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The Independent Jun 30, 1900

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 0  I'  R. G, BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Glassware, Funcy  Goods, Plated Ware, Limp  Goods. Cutlery nnd  Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S IJ,t-SSTKEA  .Coffee Hoasters und (irlnders.  To get A cup of deliciou**.  itromAtif!  coffee, it Hhould be fresh rousted ntul  ground ii* needed.  Try J)Jck--oirs JJimt.  33 Hastings St. East  Ability.        Thum; (Ml. Muck.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B..C., SATURDAY, JUNE 30,* 1900.  NO. 14.  li.  MVIDE1S Ai\I> SLAVERY.  The Toronto Street Railway conductors and motormeii are very restless;  sind unless a raise ol wages Is granted  them at once, there Is likely to lie  trouble.  Toronto has the best street-railway  system on the continent, but In no city  t>f equal importance Is the wage rate  eo low. The men have many grievances,' but the low-wage complaint is  Hie greatest. The rate per hour for ex-  ,'pcrleneed men'is 16 2-3 cents, and reg-  tulair men work from S to 10 hours per  (day, six-..to eight hours on Sunday.  The relief men work much "less than  (tlie regulars. Tlhe highest wagei 'is  ���probably about $39 per month, and'the  average about  '{'15.   ���  In Hamilton, where rents and the  cost of living Is much less than in  Toronto, the men work ten hours per  tlay' and receive $45 per month; but  where-over the Everett-Mackenzie combine operates, slavery exists. In Cleveland and London, the ' syndicate lias  .spent hundreds of thousands of dollars In an effort to disrupt the unions  and-..enslave "the men.   ������.������-'������'  About two years ago. only thirty  anen belonged to the Toronto union;  "but now nearly V00 street railway men  are members. The men recently demanded a minimum'wage'of 20 cents  iper hour, *but ithe company requested  them to await Mr. Mackenzie's -'return.  As the landlords raised rents without  Mr. Mackenzie, and as living expenses  Stave advanced all round, men must  IiaVe an  Increase  in  wages, or  their  -'families'must'suffer.  The street railway .-'trackmen were  Inconsiderate enough lost week tn give  the company 24 hours' notice to raise  wages, or their tools would be drop-.  jied. Although Mr. Mackenzie was not  at home, the wages of the trackmen  were increased from 15 to 17 cents per  "hour,   and  the   trackmen   now  receive  more than the motorinen and conductors.  ....  ���-���' Where'is Mr. Mackenzie? Is he  nway spending the wealth produced by  tlie employees and filched' from the  pockets of "the. community .through  over-charges and poor services? Or Is  he investing.this-money-in other..industries to enable him to enslave other  communities? His syndicate nine -year's  nsro Invested  about $3,000,000,  biit  big  .:interest and dividends are now being  ���j-aid on 59.000,000 of watered stock nnd  lmnds.,. vUnder municipal ownere'iipi the  men would be better paid for working  shorter hours, and the public would  sret a better service for, half: the-fare's  now   paid.���Cl'tizen   and  Country,  To-  . jronto. '���'���.--  THE Bi'-ELECTIONS.  :_ Writs have been issued for.the by-  idections, rendered necessary by the  acceptance of: olllce by Hon. Messis.  l>unsmulr, Turner.'.'.McBrlde, .Wells,  Prentice and Eberts, the date of nomination and polling being as follow.-!:  South  Victoria:    Nominations,  June  .10;. polling,  July  3..  Victoria City: -Nominations, June 30;  polling, July-:).  Dewdney: Nominations, July 5: polling.  July: 10.  North East Kootenay:  Nominations.  ijuly 5;- polling, "July 11. Y'Y       \  East Lillooet:    Nominations, July, 5;  "Polling,  July  12. Y  South  Nanalmo:    Nominations. July  ' B; polling, July 10, ."  It; is' expected, the Colonist says,,  that opposition will 'be offered to tlie  return of. Hon'. Mr. Turner In Victoria  .���City: and George Sangster, who was  Hon. Mr. Eberts' opponent in the recent general elections, has announced  JhimRelf as in the Held again to try  ��:oncliisions with him. The local feeling In South Nanalmo Is that the'return of. the'Premier should be'by..acclamation, although there Is possibility  that a candidate;wil| be offered by  .'outside .-'parties.' Hon. .Mr. McBrlde,  Hon. Mr. Wells and Hon. Mr. Pren-  iico .will most probably be returned  ���without a contest. .'  IN MEMORIA'M.  In tlie regretted dentil of Mrs. H.  X Cambie. wife of H. J. Camblc^chlef,  ^eni-^^-rTjf-flie^crPYR. In. the (vest..  Vancouver lost one of its .most lilghly  respected pioneers 'and a lady whom  all wOio knew loved. The sad event  look.'place, lit. Montreal and the remains, arriving from the .east, were  interred In God's Acre here. The'funeral cortege was a large one, testifying to the high respect in which the  deceased lady was held. 'The casket  was covered with rare flowers, silent  emblems of the respect of sorrowing  relations.iiml..beloved, friends. The services at Christ Church were of a slng-  nlarly Impressive character and many  were  the   tears  shed  during   the   Im-  . presslve rites of the Church of England at which Rev; L. Norman Tucker  ��� ollle'ated. During the .early days of  IIiIh city .Mrs. Cambie was an angel  In disguise, especially' during the groat  lire, when.she'comforted -and .consoled  those whose lot was even wbilse than  Jier own. , Leading business * men and  ihe heads of the different C. P. II. departments pnld their Inst respect to  the beloved dead, whose good deeds  will not soon be forgotten. Following  the hearse were the chief mourners, H.  .7. Cambie, and his son. H. li. Cambie:  then (���.���line II. G. Tallow, M. V. P.-elect,  snn-In-lmv: and B. Crow-Baker, of  Victoria, nn old and esteemed friend of  the family. Following were the live  nephews of the deceased: C, D., A. J..  fi. and J. Catii'ble. The pallbearers  were Hurry Abbott, G. E. Corbould, of  WaMniliiMi-r;  XV. F. Salsbury, R. H.  Alexander, IS. Marpole and C. Gardiner Johnson. Sympathy,; deep and  heartfelt, goes out to Mr. Cambie and  those- left to mourn a precious lady,  who, as wife and mother, and in even-  walk of life, was an example to -her,  sex and whose quiet goodness will win  ���for her the Crown Chat Is Imperishable.  FINNIG'AN IS OFF AGAIN!  Wonders never cease. The Scientific  American describes a machine that will  do the work of\section gangs on railroads in leveling and trimming the  roadbed and preserving the proper  width', level and slope called for by  the standard cross section of the road.  Ordinarily thjs work Is done by hand  labor, and It requires some skill to do  it"-correctly, but now the machine invented by Mr. Frank Barr, assistant  general manager of the Boston &  Maine railroad, is throwing tlie labor-,  ers into a, panic all along ��� the line.  Space prevents giving a. detailed1 description of this new colossal labor-  displacing tool. It is only necessnry  to mention that a 30-mIIe section was  trimmed with the car in four days recently, whereas the same work. If done  In the same time by hand, would have  required the employment of 375 men.  As It was, the force required, in addition to the locomotive, consisted of a.  train crew.1 a foreman and four men.  In a word, there is a saving, or displacement, of S5 per cent, in cost of labor. No doubt the section hands will  stand alongside of the tracks for a  while and say "you can't do it," but  the fact remains that this new tool  will take Its place by the side of the  mammoth coal and ore dumpers, sewer  diggers, mining and hoisting machinery, etc., in flattening the bumps of  egotism under the hats of workingmen  who imagine that the world stands  still for their especial benefit, and who  stubbornly refuse to understand that  the tools of production are now social  tools ami should be owned by society  collectively, Instead ol by capitalists  for the exploitation of labor. But that  would be socialism, and all working-  men who haven't given the subject an  hour's study know that socialism  would be a bad condition.���Cleveland  Citizen.  FROM.  NEW ZEALAND.  The following official testimony is  given by the colony's premier, In the  New Zealand official year book: "Nearly all the public works of New Zealand are_ In^theihands of Oiejgover.n-  iiieht of."tlie colony,' and in the' early  days they simply kept pace with the  spread of settlement.-.-. In-'1870, however, a great Impetus was given, to  the progress of .the whole country by  the Inauguration of the ./Public Woiks  and Immigration .Policy,' which provided for carrying out works in advance of settlement. Railroads, roads,'1  and water-races were constructed, f;nd  Immigration was: conducted on a large  scale. As a consequence the population Increased from 267.000 in !S71. to  501,000 In.lSSl, and 74:1,463 at the close  nf the years 1S9S, 'exclusive .nf Maoris.*'  UNION MEN ATTENTION.-.  All union men in the city are hereby  notified that Donaldson :& Matthews,  the ���Cordova street; clothiers, hatters  and men's outfitters, have, just opened  out another large shipment of Union  label, pants engineers, painters, bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons, smocks, etc. Donaldson  & Matthews, men's outfitters, 74 Cordova street.  Japan has restricted Immigration to  Canada and the United States. Five  persons a month may leave each of the  40 prefectures for .the United States.  and 10 for Canada. The Dominion,  which .will In -this case, too usually  mean our Province, Is thus enabled, to  receive twice as many Japanese as the  United States, and If full advantage  be taken of the decree. 5,520 Japs may  reach 'this Coast yearly, a number at  least thrloe as many as are good for  Pacific Canada. The relief thus afforded by Japan is consequently altogether Inadequate from a British  Columbia point of view. An immigration of 500 or 600_Japiweje=j^.i^juim]nv  -Is=quite**a's=large-a"rrinflux under present circumstances as British Columbia  can conveniently receive.  The new Victoria Factories Act has  come Into operation In that Australian  Colony. It was bitterly opposed by the  Melbourne Chamber'of Manufacturers,  and is'enacted .: experimentally..'��� for a  three-years' term. The Manufacturers probably objected mainly to two  points. Ono of these enables either  House of the Victoria Parliament to  pass a resolution authorizing the Government to appoint a Special Board to  fix wage rates for any trade carried on  In a factory or workshop. If afterwards any employee be not paid the  full wage thus fixed, lie can,: notwithstanding any counter agreement, sue  his -mister for the balance. A second  dra9tio change In the law forbids the  charge of any premium to a female  apprentice In any clothing trade, and  provides that any female employed In  a factory or workroom must receive-  however young or early her apprenticeship���at least two shillings and sixpence, the equivalent of (10 cents, a  week.  Warm woather is upon us. Now  Is the time to look out for a first-class  baker, who makes good anil -wholesome bread. The Superior Bakery  fills the bill completely. ��� Free delivery  in any part of the city. Tel. 109. Deck-  ert & Teltze. proprietors, corner Duf-  erln and Fifth avenue.  INDUSTRIAL MS.  Siocan Is agitating for incorporation.  One-third of all the beer consumed ln  the world Is brewed In Germany.  Thursday, August 16th,'has been proT  Claimed a civic holidy at Winnipeg.-.*'.  The New '"fork Sun siiys that the  Socialists will poll 250,000 votes tills  year. . -.. Yi>.,  "A. millers' trust, to Include all the  [lour mills in Oregon and Washington,  Is in course of promotion.  The tin plate trust has closed down  some of its plants indefinitely. Several  hundred men are out of jobs.  The journeymen barbers anil the  grocery clerks of San Francisco, Cal.,  have organized unions respectively and  elected officers. Y  The Montana Ore Purchasing Company has granted the miners in its employ their request for an 'eight-hour  workingday.  The Federal elections will not take  place before another session of Parliament is held. This announcement  comes from'Ottawa  The Building Trades Council of Kansas City, Mo., have unanimously voted  to dissolved This was'due' to the fierce  war waged on them by-contractors.  A number of big labor demonstrations have been held In Englfih.l recently to''1 boom organization, to denounce war and to advocate socialism.  Joseph Husak, Chicago merchant  tailor, has been fined $100 and coats for  putting a union label on a suit of  clothes with intent to deceive the purchaser.  ��� The first step has been taken to secure the affiliation . of the K. of L.  brewing workei-s In : New York with  the national union, the former taking  out a charter. :  , The- Atlantic, Gulf & Pacific .Com-'  pany, contractors' on the. government,  dock at Mare''..Island, Cal., have been  convicted of violating the eight-hour  law. and fined $150. : . ,, ;?p     Y  ..Non-union cigarmakers In New York  City who struck out of sympathy, with  the organized cigarmakers are fast be-:  ing organized and enrolled lnto: tlie  clgarmakeiw'. "unions. .Y ���,..-'.-.  ' Owing to the strike of. tlie electrical  workers,in Baltimore, Md.,,that city  was entirely without light for eight  consecutive nights... Tlie . strikers are  confident of winning ....  The street car companies in St. Louis, Mo., have sent to Philadelphia for  men to operate the cars In the place  of the strikers in that.city and a number are now on the way.  The question of holding a Joint state  convention of Socialists in Massachusetts has been submitted to a referendum vote by the S. D. P. It is believed the proposition will carry. '  The Worklnginen's Political Alliance  Is the name of a new- organization  which has been formed In Syracuse,  N. Y. A complete ticket of trade-  unionists, will, be put upthls fall.  . The secretary of the state or Texas  has cancelled the permits of SDO.cer-  poratlons to do business in that 'state  because they failed to pay tlie franchise tax Imposed by Texas.  -"=Nea"riy-'7;o6"0~laborers,.. members ot  the Foundry Laborers' Union, are out  on strike in Buffalo, N. Y., for an  eight-hour day and for 25 cents a day  Increase of wages, viz., to $1.75 a day.  The city solicitor of Winnipeg has  been instructed by resolution of the  council of that city to procure legislation incorporating clauses men Honed  In the uct for acquiring the electric  lis-iit.    .  The total number of paid employees  of the municipal .departments in New  York city Is 38.006. The department of  street cleaning employs about 3,000 and  the department of public, charities  nearly 1,000.  The Rossland Trades nnd Lniiir  Council has appointed a special committee to make arrangements for calling a convention to organize a pr>  vlnclal  federation  of labor.  The Chinese and Japs are leaving  tills neighborhood in droves lately.  Having been put out of the mines at  Extension they ore-doubtless making  for the Fraser river canneries.���Nanalmo Herald.  Of the 3,373 corporations chartered  in New Jersey tinder the existing trust  act, they have paid fees into the state  treasury of $1,555,176. This Is the price  for which the state of New Jersey sold  its honor to the money power.  The plumbers In Philadelphia ; have  decided to return to work without  achieving .the eight-hour day, for  which they went out on a strike tn  May 1. About one-third of them, however, received the increase of wises  demanded. ������-'-��� i , '  ; ! In a big textile mill In Coorla, India,  the eight-hour day has been introduced. Operatives receive the same pay  that they did for 12 hours, but they  also run two 'machines instead qt one  and reduced cost of production one-  quarter.  The sugar planters of Hawaii are  now proposing to Import laborers from  iPorto Rico, as they expect,the Japanese immigration to be restricted by  Congress. Mr. Alexander, of Oakland,  Cal., has gone to Porto Rleo to secure  laborers for the planters.-       "    ;  Y MacClean, Socialist, footed the., poll  in Vancouver -with 6S4 votes; but he  had iiiore votes than any successful  candidate outside of Vancouver, Victoria, Rossland, Nelson and Nanaino  City. Twenty-seven men out of thiriy-  elght were elected with fewer votes  than wns given to MacClean. the Socialist.���Citizen and Country.  ;'  :Tiie Rossland Typographical Union  has secured an agreenint for an  eight-hour, law with every office in the  city, with no reduction of the scale, to  run one year. Radical changes in th3  scale had been made a fortnight before, piece work being abolished and  liso of plates prohibited.: Prices are  $21 per week In day offices; book, job,  and news; and $27 In night offices. The  hours were reduced from nine to eight  without: a fight. .,.  CITY HOSPITAL'S FU1ME.  '.': Judge Murphy, In Buffalo, lias decided that David Sliankland,,president  of Typographical Union No. 9, and 00  other, members of the same organization were not guilty of conspiracy in  preventing Edward Wunch, a linotype  machinist, from following his trade.  He discharged ���-���'all the defendit'its.  Wunch had secured, a Judgment  against tlie union in a civil suit. He  then brought suits .against the numbers of. the union Individaully.   .  'YTtie longshoremen, employed on the  Pacific Coast Steamship .-'.'��� gompany's  dock in San Francisco, Cal., demanded  40 cents. per hour for regular work,  and 50 cents for overtime. last Saturday; vice 30"and 40 cents as.heretofore,  and got It without difficulty.  .. In 1SSS a tax of $50 was imposed on  Chinese coming to Canada. In 1000 Sir  Wilfrid, Laurier agrees to double, the  tax. British Columbia, which is now  overrun with yellow men, will demand  that the tax be doubled again and  again. A minimum wage is a preferable solution to the vexed question.���  Citizen a:nd Country.  The Republican bosses of Philadelphia. Invited the trade unions to participate in a paradc-u dring the g. o. p.  convention, but up to date every-.organization' has declined the offer. Some  of: the unions went out of their way  to roast the local committee for engaging a meeting hall which had been  finished by scab labor."  M. Milk-rand, the Socialist minister  of the Interior of France, has established: a chair, of labor In the National Art aiid Trade School in Paris, and  the! well-known agitator aiid lecturer,  George Renard, has been appointed  to the professorship. Millerand also  established experimental stations for  pliyslcal, chemical and mechanical investigation.  Tho Winnipeg early-closing by-law  has been discussed favorably by the  clty^council.^andi^.wlll^becomei^lawr  The by-law enforces the closing of all  stores save . those of tobacconists,  druggists aiid refreshment caterers at  6 p. m. each night, save Saturday  nights, and nights before public holidays and at certain other periods specified.  Probably the Victoria Parliament will  only, call for the appointment of a Special Board for factory wage adjustment, In case of some grave emergency of general sweating in a trade,  ���but the experimental legislation is  exceptionally- bold -and original, and  thui'u is of course danger that the power may be sought and granted hastily  and Inadvisedly in nn hour 'ot heated  labor dispute, and thus Interfere seriously with some Industry. Much, of  course, would even then depend upon  the personal constitution of the Special  Wage Board.  : The.French-Canadians In the United  Stales are rapidly loslnt; their national  and religious .tendencies. -So at least  reports Mr. L. E. Beauchesne, the patriotic French-Canadian elitor of "Lo  Journal," of Montreal, on his return  from a convention of New Fngland settlers nf French-Canadian race, held the  other day in New York. *It is said  that 23,000 French-Canadians in the  United States have abandoned their  nationality and their faith' of Roman  Catholicism. Many also "English"  their names, and seek to become more  Yankee than the Yankees.  "Editor Independent: In many respects Vancouver Is tlie foremost city of British Columbia  and even when compared with older  cities of Eastern Canada, the comparison Is'not unfavorable to it. There is  one feature, however, of this City  which neither commends itself nor excites the admiration of visitors and  others coming here, and that is the  Civic Hospital. During the past year  Vancouver has been visited by a number of distinguished medical men, as  for Instance, Dr. Boddick, M. P., of  Montreal, and Dr. A. H. Ferguson, of  Chicago. They one and all have expressed surprise , after inspecting the  hospital, that a city of the' Importance  and size of. Vancouver, whose citizens  are noted for their progressive1' spirit  generally, can -.remain- satisfied with  present hospital conditions or remain  oblivious of the immediate and pressing necessity of better accommodation  In this line. This letter Is written with  the sole object of arousing public interest, in the. matter, and as a result  having steps taken to erect, at no distant date, a first-class modern hospital  that will be a credit to the City. The  medical men, more particularly those  composing the staff of the City Hospital are specially solicited, as it will  be by their strong support and hearty  co-operation that this object will be  attained. The degree of perfection of  the hospitals of any place is an index  of the pi'Ogressiveness of the medical  men of that place, therefore let it not  be said of Vancouver physicians, that  they are indifferent, asleep and behind  the. times. .:  Asfar/as I am aware, the Vancouver City Hospital is the only one. in  Canada under the direct management  of the City Council, Considering the  amount of money It has spent in the  endeavor to give the City a, first-class  hospital,, the results are.not gratifying.  Anyone conversant with the essentials  and requirements of modern hospital  construction, who will Inspect the present buildings, will be clearly convinced that those responsible,; for them  showed an utter disregard for future  needs and an: almost .absolute. Ignorance, of hospital architecture. ",':.  It costs this City annually more than  double, in proportion to the number of  patients treated, what it costs other  estern cities to -keep their hospitals. I  do not mean by this that the operating  expensesor cost perpatlent per diem  is any greater here than in other cities,  for it is .not; but:that under civic management certain sources of income  which other hospitals have, are denied  this one..:'-The'inference to be", drawn  from' the. foregoing facts is that the  hospital has suffered under the present  system of control aim therefore should  be ! re-organized and placed on the  same footing as other general hospitals.  :-. The system of government which  prevails in all the leading hospitals of  Canada is the kind -needed here. It  is practically, the same in all.the provinces and under it the most successful work is done. These hospitals,are  incorporated institutions. They are  managed by a Board of Directors or  Governors "who ; are elected annually  by the members (any one who subscribes a certain sum annually) of the  hospital association.  In a City like Vancouver there should  be plenty of public-spirited men,- men  of 'high standing and influence, who  would deem it an honor to take part In  the management of the hospital and  who would endeavor to bring it to the  highest, efficiency possible.  What is needed here at once is a  modern up-to-date institution capable  of meeting every call made upon it.  This means that the present building  would have to be discarded, except in  so far ns it might be suitable as an  auxiliary hospital. The new. building  should "be centrally located. There is"  not a better site than the' Cambie  Street grounds and it would be a shame  to use them for anything else. The  Council should get an option on this  property at once. There should be ac-  j50unnod^atl(m=for^ataleast^l25-patieiTtsi  In the new..hospital, and it should  have at least twenty private wards and  a number of semi-private wards, the  latter for patients who can afford to  pay more than the public ward rate,  but not n�� much as the private ward  rate. There should be separate wards  for consumptive, typhoid and'other infectious cases that are/ usually not  isolated. Patients who have clean or  aseptic wounds should not be under  tht same nurses or In the same ward,  as patients with infectious or suppurating wounds. There should be a separate and detached building for maternity cases.  .-  To administer the hospital economl-  ally, there should be a first-class steam  laundy on the premises, also an electric light plant and one set of boilers  for heating the whole building. The  cost of the electric light alone nt the  hospital last year was $1,135.07. The  present Institution is so constructed,  as to make It impossible to administer  it economically or salisfectorlly. During the Winter months there are all  the way from ten to fourteen' istoves  used for heating purposes, the laundry  work is nil done by contract outside  the premises, necessitating tlie keeping on hand of a much larger stock  of linen than if done on the premises.  The kitchen Is so situated, that the  food for patients has to be conveyed  through long open corridors by circuitous routes to the various wards,  thereby giving the resident staff much  more work to do, than If ft was connected with the wards by Ounib wait  ers as a modern -hospital shoul.l have  "��� '- ,-    '   . ���':. i  . The nurses' sleeping rooms are In;  the same .building, as that',,in' which  most of the consumption and septicaemia gases are treated. This Is man-  ifestly unfair to the 'nurses, who  should have the best and most healthy  apartments that money can provide.  A  perusal  of  the  House  Surgeon's  report ifor last year  will:��� clearly demonstrate that a great many. Improvements  are urgently heeded,    but    it'  seems a waste of money to try-, and,  make  a hospital  out of .the present  patchwork of buildings.    The benefits  that Vancouver would derive from the ,  erection of a modern institution in its :,  midst  are  many.    It: would   help to  make this City more'favorably, known...  throughout the Province, just as the."  Royal Jubilee Hospital of Victoria has  helped   to  make   the  latter, city, the  centre for medical and surgical work  in British Columbia.  It would attract "  people requiring hospital treatment to  Vancouver.  It would be of the greatest  benefit -to the people of this City, as'.  they could  then avail   themselves,' if,  sick or injured, of the latest and most  valuable appliances and treatment tha t  a modern hospital affords.   It would  materially benefit the medical men oC  tlie City as people coming from a distance for medical treatment are considerably influenced, as to where they  shall go,, by the nature of the. hospital  accommodation.'  Victoria, on accouni  of its excellent hospitals, does a much:  larger Provincial work than Vancou-  ,  yer.    Nearly everyone who. has lived' ,  a  year of  two in  the  Province has  heard of the Jubilee Hospitalin Victoria,  but very . few.  outside of rest'- .  dents of Vancouver, know of the existence of. the: City. Hospital. ,:  'Surely this Is a deplorable state-of  affairs. and   one   that   the   people  of  Vancouver, particularly those interest-   .  ed.In  hospital  work,  should remedy  promptly. .  , -. : Y "-.-Y-'l ���  The first  thing necessary  to  bring   .  about this improvement is the  trans-.,.;  ferenceof the management of the hospital from the Council to a.represerita-.,-_.-;  tlve body of citizens,'who would;constitute  its   first  Board'., of*  D'rectors. ,  They would obtain a charter and incorporate under the name of tlie Van-,  couyer- General Hospital.    This would - :  be of mutual  benefit to. the Council  and to. the hospital. -.It', would-.relieve  tlie former of-, the'task- of managing.:  and financing a branch of public work,  which ordinarily does hot 'come within  the'*scope.of a City:Cpuhcll'and in.the",:  case .-of the latter being an incorporated'  Jnstitutjonj^mid^  progressive business" me'nT" would giveY'  it rights and privileges andean increas-.  ed, earning capacity that, it ,does;.not  now possess.   By way of comparison: .  the,following statistics are interesting..  According to the annual report of theY.  City'Hospital for. 1800,  there were: 631 :'  patients treated during, the year..  The  receipts    from    these . were -. between '"  three and four thousand dollars, and ;-  these,. together, with , the    Provincial  Government grant of SCS12.50, give 'a.1,  total .income  of  a  little, over.'$10,000.  Tho cost of. maintaining; the, institu-.  tion  was.$19,005.42, leaving a' balanceY  of about'$9,000  for  the  City  to, pay.,,;  Now compare this with other hospitals -.-  in the West for last. year:.    Y:  YY',.''.   ' .' Amt. con-.  .Name        . ".   No.'of .    tributed .,  of . .   !'   patients : by City-  Hospital treated : CouncU  Provincial Royal Jubi-   .<"���',  lee, A'ictoria  ........ 6SS      .   $ 2,500  Winnipeg  General,        ',;.  Winnipeg....... Y...2,0SS,        10,000  Brandon General, Brandon   -.;........:.���.....'.. 560  ��� Y     500  Calgary . General,   Calr    :     ..'-".- ':,y. Y  "''���"ga'ry..'..-.':"..'..".Y,.'':'.,',..297" '\ ,500.  These hospitals do not receive' any  more government grant, and in some -.  instances not so much as the Vancouver institution, yet as will be seen from ��� ���'.  the above statement.'it/costs the City   .  of.   Vancouver   nearly four'"' times as  much in proportion to the number of  patients  treated,, as it does the'other;..-  cities mentioned.    Why is this?   Not  because, as before-mentioned,: the cost,  per patient per. diem Is any greater,'  but   by  reason   of   thj-^tct'^tluiLJts^I  ^earning^capacltyf^as-to-mpared  with.,  other hospitals, is very limited and also-  being a civic institution purely, very  little  interest  is  taken in  it  by  the  general public, and as a consequence,  certain sources of income possessed by-  other hospitals,  are denied  the Vancouver institution. The greatest source .  of. income of a hospital  is  from  its:  private  wards.    The local. Institution  hr.'s  practically  nothing  In   that  line,  and these besides being urgently,needed, would be a source of considerable-  income  in  the case of  the new. hospital.    The total receipts from 6SS patients  In   the Jubilee    Hospital    last  year were $12,399.00 and of thatsum.  SS.00Ocaine from1 private ward patients.  The  other  source  of  Income, mentioned Is cash donations from annual  subscribers  and  friends.  Last .'year*'-  the Vancouver Hospital- received    in'->���  this way, about $40.00,'that of Calgary  $2,400, the Brandon one $1,500, the Winnipeg one a little over $6,000.   This indi-Y  caies   the  very  lively  Interest   taken  by  the people of Vancouver In-their,  hospital, as compared with that in other- places.       ..'-.:  ,-  I; would like to hear the opinions of  otlieis interested In the improvement  of hospital affairs, as I believe the  time now ripe for a distinct advance  lo be made in that direction.  Yours, etc.,  ALEX*. S. MUNRO. M. D.  Vancouver, June 26th. 1900.  When yon want to hire a fir3t-class;  horse and hussy, go to' the Palace  livery stables-.   Telephone 125. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY.. ..  ..JUNE 30, 1909  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GKO.  BARTLEY.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF  ORGANISED  LABOR  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT   312-> HOMER   S-TTtHET.   VANCOUVER.   U.   C.  SUBSCRIPTIONS   IN   AQVAXCK.  A week. r> cents; month. 15 cents; throe  months, 35 cents; six months, t*"> cents;  one year, $1.23.  ENDORSED   BY   THE   TRADES   AND  LABOR  COUNCIL.  SATURDAY..  .Jl'NE 30, 1900  A 1.1UREAU OFLAHOK STATISTICS.,  As we have already stated, it is" the  intention of the Provincial flovMrnment  when reconstructed.(iicur.,the close, or  at the close of- the forthcoming sessions of'the Legislature, to provide for  u. Commissioner i.f Lnbor, with tl portfolio, the name of Mr. Ralph Smith,.  31. P. P., being conspicuously���-mentioned in that 'regard. It in unnecessary for us fo say that the appointment.'would . ini'ei.-with the favor of  the great mass "f the workingmen of  this Province. nmif would evidence' a  real desire to meet their long expressed wishes. Hun. i.'ol. Baker's bill to  provide for th" I'slnlilishment of :i Ihi-  reau of .Statistics as well as for the  appointment of n Board of Conciliation  -and Arbitrutliin fur the settlement of  labor (lisi.nu(.s wan a step in the right  direction, and 'w'iis the occasion for his  -making a wry admirable speech in  February. I.-.!'::. in0 the '.legislature in  that regard, lion. MiYCotton also introduced a similar Itill at the last ses-  Kion of tin- House, but through the obstruction which the Government'met it  was not possible lo advance the bill  "beyond its first reading. 'However,  the legislation thus introduced  may be saldo to have been  somewhat barren of results, but  it-iLs hoped that under, the new regime better things may "be achieved.  The objects of a labor'bureaii, it may  be stated, are purely scientific: its purpose is to make a sociological investigation with a view not. merely to an  exposition of the present .state of society, but to aid society in its upward  progress. The work of a. labor bureau  5s essentially sociological; therefore it  differs from: all:other departments of  government. Us purpose is not the  mere acquisition of "knowledge, for sociology has for. its object tlie good of  the people. It is the business ,,of a  labor bureau to study society and explain the laws that underlie and govern so:'iaI movements. It assumes  that these are subjects,to general laws,  and therefore, when understood, a solution of all questions affecting* the  general welfare is pot-rsible by scientific processes. :To study society,, the  relations of the Individual members  that compose it to each other, and  give in detail whatever deduction the  |facts justify. Considerations of this  character indicate tlie true purpose of  ' a'labor, bureau. These had their origin in the aggressive labor'movement  just subsequent to the Civil War in  .the United States.     The   demand   for.  V their institutions was in the first place  formulated by William H. 'Sylvis, s.t  the' session of the National Liberal  Congress, held in Chicago in 1S6S, at  which time a formal declaration of  principles or platform was adopted. He  said that "we may -formulate, declarations of other bodies of men; nothing  more-'than-ouT opinions^ Facts--are"  what we want: we want to base our  demands on well-defined data, and until these ���are obtainable no undlsput-  able demands can be made. That ����-  Ibor is the most iniportant of all material interests, that upon it all other  interests hinged, and lhat, if there is  any virtue in giving to any Interest a  separate and distinct department of  government to protect and nourish It���  and there certainly Is���lnbor Is the interest-of all others entitled to that consideration." The demand for the establishment of n bureau was at once,  without a dissenting voice, made a  part of the platform. That was the beginning, since which time many States  besides the National government, and  a number of the principal governments  of Europe, have instituted bureaus of  labor statistics. And while I hey have  not received all the financial assistance  from legislators which their importance justifies, they have tery materially influenced the. discussion, of social problems, proving the wisdom of  BIr Thomas Brassey's saying, in 1SS5,  that "good statistics of labor were the  ibasis of all labor reform.".  ���   In the differentagen of. the world Innumerable attempts have been made to  improve the physical and mental position of man and to elevate his moral  condition, and those who study the  subject will find that Athens, Rome  and Carthage each contained its army  of paupers, causing as much concern  to the rulers, and giving rise .to questions equality perplexing in the domain of political science, as the modern cities cf Paris, Berlin. London,  New York and others are now experiencing. Burdensome taxation, usury,  bankruptcy, revenue frauds, public  stealings, crime, Insiilllcleiit wages,  drunkenness, pauperism .and prostitution afflicted old roiiiurics as well as  new; and to eliminate'these causes nf  excitement, and insurrection, the  ancients were as anxious.and "made as  many efforts as ourselves. The Athenians feared to make a census of  their slaves because if they did the  latter would know their strength and  thereby be given encouragement to revolt. The economists of Rome  trembled for the security of the State  when the.slaves under Saptruous rose  in their might. The distinction between the present condition of things  and of the past lies in the fact that  the present order is based upon the  employment of credit and the freedom  cf labor,1" to neither of which the  ancients made any pretensions. The  introduction ot these two fadtors Indicates the change from mere instinct  to that of reflection. The state controlled by instinct.is the past of every  civilization. 'A comparison of il.e  number of physical forces brought under control, and the sum total o'f the  utilities obtained by their employment',  is the best standard by whieh Ho determine the relative degree- of civilization to which l-'a people has atrtained.  A marked tendency in modern society,  both in thought and in action, is io  care loss for generalization, as con-,  veyod to the. term National,- und.-to'  give more attention to spsJiilizntion,  as understood by the term Individual.  As national conveys the idea of aggregates, so individual, cjonvoys the  idea of .unit. And the broader, more  'liuinane conception of the real wealth  of a nation���lis Charles. .1-1. Slmim.'*-  man. Chief of the Bureau of Statistics1  erf-Labor and Industries .of the State  of New Jersey, to whose.devoted:1a-.  'bors we are; indebted :for many ot  these thoughts���is coming lo depend  more upon the limit of wealth possessed by a individual, than upon the  amount. forming the aggregate. or total wealth of the country Y The. aim  of the-economist in ihe future will be  directed to a study of the needs c't  each individual who composes the nation, and the best means of satisfying  his wants..; Heretofore they have been  content to study wide aggregates,  large sums, great, results; now attention is directed to the individual, the  units, of which .'the1' totals are coni-  posed. Charles Booth, the English statistician, has indicated the. present  trend'-of'the'economist. He: gave as  the -result of his door-to-door visitations in the East End and southeast  of London, that.'of the five millions of  inhabitants of that modern "Babylon,  one million and a. half, more 'than a  quarter of the total/population, did  not earn more than IS English shillings per weeek for the family, and  that during two,; three, and four  months olf the year short time and  want of employment reduced this'  amount  very   materially���and   this   in  the  richest  city  in  the world!   Other  -- ; -,' *-*i  evidences might, if necessary, be cited  in the same direction. The rule has  been to recognize only the '.wealth of  nations; at present we are beginning  to recognize the poverty existing as a  problem to be considered; The demand  is: for more specific information concerning the" lives of the masses, of. the  people. The estimated general wealth  of. a country is no criterion to judge  the conditions under which a major-.  Ity^oit^the^lVlMn^  which do not determine the amount  shared by each Individual are of little  import in the study, of social conditions. It Is an axiom that extreme  poverty i�� greatest where the greatest  amount of wealth has centred. Little  attempt .has been made to officially  ascertain the relative cost of production by reason of the differing rates  of wages. The same observation applies with eqaul force to the recurrence o'f panics, the unemployed, the  centralization of "wealth, the growth  and power of monopolies���nil these are-  matters of vital Interest to the whole  people, yet the causes that ' produce  them have not been made a matter of  concerted investigation. Much more  might be said In-proof of the need of  a better understanding of the laws  that underlie our social organization.  The '.problem that has perplexed  statesmen for the past generation is  not that of production, but of con-  sumption, or, how to find a market  that 'will consume sufficient to keep  our productive forces active. It is the  acknowledged right of every man to  have an.; opportunity to earn a living,  yet there are millions of men In enforced idleness who are  willing and  anxious to have work to do, but for  some undefined cause are deprived of  "(their right to work. Considerations  of this kind, and many others, must  make it manifest to all unprejudiced,  right thinking persons, that the labor  bureau, carried out to Its true purpose  and dominated by unselfish men. who  love their fellows, must do an enormous amount of good, and we heartily  commend the Intention of the Government to introduce such legislation  at an early day aft will put the machinery in motion and In deed, not In  word, show Unit l-nlior has Its God-  given rights as well as Capital, and.  this accomplished, the �� workingman  can well afford to give praise where  .it is due,: and to congratulate 'he  'Province upon possessing legislators  who respect the wishes of "the plain  people," us" William Jennings Bryan  has termed them, and who evidence a  desire to safeguard  their interests.  In this collection we are pleased to  state that in the House, of Commons  on. Wednesday last, Postmaster-General Mulock introduced a bill for the prevention and settlement of trade *Ms-  putes and the "publication of statistical  and industrial information. Mr. Mulock explained that the bill was on thu  same' lines as the British net.. The  conciliation board will be composed of  employers and employees so that difficulties that limy arise may tie dealt  with by the parties concerned. It  was also intended to issue a labor  gazette monthly. This publication  would contain statistical information  of facts but no expression of opinion.  This would take the place of the report  of the Minister of Agriculture in Great  Britain. The Opposition strongly opposed bringing in the bill at so.late a  stage in the session. Mr. Maxwell  said that the labor party would hail  the bill with delighHthroughout Canada., and In this respect voiced the  popular sentiment till'over the.country. It is a move In the right direction and ea.'inot'"'fail,;to be effective of  much good if worked in the truest and  best interests of labor as well as capital. There is opportunity here to harmonize dividing factions and to bring  about pence'with honor. .The labor  cause is fast taking its-rlghtful'-.piacu  throughout the Dominion, as -the  strongest of its bulwarks and the hopo  of the country.  .'.-..  DOMINION DAY. ' : .^  With the coming .of the^ First -ot  July every true .'Canadian- feels ns" the  years.roll .along that -it .was a. good  thing to have been born in this splendid possession of an': Empire whose  power and might and majesty are llie  wonder of,'storied centuries. Children  of the new Dominion, we,'glory'in the  tradition and history, of that,, proud  land whichever has been in the vanguard of. human progress. We send.  aY message of love across aYbroad.  continent and wide sea to the old folks  at home, with the assurance that we  glory in their prowess and courage and'  proudly boast ourselves daughters in  our mother's house, if mistress In our  own. Upon the African veldt lie slain  the valiant defenders of a Crown who  knew no homage other 'than'Mo the  Queen, aiid no service except to light  unto the death for the maintenance of  her authority against all usurpers.  We boast of the triumphs achieved, for  have not our compatriots zealously  done tholr share? Heroes from the  Pacific strands to where the red sands  lie glistering in the sunlight and oh  the1 shores of the turbulent; Atlantic;  have fallen side byslde-with the. brave  lads from "the dear, home land," and  their common blood has dyed the African veldts. We in this Province have  given up our share to the cause of  Empire, not grudgingly, but out of a  full heart, and we trust that in he  Nation's Panthean there will be found  sellers and of those legislators who,  though/ not In the place of power,  place country before party. Whatever  the politics of the individual may be  we are learning more and more as the  years roll by. the lesson ,ot toleration,  and to serve.our country according to  the capacity and intellect with which  .Providence has endowed us. On this  occasion, as ever, the oceans join hands  nnd sing tin- sweet song of freedom,  justice and liberty under the aegis of  a Crown that ...represent whatever is  highest and truest nnd best ln human  civilization. Vancouver joins 'n the  glad procession, welcomes the stranger  within its gates, and ensures a delightful holiday to nil those who participate  with us In What cannot help being a.  joyous occasion". Our gates are open,  the lateht-stiing only needs lo be  touched, and there will follow two ever  memorable days of fun and frolic that  will redound to the credit of the Terminal City and give joyMo those privileged to share in the festivities. Tho  tastes of everybody have been catered  for, and none will be disappointed,  except it be those.;whom it Is Impossible to please arid whom glory in.the  fact of being dtepleased.0 Vancouver will put- Its best foot foremost and when Vancouver promises to  do that a brilliant success may 02 confidently assurred. , ,>  STRENGTH OF THE STRONG.  Father".of  nations:   Help  of  the  feeble  hand!   .  Strength  of  the  strong!   to  Whom  the  nations kneel!      -"���*"  'Slay and destroyer, at Whose Just com-  nr.uul!  Earth's kingdoms  trernblo an'd  her empires, reel! '  Who dost ihe low uplift, the small make  crent, ..  And   dost   abase   the   ignorantly    proud,  Of  our scant  people  mould  a     mighty  state, ':"  To the strong, stern, to Thee in meekness  .    bowed!* ���   '     ���>..'���  Father of unity,. mnl-e  this people .one;  Weld,   interfuse   them   In   llie    patriot's  flame,  Whose forging on thine anvil was begun.  In blood info shed^to purge the common  shame, .  That so our hearts, tlie, fever of faction  done, ,        -���'.'.'        -  .Banish   old   feud   in   our; young  nation's  name.'-, -".-���'  Y . :  ..-' C. G. D. ROBERTS.  THJGl  EXODUS.  inscribed in due time in letters of living light the names of Blanchard and  of the gallant fellows who have  given up their lives in defence of the  possessions of that gracious Sovereign  who Is to-day more loved "by her worshipping subjects than ever before In  her long and glorious reign.. We are  glad that the terrible war nenrs Its  end. and once more the power and  glory of the ICm'pire have been solidified. It is fitting then, outside of  the triumphs of pence, the development  of education,, the vast Industrial progress made, the higher civilization thnt  characterizes liritish institutions, the  ever Increasing movement towards  larger.'philanthropic effort and religious upbuilding, that wc on this fringe  of the continent duly celebrate the  birth, of a Dominion long out of its  swaddling clothes and just entering  upon a magnificent destiny. Proud as  we are of the old land, prouder still  are we that under Canadian skies it  was fated that life for us should have  its beginning, and he were an Ingrate  and unworthy of ihis birthright, who  did not glory in the magnificent progress which his native land is making  under the wise''.counsel' and capable  administration of Her Majesty's coun-  The town of Ladysmith- and the city  of Nanalmo are boomfng these days.  It is all due to the fact that the first  exodus of Chinese, numbering some  250, has taken place. Their place in  the. mines are being rapidly filled, by  white men, whose number will: still  be augmented.:. Shipments.of building  material are not going'there fast enough for tlie erection "of new houses  for the white workmen. "They were not  needed by the. Chinese.' The hotels tbb|  are.- reaping:,a harvest,,, being filled, to  oTer-tlowing. One fact (Very noticeable is that the lumber mills supplying; the building, material: employ  Chinese and Japanese. These institutions should (take., a; tumble for they  know very well that the employing of  wftites Is a- benefit to"the.Vwhdle^community. One thing workingmen should  bear in mind isothat .before long all  coal in British Columbia, will be mined  by white labor, whereas on the other  hand ,the cordwood is cut almost exclusively by; Oriental, cheap  UVbor.  Mr. G. Wrlgley, editor Citizen and  Country, Toronto, congratulates us on  the good showing '.made at the late  election and also upon our preparing  for future action. "Labor showed and  Is showing',its power," he concludes.,  Sick People,  Particularly tho laboring man, want the  ��� VERY. BKST medicine it is possible to  procure. Why? lleenusu it menus dollars to be kepf from work, through  cheap second-class chugs. We use-only  the iikst, nnd employ only skilled labor  ' in dispense your doctor's I'ltESORIi'-"  TIONS. No scab lnbor for us. We do  everything on tlie union principle.  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COIt. SKYMOUH AND  HASTINGS STREETS  A gent's good Linen   ��������*  Handkerchief:  We Have Them  At Less Price for the   *���*  ,same grade elsewhere  from 10, 15,20,  25 to 35c. Each  We also carry a Large �����**  Assortment of Gents'  UMBRELLAS  Prom $B, $1 25,  $B ��5 to $5  170 Cordova, Cor. Cambie.  A. M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND KETAIL DEALER IS  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  Clothing  NAPS  The  irrcslstable  temptation  of our  GIIBA.T'SUMMER SAORIPICB SALB  ooropels everyone Interested In the sjiv- ���  ingot dollars to buy from us.... Here is  one of the many features:  475  Mien's  SLITS   <,  lUCC-ULAH. SIS QUALITIES, FOR  "Wo also have a line of $S suits cut  to IjU.US.  A line of $7 suits cut to .'j-.'*.!'.".  ���And $6 suits cut to JjiK.-l.*;.  All our Boys', Youths' and Chlldrens*  Suits and our large stock of .Men's'  Furnishings, Hats, Caps, Etc., at'proportionately low prices.  CO., LTD.  IIO Cordova St.  Cigar and Tobacco  4G CORDOVA STREET.  Y��� We mako a specialty of Union-made Cigars arid;  Tobaccos, consequently *\ve always give good satis-:  faction.   Your patronage solicit6d.;^.'\^'^'/'-';/Y':,'Y.YY'"':'  :^.:.: . . MAKES. A SI'RCIAI.TV OF... V ;  y'y.:p" -^-:-:v!bBWDT8";aieSni' Limr/!ois6V  o; -"-'.v^r axherg. Bjcck Mibei - uiiuw-svniisiar  Y'YtAHGE STOCK OF_YYY;YY:  .     IMPORTED AND DOMESTIC :.'; "  or-YY^-.'-vCi^ar*;^: ni:rf:*  QuANN.Bicos.,'  - Y-  . Props.  Cornku Cordova and Caiiham..  SS. DEFIANCE  J.A. GATES,  Master.  Leaves Kviins, Colemiui & KvniisV wlmrl, Vmi-  eouver, every day at 8:15 a. in., for I'ritanniii  mine,Howe Sound, return!ne uniiie day. livery MONDAY, WEHNESIIAV, and SATUitDAY,  Britnniila Mine, Sliannon's Ilriek Yard, mouth  of Squamislrriver, in river, when-tide suits,'  and wavports. ���  KVKRY TUESDAY AXI) Kill DAY ��� llritan-  niu Mine by way of Gilisen's I.iiiKllnt;, culling  nt nil lnuBliiBCiiinps.  EVERY THURSDAY ��� llritaniiin. Mine uml  wavpoits. ..-..-  - Tlie'must benutiful scenery in liritish Columbia on this route: fine Mshinir and shootini;  at Squamlsh river. For rales apply nt.Evans,  Coleman & Evans* wharf, or on board titcamslilp  Defiance. .  THE"  El^ricJJgKt  And see iinr excellent line of PAPETKIttES  and OI*l'*l(;iS KUl'IM.lKS, all of which lire at  moderate prices.    ..  We carry a full line of tho ���     "  Latest Books  And Periodicals      ^  OUK i'lUXTlN'S FACILITIES AKK'  UXEXCKLI.KD.       ,  Cull anil see our leii(l|ii(;.lllirar.v.  PAYNE STATIONERY CO  Printers, llooksollers uml Sfntioners,  M0 HastliiKs Street East     -     -      Vancouver  Arlington Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Ilemlipiitrloni for tho onginccring trade  in Vancouver.  CHOICEST^���^>*- \  Liquors and Cigars  ... First-class rooms from SO cents up.  R0BT.HUNTLV,   -   -   PROP.  Is now within this reneh of everybody.  Prices liavc.liitely Uuen ro<lin*tMl, hikI ttic  }i. C. Electriy JUilway Oumimny Imvo  tlioir lines all over Ihuttity. Do not do*  luy, but install and iiscthk Only Li hut,  ivliicli in absolutely '*���'������'*  Safe, Clean and  Clubb&Mewart  ' Is the place to'pnrcliiisc your line fitru-"  : isbingsanil clothing.   The latest   ���������'-  ���";;.; styles-in, .'������   ��� ��� :;���--���:������.���':������  ���A. (I  Arcnow-on exhibition at burstore.   ���.  160 Cordova St.  ^E are Direct Tmpoktkrs'.'-  ���-'.(I  New  Hats and ties  Pa^je Porisford Bros.  ' ;: 605 Hasting;s St;' :'M'~.  Up-to-date.  . If carefully looked after II is cheaper  than eonl oil.ami, oh! what a difference  in the evening.   Apply for rates at the  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  Vancouver's Most       ^  Fashionable Tailor   yT^:  442'~^,*<:> ^.Westminster Ave.  HardSe & Thompson  Marine aiid Gciicral__-__-=i    ;  Consulting Mcehanieal Engineers  fiM Cordova St. W., Vanccuveii, B. C. Tki.. 767  ^=-l'iiteiitoes:ftri(l=(leHlgners-of the-Ilar(lie-=#=i  Thomiison water tube boiler, new UiKb  s|iee<l   reversini; engines,  and cnuiifl-"  machinery in light sections for miMs.  l'KOl'ELLKllS.DcmOKEII.    EXOI.VKS iNDICATEH AKD   ,  AIUUSTKD.       ���-.- ���    ������" ;    \  ' Solo agents in II. C. and X. W. Territories for  the United Floxiklo .Metallic Tubing Co., Uil..  London, Eng. .   : .' ���  ,(   " Upwrcl find Onwtird "  liXXEI.WIOR*   * �����/  Steam Laundry  I). llOliKRTSON, Proprietor.  Under the new iiiniiiigeincnt every euro Iit  taken with goods cut rusted to them.. IKU Tender street.   'I'hono d70..  C IT Y WOOD YARD  '-.:-"��� TOli AI,i, KINDS OK  Stovcwood :s   ;'9  HARRIS STKEET WIIAKP.   TEL. CM, lg  R. RILEY, '.�� -..,,�� ':.'Y- ''-'   Prop.  CALL"  At the workinginan's watelimakor and Jeweller  before purchasing anywhere else. Ho Is known  through B. C. for good and cheap watches- nnd  jewelry.   Watch repairing a spocialty. ���  130 Cordova Street, opposite Savoy   ���  .;   Tlieatro, Vancouver.   .... '   J. SATURDAY., ����� �� .'. ..JUNE 30, 1900  I  ft  ft  ��� ft  ft  8  ft  8  ft  ft  ft  ft  O  o  a  o  8  ft  ft  ft  a  o  o  n  n  ft  ft  n  n  n  Qoaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa&saaaaaa oasaaaaooaasaooaao't^aaaaoa  ��   ��F�� THE...  ��   COME-ACiASN CUSTOMER  I   WE WANT,  ^HEJNDEPENDENT  I ��� <>���  The customer who has been promptly,  politely and intelligently served, and on  top of that realizes that he has paid the  lowest bottom prices, goes away pleased.  The   pleased   customer   comes   hack  again.  These   stores   are   run   with   a   full  knowledge of these truths.  Join us.  HUDSON'S BAY STORES  Granville Street  ' uoocooceoooccococcoooooooo ccc-socooocooooeoooccoccoGc  u  u  w  u  o  a  a  o  4J  ti  O  o  u  ���**���  a  o  tt  u  u  u  o  u  w  u  u  u  o  w  a  o  u  u  u  o  c  0  in  u  e  ��  o.  employed, eight-hour day,, and union  label on Government work,' puollc  ownership, free school books, and exemption of improvements from taxation. As Mr. McBrlde* is now Minister  of Mines his course will be. watched  witli Interest.���Citizen and Count:--/.  OltlGIX OF "CANADA."  Pish and Grocery Mjarkct  Geo Wano  Do!llor in 1?ish- Fruit- Gr��-  WCUt   yyayy5 corios and Provisions,  J 04 and I Oft Water St., near Abbott,  VANCOUVER  Tel. 5Hi.  In the current number of the Ttevuc  Sflentlflquc M. Perrault gives an Ingenious explanation of the word  "Canudn."  Giovanni Gnboto, who is also known  ns Uitliot, landed In this country In  1497, lielng: the first Kuropean lo arrive here. '  After- lilm cnnie some Spanish ves-  I sels, and In 1500 Denys, a Frenchman,  j and -VuiTnz-snnl, a Venitlnn, took possesion of the country In the name iVI*  Franco. At that time, .s.'iys M. Perrault, the French often heard the natives use the Spanish words, "Aon.  nndn," which slirnlfy "N'otliiiiK here."  The natives had picked up these word��  from tlie Spaniards, -who had searched  for jrold and- silver, and who, because  they had found nothing, had speedily  departed. The French came to the  I conclusion that the words so often  used by the natives were the, original  name of the cou'ntry. Another explanation'Is that Canada means a villa;..'!'  or a town.  Until further notice, the Hastings  Saw .Mill will quote the (following-  prices on wood, payable in advance of  delivery: 10 loads, split wood, "20; 5  loads split wood, $11.23; 1 load split  wood, $2.50. A limited quantity of bark  at same price. Good 4-foot slab -wood  at $1.75 cord1 -at mill. Blocks, $2 per  load, delivered.   Tel. 39.  DOMINION DAY ClDLJOBItAiTION.  Illumination and Decoration Committee.  All societies and trades unions are  respectfully requested to turn out ln  full strength in the illuminated procession on Monday evening, July 2nd.  Torches will be supplied and all are  especially urged to Join In making this  event one. of the best features of Vancouver's gala ��� days. Procession will  form at 8 o'clock in front of the city  l.nll  hall.  I  -First  Prizes for best decorated store  $25, second $15.  Prizes tor best illuminated bicycle-  First, $l.*j; second, $10; third, ���*[>.  1     H. J. FUANKLIX, Secretary.  11. P.  SHAW, Chairman.  A PIONJEHR S1IOB HOUSM.  R.Mills, the old reliable shoo dealer,  carries., the latest and best styles in.  Canadian and American footwear.  Such makes as the following speak for  themselves: Johnston & .'Murphy,  Newark, N. J.; A. M. Packard, Brockton, lines.; Pilchards &. Brciiiiin, Itan-  dolph, Mass.; J. & T. Bells, Mont real;  Ames; Holden & Co., Montreal; J. D.  King, Toronto;.John MePherson, Hamilton. Any of our render* desiring to  obtain first-class shoes should give ex-  Ald. Mills a call, IS Cordova street,  who Is one of Vancouver's pioneer  business men" and noted for his  straight dealings.  Don't be misled by alluring AD&.�� but go to  the old reliable Shoo Store for the Best and Latest styles in Canadian and American Footwear.  We. carry:  JOHNSTON & MURPHY'S. Newark, N. "J*.  A.  M.  PACKARD'S,   Brockton, AIiims.  I'lCWARDS & uriBMlA-N,  Randolph, Mass.  J. & T. BISIVL'S, Montreal.  JAMES HOliDD.V & CO.'S .Montreal.  J. D. KING'S, Toronto.  JOHN M'PHKRSON'S.  Hamilton.  AND lliANY OTHEK "JJAKBS.  Call'and Inspect our goods before purchasing elsewhere.  R. MILLS, ��^*"��  IRKS.  .ed labor  labeled; -.-.  conditions , as  to  be: union-  Vote as you strike.  .'.���.'The duty of.love Js the"key-note.of  YChrlstia'nlty.^A- AY. 'Tom-gee.'���'.- ���''.'������'.  ;  ,- If you. don't see* -what you . want in  ;politics, ask ifor it and''never give up  ���1111 yoir getil.Y       -".'.''..-".:'���  .Y; Every- man ivho continues  to'"vote  .'for cither of the "old political parties  is aYpartner in their guilt. ...:     ;'..:���''.'.'.'.'  ��� .'��� "The only real, truei' political issue; is,  '.Shall %e co-operate .for the. benefit of  . all,  or; compete  for. the; profit?'of.: the  ' J"ew? .'���,'.;".--..;-.'.- :���:������:���������'-<':���������. ���.";,'���'.-,:.'���'���-���;,���:'������. '..-" .'���  The national two-ring circus is still  ��� .-.givingr-performances.at-Ottawa.. , .The  ; love of amusement'lias a strong hold  . on our people.���Citizen and Country.'  I YJaP3" has S.703 men and .553 guns in  Chinese waters; Russiaj-lias''7.S91-men  and ASS. guns; Britain has 0,993 men  and 455 guns; . the United.-States. has  3,770,men and,312 guns; Germany hns  3,038/mon '-'.and 312 guns; YandYFrance  ���has i.filO men and 59 guns; a total .of  32,014 men and 2,034 guns. These men  are there' to watch each- otherand  heap'ui) a-bill of expenses to burden  the tolieiis .at home:'^Militarism; op-;  presses llie people everywhere.        ���<������-..  P..  C. FlSHliRIKS.  DO A LITTLE THINKING. *  ' ."We.  have    been    figuring up  the  strength   of  organized! labor   In -this  city," 'says Coming Events of Evans-  vllle, Ind., "and find it a thing of wonderful'proportions.   If organized labor  In this man's town dbn'i: get all that  Is coming lo them, they have no one  to . blame   but  themselves.    XVe  have  over 40* different unions with a mem-  bership of'well nigh onto 4,900.'   Think  of-.that, w-on't you?   Think what that  lariy. men can do���what they can accomplish if they'only,have the sense  to hang together.    Ye gods and 'politicians!    What if they should take a  notion to.select one of their.own.number congressman next fall? They "could  do it dead easy,  hands; down,  worlds  without end.   They could also do many  other things  that, they .don't  do."'.  :,. UNION ���BARBEI* SHOPS.   ''(���"  The. following is. a complete list of  union barber* shops in-Vancouver;   Is  your barber on the list?- < .  Sims' barber shop, Pender street. -   '���  Elite'barber shop. Hastings street.  Bon    Ton    barber   shop,    Hastings  street. ',������.'  Porcelain Baths, Cambie street.'  Harvie & Ellis, Cambie street. ,.-  Savoy Barber Shop, Cordiva street;  Golden Gate shop, Abbott street.  Smalley's :. Barber ,  Shop,    Cordova  street. '.' .,..-  Boulder Barber Shop,  Cordova and  Carrall streets.       ���������-������������;    ...  ,  The Whittier Barber Shop,  Carrall  street.���'-.���.-' , , ;.'... .' ;'���>'...  ���j Oyster   Bay Barber   Shop,   Carrall  street. -.'    .-'.'-.. .-:.-:r     '';.;-' ar:  .'Union Barber Shop,-Carrall street.   .  . O. K. Barber Shop,': Hastings street,  east.- '". ;   :'-'.     '  O'Ti-  The favorite Drink  ���T->9  's  C*^--  Turner, Beeton ����� Co.  B. WholeHtilc. A-tccntt*  VANCOUV15U, VICTORIA, NELSON.  -^���9  B. C.  "Come ye out from among them and  be ye separate." is the trumpet call of  ���conscience of every,; lionest'man now  in  the ranks ot the old political parties.  What's the use of turning the rrfscals  out only to let' another set of-rascals  in?   Refuse    to    vote   for  rascals   or  their associates.   Arote for Independent  "labor candidates.  In New Zealand the great' bulk of  .'the'..work on, railways, roads and public buildings Is now carried on under  the co-operatlve: system of public; construction. . , I !  The ..purpose of Socialism is not to  tear down existing institutions and demoralize" society, but to purify, improve   and   build up everything   that  ���"���will promote the    common  welfare.���  ���Chicago Record.  The church has: no right, to allow  Its enemies to outstrip It in the study  ���of; the means by Which civilization  maybe;l'ully consecrated the improvement of human conditions.���A :XV.  'Tourgee.  -.Under a co-operative sj-stem of pvo-  cluction and .dlstr.ibutton of- the needs  -of humanity,.unjust tiuxatlon.rlineivst,  dividends!:-, prollts, .   toils    and   tithes,  which  linpoverlsh- the. people, and. re-  'tard, physical . andi, mental'^advan??-'  ment, will disappear.  This will be the  .;jrrand outcome" of- ���'" ���.Socialism..���The  -People^s^PresspGhicaEOr^511���^^^-^^^  ,, A, labor paper is a far better advertising medium than an ordinary newspaper in comparison, to circulation. -A  labor paper, for example, having 5,000  uubscribei-8 Is of more value to the  T}uslne��s man Who advertises in it. than  :an ordinary paper with 10,000 subscribers.���Printer's Ink, New York.  A little more���but still far too little-  Is now to be done by the Dominion,  in aid of our-Province's fisheries, in  return for the wholly excessive profit  revenue, wlilch Canada thence derives.  Thus  last year our fisheries  sent  to  Ottawa revenue  amounting to $45,801,'  the . whole .remainder of Canada thus  contributing $39,701  only.     In  return  British  Columbia  received : from   the  Dominion, fishery work and protection  to a  value of $12,195,"'or little  more  than a fourth of the Province's contribution'and of this return allowance,  $S,459 went for salaries, the direct expenditure of the Dominion in British  Columbia for fishery development being  $3,730, spent  in  the; one- hatchery  by  the Eraser/  This year $12,000 are allotted for twonew salmon hatcheries,  and part, but only part of an Intended  vote of $50,000 lory a ���new revenue steamer may; also  be set down  to the Indirect  debit of our fisheries,  for the  .vessel, .will have to aid In preventing  const   smuggling  and   perform   many  other duties,  that are altogether unconnected with our fisheries.  ".;However.there is some advance in a  right direction, but assuredly .not much  as compared   with    the    preferential  treatment   accorded   to   the   Maritime  Provinces'  fisheries,  which in  fishery  bounty  aid alone  cost  the Dominion  $155,493  last year,  and "In till, received  from  Ottawa for  their fisheries' protection  and  development,   more   than  six  times^'what  they  contributed    in  fishery   revenue.     But  circumstances  alter cases, and as British Columbia  lias at  present  few  Dominion  members,   the  Province  "gets-"left": every  time, when it Is a case ;of appropriations from Ottawa.   These.are ever in  our ease so meagrely, doled, as to leave  each   year a   rtustly'excessive   profit  revenue exacted from Canada's "milch  cow"  revenue yieider on. the Pacific.  Our only  Interim  consolation" is   that  there-wlll-some-diiy���not~many~yeiire_  hence���be  a  change���a  great  change.  The times and circumstances.arc both  YWILL NOMINATE A TICKET.: '  The labor unions of Syracuse^N.;Y���  have decided  to  put  up  a full local  ticketY-.That's the stuff, -says Appeal  to', Keason' ���; It. would be" much: better  for; them-to'���;afilliate  with ,-the  Social  Democratic party there,.for that party  supports "them and'- all:. their, demands,.  but, if they .will not'do. that, but will  exercise their political power independent .of .the' .political ..organizations'that  have. for.yeaiis used their votes to pull  outr;chsstnuts yfor;rthe'';.'cdr"p6'rations'.by  filling; the\ offlcesSand) judgeships vwlth'  ! men "willing, to, serve capitalists,-; it;w.ili  be a,move In the right direction/Social  democrats: should  give, them- ail; the'  aid  possible! .; It will -take : only,.-two.,  years to force legislation favorable .to:  tlio  laboring   people,   similar   to   tliat  which, has been^accomplished In New-  Zealand :after. thevLiibor unions begin  to act In their bwn.interests political-'  : : HIS  OANAJ3IAN TITLE.;; ;  .-'��� Reginaldd'Ibervllle, eighth Baron de  ftongueuil,. in , the Province of Quebec,  is said to be the only, living possessor,  o-f a .Canadian title. It was granted  by LouisXIV., ��� 1700, when' Canada was  under 'French; rule, and.it was confirm-'  ed by the Queen, in 1SS0. The present  Baron is: forty-three years of age. He  succeeded to' the title on the death of  his brother in 1S9S. .       ;-���'    .    ": .   V.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  DID YOU KNOW THIS?  January and October of the same  year always begin with ,the same day.  So.do April and July, also September  and December. February, March and  Noveriiber also begin with the samo  day. ���'���'-' ���  There are three factors in the production  of wealth���Labor,    Land and  Capital.   From this" statement of, economic fact the erroneous deduction la  -drawn that there are  111 roc chiasm nf  wealth producers���Laborers, Landlords  and   Capitalists   There   Is    only    one  olnsfi,  and   that the llr*t.   Only work-  hji's are wealth-producers.   Single Tax-  ers would abolish landlords by,making  .-���-Ihe''people   thu  owners  of  the  land.  Socialists would abolish both landlords  -and capitalists by making the workers  tthe owners of both land and cajiltal.  The Toronto Trades nnd Labor Council hns been discussing a proposal  .made by one of Its members, that all  of them should live so thoroughly up  to their principles as to-wear naught  'but unio.n-mnde labeled clothing, the  ���clothing to be Inspected' periodically.  'Hhere is said to be a.hitch In the matter. Many men cannot.afford.the; luxury of union-made, ordered suits, and  tliere is no ready-made clothing in To-  -Tonto which st> complies with organiz-  on our side, und the balance of power  will not always incline, so heavily  eastward   ns  now.���News-Advertiser.  DOMINION DAY CELEBRATION-  PROCESSION COMMITTEE.  Merchants, societies and citizens are  Invited to contribute decorated floats  and carriages to the procession, and  in order to give some Inducement for  special effort to effectiveness, it is proposed that four prizes bo given, tho  amounts of which will bo duly announced. Intending contributors are  requested to Intimate tlie nature of  their exhibits to either of the undersigned as early as possible; entries to  be  closed  on  2Cth   Inst.  C. F. FOREMAN, Chairman,  '.,,': .W. SKENE, Secretary, P.O. 24S.  '    MoBRIDE, SOCIALIST.       ,  Richard McBrlde, M.-P. P. for Dewd-  ney, B.C.,Minister of Mines, endorsed  the platform of the Canadian Socialistic League,, and was* supported by  tlie socialists^' He gave a written  pledge, but. afterwards denied doing  so: Thin .'caused' Organizer 'Cameron  .to make affidavit and circulate photographed copies of McBride's; written  pledge and signature. ' He pledged  "hlmfielf In favor of a referendum, in  woman suffrage, employment,lor un-  .'.;Y:':S;rimA.T IS.ASCAB? ,Y,..'' J>  : .'At a'' -'conspiracy trial held "in  England: the prosecuting counsel gave the  following definition of a scab:Y   -  :, A scab is to his trade .what a; traitor  I is ::to   his. country,  and;;, though  both  may be useful;  in troublesome, times,  they.are detested  by all .when . peace''  returns;: so when help Is. needed n! scab  is ;the last,to contribute assistance arid  the first to grasp a: benefit,he never  labored to procure.   He cares only for  himself, .he: sees not .beyond the extent  of a day, and for a monetary: approbation: he : would betray friends,  family  and country; in short he is traitor on  a small scale, who first sells the journeyman, and is himself afterward sold  In his turn by his employer, linlll at  last ho is despised by both and deserted by all.   He is an enemy to.himself,  ���to the.present age.and',to posterity.;';'/.  CIVILIZING TIIE HEATHEN".    .;  '   "As I understand it," said the healh-  en,  "you propose to civilize me."  "Exactly so." ��� ,-������. : '  "Vou  mean to get me out of habits  of .idleness and teach me to w*oi*k.*V.^   ��=ii-Tlia t- l.s-llie"idea;"==^'"i~^^_  "And  then lead me to simplify niy  methods   and   invent   things,  to  make  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow/Palace livery  stables.  Celebration  JULY 2-3, 1  Clothing  We have an Over-stock of  CLOTLIING for this season of tlie year, and are  determined to clear it out  greatly Reduced   jt  at  Price*.   Cal  .BARGAINS.  and see our  R. ROBERTSON,  20 COIillOVA STf'iiET.  fmy work lighter?"  "Yes."    . .  "And next I will become ambitious  to get rich, so that I won't have to  work at,nil." \  "Naturally."  "Well; what's the use of taklngsuch  a roundabout way of gett.ing just  where I started? 1 don't have to work  now."���Washington Star.  FERRr  to Warshijis  ,    lloiitKuml Cimoesof nil kinds for hire.-'  .. First Hoat House, west (;. 1'. It, Stntion.  H. H.AVDES.  S|>ort* of all kinds at Brockton Point, including the  schedule Lacrosse Match Vancouver vs. Victoria,  Horse-racing at Hastingf Park, $2,000  in  Prizes ;  Dominion Day Handicap, Vancouver Derby.  Grand Parade and Bands of music.  Illuminations on the Streets as never before.  Cheap Transportations from all points.  -Uayou J. F. Gahdkx, .Al. P. p., Chairman.  Geo. Bai-tlky, Secretary Citizens' Committee.  Spring Has Come I  TAKE  lour Babies  ���TO���  I DIRECT LEOISLATION.  Dlreflt Legislation���Law-making by  the voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a percentage of the voters.  The lleferendiuu���The vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, If petitioned for by a percentage of the voters, or any law passed by a legislative body.  Proportional Representation���A plan  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice of the voters in proportion  to their numerical strength.  The' Imperative Mandate���The right  to vote out of oHlCe through the Initiative and Referendum any official who  falls to perform his duty.  Patronize home Industry by smoking  'Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  'Spanish Blossoms" cigars.   They are  union made and the best cigars in tho  market.  G. E. Macdonald  & CO.^s  Wellington and Coniox  ���zzCOAL ���  Any quantity from a ���**  JOO-Ib.toa 100-ton order  on shortest notice.   Price,  | "ton $6, J-2ton $3,25, J-4  ton $1.75.  Bunkere-foot of Abbott St.   Tel. 200  Up-totvn u'fico-612 Hastings St.   Tel. 210 Y  SoiSi-XlOOCOCOOCOOOCOCO-XJCCOa  "wbjitE  1-1 Cordova St.  (."Oil. SHV-IO'lK AND ColtllOVA' STS.  (ncnrR. 1'. It. SUtton.)  Fine old Eiiiillsli Ale. Sloiil anil Ileer;  best old Seiitc.li Hiul Irish whisky; domestic mid imported Cigar*,. Jivcrj-  : tliinj; up to the liainlle.  If ymi want ruur  eyi* ic>K'(l eull mi  our doctor nf op-  lies, lie will test  free of chnrue.  IIaviiisox linos.,  The Jeweler.  i iff lira,  HllgllORil  From Their N'iiiihhnoiSouthfliildanil  I'nitcctfon Isliuul CoIli��!ric"-,  5feam?  -Oes  &nd  B1ou*e Coal  Of tlio KoUowIiik Grtwlc-:  I3otil��Ie Wcrcentid  Lutiip.  , Kim of the Mt nt-,  Witslied Niit 1111(1  t1* c rec 111 n uh.  UM n m H  1). DAY, Proprietor.  Dyeine, Cleaning, Pressing, Repairing, Etc.  Office:  5211 Pender Street.   Works: 1033  rendcrStreet, VANCOUVER, B.C.  ���*A.M'j'KI, M. IIOIIIXS, Siiperlntcudont.  KVAXS. ror.K.MAN-.(��� r.vw-i Acents,  , <*<>r,K.MAN- ,t KVANH  ViillcoilVcrCily, J). C.'  .Merchants  nnd  others : are hereby notilicd :  that Mr. CIS. Walnwriglit has been awarded  the privileges for the official programme foc.-  tlie Uilizens' Dominion Pay .Celebration.    '  '��� ���''.���.������.'���'���'���'   -,  JOHS.H. BRO\VXE,'-Y;Y  ..   Chairiilau Printing Committee.   .-*  VA!!c.'Oiiver,June*Js, 19C0. ��� ':.Y'Y-:"������:������������-Y-'Y:.": THE INDEPENDENT.  an.Ttmm.it.  ��� ��*! wm *������ ���'<*  .���fU"*-TB 30, 1MM*V  The rate for classified advertisements is  one cent a word, but no ad. will be inserted for less tihan 23 cents.   Ir  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TUADB3 AND LABOR  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vtce-  Dresldent, J. H. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, V. O. box 18I; llnanclul secretary, F. Wlllliims; treasurer, C. R.  Monck; statistician. XV. MaeUiln; ser-  tjeant-at-arms, "W. Davis. Parliamentary  con mtttce���Chairman. John Pearey; secretary, J. Morton. MeetliiR���Klrst and  third Friday'In each month, at 7.M -i. in..  In Union hall, corner Dunsmuir and  Ucmer streets.  VANCOU'R TYl'OORAl'IIICAI. UNION.  No. '226. meets the Inst Sunday in ouch  ���month nt Union hull. President, 15. L.  Woodruff; viee-presldent. J. C. Marshall;  ��eeietnry, J. F. Wutklus; P. O. box W;  treasurer, *W. Unind; scrgeant-at-nrnis,  Guss J. Diinti; executive Gooinnilttee���  Chairman, J. C. .Marsliall; Geo. Wilby,  C. S. Campbell, G. T. Dutton, W. Arni-  stronit. Delegates to the Trades und bailor council, J. (J. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  K. Campbell.  KTKHKT RA11AVAY MUX'S 'UNION���  Meets second and fourth Saturday of  each month,''in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hastings Street  u-tS p. in. President, J. Barton; vice-president, E. A. Snyder; secretary, IT. O.  Thomas; treasurer, J. Jenkinson; condue-  , tor, A. Ross; warden, A. Russell; sentinel,  O. Lenfesty; deleg-ates to Trades and Labor council: John Pearey, J. Barton, IS.  Brunt, A. G. Perry, .1. W. Paxman.     ^  KETA11.' OUSRKB''' INTERNATIONAL  Protective Association, Local No. !"**"'.���  President, G. P.. Kerfoot; tlrst vice-presi-  ilcnt, .1. It. Jackson: second vice-president, J. Murray; recording secretary, W.  J. Orr, 317 Harris street; financial, Mr.  J. White; guide. P. A.-Meagher; guard,  , Tj. Parent; treasurer, D. McLean: griev-  -ance committee. John Peters, T. A. Phillips, E. Ijl. C. Johnson: Trades and Labor  council (itJegates, John XJeters, 13.. li. C.  Johnson, V. A. Meagher; finance committee. P. A. Meagher, '���'. A. Tectzel. Meeting every first and third Tuesday In the  tnonlh, iu Sutherland's hall, Westminster  avenue.  INTlil'NATlONA'L BRICKLAYERS  and Masons' Union, No. 1, of P.. C���President, Jas. Jcififroy: viec-president, Wm.  Marker: corresponding secretary, T. A.  llariuau; llnancial secretary, Wm. Taite:  tiler, Wm. Brauiga. Meets every Monday  "evening in Union hall.   -    .  THE SONS  OF  TIIK BRITISH E.M-  P1RK*.  Meetings.  F. O. E-���VANCOUVER A ERIK NO. li.  P. O. 1.1., meets every Wednesday night.  Bind second "Wednesday only of the months  (if July. August and September. Visiting  anonvbers welcome. II. .W. Findley, W. P.,  Province olllce; S. R... Robb, W. S..  World olllce.'.  I. O. O. F.. M. U.��� LOYAL THINE FOR  I0VER lodge, No. TKH, aneets every second and fourth Tuesday dn the.'month in  tlle hall, over Harvey's .store, corner of  Hastings street and Westminster avenue, Vancouver: sojourning brethren cordially invited. F. Black, N. C; R. W.  Partridge, secretary.  To Let.  TO. LET���CLEAN, WELL FURNISHED  ..rooms for light housekeeping; suites of  two, i-fl and $S per nnonth. Apply room ly.  ��20 Keefer Street..  TO LET���ROOMS FOR LIGHT HOUSE-;  ���-��� KEEPING;   well  furnished   and  clean  suites of two rooms *5 and S3 por month.  . Apply room 19, 220 Keefer Street.  Real Estate.  REAL ESTATE SNAPS.. "  COT ON     THIRTEENTH'    AVENUE-  Near M.-initoba���only $140; this is a bar-  Rain. T, "Mathews, -117 Hastings Street.  " LOT  ON   MELVILLE ;STREET���NEAR  Bute, 33 feet;  nice situation; only if075.  T.  Mathews, -117  Hastings  Street!  HOUSE AND LOT ON- TENTH' AVENUE, Mount Pleasant, near Westminster Avenue, 7 rooms; in good condition;  price $1,030. ��� T. Mathews, 417 Hastings  ���Street.  NEW HOUSE AND CORNER LOT ON  Ninth Avenue, with modem conveniences.   Price  ?1,250;   terms   to  arrange.   T.  Mathews, Bastings Street. .  NIOE   LOT   ON   HARWOOD ;STREET,  near Thurlow, 3." ft.; fine view of English Bay. Price $350. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.  LOT ON SEVENTH AVENUE, MOUNT  Pleasant,  near car  line.  Only $325,  T.  .Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.   ..  HOUB.E AND LOT ON" HOMER STREET  near StriyuiP' six rooms and bath. Only  41,350, These buy*' are worth looking up.  ���1\ *M"atile*V*, ill Sitings, Street.  Just, now, when all over the Empire  there in nut only an enthusiasm for  but strong will to maintain the integ-  riiy ut* our Empire so liuignllivcntly  shown by the deeds done on the liattle-  tield in South Africa by the sons of Undid land and "our boys" of Canada  and Australia, it is opportune to bring  most prominently to the notice of the  citizens of Vancouver the work being  curried on by the order or tno t-onn oc  the British Empire It received Us  Inception nl the time of ller .Majesty's  I'luiilniul Jubilee, ami has Its origin in  this city. Like most grout tiiiivonioiit.s  is coinmi'ticcd In a kiwiM way by a lew  patriotic mindiil men. meeting together from time to time wllh ithe object  of putting into a practical form the  Imperial federation idea by using the  regular lodge room methods upon the  lines nf similar pmtriolle societies. The  Sons of the liritish Empire do not seen  lo compete with nor rival in any way  tlie excellent work of olhor orders, but  rather to maintain as it were "an open  door" to any citizen or the Empire,  regardless of creed, or from what particular part of 'the Empire, lie claims  his nationality to be, su long as he is'  j. Ilrltisli subject. Here then, as sons  of the liritish Empire, we may' gather  uu an equality and Join in a common  cu use.  As illustrating what can be done in  this regard, a member ol' tlle order  wrote not so long ago to a friend in  Durban, and got as a reply a kindly  appreciative letter of Che splendid work  accomplished by "you Canadians," as  he puts |t, while ol* course he hns an  equally warm place in ills heart for  the Australians, and our brothers in  arms of the .."Mother Country. This led  up naturally enough to his making  enquiries as to tbe prospects of trade  between .British-Columbia' and South  Africa. Valuable 'Information was sent  him. so that in this one particular, Vancouver was brought through tho agency  of the Sons of the liritish Empire into  closer touch with Natal.  Too often we hear the complaint that  British Columbia is not, advertised  enough in comparison with the colonies. Is not this our own fault? If,  as we hope will eventually be the case,  the Sons of the British Empire had  lodges in every town.'and settlement  of the Queen's dominions, Vancouver  would be pretty well known. The idea  is to get our lodge under way. Our  machinery Is perfect: we have no  heavy or expensive ritual, but just  enough to hold a brother by the never  weakening bonds of Freedom, Justice  and Truth. We placed upon our banner One Umpire and One People, long  before Oom Paul sent .loubert into  British territory. In those dark days  of suspense just before the commencement of hostllles we sent our message  of hearty endorsatlon ot the entire action of Her Majesty* Government in  the, course pursued during the crisis,  and the Secretary of the Colonies, the  Right Hon'.'.Joseph Chamberlain was  not. unmindful of it: .while the Marquis ot Salisbury, from Hatfield House,  wrote his appreciation of the work we  were doing .for the integrity of ' the  Empirein this far western city of the  Dominion. Surely as our gallant  soldier boys have aided by their, indoin-;  itablc pluck, aye and by the sacrifice  of their precious life blood in South  Africa, swept from that country the  vilest oligarchy of any time, we need  not sit here in- our ease. There Is a  work to do. We can each do our part  to 'bring, about the desired end. To.  South Africa we can send our charters  as well as to Australia. New Zealand  and India, while in England, Scotland  and Ireland we have'thousands waiting and' willing to join our great  brotherhood, Indeed wherever the English language is spoken we have our  gospel. .-,.-.���'..'  Our meetings are always breezy and  instructive. We have been privileged  to. have with us of late the Kev.E.D.  McLaren and others who by their valuable assistance have helped our  cause along. Their addresses liave  been upon the lines of'patriotism, and  to those who have hud the pleasure of  listening to the Rev. Norman Tucker  will be given the opportunity of hearing that gentlnian again at our next  meeting, and to all. who have not  heard''him we would urge their doing  so.���Com.  THE CELEBRATION HORSE  RACES.  We are proud to be able to make the  positive statement that of all existent  turf and speed associations on thin  western coast, to the Vancouver Jockey club is easily ascribed the premier  position, and its methods of conducting  all Its business affairs are constantly  being quoted by turf Journals as patterns to like institutions. Small wonder  then that wluh the olllclals ever Jealously guarding the public's interests,  tlie number of the club's patrons has  ever been on the Increase, culminating  with a record attendance on tlle  Queen's Birthday. With Increased attendance the club has been enabled to  steadily Increase the value of the  purses, with the result that a far higher class of horses is now nesossnry to  win than formerly, and we have no  hesitation In saying that the horse*  now at Hastings are the highest class  animals that have ever been brought  together  In   this  Province.  With Increased public patronage the  old refreshment rooms wen? wholly Inadequate, so with commendable enterprise the club has erected In the rear  of ".he grand stand, a. new refreshment  pavillon-constr.ucted after the very latest design -from plans especially prepared by the club's architect. M. J. \V.  uMallory: the old bar-room being utilized  on this occasion as a luncheon room  by the club's caterer, Mr. G. Clayton  Leonard, though doubtless he will  shortly requisition the club for larger  quarters. However, he promises to send  no one hungry away. An enclosure  for such as do not care to patronize  the stand, has also been fenced ln,  ladies' toilet rooms added, and with  a force ot special police the very best  of order and decorum will be maintained. We -predict for the club-a most  successful meet. Glancing through tho  card. on. the Jlrst day. The British  Columbia Slakes of 1 1-4 miles for  horses owned In the Province prior to  June 1st, and with no special Weight  allowance for Provincial bred horses  and the Vancouver Derby of 1��� 1-2  miles, attract special attention. oThe  former event will probably be a battle  royal between Major Dupont's Nello  and either Babbler or Broadbrim, the  property of Mr. R. P. -Rithet,- though  had O'Connor, the property of air. XV..  C. Marshall, kept well he might have  proved the winner, but writing as we  do before the publication oto the.entries, it is impossible to forecast any  winners. On the second day the  event of the meeting, the Dominion  Day Handicap, 1 1-4 miles, 'for a purse  of $300.- given by the citizens of Vancouver, will be decided; the custom Inaugurated last year of the rider:of the  winner .detaching the silken purse containing the money, will be again observed, this being a. pretty hit of sentiment that we should like to see always  observed in connection with this race.  Musical Director Dyke has thought out  appropriate music for the climax of  the above three races, commencing  with, for the Provincial. Stakes, "See  the Conquering Hero Comes" and for  the ��� Vancouver Deilby the most appropriate air of "God Bless the Prince  of Wales," whilst for the Dominion  Day Handicap our own "Maple Leaf  Forever"... is" the only, air permissible.  The C. P. R.0 have made special arrangements for the transportation ot  visitors, special trains leaving at 1:30  and 2 p. ��� m..returning after the races.  There will be-no tedious delays, and all  will be back in the city" in ample time  for fortifying the inner man ere taking  in 'the evening amusements.   .  ���������'vA- meeting of fishermenWill; be held  on Saturday afternoon in Union hall-  Every fisherman is invited.      '���.'���'.'���'  FOR SALE ON EASY TERMS-HAn*.  WOOD street, near Bute; lot 33xV&\ facing English Bay; tine view; T'tiOe $175. A.  R. Waterfall. Moison's Bank building,  Seymour street entrance.  'Phone Slli.  =PENDRF.LL-STRI':.l3.'l'=FIRS:i'i=.CLASS.  bungalow*, with excellent basement and  all modern conveniences; lot Xixl'Q;  healthiest site in city; price Sl.MO. A. R.  Waterfall, Molson's bank building, Seymour street entrance. 'Phone SIC.  ROBSON STREET���FINEST LOT. ClixlS!  - overlooking inlet, one block from two  car lines at a s.'icrlllce. A. 'R. Waterfall,  Molson's bo.nk building, Seymour street  entrance.   'Phone K16.  Help Wanted.  MEN WANTED FOR WHITE PASS &'  Yukon Railway���2,000 rockmen. wages  18.30; board,$1 per day: also men for sta.  lion work, at highest rates. Special rates  lo Dennett. Apply A. O. Ross, 123 Cor-  ilov.'i street.  Other provisions nf Victoria's new  Factory Act prevent cne keeping open  of a simp so late as 10 p.m., unless the  next day be a public whole holiday,  and declare that in Melbourne no shop  employee must work for more than 52  hours a week. Another clause provides that there shall be a weekly  "half-holiday for the employees of every  shop In the Colony, so that the M-hour  a week limitation practically, means a  nine and a-half hour working day, except on the weekly half-holiday.  Persons  delivering  milk or  meat  in  ; the Colony of Victoria are also to have  a weekly half-holiday, and the bread  deliverer is granted, a whole    holiday  once a month���on the third Wednesday.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will, kindly notify   The   Independent.  THE  SUPPLEMENTARl'ES.   "'  An Ottay-a acspatch ot Mio 2(!tll ilist.,  statf-A that tlie (���ilpplUhientary estimates brought down on that date total  $7,250,000. The total tor the year, tifty-  six millions and a third, is the highest  on record. Some of the items are:  Ktunloops "public building. $5,500; Vic-  lurla.^p.(^uoITicet=J2.j'L^^  drill, hail, $20,000; William Headquaf  antine station, second disinfection harbor, etc.. $5,000; 'Columbia river Improvements In Narrows between Upper and Lower Arrow lakes, $15,000;  Columbia river improvements, above  Golden, $2,000; Fraser river Improvement of ship channel,, protection works,  etc., '$40,000: general" repairs, and Improvements to harbor, river and bridge  works, $3,000; Victoria harbor, removal of dredger rock, and dredging at  other points. $15,000; Anderson and  Kennedy lakes, dentin)* outlets, $2,500;  Salmon river, removal of obstruction  to .navigation, etc., $2,500; William  Head quarantine station, wharf repairs, water service, etc.. $2,000; Al-  :bernl-Clayo(|iiot telegraph line. $0,500;  Asherel't-llnrkervHIo telegraph line, re-  polling, $14,000: Golden station. Canadian I'nclflc railway lo Windermere,  telegraph line, J'.UM'u; telephone connection 'between Vancouver island and  Salt Sfiiiilg island. $1,550; 150-Mile  House lo Quesncl Forks and Horse Fly  telegraph line, JO.OilO, two fish hatcheries, $S.O0O; new revenue steamer for  Uiitisli Columbia, $50,000; Quesnel telegraph line. $150,000.  ��� THE CONVENTION.  The Independent .Laibor convention  called for the 27th, line been postponed till July 4th. The reason for this  is tbat some of the unions would not  have had a. meeting to elect representatives. A big meeting Is anticipated,  as already a great majority 'of the  union* have elected delegates.  SMOKE KURTZ'S  UNION-MADE  CIGARS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best  brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. The above brands are made  of the best imported Havana, and by  All the new styles  't't jManvvacxukeks'  PiiTCKS, from $2.50  up.r Send foi- catalogue of photograpic  supplies.  HOOKS, STATIONKUV, 1MIOTO SUPPLIES, ETC.,  135 Cordova Street     -     -     Vancouver, 11. C.  The Artizan and      0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ^ Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.   Wc Sell Ihem.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  WO Cordova Street. Cor. Abbott,  SHI Granville Street, Cor. Itobson.  Bring us your I'1'.i'scniPTio.Mt..  WHOSE I  CLOTHES ARE     t  YOl WEARING?  �� youre .-\voar-  ������������ ing Clements'  Made you've got the  best obtainable   You've col tin' |iro|H'i- rlnlh, Hit!  rorrn't My It", a i-erf-Tt lit, n ml  mink' by LXPLRriMON MECHANICS.  Hitvi*you t-i-t'ii our C3A RA  iniiKu ofSuftiiiK'- ��t ���J'Jvi-Ju  If \oii Imvou'l you me ini**Miij*:  ii eliiiiifT lo eeoiiomi/e. They'ie  ehenp benHiM-of their real kouiI-  nt!-*:-..  If il conies from Clements' it's correct.  GEO. CLEMENTS  s    ...MERCHANT  ...TAILOR  439 Granville Street  t  NOTICE.  A\'o are again oC'erlng a Scholarship  free for tuition and books to the student,  of Public Schools of Vancouver missing  into the High School at the earning examination -with the highest marks in Heading, Writing, Spelling, Grammar, Composition and Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of the Schools or the. undersigned.  Tiio li.lU.Vngd ('oiiiiiKT'-inl Collegii  J. Q. ���. WOOD  Books,  Stationery!  Fancy" Ooods,  Sch-ool Books.  J.   Q.  C.  603 Hastings St.  LCCC*  Chas. Woodward Co.,  F011UEBLV C. WOODMAliU.  LIMITED^  .1>KV OOODS���Straw hats must yo. Any 1i.it In stoek at hair  TJailio.-i' Spring Jackets, up-to-dule istylos, al half price, lllankets,  fortera,   (lullts   all   reduced.  ltoj-s' 2-|ileco Suits, ft.43; Hoys' "l-piece. Suits, S*t.r>0, $-I.M and  Jlen's lino ajid l��c Straw .Hats for aftc; JM'en'.i Cotton Socks, 5c  Men's  r-WKitors,  *"ni each.  "Men's iDniiKota Oxfords, lill.IiO. rofrular (S.OO; IMen's Huff Oxfords  regular tl.To.  rial's, illK: 'dozen, 3 for fie. Be each���all .prices: Union J;u:k.s  Hdlan anil American; launch llu skuls, ]i)o, I!*.', 20e and "lie; Chinese  turns, do and 10c; Fishing Tuuklc, all   kinds.  Fruit Jars���scarce���buy carl y���get. our prices; Lacrosse .sticks,  "Uilly's"  Sl.ffii.  I'.lrt SNIAl'S IN" CHOCOIjATKS-Oii ���Vriiiiiy and vSaturday w,  sell Kttchnnan's iKugllsh Chocolate Creams;'done up iu l-'i lb. bnxe  1 lb. boxes, .TTie.  I?   "Will  .<��� aie:  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  Teach  Your ehildren mnsie! ' There  isiilensuretuul profit in ll. Thu  beat Cu niul inn tm<l Knglihh  Pianos,  the best Gwmtliim Organs; Kl**  '* son' ������l'rototvpu" .Uiiml I|��uu- ���  ments; und tho best in all  Musical Goods  AU nt iiest prices ami terms at  Btouit's Music More  6-10 Granville Street, opp. P.O.     .  ������������������������������������������������������������#���������������  f ���"���  % Cleveland and KLpntfJ^ ���  |       Tribune     KPILUIjI-CS |  J coococcooo J  ��� Wm. RALPH    *T?��E2>��. %  McLennan?  McFeely ��* Co.  .���WHOL'ESALE AN'D   r.KTAlU  DBALEI"!S   IX  ^*i^"DI^N^|,;v:  Mt and Heavy  are  " imperial  I'.   O.   Box  317.  Vancouver,  11.  C.  9>  is  A  GREAT TRAIN  in  L'f|uipnH'jit,iii -*])iji.'d and in its  variety ui' Through Service.  A Th rouuli First-class Sleeping Car to Toronto, to M'ont-  roa'l, and from Banff Hot  Springs to St. P,aul.  A Tlirougli Tourist Sleeping Car to St. Paul daily, and  Tourist Sleeping Car to Toronto and Boston Three Days  every week.  Tlio '"'iMPKurAi, Limited"  time is arranged to pass the  grandest scenic features of  the Canadian Pacific Line  during daylight.  "Pamphlets-funiislied-fre  K. J. COYLK, JAMES SCI.ATKU,  AVG. I'.A. ' TieUet Aueiit,  Vnncoiiver, 11. C.        '-I2S HiistiiiKsRt.,  ' Viineouver II. ,C.  FOR A  of any description on  Metal, Wood. Stone or  Cloth.    Cal! on us.  THE  _���v  O lobe Sign Works  KM ifoiner '.itrcct, VaiK'ouver.  ���  Thox. Siiaim*, MtuiitKcr.  Our motto:   HonuM prices ami promptness,  mm, m m ws  Second to None. Ladles* and Gents* Clothing. Cleaned) Dyed and Repaired. Suits  Renovated From '  ... $1 to $1.50  4 connovA stiekkt kast  I  SOL.I0 AGENTS FOli: lilectrie Rubber -Belting; Beard more  Double and Single. Leatlie i" Beiltlngi: iVl'ajealic nan-gea;���.-.'���'Jaiiieb  .Stewart's Wood Stoves;. Valentine's Varnishes and Colors; l'*alr-  ���bank'a Scales;  Giant "-Powder.. Company's  -s Dynamites-  ''Also the Registerea Brand'of. SUNSET  Axes.     Saws.,.   Shovels  Spades,' Cutlery,   Razors. Hammers, Hatchets, etc.  MAIL   ORDERS   RECKiyS PROMPT ATTENTION.  Mail Orders Receive Prompt Attention.  A GOOD VIEW  il  Some men'ore well clothed from ono  point of view, hut you see them at another angle, and their clothes are full of  wrinkles and crudity speaks in all lines.  WE U'm>lSnSTAiND HOW TO CLOTHE  GUn CUSTOMERS so that hack, front  or side view is equally correct and elegant.  DAN. STEWART  130 Conlnvli Street.  The First Labor Paper published in the interest of . .  �� labor and wc arc tho First  * Store to servo the public .  0 The Cheapest Reading  0 in Vancouver        "^^  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  139'Hastings and  "14 Arcade  ��|>icer Shingle f^lHI  Co., Ltd.  For Summer Fuel and Kind���  ling Wood.  Suitable For Cooking Stove, Air. 1'iglit llt-nter-  or Grutc.  $1.50 Per Load  By fnr thu Chen pest, 'and hi every way the most <  satiiji'tt'ctoryfuelin thu juarkut.  SPIGER SHINGLE MILL COMPANY, Llmiled,  Xorth Und Ciimblu Street lividKe  TEHSPHONK 3<��>.  W. T. FARRELL,  IC inploj,'ment   r.int.1   Oenernl  Anciit,  Itei'l lCMt/ite -rmcl liiHtirrmou Ifirolter.  Arehilecttial  Mans   and - I'ersj-ectives.  _- [_ Prepaii'il. \   Karm and Tlriiher Lands, Unsinoss ami Itosi-  (leiiliul City J'roiierty for sale. Spei-jat attention-given to'.selling and run ting limix- and  store property; rents colluded; experienced  valuulor.  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  The"  ���  ..nviliKtlie Only Up-to-1'iile drill lloiiiu S-.  in II. ('. which In itsell Ik ii Kinii'iiiiiei.' Q*  oi u I'lrst-Cluss Hotel anil lte.utiiiiriiiu . .   Q-  300COCOOOCOOOCOOOOOOOO-  Seymour Streeet,  A. J. PROULX,  Inventor ol llie  "Piir mm. wfflpe wm-  And New Steam Thawing Drills for Klondike  Miners. Onsand Steam-litter, Contractor, etc.  Ofllec and Works,o'S-l -lluwu-street,. ���Vaneonver,  B. C, next post-oiHue*


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