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The Independent May 25, 1901

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 ��*-��  ��p-A^^ -^  IVEW VOliK LIFE I.\SlIt\\CE CO  Tho oldest and largest international company in the woild.  Supervised by M governments.  Fred Cockburn -District Mgr.,  KtAcK Block, Vancouver.  VOL.3.  OTTAWA FIBE IMUM CO  Authorized Capital - ?l,_O0,0O0  Subscribed Cnpltiil - - iiXyHX)  Government Deposit -        S1.000  H. J. Meorliotise,  General Afcnt for H. C. and Alberta.  ���JO iiml 31 l-'lnck Hlock, Vancouver.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1901.  REV. MR. VU  Some time ngo a petition was -circa  lated among working men ami others  desirous of starting a new church requesting Rev. W. A. Vrooman, piii.tor.of  Maple Street Congregational church,  "Winnipeg, to come to Vancouver and  take charge. A temporary organization  ^committee wus struck to establish the  proposed second Congregational church  iu this city. Mr. Kobert Barker was  chosen as chairman; Dr. \V. 13. Burnett,  -vice-chairman; Mr. Thos. Evans, treasurer; Jlr. __. M\ Kreleigh, secretary.  Trustees���Messrs. J. J. Southeott, F.  '     Allen, W. R. Angus.  On the 13th inst. Rev. Mr. Vrooman  acknowledged the petition as follows:  Dear Friends,���I have to-day received  your letter signed by twenty representatives of tho labor movement iu Vnncouvcr urging me to accept the invitation  'extended mc to the pastorate of a Congregational church in your city.   You  nay yon will gladly do  all you can to  assist mo by attendance at tlie fcervicet  of my church and in any other way in  which you aro able.   I thank you highly  for your kindness and shall appreciate  .heartily your co-opor.ition in every good I  ivork.   In my letter acceptinu the invi-1  tation, whicli has already been dispatched to the executive committee of the  church in Vnncouvcr, and which will  probably be published or placed in your  liands to read. I outline some of my ideas  concerning the principals   that should  inspire this movement, I need not therefore repeat what I have already said.  Uowover, I should take this opportunity  to state that I am in strong and active  sympathy with all reform movements  that tend to draw men togetheras brethren, that are in the interests of justice  and righteousness and that assist the  social evolution of  civilization toward  the more perfect realization of the Kingdom of God on earth.   I believe that all  earnest and in.ulligentn.cn should study  the social problem, of the present ,uge  and  be ready to  lend their  inlluence  against all forms of Mrong and injustice.  To mo it is quite clear'.that the practical  application of Christ's 'teachings to our  own lives ana to the social industrial  and,' political  relations of men  would  solve the social problem.   It is necessary  to choose whom we will serve, God or  Mammon, Christ or Ciesar.   My effort'  will constantly be,to lead men to accept  Christ as Saviour, and King Christianity  is the very soul of social progress. Christ  is still the light of the world.   In our  advocacy of reforms that- appear to us  necessary in order to make our modern  life obedient to the great principles of  christian ethics, we shall succeed only  so far as we live near to the great Miibtcr,  without whom we should still be resting  upon the lower levels of pagan civilization.   It is needless for me to, say .what  you already kiiow, that I am deeply interested in the welfare and progress of  ' the wage-earning classes.   I think every  true minister of  Christ is.   I  believe  that it is necessary and wise for employees of  various  trades to  organize and  _��� unite for mutual protection andadvance-  incnt; all professions are thus organized  in some form.   The owners of great industries find it necessary to combine in  larger and wider-reaching organizations.  I nelieve the great interests of civilization and of all classes are best served by  the thorough organisation of wage-earners.   Unfortunately   the   interests   of  labor and of capital frequently conflict  anil serious trouble arises between employers and employees.   These trouDles  Iiave been causes of hostilityorprejudice  prei-ent organization of industry nnd the  present laws, k> that un era-of more  equitable distribution  of   wealth  and  comfort   shall   be  inaugurated.    The  force that directs social evolution in a  democratic state are tho people.   The  people are to bo guided by the enlightenment of  reason and  conscience in  all  things that concern their welfaro nnd by  tho   crystallization  of higher ideals of  social order into law and practical life.  The problem of social reform is to wisely  guide the people in the development of  democratic institutions out of the semi-  barbarous conditions into tho liberty of  justice and fraternity of a truly christian  civilization.   In this work I believe the  church has an important mission to perform.     I   would, however,   remind you  that the themes of thought and methods  of treatment which are necessary for the  religious and  moral  education of  the  people are iniinitely varied.  'We must  avoid narrowness.   Some men hnve a  fad and persecute everyone else with it.  They have a hobby that they ride ho persistently  that  they  are interested in  nothing else.   I do not propose to make  the pulpit a place for the discussion of  social and political problems as if they  were  the only sbbject of importance.  There  are other  topics  of  equal   and  greater   importance  concerning   which  we'all need to be informed and about  which we all need to be informed, and  about which we should become enthusiastic,   Practical Christianity is concerned with many interests.   Let us be loyal  to all truth.   I trust that you will stand  with me not simply and only when I  happen to strike upon the subjects in  which you are personally interested in  connection u ith thu   labor movement  but also in all  those things which are  necessary lor the culture nnd salvation  of men intellectually, socially and spiritually.    Thanking you   again for your  kind interest in the work, I am  Yours sincerely,  XV. A. Vkoo.max  NO. 1).  The Two Mew Schools, Examined���Tlie  Contract  Work  Though Costing Less Money Is a Disgrace���The  School Built by Day Labor Satisfactory.  against labor's organization, but I look  upon  thein ins   necessarily  transient.  ���The steady tendency of ��� labor organization nnd capital organization is toward  mutual rc-pect und a recognition of each  other's rights as an equal partner in thu  system of industry.   Arbitration of disputes, greater forbearance and a clearer  sense of juMtcu will finally result in better feeling between labor nml capital.  We are all coining to understand more  clearly the economic laws which concentrate wealth iu the hands of few iind  distribute poverty among many.    We  nre learning to eliminate personal feelings ami resentment by seeing that tho  present system of social organization is  only producing its natural, fruits iu thu  social ills so greatly lamented.   Wo seu  what folly is that of the revolutionary  .socialist who would1 attack individuals  as if they were the cause of tho present  evils.   The problem is deeper thnn they  soe.   These  individuals, who are considered the representatives of tho plutocratic class, aro as much the products  of a universal system as are the tramp  class and the slums.   The problem of  eociul  reform is ,so to guide the forces  that direct social evolution thnt steady  The Song ol a Coot.  Though I'm Jailed aud bare, with a lifetime's  Menr, "  And luy usefulness nearly spent;  Tliuufh  Horihlcs.3 uud,acaluuU,   with grcaeo  tu^mltud, ��� ��� ,' -     ���  Ami lutiuy a luended rcut;  1 feel out ui track uu a ua. .y'g bnck,^  Hnvnij; grucud, when my fnsbioiiivfts new, ���'  Tliu loriu ol a Mvell, though truth to tell,  1 vmt. made by u bweaiiug Jew.  My order wus laid with a West End trade,  Ami produced in a Curunby Uuli;  In llie hideous gloom ol a lhing tomb,  lly -ad-ujeil women uud men���  An ostu&ci&eil baud from u foreign laud,  Whom Ihu sol oppression expelled���1 '  So frlcudle** are they tlm. uu misy proy  Tu uiiheruptilous sweater's they're held.  When contagious disease has ultaeked such as  these, '���  I liu.c served as bed-covering by night,  Tllliuy liuers would ull wilh the genus that  kill,  Then 1 laughed in my glee outright;  l*Of 1 know niter all thai my MMigeuhcc would  fall .-. ��� ���. '   '  Ou d "spoilers of labor's just gain,*  Aud the death 1 would spreau till tho wealthy  with dread."   "    ' '   ,  While the source would be fought for in valu.  They "shopped" me at lust, I was duly "passed"  . * _\'u fault in construction was found;  Jiy breast swelled withprlde,' 1 cunirlvud so to  liido  The death-seeds I'd scatter around I  And gaily X sped uu my uiibsion ut dread,  : To be worn 'mid comfort and wealth���  So fair, vet unclean, \vnii dangers iiubeeu���  1 began my crusade U|>on health!  1 have furnished a shroud ;for, the huughty and  proud,  While 1 Joined in their Jestlve mirth;  In ballroom and fete, ur function ?of State,  ?I have cost thorn, u desolate hearth,  liy mingling so much uiy instdeous touch  Willi thu innocent children at play-  As fair of face us any Unit grace  The humus ol Old Kuglaud today I  You would ask mo Iu vaiu how muuy I've slain  When I'vo loosened my myriad germ.,  The doclois 1 cheat us together Uiuy meet  To discuss mo lu technical terms.  They rarely suspect 'lis J wlio infect,  Hut on drainage of milk lay thu lilame,  Or a pluguu that's brought o'er from u dlstaul  Hhuru  Asa meaiia of oiiliaiisliig tholr fame.  | My rate now Is run, but tl.o mischief I've don.'  It'll mark leaves on history's page,  My vengeance is sure, lie ihey wealthy or pool,  Who a system of sweating engage.  I scalier Ihe bieaih of llie Angel uf Death  Alike amuui; workers aiul|ieeis,  Mj price is llie lllu uf n hunliaiid ur wife  Ami llie dcililulo orphan's leiusl  Could -oil visit tho place, tthure, In sijualld  disgrace,  III a pestilent plum 1 wus made,  Small wonder)on'd make lhat my veimeaneo 1  take  On those who the workers degrade;  While Mainmon  they Horvo and  no ijuurtcr  dc.crvc,  .Forgetting "The Song of tho Shirt."  For the misery they note may be traced to n  coat,  The offspring of darknois and dtrtl ���  -John MacWatkhh.  .Following Is copy of report submitted ! to the Trades and Labor Council  by its special committee re the building: or the Lord Roberts and Adm'ral  Seymour schools, the former by .contract a,nd the latter by day labor:   '  Your committee appointed to look  over the two new schools, in Vancouver recently completed begs leave to  roport ns follows: That the two schools  are entirely different ln design and details in finishing, and that they are  not to be compared, at allin thesame  class in any respect so far as design  and finish are concerned. The east  end, or Admiral Seymour, school is far  more elaborate in detail and finish? than  tho west end, or Loid Roberts, school.  To compare the workmanship on the  two buildings must of necessity place  the ' Lord Roberts school on a much  lower piano than Hie Admiral Seymour school.  Your  committee  state  plainly,  that  while the internal _lnishing{of: Admiral  Seymour school may be more,elaborate than is 'necessary/for'ii school, yet  it is well executed; so far as the workmanship  Is  concerned,  in every  particular; and no workman need bo ashamed  of it  in any  respect.   There  Is  only one.thing in connection with this  building that we would  like - to - draw  the school board's   attention   to,   and  that Is,' that "the'beams carrylng'?the  floor over the basement hat*e their ends  built Into  the  masonry.     The  better  way Is to ha/ve a clear space ,o'n; the  two sides and at the end of the'.beam,  and thereby help to prevent rot that  some of our lumber is so subject to.  So far as we are able to judge���haivltig  seen the plans and read the specifications    of    this    school���we   iind that  everything called for ln the specifications has been done.   Yet at tne sam*  time, we think that the architect has  crowded on details in the internal finishing   which . could   not  be  foreseen  either on the plans nor from a perusal  ot the specifications.   As the finishing,  was to be in accordance with details  to.be furnished, which, to some extent,,  mill explain the higher cost of building,  over: the highest tender.  "Wtili   regard   to  the   Lord : Roberts  school,   which  was  done  by contract  we can't report so favorably.   For, in  reading over the;specifications for.this  school, we observed several alteration's  which'Avere'not Initialed .by? the chair-,  man of the School  board.   And, even  then,  we find  some  things called for  that havo not been done.   There was  ���tohave been an area around the school,'  the earth sloped back and  the bank  prepared tor, grass  seed.   Nothing of  this  nature   has   been  done.   And   in  connection   with   down    pipes,    there  Is    no    gutter    trap    as  called    for.  The water closet floors- throughout the  building  were  to  have''been  finished  with cement, but not done; steps and  risers  in stairs  to  have been housed  into stringers, but':-.not done; ha.nd rail  to have been .4 by 4 Inches, but arc only  4 by   2 1-4  Inches;  balusters  to  have  been 1 3-4 linohos, but are only 1 1-2,  etc.,  etc.   "And  there may have been  many omissions which are not visible,  There arc plenty of signs of settlement  in the building, in the shape or plaster  rents in the angles; in fact, It has been  so bad���that a piece of scotia moulding  litis been nailed up all Internal angles  to hide the cracks. In some places the  floors have settled till the door frames  are at least three-eights of an inch  clear from the Tioors; In other places  tho settlement Is so much that it  shows a space of a.bout three-quarters  of an inch bebween the quarter "round  nailed on the floor and the bottom of  the wainscotting nailed on the wall,  which fact speaks bad for the building.  The plastering Is poorly done -In the  extreme, not enough labor having been  bestowed on spreading and polishing  the finishing coat.  'As to the painting, there is no comparison with the Seymour school, and  it should be as:good a job, as the same  class ofwork was'called for.  In the: basement we find posts off the  plumb, and we find one that comes not  directly underneath -a beam; the beam  from the west and the one from the  east  not  being on  the same straight  line, but, being apart, a cap has been  put on the post long, enough to catch  both   beams,   which  will  have  a tendency  to   act  like -a  teetertotter,   as  weight is transferred from one side to  the other.   This is where the floor is so  much  hollow above.     A  post  should  have been placed directly underneath  the end of eaclr beam.   The specifications called for a two-foot squarestone  below each post," but only, one is seen  above the bltumous floor, and it does  not  stand   the  size  specified.    ' Your  committee consider.it bad' construction  to let the posts go below the floor line  as lt has a .tendency ,to encourage cot.  XVe find  that the closests are lined  with Iron, Jbut the Iron is nailed on so  as  to let the water run behind it  in  place of running it off, -which is wrong  in? principle and.'bad 'for the health' of  the occupants,: and: also for, the mater  Idl ?bch!nd it.  On the front elevation of the building  we observe that a window apron has  boon left off. ���  And that the brick -work), -where  expospd to the weather, has already begun ,to'':dlslntegrate : rapidly,  and, unless It -is well* cemented over,  it will only be a question of time till It  crumbles down, the ..brick used not being properly burned to stand the weather.  ��� Yet, notwithstanding/all these defects  and deficiencies, the building committee or the school board report satisfactorily on the Lord Roberts school. Nay,  more;? they do so and are cognizant of  the above facts. Your committee believe that Mr. Robert ' Chipehase reported some of the above defects in the  building to the board. And the query  is. why w-as this report not published  other foreigners to the detriment of all  concerned. XVe therefore tender all  those outside the unions a heart;.- welcome to become members without further persuasion. It Is a duty all honorable tradesmen? owe to themselves  and their craft to be In the union.  A. J. -MORTIMORE.  Sec. V. B. T. C.  Vancouver, Hay C, 1901.  TIIE CLKIWV m) TIIE  WORKMG CLASSES.  . THE FIHSEP.-ISN.  The British Columbia Fishermen's  Protective Union! ?���: Vancouver branch,  No. 2, wishes to bring to the knowledge of persons who might wish to  Join the union that the cost of joining  has been raised to 52.50. Thlswlll tnil.e  effect June 1st., Candidates will haive  an opportunity? of joining; at the old  rate of. $1'at the next meeting, which  will be held in the Laboi- hall on Saturday,; June 1st. 'Members of the union  are advised thnt the union stencil is  in the oharge of Treasurer James Dunbar, at Brockton Point. Any member  wishing the use of ���; the ��� stencil will  please 'produce his ^membership, book  for* Inspection.?" Twenty-five cents .will  be collected from each boat on which  the stencil is applied.  o_  .Twenty miners left Victoria ph.Tuesday morning oh the*. City: of NajiaJmo  in charge of, W.*?*Price,:the representative, of .Homer? Swaney, .for ���-Texada;?  where they",will'be'^put to,'ivortc'-on1.the'  lrori:-properties?recently ."'acquired hy:  that gentleman? pn:''t]ie island. ?    ::  ."One ?thing needed here .is '.a- quarantine station?. Had .the.recent?quarantine: of suspects; in, ithe ..'centre; of .the?  It  has  been  often   charged  -.isalnst  the pulnlt that it Is the friend of the  rich and the enemy of, the poor; that  It niuliitaltis an ominous silence with'  regard   to   the . great  questions Which  are agitating labor circles, and,  if it  dees speak at all,  damns  ther-i with  faint praise; that It is out of sympathy,  with  all  labor aspirations,  and  that,  as a consequence, the working classes  are found not within, but without the  Christian church.   To me It has ever,  been an enigma why the Chrljtian pulpit should, either in appearance or rej  allty, be callous, to the just grievances  or/hopes of those who both toil and  spin.   When we remember that by far.  the, largest  proportion   of  th&.e  who  minister In holy things have coin-! from'  the plough,  the desk,  tne; school,, the  officei the bench, and the mine,  and  when We  remember  that  such   have   ���  been nurtured In that form of life, aril  brought    up    in    that    environment  against which labor earnestly declaims, -���  and openly; and vigorously seeliisto. reform,  such,  instead of openly or   silently     opposing     that      reformation,  should rorm,,-.living element in these  agitations  which seek'" to  introduce  a.  city.proved ..to be*smallpox, instead 'of  a case?qf"measles, ;it?m!g_it liaive. been  costly' to the'.citizeris If.riancially as, well  as?-loss.of life throughout the city.?;,;?:.";  :[���'���'Tres.������-.3.'.' Gr DaVidson ��� presided������ at  Tuesday.', night's meeting of the Amnl-,  gamated Carpenters ibid? Joiners ...union'  over : a: good attendance.?. There??w-as  brie: candidate ,*?iiiJtiaite4..;:'.?.-.Building  Trades cpuncllcan-ds^ were Issued to the  ;membere.;i-Bro..'..Thos.?7vVlse..wa,s- report-;  edi-as?having'met?with a. se'yere,. doc!-?  dent,?? dislocating :Ms:?right?slio'uider..  ?;.W.?J:;Onv recording secretary,of the  Retair?Clerk's association..has resign-;  ed .hls;?0fflce?and gone into "business  for'hirnself,?having-purchased the ivell-  "knowTi;boot?and;shoe^establishment' of;  C. ?F.?Foreman,: Westminster: a.veniie.'  Mr; "Orri'S'.'an. energeUe nian of business,? and ?his? many friends ?w'ish? him  every? prosperity, in his new?venture.' ??  .progress shall lw made in changing tlie crying needs."  Tlie grea t heart of the people is movi d  with wonder and approval as our system  of co-operation mnni/eata its,adaption to  twentieth  century civilization and ,its  since the building has been completed.  Entering under the stoop, over the  back entrance, any practical tradesman  must bo forcibly Impressed1'with the  "roughness and jerriness" of Its construction. The struts, holding up the  stoop, are of scrap wood of various  thicikneswes, pieced out In the roughest  'manner.'' Tills piece of work Is a ills-  grace to mny one luiA-ing any responsibility In connection with the construction of the same, being undoubtedly  "Jerry." The steps leading up lo the  entrance door, both In front and book,  nre too steep for a public building, especially a school where young children  have to go up and down. In going up  the steps, your eyes come to the floor  level, and If you look across from the  back door to the front door, you can  see at n glance that the floor Is up and  down? and far from being level, as It  should be. In places It is at.least one  and a half Inches; of a drop in about  14 feet, then up and. down, and so on.  The Internal finish Is of the plainest  possible pattern, and Is not properly  cleaned up, as called for, throughout  the building. Some of the. partitions  are as far oft the straight as. axe .the  floors, and some of the angles are at  along with the other reports, ;sb that  the public might see and. judge for  themselves about this contract job.  Your committee are of opinion that  Mr. Chipchase's time should h.-we been  spent more In looking?after the construction of-this school when it was  behig-done-by���contract, -rather��� than  charging .up. the whole, of his time  against Admiral, Seymour school, for  we", feel satisfied that dt would have  been time well spent In tlie; taxpayers'  Interests.  Your committee also are of the opinion and foci satisfied that'before, many  years, the board, and citizens as well,  will consider . the . Admiral Seymour i  the Lord Roberts school will bo con-1  school by far the cheapest and that  sldored u dear job nt nny price. But  the reason why such a building was  accepted by the. board and it final receipt Issued 1s more than your committee can'comprehend.  Allot which Is respectfully submitted.  .?.The?Iride,_>endeht'"wants a report :of  eachiUnion'meeltin'g and news concern-'  InS.ithe memlbers:of every organization';'  Suteh; reports and news, will.do' much?to  su'staln?a'nd create Interest in the^6r-:,  sanitations.'-..' Secretaries are.especially;.  ttrgya'VtO; eenrl; in these.; reports, ?bult  news from any memiber. of?an'.organ!-"  zatlonwill.toe reteelyed with pleasure. \?  Every working man who is contemplating the purchase ot a home and  requires financial assistance should call  at?the* office of the B. Ci Permanent  Loan?a.nd Saivlngs Company, 321 Cambie street, and get their terms. The  plans of this home company are better adapted to the various contingencies of aworking man's llfethan any  other, plans in Canada.  C. H. Gibbons, of the Vancouver  Province, has left for Buffalo, Jiavlng  been appointed by the Provincial government to tike charge of the information bureau which the local government will maintain during the exposition. His Work will consist of. circulating .Information, regarding the province among fair visitors by mean.'! of  pamphlets, .newspaper Interviews, and  in any other desirable way.  better and a healthier condition of life.  Thera.j'are' some, in' the. Christian- min^,  istry who know nothing personally- of;.  ���povertycor?struggIe, and, to'sucliMabor.-:  questions ..may?.?seem" Irrelevant';*(ahdl./;;  comparatively Insignificant as .eompar-��?;  ed ?\vith ��� other? themes, .''���'but"; to ?those'���;  who? know', something.: by -a?bitter?ox-;??:  perience of. the.deprlyaiUons and?privia-v.;.  tlons which accompany, the poor man's .?  pathway, through life', and of tiie,cruel-;*;.?  ties "and"; hardships,: necessarily; Involved'^'  in hard,Svoi-k, these ought?ever?tovbe.?.;  In the forefront?of all'industrial "que's-?:*  tion3 affechng?the,physical, the;moii,;-';;  the;sbclal,and'.the''si>Iritual';welN  of? the : class'.. from?.?whioh?;;'Hiey VhaveS-'.  sprung, and whom.''they,?lia.ve.;jtp.se'-ve','i;..?  fqr'.the'.:mihistry?;of_thb���^  *(>f'.sei-^*lce^:T,he-^."wbrking:?^'man,*;thereo'.^,'t  fore?"Should���'���'��� ever, find iii'the'Imlrilster-j-'j  .a.) true ?friend. :n , faithful1 guide,, andah??  .honest, ai'.d -lincomproiriislrig; champion';?::,  of what are his undeniable? rights? yea,????  should?eyer And' In?ministersJyallani';??'  leaders who?,will: nobly'and, self-sacrl-i'H  fielngiy lead, them^fotward to^ i_iat:!an(_.*;'  of -.promise.' on?_cart_i,;; not? in? heaven;;?.?  .which labor "is ..destined? to ������ possess? and-wh  enjoy.? Th? doing? sbi;? the ^ministry-is ??;?  only following in the?hbiiOTed,'a'nd;hoii-,;,r.:  6rr.ble":.foot-t--S:...of??the --ijrandvolr}:;H '  prophets of/the past... ,.Thcy were men ?.?:'  Of? light and ..lea<ilng.?3They..:stobcl;:asi.;  ministers: w*ant-ito?'stand, to-day"?to-;?  tween;God and man.'/::Tli-y?,were/bbth:?;-,  preachers and; lovers* bfyrighteousness,??  that "is justice.',,':They' bowed j no., obsef ?;?  ouious knee to.:men?of> wealth,'either?'??  In'"the .state.?or?in:?the,?c_iurch.?'Thby;'?::';���  W'ere livings/voices..tl_at;ever gaveiiit^??";  terarice in burning words to?the.public?? ?  discontent;bred: of wrong.cdolng:(and,:,-a  suffering. They'pcaihiiedw-lth eagle'eye';?-?  f rom; .time? to?, time?, the,' body; /politic,????  and wherever,'aiid: whenever injustiees.???:  and.inequalities appeared!?tho^e'thirigs :?''?  ever found in the'.prophets.of the Lord,' V*?  bitter' assailants.'- ��� ?Thev prophet "ever ..'"'������  served eal a toi-ch. to ? kin d le. tl: e - fi res. of r i?;,..?  Indignation.' scorn, ?a.iv.l.' 'ro.^e. against'.J;.?'  tyranny, and tlie ��� tyrsnt..? They.: loved?;?;?  freedom,?n heal thy Tixrorous. race,? fair'V',"; ,  and honorablefelation" between '"man ?'?:,, ���  nnd.man,'.justlc_e,_.liQiiar. _m-__rnaninilty..???^2  dealing.. They .stooC!;;tis-''eVer3'r.:'?  the Lord- s-.iotild stand'   :,  NOTICE.  To Those In the Building Trades:  It has been resolved iby the Vancouver Building Trades Council that the  working card,system shall go Into effect on June 1st next. Experience has  demonstrated the fact * that It: Is necessary to bring about a closer amalgamation of jthe lwortkers?for the. betterment  of "their .condition,   seeing    that   the  trades :are nowjbelng invaded by, cheap  least about two inches out of the lJljimfb. I Orientals  and  to  a large-extent by  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following Is a complete list of  union barber shopB In Vancouver.   Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shoo, Hastings street.  Bon   Ton    barber   shop,    Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvlo & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's    Barber    Shop,    Cordova  street.  The Whlttler Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.  Oyster  Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop,* Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street;  east.  lArmy and Niavy <!Oscar Heyilandt)���  Gnanvllle street, imdbeir Trorey's.  J. H. 'Stevens, Mount Pleasant.  nml fair  the servant  the fearless'champions of tlie poor? the  weak," the outraged and -the wronged.  Fall they might, n~ of Mm"- they did  fall, but neve:- In the hl-tn-y ot the  world hiMl grnb anil ;rn..^l, and lust,  and monopoly, such determined opponents an they had In thrcp jn'.ind old  prophctf. To havo a v.-.itt!if-:l eye over  the comlitloii'. nf labor; to lv�� earnest  In peeking to lop off-nil'brimchcs that  hinder Its growth, to linv~ n sympathy  with everything Hint will Increase comfort, Joy, health, and hn.pplnovs.. nnd  to have -\ hand In l.rylmf lo lninfT capital and labor, and labor nml capital  Into a nobler .brotherhood-: than has  hitherto'cxlrteil, Is. but to peek to realize that condition of life which the  rntherhood of God picsc;' s, and which  the Brotherhood of Man '���i.^ge'-ts, and  no minister Is doing his duty, either to  God or to man/who shrinks from the  task whioh his?relatlor_s to the' human  and the divine beautifully (reveal.  CLERIC.  I  !!  ..'!  Subscribe for The Independent, $1.25 a Year.  ' *���.-' '���il  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY MAT 18,  1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  D-BO. BARTLEY   Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   IN-  TEREsST   OF  ORGANISED LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   312   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 10 cents; three  months, 33 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.23.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL. AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  f".Bl__>  SATURDAY....  .MAY  IS,  T.'Ol  It i.s now Jimmy ami Joey.  So far as Dominion politics are concerned, freet ratio and proterfion are  broken idols', and tlie mun who continue." to worship them is an idolater.  Open your union hall early on nieet-  ins nit:l]l-\ 1 lave the lights turned on  and ^ive all attendants a cherry welcome. You can now lie comfortable  without worrying about the price <>'  coal.  Some members of the legislature think  that they don't get,, sullicient credit  whenever they happen to support a  measure in flic direction of labor legislation. The labor organ gels a good  deal less.  Tlm* says the voluminous, virtuous,  valorous, vivacious violent nnd valuable  "Joe" .Martin: " I will defend Vancouver iig.iinst that vile, vixenish, ven-  onious, vicious and voraciously voluptuous V., V. i\_ _���_. villainy."  The following radical and labor papers  ��� have been refused circulation in South  Africa: Dundee Weekly News, Reynold's  Newspaper, News of the World, llublin  Weekly J'reoman, People's Journal,  Weekly Despatch, London Truth, Hurtling Leader, lievicw of Reviews, Lloyd's  Newspaper, South African News, and  the Svdney Worker.  An old proverb says: " Do not. send a  boy to do ti man's work." Someone has  appropriately added : " Do not expect  ,i man lo work for a boy's pay." Yet  many employers who endorse the first  -���.tying aru far from being in accord with  the second. If men were not too often  expected and asked to work for the pay  of boys, there would be moro comfortable homes among the workers.  Plasterers get mure wages than photographers, bricklayers more thnn bookkeepers, carpenters more than cashiers,  ship carpenters more than stenographers. Nobody will claim that it requires  greater skill or intelligence lo be a plasterer, bricklayer, carpenter or ship carpenter than n photographer, bookkeeper,  cashier or stenographer. The moral if  apparent���tho first group of workers are  organized, the second aro not.���Union  Record, Scuttle.  apprentices are out at Tacoma, Whatcom, Fairhaven and  Seattle.  The machinists of Seattle were paid  ?:>.-::> and SS.30 a day. They now demand ?:i.'.'.' and $".50 for nine hours.  Tlie employers had created the Impression that a Hat rate of ga.r,0 for  nine hours was demanded, irrespective  of nhility,  etc..  which is not so.  The machinists are well prepared for  a long siege, and if necessary will start  a co-operative shop.  Following is a. list of tlio shops in  which the machinists are out in Seattle: The .Moran P.ros.' Co., Washington Iron Works, Vulcan Iron Works,  Seattle Machine Works, Marine Iron  Works'. I'u^et Sound Machinery Depot,  Northwestern Iron Works, Hutton &  Son.  HofiVrnan   Iron  Works,  and  the  Pacific Iron   Works,  ol" Fremont.  o  THE STRIKE MD THE  The machinists or Seattle and elsewhere are on strike for their rights.  Their cause is just, and if right is  stronger  than might,  they wiil win.  On May IS, IflOO, nn agreement wns  entered into by the International A.s-  soclation of Machinists and the Metal  Trades Association, whereby the machinists were to work 0 1-2 hours n  day, with no reduction in pay, to lake  effect Nov. IS, mOO, and In six months  they were to receive a !i-hour day with  no reduction In wages, to take effect  .May 111, 1301.  The M. T. A. objected to Arms outside tho association working 10 hours,  so an order was Issued by the 1. A.  of M. to Its members to dcniiind a 11-  hour day with no reduction In pay.  The Anns of Seattle were presented  with a copy of the agreement and  -���������en six weeks to decide on granting  ��� "���-in  dny.  ������ ''lay 3rd the linns In Tacoma re-  ' to slffii the agreement, and all  "t, went out.  '��� �� machinists of Seattle concluded  ' ��� work till the 20th, proviidlnR Taeo-  ��� i work would not be touched.  ..' Treed to.  On the l:'th a shaft for a. Tacoma  dredger was taken to the Seattle Vulcan Iron Works, which firm broke  faith with the machinists, who struck  ,work on Tuesday. The manager of the  iVulcan works Is a member of the M.  ff.S. .  i !_U1 the machinists and nearly all the  Tho steamer Garonne has been towed iKK-k to Moraiis ut Seattle from  Victoria. Tlie boiler makers and machinists of Victoria stood loyal to the  officials of their respective unions now  ensased In the big* strike on the other  side for shorter hours, at a sacrifice to  their own and their city's best interests, by refusing to complete tho work  which had been started by their Seattle brothers. A strike ia a war, and  nil things are fair in war. The Innocent ot'tinies as well as the guilty suffer by the actions or strikers, but it  cannot be helped so long as our present social system exists. The work  meant about S2.1.000 to A'lctorla.  The Garonne was being repaired at  Moran's when the strike began, and  her owners being .-111x10118 to have tho  work done, as delay Involves a large  loss to them, made Inquiries Jn Victoria In common with other ports to  see whether llie work could not be  completed. The Albion Iron Works, of  Victoria, took the contract. When she  arrived at the outer wharf, the boiler-  makers would not turn to. The local  union of boiler-makers is a branch of  the International union, which Is on  strike for nine hours instead ot ten.  As tlie Seattle union had boycotted tlie Garonne, they said they could  not and would not adopt any other  course than do likewise. The machinists of Victoria, who have since organized 11 union, expressed their willingness 10 go to work, 'providing the boil-  ermn'kers would do so, on the steamer.  Conference' were held between the  workmen nnd the management of the  Albion Iron Works smd efforts were  made ito solve the difficulty, but the  woi'l'.nien would not. consent to work  on the Garonne under any terms, as  she had been boycotted by the men  at Moran's. In the effort to solve the  question, a deputation consisting of  T. 11. Logg. president of the Trades  and Labor Council, and some of the  boiler-makers, machinists- und iron  inoiiIde'.-s, met Mr. Seabroolc on Tuesday morning and a despatch was sent  to the grand president of the International Union of Holler-makers, asking  If tlie boycott could be raised on the  Garonne. The grand president replied  that consent would be given if the executive in Seattle would acquiesce, and  deputation, consisting of Mr. Logg  and some of the boiler-makers was to  have gone over to Seattle to endeavor  to ha.ve 'the boycott raised on the  steamer. In the meantime, though,  Capt. Greene, master 'and 'vice-president of the Frank Watorhouse Company, which owns tlie stamer, arrived  at the conclusion to have the vessel  taken back to Seattle, for, he said,  even if .the work was done here, he  would be unable to load her, or get a  crew from Scal.Uo; in fact, lie "was  between the devil and the deep sea,"  nnd if arrangements cannot be made  for tlie steamer to enter the Nome  trade by June 3rd, as scheduled, she  will probably be tied up.  While the refusal of the boiler-makers and machinists to go to work on  the Garonne has had tlie effect of caus-  Kremner had made inquiry into the  Garonne incident, a representative of  Tiie Independent called upon him and  asked:  "Are the reports regarding the refusal of the boilermakers and machinists  at Victoria to work on the steamer  Garonne and their reasons given therefor correct?"  "The reports in the papers are substantially true," wald that gentleman.  ���'Though, of course, not quite all the  facts have been brought out., Nor do  I think the men at Victoria understood  the matter In its entirety, else the very  grave mistake of not doing tlie work  would not have been committed. Looking at tlie case from a unionist worker's or employer's standpoint, no reason in my humble opinion has been  adduced to show cause sufficient for  the course adopted. And this I say  not so much in criticism of the men  at Victoria as those who come over  from Seattle and persuade them.'  "Putting yourself In the place of the  men, and regarding tho affair from a  union standpoint, do you consider the  work on the Garonne fair, according  to Mr. Seabrook's offer'.'" The Independent asked.  ������Unquestionably it was. Not only  was a distinct contract by the agents  of the vessel made with the Albion Iron  Works, but the wages and hours asked  by the men In Seattle was to be granted on the work. That being so, what  possible objection could there be to  working on her. I think it will stand  the light of argument that no more  forceable way ot bringing the Seattle  shops up to the same standard could  be devised than by demonstrating that  the work could be successfully done in  Victoria under these conditions. It  seems to me that if the operators at  Seattle saw the work being taken from  tliem, they would the quicker concede  what the men were asking. The nctlon  of the executive of the International  Union of Boilermakers, In placing a  boycott on the steamer at the Instigation of the Seattle union, Is indefensible when regarded solely in the light  nf ihe interests of the men. Tt Is admitted by all that Mr. Seabrook, manager ot ithe Albion Iron Works, lias  been very just in his dealings with Ills  men, a,nd the manner in which he has  conducted himself in the matter of the  Garonne would go to prove this good  report. I have yet to be convinced  that union principles stand for that  which is other than fair. But I hold  when the executive of an international  union uses Its strength to influence  work being taken to the country from  which it dictates, it has gone'beyond  the bounds of fairness to employers  as well as employees, and it might be  well for the unions of Canada to consider means to protect themselves in  future from such Injustice, if we expect  to build up and maintain tlie Industries  of our country. We have in British  Columbia too large a surplus of idle  men, iind jio unnecessary barriers  should be placed in tho way of business that will give these opportunities  for earning a livelihood we all so earnestly desire to see. 1 feel that the  views I have expressed will be endorsed by the unions of the province  and tlie people in general. I am bound  to say ln all fairness to the men at  Victoria, had tlie owners of the Garonne not taken the steamer away ko  soon, there is little doubt but work  would haive proceeded within a few  hours. Wliilo the occurrence is now "a  thing of the past, it Is to be hoped, in  the interests of all, the experience will  not be repealed."  Drink Red Cross Beer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 748 Pender streot.  ing the work given by the Wnterhouse  Company on their steamer to be lost to  the Albion Iron Worics, llie men are  by no means .'LUtagonlstlc lo the Albion  Iron Works regarding other work; 1n  fact, the only ground upon which they  refused to work on Uhe Garonne was  because she wns a "struck job," that  is, the workers In Seattle had boycotted her. As for the Albion Iron  Work", the workmen had no ground  for striking against that concern, for  llie II1111 had already offered to grant  the concession which Ihe strikers on  the other side of the line are striving  for, and providing the competitors of  the firm in British Columbia do likewise.  The workmen, in fact, .speaik very  highly of llie action taken by Manager  Seabrook in his efforts to'find nn iimic-  able solution of the difficulty. They  dsdnrc that In bringing the steamer  heie he noted in good faith, as the  here he acted In good faith, as the  Mnians had been paid for the work  done by them and the repaiis had been  turned over to the Albion Iron Works.  The delegates from the Sound to  Victoria have all gone back to Seattle.  Hearing  that  Labor  Commissioner  Three Things of  importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  ai*t of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want to  excel, even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best - we can for, your  money and we shall do exactly as wo advertise..  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  /���*__,���   r ������    ��� ��� <__~^j'i~fl-  WHOLESALE AND IlETAII, DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  *1'&5<fa^*dC2?**t^7i^..  a-P  FORTUNES IN OIL  The Oil 1'telds of Washington nro offering opportunities for Investment that  cannot ho surpassed.  Tho WEST COAST OIL AND MIXING COMPANY, of Seattle, in tho  owner of 1,500 acres of approved OIL LANDS In Jefferson county. Wash.  Capital stock, 1,000,000 shares, pur value ?1,   fully paid and non  assessable.  Machinery has heen ordered and active work will soon bo started.  Few shares left nt lajij cents; when sold, price will advance to 25c.  fieid Johnson Agent, Wood & Reed,  417 Cordova St. Maflagers for B. C.  EGGS TOR SALE  for Setting, $ 1.50 for \ 3  BLACK LANGSI1AN&  Stock took First I'rlzo at 1000 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  W. D. Jones  Brockton Point  Lighthouse.  The best Cough Cure is << BIG 4 "  have you tried it?  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently xve always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited. r  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls, Jumpers and Suspendes,  also a first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion  Labor is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  Hotels.  . . MAKES A SFRCIALTY OP . .  o    Dews specioi UQuenr, oiso ���.  o    ustiers mock Intel Liqueur wnm  '-  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMI'OItTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan A. Co., Props.  COBNER COKDOVA AND CARRALL.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for the engineering trade  iu Vancouvur.  CHOICEST*���-=-5=~*  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from GO conts up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  TELEPHONE 702.  1G0 CORDOVA STREET.  A Matter of  Sense and Cents.  We buy as low as we can���that's business sense.  We sell as low us tve can���that's progressive sense.  Vou buy as loiv as you can���that's  common sense.  You buy of us���that's dollars and  cents for both of us.  Have you tried our ice cream this  season ?  A quart is r.0c, J.< gal. fl.00, 1 gal. $2.(10;  sent packed in ice io your home.  Baker and  Confectioner,  ���IM Hastings Street.  Telephone 307.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing.  The Standard Canadian I'ianos  THE GERARD HEINTZMAN,  ���   IHE BELL, THE NEWCOflBE  The Standard English Instruments  IHE BR0ADW00D, THE BRIHSMEAD,  THE GOLLARD X GOLLARD.  All tlio nbnvc fit  BOULT'S  MUSIC   STORE,  MO Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplies.  GEO. HAY  mver's    Pioneer    Cl  ���utor, makes a suit  X Dyeing and Repairing  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Renovator, makes a suit new.  210 Cambie St., Vancouver.  ���  You'll Know  Oar Drivers  By thoir dark navy-blue uniforms and  their dark peaked caps with " l'lONEl-.It  LAUNDRY" on the bands.  Our wagons are all dark red or wine  color.  If you want the BEST in Laundry work  ���not the "just Osgood" kind���mako  sure that it comes to tho Pioneer Laundry���to tho Laundry of the dark red  wagons and whose-drlvers. wear uniforms.  Steam Laundry  D. M. STEWART, Pnoi-.  Phone 346. 910 - 914 Eiciiahds St.  The"  ���  Having the Only Un-to-Dato Grill Room  in B. C. wlilch in Itself is a guaranteo  of a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant . .  Seymour Streeet,  $AVOY   THEATRE  8am Nesbitt Manager.  NEXT WEEK  6���NEW STARS���6  WM. DE B'OE  The upside down man  HAL COULET  NELLIE OAMMETTA - .  ANNIE GOLDIE  MAY WARD ���'.  _GUSSIE_LAJ\IOKE___,_  VOLR/-*^g^  TEL.  Best  Thing in the Market  Solid Copper Tea and Coffee Pots  Tea Kettles in nil Sizes  (Sickle Plated.  These goods will last a life time.  No (-eotiriiijr to keep clean  Always look bright  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  g3     Drink Empire Ceylon Tea.     BUY  CO  CO  op  ��;��  oo  *-��  ro  si  ��i  ��,*?  ��3  ^2  c2  g��  "8  8��  ��O  II  2_o  p8  From the  CBTY GROCERY COMPANY  The Cheapest,, Most Reliable and  UMo-Date GROCERS in the City  THEIR SPECIALTIES-  Use Empire Baking' Powder  Empire  |�� The City Grocery Company,  gSsoissacoaeooi  ��� The Wonderful Ctteab Croceri,  ' WtSTMINSTtB AVENUE.  l.i  j'l  40" an-  408 W-..-,_���-t.r Avenue. '"co-H S��92 ?2fi2_��5E��S$gggggggg$ SATURDAY ,....,..MAY IS, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  Union Directory.  yANCOUVBR TRAX1ES -AND   IiABOR  Council,   Presdaent,   Jos. Dixon;   vice-  president,  John Crow; secretary,  J.   C.  .���Marshall, P. O. Box 159; financial secretary *W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  jC. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee���  ���Chairman, John Pearey; secrotary, J.  Morton. MeeUner-Flrst and third Friday  In each month, at 7.30 p. m., ln Lnlon  ������Hall, cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  TEXADA -UNi-KS' UNION,, No.��� U3. "W.  P. M.. meets every Saturday at,7.30 p.m,  . In jW-sters' hall, Van Amla. President,  K. Aitkcn; vice-president, C. A. MclMlle  secretary, A. llnpor. Van Anda, B. C..  t&Wr H. V. Price; conductor. !>���  Bmt; warden, John LlnMatcr.  LABOR'S D11MD FOR  SHORTER HOURS.  CCOKS, WAITERS AND V^UTKBSSES  Union,  Local  No. 3S.  President,  Chas.  ��� Over- vice-president. W. XV. Nelson; recording secretary,  Jas. H. Perkins; Ilnancial secretary. It. J. Loundcs; trcasur.  -���cr   Wm, Bllcndcr. Meeting every I'rlday  at S.30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Puusmulr streets.   VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 220 meet the last Sunday in each  month at Union hall. President, C. f  Cuinplioll; vice-president, l.eor~c Wilby,  eecretary, S. J. Gothard. P. O. box Go;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  .Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  __7.Woodruff, S. lt. Robb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams;, delegates to Traucai ana  -.Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J. II.  Browne.    6TREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNiON-  Mcetfl second and fourth Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalkcr; con-  ���duotor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J.Marshall;  sentinel, -F.   C.   O'Brien;   delegates      to  'Trades nnd LaOior Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  .J.  Howes.  ���UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF    CAR-  - PENTERS and Joiners���-Meets every second and fourth Thursday Jn Union Hall,  ���room No. 3.   President, Wm. F. Molven-  -zle, 167 Ninth avenue; vlce-prcsidont,  Huf.li Wilson: recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; financial sccre-  vtarv, II. S. Falconer; treasurer,' George  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; war-  ���den. Jos. Dixon; delegates to 1. and l_  -council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  II. Wilson.   -THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  ���Sunday in each month at 3 p. ni. in Union hall,  corner pu.-_2_.iilr    and Homer  . streets. J.  Stoncy.  vice-president:   R. J.  ������Neary. secrotary. Cedar Cove, P. p., Xan-  ..comer.  Visiting brethren Invited  to at-  -.tend. __l   INTERNATIONAL    ASSOCIATION-OF  JIACIUNISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1SJ-  Meois pecond and fourth. Wednesday ln  -each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm.  Beer; corresponding   secretary, ~3.  * Tlmmln-, 720 Hamilton street: financial  secretary, J. II. MeVety. 12U Seymour  street.  JOURKNYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERICA,    No.    178-Mcets   alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. Presl-  -dent, F. W'illlams; vice-president, Miss  ���Graham: recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  ritt: 'ilnancial secrotary, Tremalno Best;  treasurer,   C.   E.    Neilson;    sergeant-at-  arnis, J. Daotist.   ��� THE    VANCOUVER    LABOR    PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month In Union Hall.   Presl-  ���ident,  Geo.   Bartlev;    first vice-president,  ���Geo. Wllbv; .-ccoria* vice-president, T. H.  ���Cross; recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial secretary. John Poaroy; statistician, jr. Williamson.   rVANCOm-iTTlTsHERM'EN'S UNION,  ���"-No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  tstrcet, overy first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. in. Ernest Burn, prcsi-  -dent: Chas. Durham, secretary, S17 Harris street.    JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'!.. Union of  .America, Local, No. A0; Vancouver, B. C.  President, Jas. Webster; vice-president,  Tt. F. McDonald; recording secretary,  Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  F, Rawllng, cm Granville street, room JO;  -financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell  street; treasurer, W. Wood; mastcr-at-  -aims, F. Moylos; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Rawllng.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECOUATOns, Local Union No. 13S.  Meets every Thursday ln Labor hall. Preceptor, XV. Davis; president, XV.  Pavler;  -���vice-president, E. Crush; recording-secretary. C. Plnder, 17..9 Eighth avenue, Fair-  view: financial secretary, XV.- Halllday,  Elesmcre   House;   treasurer,   H.   McSor-  *Ioy; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  -Cole.  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CARPENTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, Jst  branch, meets every alternate Tuesday,  4n room No. 2, Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidi-on; secretary, J. T. Bruce, 52S Harris   street.  C"-. uUKS'     UNION,     NO.     357���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  ���in Union hall. President, A. Kochel: vlco-  Tiiesldcnt,' C.     Crowder;     secretary,  G.  Thomas, Jr., US Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. XV. Brat; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  "THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  ���meets in O'Brien's Hall,     the first and  third   Tuesdays of each month.      T.  A.  Phillip, president; N. J. 'Orr, secretary,  ���2,022  Westminster Avenue.  Is    tlie  new  The Mint  saloon   nt  the   corner  ��� of Ciirrail anil Hastings streets. Care  jgoods are the be.st, and the prices 0. K.  .Seattle Itainier beer, 5 cents.  When you want to hire a first-class  'hor3e and buggy, go to the Palace  i.lvery stables.  Telephone 125.  Convnlewents need Eicon 1'ort���"tlie  builder up of the weak"���SOc bottle.  ���Gold Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  The Toronto Star says that the new  alliance, so to speak, between the labor  unions ami the Lord's Day Alliance Ih  .slgnlflc.int, and will be watched with  interest b.v those In .the labor movement who remember thnt a community  ��� of .sympathies has not always seemed  to exist between the two bodies. The  Xeellnsr manifested, however, at the last  -meeting; of the'Toronto Trades Council  was extremely cordial, and the vote ln  ���favor of the resolution declaring1 for  ���co-operation wns practically unanimous. The truth is that, both the  lord's Day Alliance people and the  labor people have advanced along1 the  Jljies of progress and mutual toleration.  As far back as 1S73  the* Lancashire  cotton  operatives,  after   a. desperate  light with the political economists, obtained    from  the    then    conservative  government a law making it legal to  work  only  ,*>G 1-2 hours per week.   I  have  to  ask  my  renders  to bear  in  mind oni'o more that the individualistic  competitive    free    trade    system,  which had been eairled to victory, both  by the aid  of  the manufacturer and  the political economists, had as one of  Its eatilinul principles no legislative Interference with trade or with the individual, and thus the house ot commons  when it pivs-siM this bill, both directly  and Indirectly, assailed  that principle,  and    established    a better    principle,  namely, the right, or the duty, of tho  representatives of the people to pass  legislation in the interest of the people.  Of course, lt Is but fair to add that tho  struggle in this case was made on behalf of the women and children work-  Ins In the factories; and, no doubt, tho  success of the moa-enient, which  demoralized the liberal party in Lancashire  ���because the liberal party at that .time  was dominated by the   doctrinaires-  was due to the humanitarian view of  the case.   Protection was asked for the  women and the children, that seemed  both light and Just In the higher Interests of the race; but as there were  men as well as women working in the  factories they got tlie same benefits as  the  women.   In  1S71-2,  after a great  strike, both the building and engineering trades got a  nine-hours day, but  they lost what they had gained in overtime.   One of  the difficulties connected with this phase of the labor movement, at least up lo 1SS3, was that the  leading lubcr leaders opposed any, application  to  p.iili.'iinent in  this direction.   The:- were Imbued with the doctrines   of   the   schools,   and   regarded  parliament."ly   interference   as   justifiable only in extieme cases and neces  slties.   During the last fifteen years a  marked change linn taken place.   This  has  been due,   llrst,   to  the  socialists,  wlio have once more exercised a strong  influence in labor circles; and, second,  to tho problem of tlie unemployed.   Today, n.i. an evidence of the change In  opinion,  the  minimi   trade union   con-  ress   made  its   unanimous appeal   to  parliament  for an eight-hour bill.   So  far ono rlgnllcnnt victory has been won  through political influence, and that is,  an eight-hour day for government employees.   Tlio movement stands at this,,  though   the   engineers    made  a. great  fight to obtain eight hours, but failed.  The federated .strength of capital was  stronger  than .the  federated  strength  of labor.   This demand thon brings us  face to face with an agitation which,  if  successful,  will    revolutionize    tne  worldly circumstances of our working  classes, and will herald in a. new era  of hop- and promise of better things.  Let  us  deal   with   the  demand   fairly  and  srjuarcly.   In  the first place,  this  demand Is just,  because the hours of  labor are  not placed on an equitable  basis.   If   1   understand   this   demand,  aright, it means that the working man  desires to obtain a fair share of the  real  pleasures of life;  It means  that  his hours to-day debar him from either  possessing or enjoying the intellectual,  social and  religious privileges of life;  and It means thait man, the worker. Is  not to be regarded as a mere beast oi  burden, but  that he is a man witli a  mind to feed, with a heart to cultivate,  with a soul to educate, and thnt in order   to   perform   these  functions,   ho  must hare opportunities given him to  come   In   contact   with   the   finer  nnd  purer  things  of  life.   There  may  be,  and  no doubt  there are,  other things  involved In this  demand, but such, I  take  to  be some of the chief  things  tilmed.at ���suppose-thn.Ht-will-be conceded, when labor claims a fair share  of the comforts of life, of which It is  a chief agent ln producing, that labor  is   only   asking    what    is    fair,   for  wouldn't   It   be   a siul   perversion   of  things If tiie laborer whose labor enriches life should himself be no sharer  of the things which are essentially useful and  beautiful.   This   is the point  where the shoe pinches.   In the village  where I wns brought up weaving  and  mining  were  the  principle' industries.  In the days of my youth, nnd I am not  very old yet, It wns customary to lake  a boy when he wns eight years ot age,  bind   lifin   as an apprentice   for   five  .vein's, and In the weaving shop he had  to sit and work from six ln the morning to eight nnd nine o'clock at night.  I hnve known boys taken Into the mine  at  eight and   nine nnd   ten  years of  age.   I  have  known  them  going Into  the mine nit two, three, four and live  o'clock  in   the morning,, and  not get  home till four, live, and six o'clock in  the evening.   If It was winter time he  never saw God's sunlight or daylight  except on the Sabbath day.   That did  not happen always, but then, there ���������was  no law to prevent lt In these'days, and  what was worse >there_ was no public  opinion  against such a condition  of  things.   Even yet our miners have to  be down 10 to 12 hours per day ln a  mine.   Things arc no better in this country.   In our mills  largely lilled  with  young people  of both    sexes,  capital  drags  them out of their beds at 6 in  the morning, and won't let them leajve  till  6 o'clock  In  the  evening.     With  others things are no better.   Most of  my rendei-3 will  remember the great  railway  strike  which    took   place  in  Scotland   many, years  ago.   The  men  sought shorter hours.   Men put In the  most critical and responsible positions  In  which men can be placed,  for the  lives of thousands were in their hands,  yet notwithstanding this grave responsibility,  had   to   woric from  12   to 10  hours per day.   I see from the Locomotive Fireman's Magazine that ln the  States car drivers stand on their feet  14 to 1G hours per day. the _>mJ-emen  until  recently from. 12 to IS hours a  day, and the. iron workers of Pennsylvania 1�� horn's per day, 303 days In the  year.   Now  labor under such    conditions as these, instead of being a blessing becomes a curse, and the laborer  becomes    a miserable    and    degraded  drudge.   Leaving out of sight just jiow  the baneful elfects of long hours, effects   which    oftentimes    drove    the  mother, made for the home, to dwell in  the home, and  to brighten  the home  ���the poor man's palace���to rush into  the  factor}-   to  earn  enough  to  keep  body and soul together, and that drives  thousnnds of raw, weak, sickly children Into the army of wage earners, effects which will reveal themselves yet  In a ruined and demoralized pace unless some radical remedy conies soon,  what  can   be  the  interest  of life to  those who toil and moil In this manner from morning til! night?   Dr. Lyman Abbott, in an article dealing with  meh questions, says:   "Four gifts God  has given  to all his children   to possess freedom are air, water, sunlight,  land.   Well then, how much air or sun-  ligh nnd land do the great majority of  working men possess in freedom?"   If  it Is true that God has given these four  gifts to al! His children  to possess In  freedom, then it seems to bo tlie right  thing to do, if we Intend to carry out  God's   idea   that   all   labor   should   be  made so  far as hours can solve this  problem   as  that   the    working   man  should be enabled to use, possess and  enjoy these gifts as fully as possible.  Dut does he?   What of God's free all-  does that one enjoy who I.s cooped uo  In  a blore-for 12 or 11 hours a day?  What  of  God's  sunlight  does a man  enjoy that works in a mine or a factory  for 9 or"l0 or 12  hours    a. day?  God's sun I.s hardly up when they go  in. and is going down when they'come  out.   Besides we know  such  deprivations of essential things robs men of  their health and strength, encourage a  rate of mortality almost akin to murder, and cloud the laborer's life with a  veil  of darkness ���through  whlcli  little  or no brightness is seen.   No, no, men  must, breathe more of God's bracing air  and bask more in God's sunshine.     Labor must be redeemed and .purified.   It  mun bo dignified In reality as well as  In sentiment, and those who live by It  and through It, whose energies or body  and  mind  are consecrated  to It, and  who enrich ail, must have hours and  a life that will aver bring him fresh  joys,  comforts  and  strength,  so that  labor will be a Joy to them.   I believe  In tjie righteousness of the demand for  an  eight-houra system, because many  of the evils patent would be removed.  There would-be work for moro  men,  women would not require to leave their  homes to earn a living, boys would receive a proper education, tlielr bodies  would become more fit for tho burden  of labor before putting tlielr hands to  the   plough,   while   the   man   himself,  with' his hours for recreation, reading,  athletics,   music,   would,   while   being  enobled by these hours, take to his rest  a more cheerful and contented spirit,  would go to his work full of courage,  bors one day ln seven.   That day is  not lost, while Industry is suspended,  while the plough lies   in the furrow,  while the exchange is silent, while no  ���smoke ascends from the factory, a progress is going on  quite as important  to the wealth of nations as any which  is performed en more busy days. Man,  the machine of machinery, the machine  compared with which all contrivances  of the Watts and the Arkwrlght3 ore  worthless in repairing and winding up.  so that he returns    to his labors on  Monday   with   clearer   intellect,   with  livelier spirits nnd with renewed corporeal   rigour.   Never    will   I   believe  that  that which  makes a population  stronger  and  wiser,  and   better,   can  ultimately  make  it  poorer.   You   try  to frighten us,  by  telling us that ln  some German factories the young men  work seventeen  hours of the twenty-  four,   that  they  work1  so  hard   that  among thousands there Is not one that  grows to such a stature that he can be  admitted into the army, and you ask  whether,  If we pass this bill we con  possibly   hold   our   own   against   such  competition as this.   Sir, I laugh at the  thought of such  competition.   If ever  we are forced  to yield  the foremost  place among the nations, we shall yield  It not to a race of degenerate dwarfs,  but to some people pre-eminently rigorous in body and mind."   These aire  noble   thoughts,   and   clothed in' noble  words.   They arenas applicable to the  demand for eight as they were for the  ten-hour bill,   and   we   have   only to  think them  over to  realize how true  and  weighty Is ithe  argument of the  great statesman. PHIZ.  (To be continued.)  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e<3v-  Turner, Beeton if Co,  Wholeealo Agent*  VANCOUVER, VICTORIA, NELSON, B. C.  All tlie caulkers aro at work, tho recent trouble at Cfltcs' yard having been  satisfactorily settled through Commissioner Uromncr.- An agreement was  signed to take effect on June 1st.  P. O. BOX 296. ^ 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesale Agents for  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brandts:  MOXOGRAM, maeguerita,        bouquet,  OUR SPECIAL, KL JUSTILLOV  EL CONDOR,      ���*" SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.  the "Klnj. QmdttT" Skoe kan fceun __-ate_Ub_��h�����kMA'J____M  _th�� highest award at tho P_rio.Sxpo8lt.o__. _Ul��-*i-ttaaM)& WW  UNION LABEL B�� nn that " King Quality* ia bxan-Ud on r*u&mii, wiSS  muni psrfeotgsatlif-otioB.  . Made by THE J. D. KING C0.,.i-lmHed. Toronfn��__-~J  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Oonio'va street.  Clubb & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  ���MoHae & McDonald, Hastings street,  east.  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  13. I.arsen, Hastings Street.  J: Carrelll, Cordova street.  Simon & Co., Cordova street.  n~n(l-sla<lne.ss, "aiid In his work would  put increased and Increasing skill and  Intelligence. Of course there are thonn  who oppose this demand. They say if  It were granted .that British trade and  commerce would be ruined, that capitalists would not be able to compete  agaliii't other capitalists, ami therefore ultimately the working man  would suffer. Macauley, (he great essayist and historian, has well answered  nil these objections. It was at the time  when there was a great agitation for  the ten-hour day, ami In support or  that demand lie made the following  speech, a speech whlcli ho deemed tho  best lie ever made: "Man is the great  Instrument that pitxluces wealth. Tlie  natuml difference between C'ompanlce  and Splt-beni is briefly compared with  the difference between a country Inhabited by men full of bodily and mental rigor, and a country inhabited by  men sunk into a bodily and mental decrepitude. Therefore it is we are not  poorer but richer, because we have  through many ages rested from our Ia-  For stomach trouble of any Mnd take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets. 'Theycui*  or you get your money batik. 00c box.  McDowell,. AOdns,'.iWatBon- Coc  pgsgiSgsggairtsagKag*  JUnkm-made Cigars.'  o_3__?h_!_:t.'s_=-___e   ��.13tK*_�� I  n ��� sbh&'sssskssssb'-sss  s.��tSs-!sk-=_bss_55:^  ---^atttJ?!  COrTUOHTtO  iFWlowlng Is o. list of the Union el-  gar factories In Brltlish Oolumlbia wfoo  use >the blue lalbel:  "W. Tietjen, No. 1���DIvlsibn No. 38,  Vancouver.  ' Kuittz & Co. XO. 2���Division No. OS.  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar Manufacturing! Company, No. 3���Division No. 3S, KVunlooips.  IB. Willberg & Co., No. 4���OlvJslon No.  38, New Westminster.  T. ~Vlo��st!oak, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  ' Ketonvnai ShipperB' Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, KeOtowna.  Wright Bros, No. S���'Division No. 38,  Hosslnnd.  Kootenay Oigair Manuifaoturlng Company, No. 10���Division No. 38, Neison.  Molns & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, Vdctoria.  M. Bantley, No. 5���Division No. 37,  V.otorla.  ' Island Cigar FaatJory, G. Norman, No.  C���Division No. 37, Vldtoria.  ���-(Province Cigar Co.,  No. 7���Division  No~-37,"-V*lctort_i_ =  .'a. Scflwvoter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Vtetoria,  P. Gable, No. 9���Division No. 37, Nanalmo.  ' J. Levy, No. U���DivC-don No. 37, Vic  torla.  *M. J. Booth, No. H-JJIVtolon No. 37,  Nanalmo.  C. G. Beduisen���Division No. 37, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Cnpltol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  Greenlee* Brothers.  L����SNE, RARE OLD and  Ci. B. LBQUEUR WHISKIES  Are iow asked for in Preference  fo ani| other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street."  "GIVE A MAN HIS  DOLLAR'S WORTH  And you lmve thnt mun for u customer" hits  been my limctico in doing biiklnei. nml by  tlint rule hns built up n inrge busim.".!.. For  tlio next month I uin offering GKI_A'l' BARGAINS in BOOTS mid SUOliS.  EASTERN PRICE SHOE STORE  1A2 Iliibtlnga. Street "Hst.  CANADIAN  yyn\j*A&i\Mt&  and  MONTREAL BAKERY  WKST.M 1 .VftTKU AVI.NUE.  Ice Gream, 40c Qt.  CREDiT:  Times are hard and cash is scarce,  and is likely to be till after the fishing  season. On the other hand we are  placing our students into 'positions so  fast (30 in seven weeks), that we will  be short ot graduates for the fall business. For 'tills reason we are prepared  to ninike .arrangements (with responsible parties) for a full commercial  course in such a way that the full fee  Is not payable till tlie end of the six-  months course. Offer open till June  ���loth, 1901.  The H.B.A.Vogcl Commercial College  P.   O.   Box  347.  Vanoouver,  v*5'  B.   C.  PATRONIZE UNION CLERKS.  All oenlKr> of Ihe R. C. 1. P. A. cia sbaw Ibis curd.  Ask lor it when making your purchase!.  cnoonaco av thc a   r. or L.  ONC.THIHD AGTUaL SIZK.  COLOR IS CHANGED EACH QUARTER.  Good only during months nnruod on right  hand conior and wlion proporly BiKopd olid  STAMPED with the number of the Local.  BiJCKANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725;_1a-tlngs St.      Union Labor Only  Old Books  Wanted  -AT���  GALLOWAYS..  BOOK EXCHANGE,  ,139 Hastings and  v���--���"" - 14 Arcade  Why do you cough when ���< BIG 4  COIGH GORE " will cure you.  PACIFIC  LINE  World'*  Scenic  Hotitc  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points ln Canada and tho United State*.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TEADf  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.     _  SAILINGS FOB .AM*. _1ND CHINA.  Empress of China May 6th  Empress of India May 27th  Kmprcss of Japan Juno 17th.  and every four weekB thereafter.  BAILING FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Aomngi May 3nJ,  Molina May 31st,  Miowera June 28th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc*  npply to  JAMES SCLATBK,  Ticket Agent,  ���12S Hastings St,  '       Vancouver, B. O  E. J. COYLE,  A. G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  $u|)|)ly  Prom Their N'tintilnio.Koiithtlelrinnd  I*rot4jctioi_ lt-Und Colllericfi,  Steam, Gas  and  House Coal  Of tbe Following Guides:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mine,  Waalud Nut nod  ~j>creen_n|t��.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent! ��� '  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  the independent;  $1.25 a Year. _ ���;'  :   I  '���Til  j*.  ift  f  '&'  arasnrarti THE INDEPENDENT.  si:  SATURDAY MAT 18,  1301  SILHAGDSDL  Mv Mind Is M) kingdom.  Ky niiiiil to me a kingdom it,,  Such present Joyi, i.liciem I find,  Tlint It excels nil other bibs  Tluit earth afford1-, or glows by kind;  Though iiiueli I  wuiit which  inu.it uoulil  have  Yet sllll my miml forbids me crave.  No princely pomp, no wealthy store,  No foree to villi the victory,  No wily wil lo-tilve n ������oie,  No chape lo feed a loving eye;  To nolle of then' 1 yield as thrall;  J-'or why'.'   My uiiiul iloili ..erve for all.  1 t,ce how plenty Milfoil1- oft,  And linsiv climbers soon do fall;  1 see that tho*i- which are alofl  Mishap dotb ihretilen most of alt;  They net with loll ihey keep with fear,  ouch caies my m'.iul couht nevei bear.  Content to live, this is my stay;  1 heck no more than may .siitllcc;  1 press lo heai uo haughty sway;  Look, what I lack my mind supplies;  3,01   thus I It lumph like a king,  Conieutwith what my mind will bring.  Some lia\e too much and blill do crave;  I little have and seek no more,  They are bin poor, though much they have  Aud l urn rich with little stoic;  They pool, I rich; they beg, I give;  They lack. I leave; thoy pine, 1 live.  J laugh not at tuiotliei ':. loss:  1 grudge not al another's pain;  No worldly waves my mind can toss;  My state at one doth Mill remain;  lfear no foe, 1 fawn uo friend:  J loath not life, nor diead mine end.  Borne weigh theii pleasute by their lust,  Their wisdom by ihclr rage of will;  Their treasure is their only Irust;  A cloaked crnii their.store of skill;  Iiut all tbe treasures that I liud  Js to maintain u quiet mind.  My wealth is health and perfect case;  My conscience clear my chief defence;  1 neither reek by bribes to please,  Nor by deceit to breed offence;  Thus do 1 live; thus wiil 1 die;  Would all did so as well as 1.  ���Sir Edward liver.  ljong lift1 is denied us;"therefore let us  <lo something to show that we have  lived.  Men.ni idleness is the jiaroiil of moral  sinil jiliysiciil deireneraoy. Head Tho  _h'de|ie__<|o_il,  li was a Victoria "SI. J,. A. who hail a  Chinaman hal;e hamulus for sweet  potatoes.  Its up to the census man to demonstrate to Victoria that it is not the  whole cheese in I?. C.  Success is a building on three foundations���-the gift of Providence, the exertion of man and the opportunities of  Jife.      ,  This should be. the key-note: Unity  in all things union, liusinei-s methods  in all business matters.  Oo something worth living for, worth  dying for; do .something to show that  you have a mind, and a heart, and u  Mill within vou.  Time is valuable; do not throw it  away, but make every day and every  hour tell either for your growth, health  or jirolit.  The dispatche says that Wins-ton  Churchill is the coming man. Wonder  if lie had a fil'ty-t hous-and line contract  with the associated press.  "Sir," said the young man, "I ask  for your daughter's hand."  "Young man,'' replied the father,  "lam not disposing of her in sections.'.'  " [ wonder," said the philogical boarder, "why a fight is called a scrap?"  ��� "Because it is a broken peace," the  cheerful idiot explained, with his usual  promptitude.  A man is not necessarily a fop who  :_wears._c!ean_boots_aml-neektie.���iiut,  like the company he keeps, he is generally judged as being indolent and careless if he don't.  The following notice is posted in a  pleasure bout belonging to a steamship  winpany on the Tuir, Iceland: "The  chairs in the cabin are for thu ladies.  Gentlemen are rei| nested not to make  use of them till the Indies arc seated."  Personality does not impose limitations  on the actions and industry of men and  the well-being of tho Community as pos-  Hussion  of Land does, anil, therefore, I  i freely own  that compulsory expropria  tion is a thing which is admissible, and  even sound in principle.���Gladstone.  Assume a Virtue.  "Assume a virtue, though you have it nol."  When you are cold pietend that jou are hot:  When you are hot pretend Hint you are cold;  When vou are broke pretend that jou've lota of  gold;  When you are flush, pretend that you are broke.  When you are suddost, tell a funny Joke.  The world takes man for what man seems to be  bo Just assume a \ irtue, and you'll see. '���  ���Philadelphia Record.  " Now, darling, Mill you grant me one  favor before I go?"  " Ye-, (ieorge, 1 will," shesaid,drooping her eyelashes and netting her lips in  shape. " What is the favor 1 can grant  you ? "  " Only a little song at the piano, love.  1 inn afraid there is a dog outside waiting lor me. and 1 want to scare him  awav.'*  Tt i* not considered good form by ye  editor for patrons to clear the Arlington's muM. inviting free lunch counter  everyday. >'ur is it a sign of the "full  dinner pail.-' Jlut then _\Iine Host  Huntley, an old-time unionist by the  way, believe.- in tbe policy of live and  let live, therefore doesn't complain  about it, though no drinks arc bought,  especially \ilien a hungry reporter is on  his rounds,   lie's dead easy.  Last market day over in tho toilet  room ol" a New Westminster hotel a  Chilliwacker was combing his hair, pulling and tug-ting at it, just before going  to dinner. I.ookimr round towards some  other guests netting fixed up for the  miil-day meal be said most pitifully:  " I've often wondered how you city folks  must suffer a= combs yer hair out every  day. Tt brings tears to my eyes just to  comb m ine out once a year." This is  a moral for bald heads.  Mark Twain is said to have worked a  point on an enemy by threatening to  make public his private character.  Asked; "Did you know something  about bis private character, then ?"  " N'o,'' Mark Twain replied, "but I know  everv man has got one ! "  There is a Sabbath school in Vancouver that has hull? i'l1 W the walls besides tho usual .Scriptural motfos ftich  inspiring inscriptions as "smoke blue  label cigar.-." ''eat union-niade bread,"  "don't forget to .-ee lhat. the union label  is on your hat," "always eat in a union  restaurant.-' This is the way to educate the voting.  getting to be more and more trying. It  was selected and set apart last November as a day of rest. 1 already had six  of them per week, before. This morning found the new creature trying to  clod apples out of that forbidden tree.  Monday���The new creature says its  name N Kve. That is all right. I have  uo objections. Says it is to call it by  when 1 want it to come. I said it Mas  siiperlluous, then. The word evidently  raised me in its respect; and indeed it is  a large, good word, and will bear repetition.   It says it i.-not an It, it is a She.  Saturday���I escaped last Tuesday  night, and travelled I wo days, and built  me another shelter, iu a secluded place,  and obliterated my tracks as well as 1  could, but she hunted me out by means  of a beast which she has tamed aud calls  a wolf, and came making that pitiful  noise again, andsheddiiig that water out  of the places she looks with. ��� 1 was obliged to return with her, but will presently emigrate again, when occasion  offers.  Sunday���fulled through.  Monday I believe I see what the week  i.s for; it is to give time to rest up from  the weariness of Sunday. It seems a  good idea. She has been climbing that  tree again.   Clodded her out of it.   She  id nobody was looking. Seems to  consider that a suflicicnt justification  for chancing any dangerous thing. Told  her that. The word justilication moved  her admiration���anu envy, too, 1 thought.  It is a good word.  Tuesday���She has taken up with a  snake now. The other animals are glad,  for she was always experimenting with  them and bothering them; anil  I am  id, because the snake talks, and this  enables me to get a rest.  Ten years later���A Iter all these years  I see that I was mistaken about Eve in  the beginning; it is better to live outside the Garden with her than inside it  without her. ��� At first 1 thought she  talked too much, but now I should be  sorry to have that voice fall silent and  pass out of my life. Messed be the  lestnut that brought us near together  and taught me to know the goodness of  her heart and the sweetness of her spirit!  ADAM'S DIARY DY MARK TWAIN.  Adam's Diary is Mark Twain's latest  production iu Harper's Magazine. Here  are some extracts from the Diary, "translated 'from the original .M.S.;" they  refer to lCve's doings soon after her  arrival in Eden, which is located iu the  neighborhood of the Niagara Kails :  Monday���This new creature with the  long hair is a good deal in the way. It  is always hanging around and following  me about. I don't like this; I am not  used to company. I wish it would stay  wilh the other animals. Cloudy to-day,  wind in the east; think we shall have  rain. We ? Where did I get that word?  T remember now���the new creature uses  it.  Wednesday���Built me a shelter against  the ruin, but could not have it lo myself  in pence. The new creature intruded.  When 1 tried to put it out it shed water  ont of the holes it looks with, and wiped  it away with the back of its paws, and  wade a noise such as some of the other  animals inaku when they are in distress.  I wish it would not talk; it is always  talking. That sounds like a cheap ding  at the poor creature, a slur; but 1 do not  mean it so. I have never heard the human voice before, and any new and  strange sound intruding itself here upon  the solemn hush of these dreaming solitudes offends my ear and seems a false  note.  Saturday���The new creature eats loo  much fruit Wc are goiug-to run short,  most likely. " We" again���that is its  word; mine, too, now, from hearing it so  much. Good deal of fog this morning.  1 do not go out iu the fog myself. The  new creature does. It goes out in all  weathers, and stumps right in with its  muddy feet. Aud talks. It used to be  so pleasant and quiet here.  Sunday���l'lillcd through.   This day is  MARKET QUOTATIONS.  Va.ncouvmi, May 2.1, 1001.  [Corrected by Koran Uros., grocers, 311  Carrall street.]  Flour���  Multiloba Hungarian, sack,  5011m  f 1 23    @J13o  Grain���  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs  175    @    2 00  Oats, ion  23 00          20 IK)  liir.ii, ton  22 00  Shorts, 1 ton  20 00  Feed-  Hay, ton  12 00    ��1100  Sugar-  Sugar, Sack  5 GO           SCO  Vegetables-  Potatoes-, old, 100 lbs  175    @    2 00  Turnips, 100 lbs  05  Onions, lb  7                7  Cabbage, lb  2%            3  Celery, 12 bunchs  20              30  Farm Produce-  Eggs, doz. fresh  25     @     23  Eggs Case, Manitoba, do/.. 20  Mutter, Creamery, prtnLs.... 27              30  Mutter, Creamery, in tubs lb 27              30  Mutter, Dalrv, piinis  20              23  Mutter, Dairv, lu tubs,lb.... 22  Cheese, Ontario, lb  15              17  Cheese, Manitoba, lb, old... 15  Laid, lb  15                15  Lard."-lb. palls  '15               <!.'>  I,ard 5-1 b. pall"  70              70  I.ard 10-ib. pulls  14             1 _l)  I.ard 20-lb pails  2 73           2 SO  Fruit���  Pears, Evaporated  10              12,'.  Apples, local, box  75           125"  Oregon Apples, liox  2 00           2 20  Vernon Apples, hot  175           175  Oranges, doz  25              -10  Lemons, doz  15              20  Bananas, doz  25              30  SWEET QUARANTINE.  The recent quarantine of a dozen or so  smallpox suspects proved to be only a  ease nf measles.   The place under guard  by the strong arm of the law was Miss  Honnelly's large boarding house, near  the   corner   of  Georgia   and  Richard  streets.    The following lines  Mere oft  .-ung by those temporarily incarcerated:  Air: Clpincnlinc.  ltniiii'l from (.leorgln, near a church tower  Where no roses do entii ine,  standii our grand artistic mansion  Which Is held In quarantine.  Chotus:  Quarantine, hoys; quarantine, boys;  Hut for home we do uot plue.  You may bet It, we'll icgret it,  When we leave our quarantine.  Karly rising lias no terrors,  l'ot we do not rise till nine,  When wc stampede for Ihe breakfast  Served In Hotel Quarantine.  Morning work consists of writing  For a paper big and line,  Large-l sale in all the piovlncc  Is tbe Daily tjuarautino.  Then we dine on choicest dainties;  Chicken, lobster, oysters, wine,  To the envy of all boarders  Kept outside our quarantine.  Now we've got this far In lyric,  Doctor conies anil spoils our rhyme,  Suy�� no small-po.v, only measles,  Fare thee well, sweet quarantine.  ���-W.L.S.  L' Envoy  When we rieshcd off for a bar-room  And we slood up all in line,  Oidered cock,tail, wine acil lager,  And we drank to Quarantine.  Next the toast was to the maiden  Who made goo-goo eyes so (ine,  She whocheeieil us, made us happy,  While we were in Quarantine.  .Vow we'll just have one glass more, boys,  For the sake of Auld I.ang Syne,  As tonight wo must be sober,  For the dance al Quarantine. .  -J. McX.  Genius is largely only another name  tor hard work. Genius dead is no better  than any other corpse. Some men may  attain lo a success not achieved by others in securing new members for tho  union, but there's not one who cannot  speak to his neighbor about it.  Mason ��> SSisch  May be bought by monthly instalments from  Gideon Hicks & Co.  23 lias tines street, 88 Govominpn t st.  Vancouver, - Victoria.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���=-.  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  520 Cordova St. W��� Vancouver, B. C. Tel. 70  Palcutccs and designers of the Hurdle*  Thompson water tube boiler, new high  speed   reversing engines, nnd special  Thompson water tube boiler, new high  speed reversing engines, nnd special  machinery lu light sections for mines.  ��� Want a New Bike?  ���  ���  <-j. Come  in and let us toll vou about our new X  <$��� Easij Payment PSan.   You'll own a high-grade X  ^ wheel before you realize it is costing you anything. X.  ASK ABOUT ST.  Bicycle Store  24 Cordova St.  SOLK AGENT'  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLE&.  ���  McLennan,  McFeely & Co.  ���WHOLESALE AND  RETAtCJ  DEALERS  IN  Shelf and Heavy  The name oi Pncksird is a guarantee of the highest quality, Elylo-  iind lit produced in shoo .leather, an American bhoo that is not tin-  experiment, but enjoying the largest output of any shoe in the-  Uiiit'U States trade of shoes. Wo have them in all leathers, shape--  and styles and are the exclusive agents in this vicinity.  $5.0�� Per Pair.  t  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  FOR GENTLEMEN'S HIGH ART,  TAILOR-MADE GARMENTS  SUITS TO ORDER  OR READY-TO-WEAR  AT HALF BEST TAILORS' PRICES.  334 Hasting St.  Vancouver. S8. C,  PnorELLEits Designed.  En-inks Indicated and  Adjustkd.  Solo Agents ln 11. C. nnd N*. W. Territories lor  the Unltcil Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd  London. Eng.  [Corrcetcil   by   Wide Awake   Butcher   5  Corner Hamilton and Georgia Streets.  Monts-  Becf, Boiling, lb  hop  FLINT'S HllO.MO GKIl'l-JS CUKE,  neve.' talis to completely cure a coU  wltliin 24 hours. Gives Instant relief���  guaranteed, your money Unck. 2Dc.  box ot McDowell, Atkins, Wataon Co.  China lea Sets  ENGLISH CHINA TKA SKTS, llonil  H|irny uml gold decoration, '10  pieces.  $6.50  Bread and  Butter Plates  ENGLISH CHINA IJKEAI) and HUT-  TKIt I'LATKS, pink floral decora,  tlon, wllh gold edges,  $2.25 DOZ.  China Tea Sets  White nnd Gold Doromtcd ENGLISH  CHINA TKA SETS, lily shape  _'l pieces.  $8.50  Water Sets  Clear Crystal AMERICAN' LEAD  GLASS WATEK SETS, 6 tumblers  and pitcher.  65c.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Hall, 319 Habiinos Street.  Corned, lb....  "   Steaks, lb   "   ttoiisls, lb   Pork, Ron.i, Ih....  "   Chop-, lh   Mutton, I.l'ks, lb ...  " Loin. lb....  "      Chops, lh..  Simsngcs lb   Hums, Ih   limn, Sliced, lh....  llncou, Sliced, lb...  "    Side, Ih   "    Hull, lb   Veal, lb   l'lsli-  Hullbut, lh   8  8  10  II)  18  20  IB  Cod, lb..  Herring, lh   Salmon, lh   Smoked Fish,lb....  10  18  IS  W.  IS "  10  1.1  l'i'/i  IftJ.  20  l'<i  18 *  10  10  0  1.1  v>y.  Gold Seal Cttntulinn live is Seagram's  Grand Old live. Only, COe bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Oonipsmy.  The Mint.  Ih located at the romcr of Carrnll and  Hustings Ptreets. Tho bottled goods are  all .tret-clans and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Kuinier beer, fi cents.  ��� Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  S_t your hair cut to suit you:   Corner  amine aud Cordova.   C. JCllis.  ��� Telephone 1���'2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. .1. J. Sparrow, I'lilnco livery  stables.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  - such-that-almost- everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. i. Apply at Office of  LI!  Rodgers Table and  Cutlery at  Tbdafl's Gun Store 52istS.ln9S  SUMMER CLOTflllN��  IrOU MEN AND BOYS  He will bo a well-dressed mini who wears Johnston, Kcrfool & Co.'s  j Clothing this cummer. Well-dressed in every sense of tliu word's Kx-  jcellent materials, excellent colors and pntcrns, excellent workmanship,  |excellent lit,  I       That comes about as near perfection in clothing as it is possible  j to get.  J$8.50, $10.00, $12.50, $14.00, and u|i to $20.00 ihe suil.  JOHNSTON, KERFOOT ��> C��.  Vancouver's Big Clothiers, 104-6 CORDOVA STBECT,  Hatters and Mens'* furnishers, VANCOUVER.  KKKWEESar  SOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOCOSCO'iOOOC  REMOVAL SALEs^��msi��^  LTD.  . Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it?  Pay up your subsorlptlon, to the Independent. Jt dtoes not cost you much  and you ehould' not .hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guaranteed to restore falling* appetite, and  correct any kind of stomach trouble.  SO c. box. McDowell, Atkins, Watopn  Co.  Telepliono 651.  Western Cartage Co  1  , W. A. McDonald  i  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all - Purposes.  1  QBDCRft TAKEN FOR WOOD AND COAL  Officci 3M CaaMe Stmt,  ooooooc  Massey- Harris and Stearns  ALL SIYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRKES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The beit pl*co in B.C. to bare your  Blbycla'repaired.'  The  $j .am ,&.  ���14  (Vi  ti  i  4  \}i  111  1  /  I

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