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The Independent Apr 6, 1901

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 f^y^fy^^^J^jt^ cr-t^C^^L^-^  NEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE 00  Tho oldest and largest interna*  tlonal company in the world.  Supervised by  b2 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancodykr.  VOL. 3.  OTTAWA FIRE WSURMCE CO  Authorized Capital  -  (1,600,000  Subscribed Capital   - -    500,000   .  Government Deposit -        81,000  H. J�� Moorhouse, * ..  General Agent for I). C. and Alberta.  30 and 31 Flack Block, Vancouver.  TRIDfiS AND L4B0R OOUffCIL  There was a fair attendance of delegate:) at Friday night's meeting of the  Trades unit Labor Council. President  Joseph Dixon was in the chair, and in  the absence of Secretary Marshall, H.  "Williamson acted pro tern.  Credentials were received /rem K. V.  Balstone and Milton D. Campbell, Am-  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 6,  1901.  to be forwauded to Victoria:  Whereas���A. bill (No. 25) intituled  "An act to provide lor* the collection  of a tax on persons (which Is more  commonly known as tlie poll tax),  whereby tho said tax Is to be Increased  I in ni $3 to $5, and  AVliereas-7-The Hon. Mr. Turner and  ills associates In 1S96 raised the taxes  un real estate, causing the people to  pay tS tor every So paid previously; on  personal property t'S tor every $2 paid  previously  m MM STRIKE SETTLED  The miners of Van Aiula are to be  congratulated upon having tlielr late  strike so satisfactorily terminated.  Tlie union is one of the youngest and  NO. 2.  an answer has been received from the  canners, stilting that they would be  glad to meet them as soon ns their association had elected their now ofllcers,  up to date nothing further has been  heni'J from the canners, and the white  IIHicnncn are feeling: very unsettled by  THE ROSSLIM TROUBLE.  and F.Rawling, Bakers and'Confcc  tioners.    Delegates were obligated and  took their seats.  COMMUNICATIONS.  The Bakers' Union submitted a lengthy statement regarding amendments  to the Shops Regulation Act, now before the Legislature. On molion, the  requests were endorsed.1  Several communications were received from the local members at A'lctorla,  acknowledging receipts of letters, and  referred to Parliamentary Committee.  From the Texada Minors' Union, No.  113 re strike.   Filed.  From G. Weston Wrigley, "Citizen  and Country," Toronto, and several  others, asking for information regarding School Teachers' Union. ..Secretary  to reply.  From the Sons of Wales, Clly, conveying the thanks of that body for  favors.    Filed.  From Deputy Postmaster-General, re  grievances  of letter-carriers.    Filed.  From AV. IT. Bnmbury, Secretary  Phoenix Trades and Labor Council nt  length, regarding affairs at that camp.  Filed.  From XV. J. Orr, Secretary of Retail  Clerks' Association, ro the?matter of  publishing names of union and nonunion firms, and asking members to call  for the clerks' card.? Referred to Label  Committee.  From United Brotherhood of Carpenters, and Joiners requesting all union  men connected with the Council when  a contract Is let or labor employed, to  see that nothing but union labor Is employed.,   Approved.  * WATER  TAX BY-LAW.  The  Parliamentary  Committee was  Instructed,to.take immediate action on  By-law No. 3G2, re assessing property  adjacent to water-pipes.  ALLEGED "SCAB" LABOR..  The delegates of the Ship Carpenters'  "Union, wrote that the steamship McDonnell on Mr. Wallace's ways, Is still  employing "scab" labor. The ship carpenters lowered the wages 50 cents a  day on local Work, but thoy still refuse  to comply with?the rules.- -The different unions were requested to take notice of same/ and not to work on it,  ...while such men are employed.  PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEE.  Your committeebeg to report having  arranged  a  special    meeting    with' a  committee   from     the    Typographical  union  regarding  school    books    being  printed at Victoria by the government.  . Through some misunderstanding, however,  the committee from    the Typographical  union  did   not  make   their  appearance.   Your committee beg to be  relieved from taking,up that question  anld .suggest  thata special committee  bo appointed for the purpose of going  Into thennatter in detail.   In reference  to the discussion at the lost meeting  of the countl, brought up by the Re-  tall   Clerks'   union, on the matter of  early closing of stores, your committee  beg to report that Bro. Macpherson, of  this committee, used  his influence  to  have the "Shops Regulation Act of 1000"  5i���soamended-as to'inakel^applIcabltTtd"  the City    of Vancouver.   XVe   further  beg to report that his efforts have been  crowned with success, as a bill giving  the city power to close the stores at  certain hours has been Introduced In  the House of Assembly by Mr. Martin,  being bill No. *!,  "An Act?to nmonld  chapter 3-1  of  the    statutes  of 1000."  Your committee forwarded Instructions  to the members for the city to support  that bill.  Your, committee also beg to report  having forwarded bill No, 31, Intituled  "Steam Boilers Inspection Act, 1901,"  to the Boilermakers' union to look Into,  and offer any suggestions that they  might have with regard to said bill.  The Boilermakers returned the bill and  reportdd thnt with the exception that  Inspectors appointed should be practical bollermakers the bill was nil right.  Your committee, therefore, forwarded  Instructions to our city members and  Mr. Smith Curtis to support the bill,  and suggested that nn amendment covering the bollermakers' request be  placed In the bill.  Your committee beg further to report  having caused the following resolution, i  In the matter of raising the poll* tax,' hour,  strongest on the coast and the outlook [this seemingly   unnecessary delay  for it is very promising. ' Special mention must be made of the way the ofllcers conducted affairs from tlie beginning of the trouble.   The union nt no  .,.._....-..,..,,   anid  on   wild   laud  $5  for  algamated  Wood   Workers',   No.   145; | every * I paid previously, and  Whereas���The income and succession  time was desirous of Interfering with  duty tax has been altered recently so'  us to produce more revenue, and,  Whereas���The assessment act last  year was altered so as1 to make It return more money Into the coffers of tho  province, and,  Wliereus���A now  tax was placed on  the management In the selection of its  employes, but they did emphatically  object to the emp'lomcnt of Japanese,  which action they were perfectly justified In taking.-.'Commissioner Bremner  ,      .,   ���i"_  "."."i  T" .  '"' V"-"" "   did good  work in   bringing   employer  ccal unlj coke at thu Inst session of the        . " '    '  would be to the advantage of all concerned If prices wero settled Immediately; as it will require some little  time to settle those matters, and delays are dangerous. The canners cannot say that it is the fault of the flsh-  Mncdonald especially said that he  would encourage men to Join the union.  1 do not understand how this cannot  be done without creating trouble. This  is my recollection of the matter. Youra  The    Rossland     World    prints     an  editorial  regarding  Its  sequel  of  the  present agitation.    When  the  trouble sincerely,'                    RALPH SMITH,  between    tlie    mine owners and em- These letters were shown Mr. Kirby  ployees occurred  a little  over a year "*"������   contrary  to  promise  in  the  last  ago it was settled, as nearly everyone l'"*t**nce as in the first, he simply said  in Rossland knows, upon certain lines. "�����* wouiii 'lbl'i<*  a?  Ms m*st decision,  present parliament, which should add  t'ii. the revenue of the province If the  mines are operated, and  Whereas*���The opening up of the vast  coal mines in East Kootenay, at the  Crow's" Nest Pass, during the last two  years, upon which a royalty of 5 cents  a ton has to be paid to the province,  and  Whereas���The opening up of these  new mines, together with provisions  made for extra taxation, at tlio last  two sessions of the house, has been  computed to Increase the revenue by  about'$'150,000.per annum when in full  operation, anld '���  Whereas���The School bill which has  iiccn Introduced tills session and read  I he second time, without ? a division,  will relieve the province some where  in tiie neighborhood of 5100,000 per annum, and  Whereas���The minister of education  iiiiy said that the financial part of the  bill must stand, and  Whereas���A poll lax is most obnoxious,   most unjust,  and  very difficult  to collect from all; obnoxious, In that  it Is similar to  the dog tax which Is  placed on.the head of canines to keep  thcai  from    becoming    too  numerous,  anid thereby becoming a nuisance; ditto witli men, so says the government;  unjust, in that it does not'take from  men according to tlieir ability to pay-  to  wit;  from  the laborer,  it  demands  four  days', labor  of  10  hours  a  day,  and from well-paid managers but one  licur, hence the injustice of It; difficult  to .collect;?   in    that    past    experience  shows  that  the returns from .the ' tax  never equals the names on the: voters'  lists,  and  it should  far  exceed  them,  :;s there- are a large number of aliens  and people between' IS and 21, nig? well  as  the Chinese and Japs  who should  pay,  but who are  not on  the  voters'  lists, and  they far exceed  the militia  .In numbers, who are the only ones exempt from the tax, and  Whereas���Those wlio escape paying  the tax are not the employees, but rather the well-to-do employers, or those  who can live without working; therefore  , In view of the above facts we contend that there is no nedd for a poll  tax at all, and denounce it as a most  outrageous proposition for any sane  government to propose to place? on the  statute books of any country. There-  Cere,' be It  Resolved���That wo call on all  members of the house to vote against  every: section between one and eleven  of said  bill.   Arid be it further  Resolved���That we more particularly  request the representatives of.this city  to speak, work and vote against the essence of this bill. And be it still further  Resolved���That we send a copy of  this resolution to each of our members  and Hon. Smith Curtis, authorising  them to use it as they see 'fit in the  house.  "Whereas, the City of Vancouver has  recognised  the principles of unionism  by the calling for tenders for goods  having the Union Label attached.where  possible)  and whereas,the  Board  of  School Trustees Is employing men by  the day who are working contrary to  the recognised  rules of the  trade at  which they are working; Therefore, be  It resolved, that we ask the B:ard cf  School Trustees to pass a resolution at  Its next meeting, that all work be done  ;laccordlng_to_.the_recognised-ruies of-the  various trades;   further be it resolved,  that a copy be forwarded to the School  Board.     We further beg to draw the  attention of delegates to the fact that  the Voters' List closes on the _tilth of  this month, nnd we desire to press upon the delegates the urgent necessity  of seeing that every one who has not  rcgls-tered, Is placed on the list."  GENERAL  BUSINESS.  Organiser   Watson  stated   that  the  musicians were about to organise.  Grievances In connection with the  tailoring trade were also discussed, nnd  'In'addition to the Civic clothing contract It was stated that the Baseball  Club had its uniforms made by a  non-union concern.  The bakers stated that there were  some members of unions patronising  the non-union baker shop.  Pnlntlng by day labor by contractors  on the City schools was discussed at  length, but laid over.  The Rustic Restaurant was reported  to be unfair.  Certain hotels _were reported to be  patronising non-union bread.  Action will be taken.  Mr Robert Macpherson, ex-M. P. P.,  will speak in the Union Hall on Wednesday, April 10th, upon the increased  taxation In the Province, and its effect  and employed to a belter understanding of one another's interest, he, too,  deserves a measure of praise for .'.his  assistance. .The management of the  cempany promise In future to not em-  Ploy cheap coolie labor, arid of course  will not go back on their word. Following letters explain themselves:  o ' ��� .  To the Editor of The Ixden.ndi_.nt:  Sir,���Will you kindly allow me space  In your next issue to inform the read-  era thereof that at a.-,special meeting v~  of the Texada Miners': union, No.' 11.1,   fn.mi's in ��'�� vicinity of Golden during  i *_.- _  _ ���  These lines embodied certain conditions  upon    both    parties.    It  Is  also  well  known    that   Hon. Ralph Smith and  Hon.  R.  C.  Clute  were paramount in  ermen, and the public should'know this   bringing about that settlement.   When  fact.   The fishermen  have    shown  by   these gentlemen left the city to return  their action'that they are willing to   to  their private business,  everything  cn-cparnte   with   the  canners  and  ar-   was satisfactorily arranged and an air  range prices for the season, but  other hand the canners did not1 appear   has only been marred by later develop- _....���_.�� ......  to be any too willing to act, at least ments_ One of the agreements entered be. permitted upon the company's land  one would think so by the,, dilatory into at the time mentioned was that '**��� !"*ch capacity. Askedi if he could  manner'in which they are acting."        no opposition should be offered to so-  suggest some one of his employees for  icltlng membership to the union, and   tlu? Position who would not be obnox-  and thus refuse the right of solicitation to an organization he had promised not to oppose. Upon Mr. Maedon-  a id's arrival in Rossland an audience  was secured with him. He too had no  recollection of such a statement being  made or agreement entered into. He  had no intention, he said, of antngon-  : on the I of prosperity prevailed in the city that | i;!'"*S*"*"��� union' but a certain delegate  -     ' I - -as obnoxious to them and could not  CANADIAN LABOR NOTES.  The Kootenay Lake Sawmill, of Kas-  Ib, has put on a full force of men and  started up for the season.  Large numbers of men have been  arrTviing ;, from? the ��� various 'lumber  W.'F. of At., the following was submitted; for consideration: "Whereas���The  management .of .the"Van Anda mines  has promised your committee that the  Japanese are out of the mines, and out  for goad; that the mines would be run  by the .bondholders and not by the old  company, as previously reported."  After due consideration it was resolved that the strike be declared off from  to-night, .April'2nd,- 1901. The resolution was carried unanimously by the  meeting.   lam respectfully yours,  ALFRED RAPBR, Secretary.  Van Anda, B. C, April 2, 1901.  E. P. Bremner, Esq.,  Labor Commissioner:  Sir,���In reply to your request I would  beg to say that so~far lis the Van Anda strike its concerned with the present  dispute and the Texada Miners' union.  No. 113, Western Federation of Miners,  the only question of dispute which the  organization has taken any cognizance  of Is the employment of Japanese to fill  the places of white laborers'.   The management having expressed their intention to keep out the Japanese for good,  rill-dispute ends.   The union has at no  time wished to be understood as in anyway as deiiirous of interfering with the  management in the selection.of Its employees (Orientals excepted) of its underground or other   white   workmen.  They only ask a fair field and no favors.    Thanking you. for your kindness  in coming up here, and Iwould assure  you that the union will at all times.prefer to act in harmony with the management, as such always redounds to  the benefit of both parties.   I am respectfully yours,  ALFRED RAP.ER,  Sec'y Texada Miners'Union, No. 113.'  Van Anda, B. C, .April 3, 1001.  the past week. '���' The season's operations  in the woods are about ended and have  been fairly successful.  ' The Toronto Musical Protective Association, after a hard fight against  powerful odds, seems at last to have  scored good and heavy, in the matter  of military union bands. The Queen's  Own Band is now reorganized as a  straight union band.  By the middle of next month tlie  agreement arrived at last year between the Montreal > cigarmaikers and  the manufacturers will have expired,  and it is believed there will be some  interesting developments. The' union  Is preparing for.' an emergency. ,  .The stonemasons, bricklayers, carpenters, painters of .Nelson. B..C, now.  work eight hours and the plumbers  start on an. S-hour day on April 1st.  1001.  Mr. McDonald even went so far as to  say that he would encourage his employees to join that organization. This  arrangement went well for a while, or,  In fact/until a member of the union  was appointed .? a walking delegate.  Shortly after this appointment the secretary of the union?was served, with a  notice from the managers of the three  big companies that in future no walking delegates would be permitted upon  the lands of the companies for the purposes for which they were appointed  ind  he answered  that he ��� could  not, that he would not know if anything of tlie kia'd was being done, providing, of course, it was not done upon  the company's property.' He .was willing  that  such  solicito.tion   should  be  made, but it must not be done on the?  "hill." . And such Is the amount of confidence that can be placed in the Word,  of these two. gentlemen.,. Both agree'd.  to  not Interfere.with  the union, and .  one even went so.- far:? as  to say he ?���  would encourage his employees to join,  A committee waited upon Mr. KIrby, | but  what, are they doing now? , Sup-  of. the War Eagle-Centre    Star,-  Mr.  Macdonald of the B. A. C. being absent  at the time, and'stated to him that  he was not living up to the agreement  made a year ago.   He answered?that  he had no knowledge of any clause in  the agreement wherein such promises  were made, but, he said, if the arbitrators," Messrs. Clute and Smith, were  to say? that? such: an agreement had  been entered into he would abide by<5't.  These gentlemen, were communicated  with and  these are th4 answers for,  themselves &'f11-s -"'": ;:'-<��<? :-?"**>���--"���,  Mr. E. P. Bremner, Dominion Labor  Commissioner, Vancou ver, B.C.:  Dear Sir,���We beg to acknowledge  your visit to Van Anda of this date in  connection with the recent strike of  our employees! and thank you for the  courtesy and consideration extended to  us in the matter. We beg to be, yours  very truly,  DEBENTURE   HOLDERS    OF   THE   VAN-=ANDA-COPPER-AND-GOLD  COMPANY. THOS.  KIDDIE,  Manager.  Van Anda, B. C, April 3, 1901.  WILL USE THE UNION LABEL.  There is one way for the public to  show Its appreciation of labor, and that  ,   .,        .   ,, . .       . ,,     I ment conveying the upper end of False  is through the various secret societies.}  The Toronto street railway employees  report   everything ih good condition,'  with  the exception  of some sickness  among the  members,  and  that  their  division'������ has elected  delegates to' the  coming convention.. ??,?:.,  ? A meeting'was held at .Toronto last  week of the sub-committee of the delegates from, the federated, bodies, -who  were appointed to consider and report  on a generalplan or? bringing the existing councils into one greater: council.'  Good progress is being'made, the  following recommendations hawing been  agreed upon:    (1.)   That the name of  the., council shall be Toronto" District  Labor Council. I (2.) ' The,district .will  include the towns and, villages'.-. within  a certain! radius of Toronto.?,;(3.)   The  constitution? of the Dominion>"' Trades  Congress to be taken as the basis for  organization.   (4.)   That all bodies having representation at the Labor Council must be represented at the' sectional council; all locals to both bodies.'If  such exist.   Connection with one body  Implies connection with both.?  Big preparations are being made at  Toronto by the machinists for. the  forthcoming International Convention,  which will be held there the first week  in June.     ?  John W. Ogilvie and Albert Webber  have been elected president and secre-  :ta.ry*=respeetjvely���of���the��� Hamilton  street railway-men's union.  THE CITY OWNS FALSE CREEK.  G. R. Maxwell, M. P., has written the  Foreshore and False Creek committee  of this city Etating that an order-in-  councii hns been passed by the govern-  At a meeting of the grand lodge of the  Knights of Pythias, District of Columbia, a law was passed requiring that  the union label be used on all printing  done for it. The delegates to the Supreme lodge, which meets at San Francisco, were Instructed to use every honorable method to have that body pass  Creek to the, city. It Is about two  years ngo when the Trades and Labor  Council appointed J. H. Watson, John | the "reasonable"dosii-e"of the union  Mr.. Clute's Answer.?:?.'  * *'v?iW? ���?;:-=:'V-Toronto, Feb.?22, 1901.'*:'  ?Mi'. F. E. :Woodside, Secretary Miners'  '/������"V-Unltm; Rossland,' B.?C: ?     ���? ??:  Mr. Edmund B.?Klrby, Mgr. War. Eagle  ?    Mine, Rossland, B..C.:?'?'?* ,?���:'��� '���  ; ? Gentlemen,���In  jeply : to. .your communications I regret to say that I have  not a distinct recollection of the subject matter of your letters.   Fortunately Mr.  Ralph; Smith was  in  Toronto  arid:I took the opportunity of communicating with him as' he was .present,  I think, on -. every occasion that I was  present-when matters relating,to, settlement between the companies and the  men were .discussed; ??   .':���-*'���;��� ?  ? I, remember a, conversation? as I recall .it, between the secretary of. the  union and Mr. Macdonald, (I think Mr.  Kirby was present'but am not positive  as to this), in.which'the question arose  as to ihe position the companies would  take with reference to the miners joining the union, and my recollection is  that the substance of what was said,  was that no opposition would be offered  to the men? joining- the union,! and: I  think, that Mr. McDonald said that if  any' of: the men asked hirii?that he  would not hesitate to tell them to join  the union. I cannot recall one way or  the other whether anything was said  on that occasion with reference to the  delegate: I regret I cannot recall with  greater (distinctness the exact nature of  this conversation. I certainly "carried  *aw'ay-t!i<rM mpressl^^  men would be made to feel that no opposition would be offered to their joining the union, and that they did not In  any way endanger their position by  so doing, but rather the reverse. I cannot doubt that by the exercise of mutual consideration, a course of action  will be arrived at, which, while not  interfering with the efficiency of the  management of the mines, will: meet  pose they did have reason  to oppose  the delegate In  question. * The , union,:  was willing and even anxious to select??  one that Would do  the work and be?  satisfactory to both parties.   But no;'"--  they  take- this  opportunity,   the (first?  one?that is offered, to show   their antipathy to organized labor, and "refuse  all overtures.: Is that fair?   Will any.-  fair-minded man ��� in the. 'city? of .Ross-,.  land.' or? elsewhere say that these gentlemen are acting as they should???We?  think not? A man'sword is sacred.with.?  most;people;::b'ut:.with'these 'it appeaire "?'  much?lil_e a thing,to;be juggled with??  When occasion presents'.itself. ?,????:''���  .'?- ,.;fv"-:. ::,;-:''A';DENIAL.: ??'.,:? '':;;''??*?;:??  Sir,���My attention? Is'.; drawn ?' to an?:  item in' your paper evidently inspired  by someone with "a view of. prejudicing:  public opinion against .the ? 'Union ���  Steamship Company.   I;, desire you. to-'  contra'dict.   the'statement,   that.-: this '?  company .has-:made any? cut; In wa_res.?  The .preliminary' work  on  'tlie vessel.?  being reconstructed at Wallace's yard  is .being ?done by. our, permanent * em- ?  ployees,-and all the. new work is being:,"  done under a contract with Mr. Wal-:?  lace;   Youi' kind attention? will oblige-:  ���: h. darling;* ?:::,?i;:  ?'?.'/:."??,,.,, ??'.'?' '.Manager.?  Vancouver, April.2,'"lijoi..? ??'  Rubber starch,, only 10c. per, package,1?  it? the? City: Grocery.:;:?.??:. j ?;': ���'  The B..?C.  Permanent ..Loan &  Sav-:  ings Company: have made their  new  headquarters  at  321   Cambie.   street, ?  where in future,' as in, the past, they  will be pleased to have a visit from'  their many?sharehollders,? as ,:-well..as.,  prospective  shareholders. Workingmen"  should not forget the. fact that .they,:  are getting old, and should saive a little  for the rainy day.   No better: chance Is  afforded to do this? than is offered by  this company.   Investigate. . ";'���  RETAIL CLERKS.  -^The-Retail-Clerks--a.ssociatlon_'met"on~  Pearey and John Morton a committee  which number wnj milled to afterwards  by the Board of Trade and city council. .Mr. Maxwell fell right In with  them In their views, and now tlie city  .   ��� _,    _ .,, ."  ,    Iowns  the lands ius  mentioned.     The  a similar law.   The Pythluns. are to be I  cor.gratulattvl  on  their recognition of  the label.   It Is to be hoped that other  lodges, whose grand bodies meet this  year, willy follow' tho example of our  friends, the Pythlnns.  PRICE OF FISH NOT SETTLED  About a month ago the grand lodge  committee nnd our honored member  nre congratulated for their public spirited work.  I feel Intensely Interested In all questions that effect the relation* of the  management and men and trust that a  Tuesday night, and there was a good  attendance ot members.     There were  three Initiations made and five applications received for membership.   President Phillip looked particularly happy'  and was congratulated on all sides upon  his becoming a Benedict,    having  been married to Miss Foster, of Mount  Pleasant, the event having taken place  On the 27th.   The 'association decided to  have cards printed with the names of  nil union and non-union stores In the  city, and placed In the different meeting rooms In  Union hall.   The  cards  full understanding of the views of each   "'"'   bo  ,evIsc'1  ,lt  the  eml  oC eilch  other will enable you to reach a result  niont''.  mutually satlsactory.   Yours sincerely.  AS OTHERS SEE US.  Many happy returns of the day to  the Vancouver Independent, which has  Just  celebrated   Its 'first anniversary.  As a labor paper our contemporary is  of the Fishermen's union sent n com-  ,    ..     -   .       ,        .      ...  ,.,,���_, ���, ln the nrst rawk:. and well deserves its  munication to the Fraser River Can-      .���_���.������    ,  , .,   ������     ,,   ���������*��� ��� .        '     success.���Nanaimo Herald,   , ..- ...���.->-���. ncrs,. Association, asking them to meet  on the people.   Everybody will be wel- ,_.___,_.      _,  _  * a  committee appointed by it and  to  come.  Mr. Watson has received from the.  Dominion Trades Congress the charter  and necessaries for the Port Simpson  Fishermen's union, which he has forwarded to them. This makes the fifth  fisherman's union organized on this  coast, which will be known as the British Columbia Fishermen's union, No. 5.  ler up  of the weak"���50c bottle. I did not understand that there was any     Blue Ribbon Tea ia packed in Vancou-  I fish for the coming season.   Although | Gold Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street. Li.wio���., ������,,.���.* -.    ... ���  R. C. CLUTE.  Mr. Smith's Letter.  Ottawa, Feb. 26, 1901.  Chris. Foley, .Esq.:  Dear Foley,���So far as I can remember re the walking delegate on premises of company, I remember discussing the importance of the union secretary having the.liberty to go onto company property, to post notices of meetings and also to  influence miners  to  KHAKI PURE INDIAN TEA.  Regular price, 40c, to be had only  from  The  City  Grocery,  at  25c.  per  one-pound  package.  The  meeting  adjourned  at  a  late make arrangements as to the price o'f  bnilHm.   m  ZKneed Eisen Port-"the ber-<"**0 '"embers of the union, and I  746 Pender street. I objections raised  at all, but that Mr. I ver by white men���are you drinking it ? THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY APRIL 6, 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  3E��.'BART*I__"_Y  Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   B2   HOMER   STREET,  VER,   B.  C.  VANCOU-  SUBSCR1PTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 6 cents; month, 16 cents; three  months, 33 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, (1.23.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY.   APRIL  0. 1001.  RAILROAD QUESTION.    "  It must have been apparent to every  one wlio attended the big mnssi meeting on Thursday night and heard the  railway question discussed that, tlie  popular imagination is in favor of a  govrnment-owned road. And this idea  will ultimately prevail, not with the  present government but with their suc-  cessors. This province needs railways  to open its great resources, too many  of wlilch are owned already by private  individuals. The proposed Coast-Koot-  enay railway is a necessity to Vancouver, and should be built, we sincerely hope, by the province, but if this  cannot be, then by tlie proposed V. V.  & E., because we believe that company  i.s as Independent to the C. P. R. as  any can be.  TAX ON WATER PIPES. ���  The Trades and Labor Council last  night had under consideration the very  Important matter of unoccupied property paying the water tax. By-law No.  !!G2 provides "for assessing property  adjacent to any water main pipes with  a reasonable proportion of the cost  thereof." The assessment ot live cents  per foot is calculated on the basis of  the frontage of such property to streets  or lanes in which the water main or  pipes over and above one inch are laid.  Also another by-law lias since been  IKiisscd, giving all occupied lots a rebate In the water rates equal to the  amount assessed as frontage tax, so  that in ract by-law No. 3C2 collects a  tax on vacant property only. This is  as it <should be, but Aid. Painter and  Aid. Cook havo presented to the Council a document setting forth alleged  reasons why by-law No. 302 should be  amended or repealed. These gentlemen  hold that the by-law Is bad for uncertainty. That the by-law does not de-  ���Jine what is a reasonable proportion of  the cost, and that tlie water mains are  treated as If they cost the same; that  some of tlie water mains must cost  more than oilier... The by-law is bad,  they contend, because it provides that  the property shall be assessed every  year. Messrs. Painter and Cook claim  that there should only be one assess-  . ment, but point out that the city council could -make that payable at the  rate of so much a year. The life of  water pipes is estimated at 60 years.  Under the present by-law 10 cents a  foot is collected each year, five cents  from each side of the street. The cost  of mains made and laid vary from 25  c< nts to ?2 a foot, the average, a seven-  ,inch pipe, costing about $1.25 a foot.  Now these worthy aldermen claim that  the by-law should be amended because  it is unjust: that the city should not  collect from owners of property several  times the cost of the mains. Owners  of vacant property In a few years, they  ���point���out;���will���have���paid���lhi;���lulal-  cosl of all tho mains In the city, while  the improved property will have PAID  NOTHING towards" the cost, but will  only be PAYING FOR THE USE OF  AVATER.  Aid. Painter nnd Cook appear, to be  more Interested In vacant property  than they are in the people who live  in the city, anld are doing their level  best to have by-law No. 302 repealed  or have It so mutilated as to be practically useless. Some of the reasons  given by them why It should be knook-  ed Into a cocked hat show an utter  lack of any knowledge of up-to-date  political economics, their reasons being  very simple, to say the'least. Why  should people who want lo use water  be made to pay for pipes passing vacant property, and more than the owners of it? They seem to be under the  erroneous Impression that what a property owner is paying for I.s the cost of  a two-inch or for that matter any sized  pipe, forgetting altogether that what  the property owner Is concerned ln is  not the size or kind of pipe which i.s  burled outside of his proerty, but the  supply of water, and if a.two-inch pipe  supplies all the water he neeHs, he is  under just as much obligation to pay  the same amount��as a person who is  supplied by a 12-Inch main; forgetting  also that If it were not for the large  mains, the small ones would be absolutely useless1. One would Imagine that  Aid. Painter and Cook intend to live  without water at tlie expiration of tlie  (JO years, and .will therefore not need  new pipes.  The amount collectiicl Is not as stated, live cents a foot, as a reduction of  20 per cent, is allowed on all clly tuxes,  which would place the pipe tux at four  cents it foot. Aid. 1'alnter and Cool,  stale the average cost of nil the pipe  In the city Is Jl.liii a foot. To tills  amount, however, should be addcvl the  cost of bringing the water to the city  boundary, namely, the cost .of the pipe  from the dam to tho city and the cost  of the water works dam itself. This  nddivl would make its amount over $2  a foot; each foot, therefore, at $2 would  bring in eight cents, four cents from  the property on each side; tl worth of  pipe would bring In four cents. In  other words by-law No. 302 requires  owners'of vacant property to contribute four per,, cent, on the money invested In water pipes necessary to supply water to their lots. How many,  people in Vancouver can get the use "of  money at four per cent. Interest? This  rate Is reasonable enough for holders  of vacant property. ���-���������,  In 1900 the city raised in water rates  about $75,000. It paid interest and sinking fund on the waterworks, $43,000,  so that all whose water rate is but $6  a >car, which is the lowest paid, are  asked to contribute over $3.50 of that  sum to Interest and sln'klng fund,  when possibly the 25-foot lot next to  you would be asked to pay only $1.  The largest lot, CC-foot, will contribute  but $2.04 a year. Wo hope the majority  of the aldermen will have the good  sense, if they make a change at all, to  Increase the pipe rate on vacant property rather than diminish it.  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  A NEW FIRM.  Messrs. Weeks & ��� Son., practical  plumbers, have opened at S40 Pender  street, where In future Ihey will do  business. Being both skilled men they  will on any and sundry occasions gladly give estimates and will attend to  jobbing work promptly. These gentlemen are specialists in steam, gas and  hot water 'fitting, as well as being ship  plumbers. When you want this kind  or work done don't forget Weeks &  Son.  Celling a Taste of Their Own Medicine.  The recent action of British Columbia labor unions in protesting against  the employment of 10 American machinists at White Horse to replace the  machinery in the four stern-wheelers  which the White Tass & Yukon Railway Company is to bring to this port,  and dismantle to ship to White Pass,  and there put together, has caused the  labor unions of Seattle to take a hand.  Recently they protested against the  using of Canadian labor In the work  of taking the boats to pieces at this  port. The contractor- wlio has the work  in charge lia-s decided to change his  plans so as to use American labor at  Skagway and Canadian help at White  Horse, and thus avoid any possibility  of being interfered with for infringing  on llie contract labor laws of the two  countries. It was the Intention of the  contractor to engage about 100 mechanics at Victoria and Vancouver for  doing the work at this port, but owing to these labor developments no help  will be engager! there at present, and  when the work at White Horse is ready  the number to be brought from those  ciues will be considerably less than  was- originally planned. About 75  American mechanics will be employed  on the boats here, and they are now  being engaged In Seattle.���Alaskan,  Skagway.  A i Rail  Hawthorn.  Mr. Hawthornthwalte who succeeded  Ralph Smith as member for Nanaimo,  is acnuiting himself well in the B. C.  House. He will be a real hawthorn in  the side of pro-Chinese Premier Dunsmuir It he does not shape a better policy and live up to his engagements ns  ii mine owner better than he seems Inclined to.���Winnipeg Voice. ,,  A Joker.  When Senntor Landerkln strikes his  gait, they'll use his Jokes to light up  the Red Chamber.���Toronto Star.  Don't Drink.  Mr. Lumsden's habitual drunkards  bill hns been withdrawn. No use for  It *'n�� this moral Province.���Toronto  Star.  Private or Public.  Is the C. P. It. behind the deal? In  front of the deal? outside or inside the  deal? indifferent to or pushing the deal  or how? People are asking themselves  and others these apparently porten-  tlous questions. We think they are not  so important as they look. The cru-  clal question is this, are we not plumb  up against monopoly, anyway, deal or  no deal? Real competition is played  out as it desenved to be. Monopoly is  certain; shall it be private or public.-"-  Winnipeg Voice.       <-���  ' Crooked?  The majority of the electors would  not trust Turner as far as they could  throw him. We havo no faith Tn the  honesty that proclaims itself. There  must be something wrong about a government that claims a copyright on  honesty and at the same time resents  the referendum. If Turner, Dunsmuir  & Co. were on the square they could  secuxe the endorsation of overy act  through the referendum. If they can't  secure that endorsation they must be  crooleed, for they are doing what the  electors don't want them to do.���San-  don Paystreak.        q  Try  best.  Khaki   Tea,   the   cheapest and  Sold only by The City Grocery.  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. Tho  past year has been a busy one  for ns; this year we want rto  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and ���Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. n. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.   'Phone 442  % ���*_^**^*��-��"**��      ^BB-awwa-^^*^**********"*"-"*  W^ ��dM#^ (TTl&tts.  i&T&t Uitus-  A Bi�� Blazer  If you. want,, good dry fir wood  ring up Tel. 853, or cull on the  Pacific. Fuel Co., 165'J Westminster Avenue. ?  We invite comparison.  Masscy-Harris and Stearns  AIL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES   AT      ���  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best place in B.C. to havo your  Blcyclo repaired.  NOTICE.  We are* again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and boohs to-the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination with the highest marks ln Beading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The II.IS.A.Yogel Commercial College  P.  O.  Box  S47. Vancouver, B.  C  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Craw; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159; tlnanclal secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J, Salter. Parliamentary committee���  Chairman,'John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  in each month, at 7.30 p. m., in Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  TB.S.ADA MINERS' UNION. NO. 133, W.  F. M��� meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  in Foresters' hall, Van Anda. President,  M. W. Hewett; vice-president, C. A. Melville: secretary, P. J. Land; P. O. Box  SJS, Van Anda; treasurer,* H. V. Price;  conductor, P. Burt; warden, John I/ink-  later.  Tl^e Standard Canadian Pianos  IHE GERARD HEINTZMAN,  IHE BELL, IHE NEWCOMBE  The Stamliird English Instruments  THE BR0M.00D, IHE BRINMAD,  IHE GOLLARD I COLLARD.  All tlie above at  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  540 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplies.  D  1!B  The British Columbian engineers at  -VnncuuVci���are-raising-a-howi -because  American mechanics have bean employed to reassemble the steamers at  White Horse, claiming that only Britishers should be employed. These English fools are no wider between tlie  eyes than a hen, artd It is doubtful If  their hearts contain as much brains as  llie feathered birds. Hauling Americans Into the country has made the  construction' of these boats not only  possible but necessary, and It Is not  unfair to the Canadians, nor to anyone  else, to gl.ve Yankee mechanics a  chance to put the stern ''wheelers together.���Alnsknn, S-tugway.  512 Westminster Avenue.  BOOKS, STATIONERY  AND FANCY GOODS  SCHOOL BOOKS AND  SCHOOL SUPPLIES  . Magazine Kxclinnge in connection.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-juade Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  WE AIM HEADQUARTERS FOR l��\ MADE GOODS.  Union Hats, Inion Made Overalls and Jumpers, also a  first class Tailoring Department, where only Union Labor  is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  COpKS, WIAITDKS AND WlAJTatiBSSES'  union, Local No. 2S. President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, w.W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, XVm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.30 p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmuir streets. -.:  VANCOU'R TYPCKJRAPHICAL UNION,  No 22(5 meet the last Sunday ln eaoh  month at Union hall.- President, C. 8.  Campbell; vice-president, (icorce Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard. P. O. box 66}  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew 'Stuart; executive committee, E.  li. Woodruff, S. It. Itobb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  3.  II.   Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourUi Wednesday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, II. Vaiiderwolker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Ln_oor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickto and  J.  Howes.  UNITED Br.OTHERiHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday _n Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. McKen-  zle, 487 Ninth avenue; ylco-prbsident,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Collin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconco*; treasurer, Georgia  Walker; conductor, Jna.' Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets overy third  Sunday In each month at 3 p. m. in Union hull, corner Duiuasulr and Homer  streets. J. Stohey. vice-president; It. J.  Neary, secretary, Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. Visiting 'brethren invited to attend.  TELEPHONE 702.  100 CORDOVA STREET.  Amusements.  Hotels.  Watch ihis space for  next* week's adv.  R. G. BUCHANAN & CO.  Crockery and Housefurnishings,  406 and   403 Westminster Avenue.  Vancouver  i new mm,  THEATRE  Sam Nesuitt Manager.  Next Week ^^\  SIX-NEW STARS-SIX  Headed  by America's Novelty Gymnasts.  Cole and Cole  Introducing their ^sensational double-trapeze  act.  Stanley and Woodward  Minona  Emma Hill  together with our strong company ol  Vaudeville Stars.  THEATRE ROYAL  " (I.ATK AI.HASIBHA.)  \V. II. Lucas, Titos. Sharp....Managers  the Queen's Funeral  If von want n really good rye whisky  at n low price, our 00i: rye i.s it. Ciolil  Seal Liquor Company, "���)(! Pender street.  Ihe Mint.  Is located at tlie corner of Carrall and  Hastinj;.') streets.   The bottled goods are  all .iret-uluxM and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Kninier beer,5cunts.  Buy your Krister eggs from the City  Grocery. Price right and quality guaranteed.  Labor is balm to the blood; It Is the  source  ot virtue.���Herder.  From Their Nanalnio.Southfleldand  Protection Island Collieries,  Steam,  -Oas  and  Blouse Coal  Ol the Following Grades;  Double Screened Lump,  Hun of tlie Mine,  Wo��hod Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN Sc EVANS, AgonU,  Vancouver City, B. C.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE " will not cure is not  worth curing.  The"  MMIS OUI  Having the Only Up-to-Dato Grill Itootn  in Ii. C-. which In Itself is n guarantee  of a First-Class Hotel und Restaurant. .  Seymour Streeet,  on Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters tor the engineering trade  in Vnncouvcr.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OP  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2���  Meets second and fourth Wodnesday ln  each month in Union Kali. President,  XVm. Beer; corresponding seoretary, E.  Tln-.mlns, 728 Hamilton streot; financial  seeretarv, J. II. McVoty, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOtTlfBNYMTBN TAILORS' UNION OP  AMT3RIOA, No. 178���Meets alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, F. Wlllian-s; vlde-president, Miss  Graham; recording secretary, H. O. Bur.  rltt; '.lnnnclal secretary,- Tremnlne Best;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arnis, J.  Daoust.  VICTORIA TRADES' AND LABOR  Council meets overy alternate Wednesday nt 8 p. m. ln Sir William Wallace  hall. President, W. M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Togg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. McNIven, P. O. 'box 302, Victoria;  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; sergeant-  at-arms, T. Masters.  THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTT  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month ln Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartley; first vice-president,  Geo. Wilby; second vice-president. T. H.  Cross; recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial seerotary, John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  VAKCOUViER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets In Labor Hall, Homer  street, overy first and third Saturday in  each month at S p. m. Alex. Bruce, president; Mr. Cadey, secretary. P. O. box 297.  CHOICEST  Searchlight  Moving  pany.  Picture   Com-  Ouu  ���sg*  Under the auspices of the Duke of  Connaught's Regiment.  Full bund  ill  attendance  for sc.cu nights  coiiiinencint.  SATIRDAY  MARCH   30.  Popular pricen, 2,r>c, Hue and 50c.  The Best Dressers in Town  I'ATItONIZB  The Pioneer  Steam Laundry  i  Because they get satisfaction.  WHITE HELP ONLY EMPLOYED.  D. M. STEWART, Phopbiktob.  Phone 3-10.      910 to 014 Riciiauds St.  -Liquors ana tsgars  First-class rooms from SO cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  JOURNEY-MION BAKERS' AND CON-  ������M3CTION-ERS' INTERNA'L Union of  America, Local, No. 46; Vancouver, B. C.  President, Jas. Webster; vice-president.  It. F. McDonald; recording secretary,  Wm. 11. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  l'\ Rawling. Gift Granville street, room 10;  financial secretary, C. J. Salter, 113 Powell  street; treasurer, XV. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. lloyles; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council. C. J. Salter and F. Haw-  ling.  Tbe Balmoral  . . MAKIS A Sl'BCIAI.TY OF . . -  ��    Dewar's special Liqueur; also - -  ��    usner^s Black Label Liqueur wtiisky  -I.AKOK STOCK OF-  IMl'Ol'TKI* AND DOMESTIC  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cobskh Coiidova and Cakbai.1..  Revere Blouse  COH. HKVMOUR AND COltDOVA STS  (nciirC. P _t.8liitIou.)  Fine old English Ale, Stout and Beer;  Dcxtold Scotch and Irish whisky; domestic and Imported Cignrs. Everything up to tlio handle.  The best Cough Cure is " BIG 4 "  have you tried it?  BROTH E R rTOOTTOT'-pAINTHcRS-  DECORATORS, l,i " " "  lUoots every Tuesday  sldent, XV. . Pavler;  Crush; rec. Sec, C. Plnder, 1TC3 ir-lghl  Avenue, Pnti-vlew; financial secretary, XV.-  Ilnllldny, Klesmere House; treasurer, H.  MeSorley: trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross  nnd W.  Cole. ,.;.."  "OFPAINTKIRS-AND J 1  Local Union No: 13S. f J  lay In T_n,bor Hall. Pre- ) \  or;    vicc-nrcsident,    33.        / I  C.  Plnder,  1TC3  ir-lehth \ I  AMAI-GAM'ATED SOCIETY? OP CAR.,  P1SNTIJRS ft JOINBRS. Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tuesdav,  in room No. 2, Uibor Hail, president, J.  Davidson; secretary, J. T. Bruco, 62S Harris   street.  ClGAItMAKERS' UNION, NO 357.���  Meets the first Tuesday in each  month' In Union hall. President, A.  Kochel; ...-vice-president, C. Crowder;  Secretary, G. Thomas, Jr., IIS Cordova  street west; treasurer, 8. XV, Johnson;  serKeant-at-arnis, J. XV. Brat; dcle-  sntes to Trades and Labor Council, J.  Ciow. F. Jost, A. Kochel.  THE RETAIL CLERKS' INTERNATIONAL PROTECTIVE 'ASSOCIATION  meets in O'Brien's Hall,, the first and  third Tuesdays of each month. T. A.  Phillip, president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  1!,0:__  Westminster Avenue.  Black Lang-  shaiw Pullets  and Cockerels.  8tock took First Prize nt 1900 Poultry  Sliow nt Vancouver.  Price f2 upwardB.  . Eggs $1.30 tier 13.  X^foLr   W. D. Jones  gg^/ggiiffgfejiflij^ SATURDAY APRIL 6, 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  ORGANIZED   LABOR  AND  THE  LORD'S DAY ALLIANCE.  'To the Editor ol Tnr. Independent:  Sir,���Not infrequently *do working-  men charge the church with lack of Interest in their problems, their difficulties, their burdens, anil the betterment  .of the conditions of life for the nation's  toilers. Too often there has been  BiourJd for this charge.   I am glad to  -believe there has begun In Canada at  least n drnwlng together of tho church  nnd workingmen. The great Founder  of Christianity has ever been the truest  friend    of    labor,    and    wherever the  .church is faithful to her Lord, she  should Ue In closest sympathy with labor.     In  Cannda  the great  mass of  .church members nre working people,  and if a certain section of worklng-  ��� men hnve stood aloof from the church,  we believe that 'day is rapidly passing,  ,:as they recognize that ministers and  laymen alike aro manifesting a special  Interest In the worklngmcn's welfare.  ���The  Lord's  Day  Alliance,  which  has  ; lately become a national organization,  with branches ln all the main centres  of   population    in the Dominion, has  ..done not a little toward bridging the  gulf that ln many localities has existed between the church and labor. The  abject of the alliance as stated In-Its  .constitution Is "the preservation of the  weekly rest day in its integrity, and  the securing to the whole community  the right to its full enjoyment."     This-  -object lt seeks by four methods: First,  by creating and arousing public opinion to a sense of the dangers threatening the day of rest, and the paramount  Importance of its preservation, not only  ���In   the   interdst9   of  religion,   but  es-  ' pecially In the interests of the domestic  and     industrial     life      of      working  -people. Second, by uniting in a strong  and  effective organization  the friends  ,ot the rest day. Third, by socuring'tho  faithful and impartial enforcement of  laws  Intended    for    its    preservation.  .Fourth, by securing where; necessary  Improved legislation  for the  complete  -protection of Sunday as a day of rest  and of opportunity for worship. The  Alliance does not seek to enforce the  o  religious observation of the day by legal  means.   It believes  that the  full  benefits of tlie day can only be enjoyed;  by those who do observe it religiously,  but It has the utmost  respect for the  right  of the  individual   to  choose  for  /himself what use he will mxkj ot the  ..God-given right to the weekly- day or  ��� .rest,  and  it is  prepared   to  resist as  .-strenuously as any other section of the  -community any attempt to invade the  .sacred sphere of Individual liberty.   It  recognizes, however, that "the liberty  .of rest for each, and carrying with it  .the opportunity  of  worship,  demands  -.the law of rest for all," and, therefore,  it seeks by the law ot the land to so-  .cure to every man the right to rest on  -Unit day.   Of course  there are works  alike of necessity    and    mercy which  -must be permitted, and no law should  bo enacted  that does not except such  works from its prohibitions, but it is  in the interests especially of the toiling  masses that the integrity of the weekly  -rest day (allowing only works of necessity and mercy) be jealously guarded,  . and that no line of business nor form  ..of industry should be permitted to be  run seven days a week unless it be of  ���such a nature that in order to Its being carried on fit all, it is essential that  it should run continuously.   Most men  .agree  that  this  is the  case  with  the  blasting furnace and the smelter.   If,  however,    there   should    come   a day  -when a new process ot smelting shall  bo discovered  by  which  the  need  for  ���further   continuous   running   shall   be  .eliminated,  then even smelters should  ���Jiot be permitted to run on the weekly  rest day.   XVe do not  need to depend  upon  the Bible  alone  to discover  the  laws Imperatively calling for the sev-  . onth day as a rest day;  that law is  -written in our own natures.   To disre-  ���gard it by~vorkine sev~e"^days~a-weo!f  Is to unlit for the best service any ot  the 'days, nnd  to cut off a large por-  . tion of the working period of life. Experience proves that no man can live  and work his days out who works  every day in the week. Besides,  thoughtful labor men well recognize  that it Is contrary to the very spirit of  labnr unionism for men to consent to  work seven days a week. six men  working seven days a week are guilty  of taking the breud out of the mouth  of a seventh, because they do the work  that otherwise It would take seven men  to accomplish In six days of the week,  fo that just as the shortening of the  hours of daily lnbor gives employment  to a larger number of men, so the pro-  ��� tection ot the weekly rest" dny works  toward the same end. Still further,  there is a "dollar and cent" reason  why labor men should stand by the  day of rest, ln the end, seven days'  labor ln the week brings only six days'  wages, just as In the end ten hours in  the day brings no higher wage than  eight hours in the day.   Temporarily lt  -may often be otherwise; ultimately,  never.   It was my privilege In British  Columbia to come into direct contact  with the leaders of labor in various  centres arid to And them In thorough  -ympathy with the objects of the Alliance Just because they recognized the  principles above stated. Many of these  lenders are officials either In the provincial or local branches of the Alliance in that and other provinces; and  the labor men of Toronto, Ottawa,  Kingston, Hamilton, London, St. Catharines nnd other cities are coming Increasingly to recognize the Lord's Day  Alliance ns the tollers' special ally-  Indeed, It Is significant that Mr. D.  J. O'Donoghue, now the "fair wages of-  llccr" of the Dominion government,  besides other ��� labor leaders, were  among the founders, and arc still  among the executive . officers of the  Lord's Day Alliance of Ontario. The  Alliance stands not merely for the protection of the weekly rest day; It  slanda also for the weekly half-holiday, and for the early closing, especially on Saturday nights, of places of  business ln the Interests of the tollers  concerned. Labor is to be heartily congratulated upon what It has already  accomplished for the Improvement In  the lot of the workers, and for the influence it has already gained in the  politlos of Canada. By heartily co-operating with the Lord's Day Alliance  and by its being brought Into more sympathetic touch with the Christian people of the country, It is possible for lt  to odd greatly to its present influence.  The greed of gain as manifest especially in the great corporations and  trusts of the present time, does''not  scruple to rob the workingman of his  weekly rest day, or any other of his  rights. It can be met only by the  Christian people on the one hand and  the labor people on the other, standing  shoulder to shoulder in defence of the  inalienable right of every man to his  day of rest and his opportunity to  worship as his conscience may direct.  J. G. SHEARER,  Field Secretary for Canada L. D. A.  Winnipeg, March 30, 1901.  Telephone 1-���2���5 for a fino livery  turn-out. J. .1. Sparrow, Palace .livery  stables.  Gold Seal Cnmulimi Kye is Seagram's  Grand Old Rye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company.  The Mint  IIIU   ������  Is the new saloon at the comer  of Carrall and Hastings streets. Case  goods are the best, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Kninier beer, 5 cents.  FROM VICTORIA.     -  At present there is an organization  licom on. Trade in all lines is reported  good and  no business failures.  The Victoria 'Longshoremen's Union  lias elected the following oillcers for  the year: President, J. Hook; vice-  president, C. Davis; secretary, T.  Percy; and treasurer, C. Leer. The  membership roll numbers about 150.  A meeting ot the journeymen tailors  and tailoresses of this city was held  Monday night for tlie purpose of organizing a branch of the Journeymen Tnil-  ors' Union of America. There was a  good attendance, and the following officers were elected: President, John  Logg; vice-president, Geo. Leonard;  Ilnancial secretary, Frank MoKeown;  tieasuror, C. Christopher; sergeant-at-  arms, 13. Buckler; delegates to Trades  and Labor Council, John Logg and G.  Leonard. A meeting will be held next  week to complete organization.  At the regular meeting of the Typographical, union last Sunday a new  scale of wages was adopted and goes  Into effect on May 1st. Fifty hours for  $20 will be a week's work In job offices for Journeymen. Foremen $21.  Night forces on book and job work will  receive il for S hours. Evening newspapers���IS hours for $21 for journeymen, and foremen $23.30. Morning  newspapers���IS Hours for $25.50 for  journeymen, and foremen $27. Machine  scalers- hours- a- night~for--$1.25r~01'  7 1-2 hours for $J. The printing trade  has been good at fair prices.  RU13RER STARCH.  The greatest invention of the age.  Sold retail at wholesale price by the  City Grocery Company, who are sole  agents iii this city. Call there for  samples.   '  Urink Ked Cross Heer, the beer that's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 7-10 Pender street.  "When you want to hire a flrat-class  horse and buggy, ,eo to the palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Try n bottle of Kisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bottle, nt Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 740 Pender street.  When labor is employed, labor can  consume; when It Is not employed, It  cannot consume.���Daniel Webster.  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  never fa'lls to completely oure a. cold  within 24 hours. Gives instant relief���  guaranteed, your money back. 25c.  box at McDowell, Aitfkina, Watson Co.  OTTAWA LETTER,  [Specially Written lor The Independent.]  Ottawa. March 25, 1901.  This hns been a talking week, and,  without doinft any one harm, the talk  has been anything but edification. The  Budget is alwaj'B nn occasion for letting  lose the vials oi eloquence, dull or otherwise. A great many members think  thnt unless they talk, Canada would go  to wreck and ruin. Great scope is allowed, for whilo one would naturally  think, that such a subject ns our financial and commercial condition would  suggest and inspire speeches along theso  lines, yet tho reverse is the case. Clarke  Wallace, for instance, though an ex-  minister of customs, and one who would  be expected to deal exclusively with  trade matters, yet he could not let the  occasion go by without dragging in the  nauseous race cry. He was very properly replied to by Mr. Marcil, who,  though a Frenchman, yet speaks beautiful English, nnd the way hu handled the  ex-minister wns keenly appreciated by  the government side ot the house. Any  fair-minded man after listening to his  reasons why Quebec went ns she did,  could not but feel that tnere is more  toleration and broad-mindedness in that  province than there is in any other in  the Dominion. The mild sensation of  the week was a challenge in the shape  of un amendment by the leader of the  opposition. We were all wondering  what tlie new policy of the opposition  would be, and when it was disclosed in  the amendment, and in the speech of  the leader, we could not but feel that it  was again a case of the mountain laboring and bringing forth the proverbial  mouse. Tho amendment was one of  these. wishy-washy things that means  little or nothing, and one may scan it in  vain for any prognostication of n policy.  However, the discussion has not been in  vain. Tho opposition has been brought  to the scratch over several things which  formerly thoy have cunningly avoided.  Por instance the opposition have been  great shouters about loyalty, and the  members and supporters thereof have  branded their opponents again ana again  as being disloyal. The question lias  been put, what one (hing tlie eonserva-  tivesever did during their long reign  which was an evidence of their superior  loyalty to the mother country? And  the answer is, there is no such evidence.  This fact is mentioned to show that no  party has or over hud a monopoly on  loyalty, and 'if anything the greatest  loyalists Canada ever had were the  staunch old reformers who were the  political saviors of our beloved country,  nnd it is due to their great work that  wo are living under the freest and best  form of government in the world. The  present government gave the mother  country a preference of 33J^ per cent,  in our markets, and now the thrust was  made, what will you do with the preference if the people should again place the  conservatives in power. Such men as  JIoLean and Sproule have come out  flat-footed against the preference, but  their leaders have confessed that the  preference would have to stand. This  is considered ����� victory for the governuieut policy. Of late the members of  the opposition party have been greatly  exercised over the extraordinary development in trade during the hist four  years. The increase during that time  was more than during the 18 years of the  conservative party. How can you account for it? Sometimes one was  amused to hear some old hide-bound  tory get up and say the national policy  did it, and that the liberals are reaping  where the conservatives have sowed.  They stole that policy and now want to  claim the glory. Again and again the  statement has been made, both in the  house and out of it, that the tariff as  changed by the government party is u  protective tariff. The liberals on the  other hand say that tlieir tariff is one  not for the purpose of protecting manufacturers, but for revenue purposes, and  so.fur as revenue is concerned incidentally  thoinanufacteror gets protection. That  is one side of the shield, now let us look  at the other. In spite then of these  declarations of the opposition party Unit  the policy of the government party is the  old national policy, yet this amendment  practically condemns the government  for carrying out its national policy, and  then declares for protection, higher protection for tho manufacturers. Jn spite  of the fact Unit Canada did. $109,000,000  more trade than it did when the conservatives were in power, yot the government party had many wails from interested friends of the poor manufacturers'  over the ruinous effects of tho preferential tariff. ��� The government scored n  second victory hy this amendment in  that it declares that the policy of tho  government docs not protect the manufacturers, and that its policy is hurtful  and injurious to vested interests in that  it is heading for free trade as they have  it in Kngland. The third [voint in the  amendment declares for a preference  from the mother country. This is the  great policy of the conservative party.  Well, what can they do? Absolutely  nothing. Old country statesmen dare  not tax the people's bread, and anyway  to ask theN mother country to do what  we are not prepared to do ourselves is  unjust. When we are prepared to adopt  free trade, and when our markets are  as open to the mother country as her  markets are open to us, then we may  hope for a change in policy that will  make possible what we all desire, namely, a preference in favor of all within  the empire, as against all outside of the  empire. On private members' day  there was an interesting discussion over  putting on a duty on lumber coming  from the United States. The most noteworthy incident of the debate wns a  speech from Mr. John Charlton, who  has always oeen maligned by the opposition for being pro-Yankee, in favor of  tho duty. The members from tho  Northwest Territories strongly opposed  the resolution, and eventually 6 o'clock  shelved the discussion, for this session  at least.  SKIV 'NIWHTKI-M AND TIIE ALIEN LAW.  The manufacturers are very solicitious  over the changes in the alien labor law.  The following is from the Globe:  " Mr. Kussell, secretary of the Canadian Manufactuters' association, had an  interview with Sir Wilfrid Laurier this  morning in regard to the alien labor  law. Mr. Russell pointed out that unless special provision were made the law  would prevent skilled workers being  Drought in from the United States to  start new industries. This would bo  an injury and a detriment to Canada,  because the importation would occur  only in cases where there were no skilled workers of the needed class in this  country, and to adopt a policy of exclusion would be to place an obstacle in  the way of establishing new branches of  manufacturing. Mr. Kussell therefore  urged that some provision be framed to  meet such cases as he referred to. The  premier promised to consider the point.  Mr. Russell says that 150 Canadian  manufacturers will exhibit at Glasgow.  This is a larger number than took part  in the Paris exposition." ^  This means that these boys must be  watched.  HE  CAIIXEKIk's (UlT.  There is '"much in what you say, Mr.  Editor, but there is a great deal in what  you do not say with regard to the disposal of money for such an object as a  library. Its the system that makes  many what they are, and you know,  and wre all know as things are, a man  has to make or go bust. That Mr. Carnegie has got a big heart goes without  saying. His benefactions prove that.  By disposing of his money this way,  money that might have been spent in  riotous living, and in a thousand useless  ways, he is doing something for the regeneration of things. Books are iconoclasts. They are educators and reformers. To one who knows what the want  of books means, this gift is hailed as one  of the best that could be given to your  city. It is to be hoped that those who  have charge of this new library, will  stock it well with books serviceable and  necessary to our working lads and men,  that the mechanics of all kinds will find  in it what will help him, and that it  will.prove itself in very deed a sort of  university where youth, man and woman will be taught from week to week  by the greatest and noblest minds in the  world. Pn'z.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Ellis.  PROM SEATTLE.  The Butcher's union state that all the  shops on Pike street have signed the  agreement to cloie at 6 o'clock.  The Labor Temple committee have  let the contract for excavating the  basement for tlie proposed new building.  The members of the 'Longshoremen's union is increasing rapidly, and  open meetings are being held every  Saturday afternoon.  The Globe Laundry (formerly the  Pride of Seattle), on Third avenue, is  the only thoroughly union laundry In  that city, and has been granted the  use of Ihe label.  The Foundry Helpers' union have  made a demand upon the Vulcan Iron  Works for an Increase of 25 cents a  day, to conform to the scale paid by  the other foundries.  The Machinists' union is prepared for  the fight for the nine-hour day  throughout the country, and have asked the co-operation of all organized labor to consummate that end.  A resolution hns been passed as the  sense of tho Central Labor Council that  It Is detrimental to the best Interests  of organized labor to disclose Its roll  of membership to anyone not a member.  Organizer Derry, of the 1. T. U.,  made a trip to Everett bust week, and  succeeded in making preliminary arrangements for the organization of a  Printer's union in that city, with 18  charter members.  To cure la grippe Inside of 48 hours  take FLINTS BROMO GRIPPE  OURE. Guaranteed. 25c. box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  **"  3-%y-  The Favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  Turner, Beeton ���* Co.  Wholesale AaenU  VANCOUVUR, VICTORIA, NBU60N, B. C.  I>. O. BOX 29C.  ���PHONE 179.  ���  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Wholesalk Agents fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS |  Braticla: ,  MONOGRAM,. '"      MARGUERITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,.  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C,  'HE BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION STAMP  is used by THE J. D. KflNG CO., Limited, upon all  their manufacture of Boots and Shoes. No strikes, cessation  of work or labor difficulties promote the highest possible production of perfect workmanship. In thus consulting the Interests  of the consumer we urge that you DEMAND  The J. D. KING CO.'S  UNION MADE SHOES  Greenlee* Brothers.  LORNE, RARE OLD and  O. B. LIQUEUR WHISKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to ant) other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. ��� Arcade   Vaults,   Cambie   Street  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  CANADIAN  and  The price is now-  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  11 ii Wi ii (in  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Loyfield's Old Stand.  Newest  and   Best  Clothing  Store in Vancouver. '  EVERYTHING TO CLOTHE MEN AND BOYS  Closed at 6 o'clock, except  on Saturdays.  70 CORDOVA STREET.  Why do you cough when " BIG 4  COUGH GIRE " will cure you.  $00  PACinc  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES.  BEST SERVICt  To nil points iu Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AXD BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILING FOR JAPAN AND   CHINA.  Empress of China February 25th  Empress of India March 25th  Empress of Japan April 15th.  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Warrimoo March 8th  Mlowera April 5th,  Aorangi May3rd,  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to  E. J. COYLE, '.  JAMES SCLATEB,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hustings St.,  Vancouver, B. O  When in Want  of  Printing  Call at  *,-  Tbe  Independent  312 Homer St. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY. ... ..APRIL 6, 1001.  DRIFTWOOD.  Built and run by Luc Vernon.  Business rooms ..Auv old place.  Editorial room Wherever my rent is paid.  IPieecs washed up by the tide, boomed, sawed,  .Mimic '  -    -��� - - ���   - ���  paid-up  borrow and steal  ���pi  and piled for tlie perusal anil pastime of  subscribers, also for those who beg,  .. and steal The Independent iu order  thai they may enjoy a little sunshine as they  Journey through this vale of lean-.]  *'    Hid you get April fooled ? .    ���     ,  A stage scene illustrates better than a speech.  Hone but iml forgotten���Harry Sibble.  A man  who  Is certain  about   his  honesty  doem't have to brag about it.       .-.  If an active young iiinu gets ills eye on your  place you might Hs well move out.  When a man keeps his mouth shut he keeps  la grippe out and foolish words In.  l'ianos.  Pianos are the cause of more* discord iu the  world than any other instrument. It is difficult to know the exact reason why so many,  people wlio cannot play It like to lmve one in  their rooms. Of course, It is easy to make some  sort of a noise on it, but it is almost as easy to  make an equally odious din on a violin, or a  banjo, or a guitar. Hut there Is something iu a  piano wlilch causes it to be regarded as a necessary article of furniture, whose'properties it  often combines.  resort to language, that if used by a drunken  man in the street would be liable to arrest.  A stage manager wtio allows such insults to  be used towards tlie patrons of the place, seemingly, does not understand his duties or he certainly would ring down the curtain on any  performer who, Instead of working to elevate  the variety business, seeks to lower it. The  vulgar expressions used by this team created  much talk, and 'tis too bad ttiat a remedy cannot be found to erradieate such language from  off the stage.  Saved.  (Scene���In the 'United Stales on the day the  news came that Kuuston had captured Again*  aldo.)  "Are you the editor of tlie paper?" asked a  tall, lean, lank looking farmer as lie opened  the door of the country'uewspaper shop.  "Yes, sir," replied llie faber.pusher, as he  stopped writing. "What can I do for you'.  Please be as brief as posslbler as I am very busy.  1 am hunting for a word for the article I am  writing. 1 cannot tlml It, and nm almost ills-  traded in consei|Uenec."  " Well 1 want to pay for a years subscription  in advance."  "O, very well. Your name and address,  please V  "John Dunston."  " Ye tfoils 1 John Dunston ? You have saved  me. I was writing a poem on the capture of  Agulualilo, but could not tlml a word to rhyme  with I'unston. You are a jewel. Funstou���  Dunston! Hurrah. Come over to the saloon  and take what you want. 1 don't care for expense.   Dunston!   I am saved."  as lie often Is. Thcro are three moons, the  mean moon, the astronomical moon, and tlio  ecclesiastical moon. It is the last named  luminary upon which you must keep your eye  when you are dealing with the Easter prob  lorn. Last year was wheu the eeelesias  Ileal moon made itself useful. Tiie lull moon  last'year, occurred April 15th at Greenwich at  two minutes past one in the morning, and tlie  variation in the appearance in different localities of this particular variety of moon is so  great that, If the general rules had been followed, Kaster Day would have fell upon the  15th lu some countries and on the'J'-iid In  others. Now, we repent, that this is where tlie  ecclesiastical moon iiiaile'itsclf useful. Tliu  church, in sllporb dcllaucc id the astronomers,  enacted that the full moon fell iu I'.HXIun April  llth, with the result, of course, that Kaster  came on flic following day, Sunday, April ]Mli.  Tlie ecclesiastical moon only co'mes when il is  needed, lis last appearance, prior to U��JO, was  so long ago as 1815, but II lias a useful knack of  setting things to rights when it does come.  -Liu: Vkiinon.  Union label Hats and Overalls  IIIICH'AI, (.WHIP.  Ignorant Dudes.  Some young men pay (33 and ?I5 for a tailor-  made suit of clothes, live off their parents, to  whom they never offer a dollar, then sneer at  the man with tliu dirty face and the store suit,  who is just coming out of the postolllce after  gentling ��>0 to the "old folks at home."  The winter ball is over,  Another takes its place;  And soon we shall discover  Tlie only ball Is base.  ''    . ���   Wanted.  ,,   A friend wlio will  recognize mo when I am  compelled to wear patched pants; who will  take my hand as I am sliding down hill instead  . of giving mc a kick to hasten my descent; who  ���will  loan  mc a dollar without. two dollars  security; who will come to me when I am sick;  who will take off his eoatand fight for me when  "the odds are two to one; who will talk of me to  my face as behind  my back.   Such a friend is  wanted   by   ten   thousand "human   beings  throughout this world.'.  The April skies 1111 up with tears,  ..   Then sob and sob their grief away;  ��� This is a form of sprinkling streets  For which we do not have to pay.  Willie: "Iliad a brother go to heaven last  night." Bobbie: "0, that's nothing. 1 bad  a little brother come from heaven last night."  Willie���after thinking a moment���".Maybe its  the same baby!"  Certainly Not. "���'*'  ' A chimney may bo belching black smoke'at  one end and be a cheerful fireside at the other,  but that is not any more evidence that the 'out-  ���; side end would ho acceptable in tho house than  "It isau'evidencethat a man ought to indulge  his mean temper because lie is good hearted.  It is the secret desire of every girl of sixteen  ; to havo her picture  taken  looking down at a  '���-"���' rose,? but  it would be more .; practical  if she  ./was looking at a pudding she was mixing.  ., It Is said that women arc hard to deceive,  that a smart woman always "catches on," yet  we know of a number of "smart women" who  arc deceived by their husbands, with that old,  old story of going to llie lodge, when, in fact,  they arc carousing with other women, playing  :/*. black jack, or bumming, ln saloons. The? majority . of husbands can make their confiding  wives believe almost anything.?  ???'????'      ;.   Etlw. T.:Hollot." .  Edw.. T. Hollot, better known as the  "Prince," is too good-hearted for his own welfare. You know the old saying Ed. "sleep  with ft dog and you'll get' fleas.'.' 1'robally,  BOine time, you may meet   witli one who has a  /disposition as yourself; always willing to,hclp.  'those in distress, but we doubt it. Ed. Hollot  has more friends in Vancouver than any bar-  keoped who ever "wiped glasses" in the Savoy  theatre.  ".���������.  '���'������-��� Is Still Waiting/ ���  One young lawyer in Vancouver says that  after three months occupation of a room which  the front door sign designates as his oflice he has  learned this much about the practice of law:  That every tenant along that corridor wipes  his feet on die hall mat next to his own. That  every man who passes through the corridor  overlooks the cuspidors and spits on tlie door  mats; that most country clients step over the  door mat; that no clients so far have stepped  over or onto his, that he knows of. He is still  waiting.  " All ashore I" The words rang through the  ship. Reluctantly he tore himself from his  lair young wife nnd rushed down tbe gangway.  "Georgo!" He turned, his eyes Wet with  tears, to hoar her last sad words. Don't forgot���already the mighty steamship was swiftly  gliding from the dock���to put the cat out at  nlglitl" He waved his hand to show ho heard  her, and, amid the hoarse shrieking of steam  that mocked his misery, hu bowed his head  and wept.  The Savoy.  For vulgar and obscene v. ltlclsmn the sketch  of Leonard and Illake last week at the Savoy  theatre was a disgrace to the management of  this place of amusement. No man ia a genulno  comedian who, in order to gain a laugh, must  Street Car Conductors.  There is no use denying the fact Unit conductors on street cars in Vancouver are marryiug  fast.   They seem to have a monopoly of the  business.   It is hard to say just why it is true,  but nevertheless  it's so.   Probably it is their  good looks for one thing, for Vancouver can  proudly boast of her handsome conductors and  motel-men.   Perhaps its their wlnnlugsmiles  and clothes of blue.   At any rate you  cannot  board a car without noticing that most ofthe  time the conductor is ringingthe gong.. 1 have  always supposed the gong was to warn people  and  vehicles   to  look  out for  the car,  but it  appears that tills is not always true.   For instance/I boarded a car the other day for Eng.  lisli Day.   We  were  moving along Granville  strcci  when of a sudden the gong began  to  clang,  clang,  clang,   dong,  dong, dong.     I  thought something was on the track and looked  ahead, but there  was nothing whatever to  cause  the  conductor   to  wear his shoo out  tramping . the  madly sounding, gong,   that I  could see.   lint lo, and behold.   Happening to  glance at  the conductor, I was  amazed to see  him smiling and  making " Goo-goo Eyes."   I  naturally "rubbernecked" and then I knew; I  understood; I had found the key to tho puzzle.  Up at the window '" a certain block, a pretty  face, with dreamy eyes was throwing���must I  tell���pardon me, Mr. conductor,  but I   must.  Yes, she was throwing kisses to our handsome  conductor.   On my return trip; but witli another conductor, when  near the same block,  nothing on the  track, the gong commenced a  regular breakneck song and dance.   I looked at  this   conductor,   and   bless   you,   soon .appeared at the same window , the same pretty  face with  dreamy*eyes, and thegame of Goo-  goo Eyes, and kiss-throwing commenced again.  So now,  reader, when   the truck  is clear, and  pou are on the car,  and hear the miserable  gong begin to do the American eiog, look, observe, and you will see a girlish face and your  conductor flirting'with 'each other;���'At  this  time it is folly in the highest sense, to think of  signaling the conductor to stop.   I tell you, you  might as well ask the tide not to go out or como  in.    For the conductor sees nothing, hears  nothing at  this present time. Hut  what a  different expression on his face for two blocks  alterwards.    Approach   him carefully,   and  speak timidly as though you had lung trouble,  then perhaps he.will stop tho cur at your  street, without taking you five blocks beyond.  Now, I know why the gong rings so wildly and  distractedly, at given places on the car line.   It  is a signal for the sweet fair creature to come to  tlie window and cast down her loving glances  to the man who handles the mollasscscan.  Perhaps this accounts  for the fact that  tram  conductors are away in tlie lead when it comes  to winning the love of the beautiful girls in  Vancouver. ��� ,���.������  '������        '   * * Easter; ������.  This is tiie time of the year when tlie perennial Easter problem clamours for solution. , It  might almost be said of Easter, as it has been  said of the currency question, that no one  understands it. There nro two methods open  to the ordinary person by which he or sho may  clccide the date upon which Easter Day will  fall in any particular year. Tlio first is to consult an almanac, the other is to get tlie Dominical Letter uud the Golden Number and a  whole lot of other data and worry; it out. On  tlie whole, the first method Is the most reliable  and it lias the further advantage that il is not  so provieatlvc of profanity as the second.  According to the decision of the Council of  Nice in the year 325, Easter Sunday is the llrst  Sunday ufter the full moon, which happens  upon or next uftcr the 21st of March, the date  of the vernal equinox. If the full moon should  occur on a Sunday,' then Easter day conies on the  Sunday following. This is fairly clear, though  it was not clear enough to prevent our christian forefathers from abusing each other, and  calling each other-heretics and so-f ortb^for-'a-  matter of five or six centuries afterwards-  much in tho same fashion as our moro im>  mediate ancestors worry themselves and each  other over tho*usc of incense, the "eastward  position,"'and similar epoch-making problems. Nevertheless, it is not so clear as lt looks.  If the rules as laid down by tlie council had  been observed properly last year, Easter Sunday would have been on April 22nd. But  there are complications, as I have said. You  must, first of all, ask yourselves, how many  moons arc there ? (lly the way, I would not  recommend any of my readers to put this  question to a gentleman returning home after  being out with the boys all night. He might  think It had a personal application.)  The man In tho street would, no doubt,  be quite prepared to assort: that there la  only ono moon.  Therein  he would bo wrong,  1 want to put ii few facts before your  remlepii, as 1  nm of  tlio opinion  thnt  out' city should wake up to Its lospon-  MlbHItles   ami   its    splendeil   future.   1  use the word "splendid" advisedly, for  If our aldermen Just at  this Shiga'of  affairs In  our history  take advantage  of   tho  opportunities   now ...presenting  themselves, we shall have a city whose  name will he spoken of throughout the  v.'lioio Dominion as the most progressive and at the same time whose ���financial  position  will  be of sueli a character    that    her    debentures    will  be  eagerly  sought  after, .whenever  they  are offered  to  the public.   Every tax,  direct or indirect, comes out of the Individual,  therefore 0 let  me    ask why  should  we. compel any man,  whether  he lie wealthy or of small  means,  to  p:ty more for service rendered  to him  than lie ought to pay.   'Pake the electric light and tram system, of this city  as a sample.      Why should  either of  these belong  to a company of principally absentees, who make us pay just  whatever they have a mind to do and  who reap alt the    monetary    benefit.  13oth of the services referred to ought  to, and the time hns come when we,  the people, must arise as one man and  say  that  our  city  shall   become  the  owners of both franchises.   I am afraid  that upon  reading  this    some  of our  nervous, faint-hearted people will say:  "it can't he done."   I reply, why not?  We can get the money easy enough,  and  It  will   pay.   Look  at  our  water  works,  owned  and  controlled    by  the  city.   Yet at  tlie time   we purchased  people  said  we  paid    too  much,  an'd  probably we did.   Yet, notwithstanding  that we did so, what'hns been tlie result?   Not only succens, but grand success, for the water works; Is our best  producer of  revenue.     And  why not  electric light? or why not trams?  Look  at Manchester,  England.   A  company  controlled   the   tramways;   their   lease  expired, so they applied to the council for a renewal, which was refused.  The cr-mpa.ny, who    was    paying the  council   ��23,000 a year,  offered   to: increase the payment to ��50,000 a year,  and to pay all rates and taxes, ��16,000  a year, making a total of ��50,000 per  annum.   This was refused.   The council   called   a   public! meeting   to ask  whether  they should  borrow ��81)0,000,  equal to Ji,3CO,000.   The meeting amidst  cheers endorsed' the council's proposal.  What .was the result?   The council in  all  spent  nearly  $10,000,000,   and   upon  .the-'first year's operation!? the people  cleared $500,000.   I have taken the facts  just referred ��� to from the Manchester  Guardian.   Now, 'In Sydney, Australia,  you  can  ride for a cent a mile after  tlie first two miles; that is, one penny  is the minimum charge, and the government has never received less than  10 per cent, on the outlay.   But let us  come nearer home.   Winnipeg is lighted at a cost of 19 3-2 cents per light  each   night.   This   is  better   than   One.  asked by the Stave Lake people, and  better far than  the company we nro  dealing with at present.  ______ ,��� in jy In nlpeg ���   ARE   THE   BEST.  TRY   THEM.  Sold b.v  ODaldson & Mathews,  Clothiers, Hatters and Men's Outfitters, 74 Cordova Street, Vancouver  BUCHANAN & WHITE  HOUSE PAINTERS  725 Hastings St.       Union Labor Only  J. D. Murray, Proprietor of  Blewfbn's Bakery  Will deliver bread in any part of   '*  Vancouver at 26 loaves' for One  Dollar.  Prior Street. ���'���-.        Tclc|>tionc 587.  Your.  Sunday Suit  ���or your working suit  ���which is it?   '  Iloth nro here���cnino In within the  )mst few clays bearing the impress of  1901 newness in style, in cut, in materials, in niiike, in prico.  You really ought, to see what yoiir  fellow workmen���tlie tailors���nro doing,  ns tlieir sliure in tlio advancement of  'new ideas for our country's betterment.  Johnston*  Kerfoot &> Co.  '������ Vnncouvcr' Dig Clothiers, Hatters nml Jlen's Furnishers.'. ?  104 and 106 CORDOVA STREET.  Arqyle House  JUST   -"���"I"*  Tlio Latest and Up-to-date Ladies' and Children's  ....SAILOR HATS....  BELTS���Tlie Lorraine, in Black, Gold,  Etc.  ��UCKLES---Loops and Spikes.  Shirt Waists.  Children's Parasols���Allovcr laces.  J. HORNER,  AVJ5NUE,': OPPOSITE   C1TV   MALI,.  iocc?ooooootx>  ooooo  OC  WESTMINTSER  WE CARRY_^>  the finest line, of-Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart cfc Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  , in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  montreaiTbakery  600 Westminster Avenue.  Party %  holds the balance of power when it comes to a ^  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the ^  subject we are most interested in. We Want ^~  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity ^  of showing the good points of McClary's <* ^  Famous Range. It is the best and tlie terms A-  are easy. ^..  136 Hastings St." J"  & 24 Cordova St. X  MkLennan,  McFeely & Co.  "WHOLESALE AND   RETAIIi  DEALERS   IN  MMlm Hardware  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATOHDNrriON.  Prices . . .  Making a New Record of Littleness.  Walk in and  FREDERICK Bl  CniKA Hall, 319  Decorated Toilet Sets, 0 pieces f2.00 set  Look Around.  LIS'COMBE & CO.  Hastings Street.  The city of Winnipeg has made an  experiment In public ownership full of*  Interest to other Canadian cities. That  city was paying .5 cents per night per  light for electric street lamps, and  was not getting tlie Illumination that  the leading men ot the city considered  lic.ccssnry, The municipality .took over  the electrlc'strcet lighting, and the result of the first year Is that tlie lights  cost but 19 1-2 cents each per night.  The lumps are better tlmn the old ones,  and throw more light. The general result Is that the city of Winnipeg, for  the sinnc money its before, has secured  more than {double tlie lllumlmitlon lt  enjoyed under the contract system. The  render should niiiltc a note of this.���  Toronto Star.  Why eimnol we do il. well ns Winnipeg or one better? 1 will go Into the  matter more fully next week. Will  seme of your readers ask questions,  which, If received by Mr. Editor herore  Wednesday, I will gladly answer.  SOUTHERN CROSS.  Watches  We are offering Watches  at bottom prices.  110 CORDOVA SfREET.  KELY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GltOCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ffigp Headquarters for Domestic ..and Imported Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  Old Books  Wanted  -AT-  GALLOWAYS ..  BOOK EXCHANGE.  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  nevei' falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives Instant relief���  guoranUc-enJ, your unioney back. 25c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���=^  Consulting Mcelianical Engineers  M0 G'OKDOVA Bt. \V., Vanccuvkb, B. C. Til. 76  I'Atentocs find deHlKnurs ol tlio Ilarclle-  TlminpM.il WHlcr tube boiler, new high  ��|>ect_ reversing engines, mid upoclnl  machinery In light kcctluu" for(mliica.  I'KOI'tM.XIU DK..10NKP.   KNOIMUI INMCATID AND  ADJUHTM).  Bole agontH in I). 0. and N. W. Torritorlo* to  the United Kleilblo MetHllIc Tubing Co., Ltd.  Loudon, Eng.  A Shoe for Men  The name of Packard is a guarantee of tlio highest quality, style-  and fit produced in shoe leather, an American shoe that is not an  experiment, hut enjoying tho  largest  output of. miy shoe in tho-  Unit (1 States trade of shoes.   We have them in all leathers, shapes*-  and styles and nre the exclusive agents in this vicinity.  $5.00 Per Pair.  Fit-Reform Wardrobe  FOR GENTLEMEN'S HIGH ART.  SUITS TO ORDER  OR READY-TO-WEAR  AT HALF BEST TAILORS' PRICES.  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver, B. C.  I i   GEO. HAY   :  S     Vancouver's   Pioneer    Clotlien  Renovator, makes it suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  '    216 Cammis Si,, Vanoouvib.  A# M. BEATTIE,  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Oflice and Hales Room, 107 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, 1). C.   'I'lione 8(1-1.  ��0f Farm Stock end Land a specialty  Why Pay Rent  When you can own your own houso by  a cash payment of $ 100.  Call in and wo will explain our plan  to you.  MACFARLAl, ROOME & CO.  442  Westminster Avenue.  Telephone 699  W. A. McDon-am)  H. W. RoBI.N'SOW  Telepllono 651.  Western Cartage Co  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all Purposes.  OBDCBft TAKEN TOR WOOD AND COAL-  Office! 314 Cambie Street  For all kinds of  Tho only union shop in tho city.  Society Banners a specialty.  725 Hastings Stbeet.

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