BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Independent Sep 1, 1900

Item Metadata


JSON: xindependen-1.0180415.json
JSON-LD: xindependen-1.0180415-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xindependen-1.0180415-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xindependen-1.0180415-rdf.json
Turtle: xindependen-1.0180415-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xindependen-1.0180415-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xindependen-1.0180415-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

Array LABOR DAT CELEBRATION ON ffONOAY, SEPT. $RI>  G ,B- .Ma.cdonald & Co.  Wellington-nnd Oomox rami.-Any  Quantity from u HHVlb.. to a 100-ton order  Ton &, Jfrion t3.t��.'{-lon ��1.7*"'  Buuker.s���Koot m Abbotl street; tele-  phono'-IH).   Uptown Offlcu��� i.  612 Hastings St. West  'Phone aio.  Subscription, $1.25 a Year  Wnge-ournera Fhould subscribe,  Uttuibeiliis p.'tjier n> pruned in  their interest.-.   Subscribe SOW.  o  3J2 Homer Street.  VOL.1.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, lwOO.  NO.yt.Wo.Z5~j  OUR INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM.  What Is the characteristic feature of  our present Indiwtiinl system?   To us  the essence, the soul of this system,  is competition.   Here is how Is is dc-  Hned:     "An   indhstrtul   system which  out nits itself <by creating trusts und  monopolies which   kill'  competition."  lidiv our system outwits  Itself It' Is  not for us'to say at present, but the  (Klory,'.the distinction, which crowns it  with the JVivor of some men is com-  ipetltlon.    To compete, means to strive  Tor and with, and In this system man  ���strives with; man for- greatest of all  ���things, |.Tie' bare "necessities of life, or,  in other worils,'for'bread, arid butter.  l*y  this systemY man'' is" necessarily  ���placed In antagonism    to   man"*.''.The  workers^ .the{'toilers, the laborers are  led.out Into -an arena,..or battle field,  jmd this system says to each, go at, it,  , let every, riiaii 'look after Himself the  hest way. he can, down your opponent,  S��*t all you can, no matter who aul-  -fers.   Man is thus.made  *..''���.   '���;���>���   A "Warring Animal.      '.,  Borne   tell  us   man';:; has  ever ..been  a  lighting animal, but In; his industrial  struggle-that is Syhat {he has ;to: lie,  andf what heJhas to do'if he. is to" get  Yon as people 't'alkJin the world.' :Ih the  ������very  nature  of" thing3'  this ; .system  jilays upbri all;:that is selfish In man.  This system  fills  him''"'with  exaggerated thoughts',' botli;about himself and  his needs,, and at the sameotime les-  .sens both his respect, for, and. interest  in his brothers.'  "Am i my brother's  "keeper?"  cried  Cain,, and when {{this  question  is  asked * tofday^and Ywhen  lithe man most in love with our present  ���system:' Is��� appealed-, to,,   he ;���7 replies,'  .i"'What, havev I' got { tp^db: '/with nw..  i brother?,'1' have really got no'broth-  erY My present environment, is a sel-  Yflsh one.    I am enswathedwith selfish-1  i; ness. -.1 both breathe itand exhale.:'**..  ;I must look after myself; for If 1 don't  /ill: be trodden' under foot.' I  have a  ;'battle,to',fight, and I must fight- it is  all; battles' have  been {''fought.'where  ;' there are clashing interests," arid when  :ibe issue is up or down, defeat or victory, possession; or {nothing, plenty or  /poverty/* {Don't: talk' to me; about hpn-  ���csty.Y 'falr^plax,1;sympathy,: "brotherly  ���kindness, when   I din surrounded, on  }   every hand by _t_msej'\yhb?ure, dishofir'  oraible. I must!:flghtYthemi>lrt*th��.ir  own weapons,"dishonesty"with"'.'dishonesty, cunning{with* cunningl'' and deceit���.wIth.;:d*ceit.'-.{T cannot'helj. {'niysSif  necessity. is .laid upon me to give tit  {fpr-tat-Yr/miisY h^  vye, a,:tooth"{fo.r -a' tbothY -'Ani.T:.my  .{���brother's] keei>er'?'..{;';;Y"YY{'//;;;  ;'.', ��� Y;:> YY Y -What:', a,'.: Question*;.' {' ���'. Y  to juft" to a.' mari/{ Who'll keep me if  1 go down or go .���'tQ''"t'he'''.\vulI?:\,'W'hb*.!l  .| ; provide for my parents, my.wife Itnd  ;children if I {am worsted*in, the light?  " "Wlio?j;I toil you honestly t have "no  ���time to' think' abouit '-my: -brother.'.' Perhaps after I have crushed him, robbed  him, shoved'him out-of the.way,: and  got out of him ail that can be got,  YlYuiajY^  ���crust, of bread,, but just,! now I. must  ������fight If r would*Win';, aswin I must  .at. ail costs."; ... So : man Is,;, made/to  ���<*_.%eak and act under this vicious sys-.  .item. {He;,is;compelled;;tb':think,; plan,  scheme,'* arid execute; all for: himself;  He Jostles, crowds, pushes and crushes  everything in his way and out of his  way. Left to itself this system would  jieople theearth with brutes* instead  ���of men.would develop a devil.Instead  ��f ���'. a 'god.; To us,: Ishrriael, sojiearly'  mentioned iii .{the bid records..,, is the  ���typeioC. a man which', this system ere  ates and fosters: He Is against every  mail' arid (iveryhian Is against htm.  He. Is struggling for .what they are  after/ They; are struggling for..what  he is after, arid so tlie battle,rages  and.{wages. This system is strongly  individualistic. It magnifies and enthrones the Individual.{ He is everything. If other inen are benefitted, by  ���the Individual, that Is only a secondary consideration.   It was  iSf=___^_f===Never-Inteiided===^=?======  arid II is a pure accident in  the system.   The  result  of  the  battle  Is  the  ' scientific phrase, the survival cf the  flltest. .We..would call It the i.urvival  nf the cutest, 'the sharpest, the strongest���'.'or l;i truth the noblest, the tru-  ' est. ihe gentlest, and the dlvlnost  of men go down to rise no'more. Such  Is,  we .-think,  "   fair    and.   Impartial  ��� oluliMiienl of what tlie system Is.  Those who love It most and who continually declare It to he the boat system We enn possibly get. want no In-  , lorfereiioc. 'I'lvey'spciik strongly and  loudly iigiilntM nil Interference,  Stund Illicit, they ��ny. let "alone.  Thlti systcuii mnlcex money uyery-  ���llilii-.r. nnd niiikis nothing of  bruins and muscle. Tlie capitalist Is  ���wurytlilng, tfie worker is iioligdy.. ,;tti  teiids lo inrike the one a tyrant, "the'  .oilier a slave..and   It    Increased    llie  ��� iwealth of the one. the poverty of the  other.; A pertinent enquiry now I.s:  What are the results of our present  industrial system? One has but either  lo open the eyes or a hook to find that  (his system Is not working: well, and  I1i.it there Is great dissatisfaction over  it for one reason and [mother. Such  Mttitpjncnts used to be regarded us the  ^I'/t.lJ.Vjenls of dissruiitlfd foolg,    who  would grumble If they were dwelling  ln a paradise; hut our  (Most Learned arid Wisest  are the men who arc showing.the  people, both the weakness and the  vlclousness of this system. The flist  thing which strikes an honest observer Is, that masters .and servants, capital and labor, do nut'set on as they  should. There ufo ��� Rravc mlsun-  dorstandlngn and llerce opposition between them. They are lighting savagely with each other. They come  again arid"nguln into cJose grips. They  nre practically lioAtilc, for hostile  thoughts and feelings arc nil the time  engendered, and it takes little provocation to inspire hostile acts. There  la a peace for a llt'tle while, but no  ono knows what a day will bring  fdrlh. Optimists .may talk as1 they  like, but both disputants almost cordially hate each other. Bach looks on  the other as plotting and scheming all  the'time against their interests. Each  has a grievance. Sometimes we have  strikes, sometimes lock-outs, sometimes both at a lime; for the first is  the'wenp'on of "the laborer, by means  of which he hopes to bring the cap-  tttillstto timeyflie second Is the weapon{' of the-.caiiltallst, by which" he  hopes, to starve the' working;man Into  humble submission.;'' During the strug-  glo the brute is ever uppermost.  Spmetimes the 'one wins, sometimes  the oilier, but'whichever side Wins  Y'..y'���The. fCos't is Bitter ������''���'.  all round..''.-A; system then which{, develops such a condition of things, setting man agalnst{ man, and" class  against class nirist, in the verj* nature  of things be a bad system. And every  'well-wisher both of his race and his  country' must fervently pray, and  work for another that will, make man  the friend of each and the brother of  all.,, Again 'under this system the honest observer sees both wealth ,;, and  poverty Increasing. We, do hot say  tha't thli *gs .to-day are worse than they  were yesterday,Ybut we do say that  they arejjnot as good as they ought  to be. If; things are better to-day, it  is the poor man who has made them  better 'through, awful suffcririg:on his  ���part. Byerythlng gairied and enjoyed  to-day* is stamped with human blood,  and 'bedewed ;, with human 'tears.  I'hosew'ho had the power to make  things better selfishly would not, and  lahor, gave her noblest sonsYand  ttiiiighters to 'become"; martyrs to secure the redemption, both of,labor and  the": sons: of labor. Every man knows  that Go'd's gif ts to the human race are  simply enormous, but trie Wealth of a  few tp-da'y~'Is eriorriious, and the pov-'.  '{e'rt^!oi''thi_rm'a'ny;.;Is7e.n6rmous.;',Tou'  see'a{few-m"ovirig'"up higher and.: high-;  er, growing richer and'.richer;,you see,  on the:"othe?.{islde;.'.:fhe; great{buIkirof  the people siriklrig Jowfei*:'and 'lower,  *rroiyin_r ppbrep-.'and 'poorer.;"'Every'  man; knqws{'iha't: there;' S';'*Y Y,:.Y. '"jY;  ,.y. {More^hari.Enbugh ":    :Y ":  ',   :,,:',:,,Y-i'Y   :::!::     ..-;,������..^���'-ili^   ,'.... ".'-'���  through God's .munificence ,to,; make  every{ man,' Svorn'ari {arid 'child: .comfort-.  ableYair'fhe^.ilaysVbf tlielr^pilgrimage,;  but"-;;:in {'tlife:prjeseiice of profu'se'i'sibun-  dance..��driie'YlIteraIly starve*'{t'o;:(l^ath,  Willie; thousands, yea,.- ���mlljlprisi: more  llV^from'haridYto mout'h.,,Ythi,the;pne  ���rreaitcr mass, who, living just on the  edge of' .  The Social  Swamp  are liable,to be precipitated into it by  any lack of demand for their produce,  and with every a'Jdltlon to the population, tlie multitude sunk in the pit  and the number of the host sliding towards It continually increases. Think  of this. One authority states that In  the richest, greatest and most productive city of tin; world, the capital of  the Hritlsh Empire, the capital of the  world,r."one In every live" of the millions who began again to-day the  weary round of Ufo will eventually  cult that life either In the workhouse  or In the hospital for -want of a better refuge. There is the fact, though  there Is so much to do, there are thousands .with.both muscle and brain for  whom there is no work,  as  Huxley says  there V:  and for* such  urlaling.ori all. that./riioney can,'rbuy  arial.akill'iprovide! YTbuv'-'see our.: rich  rioting .{aria li'teraiiy .^destroying .{themselves with tlieir'iabuh'dance. You see  great was'te ��� arid "glrcat.. extravagance.  On the other;you,see misery stamped on faces, homes, bodies and tables.  The* dog at the table of, the;rich man  Is better provided than are those ���who  produce the wealth. The pile's'money  and.:position;inI the system gives him,  you might say, .the earth: with its fulness ; ' the;/ other's {* skill,'."'-braliis and  muscle give hlni about: as much as  keeps body and soul together. Such  an unfair and unjust distribution both  of .tlio necessary and the good .things  of this life can only produce in the  one class the worst forms,of selfish-:  ness, and' In the 'fit her an excusable  and": ;.  "{.,"; ' ;:���;:','       ' '{  Justifiable Discontent. .   ���  But a system which makes- such an  unequal distinction between man, and  man, and such an unequal divislonof  God's free git's to humanity, can not  be a system worthy <if ���being maintained. Again the problem of the un-:  employed is> directly due to bur iri-  dustrlaLs.vste.in.:YWelnre-begriinirjg^.to_:  see that such a thing as unemployed  men is a strange anomaly iu any system. Of course, we are told again and  again that "'ninny' men are unwilling  to work, but wo ought to remember  that there'are loafers among the rich  ns among, the poor. . I_eiivlng recriminations out of the question, there Is  the startling .fact, that there lire tlibiir  sands of honest working men for  'whom there Is no employment. On  the streets of every city there-nre  men who can't get 'anything., to.do.  Pro". Huxley telle iw:. "Anyone who  Ih, acqiiiiliitcil with the state of population ot all great Industrial eentriM,  whether In this or other cnuntrles, Is  aware that ninldsl a large und Increasing hotly of Hint population la  inlsere reigns supreme." He says lie  speaks not as a philanthropist, hut us  one merely trying to deal with fuels.  "W.hiit.profits It," he asks, "to the  human l'roinetheus that he has stolen  the lire of heaven to be his servant,  and the spirits of the earth and the  air obey him. If Ihe vulture of pauperism is eternally lo tear his very vitals and keep him on the brink of de-  dtructlnn." There is not a single large  manufacturing city which is free from  a vast tufiss of people whose condition  In PXM-iiy that described, and a jitlll.  nothing but  the pit of misery. Again, under this  system the righteous arid the honest  are pushed to the wall. Dr. Adams  states what Is true when he says that  the free' play of individual: interests  tends to force the moral sentiments  pervading any trade down to the level  which characterize the worst man who  can' {maintain himself "Iii" It. Iri other  words, 'the worst men,and not the best  men, .{the .dishonest and not the honest  men. In any. trade give: the tone to all  business: transactions. iA. "large employer of labor once said: "I; am  powerless, however much I might desire to manage my, business on any  otlier'.prl'nciple than that' of getting  the niost 'oitt of. the men for. the least  money!" 'This system gives capital  the opportunity of using the" necessities of; the laboring man so as to. get  the most, out of them,, of long hours  and a starvation rate of wages, and  any system" which permits : and1 encourages such a scandalous condition  of .'things'-'.cannot ;'be > a just - system..;  Again;, under this system        ,;     '������-.���-{���'  *,'���. ,..',"'.���'���' ;S^*eatlng Flourishes. \ ,;,':,  The.world=was astonished at the horrible revelations made by. the committee appointed by the British House of  Conimons. "Some ot us were pretty  well acquainted with both Milton and  Darite, and With their lurid.descriptions,of'.the ipain, torture and sufferings of the -damned-,.in', hell,ybut we  had. the Tell: lifted on earth, and not  by,:a.' poet.,either, but by matter-of-  fact men, and we have been enabled  to see.'one of the most horrible, one  of" the most revolting sights ever witnessed .by:, human eyes: We have  seen, to'.use {Huxley's, simile, the pit  opened into which so many precious  hum an beings aie dumped',- by demon-  ishYcaadiiibris,"with .allYtheir.sorrows"  andYsuffeiirigsr'-'We'cannot': go:into  particulars Just now, b"ut when you{re^  alize "that thousarids ;pf;"d'6%'s''clilidren'  have to '.perforin!'- their, work-; Iri terie-,  rnent ;houses:-situated,:;inrfllthy;\back{  alleys, :in",xefiking:;:basements., or; ver-j  min-rldden"rooms, foi*. a miserable pit-{  tance' which {"means : stow starvation,"  and when"the cry;for reform is made  the answer; comes .back {from employers that "the. sweating system , is the  cheapest and': most remunerative, way  to' get their -work done. ..We.get; a picture of man's' ^inhumanity 'to .both,  man and.woman;such as Burns never  dreamt bt-when lie,;penned, theseWell  kriown, words/YAgaln;,,under this system the mode in Which the "working  man is''paid for his labor is-neither  fair, nor^ust. The working man was  once a slave���In:some ways his.condi-  tlbn'ls as: bad as .ever it'.was.*;* What  he.,gets:.to-"day: as his share':of what  he produces if.-, only; a "small .portion  compared with that which the'capi'tal-  ist putsoliito his pockets. * Under this  system he Is hardly regarded as a:hu-  man being. 'He is .classed among iria-  chlriei-y. -His , bodily, .needs, .mental  needs, social needs and ".spiritual needs  are;never considered. AH that is really  considered is.how much profit can be  got of him. ���  ���;'������. V".. .',��� .'YThe Difference       ,:-  betwween the capitalist and the laborer in{ style and ..possessions; reveals the  fact that; the one" Is gettlng{ 'more,;'.'arid;  the other.Is getting' less, than his due,  which amounts to legalized, robbery.  The wbrkliignian Is not a.free agent.  We sing aloud that Britons never,: never  shall be. slaves. Unfortunately the  facts do not bear out the grand sentiment of the song. No doubt In a sense  he is free,"bill" in a deeper sense he is  practically a slave, and a slave of the  worst kind. His necessities make hini  Av.I!llngly=oj^unw.Illlnffly=the=s!ave=and-;  the victim of the .capitalist. He must  take what he is offered or fight, and  the light Is all on the side .of the  strongest battalion. It he should refuse to accept, as lias happened over  and over again, that there are men  menu enough to take his��� place./How  often Is it said that If lie does not like  tlie wages he can go somewhere else?  How ninny meneaii take up their beds  and walk? How niaiiy enn get the  wings of a dove find fly away on a moment's notice? How many? None at  all. He Is crlbb'd, cabln'd and confined.  Poverty's clinlno are about him, and  there he stands like a slave hound and  fettered while yet lie feels like a free  man the most galling slavery of all.  Kurtlier. under this system  Monopolies Are Created.  Tin' monopolist is the tyrant of the  nineteenth .century, and "monopoly I**  the new chain by which he enslave:*  the masses. Tlle very system which  says there shall be open and free competition, that the Imllvlduul shall be  unhindered In his operations Is the  very one which destroys competition,  which enables a few to sny that henceforth there shall be no more competition, and It one dares to oppose us, we  shall, by heaven, crush him out of his  Industrial .existence.    These  men  are  the real dictators, and their laws aro  often more powerful than the laws of  the state. Statesmen are dwarfs beside them. They at times openly defy  them. They are cornering:'everything,  and the people, whether as worker or  as buyer, will soon be so lii the mrah-  eo ot these Industrial spiders, as that  escape from them will be Impossible.  We eannol extend- this thought further  at present, but in these things briefly  mentioned, you have the weak bits In  this system.- What do you think of lt?  What hope of better things does It Inspire. Huxley, who studied; the system which orthodox polltlelal economists crack up to the skies, says: "1  do not hesitate to express the opinion  that if there Is no hope of a large Improvement", of{: the condition of the  greater part ot the human family; if ...it  be true that the increase of knowledge,  the winning of a greaterdomaln owr  nature,.which Is Its.consequence, and  the wealth which follows upon that domain are 'to hiake iio .difference upon  tbe extent and intensity'of want with  its concomitant pyhsical . and moral  degredatlon amongst the. masses, of the  people, I. should- 'hail :'tiie.advent; 0.  spme 'kindly cornet which would sweep  the, whole affair away as a desirable  consummation.'' That brings us to our  third point.'  We. have;.examined. " r_  Our Present System...  and we have{'seen to 'slime! extent, its  results.   These, to us, are simply appalling..   As Emiie, de I_avaleye says:  "It  Is. a "grand . thing.: to '. be  free  arid  sovereign, but. how is it that the'sov-  erelsn ���the     \vorking   '.man ���often  starves?   How is it that those who are  lield to be the source of power cannot,  even by hard, wbrk.^provlde themselves  with the necessaries of life'?"' How?  .We have found how that is- piir pres-  ent'lndustrial system    is,   tlie reason  .why.   So darkis'the outlook: under this  system that a man of'theYerhl.nence.of  Huxley 'would'   like   earth 'and''man  swept away,at once. {.That is a;drasi|6.  reinedy.    For ourselves,, if. the" present  toll; and trbuble.iare to last and;in-  crease as {the, days: come -and."go,!cwhy  prplong'tlie battle?   Let her go.'"Under  tills system there is{no hope.   Give it  free scope and things wili grow. worse.  Competition will grow:>keeriei," the battle more; furious,' goods"clieapsr, wages  smaller, '..monopolies   greater,,and    tlie  laboring man at the end will;be'crush-'  ed; out of existence.   'But'there is-a  belter way than,' that*  suggested'   by  Huxley. .;   AVhy    not'end tlie system?  What's the use: of finding fault:, either  with this'beautiful earth or with God's  bountiful   gifts?,,:,';'.TJiey are all ..right.  JWhat's ,'the{ use: of:. armlng;.;;pui'selves  against ourselves?   Wn5", wish' for,nonexistence? .'Surely:it w;ould 'be a nobler  part's If iwe, instead.: of quailing hefore.  tIni'*aiincu'ltie's::w:h'ich:thisJ_iysterii":p'reY  sents, w;e Khbuld{say tliere"is{rio divine  re'asbn,:,there;'ls no' huinaii. reason 'why  this system should continue.' Y".'." ���  {{;Y ';.:,;{Y{.:'YQfenlIade:rt{'{;.:YY:"!'.:.;.::  and,*8 by heaveri, meno sliall end 11. ... We  are wiser{ to-day than, the nien of the  past:   If they,x{ with' the.wlsdbm,,they  had,' rriade this'system,,we. iwltli.our  fuller and .wider, wisdom, can make, one,  that,:,-is*;grander.and   more  humane.  There. Is no i'easpn!'{why  this Individ-*  ismjShould    thus" {continue'to   desecrate earth and'degredate man.   There  is nb,reason why, the individualshould  be permitted to riin mad. ; Ours be' the  task, to destroy this unseemly and uri-  brotherly- rivalry, ours be the task': to  destroy' this deriionislisplrit of eompe-  tl tipn.v'and  ours * be' ..the  task  to ' construct,a new system'{based on'' God's  Fatherhood and Man's.Brotheiiiood. A  change is in the air. y We breatheit.  Books','of al! kinds'tell about. it.; Voices  are publishing it; , Menof. all sorts and  conditions are hoping and, praying" for  it. {The' Evangelist of'Be-tlilehem and  Calvary .must reach itsconsummatibri.  We "need men still tb^. be'"the servants  of hurnantty. .With right  men In our  legislatures will come better laws.With  better laws the new era will conie that  will  liberate- humanity frain  tlie  enslaving,, and  debasing , tryanny  of our  competition system. , '���''.;  meeting ot the strikers, who rcelved  the report amid applause. Kaeli man  is determined to stand by his gun-till  the last. ''���     , '{.   ���'  Tlie following Is a copy of a circular  received  by the iocul  railway union',  from the Gunerul Committee at Wimil-  l"'"��':f  "To all Hallway Organisations, Greet-  On August 3rd a strike was declared  by the machinists, allied mechanics,  boiler-makers and blacksmiths oil the  Canadian Pacific Railway line V west, of  Fort William, brought about by the arbitrary action'of the Canadian Pacific  Railway In refusing to grunt or discuss  reasonable demands for better conditions by the men; also by laying off,  men without regard to claims for seniority and aiming at the Committee engaged In pressing, the claims of the men  and by not fulfilling' the "machinists'  schedule of 1S99. .    {, Y,   ���!!'���:  To you,:;brotheis, who are so closely  connected with and in a measure dependent upon the trades now on strike,  for, the safe and satisfactory performance of your duties, it is necessary .that  we win' this fight, as a defeat for us  now means further attempts to weaken  or defeat the other'brganlsations by the  Oomrany. We find thait to carry,this  struggle out: to a successful finishcwe  must appeal, to you for financial aid, as  the men who have been paid bare living wages must be supported" and  means must be found to carry on a protracted 'right.'  "We must 'appeal to you to use every  means in your power, to prevent the  Company getting the; Work formerly  done by us performed.by..scab, labor.'  You will be waited on 'by'a duly authorised agent carryirig a subscription  book bearing the,6eaIs,or the. Machinists, Allied Mechanics, Boilermakers,  a'rii],'Blacksmiths'- unions."...  ,  . Winnlpeg.YAug." 29.���An early, settlement of the Canadian Pacific Railway  strike is in sight-., Arbitration.has been  agreed on. Mr,,',; Jame8 -.O'Cbn-  n'ell, President.of;the Irtfernational Association of Machinists, will represent  the men, and Mr. J. A, -M. Aikins, the  Canadianl.Pacific Railwav; Company.  Theyw.ill appoint the. third arbitrdtbr..  and the three.will decide the.wages for  which-the men,shall work,:'as; that is  now the only matter, in dispute- Mr.  O'Coi nell arrived, in; the .city, from  Washington this afternoori.1"  RETURN TO WORK.  The local Committee of ihe striking:  Canadian Pacific Railway employees  at this point, held, a'conference with  Supeiirten.Unt Marpcl* last night,  which win entirely satisfactory lu Its  results, and ul! the men who are out,  niuchlnlfts, bullet maker.,   und   cur-re-  palrers.  o'clock  returned     to     woii,  rriduy    afternoon.  ai   l  ALSO XUICDKUL.  (Dedicated to the Machinists on Strike.)  If you are looking for a "job"  On���we'll, sny the C.  P. 11., 0 "  You   will  wonder at condition's  If you follow, very far.  You'll  have to statu in .writing  The color of ycur eyes, and hair,  Partlculurs of birth-place, ."  .If. parents living���where?  It will be also needful ���'.'-.'  To register your weight ���"���.  And tell your occupat<(ons;-. ... .'  As .you've   filled   them   up   to   date.Y.  Your  height   must be  recorded  A description la detail  Given, of your humble .person,   .������"'������"���'������;.  Lest your application fall. ...  '���You must be also willing  If injured,   to  acquit/'  Tlie company from having .:'  ;   ���  The  least  thing  to   do with  it.  ���'.DUNN, stationeiy.engineer. CP-R.'  shops, and "SHELTON, .C.YP.'R-day  ear inspector, have.remained:loyal i?)  tothe,company.   ,       ..:  .;.pn..Saturd'ay;...'the.;C. P.,,r!;:strikers  helclYa ;,JoinJt meeting .in {Union' hall,"  when the action of; the machinists in  refusing:to arbitrate;th-e iva'ge question  was':endorsed: by':acclamation:; Y":  !  then let us pray that come it mav.  _As come. It will-for a' that,     ::  That sense and'worth, o'er a' the earth  ���May'.bear; tho greo. and a': that:  For a' that, ...and' a' that   '..;"  "It's'coming-yet, for a': that  That man  to  man,   the  wail  all  Shall brothers be for a''that..  o er,  c. r. k.  TO  cim  On Thursday a telegram was received from Winnipeg stating that the  strike would be declared oil" at 12  o'clock, noon. Upon receipt of this Information the general "committee ot  Vancouver waited upon Supt. Johnson'  of the C. P. It. shops, regarding tlie  men returning to work. After [lie  committee had waited tor some time'  the Superintendent appeared regaled lu  blue overalls, he being engaged at  cleaning and oiling the axle boxes of  tlie ears. He infnriin-d the committee  that he would not ileal with tlioin us  striker.*', but If ihey felt disposed pi  return as Individuals to work he would  he prepared to dlseiws the mutter with  them. The -'committee theii drew ills  attention,to these three important resolutions: (1) Thai all oominitiet.'-nieii  ill-charged who so desired will be reinstated: (2) That all men discharged  after July lfith be taken buck, seniority and elliclency to govern: (ri)  Thai all men engaged, after August  3rd to take the places ot strikers, be  dismissed. Tlie committee then withdrew    and    reported    to  the  general  .Last Friday, night a veryenthuslas-  itlc meeting was held.-in Union: hali{ by  the , 'machinists, when . it .was -: unanimously decided tb send.WUi: MacCIain  as a delegate to attend the'annunl con-  yeivtibri.'of: the Dominion"; Trades arid  Labor Congress tb be, held; oil the 10th  at"Otta'wa. .It was also' unanimously  agreed to march in a;body with ' the  freight-handlers, blacksmiths." boiler-:  makers, car 'repairers, .and all': other.:.  C. P-R. union employees.���-' Further, the  machinists refused to accede to tho: of-'  fer.of the c!{ P. ;R., to.arbitrate oi: Ine  lyage. question. The . grounds takeii  were- that the,nien who.' In all i.rbha-  billty'wbuld'be choseii tb.-arblt'rate tlie  coiripany'siside of the question ���vould  -e eastern: men,' who' yvoul<! ��� piactleai-  1;* riot understand the prevailing conditions existing^ iirtlie ,west. Further-:  more; the machinists, assembled emphatically objected '"tb Tacoiria bring  ���taken" ias a parallel city; to form  a ,-asis of settlement on the .matter of,  wage's, its it is a place where the. rule  has iTlways -been very low wages) iri  fact, -lower than any other .Place, on  the coast.{.The price .paid.'.machinists  iii Seattle a day is" frorii":?3 {to $3.50.  The same also prevails in :Vietoria and  Nanaimo and. the contract-shops. In  this5 city. The action of the.C. P-R.  company was deeply ;���. regretted. aiid  condemned, it being, stated that that  company are using cars;<_ondsmned by  the liis'pect'or as unfit for'servie, without'.the .necessary.'repairs, "'        ;   {  A; Winnipeg despatch of the -30th says:  The employees of the C. P. R. shops,  from: Fort William to the Coast, who  went out on strikej3ne_m_on_th_ago,.r_e__  If anything, should  happen.  And for this I've proof to say,       .-.���.���'.  And you should cause them damage',  "  They'll  draw -upon  your pay.  At last If you're successful  To  makc{a little wealth,  Each^riohth Ihe.vil take a dollar1       ' Y  YPor, thfesay, "to guard your health."  ''-������'��� : ���    ' ^;';$��_"::'"���'������"'���'        : " ���  But. iievej^rpw. despondent,  ..{.f, the rate-'{they pay per hour,  {'"���Will scarcely "be sufficient.  To-pay for,"pork arid  Hour/Y  Y;There  Is a  day yet .comlngY'     ���'',';'   ���'���*:'.  J',When it truly shali.be. said    '.-.- "''���{.','.'.!',,  {{"When  those who  can.  refuse  to: do .  "Whafs;right, iliey Will bc{made{".:{".;'..  ������ :v:y:- ':'<''"- ���:'���'���. '<':-*��� g."y  Vancouver.  August ,2ath- 1900..;  /.Note.���There is a form! which !c. .P. R.l  employees: are required, to. fill in."similar to the. above. Employees. have-Thought.  it had: something to do with a''black-"'  mailing system.:Men have been dlscharg-'-  ed .for . refusal . to. comply with its requirements. Yours truly. :���;������'���'  *������:��� , J. G.  WWM^  : A; {matter of great: importance! was{  dealt with at the,meeting'of''flsherrrien.'.':  in. the Homer {street Labor { hali :onY  Saturday night. ,H{ was. no{less {than :  the,organizing oi' lisherriien on the'Pa-.,  clflc; coast .from the Skeena,. bri;{the;::  north.to the. Columbia on the south.  The' ;{idea{{::has the sympathy'''.'''of. the :  fishei'meri and union men at'large/arid  It is.said that by.'next spring there,will .  hot be avnorirunlori net caster on the. .  ���coast. YYY'.' ������; .''",.:Y.���:;:������ :���.������,���':l:;\;;      .:;:���:.;  '{. A great  deal  of. dissatisfaction was?,  expressed'at the meeting, over{the way, {  the militia at Steveston  investigation:..  Was-conducted atVictpria.it being the,:  general  opinion  of the .men  that  the {.  canners had .top many representatives  before the commission. -. :'A'..resblutio'rii  was:; passed    unanimously. Y that::the ;  fishermen be;allowed,-,more; represeiita-;  Uves.;' ;'..:: ,,." '."  A large gathering _of fishermen "took'.  zi\nea at   Steveston on Sunday, to 31?-,  cuss matters of interest to;,the union.:'  A 'resolution   was  passeid { along: "the ,  same lines as  that of the Vancouver ;  fishermen on tlie, previous night, anent-'  the apparent lack, of-fairness exhibited ,;  In not {calling more'' fishermen before-  the  militia   investigation   commissilon.;  sitting in; Victoria.    There were only-  two  fishermen  subpoenaed while  six;  or"seven"cannerymen were called;   It:,  was recommended at the meeting that"  Messrs/Will MacClaln. Bristow, Slor-  rlson.and the customs oliicer at Steveston  be sent  to Victoria.    A  telegram  was ���'"despatched" to the capital to this _  fiTrned"to"W'ork_ari"p'(-lbck to-day. The  schedules of the machinists, the, allied  mechanics, and the bollerniakers, were  nil signed late last night, und the men  would have started work this morning,  but notice could not be sent to all In  time. The only matter now in dispute,  U the rate of wages to be paid the  machinists, und 'thisWill be settled by  arbitration.  At the Interview Thursday nig'ht  Mr. Mnrpole was pleased to meet tlie  committee and Mr. iMac Clain, the  prc-sldent of the machinists and chairman of the strike committee, wlio'had  been- Kent for by Dial gentleman.  Everything nslted tor by the eoiiiinll-  tee was granted,  II Is particularly noticeable the way  In which .Mr. Mnrpole met the committee to that ot Supt. Johnson, who  totally Ignored them nnd refused point  blank |o have anything to say to Mr.  Mac Clain.  eitectr  The following resolution was passed  by tlle llsherinen of Steveston:  Resolved���That we, the fishermen of  Steveston, endorse" tho action of our  brothers at Port Gulclion. Canoe Pass  and other places in their endeavors to  purstiuile our general organizer. Will  .V.nc Clain to contest the svat for  Westminster district at the forthcoming Dominion election..  Further liesolved���That we pledge  ourselves to-use every meaiiH at our-  coiiiinaiul to return our general organizer as Hie future member for Wesl-  ininsteriii the House of Commons.  Mr. Mil? Clain-hns signified his intention to run" for member for West-  nv'nslei' District In the House of Commons, ,, i  Telephone  turn-out. J.  stables.  Th.' liOiermen will hold a convt  o:i Tuesday.' 1th. in  Union hall.  1���2���5  tor  a  fine  livery I    Mr.  W.  I).  Itoss would like to know  J. Sparrow, Palace livery  Fvery union man should subscribe  to The Imlopendont and' get another  subscriber to take lit al��o, and Ihiia  spread, the light.  the ei::ii''lainaiit's name of his recent  teiiiinM.i!> incarceration. Surely a  well-known citizen like Mr. Ross Is entitle.! to l.ritish fair-play.  SUEPCUIDEi    FOR    THE  PENDUXT, $1.25 A  YEAR.  INDE- THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY...... SEPTEMBER 1. 1300  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY GEO.  BARTI/BY.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST  OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   312   HOMER   STUEET,  VER,   13.   C.  VANCOU-  SUBSCltll'TJONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month,10 cents; three  months. ;i" cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $l._S.  ENDORSED   BY   THE. TRADES   AND  LABOR  COUNCIL.  SATURDAY* SEPTEMBER 1,. IflOO  The striking employess of the C P.  It. niua.b- congratulated on tlie successful termination of the battle for  their rights. The men at Winnipeg,  wiio have been on strike, liav��� returned to work and at this writing we take  it for granted that the , men in tlie  shops in this city will in all probability follow suit,, awaiting the decision  of the arbitrators. Neaiing the _nl of  the late trouble, the sequence of matters tended towards a general tie-up of  ' the'great railroad. We are at all  times opposed, to' strikes, but as a last  resort they must, be gone into. Publi'.  sentiment was on the side of the men,  and'that is a great deal. AVe hope all  employers will  listen  and  heed    their  ��� oniplojed,-'. as if this te done In 1*9 ti trie's  out of 100 there will be no strike.  ���-,;: THE CELEBRATION.  The arrangements for the Labor Day  demonstration in this ..city are now  complete. The. committee are to be  congratulated upon the way In which  : preparations have been carried out.  All that now remains is for the subcommittees to carry out the details necessary to ensure .success. The committee is especially pleased with the  'programme .they .will be. enabled to  run off for the amusement...uul benefit  of.their.'���p'ril'roiis. The attractions all  round, especially, the mammoth industrial parade, are decidedly ahead of  ���anything yet offered at ;i Labor. Day  '"' entertainment, and this is saying a  .great deal. There'Will be no1 break or  -stops between performances. A continuous round' of comic ancl;.inii'th-pro-  dueing productions will be offered on  the green in .front of tho grand stand,  ���while the sports and races are sure to  -cause an interesting competition.    The  -.sports 'committee have " determined  that only three'minutes will be allowed  ���after calling an event before it is un-.  der way. Any race or game not filled  up in that time .will be called off, and  the next come on, and soniethingielse  substituted   (or    .the    unfilled    event.  .The  majority of  the  various commit-  ���tees have been on previous Labor Day  committees and   have  an  Insight Into  .'the, work.'��� The whole aim and motto  of this year's committee has been:  "The best celebration yet held; the  best entertainment, sports aiid attractions, and the most- successful Labor  pay to date." This has been the  spirit that has animated the work of  the committee, and they are' satisfied  lhat the verdict ot the public will be  that, they  have succeeded in their ef-  _font.__:Yi'!i_ey__-feeL_s_iir_e__t_!iat_maji.v who  icious advertising; When he has once  gained the confidence of the public tho  location of his -store becomes a matter of secondary importance.  >_,*  Prepare for Labor Day.  Patronize home industry.  Patronize  our  advertisers.  Let your union  be your politics.  It   pays   to  advertise  In   Tho  Independent.  Make the Labor Day parade outshine  the circus.  The  official  Labor  Day  programme  this year will be "the very best."  When we come to know how to vole,  then we will be able to regulate matters in calling out the militia.  LABOR DAY PROGRAMME.  The place, for every union man during the big industrial parade Is In the  procession, not on llie sidewalk.  Plans are being prepared for a Miners' Union hall at Sundon, B. C. The  building will cost about $0,000 complete.  Granted that the Provincial'Government is not responsible tor the calling  out of the militia, are they going to  drop the riiatter? ������  The Terre Haute Toller printed an  enlarged Labor Day edition. The letter-press is well selected and the portraits show up line. The Toiler is one  of our favorite exchanges.,  If all union men in A'ancouvcr are  natured with the spirit of their delegates in the Trades and Labor council there will be a grand turn-out ot  organized labor in Vancouver on Monday.  iMr. E. P. Bremner, 'Dominion labor  commissioner, arrived at Rossland last  week. He is making a tour of the  ���Kootenay'country .'for. the purpose'" or  looking generally into the labor situa-  t-on.  Nanaimo will celebrate Labor Day  in,a large way. Last year in the Diamond City it was "Joe" Martin..-and  "Billy" Melnnes. This year is will be  "Geordie" Maxwell and "Billy" Mac  Clain who. will be the orators.  "see the afternoon performance will be  ���eager to take in the grand smoker In  the evening. There will be at least  .three first-class 'bands to play seloc-  Uoiiri during the afternoon and even-  iiii'. Altogether," it Is not often that  the public have a chance to take In  such a programme free of c'oH. When  we.say it is ahead of anything put up  In previous years. we; are, aware -of the  stateuientH We are making, and we  are satltrtled that a treat Is in lUore  for the public Who turn nut to help  the workingmen of Vancouver make  Labor's holiday a big success. Don't  let anything come: between you and a  rood time.     ���  The, Labor 'Day sports official pro-  ���annne has been published this year  by Al. Haggard, and -will bear favor-,  able..comparison' In"'every ' particular  with previous publications.. The printing is by Clarke ���&.Stuart, and is up-  to-date.'      -:.,; :  The miners .-.of Rossland have boon  intei'vlbwlng Messrs. Gooderham and  Blaekslock in regard to raising. the  wages of the shovelers to the standard  of the district. . The magnates refused the reVtuest as usual .'In .an'unreasonable'manner.       '���    0  A,contrivance for doing away wilh  weights and posts or lying horses has  been invented. "We noticed the other  da:' in front of a store that a.'h'orsa  was hobbled by means of dropping two  rings, like hand-cuffs', on the" fore logs,  and the animal cannot move forward  or backward.-,���..'���-'-/  :. It is not often that the public is afforded the rare treat of a good lecture  on single tax, and those who heard  Rev. 1-1. S. Bigelow last Monday night  listened most attentively' ,throughout,  and all speak in glowing ternis of ..that  Eentlemau's great ability us a foremost lecturer.  THE EFl'-ECT OP ADVEltTISlNG.  _5*or every line of business In a community there is a certain amount of  trade. What share a particular establishment shall have must depend a  -great deal on Its? location. If a store  or an office be where It can attract the  .notice of Ihe largest number of people,  it will have the largest' patronage,  other things being equal. It Is possible, however, for a business man whose  -establishment is not so well located  as those of his competitors to overcome much of the disadvantage by jud-  T'he investigation of the calling out  of themllliia at Steveston by the Government commission did not prove at  all satisfactory to the niasws. Tho  ennnerymen's side of the ouestlon was-  given every attention, .while thai of  mo struggling fishermen 'was given, to  use a vulgarism, the "dirty throw-  down." The paucity ofthe fishermen's  witnesses was one to three cannerymen. The question should be: sifted  as_i__^whethei^jit^was justifiable or not  "to call_offt~llHr"niliriVfi*Ya^  responsible?  Monday, September 3rd, will be celebrated as Labor Day throughout the  Dominion, and Vancouver will take her  full -share in the general festivities.  The programme arranged, under the  auspices of the Trades and Labor Council, will provide varied attractions from  10 a. m. till sundown, including a grand  Industrial parade, athletic sports, bicycle races and Indian war dances, while  at the Hastings race track the Jockey  Club bar. arranged for an attractive  programme of track events. Tlie parade  will start from the City Hall, Westminster Avenue, nt 10 a. m. Over $arO Is  offered hi prizes for merchants' and  ���manufacturers' Moult*, nnd a large number of entries have already been received.  The  0    ATHLETIC   SPORTS  will start at Brockton Point at 1 p. in.  No admission fee will be charged, nnd  the grand stand will be reserved free  for '-.idles and children.  The ���programme will be carried out ns  follows:  1. Boys' race, 100 yards flat, IS years  and under ���First prize, goods, $3; second,  goods, fl.i'O.  2. Girls' race, 100 yards flat. 16 years  and under���First prize, goods, $3; second,  goods, S2.  3. Sack race, boys, 10 years and under,  50 yards���First prize, goods, $3; second,  goods, ?2. " " ���������  ���1. Sack race, girls, 10 years nnd under,  So yards���First prize, goods, .��3; second,  goods, S2.        ,  5. Fat men's race, open, 200 lbs. nnd  over���First prize, goods, SS; second, goods,  ��2.50. ���       " ,  6. Two hundred and twenty yards race,  confined to Policemen���First prize, goods  $5; second, goods $2.00.  7. Two hundred and twenty yard race-  confined to Postmen���First prl��, goods  S3; second,  value. $2.50.  S. Two hundred and twenty yards race,  confined to Postmen���First prize, goods,  ?,*">���, second, value J2.50.  9. One hundred yards dash, amateur���  Flrstoprize,'goods, $7; second,  goods, $i.  10.. Two hundred yard dash, open���First  prize,  goods,  J7:   second,  goods,  $4.  11. Quartcr-mlle race open���First prize,  goods. ,<fT; 2nd, goods, U.  12. Seventy.flve yards dash. Committee  Only���First prize, goods $0.30; second,  goods. $7. .  13. Lacrosse learn race, open to members  (bona fide) of nil lacrosse teams; four  teams to start or no second' prize���First  prize, two years' subscription to "World,"  $10; second, goods, $��*.  1-1.���Quarter-mile race, Union men only  ���First, prize, goods, $7; second, goods, >A.  15. One" hundred yards dash, professional���First prize,  goods, {0;  second,  goods,  $6. /, "     ������-:       "  16. Ono hundred yard three-legged race,  Union men only���1st prize, goods, value  ?".: 2nd prize, good.s, value ^-2.50.  17. Putting 10 lb-shot, open to amateurs  ���First prize, goods, .��..; second, goods, ..I.  IS. : Putting 56 lb. shot, open to amateurs  ���1st prize, goods, }5; second/goods, if2.ro.  , 'ill... Putting 16 lb. shot. Union men only  ���First prize, goods. SH; Second-goods, S2.  20. Putting 50 lb/shot, Union men only  ���First prize, bmiiIs,}!; second,- goods, *2.  . 21. Throwing heavy hamnier{ amateur���  First prize, goods, ��5; second, good.s, .*.*..  22.': Throwing light hammer; amateur-  First prize, goods', ?4; second, goods, !*2.  23. One hundred yards, Committee only-  First prize; goods, $5; second, goods, $3;  third, goods, ��2. " -  21. Quarter-mile dash, open to members  of lacrosse teams only, six toenteror no  race���First prize, goods, $3.30; second,  goods, $3.  ��� 23.   Three jumps,  open���First,     goods,  $5;-. second, goods, S2.  Indian   War Dance.  ��� '���"'���"{.     -   BICYCLE RACES.   '{ ..,'..  1. Quarter-mile, boys under IS���First,  medal. $3;  second, goods, $2.30.  2. Quarter-mile, girls under JO���First  medal,  $."*>;   second,  medal,  $2.50-  3. Quarter-mlle.confined to.Union men-  First, lamp, .$>';. second,'-lamp,'$!,-  A. Halt-mile, Union men . only���First  goods, $-1; 2nd, goods, !J2.50.  Angus :McLeod, the Canadian champion, will race against time, and endeavor  to lower track ncord of 2:01.  cal organizations), at least six months  prior to and at time of election, r. but  nothing in this clause shall be construed to prevent unions or assemblies  from combining to send one representative who Is a member of one of such  unions or assemblies; provided, nothing in this clause shall prevent organizations being represented not six  months organized.  All delegates will be required to produce certificates of election (blank  forms of which nre herewith forwarded) signed by the presiding officer and  secretary of the organization they represent, and bearing the ��eal of the  snriie, where such exists. Where two  or more organizations have united' to  send a delegate, the credential must  bear the signatures of th,* presiding  olllcer and secretary of such organ-  zliitlonii and seals of the same, where  .such exist.  Notice of election ot delegates, .together with their names and addresses  und the number of'mo'nberis in ;hc organization they represent, must be  forwarded to the Secretary of the  Congress, on or before Monday, September 3rd, lilOO.  The expenses of the Congress shMl  be met by a per capita 'assessment on  the membership of the organizations  represented at Its sessions, and such  other organizations as may signify  their willingness to 'contribute to its  funds.  AH organizations which have not  contributed to the income of the Congress during the last past year, and  wishing to be represented by delegates  at any Annual Session, will be required  to pay to the Secretary-Treasurer the  amount of one-half year's per capita  in advance, the same to count as the  instalment due and payable on the  15th of November ensuing.  That the wisdom of bodies whlcli  through any cause, may be unrepresented by delegates/may not be lost  to the Congress, it is requested that  such bodies forward, by resolution,  such views as they entertain on any  particular phase of labor, or the tenor  of any ouestlon which In their judgment may be worthy of discussion or  action by the Congress. >  ... Railway certificates are procurable  from any railway ticket agent, and  will entitle the holder to a return fare  of one-third the regularYrate, provided fifty delegates hold certificates, or  fare-and-two-thirds if under fifty.  Certificates must be signed by the  Secretary of Congress at Ottawa.  , All communications should be addressed to the Secretary of .the Congress, who will be happy, to furnish all  desired  Information.'  'PJA'LPH SMITH,  M.P.P., '������������   ,  President, Nanaimo, B.C.:  JOHN A. FLETT,.  ...'{"���'-'  Vice-President,  Hamilton,  Ont; ,  _ -Toronto,., Ont., .July ISth, I.'IOO.  GEO.  XV.  DOWER,  Secretary -Treasurer,  365,Berkeley Steet, Toronto.  A Cent's Hood l.incu Hititdl.erf.hiuf  We Have Them  At Less I'rleu for the Sumo Uriiilu''  Klsowhere  Prom 10, 8S9 2��,  25 to 35c Each  We nl^a Ctirry �� I-nr^o AMWiment  of Guilts'  Clothing;  furnishings,  Bleats and Ca|����  for Men  And Bous.  from $1, $2.25,  $ 1 .��5 to $5  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. H. TYSON,  W_-OI.KSAI.l_ ANO RETAIL UKAI.ER I.S  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova'St.  'Phone 442  In clothiiu. llie mat. rial counts for a  Kood deal, 'hut the inakliiK Is equally, important. The ilcwIirnluK and cuttlnfi must  ho done skilfully j tho pulling* toiiethcr  and finishing must be'dono carefully.  That's wlu'ni wo excel, our standard of excellence beliif? much above tho ordinary,  althoutrh prices aro less than Is usually  asked: Put us to. the test. Thcso suggestions may aid In making comparisons:  HEN'S SUITS���Sl!iBlp-*_rcnstetl, all  wool, Canadian Tweed, in medium grey  checks, lined with Italian cloth, well made.  regular p.CO, to-day for ;$4.}}fi. "'.-Y  MEN'S TROUSBRS-Mado ot all wool,  imported English colored worsteds, best  trimmings;'.- regular prlco ?3.0O to-day  SfSl.J.5.  MEN'S WATEIRiPIlOOES-DetnehnWe  cape, sewn scrims; special to.day SJI4.BO-  BOYS' all-wool Canadian tweed, two-  plcco suits,1 neat patterns in "brown antl  dark grey, well trimmed; regular J2.50, today $1.85.  THE-<5^-^'  1  CO., LTD.  IIO Cordova St.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.  The ''proposed n'vpoliitnicnt of ihe  !>uilldln__ inrpector-hy the City Council  Is most Important. The council would  do. well to |iul trho fandldn'U's tlirough  a 'tlioroiit'li exainliiaiion us to their  f;ualificiitioiis for Ihe position. If the  aldermen nre not practical men they  should select an liiiiniii'.liil (xvuiitnlng  ������������"���inlsnion, say a delcgale to the  Trades and Ijalior council and u mcin-  ber of the liulldeis' ExcIuiiikc, an both  parties are directly concerned. In tlie  H.iitlur. .mo wliciiun liiKin'clor Is ��l>-  polnU-d lie sliould ho iiiinle to dn his  dm:-.  11 ml tlie workliigmeii of Vnncoiiver  given .more nttcntun to prlnclpU'H linn  men there "would nt leant have been  two more member.* of Hie leglsluiui'i' In  opposition. Neither Clnrden nor Tallow would have been elected. Enbor  candidate* are all right when there Is  a chance of electing them, hut llie  principles of unionism when advocated  by a party are just us important'to  unionists as labor candidates.���Greenwood  Miner.  The Miner talks Just like scores of  others In Vancouver. You might just  as well trust a drunken Siwash with a  loaded rifle as a shady politician with  a code-of' good principles. Besides  where does the "dignity of labor"  come in 'lhat we hear so much alioti t?  :    PRIZES FOR "FLOATS.  ,  The following Is a list : of prizes  for the/Labor Day procession; which'  has. been drawn up by the Procession,  committee, and practically covers the  ���proposed'great industrial, parade from  one end to the-'other:'������ Merc'unitw'  float, first., prize $30, second $20; ma nit t'.  factum's' float, first $30, second. $20;  iinlon-madc'goods, first $30. second $20;  (ishermen's float (two or more to compete), "iifst $25; best display of home  manufactures,-llrst $30; firemen's float'-  (best decorated apparatus), first. $20.  ���second $10; floats not otherwise classified (two or more to compete), first $20.  second $10.  T'KiADES   AND   1/A'BOTl CONGRESS  OF CANADA.  =To-t-lie=01Ileers=and=aiem'ber_.=o��-r-rades-  Councils, Central Labor Unions, District and Local Assemblies of the  Knights of Labor, Federal Trade  UiiionH, and Directories of Industrial Brotherhood, throughout the  Dominion of Canada:  Fellow Workers,���Tlie Sixteenth Annual Session-of the Trades and Labor  Congress of .Canada will lie held In  Ihe City of Ottawa, Province of Ontario, commencing on Tuesday, September ISth, ldOo, at 10 o'clock a.m.,  and nil labor organizations In the Dominion are Invited to send rcpresenta-  tlvoi.  The buHlfi of representation shall lie  as follows: Trades Unions, Local Assemblies of the Knights of Labor, Federal Unions, und Directories ot the Industrial Brotherhood tdiull be allowed  one delOL'iito for each one hundred  members, or under, and one for each additional one hundred or majority fraction thereof; Trades Councils, Central  I_abor Unions, National Trades Unions,  National Directory of,'Industrial Bo-  therhood und District Assemblies of  the Knights of Labor, three delegates  each. Two or more Trades Unions,  Local Assemblies of the Knights ot  Labor, or Directories of the Industrial  Brotherhood, whose aggregate membership dobs not exceed 150, may unite  to send one delegate. No proxy representative will be allowed, and all delegates must be members of the bodies  they represent (except In the case of  bodies composed ot delegates from 16-  THE BESF^>  To Dispense.  ...PBESCRIPTIONS...  KverytlitiiK sold At ruhsoiinlile.  prices nml "tfunrHiiicctl.  g��i>1��UR,  The Up-to-date Druggist,  Corner Seymour and Hastings  Streets, viiiu'onver.-  for 30 g>ay$ On��  ���We will sell  AT C��ST  Our large assortment  Cigar arod Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.    ��  ���^ Union Men,  Remember^  That you get the very best CIGARS  in the market, besides encouraging  Union Labor,- home industry, when *|j  you smoke KURTZ'S OWN, KURTZ'S ,���*��  PIONEERS, or SPANISH BLOSSOMS  Cigars.' Ask, for thorn and see that  you get them made In  KURTZ ���� CO.'S  "  PIONEEIt CIGAR FACTORY,  i  4S8 Cordova Street,  Vancouver, B. C. \  it i\  Tel. 863.        Union Labor: Only.   - 'j  ,'< Ingrains,' were 15 and 17, now 10  cents: embossed gilts, 40, now 25 cents;  beautiful gilts, 20 and IS, now 12 and  10 cents; dining room papere, 13 and  10, now S and 7 cents; bedroom papere,  S, now C cents. '.AH other papers.in  proportion.  Now is the .chance to secure your  wall papers at these prices. : It will  pay you to visit our store,  A BIG REDUCTION1 ��� m' STATIONERY���Envelope,'two ^packages 5 cent6;  lead pencils 10 centa per dozen.  Everything on sale at reduced prices  for 30 days only.  PAYNE STATIONERY CO"  Printers, Ilooicellers null Statiiiner.,  110 Hustings!Street Enst     ���     -      Theme HIS  . . MAKES A M'llOIM.TY Of . .  o    dewoi's special Liqueur, also ��� ���������  o    usners Block lodgi Liqueur wnisky  -I.AKfiK .STOCK (II*-  -",,.,      IMI'dltTKI) AND IjO.MK.STK;  Qua ns linos.,    -   -     Props.  I.'IIIISKH COIUHIVA ANII CAI1IIAI.I..  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  llcitdi|iiarlcrxfnr t'heeiigiiiocrltig trtulo  in Vancouver.  fJHOIGEST^r*����>.'  Liquors and Cigars  Klriit-elttss rooms from 00 cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  [UK SIR.  ]<:e Creiim, 0. 1). Clioi'.ohilos, Cakes and  \ " CONKICCTlONISRV  MONTREAL BAKERY  ter Avenue.  Is now within Ihe rench of everylxxly.  I'rlccs lmve hilely Ik'uu rnltH.-dd, ttml tlio  II. O. Kk't'lrk: lt��ilwny ('nn_|-itny hitvc  their lines ulluvcr the ellv.   Do not <le-  lnv. lull fllMHll nml UhtiTIIK Oni.v Ijuiit,  >v!iieh Is ubsolntely  Safe, Clean and  Up-to-date.  If I'lirefullv looked nfter II IvhcHper  limn eonl oil, nml, nil I wluit a dlfTereiiiio  intliuuvvnliiK.  A|>|ily fur raieH at thu  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  CITY WOOD YARD  KOlt ALL KINDS OK  ss Stovewood ::  HARRIS STUEET WHARF.   T��I__ C95.  R. RIJ_,EV.     .'.���-. .".,-'.��������� Prop  SPECIAL  AllltlV.U.'!.  E. CHAPMAN  (scccKssnii ro rAon roNsrouu imos.)  605 Hastings St.  W.  Hardie & THompsenl  Marine anil General-���!���=_      \  Consulting Medianii-'iil Engineers     t  520 CoiuioVA St. \V., Vanccuvkh, II. C. Tei.. 767 '���  'atciitcca anil deslRncrs of tho lliirilfo-       l*J  'hiiinj'Min water tuiiuliailcr, nuw hip"  peeil   roversiiij-  enitlnes, ami Kpeeli  Thoinj'soii water tulai holler, new hich  tpecil reversini; eiiKlnes, and apeulal  machinery iu-liKlit seutlqiiH for iniiiefl.  l'i:')i'Ki.i,i:us D.��inSKi'.   Kxoisbi Iniiicatkd and ,,,  AIIJUBTKI1.    , 41'  Solo acenlx lu II. C. anil N. \V. Territories fo ,  the Unllvl Klexllilo Moialllo Tulilng C��., I-ttl I  Ullliloll, KllK. '  COll. SKYSIOUll ANII COIUKIVA HT8.  (neiirC. I'. U.Slitlloii.)  l'lnu old EiikIIkIi Ale, Stout and Beer;  t>e. t old Seoteli ami Iriah wlilt-ky; do.'  uieslle and   imnnrted   Oigurs.   Everything up to the hamllo. SATUBSDAW.
.SEJPTEMBER 1. 1900 •
■ Editor Independent: Have you ever
"had the good fortune to escape just by
a hair's breadth' the wretched agony
of being talked to death by a lazy loafer who isoi'iposid to work. There are
a number of people who congregate in
the vicinity of Carrall and Cor-lova
streets, who talk, talk, about nothing
but the question- of how to avoid work,
and they handle the subject from more
Ihtin ordinary experience. 'Any one
who has the misfortune and inclination to be Industrious nnd earn it livelihood, and not-be a sponge, Is claused
.ns ii "beast," "a deluded brute," etc.
-Perhap«: to appreciate what a trying
ordeal It Is to be bored by a big, fat,
lazy, rowdy loafer, you might pcruce
the famous niul touching bnlhul entitled "The Windy .Man from Vane.it:-
-ver." M.
Vancouver, Aug. 30, 3000. '■■'■■
'..'Editor    Independent:   It    you     will
'.Mildly allow me space through the valuable columns of your paper, 1 will endeavor to explain to Its many readers,
in as^few words as possible, the meuii-
Ing of that cursed word "trusts," and
how  they are    organized.   The  name
'"trust" certainly sounds innocent, but
■   the abuses nnd wrongs growing out of
:1t are of  the most alarming" kind,   it
is organized, or brought about, In tills
* way:   A majority of those .dentins" in,
or   manufaoturins,   special  or  certain
-articles unite their capital and' form a
corporation with,, a capital of two or
•three times the amount that is actu-
.ally  Invested   In   the    business.   Thus
ihe capital stock, of each individual or
corporate member, of    the ■.■/'trust". If
o doubled ■'without the Investment of an
-additional dollar.  {When this i.s accomplished, the..corporation Is so mnnaged
: that It pays on this doubled or trebled
'"'  «oaipiital  stock  dividends  as   gr^at,   or
Ygreater,  than  the  earnings berore secured    separately., The-   "trust" „has
.,,.   Absolute1command      of    the    product
which it issformed to control, so much
•so/ithat' it  Is "able  to  name  Its  own
;'■' : jirices and profits, much to the discomfiture of the nation's   mainstay _ (the
workingman).   Again, if .the supply of
'Certain products exceeds the demands
some  ofthe mills, or factories :orYre-
"'.'.fineries controlled by the   association
are closed, and the owners can make
• rio objections  because they: are part-
nei's  in  the scheme,, and; aro  sure "of
" -.their dividend's on.two'or.throe times
the capital they invested in their former business. ''Reducing- the production;
'..•only' makes their dividends, more;'.e'er-'.
>    tain.'--It is very, easy to see'that  the
"trust"  is   but  a dishonest  device to
destroy competition, and  to swell  the
rprolits of theYni'anufacturers, or: oper-
.-..'.atone.'or. dealers,  without a dollar, of
■ ■'.'■ additional  capital'being  put   into, the
'■'■'. iusln'essj- The  results    of.j this high-
class  thieving'   for;- it .Is  nothing  less,
.   :nre:: The consumer pays  the.increas-
od  profits of,'the bogus capital "of the
rcorp.oratlon,  and' the producer hiisio
accept for his products 'Just '\v'nat the
.••''■managers of the "trust" choose to pay.
"The  concoction i of  the  word    "trust"
.ought to, be'burled, arid' supplemented
.."' "by that of "crust,", something to;.cover
'.„" 'x-s crookednessYfor as. I said .berore,:
..'- -5t is,nothing less..than organized ,rob-
Y'liery, .and  should'be  treated    b>-  our,
•courts, the'same as any. other stealing.
•."■ Y.. ';■     '■.■'...';.'':, :.YH.H..CONNOR.
'.;.'•:*   Vancouver, 'A112. 30,il000Y Y5,Y      . "-
,'"',.   HIS-IX-RiDSmP."AN'Di.THE  CHI-'.-' ■
".;;!'-Y-Y '-':Y;.y':^N'ESE. T::.;Y;..::y,Y:-;-Y;..
.   " Editor.inedpendent:""How.wise these
,   "bishops   be!   If', it-, had  :iiot':: been - for
'•'Bishop'  Peri'in'a;reference to.  the.Chl-
,'•   'iiese. question in Toronto, 1 veil lure to,
•-•say, that m'uiny of us ivouidhave lived
and died without ever having' heard ot
;   •sucli°an important dignitary. ■.■' C strain -
..-ly this bishop is somebody,.oriifi would
not-associate   himself:'with 'such Yno-
taile men as General Gordon 'itnilXord
Wolseley,  and   like, them.: lie  "caiin.it
■'.Indulge., in    any..,popular''■•.-..clap-trap,
:•'.'' against .the Chinese,  in spite "of" their
.'   glaring  faults.""il  thinlYit, would Yce'
,.; useless for;■ the bishop to do so.'for.'if.
his  clap-trap  would'-: be  as: useless,;, in.
theircondemnation  as,the   '{deceptive
laiethods'.T.'liich some of the missiomii'-
. ies' employ to ucconipUsii their ■ccn'ver-
•'."*io'i   it   woiild   be" a/dismal   ; fniliire.
•'. Bisli.M' Perrin and Iris asso'ei'ates have
-   done   their   best  for   John  Chin'iman,
:,''and: lo! after;many years' n'nxioiw !a-
,"boi'! they have "brought;foi'tih'ia.Boxer.
Phlnameri don't i]iurder:.th*rse iiilsfi'.ii'-
aiies':f6r,";aniusemen't; it' is .for . decen-
',.' l.tion,,!ind If 'nccewry'-'th'e,proof is forth-
.'.' coming.   The good Blshoirsays: : "It's
,...-  our bounden'duty to.strive,to,."how to
.-" them, ■ both  by   'irecent,: and;, r-xample,
those. liishCT 'truths' of .faith and con-
." duct which have been , rtweiUed' to ns,
an- upon which our Empire hasbeen
built."   This  i.s  very' good,  and   what
■■we would expect from one whose chief
of the erring sheep.    But wc'(ire not
-yet ripe  for the 'Bishop's admonition.
Lot  Bishop Perrin put,his own house
In  oivler.  ;P am    ashamed   to  confess
that  there are    a'number    of  "godly
fui'.hei^"  under his control  whose  example  Is  appalling,  from a  Christian
point of view, and I should advise him
lo whl]i them Into line.   Can we expect
irood       from       a      common       working      man.       nay      a   ! OWInamtni,
■when    men     who     profess     to     be
fnlloivpra of Christ take a solemn ■ vim'
for the purpose of breaking It. , .There
"i.s  no  profession  except   the  clerical,"
•as one of our Judges sul:l some years
ncii.  "in which  the niont Immoral  trilling,   both   witli   truth   and   duly.    Is
•tolerated."   Anyone'who  stiiill.'.s    Ihe
•antics of some of Hlwliop Perrln's siih-
ordlimtes will hear nie   out   tlinl    he
has,   were   he   not   blind   to  hi.*  duly,
iztilto a problem,to solve, nml the public are on the witness    stnnd. "1 am
told  to say, and 1 say «o after careful thought, that If common policemen
had  as   little   respect    for  the  .'..icivd
cause of truth ns some of our cleilei!
•friends, they  would be debarifd  from
Klving evidence  In  the    most    trivial
•case. Yes, these men 'are a glaring' falsehood  fifty-two times each   year, and'
-sometimes on a special ofcenslon.   But
never a word of condemnation from a
"bishop.   It seems that the only subject
they are most conversant'with is the
"Chinese question.   Bishop Perrin: "The
Labor Omnia Vincif.
5cj>fember 3, S§®0
tyranny, of-.'the "labor unions." What
about the. tyranny of the clergy? What
about the immorallltty of ithe clergy, their
sacred regard for truth? Would any
honorable person read the dirty, nasty,
nay, savoring of ■hell, literature that
some of the clergy, place in the hands
of the young? "A thousand times nay.
V/'hat about the. letters:some of these
followers of the" Master, forward' our
wives? Here Is part of :one: "1 shall
be duit'e ready and willing.;^in"virtue,
of. my. office) to see you as you desire.
,'M.rSY '""'; Yhas left, and we have the
house to 'ourselves.^: In 'I -great haste.
Yours, faithfully.:,:in Christ, Charles
Jupp." It Is- not wo,.-much- the condeni-,
nation of the Chlniiinan as the conversion, of..the. clergyman, and .those who
read "Our'SpiritualGu'des Column": in
"ileyriold's Newspaper"- for a year, can
form an estimate of the magnitude of
the undertaking. Now,'Bishop'^erriii,
i> ivi your .own: house, in -orde'rYand, we
•shall "look after'■the.: tyranny of the
lahor unions aiid the saloons, .though
Mine of them have., the -benediction of
a  weil-known,English Bishop. .
,_,.;    Y'Y":; WALTER JESSOP.
Y,\"aiwpuvcr,;Aug.*10,lUOO. :•/;;::;, :„
F. AVaxstock, cigars ....  ..   ..
P. A. Lee..	
... H.OO
D.  G. .Macdonnell..........;....'.
Dan. Stewart, goods.............
G. E. Trorey, medal.....:.......
..- 5.00
.. S.00
A. Marshall, chair...............
Sun Ban, tobacco jar............
C.  Cocking, goods	
Wide-Awake ..'Grocery..  ..... ;..
.".. 5.00
"The "dally expenses of Ringling
Brothers' cli'cus, the famous big show
that, iis here ejrhi'b'iting in this city,
uL-gergate $7,400, more than sufficient
to euulp a good-sized show.  .',..;..■
Grand Industrial Parade at ro A. M.   .''■■>".'■      &
Athletic SJ)orts, Iiadiail War Dance and y.'.>.'
Varioi.ts Other Attractions at Brockton Point
in the Afternoon.      ^ -i* <&'y       s^,:
Adrnission   free j  Grand Stand   Reserved
for the Ladies.
In the Evening.
....... ............God Save the Queen, y
Address   all  Communications' to  FV
•  Secretary, P. Box 159.
i-l Mil.
;.Y'Y. AN: OPEN: LlIiTTETt.;: Y:     :•"
(For'pttbiicatjon  IhVThep'Independcnt)
To Mr. Perrin; \*ictoi-ia;BYC.:YY,;
:,Sir,—Having no titles myself, to :givc
more weight to,my, argunients,' I;shall,
for the. present, do away/with, yours
that we may better spe.ak together us
'maii to man: before our common God.
I:recognize1 nil men of.'whatsoever nationality, .'.as my 'brother, in 'God1.,
Therefore' 1 cannot,find fault with the
Chinaman or Jap,.:ris such, no .matter
what.his creed may be, and no matter
what'fraction of Cod's earth he may
be p'leasetl to brag about nsihis own.*. The
th'in_.; that. I do object to in; t-liese
, people is "not a niatter.'of color,; creed,
or ii'.it.oiiality, but it is the fact' that,it
co?tstiiem so .much less to. exist than
it costs,the' white man, .that the un-
ettuai. competition is driving the whites
out of this country, and their places
are rapidly.being.'tilled;.with, this cheap
Oriental labor."' Now,,:sir, what 1. want
tci ask you is this:, (1) Would It.be'an
unchristian act to efftabllsh a minimum
wage for all classes,of labor in this
l'Jrovln,ce or. Dominion, if by so;doing
you" must of necessity;; throw .'all the
Japs: and Chinese back on their own
coimlrymen tovlook for a Job? (2)
Would we. be ..doing a Christian act if,
by Hiring, this '.'country ". with;: aron-
golians, tlie: white man's children
bread? (3) Would you, sir, give plenty
to your neighbor's children while your
p"*n children'.were, iri want of n meal?
Then ..why ask Canada, to do it? Possibly you will'reply, like an acquaintance" of mine In Vancouver once did:
"If Ihe.Chinese can live on rice, so can
the whites!" 'If this-be your answer
th'Sn step down from God's holy altar
linmeillately, lest worse should happen
ilian the slopping down. Could you
live on rice for one week? I have seen
my fellow-countrymen In Unglnml
searching In guttern nml swlll-ba.rrels
for food for tholr little ones, and . I
hnve seen (U'ofesi-'loiuil "Nuzureiu's" III
their private earring,'., with their noses
upturned to lioiiven. and 1 ■ have ut
such times wondered If there were a.
Just und nil-powerful ISod In existence
or not. i.\nd I have al^i wondered how
long the gutter-seiircher's frown would
'remain ns harmless as a frown.   Hut
I suppose we must "patiently wall
Clod's time," which never yot to my
knowledge came until man willed that
II should come. I, for my part, do not
propose to elt still and see the people
of this my adopted country handed
over to be robbed by that same class
that has been the cause of nil the mis-
oiy In England and every other country where the capitalist class is In
power. God's time .must be our time,
and "vox populus vox del!"   I remain,
Vancouver, B. C, Aug. 28, 1900.
From Their Niiiiniino.Soutlilielil and
_■-',■■ Protection Island Collieries, ,
Steam, (Basaod
House Coal
'■.'■.:.Y  Of the Following Grades Y
Double Screened I_i4iiip,.' "Y
;,,       Run lit the Mine,
■ Woftlied Nutancl
SA.MU'ELM. HOIIIN'S,YSuiierliilendent.
IS VANS, COI.K.MAN- .t 'EVAN'S,' Agents,
: Vitneouver City, B. C.
to the
1000 People "-r^i
500 Horses'   j»
300 Performers
5 Big Arenas v*
J Aerial Enclave
<I-4 Mile Race: Track
65 Railroad Cars jt
100 Dens and Cages
J2 Acres of Tents
$3,700,000 Invested •
$7,400 Daily Exjjenses;
AM3 YOU taking a .vacation? It so.
wc would llku to send you some
literature ''about . Banff Hot
.Springs," "The Great Glacier of
the Selklrkfi," and the miiRnillcent
hotels there operated by the Cona-
lilnii I'aclllc Hallway. Chenji Kx-
.curalon Hates made from all Paclllc Coast .points.
OH, IF YOU are goine Bast take your,
Tickets by the "Imperial Limited"
and spend a day or two al our
mountain resorts. You will benc.lt
by lt nnd enjoy lt.
Apply to any Canadian Pacific Railway Agent or to
_..\1. (.OYLE,
A.G. T.A.
Vancouver, B. C.
Ticket Agent,
428 HiibtingK St.,
Vancouver, H. C.
fecial Chea}) Excursions on All Lines of Travel,
Two Complete Exhibitions Daily, at 2 and fi p. m.  Doors open One Hour Earlier.
Vancouver, Saturday, Se|jt. 1st, l§®®
Reserved numbered seats nnd adiuis-jions Show Day at tlie 'McDowell, Atkins,
Watson Oo.'s Drug Store, corner Hastings and Homer Streets. Unlike other Shows tho
prices Jit Downtown Offices are the same us charged at Ticket Wagons on Show Grounds THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDA"!"* SEPTEMBER  Tho rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a wonl, but no ad. will be inserted for less ��han 23 cents.  Union Directory.  'VANCOUVER TRADES ANTJ r_AlSOK  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; viee-  jiivsidem. J. Morion; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, V. O. Box 13��; financial secretary, F. Williams; treasurer. J. IVarey;  Ktalistlcian. W. Darts; sergcant-nt-arms,  3. Dodd. Parliamentary committee���Chairman, John IVarey; secretary, J. Morion.  Mieting-Pirsl and third Pi'lday In each  jiKiilh. a( 7.:*ii p. m.. iii Union Hail, corner  IJHinsmuir ami llonior streets.  "VANCOU'R 'TYPOGRAPHICAL. UNION,  No. 220. meets the last Sunday ln each  tnontli at Union hall. President, E. L.  Woodruff: vice-president, J. C. Marsliall;  necietary, J. F. Watkins; P. O. box 06;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Guss J. Dunn; executive committee���  Chairman. J. C. Marshall: Geo. Wilby,  C. 8. Campbell. G. T. Dutton. W. Arm-  THE NEW CHINESE ACT.  strong. Delegates to the Trades and labor council. J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.  STRBKT" HaTiAVAY JlION'S UNION-  ������ Meets second and fourth Saturday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall,-coiner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, Robert Itniat; vice-  president, VI. Vunderwarkc; secretary, II.  O. Thomas: treasurer, J. Jeiikinson; conductor. A. Russell; warden, G. F. Len-  festv; sentinel, John Paxman; delegates  to Trades and Laibor council: John Peary,  11. O. Thomas, Prince Perry, Jas. Barton,  Ceo., Lenfcsty.  ���RETAIL CLERICS' INTERNATIONAL  Protective Association, Local No. 2i9.���  President, G. B. Kerfoot; first vice-president J. R. Jackson; second vico-presi-  d(-nt,,J. Murray; recording secretary, W.  J. Orr, 317 Harris street; financial,, Mr.  J. White; guide, P. A. Meagher; guard,  Ii. Parent; treasurer, V>. McLean; Grievance committee, John Peters, T. A. Phillips, E. E.'C. Johnson; Trades and Labor  council delegates, John Peters, 13. E. C.  Johnson. P. A. Meagher; finance committee, P. A. Meagher, E. A. Tcetzcl. Meeting even- first and third Tuesday in, the  month, in Sutherland's hall, Westminster  avenue.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, Jas. JeGfrey; vice-president, Wm.  Barker; corresponding secretary, T. A.  liurman; linancial secretary, Wm. Taite;  tyler, Wm. Branlga. Meets every Monday  evening in tlnlon hall. .  "_  ���UNITED" BROTMl-JRHOOD OP CARPENTERS nnd Joiners-Meets every second and fourth Thursday in Union-Hall,  room No. 3. President. Wm. P. 'McKoii-'ie.  4S7 Ninth avenue; vice-president, Hugh  Wilson: secretary, A. E. ..Coffin, 730 Nelson Street: financial secretary, XV. Falconer; treasurer, Geo; Walker; conductor.  Benj. Carrol; warden, Jos Dixon: dele-  .gales to T. an'd L. council. Jos. Dixon,  ltolit. Macpherson, H. "Wilson.  Till-; PACIFIC COAST SHTNGI/E  AV'EAVBRS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each mon'lli nt ���". p. m. iii.Un-  iun Hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  stieet. RyJ. Neary, president;. R. E.  liiuve. secretary, box 7.VT, New Westminster   Visiting brethren  invited to attend.  INTl'.RN'ATIOiNAL ASSOCIATION OP  ���MACHINISTS���Beaver l'i>dgo. No. 1S2���  Meets second' and fourth Wednesday ln  each month in Union Hall. President, Will  iUaeClain'Y vice-president. Thos. Littler:  corresponding secretary, Wm. Beers. Ei  Richards street: financial secretary,, H.  McVety, 1102 Seymour'street.'   ���;���.���'.. ��� ���   ;;���  Meetings.  ". F 6. E.���'VANCOUVER AERIE NO. fi,  F. O. E., meets every Wednesday night,  -end second Wednesday only of the months  of July, 'August and Septcm/ber. Visiting  memlbers welcome. H. XV. Findley, W.P.,  Province office;' S.' R.' Robb, , W.. S.,  World oflice." ','*"'.' ;���'   Y  l^6T1."'.,"m^-i^oVal THINE FOR;  EVER lodge, No. 7392, 'meets every second and fourth Tuesday Jn tlie month in  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner; of  Elaatlngs street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. G.; R. XV.  Partridge, secretary.'.. Y YY;  The new Dominion Act respecting the  restriction of Chinese immigration, which  gees Into force on the first day of January, 1301, has been received by the local  Customs otiicials. This Act provides for a  tax of .*100 upon "every person of Chinese  origin, irrespective ot'allegiance," except  these entitled to exemption, such as (i)  members of tlie Diplomatic Corps, and  their servants, consuls and consular  agents; (ii) "Children born in Canada of  parents of Chinese origin, who have left  Canada for educational or oilier purposes;" (lii) Merchants, their wives nnd  children, tlle wives and children of  clergymen, tourists, men of science nnd  students who shall prove their status to  I lie satisfaction of Hie Coutrollir or  pioper ollii'ial.  Clause IS of llu. new Act extends the  time of absence from Canada which persons of Chinese origin are entitled to avail  themselves of,, without becoming limbic to  Pay the tax again upon re-entry, from fi  to 12 months, Tlie Act requires the per-  sru so wishing to leave Ihe country, to  provide the Customs authorities wilh full  details of Ids destination, proposed date  of sailing and return, also route of travel  and demands, that description, with name,  residence, .occupation, etc.,. oi the^ said  person, be kept ln a register, set apart  for that purpose.  The other clauses or. tlle Act aro similar to those of the one at present In  force and provide that "no vessel bringing Chinese Immigrants to a Canadian  port shall carry more than one such immigrant for every fifty tons of its tonnage." Tlie penalty for infringing this  section is .200 for each Chinese carried  in excess. The conductor in charge of a  railway train Is "held responsible for the  payment of tho tax in respect of any Immigrant brought ln on his train, and for  the due reporting of such to. the authorities. .,, ���   <���   "...  No pauper or person likely to become a  public charge, Idiot or Insane person, or  any suffering from, loathsome, infectious  or conta'gious,diseases is to be allowed to  land.  Tlie master of a vessel or conductor of  a train, who allows any Chinese Immigrant to land before the tax is paid, or  who makes any false statement respecting the number of such persons brought  into the country by Ills vessel or train,  etc., renders himself liable to a fine, not  exceeding ?l,0o0, and of not less than  SCOO, in addition to the1 payment of the  tax. nnd, in default, to be imprisoned for  a term not exceeding 12 months and the  vessel or vehicle in question shall be forfeited. Anyone aiding the evasion of the  reqiilroments'or the Act. is also liable to  imprisonment, or to a fine of ijSM or to  both. y  He did not know -whether' this would  be good or not. One alliance he would  like to see among lSntrllSlimeii and  Americans, was that they should help  each other to create just laws, hap-'  piness and prosperity. Let us do this  and we. should 'build the bulwarks of  liberty, against which the gates of H.ell  should not prevail; not build navies  and establish armies to conquer the  world. John Ruskin says: "Men and  women must not be bought and sold;  neither must land, nor water, nor air,  such things being necessary to the subsistence of man's life."  barber shop. Hastings street.  Ton    barber    shop,    Hastings  .��� UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops In Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  .1. H. Stevens' burlier shop. Pender  street.  Elite  Bon  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Htirvle & Ellis, Cambie sueei.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  Smalley's Bark'.r Shop, Cordova,  street.  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The Whittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  'Ol'K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  .C.  D. .Morgan,  Mount Pleasant.  SUIBSCRIBS    FOR!    THE  PENDENT, $1.25 * A TEAR.  INDE-  Subscribers not receiving tljglr paper  will kindly notify   The   Independent.  Did you get a new subscriber for  The Independent this week. If not,  why not?  ���Do you take The Independent? When  other papers fail to support your cause  in time of trouble It will fearlessly  speak the truth for you.    '  mingling Bros.' great circus represents an invested capital of $1.7)0,000  ���more than twice tlle amount invested  in all other clrcusess ln the United  Stales.  In the' published list of subscribers  to tile Labor Hay celebration fund the  nnnif appears of "\V. Stanley White,  lint. $2.ii0." ill should .be "Stanley  White & Co..  hat,  $2.00.  THE  LABOR  PLATFORM.  SINGLE TAX.  Real Estate.  -'���V. Y.REAL ESTATE SNAPS.  .YHOUSEAND-TWO. LOTS' ON   FAIR-  VIEW, "seven rooms, nice garden; fenc-  cdi sheds in rear: only $130; easy���lcrms;"-a  torgalri" worth  looking up.  T.; .Mathews,  ���ir? Hastings Street." ���'-���������'<���  HOUSE AN'D LOT ON. BARNARD ST.-  seven rooms, in good repair; price $M0:  termsYo arrange. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.     ���'���";     *    "     ������"���'  TWO .LOTS  ON  TRAMY   LINE-Corner  Venables  and   Park  Drive;   size  ;Bxi:i2;  price $125 each. T. Matliews. 417: Hastings.  FIVE   LOTS   ON   GRAND  VIBW���ONE  block from; Tram line; only $00 per lot.  These are snaps. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings iStreel.  nVK'-ACRE.  TR'ACT-ON    VICTORIA  road���About three miles.from the City;  Bood  soil;  easilyvcleared;  only ��100.     T.  Mathews, 117 Hastings Street.  T_OTON NELSON STREET���Fine view ot  .  English   Bay;  only  $723;  a  bargain.  T.  ^Mathews,^dU-JJastliigs^Si.ree.t,,,,,,,;,,,^.-,-,,,-  To Let.  TO   LE'I'-CLI_A.N. ��� WI'iLL     FURNISHED rooms for light housekeeping, suites  of two, $5 and fS per month. Apply room  19, 220 Keefer Street.  LABORERS  UNDERPAID.  A recent despatch from Quebec says  ' thai .MrY-D. .1. O'Donoghue, ol' the  Federal iDepnrtnient of Public Works.  .was 'In llie clly on Saturday as a result of a notllleation sent to the Government by the .Trades and Lnbor  Council of Quebec. This iiotillcntlon  was to tiie ofl'eet thin the men work-  Inr on itlie Citadel and other Government repairs were nut being paid Ihe  current wages. .Mr. O'dJonoglnie, who  4s the Government's special commissioner In these mutters, cunic down to  investigate the charges, and after  making minute enquiries, reported.that  masons, stonecutters and laborers  were getting -from .25 to 50 cents a day  Uss than is generally paid in'Quebec.  ���"Yi'ih.n two hours after .the despatch  wo), sent a reply was received from  Ottawa stating that the contractor"  had been notified to advance the rate  "immediately wkh bock pay from,the  -1st of August, ������'���..  ,..,������������ ��� Y '��� , Y   ,       ���'���������'��� ���   ��� '        ;   ���/::,'.  The Rev. II. S. Bigelow, of Cincinnati, lectured at the First Congregational Church Monday evening, on  single-taxing. He commenced 'by stating that tlielaws of Theology had given nlace to the laws of science. There  was a time wheu'men needed miracles  to prove to them Dhe presence of divinity: now it is the reasonableness of the  "natural;.t.i'der that supports 'our. faith  iri God. The age of. faith In miracles,  faltli in signs'and wonders, 'has ffbhe.  but not faith 'in God's 'laws.. .Then.'.nien  believed in ..a'.capricious God,. 6ut'.:t'o-  day we''.believe '���ih\,a God ;Whose '.win  Is; revealed in the,'open'" Book;', a> .God.  Who is no'respecter of persons;*a Godi  Wbose.'Urws are justice and truth and  righteousness. Which is better,1 to believe in wonders Which man, cannot  understand, or, believe in a God Wlio  works by natural laws? Laws of science  unknot the result of a violation of nature's '.."'laws. People believed that the  plagues and other diseases','were sent  as a visitation from God; now men  know;.that if they study and obey'na1  Hire's laws, they are not visited 'by  such ���calamities':''.. It" a savage' was  brought down from; the wilds,'and was  to b&hold one of our street-ears, he  would look in wonder, at it being-propelled by no" visible force,' and would  (all (lown1 and -worship it., as a. miracle  worked by a Supreme'being.  The lecturer.thenwent on to(saythat  the cnly difference between .'the "''old  chattel slave, .and^ the industrial community of to-day, was that the slave  was always sure of a job; the old chattel 'slave was^always sure of his keep:  but the free-man is not sure of hig  wage; the free-man of to-day is, the  chattel of 'franchise and political .'power, the lc-gul means of ..Improving'.his  existence. A man cannot, long, retain  hisjpolit'ica.) independence unless he secure .'that ���political independence, to ensure him industrial freb'dom. "It' was  staled that slaves 'we're not bought and  sold, 'but that tlie man Only handled  Ihe legal power to command' the slave.  If a man has the right to command the  labor of 'a man, then that man1 is a  slave. This; results in poverty, the  fruit of the social system. Drink is  righteously a visitation from God1, a  visitation to make a man respect himself. This is not poverty; a man who  is able to spend his money in this Way  is nol poor; it/is- the man who cannot  get work, who is poverty-stricken.  Mr. Bigelow staled that the object of  ;the^-sin��lo��tax^was-to=prevent^a=man'  from getting wealth without earning  .it, to abolish laws which give men  power, to do Ibis. We 'want to give  poor and rldi people alike the control  of the products of their labor. There  ���are two ways of getting rich In this  world. One is to perform some valuable service; '.a man who invents some  useful machine: a man with this ability may make money. When a man  gels rich In this way he enriches others. Tills is laudable. The other way  Is lo get rich by securing some unjust  advantage; taking advantage of some  law of the state by which he secures  rlclicM wltliniit ii-lng any ability. Holding vacant land; buying II cheap, and  when It 'becomes valuable selling It;  receiving money without giving service iu return.  'I'lie law which Allows a man to hold  land nnd sell II al un Increased value  Is palpably it violation of right, and  gives a man unjust advantage of his  neighbor. Somebody has to pay for this  Increased value, and an Instance Is given of a piece of land being sold ln A'an-  couver for $20,000 more than was originally paid for lt. This Increase must  have conic out of somebody's pocket.  Another lot was purchased from tlie  Government for $200, and is now Valued at $50,000.  The speaker said that there was a lot  of talk about an,Anglo-Saxon alliance.  At the 1S9S session of the Dominion  Trades and Labor congress held in  Winnipeg, tlie following plaform was  adopted. We would especially commend it, to the consideration of the  workers of British Columbia at the  present time: v- .  . ^_  1. Free compulsory education,  2. Legal working day of eight hours  and six days a week.  3. Government inspection of all industries.  4. The abolition of the contract system on all public works.  5. A minimum living wage, based on  local conditions.  6. Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telegraphs, waterworks, lighting, etc.  7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on industry and inci easing It on land  values.  .- S. Abolition * of 'the Dominion senate.  9. Exclusion of Chinese.  10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, oir all  government, supplies. _'    "  11.-Abolitio'n'of child labor by children under 14 years of age; and of female labor'jri; all branches of Industrial' 'life;' 'such', as mines, workshops,  factories; etc..' "���   '  '12. Abolition of property qualification  for all public offices.  : 13. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes. Y  14. Proportional representation and  the cumulative vote.  15. Prohibition of prison labor in  competition with free labor.  Kodaks  All tlio now   stylos  fit     MaXUI'*A<.TU1.J_.I.K'  Tuicks, from $2.50  up. Send for catalogue of photograpic  supplies.  Chas. Woodward Co.,  KORME11I.V C WOODWARD. I IMITFIV"  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  Mail Orders Solicited.  LADIES' PALL HATS, all the latest styles. Tlle Contingent at S1.73  One of tho best sellers. v  RiVI'IES' nONNBTS. In silk and easlinicro.  SW'WATEHS   FOR   MEN*  AND HOYS, from SOc to $2.00.  Trie SA'ILOlt HATS  FOR  HOYS now 50c.  We are placing hi stock the Empress Shoo for women.  ���.1.00 and   .l.!i0.  Plags for Labor I_,iy, 10c doz.  erica n Flags.  Wilndsor  and   Newton's   Paints, full lino. Also artists' material"  Lunch llaskets. Lie, 20c, 23c, .li'c and Mc. "  Sehool Hooks, all kinds, low prices.  ���SOAPS���Pears' unscented. 10c rake; Pears' shaving sticks, 2.1c; Vln-  olia soap, 'ile cake; pine tar, Ze rake; .Mechanics' Tar Soap, two cakes  for V<e; Old III own Windsor, 25 cakes for 2"ie; Woodward's Soothing  Skin Soup. Thi�� Is gunranteed to be pure soap, not Injurious to thu most  tender skin,  an  excellent soap for Infants, ice cake, 3 for 23c.  "MAIL ORDERS llECBlVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  B8��88gS8ggSS8SgggggSSggggSSggggSSSgg8ggS8gS8Sg8��g8B8  up,  Canadian  Flags,  prices, ?3.30.  Jacks and Am-  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  HOOKS, STATIOXEUV, 1'IIOTO SUlTJ.lnS, ETC.,  1J1S Coulovn Stieet     -     -     Vancouver, II. C.  If you want your  eyes te. teil cull on  our dm'tor of op-  ties. He will tot  free of eliHrKe.  I*\vin��nN linos.,  Tlie .Jeweler.  AMERICAN FEDERATION  OF  LABOR  PLATFORM.  1. .Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the Initiative and referendum.  ... 3.   A legal work day of not more than  eight hours."  4; Sanitary inspection of workshop,  mine and home.  fi. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or lite.  6. The abolition of the contract system in all public; works. '  7. The abolition of the sweating system. '_..    ,; ."���:.'.'  8. The municipal ownership of street  cars, waterworks, gas and electric  plants for the" public distribution of  light, heat and power.  ��� 9. Tlie*nationalization of the telegraph, telephone, railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substitution therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen incorporated in the federal and  state laws of the United States.  12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct Issu-  aiice___0-and_by_the people. ^  Vancouver to New  Westminster and the  Fraser River.      ��*      j*  A BKAUTIFUL TRIP ON THE MAG-  "     NIFICENT ELECTRIC CARS.  Leaving Carrall street every hour,  from 7 a. m. till 10 p. m. (Saturday  and Sundays, 11 p. m.)  Last car from New Westminster, D  p. m. (Saturdays and Sundays, 10  p. m.  ���FARES���Single,  35 cents;  return,  60  cents.  SPECIAL    SUNDAY    EXCURSIONS.  Tickets for sale at office only.  ROUND TRIP, FIFTY CENTS.  McLennan,  McFeely ���� Co.  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  MMJk^ ||arcj^vare  SOLE AGENTS FOR: Electric Rubber Belting:; Beardmore  Double and Single Leathe r Bolting; jrajesftic Ranges; Jaineb  Stewart's Wood Stoves; Valentine's Varnishes and Colors; Fair-  bank's Scales; Giant Powder Company's  -s Dynamites-  **       j  Also the Registered Brand.of   SUNSET  Axes,    Saws,     Shovels.  Spades.  Cutlery,   Razors. Hammers, Hatchets, etc.  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  1 1  Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.  A GOOD VIEW  I*. C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., LD.  J. BUNTZEN,  Gen. Mgr.  THE  DIRECT LEGISLATION.  Direct Legislation���Law-making by  the voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The Referendum���The vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, if petitioned for by a percentage of the voters, or any law passed by .1 legislative body.  Proportional'Representation���A plan  of nominating.awl electing legislators  and executives wlilch shall voice the  exact choice ot the voters In proportion  to their nniivrlcai strengili.  The Imperative Mandate���The right  to vote out of otilce through the Initiative and Referendum any onielal who  fulls to perform his duty.  is the only paper west, of  AVinnipeg that gives tlie  WHOLE news, without  exaggeration in connection with live labor matters. Its columns are  also open to all who have  the cause of labor at  heart.  Don't You Think So?   lLy_oii_do,_wliy_(loiilt_you  W. T. FARRELL,  lCniploynient cixid General Auent,.  l?eal Katute unci IxiHUr.-inou nrolcet-  Arcliltcctunl Plans   and   Per. iiectives ' '  ������ ���    Prepared.  1'arin nnd Timber I.nnds, _.UKiuc(.s and Ref-i  dentitil City Property for sale. Special intention given to selling and' routing liou.e unit  .stove properly; rents collected; eipeileuecd  valuator.  Seme men are well clothed from ono  point of view, but you see them at another angle, and their clothes are full of  wrinkles and crudity speaks in all linos.  WE UNDERSTAND HOW TO CLOTHE  OUR CUSTOMERS so that back, front  or side view Is equally correct and elegant.  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordova Street.  Special Sale  subscribe? It's not much  ���a   mere  drop  in   the  bucket-  bits!  -one dollar two  Does a starving man have spiritual  Joy? Is a. famishing Christian lllled  ���with religious fervor'.' Who can tell  ���us. positively that the soul of man, In  which .thought, emotion, sentiment nre  supposed lo take their rise. I.s not fed  by the baker? Is It not, after all. a  mistake lo suppose lhat the ministrations of a clergyman nre sacred and  those of the baker only secular���San  Francisco "Social Problems."  SUBSCRIBE     FOR'    THH  PE.VDENT. $1.25 A TEAR.  INDE-  Wlicit About Advertising?  Well, if you waul (o  reach (lie brawn and  sinew of Vancouer and  the outlyingdistricts, the  only medium that guarantees good substantial  support from the men  who toil is the  men's organ���  THE INDEPENDENT.  $3.50 ��* $3  HSTS~  -f *n**-r��  $  2  To Clear Off Stock bo-  fore   we   open   the  Xew Goods.  Unoni 7. TUompHon-Ogle Hlock,  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  The-  ���  E  joooooooopocooooooooocoooo;  Having the Only Up-to-Dntu Grill Itoom Q-  in 11. C. wlilch in itself is a Kiiamuteu &���  of 11 Pirst-Chiss Hotel ititdlte&ttiiirtiut . .   O*  O  3O0COO>  Seymour Streoet,  ���J0 Cuiino'.'A  STI'.Kl.-l.  R. ROBERTSON.  Wines. Liquors and Cigars  670 Granville St., Vancouver  ���    Telephone "Mi  NOTICE.  We aro again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination witli the highest marks in Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of 'the Schools or tlie undersigned.  Tlie ll.ll.A. Vogel ('oiiiHimi.il (.ollt'gc  P*'.'o'.  .Box 317. 'Vancouver,  B.'C;  Labor Day  If you want a Fluat, a Banner  or any kind of a Decoration for  the big Celebration, be sure and  call on  THE  ^-^  Q lobe Sign Work^  .311 Homer Btrect, Vancouver.  Thoi. SiiAiir, Manager.  WE ATUil SPECIALISTS.  The First Labor Taper published in the interest of . .  0 labor and we are the First  0 Store to serve the public -  ��The Cheapest Reading'  ��iuVancouvei , ������  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and i  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings ancT  "14 Arcade  . -i". .to 1   ' - ��� :��� ���:���! -"   ii.!_uv 1  or other liKlit articles at verv reasonable'  L? ,rates.  AU.SBIN.&. WRDAK.-.OOU'owe'lSL


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items