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The Independent Jun 2, 1900

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 VOTE FOR DIXON and WILLIAMS, INDEPENDENT LABOR  ! "  ,./  8?  R. G.BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Ulmwwiiri', Fiuay  tioodn, I'luted Ware, Limp  Good". Cutlery und  .- .' '    Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S "'S^v���  Cuffoe ItimMeri- nnd Orlii'K'rs.  To get u iiip (if ili'llrimi.-t nromntlc  I'liffee, il MuniM lie fre-h   t-i)ii..trd mill  ground ui. needed.   Try IMrliMinV llf-ir.  33 Hastings St. East.  Ability. 'I'lii.ne Kil. l'lni-1:.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JUNE 2, 1900.  NO. 10.  TRADES MD LABOR (MM  A  Political  Resolution  of Victoria  Workingmen Disagreed With.  fcovernawpt Commission on Oriental Immigration  ���A Circular (to Japanese Clrcolotod-Can-  ;   dldateMac. Clain Indorsed.  election to the Provincial Legislature,  was endorsed.  Report was mnde as to the progress  being imade by the Independent Labor  candidates, nnd much satisfaction was  expressed ut the gratifying progress.  V, The usual fortnightly meeting of the  mi ... Trades and' Labor Council, held last  '/ evening, wns not so well attended as  J.V usual, and the business was trnniinctod  as rapidly as possible, in order that the  Election Committee might make arrangements for next week.  The Nanaimo Labor Council asked  for a copy ot the petition with regard  to the Asiatic question. The Secretary was requested to comply with the  request. Not only are the working-  men on the Coast taking an active in-  ��� terest in this question, but the people  in the Interior are also becoming alive  to the situation, and the merchants,  ranchers and laboring men of Vernon  are forming !a Labor Defence League  to resist the enoroaohmonts of tho Japanese. ThisDefence League requested  advice with regard to this matter, and  asked for copies of 'by-laws and Antl-  Asliatic Petition! Their request was  granted, and the Organization Committee was instructed to assist the  men of Vernon as much as passible.  The Minister of the Interior, In reply  ���lo. the communication w.lth regard to  Indian Agent Devlin's notion ln connec  tion with the Fishermen's Union, stated  he 'would immediately investigate the  matter.  G. R. Maxwell, 'M.P., in reference to  the request of the Trades Council, that  ���a. Commission be appointed to investigate the extraordinary, number of  Asiatics In this section of the Dominion, wired as follows: "If Government appoints Commission, will it be  satisfactory to delay any legislation  till Commission reports? Wire." The  3'resident and Secretary wired back as  follows: "No; prefer legislation now:  appoint Comlsslon as well." This action was unanimously endorsed by the  Council.  A delegate drew the attention of the  -Council   to   the   following    resolutions  iiassed  In Victoria:  )'j "We,  the  working men   of Victoria,  '( "B. C, in public meeting assembled, do  J iiereby adopt the platform of the pres-  * <nt Government,'_bellevIng.;that'.lt .Is a"  )) _>oIIcy of development,' progress "-and  \ , prosperity -for the Province, benefiting  / alike the merchant, manufacture:*,  ', -trader, farmer, and the general work-  .'('      ing classes.  And we deplore the fact that through  misconception of united laoior interests  ���.'erialn of our most .esteemed labor  lenders .have been led at this Inopportune time to place labor candidates In  nomination, and thus aid to defeat  Llie best legislation for tho masses that  we have ever had In the Province of  Uri'ish Columbia.  And further bo It resolved that we  have every confidence ir. the Hon. Jos-  eult Murtln, as Leader of a strong,  stable-Government, believing that lie  ���will carry out the Government plat-  ���form in Its entirety, check the monopolistic corporations, nnd put a-i em!  to cheap Mongolian labor.  We, therefore hereby pledge ourselves  -o ftupjiort the Government candidates  at the forthcoming elections."  '   After considerable discussion the appended resolutions wore passed:  "Whereas, at a public meeting held  in the City of Victoria on Tuesday  evening last, purporting to be held in  the interest of the cworklngmen ot that  citv; and  Whereas,   a .resolution   was   passed.  m.    condemning  the   action   of    organized  |tjj   Jubor In other parts of the Province for  'jfj -placing   in   nomination   Labor   candi-  ���'    ���dates, supposed    to  aid * In defeating  eood legislation;   and  Wlipreas, such resolution Is mlslead-  I Ins and untrue, and a slander on organized labor outside Victoria; be it  ���"Resolved/that this Trades Council,  ) in meeting assembled, learns with regretthat. some working men In Vle-  loria havenq^rnore regard for the prln-  ���cip1es~6f '.Trades^Unibhlsrn- than" "that"  they condemn the action of other  Trades .Unionists unheard, and further  i r-would ,emphasjze that this meeting Is  " of,opinion ;thatlt would have been better ifor.Victoria City If the working-  men there would wake' up and get ou t  of the ruts of the older parties, and [  , ..*ave ; placed two .Independent Labor  ( candidates in tho.fleld, If It.Is true as  stated that.they have two-thirds of the  voters ;Ih their ranks, which gIVes  j j,"' them no excuse whatever from- taking  \i\ '���' their stand on Independent'lines, as a  i'f safeguard to see , these. glorious plat-  lorms which   experience, should have  I'ii  iV  I  'TWAS JOYFUL N'KWS.  Tlie Intelligence of the occupation of  .lo'lianinxsburg and the assured cuoltu-  lutlon of Pretoria, wit In the a'anost cer-  tin probability of the capture of Kru-  ger,   came   to  the   An-jlo-Saxon   race,  ���.nattered all over this round globe, as  the gladdest news that has been placed  upon the cables and wires ln modern  history.   It means that the strong arm  of Hi'ltiiln has lout nothing ot lis prowess, that It can still strike a blow fierce  and   puissant  for God  and  home and  native hind.    The war baa been essentially one for justice and liberty and  haH  been  waged  with tha,t desperate  courage which <���.!�������� ruetorlzes the proud  race from which we spring.    Kngllsh-  men, Irishmen, Scotchmen, Welshmen,  the men from India and the fair colonies   that   He   beneath    the    Southern  Cross, all bore tlielr part in the bloody  affray and made victory curtain.   And  what shall we say ot our own brave  lads  who  made the  name of Canada  luminous _n the fighting records of the  unities ot the earth?    Tthey covered  themselves with glory end upon their  return  will   receive  the homage  and  gratitude of a thankful people.    Some  lie burled 'ncuth the far African veldt,  but their souls will go marching on to  the musical rhythm of the spheres, und  they will be canonized as glorious heroes and loving soldiers of thut gracious  Lady who more 'than any other person  ���if we except tho Immediate relations  and friends���mourns tlielr death. They  have fallen In the grandest of all causes  and their memory will endure until the  eml  of  time.     Tlie  war may now  bo  considered praotlisilly ended���whatever  guerilla,  warfare may  take placo  will  be of  little   moment���and  the  united  ICmyire has  once  more- deinonstrn tc-d  Its power to hold  wlvat it has and to  face   the  world alone.     Lord Roberts  and General Kitchener and the brave  olilcers and men under them havcHni-  mortalized themselves and their names  nnd   fame  will   go ringing  down   the  centuries to.be forever remembered, n.s  ���bulwarks of the mlghtlestfemplre that  ever   lias  been.     *Ve,   whose lot  has  been,cast In .this vast and resourceful  province where  the  red sands of  the  majestic Pacific ocean !ie glistening in  the sunlight,, having given  freely  of  our  best', to'the 'Imperial  forces,  did  well to celebrate in the loyal and hearty  manner wc did "the supremacy of the  Queen's troops and the winning over  lo the highest and best civilization of  republics that have groaned under the  iron heel of tyranny and Whose government was synonymous with oppression.     The  light   breaks:    misrule   is  ended.  GOD SAVE THE QUEEN.  SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE CAMPAIGN FUND,  Subscription to the campaign fund  will be thankfully received at this office: i  The Independent $10 00  Boilermakers' Union lo 00  H. C. Falconer 10 00  A Friend    8 00  Clio's. Queen    (00  M. Little ;   3 00  J. H. Watson.. .... .. 1    3 00  C. Caldwell   Typographical .Union, No. SHIi.  II. Wilby   2 00  66 00  10 00  VOTK FOR DIXON AND WILLIAMS. INDEPENDENT LABOR  CANDIDATES.  A I*OSTI"ONBMI2MT.  The next chu,tni*!onnlilp game of lit-  crosso will l>c on Saturday, June loth.  One wns to have been hold on tho Mil,  but, unfortunately for the sporting com-  mutiny, that is polling day,.nml It would  not do to huve such a llttk-1 matter iui a  game of lucrosso Interfere with tho election*.  IHOWAIM'I  PROMISliiS.  OF    ANTK-13LECT10N  ifif'i i  ill -taught Victoria working men are only  ���'  circulated'before elections to hoodwink  ��uch people as the "working-men of that  city."      -  Attention was drawn to a circular  which Is being extensively circulated,  and.which reads.as follows:  "Dear   Sir,���Knowing the difficulties  ���employers. In  the Province experience,  at   .times   .in    procuring    satisfactory  ,,-' workers, It Is with pleasure I inform  rife you that I aim-sole agent In Vancou-  '.jf   ver.for  all   kinds  of  skilled   and   un-  skilled   Japanese   labor.     Should   you  ...   now, or at any future time, be ln need  jjjljj of reliable Jajpane.se (as farm hands,  domestic   servants,   or   In   any   other  jJJSj capacity), kindly let me know, and1 I  will despatch same without delay."  The circular was signed by a Japan-  ff.'l   ese-.-   The Secretary was Instructed, to  "Ir-forward a copy of tlie same to George  ,|| 31. Maxwell,'-M. P., and , place   in   the  lia*ids '.of ��� candidates.  The candidature  of Will  MacClaln,  I President of the'Machinists' Union, for  A CLEAN (SWICKP.  We notice our friend, Mr. Jns. Rougier, tlit> well-known dyer and cleaner,  lias his union Jack on high, rejoicing  as others, anil in addition) lie has the  Jack surmounted by n brand-new Ciin-  imIIuii corn-broom. Indlcuitlnig ot course,  a eleaii sweet).  The Imperial Photo Studio has just  received a 'urge line of the latest  photo mounts, and Is prepared to suit  nil customers ' at reasonable prices.  Call and see their new dlsplny of samples. Corner Carrall and Cordova  Streets.  The central committee rooms of the  Independent Labor party are on Hn"l-  ings street, near C, P. It. track.  Tlie eight-hour system has been inaugurated on the police force at  .Memtihis, Tenn.  The recent strike of Italian workmen  on the Croton dam In New York was  for the enforcement of the stitc Jnw  covering employment on public work.  The state law provides that eight  hours shall constitute a day's work,  mid that $1.50 per day shall be paid  for same on al public work.' .Contractors .violated the law, made thu  laborer's work ten hours,* paid them  $1.25, ;an'd the,men struck. The state  militia was immediately ordered out  to .quell the strike, and the leaders'  among the Italians were thrown Into  Jail.  MR. RADPH SMITH.  The    following    tribute  Is from our  Ciiteemed contemporary the World,   of  Tuesday's issue:  "In the <whoIe of this tangled political web uvith which the people of British Columbia are confronted, there is  not a more -i-ainful-circumstance offered for the ".'omsideratlon of the thought-  t!ul elector, than the misunderstanding  between the Premier. a*nd Mr. Kalph  Smith, the President of the Dominion  Trades and Labor Council. It is sad  Inid'eed to see at a, critical time like  this, wheat the people's best champions  should be In cordial agreement, these  tiwo, Innflltely the most talented and  capable of all the leaders, opposed to  one another. In a' general way, the  public knows the caiuses o�� quarrel  bclwocn the two, but there is surely  something deeper operating tol keep  them apart. We venture the assertion with'some confidence that if those  uwo men .were fighting on the same  side ln this contest '.for the people's  rights, .British Columbia would see for  the first time In Its history a "Legislature in which the representatives of  labor would liavc as many seats as  the capitalist and1 other elements that  iif-'UaNy monopolize all the seats there.  They would be Irresistible. It is a  calamity to this province that these  strong men are arrayed, against one  another.  "To find Mr. Smith on friendly terms,  even intimate political terms, with so  notorious an enemy of labor as Mr. F.  Carter-Cotton is an amazing thing to  us. Mr. Cotton's, whole career shows  that he Is'no friend of the workingman,  and we have unquestionable evidence,  not so generaly known, that he Is bitterly opposed to any thing like a labor  representation In the Legislature. We  lira eon'ldent Mr. Smith will discover  his mistake before long, and' regret  the exigency that apparently admitted  of .no other solution than an .understanding with such a man as Mr. Cotton. Hut t'he good1 cause of labor, in  which wc take more than an amateur  Interest, Is not to be permanonty In-  Jifred by,mistakes of this kind. It J.��  going on inevitably; the workingmen'  of the world arc. learning in each generation more and more about the en-  ci-mous power that is- theirs if they  will only unite to use it. Mr. Smith  spoke tentatively last night of a possibility of the laboring men getting into  tlie British Commons. Why, does not  Mr. Smith knew that if the working-  men ot Great Britain cared to unite,  they could fill ��-/ery s��atin that "House  with their chosen representatives, to  the complete exclusion1 of every landlord or capitalist representative In the  country? But of course Mr. Smith  knows that fact perfectly; better than  we do.  ���'But we think Mr. Smith would  search In vain for an Instance In recent  times whore the leaders of the British  workingmen Joined hands with the  avowed nnd convicted enemies of the  cause. What docs Mr. Smith expect  to gain by a community of Interest in  this struggle with Mr. Cotton? Is it  not a dangerous experiment? We  hope It will not result dlsadvantngeous-  ly to tho Labor Party, though It Is  much like playing with fire. Mr.  Smith says that he Is not out with the  intention of killing the Premier, but  of .promoting the direct interest of the  Intelligent labor man of the province.  And yet Mr. Smith Joins hands with  thnt open enemy of the labor man,  Francis L. Carter-Cotton, who Is a  Tory of tho most Inveterate type. We  confess the problem staggers us. The  statement published In the "World to  the effect that Mr. Smith had remarked that ho had effectually annihilated  tho rremler, was reported to us by a  person who swears he heard tlie statement made, aiwl was so close ito the  speaker that there coul not possibly bo nny lttlstnkc. Mr. Smith's' explanation, however, will be accepted  ns a ilet'Iiirntlon of good faith, and as  such we take It.  "The World can assure Mr. Smith  that In hl�� endeavor to promote tin* interests nt (he tollers In this province  he will have the cordial support of this  Journal, but certainly not so long as  he adopts the mthmls which he Is now.  -following,���a ml���which���we���coiislile'.'  only dnngeroiiw but netuitlly 'detrimental to the great cause of labor.  While we admire the ftno gifts .wllh  which Mr. Smith has 1>opiv generously  widowed, acknowledge his force and  eloquence n�� a fpeaker, nml consider  him to be remarkably well fitted to  organize and direct the great division  of the army of labor In this part of  tin. Dominion, -we regret execcedlngly  thai n matter of pique, as It seems tn  us, shonlil have placed him on the opposite side from Jowiph Martin In this  battle ifor the 'people's rights. We  ���presume-Mr. Smith will allow us to  declare that Mr. Martin is fighting  ���as much for the people's rights ns Mr.  Smith Is, both according to their lights.  Our chief regret Is thnt''they are not  lighting together."  MMCIPAL OWNERSHIP.  Interesting Tacts Showing   Its Rapid Growth.  Ogden, Utah, is taking steps toward  a city waterworks plant,  Waterville, Me., Is ngnimg Its way  through the courts to mumepat water  control.  Denver, Colo., has made the first  ���step toward a city-owned street lighting plant.  Houston^ Texas, has accepted a contractor's bid 'to build a $100,000 city  electric light plant.  ' D. L. Peeples, mayor of Navasota,  Texas, has started a movement to oiv  ganine a state municipal league in  Texas to study municipal problems.  Akron, O., voted ten to one for city  ownership of the waterworks, but the  water company found enough red tape  to-make another election necessaiy.  The efforts of Mayor Johnson, of  Jamestown, N. Y., to secure municipal  ownership of the local water plant  have been endorsed by the Municipal  Ownership and Economic league of  that town.  ���The issue of the recent city election  at Phoenix, Ariz., was public ownership of' waterworks, and the eandl-  "dates of the municipal ownership party  were elected in spite of the utmost  efforts of the water company.  ���. The Glens Falls, N. Y., Star, says:  "An excellent illustration ot tne eire-jt  of municipal ownership Is found right  here In Glens Falls. While the rates  are lower than in most places, the  water, system is an excellent Investment for the village."   ���  Rev. C. M. Sheldon has given part  of nhe proceeds of the Christian edition of the Topeka Capital to the city  authorities tor the erection of a municipal hospital and another fund to encourage tho erection of free drinking  fountains in Topeka. He is regarded  as a municipal ownership crank by-  many Topekans���and he is.  'A pamphlet has been 'written by a  young San Francisco lawyer purporting to show that municipal ownership BEWARE  1n Sareta Rosa, Cal.,- the pioneer Pacific PROMISES,  coast city in this movement, has proved an absolute failure. It is ��� being  .freely distributed In all. the Pacific  'toast cities by persons who want to'  head off further municipal reform. The  Santa Rosa Democrat shows that the,  pamphlet was gotten up for this very  purpose'and that, on the contrary,  municipal ownership of the Santa Rosa'  waterworks has proved to be a great  success from the beginning. But that,  is the only way in which the oppon-'  ents of municipal ownership can hope  u> retard the movement.  Beyond the fact that tne circular was  sent from New fork city  theie Is no  clue   whatever  to   its     identity.   Tlili  particular circular  treats of  the  fallacy of the municipal ownership Idea.  The circular also Includes a paragraph  from the fifteenth annual report ot the  Conneotlcut   Bureau  of  Labor  Statistics,  which    remaks    tha't    American  cities have all  they can do to govern  themselves .properly without reaching  out,  and   that  "there  Is no more call  for public control of water, light and  power and   transportation   than   there  is   for   the   furnishing    of   fuel,   food,  wearing apparel and all  the   necessities   and,   Indeed,    comforts    of  life.'  There 'Is said to be a particularly well  organized association of water supply  corporations    in    the    United    States.  chiefly  for   the   purpose  of prevailing  upon   cities  and   villages   not   to  own  their own water supplies.   If the circular   which   The   Post-Standard   has  just   received   was    properly    labeled,  would It have the card of this association of corporations in the left hand  upper corner?"   The Charleston, s. C,  News of the same date as the Post-  Standard  from   which   the above was  clipped   contains   the  article,   hi-adins  and   all.   The   Charleston     eddtor   bit.  but the Syracuse man was too smnrt  to be fooled.  The mayor and council of Mexico,  Mo., are considering the establishment  of a ���city electric plant. Here is an  argument used by the Mexico Intelligencer: "The complete cost ot the  Augusta, Ga., waterworks plant was  $730,000. They have a canal which cost  one million dollars. Tlie gross income  from the waterworks plant In 189S was  $19,705, and the gross Income from the  canal was $32,232.67. The cost of operating both was $13,670.14. Deducting  the operating expenses of the water-  works and the canal from Ihe total receipts from both we find that Augusta  realized a net profit of $89,207.53, or  about 5 1-10 per cent, of the total investment. The per cent, of net profit  would have been quite a good deal  larger had It not been for the fact  that Augusta built a new waterworks  system In addition .to what she .had  already, at a cost of $450,000. She did  this, too, with money saved from income of the past years from her municipal waterworks plant, 'without uny  further .debt."  Two weeks ago Citlz��n and Country  suld: "Organization for in li-pendeni political action ought t" be completed  next fall. Is a Dominion convention nf  representatlves'from all .parts of Canada advisable? If so. when, where and  under what auspices? Can tin- Do-  minion T, and I.. Congivsi l?nd In a  comprehensive scheme for action? No  procedure will be satisfactory that does  not include nil cities, regardless of  station or location, who are dissatisfied with existing conditions and believe the present political parties will  not serve the reforms desired." In  reference to this the Searchlight, Truro, X.S., says: "I5y all .means let us  have a Dominion convention. On sev-  ,ei;al occasions we have .advocated  such a thing. First, let there be provincial conventions at some centra}  point in each province on Labor Day.  At If let the conditions of labor in  each province be discussed and intelligently understood. From- these conventions let delegates be appointed to  a. Dominion convention to meet in Ottawa, say, in November. At all events  do not let the Dominion convention be  lost sight  of."  VOTE FOR DIXON A'ND WILLIAMS. INDEPENDENT LAIJOK  CANDIDATES.  OF    ANTE-ELECTION  VOTK FOR DIXON AND WIL-  LIAMS. INDEPENDENT LAIIOlt  CANDIDATES.  A London cable says: "The Canadian pavilion at Par In Is a miserable  Iwiklng'structure. The Canadian .'.v-  hlblts will not be placed Im position for  nearly a fortnight. The British Com-  mltlee in selecting space tn locate the  pavilion neglected Canndn's liiten'Hts  In not obtaining sufficient space and  n more prominent site, nnd then erect,  lug a proper building. Canada's exhibits are scattered nil over the other  buildings, soini' being In the lmi��'i'lnl  section ' and others In Vlneennos."  Canada should look after herself and  nol to others to do her own business.  Four years ago the town of Atlantic  Highlands, N. J., advertised for bids  I'm* electric street lighting. The lowest bid asked $S0 a year for each 2,000  candle-power'lamp furnished and de-.  inanded a" flve-yeai- contract. The'  town rejected all bids and put up Its  own plant. It was able to have just'  ns good, it not better, lighting for $20.-  .*ii a yenr per lamp instead of $S0, tak-'  Ing account of Interest on bonds and  every other expense. Light is supplied  to private consumers at a low cost,'  and the revenue from this source alone'  will be sufficient to pay the entire cost'  of the plant by the time the bonds expire, .thus giving street lighting absolutely free.  The Chicago Evening Post says:  "When we find Governor Roosevelt'  and tho New York Rapid Transit Commission, a body of able and dis-|  tlngulshcd business men, declaring  Until 'of course' and 'unquestionably'  municipal construction, ownership and  operation ot the underground railways  should be preferred to private control  and management under proper safeguards, the conclusion is unavoidable  tliiut municipal socialism has made  considerable headway in the United  Stales. When we can reflect that in  the late Chicago mayoral campaign the  tepublican-ca"iidIdate,~~the~''spokesnTiin"  of the most solid and conservative element, actually hoped to gain votes by  out-HcroJIng Herod and assuming a  mure extreme position In favor of 'mu-  nlolimllzutlon' than that of the avowed  candidate ot the discontented and revolutionary classes, we cannot galnsay-  ihu assertions of ithose who expect to  see'municipal'socialism the fixed poi-;  ley In a short time." ;  When some one advocates municipal  mvnershlp, the agent and attorneys for  the corporations begin Id weep at the  great debt that It will create on the  dear people���just as though the cor-  pni'iutlons were letting the people use  their capital without interest! -/All  capital Invested In plants Is a debt on'  Ihe people, whether the capital Is real  Investment or water. It Is a debt on  whlcli the people pay nny interest the  capitalists can squeeze the people out  nf, nnd Is paid In the shape of increased coi"t. It public property there  Is not wnter In It, and, when once  paid, the Interest ceases forever: but  If owned by n corporation the debt  In never paid nnd the Interest Is for  nil time. .The public can get money at  a lower rate than any other corporation.���Leavenworth, Knn., Standard.  "It always nrbuses the curiosity of  an eillfor to receive carefully printed  clri'Ulnrs rendy to be sent at once to  llie composing room and lacking >.lto-  gi'lher In evidences of where they come  from," snys the Syracuse, N. Y., Tost-  Ktaudard. "Such a circular came to  this olllce yesterday. In a plain white  envelope, with no business card, no  organization  name, nnd  no signature.  Whatever may be the reseult of the  elections in the Province���whichever,  party may be successful���there Is no  doubt that to Insure a continuance of  the confidence of the people the Government will 'have to deal promptly  and forcibly with the question of Oriental immigration. The disastrous results which will Inevitably flow from a  large influx of these people are beginning to be perceived even by the  least observant, and the outcry raised  agaist it is being joined in by the.  most indifferent of the citizens of British Columbia. The very few residents  of the coast who are anxious for a  labor market ln which this class is to  be found are coal miners and cannery  men, and they are willing to sacrifice  tho interests of the country to serve  their own private ends. That their  wishes will be allowed to weigh against  the general good Is hardly to be expected, nor is it likely that the complacency of Sir Wilfrid Laurier and  his desire to meet imperial views In a  matter so vitally opposed to our, existence and prosperity will long sue-'  cessfully stand in the way of the determined efforts of a practically united  Province.���Kossland Miner,  The Committee on Labor at Washington has reported an eight-hour bill  to Congress, in which the following  clauie appears: "It is cdntended by the  advocates of the shorter day that the  additional leisure given to labor has  resulted in a decrease of Intemperance  among laborers, the acquirement of  better taste and new and better desires, resulting In better homes, greater domestic felicity.'and a higher degree of intelligence, with an increase  of laudable pride as to the clothing  of themselves and those dependent  upon them. .No recognized authority  to-day combats the proposition that  the condition of the laborer has improved with every reduction In the  hours of daily service that has up to  this time been made. �� No reasonable  Person would for a moment entertain  the proposition that the work day  should again be lengthened to fourteen  or twelve hours. When the hours o't"  work were so long that workers had  no social opportunities, they resorc?J  'to stimulate for solace, and the pa- ���  loon for society."  A typical operation ot the Standard  Oil Company on the discovery of a deposit of natural gas adjacent to an  American city was the purchase of a  tract of land over the gas vein. The  company then bored a number of holes  into the vein and set fire to the gas as  It escaped, thus wasting this valuable  supply and depriving the city of chesp'  fuel, light and power. The company'  was actuated by the natural desire of  all sellers to produce scarcity and create necessities that people might be  forced to_buy.. While the interea*._of  "buyers is in the direction of abundance, 'the interest of sellers is in the  direction of scarcity. The one Is benefited by production and the other by  destruction. In Britain this difference  has been recognized and commercial  freedom has been established, that being In the interest of the buyers. lit  almost all other countries the Interest"  of the sellers has been paramount, and  taxation has been devised so as to create scarcity and prevent production.���  A Lesson ire Economics in the Globe,  Prof. Goldwln Smith, in the Weekly  Sun, says: "The Trades Council of  Toronto has passed a resolution in favor of the direct representation of' tho  working class in Parliament. The resolution is well warranted, and the interest not only of the working class,  but of the community at iarge, will be  promoted If it should take effect. No  right-minded man would wish that representation in Parliament should be  a matter of class, or that Parliament  should be a convention of clashing interests. Parliament, we all know,  should be the council of a united nation. Still, there are special Interests,,  each of which is entitled to a voice,  and must have a voire, if the concert:  Is to be full. The capitalist is abundantly heard; let the producer, the  other factor of our economical system,  be heard also. Questions will arise on  which the representative of the labor  Interest is an expert. A class can  hardly be expected to look up with entire respect and confidence to a governing assembly in which none of Its  members find a place."  VOTE 'FOR DIXON AND WILLIAMS, INDEPENDENT LABOR  CANDIDATES.  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will kindly notify   The   Independent.  SMOKE KURTZ'S UNION-MADE  * CIGARS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz & Co.*s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best  brands. Ask for them and take no sub-  ��tUute. _TJte_above._brands_are._ma.de_  of the "best imported Havana, and by  Durlng the last nine years 4;205 lives  have been lost 'In. the-coal'mines of, the  State of Pennsylvania alone, and 470,-  242,510 tons of coal were produced. *  '������The Independent Labor party have  opened committee rooms in ward V, at  corner of Westminster avenue and  Westminster road.   Everyone invited.  It has cost the New York Sun nearly  a million dollars In Its battle against  the Typographical Union, and the fight  against the unfair sheet Is just as hot  am! effective as ever.  The St. Louis street car men hnve  just won a bloodless victory. Ben F.  Clark and Josepli W. Faik. two lawyers of good standing with organized  labor, assisted In the diplomatic game.  More than 3.000 men were benefitted by  the work of these men.  The Granite strike iaugurated In  iRhode Island March 1st, for an eight-  hour day at $3, has been settled, and  the Granite plants re-opened last  Tuesday, employing all hands. Elghl  hours   is  to  constitute  a day's  work,  One of the very best papers published in favor ot" municipal ownership  is The Appeal  to Reasop.  Cot, Texada.���For time-table of C. P.  R. boats and trains, enquire of E. J.  Coyle, A. G. P. A., Vancouver, B.C.  The Seattle pressmen have announced that they have adopted a new-  scale ot wages, and do not anticipate  trouble in procuring their demands.  The plumbers are now in. the happy  position of having no union shops in  this city to contend with, the grievance  between Mr. Thomas Marsh-ill and the  union having been satisfactorily adjusted.  .'The Grand Mogul Ten. Company has  a new advertising device, which will  shortly be -placed In its different agencies. It cam be seen now at Messrs.  F. W. Mitchell & Co.'s Commercial  Block, lis Columbia avenue.  The Rossland Industrial World, the  miners' organ, deserves success if it  keeps up its present appearance. Mr.  A. C. Thompson, an experienced editor  and manager, has taken charge. ��� The  miners should be proud or their paper.  The story of the London, Ont.. effective street railway strike In our exchanges ls now become one of the  foremost serials. When It Is completed, it should be bound in suitable  volumes. For right-down heroism of  the.people, it would have tew equals.  ...   ���. _ - -      ���   .-      If t.herc Is anything that cannot bear  with 35 cents per hour the .minimum   free  thought,   let    it  crack���Wendell  wage for competent men. Phillips. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY..  .... .... JUNE 2. 1?00  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY GEO. BARTSLBY.  rUBLIStllOD   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST  Ol?  ORGANISED  LABOR  o.  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   ���$_   IIOMTER'   STREET,   VANCOUVER.   B.   C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, lii cents; threo  months, 35 cents;  six  months, 05  cents;  one year, $1.2.".  ENDORSED   BY   THE - TnADES   AXV  LABOR COUNCIL.  SATURDAY  ..JUNE 2, 11100  Platform of  Organized Labor.  Following is the Labor platform  adopted by the Vancouver Trades and  ���Labor Council for the ensuing campaign.   Read it:  1. That upon a petition being presented to the Government asking for  'the repeal of the exlising Law or the  enacting of a new law, the Government  ���shall be compelled to take a plebiscite  nnd repeal or enact as the majority  voting may decide. The petition to be  signed by a number equal to 10 per  cent, of the vote cast at the previous  election.  *>. That eight hours shall constitute  a day's work.  '3. That the contract system on all  public works be abolished and a minimum wage based on local conditions  be paid.  4. That.no more public land be alien-  .  ated by deed or Crown grant to corporations or individuals, but that it be  leased in perpetuity subject only to a  fair rental value.  5. That all taxes on industry and the  products of industry be gradually ab-  .-. olished, and the revenue ot the municipal  and  Provincial governments be  ���derived, by a tax on land values. '." . ���  0.   Free compulsory education;  free  educational materials,  and free maintenance when necessary.  ���������"   7.   Government inspection of all industries. -  S. Public, ownership of all franchises, such as railways, telegraphs,  telephones and all industries that partake of the nature: of a monopoly.  9. The Union Labelon all manufactured goods supplied the Government,  - where practicable.    10. Abolition 'of property qualification for all public offices, and no money  deposit to be required when the candidate's nomination Is endorsed by 100  :   electors  in. cities.and  50. electors in  rural districts.       .    .  12. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.'"  33. That a clause be inserted in all  charters granted by the Government,  making it necessary that a minimum  wage of $2.50 a day be paid.  M. Thu total abolition of  Chinese and Japanese immigration.  OUR CHAMPIONS.  Unquestionably the greatest speech  yet delivered during the present campaign was that nf Mr. Ralph Smith,  President of the Dominion Trades nn/1  Lnlv.r Congress, In the City Hall, on  Monday evening last. It was the.utterance of a man deeply alive to tho  public Interests, and especially to  those "f labor, one who has the heart  and soul lo fuel with those who hnve  teen styled, the masses ns against -tli��  classes. A worltlngman himself, !>���.'  I eels deeply the wrongs under which  3:1s fellows suffer, and Is embuod with  an Intense desire to ameliorate their  condition, and to do It In a conservative common-sonse way. While his attack upon Hon. Joseph Martin was  jRcathlng, yet he backed up every assertion he made, and put it clearly befom  the audience.  Take alone the $200 deposit now demanded from seekers after political  honors. Mr. Martin has stated that  he firmly 'believed! In the principle, but,  in deference to the 'wishes of the  Trades und Labor, Council of Vancouver, he had decided to give way and  raise his voice for the abolition of  what can only be regarded as a hindrance to labor making its entrance into  the legislative halls of the Province.  That Is, Mr. Martin believes in the  ffiMO deposit, bin, in order to curry favor with the workingmen of this city  and Province, he throws principle to  tlie winds and expects to throw dust  into the eyes of that humbler portion  of the electorate which does not draw  big legal fees from soulless corporations and huge monopolies, but which  at 'election time becomes a potent factor In the winning of political battles.  Then again, and we quote from a  speech he delivered In tills city on the  17th nf May, as reported in his per-  sonal organ, the World, of the following day. he made the following statement:  "So far as the Government was concerned, if their remaining in power  depended upon the votes of independent members, and had not a majority  of elected out-and-out supporters <,f  the Government, they would not attempt to carry on the Government."  Thus at one blow he rules out of  his ranks anybody who does not believe 'in" Martinism, pure and simple.  Mr. Ralph Smith, notwithstanding his  universally acknowledged, ability and  fearless adherence to the cause of lab-  or, must go, according to Mr. Martin's  dictum, and so also must Joseph Dix-  cn, Francis Williams, and the other  Independents who cannot see eye to  eye with him.  In the same way his unkind language  and that of his mouth-piece concerning Mr. Ralph Smith were undeserved,  and looking at it from a purely tactical point of view, a huge blunder.  It is amusing to find the latter now  smothering Mr. Smith with honeyen  adjectives and scented adverbs, and  regretting that he and the distinguished statesman, Mr. Martin, are not in  the same camp. Any person with a  sane mind can hardly Imagine Mr.  Smith, a man of sterling rectitude,  consorting with Mr. Martin after what  he said about him, nnd in view of Mr.  Robert Macpherson's declaration that  his sole reason for 'leaving the Labor  Party and joining the Government  forces was because John C. Brpwn had  been taken into the Cabinet, and he  was confident that the ministry contained-at' least one honest man, who,  presumably, would keep the others  straight. Mr. Ralph. Smith's indictment, of Mr. Martin was delivered in  a thoughtful, convincing manner, and  carried vast weight, but it is understood that at the meeting on the 6th  of June, to which the leaders of the  various parties have beeiu invited, he,  will have'more to say on the subject  when he meets the Premier face to  face., '.--..  Having disposed for the present of  this at best unsavory subject, although:  we have endeavored to deal with it  calmly ��� and judicially.���much more  might be said in.reference to it���w.;  rely upon the record of Mr. Smith to  entitle him and those who follow him  to the support of the electorate generally. 'Mr, Smith is no firebrand; he  Is very conservative In his opinions,  as are those who have been placed in  nomination by the working element of  the Province for legislative honors,  and he and the other candidates holding similar, views court the votes not  alone of the laboring classes, but as  well, of those who believe that labor  should be represented in Parliament,  especially if those seeking the suffrages of the.people are good and true.  In this respect we think that Messrs.  Dixon and Williams will be found  worthy uf support; they are respectively a. carpenter . mid. a tailor,, whose  knowledge of the trade in which they  are engiged is unexcelled; they are  good, honest, respectable citizens, hold-  =lne^>UCOjisJdewiJ_s__l____]^re;_l__K  well educated men, who can mak.  themselves fell on any platform, nnd  If they are sent to Victoria they will  prove themselves to be a .credit to  their constituents and a strong wall  against corruption and wrong-doing.  In speaking to ihe'readers of'The .Independent in this way. we do so for the  following reason, to convince them, If  possible, of the fact that ln. voting  tor Mr.''Dixon-and Mr. Williams they  are giving the cause o't 'honest labor  ��� deserved recognition, and are at the  same time safe-guarding their own best-'  Interests by reluming men who, like  Chevalier Bayard, are "sans peur el  sans reprnche."' Workingmen will support them almost as a unit���of that  there is no longer any doubt���but we  would like lo see the large-hearted,  generous-minded electorate of this eity  of all classes and.creeds lending them  such assistance on polling day as will  ensure their occupying a high place  upon the winning ticket. To all the  friends of the Trades and Labor Council, to the great body of unorganized  labor, to the young man, to the whole  people, we a��k that every effort shouid  be made from now on to make the victory of Joseph Dixon and Francis Williams so complete that their hands will  be strengthened for the arduous labors  that He before them, and to which they  will lend their best energies.  GET OUT AND WORK.  Just a week remains until the political   destinies  of   this  Province    have  been    settled    for  a  period   at  least.  That is in one respect a nhort time, only  seven  days,   but,  in  another,  a long  one if energy is concentrated upon the  object  which  lies next  to our hearts.  It is quite unnecessary for us to tell  working  men  that   that   object  Is   to  ensure the return ot candidates favorable to their views and consumed with  their ambitions.     To accomplish this,  hard work Is necessary, and It must  be carried on night and day until the  Inst ballot bus been placed in the boxes.  While the campaign has been moving  along In a  highly successful    manner  since its very Inception and the hope  was high that victory was assured, the  coming of the gifted President of the  Dominion Trades and Labor Congress,  Mr. Ralph Smith, accompanied by Mr.  Woodman, aroused an enthusiasm that  cannot   fail   to  pervade  the  ranks   of  labor generally throughout this constituency and result in the return of the  Independent Labor champions, Joseph  Dixon  and  Francis  Williams,   on   the  flth day of June next.     While this is  absolutely  true,  and   triumph  is  certain, we desire here to urge upon "the  followers of the party standard-bsarers  to work unceasingly until the election  is over, just as ;f defeat stared than  in the face.    Over-contiden ;e has lost  Innumerable battles of grave  importance, and so it will go on until the end  of time.     No mistake  must  be made  on    this   occasion.     Never before    in  their history," did-'the workingmen  of  this city,  organized  and  unorganized,  have such a splendid opportunity   to  strike a great blow for labor as they  possess now, and it Is. their duty, as it  is their right, to avail themselves oC  it.     Constant, unceasing work, seeing  to it that every avullble vote is cast,  strict vigilance at the  polls���all  these  things  must be attended  to and carried out it we are to place our candidates high up on the polls, and thus  give Labor that place in  the government of the country which'has,-heretofore been denied it.    We have every  reason to feel proud of our candidates.  They will compare favorably with any  In  the field, and with a long- pull,   a  strong pull, and a pull altogether, victory will perch upon the Labor banners  on Saturday next, and Messrs. Dixon  and  Williams  will; take    their places  among  our  legislators    and  advocate  arid enforce: such-measures as are in  our interest as well as in that ot the  whole body politic.    Once more, then,  -���     o     - - - '-���   -   '      -'  we urge upon every elector who is in  sympathy with them and the cause  they represent,tto. take his coat oft all  next week and do such yeoman service  as will entitle him to the thanks and  gratitude of his co-laborers', not only  in Vancouver but throughout" tha  length and breadlth of British Colum-  -bla."  The Wellington Colliery Company,  limited, is advertising for five hundred  white miners and mine laborers for  the Wellington, Extension, South Wellington and Comox mines.  from a man holding so prominent an  office under the Crown, it isi to say  the least, unseemly, and must be deprecated. Imagine for a momant Lord  Salisbury, Sir Wilfrid, Laurier, Hon.  George W. Ross1, Hon. H. R. Emmer-  non, or any sane Indlviual representing  the weight and power and' influence of  the British Crown in the councils of  state declaring that a prominent representative of the people deliberately lied," and that he had "no use  for the man."' He, had; too; so he  says, "known Mr. Smith to lie in other  matters, and when a man ���will deliberately lie to me, I want noting more to  do with him." It would, perhaps, bo  cruel to insinuate that Mr. Mat-tin  may at some time in his career have  trifled with the truth, and! that consequently he wns not a fit person to associate with In any capacity. Wc are  of tlie opinion that when Mr. Smith  addresses the electors on Wednesday  evening next in the City Hull, he will  be able to meet Mr. Muntin's statement, and1 in the meantime we would  urge those who might be led astray  by the Premier's assertion, to wait till  they hear from the President of the  Trades and Labor Congress of Canada, whose honor has,never been im-  peiuohod, and who may be conn led upon  lo deal with the charges of Mr. Martin  in a manly way. Our sole object in  touching the matter at all Is to entet;  a protest against Ministers of the  Crown indulging In such language and  to insist ithat among Intelligent, educated people, living under the aegl�� of  the British' flag, a higher state of political morality should! prevail, ami diatribes such as we have quoted above  heard only among the .uncivilized' peoples who imagine vainly that coarse  invective is ifetehJng argument.  Have Yon Boiifflir"5^  Your boy his new suit yet?   II not,  pay us a visit to-day. We tire Jmvi ng u  Special Sate  of Boys'  H  aud you enn stive money. In faet, it  will pay you to buy another suit  even if you have already bought;  these goods are strictly new and up-  to-date. Kirnt ��� class workmanship  and good quality materials in  Tweed Cheviots, Serges and Corduroys���in  To buy Fink Madk-vi* Clothing, Huts  Caps and   Men's   Furnishing-* at tin*  Sailor,  Norfolk,  Fontelroy  w  ��".  and other styles���also AH) odd pair  of pants, all to go at .prie.es, which  means a savinu to you at OSETHI RI) in every instance.  170 Cordova St,  COR. CAMBIE.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Ookdova St.  'Phone 442  Now going on at   tin-    ������ r*nlnce.**  Storks .bought at 4H1-J cunts on thrt  dollar, places us in a position to give tho  best goods at the iawkst priees ever  heard of iu Vancouver.  Now Is the  Time to Buy!  IIO Cordova St.  India is suffering not from a. failure  of production, but from the effect of  the system of distribution. As in Ireland during the famine year, there .Is  abundant food for the people. It has  been estimated that the exports from  Ireland during the famine year were  greater than the total food consumption of the Island during years of ordinary prosperity. In the granaries of  India there is abundance of food, 1 ut  the people are not in a position to buy  It. It is not food, but money to buy  food, that the people want. Cash subscriptions are all ithat is necessary-to  relieve the distress. The "favorable"  balance of trade, the excess of exports over imports, shows that the  people produce ample food to sustain  themselves.���A 'Lesson on < Economics,  in the Toronto Globe.  VOTE FOR DIXON AND WILLIAMS, INDEPENDENT I.AJ50R  CANDIDATES.  Sick People,  . 1'nrtieularly the laboring man, want tho  VEKYUKST medicine it is possible to  procure. .Why? Iteeause ii means dollars to be kept .from work, through  ., cheap second-class drugs. We use only,  the ��BST, andemplojvonly skilled labor  to dispense your doctor's . I'KKSCRU*-  ���'��� TIONS. No scab labor for us. We do  evervthing on tbe union principle.  SEYMOUR,  The Ip-to-Date Druggist,  COlt. SKVMOUR AND  IIASTIN'C'S STREETS  $1,200  Will buy a two-storeyed I  \  house, with all modern j  improvements, on Harris  street, close to Westminster avenue. For full particulars apply to  Mahon, M<Far(ai)d��> rVgabon, Lfdj  541 Hastings Street.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  Wc make a specialty of Union-hade Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  VOTE FOR 'DIXON AND WILLIAMS,    independ.-:,n'''    l.vi'-'-u  CANDIDATES.  IS THE  MAN   INSANE?  We hnve waited for some dnys Cor  ,i refutation of the folio-wing specinl  despatch to the "VVorMi. of Wednesday  last, but as H has not yet appe.ire',1,  we.conclud'e that it is accurate. It is  as follows:  "Nnnnimo, May , IIO.���Hon.' Joseph  Martin passed through' tlie city yesterday afternoon on his way to Albcrnl,  and to your correspomleiut said' if  Ralph Smith'-was-correctly reported In  his address, .he (uttered, several deliber-  -nte-falsehoodft^Mr.^.SniUh^had'_jj__  eused the Premier -of a ehees-e-parin-j  policy, amoiiir other thinfis being- the  reduction of wages of men employed  on the roads. "I had' nothing whatever to do with reducing the wages of  the road men," said Mr. i.Martin, "as  il was but of my department. If Mr,  Smith ever mwde any efforts to have  wages raised or kept up, I never heard  of it. Now, with regard to Inviting  Mr. Smith' to enter my cabinet, whenever this matter has been mentioned1  to me 1 have said thai 1 wanted nothing whatever to with Mr, Smith.  He deliberately lied to me about it  small matter lust winter, nnd since  that time I have not hud nny use for  the man. It was a sinnll matter he  lied to me n'bout: An extra edition of  the Nnnnimo Herald had been Issued,  containing misstatements about me.  I went to Mr. Smith and asked him  If lie had anything to do with it, and  he suld that he knew nothing whatever about It. I now hnve absolute  proof that he did knu'v> something  of it. In rnct, he was one of the men  responsible ,fur getting It out. 1 have  known Mr. Smith to He in other matters, and when a niaiv will deliberately  lie to me. I want nothing more to do  with him."  It can hardly be. believed that a person occupying the exalted position ot  Premier would use such language, even  if it were deserved. From 'the fish-wives  of 'Billingsgate nothing better could be  expected1���they revel In it���but coming  WAIvIv PAPER  WALLPAPER  : We itrc uji to date in the  We Pitlso  curry' a full  ,   line <it  Latest Designs  in Both  American and  Canadian  Wall Paper  Stationery,  School  Supplies,  Latest Books  & Periodicals  PAYNE STATIONERY CO  Printer*, lloiiksellersfinil Stationers,  l-tO Hastings SI root 1'ast     -     -      Vancouver  The First Labor Paper published in the interest of . .  �� labor and we are the First  0 Store to serve the public .  �� The Cheapest Reading  �� in Vancouver    "���"^  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  11-59 Hastings and  14 Arcade  J. A. PROUL/X,  X Inventor of flic.  U  And New Steam Thawing Drills forJCIomllktt  Miners, (in.s nnd Stcam-lHtcr, Contractor, etc.  Oflice nnd Works, Wl Howe street, ���Vmicuuver,  U. C, next posl-oWce.  SS. DEFIANCE  J. A. CATES,   -     -   Master.  Leaven Evans, Coleman Vfc J.vans' .wharf, Vancouver, every day at 8:15 a. in.,'for' Jlritannia  mine, Howe Sound,'returning same duv. Every MONDAY, WEDNESDAY, ami KATUiiDAi*;  Britannia-Mine*,Shannon's Hriek Yard, mouth  of Squainish river, in river when tide suits,  and wav ports.  EVERY TUESDAY AND Kill DAY ~ Britannia Mine by way of Gibson's Landing, ealting  atall lotfKiiiK Camns. : ���������-������-  EVERY THURSDAY ��� Britannia; Mine and  wayports. ... c:   ':  The moat beautiful, scenery in British Columbia on this route; line fishing and shooting  atSquamish river. For rates apply at Evans,  Coleman & Evans' wharf, oron board steamship  Delianee.  IV  YOU   WISH  YOUR EYES  TESTED' FREE  Cull un imr Doctor of OiPlii'S nnd hu will  willingly coiiiiily with ymir rra-uust.  Davidson. Bros.,  110 Coriliivn Strict.  CALL"  At the workingman's watchmaker and Jeweller  before pun-lmsing anywhere eUe, lie is known  through B. C. for good and cheap watches aud  Jewelry.   Watch repairing a specialty.  I. HERMAN,  ]_o Cordova Street, ��pppnsitc Savoy  Theatre, Vaueouver.  KILL lift l��  II. DAY, I'roprlotiir.  Iiycliil!, CluiiniiiK, 1'rossliii;, Kuimlrtiit!, Jitit.  'Office:  M0Teiulur struct.   Works': WW  l'ciiilcr Street, VANCOUVEU, II. C.  on  Cordova St. West.  Ilcailqiuirtcrs for the enKliiccrliiB tnulc  (u Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���*^>   ,  Liquors and Cigars  Flrst-cliiss rooms from 50 con's up.  ROBT. HLNTLY,   -   -   PROP.  LUNCHES PUT- CI'.  CATEHINIl A Sl'F.CMt,TV.  John  "Confectioner-  A full lino of Confectionery nml  l'ASTKIES.  Ice Cream Delivered.  ���113 Hastings Street  Vancouver. 1!. C.  WE arc Direct I>n*oiVrni*s  Page Ponsford Bros,  G0o Hastings St.  Hardie & Thompson |  Murine ami General������=���*-.  Consulting Hldinnicul Fngiiiccrs  520 Cordova St. W., Vancouver, It. (,'. Tbi..7  Patentees nml dculKncr.i of tlio HitriUc-  Tliiiin[iw)n wutcr tiilie boiler, mm' IiIkIi  specil reversini' oiikIiich, und special  machinery in light Hcctloiis for ininc.i.  riini'Et,I.EHS DESKlNF.n.    KMIINES INII1CATEII AND  ADJUSTED.  Solo agents In H. C. anil X. \V. Territoriei fop I  thcUnitcil Klexlblo Metallic Tubing Co., I.ul.\ "  Ixiiulon, Eng.  " Upwnrc.1 niicl Onward ������  KXCKI^SIOU ~"���*  Steam Launclry  11. ItOllEllTKON, l'ropriulor.  Under tlie new ltianiiKcmcitt evert' euro 1��1  takun with (���iioil.s entriKtcd to tlicin. lost Fun-.'  iler street,  'l'lione i>70.         V.c;!;::*/-'--:'*: .':!'-* SATURDAY...;.. .....June 2, 1300  THE INDEPENDENT.  Don't Buy Hardware  Till you see Otirs--the largest and best,  MOST UP-TO-DATE  STOCK IN  Hardwood Mantles.  Oiir stock needs no introduction as we  have kept it up to date, and have now got over  thirty different styles to choose from. We are  selling-agents for the Rockford Mantle Company the largest concern in America and their  ���goods are only to be seen to be admired.  Fire-place Grates.  We are sole agents for the Dawson  Grate and Dawson Beauty Grate, made in  any finish, and are the most up-to-date Grate  manufactured.  TILING.  Our Stock is very large and those intending building will be well repaid by a visit to  our show room. We have Glazed, Unglazed,  Imbossed, Vitrious, also Circular Ceramic Mosaic Tile���suitable for halls and vestibules. _  Parquet Flooring  It is" here to stay and we have, it foifsale  and can show you a nice variety of patterns. ^  Majestic Ranges.  We are sole agents for the Great Majestic Range���the only malleable Iron and Steel  Range manufactured and it will last a life time.  High-class Building Hardware  We have the largest stock in the Province, and mind���the look of your house inside  depends on the class of Hardware, you have  it furnished with.  Heavy Hardware.  Bar Iron and Steel, Steel Cable, Crucible  Steel Wire Rope, Plough Steel Wire Rope,  Manilla Rope, Coil Chain, Spades and Shovels,  Wire Nails, Cut Nails, Galvanized and Black  Wrought Spikes, Anchors, Linseed Oil, Genuine and No. i White Lead, and everything you  ask for in an up-to-date Hardware Store.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  Wholesale and Retail,  McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd.,  DAWSON CITV, N. W. T.  122 Cordova St., VANCOUVER, B. C.  OP  iiraiiiY  BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  WILL Mc. CLAIN, CANDIDATE.  SOCrAUSM, BEING A SCIENCE, REQUIRES' CAREFUL INVESTIGATION* BY YOURSELF, THEREFORE, WB WOULD RESPECTFULLY  URGI'l YOU TO READ THE FOLLOWING :  Workers, vote for the principles and  resolutions ot the United Socialist La-  Ijor Party of British Columbia at  THE PROVINCIAL ELECTION.  Candidate���Mr.' Will Mc. Clain, president of the In ternational Aesociatlon  ���of Machinists in"this city. He is a man  t>f the people, by the people and for  ���the people.  MANIFESTO.  In submitting this platform and demands to you, working-men of Vancouver,: we point to the fact that every  ���nominee has signed his own resignation, blank date,.- This enables the  "United Socialist Labor Party to withdraw any of Its candidates if elected  ���aa soon as they do not live and act  according to the tactics and principles  of the United Socialist Labor Party.  Tlie'continuous war: between capital and labor is fiercer every year. Wo  ���call upon.you, workingmen of Vancouver, to side with the representatives of  'the class-conscious proletariat of the  -world and this city andelect them to  offioe, for they will work In your Interest, whatever may happen, and  against the Interest of your oppres-  ���sors,-the-capltalist-clnss:���In-concluding, we remind you of the fact that If  iir*s "better to vote for the thing you  ���Hyaht and not get it than to vote for  jsouiethlng you do not want and get  ���it. Vote for principles upheld by the  ���right men.  The. ethics of socialism are Identical  with the ethics of Christianity���En--  -tyclopedla Brltannlca.  Socialism���A theory of society that  advocates a more precise, orderly and  harmonious arrangement of the social  relations of mankind than that which  lias hitherto prevailed.���Webster.  water, machinery���all the ��� means of  production' and distribution, and all  the available forces of nature, to be  owned by, and operated' for, the benefit 'of the whole people; the gradual  elimination, and; finally, the abolition  of' all useless and unproductive toll;  the ���: work-day to be as short as the  needs of the people will permit-���about  four hours per day will possibly do  It.  WORKINGMEN.  You would like steady work, but  you vote yourselves out of a job. You  would like short hours, but you vote  for long hours of toll. You would like  to buy coal at "$1.50 per ton, but you  vote to pay $6.50. /You would like to  buy oil at 4 cents a. gallon, but you  vote to pay 35 cents. Yiou would like  to buy coffee and tea at 10 cents a  pound, but you vote to pay 40 cents  a pound.  The United States census show that  the average wealth produced by each  worker in our manufacturing establishments Is 2,504 per year. You vote  to get only a small part of it! Vote to  have It all!  WORKINGMEN.  , Will Mc. Clain, Soolallst, is our delegate. Socialists, vote In the coming  election for your personal benefit, as,  if he is elected, he goes.to the Legislature on the Socialists' referendum and  Imperative mandae principle.  Piump for Will Mc. Clain, president  nf the International Machinists' union  of this city, a man of the people, from  the people, and for the people.-  Socialism is simply applied Christianity, the Golden Rule applied to ev^  cry-day life.���Prof. Ely.  ���Socialism.���The answer of socialism  'to the capitalist is thnt society can do  iwilhout him just ,as society now does  ''without; the slave'owner and the feudal  lord, both which w-ere formerly regarded as necessary to the well-being and  even the very existence of society.���  Prof. W. Clark.  Socialism being'the product of social  ovnlu tlon, the only danger lies In obstructing It.���-Rev. F. M. Sprague.  WHAT SOCIALISTS WANT.  "Every human being to.be -.veil housed,    clothed,  fed  and  educated;    the  adoption of a social and,Industrial system that will put an end to profit, intact; rent and all forms of usury; land,  PLATFORM.  The United Socialist Labor Party of  British Columbia re-asserts the Inalienable'right of all nun to life, liberty  and the pursuit of happiness.  We hold that the purpose of Government Is to secure every citizen tin the  enjoyment of this right; but In the  light of our social conditions, we hold,  furthermore, that no. such right can be  exercised under a system of economic  Inequality!', essentially destructive of  life, of liberty and of happiness. -  We hold that the true theory of polities is that the machinery of Government must be owned and controlled by  the whole people; but In the light of  our Industrial,development we hold,  furthermore, that the true theory of  economics. Is that the machinery of-  production must likewise belong to the  people In common.  To the obvious fact, that ,a despotic  system of economics* Is the direct opposite of our. democratic system of  politics, can plalnly'be traced-the'existence of a privileged class, the cor-  the alienation of public property, public  franchises and public functions to that  class, and the abject dependence of  even the mightiest nations upon that  class.  Again, through the perversion of democracy to the ends of plutocracy,  labor is robbed: of the wealth which  it alone produces, is denied the means  of self-employment, and, by; frequent  compulsory Idleness In a" system of  wage slavery, Is even. deprived of the  necessaries of life.  Human power and natural forces are  thus wasted, that the plutocracy may'  rule.  Ignorance and misery, with all their  concomitant evils are perpetuated that  the people may be kept In, bondage.  Science and invention are diverted  from their humane purpose to the enslavement of women and children.  Against such a system, the United  Socialist Labor Party enters Its protest, and reiterates Its fundamental declaration that private property inn the  natural sources of production and in  the instruments of labor Is the obvious  cause of all economic servitude and political dependence.  The time is fast coming "when, in the  natural course of social evolution, this  system, through the destructive action  of its failures and crises on the one  hand, and the constructive tende'ncli's  of Its trusts and other capitalistic combinations on the other hand shall  have worked out its own downfall.  We, therefore, call upon the wage  honest citizens, to organize under the  banner of the United Socialist Labor  Party Into a class-conscious body,  aware^of Jts_rIghts-andideterm!ned-to  conquer them by taking possession of  the public powers; so that, held together by an Indomitable spirit of solidarity under the most trying conditions of the present class struggle we  may put a summary .end to that barbarous struggle by the abolition of  classes, the restoration of the land and  of all the means of production, transportation and distribution to the people as a collective body, and the substitution of the Co-operative Commonwealth for the present state of planless  production, Industrial war and social  disorder; n commonwealth ln which  every worker shall have the free exercise and full benefit ot his faculties,  multiplied by all the modern factors of  civilization. ,  ���RESOLUTIONS.    Y  With a view to Immediate improvement in the condition of laoor we present the following demands:  1. Reduction of the hours of labor in  proportion to the progress, of production.  2. Tho (Dom'lnlon to obtain possession  of the mines, railroads, canals, telegraphs, telephones and all other means  of public transportation and communication; the employees to operate the  same co-operatively under control of  the1 Federal government and to elect  their own superintendent and foremen,  and that no employee shall be discharged for political reasons.  3. The. Provinces and municipalities  to obtain possession of < the local rail.  ruptlon ot Government by that clans, roads, ferries, water works, gas works.  electric plants and all industries requiring Provincial and municipal franchise; the employees to operate the  same co-operatively: under controlYof  the'Provincial and Municipal: admtris-,  tratlons and to elect their own'superintendents and foremen, and that no  employee shallbe discharged for political-reasons.        .- :   : ''  Y.4. The public lands to be declared Inalienable. Revocation of all land grants  to corporations or Individuals, Iwhere  the conditions of the grant have,not  been complied with. '.'..'"���'���-:  E. The Dominion to have the exclusive right to issue money.  G. Federal legislation providing for  the scientific' management of forests  and waterways, and prohibiting the  Waste ot the natural resources of the  country.   -:  . "7. Inventions to he free to all; the  inventors to be remunerated by the  nation.      "��������� ���-���������. ������������'-.'���  S. Progressive income tax and tax  on inheritances; the smaller Incomes  to be exempt. "      ���'"'������������..  9. School education of all children under fourteen years of age to be compulsory, free and accessible to all by  public assistance in meals* clothing,  books, etc., where necessary.  10. Repeal of all pauper, tramp, conspiracy and sumptuary laws. Unabridged right of combination.  11. Prohibition of.the employment of  children under fourteen years of age,  prohibition ot the employment "f women and young persons in occupations  detrimental to health or morality.  Abolition of the convict labor contract  system. , '-..' '..-."  12. Employment of the unemployed  -by-sthe^pubHeiauthorltiessCcounty^cIty,-  provinclal and national.)  13. -AH wagesiVto be paid in lawful  money ot the Dominion : of Canada.  Equalization of women's wages with  those of men where equal services are  performed.  .,:,14. Laws for the protection of life  and limb In all occupations, and an  efficient employers' liability law.  15. The people .to have the right to  propose laws and to vote upon all  measures of Importance, according to  the Initiative nnd referendum principle.  1C. Abolition of the veto power ot the  Executive (national, provincial and  municipal), wherever It exists.  17. Abolition ot the Senate and ail  upper legislative chambers.  ; IS. Municipal self-government, the  abolition ot the system of money deposits and property qualification for  candidates for parliamentary and municipal legislatures.  , 19. Direct vote and secret ballots In  all elections. Universal and equal  right of suffrage. Election days to be  legal holidays. The principal of proportional representation to be Introduced."  20. All public officers to be subject to  recall by their respective, constituencies.  21. Uniform civil and criminal law  throughout the Dominion. Administration of justice to be free of charge.  Abolition of, corporal and capital punishment.  The United Socialist Labor Party  [.ami justice and liberty. YA tnue democracy', of happy workers, treed from  the abuse of: greedy corporations, 'inhuman) hirelings and! task masters of  unscrupulous 'corporations, who .'fare  bringing thousands of Japs and Chinese to the Province cut British Columbia to take the places of tlhe white'  British.workers of this fair province,  and in so;doinig,.are simply taking tlie  bread and butter out of the mouths  of the wives and children! of the workers of this city and' province. There-,  fore we appeal to ihe workers of this  city to help 'tis In.' our noble fight  against all unscrupulous hirelings of  the capitalist class, and' In doing this  you are helping to protect your wives  and'families, homes and' firesides.  Better 'wages, Shorter hours of labor,  and a -minimum wage of $2.50 a day  for.all ���unskilled labor."  SOCIALIST LABOR  'Disclaiming all dependence upon the  capitalists who have halls to rent. Will  Mac. . Cain, candidate- of the United'  Socialist Labor. Party,: Tuesday night  spoke in the open air, or* Momut Pleasant, and it was, cold air, top. He addressed a ifalrly large crowd at^ the  corner of Westminster, avenue and  Westminster road^ finishing just after  dark. Mr. Mac. Clain spoke.'. along  Socialist lines, and declared himself  opposed- to capitalists- of every kind.  As a candidate, he said, he had nothing in common with either Joseph  Martin, Chas. Wilson or F. Carter-Cot  ton, or, ln\ short,  wlth_aji'y.,mjin^wlio_|  'dlU'nora^dOpRKe'Uitited' Socialist Labor Party.    Like the speakers of every  faction, -v'ho are making a .fight against  the Premier, Mr. Mac. Clain paid special  attention   to  Mr.   Martin,   as   the  only  man  there was to fear.     When  Mr.  Martin got Into power,  Mr. Mac.  Claim said,  he would  do  this  and  do  that.     He did not seem to think flint  any other man of the many who are  after the position   could'   secure    the  reins of government.     Mr. Mac. Clain  speaks ...altogether  from   t'he  working-  man's point of,view, and Is diametrically1 opposed  to  everything  that would  in any way benefit capitalists,  whom  he described as all those who are not  dependent for their dally support upon  labor.    He betrayed a great aversion  to.Mr. McQueen, .because on tlie nomination  paper  he  posed   as  n   gentit-  man, nnd Mr. Mac. Clain  warned  his  hearers to bewuro of those men who  lived on the backs of the people.    He-  made particular mention ot each ot tin-  Government candidates,  classing  Mr.  Macpherson as a decoy to the Interests  of labor, and    statins'   in t connection  with  Mr.  Gilmour  that  it'was  when  that gentleman was eonected with the  C.   P. iR.  shops  that  wages "were  the  lowest.    Mr. Mac. Claiii said when Mr.  Martin  was in  power    he should    be  made to carry out his promise of building'the'railway "to the interior.     The  manner in which Mr. Mac. Cain proposed building  the  road was  by !the  issue     of    Government      or     provincial  scrip,   which  would'be paid  as  wages to the workingmen, and1 should  bo accepted as legal  tender throug-h-  of B. C. would always stand for truth j out the Province of British Columbia.  In, this, way   t'he    paying  of ..interest,..  would, be avoided, as would'.necessarily j  be  the  case: if ��� money were  borrowed!  from.British capitalists'.    He proposed)"  that public "utility .systems   be constructed the same as1 was done in the  Isle of Guernsey.    He then' made the.  same charge against Mr. Martin' jthat ,  lie had stolen, some of ,the planks "of'.:  his  platform..'/He 'had"-.', appropriateo" ;���  them  from  the Labor   platform.    Yt��  elected,  Mr.  Mac.  Ciain did! not propose to: support any party, but'to'be.  guided solely,by the directions of hia  constituents.     He  believed in the-initiative   and, referendum,   and   would! .  vote for measures, not men.     In concluding, Mr.,Mac. Clain. became.quite  emphatic in his word1, pictures of the  workingman's . Utopia,, when  the. man." '  who labors snail have worked but his '  social salvation, and where .the capitalist shall be: subjugated,  and1 shall noY  longer control the working, classes..  Frank Rogers, vice-president. of theY  Fishermen's Union,  was in the, chair,',  and at the close announced that   this'v  evening at  the corner of Carrall and.  Cordova streets; Mr. Mac. Clain- would  deliver an address on How to Bulid a  Railroad -Without Paying- Interest.;' '.:  J. Kiiby, a workingman from New.,;  Zealand, will also speak at the meet-. '  ing  to-night. . .,  Mr: Mac.    Clain    addressed a large  meeting at Moodyvillle on Wednesday;  :  evening, and! was well received. .'. ,.;  VOTE FOR IDIXON AND WILLIAMS, INDEPENDENT LABOR  CANDIDATES.  VOTE FOR  WILLIAMS  AND  DIXON. THE INDEPENDENT
SATURDAY.. ., ». ... „. JUNE 2,1909
A Serious Menace to the Institutions of Our Country.
"Only a hobo." exclaimed one of the
crowd which had beon.drn-.vn together
by a serious accident which had occurred on the New York Central Kail-
road 'near Winchester, X.Y., a few
months ago. The lifeless body of one
of these pour wretches was being sal tiered up piecemeal from ihe track. He
(had been-riding the rods underneath
oiie uf the passenger coaches, when;
through some carelessness on his part,
he lost his hold, fell under the wheels,
and was cut to pieces.
- He may have been "only n hobo," out
perhaps the unfortunate man was
worthy of a better fate.
It is true that a great many of these
nomads are unworthy of any attention,
and a blessing would be conferred on
every city and town in Canada nnd
the United States if some remedy
was devised to obliterate this growing menace to law and order from
the land. They are increasing steadily Iri numbers, and are becoming more
flaring every year, and If ever this
dare-devil class of men can be educated to act as a unit in any -inder-
,taking, under skilfull leaders, a'potent
factor—striking at the foundations of
our institutions—will have to be reckoned with in the near/future.
But is the hobo to be blamed for the
life that he leads? Certainly not, in
every case. It is the industrial conditions that have sprung up in our
midst since the close of the Civil War
that are responsible for (he existence
of this claps of men to-day. The Introduction of labor-saving machinery In
all branches of business; the hordes
of Chinese and Japs who invade our
shores on the Pacific; the lower strata
of humanity which has pourcl Into
Quebec and New York by thousands, have iiTl • combined to
throw out of employment hundreds of good, staunch citizens,
whose  places  have  been  tilled  by  the
country offers better Inducements to
the "hobo" than the cities in spring
and^summer. There he caw find a little sustenance to replenish the inner,
man and a grassy plot for a bed.
After he has partaken of his food, he
can sleep and not be afraid of being
"vagged." Here .he finds running
water, which enables him to "boil up"
and keep passably clean. Hut after
all the "hobo" Is
Only a  poor old  wanderer—
No place lo call his home.
After battling with the vicissitudes
of such a life, It would be strange indeed if the "hobo" did imi lose entirely
all his manhood, and take up with sill
the vices that such a nomadic existence carries In Its train. He becomes
so hardened that he stops at nothing
to gain his ends. Ho becomes u footpad when In the city, and when in the
country tho "hobo" Is ready to take
advantage of anything that may turn
up which may offer him any gain. Society is against him, and he Is against
society. Everything is .meat which
comes Into his net.
This "hobo" problem is very hard to
solve under existing conditions. It Is
a serious menace to the institutions of
oiir country, lt is the outgrowth, in
a large measure, of pernicious legislation. They are adding to their ranks
daily. They 'have formed themselves
Into a brotherhood tor self-protection,
and its jurisdiction embraces the continent. Its members notify each other
where a piece of money, a first-class
"hand-out" or'a bed.can be procured,
by mystic signs cut or placed in some
convenient spot, known only to tlie
"hobo" fraternity. If In trouble and
In need of assistance, these same methods are adopted.
These outcasts, a class of nomads
separate and distinct from all other
criminals, have learned that they can
protect themselves better by being
banded together than traveling through
life alone. They have found out the
benefits of organization, and are
building up a citadel of strength for
their own protection and gain. Will
these social outcasts become disciplined
and in time obey the mandates of the
officers of their association? When
this comes to pass, and It surely will,
and this sordid mass of humanity
moulded into a cohesive whole, ready
to obey the behest and diction of Its
lenders, will some crafty' genius, at
some auspicious time, turn loose these
human vultures to gratify his own
ambition., or for the furtherance of
some gigantic conspiracy, fostered by
some .master mind?
Who can tell the far-reaching effect
of this organization, composed of such
t'ariboo . •
Nnnnimo <Mty	
NitiiHtmo North	
Nnnnimo South ,
Viutnrin Noith	
Vfctmlii South	
En-it WUooot	
W'i'st Lillooet	
West Yule	
North Yrtle	
J_HSt YlllO	
North Ktihl KnuiL'iitiy.
Smith Kh*U ICootuiuiy.
Chill iwiusk	
Mart in
'0 nihil m
Hue be
Pa liner
Ho win i
Tat low
ti\ es
Kill Kill
j Keen
I Ash welt
liny ward
Prentice .
1-oo ley
TurniT.   i Indepcnd-
I ent Labor
Mi-. Clain,
Social i*l
advent  of  labor-savinpr  machinery   or
by  this foreign  cheap  labor.
Where nro these men to procure employment? If they have a little money,
it is soon eaten up In railway or steamboat fares, or perhaps In providing
their families with the necessaries of
life. A large number of the "hobo"
family had happy homes at one time.
Clo where they may—to the north, to
the south, to the east, or west—they
are confronted with the same condition of affairs. How can they support a family, raise their children to
_e good and loyal citizens, take pride
in them as they ascend the ladder of
prosperity, when the head of the
household can't even support himself?
When their money is gone, whnt are
-lliey-lo -Uu? "	
Ts the "hobo" responsible for these
conditions, or is the labor-saving machinery nnd the cheap labor imported
into this country responsible for the
"hobo's" condition? We can not prevent the inventive genius of our people from asserting itself, but we can
prevent the influx of this foreign horde
of cheap labor into our country. Canada and the United States are asylums
for tire oppressed, but they should not
be made dumping grounds for the
scum of the universe. What can any
man do when he finds himself out ot
work throuirh such causes, his money
nil gone, no work to be had In the
town, and no friends to give 'him a
helping hand? Where can he go when
hi- has no money to puy his fare?
Where can he eat or sleep without n
peny In his pocket? If he stays in
town he Is liable to he "vagged" for
being poor, so he must move on, nnd
the only alternative is to "count ties"
on Die railroad or steal a ride on a
train to the next town. The "hoho"
generally chooses the easiest, although
the .most dangerous way of traveling—
the ears. Sometimes he decks the passenger coach, then rides the rods or
brakes for a change, or perhaps the
'blind," and oftentimes to work his
passage over the mountains, passes
coal. He is often ditched on the burning sands of the desert, miles from any
habitation, or put off In the depths of
winter on the cheerless prairies when
the thermometer Is below zero.    The
desperate men, upon I he destiny of
this republic'.' 'Time alone will settle
this serious qurstion, and il may not
be far dlstunt when I his countless
horde will take a terrible revenge upon
those whom they believe are responsible for their present condition. Now
Is the time to adopt hiws prohibiting
the influx of Japs. Chinese, and the
scum of Europe from entering these
shores, and displacing any more of
our citizens, so thai the "hobo" ranks
will not be able to gather any more
recruits, and thus keep down this terrible vampire, whose morbid appetite
will never be appeased until ruin and
desolation stalk through Ihe land.
VOTE    FOI*    J) IN OX    AND    WTL-
.MAMS,_._TN*DEnR.\'DE*\"_ IyABOR
At a regular meeting of the Sllvcrton
Miners' Union on Saturday night, a resolution was carried unanimously that It.
V. Green he endorsed as the Union candidate for the Siocan Riding, anil that
all Union men should vote and work for
his election. The Sniidnn. Whitewater,
KflHlo and New Denver unions have also
publicly endorsed R. F. Green.
The ndvnntngc to the people In the
municipal or governmental control of
certain public utilities has been so often demonstrated, that II Is a matter
of considerable wonder that the principle has not taken a greater hold
upon the people. ,ui- at least been
brought Into more general use. The
Immense power wielded by certain
giant corporations —powers which
places them almost, If not quite, beyond the pale of ordinary legal control—Is a striking evidence ot the
need, not of restricting . their operations, but of taking actual control of
their 'industries,. nnd working them
for the benefit of the people.—Mani-
toulln Guide.
See Geo. Irvine's Out-door
vases, and' get one for your
lawn.   Rear World office.
Jack Rowell was a first-class prospector and miner, an all-round good
follow, and liberal to a fault. He had
prospected from the Gulf of Mexico
to the Arctic Slope, and had made one
or two fair strikes, but had thrown
his money away at the gambling table
or In the dance hall.
In the spring of '113, Jack,was located in the mining camp of Victor,
Kootenay, British Columbia., when the
silver crash tame. Of course, he was
broke. ricking up a chum, he ''decided to beat his way to California.
After running across many strange experiences and undergoing many hardships, they finally reached Ashland,
Oregon, with a few beans In their pockets and an aching void in their ntom-
BUI Riley, his pal, an old roadster,
up to all the tricks of the profesh, suggested that they drill down the line
about halt a-mile and see If they could
run across any of the push, and perhaps get some grub, as they could
not set out that night. They started,
and after traveling a few hundred
yards Bill sow the glare of accamp
fire a short distance from tlie track.
"Well, boys, what do you want?" one
ot the push shouted, as they approaches'  the camp.
Bill replied that they were miners,
dead broke, and ort the road, aiid
would like to pass the night around, the
fire, as they could not make a train
oui that nightJ
"All right, cullys," he shouted; "come
and Join the profesh, and when, the
mulligan is ready you can have some."
They were soon seated, and on Jack
looking around the charmed circle he
noticed -about ten men, all eagerly eying them. In the centre was a roaring fire, and resting on the glowing
coals a coal oil can, in which something was being cooked.
"Say, Bill, what did that guy mean
when he said we could have .-.ome ot
t'-.e .mulligan?"
"Give me something hard, cully,"
said Riley. "When a lot of us boys
meet together at night at one of our
camping places, we organize. , Some
so and pick up n. couple of stray
chickens or ducks; some borrow spuds
and vegetables, others bread. Then
wo clean thorn and throw them all in
the pan together, and boll to a stiff
paste. "When it is.ready, cool off, and
there's your mulligan'."
By this time the can had been taken
off the fire and the contents allowed
to cool. .Tack nearly lost control of
himself when a cabbage leaf was
handed to him and a sharpened twig.
He noticed that the others used The
cabbage leaf as a plate and the sharpened twig as a fork. Judge ot Jack's
surprise when he fished out of the can
first the leg of a chicken, then part of
a duck, and an aggregation ot vegetables. It was a veritable love feast.
Since that time many a farmer has
searched in vain for some of Ills stray
fowl, but without avail, for they have,
gone to satisfy the insatiable craving
of Jack for mulligans.
Cheapest Place
^ row
All Kinds of
•Special Attention Given loall
444 Westminster Avenue,
- (opp. City Hall)|
" Imperial
Service for the year 1900 will
be commenced on JUNE
JOTH. The "Imperial
Limited" takes you across
the Continent in four days
without change. It is a
solid vestibuled train, luxuriously equipped with every possible essential for
the comfort and convenience of Passengers. Ask
your friends who have
travelled on it, or address
A.U.I'. A. Ticket Agent,
Vancouver, li. C. -I2K Hustings St.,
Vancouver B. ,C.
C, I'.NTI.KMEN: I WMeli prohibited comp'nnles ; holding frsn-
iW  for ih. tlalrfl flrno  tn nfr»f mvaeif    ch,ises from the Province employing Mpn-
£_S^gSSa5.; |«r S=SSS
Mr.  Cotton  wns  not prepared to atoud
by the principles of the purty In conuec-
Wltn retard to thu Kind subsidy of the    _lu-,Tni! returning or tne resou
B-lltau  Columbia  Uthern  R»llwir Coui- | £■"*_* a8  ,,,,  n^for  tne_
!    10. The retaining of the resource* of tho
ssrjsrs: \pp= -™ s^n; i fS^S SftfiwSs
or.de  and  sat.sr.Con  to  tne    Z^Z^P^V^ i ££F SStS
Ftook in connection with tW   caucus on JW, the ^^«tE„7^
no right or power to Issue the grant. > 11. The  taking  of  active  measures   rot
No one can be more Impressed than 1 I'&•*   nysteinatlc   explorntl-in   of   the   l»|
am  with  the sucrcdncss of ,a contractual   ,•'""•_,,     '■ ■,'.••■ ,. .:,:'; ,-'   •« .•"__(■■
obligation. I quite admit that, no matter i 12. The borrowing of money for. the pn*-l
how Imoroper the action of the Leglsla- pose of providing roads, t.-alls and brMge»,t
ture may have been In granting to the provided ' that In every case the money
B. C Southern Hallway Company their necessary to pay the Interest and sinking!
land subsidy, still the province is bound fund In connection with the, loun ahull b«!
by luelr action, aud the only enquiry provided by additional taxation so as no*
that can be made la whether the railway , to Impair tbe credit of the Vrovlnce. v.
compuny have compiled, with the. condl- j 13, in' connection with the' construction
tlons imposed by the statute in question. ; of Government roads and trails, to provide.
If they have not done so, then It appears br the employment of competent civil eu-j
to me clear th«.t lt Is the duty of the Gov- glnecrs uud otherwise that the Govern-,
eminent to etunu by the rights ot the ' ment money\.ls expended, upon, some ,"*J"r
Province. > tern  which- will; be  advantageous' to' tn»
1 reported to the Government my opln-   general public, so that the old system of:
Ion that the conditions: of .the statute had    providing roads as a special .favor, to sup-
lo the campaign of 181)3 t announced
«r idbercuce to certain gencru) principles,
• ail jou did me the houor to choose ine
<• one of your representatives. Uluce
that "election I have consistently ndbtred
lo those principles and still stand by tlieiu.
When 1 nceepted oflice ns Attorney-Gen-
rral In Mr. Semlln's administration, you
were kind enough ugaln to return me by
.u'elumation. .
As a member of the Government, 1
tout an active part during the session ot
iSi>9 in placing upon tlie statute boot
K'Kislntlo ■ currying out, as far as lt went,
those principles. I feel quite safe in siiy-
lug that the work done by the Keinlin
Government and Its supporters durln_ that •
■eksion was eminently satisfactory to the
elvctors of this Province, whose votes
placed thnt Oovcrnmcnt In power. I look
back with pride and satisfaction to the
part which ■   ■    ■   ■ ....--
The mambers of the Government continued apparently to work together ln the ;
most harmonious manner until the Dead-I
nmu's Island dispute arose.. In' connection with tbat mutter you will rcmoinber
thnt 1 placed myself, In your handH. .».y
colleagues. Messrs. Macpuerson aud TIh-
dall also agreed to he guided in tuat dispute by the wishes of their constituents.
Mr. Cotton, on the other. uand, took a
firm stand against any settlement or arrangement of the mutter until the question of. the ownership of 'the land hud
bfeu decided by the courts. j
Toe very slight progress made Id the I
suit then Instituted shows thnt Ue Utlga- '
tlon would probably not be completed,for;
a  number  ot years.        0 :. !
This difference between Mr. Cotton and
niyBcIf produced some fr.ction In the Government, but,' apart from that dispute, I
never had the slightest Intimation from
Mr. Semlln or any of my other colleagues
of any dlssatisfuctton whatever with re-
.rd to my actions until the 1st day of:
Julv. 18!'», when Mr. Semlln -eremptoiily
ut».'d for my resignation, giving three
reasons, nil of wnich 1 can safely say
-vere regarded by the public at large as
f\i.r«mely. frivolous.. I refused to.resign .
ITud asked for a caucus of (-ovehmicnt
ti"-norte'rs to consider what should be
Cone under tlie circumstances.
u&st session it wus stated by Mr. Cotton, In tbe House, that I llud tacitly
in'reeu to be bo*iu*J by the decision of this
cu-icus, nnd snould huve continued to sup-
pi,n tbr Government when lite decision
wus against ine. This statemout is very
wioe Indeed from' the truth. Tlie g*cude-
u.eu who were present at the cuui'iih will
rcmfiuber that .1 stated uio.it distinctly
tlint ir the decision went against me I
could no longer support the Government
and would deem it my duty to take every
means in my power to bring about their
As the caucus, by a very slight majority. Bided with Mr. Semlln, I nt once tendered mv. resiguatiou, and announeod puo-
llclv that 1 must be rout'dered uu nppou-
cut of the Government.
Just prior to the meeting of the House,
yon will remember tnat 1 called n meeting of my supporters in the city of tail;
confer, and submitted my position _ to
thorn. 1 stated thnt It was ray Intention,
if possible, to dpfent the Government, witn
u view to bringing nbout a general election. I gnve mv reasons for this course,
uud also stated that lt my supporter- disagreed wltn my proposed actlou, I would
ni once resign and allow them to choose
a representative who would act lu accordance with their wishes. The meeting
was very large nnd representative, und a
resolution was passed without a dissentient voice, expressing entire approval of
my Intended opposition to' the Government.
I had already Informed members of the
Opposition In tbe House that, while my
principles were the snme ns they had
boen, and I had no sympathy with their
views upon political questions, still I and
a common object with them In wishing to
bring about the defeat of Mr. Semlln's
Government, and I had assured them that
If thty stood together 1 would be found
working harmoniously with them for tbat
parpoas only.
The csDitqaent defeat of Ue a«r*ra-
mtDt, and the Invitation of Bin Honor the
Lliottnant-QoTernor to mystlf to torn a
QoTsrnmsnt, are fresh In your minds. I
•cctpttd the task from BIb Honor upon
condition that I should be granted n dissolution of the present House; and, In accordance with this understanding, a general election will take place as soon as It
can conveniently be held.
It has been charged tbat my action In
opposing Mr. Semlln's Government, after
my  expulsion - from  It,   was    nctuated  by I
?etsonal feelings against Mr. Cotton,
here is no truth whatever In this suggestion. I hnve opposed and helped to*
dpfent Mr. Semlln's Government because
I believed that It no longer represented
the principles wbleh 1 bud espoused. |
It  must be  clear to everyone that  the I
frivolous reasons given by Mr. Semlln for
my   disinlssul   hud  behind   them   real   reasons   of   a   substantial   char.icter,   und   I
tlon with these two mutters, and for the
purpose of putting Into effect his views
wltn regard to them, saw clearly tbat It
was necessary to get rid of me.
With regara to the disallowance of the
Labor ltegulutlon Act, my contention was,
and still iB, thut the Provincial Legislature should at the curliest moment have
been brought together for the speclnl purpose of re-enacting this statute, In order
to   show   the   Dominion   Government   und.
the taw as lt stands. An Immediate •inquiry will be made by the Minister vf
Mines Into all grievances pot forward lav
connection with Its operation, with a view
of bringing about an amicable settlement.,
If no settlement Is reached the principle-
of the referendum will be applied una *;
vote taken nt the general election aa to*
whether the low shall be repealed. If thai
law In sustained by the vote It will be retained upon the statute book with Its pen-;
nlty clause. If modlllcnlloas can be mud*
removing any of tbe friction brought-.. ,
about, without Impairing tbe principle ot
the law, they will be adopted. If tbe totals agnlnst It the Inw will he repented.
0. To re-establish the London Agency of,
British   Columbia,  and  to  take every  er->
fectlvc menus of bringing before the Uric-
• h» "_."'int»~nr ih»~7r»"w"~Prfivliii-pa ibnt this I lBl1   public   the   advantage*   of   this   Pro-
^^Vl>u\a^Jrla^^tTc\X   *■«•. m« Pine..for the profltan* ^
»hi0 pMvinroi. meut or capital.
thlB Province.
not been compiled with; and au pees ted
tUat, rh the aiuouut Involved wus extreme*
lv, large, U would Le advltmbte to obtain
too: best iegiil opinions available. I was
ftutiiorlsed by thevGor6**ument to do so,
aud submitted the case to Mr. TT-i'*1,,ne,
Q.'C, of London, Engtund, and to Mcnsrs.
porters of the Government may be entii^1
ly discontinued. , .   ,
14. To keep the ordinary uurmal expenditure within the ordinary annual revenue.
In order to preserve -ntnet the credit or
the Province, which is its best asset.
IS.;To adopt it system of    Government
Ohnsjonher Robhr^ Q.C.. »* B £ «*> co^ructlou0'^,,. operutio^ of""rulhvu^
&.«tlw.is0fne.Klo0be agu^m?''^ SStSK^^S S£
teiuion   but he stated that he thought the    $ the Pruser nver   connecting the coa"
fnS  ^™,,r'V'0PV   ?.°rS   \"-   K2  0„       "'til    the  "I™t£,n" ^
fore the court.    Messrs. Koblnson und <)s-    „•„„„,„,„„.. thlU „■„.*„„ tlle'oth-er rallwuy*
now constructed lu tbe Province give fair
connections, nnd , make equltiible' Joint
freight und passenger arrangements, ■•>•'
Province will continue 'it'-* line to tha>
eastern bountlury of the l'roviuc». 1'rc--
per couneetion with such Kootenay rati-
H'nv to lie given to tbe Island of Vanrnii-
ver. With respect to other purtB of tbe>
I'rovtnce, to proceed to give to every portion ~of It railway rnunectlnn^at ns ,ear»T
a date as possible, tlie rallwuy when constructed to be operated by the Uov«fi»-
ment through a Commission.
10. A   railway  bridge  to be construct.-^
In cnnncetlon  with  the  Ivooteuny  railway
ncniss  tlie  Fraser river,  itt or  ue.ir  >»*»'
West minster,   nnd   running    powers  glvvn-
As soon as  I  had been got out of the ' over it to any  railway  company upp-vu^.
way,   nnd  before a  new  Attorney-Genera,    for the same, under proper conditions.
hud   been  upp.ilnted,   Mr.  Cotton  at   once i     17   ,„ t.useit |„ thought at any time no-,
proceeded   to  Ignore the above  considera- ■ Tlw    t      ,Vff  .,   ,     „  t0 nny   ralK-ay
tlons.-and Issued n crown grant for some ' ■■*■ ... .'  -_j ,
600.000 acres. Including about IM',000 acres
ler.4 on the contrary, gnve a very strong
opinion thnt my contention wus currect.
and  thnt the  Government  were not com-
ficlled,   even   u   they   were  permitted    to
ssue  the crown grunt under the ctrcum- (
It muv be tlint tholr opinion Is not cor
rect, but. my contention Is that, .n the
faee of tny opinion as Attorney-General,
bupported by lawyers of their eminence,
the ohlv course open to the Government— •
if lt wns to tie guided by the principles
which it was cunseu to represent—was to
refer the mutter to the courta and, after «
the highest court nf uppeul bad occided.
.let strietlv lu uecordancu with that decision.
of coal lnnds, which, I am Informed, nre
worth  many  millions of dollars.
With regard to the Mongolian labor
question, the Government reri»scd to adopt
vthe policy which I advocated, aud met the
House.without uny proposition us to a re-
cunctincnt  of  the disallowed  stutute.
The a'ctlou of the Government after I'
left It, with regard to the mutters referred
to  In  BIs-Uonor'B letter of .dismissal  of
rompuiiy, the same to be ln cash, and not.
by way of n land grunt; nnd no such-
bonus to lie grunted except upon the condition that a fair amount of the bonds or
shares nf tbe company lie transferrfd t«.
the I'rovluce, nnd effective means taken
to give the I'rovluce control of ilur
freight nnd passenger, rates, nnd,pv»vl»-n*.
made ngulnst such* railway having any
liabilities against It except act'iul c<»t. .
18. To tnkc nwny from the Lientijnarr;-
Governor-in-Counull    any  power  *>  nia.
Mr. Semlln. also affords strong proof tbat j subslnntlve chnnges lu tbe law, confl-juiv
I wns right In my opinion thnt I bad been
removed from the Government ln order to
enable Mr. Cotton to carry ont his reactionary Ideas, and practically nullify the
legislation which we had enacted In the
session ot 1809.
One of the,,most Important acta that
wub passed' in' 1800 was the Torrens Registry Act. Up to the time tbat I left
the Government actlv* preparations were
being made to bring this statute Into
force; bet evidently nothing whatever has
been done alnce, and apparently the Government had decided to nullify the action
of the Legislature by, neglecting to Issue
the necessary proclamation.
' Again* It was proposed by the Government after I left It to expend a asm of
about $100,000 ln purchasing from the
Canadian Pacific Railway Company the
land grant claimed, to have been earned
by .them In building the Columbia and
western Railway. In my opinion, tbls
proposition was entirely In tbe Interest
of the Railway Company, and overlooked
altogether the Interests of the people
the jurisdiction entirely to matter* of detail in working out the Inws enacted b>
the Legislature.
. 10."The establishment of .an. Inatttut"-.:
within the Province for the edncatta» oc
the Deaf and Dumb.
20. To repeal' the Allen Exelnlcn A<tv
as tbe rcuBons Justifying; Its enactment -J
longer obtain.
21. An amicable settlement of the **-
pate with the Dominion Government aa r»
Dtadman's Island,, Stanley Park nnd otht-c
lands, and an arrangement with Mr. Lad
Sate, by which, If possible, n sawmill tn~
nstry may be established and! carried tm
on Deadman's Island, under, satisfactory
conditions, protecting the interests of tkar
22. Proper means of giving technical Ism
Btrnctlon to   miners and prospector*.
Torrens Registry system.
„..„„   ...   _       - „.,   -        S. The Redistribution of the constitucn-
think thnt subsequent events huve buowh'  cles on  tbe bnsls of population,  allowing
In appealing to you as the Premier of
the Province, I beg to lay before you tbe
platform* of the new Government as foi-
T;r..e abolition of the ,200 deposit for   JM^or "/ ^"udopted nel?h.r.
candidates for the Legislature. , gut n»h«--d for dcliv, and took up the tlm-
**. The bringing Into  force,  as  soon  as ' granted  to  him  In  endeavoring  to entjr
nrrangenients   can   be   completed,   of   the | fnto' most   vicious   nnd     dishonorable  *—
In connection with recent events, _ ._
criticism has been directed against Bias
Honor the Lieutenant-Governor. It la mj(
duty to tnke the responsibility lor Hla>
Hbnor's action, and I have not the allght-
est hesitancy In so doing. ,
The    Legislative   Assembly  deliberate.!*-1
voted  want of confidence In Mr. Bern! i'ar
Government. There were.only two coulee*
Semlln: either to ask'for fc.
waat these reasons ^wcre,
I attribute Mr. Semlln's action, not to
bis own de. he, lint to Mr. Cotton. I mil
BntlsOed that In his heart Mr. Cotton did
not ugrce with the thorough manner In
whlcli the Government uud the House
curried out their pledges in the session of
IS'I'I: nnd he knew .full well that as long
ns 1 rciiiuiued n niemtier of the Governuieut. similar aetlon would be taken with
regard to every question tbat came before
lt. «
At the time tliut the trouble occurred
there   were   two   mutters  of   vital   liupur- .
tnnee to tills I'rovluce pending before the    this Province.
to sparsely . populated districts a proportionated larger represeuiutlou tb.au to
populous districts and cities.
4. The enactment of an nccurate svstem
of Government scaling of logs, nu'd Its
rigid  enforcement.
C. Tbe" re-enactment of .the disallowed
Labor .Regulation Act, 1808,'and also ail
the statutcs'of 1800. containing anti-Mongolian clauses If disallowed as proposed
by  the  Dominion  Governuieut.
rangements with -the member*, of tk»
House who hud been elected' .to oppose-
him, and who had consistently opposed
him nntll the defeat was brought •OOB^'
aud whose principles were directly c»- •
posed to his.
No precedent exists In connection wlttk.
the working of British representative' Institutions where In a case of that' kind, a
ministry, has been allowed to hold power
by menns of votes - thus obtained: and
when Mr. Semlln nnnounced to Ilia Honor that he would be iible to obtain a vote-
of contldence from the House, the only
course opcii to Ills Honor wns that adopt-
0. To, take a  llrm stnnd  In every other    £., uy h(m, 0f dismissing his adviser*
possible way with a view of discouraging       In ,„iaitlou to tne above lt appears f
L S     °(   0rleuml   ^"P   '■"■«   "■} Hln So"."","letter of dismissal that tl
Government, ns to wbleh, the course to
be' .adopted was clearly pointed out by
reference to the principles which It was
supposed to represent.
These  matters were, first, the disallow
ance" of the Labor" Regulation Act,  lSiW,    the Government' will" continue "to ehforJ*
7. To   provide   for official   Inspection   of
all buildings,  machinery and  works,  with
a view to compelling the adoption of proper safeguards to life and health.
-. 8.Y _ __ rcgnrd_to _the.._Klght:hoiir_ Law_
^    _ t*tCTtt
were"ui*nple reasons for that course, •■*•
tlrely apart from the vote of want of co»-
fldenec In the House. ,        ■
I have the honor to bc_gentlemenv»ii_k
obedient Bervant,
Shring Has Come I
Your Babies
14 Cordova St.
WHY I1UY factory-made shoes that arc little
better than paper, when you cuu have n
pair of
Custom-made for $3.50
Ready-made or made to lit your foot,
010 Pcnder.St., between Richards and Seymour.
Bomo men ore well clothed from one
point of view, but .you see thero at an-
other angle, und their clothes are full of
wrinkles, and crudity speaks in all lines.
OUR CUSfrofttERS so that "back, front
or side view Is equally correct' and elegant.
iao Cordova Street;    -
Electric Light
Is now wilhln the rcBCh of everybody.
Prices have lately been reduced, uml thu
li. C. Kluctrle Itnllway Company havo
tlielr llneSHllover tho city. Do not delay, but install nnd use tiik Only Lioht,
wlilch Is absolutely
Safe, Clean aiid
If carefully looked, after it Is cheaper
than dial nil, aud, oh 1 whnt a dlSorenee
in the evening.  Apply for rates at the
Company's Office,
Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts»
y'i SATURDAY..  .. JUNE 2, 1000  THE INDEPENDENT '  -������������I  )  J  "if  5  (,  Good  Groceries  oeeecccceeoeo  g YOU MUST HAVE^>  o  o  o  oaoasoao'i'saoo  Low  Price*  You know and the purer, the higher in quality  they are the better for you. None but the very  highest class of provisions is obtainable here.  Quality is always first; price receives groat  care and close attention; 'tis always; in fact,  the lowest that the sale of absolutely pure  ���goods will warrant, but quality is paramount.  ���r-Uuvly this is of interest to you. And we  should like to have your order1; Ave will send  .to your home for it if you so desire.    May we?  "W. M. Barbour, shoes - 4 00  C. D. Morgan, box of cigars  2 00.  J. Adams, shoes  A 00  Ramsay Bros., candies  2 00  R. A. Townley, mirror  5 00  A,  Wagner,  razor    150  C. Harris, "box of cigars  2 OO  David Lew & Co., two prizes.  Donaldson & Mathews, hat..  Johnston  &  Kcrfoot,  (roods..  Jas. Rae, boots  .  Edgett  & Co.,  goodn   Dan.  Stewart,  fancy vest   I. Herman, goods..#   Bailey  Bros.,  goods   "W.  L.   Boult,  pipe   Prompt   ��  HUDSON'S BAY  Delivery  u  c**  o  ���Qranvi.le St.  r-*3S3dO39O0a90  ft  o  g Courteous  o  g Attention  o  u  STREET RAILWAY MI'S  PICSVICUID SPORTS  The second' annual picnic audi sports  of t/he Vancouver Street Railway men  will   be   lield at   New Westminster on  the 13th Inst.    The following energetic  committee  are  making  elaborate    arrangements to ensure the affair being  a grand success:    Messrs. Prince Perry-  (chairman),   B.   A.   Snyder   (secretary),  D.  C.  Harrison,   A.   Ross,    H.  Thomas, G. Lemfesty, G. Beach and J.  Barton.    Tilie Street   Railway   men's  outlnir takes on more of tho nature of  a celebration than of a picnic, consiht-  3ng, as it does, of sports- of every description, including foot-races, hammer  throwing,  putting    the shot,  lacrosse,  basebal audi football matches, tmgs-of-  war, aunt sallies, and every conceiv-  .able kind 'or  fun.     The wily carmen,  .too, intend holding out special inducements lo phe ladles; several foot-races  ot different  descriptions are to be set  .aside ifor their special benefit, besides  the inevitable baby  show.     The boys  offer a brand new five-dollar gold'ploce  to.the person who Is able Lo parade the  largest   family   at   the   picnic.     Children's races will also be a special feature of tlie day.     The lnugural picnic  of t'he Street -Railway Men's union' was  held last year, at Judge Bob's ranch  on  the north arm  of the inlet.     The  .alftilr was a. huge success, nearly one  thousand  people  taking advantage of  the  occasion  lo  s'how  their-good-will  towards thetboys.    Everything in cor.-  iieotlon with the affair was conducted  In a right royal manner, and as a consequence 'hundreds of people *!ii Vancouver look back to the Street Railway  men's  picnic  ;is'  the very   best  day's  -outing iliey ever had.     _hls year the  boys  intend    to    surpass    themselves.  New Westminster was the spot chosen,  because tihe facilities for transporting  the picnickers are perfect.     Cars' can  be run every half hour if necessary,  iinrt u ride on the new palace cars of  the lt. C.   Electric  Railway Company  through  the  forest glades from Van-  -couver to New Westminster la an ex-  iierii'iice   that  can   never  be    defined.  "Mr. J. Kuntzen,  tlhe general manager  of the company,   believes in  his men  .liav.ng a holiday at least once a year.  Liist year, lie cut down' the service as  much ns possible, besides doing everything in bis power to make the picnic  the success it was.    He has again as-  .sured the committee of his sympathy  and has promised- to do everything in  Ills power lo help them.    A 50-cent return fare has been arranged.    This in-  .eludes admission  to' tlhe Tail- grounds,  where the sports are to take place.  niinmVs .Hand will 'be ln attendance,  .and the committee are endeavoring to  arr.ingc fur a dance in the evening. A  full list nf the programme of sports  will unuenr in our next week's Issue.  'The street railway men are very popular among the people of this city. A  Sliince at the list of the donators will  demonstrate that fact. It Is very safe,  then, to say* t'hat the holiday of the  year will be the 13th of June, tlhe anniversary of tlie baptismal fire of Vancouver City. Following is a parti.il  list of those contributing to the funds,  the balance of whlcih will be published  in our next issue:  B. C. lClecliic. Railway Co $50 00  _ J.JHi iitxeii..._-._.._.._.. ��� __���__���_  James C'nrdi-n   Aid. R. Grant   Col. Tracy   'W. II. Gallagher   <\. Raid win  I0_00  5 00  2 00  2 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  r> oo  fi 00  2 00  2 00  2 00  10 00  G 00  5 00  1 00  1 00  1 00  F. W. Houltbee   H. J. Kraii'dln   W. Cowderoy   11. D. Gilninur   Aid.  "Mcg.ui--.-n > ..  R. Macplierson   W. J. Bowser   'Haywood .t Preseott   Quann Bros ....  Tlie Independent   W. C.   Nlclinl   J\. G. Dunn ."   J. I.awsnn   Brown's Shoe Factory   "World Publishing Co    G00  Mr. Sutherland1    100  A. Murrny    1 00  J!. B. Keith        GO  A. 10. nlaekburn    100  T.  U.   Hoyd    100  Mr. McDonald .-_        GO  Armstrong & Morrison.....    2 50  C.  B.   Mtiiiity.'.'    ���"> 00  -J. Caron ������    3 00  J. Decker    3 50  F.   Fllion    2 00  Hotel .Met ropole     GOO  II. T-i. Johnson'& Co 100  A Friend    100  S. Cunningham '   1 GO  Mnokay, Smith & Co...'.    100  .S. Greenshlelds, Son & Co    3 00  D.   F.   Douglas          GO  A. M. Beattle  '2 00  U Springer    1 00  The .Savoy     5 00  J-C. & S    1 00  Center & Hanna     2 50  XV. H. Armstrong    5 00  Oyster Bay      2 00  Tomilnson & Macnab    2 00  W. .Marshall    100  Mr. Caselmau    100  Campbell Sweeny-    5 00  A. Jukes    5 00  Canadian Bank of Commerce....   5 00  Molson-'s Bank    3 00.  Merchants' Bank of Halifax    5 00  Bank of Hamilton'    2 00  R.H.Alexander    2 00  Tail's Mill      2 00  Mr.   Slvart .'    2 00  Robertson & Hackett    2 00  Van.  Sash & Door Factory    2 00  Mr.   Tupper ,       GO  A  Friend '       GO  J.  Leckie    2 00  Rossington & Jackson        GO  Friend       50  Osborne Punkett    2 00  Robertson Bros     100  S.   Blacksoni      100  Iceland Hotel  .-    100  Special prize for the largest family on picnic ground,  given by  J.   J.  Banflnld    GOO  Mackenzie & Urquiliart      100  Bank of B. N. A    2 00  Mahon, McFarlandt & Mahon      2 50  R.  Hougate      .100  A. Nesbltt. .100  Capt. Gardner-Johnson    fi 00  Crawford & Stuart     G 00  R.  Jameson. ���    2 00  Western Cartage Co."    2 00  C. S.   Douglas       100  R. Anderson     1 00  F. Carter-Cotton     GOO  B. A.  Morris   ....'    2 50  Lnrson.  tailor     2 00  1C.  I!. Morgan     2 50  Kobi.  Ward & Co '..    2 50  D. S. Wallbrldge     1 00  Frederick Bttscombc    2 50  J.  J.. Godfrey    2 30  Russell & Russell      2 00  Friend       1 00  J.  Sparrow      2 50  Aid. Wood     2 00  W.   H.   May   ..; :     2 00  J. M. Barker     100  Ross & Howard      3 00  Drs. McGulre & Duff    2 00  P.   Larson       2'10  XV. & B     2 00  XV.  McGlrr      2 00  H. G. Walker     3 00  .Mil.  D.   McPhaiden       GOO  C. A.  XV :.   1 00  .1. .Miller     2 00  A.   Macgowaiv       2 00  A. H. Wallbridge  1.00  S. Rankin  <    1 00  Friend    ���     50  Evans, Coleman & iKvnns .........   3 00  International Ice & Storage Co...   5 00  V. li. Stephens, value    1 50  Armstrong & Williams        50  City Grocery Co.,  value    2 50  Horner & Myles, lady's umbrella..   2 00  Lewis & Sills, silver bon-bon dish   -  Foreman & Sons, pair boots    2 50  li. G. lluchnnun & Co., value.....   2 00  W. G. Harvey, parasol      3 00  J. S. iMcLeod. goods, two prizes..   G 00  J. H. Travelbea, box cigars    3 50  11.  Clark,  goods      2 GO  City Hole!,  box cigars       3 50  McTaggart  &   Mosct'op,   razor     2 50  Win.  Goldstein, chain    3 00  Thos.  Dunn  &  Co.,  carvers     '00  G. L.   Allan,   slippers    2 50  Stark's Glasgow House, value    2 50  P. Burns & Co.. roast of beef    2 00  Central Hotel, box cigars    5 00  Ainiy_&_Navj-_Cigar_Sti>re,_box   of cigars    4 00  Toronto Candy Co.,  box  candy..   1 00  Nelson  Drug  Co.,   value    5 00  C.   Hach.   lamp..   ..���    175  XV, Murphy, 2 1-2 yards cloth....   3 00  Simons & Co., piece of cloth    5 00  A.   Peterson,   chain'    3 00  Ktraub, pair clippers    3 30  00  3 00  G 00  5 00  2 50  il 00  2 GO  2 GO  ' 00  Davidson Bros.,  medal    5 00  Kurtz  &  Co.,   box  cigars    3 30  T. C. Bishop, picture    2 00  Clu'bb & Stewart,  goods *....   3 00  F. J.   Rodney,   prize    2 30  Kelly, Douglns & Co., box cigars   5 00  Edwards Bros., views of C.P.R...   4 00  G. Drysdale, lady's umbrella..  ..   2 00  Porter & Co.,  roast of bcof    1 00  McLennan, McFelly & Co., prize..   5 00  Armstrong. Jewelery goods    1 50  London Loan Co., lady's blouse..   1 00  Layllold  &  Co.,   parasol    GOO  G. Moore,  box of cigars    3 50  Lyttleton, blackguard    2 00  A. E. Lees & Co.,  hat    3 00  B. Galloway, good's    100  J. N. Boult, .two boxes of cigars..   4 00  Anderson's Grocery, goods    1 00  Webster Bros.,  5  lbs.   tea    2 50  Webster Bros., goods    2 50  Mr. Marshal, one oak table    4 00  A. Mowat, box of cigars -..   3 50  J. C. Woodrow, roast ot beef    1 00  R.   'Robertson,   hat '....   2 50  Page  Ponsford. Bros,   hat    3 50  W. B. Saunders, goods    G 00  E. E.  Kllby, goods ,..   GOO  J.   A.   Pyke,   goods '.    3 00  Mortlmore Bros., goods    G GO  Sandell  Shirr Co.,  hat    3 00  C. E.  Tisdall,  one knife    2 23  J. G. Wood, value    G 00  J. K. Davis, wall paper;    2 GO  T. H. Williams, roast of beef....   1 00  H.  Urquhart,  box of cigars    2 GO  R. Mills, shoes    3 00  Geo. Clements, elotlh for pants   E. W. Richards, box of cigars    3 00  Weeks '& Robson, box of cigars..  Shelton & Co., goods    150  Dyke & Evans,  goods    GOO  John Peek  Co., lumibreUa   Ames, Holden & Co., slippers....  Brackman' & Ker,    Milling    Co.,  sack rolled! oats   Oppenhelmer Bros.,  Ltd., box of  oigars     DEMISE OF A YOUNG MAN.  Woodward.���At 620 Westminster ave-  ���nue, on May 24. 1!)00, John Nainby  Woodward, aged 20, son of Charles  Woodward,  Esq.  The funeral was held on Saturday  afternoon last, from the 'family residence, Westminster avenue, at which  there was a very large attendance.  The deceased, a well and favorably  known young -man, was an active  mem'ber of L. O. L��� 1560, by which  body. the obsequies were conducted.  Being extremely tailented in many  ways a.nd active, "Jack," as he was  known by his intimate 'friends, had a  bright and promising career before  him, both as a future public man and  good citizen. The floral tributes sent  jn by a legion of-friends and the family, testified In no small measure to his  popularity. The immediate cause of  the demise was consumption. The  Rev. R.. G. MacBeth, of the First  church, 'officiated as clergyman. The  ���pall-bearers 'were Messrs., .1. Knowl-  ton, G. oW. Little, A. McAlplne. G. A.  Dickie, H. S. Taylor and J. S. House.  .1. White, half doz. cabinet photos 2 00  ���Savard, half doz. large cabinet  2 50  Koran & Frost, tea  100  McDowell, Atkins.  Watson, goods 5 00  J. A.  L. McAlplne. goods   2 50  Ufford, one watch  fob  4 00  J. 1*. Turner,  box of cigars  2 50  W. Rralil & Co., box or cigars.... 3 50  Caple & Co., goods  2 50  Knowdell  &.  Hodgson,   lump..   .. 7 50  Gold Senl Liquor Co., box olgars. 3 50  Padmore, box of cigars   2 30  G.  S.  Mason, goods   2 00  George'E. Troroy, goods  5 00  John IReed, goodH    100  Thompson's Studio, value   4 00  Van. Bottling Works, value  12 50  Wm. 'Ralph, goods  2 50  Scott & Kennedy, goods  5 00  G. B. Cuthbertson & Co,, goods.. 3 00  Clarke & Stewart, goods  5 00  Scougale Bros., goodfe   5 00  Rod Campbell,  boots  2 GO  Boult's'Music Store, phonograph.. 10 00  W. H. B. 'Anderson, goods..-  3 00  C. Woodward & Co.,'boots  3 00  J. W. Cole, groceries.'.  2 00  W. J. Taggart, box of cigars.... 3 00  J. W. Morrow   FROM GREAT BRITAIN.  ��� The operative spinners at Messrs.  George Mayall & Sons' mills, at Moss-  ley, on Ashton-under-Lyne, came out  on strike in consequence ot non-payment for'bad work. The firm is the  largest in the kingdom, and 100 spindles and 1,000 workpeople are stopped.  At the Royal Dockyard. Woolwich,  last week, the cylinder of a hydraulic  lift burst, with the result that five  workmen were precipitated 40 feet to  the ground below. All were jserlously  Injured, nnd one, named Arthur Push,  has already succumbed.  At Tunbrldge Wells police court recently, Madame De Voil, a palmist,  was llne'd 20s. and 22s. Od. costs for exercising her art to deceive al a trades  exhibition. Defendant denied that she  told fortunes; all she did was to tell  characters.  John Monies. 16, rag find bone collector, of 59 Mayes road. Wood Green,  was remanded at Hlghgate, London,  recently, on the charge of receiving old  Iron that had been stolen. His mother  asked, to be allowed to be bail for him,  remarking, "He's my twentieth son."  She Is the mother of 25 children. Mr.  Barfield~accepted-her as -surety:���1   Several of the octogenarians recently  pensioned by the Welsh Board of Management of the Miners' Provident Fund  are still tolling In the coal mines. Dy-*  ing "In harness" is the lot of most of  the aeed coal-hewers.  The leader of the House of Commons,  In a recent letter, said: "For many  years the sum provided annually for  British secret service money has been  ��30,000. For tlle present year, hegln-  Ing April 1st, the amount which Parliament will be asked to provide Is  iCG.OOO. The last authentic figures of  the Transvaal secret service expenditure Is no less than I*JI,S:I7 In 1896."  There lire 12,000 barmaids In London,  who work from 7 n.m. to midnight at  nn average wage of $2.50 per week.  "Tho Parliamentary system <xf the  Mother Land adopted ln tho Dominion  of Canada and Provinces thereof by the  British North America Act, when properly carried out, is opposed to faction  nnd serves to safeguard national interests.  Political parties with party organisation  represent tho cardinal principles of liritish Government and tend to suppress  divisions, conspiracies und confusion in  the State.  The distinctive features of tho Llbcrul-  Conservalivo party In Canada have been  essentially���  Country.  1. Loyalty to Queen nnd faith in  Country.  2. Faith In the people. *  3. Equnl civil nnd religious lfberty.  4. Government according to tho principles and precedents under tho British  Constitution, including (a) Parliamentary control of public expenditure, (b)  The responsibility of Government to  Parliament, (c) The utmost good faith  enforced as between Government and  the public touching all executive and  legislative acts to persevere public credit  and the good name ot our country.  5. The improvement and betterment of  the condition of the wnge-earnin_ classes.  6. The encouragement by tho State  of "the introduction and investment ot  capital in the country.  7. Active State aid in: (a) The development of transportation facilities by sea.  and land, (b) The advancement of agriculture and of the natural resources of  the country, (c) The improvement of education.  With such principles the record of the  Liberal-Conservative party in Canada  since 1867, among other things, is notable  for the following:  Tlie consolidation and union ot the provinces and territories of British North Am-  relca.  The maintenance of British connection.  An Inter-oceanic and transcontinental  railway.  A network of railways over Canada.  An independent national canal system  ccnnccting the middlo of the Continent  with the Atlantic Ocean.  The development and protection of  Canadian and Industrial life.  Tho establishment of steamship communication with foreign countries.  Tho establishment of experimental  farms and the introduction of eold storage.  Increased allowances for tho Militia and  the formation of permanent corps.  Tho cstabl'slitncnt of a Government  cast telegraph system.  Tho construction of dry-do*ks at Quebec, Esquimau and Kingston.  Tho establishment of a fishery protection service.  Under these circunistanres, at the first  Crnventlon ot the Libcral-Conaervntlvo  Union for British Columbia, the following resolution was unanimously adopted:  'Resolved, that in the opinion uf this  Convention lt Is desirable that the Liberal-Conservative party should, us a party  tnko purt in Provincial elections for the  purpose of ensuring the Government and  Legislation ot tills Province on Liberal-  Conservative principles, und in order to  carry this into ctfeel "at the next general  election for the Province" that candidates be invited to stand for such constituencies as aro likely to return Lil>-  cial-Conscrv.itive members, pledged primarily to support a Liberal-Conservailvc  Government ns disilngulklicd from a Government of Liberals or partly ot Liberal-  Conservatives and partly of Liberals, n;id  that a platform or statement of principles, applicable to local politics, be  drawn up.'  For the purpose of enforcing tho cardinal principles of the Liberal-Conservative .party lh the local Government at  British Columbia, wo have the honor to  recommend the affirmation and approval  of the foregoing outline thereof so far as  applicable to local affairs, and in addition, to pledge this Convention, and the  members of the Liberal-Conservative party  who support it, to the following programme for the Province of British Columbia.  That true ito the maxim of our party, 'by  the party, with the party, but for the  country,' tho Interests of British Columbia shall foe paramount, regardless of  tho political complexion of tho Federal  Cabinet.  It is proposed���  To revise the voters' lists.  To actively aid in tho construction of  trails throughout the undeveloped portion of the Province, and the building of  Provincial trunk roads of public necessity.  To provide for the official inspection  of elevators and hoisting gear.  To improve the admission of justice and  secure the speedy disposition of legal disputes.  To provide 'an effective system for the  settlement .of disputes 'between capital and  labor.  To adopt the principle of Government  ownership of railways. In so far as the  l Bit ill  circumstances of tbe Province will admit, and the adoption of the principle  that no bonus should be granted to any  railway company which does not give  tlie Government of the Province the control of rates over lines bonused, together  with the option ot purchase.  To assume control and administration,  of tho fisheries withia the boundaries ot  tho Province.  To aotively assist by St.ito aid In th��  dcvelojanent of the agricultural resources  of the Province.  To make the London Agency of Brltishi  Columbia effective In proclaiming the natural wealth of the Province, and as a  place for profitable investment of capital,  ln the interests of labor the Llbural-  Conservatlvo party sympathises with, and  endorses the principle of an Eight-Hour  Law.  To provide an Improved system of edu- *  en tion.  To reoognise and reform the systom of  Provincial aid to medical men and hospitals in outlying parts of the Province.  To actively support the advancement  ot>the mining interests of British Columbia.  To aid in the immigration of fcanal*  domestic- servants.  We regrot to learn that the Government of Canada does not intend to assist  in sending and maintaining a volunteer '.  military contingent to South Africa to cooperate with the forces of the Mother  Land and Sister Colonies in protecting' '  tho rights of British subjects.  That this Union desires to congratulate the Hon. Sir Charles Tupper, Bar*.���  on his able and vigorous leadership during the past session and trusts thnt he may-  long be spared to occupy the high position he now holds, and we hereby pledge  anew our confidence in him and in th�� k  causo that he has so ably represented.'  and that this resolution be telegraphed to.  him.  (This resolution was passed'by a. stand-  ins vote, three rousing cheers and' a tiger-  being given for Sir Charles Tupper,.Bart.>.  This Convention views with alarm the��-r  Introduction of large numbers of indigent  aliens Into the Dominion to competst  with our own people in the field of labor, and regrets that the Federal Administration has failed to introduce the legislation respecting Chinese immigration  pledgod tO'thc people of this Province by  the present Prime Minisfr of Canada."  The whole of the above resolution*  were then read and the motion to adopt  was unanimously carried, amidst tho  greatest  enthusiasm.  A platform for workingmen, supported by those who aro honest in their  intention to curry it out.  Vote for the Liberal-Conservatives:  , 0. C, life f. Ma 1.  u  AMERICAN  FEDERATION  OF LABOR platform:.  THE QUEEN'S CHOCA LATE.  Our man nroum" towni had a tuste  of It to-day. The box audi part of its  contents wore sent home by IT. XT. Bon-  ���ncr. of Ihe Hist Canadian contingent to  his mother. The box wns wrapped In  a Boer Hag. from Bleomfontein, also  a Boer hniKlkerchieC'trom Panrdcherg,  which Is pierced' by a Bullet. The box,  flag and .handkerchief are on view at  R. Campbell & Son's shoe* store, Hastings street.  VOTE FOR DIXON AND WILLIAMS, ' INDEPENDENT LIAJ30R  CANDIDATES. J{  11.   Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the initiative and referendum.  3. A legal work day ot not moreMhan  eight hours.  4.' Sanitary Inspection.of workshop,  mine and home.   .,  G. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.  6. The, abolition of the contract system in all public works.  7. The abolition of the sweating system.  8. The municipal ownership of street  cars, waterworks,- gas. and electric  plants for the public distribution of  light, heat and power.  9. The nationalization of the telegraph, telephone, railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substitution therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen incorporated ln the federal and  state laws of the United States.  12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the people.  Vancouver's Most        ^  Fashionable Tailor     ^  A. MURRAY,  442   ^>    'Westminster Ave.  CITY WOOD YARD  1*011 Aid, KINDS Ol''        ���e  Stovewood  0��  IIAltltlS STREET WII.MtK.  II. K'LIiY,  TKI.  Prop.  Street Railway Men's  June 13, 1900  AT QUEEN'S PARK. NEAT  WESTMINSTER.  Foot races of every description, hammer throwing, putting the shot, ladles'  i aces, lacrosse, baseball and football  matches; a five-dollar gold piece will  be given to the largest family at the  picnic.  Fare ifor the round trip, Including  admission to the grounds, 30 cents.  Committee���P. Perry (chairman), E.  A. Snyder (secretary), D. C. Harrison,  A. Ross. H. Thomas, G. Lenfcsty, G.  Beach, j. Barton.  PACKARD SHOE and the . ..  name alone implies the best there is in Shoes. . . .  PACKARII SHOES have for years been pre-eminently  the distinct leaders ii/the United States, and in introducing them we feel as though they were not an  experiment, but in quality the BEST SHOE mania  faetured. "Wc have them in all styles and leather"  at $5.00 jier Mr.   ^ ^j||_[_��   ift Cordova"  Don't Waste  Your Time and Strength.   Buy  The Peerless  ee  ���0  You can freeze lee Cream in the short timo  of three minutes.    Sold only by  Thos. Dunn ��> Co.,  (I.IMITKD.)  S, 10.12 Cordova Street, nml S, 10  Wilier Street, Vancouver.  Kraiil Street, Atlln, B.C.  Election Card  Vote f or^^  , o. t,  IU  Qov't Candidates  Read Their Platform  . . M.llIKs .1 Hl'ltCUI.TV OK . .  o    Dee's soeciQi Liqueur, oiso ��� -  ��    usiier's Black LoDei.Lidueur wniskir  -LAKGE STOCK OK-  IMI'OltKTKI) ANI* DO.MHSTIC  . Cigars.  Quas.\ Bitos.,    -   -     Props.  Cor.NKii Cordova and Cabrau..  VOTE FOR"  DIXON. AND  WILUAM&* ��  THE INI)EPEOT)ENT.  ,BATTJBDAT�� ,�� ., '"��_ ��� "TUNE 2, 1900>  "The rate for classified advertisements is  ���one cent a word, but no nd. will be in-  fierted for loss tlhan 23 ��ents.  Union Directory.  "^VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vicer  president, J. H. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, p. O. box If'!*;' financial secretary, F. Williams; treasurer, C. R.  Monde; statistician, TV*. MacL/uin; ser-  geaut-at-arms, XV. Davis. Parliamentary  con mlttee���Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J. Morton. Meeting���First and  third Friday in-each month, at 7.30 p. m.,  in Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  Hcmer streets.  VANCOU'K TYPOGRAPHlCAl-i UNION,  No. 226,. meets the last Sunday in each  month at Union hall. President. E. I*.  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. Marshall;  secretary. J. F. "Watkins; P. O. box CO;  treasurer, XV. Brand: set'Kcanl-at-nrms,  Guss J. Dunn; .executive committee���  Chiilrman, J. C. Marshall: Geo. Wilby,  C. S. Campbell, G. T. Dutton, W. Ami-  Btroni,'. Delenatis to the Trades and Labor council. .1. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.  "WttlOKT ltAILAVAY MKN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Saturday of  <-:ieh month, iu Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Ilastlnss Street  ut S p. in. President, J. Barton: vice-president,' E. A, Snyder; secretary, It. O.  Thomas: treasurer. J. JenUinson: conduc-  ���tor, A. Ross; warden, A. Russell; sentinel.  G. Lenfesty; delegates to Trades and Uib-  or council: John Pearey, J. Barton, R.  Uruiit, A. O. Perry, J. W. Paxman.  Meetings.  _"*. 6. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE'NO. (i,  P. O. 15., meets every Thursday nig-lit.  "Visitins members welcome. 11. W. Find-  3ey, W. P., Province olllco; S. B. Robb,  TV.   S., World  oflice.  ��' o.~o~i���7xi. u.-ix>YAi. thinf;i"x>i*  EVER lodge, No. 73M, imcets every i-ec-  ond and fourth Tuesday in tlie month in  tlle hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. G.; P.. W.  Cartridge, secretary.  To Let.  TO 3jI3T���ROOMS FOR LIGHT 1IOUSH-  K.EBPI'NG;   well   furnished   and   clean  suites of two rooms $0 and 5S per month.  Apply room 13, 220 Keefer Street.  M'O       RENT���LARGE       STORK���WITH  dwelling and  stabling- In., rear,  No.  !>10  Westminster avenue, opposile Streetcar  Sheds. Apply Geo. Wagg, Water street.  Real Estate.  i:ir-  REAL ESTATE SNAPS.  LOT ON     THIRTEENTH     AVENUE"  Near Manitoba���only $110: this is a I  Gain.''I*. Mathews, -117 Hastings Streot  LOT  ON   MELVILLE   STREET���NEAT:  Bute, 33 feet; nice situation; only -*57o.  1'.   Mathews,   '17  Hastings  Street.  could not make any promises, except  to talk the .matter over with a committee after the election. He ought  not to be asked to say anything that  could'Jbe construed into a bribe to tls  workmen. Mr. Dunsmulr spoke feelingly upon the relations which he  thought ought to exist between an employer and his employees, saying that  lie believed they should talk together,  and so arrive at an understanding of  each other's wishes and necessities.  He would always be glad to have those  in his employ come to him and talk  over their affairs and would endeavor  to meet them In all reasonable ways.  At the rinse of the meeting he rose to  propose n veto of thanks to the Chairman, and after doing so said: "If  any of ymi think that "Mr. KntlclilTc  is better i|uulllled to represent you  than 1 am, you ought to vnte for him:  but if you think 1 ��i;i serve you better than he can, I want you to vote  for me. and if I am elected T will do  everything In my power to promote :h*:  interests nf this district and the Province generally."  The  Rossland  ".Miner," in commenting on Mi-. Duiisniuir's change of heart,  "If Mr. Dtinsniuir carries out his  promise, it will mark the beginning of  a new era of prosperity for Vancouver  Island. The Chinese miners send or!  take their money to China, while the  white miners spend or keep their wages  In tho country, to the gi-eat benefit  thereof. Mr. Dunsmulr employs a  large number ol" men, and Is about to  open up other coal properties, and soon'  he should have 5,000 while men at work  in his enterprises. The change of  heart experienced by 31 r. Dunsmulr  may, therefore, be one of the most im-  portnnt incidents that lias occurred in  this Province for a long period, and its  effects will be great and far-reaching.  With his objection to anti-Chinese and  anti-Japanese legislation removed, it  is very probable that the way mav  be cleared for effective exclusion laws  against these very undesirable. Immigrants. This is a consummation j -.est  devoutly to be wished."  "DIRECT LEGISLATION.  by  Direct   Legislation���Law-making  the voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The Referendum���The vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, if petitioned for by a percentage of the voters, or any law passed by a legislative body.  Proportional Kepresentation--A plan  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice of the voters ln proportion  to their numerical strength.  The Imperative Mandate���Tlie right  to vote out of oflice through the Initiative and Referendum any otlicial who  falls to perform his duty.  WHOSE  CLOTHES .ARE  YOU WEARING ?  IF you're wear-  ���������'���  ing Clements'  Made you've got the  lx-st obtainable   "Warm weather Is upon us. Now  Is the time to loot out for a lirst-elass  linker, who makes good and wholesome broad. The Superior Bakery  nils the bill completely. Free delivery  in any part of the city. Tel. 100. Decker! & Telf/.e, proprietors, corner Duf-  erin and Fifth avenue.  VOTK FOR DIXON AND WIL-  l-'AMS. INDEPENDENT LAT'OK  CANDIDATES.  Kodaks  All the new styles  at Maxuka'-tukei*1*!'  Pkk'ks, from $3.50  up. Rend for catalogue of photograpic  supplies.  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  Ymf-i'i1 pit tlie pMipi'r cloth, tin*  n-i-m-t >t\lc. ii pur fed tit, nnd  11.11.I.- Ity [APIRF UNION MtCHAMCS.  Iln-u-y-iiii n't'ii our 410A RA X  !iiiip'��ifKuItini."-*'t vJViJV A  It' >nii lnivt'ii'l ymi aie m.-slui; -  it .'luiiit't1 lo iM-inininiz-.-,   Tliry'ir  rhfiip becim-enf their mil -.* 1  iu--*.   If it romo from CUMOrS  it�� i-wiied.  FORMERLY C. WOODWARD.  Co.,  iMtdt  GEO. CLEMENTS  ...MERCHANT  ...TAILOR  439 Granville Street  1,600 yards of Molro skirt lining  in (brown and array only; regular  ���prloo 15o; Friday and Saturday's  price 6c. Limit of 10 yards to oao*ti  buyer.  2i doison Cotton Stocking's, ladles' Stocklnss, ladies' size, 2 ipnlr  for lGc.  CarpK snle now on; evory  price reduced; no troublo to show  fljliom.  JB.00 Velvet  Carpet fl.50  OTic Ttniestry GOo  Othor prieoH &*��, Kc, 40o.  Cups and Saucers, GOc, COc, 70o,  8Cc dozen  upwards.  Plates  fiOc,   liOc, 70o  upwards.  Juks,  10c   each  upwards  Men's Summer Clothing.  Silk Ooa.ts and Vests.  Lustre Coats and Vests.  Linen  Cbaits and  Vests.  Tennis Flannel Coats and Vest��.  Tennis Flannel Crash nnd Lisht  Tweed iSults.  20 per cent, discount for Friday and Saturday to sun tho  mile of these Koods.  Hammocks will be sold cheap  on   Friday nnd Saturday to clear:  W.60 Hammocks -for ��-.10  ���-'.ii') Hammocks for j_.Si  W95 Hammocks for ��!.{*)  See our Leudor ��t soo  Wall Pnjior 5e a roll, upwards.  ���Semi  for samples and prices.  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  &ggggggggg��ggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggggg|  J. G. C.  UXfOX MEN ATTENTION.  All union men in the city are hereby  notified that Donaldson & Matthews,  the Cordova street clothiers, hatters  and men's outfitters, have Just opened  out another lnrse shipment of Union  label pants engineers, painters, bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons, smocks, etc. Donaldson  & Matthews, men's outfitters, 74 Cordova street.  HOOKS, ST.mONTkY,  ���l'!S Citnltivti Street  1'UOIO MTl'I.M'S, KTC,  '   -      Vimcouver, Tl. C.  HOUSE AND LOT ON TENTH AVE-  NU'B, Mount. Pleasant, near 'Westminster Avenue, 7 rooms; in good condition;  price $1,030. T. Mathews, 417 'Hastings  K*reet.  NEW  HOUSE AND CORNER. LOT ON  Ninth Avenue, with modern conveniences.   Price  $1,230;  .terms. to  arrange.   T.  ���Mathews, Bastings Street.        .  NICE   LOT   ON   HARWOOD   STREET,  ���llcar Tlwrlow, 33 ft.; fine view of English Bay. Fvice -"wO. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings Street. _____    _  LOT ON SE'v^iirAVENXIE, MOUNT  Pleasant,  near car line.  Only **J23.  T.  Mathews, 417 Hastings' Street,  HOUSE AND LOT ON HOMER STREET  near Smythe; six rooms and bath. Only  31.350. These buys are worth looking up.  1'.   Mathews, ,417  Hastings   Street.      _  Educational.  THE INTERNATIONAL CORRESPOND-  BNCB Schools of Scranton, Pa., is for  the home study1 of industrial science,  taught by mail. Apply Geo. H. Skefllng-  ton, room 4, Lefevre block, Vancouver. P.  O.  box 519.  Patronize home industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars. They arc  union made and the best cigars in the  market.  A'OTE FOJ1 DIXON AND AVTL-  LTAMS. IN-DEPENDENT UABOn  CANDIDATES.  The Artizan and       0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  i5? Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.  We Sell Them.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  100 ConloYiiPlreel, Cor. AMjoti,  Mil (.JranvilletStreel, Cor. Kob*-<m.  IJrIng ui. your I'ltK.sCKMTrQN.s.  Books,  Stationery!  Fancy Goods,  School Books.  Teach  CouqncH*  A our children music! TIhtc  is plcit.Miro nnd prolltin lt. The  bcbt Ciinudiitn und Knglihli  Pianos,  the hest Onundiiiii Ornniih; lli-i-  m>ii ������Piototype" llund IpMni-  menu,; and the best iu nil  Musical Goods  All nt HK.ST prices unci terms nt  Bou!t*_* Mlusic. Store  &lt) Grunville Street, opp. I', a'.  J.   Q.  C.  603 Hastings St.  WHY YOU SHOULD VOTE  F. Carter-Cotton  <% Cleveland and  f       Tribune  Vancouver West  BECAUSE  AS  YOUR REPRESENTATIVE,  ON SATURDAY, JUNE 9th, 1900.  B B  oooaaQoaaaooooaacaaaaacaaoaaacaoaaaooaaoaaac  o  o  r>  a  o  n  o  ���3  O  o  o  r>  a  o  r>  O  !S  a  a  o  a  a  n  30030000-  e  ��<  o  . . 1 lu>\e ii iiunil er of Inipc lots for mlein Unit i-nrt of the dtv, Imnicdinlelv ml-  jniinij-! I'liiiviuvfii the not. Si me mo nesr tlie bench (Just nusl (iu-ei'sinnd  Mime line*: on Ihe ilMiiKK'i.uiid; lliey nie i-plendiilly situnted. These me nil 01-  ilinmy sinnll lots, but nre  I OOx i 30 feet, almost ! -3 acre each,  '   $200 each, on terms  nml,-. lereint.ilisfonnt for ensh. Tin's propeity, wliioli, will creniuiillr lie the  ilioli-e lesiik'iitinl part of thenly, lins never heen on the nuirkct liefoie, iiml will  nut iiiiiniii li.ng unsold. The Ilist buyers hnve the ehoiec. Tliey niu only bo  hniif-lit from mc.  T. H. Calland, 623 Hastings St.  Opposite Lelnnd Hotel.  O  ��  w  o  ��.  0>  o  eCOCCCCCCGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCOO^  DUNS.MUIR: PLEDGES. .  Mr.' Dunsmuir appears to be ivhole-  liearted in his intention to discard  yellow labor in his mines. At <the  public meeting held at the,Extension  mine on; Saturday evening,, he-took up  Ihe statement made the previous evening by Mr. AV. XV. B. Mcinnes that his  promise to take the Chinese out'of the  jnines was insincere, and only made  for   election  purposes.     "I    am  per-  , lectly sincere," said Mr. Dunsmulr,  "and I will keep my promise 'whether  I am elected or not.    I 'fought the bat-  i tie against anti-Chinese legislation on  jir.lnciple, and won after ��arrying"it  _o the highest court of the Empire; but  now I am willing to remove the Chinese, because I believe .it is in the Interest of the Province that I should do  go. It Is desirable that we should  iliiive none but white labor. If we can  ��et rid of the Chinese, we- will sell  more'town lots,'our railway and steamers will carry more freight, and there  tvill_be.a_greater^demand-for-land-for.  I have given  the matter a  farming.  j-reat deal of thought and have decid  cd to turn the Chinese off." At this  tome one In the audience asked "How  :ihout the Japanese?" and Mr. Duns-  anuir answered that he would, not employ Japanese In the mines.*:' He then  mentioned the papers In the different  parts of Canada In which he had ad-  ��� vcrtlsed for white miners to take the  place of Chinese. and_ he also referreil  to a request he had' received from thii  .Uomlnlon Government as to the de-  ���irmnd for white English-speaking miner!- here, which he had answered by  flaying" thnt'he had work for such be-  tiiiuse he was replacing Chinese by  white labor. These things would, h!  thought, convince any one that he wai  In earnest. Mr. Dunsmulr was then  asked to say If the mine officials would  know how any man voted, to which  he replied tiiat they would not, and  that it made no difference to him how  any man voted so far as giving him  employment was concerned. He had  been asked by Mr. Radcliffe If the fact  that-he was opposing him Jeopardised  his position In the mine, and he had  told him that it did not, neither did It  jeopardize the position of his two sons  in the mines. He did.not propose to  coerce his employees. A question was  then^put to him, in writing as to the  wages he would pay his drivers and  ���pushers,., to .which he replied  that he  for ten years lie lias fought mul won vour battles in the Provincial Legislature.  Because many Vancouver Liberals, Conservatives and Independents, as in the past,  are his present supporters.  Because he makes no preposterous pro-election catch-vote promises.  Because he worked faithfully in the past and we believe will again for your interests  and the best interest of the Province generally. -  Because he has done his best and we believe will again to foster and develop the  trade and resources of the Province.  Because by so doing he is a true friend of the merchant and workingman alike.  Because as an employer of labor he has always paid full Union Wages.  Because he is opposed to Mongolian immigration, and will support all constitutional  methods of suppressing it.   Bccause-as-a-"Ministcr-of-tlic"Grown1ie-gavo"0/^  Finance Minister and Minister of Agriculture and Lauds and Works, and  labored for the interests of the Province as a unit.to retain public lands which  are ours by right.  Because he did the work of the two  portfolios, and thus saved the Province a  ���    Minister's salary.  v'  Because during the tenure of oflice  by the Somlin Government, of which he was  Finance Minister, the credit of the Province was greatly improved.  Because he was instrumental in abolishing the abominable Mortgage Tax.  Because he believes in a fair day's pay for a fair day's work on all Government work  and practices personally what he preaches. '  Because he is in favor of the eight-hour day wherever practicable.  We, therefore, kave much pleasure, oil his past  record, of soliciting your vote aiid interest.  -    CHEAP OILCLOTHS.  I CO., Mine Dealers, Dt  Civil Service Candidate**  ,   Attention.  If yon wish to puss nt tlie coming c.-ratiiiiui  mi, you i-iiould begin now. Although we Imvt  nut us yet hud n failure, we cannot eoaeh you  Mieresslully if you rnuimciu'e too late.   T'HK  II. I!. A. VOCiHb COMMERCIAL UOI.LEUK.   I'.  a iiox ���"-it.  W. t. FARRELL,  limployinent  unci   Generul Asent,  Itef.il  Kf-ttnte-ind InHitnincu 13roleer  An-liitcctiiKl  Finns   nnd   Perspective;*  Prepared.  I'tirm mill Timber Lands, Business nml Reside mini City property for sale. Speelnl attention t,'ivuMi to M.-lliut*' and renting hoUM- and  store property; rents colluded; experienced  viiluiilor.  S|)!cer Shingle fvflili  Co., Ltd.  For Sunimer Fuel and Kindling Wood.  Suitable Tor Cooking Stove, Air' right Ileuter-  or Grate.  $1.50 Per Load  By fur the Cheapest, nml in evcrv ��av the most:  satisfactorylueliu the market.  SPICER SHINGLE ML COiPiUileil,  .North End Cuinbie Street DridRO  TELBPHONI-: 3<i<j_  I'oom 7, TlioiiipHon-OKl** Block,  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  | INION-MADE BREAD  V FOR THE PEOPLE.  IViirohs will call nt iinv Spurt of the ellvj  in'iuiipt n I (en t ion mid eivllltv at all times ;gi'v  ii-a tiiiil and liesatlslled.  SUrMilllO*-   DAKISRY,  DIX'I'KKTA TIKT/.E       ���      -       Proprietors  Comer Duffe-lii nml Fifth Avenue.  Telephone 709.  PROV. PARTY dOWMIItiE.  NEWW  HAT5  Wc Iibvc just received the largest  and best Murk of Si'RtM; Hats mii  have ever offered lu Vancouver.  They are stylish and durable.  &. ROBERTSON  20 COKDOVA STREET.  IlnvliiRtheOnlyUp-to-Datc Grill Room  in II. C. which ill itself is a guarantee  of a Pint-Class Hotel tindl'csl.iiirant . .  300000000000000000000*0^  Quann Buos.,    -   -    Props.  Seymour Streeet,  Clubb & Stewart  Is the place to purchase your line fiiin-  i.ihilifd and elothhiK.   The lntesi  ��i styles in  ' Are now on exhibition nt our store,  160 Cordova St  TEl.. 71K.


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