can be sold at a  reasonable prico.   We feel we are now in a [josition to su|j[)_y this demand.  "&__A&B" has four strong points���Fragrance, Flavor, Purity, St  and one more���run phick is iugiit.    Only 25 cents per pound.  rength;  The City Grocery Company,  o3  ou  no  ISO  oo  on  oo  an  un  DO  on  oa  oo  oo  on  on  oa  oo  oa  oo  CO  no  oo  en  ��  CO  CO  oo  ����J  no  oa  no  oo  na  The Wonderful Cheap Oroccra,  WCSTHINSTER AVINtt.  ���*,",*. '���'."- -': "A"��SrabrF-?���  "J*"' "lill'J JU.AJ  *���!*" *miu "I. -UM1UQSW  ���m-w-ncT'.n "I-.  Vl'*i   II       in���*!-.  .__..__-.,-���._'._-_____--  "���j'-.t*.   ." * '    ."'".''   ���,*''.-'��� >^,.."   .        '��'��� .    .',. ,' I  SATURDAY  MAY 4, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  :M_rsr_all, P..O. Box 159; financial secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  .C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee���  .Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  in each month, at 7.30 p. m., ln Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  ASSOCIATIONS.  ta"  TEXADA MINERS' UNION, No. 113, W.  F. iM., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  ln Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  R. Ailkim; vice-president, C. A. Melvlllo;  -sccretnry, A, Ilapor, Van Anda, B. Ci  Measurer, H. V. Price; conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklntcr.  .CCOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Locnl No. 2S. President. Clnis.  .Over; -\lcc-preslclent. XV. XV. Nelson; recording secretary. Jai. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at 8.30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  'VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 22li meet the last Sunday ln each  ���month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Ciiuiphell; vice-president, Ciuoree W'llliy;  .Becretnry, S. J. Gothnrd, P. 0. box C6;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergcaiit-ut.urms.  .Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  Ii. WnodTuir, S. lt. Itobb, J. H. Browne.  N. Willlnms; delogates to Trades and  tLabor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  H.   Hroivuc.  STREET   RAILWAY MEN'S   UNION-  STeets second and fourth Wednesday   of  -each month, In Sutherland Hall,  corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  .at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president,  C.  Bennett;  secrotary,     A.     G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vandcrwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Mai shall;  sentinel,   F.   C.   O'Brien;   delegates      to  'Trades nnd Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Burton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J.  Howes.  ���UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF    CAR-  TENTERS nnd Joiners-Meets eveiy sec-  .ond nnd fourth Thursday In Union Hall,  ��� room No   1    President, Wm. F. MeKen-  -zlc,  -1?"    Ninth    avenue;    vice-president.  Hutrh Wilson; recording secrotary, A. 13  ��� Coflln, "'10 Nelson _-tieot; Ilnancial  secretary,  H.  S   Falconer;  treasurer, Geoitfe  Wnlltei; conductor, Jas.  Ferguson; warden. Jos.  Dixon; delegates to T. nnd  L  .council,   Jos.   Dixon,   Robt.   M.icpheison,  II. Wilson.  ���THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday iu each niontli at ,1 p. in. In Union hall, coiner Dmi.u_.ulr and Homer  stieets. J Stoncv, "vke-iiresldcnt: R. J  -Nonry, secret ny, Cedar Cove, P. 0.,-Van-  ,cou\ci. Visiting biethren invited to attend. ,  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2-  Meets Kecond and fourth Wednesday In  .each niontli    in  Union    ILill.   President,  XVm. Beer; con expanding secretai v, E  ���TIrrmiiis, 720 Hamilton    street;   flna'nclal  secretaiy, J. II. McVoty, 1211 Seymour  -stioet.  JOl -P'KN VirCN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERIOA. No. 17S���Meets alternate  'Mondnvs In room 1, Union Hall. Presi-  -dent, F. W'illinn-_s; vice-president, Miss  .Graham; recording secretary. II. O. Burnt!: financial secretary, Tremaino Best;  treasurer, C E. Nellson; bergeant-at-  anns, J. Daoust.  -THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month In Union Hall.   Presi-  .dent, Geo. Hartley; first vice-president.  Geo. Wilby; second v_co-pts_.s!dont. T. II.  -Cross; recording secretary, L. D. T.ivior;  ��� financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician, II. W'lllambon.  VANCOUVER 'FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall, Homer  stieet, overy first and third Saturday ln  each month atS p. m. Ernest Burn, piesi-  *dent; Chas. Durham, secretary, S17 Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS'  INTERNA'L Union of  America, Local, No. 4S; Vancouver, B. C.  President, Jas. Webster;   vice-president,  R F. McDonald; recording secretary,  'Si U-, Bnrnes; corresponding secretary,  F. Raii-ling. MO Granville street, room 10;  ���.financial secretary, C. j. Salter, 113 Towell  street, treasurer, XV. Wood; master-at-  .-arms. F. Moylcs; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C-J. Salter and F. Raw-  *llng.  'BnSr&??S8?<P ��tF PAINTERS   AND  DIjCORAlOllS.    Local  Union   No.   13S.  Meets every Thursday In Labor hall. Preceptor, AV. Davis; president,! W. Pavler-  - vice-president, E. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1739 Eighth avenue. Fnlr-  ��� vlew;   financial secretary,    XV. Halllday,  TElesmero   House;   treasurer,   H.   MoSor-  ���ley; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W  tColc.  ���A��.I;A,.LGAr'1,A'J,,3D   SOCIETY   OF   CAR,  PBNTDRS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  tiranch,  meets every alternate Tuesday,  Jn room   No. 2, La'bor Hall. President, 3.  jDavldj-on; secretary, J. T. Bruce, 528 Har-  ���lls   streot.  <- EHS"     UNION,     NO. ** 357-  Meets the first Tuesday In ench month  ������in Union hall. President, A. Kochel; vlce-  ptesldent, C. Crowder; secretary, G.  -Thomas,   Jr.,   US   Cordova   street   west;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  -flims.  J.  XV.  Brat;   delegates   to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  ��� Kochel.  I haive been realding once more the  boofc of our boyhood���grand old Robinson Crusoe.   Mv readers will remember  how, when he saw the mark of a foot,  and when he saw the savages, how he  prepared    to    protect    himself,     T_oth  against the seen and unseen.   Danger  not only suggests,  but compels  us to  adopt methods of protection.   We find  this principle turning animals as among  men.   The theory of competition, ns we  hnve seen, makes men a fighting nnl-  I m.il.   It  makes  the  Individual  say,  I  am nccnlnst all men, and all men are  against me.   It makes  the   capitalist  say,  Man  is my  prey,  and  money Is  my  object,  and  I  must   take  out  of  hlni nil I can.   I must have full scope.  I must be unhindered In all my efforts  to amass riches.   It is nothing to me  how long my workmen  work.     It Is  nothing to me how they be- housed or  fed. I must compete successfully with  those who nip fighting against me.   We  hnve  seen,   though   very   Imperfectly,  tlie  awful  condition  of  things  which  followed as the lesult of this gospal of  tho factory system.   On the one hand,  Immense 'wealth,   luxury   and   power;  ind on the other, so far as tho workman was concerned, an  awful pit of  misery, squalor, .sutfeilng,  disease and  death.   Men began to ��oe their danger,  and began to devise means for protecting  themselves.   Now,   we  cannot  too  often impress upon oui selves and others that the principle of competition Is  a false one.   The  Individual   is not  a  unit    who   stands   apirt   and distinct  from all others.   The individual" Is not  po-ses^od of all wisdom, by means of  which lie can see wheie his advantage  lies nt all lime*, and the individual Interest Ins never been legaided by the  \vi"est of men as the Mipiemc Interest,  either in the community or In society.  No  man,   that  is  no sane  man,  lives  outride of society, nnd in society men  are not units distinct fiom each other,  but membeii, one of another, and the  principle  of' action   in    the    interests  of  the whole must  contiol   the  Interests of the individual.   The theory of  competition if rani; barbarism, and is  in direct opposition  to all   the  teaching?  of  Him   whom   the  best  of men  regard as the Gi eat Teacher of Humanity. The result of competition thon was  to  divide   the  ranks  of  industry  Into  two hostile camps���th ��� working men in  the   one,   and   the   capitalists   in   the  other���each opposed to the other, and  each seeking to get the advantage of  the other.   The capitalists, or the manufacturing classes, being the dominant  forces in politics, unmercifully prevented  tlie working classes from  forming  combinations oC defence and violence,!  and seciet conspiracy became conspicuous.   As one puts it, friendly societies  were utilised for trade purposes, secret  unions  with  arbitrary rules  and iron  discipline  were formed,   the 'solidarity  of the working classes was maintained  by an  active,   Illegal    correspondence.  By the other side the law was enforced with the utmost savagery, to which  the   workers   replied   by   rioting  and  "machinery smashing."   The most .successful of the rioters were the Luddites  a;id Ca.pt. Swing, and so great was the  terror which they created that six laws  In one yenr was passed against them.  That was in 1E19.   The awful condition  of tho country, which was really a civil  " TES, ^E,*&^��_y5RKS' INTERNATIONAL 'PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  <S.?ct,s.ln O'Brien's Hall,     the first and  third  Tuesdays of each month.     T.  A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  ;2,022   Westminster  Avenue.  Hero is a typical advertisement that  appears In several of our great magazines:  ..   "The _  Card System Is  simple.   So simple that a gird at $1 a  -week can take care of iecords and accounts  that,  with  books,  demand  an  . expensive man."  There is food for thought in tlint.   It  ��� _s nn advertisement; but il happens to  toll the truth, nevertheless. And yet  there aie young men wondering why  It Is that Ihey Iind It harder than tlieir  fathom did to find employment at  wages thnt will onnblo them to support n homo decently.  llie Mint  Is    tlio   new    s'llniiii   nt   the   comer  , of Curi'itll  ami   llii-.tiu^i stivrts.   C.f-i:  itoud.i tiro tin.' U">l, niul   tln> pricvi. O. lv.  (scuttle.lininier Iji'it, fi cunts..  Prink Ceil Crns-. Iti-er, (lie liwr tlml'.  pliro, Tiii' pint-1, "f I..">0 >lnz. i|Uiirt.M. (joltl  cSdil l.iijuor Co., "hi IVinlor i-treet.  (.loltl .Seal Ciui.'iilinti l.vo i.= SiMurnniV  . Gram! Old Kye.   Only, 'jOe bottle, tlolil  Soul Liquor Company*.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling appetite and  concct any kind of stomach trouble.  60 e. box.   McDowell, Atkins, Watson  -Co.  war, and the persecutions of the capitalists drew  the 'radical party In English politics to the side of the working  classes.   Under the nominal leadership  of Joseph Hume���for the real leader we  are told was Francis Place, the radical  tailor of Charing Cioss���a demand was  made   for   the   repeal   of   what was  'know ii as the combination laws.   These  laws were passed In 1790-lSiM, and the  purport of them was that all concerted  action on the Part of workers was declared illegal.   Under these laws working men weie ipiohlbited from combln-  __n____to .obtain nn_advanee_in_w__ges, on  a reduction in hours or for control over  the management of industry.   How do  the good old  times strike my reader.  Our   times   may/ be  bad enough,  but  how better are both our laws and our  conditions than thev were In the days  of our fathers.     We ought to realise  lhat the world hns boon moving, and  moving In our favor.   So effective was  the  campaign  Inaugurated  by Hume,  Place and  the radical party,   that In  1S2I theso obnoxious nnd tyrnnical laws  weie lepeniecl.   This was a gre.iL \lv-  loiy  for  llie  working classes,  considering ihe forces mighty and poucil'iil  tint weie niiaved against iliein.   Tlie  undo union movement now became not  only popular, but Us spread was rapid.   Unfortunately strikes wero nuniet-  ous, and as a icsult In 1S_K n new law  was   passed,   re-establishing  the   common lnw   doctilnc   against   combinations, but legalised collective action to  regulate hours or wages, or to  withhold labor. This was tlie "magna cliar-  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  neve." falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives Instant relief-  guaranteed, your money back. 26c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  close of this year a terrible depression  passed over the land, caused by inflation,   followed   by   the   usual   panic.  Thousands were thrown out of employment, wages were reduced, and the labor unions built up at such a cost went  to pieces.   This was a sad blow to all  the friends of labor.   The laborer himself became sullen.   He became dissatisfied with everything, and almost leapt  Into the arms of despair.   At this stage  a new man appears, who exercised n  wonderful Influence   over    the   labor  movement,   an   Influence  that  Is   still  marked nnd felt, and  thnt man  was  Robert  Owen.   The  workingman  wns  out of sympathy with the old lenders,  out of sympathy with unions, and he  was ready  to listen  to the new man  with the new teaching.   He   had his  part to piny, his work to do, and he did  't,. for, although we may not agree with  him, we must believe that he wns one  of the men  raised  up by Providence  to help nnd benefit the laboring classes.  Owen denounced the theory of competition.   He denied and denied successfully   that   the   individual   possessed  oil economic knowledge, and all political  wisdom,    and    was    capable   of  llways choosing aright.   He was the  first   great  preacher against   what   is  now    retarded    by    thousands   as an  obaminablc theory, and he taught that  man was largely made by his environment, and tint in order to Imoiove him  his outward   elicumstanees   must     be  changed.   lie laid the responsibility of  loing this upon   the  government and  upon all employers of labor.   The power of this man 'lay, to a great extent,  in   tlie  fact   that   he was  one  of  tho  manufacturers of the land   and one of  a diss which had persecuted and de-  Traded   the   veiy  class   he   wanted   to  imomvo.   Before he taught he had put  ���'is theor'es Into practice.   Ue hnd tried  them   before  lie   pteached   them.      He  declared thai pro'it upon cost price was  the cause of all "octal misery! and that  until it was abolished It was impossible  to icform elm-actor.   He tausht also a  now system of society. Voluntary communities woie tn be formed, numbering  fiom TOO to ?.0f*0 Individuals, and  the  pioduce of their libor was to be divided, nccou'ing to the needs of the members.   This failed, because he could not  get  monetary backing.   He  tinned   to  the trade unions, and utilised them for  the purpose of carrying out his plans.  Each trade was to be carried on hy its  union oiganlscd into lodges of convenient size, the several trades exchanging their products on a labor basis, the  unit  being  sixpence   for  one  hour of  average labor. His favorite dictum was  Ihe "mine for the miner and the factory for the operative."   He was surrounded by a band of forceful writers,  all socialists, who were in turn helped  by Cobbett's    Invectives    against    the  rich.   These writers adopted the theory  of Ricardo,  namely,  that   labor   was  the sole source of rvalue, and that consequently  the  laborers    had  the sole  'light   to   the   produce   of   their  labor.  For   a   quarter   of   a   century   duo   to  these talented men' the labor movement  was revolutionary and socialistic In its  tendencies.   The   new   movement   was  attended with remarkable success.  Cooperative stores sprang up everywhere,  and   an   abundance    ot  tracts,   news-  oapers and   lecturers fanned the flame  of   enthusiasm.   In   five    years  seven  national   co-operative  congresses,  and  In eleven years fourteen socialistic congresses were held.   In a few months,  says  Mr. Webb, half a million members Joined  the  Grand National Consolidated Trades Unions. In their unions  they  had   oaths,   ceremonies,    largely  boriowed  from the Free Masons, and  between one thing and another the .tyrant  employers   took  alaim    and  demanded   repression.   The    government  enme out (latfooted against the Owen-  ites, or tlie socialists, and seven Dorchester   laborers    were   sentenced  to  seven   years   penal   servitude   on   tlie  'ilmsy^protext-of-haivlng-ndmlnisteied  illegal oaths.   The right   to   combine  was really a crime ln the eyes of the  capitalists, and not only that, but no  man  could  receive  employment  from  them unless he signed a paper 1 enouncing  trades unionism.   With the whole  strength   of   the  government and   tho  capitalistic class arrayed against them.  It Is no wonder thnt we hnve to chronicle the destinctlon of all Owen's plans  ."lid schemes.   Owen and others plunged Into theological controversy, \vl_ll��i  ���niiiv nl the most indent spirits Joined  the Chnrtlst movement.     Tho   aim of  (he Ch:n MM movement wns to gain political   control   through   mitnhnoil   .suf-  t'r.ige. and thus woik out the sulfation  of   the   inilu'lrlnl   poor.      t'nilylc   did  good service lu this work.   The struggle continued, however, with great bitterness on both sides, repression being  always  followed  by violence, until at  last Chartism was doomed to seeming  failure.   Now appear what are called  tlie Humanitarians.   Through their In-  of the labor   movement.   At the|.luence the'state interfered with  the  regulation of the factory so as to promote health and  morals.   As the result of further agitation on their part,  the government again and again Interfered by limiting the hours of labor,  by fixing the time when labor should  begin and  end,  by protecting women  and children, thus estallshlng the principle that the state has a right to interfere ln Industry.   This period, which  brings us to ltto. hns many, many sad  features.   Even a bare outline of the  history of these days reveal a condifion  of things which, while deeply Inspiring  sympathy with the sufferings of our Industrial brethren, should make us truly  thankful for the benefits and privileges  which are ours  to-day.   They fought  and    suffered    like   heroes.     Neither  should   we   forget   men   like   Owen,  Hume, Place, Thompson. Gray, Hodgs-  kln, Bray, Cnrlyle, Lord Ashley, Fiel-  den and many others, who all In their  own way helped and brought about the  emancipation  of the working classes.  The   worlter   should   have   no   narrow  views about those whom he should call  his friends, for these were found, are  found,  and  will  ever be found  in  all  ranks and conditions of men.   His political platform should bo broad enough  to  hold  all  who are  willing to help,  for ns in the past so now, the foes are  many and their Influence is strong, and  he needs the help of all to keep legislation moving forwaid.   No good man  lives in vain.   Owen's life and teaching  weie not In vain.   The Chartist movement was not in vain.   Their failures  were not in vain.   Whatever of truth,  of Justice, or right'was m them live  to-day. and in everything wtested from  the oppressor and enjoyed to-dny, we  cm trace the heart's blood of the very  men whom the world ells failures.  PHIZ.  'PHONE 179.  J. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents ron  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands  -MOXOGEAM, MAHGUEEITA, BOUQUET  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER  HOT TIMES COMING.  The next generation is likely to see  the truest idea, which is the ending of  competition In business and the corresponding concentration of pioductlve  energy and resources, become the storm  centre of some very moving and vastly  important campaigns iii this country.  It requires no active or flighty imagination to foresee all soils of stirring  possibilities in public affairs, growing  out of the stunning expansion of the  tiu^t system. Those who may fancy  that the new century is going to be a  time of political and social quiet and  peace are in the way of thrilling sur-  piises. The conditions were never moie  favoiable for momentous collisions of  various kinds between the House of  Have and the House of Want. And  that is the oldest strife of human history.���Cleveland Citizen.  Corner Aleznndcr Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  HE BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' MM STAMP  is used by THE J, 0. KING C����� Limited, upon all  their manufacture of Boots and Shoes.   No strikes, cessation  of work or labor difficulties promote the highest possible production of perfect workmanship.   In Jhus consulting the interests  of the consumer we urge that you  CO.'S  I SHOES  GreenSees Brothers  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver.   Is  your barter on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon   Ton    barber   shop,    Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvie & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's    Barber    Shop,    Cordova  street.  The Whlttier Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street. '   ,  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeyUaiidit)���  Onanvllle street, under Trorey's.  J. H. Stevens, Mount Pleasant.  J.   K.  Telephone   8g<j.  Are now asked for in Preference  to anij other brand.  MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Arcade   Vaults,   Callable   Street.  Ti Hi IfflVH!  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  'A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  JIorgarirThe~TaiIor7~Granville_street7  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  Clubb & Stewart. Cordova street.  XV. Murphy, Cordova street.  MdRae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.'  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  E. Pan-on, Hastings street.  A. Clement,  Hn-sUngs streot.  J. Carrelil, Cordova streot.  Simon & Co., Cordova street.  From Their Nannimo.Soiithilcld and  Protection Island Collieries,  Steam, <Cas  and  House Coal  Oi the Following Grndes:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mine,  Wnnhed Nut and  Screen! rift a.  SAMUEL Jt. R0BISS, Superintendent.  -VAN'S, COLEMAN * EVANS, Agon's,  Vancouver City, li. C.  The Independent wants a report of  each union meeting and nems concerning ithe members of every organization,  Such reports and news will do much to  sustain ami create intercut in the or-  giinizatlon.-". Socictai-lcn are especially  urg^d to Heivl In tho/v! rcpows, bmt  news from any member of an organization win be received with pleasure.  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. They cure  or you get your money baok. Gttc box.  McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Convalescents moil Kiscn Port���"the  builder up of the wiuk"���oOo bottle  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 7hi Pomler strait  x nnd V  $00  PACIFIC  LINE'    *  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points In Canada and the United States.'  THE FASTE8T AND BEST EQUIPPED TEAK  CKOS3ING THE CONTINENT. ,  SAILINGS FOR JArAN AND CHINA.  hmprebs of Cliina Jfav6th  Empress of India  May"7___  Emprebsof Jnpiin Junel7th. ^  mnl e\ cry lour lvccks thercalter.    "       . "'  SAILING Foil HONOLULU ANH AVSTItALIA.  'V*"'"-' Mnv3rd,.  J��,,lm  MnySlst  Mlnwera        ���----��� ���  mnl every four weeks thereafter.'  .June 2tSth.  For further particulars at, to time rates etc..  apply to '  JAMES SCLATEK,  Ticket Agent,  US Hustings St.,  ' Vancouver, D. O  pi'iy  J. COYLE,  A. 0. I>. A.  Vancouver, II. C.  "When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Blue Eibbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by whito men���aro you drinking it ?  .toil'/  A BEVERAGE  \.lili'li pleii'-os a majority of tho-.i wlio  nro fouil of a good gins:, uf l���>ci-, is our  spot lull) bre��ed lloliemlnii |iL.|-r. Cu re-  full) prop.ireil from selected materials,  il Is im\ hotcooxpo drink and contains no  harmful ingredients; indeed II Is lih-h.  1) recommended in, a spring tome.  Doering&IVflarstrand  TELEPHONE 429  -AT-  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  ��� ii  il  -       s\f  3,*1  ���*:  M  .���us  ��� _i"l  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Why do you cough when "BIG 4  COUGH GURE " will cure you.  I  M 1  I  '>'��� t  >*ii i  ��� ���.i  iH  !��  lift  -1  1  0  i-m  ;,,',���;.-.;   - -^  .*! .-9- ' ,,-V,'.<.'-: "   o.  :���:'���'"'.-V  Sin- ^ --a-Arnnt muv,.,  1 .i-.   ' -  .i^-  *   "' *�����_  |V_;'" ' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  ;MAT.4, 1901  GAN1DIA1I ROTES.  Guelph laborers have now a union.  A branch of the International Cigar  Ma'kers has been organized at Quebec.  A   broom-makers',  union   has    been  formed at Kingston. Ont..   Trade good.  At Brunt ford, Out., tlle painters have  organized a union of 30 members. Work  good.  Tho barbers of Plutou, N..S.. have or-  gunls-cil. They will refuse to work on  the Siibbath.  Al Ottawa the .domestic!) have formed  a union. A building'trades couiu'll has  also been established there.  P. Itlng and D. Wilson have been  elected respectively president and secretary of the Halifax Tiades and Labor  Council.  There is not much change in labor  conditions nt Quebec. The demand for  labor in.niost branches of industry continues, good. ���"  The carpenters of'North Sydney, N.  S.,   havo  organized "a  branch', of   the  United  Brotherhood  of  Carpenters of  . America.  The    'longshoremen      of      Midland,  Kingston,  Collingwood  and  Hamilton,  ln    Ontario,    have    established    new  , unions.   Men in demand.?  Mr. Bremner, labor commissioner,  has received instructions, and proceeded to Union to examine into the Wll-  liamette wrecking'' dispute.  The bartenders of London, Ont., are  taking steps to organize the batrenders,  of St. Thomas. The organization Is in  a prosperous condition.���  Signs point to an .early settlement of  the cigar makers'  strike at? Montreal.'  The:, manufacturers  practically  admit  ?t_iat they have been unable to get men  fiom the United States.  -The   Lardeau   Miners'   union   starts  but with 43 members, under the presidency  of  Vincent  Lade.., This   is. the  first' union   formed ? in   the   Lardeau  country,   but   the   chances    are    that  . others wiU follow. .??;  ,        ���?;'  At.- Winnipeg carpenters and stonemasons havebeen engaged on the con-:  -.struction of the "hew C.' P. R. bridge,  but the breaik up of the ice and the  usual .spring rise 'of'-waters-has. compelled: a temporary stoppage of work.;  The chief of police of Toronto, reporting as to.the inspection* of Are escapes,  in:factories, says that about one place  : In four is provided with '.a <-r,e. extinguisher of some sort.;, Generallyspeak-  iiig the; coriditioris? in case of fire . are  'distinctly, unsafe.      ���?"������..:'.-        ?:?,'"���:?  ?'iFifty'���"thousand dollars is?to be spent  ..on water works this 'year.'.in Pictou, N.  g..?. Seventy-Hive   thousand  'dollars, is  ���'������'proposed ������ "to.; be spent -for ? wharf and  . railway :������ accommodation.   The? Copper  ��� Crown Mining Company >vlil also spend  "He, large amount of. money.; ?',:....;  ���������'iiiriie-Miners' union "of Rossland' will  ���&give  a. ball, and  supper ? on  Monday  ".'evening. May 20th, .for .the beheflt [ot,  .'.'Larry?MoKelvey,*,. who.-'jyaa-'seyerely  '������ Injured and rendered ..unable ..to do fur-  ?''ther work by. "an accident; at.the Le  .'Eol'mine on Sept.Slst last.',; ?  ?;:,? The  subsidiary   drainage  system  in  -the- south end of Ottawa is being built  ; by day. labor and the city engineer re-  ���' ports that it is.being'wcll and cheaply  .���'"'done.-- :Last year "the granolithic sidewalks were built, by day labor and the  ? .work was done more, cheaply and better than under contract system.  '-:��� ?���  ,.?i Camp:MoKinney.Union No. 43 has is-  aucd . -notices.'-'warning :all   miners .to.  lteep; away, from the Similkameen country, as. efforts are being made to ;iower  ? the .standard scale of wages.The Niok-'  :?el Plate?mine, owned by.the.Standard  Oil company, has taken the initiative  ���?in this respect. .  The reorganization ofV the    Toronto  -���Trades and Labor Council is In contemplation.   If the new scheme'Is adopted  _.tho.?afflliated_.bodleslw_ill?be_g'rp_up_cdj_n^  sections, 'such as-the Allied Printing  Trades arid the Metal Trades., Council.  Each section will have full authority  bvermatters .pertaining to the trades,'  while the general Interests of labor  will be relegated to the central body  ���to be known as the Toronto District  Council. The question has been referred to the ^various local unions.  PROM HONOLULU.  Advices from Honolulu, H. I., state  that the strike at the Honolulu Iron  Works has taken a new phase. The  company has $10.0,000 worth of contracts, which will be distributed, so It  is alleged, among the machine shops  on the coast and the east. This work  consists of about $75,000 worth of labor, wlilch would otherwise be ."pent  in that city. The Iron works have been  endeavoring to get machinists here,  nnd other places on the Pacific const,  but up to date have been unsuccessful. The strikers are firm In their demands that certain unfair employees  must be discharged. It Is believed that  the men will ultimately win, as a good  light is being put up.  Painters'.Union No. l.have declined  to work more than seven hours on Saturdays for a full day's pay. The bosses  hold thnt tlieir '''concession, of eight  hours for six days is sufficient, and  have sent to the,coast for 20"men.' A  large, majority of the painters of Honolulu are natives, who want seven hours  on Saturdays to enable them to go to  the illsh market earlier in the day. The  bosses say that thoy '.will close down  at 12 "o'clock,...but .will only pay half  a day's, wage's'.' It'is thought that the  painters will be3victorious. -The whitei*  are not so persistent In their demands  as' the natives.  ; IMPORT ALIENS.   . ,  Aliens are being imported to work  i nthe'"Rbssln'nd mines, the. first, contingent ot Austorians having arrived  there last week. Employment Agent  Doyle, of Nelson, Instructed one Cim-  merman, of; Tower, Minn.,? to secure  for him'as. many able-bodied Austrians  as he could to work in the mines of  B. C.,: promising to pay.$3.50 a'day for  machine men, and $2.75 for helpers, aiid  plenty, of work. Tickets were to be  purchased direct to Northport, 'where'  the: whole '"'would beisent to the mines,  where it was promised .that Cimmer-  mm would ; be to keep .^a, boarding  house for them.', It is/stated that there  is ail understanding between Doyle and  One Mooney, a G.?N. Reagent at Du-  luth.' Minn.; as Doyle told; the Austrian's that, he could not''ship any more  than four men atatime. The business  men, as wel las others,: of, the interior  are becoming, alarmed .at. the. prospective wholesale introduction of cheap  foreign labor into' their midst. How  long are. the ? people going to stand  this sort of business?  going  - :  "if1?  -;"/AT ENGLISH/BAY. v?   ������[ ���"'. ���[  Messrs.'Macreadyand 'Spear,' two  entefprisirig arid'-popular,Vancouver-t  ites,: have secured leases of the'Pavil-  lion; and. Beach house at English bay  for tlie purposes of. establishing one of  the finest "summer .resorts in British  Columbia. ��� They have entered into an  agreement with the English Bay Bathing ?krid:Athietic'club?to: let tliem use  pant of* the: payillion during the summer. Quarters for the bathers,' a re.ad-  ing:and;smoking room wiil be attached  for the exclusive use of;. the members.  This new club coriiprlses many leading business? nien 'arid others, and ;.will:  be' a popular ? rendezvous..: The Beach  Housecwill��� be, thoroughly;: oyerhauled  and fitted up for':'the'accommbdajtlbri.of.  ladles, ?and?.childreri^?.^Refreshments  will, be?served iri first-class style? ?;A1.'  Spear is .popular .with the, fair?sex and  so it goes without saying that the place  will be well looked after and no doubt  will- be made most * attractive., ^.W^  hope tiiat??the,? efforts.: of these'������ two  gentlemen ....will'-, be crowned? with every  _.ticcess? :The;?,elub..expects-to���;���' tender  its.members and ,friends a?grand, reception about the middle of this month."  .-: Another meeting of the musicians of  of the'city? was'held Sunday, afternoon  to complete organization." About 451  wer, present, and Indications point that  the Vancouver ��� Musicians' Pi-oteetiive  union will be one of the strongest in  the city.?';Mr.' Watson; .tiie organizer,  on retiring, told about the pleasure he  ???,-.     .'*"."    Tho Mint. .: ;**?* ??���;'��� ��� ���  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. The bottled goods 'aro  nil first-class and tliu" pric'os right for  every one.   Seattle Hninier beer,!, emits.  had ?had?.in being able to . unite this  body, and said that there were 37  unions in this city..and that this was  tlie 27th he had himself organized in  Vancouver. .-.The ! following committee  was appointed to draft rules governing  the union;-Mr. Highfleld, H. W., Ilarpur. J. .Cronshaw.vJ. Taylor,' J. H.  Smith, MivSordet and F. Cope. An invitation Is to' be g|vcn the musicians  of Westminster to unite.  Telephone 1��� 2���ii for n linn  turn-out. ?.T?:,T.���'Sjinrrbw, T'aiiiee  slabk'H. "...-���������  livery  livery  ...Little Prices that Talk LoudJy...  GIiish ISutter nislies......... ,i....... i;.. 15 cenls'widi : V '  ���-"    Cremn .lugs.............,...;;.,...Ill       "���  ������  '���    Table Sets, (I pieces ...60 cents set.  "���"'Syrup ..��)?�� .'  '2b    "   em-li  "    Pickle-JJisliea...; 10    " ��� uiicli :���'  ���"    Water Jugs:......:......:.... 2*.  ."   eaeli     .   '  Imlivulual J.-'ruil-JDislies..................50    ."   doz.  l'nncy Glassware Sets, C tumblers, jug nnd (ray.$l.25set-.  Walk in and Look Around.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE &CQ.  ?.?.,;,::^'',:CniKAHALi,/81i) Hastings Stbeet.   ?     .??,?.;;?: ? ��� ,  Cranks.  Oh the cranks?  Oh ilie busy, noisy cranis.  Cnuiks on wiitcr, cranks on Blr,  Crunks who hunt for deadly genus, ,.  Cranks with notions, everywhere!  Cranks wlio puil religions down,  Cranks who ure building newer creeds;  Cranks wlio ure eranks to win renown,  Cranks who arc doing glorious deeds-  Cranks ll.nt crawl and cranks that soar,  Were ever so ninny crunks before J  Oh tlie cranks!   Oh the never quiet cranks!  Cranks who drivel, cranks who think,  Cranks who tell us wc mustn't out  Crunks who would n>tll tho things we drink!  Cranks on worth uml eraiiks on birth,  Crunks on labor mul cranks on play,  Cranks who am trying to get the earili,  Cranks lylio are giving their money away���  Cranks wllh missions and crunks without,  Clanks III liiyiiuds all about I '.���  Oil tlio cranks!  Oli tho busy lloslon cranks  With their Isms, culls und thliigsl  Wind a bulcli ol crnnky sturt  livery mull from lloston brings!  Crunks on peace und crunks on war,  V  Crunks on luniks and cranks on art!  Cranks who arc pulling together or  Angrily 'curing tilings aimrl!  Crunks who aru founding secls'uml schools���  One useful crank���a thousand foolsl  Oil tie cranks! Oh the howling Kansas crunks,  Always wanting what Is hot-  Always claiming thatlhc Lord  . Might improve this .world a lot!  Crunks wllh socks and crunks without,  Crunks with uxes, crunks who sigh  For the leper put lo rout-  Forced lii work or sturvc nnd die!���  Cranks who follow, cranks who lead,  Crunks to luiigh at���crunks to heed I  Oli the crnnksl   Oh the busy noisy crunks���  .'Crunks wlio don't uud crunks who do���    ,  All, you say thuf I'm ii crank-  Well, men say the sumo of you I        . .  Crunks to oi'dor, cranks to obey,  Cranks to encourage us, cranks to scoff��� :  Kveryiiianatlhe cnd.of the day ,  'Poomed to pull a cranks trousers off���    .  Disuinl cranks too oft, but thanks ��� -  To God for all tho happy cranks,    i  i     ������''..'  ?' Chicago Tlmcs-Hcrald.  MARKET QUOTATIONS..   ?     ���;.!���.'.���  Vancouver,.May'-l, 1301. -  [Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, .344  '������.   Carrall street.] ������."  '���" ���<_"  Flour���   ?' .  Jlnnitolia Hungarian,.suck,  60 lbs.................   f 1 85 :-. @f 135.  Grain��� .--������ ",,  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs.. ?...  Onls, ton::...::..............  Ilran, ton....   Shorts, 1 ton................  ' Feed��� ������      ���  Hay, ton...........v.;....;..;  Sugar���: ? :'  Sugar, Sack....:............. .  yegetables���?;,'.:?;?:  Pot-iocs," 100 lbs.......   Turnips, 100 -. lbs.........;..'.  Onions, lb...........:........  Cabbage, lb.........:...:.... ,  Celery,42 bunchs....;....:...  F��nnvProduce������     ?  Eggs, <loz. fresh..............  Eggs Case, Manltobu. doz.'.  Butter, Crenmery, prints.....  Butter, Creamery, In tubs lb  Butter, Ualry, prints ......:  Butter, Dairy, in tubs,lb....  Cheese,Ontario, lb....:.....  Cheese, Manitoba; lb. old...  Lurd,*lb::'?.:;:::....:.:.:.;..:,  Lard S-lb.' pails:  ?  Lard 5-lb. pails,:.:........:..  Lard 10-lb. pails...........':..  Lard 20-lb pails............"..'  '?Friiit'iv;;?';':'i.::;;?-;  Pears, Evaporated.:..::..'...  Apples, local, box...........  Oregon Apples, Box.:.......  Vernon Apples, box:........  Oranges, doz.. v........'.......  Lemons, doz... ���.:..;.:...  Bananas, doz .................  [Corrected,: by.'i-Wide < Awake? Butcher '���: Shop,  '���������������'-.'CCorner-Hamilton and Georgia Streets. ..  Meats��� j'L.'-'. ?.??'.-??   " ...?'���?:.?������:,,?; #"���  Beef/Boiling, lb .?.......::..v: .: 8?? @ - ?���' "  '��� ���'   Corned, lb:...   ?"  Steaks,lb..........;..  I"  KoastBrlb..���...-....:...  Pork, Roast,- lb.   I "Chops,, lb....   Mutt'oni'Lcgs,lb :���.<;���;....:..  ,/���"': vJ_oln, lb.............  .: " *,' chbps,-lb...........  Suusngcs, lb. .;  Hams," lb:;'..................  Ham; Sliced, lb........:...  Bacon, Sliced, lb   ), "Side,lb.;............  : ������':"���'���  Roll, lb.....:   Veal, lb.........^;..........  t.Fish-.?������-.:., ...-������ J'" ���:*���:::.:?  Hiilibut, lb......:........:.'  Cod, lb........... ..:..  Herring, lb.............;..,?  Salmon, lb.:'   Smoked Fish, lb....;..;....  1 75 .  n  176..  25 00  26 00  22 00  20 00 '  12 00  ��:  14 00 ?  5 CO  500?  1 00  05  ���"' 5  l@;  130,  ���������'.- 5   ���  3  3<4  '-.-. 20  ,30  :::25",  '���' (S>  :    25?  20  .    30  35  ������: 30  35  .20  25  22  .15  ���':., 17 ���-.  15-  ...   ���','���  ���:  15  ?    16  ?*-45?  ,..;?45?  '70  ??70 :  14. ���  : '/ ���'  1 40  2 76;.  it':  2 90 -,  :??10  ;??:i2K  ,76  ,,1 25 *  2 00.  2 20  175  . .1 75���;.  .20  ���:: 30  .10  ?'? 20 '���  ���    25 ���  ..?,' 30  :8?-."  ,���������;��� 10   ���'���  10?:.  : ?   18  10,: '.."������  '18  '���:.': mi  ,,?12^  ���-'',"������18"  ���������'���   15  ���'���'���'-15?  "���':   12K  '.-''���10%  18 ���-.:���;'  .'.���'..'<.  20 .-  20  18 ;?  ���_���'  n>A  :.��S:..':;  :?18  -'���'��� 10 '  10  ���'5  "     15  *.?.'12Ji  ���At.a meeting 'of ?the board of. directors of the B. C. Permanent; Loan and  Savings": Company,'?:held 'ait .the head  office, 321' Cambie street, ^Vancouver,  B. C on ".Thursday,'fther;.2nd yirist.,  eleven loans were, granted, amounting  .to ���$^^2(��.00.'."v;'??:?;?K^^?:;?���-v;:?;?::?:?.'c;"���;  Now, gentlemen, here is the slio|) to  pet your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Ciunbie and Cordova. ? C.Ellis.  --^A.recentcough^or^coId^lliat^iuBlG  4 COIGH CURE "will not cure is not  worth curing.     v   ?r  Telep hone, 651.  Western JGartage Co  ,,  AV. A.McDoxawj ?  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons  for  all   Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  . , Oflico: 311 Cttmbio Strcoi. ���:?  Xew 5-Iloomed Collage, Fifth avenue cast.  Garden und Chicken run. !_.\tra large lot.  Going nt $9.50 for tlie next few days.  P '        Don! Miss This 0|i|)orlunlli|.  jEast End Keal Estate and  ^Insurance Agents, y  442  Westminster Avenue.������  .?  -������Telephone '699  Durable; well-made, all-wool  Working Pants, $ I.?5.  Union Label Overalls���All Siz'es. '���   .  Union Label Hats.  Special-Values' in Boys' and Children's Clothing.!  Boys' Odd Pants, from 35c Up.   ���' <  Boys'Overalls, from 25c Up. ������"���'������'?  &^IV|^thi^|i?'  Clothiers, Hatter* and M?tf��r-  ,/"     Outfitters,     -  ?4 Cordova Street, Vancouver  ."_aSS25i  Carpets, Linoleums, Window-  .shadeiSj'Etc;; try ? ���[.������ /:  -11C-41S Westminster Ave. ;������  Opposite City Hall.  we;,:carry^.'.^';.?;;?.v;  ; the finest line "of-Ga-  ���   horig Bros^, Battger; &  ?,Cp;, Londpnyand Sfeyv-:  ^?art';&Young, Glasgow,.  /���TheLaitest Specialties'���.-,  ?.   in Confectionery--and-;  Chocolatei,?Etc:~Y v? *?  ;?;??;;^;?;'^:;<cAke^|;#;:^.:?;;  of the very?Best quality*,-  35c, 4Qc. and ? 50c ;per lb; ?  m6^reS;?:b^^ry;v  ; '���>:������ - :??;606 .Westminster?Avcnuo..? u ? /', ?.;  ?We^are offeriiigi'Watches'  ' ??at bottom;prices. ??i?;;:  140 CORDOVA SIKEET.  Har^ie??^:||li^pi6n  Marme^aiid fieucral -   -^ ���? *- ''���$  iCoiisiiItiii^ Mi^hanieid;^i^ecrs ^^  520 Cohdova St. W., ViNccDVEB, B.;C...Tel. 76  .-/Patentees anddeslKners of the .Hardie- '??"  "-Thompson water tube boiler,-new high   ?  ���"���'���. speed  reversinp'. engines,'and? special? ??  :?���'-���  machinery in 'light, sections for ��� mines.   ;;,  PBOPELL_:_is.D'^idNE'i>..?EKOiN__3 Indicated and  -;..,:, ���:��� ;:-,...???:;������ Adjusted.;?;;?;??,,; '^'���Xfi'.^yi't  ? Sole agents in B. C? arid N. W. Territories * to r  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co.; Ltd.  Xondon, Eng.;/;-';;?.??.v^s:, ?-".;'.??���:;- -? ??;?���?/;. "���;  THEREIS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  ���th^::'-:.;,'(-v'Fv:\v/.^'v,':''  The price,.,;is: now  such that ^almost ev-'  erybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of    )���<* -V"'.:  Gor, Carrall and Hastings  :<;^:i^'k Streets.'-:!-v?':??*'?.;";?'  I .Want a New ��� WU^7'^^  <$, -    ���   .,���- ..   '              ,    ^.,.-,,,1.,.,, v.. >'y:.:<: ������*.-������-���  4p Come in and let us tell you about ourJ new  *p Easi| Payment Pian.   You'll own a? high-grade;  ^ wheel before you realize it is costing you anything.  f >:;y^y-^y ��� ��� ask?a_s��utjt.l&miy ;��� & ';  ;'V- Bicycle ^ore?^^-  24;;? Cdrdoya;;'&t.v? #���*���  -���''���������?K:'.^t;i;..':i:-i.'-- ???'S0le?^ext;:'::;:;^''?^.;;^';.;'/^:'^.  -iCfcivcilANDHAN^  ?M!ATIj ' ORDBBS  RE CBIVB PROMPT ATOIBNITION.:  *? The name of Packard'is a;.;guarant^^^^  ?VV;and'fit.'ETOdu'd��t.in<siioe''lw^  ?:-?; experiinentj^utv enjoying athe^larg  4 JUnit'-id: States&ae!;W sli_o(^  ,;?'?and'styles?andlare;jthe'ex^  yy:;yy$5.W!i^^  ^:?;lS?HAI^^BEST|?r^^  ���sVl  334 hastinds &t^  Vancouver, B. ���.'���'���  ??li.!,'")' V-l.Vii-l;i!-';,'i-,,-.,i.,-''-f7'-.rs>',  :;??!:'???Eods-:?:Seelsi*?:Eiries^  ;';?Elies,;!A:rtificial*Baits^  "������ oBaskets^ ^adin^;*|^^rsi��;||  -?:Grut?*Hopks^nd|E^  tliem ourselves.aa higli'ns fS-^Sj  Of course voii c-ixii buy better lints���we have them  But just tfiesame tliis.i.2.50 is tho best value woeyer sinv..    ...   ...  : : It is n hat good chough foriuiyone-rd good looking hat���this yeiir's,shaper';"'���:.  blue!- or.hro'vii'*imd wiU'weiir ns weH as any hut you ciin buy.   ?:-; ;? *: ?  ::'kCoiiie \irnhd'"t:ry oii'''nm  Vancouver's Big Clothiers, ,  Nailers -iiul. lens's furnishers,  .04-6 Cordova St.  for. all kinds of  V?The only union shdpiii the;city;  '. Society;Banners ii'specialty..',??,  .....  ���;..  -,.."���;... ^ ;; ��� ���-������������.' ., - ,<    ', ������;���:. ...... I  F2JKHASH*fGS.':STltEET.;.?: ;���;'? ,??;'??.:,??.;,??;  OOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOi  -   : ; M.-I3EATTIE  !: Keal Estate aiid General  :���,?;.;���-��� -^Auctioneer.? *?;?-  Ofllcb iind Sales Room, 10" Cordova  ? Street, Vancouver, B.C. ...'Phone 80-1.  TySi"1,: i l<!A'v^V.-J>?^  ������paf��ggaTm.rvi..uAnjacc,7  tttt-rtt'&h&X&.lV^  HW-

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