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The Independent Mar 30, 1901

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 0  (LI!  "^  Tho oldest und largest interim-  llonnl ciiiiipHny in the world.  Supervised by 82 governments.  Fred Cockburn - District Mgr.  Flack Bloci., Vancouver.  OTTAWA FIRE INSURANCE CO  Authorized Capitul   -  $1,500,000"  Subscribed Capital   - -    500,000  Uovernment Deposit -        81,000  'II. J. Moorhouse,  General Agent for Ii. C. and Alberta.  SO and 31 Flack Block, Vancouver.  VOL. 8.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, MARCH 30, 1901.  NO. 1.  Thorn are other licences to he dealt  ���with as well as the fisherman's, and the  ' one I propose dealing with now i.s the  "miner's license." Under the law. as it  now stands, a .milling recorder is compelled to issue a mining license to any  and every person who applies to him  iind tenders the sum of live dollars. Unfortunately this includes hoth Chinese  and Japanese. I know that, notwithstanding the proviso (section 0, Mines  net) that "no person other than the  holder of a free miner's certificate unexpired" van mine or hold any minerals,  the Chinese do work for uml obtain a  very large amount of gold upon placer  ground even without a license. .lust  read the following extracts from the  official report of the Honorable the  Minister for Mines, and my statements  are more than fully borne out. I am  now quoting from the ollicial report for  18!)5:       ���:,;,���'���:  ������-.." China creek has yielded about $40,-  000, and considerable gold has been  taken out of Goid river by the Chinese,  but nothing definite can he obtained regarding its yield."���L'age 049.  "This creek (Kangaroo creek) was  very rich in gold near the surface, and  was completely worked out by Chinese."  ���I'age 651).  " From 1881 to date, the well-ascertained value of the gold obtained from  this district (Cayoosh Creek .and Bridge  " Kiver) aggregates $1,070,850. Wnolly  obtained from the auriferous gravels.  This golden prize has fallen into the  hands of Chinese and Indians. The  white gold producing miner has been in  a microscopic minority. Divided 'between the two former, the Chinese may  safely get credit for nine-tenths of the  whole. ���"From the white miner and from  the Indians, a fairly truthful account of  their doings can always be had, but  from the .Chinese it is different."���L'age  t>l>7.  Now I want to call particular attention  to this oilieers statement, " The Chinese may safely get credit for nine-tenths  of thowhole,"' so that the Indians, aud  whites got if 107,08f>, whilst the Chinese  during the same time secured $.H>3,7(i5.  How much did the province get in return for the f(in*_,7(*5 taken out of it by  the Chinese'.' Are we prepared to  quietly stand by and permit the whole-  Dale plundering of our goldlields as was  done in California. I remember that  in reply to a question asked, an  ollicer of the mines department  in California stated that "the  gold extracted from this country by  Chinese amounts to millions of dollars."  I believe this statement-tu he true not  only as regards California, hut that  every year there is stolen from this province thousands of dollars of gold, 1 say  stolen because the Chinese fossick without a license and give no equitable  equivalent for the gold they obtain and  send to China.  How can this he stopped'.' I answer,  Let the minister for mines obtain an 6r-  tier-in-conncil and then instruct all persons authorized to issue a miner's certi-  licate that "he may issue the same to  any person not being an Asiatic or  African alien," and let this be (lone he-  fore the first of May this year. Then  what follows'.' ICvery person, whether  he be white or Asiatic who mines without a license, must be prosecuted.  Jfwcean get the Dominion governuieut to deal with fishing licenses in  this way and the Provincial government  to prosecute all breakers of the liiw,; 1  am sure an immediate exodus of both  Chinese and .laps will ensue and the  -sooner the-bottcr Poi!Tiii:ii.\--Gkokk_=  cigars boomed by the trust do not bear  the blue label. The money that should  be paiil out for wages goes to subsidize  newspapers, and the dealer is getting  pinched while the public is being fooled.  Keep up the demand for the blue label.  The time is fast coming when the dealer  will he pleased to listen to you.  Commissioner K. 1'. liremner will  leave for Texada Island on Tuesday to  adjust tho differences existing there between the striking miners and the management. It is to be hoped that his  mission will result in the termiation  of the trouble.  POSTAL EMPLOYEES.  A Growing Institution.  The employees on ihe railroads in  Manitoba, the Northwest Territories and  this province, who are eligible, are being  organized into the Brotherhood of Kail-  road Trackmen of America. The grand  president is Mr. John T. Wilson, with  headquarters at St. I.ouis, Mo. Al present the membership is over 11,000, and  new members are being added to the  roll every day. With the assistance of  Mr. 1). Stamper, of Moosejaw, the latest  unions formed are at Weyhurn, Oxbow  and MixiHcjaw, >'. W. T., and Souris,  Man. The objects of this organization  are worthy the consideration of all track  and hridgemen. Sick and mutual aid  benefits are first and foremost among  them.    Success to the I*, of lt. T. of A.  The blue label of the Cigarmakers'  Union is going to receive a boom from a"  new quarter. The dealers are beginning  to feel the squeeze being put upon llieni  by the tobacco trust. They are finding  out that the brands advertisedI'und  popularized bv the trust will cost them  more monev," but will be sold to the | fixed for the 17th of April.  A special meeting of the l'ostal Employees' Union was held in tlieir rooms  last;week to receive the report of the  delegation who waited on the postmaster-general at Ottawa for the purpose of  urging an increase of wages.'  The general secretary of the Letter  Carriers' Federated Association reported  as follows:  "The deputation wits introduced by  A. W. Puttee,-M. 1'. for Winnipeg, who  opened the case in a brief and neat  speech, doing it in tlie best possible way,  concise, and to the point, covering all  he ground. 1 followed advocating the  reasons we had for asking the 20 per  cent, increase. K. 1'. Clark M. P., Toronto; dealt with the matter in a general  way, who was followed by Mr. Henderson, labor, of Toronto. Dr. Borden,  leader of the opposition, came next. He  made the usual appeal on behalf of the  employees, dealing especially with the  grievances of the Halifax men,? and  pledged the support of the Opposition,  in..: o��r interests, Mr. Tucket, of St.  John, Mr. Osier, of Toronto, and some  three others got in their live minutes.  Then came Mr. Roach, of Halifax, who,  while advocating'our claims wound up his  speech by voicing the sentiments of the  government. He stated that he hoped  the government would grant the increase  asked for, hut il" they were unable to  grant it to all the'employees'," he hoped  they would grant a substantial increase  to those who were efficient, and therefore, deserved it.  "Mr. Kalph Smith immediately jumped  to his feet announcing that he represented the postal employees of Vancouver, warning the government against  adopting any such measure as that proposed by the member for Halifax, stating that organized labor would not look  on such a system with favor, and if they  did adopt such a course they would see  the results that would follow ; that the  _!0 per cent, increase was the minimum  salary asked for; that there was no  objection to efficiency being rewarded  over that figure and finally this proposed  classification was contrary to the principles of organized labor, several other  members also spoke.  " Hon. Mr. Mulock spoke as follows:  Gentlemen of the Deputation,���I have  to state that I have received a large  correspondence from private individual  labor organizations, boards of trade, and  other bodies and especially from the  numerous letter carriers thoroiighout  the Dominion. I have given the matter  much consideration during the past two  months and have only been waiting the  views of this deputation? before, finally  coming to a decision. * I am leaving for  Australia to-morrow and will communicate my views to the Hon. Mr. Fielding,  the finance minister, leaving with him  a''memorandum, who will bring it before the council,--.Where it will receive  the same consideration as if 1 wen, pres-  CANADIAN LABOR NOTES.  ent. Before leaving 1 wish to assure  the deputation that th.e condition of the  letter carriers will be improved.  " Thus ended the interview with the  usual votes of thanks."  The secretary then says: " We are  all greatly indebted'to-Messrs. Kalph  Smith, Puttee" and;Maxwell for their  great assistance. They assured me before leaving that they would look after  our interests to the last minute ami do  their best to get the full amount asked  for. You will be pleased to hear that  following the example of the men of  Winnipeg and Vancouver the Ottawa  men have formed a union, Montreal  men having got into line about four  weeks ago. The organizer is now on his  way to Quebec to initiate the men there.  Hrantford and Hamilton men will be the  next to come in."  On motion it was ordered that the  secretary convey to Messrs. Maxwell,  Smith and I'uttee, our sincere lliauks  and appreciation of their efforts on our  behalf and the. assistance rendered by  them to the members of our deputation  whilst at Ottawa.  The date of the proposed concert was  Particulars  The carpenters of Toronto will ask for  eight hours this season.  The clerks of North Sydney, N.S.,hsive  organized to secure and maintain early  hours of closing.  The Labor Gazette says that the .reports indicate a healthy state of industry and trade in all parts of Canada.  Prospects are good in the building  trades of St. John, N. JJ., as several new  buildings are to be erected this spring.  In British Columbia the value of the  capital invested in the fisheries is placed  at $2,(104,77:!; and in sealing, $105,550 *  making a total of $2,710,323.  A bill respecting councils of conciliation and arbitration for settling industrial disputes has been introduced into  the Legislative Assembly of Quebec.  The Trades and Labor Council of  Montreal has resolved to support the  Machinists' Union in its endeavor to establish a 9-hour day-in the machinery  trade in Montreal.  The London (Out.) Trades and Labor  Council has placed itself on record as  being opposed to the action of the civic  hoard of health enforcing workmen in  factories to submit to vaccination.  Twenty-three vessels are under charter to load deals in May from Halifax  for the United Kingdom, and it- is therefore expected that the demand for laborers will continue good for months.  Organizer James- Wilks, of Nelson,  has succeeded in organizing a branch of  the .Western'.federation of Miners at  Northport, and the result is a smelter-  men's union in that city with 173 charter members.  Workmen of the Newcastle coal mine,  Port Morion, N. S., organized a lodge of  the Provincial Workmen's association,  to be known as Banner lodge, No. 9.  Henry Munro was chosen master workman and John McDonald treasurer.  Of the men engaged in the fishing industry of Nova Scotia, 5,705 are-in fishing vessels, with an average crew of 10,  and 10,4(10 in boats, carryingone or two  men each. The total value of fishing  capital invested in the province is placed  tit $3,080,71)5.  Representatives have been appointed  from the Manufacturers' association and  the labor unions in the boot and shoe  trade of Quebec city, who will constitute the Hoards of conciliation and arbitration which were named in the award  of the Archbishop of Quebec, having reference to the recent lock-out.  The Legislative Committee of the Toronto Trades and Labor Council has  issued a circular appealing to the laoor  organizations of Canada to assist them  in procuring an amendment to the  Trade Mark Act legalizing trade union  labels and giving the exclusive right to  use them to those registering them.  A statement has been submitted to the  city council ot Toronto showing the work  done by day labor last year, and the  gain thereby to tho city. Eleven pavements were laid, costing $231,447, being  a gain of $4,214 over the contract price;  20 sidewalks, costing $10,512, at a gain  of $1,173, and four sewers,costing $4,071,  at a gain of $1,207.  At the meeting of the Ymir (B. C.)  Miners''-Union, Xo. 35, W. K. M., last  w'eek, the following officers were elected  to serve for theensuing term : President,-  A.J. Hughes; vice-president, P. Daly;  treasurer, John Dewer; financial secretary, Alfred Parr; recording secretary,  II. Jackson ; conductor,' 0. N'orthridge;  warden, James Graham.  ���The memberirortli^?61��lamOfiheFs'  cars''in their service built within the  city, and employ only resident taxpayers iu the construction of same. (7)  The company to pay till employees  weekly in cash. (8) The "city council to  reserve to itself the right to purchase  the terminal railway tracks within the  cily at the expiration of every live years.  There is a movement on foot to cut  wages in Sandon. , The effort took its  initiative last week in the Payne mine,  where the pay of haininersmen doing  shaft work was reduced from $3.50 to  $3.25 per shift. The result was that the  parties doing the work quit, and now an  effort is being made to secure men from  elsewhere at the reduced pay.  The labor party of.Montreal is opposed to the city spending money to entertain royalty. The city council has  voted $1(.,<X.0 to receive the Duke of  Cornwall when he lands in that city  The labor, party fails to see the philosophy of throwing away good money on  fireworks and a boozological .carnival  while there is all kinds of need for public libraries, homes for incurables, hospitals and other useful municipal institutions. The Trades and Labor Council  suggests that the rich folks of Montreal  be given an'opportunity to demonstrate  their loyalty by putting up the price of  the Cornwall blow-out, and has petitioned the government to deprive the  city council'of power to vote money for  such purposes.���Paystreak.  OTTAWA LETIM.  FISHING INDUSTRY OF B.C.  (or  public at the same price.   The kind of later.  Union, No. 38, W. P. M., have passed a  resolution vigorously protesting against  the passage of the amendment by the  Legislature raising the poll tax from $3  to $5 per head, aiid also to the passage  of the amendment to the school act, the  intent of which is to place the burden of  school taxation upon the municipality.  The Trades and Labor Council have  petitioned the city council of Montreal  to impose the following conditions on  the Montreal Terminal Railway company, previous to granting them the  privilege of extending their rails through  the streetsof Montreal: (1) The fixation  of a minimum rate of wages for conductors and niotormeii at $1.75 per day of  10 hours. (2) The company to supply  tne hiotormen and conductors with ono  suit of clothes and one .overcoat each  year free of charge. (3) The company  to pay all tradesmen employed by them  a minimum wage of $2 per day ol" ten  hours. (4) All laborer's working at the  construction of the company's roads to  be paid a minimum'wage of $1.50 per  day of 10 hours. (5) The company not  to allow the conductors or niotormeii to  work over 10 hours per day or (.days  per week.   ((>) Tho company to have all  As Viewed by  the Canadian Labor Gazette  .   March.  The fisheries'of British Columbia havo  been reserved for special treatment because of the peculiar conditions existing.  The men in the industry in the Pacific  province are partly engaged as fishermen and partly as operatives in the  canning factories. A large number of  Indians, Chinese and Japanese are engaged, as well as white men. Indeed,  white men are in a decided minority.  In the fisheries, Indians take a large  part, and in the canneries the majority  of the employees are Chinese.  Most of the fishing has beru.doueby  whites and Indians, but latterly Japanese fishermen have taken a prominent  part. Thus for example, one firm last  year had in its employ 70 whites, 30  Japanese and 10 Indian fishermen.  Payment is usually made at a specified  rate of so much periish, the rate ranging from (! cents to 30 cents a fish,  according to the quantity caught and  the general state of the market, the  average price being about IScents a fish.  White men who follow fishing exclusively (of such men one linn has 100 in its  employ) average about $000 per year.  In the case of five typical canneries  the distribution of employees is as follows :  Chine  .Cusel        SO  "   2       100  "   **(�����)         "���>  "   1       180  "   5         70 u  (a) Iii this case 25 Indian women are  also employed.  In the canneries the white labor is  mainly employed in superintending and  directing work. Foremen receive $100  to $125 per month; or in some cases  where they are employed under a more  permanent agreement, from $000 to  $1,000 for the season. The wages of tho  other white employees range from.$40  to $.100 per mouth ; foremen's assistants  receive from $00 to $75 per month; bookkeepers from $ii0 to $05 per month, all  with board; watchmen and talleymen,  from $40 to $50 per month; and white  employees generally from $40 to $00 per  Whites.  ���jo  ���i0  s  20  month. The Chinamen as a general  rule work under contract with one firm,  and receive from $35 to $50 per month.  In some cases Indian women are employed, receiving from 15 to 20 cents an  hour without board.  The hours of labor per day vary according to the run of the fish. Sometimes  the working day consists of as much as  sixteen hours, although the average day  is probably within ten hours.  The duration of the season is also uncertain, thu period of employments for  white men being at the most from five  to six months; and for Chinamen, four  months. At the close of the season the  Indians usually return to their reservations, the other men finding employment locally, on railway construction,  lumbering or .such other employment as  may offer for the time being. Some of  the men continue fishing for the fresh  tish market.  Some employers report a scarcity of  white men for work in the canneries,  but otherwise the returns received do  not show an unusually strong demand  for labor,  [Spedully Written for The Isuki'ENOkst.]  -Ottawa. March 18, 1001.  This has been a sort of off week with  your correspondent. Just now a bye-  election is going on in North Bruce���the  old home of our good friend' John  Pearey. Your representative was  strongly urged by the minister of customs to take his place as he could uot  get away, and he went like a good soldier. At Wiarton, a thriving town on  the lake, the nomination took place, aud  in the same hall immediately after the  nomination the two parties hud a wordy  ,light. The government candidate is a  bright, up-to-date young man, the son of  a clergyman and a brother of one of  Canada's sweetest" singers, Wilfrid  Campbell. His father .was a strong old  conservative; the son by conviction is a  liberal, while the tory candidate, a Mr.  llalliday,was once a liberal, but is now  a tory. Such is life. In ��� the evening  Mr. Maxwell addressed a large meeting,  and spoke for one hour and three quarters, chiefly'on labor interests. There  are some factories and mills here, and  wages run from $0 to $8 a week. Next  day he went to Elsinore, the home or  rather the spot where friend Pearey got  his Scotch lassie. A lot of anxious enquirers were glad to hear of John's success in Vancouver. Next day the mem-  oer for Burrard spent at Southampton,  and had a splendid meeting at night. A  man from the coast always makes  friends, for every part,, of Ontario has  contributed to your population, and  wherever you go there are always people coming to you asking for this one  and that one, so that the result is good  fellowship all round. v  We had 'another big storm.? Trains  were blocked, the mails for the west delayed, etc., etc. When your representative got back and heard that Baxter  was enjoying himself on his bicycle and  that you were having beautiful weather  he wished also that he was there to enjoy it. *     ...   >,--.-IIOUKASSA -.IN;.l'.U.UA.MKNT.;.K.-_    ,?  In parliament we had another time  with Bourassa. We know him, having  seen him in Vancouver. He is the idol  of. the French ladies, and, of course,  gets something up now and then so that  they can appear in the gallery, both to  admire and silently applaud their here.  He is hardly taken seriously by the.  members, of the house. He is full of  ambitious hopes some day to bo the leader ofthe Quebec people. Ho is not  without gifts, for added to his pleasing,  if characterless, appearance, he, has an  easy style of address, and a Hash of wit,  that makes his 'appearances' tolerable.  We must do him the credit of saying  that he always prepares, before he  speaks, but as to the worth of 'what he  prepares* is for his critics or friends  to decide. I need not rehash  what his motion was all about;  in fact his motion was one  thing, and his speech was on anything  ami everything. The only redeeming  feature was the brilliant speech of the  premier in reply. It is very pleasing to  notice w;hen Sir Wilfrid is talking on  imperialism, or the mother country, how  he seems to strike a chord in* every  heart, and for the? time one forgets that  the chamber is composed of - hostile  camps, for the cheers that come from  the one side are heartily responded to by  the other. For the moment Canada  speaks, Canada listens, and Canada  cheers the man who is undoubtedly her  idol. The house was practically unanimous a__ainst-Mr._Bourassa.but_ possibly  he mav be consoling .himself that nia-  speech in a more interesting way than  Mr. Kidding.' lie is possessed of his  subject, and he has the knack of filling  his hearers with his own spirit. After  his speech came the deluge. The liberals'weriv wondering what the conservatives wotild do without Mr. Poster, lt  was whispered that Clarke Wallace  would reply, but instead we had Mr.  Osier. His reply, to put it mildly, was  a fiasco. Ho is a poor speaker, and,  though he lias a financial reputation,  yet the way he floundered, and .aimed  and hawed was painful. He was like  some preachers that we all have heard,,  who choose a text, and then roamed  over creation, without even touching  the subject, when he sat down there was  a painful pause. It looked as if the de-  hate was going to collapse for want of  wind. The redoubtable and mediocre  Clancy jumped to his feet, and, as he  had nothing to say got the house ad-  adjourned to give him, a chance to collect some of his .campaign speeches.  Nothing yet has showed how dcmoral.  ized the opposition party is like this?  The places of the fallen leaders are not  filled, and even if the conservative party,,  were called into power there are nothing  but novics left to take the places of the"  conquered giants. Alas, alas, howare  the mighty fallen.  Mr. Kalph Smith, and .Mr.. Puttee  were doing mission work. They addressed a splendid meeting.. at Peterboro and  had a great reception.    Good luck.  ���;''������   ''''',.". Phiz.  Manley-Freeman.  It.;is  surprising how  soon   a young  bachelor joins the great army of Benedicts when he becomes an employee on  the  B.  C.  Electric'  tram .. line.     The"  charming and entrancingways of the  ���many fair ones of Vancouver who ride  on  the  cars  may be the realise.: Perhaps  it   may: be  considered  far  safer ���  for both  the conductor and motormarf  to be struck- off the eligible list, seeing .  that such a bevy of beauty must be  dealt  with  each and  every? day.   The  latest    to    cast   off   bachelordom    is.'*  Harry   S. .Manley,? who ..was? married  last Wednesiiay.evening.to.,Miss;:Ellen,?:  E. Freeman/The ceremonies were per- '������.  formed by Rev. John Reid, jr.,-rat the  residence, of .the  bride'sVparehts,. Mr.'  and Mrs. G. L. Freeman. Raymur ay-"���'  enue. .    After  the wedding  feast' had?  been?got' through    with    the    happy ?  couple  left  for ; their  new . home.  1346  Hornby street.   The Independent joins ?  with the many friends of Mr. and Mrs.  Manley in wishing them, a successful?  life's journey.   ..- ��� ��� :        '  Blue Kibbon Tea is packed in Vancouver by white men���are you drinking it V  jorities are not always right.  tiik ininoKT.  The most important item was the  budget this week. It is always an anxious tinie. Reformers are wondering if  the tariff is going to be changed and  manufacturers are wondering how these  supposed changes willaffpct them. This  year the tarilT. remains as it is with tho  exception of a contribution to those who  want to start the beet sugar business in  the shape of admitting the machinery  required duty free. The budget in other  respects was one very gratifying to the  people of Canada. We had the largest  surplus in the history of Canada���over  eight millions, and next year in spite of  heavy expenditures it is expected that  the surplus will be over six millions.  Mr. Fielding made., a business-like  speech. It was strikingly short, perhaps the shortest on record, lie had a  good story and he told it well, and in the  shortest time possible. He knows his  facts, marshals them in splendid order,  and he goes at his work in a thorough  business way. We may have had more  eloquent finance ministers, but we never  had one  who  could  mane a business  Trouble.at Honolulu. ,.���   "  The following letter has been received by Secretary Beer, of; the Machin-;  ists, of this city: '.  Honolulu. H.  r_. March 16, 1901.  Dear Sir. ami Brother.���Please notify  all members you can reach not to.an_.--/  wer advertisements for machinists' positions at the Honolulu Iron Works, of?:  this city, as our lodge decided unanimously not to work for said company ���:���  until it had considered aiid acceded to-.  the grievances and demands made by  our  committee,   which   called  upon   it.  on March 14th... "We received no satis-'  faction  whatever,  not even the recognition of the order, so that no,machinists, inembers of I. A. of M.. are working, nor. will  they work for said com-?  pr.nytill   we  are at least   recognised. .-.  Hoping that you Will thoroughly advertise  this,   1   remain,  yours  fraternally^  :.���':,��� ROBT. jr.  MILLAR.  Rec. See. Hawaii Lodge. Xo. 341.   ?  -��� -Wrhe^Strike^at^Van-Anda.-  To the Editor of The Ixhepexdkxt:  Sir,���Will you allow me the space;  in the next Issue of your paper to contradict the rumor that is? current/in.  Vancouver���that the strike had been  declared off against the Van Anda  Company, Texada Island. The strike-  has not been declared off by the Texada Jriners- Union, and all miners and  other white men are warned against  coming here until a settlement has  been arrived at. We will notify you  through the public press of the Province when the strike is declared oft by  this Union.   Yours sincerely. "  P. J.  LAND.  Van Anda, B. C, Jtnrcli 27, 1001.  The Vancouver Labor Party met in  Union hall on Wednesday night, a fair  attendance being present. After some  routine business a resolution was passed opposing the proposed Increase of  the poll tax from ;,-$3 to $5. It was  agreed witli Mr. Robt. Macpherson, exit. P. P., that lie will give an address .  al the next meeting of the party on  Wednesday. April. .10th, on the taxation and finances of the province. The  public are Invited. '     -   ?y���; THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY .MARCH 30, 1901  THE INDEPENDENT.  HEX). BARTLEY   Editor  HARRY COWAN Business Manager  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   IN-  TEREST   OF   ORGANISED   LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING. COMPANY.  AT   JI2    HOMER   STREET,  VER,   B.   C.  VANCOU-  SlUiSCIUPTJONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; three  months, 35 cents; six months, 6!\ cents;  one year, $1.25.  ENDORSED BY THE TRACES AND  LA'BOR COUiNClL, AND THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  <UN1QN  might greatly extend its good work,  were its resources larger. The Society's  action is of course partly and properly  punitive, hut the main value of its work  lies iu its deterent teu'lency. Its operations have already reduced greatly the  suffering of the brute creation iu this  province at the hands of the cruel and  the inconsiderate.  SATUItDAY   .JIARCH 30. 1501  A YEAR OLD.  ii With this issue Tut-; I.vdkck.viiknt  starts the third volume and the second  year of its existence. Its numerous  patrons and supporters have complimented the management upon the clean  , and fearless manner in which the  columns have been'conducted and its  regular appearance for the past **���*  weeks. This good-will is very.much  appreciated, and it is hoped that this  paper will be so conducted as to continue to maintain the same esteem and  confidence with - which it is held at  present. Jt is the intention to  to make Tim I.vdki'kndkkt the peer of  any labor organ in-the land, and in the  future as in the past will try to make it  a paper, thoroughly representative of  theaims and objects of organized labor.  In pursuing this policy it must be borne  in mind that a strictly independenteourse  must be followed���not exactly neutral���  " for questions will arise upon which labor  must take a stand, let the duty be ever  so disagreeable,  to maintain its rights  /and privileges, at the same time not  holding or. enjoying the opinions because they may happen to.be those of  another, but be self-relying and self-  directing in each and every instance.  This is held to be independence���nothing'  more, nothing less���and is quite different to pursuing a course on vital questions of being neither one thing nor the  other, taking no part- with, either side to  avoid the stigma of being Jpartizan, and  adhering to a state, of indifference or  neutrality. ���'��� lt matters little to the wage-  earning class as to the literary form of  the columns so long as it emphasizes the  spirit (if progress' and endeavors to assist  in the solution of great questions. In  the future as in the past Tin: Ixdki'kx-  j.kxt will try to be a fair and just representative of organized labor.  Says the Victoria Colonist with evident satisfaction: "The Indians up the  coast have decided thill the Japanese  must go, so far as salmon fishing is concerned. They are not at all unreasonable, and do not propose us their ancestors mitrlit have done, lo resort to force.  They are going to Ottawa with their  grievances." The Indians might under  present circumstances as regards restriction of Oriental immigrstiou, almost as  well "go to hades," for all the good they  are likely to get. ..astern Canada loves  the .lap, at a respectful distance of  course from its own people, and the  Canadian government acts accordingly.  Pacific Canada doesn't count yet, except as a taxpayer.  Chillies J1. Schwab of New York  will draw a salary of $1,000,00.0 a year  Tor presiding over the affairs of the  United States Steel Corporatirtn. The  contract is for live years. The Terra  Haute Toiler says: "Ami this m-i.i  does no more useful labor than the  man who performs the most menial  task in the mills of the trust at a dollar a day. In fact, were it not for the  dollar-a-diiy man Mr. Schwab would  have no job."  IRON MOULDERS WIN  it is not enough that Caesar's wife  be virtuous. She must be above suspicion, lt is not enough that a labor  organization be true to its principles,  lt must so conduct itself that no man  can suspect it of corruption. ���'Moneta  noncolet"���"money never stinks"���that  is a maxim of capitalism. It is a maxim that workingmen ought . to be  ashamed to quote.���N. Y. People.  At Cleveland, Ohio, on Monday, the  'longshoremen and the dock managers  concluded their conference. Eight cents  a ton will be paid for fueling boats.  Grievances in the future will be settled  b.v arbitration. The agreement puts  an end to any possibility of a strike  this  year.  BAKE SHOPS REGULATION.  ���I Bill No. 20, "An Act to Amend the  Shops Regulation Act, 1900," has been  introduced in the Legislature by Jlr.  JlePhillips. It is particularly framed  for the protection of bakers and at  present is being gone into carefully by  these employed in the trade irt this  city. Clause three provides that all  bake shops must be constructed and  kept in a sanitary condition, but noth-'  ing therein prevents cellar or .underground bakeshops to exist, which fact  is most undesirable, especially in a new  country like this, where there is plenty  of room above ground. We believe  that  not  until   cellar  bakeshops  have  Owing to the somewhat backward  spring it is quite noticeable as you  walk along the streets these days to  see tlie large numbers of smokey window panes with their soiled draperies  which would look better in a little soap  were used. .  The telegraph line of the Dominion  Government- recently - constructed in  the "north paid 14 per cent. on:,the investment in 1000.  The number ot Chinese arriving in  Canada during the 12 months ending  June 30th,  1900,  was 4,'23-1.  See that your delegates attend the  meetings of the ..Trades and Labor council. !.'...  If you don'tsupport your labor paper  it cannot help you.  been., abolished will the men's-Health  be safe, or the idea of dirt be dispelled  from the public mind. In Great Britain underground shops will not be allowed to be built, and similar laws hold  good in other countries. Clause seven  prohibits .Sunday work, no employee  shall work more than 12 hours in nny  one day nor more than 00 Im any one  week. The great majority of journeymen bakers hold that a ten-hour day  should be sufficient, seeing that more  'healthful trades only work eight. Also  they think fi" hours n week should  be the minimum, besides a Saturday  hall'-hollday an dthe abolition of night  work. This Is a modest request and  our legislators should support it. Hoys  under 1-1 years of age should not bo  allowed to work In hake shops.  Keep your working card in date.  BAD FOR THE CHURCHES.  So the great Hudson's Bay Company  will accept that cultus coin, the medal  of misery and poverty, known as the  copper, iind sought for by the cheap  Johns. To even up the inllnitesmal  cash piece of the Chinese/with its hole  to string on a stick, should also be  accepted by? this place, the cheapest  institution in more ways than one. in  the city. We know that our rich  "gold producing" province was corporation ridden, but little did we  imagine that so large a concern would  e-ve-iMjeeome��� sheeny��� enough-to^trafflc-  In the me.isley cent.  The report of Mr. .1. C. Soulii, secretary of the. Provincial Society for the  Prevention of Cruelty toAiiimals, shows  that both locally and generally the  society is doing excellent work, und is  fully entitled to all and more than all  , the aid which it now receives from government and private sources. In fact it  can   easily  be shown that the society  WAGES AND HOURS.  The Wages and hours observed in the  engine shops' of this city are as follows:  Lathe.hands, plainers and simpers,  vice hauls and litters, 30 cents an  hour. Jin hours a week, weekly wages  averaging $1.1; overtime, 'time and a  half'from G to 10 p. in.: from 10 p. m.  till 7 a. m. and Sundays, double price.  Drill hands, 25 cents an hour, f>5 hours  a week, weekly average $12; overtime  same as above. '  Machinery and green sand moulders,  J3.2ii n day, ."5 hours a week, averaging  $19.50; overtime price and a half and  Sundays double. -  Pattern ma.kers, 30 cents an hour,  55 hours a week, average $15: overtime, time and a half and double time  on Sundays. .  Unskilled labor. 171-2 cents an hour,  55 hours a week, weekly average $10.  Jlllhvriglits, 32 1-2 cents an hour, fO  hours a week, time and a half for  overtime.  There are no agricultural or tool and  machinery shops in this city.  A Dig Labor Victory-rounders' Association, Representing SI2S.0OO.000 and 400 Shops,  Ends Cleveland Strike-Discharges  Non-Unionists Last Weeks.  The Iron Molders' Union of North  America has recentlydemonstrated that,  no matter how big the trust or extensive its operations, it is powerless without labor and must bow to tbe organization of the workiiigtnan in the end.  Labor i.s therefore the big trust, after  all.  The International Union announce  the practical surrender of the National  I'ounders' Association, an organization  composed of ���IIX) linns nnd employers in  the United States and Canada and representing a capital of ���flL'S.OOO.tXH). The  contest began .Inly I, WOO, iind ended a  week ago last Friday. The light, was  ostensibly for an increase in wages of 10  cents ii day, but was in reality over the  right of the molders to have an organization of their own and to have union  shops.  Although only the unions in Cleveland, Ohio, were directly concerned, the  struggle was anxiously watched by every  employer and workman in the trade in  North America. The two great national  organizations were engaged in a life-Tind-  death combat for supremacy and existence. Peace was brought about by con-  lercnce, arbitration and agreement.  Neither organization will disband; on  the contrary, they will work in complete harmony in future.  Six hundred union iron-molders were  affected by the Cleveland strike and 74  'apprentices. Not a single molder or  apprentice deserted his union in the  long time the? strike lasted. The employers, by advertising far'and wide and  offering extraordinary inducements,  managed to secure o2(i non-union men,  all of whom must be discharged within  a limited time. Many of the employers  did not wait for the expiration of the  period, but paid the non-union men off  last week and let them go.  William A. l'errine, representing the  Iron Moulders' Conference Board of  Greater New York, says that, the increase  in wages of 10 cents a day established  if2.S5 as the minimum' rate. The increase was only paid in May and .luiie,  ami in July-the members in Cleveland  went on strike to have the increase continued. The increase only affected  Cincinnati, Cleveland, Akron, Youngs-  town and Covington. The men have  returned to work at'the former rate of  $2.75 a day, the. increase of 10 cents a  day being left in abeyance until June 3,  when another conference will be held.  Large sums of money were spent by  the association in travelling expenses,  special police and in bonuses to the imported men,-many of them being paid  as high as $4 per day, in addition to.the  standard $2.75 per day.  During the entire strike the Molders'  Union paid regular strike wages of $7  per week to all union men who remained  in the city and did picket duty. About  300 continued to draw strike pay until  the end. The presidents of the two  organizations estimate that the actual  money expended during the strike has  been at least $400,000, while the incidental expenses, loss of time and production are said to reach $(100,000 more.  In addition to this the strike wus attended by the loss of three lives,amongthem  a lieutenant of the city detectives. A  number of non-union men were injured  at various times.  The new agreement is .'in part as follows:  " The National Founders' Association  shall discontinue at once advertising for  or engaging molders for foundries, and  give notices provided in the contracts  for the discontinuing of the bonus, and  the National Founders' Association  agree not. to support any jinembers if  they refuse to comply with the terms of  this agreement. The National Founders' Association will not require over 40  days for the disposition of the men now  employed. As fast as the present ein-  Y'16yi^lSivBT"iTf<lTO}^li  lroni .Molders' Union of North America  agree to have that shop immediately  filled with itsmemhers,audllic foundry-  men agree to-accept, the same to the  number required by the foundrymen in  the operation of their foundries and the  work started; the selection of the nien  to lie left, to the foundryinen. These  men nuiy not of necessity he former employees. That the further adjustment  of wages shall be by means of an agreement negotiated on June 3, 1(101, for one  year thereafter, a,ud shall conform to any  joint resolutions and agreements adopted on that subject."  Three Things of  Importance  Price, Quality and  Assortment  ftnler more largely into the  art of buying than anything  else. If the Price is right,  tlio Quality good, and the assortment complete, buying is  easy. That's what makes  buying goods easy here; The  past year has been a busy one  for us; this year we want to  excel oven our past efforts, to  make this store the headquarters of Dry Goods, Fashion and Economy We  want to make it so pleasant  and economical for you to  trade with us that you'll not  want to go any place else.  We shall strive to give you  the best we can for your  money and we. shall do exactly as we advertise.  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. H. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEALER IS    *���*  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  *lo MnAmx^y &*���/ -C^tJiurw^t/  vfl/  <rr- AtucffatA*  ' /Uttn/ dtftrfiJUjisd,  &P  X Bi�� Blazer  If you  want good dry fir  wood  ring  up Tel. 85!!, or call on the  I'neilic    l'uel    Co.,   D155il   Westminster Avenue.  We invito comparison,  Masscy - Harris iiml Stearns  All SHIES  BICYCLES ALL PRICES  '���-..'   ���' AT-  . ��� .   ���  KENDALL'S, 328 Cordova St  The lu'sl plnce in II. C. to have your  Bicycle repaired..  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRADES AND LABOR  Council, President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, John Crow; secretary, J. C.  Marshall, V. O. Box 159; ilnancial secretary, w. J.' Beer; treasurer, J. Penrey;  statistician. G. White; soYgeant-at-arms,  C. J. Sillier. Parliamentary committee���  Chairman, John Pearey; secretary, 3.  Morton. Meeting���First and third Friday  In each month, at 1.30 p. m., In Union  Hall, cor. Dunsmuir and Homer streets.  NOTICE;-  We are again ottering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Publio Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the conning exam.  Ination with the highest marks in Read*'  Ing, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apiply to the Principals  of the Schools or the undersigned.  The II. B. A. Vogel (loiiimcreial College  P.  O.  Box  M7. Vancouver, B.  C.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos,- consequently. Ave always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited. ,  WE ARE HEADQUARTERS FOR UNION MADE GOODS.  Union Hats, Union Made Overalls and Jumpers, also a  first class Tailoring Department, where only Uuion Labor  is employed.  We guarantee a perfect fit or no sale.  CLUBB & STEWART,  TBAADA M'INBRS' UNION, NO. 113, XV.  F. M.-, meets every Saturday at 7.30 p.m.  In Foresters' hull, Van Anda. President,  M. W. Hewett; vice-president, C. A. Melville; secretary, P. J. Land; P. O. Box  S8S, Van Anda; treasurer, H. V. Price;  conductor, P. Hurt; -warden, John Link-  later.  COOKS, WAITERS AND WAITRESSES'  Union, Local No. IS. President. Chas.  Over; vice-president. XV. XV. Nelson; recording secretary, Jas. H. Perkins; financial secretary, R. J. Loundes; treasurer. Win. Ellender. Meeting every Friday  at S.'iO p. m. in Union Hall, corner Homer  and'Dunsmuir streets.  VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  No 226 meet tlle last Sunday ln each  month at Union hall. President, C. S.  Campbell; vice-president, George Wilby;  secretary, S. J. Gothard, P. O. box ES;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergeant-at-arms.  Andrew Stuart; executive committee, E.  ... Woodruff, S. It. Robb, J. H. Browne.  N. Williams; delegates to Trades and  Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Robt. Todd,  J.  II.   Browne.  STREET RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Saturday ol  each month, in Sutherland Hall, corner.  Westminster avenue and Hastings street  at 8 p. m. President, G. Dickie; vice-president, C. Bennett; secretary, A. G.  Perry; treasurer, H. Vanderwalker; conductor, G. Lenfesty; warden, J. Marshall;  sentinel, F. C. O'Brien; delegates to  Trades and Lalbor Council: John Pearey,  Jas. Barton, Geo. Lenfesty, G. Dickie and  J.   Howes.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B.C���President, John Scott; vice-president, Frank  Black; corresponding secretary, Robert  Trotter; financial secretary, Jas. Jef-  fry. Meets every Monday evening in Union hall.  UNITED BROTHERHOOD OF CAR-  ��� PENTERS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday Jn Union Hall,  room No. 3.* President, Wm. 'P. McKon-  v.ie, <_87 Ninth nvemie;- vioo-prfesident,  Hugh Wilson; recording secretary, A. B.  Collin, 730 Nelson street; financial secretary, H. s. Falconer; treasurer, G-eorgie  Walker; conductor, Jas. Ferguson; .warden, Jos. Dixon; delegates to T. and L.  counedl, Jos. Dixon, Robt. Macpherson,  II. Wilson.  Tr-.l.E-'IIONB "(._>.  1(50 CORDOVA STRKKT.  Amusements.  Hotels.  ��AVOY   THEATRE  Sam NEsnirr Mauager.  Next Week^-^s^rx  SIX���NEW STARS-SIX  IleHdcd  by America's Novelty Gymnasts.  Cole and Cole  introducing their 'sensational double-trapeze  act.  Stanley and Woodward  Minona  Emma Hill  together with our strong company of. -  Vaudeville Stars.  THEATRE R0Y4L  .       '��� (I.ATE   AUIAUHItA.)  \V. It. Lccas, Tilos. Siiaki'....Managers  The"  MfHK EBi  THE PACIFIC COAST SHINGL-EJ  WEAVERS' UNION meets every third  Sunday In each monlh at 3 p. m. In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  street. Robt. Barclay, president; R. E.  Rowe, secretary; box 757, New Westminster. Visiting brethren invited to attend.  INTERNATIONAL ASSOCDVTION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver Lodge. No. 1S2���  Meets second and fourth Wodnesday in  each month in Union Hall. President,  Wm. Beer; corresponding seorotary, E.  Tlrr.mlns, 720 Hamilton street; tinnnoial  secretary, J. H. MoVety, 1211 Seymour  street.  JOURENYMEN TAILORS'1 UNION OF  AMERICA, No. 17S-*_eets alternate  Mondays In room 1, Union Hall. President. F. Williams; vide-presldent, Miss  Graham; recording secretary, H.'O. Bur-  rltt; 'ilnancial secretary, Tremalno Best;  treasurer, C. B. Neilson; sergeant-at-  arms, J.  Daoust.  Seymour Streeet,  The Queen's funeral  Searchlight   Moving    Picture   Company.  The Standard Canadian Pianos  THE- GERARD HEINTZMAN."  THE BELL, THE  The Standard Knglish Instruments  THE BR0ADW00D, THE BRINSMEAU.  THE GOLLARD .8 COLLARD.  All tlie above nt  BOULT'S   MUSIC   STORE,  310 Granville Street, Opposite P. 0.  All Musical Supplies.       ?  Under the auspices of the Duke of  Connaught's Regiment.  Full band   in  atteiidiince  for seen  nights  commencing  SATURDAY   MARCH   30.  Popular prices, _!5e, '.!>(. and 50c.  The Best Dressers ?n Town  I'ATE.O.VIZP.  The Pioneer  Steam Laundry  Because they get sntisfaction.  WHITE HELP ONLY EMPLOYED.  IX jr.'STli.VAK'J.V Pitoi-itiBTOit.  l'uo.N'K 'M0.      910 to UU Hicii.Mtns St.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters for the engineering trade    .  in Vuneouver.  CH0I0EST<-!=i5>  ^Liquoirs'%lnclTigars7  >���   * .  First-class rooms from 50 cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  VICTORIA. (TIRADES AND LAiBOK  Council meets every alternate Wednesday at 8 p. m. In Sir "William Wallace  hall. President, W. M. Wilson; vice-president, Jas. Tagg; corresponding secretary,  J. D. MoNlven, P. O. ibox 302, Victoria;  recording and financial secretary, A. S.  Emery; Treasurer, A. Hay; sergeant-  at-arms,1 T. Masters. :  THE VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday .in each month in Union Hall. President, Goo. Bartley: first vice-president.  Ceo. Wilby; second vlce-prteldent, T. H.  Cross; recording secretary, L. D.Taylor;  financial secretary, John Pearey; statistician, H. Williamson.  VANCOUVER FISHERMEN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets in Lnbor Hall, Homer  street, every first and third Saturday in  end. niontli at S p. m. Alex. Bruce, presl-  dor.t; Mr. Cadey. secretary. P. O. Iiox 201.  JOIJRNBVMElX. BAKBRS- AND CONFECTIONERS' INTERNA'L- Union of  America, j-ocaj, No. 4��: Vancouver,��� B. C.  ���PrcSidentr^Jn'sr^WobSler;���vice-president,���  R. F. 'McDonald: recording secretary,  Win. 1-1. Barnes; corresponding secretary,  P. Rawllng, !.!0 Granville street, room 10:  financial secretary, C. .7. Salter. 413 Powell  street; treasurer. XV. Wood; master-at-  arms, P. Moyles: delegates to Trades and  Labor Council, C. J. Salter and F. Raw-  ling.  o  o  . . MAKK.H AftPKCIALTY OK . .  Dewor's special liqueur, also ��� ���  usner's biqck Loaei Liqueur wnisky  -LA KGE STOCK OK���  IMrORTEI) AND DOMESTIC  Cigars.  R. B. Mulligan it Co., Props.  COllNKR COimOVA AND COllUM,.  COlt. SEYMOUR AND COIIDOVA ST3  (near C. 1' K. Stiitlon.)  Fino old English Ale, Stout nnd Beer;  best old Scotch mid Irish whlskv; do*  mestic mid imported Cigars, tverr-  thing up to the handle.  The best Cough Cure is  << BIG 4 "  have you tried it?  BROTH .���.RHOOD OF PA.IN'IMCRS AND  DKCORAfPORS: l.oeal,.l'nlon No. 13i>.  .Meets every Tuesday In'Litbor Hall. President, W. Pavler; vice-president, 13.  Crush; roc. See, C. Plnder. 17ffi! Hightli  Avenue, Palrvlew; financial secretary, XV.  Hallldity, Elesinere House: treasurer, H.  MeSorley; trustees, C. Irwin, B. Cross  anil W. Cole.  SlirPCARPISNTERS AND CALKERS  Association meets the first and third  Thursday In each month In Union hall.  Clifford Angus, president; George Smllh,  vice-president; Wm. MeCormack, vice-  president; J. G. Garvin, secretary; Fred.  McAlplne, treasurer; Levi Wlicaten, sergeant-at-arms.  AM'A I_C!AMIATI5D SOCI lO'l'FcVF "cATtl  PI0NTKRS & JOINERS, Vancouver, 1st  brunch, meets every alternate Tuesday,  in room No. 2. Labor Hall. President, J.  Davidson: secretary, J. T. Bruce, 52S Harris   streot.  I.IUARMAKIOI'S'   UNION.   NO   '.57.���  .Meets   the   llrst    Tuesday    In    each  niontli   in   Union    hull.'   President,   A.  Kneliel;   vice-president.    C.    Crowder;  Seuretury, G. Thomas, jr., IIS Cordova  .street West; treasurer, S. XV. Johnson;  sergeant-at-arms, ��� J./W.   Brat:    delegates to Trades and Labor Council, J.  Ciow, F. Jost, A. Kochel.  Boom the Blue Label.  Boom all labels.  >ifl SATURDAY. MARCH 30. 1801  TUE INDEPENDENT;  PEN PICTURE OF HOMESTEAD.  -.Spahr's Comment of the Slavery There  ���Conditions in the Mills.  Chas. B. Spahr, in his interesting  book, "America's Working People," relates graphically some of the things lie  saw and heard In the Carnegie*works.  Mr. Spahr admires the managers of the  works, he even eulogizes them, hut he  comments upon the manner In which  the men do their work.   He says:  "They  were cheerless almost  to  the  point of sullenness.     When    the   men  looked  at  us  It  was  rarely With   the  look of pride or contentment with their  wages or cordial feeling Inward those  over them;  yet the work was full of  responsibility, tlie  wages   were -.high,  and  the inanagfii's singularly elllclent.  The sullen attitude, Indeed, was absolutely 'Intangible, and when* my escort  said that he had not observed it, thire  was really nothing that I could  point  to as evidence.   When, however, 1 left  .the  works,  and   took  my  lodgings  In  the  town  of  Homestead,    where    the  workmen  could  explain  themselves,  I  found that the Impression I had giiln-  . ed was the only one that had been possible.    1 had  now entered an  entirely  different realm.    Here the atmosphere  was at  times hen.vy  with disappointment and  hopelessness.    Somo  of the  men seemed afraid to talk.'   Even the  Catholic priest���to  whose class  1  nin  accustomed  to go for fair statements  of tlie  relations of men  to  their employers���was    unwilling  to  make any  statement.      The  absence  of   freedom  resembled that of the small mining villages In the eastern part of the stale.  * * * If all that I saw while with the  managers of the Carnegie works might  be    described    under    the    title    of  'Triumphant1 Democracy,'    nearly   all  that I saw while with the men might  be described under the title of "Feudalism Restored!' "  The Slavery of Homestead.  Mr. Sphar.'comments upon  the constant reduction  of wages    since  the  famous strike  of  IS92,  the  hatred   of  ���the men for the company, the absence  ..of freedom even among the small merchants dependent upon the workers for  trade, and notes that the real grievances of tho men "were the long hours,  the  Sunday  labor,    the    strain  under  -which  they   were  compelled   to   work,  ;and above all���or rather the basis of  it all���the want of freedom to organize.  "Nobody in Homestead dared openly to  Join a trade union.   The president said,  without   reserve,   that   he   would   discharge any man for this offense,  and  the men all understood that this was  the foundation principle of the present  order.   So fur as I. could see, no secret  union had yet grown up.    *   *   .*.  The  union   movement,   to   all   appearances,  ���was dead except in  the hopes of  the  workmen.    *    *  .*  -Some of  the  men  I met did not wish to be connected with  trade unions.  Hut there was not one  of them but regarded  the loss of the  right   to  organize    as a restriction  of  freedom."  Worn Out at Forty.  Mr.  Spahr relates  his  meeting Tom  ��� Crawford,  who   was  an  active  leader  in the '92 strike, and who spoke freely  of conditions  in'the  mills.    Crawford  asked:    '.'After -.working twelve hours,  ���;.how can a,man go to a library?" and  spoke  of  himself  as   getting   too? old  now,"  thought he was just thirty-six.  Mr. Spahr expressed  his dissent from  this  view,  but  Crawford  replied:     "I  don't know any roller over forty.   If I  can  keep  it  up  four  years   longer.  I  /shall own ray own house, and be able  .to; quit'independently.    I have  known  .old'rollers, but they are all gone.   An  old  man  cannot  be anything    but    a  sweeper."    Mr. Spahr continues: "This  .observation  agreed   pretty   well    wfth  what.  I myself had seen In  the mills,  nnd,  when   I   referred  to it in  talking  with  the  oflieial  of  the  Illinois  Steel  .Company, a week later, he practically  -^eon firmed-!ti--H-is-possiblo,--therefore,-  thal the "increase of production" that  seems   to   come   from    men    working  twelve hours a day Is more' than lost  through   enforced   idleness   at  middle  .age.      Moderate  work  might  produce  more material goods���as well as healthier   and    bettor   men���than   excessive  work till  even  forty-live,  followed  by  protracted old age of partial Idleness  and frequent dependence."  burg. Mr. Carnegie knows this, and  maybe it is because of that knowledge  that he seeks to ease his conscience by  providing a fund to relieve those whose  lives are wrecked in his service.  Whether or no, no act of his can mitigate the injustice of the system that  makes possible such a condition of affairs as exists in Ihe mills that bear  his name.  CUTTING WAGES.  In tlie boat building business the  slate of trade is reported quiet. The  Union Steamship Company appears to  lie trying to cut wages. At Its work  now going on at Wallace's yard, foot  of Granville street, non-union joiners  are paid but $3 a day. The joiners employed by the Vancouver Coast-Line  Steamship Company on the steamer  Saga received Jtf.GO a day, and the shipwrights $4.50.  SATURDAY SNAPS.  To-day we are offering special values  In  men's  pants.   See    the    unteui-able  tweed  pants, price $1.75 a pair.   Boys'  overalls, sizes 22 to.'30, only 25c a pair.  Store open to-night until 11 o'clock.  DONALDSON & MATHEWS,  Clothiers, Hatters, Etc., 74 Cordova St  From the; few straggling pointers to  hand regarding the proposed agreement  between  the City and  the Stave Lithe  Power .Company  we  are  reminded  of  the story where an Indian and a white  man were to divide their game after a  day's  hunting.    The  white  man   said  to  the   Indian:    "You , take  the goose  and I'll tnke the turkey; or, I'll take  the turkey, and you take the goose."  Mr. Indian said:   "Humph!   white man  all   time  want  turkey."    In   this deal  the new company are after the turkey,  and the people���well, as usual, will get  it in the neck.   Tlio fact in a nutshell  is that Vancouver should'awn its lighting plant the same as its waterworks,  and  any profits  made  shftuld  go into  the city treasury nnd not in  the coffers   of  a private  company,   who  are  not in  the business for their health's  sake.  Some people simply look on Bourassa  as a pacemaker for Laurier, and that  his motions are brought in to give that  gentleman  an  opportunity  to make  a  reply to which the whole Empire listens.    Whether this  is so or not that  is    its    effect, and  the galleries  were  thronged with people expecting to hear  Laurier's reply, and not particularly to  hear  Bourassa.-    The  Premier did  his  turn   most admirably.-The  leader  of  tlie Opposition charged strongly against  Bourassa.     The   Opposition    members  forced a division, the'result being that  the  resolution    in  favor    of  peace  in  South Africa was defeated by Ml to 3  votes. Then somebody led off.ivith "God  Save the King," and the whole assembly worked that oft.���Winnipeg Voice.  John Burns, who represents labor in  the English Parliament, is a descendant of Robert Burns, the poet. He will  ntroduce a bill to tax land values in  the present session. John Burns is a  Scot, though born in London. He has  educated himself, and worked himself  up from being a working engineer to  his present position as one of the most  trusted and most generally respected  public men in England. As a labor leader, he is perhaps the most influential  in the world. He Is a born orator, and  a clear and honest thinker, and no man-  in the House of Commons is listened to  with greater respect by all parties.  SOCIALISM  IN  THE PULPIT.  "The Pope and Socialism"  was the  subject of Rev.  J.  W. Pedley's    discourse    in    Western,   Congregational  Church, Toronto, on a recent Sunday.  Mr. Pcdley (formerly of Vancouver) is  a progressive clergyman,  who  is  not  afraid to take an advanced stand on  social questions, and there arc too few  of his kind.    In  the course of his remarks he stated that he was ti Socialist so far as lie understood the question, and considered it a most significant fact that the movement known ns  "Socialism"  had  reached  the  Vatican.  The Pope has issued an address on the  subject,    lt is noteworthy as- emanating from hlni,  and as indicating  the  widespread Vnlluenee of the Socialistic  movement.   Tlie Pope's address is worthy of attention, because he represents  a great church,  and  because he  is a  learned and good man.   The language  of the Encyclical Is clear and definite,  and is a denunciation of Socialism.  This opposition is not surprising to  any student of history.    It Is a simple  historical  fact  that the  Christian  church  has  always   been slow   to  respond   to   popular  movements.    Illustrations  might   lie   cfted.      Scientific  discoveries have been met with antagonism.      Galileo,   Newton,   Columbus,  Darwin,   have  had   a  rude   reception,  not  from   Christianity,   but  from   the  church.    It is in tho nature of things  foi- organizations to become conservative, and  the church is no exception.  It opposed the abolition of slavery.   It  stood  in  the  way  of factory  legislation.   To-day it regards Socialism with  fear.   The tendency of the church has  always been to keep clear of all progressive movements until they become  popularized.   Then it steps in and pronounces the benediction.   Progress has  come  from outside.     Luther   had    to  get out.     So had Wesley.   The church  grieves over sin, but gets excited over  heresy.   Socialism is attacked because  it  opposes governments  nnd  churches  as they are organized to-day.  What is this Socialism? Speaking  generally, it is a protest against the individualism which has run mad in  church and state and Industry. Luther in the church, Houssenu In "the  state, and Adam Smith in industry,  emphasizing individualism. But the  pendulum swung far, and now comes  back. Union in church, state control  in government, and combinations in  the world of industry are among the  signs of. the'times.  Was Christ a-Soeialist? Yes,- but  He said happiness was not conditional  upon environment, while Socialists  sny: "Make conditions right and men  will then be able to do right." Jesus  emphasized the Internal rather than  the external. Socialism holds the key  to the future, and hundreds of years  hence the Pope's successors will live  in a civilization made better by Social  ism.���Citizen and Country.  UNION OXGiAR 5*AjCTOB__ES.  Folio wine is a. list of the Union oigar factories in Burnish OodumlbBa. w<ho  use .bhe blue lalbefl:  W. Tletjen, No. '1���DivislJon No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kuntz & Oo. NO. 2���pivialon No. 68,  Vancouver.  Inland Oigar Manufacturing Company, No. 3���Division No. 3S, KiamlooipS.  B. Wilberg & Co., No. '-J>lv_s"on No.  3S, New \Vot.tim.n_iter.  T. WoxMUouk, No. fi���Division No. 38,  Vancouver.  Kotawna SliijxperB' Unton Company,  No. S���Division No. 38, Keljowna.  'Wirlgtht Bros, No. 9���Division No. 38,  Roswland.  Kootenay Ctesi/r JranuiCaoturlng Oom-  piany, No. 10���Division No. 38, Netebn.  Iloiins & Johnson, No. 2���Dlvirfon No,  37, Vietorta.  il. Rariuloy, No. 5���Ddvllsion No. 37,  Victoria.  Isfand Cigar PaWfiary, S. Norman, No.  G���Dtvlision No. 37, "Wdtoria.  iprovilnoe Oigar Oo., No. 7���Division  No. 37, Victoria.   .  A. St*witfte,r & Sons, No. S���Division  No. 37, Victoria.  P. Gable, No. 9���Division N>o. 37, Nanaimo.  J. Lory, No. H���Oivtelon No. 37, Victoria.  ill. J. Booth, No. H�����ivteion No. 37,  Nanaimo.  O. G. Bclfonsen���Division NV>. W, Victoria.  T. F. Gold, Capitol Cigar Factory,  No. 12, Victoria, B. C.  I  The Favorite Smoke I-  --%>a  Union men smoke tlie Earl of Minto Cigar.  Why? Because it is Union Made.  e<a*-  _   Turner, Beeton & Co.  Wliolenule.AuentH  vancouvuk; victoria, nblson, b. c  V. O. BOX 200. "PHONE 179.  w. j. McMillan # Co.,  Wj-OLKSAl.E   AfSBNTS KOI!  TUCKET CIGAR CO. UNION LABEL CIGARS  BmndH: r  MONOGIUM, MARGUERITA,    '      BOUQUET,  OUR SPECIAL, EL JUST1LLO,  ��� ���EL CONDOR, SARAXTIZADOS,       'SCHILLER,  Corner Alexander Street and Columbia Avenue, Vnncouvcr, B. C  MARKET QUOTATIONS.  Vancodvek, March 10,1000.  (Corrected by Foran Bros., grocers, 344  Carrall street.]  A Socialistic Temple, the first in the  United States, was opened recently in  the little edifice at 120 Western avenue,  Chicago, III., which was once the  chapel of the Calvary Episcopal church.  The unusual sensation of having a  meeting place exclusively their own attracted Socialists from all over the  clty._!ind_the_uisles_and_siii!ill_vei.tiliul_e  were crowded. The opening exercises  were simple, and after the selection ot  F.-'O. Strickland as the presiding officer, Professor G. D. Merron ga.ve a  lecture, on the fundamental principles  of sociology.  The number of men in Winnipeg today looking for jobs and finding none,  and the number working for a wage  that barely keeps body and soul together is a shame and disgrace as well as  a danger (so far ns It represents a  wide-spread condition) to the structure  of society.���Winnipeg Voice.  A company* Is being organized in Detroit to handle an invention that is expected to revolutionize the art of telegraphy. By this invention it is claimed that messages can be sent in the  exact handwriting of the sender, and  maps and pictures transmitted with  etiual accuracy.  Flour���  Manitoba Hungarian, sack,  50 lbs    f 1 35    @ f 1 35  Grain-  Chicken Wheat, 100 lbs.'     J 75    @    175  Ollts, ton... ....'25 00 26 00  Bran, ton  22 00  Shorts, 1 ton..  20 00  Feed���  Hay, ton    12 00 * @  14 00  Sugar-  Sugar, Sack      5 75 5 75  Vegetables-  Potatoes, 100 lbs .;     125  ��������    135  Turnips, 100 lbs... .-.       65  Onions, lb  5  Cabbage, lb  3y.     '       4  Cctery, 12 bunebs        20" 30  Farm Produce-  Eggs, doz. fresh        25 -   @     30  Eggs Case, ManitobR, doz..    ,20  Butter, Creamery, prints....       SO ������������':       35  Butter, Creamery, in tubs lb       27    .28  Butter, Dairy;" prints        20- 25  Butter, Dairy, in tubs, lb....       22  Cheese, Ontario, lb        15 15  Cheese, Manitoba, lb.old...       15  I.ard. lb        15 15  Lard 3-lb. pails        45 45  Lard 8-lb. pails        70 70  I.ard 10-lb. palls     14. 140  Lard 20-lb pails     2 75 2 90  Fruit-  Apples, local, box        75 125  Oregon Apples, Box     2 00 2 20  Vernon Apples; box     175 175  Oranges, doe        20 30  Lemons, doz.'.        10 15  Japan Oranges, Box        35 45  Bananas, doz .....'  '..       30 35  [Corrected  by  Wide Awake   Butcher  Shop,  Corner Hamilton and Georgia Streets.  - Meats���        ' A  Beef, Boiling, lb.............        8     @  '���   Corned, lb..'...'  S 10-  Steaks, lb        10 IS  Boasts,,lb        10 18  Pork, Roast,1 lb  12J.it  ������   Chops, lb  viy.  Mutton, tegs, lb '. 18  "     Loin, lb  15  "      Chops, lb  15  Sausages, lb  121*;  Hams, lb  10%  Ham, Sliced, lb....        18  Bacon, Sliced, lb.* ���'..'...       20 20  ������    Side.lb        18  "    Roll, lb  n%  Veal, lb  8 18  Fish-  Halibut, lb   Cod, lb   Herring; lb   Salmon, lb   Smoked Fish, lb,.  The Union Label Scores  Another Success.       ffflSSf  ^^Jr^S *�����*_ ^po'w����-. 4��P' -jssiS^B  UNION"LABEI*   B�� 'gar* tfaM " King: Qa-Uit/1' ii *_r��nd-d oi your  mtuu ptrfeotfjUlsfaotion.  Made by THK J. D. KING CO., Limited, Toronto  Greenleea Brothers  LORNE, RARE OLD and  Q. B. LflQUEUR WBIESKIES  Are now asked for in Preference  to anij other brand.  J.    K.    MECREDY,    Sole   Agent,  Telephone   899,  Arcade   V��i_iHb,   Cumbie   Street.  THERE IS  DANCER  of Fire or Injury to  Health when you use  the  ELECTRIC  CANADIAN m  :*^:.-yPiHC:itii:'  10  10  5  15  12K  To cure la grippe Inside of 48 hours  take FLINT'S BROMO GRIHPE  OURE. Guaranteed. 25c. box at McDowell, A'tWns, Watson Co.  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  It has been suggested that when the  proposed new library building is erected that a department of lt be equipped  us a school of mines. This 'matter  should tit'once. be., taken up by the  Library Board.  "A combination of the lumber mills of  (he yellow pine districts of Virginia,  North Carolina'.mid-Maryland is being  formed,  the capital  to be ��50,000,000.  ...\1CI3DS'A. PENSION FUND.  The New York People says thnt .Mr.  Carnegie prolmbly realizes better than  any other living ninn, the urgent necessity for nn endowment fund for superannuated' and disabled - employees.  It would take many more mlllloiui than  ho has given to provide relief for tlie  thousands who are crippled and malm-.'  ed in the task of producing the. wealth  with which Carnegie helps to build  libraries. The conditions existing Tn  the Carnegie steel works are unparalleled in their atrocity in other similar  works in the world. Carnegie's philanthropy is the result of broken bones,  of bloodshed, of Inhuman, excruciating suffering on tiie part of the work-.-  ..era in the great steel mills near Pitts-  UN.ION BA.K-ERTES.  <W. V. _\luir, Mount Pleasant.  !W. Murnvy, Prior street,  (Montreal 'Hnkery. Westminster avenue.  ���K. Adams, Scotch .Bakery, Hastings  street.' ���   ,  W. D. Kent. .*i�� Conlovn street.  .1. Oben. Hastings street.'  Allnchen Co., Ornn'vllic street.  Unrnwell Urns., Granville street.  'Largen .t Tupper, Granville street.  Pay up your subscription to the Independent, dt d'oes not cost you much  and you should not hesitate about giving your support readily to a labor paper.   -.  FLINT'S BROMO GRIPPE CURE,  never falls to. completely cure o. cold'  within 24 hours. Gives instant ivlief���  guaranteed, your, .nroney back. 25c.  box. at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  UNION* BARBER SHOPS.  The following is a complete list of  union barber shops in Vancouver.   Is  your barber on the list?  Elite barber shop, Hastings street.  Bon    Ton    barber   shop,    Hastings  street.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Harvle & Ellis, Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Smalley's    BJirber'   Shop,    Cordova  street.  Boulder  Barter Shop,  Cordova and  Carrall streets.  The Whittler  Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.  Oyster   Bay   Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street.  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east. ���  O. EMcOuttoliedii, ibaitber shop, Pender  street..  'Army and Navy (Oscar Heyilandt)���  Granville -street, -under Trorey's.  ���3. II. Stevens, Mount 'Pleasant.  Layfield's Old Stand.  Newest  and   Best  Clothing  Store in Vancouver.  EVERYTHING TO CLOTHE MEN AND BOYS  Closed at 6 o'clock, except  on Saturdays.  70 CORDOVA STREET.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Streets.  Black Lang-  shang Pullets  and Cockerels.  _Stoek_took..Fi_st-Prizc-!it-l'X'0-Poi!ltry   Show nt Vancouver.   Price J2 upwitrds.  Eggs $1.50 per 13.  Brockton Point    .TO    T)     T/wncs  Lighthouse.        >��.  V.  JOlsES  [I  $00  PACIFIC  LINE  World's  Scenic  Route  LOWEST RATES. BEST SERVICE.  To nil points in Canada and the United States.  THE FASTEST AND BEST EQUIPPED TEADI  CROSSING THE CONTINENT.  SAIUXU FOB JAPAN AND CHINA.  Empress of China February 25th  Empress of India ��� March 25t__  Empress of - Japan,  .April 15th.  nnd every four weeks thereafter.  SAILING FOR HONOLULU AND AC-THALIA.  Warrimoo  .March 8th  Miowcrn April 6th,  Aornngi -. May 3rd,  nnd every four weeks thereafter.  For further particulars as to time rates etc.,  apply to  E. J. COYLE, JAMES SCLATER,  A. G. P. A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, B. C. 428 Hastings St.,  Vancouver, B. 0  When in Want  of  .   J. D. Murray, Proprietor of  Slewton's Bakery  Will ilulivor lirwul in any part, of  Viuii'Oiivur ut 26 loaves for One  Dollar.  Prior Street. Telephone 5H7.  Printing  Call at  Tbe  Independent  312 Homer St.  Blunt & Poster. Hastings street.  A.Murray, Westminster avenue.  .Morgan,?Tlie Tailor, Granville street.  Dan Stewart, Cordova, street.  Club'b & Stewart, Cordova- street.  W. Murphy, Cordova street.  /MaR'ao.& ���McDonald, IlasilnffS street,  eaat.  .1. B. Sheering, Cambie street.  E. Farron, Hastings street. *  A. Clement, Hastings street.  J. CarreHI, Cordova street.  Gimon & Co., Cordova street.  Why do you cough  when .��' BIG 4  COUGH GURE " will cure you.  From Tlielr Kanalino, Southlleld and  l'roiui'tloii Island Collieries,  Steam,  Gas  and  House Coal  Of the Following Grades:  inouljle Screened Lump,  Run of tlie Mine,  WnHl-iecI Nut nnd  Screening*.  SAMUEL M. ROH1XS, Superintendent.  EVAN'S, COLEMAN* A EVAN'S, Agents,  Vnncouvcr City, B. C.  A recent cough or cold that " BIG  4 COUGH CURE" will not cure is not  worth curing. THE INDEPENDENT.  Saturday:  ..march 30,1901  I  DRIFTWOOD.  Built niul run by Luc Vernon.  Business rooms Any old ylnee.  _fcXliiori.il room ..Whcruvcr my rent is paid.  (Fiei'es wnshed upby the tide, boomed,sawed,  ���put and piled for ihe perusal mid pus time of  Eaid-up hubiferluor!*, also for those who. beg,  orrow ami steal The Independent in order  that they may enjoy u little sunshine as they  Journey through this Vale uf leans.]  Our itleauf iifusulyt  funny stork-*- out loud,  : bore Is one who read*  It hikes but Utile capital for a man to be i  beio in the eyes of a ^Irl who loves Mm,  Kit her people want to be fooled or many of  them du not euro whether they are right or  wrong* ���"'.���!*  That settles it. A corset eompnny hits got  llns. ileKlnley to eiidoi>o (heir corset. The  next tbhur we expeot tu read is that I'rcshlent  Ale Kinky of the fnited M tales luu endorsed a  porous plaster. a  A great many womeitaud men go ton funeral  just for effect. They no more euro for the dead  person they follow than if ihe hearso contained a dog ot;a eat,  In a family row last Sunday night on a certain street in Vancouver, the "Clod Bless Our  .Home" motto was knocked down and broken.  When a wife insists on eating onions and  sleeping with the bedroom window shut it  i* ho uul be good grounds for a divorce. When a  woman has to sleep with a whiskey breath that  it. frequently tut mud wilh onions, garlic and  litnburger, it is a better ground for divorce.  Hid you ever notice thai it takes a great deal  longer to bury u rich man than a poor man?  A poor man is put under the ground very  quickly, while tt takes a lot of red tape to phint  n rich man. Hut then death evens all, the body  of the millionaire is Justus sweet a morsel to  the grave worm as the body of the pauper.  When a business man states that people don't  read u weekly paper he is talking through his  hat. Witli his permission we will demonstrate  that people do read a weekly paper. For in  Btaucewewill publish that he ran away with  another man's wife, and in less than 2-1 hours  overy woman in town will say, "Just as I expected. 1 always thought as much; 1 never did  fancy his ways, aud his wife is to be congratulated that she is rid of him." Yes, the people  rend the  weekly paper and  that paper is Tin;  INDEPENDENT.  ..'   Boer De Wet!   Boer Dq Wet!  ?You are blinded to a fault;  You are raising up a barrier  *    Your ambitions cannot vault!  If you'll join with us for freedom,  Then the lofty heights you scan  Will be yours,.with all the glory;  You can be a councilman.  Sad.  .   ������.. ".y'  Jack and jill walked up the hill  A pushing in front their tandem;  Jack aud Jill Hew down the hill,  And smashed  into a pile of stones, and  there  wasn't enough  left of either of 'em  to  write a poem about, so we had to leave it.  It's Fate, Anyway.  Dressed in his best suit of. clothes, with his  hands deep in the pockets of his new, swagger,   ,w.   spring ovorcout, he passes oh Cordova street a   man afterwards.  man distributing handbill*.    Very   politely,' *   ���*'-- !-'-  : but without taking his hands out, he says to the  distributor: "Thank you kindly, my friend.  But will you have the goodness to throw it on  the sidewalk yourself?"  preveut it from getting soiled. Next week I  suppose she'll make a calico cover to protect  the linen. 0,1 tell you women havo great big,  fertile minds." And lighting a cigar he walked  away.  1 have heard of the couple that was married  sixty years and never spoke a cross word to  ench other, ltut if a couple who have been  married three months or over iu these up-to-  date times, will take the witness chair aud  solemnly swear that not a ero.ss word hns been  spoken, since they were married, I will present  Ihu young married wife with a brand new  baby's nursing bottle.  Tired of Helng tu l'rlnt."  " Mr. llluke," said his wife, "if I remember  rightly you have often said thai you disliked  to fee a woman constantly getting herself into  print V"   . ,,  "I do," said lUake, positively;  "You coupler it unwomanly and indelicate,  I believeV"  " Very."  "Ami you ilon'i.sco how nny mun couhl allow  his wife to ilo iiuyltiliiK of the killit Y"  " Yes, 1 lliink mi now."  "Well, Mr. l>lal;c, ill view of nil thu fuels in  tliu ease, I fool justified in asking you for a  ncw'.'-llk.dress."  "A new silk ilress?"  " Yes, for thu lust eight years I have had  nothing lietler tlinii Uvuiily.yiinls-for-ii-ilolhir.  etilieo, mnl I want something belter. I'm tireil  of (jelling into i"i-iul.'��  A I'uir of rums.  i'jints nre lmule for men niul not for women.  Women ure muilc fin- men ami not for joints.  When a niiin punts for ti woman aiul'woiuun  punts for a inuii, they are a pair of punts. Such  pants don't lust. Tunis are like molasses���they  are thinner in hot weather anil tiiickur in eolil.  Men are often mistaken in pants, sueh mis-  tukes are breeches of promise. There has been  much discussion whether punts is singular or  plural. Seems lo us when men wear punts it is  plural, and wheii Ihey don't ?\venr pains it is  singular. .Men go on a luar in their pants, ami  it is alt right, when tiie [mills go on a tear it is  all wrong. If you want to make pants last,  make the coin lirst���Unknown Exchange.  About Alcohol.  The term alcohol is used iu a general kind of  a way hy abstainers to denote all and every  sort of potable iluiU which contains u trace of  alcohol, save what ure culled tempcruuee  drinks. They ure all "of the devil," some ab-  slniners will tell you. This is simply a hideous uutruth; there is us much difference between raw-gruin uud over new Scotch or Irish  whiskey, or the Frenchman's maddening ab-  siuthe, und the genuine article of higli-cluss  wines us there is between health and sickness.  As for teinperancu drinks, it should be remembered that many, ii not all of them, contain us  much alcohol as the poor man's beer, liu'l tlie  luttcr drunk with honest breud und cheese  makes a nourishing meal. 1 huve tried it und  know just what 1 am suyiug. No total abstain-  cr out of the lunatic usylum would dure to say  that there is any nourishment in the vile  decoctions sold a fetes under the name of temperance drinks. Lime-juice or lemon-juice  with water makes a very cool drink in summer  but even this is, in nine cases out of tei "  tored with potato spirit to make it keep. The  man who can pass through life and never abuse  stimulunts has a greater chance of long life  than uny liie-long ' abstainer. Moreover he is  seldom a fraud, and never a Pharisee. The reformed drunkard���lie, I mean, who has been  "plucked like a brand from the burning," as  teetotal lecturers phrase it���is seldom a healthy  lie mopes, he languishes, and  fashioned associateof childhood has been hanging on the ragged edge for some time, due to  the licrce competition of tlie paper tablet.  The savants are now dealing it the linul blow,  and it is destined to disappear. It lias been  discovered thai the slate is productive of ills-  ease. Some time ago tlie Ohio state board of  health declared that sponges aud slates iu  schools was the breeders of throat discuses und  a menace lo child health, and on its rcuonmioit-  datiou the Canton school board did away Willi  these articles in public schools. Canton paro-  chiu! schools followed und tublets uud lead  pencils arc How used instead. Health ollicer  Dr. W. A. It. Teniiey, ul Cincinnati, highly up.  proved of tlio action of the Uuiiton olliclals and  said, al llie lime, Hint il would |.u good for  other schools to do the same. That the slate is  productive of ailments has never been denied,  aud the wonder is thai il should he regarded as  such a new discovery. Any man whu>e boy.  hood wus developed on right principles will  readily recall where the making uf u few gro-  lest|Ue marks mi a slate ami labeling llicin  "Icacher" has been productive of large, red,  painful anil promiscuous wells, lumps, mid  marks on the body of Hie artlsl. Likewise he  will recall Hun the making oi a few grotesque  marks containing a couple of idg eyes near Ihe  lop purl, u wide mouth neur ihe lower purl,  uud n bulging nose in the centre, llie whole  surmounted by a few wild huirs, labelled "you"  and held itp during school hours, before a boy  across the aisle, has resulted at recess in cor-  lain discolorations of the eye, barking of stilus  and scratches around the nose, it has even  been known to produeea violent atlaek of nose  bleed. Yes, the slate is uuhealthful. It Is nil]  of germs, mid germs are the must tenacious  things in life, or olse they would ull have'been  jolted .to death long ago by the dropping of  those same slates on the desks ut inopportune  moments. The germs hove survived llie nerves  of ti host of worthy people, who .worked hard in  order tbut they might get a certificate and  witness tlie daily test of endurance of slates.  A paper tablet niuy be more wholesome, and it  niity be more dignified, hut the pupils of coming generations will never experience that  wild joy of a screaking pencil on a fruincless  slate' What will serve lo cultivate tlie habit of  expectoration so characteristic of the true  schoolboy, if tlie slate is lobe removed from  the public schools? Kven the heels of chubby  lists will he guiltless uf tliulgriiniticss secured  only by inunipulutliig n wet sponge on a slute.  There are some things to regret iu this proposed  dreyfusing of the common, everyday slute, but  it is apparent that the slate is to go. Will the  politicians also lake notice'.' '���  ���I.uk Vernon.  uccuiuea I'uuv.ut. ...... ......... j....���, a  his fellow-men, if they _do not follow his  When a woman drowns her home in suds,  Her husbund feels despair; '���:  8he roots out such a lot of duds  She thinks he ought to wear,  In a cemetery in Arizona at the grave of a  merchant who failed in business nnd blew his  brains out, the following stanza is printed on  fell board? tombstone in slcnpil plate letters;  Just a* little fubtef stamp,?  Just a stingy man;  .Now he's out of business  He couldn't make it pan.  , It is ioointlibii liiaxliil itidi history' repeats  ltselfj.it is iiuitc lis, Vrut iiut less understood,  that life r'epca'.i . itself from generation to  generation. Tlie meanness that bus been for-  gottou, the lie that was too small to be remembered, the impurity, the hatred, the skepticism  that we think are hidden deeply in our heart-,  only lie fallow,, possibly to bear fruit in our  sons and daughters. "Whatever we sow, we  shall roup." This makes life a problem of tremendous importance. But the fact that what  we sow others uiuy reap, eomplicutes our responsibilities, and makes us not only the arbiter  ? of our own destinies, but the prophets, for weal  or for woe, of those who come after us. The  science of life should be luught in our public  schools.  suddenly transformed from a sot to a saint is  too often a saint of the worst order - an ill  natured Pharisee.  Not a Ghost of a Chance.  Recently-jt has been intimated that It might  I'ecouw _o.sUiQ_ial.lo W agalu believe in ghosts.  This information cannot be correct. Ghosts  have had their midnight. Ghosts, however  supernatural they may have been, huve become extinct for the very natural reason that  they did not have any enterprise. The same  law which permits nothing to stand still affected even the shadowy ghosts.  Thoy choose to  in the silk industry alone, while in tho neighborhood of St. Gall CO per cent, of tho embroidery machines are kept running in the homes.  Another canton reports that more .than half of  its l'J.OOfi straw philters occupied with homo  work. Nor are these tho only exumples. In  watch ami clock making, tobacco work, knitting and various brunches of weaving, favor,  able results are announced from home industry. These results ure economic, and the i]Ucs-  tiuu remains whether the health of the work,  ers is nut thereby impuircd. As yet no conclusive unswcrlo that question has been given,  but Hie willingness of Hie peoplu to work long  hours ut iioiue is cited as one of the principal  reasons for refusing lu amend the factory law.  If you want u really good ryo whisky  nt u low price, our 50c rye ia it. Gold  Seal Liquor Company, 7-lli Vender street.  The. Mint.  Is located at the corner of Carrnll and  Hustings streets. The bottled goods are  all first-class and the prices right for  every one.   Seattle Rainier beer, 5 cents  ('old Seal Canadian I've is Seagram's  Ciraiul Old Rye. Only, fiUe bottle; liold  .Seal Liquor Company.  CURRENT OPINION-ALL SORTS.  I.AIIOH ON TIIK UOOMl  ��� All over Canada the work of organization Is  on the boom. Tho big record of l'.HH) is being  eclipsed. Tlie union label Is steadily forging  ahead and a number of factories havo been  unioui/ed. Has organized labor hud its day?  Well, not in Canada by a fowl���Industrial Ilun-  nes, London, Ont.  M111IIT HAVE UBBX.  If Carrie Nation had done as much for the  liquor Interest as she has been trying to do  against it she might be in the United Suites  senate instead oi u Kansas jail.���Saudon Puy-  streak.  TUB l'KOIM.K'S  ItKl'RESESTATIVKS. ,,'  Public ownership w'ill lmve taken a long step  when the public succeeds in owning its representatives In piirliauient���Sanduii Paystreak.  W1M. III.AM-' THE DBA I).  If there ever Is a genuine invcstlgution of the  euuscofthe RiodeJnneiro disuster it will'bo  found Unit thu cowardice and incompetency of  tlie Chinese crew was' responsible for much of  the hiss of life. Hut there will never be an  investigation that will place the biumc on any  man alive. The Pacific Mail Steamship Company will Iind a way to fix the responsibility  upon soine one who lost his life in the disHster  ���and thus lessen the chance of damage suits  going against theni.���Seuliiu Union Uccord.  TOUCH O.N TUliSKK. '  Some purts of tlie School bill ure too much for  oven the Hon. Turner.���Nanaimo Herald.  Convalescents need JEiseh Port���"thu  builder up of the weak"���50c bottle.  Cold Seal Liquor Co., 74(i Pender street.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buergy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  Labor's Tribute of Respect.  The death of ex-President Harrison remove.. _.  from our national life one who in these times   pritnarilv  of transition can ill be spared.   He, of few men '     ���     -   ���  s a very cooiurina iu Buinmcr, i of note in the Republican ranks, has upheld the  in nine cases out of ten, doc-   standard of the best American  traditions of  liberty.   Thegrcat majority havo bowed the  knee to Baal, while he, almost alone, Daniel-  like has refused touo so.   Mr. Harrison made a  good senator, a  conscientious president, for  .which last school histories will immortalize  him, but his crowning glory will; remain ills  noble stund  us a private citizen against? tlie  imperialism of this Republican administration,  man afterwards.   He mopes, ue languisues, anu i Mr. Harrison, for one, was not blinded by the  becomes peevish and ill-tempered, hating even  glamor of military conquest to the grcilt danger  ..,.. #..��� ..���   u ,!,������ ,i��� ������,  f,,ii,������ i,|B ���T. 110 jrec institutions involved in the policy of  On April 1 the Window Glass trust  and independent concerns will close  down SO plants and throw '.0,000 employes out. of work. The idea is to curtail   production   and   keep   up   prices  his fellow-men, u mey uonui muuw ma . u.v-   wnc- iu��i,u,iuu.  ,....,., ... ,  __  ample and precept.   In fact, the man who is   forcible annexation  and conquest of weaker  people under the cover of philanthropy. .To  him the cloven hoof of imperialism was plainly  visible and he bravely denounced tho administration attack on republican principles of government.   All honor  to his memory.���Scuttle  Union Rqcord., "..'���  Telephone 1���:>-5 fof a line  turn-out. J. J- Sparrow, Palace  stables.  livery  liverv  Try a bottle of Kisen Port, tlie sillied even the" shadowy ghosts. Thoy choose to | ;,'*'*'eT .o1' CaJi*or,1j'1;, 50u bottle, at-Gold  net like a set of anti-Ludgate's aud degenerated   oeal Liquor Co., lib lender street,  into tithing,   instead of trying to make homes'  ���  The boiler makers report trade as good  and all members working. This organization has a big strike under way on the  Erie Railway atSupquelumna and Maed-  ville, Pa., and llonersville, _S". Y.  The Amgamated Society of Carpenters and Joiners held their regular meet-  sng on Tuesday evening the 20th. President Davidson occupied the chair. At  the election of oflicers brother J. G.  Davidson was ducted president, 10.  Hunt, vice-president; Thomas Wise,  treasurer; J. T. Kruce, secretary, 528  Harris street.  The Painters' Union of Los Angeles,  Cal., has not let up on its membership  boom. ,  Aid. Cook employs Chinamen at his  slip off Alexander street unloading brick.  Voters of ward two should remember  this fad.  ? A dignified minister of a certain church was  _-_-_prJpariug_hjs_.___rmoniu__his.siudyi against the  coming Suuiluy, when his little daughter decided to visit him. Taking a gladly accorded  place on his knee, and casting a critical eye  over the scattered puges of manuscript about,  ���    she asked:   " Papa, did God tell you what to  ���write?" "Certainly, my child," wus the devout reply. "Then what makes you scratch so  much of It out? " she asked, and wonders why  she never had un answer.  A Saving Disposition.  "Spcuking ot women with saving dispositions," said u friend of mine the other day,  '* my wife's in a class al! by herself." ..  "Howso?"wc asked.  - " Ijist week I bought an upright piano," replied my friend, "and my wife made a beautl-  ���Jul green plush cover for it, so the polish  wouldn't get scratched. Yesterday she made  another cover of linen to go over the plush to  ehee.M iind bright, they continually opposed  the occupancy of them by anything but bats,  lizards, and spiders. They spent their tla_& in  trying to destroy properly and reducing rents.  With all the facts of the ages at their command  they persisted in coufmlug thvit rcwuuls to  silly old muriicr talcs and tinffiltlOilS ol robberies. With tnforiliiUldu ihat humanity was  bursting His brain trying to ascertain, all at  tlieir tongue's end, they refused to impart any  of it., Instead they prelerrcd to put in tlieir  time groaning iu cellars, sitting on the headstones iu grave yards, or whispering in a dusty-  old room. Instead of being useful, they were  malicious. The mere fact lhat they occasionally turned in and helped the ollicer to cup-,  ture some criminal wusofnoparticulur benefit.  They ulwuys wuited so long after the crime was  committed that it made littlo difference whether the guilty ones were brought to punishment  or not. No one was left who felt enough re-  Venge-toeiijoy-tlic-hunging.^GhostSiaru^d.one  for. They are as extinct as the mammoth.  Think what history they could have given  about the old rulers, and llicir subjects, about  ancient arts and artizanshlp, about commerce  and agriculture; wlmi u preservative power  they could huve exercised I Iiut, no, they must  sit around and oppose all progress and act as  though they had adopted the Conservative  platform and iiad I. ecu educated on Tupper  pamphlets, and then went out of business.  Cooks and Walters.  Tho Cooks' und Waiters'Union of Plieonix,  B. C, is conducting its affairs in a manner that  cannot fail to win the admiration and assistance of employers of culinary mechanics. In  | i'uf. l"wn a cool: is csxpsUcd to dye his em-  * ploycrs u week's notice before leaving, otherwise he must pay one week's wuges before  leaving, otherwise lie must pay one week's  wages to tho union. This protects Hie employer against loss aiid much inconvenience. A  few days ago a Chinese cook was brought in on  a boarding car. He became dissatisfied and  quit without a moment's''notice, placing tils  employers' iu a rather awkward position. It  was then .that the Pheonix union tame to the  assistance of the railway people, supplying a  cook who is bouud to give "notice of his intention to quit or sacrifice a portion of his salary.  This is a move in the right direction and one  that could be easily-followed by like unions in  -this.iirovJncc.___Ther_!.lsno__Chi!iesc_o_r .lupan.  esc competition iu I'ltconlx, and ns long as tlie  unions continue to act in that straightforward  manner it is needless to say there will not he.  FLINT'S UROMO GHIPFE CURE,  neve-.- falls to completely cure a cold  within 24 hours, Gives instant relief���  juaranOfed, your money hack. 25c.  box at McDowell, Atkins, Watson Co.  Now, gentlemen, here is the shop to  get your hair cut to suit you: Corner  Cambie and Cordova.   C. Kllis.  ' The Passing of the Slate.  Ina letter published lu Tub IxnKi'BNiiKST  last week under the head "All an Accident"  the writer says ^ " It is a queer school, lhat has  no slates." And Ihu sentence quoted is llie  cause of this article being written. It Is uppu-  rcnt to the most careless observer tliul Hie  slate  Is  passing  from school  Ule.   The old  Prices  Whisk Brooms   Scrub Brushes '..  Scrub Brushes   Hand.Scrub Brushes  Making a New Record of Littleness.  ficcucli. I Clips and Saucers  f*5e do/..  Tic each. | Breakfast Plates   Me do*.  Butter Pads .l_"icdn_.  Decorated Toilet Sets, li pieces J-J.CO set  . .10ceach.  ,. 5c each.  Walk in and Look Around.  FREDERICK BUSCOMBE & CO.  China Ham., 319 Hastings Street.  Drink Ited Cross P.cer, the beer Unit's  pure, 75c pints, $1.50 doz. quarts. Gold  Sual Liquor Co., 7-1(1 Pender street.  Youi\  Sunday Sail  ��� ���or your working stilt  ������which Is it?  Both are here���came in within the  past few days bearing tbe impress of  11101 newness in style, in cut, in materials, in make, in price.  You really ought to sec wliat your.  fellow workmen���the tailors���are doing,  as their share In the advancement of  ue-n ideas for our country's betterment.  Kerfoot ���� Co.  Vancouver' llig Clothiers, Hatters and Men's Furnishers.  104 and 106 CORDOVA STREET.  !  300QQOOQOOSObOO��QeX)QC^OO^  SoOOOOOOOOiXXKJOOO i^OOQOOGOOOOOOOOSOC^ '  is �� CO'  Argyle 'House  JUST   "���"" .  .i .     .    ���  The Latest and Up-to-date Ladies'and Children's  ....SAILOR HATS....  BELTS---The Lorraine, in Black, (Jold, .Btc.  *   BUCKLES--Loops and Spikes.  Shirt Waists.  Children's Parasols���A Hover laces.  J. HORNER,  III))   WKSTMINTSKK  AVKNUJi  IOC  OPPOSITE   CITY   IIAI.I..  iCCOC  uooc  ���������������������^���������������������������������������������������'���^  ___V       ._   '_.?_'._...,:.         '������I- _       :   . t\\  Party X  holds the balance of power when it comes to a $���  question ;of Kitchen* furniture, and that is the ^?  subject we are most interested in. We Want *\\ -  Every Working Man to give us an opportunity ��*  of showing tho good points of MlcClary'S ���**.-.'���'"������  Famous Range. It is the best and the terms <\  are easy. " ��� ''*\\~:  126 Blastioos St. ��  if 24 Cordova St. Y  -VkLennaiv McFeely & Co.  WiHOIj"ESA*LE AND  RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  ^i!!^ Hardware  MAIL  ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  ���  KELLY, DOUGLAS ��> CO.  WHOLESALE GKOCEltS,  Cordova and Water Streets,   -   Vancouver, B. C.  $5ir' Headquarters for Domestic and Imported Cigars and Smoking Sundries.  20 Per Cent Discount  on  This offer includes our remaining stock of Kail and Winter footwear, and any  lines where the sizes are broken.  Mention you saw this add in Tin: indepkmuknt.  Buy your " UNION STAMPED " good* from  R. MILLS,  I ft Cordova St  \V. A. McDonald H. W. Robinson  Telephone O51.  Western Cartage Co  Trucks, Drays and Express  Wagons  for  all  Purposes.  ORDER!} TAKEN TOR WOOD AND COAL  Office: '314 Cambie Street.  Tho Mint  Is    the   new    saloon   at   the  .corner  of Carrall and  Hastings streets.   Case  goods are the hest, and the prices O. K.  Seattle Jtainier beer, fi cents.  o Labor In Switzerland.  Wnller II. Senile writes UmtSwUzerlHinl oilers  one speelnl tcnturc uf the liiliur movement  wlilch elsewhere Iihs received but little or uo  Htionilon���namely, home Industry with moil,  eru appliances. Under tills form agricultural  and lnaiiuuicturlht; work aru often successfully  combined, nnil the members of a family working together escape the rigors of the Inspection  law. This is not tiie place to enter into 11 consideration of the theory of labor, but It Is worth  while to call atlcntlon to the fact that while  tlio labor organisations in Switzerland, as well  ns in other countries, are crying aloud for the  eight hour workday ninny thousands of Swiss  voluntarily subject themselves to work from  early morning to late in tlie evening.  In the district of Zurich, for example, it Is  estimated that 20.8S6 persons ure thus occupied  SOOOOCXXttOOOOOQOQOOOO  \t M. BEATTIE, "  Real Estate and General  Auctioneer.-  Olllco and Sales Itoom, 111" Cordova  Street, Vancouver, lt. C.   ThoneSGI.  gjfjr- Kami Stock and Land a specially  Why Pay Rent  When you can own your own house by  a cash payment of $100.  Cull in and  we'will explain our  plan  lo you.  MACFARLANE, ROOKIE & CO.  442  West minster Avenue.  Telephone 699  MORRISON  for ail kinds of  The only union shop in tho city.  " Society Banners a specialty.  72^11Sfi��iS~i*rRE._T?     ~       ~ ".  WE CARRY_^>  the finest line of Ga-  nong Bros., Battger &  Co., London, and Stewart & Young, Glasgow,  The Latest Specialties  in Confectionery and  ... Chocolate, Etc."'  CAKES  of the very best quality,  3oc, '10c and 50c per lb.  MONTREAL BAKERY  600 Westminster Avenue  Watches  We are offering Watches'  nt - bottom prices.  1-16 COltDOVA Si'UEET.  Okl Books  -AT-  GALLOWAYS .'.  BOOK EXCHANGE,  139 Hastings and-'-  "14 Arcade  :   GEO. HAY   :  Vancouver's    I'lonocr    Clothes  Renovator, makes a suit new.  Dyeing and Repairing.  210 Camiub St., Vancouver.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General       ^  Consulting Nceiianieal Engineers  620 COltDOVA St. W., Vanccuvbk, H. C. TBI,. 75.'  Patentees and deslKiiers ol the Hiircilc-  Thompson water tube boiler, new lilu'li  speed roversliiK engines, and special  machinery in light sections for (mines.  Propellers Designed.  Kscisks indicated akg  .     Adjusted.  Solo agents In II. C. and N.'.W.' Territories to-  the United Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Lt j; -  Loudon, Eng.

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