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The Independent Apr 28, 1900

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 R. G.iBUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Classnare, Hjnncy  Gowls;!riiitod Ware, Lump'  Goods. Cutlery and  Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S '"SSSEKv���  Coffee ltoasters and Grinders.  To get a cup of delicious aromatic  coffee, it should be fresh  roasted and  ground as needed.   Try Dickson's Hkst.  East.  l'liick.  33 Hastings St.  Ability. Tliiiue C31.  VOL. 1.  Tilt COML RECONSIDERS  ihe Living Wage Clause and Decides  Against It.  ���Jaw Popular Resolution Passed on Monday Night  Compelling Contractors to Pay too  Standarg Rate Repealed. ,  VANCUUVEK, B. 0., SATURDAY, APRIL 5W, ]90().  A special meeting of,the City Council  nvas held yesterday afternoon, for the  express.purpostj,of rescinding the motion passed at;Monday's regular meeting ','tliut contractors    for   sewers be  "bound to work'their,  men , the   sune  length of .time as City workmen, viz..  nine hours per day and a half holiday  on Saturday afternoon,  and  that  'lie  ���wages be the sune as tho City pays  ils workmen for similar labor, viz., 24  , cents'per hour, and'that clauses embodying: these suggestions be inserted  in the call for tenders."  .Aldermen Baxter anil "Wood, as mover  and seconder respectively of Monday's  motion,' strongly   opposed   the   motion  that it be rescinded, and were suppprt-  ��m1 by Aldermen' Barker and Foreman.  The aldermen who voted to rescind the  motion   were    GRANT,    NIDEL'ANDS.  McPHAlDEN,      SHAW      AND    MCQUEEN.  The motion was carried by ONE vote  majority.  Alderman Barker then moved that  the work be carried out by day labor,  Aldermen Baxter and Wood, supporting  Win. ��� The remaining members of the  Council, however voted "Nay,",and the  motion was lost.  The reason given for rescinding the  ���former motion land also, for opposing  the later one, Is that It would cost the  CUy some $20,000 extra to carry out the  work.   s  the man who hires the contractor has  to pay the piper.   If the .work can lie  done as cheaply as the contractor experts, a large amount of money will  go Into his pocket that he did not earn.  If he strikes snags that lie did not expect,   he  falls  back  on  Inferior work  that  ultimately  costs  more than   the  original contract.   If the city engineer  has  advised   the  aldermen    that: the  sewers would cost $20.000.more by, day  labor,  he  hap shown  the same  foresight  that  he has displayed in  other  matters.    If the aldermen, think that  the sewers can be constructed cheaper  by  contract   work than  they   can.^y  day labor, they are all wrong.   Our city  fathers have seen fit to call a special  meeting TO RESCIND A FAIR WAGE  CLAUSE.   Let them now-call a public  meeting and give the people a chance  of saying whether they are willing to  run the risk of building the Hewers by  daylabor.   If the"aldermen are honest  in wanting to do what is best in the  Interests of the people, they;will take  this course.   If they are not, they will  proceed In the course they have adopted.   Wc will condemn no man without  first   giving   him   a   fair   and   square  chance of proclaiming himself,  but If  the sewers are constructed by contract,  we will keep our. eye on the men who  voted   against   day   labor  and   a   fair  wage clause.  mm C1MS 0i\ STRIKE  Trouble   Over   Six O'Clock^Closing  Movement.  NO.  Clubs, Societies and Unions Joined with; Clerks  and Store Management Be-  ^_#^  gan Sale.  A correspondent ! says that Butte,  Mont., has been the scene of many  serious labor troubles In the past and  Is now on the1 verge of the worst she  CANADIAN   TRADB   CONDITIONS.  "The extraordinary tide of prosperity  which has set In with regard to everything Canadian, still Hows on without  Interruption," . says the'. Monetary  Times.. "It Is very strikingly reflected  In the budget speech of the finance  minister,, who certainly Is to be congratulated on being hi oflice under the  present favorable corcutnstanccs. When  the trade of Canada Is Increasing year  after year by leaps and bounds, when  our, exports alone are ns much as the  whole volume of Imports and exports  only a,few years ago, when our revenue Is so large as to be amply sufll-  cient' even   for.the  heavily; increased  WORKIiWJS   AEETIKG.  Will  Endeavor to   Put Independent  Candidates in the Field.  Premier Martin's Platform Approved In Toto by i  tbe   Gathering, But the Government  Leader Was Not.  Sf���~���e lab*! in' aris'��-f I ��>'-^'��^ now" prevailing.  to"ZZ  TRAM 0.1!! MEK'S WAGE SCHEDULE.  We know that; comparisons are odious, but we cannot help'comparing the  street   railway  men  of Vancouver  to  work. About two months ago ..the  Clerks' Protective union; which is affiliated with thee Western union, decided  to Inaugurate, a movement to close all  stores at G o'clock.. Theywere successful at first. The move was endorsed  by secret orders, including the Eastern  Star, Workingmen, etc. All the secret  clubs, including the. Women's club and  the.Associated Charities, .were with the  clerks heart.and soul.  Prom the start the clerks were afraid  that Hennessey's (Marcus Daly's big  company store) would refuse to close  at 6 o'clock. Every .other store In the  city closed; but Hennessey, representing', Daly, flatly refused.. The clerks  were In favor of using argument, and  did, until the- Trades. Assembly of  Labor took up the light and made it  their own. -Then trade fell off., All  union  people ceased  trading  *V special meeting of the city council  Was held, on Thursday, afternoon to reconsider a motion passed at last Mon-  finy night's, meeting.    It  was   to  the  effect "That contractors;for sewers be  bound   to work   their  men   the  same  length of/Mine as city workmen, name-  Hy, nine hours a day and half-holiday  on Saturady afternoon,  and  that the  wages be.the same as the city pays  its workmen'for similar labor���24 cents  j��er hour���and that clauses embodying  ���    these suggestions be'Inserted in the call  ���Tor tenders." The above motion, moved  , toy Aid. .Baxter, seconded by Aid. Wood,  ���was    carried    at    Monday's    council,  .mtter the defeat of a.motion to construct the sewers by day labor.., The  ���fentleiuen responsible for the rcscind-  . - Sag ot  the above  motion  are:    ALD.  CUtANT,    mover,   and   McPHATDEN,  seconder, . and    AiLD.    SHAW, "NEE-  .. IjANDS, and McQUEEN. a  K   Aid. Baxter and Wood made a strong  ���appeal  against  the rescinding ot the  motion   and  were   supported   by Aid.  ,S*oremari  and. Barker. 'Aid.    Barker  then  moved, seconded by Aid. Woodr  -   "'tliat the sewers be constructed by day  labor."   This motion was defeated, Aid.'  i'  Barker,  Wood' and  Baxter   being  its  ." only supporters.   The reason given for  ���rescinding, the former, motion and also  "Tor opposing the. latter, is' that.it.would  eeost the city $20,000 more to carry out  the work.   It will thus be seen thatthe  ,,   -majority of {tie Aldermen have all at  .   ��nce displayed a surprising erudition as  to cost of labor.  A very pertinent queg-  ���Hon  would be:    Where  did  they get  their information?- Was it supplied by  the city engineer,  by the contractors,  or did they come to that conclusion by  . their own observations? Can the people  of, Vancouver rely; upon the accuracy  air costs of public works In this city,  ns submitted to them by the city council, previous to the completion of such  contracts?   If the aldermen,say "Yes,"  ���wewould ask, What about the GTan-  ���vill    street   bridge,    Heatley   avenue  i.irtiarf, etc., etc.   True, contract;work  or day labor had  nothing to do with'  ���the difference   these-   works ''..actually  most and  what the aldermen  told  us  ���they would cost.   But," if the aldermen  _^ar^d.Jtie_cUy_enKineer_are_so _very__fal^  liable in other  matters,   how does  it  come that they know so much about  the difference between the cost of day  ��� labor and contract, work?,,If the.alder-  ���-men who voted against day. labor are  Tcally honest   In   their   opinion,  and  ���when  we see the  names of AM; Mc-  Thalden,     Neelands     and     McQueen  ���among;them, we cannot help but (think  that they are. 'We therefore would like  to argue the point with them.   In the  ���first place, day labor Is being rapidly  adopted by governments and uniclpnl-  Jtles all over the world.   They are he-  Klnnlng to realize  that It Is best for  all parties concerned, The work Is done  .  jUBt as,cheap  or cheaper,  because It  j;fe .done  better,  and   the  money; Ihat  i'.Koes. to fatten the contractors' pockets,  Is distributed among those who actuai-  Jy do the work..    Do our city fathers  Imagine, that   contractors  are  In   the  "business for the good of their health?  It the contractor offers to do a Job for  ��� 5100,  he figures that $20 ot that goes  Unto his own pocket.- And to earn that  820, what does he do?  Absolutely noth-  Cng.   He does not even look after the  ���men  who do the work.   The foreman  iaocsi-that. for him.    If then,  the city  constitutes Itself the, contractor, hires  Its own foreman arid Its own men, and  ���undertakes to do the Job Itself. It figures that the work will cost $100 and If  "knows that $20 will not be eaten up by  a man who has no connection wlththe  -���work,  but will  be distributed  among  the actual laborers. The .work would be  done cheaper, I because It will be doiie  totter. .'Whether; the  work, costs $100  or. $100,000  the', .principle  Is the same.  Trie  contractor ��� In 'figuring  for  work  takes.a lot of chances, but in'the end  their more unfortunate conferes of (store and"hundreds cioaVd"5their ae-  London, Ont. The London men have counts. Hennessey bought out the en-  been out on strike for ten months; they   t're stock ��f one of the best dry goods   ���-rf      own.*..  stores   here,   the  Gordon-Lewis   company.   They took, the stock to the big  store and. began sales.   The day of. the  llrstsale the Trades and Labor assembly called a strike., Nearly all the clarks  left. The assembly then got out wagons  with signs,   slating  that  Hennessey's  was the only place In Butte refusing  to close  at  6.    Small    boys    bearing  transparencies stating  that   a   strike  was  on  at  Hennessey's, .paraded  the  streets.  The mlners'uniori held a meeting'and  Daly attempted   to paqk  it,  closing down his mine's so all the! men  in his employ could be there.;:- Clark  was wired to, and he shut down. his  mines so that their Would^ be a fair  deal!   Heinze    did   likewise.' Serious  trouble was, averted by the Daly: men  not trying'to force an Issue.  The whole  city "is Involved In the trouble, and;yet  but one man has been arrested, a...Henr.  nessey clerk who assaulted a striker  ask for a recognition ot their union,  and to be paid at the rate of 16 cents  per hour.   The Vancouver boys would  ridicule    the  ,'man     who" .mentioned  "strike."   .Yet,  commencing: May  1st,  their wages are. being advanced at the  rate of 1 cent, 2 cents, and 2 1-2 cents  per hour,  according to length' of service.  Mr. J. Buntzen, the general manager of the B. C. Electric Street .Railway company,, has always recognized  the union, and is just; as ready to receive  and   talk over  matters  with a  committee, from the union, as he is to  grant an Interview  to the individual  motormanor conductor.    The men of  Vancouver are ready to swear by: their  general manager.   The men of London  have been swearing at theirs for,some  time.  ,We would recommend the workingmen of Vancouver to1 give this item  their  best attention.    We all admire  the ear boys, and are more than pleas-  and  was fined  $25.    The  pawn-shops  ed to hear of anything that will tend   and second-hand stores were still re  to better  their conditions.,,;; In  these.' ���-���  ���  -  days of strikes,  lockouts,  and industrial wars, is it not gratifying to hear  of one company at least thatis ready to  write  across   their   banner. "Fairness  to ^employees."    In. London, Ont;,  the  people; very properly refuse to ride on  the street cars.,   Let every well-wisher  of the street rallwaymon see to It that  the, very,- opposite: is the case m  this  city.    We  congratulate   the   men   of  Vancouver,' and  trust  that the same  harmony will always prevail between  them and: their employees. ,We do not  wish to, criticize: the business methods  of the general manager of the.British  Columbia Electric  Railway company,  or those  of  the  Everett company  of  London, Ont., but we would'incidentally state that the Everett people them-,  selves claim to have lost $50,000 In ten  months, and the British Columbia Electric Street Railway company have declared, or are about to declare, a four  per cent,  dividend.    Verily   the | wild  and woolly west is not so very, woolly  after all.  pleasantest.that any.man can be called  upon to fill.   There are men now living  In the business, world who can remember a time when the finances,and credit  of Canada",were at such a low ebb that  the finance minister of the time used  to  be   badgered  and   worried   by   the  London    bankers- of  the government  about an; overdraft exactly as an Impecunious merchant would be in these  days.    The .blue: books  of, the  period  from 1860 to 1805 give copies of correspondence which would make a Canadian of these days stare with astonishment, and even blush; to have emerged  from such a 'slough of despond' as is  there revealed  to  the Joyful and  triumphant  progress of  these    days    is  something which  speaks  volumes  for  the real resources of the country, and  Justifies   amply   all   the   hopes   which  some sanguine men entertained about  them even In those dismal days.. But  It does much more.    It suggests possibilities with regard to the future that  would seem absolutely visionary If.we  had not a past to reckon by  as the year 1899  Between 200 nnd 300 men attended  Ihe meeting, called by unorganized labor, in the City Hall on Friday evening. - Mr. It. 'Mcpherson was elected  Chairman and Mr. S. Gothard Secretary.  In, opening the meeting Mr. Mac-  Pherson stated that, it "hod been called  for the purpose of discussing the advisability of selecting two candidates  to! represent the projrosed Independent  Party. The discussion* would be Impartial and open to "all,, anil he only  asked their support in keeping order.  .'Mr. Buckle then moved that the  meeting endorse, two Independent candidates.  Ex-Alderman Bruce moved as an  amendment: "That the platform as  laid down by Premier Martin be adopted as the best in the interests of.the  people."  The Chairman stated tlie amendment  was not in order, .which remark the  mover and Mr. McGeer took exception  to.  The meeting supported the Chair by  a large majority.  Mr. H. Cowan then took the floor and  submitted the following  PLATFORM  ed that tho Parliament Houses had  been built in Victoria against the wishes of SO per cent, of the people.1. The  give-away of the Esquimau & Nanalmo  Railway land grant and others Were  briefly dealt with showing how little  control the voice of the poeple had had  In swaying tlie actions of the Government that passed these measures.  Direotly Martin got In the wishes of  the people would be as little respected,  therefore he advocated the running of  two Independent candidates , by the  Labor Party.  Mr. F. Fowler, as seconder of the  amendment supporting the Government platform, but, not.the Premier,  said that tlie labor men could support  the platform and be free and independent outside of the platform''Itself.  (A voice "Free prisoners."���-Laughter.)  The amendment supporting,the Government platform but not Mr. Martin  as leader of the Government, was then  put and carried by a large majority.  It was then moved by Mr. McKlnnon  and carried tha't 10 delegates for each  ward be. elected to attend a, convention for the nomination of Independent  Candidates.  Deleirates were then nominated as  follows:  R.  McKey, J.  Alternate,  o reckon by.   For Just   which he said Jmcl  been accepted by  exceeded the year 1805   all the reform  bodies  throus-ho���7 Xi  Dominion:  maining open along with Hennessey's  Then the city council took a hand  and passed an ordinance- requiring  them to close at G o'clock. Boycotilng  has commenced, and restaurants, lodging houses, etc, everything is boycotted by union men which in any way  patronizes Hennessey's.  TRUSTS. *.  Of suggestions  of remedies for the  evils conected with trusts there is apparently no end, says Bradstreet's. The  latest recommendations upon.the subject come from the special sub-committee  on  trusts of the house Judiciary  committee.     This  sub-committee has  devoted much time lately to nn:exam-  inatlon-of-suggestions-proposed���and,'  after  deliberation,   it  has  arrived   at  the decision to advocate a twofold remedy, comprehending the adoption'of a  constitutional, amendment giving congress    complete    power  to deal. with  trusts,  nnd  the enactment of a new  anti-trust law, which will comprise a  number of amendments to and extensions  of the  Sherman, anti-trust law.  The constitutional amendment provides  that congress shall, have power to dissolve  trusts,   monopolies; or  combinations, whether, existing In the:form of  corporations or otherwise, and further  provides that the several, states may  continue to exercise such power In any  manner not in coiiillctiwlth the, laws  of.the United States.  Tlie legislation suggested for Immediate consideration by congress Increases  the penalties Imposed by the antlrtrust  law of'1890, and, In addition, requires  that "trust-made good" shipped out of  a state be branded or marked,so as to  be easily Identified' as the product of  a trust; prohibits Interstate trnfllc In  "trust-made goods" not so branded and  makes them liable to seizure and condemnation; provides a process of Injunction against combinations sending"  "trust-made goods", from state to! state  or to foreign countries, and prohibits  the use of the malls to concerns, and  their officials proven to be trusts, i Furthermore, .It Is.:recommended that corporations having a. capital of over $1,-  000,000 or doing an-annual business of  $1,000,000 be required.to.flleia report of  their affairs with the secretary of state.  There cannot be too much oare exercised by our municipal health authorities in inspecting the hordes of Japanese immigrants'���- now ��� arriving, i The  scourge of small-pox,now, visiting Winnipeg came via Japan, Japanese coolies  brought the plague to Hawaii and it  is, known that the native steamships  which; bring the; laborers to Victoria  are in the steerage quarters, foul almost beyond conception.- -All these are  warnings of. the need of the utmost  care, v Meantime Inspector Marrion  is doing good..disease- prevention service by summoning the keepers of over-,  crowded Japanese. lodging houses in  Vancouver, though as yet the fines imposed at the ;pollce", Court have ��� been  very small 'and been doubtless, far  more than counterbalanced by the  profits of overcrowding: The more  legitimate restrictions are imposed on  the hordes of Oriental laborers now arriving for. whom there is no scope with-  oult ousting our own people from work,  the better, pending1 Japanese restrictive action In  the  matter.  In development, production, manufacture, foreign commerce, banking and  finance, even by a greater! ratio may  the yeaj 1935 exceed'the year 1899. Indeed, It is far more likely than; htit,  for we ' have vast areas of territory  wliose.resources have scarcely yet been  touched���Indeed.to our shame, are yet  almost unknown.   Our mineral produc- . -    tlon^pf all  kinds.last year amounted | "ie Previous election  to about'.$40,000,000.'- Would.lt be a wild  dream or "biily^a sober forecast to say  that possibly thiS;$40,000,000,may have  Increased to $4D0,00pi000-inr.another forty  years?   Our production of ,wheat and  other cereals in the. north .wesCaiiioiint-  ed to about 50,000,000 bushels last year.  It.'ls. only about twenty years since the  w.'jple of that vast region .hardly grew  efcougli to feed Itself, and was.cut olt  from the world by enormous: wildernesses along:which railways..were'only  beginning to be,built. ;We'.haye merely  scratched the surface of the resources  of. the  northwest so  far,  yet we got  50,000,000 bushels of grainiputof.it last  year. .And'so we .might go.'on'jotting-  down.indications, of enormouse progress  in.many directions, all projepting their  lines of i hope,, and., expansion.in to, the  future."  m.bodies throughout the  Ward I���H. Giimour, S. Gothard, J.  Watson,    J.    Dodd,    H.   ! Buck!  Cusssove,"   A.    Taylor,  H.  Jlarshaiisy and  W.   Pitt.  W. R. Johnstone.  Ward ir.���A. Fletcher,  p...;Atkinson,  M. George, A. "D. Johnston, C. A. McKlnnon, J. H. Browne, 'W. Brand, W.  ���Downey, W. Kellls, J.��� H. McQuanie.  Alternate, R. McKay.  Ward III.���J. Robinson, J. Dale, J.  W. Morgan, A. Glass, T. McKlnnon,  T. Martin, H. Urquliart, G. Irving, J.  Rogers, G.^Howe. Alternate, W. Willing.  Ward IV.���W. McDonald, D. McDonald,  J. Barton, J.  Bruce,. W.  McRae,  |:J. Paul,  R. Sperrow, J. Harrison,  1.  That upon a petition being presented | c������..i���. ^. ���  .   ���    ���     -   --.--���-������"���-"���<�� p'��<^''-eu scarlet, E. Evans.    Alternate, C. Daw-  to the Government asking ifor the repeal  Of tho existing law or tho enacting of a "J*     ,                         .  now law, the Government shall be coon- Ward V.���T.  Graham,  A.  Bruce,  J.  peilod to tako a plabiscite and repeal or McGeer,  A.   G.   Perry,   H.   Wilson,  A.  enact'as the majority votine may dijoide. Mowalt,' G.   L'amfesty,   J.  Morton,   W.  The petition to be signed bj- a number McKenzle, G.  Barker.      Altemti/te,  A.  equal to 10 per cent.: of the vote caut at a,.v��=  lh��  ���_...:��..-    ���     ������  TO ELECT, SENATORS.  Patronize homdj industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," '[Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossom's*' cigars. They are  union made and the best cigars In the  market.  The Rev. F. G. Scott, our Dominion's  well-known poet, has written the following lines as an Inscription for the  Quebec Monument in memory of fallen  Canadian soldiers in South Africa:  Not by the power ot commerce, art or  pen,  Shall  our great  Empire stand,  has It stood;  But by the noble'deeds of noble men,  Heroic lives, and heroes' outpoured  ���������.:'   blood.  The builders of Toronto are apprehensive of a rather duirycar. There  are very few big struoturcs likely to be  erected, the prices of material i liavo  advanced, wages keep their former  level and there are still many, though  fewer, empty dwelling houses. Competition for contracts Is keen and profits are conspicuously low.  i ���:������   UNION MADE.  ���Bradstreet's says about the proposition to elect senators by a direct vote  ot the people" of the respective. states  is not a new one.   It has been repeatedly put before the people, and no little  amount of argument has been made in  advocacy of it.    Encouragement, was  given  to the promoters of the.idea a  week ago by the'action of the house  of representatives in passing a resolution providing for the submission of an  amendment embodying  it to; the legislatures  of  the several  states.  , This  resolution was adopted by a very large  majority,  the vote standing 240 to 15.  The  resolution has been  presented in  the senate and has been referred to the  committee: In privileges' and elections.  Its fate there is regarded as already  sealed,  for according to  the  best informed a majority of the committee Is  understood to be against the plan proposed.   Several members of the committee have. Indeed, publicly expressed  their opposition to it.  Even if the resolution-was- reported "favorably^hbw"  ever, it would have no chance of passing the senate.   That body Is an eminently conservative one, by tradition  as  well as by the nature of its,constitution,   and   there  seems   to  be  no  likelihood  of It voting to change the  manner In  which,  the  members  have  been selected since the adoption of the  constitution.   Moreover, It should not  be forgotten that a simple majority Is  not sufficient to authorize the submission  ot  proposed' amendments  to, the  constitution.   The fifth article! of that  I Instrument provides that two-thirds ot  npr  both houses shall be necessary to Initiate any such step on the part of congress,  nnd  those  two-thirds will not,  according   to    the   best    Information'  available, be procurable In the senate.  It will be seen, therefore, that the large  rote In the house furnishes no Imllca.  Hon of the probable notion of the other  chamber of the national legislature.  2. That eight hours bo a legal work day.  3. Tlutt the contract system on all .public works 1)0 abolished; and a minimum  wage based on,lociil conditions be;paid.  I. That no more public land be alienated by deed or Crown grant to corporations or individuals, but that It be leased  In perpetuity subject only to a fair rental value.  5. ,That all.taxes on industry and the  products.of.industry'.'bo gradually, abolished, and t'he revenue of this municipal,  and provincial governments be derived  by a tax; on land-values.  6. Free compulsory education.  7. Government inspection of all industries.  8. Public ownership of; all: franchises,  such ae railways, telegraph*,'telephones,  and. all. industries that partake of.,tiie  nature of a monopoly. I  9. Tho union label on all roanufoctur-  Sykes.  ���Numerous motions and amendments  were then put as to the date the delegates should    meet,  Messra.    McKlnnon,    Gothard;     McGeer,   J. Browne.  Fowler and others speaking.    Several  speakers advocated waiting;till' after  the Government Convention had' been  held so that they could;see!who was  nominated   on    that  ticket.     Messrs.  Gothard, Browne, and others objected;  the meeting was io elect Independent  Labor candidates and had nothing to  do with any.other, convention, or candidates.     Mr. A. C.MoKlnnon,"moved  that the. delegates  meet  on  Monday  evening next When candidates for nomination shall appear.-before ��� them and  give their views.which.should,enable  the delegates to size up the men r.nd    ��� ���" " ���*�� ���maiiui.ociur-1 obtain gome jdea of the material they  ��?.S��,��jk;^ to select   .from.     The   majority  seemed to favor, -this suggestion,, many  of the delegates rising and stating that  aa they, had, at present, no: Idea of the  candidates or who was likely to be In  the field this was the best way. The  motion was eventually , carried after  about; half an hour's discussion, and  the meeting adjourned.  The Chairman subsequently appointed ''at''Committee to talce the Initial  steps in calling .the meeting which is  advertised to, meet at Hogg's Hall,  Westminster Avenue, at S o'clock on  Monday evening.  Mr. Ralph Smith of Nanalmo was  present.';but did not speak.  practicable.  ;,10., Abolition of child labor by children  under14.years of age. ,  ���'  11. Abolition of property qualification  for all public offices, and no. money deposit to be required when the .candidate's  nomination is ���endorsed by 100 electors, in  cities and 50 electors in rural districts.  -, 12.: Liability of. employers for Injury to  health,.body or life. :���.���������  ���13.! That a; clause be. Inserted j in nil  clmrtui-B granted by the Government to  prohibit the^employment of Oriental labor.  -, Mr. C. A. MoKinnon then congratu-  laJted the meeting on-deciding to !have  two Labor .candidates.-, It ,.was- time  .the workingmen 'had a chance to legislate for. the masses, and/, not- allloiw  the professional .men, to, have. everything their,, own .way.;;"He eulogized  Mr. Macpherson,wiho, however, needed  JUiNTOR UVOROSSE.  .__. r .,...��.-, ��� "u �� c v ��', neeaeu      Lacrosse! is Canada's  national;..; game.  another labor man to supporltand ,work   Our vigorous Northern Winter and the  with him in the House.: ;The platform   other disabilities. which beset the hardy  pioneer alike tend to produce ���" ���"���" -'  Tlio Fit -RtBform aro, eelllne- suits'; to  orilor or Toady to -wear at "lialf" best  tallor'a prices. 334 Hastings St.     '   ���  If you want Union label overalls go  to Donaldson & Mathews', the Men's  Outfitters, 74 Cordova street. .They  also carry a splendid stock of men's  and boys' ready-to-wear clothlng.ihats,  caps. Shirts,, underwear, etc, etc!, at  the lowest cash prices. ,  When you' want to hire a. first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.    -  The contracts for certain miiteridls  for use In the construction of the New  York underground railway nhow that  some big figures have been employed In  connection therewith, says Bradstreets.  For Instance, the Carnegie Steel company; has been awarded a contract for  75.000 or 80,000 tons of structural stool  at quotations understood to be at or  near prevailing rates, and another Item,  hardly .less, significant than the foregoing, is the awarding, of a couwaot  for some 1,500,000' barrels of cement,  estimated as .requiring an expenditure  of $2,700,000.     .  , Drink the celebrated Seattle "Bohemian Beer,'.', only five, cents, per glass, at  the Arlington.  The platform  of Mr. Martin, the speaker continued,  was .worthy.-of .support ..'as it met the  needs of the  workingman.   . Mr.  McKlnnon  . It'hen. proposed    reading the  Government platform when he was interrupted by a voice: "For God's sake,  don't," and1, "Only  read    the  railway  policy.^-that���will-do."���The���ispeak--  er    then    moved  as    an    amendment  to the.  motion that the. Government  platform be adopted .which was seconded by 'Mr. Fowler. ','!  Mr.    Love objected,     claiming    the  amendment-out of order and much diversity of opinion was shown by  the  meeting-before it was allowed' to Island.  A number of five minute, speeches  then followed Mr. ,C. A. McKinnoti, and  Mr. J. McGeer.taking* the chief par*.    |  A lengthy discussion abo tookfplace  over the advisability of discussing tlie  two platforms clause by; clause, ii. suggestion  which , !.was  eventually ivoted  down. .....     .,;,...-. .. "-��� |j ������:  Aid. Bruce , sutrgested taking'; the  best planks out of each platform.  (Laughter.) ".   ' i!   .   '  A good deal of cross-fire spc'echeB  followed, from which It appeared'; evident that while the majority considered Premlcf Martin's platform ' the  best for the workingman, they did not  wish, by adopting It, to pledge their  support to Mr., Martin.  Mr, F. E. Rogers spoke In favor ot  the laboring classes amd the middle  claw* uniting 'and working together.  monopoly and, capital were gradually  but surely starving out the middleman  and driving him Into the ranks of labor. He besought them therefore to  combine, their forces and support one  platform, a platform that would prevent both of them from, being driven  out of work and.home by the Mongolian invasion.. .The. referendum ,.was  the best thing.to'ensure representative  Government.  , Mr. C. Grant then,,took iup Mr. Martin's platform,,,which he showed contradicted itselt,,with, reference to the  land and railway questions:    He stat-  __ a race of  sons who will glory in the strenuous effort ; that a "well  fought" game of lacrosse calls forth. The game Is a test of  speed, of Judgtment and of endurance;'It  is thus a fascinating one tor. the.player,  but it is no less so for the spectator. In  fact lacrosse, with Hie^jKisslb!e_excoptloni-  of-hocke}TIs_th-e fastest and most interesting game  from.the, stand-point, of  a  spectator that -has so far yet made its  appearance  In.the  arena of sport.  Tho  weary wait is not In evidence here.  To  see all   the   "good"  tho  "fast"   bits   of  play one must be constantly on the "qui  .Vive.'-' : It is becauso our. National gaimo  is so essentially a spectator's game and  because also a good senior twelve is tho  natural outcome'of a good junior twelve,  that   the  management   of   the Terminal  Lacrosse Club  appeal  to' the   public  at  this .time  for  their, support.   While  tho  manngonient  believe  then   our     citizens  ought to aid  the game for the sake of  legitimate sport, yet they, on this occasion, propose to sfive an ndequne  return  for every cent .-expended to help the Junior twelve.      '  With this in view an excellent concert,  in which the best and most popular artists In the City will uppenr. has been arranged. The concert will be given In tho  Alliiiiiibra Theatre on .Thursday, evening.  May 3rd. Among those taking part will bo  Mr. Allan Seymour, Mr. G. It. iiickti, Miss  Walton, Mr. Jl. D. Taylor, the Pliilomalh-  ean Quartette, Jill's F. M. Cameron and  other well-known nnd popular amateurs.  During the evening several now features  will be Introduced. One of those will bo  the Initial .appearance hi Vancouver or  the iilunoln, used In conjunction with tho  Mason-Rlsch piano. A whistling sola that  Is without a par will al<jo be a feat tiro  of the programme. The tickets have been,  placed at the very moderate sum of 50c,  including membership in, tlie Club. Those?  who wish to foster lacrosse should patronise  the above  entertainment.  FIFTY-TWO YEARS WITHOUT A  DRINK.  Some animals can live many years*  without, water. A,paroquet; lived fifty-  two years in the! .London zoo without  taking,,a drop ot, water. A number of  reptiles..live and,.prosper in places  where there Is no water. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDIAT 'APBXU 28, iMOf  OUR ORIENTAL PETS.  Tho'Dofififion Government has disallowed fifteen acts passed by the British  Columbia legislature during the session  of 1899.   The disallowed acts are:   Elections  Petition,   Placer  Mining,   police  and  Prisons  Regulations  Amendment,  Grand Jurors Act  Amendment,  Kamloops and  Atlln   Hallway,  North Star  and Arrow Lake Hallway, Registration  of  Real   Property   Amendment,   Small  Debts Act Amendment;..Interpretation  Act Amendments, Coal .MfTics  Itogiilii-  tlon Act Amendments, Department of  Attorney-General,   Counties   Definition  'Act Amendments, Trustees and Executors  Act  Amendment,  Births,, Deaths  .     and      Marriages      Registration      Act  Amendments,   Settlement   of   Disputes  as   to  Mining  Claims  in   the   Dennett  Lake and Atlln Mining Districts. Nearly all of the ubove acts have been disallowed      because     of    anti-Japanese  clauses.    It   will   be remembered  that  shortly after,,the adoption of the above  measures by the British Columbia legislature, the Dominion authorities appealed to  them  to have tlie acts further amended and  to leave out anti-  Japanese clauses.   The representatives  of   the   people  "of    British   Columbia,  ���knowing the danger that has for years  threatened  this  province,   refused   to  stand idly by and watch the Japs, with  their Chinese brethren, sweep the white  man back across the mountains.   They  had studied the question for years, and  saw the wily Jap and heathen Chinee  sap  the  very  life  blood  of  the  white  ���workers  of  British Columbia,    consequently  they  refused  to  listen  to  the  blandishments  of  the  Dominion   government: but now the fiasco has come,  and    notwithstanding  the  British  Columbia   legislature,   the   gates   of   the  province are to be thrown wide open,  and we are told that we must take the  Japs by" the hand and treat him like  ���a long-lost  brother.    He  has  already  smitten us on one cheek, but we must  now,  like  the good,   turn   to  him   the  other..   We  would   not  be  much   surprised if the next movement would  be  to offer free transportation, free homesteads, and a guarantee of permanent  work  to   the   parasites   from   the. Far  East.   The Independent has no hesitation   in   saying   that,   notwithstanding  all that has been said and written c'on-  ���cerning  Oriental'-labor,    the   Imperial  and Dominion governments know absolutely nothing of. the conditions the  people of  this  province have  to' face,  -livery boat from  the Orient brings in  Its hundreds of Japs' and  Chinamen.  These men are dumped In. Victoria and  Vancouver, and from these! points are  scattered  all  over  the province.    We  !are told that for the most part these  immigrants   are    being: sent into  the  Slates, but the people of British Columbia know that the pretence of sending   them   across   the   line 'is   only   a  blind.    Mr. Sehimlzu, Japanese consul  for Vancouver, himself allows, that the  market  for Japanese labor in  British  Columbia, is very  much  overcrowded.  ;   and we must allow that <Mr. Schlmizu  is a friend to his countrymen.    What  then must we do with the new-comers?  It Is argued  that  the Jap is a notch  above the Chinaman.   That may be so;  he  may  be a mile above him   in  the  social scale.   But it is a fact, and one  i   that is too apparent to be ignored, that  .  absolutely no white man can work for  the wages .he does, for the very simple  reason   that   the   remuneration   would  be altogether inadequate to existence.  Of course  the   Dominion   government  .-makes an excuse for their action. They  say in effect that it is the policy of the  Imperial  authorities   to  cater  to  the  Japanese nation.   We sympathise with  the  Imperial  government,  who know  absolutely nothing about the needs of  British Columbia, but if the Imperial  ~autborities-are=honestf=they-W'ill-not=  subserve the rights of British subjects  in this province    to    the    interest of  Japan.   This is just what they are doing at the present time���nothing more  nothing less.  We would remind the Dominion government that the Australian  colonies-uot over the difficulty of cheap  Oriental  immigration,  and,  too, in  a  way the Imperial authorities did'not  care   to  swallow.    There, Is   no   more  loyal   subjects   to   the   British   Crown  than the people ot British Columbia;  but when the deliberations of their representatives  are  completely  Ignored,  and their rights trampled under foot,  It need not surprise the Dominion nnd  'imperial, governments, If the people of  British Columbia are forced to borrow  .a, leaf from the book ot our Australian  brethren.  are closed three months in the fruit  season to give the boys and girls work  In the orchards and canneries. A  mighty big assistance,is the earning  to a large household. The children  work well, clean and: willingly and  are paid good wages. Now come these  Japs. They will work chaper and enter fields In competition with children  that John Chinaman never thought of.  This Summer Is likely lo prove what a  blot upon tho whites the Japanese are.  Under the prevailing treaty of this  country witli Japan, nothing can be  .lone. But tlie treaty ought to be abrogated. If it continues for a year  and a half or two years there will be  no need of an exclusion act, for nil  the Japanese coolies will be here by  that time. 1 am against the Asiatic  Inllux first, last nnd all the time. 1  was one of the first to take cognizance  of the foothold the brown men were  .".ecurinir in the labor field, and have  ulso delivered numerous speeches  against tlie coming nf the Chinese."  The County Boards of Washington  State ntv, In view of the Influx of Japanese labor, warning their contractors  that henceforth they will be barred  from employing Oriental labor.  The Nnnaimo Review says ot "An  alarming question": "Say, for Instance,  there were 25,000 Mongolians in the  country (and we think the estimate Is  not far out), how long, at the above  rate, would it 'take to drain the country ot its gold resources? If a Chinaman earns $1 per day, then he sends  out nPthis to China Me., if he earns  $1.25 per day, then he sends home  $1,121-2 per day. With a Mongolian  population of 25,000 as above, this woukl  make an average of $650,000 per month  of a gold drain upon the resources of  this country. We may point out that  were this money being earned by a  white population, instead of a Mongolian population, the country would  not lose this enormous amount, as all  the money earned by white ���citizens'  would be spent in the country,'there to  remain in circulation.". - l:  The Japanese Government is, It is  stated, intending forthwith to restrain  the emigration of its subjects to the  United States. It is to be hoped that  the restriction will also be applied to  Japanese emigration to Canada. Meanwhile it is feared that the strict enforcement by the United States of the  anti-alien labor contract law will retain in British Columbia several thousand Japanese, whose original Intention  was.to make for the United States.  Moreover'.large-numbers of Japanese  are to be^'eiigaged in the mines of Yale  and Cariboo, unfortunately for Western  workers, whom they will certainly  largely oust.  What with the Imperial government  Insisting that we do not exclude Japanese and the C. P. R. compelling the  Federal government to desist from further amendments to the Chinese act,  the prospects for working men in this  Province are of a dark blue hue. AVe  would therefore warn intending Immigrants from eastern provinces not to  come here . for work, as Chinese; und  Japanese seem to have It all the'r own  way.  .  W. W. B. Mcinnes, M. P., of Na-  halnio. arrived in the city on, the eastern train from the Dominion capital  Wednesday. Mr. Mcinnes looks well,  and the severe weather- of last winter   has evidently agreed with   him.  ."What is your opinion of the great  inllux of. Japanese into this country?"  he was asked by The World, representative. "Why, I think it is a downright shame, and if the Dominion Government do not put a stop to it, then  the people of the province should take  some action in the matter." Mr. Mcinnes thought that the disallowance of  the Japanese bills at Ottawa had been  a mistake!'  There is In California to-day a great  but natural soare over the ever-increasing influx of Japanese labor into  that State. This is well shown by  certain remarks of Colonel Jackson,  Collector of Customs at San Francisco  who recently delivered himself thus,  when asked what he thought of the  Influx of Japanese. "Exclude them,"  said the Collector, "the same as we do  now with the Chinese;1 The Japs are  worse than the Chinamen. They work  cheaper and are speedily taking up the  positions held'by boys and girls. In  many places in California the 6chools  .IS THERE SOMETHING WRONG?  It is almost incredible, says ,the Chicago Record, but I have the official reports for my authority, that 2,551,455.  persons received assistance of relief  from the various charitable associations of New York state in 1S9S. This  includes only such associations as are  organized under the state laws and are  required to make reports of their transactions to the commissioner of charities. It does not embrace a multitude  of .religious organizations, mission  schools, the King's Daughters, the Ep-  worth league, Christian Endeavor  bands of hope, aid societies, helping  hands and the many benevolent  branches of the Catholic church, which  are always offering succor to the poor  and^jieedy.^and.iOfWcourse.^trie^amounU  of money, food and clothing distributed  by private individuals, ennnot be taken account of. It is probable If accurate returns could be obtained of  these forms of charity the amount distributed and the number of recipients  would . be increased, 50 per cent.  Pauperism has grown to such an extent .that the enormous sum of $103,-  .*!S4.5r>l is now invested in their behalf  In this state, ot which $25,02*1,490 is in  the form of endowments and $77,455,064  in real estate. ,   ...  SUPT. J. B. RANNI!;.  ������'Oil'. J. B. Rannlc,who is one of the  oldest employees of the B. C. Electric  Street Railway company, having been  nearly ten years In their employ as a  miitormnn, was last week, as announced in The'Independent, appointed to  the blllce of traffic superintendent of  that company. Mr. Rannle's long experience of street railway work has  eminently fitted him for the position,  and it Is safe to sny that the public of  Vancouver will feel the benefit of his  guiding hand. The appointment Is a  very popular one among the men. Indeed, as far as we can learn, It would  be .hard to find two more popular men  among their employees than the general malinger and traffic, superintendent  of the British Columbia Electric Street  Railway company. Since the inception  of the street railwayman's union In  January, 1899, Mr. Rannie has been  one of Its most active members, so the  labor men of Vancouver can join us in  congratulating him on his appointment, and wishing him every success.  COOPERATIVE  COMiWWMLTII.  By J. M. Davidson, B. L  Even open-minded nnd well-disposed  persons, who have never seriously examined for themselves tho "contents"  of social evolution, are apt to treat  socialism as one ot the numerous Isms  that owe their existence to "agitators,"  or well-meaning enthusiasts ami  dreamers of dreams. Hut there could  be no greater mlstuke.  Socialism Is not a mere "doctrine" or  metaphysical cult, to be toyed with for  a time and then dropped, on the emergence of some more novel or more fascinating speculation. It is the Inevll-  abllity''of the co-operative commonwealth which Is its chief feature, sir  William Harcoiirt spoke far more wisely than he knew, when he Jestingly declared, "We are all Socialists now."  The reprobate "millionaire" and the  conscienceless "trust" are, In truth, the  most potent factors of socialism. They  are the living evidence of theoretical  truths which but for them would be  without tangible support Suchi truths  might, indeed, still be entertained by  "philosophers," but only in vacuo, so  to speak. Socialism, above all things,  teaches that each rigid law of social  development, and that progress Is Impossible except in hnrmany with these  laws. Such is the testimony, conscious  or unconscious, of every historian  worthy of the name, and It cannot be  gainsaid.  And that 'which has been! Is that  which shall be., The present individualist organization Is even now being  transferred with almost bewildering  rapidity, had we the trick to see it.  The hearty espousal of Municipalization of late years by the 'hitherto m-  tenselycnuaoe orz.iam uDdait.-ai,v(C, th  intensely individualist middle class is  significant of much. It is the first  fruits.ot the coming social .revolution.  To-day the instruments of production  and,distribution are private property;  to-morrow they will be public. Today product of labor are sol for individual profit; to-morrow they will he  equitably apportioned for common use.  Co-operation may seem to be the antithesis of competition and yet, strangely enough, the one is the inevitable  offspring of the other. Truly wonderful are the' ways of the mysterious  "Power behind Evolution."  In biological evolution, the struggle  through which any plant or animal  passes in obtaining necessary food and  shelter inexorably determines the form  and structure of that plant or animal.  And so is it with human society. It  transforms certain things 4n its'"environment" into elements necessary to  life and distributes it hem among its  members. This process of transformation or "production" is carried on, under the existing Oapitaliatic 'regime,  by means of machinery vitally necessary to the life of the Community, rnitl  the crux of the whole system.!lies In  the fact that this machinery. In its entirety, .is owned byv one class. With  what result? That class has Labor ns  completely by the throat, as ever, had  slavelord or serford. The machine  has enslaved the man.  This, of course, was not always so.  Economically speaking, the Machine  Frankenstein is but an affair of yesterday. At the end of last century. Society was mainly made up of a variety  of self-supporting groups. The family,  the neighborhood, and even the nation  were practically self-dependent. Even  I can recall days when the village tailor, shoemaker, miller, blacksmith, joiner, storekeeper ("merchant." we call  him),'!were the,very pillars of the communal edifice. Prices were fixed by  kindly custom rather than by cutthroat  competition, and ndividiials Infringing  the unwritten law were boycotted as  little better than swindlers.  But, regret it as we may, those idyllic  time are over. The machine has come  to stay, and every day Its omnipotence  waxes greater and greater in prqpor-  tion. as It becomes more nearly automatic and more costly. All things conspire to limit the ownership of machines to the possessors of huge, accumulations of Capital. The Worker is  as machlneless as he'is landless and it  is difficult to say which of the deprivations is the devil and which the deep  sea. Without access to the machine he  must perish, and hence it Is that, in  his abject helplessness, he has come to  regard permission to produce wealth  for his heartless exploiters as a prlvi-  Jege_rather than a penalty.  ^~And=it~ls-rribt~the-worker-alone"thal-  Capitalism is degrading. Even the  Capitalist himself is rapidly deteriorating under it. Time was when, in some  measure, he was a real "Captain of Industry," now he is little better than  Carlyle's "one monster in the world���  the idle man." His chief Industry consists in drawing cheques. All his erstwhile managerial functions are now,  as a rule, delegated to hired superintendents and experts. In workshop  and factory the Capitalist to-day robs  Labor as flagrantly as ever did mediaeval feudalist, or modern London  ground landlord in his particular Held  of rapine. Indeed, It Is not too much  to say that the Modern Capitalist Is  the basest devotee of Mammon, that  "least erect" of all Milton's Fallen Angels, that has ever appeared on the  earth.  He Is wholly devoid of conscience.  In his rage for "profits" he puts poison  In human food, shoddy In cloth, and  lays fire-traps for his fellow men.  And worst of all, with his nccursed  gold he has polluted the stream of  Public Opinion at Its very source by  the capture of Pulpit, Parliament and  Press. In his own base mould of avarice and rapine are being recast Legislation. Education and Religion. Our  Capitalists have to to the end of their  tether. They have unconsciously played their last card, and that is no Hmall  matter to know.  What then has to be done? it remains to cut off the Capitalist entirely  from the process and conduct of Industry in the Interest of the Producers.  The distribution of the product must  no longer depend on competitive forces.  The Man must own the Machine, just  as In the eighteenth century he owned  his simple tools���his axe, his hammer,  his awl. It must be recognized more  and more that the Economic Question  dominates every other and that politics  are at best but a means to the solution  of the Social Problem.  The great want ot tho hour nnd of  every hour that passes by Is a thoroughly educated, self-conscious international party that knows no  bounds ot race, creed, color, or nationality, and that Is actuated by but  the sole Clirlst-lfko aim. to deliver  mankind from the yoke of wage-slavery, which has, in those latter days,  become even more intolerable than the  chattel-slavery and serfdom by which  It was preceded.  To change the system It must be attacked, as Prince Kropotkln so ably  aruges. In Its ��� essence, in its cause���  Sale and Purchase���and not In its effect���Capitalism. If the Worker continues to be paid in Wages he must  necessarily remain the subordinate of  the Paymaster, be the latter a private  Individual or the State. And when the  Revolution comes, as come it must in  peace or war, It behoves that It be  thorough. They that make half revolutions. It has been well said, dig their  own craves.  To abolish the contract of Punih-isc  and Sale���be it of Lands, Commodities,  or Services, -with all class distinctions  based thereon���were Indeed a heroic  measure, involving an Economic Revolution of the profoundest character. It  would, In point of fact, spell Anarchy,  or Free Communism, which is after  all, so far as I can previse, the true  goal of Humanity, never to be attained  by Authoritarian or State methods;  yea, even it directed by the great Karl  himself.  Sick People,  I'artifiiltirlv tho lubnriiiK ��iiin, wnnt tlm  VJSJIY HKST inctlii'liiu it is possible to  ltnicnn;. Why? Hui'iium! it muiuis ��lnl-  Inrs to Ik' ki-ni from work, through  ('Iiu��]tHM-<ii](l-cliiss drups. Wi-usii only  tho Ur>r, nnd ���umjilov only skilti'd liLhor  to <li*-;|>ensi! your (lot:tor's I'KKSCltiP-  TION'S. No s"cnb lulmr for ns. Wc do  uvurvthintfon tho union princiiilc.  SEYMOUR,  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COK. Sl'-V.MOUIt  AMI   HASTlNCiS  STKKET S  Victoria L.diKii Ill-Kit.  The Louvre  The Only Circular Bar  On the Coast.  K. MINATY,       - -        Proprietor  'li', Cnrnill Slreel, V-uii'iiuvcr, H. C.  The First Labor Paper pub-  �� lisbed in the interest of . .  �� labor and we are the First  �� Store to serve the public .  ��The Cheapest Reading  ��in Vancouver      ���=-*  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings  Arcade  and  IF*  YOU   WISH.  YOUR EYES  TESTED FREE  dill on our Doctor nf Optics, nnd he will  willingly comply with ymir request.  Davidson   Bros.  1111 f'ordovn Street.  CALL"  At the workiiiKintin's wiitchiiiiikcriiud jeweller  before min-lim-lng iiu.vwlicre else. He Is known  tliroiiK'i It. t*. for iruoil und cheap wiituliwi nnd  Juweliy.   Watch repulriiiK �� speeiiilty.  I. HERMAN,  l'SU OinliiviL Street, opposite Savoy  Theatre, Viiw'ouver.  YOU can Learn  Bookkeeping and  Business Methods  Willi tis.   Kvitv  iiiirlmnh: should he u l>-  TIIK YOiiYlL I'OMMKIUHAI. COI.I.K-Uti.  imperial   Hotel  ���JNIIKH  SKW MASAIIKMKST.  CARItO). .t CONWAY,  1'roprletors.  ('lioli-cxL niHO liquors, I'tiKlis'i mill homo  brands ulidcs und porter, finest domestic nnd  Imported rlKrirs, with llrsl-clm��sifrue Iinieli every  dny. ItATI-'S���fl udny; horn-.-*. Mind rooui,$*i ii  week. This is thu most comfortable mid homelike, hotel in thu cltv.  135 Water Street,  VANCOUVER, B. C.  We carry a full line  of new and stylish  footwear for women  ���from the dainty  house shoe to the  heavier street boot���  the best in the world  We handle the famous Queen Quality  Shoes for women.  FOOTWEAR  to fit your foot, taste  and pocket. BOOTS  $4, SHOES $3.25. *  170 Cordova St,  t)OR. CAMBIE.  J. 11KB  THE NEW GROCER.  Sugar, 19 lbs. for $1  j  He'll Crylim ten, UK; per lb.  Most Jnva iiml Moelni coffee, Mc pur lb.  New 111 Id eggs, LMe pur (liiu.  Kivc-lb. jiir of best Jinn, -tie.  Throe-lb. puekti^e (lolil Dust, ate.  II. A K. wheat llnkes, 10u per piwkiigc,.  FLACK BLOCK,  A. M. TYSON,  whoi-Hsam; and iictaii. iieai.ku in  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables. ���  112 Cobdova St.  TiroNK 442  Ernie m  An. Important Grocery Event   UP-TO-DATE   Stock Sacrifice  rt's not lmril lo oreiiic e.nthiislit��iii  with these prices:  (lenuiiieolil Drown Windsor Soup, ij  enkesfori'iu.  Klcelric Koup, II eilkes for 'i-��l.  Coiieo Son]),.', nikes for -.ki.  Hold Dust Washing 1'owiler, (I packages for 2.V.  IVarlliie, li jmekujrcs for'i-le.  Salmon, Ti tins for 2-*>ti.  ('iit��ii|>,'! bottles for ije.  Pickles. '2 bottles for 2.m:.  IliikiiiK I'owder, 1-tli tins, 10c.  I'mplrc Tea, :1 His for fl. <���  Kmpire Itakine; Powder, l-ltit'mvi-M*.  Kmpire liakini; I'owder, 5-lh tins, fl.  KVKItYTHlNC.    1CLSIC    IClJUAblA'   LOW,  UKAI)  I'AKKl'llIJ.Y.  SKNI) VOUK OltDKH KAMA'.   HOODS DKMVKIIKD QUICKtA*.  THE CITY GROCERY COMPANY  ���i-i  / SB  'lit  ' '(11  THU WONDI'IKFUL OIIKA1' tlKOCKKS.  Telephone "iSi;.  Corner Westmlnsliir Avenue and I'rincoss Struct.  Will buy a two-storeyed  house, with all modern  improvements, on Harris  street, close to Westminster avenue. For full particulars apply to ���  <i  Mahon, Wfarland&Mahoii, Ltd  541 J-lastings Street.  ..J. I  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of TJxjon-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently wc always give good satis-  faction.   Yoiir patronage solicited.  tn  -Ft  A GOOD VIEW  ^ J  Seine me-,; arc well cluthod from one  pMnt of view, hut jou ace thorn ot'tin-  "thw nnfrlc, and their elothts arc full at  wrinkles und crudity ��poaks dn all lines.  WE U'NDiailST.A'ND HOW TO CuVXllHE  OUR CUSTOfM.IORS no that 'Twick, front  or bWo view is ciituUly correct nnd ele-  pint.  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordovti Street.  Everyone  May. Now Drink Tea  llfiiltliiul  nnil  nutritious,   (iriiud  Mnitul I*'"-".  ii tea of the purest ipiullty, iiml I  ll.  with  those who 11 re fond   nf ten.  tlroeer for  Ask your ���SATURDAY APBUJ 28, 1900  THE INDEPENDENT  Don't Buy Hardware  Till you see Ours���the largest and best,  MOST UP-TO-DATE  STOCK IN  B.C  Hardwood Mantles.  Our stock needs no introduction as we  have kept it up to date, and have now got over  thirty different styles to choose from. We' are  selling-agents for the Rockford Mantle Com-  panythe largest concern in America and their  goods are only'to be seen to be admired.   >   '  Fire-place Grates.  We  are sole agents for  the   Dawson  Grate and   Dawson   Beauty Grate, made in.  any finish, and are the most up-to-date Grate  manufactured.   ., .     'v  TILING.  Our Stock is very large and those intending building will be well repaid by a visit to  our show room. . We have Glazed, Unglazed,  Imbossed, Vitrious, also Circular Ceramic Mosaic Tile���suitable for halls and vestibules.  Parquet Flooring.  It is here to stay and we have it for sale  and can show you a nice variety of patterns.  Majestic Ranges,  We are "sole agents for the Great Majestic Range���the only malleable Iron and Steel  Range manufactured and it will last ajife time.  High-class Building Hardware  We have the largest stock in the Province, and mind���the look of your house inside  depends on the class of Hardware, you have  it furnished with.  Heavy Hardware.  Bar Iron and Steel, Steel Cable, Crucible  Steel Wire Rope, Plough Steel Wire Rope,  Manilla Rope, Coil Chain, Spades and Shovels,  Wire Nails, Cut Nails, Galvanized and Black  Wrought Spikes, Anchors, Linseed Oil, Genuine and No. i White Lead, and everything you  ask for in an up-to-date'Hardware Store.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  Wholesale and Retail.  McLennan,  & Co., Ltd  ���9  DAWSON OITV, IV.-W. T.  12^ Cordova St,, VANCOUVER, B. C  ..o  SPORTING AFFAIRS.  a series of races, under the auspices  1 of the J. B. A. A. will be held.  LACROSSE. ,  At a meettng held In Seattle on Mon-  du.y evening a Lacrosse Club was organized, the election of -active ofllcers  resulting as follows: V. H. Thompson. President; H. P. Martin, First  Vice-President; J. D. Tracey, Second  Vice-President; H. L. Warner, Secretary and (Treasurer; F. 'H. Menoge,  Manager;  V,'W.  Guytor,  Captain;  R.  IV. Wise, William Van Stone, and S.  V. TVilse,  Executive  Board.  For honorary,ofllcers,.Mayor Humes  was chosen President, and G. M. Stewart, Dr. W. A. -Shannon, p. D. Hughes,  James Lee, George Tudhope and C. F.  Keed, Vice-Presidents. Elor patrons  the following persone were elected: J.  ��� A. Moore,. Gov. Rogers, J. 03. McDon-  ���"ald, J. W. Do-Camp, J.-B. Agen, Judge  W. H. Moore, J. 'S. Golifemlth, H. A.  ���"Frederick, Judge Thomas 'Burke, B. J.  Tollman and W. E. Stevens.  Arrangements have been made for  the use of .the Seaittle Athletic' Club  ���grounds, and practioe maltches will be  3ield on Tuesday and Thursday evenings of each week. An exhibition  ���match will be played on Decoration  "Day.  .     ' VANCOUVER. INTERMEDIATES.  A benefit concert will be given in the  -Alhambra Theatre on -Thursday, May  3rd, for the -Terminal Lacrosse team.  The scheme is "being well supported as  , everyone is anxious to see 'the young-  : eters-get-a-good-stant-ore-for-the sua--  ��on's work. ..   < ���     ,  BICYCLING.  At the last meeting of 'the managers  ot the Nanalmo Cycling 'Club the Secretary was instructed to write for the  sanction of tlie Association for a race  meeting on May 24th. ��� A Committee  was also appointed, to wait upon the  Celebration Committee to see what arrangements could be made for races  on ther Queen's Birthday.  The -C. W. A. lias reverted to the old  Dominion Day moots,' the Labor Day  - -meet, under the -auspices of the C. W.  A. 'having been done away with. Provincial meets may be held, but there  ���in only 'to be the one large 'Dominion  .   Day meet.  The present O. W. A. Executives are  tusking for tendera from all accident  companies for the insurance of mem-  ' bars. These are asked for on the best  ' Ugures' on <a basis of M cents per head  .tor each member.   .  The Civic Legislation Committee of  '. Winnipeg 1ms decldod that a petition  ���  -signed by at least 800 bona llde voters,  asking for the Imposition of 'a tux upon  1>l��y(jlcs,  should  be presented  to 'the  Council before 'that    body    could   be  warranted in  taking, the matter Into  *erlous consideration.     The tax proposed was $1 for gentlemen, 50 cents  ...for ladles and 50 cerits for boys over  the age of 10.    The proposal. If carried  ? out,. will  Involve'the  paying of the  . money to the City Treasurer, the Civic  ' Bicycle Board to have control of the  "' -expenditure. ��� ' ' '   ' .    -  ������*'���.. .   ,THE OAfc. . , ' :  The Victoria rowlng'seaion'opens on'  JJaturrJay. May 19th, when-the first of  OUR BREEZY iREPORTER.  To stick to the newspaper business  fOL- examples, every executive of every  newspaper knows the bright and airy  young man with high confidence and  'un utter willingness to assume all the  'responsibilities which attach to the  making of a newspaper. Some come in  and sit on the edge of the editor's desk,  as they lavish upon him their views  touching the proper conduct of the paper which he is setting up nights wearing  away brain and nerve tissue in trying  to satisfy the general public from the  view-point of Journalism. I recognized  one of these last -week, calling cabs for  departing guests at a down-town hotel.  And this young man came to Vancouver as a self-confessed "world beater."  That was his phrase in his own description, and he cited instances in which  he .had done able work to earn it. It  was lie of whom 'this characteristic incident is related: He hypnotized somebody connected with the Vancouver In-  Uiipcndent In an employing capacity,  and, through some accident of the assignment book, was sent out to do  certain important work. The editor  of the paper was personally Interested  In this special piece of news, and in  the course ot 'the. evening sent for the  reporter who had been detailed ��� upon  it. The "world beater" was promoted  into the presence of the chief, and with  the utmost good feeling and urbanity  put_U^oj}d^or_at^qttTO^y^sII,;ting_on_the.  "edge of the latter's desk, swinging his  legs carelessly as he gave his employer  the Information desired. "It was like  this. Air. Editor," began tjie star, and  oh en continued, addressing the editor  familiarly as "Bones." The editor of  the Independent was vastly entertained  'and listened tov the story with unabated attention. At the conclusion he  ���ainllud ���upon the new' man,.and remarked, "Hereafter when you have  any business with me, I wish you  would not be so formal. Why don't  you cull me Georgia?" HOT AIR.  STANDARD OIL  .   UNION If ARBER SHOPS.  The following Is a complete list of  union barber shops In Vancouver. Is  your bnrlHT on the list?  iSlnis' barber shop, Pender street.  JJIite barber shop, Hastings street.  Jion Ton barber shop, Hustings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Ciimblc street.'i  .Harvlc & Ellis, Gamble street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Golden Gute shop, Abbott street.  Smullcy's Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.' * .  The Whlttlcr Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street. '*  Union Barber Shop;; Carrall street.  O. K. Barber' Shop, -Hastings street,  east.  DIRECT TAX.  Editor Independent:   What <s meant  by.a "direct tar?"        '..'   ; QUERY.  '"'[Note-lone that Is paid at'first hand  by the owner ot-i&e thing taxed.���-Ed.]  " ��� - Ti,.  ���As the giant octopus   of' the   deep  stretches  forth its merciless arms to  crush    and    devour    its    prey,    so,  too, does the Standard  Oil company,  the gigantic American monopoly, whose  power  Is  felt  In  nearly  every city of  Canada and  the United States,  seek  to destroy its competitors.   In 1S72 this  monopoly, by methods known only to  itself,  secured  the  favor  of  the Erie,  New-York Central, Lake Shore, Michigan  Southern,   Pennsylvania and Atlantic  and  Great   Western    railways.  These  lines doubled  the rates on oil  to   all    competitors   of  the  Standard.  The overcharge was -not retained by  the railways, but handed-over to the  standard people, who thus secured in  many   cases   free   transportation    for  their'oil.   Rates to independent refiners were advanced between Cleveland  and New York from $1.25 per barrel to  $2.84 per barrel, and $7,500,000 of overcharges by the railways were handed  back to the Standard   Oil   company.  Under this arrangement'It can be readily understood that but a short time  elapseduntil weaker competitors were  crushed to the wall.   This being successfully accomplished, the strongest of  all monopolies proceeded to make its  own tariff.   Twelve years passed away  and  the oil  business   of   the   United  States was practically In the hands of  the  Standard   Oil   company,   but,  not  satisfledror ratherrdfunk"wltrf success,  they crossed the Canadian border, and  as a consequence, oil that sold In St.  John, Que., for 11 cents and 12 cents p'er  gallon in 1894, sells to-day for 10 cents  per gallon, and yet it costs considerable  less than one cent a gallon to produce  oil.    Last-year, oil  was   delivered   In  Hamilton, Ont.,' for 12 cents, but it Is  now 16 1-2 cents per gallon.   The methods  of  the  standard Oil  people  were  brought  to  light early In last March,  when the Gall-Schneider Oil company,  or Montreal, and the Sun Oil Refining  campony, of Hamilton, brought before  the railway committee of the Canadian  privy council, .charges   of   discrimination  practised  by  the Grand  Trunk  railway   company    and  the C. P. It.  company In favor of the Standard Oil  people.     The   allegations --were,   that  the railway companies chnrged 33 cents  per 100 pounds of oil from Buffalo to  Montreal,  and only 2.1 cents   per   100  pounds  from  Sarnla to Montreal,  although the distance   from   Sarnla Is  some SO miles further; needless to say  that   the  Standard  Oil   company  get  their oil from Sarnla,  and  the other  companies from Buffalo.   At the preliminary hearing Judge Clark for the  C.  P.  R.  stated  that a meeting had  taken place between representatives of  the G. T. R. and C. P. R. and the Imperial oil company, when the question  of rates was discussed.   At this meeting a discrimination was agreed to, the  C. P. R. agreeing to raise the rate from  Buffalo  and ' to  lower the' rate  from  Sarnla, thus making a preference upon  pany, made application to the Montreal  city council for permission to build large  pariy would not use tank steamers. Mr.  Osier, counsel- for  the  Grand  Trunk  railway company, did not admit this,  but It is a peculiar fact, that when the  Independent oil men of Canada, who  are combating the Standard Oil company, made application to build large  oil tanks, the G. T. R. fought against  the proposition tooth and nail, yet  these same independent oil men would  pay to the Grand Trunk railway company from $20,000 to $30,000 ,a year In  freight rates. The unprejudiced mind  can come to no other conclusion, than  that the great railway companies were  coerced into an arrangement whereby  the oil business of Canada would be  ultimately monopolized by the Imperial company (the Imperial Oil company is the Canadian name for the  Standard Oil company). Let us see  how this big concern has fared by the'  methods it has seen fit to adopt. The  solicitor for the company, in giving  evidence, said that its dividends  amounted to 5 1-4 per cent, in 1SS2, 6  per cent, in 1883, and 1S87, 11 1-2 pel-  cent, in 1SS8, 12 per cent, in 18S9, 1890  and 1891, 12.21-per cent, in 1892, 31 per  cent, in 1896, 33 per cent, in 1897 and  1898, and that a quarterly dividend of  20 per cent, was declared during the  current year. Surely It Is time for the  Canadian people to stop the encroachments of these unscrupulous monopolists. We are glad to see that the  people of Montreal are alive to the situation, and are likely to show every  leasonablc consideration to the Independent oil men of Canada. Does anyone who has noted the trail_of_the_  Standard Oil company, wonder at the  labor people for advocating public ownership of electric lights and gas works.  Even as it is at present, with these  utilities owned and operated, for the  ���most part, by private companies, the  workingman would do well to compare  the electric light with the light from  his coal oil lamp, If he does that the  Standard Oil company will die a lingering death. The workingman is handicapped, being always compelled to look  at the economic side of the question,  and If coal oil Is cheaper he Is forced*  to burn It, but that is just where he  makes the mistake, he has not given  the question enough thought, to know  that If lie economizes his gns or electric light bill, It will cost him no more  than his oil lamp. As to a comparison between electric light nnd coal oil.  there can be none, and the leas said  about the gigantic gall of the Standard  Oil company, the better. '  game in Canada that has been so successfully carried out in the United  States, why cannot the people of Canada rebel against such exorbitance and  'through its government make its .oil  wells a subject of "public ownership?"  .Such an enemy to society as that company should be radically dealt with"  and should not have a too generous  consideration In the way Of compensation, In the face of its millions al--  ready squeezed from the public. I  write this in the same spirit In which  I seek to preach the Gospel of our Lord.  To have religious freedom and intellectual and political emancipation is not  enough, we must have no pecuniary  and material bondage.  The Mall and Empire of the 20th inst.  says: "A second burning in effigy took  place last evening at Stanley Barracks,  in consequence of the political feelings  of the members of the Royal Canadian  Dragoons proving too much for their  sense of decorum. The object of the  wrath of the soldiers this time was Sir  Wilfrid Laurier, whose effigy, soakeu  with the product of the Standard oil  company and dressed in blue overalls,  was solemnly set. fire to in the barracks square. The arrival of a sergeant-major put an end to the sacri-,  flcial ceremonies. The arrest of two  dragoons as ring-leaders and a third  having refused to put out the- flames  at the command of his superior officer,  brought tl^pj*oeejdJngj^tc^aj^ose._It  is-understood that the proposed Government measure disfranchise the  members of the permanent force gave  rise to the little ebullition of feeling."  IT IS POPULAR.  The   Wonderful   Sale   o* Gold   Seat  Whiskey.  Seagram's grand old Canadian whiskey is put up under the direction of the  Gold Seal Liquor company, in this city.  It is guaranteed pure, mild and mellow,  and the best value In whiskey you ever  saw: 50 cents per bottle, and sold only  by Gold Seal Liquor company, 746 Pender otreet, two doors from post-office.  Open e-��ery evening.  BEWARE.  PROAIISES.  OF     ANTI-BLECTION  Mr. L. M. England, of. Goorgevllle,  Q��� says:���Three facts about the Standard Oil company have lately been published:  1. It controls the output In Canada.  2. The company has just declared a  twenty per cent, quarterly dividend.  3. The G. T. R. and the C. P. R. are  giving preferential rates to the Standard as revealed In Parliament.  As the Standard controls the oil  trade on both sides of the line, it  makes little difference- fn the price  whether the present duty is lowered or  not.     The    ultimate    regulatiom    of  condition  that the Imperial'Oil com- Iprices Is In the hands of the company.  In ,view of the highway robbery of a  monopoly which declares such a quarterly dividend, and in view of the fact  that a foreign enemy Is playing the  An  esteemed   eorerspondent   writes:  The  Standard  Oil  company,  or,  as It  is known in.Canada, the Imperial Oil  company,   is   undoubtedly . trying    to  crush out all legitimate enterprises In  this country,  which  are in opposition  to  them.    It  Is  therefore    held,    and  rightly, that It Is the duty of all workingmen to see that, ns far ns It Is possible, they purchase or use goods only  manufactured by concerns    who* are  contending against the grinding monopolies, sapping tho hard-earned wages"  of the workers.   John D. Rockefeller,  the head of the Standnrd Oil company,  snld  once   that  legislation  should   be  directed to control combines, and not  to destroy  them.,  Mr.  Moore,  M.  P.,  says It would be a good idea for the  Ottawa government to give Mr. Rockefeller a dose of his own prescription.  If the government  Is not prepared to  do this, then the consumers should, nt  least so far as this province Is concerned.   We are Informed that there Is one  bona lido  Canadian company  In  this  province prepared to sell, and are selling, the same class of goods as those  of the Standard Oil company, and that  arrangements are being   made    with  some of our well-known local grocers  to handle the goods.   Workingmen and  others should patronize home Industry  In this regard, also It Is now time for  the people to step In and say .how much  longer they Intend to allow the railroad companies, who give preferential  rates over all others to the Standard  Oil company, to do their, share In this  fleecing arrangement.  A  PRIVILEGE, NOT A CONTRACT.  A recent decision by the Minnesota  supreme court holds that a franchise  granted by a city to a quasi-public  corporation is a privilege instead of a  contract. The decision is of importance  as bearing upon the rights of cities to  lay regulations' upon street railway,  telephone, gas electric light and water  companies.'  A Allnneapolis telephone company  was operating with overhead wires.  The city ordered the wires put under  ground. The company resisted the  order and carried the matter into the  courts, and the supreme court decided:  against its contention that the franchise was a contract between the city  and the company, the terms of which  could-not-be-changed-durlng-tlie-llte-���  time of the contract. The court held*  that It was merely a privilege.  The decision has direct bearing on  proposed changes In the city charter of  Minneapolis for the regulation of franchises. It is proposed to incorporate  the following provisions in the new  charter: .  "Section 3. The city of Minneapolis-  shall have the light and power to regulate and control, fiom time to time,  the exercise by any person or corporation of any franchise, whether such,  franchise has been granted by the city  ot Minneapolis or by and under the  state of Allunesotn. ami the exercise  of such power of regulation and controlling shall be vested in the city  council. Said city council may. from  time to time, enact resolutions nnd ordinances In relation thereto, except ns  is otherwise In'this charter provided.  "Provided, that In such regulation  and control the maximum prices which  may be charged shnll be:  "For street railway service���Single-  cash fares five cents, or six tickets for  25 cents, the same to include'the proper transfer check.  "For lighting service���Gas at $1.10 net  per 1000 cubic feet.  "Electricity at 10 cents per 1000 watt-  hours.  telephone service���In business  $48 per-annum; in dwelling'  $24 per annum; full metallic-  unlimited service."  "For  houses,  houses,  circuit,  >V Nanalmo despatch says that the  strike at Extension has been settled by  James Dunsmuir offering 82 1-2 cents  per ton of 2.100 pounds' at a meeting  held Tuesday. It was further 'decided  thnt no contract work would be'allow-,  ed. '  ���;.-.,���.*!*-.-..'V' ���;,'.". uv... THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUEDAT..,,  ��-���*�����*"��<"-  ,'APRIU 28, 3900  ���. . O'   THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO.  HARTLEY.  l'lTW.ISHKD   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF' ORGANISED   LABOR  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM-  r.-vxv.  AT   ���112  HOMER    STREET,  VElt,   11.   C.  VANCOU-  SL-ISSOKII'TIONS   IN   ADVANCE.   :,  A wci-k. 3 ceii'ts: month,- 1�� (���cuts', lliivu  months, ''.- <i'iU!i; six months, <i'< wills--;  ���nir yi.-ar, ���fl.2.1.  KNDOUSED "UV   THE   TltADES   AND  LAUOR   COUNCIL.  SATURDAY.  ..APRIL 28. WOO  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will kindly notify The Independent.'  Until we are able to get matters arranged mistakes are bound to occur.  more and inore of their products in  each decade, but take less of our rriei*3  chandlze than before.  "9. There has been a great increase  in our trade with South Africa, while  our dealings ���with-British West India  have diminished.  "10. The balance of trade against  Great Britain Is �� 150,000.000 yearly,  which Is covered by the earnings of  our merchant mivy and foreign Inccst-  monts.  "11. Net imports of bullion In forty  years averaged, i'*l,(HiO,000 yearly; -C-l,-  500,000 In  Ihe doi'iido 1SS9-9S.  "12.'The triidivof ISl'H showed an Increase over ISUS of CI5,000,000 of Imported inerelKimll-k- ami l''10,000,000 of  exports."  THE LABOR PLATFORM.  At the 1S9S session of tho Dominion  Trades and Labor congress held in  Winnipeg, the following plaform was  adopted. We would especially commend it to the consideration of the  workers of British Columbia at the  present time:  I. Free compulsory education. '  .   2. Legal working day of eight hours  and six-days a week.  - 3. Government   inspection   of  all  in-  . dustries.  4. The abolition of the contract sys-  'tem on all public works.,      /  5. A minimum living wage, based on  local conditions.  G. Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telegraphs, .waterworks, lighting, etc.        *  ���������7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on industry and increasing it on land  values. ,'���'.'���"'���.  "S. Abolition  of the Dominion senate.  9. Exclusion of Chinese.  10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, on all  government supplies.  II. Abolition of child labor by children under 14 years-of age; and of female labor in air branches of Industrial life, such as mines, workshops,  factories, etc. ��� ���  12. Abolition of property: qualification  *)r all public offices.  13. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  .  ., 14. Proportional   representation    and  the cumulative- vote.  .    15. Prohibition   of   prison   labor   in  competition  with free labor.  AMERICAN   FEDERATION  OF  LABOR   PLATFORM.  i:   Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the, initiative and referendum.  3. A legal work day ot not more than  eight  hours.  '4.   Sanitary  inspection of. workshop,  mine and home.  ' ,5.   Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.  6, The abolition of the contract system in; all public works.  7. The abolition of the sweating system.  '   '  S. The municipal ownership of street  cars, waterworks, gas and electric  plants for' the public distribution of  light, heat and power.  9. The nationalis-at'on of the telegraph, telephone, railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substitution therefore a title of occupancy and  -.use only. '���;-"..-  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen incorporated in the federal and  .state laws of the United States.-  12. The abolition. of the monopoly  privilege,of issuing'money and substituting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the people. -  FORTY YEARS OF BRITISH  TRADE. '       .  In the Contemporary for Alarch, Mr.  Michael Mul'iall surveys the progress  of British Trade, since 1859. .In..1899,  ���for the first'time In history, the external commerce of a single nation has  'exceeded ��S00.000.000, for British trade  in 1899 amounted to ,CSI5.000,000. Mr.  Mulhall's survey Is classified geographically and Is little more than a host  of figures, but hl�� summary contains  the essence or his llgures:  "1. The rutin of British trade per  Inhabitant in 1899 was higher than at  any previous date. *  "2. The growth,'of'our ' trade since  1868 has been unequal, imports having  risen 72, exports only 50 per cent.  ".'I. Imports mini Germany, Franco;  Holland, and Belgium are increasing  with great rapidity, while exports are  declining except  to Germany.  "4. Spain has doubled her trade with  us since lS'lS. On the other hand, our  dealings wllh Ilnly linvc fallen remarkably. ' ���  ��� ������ i  "B. Our relations with the United  States have grown three times ns much  as with our colonies,., imports being to  exports as 3 lo 1. '. .  "6. South America (except Argentina) is slipping away from British and  passing Into German hands.  "7. In the Far. East we find our trade  with China falling hea-rlly, while It has  quadrupled with Japan.   It is declining  with India and Egypt.  "8. Australia and   Canada   send    us  HA CI-"* AND '-RELIGION IN SWISS  REFEHENDU.M VOTINGS.  .Mr. I'oiiu'i-i.y makes an interesting  exhibit of 1 lie results of eei'liiln referendum votings in Switzerland, with n  view to studing tlie effect-* of racial  and religious differences between the  population'! of tho several cantons.  Air. Pomeroy's article Is accompanied  by two tables���each loo elaborate for  reproduction here���which divide the  cantons according to race and language and according to religion, respectively, showing tlie percentage voting  "yes" nnd the percentage not voting  in each canton.  Mr. Pomoruy adopts De Plolge's classification, which puts down 14 of the  cantons as 'German, I as ���Gernian-  French. 5 as French, and 2 as Italian.  From his study of the statistics of nine  referendum votings, the first iif which  was taken on the adoption of the Swiss  constlutlon, in 1S4S, and the last on  the unification of the civil and military  code, in 1S9S, Mr. Pomeroy concludes:  "1. -That the cantons do not all vote,  one way according to race and language. Thus in the June 3, 1894, voting the percentage of those voting 'yes'  in the German cantons ranges from  G.9 per cent, to 30.9 per cent., and in  the French 4-antons from C per cent,  to 37.4 per cent.; while in the last voting the percentage of those voting 'yes'  in the German cantons ranges -from  13.6 per cent, to eli.4 per cent., and in  the French cantons from 34.2 per cent,  to S3.3 per cent. The distinction of race  and language is blotted out in.the referendum votings.  "2. There is no uniformity' in the.  tendency to vote 'yes' or the tendency  to vote 'no' in either, the German,  French or Italian cantons.. Thus in  the iilrst voting the German cantons  east a little larger percentage of affirmative votes than the French; in the  second voting this is reversed, and so  on. Those who vote apparently vote  independently sof any! race aptitude to  negative- or "affirmative-action.''This is  particularly shown by the'seven votings on one date in 1S66, when,, while  in some cases the percentages approach  uniformity, in others,we find such wide  variations as 6.8 per cent, and 70 per  cent., .3.3 per cent, and 47.8 per cent.,  31.1 per cent, and 7S.9 per cent, in the  same canton. '.-.'���.  "3. The percentage of those, not voting shows that the Germans pay less  attention to voting than the French,  and .the Italians, are usually, a little  more Intersted than either. The German-French canton of Vaud once or  twice shows, a larger percentage votr  lng than the French or Italian cantons, and once it shows less than any  of the other general, averages.���"���'*  "4. 'The ���mountain . cantons of TJrt,,  Sclrwyz, Obwalden, and Nidwalden  show very high percentages of citizens  voting. These cantons have and have  liad for generations the Landsgemelnde  or.-most'direct form of direct legislation." -' ,:  ���RELIGIOUS .���DIVISIONS...  Of the 22 cantons. 9 1-2 are Catholic,  5 1-2 are Protestant,,3 are equally .divided, and 4 have it.Protestant majority. After rearranging the. statistics  of the nine referendum votings toimnke  them correspond with the religious,  rather, than the racial, division of the  cantons, Air. Pomeroy draws the following conclusions:    ,;:  "1. That the cantons do not vote  alike according to religion. Thus in  June,.3, 1S94, voting the percentage of  those voting 'yes' in the Catholic 'cantons ranges from 6 per cent, to 36.9 per  cent., and in the Protestant cantons  from S.S per cent., to 2G.2 per cent.  There are just as. wide differences between Catholic as between Protestant  cahtons'in the percentage of those voting 'yes.1.    .  "2. The general average of those  voting 'yes' does, not show any prb-  =gres.sjonior-^regresslon-from=the=Gath-  olle to Protestant cantons, but is mix-  edup. The pepole do hot vote according, to religion.  "3:. There are as great differences in  the percentage of those who do hot  vote in the Catholic cantons as in the  Protestant cantons. Religion does not  apparetnly influence them to sU.';-'at  home or to vote, or else it inlliiences  them equally.  "4. In the general average of the  stay-at-homes there is no general pro-  gre'ssion or regression from Catholic to  Trotestant cantons.  It seems, therefore, (hat religious  and race prejudices piny an Inslgnlfl-;  cant pnrt In determining Swiss pbl-^  ley. In .Mr. Pomeroy's opinion the disappearance of these factors Is largely  due to the operation of the referendum'  Itself, which serves lo concentrate'the  attention of tlie voters on llie common  good. ��� , ������.-, .-.;���-.  COMPETITION DEFINED.  By Ralph Waldo Emerson:���The  young man, oh entering life, finds the  way to lucrative employment blocked  with abuses. The ways of trade have  grown selfish to the borders of then,  and supple to the borders tit' not beyond the borders) or fraud. A tender  and Intelligent conscience is n disqualification for success.  lly Herbert Spencer:���A system of  keen competition, carried on, ns it Is,  without adequate moral restraint. Is  very much a system of eoninicri'lul  cannibalism. Its nUei'iintes'iire: l*se  the same weapons as your ant agon Is Is  or lie conquered "ami devoured. Success (under competition) is Incompatible with strict Integrity.  By Henry Demorest Lloyd:���By  these rules of coiniK'tltlon the cunning  urc the good, nnd the weak and tender  the bad, nnd the good are to have n'l  the goods nnd the weuk arc to have  nothing. It Is a race to the bad, and  the winners are the worst. Its central  principle Is that strength gives the  strong In the market "the, right lo destroy his neighbor.  By Webster's Dictionary:���Tlie act  of seeking or endeavoring to gain what  another Is endeavoring to gain at the  same time; rivalry; mutual strife for  the same object.  By the Standard ��� Dictionary:���The  act or proceeding of striving for seme-  thing that Is sought by another nt the  same time.  Luxciira PIT l'l'.  C'ATKIMSU A SFECMLTY.  John Ohen,  <^"    Confectioner.  A full line III ('(INKKITIDXKIIV mid  l'.\MI!IK>.  Ice Cream Delivered.  113 lliHi-xui Stiii:it  V\mihivi:ii, II. i'.  The Gilt Edgej^>  "Friends are always ready to push  ye up," said the janitor philosopher,  "but vlry few av thlm will put a flther  bid under ye whin ye fall."  No christian who knows the gospel  can possibly believe that It warrants  him living uselessly by the sweat ot  another  man's brow.���Goldwin  Smith.  A strike of rivet makers in the Staffordshire and Worcestershire district,  after a few months' duration, has ended. The masters having conceded an  advance of twelve and,a half per cent.  In wages.  In a new boat-driving gear a short  propeller shaft is set in the rear of the  boat, intermeshing with a large gear  wheel, mounted on a horizontal shaft  with pivoted levers connected to the  shaft by cranks to rotate the propeller  and drive the boat.  The mistake : of the besl men,  through generation after generation,  has been that great men helping the  poor through 'preaching.' patience and  hope,-and every other means, emolient  and consolatory, except the one thing  God orders for them, Justice.���Ruskin.  ���J--*'  llliSTAUKANT.  Kill Cordova Stri'ii, foiirdonn,  H'l-Mlf .Mihntl.  I The best llffli-uii-i-fiit infill ill tin' clly. (Jive  iimi irlul. "Tlieieiil proof of I lie piuMiiik' I" in  the eating."   Open day awl night.  Meal Tickets, $3.  llitKlien   **    KnsEiitt,   Proprietor-H.  STOCKTAKING  ���  SALE**  Toy*, Doll*, and  Fancy Goods, Etc  503 Hastings St.  For preserving timber, from decay  an Australian has patented a new  treatment, consisting of immersing the  timber In a solution of arsenous ncid  and an alkali until thoroughly impregnated, i after which, a coating of  sulphate of copper is applied.  "The prevalence of grip recalls fo  mind the Irishman's' definition of it,"  solid .Senator Joe Blackburn the other  evening. "He; said it ;���was the worst  disease'on earth. It enjoyed this distinction because the victim was sick  six months after he got well."  There is a marked improvement In  almost every branch of labor in Dublin  at present. Employment In the building trade especially is exceptionally  good, a large number of extensive improvement' schemes having been started by .the; corporation and the surrounding townships.   ''���'  Clothes are automatically cleaned In  a new wash boiler, which has a false'  bottom into which the 'water falls from  the main boiler, with a series of tubes  extending vertically to the "top of the  boiler, through which the water is  driven by the Increased heat and steam  in the false bottom.' "  'Diplomacy ns a profession is discussed by Diplomat In the National Review.  He contends that telegraph, and possibly telephone, hnve so changed the  conditions of diplomacy ns to concentrate responsibility in the foreign minister and relieve our representatives accordingly ot lis pressure. ��� Yet the  numbers In", the. profession, and Its emoluments are-Increasing. The writer  gravitates toward Voltaire's preference  of plain honest men to professional diplomats for, the arrangement of International business. Professor Westlake,  In stating the, case or Finland, still  hopes that wiser, counsels may yet prevail.-^' .. - :��� '.-,. .o, ',,',,,  -���  . The Appeal seems to. be stumbling  rlght-lnto the current of late. But not  the'least was the action of the city  council of the city of Winnipeg, Manitoba, in appropriating money to buy  5,000 copies of the munlcipel ownership edition of the Appeal and distribute them to the citizens. There appears to be one city council that is  sensible enough to use public funds to  give their constituents Information.  Usually they want to keep everything  possible under cover while they: skin  the people Who have elected thei.i.���  Appeal to Reason.  THE���"^  Electric Light  Ts now will)in ihi1 ronrli or e-terjlin-h-.  IMicL"-- liiixi* lately buun re<ltn*e<l, and the  11. C KliMMrii' Itnilwiiy t'(iiii]iiiiiy hnve  thoii liiH's iiHnu-T tliccitj. Pit "lint du-  lny. but install iiml tive'iiiK Oni.v Liiiiir,  uliicli is iitjMiIutL'ly  Safe, Clean and  Up-to-date.  Ne\v- '���  h6e&  Mien  Wo hiivu tin; oxclusivd*  s(illini�� ii<;oncy of tho . .  I'AGKARD SIIOK an<l tho ...  nYli'0 ' ��!"J ,,I,U1,,I0S tl*o J>ost tlioru is In Shoes   I'/MIKilltl} SIIOHS have For yoars boon pro-omi'nontly  tlio distinct loadors in tlio United States, and in iti-  Imclncing llicm we Feel as though they wore not im  expeninent, but in quality the BEST SHOE manu-  ' Faoturad.    Wo have them in all stylos and leather  Trees Sprayed Early  Alwaijs Give Best Results in Bearing  fruit, Etc.^^^-^      '  See our window For Spray Pumps, Pruning.  Knives, Pruning Saws and everything else that'-is  needed for the purpose.'      '  '  Tho*. Dunn ��> Co  (MXlTiril.)  S, 10, \2 CnriloviiSlrcot, nnd S,10  Water St root, Vancouver.  rroiitStrOet.Atlin, J!, c.'.  Cleveland and  Tribune  oooooooooo  cle-s t  SOLE AGENT,      i  24 Cordova St. J  1  i\ i  If carefully looked after it is idieuper:  lliiul coal oil, ami, oil] what a difference  in Ihe evuniiig.  Apply for rates at the  Company's Office,  ���:��� ���.    ..������....-.. ,''':'���  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  Lincoln snid.ut the close of the civil  war with keen prophetic vision: "It  has been indeed a trying hour for the  republic, but I see in the near, future  a crisis approaching; that unnerves me,  and causes me to tremble for tho safety of our country. Corporations have  been enthroned and an era of corruption in high'- places, and the money  power of the country will endeavor  to prolong Its reign by working upon  the prejudices of the. people, until all  wealth Is aggregated in a few hands,  and the republic is destroyed. I ���feel  at this moment more anxious for tlie  safety "of my country than ever before,  even In the midst of war."  The Vleomte d'Avenel contributes to  Itevtie Vies Deux .Mondesi one of hlH  Informing articles on the'mechanism of  modern life, dealing this time, both historically nnd practically, with hats,  feathers and Mowers. IJo describes in  great detail the enormous Industries  created at the dictates ot that Imperious and mysterious entity known as  fashion. He tells a remarkable story  of a clover French woman, the fourth  child of a man of letters who had married a noble but poor wife. This girl,  beginning with nothing but her-clever  fingers and her quick Intelligence, created step by step a great business returning' JSO.000 ; a ��� year in net profits.  The particulars given of the trade In  feathers may well strike despair into  the hearts of the humane who are ever  seeking to persuade women, to give up  these'adornments for the sake of the  poor birds.-; ;:'*;;  ���$w  ������w-tf'?^;:^! ���.'������'���*��� ^  tiardie & Thompson  Marine and Ceiiem!     ,'���r-<  Cimsnltiiig���'���JIIceliaiiiciLl Engiiicers    .  021) Cokuo'va St. W., V.incciivkh, II. C. Tkl. 7(17  ���;'���   I'atentoas iiml desiiniers of,the Ilanlie-  ���    Tliompson water lube boiler, lieu- high  spuiMl   reversing engines, and .siienial  :     niauliinery in light seulions for mines.  1'ROl'Kt.LERS ORSIONEI).    ES'KINIM IXDICATEll .\.\1>  ������' AlMl'STEl). ���    -  Solo iigunts in II. O. and N.'WV Turrilbries for  the I'nltuill'lexible -Motallli: Tubing Co., Mil;,  London, Kng. ;  ^Joaaaasoaaaaaoaaoaasaaaaaoaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaanaao  8  nt-Keform      |  :���     For .Gentlemen's .High  Art, .l^ildr^-nnife^.^r':^',;  .'������ Ganneiii'S, Suits to order".or''ready to^voar ;�����--Sg;  at hai.k best tailors'Di'ices.       '-^<-   ^-^-ft:';--"���'-'S'  -..;'.'���������: -"-.   ' '������'  --     -���:':-:,v-.,.'''-'u:'/';*T-':":f':-:..-;"'^.V'*u':  334 Hastings St. -    - YANtOlJVERr B. C.  I  '  ���'���' '"iTl-TOS   Pn<i'IM.M> ''--Sou: CiiSTiioLLBii '���":       ���'.�������������� :'"!V:^;-        '������'���'v.'--';:.'-S-.'  ���.+ ��"?��� l 1*>JM>,   i-oit' Va.ncouvkh. ' ' X  O  O  o  o  o  a  a  n  Si  o  o  o  o  o  a  O  o  o  o  o  o  tl  o  o  ��� o  o  o  fE areDireot Ijipoiitkiw  Nkvv  Hats and Ties  Page Ponsford Bros.  (505 Hastings St.      '���''  ��viiKN'si;iiHi.'iiiixti i''on.\'<^.^  -   War Book   -  .SVutlinl II Is I In: Ih'KI, the  Library of South Africa  11V I'llllK. JIACKHNZIK,      .      '  and gut thu iiKiHits'SKiiiiriiutuu lliai. It Is  Our Edition.  ������ Aiiil.yctu will innku mt  '     J. M.MdcCrcgor Publishing Comjljiny.,  Vaiieoiiver, II.(';. ���   '���'���"���;���''-..���.���.'  See Geo. Irvine's Out-door  vases, and get: one for your  lawn.   Rear World office- ���;  o   EirTII SEMI-ANNUAL SALE  ��1  o  ���e=  o  o  n  Is NoW on in Full Blast at Less Tlian Wliolesale  Trices.    Goino early.  g'lr.fL ������.���"���  420 Wcstmins  n .���������-.-:���. ^..-.-.      9     tor Avenue.  O Opposite'market Hull. .       ���'   *  .  n . ��� '������-.'.--���'--���    ���������'���-.'���������.     ���������:���������     ��� ��� , ������ '.>.-.-.. -.  ocpsooooooooooocococceooocooecoocoocooocoooooodocdtBtt  ��  -u  V  u  u  u  8  u  u  ���u  u  o  ��l  ���u  u  a  u  u  <u  8  -,.V\ I  il SATURDAY.rt.rtow.APME 2?/ 1900  Tlie Dawn of u New Day.  THE INDEPENDENT.  Ella. Wheeler Wilcox.  -All hail the dawn of .1 new day breaking,  'When a strong-armed nation shall take  away  'The weary' "burden from "backs that are  arching,  Witli maximum work and the minimum  pay.  When no man Is honrod who hoards his  millions; ���" 0   .  When no man feast* on another's toll:  '-And'God's poor suffering, ���stai'vlng 1)11-  linns  ShuHshnre his riches of sun nuil soil.  'T'herti is gold for all in tho tho world's  ibrond tiosom:  There  Is .food for all  In 'tho  world's  great store  '.Enough Is provided If rightly divided;  Let each man take what he needs���mi  ...   more.  -Sluume on tho miner with unused riches,  Who robs the toller to swell his hoard;  Who beats down the wages of tlio digger  of ditches  And  steals   tho  bread  from ' tho-���poor  ���man's board.  ������Shame on -the owner of 'mines who cruel  And selfish measures have brought him  'Wealth  'While the ragged wretches 'who dig his  fuel  Are ro'bbed  of comfort and  hope and  health.  ���.Shame on the ruler who rides in his car.  riage,  nought by the labor ot luilf-ipnJd men���  "Men who are shut out of homo und marriage.  Ami nre .herded like sheep in a tkovel  pen.  lng in responding to "The Dominion  Trades Congress," speaking wth all  his old-time fire and vigor upon the  varous aspects of the labor situation.  He created a good-humored roar of  laughter by exclaiming that the human  animal race was divided Into two  classes���namely, "assea and those who  rode them,"���and then usklng the  gathering pointedly, "Which are you?"  urging them to work shoulder to  shoulder for tho union cause, and got  themselves on top, he > closed amid  hearty cheers.  INDEPENDENT ITEMS.  BEWARE  PROMISES'  mm BANpYM).  ABOLISH DEPOSITS.  Labor centres In the cast and west  are urging .Mr. Putlee to make n light  tn have the $200 deposit necessary for  every candidate  before  being nominated for the House ot Commons.  Urlt-  Isli  Columbia  friends  arc  of  opinion  Hint a nomination paper alone should  be required to be subscribed to by 100  bona fide electors of the constituency.  This view Is also endorsed In the cast.  Here In Winnipeg labor men are unanimous  on   the  point  that  the  deposit  system   should   go.    Last    night    the  Trades Council was more concerned on  the point of the polls being kept open  till  8 p.  m���  but every delegate who  spoke expressed himself against the cx-  horbltnnt deposit,   Mr. Puttee Will eurn  the gratitude of labor people all over  the Dominion if he makes a determined  and successful effort to remove these  two   barriers.    Stay  -with   it   Arthur,  right to the end, the whole labor force  of   the  Dominion   is  behind  you,  and  something hus got to give when such  Is the case.���.Winnipeg Voice.  ANTI-ELECTION  We are pleased to be imformed that  no union men are patronizing the solitary barber shop that keeps open Sunday morning.  The tailors, the cigarmnkers and the  printers all have labels to Indicate that  their work Is done under fair conditions. See to It that you look for It on  these goods. -  Patronize our adverllsoments. The  men and women who manlfesL-syni-  pathy or friendliness for the labor  movement In a substantial manner are  entitled to returns from ua.--  PATRONIZE YOUR FRIENDS.  If the wage earning class ever wish  to make their Influence felt in proportion to the strength they undoubtedly  possess,   they  must   show  , by   their  Ottawa labor,men believe in recog-   actions  that  they are  alive  to  their  ���->--'���-������       ��� ��� -        .-.-.-   own Interests and honest In their con  victions,  says; the Industrial Banner.  Every enemy of the labor cause should  be treated as. an enemy, while every I  friend should be recognized and treated as a frieriu'-^The wage-earner who  will,spend even a^single cent,over the  counter of a mercliant who he .knows  to be unfriendly lo; the welfare of the  toilers, is playing deliberately', into the  hands ot his enemies, he is helping to  build up:the business of an.individual  who is' antagonistic; to the interest of  the.producing class, and he is robbing  the fair merchant, who he is in justice  hound to patronize.   Whenever a mem-  Iber of organized labor is about to make  a: purchase he should1'.stop   and   recognize that-the irioneyhets about to  spend is going to aid in building up a  friend or an enemy of the labor,,cause,  and then if he. is honest in'his convictions lie . will certainly, see that any  money he has to spend shall go to support a friend.;. Let; laborwake up and  be  true to  Itself,  let-.it demonstrate  that.it.'does notforget and is ready Vo  appreciate any effort' made on : its behalf.:  There is no  reason ��� why   the,  workers-'should   invest   or  spend   one  cent, to support, their enemies.   There  are/enough tiierchaiits "friendly to 'the  cause of labor, to do, all the trading of  the laboi'irigoclass, .and/,what.is;more  they are honestly entitled to,that trade.  We hope'every workingman will keep  that point in view.   We cannot: afford  to'build up an enemy of our,cause.. Let  the  enemies  of  labor  depend :on  the  enemies of 'labor; for their support and  let  those  merchants  who  are  fnjr  to  labor know-that their' actions are; appreciated, and   that labor  is .at  their  back.������-.���Ir.Even an (idiot' would laugh'at  the: Idea of the British soldiers.putting  rifles in the hands of .the Boers, to use  against themselves, - but itls 'not one  whitimore,foolish .than'.!to put^money  Into the poeket'of the merchant who  would', like,  to'' down   you.    Boys  you  can't affdirt to' act the; lunatic, it you  have  an  ounce of  common  sense In  your make-up you should Jtnow enough  to stand by your friends and when you  do, so:;you  will  be making,;,friends  to,  stay by you. ',:���/'.- -,v'-v,"'  Ralph Smith, president of the Dominion Trades and Labor congress, has  received the nomination, for Nanalmo.  We sincerely hope Ralph will be returned by a substantial majority and  that he may have many more bona  fide union men as his colleagues in the  legislature.  Jas. Wilkes, of the Miners' union, Is  spoken of as an Independent labor candidate In Rossland! He is a good flght-  er, and is on the right track, and we  wish him success. Hl'i��?opronents will  likely^ be Hon. Smith Curtis and Hon.  C. H. Mackintosh. Workingmen Jyliould  '���fuzing merit and know how to honor  that quality In a fitting manner.  ",   �� -'������ The Allied Trades and Labor association of Qttawa tendered a banquet last  ���week to Mr. A..W. Puttee, Independent  Labor member of parliament for Winnipeg, and  the  affair   -was 'in   every  way a credit to the workingmen of the  ,  city.   The scene of. the festivities was  ���..the* AlbloniJSotel,. Nicholas street, and  about 200 gentlemen Were" on hand to  do honor ;td, the guest-of; the  night/  :    Not only w-as. the gathering a distinct  ..'.;' success from the standpoint of a banquet, but.It served to show the. unity  and strength which mark, the labor-or-  '.ionizations'' of the .capital, vand    the  :;  terms on which.; the /workingman and  his representative may meetto discuss,  ���jC^as it .were, matters In, common.   ;,..'.'.  -S^'.'Meii from' all branches of local labor  were present���bricklayers and masons,  ,    printers, tinsmiths,:painters, butchers,  clerks, plumbers, carpenters, moulders  - -  and several other trades.:  Then there  ''���: /were, some in .attendance who are not  . connected with anyylabor   body,, 'but  who wished just the same to pay tri-  ���';'���'���, bute to the dignity; of-the cause. '..v.  ���'Mr. P; M..Draper,, president of, the  .'''���;;Allied /.Trades''arid -'Labor a'ssbeiation,  ."; occupied /the ;chair.>r Grouped; around  ,';: him were/Mr.' Puttee, Mayor Payment,  ;!A:ldermen.D'Arcy Scott, Davis, Forde,  ''���:'' Hewlett;,!!F.,/F. Morris,; Champagne,  '  Desjnrdins,' James Davldsdn;L'appinte,  - .'��� Messrs. .John Coates, -Taylor .Me Veity,  i    D. J. O'Donoghue, P. D.Ross, F. Mof-  ^ fet. C. -S.'Boudreault; R. G.' Hay arid  others.. The,, dining hall  was appro-  . :' ���priately.  gotten- up  for.,the occasion,  flags ;and -bunting giving a .decorative:  oei'feet and, such mottos: as ."The Eight  Hour ;.Day,"   "Public    Ownership "of  Franchises,"   reminding  the   labormen  ;.-, of the cause In Which they.are :dolhg  ���"���battle."   ���'  ''" .,':'"! '::':. '��� -���;;��� '���'.'������'.  ..;���; 'During the course of the: banquet, and  Between .the  speeches,��� R.; A.  Berry's  .'���orchestra' rendered music.    'A number  - ,of songs likewise were given. The ut-  :';niost smoothness, marked the course of  '-. proceedings.:.; .������,.-'':;��� :,"; .'������ -.::   ".'; ���;'. ���  The Ottawa Journal says: : Mr.! Put-  'tee, M. P.,  the guest of the evening,  made a most    favorable    impression..  Young looking; of medium height;and  build, quiet in manner, he speaks with  .a pronounced English accent.  Without  ! any pretence at:, rhetoric, or   flowery  ��� oratory, he soon warmed up to a vig-  ;', orous, clear and forcible.exposltion of  'the position   and' possibilities of the  .   labor movement.;  In reply to the1,toast,of "Our Guest,"  ��� 'Mr.' Puttee: gave an'interesting speech,  in '-which,. of: course, he  spoke  much  about the  labor  platform, in   politics.  .'He[Showed that the platform is broad  ,: .enough   arid would   give way to no  - party. He condemned the power which  .the Senate had over Canadian politics,  ,;/ and considered: that the. Upper Cham-  per';lsh'ouJd_no_t.L.'be Jef t ��� jylthout^ any_|  not hesitate in their choice.  ��� ���i2f.  The city council has rescinded, the  minimum wage clause. Note the names  of those who voted for and against  this motion. Some of these are seeking  election to the provincial legislature.  Workingmen should go after the political scalp of every man who was.a  party- to the repealing of the living  wage clause.  What do you think of the; ticket?  As regards Mr. Cha's. Wilson, Q.C., His  Worship. Mayor Garden, -Mr., Tisdall,  M. P. P., and Aid. W. H; Wood, we  consider that they are all gentlemen,  holding the utmost:respect of our.citi-  zens, and; consequently must be respected as such by, all/ fair-minded  men,.both when they are on the hustings and off it.- . They have- not: yet  made any; political .'speeches,. so as to  be open for criticism. 'It.Is particularly;  noticeable that each one of:'the' above  named candidates is the >.happy 'possessor of a: handle; tohis name, and if.  the owners of them shine in the public  a  .   ���    . -. . ..-.-.���. -.v.  eye as brilliant astheir names they.are  indeed fortunate. .Aid. Wood's, course_  in ; the city council has been \ held ��� in  high;,, estimation.by .the^yast majority  of .workers' in" this city.  .One thing, we  must. reinember,",workiiigmcn years ago  made up their' minds not; to look, to  trie conservatives to ��� initiate any great  reform -which they need. ��� r-:      ���.���"-������'���  ������-. M     ...'-.    -���'���' ��������������������� ':      .;.'i : ��� ��� ������'���'  "Tho Parliamentary system of thu  -MollK-r l^ind adopted In the Dominion  of Cuniiiln and Provinces thereof by the  British North America Act, when-properly carried out, is opposed to faction,  mill serves to safeguard national interests.  Political parties with party organisation  rtpresent the cardinal principles of Ilrlt-  Ish Government and tend to suppress  divisions, conspiracies and confusion in  the  State.  The distinctive features of the Liberal-  Conservative party in-Canada have been  essentially���  Country.   .  1. Loyalty to Queen nnd faith In  Country.  2. Faith in  the people.  X   Equal civil und religious liberty.  4. Government according to tho principles and precedents under tho British  Constitution, including (a) Parliamentary control of public expenditure, (b)  Tlio rosponsfbility of Government to  Parliament, (e) The utmost good faith  enforced as .between Government ��nd  the public touching ah executive und  legislative acts to 'persevere public credit  and the good,name of our, country.  fi.  Tho improvement and betterment of  the condition of the wage-enrninc classes.  0.   The  encouragement   by   the   State  of  the  introduction   and   investment  ot  capital In the country.  7., Active State aid in: (a) The development .of transportation'facilities by sen.  and land, (b) The advancement of agriculture and of,the natural resources ot  tho'country, (c) The Improvement of education. '  With such principles the record of the  Liberal-Conservative party in Canada  since 1SG7, among other things, is notable  for the following:  The consolidation and union-of the provinces and territories of British North Am-  reica. ������������.������  The maintenance of British connection.  An   inter-oceanic 'und-transcontinental  railway. ;  A rietwork{ of railways over Canada.  An 'independent national canal system  ctnnecting the middle of the Continent  with' the Atlantic Ocean. ,  The development and protection of  Canadian and industrial.life.  The estaibllshiment' of steamship 'communication with, foreign countries. ,  The establishment of experimental  farms and the introduction of cold storage.:,-       ���     : .if;  Increased allowances for the Militia and'  the formation of permanent corps.  ;  The  establishment     of  a Government 1 circunwlances  of the  I'rovi  list ti.i.M.fi..i. u.-...��. ' ���  crust telegraph system  inco  will a<J.  ���nit,  ami   the adoption  of  the  princlpto  Tlio construction of dry-docks al Que-   that no bonus should be granted to any  bee, Esiiutmalt mid Kingston. ' railway  company -which   does   not  give  Tlie establishment, ot a fishery protec.   tlio Government of the Province tho con-  II"- ���������������'���- trol of rates over lines bonuscd, togclhcc  with the option of purchase.  To iiMsuine control and ndi  lion  service.  Under these circumstances, at -Din.first  Ccnvcntlon of the Liberal-Conservative  Union for British Columbia, the following resolution was unanimously adopted:  'Itesolved, that in the opinion of this  Convention It is ���desirable that the  Llb-    and administration  of the ll.ilierlcs within the boundaries u��  the Province.  To notivi'ly assist by State aid In tha  development of the agricultunil resourcca  of the Province.  To muke the London Agency of British)  Columbia effective in proclaiming tho natural wealth of the Province, and as a  place'fur profitable 'Investment of capital.  In the interests ot labor, the Llbcru.1-  Conscrvatlvo parly sympathises with, an*  endorses the principle of un.,Bight-Houe  Law.  To provide ari'lmproved system of education.  To recognise and reform the system ot  Provincial aid to medical men and hospitals in outlying parts of the Province.  To.'actively support the advancement!  of tho mining interests of British Colrxn*-  bla.   -  immigration  of fomalot  eral-Oonservntive ]iarty should, as a party  take part in/Provincial elections for the  purpose of ensuring the Government und  Legislation of this Province on Liberal-  Conservative principles, und in order to  carry this into effect "at the next general  election for the Province" that candp  (lates lie Invited to stand -for such constituencies us are likely to return Llb-  etal-Conservatlve members, pledged primarily to support 11 Liucrul-Coimcrvntivu  Government as distinguished from-'n Government of Liberals or partly'of Liberal.-  Conservatives and partly of Liberals, and  that a;platform, or statement of, principles, applicable to local politics, be  drawn, up.'. ..-.-���    ���....   ,.  For the purpose of enforcing the car- ,\To aid In the  dhinl principles of the Liberal-Consorva- domestic servants,  tlve party In the local Government al,  British Columbia, we have the .honor to  recommend1 the uiCflrmiuion and'-a-wrovul  of the foregoing outline thereof so far as  applicable to local affairs, and In addition; to pledge this Convention, and the  members of the-Liberal-Conservative party  who support It, to the following programme for the Province of British Columbia. -':..-.  That true to the maxim of our party, 'by  the  party,   with  the  party,. but for  the  country,' the Interests ot British,Colum-  bia  shall  ibe  paramount,   regardless   of  the  political complexion of  the Federal  Coailnct.      .  It is proposed��� ���   ,  To revise the voters', lists.  To actively aid in  the construction of  trails  throughout  the undeveloped    portion of the Province, and the building of  Provincial  trunk roads  of  public necessity.' /-/  To   provide   for   the   official   inspection  of elevators and  hoisting gear.  ������'.,'..  ;,To Improve the admission of justice and  secure the speedy disposition of legal disputes.  To provide an effective system for the  settlement of disputes'between capital and  labor. '���'-..  To adopt the principle of Goveniiment | was unanimously   carried,  ownership of railways. In so .'far as the 1 greatest  enthusiasm.  We regret to. learn that the Government of Canada does not intend to assist  in sending and-maintiiining a- voluntcec-:  military contingent to South Africa to cooperate with the forces of, tlio Mathex"*  Land nnd Sister. Colonies in protcctins  the 'rights of British subjects.    ;.���-.- -. . -  That  this  Union  desires  to congratulate the Hon. Sir Charles Tapper, Bat*.,  on hisflhle and vigorous leadership dux-  :  lng the past session and trusts that he mast  long be spared-'to occupy, the hlglrposi-:  tion he now holds, and we hereby pledga  anew our confidence In Win and in tin  cause that he has so  aibly represented-,  and that this resolution be telegraphed tot ���  him.    '������ :���.......';.-,���..:  . (This resolution was passed'lby a stand- ,  ing vote, three rousing cheerff.nnd a tlgeff  being given for Sir Charles Tapper, Bart),  r'rhts Convention views with alarm ,the*  .  iriti'od-uotion-of large numbers of indigent  aliens   Into   the  Dominion     to  competa  v.'ith our; own people in the-field of lab-  or���and ,regrets that: the Federal Adminiff-  triition has: fnlltrt to Introduce the Icgis-r.  Iation  respeotiiig  Chinese   . Immigratioii-,  pledged to the people of this Province by'  the present Prime Minister of Canada."  The' whole of, the  n'bove     Msolutiona . :  were then;read and the motion to adopt  was unanimously   carried:    amidst:   tho  BEWARE  PROMISES.  OF     ANTI-ELECTION  SMOKE KURTZ'S UNION-MADE  ',,'���:!'���/ ,'..!,y;\CIGARS. ' ."..' . v, ���-.,���:���"���.'  If,you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own,".; '.'Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best  Brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. .The; above brands, are made  of, the best Imported Havana, and -by.  expert union workmen In Vancouver.  WIT  AND   WISDOM.  THE GEOGRAPHY  OF NOME.  TRADE NOTES.  ,.'On:yTuesday last .'the'. Pittsburg"railroads broke all previous records ,by  movlng'1',000 carloads of, structural iron  and steel. '���������",        ������'" ��� ^ ���'."'.:  '-';������ "Have you all kinds of- dictionaries?"  asked . the professor. ��� "I think so,"  answered the man In the book store.!  "Have you a\ dictionary ' of modern  game-language?",.. "No; I "can't say .I  have." /"Well, I've, got ,to' get one.s,I  know geology.and astronomy and a lot  of things, but I,can't7get Into a conversation any more .without' disgracing  myself. .-Why, bless -your heart, my  boy, I'm that Ignorant''I can't tell.'when  I ought to talk about, finessing, a* golf  ball or addressing ,,the queeni"���Washr  ington'Star. .;'������,     ':'���'���'.���i'''."  ��� Receipts1 at. the Havana custoriis  house for the first three months of 1900  were $3,126,414, against $2,'MS,SSS for the  same period of 1899.;  ,  ���check. No .-body/should have the right  to veto the people's representatives.  The senate is an Irresponsible body.  'There'ought to be a stronger power to  reject any laws, namely, the: ���."people  themselves. The referendum as it  exists In Switzerland -would prove a  ���good check to the house. Many laws  are passed and too few, are any good.  Members of parliament do not properly  represent the will of the people. They  ���were elected on different local Issues,  ���or for personal favor. Direct legislation Is wanted. Legislators are one  thing in the legislature and jtnothcr  ���thing at home. Out west now It Is  coming'about that no one can be elected unless In 'favor of government own-  ��� ershlp. The speaked believed In two  purtles,' but he believed that things  are so curried out nowadays Oat It Is  11 case of, parly before country. Independent men are necessary.  '.Mr. Puttee summed up the secret of  success in any movement In two essentials as follows, and urgodi the  labor organizations of the capital to  ���keep them In view: 1. Start early���and  2, stay at It. Jle hoped It would not bo  long until tlie capital whs represented  hy one. If not two. labor members in  parliament. He closed amid hearty  applause,  Other speakers were City Solicitor  McVelty;' Mayor Payment, Aids. Jas.  Davidson, Champagne,, Hewlett, Desjnrdins, D'Arcy Scott, and F.F. Morris,  C S. O. Boudreault,' P. D. Ross, N.  Kelly, F. W. Duncan and others.  The veteran of the labor cause In  'Ottawa, Mr. :D., J. O'Donoghue, made  one of the best addresses of the sfven-  . It is but a year or two ago that the  president of one of :,New England's  leading cotton mills declared that the  labor legislation of New England was  driving the cotton Industry of that particular section of-the country to de^"  structlon." At. that time! the cotton-  goods situation In New England Was  such ns to make the mill owners wont  to take a gloomy view of affairs generally. But changes have occurred since  that time, and the mill whose president's view is given above has declared a" regular quarterly dividend of 5  per cent, and 15 i per cent, extra, oi'  20 per cent. Tor the first four months  of 1900. When a mill pays dividends at  the rate of SO per cent, a year, says  Bradstreet's, It Is fair to assume that  the Industry in which It Is engnged is  not on the rond tn destruction.  As regards the slate of trade, Bradstreet's says: Warm spring weather  has helped Canadian trade distribution,  particularly In Quebec and Ontniio.  General business Is healthy at Montreal, failures nre few nnd small, and  the approaching opening of navigation  Is expected to further stimulate business. Toronto reports collections greatly Improved. Fleece wool Is lower. In  sympathy with British markets. Some  slight Improvement In trade Is noted  in the maritime provinces, but collections are slow. The settlement of mining troubles In British Columbia Is expected to help trade. Merchants there  arc reported carrying large stocks.  Bank clearings In Canada for the week  aggregate $25,184,809, a decrease of 20  per cent, from lastweek and of 12 per  cent, from this week a year ago. Business failures for the week number 19,  as compared with 35 last week, 30 in  this week a year ago, 15 In 1898, 22 In  1897,.and 37 In 1896.  ^Gyer���They 'must have queer cat,tle  down: in old Missouri. .Myer���Why do  you thirik so? -' Gyer���I saw an advertisement in the want columns of a. StV  Louis paper, the other day for a,/woman  to wash/iron and milk-twocows.���Chi-;  cago News."���  ';���:'-'-'���.���'���".-���:'  ���������'���;-���:-���.   v''.0,;' ���"-������,:;;- -"������'',':'.,  Knlcker���Jones wanis to get.into the  Hall of Fame. Booker���-But he can't;  you've got to be dead 10 years. "He's  lived in Philadelphia that long."���Life.  "Gee AVhiz!" exclaimed the centre  pole, "that fellow walks on you just  as easy as easy can be. Just seems to  .conie=naturaLito^hlm.:^Huh!-iiii'eplied,  the tight rope, "It does not'eome any  more natural to him than It does to  me. We both have to be taut."���Philadelphia Press.  /Professor.Heilprin, in describing the  geographical position of the Nome region, says, that.it is the southern face  of the penlnsularprojeetion of Alaska;  which separates Kotzebue sound on the  north: from Behririg-sea- in-the south,'  and''terminates!.westward, in Cape,  Prince of 'Wales,; the .extreme.; of  the-.North American continent.1 ;Iri a  direct line of navigation, it lies about  .2,500 :mles,;northwest of Seattle and, 170  riilles southeast of Siberia. The nearest'  settlement :'6f consequence to it prior to  1899. was St.; Michael, 100 miles' to; the;  south east, the.starting point of the  steariiers for!the;Yuko'n river, but-dur-j  irig- the year, various aggregations ofl  ,'mlning population had built themselves5!  up/in closer range and reduced the  Isolation from; the civilized world by.  some CO miles. ;''  ���-The Berlin-Politische Correspondenz  says Germany is now the third nation  dealing commercially with Japan, aid-  ding that in 1896 German imports were  20,000,000 yen and in 1899;almost 32,000.-  OOOyeii./'' -.::':!/::'-;, ?; V    .     /Vz'/r .:'-  OF INTEREST TO FISHERMEN.  ���Delegate-Rogers ot the Fishermen's  union, returned from Steveston yesterday. He reports having boon introduced to Mr. Loyd by letter from Mr.  Nalzu. 'Mr. Loyd has been associated  with the Japanese for a number of  years, and speaks their language. Mr.  Loyd, with Mr. Rogers, made a round  of the Japanese fishermen in the  Steveston district. They found that the  Japs were In hearty approval of the  union, nnd signified their intention of  calling a meeting In the near future,  for the purpose of enroling all those  who wish to join. On the Fraser river  the Chinese are as much hated by Ihe  Japs ns they are by the white men.  Mr. Loyd Is doing splendid work Tor  the union, and Mr. I Rogers assures us,  that In a very short time tlie organization of the fishermen will be perfected."  :        ROSSLAND  LABOR VOTE.    ' ..  A mass meeting of Rossland workingmen took place in Miners' Union  Hall on Saturday evening to decide on  a proposal to take Independent political  action. There were three direct bidders  for the labor vote���Hon. Smith Curtis,  Mr. James Wilkes and Mr. Hector,Mcpherson. The meeting was well attended and 11 resolution was passed  to place an Independent candidate'in  the field. Delegates were elected for  'o^cbhvention���to���b'e^shortl-t^heldrratr  which a candidate would be nomiri  a'ted.     :    good can be said, as there Is no doubt  that all of its leaders, most.of lis candidates and many of its prominent sup'-,  porters,  are: extremely  hostile to    all  labor legislation, and if they should be  returned with a sufficient majority to  do so, there is  little doubt that, they  would proceed at; once to wipe out/ of  existence 'every; measure calculated-/to  protect the worker in his rights.    True,  the New Westminster platform of that  party endorses the eight-hour law ;and  the principle of government ownership,  but  so  far out; of more .than- twenty  candidates: but onels standing fairly,  and squarely upon it, the others having found some excuse fsr evading its  provisions.    In some cases tlie running  of a labor candidate will niake Impossible the felectlon ,'of a; man favorable to  labor Interests, and insure the. return  of a  member unalterably opposed  to  them.'This  may- result in  losing at  one stroke all that has been gained by  years of Work and agitation.':  Herein  the danger lies, and it would, be; criminal to put a labor candidate in  the  field whose election is not: absolutely;  certain.    Every, .'workingman   in .'the  province is vitally interested iniseeing  the eight-hour law. the: truck act, the  coalmines regulation act, and kindred  laws^retained In their   entirety".and  strictly'enforced, and the ^unionists, of  oasJ-rfding' have no right whatever'to'  endanger the Interests of those-other  parts of the province by. accepting the  chances of almost certain defeat and  the return to the house of an: enemy  to  the  cause. ; 'Better  by far,  where  there is! any doubt of  the  result,'for  labor to concentrate its strength/On a  candidate of one of the two parties'who  may! be. relied upon  to support labor  measures, than playing into the.- hands  of its enemies by running a gandidate  of its own.    The election of one enemy  means two   votes   against   the   cause  in. the legislature, and there is too much  at stake to allow, of any risk,, and good  the chances of success should be well  weighed before decided actton is taken.  In any case unionists should remember  that it takes good, hard 'work.to elect  a candidate, and no matter whether it*  is decided to put up a candidate or to  endorse one of another party,, once a  courstV_of: actionals^_decLded_.upqn.^all_  dIfffrericeT_shouid-be dropped; personal  to Manila by-his, wife and" daughter.  Katheririe:: .-"/.'���   * ���.';  . Senator Cushman K. Davii; has been,  Invited to deliver*a,-lecture'cm- French:  constitutional law at the University of,  Chicago. ���' :i;: ���-"���:���'���'   '  The largest ocean going vessels cant:  voyage.up the.Riven St. Lawrence ao.-:  far/as Montreal, over 1,000 miles!from./  the Atlantic ocean:   :;  Westralla Is the only Australian cot-  ony that, pays neither the members ot  the legislative councirricr those of tha:  legislative assembly. '  British Columbia "tooth pibks"-Teacbj  about three feet square and sixty feet,  long���is a name given by British , Columbia  lumbermen .to   large   t'nibep-'  baulks..'-,      '���/:-./....-'/.;'- .'.-.-'��� -:-' .������/:���/.���:/.:���  ;,The  proportion : of divorces : to mai*>-;  rlages In Australia-is,very much high-!  er than those in other countries," except  Denmark, Switzerland and the Unlteol';'  States.;:������..:,;���'.;".     :'   ���.;.'":''/���',:./";'?.:'';,-':"���;'!'���/  The, total  capacity,   of   the. .bolllnff  dow-n, chilling, freezing and* meat-preserving works in New South Wales !*&!  estimated  at  16,000,000 : head;; of sheep. ,  and cattle.  .-The- Miss Winter  who' has- recently",  been appointed governess.to the young;.  children o�� the crown pririce and crown;  princess of Roumanians tile-same Brur- '  lish lady who: had, charge of.the education of the young queen of Holland.   ;  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  STANDARD    OIL.  'A despatch from Des Moines yesterday saysthat the Crystal Oil company  of that city, has filed a suit for $50,000  damages against the Standard Oil company, alleging that the. defendants  ruined their business by Improper business methods.  BEWARE  PROMISES.  OF     ANTI-ETLTDCTION  LABOR OANDIDATES.  It is very probable that in several  constituencies the labor organizations  will run straight labor candidates at  the approaching elections, in some Instances with every prospect of success, and it might be well to Inquire at  this time Just what success or failure  may mean, nnd to well weigh every  chance before entering upon a struggle  'of'fur greater importance to the organizations involved than uny strike, lockout or boycott. While It Is true that  only through legislation will-working-  men ultimately win their victories, and  that the ballot Is a legitimate and powerful weapon In their hands, yet In  their own Interest It must be used with  great discretion. Of the three parties  now trying to shape the politlctl destiny  'of the province and appealing to the  electorate tor support, two are very  friendly to the labor cause. The People's Party, under the leadership of  Hon. Mr. Cotton, can be depended upon  to defend every line of labor legislation  placed upon the British Columbia* statutes, and hs necessity occurs add to It  ���Hon. Joseph Martin, radical and erratic  though he may be with the: party he  leads, will never be found in opposition  to the Interests of the workers or arrayed on the side of corporate wrong.  Of; the Conservative party, no,t so much  feeling.,and petty jealousies forgotten,  and all siiriuld work in perfect harmony  to secure the election ot a friend and  the defeat of a foe.���Rossland Industrial World.  WIDE WOliLI,.  Queen Victoria is so inspired: by the-  conduct of -her troops in South Africa  that It is more than likely a new order���  the Star of.South Africa���will 'soon.be?.  created. The star would be flvo-polnted\  and the Prince of Wales-the grandt  master of the order.  Mrs. Robert Louis Stevenson states'-  that she has no'Intention- of allowlns  her "husband's-grave., in- Samoa to bet  disturbed. He lies among those who  loved him, and we who loved him may  reflect that his lofty tomb receives n��  .less���than_i.Lit_we_i-e_on_n_ragged_,':!cofe  ttsri moor, "the incomparable pomp oC~  eve."'  New Zealand's education is entirely  secular and free.  Dr.. Marshall' Ij'ang, the newly-ap-  poinited principal of- Aberdeen university, is a well known and highly re--  . spected minister of the church of Scot--  ' land. He has had a successful career  as a clergyman, ami. has Interested  himself a. good deal in public affairs-  Ha was educated in. Glasgow, and his-  first charge was In Aberdeen, in 1SSS.  Of the 3,700 Chinese In New Zealand  only 26 are females.  The life of an Australian native rarely exceeds 50 years.  French Canadians almost entire"^ use  home-gruwn tobacco.  On a nursery nt Brisbane Water there  are nearly 100,000 exotic trees.       '  In 1800 there were 200 horses In Australia.;, in 1900  there are 2,000,000.  Scandinavians are numerous In New  Zealand, and Germans In South Australia. , .-' . :    o '  General Lew Wallace has just received a copy of his "Ben Hur" translated  into Persian and published tit Egypt.  Mrs. John V. L. Pruyp, of Albany,  N. Y��� owns several specimens of the  handiwork of Paul Revore as a silver-  smith.  General Luke Wright of the Philippine commission, -will, be accompanied  Lord Kelvin, the eminent physicist,  has bee'a made honorary colonel of the  volunteer corps of Electrical Ennineers  recent'y organized' for-.service lntSouth?'  Africa. Ha will not go to the? front,  however. The duties of commander wilt  devolve upon Major R. E. C.-onipton.  The organization Is composed of picked  mew of good standing in the electrical  profession. i '  The Pennyslvanln. Bureau; of .lndu��-  trlal Statistics has collated the MntlH-  tlcs of tlnplate production, in Pinnsyl-  vanla In 1S99 and finds n rorwarlcable  Increase over the production of the  year previous, 1S9S. All- ot Pennsylvania's Mack-plate works wore in operation for some part oC 1S99. and tho  total production of black plate pickled  for tinning was 369.072,640 pounds. Tho  value of this tinned production wa#  $10,288,890. The ag-jvegate value of the-  entire production of black plate, tinned  and nntlnned; was S12.135.S0S. This B  an Increase In 'the produotlon of blaolc  plate over 183S of about 7 per! cent., and  In the tlnnf-id production oC-tne'blaRBj.-.  plate works of over 30 per cent. , ,&sa&<&.rai'raj*&i .*>  tf:  THE INDEPENDENT  SATtHtDAT.,  .���APRIL 28, 1900  mWM\  3'rlnlciH  report  work dull  at   Koss-  1 iiml.  U'he  stonecutters   of  'llossland  have  cirBiinlzi'd a strong union.  Rlurty Sullivan, n miner, illcd suddenly at-lliisslauil last week.  ���i'.lie .'Ilusslatiil Cooks and AVnlters'  Union reports cvciytlilng satisfactory.  Reprots shviw that T.��>"��i Jiipune.it>  Slave lnniU'il in I'rlllsh t'olumbln since  January.  The Independent Labor Parly of  ���"Winnipeg 'will holil Its tinnual concert  tin May 1st. ���.'  iltossluiid city liiburers work 10 hours  ji day. Steps will be taken to reduce  ���this work time.  During the past month! H'Unions have  (been orgiinizeii in Berlin.' Urantl'ord,  Ouelph, and Preston. Out.  .Commercialism���"Treat every man  as a rogue till he is proved honest."  ���Socialism.���"Have faith in men."  ������City and .Country. <"  , The "Winnipeg clerks are displaying  considerable activity in organisation af-  .ifalrs. Their union is one nt.ihe-most  jpopular In  the city.  A  spider  will   tight   for   her   young.  - "-but there are thousand?, of men (?) in  ithls country who see their wives and  children;, worked   to   death   and   never  ���raise a protest.  The candidates selected to run in the  "Interests of Premier Martin:at Victoria  are: Hon. Jos. Martin, Q.C.. Hon. .1.  S3. Yates, J. G. Brown, Aid. .1. U Heck-  Hiith. .    ��� "  Distrust and hatred propagate their  3-ind. Men who preach distrust, of  itheir fellows are riot likely to trust  each other, and will knit but loosely  iimong  themselves.'  Who built the great railroads'?   The  workingt-class.  ,.,.   Who .owns them?  The capitalists.  Why? Because-.workingmen continue  Ho vote for politicians who do the ��� bidding of capitalists.  "We would find no fault with a trust  3f it Included all men- and showered  Sts .blessings on everybody as it now  surfeits a constantly diminishing mum-  ."ber of people.'���Governor Lee, of South  ������/"Dakota. .,  Conductor Shoemaker; of. Toronto,  was making a cupling between an en-  , Bine and train when by; some accident  .lie was caught by the bumpers '.and  crushed to death. Every man killed  "by coupling cars is a man murdered.  On Wednesday night the Liberal-  Conservatives of: this city nominated  ���the following candidates to contest the  iorthcoming provincial elections: Chas.  -IVllson, Q. C, Mayor Jas.. F. -Garden,  C. E. Tisdall, M. P. P., and Aid. AV. H.  "JVooiV  , ! jSelgiau Socialists hay? issued a state  :" ���Weill showing Ui'il the money needlessly spent for the army In that little  country would pension .2,000,000 persons  .-with 54 per week, and in addition, pro-  '��� vide.them'doctors and.medicine in case  'of illness. .',..'.  The Ontario Government means to  appoint �� commission to investigate  ���methods of municipal taxation in that  "Province. An underlying idea, seems  ���to he to find some line of demarcation  between' the application of municipal  and provincial taxes.  Tes, you believe in public, ownership  ''ot railroads, telegraphs and telephones,  -and you think there is something-fot-  tten in the State of Denmark when  nncn have to work hard all their .lives  .lor a bare living in a land of unlimited  resources.���City and County.  ._ jTheAearnsters of Winnipeg statejtiat  "iUs~the~lntention of that union to appear before the city council and ask  that body to grant the clause in the  schedule of rules regarding draymen s  "hire by the city, which had been rejected by the board ot works.  The printers' label'does not appear  nn the literature sent out by the campaign committees nt the coast, and this  .fact is causing some comment among  ���unionists. The label committee of the  ��� Vancouver Typo, union should get In  ' some  good   work just  now.���llossland  Jas. AVilson, secretary of the Muni-  clrral Committee of Ihe Toronto Tnulus  Council, lodged a protest with the  City Council iigalnst the c-ontlnuance  ��>f 'the electric light monopoly. He  lias submitted facts and figures proving the advantage of nuinlclptil o.vner-  ���s-hlp.  Eiiglund and Wales have -l!��S persons  on every s'luare mile. Ciinadu, which  3s twenty-nine times as large n's England and Wales, and Australia, wlilch  Is fifty-two times as large, have only.  ��'ne person on every square mile. There  is ample room for development' within  our  own   borders.  of  time and  a half are  t'he principal  demands made.  In Waterloo, Out., there are several  large manufacturing- concerns. When  Its employers heard of the formation  of unions, they induced the press iiml  pulpit to denounce the "Invasion," as  they termed It. ns a scheme nr a foreign  organization lo got the ������nor working-  men's money. The men, however, arc  organizing.  The Louil'in News priiposen Hint negotiations he opened between the City  Council and the Street Railway Company with a view to purchasing the  ninii by the elty. If Hie ciimpnny will  sell at a reasonable figure. Ihe proposition Is n wise one. On '.May 1 the  blockade ag.ilnst Ihe nf.ul T'.v the striking employees again begins.  The Ontario Educational Association  has at its convention in Toronto de  chircd by resolution in favor of the In  traduction of systematic study of the  Bible In the public schools of the Province, as exemplifying moral and sacred  writings of absolutely the highest type  of literature. Principal Grant very  strongly supported the proposal.  A reduction in C. P. R. passenger  rates in Manitoba to three cents per  mile has Just gone into effect. The  C. P. R. management hight have made  this reduction general throughout the  West. There Is surely no reason why  .British Columbians should pay two  cents a mile more to travel on the road  than  Manitobuns.���Kamloops  Sentinel.  If the present rate of Icelandic emigration to Canada and the United  States should continue much longer,  that Danish island will be almost depopulated. It must already have lost  half of its whilom inhabitants, and  now seven hundred more of them are  coming to Manitoba to join the fairly  prosperous Icelandic settlers of the  Prairie Province.  The -'carpenters of Toronto have  adopted trades rules which will go into  effect on April 30. The eight-hour day  a minimum rate 25 cents per hour until August 1st and 27 1-2 cents after-  w.trd and overtime paid n!...the mite  :������":   ,'���'/": '"��� .'"Ti^o.  The pessimist would have .much less  chance to complain /of the increasing  wickedness of the world if men would  pride themselves more in heing just  and less on being critical. It seems  so much easier for many.to use slander, biting sarcasms and severe criticisms about their fellow men than to  look for the good in;thorn.���Industrial  World,  Rossland.   .        ���  It has come to our knowledge that  teachers in our collegiate schools have  been abusing their olllco.by discussing  partizan politics with their pupils and  giving them the Impression that the  labor element in Winnipeg places a  premium-upon ignorance and holds  that the more illiterate a person is the  more eligible to ollifce. If any student  will give us in confidence further particulars of this slander we will lose no  timein applying the proper remedy.���  The Winnipeg Voice.    ���'������/��� .;'.���'..  friends of the labor classes in Cannula will be persuaded to accept the  leadership." The. AVinnipeg Voice h'as  knowledge of iMr. Houston and knows  him to be a strong man and one ever  consistent wllh union principles. The  IndenpeiKk'iil, too. knows that Mr.  Houston Is an old-time unionist, being  a member of the Typographical Union.  Mr. .Smart, the Dominion. Deputy  Minister of Agriculture, stales that up  to the present the Gait-dans have done  belter as prairie settlers than the  Doukhobors, who are to some extent  being injured by being made the receivers of charity. The Gallcians hnve  sown several crops, but tile? Douklio-  Ixirs' operations are less forward.  However, the Deputy Minister believes  Hint they, too, will do well in (Manitoba  and Ihe Territories. Very few Dotikho-  hors now think of leaving for the  States, and most of those who meditated this, have been forcibly restrained by the putting Into operation  against them ot the Alien Labor laws  of the United Slates.  The Chicago "Herald" states that one  cause of a recent Increase ot male emigration from Southern Ireland to the  United States, is a fear of conscription, compelling Irishmen of fit age  and physique to join the British army  in South Africa. It Is, however, Impossible to doubt that the ."Herald's"  suggestion is unfounded. Young Irishmen are assuredly sufficiently well Informed to know that there is no compulsory military service. In the United  Kingdom, though thousands of them  are gfad to volunteer for and fight gallantly in the ranks of pur British army.  The causes ot the emigration from  Southern Ireland are social and economic, and not political and military.  The World, says: There are, nevertheless, many who hold that if the  government had taken the -matter of  railway construction under its own  control, considering the aid extended  by it to the various organizations operating in this Province, that not only  would the lines be the property of the  people,-but the profits accruing from  the trafllc earning would be such as to  lighten the burden ot taxation- occasioned by their construction as government enterprises. It is held, that if  by granting financial assistance by the  government, railway promoters are enabled to successfully float their schemes  why cannot tills be done by the government Itself in the interest of the  people?  At the. present time the United States  is convulsed with strikes and troubles  connected: with industry and 'more.in  sight. The.prospect in Canada too is  far from ; assuring. If our governors  and legislators could once for all grasp  the fact that industry is the basis of  civilization, and .make it their, prime  duty to secure:, justice tor'the great  mass of working citizens we might in  time have- statesmen in the place of  politicians.���The  Voice.   ,  The Winnipeg T, $ L. Council ha;;  ���passed tiie.following resolution: "That  this council heartily endorses the  clause in Mr. Puttee's election bill now  before.the Ottawa parliament seeking  to extend the hour of closing the .poll  from 5 to 8 p. m. on days of election,  and that the secretary be instructed  to forward copies of this resolution  to the premier, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, mid  to ''Mr. Puttee," (and further Ito ask  other Trades Councils to express their  opinion on the subject.  The general return of prosperity .-Is  shown in the last annual report, of the  Pennsylvania State Factory Inspecting  Department. The chief says that 104,-  003 more persons were employed: in 1897  than.iii 1806. in 1808 there.were 111,708  more persons employed, than In 1S97;  and.In 1899 there were 182.207 more employed than In the year previous.     '  No union can be considered well organized or up to date, until it has es-  tablIshed-a-iiatiunal_system_of_ strike,  sick, and out-of-work benefits.  Tlie New York cigarmakers, which  number several thousands, are still on  strike, with a view to improving a most  deplorable condition. The manufacturers- association, who employ over  5,000 workmen, refuse to make any  concessions. </f he cigarmakers are supporting some 1,700 people who are not  entitled to strike benefits. Every donation, large or small, will help to  achieve a victory. Remittances are  being sent to Albert Marousuk, secretary, :i21-:i2i"i East. 73rd. street, , New  York City. -���������-.  A remarkable but excellent new development of municipal effort is reported from Liverpool, England, where  tlie City Council's Health Committee  has appropriated .CI,000 In order to establish depots in that town tor the  ciienp sale of sterilized or Pasteurized  milk for infant feeding. Teats have  it Is stated, shown In the large English cities, tli-.it where such gertnicss  milk is used for Infant food, instead  ot ordinary inillt, there is a'most remarkable decrease of Infant mortality,  which Is at present terribly large in  Liverpool.  The Ferguson. B. C. Eagle says in  its last issue: "Probably the latest  phase of the political situation is the  complete organizing by the labor forces  of a Labor party in this province of  which most likely John Houston one  ot the s'trongsst and most truismatic  Rev. C. A. Eaton, Toronto, said recently in the .Globe: "For a generation the masses have been fighting for  a share of the good things of life. By  good things they mean primarily, all  they need for food, clothing and shelter. Who dares- to say this: is "hot a  reasonable demand? If a few can  honestly-amass more than they need,  why cannot the many obtain by honest  toil as much as they need? It is quite  true that happiness; cannot be bought  with money; some rich are; miserable  arid many .poor.'are happy. . But in tlie  great, rich new world every worker  ought to find it,easy to,live and,have  abundant: leisure for mental and moral  culture free from the haunting fear cf  the,sheriff."     ! >;  A London, Eng.,correspondent writes:  Mr. Labourch'ere had a little suggestion to make last week in the house of  commons,.'and as I listened to him  unfolding his little, scheme J wished  he ebyl.d. h-j-maue chancellor of the exchequer. , For.-. Labby's first budget  would be on : these lines:-/ (I) No  Indirect taxation, so.- that / everybody  might: not. only know, but .also feel,"  how much the Government is spending; (2) Those .who have-only the! ne-i  cessaries of life should pay ��� nothing  at all; (3) There should be,a nice proportional income tax for. everyone else.  The scheme seems adequate, and simple. I remember a tale which I am  afraid 1 must not repeat in these  squeamish days, which,ends up with  the remark, "And the parson's the beggar I want to get at." -Well, in, the  matter of taxation, the-millionaire la  the beggar I want to get at, and  Labby's plan would carry out my  views admirably.      o ''  bo made to secure the payment of such  ���wages as are generally accepted as current In each trade for competent workmen In the district where the work Is  carried out,  0. I.ogal recognition by Incorporation of  labor unions and the oxtension to them  of the same rights enjoyed by other cor-,  pornitc bodies.  11. The. legalization of an Eight-Hour  day.  It is doubtful whether or not the labor  unions will place an out-and-out candidate in the field In the forthcoming  provincial elections. With the exception of three unions, all are favorable  to the nomination of an Independent  trade unionist. Of the dissenting  unions, one pleads that they are forbidden by their constitution, another  objects from a financial standpoint,  and a third declines to endorse an outright labor man, but would support an  Independent Martlnlte. After a prolonged discussion at the last regular  meeting of the T. & L. Council, the  matter was laid over till next meeting.  An opinion prevails, without unanimity  it would be fallacy for the Council to  nominate a candidate. There Is this to  be suld, however, the feeling among  organized labor is that whatever stand  Is taken must be independent���all in  all, or not at all.  Tho platform upon which a labor  candidate, if one is, put up, will seek  the sufferage of the people, Is as above.  In the,wine-shops, of course, there are  numerous alleged workingmen who are  pledging all kinds of support to the  different party-heelers, but none, of  these command even, the respect of  legitimate organized labor. The splits  in the old parties are increasing rather  than diminishing, and ,there are those  \vho prophecy that there may be as  many as twelve candidates in the field;  Should such a prophesy he fulfilled  there Is no 'shadow of doubt that Victoria will elect at least one labor representative for the next legislative assembly.  A CARLOAD OF WINE.  TheDC. P. R. Brings In a Large Ship  meat of Canadian Wines from the  East.  A! carload of native wine just received from the celebrated Niagara  district. Beautiful old wine, much superior to anything heretofore sold in  British Columbia. Our price 25 cents  per bottle, $1.25 per gallon; delivered  anywhere. Gold Seal Liquor company,  746 Pender street, two doors from post-  office.  Open every evening.  BARGAINS  IN PR AMIES:  Artolnyert shipment (onlercO for Oliristmns)  cfhiglwliiss fnnat'S find pictures just to humt,  ami itrrimtfuinunts hnve been nuulc with the  manufacturers to sell nil:;  At Half Price.  , l'rnines imule to order tit ou.riumtil lowprices.  FROM VICTORIA.  Victoria, April 2".���The policy udopt-  ed by the Victoria. Trades and Labor  council for the ensuing campaign is as  follows:  1. Tho abolition of the $200 deposit for  candidates for the legislature.  si .Tho rc-onnctiment of the disallowed  Labor Regulation Act, 1S9S, and also all  the statutes of ISM,'containing aati-Mon  gollan clauses If (llrtallawed as proposed  by the Dominion Government.  2. To take u firm stand in every other  possible way with a view of discouraging  the spread of Oriental cheap -labor ia this  Province.  ���1. To provide for official inspection - of  nil bulldinge, machinery and works with  n vl(-w nf compelling Ihe adoptbn of proper soifcguards to life and health.  B. Tho re-enactment of the law ot tail  providing for a bureau of labor statistics  mid of councils of conciliation and arbitration.  11. Tile retaining of the resources of .the  Province as tin asset for Ilia people, nnd  taking effective measures lo prevent tho  nllunatlon of the public domain, except to  actual settlers or actual bona fide business, or Industrial purposes, putting an  end to tho practice of speculating In connection with tlio same.  7. Governmont ownership of till railway, telogribph and telephone lines to be  ooiiKtruetcd, and acquiring of those already hi uso as noon um practicable; and  to prevent extortion mi far as poslblo by  the control of ail railway, telegraph and  telephone linos for public use and to fix  ��. reasonable maximum rate which they  may charge for service.  S. The enactment xtt a practicable and  ajHpllcaTblc compensation act.  10. All government contracts shah contain such conditions us will prevent abuses  ���which may arise from the sub-lotting ��f  such contracts, and that every effort shall  BABLEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  IipOK.S" STATIONEKY, VHOTO SIT1TUKS, KTC,-..','  i:�� Cordova Street     -   , -,.,   Vimconvcr, M. C.  CITY WOOD YARD  ;'. j*ou Aix.kixiis ok  ss StovcwDod :s  HAltltls STttEliT. WllAUR��� ,-TKl. CO:..     '  r<i.'fj%IL,lSY. -      '   -,;'���     * *V"op"  THECHEAPESf  ��23 Hastings Street.  Vancouver's Most  Fashionable Tailor  -=^^-^THE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  vj7     ,    VOllMKUI.V C. ���WOODWARD.-.. LIMITED^���"*2-^5'  Bargain List---50c on the $ I r  Ladies' Jackets at Half Price  CIXrTlHlNG .Dtai'AnTMFJNT-iiO lmilre men's pants In blnok. brown  anil grey stripes. Regular pniee, ��!. for ijil.CO. IIOHio.iw' long JKinits in twvwl  mixtures, llegulur <il.CS for ���fl.'iu. Pricctt ivero J1.75 to 'j��i,2G. 'Friday and  fSulurduy'o'prkH!, $1,45. ,- i  ���CROOKI'JHY DEPAItTMU'-NT���White cups anil saucers fiOc. due, 70c'  doz.; new white toilet sote, ���jl.fiO';' damaged dinner sets,  SjAM up.  A\rAUl. IIAI'KR���Lm-ely patterns, low prices, 5c a roll, Iborder lc a ydi  lacrosse slicks, 25e, flOc, $1.*X and fl.75 cadh, worth. SO per cent more.  SKli'DS, Sli:HD!*-2 large ipuckngcs for Gc, and cheaper In bulk; Evans-  electric npmycro, 51.10 nnd H.i'i: liuvn seed tBc a lb..  DRUG STORE���Buy your su Weal arosslngs here ana save ' 50 per  cent. Absorbent cotton 50c lb. OH silk. "Fountain Byringes, tja.OO, rfLii  and up. Mall orders solicited.  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St,  gooc  COGGi  442   *n>   AVestminster Ave.  IINION-MA'DE BREAD  ^ FOR Till-* PKOI'I.E.. .���������  Wiigons will cull nt tiny part of .the city:  prompt iittenllon und civility at nil times; glv  us u ti'iiil mid besiillKlicd. '  SUPIiHIOK   BAICISWY,  DECKKItT ,t TIETKK       -    ,-    ..Proprietors  Onruer.l'ufforlu mill i'lftli Avenue.  Telephone 709. .. ;���  The Arlizan and       0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ^ Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.   Wo Sell Idem.  NELSON'S DRIG STORES  UK) Cnrdnvii Street, Cor. .Uilintl.  Mil (iinuvillc .Sticct, Cor. Ilob.-ou.  ilrliiR us your I'liKsc'iu-nuN.-.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. G,  - F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting member* welcome. H. W. Find-  ley, W, P., Province office; S. R. Robb,  W.  S3., World office.  Teach  ���e  'faD^ri^N'  Your children music! There ;  is pleasure nnd iimlit in It.;������ The '  best fiiiuidfan and Knglish   -  Piaiios,  the best Canadian Organs; lle>.  son ������ l'nitotyiHj " Hand Ipsiru-  Jiicnts; and the best in nil  Musical Goods  All at hist prices ami terms at  *'   Boult��s Music Store  '-.-.. .0-10 Granville Street, opp.}'. O.  -DKAMiK IN-  DIAMONDS  Rings, Watches, and Clocks  ��� Sterling Silver, and   . ,     ���  Electroplated Goods .  Special Attention Given to all Kcpnlriiig  ���-- '":-..^': -4-0���-������ '  . ���    ���������:���.-:'v-0-.,, ���*���:.��� - ���;.-.-  -,.;:.-444;.., /,:  cAVestnihistoi'vAveiiuOj  . (opp. City Hall) '; ,"-���'".���;..  VancouA'"ei') B. C .-���  Spring Has Come!  -;-'':-V:''-:'';'>.*,TAKEv..';-''';  Your; Babies  '/'.'-   ���'������'"..���;-Tr-TO��� \-i[\  14 Cordova St.  WHY HliV faclorv-iniiile shoes that arc little  better tliuii pslpcr, when you cnu lnivuu  pairof ;.,-..  Custom-made for $3.50  licady-inndeor nuide to lit your feet.  ' H.HARVEY,  510 Pender St., between lllcharils and Seymour.  Tn^roNT5lEE(3TDRY:  VANCOUVER -TRA0>E3 AND ILABOR  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, J. H. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, P. O. box 159; financial secretary, F. Williams; treasurer, C. R.  Monck;/statistician, W. MacLaln; scr-  gcant-at-arms, *W. Davis. Parliamentary  ccnmlttee���Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.'.'Morton. Meeting���First and  third Friday 1n each month, at 7.30 p. m.,  In Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  Hcmer streets.-  VA NCOU'R TYPOGRAPIIIC'AJ.. UNION,  No. 220, meets tho last Sunday In each  month rut Union hnll. President, E. L.  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. Marshall;  seciclary, J.' F. Watkins: P. O. box CO;  treasurer, Sv. Brand; BerKcant-at-anms,  Guss J. Dunn; executive committee���  Chairman, J. C. Marshall; Geo. Wilby,  C. S. Campbell. G. T. Dutton, W. Ann-  strong:. Delegates to the Trades and JLab-  or council, J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.  H. A, IRQIHART  wnoi.ra.M.i: AND 1IKTAII. iii:.m.kk IN  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  Tauitly   trade u spectaity.   Goods delivered  fiec to nil parts of the city.  37 Hastings Street,  Vancouver,     C.  THE INTBRNATIONuVL.COIl'RESPON'D.  KNOB Schools of Scranton, Pa., Is for  the homo study ot industrial science,  tauirht Tjy mall. Apply Geo." H. Skefnns-  ton, room 4, "Lelevre 'block, Vancouvbr. P.  O. box 519.     '    '-   NEW**  Wc lmve just received the largest  mid best stoek of Simjing .IIat.s'.wu  have;ever offered' in Vitiicotiver.'  They nre stylish nnd durable; *.��� .*  R. ROBERTSON.  ���^"i'k COKPOVA STKEET. ;-:\--;       ':  Seymour Streect,v;;  ' <^~Vancouvki{, B.Q.  The Balmoral  '���'"-..-', . . MAKES A-SIMICULTY 01-'"'".  t&   Dewor'is specidi LiQuefcoiso - --  o>; usiier's Block Loi]8iLiaiieiir: whiskw  -���.-'-.   -.'������:���LAKGE STOCK''OF���'������-���";:������!'" "  IMPOKRTED -AND pOMKSTlC    , ;  COI1NF.B COKDOVA AND CARllAIJI,  ,        <^VANGOUVKI!, B.C?..  BroVvn'-s-  Sbpc Factory  ���'".; Far the vBry host'"  .'.'������  ��� SMPLEIIOOIMM  : . ' in Men's, lioys'anil Youths'  '.at Low Pkices  \\'*i   do the,  best   and   elioarieit   repairinf?-  liroinptly.   Noslioildy of nay kind used In our-  factory.   Just one trial will convince-von that  iiioney-ciui-be��iivedto-you-by-dcttliiii;iivith=uiis=  at���  in  ���>���>?  M  I  :'���    (IS  t'iil  Ml  if  ;i  Si  :; S  -  m  60S Westminster Avenues     :||  - - ���'': :   !S-  ��� A  VANCOUVER, 11. C  Just Arrivetl!  ;; A Splondid Assortiiient"  o�� Men's, Youthsi-aiicl.; .  Children's" -..u-- ~r���'"--,.  $ 4  Clothing  In the Newest Styles and Color.-,.  STANLEY WHITE ��fc C0.r  504 Westminster Ave.,  Vancouven, J-J.C  Clubb & Stewart  IsllieiilaceloiiurclmM'yotir line fmn.  IsliliiKHiind clotliinif.  Tlie laleM  styles In  ���(-j  Arc non-'on exhibition at our slore,  B60 Gindova-.St,  TEI,.'702.   '   -' .'    ���. 3      -  w-���*wBE^S?f5w*iV ���

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