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The Independent Sep 29, 1900

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Array G  E. Macdonald & Co.  Wellington '.nil  Comox   eoui.   Auv  iiu.ititv innnii 100-lb. tonlOO-ton onlef  Molt SI.2S. li-ton ?1.75.  ..���..���_fs���Foot of Abbou street; tele-  phono aw.   Up-town Office���  612 Hastings St. West  COLONIAL HOTEL  Corner Grunvillo nnd Druke Streets.    .  Choice meals, ple.tsunt rooms, all con--  Ycliiciicc!., liot uml cold baths, ..jllirtnl  anil l��iol jmrlur. bi-st _4ockt_<l bur.  .Neiir-*-  cm hut el to all InilusiriO'*** on Fiil.sy Creek  uml <J. I\  It.  siH.'ps.   Itniei-,  ?L u day  S-I.f-U a \ieek.   T. 0. JtLJGU, pruprieto'.  VOL.  jTAtf COUVEK,'B. C, SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 20, laoo  NO. 1.  WANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  '.Mr. Geo. Wilby, president, occupied  ahe clmlr nit Wed.ios.duy night's, meeting of the I_n.lK.ir Party, held In Union  Huill. There wiui a. good attendance-  JUler disposing or tlie minutes a iium-  licr of names tvero submitted' for mcin-  lieivlifp and Accepted.  ���T. S. Raxtor, wcretary Llberil Asso-  ���ekilion, wrote asking the "Labor Party  ���lo join .will*' them, lir nominating a  candidate for the forthcoming election.  It was moved and seconded - tihat the  YUilmr 1'nrty take action on the proposition.  ��� After a very lengthy discussion on  llie proposition it was decided t'o fuse  ���with the Liberal Tarty In iiomlnatliig  <i candidate.  TJir liolcgatcs. selected tvero: XV. Davis, .1. .Morton, II. Cowan, J. V. Cook, J.  Wix��n. .1. Pearey, T. AV'ise, A. aicWhir-  -lor, .!. Wal'kins, ill.��IJl.tIe, P. McAtlis-  .ler, S. C. Campbell, C "Wilby, H. AVil-  Jiatu.sun, J. II. iUrowno, J..'H. Watson,  *H. 'Ruckle, O. .Dibden, C. J- Salter, ,\V.  I'ojMHl. C.  Zwiick. ''  The following Is the platform adopted:  .1. That th* distribution, of parllsi-  nieii'tury representation throughout the  .Dominion be established und' inalntalii-  ��1 mi .a uniformly 'equitable basis.  S. Government ownership of all public serWees which are by- their nature  -monopolies.  .'1. ���That all revenues for public purposes be derived by. a tax on land valines.  4. That the government Issue and  ..rnnt'til the medium of exchange.  Ti. Government works to be done,by  ���liny labor, and' that eight hours shall  ���uouKtltute'a day's work.  li. Abolition of all assited' immlgra-  liion; the oliulilioni of Asiatic immigru-  .ttiin, and the regulation of ull immigra-  ���'lon by an educational lest a�� to their  Ylitness, and tlie alioiltion. of all special  . Inducements and: privileges'to foreign  siiiiniigrnnts to settle tin  the Dominion.  7. The .'ibolUI'On of the Senate, iund  ���Jhe Introduction of direct legislation.  -Thi? delegates were instru.jccl to  Kiuwrt a proposition that the expense  of the candidate shall be defrayed by  dlie convention.  Tins delegates were 'Instructed l.ot to  supportany candidate, unless he subscribes to the platform.  "The candidature of .Mr. Roht. aiac-  _jJieismi_V(0. 'emlorsectr'and the"dele-"  __-,'i tiM  Insti-ucted   to' act , accordingly.  It wns agreed' to hold an open "meeting next Wednesday, when a lecture on  Hilie Chinese qucstiou  will be given.  Adjourned.  THE RIGHTS OF MAN.  No finslble min will deny���'though  llK.'ie are some foolish ones���that jniin  luis nights. We mean by tha't stute-  anenl nol some men, but all men lviivo  certain rights iwliieh are ithdr due, und  which'.ought to be freely ulnd- ungrudg-  dnHly given lo them. We must not for-  jgol, however,1 tha't this view Is com-  a*irri'<'HvcIy ti new view. In the "good  mid days" only some men had rights,  Who rest were supposed to have none,  iln thr.se- days when Height was right  ��md baxotiM held their sway the ser-  I'iint, 'tlie' man who had to work, tihe  viiohived. were all deemed as having no  nights. They were regarded ��� a�� de-  -peiiiUints anil? .hence depended��� upon  ���iheir siiperiims for everything. The  ������will <if the masters settled everything.  3n the days wh��ii kings were supposed  to have IMvine 'rights to 'torture and do  amy .-thing they iploasad'���the: mass of  invn wore c-o;is.dercd as beings ilinvlng  im 'rights beyond what nny lord or my  Wing were pleased to dispense.. In luls-  tory we rend a .great deal about the  .rights of- kings, barons, land lords,  ,clc. but very, very little o.hoiit the  rights of num. as man. It would be  j. very proper iuvraligatlon to inquire  uiiiiv   lliese    oilier  fellows    got   their  rights. "WiTh'ave'nTThe slightest hesF  ���tinti'in   in  pivimunulng 'their supposed  Yrlghtp n.s bogus rights, for they ivrench-  �����l 'them ���from  olheiw by  fence,  fraud  'mid.'murder.    Such rights as .these ex-  'i-lm-ivcly -claimed'-- wore  dh'tilnet  viola-  l-ltmw of Hie  finst.  principles of Cliris-  <;tui-!ty.iinil of the lmws governing liu-  niunHy. ni:"l In- claiming Uiem unci  in  I'xercising t.liein they robbed-llitflr iira-  ���ihcr of t'Jic riglits which God his F.ttlier  ��� irisuit 111111 Jn! should possess and en-  Joy, Onc'jgcl Into your head that uny  rlglil idnlineil by"any one which Is an  In.lu.'-Tlci* to mini In. Ills totality Is a  Jiogus right, and you will not have any  ���Mii'ilip.s of con.si.ii.no' lu ileslt'oylng it;  W'lii'ii :i i*iss,iif men are defrauded of  (heir ilghls. llie fnitid will soon make  : Itself iiianirt'Ut. .-ind Hie defraudod will  ."mum nialce their grievance known, and  ivllluinmntelyy ���sooner  or  later,   put  rorlhY.'.forl.s to  get their rights back  -.iigMiln.'  That is Jii.��t what may be ex-  ���pecled, nnd ���what Is penfeclly .liistlfia-  ���ble.'.r ..Mini 1* never Kafisfled .with  less  ���Mian  Ills  rights.      Hence  the  bai-ons.  long sensible of being unjustly deprived ol' their rights; rose as one iniiii ami  Tf/twil 'from  an   unwilling  king  wauit  ���they though1! belonged lo them.    They  t'oiizht in a sense for more than tliem-  _--elvcs. for t.'hey. n portion of humanity,  taught tlie. rest, what tlhey ought W do.  ���"Durlns ithe reign of the Stuart kings,  ���llie divine) right of "kings Is often mentioned, und Uie conflict In  these,days  ��� -irais nearly oni. be.iveen it bogus right  and kings���and  the real right of men.  It uvalies one blush wiltli Miviime us we  read the* slory of theie day*..    AVe do  not feel  so  ImUgniint with  the sovereigns, who set up this monstrous claim,  as with the bishops uivd courtiers who  attempted'to justify them In making a  claim which was an outrage on humanity.     Kings,  if yon  have,  must have  divine right.', but what aie they?    To  rule wisely mul justly.        To  be  the  slkiphirds of their subjects.    To.be the  best "and the ablest of men.    To b2 examples to the "people in all good  unci  noble  filings.    -To be, in u word,  the  refuge and the avenger of ull who arj  oppressed.    Such were their;lights.  On  the oilier hand they claimed the rlglit  'to imprison, l\i torture, fto defraud, to  .lie; to -prevaricate, to steal and to murder.    In other wonls, they claimed the  rli_i.il. to make a nation of men mere  pupiicts,  shu'es,  nothings.     But over  against the false claim arose the God-  made   claim   of  ithe   people   for  tlielr  lights which neither kings can give nor  take away.    Thhil,claim demonstrated  tho eternal  fact    that    anyimasined  Ulalm of lilrigs that conilicted1 with the  rlg'htS! of .tlie? people  must  be'In the  very nature of things a slui.n'<> iiml a  fiuud,, that  no   Individual,  no  matter  what WsYposition In life nmy-'be, can  monopolise,Ihe rights of humanity, und  ���that the real lights of a Icing can only  be tthose  ���which    harmonise  with  the  i'lshts of the peoiPle. . Of course' there  wns a struggle.    Ol" course church and  state combined to put down  by force  ���those  who .presumptuously   dared   to  oppose a king, but the people true to  their God-given  Instincts,  true  to  tlie  1*111 of Rights which their Father had  given them, fought and suffered until  at last their rights were conceded.    In  oUier ways we come againstthe. ,wor\I  rights?       For  a   long  time  after the  ciuest.on of the Divine Right of Kings  was settled, .the people, were deprived  ofvother <righ.tR to which they were justly .'.entitled..',. They  weie dummies .because they have no 'voice in the representation?of the nation, and?no say in  ���the Govci-hment of.the nation;. 'Political   power  was   In* the  liunds  of  the  classes,  the masses .were   as tlioug'h  they -'were  not.?-\Tliis  produced   mnny  evils.   For one   tiling  parliament  was  ii  class    assemblage.   Class    interests  were, conserved.; 11 dldl   "not    matter  ���how     great    might -  be    t'he    wrongs  abounding, the' people were ciphers in  our political system, and so the -vrongs  were perpetuated. ..Redress was -practically impossible, for it the thlng'com-  pialned* about touched in the slightest  way:possible  the interests of the,all-  j-6werful, It was'hardly to be expected  fcK'tvfc^.lV,��j.-;w��>.i.l. .lcj..Jre.- ll.��.-"i=ttl .��_.-��.;  anything in-favoivof nien:.who;��� were regarded'? as "'political; nonentities. ?The  classes; claimed1 -the right to open or  sluit-.tlieUlooi? 6f.fparliament,; r.*:d' to  leglslateYov not legislate, Just us ,1'hdy  pleased. Y'Su'elr a condition ,of things  could riot ."possiblyY last: for ever.-'By'  ���one .way" and'another; .the eyes of the  people were not'only opened' to see tha  fact, 'that a man'.,who lias no political  rights is. a.,,slave.- but.t'hai a. free t-tLi���  zen of .;a?free . country ouglit ��� to .h-'Vf:  the .same rig.ht�� as the biggest toad. in.  ���tlie aristocratic ''puddle. They felt that  they .had been, robbed' ot" their rights  long enough, anil "were -determined that  they werVgoing to be robbed no longer..  They demanded, audi demanded , right?  eou.sl.v.,pollt1e.il eqnullty, not'as' a matter of grace, but'as ii right; In other  words, the musses said to the classes,  we want our rights, and there shall  be.no peace in Hie land' until we gee  them. . With -agitation came opposition.  The 'classes1, temporized. .���'. Sometimes  they*, fought'.'against the claims one  way arid'".sometimes another, but in  the; end In .spite of nil the forces of  the classes," 'the unenfranchised nwia.es-  ,received! I'helr rights to have a full  nnd equal shnre with all otlr.'r, men In  parliamentary' life. These different illustrations bring .before us the  struggles of different 'classes of men nt  different times .'to gain their rights.  We recognize to-day- clearly that just-Ice'-'was nil -on the side of those who  sought their rights, and. injustice all  on the side of those who attempted to  withhold these rights. Well, tli'j question comes home, what are the rights  of man to-dayV Some would-be philosophers retort.' lias he any? We  answer that that mail' must belong to  t'Jie derelict' portion of humanity who  believes that he.has no rights- Such'a  .iiiiin_ls_iiell'heiL_of__;use__to__.h_ii-.iself.���oi:__to.  ���exi'St not for protecting capitalists,  landlords, and classes, but they may  protect the people by'preserving t'helr  rights to tli��m, and that, live strength  of, nay government lies in the mandate  which that government receives from  t'he people. In 178!) In the Nntloniil Assembly of France, these self-evident  truths were set forth In- that grand  uSel'.irutlcn of the rights of nvui. The  representatives of the people of France;  formed Into a national -assembly, con-'  sldoring that? Ignorance, neglect, or  contempt of human right? nre thu s-'le.  c.ius? of."public; mlsfortum's and c>r-  r.uiitlonii' of governments, have lvsolved  to set . forth !u a, solemn' declaration  those natural and Imprescriptible and?  'unalienable rights, and do recognize;  and declare ln the presence of the SU-;  preme 'Being, and with the hope'of .His;  blessing and favor,'.-the following sacred .rights of men and of citizens:  "Men are born and, always continue  free and ..equal'.,In. respect of their  'rights, and these rights, are libertyy  property, security nnnd resistance of.J  oppression." 'It? is nothing to the pur-?  pose of this discussion, that both the  governments of llie United1 States and  France have turned t-hilr backs upon  these rights���the rights remain. No  government can give these rights. No  man, whether he be president or king  can either give or take away- lliese  rights. No constitution can alter them,  because they' nre God-given, lindi'-t'.i'*/'  are as indestructible, ns unchangenble,  and as eternal us the Giver of them.  CAPITAL AM) LlliOit.  .VERT NE.VHTO STATE SOCIALISM.  ���New Zealand Is far ahead of Ythe  CHli'er colonies, of Australasia, aiid,.'iii'  fact, of any-other country* In the world,  in its treatment of the unemployed,  says the 'Coxtonlnir.Quarterly*.Ylt has  a well-considered plan In actual operation, .by :Wihlch tlie, ��� unemployed; are  gathered -up in cities at; Govern merit1  labor - bureaus, and are ��� forwarded; to  one;.. point or another where they* are  wanted' on ?. government . railways -or  othoriv public, works. 'At... these poinW  Ihey are-not kept in camps; to be scattered , again when the. work is through,'  but they are assigned (arms, and their  tasks are so arranged that they work  alternately for the, government and on  their own land- The government'nd-,  vances them money to clear-their? land',  and'build themselves houses. In all  parts of the polony the penniless out-,  of-work is by this system being con-;  verted irtto a thrifty landowner. , Y':.,"  ���Mt*-is-;ri'oj to1 the   unemployed alorie i. .. ,    , ,, ,    ��� .u      ,     .,���  'Rev. J. J. "Wlielan, 0. -AI. 1��� prea?hed  as follows lust Sunday morning (10::ti).l  In   ihe  Church,   of the   Holy   Kosary  "On   Earth,   1'eaee   to  Jlen  of    Good  Will"���Luke 11:1-1: . ���-..  Our Deviue .Saviour, may dear breth-  lcn,  came on  earth  uit the. Prince  o"  Pe.--.ce, and-at'this coming Angela sang:  "l'tv-tce to  men  of good  will."    Pease  meant tix... tranquility of . ord'er,   unci  crder Is the right relation, of one thing  to, anoi'hen    Our relatlor.shi])   to   Almighty., God and' to),our. fellow men Is  determined by the natural and: revealed   laws of God; by the precepts of religion and by the dictates of justice and  charity.    There oun bo no tranquility,  tv'e.r'e can be no peace in. society or In  the hearts or'individuals'.where the^e  laws and these dictates are not observed.    Only  in "the  obsei'vence of these  laws can society be saved from lamentable disorder and disruption.   One of  the great .evils which is at present .a  menace ,to society, w,hlch..ad'heres like  a  foul disease  to  the social organism  is the antagonism between Capital and  Labor,  between  the workihgman .' ami  the employer.   This, my brethren, is a  problem which  may  long tax  the ingenuity of mens minds for a solution.  ���.But in vain will they look for that solution eilsewhere than In a return to reMg-  ious principles'audi Christian sen tlments  The root of the whole evil lies, in the  absence of religion, In a want of regard  for justice amd oharHy, In are insatiable greed' for riches and' for the enjoy-  iinent    of  the    things    of this earth.  'Slate irreliglon. the .state without God  i'n its mind, its systematic shutting out  of Goil from  the  minds of youth; tits'|  'concentration of wealth  In the hands  ���of a. few and1 the mbnoply.   of , labor;  ������unions of workingmen. guided1 by anti-  ehristian or: socialistic principles, dictated to by discontented agitators and  revolutionary .'demagogues���the^e   aii'e  the chief causes of tlie present unrest-  ful state of society and of the abnormal, conditions existing    between    the  .workingman  and   the employer. .  The  Church,  which Is   the  true  spouse  of  Christ, tho Prince of Peace, is naturally  eoncerned  for . the  welfare of   society  and for the peace of nations and peoples.    For this does ehe pray., and' In  tills spirit of her Divine Spouse lias she  ngnin  and  again  warned   men of the  evils that.threaten' society and pointed  . out    to  them   a: remedy.   Iri...this  lias"Ktereti;uporia.deliberate policy of  breakl'rig?u:p;',''the.',Iarg^.?;estates: which  were formed: jn the:early days. It pur-  (-ehisea th-eserestateslf'the owriersare  willing-' to;1 sell; Jf not. It condemns  them. Thelnrid is then' Improved with  roads, properly surveyed, arid is resold  in sninir farmsv " ?  '"'A specimen ease is.that of the estate  of Cheviot, of SO.000 acres, which, un-  'isr'the old'regime, tnipportedi a single  family. The estate was entirely.devoted to the grazing of sheep, but New  Zealand statesmen think that a man Is  better than n. sheep. This: estate has  now- been divided, into: a hundred or  more prosperous little farms, and  where, there was once only one family''  there Is now a population of .2,000.  New. Zealand's latest experiment Is  not Its least Important. It now treats  its worn-out working men arid women  not as paupers, but as honorable pensioners. Every one who ��� has been, In  the? colony 25years. Isai citizen, and  has an. income of less tlian ��'!5 ii year.  Id. entitled to is.' d' day. This Is not1  merely n more tender, form of "charity  than that which prevails in other  countries���it is a distinct recognition of  the? lowest, toiler'.-' right to a share in  tlie  wealth  he has created.  anyone else. Think of >mi:i as you  please he must have rights. As n. son  of Odd he has rights;.us a social being  ho has rights; as a menijier ol' :i great  brotherhood he has rights; as a citizen, a worker, he hns rights, and any  social or Industrial system which robs  him of these rights perpetrates the  greatest of all Injustices upon him. AVe  know that there are so-culled thinkers  wiui nay man has no rights. But If  tills view was eonc'(.d'_d. then1 you open  Hie way for the introduction .of all  klnd-i of evils not only for man. but for  li'iiui'inHy. The only lijpe there Is for  our Industrial race depends .ip":i tholr  taking tlielr stand upon this foundation fact, us children of Cod wo have  rights, and the position Is Impregmib!-..  The rights of nitin were nev.r'bullet'  stated tlvan In the famous Ain-.rlc.in  Declarallon of Independence, "We hold  these truths to be .s-elf-evldent, that  ail. men are. creiited enuai," We are  t'he offspring,-of.-God'., said n liohle so-  called heatlien poet���a truth afterwards, 'sublimated' by t'he teachers of  Christianity. "That1 'they, are endowed  wltl'j certain uiiallenuble rights," most  reasonable to suppose, -most unreasonable .'; to supposeYothierwIse.- : "Tha't  iiimong, these. ��re("life;?')lbbr.ty ..andi, the  pursuit /of 'happiness; that... to i.eciirc  these, rights: governments <are Instituted among men1,, deriving;.:...their, just  powers' from the consent; of the-, governed." Mark three unalienable '..rights  n.rc positively Htatedrthal.goyernnients |  .THE 'RBPLACINO OF CHINESE.  Editor Independent: (Will you kindly print the following: "Whens Hon.  .rames :Duiismt!lr aiinouneed1 his i'nten-  t'lon to replace all 'the Chlnaiiien employed in the coal mine's with white  men. there were ninny political wiseacres who declared that It, was a mere  election dodge, unworthy of credence.  Now. however, .those profound political  economists are being made to sit up  anil rub their Incredulous eyes, iiullg-  iiantily- surprised tliSit their prophesy  ifei___^!iitWQu!yY_rii!!rt^f_=r.iil(iliiient.=biLkj  that-.Mr. 'Dunsmuir has carried out his  promise to the letter."���The Province.  Tlie Hon. .Mr. Duiisinulr nuisl be  eons; ra tula ted for fnitlvfully carrying  out his i-ollilcul pledget.. -lira action  will go a. long way-towards, solving thu  (.���h'liiese ciueftion in llils province. It  has always tieen claimed by olil-tlme  residents 'that the cause ol'-the 'trouble  leading up to ihe wholesale oniploy-  inent of yellow labor at the Wellingtoii  mines, and, tlle .bitterness wllh which  the fntli'er of our ��� honiired premier  fought the labcSr..union's, wns broiiglit  about, arid engineered-. b.v some past  mantel'!" of the art ofpolltles. Tlie.In-  (lepondent, as you are aware, knows  such fo hnve bo^n the case in a. great  measure, The- publication "of the Inside fuels of this great light between  capital tuul labor Would stnrlKi'thu political world of Hritlsh' Columbia. However, as there are only one or two  parties ill the .province'.nt the present  time, who nre,1 .thoroughly c'onver.siiiil  with Hie matter,'and- who were prominent factors; In that section al tho time  and who remain' as dumb ns oysters,  for reasons best known to themselves;  ���the facts may never be published.'-'  A'N OLD-T,l;.MER.   ���  ' Vancouver. Sept. 28,,1000., ;?1!  When you want to.'hlre a first-class  horse and buggy,' go to the Palace  livery otables.   Telephone 125.  JjCI your,,lJ))Ion be your politics.  encyclical'-letter, on capital and.labor;  wherein he Ydealt. exhaustively    <vlth,  this: momentous  question,   lie-therein  pointed out the duties of the state towards  the  workingmen,  the most, numerous class of its cUIii-ms.'.'; He showed'. .'Each class has Its rlgihts and its  duties of the employer and Ilia einpljy-  ed, ?what are the rights and .what the  duties.     The   onv mu-X   resp'eet, the  rights  of,the other.. Each  must,perform the duties demanded of It bv the  other.   It cannot be denied, iiiy. brethren,  that the working classes _ii\i, as  our Holy Father says.  In many lands  "in a state  of unmerited' misery and  suffering."   It  cannot   be  denied   that  the Inordinate greed for gain and the  monopoly of labor on  the part of Hie  rich   leads   to   the   oppression   of   the  working , men.      Oftentimes   are   they  looked upon -as so many pioees of machinery,   instruments   of   gain,   rather  than as 'human beings, children of God.  the common Father of aII liieu.: Oftentimes  are  their  employers  so  gree'Jy  and rapacious of wealth tha: they take  .���idva'ntnge    of   the poor   man's, needy  condition   to   tax  him. to   the   utmost  limit of his strength 'and energies und  to  give   him    an   iiisiitlleient    wage���  wages thai' merely enable him to drag  out  a  miserable, existence.'. Tn.s,my  brethren.  Is   the  crime  of  the nge'iii'  whlcli we live, a crime that nuist one  day  bring its retribution.   .For  to  oppress the poor or defraud  the laborer  of   his  wages   are   sins    that c.'y to  heavsn for vengeance.   To make .-lives  and  tools of men,   to  take advantage  of  their  necessity  and  hire  them   for  starvation' wages,  wages  less  than   Is  just  or suflicinet.  is  a  crime  against  .humanity and'against the laws of God.  In justice the working man is entitled  to n wages that will provide him with  =coinfoi'tabIe=lodlg!rig,=l'ooil���ami���^loilw  ing.   Tlie  work  of: tlie   laborer  is an  object    of    commutative    Justice,    uf  strict justice.   Anil as our Holy Father  again says:   Let ill? employer ami the  employed come to.wh.it agreement they  will,   for  above   their  free-consent  is  the   more  elevated   and' older  law  cf  natural  justice   which   proclaims   '.hat  wages ought to be sulllclent. to secure  iviibsistance  fer an   honest    and  sober  working  man.   Greatly   Indeed   is  our  Sovereign   Pontiff  concerned    for   Ihe  welfare of. the sons of toll and for the  alleviation of their misery and suffering,   llesldes pointing but to statesmen  and employers their duties to working-  men, another menus of bettering lhelr  condition he has also counseled and advocated-   'Lot the wi'rklngnieii, s.iys he,  organize.   In  union "then'  Is citrength.  Hut lot their organizations be founded'  on and guided  by, mutual-charity and  religion-.   This,   my    brethren,.   Is   the  need of the times and this Is what the  .great majority of  the uiilons and societies:' we have are not.   They are lot  of such ,a nature as to merit, our encouragement or approval.   Most of the  societies of tho'present Mine are antl-  Christlan.  or  in   character    estranged  from the spirit'-and'touching'of Chris-'  tlanlty.'  Societies    wherein     men   are  bound together by oath, bound".to ab-  soluteseereay anil blind obedience, no  matter' ho.w good or harmless they may  seem;to'bo. are morally bad and condemned   by-the   church,   No  Catholic  can" belong1, to- them:'.Societies'.'without  any of these objectionable features,  wlieieln men arc united for their e.im-  ui'in interests and for an ameiloration  of tholr grievances are not bed In  themselves, but they are defective un-l  In-adequate unless founded on charity  and religion and Inspired by,a spirit  nnd desire of conciliation. They will  never effect" a real ..and lasting g.Hid  unless guMed by such principles and  such. a .spirit. As we have them at  present they, seem to be animated with'  a spirit of -antagonism to capitalist  :ir.'d employer, by a spirit of diwontent  and revolution, rather than by a spirit  of.rttiiclllailnn and peace. They are or  such a nature ns to cause the division  between rich and poor to be all the  greater, the isolation' of the" working-  man from the employer to be" all the  more, pronounced and apparent. In  such societies the spirit of discontent  is easily roused-into retaliation and rebellion on the .first appearance of an  injustice. Then , there is a strike, it  lock-out, the result of which Is oftentimes e'alnmatlous to the community  at large, to the employers and especially' to the workingmen' themselves. Is  a strike then ever lawful or are there  any unlawful features in a strike?  This, my brethren, is a question..'that  intimately concerns many.of you. nAny.  Individual who believes that.he is'In-  sufliclnetly paid for his- work or treated unjustly han. the right to suspend  work If he so choose. . -Moreover, in  view of common Interests and like conditions he has a right to: Induce his  fellow laborers to Imitate him. if.he  can do so by the ordinary ways of legitimate persuasion. . This is an extreme measure, though, sometimes perhaps the only means the workman has  of making his rights be recognized and  respected. Strikes, within these limits,"  are", therefore,lawful, but be. they ever  so lawful they are dangerous'arid disastrous to the interests of the workingmen themselves. Some years ago  a:stri:ke of 30,000 nilners In FhiriceYre^-  sutted in a .loss of $3,000,000 to the employers and employed, and It lasted  only two' weeks.- Statistics .-'show, that  the, number"' of strikes.for.eight years,  in the United States, ending ..with the  year 1SSS, was 5,453, 'and .-the loss to  those who had beeiv employed was $77.-  538,324. Strikes/however, are not only  d'aiigerous. but sometimes'even unlawful. .They are .unlawful .when the  strikers resort to the injuring of. life  or; property, when they injure or destroy the property" of their employers  orwhen they, use violence to prevent  any of their fellow men; from continuing cir ''resuming', their .work. If some  are sn tJanad?\v1t-'i;_t.lio .>.^��^/l.lt-^nn-y.t^.. i'l.  falre they1 have a right to:be allowed  to continue their . work ? unmolested,  without being troubled in the exercise  of. their; liberty.;,Strikes' are therefore  sometimes? unlawful, and even when  they are. lawful thay are as a. rule no  remedy for the grievances of the workingmen. If they gain 'anything-.by a  strike, they, gain-it.-at a1 loss, at a loss  of several .days or perhaps several  Weeks'. wages, whereas without'.'.any  strike at all, by, conciliatory ..means aiid.  arbitration, they could' In most cases  .gain vis much'Without any. loss whatever. In solving this difficult question,  the first thing to be borne In mind-is  that capital and labor were Intended  by Divine Providence to work hand In  hand for the comon good of society.  There oan be no capital' without labor,  an'd no remuneration for labor without  capital.?;.(One depends on the other.  The poor man and the rich, the employer unci the employed, were not created, distinct races of men to be1 ever  antagonistic, strangers and averse one  to the other. The rich man should remember that oho Is but the steward  pf; his wealth and the Instrument of  Divine Providence for the relief of the  poor, for the alleviation of the sufferings of his fellow men. ' The ji'nor.  should'' remember that there must ever  be Inequalities'In'ihe condition of men  here: on earth, that labor and toil is a  law of Providence, that poverty i.s 'no'  disgrace, that manual work is honorable, that a life of honest toil is, happier and .healthier than- one of luxurious eaye and idleness. -He should'remember how our 'Divine Saviour showed his predilection? for a life of labor,  tow He chose for'His foster-father St.  Joseph, who was a poor carpenter, iiikI  how. at St. Joseph's tradtvUe 'Himself  worked with his own hamls.^ tbtis  sanctifying and enobllng the calling  and=1eondltIoni^of^^the"^ab"nrav=^TT^  should-remember that suffering is the  WP'PRWTK-  "l  want your figures on  this Job of  prlntli-.'g," i'-Yl-a pr.imliielnt merchant  of Vanecuve:' tc ti;? f;i-:n-._::i of a leading    p i'l at I ns   olllce    In this, city  tli?"  ether Cm: ?    *- '���'"..'  ���'Ail right, sir." said' the foreman.. .  He wai haiid'id the fc-at'eh"of lnanii-  iif-rlpt, arid.after going over it caieful-  ly.  quoted  the  merchant a- fair  price  for. printing.  'lily goodness,man!";.the .merchant  exclaimed, "you are fearfully high. I  can get the work dona much cheaper  in the east. The prices you . printers  charge here. Is ridiculous.' I shall'sendi  this printing to .Montreal."  "Pardon me," said the foreman, "but  1 can get my clothing, boots and shoes. -  groceries, fuel, and1 house 'rent cheaper .  In the east than' I can do here.*' ���''-:'  It Is poor economy on your part to send.  your pi'tnllng away,;whe-n you. run a  business here and1 are dependent upon  the Workingmen of Vancouver, to keep  your establishment open. You,; would?  be. the firet one to raise a howl if the  workingmen of. this city were to club  together anU.sendi east for everything  tha j-  needed'."'  'tit does not matter what you think,"0  I.e said,  us he was leaving'the olllce*.'  "I am running my own business, and  I  do  not  intend, to have my printing  done here wh'_ii I can get it donestv  much chc-aper in Montreal.  , ?There is .not a.'duy'passes--but this  sa'me dispute arises about  the prices ,  of prlii'ting.-.- There. 1s not a job printing establishment in Vancouver but has  cam'e in contact willv th?se inerchants..  There is, not an employing printer  in- Vancouver- buts what "feels the far- ���"���''-  reaching-effect on life business by this  nefarious  practice- . *  ; There Is   not -a  printer  but whose   ?  future  is ''threa'tened  by these Cheap ;  John ;methcds of doing business on tho  part of'some ,of Vancouver's  leading-  -usiness men.  'It has assumed such a serious phase ���  that  The  Independent-believes    it an .  imperative" duty to  call  the "attention '���  of the riiembers, of the Typographical  Union to the'.matter,������and-suggests1 t'hat .,  a commltte<be appointed without d:elay;  to find out the: names of these merch- Y  ���ajrts and" try to induce : t!i-im  to keep.' :-  their printing at home. - If ihe mercli-'  '.-Lil.t.'J ..l'all:..lrt-rto:>inHi...vu;l.f.h  -tl.ol,'- ~t-^n'iinrjl-i_��� :  let  the  matter, be  placed"-before''-;the??"'  Trades aiid, La'bbr Council of this 'city,';--"-,  so -that-- effective   measures, .can1? ba  ���brought to bear1 against these ' merchants, .and1  force   them  to  keep   their? Y  printing at home or stamp thein.but of  business.: ..This is a very serious question, and must be aitendfidi to.'ut.bribe. .  h'srltage of our fallen nature, and tiuit  whatever system or doctrine would set  about changing this ordinance .of IMvine Providence, promising a life of  uninterrupted satisfaction, te In Itself  chimerical and blasphemous'. Finally,  the poor man should remember that he  i*has li'Iirher interests to look to than  thtts'e of an earthly and transitory nature, Mint the goods of this world cannot procure'Utt real happiness, that in  the,words of Holy Writ we have ii'-.i  here a- lasting resting place, but must  seek for one that Is to come.  . FAVORS THE INDEPENDENT.  Following resolutlqn.wns unanimously    passed:  "Ilesolved'^Tliat '..Victoria'".  'I'rades and Labor Council endorse the  Vancouver Independent, as  a,publica-Y  tlon .worthy of the support and goodwill/of all  ��� wage-earners    (and    their ,  friends)  and  that    the    goccl'-wi!'. and  assistance of this   Council   is   hereby,  pledged: ���'.    '      .-���..��� : :   ?  ���The Province:    It is curious   an,il in,  some instances incenvenisnt that Van-?  couver. "Wash., arid ���Vancouver.  B. C,  Should  both 'liave  r"a'vsr,a"ers    nanifHli  The IiKlt'pendent.   There ..does not ap-v.  pear to be any good reason why Brer.  Barliey's .words of wisdom  should  go,  tn ward's  building1 a  professional reputation for a man over in'the state of  Wiishingtoii' whonr '!:3   doesn.t   even;  know.  air. Tlaiph Smith, president "of .'the-'  Canadian labor congress and the new  leader of the Independent,labor party,  of the Dnn\lp.'ion.' paid us a call yesterday, lie says everything is most  hopeful for the labor cause in' ihe east-  He will.contest the seat for the-Van-;,  couver electoral district for the Common?. The workingmen of 'Nanaimo  should feel proud to have the opportunity of electing one of their own class  to represent them in the national parliament.  DUCKS?   NO.   DUCK? 'YKS.  Georgle iinnil Joey wenl hiiniillng  For ducks they thought they could hit.  Hut  the storey is told on returning  How Georgia   got  one.  nnd Joey  nit.  ���1  ' Such was the case in the hunting expedition up Seymour creek Thursday  with George Pound' nml- Joe .Honneau.  two well-known amateur sportsmen.  'Before leaving for . the'wild . nnd  woolly'regions of the creek their-aspirations were so high that they liindo  great' preparations,-"secured, aniunltlon  enough to bombard the Chinese empire, and as. for game . bags. ; they  couldn't find any large eiioiighYuntil  Billy Armstrong presented..them with  a large envelope' saying: "All; ye that  are ambitious and are on the shoot,  come to me1 and J will give thes n  vrobse."?,1'? -- '- ���-.-:���'. -'  The man who breeds dissension lira,  union is the greatest foe union labor  has- to contend against. He usually  employs the cowardly wenpoul of  slander and falsehood again?'t some one  who -has incurred his displeasure, because he did' not go the way the d!s-  cord-briseVr wauled liim to go. nr.r?  because he dared ��� to think different  on eeitnin subjects foreign to the mal-  crni;.'ri'ts ��� reisonlng. ��� Harmony ir the  gre'iUH ferce .ueossary to nihke the  labor movement a suoews, nnd the  man wh:�� I'm1 sell!.*h purposes and  without good ,ivacrn. trl��s to make life  a burden to other members'should! b"'>"  promptly sat upon ��� and1 squelched.���;  Nashville  Advocate. .' '-.?' Y.  Tlie ti'tic nii-*mire of n man Is not the ,  street,   nor   the   ameiiYcorner; in the  church', nor the forum or lodge room,  but at his own fireside.   There he lays  nside   his   mask  and/  you   may   learn  whether h ��� is an Imp or an angel, king  or  cur.  hero or humbug,   il' care  not  what the', .world says of him, whether  It crowns,him with a jewel  or pelts' ,  him with stale eggs-.   I care not.a^cp-?1  per what his reputation may be.:, 'ir:;  his children dread, his home conitagand ?  his wife swallows her heart every-time  she  asks   him   for anything,  he  is ,'a .  fraud of the first water., even, though  he prays, till .he? Is black in the, face ,  and howls hallelujah until he. shakes'  the 'hills.���Class1 Struggle. .'������[������':��� ���.,..' THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. .. SEPTEMBER 29, 1909  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO.  BARTLEY.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   IN*  TEREST  OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COM-  PA*NY.  AT   312  HOMER   STREET,  VER,   B.  C.  VANCOTJ-  SUBSCR1PTIONS  IN   ADVANCE.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; throe  months, 3."> cents; six months, 60 cents;  one year, $1.35.  KNDOKSED  HY THE TRADES AND  LABOR COUNCIL. AND 'TUB VANCOUVER LABOR PARTY.  tnwa.  Labor'  He will  banner.-  bear -an "Independent  -Citizen and  Country.  When a union has a strike on hand  it immediately rushes to the office of  the labor paper for protection and encouragement. When the strike is over  the union usually forgets the paper���  uiili-F'--! some of Its members get roasted. Tills is mighty poor policy on the  part of the union.���I3oot and Shoe  Worker.  The Hritlsh Trades and Labor Congress recently passed a resolution, Indignantly denouncing Mr. , Cecil  Rhodes' proposal lo Introduce Chinese  labor into Rhodesia, and Ittt mines. Mr.  Rhodes has meanwhile found the project equally unpopular In South Africa  uml dropped Jila very doubtful proposal, like a red hot shot, quickly.  F00TL1GHT FLASHES.  .      /^P?K  <UNIOt!U*j:iLABEl>  ' "V^fe'    ���  SATURDAY..  .. SEPTEMBER l  0, 1900  .IiTOEKDKNT* ITEMS.  It  pays  to advertise  In The  ���pendent.  Incle-  ' ;Th  man  e courts cannot enjoin a wo  fromthinking.  ���king-  It  it is  is much easier to cut wages  to find methods.  than  ���"   Complete organization  in  any  means the prevention of strikes.  trade  Has your union an advertisement in  The'Independent. . If not, why not?  That the appearance of a labor  party ln the contest Is heartily feared  by both- the old parties Is evidenced  by the strenuous opposition to the  movement already* manifested by newspapers aud politicians, both liberal and'  conservative. INo better guarantee of  the ultimate success of the independent labor movement could be obtained'.  ���The, Paystreak.lv  Rev. George K. Bigelow, who was in  this) city recently, held a���'series of six  meetings in 'Braiuford last week and  organized a Socialist League with  twenty- members, and twenty more on  the way. Says Citizen and Country:  Mr. Bigelow .line done efficient service to the cause in Canada and will be  remembered by ninny friends who hope  for his continued: welfare in his own  lani/ and home.  We's  a  mighty  poor pvlitlpian  That  can't  catch  'em  both     coming  and  Z'ting.         '   .  If you never did so before, go to the  polls this year and vote your own convictions.;  Did" you get a  The Independent  why not?  new  subscriber  for  this   week.    If  not,  The labor party in- Vancouver ca.n  '"'dictate who shall go to Ottawa. Will  they do so? ���<,  The man, who uses methods shows he  possesses a larger quantity of gray-  matter In his brain, and Is not afraid  to use; it. "      ������ o  It Is proposed to make street railway-  strikes impossible in Chicago, by insert-  ----v, ;-���' "   --��� -- " '-'���.-  providing for- compulsory arbitration.  The man Who pays good wages and  by good management1 makes- money/  has something to be, proud of, for he  has done, something every one can't do.  We are pleased'to' learn that 'Sir.  Hugh Stevenson was chosen by the  Peoples Party to contest West Toronto  In the approching general election. Mr.  Stevenson'--Is a young mail' of exceptional ability; and- will be a credit to the  House of Commons and the people  who will elect him. Success, iHtigh.  Dr. 11. G. Hargrtive will contest  Centre Toronto for the Party. Of him  we sav the same.  The coal merchants of Montreal nre.  In Tlew of the coming-cold Winter of  Quebec, and of the coal strike in the  United States, being deluged with orders, many of which they may, should  the strike continue, find It very difficult  to fill. The public is buying freely-  fearing a great shortage and big advance of prices. The trouble in the  States shonld meanwhile increase vastly the Eastern Canadian demand for  the home product of Nova Scotia.  It is no credit to a man to make  money by cutting his help. The one  that does It places himself on a level  with the common herd, for anyone can  cut wages.  V The National Secretary of the Amalgamated Society of Carpenters and  joiners, in his last report, shows a  cash balance of .$1,04-1,005 and a mem-  beiehip of 62,452.  The., largest structure in the world  without, interior supports Is the Exposition building at Chicago. It is .1,000  _teet in length. 225 in width and will  hold 50,000 people.  If people would fay as much attention to their purchases and to the  union label as they:, do to crying for  higher Wages, it would .not'be long before labor procured Its earnings.. t?  Norwegian girls who do not know  how to knit, sew, wash and cook are  to be 'refused permission to marry if a  bill introdtuced by a reform legislator  is made a law. Daughters of wealthy  men are not to be excepted.  At the fusion convention between the  Labor Party 'and the ''Liberal Party on  Thursday night Mr. G. lit. Maxwell. M.  P., was selected as the stand:ii'd-b'ear-  .f_o_i__t.he.,foi?thcgni|iig_ch.'j_lbn jinthe  distinct understanding that  nee .shall support the Labor  tire noml-  piatform.  Whilst the, C. P. It. company may  for the time.being be unwilling to undertake   the  construction    of   this   oi1  that piece of railway, they invariably  always emieavor 10 prevent any otner  company from entering the Held. Their  policy appears to be to tie up every  portion of the province that;offers good  .inducements to railroad" construction,  until such time as they feed like entering the field themselves.���Tiie Inland  Sentinel. Quite so. What's the matter  with the government 'building a. railroad whenever one Is required. A few,  years ago we heard a lot about the  proposed Vancouver, ��� -Victoria and  Hasten- railroad1. It is.needed now ns  much as ever il was.1  The Dominion Labor ..Congress'- resolution urging Canadian Government  authorities and corporations to pay-  wages weekly, suggests the adoption  of a rule almost Invariable in the United Kingdom and highly, advisable in  the workers' interests, wherever practicable. The thing is however infinitely more dilllcuit to apply in isolated districts of this great -Dominion,  than it is in Great Britain and Ireland,  where distances are short and com-,  munlcations and facilities of frequent  cash distribution easy. However there  might and"should'be far more application than there at present Is in Can-  ade, of the weekly wage payment system. ..It certainly affords less temptation to untlnit't, than a monthly cash  distribution. . .  11 It has been- sugested to The Independent that steps should be taken to  build a tram to uhe cemetery. The  road is well settled ami no doubt it  would pay. We hope that the railway  ���committee of the City Council will take  tho matter up and make it as a public  work.  "Competition is tlie life of trade" Is  an old nvcss-gi'own saw that Is fast  becoming repudiated! -While repair!ng  a piClr of shoes the other cl'.iy I found  that the soles were made of paper and  1 said to myself, "Competition mny be  the life of trade, but It's hell on shoeB."  ���The Toller.  Hugh John Macdonald Is hlppodrom-  ing the east telling the tenderfeet that  he Is "bis father's son. If Jlugh John  would build a government railway or  ��� confine his wind) Jamming to an analy-  .els 'of Sifton's deprecations he would  be much more acceptable as a eandl-  .date.���The Paystreak.  Circumstances in British Columbia  .'.have influenced .Ralph Smith' to co-  operate very freely with the Liberal  party. In the Congress he states that  ."his co-operationi with , the .Liberals  -ivill die with his nomination for Ot-  The Toronto Street Railway Company has very properly increased the  wages of its .employees,-us its earnings are growing very satisfactorily  at the rate of 5150,000 a year. The men  asked an advance of from 10 2-3 cents  to 20 cents an hour.' Air. Mackenzie,  the Controlling Director of: the Company, has In return conceded a rate of  17 cents to all men of two years' stand-  ���Irig-nnd-aiiother-df-lSfcenfsriin-riburt'er  those of live years' service and upwards. The latter rate will at Montreal prices be probably equivalent to  $2 a day here, on the basis of nine  hours per diem. By a majority, vote  the men have accepted the Company's  offer.  A lei'r.ied judge of Iowa, decided' the  other day that labor organizations are  trusts, because they seek to control  labor, which' Is a .commodity. This  decision' is contrary to many .Imo-hon-  oreil oiiet'. but we presume that the  same logic which,has, eiiuvi'.eil. coiirl.s  to release the '.Standard Oil Ccnpuny  and American Iron and Steel Manufacturing Company, and oUkm\ notorious trusts from the workings of the  law. guided this IVhvii representative  of the judiciary In the .decision nbove  mentioned. Labor, 'though If may be  ii commodity. Is not sticih In the sense  in which the term is- used in laws applying to trusts. Labor I.s selt'-exlstant,  ami cannot be classed wllh the other  commodities of the world, since it is  the piViperty of each and every. Individual, regardless of ihl.s holdings of  oilier possessions. Courts have again  anil again recognized the right of individuals to associate themselves together to dispose as best they can of  their labor���the only thing left them  by the ever-grasping andi? powerful  trusts, fostered too often by the judiciary.   ;  VANCOUVER OPKRA HOUSE.  From   comic   opera   to   drama, and  both  well lxuronized    by   the  people,  shows  that  Vancouverltes    are  ready  and willing to pay their money for that  which is really good.   That the James  Neill company of players fulfilled1 the  expectations   that    were  expected    of  them  was shown by  that approbation  so cheerfully  and  yet critically given  to them upon their production of "The  Jilt."   by   the    late   Dion    iBouclcautt.  This piece, was staged with that careful intention to scenery, furniture and  'oilier details so essential  to the right  interpretation of any play,  an  attention  that Is woefully neglected on the  Pacific    coast, and   why?   When'    one  pays his money to see a play,' whether  It  be "opera,  drama  or farce comedy,  he expects that value for this money  that  would..be'received' in New York  or other large cities, and  where    the  play-goers would .not put up with  the  often careless slovenliness so frequently-  witnessed    here.   Prank aicVlcars,  as Sir Bmllel_.li Woodstock, mi English  country gentleman,  was capital,    and  noted  ns   though  to  the  manor born.  Mr.  MoVlcars is no stranger to Vancouver, having played for the last two  seasons here, with  the. Neill Co.,  and  prior to that was seen here with the  Spider and Ply.   He is an Englishman',  a gentleman, a.n!d an actor.   He has a  delightfully free and. natural way with  him that wins Its way Into the graces  of ail who see hiin act.   John W. Burton, as Colonel Tudor, looked'and acted  the part to perfection.   George Bloom-  quest, and the rest of the male members   of   thf   company   enacted    their  parts with credit,  though  the conception    of    the    Welshei'     by   Emmett  Shackleford might have been Improved  by his not putting so much noifeo into  so difficult a part.  (Mr. James (Neill as  Mylos  O'Hara    interpretnted a clever  and very difficult character, and when  we say that  we 'doubt If anyone but  the author himwelf could' do justice to  this  part,   we must  concede thnt Mr.  Neil)  showed good talent,  careful  attention to dress, and'attempted brogue,  and made out of the    part    probably  more, or at least as much, ns could be  expected-.". Miss    Grace   MacLamkin,  "the Jilt,"  showed  ability    far above  the average.   In fact she was so gr-ace-  iiiYnnd  true to, nature ..in  her.acting,  that she thoroughly carried her audience with her, indeed quite a number  of .the  gentler  sex    .in   the    audience  found It idlflieult.to restrain-their tears,  so touchingly did she portray tlle sorrows "of a  weak and'   erring woman.  ���Miss  Chapman   and  Miss  Julia  Dean  both deserve credit for their conscientious   work and' were    frequently applauded by the audience.   The costuming of  the  ladies    was    exceptionally  gOOd.   ���;, ".."'-'  'Sardou's "A Parisian Romance" on  Tuesday night drew a good house'and  with ���the exception of thelastaet was  very ably produced. Mr. Jas. Neill as  -Baron Chevrnllshnwod'.fo.riinc.li..better  advantage than on the preceding night  as 'Myles OVHara. Mr.. Morris, the  stage manager; .deserves1 all the credit  that could be given.to him. especially,  'for"tho remarkably good laying out of  the table loaded down with viands'of  tempting aspect; in,ract one would almost think the Neill company carried  a professional butler. The table looked  exceedingly pretty, so-daintily Was it  dressed with smilnx aiid roses, ,and the  real thing at that. CouIcHt be possible  that the wine was too much for the  company, and so turned what should  have been a dramatic finish full of pathos Into almost a farce? And why  such long waits between the acts?  Wednesday night, a most ingenious,  clever and. real funny comedy, whlcli  kept the audience in one continual  laugh, was "Ni'obe," and proved itself  ���a huge success. 'Mis-s. Edythe Chapman-was the bright particular star  around'whom'the rest of the company  shone with more or less brightness.  She looked exceedingly beautiful, every  gesture, intonation of her voice and  noting throughout was grace personified, and with the exception ot a .forget fulness of seme of their lines, the  curtain rang (town upon an appreciative audience who had keenly watched  the efforts of .this very clever company in what may be considered alio  best in their repertoire. And Vancouverltes will no doubt be1 pleased to give  the Neill Company an equally good reception when they produce "Nlobe"  again   before  the  foobllghts  here.  Quo Viidis Is booked for October 2nd.  THEATRE ROYAL.  talent at the Savoy, and goodness  knows it was a pity that last Saturday's storm did not waft Some of the  fair, fat and forty to other climes.  The brightest thing on the programme  this week is a very good character  sketch by Fre.-I and Amy Gottlob, entitled "Government Bonds." Walter  King, who appeared' here for the llrst  time. Is exceptionally good and Is  without doubt one of the cleverest clog  dancers seen here for n long time. Gus  Lconnrd is very funny. Ray Southard,  who on the programme Is billed ns the  Carrol Johnson of the west, is nn artist lit his own particular line. Ills  rag-time melodies are sung with a fervor and n conscientious attention to  detail that makes It a pleasure to listen to him. The first appearance of  DeLaln, the celebrated, burlesque artist, celebrated for what? Uf lt Is suggest iveness of that which Is only fit  to be listened to by a drunken roue,  unable to either see or hear, what may  be said, well and good. DeLaln is a  distinguished and howling success.  By request Ivanhdc appears for this  week. Pray heaven some one will request that he play anywhere but in,  Vancouver In the -future. An extemporaneous singer he Is ,no doubt, but  the .everlasting man with the curly  whiskers smoking his pipe and all natural horns, is rather wearying to say  the least. SNAP-SHOOTER.  JOINED THE BENEDICTS.  There was a good muster of the  members of the Amalgamated Society  of Carpenters and; Joiners last Tuesday night. President Horace Williamson took the chair for the lirst time  since his return from his honeymoon  trip. Advantage of the occasion was  taken to pass a resolution of congratulation and good wishes for future happiness. The president in replying to  the resolution said that from the short  experience he had? of married life he  Would recommend all tlie single members to take a leaf out of his book and  join the great army of  benedicts.  When  You  Want  A Gent's ("cod Linen Handkerchief  Wc Have Them  At Lush Price for tho Same (irado  Klsctvhcru  From 10, 15, 20,  23 to 35c Each  Wo aho Curry a Ijirpe Assortment  uf Gtints*  UMBRELLAS  from $1, $2,25,  $l.?5to$5  NOTICE.  We "are again offering a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver pasrJLnc  into the High School at the coining examination with the highest marks in Reading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of tho Schools or tho undersigned.  The H.B.A. Yqgel Commercial College  P.  O.  Box 347. Vancouver, n. C  El  J 70 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND RETAIL DEAUttl IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  G  THE BEST^  Skilled Labor  To Dispense  ..PRESCRIPTIONS...  Everything sold at rcnsonablo  prices ami gimniiiteed.  gEYMOLK,  The Up-to-date Druggist,  Corner Seymour nnd Hustings  8treets, vtinccmver.  112 Cordova St. ��� 'Phone 442  Wo are prepare* to supply  Hit your want8. Kvery pur-  clitiMT shall get full v.tluo  fur tlielr money. Make out  your list and coinc tu���  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Thc~  Seymour Streeet,  The finest lino ol SI'KCTAOI.KS nnd'  KYliULASSES in British Columbia, nnd  you will find the prices right. Our doe-  tor of optics examines eyes free. '..  18,  llll COltDOVA SntEKT.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently Ave always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicited.  .  . MAKES A _1'IICIAI.TV Of . .  o    ueirs special Liqueur, also.  o    usner's Black Label Liqueur Whisky  ���l.AKOE STOCK OF���  l.Ml'OI'TUD AN'D DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  Quann Bi.os.,    -. -     Props.  COHNEIt COIUK1VA  ANB CAKKALI..  The Theatre 'Royal is humbly uncovering itself to the vast cunopv of our  Klorlous sunlet skies these beautiful  (lays. This has not '��� prevented, tho  maniiffenienl keeping: Intact the main  =.liar.uof-the-birild'ingfrwli leh**lias'cnn:bletl  the Arts-ind Crafts' association to hold  their llrst annual exhibition of the nrts  and erufts under the distinguished  pntroniiBe of Wis Excellency the Governor-General, and was opened last  Tuesday evening by ills Worship Mayor Garden. The very line display of  line arts, tbe handiwork of the craftsman. and1 the pleasing- and wonderfully clever work of the rising generation  of this growing clly. The Arts and  Crafts association are to he congratulated for tlielr energetic efforts to  raise the tone or art In, this young- city.  The work as shown predicts that A'un-  couver has In her midst some very  clever nrtlvts, and the pictures both,  in oil and water colvir are worthy of  great praise, espeeln I ly may this be  said or some very ll'nc work by a lady  nrtlsl (Mrs. Lucas). Some very fair  examples of local coloring In sketches  from nature lire shown by Mr. DeFor-  rest and 'Mr. Ferris, atloomlleld and  Sons .have some remarkably good' glass  work, which show the real artist, the  good erartsman, and any one needing  good artistic glass have no need to  plnee their orders In the hands of firms  of other cities very remote from Vancouver. Patronize home Industries,  citizens. Too much, of .the hard earned  moneys of our people go to enrich firms  fi'om whom?we receive no return.  THE SAVOY.  In last week's 'Issue of The Independent we spoke of the cyclonic array of  Arlington  Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Headquarters fur the engineering triulu  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^-s^^  Liquors and Cigars  Kirst-elnts rooms "from ,7) cents up.  ROBT. HUNTLY,   -   -   PROP  CITY FUEL CO.  Now prepared lo furnish all IcIihIh of  Dry Stove-wood, Coal and  Coke Bagged.  HAHItlS STKEET WHARF*.   THI.. CM.  Of all Kinds: Bulletins,  Bill Boards, Advertising.  Our signs are up-to-date  and attract attention.  THC_  LOBEc^IGN WORKS  311 Homer Street, Vnncouvcr. Tel. SIB.  Tiioh. SlMIir, Manager.  WE ARE SPECIALISTS.  :��� IJriion WciiryS}"'W&.  :;Remembcr^Y.';Y'.^  That you get the very best CIGARS  ln the vinarket, besides encouraging  Union Labor, home industry, when  you smoke KURTZ'S OWN, KURTZ'S  PIONEERS, or SPANISH BLOSSOMS  Cigars. Ask for. them and ��� see that  you get them made In  KURTZ ��> CO.'$  PIONEER CIGAJR FACTORY,  488 Cordova Street, Vancouver, B. C  Tel. 863.        Union Labor Only.  Ire Cream, G. II. ChocoiHtes, Onkes and  "CONKlCC'riONlvUY  MONTREAL BAKERY  .Wfi Westminster Avenue.  THERE IS  anger  E. CHAPMAN  (SUCCKSMIll TO PACK 1'OXSKOUII 1I__W.)  005 Hastings St.  W.  of Fire or Injury to  Health when yot�� use  the  Electric  The price is now  such that almost everybody can afford it.  Once used, always  used. Apply at Office of  LTD.  Cor. Carrall and Hastings  Strests.  Hardie & Thompsen  Murine a. id General =^  Consulting IHcclinnifal Engineers  M0 Cordova St. W., Vjikccuvkh, B. C. Th,. 76  I'atenteca mid ilet-iiinera of tlio Hjirrtte-  Tlioiiit'Min water tnlie holler, new hlt'h  t-pccl   reversing entitled,  mid k|>cc1k1  moi-KLLKN IlBUOSFtll.    EXOINBD INU1CATKD AND  ADJU8TKU.  Sole aci'iUH In II. C. and X. W. TerritnricK to  the United flexible Metallic Tuhlng Co., Ltd.  London, Hug;.  COR. SKYMOUIl AND CCIlllXIVA 8TH  (nearer .It.Station,)  Fine old English Ale, Stout mid Deer;  Dohtiihl Scotch nnd Irlnli whisky; domestic und  imported   Cigars,  thing up to tlie handle.  Bvory- SATURDAY .V .. SEPTEMBER 29, 1900  THE INDEPENDENT'  DRIFTWOOD.  Advice for a doctor���hnve patients.  A clam extractor that has never been  _ natented^-ihe eea gull.  If there is anything... worse in this  ���world than "raining cats and dogs" it  must be .hailing- street cars.  cles of humanity calling themselves  advanced socialists, or the like, who  are an absolute disgrace to 'their pre-  tendeii cause. I, as a socialist, admire  The Independent for the very manly  andfair tone of Its articles. All sections or classes of reformers should1  stand by their able little weekly, and  some ,day It may be able to publish  daily.1 The bums around town who call  themselves socialists were , never  known to contribute one cent to their  boasted cause either by subscribing to  THE  CHURCH AMD   THE  SOCIAL QUESTION.  A very small piece of lead from a   ���"��� paper who befriends them or by help  very cheap  pistol  In the hands of  fool may kill, a very wise man.  The paper where you never sec "Airs.  Wlnslow'o Soothing Syrup," "Sapollo,",  ������Rossland'Mining Stock," or "The Slater Shoe"���the War Cry.  Tlie winter rain will soon be here,  AVe feel lively ns a goat.  For when1 we have to go downi town  'Win can wear our old' gum coat.  If some genius would Invent ..a bl-  ��� cycle that will stand as many punctures as an old-fashioned1 pin cushion  . he -will not need to go to the Klondike.  tWhen a .fisherman returns home with  . a ..'.'reel".it should not be accepted ns  a sign that he has imbibed too much  of the  "bait,", or  that  his wife will  ..greet him with a "rod."  lng a brother in need. If you, Mr. Edl  tor, have the pause of reform at heart  treat such hybrid no-called' socialist  characters as "Progress" with' contempt. They are unworthy of any  .consideration and should be treated, the  samo as the capitalists who grind down  their helpless employees. "Progress"  mu*t be an out and1 out ungrateful tyrant, J. 13. BELL.  Vancouver, Sept. 27, 1900.  God', the criminals would! be severely  punished, but is dt because we have  ceased to believe whit we profess to  believe, and what we should believe,'  that we allow God's riches to fall'into  the hands of a few, and. that we permit  God's children to  be  robbed  of  their  <^****At^V^^W*W^  The social question'   is undoubtedly   due?   The Church can only  prove its  the  question  of  the    day.   The  man, | Jj^if,1*.^0 "^Founder; the Church can |  therefore, who Ignores It Is neither  It's Just as bad for a woman to be in  a, house with a fault-finding,'nnd perpetual-growling mam as it Is for a man  to dwell In a wide house with a brawling woman. The' Bible; notwithstanding.  'Greater. New* Tf01*^ contains mi<ny  "wondors, but not one of them is more  .remarkable,  certainly   none    is  more  'amusing, than the. snobbishness which  is displayed    by the    leaders of "so-  -clety."  The plant of an El Diarlo newspaper  was wrecked.by a political mob at Sail  -Juan, Porto 'Rico.���Vancouver Province. We will bet a now hat the mob  -who wrecked the oflice of the El Diarlo  was composed chiefly , of ihlinuuent  subscribers1.  TI-TE FOX AND THE, GRAPES.  Editor (Independent:   Apropos of the  nomination'of _ftalplr Smlthi M. P. P..  for the Dominion House of Commons,  as an IndependentLabor   candidate,  the apostle of humanity,'whose territory comprises the vicinity of-Cord'ovor  and Carroll streets, as usual   throws'  cold water upon  things, and  tries  to  m.iks matters look as gloomy as possible. ���,.  This shining   star   of    equal  (I.  e.',  unequal) 'rights  reminds ub of  Aesop's fable of the fox and the grapes.  "The grapes are sour," sold? he.  ''Sour things are not the food1 for me."  How many, like the fox, despise  Those  heights to which   they cannot  rife.  Our friend in humanity's cause 4s a  iroort  illustration of  the  above  fable,  m Ms greatest sacrifice oh behalf of  humanity is   the   loss   of Mis surplus  oxygen. N.  Vancouver, Sept. 24, MOO.  SUBSTANCE VS. SHADOW.  Editor In'denendent: With many  workingmen I heard that nnich-talked-  ot' exponent .of Conservatism, Sir  Charles Hlbbert Tupper. I must confess t'hat If he Is the mouthpiece of  the party he represents, it were better  that a mill stone was round his neck  and he In the botloni of the sea for the  in  touch with the age In which he lives,  and which lives in him, nor Is true to  his kind. This question Is the burning  question, and If we enn help you to understand, and thus help you to guide  lt and to solve It, our labor will not  have been in vain. The best, the  broadest, and, th<e most sympathetic  men  In  the Church to-day call It a  church .question. Tlie Pope of Rome  has written about it. The Pope of the  Salvation   Army  In   his  owni  way is  only show that it Is true to the ex  press commands of the Creator an<l  Preserver, when it comes forth into  the world) and tights with all Its might  ln defense of the poor, the down trodden, thi oppressed, and those who  have been shamefully robbed of lhelr  share of God's good things.  THE CRAFT.  your profit  Don't be misled;by alluring ADS., but go to  the old reliable Shoo Store for the Best and latest styles in Canadian and American Footwear.  We carry:  For some time the Province has been   ~       '"   '" I turning out an1 exceptionally readable  tackling it in dead earnest, and one of  , b newspaper.   It has   a crack   staff of  writers who know their business, and  to a certain extent are allowed a free  hand. JPeopIe d'o not want advertising  blanket sheets, but newspaper., in the  fullest meaning of the term. Our office lad thirties, however, that the Province Is too severe and' critical on labor  union?. A large number of union men  also share his views.  the   leading   divines   In the   English  Church, ,when ' preaching    before the  leading men of Oxford .University, said  that    "Christianity was   intended   to'  save not only men, but man, and that  its mission should be?tO' teach us not  only how to die as individuals, but how  to live as members of society, but we  add that we salill never learn how to  live as members of society    until   we  learn what are the rights of every individual who compose that (society.   It  has always appeared to us that if there  was one institution upon earth more  fitted than another to ileal in the most  thorough manner with the   question,  that .Institution was the Church.  And  It has further struck us, that If there  was u. body of men more qualified' than  any other to grapple with! tills question, that body of men were those who  compose the Christian Church.   It Is  the   most    democratic    institution  on  earth.   Theoretically at least lt disowns  and discountenances the fake divisions  recognized: In society.   It knows no respect  of  persons.   The rich and  the  poor meet together, and the one God is  the Maker of them all.   All are save:!  all'ke.   All are received Into its bosom  alike, and1 all share alike'the benefits  purchased for all by the Saviour of all.  In the Church' all are equal.   There Is  neither bond nor free.   Alike they si  JOHNSTON & MURPHY'S, Newark, N. J.  A.  M.  PACKARD'S, Brockton, Maes.  RICHARDS & BRBMAN, Randolph, Mass.  J. & T. BEIT'S, Montreal.  AMES,  HOLDEN  & CO., Montreal.  J. D. KING'S, Toronto.  JOHN M'PHERSON'S,  Hamilton. *  harm he is likely to do his-party by  at the one table, drink-from'the" same  .The madest time in a man's life in  our estimation, Is when he waits two  -hours and a half 'forihis turn In the  barber shop, and the galoot Just ahead  ���of him, after having a shave, looks at  himself In' 'the mirror, then conclude:.  .he will have his hair cut, singed  nnd'  shampooed.  As "coon" cake-walks and "coon"  eongs, Including? the regulation "coal  black lady," are now decidedly on the  wane, as the suffering public is getting  disgusted, and wants something new  :t.n the.way of amusement, why don't  some Inventive genius get up a church  'bell .that .will?call all goocKp'eople to  the -'meeting house" by ringing "Ne.'.r-  ���cr my God, to Thee" in rag time.  Correspondent, Hastings.���No. " Tlie  .���State , "of,. California Is n :i: afraid : to  Joave the "'Golden Gate" out all night.  If it could have been moved or stolen,  ;the people , of .California," would h.ive  .���seen long ago that the1";, was no "Goh?..  -en Gate" long ere, this, and your question would have needed no answer.  'The people, especially those living ln  :&l,n Francisco, thou;'* existing,ir fog  most of th'e time? know n good, tiling  ���when they see It. Th._ only other  '"Golden1 Gate" we have.':ev.'ev re.icl,,of  that amounted: to ar.yt'iing is owneJ,  <>r saldto be, by old' St. Peter. Correspond with him.  YYMr.' Mctagan,  president", and! m.tn-  '.'.'���ager of the' '.'World', generally   carries  the exchanges from the postoftlce him-  iselfY The other evening Air. Mcl._ag.an  '   was .coming  from   the  postoflice  with  Ya.:bund'le'..of; exchanges 'that   would  .give?'a?*'pair*of draught-horses all they  .���could? do to pullYwheri a'coupl". oi'.gen-  ' tlenien 'standing- on    theY; corner,  of  .'.Cramville unci) Pender streets : noticed  .him.   One1 of the two said:"John,   I  'Jiiave : travelled  "over ail    the Y United.  States and Canada, but that fellow is  :the eldest newsboy ���! ever met."    ' Explanation''followed,; and' the two gentlemen stepped' into the; nearest saloon  *to have a "smile.''.,,  The Confession'.?';. ; .'��� '���'".:'���  "There is something on my brenst, fa-  ���ther.  There is something on my breast!?  "The life-long day I sigh, father,  At night il cannot rest;���..-,. I  =?L=eannot=t!ike-my��� !'est,-fat!rer;^==*-==:.=  ,  Though I would fain do so, ,  .A  weary weight oppresseth mc���  The weary weight of woe!    .  ���'Tis not the lack of gold, father,  Nor lack .of worldly geai"  My lands are broad and fair to see,  Uly friends are kind and dear;  My kini are real and true, father,  They mourn to see my. grief,  '���But, ah!''lis not a kinsman's band  Can give my heart relief!  'TIs not thnt Mary's false, father,  'Tis not that she's unkind';  Though busy Hnltcrers swarm around,  1 know her constant mind.  "Pis not the coldness of her heart  That chills my laboring breast���  .'It's Mint confounded cucumber  I ate, and can't digest!  LUiE VERNON.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  UNGRATEFUL.  'Editor Independent: A correspondent  In your model little    weekly   signing  "himself .���'Progress," says that "the different tratfes unions, socialists, eingle-  laxers nnd all labor organizations want  a paper that would! be independent in  more thkin a name���which The Independent at present is not."   The word!  "ungrateful" is to mild' for me to ex-  Tress my utter contempt for the views  of' "Progress."  (He, ehe or 4t "is a spe- I  .such clap-trap and rot.   We naturnll.  expect that.when we listen at street  corners to those .expounders .of..social  economy,'.''who"principally come from  the������������;ranks'   of -'.workingmen wlio nre  reading and trying "to find the truth  and learning to think for*"themseIves,  to hear them raise/a note of warning to  the capitalist arid abuse him and others .toimdly,   but  I  must say  frankly  that after-havlng listened to Mr. Mc-  Cl.ii-1,   Mr.   Griffiths, ; Mr. -Dodd  and  other socialists talk,.I admit that Sir  Hibb2rt Is.not in itiwith these gantle .���  men so far,.ns common sense is concerned.  A#,iin I believe:these ^nien.ara''  sincere, which is more  than  Sir Hlbbert .-lis.? One can tell :a truthful, "sincere ���man.u'hen he speaks.   It.was very  noticeable that; this   great    politician  was not feeling nor. expressing tils-;true-,  convictions,', excepting-when  he stated  and  waxed eloq u'en't  that, no ���?government-could, give .'British Columbia, relief from Mongolian emigration. - When;  he was asked front the .audience "Hot  about Australia?" inslead of explaining  how Australia could do this, and Canada could : not, he. merely; stated/the  reason to be that. "Australian statesmen were: men of their wowl."'  There  may?he,. truth- in that 'Statement,.but  we all know., that tire Tory .party leaders -arenot?men of their, word, or else  when .they"first; admitted -these*. Hon-?  golinns. to  thls.Pi-ovInceY they .would  'have carried out their .promise's   and  see��?to  it  that  these  cheap, working  ���Mongolians were, returned to their own  country.   But, alas, no.   All the inter-'  estsof the Conservative party in this  Province and the C. P. R. (which virtually were the late Conservative Government) were so wrapped up in cheap  labor and so anxious to make money  at,'thj. expense of the ���country.;? that  they," "the, Conservative Government ..'of  tha't ;day,? refused  to return  the Mongolians,   but  preferred   to  leave  them  here ,to.compete  In  the  labor market  aiullhus  ruthlessly   broke on   of  the  most solemn  pledges  made to  a. province. .Sir Hibbert says that this is  .not  P'rncticaf pQlltictj. .    Unfortunately  there are 'numbers'of workingmen (but  thank  heaven   they .are  growing  less  nil the time) Who will believe him.   If  the 'workingmen of Canada would only  make up their minds to nun this country" themselve? they would'soon teaclr  Sir Hlbbert that, he preached rot on'  .Monday  night.    The   workingmen   of  Australia showed the Australian Government that their wishes we're to be  obev'tl.    Whether Sir Charles Hlbbert  or Sir Charles, or nny other sir, was  in  pow-_r the.'will of the people mustj  -be=obeyed=a't=aIl-liazzai'dsf^Rut^"uii'-_l  fortunately Workingmen  do  not  take  interest enough between   elections   to  educate  themselves , In .. these . topics;  and    hence   when,   unscrupulous   and'  smooth-tongued men get on the sfump  and twist facts, men are gulled.   We  want   men    to   study for themselves.  Compare the two Governments and see  which hns done most    for   your own  class.'. If you do this I am not nfrald  of the result.   The measure will be full  and overflowing In favor of the Laurier  Government. If; we have not got all the  labor legislation we went let us keep  pegging nway until we get It.   But do  not let. the working man throw away  Llie substance for   the   shadow.   The  Laurier government has done more for  the working nien than any other government, that'I  know of.   Do not  let  us he fools 'entnigih to turn them down  for an unknown' quantity.   '  PICK AND SHOVEL-   :.  .Vancouver,' Sept. 26, 1900J  Since Mr. T. G. Bllgh took possession  of the Colonlail hotel some 12 months  ago :lt hns been thoroughly remodeled,  and Is now one of the best appointed  hotels In the city. IMr. iBllgh has had  several years' experience In the busi-  neso'at 'Winnipeg and the Kootenays.  The fact that Mrs. Bllgh has charge  of the culinary department is a, guarantee tihat the dining-room will1 be up-  to-date. The advertisement of the Colonial hotel appears at the top"of the  first page.  cup, and eat of the same bread.     The  Church dbes  not    recognize what    a  man has, -but.what he  is���<i'.child of  God.   It is of.no particular Importance  In the Church whother a man Is rich.or  poor, high or low: learned or.unlearn-  edi master   or   workman.   In, a deep  siense there are no differences.   i;The  members are all members of one body.  It. is  thoroughly  democratic,   and   as  thoroughly 'socialistic in its tendencies  and teachings.   It sinks into 'insignificance every "thing, but the equality���  the . onenessi of the members., Ye are  one,  Is the  statement of  the fltaster.  The only supreme thing'is character,  or In Ulblieal,   language    likeness  to  Christ.YiHe  who: is  likest.: the: Master,  in .dioing-the greatest pos-slble^-mount  of-good,-not to self, 'but-lto others, is  the-"chiief?mail.: ,Its chief "doctrines;co-:  I inci.de.   Towering above all other articles of beiief loom the tivo main doctrines',; theYPIatherhobd of God amV the  'Brotherhood; of Man. :Our PVither ...wlio'  art ..In heaven,;is the,style of address  which 'Christ; teaches?  his /disciples to  use when-they appear before God1.  The  bleeding, wound'ed, robbed; and'' despised man by tlie wayside Is our .brother,  and  the despised   Samaritan,' not the  goody, goody, iPharisee, is .the type of  a true. Christian1.  Now, if the members  of the. Church were; true to Its -ideal,  true to. Us theory, true'to its'iv'ecept.s,  true  to Its doctrines, 'or .'the    things  \vbleh are suposed to be believed and  practised, what would happen?   To us  it seems as clear as sunshine,  that if  I God's 'Fatherhood nnd man's Brotherhood were believed-. If these truths got  | a hold of :bhe minds and the. hearts of  those" who   "compose '.the ^Christian  church,' if. thia earth .was.believed to  be the Home, of both God nnd Man, and  the treasures of It believed' to be the  wealth of G-od mad'e by Him and1 "bestowed 'by.Him,'.'not for the benefit of  some, but for the use of all His. family,  then these'things', believed-would'  produce   a social    revolution.'    For if  God be the Father of'all. then all His  children .are comprehended! within the  sweep  of   His  almighty? care.   If  the  earth   and. the    fullness    thereof    he  the Lord's, If the means-of subsl_steneY  b'e.the Lord's,  tlnam these things can-,  not be exclusively for some, but for all?  for if all  be the children of God, then  each child has a right with every other  child of the Father to share and share  eciunlly of t'he munificence or wealth of  the Father.   We are.right'then in. saying that  if tha Church  believes 'tliecc,'  things, and if she does' not, she is false  to Ihe Master, then she can very mn-  | terlally heh' In the solving of our so-  '.cI-aUprablemi^AV-hat^m-ou 'r-ll fe-to-ilaj^  nullifiea God's  iFatherhood,   what  encourages   Impious  hands to grab'and  hold His rich provisions so as to inordinately enrich the few and,; Impoverish   the   many  of  God's   family,   and  what tilings in: operation  to-day  that  brings and Increases poverty and'crime  anions the children' of God-,    are  not  only  outrages  upon   God,    but    they  strike nt the very well-being of that  place which the members of the ohurch  delight-to call the Home of God.    We  Insist veiy strongly ore the points, tho  riches of the world are  the  riches of  God,  and   every, child  born   into  this  world hns a right to a fair .shire of his  Father's riches.     God   places   timber  nnd, land  here,. and1 silver and  gold  there,   in abundance  lo- meet  nil   the  need.i   of    all   Ills,  children.      There  should not he a ikioi- mnni ln the world  to-d'ay.   It is a blot upon our civilization,  upon  our Christianity,  that any  child of God should die of starvation.  The riches of God lire placed in trust  Into the hands of those who govern���  like any oth'er trust that Is meant to  be held In trust for the benefit of tire  family.   Any    administration that allows the few to steal the portions belonging to others, thereby unduly ben-  efittIng?thems'elve-_ by robbing others,  permits a: crime mot only against man,  but 'against the testator.   That Is the  way things are going on to-day..' God's  wishes   are   not carried'   out.   If the  same things wert? done with rtegard to  the money and property of other men  that are being done with': the will of  ���The Sandon Paystreak has completed its fourth year.. It has .adopted a  pale blue colored 'paper on Which, it  will hereafter, be printed. The Paystreak is one of the most independent  and: fearless champions of all our val-,  ued'exchanges fpr .the rights of"the  miners and. others that confes to our  desk. Jt is bright and1, newsy, and the  people "of the Siocan should be proud  of their paper.   . "���;  ��� Harold P. Sands has <������ resigned the  editorship of the Koslo Kootenanlan,  and joinert the staff of the "Spokane  Spokesman-Review.  'XV. G. Armstrong, attended, the recent convention of the International  Typographical Union, and the Union  Record is-indebted to him for the following, among other, notes thereon:  J. A. B!ackw*ood, of Vancouver, was  a conspicuous .figure on the, convention  llcor.and' made mahy friends by his  courteous manner. Y  Charley Hawlcs put in his time working'his camera on the delegates, and.  has quite a, gallery, of well-known  prints In his possession.     ?  George Howell, of Portland', who.was  a member, of the laws ; committee,  made a strong showing: in" several of  the debates that took place, and added  greatly to his already well-known  ability as a parliamentarian....  Salty  Board'man,   of  Denver,**could  not attend1,, owing to pressure of business, but sent his picture, and his admiring friends put in the week gazing  rapturously at the countenance of the  handsomest mara enrolled In the I.- T.  U.?T_ie mention' of Sally's name recalls many reminiscences of the incli-  vidtral- made famous by Bugene Field,  In; that   pretty  .little poem, entitled.  "When  Salty' Won  Out.':?,. It was In  th'e','80's and1 Salty had' just returned  from /an.-Indian! campaign, where lie  was correspondent for the Denver Tribune.; He brought back with him: an  Indian head-dress' and a cheese knife  with a' twen ty-four-inch 'blade.:'' The i  head-dress he wore  when working at  the case, and especially when "pulling  out."   The cheese knife he kept under  his  frame.   Baity was  "rushing"  one  night, and a new "sub" w'as doing his  first night's work: Salty began; to catch  galleys.' There were three on his case  wilien. the new. "sub" dropped' Into the  alley with another for slug ten.   Salty  looked at him a' moment, reached under his case, grabbed the cheese knife,  spit on Dhe blade and.,wiped! it up andi  down   the, floor,   remarking   that   the  ���next blanket}* blank-blank that gave  ���him a galley he would cut his blooming  throat.   The "sub" dropped1, the galley  and did a hot-foot down the alley.    -  It was about 2:30 when 'Bob Blair, the  foreman,   discovered'  'six .galleys ori  the 'new* "sub's" case.  In: fact, the lower  and upper cases were just covered entirely wltb galleys.   Looking over the  proofs 'Blair discovered  that  they  all  belonged  to, slug 10..  "Whiit. in ������  are   you   doing   with .those   galleys?"  he. yelled-   "Why don't you pass thorn?"  The new "sub"  looked' up1 bewildered,  and  In a quaking voice demanded  to  know of the foreman if he wanted to  see'i'hlm   killed���that    Boardinnn had  threatened  to kill  the. next  man  who  passed Mm a galley, and he preferred  j to do a little extra.correcting rather  ' than run up agninst a wild Indian in  full wardress, with! a scalping knife  in  hand..and a tomahawk In  his belt.  Owing to the aid thus derived, from his  clieeso    knife    Salty_j^_Yt_l!S__J___JiSesL  string-ever'printect on the Tribune.  AND ItANT OTHER MAKES.  Call and inspect our goods before purchasing elsewhere.  Re MILLS, !tg*"��  Myers' House and B)ec|j Well  Pumf)s.  FARiVI    IMPLEMENTS.  ��  Hastings  Street.  i�� Co*  (LIMITED.)  W. T. FARRELL,  lZei.il Kwtfite/tncl Itinurnnce Broker  Architectual I'liuis   jhhI   Perspectives  Prepared.  Fnrm und Timber Liinds, Business nnd Resi  dentitil City Property for sale. Special tittcn-  tion ^iveii to selling nnd renting Iionsc nnd  store property; rem*; collected; ex  VHluator.   -  xpericneed  Koom 7, TliompMon-Onie IZSloclc,  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  w to mm  i  fIFE SI0RH6E fOR TRUNKS, GUESTS  or other liirht nrtieles at verv ren.oiniblo  rates.   AUKT1N i JORDAN, toll 1'owell St.  'By a vote of 3S to 22 the Dominion  Trades and Labor Congress, in session  last ivoek at Ottawa, decided ln favor  of Independent action In politics. This  means, according to a. resolution submitted to a referoduni vote, that trade  unionists will he respected to foreswear  their allegiance to the old line lmrties  and identify themselves with the advanced labor movement. Fwlllng iu  this, should! they appear on the platform of either of the old party's platform, they are to "be regarded with  suspicion n�� .decoys of the wage-earners."The history of trades unions tell  talefi�����nd the tale of "Politics nnd  Labor" Is a sad one���the book and' volume of whlc'lu nuiy be told In one word  ���"wreck."    The  ciiuse���simply,    this:  A tivudcs union 1s an1 economic Institution���a political combination, parsimonious. Trades unions as trades unions -should remain trades unions*���  otherwise, they perish'.. Independence  In pontics Is commendable���more: 'tis  a consummation devoutly to be wished.  lJut lot It be Independent and In no  wise subject anyone to the controlof  others, neither make It, arbitrary or  coerch*c, In short, let there be Independence, but let It be from Individual  choice only.���Colonist.  vYY?;:ip^C;IFi;o5  Away  to the  Telephone 1-2���5 tor a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  ARK YOU taking a vncntion? If so,  wc would like to send you some  literature about Banff Hot  Springs," "The Great Glacier of  the Selklrkfi," and the magnificent  hotels there operated by the Canadian Paclllc Hallway. Cheap Excursion Kates made from all Pacific Coast .point.;.  OH, IF YOU are going East take your  Tickets by the "Imperial Limited"  and spend a day or two ji.t our  mountain resorts. You will benefit  by it and enjoy It.  Apply to any Canadian. Pacific  Railway 'Agent or to  K.'J. COTI.E,  A.G.T.A.  ���Vnncouvcr, B, C.  JAMES SCI.ATKR,  Ticket Agent,  ���"28 HHKtinRS St.,  Vjiaeouver, B. C.  Fri'iii Their Xiuuiimo.Southtield and  Protection Islnnd Collieries,  Steam,  Gas  and  House Coal  ���. Of the KollowiiiRtiniclcs":  Double Screened Lump,  Kun uf tlie Nlii-ie,  WciHliecl Nut find  ScreenlnuH.  PA.MUK1. M. ItOHIXS, Superintendent.  EVANS, COLKMAN* & EVANS, Agents,  Vimeoiiver City, II. C.  Vancouver* to New  Westminster and the  fraser River.      ^      &  A BRAT]TI1"*UL TRIP ON THE MAG-  NTFICKNT EIJJCTIUC CAHS.  Leaving Carrall street every hour,  from 7 n. in. till 10 p. m. (Saturday  and Sundays, 11 p. m.)  Last cur from New ���Westminster, 3  p. m. (Saturdays and Sundays,. 10  p. m.  FAKES���Single, 35 cents; return, 6ft  cents.  SPECIAL    SUNDAY    EXCURSIONS.  Tickets for sale at office only.  ROUND TRIP, FIFTY CENTS.  .  C. ELECTRIC RAILWAY CO., 1_D��       J. BUNTZEN, Gen. Mgr.  4 THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. .. SEPTEMBER 29, 1900  The rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a word, but no nd. will be inserted for lass tlhan 25 cents.  Union Directory.  ������ VANCOL'VISK TRADES    AND    l^ABOW  Council, President, Jos. l.iixou; vice-  president, .1. Morton; s.-ctviary, .1. C.  ���"Miirshn'.l, P. O. Ilux 15'.i; Hw.iiohlt secretary, ]���*. Williams: treasurer; J. Pearey;  statistician, W. Davis: sownm-al-nrnus,  3. Dodd. Parliamentary committee���Cliair-  jiiai), Juhn IVarey; s.'i*ivia.ry. .1. .Morton.  Mi'uiins���l-'lrst and third I'riilay lu oacli  ���nn iilh, nt 7.:*.o p. in., In I'nlon Hull, corner  IXitisuitur and 11 inner streets.  VANCOU'K TVPOGILU'IIIOAL UNION.  No. Stai, meets llie last Sundny In each  month at Union hull. President,' F.. L.  Woodruff: vice-president, J. C. Marshall;  eecietnry, .1. F. Watkins; p. O. box CO:  treasure!', \V. Brand; sergeaiu-at-anns,  . Cuss J. Dunn; executive committee���  Clialrnian. ,1. C. .Marshall: Cleo. Wilby,  C. B. Cniupbell, C. T. Dutton, XV. Ann-  strong. Delegates to the Trades and lJih-  or council, J. C. Marshall, Ceo. "Wilby, C.  S. Campbell.  BTiiiVK'i. RAILWAY MEN'S I.'N'ION-  ' Meets second and, fourth Saturday of  each mnn'.li, in Sutherland Hall, corner  ���Westminster avenue and Hastings street,  ' at S p. in. President; Roliert Jlriint; vice-  firesiclent. II. Vunderwarke: secretary, II.  O. Thomas; treasurer, .1. Jciilclnson; con-  .ductor, A. Russell: warden, G. F. Len-  festy; sentinel, John Piixman; delegates  to Trades and Lalior council: John l'eary,  II. O. Tliomas. Prince Perry, Jas. Burton,  Geo. Lenfcsly.  ItKTAlL CLBUKS' INTERNATIONAL  Protective Association.' Local No. 2T.I  l'asl president. C. II. Kerfnoi; president,  3V A. Meogilier; first vice-president, T.  A. . Phillips; siTOmi vice-president, Miss  -Maggie Clark: recording scciviary, W. J.  Orr, No. ���MS Westminster avenue: flnii'n-  -dial secretary. X. J. White: treasurer,  John Peters: guardian. P. Parent: guide,  Miss A. CI. Verge; Trades and Labor Council delegates; P. A. Meagher, John Peters,  and I'l. 10.' C. Johnson. Meets every first  and third Tuesday in Sutherland hull.  Westminster avenue.  International       lricklayisks  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of B.C.���President, Jas. Jeffrey: vice-president. Win.  13arker; corresponding secretary, T. A.  llannan; lioancla! secretary. Wm. Taile;  tyler, Wm. Braniga. fleets every Monday  evening in  Union hall.  UNITED lUlOT'liLRHOOD OP CAJl'P-  'KNTICKS and Joiners���Meets every second and fourth Thursday in Union Hall,  room No. 3. President, Wm. P. llclveuzie.  4S7 Ninth avenue; vice-president, Hugh  Wilson: secretary. A. tl. Coffin, "10 Nelson Street; financial secretary, W. Ful-  ccncr:-treasurer, Geo. Walker; conductor,  Ken]. Carrol; warden, Jos Dixon; delegates to T.. nn'cl L. council, Jos. Dixon.  Robt. Macpherson. II.'Wilson.''  Till!. PACIFIC COAST SHINGLE  .W'KAVIORS' .UNION-meets every third  Sunday in each month.nt " p. in. in Union Hall, corner Dunsmuir and Homer  stieet.lt. J. Neary, president; R. K.  ltuwe, secretary, box 7f>7. Ne'iV Westmlii-  uter.  Visiting  brethren  invited  to attend.  lN'l'J5RNATl6'XAl, (A'SSOCLVl'ION OF  MACHINISTS���Beaver.'Lodge, No. 18!���.  Mects second and fourth Wednesday In  each month'in Union Hall, President; .Will,  MacCIatn; vice-president,' Thos. Liltler:  corresponding secretary, Wm. Beers, 1*2:1  Richards street: -'financial secretary, II.  .MeWly, nil Seymour street.    ,  mmm of m.  Col. CI. T. Denisoii'c. book on "Soldiering in Canada." recently published,  will be found most interesting lo the  majority of Canadian readers, especially the account he gives of tlve outbreak  and suppression of the North Wesi  I'Wv.lllon nf ISS.'i.. Colonel Denlson  speaks with refreshing candor about  the causes whirl] led to the rising of  the hall'-luveds. and is an outspoken  ���.Title of the manner hi wlilch the campaign   wns  conducted   by   the  .Militia  JOUPNKV.MKX TAILORS' UNION OK  AMiKRICA, No. ITS���Meets altornato,  Mondays in room 1, Union Hall. President, P.- Williams; vice-president, Miss  Barker; recording secretary, II.. Burrltt;  linancial secretary, Miss' McLennan; treasurer,, li. Ncilson; sergeant-nt-arms, J.  Daoust. ..'.'���"  VICTORIA TRADES AND. LABOR  Council meets every alternate Wednesday nt 8 p. in. In Sir ,William Wallace  hall. President. W'-M. 'Wilson; iviee-presl-'  'dent, Jas. Tiigg; corresponding secretary.  J. D.--McNIvcn, P. 0. box. :i02,' Victoria;.  recording ''and financial secretary. A. S.  Kmcry; Treasurer, A.. Hay;'���'sergeant-  nt-urms, T. Masters. .,  THE VANCOU.V Kit LABOR PARTY  meets every second and fourth Wednesday in each .month' In Union llnlh President, Geo. Wilby; first vloe-iwoslrtent.  George . Hartley: second vice-president, P.  -.Atkinson: recording secretary, John Morton; financial ���seciptary. John Pearey;  treasurer, J. A. DlbUeti; statistician, Cleo.  J lun'.  CIGARMAiCERS:.', ��� UNION. NO K7.-  Meets the firs':���Tuesday In each month  In Union lntll.. President, P.'R. Revcro;  vice-president. ;P.. ��� Waxslock; secretary.  fi. Thomas, jr..'ilS Cordova street west;  treasurer, S.*' W. Johnson: sergeant-alarms, C. Pnrsonsi'delPgnlcs lo Trades anil  Lnbor Council, J.' Crow, C. C. Copeland,  " D.  Morrissy.  VANCOUVBK FI'SH'BRMl'JN'S UNION,  No. 2. Meets in Labor Hall. Homer  stlruel, every lirsi and third Saturday In  *--:ieli mouths al S p. m. .1. Waltersoii;  ���jiresideni: .1. II. Watson, aeiing secretary.  ���Meetings.  F. 0. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. .��,  F. O. "E��� meets every Wednesday nlghtv  ��nd secohd Wednesday only of the months  of July, August and September. Visiting  members welcome. 11. XV. Findley. W. P.,  -Proviiicc-oIIlee;���Sj=-Rf=Robbj=-W^=.Sfr  World olliee.  1. O. O. F.7m. U.���LOYAL 'THINE FOR  EVER lodge, No. 7��i2, .meets every second and fourth Tuesday In tho month lu  the hull, over Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver; sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. G.: It. XV.  Partridge, secretary.  Real Estate.  , HEAL ESTATE SNAPS.  DIOUSE AND .TWO. LOTS ON FAIR-  VIEW', seven rooms, nlc-e. garden, fene-  fd, slieils In rear; only S-S.V); easy terms; a  linrgnln worth looking up. T..Mathews,  'T7 Hastings Street.  authorities, lie does' not inini'O matters, indeed he .writes wllh the direct  bli'iiitne.-H of the soldier rather tiiiin  with the.lliiesw of the diplomat. Speaking, of the outbreak, -lie says al the  outset:���'Tii'.s was caused by a remarkable Instance of departmental in-  eilicleney and obstinacy. A few hlin-  dri'd hnlf. breeds had settled on the  South branch of the Saskatchewan  .liver, about' twonty-tlvc miles south  of Prince Albert. nearra point called  Uatoche's Crossing. Sonic hail been  In the neighborhood for many years,  and others had moved there from'the  neighborhood of Fort Carry during the  years following the 'Red 'River Rebellion. Their farms were laid out and  It-need, their 'houses built, and all.going on comforinbly -and 'prosperously  when the Government surveyor came  along, insisting on surveying the land  on the uniform plan adopted In the  unsettled prairies. By this tlie farms  and buildings would have been all mixed up. and great expense and inconvenience caused to the settlers', who  had for sonic years been settled at  thai, point. Representations were made  lo the Department at Ottawa, urging  them to make special arrangements to  leave these poor people undisturbed in  their homes. One can easily understand the horror of the olllcials of the  Department of the Interior at the BUg-  gt-stioii that tlh'ir uniform system of  survey should be varied .in the slightest degree.   Such a  BREACH   OF   KED TAPE [REGULATIONS  could  not  even  be  considered,  so  the  complaints ��� became 'more   .numerous,  and  the'Department more obstinate.  The storm burst on March 2lith, 1SS5.  A party of police from Fort Carlton  went to -Duck - La lav---, to remove: some  Government stores- With, them were a  volunteer company fi'om Prince Albert, consisting of, forty men. They  were met b.v a largely superior force"  ���n' half-breeds, an altercation took  place,.firing began, and in n few minutes eleven were killed and three  wounded. Tbe police had to retreat,  the news was flashed to Ottawa, nnd  tlie. Government found an expensive  and troublesome campaign on their  hands. The whole dispute was over  ���siime -10.000. or 50,000 acres of land, in  a -wilderness of tens of millions of  acres for which the Government were  crying'for yettleas. It cost Canada the  lives'of two hundred of-her people, the  wounding of many, others,,the.expenditure of. about $0,000,000 in cash, and  losses of time and business that can-  nol be estimated. When < II ���was* all-  over'' the Government offered Yfree to  the volunteeers 1.S00.000 acres of land  if they wanted to setlle on it, and yet  tlie whole dispute , was -mainly about  some red-tape regulations as to surveying some forty or fifty thousand  acres of land, on which people, were  already settled, lt is not often a country suffers so severely and ��o unnecessarily."    . '    ���-  It will he unnecessary lo quote from  the author's account of the departure  of -the troops from Toronto, the clr-  .cumstancivi connected with that event  being no doubt fresh in the memory of  most of our readers, ��� comments tlie  Toronto ������Globe," The parts of his  narrative which, will be read with the  most eagerness and curiosity are those  that, so to speak, show us ���-.,���;���  BEHIND Till* SCENES J  of tlie military theatre. The Colonel  himself received orders on April 1st to  turn out hi* corps, the Governor-General's Body Guard, for Immediate active service. They started on the Glh  in the midst of a heavy ruin, iate at  night. He speaks highly of the personnel, of the troop.-."My men who  served In tiiii. affair," he says, "were  of-a very superior class���many of them  well educated and of good social status���most ��� of them'In .comfortable circumstances. There were doctors, bank  clerks, business men, one Oxford graduate, one ex-army olllcer, etc. They  behaved splendidly, keen to obey.every  order, always willing, and preserving  tlie perfect discipline of uenl and enthusiasm, based upon the common desire of us all to do the very best we  could for our country, and for the  cr.i_dit-.QL-PUr.���corps.l_'_���_Af tor��� irlvinir���:__  plict. gathered for weeks beforehand.  The only ditlicult part was from St.  Pierre lo St. Remy, about llfteen or  twenty miles." On arrival at Winnipeg the troop was camped at a place  coifed Mud Flats. Before three days  had elapsed one-third of the men were  down with rheumatism and b*:i'el disorders, caused by the dampness and  cold of the camp. Il was not until the  Colonel had said that he would stand  It :no longer, after some days of the  exposure, that comfortable, nwirters  weiv found for the men. Winnipeg  wlin left on the IXSnl of April, and  Humboldt reached on May 1st. The  Colonel, finding that here he was in  AN 1NDEFENS1 P.LE POSITION,  witli .only ninety men to guard a large  quantity of supplies, caused his men  to construct rifle-pits and onireneh-  iiieiits. The news got to him that General Mlddteton. on hearing of this,  ridiculed li'Ini for so doing, saying  there were no enemies within ilfty  miles. Hut ns the enemy could have  reached him within twelve hours the  Colonel thinks lie did the right thing-  Colonel Denlson: was. however,' able  from the point at which lie was kept  stationed to render the General very  important service. Subsequently General Midiilel.nn discovered that Colonel  Denlson and his men were in a jan-  serous position, and said, "I am very  anxious about Denlson. Ue !�� In nn  exposed position. I, wish O'Brien was  up to reinforce him:" Colonel Denlson managed to get fifty-four teams  together, and sent 110.000 pounds of  stores un to Batoehe with an escort of  thirty-live men under his brother, Captain Clarence Denlson, but before the  convoy reached its destination the  Battle of Hatoohe had been fought,  anil the rebels had been utterly routed. It Is. evident from the Colonel's  remarlcti that lie would have been  much, better pleased if he had been in  the lighting line instead - of having to  keep guard over the stores.  Colonel Denlson devotes some space  to pitying a tribute to the services of  the Into .Lieutenant-Colonel Wllliame.  He says: "There were some strained  relations in the camp from various  causes. Lieutenant-Colonel' Arthur  Williams was the senior olllcer in the  camp next to the Major-General*, lie : was gazetted Lieutenant-Colonel shortly after the Fen-  wlioin  I  had thought for years,  THE BEST MAX Y ���  to have been appointed to the com-  .mand of the Canadian =Mi!ltIa. According to the 'Militia Act, the General  bad no power, to give any olllcer a  higher rank than that ot Lieutenant-  Colonel, and Colonel Williams was ten  years/senior to Colonel van Strauben-  zee, ami-had brought with hlni from  Ontario a splendid regiment -100 hundred strong. Colonel Williams was  (���.���Hilled to the command of the Infantry brigade, and should have' had it  without question, but Williams 'was a  Canadian 'Militiamen, while Colonel  van Straubeiizee had been in the Imperial service, 'in some junior position,  and. 1 ,, understand, formerly knew  Ceneral 'Middlefon.."  Colonel Denlson tells a plain .story  of how liatoche was won.    He says:  "Before the third days' lighting at  Binoche was.over, 'it seems clear, from  rebels were forced out of the village  and driven back for several miles. The  whole force acted practically without  orders. General Mlddleton is reported,  to have said: "D��� them, let them go;  vou can't stop them."  This coup ended the rebellion. Colonel Williams received a good deal of  credit In the newspaper reports, but,  says Colonel Denlson, he was In tlie  bad books of the headquarters staff and  the army clique after that, lie had  to submit to nagging and Insolence,  and there was no one to see justice'  done to him. Many of the oillcers of  the Midland llnttnllon seemed to think  thi't Colonel Williams was worried into  the ilinei-s lhat killed hlni'. He wns  exposed to cold nnd wet, and run down  from hard work and poor food, an:I  al the last lie became, so weak.that* he  was forced to give up. "He won the  campaign." lvmarks Colonel Denlson;  "and that was his reward. Sir Frederick .Mlddleton obtained the promotion, the K. C. M. G., and $20,000."  Colonel Denlson is severe In his criticism of the treatment.Poundmnker and  Whlteeap. recivedi 'Poundniaker, as is  well-known, was attacked on his'reserve b.v Colonel Otter, and an engagement ensued in Which our troops lost  eight nien killed and fifteen wounded.  Poundniaker was  afterwards  'PRIED AIND CONVICTED  on evidence, the Colonel says, that "any  ordinary trial would have ensured.his  acquittal, without'the jury leaving the  box, but the prejudice ngulnst..Ihe In-  dfatis In the .North 'West was so great  tlint he could not get a fair trial. He  was sentenced to three,years in the  ���Penitentiary." The Colon-el drew the  attention of Sir Alexander Campbell to  the injustice that had been.done, and  Pouiulmaker .was released In the following Spring, 'ille also took similar  action in the case of Wliilceap. who  had been arretted, and had the gratification of getting the harmless old  man released.  Tlie closing chapters.arc devoted to  some personal'matter about General  .Mlddleton. to the return of the Body  Guard from the AVest.and to the author's' visits lo England during the Jubilees of 1SS7 and 1S97.  When the Princess Louise visited  Toronto in .1SSH, Information was obtained'that there" wus a Fenian plot to  assassinate or injure her. Extraordinary precautions Were taken.by Colonel  Denlson niul ;the' C^iief of Police ..to  safeguard her, and -In consequence Her  Royal".Highness ������ was" never in the  slightest danger. The Fenian emissaries 'reported when they got back to  New. York," tlie Colonel tells lis, that  they were unable to get. near the Prin-  con. because there was such n large  crowd of oflle'als who kept about her.  coooooocoocococoooooo  Guoaaaoooaavatiooooooo  THE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  LIMITED^  88-  oo  roi!Mi:i:i.Y c. wooummiid.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  Mail Orders Solicited.  WHITE FLANNEL-Somclh lng needful at a lmrgaIii-2 pieces Wc, nil-  wool   shrunk   While   Flannel,' ����   yd.  CHIEY FLANNEL���Guaranteed all-wool, anil cheaper than you caii  buy elsewhoiv. We ill'er S pieces of our "Oc quality for lue, Friday ami  Saturday.  Flannel Sheeting, all-wuol. 2 yards wide, fsie yard; white and grey.  DRESS COOOS-Black and Navy Serges, from Sic up to Sl._5 yard.  'Special for Friday nnd Saturday, in navy or black, Hi yards wide,  worth (1,10  for 7.V.  JAPANESE MATTING���10c. ISc, 20o and 23c, made with twine warp.  CARPETS. OILCLOTH AND i>L\Oivi-JUU.���Wu are soiling largo  quantities -1 yard Oilcloth, heavy, ATte yawl.  Nairn's Inlaid Linoleum.:$1.25 yard.  Heavy  English Oilcloth. 2.".c yard.  MEN'S HATS���Without a doubt we sell the best dials, for the least  money. Try us nml see.  Christy's Celebrated Hats, all   tlie   latest   shapes.  On Friday'and Saturday you can buy Hats that sell 'from ,sj**!.i*V0  up to SI.M for :?2.00 and Hats from -JiOO up to S2.M for $1.00. We guar,  nntee   every  Hat   to   be   this   Full's   style.  FLOWER   POTS���With  saucors. 10c. 15c. Me and 25c.  ���Large shipment" of goods from thu British markets; read the prices;  i$88S888SS^555'  5CCGGCC'  SCOCi  3CQOQ*SCQCQCGCCC*3Cf..o  ���COOGGCOGCCCCeC'CGGO  SATS LA-KCIl IJNIICIN LS A "TRUST.  . Justice Halloran, of Des . Moines.  Iowa, has rendered a decision 1n which  he held tl-af a labor union Is a-pool>r.  trust, the operation'of whlcli i.s In'direct, violation! 'of section 5000 of the  codo of Iowa, which says:.' "Any corporation or organization'having.for Its  object the maintenance of any commodity, is a pool or trust." ; The American  and Fnglfch Fncycicjied'.a of Law  .specifically defines, labor to be a com-  circles?-  ������& *  SOLE-AGrNT,*':'  24 Cordova St.  ���  WHOLESALE AND   RETAIL  DEALERS   IN  arciware.  .    SOLE AGENTS FOR: Electric    Rubber    Belting;    Beardmore .  Double and Single Leathe r   Belting;   Majesttic   Ranges;   Janieti-  Stewart's Wood Stoves: Valentine's'Varnishes and Colors; Fair-  bank's Scales; Giant Powder Company's,. -,������'..  Also the Registered Brand  of   SUNSET  Axes,    Saws,?  Spades,  Cutlery,  Razors. Hammers, Hatchets, etc.  Shovel,3,"  JIAIL   ORDERS  RECEIVE PROMPT ATTENTION.  M_a��! Orders Receive Prompt Attention.  , mortity. aivi It Is- on .-this, authority  all I could gather at the time,-arid'by that Judg'e Halloran'formed his opin-  careful. Inquiry afterward, thatY.there I Ion. Ryan Is backed by the Teamsters  were two cliques or'sets among the 'j Union of Des Moines,' which .will take  oillcers:, the General and some of-the I the ��r._e to the District Court.:  old army men In one. and the Caii.TlIan j .    ���'���.���""���'��� ������    '' " "* ?  JIOUSB AND LOT ON  HARNAKD ST.���  seven rooms, in good  repair:  price JIiliO;  terms to arrange. T.  Mathews,  117 Hastings Strei't.  TWO   LOTS ON  TIIAM'    LLN'K-Corner  Vennliics-iinil   Park  Drive;  size ISIxlM;  price $12.*i each. T. Mathews, -117 Hastings.  ���FIVE'j/OTS'ON. GRAND   VIEW���ONE  block from Tin.ni line; only ?G0 per lot.  These are snaps. T. Mathews, -117 Hastings Street.  FIVE  ACRE-    TRA'CT-ON    VICTORIA  road���About three miles from the City;  KOotl   soil;   easily  cleared:   only $300.     T.  Mathews, -117 Hastings. Slreet..  r.OT ON NELSON STREET���Fine view of  Bnglish  Bay,= only.'$72��; ?a  bargain.. T.  Mathews,  .17 Hastings Street.  vivid aoi-oiinl of the hardships of the  North Shore trip, the inarch of thJrty-  llve miles on the Ice, and the rough-  aiul-ivady lnanii'M' In which the men  had to sleep and eat. Colonel Denlson  gives ills experiences in the journey  from Winnipeg to Humboldt. In  speaking of tlie supplies which had  been furnished to tho cavalry, he rather naively suyn: "We were issued  blankels thai bail been condemned, in  most of wlilch there were boles  holes more or less. I insisted  on an extra supply and obtnlned  throe'for each mini, and nrf the holes  won- not all opposite each other ihny  wen; of soniu use." Tlw water bottles,  It  uppears,  ALL LEAKED  and   were   thrown   uway.   the  men  ns  soon as Ihey had a chance getting soda water bottles 1n their place.  Winnipeg was reached on the liitli of  April, exactly'fight days after leaving  Toronto, during which time llie troops  had travelled a little more than fifteen  hundred miles. "A great deal has been  said about the passage of the Alps In  1S00." nddo the author, "and there is  no doubt th-it it was a brilliant  strategical operation, but so far as the  hardships and dillicultles and exposure  to the men were concerned, I am satisfied-that our .-trip was much'the  worst. The march of Napoleon's army  was perfectly easy by a good carriage  road as far us*St. Pierre, with every  facility for feeding the troops from sup-  Mllltla ofllcers who had brought ''tlielr  men upon the ground, in ' tlie other.  The latter saw skirmishing going on,  and no hope of any remit. -They  thought the General had,no confidence  in them���they had very little .in him.  Their comrades were being killed and  wounded every day. and they wore.Indignant nt the rumors that regulars  had l>een sent for from Halifa. On the  night of the llth, William.; said to  some c-f his comrades: 'The next lime  I am sent forward to skirmish I will  dash^right on -with the bayonet and  end this matter, and I want you to  liack'me up,' and this! seems to have  been agreed .upon, as the result  :>roves." ' .-  General Micldleton had arranged for a  GRAND CO.M'Bl NATION ATTACK*,  and had moved,out with 150 mounted  men to the north-east of Batoehe, one  _;iin and the Galling. As soon as he  got Into action, Colonel van Straubeiizee was to attack the rifle-pits to the  south of Batoehe. The General, when  ho reaclied- bis position, commenced  firing, ..but-Colonel ; van Straubenzee,  thinking''the ^firing was not serious  enough', did not move his men. The  General marched back three or four  miles, only to .11 in) the main body of  hl�� force calmly waiting events. The  General's 'remarks''were, it is reported.1  of .a sulphurous description. The. General then went to-his lunch, nnd,Colonel Williams, wllh about SO or 90 of  his men,'ami'the Grenadiers,-about ISO  ���s-tivitig,���wel'e^-oi'dered���lo-slcii'ini>'hr***:is-  had been done for tlie previous two  days. They, wero to advance lo the old  lino, and as much further ns they  could.  Colonel Williams was on the left of  the line, nnd the Grenadiers to ihe  right. The position of affairs, Colonel  Dc-nlfvm  relates,  was as follows:  "The General, with Lleiiteiiani-Col-  onol 'Houghton, L.A.G.. und therefore  second In coinaiKl, were at lunch. The  IlOlh, the largest corps of the command,  were lying about (lie zareba, resting.  The artillery were at the Karelin, the  horses unhitched.- Bolton's scouts had  their hoi-set. on the picket line, un saddled and feeding:' the oilier fwo mounted corps lu llie same position, or, 1 it  other words. 2i,0 men were out in front  of the .'iiemy. while the main body of  tlie infantry, the 'artillery and llie  mounted corps, lu ail about 0,"0 strong,  were about tlie camp, us unprepared as  they  well could be,"  From Lieutenant-Colonel Houghton's  account of the battle, given to Colonel  Denlson. Colonel Wllllums advanced  upon the enemy with his .men, and  charged them  AT THE POINT OF,THE BAYONET.  They rapidly gained ground, and  cheered as they advanced. The sound  of the cherlng reached General Mlddleton, who on being Informed of what  was taking place, ordered reinforcements to the support of Williams and  his men. The reinforcements came up  In time to join in the ,llnal rush. ��� The I  DIRECT LEGISLATION.  ,   Direct   Legislation���Law-making', by  the, voters, j,  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The .Referendum���The--.-vote', .at the  polls on a law proposed through the  initiative, or, if petitioned for by a percentage of the voter*, or any law pass-,  ed ,b>Ya legislative body..     ... iv   ���     :.  Proponi'Mial"Representation���A. plan  of nominalingYiiid electing legislators  aiid'executives'.which shall voice ', the  exact choice of the voters In proportion  to. their numerical., strength.     Y  The Imperative Mandate���The right  to vote 'out' of 'olllce through the Initiative and Referendum any'official who  fails'to perform his duty. y\n  UNION BARBER SHOPS.  The following. Is a complete list of.  union barber shops in Vancouver. Is  your barber on the list?  J. H. Stevens' barber shop, Pender  street.  Elite barber shop. Hastings street.  ���Bon    Ton    barber    shop,    Hastings  street. -..'.'���'.  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.  Hnrvle & Elljs. Cambie street.  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street.  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  Smalley's Barber Shop, Cordova  street. ��� ..  :^I-!6iilder~Harb^-~SliOp7=C5rdWiiraii1cl=  Carrall streets.  The Whittier Barber Shop, Carrall  street.  Oyster Bay Barber Shop, Carrall  street.    , ,  Union Barber Shop, Carrall street.  O. K. Barber Shop, Hastings street,  east.  C.  D. Morgan,  Mount Pleasant.  '6Mc.ERl^.'/;;.6;>:-;-;  '���*   ?25;:HastiRgs..St.Y/Y;  toclei'ii'.Stock.oE fKHJiT  ���IAE& for ���'tlie'..'Season'.���',;.:���  ? ; Pints,  ."���'.-    G5c per..;��� do/-. -  Quarts," -    75c   "     ������'���"?������''  ���HnH-gnls;,;..90p/,���>'. ���   \^'-?;  At {Qualiti).:V '.'i\'M. ;?2S.  THE'";.:Y'v\f;.;';.;;'';"^"Y  is tlie only paper wes'tof  Winnipeg that gives the  WHOLE news, without  exaggeration in connection with live labor matters.' Its columns are  also open to all wlio.-liayc  the cause  heart.  labor   tit  Patronize home Industry.  SUBSCRIBE!    FOR    THE  I'ENDENT,  $'l'.2r, A  YEAR.  INDE-  Do you rend .The Independent? If you  don't, you should-. lt is the only reliable paper oil labor mutters' in the  city.  Get union label clothing. It will  outwear two wuits of scab made. Best  Is cheapest. Cheap at llrst is dear at  the end.,,   . ,        ..' "���'..������ .  Wha't are you doing to make the Independent uYsuccess? Tell your grocer  and butcher that you don't see Ihls ad.  in Vancouver's labor, paper. Tell him  also that If .he expects to get the,patronage of -workingmen Ithat: he must  advertise in The Independent."' Don't  forset this. ?? ''.!'-���'���' '������: .������'���'';���',"'���'  Don't You Think So?  : II'you do, why don't you  subscribo? It's not much  ���a mere drop in the  bucket���one dollar two  bits!  What About Advertising?  "Well, if you want to  reach the brawn and  sinew.of Vancouer and  tlie outlying districts, the  only medium that guarantees good substantial  support from the men  who toil is the working-  THE INDEPENDENT.  YOUR WIFE;LIIvES IT.���Your wire"���'  is proud), to walk .with you, \vlhen oHi-..  ers turn to admire, as they do in.vuri- ?  ably,.when you wear eiotlies made by  us.   There is an air distinctive and always ,. discernible  plainly    about    our.  up-to-date emits that pleases Its owner ���  no; less..than his ?\yife and,friends:' ?  , DANi::STEWART";;  ��� ������"������' V  X30 Cordova Street.   ';  Vitals Brand  Clothing  =ARE=Ti1 EBE&T  They nn1 tntlnr iiumU'. shrunk licfmi' cut.  Tht; nt'wwt stylos, in diet-tin* U'.st MIit^ in Uu*  nmrkct dtr theqnoncy.  20 CmitKiVA  Stiekct.  R. ROBERTSOM.  'Tbe-White; Man':  - .-,..,,.     _,     .        :-    VS.   ,���     --���-;,------'  Cheraese and Ja|3&  -���'''      . ,.- -  ,      "-V  All H'lilteineii nre cordially Invited to ulleinl  11 piilillc uiceliin. In llie Tmdes und Lnl'ior  Council's Hull ,.������,." ' ' ' ���    ,  Wednesday Evening next, 3rd Oct. r  at S o'clock p.m., sharp. .  A goiilloiiiHii, who   hits visited   Ciiiiniiind  .Itipan wili give tin address on   the Ciiino .liip-,  Irjliistriiil condition In liritish Columbiii.  piseusslon is invited ns to the best itiui niost .*  itimiedltile iietloii towards reform. AH ivliite..  citizens are earnestly retpiested to be pi'c'seut;  most espuelally Store aiid Salooii-Keepei'S. '.,:.''?  ���'������;' Zr :  (GOD SAVE,TIIK QUEKXoYxY???,

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