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The Independent Feb 2, 1901

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 rSE_-__-__Z-S__-_S3-_:  v.^     - / *- Y\  /I  u  *1  I  I  Subscription, $1.25 a Year  Wago-earncrs should subscrlbo,  because this paper is printed in  their interests.  Subscribe NOW.  312 Homer Street.  VOL. 2.  To  Accomplish   Results?"  Business men should advertise  in the labor piip.'r. It reaches  the best paying trade in the city.     '  312 Homer Street.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1901.  NO. 19.  TRADES MD LABOR COUNCIL  TTho i'rades and Labor Council liekl  Sts regular meeting on Friday night,  President Dixon In the chair.  Tlio following credentials wero received: Amnlfvamiitod Society of Carpenters nml Joiners, H. "Williamson  tvIcq John Davidson; Tprographlcal  "Union, J. IT. Browne vice XV. B. Hug-lies  resigned; Brotherhood ot ttallroadi  Trainmen, T. J. Caushlln.  Tlie following  COMMUNICATIONS  ���were rea<l nntl disposed of:  Prom,the B. C. Fishermen's Union;  tf.'.IX. Bowell; Mayor Townley, enclosing his address; Parliamentary' Committee; Thomas F. JIcGulBan; Thomas  *FV McGuigan, re wages of printers,  tailors, bakers; etc.; John Mathews;  George H. Turner; W. H. Bambury,  Secretary of Phoenix Trades anil Labor Council;. Alfred Parr, Secretary  Ymlr MlnensV Union; J. A. Foley, of  Siocan Miners' Union; John C. Tyree,  Secretary of Sllverton Miners' Union;  Editor of "Province"; J. XV. Wells, Secretary Boundary Trades nn<i Labor  Council; Committee of .the.Greenwood'  Trades nnd Labor Council; Rev. Ii. G.  MacBeth.  REPORTS.  The Parliamentary Committee sub-  mlMed the following ^solutions, which'  wore udoote'd:  IW'horeas���The Stove Liiilte Power  Company are .'winking an application  to. the. city council for. n "franoWtae on  Kimilur tei-in.H and comlltlons as the  Telephone' company, and ithe British  'Columbia. Electric llaihvay company,  andi  IWihereas���Since, the above franchises  have been granted, llie city charter has  been so "altered .that they now possess  larger powers nnd privileges than they  were ever grunted by the city; and  ���Whereas���SI nee these companies got  .their'l'lglitu and 'powers from this city,  .our provincial   legislature  In   lis folly  jius lnnde It, Impossible for the city to  -do its own lighting wlthou llrst'buying  -aut the lUrltlsh Columbia Railway com-  jinny's light plant; and  Whereas���If llie same privileges are  ���given to the Stave fLake Power company wc- will have two companies with  two sets of poles ^i-uliw.lres strung  .through our streets or lanes; and  Whereas���History goes to prove that  7lwo or even three companies does not  .give us competition, 'but that If one  ���cannot put the other to the wall they  amalgamate, and the citizens pay the  piper, which'; the '.'following cases cited  go to prove:  *'ln London,,'the largest city of the  world, w.here'competition In public service might nourish, If anywhere, look  .at the various -water companies. They  iliiiive mu.pped out the city in districts.  Each company sticks to its own district. And Londoners1 pay more ^or  water Hum the 'residents of any city  owning water works. New York .had'  several gns companies. They agreed on  prices until (some years ago, when they  amalgamated and 'Unloaded; millions of  watered stouk on  the public.  "Toronto years ago gare a charter to  a second electric company under strict  pledge  that It  would  not .amalgamate  _wltl��  llie  old   one.   They arc  amalgamated.   Montreal gave   u, second  gas  charier some years ago.   That charter  is now the property of the old  com-  ��� ipiiny, bought up at u. sum giving a big  ���picllt-to���the���promnlerH���of��� tlio-new-  ���cliuiter.   iVnd  upon  thai sum  the gas  -consuming-public of _dontrc_a.l pays the  Piper.     Ottawa formed   thrae electric  ���companies in succession nnd gave them  'franchliKH.   They   nmalgamated,  Issu-  'Jng some tletltlous stock, on wlilch the  public has wince been ipiiylng eight per  -cent dividends.   And   every one   must  ivmi'inilier iiiii- own clly's    experience  with a second   company,  anil   how   It  was bough! off.   Suoh Instances are hut  -a few among many.   'Public experience  lie-lug iiiiHalMfiiclorylii nine cases out.  ���of '.en with companies,"  Therefore, ho It resolved���Thnt we,  ns a body, are opposed lo any furilier  ���obstacles being put lit tho wny of thin  ���oily taking slops to supply light nnd  power tn the citizens. And as It can  not .grant privileges to nny company  without Injuring the prospects of the  ���city doing this work; therefore, be It  .further ji      '  , .,-|  ���Resolved���That we ask the city council to enter Into .negotiations with the  British . Columiba ��� Electric Hallway  Company for the purchase of their electric plant, wires and poles or the entire system. Then once haying Its. own  pl'ant it can deal with''the Stave "Lake  Power company on rt business proposition, and In a business: manner, as a  business council no donlbt will do; and  be It' further ������  iru-solved���That a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the city council  fiinhwllh.  The special Committee appointed to  protest against "'the employment of  Chinamen on Government works, made  an encouraging report.  , ���'��� ' GBNERAL.  A motion wns passed that any member serving on a Committee, who failed to attend two consecutive meetings  without reasonable excuse, be replaced:  The Committee re the Alexandra Or-  phannge was enlarged somewhat, and  Instructed to continue the agitation,  until a satisfactory Investigation is  made.  A question was asked) whether tho  materials used in the building of the  public Bchools were to be Canadian  made where possible.  A Committee was appointed to attend  at the City Council to look aflter, the  interests of the -various labels that may  be used on City work.  It was decided that ithe delegates attend the 'Memorial services this afternoon In the Opera House, although  they will not be through work early  enough to assemble in a body. As  many as can' get to the Trades'Hall  by 3 o'clock, it is requested, will do so.  A'delegate brought to the attention  of tha Council a case of destitution,  and .the delegates immediately subscribed a nice tidy sum.  LABOR NOTES.  Hold  CURRENT OPINION���ALL SORTS.  t COI.ll ANII ICV.  Over tlie telephone: "Of all tlie  cold and icy proceedings in this cold and  icy world, about, the ctiMcsl, thing that  ever happened to mo i.s that of sending a  collector to make mc pay up my subscription lor your paper. Good-bye."  ���St. John Preoinan.  AND TIIK "IlKVIl." TO  PAY.  Newspapering is better than keeping  a book store; you have no notes to  meet, etc.; all you've got to do is to pay  the printer.1.. Then subscriptions come  in_ YS'n trouble at all. 'I don't know  whether I'll tell them to 'put me off at  .Buffalo' or not. Good morning.���St.  John .Monitor.  SKINS  OK  I'KOKI'KltlTY-s  Prosperity in tlio erection of prisons,  reformatories, lunatic, asylums, charitable institutions and sanitariums continues with unabated rigor. ��� N.-V.  People.  KFPKCTIV'li.  The labor laws enacted by capitalists  are usually so effective tlint working  men have to strike in order to get tliem  enforced, and then those who enact the  laws oppose the strike.���N. V. I'coplc.  Enfranchisement ol Women.  Mile. He Giiinond, writing in nrecent  number of the Peuple, 'Brussels,' deals  with  the question of the enfranchisement, of women'du follows:  'If tlie Workman's Party opens with  confidence its',campaign for uiiirersnl  adult suffrage, it is liei-aiiHe it knows it  may count on tho women of the near future. It opens its Mnison du l'euple, its  trade unions, its meetings to women.  It associates thein iu its pursuits of economic reforms, one of the principal' results of which will he the raising of the  ["workman's family. J)o not doubt hut  what, .women understand this. Tlie woman nt home iu possession of the suf-  frag(rwoiild_be~tlieJwbiiran���liukii7g_irer  home to nil other homes, her children  to all other children; she would subordinate her pririile interest, to the collec-  tivi- interest, which, participating in  every interest of public life, enters into  n universal solidarity."  Brief Paragraphs of Doings In tbe Wide  ol Labor.  Tin- Sllverton Miners' Union is seeking incorporation.  l'enuilo compositors arc not allowed to  set typo nt night.  The Glucosu Trust, knocked out 17  Chicago syni'p making plants in December. '   '���' .  A man who is a union mun only for  what lie can make, out of it is not .to lie  trusted.  Tlie printers of Winnipeg last Saturday night gave a unique and successful  smoker.  Colored waiters in New York City  have organized and joined the Central  Federated Union.  The Social Democrats cast 1)11,018 votes  (latest returns) in the .'presidential  election for .Debs.  Chinese cooks are being employed in  many of'tlio restaurants of. -.'.Portland.  They work 15 hours a day.  Washington's official chemists' opinion is that the use of labels on bread is  not detrimental to bread, us some claim.  Queen Helene, of Italy, is said to be  a radical and insists upon the appointment ol* working men to. important governmental positions.  "A. bill was introduced in the House of  Representatives of Missouri, relating to  fares on railways, reducing passenger  rates to 2 cents per mile.  W. J. Bryan intends to set type on  his new paper, the Commoner, and he  will apply for membership in the Lin-  col, Neb., Typographical Union.  Organizer Watson has received the  charter and supplies for the Kburne  fishermen's union. ��� He,: will forthwith  visit that place aud install the officers.  Dunsmuir's ton, when he pays the  men, weighs something over 2,800  pounds. Wo wonder if he sells his coal  at the same weight per ton.���Coast  -timer.  Two new laws became operative on  January lst,._throHghout France. One  gives ' to soldiers free postage for two  letters ench month; the other requires  stores to provide seats for shop girls.  Thu now year asks for volunteers in  the cause of trade unions. The sleepers  of 1900 will lie buried beneath the union  labor movement if they do not awake  and fair in line.���Portland I,abor Press.  Chicago contractors are worried over  the news that, the Jlricklayers' International Union will consider a proposition  to refuse to back up stone? with brick if  it has been cut outside the city where it  is set.  The enemies of unions support papers  which try to bring public sentiment  down upon the labor movement. Therefore labor ought to supjiort the paper  which is lighting for the labor cause.���  Union Guide.  Tlie new plant of the American Axe  it Tool Company, of Glassport, Pa., the  largest of its kind in the world, is Hearing completion and will commence operation February 1. One thousand men  will be employed,  ''Louis Wood, a former dry goods  clerk, 02 years of age, comniited suicide,  in New York last week because he failed  to find employment through being too  old. This is what comes of living beyond the time when the capitalist can  make use of a workingman.  A special to the Tribune from Hco-  lield, .Utah, says 500 coal miners went  on  strike   last   Monday for. increased  shape of individuals. And what consideration would bo shown these men,  who had nothing hut their own strength  to rely on? Why, the consideration  that the lion shows the lamb, the consideration that tlio serpent shows the  bird, and yet there are men who work  for n living who refuse to join the  unions, that are the mciniHof preventing  them from, working for starvation wages  or else walking the street in idleness,  ���Labor Press.  THE M SCHOOL  Labor organizations in Kansas are  petitioning the Kansas Legislature to  open up the salt mines around Hutchinson and start, the convicts to making  salt in opposition to the Salt Trust and  its high prices. The manufacture of  binding twines was started in the penitentiary in much the same way and the  industry has been considered a relief to  the fanners.  Replying, to u deputation of the Trades  and Labor council and the Labor party  of Winnipeg, Premier Koblin said that  the factory inspector would be appointed and the act enforced. He thought  that the bake shop act could be incorporated therewith.- He was glad to find  compulsory education so cordially endorsed. The government were' giving a  ood deal of thought to it, and although  the difficulties were too great for them  to do as they would like, they would; do  something, announcement of which  would be made in due course.  The <l'iin-American l-_K|iosltloii at lliif-  fnlo In 1901 will he strictly a new world  affair from stall to .Intsli. It in organised expressly and solely for tlie  general advancement of llie great and  mu i mt I Industrial nnd commorclnl tn-  teri'.sl.s of everybody.on tills side of the  iAlhi.il ic, and to ipropagate peace, prosperity and friendship, all of .which and  inneh more,,It Is bound to accomplish.  ll'ete Curriin, the fraternal delegate  of tlie Hritlsh Trades Union Congress,  to the American Federation ot Labor,  says: "Though il detest monarchy,  monarchical institutions, yet with  all Its,forms, and .with Its'figure-heart  aa a ruler, I iwould mot exchange British monarchy for (American republicanism."'  .(Pay up your subsorlptlon .to'the Independent, .lit does not cost you much  and you ehould?'not,Hesitate about giving your, support, readily to a labor pa,-  per.  wages. There is no intimation as to  what the malingers oi the mine will do.  It was nt Scolield that the disastrous  explosion occurred last May. This is  the first mining strike in the history of  Utah.  On account, of his birthday, King Victor Kiiimaiiuel III. issued an act of pardon by which 10,841) convicts wore given  their freedom. Hut there is in Italy so  much distress and lack of employment  that approximately one-half of the number ul convicts included in the pardoning ni-t lieggeil on their knees to he retained in the prisons, instead of being  sent forth tu meet death by starvation.  Such is the curse resting on fair Italy  since Sept. 20, 1870.  SupiKise every labor union iu the  United States were to disband, throw  away their charter, and every man, no  matter what his calling, should undertake to work indeiiendeiitly of any organization, to hoe his own row, to  paddle his own canoe, to go it mono,  what would be the result V The man  who can't answer that question ought  logo to the asylum for .idiots and imbeciles. Every workingman in tho land  would be at the'mercy of powerful monopolies, rich corporations that have no  souls, and heartless employers in the'  Steveston Notes.  The municipal election for councillor  in Ward II., municipality of Richmond,  held on the 18th inst., must have been  more than of .passing interest to many  in Vancouver, as it brought out to the  support of "Mr��� ]<_. Hunt (of local militia  fume) Bell Irving, tlie tyee cannerymiin  of Vancouver, with all his force and influence, also a city policeman or two,  ono of whom became .abusive to Mr.  Petersky, the .defeated candidate.  What does it all mean? Are the wholesale employers of Mongolian labor to  stick together and defy all opposition to  white Canadian labor interests? We  all know/that white labor has almost all  been rushed out of the canning industry,  by such men as Mr. Irving and others of  his calibre.  The certified balance sheet of Richmond municipality shows the receipts,  ending Dec. 31, 11)00, to have been  $35,7-10.45, and expenditures $34,723.04.  The liabilities amounted to $223,040.72.  Oriental cheap labor came in for a good  share of the municipal funds, as wit-  nesseth: Ah Sam, ditching, $130; del.,  $100; do., $250; Ah Leer, unloading rock,  $10.80; Sing Lung, ditching No. 1 ro��d  $110; do., $185; Ah Leer, unloading  rocK,, $25.12; Quong Sang, ditching,  $114; Ah Leer, work at scow landing,  $5.50; Wing Lee, ditching and grading  No. 3 road, $(!2.o0; Ah Leon, breaking  rock, $4(1.(12; do., $57.05; do., unloading  rock, $2(1.50; Wing Lee, grading No. 3  road, $(>2..)0; Ah Lcen, breaking rock,  $3.50; Ah Lcen, making scow landings,  $24; do., unloading rock, $51.32; do.,  filling slough, $37.50; Ah Sam, cutting  brush, $50; do., breaking rock, $82; do.,  $tl(i.40; do., $1(1.50; A. Mitchell/supplies, Yon Lee, $10; Lee King, washing,  $4.  Other items particularly interesting  are: C. Winters, spikes for road,  (Hunt), $]5.(i0; 0. Winter, spikes and  cleaning ditch, Second avenue (Hunt),  $33.70; do., spikes (Hunt), 7.80.  Hunt's motto seems to be, "White  men need not apply for municipal work  that can be so easily performed by  Cliiiiniiienr'-���It���will-be-sceii-that���in  Ward 11., that Mr. Hunt has not forgot  his own store, as all supplies for that  ward were bought, nt his store, through  C. Winters, an employee of the municipality. Next to him municipal favor is  conferred on Sing Long, a Chinaman,  who is considered by his own countryman as being "heap artful." It is alleged that when he is not, .engaged by  the municipality he is runner for giimli-  ling dens in Steveston. Chinamen do  the bulk of the work. When spoken to  on this subject, the people in charge sny  its an excuse that white men cannot he  got to do the work. This is a deceitful  lie, us there arc hundreds of white men  always available at fair wages.  Anti-Moniiomax.  Steveston, It. C, Jan. 25, 11)01.  [Xotk���The foregoing arrived at this  oflice too late for publication last week  -En.)  " Admiral Seymour Public School " is  the iiiiinu of the new big school building  just ulmut completed, cast, of Campbell  avenue, in Ward IV.   It wns occupied  for the llrst time yesterday.   The mammoth frame structure is of three storeys  with basement, and is a credit, not only  to the city but to thu men engaged in its  construction.    Tin:   1xi>_-.im_xii..nt   had  the pleasure of going all orer it, and  was surprised ut its large  dimensions  and the- thoroughness of the work, which  was principally done by day labor.   The  elaborate ends of thu'structure are. identical in appearance, and so are the sides.  Four very large and four small windows  adorn each of the ends, and four large  and 21 small windows aro located on  each of the sides, besides there is a row  of windows around the basement.   The  new school house is well lighted and  ventilated, a good feature.   On two of  the fiats there are two spacious rooms,  four of which are 3(!)<;x2(i feet, with 13-  foot ceilings, find four are 33x2(1 feet.  The centre hall is 1!) feet four inches  square.   Vestibules  or : entrances, very  elaborate in design, aro at both ends,  with roomy passages extending therefrom, 8x2(i lect.   The rooms have fine  wainscottings  of liritish Columbia  fir  and  are  well-finished   off with three  coats of varnish. The blackboards, three  to the room, are of genuine 11. C. slate.  A cloak room, 5x20 feet,  is connected  with each class room, as is also a large  wash bitsiii; so that boys and girls coming to school with dirty hands and faces  .will be accommodated in future with a  place to wash.   All the floors will be  oiled.   The  assembly   room,   57    feet  square, is on the top floor, and has two  entrances, the termini of two high stair  caHes.   It may be mentioned that the  stairways and casings are all very large  and  substantial.   The 13-foot walls of  this room are of B. C. cedar.   The roof  is gained by means of a lader, where a  grand view of the inlet, False creek and  the city may be had.   In fact this part  of ���Vancouver is called Grand View. The  roof is covered with galvanized iron, the  work of Mr. Wilband.   The basement  is another large place, the lloor of which  is made of cement.   In it are   placed  two large Rutley tubular furnaces, made  by that firm at Toronto, and put into  place   by Mr. Aldershaw of this city.  The  boys'  playing   quarters   here   are  ��0x28 feet and the girls' (S0x24 feet.   The  scolars will use the basement when the  weather prevents playing'out of! doors,  which is a very considerate idea.   The  whole base of the school is 75 feet four  inches square. The architect was K. A.  Whitehead.   The building is painted in  three colors���warm and yellow drabs,-  with maroon shadowing.   This work, as  well as the varnishing and oiling of the  floors, has been thoroughly executed in  every detail.   It wus carried out under  the supervision of W. Davis.   Both  he  and his staff have the record of being  first-class workmen, as the work speaks  for itself.   The carpentring will not be  all  completed   till   another  couple   of  weeks.   Angus   McLunnan  is the foreman over this important branch, and he  and his large staff of men havedonethcir  part well, the details having been thoroughly completed.   The masonry work,  which wns started the Tuesday  following Labor Day,  wan  in charge of Mr.  Dickie, and a  thoroughly   reliable job  was the result.   The plastering is a good  clean  neat job.   Mr.  Tyson,  an  old-  timer  of this  city, did   not permit of  Bcanip work being done.   Mr. H. Cliip-  chase.-the-superiiiU'nilent-of-consI ruction, is well satisfied with the results as  explanations  hare  already  shown.   A  good deal of interest has been centred on  thu building of this work, because it  was principally done by the day and not  the contract system.   Figures as lo the  cost of the undertaking will ���not, ho available for a few   weeks,   but  enough  is  known that the work has been kept well  within  the appropriation.   An soon as  Ihey hare been compiled Ihey will appear in this paper.   The tin work is coil-  tract, and so is the plumbing, the former Ih-ingiloiH- by Mr.  Wilband and  the  latter  by   llnrr it  Anderson.   Sceptic  tanks will   be   used  to dispiiie  of (he  sewage,  LITTERS TO THE EDITOR.  move in the nuttier, but nothing wm  done.   But   instead   the   board    foune  time to discuss the rights of a teacher te  exercise his prcviligcs as a free bom citizen to the franchise.   Although it apparently possesses the |-owor at present  to prevent teachers from exercising their  political rights, the school board shoulil  not forget that cost of school books is  far more important to the community,  and that it is a question quite within itsi  jurisdiction.   If free school books were*  universal in this Province thousands oE  parents would be relieved of a burden  they can ill afford, and also work would  lie prorided for hundreds of others. Thu  school board evidently fails to recognize)  this fact, for if it did it would have so  informed the public.   The jjehool Board  could and should help the workers of  this  Province  to   procure  free school  books.   I notice that you suggest that  there is perhaps it grant to the election  funds of this Province, and   thus the  monopoly in school books is maintained.  Certainly it is quite evident that thcro  must be some person or persons getting  a pull out of it, or the left-off, out-of-  date eastern school books would- not bo  tolerated or supplied in this Province.  Instead of arguing whether the caretaker must not be over 45 or (10 years of  age in order to hold his job at starvation  wages, it would be wiser for the school  board   to use its powers to alter this  state  of  affairs.   If  the   Government  could not or would not give free school  books it could at the very least provide  the) people with books at cost or a little  over.   The cost of school books in .'this  city is a large item to the average workingman.   For instance, a man with half  a dozen children to maintain, gets only  $2 a dity; allowing 24 working days in a.  month, he would earn $48.   In a family  of eight this would be $0 each a month,  or $1.50 a week to live on.   Aftor paying  for rent, coal oil, wood, boots, clothing  and numerous other things, there is not  much left for the o^r mother ; to make  both ends meet, .oid keep the family respectable.  The term monstrous is applicable  to "the school   board when it  sf-   ps  to squabble over trivial  things  to  avoid   issues   relieving the.masses. ,  There are a.large number of men in tliis "  locality who receive less than $2 a day.  For instance the lalxirers employed by  theC. P. It. get-but$1.40 for 10 hours,  and at present, on account of the short  days, work only eight hours.   This is  cruel treatment, and to think that these  men must buy school books for their  children is absolute torture.   True it is  that not, one, half'of the world knows  how the other half lives.   It seems that  men placed in responsible positions by  the citizens do not seem to care, or they  would give a little more thought to these  matters of vital-iinjiorti-iHic to-oo nianyi"  1 notice that they actually sent east for  the desks the children sit at in our own  schools.   Our Provincial    Government  should offer a premium for the best class,  of desk manufactured in the province-,  which would not infringe upon others  patented.   This would encourage home  industry.   Our legislators and trustees  are too prone und too eager to make the  mighty dollar, to hare much  time loft ta  devote to tho.public's interest, especial-,  ly (to them) the small matter of free  school  books and home industry. . The  working classes must realize tbut they  must work out their own salvation on  earth  as  well  as in heaven, and the  sooner they make up their mind to pull  together  and   insist   on   having   these  matters attended to the sooner they will  get them.   We should look at the main  issue, and uot at the side issues like the  school ..board. We���want���the���school���-  books made in liritish Columbia, free if  possible, but at, niiy rate nt a little above  cost price. Then wbut'is thii use quarreling orer a man whether he is a tee-  totler or not or whnt-his religion is when  he is seeking your suffrages and advocating needed reforms for your direct  lK'iielit. We want, men iu public, life  who hold up-to-date ami progressive  ideas. If this were done no Iwiird or  government would dure to keep hack;  that, which belongs to the people.  J. II. Watmhj.  Vancouver, Jan. .'II, 1001.  A Toronto despatch says that the recently organir.ed milk trust will be followed by a bread trust. The Ontario  Gazette contains notices of the incorporation of a company with a capital of  $850,000 to acquire principal city bakeries and the Sphnix flour mills. Walter Massey, of the big implement firm,  is behind both consolidations.     '    '  Mr. WiUm on School M��tt��-_-  To this Editor ol Tim Indki-kniiknt:  ,Sm,���1 did not have an pp]*ortiiiiity to  lay my views before the citizens of Vancouver during the late, municipal campaign on school matters; and especially  upon the school book proposition. You  are aware, sir, that the Trades Council  of this city has oeen pegging away for a  number of- years on this school book  question. The School Board has been  appealed two once or twice asking it to I an insurance policy,  Vienna despatches stat<> that'the entire corps of physicians connected witli  the Lemberg nnd Cracow hospitals  struck on January 12th. They demand  an increase of salary. They were paid  on a scale fixed in the reign of Maria  Theresa, 17110. Their salaries include:  such old-fashioned and obsolete perquisites as ten tallow candles monthly.  *>.  An amalgamation of, furniture manufacturing firms in Ontario, controlling  probably 75 per cent, of the entire trade  of Canada, has just been consummated.  During the last season 110 lives anil  45 vessels wero lost on the great lakes.' ���  A union working card pays better thant  Ki'jffY  ~&m. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  .���PEBB.T.A.R/T 2, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  i  TSBO. BAR-T-USV   Editor  HARKY COWAN Business Manager  Pt-TBI^TSRBD   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  QRGiA_NIS:KD  LABOR  BY  THH 1NDRP13NDENT PR-tNTlNG COM-  PAHY.  AT   312   HOMER   STREET^  VWR.   1).  C.  VANOOU,  SUBSCRIPTIONS  IK  ADVANCE.  A wvek.'G cents!  moil tlm. ,1T> cents;  ono year, $l.a">.  niontli, 15 cents; tliroo  six  months, GG cents  ENDORSED I.Y THE TRA.T.1DS AND  LA'UOR COUNCIL, AND TIIE VAN  COUVER 1-ABOK PARTY.  SATOR'DAY ,  .I'llCltltilJAIl'iY  1901  HOME IVDUS1RY.  The printers, publishers and stntion-  �����tunf this city havo petitioned the city  ���cyuiicil to place a licence of $100 on all  travelsrs and agents soliciting for outside  iirms. It is sincerely hoped that, the  -city father.', will grant'this request. If  they do it will show that they believe  an promoting home industry. It is estimated that Vancouver .loses, at the  very least, not less than $i>0,000 annually. This is a hardship on local linns  '���who must pay takes .and union wages.  The representatives of eastern tirnis solicit the retail trade for printing law  -forms, office stationery and lithograph'  ���work, etc., all of which can be supplied  at reasonable rates in this city. Travelers of paper and paper.bag houses of the  east also canvass the retail grocery trade  for printed bags and, wrapping paper,  twine, sundry stationery, etc., all of  -which can be supplied iu this city. This  jiroposcd license should be a barrier  against the agents of outside firms so-  ���licitingfor blank books, printing, bookbinding, lithographing or Copelnnd  X-lmttcrton and other such systems of  account books. The licence should not  only apply, to meiicoiiiing here, but also  to resident agents sending work abroad  to be executed. Tl_.,s work would cin-  ���ploy steadily about 20 man if done here.  ���The inspector could see that'tlii.so agents  paid their license, a part of whicls.iniglit  be used to pay bis salary. We v���-ye  Iiecn informed that one linn in this ci_;y  .Winds'to Japan for its printing. Houie  industry and nothing else will make  jirogrcssive city.  sion on the Chinese question or ���anything  else. Perhaps they are too "busy, but  nuiy some day lind time. Tins' Inde-  i-k.viiBNT believes that tliv unions of this  city should start a cooperative steam  laundry of their own.  Attention may also be directed, to the  cigar-making industry of Vancouver. Instead of from 125 to 150 men being eni-  ,-ployed in this city at good wages, the  current .rate being about $20 u week,  there are only about 30 at work. There  are four factories all paying taxes, and  ���use the blue label. No women are eni-  -ployod here like they do in the eastern  j-hops,' and no work is carried on in the  Jhonies."���. A boiiJ^5j^ji_cciit.jif_the 'cigars  -smoked here are from outside places and  :ire non-union made and the product of  cheap sweated .labor. The great majority conies from Eastern Canada, some  from Australia, Manilla and.the'.Hinted  {.lutes. Two Chinese cigar factories at  "Victoria find sale of their output in Vancouver, likewise Chinese cigars made  iu San Francisco. Somo men who  .never ��� soked ti.;'decent, cigar until  they .-arrived here will have the  gall to say Unit they prefer an imported Havana made at Montreal, because of the 'flavor. Others will smoke  anything that fashion calls for, that  is, whatever may happen to strike the  fancy of some popular mail around the  clubs and elsewhere. And again the  hotel men and cigar dealers prefer to  push the foreign product because it  pays them belter lo do so, when indirectly it docs not. If workingmen, although as a rule they aro hot heavy cigar  smokers, would al Wiivs_callfor_aLuiiiou-  made domestic cigar, and the dealers  push theni more than they do,.il would  not be very long before a good many  more cigarnuikers will be put'to work.  The managements of the white laundries of this city aro inclined to be on  the cheap mid too much on the grab.  They forget that il was mainly through  the exertions ofthe trade unions that  they are so liberally patronized. We  have been told time and time again that  if it were not for the fear of the labor  unions milking a roar, certain of their  no-called solid patrons would re-employ  John Chiiiiiiiiiiu. A move is already on  foot to establish n steam laundry, owned  and controlled hy Chinese merchants  who are interested In the .cunning business. Two while men will be brought  from Chicago to fit up thu plant anil in-  'iftriict Vancouver Chinese residents iu  the skill of washing clothes by machinery, and it will not be one whit more of  st sin to patronize the proposed new  laundry than it is to send east and elsewhere for things that can be purchased  in Vancouver. Wo have never heard of  the white Jaundrymen of this city helping in the least the Trades Council to  prepare evidence for the royal comniis-  MUOR TOWMIV'S AUDR1SS.  Mayor Townley's address to the Council uu Monday  night  was very concise  nnd to the point.    While we agree wilh  him that umiv cily hall aci'iiiiimoilatiou  is necessary, yet  we do not  agree altogether thai  the public hall should be  made  into  offices  unless another ami  larger one i.s lirst   prucurrcd.    We do  nol think tlint the government will permit tin-new drill  shed to be used  for  political  meetings.   " It   is imperative  thai two new lire hulls and a city jail be  :il   once   constructed."    His   Worship  made another good suggestion, one that  is dear to every intelligent, and  far-seeing person  in Vancouver, ami thai  was  tin.- iicqiiisilion  by the cily of the  Kng-  lish Hay bench.    We agreed with  him  when ho said that, "it is almost criminal  to allow this bench  to pass'put of our  hands."    Vancouver' to-day does; not  possess :i hit of water front, and should  not miss the opportunity when it comes,  to pass a by-law to, purchase the lot.  leading to the popular bathing grounds.  The rearranging of   the duties of the  city engineer is a matter of detail, 'with  which wo are not very familiar.   Some  say thai  the  cily engineer   needs   no  assistance.    Others say that  he does.  He says nothing himself but saws wood.  One thing we know is that the city engineer, guild or bad, has been in the past  too much bossed by incompetent, and  spiteful   aldermen.   The city  engineer  in almost' every  other place  is given  a free baud and should be here.   If he is  ���verworked,   which,   by   the  way, we  loii't think be is, another should be engaged.   And let one look after the waterworks and the other the streets.   Wo  hear no   complaints about   tlie   water  supply,   but   expect  to   hear . kicking  about the shape the streets arc in until  the end of time, or at any rate until the  ward system has been abolished.   The  iireragc layman knows absolutely nothing'about  civil engineering   and why  should lie criticize.   Tne proposition to  iippoint a waterworks superintendent to  help tbe engineer may only be a scheme  to liud positions for some pets. . We hope  not. '''The.'ratepayers should   favor  strongly the acquisition by the city of a  stone quarry and necessary crushers and  scows    The city will for years need rock  for the streets.   A system of city scaven-  ering should certainly be started, for  cleanliness   is akin  to.godliness.   The  street railway system should be extended to Hasting Park and to the cemetery  especially to the latter place, and should  be owned and operated by the city.   A  start on public ownership must, be made  sooner or latter,  for nothing  else will,  ultimately, satisfy the people. AVe know  the reasons advanced against this idea  but tbe carrying out of the principal is a  matter of evolution nnd it takes a long  while to kill prejudices.   The question  of the schools is at all times important,  and  does  not   receive  that  attention  which it should during the election of  mayor and aldermen.   Everyone is required  to pay ti tlircc-dollar poll tax  which    is    collected,   generally in   a  most   sneaking   manner, to   maintain  the schools, aiid why should those paying it be  deprived   voting   for  school  trustees.   If the holders of poll tax receipts will be allowed to vote then itwould  lie a good idea to hold the election on a  different date lroni  that of mayor,and  aldermen.   If not   then   it   would  be  useless to change the time of-election.  Taken all  in all the views of the mayor  on municipal government are refreshing  and shows signs of careful consideration  on his part.  Mrs. WoodrulPs Tuneral.  Tlie funeral of Mrs Woodruff, the beloved wife of I'l. I.. Woodruff, ex-president of the Typographical Union, took  place on Saturday morning from the  parlors of Messrs Center & Hanua.  There was a large attendance. The  pall-bearers were Messrs. S. C. Campbell,  .1. Campbell, .1. l.,"Powcll, T. Parsons.  Tin- funeral services wore ciuiducled by  .1. Herbert Hainton. At the last meeting of the Typographical I. uinii a rcst-ln  lion of condolence upiiii the death of  Mrs. Woodruff was passed.  lh�� Printer*' Agrn-ment.  One of must interesting of recent social  incidents is the agreement entered into  by the'employing printers mid the representatives of the various printing  trades for a term of three years. Arbitration of labor disputes i.s immeasurably better than strikes and lockouts,  but agreement through conference and  discussion is better still, and by tho  latter means the good understanding  above referred to was brought about.  One of the representatives of the employing printers at the conference has,  since the meeting, "expressed the surprise of himself ami his associates at the  intelligence of the representatives of the  other side." Such a remark betrays n  not very creditable lack of knowledge on  the part of those who are responsible for  it. Tlie artisan class aro as intelligent,  man for man, as any other class .in To'  ronto, anil there is no deliberative aS'  senibly in Canada which transacts its  business more systematically orinoro intelligently than the Trades Council  dues. If the eyes of the employing  printers have been really opened, as  naively avowed, so much the better. A  like experience would do other employing classes a world of 'good,���Toronto  Westminster. "  The ��  Opportunity  to make a profitable investment is here for you to  grasp during our 20-day  all over the house Sale.  et it go  Are you going to  by. Not if you're wise.  You're not, for wo make it  pay you to come here.  Kcmombej*'. every piece of  goods and every article except Butterick Patterns,  reduced.  THEBEST^**  ^M*W_______M��b-__MM  Skilled Labor  To Dispense  ...PRESCRIPTIONS...  Everything sold nt rcnsoiiRblo  prices uud guaranteed.  ^EYMOUR,  The U-i-liMlnlo Druggist,  Corner Seymour nml Hustings  Htri'ois, Vancouver.  I  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  . the South Wellington Trouble.  i. The manner in which the negotiations  between the Wellington Colliery company ami the mines of South Wellington  have been conducted is too cold blooded  for description, says the Xanainio Herald. To begin with, the mines were'  L'loscd down "for an .indefinite period."  riien tlie men, having no work, found  an opportunity .to. discuss certain grievances. ?. These were stated to the management, and the men���iiistead of being  met reasonably ivere informed of new  conditions which would go into operation forthwith. JCaturally, the men declined thej_tnr'yation prices offered, and  without another, word of discussion, it  wus announced that the mines would  remain closed. In the ..meantime coal is  selling at a prfce, which is almost prohibitive to poor people. Coal is wanted  and.the South Wellington men want: to  dig the coal. Between the two stands  the company in the traditional attitude  of the dog in the manger.  A. ML TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND IIKTA1I. DEALEI1 IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  ^ M. BEATTIE,  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.  Olllce and Sales Room, 107 Cordova  Street, Vancouver, 11. C.  'I'lioue m.  ��Jf- Farm Stock nnd Land u specialty  The rate for classified advertisements is-  one cent a word, but no ad. will be Inserted for less than SB cents.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vlco-  Iirosldc-iit, John Crow: secretary, J. C.  Marshall, 1'. O. llox 153; Ilnancial secretary, AV. J, Beer; treasurer, J. Pearey;  statistician, G. White; sergeant-nt-iirms, .  C. J. Salter. 1'urllmncntiiry committee���  Chairman, John l'eatyy; secretary, J.  Morton. Mooting���First anil llilril Friday  In each niontli, at 7.30 p. ni., in Union  Hall, cor.  Dunsmulr nml Homer Btreets.  VANCOU'*". TYTOGKAPlilCAIi UNIONS,  No Si meet llie last Sunday lu each  month iu Union hull, President. C. gt  Ciiiiil>bi\|l; vlc-e-iiresldeiil. 11. Hackle:  secretary, S. J. Ootliiird, P. O. box DO;.  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-iit.nrms,  Andruw Stuart: executive committee, li.  L. Wooilrulf, ltoln, Todd, J. II, ltrownc,  N. Williams; delegates to Trades uud  Labor council, J. C. '.Marshall, Robt. Todd,  W. ��.  Hughes.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  NOTICE.  We are again offering o- Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the conning examination with the highest marks in Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Princlpolt  of the Schools or the undersigned.  Tlio 1I.B.A. Vogcl Commercial College  P.  O.   Box 347.  Vancouver, B.  C  A recent cough or cold that "BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  .worth curing.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second anil, fourth Saturday of  each niontli, In Sutherland Hall, corner ���  Westminster avenue and Hastings Btrcet  at S p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G:  Perry; treasurer, II. Viindorwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sen thiol, F. kC. O'Brien: delegates to ���  Trades and Lajbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Goo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie anil  J.  Howes.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  . and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, John Scott;,vlcc-<|iros'dcnt, Frank  Black;   corresponding secretary,   Robert*  Trotter;  financial secretary,   Jus.    Jot--  fry. Meets every Monday evening dn Un- ���  Ion hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF OAR"  PENTEiRS and' Joiners���Meets every second and fourLh Thursday ,|i\ Union Hull,,  room No. 3. President, Wm. F. MoKen-  zle, 4S7 Ninth avenue; viee-prosldont,.  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. E.  Cofliii, 730 Nelson street; ilnancial-secretary, H. S. Falconer; treasurer, George  Walker; conductor, Jos. Ferguson; warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  council, Jos. Dixon, "Robe Macpherson,  H. Wilson.'  Cigar and Tobacco Store.  46 CORDOYA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  The new amendments to tlie Dominion criminal code are so strict and  closely binding that it is believed that  lottery jironioters, will at last hnve" to  close down their business.  . Isn't it about time the shoemakers and  repairers formed a union. Chinamen  are now working at this trade in the  city and if'something .isn't soon done  white men won't lie in it.  THE ORPHANS'HOME INVESTIGATION.  The new city council has made its first  had break.  The Trades and l.nlior Council asked  that affairs in connection willi the con-  <liictof=the-Alcxaiii!ra=hos]iitaHie=iiives-  tij-atcd.  Thin request was not prompted by prejudice or preconceived ideas on tlio matter. It was the result of repeated complaints. At the beginning a large proportion of the delegates were disposed  to defend the home, but the farcical investigation recently held has created a  suspicion anil until an impartial committee goes into the whole affair thoroughly it is not likely tiiiit llie Trades and  Labor Council will let the mutter drop.  The members of thu cily council know,  or should know, Unit a large number of  the citizens nre suspicious that things  have not been conducted as they should  no. If llii'Hc suspicions are erroneous  then the public should know it.  The city council diu not settle the  matter when they shelved the Trades  and Labor Council's communication.  Wu would suggest that a committee  composed of a member of the city council, a member of the Board of Trade und  the president of the Trades and Labor  Council lie api>ointcd a committee of  enquiry.  Kent & Tinims are the proprietors of  tlie Imperial Uakery, 50 Cordova street.  Drop'in and get a good cup of fresh coffee or tea like your mother made. All  kinds of pastry and tlie very best bread  The prices are right.  tec good work being done, which is tlie  prime object. There was nothing said  in the petition against sweated labor,  'which seems to be the leading fashion  in the tailoring industry in the city.  The petition was signed by Messrs. S.  McPherson, Mortimore Bros., J. G.  Campbell, ,T. W. Brooke, A. R. McCall-  uni, J. Doherty, Morrison iStCo.,K. Hud-  nian, M. D. McDougall, Jr. Robinson.  The last name iviis put to the petition  without MrUobinson's consent or knowledge, and may therefore he considered a  forgery.  Hotels.  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINOL*ET  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third'  Sunday ln each month at 3 p. ni. In Un-r  Ion hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  street. Hobt. Barclay, president; H. E.  Kowe, secretary; box 757, New Westmln--  ster. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF,'  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge, No. 1S2���  Meets eecond and tourtJv Wednesday In.  each month in. Union Hall. President,;  Wm. .Boer; corresponding secretary, ^E.  Tlrr.mins, 720 Hamilton street; iinaiioial')  secretary, J.. H. McVety, 1211 Seymour?  street. ,_'  JOUR'ENYMDN TAILORS' UNION OF*  AjMERIOA, No. lTS-Alects' alternate.-  Mondays in'room 1, Union .Hull. Pi-etd-  dent, F. Williams; rtc^-prcsldcnt. Miss,  Graham; recording ..secretary, H. O. Bur--  ritt; Slnunclal' secretary,' Tremiilne Best;  treasurer, C. E. .'Neilson;, .sergeant-at���  arms, J. .Daoust....  VICTORIA lERADBS AND LAiBOB.  Council meets every alternate Wednesday at 8 p. m. in Sir William Wallace-  hall. President, w.:_M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Ta,gg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. McNlven, P. O. 'box 302, Victoriar-  recordlng and financial secretary, A. Sj  Emery;'Treasurer, A. Hay; sorgeant-  at-arms, T. Masters.  The"  IS  IVe would direct attention to the ad  vertisenient of the J. D. King Co., Toronto. This make of boots and shoes  is thoroughly union and . Canadian at  that. The styles are up-to-date and the  prices are right. When purchasing call  for the J. I). King Co.'s union-made  slices.  It is rumored that A. K. Beck, K. C  is a possible nppiiintee to the position of  "county courrjiitlgo. This wouldlie most"  acceplible to Vnncoiiveritcs generally.  On different occasions oilieers of the  Trades and Labor council have felt  themselves under great obligation's to  that gentleman for information on various mutters, and we feel sure that they  wish him every success. Mr. Beck is  a pioneer of this city, and Vancouver is  entitled to a resident judge.  ;     THE 'ITOiNIERAlL OF MIR. KAY.   ,  A large number of friends find acquaintances attended the funeral of  the 'late Andrew G. Hay, -which took  place from ���his mother's residence, View-  street, Victoria, on 'Saturday afternoon.  Impressive services -were conducted by  Rev. Mr. iPraser, o�� iKnox IPresbyterian  Chure:_i, and R'ev; Or. Campbell. The  local Trades and (Labor council and the  Sir iWilllum Wallace society were  largely represented. T.he stonecutters  all turned out in a body. Mr. Hay was  associated -with the Trades council  since 1892. His many excellent qualities, his cheery disposition and' unswerving loyalty to the -most commendable principles, won him the high  esteem of a legion of friends, and the  great respect of all -with -whom he  came ln contact. The sympathy of all  goes out to the aged mother In her bereavement. The following were" pall-  bearorei_ Messrs.__W.___.Mcuvay.__ Alex.,  Stewart,  J. ,  A.  Mcintosh,  W,  ��� D.  Kill'  tiah-d, ,W  . C,  , Wilson  and  G.  F.  ���Wat-  son.     '  Seymour Streeet,  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters lor the engineering trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST-���^>>  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  ROBT.HLNTLY,   ....   -   PR0PE  THI3    VANCOUVER    LABOR    PAP.TX*  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each month ,in Union Hall.   President,   Geo.   Bartley;    first  vice-president,*?  Geo. Wilby; second vice-president. T. H.  ,  Cross;.recording secretary. L. D. Taylor;..?  ilnancial secretary,, John Pearey; statistician, H. Wiilliamson. ".���������'.-.?��� .  CIGARMAKERS' 'UNION,, NO 357.���  Meets the first Tuesday in each month,  ln Union hall. President, P. R. Revero;  vice-president, P. Waxs'tock; secretary,  G. Thomas, jr., 148 Cordova street west;,  treasurer, S. W. Johnson; sergeant-alarms, C. Parsons; delegates to Trades andi  Labor Council, J. Crow, C.C. Copelnnd;.  D. Morrlssy.  VANCOUVER TUISKBHIMBN'S : UNION.  No. 2. Meets in Lalior Ifnll, Homer-  street, every first and third Saturday in-  eaoh month at S p. to. Alex. Bruce, president; Mr. Cadoy, secretary.  P. O. Box 297.       BROTHERHOOD OF PAINTERS AND-  -DECORATORS, Local Union No. 13S.���  Meetings firs and third Tuesdays In Labor Hall. Perceptor, H. Judson: president,.  W.,Davis; vice-president, 13. Tipper; recording secretary, E. TomkJns, 520 Ponder-  street; financial secretary, B. Cross. 3002:  Quebec street; conductor, A. J. Sloan;,  warden, C. H. Finder; trustees, C. Sor--  dlt, W. Stoney, W. Baker.   JOURNEYMEN BAKERS' INTERNATIONAL union of Vancouver, meets first  and third'Saturdays of the month in Union hall,., Homer street. President, W.  Webster; vice-president, H. Hollands; fin.  sec, C. J. Salter, 413 Powell street; cor.  sec. A. Coombs. Address soc. F. Barnes.  Delegates to the Trades and Labor council, C. J. Salter and II. Walker.  , HAKES A Sr_lCIAI.TY OF . ..  JllSJ_Kjoijj(iueur,jlsfl^i  Iii connection with the circular letter  recently issued hy the secretary of the  Trades ami l.iilior Council ru charters,  1-omiHCH, etc., thu miners' unions iu  Siocan City, Handon, Kaslo, Kosshind,  Nelson, "l'niir, Phoenix, Alexandria  mines, Nanaimo, etc., and trades and  lalior councils iu Kosshind, Nanaimo,  Victoria, etc., are taking the matter up  in earnest, l'ctitioiis are heing prepared  by the Parliamentary committee of tne  local council and they will be scattered  broadcast throughout the province.  Did you get a new subscriber for  The Independent ttala week. If not,  whr not?  Against tbe Union Label.  A petition was presented to the city  council lust Monday night against the  use of the tailors Union label on civic  clothing. The chief point raised was  that tho use ofthe label did not guarau-  PaUTlOASU ACTION.  Shall tho union clgarmakerw of the  United States declare for partisan political action?  Thin Is.suo ia causing concern to the  35,000 members of the Cigarmakers'International union 'who mv Tu-eparins  for their annual election, which', takes  place "Feb, 9 next.  iWhlle there "ire ��evc-rul Issues on  which the candidates are basins their  hopes, the only one that has become In  any way prominent In that of declaring for .political action. Threo candidates for prcwldent are running on this  Issue, and by a unique plan of working they expect to bring about the defeat of the present Incumbent of the  olllce, George XV. Penklns.  'President Perkins :has come out emphatically, against political action.  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AERflH NO. 6,  P. O. E��� meets every Wednesday night,  end second Wednesday only of the months  of July, Aiieuat and September. Visiting.  menVben welcome. H. W. lUndley, VT. P., I  T>mvin_%A   skfltitt*   A     A       H-\Hh      IXT ' . a    '  usfier's Black LflDei Liqueur Wfiisky  -LAKOE STOCK OF-  IMl'ORTED AND DOMESTIC  . Ciqars.  R. B. Mulligan & Co., Props.  Cokniii! CoitDovA and Oakham,,  SHIPCARPBNTJBRS AND CALK15RS  Association meets tlie first and third  Thursday in each mouth In Union hall.  Clifford'Angus,'president; George Smith;  vice-president; Wm. McCormack, vice--  president; J. CJ. Garvin, secretary; Fred...  McAlplne, treasurer; Levi Wlicatcn, sor-  Boant-at-arma.  -THERE-IS-  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  Hunt & Foster/Hastings street.  A.* Murray, "Westminater avenue.  'Morgan, The Tailor, Granville street.  Dan iStowart, Cordova street.  Clulib & Stewart, Cordova street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  MoRae & -McDonald, Hastings street,  eaat.  J. B. Shieerlng, Cambie street.  E. 'Farron. 'Hastings atreet.  A. Clement, Hastings street.  J. CarreUi, Cordova street.  Blmon & Co., Cordova street.  Province offla*;  Werld oOle*.  8.   R.    Robb,    *W.  Why do you eo��-gh wfeen -'BIG4  8 ���' C0U6H CURE " w�� am yw.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used- Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings.  Streets. dfjX%-^^;  -���--'"���' 'ifi^wiir-j���  S-VT-URCDAT  TTEBRITAIOr 2, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  ���A  WHAT DOES THE  LABORING MAN WANT  Rev. E. H. H. Holman, of Stuart, Iowa, Delivers an Interesting and Instructive Address  Before an Appreciative Audience January J 7.  (CONTISUKD   1'llOM   1-ANT  Wl'KK.)  Coupled  -with ifHis  aliciuitiloil  of Jie I l"*irnt. 'there -wan huml i>i\-dln*tilon���In  ���workera from the soli, we nee an equal  pejicmiUtm of tlhe toller from t'he tools  Jta tho early days the pioneer not only  amd if roe iK.st.vs__ to 'the land, Ibut he  nlao owned the tools. They were simple; nude and home anude, 1>ut they  ���wiwiiib aias own.  To-tlay the lalborer neitliDi- owns ithe  tooU wiit/h ivJilali 'ho (works nor the land  ���n wfluleli he works. Then 'the tool was  u flltnjile hand a'lTa'ir, and the laborer's  own rlgliit ami sumilWd tlie motive  power. To-duy the tool Is tt hundred  Jiorse-iiower engine, wltih: a. mile ot  Chaining and a. thousand different ma-  chines oonnedteU' wit** Jt. Than the  nan 'with aiplok dug out uclay 'bank by  litwid. .To-day ithe saiine bank and: the  same man remain, but the tool is a  ���etoaim shovel which cuts out a carload  nf solid clay and loads It ,ln a ifew min-  WtcB. The picik lias urown Into the  steam (.hovel, l>ut both are tools. The  pioneer with, a ilall, 'threshing -wheat,  had a tool���a very .simple one It is true.  JUL consisted ot 'two sticks tletl' losely  together, end to end, 'by a Ibuclk-sikin  thong, and with.' that tool, which was  -'= tils'own, he could thresh out ,the wheat,  aiul a iMcCormlck thresher 'with twenty  mcit and teams and a- traction, engine  is nol'li'mg else taut a tool. The original  method 'of 'transportation was a pack  on the back, nnd (tlhe stage coach. To-  ���flay the mighty railroad' system, with  8,000 miles of roadway, with depots and  Mrmi-nalg, with a 'thiousand trains  -moving ceasetessly to and if.ro, 3s literacy a. tool, laid down across the eon-  llnenit, by the (use of which, the produce of the countries aind 'tlhe produce  ���of the factories are IntorohangcJ'. ilut  ijihe railroad 'man does not own the tool  which) he uses.  Xt has been this progress i^'Mcdi has developed Wie modern city. The anolen:  city was a military and a- religious centre; tiie nnodern iciiity is oin indufltnlal  centre; which means tlvait 'the tools  ���with which men work sure collected iin  sonic given place, aind imen are oom-  jiolleil ito live, there to gelt a chance to  ��wo<r!k 'with the tools. (A. city is not a  ���collection of houses, so mudh as a collection olf, factories. One factory located tilings in anotituer. IRIailllroaldB seek  'these factorial Ito carry raw maitorial  ito their doors and the finished pixxluc:  lo the consumer.  The old Greek 'legend tells of Or-  ^iheus, who played mjo divinfly upon  the lyire that even ithe .rooks and trees'  wore entranced anJd followed after Ihiim  THE MODERIN' OK1HHKUS  is the prosaic factory whistle, and a,  stream of humanity Ucnoaklnig tut the  city's gates. Tihe dovx-kJtpmerat of ��� tihe  city Is the chief facts of the last een-  ttury. The country is Ifast losing its  jaiesjondcii'-i'iilco of i>oj.ulat)_on. iFlaotory  production has crowded' the (tools of  modern industry ln ceiitaln centres,  -ta-'provt-tf agrtoultural implements per-  unit one man to-day to do the 'Work oC  five ten yeans ago. The other .four has-  len, to the city. The industrial retvolu-  fcion lias .nioi-e completely changed itihe  ���ouatoms of society 'than did tlie wails  ��rt JMajpoleon or tlhe French dtevolutlon.  Hloaie litoelt has doubled ln population within 'the last 30 yeairs.  TUb Game industrial evolution tihoit  anus so poien'tly affected America has  equally uifeoted DurOpe: Boston in  -_l_7f) iluuJ y+2,000 'InhaJbltants; Hatrriburg  048,000.   In IS'JO IBoston had 448,000, and:   *Hiimi1_ii_-g_h3id_.WJ,_!(50 _Wal'tilimo_ie_in 1SS0.  Siud 3K!,:il:i; Hamming in 1S80 had 410,-  3X1. In ten years 'Ilaltlmore added 102,-  ���00, wtillo 'Hamburg added 109,000. In  the same decade New York added 565,-  000, and merlin Jid'ded 678,000, which  ���uaa us many iiew Inhaibl'taniU ns Chicago gained In the same titine. Why Is  It that humanity has ifclt a BUddun lin-  IMilse to ��hake on* the dust of the farm  aiwl imove Into tlhei-ctty? Why Hhould  tWe mlgn'alUon cl'tjWMfd nfTecit lAimcpica  ���nil' TKiii'iMi'i nlmait_<in(X>U-.ly? 'Why  . fdtould thu imt-vseH Ibm crowtled to-  Bethe<- Into cohikwUx! ��U��tri��U�� of the  city, In J-Xirojic and lAanorlou, und these  ^nK)ve4iieiiit�� bo coi.tem|ior.ineoua? Why  should -there arlsci a ldt__t(nct land' nnd  tjool-owmlng cla'is iln every country'?  Wily Bhniild hard times be world-wiliie  mind not -provincial, and why should  prosperity roil urn at the same hour in  Australia and Germany? No man can  answer. these queatilons ��� unlesfl hie re-  meni-bers 'thait we are Tiivlng In an. age  ot steam, an'd that men no longer work  with their hands, >but with ithe mounter 'tools of 'factory amd for\ge.   Ia the  BVOLiUTION OP IMDUSTRRT  nre have reached ittoel tmiBt ogpe.   Pro-  AWUon hns passed through/.three epics,  those good old llimis ot .the guilds and  iliuiseatlo ly-'ifo-ue; IJlien factory ]>i\)-  ductlon, lit wlilch each factory was  owntlJ 'by anlndiiWduul, or a comjKiny,  and operated independently;' I'hlrd, itlve  tirwtit uge, which Is still In Its formative  period, and In which a single oonpora-  Moti or syndicate ivll'l own and operaite  all tha factories in itihe pivxluotlon of  anvy given article.  In It'his i-esiicct. Senator HJcvenldgs  was oorneot in deilmliig a trust as an  aKemip'l to ui.'���ry and slmjillfy production. The result of itlhls economic development Is that we have a distinct  claeri of land and tool-owning ciipital  Ists, 'Who thiroug*!! the absolute dependence of society 'ujicii 'the la rid o-nd tht.  tools are ifast aca'ulrlng a measure of  power not enuallt'U by any similar class  of peop'le in. the world before, so that  Professor Small, af /the ''UniveinsRy of  Chicago, sal's: "The march of social  progress Is igeMing reduced to marking  time In the look-step of the capitalist's  ohaln-gang," amd surely Riodkefeller'e  hired man ought to know: aihe position of the 'laborer was bad enough  wthen lie was foi-ced to soelk employment of meni who owned the tools with  whiichi ho iworitdd, and irenlteil a home  .from other men who owned the land  on which ho lived; but so long as capital iwas dlmiUed, and ithe class of  capitalists <wene coniflWting with each  other ihe had a ireasonalblyi .fair chance.  If he was discharged -tvom one factory,  he coulct aipply at itilie mival factory  across the sti-eot. if one railroad dismissed Mm, he was sure pf finding  ���work" of some other system.* "While  panics came and while employment was precarious, yet labor  sougitit employment among a lamge  class of interests wQnich 25 yeans ago  were supposed to "be inatonally antaig-  onists. But note ithe change. Tliese  rival lirttereBts haive seen the Xolly of  stntte, anld CApiuU tos, Ibegun. to combine, so that /the laiborer finds ttiumself  a anere atom in the industrial world,  .wiiilc capital te an organized stonewall. The only tolr 'field left for, competition Is /the labor markeit. The only  class of people 'who compete Is the  lalboi-Lnig class.  OAPITAHj OB  OKGA'NUZFJD.  Ualbor is dilsorgainiized.    The result is  that capital can iwdn la nearly every  case.     .For purely economic Interests  capdtal is combining.    It is uititer nonsense ito moiritalni rival  factories,- to  supa>ont rival oitlce6,,ito pay rival (managers, and to keep 1n employment two  armies oC <ilerks and woittalngmen, when  through the simple process of "a gentlemen's lasirecmemt"���tin aiatiual   trust  or an  crganic  union���itluls lange clement of wadte can, 'be ellni/Lnoited.    We  mighit iust ns well abandon tho ra.1l-  roald and steam sho veil and go back to  the stage coach, amd  the ,piok,  as to  abandon   tho 'trust,   and' igo 'back   to  compell'IllDve production.    Tlhe 'thing of  vital importance 'to 'the laborer is 'that  to-day he finds capital iwell organised,  and himself  denied   the benefitsafin-  dnstrial c-ooperatlon.   On the one hand  trial oo-opeuution.    On the one hand  ho flrtds capital indusbrloualy co-operating In order to reduce the actual coat  of production and on the other to keep  up   the prices of .'the finished  goods.  Tlie prl/valte monopoly   ds   oimpbidex-  trous���(hits him with1 'bath ihands.    He  Is obliged  to seek 'its   favor for employment and to purchase (Its products  in-tlKTon'drond ln~seoking'-work he~is"  Jostled iby  the throng of his Ifellows.  Hems iln n/lie labor mankdt yom llnd the  law of strife in oil at its simplicity.  Hero the _niw of itihe survival of the  llttcut 'worka out tits 'Inhuman enUs re-  lcintltsjsly.   Here ithe atronges. t go lis the  Job and the weakling Is (pushed to the  wall,   in   itho   overarowded;   resl'leias,  aniclo-ja <mu.IitiltudC8 of the lundmploycd.  This   crtinpetl/tilor.   is   irenklered'   more  Ilercudi rough it/he advent   ot   hibor-  savinjf machinery.    One man witli  -AiUTOMlA/lUC IM'A)OH!llN'iaH)Y  wiu uo tllie woiik of edveral with more  jM-iinltlVo !Wols,  and  every   inair dts-  ]i/-uco��J  by a more perfect tool  must  enter Into   the army of tollers   who  Btirive for 'the chance (to work iwtthi *)hat  tool; so that the laboring man with  a Job illnds  hlmselif  liable 'to be din-  placed iby some new itool   to-morrow.  There 'Is nothing more heaWJaas than  the (machine.     Sometimes  *t  catohes  its nuaster luniaiwarefl.aind' iteara hdm to  pieces like some frenzied slave struggling for liberty.    Always ithe machine  moves    relenitlesslyi   on.     Aj machine  nenrer fltrikee. It nevcm iq.i__,to, it wants  no INhour day.  , St beans no orphan's  csty, it sees mo toMow's teutB.   It holds  no ip/itylng heart (for 'the outcast and*  the ��ad.    With relentless ease the new  machlnu will  talke 'up   thie  work    of  ssvera.1 men, and ifeel no pangs of con-  be'enco .for itheii* dilatiressed condition.  OC all the companions for ithe modern  uarjKMUitlon,    tliiis    soulless,   bloodless,  h'Cui-L'hfd maohlne  Is itihe  most nearly  a'kln to lllrat "limls'ible, iiumopuU, soulless thing, created iby public law," and  called u. cnrjioiMtiloii.     The ipaidcu'lar  (illiiig Uo be iiolt.i.1 Is tha't lh��- lllM-Jil'llc-  tion of .mucl-lnory 'makes tho competl-  llon of tlie lulbor manktit all the mioie  soveiv.     He-hold its rmulto.    WUien iu  lAinJon the docky.n-d managers dismiss  lhelr weary mien mud hire fresh men  .ut noon so as lo get the advantage ot  tine .fresh  men's strength.    See  what  coiupc/til'i.on lu .the labor market pro-  uiuccd.  In the sweat srhojis ot New Yoiik  ���Mhere amid "t'he  pitiful  eond'.-loiw  of  ujsement or garret, poor women-   and  gaunt men (toll toy and  night ifor a  .nere jiittance.     Look at competition  in 'the Ijbor market, where In Clulcago  .icjiarilmental stoi-es are vlnuual houses  .is    suiiii'inons    behold    the    constant  of assignation, and the girls receive so  .neagre a salary that iProstltii-ion is the  joinnion pralctloo iln some of those hel-  .���olli inercainuile establishments.  I\\V1!_VT DOiES  01HIS IMB-VN?  LVow, I am not paliutlug a fancy plc-  tU'!\>.   'if you were upon a jury of 12  nic-n,   Just and true,   ankl   before  you  Mas brought a 'young man accused of  murder.   Thait  Is a iserious place  for  any man���(to pass upon the Innocence  or guilt of a man on trial for his life.  The   young   man   itaikes   the   witness  stand.   He tells his story.   He admits  Ms guilt.   He relates the way the tragedy llook /place, and then declares his  motive. He itells -how his sister, a beau-  tlfiu'l girl; Just past twenty, had been  attnalcted 'to a. brilliant young   man.  This young man ihad sought hor presence; had paid her attention; had made  Ms courtship and'ent; and at .last had  secured her sacred promise of  marriage, and 'then, unkler this holy covenant, had proven himself a scoundrel,  and' 'had brought about hor dow.n'fall  and disgrace.   What man of you���I ask  'it���would hang a man, for thus avenging the betrayal of his own sister? Bui  this serious overcrowding of the labor  market produces this same result, not  in isolated instances nor iin great cities  alone, but hundreds are the victims of  man's  inhumanity    to   man.  Jn  1S30,  when iLuifayette visited Boston, he exclaimed, '"Where are your poor?" and  viewing t'he assembled' audience of rioti  and poor, he said'i   "You have no poor  in   America; the   poor are   all in. Europe.''   Should fLrafayatte return to-day  he would And the most congested spot  Qf the world In (New York -City, while  Boston,    (Pennsylvania,    Chicago    and  'Frisco each could present districts not  far removed from the east end of London, of 'which   Huxley   said:   "in. all  my experience of all (kinds of savagery  all over the   world, I found ��� nothing  worse, nothing so intolerably dull and  miserable as'the life I left behind me  ���in the east end  of London."   And of  'wihlch General (Booth e_cclalmed, "Talk  about  'DANTIB'S HELL,  and (the lluorrors and cruelties of the  torture chamber of 'the lost; the man  ���who walks with open eyes' and bleeding  heart through the shambles of our civilization neteds no -fantastic images of  ���tlhe poet to teach Huli'm horror." A word  as to remedies and11 am done. In this  I disclaim the role of prophecy. No  man can look ifoi-ward and1 tell what  society will do. Tlhe river of humanity has had many a sharp turn in aiges  past and gone, which could not be.  foretold.   It may be so  again.  Out spealking f,rom the standpoint of  "what ought to Ibe," tt would 3eem that  the ilnst great reform needed is to rescue the land from private ownership.  In the private ownership of land, all  the monopoly of tools and special privileges ilnd' 'their chief strenguh.     The  land 'question In tlie equator of labor.  The land question is the paramount Issue, in all tihe discussion, of reform.  The immense fortunes of to-day represent' JaTgely the private monopoly of  lamd. The Psalmist said: "The earth  Is the lLord's and the fulness thereof."  Why? (Because he mnlde it, These  modern monopoltets avlthi paper titles to  the ���esirlli raise their ipresumptiivo heads  and ejcolalm: ���"The riches of the soil,  tine'wealth of the 'mines, the forewt.s of  the north nre ours," Why? Because  ���In tho process ot eveinta iwo have secured a legal title to the, land which  God gave to tihe race of mien. In (Maori  a dispute occurred over a atrip ot land  anil ono ot the contestants was asked  on what ground'hi> claimed the title of  tlio hind as o^Talnst1 'the either native.  With barbarian simplicity he exclaimed, "J ate his (father." If one man can  absolutely control ithe land on which  another 'man must live, he has thereby  reduced that man to bondiage. The  owmerrihip ot all the earth by 25 per  cent, of ithe people who live thereon,  would equaJIy nvean the virtual enslavement of 'the 76 per cent. There Is  no argument for the private ownership  of land that does not e<nially apply to I  the private ownwrsihip of water, to the  monopoly of sunlight or to a tax on air.  .Men te*U us 'we must trust competition  to solve al'l problems. Very well, then,  but if wo must haive cotnipotlulon, le;  'Jt be a fair lleJd and no ifavorles. in  the rai'e (for supremacy Jet every man  iteop rto the scratch, lt ��e must have  a light .for supremacy 'let It 'be a fair  i.yU. ,  LMlODlCUtN SOCMJT.V  is like a inudvrii army, lighting the iui-  llvirt of Atfntc.i. One unay have Lee  '.ilo'iforUs und Maxims, and the- oilier  ���u'/ny has 'bows and un-owd. 'It Is e-asy  ..o tell which au-jiiy will win. So In the  uu'ltlu of illfe, the claaseu armed with  a special piilvllefe'e, land monopoly, can  easily win eiupremaicy from the masses,  ���>lio��e only Weapons are endurance-,  otie-nwth and ifaiih. Certainly as Tols-  .ol says, Je-l us iliivyt get olf the peer  iiun's back. There can lae no broiher-  nood ot' 'man until tlic-rc- is Justice <be-  iweera man. Society cannot progress  uy exciianglng the domil nation of the-  i must ioi- tne tya-aiuiy of the psople.  -.'lie-re can be no real co-operation  -niO'iig.nien until the'individual be tree,  society is like an ocean vessel on a  .-oyage, llhei-e is food enough in the  ounikers, but a >Kiw ihave 'gained pos-  i-.Oislon of the keys and the arms, ami  .vedp 'tlie -lisuiy from ithcur rightful sus-  .ena-nice. '__o when God created man, he  ��:oi-ed the earth iwl&h plenty. Wealth  .s aluiindant. Tharo Is en'ough and to  spare. But a Sew, by shrewd and unfeeling tactta, haive gained (possession  ot this divine bounty, and in the form  of Interest and rent are extorting tribute from the many for the privilege of  living on  th�� land.  This is the itast step In any. step of  social reform,  IBuit 'this granted, I 'believe that the  Instilnot of fraternity would caiuse men  .to continue' perfect machine production. The same argument tor co-operative control of those natural monopolies, suiclu as ligHutii'ng, transportation  and communication, would' apply to the  common oiperation of tlie coal Ilelds and  the lumber interests. It we had an  honest Jankl tenure, imen would not  starve, because with primitive tools the  individual e._-uld maintain himself. But  the Inventive genius of to-day is not  In vain, atid 'Under       -  CO-O0?lE(RATIVE CONOIR'OL  tihe (thousands of unused patents could  be utilized for perfecting the processes  of Industry. 'However tihis may Ibe, the  prclblem iof the twentieth century will  be the axndMem at distribution. . The  age of political equality will merge into  the <Taiy of Industrial equality. The  love of country .wil enlarge Into the  love of race. The provincialism of tribe  will be lost in .the cosmopolitanism of  hiumainiity, and lUhe day -will dawn when  the Kingdom of Heaiveni mill mule  among the' children of men.  Or ireventiing, in conclusion, to the  question,  'HvlH'AT nOIDS ITIHE ClAIBOIRfflNG' IMIA!N  WANT?"  -how shall we answer it?  IFlrst he waovts /to be ifree, so he can  Jive his own lite without dictation from  any other man. Second, he wants access to naijure, so.thaitihiisowntoil shall  proidiuioe 'wealth, which, he can use to  support; himself amd his laved ones.  Third, he wants justice, man to man,  in all eant'hly irolations. '-Fourth, he  wants every iohil<I educated so .that  ihe prevailing ignorance shall be banished aind the common people be given  the benefits of higher education. "EUfith,  he wants the introduction of lalbor saving machinery to result ln the mutual  benefit Of the whole community, reducing hours of lalbor for the toller  and ithe prices of goods to the consumer. Sixth, he 'Wants all political  rower placed' absolutely in ithe hands  of (the people, which Is the first great  reform needed, and wihlch would be  gained by Uhe initiative and referendum.     Seventh, he wants  absolutely  The Favorite Smoke  Union men smoke the Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e**--  Turoer, Beeton ��* Co.  Wliolonulo AuuntH  VANCOUV1CU, VICTORIA. NELSON, B. C,  A  P. 0. BOX 29G.  'PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan & co.  Wholesale Grocers and Provision Merchants.  Royal Seal, Lord Nelson,   union  Enchantress Cigars. MADE  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vancouver, B. C.  lillHIIilllllllllllllllllllllMWIIIIIIHIIIIillllllllllllllllllllllllllilllllllBIIHIIIIIIIIIII  UNION OMAR "eiACTOJ:tiIES.  DPoiJowinig Is o,.lfet of the Union cigar -factories in British OoluailUia wttio  use .the 'blue label.,  W. Tletjen, No. 1���DivisIiMi No. 38,  "Vanleouver.  Kuritz & Co. No. 2���-Dividlon No. 88,  "Vainoouver.  llnDana Cigar Manufa'oturingi Oom-  pany, No. 3���DttvUBlon No. 38, Klamlooips.  IB. WlUberg & Co., No. i���_DGvi-_ion No.  38, NCw Westmln-yter.  T. "WtoxBtHoiak, !Nio. 6���Dh-ision No, 38,  Vancouver.  KeHom-nai Shlpipens' Union Company,  No. 8���Division No. 38, Keliowna.  .rwirllgtht Bros, No. 9���Division No. 38,  KoEsland. - -  Kootenay aigiair M!anuiflaotU-lcg Oom-  Flany, No. 10���Division No. 38, Neison.  Iletrls & Johnson, No. 2���Division No.  37, Vlotoria.  'M. Bantlloy, No. B-!DIv1s"on No. 37,  Victoria.  lafand Oigar __*aicit;ory,- S. Norman, No.  6���Mvttslon NO. 37, Victoria.  -Prov-ilnoe Olgar Co., No. 7���Division  No. 37,' Victorta.  A.. Stehmoitor & Sons, No. 8���Division  No. 37, Vtotorta,    ''    *  "CP. GabOe, No. 0���'Division No. 37, Na-  nallmo.  J. Xiery, NV). H���DivOslon No. 37, Victoria.  UI. J. Booth, No. M���J>Ivtelon No. 37,  Nanaimo.  (C. G. Befhnsen���Division No. 37, Victoria.  KEBP AfTv'A'Y! I  -Painters and decorators are request-  ed to Keep away from the following localities: lluncie, Ind., trouble with the  bosses; Kankakee, 111., trouble with J.  XV. Mortell's shop; 'Nashville, Tenn.,  strike still on; Buffalo, 'X. Y., strike oa  at Pan-American .Exposition.  The Retail Clerks' Association will  meet in O'Brien's hall, comer Hastings  and Homer strcers on Tuesday. A full  attendance is desired.  ���The street .railway men of (WilKes-  barre, Pa., have procured a nine-hour,  work day at $1.G3, and IS 1-3 cents an'  hour over time. jjj  The best Cough Cure is <<BIG 4"  have you tried it ?  w m iui.  lir  free tirade between all nations, so that  each country could produce the wealth  most easily produced therein, and exchange it wl'lli other countries to 'their  common advantage. Blghit/h, he wants  the government to own all ithe trans-  pontatlon faculties of city and stwte,  aiid devolop them' for the sake  of publlo use iln-jtead' of private  protllt. iNinith, ho iwuntis a (universal  ouffrage, and, tenth, during 'the time  In'torvenilng between 'the preBent and  this brlglut future, "itihe laboring man  Inttlma upon tihe right 'to organise for  'mutuiU protcotlon, and- thus meet the  conccittintutiion of ciuillii'l with tlie con-  cenliratlon of wealth.  Mr, lllolman resumed ,h1s seat amid  oivilm_;l:iHtlc aptplause. '  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following Is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon Ton barber shop, Hastings  street..  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvie & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordlva street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  street.  Boulder Barter Shop, Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The Whittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  cast.  O. BBoauittcheon, toaniber shop, Pender  street.  Army and Navy (Oscar Heylandit)���  G'lianville street, nnder Trorey's.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  'atlon therefore leading to the using;''  .'j bogus labels.wlll be used in.praeer-  iting   the offending  Igarmakers' union.  parties by  the  /Waiters and Waitresses   and 'Coolcsr  eld their weekly meeting on Thursday  vening.     President   Owens    toolc the  i  hair, and the meeting was one of the  Tightest since the union   was organ���  led,   questions  of    importance    being  Khaustlvely discussed and much In���  _rest manifested.    The union is prow'  rcsslng very fast.  KEHP  AWiAT   P1RO.M  SBATTLE.  Carpenters and joiners are requested  .to .stay, away_ from_Seattle. -Contractors refuse to .pay the scale of wages  which had been agreed upon, $3..*i0 a  day, to take effect on Jan. .1, 1901. The  city Is full of Idle carpenters.  '(President Alex. Bruce occupied  tn��  .hair at the large meeting of fishermen;   Run of tbe Mine,  Washed Nut and  Screenings,  SAMUEL M. ROBINS, Superintendent. .  EVANS, COLEMAN <t EVANS, Agents,  Vancouver City, B. C.  CANADIAN  ^^.i-YP/KCiFi;***:  and  UNION BAKERS.  fW. D. Mulr, Mount Pleasant  Dcdkert & Tletie, Mount Pleasant  .Montreal Bakery, Westminster aye.  John Wilkinson, Hastings street B.  ���Kent & Timms, E�� Cordova Street.  Royal Cafe, Cordova street.  J. Oben, Hastings street W.  W. B. Minchin, Granville street.  IV. Barnwell, Granville street.  Z_arg���� ft Tupper, Granville street.  Speaking of the strikes at Scr.inton  and Wllkesbarre. Pa., the oillclal orgun  ot the Street Railway-Men's Union has  tho following to say: "It Is. a great  victory*, one that will be fell by our people all over eaiuern (Pennsylvania. This  victory will bring bettor day.i to the  street car men whoso conditions have  been deplorable. They have been work-'  Ing anywhere from 12 to IS hours per  day, without any recognition or t-on-sid-  eratlon, and the 'Motorman and Conductor takes this opportunity of congratulating them nnd advising them to  maintain their organisation, and to  stand united and protect what they  have secured, and to be enabled to se.  cure more in the future."  PACHflC  LINE  World's��� ���  At Scranton, Pa., the strike ot the  street o-ailwaj- men resulted in a settlement, establishing a 10-hour day at  a scale of wages commencing at 14  cents for the flret six months; 15 cents  to the end of the year, and an increase  of a cent per hour for each year up to  19 cents for the fifth year. . .  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. ���        BEST SERVICE.*  To all points in Canada and the United Slatoa.  THE KASTKST AND 1IKST EQUIPPED TRAIN  CltOSSlNO THE CONTINENT.  ��� AIMKfl roil JAI-AN" AND CHINA.  ImprcMof India '.Ileccinbor Slit.  hmprvM ul .Iijpnii January 281IU1,  Kmim-Mi of China.., '.'.Kvbrunry Mlh  anil every lour wcelcn therttaftor.  8AU.1NU FOR IIONOLVLO ASD AUSTRALIA.  Miowora.... January 11th, 1901,  Aprmigl February Dili, 1901,  Warrlinoo. ,  .llarchSth  and every lour wut!k_ theroaticr.  For further particulars as to tlmo ratos etc.  apply to  E. J. COVLE,  A.O. P. A.  j   Vancouver, B. C,  ���  JAMES SCLATER,  Ticket Agent,  428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. O  Black   -Lang-  SHANG   PulletS  X   and Cockerels.  Stock took First Prijo at 1900 Poultry  Show at Vancouver.  Fried *2 upwards.  Eggs "II.SO per 13.  ���^SSRSSf   W: D. Jones THE INDEPENDENT.  aA-ElKUXAfS*  .VaDBBXTASBIZ 2. MODE  DRIFTWOOD.  Built and run by Lue Vernon.  Business rooms Any old place.  Editorial room Wherever my rent is paid.  [Pieces washedupby the tide, boomed, sawed,  split and piled for the perusal mid pastime uf  E aid-up subscribers, also for those who beg,  orrow and steal Tho Independent in order  that they may enjoy a little sunshine as lliey  jouruey through tills vale uf tears.]  A polite way ol calling a woman a gossip is to  . oy she Is i'ritliiil.  It doesn't re<|iilje much cultivation lo raise  come peuple's hopes.  Things hardly over begin ruining our way  mull we've spcit a good deal ol lime going  alter them.  The earth, according lo our Idea, Is divided in  two parts. Uetwcon ihoso that think they have  it, and ilium; Hint want il.  There are some people on this earth who  Imagine Dint no one else has a right to live  but themselves. Heaven Is the place for such  animals.  Whnt a pleasure It Is to have an expanded  nollon 'oi our importance thrust, by force of  circumstances, upon some one who had been  inclined to ignore us.  What a happy man Adam must have been,  there is no evidence lo show lhut be possessed  a typewriter.   '  It yon are afflicted with sleep-walking,  ,   : And a cure you should desire,  Just scatter taeks before your bed  Each night ere you retire.  If some men in Vancouver would cut off their  whiskers mid moustaches it would save a big  expense bill lor hair dye.  If the desi re to write continues ' to increase a"  His now increasing, the people of the future  will earn a precarious livelihood by selling  their books to one another.  ." And She Winked the Other Eye."  We never will condemn again a winking  woman. AMrsHirth of St. Louis was in her  coilln ready for burial the other clay when she  "winked the other eye" at the undertaker, lt  saved' her from being burled alive.  Singular.  It is singular how long some married women  can keep their frailties concealed from their  husbands. While all the world knows it the  husband is about the last one to have his eyes  opened, and even then a smart woman can protest innocence and satisfy her husband that  sho is deeply wronged.  A man can lie married in Melbourne cheaper  than in anyotberpartof the world. Ministers  advertise in the papers against each other.  One minister offers to combine together loving  couples for 10s lid, another for "s (id, and so on  down to 2a (id. In some cases wedding breakfasts and rings arc supplied.  feeling between people of Victoria and tbe  people oi Seattle, or l'ortlaud, were not of the  same friendly attitude that exist to day. In  those days you never beard an English or  Canadian band play Yankee Doodle or Hall  Columbia, on the other hand you never heard  u Yankee baud play Clod Save the Queen iu  reverence to her lalo .Majesty. There was much  bitter hatred towards a "Yankee" in Victoria  in those days, anil 1 suppose the some feeling  was manifested hy tlio '-Yankee" in Seattle or  Portland towards tiny Englishman or Canadian.  At any rale the citizens of Victoria were coin-  plliiii'iiiing the West Shore for producing such  an interesting number In Ihe highest sense of  the lerm, when somu fellow,���tied help the  fellow, If Mr. Samuels ever meets hlni-- noticed  a mistake that was mi insult to llie (jiieeii,  country, nnd citizen* of Victoria. In the illustration of Ihe government buildings, from each  lingstnff on each building tliereon, gmndly nnd  proudly Honied Iln; slurs and stripes ol the  Untied Stnies of Amorleii. It wns an insult Unit  no citizen of slow sedate Victoria could cn.liire.  There were rumors that the war ships nt Esquimau would lie sent immediately to Portland  and the whole city be bombarded, shelled, and  destroyed. Words cannot be found in Ihe dictionary or out uf it, Hint would have half express Ihe Indignation that tlio citizens telt had  been heaped  upon them by Mr. Samuels, the  ���'Ynnkee" owner nnd proprietor of the d   Wesl Shore. Were they mad? Ask of the  fragments and pieces of the West Shore that  strewed llie streets and by-ways. No, not mad.  Only riotous and murderous. To have a copy  of the West Shore in your possession* was liable  to cause you to do six months hard labor in the  chain gang. Every copy of the West Shore  Magazine, published'In Portland, Oregon was  confiscated. In two days not a copy could be  seen. Mad Victoria. Poor Samuels. I believ  if Mr. Samuels had been found in Victoria, at  ihis lime, he would have received harsh treatment. Anyhow, Mr. Samuels, I understand,  has never visited Victoria,']). C, since. If he  lakes my advice, he never will.  La Grippe.  The grippe microbe is abroad. What an active, untiring, pestilential atom he is! Wo  know him well, at least eortain scientists do  and all are agreed as to his capacity for working irrepnrnblo mischief. Now, what could  he not accomplish if ho were to assume the  size, say of the harmless neccssaay cal ?"  Here is a question for statisticians. I ha ve  seen similar calculations regarding membe rs  of the insect world, and the results certainly  arc startling. It behooves us all to do our  utmost to keep tlie grippe microbe as fur off as  possible. How ure we lo doit? Quite a host  of suggestions aro made, the majority of which,  however, aim at llie destruction of the tiny  .lend utter hu hns found safe lodging in tho  human system. One doctor, 1 observe, lire,  scribes whiskey, Scotch at that land I should  t li Ink Hint this will prove a very popular  remedy. Hut, nsthc old saying basil, "pre-  veniioii Is better than cure," and with this iu  view, though 1 am not a medical man, linn  going to risk giving a prescription, (io In for  Turkish baths. Tho grip microbe, It's said,  caunot survive the ordeal, and the process  hinders hlni from entering the system.  ���Lcr. Vkunon  FREIGHT RATES. |!  SOCIALISM.  A certai-nwell known Scattlcite who is quito  a speech-maker lias resurrected three famous  toasts to the United States.   Tho first runs:  " Here is to the United States, bounded on  the north by the British possessions, on the  south by Mexico and the Gulf of Mexico, on tlio  east by the Atlantic nnd on the west by the  Pneillc.  The second a trille more expansive, is as follows!  " Here is to the United States, bounded on the  north by thu North Pole, on the south by the  South Pole, on the enst by the rising sun aiid on  the west by the setting thereof.  The third toiist reaches the climax as follows: ,_ ���  ���'Hero is to the United States, bounded on  the north by the aurora borcalis, on the south  bv the precession of the equinoxes, on the east  by primeval chaos, aiid on tho west by the day  of judgement., .;:   . ���  She was too late to buy a ticket at the depot  so she got aboard the train just as it was leaving. .As tha conductor approached her she  opened a satchel and took out her purse, closed  the satchel, opened the purse, gave lifty cents  to the conductor, closed the purse, opc,nc-t the  satchel, put the purse back.and closed tbe  U��4<?iiCl.. The conductor, gave ^er' the change  ,V and she opened tho satchel, took out her purse  ���*   Olirl   lull   in   Ihunlmnnn     /ilnoitil ll___>_,._i...'   nF.A..nJ  liaiirtlioiFlii;en.s()i7?a"*iT.iTroi_i>-iiici:  ..lie used  to  pav his salary.   Wl  ... _     ,,,.., ,     ,.������������.���  ���-, - ���������  .   ,     -J . ..    , ...     ;��� ,i;:_,  ���,���. and put m the change, closed the purse, opened  ...ten iiitormcd that one iirm in tliis.^ ihc,Rtchoi, droppe(1 ��� tJle pur6e .Und closed  .neiuis to .Tnpnii for its printing. ���������Hon'tbe satchel. ? ;>  . aridiistrv iiiiiliiotliing.t_l.se will inakc-,?     : '������������'. ��� c.  ". progressive, city.       ' ?,  ?   ,    ! His Fortune is Made. : '  --'���-���'���: .    ���., ���.���'���'���"? |    If sonic rustling, enterprising theatrical man-  ,������'.;,    ���':������" ������'    ,"���  .,]   , i. ���,, u ���',|.__.'i   i��� ti,'agcr will procure and exhibit Mrs Nation, the  ;:   Attention may also be directed to th iami 8alooa wrccker of Kam ^ ^  cigar-making industry of \ iiiicouver. Ill pttt. Crowe the supposed kidnapper of Omaha,  stead of from 125 to 150 men  being em his fortune is made.?:'���"'..  .ployed in tbis city at good wages,: tli  current rate being  about sf20 a week  tlicre are only about 30 at work.  Approaching the Millennium. Y  Tlicr    ^c must 1"! ra*>ill'5' approaching the, millen-  .     . . , niuin! .Aerial,  ships are   nearing perfection,  are four factories all paying taxes, an. f���0d can be produced by chemicals, and whole  -use tlie blue label.? No women are enj meals taken in the form of powder, and now,  ployed here like the v do' in the elistcri to crown all, nn Ingenious French scientist has  aliops, and no Work is carried on "in th''dl��c��vc^ft me'lns1of r<!1U",g a" dis?'Tint0  -~���__'���' i one, and by a single microbe inoculating us  Mary had a'millionaire, ���"'". :���  His bead was soft as dough,  And everywhere that Mary went  i. Why be was sure to go. ^  He followed her to church one day  And there they had n row,  ' Arranged by Mary.   Mary lives  On alimony now.  Unaccustomed to Public Speaking.  The other day a newly appointed warden was  taken by the prison chaplain into the chapel,  where the prisoners were assembled in a body.  ��� The chaplain presented him to the company  with the remark that he would sny a few words.  The warden was a bashful man,, and unaccustomed to speech-making,. He stammered,  stuttered, blushed and faltered! "Ladies and  ���no���no���gentle���that is, men and fellow-prisoners���er���I can't make a speech, in fact, all  ���er���all I can say is���or���that I'm very glad  indeed to see so many of you here !"��� -Argonaut.  against tho lot at one "sitting," so to say. lt  sounds delightful, but, in the words used by  the discoverer to the sceptics who doubt the  ellicucy of his system, wo will, "wait and see!"  The Fault of the Artist.  When L. Samuels was conducting the West  Shore, an illustrated journal In Portland, Oregon, some years ago he made a trip to Victoria,  B. C, and secured permission from the city  officials for a "write-up" of their beautiful city,  ^including illustrations-of theirpri(le~ahd=J6y7  the old red government buildings across St.-  James Bay. In return each eitizen subscribed  torso many copies of the West Shore, ami the  inhabitants living in the city named after the  blessed Queen Victoria, wero in high spirits  over the thoughts of the magnillcent and  splendid "write-up" Mr Samuels would give  them, and marvelled at the adveitlsliig Vic.  torla, II. V., would realize nut of their expenditure In the preal Illustrated Portland publication.  fiTho Issue ol the Wcsl Shore containing the  truly Interesting "write-up" and Illustrations  of the government buildings were received, and  each merchant or citizen who hail subscribed  lor his required numbers of tho mngiuliiu wore  seemingly tickled and well pleased, Yi;l, n|  tho time 1 speak of, you must remember the  The Hand Organ.  Boston is now displaying its esthetic tnsto by  requiring its hand organs to pass a satisfactory  examination as to tlielr musical ability before  they are to be allowed to entertain the intellectual Boston public. The funny papers may  be depended on to see that the six-yesr-old Boston child is. faithfully portrayed as criticising  the hand organ man' because bis wheezy old  box does not play classical music.  Too Distrusting.  Why, indeed, should we invariably look with  distrust at all attempted kindness? Tho man  who offers bis newspaper coming in on the  train may not be a drummer on mashing bent.  It is quite possible that the stranger who stops  you on the street and calls you Mr Jones when  your name is Brown, Is not a bunco stcercr or a  seller of gold bricks. You may actually resemble Jones.  The Pope Discusses the Question at Length in an  Encyclical.  The following is a summary of the Pope's Encyclical on Socialism, issued last Snturdny and  dated-[miliary 18:  Tlio Pope commences with recalling his two  previous encyclicals on social questions, and  says the sequel of these encyclicals is lhat the  Catholics have applied their activity to social  works, in order to help the working classes.  The pontiff here reviews all that has been done  in Ihis direction, the foundation of labor bureaus, funds established for the benefit of the  rural classes and workingmen's associations of  all kinds. He considers the appellation "Christian Socialism" incorrect, and says Catholics  who occupy themselves with social questions  aro sometimes called "Christian Democrats,"  but even this qualification is attacked by some  people as being ill-sounding. Divergencies  having arisen therefrom, the Pope ardently desires to eliminate them.  Careful distinction must be drawn between  socialism and Christian democracy. The llrst  concerns itself solely with material positions,  always seeking to establish perfect equality  and a common holding of goods. Christian dc-  mocrncy, ou the contrary, respects the principles of divine law, and while seeking material  amelioration, has iii view the spiritual welfare  of the people.  Christian democracy* moreover, must not be  confounded with political democracy, for the  llrst cun, and ought to, subsist as does the  church herself, under the most varied political  regimes. Christian democracy, therefore, contains nothing which might offend anyone.  These divergencies having now been dispelled, Catholics should continue to devote  their cares to social (racstions and the amelioration of the lot of the working classes. Tbe  pope encouragesthe zeal 'and action of those  Catholics who consecrate themselves to this  eminently useful work.     '���������������'     '  The encyclical eulogizes the giving of alms,  which socialists wrongly regard as 1 nsulting to  the poor. On the contrary, they 6ervc to  tighten the tics of social charity. II matters  little whether this action of Catholics in favor  of the working classes is called the Social Action of Catholics or Christian democracy. The  essential point is that Catholics shduld act together to preserve tho community of effort and  sentiment. Idle, useless questions ought, therefore, never to be brought up in the press or  public assemblies. Catholics must act so as  not to engage in disputes.    ���:���  The pontiff concludes with exhorting Catholics to inspire themselves with these principles  and inculcate them. They must urge the people and tho workmen to shun everything invested with a seditious or revolutionary character, respect the rights of others, be respectful  to their masters and observe sobriety and religious practices. Thus will social pence again  become flourishing throughout the world.  Ihe Vestibule.  The conductors and motormen of Vancouver  smile when they hear that in some of the  United States cities whore the vestibule law it.  being urged, that the opponents of the measure  argue "that the vestibule will endanger tho  lives of tbe people because the glass will frost  and prevent the motorman from seeing." The  vestibule has been in use in this city for over  ten years, and when a pane of glass is broken  it is promptly replaced.  Ought to Swing.  The man McAllister, who is said to have been  tlie'Ie'ifder'iirtlieaMatiltlfpoiFJeiTril^IlosscHle^'  tcr, tho Patterson N. J., factory girl which led to  her death, and who has, with three others been  sentenced to till years imprisonment, Is becoming concerned aboutspiritual matters, lie sent  for a minister n few days ago, and the newspapers have it that he made n confession, but  the man of God will not say what McAllister  told him. II Patterson, .N. .1., wishes lo become famous for doing a good deed she should  hang up the three or four Inhuman moral  lepers to the nearest telegraph pole. Tlie men  concerned are wealthy. Jennie IloKschleler  wanii poor lianl-worklng girl. I would rather  hnve thu lowest form of known disease, die In  Ihegutlcr, or bolaken foru fiend ol some kind  and shot, miliar than have my cuimolencc twit  meof llioillrly, unpardonable crime these threo  depraved beasts hnve been convicted of,  fK might iih well attempt, (ogive a liiKtorv of the Hour War on'  tlie hack of un address tag as to uttcmpt'lo give a description  here of all the goodn we arc offering at a Hiicrilice.    Hut von  may get nn idea from these:  Glass Water Jugs   Decorated Kngllsh Teapots   Decorated Oil or Vinegar Dottles..  Decorated Dinner plates   Decorated Cups and Saucers   Decorated Saueo Tureens   Bnko Dishes   Flour Sifters   Splee Jars     25c, regular price  lie each.    40c, regular price 75c each.    25c, regular price 60c each.    90c, doz; rcg. price II."fi doz.    75c, doz; rcg. price Jl.'-'S doz.    50c, each; reg. price $1.25 ca.    15c, regular price '.We each.    .15c, regular price 25c each.    Wc, regular price Mc each.  WALK IN AND LOOK AROUND.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Ham,, 319 Hastihgs Street.  Oh! most gracious Spirit,  Divine art thy eternal power.  Thou who createth at thy will  Hath bereaved us in this hour.  Mighty Is thy summons.  Which no earthly strain can hold.  Thou reapeth as tlie harvester  To be numbered In thy fold.  The   Inland   Sentinel  says   that  the  controversy over the matter ot the C.  P. Tt. freight rates Is being carried on  with unabated vigor,   and   a   certain  portion of tlie ipress* is attempting to  divert public attention  from the main  contention Iby dragging other questional  into the dispute,   lt is most Important  that   the   public   mind   should   not   be  'befogged  by  these attempt.-! to caliw  tin- real ifrtue to be last sight of.    The  cililcf of these side Issues is the Crow's  Nest I'iics coal  mines, upon which Is  thrust by the Dress supporting the C.  iP.  It.  the odium of being the nigger  In  the fence.   It 'Will  be remembered  that at the time of the construction of  the Crow's Nest Pa��s (Railway one of  the conditions insisted upon by the Dominion Government dealt with the price  of coal produced   by   the  mine*;',     fly  this condllon provision was made regulating the price of coal and coke supplied to smelters nnd residents In the  souihern ipart of the Province, but no  such  regulation .was made concerning  the price of coal for export.   The price  fixed upon as the maximum price per  ton for coal sold in British' Columbia  was $2,   and  in   reaching  out  for export trade the Crow's Nest Pass Coal  Company is  apparently Ibut following  the ordinary business practice of trying  to get a .higher price  for its produce  by going to another market.   This may  be fairly accepted as a reasonable reason  for  the   wish .to deal with  J. J.  'Hill in preference to British Columbia  ���consumers.     but  It  is a policy  that  ���raises very serious  consideration  and  may be attended with results of gravest import to the mining and smelting  industries of South Kootenay.     Even  with its present large output this company is unaible to meet  the Jiome demand for coal and ooke.   Take away  from -Ms inadequate supply by catering  to 'al  foreign  market,   the   South  Kootenay industries must suffer.   This  is a gross Injustice to IBritish Colum-  ���bia.  lit is to this province the C. N. p.  Coiil company owes its firet duty, for  it is to this province the company h. Indebted for the invaluable property they  now t->ossess.' .While  at 'first  sight  it  appeare   reasonable   enough   for    the  company to get the highest price obtainable-for their produce,  the motive  Is a, selfish one.   It shows a reprehensible state of indifference tor the people  whose Tieritage has  passed  into  their  hands.   Serious as Is this consideration  it 'is not the point at issue.   The cliarge  ii'gainst the C. P. IR. of levying excessive   freight   rates   is   too   momentous  a  question   to be sidetracked   by  the  dragging of  the  doings of   the C. IP.  N". Coal company into the controversy.  Complaints In this connection are not  confined  to British  Columbia,  but aro  made in Manitoba, the Northwest, and  even in the eastern provinces.   To obtain any redress there must be persistent a,nd''united  effort,   and  no pains  must be spared, no stone left unturned  to achieve the end in view.   '  HE BOOT AND SHOE WORKERS' UNION STAMP  is used by THE J. D. KIM6 CO., Limited, upon all  their manufacture of Boots and Shoes. No strikes, cessation  of work or labor difficulties promote the highest possible production of perfect workmanship. In thus consulting the interests  of the consumer we urge that you DEMAND  The d.D. KING CO./S  UNION MADE SHOES  I The female Labor Part ij |  f       t  holds the halunce of power when it oomes to u  question of Kitchen furniture, and that is the  subject we are most interested in. We Want  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity ^  of showing the good points' of McClary'* J- ^  Famous Range. It is the best and the terms ��  are easy. ��  Win. RALPH   a��!i!: |  -VIcLeiinan,  Mcf eely & Co.  "W-SOIiB-SAIiE AND  RE*"C"AH- DEALERS  IN  SMi^?-i llardware  MAIL ORDERS RECEIVE PROMPT AT*HE-MniON.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buegy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��. ���0.  WHOLESALE GKOCERS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -  Vancouver, B. C.  [J^f0 Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Ciqars and Smoking Sundries.  MARKET QUOTATIONS.  VakcoOvek, Feb. 2,1000.  [Corrected by Foran BroR., grocers, :_44  Carrall street.]  Flour���  Manitoba Hungarian, sack,  50 lllB    |135 <�� I ] 40  ___Graln__; .___             " '_  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs     1 7.1 @    1 li,  Oats, ton    25 00 a) oil  llrnii, ton  -_-J0O  Shorts, 1 ton  20 00  Feed-  Hay, ton    12 00 (a)   Ki 00  Sugar���  SiiKiir, Sack ,...,,    s 76 6 75  Vegetables���  f'otHiiies, loo Ilia     i(io (<b   150  Turnip.., 100 lbs        05  Onions, lb  ,r,  1,'alibage, lb          6 .-,  Ilfew, lb  2  Colory, 12 biiiiehs        20 :io  Farm I'-wluue���  KkkHi'Iihc. fresh.        'IA <a     40  Khks Casi-, .Maiillnl.il, lion,,         20 its  lluiter, Cruaiiiery, prliiiB....       tlo :|5  Hotter, (treiiinur)-. In tubs lb       27 as  lliillur, Hairy, prints        20 26  lliitter, llalry, In itibs.lb...,       22 24  i:h��.w, Ontario, lb        17 20  Chi-use, Miiuiloba, Ib.olil..,        16 17  ljinl. Hi..,         js ]c,  Litril'Mh. pulls        45 45  l.anl 6.1b, pails        71) 70  l.anl IO-IIi. palls     14. 140-  Laril 20-lb palls     2 76 o iM  Fruit-  Apples, local, box        75 12,1  Oregon Apples, Uox     2 00 2 20  Vernon Apples, box     175 17.1  Oranges, dor        25 60  Lemons, doz        10 25  Japan Oranges, Box     . 35 45  Bananas, doz        30 35  [Corrected by Burrard Inlet Meat Company.  300 Cordova street west.  Meats���  Beef, lb          7 @     35  Mutton, lb          7 18  Veal, lb          6 18  Fork, lb        10 15  Ham,lb        18 ]8  Bacon, lb ,.       20 20  25 HASTINCS ST. E.  We have Sweet Pickles in  bulk. You should try them.  20c per quart.  New Eggs, 40c per dozen.  Fresh Peas, 2 tins for 25c,  regular price 20c each.  Corn, Peas, Beans and To-  matos, IOC per tin.  Sinclair's Famous Hams  always on hand.  TRY USTfOR VALUES:  Telephone  728.  WE CARRY.^  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  Chocolate, Etc.  CAKES  of the very best quality,  35c, 40c and-50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  600 Westminster Avenue.  Amusements.  NOTIC!  Of Removal  The Imperial  Bakery   -   -  I.ATK  OK   CAIIKAM, AND  IIAHTIXdH  '�������.,  MAVB  ilK.MOVKII TO  56 CORDOVA ST.  Where it has opened PIrst-c.ass Tea  nnd Coffee Booms in connection witli  the Hnkcry. Tlie public nre requested  to give the linn a trial.  (Jourteoim treatment of our piitroiiH  and the best of goods is our motto.  KENT ��> TIMMS.  ��AVOY  THEATRE  Sam Nksbitt.... Masagcr.  NEXT   WREK  4---February---4  AN ENTIRE NEW SHOW.  SEVILLE AT��jr> YOUNG  THE SAMAYOAS  ACNES FRElCD  ANNETTE GORDON  STANLEY AND SCANLON  JOE CHAMBR  M'KAY AND LAWEHNCK   .  Tlie Jk-st show over produced in Vancouver.  The finest lino of SPECTACLES and  EYEGLASSES ill British Columbia, and  you will find the prices right. Our doctor of optics examines eyes tree.  tiers  146 CORDOVA SfREET.  We arc prepared to supply  Ml your wants. Every purchaser shall get full value  for their money. Make out  your list uud to mo to���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  THEATRE ROYAL  (LATH  ALIUMBRA.)  W. II. Lucah, Tuo*. SuAiir....Managers  Next Attraction  will be  Announced  Here  Shortly.  .:   GEO. HAY  Vancouver's    Pioneer    Clothes  Kenoyutor, makes a Bull new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  216 Cambie St.,- Vakoouvbk.'  t  HardSe & Thompson  Marine and General������=x  Consulting Mechanical Engineers  WO Cordova 8t. W., Vancouver, B. c. Tb... 7��  Patontces and designers ot tho H&rdle-  Tlionipson water tube boiler, now hie'  speed   reversing engines, and spccli  Thompson water tube boiler, now high  speed reversing engines, and special  machinery In light sections lor mines.  I'nopKi.i.Eiu Desioned.  Knainks Indicated ani  A1UUSTIU1.  8olo agents In B. C. and N. W. TerritoriesT_o  thu Unlied flexible Mutnlllc Tubing Co., Ltd.  London, Eng.  ROOMS TO  LET  witli or without board.   Apply at 573 Hornby street.  Mks. D. Waite.  OOK. BXYHODR AND CORDOVA STS  1'   (near C, P R. Station.)  Fine old English Ale, Stout and Beer;  best old .Scotch and Irish whisky; domestic and imported Cigars. ICTerj-  thlng up to the handle.


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