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The Independent Apr 14, 1900

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Array R. G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Glassware, Kimcy  Goods, Plated Ware, Ijunp  Goods. Cutlery and  . r.;,    ��� '.������  -������   Supplies.'   '  406408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S IMc'8?.T.!^vn:A  (toffee Konster.H and Grintfers.  To K��t  h cup  of (lulfciottK aroiiiHtlt!  coffee, it hliould l>e fresh  roiiMi-ri mill  ground ns n ceiled.   Try Dickson'* 1U>T.  33 Hastings St. East.  Ability. Tliouo (*���;{. l'liuk.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, ]$. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 14, 190<>.  NO.  ��� i  !���  'W(SII0l!Olr:!\,,S TIIMIIlli:  A Succinct Statement of the Locked-  out Men.  Ike Outlook ol Vancouver's Pioneer Labor Union  Is  Bright and Prosperous���  Yot Unsettled.  The attempt of the. Pacific Coast  Steamship Company to.break .up the  "longshoremen's union is a failure, to  say the least. TOils pioneer labor union  ol Vancouver is In as healthy a eondi-  - tlon now fa ever it was. It will take  more fh'a-n this loek-out to cause the  "longshoremen to give up .its, vl'ghts  as free .citizens, and the quicker tlhe  aten'mnhlp company recognizes this the  better It'���will be for-all concerned. It  ���was last February that the 'longshoremen ;"were. locked out for not complying, with the demands of Ithe Pacific  Coast S. S. company, .whllch. .the-.union.  looked: upon as. unreasonable in the  extreme, j Mr,.Nigel "arrived to'act as  the company's stevedore at this port.  When the 'took up the work Uncinate  ol the W��i!la|Wialla told the union dele-  Kate, that Nagel was .only appointed  to assist the mate. Later on, however,  ������ the objectionable proposal Was' formally,made to 'the effect that Nagel would  lake dharge of the men.entlrely, handling'the list himself and assigning the  men to their "work,.tlie union's representative to'have nothing to do in the  ���matter.' The officers of: tlhe unU>n bb-  jofct'ed't'o this, but undertook to lay the  enaltter before tho, men, who refused to  accede to It his linfalrcdemahd. HUer  ^���when the steamer Queen arrived she  brought a number of extra. men.;When  Bhe tied up the union "men were told  that unless they chose tb work under  She company's terms they were nort  needed. And the men were locked out.  Mothing resulted' in'..'tlhe. Interview  which followed.    .>-���-���-,  Mr. Gordon, the agent for,the Pacific  Coast S.' S. - company, recently 'stalled,  that he had.eleven non-union  'l.ong-  ��*hl>remen   engaged   on   tlhe   steamer  Queen, which tatat the union men contradict, , for  they  are   not  'longshore-  . men. having never, worked on a: wharf;  ' 'With the exception of one or-two, nJl  ' are -new arrivals' In this, -.city, ; thus  -'showing  that; the sympathies  of the  .working men of Vancouver are over-  i-whelm1ng   with   tlie   loeked-ou.t,: men.  'TT.hto. 'foot also  further   demonatnates  j'-lhal the union men are in the: right.  ��� The men on the Queen were engaged  flay tlhe C. P. R. policemen.   When the  ��� Xaots of theMrouble were stated Ito the  imen engaged to goto work on thet.Clty  ���of Pucbla they would not proceed any  ��� "further.  ��� The prospects arc very favorable for  i-the locked-out men. Mr. Brooks, the  "Mcvedore from Sc'attle, I stated several  ���trips ago to a1 couple of Vancouverltes  -that the company.were wording cargo  ���considerably 'Cheaper and quloker by  '.lurlnglng men from Seattle and-paylng  'them larger wages, .than r when.; the  work was- done by the'longsh'oremen  of thls'clty. If this is the case, ,but It  3b helle-ved"tbhit It is not the truth,  Ills a-conundrum wliy Mr. Trowbridge  and the P. ,C.  S.S.  company  are so  * anxious to procure 'men e.t this port.  If the merchants and others* of this  �����ity would -not paitrpnlie these bouitu  they would do "���nothing' more than they  should do, seeing that the loBked-out'  men all 'belong-.'to'our community.  hnve learned iuiw to enrry our burdens  In the way that Is easiest. We are no  longer storm-tossed; we know pretty  much, arrived at this stage, what we  lire going to do, those of us who considered they were going to do anything.  The fact of tnkins life on a lower level  of expectations makes It all the more  likely thnt those expectations will be  fulfilled. We have, with some fusing  ot conscience, accepted certain characteristics und manifestations; on our  own . part us Inevitable, secretly and  Involuntarily cherishing a hope that  where these do not fit In. with those of  our surroundings, it may yet be possible that other people should alter  theirs."  . MONARCH'S'  VISITS TO IRELAND.  In  connection with  the visit,ot..the  Queen to Ireland, It may be of interest  , "to mention that only six other English  sovereigns have been in Ireland since  the Norman conquest.    In 117!! Henry  -II. went to Ireland and remained"till"  the following year. John was In Ireland In. 1210. Richard U. visited Ireland In 139(, and again in 111!)'.). No English monarch went there for close on  300 years afterwards, till 1GSS, when  James 11. arrived, and he was expelled  ���from the country by William III. In  3690. George IV. was the next royal  visitor, his .sojourn . extending from  August 5th to September IS, 1821. With  the exception of Richard II., who was  there twice, the Queen is the only  Kngllsh sovereign.Who has paid more  than one visit to Ireland.  MIDDLF. AGK AND ITS BURDBNS.  ���Mrs. Hugh Bell .'contributes to the  Nineteenth Century mainly from a  ���woman's point of view a very interesting article describing "Some Difficulties Incidental to Middle Age." The  moral of her article Is that the path  ���from youth to middle age Is one of  ceaseless compromise between aspirations' and. achievements:  "Arrived at middle age, It Is very  possible that'most of us will have been  called, upon to "renounce a good deal.  "Wc started, probably, with tho conviction that our heads'would strike the  ���stars, and we have become strangely  reconciled to. the fact that they do not  ��� reachthe ceiling. But It was no doubt  (better to start with the loftier idea; a  man should allow a good margin tor  shrinkage in his visions of the future.  And it is curious.. It Is, pathetic, to see  ���with'   what   ease   we   may  accomplish  :lhe gradual descent to the lower level,  on1; which , we : find .ourselves   at   last  ��� polngalong, ifin somewhat less heroic  fashion   than   we  anticipated,.:yet. ori  , the whole comfortably and; happily.  We have  accepted  a good  deal,  we  The funeral of Mrs. Catherine Ritchie  Maxwell, mother of Rev. Goo. R. Maxwell, M. 1'.. took place yesterday afternoon from the residence,, 338 Hastings  street east. There was a large attendance. The entire community sympathizes with our honored member and  his family In (heir bereavement.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  A GOOD SUGGESTION.  Editor Independent:���A good suggestion to tlie-Trades and Labor council,  ��� to my mind, would be the establishment in this city of a bureau of Information, such as at present exists, in  the eastern states. This could be accomplished by the payment of a man,  whose duty it would be to keep an  accurate list of all unemployed mechanics and laborers In the city. Uuioi-  men desiring employment could register their name and address with the  clerk of the bureau, and'contractors  and. others wishing inentcould apply to  said clerk for whatever help they may  require. Thus tlie obtaining of labor  by, those who may be in need of it,  would be simplified.  This bureau should bo stationed in  a central location (say the present  laboi'i hall) and unemployed men could  callaround and find, out If applications  hud "been made for labor���or their address would- be on the, register : and  would be within call for; those desiring  them. A small assesment of about fi  per cent, per month would maintain  this office.. There :are a number of  men at present In.the ranks, of the  labor unions of'thls city eminently  qualified i to carry out the duties con-'  nected with such a position.' The establishment of such office as the above  and other kindred improvements lo.the  advancement^ot .the . cause, ...of,, labor  should be the alm!of the Trades.and  Labor council.;' Everything should be  done to enhance the,'cause we are all  lighting fori- and it is tlie duty of.the  council to see that the betterment: of  Its membership ;Is first and. foremost  In the 'battle of lite and not the boosting of politicians (be-they of whatever  party of clique),'hilt: to Inaugurate Institutions tha.f, will eventually lead ito  the emancipation of the poor slave  that produces,.everything which keeps  the globe revolving, and In return receives but a small compensation in  comparison tQ.'.tha.t which he has given  to mankind.   .'"Politics be d " is an  old saying, and I; might add for ..'.the  benefit of some of the members of the  most humane- Institutions we have in  Vancouver���the, Trades and Labor  council���"Politicians be ������r������-." Our  representatives In the council should  look to the advancement of the men  whose.cause they should espouse and-  not to political tricksters.      *  J: H.   BROWN.  Vancouver, April 13, 1900.  MLWKIIS WILL WOKK  Builders'   Exchange   Fail  to   Agree  with the Union.  Tho Men Are Ready, to Do Work Cither by tho Day  or on the Contract System  This Season.  AS OTHERS SEE US.  The Independent; a six column, folio,'  edited in the interests of .labor hy  George Bartley, and published In Vancouver, is the latest addition to, the  Review's exchange list.���Nanaimo Ke-  vlew.  The Independent is the name of a  new labor sheet that appears this week!  for- the- first-time.-���It- ls-published-in  Vancouver, and Is under the immediate  supervision, of the Trades and Labor  council of that city. The World extends to this new advocate of the cause  of labor a most, cordial welcome and  greeting, and wishes It a long existence  of prosperity and usefulness.���Boss-  land Industrial .World.  Vancouver unions have an organ In  The Independent, a new paper edited  by George Btu't.ley. It gives ,; promise'  of being���what Vancouver, hns1 so long  needed���a true friend In the Journalistic  Held.���Scuttle Union Record.  THOMAS AND JOSEPH.  Hon. Tom Johnson Is the twin of Hon.  Joe Martin. Tom Is a tireless enemy of  trusts nnd tariffs; so is Joe. Joe Is a  politician, but refuses to be labelled  us n strict politician. -Tom is a millionaire, but Joins In the light against  conditions that make men millionaires.  Joe Is as happy as an opponent of the  Government ns on the Government  benches, and Tom takes fate, ns it  comes to hlui, und keeps on smiling.  The other day some stocks In New. York  went stnggerlng tip from 60 to abovo  par with Tom on deck with a pocket  full of scrip; at the right moment he  jumped oft' with tour million dollars In his wallet. Tom and Joe coll  themselves social .reformers, and  doubtless they are pioneers In a new  sphere of usefulness. Politicians and  millionaires are open to conviction, and  must be converted, and men of their  own class can reach them as no others  can. But all the time we keep looking  at Tom and Joe. from the: corner,, of  our eye. They are with us, but not  of us.���Citizen and Country.  The, president of the Bricklayers and  Stonemasons' union gives out th fol-  lowng satmnt:  At the meeting of the union on Wednesday night. It was decided that the  members be allowed to contract on account of the action of .the'Builders' Exchange., The demand was made last  fall for the eight-hour day, to take effect on the first of January, 1900," and  for $4.30 a day, to commence on the 1st  of April. This,gave the bosses ample  lime to regulate their prices on all work  coming out to meet the demand. " But  the Builders' Exchange would only consider the proposition on consideration  that the''Bricklayers and Stonemasons'  union would enter into an agreement  .with them to work for no one who is  not a menibei' of their nxclunge, which  imdy comprises only a small proportion  of the contractors in this city. Consequently, we, as a union, see no reason  why we. should enter Into an agreement  Hint would1 do tin injustice to the other  contractors, some of whom were employing more men than any member of  the Builders' Exchange, besides compelling the sugar refinery, city, electric  power, company, . cement works, saw  mills, and others, who found it more  convenient and cheaper to do their  work.by' day's work, than.to glveit to  the .Builders' (Exchange; also , because  we, as a.unioii, would not lend ourselves'to help the Builders' Exchange,  to ��xacl from the public whatever they  might wish to ask for, gave rise to the  present trouble. The Bricklayers und  Masons''union" wish'to inform thepub-  lic that'tli'ey are now open as a body  lo do any work,, either by day's work  or contract, at reasonable rates and in  the most satisfactory manner in keeping with the trade and good workmanship.  of the whole earth, while the Chinaman lets Ills .coal He underground,  packs his loads on his back and docs  his manufacturing lurgely by hand.  "Mr. Mulhall, the British statlstlcnii,  calculated In 1895 that the use of steam  power had Increased flycfold In the  United. States In thirty-five years,  thus inure than trebling the  collective working power of the  population. He also remarks that  the working energy of one American Is more than double that of one  European. Thus the civilized world,  with the United States leading, Is yearly doing a greater amount of useful  work, while Asia does no more than It  did.a thousand years ago.. This fact  alone, will explain the demand for the  'open door'"and the Increasing.;world  domination of the machine-using nations."  HAND   VS.   MACHINE  LABOR..  "At the close of the last century  Jla'lthus evolved the ^theory that the  world's population was increasing more  rapily than the means of subsistence  and that all nations would soon be  starving If the birth rate was not held  In check. How completely this prophecy has.-i been falsified, and why,"  says the Chicago Tribune,. "Is shown  In an. article In the current issue of  Gunten's Magazine written by Carroll  D. Wright, United; States .commissioner  of labor. ,The use of machinery has  wrought the change. A fewyears ago  congress authorized a commission to  investigate - the relative production  power of,hand and machine labor, and  upon the; recent report of this, commission Mr. Wright has based some of his  calculations.  "A thousand paper bags could formerly be made in six hours and thirty  minutes by hand; they are now made  in forty minutes with the aid of a machine. To rule 100 reams ot paper on  both sides by hand. required 4,800  hours; with a ruling machine the .work  is done in two hours and thirty minutes of one man's time. In shelling  corn by hand sixty-six hours and forty  minutes would be required to shell a  quantity which can be handled by a  machine'in thirty-six minutes. A mowing machine cuts seven times as much  grass per hour us one man can cut  with a scythe. These examples might  be extended indefinitely, but a more  forceful_lllustratlon=is -found-by-con-  slderlng the total horse power applied  to machines In this country and calculating how many men it would require; to do the same work. For such  calculations the census figures of 1890  must be used.  "One horse power is equivalent lo the  power of six men. Thus, if the work  of C3.4S1 men In the Hour mills of the  United States Is supplemented with the  use of 7G*i,:itlS horse power tho power  Is equivalent to the work of '4,514,100  nddltlonul men. In other words, the  power does seventy-one times as much  work as the employees. The ratio differs radically In different industries.  Mr. Wright finds, that the total horse  power used In the United Slates In ISM  was about 6,000,000, equivalent to the  work of ���ili.OOO.OOO men, while only  4,470,S84 persons were employed, the  two kinds of power having a ratio ot  eight to one. A force of 3(1,000,000 men  represents a population of ISO.000.000,  so that, If the products of the manufacturing establishments were all made  by hand, It would require a population  of that size to do It, with none left for  agriculture, trade, transportation, mining, forestry, the-professions or any  other occupations.  "A still more striking Illustration ,s  found in our transportation, system.  In 1890 there were over 30,000 locomotives in this country. It would take  &7'rMO,320 horses to do their work, or  347.425,920 men. In countries like China  nearly all the 'work of transportation  Is. actually done by man power, and no  further explanation of the difference  between America and Asia is required.  By the use of steam we are evoking  aid from the stored-up heat in our  coal beds equivalent to the population  A NEWSPAPER WONDER.  When you open up your paper It may  cause you, to feel some wonder If you  know that In all probability yours are  the first hands that have ever touched  Its Inside pages, says the St. Louis  Post. The reason for this Is that the  paper ��� is ihade from wood-pulp: The  woodman cuts down a spruce tree.: It  Is hauled to the mill. There the machinery strips off the ;park, reduces  the wood to pulp and makes It Into  paper. At every turn cranes, derricks,  chains, cogs, rollers, steel teeth and  other mechanical contrivances keep the  material out of human hands. The  Immense rolls are wound,by machines,  loaded Into cars and wagons by machinery, put Into press-room and on  presses by other.tmachinery, and finally printed- and1- folded ..without--having  been directly touched' by any human  hand. This is'a mechanical marvel;of  to-day,' 'which is no doubt duplicated  In other, branches! of; Industry...it. Is  v-ery striking In the newspaper^ industry, which stands In the very front  rank of mechanical perfectlo.  THE TERMS OF ACUtHAT  Between the Miners and Mine Owners of Kootenay.  Result of the Conference to Settle the Long-Existing Trouble Over the Eight-  Hour Day.  NO ROOM TO LIVE,  O  Mr. Robert Donald, in. the Contemporary Riview, reviews the schemes  which have been carried out for housing the London poor -within the. last  few years, and.concludes that.not..one;  tenth of the,work, which has to.be.done  has yet .been. done. The need for better  housing tnoreases at a' greater . rate  than can be-kept pacewith; andrents;  were ne,;,TH;'.;so'-'higb. The essence of  the^ problem "'lies'lii' the injustice that,  o.?grocor_orvbut,cher_.wholsells bad. food,  can be punished, while"1 against the  landlord who lets bad houses no redress  can' be' obtained, and he is even rewarded. The loss on clearance schemes  in; London between 1876. and 1898 was  considerably; over $10,000,000,..and the  cost per head.for-slum' clearances has  been over 1(2,51)0 per family. Rapid and  cheap means of transit are perhaps the  most, effectual remedy, but unfortunately. ���Ih'so'me suburbs the housing conditions arc'as bad as In the'cities. Mr.  Donald thinks the housing act, must  be amended before anything, can be  done.   :o:   WAYS   OF   THE    STREET    FAKIR.  ���Mr.;Raymond, S. Spears, in ','The  Story of the, Fakirs," says that sometimes these plausible and theatrical  gentlemen make a fortune from some  catchy trifle. The street,man who does  the'selling often works under a boss  fakir, who will send out 25 men to-day  or 125 to-morrow, according as the opportunity, shows Itself, to beguile the  public "with particular toys,, puzzles,  novelties, or what-not. The street man'  needs; no capital to start with, and  only has to have a fellow-fakir In-,  troduce him to the boss In order to get  a. stock of wares. Mr. Spears says  that'not much of the stock goes astray,  which Is rather remarkable, consider-]  ing the methods and personnel of the  industry.  TERMINAL  CITY  BICYCLE  CLUB.-  ft was decided alt the .meelting of the!  -Ter'ininal-'Gltyi-hlcyclei-clu.b--the-other';  'night to place printed lists lat 'the'different cycle stores and, other places,  and ask every wheelman rto (subscribe'  $1 or more If he so desired. The imoney  .will be devoted to cinder paths, a very  laudable objebt.  San Francisco trade unions held a  convention lust week and decided to  erect a labor temple. Much enthusiasm  was manifested, and as an evidence of  the spirit' In which the local unions  took hold of the enterprise, It Is stated  that blocks of stock to the amount of  $10,000 have already been subscribed.  Carpenters' union, No. 22, took stock  for $1,500, and Carpenters' union, N��.  85,; took $750. The Intention Is to incorporate with a capital stock of $200,-  000, but to expend $125,000 upon the  building.  The printers, bookbinders, lithographers, typefounders, engravers, paper dealers, wholesale stationers, nnd  other kindred branches of the trnde  have agreed to close their places of  business on May 29th, to allow their,  employees to participate In the Initial  celebration of the printers' holiday.'  The newspaper ofTlces are discussing  ways and means of joining the merry-,  makers.  Architects and contractors of Lbn-  don, Ont., say the prospects for tha  building trade this season are good,  though it the talked-of bricklayers'  strike should materialize it would give  the trade a set-back. There are very  few houses vacant, and, owing to tho  advenced price of material, there, is  more demand for houses than for  "building lots.  As stated in last week's issue, the  long existing trouble between the mln^  ers' union and mine owners of the Inj  terlor had been terminated. The following is a copy of the final communication published in the Rossland Industrial World, the miners' orgun:  Rossland, B. C, April 3, 1900.  R. C. Clute, Esq., Q.C., Com's'r:  Dear 'Sir:-^Roferrlng to the several  communications that have passed between Messrs. MacDonald' and. Klrhy,  and Mr. Devlne, and to the conferences  with yourself and'Mr. Smith, we have  thought It well to make a statement  In writing of our understanding of the  situation.  1. That the companies are prepared  to open.up their mines under the contract system to their full capacity as  rapidly as circumstances will permit.  2. The contract system, putting it.  generally, provides that the contractors  are to be paid for all the work they do  and- the companies pay for all the  work done at a price agreed, upon and  determined by both parties.  3. The two simplest systems will be  adopted, viz.'*, (a) contract by lineal  foot of hole, drilled and (b) contract  by lineal foot of completed working."  4. In stopes, the method of hole  measurement has been selected, because of its extreme simplicity���contractors not being obliged to take any  chances on breaking qualities of the  ground, the powder required, the cost  of mucking or the loss of time from  smoke.  ,5. Blasting will- be done.; except  where otherwise arranged, between the  hours of 1 and 7 a. m'., so that the probability of loss of time will be reduced  to a minimum.  .....6. As to having all development contracts measured by;the lineal.foot driven, instead, of by the length of holes  drilled,1 it is'understood that most of  this- work, will be let by the.lineal .foot.  It would not be satisfactory to contractors or the companies to be confined  to this method of measuring the quantity of work done. The method selected for any contract will vary with the  mine and the existing conditions, and  Is a matter of free arrangement with  individual contractors.  7. When, through fault of the companies, contractors find ,' themselves  obliged to do work not properly included in their contracts, the time spent,  in doing such' work in. excess of one  hour will be paid for at the standard,  scale of wages. When, by. ...''special  agreement,: contractors, assume the  chances, of such occasional extra work,  the price agree upon will, be...made to  cover It.  8. The 'companies''will'furnish.'.all  explosives to contractors at cost from  distributing centres, or they will furnish this material free of charge when  agreed upon between them andi the'  contractors iri any particular.worn:.  9. The companies will furnish alli  machine drills, tools and impllments  necessary for the work free .of charge  to contractors, and no charge will be  made to contractors, for drilling ma-,  chines broken while at work.  10. The companies will arrange, as  far as practicable, to have all holes in  stopes blasted between the hours of  land 7 a. in., and they will .also endeavor, to have all timbering done  when required, so as not to Interfere  with the work of drilling.  ���11.-Companies-will-furnish-and pay  for the service of engineers and pumpmen  when such are required.  12. Mucking or barring down of rock  will be done by the contractors or the  companies, as may be agreed upon at  the time of making contract.  111.   It  Is expected   that   the. prices  agreed upon, based upon ordinary  working conditions, will cover all delays which are Inseparable from, and  Incident to mining work.  14. It his been mnde clear that it  is the desire nnd Intention of the companies to afford the contractors every  faclllty for carrying out their contracts,  to the end that all parties concerned  may be mutually benefitted.  15. The fact ot nn employee being  a member of the union will be no bar  to his employment, nor will the companies place any obstacle in tlie way  of non-union men becoming members  of a union,  10. The companies reserve to themselves the right to employ such men  as they see fit, whether they are members of a union or not.  17. It Is the policy and Intention of  the companies to treat their employees  fairly and not to discharge any employee, whether he be a member of the  union or not, without just and,sufficient cause, It being clearly understood that membership In a union will  not constitute grounds for discharge.  18. With respect to matters wherein  the employees of the companies may  consider themselves aggrieved, the  companies will, at any reasonable time,  receive a presentation or the case, and1  consider the same In a fair and Impartial spirit and! endeavor to remove the  cause, where any Is found to ,exist.  19. It   Is   expected  that  the  union  will at all times use Its good offices  and 'exhaust all conciliatory methods  before permitting any strike or stopping ot work. And further, .that they  will not seek to Interfere with the companies In employing or discharging  employees or Interfere with contractors.    Yours truly,  BERNARD MACDONALD,  Manager.  EDMUND  B. KTRBY,  Manager.  When presenting this proposition to  the union, Messrs. Clute and Smith  also presented a communication from  themselves, strongly urging its acceptance and selling torth In graphic  language their reasons for feeling that  its' acceptance would be far the best'  for all who would In any way be influenced by the decision of the union1  either for or against.  After a careful study of the proposition and the letter from Messrs; Clute1  and Smith,. It was decided to let'its  acceptance or rejection be determined  by a secret ballot, that every man  might cast his vote as he saw fit, and1  all day Thursday was taken uj> with  balloting, the result of which was anxiously awaited' by many. The decision;  of the union, when announced, carried'  unspeakable relief, the members fairly  shouting themselves hoarse In thtiii-  enthusiasm and reliet that the threatened struggle had been warded off.  The citizens received the news with-  hearty rejoicings and expressed the-  greatest pleasure at the happy termination.  A board of trad* meeting .was called  as soon as the result.of the balloting'  was made known, and an official state  ment of. the end of the trouble was"  telegraphed to the Associated Press.  Trouble has been averted and there  is now promise of great mining activity throughout the camp. The managements of the large mines have predicted that fully 2,500 men.will be employed in the camp by next winter.  Men will now be put on as soon as  contracts-can be let'and' the force increased as fast as possible, the mines>  to be worked to the full capacity of the*  machinery that is now: beini? Installed.  Much credit is due to Labor Commissioner R. C. Clute and 'Mr. Ralph'  Smith, president' of the Dofninlan'  Trades and, Labor congress, for the  interest they have manifested in the  settlement of the trouble and' the hard  work they have put In to bring about  harmonious understanding. Both of  these gentlemen have been tireless iir ^  their efforts to create "better-feelings-- -  and end the trouble, and have won the  respect as well as confidence of alt  concerned.  ��� On Jils- return home, Ralph Shiltli,  M. P. P. was interviewed as to his work  achieved In the Upper Country/and  said: "The situation at Rossland proved a very difficult one to handle, as  the feeling existing between the Miners' Union and the Management was  very much strained. The first busi-  ness'was to brinsr them together. After bringing.the parties interested face  to face, it was very much easier to fix  matters up and good feeling Was ultimately'produced . between the disputants. In settling upthe affair, at  last things Were very agreeable as both  sides expressed theiiv satisfaction at  ,��� he result and their willingness to stand*,  by the agreement that had been arrived at. The mines will start up right  away. The Le Rol will itself employ  most of the Idle men In Rossland. Lots  of men, however, are around'the adjoining country: who will .return to  Rossland, now that the case is settled.  Commissioner rCIute is. well fitted for  his husiness, being a very ; reasonable  man and a practical lawyer, rendering  invaluable assistance to the Committee  by suggesting means by which the dispute might be settled. With' the Dominion Government influence behind  him, and a reasonable method of working, it is impossible to overestimate the  benefit of his presence in arranging the_  ���final" settlemeht^It'ls'iiot'tooTTnucirto  say that his Influence with the Management was so great that, without him,  an agreement could not have been  reached."  COST OF ELECTRIC'LIGHT.  Statistics gathered.by tho Michigan  Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1898 show  that 76 privately-owned electric light  plants in that state charged an aver-  of 30'per cent more than 32 pulblcly-  owned-plants.  Elgin, 111., prior to 1S90, paid a private company $242 per arc light pei-  yeur, run until midnight. In 1S91, run  with their own plant, tho cost was  $62 per arc light, run all night.  Detroit, Mich,, paid a private company $130 per arc light per year, and  the Public Light Commissioners' report  for 1S98 shows that the cost was but  $4G.4G per light, with their own plant.  Bangor, Jle., paid a private company $150 per arc light per year; with  their own plant the cost was:but $53.  Jacksonville, Fla., run their lights at  but one-quarter the price paid to a  private company.  Lewlston, .Me., reduced the cost  from $1S2 under private ownership'':.to  $55 under public ownership: Peabody,  Mass., from $1S5 to $62: Bay City,  Mich., from $110 to $5S; Huntington,  Ind., from $146 to $50: Bloomington,  111., from $111 to $51. '  In comparing the above figures, it is  well to understand that these plants  were run exclusively for the lighting  of the city and under n system which  supplied*.light to / private-."consumers  the cost would be. materially reduced. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.,  .AFOUL 14,1900  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO. BA'RTLEY.  ���PUBLISHED   WKEKLY   IN  TEHEST   OF   ORGANISED  THE   IN-  1.A110K  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  THE HlNIfflUM WAGE.  AT   312    HO-MlBR   STUEKT,  VKK.   B.   C.  VANCOU-  SUBSCRIPTIONS   IN   ADVANCK.  A week, 5 cents; month,. IS cents; thren  months. *,I5 cents;  six   months. 65  cents;  one year, 5.1.23..  ���J-NDORSEU   BY   THE   TI WADES   AND  LABOR'COUNCIL.  SATURDAY..  .. ..APJll'L 14, 1900  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will   kindly  notify   The   Independent.  Until  we are able to get matters arranged mistakes are bound to occur.  The Trades and Labor council should  he more active In its endeavor to push  the union label. The city of Vancouver, it may safely be said, is one of  the best, (If not the best) organized  cities in the Dominion. According to  its size it has done more to .advance  organization within the last two years  than any city on the continent  has  "handsome building in which the members of various unions meet, comfortably fitted with all modern improvements: a labor journal, and other  things which .go to advance the cause.  With this good showing, surely the enforcement of the union label is not a  very great task. It Is the emblem of  good, honest, fair and' just workmanship, and the faculties now at the disposal of the council are such that no  excuse should be accepted if the label  is not a recognized factor in the near  ���future,, not only by the merchants of  the:c'ltykbut,,by the city council'iind  other representative organisations. To  ���the present city council���no doubt to  the representations made prior to the  municipal elections���is due a great deal  of credit for the boom the label has  taken during the last few months, but  there is still work,to be done to secure  the adoption universally of the. "Little  .Joker." .  See that your name is on the voters'  .list. You may want to vote on the  .Sth .June. ....    -  A public meeting of workingmen was  held in the Market Hall on Thursday  night when the union label was discussed.  The date of the ..Provincial general'  clec'tions has been fixed for June: 9th'  next. 'The, 'house will meet on July  Tilh. ,..���'��� >- ( '."'  If a man thinks his goods arc not  worth advertising, how can he expect  any body to think they are worth,buying? ' ..���:���- ���,   ���������  The Coast Seamen's Journal has  bene .greatly improved,, typographically, an'd starts off under the new management with a bright editorial  page.  Attention Is directed to .the a.d. of J.  Herman. His new-store is now opposite the Savoy, on. Cordova street. It-,  will pay you to icall and see his stock;  and prices. ���'.'.;' !  :    .. ���  A,special meeting of the stockholders  of the Labor Hair has been called for  Wednesday, April ISth. The important  business coming up demands the attendance of-every shareholder; ���   .  David B. Hill declares that the people  doc not require .more legislation, but  less. Instead of extending the powers  of government." Mr. Hill would exalt  individualism and curtail all arbitrary  power. He also objects to paternalism.  Were Mr. Hill a British Columbian he  might be called a mossback.  Edmund Burke once referred to "that  -chasUty-of^honor-=-wh!ch=--fe!t^a=stain=  like a wound." Will our future pledged politicians���the woods are full ot  'em���be found wanting in this respect.  The people���who have never been betrayed (?)���-will not believe this unless  compelled to by the aspirants them-  xelves.  That displeable piece of humanity,  known as the spotter, Is abroad again  in these parts. Ills sphere of operation  Is on the C. P. R. Already two dismissals are reported. This modem  reptile plays on the large-heartedness  of a trusted employee, begging for assistance and succor, then bites the  hand that helps.  ���We would commend the attention nf  readers to the letter of J. H. Browne  elsewhere in this Issue. The suggestion  that a labor bureau should lie created  by the Trades and Labor council Is a  popular one among working people. If  the council should decided upon tills  Innovation, steps should be taken Immediately. The selection of location  and officials are a matter ot detnll.  It would be interesting to know Just  how much reading matter comes Into  this city from outside sources through  ���the .customs house. We believe .that'  there Is erfough to employ a score of  extra men. Merchants and others. If  you want to make your town prosper-  ���ous,  patronize home industry.  This is a point on which there is u  great amount of conflicting opinion regarding carpenters as well as others.  Contractors say they do not believe in  a  minimum   wage,  says  an  esteemed  correspondent.    They believe th.it they  should be able to hire a man and pay  him what they think he is worth. When  a carpenter asks for a Job he gels it,  but he has no idea what he is going to  get for his labor,     in the face of the  above if a man is worth nothing to the  employer, the logical conclusion arrived at is that he gets nothing.     What  about  the poor im'ortunitte  man  with  the wife and family.    The union says  the minimum wage shall be so and so:  A iniin knows, if he Is a tradesman, jus:  what to expect.    He can therefore plan  accordingly.     If a man  is not a carpenter, then I say, he has unmitigated  gull to ask for a jo'b as such,    in tact,  according to law, he is trying to commit a fraud.     Now  will  any sensible  man  size  up those  points  and  judge  which is most fair.     Square contractors say cheap men are dear 'at any  price.     Then again,  the logical  question, comes up, what do they hire'theni  for?    The reasons are obvious.    They  hire them for no other purpose than to  keep the good men down, so its to make  as much as possible out of him.    That  is verified by tlie following: A man goes  for a job.  The employer asks, .What  wages do you.want?"    You say the ruling wage in,the town.    He replies, pretending Ignorance, What is the wage?  You say (for comparison) $3.   'He says,  Nonsense.    1 can get plenty of men for  $2.50.     Now again,  logical  conclusion;  he wants you to work for $2.50.    Follow logic right through: We should be  paying unscrupulous contractors for the  privilege of working, instead of them  paying for work done.   'Some'say, -Why  are not carpenters classified?    That is  all right, but let us see who is to classify them.    In all probability, he or they  would want classifying, as the carpentering is a class of work which is done  in a different way almost in every town  you may go to.    You take for instance  a glass door.    In some countries you  would !be thought; a fool if you put the  putty-side,   facing   inside   the   house.  Numerous instances could be quoted to  prove it would be a hard job to classify  carpenters.       The : union    takes ; one  course   to  endeavor  to overcome   the  point.    They adopt a minimum wage,  when the man getting the job will at  least expect that if he  is  worth anymore there surely can be no objection  on his part to accept more if It is offered to him,  which would'''cause, a good  feeling on both sides.    .That is a most  iogical conclusion to come to.    If men  would join an organization, and take a  live Interest in their work during working hours, and study a little more during leisure: matters pertaining at least  to their occupation, they would see at  a glance that.it-was to their interest to  do so.  SPORTING AFFAIRS.  TURF.  151 liD.  BARKER���On April (1. 1!W0, Susanna Whit-  bread Barker, wife of W. J. Barker, 423  ���Princess Street, at city hospital.  DVI-CE���On April 7, 1000, at Vancouver,  li. C, James Duke, age 29 years.  The Vancouver Jockey club can claim  the_ honor of being the 'first turf organization on the Pacific coast to present  a definite programme to its patrons.  The date chosen for the opening d'ay  ���ihis year is a particularly happy selection, as in addition to its being that  most memorable event, the Queen's  Birthday, the Fraternal Order of Eagles will 'be In session, and as that order  expects to invade our.city to the number of some two thousand odd, doubtless, many of them.will release their  pinioned wings, and soar Hastings-  wards. In anticipation of their presence, the club has boldly issued a'  purse list, which will doubtless from its  =varie(l=character-and-liberalityj=attract-  numbers of.-fleet-footed Ilyers. Already the stalls a't Hastings are filling  up with will-be contestants, and with  the track at this early stage In good  training condition, no doubt fast time  will lie the rule In all the events.  The Jockey club Is growing stronger  every year. Already the secretary reports a. good application for shares,  and with a continuance of tho present  good times, we predict for the club a  most successful season, -and we hope  that the club may be In a position at  I lie close of the season financially to  declare a dividend to Its plucky shareholders, who give their time and money  towards the fostering nnd encouragement of the breeding and racing of that  always to be "man's best friend" the  horse. We append the programme'of  the spring race meeting, Queen's Birthday,  Thursday,  May 21th,  11100:  First Itace���Free-for-all, trot or pace,  mile heats, three In live; purse, $1100.  Second 'Race���Gentlemen's driving  race, records no bar, to buggy, lo be  driven by owners; mile heats 2 In 3;  purse. $100.  Third Race���Half-mile dash, weight  for age; purse, $100.  Fourth Race���Five-eights mile dash,  for ponies 14% and under; ponies 14VG  to carry 150 pounds, seven pounds allowance for every Inch under that  height; purse, $50.  Fifth Race���Three- quarter mile dash  weight for age; purse MM.  Sixth Race���One mile dnsh, weight  for age, purse $200.  LACROSSE.  The second  twelve  of   the  lacrosse  club won yesterday at New Westminster.   Score 4 to 3.   The play was fast.  The British Columbia Amateur Lacrosse association meets to-day at  New Westminster. The delegates from  Victoria and Vancouver will be on  hand. 'Secretary Smith says that the  reports have all been prepared and will  give a good showing after last year.'  Nanalmo will not be represented, ns  they will not put a team In the league.  One unique topic of dlscussVon will be  whether tho players will be numbered  the same as bicyclists, that they may  be distinguished in their uniforms on  the field. I       i  LAST SEASON'S SUMMARY.  The following Is a summary of the  matches played last season by tho Senior  clubs:  May 13���At Victoria���Nanalmo G; Victoria, 2.  May 13���At New Westminster���Vancouver, 1; New Westminster, 5.  Time.  Game. Won by Mln. Sec.  1   Westminster 1     ���  2    .Vancouver 12     ���  3 Westminster    .. ..���     15  4 ....= .....Westminster..  ..  .. G     3D  5    Westminster..  ..  ..12     ���  G   Westminster li)     ���  Field captain, S. Sykcs.  Referee, Quigley.  Time-keepers, A. Larwill and A. W.  Ross.  May 24-iAt Victoria���The regular schedule was not played, but Nanalmo went to  Victoria.  June 3.���At Vancouver���New Westminster, 3; Vancouver, 2.  Time.  Game. Won by Mln. Sec.  1   Vancouver.. .. '.. ..10     ���  2 Westminster     ..  .. 4     ���  3   Vancouver 50     ���  50 minutes-Best piece of lacrosse    of  whole season.  Cheyno and Matheson In  goal.  4 ....: Westminster..  ..  ..12     30  3    ....Westminster 14     ��� ���  Playing overtime, 5 1-2 minutes.  Field Captain, Sid Sykes.  Referee, A.-E. Suckling.  Time-keepers, A. W. Ross and A. Lar.  will.  After game J. J. Reynolds was presented with a souvenir locket on his dc.part.urc  for Atlin.  At Victorla--Nannlmo vs. Victoria (?)  June 10���at Vancouver���Victoria, 1; Vancouver, 10.  Time.  Gamo. Won hy Min. Sec.  1    .......Vancouver.. .... ..3     ���  2    Vancouver         30  3    Vancouver.. 1     ���  4 Vancouver.. ...... 2     ���  5 '..��� .....Vancouver         30  li Vancouver.. .. ....4  7    ...Victoria ..   ..   ......15     30  S   .....Vancouver.. 2     ���  9 Vancouver ..9     ���  10 Vancouver. 1     ���  11 Vancouver....... ..18     ���  June 17���At Westminster���Now Westminster, 11; Nanalmo. 2.  June 17���At Victoria���Victoria G; Van-  ceuverx 0.  Time.  Gome...              Won by              Mln. Sec.  . 1 .Victoria..  ..   10     ���  2    ....Victoria.. .8   ��� ���  3    Victoria.. ........ 2     ���  4    .....iVietoria..   .. ..,."'...12   , ���  5, ............Victoria....."IV'.'.  ''.'6 * ,���  (S  ............Victoria.. ....".. ..16   :���  Referee, W. E. BItchburn.  Field Captain, 'A. .B.  Suckling.        ������.'.'  Time-keepers, George Cusack and Geo.  Snider..,- .        . ,"'.  -��� July 1���At Vancouver���Vancouver,-.    6;.  Victoria, 1.���'���;.-���"-.'  , '��''*���'<$&  :'���'.'" Time.  Game. Won by Mln. Sec.  1 ............Vancouver.. .... ..13   " ���"���  2    .....Vancouver..   ...... 2     30  3 Vancouver....  .... 6     30  4 ...Victoria.. ...11     30  0    ..Vancouver    .. ..' .'.26 ���  G ..Vancouver.; .. .. ..3 ���  7 Vancouver.. 8 ���  Field Captain, S. Sykes.  Referee, D. A. Smith.  .Time-keeper, A. Larwill.  A number of visitors were entertained  at the Club house, including the Mayor,  members of the James Bay four-oared  crew, and a number of officers oft the  war ships in the Harbor.  .. July 1���At "Nanalmo���New, Westminster  forfeited to Nnnnimo.  July 4���At Seattle���Victoria vs. Vancouver at Madison Park Grounds'. . ' ,.  Time.  Game. Won by    ' Mln. i Sec.  1   Vancouver..  .. ....���     30  Fifty minutes more play resulted In no  game 'being won and time was called.  'Referee, Geo. Studhope, Seattle; formerly of Orlllia.  Captains, S. Sykes, Vancouver; Watson, .Victoria. :.   c   .  Time-keepers, Deasey and McLagan.  July 15���At Victoria���Nanalmo, 2; Victoria,   9. '  July 15���At Vancouver���Vancouver, 1;  Westminster,   4. u  Time.  Gil me. Won by Min. Sec.  1 Vancouver 4     ���  2   Westminster ...... 3     ���  3 Westminster .. .. ..15     ���  ~4��� i'.. .Westminster. ���......IS; ������  5 Westminster.. ..  ..57     ���,  Field Captains', S.  Sykes and J. Mah-  oney.  TImo-keepors, Al. Larwill and G. Mc-  Murphy.  July 23���At Victoria���New- Westminster,  2; Victoria, 3.  July 23���At Vancouver���Vancouver, 7;  Nanalmo, 3.  Time.  Game. Won by Mln. Sec.  1    Vancouver.. 12     ���  2   Vnncouver ........ ���     30  3 Vancouver 5     ���  4    'Nnnnimo ���     30  C   Nanalmo  ..   ..   .... 3     ���  6    Vancouver 2     ���  7 Vancouver 12     ���  5 .Vancouver.. .. ...r���     20  0   .Vancouver  3     ���  10    Nanalmo ..  .. ..  ,. 8     ���  Field captains, S. Sykes and B. J, Simpson.  Time-keeper, Al,  Larwill.  Referee.  D. A.  Smith.  August 12���At Vancouver���Vancouver,  4; Nelson, 2. r,  Time.  Game. Won "oy Mln. Sec.  1   Vancouver 7     ���  2    Vancouver   ..   ..   ..23     ���  3 Nelson   6     ���  4    ...Vancouver 7     ���  5    Nelson    4     ���  G   Vancouver n     ���  Field  Captains,. S.   Sykcs,  Vancouver;  Gallagher,   Nelson.  Time-keepers, Al. Larwill, Vancouver;  Stnwatt,  Nelson.  Referee, Suckling.  Aug. 15���At Victoria���Nelson, 3; Victoria, 4.  Aug. 21���At Wcstiminstcr-iNelson, 0;  Westminster,  9.  Aug. 2G���At Vancouver���Vancouver, 1;  Victoria, 7.  Time.  Game.        "       Won by Mln. See.  1  ...; Victoria 28     ���  2 Victoria.. 5     30  3 Victoria .".   .. 2     30  4    ...Victoria  3     30  5 .Vancouver ���     30  6    Victoria..     ..11     30  7 Victoria 8     ���  S   Victoria..      .'3     ���  Referee, G. TIte.  Silpt. 4-At Seattle���Vancouver, 3; Victoria, 1. -  October 19���At Westminster���Vancouver, 4; Westminster, 5.  1   , Westminster..   .... 3     30  2   Vancouver 3     ���  3 Westminster    .... 7     ���  4    Westminster 2     30  5    Vancouver G     ���  G   Vancouver G     ���  7 Vancouver G     ���  8 Westminster G     30  9    Westminster 12     30  Referee, Mr. Maloolmson.  July 31���At Westminster���Victoria, 0;  Westminster, 7.  Aug. 5���At A'uncouver���Vancouver, 0;  Westminster 5.  Time.  Game. Won by   " Min. Sec.  1    Westminster 9     30  2    ..Westminster 3G     ���  3    ...Westminster..   ....4     ���  4 ..Westminster.; .. ..5  ��� ���  5    .Westminster 28     ���  Field captains, Sykes and Mahoney.  Time-keepers,   Liirwlll   and   Ross.  Referee, .Stuart Campbell.        >  July 31���At Nanalmo���Victoria, 7; Nanalmo, 2. ���������' '���'.���  BURRARD GUN CLUB. *  The tenth annual meeting of the  Burrard Gun Club was held last  evening at the Hotel Norden. The following officers were duly elected: P.  Larsen, President; Geo. Gary, Vice-  President; Win. McGulre, Captain;  Gus Dittberner, Vice-Captain; James  Beaton, Secretary; Fred Schwan, Treasurer.  Auditors, B. Burton, N. Lyons and  James Seaton.  Property men: J. Kendrick, G. Prat-  tly and G. Dittberner.  After election of officers it was decided to hold the first annual shoot of  the season at the Club grounds, Fair-  view  on  Saturday  tlie  21st Inst.  A general invitation is extended to  the-public to witness the day's sport.  A cood programme has eeen arranged and some exciting contests are look-  edfor. '^ ___ ;; .,?/*,'���--'"',.'  VANCOUVER BICYCLE CLUB.  The, road race around Stanley park  yesterday was a big success. There  were 20 entries���1G Terminals and ,4  Vancouvers. B. Haddon of the former club bi-oke the record in 25 minutes 55 seconds. T. Lyttleton, second,  in 2G. 40..,' Jess Edwards won first place  and Max LaCappelaln second. After  ���the'racejithe T. C. C. C. held a clulb  run, some 200 people joining in.  President W. Hodson was in the chair  at a meeting of the Vancouver Bicycle  Club held on Tuesday evening. There was  a good attendance. Fourteen new applications for membership were read, and all  approved. Mr. O. L. Spencer reported that  with several other gentlemen he had interviewed the City Council, with regard  to. the proposal for cinder-paths. The: following Committee of four was appointed  to'arrange for subscription lists to be  circulated in the City, and to meet with  the Terminal City Club in the matter:  Messrs. Hodson, Blackmore, Foreman*arid'  F. C. Allen. The Council has agreed to  give dollar for dollar for what is subscribed by the wheelmen of the City.' The  (President reported that the Road  Race Committee had seen : the  Committee of the Terminal City Club appointed in connection with the same matter, and the details for the event of Good  Friday were arranged. On "behalf of the  clubs, It was decided to appoint two  umpires and each umpire Is to appoint  a referee. Mr.' H. H. Layfield-��� was appointed an umpire on behalf of the Vancouver Bicycle Club. The question of repairs to the Brockton Point cinder-track  was left In the hands of the Club's representatives on ���. the Brockton Point Association Board.  It was decided that the vote of the Club  for President and Vice-President of the  Canadian Wheelmen's Association be for  Messrs. J. Gould and J.:M. Barnes respectively. Navy blue and primrose lire  to be tho Club colors for the year, this  selection haying been made yesterday by  Messrs. Spencer and Moore, on behalf of  the Club. Ribbons will be sent to each  member of the Club. After the.passing  of accounts, the meeting adjourned.: '  will find everything  that is NEW for  EASTERVWEAR  .. _IN-      -  cotscocMMMKMMWOoi^ecococrcoocccccoccocoeonooeooooiw  :^V^/h"   "���'" ���'   '     " ^  VANCOUVER CRICKET CLUB.  The annual general meeting of the  Cricket Club washeld at the Badminton  Hotel on Tuesday evening, Present, Mr.  C. Gardiner-Johnson, (Chairman); A.  St.G. Hamersley, R. Murpole, J.��� W. Sinclair, H. Lockwood, A. Jukes, V. Christ-  Ian, H. w." Colobrook, Dr. Underhlll, A.  R. Waterfall, T. D. Stevens, C. Marpolo,  F. Salsbury, J. Boyd, II. Ponsford, 6.  Bowley, W. T. Hutchins, H. L. Morley,  Dr. Senkler, F. Crickmay, R. G. Tatlow,  W. Pickering, A. E. Shelton, A. P. Home,  y._C._Brlmacombe-Rev���H���G���F.-Clin-_  tcn, R. Ormsby, G. Melhulsh, : F. M.  Chaldecott,  T.   O. ^Townlcy  and  others.  The Secretary's an'd Treasurer's reports  and accounts were read and adopted.  The following were elected officers for  the year 1900:  -.President,   C.   Gardiner-Johnson.  Hon.  President, William  Pickering.  Vice-Presidents, Dr. G. D. Johnston, A.  St. G. Hamersley, R. Marpole, R. G. Tatlow, Judge Irving, F. HInde-Bowkor.  Captain, A. Jukes.  Secretary-Treasurer, If. Lockwood.  Committee: E. Million, F. M. Chalde-  cf'tt, T. O. Townley, li. Colobrook, F. F.  Bums, Rev. II. G. F.-Cllnton, F. G. Crick-  may.  Brockton Point Delegates: F. M. Chaldecott,  II.   Lockwood,       ,  A number of now members were elected, " ���  It was decided that tho Executlvo take  mens to tester ciickci iimungsi the boys'  clubs.  The meeting decided to carry on tennis  as usual.  A hearty vote of thanks Was passed to  Mr. F. jr. Chaldecott, on his retiring  from the olllco ot Secretary which he  had filled for the last seven yenrs.  After somo generar discussion on minor business the meeting adjourned with.a  vote of thanks lo the Chairman and the  Manager of the Badminton Hotel for tho  uso of tho rooms.  A hranch of the International Correspondence schools, of Scranton, Pa., has  been located in this city at room 4 Le-  tevre block. The curricula of the  schools embrace nearly 100 courses of  instruction, and the total enrollment  number 160,000, with a monthly increase  of about 9,000. There are 21 schools for  tuition in mechanical, steam, marine,  locomotive and civil engineering; also  schools of mines, chemistry, architecture, electricity, etc.  Jackets,  Costumes  Millinery  Dress Goods  Prints  Neckwear  Laces  Embroideries  Belts  Leather Goods  ���AT���  R  170 Cordova St,  ���'COR'. (.'AMBUS.  JiH.Shrewsbury  THE NEW GROCER.  Special Prices for  Easter Saturday  One pound licM IM-ccut blended ten for -toe. -  One pound of my fmimiiK Ill-cent Ueylon Uso.  for:��ie. ���' ,  one pound of my well-known "W-eoiit tea far  ���Mt\  Itcst 10-cclil Mni'lui iiml .liivit coffee, 'Liu per  pound.  -  .My :uicciit coffee, ground or migroiind,for 'Sti  per pound.  SPKCI.M, KimcE-Iluyer* of one pound ol  thu illinve leas or. coffees will lie entitled lo  piii'i'lmse HI pounds N'o. 1 Kmn'iiliitcd suipir iitoo  jicr pound. ,  l-XK'.S, HAM AND BACON.  New laid (locnl) eKgs, 2'm: per doi:.  Hams (best Ontario), Pic per pound.  I'ui'oii (best boneless), l">e per pound.  KlnuHt   Crcomery, Butter, 30  CentH   l:>eir "Pound.'  These special prices for Kaster, Saturday of  tea, rofrcdind sugar are especially meat to introduce llicin.  BULK   'PIOAS   A*NL> COF*l!*KKt5.  Flack Block, 159 Hastings St.  CALL"  At tliu workin^mmi's wntuhmukcr und jeweller *  lmforu mmilniMiig anywhere olsu. He Ik known  through U. (J. for good nnd chunp watches ami ;  jewelry.   Wntuh repairing a specialty.  I. HERMAN,  IB) Cordova Street, opposite Savoy  . Theatre, Vancouver.  ininnr.  ooaaoaaaoaoaaaooooaaooaaaoaoaaaaaajaaaaaaaaoaaoooo  Fit-Reform  ; -^^wardrobe:  For '.Gentlemen's-''High Art, Tailor-made  Garnients, Suits to order- orready -to wear  at '.best tailors' prices, ,''''>: :V  334 Hastings Si. -    - VANCOUVER, B. C.  ;   ���TlI0S,F0STKK, ��rss  o  .:. U  .'���(ft  U  u  ��  **  s  u  u  u  u  tt  i��  o  o  0  ��  o  V  u  tt  *i  U  tt  <8  Columbia and  HartforcT  n  Bicycler  Fitted with Du.\i,or  Tiiiks  an;  the   best   ,  and cheapestSvhcels  on the market. Complete stock at  TISDAL'S ���3un  521 Hasti mi's St,  Store  =e-  F. O. E.���VANCOUVER AT3RIH NO. G,  ,F. O. B., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting members welcome. 11. W. Find-  ley, W. P., Province olllco; S. R Rood,  W.  S., World oillce.  Kcad Vancouver  "Saturday Night"  The only illustrated  weekly on the coast,  a Year.  Public Meeting  Will be'held on Wkdxksday  Nkiiit, at S o'clock, in Jjiibor  Jlall, to discuss the Alien  Labor Act.  All welcome.  J. (1 jVIausiiali;, Sec.  See Geo. Irvine's Out-door  vases, and get one for your  lawn.   Rear World office.  STOCKTAKING  ���sSALE-f  Toys, Dolls, and  Fancy Ooods, Etc  . K  J. ��. c.  503 Hastings St.  THE INT'ERNiAfTIONACL CORUESPONiD-  ENOE Schools of Scranton, Pa., Is for  ���the home study of industrial science.  taught "by mall. A-pply Geo. H. Skefflng-  ton, room 4, I^efevre "block, Vancouver. P.  O. box 519. ,       ' _, ���       . *y. ~r'  ;".xvi!i  ���SATURDAY., ��� .. .. *.'A*PjRJti 14, 1900  THE INDEPENDENT  LABOR NOTES.  Labor Is the life of life.   Base is the  ���way to disease.   The'highest life of an  organ lies In the fullest discharge of  its functions.  Canada operates a telegraph line to  Dawson.     Why not operate nil linen  In the Dominion and give tho people  ���the benefit?���New Denver, B.C., Ledge,  -trV't Butte, Mont., only one firm, Hen-'  nesy "Mercantile Co., now holds out  against   the  early  closing movement'  ���Of the Clerks' Protective union, but  It is expected' that they will capitulate  -Boon.  fustian combine was formed W'Jllh a  capital ot over half a million, and a  worsted Combine with a capital of  eighteen millions." "England has hud  free trade for half a century.  ���TheNanalmo   Trades   and    Labor  ���������council    hava communicated with the  .city council of that place asking that  the union label be placed on nil city  ���clothing ami printing.  It is anticipated*  .'.that the request will be granted.  ���'���'��� The .Machinists' union at Toronto  Junction has 45 members. Fourteen  months ago there were only two unions  In Ontario. Now there are 13���Dun-  das, Ottawa, Brantford, Cnrloton Place  .and Peterboro being the latest in the  field.  Actuated by a desire to relieve the  pressure at the labor bureau, the minister of work.- of New South "Wales  has Issued Instructions that a number  of urgent roadworks in the country  and metropolitan districts shall be put  In hand at once. In each case half.the  men required for country roada ure td  be engeged through the labor bureau,  the remainder being local men. In the  metropolitan area nil the men required  will be engaged at the labor bureau. ;  PUBLIC -"V.'S.-  PRIVATE  SHIP. .  One of the witnesses before .the industrial commission In Chicago Inst  week, made the statement that the  workingmen of America put him in-  mind of a lot ot overgrown boys. , The  Rossland  Industrial World says  tiSt  probably he dldonot mean It, but he  gave utterance toil great truth. They  are a lot of overgrown boys or they  would not suffer the indignities imposed upon them; but would make speedy-  use of their only means of defense, the  ballot.  '.The carpenters of Toronto have  .adopted trade rules which will go Into  effect on April 30th. The eight-hour  .'day, a minimum rate 25 cents per hour  until August 1st, and 27 1-3 cents afterward, and overtlnme paid at the rate  of time and half, are the principal  demands made.  Rev. E. S. Rowo will leave Toronto  .���early in May for Victoria, B.C., to accept the pastorale of one of the Methodist churches there. He.will be there  in time Tor the coming provincial, elec-  .tlons, an as British Columbia Is very  socialistic, Mr. Rowe should be a valued addition to the Reform forces of  ���that province.���Citizen and Country.- -  The total of the two branches ot New  iZealand trade Is: (1) Exports, ��11,93S,-  .335; (2) Imports, ..��81739,633; excess of  exports, ,C3,19S,702. This is the first  time since 1890-91 that the trade has  .left a credit margin of over ��3,000,000.  The colony .has to. pay! yearly .ah amount  of some .('���',000,000 to foreign capitalists  for interest on public loans.  'Bradstreet's-says: Coal mine operators In Illinois have advanced prices,  to consumers 25 per cent., beginning  iAprll 2nd. This sharp advance is ascribed to two causes���the big 'Increase  tin miners' wages, which went into effect'April 1st, and the decrease; in the  output consequent upon the inauguration of aiii eight-hour working day. '  The Union Record says that Organizer Armstrong accomplished u great  feat when he succeeded In forming a  longshoremen's union. Time was when  tlie water front boys had the strongest  organization in Seattle. They had great  corporations to deal with, but so long  ns they were well generaled succeeded  In securing their rights. But poor leadership led them Into Indlseretons and  consequent defeat. The new union will  never regain all its lost ground/but if  It heeds the lessons of experience will  be able to greatly Improve the conditions under whlch'its members work.  ' At the jubilee celebration of the  Glasgow branch ot the Scottish National Operative Tailors' association, it  .���was stated that the branch was instituted in .'.December, -1849. The tailors  were among the first trades to organize, their tirst. society having been  formed about 1710, more than 100 years  fcefore trade .unionism was legalized.  ; The ratepayers of'Wellington, N. Z.,  object to the authorities allowing citizens to throw dead rats" in the streets,  where they ar!e left to.be run over and  endanger the'health of the people. This  is one of the many instances taken to  'stay the spread -of bubonic plague.  Large; numbers of dead rats may be  jfou'nd. ln: our own city streets and  "lanes;'!V'���-,-.'.;!. ���.'":���./. ���".:.:'":<:.-.    '���'. -7-;.   ';!��  Liberty and civilization are only fragments'.'of right wrung from the.strong  hands of wealth and book, learning;  Almost all. the .-great, truths relating to  "society were not the result of scholarly medlatloni but;have been first heard  in , the solemn protests of .martyred  patriotism 'and the,loud-cries of crushed and sterling labor.���Wendell Phll-  Jips.'-.V, "v "''���'���"���':,.���'-...���..'.'���!    ���  As a whole the Industrial situation-  Is firm, liberal wage advances to tin-  plate workers, coal miners and others  being especial, features of the week,  says Bradstreet's. Still, the existence  of such strikes as those at Chicago,  make for uncertainty among building  workers in other cities. Some striking  machinists have carried their point,  and the feeling is that a general settlement will'soon take place., Perhaps  100,000 manual workers have benefited  by the wage advances of the past fortnight.  A large section of the Austrian,miners on strike have disobeyed the advice of the strike committee to resume  work. At Ostrau there was a stormy  meeting of 12,000 miners, at which the  socialist . leaders, Dr. Karpeles and  Herr Ilerta, who recommended that  _workishould_be_i'esume(l,_were_vIoIent=_  ly assaulted, the latter being severely  injured. In Bohemia . the strike is  over.  A deputation of labor representatives  recently waited on the Ontario government, and urged the adoption of an  eight-hour workday for all employees  of the government directly, as well ns  for every person-employed on contracts  of any kind to which the government  was a'party.. Judging by the discussion which took place, nnd the remarks of Hon. Premier Robs and Hon.  Frank R. Latchford, commissloiietv of  public works, a, favorable result Is anticipated. '....'  The organization committee'* of the  Toronto .Trades ussombly has for good  .and suf Helen treasons come to the conclusion that all grievances In local  unions requiring the advice and assistance of the organization committee,  should be put In writing, so that there  shall lie no misunderstanding afterwards; also that any union requiring  the committee to vlBlt the same should  .send Its Invitation officially to either  the chairman or secretary.  Our Liberal friends cry out for free  trade as a means, of "destroying- the  trusts." The following, is from the  English Labor Chronicle: 'The American trust Is being rapidly introduced  into England, with all the disastrous  possibilities which it has proved to have  in  that  country. -   Only last week a  If it be true that Ralph Smith is going into Joe Martin's cabinet, and If  that: means that the .labor people of  British Columbia have decided to work  with' him, Joe will be all-right. .His  platform contains many radical planks  that deserve,the support of the people,  but Joe hasbeen very, erratic in many  ways, and has not been so trustworthy  as his friends could have desired. The  labor men in British Columbia have.ah.'  opportunity to Judge him better than;  those at a" distance, and If they: join  hands with him it will mean that Hon!  Joe Martin ^intends: to hew''�����$'. the line  more systematically! in the 'future than  in the past.���Citizen and Country.  The Toronto Trades and L'tiijqft^c'd'un-  cll has received.a statement;!'fjo*iivi^he}  label secretary of the Cigarinakers'  union, showing the use of the blue  label for Ave''weeks ending December  5, 1S98, as compared with the Increased  use of the blue,label for the same five  weeks In 1S99, as will appear by the  following statement: For five weeks,  Nov.' 7 to Dee. 5, 1S9S,. labels used 12,892,  representing 617,150 cigars; for live  weeks,'.Nov. 6 to Dec. 4,! 1899, labels  used ''17,942, representing 854,825- cigars,  showing an increase for the live weeks  In 1S99 of 5,050 labels, representing 237,-  075 cigars, or at the same rate showing  ah estimated increase for the coming  year of 52,520 labels,; representing 2,-  471.S20  cigars. ' ���-.  Some remarkable experiments with'  electricity have just been made. On  an egg which was being hatched it was  found that an electric current of sufficient strength to kill the fowl did not  destroy the vitality of the germ ip the*  egg. But the chickens when hatched'  was of abnormal shape and monstrous1  In appearance. Experiments with seed1  proved that a. seed planted In the  ground does not grow as quickly as one1  rushed in Its development! by electricity. .'Two'lots of twelve groups, each  ~oril2~seeds,���werrtoakelrih-water"!and1  placed In cylindrical glass vessels open  at each end. The receptacles had dipping into them copper discs to which1  a current was applied. The seeds were  kept nt a temperature of 50 degrees.  The seeds treated^ electrically grew 30  percent, quicker t'hnn those treated liv  regular manner.  An English exchange. Bays .that, if  you want to see tlie members of the  House of- Commons! really- Impressed  you should" watch thorn when some  enormous sum of money, running Into  hundreds of millions, Is mentioned.  They swell with pride on such occasions. They are secretly proud of  the national debt, and 1 believe some  think that the reductions which Mr.  Gladstone caused to be made were not  respectable. Payment of debt suggests the Little Mnglnndor; borrowing  Is'In;.keeping with patriotism. "I am  led Into these reflections by the fuel  that, on Monday night, tho chancellor  of the exchequer said that the applications for a share In the war loan of  ��30.000.000 had reached the amount of  ��335,500,000. Sir Michael stood on his  tip-toes and pronounced the great  words reverentially. The members  cheered, not noisily, but as If chanting  a sacred chorus. They seemed to think  that the figures reflected credit on  them. It may be so j "but It is curious  to reflect that there ^re all these hundreds of millions lying Idle, when people are starving, overcrowded or homeless. ;'���; And not Sixpence can ne found  for old age pensions." *  The following- > a Blst ot the speech*  ot Governor Lee, oC South Dakota, at'  the trust conference  a' Chicago:  "Wo may legislate    against  private  monopoly till doomsd*. v,  but so long"  ns we do not deprive ttov 3e Institutions  of their ownership of th��*1. lean!' of reduction und distribution, \\'K need, entertain  no hope that thej" *i'vl11 cettse'  to torment    us,    for   exiwiMVce has*  shown thut they thrive undMD' .hostile  legislation.   The remedy will lw t<ound'  In an attack upon the system of whjch  these monopolies are the fruit.    Ite.v-'  olutlnnlxe the control or production) an*.'  distribution.    Make  It democratic.    It  Is now an imperial system.   Substitute1  public for private ownership.   Throw*  off private for public monopoly.   Crush"  the rule of money and establish  the  rule of men.   I)o not destroy the- machines,   nor blot out  the  details  for  swift and perfect handling of commod-'  ltles, but make things for people to use,  not to fight over, and maybe die later  for want of.   Produce jand distribute  wealth for the enrichment of the race;  for the gratification of needs and the-  satisfaction of worthy aspirations-; not  for private profit, and plunder.  'Such*  a policy can be squared with the DeJ  elaration  of  Independence    and    the  Golden Rule.   Such a policy will destroy public and private rascality and'  give birth to a new social life ot whiter .  the people are capable when they are-|  delivered from the drea(L of starvation1  and death. ���     ..'���'���l  "How are the details'to be arranged?'  I do not propose to go Into that. No  system ever had a fixed line of unchangeable details. Fit details will be  supplied as the requirements of the  system dictate. Details will, come fast  enough when the principle.-has been  agreed to. The details of. the present  system are good enough, if'the engines  of capital were reversed, and put to  work for the whole people. Details are  a matter of experience. No man. could  have predlctedl fifty years ago. the details of the present business system;  no man can. foretell now the details'  of a system flfty-years hence.: Details  change every day, but one thing is settled; a set of details which enriches'  5 per cent, of the population at the  expense of the other 95 per cent., ought  to be put to work in, behalf of tlie great  masses as speedily as possible. There  is only one question, involved: 'Shall  the blessings of God and the Ingenuity  of man be monopolized for the benefit  of a constantly narrowing column, of  plutocrats, or shall those blessings be  appropriated to the use of the whole  people?' When that question Is answered In the interest of the majority���the  details oftoiir'new life will adjust.themselves to harmonize with the principle  of equity upon which the system is  built.  "These propositions are met with the  rejoinder that 'this is socialism.' That'  does not disprove, but rather'confirms  Its truth. The trust is socialistic: It  is private socialism. It Is unregulated  socialism���run for the few at the .expense of the many.: Our .purpose id  to change the scope of this socialism,  broaden it out;,., destroy socialized, piracy and erect a system ot fraternal cooperation in- its place. But dissenters  do'not go further than to declare that  ���this Is socialism,' as though that were  sufficient to forever put It aside. 'Yon*-  are a Christian': was once considered  a sufficient .answer to the claims ot  Jesus' followers. 'You are an abolitionist,' was once a powerful argument  against the abolition of chattel slavery. The sailboat twitted the steamboat; the ox cart ridiculed the stage  coach; the stage coach made*fun of  the locomotive, but the facts were not  changed. The best will survive, as It  has survived. Socialism must succeed  capitalism in the natural order of progress, and if you. will not recognize it  now I shall not quarrel with you. Time  will furnish the argument.    !    !.  "These changes are now within the  limit of an ordinary day's work. The  conversion of production for private  profit' to , production for the general  welfare cannot be brought about,;till  the Trust of Trusts���the all-absorbing  all-dominating, all-owning monopolist  has taken possession, of the country  and! forced' the people, In self-defence,  to expel, as this monopolist has in turn  expelled from commercial existence all  whom he has been at war. The people  are slow to move and patient In bearing burdens; but_ there. is_evidcnce that  OWNER- I like a pin In a bowling nlley, m.!t some  time In the next ten years the.v wl"  find out that It is not the begin. ninff  but the finish of a race that takes .t'ie  prize.  Unionists possess what the. worIA  needs most���labor; and us soon as they  can close up their ranks and control  the labor market, the mightiest trust  In America will be brought to Its knees.  There is a great difference between a  trust and a union���a trust Is formed  to Increase the profits of a few men  who have already epough wealth,while  a union Is formed to secure living  wages for a number of underpaid  working people.  The purpose of a trust Is to close up'  factories and mills and mines, und to  dlicharge as many men as possible,  while on the other hand the purpose  of a union Is to reduce the hours of  tabor and thus give employment to the  ir.nem played.  A trust freezes out ns 'many of the  smaller capitalists as It can, and corners all the profits for a few giants  ���who are lit the' Scheme, while it union  opens its doors to every worker in the  trade, and even pays salaries to oi-gan-  Izeis who gaOher as many non-ui/Son-  ists as posslbli�� in out of the rain.  A trust frequently has been' prnv'id  guilty of corrupting governments nttd  others,' bribing right and left to1  push some bill thmsugh which put millions in Its own pockets;- while trade  unionism seeks by lawful means to  secure legislation for the unemployed,  or for the poor llttl* child-worlters In  factories, or for! some of the weaker  awl neglected membens of'soCicty.-  (3intrust keeps the public in the dark  asHi Its plans of operations, and covers itself with a cloud of mystery,  while a union holds open meetings,  writes welcome over the door,-and by  means of lectures, pamphlets and papers does the best to teach the public  the principles for which It stands.  So here we have two kinds of trusts  one formed to benefit a- few- score of  ordinary people, and the other formed  to benefit fifty or sixty millions of ordinary people.  Both of these cannot exist' forever  side'by side, but there-is no doubt that  the fitter, will survive. Neither is  there any doubt as to which ofthe'two  is' the fitter.���Exchange.  yv*VVVVVVVVVVVNVVVV'  New ��� ���  Shoes  Men  Wi' have tin' n.vclusivo  selling iurenuV uf Iho . .  KH.'K.1I!I> SIIOK nn.l ili�� ...  tiki licrfl. there is in Shoes. < . .  for Vuiirs been pro-uiniiK'HlIy  in the United States, and in iii-  eof jis ('hough the1,' were not itti  enlfty the BEST "SHOE manu-  theit'i in 'til .style-i and leathers  16 Cordova  0A>\-*VVW"VM**^tf  1-  grayed Earh|  Alwat/s fiive Be&f Result* in Bearing  fruit, Etc^-a^^.  See our wiimdow for Spray I'umpH, I'riming  Jvni'ves, Pruning'Saw-i and everything else that is  needed for the pua'poae.  InOSa   Ufimi  ff>*   S^Oaa Wiitei. Street. Viilicoin-er.  ��� Iivroro   VUIIII  *��/     ^\P��a   VrontStreet, Ailin, 11. (.:.  (I.I.MITKD.)  Drink the celebrated Seattle "Bohemian-Beer," only five cents per glass, at  the Arlington.  especially.! com-  conslderatlohwofi' the  "they" n~re commencing to see the hopelessness of any attempt to regenerate  the middle classes of society. Public  ownership, already a well-defined political Issue, must soon, give birth to  a political party organized to put it  Into force."  UNIONS VERSOS TRUSTS.  ���A trust Is a body of capitalists who  Imve obtained control of the profits In  a certain line of business.  A trade union is a body of workers  organized to obtain control of the  wages paid for a certain kind of skilled  labor.     /'''���'  So far the trust has been more successful than the union in making Its  members rich, because there are not ns  many capitalists as there are working-  men, nnd it is easier to bring them together.  Resides, a capitalist can see whnt Is  good for his pocket, while thousands  of workers never think for themselves,  but believe any old thing the foremnn  tells them'.'  There Isn't a capitalist In New York  who wouldn't Jump Into a trust the  very minute he was asked, while It  ���fould take half a lifetime to got the  benefits of unionism explained to some  who need it most, .. ������  It takes longer to complete the organization of unions than it does to  form a trust,; but when unionism Is  perfected' it will be the strongest organization In the world.  They laugh best who laugh, last. The  trusts are knocking us right and left,  THE  "fjABOR.PCATPO'RAr."  At the 1SDS session of the Dominion  Trades  and 'Labor  congress   held'  in  Winnipeg, the following plaform ..was  adopted.    We would  mend It  to  the  workers of British" Columbia   at.  the  present time:  1. Free compulsory education,  2. Legal working day of: eight hours  and six days a week.  3. Government inspection' of all: industries.  4. The abolition of the contract system' on all public works.  B.!A minimum Hying wage, basod'on  local conditions.  .0; Public ownership of all franchises,  such as railways, telegraphs, waterworks,, lighting, etc.  7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation  on industry and increasing It. on land  values.  5. Abolition of the Dominion senate.  0. Exclusion of Chinese..  10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, on all  government supplies.  11. Abolition of child labor by children under 14 years of age; and of" female,'tabor. !|n. all branches-of-'industrial life, such as-mlnos, workshops,  factories, etc.  12. Abolition of property qualification  for all public ofiices.  13. Compulsory arbitration of labor  disputes.  14. Proportional ��� representation and  the cumulative vote.  15. Prohibition of prison labor in  competition with tree labor.  * Cleveland and  ��� Tribune  cie&  C5SGOOOOOOO  SOLE AGENT,      T  24 Cordova St. J.  A CAVERNOUS IIOUTH.  Hot Scotch writes: Jlr. Alfred Johnson, of Jackson, 'Mo., prides himself  as having the largest mouth; of any  human being alive to-day. He often1  entertains thepublic by giving exhibitions of forcing different articles inside'  his mouth; which would seem an impossibility.  One of hls'feats is to completely envelop a saucer six and a half Inches in  diameter;���and���thls-ls-not-the_onIy  thing the young man finds room for in  his mouth. J".U��h things as cigar boxes  are accomifiodated with no apparent  effort. Mr. Johnson is a negro and a  native of Alabama. There Is no record  of his having swallowed any cups of  saucers In Infancy, but it is not to be  questioned that he may before his old  age be able to eat a wnlerine'on grape-  fashion.  a  o  o  o  a  a  a  K��  O  n  m  o  ��*��  o  o  o  a  a  n  a  a  n  a  f IFTtI SEMI-ANNUAL SALE  Now  on in  Full Hlrtsfc at Less Than Wholesale  Prices..  Come early.  Opposite Market Hull.  ���120 Westm mite iv Avenue.  cccooccooooococccooccooocccccccccocccccocccoccooceon  ��  fir  ��  ��  ��  w  t��  a  w  u  ��  .   SMOICI3 ICU'RTZ'S  UNION-MADE  CIGAKS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of ICurtz & Co.'s fending brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurta's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" nre their best  brands. Ask for thein ami take no substitute, The above brands are made  of the best ImiKirted Havana, and by  export union workmen In Vancouver.  Hardie & Thompson  Miiriiio am! General =v  I'msiilliiig ilki'liaiiiciil Eiigiiiirt'i-s  .V-HI CoituivA St. W���'Vaxcuuvkii, IV C. Tki. Ti17  I'nlonlecB mid ilcnlmicrs of Ukv linrdie-  'riirtiii|tson water tulie boiler, new lileli  j*peeil reverntuir engines, ami xrwcwl  iniii'liiiieiy in liKlit ���.eetiiiai-. (or iniiKM.  I'R0rKU.KItS DlSlfiXEII.    KX',UXRS INDIRATKU AXt)  AUIVSTUii,  Sole airents In It. C. ami x, W. Territories for  the .United Flexible M'jtnUlu TublUK O'o��� Mil.i  London, Eng.  See thu line of fancy  Worsted Suitings  we ure showing this mouth. They iirc lht>  latest pttttenis, nnd will he cut, intulu ami  trimiiieit. The very byst koo��1s tuul the cIumlo-  est, consistent with llrst��eliLss \vorkiiiuit.sliti>.  Dan. Stewart,  130 Cordova St.  Ih tliu iiliict; ti> ii-irclni-c your line furn-  l.-hhik'iiniil jliillilni;.   'I'lie latest  ���jyles In  HATS:  Are iiowun oxhlhltlon at our store,  160 Cordova St.  TKI.. *J��.  UNION-MADE BREAD  W H>It THE 1'KOI'IB,  Wrj.mh-1 will cnll ��t nny part, of t*ho city;  prompt iittuntion iiml civility ntnll titatt; give  us u trtnl nnd lie sullstled.  SUPICKIOR   BAKRRV,  DECKEKT '& TIETZE     .'-..-'..' Proprietors  Corner Diifferln and Kifti Aye.ni\0(  Telcpliono 70*.),  UNLON DIBKCTOBY.  VANCOUVER TRA'0139 AN'D IvABOK  Council. President; Jbs. Dixon: -vice-'  president, J. H. TCitson; secretary, J:  C. "Marshall, P. O. .box 1W; financial scor  retnry, F. "Williams; treasurer, C. H.  alonck; statistician. "W; "MacLain; scr-  gcant-at-arms, "(V; Davis. Parllamentai-jr  ccn mittee���Clmirman, John Pearey; secretary, .J. Morton. Meeliii'?���First and  third Friday in oaoh-moiith, at 7.30 p.'.!!!.,.  in Union hall, corner Dunsmulr anr*  Hcnier streets.  VANCOU'R TlTOGRAPJtlCA.L UNION|^  . No. 2W, meets the last Sunday in.coeb.  month art Union-.hall. President, B. K  AVoodniff; ���viec-presldo-it, J. C. Marshall"; _.  .-ecietary,���J���F._M,atl-Jiis;_P. O. box M;"  treasurer," TV. Brand; scrsennt-at-nnms,  Guss J. Dunn; executive comrnittcxs���  Cl'.iiirman, J. C. llai'shall: Geo. Wllhyj  C. S. Campbsll, G. T. Diitton, "W. Armstrong. DoleirateS'to-thc Trades nnd iJalb'-  or council, J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby; C.  S. CiimpbelL'.  Imperial   Hotel  INIlKIl SKW .MA.N.tllKMKNT.  (���AltHOl, .t.COXWAY,      -     -      I'roprlotors.  c:iii>ii'<.Kl ciistv liiiuor.i, Kiih'Hsli nnd. hunu  bniiiils ol ales mid Ji'irter, tliu^l ilonu'slle kikI  iinporti'.l clnai>, willi lirj.l-cla-.^fivclirjcli every  day. IwrKS-Jl itday; hoard and ri'oiu.'f.'i.u,  week. Till'' Is tlie most coinfiirlahlo and honitf-  llku lintel III tliucliy.  135 Water Street,  VANCOUVXR. li. C  I.ONCIIKs IHJT.1'11.  C'ATKKINl'. ,( Sl'KCMl.TV^  <^5*    Confectioner.  A full line of CosFRCTiossr.Y ��nd  1'ASTIiIKS,      '  Ice Cream Delivered.  413 HASTINGS SlRUCT  Vancouver, b. <V  S;S:' THE [^DEPENDENT.  .SATUTODAY.. .,.-. V. ���.. ..APiRIL 14, 1900  TIIETIbES.  tl'ieparatl by Sam Tluiuipxui ul tlie Ailiiiinlira.)  fir.MtAV   aid.MI.W   "J'll>l>AV   *^V>1I'SK!<IIAV .  "J'lH'HMlAY ...  3'j'IPAV   JiATI'KIIAV....  111'.II.  WIT a.111.  7.-JT p.m.  :vi'a.m.  S.IVSp.llt.  ,   >.l."i ii.in.  ^.."���^ |��.iti.  ,   li.I'n.in..  '.��.'<>��� p.in.  .   7."> a.m.  Hi.-"!' p.m.  .   T.II a.in.  ll.ln p.m.  .   K.i'Ja.m.  Miduivlll  I.nw.  la.:l"i ii.ii>.  1-J-I"iii.iii.  I.tftpjn.  I.Aii.lll.  1. II p.m.  ���J.Mii.iii.  ���.'.-'���p-iii.  Xii''a.m.  ���t.Uip.in.  MCIii.hi.  ��j!l��II.IH.  <rX'<\ p.m.  MESSM 0i\ ATKAM.  .it the iimn wliii gwv* down town on  Ulic street cur will only look about hln\  lie will see many ylrtniKe things.    The  man  with  tlie hoe. 'Um capitalist,  the  "' itollticlun,  the'business man, the lady  �����lei-k, the nurse maid, and (Mrs. Gmiidj  ��� .will all be found, mixed up promised-  ... ously.     Let our observer seat himself  , quietly in -a .corner and w'ateh human  nature as it is seen through  the eyes  ��X the's-lrcet car conductor; if lie is a  ' liuiiiorist and has'an hour to spare he  will be well rewarded.    Tlie hardy soil  ' of toil is easily recognized, the alacrity  Jie  shows in  dropping his  ticket into  - the box looks suspicuously like bavins  ���the  ticket in his -hand all ready, ami  brands him as a different' belli;? from  , ixll other patrons of the street ear.   The  capitalist is equally easy to recognize,  and as a general rule is ready to take  the street car us he finds it, perhaps  next to the workingman  the man of  money is least likely to lie looking for  trouble.     The politician  will give our  man in  the corner some (tuiet aniuso-  . aiienl as he listens  to  the  fallings of  .   ilie  Conservatives,    the  .'Liberals,  the  Coltonites, the "Mnrtltiites or 'the non-  ������'.)JMartlnites  as   the   case  may   be,   but  T��v.hatever party our political friend be-  'Jongs to, lie seems to be on the best of  ���terms with  the conductor.*   The lady  , clerk by .her haughty manner, the nurse'  laid by-the surreptitious glances she  casts at the man of brass 'buttons, and,  Mrs. Grundy by her never ending1 questions, can all be. told and will afford  cur philosopher many a, quiet  smile.  (Then there is the business man, a. common variety  in  Vancouver,  and just  as easily recognized as any of the others, arid what is most extraordinary,  Is the man of all others who. is most  "Likely to make trouble.  Why this should  "toe, so is a question that would have,  ������puzzled even the redoubtable Socrates  .:.'���  "himself.-,     piir. philosopher sees .this  ���man pay his five cents just the same  as the workman and the capitalist; but'  , unlike, feheni,"he seems to own the o-i"-  "indeed,   our  man   in  the  corner  has  grave doubts as to whether he-, indi-  -vidually:Owns.the whole system or Is  ���merely one of the, largest shareholders.  ������"This man may have ���waited on-a cor-  ���ner five' minutes., but immediately he  . steps aboard he volunteers the information that he has waited twenty, the  way the conductor runs tlie car doesn't  ���suit  him.     Although  there  is  lots  of  ';.room   inside, ' he- Will   square   liim-  . self .on.Ihe back'" platforia iii such a  . fray that lie is a nuisance, not only to  tifinself and the conductor, but also to  .'all'those.���'���who have to enter or leave  the'ear while he is aboard.    He generally holds, a cigar in his mouth, and,  although he does, not smoke, it looks  sufficiently, like it. to cause the conductor  to he reprimanded if  he has  gall enough to speak to him. His number is immediately jotted down, and he  lis told. in a virulent manner that he  .will he reported.    Such a man as our  ���philosopher.is now studying is noti by  tuny .means the. rule among the busi-  ���ness men of Vancouver; the very contrary is the case.    There are men in  mm TOE CLAUSE.  Speech by A. W. Puttee, M. P., at  Ottawa  favoring the Adoption ol tnt> CLium* on all Gov*  eminent Wprl-A Good  Speech.  The Introduction of the Current  Wage clause into the House of Commons, on the -1st lust, by f'cistinastcr-  C'eiiornl Mulock, gave rise to a prolonged debate. Mr. Puttee spoke In part  as follows: Mr. Speaker���Although  tlie current wage clause was adopted  by several public bodies some years  before It was In 1891, as stated by the  hon. member for West Asslniboia (Mr.  Davln) that ,.lt was first introduced  Into the house of commons by Mr.  Huxton. After live or six years of  practice under this motion, a select  committee was apointed to Investigate  nnd report. They took two years to  investigate, and report.  This report, after six years of its  working." finds very little fault with  the plan at all.   I defy any man  ��v^ry_coTic^i\rable~llne���6f'buslness~that  41Ve conductor is always glad to see  "board his car. Nevertheless, the incontrovertible fact stares us in the  ���face, that a very large minority of the  'business men are more likely to create  ���a rumpus on the street car than tnose  pt any, other class, There arc stores  in Vancouver that a street car conductor never enters. Why should he?  JAnd If lie has a reason for not patron-  ���!sing certain stores there Is not much  tmance that he will direct belated passengers to those particular establishments.' On the other hand, some of  our most prominent business men are  ����> well known by tlie conductors that  Ihoir establishments are mentioned as  ex matter of course when Information  Is requested.    A case in point Is one of  If tho proprietors of what Is perhaps the  lurgest gents' .furnishing establishment  in Vancouver. This man by his gentlemanly ways, has made himself the  Iriend of tlie street railway . cunduc-.  tor, and as a consequence, he never  knows how many sales he owes to Passengers being directed to his store by  men who owe him nothing but the remembrance of his kindly ways. Certain kinds of men are ever ready, to  ��� criticize the manners of the street rnil-  ���wuy conductor, but it is mighty strange  that some-men can ride on a street car  ' ten times every day for ten years and  find no fault. Let the man who criticizes the conductors' manners m'end his  own and let the business man think" It  over.  ..._ ....  who  reads the report or the committee and  the report of Mr.  Buxton, ...a member  of that committee, and the original introducer ot the resolution in the English = house of commons,   to  say  that  there is anything in either of those reports that, in any way, condemns that  resolution,   or  condemned   the  objects  sought, or that it showed these objects  were not attained.    1 am  disposed  to  take this motion-and look at) It as an  important motion.   It is founded on a  (motion that went through-the'British  'commons,'and- which was amended according to the  report  of  their  select"!  committee.    They  have,    in   England,  proved this  matter,  they  have had' it  in  force  for  some  years.    We might  have discuessed the merits or it, and I  propose to deal with the principle of  the motion.    The principle underlying  a. resolution such as that now before  .the house, is that of justice and fairness, between employer and employed,  The; effect of a contract to do certain  ivork is apparently to place all the responsibility for fair dealing upon the  contractor, but as a matter of fact, he  for-'.whom the work is actually done, is,  in reality'the employer of tho labor engaged  thereon.    1 believe  that on  all  public  works  properly  so-called,   the  government should be  the direct employer of labor,  that it should do Its  ownywork, liiat It should fix its own  terms, that it should employ the men  itself and., pay   a "fair livingf'ra'teWf  wages.   It )ia�� been demonstrated that  [this can be done satisfactorily, that it  van be done well. ancKdone economicaU  ���!?.'.'.Many \iiui 'Z'.'J-vS -an.'l Some 6<W-'  ernments, have tested this method, and  the results have been most: satisfactory;  having shown it to be far superior to  >the. contract system.     It    needs,    of  course, good enough men, large enough  men, to be .beyond ��� the considerations  of politics and pull, and that the works  shall be given to competent tradesmen,  and that proper business methods shall  be  applied.    That  the  quality  of  the  work will be' improved . is almost beyond question, that it is cheaper it Is  not hard to believe, but the main consideration should be that in all cases  aclualuValue is received for all money  spent.   In the matter of buildings, material and  time, work   and . all    the  things that go into a building can be ,  estimated to a nicety, there is hardly  any  speculation, ,but   many  kinds  of  work, involving a large amount of conjecture in estimating.   The.'motion before the house  recognizes/the responsibility of  the  government,  for   fair  dealings  with  labor employed   in   the  carrying out of its' work.   It had been  adopted  by  the   British   government,  and   by" some other important bodies.  T'le "London, county  council  and   the  London school  board were before the  British   governriient  lri: a'dopti.ig  this  method of maintaining, and of having  respect to.the current .rate"of wages.  Several cities in England and In this  country,  have'.-adopted, a  similar me-  thod;=Someicitlcsi-have^gone^furthef.,  The 'City of AVInnlpeg, for instance, has  adopted a minimum rate, a rate actually higher than   the  current rate, and  this being taken to a court of law-to  settle  whether  a   city  had  power  to  adopt that principle, It was proved that  this policy Is good public policy, nnd it  was so held by the court.   The state  should, at least, throw its 'weight rather'on the side of better  than  on  the  side  of worse  conditions  of  employment,   That is what I consider is the  principle involved In this matter, and,  this is In line with the preachings of  politics.    Although   the  effect   of  this  motion is not to raise wages, but acts  as a barrier to their being depressed, It  may be feared by some that It Inler-  ferjs   with   the settled   principles   of  orthodox  economists,    But  that  Is a  mistake. , ,    ..,  1 remember, something less than two  years ugo, before the Cuban war, the  party of strong business interests ,'n  New York, issued an -appeal to the  citizens of that country to press forward for war tor the sake of extending the markets ot the United States.  They made the most astounding statement ,that the United States had  reached the limit of its consuming power. The fact was that the citizens of.  the'United States, in large numbers,  failed; to exercise their consuming  power. It is a fact that you have to  discard the conclusions of the most  orthodox' political economists if you  wish to assume that there Is some ob-,  llgatory law that the pressure of competition . ought, without Interference  from man, to be allowed so to act ns  to degrade the standard life of the  whole community. This motion does  not seek to raise wages, but every  argument which Is applicable to the  high standard of wages must certainly  be,  in a measured degree, applicable  to the principles and aims that are  sought to be obtained by this motion.  Now, dealing with the motion itself,  how will the operators of the new  policy laid down In this motion affect  the contractors.'.' Ii cannot affect the  well Inteutloned contractor adversely.  Therefore, not to have some understanding of the cost or labor Is unfair  to the good 'contractor, It Is bard on  the good workman, and It 's injurious  to the community as a'whole. The rate  of wage generally aceplod us current  in ii district where some work Is contemplated, 1 persume, would be ascertained, and that inte would be 'the  basis for estimating and tendering.  The method ol* arriving at the rale  would need be sound and fair. It Is  not specified In this motion, you will  notice, that it Is to be the union rate of  wuges. The question of ten. asked in  connection with the minimum rate Is:  Is It the union rate? This motion says  nothing about the union rate of wages.  The resolution practically includes all  government contracts, whatever the  class ot labor; not only does it apply to  what are generally meant by government works, but it also applies to all  government.supplies of all kinds, which  the government lets by contract, or  purchases by contract. In this matter  the .governni.eni of Canada is not without experience. '   "   .  This resolution proposes to prevent  the abuse which may aiise from subletting or sub-contracting. It is necessary that In some contracts there shall  be sub-letting, but it is a thing that  should be discountenanced as much as  possible, and there are cases in which  the sub-contractors' profits come ultimately, and can only come, either in  sweating labor, or on the prices of the  material. This kind of sub-letting  should be discouraged as much as possible by the government and t believe  it will be discouraged 'when this resolution goes into operation. ...  I should like to have seen an eight-  hour day Included In this motion, or  that it should have been put in. force  by a.concurrent motion. The eight-  hour day is not la new thing. The British', government" put it in force some  years ago. But, sir, this eight-hour,  day question is a matter of very great  concern to the workingmen of this  country,'and it 'is a matter which in  my opinion could be very well faced at  the present day. We are so prone to  grant charters that it seems to be one  of our legitimate offices, and it has  almost become second nature. We can  give' away large grants of land; v?a  have given away a heritage that old  Rome would have'fought a generation  to'pojsess; we can send contingents to  the war and I think sometimes that if  these measures frighten capital wc  would soon have here the only country where capital could gain its com-"  posure. The eight-hour law is now of  such' general application., that We in.  Canada shall soon be lonely-in ' that  respect.. The government cannot aspire/ to bo ft mod.el.employer until that  principle'lo Included. -Most-.pt the re'*-'  soiling that can be so forcibly applied  to the current wage clause can be  urged tor the eight-hour day; but at  least'the resolution might go so far as  to include the recognized; working  hours along with the. current rate of  wages.  It Is the intention to have the principle of this clause put into operation  and not simply put on re lord. .\  It was also objected by the hon.  member for Montmorency (Mr. Cas-  (rraln) that there was nothing in the  resolution to compel the government  to put it into effect. I do not think it  Is customary for a government, to make  penalties against Itself. I submit that  If a government does not put a resolution likes this into effect, the people  will enforce the penalty : against the  government; it is their business to do  so. If the suggestion that the main  provisions of this resolution should be  embodied In an act of parliament Is  feasible, let us have a bill, but let us  have the motion anyway.  The resolution introduced here is not  proposed by a private member, but  by a member of the government; and  if it is not going to be put Into operation here, point out why not. ,;i admit  the principle of the amendment proposed by the hon. member for West  Toronto (Mr. Clarke); but 'Dcannot  quite see how it can be included in this  ������esolutlon._I_would_.ilke_to_see.ahe  have some little effect ns regards the  alien labor law und the troubles experienced In that direction. It may have  some effect, but you must remember,  Mr. Speaker, that this resolution' only  applies to government works or works  bonused by the government, and the  alien labor law applies to a larger matter altogether. That luw, I maintain,  is of no earthly use, und I do not think  It was ever Intended that It should be  or any use. What Is wanted is not a  retaliatory measure, but a law prohibiting the bringing of labor; Into Canada  under contract irrespective of where It  comes from, In every case In which  contract labor Is brought Into Cumuli*.,  the intention Is to reduce the wages of  labor settled In the country. Looking  at it In that way, the principle underlying a law to prohibit the Importation  or contract labor would be the same as  that expressed In this motion for the  protection of labor engaged on public  works. ,   ��� .  ��� There was an objection raised to the  principle embodied in the resolution,  and that Is that this resolution would  have the effect of opening the door for  the acceptance of any other than the  lowest tender. T do not believe it  would. It it should have that eitcet,  It would only be because somebady Intended that that should be the result.  In my opinion tlie effect of this clause  would be to compel those desiring to  tender to ascertain the ruling rate.of  wages which they have to pay. They  would have this as a common ground  upon which lo base their tenders, and  that would be Ihe advantage not only  of the department but of the tenderers  themselves. Nothing is so useful in  tendering as to know the price of  everything you will have to use. On  looking over the debates in the British  house of commons in 1SB1 on this question, I notice that the subject was not  deviated from at all. The principle  was fully discussed and the matter then  and there settled, and the legislation  then adopted has qirovcd very useful  ever since, and I hope if this motion  should pass that It Is the intention to  make it effective and operative or  otherwise it would be better not to  pass it.  THE  BALL.  On"-) the evening ot'Easter Monday  tho Trades and Labor council will hold  a ball. Elaborate preparations have  been made for the affair, which will  come off in ithe O'Brien hall. All  wishing to haVe a good time should  not fail to put in an appearance. The  first set will comprise Messrs. W. Mac-  Lain, W. Beer, W. Davis, T. Matheson.  The dancing will commence' at U:30  o'clock, 22 numbers being .selected:  Grand march and Lancers' Schot-  tische, Waltz, Two-step, Quadrille,  French Minuet, Waltz, Jersey, Waltz'  Quadrille, Harvard. Gavotte, .Two-Step,  Waltz, Intermission for supper, Lancers, Waltz, Two-step, Waltz Oxford,  Van.. Med. Quadrille, Waltz, Carmen-  cita, Schottische, Waltz Lancers, Home  Waltz,  MUSICAL  ENTERTAINMENT.  A' choir recital under the direction  of Mr. eGorgc Dyke-will be given on  Monday, ApriL 16th, in the First Presbyterian church. Thep rogramme is  exceptionally good. The following;  artists are taking part: Mrs. Walter  Nlcol, Mrs. Roslna K. Burke, Mrs. A.  E. Coffen, Miss Machin, Mr. Colllster,  Mr. Allan Seymour, Mrs. Win. McNeill;  F. W. Dyke, "cello; Gemot d'Albert,'  violinist; Mr. Cronshaw,' clarionet, a  choruse of fifty voices, and Miss Fraser  and Mr. Walter Evans, accompanists.  Admission free. Collection in aid of  the church funds.  principle, or-tho good feeling if you  will, of the resolution applied to the  civil service, but I would most strongly object to saying that the salaries of  the civil service are to be fixed according to the current rate of wages, because you have not got the current  rate. Suppose you said the current  rate was $350 a year, which some of the  civil servants are receiving; I would  strongly object to any regulations applying to them the current rate' of  wages as civil servahtu until they are  put on a better basis than that. An  hon. gentleman speaking this afternoon said that the average salary of  the civil service of Ottawa was J1.187.  Suppose you were to tell a Canadian  t'nclllc Hallway trackman that the  average of his and the president of  that road was $110,200 n year, what satisfaction would it be to him. That  would be something aimed nt high  salaries, but Is Intended to protect and  keep up the minimum. I believe the  great majority of the civil servants ot  this country are underpaid. The people of this country should take a pride  In having a proper civil service run  on business principles, which would be  a credit to the country: and with n  proper civil service we should have  In every office good men and puy thorn  well. We have no right to expect some  of our public officers to be efficient  when we pay them such poor.salaries.  Fancy the government of Canada  starting a citizen on $300 or $350 a year.  Why Is it? Because somebody has a  privilege of ' nominating anybody���It.  may he a bricklayer nominated to do  the work of a clerk, which he is not  fitted to do, and in which he is not  worth $300 a year, perhaps not $30 a  year. -  The hon. gentleman who introduced  this motion said   It   would  probably  Patronize home Industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars. They are  union made and the best cigars in the  market.  riiE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  FOIDIKIU.V C. WMIOWAHD,  LIMITED^  TOR EASTER  KASTKK (ill'TS���The Duchess I'arnsol In black only, worlli t:i, Hunter price *2.'-'">;  White Net Tics, 2fic.: Kiister Cloves, |1; t*llk Ties, with collar VacjClilffim Ties, '.Klc.  JIKN'S l-TltNISIIlXdi'-NewKaslerTies.beaiillfiil goods in fiiiir-lii-liund and  tlowliig ends: all the new shades. ���     .,     -  SIIOK l)Kl'AltT5li:XT-Nmi-s(|iit'ak]loots:   Tlieswell boot at a moderate price;,  equal to any *f."i lium; ladies' boots in Pongola iiml Vlcl kill, prices fi, f'M and I'll;  men's boots In box calf lo lie had pi black and tan, ?:l to .S:t.60.  These bunts never  squeak. ���        ���  .CKOCIKKUY. riKl'.\RTMENT-Ten-iilei'c lollet sets; special bargain, Jl.!);".  IK>i,I.S, 1)01.1.8���To'eli'iir at SOeeiirli.  I Illc. a box,  e.  otne at once, or be too late; two  STATIONKItY���Note paper and envelopes nt  llltl'd .STOK������"-���������aster ccg dye-,.'��' a package  SI'KDS. KKKDS-AII kinds, not mam- left, co  'packages,."it*.   Cheaper in bulk.  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  ARMY AND NAVY  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  Wc make ;i specialty of Uyiox-MAun Oigars nnd  Tobaccos,, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  NEW-vv .  MATS  We hnvc just received the lnrtfe!*t  ami-best stork of SPitiK-i; Hats wc  have ever offurod in Vancouver.  They are stylish and durable.  I*. ROBERTSON,  ���20 COKDOVA STREET.  Seymour Streeet,  <?"^VAiscoiJVii*u, B.C.  GO   TQ  Brown's.  BAROAIN&    ���  IN fRAgtS^->  A delayed'sliipiricnt (ordered for Christmas)  ef hijfli-1'lnss frames and pictures just to hand,  and arrangements have been made with the  manufacturer:-! to sell all  At Half Price.  Tfiii ax-^ina d e^td^ordern rem r usual Mo w pr i cesr  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  HOOKS, XTATIONKKV, l'HOTO St'lTI.IKSl, ETC.,  V.IX Cordova Street     -     -      Vancouver, It. C.  A. M. TYSON,  WIIOI.KSA'.K AND IIKTAII. IIK.tl.KIt. IN  Visli, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  U2Coi:noYA St.  Tuoxk 442  FIRST ANNUAL BALL   Ill' TIIK   TllADKS AND   IjAUOK   Gol'Xt'l Ii,  IN O'llHllCN'S HAI.1,, ON  Easter Monday, April 16,1900  AT 8:30 P. M.  TlCKCTH, f\M A   l*Ol''''.K.     liADIKK' TlCKITK, GOO.  J. MAltSilAI.l., SeiTi-lnry.  The Gilt Edge  ���//..  KI56TAUI*A>"1*  ll�� Cordovn Street, fourdoora  . '" ��� west of Abbott.   ...   >���"  The best fliftceri-ceiit mail in,tlie city. Give  iisii triid. "The rcnl proof of the pudding is in  thc.ciiting.";.; Open day nnd night. :.  MeW Tickets, $3.  Shoe factory  F.or the very best  ��� STAPLE HOOTS AIVI) SHOES +  In Men's, Uovs* and Youths'  at Low .rmces  We do the btst and cheapest repairint:  promptly. No shoddy of any kimPused in <mr  factory.*' Just one trial will ronvinec you that  monev can be saved to you by dealing with us  at���  COS Westminster Avenue,  VANCOUVKIl, K. C. ~*  Just Arrived!  "���^\��� Splendid���Assortment- -  of j\len's, Youths and . .  Children's        "^  * *  Clothing  In.the Newest Styles mid Colors.  H. J. STIBBS  ���DEAUilt'lN'-  Rings, Watches, and Clocks.  Sterling Silver and ��� ...  Electro-Plated Goods ��� .  'Special Attention Given to'iill I'epiilrinv:   O^   ��� .444 ..  Westminster Avenue,  (opp. City Hull)  Vancouver, B. C.  MAKKS A SI'KelALtV OH:.  o      DEW'S:  o    iistiersBiocKM Liqueur wnisKs.  ���LARGK STOCK OF-  1MPOKKTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  ConNEn ConnovA asd C'ARitAi.1.  <^   Vancouver, B.C.  Vancouver's Most  Fashionable Tailor  ���  442~^>    Westminster Ave,  niEy  inn1  &  tt11111 urn   iiuuiV (V   w.,  50-L Westminster Ave'.;  Vancouvea, B.C.  H. A. IRQUIMRT  WIIOI.FJIALK AMI HCTAIL DKAI.EII IS  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  rurally  Irwlu �� Kpeclnlty.   OikkIh delivered  tree to nil pnrts ol the city.  37 Hastings Slreol,      ���      ��� . Vancouver. B. C  HuKliew. A   I^ozott.  I^roiJrlctorw.  The First Labor Paper published in the interest of . .  �� labor 'and wc are the First  ��� �� Store to serve the.public .  . �� The Cbeabest Reading  0 in A^anCouvcr-     ~=3'  You Bring Back Two'Old Novels and  'Take One of our,. New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S*.  139 Hastings and  "14 Arcade  Sbring Has Come!  TAKE  Your Babies  ���TO���  14 "Cordova St.  C��  o��  THE CHEAPEST  623 Hastings Street.  1  I  ���it  The Baimdral: 1,1

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