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The Independent May 5, 1900

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Array R G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, Clilnit, Gliu.swnro, Fancy  (idoils, Plated Ware, Limp  Goods. Cutlery and  Supplies.  406408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S '"ffiSv���  Coffee Knitsters nnd (Jrintloib.  Tn pel  h -ill!'  ��f (U'lifitiiift  mourn tie.  fcftVe, it hlii'Uid i-u fn>h  HKi-tnl jiml  ground n> niTileil.   Try I'Ic-Jimmi's 11k.it.  33 Hastings St East,  Abilitv. 'I'liune twi. Muck.'..  V0L..1.  VANCOUV'EU,.]J. 0., SATURDAY, MAY Z, 1900.  XO. 0.  .mm Mi) i��K council  The Meeting Adopts Its Platform of  Princip'es.  Some Important   Communications Dealt wilh-  Moru Unions Organized���New  Delegates.  fU'hen President Dixon called the  meeting oC the Trades and Labor Council to order last night there was a large  attendance ot delegates. Secretary  "Marshall was at his post as usual.  , After tlie minutes, were rend and approved, Hie following credentials were  received and the new-comers seated:  Local GS A. M. C. and 13. W. of.N. A.,  3>\ Hoichenbaeh and R. Oortel; B. C.  Fishermen's Protective Union, W; .Willing; Bricklayers' and Stone Masons'  Union, William Barker; /Journeymen  Bakers and Confectioners, C. W.  Knight;'Clerks' Union, P. A. Meagher.  '��� The following  COMMUNICATIONS  were read by the Secretary:  iFroni G. Weston Wrigley, calling-the  attention of the Council to ; the fact  that the firm of Aherns &, Company,  shoe manufacturers, has been unionised, and that they .ire eoiiside.-ing the  adoption of the Union Label.  From. the Toronto Trades and Labr.r  Council, us; follows:  ,  '..-;. Toronto, April 13th, 1900.  ' .T.'. C. :Mnrshall,   Secretary-  Vancouver  Trades and Labor Couheil:    !  _..,.:.'  ',:���!   Deur.SIr':" ,In  obedience  to  instructions,   besides  being a great  pleasure,  to ourselves personally, .we beg respectfully, to say, In transmittal,' that at the.  .regular semi-monthly  meeting of!; the  Toronto   Trades'   anil, Labor"   Council,  ; "hold,last evening, after the acceptance  of,the  resignation  of  Delegate  D.  J.  O'Donoghue as Secretary of the Legislative   Committee   of   the-Council���an  office: he  has  held  during the  lastlS  years���the  following  ! resolution    was  -unanimously concurred in by a standing vote, viz:;.   ,-; ..    -'���'���-���' .'���'������ !  :-,--, Moved by Delegate Robert Giockling,  Jsecondeu* by Delegate'David A. Carey:  .    That,. Inasmuch as :a Toronto Trades  .; and Labor Council .slearns with .; the  greatest possible satisfaction  that", the-  Dominion  Government; has  given  tin-  quesliohable'-evldencefof ;its;';lnten'tion  of giving Immediate and* practical ef-  .-feet   to.: the :ternisXand;Mritent  of /the  :  resolution'.lntroduced'.'.at .the' present  '���: session! of, the ; House of: Commons.by  ." the Hon. Wiillam/Mulock, Acting Minister of PubllcWorks, by. the appoint-  : ment of a special e-^'icer for its enforcement, and''��� which.'rejyutioh'-'Is as  follows*:;.;!.;; ��������� -.         -:.- ��� .".  .."ThatXit be.resolved that all Goverri-  rSneiiLji.eontracts; should :��� contain;;; sucli.  conditions as will prevent abuses which  . jnay arise from the sub-letting of such  contracts, and that.every effort should  ' 'be made to secure the payment of such  ���wages  as   are. generally   accepted   as  ��� current   in/each"   district:,   where   the.  work is carried out, and that'this House  cordially concurs  in  such   policy,  and  deems. It the duty of the Government  to take Immediate steps to give effect  thereto; it is 'hereby declared ,'th'a-t- the  work   to-which   the; foregoing  policy  shail apply includes, not only work: undertaken by the Government itself but  ���also all  works aided by grant of Dominion iitibllc funds."  Be it.'therefore resolved, that this  Trades and Labor Council is of the  opinion that, the selection, of our respected fellow-delegate, Mr. D. J. O'-  "Dbiiogliuc, as such special officer by the  "Federal Government is/further evidence  of the Government's sincerity to have  .the "resolution"-strictly enforced, and  that the appointment meets with . the  '���"hearty:approval of organised labor, not  only. In:-Toronto, but throughout. all  Canada. '���'���.���,' "  ���.-..'.: "Be it further, resolved, that this Toronto Trades and Labor Council has  , ^unbounded confidence In .the honesty,  .integrity and good judgment of'- our  ���-confrere; and brother, Delegate D. J.  O'Donoghue,-where the interests of the  ���ivage-workers_are���concerned.stas^welli  : as in every other sphere of; life, and  while regretting that his new duties  will, to a great extent, deprive this  Council of his keen, subtle judgment  ���and invaluable service In its work, we  lliavo pleasure in the knowledge that  4n his new field of action opportunities  will be opened to him .that'will, In some  -measure at least,'compensate us for  tlio loss of his immediate service and  usefulness to our Council.  Resolved also, that It be and Is here-  *by an Instruction to our Secretary to  prepare and forward to Delegate O'-  "Donoghue a credential with son 1 of.our  Council and signatures of the '��� President- and Secretary-thereon,' setting  ���forth tlie esteem and confidence that  3io Is held In liy this Council by reason  ���of his unswerving zeal In the interests  at working people during the many  years of his connection with us here  In Toronto, (since 1SS0), as well ns previously In the City of Ottawa, and Hint  wo do henrllly recommend' him to the  ���friendship and full'-'confidence of all  organised liubor bodies with which.'he'  ���may enme In contact.  Ordered, that a copy of the foregoing  resolution,: properly signed and sen led,  be forwarded to the Right Honorable  Kir Wilfrid Laurier. Premier of Can-  Ntda; to Hon. William 'Mulock, Acting  Minister of Public Works for Canada,  and to the.'city press for publication.  WtfLLTAM HENDERSON,:. .���..-.  President 'Toronto Trades  and  Labor  ��� Council.       ,     ';:������:"'-  '.'��� ���:���:     : '���"-.' *:'; ";  ���:'������,,'.        ,"'   .���'.-     "-"-;;C.':."WHEAT,  .-'?'  -''':.;'���:���'���'::.-,!. :.. Secretary.  . iReceivedrand flled.;:; v., ,!.; - ��� .,:;..!:..���,.  :,-��� From Hon. "William Mulock, Acting  Minister of Public Works, acknowledging receipt ot resolution re fair wages  resolution recently passed by Parliament and expressing appreciation for  the endorsement contained therein.  From Robert R. Kerr, Grand Secretary-Treasurer International Brotherhood of "Blacksmiths, thanking the  Council for Its efforts towards organising a local union In Vancouver.  REPORTS.  A report v.is received from the Committee appointed lo adjust the differences between the Quarrynien und  Stonecutters' Union. Several recommendations were made and received  the approval of the Council.  Mr. J. H. AYatson, Chairman of the  Organisation Committee, reported that  the Blacksmiths Unlori hod received its  charter, and officers hail been elected.  He also stated, tlie shingle weavers  were about to form a union.  The     Secretary-Treasurer     reported  that arrangements had been made to  meet immediate obligations in connection with labor Hall. ,,  AN   UNPLEASANT   CASE.  The following communication was received' from the Plumbers' Union:  J. C. Marshall, Esq., Secretary Trades  and Labor Council:  Dear Sir and Brother,���We,,as delegates from the Plumbers, Gas & Steam  Fitters'   Union,   Local,   No.   170,   have  been  authorized   to  write  you  In  regard to a grievance: we have with T.  "Marshall's shop, he being the only Master plumber who ���employs "scab" labor  In  town.     We, have  tried every way  possible, to   bring   him   into   line,   but  have failed.     We  therefore call  upon  you to see if there is any way possible  that: your  Council  could  help us out.  He emphatically states that he will not  hire   Union   men,   ami   seems   to   sat  "scabs,'.'/how,   we arc-unable"to ".tell.  We decided to bring this, matter before  this'Council and profit by the combined skill of all locals represented here!  Trusting you will give'this your immediate attention, etc..  ��� A number of delegates; spoke very  strongly on the letter and there seemed to'be an earnest desire on the part  of all present to wage an energetic  war against Mr. Marshall.. . It was  urged that the building trades .-.declare  a boycott on all buildings In which this  'firm..is working. : A Committee of one  from each of the building trades was  appointed.to take the matter,In hand.  It. was further announced that the  Plumbing By-law-had;.been a.; dead  letter for, the'past year, and that there  were plumbers! working: in, the, City  without !!;the - certilicate";required~'by:  law.-,:V:-'!;.'--;-,!'-!;.':;:-^ '-:."! ���'';'-,.-  .'������ The delegates '-from!the Fishermen's  Union pi-esented a protest against the  action'.of-. Mr. -Devlin, Indian Agent,' in  standing In the way of Indians joining  the Union.     -'.';;���'������,���.,: ���������������'������''":  It \vas moved> and carried that;the  Secretary, communicate with the Minister of the Interior, in reference to the  matter. .," ��� '���;,.= .  ��� THE .CANDIDATE QUESTION.   -  On April*lrd, the following questions  were submitted to Uic,various,"unions:  , 1. Does your Union think it advisa-.  ble to run straight independent .labor  candidates at the! approaching Provincial .'.election?..���" If,so, how many, one,  two, three'or four? ';.,  2. 'How niuch is your Union prepared  to subscribeto run such "candidates?  11. : Htis' your Union, any suitable nomination to, liresent to the Council? If  so, iplease, give names.  ,: At the ''meeting last night ten unions  reported by letter and four verbally.  On motion, the Secretary was instructed to write the' different unions that  have not reported and urge.upon them  the necessity of replying to the foregoing questions Immediately.  THE ,PLATFORM.  . The ParliaiiientaryiCominittee recommended the adoption.of the following  clauses to.be the platform of-the.Vancouver Trades and.Labor Council:  .1. That '������upon a petition being presented to the Government asking for  tho repeal -of the exUsing-'Law' or the  enacting of a new law, the Government  shall be compelled to take a plebiscite  and repeal or enact as the majority  ^'OtinB"iiifi.V"deeider=The-petitibn~to-he:  signed by ��i .number equal to 10 per  cciit. of the vote cast at the previous  election.  2;' That eight hours shall constitute  a day's.work.  3. That, the contract system on all  public works be abolished and n minimum-wage based on local conditions  be paid.'!, . . ,  ���I. That no'moro public land be alienated by deed or Crown grant to corporations or Individuals, but that It bo  leased In perpetuity subject, only to a  fair rental value.  .��..- That all'tuxes on industry nnd tho  products of industry be gradually nb-  ollshcd, nml the revenue of the municipal and Provincial governments be  derived by a tax on land values.  G. Free compulsory education; free  educational materials, and free maintenance when necessary.  7. Government Inspection of all industries. ���.'���',  S. Public ownership of all franchises, such as railways, telegruphs,  telephones ���n.iul all industries that partake of the nature of a monopoly.  0. The Unlori Label on all. manufactured goods supplied the Government,  where practicable...       ,  10. Abolition.v'of property flimllflca-  tion for all public qlllces, and no money  deposit to be reqult-ed Avhenthe candidate's -nomination is! endorsed by 100  electors, in cities and;. 50 electors in  rural districts. ;'   :.���  12. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.      ..::;���!!    v!c  !' 13.! That;a clause be.!inserted;- ln,;all  charters granted by the Government,  making It-necessary that a minimum  wage ot $2.50 a day be paid.  Tlio platform  wns adoiited. ,  GENERAL BUSINESS. .,',.  The Council was informed Unit a  number of .merchants were employing  a. man named Cummins to do painting.  The complainants said that this man  will not employ union men, and therefore these merchants are encouraging  an enemy of organised lahor.  - Mr. Dodson. the non-union baker,  was again the subject for discussion,  and tlie delegates were asked to again  bring the matter before the various  unions.'    : i      -  A delegate from the painters read a  protest from the Maiter painters In the  matter of poor contractors taking work  at unfair prices.   :" ..-.-. .;��� ';  The Council  then adjourned.  SIHJfGLE-ffKAVERS'- UJVIOK  Organized in This District llnder tfie  A. f.ofl.  Hiij'STATISTIC  The Clearing House returns for .tho  month'of April show an increase of about  ���SOO.OOO over-tlio roLurns rpr tho corres-  pohaing month of last_ year. Tlio figures  for April, 1500, were lja,5.|a|461, and for the,  same month last year they were ���Js.MS.-jrii.  Mr. .Veary Unanimously lloctcci President of Uie  : New Organization���Ihe Pros-  '��� '     pects Origin.  Tilie Customs House returns' for the  month of April show a. slight falling-off  in comparison to the figures for tlio corresponding, montli ot. ISM.-The figures given are us follows: ���';  Duty collected ..  .Other revenue..  Total.,   .v  :.'''..'���  Imponts   duitable  Intports free.  ..  ,  Total ..-������;:,.... .-!  Exports.. ..     ..  .  ..$72.02T 09  .-.   S,73'J GS'  ...:.$S0.7G7 27  ....?159,01li 00  ..$30,035 00  , There Were 37 interments in the City  Cemetery, during .the month of April,  dentils being-.fromtlic following: Meningitis,' 1; old,.'ige,l;.drowning,'1; cerebral  Hemorrhage, 1; Brigbt's disease, 2; chronic  gastritis, 1; still-born, '!; .syphilis, 1; rupture,. 1;':.consumption, l;-dropsy,,l; Infantile weakness, 3; cancer,'.1;, bronchitis, 2;  anaemia,', 1; not given, 2;bcrl-beri, 2; peritonitis, 1; cancer, 1; convulsions, 1; pneu:'  monia, t; murder, .1; Jaundice 1; brain  trouble, 1l rheumatism of heart, 1; Jieart'  disease, 1.   ' -.   :        :':'-. - ;'.-    ' V ���  During April, 1S0S, the number-of. in tcrr,  ments were 30.  '...Pitity-slx: patients were: admitted to the  Gi ty,' Hospital during Aipril; AG... were .dls-.  charged* ��� and" i'��� dfed."-Tlic"r'cceipts 'were  !f-lT0.4u.;.;-.';::';.;,,:,". , ''; .   !���.;:;;������>:,'.-,'.!���  , Nine cases of liifcctJous diseases, wore  reported lii't'he City, last-mouth; twenty-  seven houses were-.connected with the  sowers: 21 convictions., for inCraotlon ot  Alio Lodging-House By-law were secured  and 7 summonses Cor breach of the Health  By-law were Issued.  . Drink.the celebrated Seattle VBohem-  ian Beer," only five cents per, glass, at  the Arlington. !������'.'���'���  !      SPORTING AFFAiRS.  -Frank J. Cotter,' of this City, has announced his willingness to 'accept ��� tlio  challenge of T. A. Barnaby, the 100-mile  champion "bicycle-rider, now located , at  Nan.xlmo, B. C., for an unlimited pureult  race or a ?100!pui'se.: "Mr. Cotter," says  Mr. Bnrnaby, "has a world-wide reputation as a distance rider, but if he means  business! let him put up! his money, .at  least 2-1 liours previous to the race or a  ?30 forfeit to show his sincerity."  ��� One world's record was shattered and  the, world's figures for anotlier record  were equalled on Saturday on the Franklin' field, during the sixth annual relay  ,rc��es under the auspices of the University of Pennsylvania. The'new world's record was made by M. Prinsteln, the marvellous jumper of' Syracuse University,  who'jumped 21 feet 7.1-2'inches .in' the  broad jump. The former record was held  by A. C-- Kraenzicin, 'of Pennsylvania,  ���with 2-1 foot 4 1-2 inches.   "  Tlie 100-yard dash figures of 0-1-5 seconds  were equalled by A. .T. Duffy, ot' Georgetown University, who holds.the. American  Amateur  Championship...  ,   The Pacific Coast Shingle Weavers'  ���union is the very latest!addition tuthe  chain of organized Jabor In  this district.   The .shingle sawyer.-; and filers  of Vancouver'und ���-New!.Westminster  met on Saturday, April 2Sth last, and  organized  themselves into a union,  to  be known as above, and applied to'the  American  Federation  of Labor for  a  charter.   Geo.   Bartley,   Of    the  Independent, was selected' as'-chairman of  the 'meeting.   He addressed-ihe'meeting, dealing with unionism- in general,  pointing put  its  beiiulits   to  employer  .lis well as employee.   He congratulated ; the British  Coiunibia sawyers    as  jbciii-r the-first to unite in.this pamic-  'ulur branch of Industry.'  ; Mr.  Jos.  Watson,   labor    organizer,  addressed   the ^shlnglemen    and  wondered, why  they never came .together  sooner.     He: .spoke., for considcralble  time, hamlling all points neccssaiT to  inalcc a union successful.  -   Mr.    Jos.    Dixon,   president    of the  Trades and Labor council of Vancouver,   spoke briefly.-.. In,favor    o'f    the  shingle  cutters, '..wished   their .. union  success,,and hoped to see them represented at t'he next Trades and Labor  council .'meetinff. '.-.'  ,. Mr4lt.' J. Neary,-' on behalf of the  shingle^ sawyers of Vancouver, then  came forward. He read the 'circular  issued by Vancouver,sawyers, and.ex-  'plained it, clause by clause. He spoke  of. the fniporUuice. oC the shingle-Industry in British Columhia, and re-  nrarked.that it ought to.be protected  as a means of livelihood for white  men. He quoted. from The Independent facta and --figures concerning the  present .inllux of, Oriental 'tabor, and  drew attention to;its large employ  menf lii the shingle industry. 'He clos  ed by!moving:;"That a Shingle Weavers' .:uniou;.;be formed,, comprising ,a!U  white shingle weavers .and. fliers in  British, Columbia.':.:,;..;,!;; - .'-'.', .���--.'.,''  -;! :;Mr..- Chas.; fellcey, seconded the ino-  iipn,:'aTid in ;a, neat speech; voiced ,hts  atiproyal^cohcernlng-dt.;-^--^:^"^^--=-�����!'  ���Messrs.'Robt. Barclay and R. D. Howe  then,spoke on;behalf of the New West-  .riiinstei- sawyers.'.'Both gentlemen expressed; their entire,,approval of the  steps;., taken towards organizing a  union.!..-,'        -..!;  Other; speakers'from the -.different  iiillis then were heard.- !Upon the motion being ,put, it was carried, unanimously..-The. fallowing bflicei's .were  elected: ;President,.:R. J. 'Neary;' vice-  president,. Robt. Barclay; secretary;' E.  D. Rowe;. treasurer, Chas. Pelkoy. .  ! Upon a vote being taken, thanking  Messrs.; Geo. ���Bartley,'-. J. iH. Watson  and- Jos. Dixon for 'their kind assist-  iiiice,. the mee'ting was adjourned by  the aiciwly,appointed president, until  flic following Saturday .evening, when  a meeting; will-be held' to consider and  draw up by-laws,'etc.  wages of a whole community of men to   gate   metiibfMliip   of "about  2ri,000.    A'  sntisfy his own' greed ami personal am-  b'lion. To the Committee that visited Jlr.  Cunimlns for the purpoMO of Inducing him  to sign our agreement, ho stated (, that  there wore not .enough good men to go  around the different shops, and he had a  lot of men that wore not painters, working for him. So the public know what  kind of work to expect from such concerns. Wis consoled him by Maying that  We were sorry that lie was the only man  that had scrub pain-tors, biit Informed  him that If he signed our agreement we  would find painters, who wore good workmen. I have been informed that he has  stated that he can take Japs and pnv  tlieni 51 per day and make painters of  them in six Weeks; another Illustration of  whiit-klnd of a mechanic he is. As a person of ordinary Intelligence knows It  takes three, yeans at the very least to  learn the painting trade, and its different  branches, and that ho has always something to learn in order fo.be In touoh with  Ihe times. In reply to his assertion that  wo had only fifty painters out of a  hundred,- we would, state that the balance are" experienced decorators and 'paper-hangers and lire working In reliable  union shops that have been established  some years, and the Matter Painters appear to be-satisfied,' so tlie public will  know whero to go if thev want good  work done and not by a "dob" outtit.'  '���'.'���'    Yours etc., ^  '     ; W. DAVIS.  Vancouver, B. C, May -Itli, 1800.  CHARLES AV1LSON..Q. C.  Editor 'Independent?-. Was the leader  of the Liberal-Conservative party, Jlr.  Charles AVilson, Q. C, ever 'Identified  in provincial polities, in this province  before this' campaign. We seem to  know very little of his past record to  fit him for a party leader,."except it  be that he Is put up by the C. P. It., to  down Hon.,Joseph Martin In his proposed railway policy.,  " , ��� . .'���....- A RAILROAD .MAN.  Westminster,;.May 1st, 11)00. , -  [Note���We are ...informed that Mi*.  Wilson's actions; while a -member for  Victoria, and his losing his seat because he would not be a tool of the old  Robson "gang" are well and favorably  known to the older labor- men at tho  capital. His defeat at the polls!in 1SD0  we! are told was /'because' he;!voted  against the government on' some .'big  bonus deal, lie was at one time a  Cariboo miner, and has lived in tills  province; for. the past 37 years.���Eel.]  year ago there Were but 13 nerles In tho  order.   It Is expected that in all about  Initio   pee.p'e   will   visit   our   city,   und!   ,  consequently   big   prcpiv.-iu'i-is"  should)  be made by our citizens.   The business  community should  boar  in  mind  that '.  thcholding ol' thl.- international, con- .  ���volition nitJ.-iiiF a blg"i!ilr.g In "the w'.ay-'".  of an advertisement for. th"3.'elty,  a3.  delegates and their friends will urrtvo'���  from   ull   the   principal   "cities  pl'.tha  United States, and Canada.   The'order,  now cxtchds i'voin Dawson City,Where Sib  a lotlje-of SGO-ls located, to Tallahassee, . Florida..-.'Vancouver can boast ab  the  first  city  in  British  Columbia  to :  hold .'in;Internationa] convention.   The    :  following programr.ie has been nrrang-'!,  ed by a most energetic! committee:"  'May 22���Morning, grant; street'par-'  ades Vancouver  Atrle.-. No.    C,    Grand   '  Aerie  am! visiting. Aeries   with   mill--,   .  tary bands, address-.of welcome by the  mayor, speeches, etc.    Afternoon, ope-,   ,  ning of the Grand Aerie session.   Evening, grand open social session and re-,  eeptior.   to   Grand. Aerio  and-.visiting-",  .brothers, tendered by Vancouver Aerie-  No. tl, at the Alhambra theatre.  May 23���Various ���entertainments,,for'..''  the visitors and shown around the city.  'Evening, grand'banquet at the Alhani-  '"'  bra theatre on a scale never before attempted even In Vancouver.    (The estimated cost, Sn per plate.)  .May 21���Prub-Hjly excursion and visit',  to ��� Westminster Aerie.    Races  at the   '&.  track. ' "..       .':���-.���"  ' 0,  Patronize home industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's.Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms":cigars.. They are  'union'.;made..and the best cigars In-the  market. .  ^"Jolm���Rf=Gcnitry;"^2.I00"-n.-2"���an"d~''Jo"o  Patchln," 2.01 1-1, have been matched .for  a purse of.|2.0O0 to be competed for on  tlie Goschen half-mile track at Goschcn,  N. 1'., oh August 22nd. The halt-mile track  record should bo lowered in this race,  'becaai-sc both horses arc in 'botiter condition than they, ever were before.  'Both are thoroughly acquainted with  tlie track, which, It Is claimed, is tlie fastest in tlio world. ''.': .  At a meeting of tho Brockton Point  Athletic Association held last evening.  It wns ilocidcd that a Children's Day programme should bo arranged for tlie  Queen's Birthday celebration In Vancouver. Special .euro Is being taken Unit no  notion .will .interfere.-with tlio sports at  Victoria on that day, tho intention being  .to have'a grand celebration on-the 2ltli  of tills month, specially for tho children.  Tlio programme Is now In course of pre  paratlon  and  will  contain  somo  strong  drawing cards' for the-young, people of  Vancouver,; ���  Frank J. ��� Cotter, ot tills City, has an-  nrimeod his willingness to accept the  challenge of T. A. Barnahy, tiu< 100-mile  champion blcyclc-rlder, now located at  Nanalmo. B. C��� for un unlimited pursuit  nice for $1U0 a aide.  PAIBVIBW* CAB SERVIOK.'  'On ami  after Saturday,  5th  .May, a 20  minuto car service will be operated  between tho Mount Pleasant tormiuusf. cor.  Ninth Avenue and Westminster Avenue)  and tlie City Terminus (cor. Hastings and  Oarrall   Streots.)  First car leaves M't. Pleasant.. .. 0:10 a.m.  l-ast car leaves Sit. Pleasant ;'. ..10:50 p.m.  First car.leaves' City.. ..'"..' .. ...-'11:40 a.m.  Last car leaves  City..   ....   ..11:20 p.m.  On1 Sunday first car leaves JR. Pleasant  '0:10 a.m. and  City OfiO a.m.:  B.C." "ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., LTD.  The government.Is.acting/as a savings' ..bank for the people. .'Why aot  go a! .step further, and act as. a loan  company for the people: It pays 3 per  cent.; interest, on deposits.'- / It could  afford 'to loan ,at ,!4 per cont. In  France the state, has loan 'agencies  for;workingmen where, money can be  had from 2 to 3 per, cent.,,Money manors, are charging workingmen who,  from any reason, are1 compelled to borrow, all the way from DO to 500 per  cent., according to their necessities  a n d^meaiis--for,-rei>ayme!tt^^ive^the  jieople  government  loan  ofllces.���City  and  Country.  '   IT MAKES RICH BLOOD.  Gold Seal old Klscn port, 50 cents a  bottle���the best tonic you; ever used.  Gold Seal Liquor company, 7-10 Fender  street. -  LETT RS TO THE ED1T0H.  Sir,���in tills morning's "News-Advertis.  ci" iipiiears a1 letter from one C.-J. Ciini-  iriins. lie answers a note from the Painters'-Union .Informing him that his stand  in regard to the Union would be brought  up at tho meeting ot.tbo "Trades Council. Our Union thought It but correct to  inform'Mr.-Cummins of tlio intention, and  thus give Win-the opportunity lo declare  himsc-f, as to ' Ids attitude towards tho  1,'nlon, which lie certainly 1ms done. However, ho need not take it ns a threat, but  as a genuine notlllcutlon, that we Intend  through the assistance of other trades unions and persons having sympathy with  the Union to give him a merry chase. 1  have been Informed that in the city bo  hulls from die - had the name of being unfair to. labor. A-s ,his actions speak for  themselves lie deserves to have tlio name,  because a leopard cannot ' change bis  spots'/In his letter ho admits that two of  his men do as much as his other four  mid that ho pays "dobs" what they are  worth, but he onlyglves the two men, oiie  day's pay. (Nolo���He wants quantity not  quality.) Unfortunately for labor, in this  Irstance, like; too many others. Mr. Cum.  mins doestiot believe' in a minimum wage  or-the-living wage. He apparently'wants  to innlte the minimum wage the maximum  and thus wants to pose as a dictator: rather than a fair minded man. One rotten apple will spoil a'whole barrel, likewise one  unprincipled  man  would  Jeopardise the  ;DA.V;"VS.   CONTRACT; WORK...  ;  Editor Independent*.. 1 secour city,  fathers have been at Vit again;, doing  a. thing one meeting and the next meeting /upsetting., what they had 'previous-'  lypdone.:' When shall we get men!eiect-,  edi!to .office.'as-aldermen.-who./, know.  .their,-own,  minds.   Iii; ;'Obtawa",   Montreal;' Toronto  and  Winnipeg the  engineers of the. city are saving for th'eir  respective: cities  thousands  of dollars  annually,, by doing the city work by  day. labor.   In  Ottawa,   where  sewers  are being built by day .labor.I saw in  a report of the, work done tip to a recent date that tlie city,   engineer .hail  saved nearly thirty thousand dollars to  the taxpayers.of that city, by proving  that day labor was' cheaper than contract; .work, and  that better work'was  doiiei* and the men receiving 25 cents  a d'ay  more than  similar work  done  oh the    contract    system:     Now.  sir,  what are the conclusions.one must arrive at, when we aretold by the city  engineer,' this  work  on.Mount Pleas-'  ant  sewers   is   going' to   cost  520,000  more' by day work than ,by contract.  Does  any  sane  man   believe, him?   I  dont'  for'one;   and  the,.only  conclusion  one can 'ar,rive at  is. that'either  the city engineer is Incompetent., and,  from  recent exposures by Aid. Shaw,'  I 'believe  that to be the true one, or  else he .is in the swim ���: with; tha contractors. . The enquiry which was held  lately proved several things.   Yet the  majority  of  the; city, council  stopped  tlie'-enquiry and whitewashed the engineer.   The  innocent'.'assistant' who,  rather than have his reputation spoiled by an incompetent superior, resigned his position.   How long, 'Mr. Editor,  is this way of doing business going t*o  last..  Here  is the. city  of  Vancouver  losing thousands; of dollars annually,  and, during the last five years, I think  ir.. fair   to  say   it   has   lost   as  much  ,ni!Qiiey=iii=mistalces--froin=thc-=enffineersk  department  n,nd    contract  works  as  would satisfy'the School board in their  just demands on the council; and thus  would have saved the necessity of borrowing  money  to  extend  our  school  accommodation.   Then I am-Informed  there  arc  over  ���?lO0,C00  owing  to  the  city! cor back taxes.. Why is this  allowed?   I am also informed the tases  owing are mainly owed by Ihe,speculators, and moneyed men In and out of  ���the city.    It' a poor man, through'necessity, gets into debt he is soon pulled   into   court,   or   has   his  mortgage  foreclosed by -these people.   Why don't  the city, fathers, do-this, and  run the  city on business principles, as Hifycall  II?   Why?   Because  we  keep  sending  the old toggles back to legislate in tin.'  council for us, Instead ot putting young  up-to-date.business men from our own  ranks, who are lii sympathy with the  progressive movement.   Now. Mr. Editor,   I   won't  take  up   more    of your  lime and space, except to thank aldermen  Baxter, Wood,  Barker and' Foreman   for having the courage  of their  convictions  In supporting  the    movement.   The  others   we. can   ileal  with  when the time comes.   At present we  can only   cry out as   of old:      ".How  long, O Lord, how long?"   Yours, etc..  J. H; WATSON.  GRAND MOGUL TEA.      .    c "'.  ._ Readers will please take notice that  from now. on the people of Vancouver"  can be supplied with Grand Qfoguitea  at a number of leading grocers., Look,  through, these columns  carefully  and !  you will find the names of grocers now'  selling it.   Their demonstration-window  is worth .seeing,. It is at 115 Hastings'  street,-east,   above  Columbia  avenue.-  There you win find handsome and useful  presents  to be given for cupons."  which win be found enclosed In- each'  package. The quality of Grand Mogul"  tea is  tip-top.    The prices  are ��� right, ���:  and the due household presents are as-  represented.  wrvicwM;-.  /Victoria, May i.���Tlie Victoria Trades -'  and Labor/ Council, -have /decided.', not!.-  to    run- an   Independent  candidate.;'!  While only three: unions approved the !-  idea,::it w;as:tliouglit/thatVwithout unf':\  anlmlty a rabor'/man's !chance.of elec'---'  tion would be. serloiisly/interfered .With..','  However,! It'/win beseenby'-"the foliow-  ing resolution that tile.trend of unionists  is  towards  . independent: .action, r!  The resolution- was carried by  a  un-���  animous vote:/     /,;! /*, , ;��� ,   ! ;,:  "The A'ictoria ..Trades  .and ...Labor' ?,  Council, haying decided to taken, no In- ':.''::  dependent action in tlie coming- proving ;  ciairelectioii, deslres'i't to be'empha- '.'  tically understood  that no person .'or, -  persons representing'themselves, in any  "  light ���������whatsoever,'; has or have any axi- '!  thority to speak for"this body on: anyi,>;!;  hustings; or in any political way, seiise !  or -.manner- whatever."'      :���,:,;,,:/,:��� !:-.-':���'.���,  Mr. Ralph Smith was .in-town .'this/,  week, and  busied  Iiiniself  in  denying.;  a.statement in circulation that he had.  cast his lot in"-with Hon. Jos. Martin;-   -1  A number of the trades unions' have.:,  signified;.: their    intention  -of   placing  floats in  the 24th of May. celebration.,,,  procession.     An effort  is being , made";  to  have  Nanalmo cancel its  Queen's" ,  birthday celebration,   and .visit  Vic.-:  torla.    If, the effort Is! successful, the.  labor,men .of!this city will again  for,  the third time go to.Nanalmo on Labor  day. ,- -. ;  ,,;.  ���/,!- -.'" ���'..'''   ..'���-;,"'.���'���  .The cigarmakers are making astren-,:  uous effort .to push the home product.    .  From a membership of 30 this union.;"  has dwindled down to eleven.    East-    -  orn scab cigars are the cause.  ,  The   old   and   reliable     dyeing   and-  cleahing':,'. establl?hnient,    34  Cordova.!  street east, near the track.   Work done  here is done well, and cannot, be im-.  proved on.   J. G. BousJ^9x-;l,J!2CiJei2i'-i==!;  / F. O. E. COMING.  On May 21-21 the Grand Aerie of tlie  Fraternal Order, of Eagles will hold  Its- annual;session in this city. .The  gathering jWlll conduct' their proceedings in. the..: Alhambra theatre;/ Over  200; delegates will, be present,-representing some 70, lodges, with an aggre-  MAYOR HARRISON'S TROUBLES,  Mayor  Harrison  has issued  an  tip-.  peal 'to the citizens of Chicago to'use  their   induenee   in  ���settling   the   labor,  troubles  there, whiclv involve pi-jotie-:  ally every    branch of    industry.   The  city administration, he says, has done'  all in Its power to bring irbout a set-;  tlenient by arbitratloT., but has failed, .���  owing to tlie refusal  of  th*y contractors' ���association to appear before Mio  arbilratloii   board   appointed   -by   the.  city council.   Judging from Mr. 1-Iarrl-  e-on's written -statement, the contrac-  Mrs  .'ind   maniifartiirers -of  that city  inu.-t be the whole 'thing, or else the  mayor's view of arbitration  must bo  blinded  by. seli'-pi-ctectlon nnd  deceit  to mankind.'  In Ills communication to  tin.' police jiiulc-es of the cfty the mayor strongly! recommends tint- they Impose    the    minimum  fine  of $100.   In  every case where a union worlc.iian Is  brought before them, nil! luavlor ptin-  Ishnicnt  If  possible.   Now   If   such   Is  justice   In   tlie /city   of  Chicago   we  ought to.be ��� thankful  we are in Vancouver, /.where justice  is on  par 'With  capital.  ,: ;���i- ���-.'���.,'    .'''I -.  1 THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY    (........MAT 5,  1309  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GF.O.  BARTLEY.  ���pUr.Kl.SllED   WEEKLY   IN*   THU   INTEREST   OF   Ol-G'AXISED   LABOR  BY*  ���TlIM IXPEPENDlvNT l'lllXTINO COM-  '      , l'ANV.  ���AT   ::12.  BOM I'll;    STUKKT,   VANCOU-  YKK,   It   C.  Sf.BSt'Kll''t'IONS   IN   ADVANCE.  A wick. i> rents; liionth. I'' cents: three  ���mi.iuhs. *-> cciits: --Is  niontlif, ''"' cent>:  one year, ifl.*!"?  ���ENl'iORiiED   BY   TUB 'tUADES   AND  LAIiOR   (*01"Nl'U,.  ,'";;hs;-n.  ":*"tei;:~  SATl-RDAY    '.'.MAY  5,  TJOft  n'-l'li: CONSEi'.VATIVE PLATFORM.  In*) our 'adverlisir.g columns appears  the platform of ihe Llbcral-Ciin'serv-  a'tivc party in"l'.ritisli Columbia, adopted at the-New'''Westminster-noiiven-  1'icin. It seems to us that it deals  ���rather with bvoad generalities than  ���practical business, and f��r that reason.  Dias- fallen somewhat lint upon the  great body of the. electorate. Us de-  (elariiiion for straight party lines has  /been s-omewhut offset'by the pronounc!-  ameiito of Sir Hlbliert Tu'iper. who  was a bright, and shining letter in the  assemblage referred to. in favor of a  coalition between what might, be styled  the .intl-.Martiniies.- including every  shade of. opinion, 'l-lowever. the issue  was forced by Ihe nomination of four  straight Conservative standard-bearers  aiid.it is. now for the great labor party  of this city and country to assert itself. There are many desirable planks  in the platform and It would not be  'd'Hllciilt to find ���nlf'who are taking an  active interest in the-Impending cam--  ���pals'ii to stand upon it. but the dilll-  ciilly.ls that the labor cause'has in the  ���past been made a football of by politicians who know the workingman .he-'  ,'fore- polling-'day. .and forgot him the.  ���next.' Under such" circumstances it is  clear that Hie lime has come when  labor must in" the ��� legislation of this  "Province,, have a voice, and that n  strong one. The balance of power Is  a wonderful lever'in a British,system  'of constitutional government, as ..wit-,  ���ncss   the   Influence   exercised   by   the  ! '-comparatively' small minority which  that remarkable leader, pnrnell, gen-  orated In the House of Commons, when  Cne practically obstructed and,  indeed.  1 commanded for the period of his brief  a'eign the greatest andmost llllustrious'  ibody of Commoners in the world. Why  cannot labor make itself relt In the  same way in British Columbia by  standing together am" llghtlngwitli all  Sts strength for the principles ih.it do-  ���minate it? Its advocates can do it by  Rrustlng one another and 'putting their  ishoulders to the wheel, now that a  critical moment in/ the history of the  ���province has arrived. :.  '; But- to revert to the platform. We  Ho not think that anybody can take  treasonable exception to flic first seven  ���paragraphs; they are the Incarnation  lot the.cause we espouse���loyalty to the  ..'(Queen,, whose subjects never loved her  more devotedly, than they do now���  ���faith in the people, the trouble is that  .bo few aspiring statesmen  have faith  "Sn the plain people, a term that Mr.  |W. J. Bryan, has made a. household  word and a name: equal "civil and religious liberty which is tlie 'boast of.  (the empire to which we belong: the  various clauses appearing in paragraph  X hardly call for mention because they  nppool to all parties audio everybody  ==5vTio7Tu*iJra='^fce^  improvement and betterment of tho  condition of the wage-earning classes  Ss,high-sounding enough, but what has  ���past governments dine to lend eou-  -fldence to their earnest desire to assist  the toilers In reaching that eminence  ���which this plank Imliciites.V ft Is on'y  When the wage-earning classes legislate for themselves thai they may hope  lo .reach the' elysium wlilch the C'.jti-  (���crval.ive party has been dreaming nt  '���for years. 'We s^jLim. cn'iise to Iiml ob-  iiection to tin; succeeding paragraphs,  except to express regret that more has  ���not been done in t>.e->ust for the agricultural Interests tlint. Instead of vast  sums of money going into,the hands of  monopolists, trulls, roads and bridges  have not been opened up lo Ihe farmers' homes and their hit made pleasan!  and comfortable:.Tho promise of "M.OilO.-  000 to a 1'acllH' cable looks well on  paper, bill It would nol put bread and  butter In the mouths of the hungry  .or clothe the naked.  'We arc next given a dose of ancient  history���the record of the party since  ISO", which may be passed over as self-  glorification that does not In any ��� respect affect the vital issucs'ninv before us. Altar a straight resolution was  passed in favor.ol party lines a programme was submitted, which'in many  ��� . respects ��� will' meet with   little   oppo  sition���if carried out. The proposition  lo provide for the official inspection of  elevators and hoisting gear Is one that  has long been before the people,  and heretofore might be summed up in the expression ���'  words, empty words. If labor  candidates are returned they will compel the carrying out of much needed  ���legislation in that direction. It Is iiuite  unnecessary for us to say Hint we desire to see justice administered more  rpiv.l'.ly .'iiul economically, or that we  ::pp:-i.ve' ef an effective system for thu  sclt'emiMi.t of disputes'that may arise  i'roui time l" time between capital and  labor. The government ownership of  railways and the control of rates is. a  cardinal 'principle of the labor cause.  ,vhi!..' it is unnecessary lo sny thai we  a;-" for the eight-hour law first, last,  .ni.l nil the time. An Improved system  of education such as is proposed, should  give the poor man's child equal privileges with tlie rich man's, and free  school books will be a demand that  cannot be successfully opposed. The  adt.-.r.coment of. tur mining interests  ���.'.ill always appeal .to every good clli-  neti W'ho sees In it a valuable asset,  whlje the exclusion of Asiatic labor  would realise to a large extent the  dream of those who seek the Immigration, of female labor and the. consequent" increase to our population of  members of the Anglo-Saxon race, who  have always been in the van of progress.  The section referring to the future of  the Laurler administration-to send a  contingent to South Africa may be:  passed over in silence because it has  beeii clearly demonstrated that the  Government acled only on the Initiative  of the Home authorities and performed  its part with a celerity, despatch and  lavishiu'ss that has sent its praises  ringing round the world. Canada,  through the action taken in. this" respect, has won universal admiration  anil from the Queen down to her humblest, subject, hearty thanks have gone  out to it for precious lives sent to the  front nnd vast treasure expended In  the Imperial cause. As we said in tlie  beginning, there is little in the  platform to "occasion censure or serious  criticism���it was meant t�� catch votes  Like others that have been promulgated���the point is. that promises of this  kind, like pic-crust, are easily broken,  and, that to''ensure their fulfillment,  those who really believe in the principles eiuinci.i ted, the protection of labor  ami the raising of it to a higher plane  than has heretofore -.���existed���should  return to the legislature those in whom  tliey hnve confidence and are of themselves. We do not in this respect ap-  peai only to the workingmen of Vancouver, but. to every section of British  Columbia, where It is possible to place  candidates .'In the field and-to risk that  such'assistance, financial and, otherwise, be rendered them that a splendid  triumph may be ensured and reforms  effected when the House meets, looking to the solidarity and potentiality  of the party that would seem, to have  at last taken a somewhat firm stand.  Wvalth is piling up with .marvelous  rapidity-in the coffers of the rich. The  men who create the wealth are living  from hand to mouth. Railroad stocks  .have, been-iwatered and re-watered to  the amount of millions of dollars. 'Dividends keep going up,, each year .ind  the section-men's wages keep going  down. In one word . the rich are getting richer and tlie poor poorer. Tlie  workingman is entitled to food;'shelter,  clothing, and all the comforts and luxuries of life, but he don't get thcm._  He gets the coarsest food, insufiieient  shelter and scant clothing.- As for the  luxuries, the trust builds an unscalable  wall around them. The poor man owns  nothing; the capitalist, representing the  trust, owns everything. It is this own-  -Ing^ol*=tMags.-thls-hulldiiiS-cmenSejj.  even touch the present system of operating the trust. The farmer, miner,  carpenter, laborer sells his labor to the  capitalist. The capitalist, through the  trust, sells him buck the products of  his labor, n,yd for his trouble In buying  and selling, keeps Just one-halt of the  fruits ot toil. The time Is ripening  when the artisan will sell bis labor to  no man, when ho will harness the trust  and use It, not to accumulate gold but  to distribute tlie good things of tills  world. In order that the day will come,  and come quickly, we must maliC'"pub-  lic ownership" our battle-cry. We must  llrsl own the railroads, telegraphs, telephones, electric lighting, etc., and-indue time the great trusts. Then, fellow-workers, and not until then, will  there'be an eqtillable distribution of  llie  products  of labor.  In these bright May days hereabouts  it is a stand-off as to the big fisHi storres  and political yu'riisjln circulation.  around things, which makes this earth  a howling wilderness. A few years  more, however, and the inordinate  greed of the monster ..of gold will proclaim its own dentil knell. The econ-(  nmlc student can see far on the distant  horizon the faint outline ot a rosy hue,  the scintillating of it new light that  heralds the dream of the new day when  ihe trust, In place of being n monster,  a curse, a destroyer of souls, will be  is. friend. 'Although begotten or greed,  the day is approaching when the worker will look, with rrlendly eye, will toiu-h  with reverential hand, will love, the  thing which lie now abhors. When  '.lie new day arrives, when the light  of reason enters into men's minds, the  trust will not lie owned and'opera ted  by a few, for the purpose of drawing  tile '.Ife-blooit out of the many. It will  be owned by the people nnd opera:o,l  for the people, its dividends will be  short In cash but long in food, shelter,  and the good things of life. There will  lie.no high walls around the- b'-atulv-s  of-nature, the city waif will know the  delights of the country, and the-ciuii-  try boy the marvels of the city, the  poor man's child will know the luxuries that Is, under the present system,  showered on-the lap-dogs of the rich.  Barnum himself, In'his palmiest days,  could not produce a humbug that would  The bringing ot the Eastern copper  coins into this city and province by  flic- Dominion Express company will  not: be received as a very advanced innovation by "British Columbians. Copper money in a gold mining country  docs not speak much for our stable  condition.  "Wc are all socialists, now," said Sir  William Hmrcourt. Of course this includes union men, but 'there are a  great many men who call themselves  socialists that are not union men.  The man who gives you nothing but  aiill-eleetion promises is trying to feed  you with an empty spoon.  The souvenir edition of the True  Knight has reached our desk. It is the  ollieial Pythian organ of the Grand  Domain of British Columbia. Mr. G.  R.'Maxwell, M. P., the editor,' deserves  high praise for the well-selected Illustrations and letter-press. The publisher is iMr.'.T. A. Spink,,who was ably  assisted by Mr. J. H. Evans,'the provincial manager of the'Union. Mutual  Life Insurance company. .. The result  or.their; work is of a high,order,'typographically speaking. No doubt every  "true knight," as well as others, will  preserve their copy.  GOV'ERNM'ENT   CANDIDATES.  Hon;''Jos. Martin, Mr. RcJb't. Mac-,  pherson, M.P.P., ex-Aid H. B, Gil-  m\>ur 'and' Aid. Jas, McQuoen were  nominated' in the order mentioned by  the government city convention on  Wednesday night. . ,,>  The oliuir .was , taken by .'Mr. W.  Hepburn. The following is the,list of  names that comprised the convention:  ���������'��� Ward 1.���D. G. Macdonell. G. F.  Cane, 'R. Kelly, "A. Philip, C. Bosom-  worth,.!. Johnstone,,E.Knewlton, G.  Pound, A. Eraser, W. A. Campbell.  Alternates.���J. A. Ycrcx, R. T. Bur-  well, C. Charlton. : .  AVard If.���G.W. Grant, Daniel Stewart, James McQueen, D. M. Frascr, W.  Hepburn,"'"Ii. A. Bell, F. A; Fee, S.-H.  Brown, A. M. Tyson, James Clark.   ���  Alternates.���W. J. McLennan, James  Harris, S. J. Crowe.   ...''���  Ward 'III.���W. J. McMillan, T, McKlnnon, H. Urquhart, J.'M. Letson, J.  A. Coldwell, F. ii. MeKaskiil. F. A.  Shand, Dr. J. L. McAlpine, li. Hemlow,  D. McDonald, .     ���"*" /  Alternates.���C. Cully, Samuel Thompson, G. Wilson.  Ward 1V-���George Bigger,- Charles  Woodward, Robert Scarlet, D. Stewart,  James Paul, J. D. Cameron, Thomas  F.vans, J. , J. Harrison, J. C. Barton,  J. K. Green.  Alternates.���C. Dawson, J. McRae,  Daniel McKlnnon.  Ward V.���W, D. Muir, AV..H. Steves,  T. S. Baxter, Hugh 'Wilson, Fred Mills,  James-McGeer, T. li. Maekuy, C. Carn-  waith, Thomas Graham, P. AA'ylie.  Alternates.���J. If,Toole, AV. C. Law-  The names' submitted to the convention were: Aid. McQueen, Charles  AVoodward, It. M'acphcrson, H. B. Cil-  mour, T. ��. 'Baxter, Root. Kelly, D. G.  Mucdonnell, Jas. McGeer and C. R.  Monk. The last four ���withdrew their  names.  The proceedings terminated long  after 'midnight.  SLOGAN  LABOR PLATFO'RM.  A labor mass meeting at Siocan lian  adopted the following platform and  resolutions for the forthcoming election:  1. AVe doninnd of tho provincial legislature the eiifurauoiit of the eight-hour  law, and its application to all brunches  of manual labor.  1'. Legal recognition by incorporation  of labor unions ami the, extension to thorn  i��f the same lights enjoyed by oilier oor-  iMil'iile bodiis.  *!. To provide for adjustment of wage  (1-sputes by arbbiation on plans similar  lo lhat now in force in New /.ciilaud.  I. To provide for settU nient of public,  questions by illrodt'voto unil.er the inltla-  .live and  referendum,  e. Guverinn(.ii't ownership of all railway, telegraph ami telephone lines to bis  oi-nstrueied, an.'!: the acquiring of thosu  already in use as noon as 'practical; and  to prevent exloriimi as far as possible by  the control of all railway, telegraph anil  U Jcplione lines for public use, and to fix  a reasonable maximum rate which they  may cliargu for service,  il. An act to prevent employment of.  Chinese in any mines, factories or public  works  within  the province.  7. An net to provide i'uiblic saifoguards  to life and health, and to provide an efficient mine inspection system to imicure  11.esc results.  S. An act to establish county or local  grvernment lliroughout the province; all  ollleors of si'icli, both judicial and executive, lo-be elected by the popular vote of  iheir respective localities.  Appended to this was the resolution:  Whereas���The Siocan riding of West  Kootenay, Iras been cxcep.ionaliy favored  wllh" vast mineral resources, which, under  just conditions, should'-support, in 'com-'  fort a well-paid, Intelligent class of citizen-workers, whose Interests are Identical! with the welfare of the'country;  And whereas���The conditions in' West  Kootenay are far from satisfactory to the  musses,-, especially the workers, owing to  the introduction of Mongolian und foreign chuap labor, which, If continued, will  eventually reduce us to the same level as  'themselves, or be the means of driving  us  from  t'he country;  And whereas���It Is the duty of the government to protect its citizens from either an armed or an unarmed force, cither  of which iiiiiy. threaten their very existence;  And whereas-There is no other protection, from the above or other abuses except legislation,  And whereas���We believe that-labor interests can best be advanced by the election  ot n  labor  representative;  Therefore, he it resolved���That we  pledge ourselves to nominate and support  a labor candidate whose policy shall bo  in accord with our labor platform and  pledged to use bis best efforts to carry  same Into effect; and further, as the  Mrrtin plat'foi-m is the nearest in accord  wicli our pliiitform, we hereby agree to  run our cuiulidate1as an independent supporter of ��ur present Premier.       ,  An entertainment organized by'the cor-  retpondents.-was given In Bloomfontoln  the other day, in behalf of llie widows'  and orphans. It included the singing of  "Auld Lang Syne," with special verses  by Rudyard Kipling, one of which is as  fellows: ';: ��   .  "The shamrock, thistle, leek and rose,  With heath and wattle twlno,  . And maple from Canadian snows,      ,  ,, For tho sake of Auld Lnng Syno.     "  For. auld lang syne take hands   "  From London to tho Line.  Good luck to those that toiled with us  'Since'the day of Auld Lang. Sync."  '-.-.   '-'���    -���: :o: :    '��� '���  . PASTE THIS IN YOUK BOOT. '  Canadian native wine is hard to boat.  We have a large shipment from one  of the best: vineyards In-the ���Niagara  district���just- the thing, for family use;  25 cents per bottle, $1.25..,per gallon,  Gold Seal Liquor Company, 7'Ki Pender  street, city.-  Sick People,  rtirtieubirly the laboring mini, wmil thu  VKItY iiKST medicine il is |��.ssllilu to  procure. Why? because it means dollars to bo kept from work, through  cheap seeiunl-ciuss drills. We use only  the iikst, and employ only skilled labor  to dispense vour I'loclor's I'UKSCIlil'-  TIONK. No scab labor lor us. We do  everything on the union pi'lueiple.  The Up-to-Bate Druggist,  COIC. .Sr'VMOl-ll   AN II   HASTINGS STUKKT.S  The following resolution was adopted  by the Trades and Labor Council the  other day:  "Whereas. It Is not desirable that the  pay of any class of laborers In the city  of Bossland should be reduced, or that  the purchasing power of their wages  should  be  curtailed; and  Whereas, at a recent meeting of the  City Council Alderman Dean Introduced  a resolution which would effect a large  reduction In the pay of city employees;  nnd  AVhereas, this Council views with  alarm any attempts of this nature;  therefore bo It  Resolved, by Die Rossland Trades  and Labor Council, Hint Alderman Denn  deserves the severe censure of organised  labor for his action, nnd that Ills AVor-  shlp the Mnyor and the City Council  should be commended for promptly rejecting said resolution. And be It farther  Resolved. Unit these resolutions be  spread upon our minutes, furnished the  press, nnd forwifrdcd to the City Coun-  1JNION .\IKN ATTKNTION.  All union men In Ihe city are hereby  notlllcd that Donaldson' & Matthews,  Hie Cordova street clothiers, hatters  nnd men's outfitters, have Just opened  mil. another large .shipment of Union  label punts engineers, painters, bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons., smocks, etc. Donaldson  & Mat thews', men's outfitters, 74 C��r-  dova  street.  BKAVARH     OF     ANTI-ELECTION  PROMISES. c'  ���WILL IIAVETHR UNION LABEL.  The street railway boys will shortly  come out resplendent In: new uniforms.  The making of the suits will be distributed among, the tailor shops of the  city'. Needless to say, the boys will  sport the,"cunning little joker."  -, IL is stated that the Newfoundland  fisheries���chiefly cod���have proved a  complete failure tills year as a result  of long continued rough weather. This  Is most unfortunate, for it means much  distress amongst many thousands of  fisher folk;  CALL~  At thu workintfmitn's wtituhinnkcr tind jowcllor  before purchasing imywlu;re'ulxis. M�� is known  through H. (!. fnr nooil nut] clump watches and  jewelry.   Wntcli repuirinj; n spueiiilty.  :"."L'riERMAN, \ ;��� ;  l:'0 Cordova Street, opposite Savoy  Theatre, Vancouver.   :  'OU can Ltsiirii  Bookkeeping and  ===^Busines*J^ethods^  Willi us.   Kvery mechanic should he a bookkeeper.  Till-; YOCia <:0MMKKC1A1. COU.KCM.  ���ffiir you   wiwn.  YOUR EYES  TESTISp* FU.E15  ('nil on our Hurler of ojitlcs.iuiil lie will  ��� wittingly eoiiipl)' Willi your. reipieM,  I'iavic.Itson   Bros.,  llii iloriloviiKtreet.  I'm- 'l:n.  VlCTOIII.l  hillltlt IlKKk.  The Only Circular Bar  On the Coast.      \  H.MINATY,      .      '������'*���-: Proprietor  ���'���;''��� aii Currali Strobt; Viiiicouvcr, B. C.'-'  Tho J^irst I/iibor V\\\wx pub-  �� lisliod in tins intiM'tist of . .  �� labor ami wc avo Uic .First  0 Store to serve the public .  0 The Cheapest heading  �� iii-Vancouver   ���ii=-  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  ��  139-'Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Just Arrived !  A. Splendid Assortment  of Men's, Youths and . .  Children's"-"-���^  ���  ���  Clothing  hi the Newest Styles uinl Colors.  STANLEY WHITE & CO.,  50-1 Westminster Ave.,  ���    Vancouvea, B.G  We've Got  Them I  ���    The Very Latest  Novelties in . .  ��  ialnolic iliit Tins  1'iilrifil'ifi Sl-ifih I'ins  I'lilriulie Bell Itiidliss  ".-PatrioticJlroiJcIics, etc.'-  In a Large Variety of Designs.  m in  170 Cordova St,  (JOlt. C'A.MItlE.  A. Ml.  lV1101.|.*.S.U.r. AN'II llKTAIl. UKALKR-IN  Fisli, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 CoitnovA St. -'Pi-ioNis.442.'  A ii Importcviit Grocery Event  ..'... ;,*': :.UP��TO-DATE. ...1....  acr  .' Il's not html tn <:roalo oiUhushtsiu  ..with those priiTs: : ������*.--:  (���ionninctiltl JJniwn Windsor Soup,'Ar>  cukos fnr'iru;. " .'  Klootrio .Soup, Oittikos for'J-u*. '  (*inu:o SM��ip. f�� (inkus for 2w.  Colli !>ust Washing: Puwilur, .6 puck-  ngesfor '��><:.  - I'oiirlinc, tl niiGknges for 25c. -   . .:  Snlnion, T) tins for 25e.  :Ctitsup, :i liottlcs for2")U.  Pickles, 2 Ijottles for liric.  Itnkin's I'-mvder, 1-lh tins, Wa.  ICiupiru Ten, :t Mis for $1.  Kmpire linking I'owder, 1-tli ttn^STto.  Kin pi ru Unking Powder, 5-tU tins, ?1.  JCVICI^YTHINC:    I-CI-SIC   KOUALIA'-.' LOW,  KISAl) .GAltiCKULl-V.   SKNI) YOUH OltniCIt KAftlA*., GOODS OKMVJ'UtKD.QUIClCnV.  THECrrY'GROGERY COMPANY  ."TUB WOMJKUI'lJI. CHK\r IJKOGliltS.  ��� ';: . ���.������ o'. '.;.���-. . .. .-'���'���'���.-  Tolejilionu'���28B.. Corimr Woslinihsler Avcniioiiiul I'riiioossSlriiot.;  Will buy a: t\voTstoroycd I  'house,' with all modern|  i in pro vements, oil-Harris j  street, close to Westiniils'ter a\-onue.    For full par-1  ticuhirs ajiply to , ...fc;-;-;":-'  Hahon, -V|<Farla-��d'.& Mabon, Ltd]  541 Hastings Street:,. v)-[ ,'  We niake a specialty of UiNMOiN-.MADK Cigars and  Tobaccos,   consecjuently we always give good satis-'  fnctioii.    Your patronage solicited.  Columbia and  Hartford"  n  ���icy cleft;  Fitted with Duxlop  Tiuks are the best  and cheapest wheels  on the market: Complete stock at  TISDALL'S Gbn Store  '521 Hastings St.  J <fc  a  SATURDAY JMAT  5,  MOO  THE INDEPENDENT.  c/  Till you see Ours���the largest and best,  MOST  UP-TO-DATE  STOCK  Hardwood Mantles.  Our stock needs no introduction as we  have kept it up to date, and have now got over  thirty different styles to choose from. We are  selling-agents for the Rockford Mantle Company thelargest concern in America and their  goods are only to be seen to be admired.  Fire-place Grates.  We are sole agents for the Dawson  'Grate" and Dawson Beauty Grate, made in  any finish-, and are the most up-to-date Grate  manufactured.  TILING.  Our Stock is very large and those intending building will be well repaid by a visit to  our show room. We have Glazed, Unglazed,  Imbossed, Vitrious, also Circular Ceramic Mosaic Tile���suitable for halls and vestibules.  Parquet Flooring.  It is here to stay and we have it for sale  and can show you a nice variety of patterns.  ges.  We are .-ole agents for the Great Majestic Range���the only malleable Iron and Steel  Range manufactured and it will last a life time.  High-class Building Hardware  We have the largest stock in the Province, and mind���the look of your house inside  depends on the  class of Hardware, you have  : it furnished with.  Heavy Hardware.  Bar Iron and Steel; Steel Cable, Crucible  Steel Wire Rope, Plough Steel Wire Rope,  Manilla Rope, Coil Chain, Spades and Shovels,  Wire Nails, Cut Nails, Galvanized and Black  Wrought Spikes, Anchors, Linseed Oil, Genuine and No. I White Lead, and everything you  ask for in an up-to-date Hardware Store.  Mail orders receive prompt attention.  Wholesale and Retail.  McLennan, McFeely S: Co., Ltd.,  DAWSON Q1TY,-N. W.T-  12^ Cordova St., VANCOUVER, B. C.  TRADE UNIONISM AND  SOCIAL REFORM  (By J. 11. Watson.)  In the mythology of the '.'"Norseman  ���there is a tree represented as sending  "Its roots to the lowest depths of*'. In���  'Terno,-.' wlillsf its branches reached up  -Into the loftiest spaces ot the heavens.  The' tree was the type ot..human.'life,  ��>r human passions and human aspirations. It may .stand to-day as the  ���type of the��social reform movement,  which touches nearly every sphere of  .'social activity, penetrating every strata  of society and appealing to all' orders  ���and (Trades, of Intellect.,, The desire of  . jnan for social betterment manifests  itself In varied forms of organization,'  anore or less shaped by conditions of  education, ' and environment, by the  'circumstances'' of birth, the Influence  ���of j racial pressure; of mental predls-  giositlon and development. Among these  ���forms of organisation we fl'nu* trade  -unionlum, co-operation, (communism,  .anarchism and socialism, the last-nam-  -ed itself divided Into several more or  Hess distinct schools, such as state  eodallsin, Christian socialism, s'ocial democracy and the social league, etc. As  llie -whole Is, greater, thaii any; of Its  .������parts,.- so we must assume that whut  3s known as the social reform move-  imeht is. greater than any one division,  and that there" must be a reason for  tthe eadslence of eaeli and evrey ohase  of thought bearing on the question. , It  is iiot_my_pu rposejo, attempt .tojmeas-  cultito Indicate the commonly, recognized limitations of the movement, as  recognized by the successive labor conventions held: in. the different parts of  the world, and the concensus of opinion ot those entrusted with responsibility  for tho public utterances of trade  unions.    Trade unionism  Is subject to  much   varied    and .some   .-.marvellous  criticism. ' On  the one hand,  It is denounced as a dangerous and disturbing  element In    Industry,    a . mischievous  social force that seeks to overturn the  peace  and  order, 'while  on   the   other  hand many people who are fond of .ca.II-  [ ing themselves radicals,' lose, no.;oppor-  I tunity of branding the trade union as  conservative,   hide-bound,    retroactive,  I fakir-led 'and  other pleasant epithets:  J the harsher the epithet used the more  ; palpable  the evidence  is  supposed   to  ; be of superior wisdom and infallibility  on the part of the users.    It Is highly  probable  that  here, as elsewhere,  the  truth   may   be   found   dwelling  somewhere between the two extremes, and  [that neither the Philistines nor the Ir-  | reconci'iblesare altogether Just In their  attacks.    To  begin   at  the  beginning,  I what Is a trade union?   Reduced to an  ��� elementary proposition,  It  Is  a  union  'of craftsmen, upon craft lines, for the  j promotion  of craft  interests.  |    It  is not  a; political    party,  not  a  j theological creed, not.a  revolutionary  propaganda, not a theoretical experi-  ' ment In economics.. It is-essential that  j tills distinction be borne in mind,  for  ' much  of  the   outcry  against   the  so-  I called.conservatism of the trade union  1 has  no  sounder basis  upon  which   to  rest than Its refusal to go beyond Its  legitimate  scope.    The  trend    toward  specialization qfJ|unctojisJsjne_ot tlni  lire'the' relative degrees of merit possessed by these �� arlous schools of  thought or to analyze their defects, if  ;they have any, but merely ti> formulate  Ihe policy of the trade unions���the  ���fither divisions, us expressed by the  leaders of trade union thought and  ���action. While it Is undoubtedly true.  that it is hardly possible to '..lefine a  "hard and last trade union policy, -to  ��ay that such a thing may and such  si thing may not be entered upon by a  trade union because any ���institution  ���made up of thinking beings must possess a certain degree of flexibility and  lie the arbiter .of its own courts'?���yet,  ���nevertheless It Is by   no   means dilli-  "mostunl versal~of~ai niie~laws govern -  lng, evolution of the social organism.  Thus, in a primitive social state a man  Is .his own tailor, shoemaker, baker,  lawyer and policeman. As society becomes more complex, not only are tlie  trades and professions differentiated,  but these divisions themselves are subdivided, so that a craftsman will make  possibly the hundredth part of a shoe,  the lawyer deal entirely with one class  of cases, the physician become a specialist of one class of diseases, and so  on. Everywhere this law holds good-  la biology, In government, nnd in the  voluntary: associations of men, where  we find  lu-day such'ties for doing al  most everything under the sun, from  ther collector's of postage stamps to the  overturning of kings; fronnbug collecting to the establishing ot co-operative  commonwealths.     Now the numatolo-  glst may be a most zealous nihilist, and  the bug collectors have an abiding faith  .In their dream of ii community where  poverty shall cease.to exist, but these  worthy people would hardly be deserving of censure for neglecting to identify  the functions of their stamp and bug  societies with .something- entirely different.   Yet on a par with, this is the logic  of  those .who .would  divert  the trade  union from its proper work: who would  apply political tests to' trade union membership; ivlio would set the machinery  of trade unionism to catching llre-flys  in red clay swamps, and who rail at  trade   unionists   as-iJ>elns--content   In  seeking  to achieve; what: they superciliously denominate as pallatives and'  makeshifts. The .first essential of/sound  trade unionism to my mind is that It  shall obtain the fullest concert of action in craft affairs, and bitter experience has. amp'y proved that this can  only  be  accomplished   by  rigidly   respecting  Individual' liberty  of opinion  in all matters.   It thus holds as a cardinal principle that a man's religion Is  his own business,,his politics Is his own  business, : his personal  relation.'outide  of, his sphere as a craftsman are his  own business.   He may worship at the  altar of Jehova or the shrine of Buddha, follow Annie Bessant in the search  of theosophical nirvana, he may follow  the placid Altruism of Christian socialism or the militant optimism of social  democracy,  but  these  things are not  trade unionism and no concern of trade  unionism._whlch_has_ltS-own���work. to  "do and its own problems to solve. It  Is true that the activities of life overlap each other, react upon each other,  Influence each other for good or ill.  and thus trade unions as such oftentimes make excursions upon debatable  ground, dabble In politics, pass resolutions upon subjects which are none of  their business, but opportunism is pre-  vaslve with all except fanatics and  zealots, and the logic of events is reasonably sure to bring back the trade  union compass to the north pole of absolute tolerance for Individual opinion  In political andsocliil affairs. Tho platform of trade unionism Is broad enough  lor believers In most Isms.   It has done  much to reconcile race and creed antagonisms' formerly used to divide -and  weaken the workers. And this breadth  Is only possible'by the exercise of that  spirit' of toleration /which refuses to  coerce men In their individual social  reform creeds.  'But���and mark    this   carefully���the  tradeunlon does not assume to be the  beginning and the end of the social reform movement.    It does not: tell its  members that hey have done their entire duty as men'and citizens because  i they attend unlori meetings regularly,  keep their dues paid up, serve faithfully on committees, live up to the scale  of prices and work'zealously to promote  the  interest  of- trade  unionism.  Thls.Js the trade unionist's duty, and  furnishes a measure of activity very  often not lived up to by the average  trade-unionist.   But the thinking man  is something more than a printer or  fl. carpenter or a cigar-maker.    He Is  a citizen of this Dominion, and must  decide for himself as to what his duty's in this capacity.   He is a unit in the  great social organism, and must decide  for himself whether he can best expend  his surplus social energies in trying to  convert his fellow-social units to socialism,  anarchism,  or any.   other    ism.  ,   Allj ...that  trade  unionism  claims  the  right to say is:   While you are a'trade  unionist, at least be a trade unionist,  instead of some other kind of an.1st,  sneaking behind the trade union mark.  The trade union policy further maintains that the craft organization, by its  record of achievement, has demonstrated its right to govern craft "affairs."' It  says, Hands off I to those who attempt  to tamper with the economic Integrity  =o(Uthe^crafu.organ!satidns.=.It-lias=no=  use for those peculinr advocatts ot" so-  called radicalism who carry in one hand  a  banner  emblazoned   with   the   lofty  sentiments of "brotherhood and fraternity," while on the other they bear the  dagger  of  the  assassin    which   they  strive to plunge Into the vitals of trade  unions.   Trade unionists has all respect  for  the sincere  socialist,  but  the organiser  of   dual   trade   societies,     the  "rat" and the "scab," Is no less contemptible, because h�� seeks to shelter  himself  In   the  folds  of  the red  ling  nnd  proclaims  himself the apostle of  a new and : grander dispensation.    As  the organisation which  has  held   the  actual  lighting line on  the Industrial  battlefields; for generations,, it -refuses  to concede the right of doctlnaries or  theorists to'order. It" from, the trenches  or to "insult the flag of'trade, unionism  which has waved over ' many . a hard  won victory and been 'sanctified by the  sacrifice of so" many thousands of devoted  followers.     ;"  :; (To be continued.)  THE HUMAN HEART.  (By Qulen Sabe.)  The worthiest an'd- doubtless the most  Interesting .and    profitable    study   to:  man  is, and  will  forever .be,  his own  heart.   There, in the compass of a few-  inches, we. find united all. the wonders  of creation; yes, we might say, the cen-,  tre of the universe itself.   To describe  It with a few words or trying to sound  Its depths by the means of human language would be a task as thankless as  Its execution would be Impossible.   Just  as well might wotry to lift .up the curtains of our destiny or to discover and  peep   Into-, the  mysteries    of    nature  through the means of our telescopes.  The numberless^host of celestial bodies  we see majestically move In. eternal and  pre-destlned order, enraptured we now  listen to the song of the spheres, now  stand appalled  Into  expectant  silence  by the  threatening of some heavenly  catastrophe, still without comprehending the why and wherefore of the silent  coming and  going,    volving and   revolving of all these myriads of worlds,  the smallest of which If running against  our earth    would,  as with a breath,  extinguish   the   flariie  of  life  forever.  "The winds blow with restlessjvlolence  'ouiid=th"e^pelidant-wbrtd;''~vIience do"  they come, and'whither do'they go?  And how does It all swarm and throb  with never-ceasing, restless life, the  tiniest and most diminutive of which  Is fitted out and constituted In such  a perfect and miraculous manner as  to puzzle the brain of our philosophers  who patiently watch the spider weave  and learn wisdom of the ant. What  do we know about our own heart, and  how..can we ever presume to judge the  actions of others, If our own actions  appear often strange and Incomprehensible to us, looking back at them  In later times'* How many changes In  a day, yes, In an hour, let alone In a  whole lifetime,  from  hope  to despair  and from despair: back to hope again?)  How many disappointments and heart-/  breakings replaced' oft in the. twinkling!  of ii moment, and without anyappar-  ent cause whatever, by purest joy anil  serenest happiness.. Now in the blackest of possible bad humor arid, miserable beyond  the-power of expression, :  now- again laughing at a mere nothing.'.-  and. taking, delight and consolationfbyi  working' Bit a. purring cat or watching!  some dog, whirling many around in thei  vain  endeavor, to catch his  own : tail-  Such are some: of the aspects of'. our ;  own   heart,   multicolored  and   forevetl  varying   like   the  constellations   of  al  kaleldescope eet in motion by some un-<  seen power.    One. day" we  hate, each.'  other, despise every, living:and. moving;  .  thing,   ourselves. Included,''5 and ���-crave!.',  nothing  but  annihilation  and  contin-f  ual  forgetfulness, while/the  next day,  weSare fitted up.'to overflowing-With!  heay'enly charity, that sees nothing-but  virtues   and   amiable   qualities , where ,  we discovered before Intolerable vices,  a charity that bears everything, suffers;  everything, understands everything and-.  regards ;��� our very ��� enemy as, the ,unfor- ;  tunate and sincerely-to-be-pitled victim)  of adverse circumstances. , ,Of ten, -when-   .  all Its harmonies, seem, destroyed for-.  ever, and it appears black and desolate  like the ruin's of some "beautiful tern- ; '  pie, with its-columns broken down and1  its  idols all shattered,  then suddenly  springs  up a  new crop of    wondrousi  flowers' whose  sweet  perfume   Intdxi-    ..  cates   anew   our  starving   heart,   and1  calls back once more the days of long  forgotten youth and happiness.    Marvellous liuman heart!   The temple, of  tl^JjvJng^pd^and^he-battlefield^and'^  stamping ground of all the devils that  ever drew breath, what poet can ever  sing thy praises and what prophet cart  fathom thy mysteries?  STREET BAILWAT MEN'S PICNIC.  The street railway men intend holding their annual picnic about the middle of June. At their meeting, held on  the evening of April 27th, the following  couimtt'tee were appointed to arrange  the preliminaries: J. Barton, E. A.  Syndor, G. Beech,. H. 0. Thomas, A.  ���Ross, A. 0. Perry and ("!. I.enfesty.  This committee Is certainly most popular among our citizens.  Grand Mogul Tea is the tenderest buds plucked from the choicest tea  plants. After being perfectly cured it is packed in airtight packages by machinery.  Ask Your Grocer for It.  See the advertising window, 115 Hastings street east.  Save the advertising coupons in every package entitling you to  1  m THE INDEPENDENT  SATURDAY    -MAT 5,  1300  FAIR WAGES ARBITRATOR  Mr. D. J. O'Donoghue to Hx Men's  Wages nt Winnipeg.  Mr. D. J. CVDoiiop-hiiu, thf' well-  known labor 'advocate of Torniito, ar-  q-ivvil at Winnipeg- last week fvnm Ottawa, where he was eimiiiiissiiiiiiid by'  ���the ao-vi'miiieul lo v1"'1 ^ lii"il>'-'= *iml  visci'iTiiln' tlio curivnt r.ite of wages  ���winch it would be fall- tu compel the  ,,, cnliiii-uir on the St. 'Andrew's Itiiplds  a-iiipriivvmeiils I" pay. InK'iVHU'd in  labur matters nf the last thirty years,  ns he nas tio.-n. 'Mr. O'lionotclHi.; Is an  lappropriale pei-sun tn he churned with  ltJ'l-5 lusk. Fur i'li;hici.ii years lit: has  been elected to the li-Kl-'hulw committer of thf Trades' and Labor cuimcil of  .Toronto, and h.is been an aucivdiieci  iJv.'U.'S.ue lo every 'trades congress held  an Ciinaii'a. since lSV-. S'V:mi after Ills  arrival a l-'rco Press lvpurler saw Mr.  O'UniKigliue ami asked 'him if lie would  state the object of his Visit.   ,    '''.  Jlr. OVDoiicgliue replied: "1 am here  by instruction of the government lo  give effect 'to the resolution respecting  ���'current wages prevailing introduced  in parliament by ihe Hon. Mr. Mulock,  Ithc- object of whluh is tu provide that  .wage earners .shall receive from contractors on public works and ipiprove-  ' men is not less-than current rate of  -wasvs prevailing at ihe time the contract is awarded. In the past our  governments have demanded precedents  but0 now we have advanced-to H'he  fit.-ivje when we h-ivc a precedent fixed  5n* advance even of other countries In  Biis important particular. While providing what we understand as a fair  living wage for the worker no injustice is done to the contractor ���inasmuch  irs the rates are before him when he  ���tenders., The governmeiifji scheme,  '���'���however, is designed especially in defence of our work people, who from  "bitter experience have often found  ".Shal-they get the worst of it in many  matters of this kind. The experience  ot some of the laborers on the Crow's  . Nest Pass railway work showed the'  wisdom of making such a provision." ..  ���'���Utit that was nol a 'noverniiienl  ���Work?"  "Itwas in the sense that It received  public aid and this'resolution'applies  Ito all suoh cases. 11 will apply to all  railways receiving government aid. Jl  ���must be well understood that this i'e-  ���solution covers, not only works under  ���the immediate control of the government, but also ���.applies to all works to  ���which Dominion aid is given."  ���'Judging from your visit tlio work  Ss going on then?" .  "Ves, I understand the work is going on without delay, butit is essential  ,to fisrt,settle this question of wages."  :. The following is thy.government' re-  '���Eolutlon, the object of which. 111*.  O'Donoghue Is retained by thy government to. promoter.  "That all government contracts  should contain such condition as'-will  prevent abuses, which limy arise from  (the sub-letting dt" such, contracts, and  : that every effort should be made to secure the payment ol" such wages as are  generally accepted as current in each  ���trade for competent, workmen in the  Bistrlct where the work Is carried out.  and that this House cordially concurs  fin such-policy, 'and'deems If ���the duty  of the government: to take immediate  steps to give effect thereto,' It .is here-  Iby declared that the work to which the  ���foregoing policy shall apply ino.luaes  not: only work ���undertaken by the government itself, but also'all works aided  ���by'grant'of Dominion public funds."  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will  kindly notify   The   Independent.  THU  UMiOR  "PLATFORM.  At the ISI'S session ot the Dominion  Trades and Labor congress held in  Winnipeg, the following platonn was  adopted. Wo would especially commend It to the consideration ot the  workers of I'rltlsh Columbia at the  present lime:  I. Free compulsory education.  ���!. Legal working djiy of eight hours  and six days a week.  **. (ioverntnent Inspection ot all industries.  A. The abolition of the'contract system on  all  public'works.  Ii. A minimum living wage, based on  local conditions.  li. Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telegraphs, waterworks, lighting, etc.  7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on industry and increasing It on land  values.  S. Abolition of the Dominion senate.  9.- ICxclusion of Chinese. ' ���>  10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, on all  government supplies.  II. Abolition of child labor by children under 11 years of age; and ot female labor in all branches of industrial life, such as mines, workshops,  factories, ote.  12. Abolition of property qualification  for all public ollices.  13. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  14. Proportional representation arid  the cumulative.vole, t  15. .Prohibition ot prison labor in  competition  with free labor.  THE INTBRNATIONIAlL, CORRESPOND.  BNOB Schools of Scranton, Pa., Is far  the^homo study of industrial science,  taught by mail. Apply Geo. H. Skefilng-  ton, room 4, Lefevro block, Vancouver. P.  O. box 513.       *���        ���  H. J. Stubbs  -1)1'"A1.|-It IX-  Diamonds, Rings,  Watches, and Clocks.  Sterling Silver,  Electro-Plated Goods.  Special Attention Given to all  AMERICAN   FEDERATION  OF LABOR   PLATFORM.  1,  il THE PASSING OF THE TRUST.  i Sired by greed, dammed by. desire.  And lo the trust was born. .,Reared in  Jaw-less Iniquity.- bathed in the tears  of countless women and .children, and  ���matured in the sweat and blood of  millions.-ot' tollers. Is it any wonder  jthat progress stands back'.' What ,1s a  '���trust? '"When combines, monopolies or  ���millionaires join together for the purpose of controlling any , </f the neces-  Baries of life, they form a fifty-million:  ���or perhaps a billion-dollar combine and  call it a trust. (They should, call It  'distrust.') After the trust Is formed,  jexperts ire set to work for the purpose of finding out how much the peo-  j>e can possibly pay for the article con-  'Itrolled. A fair and just profit Is not  even thought of. if the people are  prosperous,' this modern Frankenstein  takes prusiieVlty_by--tlie throat, and In  Sts place leaves "poverty���hmw''-"an<!"-  misery. The trust as it is known today is of American origin, but although  the Unite* States is its stronghold, our  cousins across the border cannot by  uny means claim a monopoly on them.  The whole world is ��� their Held of action, and could some enterprising scientist put a meter on. every sunbeam,  then the moat gigantic or air trusts  would be formed. II' a curtain could  be placed across the moon, ir every star  hi the firmament could be pushed back  or brought nearer at will, if the atmosphere could be controlled, the elements  harnessed, and 'the tides forced buck,  then the "moon would only shine, the  stars twinkle, our breath come and go,  the rain would only full, the lightning  Hash, llie wind blow, and Ihe tides ilo-w  and ebb at 'the bidding of the trust.  And iieor'.llng to ability to pay, we  would live or ilk. It Is very -tinill to  V��t at the books of the trusts. On the  subject ot dividends they are generally  silent jr the grave, but 'here are the  earnings ot some of Ihe principal trust  companies of New York cliy for the  yean 1S93: Central Trust, 103 per cent,  dividend; Farmers Loan 'ft TrtiRt. S3  per cent, dividend; N. Y. Life Insur-  nince & Trust. SO per cent, dividend;  Union Trust, 78 -per cent, dividend; U.  S. Mortgage & Trust. Ii2 per cent, dividend; State Trust, SO per cent, dividend; U. S. Trust, 157 per cent, dividend;  Mercantile Trust, 44 per cent, dividend;  Manhattan Trsst, 42'/.. per cent, dividend; New York 'Security Trust, 41 per  cent, dividend: Continental Trust, 41  per cent, dividend; Guaranty Trust, 40  per cent, dividend.  Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the initiative and referendum.  3. A legal work day of not more than  eight  hours.  4. Sanitary inspection ot workshop,  mine and home.  5. Liability of employers for injury  to health, body or life.  G. The abolition of the contract system in all  public works.  7. The abolition of the sweating sys-:  tern;  S. The municipal ownership of street  cars, waterworks, gas and electric  plants for the public distribution of  light, heat, and power.  9. The nationalization of the tele-.,  graph, telephone, railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land., holding and substitution therefore a. title of occupancy and  use'.'"-inly-. ���  11. Repeal,of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and otherworkmen Incorporated in the federal and  state laws of the United States.������     ;  32. The abolition of, the. monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a- system of direct issuance to and. by the people/.  A writer, la the -Montreal '-Herald"  rather 'acutely suggests that It Is remarkable that while the upholders, of  the Darwinian theory of evolution are,  as theologians, almost to it man anti-  Calvinlsis, yet the principle of "natural  selection" is itself a confirmation of ihe  Calvinistlc doctrine of election. John  Fish,iiu his book, "Through Nature to  Nature's God," says: "The principle  ot natural selection Is in one respect  Intensely Calvinistlc; it elects the one  and daz2S3 tSe 99."  The E'.Bhop of Montreal agrees wllh  Metheslst discipline on one very important point, for he is emphatic in  warning confirmation .-���'-.' candidates  against the theatre,and dancing, which  he recently denounced at Sabrevols ''as  two of the greatest agencies for doing  the work of Satan In the world," In  this utterance his LtJrdship takes a far  more rigid view than Anglicans in general, who do not avoid the theatre and  regard without disapproval dancing in  the presence of parents or other responsible and respectable persons.  There are spots even on the. sun-and  Glasgow well ruled and wonderfully  progressive city though she is, has  now to set her house in order, with a  view to a large lessening of local intemperance. The Police Court record of  ili'e^fO\\Mi~sTiows-th"e"-nvOrst-reeord=for  charges of excessive drinking of any  city in the United Kingdom. Liverpool  being next on the list in this respect.  One British-industry which might certainly with general advantage be considerably lessened is that of the distiller, it being notable that there is far  less drunkenness,,where light wine or  beer is a commoner beverage than  whisky, jrin or brandy.  The.Toronto "World" raises a hole  of alarm about the Influence of corporations over the Provincial Legislature.  All kinds of powers derogatory of public rights nre granted, 'tin the "World"  says, by the Ontario Legislature. The  Toronto journal wishes to heaven that  the*! were a strong second Clud'ter In  Ontario, Inioked by a. Governor endowed with strong powers of v��io over injurious legislation.  An English or rather Aiiglo-Israellto  firm operating In the Orient���Messrs.  Samuel Samuel & Co.. has, after close  competition.with a rival American bidder obttiinod from Japan, a. monopol  of Formosa's camphor supply for ten  years. Hlg security has to'be given,  the firm being bsund to Invest JflOO,-  000 for this purpose In Formosan bonds  and to provide a working tfajrital of  51,700,000. However there will be h-uga  profits realized out o�� the concession.  It Is remarkable, that with rare ex-  ceptlons, such*big opportunities as that  of the disposal of Formosa's iMiniphor  yield, fall to the shrewd money men  of Israel.  ��� *  Repairing  -1-14 Westminster Avenue,  fopp. City Hull)  STOCK-TAKING  ��  Toys* Dolls, and  fancy -Ooods, Etc  JfSSC'  ��� ^*-> o  ��03 Hastings St.;  Hardie & Thompson  Marine mill Gonisnil     --^  Consulting "Mechanical Engineers ,  KM Cordova St. W., Vanccuvkk, b. 0. Tut.. Vi!7  '.?* Patentees juul designers of the Hurdle-  ���& Thompson water tube boiler, new hbrh  ������i speed reversing engine.-!, nnd special:  Jininchinory in .light sections for initios..  l'KOW-I.I.KIl!' DKSIONTN.    KXIilX'rSi INIIICATKII AND  AltJUSTKII.  Soleiigents in R. C. and X. \V. Territories for  the I'nilcil Flexible Metallic, Tubing Co., l.lil.,  London, Kug. .  ���ayllKN* fe'Ul'SCIHLNG l-'Olt A^>--^.  -   War Book   -  See that it is the best, the  Library of South Africa  '���BV PllOK.yM.li:KBSilK,' ...  nnd get the ngents's guiinintee Hint It is  Our Edition.  . ,      Anil you will mnko no inisdiko.;  J. M. MacGregor Publishing Company,  Vimcouvor, Jl.(J.  MJSCIIKS I'UT ui*..  C'ATKKINIi A Hl'KCIAI.TV.  "Confectioner.  A full line o( CiiNtTnioNKRv iiml  1'AsrKIK-..  Ece Cream Delivered.  11:; Haitimii Kritr.i.T  ViMouviai, 11. <;.  WK  Nkw  are Pivocl. Imi-oiitkiis  Hats and Ties  Page Ponsford Bros.  (JO.") llustiii"sS(,.  H. A,  I fig*, tor life ��  "        B53a��t�� ��?  ft a ��mji_  ���tuio to taotitva jrott- In  IMaumbly Si iihfiV ftotiai  yt* 9* Mmpanb of 1BSS I Ufiiranna  RB7 Bd&trehM to bitrtU (��Bittil.prl*clpl6s.  ���ail you 014 m* tbe honor to cliooie. me  m* one ot yottr ���teprosentMUes, Since  fbat clectfon I btte coatliftntlj tahsrcS  to those principles and atlll staoa by ttram.  ���ffhoo'l accepted otace as Attcraejr-Oeo-  , -Qlsl to Mr. Semlln's admlnll-Cgatro-a, Ton  trere kind enflugb again co'ceforu mo bx  fcccl��matlon.  .   I*i  a  member ot   the QGYeranont, J  iODk an oCUpe part durlnt the'union ot  899 tn pladDg Upon tna statbte book  Vglaletlo^ ctrrjlnt.out, as Mr BB It went,  hose principles. I tcet 40U0 Mte lay say  lng that tho wort done by too Bemlln'  OorernmeBt and Its .enpporUra during thit  session was eminently satisfactory to tlio  electors of this. Province, -n-noso votes  placea that Government In power, I look  back with pride and sstl-ifactton to the  part which I took In connection with taat  work.  ' The members of the Government, continued apparently to work together in the  most harmonious manner until the Dead-  jean's Island dispute arosV. In connection with that matter you will remember  that 1 placed myself In' your, bands. My  colleagues, Messrs. ilneplcrson and. Tls-  pall talao agreed ts be guided In that dls;  pute by the wlsbes of their constituents.  Mr. Cotton, on the other band, took a  firm stand against any- settlement or arrangement of the matter until the question ot the ownership of the land had  been decided by the courts.  Toe very slight progress made In the  suit then Instituted shows that tbe litigation would probably not be completed!tor  8   number   of years.  This difference between Mr. Cotton and  myself produced some friction in the Government, but, apart from-that dispute, I.  never hud the slightest intimation from'  Mr. Somllu or any of my other colleagues  pf any -dissatisfaction- whatever with re-  -rd to my actions until tbe 1st day of  July, 189(1, when Kir. Semlln neremptorlly  ssu'd for iny resignation, giving three  teutons, all of which 1 can safely say  r/ere regarded by the public at large as  fxtremely  frivolous.    I  refused to  resl'gn  Snd asked for a caucus of . Government  nnnorlurs to consider' what' should be  one under the circumstances.  Last session It was stated by Mr., Cotton. In the House, that I hud tacitly  fgiceu to he bound by the decision of this  raucus, and should have continued to support the Government when the decision  was ngulnst rue. T-hls statement Is very  ivlile Indeed from the truth. The gentlemen who were present at tn,c. caucus will  remember that I stilted most distinctly  that If the decision went against met  could   no  longer  support the  Government  J wBleH f loblblte^. 1  -UhtB from tos m  Qombany, (ok a crown  fttsMdj-v  Mr. Cotton wsi not prepared to Hand  by tbe prlnclploi ot the party In connjet-  tlon with tbese two matters, aid tor tbe  purpose ot putting Into effect bis views  with regard to tkem, saw clenrl* that It  was necessary to get rid ot me.  With regard to tbe disallowance nt the  labor Regulation Act, my contention was,  and atlll Is, tbat the Provincial Legislator.* ebould at the earliest moment-have  been brought together for tbe special purpose of w-enactlng this statute, In order  to  (how  tbe   Dominion  Government   and  tbe people ot tbe other Provinces tbat this  question It oot  "  this Province.  luittron la considered a most vital one In  With regard t�� tbe land subsidy ot the  British Conunbla Southern Railway Coin-  pony, when the application was made, I,  as Attorney-General, looked Into the Question with* great care, and came to tbe  conclusion .that the railway company bad  not compiled with the conditions laid  down In tbe statute granting the subsidy,  nnd that therefore the Government bad  no right.or power to Issue the grant. .  No one can be more Impressed than I  am with the sacredness of a contractual  obligation. I quite admit tbat, no matter  how Improper tbe action of the Legislature may hare been In granting to tbe  B. C- Southern Kajlway Company their  land subsidy, still tho Province Is bound  by their action, and ��� the only enquiry  that can be made Is whether the railway  company have compiled with the conditions Imposed by the statute In question.  If they hoyc not done so, then It appears  to me clear that It Is tbe duty of the Government to stand by tbe rights of tbe  Province.  1 reported to the Government my opinion that tbe conditions of the statuteahad  not been complied with, and suggested  that, as the amount involved was extremely large, It would be advisable to-obtain  tne-best legal opinions available. 1 was  authorised by tbe Government to.do so,  and  submitted the  case to  Mr.   Hnlflane,  S.C., of- London, England, and t*Q Messrs.  hrlstophcr Robinson, Q.C., and B. B. Osier, Q.C., of Toronto. Mr. Haldane's  opinion was inclined to be against ,my contention, but he stated that he thought tbe  case was a proper one to be brought before the court. Messrs..Robinson and'Osier on tbe contrary, gave a very strong  opinion that my contentions-was correct,  and tbnt the  Government  were not ��� com-  fielled, even it they were permitted, to  ssuc tbe crown grant under the circumstances.  It may be that their opinion Is not correct, but my contention Is tbat, .n the  face of my opinion. ns Attorney-General,  supported by lawyers of their eminence,  the onlv course open to the Government���  If It was to be guided by: the principles  and would deem It. my duty to.take every | which it was chosen to represent���wns to  means In my power to bring about their j refer the matter to the courts, and, after  defeat. ������'���-' t   the  highest  court of appeal had ueclded.  As the caucus, by a very slight major.   "j*'  strictly   In  accordance  with  that deity. Rlih'il with Mr. Semlln, I at once ten-    cision.  dered luv. resignation,'and announced puo- As soon as I bad been got out of tbe  'llcly Ihnt 1 must bo considered aaoppon- way. and before a new Attorney-Genera.  wut of the Government. ������ had  been  appointed,   Mr,   Cotton  at  once  "iii<sr .irlm- fc.Hi.-ini...tlrur of the House, proceeded.to Ignore the above considers-  you" wi r?e1ne,nbel!umt1'f caUd ameer'. &��&����������� "J. ,��l��0 "����PS�� ^"2!  W.of my supporters in the, city of v an- W.���� <*����. 1.niL*iJ{1n^aJ?��t1^?;2??/<!!S  eotivcr,/and .-submitted, my'position to of coal iand.,^whh!b., Tarn informed, are  them. I stated tbnt It was my intention, worth many.millions of dollars. --  If iiuj-slblc' to detent the Government with With regard to the Mongolian labor  u vi-jw to bringing iiliout a geuernl'elec- question, the Government refused to adopt  tlon. I Kiire-iiir n-iisoiis for tblB course, the policy which I advocated, and met the  and nlso stilted th'nt If my supporters dls- House without any proposition as to are-  agreed witn my proposed action, I would enactment of the disallowed statute. c,  At once resign nnd allow llieui to choose ^be action of the Government after I  * representative who would act in nc- I left It, with regard to the matters referred  conlnnce with their wishes.-, Xbef meeting"-'to "In"-His Honor's letter of dismissal of  wus very large ami representative, and a : Mr. Semlln, also affords strong proof. that  resolution whm pnssed without, a dlssen-,: 1 was.rlghtlu my opinion that I had been  "tii-nt voice, expressing'entire-approval of---'removed from >tbe Government In order to  my Intended opposition to the Govern- , enable Mr. Cotton to carry out bis rcac-  ��n��ut. i tlonnry   Ideas,  und practically nullify the  1 had nlrendv Informed' members of the | legislation  which  we had enacted  In tbe  Opposition  in  the  House   that,   while  my    session  of 18IW.  Winclptes were the same ns they had One of the most Important acts that  been, and I hud-no sympathy with their' was - passed'-In'1809 was'tbe TorrcnB Re-  .ylews upon political questions, still I uud I glstrv Act. i Up to the time that I left  a common object with them In-wishing to ��� tne Government active preparations were  'bring . about' the... defeat--o.f Mr. ��� hemlln s ; being made to bring ; this statute Into  Government.; nnd I hud assured them that 1 force; but evidently nothing whatever baa  If they -stood "together 1 would be found | been done since, and apparently the Gov-  worklnit liuriiioulouslycswlth them for that.. eminent hiul decided to nullify the action:  .purpose only. ...-;.,. | of  the  Legislature  by neglecting  10 Issue  The   cnns'jiiuent   detent   of   the   Govern- ! the necessary  proclamation.  nienl. and the Invitation of His Honor the       Again   It  was  proposed by the Govern-  .Llviili-iiiint-Guvci'iiiir to myself to form a    ment after I left It to expend a sum'of  (loverniiient,   are  t'resli.lii your minds.    I  lB|,out   -*400.000   In   purchasing   from   the  -nci-epted'the:-task  from  His  Honor upon    Cunoilliin   Puclflc   Rullway   Company   the  eondillon  that  I should lie .-granted a ills- .; land   grant   claimed  to  huve been  earned  vuhitlon of the present House; nnd, ln'ac- j by   them ' In   building   the   Columbia   and  - i'(irdiinra  with  this understanding,-'a. gen-    Western   Railway.     In -mv   opinion,   this  .��rul"I'lectlun will take place us soon us it ] proposition   wub   entirely   In   the'  Interest  cuii.e-niiveiih.-ntly.be held. ", I of. the  Railway Company, and overlooked  It bus been charged thilt my action  In    altogether the Interests of the people.  opposing  Mr.   Soiiillii'8 Governineut,  after  ������"    :  my expulsion from it. wns .actuated by in appealing to'yon as the Premier of  (personal feelings ngulnst Mr. Cotton. I the "Pitivliiee, I beg to lay before you the  There   Is  no  truth  whatever  In  this  Rug-'    ���  ���- -  -��� -.  gestion.     1   hnve   oppused   and   helped   to  ���JP" b��< tnide  . _.��� tetp nil grltva ._.....  npeetlod wl^h Its operation- with -a vK  ..   ..._JBaV   K   b��, tnide by tha Minister  all 1  '  " -  defeat   Mr.   Semlln's  Government  because  1   believed  that   It  no  longer   represented '  the principles which I bad espoused,. j  '   It  must   be  clear  to-everyone that  the '  frivolous masons given by Mr. Semlln for  my   dlHinlssnl   had  behind   them  real   reasons   of .a   substantia!   elinrncter, mid   1 |  think'that subsequent events have shown !  what these reasons were. .     I  -'I.attribute  Mr.   Seiullii's action,  not to!  his own desire, but to Mr. Cotton.    I am ���  satisfied that in his heart Mr. Cotton did I  not  agree   with   the   thorough"manner  In '  which   the   Government     anil   the ' House, 1  carried out tlielr pledges in the session of  lSSI!); and he knew full well that as long I  us  I   remained  n   member of the  Oovern-  lueut, similar'netlan would be taken with  regurd to every question that enme before  ^ It- ' ��� "     ;    >' ."'..."        I  At  the  time  that  the   trouble  occurred  there   were   two   matters  of  vitnl   ltnpor- :  Innee to tills Province pending before the  D��\eminent,   as   to   which,   the   course  to  - be���adopted���wns_ cU-.'irly pointed _ont__ by_  nferencc  to  the   principles  which  It  was  Supposed  to  represent.    -  TlicM'  inntters were, llrst,  the disallowance   ot  tbe  Labor ltegulutlon Act,  1BUS,  Spring Bias Come !  TAKB  Your Babies  WHITE  winnxsiu: anii I!i:taii. iif.ai.kh in  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  I'liiiiily trade n specialty,   ttuods dcllu-rcd  free t. all ptirt-t <>f the rily.  37 Hastings Street,     -      -    Vancouver, B. C.  Sue Goo. J wine's Out-door  vases, and got ono for your  lawn.   Rear World oHico.  14 Cordova S|.  WHY lil'Y riictory.iniule shnes Unit are llllle  better (htm paper, when you enu haieti  pair ol  Custom-made for $3.50  Itcady-niaile or inndo tn'llt your feet.  H. HAKVKY,  -jll) I'endurSt., butneen Richards uud iieyiiiour.  platform of tbe new Government as fob  lows;,  1. The nlidlitlon of the $200 deposit for  candidates for the Legislature.  :  ���.*. The bringing Into force, as soon as  arrangements can be: completed, of the  Torrens Registry system.  3. The Redistribution of the constituencies on the biiHls of population,- allowing  to sparsely populated districts a-proportionately larger representation tbau to  populous districts und cities.  4. The enactment of au. accurate system  of. Government scaling of. logs, and Its  rigid'enforcement.     , -    -' -:  fi. The re-enactment of the - disallowed  Labor ltegulutlon Act, 1898, nnd also all  the statutes of 189U, containing nnti-Mon-  gollnu cliiuses if disallowed as proposed  by  the  Dominion Government.  6. To take a firm stnnd In every other  possible way with n view of discouraging  tbe s[ireud of Oriental cheap labor In  this Province.        :  7. Tu provide for olllclnl Inspection of  nll_biilldliigs, .machinery_nnd_workH, with  u view lo compelling the adoption of proper safeguards to Hfc and health.  8. \�� i'i regard to the Eight-hour Law  tbe Government will  continue to enforce  A GOOD VIEW  tntp all grlt-faneet pat tonraid  ....   -Uodwtttilfa operation, with �� t"  ot bringing about an arfiteable, settleca  if no settlement la reached the prlncl;  dt the referendum will be applies and  rota*taken at tbe general election aa U  whether the law shall be repealed.   If thi ,  ���law la sustained by tbe vote It trill b�� r* ,  "talutd upon the statute book with Ita f*��  alty clause.    If mddlflcattoni can be ma&  removing any  of    tbe  friction    bronchi  about,  without Impairing the principle ��4  the law, they will bo adopted.   It tbe nt>  Is against It the law irlll be repealed*  0. To're-establish the London AgencJ  British Columbia,-and to tako avert ��  fectlve means of bringing before tho uw  Ish   public   the  advantages  ot  this   *~  vlnco, as a place fee the profltabie Id'  ment ot capital.  to. The retaining of the reaeareeo af  Province as an asset for the benefit ..  the people, and taking, effective measures'  to prevent the alienation of tho'pubtU  domain, except to actual settlers or tea  actual bona fide business, or Industrial  purposes, putting an end to the practli  of, speculating In connection with U��  same. a  11. The taking ot active measures JMI  the' systematic exploration of the �����*  vlnce.  12. The borrowing of money for the ptfa>  poie of providing roads, trails and brldgar  provided that in every case the jflone  necessary to pay the Interest- and siskin_  fund In connection with the' loan shall be  provided by additional taxation so as un  to Impair the credit of the Province.  cl8. In connection with the constructlat(  of-Govepnmcnt roads and trails; to prevlta  by the employment of competent) civil e��  glneers and otherwise tbat' the Qaveraa  ment money Is expended, upon sorae> s*t>  tem which will be advantugeons to tn  general public, so that the old system ea  .providing roads as a special,favor t�� on]  fiorters of tbe Government may be estlr  y discontinued.  14. To keep the ordinary annual exnsi  dlture within the ordinary annual revenni  In order to preserve intact tbe credit  tbe Province, which Is Its best asset.  15. To adopt, a system of Qovemmi  construction and operation of rallwa,  and immediately to proceed with the1 C<  struc.tlon of a railway on tbe south sli  ot the Fraser river, connecting the coasi  with the Kootenay district, with the nr  derstandlmr that unleSB tbe other rallwa]  now constructed In the Province give tall  connections', and make equitable Join1  freight'and passenger arrangements, ����  Province will continue Hi's line to lb:  eastern boundary of the Province. Pt����J  per connection with such Kootenay ralW  way to be given to the Island of Vsncoe*"  ver. With respect to other parts of tkt-j  Province, to proceed to give to every p��s>[  tlon of It rallwny^councctlon at as earSg  a date as possible, the railway when eosW  structed to be operated by the aoTC*��l  ment through a Commission. ' i  10. A railway bridge to be construeteflf  In connection with the Kootenay rallwaN  across the Fraser river, at or near NeWI  ���Westminster, and running powers glvewS  over it to any railway company, nppiyloat  for tbe same, under proper conditions.      f  17. In case It Is tkouglft at any time adH  vlsable to -give a bouus to, any rnllwafL  company,- the snm'e to,be In cash, and nof|  by-way of,a land grunt; and no sucka  bonus to be granted except upon the eosrf  ditlon that a fair amount of tbe bonds et  shares of the company be transferred t��*  the Province, and effective means' taken  to give tbe Province control of tbef  freight and passenger rates, and nrorls*<*��|  made against such railway bavlngs ssJL  liabilities against It 'except; actual;eoet.   ,  18. To take away from the Lleiitensn^j  Governor-ln-Counell any power -o majMt  substantive changes In the law; .contlnlssa  the Jurisdiction entirely to matters of im-j,  tall In working out the laws enacted of*  the; Legislature.   -'      .   ���:���;���:--.'���������������  : 11). The establishment of an Instltntl'*  within the Province for the edncatloa ���q  the Deaf and Dumb, r ;   v  20. To repeal the Allen Exclusion Acfj  ascthe reasons Justifying Its enactment js��  longer obtain.     - I  21. An amicable settlement of the aitw  pute with the Dominion Government as MJ  Deudman's Island, Stanley Park and othrt  lands, uud. an arrangement with Mr. LnsV,  gate,--by which, If, possible, a sawmill l��H  dustry may be established and carried t%  on Deudman's Island, under sntlsfacteru  coridltlons, protecting tbe interests of ,tne  public.'" .'���:���.'. ...-'.-.���. :���: ���'���'������.        I  22. Proper means of giving technical Ism  structlon to   miners and prospectors. ,  In connection with recent events, _  criticism has been directed < against BUS  Honor the Lieutenant-Governor. It Is m*  duty to take the responsibility lor HW  Honor's action, and I ha��e not the slIgM-i  est hesitancy In so doing.  The Legislative Assembly dellberstsllri  voted want of confldeuce In Mr. Semi' i'm  Government. There were only two conrs������  open to Mr. Semlln: cither to ask lor B  dissolution or resign. He adopted neltberj  but asked for delay, and took up tbe timer  grunted to him lu endeavoring to t enU^  Into most vicious -and dishonorable ���***�����  rnngements with the members of the*  House who bud been elected to opposct  him, and who bad consistently oppose*  him until the .-'defeat- wns brought abonw  nud   whose   principles   were   directly r oje.  posed  to   Ills. :���        .���.���.'.������������������.���.������...'���.:<������'-������      t  No precedent exists In connection wltsu  the working of British representative In-1  stltutlons where In n case of that klno% ss  minlstrv has been allowed to hold poweg  by'-means'-ot votes thus obtained: \_anol  when Mr. Semlln unuounccd to His Hoart  or that he would be able to obtain a votss  of confldeuce from tbe House, the onl��  course open to His Honor wub that adopts  ed bv him, of dismissing his advisers.  In "addition to the above it appears frosB  Ills Honor's letter of dismissal that tnere-i  were ample reasons for that course. ea>��  tlicly apart from the vote ot want of cost*  fldeiicc ill the House.  |  I liuve"tbe~honor to-be.-geatlemeB, SSSS'-  obedient servant,     ' ,  JOSEPH MARTIN.  Si.UK- men tiro well clothad from one  pf-lnt of view, but j-ou .->ce thom ��t ��n-  i>thtr iniKle. nnd their ulothcn arc full of  wrinkles nnd crudity hpenka in all llneai  WK UNDWItSTAiND HOW TO CLOTHE  GUH CUfi'llXMKIRS so that back, front  or side view is equally correct and elc-  p-int. ' ��\  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordova Street.        (*  THE-^^^  Electric Light  U linu wilhin tlie ii'Hi'h nf <>\(>ryli(Ki>.  I'lh't'v hnve Itilclvlii'i'ti ri'ililt'Ctl. iiiitlilu!  It, f. IMi'i-iiIl llitlhvtiy Coinpniiy Imu)  Micii Hiii'Mtn o\cr tin1 rily. On not iloll.)*, tun iiisttill 11ml (������'ci 111-: OMA'IiHiin,  WJllrli IhiiliHillitt.'ly  Safe, Clean and  to-date.  If enreliillv lnnked lifter It Is cheaper  t linn I'onl oil, mid, fib I what a difference  in the evening.   Apply for rates ut thu  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts. SATURDAY MAY 5,  1900  The  store   that  gains  j-our confidence nnd keeps it does so by reason of giving honest value���dollar for dollar in every transaction.  CITY WOOD YARD  1*011 AM. ki.xns OF ."  ss Stovewood ss  THE INDEPENDENT  ii  IIAKKIS BTIIKET WlIAltl-*.  i*. kii,i-:y.  T15L. OSS. ,  Prop.  have won the' confidence of the .people by yonrs of full- dealing ...nnd  honest values. So aroint has this conlldeiiee becomo that tu remark "it  has come from the Hudson's i'iiy Stores" is synuniunnns with saying  "it Is the best obtalnablo.." We appreciated this position. We do all In  our power to maintain ii. Come to us with your wants; we can fill them.  TJiu fullness ol' the valuoo ymi receive will assure you more than uiiy-  ithing else, how ilruo our nssertlens are. '  Watch for special niiiiounconetiis In l'YIday evening's papers for  "Special Saturday Snaps." These bargains havo become household talk  in Vancouver. ���  Cranville street.  Vancouver's Most       ^.  Fashionable Tailor .  442~^>   Westminster Ave.  COST OF LIYIMi U PARIS  Great   Advance   During the Expos!-  lioa.  The Paris correspondent of the Xew-  Yoiic Tribune writes.as follows:  "The great question of the moment  for intending visitors to;,the Paris Ex-.  'bibltlon' is that'Of the prices to be paid  , for board and lodging. It is ah incontestable'fact'that the hotels and pen-'  :"-, sions, .wlilch are in sullleient number  to satisfy the ordinary season's requirements, will be totally. Inadequate  - to boarding and lodging the immense  floating population oC Exhibition'visitors and workers.    It Is almost com-  ���<> Ically amusing to find with what avl-  /; dity    the'  Parisian    householder  has  seized  upon  this- opportunity', to; reap  a golcJen harvest. .  Persons' of almost  .every'..' social    grade,    from ..the small  '��������� shopkeeper;who has two or three, bed-  '-...' room's to. spare to, the lady who is "at  'home"'for teas, receptions,0or,"musicals,"   are  turning^their  apartments  , and houses Into speculative undertakings for-money making.     Their  time.  :.' . will'be' shorjj1- their prices must.be high  :.itoj,-permit -them to gain all they hope  --.'.. for.    ; '       i- *'���        "'.;���" ii'.".'  "The choice of a pension or hotel is  ^���usually  determined  by the length  of  Vthe' traveler's purse;,In,ordinary times,  ��� one may: pay from three francs to forty  .francs a day for; lodging, only, accord-  ... ing to' the quartei'of the'eity, the lioor  ot;-:the hotel,  and .the  position,   back'  ,- or.front, of the room.    In some quarters a- fairly large    and., comfortable  room oh  the, second floor, looking on  '.'������the street may be had for four or.- five  'francs a.'day, while the same .price, in  ?;' the ;'.Fa.uberg. Si.vHonore'^.Tuileriesi-  ;���' boulevards,'-: arid .that  'neighborhood,  .. -would  barely; pay for a box-like room  in.the attics looking out oh'the courtyard.    'The normal  cost:of rooms in;  second and'third-class hotels, without  distinction   of  quarter,' may  be" reck-,  ��� oncd at three or four francs a day for-  ������' a, mod est ��� but: 'ciean room,, five .or six  ,  francs a day for,; a: large!' room fwith  small dressing closet,  and from: 25 -to  ,40 francs a. day for a bed and slttlng-  . room In a'first-class hotel.   If taken by  - the month, these prices, may :be reduced:, to from .70 to 2a0 francs "the  month.    This, however, need riot now  ,..."be: taken into  consideration,  because,  ,'������ generally .speaking, -no   single "rooms  .���will;bo letrby the; month during the  . Exhibition season!;   ;;;    :,;::;':;,.  ������"With regard to the choice of aquar-  ter to.liye in, the demand for accommodation in", the city .will,, be so 'great  ..that it. will be extremely diflifcult to  pick and choose, except in the case  .where money is no object. As a general gsi.de, it .'maybo said that those  who come here for pleasure and amusement,: should: try ..to procure rooms  iienr'the boulevards, between' the Madeleine: nnd, theBoulevard Poissoniere,  the 'Kue do Kivoli.' ./the.-, Avenue de  l'Opera and the Champ Ely-sees: business men will choose the quarter,- be-  . tweon the Halles .Centrales and the  .'.boulevards .east of the: Kue Montmnr-  ��� tre; literary men and bookworms' will  go to the Latin quarter, from the Seine  . to the Luxembourg." .  :��� '"At;first sight It might seem a difficult matter to; make, any trustworthy  .estimate of expenses of living before  the Exhibition opens.   ;Such; however,  slew and hotel keepers, amateur speculators and room-letters have already  established their scale of charges, and  the following lines may be relied upon  implicitly as containing true and precise information as to the cost of living between April and October. This  information has been gathered for the  readers of trie Tribune by personal inquiry from most varied sources.,    -  "The   kigh-elass  hotels   in   the  Hue  de  la  Paix.   the  Place  Vendome  and  the Champs Kljsees now charge from  1*5 francs  a^Jay for board: and  lodging ' tor'.sygSmaM  room,"   high  up,  two  meals.^lay, and < no wine:    Of these  small rooms there are few, the majority' being slightly  larger, in  size,   but  immensely larger in price.    After April  loth the price for the same rooms will  be  from   10   francs  upwards.     Hotels  on the boulevards, Avenue de l'Opera,  Avenue Frledland    and    similar positions as  for the same accommodation  from:20 francs per day.now, and from  30 francs upward after, opening.,:. In  other quarters, further;away.; from the  Exhibition,-'amusement' a��d    fashionable centres,, where the .present prices  range., from S to 20 francs''daily for a  full pension, terms'will be Increased to  from -10 francs upward after April 15th.  At one'large hotel-near the Exhibition  the  lowest tariff for board  and room  has   long'' been   fixed  at.,140j francs  a  week without wine, and nearly-; every  room  in   the   house  has  been : booked  for some time in advance.     So much  for, the hotels. ���-.-  '��� ;.: ;,   ''���'���  :*'A'mucli wider choice exists in family pensions or boarding houses on ac-  ��� count/, of   the   private- enterprise   already .alluded, to; '.'nevertheless,  prices  generally reach almost the^sanie dear-  ness.'    The   normal 'cost  of  living ' in  good  pensions and; quarters naturally,  occupied,:- by  the.' average, visitor' who:  ls:'no,twealthy is from about S francs  a, '"'day.,.;.; lip ward  for   roorii'and   board.  At.one well-khow-n,house in a: fashionable quarter,where 'this has"been/the  ruling: price;! all   the; year  round, .the  present charge is. 1-1 francs.daily 'until  jray, 1st; alterWhich it. will be raised  t��i>: 25; francs���that is to, say. niore than  triple tlie normal cost.     This may be  taken as tlie general price and'increase  in all the best: pensions. : .No diminution'Is   made-  for  two; or  three .in  a  family.^ or   for  double-bedded - rooms.  The proprietor''of the house, just mentioned,-when asked what, difference he  would make for throe friends occupying, the same "room,'.'���' replied: '���': :'Norie.  whatever::'my price is per:head, and if  ten persons, like  to  occupy  one ���room  only, that is their business.', ,;  , "Here is the advertisement' of an ordinary, boarding-house which usually  costs 7, francs, a day: .-- 'At five mill-.!  utcs':-' wnlk from Exhibition entrance,  a flrst-classi pension, bright, newly,  furnished ..and.-well -ventilated; excellent table; moderate terms till April  th, after that date 10 to 30 francs, 5-  o'cloek-.tea included;,.lift, bathroom,'  It ls>ut a.sample:' the majority resemble It ,ln,;increase of price, the only  dil'Cei'ence:'being"that. no fj-6'clock tea  is given;'   ���  When asked to account for such a  great advance in tariff, the reasons  jiven universally!by the landlords���or  patrons, as they are. called���are the  shortness of the season���'It. only occurs for six months once In eleven  years,'.:'We must 'make hay .while the  sun shines,', and the Increased prices of  butchers' meat and poultry. \  As a general rule, in all.these establishments' it may be taken for granted  thai !Uicrp_js^rrp.JdJjnJiiuJto J'iJy'iS?.  . , M.IKF.1 A Sl'IICI.lI.TV OK.. .'  o    Dswors speciDl Uqueur/tHso -" -  o : usiiers Biock Label Liom ffiiisky  , p-l.,\HCIK STOCK l)l''-1 |'V  ���--.  <     IMPOItltTEl) AN'll DO.MUS'l'Tc  . Cigars..  QUAXN   l)l{OS.,     -   ..--'.   J'l'OpS.  Con.S'Ki! C'diinovA A.s-n Caiik.ii.i..  is nat the case, because private penT ' fori'any such consideration asTvulrtbeT  li.Uif'.UN pivst'iiialiiin in rulttil history  (IraAVri loaclost: to-day, Saturday. Tlio  I.S TllH   I'HKSKNT.  P  BO Cordova St.  of family or lengthof stay; that, the  terms never include .wine or drink o��  any kind other than ''water; that room  and board inus* go together���board  might be taken wjthout room, but no  room without board���and that the tariff Is so much per diem, whether for  one week or for one month.  "The  traveler who has  the time  to  remain here for a few weeks,  would  do': well-to  consider whether  it would  not be better In almost every way to  live   a   short   distance  #uts!tle. Paris.  The.cost would be far less, the living  and  accommodation    perhaps    better,  and; change of scene benaflclal.    There  is no  want of  means  of cornmitnica-  tion,  particularly  If the  place chosen  be upon the Montparnasse, ;St. Lazare,  Ceinture, or-Northern lines of railway.;  Great  endeavors   have  been   made  in  every.direction to increase.the number  of tramcar lines,  and   the companies  mentioned'willcrun their trains in con-,  nection'with the street-car services, so  that brie  might  live  at  Enghlen,  for  Instance/and be able to get to.the. Exposition in half ari hour.    Enghlen���or  more correctly,  Enghien  les; Bains���is  a pleasant little town near Paris and  close to Montmorency and.its celebrat-;  ed   forest, where Jean Macques Hous-  soas lived and .wrote, his'Nouvelle He-  loise.'     The; cost  for room  and  board  in agood house there is from 10��� to 12-.  francs a'day  now, and 15 during- the  Exhibition;  fares  to Paris, CO, 45 and  35 centimes, single ticket. ���������-'���'. ���..  . "One might go'1 further.-afield :on.Orie  of' the: main   lines   to .Beaumont   sur  Oise, where exoelleiit, board and lodging may be had'for 5! francs aday, wlrie.  included���very good;  or to Mantes, or  to places similar..:...��� Arrangements could  be niade; to take the. knife and: fork  luncheon nt.aii'early hour and, return  for dinner at 7 or S,o'clock,.-after haying spent sonic six hours or so at the  national  fair.     Of, course,  this '"would",  mean,, early to bed .and probably, early,  to rise, with the natural sequence of  ���wealth and wijdoin.'.'; ; '  - : "Probably one; of the chief diflicul-:  tleSpto be eneonntered- will be that of  cabs und "carriages'���liy,' cabs' is, under- -  stood those bearing: a number.and licensed by the Prefecture of Polce; by  en fringes,.' private  . carriages'-.���',. without'  number, let out by the... day or longer,;  and having a,private coachman.,.  The  current price for. a private, carriage (a  'voiture. de, remise')   is  from  20 to 25.  francs for an afternoon, but there is u  great .'dearth  of coachmen,, aiid   these  prices  will.. surely., be much increaseit.  As' to the ordinary cab. or fiacre, their  cochers  are  already  in 'a  great state  of .ebullition   and   have    held - several  .meetings,' at: which the speeches augur  anything but well for the coming sen-  son.     The  coclier  de  flaere,.'tike  the"  boarding-house  keeper,wants  also to.  make  his   hay while "the    Exhibition  shines,  but whether it. will give more  fodder to his' overworked horse or not,  is quite another question.     Paris cab  horses are a poor lot-of cattle at all  times, but the extra animale now being  put  to  and .harnessed   for Exhibition  work,   are. Ihe .sorriest,   broken-down-  jades it is  possible,to  imagine:     The  cabmen  themselves recognize this, for  the other day. on the Boulevard Mnle-  shorbes   a  coeher. let  his  horse  come  down'with a crash,   that    broke  the  shafts.  .^''^Wny_JlU!]rt.J!HU!?r^  Tske'd'iiis-coiiirffde-T^ ~~ : ~ '  "'Hold him upV was'the rejoinder.  'So I would it it had been a proper  horse; but this Is only an."Exhibition  "horse ("un ehcvnl de l'Rxposition').  No  power'on   earth   could   keep   him  "Tlio Parliamentary system of the  Mother Land adopted in the Dominion  of Canada and Provinces thereof by the  Hiilish North America Act, when Properly carried out, Is opposed In fuel Ion.  nnd serves  to safetfinird  national iiiter-  Ui'tS.,  Political pnriles with Pnrly organisation  re-present llie cardinal prineipli-s, of British Ooverniiieiil anil tend to suppress  divisions, conspiracies and confusion in  (lie  State.  The distinctive features of the Llboral-  Conservative party hi Ciinildu havu been  rsseiilinlly���  (Jc-wntry.   ,..'...  1. Loyalty to Queen ami fnitli in  ('oiintrj-.   /  2. Faith In  the poopla.  X   Kqual  civil mid religious liberty.  ���I. Oovorniiiont, according to the principles anil, precedents under the British  Constitution, Including (a) Parliament-1  ary control of public expenditure, (b)  The responsibility ot'��� Government to  Paiilnment.' (e) The utmost good faith  enforced as between Government and  the public touching ah executive and  legislative acts to persevere public credit  und..-tho'good name of oar country.  5. The improvement and betterment of  the coiiditioHt,of the wage.earning classes.  6. Tho, encouragement by the State  of the introduction and investment ot  capital In  thu country.        ,     .  7. Active State aid in: (a) The develop,  ment ..of-'transportation facilities by sea  und land, (b) The advancement of agriculture and of tho natural" resources of  the. country. (6) The Improvement of education.,'      V   - '    -:  , With such principles the record of the  Liberal-Conservative party in Ciriada  since,1807, among other things, is notable  for the following:  '���������  'J'be consolidation and union of tlio provinces and territories of^Britlsh Nortli Am-  reica,':'  The maintenance of British connection.  An Inter-oceanic and transcontinental  railway-.;,, , J     ;  A network of railways over'Canada.  An independent national canal system  cennecting tho middle of the Continent  with the, Atlantic Ocean.       -.'-,.  The development ami ;, protection of  Canadian and industrial life.  The establishment of , steamship com-  Tiiunlcatioh 'with foreign countries.  The establishment' -of experimental  farms and the Introduction of cold storage... -   '    -..������..,; i :;-.-'-- :i   :'.' :  Increased allowances for the Militia and  the formation of permanent corps.  Tho  cStablitlimeiit     ot  a  Government  <;iiist telegraph system.*  The construction  of dry-docks at Que-  li'f, Ksiiiiimalt and.Kingston.  The establishment of a fishery protection  service.  Under these circumstances, at the'first  C< nveiitfi'ii of the Llbenil-Conserviitlvo  Union for iJriti.tli Ciilmnbla. thu folluw-  in*' ro.solutlon was utiatiimuusiy adopted:  'ltesoiveil, that in iln; vplnlnu of this  Ccnvi'ntioii It Is desirable that the Llb-  I'Nil-CuuritTviillve narty shoulil, i��n party  take Part in Provincial elections for the  purpose ot ensuring the Government and  Legislation of this Province un Liberal-  Conservative principles, and in order to  carry this Into effect "at the next goiiernl  election for ihe Province" Unit candidates la: invited to stand for such constituencies ns are likely to rat urn Libel al-Con.iervalivc member*, pledged primarily to support a Liberal-Conservative  Government- as distinguished from a Gov.r  eminent of Liberals or partly of Liberal.-  Conservatives and partly of Liberals, ami  that a platforhi or siatement of principles, applicable to lowil politics, be  drawn up-'.  PorVtho purpose of enforcing the cardinal principles of the Liberal-Conservative jiarty in the local Government at  British Columbia,.we -hnve the 'honor to  recommend the affirmation and approval  of the foregoing outline thereof so far as  applicable to local affairs, and in add'-,  tion, to pledge this Convention, and the  mt'inbers of the Libcral-Conscrvative party  who;support it, to the following programme for the Province of British Columbia. '  That true to the maxitn'of our party, 'toy  the party,  with   the  party,  but for  tho  country,'  the Interests of British Columbia   shall   'bo   paramount,   regardless   of  the -politicM .complexion  of the  Federal  CViMnot.  If is proposed���'  To revise tlie voters' lists;  , To actively aid in the construction  of  trails  throughout  the undeveloped   portion of the Province, and the building ot  Provincial  trunk . roads of public iicccs-  BitV.  To provide for the oflicial inspection  of elevators ami   hoisting gear.  To improve:the admission of justice and'  secure'Che speedy disposition of legal disputes. , '"-���;- '..';���  To provide: an effective;.system .for the  settlement ���of disputes'botwean capital und'  labor.-  ������;   '   ;��� ' . ' c  To adopt the principle of Government  ownership" of railways, in soi far as tho  circumstances of tlio Province will admit, and the adoption ot the principle-  Hint no bonus should be grunted to any  railway company . which dom not glvo  the Government of the ProviiMe tlio control of rales over line.-i bonused-, together  with the option of-purchase.      ���  To assume control and admrii'stnttiori  nf the fisheries within thp boundaries ot  the Province.  To actively assist by Slate aid In tho  development of the agricultural resources  of the Provinee.  To make tlie f^niloii Agency' of 1'i'llishi  Columbia effective In proclaiming ll:o natural wealth of the Province, and ua a  place for profltirtile investment, of capital.  In the interests of labor the 'Liberal-'  Conservative party sympathises with, ami  endorses the principle of an Kight-lloiir  I.I1W.-  . To provide an improved systom of edu-  .caLion. ...."���  To recognise and reform the system of.  Provincial aid to medical men and hospitals in outlying parts of the Province.  To aolively support the advancement  of-the mining interests of British Columbia;  To aid in the immigration- of fomalo  domestic  servants. , -,  AVe regret lo learn that the Govern-,  ment of Canada does not Intend to assist "  in sending and mamtaining" a volunteer''  military, contingent to South Africa to co- ;  operate wilh the forces of the Mother -  Land: and Sister Colonies in 'Protecting;,  the rights of British subjects. ������-,- '.   ;���  That   tills  Union: desires   to   congratu-:  late llie Hon. Sir Charles Tiqiper, Bart..;',  on his able and vigorous, leadership during the post session and trusts t hat ho may; '  long he spared to occupy the high position he now holds, and we hereby plodsa  anew our conlldence in. him and  in the ,,  cause. that  he  has so  ably: represented,  arid that this resolution be telegraphed, to  him.  (This resolution was passed'by a standing vote, tliree rousing cheers and a tlsec"  being given for Sir.Charles Tapper, Bart.) ���  . This Convention views wilh alarm tho  introduction of large numbers of indigent .  aliens   into   the   Dominion      to   compete"  with our own people in the field of lab���:  or, and regrets that the Federal Admlnis- ;,  trillion has failed to introduce thelegis- ���';,;  Iation   respecting   Chinese      Immigration.:;.;'  pledged to the people of this'Province by'.'::  the present Prime Minister of Canada-"-   ';-.  ,   Tho w-hole  of   the  abovo     resolutionsf  wero,then read,and the motion to. adopt',-,  was unanimotisly.   carried,    amidst    the, :,  greatest enthusiasm.  .A ])laH'oi'in for worlciiigmon, supported  by thoso who arc honest, in   their  intention to carry it out.  i  -' Vote for the Liberal-Conservatives:  ' isoo, Q. C, Mayor Jos. F. -Somen. B. L Tlsdoll omi Hd. W. H.  to build railroads, or let'someone do it  for, him;'.'arid' cease the ;:shedding, of  Cliristlan blood, tlii-pughout his, dominions^ :(/,:":..'- ��� V" :���':' :���::,'"'-;:.'',,'.':-.���",'-,::'  ',;���;���  BEWA111";  PROMISES.  OF   - ANTI-ELECTldN  from toppling over.''  C. J.B.  ���"���    TURKEY  A:N*DRAIT^nOADS.  Turki.'s- Is trylntr- to quiet Kussin.  with on offer to allow the hitler country to extend its railway linos in the  Black Sea, regions, ,ln. case it does not  build such lines itself. The Turk has  made some, progress In civil taut Ion for  every step he has gone backward-.since  he was in power, nllbough he has generally made It -'reluctantly and under  pressure fivjuv without. .There Is no.  doiiylnc the fact that he Is out <if  plan' In p'tiropo. Ills'., religion, bis  mot-iils. 'his dMiiestle habits, his Ignorance, bin hostility lo steam,.���electricity,  books, papers, refers, brooms and  work are Inharmonious with his geographical environment. Ills sole hope,  of keeping his place union-; the mom  enlightened nations lies In ilits fulllll-  metit of ills pnrliiil promise to join the  procession, or else give up 'his niatet'liil  'inlterests to people who will advance  them. 'When tlie Chilian rides,on his  ���trolley earn, -when the Filipino goes  to! an Anierlciin school, when the Hindoo ceases to wallow in snored -,'iilth  'and , uses hot \fater wltihout germs,  when the Chinaman allows the telo-  ai-au-li'.. to enter Ills', village and When  'the Zulu tells- the time by a "Water-  burywatch, It is the turn of the Turk  >j-.; THE v MINER'S VOCACUlJArRY/ ,  .The following definitions, of mining  tei'ina commonly; used are takan from  tlie Aiuiconda '"Standard":   :, -'".:���  .Apex���The tsp.or summit of a.vein  oV'iode." '������ ;-';.;,-.  > ;Breast���The face of an ore body at  iVhich a miner is,working.' ,   ,  :  ��� Clialcocite���A mineral of a. lead-gray  color, tarnished, with blue oi' green,  containing sulphur, copper and iron.-  ; Contact���Close union or junction, of  one body ' with another.  .^Crosscut���A drift to intersect a veil*  of.ore.' :,,... ���.:.;..'���. ;;  Country rock���The strata in-which a  metallic lode is found..  '." Collar���When speaking of the collar  of ashaft: The curbing round, a shaft  to; keep loose grourid from falling in.  :! Drift���A pass in amine, horizontal  or nearly. so; forming a road for the  extraction.: of ore or for carrying oft  the water.        -  , Dip���The Inclination or Pitch of a  vein, or stratum.' The angle with the  horizontal is the amount of dip. ,'--; ������;-  :i.-Dyke���A bank ot hard, rock by which  lodes, are frequently divided,  'v'ibrag���aiaterlal which has been dls-,  placed by the faulting or-movement of  a.- large body.",  Dlorite--A granlte-Uke'rock, grayish-  Wihlto to nearly black in color. It derives its name from being unmistakable or clearly defined,  /Fissure���A crack in the earth produced by volcanic or earthquake action  -or~subsidence==Most=fi'ssu!'.es^afe^lillc.d.  from below and become metallic' or  mineral  veins.  , -Fault���The,sudden- Interception of  Ihe continuity of strata, until then upon  the Jinine plane, this being accompanied by a crack or fissure varying in  width from a mere line to several feet,  and generally filled with broken stone.  clCly or similar material. There are  faults In some sections of which the  horizontal extent Is'So-miles or more,  aiid the vertical displacement varying  from 000 to 11,000 feet.  Foot-wall���The, side of the rock under a mineral vein; the underlying  wall.  Clangue-iriio mineral matters in  wlilch metallic ores ore embedded.  Horse���A muss ol! earthy matter Intervening between:'the branches of a  vein. Tlie vein straddling.' on each  side of a-l-on-mlncral rock Is said to  take horse.  Hanging wall���The overhanging side  of an Inclined vein.    ,  Induration���The process of filtering  In or penetrating the Interstices of rock  of other matter.-  Monocllnic���llnvInK one single dip.  persistent for a considerable distance.  Pyrites���An ,uneven, brittle mineral  that strikes fire when struck with n  hammer, occuring frequently crystallised. -. ' ���������''''���'.  .Selvage���A woven border, of close  rock, used In a mining sense as the  outer lining of a vein or fissure at its  contact -witli another body...  ;r>  For  We have tlie exclusive  celling auencv of the . .  rAfKAIfll SHOE and the. . . .  name alone iniplie.-* Hie best there i.s in Shoes. . . .  IMOKAKI) SKOI'lS   have  for years been  pre-eminently   ]  the distinct leaders in the United States, and in introducing them "wo feel as though they were not, an  experiment, but in quality the BUST SHXOE manufactured..    We have them in all stvles anil leather  at $5.00 per Pair.   n   ^BH B ^   l6 Cordova  For ohoico groceries and Oarla Mogul  Tea, try Webster Pros,  Trees Sprayed Early  ASwai|�� Give Best Results in Bearing  Fruit, Etc.^-����^r=^  our  window for Spray   Pumps,   Pruning  Pruning Saw.s and everything else that,  is  See  IvniveH,  needed for the purpose.  Thos. Dcmn & Co.,  (I.IMITKII.)  S, 10.12 Cnrilnvii Street, anil S, 10  Wai,!r S:.ri'oi. Vniu'otiver.  l-'rmii Street,.Mlln, II. U.  o3tj*i*j*3030oODa303330-i3S3aaa3oaoa3CJ33S03oa��aac-iia-3ooo  o  n  n  n  o  n  n  n  n  a  n  a  et  n  n  a  r>  r>  n  o  a  a  a  r%  f��  t>  ii  f��  o  coos^eo<"Ct*��icH?oce>^c��cccc��c����'iM^  -<^=���^WARDROBE  1m.)i- Ciontlemon's. High Art, Tailor-nr'ado  Uarnient.-:, Suits to order or ready to wear  at iiAU'' best tailors' prices.  334 Hastings St. -   - VANCOUVER, B. C.  Tiros. IfosTKH,  ��� ��� -.- ,i -  "���--; :,���:!;  Sot.i: ('ONTIlOLI.KU  VOIt    VAXCOUVKlt.  u  ��� ':;. a;;  o  ���:-.- ��� B''  ��  '.';-l,  ��''  '���" Hi  u  ���' a  ���U .'..'.  *"�����*  w  ��� -   '..'.'i  (1  ���"'���'-'���  --a  U .' .  :'���.*.';'f  K��  -    '<; "j  M  m  o  .'-S'i1  o  ��� *^*  w  -  " ^''a*\'  8  '���-vM  <u  ��� '- "M  8  . ���. - '���r/^--'.  u - -  %��.-.  %'Bf  ft  �� -���: '  ������ ������;!'���"'''&������  8^?.-  '.;^;Hvi,  ��..���."���.;������  ��� ]'.:'.%'* ���:-'��  ���tt'-r.-.v,-  ^Vjaiv*;:'*  7>?h  ���M< 6  >$o  THE INDEPENDENT  SATURDAY   ..-..-...v MAY  5,  1900  1.) AX'ACOItTI'S.  T'own  the street "f a  ivi-stcrii town  'Xi-arli   tin-   h.'i-lliim   brow   of   ;i   iiioun-  inin brown  liillHiwing   ids   way   ���inong   -llu;   InlStiillg  throng  Thin surgiti and swayi-d nnd jostled along  Ciinlc a niini'r, old ami liii'ti'/..'.l and Ki'-iy.  lie noticed none as In- ii:isscil cm his way  IJut   lii-iu-nth liis  I'l-i-atii  y*n: .'oul.l iliear  him say  l.i -  Aiiarart. s.  ���I'iic Von'  man  t^ra.-!"-.!  lii.-  horny  llaail  And  iii'iu.'il  pi   t'rl.li.:.-  in a   rar-iilf   land.  lie  M'l  bin ..I  Swlu-in- Id:, briitlier-iii-  iaw  And  of I'Vryfni ml  tlia1   In- i-Vfi- saw.  J *.lll   tin-   IliHier   |-r>li"d   l:i   III"      .Ilst.ua-.'  drear, r|  A:= il' in- w.a'..' drawn,k a -ii.'.-iv near  -And   I'llly   th'.'S"   ,v��,|-,ls   ,.ai'.t   Hi.-   list.'ll-  vr  lnar.  I>-;'-  Ana, ,.i:.'.-.  Tlie   diiliec   -Innisi'    girl    s.l.'l.    'wilt    yell  cuIUi' ill,  And   tackle  a   ill op   uf   imp >|-.i'i!   I VI   l-ill  And jshiiki' a  liii.it' nil  ih.'  hui-ily l'l.ii.r.  'J'hi'n gii-M tin- bar .nui .��<���!; I,- for iii.nv'.'  .We'll   drink   t'ly.-tli.-r an'.i      l,..v..  is  our  Inast.  "With   a   si-nrii't'iil ��� hvr , lir   il.-i'liif.'il     the  ,,     , roast.  J\i'nl lie .Inst,.! away from the mal.lcn fair  .Wlille luck .in his Hark, rainy .ml on the  ait*  II-  Aii.'ieur'es  nrly' and grurf.  ;      ittiloailed   old  The real rsline man  Kxtotulod   Ills   hand  gruff.  2le told  of a euuniry  liiat- tnaito  people  ��� rich  Or.   a. go'idier   hole.of   a   s.vatiipy  ditch.  3'ul llu* miner was vers.'il in I.as Angeles  lore, .  .And  San-Diego���lio*d  been  there  butore.  Mown- at *,V;iilu  Walla  he'd sold  a  fann  And at. I'u.vallujt a  lii'iise ami bum.  Jlo'd suiil  a  min.' in I'lc Coor d'Aleho,  And a bunch of call..' from off the plain.  All   thai   lie ha.! ���even- inch  el" ground.  And   tie   joined   tile   stampede   down   In  i'tigei Sound;  Jli-'d dumped it all in, made a 'sucker's*  play,  {They told blni the railroad would come  Unit way),  die lived on bologna, his hair uirtic.i gray  And n.iw he's a tramp, and iloes nothing  but  say  D  Anncoi'tus.  ��� ibid.  EIClIlT-110U.lt 1-.AW.  The eight-hour law has bi-m ordered  favorably repurtod by the Hi-nsc Com-  niittee on Labor. The bill provides that  every contraoi. hereafter iiitide to  which the United States, any territory  or tin- District of Columbia Is a party,  and every contract made on behalf of  either, which may require or Involve  tlie employment of laborers or mechanics, shall contain n provision llint  n.i l,-il:.ii'er in " iiii'.-liauiii I'liipliiyi'd in  lining any pan of the work i.'iuiteiii-  p'litctl by the eontcacf shall lie iv-  iiuliv.l or even permitted l.i work more  than eight hours in any mi.- cal<T..li'���  day.* To alii In enforcing this provls-  li.n. wiiii li .-.cciiis siilll.-ii'iitly. sweeping,  ii is ili'i'ectcil that every sin-li eontiui't  shall stipiilnii' a |i-.'ii'ilty i.;' ii'-fnr civil  lab.iter "!��� meehatiic I'm' ev.'iy day in  wliich he shall labor niur.' limn eight  hour--, ami tile aniotitit nf the pcaal-  ll.-s -:;].t',:;ile.l is- direct",! to In; wltll-  !:e i. by the oilier wliose duty it, is lo  pay tii' moneys due under spell cull-  tin.;'.. The provisions nf the act are  not to apply to eontr.icts for trauspor-  lalion by land ..r water, or to so much  .if any contract as Is to be performed,  by transportation, or fur such materials us may usually lie bought in open  market. The Vole ivpor'titig this bill  favorably  was  unanimous.  The Ontario Court of Appeals has  handed down a judgment In the case  of the Michigan lumbermen engaged  in operations in Ontario, against the  judgment of the court below, upholding  the act of the legislature ivituiring the  sawing in Canada of all logs cut from  Ontario Crown lands. The court unanimously decided In favor nf tile Crown's  cnniention that the act Is within the  powers ot this province, :utd dismissed  the appeal with cosis. The lumbermen. It Is un.ii'ist.inil.^wlll carry the  case to the l'rltlsh I'rivy Council.  I llBWAni'* Or' A.NTl-Kl.K'.TlON  | IM'OMISKS.  | Vancouver Steam liyo Works. 1-1 C'or-  | ilnva street east, for .lyeliig, .���li'iitilng  ! mid repairing indies, and gents' cloth,-  ��� lng. c'tii'taliis. etc. . ,1.  (1.   liouglcr. pro-  I pi'UMOl'.       "  j A d.'legalion from the Fishermen's  i union in 'this city will attend a inect-  I ing nt brother, tlshoriu'en this afier-  | iiniui at Ni-w Westminster. -.H       -,.  AVlnm you want tn hire a first-class  horse-and buggy, go to the ,1'alacc  livery stables. /Telephone l*i,"i.  31 AC li II-M STS  Tl 1 K KATE N   ST1 UK I*.  Machinists to the number of lOO.flOO  ���ivill.go on strike I'll all -111'.; large cities  of the linitcd States oil Jlay. Itith it'  their demand for tin.' nine hour work  ���day is refused. The nclion tn he  taken will depend on the result of a  ���confeivnce to-.bo held' between ollicers  wf the International association of Machinists ami the Jiela'I Trades -.association, 'the organi'/H'tion of employers.  It is very likely that the conference  -will lie held in Xew York city. All  strikes -against nieuiliers Ml' 'the -.Metal  Trades association have been called off  ������eliding.the 'holding of 'the conference.  'There -arc still .'i.aOtl men on strike In  ���C'liciig-o, Cleveland, Columbus and  Palersbn.'but t'liese strikes 'are against  employers outside of the association.  Tlie inteVnation:!! 'association lias  doubled its membership witiiin 'the  Jlust few months, .'anil now have 70.000  members. 'Fifteen thousand non-unkm  ..machinists', it is asserted, are prepared  ���to support the union men in any move  -they ni.-iy make in tl-.e Xew York.ulis-  ���'.-Ariel.' "The demand'for the nine hour  -work day is simply.'preliminary."'said  ���Jin olllclnl." "Wluit we are striving foils the eight hour work day. Other de-  jnands have 'also been formulated.  Among these are the recognition :of tlie  International -association, the recognition of a .minimum rate of wage scale;  ���the abolition of piece work amd the restriction of the employment of ttn-  Kkil'led labor. The 'association of manufacturers publicly acknowledge uluil  Wiey, stand united,; without a single  .break, and are determined tu light to  ihe end; ,they also proclaim their in-  'tention of ignoring the organization  of the workmen and inform Ifhelr men  '���that they will deal with them only  us individuals."  S.110KK JCUKTZ'S   irXIO-V-MADK  CIGAKS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz ,fe Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish l.ilossoms" are their best  brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. The above brands are made  of the best imported Havana, and by  expert union workmen lu 'Vancouver.  i.MPRESSlOXS OF  POPE IACO.  il. .1. Thaddeus, the painter, who  painted a portrait of Pope Leo XIII,  has published an interesting account  of his experiences while engaged upon  ilie work, of the-impressions he then  formed of His Holiness. Among other  things  he says:  "During the sittings Leo XIII talked  incessantly in Erenoh sometimes.' sometimes In Italian, and always 'with extreme, rapidity. His range of subjects  was excessive.,-, lie spoke of strange experiences in brigand infested lleoneyen-  to. where as delegate lie restored peace;  of England, and of' his nunciature at  Brussels, ��� He loid m'.\ to nty great surprise, that he had only,commenced to  study French when' appointed-to Belgium, and T.could, speak it as lltiently  as I do now by the. time I reached  Brussels.' he said. 'King Leopold used  to- exclaitii. 'I forget Peeci is an Italian." ' Virgil'and Dante. Kneipp and  tin; water cure, the condition of .'Ireland-'���these-are. some of the subjects  on which Loo XIII discoursed with  knowledge and discernment, taking  snuff constantly. . Latterly, by medical advice, be has renounced 'tills, his  one indulgence. I have been indeed  fortunate in my sitters���Gladstone, the  Abbe Liszt, the General of the Jesuits,  Sir .Richard Owen���and many others,  whose conversation, was ail intellectual  treat; .but.' Inspired by his wonderful  personality and gracious kindliness, 1  never worked with deeper interest than  at the ..portraits'of my august sitter,  Pope ���Leo'X'III.".  W. W.  I!. .Mcinnes, M.--I'., is on the  coast.   He  will  support     the   goveni-  im'iil   party   111   tlio   provincial    cam  paign.���Kossland  Industrial AVorld.  for General Gatacre. This feeling is  specially strong in Shropshire, his native county.  The direct descendants of the Queen  are now very numerous, they being  reckoned to-day at 71" including the  infant boy, of the Duke of York. Her  Majesty has seven sons ami daughters, ')���* grandchildren 'and 111 great  grandchildren and If she lives but a  few years longer, many of her grandchildren and some of her groat-grit nd-  eluidreii being either nuiried or tiri'r-  rlageablo. tlie direct living ik'soeuilnnts  of Queen Victoria may itulto likely puss  tin;, century murk 111 her lifetime.  ��S ^="*-~-;the  I      Chas. Woodward Co.,  I'OltMKlEl.V C, \V(iOI��\VAltn.  LIMITED^  All   Immense   stock *if   I'lllllee   Kl'Oceries  ami  tiranil jNliigiil Tea at  tlie City A!ro-  A trades'and labor council represent-  lit-S -I'M members of local unions has  been organized in Greenwood. "M.  Kane, seeritary of the Miners' union,  is president, and E. C. Fisher, ot the  Caiipenlera' union, has been made-secretary.  Mr. T. A. Korgers wishes-us to state  llum he had no connection witli the  proposed independent labor candidates  nor was he a delegate from "Ward HI  on the nomination cdniniitti'e selected  at last Friday night's mooting; in the  city ball.   ,....-...'   :  For a dainty delicacy���Barnwell's cakes  and   Grand  .Mogul   Tea.  Hallway draymen' are in a worse  position than G. T.. R. trackmen.  Working'1- and 11 hours a day���and  .'Jie "managers" can't understand why  they should have a grievance. Would  not that bulge your eyeballs!���City  and Country.  31. Tallichct, an eminent Swiss writer  on public questions, holds: that tho success of the.Boers would be most perilous to Holland, as the humiliation of  Great Britain thus Involved would remove the last (pbstacle to tlie speedy  absorption  of; Holland  by  Germany.  Telephone 1���2���ii for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.      "  VUXIOX BAKLER SHOPS.  The Gold Seal Li.iuor,Company are  live business men. and sell the very  best., goods on the market at white  men's prices, lied Cross ale iiml porter,  as well as Imported kinds, are sold by  tliis   up-to-date   establishment. ,  Diit ISCT LKGISLATIOX.  by  -: IDirect   Legislation���Law-making  l.[tt- voters.  The Initiative���The propositi of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  i.The Hefereiiiluni���M'lie vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  initiative, or. if petitioned for by a percentage of the. voters, or any law pass-  eil by a legislative body.  "3>rotiortion;nn"t'eWeFiTrTini"t'IorT^V^jia-|r  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice of the voters in proportion  lo their numerical strength.  /The Imperative Mandate-;���Tlio right  In vote out of office through the Tillti-  rttive and iteforendum any official who  falls to perforin his duty.  The following is a complete list of  union barber.'shops.In Vancouver. Is  your barber..on the list?  Sims' barber shop, Pender street.  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber", shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvie & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street. .  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.  T^e Whit tier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street.  .-Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.   .  "0. K. Barber Shop; Hastings street,  east. .....-"'.  Morgan's Shop, Mount Pleasant.  Mr. W. W. Oglivie. the late milling  magnate, has left a fortune of 52,000,-  000 represented by property in'Ontario  and $02,302 represented by "Quebec investments.; As he does not. desire his  widow to re-marry tlie income of $12,000  which he beciuenthes to her |s to be  but $2,000 should she again become a  wife.  Trv   Huir'is ��� bread' and   Gratid   Mogul  Tcii.     ;  Very general sympathy is fell in  England for General Gatacre, now recalled from South Africa, in ..view of  his long service and brilliant past record, including; highly distinguished  achievements in. Afghanistan and Egypt  Lord Roberts is riot blamed, but this  does not prevent most from being sorry  Speaking of prohibition,'the Montreal  "Gazette'.' editorially deeluivil In a recent Issue that "the plebiscite vote was  an evidence of llie favor hi which',the  Idea that alcoholic drinks tire useless  has gained among a people Hint 50  years ago regarded drinking ns a matter of course. Hut while this grail  change for the better has been going  on, tlio professional advocate of temperance has fallen Into contempt, and  the advoento of legislative prohibition'  Is following In his footsteps. Xot a  vote in Parliament will be changed and  not a prohibition voter will be made  In the country by what was said in the  debate of Monday. Tlie cause Is suffering from the men who think they are  called on to lead it."  We sell and tvi-nnuncnil Grand Mogul  i'.-a; also first class groceries. McCrack-  ->r & Beach.  UNION DIRtiCTORy  VAXCOUVBR TRADES AND LABOR  Council. President. Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, .1. 11. Watson: secretary, J.  C. .Marshall, P. O. box 159; financial secretary, V. Williams; treasurer,: C'l K.  Mntick; statistician. W. .JlacLain; scr-  gcant-at-arms. W. Davis.'.Pariiniiiontury  ecu mittee���Chairman, John I'oarey; secretary. ,1. Morton; Meeting���First and  third Friday in each month, at ".SO p. m.,  In Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  Hcmer streets. '.  ���VAXCOU'll TYPOGRAPHICAL UXIOX,  Xo. ���"20,.meets the last Sunday .In "each  nioiiih at Billon hall. President," Pi. L.  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. -Marshall;  societnry, ,T. F.'"Watkins; P. O. box B;  treasurer, AV. Brand; sergeant-at-arrns,  Guss J. Dunn; executive committee���  Chairman, J. C.: Marshall; Geo. 'Wilby,  C. S. Campbell, G. -T.-Dutton.--W. Ann-  strong.. Delegates to the Trades ami Labor council. .1. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.'  STriiaiiT HAILWAA-   mbk's ���union���  Meets second and fourth Saturday of  each month, in Suiiierlatul Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings Street  at s p. in. President, J. tint-ton: vice-president, 13. A. Snyder; secretary. II. O.  Thomas;- treasurer, J. Jcnkinson; conductor, A. Itoss; warden, A; Riisseil; sentinel,  ,G. Lcnfesty; delegates to Trades iiiiil Labor council: John Fenrey; ,T. Bartoii, II.  Brunt, A. G. Perry, .I.AV. Paxinau.  F. 0. E.���VANCOUVER jVERIE NO. 0,  F. O. E.,meets every. Thursday night.  Visiting member* Welcome. IL W. Find-  ley, W.'. P.. Province oillce;. S. R. Robb,  W.  S., World  odlce.  TO LET���BOOMS FOR LIGHT HOUSEKEEPING; well  furnished and    clean.  Apply roomli), 220 Kcofer St.  WANTED���A DRESSMiVKER OH ,TA1 L-  OltESS. Apply .Vancouver-.Dye Works.  II  Cordova Street East.  CHIFFONS���Silk chiffon, all colors, 0,".c yard. Embroidered ohiffon  lace, all colors, l.V u yaiM.  '.MKN'S CLOTHING AMI FL'ItNISIll-.VGS-Su'miiior coats and vests  In black lustre, grey silk, grey lustre, white duck, l'riccs range from $1  to $:!..*H).  Light Summer suits, $2.23.  BOOT AND SHOE Dl'PAItT.MMNT-Tbe Mlnto, Oxford is tlie latest  in liidictf' footwear; price ��. GeiitliMiioii, have you seen our .tan, box,  calf, Gooiljenr Welt boot at p.'! tlie regular price is SI.  y CROCKKltY DKl'AllT'.MIvN'T-Whlte granite bowls, nil sizes: prices  r.c, 10c, l-'.c, ami up lo. UK'. Majolica Jugs, llie. AVIilto cups and saucers,  CO��i per duz.   Dinner suls  in great  variety, from $1 up.  1LV.M.MUCKS-From SOc each mi. Buy now and have tlie use of it.  LACIIOSSIC STICKS-Sclllng fast, 2*ic, IJOC,  *I.2T��, Ijil.TJ.  IMMjCr S'l'OltH���Soaps���IMne 'Par, 5c; Mcclianlcs' soap, 2 cakes for Iftc:*  Oatmeal, lilo per box; Witch Hazel Glycerine. 10c box: Ox-Gall soup, far  n-moving slains, 10c a cake. Try Woodward's soothing skin soap; it given  excellent  sittisfuction,  2.'io   box.  Mnii Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and .-Harris St.  )CCet*CCX'CCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCGGCCCCCC,CCCCGCCCCCCcSS  ���CCCCCCt'CCCGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCGCClCrjOejCCtOO  -----^J"J,V ��'C^'V,j  ���*isa��*A��/ffi��>Bi?  ���o . ���;.:  . Your clill.Iivn music-! There  'is pleiisure nnd prollt in It. The  ln'.-t C'tllia.liMli mill  Pianos,  Mm best Ciiniiilinn Organs: lies-.  1 son V Prototype'.'.. Iliiuil (]istlll-  . incuts; iiml the best in nil  Musical Goods  All nt ni'ST prices nil.I terms nt.,  Eoult's Music Store  filiHii'ii'iivIIle Si.rvct, opp. P. O.  SOLE AGENT,   ,"  24 Cordova St.  Vancouver West  It DAL ESTATE SKA'I'S.  LOT OK    TIIirtTKHN'T.lD    .ATdvN-l.TE-  is'ear Manitoba���only $1-10; this is n liar-  Bain.  T. M'nt'hcws,   117 Hustings Street.  ���Mr. .LB. Walker, the editor of the  "Cosmopolitan." the noted American  monthly, Is of opinion that the Queen  has made a great failure of her unique  life opportunities. Thinking that a  broth"r crank, Mr. W.'T. Stead, would  echo this view, he asked him to -write  an article of fi.OOO words on Her Majesty's life work,nnd influence. Mr. Stead  lirmvi^e'l^suriinsed^tho^Cjis^ ._���__ _._:���.  Till! EXTJ-'XBION SKTTLFMICXT.  We congratulate 'the 'nilnots at Kx-  ���'tension upon .the settlement which has  lieen effected with the operators.    The  concrete  results,   the abolition  of  the  Oicnti'iiL't 'system, nml the esta-bllsliim-nl  of a. fair scale of ivngeti. are Impoi-t.inl  ���nm'tfors In ni.ist dlsputos between La-  lior and Capital, but in'the present In-  titmice   they   rude   Into   inslgnlllcMiH.'e  When <-irnipiiri-il with tile abstract gain,  viz., lb'.- recognition ol' oi'gaiil-'",l labor  by :i  coi'iioralloti  wlilch has for ninny  years steadfastly set  its  face ULMlnst  ���unions, and persistently refused to permit ItsCinployees to meet for the discussion of 'the terms uyfui which their  ���work Is performed.    For good or evil,  the various  Dunsmulr i-omnanies control the Interests of a largo section of  Vancouver  Island, and   It is no small  triumph for Mr. ItudclllTe and his as-  Bociates that they should have attempted and accomplished the apparently impossible.    The document which we understand Mr. Dunsmuir signed on Tuesday last.  Is  the Magna Charta which  ensures the freedom; of the men whose  very hreucl'mid butter has hitherto defended  on  his    whim.���aNmilmo  He-  view. '  ^  editor by replying that the Queen had  made, in his opinion, a great success  of her life and rule, and done immense  good, though misled on the' American  "War and the South African Issue. Mr.  Walker, in return, writes in the current  number of the "Cosmopolitan" that he  feels fairly sure that Mr. Stead Is unconsciously -biiissed by his British  birth, but he will nevertheless be glad  <'.n receive nnd print his article. So  we may expect in due course to, see In  the "Cosmopolitan" a patronising eulogy of the Queut-;���with large reservations���from tbe pen of the frlend-of the  Tsar and  llie .Hours.  The Municipal Committee of the Ontario Legislature- litis recognised llie  principle of municipal ownership of  public I'ranclilses by ilerilarlutr In favor  of allowing oven rural municipalities to  own and. operate electric light and  power works, wherever such ownership  would not coiiipete with a previously  chartered undertaking In the distrilct'.'  It Is not, however, at all likely, until  the cost of producing and distributing  electric, light and power becomes much  less than now, that many Ontario rural  municipalities will take advantage of  powers of owning and working electric  production and plant. The profitable  working of such concerns .at present  depends upon large residential populations i-n comparatively small areas,  conditions not found in rural munici-'  palities. i .'.'..  ��� 'Buy  your Grand  Mogul, tea  at  the  Square Deal groeei'-f.  LOT   ON';1MI3LVILLF,  ST.1SKKT���.N'KAK  Bute, '���". feet:'nice situation:' only ^075;  T.   Mathews,  -117  Hastings   Street.  HODSK AND LOT ON TBMTK AVE-  Nl'K,,; Mount Pleasant, near Westminster ���Avenue, 7 rooms; in good condition';  price .���Jl.iKO. T. MaUiows, 117 11 listings  Street. ���-���:       '���'���;  NEW  HO US 13 AND. CORN I0B LOT ON  Nin'lli Avenue, with modern'-conveniences.   Price   $1,230;   -terms  to   arrange.   T.  Mathews, j''listings Street.  NICE   LOT   ON   lTA'KWOOD-SIIP.GET,  near Thurlow, :i;l ft.; fine view of'English Bay. Price *330. T. -Mathews. 117 Hastings -, Street.       tc:  LOT ON SEVENTH AVENUE, MOUNT  Pleasant,   near  ear  line.   Only $323.   T.  Mathews, 117 Hastings Street.,  oaooaoooooaaoaaooooooooaooaaoooaooososoaaoocsaaooaoo  "        ��� a '  ���'���-,���  ���" ���"' ii���������'������-.    ������."��  .-:"'>-.'.-.-'-;;::-   V-'-vg  .::;*'. ���'.' '-.'���.���?-���  "j. ,i iinvi: ii iiuuii.'i'i- ci uokc iim; inr sine in nun lult-l of the citv, iiiunt'diiitclv mi- 43  O   9. joining Knirvii-iv i.n llie west.   f-"< nif ire nenr llie. bench (iust imst (itccr's) iiu.l t8:  ��" .-i.ine liiii'k en llie risingt;ria;rai; ilicy  me >]ili.'iulidlv sitiuitcil.  Tlieso i.rc not or- O.,  "p ilimiry Miiiill lots, but,arc                                     ,,.                                        . ,           . . fca  g iCOx!30feet, aShiost 1-3 acre eacfs, g  o- v'. - '���������'. ���'��.���' ":���   $2��0 each, on terms ;-?-::l'  2     , ,'iiii'd ��'per iant. illscoiiiit for ciisb. This projicrty, .wlilch-will livcmmillv be llie {?  X   .    clioice losiiiciitiitl purl of llie city, lins never been on tlie-iniirkct licfon;, 'nnd will.- "  ~ :,     nut rcinniii. h.'ng uiit<il<t.   The- liist  buyers hnve.Hie choice.  Tbev cun onlv- lie". 7%  J^    . bought iniiii me.   ..... ;..,;,,        ���'.'���-,.'       .  -.���.,������.��� ��� '���" J*  1       T.H.CaHand? 623 Hastings St^    ��  COOpCCCCCCOGCCGCCCCCCCCCCCCCCCOCCCCCCOOGCCOCCCC'CCaOb.'  um ��� un.  TOi3WnaoW.lf[l  :verylDroG siock.;  CHEAP OILCLOTHS/  ~o;  W�� .KEKl.'"  HOUSE AND LOT OJJ HOSrER STHEET  near Smytlie; six rooms and -bath. Only  $1,330. These buys are worth looking lip.  T.  Mathows, 417  Hastings'Srtrect. ' "  IN'-TRACES'  A ik'luyi'd sJiIpnit'iit funloivi] for C'lirt^iintis)  ���cf Iiinh-clitss frames innl pifinr��.js just to hnhii,  uud 'irniii^'tiiK'iits liiivt.- hoi;n nnuli' u-lth Un;  iniuiiifiH-'iurt-rs t(i soil nil  At Half:.Price.:.  rrntnes lnmlo toonk-r ��l nnr iisiiul low jiritv.s.  EY  CO., Ltd.  ,    iiooiirt, yrATUi.Miuv, I'Hoto st'n'i.u>', i:tc,  Us (VtnliH'ii .Vlfi-iM      -   '-"���.      Vmirmiwr, It. ('.  the well-known nnd p'opnliif .  iniikes���the kinds llmt t;ive.  SHtLsfilCtiull;  T. B. Cuthbertspn ������� Co.,  Hatters ami llnhertliishers,  307���i*lasti'ncs St.\\  I)  KOI: Tllli PEOPI.l*.  Wiifjons will cull.id iinv purl of tin; city;  prompt attention iiiul rivility uluil tiint;s;i-iv  u.-i it trial anil lie- sulistli?il.  SUPI'HIOK    UAICliRV.  DECKKI4T &TIKTZK    .-     -       Proprietors  Corner Uuffcrin mid Fifth Avenue.  Telciilionc "On. .  SPICE SHINGLE MILL CO..  I.IMITED. ...    '  J^or'Suniiner Fuel nntl Kindling Wood.  Sultiible l'or Cooking Stove, Air Tit-lit llentet-  ; -   or.Grnlc.  :.,':-��� $1.50. Per SLoed   ' "���-  lly fur the Cheapest,'mid In overv wuv tin; most  siitisfiictoryi'iicliu the iiinrkiil.  SPICER SHINGLE MILL COWPANY, LlnHfed,  North l"nd CiinibieStivcl llriilge , ���  TISI.ICIM-IONIS .������(.(,..  The  "30000CCOOCOCOOOOOCOO  IfnvinKtliu Only t'|i-to-Ii:iu; drill Ponin ��  In II. C. which ill. itself is ii (���u.iniiiu'i! Q,  of n Kirst-CbiR-s Hotel nnd Itosttiiii'mu . .   Q,  SOO'XIOO'X3*>OOOS��X50COOCOoS  ThcArtizan and  Workingman Needs  i"d Medicines  Good Icilct Articles.   Wo Soil Tliom.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  11KI ciirdovii Street, Cor. Abbott,  .SiiKlriiiivillcStrocI, Cor, Itobson. -.-'.'���  Urlng us your.l'iiK.'lciiiiTi'QN'K., ,.  Grand Mogul Tea is good. So are our  groceries. D. J. McDonald, West End  Grocery.'.-.^ ''.:'"-.-  Wivliiivc Just rncvlveil (lie birp.'.-t  nnd lies! sloi'k of Si'iiiNii Hats ive  linvii ever offered In Vnm-oiiver,  'I'liev urn stylish nml iliirnlilc.  R.  ROBERTS  ���J) COItllOVA STItKET.  23 CORDOVA STHBIsr, Vancouver, B. C.  '��� -BATES���Board and lodging, $1 per day;  $5 per week. The bar is supplied with the  choicest brands ot wines, liquors- and  cigars. Best draught beer, ale and porter, 5 cents a glass. The hotel has been  newly   turiiislicd   throughout. " '  P. LARSDN, PROmiETOB.  Ql.'A.\X���'-.']jJJOS.,'      -,   - I  Bevniour Streoot.  'rop  CIubb& Stewart  Is the pliice to jtuivhiiso your ilni- furu-  Ishinn-suud clnthhiK. ..The hiteM  styles in \ '  Arc how on cxhiMtlnh at our itnrur  S60 Cordova St.  TEL. 702.

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