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The Independent Apr 7, 1900

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Array R. G. BUCHANAN,  Crocker}', ChlnH, Glassware, Fnncy  Goods, Platoil Wure, Lamp  Goods. Cutlery and  Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S ,MS8��Ei!?Y���A  Coffee,ItoHst^rs Hiid Grlnderi,.  In order to pet of delicious iiroiniitic  coffee, it Hhouiil he fresh  rousted mid  ground ns needed.   Try Dickson's 11k��t.  47 Hastings St. East.  Ability. 'Phone U3. Pluck.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, J}. C, SATUJiDAV, APRIL 7, 1��00.  TMES \E LABOR COUNCIL  Kept Busy at Last Night's Session-  Reports.  T*�� Quarterly Statement Shows That the Council  Is in a Healthy Condition-Unions  ' Heard Erom.  NO. &  The Vancouver Trades and Labor  Council met last night with President  Joseph Dixon in the chair, and a large  attendance of delegates present. After  the reading of the minutes  Credentials were received from the  . following: Typographical Union, No.  126, George Withy, vice George Bartley,  ���resigned; from Journeymen Tailors'  Union, No. 17S, George Fletcher; Stevedore' Association, George Sunly; Plunders, Gasfitters and Steamfltters, A.  Patton, W. Blackmore, Jr., P. Moran;  Fishermen's Protective Union, Captain  McCarty, F. Rogers, Mr. Clarke and  Mr. Mundon; Quarry men's Union, It.  Pews and James Cosgrove. The ere  dentials were received and the delegates  took their seats.  COMMUNICATIONS  .were received as follows:  From the Rossland Trades and La-  J>or Council, requesting information  with regard to the action Vancouver  antanded to take in the approaching  elections. Secretary was instructed to  jjive them full particulars.  From the Slocan miners, re a labor  convention held on March 22nd. Filed.  iFrom G. R. Maxwell, stating that the  "building of the Drill Shed had been delayed on account of an endeavor on his  part to have It made larger than formerly Intended, and that the work would  lie commenced Immediately. Filed.  From the International Brotherhood  of Blacksmiths, Rock Island, Illinois,  asking this Council to form a blacksmiths' union. The Secretary was Instructed to answer same and state that  3 Blacksmith's Union has just been  formed, through the efforts of the Or-  <   ganizing Committee.  From the Toronto Trades and Labor  Council, stating that at a regular  meeting of that organisation the Legislative Committee presented a lengthy  report, which was unanimously concurred In. It stated that the Hon. Mr.  .Mulock, Postmaster-General, hud fol-  -lovrcd up.'his .work- on vthe suppression  of the sweating system by taking another admirable step In the direction  of securing the payment of fair wages  on all future contracts. Mr. Mulock  ���moved on the March 22nd "That all  , Government" contracts should contain  ' auch conditions as "will prevent abuses  which may arise from the sub-letting  of such contracts, and that every effort  should be made to secure the payment  of such wages as are generally accepted  is current in each trade for competent  ���workmen In the districts where the  ���work is carried out. and that this  tHouse cordially concurs in such policy,  and deems it the duty of the Govern-  ���ment to take immediate steps to give  "effect thereto. It is hereby declared  that the work to which the foregoing  "jjollcy shall apply includes not only  work undertaken by the Government  -iitsclf, but also all works aided by grant  of Dominion public funds." The performance by a government of even one  isuch specific act is worth more than a  ���volume of promises.  On motion , the Secretary was instructed to write a letter to the Hon.  Mr. Mulock, heartily endorsing his act-  ���lom in introducing the fair-wage clause  anto all public contracts, and thanking  ���Wm on behalf of labor. It was. suggested that Mr. Mulock's action might  safely be imitated by the"ipub!ic men  of the Coast.  Communications relative to technical  ���schools, technical education and evening classes were received respectively  -.��rom the Ottawa Board of Trade, the  Ottawa Trades and Labor. Coiljicll and  ��� ihe Toronto Tradesaiid-Labo'r'rCouncllr  -amd the latter body submitted a series  of questions in regard to same. This  question Is receiving a great., deal of  ���attention from all intelligent persons In  ���35astern Canada, and ihe Parliamentary  Committee was specially desired to Investigate this matter and report at the  -next meeting of the Council.  The Tailors' Union forwarded a resolution asking that the Allen Labor  Law be discussed by the Council at a  public meeting, and Its action with rc-  ���gard to same forwarded to the Dominion Government. The Parliamentary Committee was requested to look  into this matter, draw up a resolution  and submit same to a public meettnsr.  to be called under lis auspices within  the next two weeks.  ���The Financial Secretary's ,  QUARTERLY REPORT  ���shows a very healthy state of the finances. Since taking over the premises  on October 24th last, alterations involving nn "expenditure of between  3500 and $000 have been carried out.  AH this additional expense has been  met out of the ordinary income, without calling upon the members or the  shareholders tor a cent. The total Income, including a balance of $S9.94 in  the hands of the Treasurer at the last  audit in December, 1893, amounted to  "$834.89, while the expenditure for the  quarter ending iMarch 31st, 1900, (In-  -cludlng the major part ot the expenditure for alterations above referred to)  ��� total $772.46.   From all appearances the  ��� xeport for the coming quarter will show  a very creditable surplus.  ' The Statistician handed to the dele-  sates blank forms, to be filled out .by  tho secretaries of the different unions  ���for  his quarterly report.    This  form  ..contains question? regarding tho con  ditions prevailing In the different trades  during the last three months, and if  properly filled out will be of valuable  service for future reference. In fact  It covers a great dcul of the ground  which would come under the scope of  a Labor Bureau.  A large number of the unions handed  In statements of shares taken by their  members. Those unions who have not  reported are requested to do so before  the lGth of the month.  GENERAL BUSINESS.  A delegate read extracts from, the  Constitution o�� the Executive Council  and the subordinate lodges of the Canadian Association of Stationary Engineers. The preamble stated "that the  Association shall at no time be used  for the furtherance of strikes, or any  way interfering between its members  and their employers In regard to wages,  recognising the Identity of interests between employer and employee; not  countenancing any project or enterprise that will interfere with perfect  harmony between them; neither shali  It bo used in any manner for political  or" religious purposes."  The speaker, in drawing attention to  the foregoing, requested that a sharp  eye be kept on this Association by the  Organization Committee. Societies of  this kind in the Old Country -were said  to break up labor unions. In reply it  was stated that this organisation was  not a trade union, but a fraternal society. It met in this hall, and did not  intend to affiliate with the Council.  The Organiser thought It was not  justifiable to call this body a "scab"  organisation. However, the matter will  be looked into.  It was reported that the fishermen  were gaining strength each' meeting.  A meeting will be held to-"night at the  Labor Hall.  The Secretary was Instructed to petition the City Council for a grant for  the next Labor Day celebration.  A delegate from the Bricklayers stated that he had been informed '' that  there were some DO "scabs" being imported from the East to do work on  the Drill Shed. The stone-cutters were  asked to make a -note of this. It was  also stated that a few bricklayers were  at New Westminster doing laboring  work, awaiting the start on the Drill  Shed. They had been brought here  under misrepresentation. It was pointed  out that their contract with employers,  If signed outside of British Columbia,  could be broken, as far as the laws of  this Province were concerned.  A Committee was appointed to bring  In a report regarding some slight differences of  opinion  existing  between  the quarrymen -and. stone-cutters.''  Tlie Council then adjourned. ' '  LABOR  UNIONS CRIMINAL  The Governor of Idaho Declares Mis  Hostility  Unhesitatingly to Organizations of Wortingmen-  Ihe Dull-pen Investigation  Disclosures.  CARPENTERS WILL MEET.  The carpenters and Joiners, so far as  they know, are satisfied with the way  things are progressing in establishing  the minimum, rate of 33 1-3 cents an  hour���nine hours a"day's work. One  main Item not yet definitely settled Is  that of the Saturday half-holiday. It  is expected, however, shortly, that tho  builders will sign the proposed.ugree-  ment, which will finally.;settle matters  for the season. ..-The- carpenters and  joirjers are firnMn their demands, and  mean business. There'will be a meeting  for all the carpenters, union and nonunion, this afternoon in the Labor Hall  to further discuss the situation. It is  to be hoped that there will be no strike.  We are informed on authority that the  men wish to agree to a proper schedule  without resorting to strike, if the  builders show any spirit of manliness  there will be no trouble.  60 82  DO 00  15 70  277 75  G5  BROCKTON POINT ATHLETIC'  CLUB.  Following   Is   the   annual   financial  statement of the above association:  KEX3ETPTS. ,  Mar. 21, bai. brought forward ..  April 26, hockey rent, 1S98 .. ..  June 1, Int. lacrosse rec ..  Juno 5, Sen. lacrosse rec   Juno 12, Sen. lacrosso rec... ...  July 3, bicycle  774 33  July 3, Sen. lacrosse..   1,312 00  July-7,-rcnt,-I.-0. O.-F.-.V-.,-..-.-.-^���23 00  July 10, Twinning concert �� 5 60  July 2-1, Sen. lacrosse rec  63 75  Aug. 3, rent Lucas  25 00  Aug 3, rent Labor Day  20 00  Aug. 7, lacrosse rec  384 SO  Aug. 14, ront, N. W. lacrosse  76 00  Aug. 22, bicycle rccts. T. C. Club 250 00  Sept. 5, rent, jiwnleson  100 00  Oct. 20, rent  .... 75 00  Nov. 13, football, roc  03 00  Doc. 4. hockey roc  3G00  March 21,1300, hockey rent, 1899  00 00  ���53,700 72  EXPENDITURE.      ,,  Wages, Solwood .�� ���..$ 4S0 00  Wages, Barnes  .. ..   100 09  Wages, extra men    1C8 00  Rent 605 20  Lacrosse Club 1,27175  Vancouver Blcyclo Club    374 0!  T. C.  Blcyclo Club     118 Oi  Football Club      40 RO  Hockey Club      14 25  Insurance...  Park Commissioners..   ..  Audit, S. James   Repairs   Manuro   Lumber..   Carting soil   Horse hire       Advertising    .. ..     ..  Seed   Cab hire      Prizes (duo by CcL Com.) ,  Sundries   Balance- in hand.. .. ��.  25 00  3S 75  600  790  30 00  10 00  600  4 50  150  100  200  23 00  125  306 92  $3,760 74  Certified correct,     Vancouver,     B. C  IMarch 29th, 1900.  STAIN1LBY JAMES,  ,   Auditor.  Governor Steunenberg, of Idaho, admitted at the -bull-pen investigation  before the house committee on military  affairs recently at Washington, that  his proclamation declaring that a state  of insurrection existed In Shoshone  county, Idaho, was leveled at the labor  unions of the state, and.that he believed, as did General Merriam, that such  unions were criminal and that the leaders were criminals.  It was also shown that the governor  had deliberately ignored' the lieutenant-  governor when the former decided to  send a representative to the scene of  the trouble, In favor of Bartlett Sinclair, the Standard Oil agent and mine-  owner.  Mr. Sulzer asked the witness these  questions:  "Is not the reason you have continued martial law in Shoshone county that  you want to crush labor organizations?"  "I CONSIDER THESE ORGANIZATIONS CRIMINAL AND DOMINATED BY CRIMINALS," replied the  governor.  "Who were these criminals?"  "I don't know. I cannot recall the  name of any one."  "Can you name any person who has  refused to obey a process of the law  or courts since you declared that the  insurrection existed?"  "I CANNOT. THERE HAS BEEN  NO VIOLENCE SINCE. THE PROCLAMATION OF MAY 3RD. THERE  HAS BEEN NO PROPERTY DESTROYED SINCE APRIL 29TH.'  "Were you a party to the permit  system?"  "I was. It was drawn up to drive  criminals out of the district."  "Do you call men criminals against  whom no charge has been brought, no  indictment, found, no trial or conviction had?"  Governor Steunenberg's definition of  what constituted criminality in a man  was an Individual's opposition .to the  state policy as carried out by the governor.. . . ,.      .  L,     ,,      , ...      L   .^w  ��� It was shown that no'man, from a  laborer to a mine superintendent, could  work In Shoshone county, without a  permit. If one dld,60,tff���vYcrk he was  lmprisosned, it was shown^in violation of the habeas corriiis^ahd without  any right to a trial. Then Mr. Sulzer  asked:  "Do you think this is a legal or justifiable condition in  a republic?"  .. VI DO.    I KNOW  IT  IS  JUSTIFIABLE.    BUT I DON'T KNOW THAT  IT IS LEGAL."  It was brought out that Governor  Steunenberg had made no attempt to  suppress the riots by calling upon the  citizens of the state.  "I wrote the proclamation at Boise  City, May 3rd, on receipt of a telegram  from Bartlett Sinclair, saying that an  insurrection existed."  "Then you followed the advice of  Bartlett Sinclair blindly?"  "Yes. I then called on President Mc-  Kinley for troops, and they were sent."  It was proved that the courts had  been' ordered not to issue writs of  habeas corpus and that the prisoners  in the bull-pen could gain their freedom only in one way���by a permit  from Bartlett Sinclair.  Questioned concerning the bull-pen,  the governor admitted that none of the  prisoners had been arrested on a warrant issued by a court. He again said  that he did not know the origin of the  trouble at Wardner, and Representative Cox asked:  "If you did not know the origin of  the-troublerwhy-dld-you-discrimlnate  against the union miners? Why did  you take away the rights of a certain  class of citizens?"  The witness evaded the question.".  "Was it by your order that the negro  troops smashed the doors and windows  of citizens' houses?"  "I don't think   I   issued    such   an  order."  The hearing then adjourned.  thor of the "Red Book" and other important works, Is the candidate for  mayor.  The Toller, of Terre Haute, Ind., the  offlcal organ of four central labor bodies In the foregoing city and neighboring towns, has run up the Hag of Debs  and Harrlman,  ��� The Exponent, of Saginaw, Mich., is  out for Debs and Harrlman. The socialist movement is now in full swing  in that city.  j St. Louis socialists are so thoroughly  pleased at the outcome of the amalgamation of the two parties that they  are talking of starting a. dally paper.  1 ^  i MINERS' TROUBLE SETTLED.'  i A Rossland despatch says that the  following statement was Issued by the  Rossland Board of Trade on Thursday  night:  "Negotiations looking to the settlement of the labor troubles here  were brought to a satisfactory conclusion to-night. This settlement is on  broad lines, and regarded as permanent. All mines resume work to-morrow and shipments will also be resumed.  The management of the leiding mines  has announced that all properties will  be worked to the full capacity of their  machinery plants, and as almost a  quarter'of a million dollars' worth of  new machinery is being installed, this  means that upwards of 2,500 miners will  soon be at work. The output will be  Increased at once, and the shipments  from the Le Roi, War Eagle and Centre  Star mines alone will shortly average  1,300 tons per day. The settlement of  the labor troubles has resulted in a  general feeling of confidence being restored, and citizens of all classes are  rejoicing tornight. The number of  miners employed In Rossland's mines  before the shut-down was about 1,500,  and the shipments about 700 tons per  day."  WVDtt'  i.i   V  tiff.  Agreement Drawn Up and Signed by  Both Parties.  note ol Wages Fixed at S3 a Day ol Nine llours-  Thc Union at Alllimes Will Promote Its Interests.  A' LABOR  CANDIDATE  At their meeting on Wednesday night  the Trades and Labor council of Victoria decided to run a labor candidate  for the legislature at the approaching  election. Theunlons wllLmake the nominations at an early date."  THE DIFFERENCE.  Here's a conspicuous example of the  difference between union , and nonunion conditions in two of. the leading factories of Brockton, Mass., taken  (from a Brockton paper:  ending September 30h, $11,429.45.  Number of employees, including foreman and office help, 736.  Average pay for the week, $15.54.  'Non-union���  G. E. Keith, maker of "Walkover"  and other shoes.  Pay roll, $18,000.  Total employees,  1,416.  Average pay for the week, $12.71.  SMOKE KURTZ'S UNION-MADE  CIGARS.  If you want a really good cigar, call  for one of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best  brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. , The above brands are made  of the best imported Havana, and by  expert union workmen in Vancouver.  About three months ago the Brotherhood of Painters and Decorators of  America, local union, No. 13S, notified  the master painters that they would  expect an increase of wages and also  their rules to ake effect on the 2nd of  April. The rules which the union submitted wore as follows:  1. That the hours of labor shall be  between 7 a.m. and 5 p.m., with one  hour for lunch, between 12 and 1 p. m.,  where practical, but where lconvenient  the employer and employee shall arrange an hour to suit, but In any event  nine hours shall constitute a, day's  work.  2. That the minimum rate of wages  shall be 33 1-3 cents per hour.  3. That workmen shall be allowed to  work one hour after the usual hour of  quitting in order to finish a Job, at the  same rate of wages.  4. That all work done after 6 p. m.  shall be paid'at the rate of time and a  half.  5. That in case of grievances between  employer and employees the executive  committee of the union shall meet the  employer and endeavor to adjust the  grievances.  6. That one week shall be allowed for  non-union men to work, but if they fail  to join this union or make applicaton  to join in the said time, the union shall  demand their discharge.  7. That the union shall at all times  endeavor to promote the interests "of  union shops, and that if any member  ot this union.should take or otherwise  accept work conflicting with the shops  he wil be expelled.  8. That these regulations shall take  effect and come into force.on the 2nd  day of April, 1900, and remain in force  ffor the period of one year from date  and no alteration shall be made at the  end of that period without 90 days  clear notice by the party desiring the  change.   If no  notice  be  given,   then  these regulations shall be kept In  .force for,another,year and,so onjtrom  year to year.  Look out for an advance in coal oil.  John D. Rockfeller's son has dropped  $17,000,000 In speculation in Wall Street.  ���St. Joseph Union.  ��� The Blackwell-Durham Tobacco Co.  Issued a circular against the tobacco  trust, on which It represented itself as  a bird with a snake In its mouth labelled "anti-trust." The Durham Company  is now in the hands of a receiver and  the trust is smiling blandly. Moral:  Don't monkey with a trust or the goblin will get you.  -'A-most extraordinary and-astonishing  development in respect to woman's  work was found in the fact that 500  girls and women are employed In the  foundries of Pittsburg doing work for  $4 and $5 a week, for which men were  formerly paid from $14 to $16 a week.  This Is Pennsylvania, the stronghold of  labor.  AN* EARLY CLOSING BY-LAW.  A meeting ot the executive committee  of the Toronto Retail Grocers' association was held in St. George's hall  recently to discuss the early closing  question. The requisite number of signatures required by the city council to  pass a by-law to compel tho retail grocers to close has been secured, and was  presented to the city council. Mr. J.  D. Kelly presided.  SOCIALISM SPREADING.  Patronize home Industry by smoking  Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars. ' They are  union made and the beat cigars in the  market. ���    '  Social democrats report now branches  at Stoughton, Wollaston and Webster,  Mass.: Tampa, Pin.; Pittsburg., Ky.;  Salt Lake City and Bingham Canyon,  Utah; Olympia, Wash.; Oregon City,  Ore. In Newark, N. J��� the social  democrats and antl-Deloon S. L. P.  combined for the spring campaign.  The bolt of G. C. Clemens and friends  from the fusion party lo the social  democratic party is still a live topic In  Kansas. <  The social democrats are making a  Bplendld fight In the Milwaukee municipal campaign. In one night they  organized three branches with a total  of 57 members. The trade unions are  lending their support. Frederic Heath,  a well-known newspaper man and au-1 ministry.  An Ottawa despatch says that a railway contractor from the west is authority for' the statement that the  Doukhobors are working as navvies on  the Rainy River railway, the property  of .Mackenzie and Mann. The Doukhobors have caused the wages to be reduced from $1.50 to $1, as a result,  The .union received an answer about  the 13th of March. Through some misunderstanding about them the employers stated that they could not see their  way clear to recognize the union. The  communication was duly acted ,upon,  and it was decided that the union  would stand by their resolutions. So  accordingly the union struck on the  2nd of April. A committee from the  master painters were received on Monday evening last. They asked for some  amendments to the above resolution.  Two additions were also suggested, but  as the union could not decide that  evening the meeting was adjourned  till Wednesday. The union . left the  resolution as they were, with the exception of clause 8. which was altered  to 90 days instead of thirty. The two  additions asked by the master painters  were as follows:  That we agree not to allow disputes  In other trades to affect the interests  of master painters in any way.  A master painter, should he have  cause to discharge a man, is not compelled to give reasons to the union  unless he wishes to do so, but if the  shop steward should think an lnjus:  tlce has been done he may ask the employer to give him some explanation.  The master painters were met by the  union when the employers agreed to  sign the resolutions. So after a three-  day strike the men went back to work^  Thus-the-trouble was terminated in  a most quiet and gentlemanly way.  The masters and the workmen acted  In a most business-like way.  The painters and decorators are to  be congratulated upon their very  speedy settlement with their employers, and the recognition ot their union.  Seattle Is going to have a hatter's  union. The light on the Berg hat is tho  indirect cause.  Drink the celebrated Seattle "Bohemian Beer," only five cents per glass, at .  the Arlington.  The clerks' union has only begun to  grow. The clerks in several lines of  business have not even been approached as yet.  Mr. C. Duncan has been appointed  advertising and subscription agent for  this paper. A note or a postcard at  this office will find him.  Gordon Drysdale has now on sale  everything for Easter wear. This store  always carries a first-class stock ati  reduced prices.  Messrs. Foreman & Son, the boot and  shoe dealers, Westminster avenue, are  now running their fifth semi-annual  sale. Read their ad. in this paper and1  go and see the goods.  A large business man in this city informs us that since he has been here  not one person ever asked him whether  he employed a union clerk or not. He  is also In favor of the union. . (.  The Union Seattle Record says:  The Vancouver longshoremen's strike-  may be settled. If it Is it will be the  direct result of the forming of a long'  shoremen's union in  this city.  Our Seattle brethren are determined;  to build their hall. Many of the more  prominent business people are as much,  interested in the project as the working,  men themselves. This shows the right  spirit.  The Liberals held a provincial convention this week at which everyone  who spoke received marked attention.'  The proceedings, however, terminated  in nothing being accomplished. Irish  land league meetings are no longer,  'in it.  The Victoria Trades and Labor council on Wednesday night passed a resolution thanking Mr. Mulock for his  minimum wages resolution, and en-1  dorsed a memorial to the Ottawa affiliated trades asking the Dominion government to establish technical schools.  THE MINERS' SITUATION.  The annual expense per Inhabitant  for the army and education In the different countries in Europe Is as follows:  Our readers will make no mistake in  referring to the advertisement ot P.  Conway, late of the Crown, who has  Joined Mr. J. F. Carroll, in the new  management of the Imperial hotel. Mr.  Cnrroll Is an old Winnipeg hotel man  of experience, and his good wife Is in  charge of the kitchen nnd dining room.  Any person' patronizing this firm is  sure to be well served. The place Is  at 135  Water street.  The Rev. R. G. MacBeth, M. A., of  Winnipeg, the new pastor of the First  Presbyterian church, preached his first  sermon on Sunday last to very large  congregations. The rev. gentleman Is  very eloquent and convincing. The  music by the choir under choirmaster  George F. Dyke was exceedingly fine.  Mrs. Rosina K. Burke and Mr. Allan  Seymour sang solos in a very finished  manner. The church is a very large  and comfortable building and It Is  hoped Rev. MacBeth will receive the  fullest support   In   his   new  field  of  Public  Army.  Education  .72  Great Britain .  .66  Holland   . ..   3.74  .66  Germany    ....    2.48  .4S  .04  1.00  Italy    .   ..   1.60  .31  Belgium    ....   1.44  .52  .36  Switzerland  ...  .   .. ' .88  .92  Ontario is now receiving quite a little  Immigration. Thus 4,015 steerage passengers settled In tho Province during  1899, in addition to .others from the  United States. People are finding that  there is still ample opportunity for settlement In the Eastern Province.  A Bill has been introduced into the  Ontario Legislature to provide that in  towns and municipal districts of that  Province, reeves and councillors shall  be elected for terms oftwo years, instead of annually. The BUI is receiving considerable support, but its further consideration has been deferred,  and It is likely that It will not be pressed this session. i  "No labor difficulties now exist  among the miners of B.C., but there is  still a very large over plus of. men  skilled in the calling, for whom there  is no work. We desire to point out  that notwithstanding this fact' large  numbers of aliens have already -been  imported .by contract from the United-  States and. we' have'"definite" infornia- '  tion of the Intention of the Silver Lead  Mines association to Import several  hundred more at an early date.  "From the foregoing it will be seen,  that If some check is not placed on this  wholesale invasion and displacement of  our citizens an Irremediable wrong  will have been done. The miners and' '  'residents generally ha.ve taken alarm  at the high-handed manner in which,  the managers of these mines break with  impunity the law of the land and this  in face of the fact that the government  received the earliest notification of the0  violation of the -alien labor act.  About five months ago the government  was first apprised and about Dec. 1st  Mr. R. C. Clute arrived to Investigate  the charges of importation by .contract.  The very urgency of the situation  might be considered to suggest the  value of expedition. In the meantime  more than one hundred men have been  imported to British Columbia beneath  the very eyes of the commissioners.  "In West Kootenay, B. C, we stand  face to face with one of two destinies.  One means the driving forth of our  citizens ,to make way for an uncoth,  horde of slaves. The other the maintenance in their rights of those Who  made what our western province is today. As miners and workingmen no  objection is raised to fair competition,  but when disgruntled, unpatriotic employers are permitted to go beyond our  borders and contract for men to take  the place of-our-own-to satlsfy-a-petty���  grudge we think and we believe that  it Is high time that legislation is invoked to preserve us from the greed  and malice of such people.  "The general well-being ��� of the  masses marks their desire of intelligence and education and surely those  arc among the first requirements of a.  national greatness. It may be said we  will lose capital, revenue and trade by-  such legislation. We have only to  point to the United States to prove  otherwise. There has been such alaw  as we desire on their statute books  for upwards of fifteen years and it can ���  hardly be said the United States lost  by reason of the act.  'The miners and residents of the  country ask that our present alien labor act be adequately amended to meet  the conditions now threatening the-  prosperity ot a large corner of our Dominion one where growing industries  promise well for Canada It proper conservation of our rights are recognized-  Industries that can well pay the living  wage standard ot the west below which  already nil ton unfortunately, one mark  has been reached.  "The British Columbia members of  the commons, ot course, recognize how  Important It is that something should  be done, and done quickly, but whether the government can meet the situation remains to be seen."  It is sad to think that honest labor  often brings with it nowadays Illness  and misery .���Dr. J. Cantlie.  We have been for a long time trying  to make people prosperous by making  them temperate. It is time to make  them temperate by making them prosperous.���Frances Willard. THE INDEPENDENT.
SATURDAY April 7, 1909
AT   312    IIO.MIOH-   STKMBT,   VA.NCOU-
';       vim, n. c.
SATURDAY April 7,  1U00
At the 1M>S session of the Dominion
Trades ami Labor congress hold in
Winnipeg, the following plaform was
adopted. We would especially coin-
mend It to the consideration of the
workers of British Columbia at the
present time:
I. Free compulsory education.
S. Legal working day of eight hours
and six days a week.
3. Government inspection of all industries. '•
4. The abolition ot the contract system  on all public works.
5. A minimum living wage, based on
local conditions.
0. Public ownership of all franchises,
such as railways, telegraphs, waterworks, lighting, etc.
7. Tax reform, by lessening taxation
on industry and increasing it on land
S. Abolition of the Dominion senate.
0. Exclusion of Chinese.
10. The union label on all manufactured goods, where practicable, on all
government supplies.
II. Abolition of child labor by children under 14 years of age; and of female labor in all branches of industrial life, such as mines, workshops,
factories, etc.
12. Abolition of property qualification
for all public offices.
13. Compulsory arbitration of labor
14. Proportional representation and
the cumulative vote.
15. Prohibition of prison labor in
competition  with free labor.
The speech delivered by Mr. Arthur
Puttee, member for Winnipeg, on the
22nd Inst., in the House of Commons,
on Mr. Mulock's fair wage resolution,
is one showing more than average ability on the part of the speaker. Mr.
Puttee has taken considerable trouble
In preparing tor this debate, nnd, Judging from the report In the unrevlsed
edition of Hansard, has covered every
point in favor of the adoption of the
resolution, and plainly told the Government that there was no use of passing the measure unless It was the intention to consistently and honestly
enforce It. Mr. Puttee voted with the
Opposition on an amendment which
sought to clothe the resolution In an
act of parliament, but the government
members voted it down.
The following we would commend to
the consideration of those who, while
trying to propagate socialism, go out
of their way to take a stab at trades
"Just why the working people of the
civilized world should be thrown into
dissenting factions over questions ot
divergent industrial and social policies,
is more than a casual observer can explain. Of course, we know that the
human family never did abide in peace,
but usually a bone of contention has
been but one instead of two distinct
matters of dispute.
Why should there be a dissenting
rivalry between trade unionism and
socialism? Neither, in truth, should
trespass on the rights of the other.
Instead of opponents, they are by their
very natures, allies.
A trade union is an industrial institution. It has for its mission the improvement of the conditions of working
people under existing forms of government, be that government monarchial,
as in Great Britain and Germany; republican, as in the United States and
France: or semi-social, as in the Australian colonies. A trade union has to
do with hours of labor, wages paid,
and rules of employment. It is the purpose of trade unions to unify men of
all religions and political affiliations.
Trade unions teach men of all industries to unite for a common cause. The
Christian, the Jew. and tho Mohammedan, irrespective of religious teachings,
may rally under the banners of trade
unions for the advancement of the interests of labor. The Tory, the Liberal, the Republican, the Democrat, the
tical beliefs, here meet on common
ground. Trade unions have naught to
do with political propaganda, but
would have workingmen vote, irrespective of party, for men and measures
that in their judgment will Improve the
conditions of workingmen.
Socialism is a political institution. It
seeks to reform governments by level-
Qlng down and levelling up the social
inequalities. Socialism bears the same
relation to the student and philosopher
that It does to the workingman. In
fact teachers of socialism have not usually come from the laboring class.
'Members of all trade unions are free
to choose their political alllliatlons. if
it be demonstrated to trades unionists
that the reforms sought by socialism
are desirable and practical, then trade
unionists Will vote for socialism. This
being a fact, how can soclullsm win to
Its support the votes of trade unionists? Certainly not by attacks on
trade unionism. How many trade union voters would any political party
"win  by such methods?
It the leaders of socialism were diplomatic, they would encourage each
and every workingman to allay hiin-
Edlf with the union of his trade, and
advise him as best he could, under existing conditions, to aid in shortening
the hours of labor, increasing the rate
of wages and controlling the rules of
employment. If socialism is to gain
the political-support of the vast army
of trade unionists, It must be by the
6ame methods that friendship is always
gained. Curses, Jibes and threats have
done little to advance any political reform, no matter how apparent the benefits of such reform may be."
The correspondent In this city of the
London Dally Mail has cabled to that
paper that British Columbia, is Intensely eager regarding the utterances of
Mr. Chamberlain In reference to Japanese immigration. The worthy correspondent also stated that British Columbia will insist upon restrictions
being placed upon cheap Mongol labor,
notwithstanding the high appreciation
Ihey hold toward the Hon. Mr. Chamberlain. The workingmen must stand
together if they do not want Oriental
labor to supersede theirs.
The printers' label should' be seen on
considerable more printing than is the
case at present.
The presence of the blue label ot the
International Cigarmakers' union on
liny box of cigars Is a guarantee that
it isn't made by Chinamen or in sweatshops.   Remember the golden rule.
Just take a peep at the lining ot the
inside pocket of your coat and observe
whether you find the label of the International Tailors' Union. If it is not
there then you have not been acting
right by your follow unionists.
If the members of the unions would
each lay aside 10 cents every week, the
1,600 would    have   contributed $6o0 a
month towards paying the $5,000 on
the hall by April 24th. Can't this he
done? Can't even half of this sum be
The Independent is a trades union
paper, and we expect every union man
in the city to be on our subscription
list. Remember we can depend on no
'*pap" from political parties, therefore
we hope for the united support of all
trades unionists.
We have this' week devoted considerable space to sporting matters.
The lacrosse boys are a fine lot of fellows, whose sympathies are with the
Saturday half-holiday movement.
Vhey know that if their patrons can
get oft on Saturday afternoons they
will be sure to take in the matches.
The Toronto World has been taking
a shot at Mr. Puttee. This is clearly
understood when It is explained that Its
owner, Mr. McLean, M. P., is a Liberal-Conservative—but with one very
wholesome lesson in his philosophy, he
Is straight for public ownership of railroads. In all else the World is strictly
There are some 75 cities in the United
States planning the erection of labor
buildings. Vancouver cannot be behind in owning . their hall. Every
workingman, union and non-union,
should interest himself In raising the
$5,000 by the 24th of April. Buy a $2.
.share,^or^chip in two.blts^with some
one'else towards purchasing one.
ernment who negotiated the war, the
moving spirit being Mr. Joseph Chamberlain.
Our provincial politicians are having
a hot time slinging mud at one another. If a man of independent mind
sits down and rcfiects for a moment
upon the unseemly grab for olfice being Indulged In by these mountebanks,
ho must be truly disgusted. We haven't
many men In the public eye that rise
much above the huckster politician.
We had a call this week from. Mr. A.
R. Carpenter, the representative In'this'
Province of the Seattle Union Record.
Wo take this opportunity of putting in
n good word for the Union Record, if
there ever was nn up-to-date, progressive labor paper It Is the Union
Record. Mr. Gordon A. Rice Is the editor. Don't be ashamed to' subscribe
for It, If you are for The Independent.
Slpldo, the would-be assassin of the
Prince of Wales- on Wednesday at
Brussels, said that he wanted to kill
the Prince "because he caused thousands of men to be slaughtered in
South Africa." On the continent ot
Europe the popular belief among the
working class is that the monarch can
declare war and terminate it whenever
he feels like'it. This may or may not
be so In some countries, but in Britain
the Prince of Wales nor any member
of the royal family, officially, had no
more to do with the bringing on of the
South African campaign than had the
writer.   It was Lord Salisbury's Gov-
(CopywriKht, WOO. by Edwin Murkluiiii.)
When Ihe   Norn-Mother snw  Ihe  Whlrwlml
liri'iit-miiiK mill tlurkuniiiK »« It lmrrleil on,
She henl thu strenuous  lleiivens anil eunie
»lo\vn     .
To innke u liiiin to meet the morliil need.
Hhe took the tried clay of the uiiiiiiiuin mail—
I'lny wnriii vet with the genliil bent uf Eurlli, ,
Pushed iliroiiKh it nil n .strain ol prophecy;
Then mixed n. lauglilur uilh thu serious .staff,
it was a stuff tn wear for runliiriui.
A "mil Unit miu.ihuil the mtniiiliiliis iiml .'niiu-
The slurs to look our way ami honor us.
Tlie color of the Krouutl was in him, the reil
The taiiK anil odor of the primal things—
Tlie riTtitinle ami patience or the roi'ks
Tlie gliiiliie-s of the wind that shakes tlie com;
The courage of the bird that dares thu sen;
The justice of tlie rain that loves all leaves;
Tne |>ity of the sno.M that hides all scars;
The loving kindness ol rlie wayshlc well;
The tolerance ami equity of light
That gives as freely lo Ihe shrinking weed
As to the great oak daring lo the wind—
To the grave's low hill as to the Mutlerhern
That shoulders out thu sky.
And so he came.
From the prairie cabin lo Capitol,
One fair Ideal led our chieftain on.
I'uruver.'iihre he hurucil so do his deed
With tlie line stroke ami gesture <>' a king,
lie built tlie rail pile as he built the Slate,
Pouring his splendid strength through every
The conscience d him tesllngevery stroke.
To make his deed the measure of a man.
.So came the captain witli the mighty heart;
And when the step of Earthquake shook the
Wrenching the rafters from their ancient hold
He liulU tlm riilgepole up mill spiked again
Tlie rafters of the Homo.   He held his place —
Held the long purpose like ti growing Iree—
Held on  thruugli blame and flittered not al
Anil When he fell In whirlwind, lie went down
As whed a kindly cedar green with bctighs
(.Iocs down witli a great shout upon the hills.
Many in Vancouver will learn with
regret ot the death of Mr. R. D. Pitt,
one of the best known pioneer citizens
of Vancouver. The Kamloops Sentinel
'of Tuesday, contains the following: "R.
D. Pitt, an inmate of the Provincial
Home for the last five years, passed
away at 7 o'clock, aged 62 years. The
deceased was well-known to all residents of Kamloops, by his cherry
manner and genial way. He came here
from Vancouver In 1S95, whf-re 'he.*vvas
well-known and carried on a real estate business. He was unfortunate
enough to lose his leg In the big fire of
that city in 1SS0. The deceased was a
native of Ireland, and getting the gold
fever when quite young, he left his
home for the Coolgardle gold fields.
Australia. Later on he migrated to
California with the great rush to that
part »f the world. The funeral took
place this morning at 10 o'clock, the
Rev. Father Michel officiating." The
late Mr. Pitt was, in the 'SO's, very
prominent In labor circles here. He was
master workman of the K. of L.
and was a labor candidate in the municipal elections, running on the same
ticket with the late -Mayor McLean.
Millions of American voters are
unanimous in favor of changing the
method of electing United States senators. It is tho wish of the people that
the aforesaid servants of the nation
should be elected by popular vote Instead of as they now arc by the different legislatures. There are thousands
of men within the ranks of united labor
whose vote cannot be bought at any
price, and they think it is high time
the state legislatures cease to be corrupt political boards of trade, where
the most sacred offices within the gift
of the nation are sold to the highest
bidder. Down with the corruption and
up with the people!—Sari Francisco Organized Labor.
A majority of the workingmen of
Canada are not members of labor organizations. Their influence upon legislation and upon public sentiment has
been very small compared with that of
the efforts of organized labor. This is
simply, another Illustration of the moral contained in .the story ot the dying
husbandman whose sons could not
break the bundle ot sticks. It Is simply an application ot the principle so
forcibly expressed by Webster in the
words, "United we stand, divided we
Government ownership would never
do, because we are free, says an exchange. It Is amazing to note the relish with which the magnates dwell upon the fact that we arc free whenever
they desire to emphasize their opposition to a measure calculated to benefit
tho people. We are a free people, nnd;'
therefore, we must get along without
the most primitive accommodations of
civilization. It Is because we are free
that the wealth ot. tho country 'makes
us slaves. .'
'' Equality of both sexes has been
reached In parts of England, it we cun
believe a returned labor delegate. "The
difference in sex," he says, "seemed to
be entirely lost sight of ." Ho saw the
women "going about in clogs, dressed
In men's clothes, in blacksmith and
other shops, wielding the sledgehammers with the men." Yet some people
are hard to please, and the delegate
regards this equal condition as "de:
' There is great need of improvement
In the hours of labor and pay of restaurant and dining-room employees In
this city. A waitresses' association
should be formed. Seattle has one, why
not Vancouver?
" ^ —     -j i
The following able discussions? the
"Land Question," Is one among a number delivered by W. A. Douglas, B. A.:
In Introducing this subject permit me
to call attention to some Important
facts In our.social organization.
A sower went forth to sow. In the
morning ho sowed his seed; In the
evening he withheld not his hand.
That seed he nestled,4n the soil, where,
nourished by its fertility, fanned by the
wind, moistened by the. rain and the
dew, and heated by the sun. It was
wooed Into the activity of vitality and
rejoiced the heart ot the husbandman
by returning him twenty-fold, fifty-
fold or an hundred fold.
The sower went forth to sow with
the hope that where he put in one
bushel, he would reap many bushels;
that where ho began with scarcity he
would end with abundance.
At the same time another man is
standing in front of a forge. Into the
furnace he casts the crude, the unorganized ore. He passes it through
the various processes of fusion, rolling
and fashioning, and behold the marvellous result: the ponderous locomotive,
the still more ponderous compound engines of the ocean steamer, the swift
Hying shuttle of the sewing machine
or tho exquisitely adjusted watch.
Where there was scarcity this1 man
has also striven to bring forth abundance.
Between tho mechanic and the farmer there is a relationship. The farmer
wants the machinery and the mechanic
wants the food. Each has striven to
produce abundance, therefore, when
they exchange, they offer abundance
for abundance. Each has toiled; therefore the exchange Involves toll for toil;
burden for burden, sacrifice for sacrifice, benefit tor benefit, mutual enrichment and mutual elevation. Did time
permit I might extend these illustrations and show, you that it Is on this
relation of benefit for benefit that depends the growth, the continuance and
development ot civilization and the
possiblity of religion.
Some may be somewhat startled at
this last statement. Therefore, I ask
your attention to this consideration:
Suppose we abolish all possibility of
exchange and compel every man to
erect his own house, fabricate his own
clothing, work out his own philosophy
and religion, complete his own library,
build his own railroad and run his own
newspaper, what would be the result?
His home, a cleft in the rock; his coat,
the skin of a wild animal; his philosophy and religion, a degrade superstition; his literature, a barbarous jargon,
his condition, barbarism as gross as the
world has ever seen. This is the reason why I say that on this exchange
for benefit depends the possibility of
civilization and religion.
When the farmer meets the mechanic
It Is in a relationship of service for
service and benefit for benefit. Each
makes the other richer. ',   .
Allow me now to give a quotation
from an ancient author, a quotation
with which doubtless most of you are
familiar. Tho words are these; "Bear
ye one another's burdens and so fulfil
the law of Christ.", Does not this relationship of service for service and
benefit for benefit harmonize most accurately with the injunction of the
apostle? :-
I ask attention now to another relationship. The growth of population
on this continent is without parallel
In the history of the world. Commencing at about four millions at the time
of the revolutionary war, it has
doubled every 25. years, until it now
amounts in Canada and the United
States to about eighty millions. This
population has not spread with uniformity, but has clustered more and
more.in the large cities, so that while
the general population has doubled
every twenty-five years, the civic population has doubled every ten years.
Let us now see what economic effect
must follow from this increased population.' When the first settler came
to th*at town site there was.the whole
of this area for his occupation. When
however, another person can-.?, there
was only halt this area available for
each. When the population Increased
to a hundred there was only one-hundredth of the area available.of each,
and when the population became, a.million there was only one millionth of
the area available for each. The gredt-
the area of land available . for eacn
must be less. The movement must be
from abundance to scarcity. Where the
first settler had a hundred or a thousand acres all to himself, at last we
find a hundred or a thousand settlors
crowding on to the one acre.       „
Where the sower goes forth, with
scarcity, he hopes to reap abundance;
but where the people congregate they
begin with abundance of land and end
with scarcity. Increased population
can make goods ,more abundant; but
increased population Inevitably makes
land more scarce.   (>
Now I would like very much to ask
you If there Is any one who can boo
any possible parallel, any possible resemblance or likeness In these two
movements. Labor commencing with n
few seeds and ending with a multitude;
labor commencing with crude ore nnd
ending with n stuck of-machinery;
labor ' commencing with a few sheep
and ending with u stock of clothing;
and on tho other hand population commencing with a hundred or a thousand
acres for each Inhabitant and ending
with a hundred or a thousand Inhabitants for each acre. Can you see tho
remotest possible resemblance between
these two movements? Is not the difference between these two movements
as great as the difference between any
two things can be great? Is not
the difference as great as between
north and south, light and darkness,
Zenith and Nadir, food and poison,
plus and minus, debit arid credit, liability and assets? Is It not a polar
•difference, a diametrical difference? ,
Now, what.could be thought of ,the
navigator who would Ignqr^tie difference between .the north arid the south,
or the physician ,-who would', ignpr ,the
.difference between fcjod and. poison, or
the accountant who~ would' tghor* the
difference getween debit and credit or
the difference between asset and liability? Madness, you would say, and you
would be rlgh't. Well, in our social
judgment, in this age of science and
enlightenment, we treat the abundancy
of goods produced by Industry as
though that were the same thing as
the scarcity of land caused by an increase of population.
Permit me now to submit a question
of supreme importance: one on the
correct solution ot which depends the
success or failure of civilization and
the success or failure of religion.
When farmers make crops abundant,
when mechanics make machinery
abundant, and millions of other tollers
make all kinds ot goods abundant, it
Is universally conceded that these tollers have a right to a share In that
abundance. On this point public opinion is practically unanimous. But when
population gathers In any centre and
makes land scarce, If I hold the title
to that land is it according to the principles of justice, according to tho spirit
ot Christianity, that I should bo entitled to sny to my fellows, "A large
share of the abundance which you
have produced belongs to me, and only
a fraction ot that abundance belongs
to you. Do you think that Is the way
God intends us to divide the wealth
of the world? That those who produce
everything should receive in many
cases only a fragment of what they
produce, and that muse wuo produce
nothing should enjoy In many cases
overflowing fortunes.
If there Is any hesitation In the minds
of anyone as to the answer that ought
to bo returned to that question, let
me call his attention to what must
be the effect on society if we adopt
that method of dividing wealth.
Suppose for argument sake that one
of my ancestors acquired possession of
a few acres ot land in the centre of
New York city a hundred or two hundred years ago. At that time when
population was sparce and land abundant ho could say to those who wished
to ocupy that land, "Pay me a dollar
a year." As population increased he
could say, "Pay me ten dollars." As
it still further increased he could say,
"Pay me a thousand dollars a year,
After another Increase he could say
"Pay me a thousand dolars a year,
ten thousand dollars, fifty thousand
dollars, a hundred thousand dollars,"
and If I were heir to that estate and
the, land well situated for business I
could claim from the occupants five
hundred thousand dollars for every
acre In the estate. We would witness
eventually this monstrous phenomenon: the more these people paid me,
the more they would have to pay;
the more they paid the greater would
be their debt, the larger their obligation. It is a debt that paying never
pays. It is a debt that continues year
after year, generation after generation,
and age after age to the end of all
time. It is a debt that ever grows,
becoming larger and larger with every
Increase in the population and with
every Improvement in the mechanical
arts. It Is a relationship that severs
society in twain, placing on one part
the whole burden of maintaining civilization and then allowing, that part
but a fragment of its advantages,
.while I am relieved from all its obligations. . I need do nothing to support
riiyself of to support my fellows, and
I,am free of all obligation to do anything for tho support of government.
I am wholly exempt from all taxes:
It is a relation that ever drives the
two poles of society further'and further apart; labor always striving by
every device to achieve fortune, but
ever driven back close to the border
land of penury, crowded down into
stuffy tenements, lowly hovels, sweat
shops and slums till all the sweetness
and joy Is pressed out of life, while 1
am carried up into greater and greater
fortune, palaces with regal affiance,
wealth beyond the dreams of avarice,
beyond the possibility of honest acquisition, and often far beyond, the possibility of rational enjoyment; that in
that city of enormous wealth during
the bitter nights ot winter there maybe seen at the same moment tho gorgeous revelry of a Bradley-Martin ball,
with its extravagance so wasteful that
it smites the conscience ot the world
with its. wickedness, and at the same
time a file of men standing on Broadway through the long hours awaiting
the toll of the midnight hour that they
may secure a loaf of stale bread to
carry .home,to their famishing children
to keep them from starving. What a
sight in-a professedly Christian nation!_ ^justice enthroned, rlghteous-
brotherhood ot men nullified, the right,
of the] child of God to the gifts of God
Ignored, the right of the toiler to the
products of .his industry also denied,
the' printed claims of religion set at
naught and such conditions maintained
that they stand as an Impassable barrier to the coming of the kingdom ot
cod..   ;;■;;        ..""■-...,..-. -.-'    ■*:
How shall.we escape from this injustice and bring harmony In: place of
discord, unity In place of severance,
equity In the place of Injustice? Lift
up your eyes nnd behold tho multitude
ot tollers on the farm, In the factory,
at the forge, transporters by land or
sea and see them endeavoring by every
device of Ingenuity to fill up the storehouses to tiro nbunilnnee of repletion.
Measure the value ot their products
for0 the year and you. will find it
amounting to millions. Look ngaln at
the multitude gathered In some commercial centre and making land more
and more scarce. With every accretion
to the.population the value mounts up
higher and higher. The first value
iinoasures the wealth produced by Individual tollers, the second value, thnt of
the land, measures the value caused by
the conjoint presence of tho multitude.
Now permit me.lo ask you to do a
little thinking. Individuals by their
energy produce, goods: the community
by its presence cause the value of the
land. To whom should belong these
two values? It I put in the seed,' fertilize .the soil, fight off the weeds,
guard' the growing crop and fight off
the weevil, the cut worm and the locust^ to whom .should.the crop.belong?
In the name at everything'that is holy,
should,not' the product belong to the
producer, and.should'.not'the value of
the land belong to the community?
Let us once recognize this principle,
let us once adopt the method of never
wants to draw your attention
to what will appear in this
space next Saturday, that is
the 14th day of the Fourth-
month of the year of out
Lord 1900, when he will havo
the fiKKMST mm SALE of
Teas, tioflcm, Sugars, Kggs, Haras,'
llaton, Vickies, Sauces, Oranges,
Ms,file.  _^>
Special Prices for (his Day:
19 lbs. Granulated Sugar for
Java and Mocha Coffee—the
Best, at -Soe. per lb.
will find everything
that is NEW for
Dress Goods
Laces ,
Leather Goods
170 Cordova St,
Kish, Game, Fruit,  and
112 Cordova St.   TiroNR 442
F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.
Visiting members welcome. II. W. Find-
loy, \V. I'., Province olllce; S. R. KoUb,
W. S., World ollltj. "
taxing- a man for making an Improvement, but always confine our taxation
to those values which are caused by
the presence of the community or by
public Improvements, and then -what
would be the effect on society? No
longer would any man be able to say
to his fellows: "Give of the abundance
of your product." His power of injustice would be removed. Instead of
being able to demand from his fellows
the bulk of their product, he would
be compelled to come with his hands
laden with the abundance or his pro- •
duct and to say to them: "Benefit for
benefit, enrichment for enrichment.'*
Having thus established equity between- men,-having-securoa- tho -rlgtste-
of brotherhood, having removed the
forces that now put men In wrong- relationship towards one another, having;
removed the temptations that now
make men hard-fisted, cold-blooded,
selfish, grasping and covetous, having
established conditions that tend to develop everything that Is best In human
nature instead of worst as at the present day, what limits should we place
to the onward triumphant progress of
a now civilization and the rapid approach of that time by prophets foretold, that time for which martyrs bled
and for which Christ died, the time
when pence shall reign throughout the
earth and goodness shall triumph in
the hearts of men, tho coming ot tlm
Kingdom of God?
William Unlph, tho representative
for the Cleveland and Tribune blcyclex
In this city, Is too busy to talk. His
store Is full of blcyole buyers.
Dan, Stewart, tho Cordova street
tailor, who is an ex-dclegate of tke
tailors' union to the Trades council, has
a fine selection ot clothes for sprlnB
suits. Don't forget Dan. or the union
label when you want to buy a suit.
Butte lias the reputation  of being
the best organized town in the world.
You, can talk a whole, year over all
the long-distance telephones in Switzerland, -which cover.over 6,000. miles,
for $16, but it costs $10 tor a five minutes' talk over the-telephone-line between New Tork and Little Rock.. Tho
.reason Is: Switzerland, owns and controls her own telephone lines, and private corporations operate the American,
lines. . '    ' SATURDAY.  *��.��aVaratfa*k��r��'��**.  April T, 1900  THE INDEPENDENT  if INTERESTING SUBJECT  Carefully   Handled   by  Watson.  Mr.   J.   H.  Wages and Prolitsi rrom Whence Do Ttey Csae  Woi Discussed la Open  Meeting.  In the factory o�� which my broker  bought stock, workmen, thousands of  them, were at work. They have made  goods that had boon put on the market  ot the value of $7,000; out ot the $7,000  that that cloth is worth, my wage-  workers received $2,000 in wages, nnd  I receive the $5,000 as profit or dividends. Did I, who never put my foot  inside the mill; did I, who never put  my foot inside the city where it stood;  did J, who did not know how a machine  ' looks; did I, who contributed nothing  ���whatever towards producing those  goods; did I do any work whatever  toward producing those $5,000 that  - come to me? No man, with brains in  his head, can deny that those $7,000  are exclusively the product of the wage  workers in that mill. That out of the  wealth thus produced by them alone,  they get $2,000 in wages, and I, who  did nothing, get $5,000.  The wages these workers receive represent wealth that they have themselves produced, the profits, the capitalist pockets, represents wealth that  the wage workers produced, and that  the capitalist does what? Let us call  things by their proper names, and tell  the capitalist that he steals from the  men who earned the money he received,  and therefore is a robber.  Some may ask: No doubt the stock  holder does no work, and hence lives  on the wealth we produce; no doubt  these share holders have a title that  only emphasises their Idleness by a  swindle, and, consequently, they are  nothing but sponges on the working  class. But did not your own illustration start with the supposition, that  the capitalist in quesion had $100,000?  Is not his original capital entitled to  some returns? This question opens an  c    important one.  I will let you now into the secret  which I hid at the commencement,  namely, whence does this original capital or original accumulation come?  Does it grow on the capitalist like hair  on his face, or his fingers and toes?  Does he secrete it as he secretes sweat  from his body? Let me give you one  illustration of many.  Before the present governor, the  governor ot New York was Levi Parsons Morton. The gentleman must be  known to most of you by reputation.  Besides having been governor of the  state, he was once vice-president of  the United Suites, and also at one time  minister of finance. 'Mr. Morton is a  leading gentleman, he wears the best  of broadcloth; his shlrtbosom Is ot  spotless white; his .nails are trimmed  by manicurists; he uses the best of  language; he has front pews In a number ot churches; he Is a pattern ot  moraIity,law, order; and he is a multo-  milllonaire capitalist. .How did he get  his start milllonaireward? Mr. Morton being a republican, I shall refer  you to a republican Journal, the New  .York Tribune, for the answer to/thls  interesting question. fJ  The Tribune  of  the day after Mr.  Morton's  nomination for governor  in  1894 gave  his biography.     There    we  are Informed-that Mr. Morton was born  in New Hampshire of poor parents, he  was   industrious;   he  was   cleVer;   he  was  pushing, and lie settled, a poor  young man, in New York City, when  in 18G0, mark the date, he started a  clothing establishment,  then, in rapid  succession, we are informed, he failed,  and���"started a bank."   A man may  start almost any kind of shop, without  a cent, if the landlord gives him credit-  for the  rent;   and  if the brewer, the  shoe  manufacturer,   the  cigar manufacturer, etc., give him credit for the  truck, he may start a saloon, a shoe  shop, a cigar shop,  etc.,  without any  cash; do business and pay off his debts  with   the  proceeds of  his  sales.    But  there Is one shop he cannot start In  that way.    That shop Is the banking  shop.    For that he must have cash on  . hand.    He can   no  more shave notes  without money than he can shave whiskers without razors.    Now,  then,  the  man who just previously stood up be-  fore a notary public and swore, so  help  him, God, he had no money to pay his  creditors.  Immediately after,  (without  having  in  the meantime married an  heiress) has' money enough to start a  bank on!   Where did he get it?   Read  the biographies of any of our founders  of capitalist concerns by the torchlight  of this biography,,and you will find  them all to be essentially the same, or  .suggestively silent upon the doings of  the man  during the period   that   he  gathers his original accumulation.   You  will  find   that original'.'capital: to  be  the  child  of  fraudulent failures- and  fires,  of  high-handed  crime;of some  sort or other, or of the sneaking crime  of appropriating trust funds.etc.   With  such  original   capital���gotten  by  dint  ���ot such cleverness, push aid Industry���  ns  a weapon,   the original-capitalist  proceeds  to llecce the .working class,  that has been less Industrious, pushing and clever than he.  It he consumes  all  his fleecings,  his capital  remains  of. Its original size In his hands, unlcs9  some    other   gentleman of the  road,  ���gifted with greater Industry, push and  cleverness than he, comes around and  relieves him of it, It he consumes not  tthe whole of> his fleecings, his capital  moves upward���mllllonward.  I think my first point is clearly proved, that labor alone produces all  wealth.  "Wages are that part ot labor's own  product that "the working class is allowed to keep; profits are the presei't  and running stealings perpetrated by  the capitalist .upon' the working man  from day to day,' from week to week,  month' to nionth, and year to year;  capital Is the accumulated past stealings^ .the capltallst.cornerstonea upon  his original accumulations.'1: ���   . " ���:�����  Which of you falls now to understand,  or would still deny that, not  the capitalist supports the working-  man, but the workingman supports  the capitalist; or still holds that the  workingman could not- exist without  the capitalist?'  The second point, on which It Is absolutely necessary that we be clear  upon. Is the nature ol your relation,  ns working people, to the capitalist In  this system of production. I will refer  to this briefly as I deluycd too long  on the first point.  You have seen that the wages you  live on, nnd the profits the capitalists  riots in, arc the two parts Into which  l�� divided the wealth you produce. The  worklngmun wants a larger and larger share,  so does  the capitalist.     A  thing cannot be divided Into two shares  so as  to Increase the share of each.  If the workingman produces   say   $4  per day of wealth and  the capitalist  keeps $2, there are only $2 left for the  working man, It the capitalist secures  $11 for his share, the working man gets  but one.  Inversely, if the workingman  pushes up his share from $2 to $;i there  are only $1 left for the capitalist, and  If the worker makes up his mind to enjoy all that he produces and keeps the  $4, "the capitalist will have to go to  work."   These plain figures upset the  theory  about  the  working man  and  capitalist    being   brothers.     Capital,  meaning the capitalist class, and labor  have been portrayed by capitalist illustrated  papers as Chang and  Eng.  These were the names of the Siamese  twins.   These twins were held together  by a piece of flesh.   Wherever Sha��g  went Eng was sure to go; If Shangwas  happy, Eng's pulse  throbbed harder;  if Shang caught cold, Eng sneezed in  chorus with   him;   when  Shang died,  Eng followed suit within five minutes.  Do we find, that to be the relation of  the working man and  the capitalist?  Do you find, that the fatter tne capitalist, the fatter also grow the working men?   Is not your experience rath-"  er, that the wealthier the capitalist, the  poorer are  the  working men?    That  the more magnificent and prouder the  residence of the capitalist, the dingier  and  humbler becomes  those    of    the  working man?   That the happier the  life ot the capitalist's wife, the greater  the opportunities of his for enjoyment  and education, the heavier becomes the  cross borne by the working man's wife,  while thlr children are crowded more  nnd more from the schools and deprived of the pleasures of childhood?   Is  that your experience or Is It not?  The pregnant point that underlies  these facts is that, between the>work-  ing class and the capitalist class, there  Is an irrepresslble'confllct, a class  struggle for life. It crops up In,all sorts  of ways and manner of ways, ���'it is a  struggle that will not down, and must  be ended only by either, the total subjugation of the working class, or the  abolition of the capitalist 'class.  How shall we alter this state of  things. Every thing has been tried,  but the one most sensible, and that  is the seizure of the legislation by the  producers, and make, laws that will  bring this state of things about. Until  this Is done we shall be grovelling at  the feet of the capitalist, begging from  him that which is yours by right, and  which can be yours If we stand to our  principles on election day, and not be  gulled by the people who are only  gulling you that they may rob you.  LACROSSE �� BMf ET  Mr. A. E. Suckling on the Eve of His  Departure.  The Annual Meeting a Great Success-Officers  fleeted for the Year and Reports  Adopted.  WHAT RUSICIN DID WITH HIS  MONEY.  The late John Buskin was born rich  and died poor. He inherited nearly  $1,000,000. This table shows what he  did with some of it: Lost by bad investments, $100,000; gave to poor relations. $S5,000; forgave a debt of $70,000;  Gave Sheffield and Oxford art Institutions, $70,000; miscellaneous gifts and  losses, $400,000. -Keally the sums Ituskin spent were much greater than this,  for most of his large Income and the  money that came from enhancement  In value of his property all went the  same way���probably over $1,000,000 in  all. Ruskin also used In like ways  tho receipts from his book copyrights;  and these���contrary to general supposition���were considerable. "Sesame  and Lilies" has for years averaged a  paying sale of 7,000 copies a year, and  his other books are constant sellers.  Ruskin believed that no man should  accept interest, but so far broke his  own rule as to arrange for a life income of $1,800 a year from a fund of  $C0,O00. r,IIe also reserved $15,000 to be  spent in Ya'uusinS himself in Venice  or elsewhere." "If a bachelor can't  live on $1,800 a year he deserves to die,"  said this grand old man who had given  away_$l,000,000._^ -   WIT AND  WISDOM.  Mrs. Ncwlywed (to Chinese cook,  whom she has just hired)���You see,  my husband is so very particular about,  his food. i    : c ,  John Chinaman���Husblends allee  samee. Me no sawee 'tlcular. Husblends say me no good.   Ale no care.  "I "should like to see a nice fat  goose," said a customer, entering the  butcher shop. ,���  "Yes, sir,", nnswered the boy, "fath-  er'll be here directly."  Here Is a story which Baron Dowse,  the celebrated Irish Judge, once told In  that exaggerated "brogue," which he  so loved to employ: 'T was down In  Cork last '.month holding assizes. On  the first day, when the Jury came In,  the officer of the court sald.''Olntle-  men av the Jury, ye'll take yer nccus-  tomed plncos, If ye plnzc' And may  I never laugh again," snld the Baron,  "if they didn't nil walk Into the dock."  Perplexed waiter to expectant customer���Are you a mutton chop or a  boiled cod, sir?  "'������-..  MUSICAL ENTERTAINMENT.  A choir recital under the direction  of Mr. George Dyke will be given on  Monday, April 16th, in the First Presbyterian church. The programme Is  exceptionally good. ' The following  artists are taking,part: Mrs. Walter  Nlcol, Mrs. Roslna K.'Burke, Mrs. A.  B. Coftcn, Miss Machln, Mr." Colllster,  Mr. Allan Seymour, Mr.- Wm. McNeill;  P. w. Dyke, 'cello; .Gemot, d'Albert,-  violinist; Mr. Cronshaw, clarionet, a  chorus of fltty voices, and MIbs Fraser  and Mr. Walter Evans, accompanists.  Admission free. Collection in aid of  the church funds.  Vancouver's pioneer lacrosse player,  Mr. A. E. Suckling, was tendered a  dinner on Tuesday night by the Lacrosse Club. It was held at the Merchants' Exchange, when some 40 members of the club sat.down at the table  to do the "square thing", for "Bones."  Mr. Suckllnc left Saturday for the  East, where he has accepted a lucrative position as traveller for Brenner  Bros., the well-known tobacco and cigar manufacturers of London,' Ontario.  President George Bartley acted as  Toastmastc-r. Mr. W. H. Quann, the  Vice-President, filled the Vice Choir  In his usual genial manner. Immediately on the right of the Chairman  were seated the guest of the evening,  Secretary Matt Barr, Harry Brown and  W. Brown, the latter gentleman of the  second twelve. To the left ot the President sat D. A. Smith, Secretary of  the British Columbia Lacrosse Association, and Dr. McNaughton. The menu  was the best of this well-known and  popular hostelry.       . ,,������..  . The toast of Her Majesty the Queen  was drunk heartily, after which Mr.  Bartley toasted the Army and Navy,  and as he said, In view of the fact that  we are at present In the throes of a  War, and that Canadians are at all  times loyal, he would couple with it  the name of that sturdy member of  the Veteran's .League and wearer of  his country's medal,- Mr. James Wish-  art. In rising Mr. Wishart was greeted with cheers, and made a most eloquent speech, giving a brief sketch of  the different campaigns through the  Riel Rebellion.  "Our National Game" was proposed  and responded to by a large number.  The Chairman said that he was sanguine of the success of Vancouver's  twelve the coming season. They had  met here In honor of a most worthy  guest. Everbody must be right at home  as this gathering was supposed to be  a thorough lacrosse "At Home."  ��� His Worship Mayor Garden, owing  to a previous engagement, was unable  to be present, but he wished Mr. Suckling every success. Treasurer Fagan  wished it stated also that he was unable to be present, he being in Victoria.  Among those who responded'to-"Our  National Game" were, and who added  little interesting stories full of reminiscences and good cheer, were such old-  timers as J. A. Smith, D. A. Smith, E.  A. Quigley, J. Hawman, W. Brown, Dr.  McNaughton, C. Hermon, W. Johnson  and a number-of others. ���  VANCOUVER'S VETERAN CAPTAIN  James A. Smith gave the.boys some  pointers, and hoped all were prepared  to fall in line that year from the very  start; if they did they would win. He  was not sure that he,was Mr. Suckling's junior on the lacrosse field. He  and "Boney" were, at any rate, old-  timers. He hoped his old friend would  soon return.���  - Secretary Barr thmught that our business men should, when vacancies occur, assist some of our best players by  giving them employment, if the Players were able to fulfil the duties- required of them. This would go a long  way in fostering healthy lacrosse In  this Province. The Lacrosse Club was  averse to paying players, as it savored  too much of the professional. Several  of our best players In times gone by  were compelled to leave the City and  go elsewhere In search of employment.  The genial Secretary had a good word  for the guest of the evening, and was  sorry at his departure. Prospects for  lacrosse were brighter this year than  ever before. , .  ���Mr. W. Brown, of the second twelve,  made some timely and hopeful remarks.  The juniors were sorry that "Boney"  Suckling was going to leave them.  The toast of the evening followed,  Mr. Bartley calling upon the Vice, who  made some very Impressive remarks.  Mr. Quann remarked that not only was  "Bones" a very dear friend of his, but  was undoubtedly the father of lacrosse  In   British^ Columbiaj Mr. Suckling  possessed the confidence of the players in a way no other captain or leader  had. He knew personally of several  Instances wherein their guest had put  himself out even to the extent of possibly jeopardizing positions which he  had held, through his devotion to the  game. He knew also, as did everyone  'else present, how.. Mr. Suckling had always been ready to put fire into and  encourage the younger players. His  departure from among us Was a loss  to lacrosse, as there was but one  "Boney" Suckling. Mr. Quann concluded by saying: "Vancouver should  win this year's championship; If you  do, or If you are In-the-load during  July or the early part ot August, the  Club should try conclusions with the  Eastern teams."  >D, A, Smith also testified to "Boney's"  sterling wor'h, and remarked that  many were the times he and the distinguished guest Played all that were  in-them.on t'\e field together. They  had won and lost, and lost and won so  often that theirs wer�� a legion of honor.  One by onetho old-timers were dropping out, and it remained as a duty  to their successors to take up the stick  and keep winning- the games. Dave  said that the h.ipplest and most, interesting times ot his life were when he  and the redoubiable "Bones" were  playing for the honor of Vancouver  and th�� Club thf�� very hardest of  games.  Dr. McNaughton spoke of the old  Cornwall days and was pleased to be  present.  At this juncture .president Bartley,  In a few pointed and'ltHncere remarks,  presented Mr. Suckling-; as a' memento  'of the occasion on behalf of the Club.  with a pair of gold cuff-links, enamel-  'led" with'lacrosse aiicks ��id engraved,  "Presented to A. E. Suckling," and with  a pin, a circle set in small jewels supporting the monogram, "V. L. C." in  scroll work.  These pieces of valuable jewellery  were the work of George E. Trorey,  which alone speaks for their beauty.  The President said that the i'��alpU��u  of these tokens of esteem was entitled  to them beyond measure for the way  he fostered and worked fo diligently  for lacrosse In Vancouver. Mr. Suckling was always ready to lend a helping hand, not only to the seniors, but  the Juniors as well. It was a pleasure  to ask him to receive tho presents In  the spirit In which they were given.  After wishing him every success, thoso  present applauded.  For a few'moments Mr. Suckling was  unable to catch his breath, but when  he did he  made a very suitable and  feeling  reply.    He   thanked   everyone  from the bottom of his heart for their  kindness, and stated that he was now  too old  to  change    his  home    town.  Whether In the East or In the West,  he was  to  the   core a Vancouverlte.  "Boney" told of a number of prominent men who were In their day and  generation   lacrosse   ��nthusiasts   and  Players, among them being Colonel Otter and Colonel Sam Hughes, now In  South Africa.   He always took a deep  interest In the game because he could  not help It.   The Juniors must not be  forgotten, as they all had been Juniors  once.   It was a source of gratification  to know occasionally that one was appreciated for what he had done In his  own  humble  way.    Vancouver would  always have a.green spot In his heart,  and he said that he would endeavor to  keep up the dignity of Vancouver at  his end of the Canadian Pacific Railway, if Mr. Quann and those present  would do the same at the other.   He  hoped that the boys of this year's team  would be far enough advanced on the  schedule series to warrant them making an Eastern tour and bringing home  with  them, the honor of victors.    He  thanked every one from the bottom of  his heart for this kind reception ���  ���  Bud Mulligan,.Ken.Campbell, <E. A  Quigley, George Macdonald and others  also testified  to Mr. Suckling's worth  and regretted his departure.   One wag  suggested that they would assure Mr  Suckling that he need not walk back  to Vancouver; that they would see that  he arrived back  in  a varnished car.  George    Farron    recited  a poem    on  'Bones,     Good   Old     Bones,"    which  brought down the house, to use a stage  expression, as follows:  There's a pretty Dusky man,  I Which' is Bones;  Play lacrosse? Yer 'bet he can,  Can't yer, Bones?  If tho referee ain't thcro  He'll double up a pair  And the other ten he'll scare,  Won't yer.  Bones?  4'*  "Wo litivo the exclusive  SKellinjr agency of tho . .  PACKARD SHOE and tlie . ..  fcu'iriVi ��J1C ,,Vll,lios tho 1)ost t,,oro is ���'��� yIl0{-'s   lAlUhl! SHOES Jitive for vcurs been pre-eminently  the distinct leaders in the" United States, and in introducing them we feel as though they were not an  experiment, but in reality the BEST SHOE manu-  j.?��d-    Wo ,lftv0 t,M-n'1 in aI1 stylus and leathers  "t-kM,ierPi te. mills* ��***  AEwaus Give Best Results in Bearing  Fruit, Etc."        See our window for Spray rumps,  1'riming  Knives, Pruning Saws and everything else that is  needed for the purpose.  Dciiin ��> Co.,\  (MMITKD.)  8,10,12 Cordova Street, and 8,10  Water Street. Vancouver,  "rontStreet,Ailin, B.C.  Then 'erc's to.Bones, fcaldheaded,.  ���Good old Bones, Bones, Bones!  He's a horse that won't be beddefi  '��� Sporty Bones, Bones, Bones!  He's the peach of all the gang,  Before he'd! quit "He'd  hang���  And you bet the fire-bell rang  Just then, Bones.  If yer wants to see. lacrosse  i '   Eyes on Bones,  If yer wants to be the boss,  Play with Bones. *"  For he'll help yer to the iball.  Play selfish? not-at. all, ���  And he's got an awful gall.  Has old Bones.  When he bumps against his check,       '  Husky Bones,  He gen'raly comes on deck.  No broken bones,  But the other man, he's there  A' standing on his hair, ���  And they've got to  give him air���  Well,  he checked Bones.  -Taint the only game he plays,  Is it Bonos.  Sometimes 'taint only days,  You're out Bones.  He's willing for a time  And though the word don't rhyme,  He'll put you all to bed  Will old Bones.  And ho never quit a friend,  Did yer Bones?  He's with, yer to the end,  . Ain't yer Bones?  If yer gets Into a scrap  You may lick the other chap.  If yer don't he's off the map.  Licked by Bones.  Then hero's to Bones haldhcaded;  Good old Bones, Bones, Bones;.  For God's sake, don't get wedded  You husky old man, Bones.  This ain't no bloomin' ode.  But you've helped us get our load,  And for big "stand-offs" bestowed,  Bless yer, Bones.  ���Johnny-Fraser,-the-famlliar- trainer  of the team, being asked to say something, said It all In "Bones is all right."  H. Brown and G. E. Macdonald valiantly championed the '.oast of the Ladies, while on behalf of the Press several gentlemen had their little say.  The Independent Joins in wishing  Mr. Suckling every success.  | rirtn SEwi-AN&iUL sale  Is Now on in Full Mast at Less Than Wholesale  Prices.    Come early.  'rices.  -r.  ���. r. FOREMAN  Opposite Market Hull.  420 Westmins-  9     ter Avenue.  99^pecccccccccccceBBCBoocceeepooceoceececcc9cce���Ci&  ���  % Cleveland anil  Tribune  SOLE AGENT,  24 Cordova St.  The annual meeting of the lacrosse  club Was held Thursday night. The  various reports' were received, which  showed the club to be In a healthy condition.  Officers were clected'as follows:  Hon..'president���J. D. Hall.  President���George Bartley.  First vice-president���W. II. Quann.  Second vice-president���It.   Mulligan.  Field captain���W. Jl. Quann.  Club cnptnln���J. J. Reynolds.  Secretary���M. J. Barr.  Assistant secretary���W. A. Brown,  Treasurer���J.   E.   Fagan.  Executive���Dr. McNaughton, C. W.  Murray, Alec Allan, Mr. Alllngham, B.  A. Smith, Ken Campbell.  Club house committee���Matheson,  Larwlll, Cowan and W. O-Ilir.  Delegates to Brockton Point association���George Macdonald and J. B. Fagan (re-elected.)  See the line of fmiey  Worsted Suitings  we nrc slinuliif? (his month. They nru the  In test iiti(torn��, unit will ho rut, imulu timl  trhniiK'il. Tliu very best ko*hK tuid the rheup-  e.sl, uoi is Intent with flrs(-chi��s woikmiiut-hip.  UNION DIRECTORY.  VANCOUVER THA'DBS AND-(LABOB  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, J. H. Watson; secretary J  C Marshall, p. o. box 15!); -financial seoL  retary, F. Williams; treasurer. C. "R.  Monck; statistician. W. "MacUiln- ser-  Scant-at-arms. W. Davis. Parliamentary  ccirmlttce���Chairman. John Pearey; secretary, J. arorton. Meeting���First ana  third Friday in each month, at 7.30 p. m..  in Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  Hcmer streets.  TA^COU'R-TYPOGRArHICAL-UNION,-  No. 228, meets the last Sundnv In eaobj  month at Union, hall. President, ,E. !��.-  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. Marshall-  secretary, J. F. Wntkins; P. O. box ��6-  trensurcr, w. Brand; sergeant-at-arms"  Guss J. Dunn: executive committee���  Chairman, J. C. Marshall; Geo. Wilby,  C. S. Campbell, G. T. Dtitton, W. Aun~  strong. Delegates to the Trades and Labor council, J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby. C.  Q   Campbell.  Some of uhe British Columbian Chinese eseem to bo making East, in which'  movement .many here will wish them'  good speed, as the sooner that Eastern,  Canada learns something practically of  the.Chinese problem the better. ,A  party of 42 Chinamen is said to have  been lately at Toronto, hoping sometime to cross over to the United States  on the quiet. ' Four of them -were," however,' lately caught in the act at Buffalo,  nfari. Stewart,  130 Cordova St.  Clubb & Stewart  IstlieiilnciMopiirchnMM'niir line ttirn-  J.��11 i 11K���-iiml clothlnc.   Thu liitcbl  Htyloi in   .  HATS:  Arc now on exhibition at our store,  160 Cordova St.  TEL. 7IB.  IINION-MADE BREAD  *"*   * , FOR TUE PEOPLE.  Wngons will call ��t miy part of the city;  prompt ttttontlon mill civility ��t all times; give  us a trial itnd Iks satisfied.  SUPERIOR   BA.KKRY,  DECKERT & TIETZE    , -     -      Proprietors  Corner Sufferln and Fifth Avenue.  Telephone 709.  mperial   Hotel  IWIIRK NKW MA.NWHI'MKNT.  CAKliOI. .1 COXWAY,     -     .      Proprietors.  UinlcL'it ofw liquor-, KiikIMi and homo  iriintlh ill nli>4 iiml pnrti'r, llnc-i domestic anil  ImportedcIl'iip.,with ilr-i-clavifroulunchcvunr  day.   HATKS-ll adny; liimrdHiiil ror     "  neck.  Till-Is tlie most  like hntul In tlii'i-Kv  room, fr> i_  oinforpible and home-  135 Water Street,  VANCOIACR, a. c  -v*1  LVNCIIK.1 l'UT IT.  CATKKIXH A srHCIAJ.TY.  </*"   Confectioner*  A full line of C'onfkctiokkry anil  ./ PAbTIIIKS.     '    >   ..'.      -*.  Ice Cream Delivered.  413 Hastings Street  Vascouveb, B. CS <fr'  THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY April 7, 1900  ^OYEBJSHEST INTERVIEWED  Manitoba Workers Press for Reform  Legislation.  The following delegation waited upon Air. Hugh J. 'MacdonuUI and his  ���ministers lust week at Winnipeg, as reported by the Voice: Messrs. J. T.  Mortimer, "Win. Scott, C. Haiti, K. Hel.s-  worlh, 12. AW Hague. It. Nicholson, A.  T. Coutts, II. Mason, .1. W. Street, 11.  Howells, O. Dales, It. Underwood, J.  "Bye and C. C. Steuurt.  air. Win. Scott Introduced the dele-  Bates and-Mr. .1. T. Mortimer expltiln-  i"d the object of their visit to be the  Becuring of better protection for workmen and employees generally in the  discharge of their duties, according to  one of the planks In the Conservative  platform, which declared Tor better  protection of workmen. He referred  to the Great West iLoundry accident  in which a young girl lost her life,  and emphasized the necessity of more  stringent laws in this regard, especially in the way of covering for the machinery ami better sanitary -conditions.  Also the forbidding of child labor and  the limiting of the hours of labor to  forty-eight per week. He desired to  Bee the government put an end to the  sweating system, and more stringent  laws established regarding holidays.  He advised the appointment of a salaried inspector to see that such laws  .were lnforced. The employment of  ���children was a great evil, and a serious  menace to the country. No child should  �����"Jm_' allowed to work under fourteen  years of age. Copies of tlie act should  ���lie posted up ia all factories, and any  informant as to violation of the act  should be protected by secrecy.  Mr. J. Bye endorsed Mr. Mortimer's  views, and emphasized the evil of underground workshops as unhealthy,  ���and stated cases.In which he had seen  employees working in places ankle  deep in filth. ��  Mr. Macdonald���Do these evils exist  in Winnipeg? <>  Mr. Win. Scott replied that such was  the case, and cited cigar factories as  an example. Girls were working in  places where the dirt bred maggots.  Messrs. G. Dales and C.'C Steuart  hlso expressed similar views, and emphasized the desire of the workingmen  (Jor some better legislation.  A LABOR BUREAU.  Mr. Scott spoke at length on the establishment of a labor bureau, for  which the worklngmen's '��� unions had  been calling for years in vain, as the  city council Would not move in the  jnatter. There were many private  agencies of this class, but the abuses  connected with them were-astonishing  and disgraceful. He wished to see the  government appoint capable officials to  supervise a labor bureau and have it  run on fair principles', ft could be run  at a cost of about $3,000 a year.  Mr. Scott also outlined a most useful  function for'the bureau in the collec-  Ing of information as to the condition  of the labor market In all parts of the  province, and keeping the central office in Winnipeg well posted on the  subject. He.also thought the officers of  municipalities could be largely utilized  for the work, remarking that both the  government and the C. P. R, already  at certain times of the year in a yol-  .���aifitary and wholly unsystematic way.  undertake the work. ���-,,  Mr. Haitt followed, emphasizing the  zH>ed, in the' Interests of the wage  -worker, of a bureau. He also thought  that by the official sanction given to a  contract ratified in a public department of the government, that the collection of wages would be made easier  and simpler, believing that great  wrong was often indicted on employees in this connection. ������'''.���.,  Mr. C. C. Steuart assured the ministers that the proposal was not a novel  one, and related at some length that a  former city council was unanimous in  favor of establishing such an institution in.conjunction with the provincial  government. The existing system was  a gross Imposition on the poorest and  ���most helpless kind of laboring citizen  who alone was taxed for the privilege  of working and often deceived in the  bargain.  Mr. H. Mason spoke to the question,  relating the history of the negotiations  between the council and the late provincial government promising to supply a copy of the measure drafted at  that time.  Mil.   MAODONALD'S   REPLY.  Premier Macdonald  in    reply stated  act in the course of preparation, based  on the Ontario act.  Hon. D. Hi aicFadden addressed the  delegation briefly, and seconded Mr.  Macdonald's views on the matter, saying that he would assist him all he  could to secure the de-sired legislation.  lh"arHe_h"ad"b"eeinirna"ware���of~tHe"evils  mentioned by the delegates, especially  in regard to sweat shops and cellars.  He heartily accorded with their views  and would be glad to see some such  legislation as suggested carried Into  effect. Many of the points raised were  new to him and would require careful  consideration. He strongly favored the  better protection of employees and In  **U�����Labor  lact us-reed'. wllh the general tenor of  the act which the speakers had outlined. The appeal on behalf of the women and children was an appropriate  and timely, one, and he hoped to see  better sanitary conditions established  in the future for such employees,  ���whose duties were often so arduous.  lie would do ail he could to have the  evils righted.  An lo the labor bureau, the proposal  ���Wus new and he did not care to make  any promise In regard to it without  careful consideration. He would not  jnakc a promise he did not intend to  icarry out, and without more consideration he would not make  .any pledges In this regard. He  "sknew evils existed and he would  like to see them remedied, but  (wanted time to consider, as to the best  remedy. The city council should be interested In the scheme, and If any aid  ���were necessary the governmnt and the  council should work together in the  matter. He would go further Into the  jnatter and if legislation could be secured he would do so. Arrangements  could be made to prevent workmen being sent on a wild goose chase as was  often the case at present. He would  be pleased to receive such delegations  at any time and get-the views of the  labor people on the subjects affecting  them.   He had an employer's liability  CONTRACT LAHOR LAW,  The struggle in Htltlsh Columbia between capital and labor, will probably  occupy the attention of parliament at  no distant date, says the Voice.  Mr. JS. P. Kremner, of New Denver,  B. C, Is at present in the capital In the  Interests of the Western Federation of  Labor, in which organization'"about  1,500 miners of tlie Bloenn and adjoining districts, hold membership. Before  coming to Ottawa Mr. Bremner visited  the principal mining centres In Minnesota and other western states, and  after explaining tlie nature of the dllll-  culty In British Columbia to them, lie  secured "��� their sympathy and support  and several who had signed contracts  to work in Canada, refused on his explanation to take the positions occupied by Canadians. The latter, however, complain that large numbers o"  Austrlans and Hungarians are being  imported from Michigan - and western  Ontario. The men take the work at a  lower rate than the Canadian miners,  as they are able to live cheaper.  'Mr. Bremner pays a tribute to the  stand taken by the Canadian Pacific  railway officials in the matter. While  American roads were granting reduced  rates to contractors to .bring in foreign  labor to British Columbia the Canadian  road refused to sanction such a step,  thus protecting to a degree the Canadian laborers.  Simultaneous with the arrival in Ottawa of the Western Federation man,  petitions came in from the mining  towns urging the passage of a contract  labor law. As. most people now know  the alien labor law Is but a bogey; It  accomplishes what was intended it  should, because it was intended to accomplish nothing. When this act was  first introduced to parliament it was in  satisfactory shape, and its aim was to  prevent the importation of labor under  contract. Events in. British Columbia  have demonstrated how necessary and  beneficial such a law would be, and  the miners want it considered. Since  the big strike was endedin the mining'  industry agents ot the mining companies have been busy in the northwestern states, going as far as Minnesota, and the city of Duluth, engaging men, and other than United States  citizens, to go to the British Columbia  mines. And this in spite ��f the fact  that there are 'now far; more miners  in that country than there is work for.  If this continues long It simply means  that our Canadian miners will be driven out of Canada and ��� in their place  we shall, have a foreign population.  In pressing their claims and petitions  on parliament the facts and conditions  have been reviewed on behalf of the  Federation,' in part to the following  effect:   .   "-��� !." '"'  "In the Kootenays of B. C. we employ probably in the neighborhood of  about 3,000 mine workers, besides the  large' class of those directly drawing  employment from these. Of this class  asjjci^t'ermlned through our organlza-  tlbnsMabqut two-thirds are "citizens of  Canada,' most of them being natural  born, yet some by nauralization. Of  the mine managers; in siocan about  two-thirds are citizens of ihe United  States.  his rights? Imagine everybody governing! Can you fancy a city directed  by the men who built it? They are the  team, not the coachman. What a godsend is a rich man who takes charge  ot everything! Surely he Is generous  to take this trouble tor us. And then  he was brought up to It; he knew  what It Is; It Is his business. A guide  Is necessary for us. Being poor, We  ure Ignorant; being Ignorant, we are  blind; we need a guide. But why are  we Ignorant? lleouuse It must be so.  Ignorance Is the guardian of virtue!  He who is ignorant is innocent! It Is  not our duty lo think, complain, or  reason. 0 ,  Be reasonable, poor man. You were  made to be a slave. ��� ��� '    t>  Not to be a slave is to dare and do.  AMERICAN   FEDERATION  OF LABOR  PLATFORM.  1. Compulsory education.  2. Direct legislation, through the initiative and referendum,  3. A legal work day of not more than  eight hours.  4. Sanitary/inspection of workshop,  mine and home.  5. Liability of employers for' injury  to health, body or life.  C.   The abolition of the contract system in all public works.  t, 1.   Tlie abolition ot the sweating system.  S. The municipal ownership of street  cars, waterworks, gas and electric  plants for the public distribution of  light, heat and power.  !). The nationalization of the telegraph, telephone, railroads and mines.  10. The abolition of the monopoly  system of land holding and substitution therefore a title of occupancy and  use only.  11. Repeal of conspiracy and penal  laws affecting seamen and other workmen incorporated in the federal and  state laws of the United States.  . 12. The abolition of the monopoly  privilege of issuing money and substituting therefor a system of direct issuance to and by the people.  VICTOR HUGO'S LETTER TO THE  .  POOR.  Shall I now speak to the poor, after  in vain having implored the rich? Yes,  it is fitting. This,;then, have I to'say  to the disinherited: Keep a watch on  your formidable jaw. There Is one  rule for the rich���to do nothing, and  one for the poor���to.say nothing. The  poor have but one friend���silence. They  should have but one monosyllable: Yes.  To confess and to concede���this Is all  the ���'rights" they have. "Yes" to the  judge; "Yes" to the King. The��great,  if it so please them, gives us blows  with a stick. I have had them. It is  their prerogative, and they lose nothing of their greatness ln; cracking our  bones. Let us worship the septre,  which is the first among sticks.  If a poor man is happy "he is the  pickpocket of happiness. Only the rich  and noble are happy by right. The  rich man is he who, being young, has  the rights of old age; being'old, the  ���Jucky chances of youth; vicious the  respect .of gopd_pegple,_a_cow,ard..the  command of the stout-hearted; doing  nothing, the fruits of labor.'  ���The people fight. Whose is the  glory? The King's. They pay. Whose  the magnificence? The King's. And  the people like to be rich in this fashion. Our ruler, King or Croesus, receives from the poor a crown, a piece  and renders back to the poor a farthing. How generous lie Is! The colossal pedestal looks up the the pigmy  superstructure. How tall the mannl-  kln Is! He Is upon my back. A dwarf  has an excellent method ot being higher than a giant; It is to perch lilmself  on the other's shoulders. But that the  giant should let him do It, there's the  odd part of It; and that he should honor  the baseness ot the dwarf, there's the  stupidity.   Human lngenlousness.  The equestrian salute, reserved for  king alone, is an excellent type of royalty. Let us be frank with words.  The capitalist who steals the reward  .oif labor Is a king as well as a man  of blood. The king mounts himself on  the horse. The horse Is the, people.  Sometimes this horse transforms himself by degrees. At the beginning he  is an ass; at the end he Is a lion. Then  he throws his rider to the ground, and  we have 164*1 In England and 178!) in  France, and sometimes he devours him,  In which case we have In England 1649  and in France 1793.  That the lion can'again become a  jackass, this is surprising but a fact.  What happiness to be again ridden  andbeaten and starved! What happiness to work for even for bread and  Water! What happiness to be free from  the delusions that cake is good and life  other than misery. Was there anything  more crazy than these Ideas? Where  should we be 1�� every vagabond had  POLITICAL CAPITAL.  The Voice says that we have men in  Canada, newspapers also, who would  make political capital out of a dead  grandmothers' body or a cholera bacillus, and it is quite a little job keeping the partizan flies off the member  for Winnipeg. The Grit wasps and  honey bees, not less than the Tory blue  bottles. To illustrate. In conversation the other day we ventured the  profound remark that "There was lots  of grit in Arthur." One in our audience started, and, construing the word  in the specific rather than in the generic sense, wanted to know if the gov-  ernriient had any string on him. This  is carrying things too far. and reflects  on both the intelligence and loyalty of  any professed supporter. What Is really worrying the partizan. Is: the fact  that Mr.;- Puttee.; has ploughed a  straight furrow in line with his avowed  principles and; platform, and they cannot without lying or garbling make  any party capital^but of him. We say  plainly the man who has voted for Mr;  Puttee, thinking his vote or influence  Would strengthen either party In a  party sense, has backed the wrong  horse.  ,,  porary long life and much prosperity.  From a mechanical point of view it  does infinite credit to the publisher,  and in a literary sense commends admiration.���The Vancouver World.  To-day marks the birth of a very  modest sheet known as The Independent. It has been stated as Is modestly announced In its columns "because  its promoters believe there Is a field  for It." a popular Idea of ambitious  proprietors of all new sheets. The  paper will be devoted to labor interests and the doings of all labor unions  will be carefully followed and recorded.  It Is to be published weekly and should  be a successful venture. The Province  welcomes the new enterprise, and hopes  to see it gain a firm foothold in the  Held In Vancouver.���The Province.  The new Vancouver paper, The Independent, made Its first appearance In  the stores and on the streets yesterday.  It is a good clean sheet, devoted chiefly to labor Interests, but Its editor,  Mr. George Bartly, Is unable to hide  his keen love for nnd Interest in all  true sports, consequently lacrosse,  cricket, cycling and the turf occupy a  good column In the first number. The  paper will be published weekly, appearing each Saturday.���News-Advertiser.  The Independent, the new organ of  the labor unions, will make its bow to  the public to-day.. Mr. George Bartley  is the editor. We heartily wish him  success in this new venture.���Vancouver Saturday Night.  George Bartley, a well-known Vancouver labor leader, has commenced  the publication ot a labor paper in that  city. The paper Is a six-column folio,  Is well edited and presents a neat typographical appearance. Vancouver is a  labor stronghold now, and The Independent, should prosper. The Free Press  wishes the new venture every success.  ���Nanaimo Free Press.  !8��  Chas. Woodward Co.,  John Swinton said that there is a  good deal of lecturing to workingmen  by "superior persons" who are much  too sure of their own superiority. They  give heaps of advice to their humble  hearers, address them In soft and soapy  language, offer them "plenty of taffy,  tell them how labor ought to behave  Itself and: warn them to drive nut various and sundry goblins if they desire  to climb the golden stars. I once heard  an Individual of this kind speak to a  crowd of waterlogged strikers in Cooper Union. It was hard to retrain from  shov'?g him oft:the plat.'orm after he  had babbled a few .'minut-ss. He knew  nothing about the life or spirit of the  men whom he.was talking to, nothing  about the".stuff of which they were  made, even though he was a preacher.  FOltMKM.Y C. WOOIIWAIID.  LIMITED"  -HOI.IVT1IE ItECORD FOR-  Low Prices  NEW IDEA PATTERNS 10 CENTS,  Window SSIkkIc-m unci 1'oIch���7.rM;cnt fringed window similes, o0 cents.  wnliuil mill (ink eurtiilii pules, complete, $!5 cents.  Kloor CovcrinuH of Alt ICIucIh���am ynrdtt tapratrv carpet, roKUliir'tUv  for ���J.I tents; SIM yards tapestry carpet, regular 7ti cents, fur lift cents; oil cloth, regular �����(���, for ���ill cents; linoleum, Kabul's Scotch, floral patterns, regular Me, for Su  cents. .  Mats, rugs nnd cuds of carpet nt reduction sale prices. You save Hi to 10 per  cent, by buying here. ��� {}'       <  Men'B Hnt Stilu Continued���?1 audfl.'Jft new Fedora hats for "5 cents;  :iT)(:-caps for "20 cents. .^  DoIIh���Rubber dolls, china dolls and wax dolls at cost.  Seuclti���Every kind and variety, two packages vegetable seeds, fie.  Mail Orders Solicited. -  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORD4WA STREET.  Wc make u speciuly of Unicln-jiaue Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently always good satisfaction.  Your patronage solicited.  THE FAMINE OF INDIA.  Sixty millions of our fellow beings in  India are suffering from famine and  thousands are perishing dally. Since  the last famine surplus grain and other  products of native labor have been  shipped out of the Empire many.tlmes  over sufficient- to meet the present distress, and every day deeply laden,  steamships are bearing the wealth of  India away. "Business is business,"  rent interest and profit must be paid  and made, though the people perish.  If there be such a thing as an Imperial  conscience as well as an Imperial arm  and pocket, surely here is a matter  worthy of its exercise. By those who  have examined this problem from the  human standpoint and are able to see  past the nose of the banker, merchant,  prince and usurer, the conclusion  reached is that the prime curse of India is not caste, but the exploitation of  native labor and the vampires of usury. Relief by contribution is a slow  and Inadequate mitigation of such an  awful calamity, but-all perhaps that  we^can_.do_.no.w,...and. wearcglad.to  see steps to that end are being taken.  War, pestilence and famine, the three  arch enemies of human life and happiness, all bear a heavy hand upon the  British Empire to-day. With modern  knowledge and appliances all are largely, If not wholly, preventtble, and governments will only address themselves  honestly and earnestly to their mitigation when their members, and the  class they represent cease to make financial profit out of their causes.  AS OTHERS SEE US.  There has been launched on the troubled sea of Vancouver Journalism a  new paper named The Independent,  which Is to be a weekly Journal devoted to the Interests of the laboring  classes. It Is to be conducted by Mr.  George Hartley. The following extract from its Malutory may be taken  as .showing of what It proposes to try  to do: "A simon-pure labor Journal,  sucli as we Khali endeavor to make  The Independent, will use all Its force  to encourage the masses to study the  great problems that now confront  them. The alius and objects of this  paper will therefore be to talk plainly  to plain people, whose sympathies are  co-ordinate in the works ot trades  unions and social reformers. The policy  of this publication will be independent  (as its name Implies) on all political  matters, and will strive to attain the  credit of having at least some literary  merit. The labor organ of to-day Is  not In the full meaning of the word a  newspaper, but rather a specialist publication, similar to our great magazines.  We shall consequently be to a large  extent a reflex of the sentiments expressed by the Trades and Labor council."   We cordially wish our contem-  ������' Representatives of the leading type  foundries in the United States: and  delegations of their employees met in  conference in Philadelphia last week  and arranged a scale of prices and fixed  the hours ot labor. The conference  ended satisfactorily to both sides, and  the employees get an increase of about  10 per cent, in wages and a nine-hour  day to take effect April 1. The conference was arranged by the executive  council of the International Typographical Union.  " THIRTY."  There's a mystic word, scarce ever seen,  Save on those mounds at Evergreen,  I've heard It oft, in the still night air,  After a climb up the winding stair.  Where barearmed toilers with pallid look,  'Were rushing the type in many a nook.  In the constant struggle of a. silent'race,  Where eye and hand with thought kept  pace. ii  Yot the steady click was seeming play  Through the midnight hour to gleam of  day.  One rapid glance finds an ampty hook���  "The paper's up!" then a brighter look  Around the room In an instant seen.  Tel] mo. John, what does "Thirty" mean?  With proof correct and forms to*press,  In tlie coming dawn and out-day dress;  A good-night bowl; to rest, to dream  Of a  ID.'J string, with  its  liquid   sheen;  A sail) cng.iigcd  for  the empty  frame,  Another typo who will work for faimo.  Setting Ills lines In tho space of life���  Too brief for wealth, too short for strife.  Boon fellows met near the glistening hue  Of Willow Run and Mountain Dew,  Of office talk, nor hood the time  When  "Thirty's" call is     tho     funeral  chimo .  For that mystic word at Evergreen.  Tell me, John, what does "Thirty" anean.  BARGAflNS  IN fRAMEfr^  < "A delnvoil shipment (ordered for Christmas-)  cf liigli-rlass frames anil pictures just to hand,  and arrangements have been made witli the  manufacturers to sell nil  At Half Price.  I'rnuios made loonier nt our usual low prices.  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  HOOKS, STATIONERY, 1'HOTO M'lTMKS,  ETC.,  138 CordovaStreet      -     -      Vancouver, II. C.  FIRST ANNUAL BALL   Of TIIK   Tkaohs and Lakoii Council,  IN O'UKIISN'S haul, on  Easter Monday, April 16,1900  AT 8:30 P. M.  TlCKKIK, fl.fJ0 A V.ovrLT..    Laiiikx' Tiukkth, fiOc.  J. MAKSIIAI.L, Secretary.  The Gift Edge-  HICSTAUKANT.  109 Cordova Street, four doors  v, est of Abbott.  The best ilifteen-ccnt meal In the pity. Give  us a trial. "The real proof of the pudding i�� in  tlie eating."   Open day and night.  Meal Tickets, $3.  NEW* ������:  I1AT5  ���Wc have just received the liutfust  and best stock of Si'iuso JIats \v��  lmve ever offered in Vancouver.  They are stylish anil durable.  R.  ROBERTSON,  20 COKDOVA STREET.  Seymour.Strccct,  <7   Vancouver, B.C.  Brown's.  Shoe factory  Kor the very hest  ���# STAPLE HOOTS AMI SHOES ���$  In Men's, Boys' anil Youths.'  at Low I'ltiCKs  We do the best and cheapest repairing  promptlv. No shnddv of nny kind used in nnr  factiirv.' Just one trial will convince you that  monev can lie saved lo you by ilealiui; with ns  at���  608 Westminster Avenue,  VAI-'COUVKK, 11. C.  Just Arrived !  A Splendid Assortment  of Men's, Youths and . .  ���Children's        "^ '  * ���  Clothing  In the Newest Styles and Colors.  STANLEY WHITE & CO.,  504 Westminster Ave.,  Vuncouve'i, B.C.  H. A. URQIIHART  M'llOI.KSAl.K AND 11KTAII. IIKAI.r.ll IN  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  Family  trade a specialty.  Ciooils delivered  free to all parts of tlie city.  37 Hastings Street,  Vancouver, 6. C.  JHtigEhea   &  X*oxott,  Froprietora.  The .First Labor Paper pub-  0 lished in the interest of . .  �� labor and we are the First  �� Store to serve tlie public .  ��The Cbeabest Reading  �� in Vancouver        ^=r  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S..  139 Hastings and  14 Arcade       S  H. J. STUBBS  ���DEALEH IN-  II  Rings, Watches, and Clocks-  Sterling Silver and   ..  Electro-Plated Goods .  Special Attention Given toallltcpairlni?.  . . 444 ..  Westminster Avenue,  '"      (opp. City Il��ll)|  Vancouver, 11. C.  #:  . . MAKES A SI'ltCIAI.TY Of . .  o    Dewor's special Liqueur, also ���.  ��    usner's biock laDei Liqueur wnisky.  ���LAltGE STOCK Ol'���  IMFOKRTED AND DOMESTIC  . Cigars.  COI1NEK COIUKIVA AK1I G'AKRAM.  <^_Vancouvhi{, B.C..  Vancouver's Most       ^  Fashionable Tailor     ^  A. MURRAY,  442-I:?,:>--���Westm i n s ter-A ve^  Spring Has Come I  TAKE  Your Babies  ���TO���  C. S. PHILP  THE CHEAPEST  62-3 Hastings Street.


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