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The Independent Feb 9, 1901

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Array HEW YORK LIFE INSURANCE CO  The oldest and largest international company ln the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Tred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Block, Vancouver.  ft  OTTAWA FIRE INSURANCE CO?  .\>n  Authorized Capital   iplta"   r       H,500,00O  Subscribed Capital   - - 1,300,000  Ciovcmmcnt Deposit -       81,000  H. J. Moorehouse,  General Agent for B. C. and Alberto.  ISO and 31 Flack Block, Vancouver.  VOL. 2.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 9, 1901.  NO.220.  i ���  'j il  CANADIAN LABOR NOTES.  TIih brooiniiiakers ot Toronto havo organized ii union of 25 memliers.  J. II. Addison has Ik'CH elected president of tlio Toronto Tui'ora' Union.  Tin! tanners nnd curriers of St. Jlya-  uinthc, (Jui-.r have formed a union of (H  ���members.  Carpenters nro nsked to stay away  from llruco minus nt present. Conditions unfavorable.  Winnipeg lias a school population .of  fiver 12,000 and accommodation for only  half tlint number.  A movement is on foot at Hamilton,  Ont., to organize il pure milk combine)  wilh a capital of $100,000.  The carpenters and joiners of Rossland  ."have issued a demand for nn eight-hour  ���day to take effect March 1st.  Preston, Ont., has a notion for public  .ownership. An engineer will value the  two electrical plants, with a view to the  ���corporation purchasing same.  President Landers of the Hamilton  Trades and Labor Council has been  ���elected vice-president of the new economic league instituted there. Bov. Br.  .Lucas is president.  'Since the "Manitoba Factories Act was  passed in 18i)0 no provision has been  ���made for the appointment of an inspector. The premier says that one will be  appointed at once.  John A. Hett, vice-president of the  "Dominion Trades and Labor Congress,  is honored by having a, page portrait  published in thu January issue of the  .American Federationist.  Forty girls who were employed by the  Dominion Suspender Company at Niag-  '.ara  Falls  are  on strike because their  wages have been reduced from $4 and  ���$3.50 u week to $3 and 1.2.50.  John Acheson, of Toronto, is a eandi-  ���<late for re-election as third vice-prcsi-  -dent of the International Metal Polish-  ���ers and Brass Workers Union, while J.  R. Gray, of London, is a nominee for  fifth vice-president. ������'--   ��� -  Tlie Nanaimo Blacksmiths' Union  .elected the following -officers, on Satur-  ���day'afternoon: _*l'resident,'sW. MeCur-  rach; vice-president, D. Logan; secretary, G. Baker; treasurer, F. Beck;  ���delegates to T. and"' L. Council, G.  .Baker and A. J. Ross. *  The Boot and Shoemakers' Union in  'Toronto is preparing a circular announcement to be sent to all the unions  in Canada informing them of the correct  ���standing of four firms in Toronto and  -one in Hamilton. The membership of  the union is about 500.  The law of Ontario regarding fire  ���escapes does not give the inspectors  power to compel owners of buildings to  ��� erect lire escapes. It only deals with  the proprietors of factories. Trouble  ���then occurs between the proprietor and  -owner!   The law will be changed.  The names of tho newly elected officers  ��� of the Winnipeg Bakers areas follows:  President, Bro. Coltart; vice-president,  H. Elliott, financial secretary, Jacob  Bye; corresponding secretary, G. Black-  well ; treasurer, W. Crawley; sergeant-  at-arms, 11. Dunbar; delegates to Trades  ���Council, J. live. R.'Coltart, U. Black-  well.  A recent meeting of the Winnipeg city  -council committee decided that it was  ���tne work of the Retail Clerks to see to  the enforcement of the Early Closing  ���.bylaw, claiming that it was passed with  that understanding. This matter will  .be considered by the Clerks and steps  -taken to maintain thu boon of six o'closk  < closing.  The, postmen of Winnipeg have formed  buried at the royal chapel at Windsor.  Victoria, the exemplary wife and mother, will continue to live in the hearts  of  all  virtuous  people.    There was a  very nicu littlu  story  that went  tlio  rounds uf every  English family some  forty mid years ago, pertaining to thu  early  wedded  life of Queen   Victoria.  The .digital, people liku to tell this story  about their queen and her husband, as  it is their idenl of the standard of man  nnd wife.   It seems that the queen und  her husband, Prince Albert, as her consort was always called by the English  people, had a "little spat" about their  domestic affairs, ami  the  prince took  umbrage and retired to his private room.  In a few minutes a sharp rap came to  his door.    "Who's there?" demanded  the prince.   "The queen!" exclaimed %  voice in authoritative tones.  The prince,  did not reply.   In a moment another  louder rap was made  upon the dopr.  "Who's there?" asked thu prince. "The  queen," replied a very imperative voice,  with a stamp of the foot.   The prince  was silent.   In a moment more another  rap was made upon the door, a gentle  one this time.   "Who's there?" asked  tho prince.   "Victoria," replied a gentle, affectionate voice.   "Oh, dear; come  in!" exclaimed her husband. The moral  presented was this:   Victoria was the  queen of Great Britain and Ireland, but  her  husband  was  the  head  of  their  family.   There was just one place in all  Queen Victoria's realm where she was  a subordinate, and that was as a wife in  her own household.   Shu had a prerogative us thu head of the nation, which  she dare not use; her husband had a  prerogative as the head of the family  which he dare to use, and she as a sensible woman respected it, and the English people loved her all thu more for it.  ���E.   Clayson,  Sr.,   in  Seattle   Union  Record.  The income of .The British' Columbia  Permanent Loan and Savings Company,  of Vancouver, for the niontli of January,  1901, amounted to $20,327.75, or about  four times as much as the income for  the same month-last year.-*-' *-"-.?-��-.-..  the Winnipeg letter Carriers' as.-ocia-  ition, which will hold monthly meetings  hereafter for the discussion of matters  ��� of important to the members .and for  .���social puriioses.   Thu officers of the new  ..association are:   President,  Wm. Burrows; vice-president, II. Godfrey; secretary,   II.   Ullington;' treasurer,   Tom  Thomas; delegatus to Trades and Labor  ��� Council,  Messrs. II. T. Bush, McMillan  .4ind l.illinglon.  Moru of the Scotch miners have left  Union, V. I., and a few now remain,  .���rfome of those last to leave havo gono to  .the Crow's Nest, others to Extension,  .���and others hack to North Britain. They  ���declare tlint. despite Mr. Uunsmiiir's  promise to dischargu 'all Chinese initio  workers, they wero continually asked to  ���employ Chinamen. There are only 20  ���Scotsmen now luft at Union of the 135  ��� originally imported, ' .'*"��� Y  A Good Wmim.  We hope that Victoria, tho dutiful  wife and affectionate mother, has gono  to heaven. We do not caro so much  where the queen is.   The queen will be | ronto.  Cash buyers look to. your-interest;  buy your t'roceriesironi the "City Grocery Company,' the wonderful cheap  grocers, Westminster avenue.  FROM SFATTLE.  Wetter* Central tabor Union and Clerks Elect  Officers-Other Items.  Tins following ofliivrs were elected by  thu Western Central ]_al>or Union to  servo for the unsuing six months: President, Alfred Isom; vice-president; Jus.  1*. ("irillin; secretary, W. H. Middlcion  (10th year); reading clerk, Wm. Connolly; treasurer, l'eturliill.  The Clerks' Union have elected officers as follow-.: President, W. J. Akers;  vice-president, Joseph Schermer; secretary, F. P. Porter; financial secretary,  C. O. Tvete; treasurer, A. M. Hummer;  guide, Henry Loub; guardian, J. R.  Brown; trustees, M. Summerfield, L. E.  Wolfe, Wm. Wilkinson, J. B. Friedman,  I). Magnus, C. S. Clloeker, A. A. Ilebert;  delegates to AV. C. L. U., A. M. Hummer  and J. P. Grillin.  A great deal of time has been devoted  to preparing the articles of incorporation  for the proposed nuw labor temple.  Copies have been struck off and sent to  tho various unions composing the central body. As soon as possible they will  be filed with the secretary of state for  record.  Tlie Butchers'. Union are organizing  the packing house employees.      ���>  ��� The clerks have started a sick benefit  fund.  . The plasterers are having some difficulty with unscrupulous contractors���  violating tho eight hour clause on work  done for the city.  The building trades report work fair.  The elevator operators are making an  effort to organize a union, and they will  succeed too. Seattle people are built  that way.  Tlie ship carpenters of Seattle and vicinity are now regularly affiliated with  the American Federation of Labor.' These  workers have for years been organized as  an independent union. They have had  many hard fights for existence, and have  always shown themselves to be true  union men.  ery member of thu union must bo ready  to quit work whenever the order to  strike is issued. There aru about 135  machine shops in Chicago and only 30  of thorn are controlled by mcmlxirs of  thu National Metal Trades Association.  Thu association has madu an agreement  to grant thu fi-hour day in May, and  President O'Connell says ho has no fear  that thu promise will not bo kept,  Troublu is uxjieeted in atiout 100 shops,  New members arc joining the organization at the rate of 1,000 a week. Machinists aru anxious to gut into thu  union and join in tho shorter workday  movement. Many non-union men are  expected to strike, as they are protesting -against the present long workday  and small pay.  Electric Soap; 12'eakes for 25c at The  City Grocery.  A SHORTER WORK-DAY.  Living on fiee Cents a Day.  The following is thu scale of dietary  employed in the Middlesex jail, London,  Ontario.  Breakfast���One pint of gruel made  from oatmeal or Indian cornmeal, and  eight ounces of bread, with syrup.  Dinner���live ounces of cooked meat,  without bone; eight ounces of bread and  eight ounces of potatoes on three days  in the week; eight ounces of bread, one  pound of potatoes, and one pint of gruel  on two days in thu weuk; a pint of soup  and eight ounces of bread on two days  in the weuk.  Supper���One pint of gruel and eight  ounces of bread, with syrup.  In the case of those who are sick, or  insane, there is a little addition made,  namely, milk, sugar and tea. There is  also a little additional strength of food  given in the case of those who are subjected to hard labor.  The total cost ot each person is five  cents a head a day. Including the allowances for the sick, the total cost  would be five-and-a-half cents each a  day.  Tho foregoing looks like a meager  diet, but Governor Boston says the ordinary prisoner goes out into the world  after a few months of this regimen  practically made over, as much* so as if  lie hud been at a sanitarium.  What light  does  this   throw  on  a  greater simplicity and-Iess expensive"  ness of ordinary life? It is generally  recognized that people eat a great deal  more than the exigencies of good health  demand. A greater simplicity as regards both quality and quantity of diet,  and we would have fewer dyspeptics.���  London, Out., Advertiser. ?  .Money saved is money  made.   Buy  your groceries at The City Grocery.  The l/ird's Day Alliance" isco-oporut-  ing with the labor unions of Kingston by  petitioning for shorter hours in workshops.  The income of Thu' British Columbia  Permanent Loan and and Savings Company, of Vancouver, 11. C., for the year  1000, amounted to one hundred and  eighty-five thousand three hundred and  sixty-seven dollarsandeighty-eightcents.  Buy your groceries from The City Grocery Company, the cheapest, most reliable and up-to-date grocers west of To-  A shorter work-day would give grc.it-  ur opportunity for social and educational  development.  The price of labor is regulated by.- the  snPPly- ^n eight-hour work-day would  reduce the supply.  A bill making eight hours a legal  work-day was recently defeated by the  Norwegian Parliament.  Tlicre are hundreds of women in  China who kill themselves every day  because their lives are too miserable to  do borne. Tn civilized countries work is  done in a .more humane way. Men's  labor ends at set of sun, but women's  work is never done. The result is known  to everybody. Our cemeteries and  asylums are prematurely filled.���Citizen  and Country.  Prominent labor men claim that the  eight-hour day has made a radical  change in the desire for strong drink  among members of trade unions. To  prove their claims they point to tlie disaster that overtakes all wlio open saloons  in "Labor row." Several years ago  there were six saloons within 100 feet  of the Building Trades Council headquarters. At the present time there is  only one. While on an average 10,-  000 men meet at 187 Washington street  every w'eek, it is said to be a rare thing  to find half a dozen in any of the saloons  in that neighborhood.���Chicago American.  Because- tire-present- long- liour-day"  many are unemployed, and the man on  the street fixes the wages paid to the  man at work.  ^Liibor saving machinery has increased  the producing capacity of workmen, who  in justice should be. afforded more  leisure.   ���..  The eight-hour workday would in  crease the longevity of the workers.  It would give greater opportunity for  social and educational development and  it would raise the standard of living.  Progressive New Zealand.  The following legal decisions were  made during October, 1900, showing thnt  the factory acts are enforced in New  Zealand:  '- Auckland���One ease under the factories act���two charges: One for employing lad under 18 years of age on  Saturday afternoon; penalty 10s., with  9s. costs. One for employing lad under  ill years of age without certificates of  fitness from inspector; penalty, ��1,  yvith !)s. costs.  : Napier���rOne case under the factories  act���two charges: Ono for employing  two females after 6 o'clock without permit; the other for neglecting to' keep  buferdoorof factory unfastened, penalty, ��2, with ��110s. (3d., costs for each  charge; total, ��7 Is.  Wanganui���Six cases under the shops  act, for failing to close shops on the  half-holiday; penalty, Is., with 7s costs  in each case.  Wellington���One case under the shops  act, for failing to close shop on the half-  holiday ; penalty, Is., with 7s. costs.  ''Duiiediu���A-charge under the shops  act, failing to give a carter the half-  holiday, was withdrawn, as the employe  was working only five minutes after the  prescribed time.  During October, 3,899 unemployed  workmen were giv��n,employment on.the  Government co-operative works.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  tlUITK llimsllKNT.  Canada for tne Canadians is all right,  but Canada for the Canadian Pacific is  quite another matter.���Toronto Star.  ODdllT TO QUIT.  A county council that doesn't know  the difference between a bridge and a  culvert ought to quit.���Toronto Star.  AVOID IIKlNIi TAXKD.  Under our system of taxation we-say,  Ui the man who owns a ramshackle  buildingonKingor Queen streets: "That  is all right as it is; don't you build anything better or we'll multiply your  taxes."���Toronto Star.  DIPKKRKKT IX  100 YEAKS.  After Victoria but one actually ruling  queen remains���Wilhelmina of Holland.  Of seventy-four rulers on the earth,  twenty-two are presidents, fifteen are  kings and six are emperors. This is one  of the things which will not "bo the  same in 100 years."���New York World.  -' Gold Seal Eisen is abeautiful California-port. Ricli and strengthening. Gold  Seal Liquor Co,  Likes the Name.  The Toronto Telegram says that Ireland and Scotland would have been well  content if the now king had chosen to  wear the name of Patrick on the throne.  Scotland loves Edward as a name for  kings like Ireland loves Cromwell as a  name for soldiers. England is the predominant partner in the United Kingdom, and the sentiments of England  have alone been considered by the king  in the choice of a name. Scotland may  have wished that the king had chosen  a name other than that immortalized in  Scots Who. Hae ":  See approach proud Edward's power;  Chains and slavery.  But if the name " Edward " recalls tyr  anny to Scotland it must also recall  Bannockburn to England, and in any  event the new sovereign can plead tbat  he liked the sound of Edward better  than the sound of any other name in his  numerous collection.  1 Red Cross Iteor; 75cdozen pints; f 1.50  dozen quarts, if bottles are returned.  Gold Seal Liquor Co.  A Gljjatlc Strike.  Arrangements are being made for a  gigantic strike of machinists to secure a  shorter workday in shops not controlled  by the National Metal Trades Association, says an exchange. The strike will  affect every city in the United States  and Canada. President James O'Connell held ;i' secret conference with the  officers of the district court of Cook  county and notified the council that ev-  A Men's Life.  Man that is born of woman is small  potatoes and few in a hill; in infancy he  is full of colic and catnip tea, and in old  age he is full of cuss words and rheumatism. In youth his mother taketh him  across her knee and sweetens his life with  her slipper, and when he is a man grown  the sheriff pursueth him all tho days of  his life. He spreadcth like a bay tree.  He_gettetli���into office, andhis friends  cling to him like Hies to a sugar barrel  He swelleth with vanity and cutteth ice  for a while, but is hewed down at the  next convention and is cast into the salt  box, and his name is Dennis. Out of  office and out of friends he soon gets  busted, and lieth down in the cow pasture beside tho still waters of the brook.  He dieth out of the world and goeth  where it is warm enough without clothes.  The last end of this man is worse than  the lieginiiing.������Ex.  ' TOO   SQUEAMISH.  The allied troops have looted every,  thing in sight in China. And it is inti  mated that missionaries, God-fearing  men, were among the most active,of the  looters. Well, what of it? The allies  are Christian; the Chinese are heathen.  If a Christian can't rob a heathen, who  the deuce is he going to rob? Some people are altogether too squeamish.���Ar-  kansaw Thomas Cat.-  SUI1U.MK  VS. KIDICUI.OUS.  AVe are just as loyal as the next, but  we do think the Vancouver World is  piling it on more than a little when,  speaking of the king, it says: "He walks  upon the earth and 520,000,000 human  beings feel the least pressure of his foot."  Nanaimo Herald. *  A PAKADOX.  * Thus we. see-that if. capital increases  fast, competition among the laborers increases still faster, that is, the means of  employment and subsistence decline, in  proportion at a still more rapid rate;  and yet, none the less the most favorable condition for wage lalior lies in the  speedy increase of capital .���The Socialist,  ���  XOT TOO CLOSE.  'Do you like a close shave?" asked the  idiotic barber.  "No," thundered the victim. "Handle  that razor more carefully. I'm not fond  of hairbreadth escapes."���The Colonist.  NO UOOD.  Canada's alien labor law is a first-class  fake, nothing in the gold brick line being a circumstance to it. The Siocan  had a painful illustration of its workings,  two years ago, showing how completely  this prohibitive law fails to prohibit.  And now Toronto has a tasteof it. Labor  Officer Williams, who is investigating  charges against firms in that city for  alleged importations of labor from the  United States, says tiie law applies only  to naturalized citizens of the United  States. A number of firms have imported Hebrews from New York who  were unnaturalized, and consequently  the law doesn't reach them. Wouldn't  that rasp you!���The Siocan Drill.  Red Cross is the purest and best beer  sold in Vancouver. Gold Seal-Liquor.  Co., 741! Pender street.  AMONG THE UNIONS.  Bikers Subscribe.  Following amounts have Irvuii , suli-  scribed by the. bakers for a striking  oaker at Winnipeg; -  H. EvaiiH. ., .....11 00  T. Carroll.  1 00  V. McCroe.....  1 00  II. McKinsock  1 00  F. Rawlln-p  1 00  W.Ilsrncs  1 00  J. Salter,...,.....,. .'  1 00  A. Coombs  -100  J. Webster  SO  8. Walker  40  W. Wood  30  R.Phipp��  25  nolo  "Cigar Makers' union, No. 357, met in  the Labor-Hall on Tuesday, Feb. 5.  Vice-president 'P. ���Waxstoek took the  chair, and Installed the new ofllcers as  follows: (President, A. Kochel; vice-  prieedlne, C. Crowder; secretary, G-  Thomas, jr.; treasurer, S. W. 'Johnson;  aargeiint-iit-iirins, J. '"ft". iBratt; 'finance  committee and trustees. C. Crowder, F.  Jost iiml F. Gueiither; executive board,  C. Crowder, J. C. ���Pcnser, H. Kolthnm-  mer, F. Ciuonther and G. Thoinne, Jr;  delegates to the Trades and-Labor  Council J. Crow. . F. JOMt and A.  Kochel. The minutes of the previous  meetings were read and adopted. The  delegates to the Trades and Obnbor  Council reported Hint the question was  ruined thnt the blue label wns not  registered'-In",'Camilla, and that nny  one could use It thai wanted to. The  secretary was requested to write the  Trades anil Labor Council, asking that  body to furnish this union through its  meiribere with nny evidence ot bogus  labels, or any box of cigars with a  Iblue label on not furnished by the International union, and this union will  take steps  to prosecute any offender  according to law. A communication vtug  received from J. S. Tait, asking (co-operation und assistance in receiving tho  Vancouver contingent of tire 1st (IJatal-  llon Royal Canadian IReglment Soutla  African 'Held force. The same Tielnc  too late .for action, was (lied. OProm tha  Slwun City Miners' union, stating that  the dealers there complained that the  blue label cigar was inferior to the leaf  cigar. Secretary was Instructed to  write, stating that it the dealers would  buy the same priced blue label cigar  ns scab, they would get a better cigar  all round, made under good healthy  conditions, and Iby white labor, wl��JI  were .paid a fair price. Five dollars were  granted 'to Tampa, Fa., unions, now  out on strike; also to Thos. 'Le ffenne,  wlio was Jive yeans sick and bad to  have his leg amputated, and Is a member of mnion 373, 'Sherbrooke, Quebec.  A motion was adopted granting $5 to>  The Independent fund for news boys.  The following returning officers wero  elected to "have charge of the election  of International officers, to be held on  Saturday, Feb. 0, -from & to 6 p. ra.z  G. Thomas,; J. C. Crowder, J. C. iFen-'  ser. A letter was received from G. *W��  Perkins, international president, in reply to a telegram that our blue label  was registered in Canada by ,"Wm. 'V. ���  Todd, who was then third vice-president.  Meeting then adjourned.  Notwitlistiindinfe the solemnities Of  last Saturday, local union Xo. 46 of tha  Bakers and Confectioners had a fairly  full meeting, and some spirited discu-t-  sions took place. The campaign against  the only .non-union bakery in the city  will be more actively carried on, and all  union men and sympathisers are earn>- -  cstly requested to give their assistance  In mnintalnig the principles of the organization. It should not be forgotten  that recognition of unions is si vital  point in these.  . The blue label  of the Cigarmakers**'.  International  union1   is   -registered ia.  Canada by "Wm..V. Todd, of Toronto,-  ���Ontario, who was at the time of regiu-r  tration .the-third ���vice-president,'  ani*"-;*;  consequently   is  legalized.   Any" infor- '; ���  matlon therefore leading to the usins l  oT-bogus labels, will be used .in prose���. ,-'���  outing  the offending    parties  by  tha  Cigarmakers' union.    ,  Waiters and Waitresses and 'Cooksr .  held their weekly meeting on Thursda-R  evening. President Owens took the*  chair, and the meeting was one of the  brightest since the union was organized, questions of importance being  exhaustively discussed and much Jn>��  tcrest manifested. The union, is progressing very fast.  (President Alex. Bruce occupied tie  chair at the large meeting of fishermea  which was held last Saturday in Union  'Hall. A large amount of business wa��  disposed of. The .fishermen on the Fraser this year win be thoroughly united!  and intend to adhere closely to tho  price of fish.  The Jtetail Clerks' Association .hetel  their first meeting in O'Brien's hall on  Tuesday, 5th inst. president Phillips*  occupied the chair, fit is the wish oC  the president thnt all members will dot  their utmost to-mate.the members**!"*  of the .local union reach 150 before him  term expires.  The local branch of the Stevedores  held their regular .meeting on Tuesday evening. The president occupied  the chair, and there was a large attendance. It is to be hoped that tbe  stevedores of this city will continue to  enlarge heir membership.  The'Amalgamated society of Carpen-  ters and Joiners will hold their regular fortnightly meeting on Tuesday,  the 12th. /Business of importance will  come before the .branch. All members?  are specially requested to attend.  Bhlp Oalkers and Carpenters met In  Labor Hall Thursday evening, the 7th.  President Angus occupied the chair.  "FtuBinesK of Importance was dlscusseil  with great Interest.  'Labor organizations in Kansas ' are  petitioning the legislature to open ui��  the sail veins around Hutchinson ami  start the convicts to making salt in opposition to llie salt trust and its his**  prices. -The manufacture of blndhiK  twines wa�� started In the penitentiary  In much the same way and the industry has been considered a relief to the  farmers.  The London'News says that In England the consumption of tea excoeiW  that of all other European countries  and ot the United States together.  Corn Starch; 0 jiackftgos for 25c ��t  The City Grocery,  ,t . ^    , r ^���t 't,"-I*-*i-^.~_ _;*��- i^ THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUHiyAT? FEO'RiUA'R'T, 9, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  BBO. HARTLEY ....n Editor  HATUCY CO WAX ...... Business Manager  FOBLTSHHD   "WEEKLY   IN   THE   IN-  TEBEST  OF   ORGtAiNISE-D LABOR  BY  THE lOT>BPEtN��ETNT -ROOTING COMPANY.  AT   01S  HOMER   STREET,  VI2R,   13.  C.  VANOOU-  BUBSCRIPTJONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months. 15 cents; six months, SO cents;  one year, $!.__..  ENDORSED HY THE TRADES AND  I_A'W>H COUNCIL, AND'THU VANCOUVER I.ABOR PARTY.  *fe?K.At.r.L*>  SA-ruin>'A'*i"  ..Fl'jU14UA!l'.rY. II, I90.1  opposid to m*ps.  -���United BtiiW-s Coiwul Col. -"DUt'lley of  ���lliis cily was recently' tclliiig the puoiile  -of Seattle-about Un.- habits of .salmon  sind how. they'should-be enught.     He  S):i)lco principally from.a fanner's1 point  -of view, and  in all. probability a few  ������years  back  the    gallant'' colonel    had  'never seen a salmon, but-he possesses  .nil  the sharpness charucterlstic or his  jveople to Instantly-comprehend things.  :'Often   who   have   lived   all   their  lives  around the .places wliere the litih annu-  ��� silly congregate have tlierot'ure, accord--  ing. to some folks, no right tn 'put their  -opinions ui-ainrft those of men like Col.  "Dudley with the expectation that they  -wiil ..receive   credence.      Consequently  when' tlief.sliennei. "of British Coluni-  l)in say   that  trap's are destr.uctive"of  Utah .-life  they (lo not know  what they  ���are talking about; it is the use of'nets  -irlil'ili  threatens  to  deplete  the rivers  Mt fish and ruin  the industry,.lor Col.  .? ."Dudley, tile expert, says so.   O'f course.  . we have heard that story'told 'ibefore,  ���:md disagree with it.   'When1 Coll'Dud-'  , Jeytold  the  fishery committee  of  the  ... senate and  legislature  of AVashlngton  Hint, the '.fishermen of this province de-'  sire  to  substitute    traps    for  nets  to  catch salmon he must have been mistaken.   Traps  are  considered    by , the  ���fishermen to be very destructive of Jlsh  ���life. The fact that in good seasons thousands of tons    of-> jish? are    destrby-  ���ed,.through, canneries  being  unable  to  take all -fish caught in the nets, arid jisli  ������"have   been   thrown .overboard  to  float  -and rot'In the water and fester.in the  sun on the river banks cannot" be used  as'an argument-in favor of the traps.  d' ill is also a  fact  that if 'this  practice  ;    is allowed to continue, the water being  ���so  polluted . by'.- the festering .("eh,  the  ���'Jisli ?wilj.be driven away to clearer and  ���' snore sanitary grounds. Therefore traps  .are not needed because plenty of 'fish  -can lie caught with tluvnets, which, iby  ? Ihe way, will .give more employment to  ;" men. -. The .fishermen    think    that  the  " government   should    select ?;i.central  Jilace  where  the. fishermen  could  take  -. the   fish   thus "refused .when   oh   limit  arid  have  them  properly salted  by  a  ���competent man, appointed by the government, whose duty should be to see  '   the  fish  cured   under 'proper sanitary  conditions and  branded.     They  think  liy so doing as great an industry may  ' be created .as along tiie lAtlantie coast.  . .."We. did not; note.whethc-iYcoJonel Dudley explained this point. .To show that  ���-traps are desired  by  the canners. but  ��� ���...not by the bona fide fishermen, because  ::''traps.'-won't strike,  the following Incident  will show: "Last August during  .the trouble on  the Fraser, a  contract  Ywas entered into iby Fraser river _.an-  .:. ners  with a contractor   at   Boundary  "Bay to furnish sockeye salmon caught  in -AmericanWaters, and to pay to'fish-  : er.men or others 2a cents a. flsh for the  ���season of 1900;     The Fraser -river ean-  3iers .furnished men and boats to transport the fish to Canadian waters.   "At  ���present the fishing Industry on the Fra-  %ser is monopolized by Japanese fishermen, there being two or three Japs to  ^^e^hUe_:fi^iiyTOjin. JItYs_absolutely  canneries along the northern chores of  Washington will.remain theve as long  as there are any flsh to take. 'If the  falling off in the run be as pronounced  as that of last yem- there will be grave  cause for alarm, but, judging by what  lias occurred before on occasions of a  very similar character, we doubt  whether 'there' will even then be a dls-'  position on the P-ii't of the canners of  the Sound to cf-opt-rale with the authorities on this side of the line to prevent the extinction of this valuable Industry. Col. Dudley thinks llie federal  "i* the slate government .should <-o-op-  inile with <he goyeinim-iit of Canada  In maintaining hatcheries. That U  siitiii'thlng which also lias been talked  of before, but llie American citiinery-  nieii think loo much' nf the traps to  liotlur lhelr heads about anything else.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  IDoii';  miss an opportunity to say a  ���Kiind word for youi- union.  Ulany a man 'by virtue  try is nuiy tlle ���.hadnw  iliiin.  ul* liis iinces-  of a  mighty  The New. York People says that If  some laHini- papers were not laibuled, one  would.never'suspect they were such.  There seems to be about as many  kinds of pictures purporting to be King  lCdward as there are various assortments of iioliticii'l factions in this city.  When laboring people request an advance In wages during bad times they  are called fools. IWlien a request is  made during good.times 'it is a shame  to stop  work, etc.  It is becoming a common occurrence  for 'social-'crusade agitators to condemn the rich, but very few of them  say anything against the system that  perpetuates the rich.  Early'to bed and early to rise makes  a man healthy, .wealthy and wise���provided he lives in a healthy country, he  is out of debt, no mortgage on his  home, and he does his own reading,  thinking  arid   voting.  The clerks-have a'kick coming. They  claim that union members do hot call  for union clerks. This Is a matter in  which every union man is interested.  Every union should have its propel' recognition and -the clerks is 'one 'which  can be boomed'"by a very little effort  on the" part of the individual members  or killed effectively if neglected. Y\re  you doing your duty?  The following sq.uib from the United  LaWcr (Advocate, published at Memphis,  Tenn., tells ii 'big story in a nutshell:  "The ,'biggest' part .of a labor- editor's  job is to sny nice things 'ahout.all the  boys, and then stand for all the nasty  things they say about or" do to him."  The editor of the Advocate, which,'.by  the way. is. an excellent journal, has'evidently run up against some of the ingratitude 'that Is usually, doled out to  those who do the honest and dirty work  for the advancement of others.  ">\*liat has the new. century in store  ���for. mankind? This is'a question' that  "maily are'undoubtedly..asking, and 'the  answer might be' just this: .''What  mankind has In store .for the new century." -Many .unsolved.problems have  occupied 'the master minds of the nineteenth century and 'these have been  handed over as a legacy to Its successor. j�� the people desire a better social system than that which now obtains, they will get It... And it is In  their, power to make ithe twentieth century the century ���which' shall have solved, the problems that have agitated the  world since civilisation began.  ���Secessary that a restriction be placed  on the number of lisensed fishermen.  The fishermen suggest that the number  lie reducd to one-half those issued last  ���year, and that no licenses be gran'.ed to  Orientals, there being enough Indians  and whitemen to do the Ashing required." The .'llsherinen of the Sound are  line with the Canadians In opposing the  using of traps, but the power of money  is against Ihem, both at congress and  lhi. legislature to have ihe traps removed.  ln one thing Col. Dudley Is .light  *ny.>i the Victoria Times. The salmon  ilo Jht-i-iI In the Fraser river, rind II  there were no river nelllier would there  be jiii>- .salmon. The Canadian government maintains hatcheries for the pro-  j)iigallu.n of the llsh nd to keep them  -from becoming extinct. Nevertheless  we an- nol likely to enter such a claim  of .propriety -rights over the 413111100 an  the Americans did with regard to the  seals. AVe ha-v.e no Intention of branding thpro nr 11n.vr.1in_. of the kind. The  The Butte, Reveille says that there  is as much difference between a union  man at heart and the individual of policy as there Is between a deserted bird's  nest and a $20'gold piece. The one conscientiously strives; to assist his fellow  strugglera in every conceivable'manner, the other goes plugging along -with  his snoot poked In-the air and doesn't  care a whoop whether the rest of ���humanity lives, exists or. gets on at all.  just so long as he holds ii "job," and  has  his   wages   protected.      It  is ��� this  nrfire-nianfan^thw^  the 'tolling masses the easy victims of  capitalism and such a doubtful quantity, lit Is: this that makes progressive  men feel like "throwing up the sponge"  anil simply look out for No. 1. by allowing the devel to take the hindmost.  And It Is for this reason that the best  Interests of the great masses have Ibeen  in 11 perpetual state of uncertainty.  SPBMDi AN KNVOYiABLI"* EVI-JNIING.  Tlle performances at the Savoy las',  week were of an unusually Interesting  iink-r. The programme outline J for the  shows next week a* that popular little  llieatre piomlse to be good, there being  some special features.  Past Century Events.  To tho Editor of Tiik Inuki-gndknt:  Sin,���A short account of some mt the  principal events, which have, happened  (luting the life of the queen, have n-i-  peuml in the papers lately,mnl which  served but to recall to the mimicry of a  ���number of readers, not only those events  but  also   many   others which arc nol  chronicled.     Some   readers   there   are  whose lives started al or near the time  with tbnt of her majesty, and in rendiiij;  the few facts as set down, such  readers  as   these   would   naturally   notice   the  ''gap"   where   suiue    particular  ovent  might have been lilled.   Tlie world-wide  railway  system, fur instance,  has 'nut  been referred to at ull primiineully, if al  all.   Hut such 11 big industry of so vast  importance should not be left longer unnoticed or   misunderstood, which may  prove as interesting as instructive to the  youth of ihe city.    How rail ways were  brought about. uud started should now  be   made perfectly clear tu the young  people of the land, since they share in  this bcnclits, and  therefore should not  bo loft longer in the dark rcspcclitig the  -gradual development during tho period  of   its   growth.   The   iirst   conception  of railways arose in the mind from necessity, ami wore first used in Shropshire, ling., at the coal pits, more than  200 years ago, on tho roads which, led to  the ships.   The cuts  in  the road were  Jirst stoned, then rough-hewn oak trees  were laid lengthwise to tlio level of tlie  road, on which rolled the wheels bearing   tho  heavy   loaded   coal    wagons.  George Stevenson gets tlie credit for improving the method of hauling tlie coal  cheaply for general purposes, by bringing into practical use the steam engine  which he mounted on wheels, and in  conjunction with his  method, Jessop's  cast iron flanged wheel, Hindu the system complete, and which together revolutionised the carrying industry and  commerce of this world.   The lirst rails  wero.made of wood, the next of nialeablo  iron, then of cast iron.   All these things  in  their  turn,   though   improvement!,  were far from satisfactory, becau.se speed  and  stability   \vere' lacking,' but after  Jessop's wheel caine;into use, it?greatly  promoted faster travel, and altered for  the better the wiiole thing.   The public  nt this time were not without a  knowledge? of  the   power  of  steam, for old  Moors' "periodical proverbial almanac"  had kept that knowledge in their minds,  iiml one of Mother Shipton's special proverbs was that coaches would go without horses, which prophecy was .thoroughly believed ? in.   This public belief  on this matter greatly assisted .Steven-'  son's {application for' a   charter,: its' a  great  number  of  landed:men,whose  estates   and   residence   were   situated  between the towns.   This landed class  were mostly opposed to .-'railways, but at  the  same  time feiired public opinion.  However, after a bard struggle,"steam  prevailed over tlio. power of '.money and  perversity.   The  charter  was granted,  in  which two  conditions,  called "the  people's ..���������conditions";", ran   thus:  .The  shares shall be issued at par, and n train  shall run each way a day for the whole-  length of tlie way, at a penny a mile.  It,was said   that: all  sorts  of  people  tumbled  over   each   other,-to   secure  shares,   ample money was subscribed,  the railways were built, and put into  use, and proved a great advantage to tho  public.   But after they had fairly started running, it was said that they, did not  earn enough to pay, a fair interest on the  share capital  borrowed.   They lingered  for a while, then paid none at all.   This  ���happened to the most  expensive railways, the shares of which became unsaleable.   This   was  notably  the  case  with the Great Western.   Shares sank  as low as 40, but now arc considered a  good investment at 140.   At this point  Bessamer   steps   in   with   his    cheap  steel  the difference   in  cost  in  favor  of    steal    was    so   great    that   the  figure 1 in relation   to 100 would not  nearly represent the change.   Then can  it bo wondered at-that railways are now  covering the whole, earth.   The   Great  Western was built by Brunell, and is  the best in the kingdom, therefore was  the most expensive.   The cause forjhk  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  Enter more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If tlie Price is right,  tlie Quality good, and the assortment conplete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy hero. Tlie  past year has been a busy one  for'us; this year we want to  excel even our past efforts, to  make this store tlie headquarters of Pry ...Hoods, Fashion and 'Economy. We  want to make it so .pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall'strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we shall do exactly as we advertise.  !'_  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A.  ,   WHOLESALE AND KETAII, DEALER IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  y vegetables.  1.12 Cordova. St.  Thone 442  L  5  THE BEST-^  Skilled Labor  " To Dispense  ...PRESCRIPTIONS...  Everything sold at rcasonablo  prices tiuU guaranteed.  ^EYMOIJR,  Tho tlp-to-dnto Druggist,  Corner Seymour nnd IlKstliigs  Slrools, Vancouver.  ^o M: BEATTIE,  Keal Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Olllco nnd Sales Room, 167'Cordova.  Street, Vancouver, li. C.  'I'liono sol.  f~ l*Brm Stock and Land a specialty  The rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a word, but no ad. will be inserted lor less than 25 cents.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES   AND   LABOR.  Council,   President,   Jos. Dixon;   vice-  president,  John  Crow;  secretary,  J.   C.  Marshall, P. O. Box 155; ilnancial secretary, XV.  3.  Beer;  treasurer, J.  Pearey;  statistician, G. White; serpreunt-nt-arms,.  C. J.  Sailer. Parliamentary committee���  Cliiili-man,  John  Pearey;     secretary,  J.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday -  In each month, at 7.110 p.  m.,  In  Union-  Hull, cor. Dunsmulr and Homer streets.  NOTICE.  Wo are again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Publio -Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the coming examination with the highest marks ln Heading:, Writing, Spelling;, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The H.IU.Yogcl Commercial College  P.  O.  Box M7. Vancouver, B.  C.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is hot  worth curing.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  '���'������'���* v We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and,  Tobaccos,   consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  . ':'   -:':���?���-'    .-"-."Q  '*   ���-: ' ���      '". --'Y   '' - - ? -  VANCOUMt TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,..  No Sal meet the lust Sunday lu each-  month nt Union hull. l'ronMonL, C. S.  C'lllll.ltll'II; vli-v-pi-ixlili-ut, lie-uric Williy;  secretary, S. J. Gollnml. P. (J. box W;  treasurer, XV. Brund: s.eiKeiiiit-iit-iiriiiH,  Andrew Stuui't; executive committee, K  li. H'ciiiiliulV. ��*". 11. Itol.lt. .1. II. Umwiii-  N. Williams; delegates lo Trailed miu  Lttbor council, J. C. Marshall, Jtoht. Todd,  .1.   II.   Itrowni'.  ST-RBET RAILWAY MION'S UNION���  Moots second nnd fourth Saturday ol  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue nnd Hastinss street  at S p. ni. President, G. DIehle; vice-president, c. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, II. Viindurwalltcr; conductor, G. J-onfcsty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to ���  Trades and r_a.l>or Council: John renroy.  Jas. Barton, Goo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J. Howes.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, John Scott; vice-president, Frank  Black; corresponding secretary, Robert  Trotter; financial secretary, Jas. Jet'--  fry.'Sleets every Monday ovenlng dn Un- ���  ion  hall.  UNITED    BROTHERHOOD    OF    CAR- ���  PBNTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thuisilny dn Union Hall,  room No. a. President, Wm. F. McKcn-  zle, 4S7 Ninth avenue; vlcc-pivsident,  Huffh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Collin, TIKI Nelson street: tinaiiolal secretary, II. S. Falconer; treasurer, Georg'u  Walker; conductor, Jrus. Ferguson; war- ���  den, Jos. Dixon; dclefrates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson.  H. Wilson.  Amusements.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  ,Sam Nesbiit...'.'.,'...:..:......'..Jlnnugcr.;  " :;,YY    NEXT   WEEK;  February Uth, 1901.  4���NEW STARS-,4  ��� r.rr The Great and Only     Y  Cordera Spanish Dancer  The Vernon Sisters     o  Genevieve Sisters  And Our Mammoth Company.  Hotels.  The"  The resilience of R. lit. .Maitlnmi,  Heiicli A-venue, wan totally destroyed  by 'Ire on Wednesdy. The piano was  saved, but'the household fumiiure was  lost. '     ��      '  One dollar, good 'for 30 days, Js the  fare by the 'Rosalie from -Victoria to  Seattle and' return.  ��� -  shrinkage of Hliares was plain to everybody. They, did not earn enough, to  pay wages, wear and tear. Tlie  plants of nil the systems could  not then he operated frugally enough  to meet the ronstant wear and  tear, though com was cheap and wages  row. There was suiue eeonomic want  deficient, which was eventually lilled by  liessimer. It was the ii]i]ilinilioii of  sleel iusteiid of iron, which cluingwl tho  aspect of railway building and of all industries, needing a more durable niclnl  than iron in their const ruction. J-Voin  this timu on railway promoting n'honies  may be said to havo become a rage, the  promoters taking advantage of this passion, seizes the opportunity of tacking  on any..number .of..what. are culled  "stocks"-.o the^ shares of this useful industry. "What these'stocks are it is nol  '��)' Rl,lrpo��'..?!9.w..to,uxp!iiiri, unit since  the spaiu. allowed in..this .puper is necessarily limited, it is- intended to defer  further'partieularsfor ii future issue. '  '."'', Piiii.ii*' Fkwstek.  Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 31, 1901.  THEATRE R��YAL  B :    (LATE  -1UIAMBKA.) V  XV. II. Lucas, Thos. Sharp....Jfanngera  Next Attraction  will be  Announced   Here  Shortly.      7  Meetings.  L O. O.- F., M. U.���LOTAjL, tHINB FOE  BVBR lodge, No. 7393, meets every second and fourth Tuesday In the month in  the hall, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings atreet and "Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning' brethren cordially invited. F. Bladk, N. G.; B.?W.  Partridge,^eeoretary.^~r���=��=^r-���-r���=  JOOOOO(_KX)OOOOOOOOOOPOOOOC  Having the Only Up-to-Date firill Room,  in B. C. which in itself is a guarantee  of a First-Class Hotel and Restaurant .  Seymour Streeet,  THE TACIFIC COAST SHINGLE:  WBAVBRS' UXION* meets every third-  Sunday in each month nt 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer-  street. Rol_t. Barclay, president: R. E.  Rowe, secretary j hox T37, New 'Westmln--  stcr. Visiting brethren Jnvltcd to attend.  INTBR.VATIO.VAL ASSOCIATION OF  '���-ItlACl I IXIS'I'S���Beaver Lodge, Xo. 1S2���  Meets' second and' fourth Wednesday In  each month in Union ir.ill. President,  XVm. Beer; corresponding; seci-olary, K.  Timmlns, 72G Hamilton struct; llnnnolal  seci-etaiy, J. II. MoVety, 12U Seymour  street.  JOUR'ENVMKN* TAIhOHS' UNION* OF"  AM13R10A, N"o. nS-J-Meets qllcriiiLto-  Mondays ln room 1, Union Hall. Pivsi-  dent; F. U'llllair.s; vlce-iiresiilcnt. Miss-  Graham; recording sceretnry, 11. O. Bur-'  ritt; 'ilnanciiU secretary.. Tremalne Best;  treasurer. C. E. Xeilson; .sergeant-ai-.  'arms, J.  Dnoust.  VICTORIA ir'RAl>E9 AND LABOR.  Council meets every alternate Wednesday at 8 p. m. In Sir William Wallace-  hall. President, XV. M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Tagg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. ���McNivcn, P. O. hox 302, Victoria;  recording- and financial secretary, A. S. .  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; sergeant--  at-arms, T. Masters.  THE    VANCOUVER    LABOR    PARTY*  meets every second and fuurth Woilnes���  day in each month in Union Hull.   President,  Geo. -Bartley;    llrst   vice-president.  Gl-o. Wliby; second vicc-pi'tfsidenl. T. 11.  Cross; recording secretary.' L. U. Taylor;  ilnancial secretary,  John  Pciiiev;  stalis-  tlclaTi. H. W.ilIia.mson. "  qSGARMAKERS'     UNION,     NO     357.���  ^Meets the first Tuesday In each month j  in Union  hall. President, P.  R.  Revero;.  vice-president.   P.   Waxstoek;   secretary,.  G. Thomas, Jr., US Cordova street ivest;  treasurer, S. XV. Johnson;     sergeant-at-  arms, C. Parsons; delegates to Trades and''  Labor Council, J. Crow, C. C. Copeland,  D. Morrissy.  Arlinjitom  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters tor the engineering trado"  in Vancouver. .  CHOICEST"--���-3c> ������';%:  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  ROBJ. HINTLY,   -  PROP  F. O. E.���VA'NCOUV**SR AERIE NO. 6,  F. O. E., meets every Wednesday night,  and second Wednesday only of the months  of July, August and September. Visiting  members welcome. H. W. Findley, W. P.,  Province cflice; S. R. Robb, XV. S.,  World oflice.  Tbe Balmoral  :i .HAKES A SPECIALTY OK . .  o   : DewoT'S specidi Liiurjiso ..  o  VANCOUVER  FISI-TRiaMBN'S   UNION,  No.   2.   Meets   In   La'bor   l-lnil,   Homer  street, every first and third Saturday im  each month at S p. <m. Alex. Bruce, prcsi- ���  dent; Mr. Cadoy, secretary,  r. O. Dox 297.  BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND"  DECORATORS, Local Union No. 13S.���  Meetings firs and third Tuesdays In Labor Hall. Perceptor, H. Judson: president, .  W. Davis; vice-president, E. Tipper; recording secretary, E. Tomkins, 520 Pender'  street; financial secretary, B. Cross. 8002:'  Quebec street; conductor, A. J. Sloan;.  warden, C. H. PInder; trustees, C. Sor-  dlt, W: Stonoy, XV. BaKcr.   JOURNEYMEN BAKBRS' INTERNATIONAL union of Vancouver, mcels first  and third Saturdays of tho month in Union hall, Homer street. President, XV.  Webster; vice-president, TT. Rollands; fin.  sec, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell street; cor.  sec, A. Coombs. Address sec. F. Barnes.  Delegates to tho Trades and Labor council, C. J. Salter and H. Walker.  SHIPCARPBNTERS AND C-M.KERS  Association meets the first and third.  Thursday in each month in Union hall.  Clifford Angus, president; George Smith,  vice-president; Wm. 3IcCoi-mnck, vice-  president; J. G. Garvin, secretary; Fred..  McAlpIne, treasurer; Levi Wheaien, sor-  geant-at-arms.  THERE IS  -LARGE STOCK OF-  IMrOKTEIJ AND. DOMESTIC  .Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Conner Coiidova and Cakrall.  When in Want  of  Printing  Call at  Tbe  Independent  312 Homer St.  Hunt & Foster, Hastings atrect.  IA. Murray, Westminster avenue.  ���Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan (Stewart, Cordova street.  K-Mutib & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. .Murphy, Cordova street.  /MaRae & .McDonald, Hastings Btreet,  east. ,  , J. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  03. "Farron, Hastings street.  A. Clement, Hastings street  J. Carrelll, Cordova street.  Simon & Co., Cordova street.  Why do you cough when " BIS 4  COUGH CURE " will cure you.  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  .. ft! |. it  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings..  Streets-  gg^" '.i��'.m��ji   .;=:  -iuj.m.w-E'"" ���  ______ l_>^4cW^'S-|-ULX-a-Har��3Sa.t?3 lOasptiLWJirmRBSxetWJr' lOiiZ.  SArruROA_*  ..PHBRiUAiiyr, 9, 1901  TUE INDEPENDENT.  INDUSTRIAL ITEMS.  'Attar ot roses sells at $100 an ounce,  -which is exactly five times the value of  sold.  Nearly K,000 miles of Tailroad were  completed in the United States ln the  year 1900.  In Toledo eight hours now constitute  si day's work in all departments under  the city government.  The* labor commissioner of Colorado  says that the 260 unlotirf cxlstlne In that  state have 27,000 members.  The Woman's International Union  JV-ibcl League closed its annual convention at IMuiicle, Ind., to-duy.  Twenty thousand women spend lhelr  lives In driving and steering the canal  'boats ln southern and midlund lOng-  Jaiid.  The tobacco workers hnve decided not  to .grant the ure nf their Inibel to fac-  -   tories employing any <>iie under 10 years  of age. .  ���A. strike In Porto Rico has led to the  establishment und publication of a la-  Ji'or paper, the first and only one on the  island.  The "Milkmen's protective union ot  Uuffalo has the authority of the Federation of (Labor to 'form an international  association.  Two carloads of negroes are on their  ���road to the 'Hawaiian .Islands. They  so to take employment on the sugar  ���plantations there.  .'Anthracite coal miners are raisins a  Sand -with which to buy a home tor  "J^esident 'Mitchell us a mark of appreciation for his services.  In'1899 the revenues derived by the  Mexican government from the tobacco  industry amounted in value to $1,200,-  CDD, as against 51,000,000 in 1S9S.  ���American window glass workers are  levying an assessment that will realise-  $900 a week, which will be forwarded  So their striking craftsmen in 'Belgium.  The committee in charge of the la-  bor temple project at Omaha, .Neb.,  ivjll give a. grand hall'Feb. 22, and it  is expected that 2,000 tickets will be  ssoIcL _j  A recent compilation of stalisiU-s  Silibws that out of 9S chief national in-  ���do-itries in a given year only 29 gave  anen employment foi 200 days in the  year. *  !By a popular vote  the "United  Gar-  "���ment -Workers  have  declared  against  "Jiigh  Initiation  fees.   'Hereafter no lo-  ���cal union  will be permitted to'.charge  :ui initiation fee of more than $3.  ,   .1..  ���Another international steel combine  Uias been formed. Six American and  ���Canadian concerns have been assimilated and severar British concerns are  to lie Joined with them.  ,. The total number of .non-union bak-  t-rs who deserted the bosses and joined  the strikers in the' big iNew York fight  ���numbered over 600. The bosses are  Ta-ralyzed and turn - out ,vcry'little  work.  It is. reported that (Rockefeller is  soing into the newspaper business on  a large scale and that he is particularly.anxious to drive Hearst's New York,  Chicago and San IFrancisco papers off  ihe earth.  'Max "Morris, general secretary of. the  "Retail Clerk's union, lias been re-elected to the senate of Colorado; there are  already about fifteen members of organized labor in the legislature of Colorado. ���    - ���-���  Tho Bakers of -Minneapolis want a  -Bliorter work day and to abolish night  work. Conditions have heretofore been  Tory .poor for the journeymen bakers in  the Twin Cities, and any Intelligent  move must result in  betterment.  It may not be generally known, but  it appears to be a fact that Denmark  is the best organized country In the'  world. "Recent statistics show that  VE.7 per cent, of the workingmen and  21.1 per cent, of the women are trade  ���unionists.  (Pennsylvania newspapers are almost  ���a unit in predicting another great  -���alrike-ln-llie-nnthraclte-coal-fields-In-  JVpril. One .paper says some of the  ���opera'ors are- openly violating the  Jigreement entered Into In October,  and  that  ihey  will .light.  The Kwlthchmen are getting back lo  lhelr old time form. Their union .was  -tu-organlzed just a year ago, and at  -Present It numbers 185 locals... The  switchmen were always the most pro-  Kresslve and sympathetic ot the nill-  "Wny organizations.  - 'Kirty-Hvc thousand workers are re-  .presented In the central lubor union  ���ir Willies iliurrc, 'Pa. The organization  lias under way a plan to erect a building which would accommodate all  -unions represented In the central body  and provide a general Jiall for large  ���meeting".  join the movement, leaving the city in  darkness.  The (Amalgamated Engineers report  in their January Journal that in spite  of the burden of their self-imposed  superannuation fund, ihey are adding  to their reserve at the rate of $10,000 a  month-. The past year produced a lower unemployed list than for many years  in the past.  ISince 1871, I,I9j unions, with an average membership of ili;.2!ij, have been  organized In Denmark. Un the past 30  yeais wage.s'havt- advanced 70 per cent,  and the hours of lalior reduced from  eleven to nine hours. Denmark affords  an example of what organization accomplishes for working men.  AN ..VH1J13 iLi-OCTUKK.  The Rev;. 'Mr. Vroomnn. of Winnipeg,  delivered n'very Interesting lecture on  "���Property and (Poverty," In Trades  Union Hull on Thursday evening. The  chair was occupied by H. Cowm,, ^Uter  preliminary remarks upon llie study of  social science and sunie humorous Illustrations of the universal struggle after  wealth, the lecturer expounded the  three economic f.iclois In the production of _wealth���'Land, Labor and Capital, lie showed how natural science  and, the invention of labor saving machinery have revolutionized the production of wealth' and the study of social  science must in tho future alter the  distribution of .wealth. (As the lecture  was lengthy and solidly packed with  thought and facts, illustrated by many  humorous anecdotes, it is Impossible to  give even a satisfactory outline of it.  The social unrest ot the present time  the lecturer attributed to the following  principal causes: (1) The continuous  displacement of lalbor by machinery,  controlled iby .capitalism; (2) the loss of  industrial freedom by the private ownership, by individuals and corporations,  of the natural resources of land; (If) the  concentration of wealth in the hands  of few, and distribution of comparative  poverty among the many, producing a  sense of Injustice  among  the  masses.  Gold Seal Risen Port���fine flavor anil  a splendid tonic; 50c. bottle. Gold Seal  Liquor Co.  IKVlCNi PASTORS lAlRIE "NOT EX-*  IDMIPT.    '  IRev. John Irvine, pastor of tlie Anglican church. 'St. -Michaels, British'Columbia, shook hands with a Working-  man on a street car, and then offered  his ihand to a fashionable lady, which  was refused. The fashionable members  of his church then complained to their  bishop and the offending pastor -was removed and hns set up a little church  at Port -Moody "���where he anticipates  there will be less 'fashion and more  Christianity." The ivonklng people of  the earth are good enough to make  wealth for Uie'idle, but must not come  lii contact, with their royal flesh, even  second hand! And even 'in Canada the  workers.yote for capitalism that treats  them thus. But the game grows Interesting.���'Appeal to Reason, GUard, Kan.  The* strike al Genoa begins to look  Brave.' The strikers have declined the  proposition made them and have derided to continue to strike. Vessels are  unable to leave .port and it Is reported  ithat the electricians and gas men will  ���NO WAR' (LORD NEED 'AlPPlTJY.  "There ,is no doubt that the King is  the most .popular man In Great Britain; yet a patriotic Englishman (beside  me when the King and Kaiser passed  said under his breath: 'Oh( that we  might 'have ten years of the Kaiser's  rule in. England.' "���New York Bun.  Commenting on the iforegolng the Toronto "Telegram" says that an Englishman who.wants "ten years of the  Kaiser's rule in- (England" ought to be  killed, stuffed and exhibited ns a curiosity. -Democracy with all its failings  need not blush to compare the results  of its work under "Victoria of Britain  with the 'results of autocracy under  Wilhelm of Germany. Freedom is not  yet a useless toy. The right of self-  government is not yet an empty bauble, and the 'British .people are not a  lot of babies to turn away from the  Ideals of an Empire which has largely'  meant peace and freedom, to cringe at  the feet of an Emperor who, when all  Is said, reigns -firstly by virtue of (bayonets and secondly by the strength of  his own brain. "Victoria was Ihroned in  the hearts of the .people who loved and  folio w^d"her?^W*lllu-rnrh"as~l)?oved~h"is"  ability, but it is not his ability which  keeps him on the throne. The 'Empire  of Germany Is founded on the brute  power of a great army. The Empire ot  Britain Is founded on the willing allegiance of free men. "Ten years of the  Kaiser's rule lu 'England" would mean  the dissolution of the iprlilsh Empire.  The 'British Empire Is the .freest nation on earth', and no King but the  people can rule the (Hritlsh Empire.  KlnglEdwnrd is not likely to be turned  from tHie path of obedience to the great  example of his mother'by flunkeys who  would .destroy the British 'Empire If  they could drive the new sovereign Into  following In tho footsteps of the War  Lord of Germany.  of the victors, and the sound of martial inusie. We seem to catch the spirit  of enthusiasm by which the combatants 'were animated. But we take no  note of -the shrieks and agonies of the  soldiers weltering in their blood on the  battle-field. We have no thought of the  sick and wounded lying in Ihospitals  and prisons. We are unmindful of sorrowing wives and mothers at home  weeping and sighing for the loved ones  far away. l\Ve do not picture to ourselves the homos made desolate, the  Rachels bewailing lhelr children, and  ���would not be comforted because they  are not. Is It not mockery of Justice  and a scandal to the pagan world to see  -.wo-, Christian nations cutting each  other's throats In Ihe name of Christian civilisation? Is It not an outrage  lu contemplate one nation forcing  by the sword hor laws, iher government, nnd political Institutions un another nation, In ;ho Interests of traJe  ind commerce, ns if merchandise and  ilollnrg and cents were of more 'value  than human liven? 'Is It not monstrous  to see a strong power Invading a weak  one, and seizing her territories fin the  hypocritical plea of rectifying ,her  boundaries? This .-edification of boundaries Is a very old practice, and is a  polite name, for roibbery on a large  scale.  Apricots;  4 pounds  for  23o at The  City Grocery. . =  -ACQUIRED "RICUIES.  iRecently l_ord IRosebery said: "A  curious feature, If 1 may say so without Impertinence, seems to be that in  combination with the American faculty  for the acquisition of money there is a  complete contempt for money except  ns a means ot malting more and more  for .power. These millionaires of whom  we hear so much. ar�� often men of  simple lives, Whose simple rule is to  make enormous accumulations in order  to acquire more poiver." .Commenting  upon this.'the New York "Times" says:  "The statement does undoubtedly mark  a difference In points of view which it  is creditable to Lord iKosebery's intelligence to have perceived. A late American multi-millionaire, not of an exemplary kind, was, during his lifetime,  quoted as saying, in reply to an Inquiry, 'Do you care about money 'for  itself?" 'No, -I care albout ��� it for my-,  self.' The joke was cheap and easy.  And yet it is the fact that the American who hunts largely for riches is  hunting merely for a 'vindication.' The  acquirement of them is 'success.' It is  a mark of superiority, of power."  Fresh Herrings; only 10c per tin at  The Cilv Grocery.  A-L'IiENi UA'BOR' BJA*W.  In view probably of the expected  early coming or a Provincial election  in Ontario, the iDomonlon government  has lately taken some aiction in Toronto to enforce the 'Alien Labor law.  The result of Alien 'Lnbor Law Officer  Edward 'Williams' investigations in  that city has subsequently been the deportation of four men; one from the  Compensation Organ company, and  three from the Toronto Silver [Plate  company. Mr. Williams will decide  upon the case dt two other firms this  week. Me says the employers have given their evidence cheerfully, and that  the breach of the law was made for  the most part unwittingly. The Silver  Plate ���company will 'pay the fares, of  the three men back to the points in the  United States from which they came. ���  had done in the restaurant Tun by the  defendants on 'Lulu 'Island.    The defendants   eontended    that   board  and  other considerations  had lessened  the  actual amount of the debt to a balance of $9.   The swearing on the head  of a chicken is a most sacred oath that  can  possibly 'be   taken    in  connection  with Chinese justice    The swearer declares, as he cuts off the head of the  chicken, that if he tells a lie may his  head be so ignom'iniously cut off.   It Is  related seriously  by  the Chinese  that  any man who swears this oath falsely  I.s always sure to meet his end within  a short time. There arc dozens of cases  on record where men have in this way  met sudden death as a terrible retribution for their sin.   The court room  -.���as crowded 'With lawyers and olliclals.  leglstrnr (Beck sat In the chair at the  ���lead of the table and tried to unravel  '.he shreds of Oriental statements Into  somehlng  like  tangible  evidence.   Rut  it was difficult to obtain a steady hearing, the Chinese relapsing into long af-  truments between themselves In the lingo that Is peculiarly their own.   They  had been wrangling over the matter for  half an hour when the defendant Chinese  suddenly  suggested    that  If  the  plaintiff would  swear over  the  blood  cf a chicken that llie money was really  owing to him, the full amount would be  paid,  together with  the costs of the  court. A small cleaver was brought and  another Ohinaman produced a chioken  from a sack.   It was .like a pantomine.  Sheriff Hall was there in all his official  dignity, and he directed, 'with accuracy  and detail, the marshalling of the various forces of the Orientals so that the  ceremony could proceed properly.    The  Chinamen took as much interest in the  performance as if their lives depended  on it.  Chong lifted the axe and as he-  brought   it   down  over   the chicken's  neck he added the names of the defendants   to   the sentence of  those who  should die if he told a, lie.   Immediately   there  was  an  uproar,  and  a  wild  clash was made on the part of the two  Chinese defendants to save the chicken  before any of its blood   had   been spilled.   lOhong  was then  made   to  recant  the oath he had made and was severely  censured by the other Chinamen lor introducing their names into it.     Then  they 'went back into the court room,  and after   wrestling   again   with    the  question for half an hour, IChong wrote  down the oatih he .was to take to the  approval    of   everyone,     and another  Shanghai rooster was led to the 'block.  The oath  was burned on> a piece of  paper, so that there would be no possibility  of   the Chinaman   Introducing  other features.   The oath was successfully  accomplished  and  the case .settled. **  Genuine Brown   Windsor  Soaps; 30  cakes for 25c at The City Grocery.  ��� SOUNDS OP IMAIRTIAlL MUSIC. ���  Cardinal Gibbons, IBaltlmore: When  we rend Of a great military campaign,  our imagination revels in the contemplation 'of the heroic achievements of  famous generals. (We listen with -.rupture to the, clash of arms, the shouts'  IFIR'OM' MONTIAINA.  J.  A.  Ferguson,  of 'Missoula, (Mont.,  has 'been appointed 'by Gov. Toole commissioner of agriculture and labor. ' ,  Without a dissenting voice the house  now in session at Helena has passed  the 'bill introduced iby Hon. J. . Quinn,  of (Silver Bow, regulating the hours of  the miners and mill nnd smeltermen  throughout -Montana. The S-hour law  Is now a fact.  The early closing .movement was glv-  en_a~bOosi-on-Wednesdaj���nlght-when"  the clerks of .Butte .reorganised. Every  merchant In the city has signed an  agreement to close his place ot business  not later than 6 p. m. Great interest  and enthusalsm prevails among the  clerks. Sixty-one male members 'have  signed the roll and elected Wm. Devlne  as president and (Fred. Rhodes as secretary.  The 'Mill and 'Smeltermen's union will  demand the S-hour day ��n April 1st.  There Is a bill now before the legislature to license barbers, which undoubtedly will become law. It Is modelled on the law ofiMliiiieHota.  STATE OP TJRiAIDE.  Canadian trade advices are as a rule  quite satisfactory, says IBradstreets.  'Montreal, as in .fact al! Canadian centers, notes a very active demand for  mourning goods. Jo'b'bers at that city  report spring orders increasing, while  city trade is quiet. Fire insurance rates  'have been advanced SO per cent, as a  result of the recent Are. Collections are  good. .Halifax reports collections satisfactory and trade albout the average.  .Moderate activity,is reported at Toronto, Wack goods specially so. Retail  stocks are reported light. Collections  are slow at Victoria. Failures for the  week number 27, ns compared with 34  last week, 31 in this 'week a year ago,  36 In 1S99, 42 in 1898 and SS in 1S07.  Clearings for the week aggregate $27,-  741,902, a .loss of 13.8 per cent, from last  week, but a gain of 8 percent, over this  week a year ago.*  Red Cross Beer is pure, light and  sparkling. At Gold Seal Liquor Co.,  746 Pender street. '  ���MARKET QUOTATIONS.  Vancouver, Feb.  , 1900.  ���i-Hin* iqiiiroKi-i.v got t,hd axe.  All (kinds of Oriental trouble were  settled on ('Wednesday evening ln the  Court House by the simple method of  'beheading a chicken. There waB a dls.  pute between iLunn Fe.1 IChong on tha  one side and 'Dock Sew and Ah Sing  on the other.- In this case, IChong sued  the defendants for $58.80, alleged to be  due to him as a balance on work he  12 00   @ 14 00  [Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, 314 ���  Carrull street.]  Flour���  Manitoba Hungarian, suck,  60 lbs    ( 1 35    @ $ 1 il.  Grain-  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs     175    @    175  Outs, ton    25 00 213 00  Brim, ton  22 00  Shorts, 1 ton  'JO oo  Feed-   Iluy, ton.  Sugar-  Sugar, Suck   Vegetables���  Potatoes, 100 lbs   Turnips, 100 lbs   Onions, lb   Cabbage, lb   Celery, 12 buuclis   Farm Produce���  Kggs, do.:, fresh   Kggs Capo, Manitoba, doz..  lliitter, Creamery, prints....  Duller, Creamery, In tubs lb  lliillor, Dairy, prints   Iliitlor, Dairy, in tubs,lb....  Chcexe, Ontario, lb   Chouse, Manitoba, lb, old...  Lard, lb   Lard 1Mb. pails   l.itrd 5.ili. pails   Lard 10-Ib. pulls   Lurd'AMIi pulls   :  Fruit���  ���'Apples, local, box   Oregon Apples, Box   .Vernon Applci-, box   do  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e<&-  Turner, fieeton ���� Co.  WlioleHule Agenu  VANCOUVER. VICTORIA, NELSON  P. O. BOX 290.  w. j. McMillan & co.  THOSE 179.  Wholesale Grocers and Provision Merchants.  Royal Seal, Lord Nelson,  Enchantress Cigars.  UNION  MADE  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vnncouvcr, B. C.  TtMUU-Ylr,lJ"m*1nTntiF���ais  HE BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION STAMP  is used by THE J. D. KIMS CO., Limited, upon alt  their manufacture of Boots and Shoes. No strikes, cessation  of work or labor difficulties promote the highest possible production of perfect workmanship. In thus consulting the interests  of the consumer we urge that you DEMAND  The J. D. KING CO.'S  UNION MADE SHOES  UNION CIOAR PACTOEiIES.  ���Following is o. Itet of the Union ol-  gar factories in Brinish Oodumiblia, wflio  use .the blue lalbel:  XV. Tietjen, No. 1���Divisibn No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kurtz & Co. No. 2���Division No. 38,'  Vancouver.  Inland Olgar Manufacturing1 Company, No. 3���(Dtviiaion No. 38, Kamlooips.  IB. "WliHoerg & Co., No. 4���Division No.  38, New Westminster.  T. "WtoxsHtoak, 'No. 6���Division No". 3S,'  Vancouiner.  Ketawna Shippers' TJnJon Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Ketowna.  '"Wiriigiht Bros, No..9���Division No. 38,  Rossland.  Kootenay Olgair iranuiiSaoturlng Company, No. 10���pi-rtsion No. 38, Neison.  *Meira & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, VHctoria.  II. Banitloy, No. 5���Division No. 37,  Viietoirla.'  ���Island Cigar Padtory, S. Norman, No.  6���{Division No. 37, Victoria.  Provilnoe Cigar Oo., No. 7���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  A. Scflunoter & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Vtotorta.  P. f\?-bio, Wo. 9���Division 'No. 37, Na-  nafcino.  J. I/ery, No. 11���(Division No. 37, Victoria.  IM. J. Booth, No. U���Di.vtelon No. 37  Nanaimo.  C. G. Belhnsen���Division'No. ST, Vic  torla.  From Their Nanaimo, Southfielclancl  Proteiitiou Island Collieries,     ���  Steam, Gas  and  House Coal  'Of the Following Grades:>  Double Screened Lump,   . '  Run of the Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screenings.  SAMUEL JT. EOBIXS, Superintendent,  EVANS, COLEMAN & EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. c. ���  1 00  0&  ii  20  :��  '-���0  so  27  20  '��>  ir>  is  IA  70  1 4.  2 7S  7*  2 IX)  1 75  20  10  .tli  30  @     I Ao  j  ���to  40  ���a  ���a  in  17  is  4.1  70  1 40  2 90  1 29  2 20  1 7S  ilO  IJ  45  IU  OriiKKos, (to.  .Lemon*, doz   Japiin OrHiigea, Uox.  Uanana-, iloz   [Corrected by Burrard Inlet Meal Company,  I               , 300 Cordova street west.  '   Meats���  Uoef, lb  7 @     15  Mutton, lb  7 18  ,Vch1, lb  8 w  l'orlt, lb  10 15  Ham.lb  18 18  Bacon, lb  20 20  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shoe Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  .street = =   Boulder Barter Shop,  Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The "WTiittier Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  . O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  O. ttltaCiiiScheon, ibadlber shop, Pender  street.  Army and Navy (Oscar HeyJandu)���  O-Miivllle jtlrept, uiuIim- Ti-orey's.  J. II. Stevens. Mount <Pleitxnnt.  and  ��00  PACIPIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  UNION HAKEttM'-iB.  i\\". D. Willi-, -Mount Plensiinl.  i\V. Murray, J'l'loi- street.  Montreal IHnkery,  i\\*e>tinliuiler  nve-  nue.  'I'\  Adams, Scotch .ltnJcei-y.  Hustings  street.  .   i\V. \D. Kent, .*>6 Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street.  iMInchen Co., Granville street.  [Barnwell .Bros., Granville street.  'Largen'& Tu'p.pei', Granville street."  _-r__._r_._r_.-f-A  -SV-Lr-U B 0  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To all points in Canada and the United States.  TIIE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAILING roil JAFAS AND CI1ISA.  Empress ol China February 23t__  KinpreM ol India March 25th  Em press <i( Japan April 15th-  anu every four weeks thereafter.  SAI1.1SO fori HONOLULU AND AUSTRALIA.  Wiirrlinoo March 8th  Mlmvora... .��� April 5th,  AnraiiKi May 3rd.  and every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc..  apply to  J. COYLK,  A.G.I\AV  Vancouver, if, C.  JAMES SCLATEK,  Ticket Agent,  423 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. C  I  Black Lang-  shang Pullets  and Cockerels.  i-tf  .58  ii;.  Ill  IS. I  .'  ~-ul  Stock took First Prize at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.   Price 12 upwards,  tggs $1.50 |ier 13.  Brockton Point  Lighthouse.  W. D: Jones  Hmmmtm  Hnta THE INDEPENDENT.  SATUBIRA/S. ......*VHBRUAIR%9, 196*  DRIFTWOOD.  Built and run by Lue Vernon.  Business rooms Anv.old place.  Editorial room Wherever my rent is paid.  [Pieces washed up by the tide, boomed, sawed.  Spilt and piled for the perusal and pastime of  paid-up subscribers, also for those who beg,  horrow and steal The Independent in order  that they may enjoy a little sunshine as they  journey through this vale of tears.]  The Iniiei'enuknt is good soil in which to  Bow advertising.  There is ono thing tn be said in favor of tight  Shoes. They make a man forget all his other  Borrows.  ���  The railroad companies must make their  money off the middle class of humanity. I  have noticed that they aro theonly class which  actually pays. When n man Is very poor he  can't afford to buy a ticket, and when he's rich  . he travels on a puss.  A writer told me the other day that his wife  was quite literary. .Every time he steps out of  the'housc at night, she says "Quo Vadls 1"  than the sense of true honor ond decency.  Not long ago a journalist in New Orleans, La.,  who had by somo criticism offended a politician, received from him the following letter!  Sin: One does not send a challenge to a bandit of your species, one simply administers a  cuff on the ears. Therefore I hereby cuff both  your ears. Be grateful tome for not having  recourse of weapons.  Yours truly,  ,    Spccclimaker.  The Journalist answered:  My dear sir aud adversary: I thank you  according to your wish, for having sent mo the  cuffs by mail, instead of slaughtering me with  weapons. Cuffed by mail, I respond by des"  patching you by mail six bullets In the head.  I kill you by letter. Please consider yourself  dead from the tlrsl line nf this epistle. With a  respectful salutation to your corpse, I am very  triily yours,  .../.   Fabcr.  The publication of this corrcs|>ondcnce nearly  overwhelmed the politician with ridicule.  The oft snug dove of pcaco may yet-  Such is the vogue of warlike things-  Biscard the customary white,  And hover high on khuki wings.  The difference between character and reputation is the difference between what people  know about a man and what they don't know.  Landlady���The strong should help the weak.  Boardor���But how is tbe butter going to do  anything for the tea?  It is really amusing to listen to a lot of shal-  low-patcd dudes slobber over a girl at a piano,  who can neither play nor sing, call her voice  divine and her playing grand.  At 30 a man ought to know better than to  marry a woman he would have married nt  20, at 40 he ought to know better than to marry  stall. ���'".���',,  The Sultan of Turkey says it costs him 17,500,-  OOOayear to dress the ladies of his harem.  Think of thai, yo men, who think your wives'  last year gowns made over are good enough for  them.  ��� In case' a house should take lire, there are  ���women in Vancouver who would first think of  paving the pug dog and the children falter-  wards. V  We've seen it praised in poems,  In fact they quite abound,  How nature paints the country  And all the woodland round.  But though I lie dame is given  Her measure of renown,  The poets never mention  Hon- man can paint the town.  Editors will appreciate the following sentiment:  Abraham Lincoln once received a letter asking for a "sentiment" and his autograph, lie  replied: Dear Madam, When you ask from a  strangcr.that which is of interest only to yourself, always inclose a stamp. There's your  sentiment, and here's my autograph. A. Lincoln.  ;"I'd love to list to you all night" hesaid,  Kissed good-bye at the door, then homeward  .... sped. ;"��� j?  A year hud passed since she became his bride;  lie came liome late���his wish was gratified.  Many a married couple in Vancouver who  call each other in public "mamma" and "papa1'  lling booljacks, frying-pans and other articles  of furniture at each other when thjy arrive  home. .  Wanted, A Now Religion.  Jnijt at this time we need a new religion  that will make a man pay his debts. Shouting  don't settle old accounts witli God, Devil or  Man, We bounce right into a follow nnd put  him out of the church If he goes ton ball: or a  theatre, but never a word to the pious scamp  who never pays his debts. Preachers and  people who do not pay their debts are doing  " the church more harm than dancers or driink-  ards, for there arc more of them In the church.  There wus born in Kentucky the other day a  bor with three hips. If all Kcntuckians were  built that way they wouldn't be so greatly  cramped for. pocket room* for flasks and six.  shooters.  Now and then a husband advertises that he  will not pay debts contracted by his wife.  There arc a number of married women in Vancouver wlio should advertise that tbey will not  - pay the debts contracted by worthless husbunds  whom they support by their daily labors.  She shopped all day until the eve,  And came home almost dead,  But everything she had to show  Was one small spool of thread.  An Amusing Story.  A pleasant story is told about Mr Andrew  Carnegie. During a visit in Florida he attended a service in a little negro church. When  the contribution plate came around Mr Carnegie dropped a five-dollar bill upon it. After  "lhecohtems^oi'thc^platehadbeen^coiiiited;"  the clergyman arose and announced:" Brethren and sistern, the collection dls ehenlng  ���eems to figure up six dollars forty-four cents,  and if the five-dollar bill contributed by the  gentleman from de north is genuine, rle repairs  on the sanctuary will begin immediately."  Duelling.  The practice of duelling in the Southern  states of America is on the decline. It has  grown more ridiculous year by year, Hnd those  who engage in it become more and moro a  laughing stock. Perhaps Ihe sense of humor  has had more to do with the decline of duelling  Too Slow..  There are some towns that are so slow and  sleepy that to tlie festive drummer they have  no charms. It was in New Westminister, 11. C,  that a commercial drummer, who was compelled to spend Sunday in tho place, entered tho  dining room of the hotel where he was staying  for dinner.  "What will you have, sir?" inquired the  waiter, after some moments had passed.  " What have you to cat?" asked the drummer dismally. u  " We have wild duck, which is very nice, and  " Stopl" commanded the drummer, with the  first sign of animation he had displayed. " Has  a wild duck wings?"  "Yes, sir," responded the astonished Waiter.  "And can it lly?" persisted thcdismal commercial drummer. *  " Why, of course," said the waiter, who began  to think hiscustomcr was a lunatic.  "Then I wan't want any of it," exclaimed the drummer. "Anything that has wings  and could lly away from this dod-gasted, lazy,  sleepy and funcral.appcarlng place and didn't,  why- -No, thank you, none'of that for me."  The drummer has been assigned a, territory  that excludes his going to New Westminister,  B.C. "   '    '   .  It Wasn't Right.  As n rule my friend whom I shall call Blake  in the story is a particularly inoffensive individual, but ho is not in a very good temper just  at present. And this is tho reason. During  the great fall of snow in Vancouver a few weeks  ago, while it, was still dark, he crept noiselessly  downstairs, and set to work to clear the suow  from the Irbnt of his residence.  He worked like a nigger for an hour and a  half, aud when he trotted off to business he  chuckled at tho thought of the pleasant surprise awaiting his wife. When he returned to  lunch he expected the subject would bo mentioned, and he was not disappointed.  " That man did his work remarkably well,"  said his wife.   " There wasn't a bit of snow left  when he'd finished I"  .   " What man ?" gasped Blake.  "The man you engaged to clear away the  snow, dear," was the reply. "Ho was just  finishing when I came down. I gave him a  dollar I. Was that right, dear ?" '     , ���.- .  Blake didn't speak for some minutes, and  when he did his wife got up from the table and  left him���as she put it���to "have it out with  himself!".  Johnnie and the Minister.  Minister���Is your mother within, Johnnie? ,  Johnnie���Yes, sir. She saw you coming and  told mc to remain in tlie parlor with you until  she comes down.  Minister���I hope she will not lie long, <|  Johnnie���So do I.  Minister���Why, Johnnie?  Johnnie���I hate to watch people.  Minister���What do you mean ?  Johnnie���O, nothing much, only I heard papa  sny once that all ministers needed watching.  Minister���Your father is a very peculiar man,  Johnnie; I do not understand him.  Johnnie���He understands ;-ou enough. live  heard him say so. Yon don't like my papa, do  you?  Minister���Why I, er���er���like everybody,  Johnnie.  Johnnie���Do you like him justasmuch to-day  because ho isn't here as you would if he were  here?  Minister���Wc should love one another more  when apart from each other than when to*  gcthcr.  Johnnie���Then you like my papa more when  he Is away than you do when he is here, don't  you 7  Minister���Of course, Johnnie.  Johnnie���Do you like my mamma ?  Minister���Your mother  is a woman to be  admired by ull.  Johnnie���Do men admire your wife ?  Minister���I am sure 1 do not know.  Johnnie���Would you care if they did ?  Minister���It would all depend, Johnnie.  Johnnie���lt my papa admired your wife and  went to see'her when you wcrn't at* home,  would you care ?  Minister���Why of course I would.  Johnnie - Do you like my mamma better when  sheisn'tat home when you call, than when  she is ?  Minister���All good people love their neighbors at all times.  Johnnie���Arc you good ?  Minister���Yes, I think .  Johnnie���What for?  Minister���What do you mean ?  ���^ Johnnie"- What are-you-good���I- mean -what  are you a minister for?   Did you have to be  one?  Minister���Why, no, Johnnie. Why do you  ask? ,  Johnnie���I thought maybe you couldn't be  anything else and had to be one or starve.  Minister���O, no, Johnnie, you have the wrong  idea.   There arc some very smart men in the  ministry.  Johnnie���Arc you one of them ?  Minister���H'm,   well, Johnnie,   1  have no  doubt   my sermons have given many minds  food for meditation.   You have certainly beard  your mother speak of them II not your father.  Johnnie���Papa has said often that the only-  fault he could find with them is that they arc  too short.  Minister���Too short, Johnnie? Why that is  something unusual. Arc you sure you understand him correctly'* '  Johnnie���O, yes, becauBO 1'vo heard him say  time and again that just as soon us he com.  menced to eujoy himself in church, mamma  always woke him up and told him tho sermon  was finished.  Ministcr-H'm, nhl  Johnnie���Why don't you go to work ?  Minister���I do work, Johnnie.  Johnnie���Who for?  Minister-The I_ord.  Johnnie���Docs he pay you ?  Minlster-1 think he will when I go to Heaven.  Jonnnio���Don't yon expect to bo paid until  you get there ?  Minister���No, Johnnie.  Johnnie���I wouldn't bu a minister.  Minlstcr-And why not?  Johnnie���(Making his exit as his mother  enters): Have to take too many chances to get  your pay.  A Valentine.  Dearest man  To you I send  �� All the  love of     t  * Ono who'd dlo for  * " Yourself    or   any  Other.   Hear my  Plaintive  sigh  " ���   0 I'm a  , Sad and  Tender  ��� Flower  Bloom  ing on  the parent    tree    .  And   I'd  Brighten  " Every hour  Of your life, but  * Marry me  and I'll  prove that love  is  just what the poets  soltly call blushing  roses,      heart-brewed  wine cupld's magic, mystic  thrall.    I can cook darn  and sew. Sing and dance and  sympathize with my love in  everything.   Am I not a lovely  prize.   Turn not from my pleading lay.   I have waited years in  vain, love and lot mc love I pray  or my tears shall quench the rain.  Dreams like mine are seldom come  with its hopes to maid divine. Pity  me, good sir.   I pray, will you be iny  Valcn      tino?  , Ere say  my   roses   that you  fade   away will name  the day  THOSE LETTERS.  Tin* following letters linvu imsst-d la--  twt'i'ii tlio Vancouver Labor Party iiml  Jos. Martin, M. L. A:  Vancouver, Jan. 2s, 1901.  Hon. Joseph .Martin, M. 1'. P.,  Dear Sir: Referring to tho conlereiice held  with you a ml your coinmittca ut St. Paul's hospital, re provincial politics:  On behalf ot the Vancouver I.nlmr Parly wc  may say that wu are not putting up our I'aiull  date in opposition to your Parly, nml wo luvu  no doubt you will find him with you on many  questions of vital importance. Wo also fi  confident that Mr Mdi'plii'r.oil's past record In  the l.iicul House will be nn indU-ailoii ol his  future course, and shows moro clearly than wo  can explain In writing what Ills stand wotili  be on nil public qucstluus likely tn come up,  as well us ills attitude towards the Government.  Hut, at the same time, we do not wish our  candidate to be in any way pledged lo parties.  Wo prefer him to fight for principle-, and vole  with those who go in tlio same direction as we  ourselves aro travelling. And wo have no  doubt that if ibe policy pursued by you and  your party commends itself to thu majority of  the citizens of Vancouver you will have no  reason to regret allowing our candidate to go  unopposed so fur as the Opposition parly is  concerned.     Yours respectfully,  (<!KO. Wii.iiv,  Y> (Signed) IT. 11, cno-s,  Ih. D, TAYLOU.  Committee of Vancouver Labor Party.  Not Much Above tlie Price of  Old Iron____<*>  Kitchen  Knives and Forks  at 15c a pair.  ' How --nn tliey he sold at that price?  Nove,r mind, 15c a pair.  All Cutlery and Spoons emuilly cheap.  We're headquarters for all kinds of  Knives, Forks and Spoons.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Ham,, 319 Hastinos Bnm.  St. Valentines Day.  ; " In the spring the young man's fancy lightly  turns to thoughts of love," and lest there  should beany danger of his ^forgetting tho approach of the vernal period of courtship, we  will inform him that next Thursday, February  14, is St. Valentine's day.  Tradition says that St. Valentine was an Italian priest, with a most beautiful disposition,'  who was famed for his chority to all men. In  the end ho suffered martyrdom. One account  says this occurred at Home in the year 270,  while another story places this.tragedy at  Tcrul, in 306. Legend tells how he was  brought before Emperor Claudius II, who asked  him why he did not cultivate his friendship  by worshiping the Emperor's gods. Valentine  defended the faith of Christianity so eloquently  that Calphurnius, the high priest, became  alarmed lest the emperor should be converted  and he should lose his job. He was sent to  Astcrius to be judged, and to him he preached  the Christ. Asterius responded by saying: " If  he be the light of tho world, he will restore the  light to my daughter, who has been, blind for  two years." Valentine laid his hands on the  girl, and her sight was restored. Then Astcrius and his household were baptized. This so  enraged Claudius that he caused everybody  connected, with the transaction to be beaten  and thrown into prison. A year later, on Feb.  ruary 1_, Valentine was beheaded. History  traces the custom of sending missives of love  on Valentino's day back to the old Latin test!*  val of Lupcrcalia, which occurred in February.  On that occasion the names of the women were  placed in a box and were drawn out by the men  each being bound to honor and serve the  woman whoso name he had drawn in this  lottery of marriage. The church tried to turn  the custom to religious ends, but failed.  ���Luk Vkrn-ox.  Vancouver, B. C, Jan. 80,1901.  Geo. Wilby, Esq., Vancouver, B. C.  Dear Sir: I havo laid the letter of your committee before our committee, and they feci  pleased at the tone of it. It would appear thnt  there is no real obstpcle to the Lnbor Party und  the Opposition Party working together. We  intend, therefore, to call a convention of our  party und urge it* to endorse Mr. Macpherson,  provided he publicly agrees to oppose the gov*  eminent and declares himself in favor of the  opposition platform, as wo gather from your  letter that you are willing that he should take  this step? Mr. Macpherson himself being already on record onboth these points wo anticipate no difficulty.  Youre truly,  (Signed),        Josei'ii Maktin.  Vancouver, B.C., Feb. 1,1901.  Ceo. Wilby, Esq., Vancouver, B. C.  Dear Sir: We have culled a meeting for this  evening to arrange to bring out u candidate for  the Opposition. If Mr. Macphorsnn intends to  comply with the last letter I wrote you it would  be advisable that he should write me a lettor to  that effect to-day, or be present at the meeting  this evening. Unless this is done the meeting  will, no doubt, arrange to have dolegates appointed for aconyention, und if tho Labor  Party intend to accept our proposal we might  as well dispense with the trouble of getting a  convention together.   Yours trnly,  (Signed) JosEi'ii Maiiti.v.  | The Female Labor -Party  holds tlio balance of power when it comes to a  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the  subject we aro most interested in. We Want  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity  of showing the good points of McCfary's ������**  famous Range. It is the best and tlie terms  are easy. ���  126 Hastings St.  ��f�� 34 Cordova St.  LABOR NOTES.  Brief Paragraphs of Doings in the Wide field  of Labor.  Oregon has adopted the initiative and refer-  endom.  Laundry Workers have organized a national  union, with headquarters at Tray, N. Y.  The wagc-carncrs of Cleveland are demanding a weekly pay day and that on Saturday.  New York is to have a 30-story building, 155  feet high, and costing .2,000,000. It is to be  used for ofllces.  The National Association of bouse Painters  and Decorators ' moots: at Convention Hull,  Buffalo, February 1C-'_S.  Chicago has a big co-operative boarding  house, where it is reported the memt ers get  good meals at-11 cents-each.' = : ������  I.ockcd-out laundry workers at Dayton, O.,  have raised ?7,000 ot, the "10,000 that they arc  going to invest in a co-operative laundry.  The eight-hour day has been put ln force at  Butte, Mont., all the Anaconda properties  being now run on the Bhorter day system.  Kngllsb capitallstsareeven more callous than  tho American variety. Four of the largest bible  printing houses In England have recently  formed a trust, and put the prices up M per  cent.  The street car company In  Lima, O., put  placards In the earn requesting the passengers I  to watch the registration of fares.  The conduc-1  tors became Indignant and quit work, and the  placards wore removed.  The plumbers and Painters of Honolulu stood  for the clght-hour workday and gained it.  The Carpenters have organized, and in con-  Junction with tho Bricklayers and Masons will  demand the same hours.  Victoria, Australia, has built seven local railways on the co-operative principle. Tho railways were estimated for by contract off_!,700,-  000, but by working the co-operative principle  they were completed for ?1,2G0,500.  Professor Starr, ofthe Chicago Standard Oil  'University, has reached the scientific conclusion that the Americans will eventually become Indians. If the only "good" Indians arc  dead Indians, tbe sooner these university professors become good Indians, the better it will  be lor inkllcclual freedom.���Southern Mercury.  "Vancouver, B. a, Feb. 7,1901.  To the Chairman of the Opposition Meeting to  be held on Feb. 8,1901.  Dear Sir���Previous communications between  the Labor Party of this city and Mr. Martin  have been conducted through a committee  consisting of Messrs. Wilby, Cross and^Tuylor,  but at my request the Labor Party decided  last night that I should communicate with you  myself iu regard to the two points spoken of in  Mr. Martin's letters. I do this all the more  readily us I wish my position in the matter to  be clear und perfectly understood. I may point  out, however, that unless Mr. Martin thinks I  am prepared to go back on - my previous record, there cannot be any doubt about my  position in his own mind, for in the letter he  wrote to Mr. Wilby on the :10th ult., ho says  I nui "on record on both points."  The two points referred to by Mr. Martin are  (1st) Am I in favor of his platform, and (2nd)  Am 1 opposed to the present Government.  Iu refcrenco to the 1st; that is Mr Martin's  platform, let me sny I endorsed that platform  in the recent provincial campaign, and I have  seen no reason whatever to change my attitude  towards it in nny way since.'  in reference to the Und, viz., opposition to the  present Government, 1 can only,, repeat now  what 1 said publicly at the time I agreed to be  standard bearer for the Labor Party in the  present contest. That is to say, I know each  membcrof the present Government personally,  and becauso I know them, 1 expect nothing  from them in the way of legislation in the.  interests of working people. If elected therefore; I look forward to finding myself steadily  in opposition to the House, but this feeling  will not prevent mc irom voting for any measure, even if introduced by the Government,  which I mny think' to be in the interests of  labor in the province.  Let mc aud that I fully ngreo with the views  expressed in the letter written to Mr Martin by  tho committee of the Labor Party and published In the " World " of the 6th, Inst.  '  Yours respectfully,  Robert Maci'iierso*..  McLennan, McFeely & Co*  rWHOIiE-JA-t-E AND  RB1UIU DEALERS IN-  ton* Hardware  {MAXti ORDERS RECBIVB PHOMPT JLTTJSmiON.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��. CO.  WHOLKSALE GKOCKRS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -  Vancouver, B. C.  HQf" Headquarters for Domestic and .Imported Ctyars and Smoking Sundries.  Sent (or His Monthly Working Card.  The Seattle Union Record snys that the correspondence received at the oflice of the Secretary  ofthe typographical union is funny at times,  but there is an artist in humorous missives residing iu Scdro-Woolley who easily out-distances all others.   Here's his latest:  " Herewith please, do please find the price of  twenty foaming beakers, which am willing to  forego just for the sake of one of those nobby  liltle-slamp-spaugled-dingbats which-thoIfT."  U. decrees necessary to gain admission into  decent society.   Do I get it?  Good.  "I have no idea of the nature of the job  which you chaps had prepared for the'rural  gent who was expected at tho last meet, but I  guess it's Just as well that he didn't get there.  It took a freight car to bring his head home  trcm Seattle on the occasion of his lust previous  visit when ho wrestled with only one of the  push. God only knowB���but it Is too awful for  sober thought.  " Yours ln Fraternal Sobriety,  "G.B.L."  Figs; 4 pounds for 25c nt The City  Grocery.  The reports of sickening: immorality,  murder, robbery and crime of nil  shades and descriptions dlnhed uip dally  In our newspapers is excellent literature upon iwljloli' to feed tho rising- generation a,nd ensure their following the  straight and narrow path of virtue, and  probity.  ��� When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 126,  The best Cough Cure is <��� BIG 4 "  have you tried it?  Of Removal  The Imperial  Bakery . -. -  LATH   OK   CAltKAI.r, AND HASTINGS  STS.,  HAVE KEMOVEI) TO  56 CORDOVA ST.  Where it. has opened First-class Tea  anil Coffee Rooms in connection witli  the Bakery. The public nro requested  to rivc the iirm a trial.  Courteous treatment of our patrons  and the best of goods is our motto.  KENr��>TIMt1S.  The finest lino of SPECTACLES anil  EYEGLASSES in liritish Columbia, and  you will find tho prices right.��� Our doctor of optics examines eyes free.  Macfarlane & Roome  Reat Estate and Insurance Agents.  442  Westminster Avenue  Have properties of all kinds in every  part oi the city for sale or for rent.  Insukanck in.Am, Its Bkanciiks.  AVe are always pleased to give or got  information. - When requiring anything  in our line give us a call.  WE CARRY_^>  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery' and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  ofthe very best quality,  35c, 40c and 50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  MG Westminster Avenue.  ���I  146 CORDOVA SPKEET.  Wo aro prepared to supply  all your wants. livery purchaser shall kcI full value  for their money. Make out  your list and come to���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Hardie & Thompson  .Marine and GeneraL  i Consulting Mechanical Engineers  520 Cordova St. W��� Vanccuvxh. B. O. Til. 5��  Patontecs and itcsiKimrs nf the llanlle-  Thompson water tulm holler, now hlrb  speed revcrsInK ciiffim-*, niul spucul  machinery In Unlit htiIoiik for mints.  PROrXLMCM DtHIONEII.    KNIIlNPt INDICATED A OH  Aim-nun.  Sole agents in II. C, and N. W, Territories to  the United Flexible Metallic Tublnn Co., Ltd.  Loudon, Kng.  :   GEO. HAY  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Kenovator, makes a suit new.  -  Dyeing and Repairing.  216 Cambie St., VlKoouvn,  ������������������������������  ROOMS TO LET  with or without board.   Apply at 573 Hornby stroot.  Mks. D. Waitk.  COX. SXYMOtrjl AND couov* m  (nearC. P K. Station.)  Fineold Knclish Alo, Stout and BMr:  hest old Scotch and Irish whisky: domestic and Imported Cigan. kna-  thUg up to the handle.  M,1!,;, ukiluu~uJ;��untr*m  *"        *���

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