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The Independent Aug 25, 1900

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 G. E. Macdonald & Co.  Wellington and Comox conl. Any  quantity irumn llW-lb. tonlOO-ton order.  Ton ta, yyto\ip.'& K-ton 11.?*.-  Hunkers���Koot of Abbott street j tele-  phone 200.   Up-town Oftttw���  612 Hastings St. West  !'���': ;-:  'Phono210. n  CELEBRATION ON MONDAY, SEPT. 3RD  Subscription, $1.25 a Year  Wagc-carncrs should tuh.crile,  becauHu Dili, pa|.��>r Is ) rioted in  tholr l.ii.icnis.   Subscribe .NOW.  3J2 Homer Street.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B. 0., SATURDAY, AUGUST v5, 19im.  NO.  bishop nn\n mm  JSV-lIowIng- letter was received by the  Trades.and Labor Council:  Blshopselose, Victoria, 15. C.  July 27, 1900.  Dcar Slr,-iA cojiy of the Toronto  Clone of June 14 has reached meatier  a Ions delay. Inasmuch aa the whole  'ot my address,' which must have occupied halt an hour, Is condensed into  twenty-five lines, I can accept no responsibility for the short extract which  you sent mc' on July 7.  The  intricacies   of  the   question  ot  Chinese and Japanese Immigration arc  :i        fox too great to be discussed with arty  f      , advantage-  at   a  public   mcqting. -At  Toronto I specially disclaimed any Intention' of entering upon such a discussion.  In company .with men like General  . <5ordon und Lord AVoIseley. I cannot In-  ��� Oolffo In any popular clap-trap against  the Chinese, in spite of their glaring  I      ' fault's, while, with regard to the Japanese, we, as an empire, have admlt-  '.      ted their claim to national rights.  "Representatives   ot   these countries  siro living In pur midst, and  from a  Christian point "of view, it is our bpun-  flen duty  to strive to show to them,  "both  by  Precept  arid  example,  those  '���"higher  truths  of  faith    and   conduct  which have 'been revealed  to'us, .and  ���upoti'whlch our Empire has been built.  The problem; ot Asiatic labor, not only  '       on "the     American    continent,     but  throughout tHe world, is olily lulls Infancy.  Twelve or fourteen years ago,  I remember that Slgnpr Crlspi In the  "Italian Parliament alluded to the immigration, of a "yellow-skinned race"  ju.  a question  that  would  soon have  to be met"; and It will assuredly not be  met by noise and clamor, but by the  most careful study of our ablest statesmen.   Honest.sober Industrious, Independent working men have more pres-  whig questions to solve:   the power ot  the saloons,  the tyranny of many; of  the labor,unions, the futility ot strikes,  and, on the other hand, the right relation between capital   and    labor', by  which  eome   system  of    co-operation  '     may be developed In* the Interests of  all, even It It Include the employment  ����f Asiatic labor.   I dm, Uear sir, yours  faithfully, XV. XV. COLUMBIA.  "Following Is the open letter submitted by the Parliamentary,Committee  lust Friday night to the Trades an*  I-abor-Counoll,���'nhe report; containing  this dooument was adopted:  Tlie  reply ot.-H.k_i .'Lordship  Bishop  Vcrrin  Is  disappointing  In 'many  re-  W**<*ts.   In the llrst place It seems to  -us that you arc far from being candid as to what you said at Toronto.  You simply say in your letter that you  aocoiiK.  no responsibility    tor    a, ��� con-  ���temtttl report'of. S lines, covering an  lialf-hour's   address.,: lt: seems   to   us  that 25 lines ofttlmes covers an hour's  .address.   The"question     Is   not    how  many lines were taken to report you,  l)ut uro the 25 lines so reported' true  l    or not on   this point.   Your  Lordship  makes-no statement either denying or  confirming the same.   The only reference to what you did euy at Toronto  Ih  that  you  specially disclaimed  any  intention  of  entering  upon .u  j.u!l.llc  discussion of. the'question, consequently refusing <n discuss the question at  u public  meeting us  requested.   Had  Your Lordship's reply ended' here per-;  liaiw   the disappointment    would;  not  liave been bo great.   There lingers in  the  breast  of   a  great    many   trades  unionists   the   Idea    that    the pulpit  iiught to be the natural foruan ot the  IH'mple and the Church the uegila of the  uppressed.   No minister should preach  Christ;, withoutpreachimr  humanity.  Consequently  would   we   not  look   to  mi   avowed  dlseble  of (thi? Savior of  Men tn favor any '.movement to better  the condition under which : Tve exist.  Hut.  ulas/ wo  look  In  vain   In  Your  ]_oi*ilshlp'B   rciply   for 'any  such  Indications.   You say:   "I cannot Indulge  .1n any popular clap-trap ngulnst; the  .Chinese.    In     spite    of    their glarlnsf  faults."   We wish It distinctly understood that we do not want "<*lup-trai>"  in anything or on any occasion.   Per-  =SiajM��=!uwould=bc-pertliieiit7tOias.U=-wJiy  rtlil   you   then   Indulge   In   "chip-traiii"  against tihe whites al Toronto, even In  fiplte ot all their glaring faults.   Was  Jl  not  because  it  was  more  popular  ,vlth the class to which you are more  Intimately associated?   We lmve their  repivsentullveH    with    us.   You   say:  ���Train a Christian point ot view, It Is  our  bounden  duty  to strive��� to show,  to them both by precept and exumple  those higher truths of faith and conduct wlilch have been revealed tp us,  and, upon which'our umpire bus been  liullt."   Is It  not  equally  Your Lord-  Hlrtp's 'Uoiiiiilen  duty lo   aIiow  to nil  mankind those "higher truths -Jf faith  jinil    conduct?"   Whnt    truths:   That  the I"!rent Crcaior called' Into existence  thlH globe for all mankind .Cor his habitation, ami  caused   It   lo  brlnif  forth  abundantly lo whosoever uipplied their  oneiwy  (o II. Hut  the source   of all  wealth, given free to all men, h:'�� been  appropriated' by a few, whether .'Halting use"of It or not.   Ere a child born  Into this world may live It must pur-,  chase, the  right   to   that   which  -,vns  prepared for It free by the Creator, or  forever he a wage-slave, to. those'who  own  the land and- all  thereon.   Your  jUn'il-shtp.  we are afraid our example  nnd pre-v-.t Hi this respect Is bj'l tven  lor the Chinese,  "witli alf their glaring faults." ���  Upon what hua our em-  >ilre-been  built?     It ha*'been built  ���as  those  special privileges are being  torn  down,  and  as  mors  freedom  is  ���being given  to humanity,   'Jlif* foun  dations of our civilization anil empire  have been broadened and strengthened, and will be even more so when nil  the special privileges have been abolished;   the more secure will our civilization become and more permanent Its  foundations."    As   more   'frcdeotu    Is  gained more time will be claimed by  the people for their own use. enabling  an ey-er Increasing number to become  better':educated  and  to  study.   Your  Lordship virtually says that Ave'have  no   right   to   protect   this   civilization  against a great inllux of cheap labor  and  a mode at life forced upon  the  great mass of our people which' would  make the very eomplre  tremble to its  very   centre.   - Aye,   and   griridi   and  crush down the very tiul/wurlc of our  boasted empire.   Behold, your voice IB  raised against the protest of the poor  working man,   whose    birthright  has  ���been wrenched' by the tyranny of past  oppressors' and,    as he Is struggling  to gain it he is threatened to be del--  ugea by a lower civilization before his  emancipation has yet been completed.  Then, sir, you tell us that "The honest,, sober, , ��� industrious,    Independent  workingman has more pressing ques-'  tlon to-solve���the power of the saloon,  the tyranny of; many of the* unions,  the futility of strikes."  On the. other  hand, the right. relation between capital and labor,'by.which some system  of co-operation may be developed1 In  the Interests at all.   We fancy we can  hear those 'Who toll not say Most Noble  Bishop,  Most   Upright  Bishop,   '''these  are my sentiments, and you do well to  in-each   them.   (But   did   thi*   common  people ever receive   such a preacher  gladly?     And yet they   received the  Savior gladly.   "Where then Is the difference?   Let  Your Lordship answer.  Where lias the saloon Its power? Your  Lordship     should      peruse     General  Booth's "Darkest England'' ana. then  talk ot the power of the saloon. -Conditions drive  men to    the saloon.   If  wo had  the  proper    help   tfrom  tihe  sources we should   naturally   expect  help from  to better those conditions,  and less prating about   the working  man andi the saloon,  we could  make  more  progress.   Besides,   we question  it the working man is the worst offender In drunkenness  and debauchery.   He  can   be  excelled,   par  excellence, by those In the higher walks ot  life.   Surely Your Lordship will  help  them to solve that question.   The tyranny ot the unions!   What of tho tyranny of those In high places, to wit:  the calling out ot the volunteers lately to terrorize the fishermen; aye, even  to "shoot to kill" if necessary.     The  tyranny of the. unions Is not in It with  'thatr of 'the /Cottier':.YfcHows'.: JVr His  Lordship's benefit we quote troth Iltns-  sell Lowell:   "It you take a sivordand  draw It and go "run a -teUov. through,  governments ain't  to answer  ror-it;  God will send the bill lo you."   Has  Your Lordship proclaimed that truth  from the housetops 'when,, this military  spirit Is bo rampant in the country as  It  is  at  present?   Have you tried to  make known, by voice and peu, to volunteers    their  responsibility. In     this  matter.   As to the futility of strung  no one knows better than Ihe intelligent worker.   What Is he to do?'Must  he allow himself to be led as a lamb  to ".the slaughter without a kick?   No,  sir, us long us such men Jive as Your  Lordship we are   compelled    to kick  There Is a remedy, -however, and' the  Intelligent  worker  knows  It,  but  the  bulk of the people are not yet ripe for  It.   As  to, the  right  relation   between  capital and labor, we hold that when  the creature  Is made  subject  to  the  creator  the    relation    Is    right    and  everything will   5woi'k   harmoniously,  'but  ut present the creator is in  the  hands of the creature, and In that condition even a wonnv would turn when  so tied upon.   It would seem that we  will  look  In   vain for  help  from  the  Churches.  What use have they for the  working  man?   Go  into one  of their  nicely-finished temples; everything denotes luxury; have the usher show you  a seat; the seat-holder comes in afterwards:   he views you  the same as If  you were an    Interloper;    if    seated,  when you are shown u seat; they draw  themselves  up  the  same    as  it  they  would be defiled It they were to touch  you.   We have often wondered If those  people  have  been   taught   that. they  were made out of superior clay to .the  -honest=toller;=Howeverr'ln=eonclU6tonr  we Would remind'Your- Lord'shlp that  thoughtful, earnest,  holy, godly blsh-  ciiiiti have some more pressing questions  to solve than our attitude towtuds an  undesirable cluss uf emigrants.   How  Is It lhat the Church has lost Its hold  upon the masses?' After nineteen cen-  tui-leri of preaching a Gospel of J'caee,  why Is there still so much war?   Why  Is  it,    artier such    a long period    ot  preaching the Fatherhood of God and  the Hiolherhood of Man   that "man's  -Inhumanity  to  mini  makes  countless  thousands mourn'."   Why    lias    such  tyrumiy, .oppression    anil'    bloodshed  been, done In the name of the Cluiw.  tlan   religion   aiid   the   Church?   And  why wllh ull your preaching due* thu  saloon have the power you suy It hits?  These are pertinent, serious ami sol-  until .questions  for every avowed  disciple of the Savior of Jlon to solve.    ,  C. P. K. EMPLOYES STRIKE  The must, meeting In the City hull on  Wednesday night In the interests of  the Machinists'' Union, which has called ltd men out on strike against the  Canadian PucLllc Company, was largely attended. At S p.m. the chair was  taken Iby the Acting Mayor, Alderman  "McQueen, and there were present on  the platform Messrs. XV. MacClaln,  Harlimer, Burgess and Sells, of the  .Machinists' Union; iMr. H.' F.Roas,  Railway-Carmen's Union; Messrs. D..  Robinson," W. Latham and,,J. "White,  Boller-Makcts' Union, and Mr, Hanna,  Carpenters'.Union. Mr. C. Melrose, of  the International Associated Machinists' Union, No. 126, Chicago,.who happened to be passing through the City,  was also present, Mr. G. E. Maxwell,  M.F., Kev. Cft;' G. Mac03eU., and Rev. J.  H. Sainton were also: present, at the  invitation of the organizers.,-, ot the  meeting, and the Aldermanic Board:  was represented on the platform by  Aldermen Shaw, Poreman, Baxter and  Barker...'.'"."-.'     ."?������"������- .������:���' --',.?  erntnent to bring the contestants  together ln order to settle the trouble as  soon as possible.  He did not think that  he  wus golnff  beyond   his  sphere    I"  saying that  he would  be glud  to  do  anything to this em) he could or was  entrusted with.    (Cheers.)  * I'vv.  J.  H.  Balnton    wan  the  next  speaker.     He   believed   that  the  men  now on strike were striking for a good  cause.   He hoped that they would win,  because Justice wus.on their side.  He  disliked to see might defeat rlgiy^ and  lie hoped the Canadian Pacific Railway  Company would  lose,  because  It  was  in the wrong.    The Company did not  like the Union;'combinations of capital  disliked meeting combinations of laibor.  (Cheere.)    A big company found It far  easier to deal with the individual than  with n union,  because the  Individual  could not stand against a combination  of capital.    The strike was costly, not  only to the Canadian Pacific "Railway,  but to the Union also; but It would be  worth the expense If the Union won on  Us principle' of right.   : On  the question of wages, Mr, Balnton pointed out  that the Canadian Pacific Railway machinists were paid 25 cents per day less  than was paid in the local iron-works  here..   The Canadian Pacific Railway  The shingle-weavers of New "Westminster lust Sundny tendered. President It. J. Neary. a complimentary dinner, utter a very;successful union  meeting had terminated Its proceedings, when eight new. members were  added to the* roll. The members then  drove over to Vancouver, where another successful "meeting'was'held, enrolling two more. The shingle-weavers  of both the Royal and Terminal cities  will take part In the Labor Day demonstration. The affairs of this live  organization are prosperous ami promising.  A'fter a  brief    introduction  iby  the    -  Chairman, Mr. H.F. Ross, represent-: ComP_*ny dld this, because it had the  lng  the IRiallway Carmen, was called' "f'sht, riot the right, to doit.    On the  qacslon of the doctor, the speaker  nought that It was a grievance, though  a minor one. it the men paid for the  doctor, they should choose their-doctor, but In any case the Canadian Pacific (Railway company should not  niaike money out of such a fund If  it was making money on It;''then-the  fee should'he'reduced. In conclusion  Mr., Balnton referred to the anticipation of the times to which all should  look forward, when competition should  give way to co-operation; when' the  weak should not have to "give way to  the strong; when society would not be  ajumlble, but. a family, and when it  would not:be "every,,^nah for himself,  rind the ���Deyll for the'^'indmost," but  "every man for his brother, and God  for us all." He urged all to labor towards achieving the object and time  when strikes should be unnecessary.  Aid. Shaw also spoke. He thought  the men's demands very fair In hours,  wares and aid. There was no reason  why labor should not organise as well  as any other iprofession. Doctors, lawyers and ���others'.-organised,, therefore,  why not labor? The excuse of poverty,  of the need of retrenchment put forth  by the Canadian: Paoific Railway, he  did not think would hold water, if it  were correct/why were nolt the help  dnd -salaries in other departments reduced.One did not hear of the ralatrles  oTahy of'its.; chiefmen "being reduced^  The. keeplng-in repair of the rolling-  stock -was one of the most important  things on a railway, and If there was  a real need to retrench one would think  this would be one of the.last departments. In which;a cutting-down would  becotTTOenced. A strike-was a Burious  thing, and though necessary, should not  be -resorted to, uu all other efforts to  set the matter right had failed. (Applause.)  Rev. R.'.G..-MacBeth thought that the  Church and the Carpenter of Nazarelth  and   the  laboring  men  of  the  world  should  work hand in hand.     Men do  not strike for nothing,  nor are  they  lightly drawn Jnto a strike;   in some  way or other they always experienced  111 effects iroin It sooner or later.    He,  the speaker, was not new to maohin-  Islts' strikes;  he had. spoken In Winnipeg at the one there last Full, and had  impressed upon the men to first secure  the recognition of the Union, that being the most Important requirement of  labor.    The day had gone past, when  It was thought not right for labor to  orsanlse.    A union did not do away  with  the right of Individual  thought;  every man retained his right to think  and'act for himself; bmt they combined  to secure  tholr unitedYdemand for a  living wage and individual rights. Men  were entitled to a living wage to enable  them to live like mien and not like wild  beasts.    (Cheers.)    If he had engaged  a man for $50 a month and lhat manin-  ereatsed  his  business so  much  as  to  imfke it possible for him to pay *.100 a  month, he Would feel that he was robbing that man If he failed to pay him  the $100.    (Cheers.)    He believed that  unions had a right to go to the head  of a firm or a company, and toll Ut what  the-men. requlred.-and.no ��one-lia<l-a  right    to     Intervene.     He     thought  that the men at Winnipeg should have  ���seen Mr. Whyte before they hud given  up hope of obtaining an amicable settlement.   (Applause.)  Aid. Foreman expressed himself as  In sympathy with the strikers and in  favor of n good day's pay for a good  day's work,  .Mr.  Melrose,  of Chicago,  then  took  the platform.    He believed in the prophesies ot a future when nil men would  work In httyniony, etc., but he also believed 111111*1110 working men had got to  bring this about themselves,    in n>lte  of all-tlip'beautiful Ideals of brother,  hood, klr.dnesH, love, eic, ot to-day, the  working men were being ground down  utnd he woulth of to-day wtw distributed  as It were, amongst ten men, whereas  ten    years   ago    It   wns   distributed  ninorgst ninety.    If the beautiful Ideal  or the Fatherhood    of   God and    the  Brotherhoud      of    Man      did      really  exist,  then there would'   not   be   the  Poverty  In  the  world   that there Wius  to-day.    The speaker then won't on to  review the'building-up of the Chicago  Machinists' Union, and the result of Its  strike, the recognition of tlie International  Union and  the introduction  of  compulsory arbitration.    (Applause.)   ,  Aid. Baxter spoke as a sympathiser  of unionism and of laibor.    He would  Btate   for   the   benefit   of   a   previous  speaker,   that  the    Machinists'  Union  had approached the,highest available  official of the Canadian  Pacific Rallwa:' at tho cainmeiicementof the trouble  upon. He, addressed, the meeting In a  convincing way, and said that the men  were, firm . in their demands. (Applause."  Mr.    W.  MacCIaiir���was    the    next  speaker.     After   reviewing   the  chief  questions    involved  in  the strike,  he  Impressed upon the meeting the necessity of labor securing political representation and power as well as organizing  for  purely    local and  domestic  purposes.     Referring to  the area affected by the present strike, the speaker said that the machinists from Fort  William to: Vancouver had been called  out, but the Union could still call out  the men from. Fort WilU'Mn to Montreal If necessary, and he believed that  they   would    respond to a man. >   He  claimed   that Y the    Company   In   discharging     mien  "had     discriminated  against  the Union men.    It was  not  non-unionlstsi'that had been discharged  but many of the most active men in  the unions.;   The reason given by the  Company,  that  of  hard    times, ."was  hardly  feasible,  ho  thought.     It had  stated  that Instead of handling some  ten million bushels''of wheat this season"; only about one-third of that amount would pass over Its lines, owing  to the fnilure of the crops.   The next  day,   after    this    announcement  wns  made, however, the ofllclal Government  report was ,sent;out,;��tntlng. that the',  harvest; would    produce   ten-  million  bushels.    What were they.-.to'-iielleyeV  the report of the Government, or that  of the -Railway Company?   ^Further,  In the past ten years, the Company's  trafllc had Increased 103 per cent., and  the Inst  balance-sheet had  shown  an  Increase of nearly $50,000 over that of  the previous quarter; yet, In' the face  of these facts, the Company was complaining  of  hard   times  and  putting  that up as a reason for Its action. .The  ���excuse was, he contended, only a bluff.  (Cheers.)    Let the men^ therefore, stay,  with their decision, hold out for their  full  rights, and    show   the  Company  that they had not the slightest Intention of backing down.  iMr.'G. |R.  Maxwell, iM-P., was next  called upon.    He was most pleased to  be    present.     "A finer   oody of men  does not exist o,n God's earth  to-day  than  the C. p. R. employees in Canada, he said.   The speaker knew what  hard work was, having worked himself  In the mines, while his father was one  of., tho  labor  leaders  of his time and  place.     One  of  his first  recollections  was a Id-weeks' strike,' when he had  seen  every  stick  of  furniture  In  his  father's  house  sold , to  obtain    bread.  The demands of the strikers were, he  believed,  fair  and   moderate,   and  he  thus hoped that the strike would soon  be endedjhy their..gaining.their"points.  As regards the dismissal of men,   he  could sympathize with them.   His own  father had been dismissed by his employers time and time again.    It .was  a  most   contemptible    thing  If men,  who were entrusted with the Interests  of their fellows, were td"*have to lose  their employment    for    that    reason.  The people of the East found it dilllcult  to reullze that It was! more expensive  :tor_:a=rnan-to.llve-ouUheiH_.=Tlie^GQVi  eminent had, however, now recognized  It, and some ot |t�� employees here were  now receiving Jio a month* more than  those In similar positions In the East.  Under the existing conditions here, he  did  not think Jtf per day, as a .minimum wage,  was any  too much, Y He  believed In good wages for the worit-  Ingnien:  when  they were paid  It was  better for the menYthe trade, the community' and   the    country.     (Cheers)  Unions wore good organizations; everyone remembered,' who had read ul a"  on labor mntteiw, Hint In the days before  unions  existed,  employers'found  more dltllculty In handling their workers.'  if the government of the country  recognized trade unions���and the Canadian     Government now   did���surely  they  were good  enough  organizations  for private companies to recognize.   !��  the old days when   i^Ir. Maxwell had  worked   In  the  mines,  they  had  paid  for a club doctor, but then they hud a  voice In selecting that doctor.    If that  were done here, he would look upon It  as a good thing, especially when they  lemembered that when sickness came,  they would otherwise have to pay $2.50  a visit to the doctor.   Mr. Maxwell.referred to the good work done by'labor  representatives in  the House,  and  to  the large Increase that had thereby resulted In .the wages paid on the Intercolonial Hallway.    The present dispute  was a serious matter, not only to the  men and the Canadian Pacific Railway,  but  to  the country, and  he felt that  an appeal should be made to the Gov-  but that Mr. Whyte was not in Canada  at that time.    The people of Canada  had.  he contended, a right to expect  fair treatment from the Canadian Paclllc Railway.    Had not Canada given  It $25,000,000;   700 miles of road;   land  worth   at     least   one   hundred   an.l'  two   trillions, and   so   forth.    Did it  not therefore owe lt to the country to  pay Its men well?    The Company had  received a bonus of $5,0)0,000, which at  5 per cent, would pay the weekly L.x-  aenses of the line.    Wus not the country entitled to expect that 5 per cent,  on Its investment?    The country hu.l  however, done more for the Canadian  Pacific Railway; ail the rails thait came  Into Canada for Its construction came  duty   free;    Its  land   was   free   from  taxes for 20 years;   no road could  be  constructed south of its great line that  had not to become a feeder to" it.    The  country was annually paylnjg seventy-  two or seventy-five thousand dollars to-   come "up.  wards the maintenance ot the Empress  Steamship Line, yet how many Canadians  were workinc on those vessels.  The country had done all this for the  Company, and It was entitled to expect  It to pay a fair wage for a fair day's  work.     Referring  to .the presence of  the representatives of the Church, Aid.  Baxter reminded  (he meeting that a  Church dlgnltaiy had stated in the East  that the people of this Province Were  not opposed to the Chinese and Japanese coming in here, which statement  had been used against the interests of  the Province.   He, therefore, asked the  representatives of the Ministerial-As-I  sociation .present to get their Association to contradict that statement, and  cause their contradiction to be circulated abroad.  Acting Mayor McQueen was tendered1  a vote of thanks, after which the meeting adjourned.  H. Burgess. Amalgamated Society  Engineers, left on strike business for  the east on Thursday.  At 'Montreal on Wednesday in aii  Interview, regarding the demand:,  of the Ontario and Quebec Division  trainmen, for an increase In wages nnd  the attitude of the: Company 'up. to'the  Present time, Mr. D. McNIcoll, General  Manneer of the Canadian Pacific^Railway Company, said that the Company  could;not see, its, way clear to erant  their demands, and that the men on  their system to-day, were receiving  more than on any other railway in Canada. He expressed the opinion that  young hot-heads among the employees  were lurc_ly at the bottom of the" ore-  sent'agitation.- 'The Grievance;Committee has, however, sent. for. Grand Master 'Morrissey, of ; the Brotherhood . of  Conductors, and Grand Master Clarice,  ot the Brotherhood of Trainmen, to negotiate, with the company. The remarks of Mr. D. McNIcoll have been  received very, coolly' by the'pu'bli'c,  WITH THE FMIIJIM.  The Fort Simpson Union bam] will  give a grand concert at Stevestoh this  evening.  The fishermen of Cunoe Pass elected  oillcers as follows: President, j, Colt-  er; secretary, F. .Miller; and treasurer,  J. Mcintosh.  Frank Rogers, vice-president of the  Fishermen's union. <pald The independent a call on Thursday. Frank speakrt  lu flowing terms of the future of his  union.  The fishermen will hold a convention  to-morrow (Sunday) at Steveston,  commencing ut 10 a. m. All fishermen  are invited as Important business will  iMr. Mac Clain has under consideration a proportion 'to contest the sent  for Westminster district in the House  of Commons, now occupied b.v Mi*.  Aulay Morrison,  M. P.  At a meeting of fishermen last Saturday at Canoe Pass, the .following resolution was passed: "That a testimonial fund be opened and be, laid  before all fishermen on the Fraser, to  be presented to Will Mae Clain at the  close of the season. In view of his services to the fishermen's cause during1  the strike this season on -the Fraser  river."  Will Mac Clain stated to the "World,  that he had' Investigated carefully the  matter of the net-cutting. He says  he found that for the most part destruction of nets was caused by steamers running over the nets, and tangling them around the propellers. Some  of the steamers have knives fitted to  their bows to cut nets so that the machinery will not be stopped.  A great many people to the contrary,  notwithstanding the fact still remains,  that the workmen who receive the best  ".���ages and work the shortest hours, are  those who have strong unions behind,  them.  SHOW DAY ALMOST HBRE.  'Next Saturday,  Sept.  1st,  Is Ring-  ling day in this city.   That it will be  a memorable occasion is at certainty.  The coming af such a famous Institution as Ringliing Brothers' circus Is In  itself an  event  Qf extraordinary Importance.1 The  magnitude    and   high  character of the slow make it a welcome  visitor.   Jm the organization  of  such a stupendous national entertainment, and In bringing to the doors of  the public the rare, curious and beau-  .'tJful things at the wide world, the five  famous; proprietors of this Incomparable exhibition have constituted! themselves  pwbllc    benefactors.     Do  you  love  fine  horses?���here you  will  find  the   finest   specimens   of   hfgh-born  equlnes ever bred.   Are you interested  in   the  wonders  otf brute  creation?���  the zooolglcal iniarvels of sea and river, forest and' Jungle are displayed for  your edlltieutioi��   Do  you  enjoy.:'" the  beauties of art andi  the brllluncy of  classic  pagentry?���the  .loveliest  spec-  taicle oif modern or ancient times' will  greet you.   Are you exhilarated by the  hotly-contested struggles  of-the  rnc-  ���Ing course?   Do you delight In gallant  deeds of darln�� and  dexterity*  Are  you   impressed   by  ���wonderful exHil,bI-  tlons of trained1 'animal Intelligence?  All this and more you willJlnd in absolute perfection with'this great show.  From the Initial parade tn tnejnorn-_  liiir^of-show-ifla^untiR'h*e~cIose_of"thi_  final performance ut night eveiything.  Is on a scale of grandeur anrt nii-{*nt-  t.ude Hitherto unknown In tihe amusement world.  The inaugural free street  dlsplwy  iu km plrvce at ten o'clock Jn  the morning,  and  l�� a lilting .Intro-  dilution   to   the  wonders  of  tlie  day.  The greatest ot the world's- greatest  aerlalilsts, the cleverest of clever acro-  batt. and gymnasts, the supreme lenders In equestrianism, the most  unique  of unique wpeclnllslK contribitte to the  absorbing Interest of the show,'   The  I/OcWharl    eliiphant    comedians,  Sou-  der'.i eli.phunt  brass band  iiml  Mar-  ichniid'H   l>ug|l|i.i4u   pim-hydei'ius   comprise a ti'Mimvlraie nf trained' unlini'l  features Inniiosslble  to  nnd  with  any  other circus'on earth.  Reserved numbered s.entn ami admission show day at the McDowell, Atkins, Wntson, Co.'�� Drug Store, cor.  Hustings and' Homer streets* at the  same price ns charged at the ticket  wagtail on'the show grounds.  The C. P. R. Is an organization  backed by wealth and soda] and. political power almost unlimited, and it  throws down the gauntlet to nieni  whose only capital is their brawn and  skill, whose only defence is organization; like Hercules- In a .prize ring  challenging a ten-year-old boy. But.  Hercules in this matter displays more  bone than brain and, next to the moderation of the men, nothing just now  surprises the public so much as the  perversity of the company in keeping '  In otilce and' power a man obnoxious  In every sense to the employes; a man"  who would have found a field and era  congenial to him on the lower Mississippi three quarters ot a century ag��-  ���Winnipeg Voice.  A litigation between citizens and  monster corporations Is yearly on the  increase, wniie every session of Parliament and /Legislature finds them  demanding additional legislation, adding to their powers and curtailing the.  rights of the people: and yet It is a  notorious fact that almost all of the-  M. F.'s and M. p. P.'s, who must legislate, take and use free passages graciously presented to them by their*  railway and steamboat friends.���The-  Freeman,   St.  John,   N.   13.  "Every civilization not founded on.  Christianity Is sure to be brought tO'  naught," said Emperor William, 0t  Germany, when sending troops tO'  China recently; and In the next breath  he added: "'Spare nobody. Make no-  prlsoners. Use your weapons. Open  the way for civilization." Finally this-  murderous mocker said: "I wish you  God speed." Hell yawns, for brutes-  like him.���Citizen and Country.  Is' it any wonder that socialism is-  spreading with such great rapidity in-  Germany 'When such an Idiot as this-  sits upon the throne.    Il   is only sur-  .pi-lslng_thal-lt_ls_iiot_aiiarcliy_liistead   of socialism.  IiAiBOR DAY.  IRemember .Monday. Sept. 3rd. will  be Labor Day. it Is about time to look  after your XBW SUIT AND HAT Withef big procession. Donaldson & Mathews, Clothiers, Hatters and Men's  Outfitters', "i Cordova street, Vancouver.  Among the subsidies voted by the*  Dominion Parliament at lt_s last session was one of $9,000, to the Canadian  IMrlfle Railway Company /or a telegraph line between Golden and Windermere. In Hritlsh Coliinililii, n distance of ninety miles., A cm respondent, writing to the Winnipeg Tribune,  stales thnt Inst y.inr a company was  formed In Hritlsh iMluin.hln to cun-  utrui'l a telephone Hue between these  points and the iicccstiary capital was  subscribed. Notice of application for*  a charter to the Legislature ot British  Columbia was published and the necessary deposit put up when tho an-  nounceiiieiii of the Dominion subsidy  to the C. P. II: was made. The promoters of the proposed' company at  once dropipod their bill and now, instead of a line built with the money  of the promoters, there will be a C. P.  H. line built nt llie public expense.  SUBSCRIBE'  PENDENT, $1.2  FOR    THE  i A  YEAR.  INDE-  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will  kindly notify   The   Independent.  Warm weather is upon us. Now  Is the time.to look out for a first-class  baker, who makes good and wholesome bread. The Superior Bakery  fills the bill completely. Free delivery  In any part of the city. Tel. 109. Deek-  ert & Teitze, proprietors, corner Duf-  erin and Fifth avenue. THE INDEPENDENT.  SA*raR_DA*S*. .AUGUST   25.' 1900.  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY GEO.  HARTLEY.  PUBLISH I*l>   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST  OF   ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  TUB INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   312   HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   B.  C.  SUHSCUIl'TIONS  IN  ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents: month, 15 cents; three  ���months, as cents;  six  months, 60 cents;  one year, $1.1S.  ENDORSED   BY   THE   TRADES   AND  LABOR  COUNCIL.  SATUlRDA Y AUGUST    26,   1'JOO.  SIGNS OF PROGRESS.  .As wc grapple with our present/industrial dlillculties we are apt to^for-  get just how much has been gained,  and how fur we have progressed. In  the far-away the king was everything.  Studying the records,of the past one  almost is convinced thnt all men and  all things were made for his special  convenience, It did not matter what  was destroyed or who suffered if only  he was well provided for. Afterwards  a few strong ambitious chiefs demanded by force admittance into this delectable condition of things, and ag'ain  from the records it seems as if all  things were made to advance the Interests nnd promote.the'well-being of  the lucky hero. For a long time the  only noteworthy thing about bur history  is���the  struggle  on   the   part  of  ���a class���the warrior class as a rule to  become the'.lords of creation. During  this period the word people was a byword.,- It was significant of reproach  and'.contempt. In times of. trouble  these lords of '.he soil would cry, who  nre the people anyway?" And the current talk was the people must be  taught-to'obey, to take what is offered  to them, and must learn to be 'satis-;'  lied' and' content with such things as  they have., Providence never intended'tha. t, the people" should be''consulted  ���...or--considered.: The world--was made  only, for the rich, the'-powerful', and  the nobles of: the earth. All.this tomfoolery lias sone to tlie wall.   Jiiot :ii_  -.Cromwell .smashed and pulverized the  ���monstrous d-cc'trihe of'.the dlviuo*. right  of; kings to do ������anything they liki.'.l,  so thanks to one -agency, and another  ���wo have come out of the YlarUnass and  glooiii  of  the past, and as we-survey  'all" things' mail realizes that all the  gifU uf did arc not meant, for some,  but for all: Unit the people were meant  to share ...them, and th?t .=*��� long as  they do not share them in proper proportion Injustice stalks abroad, and  cries aloud for the aid of the true, reformer;. In the realm of politics we  note progress. In the- "Kooil old days,"  the chief thought of .statesmen was  ���what was called a strong vigorous foreign policy. These men .deserve credit  in that they loved .their'country, and  ���were anxious to extend its sway in  ail 1 directions.    But  the  foreign policy  . of  theirs -wns all  in. the  direction  of  .Avar, conquest and extravagant expenditure. No attention was given to  .social or 'Industrial question. The current .'.sentiment .was that it was beneath a great statesman to tackle such  questions as. were likely to improve  and elevate the people. Ail this 1��  changed. We love our country to-day  as much as those of the', past, and 'we  are just ns anxious as they were to  ���Bee__hei_____reat_.and-_iiilghty. but thanks  ���to n now light, and a new view of  things, the great body of citizens be-  jlleve |lo-dny that the greatest; and  Htroiigi-'St nation; that the bt'.t, the  hnppicst, the richest, the greatest  country Is the one which contains the  greatest ..number of healthy, happy  and prosperous citizens. We note progress in the church. No man Is a  ���fair mini, nor Is he a thorough student of hlmoiy who denies the Inllu-  enci; of the church for good or ill,  The man'who makes light of this power, niukw light of one of the grcnteii  forces In any "country, and, ns Mr.  K.hltl has very clearly shown In his  remarkable book, one of the foreis  ���ihat has had the ntrongist inlluence  over men. For a long time the church  was the tool of the state, and the  state then was simply the powerful.  The. darkest days of the church-were  when she was an echo, nol of the Kter-  ���mal, but the king or the patron. "When  .she delivered herself by a deep, sense  ���of the inportance of Divine truths,  .she rose above the earth, and the  things on the earth. Heaven was her  chief state and care, and the mind- was  ���ever fixed on .what- was beyond. ��� So  far as the ills of life were concerned,  the people were, taught that the best  ���way to get over them, and to conquer  them; was by. exercising patience, re  signation and submission. Life Is short.  The present will soon pass away. Our  lot le hard, your troubles are many,  your comforts are few, earth has no  prospect; In fact, it Is n desert drear,  but the future Is resplendent with  hope. It tells of the glorious crowning, the golden hnrpstrlngs and the  victors' psalm. One little hour and  then hallelujah's etcriilty'n long,  deep, thanksgiving iisalin. Thnt no  doubt wns very nice, very necessury,  and very comforting, but It wns only  half a truth and hulf a kosjk-1. As the  ostrich buries Its head In the sand,  the church burled both Its heart and  head In the future. The church did  not then realize that while it called  upon men to light and overcome the  devils In them and about them, in  what was called the spiritual sense,  it was her duty likewise to fight the  devils of greed, of grab and injustice  everywhere around her sons and  daughters. What Is foolish on the part  of the ostrich was foolish on the part  of the church. You cannot escape  from evils by simply making youself  believe that they do not exist, and  no man Improves the world by ignoring wrong. All, or nearly all, this  good-inlentioned -teaching is changed. One of the leading men in the  church now declares that political  problems are rapidly giving way to. the  Industrial problem; which is proving  itself more and more to-.be the question of the hour. It is the condition  of industry which is absorbing all attention and all anxieties. That's the  belief of every intelligent and wise  minister of the church. Well IX.lt is a  problem, our duty Is to solve It. There  is a revelation and. a light for the  twentieth century as there was one  Ifor the llrst.. Every" age has its problem-, and every age has its men to deal  with it. Our problem is how lo make  the life of our working classes better  and .more human-like", and- the call  comes to the men in the state and the  church to solve It in the name and  in tho place of the Almighty. The  sixteenth century hud its intellectual  and spiritual ���reformation''; the twentieth is throbbing with industrial possibilities. Progress* is seen all along  the line. Ours be it to keep the good  work going on by helping! all *who are  earnestly striving for the good time  coming.   ,  TO-DAY AND.TO-MORROW. '"  Take Christ in all In all ��He, was  a great num.:;We ought at least to  study: his teaching, as we study the  teaching of any other great thinkers.  His ieachlng= had.and-has its lessons  for to-day and to-morrow, for ... the  future and for the.present. Hies 'revelation'or .'teaching-nbout heaven was'a.  truth that.'largely 'lifted the mind off  the present and fixed it on the future.  This was a great 'truth; giving birth as  il does to :i purifying, an enobling and  inspiring hope. Life, without It .would  be miserably poor and wretched. Every  man who has.it must be the braver  nnd the nobler. The trouble has been  that many have made everything of  Heaven and nothing of Earth, everything of to-morrow and nothing of  to-day. This teacher, while he undoubtedly directs our thoughts, to  what will be: yet lie: us strongly, if  not more strongly, calls attention to  what is. It was only occasionally that  he drew tho veil aside, and revealed  the future, he was always insisting  Upon the value of to-day, and' the  present. In that healthful seiimon,  culled the Sermon on the Mount��� a  sermon which Is being-rend.more eagerly and more reverently to-day than  ever before���one fit his mosl impressive lessons is "Take no thought for  to-morrow." Has it ever struck the  reader of that sentence thnt It Implied  oneTiSughl-10���h.iv(r_n,���decpr^serioiis-  tlioiight about to-day. If we are not  to be over anxious 'about to-morrow  of what Is ahead of us, we might to  be thoroughly anxious about to-duy, or  the things which are. Jf to-morrow  is nol to bother us, It menus that we  should wrestle with the things of today: for the only way. In which the  to-morrow"' of life can have no care  for ns, Is by making, the conditions  of life lo-tluy what Ihey ought to be.  Christ was a great believer In to-day.  The future did not trouble Him much;  the pii'senldld. Work, lie Buys, while  It Is culled day, that Is, preach, teach,  reform, chaiige, comfort, help, all today. The needs ol' humanity were  staring him In the face to-dny. and  to-day, not to-morrow, He must do His  duty. Oh, it Is to-duy that we should  be mewl iinxlous about. What Is It  that causes so many men and women. to have painfully anxious  thoughts about to-morrow?'-It is because the to-day. ot their lives is all  wrong. It you are,out of employment  to-day: if your money is all spent today; If the needs of wife and children  cry. out to-day; if you. are.hard..pressed, and are In deep dlstresfl to-day,  can you look at to-morrow without  fear and trembling? It is; because  then we are In straits, difficulties,  troubles, and penury to7day, that to  morrow Is enabled to intrude itself in  ugly black shapes, to load us with intolerable burdens, and to fill us with  dark forebodings. In a true sense, today Is everything, and a responsibility  is laid upon us to muke tondny right,  und to make It liveable. Our work la  to sweep away nil wrongs and Injun,  tlces which may exist to-day. Our  duty Is to get what Is needful for today; to have a. fair, honest share of  God's free gifts to man as that tomorrow's shadow when it comes will  be one of hope and good cheer to us.  For If we are getting to-day what we  ought, then to-morrow will have no  fears for us, In fact, we shall welcome  It as a good gift.sent from Heaven to  bless us and do us good. What'la tomorrow, but a part of to-duy. The  future is but-a- link of the present.  They are Indlssolubly connected. You  cannot by any device separate them.  If then our Industrial conditions lie  unjust, unfair "and dishonest, to-morrow, unless we are wise to sweep  them away to-day, will ever be full of  worries,-cores nnd anxieties to the man  whu Is loaded' wtith responsibilities.  Our Industrial salvation to-morrow depends upon us doing our duty ^b-day  witli all our minds and with all our  hearts.  INDEFESDENT ITEMS.  Prepare for Labor Day.  It pays  to advertise  iu Tho Independent.  Tlie Ironnroulders' strike at Cleveland, Ohio, is expected' to be a long  and bitter one.  Ironmouldeim report state at trade  fair in this city, no card no work. In  Victoria trade is bad.  The committee are preparing to  make the celebration of Labor Day a  noteworthy event, surpassing all  others.  Which Is why I remark    "  -And my language is plain.  That for ways that'are dark,      Y   Y  And for tricks that arc vain,  The modem .politician is "peculiar.',"  Which tlie same 1 inn free, to maintain.  In another, column a very able article  appears under the caption "Aaron,  Moses';-'Etc.,"' from the pen of. a respected subscriber, Mr. C. AV.: "'Anderson- Neary, of Alexandria, Egypt. Tho  author is a well-known authority on  malters;;electrical. '':������'���  As tlie 'Alpha approached Steveston  on Sunday last with a load of oxc-iirr  sionlsls, she passed many, hundreds-uf  fishing: boats, nil manned toy Jnps.  One lone white halloaed the parly, and  asked: "Are you coming,to, visit new  Japan.".: The question meant a'great  deal. ���-'���'���*'��� ':'���'���.-;       " Y"'Y '���... ;������;���. ���.    .���   ';.  To use an expression of the street,  - - ... .,_  -���-.vans,'-Coleman it .Evans tire "cheap*  guys." At the entrance to their,wharf  a man was stationed during the .lohii-  ston-Haekett.boat race and he collected  2o. cents from nil who desired to see  the race from that vantage.':.When'a  firm of their; standing descends to  such contemptible tricks it is a sorry  condition  of  affairs,  indeed. ;.  ,/'���  ''Let us remind nuir. readers again  that'advertisers value space according  as;it.brings:them returns.������������ They, want  to know that t'helr ad. is being read  iby those who need their, goods, and  our readers must be depended!' on to  give the demonstration. Those who  advertise In The Independent arc reliable, and tihe purchaser Willi get pond  Value for his money. Remember theiri  to your friends and make them feel  that their patronage of your official  organ is appreciated'.  The various unions of the city are  beginning to make- 'arrangements for  a great 'Labor Day parade, which it Is  proposed shall far surpaj-s any previous efforts or the lnbor organizations  of this city. We believe that this is a  most liiiporlunMnntler, nriinfiirriris"  the duty of all who can possibly do  so lo get Into line on this occasion.  The showing mode by iv large parade  will do a great deal to strengthen the  respect In which orgunlzed labor Is  held. Lot every union do Its best to  makefile coming .celebration and parade a grand success.  Workmen are asked every, now and  n-raln by Ihe churches to contribute to  mission funds for the pui'iioso of scntl-  Ing out men anil women to convert iilie  heathen. What du they receive In return? They Hhoiild expect nothing, >ou  will nay.'. Co mil illy. Hut i\1v:it is the  result? A product after the manlier of  Rev. Winchester it ml Bishop Perr'.n,  These two men' have done more harm  to the workmen i��f Hritlsh (.olunihl-t  tlhun 0111 the efforts of a thousand par-  fon�� to do good. Such men lis llieve  furnish the only argument the eastern  politician has lu refusing to puss' prohibitive legislation u��ialnsl the Chinese  and Japs.  that gives ..theni' being i).ni empowers  irresponsible persona to'cail' them but  at any;ume' ao the solicitation of men  whose honor, does not rlee above dollars'and cents.  WHEN ROGUES FALL OUT.  (Wrlttou for Tho Independent.)  When rogues fall out, then is tho time  For honest men to get their due,  And thus It is I write.this rhyme  Addressed, oh, -working men, to you.  Let rogues upon election day  (Republicans or Democrats)  Fight In their old llme-tisted way,  Hut keep ye cool beneath your hats.  But no! Ye'll cringe, and whine, and beg,  Llko whipped curs beneath the lash.  Or, mongrel! with a broken leg,  Yo are indeed ."|>oor working trash."  Your fathers, Grits or Tories were  And ye'll bo Grits or Tories too,  "B'cuiiso your fathers did not stir  To freo,thi'mselves, no more should you."  Such so-called logic, night and day.        -  Is fed you by the robber class  In hundftils,, like the new-mown liny  Is-fed to yonder starving ass.  And will ye thus'without a kick  Swallow it down coirtedly?  Can ye not see your tyrant's trick  Or arc ye blind eternally?  Arise I say, and be yo men,  Such as your grandslres must have been.  Demand Iby 'ballot your rights again  No longer on your lords to lean.  Shout HI] the echo   rends the skle9  "We will no longer live on lies."  ���SAMUEL KING.  Vancouver, II. C, August, 1000.  SUBSCRIBE     FORI    .THB.    INDEPENDENT, $1.25 A YEAH.  When you want to hire.a first-class  horse .and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.  Telephone 125.  SUBSCRIBE*    FOR    THT3     INDEPENDENT, $1.25 A YEAR.  THE BEST^��  Skilled Labor  To, Dispense  ...PRESCRIPTIONS...  , Everything,, old ut Yuiisoual'lo  ....prices und giniriiiiteeil.  "The Up-to-date Drugglsti'  Corner'Seymour und Hnstiints  -,  .,      Streets, Vancouver. ^ :  "We. will sell    ���;-.';"���  ���; yAT.'Cfrsf-.,...  Our large assortment  Ingrains, wc-re 15 and 17, now 10  cents; em'bossed gilts, -10, now 25 cents;  beautiful gilts, 20 and 15," now 12 and  10 cents; dining room papers," 13 and  10, now S and 7 cents; bedroom papers,  S, now 0 con Is. , All other papers in  ���proportion.  Now is the chance to secure your  wall papers at these prices. It will  pay you to visit our store,  A BIG- REDUCTION1 IN STA/MON-  ERY���Enveloiie, two packages 5 cents;  lead pencils 10 cents per dozen.  Everything on saleat reduced prices  for 30 days only.  PAYNE STATIONERY CO  Printers, Bonlcscllors utul Stationers,  UG Hustings Street East     -     -      'Phone .'JIB  If the various military men and-  newspapers of ���the province I lay < the  '(tattering!"unction 'to.''their soul that  because the Trades and Labor Council  passedi no resolution regarding the  militia, and tWat' tlhey are not dinlurb-  od'over the S��eye^t6n affair, it would  ���be well ifor tHem to pause. The union  men of this city have a deep prejud'lee  agwi'Insti the militia. Not against the  militia ae an institution; nor agalnsit  the rhen who are at present members  of the local corps, but against the act  . MAKKS A SI'ltCIAI.TY OK .  O  o  Deifs special Liqueur, Also ��� ���  usiiers eiacK Label Liqueur wnisky  -IiAHGK STOCK OF���  IMl'OliTKP AND' DOMKSTIC  _PiAainc  Quann l^uos.,    -   -     Props.  COItNr.lt C'OIUIOVA AMI CAllUALU  are desirous of doing tho square  thing to nil, and, to this end, so  as to enable the llsherinen to  thu (iiiilvalont of  20 Cts. Per Fish  Instead of 19, Intend to allow them  5 cent. Discount  ON ALL GROCERIES, RUBBER BOOTS . AND Oil*  CLOTHING, AND  Your boy his school suit yet? If not  pay us a ylslt to-day. Wo arc having a  special salo of  and can1 savo you money. In fact, lt will  pay you to buy nnolhcr milt, even if you  have udrcady bought. These goods aro  strictly up-to-iUMo .and now. l'-trst-olass  workmanship and good quality materials  in  TWIOBD, OHBVIOTS, ETC.,  NOlU'Tt-LK,    ��� -���   /    ���  ., .,    *^TT."BBOY,,  ,.,,, ,,    ,  AND OTHETC.STYLES.  SALE SATjURDAY AND MONDAY  -   ���'". .'   r*v *   t t ���". '. . '    ' '", ;  '  ���'.���I  etr   id     ���rrr ,������   , ii    .:.  ;'  170 Cordova, Cor. Gamble.  .    ... ��� 1'    .-       ;>        .:   --��� ���   ..  a, n. fySon,  W1IOI.E3ALK AND RETAIL DEALKB1N  Fish, Game, Fruit, and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.- 'Phone-442  furnishings,  flats and Cajjs  for* M#n  And Koq*.  In clothing the material counts for a.  good (Il-iiI. 'but the mnklnK is Mpmlly Important. The'designing und cutting mtist  be done Bkllfullyf the putting togouhcP  and finishing must be done ciire'tull/.  That's wIuto wc excel, o-ur standard' ol excellence liclng much above the ordinary,  although prices are less than rls usually  asked. Put ils to the test. These suggestions may aid ln making comparisons:  MEN'S SUITS-Slnglc-brcasted. all  wool, Canadian Tweed, In medium grey  checks, lined with Kalian cloth, well made,  regular ^.M,' to-day for tM-05-  ���' afEN'S TROUSERS���Mado of all woof.  Imported English colored worsteils. bent  trimmings; rwular price $3.00 to-day  *j*l.��S.  MEN'S . \V'ATBRIP(ROOI!*3-Detachniblo  capo, sewn scams; special to-day $4JVO-  BOYS' all-wool Canadian tweed, two-  plcco suits, netvt patterns In'brown, and  dark grey, well trimmed; regular *2.D0, today #1.85. .  ;,THE-<5^*^y ��������� a.YYY*  ������':���:���. -:���":���������    ii   '���:..{��� ;.;,'.v ���    j.:.' ;'-��'  ' '     ' " " ll-'Yii  !  IB  C6., LTD.  IIO Cordova St.  46 CORDOVA STREET.  "Wo make a specialty of Uniox-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  That you get the very best CTG-ARS  in-the market, besides encouru-gine  Union Labor, homo Industry, when-  you smoke KURTZ'S OWN, KURTZ'S  PIONEERS, or SPANISH BLOSSOMS  Cigars. Ask for thorn, and- see that  you get them made in  .KURTZ -��.��������.'��  PIONEER CIGAR FACTORY,  4S8 Cordova Street, Vancouver, B.C-  ' Tel. 863.        Union Labor Only.  le'o Cream, (I. It, Chncoltitcs, Cukes mid  -CpNI'ISCriONERY  MONTREAL BAKERY "S.^SK'  THE^^S^  Li  ��� ��� "���'  Is'now within'the rench ol evcrylMidy.  1'rleuK hnve liilely been retluccil, niul thu  1I..C. Kle'i'lrli: Itiillwny Coiiii'iiiiy luivu  tlielr lilies nil over tlie city, Do niitilc-  Iny, hut li|i.|nll nnd UhUTUK ONi.v I.ioiit,  wlilch in idiHoliitely  Safe, Clean and  Up-to-date.  Per  cent-  Discount  ON AM/ OTHER GOODS IN  THEIR BIG DBPAlRTMENTAlL  STORE 'AT aTBVESTON, B.. C.  Vancouver and Steveston.  IfnuWully loiike'd idler It iKclicspcr  thttn 11ml "II,iiml. oh! ivlinl riillffcre'iiro  in ilie.eveiilne.' Api'ly iur rates nt tin)  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  CITY, WOOD YARD  Fdlt ALL KISDS'OF   '  ���e  o.��  HARRIS STKEET WHARF.   TEL. 693.  R. RILrBV, -        - Prop  For tlio Hot Wkathku.  WE A It. A  Crejje Sbirt  AND.  York Belt.  (BUCCKSSOIt TO I'AIIK roSSKOjIll  IIIMW.)  005 Hastings St.  Hardie & Thompsen  Marine and General������==>.  I'liiisiiRing Mechanical Engineers  KM CORDOVA ST. W., VANe-CUVKK, u. (].  Tut,. "��7  I'litenteos uml tie. iKiiers ui the llnrille-  Tlioiiip-oii ��Htnr tulii! Imller. uuw hlxh  _]'��'���! rereTslnit uuifini'H, hiiiI h|h��'1kI  iiinoliluery III I'kIii M'elluim (ur ininci.  I'nol'Kl.l.KIH I.KSIHNF.tl,    KNOINKH iNIIICATICn AND  AllJUHTKI).  6nln HKeliln III II. C. unit N. W, Turrllorlen fo  thu llnllvil Kluxllilu MuMlllo T11I1I11K Co., I. ul  1/iiuliiu, Kuk.  COIt. SKVMOItK ASt) CORDOVA S1H.  (nciir C. 1'. It. BtAtlon.)  Fine old KiikIInIi Ale, Stout unil Beer;  oe.'-iohl Si'iileii mid IrlHli whisky; ito.  liieMie uml iiiuinrteil Cigam,. Kvery-  tl'Ing up to the Immllo.  wjaiiiu;��Bit ��s  D. DAY;rroprictor.  ,     .. ....      ,.       \\.  Dyeingi Clciinihg, PrcsBing, Repairing, Etc.  OmcE:  52C render Street. Woiufs: 1085  PendcrStreet, VANCOUVER, B. C. V   I \        '. i ' ,  SATOtRiDATn.������.',..iAXTGUST   25.   MOp,, ,.,;*...���  y v,-,���,<���,-,. a./i..- ,t, :^aE,im)EPENDENT  0  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  THE CHINESE QUESTION.  Editor Independent:   In view of the  question   which  Is  being,   and  which  has  been   for so  long  carried  on In  British Columbia against the Chinese,  may I occupy a limited spnee In your  ���widely circulating Journal In order R  Klve,  more especially to our Knstern  felloiw countrymen, .some  idea, of the  -state of nffnli'H In Cariboo.   The Chinese linve, I believe, a stronger footing In thlH district and are more Injurious   licre .than  uny'v'here   In   the  Province," and   until  some   steps  arc  taken to prevent their Increase, Carl-  boo will not take the place she was  surely dcntlncd  for In Hritlsh Columbia.   It would he Hurprlslng to enstern  people could they understand the exact state ot affairs.   The Chinese huve  long: been  established here and  have  much unseen power, and It Is dlllicult  to move against therm   For instance,  printed   petitions ,\vere ��ent  up  here  'by t'he nntl-Mongollan society of Vancouver, a couple of years ago.   Wer  they ever circulated   for   signature?  "No, they wore quietly suppressed and.  for reasons best known to those who  had them In charge.   Then again the  -."farm  lands  immediately around   this  town are to a very, large extent h,eld  "by- Chinese direct' from the Crown, to  whom they pay- rent, which Is absolutely contrary to law. .   Time    and  ���again white settlers have made application  tor  these  lands which  would  afford homes for many.   Are they able  to  obtain   them?      No,   the   powerful  Chinese retain them on terrr_6 unmen-  tioned In the Land Act, and they are  ^allowed to record water rights for the  irrigation or these lands, which is also  directly contrary  to  that act.    Then  Chinese  are  granted  liciiior  licenses  "in  the  town,  as  though  the saloons  run- by,-,whlte men were' not already  ���-sufficient!   As may be imagined these  Chinese saloons are much frequented  ���by Indians, but the Chinamen are too  crafty and close to get caught selling  liquor to Indians anil very seldom are  .convicted,    rt   is  also  a  well-known  fact that they supply liquor to habitual drunkards, of whom the whltesa-  ilopn 'Keepers   ha ve ' been   warned   by  the-constable.    Further,   It   Is  impos-  . Bible  to  convey any Idea of the destruction wrought by the .Chinese with  -respect  to  mining.    Suppose  a canoe  be taken and one travels up or down  the iFraser river for many miles from  ���this  point,   at  almost  every  bend   of  the river you will see, far above high  -water mark, acres upon acres of wnter  washed   stones  without  a single  tree  or  a sinsle  blade  of grass.    Nothing  "lint a dismal   vast wilderness.    These  ���were once rich river Hats, rich not only  in gold, but many of them In soil .'������<  well.    To-day   or   in   the   future   they  might be smiling farm lands, a. source  of   eon:i;iu.il   wealth   to   the  country;  but ..now. they   'arc    blighted,    their  wealth-has departed foi ever, nnd.'they  must remain what they have become'  until the end ol" time, an eyesore ami a  reproach'to   the  men  of  this generation.    .\nd  who has benelltted  by the  ��� _;ol'.i waslicl from these benches? 'llho  'Chinese have worked them alnio.it  ���without exception, and have caused  ���the gold  taken  from them  to quickly  drain away to China without leaving  any equivalent for tho wealth robbed  (from)   this   Province.    The   people   of  ��� California recognized this fact when  va. t   areas   of   rich   Kinds' Were   laid  -waste by these same people. 1�� it not  ���time for our local Government to turn  to these, matlord and prevent further  .damage, even if It not be already too  late. Then, sir, perhaps most important of all. there. Is the "labor question." White labor simply cannot hold  its own iiguhiKt gangs ot organized  slaves. Last spring when driving down  the 'Cariboo road I mot large num-  "bers of men who were lured into this  district by tho fact of mines being  opened up. TlKflo men were tramping  nearly :io() miles from the railway,  carrying their food and bedding upon  their back*, they were trmplng, but  were not trumps, several whom I met  I had previously known upon the  ������const, they were mostly men who were  trying to get a footing in the country,  buoyed up with the hope of getting  work and doing well in order that they  might send east for their wives or  iheir swecihearts and make homes out  'here. Now what was the result when  they reached the end of their.long and  toilsome journey? They found that  "hordes of Chinese were being employed  In cutting the ditches, building the  Humes nml in tilling the fields. And  these while men had to return from  \��Ji!aiS_u_tLi__!>______inie._._ltnn,InBi_i)erha|��,  Labor Omnia Vincit.  1900  September 3>9 1-900  4  Grand Industrial Parade at 10 A. 1\1.      .* .**  Athletic Shorts, Indian War Dance and      jfi  Various Other Attractions at Brockton Point  in the "Afternoon.  Admission  free;  for the Ladies.  ��_* ,2* Jt Jfi  Grand Stand   Reserved  their spirits broken, their hopes crush  ���ed, cursing the country and the coun'-.  try'H tows. And what hope I* there  .for the bona tide emigrant to gnln a  footing*hi Oils country? Hc.llnds the  Chinese competing with him In all  kiwis of unskilled:: labor. The Chinaman can live In the meanest and most  meagre way. He has no family to support ; nnd consequently can afford to  work for a much lower wage than a  ���white man. His bosses must keep lilm  employed, even If only to pay hi.'  board, so that these people remuin'ab-  solutuly rulers nf tho lnbc��' market.  For iiixtiince If the white innnwcre to  ask one dollar per day for. his Me'r-  vlccs. the I'lilnainan could ilrop to llfty  cents, and were the white man able  to live niul work ul such a wage, I  lmve no ilnubt but that the Chinaman  would come here and work for u sllll  lower Hiitn. Under these circumstanced  .you will admit thnt Iheie Is small encouragement for the working classes,  nor is the prospect of the future, miles'* the ('hltiese be excluded, much  brighter. Now-let mc draw your attention to China in order to realize the  enormous population we are drawing  ���from. These people aie llteially crowding each other oft the land and they  have to live upon rivers, lakes and  harbors In order to exist. It Is estimated that Chinese population ln British Columbia amounts, to about 20,000,  but what is this number compared to  the nearly 400,000,000 in China. Why,  ���sir, if 20,000 Chinese had come over'to  3ritlsh Columbia In the month when  Clhnlst was born, nearly 1900 years ago,  .and- 20,000 more had come here every  month during that 1900 years, there  would still be more people left in  China than thove are In all Canada today. Why then, it may be asked, are  there not more than 20.000 Chinese in  British Columbia? Simply because it  1�� to the interest of the Chinese bosses  to carefully regulate the labor according to the demand, and the 20,000 will  become 2,000,000 ns soon as this number  Mil find employinentheie. Then there  Ik the question of trade, and here Is  where the people of the east are affected, although they seem to imagine  that the question docs not affect then'  at all. ��� Now 'I have said there nre  20.000 Chinese al present making a living in Kritish Columbia. Do these  people send.enst either personally or  through the local stores for their  clothe.", their food and their other na-  i:es��arles.? Do ��� their ���wives and -their  d.iuchters obtain their hats and their  boots and their, many requirement,,  from the same source? And.thus make  Canada iIchor and increase manufacture and-trade? True those people have  no wives and families in this country,  they live upon rice and' goods imported from China by large Chinese merchants. Their clothes come from the  sunm source, and thus every cent  spent b.v a Chinaman and every dollar lie saves goes over to China and  the resources of this country are being  drained away. Now, suppose those  20,000 Chinese were replaced by say  10,000 white laborers, a proportion nt  whom would have wives and families,  und were the Chinese excluded, this  would of necessity very soon bo the  case. Almost every dollar made and  spent by these white people would remain In Canada' to add to the wealth  and prosperity of the Dominion. Rut  it is said by some that an equivalent  i cumins with us in the work done by  Chinese. Where Is the equivalent. 1  would ask, for the hundreds of arces  of water-washed stones along our rivers, or for the cropped-out lands which  might be gaining wealth for prosperous white families whose .younger  members would be growing up to develop the country and make homes of  their own? Where Is the equivalent  lor the happy homes of working men  which might exist? We look around  and see hordes' uf Chinese, the lowest  type of humanity, herded together In  oiir--clt_es._l!vinK_in__llth-andJjre��liiig  disease and immorality, utterly and  Irrevocably different in their customs,  religion and lnws, a continual tloating  population, having no'Interests In the  country beyond making a few dollars  and getting back again to their native  land. Now. with regard, to the proposed Increase of the per capita tux  upon Chinese, arguments nre brought  up by the friends of the Chinese, principally the great employers of labor  and the transportation companies', lo  tho effect thut It Is unconstitutional,  thnt It Is against the laws of humanity, and so forth. If this be true, then  1 Ywouldi ask why dues, u per capllii  tiix'exist at nil? If It be wrong to  charge - |noo for a Chlnniiiun entering  this country, II niusi also be equally  wrong to charge $100..In Australia and  New Kenton.! Ihey have ��� nut been  blinded by Much scruples, and these  colonies have, since ridding tiheinsi'lves  of the Chinese, entered upon a new era  of prosperity. The- United Stiites, thill  land of freedom, have also dispensed  with the services of the Chinaman,  and Inslend of social life coming lo  a standstill for want of servants and  washerwomen, and hosts ot other  troubles which some predicted, the  country is decidedly better off ln eveiy  way. Why then should not Canada,  the nearest country of all to the source  of trouble, follow, suit "and rid herself of i this evil. Sir, the .Canadians  of the west are everywhere calling to  their fellow-countrymen of. the' east  for help to throw off the yoke of the  Chinese, these'parasites who have fastened themselves utjon us and are mucking the life'B blood from our veins, and  we in far-off Cariboo have lent cur  voice to that call for help, belie 'ins  that our eastern countrymen will not  fail to answer our appeal for assistance. Let the people throughout Canada make it plainly understood that  they intend standing by their western  countrymen in this matter, and their  representatives in the House of Commons will yet puss it bill raising the  per capita tax on Chinese to ?*>00. By  thus duing they will earn rur lasting  gratitudce and forever cement0 the  bonds of love and .friendship between  Mriiish"Columbia and the rest of the  Dominion. CARIBOO.  Quesnelle, 11. C, August 20th, 1000.  Smoker  IN THE* CITY HALL-  In the Evening.  God Save the Queen..  Address  all Communications to  F.   WILLIAMS,  Secretary, P. Box 159.  I H'lHfllB  From Their Niintiiiiio.SnuthflcIdaiul  l'rotectiou JMttml Collieries  Steam, ���sa$  and  House Coat  Of tho KollowIiiK Grades:  I5ouI">Iti Screened Lump,  Utin ofthe Mine,  \VfiMliticl Nutnncl  fcacreenln^w.  SA.MUKL M. KOHINS, Superintendent.  KVAXS, COLEMAN* A KVAXS, Agunls,  YiuiunuvcrCUy, II. C.  ���;y^yPA.��i..f"i;��c;  Awaij  to the  AR10 YOU taking a vncatlon? If so,  we would like to send you some  llleraltire utiout. UtinU Hot  Springs," "The a rent (Under ot  the Selklihs," and the nuignlllcent  hotels there operated by the Canadian I'aclllc ltiillw-ay. Cheap Ex-  euislon Hates made from all I'aclllc Coast .points.  OH, IF YOU are going East take your,  Tickets by the "Imperial Limited"  and spend a day or two at our  mountain resorts. You will benefit  by it and enjoy it.       *  Apply to any Canadian Pacific Railway Agent or to ���  E.'J. COYI.K,  A.G.P.A.  Vancouver, It.  JAMES SCLATJ3K, -  Ticket Agent,  *M Hoktings St,  Vancouver, I). C,  1000 People    *  500 Horses     .**  300 Performers  5 Big Arenas j*  I Aerial Enclave  1-4 Mile Race Track  REATEST SHOWS  THE INVINCIBLE  MONARCH OFTHE  AMUSEMENT WORLD-  65 Railroad Cars ��_* J*  25 Elephants ��** jS jf  100 Dens and Cages .**  \2 Acres of Tents jP  $3,700,000 Invested j��  $7,400 Daily Expenses  A MAJESTIC, IMPOSING, IDEAL, PATRIOTIC SPECTACLE,  LAST DAYS!. CENTURY  OR, TBE LIGHT OF LIBERTY!  OVER 1O0O PEOPLE AND HUNDREDS OF HORSES IN THE CAST.  THE ONLY EXHIBITION IN THE WORLD PRESENTING  John O'Brien's  Famous Equine  Show, the . . .  61 ^HORSES  6I-H0RSE AGT.  IN ONE RING, AT ONE TIJHB,  PERFORMED BY ONE MAN.  LOGKHART'S  FAMOUS ACROBATIC,  DANCING, PLAY-ACTING  ELEPHANT G0ME0IANS.  ACTUAL PHOTOGRAPHIC VIEW  or THE TRCMENDOUS  SENSATIONAL FINALE OF  O'BRIEN'S  61-HORSE /VCT.  OVER 3-SCORE PIR0UETT1NS,  P0STURIK6, PYRAMID-MAKING,  PICTURE-FORMING,  GORGEOUSLY TRAPPED EQUINES.  AN  EQUINE  SENSATION  I1ERR   SOUDER'S   WONDERFUL   FUNNY   ELEPHANT   BRASS   BANG.  street PARADE IN 30 SECTIONS^��  BIG NEW fnt  Special Chea|> Excursions on All Lines of Travel.  Two Complete .Exhibitions Daily, at 2 and ft p.* m.   Doors open One Hour Earlier.  The ACKNOWLEDGED GREATEST SHOW ON EARTH  -\V1I_J-   EXHIHIT   AT-  Vancouverj Saturday, Sefrt. 1st, B90��  OLD SHOW GROUNDS, CAMBIE STREET.  ; ��� $gl Reserved numbered seats and admissions Show-Day at the McDowell, Atkins,  Watson Co.'s Drug' Store, corner Hastings and Homer Streets. Unlike'other Shows the  prices at Downtown Offices are the same as charged at Ticket Wagons on Show Grounds. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY........ AUGUST   25,   1900:  The rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a wm, but no ad. will be inserted tor loss tihan 25 cents.  Union Directory.  VANCOI.VIOR TRAinKS AN'D iJutOtt  Council, I'n^ldenl, Jos. Dixon; vice-  firrviilviii, J. Morion; st'crcttiry. J. C.  aiiii'Mliall, V: U. itox lii'j; fliiuuvliil hoc-  rrUii'y, K, Wlllliinis: treasurer. J. i'eul'ey;  j-lulistlrian, W. Davis: verKvinit-ui-unns,  .1. IJixid. iMrllHint-msiry coinitilUee--Chiiir-  miui, John IVmvy; *<ereUir.v. J. Morion.  Mi-ctin.;���Kirst uml third Friday In eiich  niH.ulli. nt *:'" l>. in., in HiiIuii'Miill. eornoi*  QhciiKinuir nii'l llonwr MrcelM.  ���VANCOU'lt TY1��OOHAV111CA1i UNION,  No. !K, moots the last Sunday In each  month m Union hall. President, R U  ��� Woodruff; vlco.presldcnt, J. C." Mitrshnll;  secretary, J- "���'. Wntltlns; v. O. hox CO;  treasurer, W. Brand; sergeant-nt-iinns,  <Ju��s J. punn; executives committee���  Chairman, J. C. Marshall; Oeo. Wilby,  C S. Campbell, O. T. Dutton. XV. Arm-  ���itront,'. Delegates to tlio Trades und Lab.  or council, J. C. Marsha.!!, Geo. Wilby, C.  8. Campbell.  STREl5i'~KAli_\\*AY lil.N'S UNION-  Meets second and fourth Saturdiiy of  rach moiiih. in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster aveniie and Hastings street'  at S p. in. President, Kobert Brant; ���vice-  president, 11. Vandenvnrke; secretary, H.  O. 'i'lionias; treasurer, J. Jenkiuson; conductor, A.'Russell; warden, OS. F. Len-  lesty; sentinel, John l'axman; delegates  to Trades and LnJlior council; John Peary,,  ]{. O. Thomas, Prince Perry, Jas. Uurion,'  Geo. Lcnl'esty.. ���  l^'AdTrcTA-ilUCS^NTBilNiATro^  Piotectlve Association," Local No. 21!).���  President, G. B. Kerfoot; lirst vice-president, j. b. Jackson; second vice-president, J. Murray; recording secretary, W.  J. Orr, 317 Harris street; financial, Mr.  J. White; guide, p. A. MoaKher; guard,  I_, Parent; treasurer, D. McLean; grlev-  <>- ance committee, John Peters, T. A. Phil  lips, E. E. C. Johnson; Trnd6s and Labor  council dolesates, John Peters, E. E. C.  Johnson, P. A. Meagher; finance committee, P. A. Meagher, E. A. Teetzel, Meeting every first and third Tuesday in tlie  month, in Sutherland's hail, Westminster  avenue. Y  MOSES, AARON, ETC.  INTERNATIONAL BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B. C���President, Jas. JoDfrey; vice-president, Wm.  Barker; corresponding secretary, T. A.  Hurman;'tlnanclal secretary, Wm. Tnite;  lyler, Wm. Braniga. Meets every Monday  evening |n Union, hall.  TlNITBD BROTiHERTiOOD^OK "caRV-  KNTERS and Joini'rs���Meots every second am) [ourth 'Jlhursduy In Union Hall,  TUrim No. 3. President, "Wm. F. McKenzie,  <S7 Ninth avenue; vice-president, Hugh  Wilson; secretary, A. E. Coiifln, 730. Nel-  con Street; financial secretary, W."'Ful-  crner; treasurer, Geo. Walker; conductor.  U en j. Carrol; warden, Jos -Dixon; delegates to T. and L;.-council, Jos. Dixon,  llobl. Macpherson, II. Wilson.  Meetings.  If O.E-VANCOUVER AERIE NO. 0,  F O. E meets every Wednesday night,  ���nd second Wednesday only of the months  flt Julv, August and September. Visiting  members -welcome. H.-W. Findley, W. P.,  province 'office; s. R. Robb,; W. S.,  World office.  I "a O.'lFiT^r^IiSYAL'THINE FOB,  *EVBR lodge, No. 7312. imeets every second and fourth Tuesday dn'the.���month-in  the hall, over Harvest's store, corner of  ��� Hastings street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cor-  dially Invited. F. Black, N. G.; R. W,  Partridge; secretary. Y  Real Estate.  REAETESTA/rE. SNAPS.  HOUSE AND TWO LOTS ON FA.1R-  .VJ.EW, stven rooms, nice garden, fenc-  ��fl, St'Cil? in rear:, only ?SS0; easy terms; a  ;iarpVii\ Wr*W.ll*�� VP: .;���_'- Mil'nev**'s'  ��17 Hastings Street,  liOUSW .\JfiB LOT ON BARNARD ST.-  jseven, room's, in good repair: .price $W>;  iurftis to arrange: T. Mathews, 417-Hastings Street. '���������.- ___  TWO LOTS ON TRAM     LINE-Corner  Vcnaibles, nnd   park Drive;  size 03x1321  price $11_5 citch. T.-Mathews, 117 Hastings.  Jiy.E~LOTS ON_O.RANO~*^\V-ONB  ���block from Tram line; only $00 per lot.  These are snaps. T. Mathews, 41" Hastings Street.  FIVE* ACRl!*    TRACT-ON    VICTORIA  road���About three miles.-from, the-city:  good soil;  easily cleared;  only WO.     T.  Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.  LOT ON NELSON STR15ET���Fine view of  Unglish  Bay;  only *"*2o;  a bargain. T.  Mathews, 41" Hastings Street.  To Let.  TO LET-CLI3A0S'. WELL FURNISII-  'ED rooms for llglitjhousekecplng, suites  of two, jfi nnd ^5 per month. Apply room  19, 220 Ktefer Street.  ^A-^Nli^BDRi___iOl!_=_.^UNJi_UlWlSiro!l  rooms���either separate  or  together;  lu  the centre of the city. Address  K, care  of Tlie Independent.  SLVOIJIC ,'IIAX LKCTURE.  illov. Ileithwt S. Hijtclow. of Cincinnati, Ohio, a Di'oiiiilnent ndvncnte of  the single tux theory, will lecture In  the First t.on(r|fgatloiial .'.chti.mli' on  the evening of Monday, the 27ith. Inst..  on tin. -jniliject, "Steullng art a Fine  Ail."  "TIIOOT TO K1LU"  Kdliiir Independent: ApropoH <if llie  llsliernieii'fi slrlke: A lieaiitirul sani-  ItUt ot the liwn-icii-llve dudes wh.p net  In the fajiai'lly of iiii>twi.n|*ei' lii>yn fur  tins hdiiks, with a clies-t on UWn like  ii -stomach pump nt rest, and a Hsi>  thnt '.cHpoIti' iniieli eultlvntlon, hiiIiI  tlml .'Tin, Jove. (Ju> Colonel had g-lven  di'dei's In Uiont in kill, ,md lie wil.tll  UiliiK* to tlioot to i<lil." .Hist tinaglne  ���i lobster ��T llils duscripllon whose  .eitlilttlc -aid'eiLranccut imee staunied  liiin iiH a devotee of tihe checker Ixjard,  loii�� ueaiiuts, ew., etc., and nil such  bi'-uwuy. games' a.s tlml. Jtisl Imagine,  thl!�� llmburgei- .'specimen ot humanity  doing1 any lKti'm tio anybody! -fa It not  tlangerout* to trust anything like ttois  tvltti a gtm and ten round's of ball  ���cartridges? But:. ot-such men the  blood-thirsty offlcei* commanding will  "have to fill up the ranks ..of the  "Fighting Fifth," who palnly showed  their zeal for gore and gloi-y on the  jdailna of Steveston.! .-",���' ,--..-G.','!  Vancouver, B.C, Aug;. 31, 1900.  Has a real miracle ever been wrought  by any power, occult or otherwise, in  ancient or modern timed? Certain  st'lentistB and many others will reply  wllh an emphatic, negation. Why?  1 icrauae the ni'gus eye of the present  time ivseiifh Is fast rediscovering the  natural means by wlilch the tlutiplan  rogues niul nagen uf the suh.paloeo/.oli;  period produced the fantastic, wondrous, and ���aiM'ai'cnty Kuperiintiiral  results by which they held their pow-  orful dominations, and swayed the  Weaker wills, eharneters, uml bn��er  minds of nescient multitude*, for either good or evil. in. best served the  moment, purpose, ur the Interest at  stake.  Not In all the hoary, primeval history of China. .India. Persia, Mexico,  (He, nor in the modern Christian or  Arabic writings is there Mentioned or  even alluded to, one single bizarre or  unusual act. event or occurrence bordering on the superstitions, which can  not be easily find deary explained ln  the near future, and much can be comprehended even now? Tlie most extraordinary and ' mentally extraneous  freaks of the cunning, stiberous minded but learned priests of old���of prophets true or fa-tee���of ctigean hermits���of amhlguou.s caitiffs���of exler-  ipatlng suzerains and all facile principles -were merely non-natural to the  Uniiistructed' present, who (possessed  the unenvled" usufruct of beholding  empiric philosophers at play���frequently horseplay. Even the omniscient Creator and Hie inspired, agents  saw fit to use only simple and everyday forces and natural means in the  execution of so-called "miracles." The  voices of science In all branches will  soon fill the earth ,with a mighty  chorus that must rend the false from  the true, making obtuse problems and  darkest phrases to be understood by  babes. Amongst recent "discoveries"  the ...grandest i�� that of electricity;  which takes little ratiocination . to  claim, was likely known from the  foundation of the world, and better  comprehended by the truly knowledg-  Rifted ancients. .. Moses and many ot  the prophets were dabster electricians,  but Christ as roan was literally- tlie  Great Physician, and the finsf'.to practically apply this natural and Heaven-  sent force to the curing of human Ills.  That -He ..was" an embodied electric  spirit few can contradict successfully,  for he wa.s always attended by electric phenomena as patently proved.  This has also Been cleverly touched  upon by ,Miss Marie Corelli in the  creed.of Casinir Heliobas. which could  advantageously be studied by the narrow-minded nnd aesthtlcal -alike-  eight simple instances including the  positive and negative dual shaped  tongues, are cited in the "Romance of  two "worlds," but one can retreat into,  the depths of rear archaical history"  to show that from time immemorial  electric science was well known and  appreciated. .The first: authentic record is"l491 13. C, when the IsraelitlsTi  Ark, was constructed by Moses, who  used fit'-wood imported by Phoenicians  as It" was the best non-conductor  a-monffst timber.: This fir chest 'waS  sheeted in and out with gold, thus  converting It Into an expensive but  most perfect- and powerful leyden jar,  as gold was known then'as now to be  SO per cent, a better conductor,-of the-  fluid than copper. To charge this battery, a fire of rich carbonic material  was kept burning on top.o�� the Jt-k.:  CiH-ltoft'..'? Cf CG-m*"-"? an,".a*-oe1_ent con-  ductof, ana the y.ni't'eles tl.oailng.-ln  tlie smoky atmosphere bl'ougllt sufficient electricity, to highly charge this  battery., Biil the sapient Aaron did  hotter Uian Moses, ai" he. placed the  "oattery" in a Temple surrounded- by  poles 150-feet high, covered., with gold,  and golden - concatenations were-.hung  from these to tlle leyden jar, making  a complete connection. The general  territory, we know, had an average  elevation of say 650 feet, and this extra 150 feet would give an Immense  supply of the natural and mysterious  tluld, especially- In Palestine, that land  of electric storms. However, the..6h.ms  and volts, and the nicety of worCking  the machine:'Were compaTatively unknown, otherwise why did Aaron's  sons fool around the battery and get  killed, unless indeed they were the  merest dilettanti. But Aaron was no  sciolist in Theui'glcal art. for ln his  death-dealing necromancing he always  removed the non-conducting camel  hair carpets. Thus the condemned vitr-  let remained on bare mother earth  "\\-lth"=tlie"=tt)6-natui'al-result���instanian-=  eous fire nnd a painless death, i. e..  a "miracle!" Solomon covered Ills  temple with copper, and copper pipes  ran into subterranean water tanks,  nnd he placed sagittal poims <:n the  roof 20 to 24 feel high to scare crows,  we are calmly told, but this won't  wash, no crow, even an ancient or.e.  requires 21 feet. of a glided spear he-  fore he feels seared. It was simply  a cute arrangement to loud the -oof  and piping with electricity, probably  to prevent robbers monkeying.with the  copper, uud douhtlew served other  purposes us well. Can there exist uny-  thing new under old Hnl'.'  C. V.*. ANDKKSON-NKAIty.  Alexandria, Egypt.  I'ltlX.KS TO It FLOATS.  The following Is u list of prlv.es  for the Labor Day procession, which  lias been drawn up by the J'rocesslon  committee, and practically- covers the  proposed great Industrial parade from  one eii'l to the other: iMcrchants*'  lloiit. llrst prize $:!0, second $20; manufacturer*' float, llrst $.'iO, second''$20;  union-made.goods, first $l!0, second $20;  fishermen's float (two or, more to compete), first $23; best display of home  manufactures, first $20; firemen's float  (best decorated apparatus), first $20,  ���second $10; floats not (Otherwise, classified (two or more to compete), first $20,  second $10.   . .������*.'.';..  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out.- J. J. Sparrow, Palace;livery  stables..   .  OUR INDUSTRIAL SYSTEM MAN-  MADE. ���  There Is one thins, when we come  to consider the origin and development  of our present industrial system, we  should not forget, and that Is, lt Is  man-mado. It Is largely a makeshift.  It is an effort, an honest effort; it Is  a contribution on the <part nf those  who created 'It ito attain a proper regulation of Industrial operations. It hns,  however, no divine warrant. In fact,  we say it without fear of contradiction, that Clod never had anything to  do with It. That will become more  apparent the .further we proceed.  There are two positions which we may  take towards this isystem under which  so many groan, beltie,bui*dened. First  thai of Hegel, the great German philosopher���n man who is to-ilay Inilu-  encing 'many well-known leaders of  thought and action. He say��. whatever exists is rational. That Is absurd.  There may be a rationale or reason for  wlmtever exists,' that may lie granted,  tut to say 'that everything is.rational  or reasonable is'u very different ithing.  Suppose, for example, that a man said  in the days when slavery was a part of  our national life, "'whatever exists Is  rational," why that would have been a  justification tiotli for Ms existence and  Its perpetuation. Suppose, .further,  he had said when the working man  was a slave, whatever exists in rational, why that would have been a  strong reason for keeping Mm then  and now in that debasing condition.  There 'was no doubt a reason 'why slavery existed, and why men attempted  to perpetuate it, and that reason Is  neither difficult to find or give; but to  .say that the reason was .reasonable or  -justifiable, is equivalent to saying t'hat  every unjust, unfair and Inhuman thing  which exists" Is reasonable, which Is  absolute nonsense. It is really wonderful what balderdash' a wise man  will utter at times.. This statement of  Hegel's has been called ultra-confer-  vatisni, and there is no douht about lt,  but that the classes thought this a  very comforting philosophic doctrine.  For, literally carried' out, it conserved  them in their privileges andi conserved  the masses in their slavery. You  have only to hold' it up to the light  to see how flimsy and gauzy it is.  You have only to analyze it to see how  full of error it is. You have only to  apply if to see how full of nonsense  it is. Whatever exists Is not rational.  Many thinks which exist are:most irrational and unreasonable, and minds  have ben given to us ito test and .prove  everything; to find put what, should  and should not exist. When we. apply  th4__ dictum: to-oiir present. Industrial  system it does not heip us. If a. man  says to. us, t'hat because It exists*'.it:  Is rational, we immediately ask, why  so? How can- jwi prove, it to be  rational? What are the reasons w-hicli  show it to be Reasonable, and therefore the best that we can 'possibly  have'' -Sftieh a sayinfe or doctrine will  Hot hold water. It may have suited  "the dark ages, but in these days It  is df no weight. A man coin-es to us  andi says. You must believe in such  aiid'sucih a thing. Why so? "Because  it exists." he : replies. "Nay, friend."  we reply. : If we are to believe, you  must 'supply,: us" with some other reason than .that:it exists. AVhy does it  exist, and why should ' It longer exist?. Is it true? or Is it false? Such  ciuesMons go to the root of {hings and  help, us to '. airrive at proper conclusions why ai - thing should or should  not be beMeved. So when a man says,  our industrial system exists, and because It exists it is rational, we reply:  "Exist it does, but it it be, reasonable  lt must befor some more weighty reason tha.il thej fact of Its existence."  The other position is that expressed  by MeipMstbplieles'���Goethe's great  creation. Of course everything that  comes in the way df advice from the  devil is suspicious. We-have to be on  our guard, andi to be very "careful  about accepting Ills views In anything  purporting to be in the interests of hu-  *hiahri>?7^He-h'ai3--led-us?.so=often-fro*n=  the right paths that he Is likely to do  so afrain. Ills dictum is, "All that originates, deserves to he destroyed."  That also Is arrant nonsense, and It Is  not a bit more sensible (ban the other.  It goes to the other extreme. It is  radicalism run mad. It Is monstrously destructive, as the Other Is monstrously ���conservative, and while the  one would prefuiVe or t'onserveevery-  tlilng thou exists because-It exists, the  oilier would destroy everything for-thi.  nipini' reason. Jiisilct', goodness.  Minught, and reason all originated.  Love, man. freedom, lLburtyt���nil orli;-  '.ited, hul do they deserve to be de-  'stroyeil on that account?' Tills reimon  litis only 'to be stated to see how dangerous and ftmllKli It Is. When a man  Mierefi>re comes to u��, and says that  bur present Industrial rfywtetn deserves  to bo desti"oyvd, because it originated,  why you see at once that Is no reason  for destroying anything, In fuel It  ���might be-a reason for Its preservation.  ���We have men In oifcr midst who talk  like both Hugel and Mephistopheles���  but the one is as .dangerous to ��odety  us the other, and their reasoning l��  shallow and devoid of ordinary common sense. There-is n "deeper principal Involved, which both "Hegel'and  Mephistopheles do nol .take the trouble  to notice. There is a question which  naturally suggests'" Itself, and which  ���brushes as.de these cobwebs. This  question asks the thing which exists,  are you right? are you just? a.re,:you  ���the best we can have? andi; are you  doing; the best, ;not for a. class, but  for tne whole people? That's what we  ���want to lenaw, and by knowing this in  ���Its very truth we can proceed either  ���to preserve or destroy! "what ��� exlstsl  Tills brings us back to our industrial  system. We say it originated; we say-  It exists, but we say further that it  Is.man-made. It was made by men  who had all the power In their own  hands, and they made it entirely to  suit their own ends and purposes. We  ���may call It' a growth. Jt hsis gruwu  and grown to what lt Is to-day. A'  ������lass of men made It. A selfish class  made It. for 11 wius made by and In the  interests of those who had full control  In Ihe state, and hence it wus not  ���made In llie Interests of the powerless.'or In other words of the worltlng-  ulasses. What was made by man can  either be changed. Improved, or destroyed by man. The thing which exists, ami whlcli proves itself by low?  ixperknce'to be In ihe best Interests  nt man, can bv kept by man. "What  ���lilting, however, which proves Itself to  be detrimental to the best Interests of  ���man cuiv be changed by, man. -We do  not aecwpt or reject our present system, because it exists���that, as we  have shown, is no valid reason ut nil.  We simply note the fact, that man  ���made this system, that It has no  .divine warrant, that man may change  'what he lias made, and thegreat mid  only reason why .men should either accent: It or reject it to-day is whether it  is useful or useless; whether it Is suited  or unsulted to the interests of the  greatest number. , Y      .-��� . ,  -.-'-������-'-' ���.������������ \ '���:���--  PALACE CLOTHING HOUSE.:  The Palace Clothing House Company, 110  Cordova. Street, Vancouver, are -receiving  shipments ot fall goods daily and the spacious stoi> is filling up rapidly -with a full  Hue of all the latest styles and patterns  In'men's furnishings, \tor fall aud winter  wi'nr. Fishermen would, therefore, do well  by looking over the stock in this 'well-  known establishment before purchasing  their supplies. The prices are unusually  low and the, Quality ot the goods will  compare well with the best eastern houses.  Following- is a sample list of bargain  prices:  Ealn coats .. .. .. ".. .. ..$4 60  Men's all-wool underwear, suit.. 1 00  Men's fleeced lined underwear, suit 1 00  Boys' serge suits for ..'  .....  ....     85  ���Boys' short pants for .. .. .. ....     35  Men's suits for ....  ..  .'.- ..  ..  ...3 85  Men's^new Fair overcoats., ".."j.. 5 00  Men's top shirts..  ........  ..  ..     25  Men'stweed pants:. .... .. ..  ..$100  Men's hmats, worth $2:. .... .. .. 1 00  Men's tweed���;vests..  ..  ..Y. ....    75  Men's white shirts..  ..  ........     45  Men's fine cambric & Oxford'shirts    60  Neckties..  ....  ..........  ..  ..     10  Braces.. ........ ...... .... ..    10  Handkerchiefs & linen collars, each   10  Every union man should sulbsoribe  to The Inctqpendent andYget another  subscriber to- take lit also' and; thus  spread! ithe, light. . . .. Y  Al! llie new styles  at Maxufactuueks'  Piuc'Kk, from' $2.50  up. Send for cata- '���  logue of photograpic  supplies.  BAILEY B1����S. C��., Ltd.  HOOKS, .STATlOXKltV; I'UOTO SU1TI.IES, ETC.,  1S8 CordoviiSireot      ���      - ���  Vnnenuver, I). C.  Vancouver to New  Westminster and the  Fraser River.      �����*      j*  A BEAUTIFUL TRIP ON THE MAGNIFICENT ELECTRIC CARS.  Leaving Carrall street every*hour,  from 7 a. ro. till 10< p. m. (Saturday  and Sundays, 11 p. m.)  Last car from New Westminster, 3  p. m. (Saturdays and Sundays, 10  p.-in.  ���HARES���Single,  35 cents;  return,  CO  cents.  SPECIAL    SUNDAY    EXCURSIONS.  Tickets for sale at oflice only.  ROUND TRIP, FIFTY CRNTS.  li. C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., IJD.  J. BUNTZEN,  Gen. Mgr.  ir ymi wunt ymir  eynh Ii-.Ii.mI cull on  i n'nr dorlor of op.  lies,   lie will iwl  fri'e of rluirve.  llAVIhsoN linns,,  The Jeweler.  ^^~"THE  Chas, Woodward Co.,  t'OBMEXLY C. YVOODWAKD.  LIMITED"  Blankets  oo  88  You will need them later on, nnd by buying now you are sure of a  splendid assortment. Our prices are the lowest ln the City; wc buy direct  from tho mill.  White Blankets..  ...... J1.B0, $2.00, $2.2*. ?2.*fl, t-\m  Grey Blankets .:..  from Sl.73 up to $0.00,  Law size Cotton Ulnnkets, In white or (.rey.. Wc  Comforters and Quilts at blK reductions.  Klondike Goods at Half Price  There is still a large assortment ot these Roods In stock, nnd ln order  to clear out tlio balanco wo offer them at Just HALF PRICU for tho  next fow days.  People ifoinpr North would dn well to have a look through these Roods,  aa It means a big saving in an outfit.  Boot and Shoe Department  Children's School Boots, the kind that wear. Wo htlvo a lajgo variety from $1.00 to J2.00. ., .   "  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  gCCCCCCCe555C55.Q5555S_55555555C_55555C_J55CQCCGCCCCc<  ���"���������.������������^.���'���������^���������^������f ���������������������'  f  ���  ���BGjtX"*"*  Cfevefend and  ���bUnr oici|cie& I  ���  CCCCCCCCCO  liia..  HP���  SOLE AGf NT,      %  24 Cordova Sit. X  t  McLennan,  ricFeely & Co,  WiHOUESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  Slieli* and Heavy  Hardware  SOLE AGENTS FOR: Electric Rubber Belting; Beardmore  Double and Single Leathe i" BoltinB; Majestic Ranges; Jameti  Stewart's Wood Stoves; Valentine's Varnishes and Colors; Fair-  bank's Scales; Giant Powder Company's  -sDyraamifes-  Also the Registered Brand of  SUNSET Axes,    Saws,    Shovels,  Spades,  Cutlery,  Razors. Hammers, Hatchets, etc.  MAIL  ORDERS  RE CEIVE PROMPT ATTENrTION.  Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.  A GOOD VIEW  Bomo men are well clothed from one  point of view, but you sec them at another angle,' and their clothes are full of  wrinkles and crudity speaks in all lines.  WE UNDERSTAND HOW TO OLOTHE  OUR CUSaxjiMEIRS so tlmt back, front  or'sldo view Is equally correct and elegant.  DAN. STEWART  130 Cordova Street.  Special Sale  f1/��rB  W. T. FARRELL,  Employment  nnd  Genernl A��<-'nt,  Reul Efttatc and Inmuroncc 13 ro leer  Areliitectuftl Pltuis   and- I'erspectivoii  1'ruparcd;  Ftirm and Timber Lands, Business nnd Resi ,  dontinl City Property for sulu.  Special nttuii-  tion given to senilis"tuid-renting liousu and  store property; rents collected;   experienced  valuator.        '  Uoom 7, ThompHon-Ocie Btocfc,  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  The~  MEBMIS iEIHWE  3COOOOOOOOOOOOOOCOOOCOCOC  IfKring the Only UiMn-Dnte Grill Room \  in 11. (J. wliieh in itself in ti gutiranteu C  of a yinit-Cluss Hotel umlllcslmiriint . .   C  30CCCCC  Seymour Strccct,  S2.50 & $3  HAT&  for $2  To Clear Oft' Stock l>u-  foro   wo   open   tin.1  Now Good*!.  20 CulllMiV  MTIIKKT,  A R. ROBERTSON.  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  llendiiiinrtcrs for the eiiKlneerlne; trndu  In Vancouver,  fil-IOICEST^-*:^-  Liquors and Ggars  Klret-clns. rooms from Co cents up.  ROBT. MJNTLY,   ���   -   PROP  J. P. TURNER  Wines, liiquoi's und (".gars  670 Granville St., Vancouver  Teleidioue il!"i.  NOTICE.  ���\Vc are affnln ottering a Scholarship  free tor tuition and books to the student  o( Public Schools of Vancouver passing  into the High School at the comlns examination with the highest marks ln Head  ine, WrltiiiK, Spoiling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  oi; the Schools or theYurfderslgnod.  The II. It. A. Yogcl Coniinereial College  Labor Day  If you want a FHmt, a Banner  or any kind of a Decoration for;  _theibi5iCeIcbration,_be.6ure,and_.  call on  THE.  Ci LOBE �� ION WORKS  311 Homer 'itreet, Vimeouver.  Tllos. SlUlll', .MiuiHKer. .  \\*I3 AHIC Sl'KCrALISTS/.  Tlie First Labor Paper pub-  Olisliotl in tlie intercstiof . ..  . �� labor and wo aro tho First  0 Store to servo tlie public ..  ��The Cheapest Reading  0 in Vancouver     ������==*  You Bring Back Two Old Novels ami)  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S....  130 Plastings and''  "14 Arcade  P.   O.   Box 347;  Vancouver, B. C.  1   or other light articles lit very rensnimblc ���  J   rates.   AUSTIN, it.JORDAN, UOl I'o.vellSt..

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