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The Independent May 19, 1900

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Array 0   ,������    1!  R. G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Glassware, Fancy  tioods, Plated \Vnrc, Lamp  Goods. Cutlery and  .Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  piCKSON'S "'Sifv���A  'Coffee 1'oastcrs nnd Grinders.  To get  a cuii of delicious aromntic  coffee, it should be fresh  rousted nnd  ground ns needed.  Try Dickson's Hist.  33 Hastings St. East.  Ability. 'l'lioiie CM. Wuek.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MAY 1!), 1900.  NO, 8.  TRADES AND LABOR COUNCIL  Tho regular fortnightly meeting of the  ' Ttades nnd Labor Council was held last  n.'gM, President Dixon in the chair. Secretary Marshall was In lila usual place.  After the minutes! were read andean,  ���proved the following credential was received and the delegate.seated; 13. of L..  iP., John Ryall,  The Watch-Caso engrncers' Interiuvtlon-  a1. Union wrote announcing Mint the Keystone Watch Case Company of Philadelphia, the T. Kurbrugg Watch C-.ise Company, of Roveirsldc, N. J., nnd tho Philadelphia Watch Case Company are opposed to organised labor.  Other communications were rooeived:  Fram the Grand Liodgo ot the Brother-  Iiood ot Railway Trackmen.  "From George R. Maxwell, M. P., thanking tlhe Council for a resolution re the  Chinese question.  From the Tobacco-Workers of Montreal, announcing 'that they had organised.  Tlie Organisation Committee reported  that the organisation of the Shingle-  Weavers' Union was practically completed-   ' , -, '-   '.:"���  Tho Parliamentary Committee, had no  report to make, Labor politics taking up  all tholr  time....,". ,���  Tho minutes of tho Western Central  I-abor Union of Seattle were rocblved,  the ���tollowlrig paragraphs, being of.special  interest: "Organisation Comihltteo roport-  oil that unions were organising so fast  it was almost impossible to, keep track of  tlieir progress. They wore able to roport.  however, that the street car men wore  nil practically In line and would soon perfect,an organisation.  Delegate Clark of the Committee on  Jap labor read a letter from a person  liigh iln authority with the Roche Harbor  Lime Company, in whioh it was stated  Hough Japs were employed they were paid  en  equality wit'h   while  men;   the  Oom-  , pany favors white labor, and union labor,  "and wiirdischarge its Oriental employees  ���when tholr places can bo filled by white  men at $2.50 per day." '.���<������...  The Minors' Union in Whitewater wrote  ������as-king the Council's position as. regards  't'he present political ''parties... The Sec-  Tetary was instructed to reply that this  Council had nothing to do with the present'parties and had "nominated two Independent   Labor  candidates.  ,-��� ��� Clause 3 , of the Labor Platform, the  minimum wage, was passed at a provious  ���meeting with the Idea that the wage demanded would not be paid ''the Orientals,  t'hus avoiding any possible chance of having the legislation vetoed at Ottawa. A  sreait many people not understanding  the object sought, the following clause  v.as added to the platform:  ������Tlhe'. total abolition, of Chinese and  Japanese immigration."  ,A groat; deal of discussion took place  on the Increasing immigration of Asiatics  and the following resolutions 'were passed:  '. "Bo it rcsolvod that this ;Councll rc-  ��-uest tho Dominion'Government  to tip-  .;, jKiiitaspccial commission to,enquire Into the state of affairs regarding the extraordinary'proportion of! Asiatics to the  white population, and the consequent injury to the very existence of the white  ���man; also that copv of this bo forwarded  loG.R. Maxwell, M. P."  The Council, then adjourned..'..,  loiter the Executive Campaign Committee  mot  and  did   some   organisation  wcrk.       ��� . . '.   '" ...,' :. .,',..  LABOR KB TRUSTS.  Samuel   Gothpers,   president   ot- the  A. F. of L.,  has  this to say of labor  -; and trusts: ���    :  Organized labor is deeply concerned  regarding the "swift and intense concentration of the industries," and it  ���realizes that unless successfully confronted by an equal or superior power,  there is economic danger and political  subjugation "in store for all.;,.-.  ���But organized labor looks with apprehension at the many panaceas and  remedies offered by theorists to curb  the, growth and development, or destroy the combinations of Industry. We  ���"have' seen those who know little of  statecraft, and less of economics, urge  4he adoption of laws to "regulate" interstate commerce and laws to "prevent" combinations and trusts; and we  Tiave- also seen that these ��� measures,  when enacted, have been the very In-:  \etrunients to deprive labor of the benefit of organized effort, while at the  same time they have simply proved incentives to more subtly and surely lubricate the wheels of capital's combination.  ...       ���'     ���  For our own part we are convinced  that the state is not capable of preventing the development or the natural  concentration of industry. All the pro-  posif.iois to do so'which have come under our observations, would, beyond  =doubt,=react--witli=greate!-force-and!;lni=  jury upon the working people of. our  country than upon the trusts.  The great wrongs attlbulable to the  trusts are tlielr corrupting Inlluence on  tlie politics of the country, but as the  state has always been the representative of the wealth possessors, we shall  ibe compelled to endure this evil until  the tollers are organized and educated  -lo the degree that they shall know that  the state 13 by right theirs, and'finally  and Justly- come to tholr own, while  never relaxing In their efforts to secure the very best possible economic,  social and material Improvement In  their conditions.  There is no tenderer or more vulnerable spot In the anatomy of trusts than  their dividend paying function; there  Js no power on earth other than the  trade unions which wields so potent a  weapon to penetrate, disrupt, and, if  "necessary, crumble the whole fabric.  This, however, will nol. be necessary,  nor will It ocqur: for the trade unions  ������will'go on organizing, agitating and  educating, In order that material Improvement may keep pace with industrial development, until the time when  the workers who will then form nearly  ilie whole people, develop their ability  to administer the functions of government in the Interests of all. t ���  There will be no catacyism, but a  transition so gentle that most men will  wonder how It all happened.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  QUOITS.  Editor Independent: Since- I became  connected with your paper in my  humble capacity, I have been asked by  many old and young quolters, what  about the Quoltlng club, now that you  have gone into the newspaper business,.  Mr. D . Aly answer to them all, Including the architect, the baker, the  carpenter, the driver, the engineer, the  fireman, the gqtiger, the husbandinan,  The Independent, and all along the list,  is that I will ask your permission to  talk to quolters and quoltlng tnrougn  The Independent. And then, yours  truly. " , C. D.  Vancouver, May IS, 1900.  AS TO CHINESE.  Editor Independent: Have you in the  past decade noticed any newspaper  statement wherein Lord Salisbury, P.  of G. B., I. and C, wrote to the Australian or New Zealand parliaments,  thus: "You have the right to exclude  Chinese or other undesirable people?"  I have not noticed it myself. A friend  of mine here says he has.and Is will;  Ing to blrrell on the point. It is either  a matter of fact in political history or  it is not. Hence I won't meet him.  A CARPENTER'S SON.  Vancouver, May IS, 1300.  JAPANESE.  Editor Independent: A story is in  circulation that a certain canneryman  taking an active lnteres't In politics  went to Japan for the purpose of  inducing a horde ot Japanese fishermen to come to this province.  Do you know if there is any  truth In this story or not? I for  one would like to find out the reason  for the recent large Influx of Japanese  coolies. I am convinced that there is  something behind the movement and  the sooner It is stopped the better. Already part of Powell street is monopolized byUhese very undesirable people, and the stages going to Steveston  are crowded, every day. So that the  outlook for white fishermen Is not  bright by any means; I can hardly  believe the statement which Inspector  Parmalee, of Victoria, is reported to  have made, "that the. new arrivals  were not going to remain In this Province, but that they ,were In transit  to the United States. Surelythat gentleman is not blind, *'or: does he take  the people of this province for fools?  ONE WHO IS .WATCHING THE  GAME. ,.-���  ' -.  ���Vancouver, May..18th, 1300..".:  ��������� -MARTIN- -VS.. SMITH.;.'":..'. ;~i:-:  Editor..Independent: At. last evening's meeting Mr. Martin stated^that  Mtv Ralph Smith was responsible for  the bringingbut of labor candidates in  this city; that he (Mr. Smith) was n  bitter opponent of the present-Government, and his, only reason was because. Mr. Martin had ;;aken action  to": stt aside the grant made by  the Semlin Government to the New  Vancouver Coal Company. "When  Mr. Martin'; made that stttement he  knew that he was not telling the truth  ar.d he also knew that Mr. Ralph Smith  iviis not present to reply.. I would like  to ask' Mr. Martin If Mr. Ralph Smith  gave him any reasons why he opposed  Martin and Martlnlsm at the meeting'  In Nanalmo. Did he not tell him that  he could not trust a man who has evidently no regard for solemn pledges,  promises, or agreements, made in writing or otherwise? Did he not tell him  that he could not trust a' man who  claims.to.be the friend of labor and  who voted against the coal mines'-'re-;  gulation *111? did he not tell him that,  he could not trust a man who, for  personal spite Joined hands With Duns-  muir, the greatest oppressor of labor,  in Canada, in order to defeat the best  government British Columbia ever had  and when Mr. Ralph Smith has an opportunity he will no doubt not only  reiterate what he: stated at Nanalmo  but Jie will give other' reasons why he  opposes Mr. Martin's government by  the grace of Lieutenant-Governor Mcinnes. He will no doubt also give very  many reasons why he believes the  workingmen of Vancouver acted wisely  In putting their own men In the field  Instead of allying themselves with and  swallowing the platform of Mr. Mar-.  tin, a platform which, in my opinion,  contains little to commend Itself Jo Jhe^  toiling-'massesr^even^^supposlng���its-  maker honestly intended to carry it  out. Political anglers have deluded the  w-'n'rklngmen long enough by dangling  sugar,-eoated baits before their eyes,  but the-majority of them have decided  that they will use their own brains in  the future. NO HUMBUG.  Vancouver, May ISth, ,1300.  ixori aocfl  F. Williams  The  ii  Big Two"   Indejpo  Labor Candidates.  Nominated Amid the Greatest Enthusiasm by a Thoroughly  United Convention ���President Ralph Smith's   V  Address���127 Delegates Present.   *  Thursday night in Union hall when  the follo'ivlng olllcers were elected: ���  Chairman���Mr. H. *Cowan.  Secretary���Mr. J. H. i-Watson.  Treasurer���Mr. William Brand.        -  Finance Committee���Messrs. Peary,  Morton, Marshall, Orr and Watson.  Hall Committee���Messrs. Wilby, Love  and Salter. ;  Canvassing Committee, Chairmen-  Ward 1, M. Little: Ward U, JohnnHtim-  ble; Ward III, Captain MeCarty; Ward  IV, J. Crow; Ward V, J. "Jlorton; Fair-  view, J. VIck.  Printing, Committee���Messrs. Wilby,  Brand, Campbell and Marshall.  The meeting was enthusiastic and  the members seemed disposed to do energetic work. To defray the expenses  of the candidates a subscription list  will be opened among union members  and others and It Is hoped that .sufficient, will''be raised do cover all legitimate requirements. .���".*,  A public-meeting will Ve held the  first of the week.  Telephone 1���2���5  for  a fine livery  turn-out.   J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  DIiRECTLEClISLATION.  Direct Legislation���Law-making, by  the voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The;.Referendum���The.' vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, If petitioned tor by a.por-  centageof the voters, or any law passed by a legislative body.  Proportional Representation���A plan  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice of the voters In proportion  to their numerical strength.  The Imperative Mandator���The right  to .vote out of office through the Initiative and Referendum any official who  falls to perform his duty.  BEWARE  PROMISES.  OF    ANTI-ELECTION  The' Independent Labor convention;  held on Wednesday, nig'ht, In Union;  hall, was a'great success, both in point  of numbers and the very generous1 way;  In ���which tho discussion took place..  From the start it "was eVident that'the  delegates were ���determined on getting  right ..'down to business, which they"  did and the result was that President;  Jos. Dixon aiiU' .Treasurer Francis  Williams of the Trades and "Labor*  council were nominated.''as' the standard-bearers of the .Independent Labor  party in the forthcouiiug provincial-'  campaign.  Following is a list of 127 delegates,'  who presented ftheir credentials' and,  took their seats:     .-.;���'  Vancouver   Typographical    Union-  Messrs.    Wilby,    Marshall,    Campbell,'  Woodruff,i;-,Coivan, Brand.   ..    '���'���.'  ' 'Boiler-Makers���Messrs.- Blain,   '6)a-  ter, 'Watklns,"'Watson.'   ,";l   ���?  United .'���Brotheithood.'.. of Carpenters  and : Joiners���Messrs. , Wilson,-.'. Paul,'-  Falconer, Dixon, Mckenzie, Sinclair.   ���  Amalgamated Society of Carpenters',  and      Joiners���Messrs.    Ross, - Sykes;'.  Schofield,    Morton,::, Col-yell,   ; J.    . T.  Bruce. ,     .������.-���.,'. ' '"���. ;i'  "':'.  Tailors���Messrs." Wi'liiams, Fletcher,  Wlialen; .Jclhnstbhj Kennedy, Hlgglas.;  ."plasterers���'Messrs. .Tyson,'. Love.!*  ~h Bricklayers arid,. Stbneniasbris-r-Mes'  srs. Barker,! Hogg, Harman, Brown,-  Jeffries; Talt. '���'" .���������������'���0 '��� ��� ,-v���-.".' .;���,'  - Painters���Messrs.! "Morrison,;';: Davis,'  Btoney, JMcSoriey; Cross, Crush,; White,  TompkliiB.      * .������-,  Street Railway men���Messrs. Thomas;  iienfesty, Russell,,'1 Ross, Harrison,  Barton, ; iPerry, Paxtnati, Brunt,.  Pearey.  Barbers���Messrs.     Dibden,     Isaacs,  McNab, Gilbert, Krause.   ;.. .  ,;Toolsharpeners���Mr.  Morgari.  , Bakers   and ,.Confec'tioners���Messrs.;  Salter, Webster,'Pliipps.. ',-��� "-.- ���  ���Railway Freight Handlers���Messrs.'  Rollins, Russell, Dodge,' Liliey, Wallace.   '-,....,       -.    ��� :.\] '.' ,'.''  'Stevedores���Messrs. 'Vials, Lumb,  King, AIcDonald, Miitheson, Sunly.  :  Stonecutters 7- Farrington, Kumble,'  Vick, Monck,���liawson.. ;   i),  iMoulders���Messrs. M'arsland, McJ  Lean, Brenchley, Orr.  Machinists���Kennedy, Watson; Littler, Beer,: McClain," Dodd.'  'Cigarmakere lnterna'tlondl Union-  Messrs. ���Thomas, Crow, Revero, Cope-  land, Mbrrlsy, Waxstoc'k."  Reliail Clerks���Messrs. McLean, MurJ  ray, Phillips,- Johnson, Peters, Meagher. . ��� ���-���;  Brotherhood of Trainmen���W. D.  Wood, P. McAllister.  Quarrymen���Messrs. Cosgfovc, Pews.  Amalgamated Society of Engineers���'  Messrs. Proctor Little, .Warwick, Cope-'  land.        :  Amalgamated Meat-cutters ���Messrs.-  ICeer, Fischer, Reichenbaek, Oertel.    '  . Plumbersr,   Gas   and   Steamfltters���  Messrs. Bfackmore, jr., Moran, Craig,  Harper. ' :      .'���-..-  Fishermen���Capt. Anderson Cap't.-  MeCarty, Rogers, Clark, Williams,  Murray, Phillips, McLean.  ==-.Mr.--iRalpli=Sinltlif--Ipresidertt^of=th'e-  T.rades and Labor congress of Canada,  was unanimously appointed chairman.  In the course of a very able but brief  address, iMr. Smith said that he had  felt It, to be his duty as president of  the Dominion Labor congress to pursue  tho. course as he had done with Regard to politics In this province. His  aim was to get labor Interests represented in the house. At the last general election he had felt it his dm-'  to cast in h'ls lot with' the ���Semlln  party, because Its platform of prln-  c'lples were to some extent In the Interest of labor,,and< so long as the  party kept doing good he was with it,  but when it deviated from that course  he was preiwired to oppose it. It wail  fortunate for labor men to be coiiiiecH  ed with a party of so small a majority.  He agreed that if there was a big majority, we would not in all probability*  have, got what good legislation we  did. Labor'Should have at all times rt  fair representation In the house. He*  did .not mean that those outside of orJ  gnnlzeil labor, by any means, should  not be re'presenlcil. He was not a  demagogue nor yet an' Idealist In this  regard. He believed in being ���reasonable, nnd he taught that lesson. The  public should be taken Into the confidence of labor and made to respect'  and' honor It. He was not particularly j>pposed to Mr. Martin, iMr. Wilson  ���or Mr. Turner us leaders, but he   took a  firm stand 'against them as  an  independent    labor   representative   when  they crossed his ideas.   Mr. Smith contended that it was notorious in polit-1  ical'h'istory that men must be shrewd  and 'intelligent if they Intended to accomplish any'thl.hg in  the way of re-  farm.    He was unable to detect any  grea;t difference between the Liberals  and Liberal-Conservative parties, perhaps the .reason he leaned more towards' the Liberals was .that he Svas  one In the 'Old country.   BUt :he be'  Iieved  credi't  should   be given Vhere  it was due, and in this   regard 'we  ought to feel gratified that the government at Ottawa had adopted the fair  wage clause on public contracts.i  Why  did they do.so?. It,was because,that  a small faction of independent memi  bers forced the goverrinien't to do this.'  As to (Chinese and Japanese restriction,1 the  authorities  at  Ottawa  did  not do anything.. He disapproved of  this fact, but thanked the members for  Burrard and Nanalmo for their. perJ  sistent work to get the promised1 legislation.   As a provinc��V we have no  authority; on  this question,    but   hd  wanted to exercise the rights we have:  He did not believe in fighting the Do-  m'riion or Imperial authorities, but we*  must exercise the J}. N. A. act .to tlie  fullest,     and ��� Avould.   say     to     Ulie  Imeprlal./auithorftles that; iveai-e .going,'to, exercise ,;th"emt..Mr.. Mailtin1 at  least ;i\*aei:rlght ;in ;'what he says on'  0,,.this.-,prlental'cheap'-labor'que'stion; ^.He  '���*���'  (Miv'Smltly, ���Siari't;oh"!it6^'3'a,y;rtliat-The''  had; no , use for'.'a man who wemt ,to  the. house and through the'mere.mat-.'  ter,;. of isplte, vote against a;good-me'a-  sure.'-. A good 'measure should be sup-  poted whatever party brough't It'in.  Mr. .Smith -was;delighted, with the' un-,  animity. of opinion shown by the convention 'tha't We should iiave 6ix "members or so to sft between tlie two old  parties Iri the house, and make them  keep itheir. pomises.   Ifwe .were,hidebound party men we could never exJ,  pect to accompllish anything from.thfe  present condition  of the  old .parties.  Worktngmen were just, as able to re  present themselves as, were..-the ���cap'-;  itallst and corporations were;able  to  represont:themselves..  Me,n who  are  liable to'get'a"big head ishould not be  sent to the-legislature, as there were  already top rnany swelled heads there.  Men must be sent to; the house, who  h'ave. the true regard for those whom*  they are, supposed: to represent.    To  Bo this  the  convention must  be unanimous in'fhe support of whoever-may  be selected, anil we.must cut down all  factional    and    cottifliotlhg     political  bplni'o.ns.    Corporations ��� ptiiy their  responsible 'servaints well for their-work,  "why, should.not our o.wn servants be*  paid well, and wear   just   ���as   good  clothes as his colleagues?  If we don't  get w-liut we want in the way,of legis'"  Iation, It Is our own 'fault  and  ive  have ourselves to blame.   Nevermind'  seintlmen't, but pome to the conclusion  that Iwe win chose our best men.  The following names were submitted  to Mie meeting as nominees: Joe Dixon,  President of the Trades and Labor  Council:. Francis Williams.Treasurer of  the Council: J. H. Watson, George  Bartley, Harry Cowan, E. McClain and  several others. Mr. Bartley declined  the-nomlnatlon_posltiy.e'.yfafor.=several:  Cowan also did not wish  reasons. Mr  his name to so forward, although several of his friends insisted upon voting  for him',.when it came to the ballot.  Several of the other gentlemen mentioned followed suit in wishing to retire, but it was decided, when the time  came for the ballot, that with the exception of Messrs.. Bartley and McClain, all the names should be put forward. The result of the first vote was  that Mr. Williams recorded 71 votes,  being n majority of those present; On  the second ballot, Mr. Dixon received  OS votes, and the two were declared tho  nominees of the Convention.  Both nominees spoke a few words of  thanks and appreciation of the honor  conferred on them and promised to  work In the best, lnterestn of labor.  On motion of Messrs. Cowan nnd  Marshall, an Kxccutlve Committee was  appointed as follows: Harry Cowan,  Chairman; J, H. Watson, J. Peary, G.  Wilby, J. C. Marshall,'George Hartley,.  W. Davis, MeCarty. Peters, C. Iloillns.  F. Russell, C. J. Salter, J. W. Paxnian,  G. Love, J. Dodds, G. Fletcher, J. Cos-  grave, W. Lawson, G. W. Isaacs, M.  LI.Hle. r. Moran, J. Sinclair, Stewart  Campbell. J. Crow, J. Jeffries, C. McDonald, J. Morton, W. Talt, H. Orr.  Captain Anderson, F.. Rogers, D. C.  Harrison.  The Executive Committee of the Independent Labor Party held a meeting  UNWISE AND UNTRUE..   . ���-���,  .It Is said that whom the gods wlslft  to destroy they first make mad.   AVIie-  ���ther or not this pertains to the Hon'  Joseph Martin we shall leave our readers to judge. .It can hardly be believed  that a politician regarded to be astute  andwhose lengthened political experience should have caused him to be prudent���no  matter  how   he   felt���would  have denounced the two labor candidates in this city as he did at the Government meeting In the City, Hall on  Thursday night last.   He declared that  lie would not accept support from them  when   none   had   been   tendered,  and  speaking for his Government, said:   "It  will not remain in office If It has to  depend   upon   men' not  elected   in   its  support."; :We quote from  the report  In the News-Advertiser, which we have  every  reason   to . believe  is, accurate;  "Should it require two  votes- to keep  it.. In power," the Premier stated that  It'would not accept the-votes, of two  Independent   labor   memliers- for   that  purpose,  but would . say, ..'.'No, thank  you.".   If ...It; was. not  strong .enough  without them it would'resign.'  He stigmatized   the   nomination  of :the  two  candidates as an insidious attack upon  the Government, influenced, largely by  Mr. -Ralph Smith.whose only objection  to. the Government was the disagreement with  it  upon-its  action  re- the  Crown  grant made. by. the-late Gov-,  ernment to;the .New ,Vancouver. Coal  company.'' ,',It,Is' a far-awaj-vc.ry from  England 'to'British .Columbia; but can  any-sahe'-perSWi1 imagine'a-r'leader-of  public 6plnioncprofessing to hold somewhat radical views denouncing.In. this  slashing fashion a true friend of labor  like John Burns, not to mention others  .whose names will readilysuggest them-  ,selves?  We, use the word, "professing"!  advisedly, because we believe it is mere  pretence.   Only the other day organised  and unorganised laborin Winnipeg put  one of their class (Mr.^Puttee) Into the  Held  for the House of Commons, and  we., are proud to. say he won: .and his  conduct |h Parliament since he entered  it has been: such as to reflect infinite  credit upon himself and upon the intelligent electorate of, the Prairie Capital.    Who .opposed  him?   Mr.,".:E.. D,'  Martin, a brother of the Horn. Joseph  Martin.  And who spoke in ftvor of Mr.  E. D"T Martin, and against Mr. Puttee?  The  Hon.   Joseph   Martin,: of  British  Columbia, who went out of his way.to  visit Manitoba and endeavor to.secure  the defeat of;Mr. Puttee,.who Is the  only union member in the House and  who is    recognized .as   a tower. of  strength   to   the 'labor..cause. ���;   Now,  when the supporters of 'that cause are  endeavoring to place Its advocates In  the'field we find him pursuing the same  tactics���pouring cold,water on the aspirations and affording them,a gratuitous   insult   by: proclaiming .that' lie  would  not  In  any events accept  their  services.   We can assure the Premier  that If,he does not des|re them he will  not hav.e them thrust upon,him, but In  our opinion if he makes such "breaks"  as that of; Thursday: evening- he. will  have no opportunity to take the initiative In the matter.   -The nominations  made by the Trades and Labor council  have been received by labor generally  in the most enthusiastic-manner, and  It will be found that when the votes  are^-e.Qiinted=ithe=ivictors'=names=will-  comprise  JOSEPH DIXON '.���.���'���  ance, who eulogized Mr. Puttee, M. P.,  for his magnificent work at Ottawa..  The executive of the election committee showed that the party was In a/  nourishing condition. Win. Scott and  Ernest W. Hague were appointed  treasurer and secretary respectively.  The sub-committee on organization,  presented a report outlining a plan of  campaign, recommending that supporters be appointed In each of the 66 polling sub-divisions to acquaint themselves thoroughly with the electors'in  each district, these to report to u chairman of each of the three electoral divisions of the city. -|  The following resolution -received.tha.  hearty/and unanimous support of the'  meeting: ��� ������ .-������ .-'  "Resolved���That  this mass, meeting:  of. labor men  electors of  the . city o�� /  Winnipeg takes this opportunity of ex-<  pressing its confidence in Mr. A. W4  Puttee.  M.-P.v. :     .''  "That we  endorse" his action  in  all  the Important legislation that has en-  ,S'aged the attention of parliament during the present session, and particularly that directly affecting the interests  of workingmen.   His able advocacy, of  the fair wage resolution, applying to:  all public works, and his effort to, se-.  cure the, standing increase of salaries '  to post office employees, as well as ad- '���'.  ditional post office facilities throughout;  this city, are matters on which we express our hearty approval.  "Resolved also that we endorse his  action in opposing the grant of a ui'o'n- '  opoly of the railways of this province1:  to the C. P. R. without proper conditions attached, safeguarding the interests of, the people, and making p"*oyi-:.  sion for government acquisition of'-,  these lines at cost of construction. ���"������  .. ,  "Resolved also  that  we.declare our.'  hearty approval of the bill Introduced  by him In amendment to the Dominioa .'���  Elections act, in Which it is proposed.  to; abolish   the  ?200. deposit  required-;  from   candidates,  and   to  Introduce   al'  plain common sense ballot and extend :  the hours of polling until' S  p:. m. la-  city districts.   ���.'.,.���'. ������-.  ..'"The; earnest efforts of. Mr.  Puttee.'-.:  In furtherance of these and other mea-'"  sures, of public interest -to ������ the. west,''.'  and to labor men generally throughout  the  Dominion, commands our cbnfid-i   -  ence  and   unqauilfied    approval,    and!  ::  such is the expression of this meeting."���'  ' 6     ���   ���   '    - '.   ' "������'''..': ���' -" ���-.   --."���'  LACROSSE.;,;:.;.;,:; 'j.':'-  The 'initial senior'liieross'e game of  the se��soriat Brock'tbn Pol,tit last Saturday resulted inaivin-for.New West-'���'������'���.���.  minster, the .score being four.to Van- -.,;���  couver's'oiTe. . There was;;a ;b'igi audi-  :  ence;a.nd; the weather ;was:good,':Iike-v-:  wise.^^ the 'game;-:'������:-'V*i'nc6W&;%a��'.:wili-.;i-.'-:  ing to bank Itisireputatlon. brithe Jiom'e; .  guard.' consequently.': a defeat, was- dlts- ,���'  n Dpoir.ltinp;. Neiv 'Westuiihster was :als>!>'; ;  sanguine o'f success and their expe'eta-:  tlons |were realized.   T.hcscore' by no M."���  means reflects the individual .playing :..::  ���of the team.  Sometimes s'wiftilacrosse;  was put up.and sdmetimes the play V  was very rag'ged; 'but everything conV  sidered ithe play, 'was above the aver-;..'  ���aire.-.: The home field playersiof Van-;;  coui-er were up against 'the-'strongest.  possible  defence  in-western' Canada,;  and  this being the fact they."did' ex- .--:'  tremely well, seeing that the combina- "  tlon, have not played together before. ' ���  Vancouver's wealjiiess, if it ".rhay'^be"'.���';'..  styled so, ih'as been for the past few, '.'  years on the home field.  But strength-, :  erring this, -the defence-must :not ,be :: :  weakened.: This is mentioned- because:,  so'me of the players suggest 'that'a���'���'���"  change should be made in this regard." ;-:  Vancouver has a splendid aggregation  of players. .;;..;..-.;  Tihe executive committee metThurs-  day night and transacted routine bus- :  iness.   Next meelting 'will be heId.:on"  the 29th. . <'   ;  .and  'FRIANCIS WILLIAMS.  whose support, because of their inherent merits, will Include not alone  the working classes but the best elements that represent our electorate:'  SUBSCRIPTIONS TO THE CAMPAIGN FUND.  Subscription , to   the cninpnlfrn   fund  will bei thankfully received al this of-  floe:-'.-":  The Independent.... .. .... .. ..$10 00  A Friend..   ..   li 00  Chns. Queen.. .. ..  ..  .. .... ..   ( oo  SMOKE KURTZ'S UNION-MADE  CIGARS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz '& Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's own," "Kurtz's Ploneegs,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" arc tlielr best  brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. The above brands are made  of the best imported Havana, and by  expert union workmen In Vancouver.  . ��� ,    INDEPENDENT  LABOR.  ' i  The Independent party and others of  Winnipeg held n mass meeting Saturday night.  There was a big attend-  -/   THE TURF.   V'  .:;"?:::-."':  "Fortune favors the "brave'V'-'and'-' the  daring experiment  of the Vancouver.  Jockey Club  in  giving : a  meeting, soy.'  early In .the racing; season seems now' .  to judge by the.equine arrival list, to  be crowned with success.   The new executive of, the club has. gone to work'  with a will and are determined to show;  the club's patrons that they are workers for tlie cause, and will leave nothing undone to promote good sport and:  send   their  visiting  patrons  home  on   :  Thursday next well-satisfied with the  fl'2.t.4layXj^chng*_^itthe=season.==:Thc^=:  "services  of  the  band   have  been   engaged, and as music always'enlivens  things,   t here  will  be    nothing    dull  a!  Hastings on  race day.    There'are  already    here    the    following horses:  .lael, Wild Het, Cloister Belle. Diana.  Easel, Indigo. '.Ma fa da O'Connell, Little Princess. Nells. Sorrel Dan. Little "  flesslii and Black Alder. Freddie C, Redi  Spinner, Thunderer, .Miss Ovid, J3uhler,  .Maty Anderson and several others front  the, Sound. California, ietorla and up-  country are dally expected, so the fields  for the" various events will be numer-,  ous.    The club will decide on Monday-",  as  to  whether  another day's   racing:,.,  shall be held oii-'Saturday next.'       "' '*  VANCOUVER "ROWING  CLUB REGATTA.  Te following crews will compoto-'nt'thq-  flrst  annual   regnMn . or   the  Vancouver-  Itnivlng club which will bo hold on Sat-  urdny ihe 19th  Inst.: . j.  No. 1 Crew:  stroke. E. E. Lloyds 3, ,1. J. Thompson;-  2, 1!. Hoult; bow, ].*, Snlsbtiry.  No. 2 Crow:  Stroke, E. II. Gruhhe: .1, J. R. Sage; 2.  John  Brown;  bow, H.  Cambie.  No,  3 Crow:  Stroke,  H. O. Alexander; 3, D. Robin-'  son; 3, II. 13. Findloy; bow, R. c. Splnks...;,.  No. A Crew: ��lf''  Stroke, G. W. Seymour; .I, a. A. Boult*^'���":'"  2, J. F. Ellis; bow, W. Rowan.  No. 5 Crew:  Stroke, P. W. Charlcson; 3. J. D. Bell:-  5, G. Ijatrcrly; bow, J, H. Garden.  a  1  i  1  m tf  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY   ....MAT 19. 1300)  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO.  BARTLEY.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LAHOR  THE 1NDEPKNDE-NT PitlNTING- COMPANY.  AT   312    HOMER "STREET,   VANCOUVER,   H.   C.  SU'SCRIl'TIOXS   IN   ADVANCE.  'A week, 5 cents: month, 15 cents; three1  month.*, :H cents; six  months, 115 cents;  one year, <fl.il. ,  ENDORSED   BY   THE   THADES" AND  ..LABOR   COUNCIL  SATURDAY M'AY 19, laOC  Platform of  Following is Ihe Labor" ^Platform  adopted by the Vancouver Trades and  Labor Council for the ensuiwf campaign.   Read it:.'   '  1. That upon a. petition being, presented to the Government asking for  ���the repeal of the exising LawCor the  enacting of a new law, the Government  shall be compelled to -take a plebiscite  and  repeal or  enact as, the  majority  'voting may decide. The petition to be  signed by a number equal,to 10 per  cent, of the vote cast at the previous  election.  2. That eight hours shall constitute  a day's work.  3. That the contract system on all  public works be abolished and a minimum wage based on local conditions  be paid.  4. That no more public land be alienated by deed or Crown grant to corporations or individuals, but that it be  ���leased in perpetuity subject only; to a  fair rental value.'       ".���  '..   ���       - vp  5. That all taxes on industry and the  products of Industry be gradually abolished, and the.revenue of the municipal and Provincial .governments be  derived by a. tax on land values;  G. Free compulsory education; free  educational materials, and free, maintenance when necessary.  7. Government inspection" of all in-  'dustries.  S. Public ownership ' of all franchises, such ,.as railways, telegraphs,  telephones and all industries that partake of the nature of a monopoly.  9. The Union Label on nil manufactured goods supplied the Government,  iwhere, practicable.  10. Abolition of property qualification for all public ofllces, and no money  , deposit to be required when the candidate's nomination is "endorsed by 100  electors in cities and 50 electors in  rural districts.  12. Liability of employers for Injury  to health, body or life.   -\  13." That a. clause be inserted In all  charters granted by the Government,  making it necessary, that.a minimum"  ���wage of $2.50 a day be paid.  1.4. The total' abolition of  Chiueso and .Japanese 11111111-  gration.  BEWARE     OF     ANTI-ELECTION  "PROMISES.  INDEPENDENT LABOR CAND1-  .{t. DATES.  We are gratified to anounce in this  Issue the candidature of two straight  put-and-out Independent Labor men  lor seats In the legislature of this province at the genera] elections now al-  most upon us. The choice has fallen  upon two good men and true, who will  prove faithful to the trust reposed In  ithem :by their fellow-Vorkors, in the  persons of Joseph Dixon and Francls-  [Wllllams, whose nomination, an ac-  iBou-i't of 'Which appears elee'where, wan  made unanimous at the convention,  amid hearty cheers. While slight dif-  'kerences of opinion occurred, as they  naturally always do, in gatherings of  that character over matters of mere  ''detail, the convention ended harmon  iously, each delegate filled with a determination to carry the standard-  bearers of the party to victory on tne  ninth day of June next, and to thus  make the voice of labor hoard in no  unmistakable tones in the legislative  halls of l'rltish Columbia, where there  is urgent need for extensive reforms  in the interests of those who toil and  represent tin; real wis ill til and, to a  large extent, tho worth of any country- . " ���       ,j  JOE DIXON���lie Is lies' kti'own by  tlml name���came here before the great  lire that devastated the city and the  spli'iulld rescue 'work he did at ���that  time is still fresh in the memory w'  those who passed through that ih-r.v  ordeal, lie assisted, too, in his n�� n  strenuous manner, in cleaning up the  debris and making IL possible for Ihe  citizens to found new homes aii'l to  re-establish themselves. For this labor  uf lovo he received much praise at tin*  time, and which redounded greatly to  his ciedit. Mr. Dixon has always���  except for a brief period when he  went into business for himself���been  connected with the Carpenters' Union  ajid is at line present lime, in the capacity of foreman, working day in ���..ml  day out at his trade as carpenter and  joiner. He -was the first president (of  the local Trades and Labor Coun-Ml  mid has tilled three terms, lSStl-iiO and  now in l'JOO, a sufficient evidence ct his  popularity among those, with whom he  has been so long associated. Still a  young man, an easy, llueiit and graceful speaker, possessing an educated  mind and filled with practical ideas,  Mr; Dixon should reflect honor upon  the class from Which lie springs if he  is successful In reaching the -larlia-  mentary halls at Victoria as we art*  confident he will..  - FRANCIS WILLIAMS, his colleague  on Hie ticket, is a tailor by occupation,  Mild for the last couple of years has-  been, a hard-working member of the  Trades and Labor council and Is now  its treasurer. To him, in a large measure is due the obtaining of Union Hair  ���the former Homer-street Methodist*  churcii���as the home"of, Unionism, infills city, for'he managed .the', finances'  during the negotiations and worked  hard to ensure success. M'r. Williams  holds a high character for the strictest  morality, .coupled witli a broad-mindedness that wins him friends everywhere. He is strong on the .platform'  and can hold his own with any of the  candidates now in the field or likely  to be. We believe him to..be assure  winner. ���  Now that action 'has been taken and  the candidates are before the. electorate for endorsation, it only remains  for the workingmen to say whether-  they will stand by them, ns 'a unit or  not; if they follow the former course-  success is certain, if the latter it may  be difficult to achieve victory. We,  therefore, call upon the workingmen of  Vancouver to let the dead past bury  its dead, sink all personal feeling,''  close up their ranks'and from now nil  until the last vote is polled leave *io  stone unturned to .secure the return1  of their champions., Messrs. Dixon  and AVilliams as honest, progressive,  clever men will, too, commend themselves to the voters generally, and outr,  side the labor element, will obtain a  support as. strong .as It is deserved.  We trust that they will receive that  financial help which, is necessary and'  that each will give to the election fund  according, to his means. Neither of t'he.  candidates have large 'corporations or  piled up money bags behind them"1  they confidently rely upon the plain'  people to lend them asistance in every  ���way, and in that event the night of the  ninth of June will be a memorable*  anitglorious one in llie annals ot laibbr  in the commercial 'metropolis of this  province, throbbing with lusty vigor*  and entering upon what promises to-  be  a splendid  career. Labor can, do  nobody pitied or helped them.,, The  workingman, for some trifling insubordination, or because he would not'  bend the knee to his haughty oppressor, was discharged, the wife and  children starved, and the millionaire,  clad in purple and line linen, with his  gold, gave no thought to the sufferings his victims endured. It was a  barbarous state of affairs, and phil-  antrophic men saw that a remedy must  be applied. Many of our readers have  probably an intimate acquaintance  with that splendid work, "Quo Vadls,"  a dramatization ot which was recently  presented In this city, and which must  have .thrilled all who heard it. The:  cruel Nero, who Ilddled while Rome  I burned, had driven into the arena, to  be destroyed by wild bulls those who,  under the saintly inlluence of I'eler,  had embraced the new fallh and who  crying, "1 believe," met death with  a fortitude that was born of sublime  faith. The vision of the Cross appeared, nnd the Roman empire crumbled  to its decay. So with the Labor movement. Ground down by centuries ot  ;i|,pt'ession, there arose m*:: with aspirations as lofty as Peter's who welded into a powerful organization, for  the common good, what is known as  Unionism, a word expressive In itself  of the Ideals It seeks. If there ever  was on llie face ot the globe an organization more benevolent in its purposes,  one seeking more the betterment of out-  fellow men, it was only that which  Jesus of Nazareth, in his divine mission, completed, and which, though  His disciples were the poorest of the  poor, like Peter himself, transformed  a world of heathenism into the sunshine, land that under God's providence  has been the theme of poets, scholars  and 'philosophers-.since the early ages  until the present day. And the Union  idea is merely an outcome ot that  grand thought, which exemplifies the  broadest Christianity and the essence  of loving-kindness among the children  of men. The tyrant can no longer drive  his sheep to the shambles as Nero did,  no longer can young children be torn  to pieces by frenzied animals goaded  on to their devilish work by every  means that inhuman monsters could  devise���the days of Neroism are over.  So are those ot capitalistic extortion,  of the curshlng-out the life-blood of  the children of a common Father, for  Unionism has stept In and cried,  "Hands Off," an injury to one Is an  injury to all, and we propose to defend  those who, as individuals, cannot defend themselves. Hence the innumerable strikes that have taken place during the past few years. Arc they not  in many Instances justified? The plutocrat says "No, it is a. disgrace to  civilization," while the foodless home:  and the little mound In the graveyard,  where the beloved child of a .household sleeps, testify to the cruellies of  those who pile millions upon millions  and reek in the very blood of the innocents. Capital has its undoubted,  rights, and Unionism respects them���  there is no body that ever was originated more ready to mnke reasonable  concessions and to meet those with'  whom it has disagreements half-way,  and. to even concede a point or two���  but like the sign ,.of the Cross Hint  heralded Christianity witli' its beneficent results, Unionism paved the Way  to a better and" brighter day for the  tolling masses, who theretofore were  the patient drudges of conscienceless  taskmasters. Organized labor now exercises a potent influence for good.tin-  world over, and if unorgaplzed labor  consulted its best 'interests It would,  by; entering the Union, strengthen  the hands of the vast army of those  who are not lighting capital ,but are  raising a wall against unfair treatment, not to use words that might  properly be made harsher. Those who  "buck," to use a vulgarism, Unionism  only inflict injury upon themselves.  enco of the workingmen of British Columbia, the insult offered him in the  sentences quoted above call for the  severest condemnations If the opponents of Mr. Martin desired campaign-  literature that .would assist them they  could not wish for anything better  than such contemptible, false and  shameful articles as that which appeared in The World, of Wednesday,  concerning Mr. Ralph Smith, whose  honesty of Intention and Absolute Incorruptibility cannot be i|iiestinneil.  Supporting the union cause as Tho In-  deiiendent does It would be untrue to  lis principles did It not take the'  earliest .opportunity to protest ngulnst  such gross libels upon a man against  I whoso private or public character n��  tone can nay u word. We have no  doubt that more will be heard of this  matter. "  much by placing Its representatives it"  the council halls of the country.' to-  bring about this most desirable result.  Earnest, continuous, untiring work'  will prove the truth of our motto,'  Labor Omnia A'incit. i  THE UNION CAUSE.  There are a great many people who  have the most.misleading notions concerning the1 alms of what may be termed, In a general way, the cause of  Labor, and especially the principles  of Trades Unionism, which Is ho active  a factor to-day In the political, economic and soclnl life ot this great world  ot Incessant activity. Until recent  years, when the paramount Influences  ot the capitalist and the grinder-down  of the poorer classes held sway, when  the tyrant lord could discharge his unprotected employees without a day's  notice, Labor inny be said to have been  synonymous with serfdom. There was  no cohesion among the vast army of  those who create wealth, no endeavor  to assert the dignity that surrounds  the person of the same clay from which  the aristocrat descends, like dumb cattle they were led to the slaughter, and  AN INFAMOUS ATTACK.  ^'The fact is-that-'Mr..Ra1nh Smlth-is1  travelling in the interest of Ralph'  Smith and the New A'ancouver Coal  Company, .and of no other person or  parties whatsoever. For himself he-  hopes to gain high public office, power  and glory, and with a great Corporation behind him these things 'may some  day be his. But the man who is working In the Interests of a large iCom-  pnny Is acting the hypocrite when lie  goes abroad and affects to lie consumed ' by enthusiasm for the working  classes. It Is not love for the laborer  that impels .Ralph Smith to attack the  Premier, the best friend labor ever had.  Ifp has to pay ia price tor the aid ho  Is obtaining, nnd that price Is utter  opposition to Joseph Martin. Like air  honest man, Ralph Smith Is paying  for whnt he has bought."���The rWni'ld.  It can hardly lie believed that n  (billy newspaper of any prominence  wihild publish such ji din'tilue upon  the president of the Dominion Trades'  and Labor congress���an olllceiwih'iuli In  Itself should command respect, apart  entirely from the personality of Its occupant. Rut when lt Is known that  Mr. Ralph Smith is one of the best  and truest friends the labor cause' In  this province ever had, that no corporation!/or individual: could, buy or  control him, that he possesses In the  highest degree the respect and conlld-  TH13 APPROACHING ELECTIONS.  Now that the newspaper war boom  is not agitating:-) the public mind so  much us lt did before the taking of  Lndysmith, the daily publications are  filling their puges with political news,  some say political rot. Column after  column is devoted every day to the  political gatherings and conventions of  Ihe two "great parties," and tu the  doings of llie horde of politicians and  tuft-hunters that are gathering round  the party leaders like buzzards around  a defunct mule. Tories and Gills tiro  alike pledging all sorts of things, and  their good-will lo "organized labor,"  nnd each declare that their parly Is  the only one that has at heart the  "best Interests of the worklngineii."  The "outs" are criticising the "ins,"  and if only tlie Tories can get In we  arc assured that the government will  be conducted in an "upright and dignified" manner, and that a new era  of prosperity will be ushered in. It  is, in fact, a sort of political see-saw,  in which deluded WORKINGMEN'DO  THE BALANCING. A leader of one  of our provincial parties says, "I have  no use whatever for so-called Independent candidates, and 1 think no constituency can make a greater mistake  than to send to parliament a man who  is on neither side of politics." Some  of our hide-bound party workingmen  throw up both hands lo this and say  Amen! The Wily political heelers move  around pretty slick, especially if a government job is in sight, and accomplish  their purposes to Hie queen's taste.  Our parties have been, and are, the  curse of this country���no matter what  names they are designated by. They  have been devised to befog the cause  of labor's poverty and pitiable state,  and with the object ot dividing labor  into two or more party factions, lighting against each other, thus preventing  them from uniting to secure their own  legislation toward treeing themselves  from wage-slavery. "I would rather  jump in the inlet than vote for either  of the great parties," said an old-time  reformer, the other day. and we think  that this is the, spirit that should animate all well-disposed social-reformers. What have WE to do with petty'  oplitlcal Issues, raised on such occa-  pulitlcal issues? They are merely dust  thrown in the eyes ot the working  class, who, we are sorry to sny, are  prone to suspicion, if any one says that  the bait is spurious. These political,  promises are all merely evasions of the  great ���question now confronting the)  world���capital versus labor. And the  sooner this is realized, both by prejudiced and unprejudiced parly people,  the better It will be for us all. By  all means let us vote for men fresh  from our own ranks, and who are tor  the people's welfare���first, last and nil  the time, rather than for those who  will die for the party. Workingmen  must learn to give and take with one  another, and as well, trust each other,  if they intend to ever accomplish anything. Our principal task at present,  however, Is one of thorough organization, nnd until this can be accomplished,  the great problem  will  remain  in  the dark, and you can rest assured  that politicians and political grafters  will never bring it to day-light.  Canadians are recognizing more and  more Ihe value of life Insurance. Thus  the aggregate new business ot 45 companies affecting life Insurance In Canada was In 1S0S represented by 107,fir>l  policies, standing for $07,401,210, ns  against 97.D4*) policies tor *ri5,,'148,30:i in  1898: The aggregate life Insurance In  force at the end of Inst year In Canada  came lo $40l.i::.r',r.!i;i, agulnst *f:iG!l.ilOS.8Cr,  in 1898. The growth of life Insurance  tlius reported Is reinurkable and Hat.-  isfaetory. In respect of It the "Monetary Times," of Toronto, udds by the  way that life companies are now proportionately Insuring more nnd assessment concerns less.  It. Smith. Mr. Ilawthnrnthwalte and'  William' -Woodmnn have gone on u  tour Into mainland constituencies for  the purpose of putting In Independent  labor candidates and speaking at Severn! places. It Is Mr. Smith's Intention to spenk ilrstl at Revelstoke on  the 18th inst. Then be wtol go direct  to Rossland. iNelson, ICnslo, and back  to Revelstoke, In order named. He  -will hold two meetings at Kamloops.  ftlr. Smith will then come to Vancout-  ver, arriving here on the 28th, when  a grand rally of the Independent labor  party will be held In support of Messrs. Dixon and Williams.  Can1) have too muchol il, eh!  So wear one of our new,  PATRIOTIC ~'-"E=---^  STIC.&S  *  and you will bo inline. We  have Llii'iii in innumerable  designs���Hair, nml,khaki effects in puffs, bows, knots and  four-in-hands, L  25, 30, 50, 60 Cents.  170 Cordova St,  COR. CA.MIHE.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOI.K-i.U.K ASH I1CTA1I. 1>KA LIT. IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Con do va St/'Th-onk 442  Sick People,  Piirtleularly the laboring man, want tho  VERY-BEST medicine it is possible to.  .procure. Why? lleeauscit means dollars to be kept from work, through,  cheap second-class'drugs. We use only  the best, mid employ oalv skilled l.ihor .  . to dispense your doctor's lilESCKiP- '  TIOXS. No seal, labor for us. We di>  everything on the union principle.  SEYMOUR,  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COR. SEYMOUR AND  HASTINGS STREETS  The First, Labor Paper pub-  ��lisliod in the interest of . .  �� labor and wc are the First  �� Store to servo tho public .  ��The Cheapest Reading  �� in Yancouver "==r/-  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones. . .,,-.  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Just Arrived T  A Splendid Assortment  of Men's, Youths and . .-.  Children's" '  ���  *  Clothing  In the Xowl'si StyU-sniid Colors.  STANLEY WHITE & CO.,  50-J Westminster Ave.,  Vancouvea, 1-J.G  Aii Irnportai'it Grocery Event   UP-TO-DATE   Stock Sacrifice  It's not himl to create enthusiasm  with thesis prices:  (���lufiirine. old ltroivn Windsor Soup, i")  eakes formic.  Kieclrie. Soup, 9 cukes for 2."*c.  (Nini'O Soup, fi cukes for �������<!.  Cul.l Dusi WusliiiiK Powder, <i puck*  i��kcs for Itfc.  ivnrline, fi jmektiRcs for 'Sic,  s.ilimm. "> mi'- for 'i'le.  -t'uiMip, :J bottles fnr2>~M!.  I'h'kles, 2 bottles for '.Me.  linking Powder, 1-lh tins, We.  Kinpire Ten, :i Mis for 11.  Kmpire linking Powder, 1-lh this, 2.*>o.  Jinijiire linking Powder, .r>-lh tins, $1.  I��VI0I*YTHIN<I    1CI.K1C   KOUAI���r.Y   I^OW,  UKAD CAUICKULLY.   SEND YOUR OKDKIt KAKLY.   GOODS DKLIVKR12D QUICKLY.  THE CITY GROCERY COMPANY  Tuluplinnc 'JW. ,  TUB WO.NDHItKUI. CIIICAI' CiKOCEItS.  Cormsr Westminsttir .\voinifiiiml Princess Street.  Will liny a two-storeyed  house, with all modern  improvements, on Harris  street, close to Westminster avenue. For full particulars apply to  Mahon, M'f arland��> Mabon, Ltd|  5-11 TI listings Street.  Cigar and Tobacco More  46 CORDOVA STREET,  We make a specialty of Union-maok Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  IT MAKES RICH BLOOD. ;  Gold Seal old Risen port, 00 cents a  bottler���the best tonic you ever used.  Gold Seal 'Liquor company, 740 "Pender  street. .  J. A. CATES,  Master.  [.(.���lives Kvnns Colciiiiiii **; Kvmis' wlitirf. Vnii-  Hiiiviir, uvi'ry ilny ill K:ir, n. m., fm- lirliiiiinlu  mini!. Ilmv�� fciimd, ruliiriiltii; niiiiii iliiv. Kv-  uryMUNIUY.WKDXEKIlAV.iinilSATUkUAV.'  HrltiiuiiiH Mine, .SIiiiiiiioh'n l!ri<-k Yuril, inuiilli  in Si|iinmi8li river, In river when tlilo nulla,"  aiid wny pnrla.  KVKllY TUKSDAY AND 1'RIDAY - Ilrltilll-  iiii-.Mlnuliy.wiiy of (Hbson's Knii-ling, eiillin-'  at all lot-glut: Cuiiips. i.  ������  KVKRY THUItSIMY ��� ltritniihla Mine mill  wiiy porta.  The numt lieiiulifnl scenery In:British- Co-  lninlilaiin this ronle; fine llshins nnd shooting  ��t Kquitmlsh river. For rutes upply ftt Kvans,  ('oleninn & '-'vans' wlmrf,oronljimrdhteiunship  Dcliiinee.  IK   YOU   WIHH.  YOUR EYES  TESTED FREE  (.'nil mi iiiirllni'lor of Optics, nml tin will  nlllhiKly I'oinply wllh your rajuest.  David so 11  Bros.,  MB Ciinlovii Slreut.  CALL"   At the 'vorkiuj-iniurs u-atdimukor nml Jeweller  .heforo liureliiishiK nuvuiieru else, lie is known  through II. (J. for good nml clienp wiuclioa itno*.  juwelry.   \V��ti;h repairing n specialty.  L HERMAN,  130 Cordova Street, opposite Savoy  Thcr.tre, Vancouver. HA-TITR-DAY .",.';. ^ItXt 19, I90O  THE INDEPENDENT.  .-^  Don't Buy Hardware  Till you see Ours--the largest and best,  MOST  UP-TO-DATE  STOCK  Hardwood Mantles.  // Our stock needs no introduction as we  have kept it up to date, and have now got over  thirty different styles to choose from. We are  selling-agents for the Rockford Mantle Company the largest concern in America and their  goods are only to be seen to be admired.  Fire-place, Grates.  �� We  are sole agents for  the   Dawson  Grate and Dawson Beauty Grate, made in  any finish, and are the most up-to-date Grate  manufactured.  Our Stock is very large and those intending building will be well repaid by a visit to  our show room. We have Glazed, Unglazed,  Imbossed, Vitrious, also Circular Ceramic Mosaic Tile���suitable for halls and vestibules.  Parquet Floorini  It is here to stay and we have it forTsale  and can show you a nice variety of patterns.  langes.  We are .*-ole agents for the Great Majestic Range���the only malleable Iron and Steel  Range manufactured and it will last alife time.  High-class Building Hardware  We have the largest stock in the Province, and mind���the look of your house inside  depends on the. class of Hardware, you have  ?^'  it furnished with.   .  Heavy Hardware.  Bar Iron and Steel, Steel G/able, Crucible  Steel Wire Rope, Plough Steel Wire, Rope,  Manilla Rope, Coil Chain, Spades and Shovels,  Wire Nails, Cut Nails, Galvanized and Black ,  Wrought Spikes, Anchors, Linseed Oil, Genuine and No. I White'Lead, and everything you.?  ask for in an up-to-date Hardware Store.  ,. ���.*��� -  Mail orders receive prompt attention"  Wholesale 'and Retail.  McLennan,  9  DAWSON CITV. N. W. T.  12:2 Qordcyva St.,';VANCOlIVER,;B.Q.;  'GI.-NTLBMEN,-  Mr. Somlin having resigned the leadership- of the Provincial Party, which he  *had held since 1S34, I have accepted the  position at the unanimous request of the  members of the Legislature who supported tho late Government.  I am opposed to the introduction of  Federal party lines Into the conduct of  Provincial affairs. I believe that the Interests of the Province can be served  best by the hearty co-operation of men  of both Federal parties.  I(     In 1897 Mr. Somlin as the Leader of the  Provincial Party sot forth the main features   of   its   policy.   They   comprised   an  1 equitable redistribution of electoral representation; greater economy and more el-  1 flclency in the Civil Service; a liberal expenditure on public works, but more careful supervision  ot  the  outlay;  the  dis-  ��1 -couragement  of    Oriental    immigration;  ���better administration of the public lands  In the interests of actual settlers and industrial   enterprises;   the  repeal   of  tho  mortgage  tax and  the abolition  of the  tax on men working in mines for wases  find a radical chance in the manner in  ���which' aid for the construction of railways  -,1b" granted. --'Y"-..   .'  The record of the Party "for the eight.  een months during which it was In power  Bhows that it adhered  faithfully to  the  , policy outlined by Mr. Somlin and to tlio  pledges given at the Elections in 180S.  .    It abolished the mortgage tax and the  tax on working miners.  It effected econ-  J omies in the cost of thu Civil Service and  ., made it more '.efficient.     It stopped   the  I sale of large tracts of land to specula-  Vtors.  It  carried  on  public .works   in  a  /more businesslike manner.  While'It was  .prevented by the.decision of the Judicial  /Committee of .the Privy Council and the  J veto of the Dominion Government from  f carrying out air Its measures for the re-  V>striotion  of  Oriental    competition    with  l*white labor, its_ urgent   representations  rTiave_s"ecuftKi~arprbmise from the'Domin-  t "on Government that it will pass leglsla-  1 lion at this session ot Parliament to re-  1'strict  Oriental   immigration.  It  stopped  [the system.of granting immense tracts  f of land to,railway, companies without any  I tangible 'return therefor-or control over  . freight rates.  It Introduced a Bill to give  ' a more equitable distribution of electoral  J representation than now exists and would  B nave succeeded In the object for which  jthe people have struggled for years but  [lor tho action of some who placed their  [own  ambitions  before  the  public  good,  I and   tho ���' gratification  of  personal: spite  1 -before tlio fulfilment of, their pledges. It  restored order in the Provincial finances  , and provided for the discharge of deficits  I nccumnlatod   before  It.came  Into  office  I by a loan negotiated at a higher "price nnd  wltiriess expense than in any previous  Issue.  n   .From the -foregoing it will bo seen that  B*\lie Provincial Party v. hen In power car-  fried  out the pledges mndo by It to  tlie  electors.  v    While   pledging   the   Party to do Its  I', ">cst to carry out those parts of the pol-  7 icy enunciated  in 1897,  which  have not  yet been accomplished,    there are  now  I other questions which demand attention.  On their prompt and satisfactory solu-  I lion depend, to a great extent,   the pro-  . ktcss of the Province and the prosperity  of all classes of its people.  Among these matters one of tho most  [.���Important is the opening up of all parts  I iff British Columbia"by railways.   In the  past large tracts  of land and consider-  'latle sums of monev have been granted  1 to aid ttie construction of railways but  the results have not been commensurate  with the assistance which was given.  The Immediate construction of 1,000  miles' of new railways would still leavo  many parts of the Province without railway facilities. Variojus proposals have  ben made with & view to extending the  length of railways in the Province.  Among those the construction and operation of railways by the Province has  been prominently advocated. I am myself in favor of the.State ownership of  railways and other works of a-similar  character when the conditions are such as  to muke it feasible. But I think that.those  who urge that the Province Immediately  enter on .such a policy overlook the fact  that the conditions hero are very different from those which prevail 'in-.'Australia and New Zealand, countries referred to in support of the argument for  Suite ownership. They have the control  of the revenue from Customs and Inland  Revenue receipts. We have neither of  those sources, but can only fall back on  direct taxation. Our credit and ability  to borrow are, therefore, very limited  and our present possible resources quite  inadequate to meet the cost of constructing 300 or 400 miles of railway, amounting to from" JIO.000,000 to 1*0.5,000,000. Even  could such a sum be borrowed it would  be only on terms'so onerous as to involve  trebling the rate of taxation on the tax-  payers of the whole Province, while the  expenditure would only benefit those of  one district. It has been also suggested  that tie Crown lands would form a security for raising loans. But, as a fact,  the sales of lands to settlers do not realize enough to pay for the expense incurred in opening up new districts by roads  and bridges, while these. new settlers  cannot bear any increase in the burdens  of taxation. To attempt to impose a higher rate'of taxation would result, in retarding the progress of the Province and  thus neutralise the object had in view by,  opening it up.  iltils.ihowever.athe^duty^of-those^who'  ask for. popular support to be prepared  to devise some plan for tho accomplishment of. what is clearly in the pub-.  He interest���the extension of railways in  the Province. I accept that responsibility. I would make a radical change in our  railway policy with a view to accelerating the present rate of construction and  the ultimate adoption of State ownership.  Under the present system of sranting  charters by the Legislature, we impose  many needless obstacles and delays in  the. way of the Investment of money in  railways. We should not take as our  modem In such a matter old and thickly  settled countries,'but those similar to this  Province.;,ln the Western States of the  Union wc find lt 13 as cosy to incorporate  a railway as lt Is here to incorporate  n company for any commercial purpose. I  would, therefore, propose to follow their  example and: Initiate a policy of ."Free  Trade in Railways." That policy has  largely extended railway mileago to the  south of us; it will do tho samo here.  Let a General Railway Act bo passed  authorising .any company on complying  with certain regulations to have power  to build a railway. Provisions would be  made for the acquisition of tho lines by  tlie Province at certain periods on equitable terms and State ownership would  thus be secured when the Province could  undertake it. ��� The regulation of freight  rates would also be secured. There is  nothing revolutionary about this. It al-  , ready exists In India. Instead of hampering capital we should (give* It an open  Held, and I am confident that in a very  short time we shall then And many new  railways being built,    I am assured that  with "Free Trade in Railways" ,a line  up the Fraser Valley would bo/begun at  once. If tbe Province saw fit to aid any  road, K would receive securities in exchange for such assistance and this would  practically be so much paid towards the  ownership by the Province. Such a policy I am convinced would revive enterprise; bring capital and provide much  employment for our people, without imposing on the tax-payers any additional  burdens.',''     .Y'-Y.. '" "���&���'.'"'������    -  ���" '.':���'���  Among other measures which I ���"would  propose would be the carrying out of  public works under the system of efficient supervision introduced by the late  Government so as to open up the Province and provide good roads for settlers.  I would propose to re-introduce the  following Bills Introduced at the last session, viz.:  To ropoal the Alien Exclusion ��� Aot of  1SS9;  To amend the Liquor Licence Act of  15S9;    .  To provide for the compulsory scaling  of logs;  To redistribute tho electoral representation of the Province;  To amend the Act for the establishment  of a Bureau of Labor nnd of Councils  of Conciliation and Arbitration;  To re-enaot the Labor Regulation Act.  Also to introduce legislation for the  following purposes:  To provide for tho payment of fair  wages on any work to which Government subsidies or other aid is given,  or under any contract with the Government;  To give relief to the settlers 'on the  Esquimau & Nttnaimo Railway Company's land grant, if the obligation to  do so is found to rest on the Province  and not on'the Dominion;  To. make an arrangement with the same  !C^4npany_fpr~theiOpenlni*-Upiof=its lands  under Government supervision so as to  secure more rapid settlement;  To afford facilities for the acquisition  and cultivation of small agricultural holdings; .  To develop the export trade to the  Territories of fruit and other produce,  and for co-operating with the Dominion  in the fostering of tho dairy industry;  ," To give a better tenure to lessees of  placer claims so as to induce the Investment of capital in largo hydraulic enterprises;'  It is also desirablo that some arrangement should be made with tho Dominion  Government to permit of mineral decwslts  on Indian reserves being worked by white  miners.  In regard to the eight-hour law, it  appears to me that the question is simply  one of the scale of wages. I have reason  to believe that an adjustment of the dls-  puto will soon bo reached by tho parties  interested, and in that case they will  probably make some recommendations as  to certain modifications In the present  law. Jf an umicablo settlement Is dot  reached, it should be tho duty of the  Government to make a report to tho Legislature at the earliest possible timo, giving all tho facts of tho case, with Its  recommendation as to what course should  be taken to restore harmony between tho  mine-owners and miners.  MB.  SMITH DEFENDED."  , Editor Independent: With your permission fi'Would like to/say. a.few  words to .the workingmen of this city-  re -a column of .rotiwhfc'h appeared in,  tlie ;.World neSvspaper; oji .Wednesday*'  night, concerning Ralph Smith'. I rc*ad  that [with a good deal of regret, be-'  cause I feel'sure, coming from the organ representing Air. Joseph Martin,  I could not .help thinking the injury  suchstatementb would dp" that gentleman. ., Now. Mr. Editor,'; you have  known ������Ralph Smith as' long as the  rest" cit us;~ l's there one word of truth  in that.statement?''.The-only ���asiser-  lion nearing 'the truth Is..' that Mr.  Ralph, Siivlth has ���manfully, not bI.iv-  ishly,;stood up for, the Vancouver. Coal  Compiiny as against the Dunsmulrs.  Is:there -a -working man in this province, knowing the facts, and having  any'vspark of manliness In him,.who  Would not hnve.clone the same?.'.There  are so few corporations in this World  who treat their employees as the-,*  would like .to ; be.- treated, .that >when  one of them do so 'workingmen cannot  help showing they lare .gratified. Now,  .fellow-workers, Ihe Vancouver 1 Coal  Company. ..treat the'ir miners like  men; '���������' they ! employ none bull  white;: men . In 1, t'heY, mines, : ifhey  pay.-the highest- rate of \vages, and  have always . work , harmoniously  with their-men. Can'yoiSt wonder that  a man like. Ralph /Smith, whose sym.  r/at'hies are ������always; with .the men -of  his class, should stand by the .Vancouver Coal ���Company as: .against the  Dunsmulrs.'' Any man,of brains nvould'  do -the.-same.' It is 'the febjeet of every  man who .fakes any active ' part ii*  labor -affairs ito ,'iave things work harmoniously between labor an* capital,  the employed and employer.' It is not  trouble'they are looking for, but the  well-being of each, and the 'man who  treats. Ills employees; like fellow-men  ronto Trades council, namely, to nave  laUor ; representatives: eiitrameled' byi  no party, but* purely 'independent oC  each, In every lwirllamenb of Canada.  Every thing t'he older parties >' linve  given ;'to the workingman, has been'  dragged out.of. them. This we claim,  by right lin,. future through piir own  "-ep'reseritatlves, .. and1 :��� Mr.; Smith, in''  urging:tr-Wis, is only doing'that-which-  was decided twelve'months ago in>t'ho  Dominion Trades congressAThe Winnipeg eieo'tfa'n. recently which returned  a, labor candidate to Ottawa sounded  the call to arms.* This is a, tight, between the masses and the classes. I  Ji,'ave no fear as totlie result, If 'we are  tru.e;to ourselves,���on:,ie!lc-ction day. I  tell you t'he "BIG TWO"'.will get  there. .���'������''..: '  , ������      ... J. H. -W.  . .-.".���.���-.���'. ':���".'.*- ,Y-"Y Y-     ���; J. H. W.   :  Vancouver, May ISth, 1900.  THE ONWARD MARCH.  I am, Gentlemen,  Tour Obedient Servant,  F. CARIER-eonON.  are-i-ui-e-to'-gaitT^oTtr'supp-drtTiml1 sym  path}-...,Is it .not so? .Then,.Mr. Editor,  If IMr. Ralph .Smith ^as such a bad  man, how comes it that utter Hon.  Mr. Curtls;had been, up .in the IKoo't-  enays,. sent there on purpose', flve are  told, to E'cttle the labor ���dispute" between the miners and mineoKvners, timl  finding he could not .do It, -finally sent  for jMr. Ralph Cmi'th to. do will at he  could not'do, nvliich- Mr. SmHh done  0.1111 settled it to the satlsDactlon r:oC  j air concerned. Now, .Mr. Curtis takes,  nnd is given by his colleagues, .the  credit for. that 'settlement;. 'I am sure  Mr. Smith .does,not grudge the hon'or  to hliii, .neither do I, but as Mr. Robb  of the World says, "If you can't light  with truth, don't iflglit at all." If Mr.  SiniUiftwil accepted t'he portfolio Offered him by it certain party, we should  not Jinve Had this tirade of, .abues  iiKiilnst one so -respecHed lii t'aniulian  labor ranks from the l^aclllc- to the  Atlantic, and we will not forget those  would-be frlejids of labor who have a  hit at them through their presldeiVt,  Mr. Ralph Smith. Such language and  such .rubbish coming from either side  will not tend to make votes tor either*  6f their fi'iends. but'will not the other  way. I may also say 'the (workingmen  of Vancouver ltave not been led by  Jtalpli Smith or pny other persoiiL  They are simply carrying out n'plan  which is being adopted tall over Can-  uria. and which has been adopted 're-  oentHy by a lcrgo majority In the To>  Never' before -.'in.! the history of t'he  world, has there been such a struggle  to obtain better conditions for the  masses of the people, than we Ilnd at  the present time, says the .Ferguson-  Eagle.-'- Never before were the conditions of tihe masses exactly the same  as they are to-day.. On one;side we  find a small mi'iority of persons using  every effort to. centralize: capital, to  corner commodities of every ..description, and form a system .of' gigantic  trusts and-, combines,. such as was  never before heard of.or expected. On  this same side we find the advocates  of: Imperialism, militarism; gold i-tan-  dardlsm, monopoly, and every form of  selfish greed and unbridled-ambition.  This small minority of capitalistic  chess-players are cute enough.to blind  the eyes of a large majority ot the  masses to the real Issues of the  struggle, by substituting a number of  straw-men. and getting.their dupes to  il'dl^feAe=i.'itr!i.w^meniwhlle=they=(t.he-  It be used* for the aggrandizement of a.,  few individuals,  and yuake slaves of  the; many?    -The. present  indications :  are that the present age-of unbridled1  ambition  to  gain "commercial ad van- '.  tages  by. subjugating .weaker people, j  is drawing, to:a -'closei' and a grander.:,  era of co-operative endeavor to bene-'������  lit-the whole human family is'gradual-;  ly coming  In.   YThe  rallying 'cry oil ���'  every true social reformer at the.pres- :���'  ent day shouldbe:   "Public ownership  of all industries controlled by monopr;  olles, trusts.and combines." .���.������,-.;���'���'.'..,  ."FROM- SANDON.  capitalists) are plundering them on.  every hand. One of these straw-men  Is called the Tariff, and this badly battered and bruised scarecrow Is every  once in a while brought out and,  pounded over,, and knocked around by.  the (lupeK in order to distract attention  from the real scheme.of the leading,  chess-players. ���  Another of the leading straw-men  which is brought,out without fall on  all occasions, and paraded before the  eyes of the masses with all the necessary accompaniments of kettle-drums  and martial music Is called' "Patriotism." Still another slrnw man'has appeared In the Inst few years, and has  succeeded In drawing the attention of  the masses away from the real Issue,  nnd given Hie capitalist chess-players  (in awful good chance to get in some  of their plundering schemes, and this  one has a ihlgh-soundlng name, which  consists of sound more than anything  else, this straw-man enjoys the euphonious niuno of "Prosperity." There'  are a number of other straw-men who  serve the purpose they are intended  for, to take Che attention of the masses  from the real question at Issue. The  real question, which Is daily growing  Into greater prominence In this and  all the leading commercial countries.  Is this: Shall the masses who. create  wealth by the sweat of their brow, the  work of their Intellect and the labor  of their \iands, have the benefit accruing from such wealth  (?) or shall  Building operations are being rushed,  oil: all'lsides- since  the  lire.     Already  nearly -every'business man In town has .  secured; some; *kind  of a  location.'-'in -.'..  which to re-br;en and canvas and telephone shack.-vh-ave taken the place of ;  the substantial 'buildings that formerly ;.  graced Reco Avenue���business'Is ���rolng i  along.     The. Dawson-llke  appearance ;,  of .the  town,  wlth.i.windowless stores,  saloons under canvas, black-jack in,the .:,  street, etc., etc., does not seem to affectY'  the spirits of the commiinity.'and every.  pne is going i 11 for re-building with all  the energy possible.    The cltlzens.^hnd".  business; men  are  almost  unanimous  .in declaring that a -'re-survey of the  towns!te should, be made. ; The: scheme ���'������:  is to run a 60-foot street down the mid-   ;  die of the gulch, using.the flume as a...  sewer and subway for the ���water mains,!;  electric light wires and;telephone and  telegraph "wires.   'An  effort.will also. :  be made to secure an-order-in-Couiicil  to have,-the. Torrens Act: invoked so.  that the old (question of title may" be : ;  cleared up for good..   At present, says;,  the   "Paystreak,"    the    whole  matter  rests with Mr. J. M. Harris, who is" the  heaviest holder of real  estate In  the: .  town.     \Ho was in   Pittsbur-r  on  the"���:,  night of the fire, nnd-on l'eceiyii'gjvprdi.^  =Pf^thenlisastef,Yf?le'g"ra"pli"e^-S560_t  'Relief Committee and sent, word that  he-would arrive in Sandon on Saturday.  There Is every reason to "believe" that ������  ho will consider favorably any scheme  which will ensure a better arrangement of the streets so that danger of  another great fire may be averted, and:  insurance may be secured. The scheme-  by which the real esute will be handled will be to secure the appointment  of a trustee to take over the lots und  issue scrip'to the extent of tlielr assessed value, '���which'.'���would .stand:  against the purchase price of the lots  In the now towmite. Inn number of"  cases there will; be little change In the-  lots, as it will 'be necessary only to reverse the frontage.  A London dispatch says: Lord Ham-'  litem, prosl'Un'T nt a .meeting of the������',-;.  Tndlnn Section of the Society of Art  on the ISth. referring 10 the <>nVrts  ol" the famine, said: "It must not be  forgotten that it is a wage I'limine. as  well as a. food famine. Therefore, it  pruises more heavily on the people  than before, nnd it Is the duty of the  Government to try to multiply and diversify the Industrie ot India. With  this In view, the Indian Government is  placing contracts in India, wherever  IKissible, not with brokers, but with  actual producers."  :��fl  '.'.'M  m  M  ���m  Y":  ���tf  ft  lj"'l  Probably the dog didn't want to go-  Intc the ark beeaii-.o he had a bark or  his own. THE INDEPENDENT  SATURDAY..., .r .�� .....MAY 19,19qa  !EI{R.E\VSFOA'��OFl!.m\S.  Thos.,, tlccce, of London, Eng.. writes  tp the Federationist that the Hebrew  "workers are so fond of forming new  ���unions that they break tip the old  ones for the purpose. For Instance the  East-end tailors' have a brand new  union three or four times u year, and  there is a public hall In ilaiibury  struet, W'hltechnpi'l, which earns a,  ���flourishing'income from being regularly left for Hebrew meetings called  either to form new unions or dissolve  old ones. A standing head line for the  lubor news I't.luiutis of the |iii|K'rs*  might bo "Activity Amongst the Hebrews. They K.irin a New t'tilon,"  "flu-re Is lint a Jewish wo'rlWr In the  ���East-end who couldn't produce u  .. tntdc-iiiilun 'ciiiistltiillah al a moment's  ���notice���including a draft-I'onirlbntliin  card for which It is not likely there  would   In-'iiifyYisc-.   Capmakers,   .-ll|,-  )i ]ivrni!iki.,rs and sweat simp tailors have  unions up eyery little back street and  the bloodiest feuds'' imaginable are  siimeiiiii'-s developed In connection with  them. One union will declare a strike  with the greatest dramatic ������t'l'oct possible and the entire membership of say  live and twenty will turn nut and plclo  . et the place. Another union of the  same craft will then neiid its members  to tak> the strikers' places���at which  there will be war. ending with the  carrying away of the executive committees on stretchers tu the London  hospital and the extinction <of tli?  strike and the unions. The c'om'jHi-  ants. who are still sound in wind and  limb will then fraternize at H an bury  street and form a new union. Unionism us it is known generally has therefore done very little for the workers  in sweated Industries, for the simple  reason that the workers In the said  industries will not let II: ilience the  bill introduced into parliament by Sir  Charles Dilke and John Burns for the  establslunent of wages boards will be  welcomed by many unionists. These  wages boards will(lbe appointed prob-  . ably only for sweated trades, and will  be composed of equal numbers of employers and employed. Their function  will be to fix and legally enforce minimum .rates,, for particular .kinds of  work, and particular classes' of.  workers, and the factory Inspectors  .will'be charged \vith the duty of seeing tu the due ... observance of the  board's'arrangements.  as they please until we come to see  that all machinery is "ours," and that  we shall say when it shall stop and  star'-." "' ,  If you want  to "get it  in 'the  neck  again then vote for the old parties.  Notice the trip to the North Arm  of Hurrard' Inlet, to-morrow, as advertised in another column.  An exchange says that .Mr. Smith  is the K-ader of a party -who litis more  head than tail. By the time the election is over tills party with a head  will lie found to have .something in- it  mo.   Whnl think you?  An evening contciiipurary -says tlint  only three men drew up the .Nnnnimo  labor platform. Wc are Informed on  unimpeachable, authority that over  thinly were present, and the plattoiln  was coiillrmc-d by 'the unions.  The charter for the Shingle-weavers'  union has arrived, the supplies and  other things necessary are expected lo  be here to-iluy. As soon as everything  Is in order Organizer Watson will notify the union and a meeting will be  called, when the officers will be Installed. .    ,  It you want freedom from wage-  slavery-and to take youii place among  freemen, east your vote for Williams,  and Dixon, the Independent labor candidates. Give them a chance to get  into the house to co'mpel the govern-  /meiit, whoever they might be. to give  you'what you want. This is labor politics.    ,  Don't forget  Hint  you .have  candidates in the field but be true to yourselves.   You have prated considerably  because some of your own,class were  not representing you.    Now ytou have  j tho  chance to  get. in and  do  something to help elect them.    Every one  I you talk U> ask  to vote for Williams  | und Dixon.    Miike  yourself an  agent  i on their'behalf.   Then iwhat a .day *.vc  Will have on the ninth.    Look out for  the "BIO TWO!"  EDUCATION THAT HURTS.  article, says:  There are some tendencies In the flew  education wlilch need to be checked.  For Instance, we go too far in the line  of physical culture. Some of our  schools and colleges are apt to appear  as..only annexes ,to their gymnasiums.  If you listen to the conversation of a  group of students you will be led to  think that the acauislllon of knowledge  is an unavoidable evil connected with  college life. A certain sensationalism  is also Invading our schools. Teachers  think that a lesson.is.-i success if they  can get their pupils to display an intense interest in it. This Is a. mistake.  .We might ns well say that the crowds  'that are flocking to see a certain play  now being shown "in a New York-  theatre are an evidence of the value  and decency of that play. We need to  loach our 'children to do what \r not  interesting and exciting. Some of the  greatest men in the world have'been  those who had the patience to do the  most drudgery. The most harmful of  all tendencies In modern education is  the lack ot. spiritual training. There  is a cynical and pessimistic spirit in  our schools. When nur young people  graduate they ask themselves, What Is  life worth'.' To what end Is all this  activity? Why should I toll for others?  These are the main questions of life,  and ihe"'schools do not answer them.  Education.litis.become like a race Hint  lias no goal. We tench our children to  aim to be successful, but we give them  no definition of success. We do not  lift their ambitions, above bread-winning and the accumulation of property. You can't get the guiding principle of lite, from science. Neither.can  the study' of society as it is and has  been tell us what society ought to  be. No matter how fine your science  iwork and ait work may be. If you.do  ���not supply students with a worthy life  ���purpose it is all of no avail. It is like,  the play of "Hamlet" with Hamlst left  out.: What is the purpose which the  new education should teach? It is to  create a new society, with ourselves  as members of It. It" is to render that  loving service to our fellows . which  alone gives worth and beauty to life.  ��� Tt is said that 4,000 lisheimen of  Newfoundland have this season liken  iu about a fortnight seaN woith $000,-  000. The seals thus captuiul die, however, of less individual \ line than  those of this.Coast, being lattd at less  than $2 each, whilst the I'icilc Coast  seal is worth nearly ihe times th it  sum. The Newfoundland lesult of the  season Is, however, considered \ci\  satisfactory. The Newfoundlind cod-  fishery has also begun \ciy well this  season, with very large catches  .-GATES SAYS " MY .MILLS."  President  Gates   of  the  steel   trust,  =n.ttei^eJoglng-down-tw.el.ve^.mlll.s.._hn_j.  stoppiiur tho pay of'5.000 workingmen,  says,  "We  can  shut  down our  mills  without giving any explanation."  W. C. 13. Randolph. In the Union Record says:'-Now, Isn't that refreshing?  A frank and simple declaration that he  intends lo do Just what he pleases with  "his mills." I approve of this. He  talks just right. This Ignorant people  consents to a. crazy Industrial system  that permit:* the means of productions  to be privately owned, and as n matter  of course under a system-nf .Industrial  ow.iecshli). Ihe sharpes'. mid shrewdest ���n'iiilpttlato"s will got control of  vast plants, affecting the livings of  thousands of workingmen, and by acknowledging their Individual ownership we must concede their right lo do  .is they please with It. We working-  men are simply monuments of Inconsistency to Indorse the cine iindcnm-  plain of the other. If these Idle men  don't like the way an 'Individual' manages his affairs for him, why Just let  him vote for a system that would give  the whole people ownership in nil the  means of making a living, and then  they would not be subjected to such  cold, selfish declarations that mere  workingmen have no clnlm to consideration. The working class will hear  this brutal remark more and more frequently as the machinery concentrates  5n fewar hands. The owners wlllclaim  their  right to run  "their" machinery  The practical ethics of tsool ilism ire  making great headway in the west  lingh John Macdonald is spreading  Its tenets, perhaps unconsciously lit  Manitoba, and every plultoim in sight  in our own provinclal.polltit.il lumbci  yard Is full" charged wilh the sime  commendable material. Oui politicians are Imbibing the socl illttic n/onc  In.hirgu doses, for they know it Is the  elixir ot life to this and coming generations. Public franchises foi the  public and freedom for all .no powei-  ful levers witli the m isscts���Sloe in  Drill..'     .   .    -.'���-.-.;'  Cheapest Place  I'Ult  All Kinds of  Jewelry  iipuchil AlteliUon (liven Iu nil  RI-C PAIRING  AAA "Westminster Avenue,  (opp. city Hull)]  ���    ***U*��   ^-> ���  Books,  Stationery!  fancy Goods,  School Books/!  J*   -Oo  C��  603 Hastings St.  W  The' Silver Ionian publishes the election address of the Independent candidate. 11. F. Green. In this iddiess our  esteemed.' contemporary ^is" Mr  '"liven comes out in favoi of all that  Is good in the various published pi it-  fornis of the'. "Martin and Wilson p.u-  tles. Hut there is udiffeiente It continues. It Is this: Mr. Gicen In"  proven his right to claim these piln-  ciples an his own through his past K-  tio.'.s. Ills opponents, who claim the  .same principles, can onlj gi\ c thelt  word for them. A proven fiiend is  belter than prospective ones  Ralph Smith, of Nanalmo   President  of  the   Dominion Trades     mil   Labor  Congress,  who  is  a candidate  foi   re-  eleciioiito the British Columbl i Legislature, will  be opposed  bj   W    13   .Mcinnes.   If  the   wage   earneis   of    .Mi  Smith's constituency are alive to theli  own  intercsis,  they will elect him  bv  an   overwhelming    majoiitv      Dining  .Mr. Smith's term in  the 1 ist L.ci>-I i  lure.-he was of immense \a ue In hh tp-  ing legislation for  the  benefit  ol   the  miners   and   other   workeis���The   Industrial trimmer.'. The rumoi  thu Jli  Kalph  Smith will  be  opposed  by  W  W. li. Innes in Nanalmo Is untoun led  Mr. Smith is likely to lie unopposed  II1 N SUl'St HUM. lOlt  \-sVs>-  -   War Book   -  *-t.L Unit it I- Hi   l��--*t, Hit  Library of South Africa  m   1 !<)]     M Vt hi S/lr,  ���nnl jj-c! the nKLUts'sKiuiriintK. tlml ills  Our Edition.  \ml \ini will mnliL no nii--t'iU,  ;j. M  M-icGrcgor Publishing Company,  \iinuiu'tLi, lt (  Hardee & Thompson  Marine and Ooiionil -=s  Consul! ing Mci'liiiiiiftil Engineers  |J0 t Ol li l\ I ST \\ , *. IM ( U\ I I , 11   t     III  71,7  1'itliutccs ami <lt signers of the Hiuilii  I hDhipsim Muter tuhi luulci   iicm  hit-h  speed   reversing  uiKllit s   nml spmal  iiinchiucii in li^lit sections fur nuiie-  I'HOII I I HIS DUIGMII     I SI.IS   -. IsnlClTH) \ND  MUUSThll  s*ile in-cut'-ill H ( iiml *s \\ Icrrilunc1- for  the I mt< il 1 leAililc Metallic 1 uliiiiK Co, 111,  I ondou, 1 tig  tVEjIt'   DllCCl   iMIMJRL'I'l'S  TlHi'ty-seveh Japs "of appiienllv no  'means., and supposed, to be- (\ooitcd  paupers, have been .arrc-ted on the  other side of the line nt New Wli ilcom  under the United States InunLi dion  laws. There Is not very, ninth tor us  to adopt wllh advantage fiom United  -&iUfi^i?2L'^yilJ*M.^C���a_(la( would be  "infinitely the beffe"r~for somcthiiig~likC"  such immigration restriction, is pic-  valls In the United States, and if about  half the Jap coolies who tne now flooding I'rillsh Columbia, could line been  prevented-coming, our Province would  in the Immediate future be all the better and happier. Only the Dominion  has. however, power toad i- leg-n li  immigration restriction, moic'1. the i lt>  under our peculiar clrciiiu'-taiices.  Nkw  Hats and Ties  The I'rovlnuc siiys: , Ihe ���.ffoiti  iniiile to It.'troduce the cent coin' anil  cause Its circulation cnnnut be pleading tn Hi- people of thl�� wi-sti in country, ilf successful they will ,sunl\  reduo all.cimilltlons of life .ind business :to the .one-cen't from the fhc-  eenV'levfi. The effects of this icilui-  tfon the'Wiige-eiiniers will In tin Drxl  to feel and they will spic.id fiom  these to all other member* of the community. There has ��o far bi en rtlumn  no necessity for the circulation of i  smaller fractional coin' Vlinn the fho-  cont piece, and the Introduction of Ih"  cent appears purely gratuitous '1 In  introducers are of course finite wllhln  their legal rights, bu"V the-, ohould consider the effects: of theli action au  pointed out. T1ie public out ir ic  gard for Its own interests, shtould do  what lies, in its power to keep the  cheap coin out bf circulation unless It  is wlllingito see "everything cheapened to the same basis;  Page Ponsford Bros.  GOollastniL'-.St.  H. A. URQUHART  v lion-.u i ami iitaii in in it i\  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  1 amil\   tlmh a ���-iiiiiillv    < ils dcllnrcd  fm luiill | arts nf llu (il\  J7 Hasting-, tSlrerl,     -      ���   Vancouver, B. C.  Si1*.'(leu. Ii\'ini;'*-i Out-door  vii-so*-, nnd p't oui' for vour  lawn.    Ri'iir World ollit'c  n sini-.s i n 11        im\ him, i xitcum  <^r'   Confectioner.  A full line of ( o��>vi(TioMriti mid  i'Asrniis  Ice Cream Delivered.  111 IIastisos *-n irr     -     Vanoou-i-r, b c  tlKNTI.EMKN: i irnicn proUltiltcd corapnnlps hoiainK frau-  I Lsi?  for tin- third -time  to offer mrfiflt   chlscs from the  Province employing Mpu-  t'on   lo  re.ni��si-ur   van  In   tlu>  1 vclslatlve   ot Il,c British Columbia boiuncrn KBii'vny  l^W-li" l'rovlu",..'"  ,'tElalatlV'" . Comjmny for a crown graut ot their land  Mr. Cotton wus not prepared to atanil  by the principles of the party In coum'e-  tluii with these two matters, und for the  purpose of putting Into effect u,s views  with n-Kuril lu iliem, saw clcurly tluit It  was ai'cessar.v to uct rid of me.  With  regaii'i to the illsiiilowuuce of the-  tulbl"  In llie campaign or 1SSS I anuounccd  v\y ndhercucc to curtain general prUiclples.  ��na you did mo tlie honor to ctioose ule  ft* one of your represciuativcs. Since  tbnt election 1 hare vouxixtiMitlr tulUercii  to those priucifilca uml still slaml by litem.  When I accepted olllco as Attorney-lien-'       n   _.._     pral lu Mr., Sciulln's administration, yon Lnlior lteguliitlou Act, my contention wax,  ���vcru kind eiioUKh again to return me.by U|���| si\\\ ,s. n,:lt tin.. I'rovluciul l.citlRln.-  iKclamntton.  As n miMiiber ot the Government, I  tools air active part durmg the isvaniou "f  l&nl) In hlncliiK a pen the Htntiite book  leglulutlo . carryluK oilt.. as far as it. went,  iUjbc prlnclplci. I feel ipiltc xufc In sa,v-  iug that tlie work done by llie Keinllii  . Uorernmeut and Its Kiipportcrti diiriiiK that  session ivau ciuiiientty. tatlsrnctor.v to llie  oU'Ctors of tliis 1'roviuce, whoso votes  olacc-d that Government iv [lower. 1 look  Unci: wlt.lt pride and Katlsfnclion to the  part which 1 took In connection with i..u*.  work. ^ i  The rncmticrs of the Government continued apparently to work together lu the  tbe law as It stands. An Immediate enquiry wlll.be inude.. bjr the Mlulsier oC  Jllnes Into oil grlevnnccs put forward In'  connection with Its operation, with a view  of bringing about nn nno-.-nble scttleiueut.,  If no settlement Is.reached tne pritu'l'i'ft-  of tho referendum will l>o applied and ��[  vole taken at the concrnl election ns tof  whether the law shall Ue repealed.    If tlmj  most hnruionloua uinuiicr until l!n> Iteail  man's Isluud dispute arose, lu connection with that luatler you will ���-���einomlier  that. I placed myself In your bauds. .,..v  colleagues, ��� Messrs. Macphorxon and Tis-  dall also agreed to be i;uiilca in tnat ills-  ptue by  the wishes of their constituents.  Mr. Cotton, on' the other utuid, took a  firm stand agaluat any settlement or itr-  iniif-eiueut of the matter until the ipiex-  Hon of the ownership of the hint! had  been decided by the courts.  Tue   very   slight   progress   made   in   the  sul  '' ..-..���  tion  law Is sustained by the vote It will be retained upon the Htatute book with Its (K-'i'-i  ally clause, if moillilcntloiiB can he mniia'  removing any of�� the frictlou ttroi'i^bt.  nl.oiil. without linpalrliig the principle oC  the law, they will lie adopteil.    If the- vut*      --���������   ---   --- -:   -   -   ,,   .    .........  i ,.    Ix acalust It Hie law will be repealed.  he��� brou tu" o��i'ti.ev'for" hi" ec al " ����� f" re..s.,d,l!sl, the Mndon ^Ke,.cy>f.  wi o ��"el.^mS ." thls'stutut^ \��^ order "rtt/rt CMlumlilu. "...1 to take *rr����TJ��J*l  o   show   the   Dominion   Uoveruuieiit   mid    fi*;"��� ,"���"' V'C 1'.r."i*! "l'���l"'ro;'n �� ^  the people of the other ProvinccH that (his ,   �� ' . ''!''���"'*:,    ','��' "'","**?  ,Vf������*h H,SiZT.  qiiesilmi Is considered a most vital oce In I J'n^f- Ji" "   '"c*v'or "**���' l'ro!Unu-c ���������-:..���.  tills  I'rovluce. j ment oi capital,  wini  i-,...���nl m iMi. wail snlmlilv of the !     1U- 'r,te retaining of the resources of tlio  ��.?������" fclulm  ^outhetu Wwi/com1: ! |^*;�����,'ls���!!!i ��� ffl*. ^^���''SlSiu-Sl'-'  .T^oW���e,r&^1i��.i''��� ffltt ^ I**���1**' �� �� nl&lSS^ftur ��S  ���tL; witl,*erea. eaV. d eu.ne to tile ��� ll"'��111". wi* ia uc-'"'l '"tiers or for.  SSmu^u tllaf'tlui'tallw^ ^a.iy bad . "X!JUZ^ .TSS" o "[he"';!"^'  not comulled with the conditions l��W ' '7 '��S.i ���? , i K. Vn .*?���., S,iSfVi.I.'  down In the statute crau'lug the subsidy, i "< xpectilutlng lu coum-Uou ,vlth tlia,  and   that, therefore   the   (ii)vcrumeut   hud . "��"������    ,,   : ���       ,   .       j;  no right or power to Issue the grunt. I     11. The  taking of  active  measures   to*:;  Xo one can lie more- Impressed tliiiii 1. Jl"* uystcinalle exploiiitl.in,. of; the, lm-|  am with the sacreduess ol a eoutracuial  obligation, buulic uiliult that, no matter  how lir.oroper the action of thu Leglsla-  lure may have bceu In griintlng ' tu i the*  It.' C. Southern Railway Company their  hind sulisldy. still the i'rovluce Is bound  by iiieir action, and tile* only enquiry  that can he made Is whether the railway  company   have   complied   wjik   the coiull  vlnce.  '12. The borrowing ot money tor the pnr-I l *  pose of provldhig roads, t.tills and brldj-ea,! i i  lirovldcil that la every case the money \1  necessary to piiy the Interest nnd slnklngl  fund in coiiuectlon with the loau flliuil ba'.,  provided by additional tusatlon so as nos-  to Impair the credit of the ,1'rovlnce.   ,,     :  13. lii couuectlou  nith the tonstriictloa  tlons imposed  by the statute lu queatlon.    of Governiueut roaila and trulls, to provide,  If tin     *--  **       " --    ' ��� ���** ...       .���.'...-.  to me  f they hive not done no, then It appears    by the employment of competent clvU'en-j  i clenr thi.t tt Is the duty of the <>o'v-    glueers nnd   otherwise   that   the   Govern-.  it then instituted shows that tne lltljM-    eminent   to  stand   by   the  rights  ot  the incut, money  hi'expended upon bouic ay��-..  n would probalily not be coiniileted for    I'rovluce. ���*��� tcm   whlcli   will   be   iidvaiitageoux   totlw,  .   number  of years.        ,j> '1 reported  to the Governnient my oplu- general public, so that the old system or,  This difference lietwoo'i Mr. Cotton and    Ion that the conditions of the statute und, providing roads us u speelul favor to sin��-1.  myself produced some friction In Un.- Gov  ctitinent, but, apart from that dispute. 1  never hu'tl Hie slightest hiilmation troui  .\fr. Semlln or any of my other colleagues  oi"  any  dissatisrnetlon   whatever  with   re-  .id to my actions until the 1st ilay of  Juiv. 18110. wiien Mr." t'omllii -erumpiorlly  uvv'cd for my resignation, , giving uiroi:  iv:'sous.. ail of which 1 can snfely say  w-iv regarded 'by the  !������ ir^n'clv  frivolous  i <1 iskcil foi u iiuis o. iiimiiiiu it  r noiters to i, iisldi i uhi- mio lid be  i ii e uiifh r  tl e i Ire ii ist nif i '  i oit scs .on it mis (tmil In Mi Cot  I o In the II i IM, lint I li J t u II \  a it*-j lo lu bouu I li> tin diilslon of lbs  i ,* Hid Mio tid htiie loutmliil to sup  [ l tin ItowriiiiHhl whin the dicltou  i aculn-t liu 1 his *>l lie 11 nl Is vti>  v.101 Inikcil rum tin trull Uu giulli  n, u lUn i\ i ri piesuil at ihi i i t us w'U  li t'ltihir Hut I St ltd' IIIII-, tl st in u\  tl it II the illusion uit igiin n< I  en id no lo lgi r suppoit t'h (..oi ruiiiint  aid mo 'it ihtlil if m> tl it % to tali i\li\  un ii K *u un power to tiiinr iilnui tin it  lle'i ,t  As the < ui lis In a iitj s' -II. m ijor  in ��ldid with ^ll Suiillii 1 H onu un  (I led mi iLsgiiiHim >ml ui inn'ui pun  lb h th it 1 must In in isiilciul iu oppou  en    of the Con inuii ui  Just nrlor to the mu'iiig of tin House,  to i. Ill n im mln i unit 1 i died a met I  1. ��� of ill siippurti rx iu th< eitl of �� ill  ii iwr ami sulimltti d m- position to  t!i< in I statu! Hi it It mix mi Intention,  I' | osilliii ti di fun tin Govi rn-iunt with  i \ n to billil In,. nUitll a nineril dec  tion 1 giue in-v ni|s(,ns for tills tonrse,  uul mio statnl tint it mv suipoltirx dli^  art  not been compiled with, and suggested  Hint, us the amount Involved waa extremely large, It would Le advisable to obtain  the hest legal opinions uvulhible. I Was  aiithuiised-by the Govtvuiuoiit to do so,  ami snliiultied tlie case to Mr. .���ft'-m-Mie,  Q.l.'., of London, Knghnul. and to Messrs.  Chrl-itnplier Itoblnson". Q.C, and it. n. Osier, y.t.'..'. of ��� Toronto. Mr. llaldaue's  piibin; at larj.'e as opinion was Inclined to be ngulnst my eon-  rcl'-ist'l to resign iciiilor In' he sluiei) that he thought the  use M is i ptoper oik- to h���� brought lie-  fotL tin mitt Mi sits ltoliiiisin mil Os  h on Hit loittiin ^i\u i \ir> stumg  np,nlou liiir un eoutiutlou was torriet  ���nnl thit '11 (jo\cruui *ut wire nol com  la ii if, inn u thu i etc pirmuiiil to  Issue lIic crown gum uniler the olreiini  ���-   nils.  Il mu le that their opinion la not colli!', but mi lontentlon Is that, u the  fui of in- iplu'on as *ttotu<\ fiii iril  Mippuiieil in inwers- of tliur emliiLtiie  Hit oiii\ lon-c opm to till (,o\erntiiuit���  If it mis to In filled In the priiid/is  Midi ti it \ as eliosm to nptistni���wis to  rifei llu i tat it to tlie comls aiifl utir  I tlie hlglust urn i of appjil bid utililiil  lit strlell\ In aeeoldiuei MUh that de  eixlun  As so in is 1 hid oteti fot ont ot the  i in mil in fon a m\v Attorney Gelieta  hid In en ippilntid Mi Cotton ill on u  pioeeeilid to Ignore Ihe nbow cons'th i i  tlon- - ���        ���  Mil)  porters of the Govcriimeut may be entire-1  ly dlscotitlnueil.  14. To keep the ordinary, iiutiunl cxpeu-,,  dlturo within, the ordinary niiiiiial reveune, :  In order  to preserve intact  the- credit, oi  . the Province, whlcli Is its best asset.:  15. To adopt a syslem of Government  construction anil operation 'of railways. '-'  and luiiiieilintii.v to proceed .with the construction of u railway on the south side'  of the lias., t er eonmctlng the total  with  the  h.outiin\   dlsuici,   Mlth the iin-  di rstand u- Hut unit ss the other uliMT-tl  non coustruitiil hi the l'unluei gue fair  loumetiiins mil imike iqtilt lhk Joint  fn (.lit nnd pixsi ii^et un igiiiiinls liis'  limine Mill coiit'tiiu li- Hue to tin  eixttin lioumlari rf the IMoiiiico 1'ie-  ilur coiuieetiou Mllh xi i h Kootiuiv riii*-  \t 'l to In. ghiu to tin I I mil )- V llu oi-  ur t\ it'i aspect to ol In r puts nt tie '  I'lovliiu. to pioiictl to gl^c��� lo nirv por  lio of it laliwai (ouittiion it it eir.v  it il ite is postluli the rulMi- whin e-o-i-  sliuclitt lo be minilid by the i,o\.',��-  im lit tluough a ( omuiisslon.  1(1 A iuIIma luiiUt iti be construct A  In cnnuiition with tin Kooti n *v rullti i**  m-oss Un liisir ilin it oi neir New."  \\esti ilnster. uul ruining poi'is cl'**^  oltr It to my rallM \ t >in,��iu\ ipitti. n.*  fui   tin   s mu , audi i  jiropt r londillon^  17   Iu i ixu It la lh���t���ht at uu)  time io>  liomis   lo  nn>   rillu. iy  "",", V  ������������;"   "" "�����"���   s.,..s.... , iisdile   to   gin    i   homis   lo  nn>   r-iuu. it  is   mil Issiml a croMii biant for some t,               ,    ,     ,    cush   uurt ������,  DWmi.     lncutlug about 1*1 iXK) ueles ,���   '������-"���,   ���   ,,llld    ,r mt    aIld   a���   Mllh  ur'i",.,"1       Vn{k      \  "I hifonneil,   ire |,UI1���S h, |,<. m mud uu pt upon tlii- con-  wo ti   min   innioux of dollars ,,,,,������ ,,lllt   , fllp  lmouut at the bouda or  With   ng al   to   the     Mnugull in   I lhor shins of the louipin-   he trnnsferiid 1"  qiiisllou   Hie t.oicrnmnt nri'scil to adopt ih,.   I'io\lnce,   anil   iffeetlxe  means  tikon  tin   pollti   ��lilt ti 1 admitted   uml met the ti   glie   the     1'ioilnee     control   of     in*"  .               ..                       House Million'   iu\   propusltuu us to a re t ��� it'll nml pissiuger rates, and piivis-'U  il   ��it.i mi   proposed nitloii, 1 would    cnncliuint   tit   the  ills illouiil  smtutc | in ith    ng ilnst   smli   riilwiy   lu\lng   ��UT  ik ciia  rtslf.ii anil   illim   llu in  to ihouse        i |u    it tion   of  the  Goieiniuent  after  I i nihilities tigilnst It except nct'Ml o>Bt.  a     i.iieicntnt'ie   who   uoiild   net   In   ue     left lt   with n gird lo the m ittt is uferrcd 18   lo  take  tw ly fioin the  Mi utennn*-  coi juie witli theli   Mlslits     'Ihe meeting,  t���  |���   ms   Unnor x  leltei   or dlsmlssil  of GoiiiiinrlnCoiin.il    nil}   powir   *o   mi-*  muk  rer>   laigc nnd  n pustnttttlve   ami n    Mr   bemliii   also atfoids strong proof tint Rtilistanllve ch ingei In the law, couflnlii!.  r  i-, itloo   was   paxxtil   mIIIioiii   ii   dlxsi ii i �� is rli,lit In iu\ opinion that f hud been  tlint  volte   expressing entire upptoi il of reinoieii  from tin   i.oiernuicnt In onlcrto  3Ly   'ntcmh d    opfiosltton   lo   the   Ooiern- malilt   Mi    ( utton   to inn-   out his reic  J nut tlonuri   Idi is   and  prictlcaily  nnlllfi   llie  i hnd aireadr Infonnid tneniliers of tlie legislation   Mhlch   we had  en icted  in  the  Opposition  iu  the   lioust    that   while  my session  of  lSI'i  urluclpln   were   the    xiine   as   they   li id Ono   ot   ti,c   most   |mportnnt   acts   that  bean,  anil I had  no i}iupitb\   nth  their ���ab pisvu)   hl ltuu ���us tll(.   Torrens Itc  \Iews upon polltlcu   quistlous, st II  I und gistlT   Acl      L,,  t0 the ���       thllt   ,  iL1,t  p common objitt nlth thein In wishing to thp GovtrmU0Ilt a(.t|%e preparations  were  bring   nbout   the   defeat   of   Mr    Seiulln j helug   uinde   to     bring   this   itntute  Into  Oovjrnment   and I bad asburcil them thnt fotc(.t bllt c��identl> nothing whatever has  If  thuy  ��tood  together 1  would be found been done since, and. apparently the Gov  vrorklsg hanuoulously with them for that  purpoie only  The consequent defeat of tbe Govern  m.nt. an* the invltutlon of IHr Honor the  Lleuttnanr Goicrnor to myself to form a  QoTtrumtnt, are fresh lu your minds 1  accMted the task from Ills Honor upon  condition that I fibouid be granted a ula  solution of the preieut House and, in no  cordance with this uudcrstanillng, a gen  eral election Mill tike place us soon as lt  ernmcut had decided to nullify the action  of the Legislature by neglecting to Issue  the necessary  proclamation  Again It wan proposed by tho Government after I left It to expend a sum of  about 1*400 000 tn purchasing from the  Canadian Pacific Railway Company the  land graut claimed to ha\e btpn earned  bj them In building the Columbia and  Western   Kullwu-       In   mv   opinion,   ��hls  the jurisdiction uitlrelv  to matters of <I  tall   lu  winking out the  laws enacted br  the Iiglslature ,  l'l the est ilillshinent of nn Inatltut' '  wllhln the 1'roiince for the cducatlo* ��I  the Ut'if and Dumb. >  20 lo  repeal  the   Allen  Exclusion  Ait.  as the rtnsons Justifying Its enactment -a      ,  longer obtain. ;    i  21 An  amicable settlement of the  d.i-  ��ute with the Dominion tjoverntnent as t��  cadinnn's Island, (Stanley l'ark and otlier  lands, and an arrangement with Mr. Lo*  gate, by which, If nobslble, n sawmill In-; i1  dustry muy be established nnd eur.led ��"��� {  on Dendinnn's Island, under satisfactory,  conditions, protecting tbe Inte-cBta of the  public.  22 I'ropcr meana of Blvlng technical In*  Etructlon to   miners and prospector*.     ,  ���vosieru   Kiuiwii}      in   mv   opinion,   'his       1"  connection with recent eTenti,aOT����= .  proposition   was   entirely   In   the   Interest    crltleHm   has   been   directed   against   Hl�� It  of the  UtllMtiy Company,  and oicrlooked i Vouor. u": r.lentenant (.overnor     It to mjr' ||  ., ,..._ .i...', ���-._ ". ..             .   ***" l duty   to   take  the  resnonslhlllty   tor   Hlo' u  Honor's nctlon   ami I nave not the alight-  can coiiscnli ntlj   be held  It bus heeu ehirgul tint mj   nctlon  in altogether the"interests "of the people.  opposlni-  Mi    Semlln s  l.oitinmont,   ufter   ,-     ��� j .  im   iipulslon   from   It    was     ictuattd  by i���  annealing  to you as the Premier of ' C8t hesltanci  In so doing,  persomll    feelings    against    Mr     Cotton the I "RITu.e^1 bcgy to & b. fore you the '     the     Iegislitlvc   Assembly  deliberate.*!  'ihire   la  no  truth  -I'liiiwr In  this  sug phfform  of the  nen   Goverununt as  foi  .votid want of conlldeneu In Mr. Bern   i mi  11 Minn      1   hit-1   opposed   ami   lulpiil   to |ov>s                                                   l        ���'  ' Governinuit   Theie were only two coursei-  ilift it   Mr   Seinhn s   t,oMriuut nt  bocius-i ,   ,..     ni���.in,,,_ ����� ,,,��� ��,m   ,       ,. .    , open  lo   Mr   bemlin: either to ask lor k  1   hill, i id  tint   It   no   li.ni.ci   ripr, hinted , ,1,.,*; ,'sf, ��r       i?,. if���Visi.?'?). (1<,',,0slt for   dissolution or n sign     He adopted neither.  tli   i.noplfs ��hit li 1 hid ispmisid c iniiiiliites r..i   ihe l.cglsl iture      |                 ,)(|l nskld for (),iP/i ������,! l00i, up the tlm-  lt  muse  be iliu   to hiikiiu   that  the' -   "'  l,llu'*1"-;  '"'o  f��rcc   as  soon  ns    grouted   to   him   In  endeavoring   to t-ntct.  -. isons glu u In   Mi   Sunllii for "n����������   / m   he   completed,   of   the   into   most   ilclomi   and     disnonorable  ��r-  friioloir  pi dismiss ti h ul lit Inuii Hit in ui) ri it  e ill*- ol a substantia! < h until, uml 1  t ilnl   tint suhsuiiiiiit  twin-, huie shoMu  \1 Ullt    till   i    If  isnlls   Ml it  1 ittl Null Mi St in��� 111 s it tion not to  bis oMii ih h but to Mi lotion 1 a.n  xiilsliil i'ii It his hint Mi I iiitiin ilnl  not an*i Mill) tin Hiiiiiuh m lum r in  Mhltli tin (, nt Hint'nt mil tin l'oiit-t  i ni'iil out tli li pit tlgt s in i'ii stssiou of  I-s 11 i u! lii km m full Mill Hut is long  ii- I liiininifl i uittiiliii of Hie (..oiilti  i n ul slmilt tt tit ri Mitiltl In tilin Ith  I gllil lo t,n\ qllistiou tint ll.lllc bitute  1' a  At llu linn- tint the titi Ule oinnrttl  tine   m   it-   mu   in it it is.   tit   mil   linpor  tin    to till-  I'ioiiiki   pi iidlng hif.it,   Hi is  ......���ee- i w," re" uiiple   reixons  for  that  course.  (,t in nn nt    is   l.i   Mhkb    llu-   i ouise   to       7   |0   ,���,M |,i,   for olllehl   Inspection   of    llielj uput ffom the \ote of want of con- \  r-finni1:   I.  u!' mhn,Vs','���'lieh'!ttw,;l    ��"'��""**���   m .ehlnen   m.l  ��orks   win.    Unce in the House \  rii.ms ,t   in  i. ,,,?    i   ' "  ,k"  "' ��� .iiiiifllliiK Hi,   atlopllon of pro-  Di|.|ios,,i   to  i, pi,sun ,,ir siiiLunds to lift   mil health  Ibis    milt, ik win    tlrst,  llie dlullow        t,   i ngtrd  to tin   1 Iglit hour  Law  ;uie   ol   ihe-  l.ibor  llekulutlon Act,   lbJM,    the  Goieiumtut  will eouiiuuo to enfor*  iorniH Kiglstij sistetu ringeiuents   Willi     the   numbers  ot    the),  t   Hit   ilMl.stiiiiiition of tin   constltuei House   who   had   been   elected   to   oppoiw  tlis on  tin   bisls or iinpui itiiin,   illoiiin- him    ami   who   hid   eonslstentlv   opnosea-  to   spaisclv   populated   illstiiem  u   manor- him  until  the ,1, felt,wns brought aoou.���  llonitili   In ran     ri'inis mitioii    Him    to ami   whose   principles   were   directly   op-  pupuluiis dHiiiiis ami tliles posid to his  4   the tuiKluitnt of  in   leeiuite xist,.in No prucdent exists In conncetlon with  of   Gowiuiniiii   selling   ol   lo_-s,   and   Ils tho  woikltig of   liiltlsh  representative lu-  ilgid  (iifniei ment ultutlons whue In u use of that kind, at  -   th.   i. iiiutmtnt  or.jhe   ���.s,���owu, !��'��'-��Jn^3f^"ffu.^^^-^SI  vot��  of   ioull.lt nn   frfin   the   House,   the onlj.  uiuise op, ii to Ills Honor was that ndopt-  front  era  I iimi   It, Miliiinu   a, i    isiq   ,,,...  ..I...   .J! lii   me ins   of   voles  thus   obtained;    ana  1     sin   iTs    f 16, i   torn dnlJ     nitl\t r hi     Mr   S. inlln   uinoimeeil to His Hon-  gt.lai     I usts    If     Is,   , ,,,   u"s   t  onosul "'  l" '"��� n"1" btt  Ma l.�� ��*>Mn* vot*  nv   th,     i��� unln i   W            I      1'ioposid of   ���,������,������,,   frni.   the   House   the���on-            ���       ���<.."...< ui Kiniso opt ii lo Ills Honor was thnt ndo  siii    ." ,    '   *ir" M,"- '? !-,'"��   ��"'r c,l In   hui   of dlsnilsshiE his advisers.  In    s ���  , 1   ���?'    iiLi;"  ?/ ,,lhV"'r "*���",''���' In idlltlon to tuc ulioie It appear, ft  si-'oil en      0ll(-'��t"1   <hL1"   1"l"*>    I" Hi" Honors letter of dismissal that thi  Illl  thi  I line tin   honor to be, ge a tie oh-a,  Alu-dleuc son int.  JOSEPH MARTIN.  Spring Has Come!  TA K i*:  Your Rabies  ���ro���  A GOOD VIEW  1-1 Cordovii SI.  Will HUI (in ton mailf -Imils Unit an lllllo  lit Iter lliiul paper, w lit ll von inn haven  pair til  Custom-made for $3.50  Itend- matleor imule to 111 \our feet.  H   HAUVI.Y,  010 I'cnderSt, hetMcen Kit hards ami ac>mour  THE  fecme men nro well clothed from ono  pclnt of view, but win see thom at an  i>thcr tinelt, and tlielt clothes are full of  wrinkles and crudity speaks in all linen  WE UNUIiRSTAls'D HOW TO OLOTHK  G1JR. CUSTOaimS so that back, front  or sldo view is equally correct and ele-  eant.  PAN. STBWART  130 Cordova Street.  Electric Light  Is hum within tho ruiili of e\er>bod>  I'rliLshine luul) been retimed, ami thu  II t I Itetrle KiiIImiij (iimp.ni) bavo  Ihilr lli.esallnier lliotlu Donottle  hi>. bill Install nml mc-riii Osl\ I.iuiit,  Mhli li isahsuliilil)  Safe, Clean and  Up-to-date,  'JF It uire lull j lonki.l afler It Is cheaper  than coal oil, uml. nhl what iiillfreron, u  iu the. e\cuing    \ppl> for rules ill thu  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts* I S.4.TUKDAY.  MAX 19, 190C*  THE INDEPENDENT  Good  ���Groceries  . OGGQQOOOOOQI  YOU MUST HAVE_^  Low  Prices  OOOOOOOQOCOOO  You know and the purer, tlio higher in quality  they are the better it is for you. None but .tlie  very highest class of provisions is obtainable  hi'i'i1. iQuality is always first; price receives  great care and close attention; 'tis always, in  fact, the lowest that the"sale of absolutely pure  goods will warrant, but quality is paramount.  Surely this is of interest to you. And we  should like to have your order; we'will send  to.your home for it if you so desire.   -May we?  ���OOOOOOOOGOOCC  Promf>1, ��  c  Delivery 8  HUDSON'S BAY  CranvBile St.  gooooooooooco  6    .'-���  8 Courteous  o  8 Attention  TIIK FUTURE PMY.  Uy A. E. Fletcher.  (The opinion ot Mr. Fletcher, who'  was for many years editor of the Daily1  Chronicle, is of particular value on a  -subject-of fjhis kind, owing, not only:  to his natural political judgment, but1  to the exceptional opportunities (and1  experience which aided him In the formation of such judgment.���Reynolds.**  What is to become of the Liberal  party? Tlint Is the fiuestion which Is1  causinir much searching of heart in  certain, ciuarters. The answer, I think,  Is that the Liberal party lias done its  ���work : and must ��� go, Its ' deatu-knell  ���was' sounded by the bell which tolled,  for the burial of Gladstone. Notwithstanding his natural Conservatism,  Mr. Gladstone himself was far ahead  of his party. He was willing to lead  ���where they would not follow, and since  his death the party, with some honorable exceptions, have been 'chiefly employed   In  reversing  his  policy.   They  ��� are, therefore, past praying for. Gladstone was ahead of his party because  -he saw more clearly than the majority ot his followers tlie direction in  which democracy is travelling. True,  he did not grasp the meaning of: the  ���economic "problem which democracy is  making up its mind to solve, but he  was  fully  convinced  of   the   need   of  ation of Egypt. "I shall jndeed rejoice," he said, in his famous Newcastle speech of ISM, "If, before the  ilay comes for the present administration to give up the ghost, it be posfilble  for Lord Salisbury to make an effort  to relieve, us from our burdensome- and  embarrassing occupation of Egypt.  That occupation, so long as.lt lasts, rely upon lt, must be a cause of weakness and a source of embarrassment.  It is one which we owe entirely to en;  gagoments contracted by the former  Tory government, and the-escape from  which I greatly fear the present Tory  government, improved n.s it Is In It."  foreign policy,,,will, .notwithstanding  hand over to its ��� successors to deal  with."  His love for liberly w'ti's Gladstone'-!  crowning virtue and It. was .this that  made him more and more the foe of  Jingoism as he advanced: :,in years.  Speaking at "West Calder: in 1S90 �� ho  said, "When people tell me'thatsince  I was a young man I ihave'changed  all my political opinions, I-say no, that'  is not true: I have not changed nil  my political opinions. I came Into political life with a very considerable  veneration for things ancient. I dislike, I may almost say I detest, gratuitous change, and I would like to gee*  thnt the men who propose a change  are required.to give a reason for that  change. But, gentlemen, one great  change I have matle. I was educated  and brought up not to know the value  of liberty, and I have learned to value  liberty. That is a great change. And  I have learned to know that although  liberty   may   be   misused   and   abused  removing as fur as possible two ot the I like every other blessing of Providence,  chief hindrances in the way of Its so- [yet  without  liberty   there   is   nothing  lutlon.   If he never got rid of his Man  -chesterism,  lie  never  committed  hitn-  .   self to Brummagemism. ,'Ho-did , not  '   see,   with John  Stuart   Mill,  that  the  ,.; problem of the future Is "How to ser  /���cure the greaest Individual liberty with  Si common ownership in the raw materials of the globe ami.the partlclpa-  ,tion by air iii,, the benellts of combined j ou red  labor." -On   the   other  hand, %he- did  .'���'see' that ,the  rocks ahead   on   which  Democracy was in danger of splitting  were Imperialism and Militarism. -Ho.  3iad no love for Joseph Chamberlain.  ���When, after his great triumph at the  polls  in 1SS0���a  triumph  won  by  his"  vigorous denunciation of the Jingoism  of Beaconslield���lie showed'.' his reluctance  to  include  in  his  Cabinet   tho  present   Colonial   Secretary,   the. then  rising hope. ot. the Progressive party.  He was roundly   abused    by Iladical  ���speakers and writers, myself, I regret  "to say, amongst the number.   Events,  however, have proved Unit Mr. Glad-  atone was justified in his distrust:even  of  the  author of the   famous  watchwords, "three acres and,a cow."  CHAMBERLAIN AND GLADSTONE.  The Inclusion of Mr. Chamberlain In  the Gladstone cabinet ivas  a misfortune, for It was principally through the  member for West Birmingham's baneful Influence that the   great   Liberal  leader was hounded on to the commit-  -tal of   the   greatest   blunder   of   his  career,    a      blunder      Involving     the,  ���crime  of  the  bombardment  of  Alexandria.   Mr. Gladstone,' I think, never  forsave himself that unfortunate   relapse  Into,  or  rather continuance  of,  ���the foreign  policy   of Lord Beacons-  Held.   He afterwards showed his great  regret for it by demanding the evacu-  sotind, there Is nothing healthy, there  Is: nothing solid,  there Is nothing that  can move onwards.on the face of the  earth."   As  Mr.   Gladstone,' advanced  more and more In the direction of libs  erty,' the  majority;   of  his 'followers,  faithless"to the best traditions of Liberalism, became more and more enain-  of    despotism���the    despotism,  which   finds   Its  expression   In   Imperialism and its methods of .violence,   lie-  was   therefore   at   last   compelled to  practically throw his party over by resigning the Premiership.   It is n mistake  to suppose  that lie resigned  because he was worn out with hardship  and fatigue endured in the, service of  his;: country.'-��� The.real renson  for his.  resignation was that ho disapproved of  the policy, which has now Involved us  In  the  most - disastrous of the llfteen  wars   that   we  have waged' In   SontIt  Africa  during, the  Queen's reign   nnd  because, moreover, he would not consent to the proposnlito spend an extra  ��20,000,000 upon the navy.   In a letter  which he afterwards "wrote to -Mr. CI,  II. Perrlss,  the secretary nf the   Increased   Armaments   Protest   Committee,    Mr.    Gladstone     denounced, the  Hnunndering"ot the nation's snvlngs on  increased armaments as "wanton and  wicked."   Here spoke the great statesman who had dared to move his  famous    antl-JIngo     resolution   In     Ihe-  House of Commons In 1S70 and to risk  defeat  by  a  majority  ot ISO,   but  in'  spite of thnt came Into power In  ihe  following year with  that majority nl-  mose   reversed.   If   the  Liberal   pans-  could not advance with Gladstone, the  greatest  parliamentary   figure  of   the  century, how Is it possible that it can  advance under any other  leader,  es-  Tobuy FiXK .Madk-ui> Clothing Hats,  Caps and Men's Furnishings  at the  Gi'KAT      '  now going on at the "Palace." Stocks  bought, at 4fil-2 cents on the dollar,  places us in a position to give the best  goods at the i.owkst prices ever  of in Vancouver.  pecially as It has now to face economic  problems which Gladstone himself Was  not prepared to face?  ���  THE FUTURE OF LIBERALISM.  The Socialist party is here and has.  come to stay, and the Socialist party  is something more than an anti-Jingo  party,   it  is  an anti-Capitalist   party.  As  the Liberal party Is manly composed of Jingoes and capitalists, what  possible future has it?   It must either  coalesce with the Tories, as It has already done.In the House of Lords, and  form one  great plutocratic party, or  else must  Pass and Derlsh like haze in sunrise.  The Liberal party,  like    the young  man in the parable, is not prepared to  llnd salvation  by, facing the (lUestlon  of the distribution of wealth, however  virtuous it may be in other re-npects.  There "are,    however,    a considerable  number of men In the party who are  entirely out of sympatliy with Its, Jingoism, and who, though they may be  distrustful  of  the  policy of adopting  the' whole Marxian programme, are yet  willing to move cautiously in the direction of the realization of the Col-  lectlvlst  Ideal.   That  Ideal    has    undoubtedly tuken posesslon   of the minds  not only of the avowed Soclullst, but  of the vast majority of trade unionists  and    of    the*- younger   men   In    the  churches of all denominations, in splto  of the relapse of the clergy themselves,  for   the   most   part,   Into paganism.  These are tlie classes who have hitherto been  the mainstay    of LiberallHin.  Signs of their revolt are already apparent.     Out     of   evil     some   good  generally    comes.     It    has ' reunited,  the    Irish    party    and    has    led   to  the     formation    of  ' a. "solid    Labor  has reunited the Irish party and has  led to the formation of a solid Labor  party,  whose    representatives   in the  next parliament *ylll be organized under their own whips.   The great Conference of Trades Unionists,  Co-oper-  utors and members ot Socalist Organizations hold in Edinburgh In January  last;  and   the  (similar conference  for  England and Wales held still more io-  cently in London, adopted resoltulons  for  the    formation of   parliamentary  election committees, which will be carried into effect at the   next   general  election.   If the Liberal party is to lose;  the support ot the.great body of Workers  represented  at  these  conferences,  as well as of the Irishmen and ot the  increasing number of> Socialists in the  universities  and  the  churches,  wheie  will   ltYbe   when   the *'."xt   trial ot  strength      between     '���jolic'.-jti    fore, s  comes?  PLUTOCRATS   AND   DEMOCRATS.  Let the earnest  Radicals who    are  tetll in the party, but not of It, make  theli-jpeace with the new political organization   to  which  I have  referred,  and so form a great Democratic party,  against  which    plutocracy    and     the  gates of hell (Pluto's region) shall not  long prevail.   There Is  really nothing  In  the  programme  to  which  Socialist  candidates at the coming general election  are  pledged   that  Radicals  need  kick against.     Even Socialists do not  expect    their   ideals    to   be   realized,  by return of post, and their object at  the    next  election    win    be    to    win  sea'ts,    not  to    lose    them.   Radicals,  when  they  take  the  trouble  to  read  the Socialist candidates' electoral Programme, will probably be surprised at  their moderation.   The main items are:  Nationalization of land and railways,  old-age, pensions,  eight "hours a day,  a graduated income tax, and  the organization  by imperial and local  authorities of self-supporting Industries.  Why need Radicals bo afrnld even at  the proposal'to tax 'unearned Increment  from  private  patronage  and  control?  At any rate,  there is no reason  why  Radicals should not, at least, keep an  open mind on this question.  Unfortunately, the'British elector is  apt to be alarmed at the prospect of  being In the minority. He naturally  likes to be on. the winning side. He  must, however, get over this prejudice  if a new Democratic party Is to get into lighting form. A minority In parliament, If it is determined, can at a  crisis put forth greater strength than  a majority, as the Socialist party in  Belgium proved two years ago.  There are but two possible parties  In the future, the Plutocrats and the  Democrats, the party of wealth and  the party of work. Radicals in"st  make up their mind on which side they  are to be.  in  "Tho parliamentary system of the  Mother Lund adopted in tho Dominion  of Canada anel Provinces thereof by the-  liritish North America Act, when properly carried out, is opposed to faction,  anil serves to safeguard national inter-  e>ts.  Political parties with party organisation  represent thu cardinal principles of Drlt.  Isli,, Government anil tend to suppress  divisions, conspiracies uml contusion In  the  State.  The distinctive features of the Llbenil-  Cciiservative parly ill Canada have been  f.sn'uiiall) ���  O tintry.  1. Loyalty   to   Queen    and    faith  Country.  2. Faith In llio- people.  ���).   I'lqunl civil and religious liberty.  ���I. Government according to the principles and precedents under the British  ('i)iistllutioii, including (a) parliamentary control of public expenditure, (b)  Tho responsibility ot Government to  Parliament, (c) Tho utmost good faith  enforced as between Government nnd  tlio public touching ah executive anil  liglslntive acls to .persevere public credit  and  tho good name of our country.  fi.   Tho improvement anil betterment of  the condition of the wngc-oarnlnc clauses.  C.   The encouragement    by   the    State  or   tho  Introduction "Mill   investment   ol  capital  in  the country.  7. Active State aid in: (a) The development of transportation facilities by sea  and land, (b) The advancement of agriculture and of the natural resources of  tho country, (c) The improvement of education.  With such principles the record of tbe  Ltberal-Conservativi* party In Canada  since 18G7. among other things, is notable  for the following:  The consolidation and union of the prov-.  ineis and territories of British North Ain-  reica. :  The maintenance of British connection.  An   Inter-oceanic   and   transcontinental  railway.  A network of railways over Canada.  An  independent national  canal system  cc nneeting the middle of tho Continent  with the Atlantic Ocean.  The development nnd protection of  Canadian and Industrial lite.  Tho establishment of steamship communication with foreign countries.  Tho establishment of experimental  farms and tho Introduction of cold storage.  Increased allowances for the Militia and  the formation of permanent corps.  The establishment of a Government  crast telegraph system.  The construction of dry-docks at Quebec, Gsquiuinll and Kingston.  The establishment of a fishery protection service.  Under these circumstances, at the first  Convention of the Liberal-Conservative'  Union for British Columbia, the following resolution was unanimously adopted:  'llesolved, that In the opinion of this  Convention lt is desirable ihui the Lib-  eral-Coiiscrvatlve party should, as a party  take part lu Provincial clectleins for the'  purpose ot ensuring the Government uml  Legislation of this Province' on Liberal-  Conservative principles, anil In order to  carry this Into effect "at the next general  election for tiie Province" that candidates be invited to stand for  stltuenck'S  us  are llkel.  such con-  ire likely to return Lib-  cml-Conscrvatlvc members, pledged primarily to support a Llberal-Coiiservutli'o  Government as distinguished from a Government.of-Liberals .or partly of Llbe'riil.-  Conservatives and partly of Liberals, und  that a platform or statement of principles, applicable to local politics, be  drawn up.'  For the purpose of enforcing the cardinal principles of the Llberal-Conservu-  tivo party In the local 'Government at  British Columbia; we have the honor to  recommend the affirmation and.approval  of the foregoing outline thereof so far as  applicable to local affairs, and in addition, to pleelge this Convention, nnd the  members ot tho Liberal-Conservative party  who support it,.;to tho following programme for the Province of British Columbia.  That true to the maxim of our party, "by  the party, ���'���witli; ".ho party, but for the  country,' tho interests of British Columbia; shall ibo paramount,, regardless of  the political complexion ot the Federal  OaJbinet.  It is proposed���  To revise the voters' lists.  To actively aid in the construction of  trails throughout the undeveloped portion of the Province, and the building of  Provincial trunk roads of public neces-  l-itv.  To provide for the official Inspection  of elevators and hoisting gear.  To Improve'the admission of justice and  secure the speedy disposition of legal disputes.       ���  To provide an effective system for the  settlement of disputes 'between capital and  labor.        '-. '.'  To adopt the principle of Govemmen't  ownership of railways, In so far as the  of fomalo  circumstances of the Province will admit, and the adoption of thu principle  that no bonus should be granted to any  railway company wlilch does not giva  the Government of tho Province the control of rates over lines bonused, together  witli t)io option of purchase.  To assume'"control-and administration:  or the fisheries within tho boundaries of  the Province.  To actively assist by State aid In thai  development of the agricultural resources*  or the Province.  To make* the London Agency cif liritish.  Columbia effective In proclaiming the natural wealth of the Province, and as a  place for prolltable Investment of capital.  in the interests of labor the Llberol-  Conttorvntlvo parly sympathises with, and  endorses the principle of an Eight-Hour  L'lW.  To provide tin Improved system of education.  To recognise and reform the system of  Provincial aid to medical men and hospitals in outlying parts of the Provlnce-  To actively support the advancement  of tho mining interests of British Columbia.  To  aid   In   the-1 immigration  domestic  servants.  "We regret to learn that the Government of Canada docs not Intend to assist  in sending nnd -maintaining a volunteer  military contingent; to South Africa to cot  oMnito with tho forces of tho Mother*  1-nnd and Sister Colonies in protecting:  the rights of British subjects.  That this Union desires to congratulate tho Hon. Sir Charles Tuppor, Bart.,  on bis mule,.nnd vigorous leadership during the past session and trusts that he may  long be spared to occupy the high position ho now holds, and we hereby pledge-  anew our confidence in him and in tha  cause that he has so ably represented,  and that this resolution be telegraphed tev  him.  (This resolution was passed1 by a standing vote, three rousing cheers and a tiger  being given for Sir Charles Tuppor, Bart.)  This Convention views with alarm tho  introduction of Iar^o numbers of indigent'  aliens Into the Dominion to compota-'  with our own people in tho Held ot labor, and regrets that the Federal Administration has failed to Introduce tho legislation respecting Chinese immigration;  pledged to the people of this Province by-  tho present Prime Minister of Canada.'*'  Tlio -whole of the above resolutions  were then road and the motion to adopt  was unanimously carried, amidst tho  greatest  enthusiasm.  A platform for workingmen, supported by those avIio arc honest in  thcii  intention to carry it out.  Vote for tlie Liberal-Conservatives:  Vancouver's Most        *.  Fashionable Tailor     ^  A. MURRAY,  442"~^>    Westminster Ave.  CITY WOOD YARD  .'I'Olt-'AMi KINDS ()*���'  :: Stovewood %%  HAIUtlS STItUKT WIlAItt*.   Tlvf,. (*!>,-,.  Itll.KV,- - -������        - IVop.  W. T. FARRELL,  Jvitiployiitci-it   niifl  (JmieTnl Aejeiit,  Kuril  KtJtntu rind ] iihi.m-miicu Mrolcer  Is It war, then?  Will ye perish In the  dry wood In the fire?  Is"It peace?   Then be ye of us, let your  hope be our desire.  Come and  live!   for life  awaketh  and  the'world shall never tire;  And hope Is marching on.  On we march, then, we,  the workers,  and the rumors that ye hear  Is the blended sound of battle and de-  llv'rance drawing near;  For the hope of every creature Is the   banner_that_we_ benr,_ _^;   Heard  Nqw Is tbe Time to Buy  li 11  110 Cordova St.  And the world Is marching on.  SHOlVrEN'IXG  THIS   OCEAN   TIUP.  The new llyer of the Hamburg-Aiiier-  Iccn line of steamers, the Deutschl.nnd,  Is guaranteed by her builders to show  tin average speed of 23 knots an hour  on the ocean run. The North German  Lloyd line, not to be outdone In the  contest for records, has contracted for  a new steamer to be completed In 3901  which Is to maintain an 'average speed  of, 2.1 knots an hour, fl'he record time  of the Lucnnla from Qyeenstown to  New ..York of ' days, 7 hours, 23 minutes, made In October, 1SSI, gives nn  average speed of a trllle Under 22 knotN,  The reeord-brenklng run of the Kaiser  -Wilhelm der Grosse from New York tu  Southampton In B days, 17 hours, s  minutes, In 1S07, was at the rate of 22.11  knots per hour for the approximate  3,100 mllen. The Peutsehlund at 23  knots an hour would break this record  by two hours and it half, while the 2f.-  knot steamer would bring It down to  5 days and 4 hours, or cover the  Queenstown route Inside of A days and  20 hours. As the new vessel 1a to be  752 feet long, with an engine power ot  45,000 horse-power, her limit of speed  Is not so Incredible as a speed of 20  knots would have seemed eighteen  years ago,  when  the Alaska cut the  I Queenstown record down to 6 days, IS  I hours and 37 minutes.  I'*nrm and Timber Luuls, business ninl Itesi-  .Icntfiil Clly I'riimu'ty for sale. si��e'i'inl iitten-  tlon given to .-.elliiig mitl renting house nml  stun; property; rents e'ollce'tcd; experleiH'ed  v.ilitiitor.  ���  ?wwvv  New.  I-Nxm- 7,'rii<nii|>HOi-i*Oule lllook.  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  ^:-��?li&GIMli*.  AND  Soo Pacific Line  Pacific to Atlantic  Without Change  Tiiliit'e nnd Tourist Sleepers  ThruiiKli lo  Toronto,  Montreal,  Boston and  St. Pnul  Tii'kets in nuil from nil iiulntK In 1'iiii.ulii.  llllllf.l States nuil I'uriipc. lor luliler.-, |nililf.h-  lels ami full liiftiriiiatltni, npplv to  We have tlio exclusive  ling agency of the . .  . Ml S'HOK anil the . . .  name alone implies the best there is in Shoes. . . .  IMOKAISI!-SHOES have for yours been pre-eminently  the distinct leaders in the United States, and in introducing them we feel as though they were not an  experiment, but in quality tho BEST SHOE manu_  factural. We have them in all styles and leather,  at** pcrhlr.   RwN|LLS>1�� Cordova  Trees Sprayed Early  Alwatfs Give Best Results in Bearing  Fruit, Etc.  See our window for Spray lAnnps, Pruning  Knives, Pruning Saws and everything elne that is  net'di'd for, the purpose.  Thos. Koran & Co.,  Or (o  ���IAMKS SI'I.ATKlt, rleki'l Aki.iiI,  iliiMlim's .street nml C. I', li. Station,  Vnnemiver, 11. 0.  K..I.COYLK, A.'li. I'.A.  Vnni'oiiver, II. <J.  (I.IMITKIl.)  Election Card  8,10, IS Conlovu Street, nml 8,10  Wnler .Street, Vniii'uurur.  l-'rontstreut, Atlln, 11.0.  Vote foi���-^  , 0.1  Oov'f Candidates  Read Their Platform  . . MAKI-K .1 SI'lll'l.ll.TV 01' ,  .  o    Den's soecloi Liqueur, also. -  o    usner's 8iack LaDei Liqueur wmsKy  -l.AfUiK STOCK 01'-  l.MI'OltllTI'll AXII DOMHSTIe*  .Cigars.  Qda.xn' Bros.,    -    -     1'rops.  CoitXKit Cordova and 0-ir.tuu..  VOTE f OR-  dixon xm  WILLIAMS.  ifl  ��� llj THE IM)EPENDENT.  SATURDAY* *..  ..MAY 19, 1900*  Tlio rate forjjljissified ndvcrtlsemeuts is  f>n�� cent a wT*nl, but no -.ul. will lie in-  uerteil for less than 23 vi-nts.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AN'D I..A.BOR  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, J. H. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, P. O. box 159; linnnci.il secretary, F. Williams; treasurer, C. R.  Blonde; statistician, "W. Jlacbaln; sor-  ecaiit-at-arnis, *\V. Davis. Pjirliamentary  con mittee���Chairman, John Pearey; secretary. J. Morton, -".lectins���First and  third Friday In each month, at ~.*'0 p. m..  1n Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  3-Icmer streets.  VANCOU'll TVl'OCUtAPlllCAL UN'ION.  No. 2'!ti, niee'ts the last Siuulay In each  mouth at Union hall. President, K. L.  ..Woodruff' vlci-pri'slilenl, J. C. Marshall;  isccictary, .1. F. Watkins; P. O. box lid;  treasurer, W. Brand; sei'seant-at-anns,  <3us-s J. Dunn; executive committee���  Chairman. J. C. Marshall: Geo. Wilby,  C S. Campbell, G. T. Dutton, W. Arm-  KtronK. Delegates to the Trades and Labor council, J. C. .Marshall, Ceo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.  BTRKI-yi' RAIiyWAY MJON'S UNION���  Meets seeund and fourth Saturday of  <-ae'l] niontli. in Sutliei'land Hall, corner  ���Westminster avenue and Il'ustliiKS Street  tit S p. in. Preside'iil, .1. llarton; vice-presi-  ���toiil, K, A. Snyder; secretary, II. O.  'I'homas;'treasurer, J. .lenkinson; conduc-  itor, A. Ross; warden, A. Russell; sentinel,  CS. Lenfesty; delegates to Trades and Lnl>.  or council; John '-Pearey, .1. Barton, R.  ���Brunt, A. G. Perry, J. 'W. P.ixman.  wmm  The   tailors   of   Guel'ih,   Ont.,   have  organized a union.  The blacksmiths, of ^'intiipeir, have  a  flmirishiii'r union.  Soon the housewife will begin to nee  the error of the Iceman's tvelshs.  Meetings.  P.-O. K���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. 6,  F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting members -welcome. II. W. Find-  ley, \V. P., Province oflice; S. R. Robb,  V.   S., World  olllce.  3. O. O. !���*., M. IJ.-I.OVAL, THINE FOR  1SVER lodge. Nn. T.f.% .meets every second ami fourth 'i'ues'lay'In the'iiuinlli in  <lie hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Mas-ting's street and -Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cor.  ���dially invited. F. Black, N. G.; R. W.  .Partridge, secretary. o  To Let.  If yiut have any local labor news  si'liil it to The' lndepcniletit, the working peiiple's organ.  The I'Vigusnii ICagle' Is iiuthority fur  the ntiitenieiit thai Ihe Liberals 'ot  licvclsiokc are going tu make that  place  a   si-apni't   town. ?  Hen. Sec. .Max .Morris, of the Retail  Clerks' l'rotectlvo association, reports  tlie- issuing of 27 I'ii* Hie first half or  April, this making about 110 charlers  issued wince July,  lS'J'.i.  Attention Is directed to the ailver-  llsiiment of the .Mutual Life of New  York. This reliable company does not  Insure impaired lives as others do.  Last year It had paid for business on  careriilly selected ami- unimpaired lives  only *ll!2,S70.07��. Application to insure  with this big institution may be made  to Sherwood Glllespy, general agent,  Seattle, Wash.  MAF1DKING RELIEVED.  The good news was received in the  city this (Friday) afternoon that It was  uflicially announced by the War Oflice  iu London to-day that MaTeking had  been relieved. It is predicted that the  Queen's birthday will see the war ended and .liritish supremacy maintained  over the Transvaal. There was great  rejoicing in Vancouver over the intelligence and (lags lloated to the breeze  in all directions.  When you want to hire a tlrst-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 123.  At the summer and wltner races in  Moscow and St. Petersburg SO.OOO rubies are offered in prizes, and Auieri-  can-Kussian cross-bred horses are eligible to compete for 747,000 rubles of  this. No American horses'are allowed  in the imperial studs, either full or  cross-bred. American horses soon he-  come acclimated in Russia anil stand  the cold as well as native horses.  TO LET-ROOMS FOR LIGHT HOUSEKEEPING;  well  furnished' and   clean.  Aiiply room 13, 220 Kcefer St.  TO      RENT���LARGE       STORE���WITH,  dwelling and  stabling in   rear,  No.  1)10  AVestminster qveiiue, opposite Street Car  Sheds. Apply Geo. Wags, Waiter street.  TO LET���THAT NICE COTTAGE, 1C10  Third Avenue. Falrv.iew; one minute's  ���walk from tntim car; rent low to good tcn-  niit. Apply to Webster Bros.'. Granville  Street, or C. Duncan, this oflice.  Help Wanted.  WANTED-A DRESSMAKER OR TA1L-  ORiESS. Apply Vancouver Dye Works,  *ll  Cordova'Street East. .  'jlVAiNTED-A RESPECTABLE YOUNG  man���state age, for light mechanical  vork, as.'helper; $3 a week ito start. Address in own .hanilivriting. not later than  Tlmrsdeiy. ,T. H. Weir, P. O. 'box SI I.  Real Estate.  1 REAL ESTATE SNAPS.     '  IjOT ON     THIRTEENTH     AVFyNUE-  Near Manitoba���only $110; this is a bar-  pain. T. Mathews, -117 i-last.lngs. Stree-t.  LOT  ON   M'ELVH^LE   STREET���NEAR  Bute, 33 feet;  nice situation;'only $G7"i.  T,  Mathews, 117 Hastings Street.  HOUSE AND LOT ON TENTH AVENUE, Mount ..Pleasant, near Westminster Avenue, 7 rooms; in good condition;  ���price "iI.OjO. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings  Street.  NEW 110 USB AND CORNER LOT ON  Ninth Avenue, with modern conveiiien-  res.   Price   $1.2ii0;  terms   to   arrange.'T.  ilalliows, Hastings Street.  UKJE   LOT   ON   WAR WOOD   STREET,  near Thurlow, IB ft.; fine view of English Bay. Price $550. T. Mathews, 117 Hastings Street. "  LO*irON"iEVBNTH AVENUE, MOUNT  Pleasant,  near car line.   Only 5325.  T.  Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.  BOUSE AND LOT ON HOMER STREET  near Smytlie; six rooms and bath. Only  J1.350. These buys are worth looking up.  T.   Mathews, 417 Hastings  Street. ,  Educational.  THE INTERNATIONAL CORRESPONDENCE Schools of Scranton, Pa., Is for  'the home study of industrial science,  taught by mall. .Apply Geo. H. Skeillng-  ton, room 4, Lefevre block, Vancouver. P.  'O. box 519. .-'������.:  AN.TI-MONGOLIAN PETITION.  .A widely circulated petition is being  circulated here praying His Excellency  the Governor-General, the Senate and  House of Commons of Canada for the  passing of an act Inhibiting the ininil-  ---Krallon-oC-OrlentalK^l-ha^petillnn-'ilsK)  points out that 4,069 Japanese and l.'!25  Chinese landed In Victoria from Jan. I  -to April 30th. AY. II. Cullln, secretary  nt the Central Committee, Victoria, has  requested .Mayor Garden to take charge  ot the petitions in this city, consequently His Worship would like to  jirocure as many signatures as possible.    Every  one should  sign.  ANOTi 1E It ICANDIDATI*.  I Mr.   Cnrter-Cottan   has   Announced  fliliraself ��s a icnndidate' In 'this cfty for  the approaching general electl'jn...  UNITED-SOCIALIST .LABOR, PA3ITY  We- regret receiving too late for this  Issue the platform nf principle!) of the  United Socialist Labor Party of 13. C.  It will, however, appear next week.  The- candidate of this party Is a well-  known citizen of Vancouver. Mr. Will  Mac. Claln Is also president of the International Machinists Union In this  city. An open air meeting will be held  this evening nt the corner of Carrall  and Cordova streets. Every one is  Invited  to attend.  Patronize home industry by smoking  . "Kurtz's Own,!' "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars.   They are  .union made and the best cigars in the  market. ��� '������-. t, :������'.'  '    BEWARE     OF     ANTI-ELECTION  ��� ���PROMISES.  'The old-time Japanese are not salaried at all with the great Inllux of  their brethren into this province. They  say they must suffer by them as well  as the whites, because they are in  duty bound to give them all the assistance in their power, to help them.  Already their places of abode are filled  to overflowing. We a're informed that  the transportation companies 'are at  the bottom of all this big rush ot Japs  to this province. It these companies  cannot get up sold excitement 'for the  whites, then they will try it on the  browns, or the blacks, or any old color,  creed or nationality, for the scramble-  for gold* is a wide-world drawing cai;d.  The Ferguson Eagle says that there  is no valid reason why the postal department of Canada could not be doing more than helf the 'express' business now carried by private companies. The "government should fix  reasonable rates for this class of matter." It could be done cheaper and  better than it Is at present, and there  would then he no deficit. Post oflice  employees could beepaid a fair wage  with an eight-hour. day. If Mv. Mulock wishes to do something that will  win him the confidence of the -whole  people of Canada let him branch out in  this direction." To which we say,  Amen!   '-. ���'  Some years ago Li Hung. Chang  stated that. China would some day be  a great manufacturing country, and  that the Far East would be a great  competitor in the Far West. He also  pointed out that China manufacturing  concerns subsidized by the government  "would employ large numbers of skilled  European and American skilled mechanics, and the Chinese workmen  would soon learn. As soon as the  trade warranted.lt, LI went on, Inducements would-be held out to the  Celestials in America to return to their  homes, where they could procure profitable employment, having learned the  ways of American workmen. We already feel the effects of cheap Oriental  labor in this province. But what are  we going to do about it?       ,  The dispute In the English potteries  trade, now pending, which involves  over 20,000 men, union and non-union,  emphasizes one most pronounced fact,  and., that .Is, all Anglo-Saxon working-  men must ultimately pull together under ono international banner of organization. The' London Speaker points  out that there are already signs of pOt-  terymaking in the United States being  greatly stimulated, and if the dispute  continues much longer, America will  be In dnnger of getting such a grip  that English-made goods will "not be'  wanted. Now what does this statement.  .mean.?iJt^slgnlfles=t'!iat=l!U=t!iese^days.  of keen-competition, It workingmen  insist upon having their rghts, and  the captnllsts of the concern act bull-  headed, they will be brought face to  face wllh the question of wage-competition with the foreigner, and grasp  for the stt*aw. Consequently international .unionism is becoming more  important every day.  AS OTHKI'tS HI'*''! US.  The Independent, a. new coast publication, warns its readers against "an-  tl-e'loctlon" 'pledged. The Independent  Is a good paper.���The Silvertonlan.  .Mr. Clvi.. Hartley, a former resident  of this city, Is now the editor ot The  Independent,- a bright, newsy weekly  paper, published in Vancouver In the  Interests of the wage-earners of British  Columbia. We wish George every  success In ills Journalistic venture.���Industrial nantier.cLoiiilon. , '  The Independent, Hie new labor  paper at Araneouver, edited by Geo.  Bartley, Is the best ot its kind in  Canada. Good, live, well-Written matter predominates. The Independent  deserves success and if the trades  unions do thelr.duty.lt will'be a strong  factor-In bringing about their rights.���  Ferguson Eagle.  ���  Vancouver Steam Dye Works, 14 Cordova street east, for dyeing, cleaning  and repairing ladies and gents' clothing, curtains, etc. J. G. Rougier, proprietor.  A BILLIONAIUE'S TROUP-UOS.  John 1). Rockefeller, the richest man  in America, whose Income' Tor the current year is closely estimated at $75,-  000,000, has quarreled' with his brother  Frank over a trilling mailer (to him)  of JliiO.OOO, and the unhappy feud has  been carried Into the Euclid avenue  Baptist church of Cleveland. The  brothers are members nf this fashionable church, and it is said John D.  Rockefeller carried its affairs with a  high and^iinperlous hand. A short time  ago he forced Rev. II. C. Applegrath,  the pastor, to resign, by threatening to  withdraw ills financial support unless  the offending pastor left the pulpit.  Rev. Applegrath had aroused the billionaire's anger by saying, in a sermon, "While some people charge "Mr.1  Rockefeller witli stealing the money  he has given to the church, he has  laid it on the altar and thus��sancti-  fied it."  Now the czar-like Rockefeller has  forced his brother Frank to retire from  the board of trustees. Speaking of the  trouble, Trustee A. T. bshorn said:  "We can do nothing but accept the  resignation. The real trouble lies between the two brothers, over some  business arrangement,. I understand,  and while we would like to have Frank  Rockefeller and his family in the  church, it is our duty to accept the  resignation in order to avoid further  trouble. This affair between the brothers should not be dragged Into  the church, and I shall do all within  my power to keep it out."  Rockefeller loaned his brother Frank  and a partner 1*150,000 to develop an  iron mine In the Jlesaba range. Some  differences arose, and it is said that  Frank Rockefeller and ills partner  were forced to sell the mine at a sac-  rillce to raise money to .meet the importunate demands of John D. Rockefeller.  And all this bitterness, strife, dis-  sensinn and scandal is over a sum that  is less than the average daily income  of John D. Rockefeller!  UNION MEN  ATTENTION.  All union men In the city are hereby  notified that Donaldson & Matthews,  the Cordova street clothiers, hatters  and men's outfitters, have just opened  out another large shipment of Union  label pants engineers, painters, bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons, smocks, etc. Donaldson  et Matthews, men's outfitters, 71 Cordova street.  HOMESTEADS FREE.  An Ottawa despatch says that Aulay  Morrison. M. P., has been Informed  by the Acting Minister of the Interior  that at last his efforts on behalf nf  British Columbia settlers on Dominion  lands have been successful. In future,  homesteads shall be free, the charge  of ?1 an acre being dime away with.  Those homesteaders who liuve not paid  will be exe-mpt. An order-ln-councll  will be published in the next Gazette.  TO HOUSE THE FIRE SUFFERERS.  At Ottawa the other day, in committee of supply to vote $100,000 for the  Ottawa-Hull lire sufferers, relief, Hon.  G. E. Foster urged the government to  make suggestions looking to the proper  rebuilding of the district, that it would  not again be liable to be wiped out  by fire. He recognized that the-work-  ins' population were too poor to be able  to erect or command fire-proof dwellings, but he made the following recommendation:. That a sum, say $200,000,  of the relief fund should be'set aside  in charge ot a trust. That the government borrow a million dollars al a  low rate of interest, the interest to be  paid from tlie $200,000. That on approved plans of brick or' stone buildings of a moderate size two-thirds of  the cost loaned free of interest for five  years and no payment of principal be  required for five.years, but after that  to be paid in the next ten years, with  perhaps four per'cent; interest. In  this way more than five hundred substantial homes could be erected.  The suggestion did not meet with  any too flattering a reception. Several  members'polnted out the difficulties in  the way, and also that the gitt of the  government In this case should not be  accompanied with any conditions. This  was the view- Sir Wilfrid took. He  said the proposal was far from being  without merit. The government had  decided to simply place this money '.n  the hands of the relief committee to do  with as they thought best, and he hoped that that committee would consider  the recommendation of Mr. Foster and  that it should be thoroughly discussed.  Mr. Puttee thought that the suggestion thrown out by the hon." ex-minister of finance (Mr..Foster) is one that  We should consider. He said: "It  seems to me that this Is the right.time  and place to throw out such suggestions. We cannot go into the details  now, but, really it seems that some  means should be taken to get the concrete sanity of the community at work  in the rebuilding of this district. It is  not only Hull and Ottawa that are  concerned because, alter all, this is  .-tetleral���Oti.a\v.af=ani"U^.Canaila=-.ls^coii=.-  cerned In this matter. If nothing else  can he done, It seems to me than now  is tlie right time to see whether we  cannot have federal government around  this city. The parliament buildings  are a large stake; every citizen of  Canada looks with great pride to Ottawa, we are building up a large country, and It seems to me Unit this* is llie  right time to give attention to the  building up of Otlawa. It strikes tne  as being extraordinary, that with all  the wealth anil prosperity displayed lu  the Industries carried on nronnd those  falls, the workmen who are employed  In llieni should live in little hutches  that something should be done to obviate this In future. As far as the  suggestion of the hon. gentleman (Mr.  Foster) Is concerned, that the government or a committee or somebody .shall  raise a million dollars and let It out,  and have no Interest pnld, is a feasible  cne, and it Is one which could very  well be adopted, not only in the case  of fires and calamities, but 'at/nil times.  I think the government should take  some action to see that the people are  properly housed."  PASTE THIS IN YOUR BOOT.  Canadian native wine is hard to beat.  We have a large shipment'from one  of the best vineyards in,, the Niagara  district���just the thing for family use;  25 cents per bottle, $1.25 per gallon.  Gold Seal Liquor Company, 740 Pender  street,  city.  The Gold Seal Liquor Company are  live business men, anil sell the very  best goods on the market at white  men's prices. Red Cross ale and porter,  ns well as imported kinds, are sold by  this up-to-date establishment.  . \   The old ami reliable dyeing and  cleaning estab'.lshment, 14 Cordova  street east, near the track. Work done  here is done well, and cannot he improved, on.   J. Q. Rougier, proprietor.  0 THE PALACE. ...  The Palace Clothing House Company is a busy institution these days.  The rush is on fine made-up clothing,  hatis, caps and men's furnishings.' This  stock has1 been. purchased at 4S 1-2  cents on the dollar,-and'consequently  patrons will benefit thereby to that  extent. Parties wSsliing to procure  bargains should bear In mind that  now is the time to buy at the great  manufacturers' sale of clothing. The  place is at 110 Cordova street.  Largo, assortment and  good value. Decorate  fur tlio 2-4t.li.  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  HOOKS, fiT,lTIOXKI;V,,I'HOTO .SU1TI.IE.S, KTC.,-  laS Cordova Street  Viiiiciaive'r, lt. C  The Artizan and       0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ^Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.   We Sell Them.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  100 Conlnvn Street, Cor. Abbott,  JiOl OnmviUe Street, Cor. Jtobson.  Urinous your PiiKf-cimTiQNs.  GRAND EXCBJK&B��N  Sunclii^'v May '-^utli.  Thu ntiijjiiilicent piissuiiKer steiuncr (JI.KX-  OKA willlenve SthnsonV Wiuirf nt '2:110 \>. m/,  for tho North Ann of Burntnl Inlet. First-class  bit ml will be provided. -Tiekets for the round  trip: Adults,r.0renf*.;children,��r>eeuts-tobe  luid nt the offices of the Vii-toriii-Vitm-ouver  Tninsportiitiou Ojmpiiny, ;10'> Cordova street, or  on boiml.  Those interested in the Independent Litbor  ticket will meet oh MONDAY KYKXlNti, Mny  21, at S )). in. in the old school house, Mount  I'lcn.sniit. .1.'MORTON, Chiiimmn.  xkw uusiness   rki'o.utkd  vow  ykau 1899:  "Plae Mutual Life  = OI r-N IC\V-YO Ii i c; :  I'niil fur IjiixInesK nn I'liicfiillv snle'Cte'tl  nml niiiiiiiuilu'il llu'.- only  $l62,d70,G?9.  New York Life  liii-liiillii'- linpulrcil or Milj-Miiiiilunl Hivs  $202,309-060.  J^qui table  . Ue'tlut'iliii; ]>ttlii'ie'f- iM-ue'.il nml nut |niltl for  $149,731,910.  'flit; MutiiMi i.Hc Is tin- only nne> of  llii'.-u tlii'i't'i'iiiiiiuiiilfh tlull iltii's not injure' im-  imlii'il live'S.  II you me' ilwiioiis of IiihiiIiik Id ii i'iiiii|hiiiv  tlint rc-ijiilrei-11 most tliiu-niiKli ine'tlli'itl i'.\inii|.  mill Ion mid iifCe'|it.s only rare-full*.' Mile'i'li'il mill  unliii'inlrt'il llve-s, H]>|i]li'iit!iin limy lie ninili! to  Sliorwootl Ollli_-��pj-, Ciuneml Afe'iit, Se-  utlle, Win-li.  Civil Service Candidates  Attention.  -^^*^THE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  yom>iEitt.Y C. WOODWARD,  LIMITED"  )'l  CLOTHING DBP.WraiHNa'���For Friday ana Saturday ONLY, 111  Black Enfjlisli Worsted Suits, s Izca Sli, 37, IS, 39, 40, 42, regular prie'e-, $12  for S-S.OO. ���**���'<�����.-*-.��� '  HOOT AND STIOK DEPARTSIENT-TO pair ot Misses' Pino Dongolti  Boots, patent tip, Mackny m-wn; only in sizes 11, 1 and 2; l'"ridiiy /uui Saturday priiic, $1; other days, $1.00. Tills is a saimplo ot the simps we uro  Kivlns In this Department.  DllY GOODS DKPARTMKNT.���New Hosiery nt tlie old prices. Bovs'  heavy ribliesl eotton stock!uss'frem 12',-ic up to 2oc. Ltulie's' Culton Stue-k-  ings,  106,   15c,   ISa.  CAliil'KT Dra'AnTXIMN'r-Por Friday uml Saturddy ONLY. We iilTe-r  best 75c Tapestry for Ke; Kic Tii'iestry lor 15c. Our Oilcloths and linoleum arc tho best anil cheapest In the City. Oilcloth ISo, 20c,''Be;  Nairn's Linoleum, 50c.  OROCKWItY DUllAmTMBN'r-Insiiectlon invited hero as we sell  Crockery nnd Glassware tu'llvlii-* prices. Groat variety In Whltowiire.  Children's Mugs, 5c. Cups and Saucers,  50c ��loz.  up.  Mail Orders Solicited. "    .  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  Teach  <$y  t*opqni?u  Your children music! There  .'MnhMiMiretiml iim'il in If.- The  be'.-t Ciiiuiilliiu uml l'*ngli.sh  Pianos,  fno hest'Ciumtliiui Ortiiitis: lies,  son ������ 1'i'iitiitype" lliintl Iiistru-  muiits; und the best In nil  .Musical Goods.  All ut iikst price's nml terms at  Boult's Music Store  ."���iO Granville Street!, opp. I'. O.  '������<'-���       ---. ,.      ���"���-   ....'���'  % Cleveland and j&��^ ��� *^�� 1^> ��. ���  ���       Tribune     IJI^IJIjItrS ���  ������"' ���"''''���  Y  CCCGCGCCCO ������"'  t  KALPH.   S0LC:AOfNT,    x  24 Cordova St.  ,���1 ������--��� ���'���:���������.���''���������  .������������.������.���������������������������������������*������������������������  oooooaoaacaaaaoacoacccaoocaoaGacjacaQaaoccacccGoooooo.  i VancouverWest   t^:V:.v-.?/^t;  If.you wish to imss ut the coming examination, you should begin now. Although wu huve  not us yet Iniil a fnlliirc,'.wo eniuiut. conch vou  suci't'ssfully If you comiiieiie'c too lute. TIIK  II. II. ,1, VdtiEI, CO.MMKltCIAL COLLEOK. I'.  O. Hox ;U7,  O  n  o  o  o  a  n  a ,  o-  (**������  o  o  o  o  O-'i".  O ���.'���������  o. .���  C5  <*��   -���  ceo  1 hnve 11 number of huge Ids for sule.in thnt pnrt of tliecilv, inniieiliute-lv nil    * '    ' llie; -       -     -   ���  joiiiirg'-Tuiivii-w in tlio \u'st.  stiine' buck in the rising gri.itnd  diiiui'y siiiull lots, but ure  SiiKij lire nenr the bench (Just imst (lieer's) nml"  lire siileiidiilly situuted.  These nie- not or-  100x130 feet, almost I -3 acre eaefo, g  $200each.on terms *g  ��� - ���."'"'   %t  nmliVrurmit. dit-rmmt for cti>l).   Tliis property, '.which will eventually bolhu  .  u  trliuife 1 osi-ilcittinl pnrt of the city, 1ms tievcr-Jtoen on the mnrket bufore, innl will      $  not rcimiin lr.ng unsold.   The lii'.-t  huyurs hHve Ihe choice.  Thev enu otil" *  bought from me.    .���. r r.      -.-���'.*.:;:' -���.���'���".. .      ; : V- ���':.;>.'.  J. H. Calland, 623 Hastings St.  ���      " *    ' ';; Opposite I.cliind lloteb  cccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccccecccccccc00S  Tliev C1111 onlv be      |^-  u  o  e  ��'.-  u  ':������: very Laroe stock :;*  .       CHEAP OILCLOTHS.  -��.,  Wjc keep"  the well-known and popular  niuUt'H���tlie kinds that give  butisfuetion.  T. B. Cuthbertson ��* Co.,  Ilntters und Iliibcrdnshers,  897, Hastings. St..  BINION-MADE BREAD'  "-1 FOIt TIIK 1'KOl'I.K.  AViiKiins will cnllut iinv *purt of the city;  |'roni|'t,iiltctilli>n nnd civiUiy.iltjilKtiiiieii giv_  us 11 trinl iinii besiitislliMl.  SURISWIOli   I3AICISUY,  PKCKI'ltT it '1'IETZK       -     -       I'niprlctors  Corner Diifforin nnd Fifth Avenue.  Telephone 70!).  NEWW  We hnve Just rcci'lvotl the lnrce'M  nnd best mock Uf jji'iiiNn Hats we  hnve ever iiffereil In Viiiiitiuvi'r.  They nreslyllsli nml tluruble.  R. ROBERTSON,  20 COltDOVA.STIIEET.  HOTEL NORDEN  23 COE0X>VA S31*RIDBT, Varico*iyer,-;B. C.  RATiES���Board and lodging, ijl per day;  K per ���week. The.T-ar is suppliediivith the  choicest brands ot wines, liiuora .and  olpiTa. Best draugUt toeer, ale and porter, 6 cents a glass. The hotel Cttas been  newly furnished ,throughout, ....  P. IJARiSBN, PROPMETOR.  Sjjfcer Sbinqle NHI  -;;-';-'''-Y'v/coi,;:Ltd.,;;  For Summer F.uol and Kindling Wbod.:       j ;   .  Suitable Fur Cooking Stove, Air "fight IIeatef;  .-   or tirnte.  $1.50 Per Load  By fur the Clienpcst, nml iu cverv iinv the mosti.  sutisfuctoryfuelin themnrkut.   ,  spicer shingle ftJLL company, Limned, <  North End Cnmbio Struct llriilge  TISI-ISPHONIi: 369.  The"  QUAN.N'  Bl'OS.,     -., -       1'1'OpS,  Seymour Strect't,  '  CIubb& Stewart  Is the plnce to iiiirchnse your line fttrn-  isliliigsnutl elothliiK.  The luiust  iitylon In  Are now on exhibition ut our store,  160 Cordova St;  TEL. 703. "I"'':'  1

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