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The Independent Jan 19, 1901

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Array Subscription, $1.25 a Year  Wagc-earncri should subscribe,  because this paper is printed In  their Interest*.  Subscribe NOW.  3J2 Homer Street.  VOL. 2.  To Accomplish   Results  Business men should advertise-  in the labor pap.-r. Jt rcaihe-s  the liest paying trade- in the city.  3J2 Homer Street.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JANUARY 1!), 1901.  TfUDMD LABOR 0UC1L  There was a good attendance of dcle-  eates nt the Trades and labor Council  on Friday iileht, when Pxesident Dixon  called lt to order.  ' TJie following credentials were received: 'Iron moulders���Messrs. Mnrsland  and Wllks; Clgurmakors���J. Crow, F.  Frost and A. Kochel; Boiler-makers  and Iron Ship Butlders���J. H. Watson  and J. White; Theatrical Stage Employees, F. Baker and G. Williams;  Bricklayers, and Masons���A. Anderson;  Street Hallway Men���George Dickie,  John Pearey, T. C.'Barton, G. Howes  and George Lenfesty; Freight Hand- i  lera���James H. Perkins and Gerald Col- I  ���'.' ��� well  COMMUNICATIONS  were received as follows:  iFrom J. T. Brown, re Alexandra Orphanage. ���  From George H. Turner, re school  teachers.  From Alfred Parr, re a' gentleman in  Sila district.  From Committee of Siocan Miners'  Union.  From J.   D.  McNiven,  Secretary  of  the Victoria Trades and Latior Council.  -'    From John Roberts, Secretary "Laborers' Protective Union.  From William Woodman, Nanaimo,  *e circular sent out.  From Felt Hatters and Trimmers'  "Union, stating that they used the Union  label on hats. o  OEXJANTZATrON "WORK.T" "���"  Tho Organization Committee reported  "that it hod organized the Theatrical  Stage employees; also a branch of the  Fishormen's Union at Eburne.  THE AilJEXANDRA ORPHANAGE.  The Committee appointed to "look into  the charges against the Alexandra Orphanage reported as follows:  Vancouver, January ISth, 190L  Mr. President and Brothers:  Your Committee on Alexandra Orphanage begs leave to report as follows:  We received a letter some days ago  lroni Secretary Marshall of the Trades  and Labor Council, stating, that the investigation Into charges made against  the Orphanage would take place in the  -Committee Room at the City Hall, on  January 17th, .at 8 o'clock, and any  .statement-; we wished, to make should  l>e put in writing.  ' IWeYoholuded from that It wouJd be  useless to attend as we would not be  Admitted, and as for written statements, although we had had (several  ��� ��omp_aiiite���In fact all who -have had  children there seem to be dissatisfied,  yet they did not -seem to want to make  any, as they seemed to consider It  would be entirely useless and did not  care to make themselves conspicuous  Star nothing. On Saturday we saw by  the "Independent," that the meeting  was to be public, so wc decided to attend.  There were about-thirty persons present when  the meeting was called to  order by Chairman Brown.    This  included the Board of Management, the  Matron  and  one assistant,    Inspector  "JUarrlon,    John    Mathews,    a    member   of   the   Fairvlew   School   Board,  two or,three ladies who had complaints  tp> make, :Mr. Harris, a plasterer,'." Mr.  Abrams, from Fairview and your own  bumble Committee and one or two re-  ajortera. Chairman Brown first read the  letter 'of complaint from J. Mathews,  and Mien read tt communication  from  the Secretary of the Trades and Labor  Ctenncil,    requesting   leave    for   your  Committee to sit on investigation.   Aid.  Grant  Immediately , moved    that   the  comtriu'nication from'J. iMathews be dls-  cossed iirst.   (Carried).   On the charges  being ''read, Bro. White, of our Com-  malttee, suggested, that the charges be  discussed singly and replied to by the  Matron.    Bro, White was at once sat  "upon by Chairman Brown, by asking  Itim whom he represented.   Bro. White  replied Ule Trades and Labor Council.  The Chairman then asked if the Board  was going to give us leave to ���lt or If  they considered themselves capable of  running their own affairs.1'  Aid. Grant  promptlly  moved .thatYLhe_CommIttee'  no. n  Iroi^the'^fadMniurdTKiboFXrouMirbe"  allowed to remain ln the room, but  to haive, no vote or voice in any way  whatever.  John Mathews was then asked  what ihe had to say. This struck us  as ivery peculiar, as he being the one  to make charges-first, lt would, according to a court of law, have been the  "Board's place to clear themselves first.  After Mr. Mathews had been held on  the gridiron for some time a diversion  took place In the form of two women  striking In with their grievances. The-,  words of both these parties were certainly wild, but we have reason to believe that they were at. least sincere  nnd did not deserve the audible snicker that rnn round the row of ladles.  When a woman wildly declares before God that she be-llevcs the Orphnn-  ugc was responsible for her little baby's'  death, a terrible ohurge to make, and  then see all the women guffaw and the  Board smile, is beyond our comprehension. ; We must admit that a cold shiver ran down our backs.  Statements were made by the ladles  flaying that they had dropped in at the  Orphanage quite unexpectedly during  meal time in the last few days and recited what they had seen on the table,  which was a-very good bill^o Ware. But  ' you have to take into consideration  that, this was published in the papers  about two weeks ago, so the'arrurrient  <eiM.leg po weight.' iMr', 'ESfelina "ma^e  a statement on the same lines, and  was asked by Mr. Mathews if there  was any sugar on the table. He said  he did not notice.  Mr. Brown then stated that there  could be no stint on sugar, as Mr.  Rogers, of the Sugnr Refinery, sent a  barrel of sugar nnd a barrel of syrup  every year, and sometimes -sent more  before the one In stock was quite out.  Wo certainly think .Mr. Brown was  rattled or else let the cat out of the  bag, for one would certainly infer that |  there was occasionally some sugar left  In the barrel at the end of the year.  And we would like to ask how long a  barrel of sugar would last 44 children  If they received a full share.  Other members of the Board stated  that.there was no stint on the purchasing Committee ns to what quantity of  food should be .purchased; some cannot  see why the children should not receive  enough and to spare. It was'stated  by Mr. Abrams that he considered there  was not enough help, only four people  to look after that army of children.  Mr. England replied that Miss Fdnhalo  could have help whenever she required  it.  Mr. Harriss stated that he had been  employed there several time lately, and  lie was very favorably impressed with  the surroundings. ;His evidence was  the best gh-en so far as It went, as it  seemed to be perfectly Impartial. Inspector Mnrrlon stated that he had a  good opportunity to observe the condition of the children when asslstlngDr.  Maclean to inoculate them for diphtheria llately. He said that they were  very clean and healthy looking and  would compare much more favorably  than the majority of children brought  to hiiii to be vaccinated free of charge  during the past year. But you must  consider that he would have a great  many poorly cared for children to vaccinate, the great majority of people  prefering to have a doctor, so you see  a poor comparison.  Tlie questions put to the Matron-  two or three��� were very inaudibly answered, it being impossible to hear her  distinctly across the fifteen-foot room.  *We did overhear her make some statements in regard to the sore on the  boy's leg, caused by a shell or something of that sort, which, she considered  ���had evidently poisoned It and stated  thatshe had tried to cure it, but could  mot.  Mr. Mathetre was asked why he made  the statement that the leg had not  been dressed.  He replied that the boy had told him.  The worst feature of the whole.proceedings :was the insulting of a very  old lady by; the long-haired . person.  We do not know who the lady was or  what her character is, but we do know  that the man who insulted her in the  presence of that meeting, was no gentleman, but a cur, and Chairman  Brown allowed it, without a word of  protest. We doubt if he. would have  allowed it if the man. had not been favorable to the Orphanage. . At the close,  a motion was put and seconded that  the Boards exonerate the Matron from  all these charges and was unanimously  carried. ,? .*   ?  Mow the Board arrived at this conclusion we are at a loss to see, for  alitor listening to all that had been  said, we, as a Committee, were unable  to form any opinion as to whether she  could be exonerated or not. We have  ���no idea as to whether these charges  are just or not If they are not, the  matter should certainly be cleared up  and the blame taken off the Matron,  and if they are just, she should certainly be condemned.  Of course the Board has exonerated  her and we feel sure are shaking hands  with ithemselves at the clever manner  In which'they'conducted, the^Investigation. In point of fact it was clear from  their standpoint, no nest of eggs could  haive "been better .laid or hatched than  was that Investigation.  In conclusion we beg to request that  the Trades and Labor Council will not  let itkls onatter drop here, but keep it  continually on the table until it is sifted to the bottom, and if the charges  are not founded on fact, there will be  now- happier than your Committee.  Tours fraternally,  J. LILLY.  Committee: F.J.RUSSELL.  ��� ���   "    .   G. WHITE.  ^^^VNidN^XNlTNOlxiTTmONT  PROBLEM  Rev. E. H. H. Holman, of Stuart, Iowa, Delivers an Eloquent Address to an Attentive Audience���The  Teachings of Christ the Solution.  The Waiters and Waitresses present-  led'a. list, of hotels and restaurants  ���that were union and non-union. A  Committee was appointed to wait on  the non-union proprietors.  COlVIMITTEBS STRUCK.  The following committees were appointed:  Executive���Messrs. Davidson and  Little.  Auditing���Messrs. White, Wilson and  Dickie.  Organization���Messrs. Watson, Todd  and Lenfosty,  festy.  Visiting���Messrs. Marshall, Lltllc and  Dixon.  Parliamentary���..Messrs. Morton. Macpherson, Barton, Anderson, Salter,  Todd, Mc-KlsMck, Williams, Cowell,  Findluy.  The meeting adjourned at 11:15.  On Monday evening, Jan. Hth, Rev.  B. H. H. Holman, of Stuart, Io\vu, lectured In the Y. OI, C. A. hall. His  subject was "Ohiist and the Labor  Problem," and President Joseph Dixon  of tho Trades and Labor Council, presided, there being a large attendance.  The speaker's eloquent remarks were  frequently punctuated with applause,  ���and the audience left the hall well satisfied and feeling that an hour or so  had been very profitably put in. Mr.  Holninn spoke as follows:  Above the quiet fields om which the  shepherds watched their docks the Ju-  ile.in sky was lined *-ith,glory. Angel  bands cireuled overhead. 'Music and  melody floated on the midnight air, and  an unknown song -fell upon the ears  ol" those humble men as .they listened  to the chanted'anthem. For It told of  one- born in Bethlehem, a Saviour'of  mankind, and the angels robbed heaven of Its music for _. time to chant  over earth the glory, of a ."b'a'be'. who  day'.wrapped in the swaddling clothes  of poverty in the manger of the Inn.  When this babe, thus heralded by the  angels, had become a iman, we find  him not , among the rich, either of  church or state; but standing at the  carpenter's bench,  OX.B OF EARTH'S TOILERS.  The scene changes,  and  we see Mm  ".he Teacher, come 'from God," speak-1  lng to.the common people, "who heard  him gladly," the sermon on the mount.  This message came    warm    from his.  heart, in simple words, not hard to understand.  'He spake 'not as the scribes  aiid!jPharisees, but. as' one having authority Y-.This message, spCken in love,  clmi'ffe-Kl   wlh   dendly   earneatnesa,' nn'.i  sealed with a .life, cf'altruism unequalled.- yet on earth,  '.old of a .kingdom  which should come among'men wherein  should reign, not the military nor mercenary .heroes  of  earth,   but   wherein  love to God and to each other should  beget ���"righteousness, peace and-joy in  the Holy Spirit."   This kingdom of God  is  to conquer the earth;.God's will  is  to'be done in earth as In heaven, and  sin, wickedness,, oppression and despotism of every kind shall vanish when  the *NTe-w Jerusalem  shaQl come down  out of .heaven  "prepared   as   a bride  adorned' for her bridegroom" to be the  earthly   possession  of; men   when  God  shall dwell with, them and they shall  be His people.  '.In the unfolding of this  kingdom, Christ  has  a word  for the  individual; he has also a word for society.   No one can -say; that Jesus belittles 'limn and exacts society.   "How  much  is a  man   worth?"'   In his mind  the individual: is. worth! so much that  the whole world, tilled with diamonds  and crowned wlt'h gold, its not enough  to  "buy  back"  a single soul.   In   the  thought of Jesus the individual has no  money  value,, but   the very    heart  of  God is pained to see the waywardness  .of.'His 'children.     God'sent  His  own  Son  to. proclaim  that even thought the  ind'lvlduariias gone in to- the tax country, neglected God and been steeped in  sin, even then he Is a child of God and  a sheep of His flock,  ���'NOT "KET [FOUND."  Had he done no miore than to Jay emphasis upon the worth of the individual, Jesus would still'be the world's  great"Teacher come from God. fiu:  He did more. He hns a word for the  individual He has also a word for society. (His 'message concerns "all of  us," as niueh as It concerns "each of.  lis?"-  through wise laws Impartially enforced  to capture and  HIAN'G THE THIEVES  .He could  talk in  purest Spanish  When  the  war  In Cuba raged.  In  Dutch  he loved  to chatter  When Oom Paul In fight engaged,  He can  name the Chinese- citleB  ������'Which are bothering our patee,  But someihow says.   "I seen It,!'.  When he talks United Stales.  Good Lord, in every time and place  Give, rasa t enough for saying' grace.  But If no 'iiieat Thou .'art bestowing,  Gire bread enough to keep uu going',  Jesus  does-"ifot-iiiTeifd   to save  merely a few spiritual aristocrats who  ride In the rear coach while'the whole  train  dashed  to'ruin.     He  intends  to  save  the  train  ltst-lf.    Jesus  does  not  intend merely to save a few individuals  from the wreck, and stand an Impotent  siiectiitor,  while  this  beautiful  earth,  born   of God's love  and   decked with  flowers, filled with the wonders of His  power, and teeming with the multitudes  of Ge>d's children,  dashes to destruction;   liko some  mighty  ocean   vessel  driven   by   reJlcntless   winds  upon   the  rock?.   Jesus Intends to save the wreck  Itse-lf and guide immunity Into the harbor of redemption.    For His kingdom  Is  like  the leaven  which  the woman  took and hid In three measures of meal  "till  the whole- was leavened."    That  Is a narrow view of the gospel which  contents Itself wilh .currying "the man  fallen among thieves" to some friendly  Inn   and   caring   for  him   during   his  recovery.     This Individuals can do, to  a limited extent.    (However, it Is noteworthy Unit the social settlement and  slum work is terribly discouraged In Its  results.    'Here and there a man saved'  or  a  woman  rescued;  but  the  cos: is  weeks and months of unremitting toll.)  Or this rescue work the individual" mm  do  something.     The   world   Is  richer  to-day   because  of  the    many    good  Samaritans  who    are    spending- their  and render the road to Jericho safe for  all  mankind.     Notice the  life of the  one who woiild thus speak with authority to both the Individual and society.  It was at life of purity; It whs a life  of simplicity; It "as a life of humility.  Yet  to startle the  world  into  faith In  his message behold those scintillations'  tlons   of   wondrous   power. ,   See  how  disease obeyed Him.    At His command  the blind saw, the dead heard, .the lame  walked.    At His voice the waves settled Into rest and death gave hack Its  vlr.inis.    Watch' the close of that life.  Calm and serene under the bitter persecution     forgiving    and    submissive,  even In  His death; the tomb received  Him'whom even His enemies admired.  Bu: the grave could -not'hold Hlni, and  with clear proof of the fact. God sealed  the  message  He  had  given  to  the  world   by   the -ressurrection   from   ihe  dead.     So    that, if il  read  tlle record  aright, I bring to you to-day the sentiments and feelings toward the labor  problem, not of a dead Christ whose  lifeless dust is lying in   that eastern  sepulchre on which "the Syrian stars  shine smiling down"; but rather I am  speaking of.One whose   living ? heart  beats in warm sympathy with the poor  and 'needy of the earth, in whose tears  and sorrows and disappointments are  written the. eloquent evidences that  THERE US A ILA'BOIR PIROBfI_E!M.  This  none  will  deny.-    We. read   Its  presence alike in those degenerates of  society who live by their wits at! the  back doors of the generous; and as well  in those social -parasites' who toll not,  neither do they spin, but' who live by  the sweat of other men's brows.    We  behold the labor problem in the sweatshop and' tenement district, where poverty, stalks, a grim and deadly spectre,  attended  ever  by  her twin,  .offspring,  vice and crime.   'We Witness Its effects  in :!.'ndiistiial_.wnrs..which, are_mo.ving  society to great uneasiness.    We read  its records In the clash,of conflict where  capital, well fed, haughty, and selfish,  often    tyrannical and unjust. Invokes  the strong- arm of the law, 'bribes leg-  lsltures,   and   procures   injunctions   in  an attempt to crush down labor, which,  gaunt and: hungry, often desperate and'  reckless, struggles against tremendous  odds   in "Its  contention    for  economic  justice.    This is [the labor problem to  which  I  cull  atentlon, , and  T  take it  t'hat Me who exchanged' heaven foi' the  .manger; who lived the life of toll-and  suffered the privations of poverty; who  shared the lot of the common people,  ���"who heard Him gladly" thon as now;  who taught that "a man's lite eonslst-  et'h nut in  the abundance    of    things  that   he   possw-seth,"   is  deeply    concerned in the lot of.the toilers of the  earth to-day.  In the first place notice the  scene of the labor problem. XVe  are not east upon some barren island,  limited in extent and void of natural  fertility; but the sun shines and the  showers fall upon a land of unsurpassed resources, so that yearly we .have  been compelled to. "pull down our barns  and build greater," overwhelmed by  these material evidence of God's love  and  bounty..  Indeed,  we find that the  .    GROWTH AMD IHROGlR'ESS  of this continent have "been marvelous.  Mere- villages have grown into populous cities.    The whirr of a multitude  of spindles  follows  t;ho merry music  of the mountain stream until it looses  itself in  the deep bass of the mighty  ocean.    The seas nre  white with  the-  spreading sails of  commerce.     Broad  farms lie basking beneath God's smiling sun.    Mellow orchards drop  their  luscious fruitage.     The heavy -rumble  =of-ima'chinery-min'glti!=wlih~th9-'no'lse_of'  busy streets.     Star-eyed    science  has  robbed nature of her secrets.   Laughing  streams neglect  their courses   to  ���refresh the arid land, and limpid waters flow down  from mountain sources  to quench the city's thirst.    AVe have  trained the delicate .lingers of machinery In the arts of manufacture .and laid  on throbbing steam the heavy load of j  ���toil.   We  -hnve   bound'   the   state-s   together  by bands  of   .steel.     Colleges  ami universities are crowded by Industrious students.    The dally press presents  to  all   to-day,  yesterday's  news.  Ity physicians' skill we have added five  year.',   to  the average  life  of civilized;  society,' and robbed' the   deailly    pestilence     of    one-half   of    Its      terror  anil      destruetlvenevs;    such    Is    the  wiuideiTul    .iwpnm'c     of     nature,   to  our    Imperious  demands;  such   Is   the  material    equipment   njf   this   land   ln  which we may we-ll be surprised to find  so    disquieting  a   spectre  ns  a  "labor  problem."   Some conditions nliloh render  the  labor problem   of    to-day so  changed from.the'same problem of the  [last should be ntoed In order to render any discussion of the subject Intelligible.    First,  this is  AD A'Y OF MAC HTO"BJiiT.  The olden times of which iRuskln telle  lis with so much beauty, are gone, and  gone forever.    The master's shop has  felt the magic, touch of the age, and  chlnery.     Twenty-s!x    thousand    patents were Issued last year (1900) by the  United States, and t'he time- .has e-ome  when    maehlnery  is displacing   men.  The tinlcent Jews made bricks without  straw, In a primitive- process of manufacture   which    remained    unchanged  until recently: but now from the time  the steam shovel eats out the solid clay  from!  the  banks  until  the  bricks are  hoisted   to    the   top  of a   steel  frame  structure-,  the whole process Is essentially machine production. '.When Gut-  tenberg  discovered  the  movable type,  a new Industry was born,    which re-  maintd practically the same tintil within  the last ten  years,  when the linotype   machine    was    introduced;   now  printers are a drug on the market.   In  California you may see a monster traction  engine  steaming,   over  the  level  plain of wheat.    'Before Its sickle the  wheat  bows submissively,  and  in  its!  .wake, lies threshed and sacked.   This J  combination steain reaper and thresher cuts a" 02-foot 'swath  and' delivers  from I,50Q.t.o 1,800 sacks a day; that is,  :tbout  100 acres.     Fifty years ago'200  men must have toiled from early sun  till eventide to have accomplished the  same  results,     iln  some.,'of our  cities  you may see a steam- ditcher moving'  ���siow-ly, down   the  centre  of  a   newly-  laid   out .street,  making  trenches   for  gas  and sewer  pipes,  w'hile  the day  laborer,  out  of a job, stands  Idly  by  on the sidewalk and tries to look unconcerned.     In- agriculture,   one  man  to-day-.will   do , the. work ��� of  live   ten  years ago; the other four seek the city  :o swell the ranks of the unemployed.  The coal barges on .the great lakes no  longer shovel coal;  but the whole car  Is run on a platform1 and by a simple  device Is emptied bodily into the hoat.  Stone cutters now have a pneumatic  hammer-,  by which? a man  can strike  a hundred blows a minute.    .Railroads  have just  begun    to use a- surfacing  machine, 'by which four men can do the  work of several hundred.    This introduction of machinery, which Is so general and so far-reaching, Introduces a  serious question  into  the  labor problem.    The thinking man cannot boj"-ot  to   machinery  of. itself;  every  Vurden  which  can0:be  lifted   from ..the   bowed  form of la'bor and laid'an'some  machine, win ultimately be'a 3lMs:ng :o  society.     The question which. Is "waiting! for solution  is 'how  to retain  all  the advantage   of machinery,  without  causing the very progress jf. society in  general  to  result   in great  individual  Injustice and hardship.    To the introduction of machinery, must be added'  another   far-reaching   element In the  labor.. ..problem;., .the ... m->htfpoI��'-and  iCO^CEXTR'ATlOX OF.WEiALTH  which marks this day and age. A list  of some 330 monopolies was published  in the'Review of Reviews not long ago.  The trust is a part of the same labor-,  saving 'machinery applied to a different  part of the production. The automatic  machine displaces the laborer, the trust  displaces the travelling man, the  small ... merchant, . and the,', bookkeeper. : They., are both a d'evelop-  ,me:i: of economic methods of production;1 but they both weigh heavily on  the laborer.  (We    must    also      remember     that  the    labor  problem    Is    now  a  world  problem.     The    world    is   the   field.  Oceaie cables and. steamship lines have  married the eontinets and' the solidarity of  the  race    is .receiving a  new  meaning every   day.   Petroleum fields  are   being  opened   up   In  Russia   and  Japan.-?   Grear .Railroad  systems  are  being developed in Africa ana, China.  This war with China wil. break down  ���ihe barriers and give access to another  great and rich field.   In:o all these con-  tinents.will go the Englishman and the  Amierlean and the    German    and  the  Frenchman, and  with  automatic machinery these trained leaders in industry will .fli'f the Orient  with factories  emploj-ing the cheapest    la'bor in.the  world,* with  the same  labor they  will I  develop  the  agricultural resources  of  those rich continents;  with  the same  labor they will  take the  raw product  there produced and manufacture it into the articles demanded by the Oriental trade and then we will see, not an  open door into China, but an open door  out of China, and these other countries,  with the fleets of commerce seeking to  find a market  for the cheap labor ot  these lands Ji^hjy^DJ!Omes^f-.Aniei^  IcaTrtmrTSui-opean factories.  CONDITIONS IN KOOTENAY.  Mr Bremner, lnbor ronnnlttioner, Report* Condi!. ������ Good,  "It is true-," said ,r. llroniiii-r i'ii ln;-  iny inti-rvie-wi'il by I'm: I.Mii:ri:\iii:.vr,  "that iiiy re-i-i-nt visit tu Knssliiipl was  in i.-oniurliiiii willi riolaliuns id' the  Alien l.ulinr l.uw. 1 am iVe-e t" Malt'  tlmt ('um-ltisivt'.i.viik-.u-i' ii- mil larking  tu make- a sllllii'ie-inly i-truii;: i-iim; to  warrant prosei-miiii!;'niul if events in  tin- iiiiine-iliiiti- I'titun- imlit-atu i-ui'Ji a  ���.���our;--! 1" lie best, it .ili-ill In. fulliiwi-,1.  If any t-iii|ili>vcr can show fair reus'iii for  obtaining ine-n iihi.mil miili-r <-<nitr;u:t,  that is if the skill he u-int- cunml he-  |iriicure-il indlie cuinitrv, on-thisr ','iiocl  ami siillicie-ni cuuse, he will luivu no  iii'e'itsii.n to import tin-.-i- men siirrop-  tiously. Hut tut- pive-rnnie'iii hnve ilu-  t-.-rniiin.il tn permit, im importation of  furi-i).'ii h'.bor nt-tin* "t-x/irii-u ui'Ju-��� of  employment to our own people.  Till! ri'li'.tiiiiis Iji.-twi'i-n e-iniiliive-r-i uml  e'liipluyi-il inKootenay in ye-ueriil, arc  quite luiniiniiieui.-i aiui in i-oiiie- i-ections  the bid jtimd foe-ling that uiu-e- prevailed  liutwewi tlie twiil.iisiiieii r^-e-ij.ljli.-lieil.  It will he a -rhiil ilav lur ihe province  when this ,pir't uf Ycu-l-felh v.-hip lie-  i.-nme.s more universal; ami lit ine tell  ynu it i* tlie duty ni.it only uf cinplovers  but of every ��oucl ni-irin iIi.mi te i'o ail in  their power tn iillnv i,i-u-i:-t im-1 mis-  picion, which all toil oiien.n-.- i-.u-kei.  by no strou;,. r ..ict.-. thai' tliu-.- .-.implied  by nil nver-Y. rnujjht imu-iinuiiMi.  Lately I niiserveil to �� lein-rter that  the uietlioil- uf H'ttlin-.' lahiir disputes  sui'iiiiiiiiiin in the United State- woulil  not smreeil in'CiiniKlu. [ \, Mi to give  special emphasis to that, 'li.e petty  system ot* nx-rci���, e^uiuiiiiee ami tlie  like indulged in bv both i-i'le^ iifthiit  country anil which often lead to appalling conclusion.-.'are not guarantees of  success'to either employers or their men  in Ciiniuiiu They must, work in concord  anil the side that promotes a quarrel  iloe.s not place themselves in an enviable position."*;. ,.; " S.*t~���",  VrCTORIAIBA'KEas ORGANIZE. '  ���A branch .of the Bakers', and Confectioners', International Union, .whose  headquarters are at 'Cleveland, Ohio,  has been formed, in Victoria. On Saturday evening the bread, makers in-that  city met In the 'Socialist hall. 2S Broad!  street, and decided upon organization.  J. C. Salter and A. Coombs of the Vancouver -Baker's 'Union, assisted by J.  D. WcN'iven, secretary of the .Trades  and Labor Council, and T. H. Twlgg,  organizer sf the American Federation  ..ofjLa-bbr at t,h��_!capital elty.i.had.char^o  of the organization; Tihe local ���branch  of the union electedfWliIlam-Earle.'sr.,  president;..and Alex. CampbellY��ecre-  tary. The charter .has been left open  until next: .Saturday, when . anotheti  meeting?will be held and a complete  staff of officers elected.? .  The"Colonist says.: The bakers of the  city .have organized a branch of the  Bakers' and Confectioners' ilnterna-  tional Union. IA11-legitimate efforts to  advance'the inetrests ofthe individual  worker by combination meets with the  hearty approval of the Colonist. It is  l-eld' that local bakers in the pursuit .  of their calling have .heretofore been.'  required to work very long hours.  Mr.'���Coombs,, nvho arrived 'back -with  Mr.  Salter on  Sunday's boat,  informs '.".  us that the union-has come to stav, and  that rhe future for the Baker's union, !  both at Victoria and here, is promis-"  time In. binding up the wounds and. car- _       ^._     trig for these victims.of social cruelty. I has been transformed into''the~?actory  Ii  romainB for the stale And  nation | invention has filled the land with ma-  ...   Already  we'have international labor unions and  the Sugar Trust embraces the  islands  of th-e sea.   The result Is tha: .factories  can glut the market and run only par;  of the time.   The-production of each  man   who   works   is   multiplied   many  I times by  the machine    he    operates.  Fewer  'hands   are   required.   Bniploy-  ! men: becomes unsteady.   A man stands  outside the door to take the place of  the man  who quits.   The laborer  becomes a part of the machine he runs.  The division of labor makes .his  work  more  and   more   mechanical  and   Irksome.   He becomes a  part of ;ho tun. I  chlne.ry, a mere "ceig on  the  wheel." I  Ha goes by a. number, like convicts in  a chain gang; his time Is kept Tjy an  automatic'clock; lie becomes a part of  llie system, a sort of human thong to  bind machinery together, a mere automaton.   Intensifying    all   -.hose  conditions. Is to be noted the- sordid display  of  wealth.   All  the Jlnery of machine  production.  (LIES ���EXPOaBD  behind plate glass windows, in sharp  contrast with Ihe poverty of the poor.  The laboring man comes and looks. He-  fancies his children In such beautiful  costumes; he pictures his home adorned witih Bucfh comfoj-ts; and then he  wanders down' through the crowded  streets, cliimbs the rickety stairs, and  enters a tenement garret, or some hovel,  misnamed a., "home,   forYwhich  he  UNrOI-T BAKBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  A. "McCwtoheon, barber shop, Pender  street.  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Canible street.  Harvie & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  atreet.    "  Boulder Barber Shop, Cordova end  Carrall streets.  The Wnittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,  street. '   ���UhI6n=Barber^Shop, Carrall street.  Carrall  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  ist.  A Good lecture.  A good attendance greeted Row K.'IT.  II. liolniiiii, of Stuart, Iowa, Thnr.-ilay  night, in Union hall. His lecture on  What tlie Laboring "Man Wants was :i  thoroughly practical one, ami -uti-died  all present, even our socialist frieiid.s  Iiml no kick coming. President Joseph  Uixiiii of the Trades nml Labor Council  oiTiipii'il the i-liair. A full report will  appear in next week'.-1 issue.  At the regular meeting of Ihe Victoria  Triples ami Labor 'Council mi Weiliien-  ilny night thu following ollieer.- ��ere  elected : A. .S. Kmery, provident;  Mortimer, vice-president; .1. I).  Niven, ciirreHpiuuling wcretnry  ten1, recording .-.ei-retary; Le  treasurer; S. Ci-liV  Two new unions were  the nionth.  A. J.  .*-[������-  '. Milh-  i-evi Long,  sergeaiit-at-arins.  organized during  ���*��!'  A branch "of the "Fishermen's Union  is   been   organized   at   Kburne.   Th_*  (Continucd on Pnge Three.)  Im.--. iiccn   orgiiuized  at   tiburne.   The  ehiirter has been sent  for, which will  be furnished by the 'Dominion Trades  ami Labor Congress.   Mr.  has  been  ...      .   --..  W  chosen   president,  Willsem  vice-president, ami A  secretary  Landers  -Mr. E.  Kolosoff  It  Vm-te to adVerttoe in  The inSS-  pendent  ��� -k,        .    ; THE INDEPENDENT.  ���gATWBaiThtt^^ossMtrARS ��, mt  THE INDEPENDENT.  GEO. HARTLEY  Editor  HAKRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   W-EEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST  OF  ORGANISED LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINrnNG COM.  PANY.  IAT   312   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  AJJVANCE.  A week, 5 cenU; month, 10 cents; threo  months, 35 cents; six months, 00 cents;  ono year, $1.25.  ENDORSED BY TIIE TRA'DBS AND  I_A'UOU COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTS?  SATURDAY.. JANUARY 19, 1901.  SCHOOL BOOKS AT COST.  At tin. rcci'iit niiinicipiil I'li'dion very  little was inonliiiiicil iiliout, cliwipi-r  school books. Tin- only caniliilate fur  school trusici-we-lii-aril from at ull mi  t!iisi|iicstion was Mr.-.Jost'pli II. Watson, wlio e-xiiressciriiinise-lf stnniftly us  beini; iu favor of free- scluml bunks, if  not iilljjetliur free, ut, least " at tin- cost  of production." TiiivilxnKi'BXiiHXT :i|i-  . proves of tlicsc iilmis, lint niulerj the  prevailing system it is lianllu feasible  to.change llie present state nf affairs.  The publishers, wlio are lui-aleil in llie  east, are given a chisel monopoly of  school bonks by tlie Govern iiient at  Victoria, ami the result is that parents  and giiiirdiiuis have to pay about two  price.'* fur them. Tlie publishers arc  vastly enriched by tlie privilege, perhaps with tlie iiiKlerstaiuliiig that a  substantial riuilrilmtuin will be. forth,  comiiii! at election lime to help swell  llie raiiipiiij-'ii funds. As very few  Government transactions in this or any  other country go iininilkcil for party  purposes, it would appear very strange  indeed were tlie scluml book publishers,  wlio have grown wealthy by tlie school  book tax upon tlm earnings of the poor,  who tiiul it iilmost impossible to make  both eiiils meet, to pass free wilh their  booty intact. Tlie only way to secure  school books at cost is for tlie Government to print them at the bureau at  Victoria, and not allow the school bonk  trust of the i>u��t to peddle its poor  prints he-re. We say poor prints advisedly, because, for instance, llie geography used in the public schools here  so fii'r as British Cniiniibiii ;is enn-  ccrnt'ilis absolutely useless. Tlie stuff  it contains about this province is 111 tn  12 years behind tbe times. Tn supply  the whole province with free sclinnl  books would co��t the Government, we  are infnriueil, between f-0.000 and  $00,000 annually. If Hie provincial  revenue will not. admit of free schnnl  books on the start, then the Government should do the next best, thing and  let the people have them at cost price.  A great many American cities huve already begun to issue their bonks  through a i.rii)iiiiissioner. Will nitr new  school board move in the matter and  condemn the system nf permitting two  prices to lie charged for school books.  Tlie Trades and Labor Council, we are-  pleased to learn, are moving in the  matter.  TOILERS, ORGANIZE 1  To those outside the pale of labor organizations a word of advice and warning nuiy be opportune at this present  juncture. Nriti-iiiiinnists in ntir midst  must realize the wind results] nf organization mining their fellows. I'resident  Gompers says that tlie great crying need  of the working classes to-duy is organization. Workingiiicn are being educated up to this fact very rapidly, and  are taking more kindly to the prinei-  =pleroHritdc-iinHmisiii=tliun=cver-= before  in the history of the movement. "Toilers, organize!" should be the motto', of  every wage-earner, wlio should endeavor to persuade his neighbor tn join the  union nf li is craft and advance its interests. If this were the object, of every  trade unionist it would not. be lung before we would have a better 'world���n  bettor mankind. Waiting for something to turn up will not''accomplish  this desired end. Now is llie lime for  tho workers of liritish Coliiniliin lii  rally around the standard of llie unions,  and organize ns thoroughly, eoniplelely  nnd, compactly, us possible. ICvery  working mini should hear in mind the  minis of Longfellow:  In the \K.rld'H hrniiil field ol Imttlc;  In the bivouac of life  He not like iliiiiib, driven cattlel  Iio A hero in the strife 1       .  Organized labor if wielding an inlluence upon every public question never  before attained. Tin- world's tliinken-  are beginning to appreciate tin- fact that  the demands of the workingiiicn meiiii  more than appears on this surface. They  see that the demand for' work is not  alone one for the preservation of life in  the individual,' but is a " human, innate  right;" that the movement to reduce  the hours of labor is not sought to shirk  the duty to toil, but the humane means  by which tlie iinenuiloyi-d may find the  road to employment; and that the millions of hours of increased leisure to the  over-tasked workers signify millions of  golden opportunities for lightening the  burdens of the masses, to make the  homes mure cheerful, Ibe hearts of the  people lighter, their hopes and aspirations nobler and broader.  lABOR IMONS.  Labor unions are the rellectinns of an  organized and crystuli/.ed fnrui of the  best .thought, iictivily.and hopes of the  wage workers. They represent the aggregate expression of labor witli the existing ecniiomie,' social and political  misrule. Tlie tnide unions are exactly  wliaUthe wuge-workers are, and can be  made exactly what tiiey may please tn  make thein. Active or sluggish, keen  nr dull, narrow or broad-guaged, just as  the members are intellectual or otherwise! Hut, represent as they may,  either of these alternatives, the labor  union is the best form of organization  for the workers to protect their interests  as well us to work out their salvation  from nil wrong.  ALDUS'lIRA ORPHANAGE INVESTIGATION.  The enquiry made on Thursday into  several charges against, the management  of the Alexandra Orphanage for neglecting and starving children, from an  nitside.r's point of view looked like a  farce. The delegation of the Trades and  Labor. Council, consisting of "Messrs.  Geo. White, 'John Lilley and Frank J.  Hussell, were not given a hearing, because it was considered by Chairman  Urown and Aid. Grunt that outsiders  had no rigid to intefere in the, board's  business. We do not know whether any  startling revelations were in store, but  we contend that even if it reyuired a  month to sift the evidence it should all  have been gone into���both outside and  inside. Why should the board be  afraid of outside evidence? Health Of-  licer Miirrion stated Unit, the appearance  of the children of the hospital at vaccination was better than those outside  coming under iiis notice. This is not a  fair statement, because the children  who go for free vaccination are those  nf pnor people, who as a rule are not  properly fed and clothed. Tlie chairman in response to a question stated  that the Sugar Kefinery donated a barrel of sugar and also one of treacle every  year, and that often a new one arrived  before the old one was empty, leaving  tlie impression that tbe 44 children elid  not use quite a barrel of sugar in it year.  This is ridiculous.- There are three  nurses and one matron to look ufte-r the  little ones. Then bow is it possible for  them to receive proper treatment?  These may appear trivial points to some  people, but nevertheless they are important. The board's conlidence in  Miss l'enhule may be all right, but the  public is not satisfied with the way the  board acted in this alleged investigation.  Tlie street railway niotornien and conductors are wearing happy smiles these  duvs since the snow has disappeared.   o  ii  A union man is not acting square with  his fellow unionists if lie does not demand tlie label on nil goods where it is  possible to get, it.  Tlie following little token of appreciation lias been posted iu the car barn of  the Street Railway company. The men  are pleased lo lliink their extra efforts  are recognized:  To tlie employees of the Jlritisli Columbia I-ilci'trii. Railway Company���  On behalf of,the company I wish to  (hank the employees for their zeal and  energy and their conscientiousness and  hard work during tlie severe strain of  the past two weeks. "_ _:  (Sgd.) J.   IjIIXTZKX.  Vancouver, Jan. 12, 11)01.**  There is probably nn body in this city  tlint works more untiringly and uiisel-  llslilyMliiiirtlie���Tradesaiid-IjiiborCoiiii^  cil, yet. there is none towards which less  appreciation is shown. Kven the unions,  whose delegates cntnpnsc the body, are  in ninny instances ungrateful. They appoint men to represent them who never  attend, thus throwing all the work on  those who believe in fulfilling the duties  of tlie oflice to which" they have been  elci-teil. Unions should see that, their  delegates attend or else get rid of them.  II is witli sincere pleasure we note the  appointment of Chris, l-oley to the,vacancy on llie Chinese Commission. 1'nini  what we know of the man and from assurances from men wlio know him intimately we arc satisfied he will jealously  guard the best interests of the working-  men of liritish Columbia... The original  appointment, of Ralph Smith gave great  satisfaction uud his successor is none tlie  less satisfactory. The Commission, we  understand, will soon commence its  work and it now behooves the working-  men of this province to get down to  work. ICvery man or woman who has  resided here any length of time knows  (lie baneful effect, of this yellow horde  upon the white workers. Each one  can furnish corroborative evidence on  this jKiint and it is a sacred duty that  they should do so. When tho Commission has finished its labors let it be  seen beyond n doubt that the Chinese  and Japanese are a curse to this country. Let the commission have your  evidence.  Now that trade in the job printing  business is somewhat dull, it would lie  an opportune time to inaugurate' thu  eight-hour day. And when business  picks up again the estimating on work  will not cause u hardship.  Tin- moil successful business menus  we know tliein in the west are generally  those possessing over-aluindiinco of  "gull,';, little reliiiement, and in many  ways unscrupulous. These traits are  called "business-astuteness." I-Mucal-  ei! and sensative people us a rule will  not stoop to questionable tactics to attain their ends, and thus are put down  as failures.  -You ean.hardly peruse the daily dispatches these, days unless you read  where some college professor or clergyman has been given his "walking ticket" i'nr attempting to expound questions of'political economy. It would be  a good 'deal better for our boasted twentieth century civilization if they were  rather dismissed for not doing so. Kv-  ery pedagogue should be given to understand that, his investigations of social questions will not deprive him of  his daily bread, no matter how truthful they may be, and also that his salary will''not be decreased, simply because he may step on the corns of tlie  wealthy by discovering the true situation of affairs regarding the imperfections of our present, social system.  THE WIDE WORLD.  Interesting Paragraphs Clipped  from  Our Exchanges.  A special question by Tim Healy during tlie special session of the British  parliament set the house in a roar.  When Mr. ToweU William announced  that 182,400 horses and mules hud been  landed iu South Africa during the campaign, Tim arose and asked how many  asses had been sent by the government.  The question has remained unanswered.  THE BOILER MAKERS  Elect Officers for the Ensuing Term���Eloquent  Speeches Made.  The Uoiler Makers' and Tron Ship  Builders' union met on Friday, January  11, when tlie election of oilieers for the  ensuing twelve months took place. Following is the result:  I'resiilent���Jos. White.  Vice-President���Jus. Mitchell.  Secretary-Treasurer���J. 11. Watson.  Inspector���-lions Jess.  Trustees���W. ltussell and A. Russell.  lli-legates to the Trades and Labor  Council���J. II. Watson and Jos. White.  A vote of thanks was tendered the retiring oilieers, who spoke of the pleasure  it was to them to serve as officers of the  union, as the members of the local union  were tho most pleasant boely of men lo  work with that they had known. Xo  discord or ill-feeling had crept into their  midst during the past year, but all were  imbued with tlie true spirit of trades  unionism, which was to stand true to  one another as trades unionists of whatever branch of industry they may belong and to our fellowmen generally. If  every member nf a union did this how  different a tale the world would tell today. They hoped this state of brotherly love and friendship would long continue among them.  Tlie secretary, J. II. Watson, thanked  them for their continued confidence in  him as their secretary and treasurer.  Some people had said because he was  not working at the trade just now, he  should not belong to the union or the  Trades Council. All he could say was  he had always tried to do his duty und  what was more to do it fearlessly. He  was glad to know they were satisfied  and as long as they were it did not matter a rap to him what outsiders might  say. He would try and serve them as  faithful iu tlie future as in the past, ami  if at any time you think you have had  enough of me you have only to say so  and I shall know what to do. He was glad  to know the Boilermakers union is making such rapid strides numerically and  financially and hoped everyone would  work hard so that the Boiler Makers'  union would stand high among the  unions of the city. He again thanked  ilj(^.nieml^mJor^iiMr__i.iiiuiv   acts  of  kindness.  ELECTED OFFICERS.  The Street Railway Men's Union Hold  Ifaeir Annual Madias-  Tlie Street Railway Men's union held  its annual 'meeting for tlie election of  oilieers in the Sutherland hall at II  o'clock on the evening of January l-',  witli Unlit, Brunt, president, in the  cliuir. After rouline business the meeting adjourned for refreshments. This  over, Ihe president culled tlmmccling lo  order again lo elect, oillcers for tlie ensuing term.   The result was as follows;   ,  President���G. Dickie.  Vice-l'n'sideiil���C. Bennett.  Seerelury���A, G.l'erry.  Treasurer���II. Vimderwalker.  Conductor���G. Lenfesty.  Warden���J. Marshall.  Sentinel���I-'. 0. O'Brien.  Delegates to Trades and Labor Council���John IVarey, J. Barton, G. Dickie,  J. Howes and (I. Lenfesty.  Both the retiring president and president-elect addressed the. meeting in able  speeches nnd the memlierH of the union'  went home satisfied that they had made  a wise selection of oilieers.  The Chronicle of .^lokune is authority  for llu- statement that "Jim" Hill ofthe  Great Northern railway has given orders  that all Japanese employed on his railway must Jso ns rapidly as white men  can be got to take their places. Tlie  Japanese are employed, so it is said,  through a contracting linn of Japanese  at Seattle, at a rate of one dollar a day,  the linn paying the men ninety cents on  tlie dollar. The firm also supplies the  Japanese laborers with all their food  supplies, which the railway carries free.  The Japanese have worked their way to  St. Paul, where a gang were put at. work  cleaning up Mr. Hill's private Car. They  made a mess of it, putting ice in the  stove instead of in tlie water tanks. This  displeased Mr. Hill, and the "order for  tlie "Japs to go" was  the consequence.  In twenty years Japan has increased  lier capital in factories sixty-live times,  says an exchange. She is now an exporting nation. .In ten years from now  China, forced to open her country to  foreign capitalists, will follow the example of the Japanese und will be an  exporting nation, and her teeming millions of cheap labor, will drive every  other nation into the corner, and will  force the labor of all other nations down  to the level of their own wretched working classes. In that, day the American  and European working people will get  the benefits they deserve for helping the  piratical capitalist wrest the country  from tlie control of the native people, by  being forced to work on the level with  the coolie. The industrial world has  made, the mistake of its existence by  arousing the labor force of the 400,000,-  000 Chinese to the powers of mechanical  production. Kven the American capital  being planted in the Philippines will  have a tremendous effect on the labor of  that country.in the next few years. The  Orient, instead of being a market for  American und European goods, will be  an exporter of gigantic proportions.  And the earth will be starved because of  that "over-production." And the workers, who have all-power, remain as  stupid to owning the hind and machinery  and shortening the hours of labor, and  ought, to starve as being until for association.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  ltKI'OSKl)   CONKIDKNCi:.  When a woman admits to another woman that she occasionally finds a bedbug in her house it indicates that she  reposes the greatest confidence iu her.���  Sedro-Woolley Times.  A Sl'KCTACU:.  .��� Two Liberal organs engaged in a quarrel is a spectacle sufficiently unique to  engage public, interest. The Vancouver  Province is calling the Toronto Globe  bad mimes, alleging that the latter,  which is vigorously attacking the C. P.  R., i.s inspired by a desire to advance  the personal interests of those who control and direct, its policy. The Globe is  yet. to be heard from.���Tlie Colonist.  AIIOI.ISII CIIKAl' i.'aiioii.  "Canada wants her young men," is  just now the song of thu editors of our  daily press. "Whnt has Canada to offer  us?" said one of the returned South  African soldiers to me the other day.  "Twenty-five dollars a month, and pay  my own expenses, is tlie best I've been  offered in Toronto. Rats!" And an expression of disgust, and January dust  filled his line feature's. ��� Citizen and  Country.  WOULD TIIKV.  ���With capitalists in-control-of-tlie statc-  iinil national governments would the  working class he benefitted by compulsory arbitration���Tlie People.  FOOIl   Foil   TIIOUOllT.  The standing army increases in proportion as the army of unemployed increases. There is food for thought in  this for the workingman.���Tlie  People.  State, or public, ownership of franchises and ullililies was looked upon u  few years since as an invention ofthe  evil one and a doctrine that smacked of  revolution and tlie bloody flag says the  Siocan Prill. Kdiication bus gradually  disabused tlie minds of the alarmists,  until to-dny public ownership is recognized us the cardinal principle of national life and existence, harmless, though  socialistic, and withal fraught with blessing to the people. A striking examplu  of tlie growth in this feeling is the ardent,  advocacy by Sanford Fleming of the  nationalization of tlie telegraphs of the  entire Britisli empire. Helms urged the  Dominion government to adopt tlie idea  and few there ure who are found to condemn. The nationalization of the railways will, in time, become an accomplished fact, just as>much so us is our  waterways.  The  Opportunity  to make a profitable investment is'here for you to  grasp during our: 20-day  all over the house Salo.  Are you going to let it go  by. Not if you're wise.  You're not, for we make it  pay you to come here.  Remember, every piece of  goods'and every article except Butterick Patterns,  reduced.  '.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. ML TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND KETAIL DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  ' vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  &  Skilled Labor  To Dispense  ...PRESCftlPnoSS...  Everything sold ��t roasonablo  prices uud guaranteed.  Tho Up-to-dato Drugtfrt,  Cornor Seymour and llMtlngi  streets, Vancouver.  A* M. BEATTIE,  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Office' nnd 8nli<�� Room. K7 Cordova  blreot, Vancouver, U. c.   '1'hono 864.  _B__T- Knrm Stock and Land a specialty  NOTICK.  We are asaln o��orinr a Scholu-attp  free for tuition' and books to the student  of PubMo Schools of Vancouver paaalam  Into the Hlsrh School nt the comin-r examination ,with the highest marks In ItesaB-  ine, 'WrKinir, Spelling, Grammar, exposition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Frlndpala  of tho Schools or tbe undorelgmd.  Tlio H.B.A. Vogcl Commercial College  P. O.  Box M7. Vancouver, B. Cf.  A recent cough or cold that " BKf  4 COUGH CURE" wHI not cure is not  worth curing.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET*  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.   ���  Amusements.  $AVOY  THEATRE  Saii Nxsditt Manager.  Week Commencing Jan. 21st  -    -   GREAT BILL   -    -  I1ETTER THAN' EVER WITH A HOST  .   OF NOVULTV ACTS.  Klelly and PorreHt  Stnnley miic! Woodw'ird  ECvenn   unci   DeveeH,  AfcneH   Kreccl,  Rfintl nnd Byron  Joe Cramer  Stanley   and  Sctinlon  Hillyer mid Stanley  18���BIG SPECIALTIES���18  TOGETHER WITH A GREAT FARCE  '  COMEDY BY  A.. W. STANtKY  _V Great Coming Atlriictions in  lta|ild  SuccukkIou.  Admlsflion 1W cents.  THEATRE ROYAL  (LATE  AUIAHRRA.)  W. II. LtCAS, Thos. SnAW.... Managers  Next Attraction  will be  Announced  Here  Shortly.  THEREIS"  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Hotels.  Hartng tho Only Un-to-Date Grill Room  in B.C. which in haelf i�� a guarantee  of aPirut-Claiw Hotel and ReMaurant.  Seymour Streeet,  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for tho engineering trade  in Vancouver,  CHOICEST^���=S>  Liquors and Cigars  Fint-claim roomi lrom SO centa np.  ROBT. HIMLY,   -   -   PROPJ  Tbe Balmoral  . . HAKXS A irRCIALTY OF . .   ^_ Dewar:s_SDecioi_ Liqueur, _oisb_^_-_  o    usner's biock Lanei Liqueur Wfiisiar  -LAItaE STOCK OF-  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  ��� Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  COttNXR.COHDOVA AKB CARIIALL.  WE CARRY^  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battgor ��fe  Co., London, and Stewart A Young, Glasgow,  Christmas Specialties  yy in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  'XMAS CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  montrealTbakery  KM Wntminnter Arenue.  Why do you csogh when "H6 4  COUCH CUBE " wai core yon. _?ffi��___��__5___S_E_____3Z��_aK  ^HSicScSKSfgSS  '���' *_H  ' ��� PI  ���=381  ���tm  BATURDAT..,  .3/A3>SJJA.'RY:19, 1901.  THE INDEPENDENT.  i-'.-B  Tbe rate far classified aOrertieetneots Is  mm cent a, word, bat no ad. will be Inserted for lees Vboia S cents.  Union Directory.  : VANCOUVER TRADES AND L-ABOR  ' Council.' President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Craw: secretary, 3. t..  Marshall, P. 0. Box 150; HnancU.liecrc-  tan- W. J. Beer: treasurer, J. Fearo>,  Btiuisllclan, 0. Wnlte; BC-rgeai-t-.-it-arms,  C J Suiter. Parliamentary commlttec-  ���Chulrmun. John Pearey; ***',;���,a���I.lJ.:  Morton. Meotlnu-Klr-it and third Frfd '  Jb each month, at 7.M t>. m.. In Uilon  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  VANCOU'l* TYHJOBAPHICAIj UNION,  KoSinecl li�� last Sunday in each  Anl Union hall. Vresldcnt. C. h.  Cnmvb-U ; vice-president, U. biiok u.  aecrulary 8. J. Gothard, P. O. box Im;  '���' trSrlr.'ii -V. &i,.sorgeant-a -arms,  jfndfew Stuart; cxecut vo committoo, K  ?^bor ciuS. J ^Marshall, Robt. Todd,  XV. B. Huirhen,    BTrtBBT   RAILWAY MEN'S   UNION-  YMects second  and  fourth  Saturday of  each month, in Sutherland  Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and HasUncs street  ..at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vlco-_ire-  sldont, C. Bennett; secretary, A; "���  Perrj",-'treasurer,'-H. Vanderwalkcr; con-  ��� tluctor, G. Lienfusty; warden, J. Marsliau,  sentinel,   F.   C.   O'Brien;   delegates  _ to  ��� Trades and Iiilbor Council: John Pearcj,  .:jas. Barton, Uc-o. ��� I_enfesty. G. Dickie und  ���J.  Howes. '*-  -INTERNATIONAL, . BBICKLA\BRS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, ot B. C.-Pre.  sldent,; John Scott; vice-president, !��� rank  ..Black; corresponding secretary, Robert  '���Trotter;'-financial''secretary, Jas. Jef-  Iry. Meets every Monday evening in Union  hall. :���"���.-          '���' '.  .UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday in Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F.McKcnzic,  ���487 Ninth avenue; vice-president, Hugh  Wilson; secretary, A. E. CoMln, i30 Nel-  ���on Street; financial secretary, "w. rial'  ccner; treasurer, Geo. Walker; conductor,  BenJ. Canrol; warden, Jos Dixon; dele;  ��ates to T. and I., council. Jos. Dixon,  Robt. Macpherson, H. Wilson.  CHRIST ANMflE  LIBOR PROBLEM  (Continued from'Pago One.)  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGIvE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  ���Sunday-in each month at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  street. Robt. Barclay,���president; R. B.  (Howe, secretary; box 737, New Westminster. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  INTERNATIONAL.- ASSOCIATION OF  MACHINISTS-Beaver Lodge, No. 183���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday ln  ��-adh month In Union Hall. Vlce-prcsi-  flent, Thos. Littler; corresponding secretary, Wm. Beors, C23 Richards Street;  financial secretary, H. McVcty, 1211 Seymour street.   JOURNEYMEN TAILORS' UNION OF  ' AMERICA, No. 178���Meets alternate,  Mondays ln room 1, Union Hall. Prcsi-  ���dtnt, F. Williams; vice-president, Mios  Barker; recording secretary, H. Burrltt;  financial secretary, Miss McLennan; treasurer, E. Ncllson; sergeant-at-axms, J.  "'Daoust.  VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR  Council meets every alternate Wednesday at 8 p. in. ln Sir William Wallace  hall. President, W. M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Tags; corresponding secretary,  ~3. D. McNiven, P. O. 'box 301, Victoria;  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; 'sergeant-  ���at-arroe, T. Masters.  THE VANCOUVER LABQR PARTY  meets every s.cond and fourth Wednes-  Uay in each month in Union Hall. President, Geo. Wilby; first vice-president;  .George Bartley; second vice-presided, P.  Atkinson; recording secretary, John Morton; financial secretary, John Pearoy;  treasurer, J. A. .Dibden; statistician, Geo.  Htiht.  -CIGARMAKERS' UNION, NO 367.-  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union hall. President, P. R. Revero;  ���vice-president, P. Waxstock; secretary,  "G. Thomas, jr., 148-Cordova street -west;  "treasurer, S. W. Johnson;     sergcant-at-  arms, C. Parsons; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, J. Crow, C. C. Oopeland,  D. Morrlssy.  'VANCOUVER   FISHEJFUMEN'S  UNION,  No.   2.   M"oe:s   in iLallior   Hall,   Homer  ' street, every first and thlri Saturday in  -each month at 8 p, m. Alox. Bruce, president; Mr. Cadey, secretary.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 13S.���  Meetings firs and third Tuesdays ln Lab-  ���or Hall. Perceptor, H. Judson; president,  "W. Davis; vice-president, E. Tipper; recording secretary, E. Tomklns, 626 Pender  street; tlnanclal secretary, B. Cross, 3002  -Quebec street; conductor, A. J. Sloan;  ���warden, C. H. Pinder; trustees, C. Sor-  dlt, XV. Stoney, XV. Baker.   .JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' INTERNATIONAL union of Vancouver, meets first  and third Saturdays of the month in Un-  ilon hall, Homer street.* President, W.  Webster; vice-president, H. Hollands; fin.  sec, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell street; cor.  -���sec, A. Coombs, Address sec.. F. Barnes.  Delegates to the Trades and Labor council, C. J. Salter and H. Wnlk^r.  ���.SHIPCARPRNTBRS Y AND CALKE'RS  ���Association meets the first nnd third  Thursday in each month Iii*Union'hall.  Clifford Angus, president; George Smith,  vice-president; Wm. McCormack, vice-  president; J. G. Cinrvln, secretary; Fred.  UcAIplne, treasurer; Levi Wheaten, ser-   geaiu-nt-nrms.--.    ,._ .^^^..:^.^..i-^:^__.Y.  Meetings.  P. O. E.-VANOOUV2JR AERIE NO. 6,  F. O. E., meets every Wednesday night,  ��� and second Wednesday only of the months  of July, August and September. Visiting  members welcome. H. W. Findloy, XV. P.,  Province office; 6. R. Robb, W. S.,  World oflice.  ���    ������:       .  I. O. O. F., M. U.-LOYAL THINE FOR  EVER lodge, No. 7392, meets ovory second nnd fourth Tuesday In the month In  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings gtreet and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. O.; R. W.  PartitdKe. seoretuy.  UNION BAKERS.  iW. D. Mnlr, Mount Pleasant.  DocHtert & Tletzc, Mount Pleasant.  Montreal  Bnkcry, Wostmlnater avc.  John Wilkinson, Hn��tln��s street E.  W. D., Kent, cor. Carrall and Hastings streets.  Royal Cafe, Cordova street.  J: Obcn; Hastings street W.  W. E. tMlnchln, Granville street.  T. Barnwell, GranvUte street.  L'argen & Tupper, Granville street.'  To-morrow (Sunday) IRev. E. it. Hi  Holman will preach morning and evening In 'bhe Y. M. C.'A. hall. iunder*tho  -auspices of  the People's * Independent  ��� CJiurch.    Survlees at 11 a. m. and 7.30'  >'m.*"- . ,.*-s."'*   ���.-*;' "v ".i   ,i.Jv  pays an cxhorbltant rent for badly ventilated, f-riualld quarters, and tinde "tiie  wife trying to look neat in a tattered  dress; Ms children are out of school  for lack ot dscent clothes; no books  adorn his unmule shelves; no pictures  nre upon the walls; ihe fuel Is always  about gone, and buying ln small quantities, he l�� constantly robbed^ through  cxee��i|ve charges; his girl's are forced  to mee: and uttoclute with the Questionable neighbors of the district; bath  rooms are unknown; ���olosets are foul  and dark; a single faucet supplies each  Moor with water; and under such brutish conditions he tries to live.' Do you  know what such poverty means? Jt  means hungry children and no bread;  It imeans coarse repulsive food; it  means the sweat shop and nights given  up to toll; it means broken-hearted  mothers because ba'bes die for lack of  care; it means fevered brows and no  ice; sickness and no physician; death  and the potters Held; It means boys  given up at lender years to run the  streets; lt means girls'tempted''to lives  of shame; It means all that Is hopeless,  and that Is embittering; alt that is-discouraging, air that 'benumbs hope and  parallzes ambition; in a word it means  the, downward course from' manhoods  high; Ideals, where "a little lower than  the angels," ohe communes . with''the  choice spirits'of'all'the ages���down to  the darkened existence, whire hu:, .  ���'ILIITDH BETTIEiR THAN THE  ,, BRUTES,  gallingi want makes man- a..c6_nmo-.  dlty, bought, and sold upon the,;, market, a mere wage earner, anxious most  of ail Tor the bare necessities if life.  When a man reaches this stage of extreme want, he often ceases to cherish  noble Ideals; the struggle for bread becomes so bluer that It crushes out all  charitable Impulses; his own hardships  shut his eyes to the sufferings of Ills  fellow men, nnd often he yield .o despair and loses himself in drink, or  drifts into the ranks ot ihe homeless  wanderers of the earth. .Doubly bitter  is It, for the toiler to sec- his own children suffer,, and then to behold the  vanities of wealth. Contrasted with  his own poverty, he sees costly.banquets, hospital? for dogs and eats, monkeys with a thousand suits of clothins;  private yachts; country homes, and  seaside cottages; monopoly lays its  hands on all his food, nnd doubles the  cost of ice, without which It Is Impossible to live in the congested districts  of the city; a new machine may throw  him ou: of work to-morrow; and 'in a  land where fir.e hogs are raised In  cleanly wi.rm and .iiiolesome homes,  the children of the poor are herded in  vile pens which reek with dirt and filth.  Together with this feeling of poverty  Is blended the consciousness ot his own  utter helplessness. The worst feature  of the concentration of wealth, Js not  the gathering together of the money  of the land; .It is the monopoly of the  power to control the avenues of industry. Himself a mere atom In the Industrial world, the toiler beholds such  powers vested in the hands of the  "captains'of industry" as the world has  never seen before. This In some of its  outworklngs is the labor problem to  which I call your attention to-day. We  are e:ich a part of this same social  ���tangle, and we cannot avoid the issue  wliic'ij has been forced upon us. There  is no use crying "Peace, peace," when  HH'BR'E IS NO "PEACE.  With all its Intensity this conflict Is  upon us and we must wrestle with lt.  It will not take long to show thai Jesus  is Interested in such a question. When  He walked the earth, He was always  n pnit of the laboring class. Strange it  Is-that this class of people, which suffer-mast from every Industrial change,  shoulil be so prolific of greatness. iRead  the history ot the past. 'Every age has  had its heroes; and every land Its leaders; but the laboring people have furnished the great majority of them all.  Moses was taken away from the enervating luxury of ipharoah's court, and  trained ln the wilderness to toll. David  learned to sing the sweet songs ot Israel on tlie quiet fields where lie watched his father's flocks. All the prophets  we're from the ranks of the tollers,  men inspired of God to call the wicked  ruleis and land monopolists of ancient  Israeli,l,o repentance.: iWihen,\ln'"i!__e  "fullness ot: time," God, sent His Son  Into the world, the angels of heaven  first sang .the ",Glad Tidings" to the  lowly shepherds, and the world's Saviour, walked among the same class of  men. .'whose homes (He shared,; whose  children He blessed; and whose lot He  entered-tO-t'he.unendlnir_Rlory_ of manly,  toll. To the care of this same class of  toilers. Clall'lean fishermen, 'Jesus entrusted the whole interests of the  Kingdom of God which he came to  found. It must needs follow then that  Jesus is 'personally and deeply interested in 'this class of men who to-day  man the machines, hold (he- throttles,  (111 the ranks of labor anil carry out  industrial  realm.  i!3elleyliigi that Jesus,, Is profoundly Interested Jn Jhls prob-  le'm, which affects Ihe earthly;-condi-.  tlon of men, a word rwnnlii.i to be spoken us to Ills, message. If 0 understand the meaning of tlw Gospel, It  means that?Jesus looks at <  UOyiBRYMAN ,AS A lUriOTHllSn.-  The harrow" "iclontlflc" discussion ��� of  the labor problem enn' never be Just  from the standpoint of the carpenter's  shop nt Nazareth; Jesus cannot view  man as an "economic unit,"-tout as a  man. He looks on the Individual, not  a.s a mere "wage earner," but nsthe  child of God, whose rightful ;place Is  at his Father's house. Jesus cannot  view man as a "stomach with appendages," but as a.soul with aspirations.  In his? Wrought^ unani. Is' not a ."thing"  to-be bought by tlie hour, nor a "commodity" governed by the "Iron law ot  wages;" but man Is a. llvln-soul, bound  to -fellow man by ties t1"--t cannot be  severed. In .the economy of His Kingdom, Jesua teaches that "no man Hveth  unto himself, an."do man dieth .unto  himself." We are j>art of a, common  brotherhood, and "God has made of one  blood all the nations of the earth,"  and bound us up together In a common  destiny. Therefore any solution of the  labor problem must be grounded in the  brotherhood of man, and any law of  life imust be founded upon Christ's law  of service, and any view of society,  must be from the <julet shades of the  Mount of Olives, rather than from the  souWess vaults of ihe money changers.  Garrison one day .took a slave who had  succeeded in escaping to the north, before nn audience of IBoston people.  Baring the negro's bieast anil back, he  showed  TITK RESULTS OF SLAVERY  In ugly snipes where fell the lash-, and  by this grewsome spectacle he stirred  their hearts to look n; slavery from  the vantage point of manhood, rather  than from the cruel view' point of commercialism. 1 wfc-ii some one could  bring before our people the true results  of modern wage nlavery, and .-���'how its  awful record in the ruined .lives of  those victims of society who have  struggled In vain against the tide. In  a condition of competition in society, in  which 97 per cent, of all the people die  poor, there Is certainly need for Christ's  peaceful message of love and kindness.  But will love work? 'Look Into the  home; does love rule there? And who  would be mad enough to banish love  from the home anl substitute unalloyed selfishness? -Indeed the deeper  study of nature Is declaring that "Nature Is red to tooth and clan," but  that, as Spencer said, "There Is no vice  in t'he nature of things." For every  savage bird and beast of prey, there  are a hundred which live upon the  peaceful footing of innate altruism.  The men we honor are the men who  forget the Jaw of business, and give  themselves to some unselfish cause.  The heroes of the past are those men  who -have been exiled and "persecuted for righteousness sake." No man  ever asks what Jesus was worth; or  what salary John the'Baptist got. The  test of immortality Is never a money  test; but the world Insists Ihat'its'heroes must at least approximate Christ's  law of service and live for some unselfish cause. Therefore, I suggest that  we look at this world problem from  the garden of iGethsemany or from the  sacred hill on which the Saviour died.-  To Him .we apepal to-day. 'Repeating  the cry voiced by iTolstoi,  let  us go  "BACK TO CHRIST.*"  From the serene sky of a'bsolute truth,  comes the voice, now as of old, "This  is My beloved Son, hear ye Him."  From all the an.orry -quarrels of the  schools; from alf the bitter contentions  of denominations; from all the partisan enactments of man made statutes;  from all the customs of semi-barhir-  cus civilisation; let us go back to Jesus  Himself. Gathering around His feet we  can all iflnd a place. In the benign  presence of this Divine Teacher, who  spake as man never spake, the fierce  rivalries of life lose their <power and  beside the blue Galilee, under the smiling _,ky, and "far from the madding  crowd." let us heed the words of Jesus,  "These things I command you that ye  love one another." "One is your master, and all- ye are brethren.'" "Whatsoever ye .would that men should do  unto you, do ye even so to them."  Mr. Holman resumed his seat amidst  applause.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  tta  Popularity of tbe Bible.  To the Editor of Tin I-NDEreNDENT:  Sir���Your item this week aa to the  waning popularity of tho Bible in thu  United States is rather Mirprising, in  view of tho fact tlint there lias Wi-u n  tremendous revival of Biblu study there  within recent yours, as riiown by the  number of Bible instituu-s founded for  that special work. However, I huve not  at hand any rm-nt .inures from that  ruimtry in this cunm-ctinii, hut am in-  rlineil to think Unit your information is  open to doubt. Thu state nf tliiiifjH you  iilk'l!u is certainly nut true of this iimii-  try. Yi-ur hi-fnru lust the British und  l'uruign Bihlu Sni-icly issued for lift- four  and a half millions of copii-s of thu Bible  ami this last yi-ur exceeded even that  tri'iiii-iKlous i.-Mic by 5(.8,H5tt copies. The  lotul issue by this sm-iuty for the ninety-  six years shire its foundation in 1804  amounts to lii."),057,185 copies eaeh year,  showing mi increase over its predecessor.  The moat popular books of our own time  only run u few months or years at most  and then become (lead stock on the  hands of booksellers. The Bible never  becomes a back number. In Uunadn  last year the Upper Cumula Bible Society in Toronto, according' to its report  jiibt to hand, sold 4,0i)3 more copies than  the year before. There never wits a  time when leaders of movements in thu  labor world or elsewhere made more definite appeals to the authority of Christ  in support of their views than now, 'and  even this increasing popularity of Christ  implies the continued supremacy ol* the  book which reveals Him and His teachings.  R. G. MacBeth.  Vancouver, Jan, 12, 1(101.  9*��t>���  -j  The Favorite Smoke J-���-^*  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Whv? Because it is Union Made.  A PROTEST IFIROM AT-UN.  '.Mr. Russell, the Atlin brewer, in an  Interview with -a Clhlcago paper, alleges  that the people of that district have  been unfairly treated by the coast  cities, and in support of this contention presents a largely signed petition  protesting against the unfair treatment  which has been accorded them by poor  transportation and freight carrying facilities to that section of the country.  The matter Is of sufficient local interest to warrant us In 'quoting .Mr. ��us-  se-H's .statement. He said: "You  people of Vancouver talk about wanting our trade. Then why do you not  do something to deserve it? XVe would  like to trade with Vancouver.' Of all  tho mlnlg camps in [British Columbia,  Atlln Is 'thevmos: essentially Canadian,  but we are forced to look to American  ���that Is United States���cities for fa-  voiw. The people of Victoria and Vancouver-put the closed door on us. That  Is. they were imainly instrumental In  having enacted the alien law. That  may have been a good, thing for somo  people, but. to 'borrow from Drummond  It was a bad thing for 'a lot peep more.'  You passed laws to exclude people and  money, and what have you done in  return? They blamed Hon. Joseph  Martin for some of the things that  were done, but the people of our country sent out a supporter for him. You  might In one sense look upon that as  a lesson from the North. To a certain  extent a council imakes a  own.     You  A Bumptious Official.  To tho Editor of Tnr. Independent:  Sir���Last Saturday afternoon an incident happened in the west end which,  for obvious reasons, has been kept out  of the daily press. I refer to a dirty attack on a Cliiniiniiin by a well known  and very little respected governuieut  otlicial. The official in question brutally  assaulted tho Chinaman with a shovel  with which he bad been clearing the  snow off the sidewalk in front of liis residence. The affiiir was witnessed by four  or five persons whose names it is unnecessary to mention at present. If  the case was brought up before me for  trial, if it were possible I would sentence  the official to a |:ood sound horsewhipping without the option of n fine. Such  brutality must be put a stop to in Vancouver, or else we bad better stop Nhout-  ing about "British fair play" and "British justice."  e<��~  Turner, Beeton ���� Co.  WtiolcHnle Aigentft  VANCOUVKR, VICTORIA, NELSON  P. 0. BOX 296.  'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & co.  Wholesale Grocers and Provision Merchants.  Royal Seal, Lord Nelson,  Enchantress Cigars.  Corner Alexander Street nnd Colunibla Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  waaamaaBBBSBBaiwamm  FOR THE ENSUING YEAR.  Vancouver, Jan. Ifi, 1901.  J. P.  people want to put In a" council that  ���will Slve the 'Noriih a 'little consideration. IB ut I ihave no'.hiiis to do wllh  your politics. I onlywish to voice to  you the feelings of the people up In our  district, and, to chow you that t nm  not alone, here Is a signed1 protest of  people who are actually Interested up  there." .  North Vancouver.  To the Editor of The Indei-endekt:  Sir���Though always within sight of  the people of Vancouver, it cannot be  said that very much is known by the  general public that a registered town-  site is in existem: there, but since the  nomination of the new municipal council, this fact is made prominent���that  there is within the municipality a town-  ite belonging to a company, and assuming the council is elected it should  bring this particular place and people  more into prominence. The whole  place wns struck severely during tlie  boom. (killing it practically), from  which it'hus not yet recovered, but the  grit and persevcrence shown by the  present inhabitants is the only element,  which has kept, the place nlive, for there  is (piite a bit of clearing and planting  done with comfortable homes erected,  which has done much to arrest the  down grade to which the place was obviously descending. The sanguine disposition of sonic of the property owners  during the boom did not a little to contribute to the present state ol" things,  but with a new council a dead stop will  have to be put to anything like a random policy being pursued, nnd for the  Brotherhood of Railway freight Handlers Elect  Oilieers.  Last Monday the United Brothers of  Railway Freight Handlers held their  regular meeting, with President Pnwll  in the chair. After sonic routine business the following oflicers were elected  for the ensuing term.  President���W. II. Knwell.  Vice-President���0. L. Taylor.  Recording Secretary���II. Glover.  Financial Secretary���.1. Lilley.  Trustees���J. Brenchley,  S. lllair  Fraser.  Belogiitcs to Trades and Lnbor Council���F. J. Kussell, ,T. Abranis, John  Lilley. The treasurer's report, shows  that the Union is in a healthy "condition.   Trade dull.  H.  I if Kit  Hunt & Poster, Hastings street.  ���A. Murray, "Weatmlneter avenue.  (Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova street.  , Cliibb & SWwart, Cordova street.  'XV.. Murphy, Cordtova etreet.  ftfcsR'ae & McDonald", Masting* street,  east.'  J. B. Sheering, Oamble street.  E. Farron, Hastings street.  'A, Clement, HasttagB street.  J. CarreMl, Cordova street.  Simon & Do., Cordova street.  When y-M wmst to hire a flrst-cUaa  hone and buffer, ro to tho Polaoo  tiret-y itcMw. Telephone IK.   ���  pfoseiTt_at, all events tlKTexpeiidituro  must be kept within the receipts and  the existing bonclsshoiild not be floated,  iiml all expenditure should come out of  the taxes. Then the prosperity' turning  point will be the sooner reached. The.  present council, it may hu'itsmiiuud, will  have to run its alloteil course, yet I  thoroughly believe that by a council  chosen solely from among the inhabitants would be an advantage nut more  to tlieiuselves limit 'to the monetary  advantage of nil outside .taxpayers,- in  fact to nil concerned, as economy would  be tlielr watchword, und they could best  .understand where improvement-!' could  be made with, advantage und would lie.  also a strong incentive to ninny others  to settle on the sunny side of the Inlet-  Tlie pust council with all their didleul.  ties were fully'iiwnre of the necessity for  quick transit across the Inlet, by the  action which they have taken in building a .steamboat of their own, with its  convenient appointments with even  accomodation for cattle und the low fare  charged has done much during the past  season to show up the pleasurable advantages to be had by living over there.  Piump Fewsteu.  Vancouver, January 15, 1901.  Death of Mr. George V. Atkinson.  Mr. T. A. Spinks, of the News-Advertiser, is in receipt of a letter from Mr.  IV. V. Bowron, of  Barkerville,-con_irm-  ing the news of the death of Mr. Geo.  V. Atkinson, son of tlie respected vice-  president ot the Vancouver Labor Party,  Mr. P. Atkinson. The cause of the  death of the late Mr. Atkinson was a  stroke of paralysis, which rendered him  so helpless that be was unable to make  known his condition to passers-by or in  any call for assistance, consequently his  feet, were badly frozen. He was last  seen, so fur as can be learned on Monday, December 31st, between 12 in. ami  2 p. in., about which time be must  have returned to bis cabin. Not. seeing  him around Mr. Ilowron and Mr. McCarthy went to his place, and not receiving any response to repeated knocks,  the door was broken in. At first. Mr.  Atkinson was conscious and said that  his feet were very cold, and shortly afterwards became delirious, lie was removed to the hospital and passed away  on the 2nd inst. The funeral was held  from the Church of England on the  following Friday, and was largely attended. Much sympathy is expressed  to the parents nf the late Mr. Atkinson,  who reside in this city, and. also to the  other members of the family, in tjieir  sad bereavement. Deceased was wideband favorably, known in this Province,  and was a brother-in-law to .Mr. Spinks.  ��u|)|)ly  From Tholr Nanalmo, SouthfleldanA  Protection Island Collieries,  Steam, Gas  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened _Luixipv  Run of the MlM,  Washed Nut and  Screenings  1   ' ������^ M\*  ���',lrr..'ii.  SAMUEL H. EOB1NS, Superintendent  "EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agenl*  Vancouver City, B.C. ���  CANADIAN  S*  and  A Union Hospital.  The Siocan City. Miner's Union finds if  necessary to establish a hospital at that  place, and are already in search ol" a  suitable physician. The institution, if  established, will be entirely in control  of the union, and will receive direct support from the miners. The camp has  very bright prospects before it. The  mines arc steadily improving.  Mr. Win. Bums, B. A., formerly inspector of schools in Kootenay, took  over the work of the normal school in  in (his city on Thursday, which was recently performed by David Wilson.  B. A. This appointment' is a popular  one, and the school is now in full work-  ing order.  PACifflC  BJNE  World's  Scenic  Rocife  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To nil points in Canada and the United State*.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TEAJW  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILING TOR JAPAN AND  CHINA.  Empress of India Decern tier 31m%  Empress ol Japan January 2819BS,  Empress of China February 29tl_,  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING roil HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Miowera January 11th, 1983;  AorauRi February 8th, MOIi  Warrimoo March 8tb  and every four wcokB thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rate! etc-,  apply to  JAMES SCLATKB..  Ticket Agent,  428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C  E. J. COYLE,  A.G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine anil General���������=,  Consulting Medianital Engineers  520 Cordova St. \V., Vanccuvkr, B. 0. Tki.. 76  Patentee? and designers of the Hardle-  .iibe I  , __      lift    .  -  - -       machinery in light tactions for minus.  Thompson water till  Kimed   revei-slnr  ~~  boiler, now high  engines, and special  Propellers Dksionkii.  Knginkh Indicated and  Adjusted.  Sole agcntu In B. C and N. W. Territories lo  the United Flexible Metallic Tublug Co., Ltd.  London, Eng.  ROOMS TO LET  with or without board.   Apply at' 573 Hornby street.  Mbs. D. Waits.  Black Lang-  shang Pullets  and Cockerels.  Stock took First Priie at 1000 Poultrj  Show at Vancouver.   Price |2 upward*.  >TSSffioSS_.n^   W. D. Jonhs  : SIGNS:  Of all   Kinds:   Bulletins,  Bill Boards,   Advertising.,  Our signs   are up-to-date  and attract attention.    .  IGN WORMS  314 Homer Street, Vancouver.        Tel. 803.  Thos. Shaw-, Manager. ���  WE 'A3*__3 SPECIAXJSTB.  I**!  Tbe best Cough Cure is -���Bt&4~  hav�� you tried it? ���**-������ -'���-<.' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATlrRDX'r..i..iU.lA.*NUART.19,:19M:.  DRIFTWOOD.  Thrill and run by Lue Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  iiditorisl room Wherever my rent is paid.  fPieces washed up by the tide, boomed, sawed,  split and piled for llie perusal and pastime of  jpAld-up subscribe���, also for thosu who hes,  Borrow and steal The Independent in order  that they may enjoy a little sunshine as they  journey through tins rale of tears.1  A woman who ha. nothing new to wear out  /will wear herself out worrying about il.  Married men mid arc lights should not lie  found out late al night.  A lady lolls us thatghald-houdcd men are  usually gooil-naluri-d.  When a woman past forly disappear* from  *lght (or a few weeks, I: Is a .-inn she is netting  ���ww'teeth.'  There is one time in every girl's life when  oho may ho called "beimtiful and accomplish-  a*|"���when she marries. ^  Hid you ever notice the soft, pleading roice  women use over Ibe telephone? And did von  ��ver compare It wilh the voice Ihey use around  Itmei  " Flee as n bird!" she sHiig to him,  More aptly than she knew;  .lust iheii he heard her father's voice  Out iii the hall.   He Hew.  When �� bridegroom finds all the clothes ho  , uwns in the world hung one over the other on  ��lio()k;behiiiil the pantry door, he realizes for  the first time tlml the honeymoon is over.  A woman's faith in her husband is built on a  solid rock if a visit from her mother for three  weeks fails to shake it. 0  " What Is the difference between a man who  bas intermittent rheumatism and one who is  well all the time, and lives at home with his  mother ? " " One is well a part of the lime,  ��nd lias rheumatism others, aud tho other is  well all the time and lias a room nt ills molh-  ���ert."  . ���   '  A man who kills himself for the .��afco of  woman, or the woman who kills herself for  UK! sake of a man, is a fool, and cither are better out of the world than iu it.  About now is the time to reproduce a little  weree we wrote for tills column some time ago.  Jlor our prediction has been proved to the ut-.  ' AOOSt. . ,-,  He blistered his hands this summer  Weeding flower-hods with the hoe.  He'll do the same thing this winter,  yiat roof���brand new shovel���snow.  "Whoever runs this paper," remarked   the  ���walrus, who had picke'd up an old copy of the  *' Diurnal," dropped by a party in search of the  North Pole, " is a lobster."  '���'���What's the matter?" asked his mate.  "Why,   he says, .under  no   circumstances  should you go into the water after a meal."  " Where are we to get It, then V "  ' When we were ten years old wc used to think  while gazing in the window of a confectioner's,  ihow much wc would like lo work in such a  place.; Now we arc allllcled with a similar  fcclliig while gazing,in the window of a bank.  A Hilly Thing To Do.  A maiden sat by the sad sea wave  ���Twas a silly thing to do  And she thought as she sat, of her soldier brave,  Of the medals he'd win and the lives he'd save,  ���Twas a silly thing to do.  The soldier waited for duty's call,  'Twas a silly thing to do; a -  ��And he thought as he _at,"'of his lore so small;  Of her sweet little self, which was his all ;  ���Twas a silly thing to do.  Tlie enemy came���ten thousandfold,  ���Twas a silly thing to do,  For the Knglisli guns played havoc, I'm told,  Though a stray shot hit our soldltr bold;  'Twus a silly thing to dd.  So the maiden sat and pined away;  'Twas a silly tiling to do.  Cor it's all going to happen again some day:  _VH<A�� Jiundred years hence, "Who'll care"  they say,  �� For the silly things we do','"  He Got Ki'etl,  An editor who was thoroughly tlrod of the  foolishness that goes oh at a church wedding,  finally got even as follows i  ��' They were married in great style. All the  elito of the town were Invited, principally  Iiecauso It was thought they would be more  likely to bring elegant presents for the bride.  OI course the ceremony took place In the  Church, and the church was most beautifully  decorated for the occasion. Potted plants were  fxirrowcd here and there wherever they could  1)0 secured without making the owner mad  enough to fight. The bride's young lady friends  bad the decorations in cliargo, and when they  wero not making nosegays they were chewing  the rag about the trouble and work, and wish-  _��Bg-that the=brii'e had=scnse-enough=tO'=gct  ap her own wedding. The ushers wore claw-  fcAmmor coats, parted their hair ln the middle,  ���nd stepped high when they walked 'down the  aisle. The coats were hired from a costumcr,  and their white gloves came from an under,  taker's who kept them on hand lor funeral  occasions. It was a ring ceremony. The ring  w*s a monstrous gold baud borrowed of the  Tillage Jeweller, People called the bride lovely,  but in truth, she was so stooped, lantern-jawed  and homely that even Ihe sunflower and daisy  held a consultation and refused lo grow In the  dooryard where she lived. The bridegroom  wns dressed ln " conventional black," so called  because his father once wore the coat at a  -nectlng of the church deacons, a few years  ���CO. The presents were simply elegant. They  ���me from people who couldn't afford to hire  the washing dono or buy baker's bread and  who owe the storekeeper for the necessaries of  life. Then after a sumptuous wedding supper,  the bride, and groom went to San Francisco on  their wedding tour, where they spent more  iiionoy in twenty-four hours than bnlh of them  can earn lu a month."  Licking Postage Stamps.  Who would suspect that the unassuming  postage slump could become an active vehicle  for the spread of deadly allincdlsV Yel It is  claimed lhat It does, aud the name of "stamp  llckurs tongue" has recently becu brought  Into .notice by two distinguished medical mcu.  It is known to llie few that the common postage slump owes Us adhesiveness to the serum  ofthchor.se. It follows that the lllm drawn  from such a jourcc may, or even must,  al limes charged Willi microbes ul" a more or  less hurtful nature. If a man licked a largo  .lumber nf stamps dally over n Mimclcntly long  period of time the chances are he would set up  cancer of that iiiiieh-aliiucd member. The  postal authorities should recognize the warning, if II la- true, ami place dampers un llie  public desk lu poslolllccs over all the country.  Dearest Story Ever Told.  First man���" What Is the dearest and shortest  story ever told?"  Second man���" When 1 telephoned���long distance��� to my mother-in-law In l'oillaiiil,  Oregon."  First Man-" Why so?"  Second Man���"Well, the rate from Vancouver to Portland, Oregon, Is *1.8S per minute.  1 talked three minutes with her, therefore 1  shall call thcurgolden minutes, und wllh the  discount allowed, my hill was *i'.���-v. Hence, I  consider my little three minute tale Ihe dearest  nnd shortest sloryfevcr told.       ,.  II. J. Striekfuden.  We are in receipt of the .Fairhaven Wash-  iiigton.'Tinics, otlhe issue of Jauuary Ull, and  are delighted to read chut our friend II. J.  ,Striekfuden, editor und proprietor of tho Fairhaven Times, has liecuelcctcd a couiiciliimn in  tbut city where tlie silver salmon are taken for  propeller blades aud one lir log contains  enough lumber to build a hotel. If I am wrong  as to the quantity of the salmon and log, I  stand for correction. The good and progressive citizens of Fairhuven know a good thing  when they find it, and by electing Mr Striekfuden a councilman of their rapidly-growing  city have showed common horse sense und  huve made awise'*choice as well. II. J.; Stick-  fa den is a fearless writer and n mun of broad  views, in his paper he Is always to be found In  Ihe front telling of the resources of his town,  and layering the fostering of any enterprise  that will benefit or help the citizens of Fairhuven. We feel assured thiit Mr.Strickfadeu  will net uud do what he thinks Is for llie best  interest of the town while in the council, nnd  will more than satisfy the expectations of bis  friends who have elected him. Sny, you man  from the Lone Star Slate, do a "heap" of boosting for the pretty, town of Fairhaven and  'always be right "pert" lu guarding the welfare  of the future manufacturing city of Washington Stutc and her rustling, pushing citizens.  .My congratulations.   Have something with mc.  Pay as You Oo.  , The system of credit Is u bud system, and an  unsafe system for all who have money to spend.  Il becomes' a temptation to, purchase more  thnn we enn pay for by ready money, and when  we do that we are taking goods which arc not  rightly.ours. How many a young persou is  lenipted by simie pretty clolhes, by air article  of jewellery, or musical instrument and thinks,  " I will pay for it when I gel my salary," but by  the lime the salary is. paid olhcr wants have  arisen and the debt -'tands over, sometimes for  six months, during ull which time they are  using an article which is not strictly, theirs, but  the storekeepers. This may seem loo severe a  view to take, but do wc not nil feel how true it  is when dono on a large scale'.' Suppose a man  commences business'and'lives beyond his  means/and ultimately becomes bankrupt,' and  only puys his. creditors 'JO or 30 cents on the  dollHr, there does not seem, very much difference in principle between his action and that  of the mun who helps himself toil leg of mutton  or a ham from the butcher's shop. Both arc  dishonest, though one has the cloak of custom  behind which to shelter himself, and which,  iilus! makes him deceive many, if a thing is  wrung when done on a large scale, it cannot be  right even though done in a much smaller way.  It cannot be honest to order goods lor which  we know we shall not be able to pay,  " The Saloon.       .    '  1 suppose thai wc are all more or less interested in the saloon question. It ts one of those  subjects which appeal lo every thoughtful  member ol society, whilst even the wayfaring  man views with eugcr concern the increase or  diminution of drinking facilities. Of course,  as is the case with other similar questions, the  mailer is regarded from various points oi view.  Some folks, for Instance, hold that there should  be no saloons. They would close each and  every one if only Ihey had the power. The  other day I was talking to a man who said if  he possessed the power, he would close every  saloon and brewery In the world. But even ho  admitted thnt strong drink has" a medicinal  value. " If nil tbe breweries and distilleries  were closed," I asked when he hud made tho  admission, "how should we get a drop lor the  stomach's sske ? " This was a poser, he coughed apologetically, stuttered and stammered  Bnd=tlien-sirongly->eiieriit'ea="W'ellrat==an)'  rule ihey ought to be closed."  Quite opposite, but equally amusing Is the  view of the habitual toper. "The more  saloons tho better," he cries, and wonders at  the stupidity of the people In not recognizing  the requirements of all such thirsty souls ns  he. To him the saloon represents the highest  and best form of enjoyment. Ann, forsooth, he  finds II difficult lo understand why every bar  cannot sell liquor without a licence and how It  comes that tho law should compel such a para-  disc as n saloon to be closed from Saturday  night until Monday morning. "The law Is an  ass," is what he would say if lie had ever condescended to wade 'through Mr Bumble's  adventures in "Oliver Twin." As u maltorof  fact he hns not read Dickens, and, as he Is  not equal to such expressive declaration oi his  feelings, he mumbles and quarrels and laughs  boisterously aud roars like an angry bull as he  drlflks. Yet when I come to think of it, I am  Inclined to the opinion that alter all he is not  so very mnoh wroth at the law. The fact is  thnt he despises it, and breaks It without so  much as the turn of a single hair.  Here are two views of the saloon question.  For myself, If I feel inclined to tnke a drink, I  do so. And while I would not close up every  saloon und brewery In the' world-had 1 the  power- there are dives In cvi'ry city the size of  Vancouver where 'iquor Is sold that should  not exist. Yet, I have no method oi reform to  otter. 1 lmvu known men who did offer a  reform-that did not work, could not work-lo  behuiiK In effigy. We are living in n progressive and praellcnl age. Jlcn have gone mad in  trying lu solve this question, which to me Is  Intelligence, Intellect and brain fowl thrown  away. 1 have rend thai Christ Himself, according to the '"Hood Hook",, trumped Ihe grape  and made wine. If he did nol want people lo  drink ul Ihe uluu when It Is red In the cup-he  knew what the outcome would be���ho should  not have produced il In the first place. Hence,  I do not think any law or laws tlint a mortal or  mortals cun make will ever stop the snlo or  manufacture of iiiloxlcaiing liquors. It will  be made long us the earth will produce rye.  barley, hups und corn. Il will he munufactiired  and drank either privately or in public until  the end ui lime. Tills Is my opinion. Other  men have theirs.  George Hartley, ediior���of Tin: Ixiusi-ksiikst,  was elected one of the license commissioners  at the recent city election In Vnncouvcr. His  right mill is still sore and painful from the  effect (.'uiised by tbe Inrgenumberof his friends  shaking his hund and showering llictr cou>  graiulaiioiis upon him.  LABOR NOTES.  Brief Paragraphs of Doings in Ue Wide field  of Labor.  Machinists lire asked to keep away from Dun.  ibis and Sault Sic. Marie.  ,,���  ;j. ���    ' What Wi Advixtisx is Taps.  OLE! ANNUAL SALE   OF   Crockery,  Glassware,  Lamps,  Enameled Iron and Tinware  Will commence on Tuesday next, January 15th.  We purpose making this the greatest of all our sales,   Hundreds of artlclM  will be sold at ��� sacrifice.  Come and see whether yen wish to purchase er not.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  ,- ., " .   I. , CHIH1 HJA.U.H* HiSTIXflB Stmit.  8Bi=a-_-_-a-ga___B��sg_BBaa8gasa im' M i suirrsr_-*-*Tr-a-'   ��i" ' T.irr   ��� i  Found Out.  I have been talking to a Vnncouvcr dentist.  Under ordinary conditions, 1 should scarcely  regard such uu Interview usnii unmixed pica*  sure. Not, of course, that' demists are necessarily dull and uninteresting people, far from  it. Hut a "dt-nllsi generally means the tooth-  nche, nnd llie toothache, even lo u innn who is  llvc-clghtsol a philosopher, is not a thing to  be regarded with uu even mind. At ihe time  oi which I Hin writting, however, I had a  thoroughly cnjoyably ehni, in Ihe course of  which the tooth-extractor related a number of  his experiences.  I will venture to repeat one.  My dentist friend liot long ago numbered  amongst his patients a young lady. There is  nothing extraordinary about thai; indeed, the  dentist confided to me tbut iienrly two-thirds  of his patients are ofthe fulr sex. But this  young lady is tlie heroine of uu unusual, uud,  in sonic respects, almost trngic experience. Of  course she was in love, there is also nothing  extraordinary In tbut. Among her numerous  charms, however, her adorer nisst ndmired her  dainty, pearly-while teeth. Tlicv were perfect,  and Mr lufaluatcil never failed lo pay a pretty  compliment on the subject. One day, when  the lady wus eating, there was a sudden snap,  followed by a convulsive "oggle-gugglc." ' The  beautiful teeth hud collapsed, llorror-slrlckcn  she went to my friend, who, having deprived  her of tier teeth���which he hud manufactured  ���placed her In a room whilst the damage wns  being repaired. Now, it happened that her  admirer, suffering (nun an aching molar, called  at the dentist's and was put Into the same  room as his sweetheart. The lady was rending  a newspaper, but sheglniiced up, caught sight  of her beloved, and hastily tried to conceal  her features behind the paper. The young  man hail recognized her. He spoke, but she  did not answer,, he. approached with words of  sympathy, still no response. At length -maddened ?by such unexpected silence (und the  toothache) he tore aside ihe newspaper, and  caught sight of his dnrllng���toothless and  speechless. Then he fled, and shortly afterwards the engagement wus declared "off."  c ���Lu* Vernon.  Ihe Wail ol the Publisher.  Would you nsk us why this dunning,  Why these sad complaints and rumors,  Humors loud about delinquents  Who have read thu paper weekly,?  Read what Ihey huve never paid lor,  Itead with pleasure und witli profit.  Sad it is to turn our ledger,  Turn the leaves of this old ledger,  Due from volumes long since ended,  Due for years of pleasant reading,  Due for years of anxious labor,  Dae despite our constant drumming,  Duo in suras from one to twenty.  Would you lift u burden from us ?  Would you hnve n quite conscience?  Would you read u paper paid for 7  Send us money, send us money;  Send ua money that you owe us.  -Ex.  MARKET Ql'OTATIOXS.  'Vancouver, Jan. 5,1900.  [Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, 311  Currull street.]  Flour-  Manitoba Hungarian, sack,  .   50 lbs    J 1 85 (8 I 1 40  Grain��� ������:.  Chicken Wheat, 100lbs...... 1 75 @    175  Oats, lun  25 00 'iii 00  Bran, Ion  MOD  Shorts, 1 ton  HOOO  Feed���  Hay, ton  ]_! 00 @  13 00  jugar- ;                   . .   ..������'_ 1���  Sugar, Suck...  5 75 5 75  Vegetables���  Potatoes, 100 lbs....  1 00 (A   'l 60  Turnips, 100 lbs  65  Onions, lb  5  Cabbage, lb..  5 5  Bects.lb......  ���_  Celery, hibuncbi  20 30  Farm Produce���  Eggs, doz. fresh  .. to      10  Kggs Case, Manitoba, doz.. 20 jj5  lluiter, Creamery, mints.... 80 ;i5  lliitter. Creamery. In nibs lb 27 2��  Hutler, Dairy, priuIB....... 20 25  liutter, Dairy, ill tubs,lb..., IS 21  Cheese, Ontario, lb  17 20  Cheese, Manitoba, lb.old... 15 17  hard, lb  15 15  hard'Mb. palls  45 45  I.ard 6-lb. palls ....;... 70 70  I.ard lO-lb. pail  14. 140  hard 20-lb palls  2 75 2 00  Fruit-   ,  Applos, local, box  76 125  Oregon Apples, Box.  2 00 2 20  Vernon Apples, box.....,.., 175 175  Oranges, doz ,....  25 50  I_cinons, doz ,. .    25 ,,  Japan Oranges, Box  .15 45  Bananas, doz  ao 36  (Corrected by Burrard  Inlet Meat Company,  300 Cordova tired weal.  Meatt-  Ilecf.lb  7 8     15  Mutton, lb  7 18  Veal, lb  a ]g  Pork, lb  10 16  Ham, lb  18 18  Bacon; lb  20 20  London and 8t. Thomas have better, sounclls  this year, having abandoned the ward system  ol representation, 'and labor unions having  assisted in both places to elect etroaj new  men. ���      >  Ottawa Trades Unionists elected the man  they endorsed for Mayor. ��  A new national lnbor organization has been  formed at Chicago, the Cas and'Elcctrlc Fillers  of America.  Ohlo'mluers meet ln Columbus, January 15.  Scale of prices and sharp contest for the offices  will bo features.  Only four of London's old aldcnnon wore reelected. The old men for tho mosl part were  encinlcf- of labor.  The typographical unions of Montana ore  urging the legislature ul the state lo establish u  stnte printing olllce.  Three of Ihe uldcrincn endorsed by the SI.  Thomas Trades uud Labor Council were cleclcd  viz.i Ferguson, Luton, and Price.  The commissioners ol Floyd county, Indiana,  rciTiiily tiiiuniiiiuusly adopted a resolution requiring Ihe label on all county printing.  Montreal printers cnniint live on f 10 and f 11  per week und are asking for .}1'-. They also de.  niund a 51.hour week In place of one of BS hours.  Honolulu plumbers and painters won the  S-hour workday, and the carpenters, brick-  layers und masons me making the Mime move.  "Anthracite coal miners ure raising a fund  wllh whuh to buy a home for President  Mitchell a.�� a murk of appreciation of his services.  The slrlke of the employee" of the L'nlon  Traction Company, Heading, i'n., begun January ,s, has ended, the board of uibltrniors having granted ncurly every demand made by the  strikers.  The Winnipeg Labor Party has elected oilieers  for ihe year us folloim: President, Wm. Scott,  re-elected; lirsi vice-president, Jubn Wulluce;  secretary, C. C. Stuart; treasurer, II. Mason;  statl-.ticlnu, C. Dale*,  The city of Culumct, Mich., wns built nt a  cost of 1100,(00, and now owns nnd operates, a  municipal theatre; It is conducted by a manager in the city's employ, nnd nny profits dc-  riv ed go into the city's sinking fund.  Local workingmen lire now asking for Canii-  diun-muilc bouts uud shoes bearing the union  label. Retail dealer-, apprceluie thi-, fact, and  are pulling in good supplier uf tlu-Mc-Phcr-on  Shoe Cnnipuny mid J. II. King ,v Co. makes.  , A milk mist has been darted nt London,  O.'it.. where Hicic are 125 milkmen, und has  bought out about iij. Sonic ul the milk vendors  have organized, and ure backed by the working classes who Intend to boycott Iru-t milk.  A resolution was passed by the Western Centra! Labor Union of Jennie to tlie effect that It  appreciates the spirit in which the gift by  Andrew Carnegie of .iJOO.tmil for ii-ncw public  library was inudc, und expressed its sincere  gratitude for the timely assistance.  The notices handed In by n ecrmlii number  of the employee" of Messrs J. Round ,vv Sun,  silversmiths, Shelllelrl, huve expired nnd the  men have now entered up na strike. The  qiiestiun involved is llie employment of non-  uuiuulsis, who are working under different  condition-.  .Early this year Mr. Carnegie gave out his  own estimate of his wealth. His own valua.  tlon of his interests in the Carnegie Steel Company was II|i*.,250,000. His other investments  he consecutively estimated at}_. 1,000,000, making a total, according to his own estimate, of  .Mi, 250,000.  The Thames Lightermen's dispute Is nf fur off  a settlement os ever. With regard le the letter  addressed lo them by the -M.p.'sfor riverside  constituencies, the musters have written refusing to make any furtbor couces'-ions. Strike  pay was last week received by 1,000 men for the  tenth week.  ,,; Illinois'factory inspector, in his annual report, will show that there has been an "unusual increase in the number oi children employed In the fuctories, nnd the consequent  crowding out of men and women." In Chicago, alone, about 11,000 children are employed in  places visited.  The big strike inaugurated by innn;- trades in  Genoa, Italy, because the government closed  the socialist and labor headquarters has been  called off, the ministry having announced tbat  the headquarters will be ic-esiabllshed. In  parliament the socialists introduced n resolution to withdraw all troops from China and a  hot fight is expected.  Two hundred .Shirtmukcrs on Tue-duy struck  on the cust side at New York rather than submit to the cut in their pay, and Salmon, their  leader, said at his headquarters, " Wc might  as well strike as starve in the shops. We arc  tlio poorest paid workmen in the city. The  highest earnings are 'Oawcek. It is a question of starving or striking."  The Miners' Federation ol Great Ilritain,  wlilch has now over 100,000 members, having  had under consideration the queslion of unskilled labor ln mines, have resolved upon  definite action ol an Important character. 1;  is stated that thirty-fivu per cent, of ihe accidents which occur in coal mines arc brought  about by unskilled labor and llie Federation  propose to endeavor to secure such legislation  as to cntirely-prohlblt^men bcgirihlng"fo'work*  In coal niincs after attaining the age of eighteen years. Strong action is also being taken  with regard to non-unionists receiving further  advances in wages..  The mineral guards employed by (he .Northeastern Railway Company ut Gate-head, Tyne,  Dock, and Sunderland South Dock are on strike  Inconsequence of a new regulation requiring  the men to lake tbe brake vans iu the order lu  which they go to work. Hitherto the men  have each hail whai ihey call lhelr "own" vans  and the proposed new arrangements they contend would Increase llie risk ol accident If they  were to leave well-equipped vans, to which  thoy had become accustomed, forvnns whlcli  were not to* well appointed. Tins, officials ol  tho company slate that the old system was  found to cause serious detention of trains, and  the company accordingly made arrangement,  at considerable cost for the Indiscriminate use  ot the vans, appointing men to look after lhelr  equipment. The coal traffic al Sunderland and  Tyne Dock has already been considerably  affected. Two ul the largest collieries have  ceased work.  .-Th-e-Chias. Woodward Co.,  FORIiSBLT C. WOODlVAED. I IMITF-l^******^-*^-  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  TWENTIETH CENUJ&r SAtE  Of course il is an understood fact that we soil everything chenp. Hut iheroaro  times when we sell them cheaper. Now this is one ol them. 30-lncb Whito Lonsdale Cambrlo, very sheer and suitable for Ladles' aud Children's underclothes-  Sale price We; regular price was 15c.  42-inch While t'ircula Pillow Cotton, 12c; regular price 20c. '  72-lui-h White Sheeting, twilled or plain, 20c; regular prlco 30c.  ���M White Sheeting, twilled or plain, 25ci; regular price 35c. ���     ���  ;i��-inch Grey Cotton, dc; regular price He. - u  .   10-lnch Grey Collon, very line; regular price lS.'jc, now Sc.  All-wool Grey Flannel, exiru value nt 40c, sale price 30c.  All wool While l'lniincl, extra valuoat 35c, sale prico23c.  Ladies'Wrappers ull this season's make, to be cleared. Koto'the prlcos. 11.50  for mi); .2.00 for *1.25; ii.Hi lorfl.75; 1.1.00 for ��2.50. "  All Ladles' Felt Hals selling nt Wc each; All Lndlcs' Jackets at Half Prlco.  Infants' Knitted Honnc't��, Jackets nnd Bootees at half price.      ''..-���  Kemniiiits of Dress Goods, Linings, Flannelette and Cotton goodB. at prices that  cnnnoi be beaten. ,  Mail Orders Solicited.  301  �����������������������������������������������������������������������������  I The female Labor Party t  "the Old Oaken Backet."  This beautiful old-time ballad, "The Old  Oaken Bucket," was.written fifty or more  ysars ago by. a printer .named Samuel Wood-  worth. He was in the habit of .dropping into  a noted drinking saloon kefit by one Msllory.  One day, after drinking a glass of brandy and  water, he smacked his lips and declared that  Maliory's brandy woe superior to any' drink he  had ever tasted.   . ���'.'"������  "Xo," said Xallory,' "you are   mistaken,'  holds the balance of power whon it conies to a  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the.^h-  subject we are most interested in. Wc Want -^*  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity <��>  of showing the good points of McCIary's. .���* <&-  famous Range. It is the best and the terms <fe-  are easy. ��-  126 Hastinos St. ��  & 24 Cordova St. X  McLennan,  McFeely & Co-  ���WIHOIiBSALE AND  RE*nA"C__J DEALERS  IN  Mmusi -Hardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PR03EPT ATTENTION.  KIEI.LV, DOUGLAS & CO.  WHOLESALE GKOCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -  Vancouver, B. C.  Iflgfr" Headquarters for Domestic and Bm-  fiorted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  There was a drink which in both our estimations far surpassed this."  "What wiib that?" Incredulously asked Wood'  worth.  "Tho fresh soring water thai we u-ed to drink  from the old oaken bucket that hung in the  well, after returning iron the Held, on a snltry  day."  "Very true," replied Woodworth, tcardroji.s  glistening ln his eyes.  Iteturniiig to his printing ollice he seated himself at his desk and begau to write. In half an  hour,  "The old oaken bucket,  the  iron-bound  bucket,  The mosv-eorercd bucket lhat hung In the  well,"  was embalmed in an inspiring song that has  become as familiar ae a household word.  Ford's   Grocery  25 HASTINCS ST. E.  Prices This Week.  Pork and Beans, Tin 5c.  Blueberries, Tin 10c.  Beets, Tin... 10c.  Roast Beef, U lb Tins 12 l-2c.  Starch 4 lbs for  25c.  Dried Pears.3 lb for 25c.  Black Figs 5 lb for 25c.  Novo per package 15c.  Clearing up for Stock Taking.  Televhone 728.  L^':  The finest line of SI'ECTACLKS and  KYKOLASBEH In British Columbia, and  you will find tbe prlcos right, dor doe-  tor of optics examines syes free.  146 OOBDOVA erKEET.  boi. li-TMOtm -tub ookiirfi en'  (nearer -(.Station.) ''  .,    - i        .   : i  1. ��� ���    '���  ..Fine old Snrlish,Ale,Stontaed Beer;  b'eslold Beotttt ���hd.Ulsh *Ws__y;rdo-  AiHl*' and ��� lmporM ������ Oiftn.  Brery.  TOUR1 "WIFE LIKES IT.���Tour wife -  Is proudi to walk with you, wfhen ottt- -  era turn to admire, as they do lnvari��� -  ably, when you wear dlothes made by  us.   Tthere Is on air distinctive and always discernible plainly   about    oar  up-to-date suits that pleases lta owner '  no leas than Wo wife and friends.  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordova Street.  Wo aro prepared to supply  all your wants. Every purchaser shall get full Tsluo  for their money. Make tut  your list and come lo���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings aridJ'  "14 Arcade  :   GEO; HAY  Vancouver's.. Pioneer    Clothes  Benorator, makes a suit new.  ; DyeinQ and Repairing.  31< CMIM Br., VAHOOCTfcl.


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