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The Independent Feb 23, 1901

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 I  i  .XL  ���\\  ..-���'-s..>'*0_  La--A/LA.;.k-^  D  KJ  Jo-  \-~&i^/~*\, LM  I  ;"*  ������a I  :1  HEW YORK LIFE IffSDRAXGEM  The oldest and lnrgost International company in the world. .  ���  Supervised 07 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  OTTAWA FIRE IKSURAflfCE 0  Authorized Capital   .   11,500,000      .  Subscribed Capital  - -   '500,000   ..  Government Deposit -        81,000  H. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for B. C. and Alberta.  30 and 31 Flack Block, Vancouver.  VOL. 2.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY"2 J,1901.  NO. 22.  CANADIAN LABOR NOTES.  A strike ,s on GiinnV; Job at Robson  and Nelson, n. C.  Carpenters are asked to stay away  from Bruce mines at present. Conditions unfavorable.  A. J. Kelly has been elected president  of the Ottawa Trades Council, and T.  A. Woods, secretary.  The Winnipeg city council has endorsed the petition of the letter-carriers for a 20 per cent. Increase In  wanes.  Trouble is expected between the  telegraphers and the 'Northern Pacific  railway company. The men want  shorter hours.  The Miners' union ball at New "Denver, Thursday night, was a huge success, there being a bis crowd present  from Sandon, Silverton and Nakusp.  The Builders' Laborers of Ottawa  have also given notice that they will  work eglht hours and at 22c. per hour.  The broommakers of Toronto have  organized a union of 25 members.  ���At Moyie, B. C, the Miners' union  had window cards printed bearing the  inscription, "We neither ipatronize or  employ Chinese here," "Which were  displayed in nearly every, business  house  In  the  town.  The petition of t'lo letter carriers of  Ottawa has been received by the  Trades Council, and the carriers will  have the active support of the Ottawa  men in their efforts to obtain a straight  20; per cent, increase all over the Dominion.  The .Rossland Trades and Labor  Council, by resolution, endorsed the  work of the Lord's Day Alliance of  Canada and appointed a committee to  meet the organizer at the Alliance,  Rev. J. G. Shearer, who is soon to visit  Rossland.  Herbert Porter and G. (H. Mackenzie  were blasted -it the Knob Hill mine,  neni- Greenwood, on Saturday last.  ��� Porter ..was severely..bumed-and. cut,,  and for a time it was thought his  sight was destroyed, but a late dispatch suites he was improving and  that in.all probability his eyesight  would be saved.  The secretary of the Ontario Bureau  deplores the prevalence of child labor,  long hours and monthly payments. (He  says there is great difficulty in enforcing the laws against these evils  because of hardships of individual  cases. However, ihe believes that individual cases will havo to suiter for  the benefit of the great number.  Arrangements 'have been made by  the Miners' union of Siocan, B. C, to  ���erect a handsome 'hospital this summer. It will be 'modern in.its design  and equipment and will cost $5,009.  Dr. Forln, of Nelson, has' been engaged to superintend the hospital and to  look after the Jiealthi of the members  of the organization, and he enters upon  his duties on March 1st.  A branch of the Unitt-d Brotherhood  of Carpenters and Joiners of America  was recently organized in Ottawa, arid  its progress in -membership has been  remarkable. The union has sent notices to the contractors, planing mill  owners, furniture manufacturers and  public works department* that lt is desired In the spring to put. Into force  a minimum rate of 25 cents per [hour  and to establish a nine-hour working  day.  The government of Manitoba has  leased, ln_per.petiiity_-from_theJNnrth.ern  Pacific its Manitoba branches, paying  the following rental: 'First ten years,  $210,000. annually; second ten years,  $22.*>,000; third ten years. SiTJ.000; thereafter, $300,000, with the option of purchase at $7,000,000. Thi.. would make 4  per cent, on a capitalization of $20,000  per mile. These lines become pint of the  Canadian Northern, the company allowing the government to, fix rates, in  Manitoba nnd between points In Manitoba and Lake Superior."  ada have determined to make another  effort, und hopo to be successful.  TUB 'RAIL WATT QUESTION*.  The Inland .Sentinel says thnt from  present indications the time ot the  present session of the Dominion parliament will be largely taken up in th*;  consideration of railway .problems. In  the Jlrst place there is the proposed  creation ot ii Railway commission, a  matter of the utmost importance to the  people of Canada, and over which 1t Is  safe to anticipate there will be a battle  royal, for the creation of nn efficient  commission will very naturally lessen  the powers of the big railroad corporations, powers which to-day -practically permit of their running the country to suit the packets of their shareholders. Then there will be the fight  for and against the projected railway  to connect Jim IHill.'s American line  with the Crow's 'Nest Pass coal fields,  and the now celebrated Kettle River  railway. These contests will be WRged  with great vigor, and every resource  obtainable by the big corporations concerned, for (British Columbia is a rich  field, and well worth figtiting for. It  Is fairly safe to say that in the struggle very little heed will be given to  the real interests ot the people of this  province. -Doubtless appeals will be  made to the public to support this or  that side of the case on patriotic and  high moral grounds, but it may be  taken for granted that the motive actuating the combatants is simply and  solely a desire to secure a further cinch  on the the vast natural resources of  ���Southern .British Columbia. It is,-  therefore, necessary that the public  should,'1 so far as possible, get at the  facts, and pay precious little heed to  the appeals to patriotism or high moral  grounds. There is nothing clever corporation pleaders find easier than to put  the public off the scent by appeals of  this kind. But invariably, after the  tight, and after the public have succumbed to the appeals to their patriot-  ism,''it is found that the successful corporation has simply tightened its cinch-  a notch or two.        i  A cireulur lias Just been Issued' by  the Legislation committee of the Toronto Trades and (Labor Council, appealing to the labor organizations of  the Dominion to assist them in their  efforts to have the, amendment to, the  Trade (Mark and Design act so amended as to legalize trade union labels and  make them the' 'exclusive and 'sole  properties of the bodies registering  them. I: will be remembered that several years ago this bill was Introduced  in the House of Commons by the late  George Bertram, and was approved by  the house, but when It came before the  senate for their consideration If was  killed. The labor organizations of Can-  ���LAIEO'R-IS IBATTiLE.  The following is from General 'Master  Workman Chamberlain's address to the  Knights of Lalbor:  "Organised labor has long been a  ���clog upon the machinery .of greed;anil  a 'watch at the home ot'the wealth producer, whether ihe i.s 'in the union or  not. We believe that in the near future  a deadly ibattle is 'to' be fought 'between  organised capital and org'Jlanicsetaolln  ���It is to be a death grapple by the united forces of labor unions on -tho one  side and the united forces of the money  .unions on the otiher. and the highest  court, the bankers' union, the lawyers'  union,- the trust union and the union of  the professional .politicians, the newspaper union, tho . ecclesiastical union.,  and 'the international ''union of ancient  snobbery, backed by the armies and  navies of the world, -will 'com'blne to  overthrow organised labor, that kicks  and strikes against conditions that it  could remedy at the ballot ibox. The  supreme court has already affirmed the  decision appealed 'from Los Angeles,  that to be a meinber of "a labor union  that may include a strike is to be a  criminal. The federal government sent  a special assistant attorney general to  Hazelton to assist in establishing the  right to shoot strikers. The rights of  man are now second to the dollar. We  have cast the-statue ot'dharlesloura-'  ner "Into the rubbish Toom, the Goddess of Liberty is hauled down from  the capifol at Washington, the "toller  -who asks for-humane-treatment-ls called the "souin of creation," and the dial  ���fingers of modern civilisation moves  down to an aristocracy of wealth, supported by a forced tax ot "interest,  profit nnd rent." wrung from every toller. As long vis organised labor contented itself iby growling at condition-" and  Its leaders could ibe worked to organl��e  a strike when the market Is overstocked,* as long as the'workingmen depended oh the strike remedy,' but voted .with  the proprietor, he' was happy In the  belief that he was n sovereign, anil the  boss,.was contented because the army,  und the Qutllng gun were behind him.  It is because the Sampson of labor has  begun to recognise his duty nnd because it is now cheaper to destroy the  unions than to pacify them, because the  toilers must herea'fter be content with  smaller wages, so that the larger share  of .prafits can 'be given to the capitalists, thnt we make this prediction."  THE AWRJL MINE ACC|DENT.  Following Is the full list of the 20  white men who were killed In the mine  explosion at Cumberland on Friday." In  addition to these there were 35 Chinamen and 9 Japanese:  IWULTJIAIM B. WALKHR, aged GO  years, married, leaves wife and four  daughters, the eldest being is years  of age.  IW'ILLIAIM WIAILKIBR, aged 20, and  GEORGE] WAILKEIR, aged 18, sons of  "William R. Walker. a  JOHN' ALLTSCW. mule driver, single,  aged 20; Iflrst day in the .pit.  .ROBERT STEELE, aged 30, single.  -ROBERT FL0OK, of Kilmarnock,  Scotland, aged 40, leaves wife and six  children. The family arc in Scotland,  and the deceased was one of the men  who arrived several months ago iron-  Scotland.  WtUULIAM D.WIS, single,' aged- 45  years. No relatives in this country.  Came to Union from the Newcastle  mine.  UlAiMES CiROSETTI, 'Italian, aged 36  years, leaves wife and .one child ln  Italy. He had been 12 years at Union,  and two years ago visited his family.  JAIMES iHAXDJIDAT, aged 45 years,  leaves wife and family. His wi��e Is at  Lethbridge, IN*. ,W. T., and deceased  had intended sending for his family  this 'month.  C-ELAIRiUES BONA, aged 30, married,  leave  wife and family at Union.  DTJiNCAN MiUNBO, aged 40 years,  leaves wife and six children.' 'Lately  arrived from Extension mine.  ���LOUIS SlIMONiDI, aged 50 years,  leaves wife; no family. Had been 12  years at Union.  'JOHN WHrmE, aged 42 years, leaves  wife and" five children,' eldest boy ot  16 years. Had been at Union 12 years  and was a son of ex-Overman James  Whyte, one of the best known miners  in British Columbia.  A'XTDREW* SMITH, single,  aged  40.  Worked in the district for many years..  THOMAS  LOIRD,    single, _ aged  33;  lived at  Union six years.  IWI'L/LIAM* aNEDDEN*. agedv'-'0,<  leaves wife and large family. Wife  lives in Nanaimo.  'RETEIR iBARlDISONA, Italian, married, aged 35, leaves wife and four  children  at  Union.  A'NTON 'MAIF1FA0DO, single, aged 2S,  late -arrival at Union.  iDIUNIOA'N* i.McTNiN'ES, single, aged 50,  (widower), family all dead. Late arrival  at Union.  GEORGE T.UIRN'BUL'L, timberman,  aged (22 years, 'leaves wife.  If ever there was legislation needed  ro prevent .loss of life in mines it is  in British Columbia. When the news  first became known, of course it was  the duty of the newspapers to got the  exact facts jis soon as possible, but  they were prevented from doing so' by  Insolent officials who would no: allow  them transportation. As soon as this  became known ihe public ut once grew  suspicious that there was a huge African gentleman somewhere.in the fence,  and ihut the owners of the mine were  to blame for the accident, and no doubt  they were, as subsequent events have  demonstrated. Mi'. "William* .Roy,' a  hale, shrewd, old Scotch miner, a man  wlio has dug coal for fifty-one years  in ail .parts of the world, made the following statement to The Province:  "il know what I am saying, and  there's nothing that I say that I'm not  .willing to swear to. 'Mail and boy, I've  worked in coal n_i,nesj,'aU my,.life,- but  ���So. 6 was the giisiest I've 'ever'seen  and    that    is    saying    a   good    deal.  An oil well, which has a flow of more  than 7,000 barrels a day, and which  has already inundated -five acres of  land with -petroleum, has been struck  In the Blackford county, Indiana, field.  I_kneiv~that"6he���would ~'bIdwTiT>~some"  day, and at my time.of life there is  no use tempting fate too much, so I  left the job. iMy son David continued  to work there and il w-nrned him every  Jay until, thank God, he!" decided to  quit and .quit he did on Thursday."  "What do you mean," asked tha reporter, "when you say that/the mine  'told what it was going to do?',"  "I mean," replied Mr,; Roy,- "that it  ���was,.always full of gas and for my own  .part il never, fired a shot without find-  :lng tin- 'place-on lire to a greater or  less extent afterwards. It wafl a mine  In which black powder should never  have'been used at all."  "Was the question of the safety of  the mine ever discussed between you  and other men employed there?"  !*Dlscussed? You may well say it  was. Not long before I decided to quit  work there altogether I said to Will  Walker, the overman, or .pit boss. .-_fl  some call him, nVill,' I said, this mine  will go up some-day. don't'you doubt  it,' nnd he said, 'If you had been here  yesterday and had seen what I saw  you'd never have come back.' I've  worked  in Lanarkshire,    Scotland,  ln  six different pits: I've worked in Nova  Scotia. In Cape 'Breton, in Ohio and in  Nanaimo and Wellington as well, but  never saw anything to equal  the gns  that No. 6 used 'to make when  I was  there.   So  I   told    Mr.  Matthews,   the  manager, nnd got out, and to-day I'm  thankful  that  I got my  son  to quit  Just in time.   IMind I'm not saving that  there was not enough .ilr sent into the  mine,   for   there   was.      There  was  a  strong current  all  the  time.     Sometimes it wsa so strong as to make a man'  fr-el cold, but the fact was that there  was  no telling when a big leader of  gas  might   be   broken   into,   and   then  everything was sure  to go.     Serious  blame lies somewhere for the method  that the mine was worked.  In a gassy  mine such as that was,  there should  have been two shafts separated from  one   another   altogether,  then    there  would have been no possibility of the  air suppjy  being shut  off.   "When  the  mine blew up on Friday the midwall  of the one shaft was broken in a dozen  places, and of course air could not be  forced below the breaks as it' will return by the shortest route.   If another  se.parate shaft had been there some of  those   men   might  possibly  have  been  saved, and in any event 'the disaster  could not 'have been more serious.  The  accident might have occurred in many  ways.   Some men put in heavier shots  than others, and one may have blown  into a  big leader of gas.   One explo-  olon would  then .quite probably follow  another.   IPoor John Whyte, who Is In  there now. was always, talking about  the danger, and he knew as  well ns  I  did   that  she  would  blow  up  some  day.  One  day I  remarked   to  a  fire  boss that the mine was dangerous, and  he said it was not as bad as some he  had   seen.   I   thought    that    he  was  crazy, so il said lo Walker, 'That man  Is a dangerous man  to have round a  mine.   He's not afraid of the gas, and  he says that this .mine is not as gassy  as some he has seen.'   'I don't know  where he saw them then,' says .Walker, -for I never saw any to equal it.'  The  miner who   is  no:  afraid  of gas  Is   a  fool.   I've   had   experience   with  gas, and   with  explosions and I know  what  I'm  talking about."  IMr. iRoy said that he was eertainly  o�� the ��� opinion that Chinese were a  source of danger. He admitted that  some white -men were careless, "but,"  he said, "a white man understands  what is told him, and a Chinaman  half the time does not. I have seen  some Chinamen who were careful, but  they are not very many, and in any  event I don't want any Chinamen looking after my safety."  LETTERS TO THE EDIfOH.  "When you want to hire a first-class  horse.and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  'FISH 1R.APS.  Tlle papers are hot saying muoh  about it,'But'there is a great fight on  at Olympia. Wash., where the legislature is now in session, between the  Irish trust and the .fishermen. Robbed  of all sophistry, the contest is the same  old light of organized'capital to control  an industry, says the Seattle Union  Record. Capital in this matter is represented by the .fish trap men. Vir-  tually the only opposition ihey are  meeting with comes from the Fisher-'  men's Union of Seattle. Various bills  have been introduced in the legislature  looking to the control of the rapacity of  the trap trust. As the best means  of gaining any of their points, the fishermen have indorsed the Gunderson  bill, wjiich combines the features of  the several* other bills. .We do not  know whnt the fate of this  bill will  be, but are satisfied that if the trust  can bury or kill It they will do so. We  note as an indication of their dfforts in'  this direction a bill -ha.s been introduced  Increasing Instead of curtailing the  privileges' of the fish trap trust. This  bill, we believe, will pass, though we  hope It will not. It right prevails,  Gundei'sou's bill will become law. The  ilsliermen or Seattle are .putting up ns  good n fight lo that end na poor men  can.  HHN'.EjFTI' laN-BERTAINftUBXT. ''  Tho Colored Aristocracy, company,  who gave a performance last night at  the city hall, well deserved the patronage bestowed upon them, not only for  their entertainment, but from the fact  that their treatment by the former  ���management has left them. stranded  far from home and without funis.  Their intention to give a benefit performance on Monday night In aid of  the widows and orphans of the victims  of the 'Cumberland ' mine' disaster  should be fully appreciated by the public and patronized, accordingly. 'Popular .prices for the city hall should  bring everyone out.  Tbe liberty of the Subject.  .Editor Independent: One of the  commonest and also one of. the most  plausible arguments against trades-  unlonl-rm Is that the unions attempt  to interfere with the rights of those  who differ from them, preventing men  who do not belong to a union, but who  may be, ln every respect, competent  workmen, from earning a living. In  short, the unions are charged with Infringing upon the liberty of the subject. Now it seems to me that this argument Is strong enough to be worth  answering, but still sufficiently wreak  to be easily refuted. In the iflrst place  admitting for the moment that the  charge is true, why should not the  working men try to obtain, by organization, the same protection which is  granted by law to the medical and legal professions? If a perfectly competent lawyer or doctor may not practice  In British Columbia without joining  what Is practically a union, and a  union whieh puts all kinds of vexations  and unnecessary obstacles In the' way  of an applicant for admission, why-  may not the carpenters, machinists  and other mechanics use their influence to prevent those who refuse their  Invitation to Join them (for mutual  protection), from injuring the trade, by  cutting wages and working under conditions which are not acceptable to  their fellow-craftsmen? But I maintain that there is no undue interference. Any man, or any body of men,  may, under British laws, take any action he or they 'may please, to safeguard their own interests, provided  that action be not in itself illegal. The  non-union men are perfectly free to  refuse to work with a union man or  to buy union goods, and if they can influence others to do Ihe same no one  has a right to stop them, and the  union men should surely be allowed to  do as much In their own interests. No  one can deny that unionism has been  of incalculable benefit, not only to organized labor, but all classes of working men, and if .unions have been useful iu the past,"they-will be absolutely  indispensable in the near future, if the  working .man is not to become a mere  slave. Gigantic trusts and combines  are being formed all over the world,  the small manufacturers and individual employers ot labor are being absorbed or squeezed out, but no one  .ventures to call this*interfering with  the liberty of the subject. It is only  "competltion," and the trusts and  combines are only "combinations of  business interests, or something  equally harmless arid legitimate. But  when the working men form a combine  by investing their capital (which is  their skill and labor) in a union, and  when they proceed to absorb or  squeeze out their competitors.-then we  hear that "the beggar on horseback" is  a worse tyrant than the man who Is  born a "master," the "liberty of the  subject" is threatened, etc., etc. 'When  a big corporation cuts their wages, the  working men are told the condition of  the market is to blame, and it would  be gross impertinence for them to sug-.  gest that the directors and .manager  could stand a cut in their salaries better than the mechanics. iWhen the operatives, goaded beyond endurance, go  out on strike, they are rioters and their  leaders are agitators and demagogues,  but no one blames the company for  retrenching by reducing the pay of  those who are least able to afford it.  An individual act of violence Is sufficient to brand a whole union or eom-  J__na_ti_on_of_unions_as_incendIaries_und  ruffians. In the eyes of some of those  who consider that "the labor men want  Coo much," and "are dragging the  country into anarchy and mob rule,"  but they are blind to the enormous restraining Influence which is exerted by  those same -unions, and they quiti- fail  to realize how greatly tho sense of  power and responsibility has tended to  the elevation and broadening' of the  views/of the men who feel that they  are lighting not for their own Interests alone, but for their fellow workers  now, arid'their class for all time to  come. Fortunately there are many  who do see this, and who are more  than willing to see labor representatives elected to parliament, appointed  to government office*, and In every  way taking part in the government of  the country; they recognize that what  the people want they must have, and  when working men or any other men  nre capable of uniting for certain definite objects, organizing and carrying  on. yPA.1" ijfter year, a steady, persistent fight to attain those objects, until  they Anally succeed In convincing a  majority of the electors of the justice  of their demands, only childish ig'nor-  ance or blind prejudice can allege that  they are not perfectly fit to be trusted  with the powers they ask for and en-  :ire!y competent  to use those powers.  ti h at least Is the opinion of one who,  though not qualified for membership in  any union, yet claims to be, by sympathy at least, a UNIONIST.,  Vancouver, iFeb. 22, 1901.  Now to form a Mine Accident fund.  JSdftor Indeendent* There seems  to  me to be a very ready method of se-  urlng an  ample  compensation   fund  .'or the widows and onphans of those  :llled in colliery accidents in our province, without undue pressure on anybody.   A government  levy  of  half a'  cent' a  ton  on  the output of (Britteh  'olumbla coal  w0uld at the present  ���tte of yield���which is certainly 1,600,-  C00 tons per annum, and will soon be  2.000,000   tons���raise   a   fund"   of from  $8,000  to  $10,000 a year.   This   should  irove sufficient'year in year out to pay  pensions of $3CO a year to widows, until   their   death   or   remarriage,   if   it  would  not also provide  something in  aid of young children left onphans and  of  men  permanently  disabled.      The  needs  of  the  case    might,    however,  ihould the above suggested state fund  be found lacking,  be supplemented by  nlners' subscriptions, and at any rate  a  nucleus of  from' $8,000  to $10,000 a  year would In one form    or another  soon   gather to Itself enough  further  moneys to meet all requirements. Such  a fund should of course be administered  by a representative body  kept  wholly out of politics.    Yours, etc.,  N. C. 3.  Vancouver, Feb. 21, 1901.  "DEFROST.  ���Editor Independent: On a grey December morning in the year 1896, a  small steam craft left the port of Vancouver en route 'for that acme of human misery and despair, the lonely  D'Arcy Island of the Straits ot.Haro.  Besides the crew of the trim little  boat, she had on board the city health.  Inspector, and a poor .Chinese leper,  who wns doomed to spend the remaining days of his wretched-, life inside  the. roi-kr-girt shores:'of-the -lsland-1'iz-k?  aretto. On account of the fog which  usually overhangs the rushing waters  of Plumper's Pass at that time of the  year, the Captain was com.pelled to tie  up at Plumper's village and await the -  approach of another day. So after the  Chinaman had been fed and the dishes  he had used thrown overboard, the  crew went up to the little school house  and enjoyed themselves, along with the  neighboring ranchers at a ,'Xmas tree  and concert, given by the children of  the Mayne Island settlement. No  thought was taken ot the silent 'prisoner in the wheel-house of the boat,  where all night long -with ceaseless #  tread he walked :he narrow floor, and  tried with frantic efforts to )o-.v?r the -  windows and escape, that he might net  be sent to that fearsome place of living death, to which he knew his poor,*'  loathsome, aching body was consgined.  When the morning sun broke clear  and bright, Jack Alcock unlocked the  pilot-house door, and the sight that  met his horrified eyes would turn the  strongest stomach sick, and terrify the  bravest man that ever ran a boat on  Britfish Columbia's coast. There stood  the disconsolate figure of a fellow-  being, who embodied both the living  and the dead; his eyes bulging with  the baffled rage of a maniac, and every  line of his sallow, ashy features portraying the black shadow or despair  that enveloped his poor, befuddled,  heathen   brain.     Tho  windows,   wheel  nnd_fioor__besmeared_with-putrld-blood   and flesh, and-finger nails, were tokens of the awful struggle that had  taken place between that crazy mass  of bones and rotten flesh and the stout  onik frames of the windows and doors,  while the fetid smell would nauseate "  the stomach of a crow. But brave  Jack Alcock and the genial Charlie  Harrow, who have both ��lnce found  watery graves, were compelled to clean  away tho, horrid, /filthy mess and proceed .upon their way, and it is said by  men who were shipmates with thorn,  that whenever asked about their trip  to ID'Arcy Island, their faces always  fell, and Who will wonder at their sadness? Place yourself in the awful  dnnger that* Mongol Immigration  brought to them and shudder at the  thought J. M. '-MILLER.  "Vancouver, Feb. 18, 1901.  Coal owners of iFlfe have reduced by  ls. per ton the price of their'shipping  qualities of coal, and the Lanarkshire  Miners' union has recorded a resolution against the proposal made by the  coal owners to reduce wages by Is. per  day from the maximum rate of 8s? per  day. '  '- 1  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  -FEBROAIRT 23. 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  WEK>. BARffiLBY Editor  BARKY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   -WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST  OF  OROAINieED  LABOR  BY  THB *aro(E*P*i_ND_-_NT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   tU  HOMER   STREET,  VHR,   B.  C.  VANOOU-  SUiBSCRIPTSONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 6 cents; month, It cents; three  B-ontke, J6 cents; six months, 65 cents;  qpe year, fL_��.  ENDORSED BT THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY  FEBRUAIRY 23, 1901  TUESDAY'S 'BYE-ELECTION.    ���  .". The provincial bye-election on Tucs  day was a? surprise to both sides, ex'  Mayor-Garden, trie late member, being  re-elected over Mr. IMacpherson   by  j  majority of 320.   In the'December elec  tion   for [Burrard   for     the   House   of  Commons Mr. Garden    received    1,847  votes and IMr."Maxwell 2,2S4 votes, Mr.  Garden being defeated by 437 votes.  In  Tuesday's   contest   Mr.   Garden   polled  1,941 notes and '.Mr. IMacpherson  1,621  votes, iMr. Garden's    majority    being,  therefore, ."HO votes.   Jt win be noticed  this time that the change in majorities  favored (Mr.   Garden   by  7.VT.      At   :he  provincial  elections  in   June   last  Mr.  Dixon, of the 'Labor parly,  polled  Silt!  and 'Mr.  Macpherson,  of    the    Martin  party, 1,435 votes.   Mr. Martin received  1,737 votes, and ex-4Mayor Garden 1,799.  On Tuesday ex-JMayor Garden  ran as  an 'Independent and Mr, Macpherson :.s  a  Labor  candidate,   endorsed   by   the  Martin   party.   The supporters  of IMr.  Garden   tried   hard   and   succeeded   in  making some workingmen believe that  the (Labor  .party   bargained'   with  the  Liberals for their support,  which was  not so.     The result shows    that a large  sectiono f the 'Liberal party would have  no  more  to  do  with   the (Labor party  than   the   Conservatives   would.    Both  the iLiberal   pariy    and   Conservative  party as a whole at all times are ready  to receive the support of workingmen,  but In   turn  will never -vote solid  for  any    workingmen's    candidate.      The  leaders   with   a   large   section   of   the  Liberal party it is true were grateful  enough   to   and   worked   hard   for   Mr.  Macpherson,    which    fact    the Labor  party appreciates very much.  Had the  Liberal party voted solid for the Labor  candidate he  would undoubtedly have  been elected.   Again it was noticeable  that there was a considerable number  of young men who cast iheir first vote  for Mr. Garden, which is a new element  heretofore    not    reokoned    with,    and  which the Labor party throughout this  . province should  look after more  than  it does.   The falling-off   in  the    total  vote cast���from 4,131 to 3,589, a reduction   of 042���may  partly  be  accounted-  for by the fact that it was a bye-election and no big question at issue.   The  new  list .used  on    Tuesday    contains  many    hundreds    of    more    genuine  names   than   did  the  old    one.   Apart  from  all   the foregoing circumstances  there was no end to schemes of corruption indulged  in  by- Mr. Garden's  supporters to down- the "Labor candidate.   To use a vulgarism our opponents were well healed and had the coin,  a  large  amount of which came  from  Victoria.   Affidavits placed in our possession state that votes were .purchased  and  also   that  money  changed  hands  in the Mayor's oflice for this purpose.  Is it any wonder that the (Labor candidate  was defeated.  More anon !������_.���  THE AtLUBN LAW.  The government at Ottawa ever since  it came Into power In 1S96 have been  tinkering with the -Alien (Labor act.  It is true that an act to restrict the  importation and employment of aliens  was assented to June 29, 1897,cbut it is  of little use, because under It "no  proceedings or prosecutions for violations shall be Instituted without the  consent of the attorney-general of  Canada, or some person duly authorised by hilm." This clause to govern  the procedure simplifies matters at the  circumlocution olilffice 'way down cast,  und makes It inoperative. The alien  contract law affects this province more  than almost any other. In the Interior  there are about 5;000 men engaged at  work In the mines, nnd also there Is  a:large number of idle men. We have  heard it said that a numb.r of aliens  ha-ve been imported under contract  from the United 'States. If this bo true  the authorities at Ottawa sluuld  amend the law to prevent this wholesale invasion and displacement of our  citizens by greedy .corporations. It is  well known among the workmen that  certain   employment   ofilces     on    the  American side have sent men Into rlt-  Brltish Columbia under contract.   The  attorney-general of Canada,  when he  reads this, will no doubt act as reasonable as  Lord Chief Justice Jeffrey of  old and demand at once with a blare  of trumpets the proving of this assertion, which he knows would be impossible to do under the so-called abortive  alien  law.   During  the recent  miners'  lock-out In  the Kootenay district, the  Great Northern railway aided the employment ngencleB of Duluth, the Iron  ranges of 'Mlnnttsota nnd Michigan, In  misrepresenting   the    true   conditions  prevailing in B. C   at that time, and  grunted cheap rates to those desiring  to come  to  this  province to  work in  the imlning   districts.   This  was  done  by that corporation go as tomakesome  business  for  the road  on  account of  the falling oft in ore shipments.     The  alien laboi   law  should be effective in  this part,of Canada for good substantial reasons.   There, is  no penalty attached to t'.ie law" to prevent railroads  doing as they like iri bringing in Immigrants.   How   this can  be justified in  the face   of   tre   fact   that   owners  of  steamboats can be fined the maximum  sum of $500 tor each and every viola-  :ion we fall to comprehend.   The railroads  should   be   compelled    to  carry  back   aliens   ihe  same   as   the steamboats.   The  immigration  policy  of the  Ottawa government as well as that of  the provincial is of the utmost importance  to pur  welfare as  citizens,  and  badly  needs   fixing.   The existing "law  applies only to such foreign countries  as have enacted and retained in force  laws applying to Canada of a character similar to the act of the Dominion,  which    only   applies    to    the    United  Slates,  und not even applying to foreigners coming into the United States,  who  can   make   a. contract   there   and  ftiliil   it   in   this    country.   Whnt    the  ������vork'ingmen of Canada really want is  not a retaliatory measure particulnrly  against   the    United    'States,    but one  that applies to all countries alike. Miners and others have from time to time  taken alarm at the high-handed manner   in   which     managers     of    mines  break with imijun'lty the law or alleged  law.   fWe presume that it is the duty  of lLabor Commissioner Bremner to advise   the  government    of  these   facts.  We have no intention of inferring that  that gentleman does not carry out his  Instructions, because the working men  of   this   province    have   utmost   confidence   in   his   do'ing  so   to   the  letter.  Consequently the government can have  no good reason for remaining sphinx-  like  and   not moving   in   the   matter.  British Columbia to-day stands face to  face    with    the   race   problem.   .What  with the cheap Oriental and 'Slavonian  workers to compete against on the one  hand, and gigantic mine and other corporations  on   the other,  who have an  organized system.of'spotters watching  the movements of white workers,   the  situation in the labor market is growing   unrestful.   Workingmen   raise   no  objection to fair competition, but when  soulless and greedy capitalists are permitted to go beyond the borders of this  country  for men  to take the .place of  our own  kith and   kin   we hold  it  is  high   time   that  legislation  should   be  enacted   to  save  us  from   the  avarice  and   malice  of   our    oppressors.     'We  hope   the   western   members   will   not  fail  to impress these facts upon ,their  eastern confreres and enact a good immigration   law,  embracing  restrictions  as to cheap contract alien labor.  controlled by outside caltalists, who do  not care a fig for the welfare of the  residents.   It Is high time that eome-  v.ns  was done. ������  We owe an apology to our friends  the enemy who called on ue en masse  with a real brass band on the night of  the election. The classic selected we  presume was considered a very good  one, being the Dead March ln Saul,  but the playing was on the bum,  sounding more like "Croppy Lie  Down." If Boney, had sent around his  card In time we would have had some  refreshments provided for the momentous occasion.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  WAKING,-UP.  A feeling against monoplies of all  kinds lias been aroused which may gather Btrength and result in consequences  which those who have not given much  thought to government ownership may  yet be astonished at.���Victoria Times.  8HOBTKR HOURS.  Some local piece-work advocates might  do well to remember that it is an American Federation of Labor precept,  " Whether you work by the piece or  work by the day, decreasing the hours  increases the pay."���Union Record.  HOLD-m-S.  All the world's a stage, and many of  the inhabitants are merely stage robbers.���Sedro-Wooley Times.'  Three Things of  lra|M>rtance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want tb  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and "we shall do exactly as we advertise.  won't stay found  Tlie lost Charlie Ross has been found  again, this time in Chicago.   The trouble  with Charlie is that he won'tstay found.  ���Sedro-Woolev Times.  LACK   HlNCKBITf. ''  It appears that Chinese are being employed in doing assessment and develop-  work on a group., of claims on Britannia  "Mountain, near the famous Britannia  mines. The quartz minere as well aB  the coal miners will soon be competing  witli them and that in spite of there  being a law that practically debars a  Cainuman from working under ground.  We are afraid that Premier Dunsmuir's  anti-Chinese declarations and law6 are  only big fakes got up to catch the labor  vote and never intended to be kept or  enforced.���The Silvertonian.  Ked Cross Beer; 75c dozen pints; $1.50  dozen quarts, if bottles are returned.  Gold Seal I.iquor Co.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  AoML TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DKALKB IK  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  ���fi  5  THE BEST-^fr  Skilled Labor  To Dinpenoe  ...PRESCRIPTIONS...  Everything .old at reasonable  prices aud guaranteed.  ^EYMOUR,  ��� Tlie Up-to-date Droggltt,  Corner Seymour and Banting.  Street., Vancouver.  The rate (or classified advertisement* is  one cent a word, but no ad. wlU be Inserted for leas tfcan S cents.  Union Directory.  ^ M. BBATTIE,"  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Office and Sales Room, 167 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, B. C.   'Phone 864.  JE&- Farm Stock and Land a specialty  NOTICE.  We arc again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the conning examination with the highest marks ln Read-  ins, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Own-  position and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The H.B.A.Vogcl Commercial College  P.  O.   Box 347. Vancouver, B.  C.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159; financial secretary, W. J. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary -committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary. J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 7.30 p. m., la Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 236 meet the luat Sunday ln each  month at Union hall. President, C. 6.  Campbell; *-li_o-nrceldcnt, George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box 6S;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew. Stuart; executive committee, E.  Ii. Woodruff. 6. .It...Robb, J. II. Browne,  N. Williams; delegates to Tr_n_c8 and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. To<M,  J.  H.   Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Saturday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and HasUngB street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalkor; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Larbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dicklo and  J.  Howes.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  To employ canvassers to solicit votes  for money should be made unlawful,  says a correspondent. How would  compulsory .voting do?  There is a Truth Students' association at Victoria. .If one were started  in Vancouver no doubt a whole regiment of liars would Join at once. Ananias day could be celebrated by holding an election.  ���Many   would-be voters  in  our  town  are so very ancient in  their ideas of  jfi-eMnraay":Mlin^"th"at~one"ls~incirne"d  to think sometimes that the news '.hat  a new sovereign in now on the throne  has no: yet reached them.  A correspondent elsewhere offers a  good suggestion to provide for the sufferers of mine accidents. *\V<> would  like to see the matter taken up by the  workingmen of this province, and induce the government to establish a  "mine accident fund" on some such  lines as indicated in  the letter.  Tlie barbers' unions ol" California are  urging tlie passage by the legislature of  that state of si bill requiring licensing of  ull persons practicing the trade. Similar measures are already in operation in  a number of states.  Gold Seal Eisen is a" beautiful California port. Rich and strengthening. Gold  Seal Liquor Co.  The Missouri supreme court has practically killed the anti-trust law of that  state in deciding to quash the action to  annul the charter of the street railway  monopoly of St. Louis.  Railways.  E'Jitor Independent: My first letter  on the subject, as published in your issue of the 9th, was addressed to the  young people of Vancouver, and contained an intimation that further particulars would be forthcoming in a  later issue of your paper. Since stating this I find that it would be as good  as impossible to connect the particulars in a weekly -periodica]! that they  could be properly understood, and  therefore, with your permission, I bee  to close the correspondence. (But, having committed myself to the young  people of the city, it is my intention to  issue a small pamphlet on the question  of railways as soon as the matter can  be compiled.   'Tours, etc.,  (PIHILtOP PEWSTER.  Vancouver, "Feh. 21, 1901.  Amusements.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nesbitt Manager.  NEXT   WEEK  February 25th, 1901.  KOJBTTO,  BEATRICE HALL,  SEVILLE AND YOUNG,  ���STANLEY AND SCANLON,  GENEVIEVE RAYMOND,  PAULA CORDERO,   .  ANNETTE GORDON.  Hotels.  The"  ���  MHK Dllf  Having the Only Up-to-Dfttc Grill Room  in B. C. which in itself in a guarantee  of & Fimt-Clafis Hotel and Restaurant. .  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  ��� and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, John Scott; vice-president, Frank  Black; corresponding secretary, Robert  Trotter; financial secretary, Jas. Jef-  fry. Meets overy Monday evening In Union hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OP CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday <n Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. McKen-  zle, 4S7 Ninth nvenuo; vloe-prijsldcmt,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Coffin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, h. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georgie  Walker; conductor, Jos. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon: delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson.  THE PACIFIC COAB*T SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  street. Robt. Barclay, president; R. E.  Rowe, secretary; box 757, New Westminster. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OI?  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodse, No. 183���  Moets second and fourtti Wednesday in  each month in Union Hall.- President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secretary, E.  'JMmmlns, 721! Hamilton street; financial  secretary.1 J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOUR'ENYMEN' TAILORS' UNION OF  AMERIQA, No.: lTS-Mects alternate  Mondays ln room 1. Union Hall. Fi*��l-  dent, F. Williams; vloo-prealdent, Mtes  Graham: recording secretary, H. O. Bur-  ritt: 'ilnancial secretary, Tromaine Best;  treasurer, C. E. Kcdlson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daoust. ���,        . '        V*CTOR-_A IKRA-OES AND LAiBOR.  Council. meets every alternate Wednesday at 8 p. m. ir. Sir William Wallace  hall. President, W. M. Wilson; vice-president,'Jas. Tagg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. McNlven, P. O. ibox 302, Victoria;  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; sergeant-  at-arms, T. Masters. "���>  THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTT  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each'.month in Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartlej-; first vice-president,  Geo. Wilby; second vioe-pfesident, T. H.  CrosB; recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician. H. Williamson. ?  Commissioner Hremner will be called  upon no doubt to put in force the  Allen Labor net of this country \t Mrs.  Carrie -Nation attempts to extend her  work of whiskey smashing to the  coast, writes a correspondent. The  Allen "Law Is no good, but Provincial  Commissioner McAllister might try the  educational clause In the immigration  act.  'Steps should be taken immediately  to call a convention ot the labor .party  of the province to be held at a central  point. It Is time something was  done to shape legislation on behalf of  labor. Nearly all the valuable resources of this country are owned and  ��� �� ��� B~ ���/-***- ^tVC? ��� ��� ���  The Standard Canadian 1'lano-  THE GERARD HEINTZMAN,  THE BELL, THE NEWCOMBE  The Standard Ensllih Instruments  THE BROADWOOD,    THE BRINSMEAD,  THE COLLARD & COLLARD.       '  All the above ut    :  BOULT'S MUSIC STORE  MO Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Huilcul Supplies.  COME TO  ALEX.   McLEOD  For  Union Boot And Shoe Repairing Work  Work guaranteed.        Trices right.  846 Granville Street, Vancouver, B. C  THEATRE ROYAL  (LITE   1I.HA1_B��A.)  IV. n. Lucie, TB06. Stunr....Managers  Next Attraction  will be  Announced  Here  Shortly.  THERE IS  oLEke^or^InjuryYicu  Health when you use  the  Seymour Streeet,  on Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for the engineering trade  in VaneooiTCr.  OHOICEST^���f^^  Liquors and Cigars  Firet-cI&Bs rooms from 50 ceata up.  ROBT. HIINTLY,   -   -   PROP  i HAKES il 8PRCULTY Ol- .  .for all Mods of  SIGNS  The only union shop in the city.  Society Banners a specialty.  725 Hastings Stheet.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  .Eli |. ti  LTD.  Cot. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  �� ;i8i'sBiocirifliiiooir!iiii3!(j  -LARGE STOCK OF���  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  .Ctyars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props,  CoRitKit Cordova ind Cimull.  CIOAEiM'AKEEfi' UNION, NO 367.���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union hall. President, P. E. Bevero;  vice-president, P. Waxstoek; secretary,  G. Thomas, Jr., 1�� Cordova street west;  treasurer, Q. "W*. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, C. Parsons; delegates to Trades and  La'bor Council, J. Crow, C. C. Copeland,  D. Morrissy.  V/^*<X_UVi.__RVFISHBRIMimN'S UNKXN,  No. 2. Meets ln Lutwr Hall, Homer  street, overy first and third Saturday tn  each month at S p. m. Alex. Bruce, president; Mr. Cadey, secretary. P. Q. box 297.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AiNiD t  DECORATORS. Local Union No. 13a��� *  Meetings firs and third Tuesdays ln La'bor Hall. Perceptor, H. Judson; president,  W. Davis; vice-president, E. Tipper; recording secretary, E. TomkSns, 526 Pender  street; financial secretary, B. Cross. 3002  Quebec street; conductor, A. J. Sloan;  warden, C. H. PInder; trustees, C. Sor-  dit, XV. Stoney, XV. Baker.   JOURNEYMEN:BAKHRS' INTERNATIONAL union of Vancouver, meets first  and third Saturdays of the month'in Union hall, Horoer street. President, w.  Wefcster; vilce-president, H. Rollando; fin.  sec., C. J. Salter, 413 Powell street; cor.  see., A. Ooomrts. Address soc.. F. Barnes.  Delegates to the Trades and labor council; C. J. Salter and H. "Walker.  SHIPCARPBNTERS AND CAJ-KEDRB  Association meets the first and third  Thursday in each month in Union hall.  Clifford Angus, president; George Smith,  vice-president; Wm. McCormack, vice-  president; J. G. Garvin, secretary; Fred.  McAlpine, treasurer; Levi Wheatcn, sergeant-at-arms.  AMiAiLGAMlATED SOCIETY OF CAR-  PiaNTERS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tuesday.  In room No. 2, Luibor Hall. President, J.  Davideon; secretary,_J._T. Bruce. MS Har-  "rls   street. 7~  Meetings.  Hunt & Foster, Hastings utreet.  'A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street,  Dan Stewart, Oorvtova jstreet  Clubib & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murpliy, Cordova street.  fflloR-ae & ���MoDona.a", Hastings etreet,  east. '  J. B. Sheering, Cambie street..  IE. Farron, Hastings street.  A. Clement, Hag-lugs street.  J. darrein, Cordova street.  Bimon & Co., Cordova street.  The best Cough Cure is �� BKJ 4 "  have you tried it ?  Why do you cough w&en " BfG 4  COUGH GURE " will owe yon.  L O. O. F.. M. U.���LOYAL THINE FOR  BVHR lodge, No. 7392, meets every second and fourth Tuesday dn the month In  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Heatings street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren pot-  dlally Invited. F. Black, N. G.; R. T.  Partridge, secretary.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. t,  F. O. E.. meets every Wednesday night,  and second Wednesday only of the months  of July, August and Septemtier. Visiting  metrtberg welcome. H. W. FIndlcy, W. P.,  Province office; 8. R. Robb, W. S.,  World office.  When in Want  of  Printing  Call at  The liMfle|iendeni  312 Homer St.  ���'i wirri-li"-ftil,iv-.wtTi"\^-ri*.i.iirvitf'M���''r-1^ri^'n~  II  *:>i  SAT.HRDA:T  . .FEBR.UA1RY 23,. 1M1  THE INDEPENDENT.  1  LABOR NOTES.  .   (Brief Paragraphs of Doings in tlie Wide Field  of Labor.  Air the lumbermen of Idaho are be-  ing organized.  A Machinists' union ihas been organized in Honolulu with 98 members.  The Alpena, Mich., Trades and Labor  Council has formally declared for socialism.  The brewers and teamsters' "auton-  .omy" war In Cincinnati has been settled in fuvor of the former.  Nearly 300 servant girls uttenJcd the  last meeting of the recently organized  Servants' union ot Minneapolis.  Rev. George H. Greer, of Yamhill,  WaBh., and Rev. Wlllard, of Moline,  111., have come out straight for socialism.  Nearly 14 per cent, of the total wage  earners in Mlnesota are women, according to the report of the state labor  department.  A New Hampshire mill official tack-  .cd up a notice of a 10 per cent reduc-  -tion, Land shortly afterward announced  lhat "business is rushing."  The coal mined in Englnn-1 last year  sold  tor $330,000,000.' The tnimrs who.  ,i did the work of mining this coal, received JST.SOO.OOO,  which is about one.  .sixth.   .  (Female letter curriers -have been installed at Aachen, Germany. They  wear black dresses- with yellow trimmings, and- black glazed hats with yellow  ribbons.  Mexican andiYanul Indians employ^  ,ed in the Mexican mines at Phoenix,  Jt. 'P., are alarmed over the proposed  importation of thousands of Chinese  to taJce their places.  On April 1st the window glass trust  ;nnd independent concerns will close  .down SO plants and throw 30,000 employees out ot work. The idea is to  curtail production and keep up prices  ���primarily.  In the new British parliament flfty-  -,five .members are directors of British  railways and eleven are directors of  .colonial or foreign railways, while half  of a dozen others are large contractors  ���for  railway  works.  More trouble for the engineers. IN'ot  only are the miners, brewers and other  unions that are organizing on InJus-  ���trlal lines swallowing their craftsmen,  but the tin-plate trust Ih attempting to  weed them out of its plants.  ���As a result of the efforts nf Jefferson 33'. Pierce, organizer of the Amerl-  ��� can Federation of lLabor, a general  movement has taken place among the  -few unaffiliated unions of San Francisco to join the nationals of their  trades.  It is reported that all the furnace  workers in tho (Mahoning valley have  accepted a reduction from $1.90 to $1.S0  a day in wages, and the threatened  strike has been averted. An exchange  says that many of these laborers paraded for the full dinner pail last fall.  The utrlke of the limestone quarry-  men in the eastern part of Youngs-  J town county and western (Pennsylvania  has been settled, the operators reconsidering their announcement of a reduction of from 20 to 17 1-2 cents a ton.  (More than -,000 men. were interested.  ���About 3,000 mill workers, mostly women and children, are on strike in and  aborut Scranton, Pa. All they appear to  liave desired, according to their committees, was living wages, but the mill  barons refused to hear their pleadings  and there ivas nothing to do but walk  , out.  .Machinists all over the country are  ���preparing to inaugurate the nine-hour  .day. The organized employers are favorable to the new move, and they insist that the independent concerns  .*hould be organized, and the machinists are working valiantly to bring the  -/ion-unionists in line.  The long strike of tho electrical  ��� ���workers in Texas is drawing to a close,  __one_of-thv.--t\vo-concorns Sighting- the  union having granted all the strikers'  demands. The other Is expected to  ���yield soon. The struggle has been on  for six months and stretched over hundreds of mil'.s of territory.  U is denied that there Is trouble In  ��� the rank* of the Amalgamated Association of 'Iron and Steel Wonkerc,  though there has been some depletion  In tho ranks owing to various causes,  but a conference is now being formed  to -discuss impor'.nnt questions and all  differences of opinion arc to bo settled.  (Dayton Central Trades Council and  a number of the local unions refused  lo appeal to '.he United States senate  lo pass the eight-hour bill. On the  .contrary, resolutions were udopted  couched In strong language, declaring  In substance that hereafter :hey would  vote for what they wanted Instead of  begging for It.  The issue wns raised before the supreme court of (New Zealand recently  os to whether the arbitration court had  the power to stipulate that union men  and women must be given preference  in settling disputes. (The supreme  , court 'held   that   the   arbitrators   had  that power. This decision was: promulgated because the New Zealanders  are not voting dummies to elect their  enemies to office.  ���Russian reports state that in Kherson, Smolensk and Tomsk there has  been an entire failure of crops.  The Joint wage conference of coal  operators nnd miners at Columbus last  week agreed to continue the scale in  force during the past year.  , 'During January the coke and anthracite furnaces Increased- their weekly capacity by 36,600 tons per week,  thus carrying the production up to a  rate of about 14,000,000 tons per year.  A contract has been let for the construction of a section of the extension  of the Choctaw, Oklahoma & Gulf  railroad system between Weatherford,  Oklahama, its present terminus, ��� and  Amarlllo, Texas. The entire length of  the extension will be over 200 miles.  The contract represents $1,000,000'.  The Cuban Constitutional convention  has adopted the first article of section  23, which provides that all debts contracted prior to the promulgation of  the constitution shall be repudiated,  except those contracted on behalf of  the revolution from and after February IM, 1895.  In'(Minneapolis 'the carpenters want  an increase of 1 cent per hour; bricklayers want 50 cents an hour, in place  of 45 cents demanded last year, and the  plasterers want HO cents as opposed- to  the present schedule of -_3 1-2 cents.  Painters,- decorators and paper hangers will Insist on an eiglx-hoiir day :it  35 cents tier hour.  There will be no trouble in 'St. Paul  this year between the carpenters and  the builders; they have come together  and agreed on terms for the season.  The agreement will go into effect and  continue for one year from April l,  1301. 'Last year the wage rate per hour  was 30 cents. iFor the coming year it  will be 33 1-2 cents under the agreement. It Is also agreed that eight  hours will continue to represent a legal clay's work; and jione.but union,  men will be allowed to work on jobs  being done or controlled by the mem-  THiE1 SAVOY.  The show at this popular theatre  this week is quiie up to the standard.  The first number on the programme  is a very laughable one-act comedy,  by Archie Stanley, full of comic situations, and keeping the audience In  a scream. (Miss Annette Gordon, the  pleasing soprano, has lost none of her  popularity, aiiss Paula. Cordera Is a  first-clnss T_oy impersonator, her costumes being most elaborate and up-  to-date. 'Miss Genevieve (Raymond- Is  a very high-class vocalist and received  a well-deserved encore for her rendition of My Oid Kentucky Home. Miss  'Mayme Scanian, in her Irish ditties, always makes a tremendous hit. Billy  iMeTCay and- Amy (Lawrence please the  audience with their comedy sketch,  The Soldier Boy and the Tough Girl,  in which IMIs-s 'Laurence scores a strong  point with her "Bowery specialty. The  Vernon sisters perform a clever singing and dancing act. Gus Baville and  Adam Young do an entirely new act  this week, full of new jokes .and witty  sayings, which were well appreciated  by ihe audience. The feature of the  bill Is the trick bicycle act of Mr. Ed.  Balsden, who closes the show and holds  the entire audience by his very neat,  clever and graceful performances ou  an ordinary safety wheel. The entire  door receipts last night (Friday) were  donated by the management of this  theatre to the widows and orphans of  the recent disaster at Cumberland, B.  C. Next week iRogetts and Beatrice  Hall will be the drawing card.  WIDB WOEIiD.  "Entertainmenits for charitable objects are sometimes necessary," sails  on exchange. "But what we.do.not  deem necessary Is .fitte spectacle of children on 'the stage. Their performances  may be pret!'j* aBd pleasing to foolish  parents, but they can be productive of  uo good to the little ones. It tends to  make them 'too precocious, vnln, and,  to use an- rugly word, too smart. We  have enough' of prematurely old people  without raising a new crop."  The Postmaster-general of Victoria,  Australia, gives some Particulars of  rive new cable contract not previously  known. The total co^t of making nnd  Installing the cable will be 59,728,133, of  ���which Great Britain and Canada are  to pay five-ninths, New Zetland one-  eighth, and New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria are to pay the re-  mnnder. The line Is to be ready for  use hy the end of July of next year.  The route is from Vancouver, British  Columbia, via 'Panning or Palmyra Island, lying south of Hawaii, to Fiji,  and thence to Norfolk Sound, with  branches to Auckland, New Zeaiund,  and Queensland.'  Next spring irt the latest work will be  commenced at the,large pulp mill and  Power house which will be erected on*  the site of the (Hull Lumber Company's  saw mill at the IChaudiere, destroyed in  the 'April fire. Plans are now- being  prepared. In a few days application  will be made for the,incorporation of  the new company, which' will be capitalized at $1,000,900. The following iprom-  1nent lumbermen are interested in the  new project; IVV. C. Edwai-ds, M. P.;  H. K. Egan, Hiram (Robinson, B. L.  'Blackburn, Gordon' 'Edwards and John  Cameron.  ���Mr. Bence Jones read a paper l>efore  the Statistical Society, (London, England, reiien'tiy, jn which he stated the  quan'tity of wine, beer and spirits  d'runk in the various countries. Among  the colonies he says Canada takes the  lead in temperance, and- that the temperance sentiment is fast growing. Mr.  Junes' words are: Of all countries Canada ihas the pre-eminence of being the  most "sober," indeed it may be doubted  if a more a'bstemious nation exists than  the Canadian.  -V Georgia, judge who tried to imitate  King Solomon in' deciding the ownership of a. six-months-old,' baby, was  nonplussed when, as, he .put the infant  on the table and announced' his indention of cutting it in halves wixh a big  butcher knife.the women cried, "Don't  do that; keep it yourself," and left'the  court hurriedly.     -  Herr Krupp, of (Essen, gave his employees as a new year's gift the sum  of .C75.000. This- generous gift h'asheen  apportioned 11s follows: Twenty-five  thousand pounds to the workmen's pension fund, .C2o,000 to build further  workmen's dwellings, and f*25,000'to the  clerks' and other employees' pension  fund. Gun manufacturing is evidently  n profitable industry these times.  The crops of the United States during 1900 were the greatest ever gathered.  andi filta the howse wllfli joy and light.  His face is a aiever-failing source of  gladneds to those T-fto love him, and  ���when be comes home there Is .& lead-  long race and scramble to eee wiho ehall  kiss father first. Such a greeting is a  full payment for all the toils and vexations of the day. Buch a father will  have a great Influence over his children. Carefully he gains "their confidence and securely he keeps it. lAs the  evening udvances .he holds them hy his  side and they love to be there. Make  your children happy. (Whatever cares  press, do mot neglect them. Convince  your children that you love them, and  you can easily lead them to yield *to  your 'Wishes."  The Favorite Smoke I-  -���^��*��  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  ELECTION RETURNS.  "The labor Candidate Defeated M Tmsdty-Ex'  Mayor Garden Re-elected.  Box & letter. Garden.   Macpherson  -'-U to Bra.  ii9   82  90  ���1���to Cor...   78  71  0���to Dew ..  ...v W  H)  C���to Far...   8-1  84   101  6S   70  S2   SIS  fit!  ll)-to Jon...    9*  ��1   SO  81   ��i  -1:1  18���tojfu    87  SI   73  s8   Ill  109  IIS    (11  55   97  tHi  19-to Sye...    S3  US  I'u-to Van..   11"  (IS  Ul���to Will..    90  79  22-tO Z     I.I  311  Spoiled   11.21  Mr. Garden's  majority, S21.  , Tl.  10.  160  172  149  187  168  169  Ml  104  159  164  119  108  IM  -*30  150  IIO  103  151  183  108  102  27  "So  ���*"*>-  Turner, Beeton ��* Co.  Wholesale Aaeota  VANCOUVER VICTORIA. NELSON, B. C.  P. 0. BOX 296. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & co.  Wholesale Ahe.nts fob  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS I  Brands:  MONOGRAM,"   ���      MARGUKRITA, BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUSTILLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Comer Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  SAiRCAStU.  "What a strange dispotism is that  which lealds people to say sarcastic  things, .for the mere pleasure .of saying-  them! Tou are never sate with ��uch a.  person. "vYhen you have dojie your best  to plase and are feeling very kindly  and-pleasantly'"out will pop"so"me~ un~  derhand stab which you alone can comprehend, a sneer, which Is masked, but  which is loo well-aimed' to be misunderstood, Tt may be at some little peculiarity of pei-son or speech, your  mental toiling, or .some Jit tie secret of  faith or habit confessed In a moment  of genuine confidence. It matters not  h��w sacred it unuy be to you, they will  have lhelr lling at _'_, and' since the  object Is "o make you Buffer and wince,  they are all the 'happier for having  wounded your heart. Ju��t half  a down words, only for, the  vicious pleasure of seeing your face  Hush and hands tremble, only spoken  becnustf they are; afruld you are too  happy, or too conceited. Vet they are  woi*a> than so many blows. How many  Bleeples.-. mights have such mean attacks caused tender-hearted1 people!  The first thing one remembers In the  morning is that cruel epeeCh uttered  thouR'h'Iesslyorimallclausly, that bright,  sharp, well-aimed needle of -a speech  that probed the very centre of your  heart!���The Weekly Bouquet.  PX/IXT'S BROMO GRIPPE CUKE,  never fails to completely cure a cold  wHIiin 24 hours. Gives instant relief���  guaranteed,' your'money taack. 25c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  MAKE 'I.HEIHOIME' ATTRACTIVE.  The.Weekly Bouquet of Boston prints  the  following oni the vital  subject of  making home attractive to the children:   "It is the duty of every- father  and  mother to make home attractive  to rheir children.  (Home influence amd  tiuinlff axe saving powers-Jet them be  quietly  thrown around'- the tWys aud  girls, and they will soon learn- -to love  the place where thtey spent so many  happy hours.  Keep the children lathe  houite after dark.  Make the pleasure  of home _so sweet that they win seek  no other.  Gather .them round the table  and  talk to them kindly, take an interest in  their studies,   answer   their  nues"tlons ���patiently, and provide .them  with plenty of good "fcookls, magazines  and papers.   "W'hiat ive need at this moment  is .more  home amusements and  ���home training; If fathers and mothers  would-only realise" this,"so_inany~youns  people wouldinot go a'dn-ay, as they are  now   doing.   Jt. is a sad-   truth, that  thousands of boys and girls are ruined  more   frequently iby  neglect at jhome,  than from any other cause. The father,  at work all day, comes home at night,  worn out and cross.   He thlnk.^he has  not tini(. to look after the habits of the  children,   are  feeds and' clothes them,  and sends them, 'to church and school.  Perhaps  he  occasionally  scolds  'th��_m  forf-  making  too much   noise,  and' his  wife also reprove* tht-m. driving them  ou't into  [lie corrupting  Influences of  the street.   After a time the boys _lnd  lhelr amusements <iway from home, on  the street corners, in  the pool rooms,  ut   the   the.urete.      So   matt,-ivs- go  on  quieUy. .until some day the community  is stnrtled by the announcement In the  newspapers  of   unexpectedi crime and  terrible disgrace.   The  parents  mean1!,  to do well hy their child, but unconsciously they effected  his ruin.     God  pity and; isoften- .the father whose children feaa- .him, and grow silent as his  foot, crosses tiie 'threshold, who shun  the room he darkens with his presence!  God bless the generous, good-natured  father,, who,  though weary after the  labor .ot the day, s'tiU forgets his cares,  UNirON CIGIAB PACTOMES.  Followdng Is a list of the Union cigar factories in British Oolumlblia wflio  use .the 'blue lalbel:  XV. Tietjen, No.   1���Divisibn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurltz & Co. No. 2���Division, No. 88.  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar   ik-ianuflaioturingi Company, No. 3���D-vUBIon No. 38, Kla*mloo(p6.  B. WIE-berg & Co., No. 4���OMviston No.  38, New Wegtnnta&ter.  T. ���Wto-n-Sfook, No. 6���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Xetoiwiiaj SWapeis' UnJon Company,  No. S���Division No. 38, Ke-to-wna.  (Wiriglht Bros, No. 9�����iviislon No. 38,  Rtisslamd.  Kootenay Oigar Manuifiaoturing Oom-  pfciny, Nlo. 10���DMision No. 38, Neseon.  ���Heirs & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, Victoria.  M.  Banitlleiy, No. 6-1DuvtfsJon No. 37,  Victoria.  'Islland Ctgair Flattery, S. Norman, No.  6-3>ivi-S-on NO. 37, VJdtorfa.  JToviinioe, Oigar Co.,  No. 7���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  A. SWhnoter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Victoria,  P. Gable, Kb. 9���Division No. 37, Nanalmo.  J. .Lary, No. 11���Divitslon No. 37, victoria.  IM. J. Booth, No. M-Olvtoion No. 37,  Nanaimo.  C. G. BeOuisen���DiviMon No. 97, Victoria.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.      {{JN&qEwtSr/  Tbe ������ Sine Quality " Shoe has bean a*��ni��i tho Gold Vcdal  th, hichent award at the Paria Expoiltion. All foedi ftamrad wiafc  ONION LABEL   Ba bum tbat " King Quality" ia branded on you aiwei, wUdi  moans perfectJ-atisfaetioD.  Made by THE J. O. KING CO.. Limited. Toronto.-^  Shoe Worker.-' union for the use of the  union stamp for a term of three years.  All differences that may arise during  this period are to be settled by arbitration, und in a short' time a new  scale of wages will go itno effect. All  the mule employees of this firm have  become members of the union, and  only a few of the female employees  have yet to be Initiated. A committee  has been at work during the past  month adjusting the minor details of  unionizing this large factory, the union  stamp now being placed on all the  .goods manufactured. Ask shoe dealers  for the -King make, for by doing so  you help along the cause of unionism.  : 1H INMEl  MARKET QUOTATION'S.  Vancouver, Feb.,2,1900.  [Corrected by Foran Bros.,grocers, S.'  Carrall street.]    -,  Flour���  Manitoba Hungflriun, sack,  50 lbs ,V.    f 1 33  Grain-  UNrbN^ARBBR SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  atreet.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie atreet.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley'a Barber 6hop, Cordova  street.  Boulder Barber shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The "Whlttler Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.   O. BBaCuticheon, ibailber ehop, Bander  Street.  Army and Navy (Oscar Heylandr.)���  Granville sti-ee:, under Trorey's.  J. H. Stevens, Mount 'Pleasant.  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs  1 75  Oats, ton  23 00  Bran, ton   Shorts, 1 ton   Feed-  Hay, ton  12 00  Sugar-  Sugar, Sack  5 73  Vegetables-  Potatoes, 100 lbs  100  Turnips, 100 lbs  65  Onions, lb   Cabbuge, lb  II  Celery, 12 bunebs  20  Farm Produce-  Eggs, doz. fresh  115  Eggs case, Manitoba, doz.. .   20  Butter, Crcamerv, prints.... 30  Butter, Creamery, in tubs lb 27  Butter, Dairy, prints  20  Butler, Dairy, in tubs, lb  22  Cheese, Outario, lb  15  Chocsc, Manitoba, lb.old... 15  Lnrd, lb  15  Lard&lb. pails  '5  Lard 5-lb. pails  70  Lard 10-lb. pails ��� 1 4.  Lard'J0-lb pails  2 "5  Fruit-  Apples, local, box   Oregon Apples, Box   Vernon Apples, bos   Oranges, doz   Lemons, doz   Japan Orauges, Box   Bananas, doz   75  2 00  175  20  10  .15  30  l$135  ) 175  MIX)  22 00  20 00  @   1100  145  "4  3  30  40  35  35  28  25  18  17  15  45  70  1 40  290  125  220  175  30  15  45  35  From Tbeir Nanaimo, Southfleld tad  Protection Island Collieries,  Steam, ���as  and  Blouse Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mine,  Washed Nut end  Screenings.  SAMUEL M. KOBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVAN8," Agents.  Vancouver City, B. C.  ave-  UN-JON' BAKERIES.  i\V. V. jSIuir, Mount Pleasant.  iW. Murray, Prior street.  Montreal ,1.,-ikcry,  'Westminster  nue.  <F. Adams, Scotch .Bakery, Hastings  street.  XV. D. Kent, M Cordova utreet.  .1. Oben, Hastings street.  ailnchen Co., Oranvllle street.  iltarnwcll Bros., Granville street.  'Largen & Tupper, Granville slreet.  [Corrected by Burrard Inlet Meat Company,  300 Cordova street west.  Meats-  Beef, lb   Mutton, lb   Veal, lb   Pork,lb   Ham, lb   Bacon, lb   7  7  S  10  16  20  15  18  18  15  18  20  yVy;yPA��S'I,F!C;;:'  and  $00  PACIfflC  LINE  World's  Scenic  To cure la grippe inside of 48 hours  take FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE  CURE. Guaranteed. 25c. box at Mc-  Dowel], Aiklns, Watson Co.  THiH IKING SHOE FACTORY.  The largest shoe factory in Canada  is probably that of the J. D. King Co.,  Limited, Toronto, and it should be a  matter of congratulation to Trade  Unlonlets that this company has entered into a contract with the Boot and  Workifigmen's  All Wool Tweed Pants���mode specially to stand rough usage���made  by people who have shown a whole  lot ol "savvey" in the making of  workmen's clothes.  Tlie Punts are in  many patternsi  look all right and will wear like  Iron.  Prices $1.23, SI.SO, SI.75, $2.00.  Johnston,  Kerfoot ��* ���6.  Vancouver' Big Clothiers,' Hatters and .Men's Furnishers.  104 and 106 COBNVA STREET-  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TEAIN  CEOSSING THE CONTINENT.  sal lino ros Jar an ask china.  Empress o( China February 25th  Empress of India March 25th  Empress ol Japan April J5th.-  and everyfour weeks thereafter.  >. 11  BAILINS FOB HOSOLDLC _kND AUSTRALIA.  Warrimoo March 8th  Miowera April 5th,  Aorangi May8n_,  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to  E. J.COYLE,  ��� A. G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SCLATEE,  Ticket Agent,  42S Hastings St,  Vancouver, B. C  Hie Intcriiatioiial  Correspondence School.  (Not Limited.)         The largest and most progressive institution of Learning in the world. ���  Free Books, free Instruments, easy terms.  Learn the technical part of vour trade. You  can earn more with your coat on. Don't be  mulclng all your days for small daily wages.  Nothing in It but a poor liring at best.  VANCOUVER AGENCY, 301 Hastings St.  Bon 319.  0(_e�� evenings 7 to 9.  Black    Lang-  SHANG   Pullets  and Cockerels.  Stock took First Priio at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  Price $2 upwards.  IJJ- $1.50 Iter IS.  Br��.cX��cnt   W. D. Jonbs  W. A. McDo.vald  H. W. Robinson  Telephone 651.  Western Cartage Co  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all Purposes.  aRDEff&.TAKEN fOK WOOD AND COAL  Office: 314 Ctabie Street. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURfDAT  .TTHBR-JAIRT 23, 1901  DRIFTWOOD.  Ruilt and run by Lue Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  KditoriuL room Wherever my rent is paid.  [Pieces washed up by tho tide, boomed, sawed,  split and pilvd for ihe perusal und pah lime of  paid-up AUbsuriUer-., hi.io lor I huso who bug,  borrow aud "steal The Independent iu order  that they may t-njuy h little sunshine as they  journey through tins vale of tear**.!  Down, but comfortable���feathers.  Asfgupniutetti' oath���Hung it.  Kuguged for thu next set���Hens.  How to manage u wile*��� Ueuauin single.  Should the natives join in tho Transvaal war  it will be a sketch in black and white.  Many a tin horn gambler, should havo been u  preacher, and many a tin horn preacher should  have boon a gambler.  -Grippe germs in telephone receivers are not  iu any sense a menace to those people who  talk through their hut6.  The Emerson, (Man.,) Journal has a para.  Graph er who known a good thing when he sees  it. We judge this from tho amount of stuff ho  liftH bodily from "Driftwood" and uses without  giving proper crodit.  For quoting the commandme it, "Thou shall  not steal,V and Mending it to hor sister on a  postal card, Mrs Addio Shafer of Bridgeport, in  Connecticut, has been arrested and held under  it bond of %'6W.     p  graph and dcctectivcs you can't do it, and you  are a weak-minded person if you try it. .  The man who borrows n stamp, envelope and  sheet of paper from you would likely auk you  to write the letter, but is afraid you might kick  on being asked to address it and mail it for him  Mrs. Nation.  The reason Mrs. Nation carry* a hatvhet with  her is because she doesn't want the mirror lu  the "joint" shu -smashes to cast auy rellection  upon her. We ure sure, after seeing Mrs. Na  lion's photo in the newspaper that could the  mirror have it.-s way it Would disdain to reflect  her imago in any shage.  The Choir Was Wrong.  An elderly minister in Texas was In ihe habit  of giving out two lines of a hymn at a time for  the choir to slug.   One dark, raiug Sabbath he  could not see the words, ami said:  ���'My eyes are dim, 1 cannot see,  I left my specks at home,"  The choir, supposing this  to be the hymn,  struck up the tune of common metre.  Tho old fellow���highly incensod���bawled out:  "My stars, my stars, this is no hymn,  I only said my eyes were dim."  The choir  thereupon sang these two lines,  and the old fellow said:  " I think the choir, have nerve and gall  ���:..     That was no hymn to sing at all.  Wo feel kindly towards tbe Chicago, woman  who is seeking a divorce, from hor husband  ���whose name is Corpse. A woman should not  be condemned for objecting to being tied to a  Corpse.  If England is wise it will send the newspaper  editors to fight the Boers. There are a score of  passes to be taken among the mountains of the  Free State and Transvaal.  For Men Only.  *pu9q loq no pums 01 p-su. ons jj  '.���AOqbmos ij in ao3 p(oqs avouh oj\  ��� '.pTt3i^p-Boai�� 9,ans uwod siqx  *Jt_nOp V 10 SJUOO UO} JOflUM. U.O.W. 'iVOM  ���iioqa v jo 3tq WK>t oqj sjo9 oqa jr  'Aou��au ino -ij putf U.oqa iaq noX ma  'avouh oi iqSno oqs SujqjDmos s4ir  'uuuiom 13 saujoM Suiqj^u-B Bt0J0q) ji  If the man with the hoe would run into the  woman with tho hatchet, there would bo  enough reading matter for the Worldand Journal of New York for a Sunday issue.  A man is like unto a deck of cards. He starts  out at night feeling like a king, aud in the  morning wakes up feeling like the deuce.  When a married man has been out a portion  of the night enjoying himself in the company  of other women, he is sure to spring the excuso  that he was detained at the lodge. The lodge  covers a multitude of sins.  y There are plenty of women in Vancouver who  think that there is nothing good enough for  them at our dry goods, shoe, aiid other houses.  As a general thing, thev belong to the codfish  aristocracy, people whom a little money bus  made fools of.       A ���  Whenever a young lady or young man becomes ashamed of their mother because she is  old-fashioned   in, her ways and sayings, it is  . time for them to get off the earth.  I have known a man to go into a leading  Tostaurant, and order a "half-dozen eastern  oysters on the half-shell," while his wife was  home eating the scraps left over from breakfast.   :.v:v  " Tho evening wore on," so the poet wrote,  But he somehow neglected to say  What the evening on that occasion wore,  But perhaps 'twas the clo?e of day.  The "Ha'ntod" Catafalque.  Undertaker William J. MeDi-.be of Nc*" Brunswick, N. J., has purchased an automobile catafalque. The structure, being placed at tho  foot of the aisle in a church, receives the coflln  and then proceeds toward the alter by its own  motivo power. It was invented because the  aisle of most churches are so narrow, that the  pall-bearers havo difllculty in carrying the  coffin through them without falling over their  own feet. Undertaker McDebe's1 first experiment with his autombilo catafalque wa,s somewhat discouraging. lie introduced it at the  funeral of a Catholic iu Mctuchen, N.J., and  when the bearers saw the machine running  away with the corpse, as they thought, they  tied from the church in alarm, followed by  overybody in the house except tho priest. The  undertaker had some difficulty in inducing the  congregation to return to the presence of tho  "ha'ntod? catafalque.  no distinct knowledge of his oondition. 1 hope  I make myself clear. Wheu $ man is drunk his  condition is such that he has no means of  kuowing that he is drunk. The proposition  seemed to interest the sergeant, who asked mo  whether 1 considered a man was drunk when  be staggored about the street. 1 admitted that  the man's legs might be under influence, and  fail htm, but ut the same time���and cases of  the kind are frequent���his brain might be  moderately clear and ��� his speech rational.  l'runk iu the lugs he undoubtedly was, but you  can't judge a man by his legs. A man cant  live without legs, and if the lowerlimba chance  to be a trille weaker than the rest of the  organism, it -seems a trille harsh that the whole  man is to be charged with drunkenness. My  friend tho sergeant said it was the law, mull  left with the suggestion lhat you shouldn't  judge u mail by his manger. The discussion  somehow did not seem to make any clearer the  definition.  ��� Ll'B Ykiisos.  Too Often.  Too often it is that when young people discover that they lovo each other they plunge  into marriage regardless of consequauce. They  imagine that they can live on kisses and " dein  goo-goo," eyes when then can't. It takes potatoes and steak after marriage quite as much as,  if not more than before. .They dive into "love  in a cottage" with only one month's rent in  hand, without two thoughts about gas bills  jlcual, clothing^ carfare and other necessities,  .without which Cupid soon frizzles up liken  dried' apple in the corner of a rail fence. They  think that if they only have each other everything will he all right, and in they go into  marriage, heels over head, with littlo save  their marriage fee and 200 horse-power confidence in unadorned, improvident affection.  Some women every time their nose itches,  say they are going to kfss a fool. The fool,  whoever he may be, has my deepest sympathies  if some women I know tackle him.      \  The owner of a -"fish-boat" in Vancouver  hired a labojrer to assist in unloading his sloop  with fish. "-"As the boat to was about "cast-off"  hor line, the laborer who was jingling the  price of the work in his pocket, cried out as tho  boat swung into the stream: "Captain, I lost  your 'pole' overboard, but I cut a big sliver  ont of the deck right at the spot where it went  down, so you'll find it when you'eorac back."  �����    Life is real, life is earnest,  And the duat is suro to come;  To all those who sell themselves  .  For the usual goodly sum.  .'.���:-'��� Bo Right.        . '  Afriendof mine said  the other day: "In  politics a man  cannot afford to desert one  party for another.   No man ever made such a  , course pay in the end."   As I have said in this  ' column before, I am uo politician. Don't want  to be one. But I say this: If a man  is a. professional politicisn in search of  oflice, that my friends assertion is true enough.  ~Butif thepolitieianis an honest- man who has  the best interests of his country at heart and  his party platform make prominent principles  he cannot conscientiously endorse he does the  correct thing if he severs his connection with  it and throws his inlluence on the side he believes iB right. A man who has no mind of his  own and only sticks by any organization for the  sake of getting an oflice is no man at all. If  you have an opinion say it, and stick to it,  whether your party wins or Iosch. 1 would  rather be a crow und be right, than to bu a  nightingale and be wrong.  If you arc an American be onc.: If you are a  British or Canadian, be one. If you are a liar*  be * good one. If you are a thief, blackleg and  xcoundrel, be one. Don't try to deceive all the  time.  In these dav.sof X-rays, telephones tele*  .,��� '"' Moral Age.  The number of ministers who are deserting  their creeds and declaring for what is termed  higher criticism of the bible is sutlicicntly  large to excite, if not alarm.among tho  churches, at least.enough to attract considerable attention. Perhaps a.great deal more  attention than the general public considers it  to be worth. It matters little to the public  what men do with their creeds or how frequently or rapidly they change them as long as  the greut moral principles involved are conserved and. the help of the church to an upward growth of humanity is given, as it always  will be. This is strictly a moral age. Whatever may have been lost in spirituality, often a  term misapplied to superstition, is beinggained  in morality. -The theory of universal brother-,  hood and eternal fatherhood is not being, lost  sight _,of nnd that is the solid rock for practical  purposes. Humanity has been left to tho solution of its destiny, nnd supplied, as it is, with  the materials most essential to.. 11 successful  result, there is not any reason to believe that it  will. fall.. That solution will best be  achieved by making the most or opportunities.  The drift of humanity .is away from the abstract to the concrete and the church is facing  the necessity of going along or being left behind.    '  The Discerning Policeman.  The principal item in the education aud training of a policeman is docermnent, and the chief  use to which that faculty is directed is in discriminating between the ordinary; tipsy person  and the full inebriate. In other words, the  business of a policeman is to tell when a man  is drunk. We have Hon the authority of a  police judge in the United States," that no one  knows better than a policeman when a person  is drunk, because it is.his business to. know���  which perhaps accounts why the evidence of  one policemau on this, delicate point is taken  as more conclusive than the testimony of two  ordinary civilians. He is a kind of export.in  that line is the policeman���-a specialist in that  branch of crime, and, such is his power of discernment and acquaintance with the symp-  totu's^that frequently��� he can tell-when a-man-  is drunk even when the man himself is unaware  of tho circumstance. It was this knowledge of his  power orer the account which induced me one  day in a Southern city in the United States to  seek information from a sergeant in the force  on that most obstruce of nil problems���wheu is  a man drunk? To the lay mind the difficulties which the question presents are insurmountable, but to the trained official the question and the answer are simplicity personified.  The olllcer, by way of illustration, pointed out  that there were at that moment four of 'em  inside���all drunk, who knew they were drunk  and-admitted It. I meekly suggested that  when av man was drunk and kuew he was  drunk, he wasn't drunk, for the simple reason  that when aman is drunk his train and Intel,  lect are so ctowded and paralysed that helms  A Labor Classic.  TIii!-"   justly    colubruttHl     Uriok-yard  Drama,   Versomo:   A suciioHsful father  aged fifty and an enquiring son u^ed six.  What place is this, pa ?  This, my child, in n brickyard.  Whose brick-yard is it, pa ?  It'belongs to ine, my child.  :.'Do those big piles of brick belong to  yon, pa V  Yen, my son.  Do those dirty men belong to you, too,  pa ?  No, my child, there i.s no more slavery  in this country; those are free men.  What makes them work so hard, pa ?  They are working for a living, my son.  Why do they work for a living, pa?  Heeause they are poor, and obliged to  work, my child.  How is it that they are poor when  they have to work so hard?  I don't know my child.  Don't somebody steal from them what  they earn ?  No, my child.   What makes you ask  such ridiculous questions. ?  I thought some of that dirty clay got  into their eyes and blinded them.    Hut  pa,  don't  the bricks   belong' to'them  after they have made them ?  No, my child, they belong to me.  What are the bricks made 01, pa ?  Clay, my son.  What!   That dirt I see down there ?  Yes,  my child,   nothing  else.   Who  does the dirt belong to?  It belongs to me, my son.  Did you make the dirt, pa ?   No my  child, God made it.  ���Did ho make it for you especially, pa ?  No,'my child, I bought it.  Bought it of God ?  No, I bought, it like I buy anything  else.  o  Did tlie limn you Ixmght'it. of buy it  from Goil ?  I don't know, mycliikl; nsk me something easy.  Anyway it's a good thing you've got  the land, isn't it, pu'V  Why, my son'.'  Because you'd huve.to make bricks for  :i living like those horrid men. Sliall I  havo to -work for u living when I'm a  man'.'  No, my son; I'll leave you the hind  when I die.  Don't people turn into clay whon they  are dead pa V  What remain!1 of them is clay, my son.  When are you going to die, pa ?  I don't know, 'my son. Wnv do you  ask?  Nothing, only 1 was thinking what a  hard old brick your clay would make.  ,1. J. Martin.  for. The city plant at Marshall ia run  by water.  At Threo Lakes, Mich., tho city owns  the plant and charges 35 cents for the  same service.  Under private ownership Sacramento,  Cal., population 35,000, pays $123 per  annum for each screet arc. Water  power is used.  Under public ownership Topeka, Kan.,  population :.2,000, pays ifoil.io for" the  same service, which includes 5 per cent,  for interest aud depreciation charges.  Coal **2 per ton.  Under private ownership I'ulton.N. Y.,  population 5,0<)0, pays $(i0 per annum  rent for street arcs. Water power is  used.'   The price is too high because���  Under public ownership Niles, Mich.,  population ,"i,000, pays ifffi.'S for tho  same service, which includes 5 per cent,  for interest and depreciation of plant.  Water is the power used.  Union Men.  Make sure that your Overalls and  Smocks bear o.i them the Union Label  Stamp. N<> others are genuine. Sold by  Donaldson & Mathews, the Clothiers,  Hatters &c, 74 Cordova St.  Ked  Cross   Deer  is   pure, light nnd  $ T_k_n_ PAM��^BA  B  ^B^~-  _ra_.____.x_-_ ������  Party ���  sparkling.    At (.'old  7li> Pender street.  Seal  Liquor Co.  the Socialist Vote.  The totnl socialist rote ot the world is given  os 7,000,000. A. fair Idea ot the: growtt. of Social-  im fn different countries may be gleaned from  the following table:  UNITED STATES.  1890..;..'.......... 1S.70I   ISi'S..  34.869  1891.....  1C,5S2   189fi ..20,275  lSie ". ....21,.111!   1897....;...'.:...... 55,550  1893 V. ���J"),��in   189S 91,7-10  1S9I ......80,020   1900...  128,000  (IEKMANY.  1807......  SO.OOO   18S1 599,999  1871  101,927 ��� 1887.;..���.;....;...763,128  1871 .351,070   1890.;....'..'.... 1,427,298  1877.............. '180,8-W   189:;. '.'. .1.780,738  1S7S.............. 'l37,li')S   1898 ...2,125,000  ..... -rS!,VtS   1898...  AUSTRIA.  ...'���:���.'.. 90,000   1S97...  UEMaVM.   .  ...... 381,600   1897...  1IEKMAKK..  ......      315   1892...'   8,108   1895...\  ....'.. 17,232   1898...  FRANCE.   .30,000.  1893.?.,  ....... 91,000. 1898?..  GREAT BRITAIN.  isy.*>................"i5,000   ISM.."..  iTAi.y.  1893 '...'.... 20,000   1897....  SI'AIN.  1893........'..'......!.. 7,000   1897. ?......;..... .2S,Utt)  **"' SWITZERLAND.  1SU0............... 13,300   369fi..............."Sii.lSC  1895..  1891..  1S72..  1S87..  1890..  1883..'  18S8.'.  ....750,000  ....531,324  .....20,098   25,019  .....32,000  /���. 500,000  ..1,117,000  ....100,000  ...134,490  holds the balance of power when it comes to a ��  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the ^  subject we are most interested in.   We Want  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity  of showing the good points of McClary's   J*  EPamous Range.   It is tiie best and the terms  are easy.  12�� Ilastinos St.  ��> 24 Cordova St.  McLennan,  McPecly & Co*  ���WlBOIiBSA'L.B AND  RETlA.I__i  DEALERS   IN  Motmr Har(Jware  MAIL ORDERS RE CEIVB PROMPT A"ra___N*riON.  Red Cross is the purest and hest beer  sold in Vancouver. Gold Seal Liquor  Co., 740 render street.  Money to Loan.  If you are going to buy or miild a  home and want some financial assistance  call and get the terms . of the British  Columbia 1'ermancnt Loan and Savings  Company, Mnckinnon Building, corner  of Granville and Hastings. This is the  workingman's Company and the only  Conipany; of this kind with its Head  Oflice in Britisli Columbia.  I The Price Mark.  Speaks louder than we can on the subject  Good Silver Plate Teaspoons .$2.00 per dozen  Good Silver.Plate Dessert Spoons  3.50 per dozen  Good Silver Plate Table Spoons 4.00 per dozen  Good Silver Plate Dessert Forks.......... i!.50 per dozen  Good Silver Plato Table Forks 4.00 per dozen  Pay our Bargain Baaoment a visit.   We have all kinds  of Kitchen goods in it.'  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  Cuiha Hall, 319 HiaTMSs Srnirr.  THE PLAN  Adopted by Other Cities in Regards to Public  Ownership.  Under private ownership Danville  III.' population 1(1,000, pays ifSO annual  for-street-aro_lanips.__--Co:_t_nf_coa___pi!r  ton, (iOe.  Under public ownership Hannibal,  Mo., population lli,000, pays, yearly  $40.71) for each street arc lamp, which  also includes 7,)^ per cent, for interest  and depreciation of plant. Coal $1.40  per ton.  Under private ownership of electric  light lOliniru, Ohio, population 10,000,  pavs $75 per vear street arc. Coal per  ton. $1.40.  Under city ownership Columbus, Ind.,  population; 10,000, pays $5!).4L�� for the  same service, including 5 per cent interest and depreciation expense. Goal pwr  ton, 11.01).'  The citizens of Greenville, Mich., believe in the private ownership idea, and  pay $1 per month for each incandescent  light they use. The company utilize  the water power.  The electric lighting-plant at Muskegon, Mich., is owned by a corporation,  which charges $1 per month for incandescent light.  People living in Marshall, Mich., practice municipal ownership, and they pay  the municipality 38 cents for the same  servico that Greenville citizens pay $1  ���'.��� ..FOR' TIKE '0JETTER.CAIKRTERS.  . The '.letter-carriers of  the city have  sent to (Postmaster-General Mulock the  following 'petition ' for - an  Increase  of  the present salary scale:  '���"'? -Vancouver, 'British Columbia,   .  Yv ';:'      . ���'"��������� YFebruary lath, 1301.,  The .Honorable'.William"-'Mulock, EH.. M.  . 'Pos'.master-.Clenei'al,   Ottawa.    :  ��� Sir':' IWe, the letter carriers of the  citjv of Vancouver. iB. C. respectfully  'beg leave to request that the present  scale now paid us be considered and  revised. .    ���,��. ?     :" ;..',���:  Thnt owing to the continued prosperity of the Dominion during the past  six years the cost of living has very-  much increased, nnd Wages-In all other  branches of labor have advanced, accordingly. '.... ._ .        .; , |  . "We submit, from experience, that the  increased cost of rents, clothing. and  provisions; generally, have absorbed all  oiir earnings, thereby adding largely  to the difficulty of maintaining, ourselves and families with any degree of  respectability.  (We, respectfully, call your attention  to the Wide difference between -the payor letter carriers and that of. other pub-  *lc employees In this city, while the duties performed by us are much more  onerous and exacting, and ma__e much  greater demands, upon our intelligence,  TffdnliTjrnln^Til^fiSr^  that of civic employees generally.  Wo also submit that we are the only  class of public servants debarred from  participating ln the '"growing time,"  and we therefore ask that twenty per  cent, be added to present salaries so as  to enable us to live with some degree  of domestic comfort.  Therefore, your petitioners pray that  you 'may be pleased to take early steps  towards the granting of this, our reasonable reiiuest. ....  KELLY, DOUGLAS ���� CO.  WHOLESALE GROCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  [R^f Headquarters for  Domestic and im-  jjorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  Of Removal  The imperial  Bakery   -   -  LATH   OK  STS.  P'.fKAU. '.AND HASTINGS  VIVK   HBHOVEO TO  56 CORDOVA ST.  Where it has opened first-class Tea  and Coffee Rooms in connection with  tho Bakery/ The public are requested  to give the firm a trial.  Courteous  treatment of. our patrons  and the best of goods is our motto.  KENT ��> TIMMS.  Watches  Wo are offering Watches  at bottom prices.  1IC CORDOVA Sl'REET.  New Zealand led the way in the matter of old age pensions, but New South  'Wales follows Iwirtl on the stops of  New Zealand; while Victoria follows  a little more timidly. ISIr William  Lyne's scheme Is at least bold in scale.  He will give a pension of lfts. a week  where iNew 'Zealand only gives 7s.,  and is prepared to reduce the age line  to 60'vears.  PLiTNT'S 11ROMO GRIPPE CORE,  nevek- falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Glvew instant relief���  g-uarantleed, your money lx_ck. 25c.  box ot McDowell, Atlkins, "Wataon Co.  Wanted to Rent  3 Houses in West End  6 Houses in East End  MACFARLANE, ROOME & CO.  Reat Estate and Insurance Agents.  442   Westminster Avenue  the finest line' of Ga-  n'ong Bros., Battger ���&���  Co., London, and Stewart tfe Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and f)0c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  500 Westminster Arenue.  IBB!  1II  IS  We nre prepared to supply  all your wants. Kvery purchaser shall get full value  for their money. Make out  your list and come to���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and1  "14 Arcade .  :   GEO. HAY  Vancouver's   Pioneer : Clothes  Renovator, makes u suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  21G Cambie St., Vakcocvxr.  Kardie ^-Thompson;  Marine and General ��=*.  Consulting Mcehanieal Engineer-.  520 C0RD07A ST. W., VaNCCUVER, B. C.   TEL. 70  Patcutco- and dOHigncrs of the llardie-  Tliompson water tube boiler, new high  speed reversing uuxines, and npeclal  machinery lu light sectiona _or|mlne_.   ..  I'ROPKU.ERS DEJIONKD.    EN0IN1-_ INDICATED AND '  Adjusted.     ,  Sole agents in B. C. and N. W. Territories fo  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd.  London, Kng.  ROOMS TO LET  with or without board.   Apply at 573 Hornby street.  Mrs. D. Waite.  COR. SBYMOOR AMD CORDOVA STS  (nearC.P K. Station.)  Fine old Knellsh Ale, Stout and Beer;  best old Scotch and Irish whisky; domestic and'Imported   Clgart.  Kvorj--  thlng up to the handle.

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