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The Independent Apr 21, 1900

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 R G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, Chinn, Glamwure, Fancy  Good", Plated Ware, Lamp  GoodH. Cutlery and  Supplies.  406-408 Westminster Ave.  DICKSON'S '"SgffiSPvT"  Coffee Koasters und Grlnderb.  To get u cup of delicious HrouiKtlc  coffee, it should be fresh  rou-ted imd  ground us needed.  Try lilek.son's Hist.  33 Hastings St. East.  Ability. ThonuGll. l'luek.  VOL. 1.  VANCOUVER, B. C, SATURDAY, APRIL 21, 1900.  NO. 4.  TRADES m LABOR COUNCIL  Committee   Reports   Disposed of--  City's Grant for Labor Day.  ������.dependent In Political Affair*-A Strong Antl-  Chinese Resolution Passcd-Buslness  in General.  The Tegular fortnightly meeting of  the Trades und ..Labor Council was held  last evening, 38 delegates'-.being -grc-  seiit.   �� \  Credentials were received from G.  White and E. Tompkins, for the Painters and Decorators' Union; John Dodd,  lor the International Association'' of  ���"Machinists; G. Watkins, for the Boilermakers, 'and, from Messrs. Watkins and  Copeland, from the Amalgamated Society ot Engineers. On motion, the credentials were-" received, and the delegates seated.  A communication from the Western  "Federation of Labor of Seattle, with  regard to the Clerks' Union there, was  , "handed to the delegates of the Local  Union Tor discussion. It appears that  the different labor unions In Seatt.tle  Itave adopted, resolutions asking their  members to demand the store clerk to  show his Union band before they purchase goods. If this method of procedure was adopted in this City, it would  triple tho number of Its members, and  ���members of the different unions are  Earnestly urged to purchase goods from  those stores only which close at the  timo usually adopted In the-respective  classes of business.  Tlie City Clerk wrote stating that the  City Council ���had granted $500 towards  Uic celebration of Labor Day.    Piled.  The question of the Socialist Trades  and Labor Alliance being permitted to  send delegates to the Council was disposed of, a majority of the unions voting on this question being opposed to  its admission. ^  The Parliamentary Committee reported progress on the Technical Education  and Labor Platform questions.  The Executive Committee reported  that satisfactory arrangements had  been ma.de with retard to the finances  of 'the building; and in this connection  It was resolved that Mr. D. G. Macdon-  cll be 'appointed as the solicitor ot the  "Trades Council.  ���"With regard to the approaching Provincial election, it was resolved after  much discussion, that the Trades and  "Labor Council completely ignore the  different political parties and request  union men to act up to the resolution  ���framed at the Dominion Trades and  Labor Congress.  The murder of Chief ot Police Main  nt Steveston by Chinamen was brought  up. and the following preamble and resolution adopted:  "Whereas, having In view the telegram sent by Sir Wilfrid Laurler, and  read at a meeting held In this City last  Dominion election, to the effect that  if the Liberal Government were returned to power it would be guided by  the wishes ot the people of this Province re any Chinese legislation which  it was thought advisable to Introduce;  and  "Whereas, it report is correct, those  wishes have not been-regarded In the  .mutter of the Increase of the poll tax;  'and   .    Whereas, In view of the recent brutal  murder committed at Steveston on one  or our most highly respected citizens;  Therefore, be It resolved that this  Council, on behalf of the working men  of this Province and all law-abiding  citizens, desires to impress upon the  Government'-and all members of the  Dominion House the absolute necessity  of more stringent means being taken  4o stop the enormous increase in the  ���migration of Chinese and other Asiatics  into this Province, as it is the decided  opinion of this Council that one of the  ������first steps toward Imperialism is the  encouragement of our own people to  i_��inigrate.=hereuandi.b(ulut��rther-  J3LWCTION  PLATFOl-iM.  J. M. Cameron, provincial organizer.  Port Moody. II. C, has aent out the  following form to be filled in and then  mailed to .-, him. Additional pledge  fofms may be had on application:  : ELECTIONS,  1900. ~  (C.  S.  L.  Election   Pledge.) Q  The undersigned, an elector in    Hiding,- hereby pledges(hlinself not to  vote for any candidate who refuses to  subscribe to the attached" UiborPlat-  ftirm and Candidate's Pledge.  Signed   LABOR "PLATFORM AND CANDIDATE'S PLEDGE.  The undersigned, a candidate for election to the .11. C. provincial legislature,  hereby endorses the following labor  platform:  1. Proportional representation, based  on adult suffrage. No candidate's deposit to be required when nomination  Is endorsed by 100 electors.  2. Referendum on a^l questions that  10 per cent, of the members may demand to have submitted to the people.  3 Employment for unemployed at living wages, and an 8-hour work day on  all public works. Union label on all  government supplies.  4. Publlo ownership of all monopolies.  8. School books to be supplied free,  or at firnt cost. '    ���  6. Exemption of improvements from  taxation.  And pledges himself to use all lawful  means to have these measures placed  on the statutes of the province.  Signed   THE WORKMEN'S HALL  Treasurer F. Williams on theUnder-  dcrtaking.  More Interest Should Be Manifested in the Pur-  o    0 chase of fine Structure tor  Labor.  ���Resolved, that this resolution be,nent  lo G. It. Maxwell, M. P./wlth a request  "to circulate it among the members jf  the House."  The question of a member of one  trado union belonging to another trade union was brought up, but  ns this matter Is in the hands of tho  Grievance Committee, It was laid over.  Secretaries are asked to forward the  replies of their unions re Provincial  election at once, and also to 1111 up their  statistical report ns accurately its pos-  nlblo,. mill hand It over at it he next  Council meeting. p..  INDUSTRIAL.  May 1st Is generally looked upon a*  the day for strikes of Industrial workers, but, Judging from the number of  building trades', coal miners" and other strikes that have already developed,  April 1st was deemed acceptable this  year for the announcing of grievances,  says Bradstreet's. Of the new strikes,  that of the Pittsburg district coal  miners is the most Important, and few  give promise of being prolonged. In  fact, many were settled thirty-six  hours after beings declared. Chicago  still remains the storm centre of building strike trouble, and the coal miners'  strike In the Pittsburgh district appears to have caused some industrial  concerns to shut down for want ot*  fuel. This latter class of workers had  agreed to a wage scale, but at the last  hour they decided mat mey ntil not  received enough, hence the strike.  Most of the machinists' strikes have  been declared off, pending arbitration.  In other respects, the Industrial situation is firm, coal miners, piano makers, bulldlng-trnde workers and others  having been made the recipients of  wage advances or shorter hours during the week.  In the month of March orders for 9,032  railroad cars were placed and contracts for 380 locomotives were let.  The number of locomotives ordered  was more than twice the number ordered in February, according to the  Railroad Gazette. The car orders,  however, Instead of being larger than  In February, fell about 600 below the  record for that month.  Canadian trade conditions are, on  the whole, encouraging. Collections  are Interfered with In Ontario and  Quebec by bad roads, but bank clearings are expanding notably. Montreal  reports a heavier spring business  booked than In previous years, but  buyers of fall,goods are uncertain as  to) future prices and inclined to hold  off. Shipments to the country are  heavy and failures, ar.e few. Retail  business is Improving in the maritime  provinces, while preparations tor a  large Alaskan trade occupy , attention  at British Columbia ports. For the  first quarter ot the year failures are  fewer. In number than in 1S99, and lla-.  bllltles are 7 per cent, smaller.  That the new Union Hall Is of Immense benefit to the labor element of  the city cannot be disputed. That suoh  benellts will enlarge as time goes by  both jus to quantity and quality Is also  evident. We shall hnve for many  years ample accommodation for all purposes. We have meeting rooms for all'  our unions, for our committees, and all  special meetings. We can afford to  treat the Unions generously, and yet  make a profit on our Investment. All  adlllated bodies have better places of  meeting thian heretofore, while no  charge has yet been made for special  meetings or committees. How different all this to the cramped, Ill-ventU.-  tited quarters we endured so long!  Not less remarkable is the change In  the financial aspect of affairs. A committee appointed alrout twelve months  ago to look up better and larger quarters, reported that we could not get  suitable accommodation without paying  a rental ot $125 per month.    Instead of  lng to render good services In return,  in speaking those things, we are not  talking of abstract speculations; we  are dealing out trutlts which cannot be  dlsputedfl or even called in question.  Wc all know them, though we do not  all act up to them. o  F. WILLIAMS.  FISHERMEN TO JOIN FORCES  paying out $125 per month in rent we  are making a clear profit of about MOO I the   credit   ot   bringing  off  a  notable  T. AND L. COUNCIL" BALL.  The first annual ball of the Vancouver Trades and Labor council was  held as announced last Monday night  in the O'Brien hall. There were some  00 couples who participated in the light  fantastic, who one and all pronounoed  the affair a success. A number who  tiad purchased tickets werecsunable to  be present. Among the well-known  guests on hand, however, were noticed  Mr., Mrs. and Miss D. Carter-Clare,  Mrs. and Mrs. G. Eldon, Mr. and Mrs.  J*. H. Watson, Mr. and Mrs. Paul, Miss  Anderson, Mr. and Mrs. Lovett, Mr.  and Mrs. Craig, Miss Johns and a host  of others. The ronouned^Harpur's  orchestra furnished the excellent music  for the occasion, and the honorary set  comprised Mr. H. A. Matheson and  Mrs. C. McDonald, who led the grand  march. Air. Fred Yeandcl and Miss A.  Sim, Mr. W. Yeandcl and Miss M.  Hamilton and Mr. and Mrs. Hughes.  Dancing started sharp at 9 o'clock and  kept going until 2.30 a. m. At about  midnight all set down to a most elaborate supper, prepared by Mr. Barnwell,  the well-known Granville street caterer. The hall was most beautifully decorated with plenty of suitable bunting,  shaded electric lights, pictures and the  like.   To an energetic committee is due  Delegation   from   Vancouver Meets  New Westminster.  It Is Probable That Both Unions Will Pull Together  Under the One Banner of the Trades and  Lalior Congress of Canada.  In consequence of tho strike of Joln-  ��m nt Aberdeen, Scot.,  the employers  threaten  to lock out. nil  the  building  .���traile  workmen.    About 3,000  are In-  yolved.  After lasting nearly two years, the  Hlrlke of Scotch Li-ndhlll miners np-  l>ears to he on tlie eve of settlement.  The mines are expected to be opened  -on an early ilnlo.  Mr. John Ratinli', the oldest employee  ���or the street railway company, lias  ���been promoted to the position of I'rallle  superintendent. The appointment Is a  very popular one amongst the men.  Ten summonses were issued Wednosduy  ���by tho Police Magistrate on the information of HealtHi Inspector Marrlon,  against the keepers of Japanese board-  ���trig-houses, whb are alleged to be overcrowded, as a result of endeavoring to  bake euro of the large number of Japanese who are dally arriving In Che City.  * The Inspector found as many as ten  men In one bed on Tuesday night, this  ������instance bctag in the blue boarding-house  ���on Powell Street, tho largest of its kind  In tho Oily. The room was disgustingly  "hot and close.  Mr. Charles Wilson suggests the Te-  pJacement.ofsaiitUJapaneselabor.claus-  es In private bills by similar engagements In contracts entered Into by corporations with the Provincial Government���or .Lieutenant-Governor In Council���previously to applying for such  legislation. These contracts should,-he  Implies, then be made necessary conditions preccdent'of the enabling legislation and If broken, cause the forfeiture of all privileges granted'under  the private bill. But surely In such  case a clause..or reference to the prior  contract must be Included In tlie bill.  This would al once cull the attention  of the Japanese authorities to the  practically annexed restriction and they  would consequently have Just tlie same  opportunity as now of protesting at  Ottawa und securing a. veto upon a  private bill wllh a labor exclusion contract attached to It cither by special  reference or general Implication.  UniuSShEl0  The fishermen of this province are  leaving no stone unturned in their endeavor to ported their organization  befcre the big fishing season opems.  S-j far they have met with 'success, and  the prospects are that every fisherman on the1 coast and In the Prasi'i'  river will be enrolled. The main purpose for which this union is being  formed, are the protection, benefit and  mutual improvement or its members,  with the object as well of securing^  Justice, financially and otherwise, and  that honorable position which they  ha��e a right to enjo/: as fisherman.  The organization will also, use all lawful means to procure for "its adherents  the benefits of social elevation, which  in itself Itf a very commendable under-  takim;. . ��  ,. At present the two bodies of fishermen, the one of this city and the othei  et New Westminster, are considering  the matter of joining forces under one  charter. The Vancouver union Is affiliated with the American Federation  of Labor, with headquarters at Washington, D. C, and the New Westminster is a branch of^the Trades and  Labor Congress of Canada, with a  membership ot considerable over  200. A delegation from Vancouver went over to the Royal City this  week to cousult with representatives  on thls-matter. It comprised Captain  J. McCarty, Mr. Munyon, T. Durham,  P. Wiley and F. Rogers. The result  cf this conference was that a very  agreeable understanding was arrived  at, whereby in all probability, both  huge organizations will pull together  under the Canadian banner. The delegation were given extraordinary powers, so that the usual red-tapism in  such momentous affairs will not hinder  speedy amalgamation. The Vancouver  lodge ot fishermen wm meet to-night  In Labor hall, when a large attendance  is requested. There will be considerable business to dispose of, among  which will be the receiving ot the re-  IHiii- uc -me   ayii-i>.��tcw. iu- sk��� -Wt3i-  mlnster.  TELEGRAPHERS' TROUBLES.  The telegraphers' trouble on the  Intercolonial system la not ended yet.  When the men were in session at  Moncton an agreement was reached  with the officials to arbitrate differences. On Saturday last Mr. Dolphin,  vice-grand master of the O. It. T., arrived In ��� Ottawa, accompanied by a  representative of the I. C. R. men, to  make arrangements for the arbitration.  To their surprise the minister of railways refused to meet him, giving as  his reason that Dolphin was not a  Canadian. Of course the deputation  held that it was too late to make,such  an objection, seeing that the gentleman had previously been taking part  In the conferences. Since that day the  question has been taken to the prime  minister and daily conferences have  been held. It is quite likely now that  the matter will be settled without calling on arbitrators.  F. J. Reynolds., chairman for the  Order of Railroad Telegraphers, says  there is nothing In the present situation that would indicate in the slightest that there will be any trouble between the C. P." R. company and the  telegraphers. The request of the telegraphers to meet the management for  the purpose of revising the present contract has been granted and tho meeting t5-.Hl take place at Winnipeg on  April 12th, "and I have no doubt,"  added Mr. Reynolds, "that an amicable agreement will be made without  difficulty."���Medicine Hat News.  The committee representing the telegraphers on the Western Division of  the C. P. R. are at present In the city  adjusting their schedule with the company. The personel of the committee  Is as follows: F. J. Reynolds, Calgary;  H. E. Lyons, Blairmore; C. Hood,  Swift Current; J. M. Davis, Napinka;  W. J. Uren, Ignace; D. McArthur,  Napinka.���The Winnipeg Voice.  ST.REET CAR EMPLOYEES.  The New Union Hall.  C.onHldcrnhle apprehension Is felt'In  official quartern In Paris, France, wllh  regard to the effects on the labor market of the approaching termination of  the exhibition works and of the ninny  Importnnt undertakings timed to be  ready for the exhibition. It Is calculated that fronr 100,000 to 150,000Workmen have been attracted to Paris by  the exceptional opportunities of finding  employment .that have existed during  the past three or four vears. An immense number of these Immigrant  workmen will necessarily find their occupation gone with the completion of  the special tasks for which they were  required. The presence In the capital  of a large contingent* of unemployed  would present obvious dangers, and  the government are taking steps to  avert this threatened perturbation of  the labor market.  al year with every prospect, by good  management, of Increasing our assets  without increasing our expenditure by  any appreciable amount. Add to this  the fact that we have far better accommodation than we could have obtained elsewhere and the wisdom of  securing this property must be evident to the most obtuse. But���and this  Is a point I wlsh.to emphasize���our hall  was not acquired for the purpose of  making money, cither for the Council  .or=the^shareholders.=i=Incldentally,=it  is paying a good per centaage on tho  stock sold, and1 making a fair profit  for the Council, as already stated. But  the property was purchased and will  be utilized Cor purposes of public utility and educational advancement. Yet  in spite of these facts, which must be  well known to all, it has- been found almost Impossible ito enlist tlie practical  sympathies of many of our members.  In view of the Issues involved, many of  them have manifested an apathy which  might with perfect Justice be designated as abamlnable. The same 'thins1  might also "be ��ald sis regards the  support shown . ..the Independent.  For just ns the hall Is necessary for the purposes -above indicated, so Is a good labor organ necessary  to enthuse the lukewarm, educate tho  Ignorant, nnd polish up the more advanced men In our ranks. In considering these facts are wo not Justified in  concluding that with union men, as  with churchmen, two half dollar pieces  (or less) held close to the eyes, will  shut out the whole landscape; will  quench tho light of the noonday sun.  Brother men get out ot such selfishness or like the cankerworm, It.will  spoil the best fruit In the orchard.  We look for better things. Tho  $3,000 required to clear the property of  encumbrance ought to be raised In three  months from now. Some of our members have done more than justice demanded of them. Does not such a statement humiliate those who 1iave done  nothing?. The truth needs to be told  and to do so freely and fearlessly is to  be a friend to those who for ithe time  being may be hurt. It is an ignoble  and unmanly spirit which grasps all  benefits wfthin reach, and Is not will-  function long to be remembered In Vancouver.  UNION MADE.  If you want Union label overalls go  to Donaldson & Mathews', the Men's  Outfitters, 74 Cordova street. They  also carry a splendid- stock of men's  and boys' ready-to-wear clothing, hats,  cap3. Shirts, underwear, etc., etc., at  the lowest cash prices. '���;  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Drink the celebrated Seattle "Bohemian Boer," only five cents per glass, at  the Arlington.  . All desiring first-class drugs and prescriptions should read Mr. Nelson's  advertisement In this Issue.  Boult's music store has all makes of  pianos, organs and musical Instruments In stock.   Give Mr. Boult a call.  Workiiigmen's attention Is directed  to the advertisement of C. C. Bennett,  who offers cheap lots of from two to  live acres. '."'.' ��.  The attention of those contemplating  Installing electric light Is directed to  tlie advertisement elsewhere of the B.  C. Electric Light company.  , Patronize home Industry by smoking  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  "Spanish Blossoms" cigars. They arc  union made and the best cigars In the  market.  The blacksmiths ot this city have  completed their organization. This  union will be known as a branch of the  International Brotherhood of Blacksmiths, and nearly all, the local Mack-  smiths have signed the charter list.  Those who have not been fjr'.unatc  enough to have their names on the  list of charter members are requested  to send them in to the secretary Immediately.  The steamer Indraleina, which sailed for London from Wellington, New-  Zealand, carried a Chinese crew. On  her visit there recently, three Chinese  deserted, and as they have not been  found, the Tyser company, owners of  the vessel, have had to pay ��100 poll  tax on  each.    It  Is  believed  the  dc-  rir  TEACHERS MEET.  The fourth annual session of the  Provincial Teachers' Institute began  In I his city on Tuesday of this week,  and continued throughout Wednesday  and Thursday. The genial and respected president, Inspector Wilson, opened  the session with an address, in which  he reviewed the history of education  In the province and offered many valuable suggestions by which the present  efficiency may be maintained and increased.  After the enrolment of members the  following officers were elected tor 1901:  President, Alexander Robinson, B. A.,  Superintendent of Education; first  vice-president, John Shaw;- second  vice-president, F. M. Cowperthwaite;  third vice-president, J. D. Buchanan;  secretary, J. D. Gillies; treasurer,'  Pone Murray; executive committee, N.  Lawson, R. Watson, R....H. Cairns,"'SV.  May, A Gilchrist. .--���:���  During the afternoon musical selections were given by F. M. Cowparth-  waite, B.'A'., and Miss C. Christie.  Dr. D. J. Doggin, M. A., Superintendent of Education of N. W. T., wa3  then introduced to the institute, and  gave an exhaustive and Instructive address on The Recitation, in which, he  traced out the several steps that should  b; taken for the proper presentation  Of"the"subject~rifatter"of-tHe^lessonrto'  the class. Dr. Goggln was listened to  with close attention and appreciation,  and doubtless left an Impression that  will last for many days. "  An Interesting and Instructive discussion on Developing a Taste for  Good Books was participated in by J.  K. Henry, B.A., W. C. Coatham and  Messrs. A. D. Cameron and R. Watson. B.A. ,  On Wednesdny morning a new and  successful departure was inaugurated  underWhich the Institute divided Into  primary and senior sections, to discuss  questions affecting the work in their  respective "departments.-  ' *���'  In. the afternoon Dr. Goggln gave  two addresses���one on Nnture Study,  and the other on Literature, both of  which were ot great benefit and In-  terefit. Mr. L. Talt gave a pleasing  address on the Flag In the School, and  musical selections were glvennby Miss  Christie and Mrs. Burns-Dlxon.  In the evening a reception was given  by the Vancouver staff to tlie visiting  teachers.  The Motorman and Conductor publishes the following information concerning the rate of wages paid to  street car employees in Canada before  and after organization.  Hamilton. Ont.���Organized April,  1899; wages previous to organization,  13 1-2 cents per hour, working 72 hours  per week; wages now, 15 cents per  hour, working 00 hours per week.  Winnipeg, Man.���Organized October,  1S9S; wages previous to organization,  ?3*> Tor the first three months, $40 for  rhe nev) nino.. months, and $45 per  month" thereafter, working "II hours-a -  day; wages at the present time, 15c.  an hour tor the first year, 16 cents  for the next two years, and 17 cents  thereafter, working a 10 hour work  day.  Vancouver, B. C���Organized Janu-'  ary, 1S99; wages, 20 cents per hour, 10-  hour workday.  Victoria, B. C���Organized May. 1S99;  20 cents per hour; day men 10 hours,  night men S hours per day.  Toronto���Organized August, 1S93;  joined the Amalgamated Association.  June, 1S99; wages previous to organization, $10 per week; work day ot 10  hours previous to organization; present wages, 10 2-3 cents per hour, working 10-hour work day.  St. Thomas, Ont.���Organized September, 1S99; wages, 10 cents per hour  for conductors and 12 1-2 cents for  motormen, 12-hour work day.  Mr. Will Mac. Claim president of  the local lodge of the International Association of Machinists, paid New  Westminster a visit on Tuesday last.  His business was' In connection with  the organization of the machinists of  the Royal City, who have decided to  form a union, and send for the necessary charter. Mr. Mac. Claln reports  business good in the Fraser river city.  The London street railway men have  now been: on strike for 10 months.  Everett, the instigator of the trouble,  Is licked.    "We know it, we feel It in  SCOTTISH .CO-OPERATIVE NOTES.  The United Baking society quarterly,  meeting was held In Glasgow recently^  The halt-yearly report states that the  sales for the past six months total  ��164,799, an increase of ��5,552, or 3..*i  per cent. Three new societies Joined  the federation.. The profits enable the  directors to declare a dividend ot Is.  Sd. per �� on members' purchase and  bounty on working wages, and halt  that amount on non-members purchases, leaving a balance of ��1,235 to  be carried forward. Councillor George  Mitchell took, exception to the attitude  of-tlve-soclety;ron=the=electricity-ques-���-  tlon. No private firm could give better terms than the corporation. The  recently formed Scottish Working  Elections committee have now issued  their programme manifesto to all the  working-class associations in Scotland.  The widespread dissatisfaction In regard to both political parties, has  given''rise to the desire for the formation of an Independent working-class  party. Tho growth and present position of the co-operative and trade  union movement has proved that in  the rank of the workers is to bo found U  as great ability, administrative and organising capacity -as In any other section ot the community. Such questions  as housing ot the people, old age pensions, the lain! question, and tho unemployed could be satisfactorily solved  by the"proposed party.  BARLr CLOSING.  The Winnipeg Retail Clerks' union  held a big mass meeting nnd parade  on the evening of Easter Monday. Th��  object sought was to enlist the sympathies of the public to carry Into effect a six o'clpck early closintr regulation to govern nil retail business  houses. The prlncipnl speakers were  Mayor Wilson, ex-Mayor Andrews,  Presidents Mortimer and Scott and  Aids. Carruthers, Barclay, Horn and  Mitchell. The affair'was a great success. ���   .. .' '..���.��� ..;";'".  serters are being secreted in the city,  our bones," says the Banner.  When you want to hire a first-class*  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables.   Telephone 125.  The printers': strike at London. Ont., -  is now In Its sixth month.   Typographical Union, No. 133, ,are Just' as firmly-  determined to persevere as ever.  -''fe_'L:  ' ,--ii-'i.*iJ THE INDEPENDENT.  "���#������  SATTTODAT 'APRIL a, 190O  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY GEO. "BAItTLHY.  ���ruW-lSll.WD   WKEKLY   IN   TIIK   1"N-  TBHK5T ' OF  ORGANlSliU  1A1IOU  I  BY  THE INDEPENDENT PRINTING COMPANY.  AT  312   HOMilin   STREET,  VElt,   B.  C.  VANCOU-  Si*"BScnu"noNS in advance.  A week, 5 cents; month, 15 cents; throo  months, 3,1 cents; six months, 115 cunts;  one year, $1.2.1.  ENDORSED   BY   THE   TRADES   AND  LABOR  COUNCIL.  SATURDAY....  .AWtlL 21, 1900  TO SUBSCRIBERS.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will   kindly  notify   The   "Independent.  Until we are able to get matters arranged mistakes are bound to occur.  to $100, which Is simply an insult to the  people of this, the most promising part  of the Dominion, with the dark cloud  of hordes ot cheap collie laborers arrive  lng to push aside our own people. The  C. P. 11. and other great syndicates  favoring cheap labor are a more potent  Inllucnce In our land than the people, whom the government Is supposed  to represent. As a word ot warning  to the powers that be, we would direct  their attention to the uprising ot determined men in Sydney of a decade or  so ago, when the steamship Afghan  tried.to land a cargo of Chinese. The  whole population rose en masse to  protest against it. Thousands upon  thousands ot people, at 10 o'clock ot  night, followed a deputation to Sir  Henry Pnrkes and demanded that he  at once stop the inllux of Chinese,  which, be It said to his honor, he assented to, and the ever remembered  ss. Afghan sailed away to New Zealand, where she met with a similar  reception and was forced to take her  cargo of slaves back to China. Our  Antipodean brothers got the ��100 poll  tax. The people of this province do  not purpose to stretch their patience  much longer. What can honest men  think of political promises, and how  much faith can they put in the empty  pledges of politicians?   None!  THE CHINESE QUESTION.  The brutal murder of Alex. Main.  near Steveston on Saturday by Chinese,  eent a thrill of horror through the people of this district. The finding of the  mutilated body and the awful details  which have since come to light changed the silent horror almost to one of  vengeance, and were it not for the  inate respect that Canadians have for  law and order, summary justice would  probaoly have been  meted out.  No,doubt this horrible murder has  brought to the minds of all our people  the question of the further restriction  of Chinese. That there are not more  such awful crimes committed'by' these  people is the fact that they realize  vengeance would follow quickly.  But the agitation for further restriction on the Immigration of this semi-  \ savage people Is. an old one. In 1SS0  the government of the.late Sir John  Macdonald imposeda $50 head tax and  limited the number that might be  brought in by any vessel. This mite  [temporarily soothed the more violent  agitation. On the formation ot the  Trades and Labor council in this city  tn   JAW'-tlto   .juration    vt��' ..gain . i.hi.<...  ,. up with renewed energy by that body.  In tho-faU-.of 1S90 a delegation com-  posed-otThos. Salmon, Nanaimo; and  Geo. Bartley and Harry Cowan, of  "Vancouver, were sent east to attend  the session of the Dominion Trades and  [Labor congress. The principal mission  of this delegation was to enlist the  sympathy arid co-operation of their  fellow-unionists In the cause of  Chinese restriction. The sending of  this delegation impressed on the eastern workers the earnestness, of the  agitation and they willingly lent their  aid, and to their credit be It said, have  ever since kept this well to the front  in their demands upon the government. The congress immediately appointed a committee, composed of the  ��� British Columbia delegation and two  other tried union men, who waited on  the then prime minister, Sir John A.  Macdonald; and Hon. (now Sir) John  Calling, minister of agriculture. The  premier sympathized with,the workers  of British Columbia, on whose behalf  the delegation had asked for total exclusion, similar to the law of the  'Americans. The, Conservative chief  said that 'as the United States had  ���closed-its=gates=to=the=iOrlentals,=the_=  Chinese .would divert their trade and  commerce to our shores. He promised,  however, to look Into the matter, but  as he bid good-bye to the delegation  of workingmen and closed the door  behind them, the matter had passed  from the memory ot his government.  The election campaign of 1S9C  brought about a changed condition of  affairs in this'province, the chief question discussed being that of nntl-  ... Chinese. Sir Wilfrid Lauder's proselytes In British Columbia, as well iih  those of Sir Charles Tupper, pledged  their sacred (?) word of honor, that  it they were returned to power, each  would be true nt Icnsl on Ihe antl-  Mongollan question. Indeed, Sir Wilfrid himself said that ho would be  guided by the wishes ot the members,  who wore previously pledged, In placing a prohibitive poll-tax on the  Chinese arriving In the country. Has  our members In the house of commons been a unit on the demands of  the people? We know exactly how  these,gentlemen have acted. Some of  them forget what they said on the  hustings, that if they were favored by  being returned to power all would be  ���well, and soon a prohibitive tax would  be placed on the Asiatic coolies. Four  years have gone by and still no increase in the tax. Ten years ago we  asked for total exclusion, but still we  have the paltry $50 tax. A rumor has  drifted out from Ottawa that the Liberal government will Increase this tax  The appointment of Mr. D. J.  O'Donoghue, ot Toronto, as special government official will be heartily approved by all Canadian workmen. Mr.  O'Donogrue's duty will be to enforce  the current wage clause on all government contracts. This marks an important event In labor's history in  Canada, for it is the most radical step  the Ottawa government has ever taken. It means the recognition of the  principle ot a living wage, or the minimum wage clause. Mr. O'Donoghue  says that it. is now the duty ot the  labor element to see1 that where public  works were being carried, on unions  should be established; but they must  be established before the contracts  were signed. Where there-were unions  what the unions demanded would be  the current rate of wages with him,,  but he couid not make wages higher  than those current before the contracts were signed.  THE" B'-vC:. SITUATION.  Working people In Winnipeg and  Manitoba are greatly, Interested innthe  noHMcal situation In British Columbia,  From the knowledge everyone here has  of Premier Joseph Martin, whose recent intimacy with the labor movement in the coast province has made  him a subject of much.comment, prob-,  ably outside opinions from this province may be permissable and of service to the labor men In their present  uncertain position";  The situation' however is clearing  somewhat and Joseph Martin Is gaining headway. With others we have at  times questioned his policy and there  are matters still requiring some "explanation, but looking over, the situation in  a general,way and including even Mr.  Martin's past career we are forced tcf  the conclusion that there is no public  men in British Columbia that can compare with him as an opponent ot corporate aggression and at least Incidentally as the friend ot labor. Not over  nice perhaps in his methods at time3,  but his .worst enemy (and' they are  many) cannot deny that his influence  in the main-has been on the side ot  popular, reform. For years he was the  force and brain of the Greenway administration when it did its best work  against monopoly, and he is disttneely  pledged to the most needed reforms in  the coast province. It Is a significant  fact that in. Vancouver where the labor and reform party finds the most Intelligent expression he is almost unanimously endorsed. We commend1 a  careful consideration ot the facts to  our comrades in British Columbia, and  cannot at the same time refrain from  regrelting_Jhe^anything_Aut_^valorous  tone ot some of the so-calledHabor  papers in the province. Any labor paper' that makes the furtherance of  party ends Its prime motive principle  to say the least narrows its influence  for good and opens the door for unlimited suspicion. There Is no party  as yet good enough to be entrusted  with the interests ot labor, and the  best of them only use It for party ends.  We should be sorry If understood as  dictating to our British Columbia comrades and admit there Is much In,the  local situation hard to understand, but  from our view point we would say  "keep Martin to the- sticking point."  Nominate and elect a straight Independent labor man In every possible  constituency. Do this by means of a  properly called contention and do not  allow the candidates to lean either to  one side or the other���but come out  straight as a labor group, prepared to  support In the new legislature any  party which goes direct for the reform  wanted by the labor party. Do not  under any circumstances wed yourselves to.the cause of Joseph Martin,  or any other man outside the labor  ranks.  There must be men in thenext British Columbia legislature wlio will see  to It that the promises made before the  election are carried out, and these men  can only come direct from the ranks of  labor. Act now, quickly and wisely,  and you will never have cause to regret it.���Winnipeg Voice.  LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  ORIENTAL IMMIGRATION.  Editor of The Independent.  Dear Sir,���1 tarn, astonished at the surprising rapidity  with  wihich  the Province is being filled with Oriental labor within the ptist few months, chiefly  Japanese, and the lllmsy hoodwink pulled over the eyes ot the provincial laboring men by the daily naiiers in regard  to  the distribution of  them,  to  wit; An American or Japanese steamer  brings over nearly a thousand, unloads  nearly all In Victoria, and proceeds on  to  Seattle   with- u small   minority  of  them,    pur daily papers then comment  upon them In this way.    That 'they are  intended for tire other side, chlelly at  railroad work.    Now. Mr. Editor, to a  man up a tree, it looks thus: If they  arc Intended for labor on the other side  they would have been unloaded on the  other side, most assuredly.   It n��t, Mien  the Province Is catering to that detestable  traffic,  smuggling.     One or the  ottier, Mr. Editor, which is it?    Or are  they brought here to compete with the  already crowded labor market of this  Province.     I have only cited the one  case.    There are other oases, for it is  well known that every Orlentul steamer brings over loads to our shores and  with this problem staring us in the face,  what are we goloir 'to do with them?  We have the Hon. J. Chamberlain in  far away London talcing the stand of  the traditional King. Caunte, standing  up before the waves ot labor and progression, saying, so far shouldst thou  proud warves roll and no farther.    Sir,  It is time this man was called to order.  If we are to legislate for ourselves, let's  do It and quit this, farcical legislation  of  the past and  stand1 boldly on our  constitution  and legislate  for  the interest of our country and' light.    First,  foremost and all time thanking you for  the privilege ot addressing you on this  subject, 1 remain, very truly yours,  CHAS. W. KNIGHT,'  Sec. Bakers' Union No. 46. "  Vancouver, B. C, April 20, 1900.     ���  AB OTHERS SEE US.  It is our pleasure and privilege today to greet a new comrade in the labor and social reform, field. The Independent, of Vancouver, published  by George Bartley, well and favorably-  known In B.'C. labor circles. We do  it heartily George���long life and all  success to you and The Independent.  The paper Is four pagev six column  and has a neat, attractive, readable  look about it, and seeing it has made  a liberal use of the Voice, we are  bound to say the text is good and well  selected. But go ahead comrade and  make all the use you can of us, we  hold no copyright. Don't think us dictatorial if we outline your duty a  little. Your field is a large one, your  city is the centre for the alert and intelligent labor man and social reformer, the labor press, in your province is  9-��CV-  In your position we should feel a great  duty was laid upon us. Remember  that political action is now an Integral  part of the labor movement, and It  will devolve on you to give the, best  expression to it. This is the more necessary as the political-.situation in  your province is, to some extent, a  conundrum to all outside of it, help  to a right elucidation, and for,this we  shall depend on you. Go ahead with  a high. hea"rt and a free pen, preach  the true gospel, of labor and reform,  the spirit of the times is with you, and  you are engaged in the greatest crusade the world has. ever known, the  future belongs to labor. Set the pace  and tone for your comrades in the province and so far as the ring is true  will we feel sure success await you.  Pardon our little homily, being the oldest labor journal in the Dominion, we  are apt to feel a little paternal towards the youngsters. Our final word  Is "All the suceess you deserve."���The  Winnipeg Voice.  Mr. J. M. O'Brien, who has filled the  editor's chair of the World since its  Inception some 12 years ago, has resigned. Mr. O'Brien has earned a well  deserved reputation of being a very  painstaking and :able writer.- The Independent1; wishes ihim" every: success  in whateverinew..position he.may occupy.  D.   J.   O'DONOGHUE .(RESIGNS.  After eighteen years of continuous  service as secretary of the executive  committee of the Toronto Trades and  Labor' Council, Mr. D.. J. O'Donoghue  handed in his resignation at: the last  regular meeting of the council, his  .���eason being his appointment as special  officer to see to the enforcement of the  recent resolution of Hon. William Mulock, passed in parliament, to prevent  sub-lett!ng-^ofc=government^eontraet8���  nnd to secure the payment of such  wages as are generally accepted ns  current In each trade for competent  workmen in the district where the work  Is carried out. Mr. O'Donoghue docs  not sever his connection with the Labor  Council, still retaining his membership  there. In this connection a resolution  was unanimously carried by a standing  vote, stating that the Trades and Labor council learned with satisfaction of  the evidence of the sincerity of the  Government to carry out the provisions  introduced In the House of Commons  by- Hon. William Mulock by the appointment, of n special olllcer for their  enforcement; that the appointment of  Mr. D. .1. O'Donoghue meets with the  approval of organized labor In (.'nnadii;  Hint- the council has unbounded confidence In Mr. O'Donoghue, and Instructing the secretary, to forward tu  .Mr. O'Donoghue credentials, recommending hlin In the friendship and  confidence of all organized labor bodies,  mid Hint a copy of the resolution be  forwarded to Sir Wilfrid Laurler and  the Hon. William Mulock.  C.ty team; W. G. Armstrong, H. Ryall,  J. W. Ma'hony, Now Westminster; D. A.  Sndlh, W. H. Quann, and W. S. Taylor,  Vancouver.  A. W. Ross, First Vice-President, occupied the chulr.  The first business of importance taken  up was tho receiving of Sccrotaiy Smith's I (}<&.  report, which wn�� very encouraging for   A  this year"s prospects.  Arrangements have I T  been  made wheroby the champions will  receive trophy caps, for last year.  Tho Tnsisurer's  roiwrt showed a balance of $107.  After  the  reading of tho  report.   Mr.   Muliony   moved  a voto    of  thinks   lo  Secretary   Smith,   which  was  seconded by Mr. Ryall, and carried unanimously.  Mr. Quann spoke nit some length, ad-  vccatlng the sending of cither- the chain-  plcnship uvun of this season, or a team  picked from uhe throo British Columbia  teams,--to   play    the    Eastern    lacrosse  teams.   In  the  course    of  his remarks,  Mr. Quann said he would give $1,500 towards the extwnses of the trip.  Mr. Ditchburn. made application for the  admission of the Victoria Lacrosse Clulb  Into   the  Association,   polluting out that  the James Hay A.  A. Club's team hud  resigned.   It   was moved  by  J.   W.   Ma-  hony,  seconded  by  M.   S.   Taylor,    and  carried,   tiliat   tlhe  Victorian   application  be accepted.  Mr. Ditchburn    also    brought up   the  question   of  a  change    in  the  playing  time, and recommended that the actual  play of a. match be eighty minutes, divided into two halves of 10 minutes each.  There would be no change of goals till  the expiration ot the 10 minutes.  Tho idea was not favorably commented  on, and, when it was put to the meeting.  In tho form of a motion, it wis detailed.  Some discussion then took place as to  referees, and it was moved by Mr. Mia-  heny, seconded by Mr.  Quann,  that the  field  captains    of the contesting   tcanns  must  notify   tiho   President   of   the   lacrosse Association,  three clc-.iir days before a match, whether a referee has been  decided upon, and 1n case of one not having been  appointed,  tho  President shall  maluRthe appointment.  The motion was  carried.  Messrs.  Ryall,  Ditchburn,  Muliony and  Taylor wero appointed a Committee   to  draw up tlhe schedule, which resulted as  fellows:  May 12���Westminster vs. Vancouver.  May 21.���Westminster vs. VUctoria.  Juno  9���Vancouver vs.   Victoria.  June 23���Vancouver, vs. Westminster.  July 2���Victoria- vs.  Vancouver.  July 14���Victoria vs.   VScsl. mi lister.  July 2*���Westminster vs.   Vancouver.  Aug 11���Westminster vs. Victoria.  Aug. 25���Victoria vs. Westminster.  Scpi. 8���Vancouver vs. Victoria.  Sept. 15���Victoria vs. Vancouver.  Sojrt. 22���Vancouver va. Westminster.  Marches to be played on grounds Of the  last named club.  Official    referees:     Vancouver,    D.  A.  Smith,  H.  J.  Scolder;  Vlotoria, W.  11.  Oullen,  W.  E.  Dltcluburn;  Westminster,  S. Moloolmson, T. J. Lewis.  It was   decided    thai,  hereafter,    the  24th of May game, in Vlotoria, be given  alternately to Vancouver and New Westminster. ���-.".���.-  The following rule was brought up and  adopted  by-the  Association:   "That   no  player will bo permitited inside the goal  crease, under any  condition.  Should  be  shoot from  inside the crease,  tho goal  will not count."......  It was decided to give the Idea of mum-  boring the players"a "trial, in the first  match of the season, which will bo pluy-  7��'l   (r> .Vnnt.nihvnr vmv.Mpv 131),  A letter from H. H. Allingham, In reference to tlhe sending of nn all-Canadian  team to Australia next year, was r��ul  and referred to tlhe Secretary.  Mr. Ryall brought up the question of  allowing the two Peele boys, who, were  memlbers of the Westminster team, but  were, at present, employed in Vancouver,  to play fn their own team. The Vancouver delegates had no objections, and the  Association decided to allow the players  In question to play with the Now Westminster team, during this season.  The election ot officers was then held,  and .resulted as follows: Hon. President,  W. H. Quann, Vancouver; President, W.  G. Armstrong, New Westminster; First  Vlce-iProsldciit, D. A. Smith, Vancouver;  Second Vice-President, C. L. Cullcn, Victoria; Secretnry-Treasurer, W. E. Ditchburn, Victoria; Council, H. E. Morton,  Victoria;, W. S. Taylor, Vancouver; H.  Ryall, J. W. Mahony, New Westminster.  THE TURF.  Late advices from England speak of  the growing favoritism of the Prince  of Wales' Derby candidate, Diamond  Jubilee. This colt was bred by his  royal owner at Sandlnghani, and is an  own brother to the Illustrious Persimmon, and doubtless will follow his footsteps and again accord' his: Royal  Highness the supreme turf pleasure of  leading in a  Derby Winner.  The Alctorla Hunt club gave another  of their delightful cross-country meetings on Monday; as showing the increasing popularity of; their fixtures,  about 2,500 persons were present; The  events were well and keenly contested.  ^Tready track Improvements have  "confmencTd"nt-Hastingsrand-a-second  ���Mil*  F-VKItYTIIlNU,           ^"* That Ik dusirnlilu In New Wnsh  (iikiiIh in While iiml Colored. Wo nro  showing many novelties in���  Foulards,  French Sateens,  English Cambrics,  Scotch Zyphers,  Organdies,  ���.��. Piques,  Dimitys,  Crash Suitings,  Fancy Muslins,  Fancy Lawns,  Fancy Swisses.  J. n. of  THE NEW GROCER.  Sugar, 19 lbs. for $1  -.'--. "*i  Dust Ceylon ten, 10c per lb.  Ilest .Ihvii nnd Mnclin coffee, ���13c per lb.  New laid egits, 20e per rtoz.  I-'lve-lb. Jar of best jam, l.-ie.  Thrcc-D). package (ioM Dust, 20e. .  II. A K. wheat Hakes, 10u iwr'NU'kBKU-  170 Cordova St,  COR. CAMBIB.  -T>C  day's racing Is almost 'assured.' It is  expected when ' Mr. Fullerton arrives  home to-morrow, he wil bring news of  numerous visitors from the Cnllfornia  tracks: and as there are no other race  meetings in prospective, doubtless the  horses, trainers nnd owners Will stay-  on at Hastings until the summer meeting Is over.  It Is probable that Carrie S��� Mr. M.  S. Rose's fast pacing mare,' will be  entered In the one thousand-dollar  Chamber of Commerce stake at Salem,  Oregon, this fall. Efforts arc being  made lo offer stakes of such value ns  will Induce owners to keep likely speed  animals in'training; nnd it Is to be  hoped that Portland, Oregon���once the  home of harness-racing on the Pacific  coast���will mnke strenuous efforts and  recover her lost prestige In the racing  world,  Mr. J. Lllden has Just arrived In this  city with the well-known racers, Mnjor  6., Ant Bird and Howard N. ��� Kid  O'Brien Is doing the trnlnlng.  SPORTING.  The Lacrosse club will Issue their  annual membership tickets in a few  days. The boys are In for a big roll  of members.  The annual meeting of the British Columbia Lacrosse Association was held in  the City Hall,'New Westminster, on Saturday night last, and. was attended by  delegates from Victoria, Vancouver and  Now WcstiminBitcr. Nanalmo was not represented'. A. large amount of. business  was transacted; by the Association, and it  was Lis; a.; mi, ;on Sunday, before the  labors of the delegates were completed.!  'Those present ��� were W. E. Ditchburn,  Victoria; who held proxies for;0. L...Cul-  len and Harry E. Morton, of the Capital  CYCLING.  It Is surprising the progress the  Terminal City Cycling club haB made  during its short life. It Is now entering upon Its second season, and is  composed of good, lively and hustling  members, whose chief' ambition Is to  obtain a membership of 300, and better  roads In and i about Vancouver nnd'  vicinity. The T. C.* C C. has'secured  the provincial chnnipionshlp meet for,  the season of 1900, which'will bei run  off at the Brockton Point track; On'  July 3rd. Any- person desiring to' becomes member of the T: C. C. C. may  obtain membership tickets from the*  the secretary, Ernest Stark,' or the  captain, Mr. Charles Robb, at Wlnte-  mute's cyclery, Cordova street.  JtUk  FLACK BLOCK,  IS  A. M. TYSON,  WI101.KSAI.V. AMI 11CTA1I. UKALKR IN  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Coiidova St. Thonk 442  ^oaoaiiaaaaaaaooaaaaaaaaaoaanoaoaosiaaoaaaaoaoQOOQoo  rit-lleforiii  o  o  s  tt  o  o  tt  tt  WARDROBE  For Gentlemen's High Art, Tailor-made  Garments, Suits to order,or ready to wear  at best tailors' prices.  334 Hastings St. -    - VANCOUVER, B. C.  Til OS. FOOTKII,  ?���JfvTSS  V  u  tt  a  ��  8  ccroocraoi'''0-iMic<'--ocecro^  Will buy a two-storeyed  house,  witli  all'-modern  improvements, on Harris  street, clo'se to Westminster avenue.    For full particulars apply to  Mahon, M*FarBand& Mabon, Ltdj   541-Hasti ngH-St roet���^���  very large stock  CHEAP OILCLOTHS.  JIG.  -��  STOCKTAKING  SALES  6��  @��  Toys, Dolls, and  fancy -Ooqds, Etc  503 Hastibgs&t.  The Gilt Edge--*>  W KSTAU UAfi'Cm  109 Ciinliivn Street, four doors  wi'M u( AlilmU.  Till) In'Sl llfltccn-i'Oiil niinil 111 the city, (live  ii-.ii irlnl. "Thuri'itl i>rmif of tlm piulilliiKlH In.  the ciilliiK."   Open ihiy unci nl��lil.  Meal Tickets, $3.  Huulietv 'tt   lubaeott,   Proprietor***  THE I'NTJDBNATiaNIAL C-QRRESFONiD-  14NOB Schools of Scranton, Pa., la lor  tho homo study of industrial science,  taught "by mall. A-pply Geo. H. Skefflng-  ton, room t, Letcvro block, Vancouver.- P.  O. box 519.  P. O. E.���VANCOUVER AHKIB NO. ���.  F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting memlbers welcomo. H.-- *W. .Find-  ley, TV". P., Province office; 8. K. RaUh,  ���W. S., "World office.  i SATURDAY WnRlC 2f, 1900  THE INDEPENDENT  UMBRELLA ON THE TRAM.  Of all the ills the street railway conductor's life is heir to, the festive umbrella takes precedence.   An umbrella  has no conscience to speak of, and no  sense of Justice or fair play.   It will  Jean against Its owner's knee with a  well-assumed   look of  Innocence   and  virtue, until the unwary and confiding  conductor    Is    caught off his guard;  then It will slip between his legs and  land  him  square in  the lap of some  pompous dame who Is doing her level  Toest to pose, as the statue of dignity.  An umbrella never npologlses.but sometimes its  owner   mutters   "Awkward  fool," and when he does that, the. con-  i.    duetor knows he don't mean the urn-  brella!    You can  always   tell  an  old  manipulator of the punch from a new  hand.   Just watch a lady, a baby, and  an umbrella get off a street car on a  rainy  day.    If  the   conductor is  new  j    at the business, you will hear him any  "Allow me "to open your umbrella for  I   you, niadaine," but If you are privlleg-  V ed to ride with a man grown hoary at  'the trade, you will, hear:   "Excuse me,  ma'am,  but I'll hold your baby while  .you manipulate the umbrella."   Alas,  he   has   long   learned    to   obey   the  ��� eleventh   commandment���of  two evils  choose the least.   The tenderfoot conductor strides confidently up and down  his car,   in search  of  fares. '"After a  time he Is not quite so confident, but  -the  old  conductor   don't.      Note  how  carefully he balances himself, see how  he dodges every movement of the car,  and what means those furtive glances  he casts from side to side?   The ordin-  .ary  passenger  will  say:    "It  Is   the  shaking of the car, and the necessity  t.of being on the look-out for curves,"  :but   It   is nothing   of   the   sort,   It   is  .neither more nor less than umbrellas.  No one knows better than the old conductor, that umbrellas are neither born  nor made.    They simply spring  from  nowhere, to the utter confusion, if not  destruction,   of  any  one  who  gets  In  their way.   Next, to their fondness for  getting between the street car conductor's legs, the umbrella Is famed for ab-  sentmlndedness.   Time and time again  I have known them to walk off with  the wrong man, with the most cheerful  carelessness  and   Indifference.    I  remember one day    last   summer,  a  young lady,  haggard-faced and wild-  eyed, boarded my car and volunteered  the information that her umbrella had  neglected to leave the car at the same  time she did.   A cursory glance around  was sufficient to show that i�� the umbrella was off with the old love, it was  certainly on with a new.      I advised  ^er to advertise and to say that the  ' person who took her umbrella by mistake was known" and was requested to  leave the same at her address.   I saw  her next day and she Informed me that  she had found,seventeen umbrellas at  her   back   door   that' morning.     Last  winter 1 made the acquaintance of a  hoary old sinner.   I became so well  acquainted with, that umbrella that.I  could recognize it two blocks away. #I  was uneasy when It was around, for it  had   been  long  in   the  business,- and  was up to every trick of the trade.   It  ���Would stand'unostento.tlously in a corner and so long, as you watched It. it  would never move, but woe betide the  poor Innocent who was caught off his  guard.   It claimed as a partner In life  Mrs.   X.      Unlike- most   of  Its   family  ���that I have known  Mrs. X.'s umbrella  was   not   absentmlnded,   but   Mrs.   X.  was.   One Sunday afternoon I had the  pleasure of picking up a church party  at the corner of .Oppenhetmer street.  Among them   was  Sirs.  X.   and  Mrs.  X.'s: umbrella.    We had  not gone far  when one young man, evidently quoting from the sermon he had Just'heard,  said to another,  "And  It  rained, and  rained,  and   rained,  and  rained,  and  . torrents of rain fell down."   I am not  quite certain if that Is the exact num-  ber'of times he iterated rain.   At any  rate Mrs. X. quietly, but firmly, opened  her umbrella and hoisted it .over her  head. ��� I  did   not  have  the  heart  to  mention  it,  and  although    the   other  passengers      tittered      she      actually  travelled the whole length ot Cordova  street before she discovered  her mistake.   They say every dog has his day,  and of course Mrs. X.'s umbrella, being only  mortal,  could  not  expect  to  be excused.   It was one of those days  that���  The rain ciimo down In such sheets as  would Kiai-trer n.  Bard ifor a  Hlanilc short  of Niagara.  "We were late, nnd it did not mend  matters that iMrs. X. and tho umbrella  was making frantic signals a. block  away. Conductor, she said, as "sire  hove alongside, would you mind taking  down my umbrella for meV My heart  sank down into my boots. The moment 1 took that umbrella In my hand  I knew there was going to be trouble.  It was too big and too Independent to  I'lime aboard without being "took  down." So with an appearance of  cheerfulness, 1 was far from feeling,  I stepped down and essayed to do tho  trlek. My forebodings of evil were  well founded, for I soon found that the  umbrella was up to stuy. It simply  would not be took down. I tried it  first gently. Oh. so gently, persuasively, but the only response 1 could get  wus a smull torrent of water down the  hack of my neck, from the corner of  the ear. All this time the motorman  was furiously ringing his hurry up  gong. The cold' water In place ot  damping my ardor, sent the blood  coursing through my veins. I glanced  Inside the cnr. Mrs. X. Eat about the  centre, looking as serene as a June  morning. Now, then, I said, since you  won't come down quietly, let It be  catch-as-eatch-can. I thought I knew  . a trick or two at wrestling. I tried  the choke hold, tinker's shuffle, pardon's grip, half-nelson; I even rushed  in and succeeded in getting a full-  nelson on the blamed thing.' I tugged  and spluttered,-twisted and wriggled,  grew red In the face, caught my foot  in the crossing, and���first fall for the  umbrella. '  "Place that thing here," said a grim  voice beside me. I looked Up. There  stood motorman R���, with the draw  bar in his hand. A moment later I  placed the umbrella by the side ot  Mrs. X. Ha, ha, I thought, revenge is'  mine. I was busy when Mrs. X got off  at Drysdale's. I noticed something  strange about her, but could not tell  Just what it was. A few minutes later  I' knew���the umbrella. There it stood  Just where I had placed It. It would  be useless to write of my thoughts  at that'moment. The printers' ink  wouldn't stand It. Mrs. X. was waiting for us on our return trip, nourishing a brand new uniorclla���It was new  at the business���so with it dexterity  born of long practise, I managed to  evade a vicious uppercut as she stepped aboard. "Excuse'me, Mrs. X." I  said, "hut you forgot your umbrella  when you got off the car last trip."  She looked me straight in the eye, and  ostentatiously tapping the floor with  her brand new recruit, said: "Oh, no,  conductor, It is not mine." I was flabbergasted, but, of course, I could not  contradict a lady; besides she "ought to  know better than I. leaning far over  AVest minster avenue bridge I sang Its  requiem:  Ur.mournod,  uncoffined,  and   unknellod.  Then the splash!  y/E nre Direct Importers  New  Hats and Ties  Page Ponsford Bros.  G05 Hastings St.  YOU can Learn'  Bookkeefrinp and  Business Methods  With us.   Kvery inerhanli' should be n bookkeeper.  Hardie& Thompson  Marine and {Jeiicr-af      ���*-*.  Consulting Meckanitstl: Engineers' - ���  ���'I'M Coiidova St. W., Vanixjuvbh,.!). C. TKL. Iff!  Patentees mid dcslgnera of the' Hurdle-  Thompson water tuhu holler, new IiIkIi  speed rcveraliiK oiikIiiu*, -ami sikwIkI  niiieliinery In light sections for mines.  I'llOl'KLI.ERS De.SIG.ST.II.    ENUimK ISUICATKI) AND  AllJUSTKD.  SulongeutK In 11. 0. mid X. *.*���'. Territories for  the Unlled Flexible Metallic Tubing Co., Ltd.,  London, Eiib.  ^vvvvvwww-vm-vw^  THE"  **S THE VOUEL 'JOM.MERtXU. COLLECIE.  Copies of The Independent may be  had at the bookstores or may be seen  at the public library, or at the different hotels, especially those whose advertisements appear In these columns.   :o:   We must pass it to-the credit of the  city council, says the Winnipeg Voice,  that proposed by-law empowering the  city to provide a public library and a  bathing establishment worthy of the  names and' adequate to the growing  needs of the city received general support. To be well washed, Invigorated  and enlightened, are Important matters, adds the Voice. Now is the time  for Vancouver to heed, bestir itself and  take hold of the bathing beach question.  TheArtizan and       Q  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ij? Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.   We Sell Them.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  100 Cordova Street, Cor. Abbott,  801 Grunville Struct, Cor. Kobson.  Hriny us your IMtiwcKiiTUiNs.  115s   YOU   WISH  YOUR EYES  TESTED FREE  fli full on our Doctor of Optics, and lie will  willingly comply with your request.  Davidson. Bros.  111! fordovaStreet.  Tel. Mo.  VlCTOIilA IjAIIEK IIkek.1  The Louvre  THE ONLY CIRCULAR'l!AR  ON TUB COAST.  M1NATY,       - -        fropriutor  ���T-il Cnrriill Street, Vniii-oiiver, H. f*.  Electric Light  Ts now within tlie reach of evervbndv.  Prices have lately been reduced, and the  H. ('. KIccirle Railway Cniiipiuir have  llieir lines all over the'cilv. Do not delay, but install and use tub Only Light,  which is absolutely  Safe, Clean and  -to-date.  At the workinginan's watchmaker ami jeweller  before lniruluulng anywhere else. He is known  through. II. f. for good and cheap watches and  jewelry.   Watch repairing a specialty.  6. HERMAN,'  180 Cordova  Street', opposite Siirov  Theatre," Vancouver.  See Geo. Irvine's Out-door  vases, and get one for your  lawn.   Rear World office.  If carefully looked after it is cheaper  than coal oil, and, oh! what a difference  hi (he evening.   Apply for rates at the  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  We have tho exclusive  sell in i** atfcncv of the . .  PACKARD SHOE and tho ...  jiiiino alone implies the hestthere is in Shoes. . . .  PACKARD SHOES have for years been pre-eminently  the distinct leaders in the United States, and in introducing them we feel as though they were not tin'  experiment,, but in reality the BEST SHOE manufactured.    We have them in all styles and leather  ��*��������.   U^UV, Cordova  WHEN SUlISCllllX'i FOK A<^X%.  -   War Book   -  Pec that it is tho best, tho  Library of South Africa  1IY I'l'.OK. MACKENZIE,  and cot the agcnts'.s guarantee that it is  Our Edition.  And you will make no mistake.  '        J. M. MacGregor Publishing Company.  ' Vancouver, n. (J.  Trees Sprayed Early  AKvaij* Give Best Results in Bearinq  fruit, Etc.^-^^  Sec our window for Spray Pumps, Pruning  Knives, Pruning Saws and every thing, else that is  needed for the purpose.  Tho*. Dcinh �����> Co,,  (MMITKII.)  8,10,12 Cordova Street, and 8,10  Water Street, Vancouver.  From Street, Ailin, H. I*.  (^w ^w tlf1 Jfi i��& t2P Jfr iffr Jfi  -DO YOU WANT A-  SOLE AGENT,  24 Cordova St.  oaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaoaaaaaaaaaoaaaaaaaaaa  FlfTH SEMI-ANNUAL SALE ~~  IIOME, with 3 to 5 Acre*  Cheaper Than City Lots.  ^* fP* t��fr (3* %gM ��^"e3* ifi1 (3*  25 MINUTESfrohi centre of city By tram car.  FREE TRAM SERVICE to and from the city for two years.  Most desirable investment���should double in value in two years.  TERMS���20 per cent, down; balance in three years without interest.  fJR m��r* IfF1 ^* ^* %$l JF ^* ^S  For Further Particulars Abbly to  \  -2^Sam|>Ie Shoes  Is Now on in Full Blast at Less Than'Wholesale  Prices.    Come early.  -120 iV'estmins-  9     tor Avenue.  C. F. FOREMAN  Opposite JHirket Hall.  ooooeococcceoooooooRceoeeeoccocccccoococccecercoeo  ���it  ��>  8  ��  u  ��  o  u.  o  o  u  o  tt'  u  u.  w  Ott  BENN  MacKiDnonSBuildiiMb'Cor. Hastings and Granville Sts., Vancouver;  Tel. 54  See the line of fancv  Worsted Suitings  wo tire slmivliirf this month. They tire tho  latest j.HtU-rn.s nn<l will liu cut, tmulo nml  triminuil. The vury 1km koimImuuI tlie chuH|��-  ^fstunt ���with Hrsl-rlti'-h workmanship.  est, co\\f  Dan. Stewart,  130 Cordova St.  Clubb & Stewart  Is tho t'liu'i1 tn purrhlm1 your fine furn-  J-lmiiL-stiiHl I'lnililiu.'.   The lute-L  HATS  Are iioM- on cxliibltioujit our More,  160 Cordova St.  TBI- "02.  UNION-MADE BREAD  *-" . ' FOB TIIK I��K01*LE.  Wagons will call at any part of the citv;  prompt intention ami civility at all timo: kIvc  usatrial ami beMilislicil.  SUPEHIOK1 pAKERV,'  DECKERT & TIETZE'    '.     .       Proprietors  Corner Duffc'rln anil Fifth Avenue.  Telephone "09. '  '   UNION DIRECTORY.  VANCOUVER TRADES .-1ND '"TjABOn  Council. President, jos. Dixon; vice-  president, J. H. Watson: secretary, J.  C. "Marshall, p. o. box 159: financial secretary, F. Williams; treasurer, C. H.-  aionck; statistician, w. 31ac"baln; ser-  ficant-at-arms, W. Davis. Parliamentary  ccrrrnlttee-Chairman. John Pearey; secretary, J. Morton. Meetiiifr���First and)  third Friday in each month, at 7.30 p. m..  In Union hall, corner Dunsmulr ana  Ilcmer streets.  VAKCOTJ'R TYPOG-RAPH rOAi^UiaON.^  No. 22fi. meets tho last Sunday in each,  month at Union hall. President, E. L.  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. Marshall;  secretary, j. F. Watkins; P. o. "box 66;'  treasurer, W. Brand; sorgeant-at-anms,  Cluss J. Dunn: executive committee^  Chairman, J. C. Marshall: Geo. Wilby.  C. S. Campbell, G.' T. Dutton. \v. Armstrong-. Delegates to the Trades and labor council. J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  S. Campbell,  Imperial   Hotel  VNIIEII   SKW MA.VUiraKXT.  CAIlltor. .t (.'OXWAY,      .     .      hoprletors.  I holwt ra>c llipiiirs EiiKll-h Hud hii-no  brandy i>1 ale.< and purler, tlnu.-t diiinuiilc and  iiii|K>rtnl������iKiir.v.nilli llrM-rlii-ifnvliiiifhevery  day. K.\ThS-n a day; lnwr.l itinl room, Ki u  iveek. Thli-1- the niii��t I'liiafiirtaMu nnd liome-  llku hDiel In thecltv.  135 Water Street,  VAN&UVtR, B. C.  I.I1XCIII-.-  I'l'T IT.  CATKIIISlI  A 51'ECIAI.TV.  <C^"   Confectioner;  A full line of Confkctiovbi'V and  1VST1IIE9.  Ice Cream Delivered.  413 HAiTINBS'SrRKKT  Vaxcower, B. C. THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY...... iAnRIL 21', 1900  HUJKC UP OF THE CITIES.  ... a  Ihe Exodus from Country to Town,  by J. M. Davidson, B. L.  ir the landlords of Great I'litiiin have  nol as yet suecoetlinl in "ilrivlnjr nil  tlie people in the Island into the sea,"  ���as lllaclcstone tells US' they legally  anight, what they have actually iiccoin-  ailislied as drivers is aboutxeiiually had.  Tliey have driven the vjsi majority  ��I them into city slums to hSyd. tojrether  like Hwiiie, under conditions destructive alike to soul and body. Indeed,  '' so wretched are their uilian surround-  3uks that ii merciful Providence has  seetnltiKb'   decreed   that   they   cannot  . survive���cannot reproduce their species  ���beyond tlie third generation. They  sire slowly stilled out of existence by  Jack of fresh air. should no more peremptory' angel of. death  intervene.  This.malady- has not inappropriately  "been named urbo-mnrbus or city disease. Us ravages are seldom or never  suited; but they are, none the less. Inevitable  and  deadly.    If   town  work-  0 men were to live to the average age of  ���the agricultural laborer, the pressure  of the poor rate on the urban middle  .class, on which it falls with peculiar  Severity, would long ago, it is not too  atmoli to say. have driven it either to  .���revolution or bankruptcy. Dr. Tath-  'sim's comparison of "Manchester with  certain rural districts gives one a  pretty accurate notion or the gliastly  ���t'conomy efl'eeted by the city death tax.  ���Taking 100.001) births, he finds,that by  CO years of age 36.110 persons have been  Idlled off in the town who would still  lip alive in the country!   '���  Mr. Charles Booth condenses the facts  nf the situation into two notable pro-  aiosltions;  1. The proportion of persons over G5  Js .least in the towns and greatest in  ihe country, varying Inversely as the  density  of   the  population.  2. The proportion of old relieved in  towns is greatest where the population  5s most dense.  Tn a remarkable pamphlet entitled  "Degeneration among Londoners," pub-  jfslietla good many years ago by Dr.  James Cautlle, then of the Charing  Cross Hospital, Ihe distinguished author demonstrated, in. the most cogent  ���manner, the essential insalubrity of all  frreat cities, whatever the sanitary  precautions may, be. "-Model Dwellings", may be better than slums, but  they are no substitute, for the. one  thing needful���fresh air. If the vast  toiling population of London were to  lie housed in palaces instead of east end  liovels, its hygienic standpoint would.  still be determined by the distance any  Kiven portion of: It is removed from  the nearest point where really fresh  air is to bo obtained. Of every 1,000  little ones born ancl bred in the nelgh-  -iiprliood of the Strand .''00 die, for every  100 born and bred in tho further suburbs, to go no farther afield.  i 'Xo t!'-e, question, what is Cr^li all*''  "Dr. Cautlie, with some hesitation, re-  jilied: :J"H 'is ozone���a gas, a modification of oxygen to which unsearchable vital powers are ascribed. It is  lo be found in the open country, at  sea���in fact, everywhere where there  is nol too great an aggregation of human beings to abstract or decompose  SI-". .'  After repeatedly testing the air of  "Condon for the presence of this vital  Stis, Dr. Cautlie arrived at this startling conclusion:  ' ''"From whatever quarter the air., Is  Wowing the outer circle ot, say, half  a mile of human beings absorbs the  fresh air, and not only so, but adds  various pollutions to it,,: so that the  Srir breathed within a given area, centred round, for instance. Charing Cross,  or the Bank, has not had. fresh olv sup-  -plied to it for, say, no or 100 years.  Hence we might define London as a  district where there is no ozone."  In truth, constant city life saps the  very marrow in the bones of the in-  liabitants, rendering them liable to disease, and unfruitful, so-that each fam-  51y absolutely rots out in two or three  generations. And so much Is this ihe  case that, if the exodus of the workers from country to town is not speedily arrested by some drastic measure  ���or measures, it must come to.pass that  in a few generations the entire physical and moral stamina of the nation  will have been used up.   IiThe.iOnly^healthy=maa=un=.the=long=  run," said the Sage' ot Concord, "Is  the husbandman," and he said well.  In    every    community      economically  therefore, see how much of the "staff  of life" we produce for ourselves:  "For every 50 bushels of wheat grown  at home we get 85 from the United  States, 111 from .Russia and 70 from  other countries. The following figures  show the number of bushels consumed in the United Kingdom In one  Sear, and the countries from which the  supply was derived: Home grown, *i0,-  000,000 bushels; United States, S5,000,000  bushels; 'Russia, 49,000,000 bushels; and  from other countries, "0,000,000 bushels���  -'."M.OOO.OOO bushels.  ���'We thus obtain from other countries  more than four times as much wheat  as is produced, in the United Kingdom  and if by any chance our supply from  ���broad were stopped, there would only  be sutllcieiH wheat grown in this country to feed the population for one-  fifth of the year, or less than two  months and a half."  And the "leetle bill" for foreign wheat  cost us���how much in ISO"?-��� ��5*1,579,000!  "N'or are the ligures for other food  imports less startling:  Bound the workshop must ever sub-  nerve the farm and not the farm the  factory. Four centuries before Christ,  Mencius, a "Heathen Chinee" but a  "Wise man, said truly of manufacture*  and commerce that they are merely the  branches of the tree of industry of  wlilch agriculture Is the root, and It  would really look as If, In this country,  wc were soon to have a tree without  roots at all���only branches. Permanent pasture���food for horses, cows and  liiioep���Is being laid down at the rate  ��>f 100,000 acres per annum. Already  over 10,000,000 arable acres have been  ho disposed of and as horse, cow, and  sheep have come the tillers of the fair  anil of once Merrle Kngland have gone.  In the census period, 1SS1-91, 71,000  Iiml vanished���they have been going nt  tlie rate of 12,000 per an num. for the  lust -10 years. In no other nation of  the earth, great or small, has the agricultural element boon reduced, as  with us, to 10 per cent., or anything  approaching such a minimum. In Germany it is '*!' per cent., in Denmark  32, and in Ilelglum 115, The following  ligures tell their own  tale:  .      ISM. 1S71. 1SSI. 1S9I.  Our Urban Population ..C2.3   (*,!.s  011.11  71.7  Biural Population   ..IS7.7  35.2   KM   2.S.3  Or, to put it otherwise: In 1S91 the  nrban population of England and Wales  was 20,802,77.1, and the rural 8,198,248.  In 1809 the area under wheat was  2,000,9S1 acres. 101,225 less than iii 189S;  while an addition to permanent pasturage (not even for hay) of 268,585  acres was made. With what result?  Every year we depend more and more  on alien nations for the veriest necessaries of life. Wheat is the most important   product of  the earth for the I consequently  1SS0. 1S97.  Hutter.. .... .-.CI 2.1-11,000 .ClCi.'JlG.OOO  Cheese      5.091,000 5,SS5,000  Kggs    ..     2.2:15,000 4,356,000  Fruits..  .. ....     *i.912,300 .|,003,30f!=  Haw vegetables.        309.000 1,150,700  Poultry & game    .-��� -121,000 1,274.200  Bacon and hams   10,985,600 12,4S9,S0O  Here be it noted that we have Imported food supplies���the immense cattle and dead meat trade apart���for  which we pay about ��100.000,000 per  annum to the trans-marine producers,  to the litter ruin of our native agriculture and agriculturists.  Ts. then, this stupendous sacrifice  necessary? Not in the least. So great  are the proved possibilities ot the new  or intensive system of agriculture,  which Prince Kropotkin has done so  much to popularize���given always its  adoption and the communalisation of  tlie land���that we need dtpend on no  alien source for a single hushel of  wheat, basket of fruit or vegetables,  or even head of cattle. Twice the existing population could be ina'ntainecl  witli ease.  Of course T am not conten ling that  all external exchanges are useless and  harmful. But I am satlslfed that five-  sixths of them are based on a gross delusion, whose fruits are conquest and  rapine abroad and a race of stunted,  enervated machine-minders at home���  the merest apologies for men. Ask the  recruiting sergeant what he thinks of  the great majority or them. They are  the merest waste or refuse of the mills  In which, though ostensibly grinding  they themselves have been inhumanly  ground.  What then is to be done In the face  of facts and circumstances so untoward!  Our present call is "Down with the  Boers! The Transvaal for the English!"  When this is 'realised, our cry will be  "Down (.with the Landlords! England  for the English!" In future the exodus  must be from town to country. We  are not going for ever madly to scour  the face of the earth for food supplies  which lie around us in ready abundance. There must be a limit to such  palpabie dementia.   ���'. . ���       "���..'������'���'"  For the time being' the existing regime of merciless . plunder by rent,  usury, profit and taxes seems lo,,ex-  liale prosperity at every pore: but its'  best accredited advocates and instruments know better. Cecil Rhodes, it  may be remembered, once told us very  frankly that, what With the combined  competition and protection practised  by other and even comparatively friendly nations like the United States, It  would be'impossible for Great Britain  much longer to open up and retain any  foreign market, except at the point of  the sword. And Kitchener, at the Guild  Hall, similarly explained the grounds  of his operations in  the Soudan.  Capitalism will reach the end.of its  tether much sooner than most people  Imagine, and then, as certainly as the  sun will rise to-morrow, the death-  knell of landlordism will sound and the  parish councils will take possession���  with its necessary adjunct railway nationalisation.  BOOK NOTICE.  THE  LIBRARY  OJ"? SOUTH  AF.TUCA.  SOU'DI-I AFI11CA; IT'S HISTORY, HER.  OES AND WARS. (Pour books in one  volume), by Prof. W. DougJas Mac-  Kenzie, D.D., of Chicago. Sold by the  .T. M. Macgregor Publishing Company,  Vancouver.   - ' ���..  side and sometimes the British. Also  the work is superbly illustrated with  original drawings and photographs,  under the direction of Mr. Geo. Spiel.  Every student should find time to peruse the combined work of Mackenzie  and Stead. We wish the authors every  success. '���  OUR ORIENTAL PETS.  Professor -MaoKenzie is also the  -nuthot-of���'Ghristianity^and-the-Pro-  gress ot Man," "The Ethics of Gambling," etc. In the above work on  South Africa he was assisted by Mr.  Alfred Stead, of London, Eng., which  alone speaks volumes for the  thoroughness of the compilation ot this  up-to-date publication. The best authors available, the works of mlssion-  airles, travellers, historians, politicians  and the blue books of the British parliament ail have been consulted. The  author and his assistant have very  deep personal interest In SouthAfrlea  and a familiarity with Its history, derived from years of reading and discussion thereupon. One rellects after  a perusal of this big work that there Is  no teacher of geography so Interesting  and so thorough as war. Tor example  little or nothing was known of the  Philippines before the late war. other  than that they were printed on the map.  Tlie suine may almost be said of the  great South African country. A genera] account of this region Is presented  In this book to the render, so that he  will at once become familiar with the"  land and Its most fierce and ruthless  war now raging. Tho book professes  to be a "Conspectus ot South African  history, heroes and racial struggles."  A fair, frank and unprejudiced description ot all matters bearing' upon  South Africa Is aimed al, and especially those that illuminate the meaning  of this war ot 1899-1900. Mr. Mackenzlo  says that "no man can profess, on any  great matter, to be absolutely Impartial." But we believe that he has  striven in this work to be just and  fair. For in this book, a serious attempt is made to present both sides  of every great discussion that has  arisen' In South African history, especially between the Britishisnd Boers,  sometimes    the    Boers  sustenance of civilized  man.   JJet us, | have had the most of right on their  As already noted, the effort of Mr.  Mcinnes, M. P., to amend the Coinox-  Cape Scott Railway Company's Bill, at  Ottawa, by providing against the employment of Chinese labor in the construction or operation of the road, un-  tler a penulty of J*> Per day for each  Chinese person so employed, failed.  In support of his amendment, Mr. Mcinnes pointed out that the proposed  road would lie-' entirely within the  Province of British Columbia, and if  application for a charter had been  made to the Legislature of 'British Columbia, such a clause would undoubtedly have been inserted. It had been  said that the Dominion Government  proposed to deal with the Chinese question by a general act, but even if such  a. general act were passed, it would  merely regulate immigration, and  would not touch the question ot what  could be done in-regard to the large  number of Chinamen already in British  Columbia. He declared that the people  who were asking for tills charter had  (lone everything in their jiower to degrade the position of labor, and something ought to be done to restrain  them.  'Dr. Sproule objected to the Ufoa of  restricting the opportunities for labor  of men who had once been admitted  into this country. He did not see how  Parliament, having taxed and admitted the .Chinese, could then limit them  in their work.  Mr. Morrison then expressed the view  that the amendment was unconstitutional,' and that the Parliament of Canada had power to 'pass an act fobid-  ding the employment of Chinese upon  any ot the railroads of Canada, but  not an act forbidding it upon a particular road. Such an act, he thought,  would 'have to be general, or-the courts  would declare it'Inoperative.-",  Sir A. P. Caron considered the powers of Parliament as ample, but he  Bid not think this .question should be  dealt with in a single bill.'...He called  upon the Government to announce its  policy on this question.  After remarks from Messrs. Bell and  Oliver, Mr. Holmes said the people of  British Columbia were not a -unit on  the Chinese question. This was narrow  legislation, and he objected to an  amendment ot this kind going on the  Statute-book.  Mr. Davln said as a Protectionist,  *ie would support the amendment,  which was designed " ��� '������ ' ������������  TO .PROTECT CANADIAN UABOB.  ..Mr. Puttee also supported the amendment. ; ��� '-���: ��� .(.,  ��� The Premier salld the discussion had  shown a diversity of opinion, and in  his judgment there was a paramount  reason why,'the amendment should not  be allowed. This .question had been  discussed before the Railway Committee, and as a rule the House always  Sustained, the report of that Committee. Unless there was some very good  reason given, and there had not been  In this case, he did not see why the  Committee's, report should not be sustained. There might be a good deal  said In favor of Mr. Morrison's contention that legislation of this kind  Ivas unconstitutional, but ;he did not  see: that the -Constitutional question  ���need, be discussed .now. .He thought  Dr. Sproule had given an unanswerable  reason why the amendment could not  ,be allowed. The House was not discussing the desirability or undesirabll-  ity of admitting the Chinese. The Government had a bill in preparation dealing with the question of Chinese immigration, but so long as Chinese were  admitted into this country, beheld,  with Dr. Sproule, that Parliament could  not curtail the privileges to which they  were entitled. It would not be right to  force them to pay a tax to the Canadian Government, .and after having  taxed them, to deny them the right to  Work. So long as they were allowed  to come in, they should be allowed to  work like other citizens.  men, that more than a thousand of  them will shortly take the places of  AVestern workers. The same policy  lias for some time prevailed on the  Northern Pacific system. Fortunately  these roads are not on our side of the  International line.  Health Inspector R. Marrion took a  look around the Japanese boarding-  houses ot the City last nigh', to gain  an idea of how the hundreds of Japanese who are dally arriving In the  City from the Orient are stowing themselves away. Several boarding-houses  were visited, two of them on Hastings  Street on either side of Columbia Avenue, and another on the Dupont Street  alley. These buildings have all been  gone over before, and the numbers who  can live in each room In accordance  with the terms of the liy-laws made  nnd provided by the City Fathers, have  been posted conspicuously on the walls.  The rooms were outrageously overcrowded, thus causing an added liability of the.spread of disease. In rooms  where only one person was allowed to  sleep, there were five or six, and frequently there were as many as four  and five In'one bed, lying crosswise,  in order to obtain sufficient room, apparently not minding the inconvenience  not to mention physical danger of having their feet floating helplessly In the  atmosphere nt the sides of the bed.  As a consequence of the Inspector's  visit, there will be a number of cases  of "overcrowding" in the Police Court  this afternoon.  STONE CUTT'ERS' SUPPORT.  The following important resolution was  iwssed Thursday night at a meeting of the  Journeymen Stonecutters' Association,  when tho matter of the present strike in  Vancouver was thoroughly discussed:  "Whereas the bricklayers and stone masons ot Vancouver are on strike for the elevation of the principles of labor and unionism, We, Uhe Vancouver branch of the  Journeymen Stonecutters Association of  iNorth America do hereby pledge ourselves  to give thom our unqualified support, provided that they have the united support  of all tlm unions of 'the City, interested  in ulic building trades, and show no discrimination against any individual contractor. It Is further agreed by this body  that we are emphatically opposed to subcontracting or taking work by the piece,  bcca-usc experience has taugM us that  it Is equally injurious to labor and capital to pursue such methods of business.  Therefore, be it resolved that a copy of  the foregoing resolutions shaai be published as a declaration of our pslicy la the  present labor struggle."  IHE  Chas. Woodward Co.,  VOnMERI.Y C. MOOMVAKI).  LIMITED"  Extend a hearty invitation to tlicvislting teachers.  orsted wilt,  lorn and  goods  <���  Clou-linn noil Men" Kurnl��lilnijK-l-|iic blael- English won  ��!>.   A better one, worth ���11.1. for ?'.(!.   Illue serge Mills, f(i, Hi.,'0iin!l $10.  Hut Sole continued this week.   Christy's best EiieHs'i lints in Fer  stiff, worth |2,"i(i, for ���fl-.'io.  ,   ,P"<JtH and si-ioeH-ljidies*  fine Vlcl kid boots 111 luce  or  butti  Ladles'Imperial kid boots, hire or button, f> nnd fj.50.   Ladies'Imperial k  funis, nl the latest tots, IK.   .Men's box calf, tun or black, Goodyear Welt  ���t.'.oO.   Those lire nim-sqiieiik.   Men's cloth lop chocolate dotiRolu, price JX  CrocUerj���HrokeiHliniier j-els sacrificed.   Come und gut prices.   New  pi-etly piutenis, just from England, will not lust long.  OollM-At fie each, ale, !0c, up to f.tfitl, worth double.  See them nt once.  \y��ll Poper-Anotlu'r shipment, 5c liroll, border le vnrd up toUOc a roll.  iMimpli's free on application.  HnmmockH-Klk' 1111.  These arc snaps.  SeeilH-Ncw and fresh, 2 packages, f.c.   Cheaper in bulk.  Catalogues free.  -  Mail Orders Solicited.  ?Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  ��ggeegggggggsgggssggssggggggg8S8S8ggsg8��8sgggeeegg  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-mad]'* Cigars and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.    Your patronage solicited.  M'DOKA'I/D���jOn Monday, April .1(1. WOO,  Donald Alfred, son of Mr. and Mrs.  ���Donald Angus McDonald. U22 Hamilton  street, aged eleven months and seven  days.  SMOKE KURTZ'S UNION-MADR  CIGARS.  If you -want a, really good clear, call  for one of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands.  "Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are their best  'brands.. Ask for them and take no substitute. The above brands are made  of the best imported Havana, and by  expert union workmen in Vancouver.  Teach  ���e  ���0  Your children music! There  is pleasuie and profit in It. The  best Canadian ami Knglish  Pianos,  the best Canadian Organs; He.--  son '���Prototype" llnnd IpMru-  nients; and the best hi all  Musical Goods  All at hkst prices and terms at  ���fault's Music Store  510 CiTaiivllle Street, opp. I'. O.  i  1  It seems th'atair. Shlmizu, the Japanese Consul in this City, is calling- the  attention of his Government to the need  of-enforeine;-the=staitutory-restrictlons  imposed by his Empire upon labor emigration to Canada. Mr. Shimizu points  out that legally only about 2C0 Japanese  laborers a month can by his country's  laws emigrate to all Canada. This  number has lately been greatly exceeded, though -Mr. Shimizu states -that most  of the Japanese laborers who now enter British Columbia speedily make  south, where they are much in request  on the great American railroads ot the  West. However, the Consul Is alive to  the needs of the situation and' perceiving that British Columbia can only in  reason be expected to find employment  for a'limited number of Oriental workers, Is confident that his Government  will upon receipt of his olllcial communications, do all that is necessary to  meet the views or fair minded nnd well-  Informed Pacific Canadians. This Is  satisfactory Intelligence in that it promises to take n very dllHcult and vexed  raciiil and social question oul of our  party politics.  Tjabor men In and about our City will  be glad to learn, on the authority of  Uui Japanese Consul, that h<! Is quite  of opinion thai there is no present  scope in British Columbia Tor the hosjt  of ImmigTanb'- now arriving from his  country. Mr. Shimizu is consequently  urgJng upon His Government the need  of a restriction of the influx and meanwhile mokes the reassuring statement  that most of the recent and1 present  Japanese arrivals amongst us will a  few days henoe, at latest, make nouth  for United States points places at wlilch  the G"roa't transcontinental railroads  eagerly seeks the service of Orientals.  Thus it is stated that Mr.'J. J. Hill,  of the Great Northern, has lately  inaugurated on the Pacific section of  his railroad so laTge a movement for  the   employment  of  Japanese   trade-  BARGAINS  JN PRAMIES^>  A delayed shipment (ordered for Christmas)  ef liieji-elass frames and pictures just to hanil,  nnd arrangements have been made with the  maiiufiietiirers to sell all  At Half Price.  Vmiv.es mmlc to onlvr at oiiru-suul low jiruTS.  BAELEY BR����. �����., Ltd,  BOOKS,'STATIONERY, I'llOTO SUl'I'I.IKS, BR'.,  Ills Cordova Street     -     -     Vancouver, 11. o  Sick People,  ���;' T'nrticulnrlv the liiboring limn, wnnt tho  VKKY. HKST nicdidno it is pn��,sililo to  procure. Whv? IIlthiisc it nieitn*> itol-  inrs tn be kept from work, (hrou},'h  clit'itp^'t'ond-clJiss drURS. We iis-e only  the hkst, untl employ.only skilled labor  In dispense your doctor's IMlKKCKiP-  TIONS. Xo scab labor for us. We do  uvcrvtliingtm the union principle.  SEYMOUR,  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COlt. SEVMOb'H   AND   HASTINGS STIIEETS  WHV 1IUY faetory-iimclo shoes that are little  better than paper, when you can have a  pair of  Custom made for $3.50  1'eady-nnnleor made to lit your feet.  H. HAHVl'Y,  Mil l'enderSt., between Itlehardsanil Seymour.  H. J. STUBBS  -DE A Mill I.V-  Rings, Watches, and Clocks.  Sterling Silver and   ..  Electro-Plated Goods.  Special; Attention Given to all Repairing  ��� ��� 444 o���  Westminster Avenue,  (opp. City Hall)  Vancouver, 33. C.    c  NEWW  MAT!  Wc Iihvc jHKtreccIvcil the largest  and best stock of Si-ium; Hat.-, we,  have ever offered in Vancouver.  They are stylish und durable.  R.  ROBERTSON,  20 COUDOVA STl'l'liT.  8|}ring Has Come!  TAKE  Your Babies  ; ;���T0��� .��� .  The First Labor Taper pub-  �� lished in the interest of . .  �� labor and }vc are the First  0 vStore to serve tlie public .  ��The Cbcabest Reading  0 in Vancouvei "='  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and  Take One of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S ..  J 39 Hastings and  ,14 Arcade  . .  5HKK) A DPBCIAI.TY OK . ,  o    Dewofs Specioi liqueur, also ��� ���  o    UshGi's Block Looei Linueyr wtiisky  -LAItOK 8TOCK OF���  IMI'OItKTKI) AND DOMKSTIC  . Cigars.  COKSEK COIIDOVA ANO CAI1RAI.L  <^"Vancouvek, B.C.  14 Cordova St.  THE CHEAPEST  623 Hastings Street.  Vancouver's Most  Fashionable- Tailor.  ���  Seymour Streeet,  <?^_Vancouvku, B.C..  Brown's,  Shoe Factory  For tliu vOry best  .    J  111 Men's, Hoys' anil Youths'  at Lou- 1'iucKs.  Wo do the best ntnl'- <!licti|>uiit repairing  promptly. No shoiliiv of any kind usuil in our  factory. Just one trial will rniivlm-o you that  money can be saved to you by tlculiiu- with us-  nt���    ..  608 Westminster Avenue,  VAXCOOVKIt, ii. c.  Just Arrived S  A. Splendid Assortment,  of Men's, Youths and . -.  Children's"-"-^  ���  *  Clothing  In the Newest Styles and Colors.  STANLEY WHITE & CO.,  504 Westminster Ave.,  Vancouvca, B.C..  A. MURRAY,  442~^>   Westminster Ave.  H. A. IRQUHART  WHOLESAI.E AMU RCTAII, DEAI.KK IN  Wines, Liquors and Cigars,  Family trade a specialty.  Goods doliverei't"  Irec to all parts of the city.  37 Hastings Street,  Vancouver, B. C  \)


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