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The Independent Mar 9, 1901

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 V--Q--<2-ilx^  imUOKKUFE INSURANCE CO  The oldest and largest international company in tho world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.   ��  OTTAWA FIRE IKSIEASCE CO  Authorized Capital - 11,500,000  Subscribed Capital - - SOt.OOO  Government Deposit -       81,000  H. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for B. C. and Alberta.  30 and 31 Flack mock, Vancouver.  I-  '  VOL. 2.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 0, 1901.  NO. 24.  OIR FILTHY PETS.  To tho Editor o( Tub Indei'IINDKnt:  Sir,���I hid n physician, but tun now  and always hnve been interested in tlio  welfare of the laboring man.  It is to his very best interest lu avoid  any and all kinds of error, and especially is this true in respect to those practices which are the means of taking a  livelihood away from bis fellow-laborer.  This very day I have counted more  than -0 Chinese pedlars with baskets  on .sticks going from house to houso  with fruit, lish and vegetables. Is the  working man aware thai every time he  purchases from one of those Mongols lie  is encouraging him to continue in the  business and discouraging the Anglo-  Saxon? if a business man should employ a Chinese to help huild his house  there would come a big kick from the  carpenter. The white vender has just  as much reason to kick when the white  carpenter buys of the Mongol. The  Anglo-Saxon buys his fruit and fish from  lie yellow pig-tailed vendor because he  can save the trouble of going down town  to order from the grocer, and can also  save a few cents by so doing. Hut if the  white laborer could only see the filthy  shucks where the Mongol keeeps his  vegetables and "prepares" them for  market, and if be could understand the  mode of "preparation" 1 am unite sure  he would nevermore allow any of them  placed upon his table for his wife and  children.  *I cannot, consistent with decency explain fully the mode of "preparation"  employed by these Chinese pedlars^but  will partly do so and run * the rislrof  being considered immodest. Have you  noticed the leaves of celery being blanched and some spots much whiter than  others?" This whitening is caused by  urine which is kept in a convenient receptacle and allowed to decompose until  ammonia develops when it is sprinkled  upon the green stalks and leaves.  When they become sufliciently white  they are washed in cold .water which removes the smell and gives then) a fresh  appearance. You sometimes buy bananas. A sharp, almond-eyed pedlar sees  a large bunch of this fruit which is very  green, and^because of this fruit, he buys  it at a lower price than that which is  ripened. He takes it to his shuck and  there places it in his bed where the heat  of his lilthy oody effectually ripens the  fruit in a few nights and gives it that  rich foreign Ihivor so much desired by  those who prefer a lilthy Chinaman to a  clean Anglo-Saxon. These modes are  disgusting enough ; but there are others  employed .-o much more so that ordinary decency forbids anything more in  print than a reference to the fact.  Resides the disgusting practices of the  Chinese pedlar, his brother gardner  deserves notice along this line. If we  could only visit the vegetable gardens  and observe the methods of fertilization,  there is not a respectable laboring man  or any decent man who would not forego  the use nf vegetables until they could be  procured of a character wholesome and  good. The'fact, is we have been eating  and feeding our families food not lit for a  respectable hog. Hut there is a feature  not yet referred to in this letter which is  of.much gieater moment than those  mentioned, ['refer to the great danger  to the health of those eating vegetables  grown and "treated" in the manner  barely referred to. Filth in any form  breeds disease and there is no more certain road to diphtheria anil typhoid than  the continued use of such fruit and vegetables as are here named.  Now as health i.s a very important subject, you will allow me to call llie laboring man's attention to the fact, that he  -is.in daiiger_.i__ho_palninizus_the_lilthy  Mongolian in any way. There are several ease." of skin disease (prurigo) in this  city contracted without doubt from the  Chinese laundries. In l.os Angeles,  Cal., unite a number of white people  have gone to the I j)/.nr house with that  most dreaded of all diseases, leprosy.  It was found that they all had patronized the same laundry, and the doctors  decided lhat the disease had therefrom  been communicated. Of the fifty  Chinese laundries in Vancouver, it is  the height of foolishness to suppose that  they are all clean. It may be* that the  very man now reading these words bus  some dear olive branches which nuiy Iks  infected and tlieir lives made miserable  unless tlieir parents cense at once to  ��end their clothing where there is con-  fltant danger. Others have thought that  they were safe, hut the. disease came because of carelessness. Let us be warned  in time and profit, by their mistakes.  1'lIVSICIAN.  Vancouver, 11. C, March 8, 1(101.  regard to their annual bill of grievances.  There were along with them President  Knlph Smith and Messrs. A. I'uttee,  M.l\, and (i. U. Maxwell, M. I'. The  principal questions which they brought  to the attention of the government were  that of fradulent granting of naturalization certificates to Japanese and that of  picketing.  lu   regard   to   the   naturalization   of  Japanese, President Ralph Smith"spoke,  lie asked that certificates be cancelled  for two years, as it was shown in courts  that they  wero  granted fraudulently  that tbe time for granting them  be ex  tended from three to live years;  that  Japanese show their entrance certificate  before getting naturalization, and that  Supreme court judge grant these certificates, and not justices of the peace as at  present.  In regard to this, Sir Wilfrid Laurier  said that Japancsa immigration had  pretty well Mopped, it would perhaps  suffice if precaution was taken against  fraud; and that all certificates obtained  fraudulently should be cancelled, lie  agreed in giving power to .Supreme court  judges to grant certificates, and not justices of the peace. He did not, however,  believe in extending the time from three  to five years, as it smacked of " Kruger-  ism." As to alien labor, which "Sir.  I Smith also referred to, the premier said  that the government had the matter before them.-  -  ������-   -  Mr. Flette, of Hamilton, and Mr. Puttee, of Winnipeg, dealt with picketing,  aud asked that the law be amended to  permit the use of persuasion with workmen not to replace .men .when .on.strike  or on a lockout.  The delegation also called the attention  ofthe government to the advisability of  paying their employees weekly instead  of monthlv.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  Hiring Chinamen.  To the Kditor of Tiik Imiki'KM'ENt:  Sir���I wish to draw your attention to  what I saw this morning (Monday). It  was a stonemason or bricklayer, who resides in the 1000 block on Buriuiby  street, hiring a Chinaman as laborer. I  called his attention to the fact that  there were plenty of white laborers who  were idle in the city, lie said bo hail  been to some saloons and could not get  any. I said I would get him a man.  lie said he would hire him if he would  work for the same wages as the Chinaman. Now, sir, is this fair? lor one  man to stick up for wages and turn  right around and hire Oriental labor because it is cheaper, is that unionism and  living up to the obligation? I say, uo  A mini like that should be chased out'of  the town, and not allowed to worltpoii  any building with while men. I feel it  to be my duty as a union man at heart,  and to see fair play, to draw your attention to the facts. 1 remain, _  A CitizkS.  Vancouver, March 4, 11)01.  Itoard hike this in "hand with the .-.nine  broad spirit it would directly 'benefit the  people, and -would lie something Ho its  credit, -which 'ia more than can Ik. s��id  uf some of the proceeding:, of late, livery  reasonable iman I liuvu spoken 1o on this  milliter sees uo dillieully in the propusi-  Ition ibeing carried out hero iin 'it* entirety. This is a ueforiu -which the. Vancouver school board might, with safety  introduce, and it would be doing a good  act, one which would redound Ut its  credit. Co on, Xuiininio, jiivc the way  for progress. J. H. WATSON".  Vnncouvcr, March (i, 1111)1.  The Government Interviewed.  On Monday at Ottawa, the Trades and  Labor delegation waited on Premier  Laurier and Hon. William Mulock in  ARBITRATION.  Arbitration tends to keep capital  from the province and causes a feeling  of unrest amongst the very'people whose  money is required and is necessary to  develop a new .country. This is what  we are told, but like. manyotlicr statements made by financial agents, whose  chief anxiety is to secure for themselves  a larger commission, after the business  passes through their hands and to obtain  a certain amount of kudos from their  employers. This is absolutely untrue.  What is it that produces friction and  consequent unrest, ending, too often, in  either a strike or a lockout? I think  friction is caused principally by a jarring in the machinery and this jarring  produces unevenness in its movement  and aclions. Kemove that article which  has brought about the friction and the  machinery will again work in perfect  harmony. Will it prevent capital coming in if the owner of thesame is assured  that owing to the legal protection given  it is almost impossible that a feeling'of  unrest or friction could at any time obtain. Would it not rather be a  strong inducement first to money and  then to competent hiDor to permanently  settle in any couutry whore such a law  is enforced? Compulsory Arbitration  therefore commends itself to all parties,  except', of course, the money-grasping  so-called '���finnneial agent" wlio works  to get a commission from his employers,  anda second and heavier profit out of  the worker, by keeping wages as low as  possible. Some may say we have an  "Arbitration Act" upon our statute  books. So we have, but it is a dead letter, and consequently inoperative as  under the provisions ol" the act no person is in any way bound to accept any  decision.  What is-want"cU"liere"is"_r'"compulsory  act" which shall be binding on all parties and so arranged that without any  heavy expenses a trade dispute whether  from the employer's side or the workman's, can be brought under its provisions and protection at once, and  whilst the matters in dispute -are before  the arbitrators work can and must be  proceeded with. The proposed arrangement will protect capital whether it is  found by the moneyed man or the  laborer, as t pointed out last week this  has worked well in other places, why not  in liritish Columbia.  Soutiikhn Cuoss.  Telephone 1��� -'���5 for a line, livery  turn-out. ,1. .I. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  The members of the Oriental immigration Commission received a number of  visitors at the Hotel Vancouver on  'Thursday. The H'on. Mr. Sli'iniizu, Japanese consul: President Jos. Dixon, of  tho Trades Council, 11. Miieplicrson, J.  HI. .Watson and othons -were among those  ���who rattled. The Commission went down  to Victoria to-day.  The Socialist Party.  To the Kditor of Tub independent:  Sir���In answer to your correspondent,  I'M. linpold, in hist week's issue, criticising the methods pursued by the  Socialist .Labor Party of Canada, as being "too selfish," " narrow-minded,"  and "critical" for people of "amiable  temperament" (such as your correspondent) to get along with, and who  .claims to be a socialist of a good many  years' standing, and at the same time  proving himself a perfect ignoramus" on  the subject he criticises, while objecting  so strenuously to criticism. What is  wanted, says Mr. Rapold, is a socialist  party constituted on "broad" lines'' to  take-in "everybody." Does this include  Section Vancouver, S. L. P. of Canada?  If so, why this criticism? If not, is he  not a little too "narrow-minded" on the  subject of "broadness?" Is not this  clap-trap sickening to men who know  that the emancipation of suffering humanity, i. c., the working class, can only  ���be accomplished by a political party  constituted on class lines? It is ridiculous to expect a class who lives off tho  labor of the workers to emancipate the  working class, and thus commit suicide  as a class. Xo such an event ever having taken place in history of a ruling  class relinquishing their rights to a  ruled or subordinate class; and yet your  correspondent wants a socialist party  composed of influential men !���proving  your correspondent knows nothing of  the subject be criticizes. Wool" the S.  L. P. are too selfish, says Mr. Uapold.  Correct. That is the very reason for  our existence. ��� We are too selfish to see  a lot of idle plutocrats absorb the  wealth produced by the working class,  and to whom it rightfully belongs. And  as to us never amounting to anything,  as Mr. Uapold asserts. Why, that is  ridiculous, or why this criticism, from a  man of such an "amiable temperament.'' l'"or Mr. Itapold's benefit we  would say that Section Vancouver, S. L,  J'., is out to organize tbe working class  into a class conscious political party to  emancipate themselves, aware of their  rights and determined to conquer by  taking possession of tbe.political power.  Into this party all workingmen are cordially invited together with all other  honest men who will work for the interest of our class, and we herewith tender  a cordial invitation to Mr. Uapold to at-_  tend any of our meetings in our hall,  where our' platform is always open to  critics, where they will receive the most  "amiable" and gentlemanly treatment,  Tind in conclusion would advise Mr.  Uapold to first cast out the mole from  his own eye, then will he see clearly to  cast tbe mote from out his brother's.  Socialist I.aiiok I'auty,  Per Press Committee,  Vancouver, B. C, March (i, 1.101.  Blue Label Cigars.  T,> the Killtnr of Tun Inhctkndknt:  Sir,���I called a.t u West Kml hotel the  other day and asked for a blue label  cigar. Deltoid my surprise on finding that  f could not get one. One would think  mi "hotel like that would cater to the public fcasitc. To 6ay the least any institution in our midst should hanille home  production, instead of selling goods one  docs not know who made. A union 'lithel  cigar is made under flair conditions which  is more than can be said of those not  ibearing llie label. 1 hope the management of the place in question .Mill see  to it that they arc ko['t in sltock in the  future. HI-UK JjABUJ,.  Vancouver, March (i. 1001.  Brotherhood of Carpenters.  Ii. U. No. fll", Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America met last  Thursday eveningin Labor Hall. There  was a good attendance of members,  nearly all of tne oflicers being present,  and President Mackenzie in the chair.  This union is composed largely of men  who have been identified with the trades  union movement since its inception in  Vancouver and who, through many  weary months, aye years, of depression  and hard times have stuck faithfully to  to the cause; and by this unflinching  devotion to duty have kept the organization in good -standing and working  order when but for such aid it must long  ago hnve become a thing of the past���at  least so far as Vancouver is concerned.  At Thursday night's session it was decided to give an entertainment on t.he.Tth  inst., for tbe benefit of the trade generally. It will doubtless assume thu form  of a social, with short addresses sandwiched in between. The members of  the organization wisli to become better  acquainted with outsiders and vice versa.  They wish outsiders to become acquainted with the fact, that there is a local  union of the Brotherhood in Vancouver,  and by Joining it they would not only be  helping the union but themselves loan  unitizing extent.'  The members are very optomistic in  their views of trade unionism. They believe in tlie ultimate triumph of unity.  The main cause of its slow progress  through all these tedious years is the  lack of knon ledge and narrow-mindedness of the working class. When once  this great class has been awakened to  the true state of affairs. Wheu once  they realize tlieir own overwhelming  [lower, which can only be tlirected properly and usefully when worked through  a complete organization. When once  they realize that the wage system, competition, private ownership of lands,  capital and natural monopolies, rent,1  profit, interest and taxes are but the  chains and fetters of a new and scientific slavery, then they will not want  coaxing, pleading, threatening or coaxing, to come into the union of their own  particular trade, for they will come of  their own free will.  Forward and ever forward the great  grand work of education and enterprise.  ���(V> in. '-   ARBITRARY TRUSTEES.  free School Books.  To tlio Kditor of The Indici'KMiknt:  Sir,���I -see by the published rcjiorts of  the Xiiiiaiiiiio school 'board in the Herald  Uml tha't body is going lo put in operation what, the Trades 'Council of this  city and myself, each time I nm us n  candidate for- scho'ool Itruslee, hnve nd-  vacated, 'namely, the bysiom of free  school books. If not. 'tlint. exactly the  board will buy llie books and sell llienr  at a fiiicliiou above cost lo the scholars.  (Now, sir, It-h'is shows what an up-lo-  dnlo sc'hoool board ��in 'do, especially  when they nro imbued with 'the desire  to help thoso citizens who find the cost  'of sclioool b'oooks such il heavy burden.  Here is it lino of notion taken by the  Xaainimo school board that can be approved by the people, 'because the city  loses not-dug nnd they are a direct  gainer thereby.   If Ithe Vancouver school  An Enjoyable Smoker.  The lli'olliei'lino,! of t'arpentois and  Joiners held a smoker on Thursday evening- .in Trades hall, and all -Who were  present pronounced it one of the most  enjoyable! evenings they hud ever spent.  The programme was opened by the  eliiiiraimn, Pic-idi'iit M'eKcnzic. in u few  short, apt remarks. Then 'followed songs  and .iiistrumeiiltii selections, interspersed  with speeches. 'Hie -speakers wore  LMos��rs. -Morton, Pearey, Burns, CWan,  Maopliorson, Dixon, Molvissick and Watson. The musical selections ���were rendered by -Messrs. I'roy, Col lister, l'liink-  ���lin, Mori un, Boss, W. I). Jones and It.  Jones. The singing bi .Mr. Collislei'  ct'oked mulch applause. One and it'll of  the speakers hoped Unit such social i-n-  lei<taininents would he of ni'ure frequent  occurrence. Fw the preparation of llie  excellent lunch the carpenters and their  friends are under deep obligiilions to  Mrs. Joseph Dixon.  Union Made Hats.  Buy your new Spring Ilnl from  Donaldson & Mathews, 71 Cordova St.  The Hiring and Discharging of Teachers Should  Not Be Vented In the School Board,  A correspondent has the following to  say regarding thu actions of the school  board:   " The debate on the wholesale  discharge of the   teachers  of  our city  schools  on   Wednesday   night   showed  clearly the hand of those advocating the  scheme  and   the   object   they have iu  view.   At present when a teacher i.s dismissed reasons must be given.   This is  a   wise   provision   of   thu   government  school act, which is especially designed  to protect the teacher from trustees who  for    reasons    best   known    to    them  will not hesitate to discharge a faithful  teacher without giving a reason  for so  doing.   The   object   is   clear   that   the  school board, or at any rate ,a portion ol  it, desire to have the whip hand of control over tbe teachers, and be ever, ready  to use the knife when  room  must  be  made for some body's pet with a ������pull."  It   is  disgraceful   in   these   days   that,  school trustees want the absolute power  to dismiss the teacher without being required to give a reason.   This savors of  the good old days wlien  men could  be  sent to prison without justifiable cause.  The proposition is the most unbusinesslike one 1 ever heard of._   According  to  Trustee Gordon an agreement binding  on both parties for one year would be a  source of protection to the teacher. That  i.s true, especially if incompetent.   But  how is the city protected?   If an incompetent teacher happened to be engaged  the city must pay him the salary just  tne,.same for'the.year,.which,_is not  business-like.   Would it b'e right therefore, for the city to havo to pay for incompetency, and competent teachers to  hnve  to  walk   the  streets   till the 12  months expire?   There is not a  business man in this province who would  keep an employee who was unsatisfactory in his work.   The men advocating  this silly scheme I, believe would not  run their concerns on this plan.   Ii a  teacher don'tsuit, the board should have  backbone enough  to say so. and if it  were   honor   bright   it   would.   I   was  pleased to note that the trustees at Victoria do not favor the proposed change,  beciuiso they felt  that it'w'ould' create"  greater  evils   than  at   present exist.  They foresaw the storm which would  ensue il* they saddled the city with unnecessary expense in employing teachers unfit for the work.   But then the  school board of Victoria is composed of  men with business sagacity.   There are  members of the Vancouver school board  who   imagine thai   tlieir sole   occupation is  to  breed discontent among the  teaching  staff.     The   most   successful  business men are those who treat their  employees with  respect,  which  ensues  contentment.   The present board shows  little or no respect to the teachers and  at   every   opportunity  gag  and   debar  them of the freedom of speech, which  belongs to every Briton no matter what  his occupation .may be.   To  discharge  every teacher and  then to   hire back  those that suited them  best no douot is  considered by our worthy trustees the  proper thing to do,  but it is quite the  reverse.   The  -board's  time  could   be  more profitably spent  by studying out  some   plan   whereby   technical  schools  could be instituted  so  that the youths  and young men of the city may  learn  the technical part of their trades.   This  would in a great measure keep the lads  and young men off tlie streets and out  of the gambling dens   at   night.   The  hue and cry are raised for a reformatory  and the discipline of our young men.  Hut where arc they to go?   There are  practically no [ibices outside those lnen-  tioncd.  .-When; are the__schoL'ls_of  cookery for the young girls to learn the  rudiments, of domestic economy? Where  is our music classes which if held at  night would take scores of our boys and  girls off the street, and would tend lo  make them better men ami women?  These and many other things the school  board could do, if it .did not waste  so much time gagging the teachers. I  think it time that the citizens of this  city awoke to their interests and cleared  the growlers out and placed progressive  men on the school board? W.  Vancouver, B. C, March 5, 1901.  purtmeiit; defective heating arrangements and consequent big fuel bills; undesirable and unattractive surroundings  for patients; allowingrefractory patients  to occupy one bedroom, and poor bedding  and luck of exercise for ihe patients.  Dr. Clarke recommends proper and  elaborate schemes! of employment, such  as brush making, carpenter work and  gardening, and the purchase of farm  lands for establishing u farm colony and  more drill and exercise. In connection  wilh the foregoing no one having any  sen-e will deny that " some radical  changes are necessary in the management nf the asylum for tbe insane, at  Westminster," says the Times. In fact,  pi��rhups, it would not be too strong if wo'>  wero to say that it is time the whole system were torn up by the roots and it new  and different regime inaugurated. Apparently the right thin': has not been  (lone neither by the patients nor tho  public. The inmates of tlicusylum have  not received the attention usually extended to the unfortunate in these days  of supreme regard for all who are afllict-  ed. and the substonco of tho province,  if it has not been wantonly wasted, has  not been conserved as it should have  been. The employees of ���tho asylum  have not approached their'duties in tlio  proper spirit, being apparently under  the impression, as the doctor says in  effect, that "the institution was created  for their convenience" rather that the  comfort and well-being of the patients.  It may be that the blame for this condition of affairs for the most part rests  upon the shoulders of the provincial ���  authorities, and most likely it does.  AVitli proper inspection and supervision'"..  such conditions should never. have ob- '  tained. But whatever the cause, the  report deals quite brusquely with'conditions as they exist, ami it now only  remains for the government to take tho  matter up and apply the remedy. AVill  they do it?  Victoria Carpenters Meet.  At Victoria iu the Sir William .Wallace hall -on Mondays evening a meeting  of the Amalgamated Socidly of Carpenters and Joiners was lieW. The hull was  filled and great interes't was displayed by  ���those present, in-tlif -speeches delivered  by the oilieers of tlie union. , After tho  ���intioductory speeches a discussion took  place and one of those prcscnL miked  ���whether the local branch of the union  had any immediate iiifteiitioii of making  an ell'ort lo obtain shorter hours and  more money. J a reply it was stalled that  ait present .tlio object, was to organize,  and organize well. Those present were  requested lo give, tlu'ir opinion on unionism. One rose ami stated thai he was  in favor of organizing a strong union.  Uo had travelled over the Staitcs for  some time, niul had worked in Seattle,  lu that city, he staled, lie had been employed three'hours when a walkingttt'le-  guile asked him for his card, and being  unable to show one he was forced to join  ���the. union or lose litis job. He did nol.  see why as strong a union as th-.it. of  t_��iltt!le could not bo ogiinizcd in Victoria.  'If that, were accomplished carpenters  ���would get three dollaixsi day and shorter  hours. Another member rose and corroborated the suilicnient of the former  speaker. He said that he had worked  at. Scn'ltlP it short lime ago and was forced to join the union. A coiilti-avt-nr there  (iiblt employed a non-member of the union and the union nieinliers .were called  oil" work. This, of course, put the con-  1 motor in a bad position, as he had n  certain amount of Work to do in a ccr-  It-.iin time. Hefore he coirld continue  wonk. however, he had lo discharge noil- .  unionists. The rates of entry to the  mniriii-weT'i."IIfoir^jivon-1o~(lie .-������cretany"-  und fourteen of those pre-pinl joined.  Am>ther .meeting will he lirfd in a ��.]iort  trime for the purpo-e of drafting rules  for the Micitoriu launch of Ihe union and  to receive others into Ihe .membership.  A Wretched Institution.  On Monday Hon. Mr. Prentice submitted to the Local Legislature at Victoria the report of Dr. Clarke, of Ontario, who was appointed commissioner  to inquire into the workingsof the Westminster asylum. lie ascribes the following causes in brief for the unsatisfactory state of the asylum. Kxccssive  salaries of stiDordinates and nurses; too  large a staff; unnecessary officials, such  as a shoemaker and farm foreman; lack  of economy in supplies; lack oi organization in the management of the stores,  absence ol" system  in the business de-  A strike: was declared at the Vau  Airdn mines. Textidii Island, on -March  2nd. owing lo the employer., of the mines  having decided to hire Japanese for,minors, engineer-., etc.. aid as the employers  refuse to guimnAeu white men wages  the Texada Union of the Western Federation of Miners has declared a strike  nt llie above mines and works. Ml  metal miners and oilier Union and nonunion workmen are respodtfully requested to refrain frtwi ncce[iting any employment offered until !k fair and amicable  settlement is arrived nt. The strike is  in the interest of white labor in Uriti'sh  Columbia. AH workmen will be promptly notified through the public press when  an amicable stiTangeineut is completed.  1.1  Amalgamated Society of Carpenters  and Joiners will meet on Tuesday night.  12th. This being the regular quarterly  meeting a full attendance is requested. TTTTC INDEPENDENT.  -SATUBDAY...:...... .'MABjC_H 9, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  3BO. BARDLET   Editor  HAB-RY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGiANISBD  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM-  PASTY.  AT   312   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOU-  ' VBR,   B.  C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; threo  months, 35 cents; six months, 65 cents;  one year, $1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRADES AND  LA'BOR COUNCIL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  SATURDAY......  ...MARCH  II, I'.IOl  GOVCRNMINI RAItWAVS.  Of late there has been considerable  talk by the western press about govern-,  nient-owned railways. The po6r old  simpletons 'way down east are terrorized over the fact that possibly the  cheerful idiots out west may have the  hardihood to undertake the building of  a railroad and plunge the country bead  over heels into debt. If. our province  is to go ahead, and go ahead it will it  must teach eastern Canada a lesson or  two in up-to-date economics, and secure  the control of its own railways in spite  of the pighendedness of the wise nabobs  in the east. One thing that must be  understood by the people of the west is  the fact that until we become a political  power very little progress will be made  in securing advanced legislation from  the federal government.  for an increase from 1)7 cents a day, and  the C. 1'. II: [lays little more there. We  believe the rate on the coast i.s 14 cents  an hour.  We had hoped that the proposed commission on railways would have been  appointed as promised by Mr. Blair tlie  other day. Xo doubt if it bad a panic  might have been precipitated among the  fossilized members of parliament, who  must be humored for a year or so .before  they would allow anything like that to  pass. It took about 11 years to get n  royal commission on Chinese, but it  should not take.more than a year to get  one on railways. The only real good  a commission could accomplish would be  to demonstrate the fact to the public  that the government should own all  future railways.  The number of miles of railway in operation last, year in Canada was 17,('!'7;  controlling companies, St!, not including  tlie government railways (2); paid-up  i capital, amounts to $!.!.8,-_02,404: gross  earnings, $70,7-10,270; workingexpenses,  f!7,("!)!),7!)8; not earnings, !f23,040,472.  The Dominion government has expended on railways the past 80 years, $151,-  101,42M.4S. In addition there has been  expended for working expemes $81,SOI,  472.11 on government roads, linrking a  grand total of $232,552,895.59. There-  venue from ' the*' 'government.' roads  amounted to $75,225,382.1(1.* Paid-up  capital on ordinary shares, $279,308,-  512.02.' '    ' '"'  '���'���'���,'  The resolution of Messrs. Julian and  lOllis at the mass meeting on Wednesday  night asking the Provincial Ciovcmnicnt  tn obtain Ihe Dominion subsidy and get  tlm proposed Coaslt-Kootcnay line built,  ���as a governiiiciit-owned line, was a, fair  proposition .mil should have carried. The  ���nicetiing, however, decided in favor of  a h'niiiis of $-1,000 a. mile to the V., V.  and .15. by a very huge majority. The  1'iwiiiieiiil l.oi'ei'imieiit- are opposed to  owning railroads and will give a bonus  lo Some one to build a railway in to the  Kootenay. Ono speaker poSntcd out that  "'llie [icoplc niusl- therefore choose between two, evils���Ithe C. IV It. or the  V.,-V. and JC, and it were better tho  ���lesser were accoplcd." And The Independent .must let il go at that, but would  tisk the Provincial Government to fix the  freight and passenger rales for the ,V.,  V. and K. and'insert a purchase clause  in its uli-ii'tcr..  The 11. C. Trade Budget appeared for  ���the llrst lime in this city last Saturday,  lit'Will print, all kinds of news pertaining  to the ibiisincss interests of the Province,  and deserves to be liberally patronized  by 'Wholesalers, jobbers and manufacturers. It mnks with any commercial ptib-  licatiioiPin the west, and typographically  is a credit to llm ''art preservative."  '���.'-; If bonuses of money, land grants and  the like enable charter holders to float  bonds to build roads as above indicated,  why could not the government do the  i-anie thing on the same security? Private individuals or corporations manage  railways profitably. Is it because they  are more competent than the ministers  of the crown'.' We think not. If the  people were acquainted with the facts as  to the locating and construction ol" the  Intercolonial railway they would open  tlieir eyes to tlie benefit's derived from a  government-owned road. For instance  the north shore portion of that line was  laid where it should not have been for  political reasons, instead of being built  up the rich, St. John valley. A corres-  pondendent points out that until recently it only ran from what might be  called out in the country to tbe cities of  St. John and Halifax. To explain, "it  bad no connection with any railway  handling tlie trade of Ontario or Manitoba or Montreal and vicinity except tlie  (..rand Trunk, which had an ocean terminus of its own in Portland, Me. Tbe  government at Ottawa gave all its winter mail subsidies to steamers running  ' to that - port,--'thug effectually shutting  their own road out of the race."  The -Maiiaiiiio llcra'Id appeared bust  Friday as a daily. The lilnck Diamond  city litis (lie proud distinction of publishing tihe Jirst labor daily in the Dominion and being ithe home of the 'honored president of the Trades und-Labor  Congress 'of Canada, Bro. Ralph Smith,  M. P. We "congratulate the '.'management upon their enterprise, and hope the  lalior press .throughout the country will  follow suit. Labor must have its dailies  the same as Uiu .capitalist class, ami this  is the-beginning. ".?'"  Tlie most radical change in the Placer  Mingraet, proposed by "the Minister of  Mines at Victoria, is in regard to tlie  size of claims. These are increased  from 100 feet to 250 feet. _ In the case of  discovery tlie discoverer is allowed (100  feet instead of 300 as before,:,and. two  discoverers 1,000 feet instead of 000 as  formerly. This is exactly?what the  miners have been asking for since tlie  rush to Atlin began, and the Hon.  Itichard McBride must be complimented in giving heed to the demands  of the miners, who had practically given  up all expectations of getting any legislation on the lines indicated from the  present 'administration;  Is it any wonder that until connection  was made wfth Montreal and winter  niail'service introduced from St. John  ���and-Halifaxf=the=lntereolonial=shoiild  not pay? The 1. C. B. is about the  best road in Canada so far as roadbed  and rolling stock are concerned, and,  moreover, there is a two-cent a mile fare  on any part of the system. - The length  of the road, including tlie Grand Trunk  and Druminonu county railway connection, is 1,314.07 miles. The gross earnings for the year amounted to $4,052,-  071.71, and the working expenses  ;$4,431,404.00,'including $Ki4,��)4.47 rent  paid for the extension into Montreal,  making the net earnings at $120,007.02.  It will be seen that in spite of all.manners of obstacles the Intercolonial was  made to pay. And the government  can do the same with our western roads.  Union Made' Overalls.  Buy only Union Label overalls. Sold  by Donaldson & Mathews; the Clothiers,  74 Cordova St. ?  Musings of a Business Agent.-,  What constitutes trade autonomy?  Can engineers brew beer?  Are machinists typesetters?  Is a piano tuner a wood worker?  Are firemen coal miners?  Is a cigar maker a tobacco worker?  Can an organ maker run a rip saw?  Is a shoemaker a leather worker?  ���Aru.woodworkers coopers?--'. --   In New Zealand where the government owns'thu railroads school children  arc carried free, and the general rates  average about 40 per cent, less than the  O. P. H. In many cases special rates  are given to develop new industries, one  instance being the lime trade, and yet  tbey pay a prolit of $1,000 a mile a year.  This materially lessens the rale of taxation. The trackmen aro paid 7s and 8s  :i day. We remember well the Ci. T. It.  strike in Ontario when  the men asked  Can box makers build sideboards?  Are stove moulders iron workers?  Is a glass blower a glass worker?  Are carpenters wood workers?   '  Can piano makers build houses?  Are'-paper hangers painters?  Is u taiior a garment worker?  Are teamsters beer brewers?    ,  Can a street car driver run an engine?  Are upholsters carpenters?  Is a printer a machinist?  Are shirt makers tailors?  Can a sawyer make mandolins?  Are steam litters plumbers?  Is a cab driver a teamster?  Are salesmen clerks?  Can a harness maker make shoes?  Are batters cap makers?  Is a watch engraver a watch maker?  Are caivers cabinet makers?  [Specially Written for The Independent.]  Ottawa, March 1, 1901.  I was glad to get Tim Ixddi'k.n'dkkt  once more. It dropped in on me the  other day and was so fussy over it that  I could neither do or think about anything until I had gone over its contents.  1 hope the labor men���and not only the  labor men of your province, but I hope  all who are interested iu the deeper and  true problems of life will take a practical interest in Tin Lmiki'KNDent. There  are two ways in which all who are true  friends of labor can help it along, and  these ways are to circulate it and to advertise in it. A nod is as good as a  wink to a blind horse, and 1 trust that  t he merchants and the citizens will combine to make Tub I.ndki'kn'dknt what- it  ought to be, that is, independent, by  being placed on a solid financial basis.  I read with great interest all about the  candidature of my friend Mr. Robert  Macpherson. 1 expected that lie would  be a sure winner, but when the telegraphic despatch gave it to the world  that in the home of labor Mr. Macpherson had been defeated and that, too, by  such a rank candidate as Mr. James V.  Garden. I was amazed beyond description. Mr. Macpherson'had a good record. Mr. Garden had one sufficient to  make the angels weep. Mr'_ Macpherson had gifts.'- .Mr. Garden had none as  a legislator, and yet Vancouver chooses  the political nonenty in tlie place of the  man whose work in the past was both a  credit to himself and the city which returned him. The action of Vancouver  City is a puzzle to us all here. Surely a  grave mistake has been committed.  Political activity is slow even yet in  Ottawa. Not that we have been idle���  fur our constituents will take care of  that���but there has Ueeu such an absence of talk that one is amazed to see  how quietly things move along compared with former years. We had a  very interesting discussion on railways,  and it is wonderful to watch the growth  of public opinion in the direction of  state ownership. Those who started  this crusade years ago in Canada must  lie more than gratified at the progress  made. I don't claim to be a prophet,  but I believe tbat in a very short time  our statesmen will grapple with this gigantic problem, and no man will do  more towards the realization of this  hope, than the present Minister ol Hail-  ways." We are going to have a big light  this session over (he railway'question,  and, strange to say, British Columbia is  going to be the held of battle.. Other  roads from the American side want to  get in to help us to develop our province. The C. P. It. says we don't want  any competition; wo want British Columbia exclusively for ourselves. A  great many scare crows are raised to  frighten people as to what will happen  if these roads get in, but people are too  sensible to lose either tlieir wits or their  senses over such childish arguments. I  believe the policy of the government  will be free trade in railways, and 1 believe they will receive the support of all  the sensible people in Canada, and the  number of such is not small Jjy any  means. The labor members of~~tlie  house will be glad to get the opinion of  The Ixdki'emiknt on this coming great  fight���the greatest perhaps that has ever  taken place in Canada  The Chinese commission will proceed  to>British Columbia in a few days. The  work has been unfortunately delayed  through'the serious illness of Mr. Miihii,  who has had a very serious operation  performed. 1 saw him the other day  in Montreal, and' though he looked  weak, yet hopes to commence his work  in right earnest. I trust our labor men  will be ready for the commission, and  that they will present such an overwhelming mass of evidence as will compel effective legislation.  Your genial Japanese consul has been  here making himself very busy over the  wrongs (?) endured at our hands by bis  Japanese countrymen.   In season and  Three Things of  Importance   -  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  the Quality good, arid the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here. Tlie  ,past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want, to  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best Ave can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  EI  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. ML TYSON;  WHOLKSALK AND RETAIL DEALER IS  Fish; Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  Yocir_  Sunday Sciif  ���or your working suit  ���which'Is it?'  Both iiio hero���came tn within the  past few dnys bearing the impress of  1901 newness in stylo, in cat, in mu-  teriuls, in mulce, ln prico.  You rcnlly ought to see what your  fellow workmen���tho tailors���are doing,  as their thnrc in tho nilvanecinent of  nv Ideas for our euuntry's betterment.  Johnston,  KerfootfrCo.  Vancouver' His Clothiors.Hat-, ?  ten* ami Men's Furnishers.  104 and 106 CORDOVA STREET.  JOOOOOOOOOO  ,\9 M. BEATTIE, ��  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  OHlce nnd Sales Koom, 167 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, H. C.   'I'liono 8tM.  B4V Farm Stock iind Land a specialty   _  50SOOOCXX)OOOOOOOOOOCOOOOOo  The rate for classified advertisement* is  one cent a word, but no ad. will be Inserted for lees Mian 25 cents. *  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 159; financial secretary, XV. 3. Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-at-arms,  C. J. Salter. Parliamentary committee-  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, J.  Morton. Meeting���First und third Pniday  ln euch month, at 7.30 p. m., in Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 22G meet the last Sunday ln eaoh  month at Union hall. President, C. 8.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, s. J. Gothard. P. O. box 06;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms,  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  L. Woodruff, B. It. ItoWi, J. II. Hrowue.  N    Williams;   delegates   to  Tr.iuc3   nnd  Labor council. J. C.  J.  11.  llrowne.  Marshall, Robt. Todd,  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION-  Mcets second and fourth Saturday of  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vandorwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden? J, Marshall;  sentinel, P. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Labor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J.  Howes.    .  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  NOTICE.  We are a^aln offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools ef Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination with the highest marks ln Reading, 'Writiiig, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For eonditlons apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  A.VogcI -Goiniiicrcisil College  P.  O.  Box 347. Vancouver, B.  C.  The II.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, John Scott; vice-president, Frank  Black; corresponding secretary, Robert  Trotter; financial secretary, Jos. Jef-  fry. Meets every Monday evening dn Union  hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CARPENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday In Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Win. F. McKcn-  zle, -IS* Ninth avenue; vlco-prteiidont,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Collin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; .conductor, Jus. Ferguson; war.  den, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  H. Wilson. o"  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday in each month at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  street. Robt. Barclay, president: R. B.  Rowe, secretary; box 757, New Westminster. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  Amusements.  $AVOY   THEATRE  Sam Xes-Mtt Manager.  7���NEW STARS���7  NEXT WEEK  THE THREE VALORl_S BROS.  TACHER AND CLENOWORTH  GUS LEONARD  MARION BLAKE  And our Mammoth Company of  Vaudivelle Stars.  Hotels.  The"  oiTt.~of~season lnriiiiiTUeeii presenting  very distorted statements us to the facts  of the ease. He has used the press,  boards of trade, he has interviewed  ministers, and presented gifts to the  ladies, but while he was received courteously as he ought to, yet I have reason  to believe that the views of the. representative.! of the people will be those  which will ultimately,prevail.'  Mr. Hulph Smith hns introduced n  bill to amend the Alien act, of which  more anon.   With best wishes.  ���Phiz.?  THEATRE ROYAL  ��� (LITE ALHAMBRA.)  XV. H. Lucas, Thos. Sharp....Manager!  Next Attraction:  will be  Announced | Here  Shortly;  THERE IS  Having the Only Up-to-Date Grill Room  - in B. C. which in Itself is a guarantee  of a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant . .  Seymour Streeet,  INTERNATIONAL' ASSOCIATION OP  MACHINISTS-Beaver Lodge, No. 182-  Moots second and fourth Wednesday in  each .month in Union Hull. President,  Wm. B��er;-corresponding secretary, E.  Tlrr.mlns, 72C Hamilton street;, flnanolal  secretary, 3. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street. .������ ��� ���  JOUR'ENYMBN TAILORS' UNION OP  AMT3RIOA, No. lTS-Moots alternate  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall.' Prt��i-  dent, F. Williams; vloe-prosident, Miss  Graham; recording seoretaTy, H. O. Bur-  ritt: '.Inanclal secretary, Trcmalne Beet;  treasurer, C. E. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J. Daonst.  VICTORIA TRADES AND LABOR  Council meets every alternate "Wednesday at 8 p. m. in Sir William Wallace  hall. President; XV. M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Tagg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. McNlven, P. O. "box 302, Victoria;  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; sergeant-  at-arms, T. Masters.  THE VANCOUVER IJABOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month ln Union Hall. President, Geo. Bartley; llrst vice-president.  Geo. Wilby; second vlco-pfftildont, T. H.  Cross; recording secretary, L. D. Taylor;  financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  CIGARMAKERS' UNION, NO 357.���  Meets the first Tuesday ln each month  In Union hall. ��� President, P. R. Revero;,  vice-president, P. Waxstoek; secretary,  G. Thomas, jr., 148 Cordova street -west;  treasurer, 6. W. Johnson; sergeant-at-  arms, C. Parsons; delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, J. Crow, C. C. Copeland,  D. Morrlssy.'-.;.Y  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for the engineering trade  in Vancouver. -  CHOICEST1���s$>  Liquors and Cigars  First'Claius rooms from CO cents up."  ROBT. HUNTLV,   -   -   PROP  VANCOUVER  FISHER-MEN'S   UNION,'  No. 2. Meets  in La'bor   Hall,    Homer  street, every first 'and third Saturday in  eacr. month at 8 p. m.' Alex. Bruce, jresi-  der.t; Mr. Cndey. secretary. P. O. box 297.  BROTHERHOOD OP PAINTERS ANID  _ DECORATORS, Local Union No. 1S8L���  Meetings firs and third Tuesdays ln Labor Hall. Perceptor, H. Judson; president,.  W. Davis; vice-president, E. Tipper; re-'  cording secretary, E. Tomklns, 536 Fender, .  street; financial secretary," B. Cross. 3002  Quebec street; conductor, .A. J. Sloan;  warden, C. H. Plnder; trustees, C. Sor-  dit, W. Stoney, XV. Baker. *  JOURNEYMEN' BAKERS' * INTE.F_N1A.T-"  ��� IONAL union of Vancouver,.meets flnrt;  and third Saturdays of .the month in Un-.  ion hall, ��� Homer street. President, W.  Webster; vice-president; H. Hollands; fin.,  sec.,' C. J. Salter, 413 Powell street; cor.  sec, A. Coombs. Address sec.. P. Barnes.  Delegates to the Trades and Labor council. C. J. Salter and H. Walker.'  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  Drink l_i>il Cross lieur, the beer Unit's  pure, Toe, pinU, $I.ii0 doz. quarts. Gold  .Seal Litjuor Co., 74li Pointer struct.  The Standard Canadian Pianos  IHE GERARD HIM,  THE BELL, THE IUBE  The Standard English Instruments  THE BROflDWOOD, THE BRINSMEAD,  THE GOLLARD S GOLLARD.  AM tho above at  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  340 Grrtnville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplies.  'The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  o  . . WAKES A SI'HCULTY OF . .  Dfiurs specioi Liqueur, oiso * ���  ���=usher's, block lgbsi Liqueurnimisky  -LARGE STOCK OF-  1MPORTED AND DOMESTIC  Ciqars  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Corker Cordova and Carrall.  SIIIPCARPBNTBRS AND CALKERS'  Association meets the first and third  Thursday in each month ln Union hall.  Clifford Angus, president; George Srrtfth,  vice-president; Wm. McCormack, vice-  president; J. G. Garvin, secretary; Fred.  UcAlplne, treasurer; Levi Whcaten, scr-  Eeant-at-armi. .  AMALGAMATED SOCIETY OF CAR-  PBNTBRS & JOINHRS, Vancouver, 1st  branch, meets every alternate Tuesday,  in room No. 2, Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidson: secretary, J. T. Bruce, 52S Harris   street.  Meetings.  I. O. 'O. F., M. U.���LOYAL THINE FOR  EVER lodge, No. 7392, meets every second and fourth Tuesday dn the month ln  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings street and "Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. G.; R. -T.  Partrtdge, eecretary.  LTDy  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Hunt & Foster, Hastings street.  A. Murray, Westminster avenue.  Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Oondcva street.  Clubb & Stewart, Cordova street.  XV. Murphy, Cordova street.,  (MoR'ae & McDonald', Hastings street,  east.  J. 13. Sheering, Cambie street.  .. E. Farron, Hastings street.  A. Clement, Hastings street.  J. CarreHI, Cordova street.  Bimon & Co., Cordova street.  The best Cough Cure is " BIG 4 "  have you tried it ?  F. O. E.-VAINOOUVER AERIE NO. (,  F. O. E��� meets every Wednesday night,  and second Wednesday only of the months  of July, August and September. Visiting  members welcome. H. W. Findley, W. P.,  Province ofl.ee; S. R. Robb, XV. B.,  World office'.  When in Want  of  fflffimv&ZM  Why do you cough when "BIG 4  COUGH GURE " will cure you.  Printing  Call at  Tbe  independent  312 Blomer ��>t. &\TURDAY....:...... MARCH' 9, 1001  THE INDEPENDENT.  THE GROWTH OF UNIONISM  - According; to.statistics,sent to AT F.  of IL. headquarters,^ the cause of organized la'bor made (substantial gains  during the past year. The following is  a condensed report of the same:  LMIners formed 498 new unions and  gained fi7,0SC members during the year.  The Increase of wages secured will approximate $20,000,000 annually. The  raise ranges from 10 to 20 per cent.,  nnd benefits worker-. In Alabama,  Maryland, Pennsylvania, Tennessee,  'Kansas nnd Missouri, where striikea  were waged ���successfully, ami In other  .states through Joint conferences. Minor (concessions were also made.    '  Oil   well    workers    gained   23    new  unions and .'"11 .members.     Increase  of  .,   wages averages 50 cents for 12 hours.  'Hrlckmnkersmade net gain of seven  , unions  and fiOO  members.   Won   three  strikes.: two pending and one lost.   Secured   eight-hour    day,  recognition  of  the union, and 5 percent, more wages.  ���Potters,   made    net    gain, of    eight  ?.  unions" and'957    members.   AVori    one  "���;.  strike,  secured   recognition    of union,  'uniform tsenle and ;1S per cent. Increase  ..��� of wages. *'.-..     ' .  ; Glass, bottle blowers gained 200 members   nnd   7  per,.cent,    more   wages.  ..-"������Work  eight  and   one-half    hours?per  "* day. i ���  ��� ���   '.'  ���,   IBi'ikeris report net gain of 51 unions  and 1,!>.!'7 members.. 'Won throe strikes,  JO  per cent,   more   wages,   recognition  of union and reduced, labor   time   one  ,  -hour.  iBu tchers made net gain of 38 unions,  :   2,900 members, 10 per cent, increase of  wages, and reduced working time two  to four hours. ���������...'.  Tobacco workers report net gain of  nine unions and 2,149. members.  Cigarmakers   roport   net  gain   of  27  ���i unions  and  6,11"   members.      Won   92  .strikes, compromised 10, lost 20.   Over  Y:one-half of persons engaged .in strikes  secured additional: benefits, and of the  12,153 strikers one-half'were non-union.  ���'..   Tailors    show    net .. Increase? of    44  unions  and. 3,000 members.     AVon    21  strikes,   compromised   two    and    lost  .three, gaining in wages $100,000 n year  . .and $25,000 Without strikes. ,;        ;'  Y   Garment workers  report net gain of  ���39 unions aiid 2.500 -members.     Hours  ��� of labor were reduced, wages advanced  ..nnd. other, mutters adjusted . Ini'js'eve'ral  places by-arbitratlpnij ,    .:   :  , ���   .   ;' *'  ���Ladies' garment  workers    organized  : .nine new. unions, won two strikes and  '���.���/lost four.- and state: wages were raised  ���25 to 30 per cent, and IS, shops union-  Ylzeil.. ',        '>..', Y-:' ���/?;VV'?/:'"- Y,  Hatters;won a strik: and cdmpromiz-  ,ed one. 'Unionized two factories and  .obtained higher wages. . ���  .Shoemakers report a net gain of 22  ���unions and 2.963 members. AVon three  tstrlkes, coniipromised one and lost one.  Secured better prices, and conditions  ���/for many members.  ' Saddlers had net gain of 22 unions  ���and 900 member's. /Won 10 strikes and  lost one,Wages advanced 40per cent.,  and hours of labor reduced.  'Spinners organized tliree-new unions  iind increased membership by 616. Twc  "strikes? were won and. 10, per 'cent,  wages gained. ��� " : /��  ; 'La'cc-./curtain';; operatives ., gnined.10  new members and reduced hours of  kibor and raised wages 15 per cent,  ���without strike.  Elastic web weavers held their own  In organizntion and won' two strikes,  benefiting all the members of the  union. ���':-.". .? '-���'.,..'.  Upholsterers had ne; .gain of five  ��� unions and 207 members. "Won eight  ���strikes, compromised four and lost  two. Approximate gain of wages, 25  per cent. 'Also secured advantages  without strikes.        ���''���'.:..'  Granite cut'ters Increased member-  .-���.hip b.v 1,500. Enforced the eight-hour  .-.lay throughout the country, raised  Wages 16 2-3 per cent, nnd secured genY  -eral  recognition  uf  the  organization.  iPnlnters report net gain . of,. 154  uini.jns and 13,000 .members (largely  /through    amalgamation).       Won     14  ��� strikes, compromised two and lost two.  ���Raised wages nnd reduced hours of labor.  .���Lathers start national union with 59  locals, nearly all of which got more  pay and  shorter hours.";  Amalgamated carpen'.ers,secured live  unions and S09 members." Won 10  ^strikes, compromised one and lost one,  gaining eight-hour day, Saturday lialf-  liolklny and 2 1-2 per cent. Increase in  wages.  Wood workers 'hud net Increase of 51  unions mid 5,400 members. Won 16  strikes, lost two nnd thy��e pending,  the inclense of wages averaging 3.5 per  ceni. Enforced eight-hour day, for 2,-  .000 men in Chicago.  Wood carvers gained one union and  :277 members.   AVon Id strikes, lost two  .and   compromised   three,  securing   10  .'.iper cent, raise of wages and'reduction  ��� of working time average five hours a  ���week.  Coopers had net gain of. 26 unions  ;and '1,148 members.'? Won 15 strikes,  .���compromised three, lostseven.   Raised'  wages 20 per.cent, and.cut-hours. ln.|  iO cities.  Trunkmakers g-ained four wrtons, 85  members and 6.per centc wage3.  Broom-inaikers made-net.gain of 11  unions and 350 members. Six strikes  won and raised wages 15 per cent.  . Carriiige-makers had net gain of 10  unions and 125 members. Won four  strikes, lost 'two and reduced working  time one hour a day.  iHorseshoers had net gain of 11'  unions and 500 members. Won four  strikes, lost four nnd enforced nine-  h.iur day.  liollei'-mukeis report net gain of 44  unions and 2,212 members. Won 49  strikes, compromised three and lost  four; gaining 5 to 10 per cent, wages,  shorter hours and better conditions  generally.  Iron moulders had net gain of 72  unions. ���.'Won' eight., strikes, compromised one, los.-ia. eight pending. Increased wages. Y  ''���-Machinists made net gain of 91  unions and 13.000 members. (Won 24  strikes, compromised nine, lost five,  enforced shorter workday and raised  wages.                    ���  Stea mil Iters gained nine hours, coni-  prnmls'ed one strike and lost two.  -Patternmakers gained 'live unions  and 300 members and better wages.  ,\Von four s.rikes, iodt two, compromised one. "  ';" Stovemomters gained four .unions,  300 members and 5 per cent, in?wages  Lost one strik), compromised one, won  fotir.-','  Tlnplate workers gained two unions  and 300.members, and shorter workday.  'Metal mechanics announce increase  of 19  unions and 2.000 members net.  IMetalpolishers: made net gain of 36  unions mid 2.000 .members. , Compromised two strikes, los't'one, won 14,  raised wages, and, reduced working  time. '-��� ;  Jewelry workers lost a strike, raised  wages.10 per cent, and reduced working hours.'���'.'        ' ���  ���Watch case engravers report eight  new unions and 100 members. Won  three strikes, 15 per cent.; more wages  and abolished piecework.  IBookblmlers gained 10 unions, 1,209  members, 20 per cent, wages, and cut  off an hour a .day from working lime.  ���Won three strikes and lost two. ./  iPapermakers report net increase of  three  unions  and 500 "members. '"-.',.'-  'Printers had net: gain of 67 unions  and 1,500 members.   Won seven strikes'  and  lost 11.   Slight increase in?\vuges.'  ���Plate printers, secure .25 new��� members and  won a strike. Y:���.,  , Musicians  report    net .gain   of    30.  unions.and 2,100.'members;/?    Vc.y' "-  IPi-lnting pressmen': had  net gain: of  27 unions and 2,190 members.:.. Won 15  Strikes and  compromised Ave..',  and  \von  three strikes.   Secured raise  In wages 25 to. 125.per cent. '  Engineers made net gain of 19 unions  and 1.272 members. .Wonjflve strikes,  Ave pending and  increased  wages.  Coal hoisting engineers Increased 19  unions. 400 members, advanced, wages,  reduced hours and won n strike.  'Firemen gained 37 unions, 2,100 members, raised wages, reduced hours. Won  three strikes, compromised one, lost  one....'?-,;���'.'���"'"���-"���:'./'������,,'���'"��� ���'.���'������ "..'���',���   ��� ....  /Railway trackmen had net gain of 60  unions and 1,350 members; Reduced  working time on 10,000 miles of rnilr  way and raised wages by $200,000 a  year. .���        Y .      '��� ''.' ? ���     ���''���". ���  Street railway emloyees show net  gain of 35 .unions and 1,000 members.  Won six strikes, lost three. iReduced  hours ami raised wages In many cities.  Team drivers had net increase of S8  unions and .4,100 members. Won 12'  strikes, compromised two, lost three.  (Longshoremen gained 79 unions and  6.000 members.'.''Increased-.wages 10 per  cent., reduced hours 5 per cent. Won  nine strikes, compromised two, lost  one.  (Retail clerks report net gain of 175  unions and 10,000 members. Two  strikes won,. h_o_urs,j)f,labor, reduced   MUST PROGRESS.  Trades Unions Mutt Change MeUods. Lilts Corporations-Large Organizations Eat I'p  the Smaller Oims*  Early In the week a dispatJh from  Chicago, stated   that  a   warning  had  been Issued to President Samuel Gompers,  of the American 'Federation  ot  Labor,. to profit by the experience of  Ihe 'Knights of Labor and not continue  to Insist upon the consolidation of the  unions and the centralization of pow-  *=i'.   The warning implies ii threat that  If  the American Federation continues  the course adopted  at  the  Louisville  convention    of,   insisting   on   smaller  unions uniting with the larger, Chicago  organization  may   withdraw   from  the national body.   The position of the  Chicago  IFederntion of  Labor    Is   explained  in a Setter to President Gompers which was drawn up and adopted at a .meeting of -the local branch.  Of course, we do uot believe that the  nbave Is correct  in  its entirety,    but  there is:undoubtedly a portion of the  truth   In   il.   The   trouble  is   the outgrowth of a  letter 4>enc .to  the Chicago Federation of 'Labor by President  Gompers,  notifying  them    that    they  must' expel al! unions   not   affiliated,  with .the American 'Federation of Labor.   This Is  no new ruling of the A.  F. of L., as Its constitution -has .contained that provision for a number of  years.   -At the Louisville convention of  the federation, considerable discussion  .took   place  relative   to .the   efforts of  certain unions that are endeavoring to  compel wage earners to become .mem-  b?rs of a union other than their craft  organization.   For instance,, the Brewery Workers' union wants jurisdiction  over engineers In breweries, while .t'he  Engineers' union claims them as members.   At   the  last convention  of  the  Miners' union they decided to admit to  membership any person' em'ployed in or  about, the mines,   such    as engineers,  blacksmiths, machinists and such.  For  several years the 'Printers' union -and  the  Machinists have  been at    sword  points     because     the   Typographical  union claimed as members all machinists employed    on    newspapers.     We  could,  If we, desired,  fill    this paper  with complaints'of unions over questions   of  craft  jurisdiction.   All'.complaints give strength, to our belief that  with the improvements In the Held of  production, the consolidation of Industrie"*, the employment of several -trades  In  one  institution,   in   order ���:, for' the  Miss .M. C. Wal'ton delighted tiie audience by the lively manner in which tlicy  'led the final chorus.     __!_.. DungertieM  made si mo_t amusing Chancellor, ami on  both ociusi'oii-.  received  encores  to  his  songs.   Mr. Turner us ithe wise miiiu, 'Mr.  H. Keith Wiiighl and Mr. II. Martin, aa  tJiu jester and -jioet, were very funny, and  their eccentric dunce created roars of np-  iflause.   Miss tlussie 'Austin ill.* pleased  ,tho audience wit'li 'the milliner in which  she took the 'p.ut of JJcmosU.   The lud  fniiry,  llio  fairy choruses    led    by  the  fairy    grandmothers,    Miss II.    liunlis,  Mi-s (I. IVrry, Miss O. SlAirji nml MUs  Iv. D.iltoi weru especiiilly well rendered,  _tml the dunce aiid <)iiiir(i>tte liy tlie four  leailei-4 both giiiccfu'lly and cleverly performed.   Unn of the most iilu.ir.iiig fc.it-  ui'cs  of ilhc ciite.it'aiimifiil.  wils  by t'he  Tin Gee-gee,   given   'by    the   four lilillc  |i.igcs, '.Mives (.'���oniiic Lue.il-nml Ida Ttnlil,  ���who  were piirl'iciilarly  suiteil    to: their  |;.trU  niul   very  attractive,  und ���M-.t>tcr  Cecil 1 lendcrsoii nml Harold I'crry. ..Mii-s  Marg.niet W.iifou ]H'ovi'd a very ellir.ieiil  iiccoiii]iaiiNl, mid  the    mvlicsli-.t    of leu  pieces p'layeil reiii'.irkiilily well under llie  able   comluctorsliip    of    Mr. G. Dyke.  Miv.   Elsie   Miu-liin's  .-ong,   iilioda   anil  licr l'agoda, wus  loudly ciiijorcd, when  she sang ii verse on  the Women's'.Kx-  i-li.inge,- JVniler street.  I  The Favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  _   Turner�� Beeton ��> Co.  W-iole-iciJe Auentn  The Mint.  Js located at' the corner ol" Carrall and  Hustings streets. Tlio bottled goods are  all lirst-class and tlie prices right for  every one.   Seattle Kniniur Ijcer'^ocents.  Barbers made net gain of C8 unions  nnd !.,lo2 members. (Reduced labor  hours generally and advanced.wages.,  'Walters and bartenders report net  gain of 73 unions and 5,007 members.  Won 1-1 strikes and bettered conditions.  Every member should take .-his local  labor paper.  ~When you want to hire a first-class  horse and bupgy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126.  ave-  O.NMON BAKERIES.  i\V. D.. iMiilr, Mount Pleasant.  IW. 'Murray, Prior1 street.  Montreal Bakery, AVestmlnstei'  nnc. .'     ������;  ���V. Adams, Scotch Bakery, Hastings  street. ���      ���  XV. D. Kent, 56 Cordova street.  J. Oben, I-Iastings street.  '-.r.lnchen Co., Grnnvllle street.  Barnwell ���Bi'ois., CHranvlIle street.  Lfii'gen ���& Tupper, Ciranvllle street.  triide  unions, to .keep pace  wlthi. this  movement of concentration, they must  also: concentrate.. One    union .repre-.  senting  all   the  employes of  a ;mlne  can': deal much better, .and with more.  .KatisfaetionYind with greater success  with" t'he mine owners, than nan several  unions with the Bameend in view.   In  all great strikes in . .large   industries  there  has  always  been .more or less  dissatisfaction,"   because   of    a  clash.'  between  unions,  or  because   the  employers had settled with the more skilled men and they have selfishly- returned to 'work,' leaving the other to .fight  the usual losing battle for themselves.  It is folly for labor to hold put against  the  inevitable.   New  methods  of production   will compel  labor  to  change  its met'hoda also.   Even -If the Chicago  Federation of Labor threatens 'to with-.  draw fronithe American Federation af  Labor it cannot"chan'ge.-the / federation's: position? in.: the?mat'ter.   it will  matter little to the A. F. of/L. whether the Chicago federation withdraws or  not.   Chicago labor unions have invariably  been of a  rebellious disposition.  tSome of them are under the impression/that here are no?unions:.outside  of the Windy'city, and 'hence believe  .tlni't'lf they should wltdraw from any  movement that the movement will eventually ���die; .but   the  labor  movement |  will go on and it 'will progress as rap-  Idly ns  t'he  trust, and  when the 'time  ��� comes   for  linn!   action    the   .Chicago  Federation of Labor, with'every other  labor organization in the country, will  help to line up the solid' phalanx re-  =presenting=*the~pi'Oilucer��=of-the-landi  thnt will make the great effort for the  complete emancipation of tihose .who  toll.  Aliens Deported.  At Rossluml, II. 0., last week, K. ].��.  -iroinneiv of Vancouver, and I'xlwnrd  Williams, Dominion labor commissioners,  were tliero looking into Hie matter of  alien lnbor mill as ti result, of their  labors 111 of the men in Uie employ of  ilessrs. Wiivlers, Pareons &'Boomer, who  havo a.conltiiiet'to do some Work for the  ���Ked Mountain railway, were ordered deported. Tho contractors will' pay the  <wi.iy of the men back to the UnHcd  ���Stiites, where they were engaged. This  lis the lirsl time ili'.it a case of ihis kind  lias come up in British' Colmi_b'hi and the  IK.'iiiulty of a $1,000 line for each contract  laborer brought in was not enforced. The  ijoinmissioners slated, liowevc-', thiit iu  tlio future the law \vould?be enforced to  the letter. The inlteiition of the Federal  aii'thoritiies is to protect the Canadian  'workers 'from unfair competition.  ���Winters, Pardons & liotniier arc promi-  nen/t railroad con'ti-.it'loi's with ollices in  *_])okuiie and Uutte. The linn lias hitd  many largo icomtruels in the nortliwes't.  One of these was the grading of the new  right' of .way of the. Ureut .Northern  through Spokane and the leveling of the  depot sites there for that company. The  home of William Winters, senior meiu-  )>er of the linn, is in Spokane.  I'. O. BOX 200. 'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & Co.,  Whoi.k.sai.e Agents fok  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  13 ru licit*:  MONOGRAM, MAKGUKIUTA,    :      BOUQUKT,  OUU SPECIAL, K)_ JUSTI-_l.O,  KL CONDOR, SARANT1ZADOS, SCI11LLKR,-  Comer Alexander street nnd Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.       K^^jfjl  *���^��� a ?-ht" K,n,: 9uali-y " Shoe has been awsnled the Gold Medd  TT^.r^vTr . ���������,.,, "Khest award at the.Paris Exposition. All goods stamwd wiMi  UMON LABEL Be aura that "King Quality" is branded of yourX��wki��  moans perfect jsatisfaction. '       ���"������^ �����"���  Made by THE J. D. KING CO., Limited, Torontg.  fireenlces Brothers,  LORNE, RARE OLD and  li. B. LIOLELR WB1BSKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to anif other brand.  J.   K.   MECREDY,   Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899. Arcade   Vaults,   Combie   Street  Convalescents need Eisun 1'ort���"the  builder up 01",thu weak"���50c bottle.  Gold i.eul Liquor Co., "-M Pender street.  IPUiBMC OWIN'-BRS-HM* OF KAIL-'  '���:'il/^'        ???rVV*'A5*_3^Y:^  ���'���., The Toronto Star says that the idea  of. ublic    ownership    of -,., railways  'is  gaining ground in   Canada at  a. remarkable  rate.   The ���president not ..the  Lumbermen's Association,  in   making  an acidrees to the members on Tuesday, declared for the .principle' that the  people  should  build * and    control  all  railways.   The president of the Dominion Grange  in  his address  the other  day ' declared  for  the  same principle,  saying; that the government should assume control of the railways, and.if.  this could not b? done itt once, a commission should be appointed to protect  the people.   The idea is gaining ground  and  no doubt will contiRue to do, so  until It becomes irresistible. The-West;  Reglna, says-every day.is adding testimony to support the belief that it ie  only from    government ownership of  railways   that   fair  non-disefiminat'ing  rates nre going to be obtained.  MARKET QUOTATIONS.  Vancouver, March 9,1900.  [Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, 3A4  Carrall street.]  11* vnu w.uit a really good rye whisky  at. a=lovv. price, oiir^oOo^rye-ih^ir.^-tlold  Seal Liquor Company, 7-1(1 Pender street.  To cure la grippe Inside of 4S hours  take FLINT'S BROMO. . GRIPI*!";  CURE. . Giraranteed. 2l-c. box nt McDowell, A'tklns, 'Watson 'Co.-  .   The Sleeping Beauty.  The operetta Sleeping Hcaiity al the  iiint'iiice dust Sa'tiiriHiy was ]ierfonne<l to  u crowded uiidicnee of tlie younjf people  of A'uiwouver, und tigain 011-.'-Mbndiiy  evening following; to 11. well lilled house.  It w-.is {jene'ruMy ndinitteil to be the  pretl.its't figiit ever prescntwl ��� . on the  Blagc in this city. 'the children wero  evidently well taiijrlif. und (ruined,-; und  iippi'iirod to feel themselves quite libit;  lo Viury out whnt they liud undertaken.  Tlie costiniiis were pretty and ell'cctive,  and'dcf.ij,ii6d IiycCMis.s Wulton, - who  Iriiineil the cliiildren, and "Mrs. .Miieliin.  Hiss ISlsiti '"Machiii iirraiigctl til 1 e dances  and (aught thosowhu took part in them.  Tlio Japanese unibrelhi. diincc and the  flower dunce were exceedingly pretty, und  delighted 'tlio ���spct'tutors, Who loudly ilc-  iiinndcd encores. YMiss Qucenie Jlaitlnnd  ns Princess Grysiiil, nml JIV. G. Wood ns  Prince Bnierald, looked und acted their  parts well, and 'their voices lilcndcd  clntrniingly in .the pretty'duet Uicy sung  in 'the .'second part*.   Mr. C. Tanner .and  The Cooks and Waitresses hold tlieir  regular meeting on Kridity evening when  several newnieinliers were added to tlie  roll. This is very encouraging and it  s hoped all union 111011 will cut in Union  houses.  The Painters ' and Deeorators held  their regular meeting on Tnesdny evening. There was a large attendance niid  new members were received. It is hoped  all painters will make application to join  this union. '    '  Flour-  Manitoba Hungarian, sack,  60 lbs    ? 1 35    @ J 1 33  Grain-  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs......    1 75    @    1 70  Oats, ton .'.'    25 00 26 00  Bran, ton...........  IH 00  Shorts, 1 ton...  20 00  Feed-  Hay, ton.;...........;.......   12 00 '�����  1-1 00  Sugar-  Sugar, Sack... .....     5 75 5 75  Vegetables-  Potatoes, 100 lbs   Turnips, 100 lbs   Onions, lb   Cabbage, lb   Celery, 12 bunebs   Farm Produce-  Eggs, doz. fresh   Eggs Case, Manitoba,doz..  Butter, Creamery, prints....  Butter, Creamery, in tubs lb  Butter, Dairy, prints   Butter, Dairy, in tubs, lb....  Cheese, Ontario, lb   Cheese, Manitoba, lb.old...  Lard, lb   Lard 3-lb. pails   Lard 5-lb. pails   Lard 10-lb. pails   Lard20-lb pails   Fruit-  Apples, local, box   Oregon Apples; Box..'.   Vernon Apples, box   Oranges, doz   Lemons, doz   Japan Oranges, Box   Bananas, doz   [Corrected   by   Wide Awake   Butcher   Shop,  Corner Hamilton and Georgia Streets.  Meats-  Beef, Boiling, lb         8     I8-,  ������  Corned, lb.....         S  Steaks, lb  .     10  Roarts, lb 10  Pork, Boast, lb   Chops, lb   Mutton, Legs, lb   "     Loin, lb   "      Chops, lb  _._-   'Sausages, lbrrrrr.   Hums, lb..  CANADIAN  W;*:;.Y?PA^i,iPl^C^  and  11..  (3  125  65  **i  3;..  _  20*  30  25  @  30  20  35  30  35  27  28  20  25  22  ' 15  15  15  . 15  15  45  45  70 .  70  1 4.  1 40  2 75  2 90  75 '  1 25  2 00  -  2 20  1 75.  1 75  25  35  10  15  35  45  25  35  Hnm,'Sliced,'Tb._.'.'  Bacon,'Sliced, lb...  "    Side, lb......  ������    Roll, lb   Veal, lb   Fish-  Halibut, lb..........  Cod, lb...   Herring, lb   Salmon, lb ......  Smoked 1'isb, lb   IB  20  18  10  IS  18  121..  v>\:  18 "  15  _���_.���.._  12W  20  IF  10  10  15  12'..  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  _.. 1  LOWEST RATES. BEST SEftVICL7  To all poiats'in Canada and the United'States.*'  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TBADI  CROSSING THE CONTINENT. .  '1 , SAILING! FOB J.UUN AND CHINA... -, ..   .,",  Empress of China.: February 25th '  Empress of India.'..'. March 25th '  Empress of Japan.'....;;..........;...April 15th.  and every, four weeks thereafter. ,  . SA_LINO FOR HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA;1"'   *���  '  Warrimoo........:...... ........... March Sttr*'  Mlowera: April 5th,  Aorangi : May3i(-,  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to  E; J. COYLE,  A. G. P. A.  Vancouver, B. C.  JAMES SCLATEE,  Ticket Agent,.-- -.  428 Hastings St,, -  Vancouver, B, C  iH'icim  The Helnil Clerks' Assouint km held its  regular meeting on. Tuesday evening  last. There was a good atli'iiilance and  one. of tlie most interesting meetings  ever held. .\n invitation is extended  to all members lo be present at the next  meeting.  SUiBSCBIBE     FOR    THE  PENDENT,  $1.25 A TEAR.  INDE-  FirlNT'S BEOllO GRIPPE CURE,  never fails to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives instant ivlief���  guardn'eed. your nroncy btick. 25c.  box ut "McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  COR. SEYMOUR AND CORDOVA SIS  (near C. V? It. Station.)  Hue old Engllsli Ale, Stout and Beer;  Destold Scolch and Irish uliisky; do-  incstlc and  imported   Cigars,  tiling up 10 tho handle.  fcvery-  Black Lang-  shang Pullets  and Cockerels.  Stock took First Prize at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vniicourer.   l'ricc fi upwards.  tgjs $I.S0 |icr 13.  Brocklou Point     VU    T\     f���,^��,  wghtiioiiso.     w. D. Jones  COMIC "TO   ALEX.   McLEOD  for  Union Hoot And Shoe Krpiiiring Work  Work guaranteed. Prices right.  846 Granville Street,  From Their Nanalmo, Southfleld and  Protection Island Collieries,  Steam,  Qas  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  Double Screened Lump,  Run of tiie Mine,  WtiBlied Nut and  Screening*.  SAMUEL 'M. ROBlks, Superintendent.  EVAXS, COLEMAN A EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  Vancouver, b. c. worth curing. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUEDAY.  .3VIAKCSH 9, .1901  DRIFTWOOD.  Built and run by...  Lue Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  Editorial room Wherever my rem ia paid.  (Pieces washed up by the tide, boomed, sawed,  split and piled for the perusal and pastime ot  paid-up subscribers. also for those who heg,  borrow and steal The Independent in order  that they may enjoy a little sunshine as they  journey through this vale of tears.]  Hard nuts lo cmulc���Loll nuts.  The li'Kislaturu is miking,  StmnKe.-lhiit the railroad company Ihivixno  many rails and build m�� few fenees.  A great number of  curtains  have pole and  hook, yet they never go fishing.  When the thr-.. of. the niunlheoines around  it'SMirprbing how m'.iny people are indisposed  to the bill collector.  Some men ��.oii!.ider that they are the whole  of British Columbia L hem selves. Hui in most  eases they are only a fraction of it, and a vulvar fraction at that.  Nowadays the ehureh that, has the most  beautiful singers, highest salaried organist and  the poorest preacher gets the largest'congregation.      ���-���       "  world reaches that condition calling lor reform in funerals there need not be any astonishment at the general extravagance in the more  joyous and more comfortable phases and  doings of lift*.  "Do you play golf?" the .sportsman asked  A maid he'd socially met,  Sho answered ** Yes, 1 can play the game  lint I don't speak the language yet!"  At a recent social gathering in Vancouver a  lady demonstrated  that she could   hold  her  . breath two minutes.   Within three days afterwards she got nineteen proposals of marriage  aud an offer from a circus.  Kver,yone knows that Satan's color is red, but  no ono knows what the true colors are of some  scoundrels and escaped convicts who pass, Tor  n while, as devout saints.  Some women are tickled when their lord and  master goes down town at evening. They feel  happy, knowing for a few minutes, at least,'  they will enjoy peace and tranquility before  the "maker of life miserable" returns.  U the average girl would practice with as  much patience on the washboard, or cooking  stove as she docs tlie piano what a world full of  hnppy homos this would be.  Whin nonsense it is for newspapers, in thier  accounts of weddings to describe the bride as  being led to the altar.- Most girls could Iind  their way there in the dark.  It is the siime game of territorial acquisition  being played by Knglaiid and France.in Africa,  the black continent, that was once played In  America, the red continent.  The new discovery that Bait quickens action  ofthe heart may result in lovers sending their  best girls loving remembrances in the shape of  dried herring instead of bon-bons.  I'oril and I'rayor.  The skipper of a sailing vessel had as passengers an estimable hut not very courageous  minister and two carole's** young men given to  mischief. A severe storm came up, and although the young men were frightened enough  their terror was nothing to that of tho poor  minister, who was indeed a pitiable object.  ''See here, sir," said the skipper at last, wilh  kindly severity, "do you want me to think  you're more afraid of going to heaven than  those young men are .f going to the other  place?"  La Grippe.  Whilst the war is causing the deaths of thousands of brave men in youth Africa, thtVt modern  scourge the iiilluunzit microbe is abroad in our  land and providing a huge amount of business  for the undertakers.   Ho is, indeed, an enemy  quite as much to be dreaded as the man with  a reform hobby, who at least does not torture  his victim with agonisiug pangs, and a whole  crowd of aches aud pains as intolerable as they  arc relentles.H.   The intluenza post is having a  rare innings.  There is scarcely a place of business  that is not .suffering  from   his   ravages,  scarcely a family some members of which are  not moaning under his tyrannical rule.   Thus  far 1 myself have escaped  from his never welcome attentions.. 1 am not boasting tho ftict-  that is always a risky thing to do--but Imen  tion it to "show cause why" I made it my-ousi-  ness to question nn invalid as to his experiences  during an attack.   Ue gave  me a  glance of  mingled pity and rebuke���one of those glances  that are'not'readily  forgotten.   "How do J  feel?" he said,  repealing  my   inquiry will-  quite unnecessary empluisis, "you may have a  practical experience some day.   11m,  meanwhile, 1*11 try  to convey some  impressions of  the feeling to you.   Imagine a man being interviewed upon the most distasteful episodes of  life, badgereu into parting with his last quarter  by a usurious human  vampire, served with a  hundred  and llt'ty  writs in a single  moment,  jilted by his sweetheart, aud tortured by the  whispers of a thousand monotonous, unmusical  voices, and then you have a small idea of what  his condition of mind  is when he  is iu  the  clutches of la grippe.   As for his physical pains  ���a steam roller grinding over his  bones, a  blacksmith hammering at his skull, aud red-  hot pinchers nipping his tender (lesh, would he  merciful compared with the torments indicted  by influenza."   That ishow a visitation of the  microbe strikes a sufferer.   Possibly, some 'who,  liko myself, have got off scot free, may regard  ii.asan exaggeration. ���,���:__"  Somebody asked Confucius, the Chinese  flnge, about another world, and his reply was:  " Hovr should I, who kuow so little about this,  know anything about another." We have a  great, many men now, not as wise lis Confucius,  . but who think they know more.  No, dear reader, we do uot think you could  procure the situation as milkman at the World  office. They do not keep a cow there as you  suppose. Sam Robb of'the World staff has  ��� patented a new device for sumruouiug his pri-  Tflte valet into his royal presence when heeded,  ���ml inlieuof anything morJ attractive, for  the work desired, selected a cow bell. l\ S.���  Any time you want to hear it ring, go to the  .World oilice.' Sam will "agitate the aunounci-  fltor" for you.  8peak kindly to the wpmau who is workin' for  yer praise, ���  The same way ez you used ter in those happy  counin'.days;  She likes appreciation, jest the same ez me an'  you,  Au* it's only right an' propor that yer give her  . what is due. ;  Don't wait until her lamp of life is burn in' dim  ��   and low,  Afore yer tell her what yer ortcr told her long  ���'ago,'' .���-....���-?.   .*''  Now's the time ter cheer her up an' put her  ,   '" blues to rout��� '     '   ,:  ��� You're lost the chance to do it when the light  goes out. ;  Here is a newspaper gem from California:  The city council of Visalia has passed an ordinance requiring every weekly paper published  In the city to pay a license of $2.50 pur quarter,  and every daily paper 55 for the same period."  We suppose. if the contents of the papers don't  fiuit the council they reserve the privilege of  revoking the license. Those city dads 'are  fitted to be appointed press censors-in South  Africa.  If. 0 If.    '  If you're waking, call me early, call me early,  mother dear,  For upon the stroke of seven Smith, expressman, will be here.  He declared we'd have to hurry if we'd reach  our new abode,  And we dare not keep him waiting for his  terms are six-pur load! *-  We must pack the shabby carpets where they  will he out of sight,  For the neighbors will be watching, and they'll  view them with delight t  And the chiffonier, dear mother, isn't altogether right,  01 'Twould be a splendid custom if we could  but move at night!  The Age of Sensation.  ���We blame the weather reportH for the crimes  ol climate, we throw upon the newspapers  many of the burdens of modern sin. They do  not mind It, for they are pretty good sinners  themselves. But the fact of the whole matter  ts that a pronencss to sensation affects the  entire age.   When   the  leading   race of the  A Pocket Full of Chink,  ilou^to, be a  poet, and   I'm  trying mighty  ''"hard  To be a long-haired dreamer and a yellow jour1.  nnl bard; '..���*���-  1 sneer at wealth and worldly things, and call  them empty trash .  And say,"The gods forbid that 1 should ever  write for cash !"  I'm doing everything lean to tunc my classic  ' ��� "   ear,  So that the muses'  whisper shall  be  all  the  "\   sound I hear���  And' yet there  comes those .moments when  earth's sweetest song, I think,"  Is the bewitching jingle of a ���.'���-'"'���  '   Pocket  --'full.*.* ��� "���    ���������..'  ������-'���'   ". ..-   .of  -.-*.  ',.'.' Chink.  Of course, I find it pleasant just to soar around  and'round ,,  The brow of old  Mount Baker,  where poetic  .   themes abound; ���,    ���    ���   ���  But, 0, to budding poets it would prove a pre-  , ciotisboon, ..  If old Baker would open up a good free lunch  saloon.        ��  For while I feel   that poetry is splendid  in its  - way,   '' .'.'���'  I find I'm really more in need of three square  meals a day:  I'd trade a thousand . rhymWts  for ray  fill of  .'meat and drink���L'  For I long to hear the jingle of a ,,    .  Pocket  ���   .  ;.       full   !  ��� ���       of ../  Chink.    ,"  written by Dr. John Bull in 1G10, and, in fact,  there is such a piece of inutdc which resembles  the present national authem, but Dr. Bull's  music was written in a minor key. There is  also a Scottish work entitled "Remember, 0  Thou Man," which bears a resemblance, but  this was also written in a minor. Another  ballad, entiiled "Franklin is Fled Away,"  written in lfitwi, is in the same form, but there  is a difference in the melody.  In 10W�� Henry Purcell wrote a harpsichord  piece, which bears a resemblance to the last  half of the melody. Kven a king Ugures in the  claims, for it is said that James 11. wrote the  words and music and hud them sung fn his  chapel. It is also alleged that the song was  written for .lames 111. Lully, the French composer, laid claim to writing the tune. And yet  wilh all these claims there seems to be little  question but that Henry Carey, the'composer  of "Sally in Our Alley," was the author  uud composer of thi* great Knultsh anthem. Carey lived to bo Si) years of age  and then committed suicide. When he  died���like a great manv ". song writers  of to-day���he had not a dollar in his pocket.  Carey was a genius and lived a blameless life.  But here is the history ofthe song. It was In  a tavern in t'ornhill in Boston ln 170, tit a  meeting convened to celebrate the capture ot  Porto Hello, that Carey announced that the  song was his own composition, both words nnd  music. He had sung it to the gathered throng  nnd was heartily applauded. There were ninny  witnesses to the announcement. Many musical authorities assert thnt" the iilea that Carey  could have stolen such a striking work is  ridiculous. It,was "God Save Great George,  Our King," when the composition was written.  The resemblance to older compositions is not  particularly strange, for as Klsou explains it,  "Any great national song intended to be performed by great masses of singers, often untrained, must be of simple construction." The  entire compass of this work is less than an i  octave, a great merit. "Such.a tune will |  always hear a family resemblance to many!  others," said Elson, iu his recent work on \  national, music. "Tho chief theme of the  llnalo of Beethoven's ninth symphony, for  example, is as close to "���' Yankee Doodle' as any  of the before-cited tunes are to'God Save the  King, yot no one has accused the great syni*  phonist of stealing, the American melody. It  Is finical folly to dwell upon such resemblances  as having any historical importance." No  sooner had "God Save 0rent George Our King"  appeared and been sung in America than tho  whole English nation took it iip. It was given  a respect equal to that accorded the English  Hag. Haydn, the great composer,* was even  impressed by the popularity of the music in  Kngland. His visits to London in 171*1 and  17!M-'.ij impressed the popularity of the music  on his mind. When he returned to Austria he  determined to write a national anthem for his  own country. He labored on this some time,  and in January, 1797, he produced " Gotterhalt  Franz der Kaiser," the words for this being  written by a poet named Hauschka. This was  but a version of the English-national anthem.  It has been said that this attempt at the composition of a national hymn is the only one on  record when such composition was premediat*  ed. This great English hymn was appropriated by everyone. In different countries it became popular and different composers took it  up. Weber and Beethoven used it. It also  became a Danish national air. Prussia afterwards took it and America accepted it and  applied the words of "My Country,'Tls of  Thee." ; There were other versions used in  America, and other verses written, but all were  forgotten for the present. < ���.- v-    ... ":,  ���lub VeknonI  make of Saturday night a blessing instead of an  occasion of despondency and'gloom for our*  selves and families.  Aware of the danger that menaces us, knowing of our dire extremity, you will ' make  our cause your own, by declaring that we are  entitled to earn our living among you? Will  you not give u�� the opportunity of doing so by  deuiandmg our goods when you spend your  money ?  We feul that you will: for uo man who holds  union principles dear, or who possesses an atom  of human kindness for his fellow workmen,  will refuse to <h> us this simple favor. Fraternally. CllJAllMAKKKS I.NTKKNATIONAL UNION No.  ;r.7, Win. Kfchelberger, president. K. Paul,  secretary.  Try :i buttle of Kist_.ii Port, tlie sun-  sliine ol' California, 50e bottle, ut Gulil  Meal U(]ttor Co., 7-Hi IVmler street.  A FAMOUS BOOK.  Ihe Mint  u  Ih the .ww saloon at tbe corner  of Carrall ami Ilastingis streets. Case  goods are the best, anil thu prices- 0. K.  Seattle Rainier beer, "> cents.  (J old Seal Canadian live is Seagram's  Grand Old Kye. Only, *50c bottle. Cold  Seal Liquor Company"  "thirRness and  Daylight,"  or  Lights and Shadows of New York.  Xo recent publication has commanded more  attention from tho -press, the pulpit, and the  rending public, than this truthful, impressive,  aud startling volume.   It is a thrilling story of  pt/rsoual experience  in  Jtescue Work  undertaken "In His Name" in  Darkest Xew York,  its hundreds of thrilling anecdotes and Incidents, humorous stories, sketches of life and  character,    thrilling    personal    experiences,  touching  homo scenes, and  tales of tender  pathos, with which the volume is packed, were  drawn from the bright and shady sides of ical  JJJt*.  No other book has drawn so many tears  nor provoked so many smiles.  The unquali-  Hed indorsements it has received from ministers of ail denominations, and thu unstinted  praise bestowed upon it by eminent women in  ttiis country aud ling land would till a volume  It has been preached about from famous pulpits, read by lens of thousands of subscribers,  and made the subject of many a clergyman's  Sunday  evening lecture.    Its authorship . is  fourfold, its authors being no less than: Mrs.  JU-leu Campbell, Kov. I.vman Abbott, D. I).,  Thomas W. Knox,  and  the  world's greatest  detective,  Thomas Hyrnes, chief of the New-  York Uetective Bureau.   It contains Wifl superb |  engravings, every oneof them made from photo-1  graphs taken from;iife, mostly by Hash-light.  Kvery face is a portrait, every, scene a steru  reality.   Iu  looking, at  these splendid ���������illustrations  the reader sees, at a glance strange  sights in out of the way places that arc rarely  or never seen by the casual vfsitor: he Is taken  into cheap lodging-houses and cellars; into the  homes of the poor; into newsboys' lodging-  housesr into the police and detective departments,   etc.,���nothing seems, to be omitted.  Sirs Campbell's account of rescue-work is full  of wonderfully touching   incidents.  Strange  stories are here told than romance ueverdream-  ed of, every one of them drawn from real life  by a  womun's hand.   Iu  every chapter she  weaves in anecdote after anecdote, incident  after incident, story after story, and the reader's attention is held breathless to the end of  the volume.   Rev. Dr. Lyman Abbott's life-long  interest pre-eminently, fitted him to write for  this book.   One of the most absorbingly interesting portions,of the book is that written by  Detective Byrnes giving the ripe experience  of thirty, years of detective life. .Many of the  startling revelations he makes are taken from  his private diary.   They have never before been  published.   We do not know when 7-tU pages  have given us more genuine pleasurs.   If we  speak warmly of the book, it is because it richly  deserves it,   It is sold  only by  agents,  and as  might he expected  is  meeting with an  enormous sale.   The work��is published by the old  and well-known Hartford Publishing Co., of  Hartford, Conn.,  whose  imprint  is'sutlicient  guarantee of the excellence of this first-class  volume.'   lioyal Octavo, 710 pages;" *_��0'J. line  plates, steel portraits, and text illustrations.  ArcpyEe House  JUST ARRIVED  The Latest and Up-to-Date  Ladies' aod Children's Hats, Blouses,  88 Ladies' Wraj|>i>ers, Ginghams, Prints, Muslins,  Dress Goods, Laces, Embroideries.  MR   WKSTM-NTSER   AVKNCE,  OPPOSITE   CITV   H.U.I..  oooooni  -ooooec.-,  OOOOOOOOfi  Partis ���  holds the balance oi' powov when it conies to a <%\  *P question of Kitchkx furniture, and that is the <���  ^ subject we are most interested in.   Wc Want <fr  *P Every Working Man to gi vo us an opportunity -^  ���$ of showing the good points of McClary'S ' �����*   ^  *P Famous Range.   It is the best and the terms ^  ! Wm. RALPH   ifyg-SSG �� |  NcLennan,  McFeely ���� Co.  LE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  Hardware  "WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  Slielf and Heavy  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  An inspiration's mighty line to stir the poet's  breast, ,"������'������' ....  Uut good corned beef is better fur for rounding  out tho vest,  And while I yeuru to let uiy thoughts in gruce  (ul couplets troop  Such things ure disappointing wheu a fellow  longs for soup. '.'-.. ;    ,  I'd like to be the second .cook  in some real  good hotel,  And my poetic license I  will very gladly sell  For two good dollars, round- and hard���1 long  to hear them clink  And listen to the music of a  Pocket  '    full ' '���   '  ��� of  ? Chink...  "G6d=;Save=tlie=Qtieeni"iA=Short!=Sketch=of:  the British Anthem.  Of ull the national songs ever written there is  none which has been put to more diverse uses  by the nations of the earth than " God Save the  the Queen," Though the last word in the title  will be sung "king" instead of queen, from now  on, for a time, at least. '  This English national anthem has become a  patriotic song In Germany even. It has been  used there since l"9'l, under'the title of" Hell  dlr Im Sicgcrkraiiz," according to musical his.  tory. It was also adopted In -Switzerland and  has received many American and other settings. The beginning of" God Savo tho Queen"  is wrapped In mystery. In that particular this  song Is not unlike many other national works.  The llrst claim for the music is that It was  A few Prices.  ; tiucdoz   (iScdoz  To convince uou that  economy directs uou here  Covered Vegetable Dishes....toe each  Cream Jugs.......... 10ceach  Butter Pads.. 'ATcdoz  Fruit Saucers :t3c doz  These goods are Royal Somi-Porceliiln, pure white In color with embossed  pattern.   Call and see them.  FR^DBRICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China IIali., llu Hastinos Street.  Smoke Union Label Cigars.  Fell.w Unionists���Owing to present unfortu.  nate conditions, which are imperiling the  very existence ot tlicCigormakers' International Union of Vancouver, >ve feel that it is absolutely necessary for us to nppeal to the sentiment of loyalty aud fratcrnallsm which actuf.  atcs every loyal -Trades Unionist of this city.  In' a word, we need assistance. To Trades  Union hypocrites who, wheu called upon,' talk  a good deal but do not act, we have nothing to  say. We appeal exclusively to the man who  possesses tlie heart to feel that the misfortune  of his Ilrother Unionist is his own. misfortune,  and who upon that kindly Impulse acts, and  acts quickly.  Much might be said relative to the Cigar-  making in this city, but let it suffice when wc  say that the industry Is in ,11 deplorable condition, caused principally by the enormous  consumption of Knstorn scab and lilthy tenement house cigars imported and sold here.  And the worst fcuturc of the situation is that  the greatest portion of those Eastern imported  scab cigars arc smoked by the working people  of Vancouver.  Tbis'lamentable indifference to our interests  on the part of our fellow workmen in this city  is in effect destroying home < manufacture und  virtually crushing the cigarmakers' Union out  of oxistencc. "  Can the total extinction of our industry be  prevented, aud can the Union recover its former influence and standing-V���\Vc=answer,-yess-  decidedly yes.  How can this be accomplished? We answer:  If our fellow Trades Unionists will espouse our  cause and make a personal effort in our behalf,  our trade and union niay be rescued from its  present position of peril and jeopardy to a  certainty.  Which is the most effective effort that our  friends can make to help us? We answer: Demand a Union Label cigar when you smoke.  It you buy a cigar in a saloon see that the  Union Label is on the box. If you buy a cigar  In a grocery store see tlint the Union Label is  on the box.  It you buy a cigar iu a restaurant or lunch  house see that the Union Label Ik on the box.  If you buy a cigar in a cigar stand, in a notion  store, In a drug store, in a theatre, ln a variety  show, at a picnic, or nt any other place where  they may be sold, call for a Union Label cigar,  lly doing this remember that you assist us  Iminensly without Inconvenience to yourself.  Kemeinber that every twenty-five follow  unionists who demand Union Label cigars may  be the moans (Indirectly If not directly) of  placing one of our members at work; as this  very demand will compel retailers to sell onr  cigars, not only to them but to the genera*-  public as well.  Kindly estimate the number of cigarmakers  that our fellow unionists of tills city may place  at work if they will only muke n continuous  nnd well sustained crusade on our behalf. Jte-  lleet!   Is it not worth an effort?  Remember that wheu you demand our Union  Label cigar that you are giving us employment;  t hut you arc giving us bread to break, and you  If I Should Die To-night.  If 1 should die to-night,  And you should come to my cold, corpse and  ?"* say,  : -    .'���'���   .   ������''������  Weeping nnd heartsick o'er my lifeless day-  ill should die to-ught,  And you should come  to mo in deepest grief  '  and woe  And Sfay: "Here's that 110 I owe," .-.-.  .   .  .  I might arise in white cravat,*  And say:   "What's that 1"  ���     If I should die to-night  And you should come to my caul corpse aud  kneel,??  Clasping my bier to show the grief you feel���  1 say, if 1 should die to-night  Any. you should come tome and there and then  Just even hint'bout paying me that ten,  I might ariBe the wnlle,  ��� ���; . But I'd drop dead again;  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  "WHOLESALE GIJOCEHS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  ft^F Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Clears and Smoking Sundries.  Our Annual 5ale.of  Footwear^sg^  Vaunts forth to-day. ' Wc offer our entire stock, including $10,000 worth of New Union Made Goods at  actual cost. Three days only. Come early and  avoid the rush.    Cash only.  R. MILLS,   I o Cordova St  W. A. McDonald  H. AV. Robinson  Teleplione 651.  PJjINT'S BROMO grippe cuke.  neve;- falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours. Gives instant relief���  uiaranltcd, your .money back. 2_k_.  l)ox at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  A Bb^ Blaze ^  J.f'you'want good-dry- lir  Svood  rill;;  up  Tel.  .S.">,'..  nr cnll on tin;  I'iicific.    "���"nf"    Co.,     I.")")!)   Wi'gt-  niiiiKti.r AviMiue.  Wis invite cMiiiipsiriaon,  toey-Harris and Steams  ALL STYLES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The best place lu B. C. to have your  Bicycle repuirud.  Western Cartage Co  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons  for  all   Purposes.  ORDERS TAKEN f OR WOOD AND COAL  Oflice: 314 Cambie Street.  For all kinds of  Tlie only union shop in the city.  Society ltnnners n specialty.  '25 Hastisus Strekt.  MACFARLANE, ROOME & CO.  Real Estate Agents,  House Renting,  General Insurance,  Accountants, Auditors, Etc.,  Estates Managed.  442   Westminster Avenue.  Telephone 699  J. D. Murray, Proprietor of  Hewtou'* Bakery  Will deliver hrund in any part of  Vancouver at 26 loaves for One  Dollar.  Prior Street. ��� Telephone 587.  tVE carry_^>  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of tlio very best quality,  35c, 40c and SOc per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  MO WcBtininsUr Avenue.  Watches  Wo are offering Watches  tit bottom prices.  DWIH BROS., tt Jewelers  HO CORDOVA SfRKET.  ���������������������������������������  GEO. HAY   : |  I  ���  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Keuovntor, lnnkes a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  210 Cambie St., Vancouver.  Wc arc prepared to supply  all your wants. Every purchaser shall get full value  lor their money. Make out  vour list and come to���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and'  "14 Arcade  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General    -�����-*,  Consulting Meeliaiiiciil Engineers  520 COIIDOVA ST. W��� Vakccuvkr, B. C. Tel. 76  Patentees and designers of the Hardie*:  Thompson water tuuo boiler, now high  speed   reversing; engines, and. special  machinery In light sections for (mines.  Propellers Designed. Engines indicated anb  adjusted.  ,  Solo ngonti 111 B. ti. aiid N. W. Territories Jo  tlie United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd.  London, Eng.  ���"*���*< <v  w����>����pPffi

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