BC Historical Newspapers

BC Historical Newspapers Logo

BC Historical Newspapers

The Independent Jul 20, 1901

Item Metadata

Download

Media
xindependen-1.0180405.pdf
Metadata
JSON: xindependen-1.0180405.json
JSON-LD: xindependen-1.0180405-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): xindependen-1.0180405-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: xindependen-1.0180405-rdf.json
Turtle: xindependen-1.0180405-turtle.txt
N-Triples: xindependen-1.0180405-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: xindependen-1.0180405-source.json
Full Text
xindependen-1.0180405-fulltext.txt
Citation
xindependen-1.0180405.ris

Full Text

 V  $*JiAj^^ sM>V-uPwA^  .VEW YORK LIFE L\SUKAitCE GO  Tbe oldest und lnrgcht interna.  Ilonal fompHny in tlie world.  Supervibed by  W Koverniiiciits.  Fred Cockburn ��� District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vascouvkr.  VOL. 3.  I C. PERMANENT LOIN AMD  ma w.  Authorized Capital  ���    (10,000,000  Subscribed Capital   -   -    1,500,000  Assets o.ur    ....      300,000  Head Oflice 321 Cnmbie Street, Van  couver, II. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, JULY 20, 1901.  NO. 17.  STRIKE AT ROSSUKD.  TO AlA. WORKINGMEN.  Rosm-AM), Ii. C, July Hi, 11)01.  ,A strike haH been dcelared in this city  by thu Miners' and Carpenters' unirms  of Rossland for an increase nf wages.  This strike involves 1,201) men and all  industries, and opportunity for employment is practically closed. Therefore,  nny person keeking einploynieiit should  keep away from this vicinity, as this  struggle will undoubtedly last for tome  length of time, li you would save  yourselves useless expense and idlcnei-s  do not come into this vicinity.  , ]'_XKCUTtVK JJoAKD OK ROKM.AND MlNTHs'  U.n'ion.'No. 38, "W. I'. JI.  Executive Hoahii  or Gaui'untiiiis' and  Join'kiis' Union No. 1.  At a lot; dcur last night the  Fishermen's union of. Vancouver  passed a resolution agreeing to the  new schedule for fish which will receive its finishing touches at New  Westminster this afternoon. Thei e  is no doubt but that a settlement  will be reached.  TIIK (J. P. R. STRIKE.  Following facts aru presented to tl c  public by thu executive committee of  the Rossland Miners' union:  " Since tho agreement between tlie  big corporations of Rossland aud Rossland Miners' union in April, 1000, this  city has apparently enjoyed industrial  peace; yet all who are convefs.int with  . tlio industrial affairs of Rossland fur the  . past, fifteen mouths know there has  been a secret warfare waged against Ihis  Minim' union, which has been nearly  ns ili'Slruutivu to tho business interests  of the community as an open struggle  between the two industrial forcts, and  worse in that there is no apparent end  to be seen.  " .Nearly one-half of the employees in  the "mines of this community receive  ijbout 20 per cent, less wages than the  >' same class of labor in surrounding  camps, many of which camps have a  lower grade ot ore and are less favorably  situated than Rotsland. We belie.e  that it is to continue lo enfo.cu this  unjust scale of wages that so many annoying practices have' been introduced  ' to undermine the prestige of litis Miners' union of Rossland.  "First���An  annoying system ofvespionage   nnd     blacklisting   by   whnh  many of our ablest members have lucn'  compelled to seejc einploynieiit .in oilier  '"   localities,     although   of   unquestioned  "-ability, in their trade.  " Second���By revoking a lime-honored  privilege of the secretary being allowed  to solicit members among the' nonunion employees of the companies who  might be off duty on the premises of the  companies, a privilege guaranteed us  by the last half of article 15 of tho agreement of April, 1!)00; thus preventing  us from refilling our ranks depleted by  loss ol members compelled to seuk employment iu other fields.  "Third���By connection with bogus  employment agencies seeking to ilood  the over-crowded labor'1 market witli  chenp foreign labor.  " Finally���By tho largest corporation  in this vicinity openly seeking and  striving to crush a sister union at North-  port, Wash.     _ '  " Wc have right on our side and must  surely win."  observers must understand very well  that the men have deliberately been  driven Into the position they have at  length taken iby the fran'lcly announced policy or Bernard Macdonald, and  one in which ���Manager Kirby has plainly expressed his entiie approval and  assent.  The 'first inception of the present  trouble, as everyone 'knows, occurred  at the Northport smelter, a plant entirely controlled by Manager Macdonald. These works were at first closed  down under the positive assurance  of the general manager, so announce  In a personal interview with him by  the Rossland Dally Miner, that the  move was In no way connected with  labor tioubles, could not be in i'act,  as none existed.  -In a few days the camp was startled  by the announcement that the previous ollicial statement was false and  that to use the words of the smelter  superintendent addressed to the waiting smelter men at the time:  "We haive decided to break up the  union at all costs and we will employ  no man unless 'ho abandons the union.  Upon the heads of Messrs. MacDon-  altl and Kerby must rest the sole responsibility for 'Ihe industrial wuir now  proclaimed. So far tho union has conducted .the thinly veiled contest with  a calmness and judgment which lias  called foi'th the admiration "of even  their ouponets;' and now that the open  struggle has begun, 'the same sound  discretion can bo relied upon to guide  the whole matter to a triumphant vindication of union principles and unionism.  ���7  The Greenwood Miner says Hint Ro.-s-  land has been thu.curse of tho mining  - interests of British Columbia. It was  from thnt city that all thu wild-cat promotions emanated which huve done so  much injury to the. credit of legitimate  mining in the province. In that city  appear to have congregated all the bilk  mining promoters and stock-jobbers, nil  thucrnnk initio managers, and equally  cranky miners. Even the , newspapers,  wiiun they cannot manage to cause fric-  _tioii_butween.mine-owners, and miners,  unfairly criticize thu mining laws of thu  ��� province, with the evident object of  driving capital out of the country. The  Rossland district lias received greater  prominence than its mines deserve. In  another year it will not be known as an  ore-producing camp in comparison with  the other mining districts of Southern  British Columbia. Boundary will liavu  four camps each one of which will hhi|>  more ore than the Rossland camp. If  llie mine managers and miners of the  Buund.iry will (ontinue to treat each  other as they ha.o iu thu past, the dilli-  cultiea in the httlu Rossland camp will  not materially affect the mining inter-  esrs of Southern British Columbia.  ICXTITI.KI) TO HOLIDAYS.  Sir,���As a   friend   ot  labor will - you  kindly give me space In your paper to  bring ibCiTore the public an Injustice  that the letter-carriers ot ourclty are  lighting against. The government  with a great show of generosity say  that .they give the carriers 21 days  each year, but I wish 'to show you how  they make It impossible for the men  to take advantage of this offer.. Surely any sane man would imagine that  the holidays should talke place during  the summer months, even a. private  firm always takes that /view but not  so with the government, at least as  far as Vancouver post ollice employees  are concerned. Up to July two men  i'iad been lucky enough to complete  theirs, leaving seven more entitled to  them, that would just about ibring the  . last man; through about .Christinas  Day, as only one man 'can be spared  at a time. But If tho /government  could only afford tho expense to em-,  ploy an extra, man, the holidays .would  all be over before the wet season  oa.me on, as two carriers could be awiay  at the same time. Trusting this will  benetfit the men who titonp through  tho rain of winter, &nd the heat of  sunimcr to bring . the mail to our  homes  and   stores.   I   am  A I'liiiiND or tin: T_i_Tn:it C.\nim:its.  Vancouver, July 10th, 1901,  The Rossland Woild savs. The inevitable lcsult of the nolicy adopted  by Messrs. Macdonald and Kirby has  finally icsulted In tho declaration of  .i general sti i/ke by the Rowland .Miners' Union, No. 38, Western Federation  of MIncis.  Whatever uninformed people muiyi  say, the graive step now announced  has only been adopted by the Miners'  union after the most caieful and  lengthy deliberation and as a last le-  sort.  'All  unprejudiced  and  disinterested  TRADES ARD LABOR GOUKCIL  , Thu regular meeting of the Trades and  Labor Council was called to order by  Vice-President Crow.  ���The-following"preseiited~"crc(IcntialsT  Cigarmakers��� K. Morris, .1. Crow, C.  Crowder. Amalgamated Wood workers  Union���I). H. Jones, X. J. White, l.eon  Ridley.  Thu Council indorsed the proposed  new schedule of wages hiibmiltod by the  Makers' Union.  Thu ri'pnrl. of the Auditing Committee  was received and adopled.  The following oilieers wuru elected for  thu euuuiiig term : President, John  Crowe ; Vue-l'residcnl, W. ,1. Lunriel.,  Treasuier, C Crowder; Financial Secn-  t.iry, Win. Beur, Secretary, T. II Cross;  l_\eeuli\u Committee, It Macpherson,  M. Little and above o/hcors, Trustees,  R.Todd, .I.C. Barton,.!. IVarey; Statistician, W. McKissock; Hergc,int-al-  Arms, Ci. K. l.cnfesty.  Considerable discussion arose whether  Lubor May should be held this ��� ear in  Vancouver. On million it was relet red  lo the I'.M'ontive Cjiiiinittce with full  power lo act  The following resolution was carried  unanimously:  Resolved���That Ihis council has full  (onfidemo in Mr. _���_. l\ Bromncr as !a  bor commissioner. Although report has  it that thu canners have blamed him for  an adjustment not having been reached  of thu fishermen's strike, this council  believes that Mr Bremner lias worked  conscientiously both for the canners and  fishermen alike.  Mr. Crow, the newly elected President,  in a neat speech thanked the Council  for the honor thoy had conferred upon  him, after which tho Council adjourned.  I think we have every reason to congratulate ourselves for the continued  success of our stand. The only cause  we have for regret is that the C. P.  R. should be so badly misled as to  continue such  a hopeless struggle.  Or course it Is quite obvious thait the  main object of the company have in  ���view Is to crush our organization. If  we are true to ourselves and the prTn*-  ctples we enunciate they cannot succeed.  Since tlie strike began the company  haive persistently told tis the men were  returning in droves to their work; that  the strike' -was .practically aver; that  tha roadbed was in splendid condition,  etc. We knew better, for we were fully warned before wo laid down our  tools that overy means would be taken to 'break ,up our ranks and scare  us badk to our work.  We see how the company have been  struggling day after day through the  medium of their subsidized press to  misrepresent the true state of affairs.  The Vancouver organs of the company  have not said much about the Pacific  division. Mr. Townley played a few  ���discordant medleys to the strikers, and  George McL. Brown played a couple  of Scotch airs, without effect; the  strikers were obdurate and would not  dance. The Montreal Herald and the  Gazette play at the 'behest of their  masters, and describe in wild "and  wlordly strains the desertion from our  ranics on this division! We are not  Ignorant or gullible though we are  Door.  When   the, company ipretend ��� to  rejoice over imaginary desertions from  our ranks  they  are  mute about the  difllculty  they  have Jn keeping their  "scabs" at work.   These scabs are not  workers;   thoy are inveterate loafers,  suffering from chronic laziness.   They  'know   that   their   present  .position   is  merely of a temporary nature, for as  soon  as  the strike Is  over  they will  be "kicked out."   They are a class,of  men who, under no circumstances'and  at  no  time,   can" 'be  respected.   They  Prostitute their manhood to a corporation, or rather to a class of men re-'  presenting that corporation, who seek  to crush  the honest laborer into  the  dust,   and   make   him   their  obedient  slave.   These "scabs" are the running  sores  in  the 'field of lalbor,  and are,  under the .very best conditions, a hin-  derance and a menace to the .prosper-'  ity of  those   they pretend    to  serve.'  This   Is   absolutely   true   because   we  know that the people who employ them  can repose .no faith in them, and only  'keep  them  to serve their  immediate  and urgent wants.   The "scab"  emits  an  effluvia  tha't poisons  the  air  we  breathe; no man's condition is so base  as'his;  none  more accursed,  because,  ho hath put forth, his hands against  his fellow man who Is trying to rise  from  the dust  where his master endeavors  to ikeep, him���aye,  keep  him  by means of this putrid excresence of  humanity���the   "scalb."      If    soulless  corporations ever laugh It mu_.t be at  the  substance Known under  the  unspeakable    designation���'"scab,"     that  sonves it and. submits to the most extraordinary mortification at the hands  of Its master! '  It Is .perfectly evident to the pub-^  Ho that the C. P. R. Co. have not and  can, not secure "competent men",  among.the genus referred to, to gain  public confidence. Those "competent  men" are cajoled and cojrc^djtojwork  and "kept at it" by special constables,  armed with revolvers, who do not  hesitate to use them with 'fatal results.  Fellow workmen. I beg you to have  the most impllclte confidence in the  executive officers of our organization;  tliey are in the position in which you  halve placed 'them; they are performing the duties you have assigned them;  It Is your Imperative duty to stand  liuo to them and see that your instructions aie cairled into effect. You  enteicd upon a contest with a thorough knowledge of the machinations  that would be resorted to.  The fundamental pilnctples of your  ���manhood mc -it stake���honor and liberty. Liberty is a heritage which you  a.s reasoning men in a fiee country  must piesonve, and lot your honor be  to you as strong on obligation tis necessity and leason is to the Canadian  Pacific railway company at this present jumtuie  in  its  history.  RAILROADER   NO.  2.  Vancouver, July 19, 1901.  men on the Canadian Pacific Railway  suspended work.  I regretted very much being compelled, In the faithful performance ot my  official duties, to sanction an order to  suspend work. Et.-cry means at our  command was exhaiustej in an honorable waj to secure a fair settlement  with the company. Your committee  were practically ignored, and the head  of your organization proposed to the  president of the Canadian Pacific Railway Company, to assist In,effecting an  amie!il_.e adjustment of the men's differences, but was Ignored altogether.  We have endeavored to prosecute the  strike Jr. an honorable 'way; our oppo-  nets have resorted to all means known  to the human mind���fair and foul���to  defeat you in your manly efforts to obtain anything like a fair share of the  wealth you are helping to create, and  your God-given rights to say a word  about the terms and conditions of your  employment.  It  seems  that  the majoilty  of the  largo newspapers have been subsidized  by  your  opponents in    this   contest.  Several columns are devoted to C. P. R.  despatches    making    statements  that  cannot be verified by facts.   They have  sought  to  deceive  the public,  and  to  make all gcod people believe that they  are doing justice to their maintenance-  of-way. men, because they'aie hot robbing them of as much of the wealth  they create as some other corporations  in the country are taking from theirs.  Advices to your committee show that  the company has been offering men ten  dollars a day and board, in :omo localities to take your places.   They hire a  great many inexperienced men who refuse to do your work when informed  that you were carrying on an Industrial war In favor of your just'rights. '  I called upon two Italians in Montreal  who had been furnishing men to the C.  P. R.', explained the situation to them,  and requested them not   to aid a giant  corporation in their efforts to oppress  and degrade the poor laboring men of  the country.   They said  the men employed , thiough' their agencies by the  C. P.'R. wtre not hired to take the  places of the strikers, In fact, it was  distinctly understood that they would  not take the places of   the   strikers.  They were to work for $1.25 per day,  Including board and lodging, that is to  say, the C. P. R. Company will pay inexperienced Italians $1. 25 per day, including board' and'  lodging,  (equivalent to $1.75 per day) but they refuse to  pay  citizens,   wealth    producers    and  tax-payers, $1.50 per day. ;  * .The officials are bending ever energy  trying to induce nien who have rebelled against oppression to surrender  and submit to unjust treatment.  Information has been received from  what I consider reliable source that the  company has offered men, (members of  our organization) one hundred dollars  per month (more than twice as much  as they have been receiving) to resume  work and we are Informed that a few  men have yielded to temptation and  are going over the road criticising your  committee and trying to inlluence the  men to return to work without having  their grievences adjusted. Beware 'of  bribe-givers and bribe-takers. Stand  firm. Be men worthy of the name, and  you will win in this contest in spite of  all the wealth and cunning the C. P. R.  has at its command.  ;A' great deal lias been said about  members of other orders composed of  Follow Ing circular has been sent out:'  Montreal, July 13, 1901.  To  all   maintenance-of-ways  men    of>  the Canadian Pacific Railway:  Dear Sirs and Brothers,���This Is the  27th day since the maJntenance-of-way  railway employees demanding that the  C. P. 11. make a fair settlement with  its maintennnce-of-way men. 1 do not  know whether the tollers in other departments will aid you' in your struggle for justice or not, but have been  advised that the following resolution  has been paused at union meetings at  various places on the system:  "Resolved, that the conditions existing and biought about owing to tho  stopping of work by the employees of  the maintenance-ot-way depaitmont  aie calculated to endangei the peison-  al safety of the employees of the ti.iln  seivice and Is against the best intei-  CPt of tho company.  "Therefore be it icsolved���That we  deploie the continuance of the stiikc,  and with a view to biinglng about a  fail settlement, we the Biothorhoods  Jointly assembled, are strongly ln favor of conciliating through and by the  General Chairmen of the five organizations here represented and that a copy  of this Resolution be forwarded to each  Division or Lodge on the C. P. Rj.  system, and that they be and are hereby requested to talke such, or similar  action."  Signed on behalf of the orders.  Wo were Informed that a delegation  leprescnllng members of the Order left  Winnipeg on the 6th Inst.  A correspondent near Winnipeg  states:  I have been told that Mr. Pope,  Chairman of the Engineers' Joint Protective Board on the C. P. R��� wrote  Mr. McNiioll some time ago about the  strike, and lt js stated that Mr. McNIcoll wrotr back to him .if the En-  glneeis would come to Montreal, and  Inform tlie trackmen that they could  not assist them, they would do the  company a favor.  I haive before me a letter written to  a Grand Olllcer of one of our Orders  of railway employees, by the Chairman  of their Joint Protective Board, which  reads in part as follows:    ,  "In accordance with your instructions of lecent date, I hf.'/e communicated with tho different members of  the Joint Protective Boards, and the  result of my appeal Is this: They are  all In favor ot meeting in Montreal as  a Conciliation Committee, with the exception of Mr. Charles Pope, General  Chairman of the B. of Ij. E., who does  not agree with our ���/lews." ^  The sentiments expressed may conform to Mr. Pope's Ideas; but engn-  eers, with few* exceptions, as well as  inemheis of all other orders, are ln  sympathy with the Malntenance-of-  Way men, who have been preserving  their lives- by keeping the track in safe  running Older for many years.  Should the Locomotive Engineers or  men employed ln any other depaitment  ally themselves on the side of the company, and advise you through the  press to discontinue your struggle for  fair treatment, as was done by an  Engineer and Conductor on the Maine  Central Railway, treat them as your  enemies. Do not heed the seducll'/e  persuasions of well paid officials who  are trying lo Inlluence you to prostitute your manhood. Foi many years  our ciaft have been like mud-turtles  ln a pond, rooting tn the mud, scratching up worms for the game fish to  feast .upon.  We have icasons to believe that the  officials are not sending out correct  reports about the men returning to  work at various ipla<:es through the  newspapers, but they are isending bogus messages over the w ires, pretending  that they were sent by men .notifying  the company they iwere going to return  to work. One of their lackies wrote  me some time ago saying if the Order  did ,not i>ay him for staying out, he  would return to woiik. AVe adivlsed  him that the men engaged In the contest are-iftghtlng their battles and his  too, and that if they could not win  without resorting to bribery and deceit,  and upholding men who seemed to be  devoid of character, we would prefer  to lose. Copies of the letter have been  printed and distributed all over the  road 'by men who are trying to plan  your downfall, thinking lt will prejudice all men not -members of the B.  R. T. ot A. against you.  Victories cannot be won without sacrifices. Yours is a just cause. If you  will stand firm, and do everything  In', youre power lhat is honorable and  reasonable, and not be influenced by  the advice of any one, except your  committee, or men whom you know-  to ,be your fiiends and that will aid  you tn a manly effort to socuie more  of the necessities tf life for your work,  viotory wall crown your efforts.  Your cause is a. Just one. Do right.  Show   by  your  actions   that  you   are  men of determination, stability, and  character, and the good people of this  countiy will aid you In your struggle  against oppression. Yours in B. L. <__  U..  JOHN T. WILSON,  President B. R. T. or A.  The committee lecelved a le'egnini  fiom President Wilson, of the Trackmen's Association, slating that all the  men were standing firm In the East,  and that their case was becoming  stionger. Not one man has gono back  lo work. Secietary Graham, of Revelstoke, lias documentary proof ot the  iontrmventlon ot tho alien labor law.  This is In the shape of 32 affidavits by  men cngeged In Boston and passed on  to .Montreal; two from Spokane and  two of those engeged at Portland.  The two men from Portland who have  ffUen affidavits are T. H. Mercer and  Thos   Rolierts. ��� ;  ' i'l'  "NOT  WORTH  THE  PAPER."  ���  P. J. Graham, secretary of the Revelstoke Trackmen's union, called upon  Attorney-General Eberts on We lncs-  day ct Victoria, to auk the aid of the  provincial government to enforce the  Alitn Labor act. Mr. Eberts Informed  Mr. Graham that he was "powerless ln I  the matter, that under the act In force  initiatory  ptoceedings  must be  taken  by some ipr_vate Individual, who must  first   have obtained   the   written  concent of a Judge of the court in which  the action is intended to be brought.  This action must be brought against the ���  person or persons importing the alien  laborers in the same manner as a suit  for an ordinary debt.   The party may  be sued for and the case tiled summarily before any-judge of a county ,  court, who'is "a justice of the peace,  or any judge of  the session  of    the  peace,  i ecorder,  police  magistrate,  or  stipendiary  maglstiate, -but   in    that,  case the wiitten consent of the attorney-general or a judge of the superior  or counts court must first be obtained.  If the iplaintiff wins the case, the de-'  fendant may be fined any amount not  exceeding J.1000, and not less than $50,  which sum shall be paid to the minister  of  finance'or receiver-general   of  Canada,  The attorney-general had no objection to give his consent to an action  being begun, and legietted that his  power in the matter was limited to  that meagre extent. ,  Mr. Graham very pioperty said that  he was not prepared, nor did he think  the union would caie to begin an action against the C. P. R. which would  very likel> involve hea,vy expense anil  could not ieault m much good in,any  event. The Trackmen's union is not  lookinc for chances to inflict fine3 on  the C. P. R., what it desires is to Keep  ullen laborcis out of the country or tj  lu'i'e them deported after their illegal "  impoitalion. The act ^provides that the  attorney-general of Canada, in case he  shall be satisfied that an immigrant  has been landed In Canada contiary to '  tiie provisions of the act, may cause  such immigrant, within a peiiod of ,  one year, to be taken into custody and  returned to the country whence 'he  came to the expense of the person or  Dorsons who violated the law.  "But how  to satisfy the   attorney^  general  of Canada is  the    question," :,7  said * Mi-.-'Graham.'' "The" 'act' does ��� not   r  appear to provide for that in any way.  ,  In fact, as the Alien Labor act stands  lo day it Is a dead letter, not worth the  paper it is written on.   The labor men  of  Canada  asked  for  bread and   the  government has given them a stone.  AT KAMLOOPS.  The  Inland-Sen'tinel  says:   There is  no_cihange easlt or west of Kamloops.  The men who went out' the first day  of the strike are still out, and will stay  out until  their demand  for   a living  wage Is conceded.   The past few days  haive seen three or four carload of Imported  foreigners    from    U.  S. points  ipass  through  town.      The men  were  mostly   Italians   and   upon   being  in-   <  formed of the situa'tlon stated    they,  had no desire to talke the place of ,the  strikers.   Most of them had no money, '  and ibeing ignorant of our laws thought  Che C. P. R. could compel them to work  because of the contract they had signed.  Upon being    Informed ��� that the  contracts  were  worthless  the  men    said  they  could   not   work.   TherC.   P.   JR.  have, to a certain extent, a cinch on  these men.    They are out here, they  have no money, and the C. P. R. refuse  to 'take them baclk to Boston.  'Fear of  starvation may compel some   of,  the  men   to   go   to   wonk, but generally  speaking they are all disinclined to become "scalbs."  A DOLLAR AN HOUR.  .*���**!  ���31  *���*. i  <-.7  ~ The rompany is offering as high  as  $1  an   hour  and   cannot  get  men   to  woik.   The state of  the  loadbed  and  bridges Is becoming every day worse  and the running of trains more difficult.   The  company   has  one gang of  Japanese working under duress, being  forced to  It by armed special constables.   The Japs so tar are loyal to tho  union and walked out with the white  men, but this particular lot aie practically  pusoners, diiven    lo work    by  throats of personal violence.  A SHAME.  It is a  right down .shame  that the ,  trackmen s-hould be compelled single-  handed in order to protect themselves  and their families to combat the wholesale importation of foreigners.   So far  they hM/c succeeded tn persuading the  men Imported to refuse to  go  to. work,  they will continue to do so, determined  to  act  stilct'y  within   tho  law.   This  policy  on   their pait  is costing'them  considerable money  as  at   Revelstoke  alone  they are paying the living'expenses of 32 men brought all the way  from Boston by an Italian employment  agent.   These men wore promised return  transportation . if the work    did  (Continued on Pago Two.]  cK.  m THE INDEPENDENT-  BA-TORDXa ���..���.,........July; 20, 1901;:  THE INDEPENDENT.   _>. _E_A__WHlil2Y Editor  HAiItKfY OOWAN Business Manager  drlnlking la the nasty little details of  the case, but innocent young girls were  there. No man who has a sister or  daughter would have eared to have  had them sit through the trial.  "POCaUDSHHD   WEEKLY  IN   THE   IN.  H-EHEST  OI" ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  ���TUB INIDBPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   K2   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B. C.  " Kveryono in Kovelstoke is in sym.  piithy with the striking trackmen."���  Mayor Brown.  THE C. P. R. STRIKE.  [Continued Irom l'age One.]  SUBSCRIPTIONS IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; threo  lonths. 3,~> cents; six  months, Co cents;  months, &"> cents  ono year, $L_i5,  EN'DOItSlOD HY THE ������TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. TIIK VANCOU  VER LAil'IOR PARTY AND Til i'l  ltUlLDIKU  TKAD13S COUNCIL.  When universities and colleges are  dependent ii'wu the continued exploitation of labor, it is foolish to expect  .students to he tanglit impartial investigation into MM'iul problem*.  We havn't got a copy ot Shaltcs-  ne.'ire , close at hand but we believe  there are lines in it that run something  like this: "Man, proud man; Dressed  in a little brief authority plays such  fantastic tricks before high heaven, as  make the angels weep." Do you see the  application, Mr. Hussey.  SATURDAY  .....Tilly 20,  10*11  A  HORSE  Of  ANOTHER   COLOR.  During the past week eight fishermen have been committed for trial to  .iinswer' nearly   all  the  crimes   in  the  criminal code.      Of    tlie    cases    and  the action of Magistrate Alexander in  <_ommitiiig  them  we have nothing to  say-at iprcsent." To do so might bring  ���ns within the pale o't the law lor contempt of court.   There is one feature.  however,   on   which   we  desire  to  remark.     Thut  is  the action  of  Judge  Martin, in .refusing ball to the six men  first'accused.   The opinion of an omi-  informed  us that the,question should  imformed us that the question should  resolve Itself in tlie mind of tlie judge:  "Can I so fix the responsibility as will  ensure the appearance of those men in  court when called upon."   Until a Jury  ;���   of their peers  pronounce them guilty  of the crime charged'they are supposed  to  he  innocent.   The evidence  so  far  does not appear to us to justily the  leceping of these men in jail.   A number of responsible men were prepared  to go on their bonds.  There was another   case,   however,  where different parties were concerned.  Our energetic provincial police (with a  strong list) may now search all and  sundry for firearm's, etc., etc.   On Sun-  ... day night a party of men were out in  ;. .ti sail boat on- the gulf.   They had no  ''������������ firearms nor wore they molesting anybody.   Notwithstanding this they were  ,   hauled up alongside the police tug find  their, boat and'persons searched.AVhen  these oflieious police -were brought before the court,the magistrate dismissed the case on the grounds that order  ...v., must .be maintained, .especially in view  ������'.��� of what had/already occurred on the  gulf.      Only a  few   days  before  this  samei.youth indignantly informed Mr.  Scnkler that -when he was sitting on/.a  case he dealt with the evidence of that  .case  and   had   no  knowledge  of   any  strike or anything else.   It depends on  ;    whose ox is gored.   Now in view of the  insolent .proposition of Chief Hussey to  '���'<search-everybody in court recently and  the latest judgment of'our learned (7)  magistrate, What are things coming to.  'Surely we had better .write Russia over  the face of the map of British Columbia.   But Russia might resent the, in-.  suit.' What is the effect of, this -latest  judgment?   If it is to be accepted as a  precedent then it may be assumed that  any man may be held up on the street  ',.",,   by these creatures and searched.   His  home may  be  invaded and  his house  ramsacked.   But what better may be  expected.   With such a government at  Victoria no man's liberty is safe.   At  the behest of the C. P. Ri,, tlie canners  _____or__any_p_iig_el.se jyjth_nioiiey a gang of  can be set on to do Just suclf  This paper didn't go into ecstucies  when "tiie sweater ot Homestead" offered to build the town a hew library,  but now that tlie council has accepted  the offer they should provide a site. If  they can get over* their little narrow  sectional jealousy ipossibly thoy. may  do so. When this Is done and the museum arranged a group photo of the  present council .might be added to the  collection.  tears of  A toast:  Here's    to    the  friendship.    May  they  chrystalize  as  they full an'd be worn as Jems In the  memory of those we love.        ,  The names of the subscribers to the  funds now being raised _to defray the  legal and other expenses ofthe 'fishermen now-incarcerated/will'-, appear next  week.  When C.P.R. "specials" and "scabs"  nre hauled up they .get bail, ,but it is  different with the fishermen. Isn't it  enough 'to .-crack the ���graven image of  "justice" (?) on the court house.  We would direct attention to the  letter of a "Friend of the Letter  Carriers." The assistant; postmaster  says that each.'man is entitled to a vacation of 4.4 days <a year. Then provision should be made so Ithat the carriers may Qiave their holidays. ������  not suit them, or that the real state of  affairs were misrepresented. When  they arrived and found the strike on,  they refused to work mid demanded to  be taken back east, but the request  was refused and they are now being  supported by the union.  WERE ALL JUGGED.  The Calgary Albertair says that  about the 2nd and 3rd of July the C. P.  R. sent olllelals over to Boston. Mass.,  to engage men lo work. They succeeded in contracting with about 50  Italians to come to British Columbia  and do section work, the company to  furnish transportation, etc. When the  men got ns far ns Revelstoke, they  were unloaded and ordered to work on  the truck, but they refused to do so,  having learned the true state of affairs. "Well," says the company, "we  have you here under contract, we'll  make you work." ButUhe Italians'  were game and stood their ground, and  finally, becoming tired of tlie beautiful  .scenery around Revelstoke, about 40 of  them boarded a train to try and get  home, and despite all efforts to'dislodge litem they stayed with it till Calgary was reached. Hero a scheme was  worked on the foreigners; word was  telegraphed ahead to make ���arrangement's to receive* the unruly passengers. A force of city and mounted police were stationed down near the bar-  rucks. Imagine, the surprise of the  poor fellows- when they saw the trap  laid for them; and the trap worked.  They wore all jugged.     ;���   "  .'  AN OFFENSIVE "SCAB" CON-  . , STABLE.  H.'IT. Logan, abridge carpenter was  arrested on Sunday night at North  Bend on the charge of obstructing a  C. P. R. constable in the preforninnee  of'his duty. Ho was admitted lo ball  In.the sum of ?50. On Monday Logan  appeared before the local justice Mr.  Lyons to answer to the charge. The  irrest had been liiade by .William  Young. He swore that on Sunday  evening Logan had interfered with him  whilst he was ordering an Italian  striker oft the platform. A number of  Witnesses were called including Fred  Crick, Ted" Harris, G'. D. Stoddart and  two Itaians, who had been -eyewitnesses of the affair, and were able to tes-  that  Logan had    not   interfered  The Newest Assortment in  Wash Dress Fabrics  are here In ereart array. And it la a  grand sight, for gathered here are the  best arcd imost stylish, (products of the  looms of England, Scotland, France  and Switzerland. To these ore added  ���the wash goods beauty of our own  lamd and the United States.  Our long experienced taste, has been  exercised in selecting the great atock  that is here for your inspection. The  demands of fashion (have been carefully met, and our showing is well worthy  of your attention.  Quality,: of course. Is the most important poiint, and it has received our  careful consideration. But beauty of  design and attractiveness of pattern  ���have also been oajretOully attended to,  ���an'd, as 'regards ithe matter of price,  you'll'Iind they are priced as we price  all our merchandise, with an eye to  your satisfaction.  A'islt our wash goods department  and got acquainted with. tb,e good  .things we tire offering.  vns  JU&sUPus ... . .       .  / 0  dwtjtvjvd; ir .  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  People are ibeing inconvenienced and  an-e dissatisfied,.with the way the provincial government' is monkeying .with  the appointment of a gold commissioner in this city. It. would, not cost  a cent extra in salary to make * Mr.  Skinner the officer.  | :   GEO. HAY   : $  >u     Vancouver's    rionccr    Clothes     A  ���     Kenovator, mnkes a suit new.       J  A. ,<��  Dyeing and Repairing. ^  Vancouver. JL  ;" TlI.K VaXCOUVKH IXDKl'EXDEXT 13 giving its readers some good stuff in its  publication of the address of Mr.' Wilson, K. C, before the Koyal Commission which investigated the Chinese  and Jap- labor question in British Columbia. It's an excellent thing and we  would like to have space at our disposal  to give it to'our readers, so thaV they  would the more readily understand the  strong opposition of our western broth  ersin this matter.���Toronto: Toiler.  liirolini;  work.  It used to be "the man with the, hoc.  Now it is the "man with the co-hoe."  There is only one way to reform the  Senate and that is to cut its wind���  the salary and railroad fare oft.  At the preliminary trial of Messrs.  Rogers and Dosplaiies, Mr. Roy Brown  was i_old;by the magistrate that he  must answer certain questions as to  the source of his information con  tained in Some of his newspaper articles. This is considered by newspaper men as "giving away office secrets," 'which Mr. Brown would certainly hot do even if he had to go to  jail for refusing to betray the confidence of'any one. ,:. But Mr. Brown,  only with the consent of Mr. Rogers,  answered the pertinent question.  THE SALMON AND THE SEAL.  Sir,���The     commencement     ot     securing    from  our  ers," "eTlireP^one-  of    these    products  seas and ri'.-  or���the=^otlier  for    purpose    of  The C. P. It. officials still continue  to send out their lying despatches.  "When they ascend to meet old , Peter  they will get such a set-back they will  think a trip-hammer struck them.  *We would suggest to the committee  who is going to receive the "Dook"  that they might get a picked body of  men from the C. P. R. specials and tlie  fishy specials and have them .sing  "Britons never shall be slives."  Until the C. P. R. strike is settled  accept nothing appearing In the daily  press under a telegraphic date as the  truth. From time to time small items  of truth are printed, but these are  oversights on the part of the censor,  and he is overworked, poor man.  "What a,morbid outfit human beings  are after all. When the defamation of  character' case was on before the as-  sizes last week the "standing room  only" sign was out It looked bad  enough to see men and women eagerly  industrial commerce, is lost in remote  history. But the gunrdllng cellhe sash  ownership Is of recent date, and with  respect to the .seal in tlie north Pacific  waters, tlie quarrel lias been practically settled by the adoption ot the  three-mile limit. Now the question of  ownership of Ihe salmon Is raised, and  that this matter needs settlement far  more than the seal question, Is beyond  any question, since the industry Is of  so much greater importance because It  concerns the food of tlie people, ' particularly the poorer  class, while the seal question is  one of clothing only, nnd only concerns  a "very few people who are the rich and  wealthy. Assuming the matter of  ownership of tlie salmon to have been  reached, and it was declared that the  people owned them, the government,  on behalf of the people, could then  talke the matter absolutely Into their  own hands, which should put a stoji to  the bad understanding which now exists between those who catch the fish  and those who cam them, as both parties would receive equal consideration  by the government. And the rich harvest of providence would be gathered  In proper: season, and would benefit  everybody concerned. SUNLIGHT.  Vancouver, July 19, 1S01.  tify     with' Young, any more than to quietly  remonstrate witli him for the very improper and unduly offensive manner in  which hft'iyas attempting to order an  Italian off. the station platform. William Ralph, another C. P. R. constable  plainly stated that in his opinion  Young was, exceeding his duty at the  time Logan, spoke to him:" The: case  was dismissed. ������::���;������'"������,:,  ���' The:;' Inland ' Sentinel says: This  man ': "Young : is * *a. .well-known  professional " scah." He did "scab"  work: at .the last fishermen's  strike, '"seabed" against the striking  stevedores,' and openly declares his intention of "scabing" whenever opportunity! 'permits. He is certainly unlit  for any. other occupation. ..None' the  less It is a disgrace; that.such* a man  should be entrusted with authority of  any-kind. On .Friday* night :last he  threatened to arrest a trainman for  laughing on the platform. As an onlooker remarked, "Just think of it, a  man now hasno guage his;countenance  on C. P. R.-property."  .' -;.;���-.    ALIEN  CONTRACTS.  The attention of the men: brought  into -British Columbia to take the  Places of the C. P. R. striking trackmen should 'he drawn to the fact that  the moment they set foot in this Province they become free to do as they  ���please, no matter whait contract they  'inay have previously: signed with the  company. :,;: "���'.[������'.  Section 3 ofthe Master and. Servant  Act, IS!)!), says: ;  "Any agreement or bargain, verbal  or. written,,expr.essor implied, ���which  may be made 'between any person and  any other iperson not a. resident of  British Columbia, for/the: performance  of labor, or service, or having reference to tlie performance-of labor or  service hy.; such cither iperson in the  Province of British Columbia, and  made as aforesaid, prelv.ious to the migration or coming into British Columbia of such other person whose labor  or service is contracted for, shall be  av.oid^and=_t>_f___no-eftect..as..against the  iperson only so migrating or coming."*  THE DANCE AND CONCERT.  One of. the Ibest entertainments ever,  given in this city was hold on Thursday evening by the Brotherhood ot  Trainmen in the City 'Hall. The hall  was paoked. George Bartley was  chairman. Those taking . part wore  Cope's Band, Messrs, Cornwell, Walker, Colllster, McColl, Jenklnson, Grant,  Hunt, Boyer, Robb, Alex. Smith. R.  B. Brown, and Misses Ireton and  Ormsby. Space prevents us Individualizing.' Those Unking ipart were all encored which they deserved to be. The  big hall .was too crowded at the dance  'but 'nevertheless all wore delighted.  The committee (Mr. D. Creed, chairman) desenves the highest ipralse for  the way they arrange things., ���'  PLENTY OF MONEY.  Talking to one of the C. P. R. strikers yesterday a prominent preacher  asked him why'de didn't go to work.  The company were good to their men  and offered the best of wages.  "We went on strike . for higher  wages," said.-, the section man.  "How much .-did you get?" asked the  clergyman.  "Dollar thirty-five."  "One,dollar and thirty-five cents.a  day. Is not that good pay? I remember the day ���when I. could not get that  much.1 "What In the world do you��do  with your money?" ,'���" ��� * \. ;  ���"Now. (between ypu, ine and the gatepost," said .the ��� striker/ 'TH tell yoii.  After I pay:imy monthly dues, suh-  BCrfpttottS ���to. The Independent, buy  ���wood,"'pay rent/;, grocers' bill, clothes;  jflive to the poor, etc.,;"etc., you know,  Cigar and Tobacco  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.  Hotels.  o  o  , MAKES A SPRCIALTY OF . .  Dewar's special Liqueur, oiso  From Tlielr Knnnlmo, feouthdeld and  Protection Island ''olllories,  Steam,  (sas  and  House Coal  OI the Following Guides:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of the Mine,  Washed Nut ond!  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. EOBINS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver Cltj-, B. 0.  '   ��� LARGE STOCK OF-  IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props,  COBNKR COKDOVA AND CAHBALL.  why, I put what's left in the 'bank for  a rainy day."  "And for the churoTi, of course," added Uie, reverend gentleman.  yiyiyy ���'���IT'S;A;GRM.;��   ;'���'���-.  By. an accident, or lniiyluip, according  to up-to-dato pu'rliiiice, it "dirty Irish  trick," the following gem, evidently addressed to some';'. liighvi C.T,. R.  ollicial, came into our hands..  Cache Cheek, July .17,1901.  My Dear Marifih Doostiy���Enthuse  once more! Put on the mantle of dear  departed Byron and "skit hard and fust"  to the downfall 'of the railroad aristocrat! Warm up again, old girl, and  keep your (ist in! If not spliced, don't  delay. This might affect your lively  imagery for a brief period���if you are  .not^too^ldJojippreci^eJJieJjgjt^oLail  Arlington  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for tho engineering trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^-"-*---^  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms Irom SO cents up.  ROBT. HINTLY,   -   -   PROP  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TKADES AND XiABOB.  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, , John, Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 150; financial secretary, XV. 3. Beer; treasurer, J: Pdarey;  statistician, G. Whito; sergeant-at-arma,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary. J.  Morton. Mooting���First and third Friday  in''each" month, at 7.30 p. m., In Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streots.  COOKS, WAITERS AND ���WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. 28.'.'President, Chas.  Over; vice-president, W.W. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer, Wm. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.30 p. m. ln Union Hall, corner Homer  and Dunsmulr streets.  Seymour Streeet,  VANCOU'R aiYPOGRAPIHCAL UNION��  No 226 meet the last Sunday In eaoli  month at; Union, hall. President, C.S.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box 65;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew 'Stuart; executive committee, E.  L. WoodTiifl', S. H. Uobb, J. H. Browne  N. Williams; delegates to Trades ana  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Eobt. Todd,  J.  H.  Browne.  STREET ; RAILWAY MEN'S (UNION���  Meets second and fourth Wednesday, of,  each month, In Sutherland Hall, corner:  Westminster avenuo and .Hastings street-,  at S p. m. President,'G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett;:' secretary,",:/,'A. :. G.  Perir; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F., C. O'iBrien; delegates . to-  Trades and I*ihor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and.  J.  Howes.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday dn Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. MoKen-  zle, -IS" :Ninth avenue; vlce-prtesidont,.  Hush Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Coflln, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. ,S. Falconiir; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jos. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson. -   ,  THE "RETAIL'CLERKS'. . INTBRNAT-  10NAL PROTECTIVE ASSOCIATION  meets In O'Brien's Hall,'���; the first and  third Tuesdays of each 311011th. T. .A.  Phillip,' president; N. J. Orr, secretary,  2,022  Westminster Avenue.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General ���=*-*-  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  520 cobdova St. W., Vancouver, B.'C. Tkl. 76  Patentee!)-and designers ofthe Hurdle-  Thompson water tube boiler, new hijth  speed reversing engines, and special  machinery in light sections for mines.  Propellers designed, exoinks Indicated and  Adjusted.  Sole agents In It. C.and N. W. Territories tor  the United FI exiblo Motalllc Tubing Co., Ltd  London, Eng.  TEXADA MINERS' UNION. No. 113, XV.  F. M., meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  iu Foresters' hall, Van Anda, President;  R. Altken; vice-president, C. A; Mclvillo;  secretary, A. Rapor, Vun Anda, B. C.^  treasurer, -H. V. Price; ' conductor, P.  Burt; warden, John Llnklnter.  INTERNATIONAL " A.SSOCIATION OF  MAOHINIBTS���Beaver Lodge,: No. 1S2���,  Meets second and fouriai Wednesday in,  each month ; in Union ', Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding secrotary, E.  TImmlns, 726 Hamilton street; flnandlali  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour;  street.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  good things in this world, a husband I  But don't'.'despair, even if n littlo'old  tough, and. bearing such n plohoian  Christian name. Oh Jlariah! get thee  to a " Kiill Ton "and be satislied.  "Thoy wero Dorn beneath the.British  dag"���but not so, Mariali! They he  nearly all Italians���or" Hytalians," as  Jerry would say (try rhyme on that pro  nuiiciation Mariah!) "und bom under  the .sunny clime of old Italia! Ninety  per cent., murk." Fancy your doggerel  appealing to and melting the hearts of  nn illiterate degenerative Dago ��� the  men that the silly, uiithouglitful, Len  non, .chairman of tho truckmen's com  mee-tee, claused and 'likened unto the  heathen Chinese I Fie, Marinh. "Britons never will be slaves." Poor old  girl, someone has "pulled your leg,"  stocking, garter nnd sill, nnd exposed you  to deserved ridicule. Fancy the broad  grin on tho facu of the old timera���  engineers, firemen, and oven Andy  DouglaB, hardened sinner tho' he be,  when they rend -" BritonB never, never  shall be slaves." "They are free born  Britons and they live, etc." Go to,  thou foolish old maid and devote thyself to better pursuits; but if the spirit  moves thee once again try and compose,  first thy feelings, and then a Screed to  the " Lament of on old female journa  list."  Cache Creek Jerry.  3am Nesbitt Manager.  A  Splendid  List of  Specialties  Next Week.  The Rendezvous  The best Lunch Counter in town.  Short Orders the Rule of the House  All the latest delicacies of the season.  Picnic, Fishing, Shooting and Boating  Lunches put up on shortest notice,  All kinds of Shell Fish on hand.  620 Hastings Street West  ��Sp"Give us a call.  JOUniONYMEN TAILORS' UNION : OP*  AMERICA, No. ITS���Meets alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President, P. Williams; vtce^iresident, Miss-  Graham; recordinK secretnTj-, H. O. Bur-  ritt; ilnancial secretary, Tremalne Best;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Dacust.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,.  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall, Homor-  streot, every first and third Saturday In,  each month at S p. m. Ernest Burn, president; Chas. Durham, secrotary, S47 Harris street.  JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' AND CON-  iEEOTlONERS' TNTERNA'L Union of*  America, Local, No. 40; Vancouver, B. C.  President, Jas. Wobster; vice-president,  R. F. McDonald; recording secretary^;)  Wm. H. Barnes; corresponding secretary;^  F. Rawllng,'MO Granville street, room 10;  financial secrotary, C, J. Salter, 413 Powell-  street; treasurer, W. Wood; master-at-  arms, F. Moylcs; delegates to Trades and'  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling.  AMALGAMATED SOCTETY , OF CAR-  PENTEltS ft JOINERS, Vancouver, lit  branch, meets overy alternate Tuesday,  In room No. 2. Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidson; secrotary, J. T. Bruce, 523 Harris   streot.  CIGARMAKBRS ' UNION, NO. lif."������  Meets the first Tuesday in each month  In Union hall. Freflidont, A. Kochel; vlco-  niesldent, C. Crowder; secretary, G.  Thomas, Jr., 148 Cordova street west;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms. J. W. Brat; dologates to Trades'  and Labor Council, J. Crow, F. Jost, A.  Kochel.  NOTICE.  NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT AT THE  next regular sitting ol the Board of License  Commissioners for tho City of Vancouver, I  shall apply for a transfer of the Hotel Llcenso  lor the premises situated on Lot 16, Block 6 Subdivision ot District Lot O.G-T./known: as tho  Union Hotel in the said City of Vancouver, to  Justus Swe'naon.  (Signed.) ALEXGARD.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND-  DECORATOI^S, Local Union No. 138.  Moots every Thursday ln Labor hall. Preceptor,W. Davis; president, W. Pavier;  vice-president, E. Crush; recording-secretary, C. Plnder, 1759'Eighth avenue, Fair-  view: financial secrotary, W. Halllday,.  Elesmcro House; treasurer, H. MioSor-  ley; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross and W.  Cole.  THE PACIFIC COAST. SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p.: mi in Union hall, corner: Dunsmulr and Homer ���  streets. J. Stoney, vice-president; R: J.  Neary, secretary; Cedar Cove, P. O., Vancouver. Visiting 'brethren Invited to attend. ,  Why do you cough when ������BIG*1  COUGH CURE " wHI cure you.  S_W_aiii3Bi_WWM.',^��_��slgWI_^^ BATUKDA.Y ���..��..,....>.JuTy; SO, HiWJi  THE INDEPENDENT.  j ^������������������������O ��������������������������������������������������� ��� ������������������������������������������������.,���������������������  >. ��� ��� OJLX. X iri ��� �� . 0  SEMI-ANNUAL CLEARING 8AU  tj^l^pg^Qggf|0^B________M_.MHiBM^V0Bn^B>_____MMHSQB________H  STRONGER,   MORE  IMPRESSIVE,  MORE  POWERFUL  BY  EAR  THAN  ITS  PREDECESSORS.  Each department throughout the entire store  contributes its full quota' of  Bargains.   The great price reducing influence is felt throughout the five floors u  of this mammoth store from basement to top storey.   The sale includes every  thing in  Dry Goods, Boots and Shoes, Men's and Boys' Clothing,  Furniture, Carpets and Linoleums,  Draperies and House Furnishings,  Millinery, Ladies' Mantles and Ready-Made Garments.  SALE BEGINS SATURDAY MORNING AT 8:30 O'CLOCK.  Full particulars in daily newspapers.   Watch for them.  The Orcat  Stores of  The Orcat  West  Hudson's Bay Stores  Corner  Granville and  Georgia Sts.  .  !�������������������������� .��0���� ����������������� ������������������ ��������������������������.  FAIRVIEW.  IThk Independent Marconi Special Correspondence]  Fuirview is a suburb ol tlie city ot Vnncouvcr. Residents in it, nnd those having husl  \ 'ess to transact there, usually reach that "favored s,pot" hy crossing the bridges which spun  False creek and connect tliu north uud south  i_ho.es of that lovely (at high tide) expanse of  water. These are, of couise, considered the  most direct routes.  But tln'ro are others. For instance, one may  go by trnmenr to Now Westminster, thence by  Rtcumer to Steveston, and from that Japanese  settlement by stagecoach to Falrvlew. This  would be a delightful outing for those having  Ihe time hanging heavy on their hands; and it  lb maintained by responsible residents in the  suburb that this Is tho way travelled by aliler-  jucn and oilier civic oflleials when any im<  provcroents arc required to bo performed ln  that part of ward one contained within its  bounds.  . Fairvlow contains both lowland (naturally)  ���and highland (naturally and artificially). It  is noted for, among "other things, ltu stumps  ��nd weeds. It raises somo splendid vegetables,  many, curs and a few bad boys; and its pel-  icnial crop of tittle-tattle Is beyond compare.  <tls Improvement Club has been inaugurated  lo raise Cain.)  Its industries are not yet varied, still wc arc  a progressive people oyer here.   A sawmill,  manned almost entirely hy little brown me   monkeys, is in operation. The mill is knoun  im the pioneer industry of Falrvicw; yet it has  the unenviable notoriety of having paid thous-  ainds of dollars iu wages to Mongolians that  should have.becn given to Caucasians. Rumor  Jius it that the proprietor of this institution  litti no use for wliitc'men -cannot trust them.  Wc over here should not be a bit surprised if  lie threw himself into tliu creek one of these  dn>s, just to demonstrate his consistency.  Thcro is also on the crceksidc a small boatbuilding affair, run by the same sort of simians.  Were it deserving of mention, I should say lt  ought to have Its wings clipped, so that it  might not cause future trouble; but I shall  treat it with silent contempt.  We have several stores on the hill���in wlilch  no Japs aru employed.  An alderman lives in Kairview. Ho is said to  lie full fledged; but I have never seen him (ull,  so cannot verify the statement. That he Is  Hedged enough to "shift" for himself is a fuel.  It is noticeable that while tho West Iind has  its Stanley park, the East End Its racetrack,  mid Mount Pleasant its tidetlats, Falrvicw  young sports must "hide tholr diminished  heads" in the willow and other underbrush  while enjoying nn evening game of baseball.  Hut if wu cannot have a recreation ground, our  civic pawpaws might do worse than agitate to  hove thai defunct licensed music hall resuscitated, aiid suggest that some one erect a suit-  ablc .building_say_ on Ninety-ninth avenue.  This would be a good locatiouTunil might prob--  ubly bo tho moans ot teaching somo ofthe  "smart youth" of the neighborhood how to  shoot���schoonera of beer.  I obsorvo a reformatory is to be built some-  whero out Dy Jericho. This will undoubtedly  boa good opportunity to allow the boys incarcerated there to tarry until their beard . are  grown/J. (SeeS Sain. x:8.) Iiut why, oh why  did not Aid. siePhnldeit of woman's ward fume  ask to have that institution set up iu ward  three?:"       *;::;-'; '.  An enterprising resident is at present inter,  cutcd in a somewhat novel experiment. Having taken note of tho exceeding fertility oi the  soil with which the province Is endowed, nnd  thu luxuriant growth of magnificent timber  which it produces, he luti selected with great  care, and alter due Inspection forcodlln moth,  cutworm and the like, many lusty specimens  of the genus Cnlciis arvcnsls (vulgarly known  aa Canada thistle; uot tliu Scotch thistle, as  somo erroneously ^suppose it to be). These it is  bis intention to plant and cultivate us shade  trees; and his-eccentricity Is more than encouraged by the Immense size attained by such  specimens of this extremely rare plant as have  been discovered in tbe vicinity.  " lly thinking on fantastic summer's heat," a  number of tbe giddy girlies have appeared in  very gaudy attire���evidently to create the impression that they could fortcll the  weather  much better than "old Frobs."   One of these  drygoods advertisements on the hill the other  day suggested these rhyinelets:  Hor skirt, trimmed with daintiost gulmpe,   c  Jnst short enough not to be akulmpc,  Displayed her neat feet  Arrayed in smart beet  tit a size that induced her to luimpe.  one that took the oven nnd the whole baking:  Why would ono Infer that n seamstress and n  teamster are very undecided persons? Ono  "hems," and thu other "haws." .,  Aoam Anton.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  THIS PIG liOUKGKOIS.    '  To the Editor of Tub Independent:  Sin,���Following is an extract from the  correspondence columns of tlie Victoria  (Ii. C.) Daily Colonist, a rank capitalist  organ, and my reply to same. Heedless  to say the publishers of said paper did  not consider my reply worthy of their  notice.  Aixx. TjAno,  Section Vancouver S. L. P.  Vancouver, July 17,1001.  [From The Colonist.]  It is gratifying to discover at last ono work-  insman w Ith enough common sense to observe  that the children of mechanics and latorcrsaro  getting, nonndnys, altogether too much education for their own good. And your correspondent  " Mechanic" hiti the nail on the head where  ho points out that these children very soon  grow up to be young men and women, who,  by reason of tiie superior educational facilities  afforded them, begin to fancy themselves  quite ns good as their betters. In explanation  of my intended vote on the high school loan  hy-lau, I give the following reasons.  1. My ehllilien don't attend the public  schools at all. Their early cducathn is ob.  tained at private schools, and when they arc  old enough, I am compelled to pay lunvy fees  to enable them to bu educated amongst other  gentlemen's children In Eastern Cuuadn, in  England, and ou the Continent, 'lhcn why-  should I be compelled to pay douLle, or, in  other words, why should I contribute toward  the education ol tho children of other people?  2. Free higher education Is a grand mistake  By our unfortunate school system we arugradu.  ally making Jack as good as his master, and  narrowing the gap between the real aristocracy  and the common people. So lhat If wc en.  courage the children of mechanics ami laborers  much more, wc will in lime have thum aspiring  io 1111 all those positions which now wc have  reserved for oui own. They will want to become bank clerks aud lnw>ers aud doctors and  clergymen ami piofussors, and thus we will be  encouraging a system of competition which  will deprive our own llesli and blued ofthe  only avenues open to them, nnd for which, by  reason ol their birlh anil social standing they  aru peculiarly lilted.  it. Education encourages agitation for improvement. The more wc do for the masses,  the mure me w ill DC asked to do. Give them a  decent high school today, uud tomonow they  will want a university. II w chad never taught  the children of tliu inutses to read and writu,  wu would havu-uo inilustrialdisturhancossuch  as we have been experiencing. The little  learning they have obtained has niiido them  discontented with their position In life and  they want to advance, with the result that tho  more they got, the more they want���which is'  another radical mistake.  For thoabovu and other reasons, I Intend, on  Monday next to vote for thu h>-law.  Gio. A. Stkwakt I'otts,  Victoria II. IJ. June 20,11X11,  A lteply to Mr. I'otts.  l.ililor DaMy Colonist:  Silt,���As your paper is published in the interest ol a party which claims to bu a working-  man's party, will you kindly allow space lu  your columns ioi the following teller which Is  a reply to a communication from lie". A. Stewart i'otts, of Victoria, re the high school loan  by-law, which appeared ln the Daily Colonist,  such bombastic vaporing! about thusupcriorlt)  uf his caste might pass all right 111 Britain,  whure the limjority of the pcoplu aru of such a  by reasons of the superior educational facilities afforded thorn, these children, when thoy  grow up, begin to fancy themselves quite us  good as their "betters." Now I would like to  ask, who has the right to the superior facilities  referred to ? Is it tlie children of those who do  no useful work, but livo by exploiting labor  under the prolit system. Or is it the children  of those who produce nil wealth, who build the  schools, print the text-books, and iurhlshtbe  best material for teachers and professors? I  think the latter. Besides, if they arc ns well  qualified for the more genteel work as their  betters, why should they uot have equal opportunities to apply their talent? I would also  like to ask where ull our famous men hnve  come from, our inventors, poets, artists, musicians, statesmen aud philosophers? Was it  from the ranks nf the real aristocracy, or the  shabby genteel class of snobs who can only ape  aristocracy, or did they rlso against mighty  odds from tho ranks of the downtrodden aud  despised working ciasB ? 1 should also like to  haveadelluition ofthe word "belters," my  idea being that the most useful of two persons  is the bettor of the two. Your aristocratic  correspundcut regrets tbat by our school system wc arc making Jack as good us his master,  although he iurnislres no reason why Jack may  not bo better than his mnster. We ure nl*o  nnrrowlng the gap between the real arlstocrncy  and the common people. Ileal aristocracy for.  sooth I I have always understood that they  arc nothing but idle parasites, and legalized  thieves, who hold possession of what they  morally havo no right to, their only security  being tho ignorance of the "common people.1  The real aristocracy make no prutencc of condescending to do useful work, so that if there  should be any virtue in real aristocracy, 1 am  sure that your correspondent can lay claim to  none of it.  Thu workingclass of tho twentieth century  have no aspirations to 1111 the professions referred to, but to overthrow thepreseut capitalist system, nnd establish the socialist republic,  in which every person will have equal opportunities, where every worker will have the iull  product of his labor, and in which, bankers,  lawyers, clergymen, and all the other parasitic  elements of capitalism will have forever become unknown.  Alex. Lam,  1311 Cordova Street East.  Vancouver, B. C. June 29,1901.  should always be treated asstepchildren.  Mount Pleasant has tramcars somo  seven or eight minutes apart; and  surely, if twenty minutes is to continue  the time of the service across Granville  street bridge, some slight concecsion in  the shape of better >cnrs ought to be  granted to the people in the growing  suburb contiguous to Kitsiluno, alias  Greer's bench. Passenger traflic has  increased so much of lute that it is like  heaping insult upon injury to retain the  rattletraps on the run that now give the  residents "accommodation (?)."  All the people south of False creek  and west of Westminster avenue know  Mr. liuntzen to be a capable manager of  thu electric company, therefore a word  to tha wise should be sullicient.  SUN NOVA GUNX.  l'airview. July li), 1901.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   O. Ellis.  If you want a really good rye whisky  at a low price, our 50c rye is it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 7-lfi Pender street.  Tho Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   nt   tho   corner  ot Carrall and Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the best, and the prices 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents.  TVhen you want to hire a. flrst-class  horse and bueey, bo to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  The Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrall and  Hastings streets. Tho bottled goods are  all lirst-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Eainier beer, 5 cents.  SALVATION AXD SOCIALISM.  The other night at the comer of Carrall and Cordova streets members of the  Salvation Army were telling how they  were "saved" and how gloriously happy  they were; that the only real happiness  in this world was true salvation of  the Lord; that if everyone joined the  army tney would experience the same  delightful and comfortable state of mind  and body; that it would be a boon to  the uplifting of humanity from degradation if the lowly and downdroddon wero  to join in the ranks of the Army; that  nobody but the devil's elect thought  differently, and that, they would be  prayed for so they may see tho light and  the errors of their ways, come forward  and be Salvationists.   Nobody came.  On the opposite corner a socialist lecturer was telling what unbounded faith  he had in the workingman becoming  " class conscious," and that was their  only, hope of being raised from their  present position of wage slavery and  misery. The speaker told them also  that they were the "tools" of capitalists  and that their ignorance was deplorable to contemplate; that tlieir only  show of redemption 'from their pitiable  position was to become socialists.  " Socialism was not a theory. It was a  a fact," said the speaker, "and I defy  anyone to come forward and dispute  what I say���cither preachers, lawyers,  professors or any other class of fakirs."  No one came forward.  How great must be our institutions of  learning. All think they are "saved"  and free from fakirism. We arc a wonderful people.  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  Turner, Beeton if* Co.  Wholesale Aiienta  VANCOUVBR, VICTORIA, NELSON, B. C.  P. O. BOX 296.  'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  WlIOMISAI.E   AG1.XTS FOR  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  MONOGRAM, MARGUERITA,      *    BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUST1LLO,  EL CONDOR, SARANTIZADOS, SCHILLER,  Corner Aloxandcr Street anil Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  mM��__E>Mgg��IJMI��Bk-^  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.       {{uiGquAj^  Th* " King Quality " Shew hat been midtd tlie Gold 1  ���the highest award at the Parii Exposition.. All pood* tt��m|i*d  UNIOU LABEU Bo inn that " King Quality* is brandad ob jom iltfaa, .  m��ui perfaot|3atlifaet_on_  Made by THE J. D. KING CO., Limited. Toronto. J^2  Try a bottle of Eisen Port, the sunshine of California, SOc bottle, at Gold  Seal Liquor Co., 746 Pender street.  , Telophono 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palaco livery  stables.   Blue Ribbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by whito men���are you drinking it 7  A BETTER SERVICE.  To tiie Editor ot Tine Independent:  Silt,���Some two months age, or just  after the repairs to the street railway  track on Fnimow had commenced, a  rather persistent rumor kept ringing the  changes to the effect that when the  restoration had been completed two  larger cars, in addition to Xo. 4(i now  running, would lie put on the route.  The number of these two cars���14 and  48���wero also given.  Uniting Miners' Forces.  I received mi opportunity to address the  western miners ou May 31, at which time 1  started with a discussion of the dillictiltic3  which were facing the miners and which they  would have to contend wilh in the near future.  The Chinese nnd Japanese invasion of the  mines; the Mcxlean peon from the south, and  the loner class of European labor from the  cast; also ihe so-called contract system mis  being introduced, i\ Inch would gradually but  surely bring don n the wages of the western  minor to those of his brother in the east, I explained to them that the east aud west, north  and south were all worklug for practically the  same employers, and the employers were only  wanting this prejudice of the west against the  cast lo coutiiuie so that they might be able to  crush the western organization out of existence, aud that they were fully awure of the  weakness of the western men as loug us they  were standing alone.  I appealed to them to Join the American  Federation of Labor us the only logical solutlou  of that prol)leiu,_BS_wu_ Iind WiicreeiitoUhe^  Oreenlees Brothers.  LORNE, RARE OLD and  Ci. B. LIQUEUR WHBSKItES  Are now asked for in Preference  to ani) other brand.  J.   K.  Telephone   899.  MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Arcade   Vaults, .Cambie < Street.  VANCOUVER  Street Fair & Carnival  August 5, 6, 7. S, 9,10,1901.  EXECUTIVE   COMMITTEE.  "W. C. NICHOL, ESQ.. Chairman. XV. H. QUANN*. ESQ.  J.  BUNTZEN,  ESQ.  F. BUSCOMBE, ESQ.  *W. H. LUCAS, ESQ.  E. J.  jUCFEELY, ESQ.  r. Mclennan, esq.  I      ���  I IT  ���  OI. S. ROSE, ESQ.  WM. HODSON, ESQ. *p, .'  S. D. NESBITT, ESQ. |Vj$;  CAPTAIN D. McPHAIDEN,    15:  A. SMITIJ, ESQ, liiJ^j  The executive committee -will be pleased to receive amplications from io-<  cal, provincial and other nierchnnts for booth space at the forthcoming great  Street Fair and Carnival. Booth space will be allotted as follows: Frontase.  $1.01) per foot, depth of all booths 10 feet. Plans may be seen at the Committee's Headquarters, Fairfield block Grandvllle street. All applications to  be made in writing to  W. H. LUCAS, ESQ.,  Secretary V. S. F. and JC,  locals not having national organi/ation are  under its folds, hence proving that this is a  pivot upon which tlio whole labor movement  can center itself for its Until emancipation,���  Kobert Askew in Federation ist.  ���Pay up your subssrlptlon to the Independent, lit d-oes not cost you much  and you should not hesltato about giving your support readily to a labor paper.  ROYAL   HOTEL  Near to All Steamboat Wharves and  Hallway Depots.  136 WATER ST.    -     -     VANCOUVER, B. C  Everything new and up-to-date. Electric  Light throughout. Hates, *1 to ti a day  Special rates for the week or niontli.  HOPRIRK, SPEXCE ft CO.  THERE IS  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IS  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  A'egetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  the aristocratic parasites as their benefactors;  but uot so ill America. Your correspondent  says It Is gratifying to discover one working-  man who litis common seuso enough to observe  tbnt the children of our mechanics and laborers are getting too much education for their  own good. II he relero to tho Kmpire day  patriotic slush, and "Uod Save the King',  superstition, Ihut tbe children are taught. I  quite agrue with him. But 1 supposo ho means  that instead of teaching the children anything  that would increase tho intellect, or tend  toward their economic emancipation, lt would  be better to teach them how to produce more  wealth (or tbo capitalists to exploit, to be  meek and fawning to their " superiors," to  At a party tho otber evening conundrums I -work late and early and be contented ��ith any  rem a part ot the programme  Here ia tho j kind of treatment.. Ue laments the fact that  Now it iH u fact thnt Fuirview is the  meulal disposition, that ihey still accept the I only juirt of tho city Unit docs not re-  old in Uncles ol the feudal age, uud look up to  ceivu its duo slinre of attention, either  municipal or otheswiae; cite why was  the Improvement Club of thnt ilk instituted ? It is also well known that the  street railway jicople nro not compelled  to better the tram Bervicc���in point of  time���to that part of the city (at least  this argument has been brought forward more than once); but from the  standpoint of fair play it can hardly be  right that  the  residents  of Fab-view  For stomach trouble of any kind take  Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets.   They cure  RIRIH.  1'IIILP���On Tuesday, July 0, W01, tho wife of  Ulias. S. i'lillp,    l'��lcvcuth   avenue,   Mount  l'leHBiiut, of a son.  Telephone 651.  Western Cartage Co  W. A. McDonald  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons for all Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN fOR WOOD AND COAL  Oflksi 314 Cambie Street.  or you get your money book.  GOc box.     '   .. -���_:.���.  McDowell. Atldns. Watson Oo.    . worul CUTm9'  A recent cough or cold that ��' BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  18. brk m to.  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  PACIPiC  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points In Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBA1Z?  CItOSSING THE CONTINENT.  KA1I.IN0S FOR JAPAN AXD CHINA.  Emprc." of China July Sth  Kui)tri^s of India July 29th  Empress uf Japan JunoXTti.  and every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING TOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Moana MaySlBt,  Miuwera June 28th.  Aoinngl July 26th  aud every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars aa to timo rates etft.  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATBB,  A.Q.P.A. Ticket Agont,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St,  Vaneouvei, B.O.  *.:&;���.".    *,���.���.'-Jv,':- , ���">, v_." "'i..' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY   .........July 20, IMU  111  I 'I'  it:  LABOR l.\ RUSSIA.  Tho statements -here sot forth tiro  taken from an article by Dr, ICiuit  Wichsell. professor of polltlull economy at the University of Upsula. This  Is what 'tills man of science has to tell  , us about Russian factory workmen in  the country districts: Jn summer t.liey  pass ithe nltflit In tlie open air, outslile  tlio faotoiics, and In winter thoy sleep  ln the same rooms in wlilch lliey are  working durliiK the day, or loilse Willi  the nearest jioiisiint, or in barracks  erected for tlielr accommodation. Tlie  German author, Jansclmll, reports  cases where weavers sleep on their  weaving, looms, cotton spinners content  themselves with the printing boards  di'iinping witli dye, ami women Kilk-  veavers rest on the iloor of their  weaving hall. In certain chocolalo factories the girls pass their nights on  the same 'table on which during the  day they prepare the confectionery.  In the workshop of tatiners and gloyt-  mukers, which also serve"lis"bedrooms,  the visitor Is met by an -air like that  of a badily ventilated ainailonileal Jiall.  As ti general rule, se.perate dining  rooms are unknown, and often no regular meal time is observed. The laborer carries with him Ills food, almost without exception consisting of  blaiik bread, and lives on this fare all  ithe week through. As a set-off, workmen of this kind arc constantly changing employers, which compels the factories to keep in their pay almost  thrice as many men as would ordinarily be. required,'-and even 'then it Is  not always  easy" to   keep  a sullicient  .���number of .hands together.  TJie next stage ils reached when tli'!  workmen, as usual, has his proper  home somewhere in ,Llie country, but  the factory, where (lie 'is to earn his  living lies too far away for 'him to return there during the working season,  which .usually lasts half, a year art. a  Dime, with a considerable break at  .Easter and harvest time. Generally,  workers from: more distant parts are  preferred, as being less disposed or  tempted to leave work; besides, the  people 'from -the 'northern provinces are  habillulvlly accustomed.. to: wander  south in search of temporary work.  The usual form for these periodical migrations is the guild, a sort of ambu-  . lating trade union, consisting of both  producers and consumers, undertaking  certain works for common profit. The  guild or artel is, as is now supposed,  only a, comparatively modern form of  the old Slavonic 'house community or  great family,which existed before tilie  village or.mlr, and, as a matter of fact,  has continued down to ithe present day.  In the north of Russia. The. house  community did not always rest upon  blood relationship. It could also adopt  strangers, and, like tlie artel, was not  .under the leadership of the eldest  .member, bull of the strongest and most  . capable. In- our own days the .character of these -Wandering unions of laborers has so far changed that the  former elder or 'leader has' become a  quasi contractor. As a middleman, he  undertakes to supply the,.factory with  a certain number  of  workmen  for  a  'fixed sum of money,:'ami engages the  men, 'usually with the aid of liquors,  without their .-'ever knowing wihUiher  they .will be dispatched.  On arriving at the factory, the hands  are lodged tin.some of -those barracks  .wllnich' are typical of 'Industrial establishments   in   Russia., Thoy   sleep   In  .'common"wards,-mostly on boards covered wllth sheepskins, .but sometimes  ���rags or old 'bags.are used for this end.  The food, though generally '���' of the'  simplest kind,-and almost without exception Vegetarian, Ha, ���'��� on ��� tihe-whole,  'meted out .rather liberally. Cleanliness  is but little . observed,-, and instances  are told when the large kettle is used  alternately, for eooltlng  the food and  ���'. washing the linen.  .Almost   all the   men   are   married���  early    marriage  .being     the    custom  'among the.Russian peasantry���but the  : wives are le0t In. the parental home cf  .the 'husband's where the faitlier-ln-law,  according to the barbaric custom or  usage still in force can claim conjugal  nights with 'his daughter-in-law. Where  there are women and children they  sometimes form' separate guilds . hut  more often all the workers have to  sleep together, without distinction of  ago or sex, in :the siune room, closely  packed  together,  either for    want   of  ; space or to iproteet themselves from the  cold. If 'the work Is curried on by two  sliM'lM, day and night, tiie sleeplng-  laira of these people havo not even  time to cool before they are agiijii occupied, nor Is there any chance of even  cleaning tlhem.  Another feature In these sad conditions may, though trtvilal In itself bo  noticed as characteristic of tlie low  moral state of t'he laboring class. Tho  author relates how-ihe, - iai    company  ..wltih -the proprietor of one of the best  known factories In Moscow, had, an  opportunity of peeping into;: .a. large  common water closet,-.with .no partition whatever, and used simultaneously ;by some slxty: or seventy .persons of  ���both 'sexes.   The .place evidently/also.  served as a general smoking and conversation room, where all were talking,  joking and laughing. They would  spend there not less than halt an hour,  remarked the proprietor, and this habit had compelled him to keep several  dozens of extra hands in order to get  through the usual work. Often these  closets also serve as play-grounds for  thu children, and only in a very few  instances were they arranged and kept  with any thing like decency.;;  A it hlni and more favored singe In  the condition of Russian labor is met  with In some modern factories In Central Russia, where the workmen in  some respects are Hearing the European type of a permanently settled  working population. An indcspcnsible  condition to this Is, however, that the  wives also got employment in the factory, which, considering the slate of  things, In .Russia, denotes a decided advance in social conditions.  POINTED PARS.  (To be continued next week.)  I'link Uod Cross .l?t.er,_Ufo beer that's  Sure, 75c pints, $1.00 doz. quarts.,. Gold  peal Liquor Co., 7-l(i render street.  TJJJ5 SCAJl.  In England the character of tliu scab  lias been sharply ilelincd. Jt is reported  that at a conspiracy trial the prosecution counsel gave tlio following definition  of a seal): .A scab is to his trade wliat. a  traitor is to his country, and though  both may be useful in troublesome  times, they are ilelosted when pence returns, aiike by all. So when help is  needed a scab is' tlio lust to contribute  assistance and the lirst to grasp a benefit he never labored to procure; be cares  only for himself, he. sees not beyond the  extent of a dny, and for monetary and  'worthless approbation ho would betray  friends, family and country; in short, he  is'a traitor on a . small fe'cale, who lirst  sells the journeyman, and is himself afterwards sold in his turn by his employer, until athist.be is despised-by both  and deserted liy all., lie is an enemy to  himself, to the present age. and to posterity.���l!x.  '���'".  Convalescents need Eisen Port���"the  builder, up of the .weak"���SOc bottle.  Gold Seal Liquor Co., 7-16 Pender street.  . JIAOHINI.STS' SK'mVKMJSNT. ,  '���President O'Coiiiiell of the International Association of Machinists, has  submitted-the' following proposition to  the Jletal Trades Association at _\'e\v  York, in order lo effect, a settlement for  the few machinists still out:  First���The question of wnges.to : be  arbitrated by districts.:. ' ' ��� " ���.  .: Second���-All itiiiuliiiiistson strike to be  reinstated without' prejudice to their  former positions, pending settlement by  arbitration.:������;. ' - ,.  Third���The. hours of lubor shall be  fifty-four a week, which is not submitted to arbitration, the award of arbitration board to date back lo the time  the men "return to work. ," .,..,,  Fourth���Articles of agreement shall  be signed ..by both sides agreeing to the  above basis of arbitration'.  Fifth���The above basis for a settlement of the present strike shall not  apply'to firms, members of the National  Jletal Trades: association, and others  which have made settlements. ,:.-'  It is-believed' that an agreement will  be reaebed-in a few days.  (inlil Seal Canadian liyc is Seagram's  Grand Old Kye. Only, 50c bottle. Gold  Seal Liquor Company. . ��� , .   '  -Many people will never.admit there  are any classes until they Iind them  hustling for a living in the working  class. -'-   ' ���   . ��� * .  Detroit. T. and L. Council protest  igainst the acceptance of a gift of $750,-  000 to that city for library, purposes.  There is blood on overy dollar so contributed.  P.M. Draper, Scc.-Trcas. of the Do-  liTi ii ioh-J'-riiiid-r^Congressrhas-issiicrl-if  c'rciilar cull giving particulars concern-  int; llie annual meeting in Hriintford,  September 17 nnd following days. The  Congress this year is expected to be the  largest ever assembled in Canada, as important action will betaken, and Briinl-  frud unions are preparing a warm welcome for the delegates.  The Farmer's .Economist says that.it.  has been drummed.-into the ears' of the  people for, centuries by the. ministers,  priests, and representatives of the ruling class flint, poverty is a blessing, but  the time has come that the working  class nre'discovering'Unit, all the eloquence put forth from the pulpit and  rostrum i.s u trick of the leaders ofthe  people in the interest of the. capitalist  class. The idea that an intelligent man  could be liappy in penury and poverty  is supremely ridiculous. The idea that  a man could be happy while his. wife  and children are in want, without a  homo,"or the prospector haying a home,  can only appear to the superstitious and  ignorant slave. ,;.  ^Flint's Dyspepsia Tablets are guar-  am.eiV to restore falling appetite;and  correciV any kind of stomach trouble.  50 c. : box/' McDowell, Atklnsi Watson  Co/.- :.:.,-.���":���.:'. :-;���"��������� ,-.  [From Toronto Clli/.eii nnd Country.]  The man who refuses to look into socialism to-day is the same chap who will  injure the cause to-morrow hy his over-  zcul.  Though farmers and iinancicrs both  water stock, there is no question as lo  which has (he more re.-pecluble emploi-  IllCllt.  The inerchaiit who is forever advertising his bargains never admits the bargains he gels in,stenographers ut three  dollars per week and clerks ut from four  to live.  We can't tell you anything about the  C. P. If. trackmen's strike (hat you  don't know. It's a corker. l!y all accounts, both sides are winning. Which  is strange.  With socialism in the ascendancy,  aged workers will he cared for ami honored, in the meantime,' who will formulate a scheme for old age pensions  for present use'!  If a C. P. It! trackmen and his family  should taken trip on the railway and  order just one meal in the dining car  about half ii week's hard labor would  settle the bill,'not including lips. ;*  "Tlie'earth is the Lord's and the fulness thereof," quoted an old-fashioned  divine in a .backwoods town recently.  Poor old gentleman! Perhaps it would  be as well not to tell him of the hist  Wall street dividends. '.���"'���  The gent wlio fears an upheaval in  society would probably consider it u-national " catastrophe' if a chalk-faced  seamstress were able to spend a week in  Muskoka every 'summer..'.  "What will socialism ilo with the  tramp V " is often asked. Fact is, it will  be necessary to undo for a little while,  after which the poor fellow will be expected, to do for himself.  "Trade is dull," observed the grocer  who had just voted against' municipal  ownership in his town, "but tradesmen  are a blame sight .duller," said the  farmer, who believed in' progress. . :'���'-  ll socialism doOs nothing' more than  stop the ruthless destruction of our forests tolsupply space for useless advertising in.the newspaper it will not have  been aii entire failure.  " But the Bible says that the poor will  always bo with us,", argued the holder  of stocks ami bonds. "cJIay be,", replied the optimist, "but. it doesn't', say  the;millionaireAvill."! '.. .  Millionaire' Dunsmuir, premier of  British Columoia, put special constables  to the front to aid the powerful C. I'. U.  to'defeat the striking trackmen. A I'd  low feeling makes men and corporations  wonderfully kind to each other.  The truckmen's strike on the C. P. li.  is still on,, with encouraging' prospects  for.a,victory for tlie "men. The. tactics  of''tlie; company in circulating- false reports,.etc., have embittered the public,  and given the trackmen a stronger degree of sympathy. . i  , If you wish for it, you'can readily  agree with Shakespeare'that good i.s to  be found in everything. Therefore, I  note with pleasure Unit the departmental stores'lead in giving their employees  shorter hours. To my mind lliis virtue  covers n multitude of sins."  ���If President Sliitughnessy could be induced to drive in a few spikes during  these hot days, and-if iced sodas,, electric fans and white awnings were no  longer available.for him, he might, not  think! an advance on a-dolhir-liflccn  such a monstrous proposition after all.  There is not a. more army-ridden  country oil the face , of the. earth Ih'uii  the United Stat'ess,. Workers' may organize, but may not strike. If they do  the militia is sent to shoot them down.  Not a day passes but the wires tell of  the killing of workers by soldiers. Capitalism will havo a large account to settle.'"''. ' .-.-.'-.  For tlie no\l oi> (luys*  you  win  get n-fruit nt  your own price ut  TI-T15   ACME  To introduce our nuw .*->���.*���* t em <ii tailoring W  fore our Full Slock nn iv��i  21 Gconiiii St. C. L. Ilolliinif, Cuttor.  'S  You'll no. find (.mil with nny ���iimlliy yen  gel nl Uie I\h|.1,_'j, I'Kjiuliir I'niv I'luiiliuicy,  liutility N nf Miprenn: iiiipoilillK-e.  You'll not Iiml l.i ull villi tho priee- lln'y  me a 1 ivn>.-> fun mnl luMer Hum ntlier Miiic'a  prires,  Otllt  PltlCLb  S'UI'  CONTUOLLtU   BT   AN1  comiiNt.  Clislorlll, ItOKulnr I'llie S3e, nllr lillco  _!Sc  i.iuti'r'.s I'lll-, "       ������    ���.',"��',   ������     ���      isc  Ur. Cilistiii'..  Kiihit'y CurL', ltcKuliu  l'rltie  $l.Wi, our price    $1  sroNUKi AMI SOACS AT IIAI.I- PRICl.  I'ltKSCIMri'lO.WS: r_j i,er iTiu. Inner limn  ntlicrMCni!..  Gernltl Ueycll   druggists  W. D.Wylle  SiiorcsMirs lu J. A. I,. .McMplilmi.  ���blly.sn agilitl t of our ICI. UltlCAM���jillie mill  iliilii:iiiu��, eMpiisiie. At Unit pn���, ni cimiim',  ymi tnke II home youiMMf, iu n liniulv ]ne,tti.  bimrd l.u\, iimili' (ur the purpose, (.renin will  keep frozen for nn hour or moro.  Or for SOc we will puck n quint In Ice lu keep  severnl lioiiih���tuitl wo will Oellver II.  I'nllon lot.s, putkeil niul delivered... $1.00 pil.  Klvu-Gnllon lots nnd over,   pnukeil  niuldullvurcil $1.50 fill.  Baker ami    "  Confecl loner,  A13 IlnsliiiKSStreet. Telephone307.  llltA.NCIIE!.: Uencli Houbo, No. -1 Aicmic.  '  for Setting, $ I .SO for 13  '  BLACK [LAN��Sr_l4N&  Slock looli First Prize nt 1900 Poultry '  Show nt Vancouver.  Brockton Point  ���   \w    i-\ ' . T/vnTiii,'��� '  Llgliihmise. VV.   SJ.   J OM_S  -i-iyi'- -/CREDIT :,*;,'" '::'Xy  Times arc hard and cash-is scarce, and  Is likely lo bo till after the llshhit. season. On tho oilier hand we are placing  our .students'into positions so fast (3!i. lit  seven weeeks) that we will ho short ot  KTiiduates for the fall business. For this  reason wo.are prepared to make arrangements (with responsible parties) for a full  commercial course Un such a way,that the  full fee Is not payable till the end of the  six. months'-course.'- Offer open till Juno  16th,- 11101.     .;  -.-���-���'.��� >  The (Ml. A.lVciCoiiiinci-eial'CttiliajP  P. O. Box 817.;  Vancouver, 13. C.  Altlili:  The Cape Town correspondent of the  Loiidoii Express relates a startling story  about the Striithconns. A patrol of llie  Striitheontis, being lired upon from a  farmhouse where the Union Jack and a  white (big were (lying, searched the  farm and found two Boers hidden in a  disused well. The Strathcoiias decided  to hang them. The pair were hung up  lo a near-by beam, A staff ollicer, happened to ride upon the scone, and  ordered that the twoinen be cut down,  hut the Strathcoiias refused to obey the  order. The ollicer was furious with  rage, and attempted io cut the rope  with a jack-knife, hut before be could  reach the rope a voice said, " Look here;  there's room for three to swing on Unit  beam." The ollicer turned around to  get his eye on the speaker, but he was  brought face to face with twenty stem,  rough faces, and luft the house.���.Special  cable to Toronto Daily Telegram from  J-tmdon about mutiny of Strathcoiias.  PARIS ; GREEN. . HELLEBORE  AND WHALE-OIL SOAP for the extermination of the CUT WORM and  other Insects���for sale" by 'the' MeDow-  cll,: Atkins;, Watson.; Company,. The  Druffelsts, Vancouver..'-.     v  yon know of In eo*imcctlou with lntiu-  dry work unywlic'ro we have thoin hero.  And II. I.s possible we have a-lot- vou  hnve never lienril iibdiit.;,;������-/'��� y ;;';--- ...  To still further perfect our eriuipineiit,  ; our Slr.Stewiirt' left, this'.wirk'-'.lor.-llio  oust in pick up iilens" nnd investlgiilu  .-whnlover new liuiiulry npplimieos hnvo-  .reeenlly been put upon the .market. :  Yoiicnh nlwnvs count upon us beiiig  right up lo the Insl lick of the'clii.uk.  :    ,J).M.: STKWART, Pnoe.    ;.  ,;PjiONi!J3-Hi. 910 vl)i-i KiciiAims St.-  The lnunilry of Ihcilnrk red'.wngons..  miitt Cabsk"oNiiV.  ^  ���  a,ew��_Ke/ |  Come in nnd let us toll you about our now A  Easij Payment IPjIan. You'll own a high-grade &  wheel before you" realize it is costing you anything. X  ASK ABOUT IT. f  Bicycle Store ^  24 Cordova St. ^  SOIJi; AGUNT �� &  CLEVELAND AND TRIBUNE BICYLE&. Y  cLennahy  McFeely & Co,  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL   DBALERS   IN  Shelf and Heavy  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WnOLKSALE GROCEliS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ;   (ISf3 Headquarters for  Domestic and Tm-  |��orted Cigars and Smoking Sundries.    :  ,   :Is now on. ��� All;goods at; Half Price 'for  ���������i.��� Oi^E-*WEEK. ��� ii \'mi;Cv'i-iii^mi'mi  If You Want a Suit ��� - *; '< ��� y-fy liyMy  You ought to come liore, now.nhil"'see tlio ppecinls in  ODD. SUITS.we are  selling,   ny Vuild suits",wo nicnn  "broken;; lot>"~perlinpsMinly one or two  stills of il kind���but webnve limnyUlifferent ,kinil3..'Wo give vou our.word  , for it thut they nro.nil genuinely new this seiison.,  Whisner: .We've gotrto  iget ililof llieiii.-b'eeiiuse our Knll Suits nre nl ready oil the . wny.    .'union1, us  :'. -lor.thinking uf full���we've scarcely had ilweekof'.suninier'-yet���but. "facts  ;; nro stubborn things"���hence .this drop lu: prices:.    ': ;;; ;.:; '-^-l-. ������"���:-     "-yyj-'  -'. $12.50 Suits for $9.50 $15.50 Suits for $10.50'-ifr-ii-     *��� i  ',.:; ";���<:.-.;-,,-,: [yy $17.50 Suits for $13,30 ).:���     $18.50 Suits for $14.50   .%;;';  ,;��� c':;j�� iiNST��N^*KERp����T ''�����*r^yyy  y       Vancouver's Big Clothiers, 104-6 CORDOVA STKCCTj;   ::  i    Mailers and Mens's furnishers,       ?      VANCOUVER.    -:"  gj        ;     Trunk SI ore I2r Hastings St., 01>li_Wn*. Rash's."  THE ��UALIT^^_'.:  Of our goodi. floos not nnwl mlverlis-  inj:. ��� It is wull lviiown. .'.rrici's uru  iiKnleriilo'..'.'  WIJ.STMINSTKll AVKSIIK.-  y MOUSE. 'PAiNTERS';*;;  "25 Haslings SI.      Union Labor Only  ^TCL^  Best  ==945=  Thing in the Market  Solid Coppor Ten niul Coffuo Tots  Ton'ICutllos in nil Kizos  (Niekle l'lated)        :.  ..  Tliosu gooils willjiist :i lifi: tiinu.,  No scouring lo lii'i'p cloun       .   . ���'��  .-��� viMwaya ionic liriglit  RG. BUCHANAN & m  Crockery nnd llousefurnishings,  406 mill  408 Westminster Avenue, Vancouver  ir  Choice Family  Groceries  aiid Provisions.  OPPOSITE THE OLD STORE,  ;; Cqr.Wcatniii-stor Avo.;iiiid Prior,  Tlieljcst Cough Cure is ;��BIG4''  ,haye,.),ou: tried)' hifii.iiiyyyiiy:y':iiii.iy  TENNIS, CRICKET, CROQUET, ���  HAMMOCKS,; HSHINGTACia  i ���; ;;;EASEBALL,' IJ^CROSSEryi^j;-;  %i.yy,$g)i^^  " AND PUNCHING BAGS; ETC. ^  521  Hastings  Street*  Ever  Gratifying indeed to lieur praises sounded throughout .'the;-.'  Dominion.   FIT-RKKOKMiiattorns, gathered from the various  ciunrLors of the globe, are receiving undivided attention, from :  nobby dressers, ������.- ,.;' -'"������ -.'-.; .-������.'' [-'.i ���'.?:':.������ ,'r-.;'-:.-;.'  That's why maker.-- of Kit-Reform are taxed to their utmost,  -c'U|.iicitv.lii-_thi8^.th'u.aprii)g-o_-lflM^  334 Hastings St.  Vancouver,  Mnll orilcrs promptly iittundcd.to'.   Self measurement blanks uud samples'  ;; XOIltOn llpplfeiltiOIl, !,:;  Masscjr- llairis-aiid ^Stearns  ALL Sims' BICYCLES ALL PRICES  KENbALL^S, 128 Cordova St  ,ly. Tho be_t pJacoin;B, C. to havo your''_;'-,  yy i,?-.;.'*-;;.::; Bicycle repaired;:'': 'i.-.X. '".:_���'-'-,��;; ���-.-'":  POB_  Good Milk and Cream  :|tROS^;;B^^K|l^i^Sj  MA*; NO .'CQiUAt;-'.*;'Terms;'!liew  I. S. MILLER, Prop;f:_ 1130 Hornby St:  .:*.-;:' ::lt'.yy:.  iii/A-iii'iy'  IJ'S.''  ' ^^^W^^IWK��y*lJ*W1��II^Hf7  ���amm "     :     LJ���~ '

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.xindependen.1-0180405/manifest

Comment

Related Items