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The Independent May 26, 1900

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 ����� ^^lWSc*i��asiw����'4��:^ii r-gasaa^jgaa^*^^^  33  R. G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Glassware, Fancy  Goods; Plated Ware, Lamp  Goods. Cutlery and  Supplies.  406-408 Westaiinster Ave.  DICKSON'S "'c'SJS,^  Coffee Roasters nnd Grimlers.  To get a cup of delicious iirnnuitie-  e'offe'e, it slmulil be fresh  rousted und  ground us needed.  Try Dickson's lusr.  33 Hastings St. East..  Ability. / .     Tlioiie e31. Pluck.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MAY 20, 1900.  NO. 9.  INDEPENDENT LA'BOl* CANDIDATES.  -4  Vancouver���Dixon and Williams.  '    Esquimau���Peutt.  Nanalmo City���Smith.  Nanalmo North���Dixon.  Nanalmo  South���Rntcllffe.  ^SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE CAM-_  | .    PAION FUND.  Subscription to the campaign fund  Will be thankfully received at this office: ���.''.....   i Y  The Independent.... ..?10 00  Uollerinakers' Union : 10 00  ��� H. C. Falconer..   ..  .'.' .10 00  AiFriend..  ..  ..  ..  .;    5 00  Chas. Queen.. .. ..  .. '  .,   t> 00  aw./Iilttle.. ..'  ..' 3 00  J. H. Watson    .1 00  O.Caldwell .'    2 00  TWENTY-FOURTH  MAY.  The championship- intermediate lacrosse' match at Nanalmo was won by-  Vancouver, seven goals to Nanaimo's  one.  The excursion to Nanalmo was a  ���big success, some 600 taking it In.  Firteen or 16 cars of passengers went  on the excursion to Agasslz. A most  enjoyable time Was sspent.  A record attendance was at the  liorsc races at Hastings park. Tho  races were good.  The sports at Brockton Point were  well attended.  Attend the meeting of the Independent Labor Party at central committee  rooms to-night.  FUNNY, ISN'T IT?  l'ho people own and operate the post-  til system.  Tho people own and operate the judiciary system. ���  The people own and operate the fire  system.  The people own and operate the  Streets, highways and bridges.  The people own and operate the tax  system.  -The people own and operate the prison system.  ���Hut the fools, who suggest that the  railroad and telegraph should be added  are too crazy to be allowed to run at  Barge. Funny, isn't It?���Appeal to  Iteason..-. t-i���, .-..,-.���.....���.- ���,:.  WHAT'RALPH SMITH SAYS  He Returned from the Interior After  o ...  a Successful Tour.  Prospects lor the Independent labor Parly Are  Bright ��� Ihe  Eight-Hour Day  established. /!  Ralph Smith, president ot the Dominion Trades and Labor Congress, returned on Friday from a tour through  the interior In the Interests of the Independent Labor Party. Speaking of  the prospects of success he said that  the feeling is very'strong in every  centre in favor of the labor movement. At ltevelstoke a labor candidate  was nomintded last Saturday night in  the person of Mr. Thomas Craig, a carpenter of that place, and the party  candidates are seriously alarmed at  the good prospoets of the labor movement. At Nelson Mr. John Houston, a  member of the Printers' union and  editor of the Nelson Tribune,, is in the  Held, and is certain of election. This  may be accounted for from the **aet  that John lias always had the entire  sympathy of the trades unionists.' In  some places candidates of the parties  are being endorsed by the trades  unions, which means that the next  House will he made up to a large extent of men who are more or less in  sympathy with the unionists, which  means also that the independent labor  movement is taking a flrnu hold  throughout the province, and political  organization along this line will take  place Immediately.  Speaking of the trades unions In the  interior Mr. Smith said that they  seemed to be in a healthy condition  and their ranks were continually being augmented by new members. The  eight-hour day is now an established  ed Institution and, he was glad to'say,  all   friction lias ceased.  COMMITTEE MEETING. ���  ��� A Committee meeting of the Indepen  ���dent Labor Party was held Wednesday  "night in Union hall, Homer street,  There was a large attendance, and Mr.  J. H. Browne was in the chair. Mr. C.  "IV. Knight was'elected Secretary. Tlie  following Committee was elected:  llessrs. Browne. Knight. Rumble, Law-  son, G. Hunt, Sr., C. McDonald, P. C'al-  lis, II. Buckle, W. B. Hughes, J. Wo-t-  "klns. R. Fletoher, J. Watson, M. Little,  ��?. S. Campbell, W. F. Russell, J. Mor-  Tisey, J. Cosgrove, S. Gothard, G. Hunt,  Jr., W. Hunt, Jr., George Wilby, R.  Mi>rrlson, G. Bartley, W. C. Rollings,  I'. Moran, W. Blackmore, W. J. Har-  Jier, J. Sheriff, T. Dodge and J. Pearey.  CORROBORATED.  ���"The Socialist orator was on his soap  "box on the corner. He was picturing  the corruption In political life Inevitable under capitalist rule. "Look at  the political machine in this city," said  ��i��. "It Is in the hands of the most  Ignorant and disreputable members of  "the community."  "You're, a liar," yelled out an auditor, who had a job in the custom  "house.  "There's a gentleman who corroborates my statement," quietly remarked  the speaker.  TVA'IJL PAPER.  "We are up to date in the latest de-  Jlfligns for both American and Canadian  kiA'all papers.   We also carry a full line  Jot stationery, school supplies and the  latest  hooks and    periodicals.  Payne  I Stationery Company,    printers,  booksellers and   stationers,    14G    Hastings  I etrect. -     _===_-_  ORA1MD EXCURSION.  ! Those desirous of having a good outing on Sunday should not miss the excursion on the-steamer Glenora, leaving Stlmson's wharf at 2 o'clock p.-m.,  Kiindny, May" 27th; Cor Boron's ranch,  ^Jorlh Arm.  TWO-EDGED. "' '  Martin���That man culled me n llnr  .���and' a rascal. Would you adlvso me  ' to ehnllonBe him?  . Cotton���By all means. There Is nothing nobler than to light for the truth.  MONDAY NIGHT'S MEETING.  YRalph Smith,  who has bean in the  interior organizing the party will tell  of the work done.  Ralph Smith ami Messrs. Dixon and  ��� tWllllams will upcak.  The ''Independent Labor party have  ���adopted  as  tlielr color a  pure white  iirlbboii, with red printing thereon. The  labor party Is the only one that could  /consistently use white���It   being em-  Jjlematle of purity.  , .   The Independent Labor   party have  1/ opened committee rooms in ward V, at  corner   of Westminster   avenue   and  "Westminster road.   Everyone invited.  The central committee rooms of the  Independent Labor party are on Hast-  ings'street,' near V3. P.. R. track.   '  LABEL ABUSES.  For the present the union label can  be abused. Like any other good thing,  It can be perverted. An employer can  take advantage of the unfamlllarlty of  a customer and show him a bogus label or assert that a manufacturer's  trade mark is the union label.- .He can  sell union made goods and still grind  down his employees without letting  those .who pat.rQnize.him. know .about  it. It is not enough to encourage  the union label���It should be backed  up' by union salesmen and boomed by  agitation.  ' The greatest abuse of the label Is the  inactivity of those whom it represents.  Here is a business question. There Is  un apparent timidity among union  men to ask for the label, to urge their  families to ask for it, or to boom it  among their friends. It Is not a mere  sentiment, this label agitation. -The  label stands as the representative of  unionism. If demanded by union men  it will do Its work, but it can accom-.  plish little by Itself. Tho more widespread the demand for the label tho  greater the knowledge of the advantages of unionism, the easier the Introduction of union made goods and consequently the stronger the union and  the higher the union scale. The success or the union label demands radical action. Halfway methods will only  retard its usefulness. Don't be afraid  to ask for the label, and to urge others  to ask for it, unless you are ashamed  of the union and unwilling to earn  better wages.  Another bad abuse is found in the  fuel that goods bearing the label may  lie put UP in non-union packages, sold  by non-union clerks, delivered by nonunion wagons, and put to non-union  uses, while the union label is exploited  al! the way through. The use ot the  label should be thorough. "Push it at  every point. Never forget that where  the union label finds a new place there  will be encouragement for better wage  conditions, less danger of strikes, more  enlightenment among employers and a  general Improvement of the condition  of the wage, worker and his family.  Ask for the label.���Appeal to Reason.  acted as porter and general assistant.  Judged by the deep and serious interest which he took in the house, he  might have been clerk, lessee and proprietor, rolled Into one. At about 6  o'clock In tlie morning Mr. Jefferson  was startled by a violent thumping  on his dooor. When he struggled Into  consciousness and realized that he had  left no "call" order at the ofll'ce, he  wus naturally Indlgnnnt. But his sleep  was spoiled for that morning, so he  arose, and soon after appeared before  the clerk. "See here," he demanded  of that individual, "why was I called  at this unearthly hour?" Y  "I don't know, sir," answered .the  clerk, "I'll ask Mike."   ,  The Irishman was summoned. Said  the, clerk: "Mike, there was no call  for Mr. Jefferson. Why did you disturb him?"  Taking the clerk by the lapel of the  coat,-.'the .Hibernian led hirn to one  side and said, In a mysterious whisper: "He was shnoring loike a horse,  sor, land Oi'd heerd the b'ys say as  how he were onct afther shlaplng fur  twlnty years, so Oo sez to mesllf, sez  Ol, 'Moike, it's a coomlng onto him  ag'ln, and it's yer July to git the  crayther out o' yer house instantly!"  DEMAND THE LABEL.  The intelligent plea for the use of  the label is that of patriotism. Every  notion that will advance the material  Interests of the masses Is patriotic.  The constant advocacy and demand  for the label will Increase wages, and  for proof of this see the Influence of  Mie blue label of 'the cigarmakers.  Wherever it Is used the highest wages  In the craft are paid, and wherever it  is not used the contrary is the rule.  Since the Introduction of the label the  advance in She wage of the cigarmakers has been steady. What is true of  this industry; what has been accomplished for the cigarmakers may be  accomplished for every other craft or  calling where the label can be used,  if only a steady and constant outburst  of patriotism is expended in t'hls direc'-'  tlon. To shoot fire crackers, shout'  one's self hoarse and vaunt "old glory"  accomplishes nothing If not accompanied by constant action in the line of  patriotism. Increasing the prosperity  of the masses of. its people is true patriotism, and in the constant demand  of t'he label of free American labor the  prosperity of the people is advanced  and Increased. The label is a certificate of the best sanitary conditions,  of fair wages, of short hours, of good  work and of a'"contented, people, and  the outcome of all this is a higher civilization and -a. better citizenehp.- Tho  label le a protector of American industry, and it Is t'he only protector. ' No  article bearing a label issued by an  American federated trades can be  made on foreign soil and by foreign  workmen. It behooves'every American, lt he would be a good citizen,  looking patriotically to the welfare of  his country, and its people, to demand  the label on all occasions.���Exchange.  EAGLES' MEM OVER  The Place of the Next Meeting Will  Be San Francisco.  The Ollicers of Ibe Grand Aerie ol logics fleeted  lor tlie Cosuing Terra ��� tho Big  Banquet a Success.  NOTES CONCERNING WOMEN.  ~    ^THE UNIVERSAL LABEL.  An extension of the union label proposed Is the universal label. It is suggested to use a simple, common design  which shall show that the goods to  whlcli It Is attnehed have been made  throughout by union labor, thus avoiding the multiple use of different labels.  A universal label would also do a groat  den I to solidify organized labor and  promote the feeling of fraternity between different organizations. It would  be nt once recognized by all Interested  In union labor and would greatly advance the use ot the label for purposes  of agitation.  A universal libel would possess ninny  ndviiiitugus of consolidation. Advertising the label would be ..uniform' and  could be done on a large scale, thus  getting.greater returns for tho money  spent. It would advertise Itself better,  because, once ncqunlnted wllh the label  always acquainted. A man who asked  for union-made goods would know the  label even if he dld��not know anything"  of the union It stood for in that Instance. With a universal label there  would be no counterfeiting of the label  and no perverted use by its enemies.  HE ROUSED JEFFERSON.  Leslie's Weekly tells this story about  Joseph Jefferson: A number of years  ago he played a one-night engagement  in a small,Indiana town, appearing in  his favorite part of Rip "Van Winkle.  In the hotel at which he stopped was  art Irishman  "recently landed,"   who  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Sims' barber shop, Pender street.  Elite barber shOD. Hastings street.  Bon Ton' barber shop, Hastings  street. ��  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  iHarvie & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The Whittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. .K. Barber Shop, Hastings street  east.. ,  NAPOLEONON WELLINGTON.  The Century -.. quotes from Dr.  O'Mearn's unpublished "Talks With  Napoleon" at St. Helena this judgment  of the imprisoned Emperor on the general who finally overthrew him:.  ��� "I asked him if he thought Lord'  Wellington-merited the reputation he  ha^gaJiie_oY=ias-a=.generaI..=rHo=said:-  "���Certainly, I think he does. He is a  very excellent general, and possessed  of great -firmness and talent, but he  has not yet done as much as some  others./ He has not conquered upon so  Inrge a scale. I observed that he had  shown great judgment nnd caution latterly, but that at first'he had been too  precipitate In advancing Into Spain.  He said that he had shown a great  deal of ability In the campaign of  Spain. 'It is Impossible,' said he, 'for  man not to commit some faults. We  are all liable to It, and the general  who oenunlts the fewest In number is  the greatest general, nnd he has certainly committed ns few as any one.'  J then observed that still he was scarcely to he equaled to himself'. 'Why, certainly,' sold he. nio has not done so  much ns I have done. He hns not  conquered kingdoms In the manner I  have done, but he Is an excellent general. His operations have not been upon so great a scale.' "  ���The -principal., labors', of the Grand  Aerie of the Fraternal Order of Eagles  were concluded Wednesday night. Officers were elected for the ensuing year,  arid the place of meeting of the Jiext  Grand Aerie -was named as San Francisco. IMessrs. Chetham and Head  were the Grand Representatives from  the City of the, Golden Gate, and how  -well they did their work Is shown by  the naming of San Francisco as the  city of the next'meeting. Kansas City,  Biitte, Mont., and Astoria, Ore., v;erc  the other cities mentioned for the  Grand Aerie, but It was a forgone conclusion that San Francisco would receive the almost unanimous vote .that  settled the question.  .The following Grand Aerie officers  were elected:  Grand Worthy Fast President, John  Consldine, Seattle, No. 1.  -G. W. President, H. R. Littloileld, II.  D'��� Portland, No. 4.  G. W. Vice-President,    J.    Hughes,  Philadelphia, No. 42.  ���,'G.   W.   Chaplain,   Rabbi  Elsenberg,  Butte, No. 11.  ' G. W. Secretary, A. E. Partridg-e, Seattle, No. 1.  . *G. W. Treasurer, A. A. Brodeck, Everett, No. 13.  G. W. Conductor, R. Shaw, Rossland,  No. 10.  G. W. Justice, Colonel E. P. Edson.  G.  W.   Judge  Advocate,  Del   Gary  Smith, Spokane, No. 2.  G. W. Inner' Guardian, James F.  Chetham, San Francisco.  G. W. Outer Guardian, Edwin L.  Head, San Francisco.  In recognition of the valuable services of Colonel Edson, in compiling  the constitution, by-laws, etc., tho  position of Grand Worthy Justice was  created for him.  The Fraternal Eagle was endorsed  as the, oiTtcial organ of the Grand  Lodge.  iMr. J. T. Chetham, of San Francisco, Is held in very high respect by tlie  Eagles in the South, as he gathered together tho tagging ends of the Eagle  fabric in California after the Grand  Aerie meeting at Seattle, and wove it  Into a united whole. Ho Is the Deputy Grand President of the State of  California.  The other representative from San  Francisco was Mr. Edwin L. Head,  Worthy (President of the San Francisco Aerie, the first formed In California. He is cashier.of the Spring  Valley Water Company, the largest  water supply Company in the world.  Ho is a strong believer in and a most  ardent exponent ot tho principles of  Eagledom.  The banquet held on Thursday night  at the Alhambra was a big success.  The female mosquito has given a  bad name to the whole race���she alone  doing all the biting and stinging for  the family.  The less the sense, the less the worry  and the longer the life. An S0-year  old woman has been In Yarrabend,  Victoria, Australia, lunatic asylum for  51 years.  Professor Tyndall says that the- blue-  eyed woman ought to marry black-  eyed men. Unfortunately for professors, in these things we don't do as  we "ought," but as we like.  In order to encourage the attendance  of the naughty male sinners, tlie Baptists of Atlanta, Georgia, U. S. A., Instituted "maiden usners" to show the  congregation to their seats. The experiment exceeded expectations!  aaofiymdj.  The yarn about the Sydney lady who  said to Governor Beauchamp what a  blessing "those pills of yours" had  proved, is a chestnut originally told  about tho late Lord Beauchamp and  an American lady.  Man must really stand down. A  Kansas girl or 17 won-a prize In an  unusual contest the other day. She  was matched against the two most expert blacksmiths in the city, and to  their dismay turned out a perfect  horseshoe in less than four minutes.  Josh Billings wasn't a .woman's  Tighter. He said: "Whenever you see  a family with the woman at the head  ov it and a man at the foot, you will  find that the dauters, if they have got  enufr, will all prove shrews, and the  sons all.hen-huzzys."  Women are often supposed not to  have the mechanician qualities. But  they all run sewing machines as  though born to it, and Edison is quoted as saying that in tho Uiatter of  machinery women have more quickness and insight than men workers.  He accordingly employs 200 women in  his workshops.  The bicycle was used as a conjugal  corrective by the late Sultan of Morocco. If any of his wives had the misfortune to offend him they were compelled to ride round a track in the  palace garden; and, not being experts  in tho art of wheeling, their falls were  many and painful. The Sultan is said  to have derived immense amusement  from the sight.  The value of the gold unearthed In  Australasia last year amounted to  ��17,292,000.  IT MAKES RICH BLOOD.  Gold Seal old Elsen port, GO cents a  bottle���the best tonic you ever used.  Gold Seal Liquor company, 710 Pender  street.  Respecting the value of gold the  London Times says that If the output  of gold continues during the next ten  years on the average scale which present appearances suggest���namely,  ��60,000,000 to ��65,000,000 per annum���  the value of gold must fall.  ���   DIRECT LEGISLATION.  Direct Legislation���Law-making by  tho voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The Referendum���The vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, if petitioned for by a percentage of the voters, or any law passed by a legislative body.  Proportional Representation���A plan  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice of the voters In proportion  to their numerical strength   The Imperative Mandata-The right  to vote out of office through the Initiative and Referendum any official who  fails,to perform his duty.  american federation of la-  ...''��� bor platform:.  1. Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the ini;  Jiatlve^and^referendumr^=a~'  '"  3. A legal work day of not more than  eight hours.  A. Sanitary inspection of workshop,  mine and home.  E. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.  6. The abolition of the contract system In all public works.  ��� ��� -���  7. The abolition of the sweating system.  S. The municipal ownership of street  curs, waterworks, gas and oloctrlu  plants for' the public distribution of  light, heat nnd power.  9. The nationalization of the telegraph, telephone, railroads and mines,  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding arid substitution therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen incorporated in the federal and  state laws of the United States.  12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the people.  At Constantinople, .the mosque of St.  Sophia was built in the Tenth Century,  and the mortar which was used in Us  construction was mixed with musk.  Since then kingdoms have risen and  fallen, dynasties have flourished and  perished, but throughout the ages .the  scent of musk has .remained'in the  mosque of St. Sophia, without ever having been renewed.  According to the best estimates there  are about 10,000,000 acres of land in the  five states bordering the Kulf of Mexico well suited to rice cultivation. The  amount which can be irrigated by using the available surface and artesian  Hows does not exceed 3,000,000 acres,  and as best results require rotaitlon of  crops, only one-half that amount, or  1,500,000 acres, would be .in rice at any  one time.  PASTE THIS IN YOUR BOOT.  Canadian native wine is hard to beat.  We have a large shipment from one  of the best vineyards in the Niagara  distrlctv-just the thing for family use;  23 cents per bottle, ���'1.25 per gallon.  Gold Seal Liquor Company, 74G Pender  street, city.  The funeral of the late city diver, R.  T. Llewellyn, took place on Monday at  2 o'clock p.m., from Center & Hanna's  parlors, Cordova street. Among .the  large concourse of mourners we noticed ex-Aid. W. Brown, City Engineer  Tracy, Cam. McLeod, harbor-master,  arid many other .friends, including a  large representation of civic employees.  The pall-bearers were Messrs. R. Paul,  W. Hooper, J. Evans, W. Elliott, W-  Stevens, and G. Wright. The widow  and family have the sympathy of the  entire community, by whom the deceased was well and favorably known.  In China there is no fixed nomenclature���even the,country itself is without a name���and 'this lack of distinct  and recognised appellations was a frequent source of dlfllctilty, says "Harper's Weekly." Of personal Information from natives there was none obtainable on which any credence could  be placed. A Chinaman rarely travels  qr gets during his life more than a few  miles In any direction from the place  whore he was born. When trying to  procure Information concerning the Im-'  mediate locality It was no uncommon  thing to haven native, nml even sometimes men of local position, say: "Oh,  I have never been so far away as that,"  or, "I have never been across that hill,  nml so do not know what Is beyond."  Are you doing all you can for The  Independent? Don't forget that the  best.'way to reach those who tire  strangers Is to supply them with literature in which our Ideas are presented'  in a form attractive and accessible to  the average worker. The easiest and  cheapest way to do it is to pass your  cops- of The Independent to your  neighbor after you arc through with  It.   Subscribe for The Independent.  The Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners holds that societies  Whose funds tire available for the support ot their sick, infirm, superannuated, disabled, and unemployed members,  and for affording aid to families bereaved by deatli, have long beeriJ; the  pride of air intelligent men; and it will  be admitted that those who, rjy tore-  thought and self-denial, make such '  provision for themselves and families,  not only contribute to their social,  moral, and intellectual advancement,  but, by. strict adherence to rule and  discipline, acquire a knowledge of busi--  ness which qualifies: them rb"r positions  of responsibility, and trust.  Unhappily,    by a fluctuating   commerce, many who depend for, tlie necessaries of life on  their dally  toil  are  often deprived    of   employment,  but,i;  alas! in vain; returning to their homes",  with the too oft repeated words, "No  :  work again."   This continues until upon many an hone-st man's mind rests,  like  an   incubus,   the  thought:   When  and how shall 1 relieve myself of debt?  Debt, so much dreaded by every hon-,  est'woman,  wno    heaves    her lonely  slirhs and sheds her silent tears.   Debt,    :  the natural effect of which slowly but,  surely   deprives   of   self-respect, and'  changes many an honest man into a  dishonest one, after having, it may be,  for many long years struggiea to maln-::  tain his former character!   Devoid of  humanity must be t'he men who are  not willing to relieve these distresses  and   to   prevent   in  some   degree  this  wreck of character, by uniting to support their brother whilst seeking work',  but finding none.   The prolific charac- ;  ter of the Anglo-Saxon race rapidly increases   the population,    and    causes  many of the most Intelligent of our.;  skilled artisans to resort to emigration.   .  as a means of improving their social  position.  The inhabitants of the lands  of their adoption they are destined to  bless by stimulating their industry and  developing their commercial resources;  and thus the comforts and happiness,  of the people will become greatly augmented.   The Amalgamated Society of  Carpenters and Joiners offers a bond of  union to the trade In various parts of"  the world.   Although oceans may separate us from each other, our interests  are Identical: and If we become united  under one constitution, governed-/:! by Y  one code of rules, having one commoti- _  fund available wherever it may be re-'y'  quired, we acquire a power whioh,, if ��� /  judiciously exercised, will protect: otir  interests more effectually and will con- :Y  ;fer greater advantages than caripos-Y  sibly   be   derived   from   any    partial; Y  union.   Let those of us who know the//  .practical value of association, manifest!!. .'  our attachment to it by promoting its /  .advancement   with    energy, .and em- Y  brace every opportunity of making./itY  known  and   valued    by    those/whose   /  duty and  interest it is to  unite with.  us.   Doing this, we leave to future gen-  ,  eratlons the means of conserving their,  best interests; ��� trusting that our chil-   :  dren may see the universal establish--,  ment of productive and distributive co-i  operative societies, which already, give  promise of becoming   the   means;1 by  which workmen may    derive-greater  benefits arising out of their own in-   ;���  dustry.   But  we shall  be  faithless  to  our fellow working men if we omit to  record our honest conviction that this  much-to-be-deslred condition, must be" ���"  preceded     by    the    equally universal  spread of the principles    of economy  and sobriety, which would be accelerated by our meeting for business in. Y  public halls or "private rooms, wnere,  by the establishment of libraries, and  by listening to the voice of the lecturer  on all subjects connected with our in-������-���/''���  terests, we and our sons shall become;i  respectful  and    respected,    and make. ���'  rapid .progress in  the onward march.    J  of reform. ���"  FIRST OF JULY.  In all the excitement that Is going-  on, we should  not forget the First of  July  celebration.     The  Mayor should'  call a public meeting as soon as pos^J  ^slble.^and^have-a^strong^cbmmiftSe-  selected to look after our annual fes-.  tlvul.  .When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Telephone 1���2���3 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables. "���"  SHE NODDIT TO ME.  The following, which appeared Home-  time a-,-ii ion the' Ban 'Accord, a weekly  cevmic journal nubllslieil in Aberdeen, attracted the notice of the Queen,' and her-  niiijesliy wrote expressing a desire to be  furnished with the niiino of the author:.  I'm but nn tuilil body  Llvln' up in Devslile', ,  In a twaroom',1 'bit hoosle, l  \Vf a toofti' Inside', , ,  \\T my do and m.v (,-itinipliy  I'm an happy '�� a lioo.  Hut   I'm fur prootler  noo ]  Since ulie iioilillt to ��ie!  I'm nflo sac ifar iwst wi't���  I'm a.vo trig and ,hnli\   : -   .   .' .  Ciiii 'il.uii two. woo iwatles,  An look after my kail; >  Anil when oor Queen pnsnes  I'm oot to seo     ��� ' i  ttu\ by luck she mlcht notice  An noddit .(o mo!  -.. ** s> .  But I've aye been unlucky, ��� -  And the Winds were aye iloon,  Till last 'ivee-k tho time i  O he.- voesit cam' roon . ,  I waved, my bit ajiroa  As brlsk's I could due, J '  An the Queen luuch'd fu' kindly " ,  An' noddit to me I ��� . '���'  My Eon sleeps in Egypt��� , :  It's nao use to frelt���  An yet when  1 think o't  I'm salr hko to sxeot.  She may feel for my sorrow���  S'na'a a .mithcr, yo see���        ' ���  And maybe she kent o't ,    i  W'hen she noilii.t ao me!  6 ')  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUKDAY ...MAT 26, 1909  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO.  13AItTLBY.  rUBl.l.SHED   WEl-'ICIA*   IN   THE   IN-  TKltEST OF  OUtVA.NlSED IuVBOR  BY  THE 1NUEP1SNDRNT PRINTING COM-  1'ANV.  AT   312   HOMER'   STREET,  YElt,   11.   C,  VANCOU-  Sl.'HaCKIl'TIONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A vCVi'k, "> coins  months, ;���.-, cents;  one year, 51.2.".  month, M cents: throe  six  montlis, or,  cents;  ENDORSED   BY   THE   TRADES   AND  ���      LABOR COUNCI1,.  SATURDAY....   MAY 26, 1900  Platform of  Organized Labor.  Following is the Labor Platform  adopted by the Vancouver Trades and  Labor Council for the ensuing cani-  Buign.   Read it:  l.'That upon/ a petition being presented to the. Government, asking for  'the repeal of - the exiising Law: or the  enacting of a new law, the Government  shall be compelled to .take a plebiscite  and .repeal or ��� enact as, the majority  voting-may decide. ..The petition'.to be  signed by a .number equal to 10 per  !' cent, of the vote cast at the previous,  election... , ���������   .    .  2.-That eight hours shall constitute  -. a day's��� work, v    '���������".;���   ���  -3. That- the contract system on all  public works-be. abolished and a minimum wage, based on. local conditions  be paid.  ��� 4.   That no more public land be alienated by deed or Crown grant to corporations or individuals; but that it be  . leased in perpetuity subject only to a  fair, rental value.  Y .     s  '5. That all taxes on industry and the  products of industry be-gradually ub-  olished, ;and the,'revenue of the-municipal and Provincial governments be  derived,by a tax,on/land values. .  - 6. Free compulsory education; free  educational materials, and free maintenance, when necessary..  ���7. Government inspection of,all industries. ��������� ..: ,.' .  8. Public ownership of all. franchises, such as railways, -'telegraphs,  telephones and all'industries that'partake of-the nature of a monopoly:  ..' 9.' The Union Label on all manufactured goods supplied the'Government,  where practicable.'. -.'.��� :: . , ;.. ���,. >.���  ���10. Abolition of property . qualifica-;  tior? for all public offices, and no money  deposit-to be required when the.iea.iidi-.  date's-nomination is endorsed by 100  electors in cities and 50 eleotors in  rural districts. .'.���.-..".".'-���  "12.' Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.  13!   That a clause be inserted in all  charters granted by the Government,  =making-it=-necessarjr-tha'Ua=minimum,  ���wage of $2.50 aiday. be paid.  14. The total abolition of  Chinese and Japanosy immigration.  condition of the Old Country is such  as to gratify the men of the present  day and give larger hope for those of  the future. Notwithstanding the heavy  drains upon the public exchequer, necessitated, by the war in the Transvaal, the money market is, comparatively speaking, easy, and Croat Britain finds no dillioully In meeting the  exigencies which confront her. Under  ilH'Hi! cheering I'lrotimstances we might  well honor the Twenty Fourth of May  In this year of e-rnce, 1900, but the  Ltinr.v of the day and the reason why It  was mailc in the truest sense of the  wind a gnlu one arose, from the fact  that our all-coiii|tiering arms were nn-  nlhilitllng tho Huer forces, ensuring a  sl-jtinl victory for the Soldiers of the  Queen, Ludysmlth und Mafeking will  be written In letters of living light upon  the pages of history, attesting, the  prowess of Hint lighting nice which  has borne Innumerable heroes. The  name of General Roberts and the  brave officers and men under him will  never die, their fame rings 'round the  globe, and a nation's gratitude will  ever be theirs. When.peace reigns over  South Africa and the hard fought war  is brought toil close, thnt country will  learn something of the blessings of  British rule, and its people will look  into the past with feelings of horror  and Into the future with those of hope  nnd confidence. We did wpll then to  glorify the'anniversary, and to feel  proud that we. were subjects, held by  the silken cords of love of that great  Sovereign whose reign has been exalted, illustrious and beneficent. The  hope is, expressed that she.-may long  be spared to go in, and out among  her people displaying that ,rare.tact,'  which her recent visit to .Ireland exemplified and which,; by appealing to  the chivalric.instincts of that country,  did much, to cement relations between  'the.United Kingdom and Ireland, that;  should be of the happiest. Nowhere is  devotion to the throne and person,of  iller. Majesty ,-more loyal, and:.sincere  jihan in. the Province of British:Columbia, where universal and heart-felt is'  the-wish.and.prayer.   , ,.   ; . ..  GOD SAVE THE QUEEN.  of the candidates of the Independent  Labor Party.  . DIXON A"ND WILLIAMS.  A GLORIOUS 'RI-rfiN.  "Never In the history of the Empire  was the nnulversary of Her Mnjesty's  birth honored In a more enthusiastic  manner     than     on    Thursday     last  throughout  the  vast  ptiKsosslons  over  which   our  gracious   .Sovereign, holds  sway.   Were It only for her womanly  graces and the example which she sets  her sex of nil  races and climes, she  would deserve, the homage.ot those who  love the good,  the -beautiful and the  true.   But as a conslltutlonal'monarch  ishe outranks nil those wholn the seats  ot the mighty, govern the continental  powers and who wield vast .influence.  Freedom of thought   and   liberty . of  speech are the birthright-of iBrlt.ons,  whose civilization Is the highest and  best that the world .has ever known.  Under the fostering aegis of the Grown,  religion and education have gone hand  in  hand,  while science and art have  reached an excellence that would seem  to  be  unsurpassable.    The  industrial  VICTORY IN SIGHT.  Every  day  the chances  for the Independent- Labor. Party,  carrying  its  ticket brightens and the central com-  Imlttee rooms resemble a hive of busy  bees... It   is  Indeed  a scene  of  great  activity,  and every  member    of    the  committeejls regularly on. hand, something,  wci imagine,, that; none, of the  other parties can say.   From every direction, come assurances, of  suppoit,  and in at least three wards,- it is sate  to  gamble,   that Messrs.    Dixon    and  Williams  will  head  the poll.    In  the  others they will carry u. falr.ivole, and  if  the political  sky. does  not change  before the 9th  of June,  the prognostications now made that they. will, hold  seats in  the next house are sure to  be fulfilled. . We would, however, .urge  their followers, to .leave no .stone unturned    to    secure    their ��� '��� complete  triumph, and this maens; constant, un-  intertnittent work from, now on,.night  and  day.   The other parties are not  allowing  the  grass   to   grow   beneath  their feet and their example in this  regard should be followed. Every votei  favorable to the.candidature of Messrs  Dixon and Williams should1 constitute  himself  a missionary. in .the,  good  cause and endeavor to win; over those  who are lukewarm or are not acquainted with the, urgent necessity, for leaving the old parties and joining the new.  With the country Hooded with Chinamen and the Japanese coming in by  the steamer load, the workingman may  well   consult  his  conscience  and  ask  himself if he Is going to see the white  race  brought, down    to    the  level  of  coolies.and eventually  driven out  ot  employment.     A grave responsibility  rests upon every toiler who has a vote  at this time.  What is going to be done  about It?   AVe have supported candidates right along who made specious  promises to restrict.the Inllux of Asiatics and to bring In other legislation  calculated to remedy the evils under  which the working classes suffer.  And  ���trhat   have  they, acoinpllshed?     Tlio  statute books of the Province toll of  opportunities neglected���and  of  gross  negligence���Ihelr  pngos -nre 'blank so  far as relief for the mnsses   In tnon-  ccrned.   Their duty., then   Is   to  elect  men from their own ranks, in whom  they have confidence, who will nol he  swayed by monopolists und cupltnlluts,  nnd who will take a firm stand, never  wavering until they have succeeded In  accomplishing the objects  they  seek.  Messrs. Dixon and WIIIlamB are such  men, and in voting for <them resultB  may be expected'to be achieved of a  highly   satisfactory   character.     The  workingman-has been fooled long enough, it is,time for hitm.:to recognize  the situation -and, .'act ./accordingly.  When he goest to the ballot box he will  be  consulting his own Interests  and  those of his wife and family, to say  nothing of the general prosperity nnd  enlarged advancement of the country,  by exercising his franchise In support  A HERALD OF SUCCESS.  The meeting held In the Interests of  the Independent Labor Party in Ward  V. nn Monday night���the Inauguration  of ihe I'umpaign���was In every respect  tin unqunlllled success. Owing to the  storm, the number present wus not ns  huge as it otherwise would have been,  but It was a goodly gathering, and the  utmost harmony prevailed. The candidates, Joseph Dixon and Francis Williams, contented themselves with propounding Ihe party plulfonn and showing the reasons why Labor should have  representation In the legislative trails  ui* the province'. They did not indulge  In .personalities, us some aspirants, for  political honors do; they did not make  veiled Insinuations, a hundred times-  worse than the bold utterance of palpable untruths; they confined themselves strictly to the issues which confront the electorate at this time from  tin industrial standpoint, and in doing  so made out a strong case.    Had they  n  desired to do otherwise, they had a fair  opening mode for themselves, but they  chose rather to take the manly position  which characterizes those entering  public, lite who possess high alms and  lofty aspirations. The average politician has more his own ends In view  than those of his fellow-man, though  lie professes otherwise; the standard-  bearers ��� of the Independent Labor  Party, who sought not the honor, but  had the honor thrust upon .them, seek  the betterment of mankind, the uplifting ol the masses, the. passage of wise  legislation to those ends, and if our  statute books are to contain measures  based upon such humanitarian, principles, it can .only be through direct representation on the floor of the House  where the voice of Labor will be heard.  If it were necessary to prove that th2  meeting, .was a. unit im,favor of the  candidature of Messrs. Dixon and Williams, the influential committee appointed, not a man refusing, would afford that proof. .The/determination is  to light stubbornly, and cleanly -from  now on until the 9th day of June, when  it is confidently expected that''' victory,  will perch upon the party, banners.  THE NOMINATIONS.  We g*o to press before the nominations, close, and so are unable to.give  a list of. thcm.ibu.t.lt Is thought there  Will; be J2 candidates, /possibly 13, in  the field for legislative honors. We*  mention,this fact in, the present issue  of The Independent for'.,the purpose of  showing that if Labor stands true to  Itself and works unitedly it ought not  to be difficult ;in this workingman's  constituency., to elect both the candidates put up.by the Independent Labor  Party. Where things are so'mixed up,  personal considerations will go for. a  great;deal, among the:;varlpus tickets,  and they will be hopelessly split up,  giving the workingmen' the/chance of  their lives to have direct representation from, their ranks upon the floor of  the House. ..In order to ensure success  it will be necessary to vote THE  STRAIGHT TICKET and to poll every  ballot. Care must bo exercised in  making a,complete.analysis and scrutiny- of; the voters' lists and arrangements made to place every ballot in  the boxes at the earliest, possible moment. /.There ,wlll be work for all from  morning ,to night, and the���friends of  the, cause can well afford to  sacrifice . themselves for" one day  in,;so important ��� a movement, which,  if successful, would prove to be the entering wedge \to.ieven"better, things.  Meantime we'would.urge them to.induce the wavering and,those/who take  littic or no interest in matters ot such  ���rrnvo import .to. attend the. committee  meetings and those of >a more public  character, and enthuse them so that  ���they'~\viJ!ubu^found=.amongst-the_most  valiant warriors when the day ot battle comes.  successful termination of the'proceed-  incs of0this, its second,; annual convention, held in this city this week.  The street parade was oiie of the best  any secret society ever attempted to  carry out In the Far West, and great  credit is due the committee for theen-  ergy. displayed In this direction and  nlBO for the business-like way in which  nil the arrangements were cairied.out.  Some of the committee, especially Dr.  Mi'Gitlgan, W. II. Quann, HerbYFIhd-  luy and others, are old hands, ut celebration work, tind, as one of the Seattle delegates said, could give pointers  even to a Fourth ot July committee.  The holding ot this International gathering will, long be remembered.by; the  brethren, and others who,, assembled  here tor the occasion. Will the F. O.  E. be forgotten In Vancouver? Never!  Remember the time and the place.  Monday evening the 2Sth ihst. at the  Market: hail.  See that the union card is displayed  dn any barber shop you patronize.  The blue label on a. cigar is a guarantee tbat it was made in healthy surroundings.  RiCht will never rule this country  until, workingmen .dominate its poll-  tics. '  Hasten the day when labor organizations ���will be able to eliminate "strike"  'and "boyedtt" from their vocabulary.  Get there early and make such a de-  monstratlon as will show your  strength,; for this is the chance of a  lifetime.  Ask your delegates what the Trades  and Laibor council' Is doing. ..It,will  show them thait you take an interest  in: all union men's affairs., . ,  If in a closely contested race athwart,  the lea to escpae.electionito.the premiership, Joe Martln.should fall , over  his own feet and break his neck, could  Mr. Cotton or, Mr. Wilson be .Indicted  Cor. murder? ,,, ., ,.    y , , ,  Monday next, 28th May, Is the last  day to sigh the petition against Chinese and Japanese, at the rooms of the  Independent Labor Party and/the Conservative Party. All workingmen are  asked to' sign.  A big mass meeting of the Independent Labor Party will be held on Wednesday, June Cth.' Hon. Jos. Martin,  Q. C, Mr.,Charles W/ilspn, ,Q.C, and  Hon. Mr. Cotton, as-well, as Ralph  Smith wlllbe Invited'to speak. Messrs.  Dixon; and Williams .will also address  the /assemblage. s, ,  ,  Please 'mention' The Independent  when you write to firms whose, advertisements appear In our .columns.  That is an easy way of helping the  paper. Another good way is to induce  your friends to, patronize those who  advertise in : its columns, and, to men  tlon .The Independent also.  .( ���������:  era^.im. lQ(;:iindl;ol.lL dO-  So wear one of our new  PATRIOTIC  *' * i; i   t  and you will bo in lino. Wo  have them in innumerable  designs���Mac" and khaki effects in puffs, bows, knots and  four-in-hands,  25, 30, 50, 60 Cents.  tfO'CordovaSt,  ���COR. CAM1IIE.  '*'  A. ML TYSON,  WHOLESALE ANI1 ILCTAILUEAtEB'tN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  ��� "     'vegetables.'  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Sick People*  f *-"���,'���,������";   ��� ���'"  Pnrticuliirly the laboring man, want the  VUKY BEi*T'iiii!dlc'ne it is possible to  procure. WliyT Hiiwiuso it loeiins dollars to be kopt from work, through  cheap Kccoii(l-elas.H. drugs. Wu nso o-ily  tlio hbst, mid employ only akillud labor  In iUsjioiimi your iloeitorV I'ltKSOitll'-  TIOXS. No ki'iiU labor for iis."'*tVc do  everything on thu union principle.  SEYMOUR,  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COR. iSKYMOlW AN'I) ']IA'sT!N(iS''aTi!i"ET.-t  The First Labor Paper published in the interest of* .'������'.:  �� labor and we are the First  :�� Store to serve the public .  �� The Cbeabest Reading  ��in Vancouvofc, ... ���."--*'  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  .   Take One of our New Ones.    ,  GALLOWAY'S ..  '���"'��� 139-Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Just Arrived !  A Splendid Assortment  of Men's; Youths-and . .  Children's"^   TTTT^^i,, _  ��� ��� Clothing  -''���       In"the No've>8tStyl48iin*<l Colors.1 ' ���  STMLEY WHITE; & CO./  504 ^estiiiinst'dr Ivd;,     ''  "     '���   ���   " Vancouvea, B.G  Will buy a ,two7storoyed  house, iwith -alL modern  ,...���.,. ^. ������ .i ��� -��������� -r..^' improvements, on Harris  street, close *to- -Westminster avenue. For fulllpar-  ticulars apply to' ��� ���������       ������.������!!  f^ahon, M<rarlabd<^ Nation, Lfdj  o4'l Hastings Street.  This is a. changeful world. Not Ions  ago a large nuniher or,trade unionists  ���were-.very much.atraid o��. their unions  being broken up by, the, introduction of  politics. And now these same, people  assure us that their unions,will be destroyed if politics are not taken up by,  the.members of organized labor. Right  both times! It depends upon the-kind)  of politics, however.  THE   IJABOR' PLATFORM.  A GItEAT MEETING.  On Monday evening', the 28th iimt.,  the Market Hall will be the Hcene of  a rouBlnir meeting, when Htilph Smith  will appear before the electorate to advocate the cause of labor and to hup-  pott the candidature of lt�� Httindard  liettreru In this city, Mohsi-h. Dixon and  Wllllums, who will also nddrvKH their  flituro constituents... Mr., Jlalph Smith,  who occupies the exalted jiosltlon uf  I'resldenl of the Dominion TraduK nnd  Lulior couKfcSH, Is a line speaker nnd  a rare tront may be expected. The  people, too, will have un'opportunity  to hear from the Labor candidates and  pcrhapa learn.to know them better.  Their, policy will be fully, expounded  nnd it will be left to the electors to  say if any one of them cn.nnot heartily  support it. The hall will no doubt  be filled, to the ,doors, but we urge  every workjnRman, in the city .to be  there and make no other dates for that  evening. "Remember It is Mnoday, the  28th inst., and the place the Market  Hall.     -.  The Fraternal Order of ISagles is to  be congratulated upon its splendid  public showing and also upon the very  At the 1SDS session of the Dominion  Trades and Labor ,congress .held,, in  Winnipeg, the . following, plaform, was  adopted. ."We would especially ..commend it to-the consideration of the  workers of British' Columbia : at. the,  present time: _ ,     ,  1. Free compulsory education,  2. Legal wortelng day .of eight hours  and-six-days-a. week _  3. Government inspection of all industries.  .i ���  .4.,The abolition ot the contract system on all public works.  Ii. A minimum living wage, based on  local conditions.  i i  0, Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telcgruphs, waterworks, lighting, etc. *      M'  7, Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on. Industry und Increasing It on land  values.  8. Abolition of the Dominion Bcnate.  0. Kxclimlon of Chinese. s  10. The iinlon label on nil manufac-  ttiled goods, where, practicable, on nil  government supplies.i ' ,     ,i  11. Abolition of child lubor by children under 14 years ot age; nnd of female .labor ,ln all branches of .industrial life, such ns mines, workshops,  factories, etc.  12. Abolition of property qualification  for all public olllces.  13. Compulsory .arbitration of labor  disputes;  14. Proportional representation and  the cumulative vote.  IB. Prohibition .of . prison "labor 'in  competition wlth'free labor. '  ARMY AND* NAVY  ,."71.,      \ '.-��� ''-!i:"     ri'J  -i' t    ~'  CJoar arid Tobacco Store  r'* % ���j ��� ���'''"* ��� ,.i, j j.,, /i*. i, _ .���. _, ^  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaeciis, consequently Ave always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.   "  SS. DEFIANCE  J. A. CATES,   -  Master.  Lcaves.lSvtins, Ooleiiiaii A.Hviuih! wlmrf, Yiin-  coiiver, every dtiy ul 8:lo ti. in:, -for llritiiiinia  mine, Houo Suimd. reiuriiiiig miniu diir. K\-  orv.MONPAY, W'KIISIMUV, nnd SATUjtDAV,  llrKimniiL Mine, Sluiiinciii's Briitk Vuril, mouth  of-KqtiHinisli river, in river: when, tide'stilts,  nml ivay.iitirtM'  KVKit'e .TUUSII  ,|<-  lit'e'.TUU'jIlAY -ANIJ. .KKIDAV.���>IlrIlHil-  iiiu.Mineby jvay of (iibsou's I^tiiding, culling  lltllll lOftf-illl! CtlllMI'- .       .    i i,    .  KVEKY THUItSIiAY - Hrtttinnin. Mino nnd  wuy.porlH,. r , .  Tlie inott beniitifiil ��i'cni'ry In HritMi Co-  liimliiiioi] tlifs ronto; tine lisliing mid shooting  ntH(]iiii'iiiKh river: KtirrtitiiH njiply fiitKvtiiis.  Cole'uuui .t Kviiiis'-.wlitirf, iiroii.boiirdKte'iiiiiKlii|i  Pelimiee.  The Impbrial Photo Studio has just  received a large ,llne' of the latest  photo nlOunt's,"and, is" prepared'to a'ult  all customers 'at reas6nable' prices.  Call and see their new display ot samples. Corner Carrall and Cordova  Streets.  IK  YOU   WISH  YOUR EYES  TESTED EREE  Cull on our Dimtor "I OliticjK,anil ho will  willingly eoni|ily with your re'iimnd.  Davidson  I3ro��.,  .  , Ht, ('ordllv^lSlrl�����l.', , .  LUN'UIIKS PUT UI'.  CATKltlKO.ASl'BCIALTY.  "J  <C^     Confectioner. (1  A full Hue of CoKFKcriOKEBY'and:  I'ASTItll-a.  > .tit  Bee Cream Delivered.  ���lilt Hastings Stiibet  Vancouver. B. C.  are Direct Importkrs  Nbw  CALL"  At thu iturkliiKiiiiui'K miteliiiiiiker nml Ji'iK'ller  liefiiro i ' '  tlirouxl  Jewelry  lui'iiru iiiircliiuliii' iiu> wliem uluil. lie li' knots 11  tlirmiKli h. O. for K"i".l mid I'lii'ap-Miitcliei uud  Wiiteli repiilrluu 11 KimiiiHlty.  I. HERMAN,'  i:W CouliiMi-Siti'i't;. o|i|��-ilo Snvoy  Tlie'iilre', ViinrmiviT. '  Arlington Hotel  r i '<rt jf    <��� \ i   \       )��� v! v  t  '  Cordova St.-West.  jruudquitrtur-^-r (hu unKlnecffnp' trade*  m Vancouver. -t  CHOICEST"���=d^  "  Liquors afid Cigars  Flrst-clnss rooms from SO (touts up.  ROBT.HUNTLY,   -.  -   PROP.  Hats and Ties  ���    '    -.    j* ^j -      r.    -���'���' ..  Page Ponsford Bros.  GOoITastinf-sSt.  Hardie & Thompson  Miiriiift 'ami'Central'" 'l^'"'  (^iiisifliiitg'MceliaiiienlEiigincerK  aw Coiiixiva St. I"*,', Va-iccuvkii.'II.'C. TKi..7ti7  rateutoos und deslKncrs nf tho IlArdlis  " iilie  UK  Oll| ,    ,  liiHchlnory III light seutloim for inlnes.  TliiiinjiHoli wiilor tu'liu holler, new IiIkIi      I  hliueil   rovcmln({ oiikIih's, iuii| spuriiil      -  1'ItOl'KLLKai DEUtaNEII.   KSOINtalNDICAIKll AN9  AlUUSTKI).  Solo iiKcnts 111 B.Cj nnd Ni W. Territories fnir  the United Flexible Metiillle Tubing Co., Mil.,  I/mdon, Eng.  ��� wnoLESAi.E aiJd' liETAiL'nEAr.Eit m  Wines; Liquors and' Cigars, ��� ���  .  11-,..,.  Fnmily trade ft apccliilty.   Goods delivered  free to all parts of tho oily.  37 Hastings Street.  Vancouver, B. C. .caM^-:t-��Jft&��*X3SI&*��S& -i;  THE INDEPENDENT  SATTJJKDAT...'............MAT 26, 190rJ  THE CAMPAIGN (MED.  i  The Independent Labor Party opened  Its campaign In the old school house,  Bit. Pleasant, Monday night. There was  a good attendance of very enthusiastic  supporters of Messrs. Dixon and "Williams, considering the inclemency cf  the weather. Mr. John Morion, the  Chairman, called the meeting to order  promptly on time. Mr. Mortm said  that It was the Intention of t*ia party  ito act fair throughout'this tmpnlgn.  Nobody would be appointed on .1 committee who wns not present or could  not,be' vouched for. ,In spite of some  discussion that no Independent candidates should be placed in the Held, they  were placed till the same. Working-  men believed thnt the time had come  ���when It was necessary to shake tho old  liurtles. The purtles had made promises���all sorts of promises���never to  be fulfilled or redeemed. It was, In  c fact, equivalent to a promise to pay,  but hard to collect. That was one reason why this campaign was started.  They wore not trying to split up the  parties but were determined to put  ' our. men In on the 9th of June. (Applause).  '.Mr. J. Sykes was unanimously appointed Secretary of the meeting.  .Mr.   Joseph    Dixon   'was    the   next  speaker.   lie,said that he was pleased  to be in  the  happy  position   to  open  the ball, and to start out on.a siund  footing.   The rumors that he had'done  soliciting to attain the present position  were-unfounded. .   He Would    scmer  'someone better  qualified   to   take  the  position   had   taken, up .; the' cudgels.  ���Since  his  connection  with  the  trades  unions he had always made It a rule  to accept oflice -when it was assign,-'.  to     him     without     a ... kick.        He  knew  what  he  hn<l   to  contend   with,  but he was not afraid of the, effect of  flowery  speeches.    lie  had   taken   an  active interest in politics, not exactly  as  a  party  politician,   but- from  his  point as a Trades Unionist and a work-  ins man.    He had found-that It was  impossible for a man-to be a slave to  party politics and expect to accomplish  the results of lasting benefits to the  cause    which,   he    espoused.', It   behooved  labor  men   to  stand  together,  especially at this present juncture;"and  political  muddle.     In  a. great  many  cases,   wo  should   explain- thoroughly  - the platforms'on..which: a stand must  , be taken.    The present political platforms,  to his  understanding, were all  pretty much alike. They were as in the  past great samples of promises'.which  wore  regularly .pledged,', but  none  ot  '.which were ever carried out.   And ns  a rule the same old planks were never  removed.    It  was particularly noticeable   that   the  Eight-Hour    work-day  plank was one of the foremost pledges  ;held put  to,the workingmen.    At  the  present time,  there was no more necessity   for  making- people .toll, eight  hours    a    day  than  it  was  formerly,  twelve,-because of the fact of modern  machinery  being  used so ��� extensively.  The only way. to find employment was  by  shortening  the  hours.     Now.  the  question was how we should go about  , to  attain   this   reform.    We -had   this  ''.'question asiwell ns others and we wore  ''.compelled to,stay with It.untll it was  . solved..! Of. course,,all-agreedithat thi=  Eight-Hour   Law    was ��� wanted,    but  everyone should be able to give some  explanation of how to-got it.; ."We lived  in a' constitutional,country.- whcre-ithc  majority   rule   prevailed,   or  at  least,  should prevail,, and iwe were-independent  people; .consequently ;in, carrying  out a.lawotthis kind, or even a shorter .work-clay, if from any constituency  a   petition,  was    received   from   say  three-fourths        of       tho      workers  actunlly,concerned the request for the  law shouldbe granted for that particular-, community.'.,.. Had' workingmen  in  ���' the 'past, depended upon Governments  to institute legislation granting to.-.lhem  better conditions, we should still have  oilr conditions unimproved.   As to con-  . tract work, thovabuses of the system  wore predominant, and everyone knew  how working people were done up by  unscrupulous  employers.     It a first-  class job was required, It was generally  done by day labor, and the best wages  paid.    There   was   ho   squeezing   tho  .workmen, but on the contrary conditions  were improved.    He knew of  a  contractor'in this City, who paid 22 1-2  cents on certain work that others only-  paid     IS     cents   . for.      The     result  was    that    better    work     was     done  He did hot think jit fair that Governments  should  regulate  the" maximum  wage, hut on all Government work a  minimum   wage  must  be  paid.    This  would   prohibit   the   employment   of  Chinese and Japanese.  The simple fact  where an employer was compelled to  _^j>ay_ Japanese^ and Chinese the mlnl-  mum~\viiBO, wus~that~l'e would-notem-  ploy them.   The Union Label on certain  articles  was  a  guarantee  they  were  turned out by fair labor and not cheap  i       tenement.   The several other'planks in  \the labor platform were well-known  i ud did not require his explaining, exiling to say that he agreed to them  , "ace ot  workingmen  having  to  V/.o   one   another,   they  should  /see thnt the Provincial House  fullll   Its   promlsijs.      In  con-  n he would say,'from his 18 years  ,��pci'lcnce In Chinese, and Japanese;  I��tlon In this Province, he tield that  flie Provincial Government could have  done  more  than  It  hud done by p��i-  tltlonlng the authorities nt Ottawa In  no  uncertain   sound   instead   of  Individuals having to do It.,  (Applause),  Tho following Committee was, al this  point, struck: J. Morion, Chiilrmnn; J.  Sykcs, Secretary; G. Love, W. McKen-  ���*le, W. Cole, G. Kllby, V. Motle, F.  ���Brooks, J. Paxmnn, G. Perry, G: Taylor, J. "Webster, H. Burrltt, with power  to act.  Mr. H. Cowan, Chairman ot the Central Committee was then Invited to the  platform. He thought by virtue of his  position he was entitled to speak at  every ward meeting in the City,'which  die Intended to do. (Laughter). It had  been asked of him why'the Trades and  [Labor Council put candidates in the  field, when there were.already three  parties. He confessed that he was  somewhat struck with the audacity of  the question, because the Trades and  Labor Council had. In season, and out  of season, endeavored to right the  wrongs and assuage*, the grievances of  those whom they represent, as well as  those who were unorganized. If they  were not entitled to put candidates in  the field who was, he wished to know.  After 11 years of work with Mr. Dixon,  he was Tileased to champion his election, as well as Mr. Francis Williams,  who had always been a conscientious  worker.  Mr. Williams, the second Labor candidate, received a hearty reception.  There was not much use In discussing  lite Trades and Labor platform at the  present time, because everyone was  agreed ns to Its merits. In-regard to  accepting the nomination, he had done  so, not so much from.the point of view  ot honor, but of one tpf responsibility.  In the Old Country, the wealthier  classes, comprising landlords, brewers,  lawyers, military men nnd the like,  considered It nn honor, but did hot  reckon the responsibility connected  with the olllce. .Referring to the .state-  mont that the Trades and Labor Council was a selfish Institution, who worked for the Interests of the unions only,  ho would state that this was not so.  and as a proof ot this lie pointed out  several cases. One In particular was  that the letter carriers In this, City-  wore forbidden to organize, and though  they had grievances and tried, through  the channels of the Liberal Executive,  the Liberal-Conservative Executive and  the Board of Trade for them to inter-  "e'ecd on;their behalf with the Ottawa  authorities, in every case the reply was  received that they could do nothing.  Tt remained then for the Trades and  Labor Council to make an exhaustive  Inquiry and petition Postmaster-General Mulock thereon. The latter, he was  glad to soy, granted the;request. In  another case, he mentioned the case of  Mr. Ross, whom the Council had taken  out of the Asylum. This proved that it  recognized all 'workingmen, organized  and unorganized.: He spoke advisedly  on Orientals coming into this country.  He said that the Chinese question had  dropped out of sight; that the chances  are that capitalists would bring In  colored Immigrants from the Islands of  the Pacific, if Chinese restriction were  passed. At the present time, the Japanese were landing on our shores by  the thousand, and were going Into all  kinds ot trades. Among them wore  found carpenters, painters and the,lik��  He had been Informed that the Consul  had Inquired on what terms they would  be admitted to the Stonemasons' Union.  The tailors' trade had already been, invaded. In fact, there was,no limit to  the Invasion. It would go on and on  until this country ,is flooded and,our  people be compelled to leave. It was  not a question of race hatred, but one  of self preservation, or self-destruction.  We must deal with it in no uncertain  way.,, Thcmerchants were beginning  to'.realize that their trade next Fall  would not equal that of lost. The Fraser- Riverwas entirely controlled by the  Japnnese. He concluded by saying that  the Colonial Secretary,- Mr. Chamberlain, should be given,, to understand  that If he did not take action, wc would  he compelled to do something. ���'��� (Applause).  .After Geo. Bartley had made a few  encouraging remarks a vote of thanks  was passed to tho chairman, nnd one  of the best political meetings of the  .campaign''was terminated.  IiTOTOENT ITEMS.  ���::'."'..' ���;.,:-: * :'Y;_____-; :.Y": .' ' .': .-���'���  Happiness is often"the;price"of being  commonplace.    .-���  great boom and a hustling Trades  Council with good energetic officers  has been formed.  New Zealand Hnotypists are asking  ��4 10s. a week for a six-hour day.  The matter,has been referred to the  Conciliatory Court. r  Canada is having more than her average share of strikes just now. In  most Instances the Btrlkers are gaining substantial concessions.  The 14th celebration ot the elght-  huurs al Melbourne wns a great success. Fourty-fonr societies competed  for prizes In the big parade on May 1st.  George Kennedy, recently editor of  the Columbian, has been appointed  postmaster of Now Westminster In  place of the Hon. J. C. Brown, resign^  ed.     ......������.���'  if  The United Socialist Labor,Party ot  this city have opened their committee  rooms on Powell street. They are busy  over election affairs and mean business.  "The future is ours," appears to be  the motto of a number of people who  overlook the fact that they can have  the present also if they will only  grab it.  There are about 150 Machinists on  strike In Toronto, not a man has gone  back on the union, the shops are badly  ly crippled and the strikers are, confident of victory.  The strike of the builders' laborers  at London, Out., resulted In ithe men  getting ��in increase from 18 cents ;to 20  cents on. hour. A prosperous season  is looked forward to.  The Torre- Haute ���Toiler publishes  portraits of prominent and,well-known  people in the counsels of labor iri that  county This evidently look their  prettiest. This publication Is one of  our most reliable exchanges and certainly deserves the support which is  sure to come to it.  In New South Wales the. 1st of May  witnessed the coming into operation of  the Amended Shops and Factories Act:  This act provides that'*"no.person"  can be employed In any shop for more  than 52 hours in any week, nor more  than 11 hours in any. one day.. Thus  (he act establishes the nine-hour day  In all shops. '     ���'���'���"��� ; '���.������....'.  ���More practical socialistic ideas are  expressed to-day... in: the multitudinous platforms before the provincial  electors than ever saw the light before  in the west.' ' "Everywhere the . aim  seems., to be to give-.the' people any-  Ihlng and everything that ."conies: undei-  t he head of public franchise andown-  ershlp. It all thepropositions are carried out by'the incoming legislature we  shall have a perfect Elysium in British  Columbia.���Siocan Drill.  Ii I [lis  ��� F.NTI.EMEN:  ...                                                                       I wnTcn prohibited compnnles holding frnn-  I beg. for tbe third time, to offer mj-eir ! cblBen train the Province eiiiployloi; Mon-  t�� a candidate ut the couiluis Kcuerul elec-  'tf*hv\ ,',h10f'. a��d:  8'',c��udl;  l^' "pl l'-*,?"!!  tlon   to  represent  you   in   tlie.  Legii'   '        "   ' "* "   * '    " '"'  ���f-iembly of this Province.  sltulve  lu the '.campaign of 1&'I3 I nnnouueed  ���or adhercuce to certain general principles,  ���nd you did me tlm hoiior to choose tne  of (tie liritish Columbia Soutnern Hallway  Company for a crown grant of their land  subsidy.  Mr. Cotton was not prepared to stand  by the principles of the parly In connection witli these tiro mutters, and for tbe  u   one   of   your   representatives,"    since    nui'Di,<l'.,,'���rlllnTiiiilnL-U intu'eBVpt "ii.�� "views  thnt election'I- hate consistently adhered    '" [h  ree J/"1 ^J" k",,v eSrly tuaflt  to those principles and still Ktand by them.    ?��� neVS!ryot0lh^^u\of inc.   '���'���'��� ���  When I aeeepted olllce us Al'oriiey-Oou- j     witli roipirii to the dlsiiliowauee of the  eral   In   Mr.   Semlln s iidininlsiruiloii,   you    r,abor ltegulutlon Act, my contention was,  ���*ere kind enough again to.return me by   ���,���)  Htm   ,K|   ti���lt  the   Provincial   Leclsln-  ui emulation. '  ! ture should  ul  Ule earliest  moment have  As   a   member   of    the   Government,   1 ' been brought together-fur llie speclul pur-  loolt un active part durlug tile session of   pose of re-enacting this statute,  lu order  IK'!)   lu   placing   upon   the   siutute" Uook    to   ��I��'W, 'be   Uomlnlon   Uovei-nnioiit   mid  , legljlutlo. carrying out, us fur as It went,    U"-' P��*oi>l��- of the other Provinces that tills  ' tliuse principles.    I  feel quite safe In say-   question Is considered a most vital out In  lug that the   work   done   by the   Scinlin ' ��1>Ih  Province.  (Government and its supporters during that ' Wltn reuurd to tbe Innd subsidy of the  session was eminently satisfactory to the liiltUii Columhlu Southern Hallway Com-  electors' of this Province, - whose votes puny., when the application ,wus made, 1,  placed tbat Government. tn:power, rioe.U as Attoruey-Gcacral, looked Into the ques*  luck with pride and satlstactlon to the tlon with great cure, and came to tbe  part which I took In connection witli uat coacluslou that the railway company had  work. ��� "���'���'' not   complied   with     the     conilltlons   laid  tlnneo ,^^^^^1^'' ^^^"^ ^"ilovetnnie^8^  iinuea apparently to work togetiier in me rlcht or nower to Issue the Brunt,  most Imrmonlous mnnucr nuill Hie Ueud- , ��V or l'��**��-r w lb!,u'- "le *"*;, .  iuuu's Island dispute uro��o. In cornice-' No "���'e can be more Impressed than I  tlou with that matter vou will remember nm with the tucrcduess ot a coulrnclual  that I  placed mvself In your hands.    ,��>���    obligation.    I quite admit that, no matter  colleagues, AIcssi*s. MacpUersuu, and' Tin.  dull abo agreed to be guiileil In taut din*  pute by- the wishes of their constituents.  Mr.  Cotton,' on the other nnud,  took a  firm  stand .against uny  settlement or ar-  rnugemeut of  tlie  mutter until  the ques-     _,         ,        .   _  tlon   of   the  ownership   ut   the   land   hud    tlons imposed by <he stntuic in question,  been decided by tbe courts. I If they have not done so, then It appears  'toe  very  slight   progress  made   In  the I to me clear tbi.t lt Is the duty of the Gov-  suit then Instituted shows that tlie iltlgu- '��� eminent   to  stand   by   the   rights   of   the  tlon would probably .not be completed for ; Province,  a   number  of years.        Q i     I reported to the Government my opln  how improper tbe action-of tbe Legislature uiuy have been In granting to the  It. C. Southern ltiillwuy Company their  land subsidy, still the i'rovluce is bound  by melr ncimn. and the only enquiry  that can be made Is whether the rallwuy  company   have. complied   with   tbe  coudl-  Tills .difference between Mr. Cotton and  myself produced some friction. In the Government, but,, apart from that: dispute. 1  never hud the slightest intimation from  Mr. Semllu'oi' any of. my oilier colleagues  of-,any ,,dissatisfaction   whute'ver ,wlth   re-  ��� rd to-my uctlons until .the;. 1st, :<lay of  July, 18S9, when Mr. Semlln -creinptonly  utr.,'il for my resignation, giving three  ruasous.   all   of   which   1   can   safely.say  opinion that the conditions of the statute bad  not * been complied with,, and suggested  that, us tbe auiotuit Involved was extremely large. It would Ue advisable to obtain  tlie best legal opinions available. 1 was  authorised by tbe Government to do so,  And'submitted the ease, to -Mr. I*"M'iiio,  Q.G., of Lemii'iti, England, anil to Messrs.  Christopher Kobliisou, Q.C, and B. It. Osier.   Q.C..   of     Toronto..     Mr.'. Ualdune's  wjvii regnrded  by  ihe public at large as    iipinlnii wns lui'llui',1 to be against my con  e-.ti'ililely frivolous. I refused to resign  Olid asked ;for a ciiueus of- Government  fti-norters to consliier .'.wlint should'be  dune-.under the circumstances.      ���  ijost session it wns 'stated by Mr. Cotton, In the House, that I hud tacitly  uiTceu to'be bnnu'i by the, decision,of Ibis  caucus, and should have continued to suji-  ptx-l the Government when llie: decision  wits against me. This statement is very  wto'e indeed ,from''the: truth:': The gentle-  jiuMi who,were present at the caucus will  remember that I stilted uiost ilistiucil.v  that If the decision went against me I  could  no  longer  support  the  Government  trillion but Im stated Hint tic thought the  case was u proper one to tw brougnt' before the court. Messrs. Hobinson and Osier on tlie contrary; gave-n very . strong  opinion Unit my contention wus correct,  and that the Government were not compelled, even ii - they, were permitted.. to  Issiie the crown grant under the circumstances. I  It uiavlie that their opinion is not correct, but. my t-nuteution is tbut, .u the  face of my opinion as Atlorney-Genenil,  supnortcd by lawyers ot their eminence,  tbe onlv course open to tbe Government���  If it was to  be guided  by the  principles  and would deem if. my duly to take every    whlehjt, wns chosen to represent���was to  means in my power-to bring about  their  defeat.-';. '.: '       ':;,'.  :'A's'the caucus, by i. very slight major-.  Ity, sided-.with.Mr.' Semlln. I nt.once tell'  (V-red ibt resignation, and announced, iiuii;  Ucty tb'a't I'inust lie cousldereduu opponent of the Government.  refer the mutter to tlie courtH uud. after  the highest court, nt appeal bad necided  act strlctlv iu accordance with that decision.  As sopn, as I had been got out of the  way. and ' before a new Auorney-Genera.  hud   been  appointed,   Mr.   Cotton  at  once  It is easy to do rightiwhen sin ceases  to be a pleasure.  'The quick-'movements of a pugilist  are apt to be sluggish.'  At Revelstoke, B,C,  municipal laborers get ?2.50 per day.  A man may know a dollar by sight  ami still not know its value.  Some people would rather not do a  thing at all than do it right.  Many a fluent talker is unable to say  the, right thing at: the.right time.  /;  The union.label goes on Toronto firemen's uniforms and- the city printing.  Theauthorities at San Francisco are  pursuing a wise course in-having the  Chinese vaccinated..' The Bubonic  plague has broken .out there in: the  Oriental quarters,', as .well ��� as, smallpox. This state of affairs has alarmed  the citizens to such an extent as made  lt imperative that prompt action must  be taken at once or the whole city  would be endangered. The authorities  of this city should act similarly to the  Americans, as they have a large field  to operate in the Chinese dens bf'.Van-  couver, many of.Which have, probably  been:overlooked. '::>: "���-". ���-        ..,���.:  When unions goi.Into politics trusts  will go out of business.���Union Record.  After a-man once reaches the top he  never talks.about the surplus room up  there..  An independent labor party has at  last   become   u.   possibility���City and.  County.  The most of our troubles'arc two-  thirds anticipation and one-thli'tl realization.  There is elei-trlclty In a kiss, says a  scientist. Perhaps that Is why kissing  shocks sonic folks.    ,  There Is always a .breath of suspicion about the man who carries cloves  In his vest pocket.  SI. Thomas, Out., has organized a  Federal Labor union wilh a couple of  hundred members.  Toronto carpenters have gained their  point, and will hereafter receive 25  cents per hour.  P. C. Plckwell, of- the Lethbrldge  News, paid The Independent a welcome  visit this week.  Carpenters are advised to keep o.way  from Nelson, ns there is a large number'of unemployed'dt that city.  Love Is a thing of four letters���but  a good many additional letters are apt  to turn up in a breach of promise suit.  Labor in Berlin. Ontario, is having a  ���Regarding the big street car strike  at London, Ont., going on tor the past  year, the 'Banner of that city says:  'Organized labor Is more confident  to-day than it was a year ago; as to  the ultimate result of this battle there  is not even a shadow of doubt. Have  the company-or'the .'opponents ofor-.  gnnlzed labor sized up the magnificent  parade of May 1st. There was over  a mile of marching workingmen and a  large proportion in the ranks were  heads of families who will never ride  the cars..until this .conflict is- settled,  Nearly every, man on parade was a  member of a trades union. Only two  unorganized shops were in line."  Just prior to the meeting of the House, pro'ceded   to   Ignore tbe  ubnve  consider.!-  yon  win  renicmlier tuut  1 culled a meet- ,t'"''-111'",u ""*'' a crown giMnt for some  Iri; of my supporters iu the city of   .an- �����MKJO ucres. luc nil ng about l.iU.000 acres  c-iiver,   aud   submitted    my   position     to of coal  Iniids,  which,  I am Informed, are  them.    I stated that It was my Intention, w01l!l  m>">?  millions of dollurs.                  ,  .( possible, to defeat the Government with With   regard   to   tbe     .Mongolian   labor  .i   vl^it   to bringing 'about 'a geueral  elee- question, the Government rcfi'scd to adopt  tlon. ' I gave my reasons for this course, the policy which I ndvocited, uud met tlie  aud also stated that It my supporters dls- House without any proposition as to a re- ;  agreed wlt.i my  proposed nctlon', I would enactment   of   the  disallowed  statute.        j  ���nt'once resign  and allow them  to choose The  action   of  the  Government  after'l.i  u   representative   who   would   net   in   nc- left lt, with regard to tlio matters referred i  coid.luce with tholr wishes.    The meeting to  In  Ills  Honor's letter or dismissal  of  .w���s  very large aud  reuresentntlvc, and a sir. Semlln. also affordi'strong proof that  resolution   was   passed   without  a  dlssen- i was right lu my opinion that 1 had been  Went voice, expressing entire approval of removed from the Government In order to  any   intended    opposition   to   the   Govern- enable Mr.  Cotton  to carry out his reac- j  went.                              ' tlonury  Ideas,  and  practically nullify  the  1 had.already Informed members of the, legislation   which   we had enacted  In the  Opposition  In  the House,  tbut,  while my, ��� session of 181)!).  jirlaclples were the same as they hud ; 0no ot t(]c m0st' Important acts thnt'  been, and I had no sympathy with their wa8 pi,E!l(;d In 188!) was the Torrens Reviews upon polltlca questions, still I und gi8trT Act. Up t0 tha tlmc that , left  ti common object with them in wishing to the Government active preparations were  bring about the defeat of Mr Semlln s being made to bring this statute Into  Government, and I had assured them thnt , force; but evidently nothing whatever has  If they stood together I. would be found*  working harmoniously, with them for that  purpose only. ���'  The consequent'defeat of the "Government, and the invitation of Bis Honor the  Lieutenant-Governor to myself ,to, form a  Government, are fresh" in your minds. I  accepted the task from His Honor upon  condition that I should be granted a dls-  solution of the present House; 'and, in. acf  cordance with this understanding, a gen^  era! election will take place, as soon as. it  been done since, and apparently the Government had decided to nullify the action  of the Legislature by neglecting to issue  the necessary  proclamation.  Again It was proposed by the Government after I left It ,to expend a. sum of  about $400,000 in purchasing from the  Canadian Pacific Railway Company tbe  land grant clulmed to hnve been enrned  by., them .In- building the Columbia- und  Western Railway. In my : opinion, this  proposition wns entirely In the Interest  of. the Railway Company,' and overlooked  can conveniently be held.  It has. been: charged tint my nctlon In'   altogether the "Interests "of the, people.  opposlne Mr.   Soinlln's  Government,   after    my  expulsion   from   It,   was    actuated by I     In appealing to you as the Premier of  " "'"' ''       -,.,.-,        ��...   ��-     the Province,  I beg'to lay before you the  platform  of the  new  Government us follows:  perbouul feelings agatust Mr. Cotton.  There is no truth whatever In this suggestion. ; I 'huve opposed and /helped to  defeat Mr. Semlin's Government because  1 vbcllcvcd ' that' !t no longer represented  tiie..p.iuciplcs.wlilch 1 had espoused.  It must  be. clear  to everyone  that tho  BEWARH    OF.    ANTE-BLKCTION  PROMISES.  Chedf>est Place  KOIt  All Kinds of  Jewelry  Hpednl i\tluntton (Jlviii. to nil  REPAIRING  44-i Westminster Avenue,'  (opp. Cily Hall)!  Sec Geo. Irvine's Out-door  vases, mid get ono for. your  lawn.   Roar World office,  1. The abolition of the $200 deposit for  candidates . for, the Legislature.  ii mii*i.  uC ,,c...   ���.�� ......j......     ��.�� i     --The bringing  Into-force,  as  soon ns  frivolous reasons given by Mr.,Semlln'for , 5.r���,^n',?"t,?���,���*l p.*!   'completed,   of   the  my   dismissal  had  behind  them 'real   rca- . Ion-ens Registry system,  ���eons 'of   n- s'ubsiaiitlur cbaracter,   uhd-,.1-!     3. The Ui-illstrlbutlonof .the constltuen-  t'lluk that:suliseiiuent events huve, shown    cles on  the basis of population,  allowing  what these .reasons were.     t , .......  I att'ribule Mr. Semlln s uetlou, not to  bis own. de h-e*. but to ..Mr. Cotton. 1 ani  satisfied that in his. heart Mr. Cotton did  not agree with the thorough manner In  which the' Government 'and" the House  carried out'their pledges'In the session of  1S'.I!):,uiii1 he knew full well that as long  as I remained .n member .of the .Govern-  lueut, similar action would be talten with  ii'Riii'd to every question that came before  l'--    .      C  At- the. time,'that the trouble occurred  there were , two matters of vital Impm--  timee to I ills Province 'pending before the  e'l.i'ernuieiil.'-'u.s to -whlcli. ' the course' 'to  be'..ailiipled ..was .clearly polnted^cut by  reference to Ihe [irineiples wble'h'It was  supposed   to  represent.  'rirese^mlitferir^wH're-f^firstf^lhe-disuiiow.  to sparsely, populated , districts a proper  tionatelv larger representation than. to ���  populous (list rlcts and .cities.  4. Tbe enactment of an accurate system  of Governuieut scaling of. logs, and Its  rigid  enforcement.  .1. The .' re-emictinent of rlhe , disallowed  Labor Kegulatloti'Act, ISOS, anil) also- all  the statutes of 1SICJ.. containing antl-Mon-  gollnu .'clauses��� If disallowed ris proposed  by the Dominion Governuieut. ,"  0. To ,Hike a  linn. stand  lu every other  possible wny  with a view of discouraging  the   spread.of   Oriental   cheap   labor   in .  this Province. ���  7. To  provide   for ofllclnl   Inspection  ot i  all buildings,, machinery  and  works,  with  a. view to compelling the'adoption of proper safeguards to life' and health.'  ���These-��� n uors-weie���first���tlie-disnilow S.-i n'gard-tri~tho��� Might-hour- Law  jiiivv  of  the  Luhor   Regulation  Act,   18U8,    the Government  wll? continue to enfori*  tbe law as It standi". An Immediate enquiry will be niude by the Minister "t  Mines Into all grievances put'forward ii  connection with Its operation, with a view  of bringing about an ninliable settlement.  If no settlement Is reached tne principle  of the referendum will be applied ami �����;  vote taken at the general election us to(  whether the law shall he repealed. If Hi*'  law Is sustained hy the vote It will lie r���  tnlned upon the Ktutule book with its |���;i-  ulty clause. If nioillllcatluns can be Hindi"  removing any of the Mellon -hniugb*.  about, wlthiiut linpiilrlng the principle oT  the law\ they will be adopted. - If tile vote-  Is against It the law will be .repealed. ���,['���:  I). To re-establish Ihe London Agencv ��������",  llriilsh Culumlilii, nnd to take every effective means of bringing before the Urn- <���  j.lsh   pubuc   the   ndvantiiges   of   this   1'ro-  ; vlnce, us a place for the protltnu.e mvest-  i ment of capital.  |     10. The retaining of the ri-sources of the  Province  ua  un   asset   for  tne  henetit  ot '  ! the people, and  taking effective measurv*'  ���to   prevent   thu   alienation   of   the   public v".  i domain,   except  to  uctuul   settlers or to* ;  actual   bona   Nile   buslneM.'   or' Industrial  i purposes,   putting un  end   ;o the prucik-4  I of  speculating   in    connection   villi    th��.  ; same.  11. The   taking  uf  uctun   nifagurcs   foe  i the   systemutlc   esplorutnm 'of   me   I'ro-'  v'ncc. ,  >12. The borrowing'of money for tbe pur-I  pose of pioviding roaets, t.'ails and br)dg<-a.{  provided that lu every cumi the muneyj  necessary to pay tbe Interest iuid sluklnc-  fund In connection with the loan slinli be'  {irovlded by additional taxation s,o as noc  o impair tbe credit of the Province.  i     13. lu  connection, with  the . cons:ruetio.ti  ���, of Goverunient:roads und;trali3, to provide.,  ; by the etiiployment of competent civil eu-t  i gincers   nnd   otherwise" tbut   the   Govern-  ! ment money  Is  expended upon  sonic ,sy��J  J tern which will   be   advantageous   to   lb*  general  public,  so that the old system oi.  providing roads as a special favor to supporters of the Government may be entire-'  ly discontinued.  14..To keep the ordinary uufnial expe-a-  diture within the oullu.iry uuuual revenue,  In order to preserve intact tho credit us  the Province,' which Is its best asset.  13. To adopt ii system 6" ' Government  construction and : operation of . railways,  and lmmediatii.v to proceed with the construction of'�� railway on the south side  of the ��� Krascr river, connecting Ihe coast  with the' Kootenay district, with the un-  derstaudm- that unless, the other railway*  now constructed In the Province give" fair .  connections, and make equitable Jolnc,  freight and passenger urruuncuicnts, iae*  I'l.niiice will continue ���ii'-' line to thi  eiistcrn Iwiiml'iry of the Province;. I'rc-  per connection with such Kootenav i-atl-  ivnv to be- given to the Island or v;ti��i��i-  yer. With rcspecr to other parts of the  Province*, to proceed to give to every portion of It railwny connection at. as ear.v  a date as possible, the. rallwav when constructed to lie operated bv the. Goveru-  ment through n Commission.  1(1. A railway bridge to lie constructs!^  In connection with .the Kootenay 'railway  across the lCraser-liver, at or near'-New,'  "Westminster,' aiid running powers given  liver It'to any railway eoini��any a|iptyn.c  for the same, under proper coinlitions.  17. In case It Is thought at any time act-;  vlsable to give, a IioiiutI to any rallwuy  cotnpnily, the same to bo In cash, and noc.'  byj way of n* hind grant; and no, suiii '  bonus to be granted except upon the cou-  ditloii that ii Talr anibntit of the bonds'or  shares-of tbe company be transferred t"'  the'1 I'rovluce,' and eHeetlve: means- taken  to give tbe I'rovluce . control of . tb-f  freieht and' passenger��� rates,- and provlsion  made against such rnilway having any  liabilities, against tt except actual est.  18. To take away, from'the Lleutenant-  Govornor-ln-Couneil *��� any" power, .*o ' ma^��v  subslnntlve changes In; the. law,' con&u'inc--  tbe Jurisdiction:entirely to :matters��� of "ite-:l  tall  in working out the luws enacted; ">���* v  thu Legislature.  1!). The establishment of an inntitiia ���:.  within the Province for the* educatloa cl  the Deaf and Dumb.  20. To repeal the Allen' Exclusion Act.  as the reasons Justifying Its enactment -o  longer. obtain. ,   .   ,  21. An  amicable  settlement of the o*."i-  Eute with the Dominion Government as t>*  'eadman's Island, Stanley Park uud other-  lands, and an arrangement With Mr. -Lad,  ��atc, by which, If possible, n sawmill !��>-  ustry may be established nnd car.-ied c��a  on Dendman's Island, under satisfactory^  conditions, protecting tbe interests of tbe*.  public.  22. Proper means of giving technical t*W  structlon to' miners and prospectors.  In connection'-with recent events, BOtew  criticism has been directed against Hls>  Honor the Lieutenant-Governor. It Is myt  duty to take the responsibility, tor Hist  Honor's action, und I have not the sllgnx-  cst hesitancy In so doing.  The Legislative Assembly aellberateif)  voted want of confldeuce in Mr. Bern:" i's'  Government. There were only two course-"  open to Mr. Semlln: cither .to ask for u  dissolution or resign. He adopted neither,  but asked for delay, and took up the.tlm-  gruntcd to , him In endeavoring to cntjr  into most' vicious, and '' dlsnonorable .a*-  rangements with the members of ( the^  House who hud been elected to oppose  him, and who had consistently opposed,  him' until the defeat. was brought aboc^,  and whose principles were ' directly" o*^-  poscd to bis. , ,    ,  Jio precedent exists In connection witli'  the working of liritish representative Itt-,  stltutious rfhere in u case of that kind, a  ministry' has been allowed :to: hold "power  bv 'means of votes tliusiobtalued:, :'nnifc  wiien Mr. Semlln announced to His Honor that he would be able to obtain avotei  of coutlilencc from the House, the; only  couisc open to Ills Honor was that adopted by him, of dismissing his advisers. ... ..  In 'addition to the above It aiipears���fron��  Ills Honor's Ic'ttcr of dismissal that then  were ample reasons: for .that course. ��Ot.  tirely apart from the vote of w��nt of eo��-  lldcuce In the HoiiBC  I have, the honor to be, gentlemen,,yau-  n'w-dleut servant.  JOSEPH JWARTlNr  Spring lias Come!  TAKIO  Your Babies  ���'im���  14 Coi'tlovii St.  WHY BUY fiielnry-inaile ���.liiii'k that are Utile  belter than paper, when you can have ti  pair of  Custom-made for $3.50  ..'   ;'Ready-made or mmlo to tit jMiir'tcdt.  ''!  H. HA.RV1SY,     ,  510 PonderSt., between Richards and Seymour.  A GOOD VIEW  THE'  Scmo men aro_well' clothed from ono  point of view; but you see thorn <tt another angle, and their clothos aro; full of  wrinklos and crudity speaks In all lines.  WE UNDliJRSTArNO HOW TO OLOTIKE  OlJlt, CUSTTOiMURS so that bock, front  or sldo view,.is equally, correct and, elegant.  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordova Street.  Electric Light  Is now within tho roiicli of ovorylKwly.,  1'ri-rcs huve lately 1kh:u ri-><ltieml? ami tho  It. C, Kioi'lric KiiUway Coin]HLiiy lmvu  tliolr lint's all over thurltv. Donotdts  liiy. but tiutull nnd ums tiik OSI.V Liuiit,  wit lull ta absolutely  Safe, CJean and  Up-to-date.  s^  If carefully looked after lt is cheaper  tlmn eonl oil, and, oh 1 what a tUrfurcnco  ln the evening.  Apply for. rates at the  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts��� SATURDAY MAY 26, 1000  THE INDEPENDENT.  Don't Buy Hardware  Till you see Ours���the largest and best,  MOST  UP-TO-DATE  STOCK IN  B.C.  Hardwood Mantles.  Our stock needs no introduction as we  have kept it up to date, and have now got over  thirty different styles to choose from. We are  selling-agents for the Rockford Mantle Company the largest concern in America and their  goods are only to be seen to be admired.  Fire-place Grates.  We are sole agents for the Dawson  Grate and Dawson Beauty Grate, made in  any finish, and are the most up-to-date Grate  manufactured.  TILING.  Our Stock is very large and those intending building will be well repaid by a visit to  our show room. oWe have Glazed, Unglazed,  Imbossed, Vitrious, also Circular* Ceramic Mosaic Tile���suitable for halls and vestibules.  Parquet Flooring  *3"  It is here to stay and we have it for��sale  and can show you a nice variety of patterns.  Majestic Raiiges,  We are sole agents for the Great Majestic Range���the only malleable Iron and Steel  Range manufactured and it will last a life time.  High-class  iardware  vince, and  We have the largest stock in  the Pro-  mind���the look of your house inside  depends on the class of Hardware, you have  it furnished with.  Heavy Hardware.  Bar Iron and Steel, Steel Cable, Crucible  Steel Wire Rope, Plough Steel Wire Rope,  Manilla Rope, Coil Chain, Spades and Shovels,  Wire Nails, Cut Nails, Galvanized and 'Black  Wrought Spikes, Anchors, Linseed Oil, Genuine and No. I White Lead, and everything you  ask for in an up-to-date Hardware Store.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  --  Wholesale and Retail.  McLennan, McFeely & Co., Ltd.,  DAWSON CITV, N. W. T.  122 Cordova St., VANCOUVER, B. C.  I/IT  OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA.  WILL MCCLAIN, CANDIDATE.  SOCIALISM,' BEING- A SCIENCE. REQUIRES CAREFUL1 INVESTIGATION BY YOURSELF, TKB11EP3RB, WE AVOULD RESPECTFULLY  URGE YOU TO HEAD THE FOLLOWING : ;  ���Workers, vote for the principles and j WHAT SOCIALISTS WANT.::  resolutions of" the. United Socialist La- I    Every humiin being to be well hous-  l>or Party of British Columbia at i ed-    clothed,   fed   and ^educated; , the  i adoption of a social mid industrial sys-  ���BHB PROVINCIAL ELECTION.  :   j tom that will put an end to profit, in-  Candidale���Mr.  Will Mc. Clain,' pre- I tact; rent and all forms of usury; land,  sident of .he international Association 'l^^^^L^*!?? '.��'  or Machinists in this city.   He is a man  of the people,  by  the people and  for  the people.  MANIFESTO.  In submitting this platform and demands to you, workingmen of Vancou-  production and distribution, and all  the available forces of nature, to be  owned by, and operated for, the benefit of the' whole people; the gradual  elimination, and, finally, the abolition  of all useless and unproductive toil;  the work-day to be as short as the  needs of the people will permit���about  ver. we point  to the fact  that every < four hours  per  day  will  possibly  do  ���nominee has signed his own resigna-. j' ���  'tion,   blank   data.   , This   enables   the j     . WORKINGMEN.  United Socialist Labor Party to with- ;    You  would   like  steady   work,' but  draw any ot its candidates if elected 'you vote yourselves out of a job.   You  as soon as  they  do not live and act i'^0"1'1 "ke short hours,  but youvote  h ,      ������       -,,    ,    .��� . ���   ! for long hours of toil.   You would like  according to the tactics and principles ��� to b      coal,at $150 per t       h  t   ;6  of the United Socialist Labor Party.  "Tlie continuous war between capital and labor is fiercer every year. We  ���'-.all upon you, workingmen of Vancouver, to side with the representatives of  the class-conscious proletariat of the  world and this city and elect them to  onVee, for they will work in your interest, whatever may happen, and  ���against the interest^ of_your    oppres-  ���Jg^ors, Ihe capitalist class. In conclud-  ' Sng, we remind you ot the fact that It  Ss better to vote for the thing you  want and not get it than to vote for  something you do not want and get  ���it. Vote lor principle's upheld by the  right men.  vote to pay $6.50. Ycvu -vould like to  buy oil at 4 cents a gallon, but you  vote to pay 35 cents. You would like  to buy coffee and tea at 10 cents a  pound, but you vote to pay '0 cents  a pound.  The United States census show that  the average wealth produced by each  worker In our manufacturing -establishments is 2.504 per year. You vole  to get only a small part of it! Vote to  have it all! ' ''.-.���'.  ���The ethics of socialism are Identical  with the ethics of Christianity���Encyclopedia Brltannlca.  ���Socialism���A theory of society that  mlvociilvs a more precise,' orderly and  lii'rmoiilous arrangement "f the social  ii'latinns of mankind than that "which  lias hitherto prevailed.���Webster.  "**-*  Socialism   Is simply applied  Christ-,  danity, the Golden Htilo applied to cv-  -,��ry-day life.���Prof. Ely.  Socialism.���The answer of socialism  ���to the capitalist Is that society can do  ���without him just as society now does  without the slave owner and the feudal  lord," both which were formerly regarded as necessary to the well-being and  even the very existence ot society.���  Prof. W. Clark.  ���Socialism being the product of social  evolution, the only danger lies In ob-  etructing it���Rey. F. M. Sprague. .  WORKINGMEN.  Will Mc. Clain, Socialist, is our delegate. Socialists,"vote in the coming  election for your personal benefit, as,  If he Is elected, he goes to tho Legislature on the Socialists' referendum and  Imperative mandae principle.  Plump for Will Mc. Clain, president  of the international Machinists' union  of this city, a man of the pcoole, from  the people, and for the people.  PLATFOTtM.  The United Socialist Labor Party of  liritish Columbia re-nsserts the Inalienable right of all mm to lite, liberty  nnd the pursuit of happiness.  We hold that the purpose ot Clovern-  ���'".l'..*.:lH '" i*l'**nro every citizen in the  enjoyment of this right: but In tlie  light of our social conditions, we hold,  furthermore. Hint no such right can bo  exercised under a system of economic  Inequality, essentially destructive of  lire, ot liberty nnd ot .happiness.  We hold thnt the true theory of politics is that the machinery of Government must be owned and controlled by  the, whole people; but in the light of  our industrial development we hold,  furthermore, that the true theory of  economics Is that the machinery of  production must likewise belong to the  people in common.  To the obvious fact that a despotic  system of economics is the direct opposite of our democratic system ot  politics, can plainly be traced the existence, ot a privileged class, the corruption of Government by that class,  the alienation ot public property, public  franchises and public functions to that  class, and- the abject dependence ot  even the mightiest nations upon that  class.  Again, through the perversion of democracy to the ends of plutocracy,  labor is robbed of the wealth which  it alone produces, is denied the means  of self-employment, and, by frequent  compulsory Idleness in . a system of  wage slavery, is even deprived of Llie  necessaries of lite.  Human power and natural forces are  thus wasted, that the plutocracy may  rule.  Ignorance and misery, with all their  concomitant evils are perpetuated that  the people may be kept in bondage.  Science and invention are diverted  from their humane purpose to the enslavement of women and children.  Against such a system, the United  Socialist Labor Party enters its protest, and reiterates Its fundamental declaration that private property in the  natural sources of production and In  the instruments ot labor is the obvious  cause of all economic servitude and political dependence,  - The time is fast coming when, in the  natural course'of social evolution, this  system, through the destructive action  of its failures and crises on the one  hand, and the constructive tendencies  of its trusts and other capitalistic combinations on the other hand shall  have worked out Its own downfall.  We, therefore, call upon the wage  honest citizens, to organize under the  banner of the United Socialist Labor  Party Into a class-conscious body,  aware of Its rights und determined to  conquer them by taking possession of  =th'e���pu bile-powers ;-sO-that���lii'lil���together, by. an indomitable spirit of solidarity under the most trying conditions of the present class struggle we  may put a summary end to that barbarous struggle by the abolition' nf  classes, the restoration of llie land and  of all the means of production,-transportation and distribution to the people as a collective body, and the substitution of the Co-oprratlve Commonwealth for llie present state of planless  production, Industrial war and social  disorder; a commonwealth In wlilch  every worker shall have the rrce exercise and full benefit of his faculties,  multiplied by all the nii'derii factors uf  civilization.  RMSOLUTIONS.  Willi a view to Immediate Improvement In the condition of labor we present the following demnnds:  1. Reduction of the hours of labor In  proportion to the progress of production.  !*. The Dominion to obtain possession  of the mines, railroads, canals, telegraphs, telephones nnd all other means  of public transportation nnd communication; the employees to operate the  same co-operatively under control ot  the Federal government nnd to elect  their own superintendent und foremen,  and that no employee shall be discharged for political reasons.  3. The Provinces and municipalities  to obtair. possession o�� the local railroads, ferries, water works, gas w-orks,  electric plants and all Industries requiring Provincial and municipal franchise; the employees to operate the  same co-operatively under control of  the Provincial and Municipal administrations and to elect their own superintendents and foremen, and that no  employee shall be discharged tor political reasons.  ���1. The public lands to be declared inalienable. Revocation of ail land grants  to corporations or individuals, where  the conditions of the grant have not  been complied with.  5. The Dominion to have the exclusive right to issue money.  0. Federal legislation providing for  the scientific management ot forests,  and waterways, and prohibiting the  waste of the natural resources of the  country.  7. Inventions to be free to ail; the  inventors to be remunerated by the  nation.  S. Progressive income tax and tax  on inheritances; the smaller incomes  to be exempt.  9. School education of all children under fourteen years of age to be compulsory, free and accessible to all by  public assistance In meals, clothing,  books, etc., where necessary.  10. Repeal of all pauper, tramp, conspiracy and sumptuary laws. Unabridged right of combination.'  11. Prohibition of the employment of  children under "fourteen years of age,  prohibition of the employment tt women and young persons in occupations  detrimental- to health or morality.  Abolition Of the convict labor contract  system.  12. Employment of the unemployed  by the public authorities (county, city,  provincial and national.)  13. All wages to be paid in lawful  .money_of_the-ljominlon-of-Cannda.-  ICquallzatlon of women's wages with  I hose ot men where equal services are  performed.  14. Laws for Lhe protection of life  and limb in all occupations, and an  efficient employers' liability law.  15. The people to have tho right to  propose laws and to vote upon nil  measures of Importance, according to  the Initiative and referendum principle.  10. Abolition of the veto power ot the  Executive (national, provincial and  municipal), wherever It exists.  17. Abolition of the Senate and all  upper legislative chambers.  IS. Municipal self-government, the  abolition of the system of money deposits and properly qualification for  candidate." for parliamentary and municipal legislatures.  I'.i. Direct vote and secret ballots In  all olocllims. Universal and equal  right of suffrage. Election days to be  li-gal holidays. The principal of proportional representation to he Introduced.  20. Ail public officers to be subject to  recall by their respective constituencies.  21. Uniform civil .and criminal law  throughout the Dominion. Administration of justice to be free of charge.  Abolition of corporal and capital punishment..  THE SOCIALIST LABOR CANDIDATE.  The -nomination paper of Mr. Will  MdClain,- engineer and machinist, together witli the deposit of $200, was  Placed in tho bands of the Returning  Officer, Mr. Heattie, Wednesday after-,  noon at 5 o'clock. The committee  rooms ot the United Socialist Labor  Party were opened on Tuesday night  last, 'at 32 Powell Street, a large attendance of members and friends being present. Business pertaining .to the election was gone Into. The Committee on  Organisation was elected', and t'he  membership have started to work In  good shape to try and secure the return of their candidate, who is President of the Interna'tlonal MacihinlS'U'  Union of this City, and Statistician to  the Trades and Labor Council. The  candidate will address a meeting on  Saturday night on the corner of Car-  rail and Cordova Street. The Committee rooms will be open from 5 a.  m. 'till 10 p. m. A reading room has  also been opened, to whioh all workers  are welcome.  work, iu fact rather above the-' average. The cement provided did not appear lo have been used. Witness had  seen the opening made in the wall; the  bond there was absurd, In places one  joint absolutely over another, the walls  all sorts of thicknesses, no level line  in the floor, the bricks did not look as  If properly ground; they were as clean,  as if they had come from the kiln-  There was no mortar except at the  edges. Tlie ties were not according to  specification, nor properly spaced; the-  ties used were hoop-iron, roughly bent  ���a cast-iron tie being specified.- Tho  roof-plates on the verandah, supported)  by iron hooks, had not been nailed.  The hooks had been left; very few of  them filled. Tlie doors being wavy,  and no straight line in the brickwork."  The lowest or any tender not necessarily accepted! '  ���    OUR ELECTION SIMPLIFIED.  By the way, this coming election recalls an old anecdote about an old foxhound, >for which a Virginia planter had  paid a fancy price. One day the dog  started a fox.'and both vanished Into  the woods, the planter pursuing. After  running a mile or two, the planter  came to a woodchoppor, and with what  breath was left In him, inquired if a  fox and dog had passed that way.  "Yes," answered the tree-butcher,  without looking up from his work,  "right through yonder field." "And  how were they making it?" inquired the  proud planter. "Oh, 'bout nip and tuck  ���dog a little ahead."  Moral: If any part of this present  race for the premiership was run in  the open on a square basis, it Is likely  that the Independent candidate would  be seen a few lengths in tlie lead.  A SYMPATHETIC NOVELIST.  A charming tale Is told of the late  Robert Louis Stevenson, the great nov-  cllsl. while visiting a friend in Ihe  Southern Stntes. He became a great  confident of his host's little daughter.  One day the subject of birthdays was  being discussed, and the young lady  bewailed her rate. She was horn on  the 2!)th of February, and, therefore,  had enjoyed only two birthdays In all  her eleven years. The Itlnil-hoartPil  writer sympathized with her. Ho  meditated a few minutes, then went  to the. writing desk and drew up the  following document: "I, Robert Louis  Stevenson, being In a sound state ot  mind, having arrived at an age wluMi  I no longer have nny use for birthdays, do give and bequeath my birthday, on tho 13th ot November, to Miss  Adelaide Ide. to be hers from this year  as long as she wishes It.���Pobert Louis  Stevenson."  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will  kindly notify   The   Independent.  Contract labor! This is an expert's  report on how It worked on a government building in Brisbane: "The  brickwork was of the most inferior  class he had ever witnessed, and the  specification provided for good brick-  I. SATIUMDAY ,....UlAY 26, 1000-
Groceries ir
■You know; ami-the purer, tlio higher in quality
they are the hotter it is for you. None hut the
very highest class of provisions is obtainable
hero. Quality is always first; price'receives
great cart* and close attention; 'tis always, in
fact, the lowest that the Mile of absolutely pure
goods will warrant, but quality is paramount.
Surely'this is of interest to you. -And' we
should like to have your order; we will send
to your home for it if you so desire.   May we?
* .-.   '
Cranville St.
'" Courteous
Editor independent: kI am highly
pleased to see that.the labor men of
this city have at Kast opened their
eyes to their ov,n interests and placed
independent labor candidates In the
field, professional politicians have repeatedly made piomibes to the vork-
- ingmen, and .thebe promises have served to inveigle them to bupport humbugs. What we want now is independent men who will insist upon measures being carried through regardless
of the party in'power.' The platforms
of professional politlcans have served
now for every election I remember.
They tegulaily 'uiake pledges for no
other purpose than'.to catch the'votes
of wage-eainers. Messis. Dixon and
Williams aie two' gentlemen in whom
we have the utmost confidence. Theie
are a few men who piofess to be in
sympathy with labor, but yet they will
attach themselves to the political factions composed of designing politicians. I would .ask workingmen In'
this city to stand shoulder to shoulder
and place our candidates (Messis. Dixon and "Williams) at the head of the
poll on the 9th of June. UNIONIST.
Vancouver,. May 24, 1000.   ,
Editor Independent: I observe that
the World is "puzzled" over the, attitude assumed by The Independent in
connection with the former's references
to the Labor candidates. It must be
very .obtuse to be "puzzled" over the
matter. When lt attempted to "turn
down" the nominees of the Independent Laboi Party and to'tell them that
they had no business to enter the field,
they "were piactically entering upon
the ground of its idol (recent) and his
• colleagues, and that they were,lnjui-
ing the" Labor cause in consequence
of the position they had taken, it seems
to me it was high time' tor a paper representing labor principles to. Inform
the World that in makingsuch a statement it transcended the bounds ot
piopiiety and that its strictures weie
as foolish as they were contemptible.
And yet It is "puzzled" because you,
sir, have done the only thing you could
have done under * the"*, circumstances,
piotested against the outrageous assumption that the .Independent,Labor
Party had no business in making a
straight paity fight at therfoithcoming
election. One would 'imagine, that political ostiacism should be the fate of
eveiything that savored of laboi, that
the only party that was not permitted
to place its champions in the field wak
tlie Laboi Party! 'Let me'assure the
World that in the persons of Messis.
Dixon and Williams we have as able,
eloquent and -strong candidates as any
now before the electorate,' and' it will
be found on the 0th day of June that
the people t ecognlze the >tact. Wot k-
ingtmen all over the city, organized as
well as unorganized, aie taking their
coats off and preparing for a big struggle as anybody who visits the committee rooms can see. v|Let it be a light to
a finish.
Vancouver, May 23,, 1900. , ,
l'dltor   Independent:—I   notice   that
several ot our hotels   are employing
J.ips ,and Chinamen behind their bais,
wiping glasses for the bartender, and
doing any thing they may.be required
to' do, but especially to take stock of
the way the white bartender does his
business and manipulates  the drinks.
This of Itself is very innocent work, if
it ended there, but a styflent of human
nature   looks   deeper   into , the   affair,
and sees more than the mere fact of a
Jap being behind the bar; and the first
thing he would see is a foreigner, an
Asiatic, dressed.up In beautiful white
clothes, probably at the expense of the
owner of the establishment; the next
thing one would "think is  who keeps
up this establishment—is it the Jap and
Chiriamen, or is.it the white Canadian
citizen, who spends his'money over the
bar,'"helps  to make rich  the landlord
and   keep  up  these gaudy  establishments?     And  this  being  the case,   is
lt  not an  insult to white saloon  fre-
quenteis that these hotel-keepeis and
saloon-keepers  put  in   their    bars,  to
wait on you and wipe your gUss for
jnu the very men who you aie fighting
Miur  hardest  to  get  stopped 'coming
into the province, and who aie doing
you  out ot^your  legitimate    employment?    How much better would it be
ol    those    hotel-keepers  if  they took
,tlieir out-of-w'ork white brother by the
hand and said,  "Heie, you men, who
aie walking the streets, heie is a job
for you, come In and wipe these glasses
for vour more fortunate brothejs who
■He in "work.""' This would be an act
woithy ot these men, but the average
hotel man seems to be like the lest ot
men laised from the ranks and begin
to make money; 'the more, theyget, the
Imoie they,want, and they doh't mind
putting the squeezing process on their
fellow white man so as he can employ
a Jap or a Chinaman at a few- dollais
per month less and his chow, and  so
add to his stock, already accumulated,
fiom the white workers hold earnings.
Hut the greatest danger ne see in these
J.ms behind  the, bar is the' dangei   to
the  bartenders    themselves;    they  no
doubt  thini-   it  fun  and an easing of
their burdens, to h.ue a cheap coolie
laborer .behjnd .the ,bai  to d.o. the dirty
\yoi,k; .but,  bartenders,  if  this  Is ,not
stopped, you' are' doomed and your occupation doomed also. , "i^ou will have
to jolp  therinpble at my of, tramps or
take .the  pick, and shoveh     There  is
onlv, one salvation  foi, you. aiid that
is to get into the i.tnks of oiganized
laboi and work out your own salvation.
These  Japs.aie, no   fools;,  they    aie
watclilng every move you make, and in
a   shoit   time   the  occupation   of   the
white  mixologist  is  gone      What   do
><m Itend to do about If    They have
busted nearly all the white cooks and
waiters in the city.   Your turn is coming,  so  be up and  doing betoie  it  is
loo late.,   An,International Bartende'is
Union awaits* your acceptance of mem-
heishlp; don't say jou ha\o not been
warned. J. H. WATSON.
Vancouver, May 22, 1!)Q0.
If you want a really good cigar, call
for one of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands.
"Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"
and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best
biands. Ask for then) and .take no substitute. The above brands are made
of the best Imported Havana, and by
expert union workmen in Vancouver.
To buy Finb jMadimji* Clothing Hats,
Caps "arid'Men's Furnishings at the
CJkkat   "'•   " '
ii- - >.
' now going on at tlie " Paiace." Stocks
bought at.4fl 1-2 cents' dii'the dollar,
placesi'us iii a position to give tho host
goods at the j.owkkt prices ever'heard
of in Vancouver. '      '
Now is tbe Time 1© Buy
■I   J"Oin
rdova St.
On looking over this platform there
will be found two planks containing
principles so profound that one is led
to think that these were inserted by
men who are tit to rank with statesmen. There Is a definite idea about
planks 4 and 3 which merits close attention oh the part of those who make
their living by the sweat ot their faces.
Compare these with the ambiguous
generalities which aie usually hashed
up at eveiy election—such as "the land
for the settler," etc. During eveiy
campaign we see candidates who
tumble over each other In older to do
something for the "working man," as
if the working man needed coddling
any more than other man.
I-ii'l us take a good look at these two
planks. Plank No. 4 says: "That no
public land be alienated by deed or
crown grant to corporations or individuals, but that it be leased in perpetuity, subject only to a fair rental
Plank No. 5 says: "That all taxe.-,
on Industry and the products of industry be gradually abolished, and the
revenues of municipal and provincial
government be derived from a tax tn
land values."
It will be seen that, under this system, no new taxes are to be invented
or Imposed. All that needs to be done
is to abolish all existing taxes except
this one. It has been amply demonstrated by the noted .statistical
Thos. G. Shearman, in his. "Natuial
Taxation," that ail taxes together
would not absorb half, the rent ot the
land; and no attempt has ever been
made to lefute the statistics given.
Some explanation of the terms used
is necessary. "Ground rent" and the
"value of land" aie in reality the same
thing. Rent is the price which the
owner of land either does or can obtain for the piivilege of using lahd,
and what is usually called the "value
of land," ,or the "price of land," is
nothing but the capitalized value of
its rent; or, to use simpler terms, it is
the present maiket value of the landlord's power of collecting ,.-ent in future.
£<et us see what would be tho effect
of a tax on land values. The theoi->
embodied in the two planks under discussion proposes to lay all taxation
upon the value of the privilege of
using land for any and all purposes,
including not meieiy noi mainly the
use, of land for faims, but, to a va*tJv
greater extent, the use of, land for
building purposes In villages, towns
and cities; the use of land for rnin-s
and quarries, vfor railroads, telegraphs,
telephones, gas - pipes, water-pipes,
electric wires, and any and eveiy other
conceivable use to which land can be
put. It demands the abolition of all
taxes upon earnings, food, furnitura,
clothing, merchandise, monsy and
buildings, the rails, lolllng-stook and
depots of railroad companies; the wires
and poles and other ai tides used for
telegraphs—in short, upon anything
whatever produced by man. Tn the
case of farms, it would abolish .all taxation upon planted tiees, drains,
fences and stiuctures of any kind, nnd
would not even tax that injioased
value which is given to land .by plowing, subspilmg oi otherwise impiovlng
This is the taxation of land values.
It may be summed up in three sentences: Tax nothing made, by man.
Tax eveiything not made by man. ,Col-
lect all revenue out, of, and in exact,
proportion to, the levenue .which some
men collect from othei, men, for permission to use that which no man
made. '      ,
The question may aiise as to the
justice of this method . of taxation.
That a tat of some amount on giound
rent, or the value of land, is just and
right, ih conceded by everyone. Ilni-
veisal theory and piactice alike agiee
In recommending such a tax. As no
one has ever disputed this, no argument need now be made in suppoit of
it. Is.theie any other tax of which
the same thing can be said? If not,
then we ceitainly have a tiemendous
piesumptlon in favor of making the
only just tax. an exclusive ,tax. Here
is a tax which can.be easily .assessed,
without asking any questions of the
taxpayers, because the value of the
thing Is known to everybody. Here is
an income, which can be easily assessed, without .asking any questions
of the tax payers, because the value of
the thing is known to everybody. Here
is an .income which is not. earned in
any degiee by the labor, skill oi effort
of the peison leceiving it. The landlord does not make land or make rent.
The moment that wc attempt to collect taxes from any other souice we
find ourselves taking fiom men a portion _of_that_which_they_have _made
by,their own labor and skill,-by methods which Impose heavy buidens upon
honesty, and put a premium upon
fraud, evasion und  falsehood.   , ,
If every candidate for the "Legislature has not declared himself in favor ot the principle contained In these
two planks, It is the duty .of the \oters
in each district to see that he has a'
chance to do so, if anyone declines to
endorse It, vote so that he will have an
oppoitunlty to stay at home.—Nanalmo Herald. ,
"The Parliamentary system of the
Mother Land adopted in tho Dominion
of Canada and Provinces thereof by tho
British North America Act, when propel ly carried out, is opposed to faction,
and serves to safeguard national interests.
Political parties with party organis.'itlon
represent tho cardinal prlniaplos of British Government and tend to suppress
divisions, conspiracies and confusion in
tho State.
Tho distinctive features of tho Liberal-
Conservative party in Canada have been
essentiallj— '
Country. <K*
1. Loyalty to Queen and faith in
2. Faith in the people.
3. Equal civil and religious liberty.
4. Government according to tho piin-
ciplcs mid precedents' under tho British
Constitution, including (n) Parliamentary control ot public expenditure, (b)
The responsibility of Government to
Parliament! (c) The utmbst good faith
enforced as between Government und
the public touching ah executive ' and
legislative acts to (persevere public credit
and the good name^of our country.
The improvement and betterment of
the condition of the wage earnlrc classes.
6. The 'encouragement ' by the State
of the introduction and investment ot
capital in the country.
' 7.' Active State aid in: (a) The development of transportation facilities by sea
and land, (b) The advancement of agriculture and of the natural resources of
the country, (c) The Improvement of education. ' i        ■•
With such principles the record of the
Liberal-Conservative party in Canada
since 1867, among other things, 13 notable
for the following: ''
The consolidation1 and union of the' provinces and territories of Biitish North Am-
reiea. ' '   ' '     ,'
The maintenance of British connection
An Inter-oceanic and transcontinental
railway.' _        ,        "       ' '
A network of railways over Canada.
An'Independent national canal system
connecting the, middle'of the Continent
with the Atlantic Ocean.
The development and protection ' of
Canadian and 'industrial life/
The establishment of steamship communication with foreign countries.
Tlio establishment of experimental
farms and the introduction'of cold stor-
age. /
Increased allowances for'the Militia and
the formation of permanent corps.
The establishment '   of a  Government
crust telegraph system.
The construction of dry-docks at Quebec, Esquimau und Kingston.
The entnbllshmcnt of a fishery protcc.
tlon service.
Under thine cnciimstanco", nt tho first
Crnvcntlon or the Liberal-Conservative
Union for British Culiimbla, the following rcjolutlon was un.iinmm.uly adopted:
'Resolved, that in the opinion of this
Convention it Is desirable thnt tho Llb-
crnl.Conservative party should, as u party
tuko part In Provincial elections for tlm
purpose of ensuring the Government and
Legislation of this Province on Liberal-
Conservative principles, mid In order to
carry this Into effect "al the next general
election for the Province" that candidates bo invited to stand tor such constituencies ns are likely to return Lib-
eial-Conscrv.ttlve members, pledged primarily to support a Liberal Conservative
Government ns distinguished from n Government of Liberals or partly of Llbeial-
Conservatives and partly of LrbcinN, and
that a platform or statement of principles, applicable to local politics, be
drawn up.'       ' '
For the purpose of enforcing the cardinal principles of the Liberal-Conservative'party-in the local Government * at
Bntisn Columbia, we have the honor to
recommend the affirmation and approval
of the foregoing outline thereof so far as
applicable to local affairs, and in addition, to pledge this Convention, and the
members' of the Liberal Conservative party
who support It, to the following programme for tho Province of British Columbia. ' '
That true *to the maxim of our party, "oj
the party, with the paity, but for the
ccuntry,' the interests of British Columbia shall 'be paramount, regardless of
tho political complexion of the Federal
Cabinet. '
It Is proposed— '-*'
To revise the voters' lists.
To actively aid in the construction of
trails throughout the undeveloped portion of the, Province, and the building of
Provincial 'trunk roads of public neces-
To provide for the official inspection
of' elevators and hoisting gear.
To improve'the admission of justice and
secure the speedy disposition of legal disputes
To provide an effective system tor the
settlement of disputes between capital and
To adopt the principle of, Government
evinershjp of railways. In so far as the | greatest enthusiasm.
circumstances of the Province will admit, nnd the adoption of tho principle
that no bonus should bo granted to any
.railway company -which does not give
tho Government of ths Provmco the control of rates over lines bonused, together
with the option of purchase.
To nssumo control and administration,
of the fisheries within tho boundaries of
the Province. '
To actively assist by State aid In tho
development of the ,-igiicultural resource"!
of the I'rovluce.
To moke the London Agency of British,
Columbia effective In proclaiming the natural wealth of the Province," and as a
plnco for profitable Investment of capital.
In the interests of labor'the Llberal-
Con*ervntlvc parly sympathises with, nnd
erdorses the principle of un Eight-Hour
Law. -^
To provide an Improved system of edu-'
To recognise and reform the system of
Provincial aid to medical men and hospitals in outlying paits of tho Provinte,
To actively suppoit the advancement
of tho mining intcres-ts of British Columbia.
To aid In tho. immigration of fomalo
domestic servants.
Wo regret to learn that the Government of Canada does not intend to assist,
in sending and maintaining a volunteer
military contingent to South Africa to cooperate -with the forces of the Mother
Land and Sister Colonies in protecting
tlie rights of British subjects.
That this Union desires to congratulate tho Hon. Sir Charles, Tupper, Bart,
on his able and vigorous leadership during the past session and trusts that he may
long be spared to occupj the high position he now holds, and we hereby plodga
anew our confidence in him ami in tho
causo that he has so ably represented,
and that this resolution bo telegraphed to
(This resolution was passed by a standing vote, three rousing cheers and a tiger
being given for Sir Charles Tupper, Bart)r
This Convention views with alarm tho
Introduction of largo numbers of indigent
aliens into the Dominion to compota
with our own people in the field of labor, and regrets that tho Federal Administration has failed to introdaco the legislation respecting Chinese immigration
pledged to the people of this Province by
tho present Prime Minister of Canada.**'
The whole, of tho jiibove resolutions'
wero then read and tho motion to adopt
was unanimously   carried,    amidst    tho.
A platform for workingmen, supported by those who are honest- in  their
, ,,, i, •
intention to carry it out.
Vote for the Liberal-Conservatives:
J. tiff jds. f. Men, l v. l M ■ L )L
Vancouver's Most       ^
Fashionable Tailor    -j
'. a.'mubray,
^S^X-*'   Westminster'Ave.
,"i   1*011 AM*,'KIN'11-S dl'   \"    '*
ss Stbvewobd
"Attacked nnd denounced as scaici'Iy
any other Institution over has been, the
unions hnve thilven and grown In the
face ot opposition. This hunlthy .vitality has been due to the fact that thfy
weie n genuine product of social needs
—Indispensable as a protest ,»nd a
.struggle against the abuses of liulus-
lilal government, and Inevitnble as n
consequence of that eonsclousnesR of
s,ticuglli Insphcil by the concentration
of numbers under the new conditions
of industiy. They have been, ns Is now
admitted by almost all candid minds,
Instiuments of progiess. Not to speak
of the mateilal advantages they have
gained for workingmen,, they" hav c .developed powei fui sympathies ., among
them, and,.taught them the lesson of
.self-sncilflcejn ,the,.new .Interest of
their brethren, nnd still more, a new
spliit of Independence and.self-respect.
They have, brought,, some, of the best
men to "the front,' and given them the
ascendancy due to their personal qualities and desirable in the interests of
society."—John K. Ingram, LL.D.
IIAItHJd sriiEKr l' UAIU*.
re. kiljsv.
TED. GO**.
Kmployinertt   unci   Oenertil Ajjent
Reul Kntiite and. Int-mrnnce I3roIcur
■■ Airhitc-jtunl
Plans ' und
Turin nml Timber LumK Itihine^ hih! Itcsi-
iltiiitiul Citv Proper^ for sale bpcnnl attention given*to -icllfiiK »»<1 renting house ami
store proport) ; rem*, i ollcttecl; uApuriencctl
valuator. '     '       '   !
Uoom y, TliompHon-OKle Hloclc,
519 Hastings St.; Vancouver
.   - -.     I : Jjj irr'* --If! '
— 'ANT)*
Soo Pacific Line
Pacific to 4tlantic
, \ ■* a I -1 '
Without Change
1'iilnci' nnd Tiiurlnl Meoiior<
Through lo
Toronto,   ,
jil'.lt       $   )   '
Montreal, ,
.ii.    i,
Boston and
St. Paul
Tiekt'ts to iiml from nil points in I'miHilii,
United Static mill 1Cuhi|H'. hnr folder-., immpli-
lett, und full Infofnihiloii/npplvta       ■   "
•'!■      I .   . I ■   , I      I
Or to
JAMES MII.ATKK. Ticket Agent,
llHAtiiigM StreL-t.Hiuf C. I'. It. Station,
Viiiii'imvor, 11., C.     ,1(
K. .1 COYLr, A. G. V. A.
Vnncoiner, 11. C.
iiise' i iieliii
nive the exclusive
igency of the . .
,   , . PACKARD SHOE and the ...
name alone implies the best there is'iii Shoes. . . .
PACKARD SHOES 'liave' for years been 'pre-eminently
the distinct leaders in tho United'States, and in in-,
troducing tliem we feel as though they were not an
experiment, but in quality the BEST SHOE manu
facture'd.' ^Y'e have'them in-all-stylesMnd leather"
at $5.00 per Pair.'
IA Cordova
Trees Sprayed Early;
 "- -AKvai|s -Sive Best Seesuits in Bearing
Fruit; Etc;^*^^
See our window for Spray Pumps, Pruning
Knives, Pruning Saws and everything else that is
needed for the purpose...' •     '
fl.A,      l*h.»ann>   JS     mT* n.        8,10.12 CihiIo'h Street, Mid 8,10
InO-S*   HJCIPO   €/*   *LOej   ft  «'*.t«Sm'B!.V«n«.u-'.r.
Front tStrvut, Atlln, 11. C.
Election Card
-• \ ~ n ..i	
Vote for^-^
M      l tl* U'- '
' 0  *,
, i fid
•n ?. -;.*•■
Read Their Platform
. . M'hF.1 A M'MI'I.TY 01- . . *   '   *
o    Dewar's special Liqueur, oiso..
o • ushers BiockHabei-Liqiieiir musior
. Cigars.
Quanx Bkos.,-' - '-'    Props.
UJION 'AND . G  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.  .MAY 26, 1900!  I The rate tor classified advertisements is  ono cent a word, hut no ml, will be in-  ��erted for loss than 25 cents.  Union Directory.  "Vancouver trades and labor  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vtcc-  jiresident, J. II. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, 1*. O. hox 159; linaiicial secretary, F. Williiims; treasurer. C. K.  Monck; statlstli-ian. W. M.icl.ain; scr-  Bcant-at-arms, W. Davis. Parliamentary  con inltU'i:���Chairman. Joliu Pi-mey; secretary, J. 11011011. ���MeetliiK���Klr.it anil  third Pililav in each month, al 7.30 p. m.,  1n Union hall, corner Dunsmulr anil  Jicincr streets.  VA.N'COU'U TYI'Oi'iRAl'iilCAl. UNION,  *No...'��>;, moots the last Sunday in each  month ul Union hull. President. K U  Woodruff- vict'incsiilciit. 3. C. Marshall;  ucciet.irv, J. l'\ Watkins; P. O. box M;  treasurer, W�� Brand: scrsei-iil-iU-iiniis,  * Guss J. Dunn; executive committee���  Chalrnian, J. C. Marshall; Geo. Wilby,  C B. Campbell, Q. T.' Dutton, W. Arni-  st'roinr. Dclosnti'g to the Trades and bailor council. J. C. Marshall, Coo. Wilby, C.  S. Caiii'ibidl. __._  tiTUK'KT HAlbWAY    XIWN'S*    UNION  Meets secuii'J and fourth Saturday of  t-ai-h month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  "Westminster avenue and Hastings Street  ut S l>. m. President, .1. Barton: vice-president, E. A. Snyder; secretary, II. O.  ���Thomas; treasurer. J. Jenkinson: conductor, A. Ross; warden, A. Russell; sentinel,  O. iA'iU'esty; delegates t�� Trades anil Ixijh-  or council: John Pearey, J. Barton, 11  3'runt, A. G. Perry, J. W. raxman.  Meetings.  "p. O. i!���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. Ji,  F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting members welcome. It. W. Find-  ley, TV. P., Province olllce; S. R. Robb,  W.  S., World  oflice.  f. O."oTi'.Tsl. U.-ixJYA!:r THINE FOR  15 VER iodffe, No. 7392, meets every seo-  end anil fourth Tuesday in the iii'OtitU In  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings street and ���Westminster live  ���aiiie, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cor  <l!aUy,. invited. .F. Black, N. G.; R. W  I'artradse, Becrctary.  To Let.  TO X,El--ROO"MS FOR LIGHT HOUSE  KEEPING; "well  furnished ami    clean.  $.-, per month. Apply room 19, 220. Kccfcr  St."  BXV     RENT-LARGE       STORE-W1TH  dwelling and stabling in  rear,  No. 910  ���Westminster avenue, omioslle Street Car  Sheds. Apply Geo. Wagu, Water street.  'TO'-iSm'I'UT NICE    COTTAGE, 1010  Third  Avenue,  Falrview;  one minute's  walk from 'trium ear; rent low to good tenant.     Apply to "Wobs'tev Rros., Granville  ���Street, or C. Duncan, this ollicc.  Help Wanted.  WANTED-A DRESSMAKER OR TAIL-  ORESS. Apply Vancouver Dye Works,  31 Cordova Street East.  Real Estate.  REAL ESTATE SNAPS.  IjOT ON     THIRTEENTH     AVENUE���  Near Jlonitoba���only '"HO; this is a bar-  eain.  T. Mathews,'ll" Hastings Street.  LOT  ON  M'ELVIULE  STREET���NEAR  Bute, 33 feet; nice situation; only :j*75.  T.   Mathews,   '17   Hastings   Street.  HOUSE  AND  LOT ON  TENTH AVE-  NUE.  Mount Pleasant,  near Westminster Avenue, 7 rooms; in good condition;  price   $1,050.   T.. MaUiows,   417   Hastings  "Btreet.  NEW HOUSE AND CORNER LOT ON  Ninth Avenue, with modern conveniences.   Price  $1,250;  .terms  to  arrange.   T.  Mathews, Hastings Street.  NICE   LOT   ON   HARWOOD   STREET,  .    near Thurlow, 33 ft.; fine view of English Bay. Price $550. T. Mathews, '17. Has-  . tings Street.,  IX3T ON SEVENTH AVENUE, MOUNT  Pleasant,  near car line.  Only. $325. : T.  Mathews, 417 Hastings Street-  ..lioUSE AND LOT ON HOMER STREET  near Smythe; six rooms and 'bath. Only  ���*1,350. These buys are worth looking up.  T.  Mathews, 417  Hastings  Street. '  Educational.  THE INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE Schools of Scranton; Pa., is for  the home study of industrial science,  ���taught by mall. Apply Geo. H. Skefflng-  ton, room 4, Letevre block, Vancouver.: P.  O. box 519.     Y  Next imperial census���March.31, 1901..  .   Kailroadg  ot  East   and  West  Java  Sia-ye recently been united, and one can  now travel from one end of the island  **".-o the other in two days.  Vancouver Steam Dye "Works, 14 Cordova street east, for dyeing, cleaning  and repairing ladles and gents' cloth-  =SnB,=curtalii3fete~J=Gr--B.ougier,=pro-  prielor.  The old and reliable dyeing and  cleaning establishment, ; 14 Cordova  street east, near the track. Work done  "here is done well, and cannot lie improved on.  J. G. Rougier, proprietor.  THE UNION LABEL.  ' The union label is the guide post of  union labor. It points the safe way  in buying. It shows the wage worker  where to tind friends among employers.  The label shows that a fellow-unionist  lias been over the ground and fought  against oppression. Its use is fraternal in a high sense.  . Where a union man tlmls a label of  any ursa11l7.11 tion lie knows lie 1'an help  I'rii'iids. The printer who buys a blue  Inbi'j cigar knows that he Is not help-  In'* si'iui' sweat islmp employer forci;  lung hours and unsanitary conditions  upon his workers; tin- voter who demands I lie union label on all public  supplies is assured that hi' Is preventing penitentiary competition from forcing the rale of wages down.  Tl|..> label is a guarantee of skilled  work. It has an Important mission  hero to tlio man who knows little about  unionism. Ho eaa ask for the hihi-1  aii'ii becsiirc that what lie sets will be  made only by honest labor. The union  label Is never put on work that carries  disease, from llltliy surroundings or  represents shoddy material ami half-  done labor.  What the union label stands for and  why it should bo generally supported  are well slimmed up by .1. N. Bogarl.  an organizer of the American Federation of Labor, and labor editor of the  New York Evening Journal, In an'article which won the prize offered by  the_.Social 'Reform Club of New York  fo.i-'tlic best essay on the union label.  His reasons were:  "Because it supersedes the'strike, the  lockout and the destructive boycott: it  is the outward manifestation of harmony between employer and workman,  binding both parties to maintain their  friendly relations and the continued  approval and patronage of a discriminating public.  "Because it condemns child labor aid  humanizes factory life.  "Because it minimizes convict competition with free and honest labor.y  "Because it wipes out tenement and  sweatshop systems of production.  "Because it has ferreted out, exposed  nnd cleansed the unwholesome cellar  bakery.  "���Because it shortens the workday  and gives the toller time to read and  think and cultivate the social side of  life.  "Because it guarantees a living wage  and rational conditions of employment..  "Because it stands for quality and  honest workmanship.  "Because it is not a weapon for industrial war. but,an olive branch held  out to hind the brotherhood of man."  BEWARE     OF    ANTE-ELECTION  PROMISES.  UNION MEN ATTENTION.  All union men in the city are hereby  notitled that Donaldson & Matthews,  the Cordova street clothiers, hatters  and men's outfitters, have Just opened  out another large shipment of Union  label pants engineers, painters, bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons, smocks, etc. Donaldson  & Matthews, men's outfitters, 74 Cordova street.  Patronize home Industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars. They are  union made and the best cigars In the  market.  Citizens ot Ottawa ycry promptly returned to Saiidou with splendid interest,  the British Columbia city's., contribution  to the Hull and Ottawa IScliiif ������*imd. San-  don sent $100: Ottawa returned $M, as  the result of private subscriptions.  The work ot the Victorian Order of  Nurses iiiifiirtunaitely failed here in Vnn-  ccuvcr, but the ladies oC llie Oilier at  Ottawa have rendered very valuable aid  recently to sick persons suffering from the  effects"of Die,great fire nnd its shock.  The City of Toronto Is' about,.to miss  a.by-law to prevent' the posting of indecent placards, which are there stinted  to have bocome a dlsrcputable nuisance.  The only great and prosperous district  in England thai has, yet fairly begun to  do its duty towards India in the way of  famine relief is Lancashire, which has  already raised about ��100,000 for the purpose. The general fund raised by the  ]x>rd Mayor of London only amounts to  about ��250,000 at the present time and Is  not a third of what it should be. Meanwhile the Presbyterians of Canada have  proportionately done well, having already  raised nearly $30,000 towards Indian Famine Relief.  The story that the King ot Sweden and  Norway, may resolve to abdicate his  throne in favor of the Crown Prince, ns  11 result ot tlie dissatisfaction amongst  ills subjects, caused by his sympathy with  Great Britain on tho South African question ^is obviously a fabrication. The King  of Sweden and Norway is very popular  in Sweden and personally.' well liked in  Norway, despite some ���friction over tile  terms of, union between the two countries. He is much more popular and in  eveiy respect a finer and abler character  than his son the Crown Prince, who is  rather exrtravogant and erratic.  Civil Service Candidates  Attention.  If you wish to puss at tlie (urniing exainiiui-  tlnn.you ���>honl<l uokui now. Although we have  not us yot IiikI u fuilun.:,' we cannot i*nnt;h ynn  suci'L'ssfuIlv if vou cniiniiciicu. tun Into. TIIK  II. H. A. VOtfKI. COMMKRC1AI, COI-LKCiK. 1\  O. Hnx :JI7.  rBag��  Large, assortuiont and  good value. Decorate  for the 24th.  BAILEY BRO&. CO., Ltd.  HllllXM, HTATIUXIHIY, I'llllTCI SITI'I.IKS,  CTC.  1!IS Ciirilurii Stnt't     -     -      Viiiiioiiver, li. <:  The Artizan and       0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ii?.. Medicines  Good loilet Articles.  We Sell Them.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  WO Cordova Street, Cor. Alibott,  KDiCiruuvilk-Stu'ut.Cor. Kob.-im,  Jtrlnt* us your I'iiksciiiitkinm.  Hooks,  Stationery!  fancy (foods,  School Books.  I.   O.  C.  603 Hastings St.  TO THE  Provincial Electors  of British Columbia.  The Gold Seal Liquor Company are  live business men, and sell tlie very  liest goods on t'he market at white  men's prices. Red Cross ale and porter,  "us well as imported kinds, are sold by  this   up-to-date  establishment.  ' There are now em ployed on the roller  , works of ;tlie famine districts oC India  4,810,000 persons; the distress caused  by.the famine Is Incrcnslni* in extent  ��nd severity, nnd Ihe prices of food are  ���tearfully high.  * "Warm, weather Is upon us. Now  Is the time to look out for a first-class  baker, who makes good and vholo-  Binne bread. ' The Superior Bakery  fills the bill completely. Free delivery  In any part of the city. Tel. 109. Deck-  ��rt & Teitze, proprietors, corner Duf-  crin and Fifth avenue.  In many countries the custom of  Plan tin-; trees to mark special evente Is  well known, and in Japan the Wrth of  a child is thus commemorated. The  ���Kipling is carefully tended until lt is  fully grown;, ���and'vwhen the child is  erown up and about to be married, it  is cut down.arid.made into furniture  for tlKJ*fiome'Q/ 'tlie ytmng poupte. -,*-\.  GENTLEJIEN,-  Mr. Somlin haying resigned the leadership of the "Provincial Party, which he.  had held since 1S94, I have accepted the  position ait the unanimous request of the  memibers of the L-effislature Who supported the late Government. -.  I am opposed to tho introduction of  Federal party lines Into the conduct of  Provincial affairs. I believe that the interests of the Province can be served  best l)y the hearty co-operation of men of  both Federal parties.  In 1S97 Mr. Semlin as the Leader of the  Provincial Party sot forth the main features of its policy. They comprised an  equitable redistribution of electoral representation; greater economy and more efficiency In the Civil Service; a liberal expenditure on public works, but more careful supervision of the outlay; the discouragement, of Oriental immigration;  belter administration of the public lands  in the interests of actual settlers and Industrial enterprises; the repeal of'-,., the  mortgage tax and the abolition of the tax  on men working in mines for wages and a  radical change In the manner In which  aid for the construction of railways is  granted.  The record of the Party tor the eighteen months during which it was in power shows that it adhered faithfully to tilie  policy 'outlined by Mr. Somlin and to the  Pledges given at the Elections in 1S9S.  It abolished the mortgage tax and the  tax on working miners. It offected economies in the cost of the Civil Service and  made it more efficient.. It stopped the  sale of large tracts of land to Speculators.  It carried >on public work in a more businesslike manner. While it was prevented  by the decision of the Judicial Oommlt-  .tee;Ofithe,--lMvyiCounciUand=the=veto��of  the Dominion Government from carrying  out all its measures for the restriction of  Oriental competition with white labor, its  urgent representations have secured a  promise from the Dominion Government'  that it will pass legislation at this session of Parliament to restrict Oriental  immigration, n stopped tihe system of  granting Immense tracts of land to railway companies without any tangible return therefor or control over freight rates.  It introduced a Bill to give a more cquit.  able distribution of electoral representation than now exists and would havo  succeeded In the object for which tho  people have struggled for years but for  the notion ot some who placed their own  ambitions before the public good, and the  gratlllcn'lon of personal nplte before tlio  fulfilment of tholr pledges. It restored  order In the Provincial finances and provided for the discharge of ileileits accumulated before it came into olllce by a loan  negotiated at a higher price, nnd with  less expense than in any previous Issue.  From tho foregoing lt. will be seen that  the Provincial Party when. In power carried out the pledges made by It to tlie electors.  While pledging the Party to do Its 'best  to carry out those parts of the policy  enunciated in ISO", whlcli have not yot  been aocom-ilished,. there are now other  questions which demand attention. On  tlielr-prompt and satisfactory solution  depend, to a great extent, the progress  of the Province and theproaperity of all  classes of Its people.' ''���'.',   .\  Among these matters one of the most  Important ,ls the opening up of all parte  of British'Columbia by railways. .In tho  past large tracts of land and considerable sums of money have been granted  to ,ald the construction of railways but  the results have not been commensurato  with the assistance which was given.  Tho immediate construction of 1,000  miles of new railways would still leavo  many parts of the Province without railway facilities. Various proposals have  been made "with a view to expending tho  length of railways in tlio Province.  Among these the construction and operation of railways by the Province has  been prominently advocated. I am myself in favor of the State ownership ot  raiiways and other works for a similar  character when the conditions are such  as to make it feasible. But I think that  those who urge that the Province immediately'enter on such a policy overlook the  fact that the conditions here are very  uitrerent from those w'hleh prevail in Australia and New Zealand, countries referred to in support of the argument for  State ownership. They have the control  of the revenue from Customs and Inland  Revenue receipts. We have neither of  those sources but can only fall back on  direct taxation. Our credit and ability  to borrow are, therefore, very limited and  our present possible resources quite inadequate to meet the cost of constructing 300 or 400 miles of railway, amounting to from $10,000,000 to $15,000,000. Even  could such a sum be borrowed It would  be only on terms so onerous as to Involve  trebling the rate of taxation on the taxpayers of the whole Province, while tho  expenditure would only benefit those of  one. district. It 'had been also suggested  that the Crown lands would form a security for raising loans. But, as a faot,  the sales of lands to settlers do not realise enough to pay for the expenses incurred in opening up new districts ���byroads and bridges, while theso new settlers cannot bear any increase in the burdens of taxation. To attempt to Impose a  hjghor raje_of_*axait1on_wo'Uld_result_in  'retarding-"the progress of the Province  and thus neutralise the object had in  view by-opening it up.  It is however, the duty of those who  ask for popular support to be prepared to  devise some plan for the accomplishment of what is clearly in the public interest���the extension of railways in tlie  Province. I accept that responsibility. I  would make a radical change in our railway policy with a view to accelerating  the present rate of construction and tho  ultimate adoption  of State ownership.  Under the present system of granting  charters by tho Legislature we imposo  many needless obstacles and delays in  the way of the investment of money In,  railways. Wo should not take as our  modcta'In such a matter old and thickly  settled countries', but those similar to thin  Province. In tlio Western States of the  Union wo find It Is ns easy to inconwr.  ate a railway ns lt Is hero to incorporate  a company for nny commercial puriwwe. 1  would, therefore, proiwso to follow their  example nml Initiate a policy of "Freo  Trncle in Railways." That policy has largely extended railway mileage lo the south  of us; it will do the same here. Let a  General Railway Act be passed authorising any company on comply!fit* with certain regulations to have power to build  a railway. Provisions would bo made for  the acquisition of tho lines by tho Province nt certain poriodBOn cqultablo toi-ms  and State ownership would thus be secured when the Province could undertake  it. The regmJatilon of freight rates would  also be secured. There is nothing revolutionary about this. It already exists In  India. Instead of 'hampering capital we  should give lt an open field, and I am  confident that in a very short time we  shall then find many new railways being  built. I am aasurod that with "Free Trada  in Railways" a line up the Fraser Valley  would be begun at once. If the Province saw fit to aid any road, it would  rooelve securities in exchange for such  assistance and this would practically bo  so much paid towards the ownership by  the Province. Such a policy I am convinced would revive enterprise; bring capital and .provide much employment for our  people, without imposing on the taxpayers any additional burdens.  Among other measures which I would  propose would be tho carrying out of  public works under the systom. of efficient supervision Introduced by the late  Government so as to open up the Province and provide good roads for settlers.  I would propose to re-introduce the following Bills Introduced at the last session, viz.:  To repeal the Alien Exclusion Act of  JSS9;  To amend the Liquor Licence Aot of  1SS9;  To provide for the compulsory scaling  of logs;  To redistribute the electoral representation of the Province;  To amend tho Act for tho establishment of a Bureau of Labor and of Councils of Conciliation and Arbitration;  To re-enact the Labor Regulation Act.  Also to introduce legislation for the  following purposes:  To provide for the payment of fair  wages on any work to which Government subsidies or other aid is given, or  under any contract with tho Government;   .  To give relief to the settlers on the  Usqu1ma.lt & Nanalmo Railway Company's land grant, if the obligation to do  ^r?-.1*.JP-UIld- tp_rost_on_tlie-Provl!ice-and  88S��g��8SS��e������8^8g��8SS8��8��SS��gSSg88��S������������S��Si  THE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  LIMITED^  FORMERLY C. WOOIIWARD.  ODD LINKS OF CORSETS at Sic, 50c," nnd "wc. Worth double the  money. VISIT OUR CAJtPKT D10PART.MiI5.NT AND SAVB .-MONBy.  T.UK'Stry carpets "He, '0c. 4.1c, *J0e, these tire lower than miction sale  prices.  Hoys' flannelette shirts ir>o: men's heavy cotton sox Th-: men's I ply  lineu collars, etaiul up or turn, down 5c; boys' plaid Windsor ties iu silk  ���5c; boys' utraw huts ISc.  Siieclal for 111011, Friday and Saturday only. Dongola lace IiootH, black  or tun, fancy vesting to'is.  McKny sewn. Regular Jl.00, for JXU0.  1'ILAGS I.-OR ALl^���10c a doa. upwards. LUNCH BASKETS 10c, liV, ax-.  3��, each. HAMMOCKS���Lurgem assortment In City. SOc each to $11.(10,  worth M per cent. more. FISH ING TACKLE-J^mls 10c each nip. Hooks,  lines, flies, etc.        BOOKS���No vcls r>c, 10c,  15c up.  .Swede turnip at 20 and liV:: mangel 35c; lawn grass 20c lb. ISvun.s'  garden sprayers at $1.10 and Sl.tSi each.  Insect powder 50c. Moth bulls ���Inc. Citrate of ,magnesia' *��e lb. Prescriptions carefully Ailed, . YY-.,...,    ���  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave., and Harris St.  Your children muMc! TIiiti*  is pleasure niul-proi'it in It. Thu  beat Cumuli-in ami Kn^l tsli  Pianos,  tiiti best Citnadian Orpins; lii'**-  M>ii '"I'niloiYjie" UiiihI J'l.-ti-u-  jui-nts; ami the best In till  Musical Goods-.  All at hist iirices niul terms nt  Stoult's Music Store.  W0 Oiiinvillo Street1, opp. P. 0.  |c,ev^r���rdBicijcic*!  ��� CCCCCOOCCO jr  I Wm. RALPH, tfeSX^ |  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������  oooooaooosGoaoaoaeocQCoacoaooaaaooocoscosaacacoaasoa  n 0  6  0  o  o  o  a  a  a  a  o  a  a  o  a  n  o  o  n  a  1 linveii number of lingo Ion- feir s-nlc In that part of theritv, iiiiiiieilimolv nil-  jolniiij- J-'iiilvii'iv on the uc.-t. Si 1110 nn- nciir llie iieiifii (just inii-t lire, i-'yj mid  Millie lmrk 1111 llie rising jiruiiiid; tiii-y iiro splendidly Mlutitcd. Tlic-o iiienolor-  ililmry Mimll lot.-., but lire  I OOx 130 feet, almost I -3 acre each,  $200 each, on terms  mid ,"��� ] er rent.  choice u-Hilciil-..-.* ���������  not  icumin king .untold  bought funnine.  . . -..,.- -*-.... -.,.- -.. .... ..-.-���..   'Ibis property, which will cventuallv be the  choice u-HiK'iiliiil-piirt of tliecity, lia.s never been on ihe. ninrkut before, "and will  discount for cash.  iccitv, h...  Tlie  liist  Hl-IV-l     -'-.'CI'   VII    11IU   IIIIII KUI    UL'K'ii:,   HUH    Will  ituyuis have tlm choice.   They can only be  T. H. Calland, 623 Hastings St.  Opposite I.l'lniid Hotel.  cceccceccccccccccGccccrcccccccccccccceccccecccccccco  not on the Dominion  To make an arrangement with tlie  same Company for 'the opening up of its  lands under Government supervision so  as to secure more rapid settlement  To afford facilities for the acquisition  and cultivation of small agricultural hold-  ings-  To develop tho export trade to the  Territories of fruit and' other produce,  and for co-operating with the Dominion  in the fostering of the dairy- industry;  To give a bolter tenure of lessees of  placer claims so as to Induce the Investment of capital in large hydraulic on-  terprisco;  It Is also dcali-AWe that some arrangement should be made with Hie Dominion  Government to permit of mineral depositH  on Indian reserves being workod by whito  miners.  In regard to tho Kight-llour Law, It appears to mo that the question Is simply  ono of the scale of wages. I have reason  to bollove that nn adjustment of tho dispute will soon bo reached by the parties  interestod, and In that case they will  probably make some recommendations as  to certain modifications in tho present  l.-w. If nn amicablo settlement is not  reached, it should bo the duty of the  Government to make a report to the  Legislature at the earliest possible time,  giving ail the facts of the case, with its  recommendation as to what course should  be taken to restoro harmony between  the mine-owners and miners.  I am,    Gentlemen,  Tour Obedient Sen-ant,  ��. CAESIER-COH0N.  0 HIS. mlZ  507-513 Hosimos sireet.   IB HO., Fill DfiDlR ElG  We keei>-  tho well-known and popular  make:-���the kinds that, give  i*tttit,factiou.  T. B. Cuthbertson ���� Co.,  Hatters mid Habcrdushers,  -397 Hastings St.  IINION-MADE BREAD  *J "-KOU-TJI K-l'lSOl'I-K.   'Viiroiis will call at imy'imrt of the city;  prompt attention mid civility nt nil tiini's; Kilns n t ri ill nml bosiitl.sliL'il.  ���SUPERIOR   BAKERY,  DliCKEKT it TIKT7.E       -     ���       Proprietors  Corner Diilfoiin nnd Filth Avenue.  Telephone 701*.  ��|)icer Shingle Mill  Co., Ltd.  For Summer Fuel ami Kindling Wood.  Suitable For Cooking Stove, Air  right Heiitci-  or Grille.  $1.50 Per Load  By fur the Cheiipost, nnd iii evorv wnv the most,  siitisfnctory fuel in the market.  ��� SPICER SHINGLE ill COf ANY, HUM,  North Bud Cmiibie Street Bridge  TEI-EPHONK 3ti,j.  We hnve Just rurrlreil the liiniosl  nml best stni'l* of SritlMi Hats ive  linve ever offered lu Vniiiuiivcr.  Tlioy lire stylish nnd durable.  U. ROBERTSON,  20 COltlJOVA STKEET.  HOTEL NORDEN  23 CORDOVA STREET, Vancouver, B. C.  RATES���Board and lodslnff, SI per day;  So per week. The bar is supplied with the  choicest brands ,of wines, 'liquors and  cigars. Best draught beer, ale and porter, 5 cents a glass. The hotel has been  newly  furnished   throughout.  P. LABS-EN, PKOPJMBTOB.  Qua.vn Ems.,    -   -     Props..  Seymour Strcout,  i *  Clubb & Stewart  Is the pliiec to puri'liiKC your lino ftim-  lshiui/'Miiidclniliini;.   The latest  ��      stylos in  ���HATS:  , Are noiv on exhibition ut our store,  160 Cordova St.  * TEL. 702.  ���W  ti  1*1


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