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The Independent Jun 23, 1900

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 R, G. BUCHANAN,  Crockery, China, Glassware, Fancy  Gooils, Plated Ware, Lump  Goods. Cutlery atid  Supplies.'  406-408 Westminster Ave.  VOL. 1.  DICKSON'S IMi-oSCTCA  Coffee Roasters and Grinders. '  . ��" B*it . '���",*��� !,f delicious aroinntlc  coffee, it . IiuiiM l,_ in-M, loasicd ud  ground as needed.   Try UlvkwuK lit"..  33 Hastings St. East. '  Ability. 'l'hone fill. Pluck.  TME POLITICAL SITUATION  11  Convention of Oppositionists Held al  Hotel Vancouver.  VANCOUVER, B. C��� SATURDAY, JUNE 23, 1900.  flat ol a House of 38 Members 23 Pledge Themselves to Support the Dunsmuir Ministry  Only upon Certain Conditions.  has filled that exalted olllce with distinction in the |>uat. The Premier has  declared that Ills Government will be  a business, and not a political one,  and in the public interest it is to be  hoped that he will make his words  good. He and his colleagues are on  trial and their actons will be closely  watched, not, only Inside, but outside  the legislative halls.  mmmm new Zealand  i  R..  "Events have moved  fast since  our  last Issue.   Then,  without waiting to  meet  the  convention    summoned    for  this city on Monday'last, Mr. James  JJunsmulr    consented  to assume    the  "Premiership and  with  the Hon. J. H.  "Turner as Minister ot Finance and the  Hon.'D. M. Eberts us Attorney-General, was duly sworn In and the trio, immediately  entered   upon  the   work  of  their departments.   Next came the convention, ������with  20   out   ot*  38   members  present as follows:, Hon. J. Dunsmulr,  i'renjier, South Nanalmo;  Hon. D. M.  .Eberts,   South   Victoria;   Hon.   J.   H.  Turner, Victoria City; H. D. Helinckea,  3t. Hall and A. E. iMcPhilllps, Victoria;  ..'.'Mayor   Garden   and   Captain '.Tallow,  Vancouver;   C.  E.  Pooley  and W. H.  JHuyward,    Esquimau;    J.    P.    Booth,  North Victoria;  Ralph Smith,  Nanul-  Bno:   IL,.   iA.   Mounce,   Comox:   A.   XV.  IMcllI, Albernl; T. Kidd, Richmond; It.  McBrlde, Dewdney; R. F' Green, Kas-  Jo;  \V. C. Wells, North-cast Kootenay;  T. Taylor, Revelstoke; J. D. Prentice,  .Mast Lillooet;"A. W. Sniitlv WostLIl-  aooet;'.F. J. Fulton, North Yale; Price  JEUIson,   East  Yale; . Dennis   Murphy,  ''.West, Yale; ,'C.  H.   Dickie,   Cowichun.  After  much wrangling- :it  was  Anally  .agreed that the members present'would  support the Dunsmuir Government for  one cession, to enable'the public works  ���of  the Province  to be  advanced,  and  the estimates und-other necessary legislation put through.   This was agree'd  ���upon, however, only upon the distinct  understanding   that   Hon.   Mr.   Dunsmuir will   re-organize   his  Cabinet at  Ihe end of the session; also that, during the session, no contentious legislation shall be introduced.  These conditions were agreed upon by the meeting as   a   whole,   Ralph  Smith,    Na-  jnaimo;   T.   Kidd,   Richmond;   and   It.  JT.   Green,   Kaslo,   however,   reserving  their right to independent action;  This  ���  ivas the culminating event and at the  40nd of the ..second day's session  there  wus a love teast in the shape of a banquet, given by Premier Dunsmuir, when  a pleasant evening was spent.    Other  matters,    howevefr.   were'   considered  .and acted  upon,  including the Elght-  JHour Law and the action of the Lieu-  ���teuant-Governor,   in   tlie   latter   eon-  jnectlon the following resolution, moved  VIGOItOUS RESOLUTIONS.  Editor The Province,���At last meeting of this  local  I was Instructed  to  forward   the   enclosed   resolution   for  publication in the local press._   Please  insert- the   same  and .oblige, "  'C. H. KING,  Recording Secretary,  1303 Hornby stret.  Resolved: That this local" of the  Socialist Trade and Labor Alliance  (Pioneer Mixed Alliance, Vancouver)  desires to express its disgust' with the  action of Ralph Smith, a supposed  labor leader in this province, who during the recent campaign supported the  Provincial Party, a capitalist concern,  and thus proved, himself a traitor to  the working class;  Resolved further: That wo condemn  the action of the Trades and Labor  Council politicians in upholding a plat-  Some Tacts Gleaned   from   Various  Sources.  the smallest possible wage, for bare  existence, and the city or government  that encourages this system Is encouraging ithe sweating system In Its worst  form, besides robbing the taxpayers of  thousands of dollars and putting it in  the pockets of the contractor and  sweater. You may just as. well put  your hand In the city or government  treasury und pull out thousands of  dollars and hand to a man as to take  ifjout Indirectly through the city treasury and hand It to the contractor for  his share of work, of which he never  done one hour's.'  .Again, in "New Zealand the new system absorbs the unemployed. As a  result of this, there.'has been no labor  agitation going on since the adoption  ofthe plan In-1892. It eneounges men  and their families to keep away from  great cities. It enables men when  engaged away from home to have their  traveling expenses provided 'through  the labor department, the special 25 per  cent, reduction being made for their  families. ��� -Again. under,ithls new system when a workman Is away from his  Its I family, he gives authority so that his  NO. 13.  A BURLESP ON UNIONS  Her Rise and Progress Due almost to the Work ol  Trades Unions���The' New System Absorbs tho Unemployed.  It is said, and truthfully so, that New  Zealand is the product of unionism.  To tades unions she owes her present  enviable position as 'being the ono  country In this world where justice is  meted out to all alike, where the worker has the opportunities offered him  by. the Government to have a home of  his own; and who gives him the necessary .help 'to obtain it.  It is a white mun's    country.      Its   - ,, ..��� s,>,.-.-, aumoriiy so that  policy of prosperity for all. instead of wife and family draw half or his  an excess for a few will prevent any wages. This guarantees proper care  attempt at splendor. The people,,,we for his family. How different on this  learn, are thoroughly practical. All are continent and the older countries.  English,  Scotch,  or Irish,  with a. few   "When a. husband-leaves home In search  Ar.,_-l/.-<��-  Showing the Humorous Side of Labor Organizations.  ...     ������   o  The Tamil)'Physician Could ,\'ot Break the Rules of  the   Union���The   Patient Cautioned���  Liable to a Boycott.  It so .happened,that all the members  of the family were ailing at one time,  and the family physician was called  in. He looked somewhat annoyed  when the first case was explained to  him."  I bid you good-day, Blr."  . "But---but���wait a minute, doctor."  "Well, sir." ,.  '    '  "I don't know whether 1 am safe in  saying lt or notj but���but���"  "We!:?"  "Why,  I .   You"!  nnder.-tttn-J,:   of .  course, doctor, tn.it my ijiieiiiiori. are  of the best,   lnyvjiy, win': y-ju?"  "Proceed,  sir." ...   ���  "Why, ,1���er���the f.iot is I have.'a'  slight cold In Hit-, head myself, but  of course if I ought to cull In a���"  "Unnecessary, sir; tj'.ilily.. unnecessary," interrupted tho .doctor; "The  rule& of the union pennk me t\s! a  general practitioner to prescribe for all ���  such ordinary .oilmen's, and 1 shall be  pleased to give you something I think  will benefit you." ���������'���, ,.     ':  Later,  as  the doctor' was  about   to  go he stopped In th-* hallway and ._ald\  in a kindly tone:   "1 have' been" your   .  'I don't'see why you called me," he   family physlciau, _u\ many years, and ,.  I  fell,sure you .will  cre.lit'mc  with  ���������':  "And why not, doctor?" inquired the   haying  the best intentions In  what I  head of the house. am about fo .-ay."  "Why, the case is clearly one that is      ''Assuredly-,, doctor."  out of my province," he replied. "Weil,   sir,  "But surely It Is not a serlo  it   Is   rumored   In   union  ,���   ,���,. ,���,.���,. .i,ni  i��� -  ������.���,.n���i0= Americans. of work, under our system, n ne times  form for labor that  Is a compromise      __       _,    ,     , , ,   ���    ,r     ,., . ���.. ��� . .      ,     . . -,,  '.lit. ���������i,.���o.,i, u,._!.,_.��� ..,...._.;��.,  ������.i      New Zealand   s no Utopia.    No c tl-   ou; of ten he becomes a tramp.    The  fw/f,whe   f    Z W . _ _r _  wn ���� pretends that a final solution of   result is that his wife and children ar  }!?.JZ}������?^^v^^'-7!}i any'-wotal  problem, has  been  found;   brought to the verge of starvation, un  ifams  ana   u'*-on s  \\eaK-Kneea   atti- b d   ���        eni.nestly trying to   til charity steps In and .helps on a little  tude towards the capital st parties. ���   , _ ,,,  ,���-   ���,        , ���     *,,,,���,, ���������, ������_._-..     ��-���   .*���������-  t. - ..��i -.    .i m...     ���   .,  ��������� And methods and systems which will  Resolved  further      That we  again ���������,,   ���������������,, i,.,���_���������������  �����������������. ������,.  ... ,    ������  .   _.,      _   _,._ confer upon all happiness, comfort and  call   upon   the rank  and   file  of   the      .���_���'    .      ...  working class to repudiate their fakir  leaders, convicted as they are of incapacity and unfaithfulness to the interests of our class, and we urge on  every workingman to become.acquainted with the principles of the new trade  union movement, the Socialist:.Trade  and Labor Alliance of the United  States and Canada, so as to avoid in  future such disasters as the,'longshoremen's lockout and the well-deserved  defeat at the polls recently .where they  were split up by the old party politicians.  And we "> call upon the workers of  Vancouver to rally to the. standard of  ���the. Socialist Labor Party, the International Party of tlie working class,  avoiding bogus ���middle- class Socialism  and tlie would-be labor champions who  pose at election time as "friends of  labor."  Workingmen unite! More disasters  confront you while following your  present leaders and while organized on  your present pure and simple plan.  Victory-awaits you when-fighting on  the class-conscious lines of.new trades  unionism���Investigate. i  PIONEER   MIXED   ALLIANCE.     |  Vancouver; June 19, 1900. S. T. & L. A  contentment. The people govern the  stale; they are not governed. There Is  no record to-day of any country where  the people are more prosperous, more  civilized, or more happy, and every  effort is .made to-secure a still, better  system. The capitalist who owned  millions of acres of land, and who  threatened to pull up stakes when the  laws of 1892 where put in force and  their, estates cut-���up Into small farms  for settlement, did not leave. Instead,  they remained, and have become part  and parcel of the new system. Prejudice still rules among some of them,  thought possibly some slm  pie remedy "  "Oh, the remedy ��� is simple enough,"  interrupted   the   doctor,    impatiently;  "but you'will have to call in an aurlst  to prescribe for the youngster."  "Why,  doctor,   it can't    be    beyond  way.    What man of any spirit wants I ^ s*1} -o cure a simple earache.**  cahrlty?    I for one want my rights as |      Certainly   not.   sir   ���.     ...      J.l.UU  mi aureiy lt is not a serious case," circles that Ithe sidewalks in front of  persisted the head.of the house. "The your house was put <lown: by, non-  child is merely- troubled with an ear- union labor. Now, I don't, know any-  ache, and I thought nossiliiv ���=">-"<>-'��� 'hino. ->"������ "  -   a .man, and when we get that, as in  New Zealand, we shall never hear of  charity societies. It Is the duty of  every government to see every man is  placed above want. Eight years ago,  In New Zealand there were plenty of  tramps. Now there are none, and no  .cause for tramps. The government land  is cut up into small town alotments.  No lot over three acres, and no person  holding over one-eighth of an acre of  'town landj- or, if rural land, 50 acres,  can secure, a town allotment. You  must also "prove that you are a bona-  fide workman,  manual or clerical, or  but   there  are  numbers  of them who   other work for hire.     And when you  now regard the, change with favor.     ���  | have   satisfied '''the   authorities as to  THE ICASSIA'R 'ELECTION.  ���With one pollingplace, Hazel ton; to  *y Capt. Tatlow, seconded '.by'- Richard | hoar  from���the  vote Is  not  likely   to  MoBride,   being  carried   unanimously:  |;i "That in  the  opinion of  the under  signed  members-elect  of  the Legislative Assembly of the Province of British Columbia, the action of the Lieu-  '      tenant-Governor   in   calling  upon   Mr.  Joseph Martin  to   form    a , Ministry,  while -wholly unsupported in theLeg-  <j ���"islature,   and  In  giving  him  such  an  j.     unwarranted     time   to   complete    his  I      Cabinet and his completion of the same  I      l��y gentlemen unendorsed by the elec-  |      turate, was contrary to the principles,  .      "uuages  and  customs  of   the constitu-  i     lional government, and detrimental* to  i;     the best Interests of the Province, and  1 :  ihaving  been  emphatically ���'condemned  ,'.    Jiy the;electorate :at the vlate general  '.'���,'.���' -elections,   the   undersigned   would   respectfully request the Premier of Canada to lay these facts before His Excellency the Governor-General of Can-  .ada, humbly suggesting that the use-  fulness of His Honor the Lieutenant-  Oovcrnor Is  gone;   and  be   It   further  resolved that a copy of this resolution  .'��� <be forthwith  telegraphed  to  the: Premier of- Canada."  -:���; There was some censure of the Premier and his colleagues for their action in afllxlng their signatures to the*  resolution, while holding ottlce at the  I! will of the Lieutenant-Governor, whose  conduct was so severely! criticized  therein. The burning Asiatic question  was next discussed and it was moved  -~by-H._P. -Helmcken._Q._C...seconded  be large���the returns from Casslar are  as follows: C. W..-.D. Clifford, 311; Mr.  Staples. 261: Captain John Irving, 244,.  and!.Mr.1Godrrey, 1SS.. iMr. Staples is  Martinite, and lie received 24 votes to  Irvlng's,,4.Y.Clifford gained 25, , and  Godfrey only 1. It Is' probable that  Cliffoixl (Government) and Staples have  been returned, though Irving may pull  up.-on the latter.   ��� . ' .  IX THE  "WRONG.  Mr. Gladstone, in a speech at Edln-  burg, delivered on June.30th, 1S92, said:  "You arc told that education, that enlightenment,   that   leisure,   that   high. . ������ ���.'"���"  station.; that; political  experience,  are | this, contracts were let to sub-contrac-  Aychdeacon Langley, of Sydney, visited Auckland and traveled the Islands,  and made a full report to,, the Unemployed Advisory Board at his home on  labor conditions In New Zealand.. .'  ���'  'Briefly, he reports a. great difference  between Sydney, with    her five parks  and streets/crowded with men -waiting  for -. employment���many     asking - for  alms;    Auckland,  where  he. found  no  real.' want, and: hcivpooplc. eccmed ;ox-  .ceptidnaliy   happy, and 'well..'satisfied/  "Remem'ber,    New    Zealand  is  but a  short journey from Sydney, arid one of  the same/group forming Australasia,"  says he.   There is no unemployed prob-'  lem. to solve. ...... :-  In reviewing briefly the laws passed  by and for the working classes, the  Archdeacon commends the1 labor Intel-,  ligence department, which ; has5 200  agents.- ilt keeps accurate Information; as to labor conditions, forwards  men who apply for work . from'':' one  point to another, and takes an: active  Interest in their welfare. The Archdeacon also says some of the wealthier  class have resented the labor legislation, and do not take part, but that  this is' rapidly dying out. and oonft-  ���dence in the bureau is growing rapidly  through the moderation and just manner the laws are framed -and\adjudi-  cated: prior to the change, large profits  were made by the contractors at the  expense.of the men, and  worse than  6'  by Richard McBrlde, and carried unanimously:  "That   in   the  opinion  of  the  mem-  <'l)ers-elect of the Legislative Assembly  of  the  Province of  British   Columbia.  In meeting assembled  at  the  City of  Vancouver, it is desirable that the entrance fee  imposed  upon Chinese en  "  terlng Canada  should be increased  to  thetium of $500. in accordance with the  xcsolutions of the Province passed from  time  to  time,  nnd   that  the  proposed  legislation introduced by the Dominion  XJoverninent,  based  on  the provisions  ���of   the  Natal   Act,   dealing with  the  Chinese   question    shQUld    be    made j  equally  applicable to Japanese  immigration  into Canada."  .     This In a nutshell was the work accomplished, and the conclusions reached.   The next step will be to appoint  three additional  Ministers.    The  portfolio or .Lands and Works was offered  to Mayor, Garden,  senior  member tor  this city, but he could not see his way  clear to  accept   It.    All  three will  be  selected   from  the" mainland,  and  the  names of XV. C. Wells, A. XV. Smith,  ���and   It.   MoBrlde   figure   prominently.  ..though   It   is   said   that-R.   P.   Green  could have a department If he desired   it.    Ab-the  House meets  on  the  Cth prox.. It will be necessary to make  a. choice quickly, as the new Ministers  will have to go to their constituents.  for eildorsatlon.      The  writs will,   nn  <loubt, be issued at,once. .The speak-1  arrayed" In the opposing camp, arid I  am sorry to say that I cannot deny  it. I painfully reflect that In alm.'st  every one, if not In every one, of the  greatest political controversies of the  Iast.ilfty years, whether they alfected  commerce, whether they affected the  franchise, whether they affected >-ellg-  lon, whether they affected the bad and  abominable institution of slavery, or  .what .subject they touched, these leisured classes, these educated classes,  these wealthy. classes, these titled  classes have been in the wrong."  ���DOMINION DAY" CELEBRATION  PROCESSION COMMITTEE.  Merchants, societies and citizens are  lnylted_tO-_contrlbute-deeorated_JIoatS-  and carriages to the procession, and  in order to give some inducement for  special effort to effectiveness, it is proposed that four prizes be given, tho  amounts of wlilch will lie duly announced. Intending contributors are  requested to intimate the nature of  their exhibits to either of the undersigned as early as possible; entries to  be  closed   on  26th  Inst.  C. F.; FOREMAN, Chairman,  XV. SKENE, Secretary, P.O. 248.  tors, who took It at a lower rate, and  either made money by sweating the  workers, or lost money at the expense  of the people who furnished the'supplies, or failed to pay the workmen.  Of course these things never happen  in British Columbia arid especially  Vancouver. We have never had a  contractor here who forgot to, pay his  men or who failed to pay for his supplies���over, the left.  ��� The contract system ns prevails in  ! Vancouver' causes the labor market to  congest: In large;.cities. ..When big.  works are about to start, large numbers of men crowd to the place. In  the meantime, the contactor would  bring hisi stuff with him,: just as In  tlie contract recently let to an Eastern  man for, theronstructlon^_gf_.thg_I drHl  halPiri"- tiils-clty^ii^brouglftTstonecut^  ters with him. The consequence Is our  resident stonecutters walk the streets,  and the work, which should have been  a relief to the over-stocked labor market of'this city,was no relief at all.  It Is the system which Is wrong. The  system of day-labor, or co-operative  system, effected In New Zealand a fair  day's  pay for a fair day's work, and  your position, a lease Is Issued'-for 999  years, and, an advance of $100, if married, and $50 if unmarried, toward your  house Improvement, repaid by half-  yearly Installments at 5 x>f cent, interest,. wiping trie., debt put In five  years... This has enabled 'thousands to  get their homes,.-.and settlement., are  being rapidly made.: Y  ftln 1S90 the: New Zealand Parliament  -ernpowered:,: tho_..Oovernm-nt ,;to, take,  possession' of any large'estate at'the  assessed price, eyen. though' the "owner  refused'to sell, and di.-.d".: ii. out 'into  sn.airfa.ms', to be let ou; on perpi'-lual  lease. This caused.a tremendous kick  aniong the large land owners. They  raised a huge cry abou-. the Govenir  ment 'having no fight to set aside the  vested rights 'of',' a private citizen or  corporation. :But the kick did no good  and the people are taking, through the  Government, estate: after estate where  the "original land-grabbers had established miniature monarchies among  their" tenants and -laborers. Thus the  ���rood work is going on in that new  country, and why should it not be so  in British Columbia? It is. n,new,  -country, and why ^hould it not be  made all that could be desired by every  one who wants a home here? I-purpose,'Mr. Editor, by your consent,: to  write several papers showing how tills  was accomplished, how the workers of  that-country took the matter In iiund  and made a . country of It, 'which Is  sought after by every intelligent thinker in the world, for Information which  must redound .ultimately. In all these  reforms "being adopted all over, and especially in Brtish Columbia.  "'Workingmen, read and think, so that  when the time conies In this Province  to put those reforms in practice, which  they surely will be, you, may bring to  bear on these several topics an enlightened'and thoughtful mind."  J. H. WATSON.  , certainly not,"  exclaimed the doctor Indignantly; "I  could cure it in five minutes, sir, but  I am not permitted to tio so under the  rules of the Physicians and Surgeons'  Union. You evidently do not understand the situation. Since' the labor  union Idea has been carried Into the  professions and other lines of business  each of us has his own particular work  to do, and dare not encroach upon the  work of anyone else. Why, sir, it  would be as serious a matter for me  to treat a case that rightfully 'belongs  to'an'aurlst' as it would for a plumber  to drive a nail in a new: house  avoid calling , in a  to  carpenter. The  union would fine me heavily, and I  might even 'be dropped from it entirely, in which case I would have difficulty.in earning a iliving. You must  call in a specialist,-anil,I. would recommend Dr. iWllkins.". -..-,.  "What's the matter, with Dr. Barker?", asked . the head of the house.  "He lives nearer an'd I could get him  more easily."  "Wouldn't: do at. all," replied the'  doctor -decidedly. ,.,"Hfl..mais be^. quite.:  "as good .an aurlst as /Dr. Wiil-ins,-but  he,doesn't belong to, the union, and if  he:-.were cailedYin'I would have, to  withdraw as your, family physician.  The rules do not permit me to work'  With a'non-union man."  .;.  .The householder sighed "and said,he  would send for Dr.'"Wilkin's.   ���';���'���  "But before you go, doctor,'; he said;  "I,.wish  you  would  look at Johnny"s  thing about it personally,: but 1 would;  suggest to you that, if it be true, that  you lose no time-in. having It taken  up and reconstructed by union labor." : . -.= ��� ,.'  ".Why so?"  "Because, sir,  the Amalgamated'As-.,  soclaftion   of  Professional  and   Trades  Unions   has, taken   the  matter tip  at  the request of the Carpenters' Union,  and  if It  be discovered   to be a fact, .  a sympathetic Strike or boycott of all  the  unions will  be declared. ,anil you  will be unable to gep.the services of  any  union  physician,  den''.'.',  lawyer,  architect,   druggist  or   merchant...'   I   .  speak for your own good, sir."     .,    !  "Anything nrtre; doctor?" asked the,,;  head of the.house resd.goedly.  '"Nothing much," said  the doctor in  an  offhand   way.   "OfY'ours?  we  are ���'.  not allowed    to  work    over eighteen  hours a day, and shourl you need my,;'  services any time during; the other six'  you   would  have   to  watt:   '"he  union'  rules are very strict in the inatter of ������������.���  overtime  work.   Then,  oi course,  the  number of. men   who may work .'ion  a;  easels limited.   Should 1 liejlrc a con-,  situation in some serious case I would:���  be at liberty to o'.'I in one physician,-  but: no more.- Tc,i many doctors.'.'.y���.���.*���' '..-,'���  know, - might  complete, the  quickly."  job   too  tVnd .with:that the.physician departed,  leaving, behind.hlrii  aiwoe-begone   ,  and troubled him.���Plumber's^ Journal..  :HELD AS SliAA'ES. Y.2 r  '���������''   ;v<' '   " ���'"   ...   ' "O: '., "'     ���'��� :;'������       ��� '.  From time: to,time reports reach the  North of men being held yertually as-  slaves in. the phosphate-mines-of.South"'  Carolina,  but  seldom  Is one of these  rumors so well substantiated as. that.  .-��� ;���.-���- Itold by an .Italian laborer, Nicolo'di  eyes. They have ti'oubled him a good Benedetto, to Consul-General Branch!  deal of late, and I, shouldn't  be sur- I ���, .,.,_  _,.-.    - ���      -  THE  BAKERS.  A lively meeting was held by the  Bakers union In Union hall on Saturday lust. Members from New Westminster were In full force. Several application for-membership were received and discussed. The following officers were elected for the ensuing half-  year: Bro. Brown, president; Bro.  Rawling, vice-president: Bro. Barnes,  recording secretary; Bro. Coombs, corresponding secretary: Bro. Salter, financial secretary; Bro. Webster, treasurer: Bro. "Walker, recorder of statistics: Bro. Moyle, sergeant-at-arms;  Bros. Brown, AValker. and Coonibs  were appointed auditors, and a  thorough overhauling of the business  affairs Is promised.  AYl-CAFFIR',3 JDE'A QF HEAVEN.  One calm and very hot Sunday in  South Africa I found myself an interesting spectator at a regimental church  parade of the Ninety-Second High-  landersz-who^were-then^statloned-lii  South Africa. All at once the service  was disturbed by a number of bullocks  rushing frantically among the tents,  and after them, doing his utmost to  keep, them together, was a Kaffir bullock driver, cursing and swearing in  the vilest English I ever heard. 1 went  to him as fast as I could, and remonstrated with him for using such fear-  ,    , .,        ������,���   . ���,.,���   fully bad language,    more   especially  the men received the^piofits   formerh the Lord's day, and wound up  secured  by  the con ractor.Jt places     ��, If he did not cease  ����..r "r���"i^ ��h&?���-.�� a -earlngfie need not expect ,o go to  greater Interest in his work. Public heaven He looked at me. a broad grin  works are carried out for their actual <������* his black face, and said: "Heaven  value, and    the. Government   secures  no  good,  sir.    If  Heaven  any good,  prised   to. find    he   is   troubled    with  granulation of the eyelids."  "Eyes," exclaimed . the doctor;  "eyes, sir? "Why,; I: .might : as well  throw,my union card. Into the street*  as do such a thing. You surely cannot  be In your right mind to ask such a  thing. Send for Dr. WaHlngfo.d, the  oculist,, if the boy has anything the  matter, with  his- eyes.": ;".���'.  "But, great heavens, dootor!" protested the head of the house, "think of  the expense of employing so many  physicians of one kind or another!"  "Can't help lt,t.slr., I'dare, not: disobey the rules of the union."!  "But you never .raised such objec-  tio.';.. before.".  "The union,was formed only reccn  of this city,  who has made affidavit  to the deception and cruelty practiced  upon  him  in  the  mines at: Pori Pon,  S. C. and has appealed fo his'.consul.,  to rescue a lot of his fellow country-;!'  men   who  are  held   there: by an  unscrupulous padrone system,, backed by,  armed. guards   and; corrupt ,officials, '  vi.'-o will not enforce the law against  the mine owners and padrones in favor;  of Ignorant and  moneyless laborers. '���  Benedetto, in his a;davit. swear's that  when he landed here from Italy/green  to the ways of the country, a padrone  met him'In Mulberry-st. arid told him  he could get $a a day by working in.  the Pon Pon mines. When he got there  the padrone paying' his railway Ifare,:  he  found  he  could  only get 30.cents  ly, sir." explained the physician.   "Be- | a day, and the company charged him  erehlp will go to Mr. J. P. Booth, who | market  Patronize home industry by smoking  Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers," or  Spanish Blossoms'! cigars.   They are  union made and the best cigars in the  complete conlol ove Its own expenditure. It enables the Government to  have works completed In time, as under pressing circumstances. They nrc  n'bel - to put'on as many men as the  engineer can employ. For an Illustration, take the case of the Falrvlew  people, who were compelled to hold Indignation meetings before the work  was done on the bridge. Now, under  the New Zealand system, it would have  been done In one-fourth the time, with  greater efficiency. No risk of scamping or Inferior material. The charge  that the New Zealand Government  could sometimes secure.contracts 'at a  low price, was true, but the Government, insisted on paying an honest  price, and caused no; man a loss, as  often occurs to contractors accepting  the lowest tended. The lowest: tender  system: Is a fraud and a disgrace.' its  | tendency is to keep men working for  England  take  It  long ago."    And  off  he went swearing as hard ns ever.  DIRECT LEGISLATION. .  Direct Legislation���Law-making by  the voters.  The Initiative���The proposal of a law  by a. percentage of the voters.  The Referendum���The vote at the  polls on a law proposed through the  Initiative, or, if petitioned for by a percentage of the voters, or any law passed by a legislative body.  Proportional Representation���A plan  of nominating and electing legislators  and executives which shall voice the  exact choice ofthe voters In proportion  to their numerical strength.  The Imperative Mandate���The right  to vote out of office through the Initiative and Referendum any official who  tails to perform his duty.  fore it was organized I was at libei't.  to! do whatever my learning qualified  me.to do, but it Is different now."  "Oh, all right. If I must, I must,"  returned the head of the house resignedly. : "At any., rate you can attend to my wife's case."  "What's the matter with her?" inquired  the doctor.   " .  "Her nerves.   She has been troubled  With " I  -:.'  Send for Dr. Smithkins. the neurologist,"   Interrupted  the  doctor.   "If   ho  ,eveif,learned-I=liad=pi'escribed-for"~dis^  ordered nerves or anything in that line  he  would prefer charges against me.  nnd;.. the fine-wouldn't  be a cent  les.  than   $500.   Surely  you.   being  a   man  of the  world  and presumably  reasonably up to date, should know all this,  sir.   It  is .Inexcusable in  you   thus  to  waste my time and tempt me to violate my solemn  pledges  to  m.v  fellow  practitioners.   If  1  should   report   the  facts to the union I have no doubt a  boycott would be declared against you,  and you  would experience groat-difficult*,* getting    medical    treatment  nt  nil.".,  .������gain the head of the house sighed.  "Let   It   pass,  doctor,"   he, said.   "1  assure  you   1. had   no  sinister  design  In calling you In, iiikI there certainly  Is one ease you can treat."  "And  what may that be?"  "Why.   my eldest  daughter,   .Mabel,  seems  to  have overworked   hers?!!' a:  school, and 1 think her brain Is slightly affected.   She had a bad fright l.-u-t  night,   too,  arid   to-day she   has  been  somewhat   Highly,   and     irresponsible.  There are vagaries that "  "Send for Dr. Williamson,!the alienist, sir," Interrupted the doctor short-,  Into trouble, anil the only .safe thing  ly. "You seem detcrmine-1 to! le.idnie  for me to do -seems" to be to retire. T  shall���take pleasure, sir, in; "sending!  you a copy of the rules of our .���.union,'  so that in future you may not lr.ake  such serious and dangerous hltiriders.  A physician less kindly- disposed than  I would niake'all- kinds of trouble if  | you"presented such.'propOHlt:ons;to''him.  just that for board and lodging. There .,  'was nowhere else to board, or lodge.:  ���When, after trying it a while he refused!  to work any longer, he was told that he  owed for his railway fare, and! could  not go until he. had paid it.  ���Benedetto swears  that he saw one  Italian shot ileadvby a keeper because ;  he attempted  to run    away   without     .  paying for his railroad fare, though it  was  Impossible   for  him   to  earn  one.  "  cent more than the cost of his keep,  and_ the. keeper,was_aequittegYO-n_,P-ir.r_;as_=  "jured   testimony   of  self-defence.    On  the night of February ,26th, in a heavy  storm,   Benedetto   managed   to  escape   .  on   a   freight   train,   and   worked ihis  way back to this city by slow degrees.  The Italian Consul-General. Branch!,  has repeatedly apiiealed to the South  Carolina authorities to stop these outrages In the phosphate mines, but It  Is exceedingly difficult to get evidence  against them, it Is said, so long as the  local county officials stand In with the  fmdrones.���New York Tribune.  TheJap coolie is not finding it quite  so'easy"to oust -white lumber workers:  from  Ptiget Sound,    as   he expected.  Thus the Western workers have resisted attempts to replace them in lumber  mills -at NewWhatcom, so effectively,  that  for the time  large numbers  of  would-be Oriental laborers of what labor  men  call  the  "scab"  type,  have  been driven away.    On this side of the  line more peaceable measures will prevail under British' law. but assuredly,  here, as In "Washington State, the altogether undue present influx of Jap  coolies -must..be.'stopped :   We neither  need nor desire n series of little Japan.?  in British Columbia.       There Is  space enough and to spare for hundreds of thousands of: Japanese in Central and Southern America, where tliere  are.only. a.few'settlers .to', the. square  mile and there are abundant opportunities for Oriental cheap, labor .without  suffering It to degrade.'inuiieasurably  the social cf-mlltion of "Western/ workers.���News-AdvertlserY*,.YY'YY''Y THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY  JUNE' 23, 190O  THE INDEPENDENT.  BY  GEO.  liA'RTLI-Y.  PUBLISHED   WEEKLY   IN   THE   INTEREST   OF   ORGANISED  LABOR  �� BY  THE INDBPEKDUNT PRINTING CO-.!-  l'ANY.  'AT  ���i\2    HOMER   STREET,   VANCOUVER,   H.   C  srr.sciui'TioNS in 'advance.  A week, 5 cents; month. 15 cents; three  ���months, �� cents; six months, C5 cents;  one year, ifl.2."'.  'ENDORSED   BY   THE  .TRIADES   AND  LABOR   COUNCIL.  SATLMIDAY  .JUNE 23.  11)00  '-.   THE CHINESE TAX.  ���It were useless to ,deny���it, were foolish to do so���thin in the ranks of .labor  a cold   sweat is.still   noticeable exuding from many strong frames over th-j  failure -of  the Government  at Ottawa  ,   to keep its promises regarding'.he tax  on  the! pig-tailed  Mongolians  who are  making the white man's life miserable  in this section of the Dominion.     Th-j  pledge was given by Sir Wilfrid Laurie,  to n somewhat busy local politician  during     inc.     .\laxwell-Cowan-,Bowser  campaign that the views of the Liberals   of   the   West   would   prevail   with  Mm   in    reference   to this   impost,  so  vital   to  the  best  interests  of  liritish  Columbia.    A  great hurrah was made  over    this    message,  all   the  changes  ���were rung on  it, and  we,  in our sublime   faith,   beiieved   that  the  Asiatic  was a back-number, that his end  had  come.     What .was  to  have  been   the  ,rax?    One that would completely shut  out this undesirable and nefarious race  who,   reaching  over  our  shores,   east  upon   lt'n   blight   lhat   not  only   destroys our commercial,  but our social  life as well.    !lf was distinctly.-understood' on all  hands  that  the tax  was  to  be $"iOO,  which, considering the abject    poverty   of the  ordinary   coolie,  ���would have been sufficient to meet the  requirement's of the-case,  and  put an  end to further immigration.    What do  .we find?    The tax has been raised J30;  whereas before  it was placed  nt   that  amount, it is now a paltry $100, which  their -taskmasters' and owners ran easily grind  out of the miserable slaves,  the heathenish  vassals, who are bound  to t'homwhen they reach this country.  :is solidly'as the veriest criminal who  is shackled   to. prevent  his outwitting  the sentence which the court  imposes  upon  him.     The thing is a farce, and  must be faced as such, until justice is  done.    The additional $50 Is the poorest  kind   of   bait,   it   would   not   catch'a.  sucker, much less the king of fish, and  :> it will be spurned by the workingmen'  of this  city and  province, as.a cheap  insult  unworthy of an Administration  that owes so much  to the labor vote.  The Japanese -who  are coming  in  by  the  thousands,  and  out  of whom   the  naturalization  officers, make  hundreds  ..." of dollars weekly, are'not to be touched; Imperial interests save them.   We  are, .however.^thrown    the    son  of .a  Royal Commission to Investigate what  everybody   famili.u-  with   the   circumstances already  knows;! a  costly  holiday  to. the  people for a few  political-  favorites in high place?, who suck the  paps of party dry.    We all remember  the   celebrated   roving  commission   on  ���the Chinese question/sent out to B'l-lt-  ������ish Columbia, in which Nicholas Flood  Davln figured to an inordinate extent.  Nor have we forgotten the Prohibition  Commission,  which  gave, several  very  excellent gentlemen in their own way  an opportunity to girdle the continent  at the public.expense, and which effected absolutely nothing. , Who  wants a  commission?    What necessity is there  for  it.  when  all  the  facts are  before  those resident in the West, and should  be familiar to the Government and its  officials.      It   would   only   have   b��eti  keeping faith with the electorate, and  especially  the workingmen.  if the entrance  fee for Chinese had  been  raised  _-to  S500,   and  the^ 'proposed_leg.lsn 11ion  ���-ba:sed--dn-f!w"=pr()fl"_]ons  ortheYNatal  Act made applicable ns well to Chinese  as Japanese. Nothing short of measures of this kind���and then only as a  beginning���will meet with the endorsn-  tlon of .those whose families are suffering from the curse ot Oriental Immigration. ���'..-.���  Till. ���REOiRG>-"13_ATION.  U is- probable that the coming session of the Local Legislature will be  -���ft-brief one. indeed it may be considered merely a continuation of the Inst  ior the purpow of closing up business  then unperformed for reasons known  to everybody. The passing of the es'ti-  ���male.s will be the principal feature.  The understanding Is that no contentious legislation will be Introduced, and  if those opposed to the Government  should alttempt to do otherwise, It  would be without result. Allowing  the latter the benefit of every doubtful member, giving them the,widest  latitude .the pit. ties would stand thus:  OPPOSITION���Martin,    Curtis,    GII-  . Tnour,   Brown, :.VIcInnes,  Oliver, Smith  ���(S.E. Kootenay)���7.  './���[������  UNDBPBNDEIN.T���Munro, Houston,  Nelll, Smith (Nanaimo City), Kidd,  ���Green, Staples���7. ���'���'���   ��� ���'���."���'-.������  'Making the Opposition total, 14. ,  Taking up  the forces on   the'either  side, the following is the showing:  'GOVERNMENT.-Dunsmuir,  Turner,  Eberts, Garden, Tatlow. Dickie, McBrlde, 'Fulton, Taylor, Hayward, Prentice. iMurphy. Wells, Ellison, Smith-  (Lillooet). Hunter, .Rogers, Mounce.  Booth. Helmeken. Hall. McPhillips,  Pooley, Clifford���24.  This gives a clear majority'of 10  in a full House, giving the possible originators of contentious matters no  chance of doing anything except ob-  sti-ucl. nnd this could not last long.  Wlihth-. rising of the Mouse re-organ-  lzntlon would at once follow, lt Is altogether probable that Mr. Dunsmulr,  having accompli, hvd hLs object���the  bringing about of :i new administration  of public affairs���will .retire, and It is  beyond conjecture thai Mr. Turner will  gi> t(> London as Agent-General for  llie Province. We do not pretend In  be a prophet, or the- son of a prophet.  r-.t''.hiT are we possessed of the inni".  winkings of the secret conclave bold in  ilii. city nn 'Monday nnd Tuesday last,  hist we would suggest lhat tho following be cut out and pasted in a 'conspicuous "place for reference, and it  may be 'that The Independent .has  proved a .seer indeed:  Hon. .lames F. Garden, Chief Commissioner of Lands nnd Works.  Hon. W. C. Wells. Minister of Finance. .  .-.- ;;.;..:'y"-:--''"  ��� Hon. ft. F. Gr?en. .Minister of Mines.  Hon. H. D. Helmeken. Provincial Secretary. _ !  . Hon. D. M. Eberts. Attorney-Genera!.  Hon.-Ralph Smith. Minister of Education nnd Commissioner of Labor.  Thi.?, it will he observed, gives three  -Ministers to the Island and three to  Hie JMalnland. In federal polities  (here are two strong Liberals, Messrs.  Wells and Smith, whlle^Mr. Booth, the  next assured Speaker, Is of the same  kidney, and a fightei at tb-at. Tn matters of this kind, compromises must be  made, and no doubt things- will even  tli.'inselves up in due time, though  as ;i matter of f.a'ct. Ithere is no particular reason why Dominion issues  should enter into Provincial a Hairs.  even admitting the Conservatives were  arrayed against' the Liberals.  The matter of the Premiership will  easily be settled. Looking over the  above list, two or three names will  readily suggest themselves���one gentleman a. resident of the Mainland, and  the other two of the Island, either of  whom would discharge the duties pertaining to the position with large tact  and distinguished ability.. There will  bo no necessity for a general election,  iiml the electorate, barring office-seekers.-, will feel pleased If re-organization  can be effected without a recourse to  ���the unnatural excitement, and convulsion of business,which, this demands.  It will be perceived, that the Government we have "slated" would be. with  one exception, oi new one, and 'the  health j- b'ood infused into our parliamentary system of government would  be in every way beneficial. Tlie interests of labor would In the above  Ciiibincl be well protected. .Mr. Ralph  Smith would occupy ...new portfolio  to be created for the purpose of con-  ct.l-vin.e- ih'e rights of the worfslngmnn,  heretofore not recognized. The bureau would,no doubt follow'somewhat  the lines of that which ,Hon. Col. Baker  imitituted some years ago, and reintroduced in an amended form at the  last, session by Hon..-Mr. Cotton, but  would be more practical i,n its design  and work, and this latter .would be of  n far-reaching character. Then Mr.  Smith, It is safe to, say that none is  better suited to initiate the machinery  connected with this department anil  curry it through to a successful conclusion.'.' A. self-made man. be "possesses the entire confidence of his fellows, as his tremendous vote over the  Hon. .1. Stuart Yates shows. This  would be ithe first time that Labor was  ever recognized in this way. and the  elevation of Mr. Smith, who is the dis-  tiiiguisbed President'of' Ihe .Canadian  Labor Congress/ would go a long way  to put an end tn the seemingly inter'-,  niinable difficulties between- the employer and employee. With a Cabinet  In power such as that outlined above,  with Business' First its motto, prosperity to a large extent mi^ht be expected to return, giving the many  short hours and fair wages, and,restoring that confidence in foreign capitals  ���which- ihas in comparatively recent  'years been lost. Strang,' brainy young  men are needed at this juncture in nu'r  public affairs, and wise and patriotic  s-e'ections' can readily be made.  1-verybodv should hold no both hands  to make President iRalph Smith th.  new Premier.   '  into private life of his own volition.  It must be evident to those who take  a calm, unprejudiced view of the matter that only the gravest urgency necessitated the drastic action of the  Federal Government in ordering a dismissal that .must have occasioned the  .Ministry much heartfelt sorrow. The  interest of the State, and the voice of  the people, are paramount and personal  iVeling and considerations must give  way to them. , -���.  Sir Henri, it will perhaps be remembered, was mentioned In connection  with the position when the Government were trying lo select a man U>  succeed the Hon. Edgar Dewdney. Tn  give him his full name the Hon. Sir  Henri Oustave July de Lotbiriiere, Q.  I'.. K. C. M. G.. ic. the eldest son of  the late Gaspard Pierre Gustavo Joly,  a Huguenot native of France, who became Seigneur de Lotblniere by hln  marriage with Julie Christian Chariler  de Lotbinierp, grand-daughter ot the  late Marquis de Lotblniere, engineer-  Sn-chief of New France. Sir Henri was  born in France in l._!l. and was educated there, and, coming to Canada,  took up the study of law, being admitted to the Quebec bar In 1855. He was  returned to the Canada Assembly in  3_G1 for the county which bore his  name, and took a prominent part ln  the Confederation debates, opposing  the union of the Provinces. In 1S67  he whb returned to both the House of  Commons and the Provincial Legislature, and remained a member of both  bodies until 1S74, when dual representation was abolished, and he resigned  his seat in the Dominion House. He  led the Opposition in' the Provincial  Assembly until 1878, when he became  Premier, which position he held for a,  year. For the next four years he. was  again lender of the Opposition. In  ISSii he retired from public life, on account of his disapproval of the course  of the Liberal party in respect to the  Riel rebellion, but re-appearee in 1S93,  as a delegate to the Reform convention at Ottawa. From that time lie  took a prominent part in he campaign which resulted in, the Liberals  being returned to power in 1S9G, and,  being elected for Partneuf, was made  Minister of Inland Revenue. He is a  member of the Church of England.  Two eons are officers In the British  army, serving in India.  It is said that he will be succeeded  in the Cabinet by a member from the  Province of Quebec, probably M. Ber-  nler, the. member of St. Hyaeinthe.  The pew Governor is expected to arrive here within a few days, his, departure being hurried owing to the  serious political exigencies which confront the people and which, to a. large  extent, will be disposed of upon his  arrival. Sir Henri is notoriously pro-  Chinese, but it matters very little to  the average workingman who is the,  lieutenant-governor, inasmuch as he  has no say whatever In his selection,  but It matters a whole lot to the  scheming politician, who is after the  job. As a point o�� principle, however,  we are opposed tn eolnc outside out-  own Province for an official of any  kind upon any and ail occasions: 'The  King is dead, long! live  the King."  SOCIALIST LABOR.  A well attended meeting of the United Socialist Labor Party of British  Columbia was held on Monday night  in the lecture hall, over the Library.  Business of importance was gone into  pertaining to the well being of the organization nnd the spread of the education of Socialism, in the Province  of British Columbia. To attain that  end, It was decided to build a Socialist  hall, In the city, nt an early date.  The above hail will be built by script.  The following committee was appointed to enrry ojit the above work:  Messrs. "Webster, Mac Clain. Bong,  Peters, MacKeny and Neeiand." lt wns  decided to have a reresentatl've at the  International congress, to be held in  Paris, at nn early date. Comrade  Hoag was the delegate chosen to represent the United Socialist Labor  Party of British Columbia. A mass  meeting will be held on Saturday night  nt the corner-of Carrall and Cordova  streets.  PAINTERS  AND   DECORATORS.  The local' Brootherhood of Painters  and Decorators met last Tuesday even-  when the following ofllcers were elected  for the ensuing term: Preceptor, H.  Judson; president, W. Davis; vice-  president, E. Tipper; recording-secretary, E. Tompkins; financial-secretary,  B, Cross; treasurer, H. MeSorley; conductor, A. Sloan; warden, C. Pinder;  trustees, Messrs. E. Sordet, V. Hall and  W. H. Stoney; delegates to Trades  council, W. Davis, E. Tompkins and  II. MeSorley. The Painters' union being in favor of independent political  action, elected R. Buchanan, A. Sloan  and . H. Judson as extra delegates to  the convention called by the Trades  and Labor council. Although the trade  Is not very brisk at present the Painters' union is in a flourishing condition,  with a good large  membership.  LEST WE FORGET.  Editor Independent: Workingmen  must not forget that the new Premier,  Hon. James Dunsmuir, like the other  mlllloraire, Andrew,, Carnegie, is nn  arch enemy of labor. He has caused  more aching hearts of men, women  nnd children, than any other human  monster on the Pacific coast. Many  of us have lost all we ever had. in  fighting for our rights against that oppressive company. But human blood  and bone are cheap. F. O'B.  Vancouver, June 22, 1900.  THE  GOVERNOR DIS'MISSiED.  After having been given' an opportunity to resign, and falling to do so,  an order-in-councll passed the Cabinet  at u meeting held at Ottawa on Thurs-  .fo.1 Pj j__j___* I sm i ss I n g._ t.heJH.o.ii.jr.homa s  R. Mc'IJines. 'Lieutenant-Governor or  ihe Province of British Columbia, and  which only awaits the signature of  the Governor-General. Lord Minio,  who is down tho St. Lawrence fishing, to take effect. Sir Henri Joly,  Minister of Inland Revenue, succeeds  him and has already said good-bye to  the civil servants in his department.  It was apparently Impossible for the  Government to have acted otherwise  in the case of Mr, Mcinnes If stable  government was to be restored. Many  will regret that an outsider has been  chosen to take his place, but the clr-  ciimstancps were peculiarly difficult,  so many of our available public men  being mixed up In polltles.-whlch have  been for some time In a chaotic condition. Sir Henri, who Is a courtly old  gentleman, will, It is anticipated, restore to the exalted position much of  the "dignity" which.in recent years it  has lost and which Is essential to constitutional rule. Mr. Mcinnes. It may  be said, first entered political life ln  1S78,  In which year he was elected to  THE FISHERMEN.  For some time the white fishermen  have had dreams of a united Fisherman's' union, one which would embrace every nationality under the sun,  who'could call himself n fisherman,  and having fishing rights around this  coast. With this end in view. Mr.  Watson, organizer to the Trades Council of this city, organized a strong,  lodge of fishermen in Westminster  last fall. It was not long after this  when the sister city of Vancouver  formed a Fishermen's union also, and  whilst Westminster was halting as to  the best course to pursue, whether to  open the lodge to Japs and others,'  Vancouver with a spirit of freedom and  liberality, and, fully realizing the absolute necessity of such a course, opened its doors freely to Japs and Indians  and to those of every other nationality!"  So that to-day. .no matter what part  of the world a man hails from. If he  became a British subject be.can find  an asylum in the Fishermen's Protective union, of British "Columbia. A  friendly visit was paid to the. Japanese union at Steveston by a deputation appointed from the Vancouver  lodge on Sunday lust. There they  found the union, although young���not  being formed more than two months���  in a most healthy condition, having  some twelve -hundred members, with  five hundred others ready to join at  the next meeting. It la properly o(Ilr  eered and conducted In a strict manner. They had got down to business  in good shape, naving set their price  for_tliejJlshlng_.season_at_:-5_.cenlsYa.  NEW CABINET MINISTERS.  Lieutenant-Governor Mcinnes swore  in on Thursday the following new Ministers: XV. C. Weils, Lands and Works;  J.: D. Prentice, Provincial Secretary  and ;Ministers of Education; R. Mc-  Bride,; Minister of Mines. Bye-elections in" Victoria, and South Victoria  will be: held on July 3rd,'when Messrs-  Turner and Eberts will have to be'endorsed!  The Ontario government Is" accused  of having granted, monopolies in the  pulpwood of great blocks, embracing  thousands of square miles of country,  and of trying to do It again. The  Globe defends it.: but the World calls  it a grab. .' ;"...  ���Hon. Hugh John:, Macdonald proposes to accept the Northern Pacific's  offer to sell Its Manitoba lines by buying them for the province and thus to  make a beginning of government ownership of railroads.  'Ralph Smith- left for Rossland on  yesterlay's Limited, under .Instructions  from tlie iDominion Labor Commissioner. Mr. Chile; to (put the final touches  on the report of the settlement of the  lalfe eight-hour trouble.-  A gent's good Linen  Handkerchief:  We Have Them  At Less Price for the  same grade elsewhere  Prom 10, 15,  25 to 35c. Each  We also carry a Large ***  Assortment of Gents'  , LMBRELLAa /  from $1, $fi 25,  $8*5 to  J 70 Cordova^ Cor. Cambie.  A.M. TYSON,  WHOLESALE AND  I1ET.UI. DEALER IX  Fish, Game, Fruit,  and  vegetables.  112 Cordova St.  'Phone 442  rices  so...  LOW..  That you can't help becoming a purchaser  To-dny in ���  Our Men's and Boys'  Clothing Departments  Your choice" of over $1,000 beautiful lies  ���Derby knots, pufifs, clubs, bows, etc., all  new and stylish, only 25c..  Black cotton, half hose, seamless  Heimsdorf dye; sold everywhere at 20c.  Special for to-ilny.itwo pairs for S!ie.  Fine, double-thread balbrigsnn under-  weiir, French neck, nicely finished, only  r>Oe each.  TH1_R1_'S A SUIT BAnGA'.*.. Something over 125 tweed and serge suits,  comprising all suits in our store under  SH0. Your choice o�� the wholo lot, fop  *.��-50-'  XVo never offered such value in panta  ns this: Fine Eglish worsted and Scotclm  tweeds" properly tailored, perfect fitting,  worth ?4 easy. Special $2.*>0.  Boys' serge sailor suits, gold braided*.  Only 75c.      .-.   *���'  Hats���Black or brown stiff or fedoras.  American fur felts, $2.50 huts. SPEC1UI_  TO-DAY, $1.50.  THE^*^  CG;^ LTD.  180 Cordova St.  Cigar and Tobacco Store  46 CORDOVA STREET.  We make a specialty of Union-made'Oigars'and  Tobaccos, consequently we always give good satisfaction.   Your patronage solicitedY '  ;.-���;.    '."���'.'��� MAKES A Sl'111'IAI.TV (I.   .:.      :  ,o    Dewors SDeciQi Liqueur, oiso - .  ; o������,  usnersBiockLoueiLiqueurwnisKy  ������'.--LARUE STOCK OK- ! .''���"!.  ;'���   'iSirOKTED AXD DOMKSTIO ,  Quann Bros.,    -   -   'Props.  . ColiNEIi:C'OK_OVA AND CAUKALI..  The labor unions of this city know-  now just exactly kow strong they are.  Subscribers not receiving their paper  will  kindly  notify   The   Independent.  Sick People,  Purlieuliirly the laboring mini, iviint the  Y VKHY lll'ST lll-di-illl'. it is possible 1"  proeure. Why? Iteeiiuse it mciins dol-  lurs to be kept from work, through  cheap .seeowl-eit'.ss drugs. ' Wu use oniy  the in*sT, nnd emplov only .skilled lubnr  in dispense your doctor's I'ltESCUlI'-  TIO-*.y. Xo.si!iib labor for us. We do  everylhing on the union principle.   .  fish. It only now remains 'ror the  white fishermen who, up to recently  did not know exactly what to do, not  knowing what action the Japs would  take. Now that the course is clear it  Is to be hoped the white fishermen will  fall In .line, and by fair treatment,  and manly and brotherly conduct,  show the Japs that they are one with  them: that an injury to one 'must be  an Injury tu nil; that the .'li'st :iii,n  found doing Ihe, wrong thing should  be made an example of as a warning  to others; and alnve all, let united  nctlon In all matters prevail, so'lhat  the Fishermen's union, whc-i It pm-alt.,  inny lie heard with'ho uncertain ���voice,  and you need not fear th��- result. j\'���w  then, fishermen, get into line.  The Up-to-Date Druggist,  COIl. SEY.MOUIt AND  HASTINGS .STIIEKTS  SS. DEFIANCE  J. A. CATES,   -     - Master.  leaves Evans, Coleman & Kvinis* vvlmrf,'.Viin-  (-ouvur, every day at 8:15 a.Mil, for Itritmuila  mine, Howe Somnl, retnrnlnir .same ilav. Kv-  ery .MONDAY, WKDNKSIUY, and SATIJlUU Y,  Ilritt-mnia Mine, Shannon's It rick Yard, month  of Sqiimiiish river, in river when ,Uile stilts,  ���tii��l wav ports.  * -EVKRY T.UKSDAY AND FRIDAY ��� Rrititn-  nia Mine by way of Oil^on's Landing, calling  at all lojiKinj*. Cuiniis. -  KVKUY THURSDAY '��� n'ritumiia. Mine and  w��y ports.     ' .  '  The most beautiful scenery in.liritish Columbia on this route; line fishing iind shooting  at,So.uitmi.sh river. Kor rates apply at Kvans,  Columnn -t Kvans' wharf, oron hoard Bteamsliip  Dollauce. ,  LUNCHES PUT UP.  John  CATKRINU AarRCIALTV.  onfectioner.  A full line of Coxfectionkry and  -.��������� I'ASTRIKS. ^.-!.; .;' ,._  Ice Cream Delivered.  413 Hastings Street  Vanco-Vee. K. C  (E arc Direct Imi*orteus  New  THE"  61116  NOTICE.  A meeting of the Fishermen's union  will be held ln Union hall, corner  Dunsmulr and Homer streets, on Saturday night, June 2,1rd, at S o'clock.  All -fishermen and boat-pullers are re-'  the House oi Commons for New .Vest- j quested to attend. A mass meeting  minster. He represented that constit- will he held at New Westminster on  uency until 1881, when he was called Saturday, June 30th. at 2 n. m. All  to the Senate. In November, 1897, he | men connected with the fishing indus-  was appointed Lieutenant-Governor of   try are requested  to be present.    73y  British Columbia, and if it had not  been for his actions in dismissing the  Turner admlnstration in 1898, It no  doubt would have been in power today, against the wishes of the people:  Regret will be expressed by many that  His Honor did not see bis way clear:  to retire earlier and thus, have gone'  order of CentraY Board, per  Y    F. A. ROGERS, sec. pro tern.  .. ������ ���   Vice-president.  Vancouver, June 22, 1900.  ���Boys and girls who are fond of live  "petfi" should read Mr. Ivani  Boushong's ad.  hi another column/1  :Y  And see our exeellent line of rAl'ETHKIHS  nml OFI'ICE Slil'I'hIKS, nil of wliich ure nt  inoileriile prices.  We enrry n full line of the  Latest Books  And Periodicals      ^  oi;i: i'ltis'i'iso i'acii.itiks ,\iti_  , U.NICXCUM.KIl.  ('nil unci see our lending library.  PAYNE STATIONERY CO  1'rintors, Hoolcsuller.s and Stationers,  145 JJastfngK Street Ernst     -     -      Vaneoiivur  ElectricLLight  Is now within the reach nf everybody.  Prices have lately been redueed, and tho  .]-.���(:. Klectric Railway Company have  their lines allover the city.' Do not de-  J mv, but in*-tall and use tiik Oni.v Light,  ���which is absolutely  Safe, Clean and  Up-to-date.  Hats and Ties  Page Ponsford Bros.  605 Hastings St.  Hardie & Thompson  Marine and General _���_=_.- ���".*..  Consulting Meehaiiieiil Eiigincers  5-0 coudova St. w., Vancouver, B. C. Tel. 76?  I'liteiiteen nnd desk-ncrs of tlio IlHrdie-  Tliompson wntor tuue boiler, new hlgli  speed reversing engines, nnd s[>eeinl  liiHebluery In light sections for mines.  PttOl'ELLEKS DESION'EII.    ENOIN13 IND1CATEI1 AN��  ' ADJUSTED.  Sole ngents in II. C. nnd X. \V. Torritorles for  tlie United Flexible Jletnlile Tubing-Co., Ltd..  I->nd(iii, Kiig.  Arlington  Hotel  Cordova St. West.  Ifeadqiiarlcru for tho engineering trade  . ��� in Vaneouver.  CHOICEST^-2^**-   :      ;  Liquors and Cigars  First-class rooms from 00 cents up.  ROBT.HINTLY,   -   -   PROP.  If fiflrefullv looked after It Is elienimr  tlmn ennl nil, nml, oh I wlint n illfferelieu  in tlie evening.   Apply for rates nt llie  Company's Office,  Cor. Carrall and Hastings Sts.  Vancouver's Most      ^  Fashionable Tailor y~  442~>>   Westminster Ave.  " Upward nn<1 Onward '���  liXCKI.SIOlf-      �� 1  Steani Laundry  li. KOHEIlTiSpN, rroprlelor.   :  I'nder tlie new iiinutiKCinetit every euro Is  tnken U'ltliL-iiiiils entrusted to tliviu. IttUI'mi-  der street.   M'liimu H70.  crry wood yard  FOIt ALL KINDS OK  Stovewood n  ���0  �����  irAHIUS STHKKT WHAItK.  R. H1I.EY, ..-'����������� 'ii-.  TEL. CM.  :*,)  CALL"   At the workingmnn's watchmaker and jeweller'.  before Purelinsing anywhere else. Ho Is known  through B. C. for gooil nnd cheap watches and  Jewelry.  Watch repairing a. specialty,  ' ��� ;.\ ::^fi;-'-.tl��WA!Ni:'- -,:.";-*':-*':.'''  130 Cordova Street, opposite 8a.oj  Theatre, Vancouver.  i\ SATURDAY ��....����r..JUNB 2., 1900  THE INDEPENDENT  !->  I  w  !  fi-  \  ���ooaooaaoaaaaoaaaaaaaaooaa&baaiaaiiaaaaaaaaaaoaaoaooaa  �� o  u  u  u  o  u  ��.  u  u  ��  w  u  u  u  u  u  u  w  u  u  o  IPS THE...  COME-AGAIN CUSTOMED  WE WANT...  o  <���*���  o  o  o  o  o  ��v  o  ft  ft  ft  o  ��  o  ��  o  G  ft  O  o  o  Tlie customer who 'lias'been promptly,  politely and intelligently served, and on  top of that realizes that he has paid the  lowest bottom prices, goes away?pleased..,  The   pleased   customer   conies   back  again. v   :  These ,.storcs   are   run  with   a. full^  knowledge of these truths.  Join lis.  HUDSON'S BAY STOKES a  Granville Street  A MASS OF TESTMOM.  ',.'..���  A OOOI> MOV'E'.*I��">*T.  ,  The.action of the Vancouver Trades  and Labor council in calllngr a convention of representatives of all the Labor  ."Unions for June _7, to perfect the organization  of  the  Independent Labor  Party,   which   for  the   first   time  put  its candidates in the field at the last  Provincial  election,  is   one   that  will  meet with cordial approval from intelligent    laboring men  throughout    the  Province.   The objection raised during  the campaign that members of Parliament representing purely labor Interests would, on the face of it, be a step  in  the  direction  of  class legislation,  lias realljYno foundation In tact.   The |  laboring classes of this or any country are  the  foundation  of  the  whole  /social and industrial structure, and in  making laws with the, direct object of  benefiting  this   class "no /possible  injury can be done to- any other class.  As a matter ot fact workmen in every  country are laboring under disabilities  ���of which they experience the practical  i effects .in  every  recurring hard times  ;'.and'low wages with continual poverty  and of which they are but vaguely beginning to see the cause.  To be a power in- the framing of legislation Is the  only avenue of relief and  the formation  of  an: Independent Labor Party  presents the most practical 'and effective method ofisecuring this;  The defeat at last election should be  :  no  discouragement.    The vote  of the  ���workingmen in British Columbia1 is by  .far  the' largest, of any,  and  there  is  no reason  why, With a proper, organization,  enough   labor  representatives  should not be returned at the election  ��� to hold the balance ot power, and force,  .legislation-for. the .benefit "of the people,  rather.than  for  the"--benefit-, of  ;wealth and .vested..interests.: : .Y  .';  We congratulate the Trades and Labor council. of Vancouver    on    their'  move,   and', would  suggest   that 'since  .Vancouver" has. taken, the'  initiative,  .'���other rTrades    and ..Labor    councils  :throughout  the  Province discuss  the  proposel  with   the, object .of  forming  :a Provincial organization to place candidates in':the, field  where .there is  a  ;'.- good show. of success, and ���falling that,  to secure from such candidates asare  '."before the eliectorato, pledges to support   the   legislation    they    desire   to  pass.���Nanaimo Herald, Y  j creasing the productiveness, of labor  'made the condition of the laborer no  better, and that the children, Instead  of being able to attend the new schools  provided, were forced to go to work  in the ..factories," the earnings of their;  parents being insufficient; to support  them. This Is so familiar to the western observer that it awakens no comment, but the search of the Japanese  students for an explanation Is instructive���Toronto Globe."  FISHERMAN'S TRADE UNION.  Sir,���We, tiie undersigned, representatives of the British Columbia Fisherman's Union, would feel very grateful  if you would find u_ space to publish  the following in your paper. At -a  meeting of therrepresentatlves of the  B. C. F. U. held at Steveston on the  17th. Inst.,. It was resolved thait the  Japanese aiid"white fishermen unite for  the protection of our industry. It was  also resolved that a. set price be maintained throughout the season, and furthermore that that price be 2")'cents a  fish. Seeing that the Japanese, are al-��|  ready united with a membership of 1,250.  It now rests with the -'white.; men to  make this union a success." It Is to  be .sincerely hoped that all whites (or  any other;color) who havecnot Joined,  .will do so at once. The fish are the  property of the fishermen, and that being .po, It.ls'tlme we had some say as  to what price we shall ask. &���   .  Signed: PETER WYLIE. J.**"L. ANDERSON. JAS. DUNIMiR: Japanese  lopresentatives. J. SHTMAMURA.  President: K.'OKI, Vice-President; Y.  YA'.rAC.AK*I, Secretary. .  .. Vancouver. B.C., June 20th, 1000.   "���  An Ottawa despatch says: * The investigation by Mr. Clute Into the  grievances of. the Siocan miners has  resulted In a bulky, but Interesting report. There Is this to be said about  Mr. Clute's work, that he has done it  very effectively. The report has not  yet been printed, but In the type-written document presented to tho House  of Commons, there are evidences of  conscientious and careful work. Some  reports which come down to Parliament ar,e usually a Jumble of figures  or words,;and It Is therefore refreshing  to pick up a document from which,  almost at a glance, one can grasp_the  salient points. The nature of the  grievances Is well known. The 'dispute arose over the hours of labor of  the miners, the rate of wages, and  the Importation of aliens to take'the,  place of the strikers. One can well !  understand the tremendous interest  involved, by looking at the careful  summary of the extent of the mining  industry in Southern British Columbia which i.Mr. Clute gives. He estimates  the .number of men '��� .who were employed on the 1st of January last  (coal miners excepted) at 4,500 men,  [ and the amount actually invested at  over $30,000,00..  Mr.  Clute secured a mass of testimony from  miners and  mine-owners  and  with  a  view   to'���; preventing the  actual stoppage of work   in    future,  with the heavy losses it entails to both  masters and men, he suggests the passage of a Conciliation Act by the Federal   Parliament.   Conciliation   boards  would ibe /.nrmln.tcd on 'the renuest of  either or both  parties  to  a dispute,  and in addition Mr. Clute advisee the  appointment of a conciliator, who shall  be  clothed  with  any  powers,-among  others  to  take evidence  under oath.  His first duty would  be to bring the  parties together, and to ascertain the  nature  .of    the    differences   between  them.   He would also have power to  act where;he deemed It advisable Immediately on becoming aware of a dispute, without formal request of either  parties.  This power  is  suggested  In  order to avoid any delay at the Inception of labor troubles,  which, unless  prompt action Is taken, often leads to  the widening of a.breach between masters and men, and often renders future attempts at conciliation difficult  if-not abortive.' The conciliator, Mr.  Clute  thinks, should  b. given  a free  hand and be authorised to invite'assistance   from   the  representatives of  the opposing parties.   In these suggestions there are the nucleus of a good  measure,  which would   prevent  such  disastrous  consequences  to 'many an  industry, such as has resulted to the  miners of the Siocan District, to say  nothing of the mining companies, during the past few months.  ���liABOIt VOTE.  Editor' Independent:     The result of  the elections last Saturday,  in  which  Messrs. Dixon and Williams were defeated, was  no disgrace to the union  men   and  others   who  stood   by  the  party.   This  is  our .first  trial,  but  It  is by no means the last.   While I am  sorry  that Mr.  Williams lost  his deposit, still the experience was worth  tho money and we at least can count  on that number of votes at  the next  election.   But what can be said of the  drevelllng   apologies  who call  themselves   workingmen    und    voted  and  worked  for  the  other  parties?.   Such  men with but few exceptions are totally devoid of common sense, and showed it by their actions in putting the  other tickets first.   They are generally  made up of calamity howlers, who, ut  the first chance  of  the situation  becoming applicable ��� to  themselves,  yell  for the support of organized labor, but  when it comes down to voting for men  of  their  own  class   who understand  their wants, they suddenly become "intelligent voters" and with their hands  in the air are loud'In their declamations that the laboring men are Idiots  to emanate the idea of having candidates of their own.    Poor fools!    The  day will  come when they will  regret  in sackcloth and ashes the votes they  have cast for the other parties.   But,  despite    all,     those   who  worked   for  Messrs. Dixon and Williams are only;  waiting for the chance to run not two,  but four,  the  next election,  which in  all  probability is  not far oft.-   These  feeble-minded members of the working  fraternity  of Vancouver    could    look  with profit at the united workmen ot  Nanaimo, who support their represent-,  atlve, Ralph Smith, himself a vfork-  ingmen, as one man, with never a division  or jar  to  distrub  Its  solidity.  All honor to those who worked on Saturday, say I.   They showed themselves  to   be  above   the  aggrandisement  of  parties and, with a view to bettering  the condition'of the labor as a. whole,  and not looking for positions on the  new government road, gave their time,  money and advice freely and liberally  WORICINGMAiN.  Vancouver, June 13, 1000.     ..'���'.  New ��� ���  Shoes  for  We have the exclusive  selling agency of the . .  PACKARD SHOE and the ...  name alone implies the best there is in Shoes   PACK A I!!! SHOES have for years been pre-eminently  the.distinct loaders in tho United States, and in introducing them we feel as though they were not an  experiment, but in quality tho BEST SHOE manu_  factured. We have them in all styles and leather"  at $5.(10 ]��r Pair,   g   fc|j|_j_��   I�� Cordova  Don't Waste  Your Time and Strength.  Buy  o.  ������  You can freeze Tec Cream in the short time  of three minutes.    Sold only by  'THE*  TRIADES  .THE   CAPITALIST   MILL".   .. ���  George D. Herron says:;''Is it in the  nature of things that the" fields of hat-,  tiral resources, and the fruits of human toll, should be'-reaped as special  privileges U'or the few, or as common  "benefits for all? Is superior ability'a  title-deed to as much of the earth as  it ..can possess, and' to the use of human beings for private profit, or Is it  ;a divine summons to larger and humbler service for the common*, good?  Did God create our world and race In  -order that the strong might heap up  wealth out of the forced labor of the  million-, and is such an order of things  the destiny , that man-must accept?  By what device or right are the: sons  ���and daughters of God daily sent to  tasks of creating supplies out of nature, while their .ncodsQOf body and  ���spirit go unsupplied, and they have  only-toil and -bare existence for their  portion? Who gave this earth to the  profit-seakers. and by what authority  do they set the children; of the earth  _,tr)_making-gain_for-.-them?-_Bv.i-what  ���process or alchemy have the resources  of nature passed into the hands of the  ���strong, and how comes it that human  ���life is practically treated as mere grist  ���for the capitalist mill? Is it the end  of civilization that Industry should de  :,.Y CLERKS UNION. Y\ .:..,, '.������  The local Retail Clerks' International  Protective .Association met last Tuesday evening, ���': when there were some  45 members present.'- President ICer-  foot presided, and the following officers  were elected for the ensuing term:  President, P. A. Meagher; first vice-  president, ������: J. B.��� Jackson,: re-elected;  second vice-president, Miss Maggie  Clark; secretary, XV: J; Orr, re-elected;  assistant secretary, 'Miss. Francis  Glenn;.: financial secretary, iW. J.  White, re-elected; ' -treasurer, Grant  McArthur; guardian, Paul Parent,^reelected; .guide; Mies-.. A.-, G. Arerge;  grievance committee, John niters, E.  13.' C. Johnston, T. A. Phillip, all reelected; finance committee, H. E. Her-  vey;, J. Murray; Trades and Labor  delegates, E. '��� 13. ' C. ��� Johnston, * p, -.'AS  Meagher. John Riters, all re-elected.  Four ladies were: initiated as members,  and at the next meeting eight more  will Join the union. The association  is. progressing, the prospects bright.  and a big membership is anticipated  in the near future. -������  numbW"df^la"ys~\v6rit"e"d w"as"20o;     ~~  According  to  the American  Federn-  tlonlst,   the  general state  of  employment  during April .continued   exceptionally good.   In the 653 unions making returns, with an aggregate mem-  I liorshlp of A2,$31,  1,-111   (3.3  per  cent.)  velop into a monstrou. universal P';�� I wcre  ^p,,,.^,,   ns   unemployed  at  flic  )lt-innklng Imachine.   Into   which   '*"* '  Work has been resumed in the billet  mill of the. Illinois Steel Company and  300 men were.put to work.  According' to the '.Engineering and  Mining Journal, the. mineral and metal  production:of the United States in.'l_!)9.  was valued at *1,211,361,S61, the largest on record for this or any other  country.  Ih. 1900-the coal mines of Pennsylvania turned out 54,034,224.tons of anthracite coal and 73,066,945 tons *ot  bituminous. In the anthracite region  of the state the miners worked on an  average ot 120 days during the year,  while In  the 'bituminous sections the  the  i end ot April.  multitudes are to be fed to be ground;    ,,,,,_   ,,���������,,,     T ��� ,   ���  - ,  out as th* Increased capital for prl-  ,,���   e ��l"bllc .J,!'011  ����d  fteel  coni-  vate   owners?      Every   nation,   every   '���"f. , ""����*,"; ��*>" (Wednesday  to  . ... .    .     ._.,.,! cIOM-' every mill which they control on  ���conscience thnt has a. right to be called  Christian, searches for the answer, and  every reform waits for It, It Is-thus  that the social problem Is the problem  ���of human destiny."  [���Note.���Geo. D. Herroit^wns for seven  yearn professor of applied Christianity  In the Congregational University,.In  the state ot Iowa.���Ed,]  The report Issued by some Japanese:  students wl(h regard to wentern pollli-  icnl economy has 'been published In  ���pamphlet formlniBrltaln and has run  through several editions. It Is Interesting as showing the conclusions of mature minds discovering the conditions  to which the people of the west are accustomed from childhood. The Japanese thought in their innocence that;  the introdu.ctoln of western methods  of producing wealth, the use of steam;  electricity, elaborate machinery and)  the general methods that, multiply the  ipYoductlveness of labor many -fold,  would give abundance to all, bring leisure to women and children, and generally Improve the standard of living.  ;To their surprise they found that in-  .luly Ist,  for repairs.   The suspension  of operations  will affect many thou  sands of men und more than 30 mills  through the country.  , Nearly 500 men have Just been laid  off In the Erie ltallroad shops at HuC.  falo.  The rod nilils of the Illinois Steel  Conipuny resinned operations Inst  ���Monday, employing between 300 and 100  men. '  The Midland Steel Works, at Muncle,  Indiana, have shut down. Indefinitely,  throwing 1,000 men out of work.  THE SOUTH AFRICAN WAR.  'Mr. P. H. Robson of this city' received the. folowlng letter this week," from  an  old,.school-fellow  who has been  a  resident,of .South : Africa for: the. past  20 years aiid willi;be read: with a. considerable  degree.otvinterest:     .  .      -  My business. being largely a mining  connection, this war has naturally affected   It a great    deal,    and I don't  grumble, nor.do any of us. This war Is  a just war jt ever there was one.    I  know   the.Beors  well, -know'.': every  meniber    of    their Government,   from  Oom Paul downwards, know them to  be a seething" mass of moral corruption  and   hypocrisy.   Kruger's    power  was more autocratic, than'that of the'  Czar of Russia and was worked to evil  ends.   Kruger has called this a capitalists'  war;  well, as far as he'is. concerned,   lt   Is,   for   he   is   one   of   the  wealthiest capitalists that the country  has   produced,   and   the  whole   of   his  money: made out of.bribery and bla.lt-  mall.: The Bond, which Is the oureonie  of Kruger. Reltz & Co., was gradually  sapping  the   very   vitality  of '������British';  rule in South Africa.   Had It not liien  for  the  advent  of a strong man  like  Sir Alfred Slilner, who saw the danrer'  andhad the strength of mind to grapple with it when he did, the whole of  South Afiica would have been snatch-'  ed from us by the Dutch in two years'  time, and England would have .had. to  make re-conquest from  the  very seaboard.   Thit* we know to be absolutely  a fact.   The Boers were* arming for it  for years: Mliner grasped the situation  in   time:   tliey had   completed   everything but the ao'tlve preparations  fur  ���the arming and rising of the whole of  the colonial Dutch.   Had patching up  and  dilly-dallying  been  the  result  of  the Blocmfonteln conference,  tliecou-  j5plracy___woiild_liaye_hatl_tlme^to-imi_-  ���SENATE ., AND  UNIONS.  The  criminal   code   now  before   the  Parliament of Canada contains a section forbidding combines in trade.  The  Senate  has   struck   out   an   exception  made In favor of trades unions: "Nothing in Miis section shall be construed  'to 'apply'- to combinations'of workmen  or employees for their own reasonable  protection as such  workmen*, and employees."    If would  be  interesting to  know   whether   the -'-Senator-   Imagine  lhat at this stage Jin- the history of the  ���world   they  can'render: trades unions  illegal.. ...The matter has been  fought  over In England as well as In Canada,  and decided in favor.of. trades unions;  i?nd  the Senate might as  well  try  to  revive  the lawsagalst  ���vitchcraft  as  the   Io.ws   agalst   these   organizations.  There is a Canadian sfnltute i-ecognizing  and   regulating' them,   and   those  who  wanted   lauvs  forbidding   trusts'    and  combines had  not the slightest intention of abolishing trades unions.   The  Seriate, .in  this ease, has' far exceeded  its -legitimate power of revising legislation.    It Is endeavoring, under cover  of -amending: a statute    revising    the  criminal code, to revive a set of. obsolete laws against  trades .unions. ' All  the  talk about refusing  to  pander  to  .labor sentiment is .���ubbisii.     The  legalization   of  trades  unions  is  not  the  dream  of a 'visional-*,* reformer;-it .Is  the settled law of ithe land, here as i'ii'  England.     AH''the. Senate .can-do.Is to  create some temporary confusion.   The  laws agaist trades unions will not be  revived:, even   if throug-h   some, technicality    they   .should   be  rei-tored  to  shadowy existence, nobody will enforce  them, arid-'Government would be quite  justified in' placing every possible* obstacle in the way of .'their enforcement.  ���The Globe. ,;> :        = '   ,'���;.  Tho*. Dunn & Co.,  (I.I.M1TKD.)  S, 10,12 CordovuSIreet, and S, 10  ��� Water Street, Vimeouver.  Front Street, Atlin, U. C.  VANCOUVER, B. C.  Dominioo Hay  *.*���  Celebration  2-3, I  With the tollers, promises of mansions in the skies Is no longer current;  they want Justice, here on earth,. Instead of a draft on eternity.���New  J.l!_ht.  Warm weather Is upon us. Now  Is the time to look out for a first-class  baker, who makes good : and wholesome bread. The;���.��� Superior Bakery  Alls the bill completely. Free delivery  In any part of the city.: Te". 109. Deck-  ert & Teltze, proprietors, corner Duf-  erln and Fifth avenue.  ture and what: I have already said  would have taken place. We should  all have awakened some fine morning  to find ourselves under Dutch rule ur  rather misrule. Mllner has been our  savior, but even he would have been  helpless had he not-at his back the  strongest Colonial Secretary ithat England has ever produced, Joe Chamberlain. At first we were hard pushed,  but even before reinforcements arrived, this little colony of Natal-put the  flower of her-manhood In the breech.  Scarcely a family In the colony but has  some member or relation at tlie front,  and what this'colony, has done, so  have done rill the other polonies, each  has rallied round the mother's flag.  We are proud ot you Canadians, ot the  Australians, of all. My own opinion  Is thnt this war Is the greatest blessing tlint ever happened to the British  Empire; it lias taught her her weaknesses, but it has also taught not only  her but the-whole world her greatness,  The llockinground the ling, that which  Tennyson predicted has come to pass.  "The welding into one great whole."  NEW STORE. i  . -We are pleased to note that Jir. Jos.  P. Turner, the liquor dealer, has removed to his new store, adjacent to  the Hudson's Bay stores on Granville,  street. The fine up-to-date structure  Ik of three storeys and a basement,  each .25 by 72 feet,' with all modern  conveniences. Mr. Turner'carries the  largest variety stock in town of wines,  liquors and cigars, wholesale and retail. Anyone desiring anything in this  line should give Joe a call, who will  endeavor, to please his patrons. . We  wish him success in his new quarters.  S|)Ort* of all kinds nt J.roekton Point, including Ihti  schedule Lacrosse Match, Vancouver vs. Victoria,  Horse-racing ut Hastingf Park, $2,000 in Prizes;  Dominion Day Ham Heap, Vancouver Derby.  Grand Parade and-.Bands' of music.  Illuminations on tlio Streets as never before.  Cheap Transportations from all points.  Mayoi*. J..F. Garden, M". V. P., Chairman.  Geo. PiautiiKY, Secretary Citizens' Committee.  Spring Bias Come!  TA KE  Your Babies  THE BARBERS.  The Barbers' Union, ut a meeting  :ealIcd-fortire~pur]^sereIec'te"dfthe-following officers for the ensuring yenr:  President, (leorge Isaacs; Vice-President, J. Dibden; Recording Secretary,  C. Caine; Secretary, D. P. Johnson;  Guide, W. Moore; Guurdian, A. Gilbert; Trustees, Messrs. A. McNabb, J.  Sims and D. Morgan.  UNION MEN ATTENTION.  All union men In the city are hereby  notified that Donaldson. & Matthews,  the Cordova street clothiers, hatters  and men's outfitters, have Just opened  out another large shipment of Union  label pants engineers, painters,: bricklayers and laborers' overalls, carpenters' aprons, smocks, etc, Donaldson  & Matthews, men's outfitters, 74 Cordova street.  ,Tho Woodstock "Sentinel-Review" recently commented very sensibly .is  follows on certain present progressive  tendencie.i In Quebec; The Roman Catholic bishops of Quebec have lately  been pro-nouns' the teaching of English  In the public schools under tlielr control. This is an Important, an almost  revolutionary step for thnt Province.  It suggests the extent to which the  people are being permeated with modern Ideas of progress;, and It is an effectual answer to the statements frequently made to the contrary In the  press ot Ontario. The chief danger  and hindrance to the progressive movement In Quebec Is the attacks made on  the people ot that Province for party  purposes by some of the Journals of  Ontario. To wound the racial - m'Ule  and-religious' susceptibilities of the  French-Canadian people Is the most  effective way of preventing "them .from  becoming thoroughly assimilated- with  the English-speaking people of this  country, and from uniting 1n promoting  the good of Canada and t'he Empire.  IH VANCOUVER  ��� Three millions of human beings have  died of starvation In India since January; and unless relief Is given at once  twice that 'number will' die before  September.  If you want vonr  I eyes tenoil will im  I our doctor of np-  llies. He will tot  I free nf dhur^e.  Paviiwon linos.,  |     The Jeweler.  ���IliniDYEMU  D. DAY, Proprietor.  -Dyeing, Claming, Freeing, Repairing, Etc.  $u|)|)iy  From Their Xmiiihiio,.SouthfleliliiiMl  l'rntuciinit J-ilnml CHUveric*-,  Steam,  Gas  and  House Coal  Of the I'ollowini; Ormlcs:  Double Soreenutrl Uttiup.  Run oT tlie Mine,  WfiHhuiI Nut iirict  S e re e n I n KK.  SAMUKL M. UOJUNS, .s'linorlntumlcnl.  KVA.V*,-rrtLBMAX .-*. KVAXS. A-��enLS  ViiJH!oiivurCiiy- 1-t. C.  Onio:: 52T�� ivjnder Street.   Wokks: 3033  1-OHdcrStroet/ VAXCOUVER, B. C.  ,Mcn'luuits und others lire: herebj' notified  that Mr. V. 1\. Wiifnwriirlu' hns beoii uwanJed  the inivileci's for the oilicitil itro^ninnne for  the (.iti-ceii**' Uouiinlon I����y <Vic brat ion.  JOHN H.��� HROWNE,  Chniriimn Printing Committee*1  Vnnwuvor.JunclS, 1900, THE INDEPENDENT.  SATURDAY ��,......,...JUNE 23,  1900  v    The rate for classified advertisements is  1 cne cent a word, but no ad. will bo inserted for less tlhan 23 cents.  Union Directory.  VANCOUVER TRAD139 AND LABOR  Council. President, Jos. Dixon; vice-  president, J. H. Watson; secretary, J.  C. Marshall, P. O. box 159; financial secretary, F. Williams; treasurer, C. R.  Monck; statistician, XV. JIneLain; ser-  j-eant-at-arms, W. Davis. Parliamentary  con mlttce���Chairman. John Pearey; secretary, J. 'Morton. Meeting���First and  third Friday iu each month, at 7.30 p. m.,  in Union hall, corner Dunsmulr and  Hconer streets.  "VANCOU'R TYPOGRAPHICAL UNION,  "No. 220. meets *he last Sunday in each  month at Union" hull. President, 13. Ij.  Woodruff; vice-president, J. C. Marshall;  secietary, J. F. "Watkins; P. O. box (JO;  treasurer, XV. Brand; sergennt-at-arnis,  Cuss J. Dunn: executive committee���  Clinirman, J. C. Marshall; Geo. Wilby,  C. S. Campbell, G. T. Dutton, XV. Ami-  strong. Delegates to the Trades and Labor council. J. C. Marshall, Geo. Wilby, C.  - S. Campbell.  "bTRKIST RAILWAY MEN'S UNION���  Meets second and fourth Saturday of  each mouth, in Sutherland Hall, corner  Westminster avenue and Hustings Street  utS p. m. President, J. Uarton; vice-president, IS. A. Snyder; secretary, H. O.  Tlionius; treasurer, J. .lenkinson; coiiiluc  tor, A. Ross; warden, A. Russell; sentinel.  G. Lenfesty; delegates to Trades and Labor council: John Pearey, J. Barton, R.  Brunt, A. G. Perry, J. W: Paxman.  FRANCIS WILLIAMS SPEAKS.  HUT-AIL CLF.RKS- INTKR-N'ATIONAl,  ������- 1'iotectlve Association, Local No. 279.���  President, G. 1*. Kertoot: first vice-prcsi-  i<ient, J. R. Jackson: second vlce-iiresi-  flc-li-l, ,1. Murray; recording secretary, W.  J. Orr, 317 Harris street; financial, Mr.  3. White; guide, P. A. Meagher; guard.  Xi. Parent; treasurer, D. McLean; grlev-  mice committee. John Peters, T. A. Phillips, E. .15. C. Johnson: Trades and Labor  council delegates, John Peters, E. li. C.  Johnson. P. A. Meagher: finance committee, P. A. Meagher." 12. A. Teelzel. Meeting even- first and third Tuesday in tlie  month, in Sutherland's hall, ...Westminster  avenue.  iNTBRNATlON'A'L nltlCKLAYICitS  and Masons' Union,'No. 1. of H..C.���1'iv-  sideiit, .las. Jeffrey: vice-president. Win.  barker: corresponding secretary, T. A.  "Hnrman;. linunclal secretary. Win. Taite:  tiler, XVm. Rranigii. -Meets every Monday  evening in  Union hull.   Meetings.  li". O. E.���VANCOUVER AERIE NO. C,  F. O. E., meets every Thursday night.  Visiting members welcome. 11. W. Find-  ley, W. P., Province olllce; S. R. Robb,  XV.  S., World oflice. "  1. O. O. P., 3,1. U.-".OYAL THINK FOR  UVER lodge, No. TIM, imeets every second and fourth Tuesday 'in the -month In  the hall, oven Harvey's store, corner of  Hastings street and .Westminster nve-  *mie, Vancouver: sojourning brethren cor  diiiliy invited. F. Pluck, N. G.; R. W  "Partridge, secretary.  To Let.  TO LET-CLEAN, WELL FURNISH BD  rooms for light housekeeping; suites of  two, $5. mid $S per month.' Apply room 19,  220 Keefer Street.  i'O lJET���ROOMS FOR LIGHT HOUSK-  KKEPING; : well   furnished . and   clean  suites of two rooms Si and, SS per month.  Apply room 19, 220 Keefer Street.  TO      RENT���LA-RGB       STOR'E���WITH  dwelling and stabling , in  rear,   No. 910  Westminster avenue, opposite Street Car  Sheds. Apply Geo. Wagg, Water street.  Real Estate.  c REAL ESTATE SNAPS.  LOT ON     THIRTEENTH     AVBNUE-  Near Manitoba���only. $1'0; this Is a b.ir-  HJaiii.  T. Mathews, -117 Hastings Street.  LOT  ON   M'HLVILLH   STREET���NEAR  Bute, 33 feet;  nice situation; only ^07*5.  T.   Mathews,  417  Hastings  Street.  HOUSE A-NiD LOT ON TENTH AVENUE, Mount Pleasant, near Westminster Avenue, 7 rooms; in good "condition;  price $1,030. - T. ' Mailhews, 417 Hastings  Street.  NEW 'HOUSE AND CORN* Ell LOT ON  Ninth Avenue, with modern conveniences.   Price  $1,27>0;  tennis  to   arrange.   T.  Mathews, Hastings Street.'  NICE   LOT   ON   H.ARWOOD   STREET,  near Tlvurlow, 3.*! ft.; fine view of Eng-  "lish Bay. Price $350. T. Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.  ��0T ON SEVENTH AVENUE, MOUNT  Pleasant,  near car  line.  Only $325.  T.  Mathews, 417 Hastings Street.  KOUSE AND LOT ON HOMER'STREET  near Smythe; six rooms and bath. Only  $1,390. These buys are worth looking up.  T.  Mathews, 417  Hastings  Street.  -���-"FOR SALE ON EASY     TERiMS-HAR-  WOOD street, near Bute; lot ;i3xl32; facing English Bay;'fine view: -price J-17"). A.  It.  Waterfall,  Molson's  Bank     building,  Soj ui qur__ stree t_e_n t ra n ce,_' P ho n.c_81l*.   PENDR.ELL STREETS-FIRST' CLASS  bungalow, with excellent basement and  all modern conveniences; lot 33x132;  liealthlest site In city; price ��1.330. A. R.  Waterfall, .Molson's bank building, Seymour street entrance. 'Phone SIC.  KOI3SON STJ.IEET���FINEST LOT, CGxl32  overlooking inlet, one block from two  car lines at a sacrifice. A. R. Waterfall,  Molson's bank building, Seymour street  entrance.  'Phone S1G.  Help Wanted.  MEN WANTED FOR WHITE PASS &  Yukon Rallway-2,000 rocknieh, wages  "O.30; lionrd $1 per day; also men for stn-  Hon work, nt highest rales. Special rates  1�� I'l-iini-lt. Apply A. (.'. Russ, 123 Cor-  . ilovn street.  Miscellaneous.  JJBLGLVN   IIA'RHS,   H.MPOR'IMiD P13DB-'  GUiEKD stock. All persons interested in  'licse pets shmild call  and  see new arrivals,  lvnn  P.tisliong. 353  Hornby street.  SMOKE KURTZ'S  UNION-MADE  CIGARS,  ir you want a really good cigar, call  for one" of Kurtz & Co.'s leading brands;  '���"Kurtz's Own," "Kurtz's Pioneers,"  and "Spanish Blossoms" are thelr'best  brands. Ask for them and take no substitute. The above brands are made  of: the best imported Havana, and by  Editor Independent: The elections  now being well over, the most practical thing to do is to gather up the  lessons they teach us, and to apply  them. We know our strength and also  our weakness. While we did .not Poll  more than ball* the vote that we bad  naturally the right to expect, we have  no reas-on to lie discouraged. We find  we have a solid 700 votes, which the  hereditary power and prestige of party  cannot affect. These are men nf conviction, who are' In the habit of weighing questions of public utility apart,  from party polity. We have the nucleus <>f a strong parly, which at no  very distant date will dominate ;''ic  elections of this city, and whose influe-  ence It is only fair to assume will extend tn tlie utmost limits of '.he Province.  ��Of the votes cast Cor the Independent  Labor Party, I believe large numbers  were from unorganiz��:l labor. This is  a hopeful sign. It shows that the ?up-  posed aiuagonisin between organized  and unorganized labor does, not exist.  This is right. On nil great public ques-.  'lions the working population should be  a unit. Our alms and objects are alike.  We have the same foes to meet: the  same victories to gain 'or defeat tu  Buffer. Therefore It behooves us to  stand together, tor therein Is (jur  strength.  Another thing to observe is that  many men among the masses of unorganized labor think along the same  lines as we do. nnd arrive at the same  conclusions. These are our brothers  In heart and mind, and the right hand  of fellowship belongs to them. We!believe in organization. But there are  hundreds in the city and thousands in  the Province .who cannot join any de-  flnke trade or labor organization,  whoso thoughts, und sympathies- are  with us, and who therefore have a  right to be treated as brothers. We  are glad to acknowledge their co-operation on the- Dili Inst., and hail it ns  the harbinger of future success.  We arc- glad also to acknowledge the.  help ami sympathy of others who do  not belong to the "horny-handed sous  ol" toil," yet who are workers in the  true sense of the term. Merchants and  olliee men. who. realizing that n prosperous w'firklng-i class always .means a  prosperous mercantile class, were with  us In word ami aci. We met and talked  with some of that class, who proved  themselves to be liberal in mind and  just In principle. They expressed their  satisl'action ut the- stop we as an Independent Labor Party had taken in  nutting candidates in the field. ��� The  i*nl>: parties who manifested decided  and unequivocal hostility to us were  the monopolists and their friends. They  know by intuition that when the liona-  flde workingman exercises his prero-  Satives in the legislature, their unrighteous and oppressive power will be  ended.    s '  We have"-demonstrated our power !>:'  crippling/both'the old parties. Those  who have'been most nltterly Irritated  by this display of .our force have simply revealed 'their inner selves, and we  know what manner of men we have to  deal with. I like to live in the land  of settled questions. To return: Wo  know our strength.. Vancouver is practically disfranchised. Like the powders-In" the 'due and white papers, the  two, Conservative-votus just neutralize  Ihe two -Liberal votes. Barring the  eieeti'iii of our own men. the results  could not be heller. We hold the balance of power, and a wise and just  use of this power will gain our objects. "The abuse of this power will  most certainly destroy It." One false  move will jeopardise our position,  Hence, only calm, Just reasoning, free  from -personal pique or resentment, will  enable us to arrive at just conclusions.  By so doing we shall conserve the  friends we .have amd add enormously  to their number.. -Y.. '  One curious fact taught by the votes  last Saturday is that to run two (.r  three men Instead of the full ticket is  an element of weakness, 'not strength.  This is contrary to expectations, and  quite contrary i to. a very generally expressed opinion during the last few  weeks. . I am. however, sure of the  fact: and nt any future contest 1 shall  strongly advocate putting in a full  ticket, But'I shall have more to say  on this matter another time.  A practical suggetsion may be intuit*  here. It lias been-advanced during the  present week by a large'number of our  supporters, and may be briefly -stated  thus: To take immediate steps to form  a provincial party (not the old party of  that name), with a liberal platform,  whose object sjiall be to return direct  Independent labor representatives both  to the Provincial and .Dominion Houses.  --Theamaehine^politieJans-should-be^look-:  ed upon as positive and Irreconcilable  enemies of the working people. Hand  them over to hades. Let them be .as  though blotted from thought and mem-  ,ory. '-'��� Our party may be called .Reform  league. People's league, or any other  name, so long as tlie objects are kept  steadily in view, namely: to make no  truce, form no alliance with the machine politicians or their 'hangers-on;  but lo work continuously and persistently for the return of our own men  to the different legislative assemblies,  who shall be strictly Instructed to further legislation along the lines of our  platform.  We need organization. The' need of  this was early felt at every step of  our late campaign. Having discovered the need, it is our business to supply it at once. We have no time to  lose. If the work of organization bo  deferred Until the next election, we  shall find ourselves In the same plight,  and may have to face another defeat.  Let us commence our work with a -will  to succeed. Wo should establish  branches in each section of the city,  and centres all through the province.  We should look for and expect a whole  victory. We have nine-tenth's of the  votes ot the province. Look steadily  at this last.statement; look at II from  every side; take In Its meaning. Tt  reveals this truth, that were our forces  properly enrolled, we -would Inevitably  conquer the whole country. It Is said  that we need money: that.-Cash is King;  that the lack of funds was the main  cause" of our defeat. This is not exactly true. What we need is a clear  conception of the object to be accomplished, and the necessary organization to' carry out the conception. Except' for Incidental expenses, money is  not esesntlal. Organize; form centres;  exploit- the- platform; hold meetings;  take your own speakers, whether they  are refined'or not; extend the sphere of  The Independent, which Is the people's  educational organ. ��ise these and all  other legitimate mea,.��s to destroy the  power���the evil, corrupt power���of the  machine politicians, and put In plain,  lionvst men to make laws for the country. The time is opportune for sueh  a. movement. We have many fatuities  ready to band for the inauguration of  a People's Reform league. There are  willing brains and busy hands waiting  to carry out the details of the plan:  amd I am safe In saying that such an  organization as is herein Indicated  wiil bo promptly formed. All workers, whether "horny-handed" or not,  whether organized or not, wiil be invited to help along the good cause of  ��i pure government���a government bland for the people, instead of as heretofore bv and for the classes.  F. WILLIAMS.  Vancouver, June 13.  1900.  ���������������.������������������������  WHOSE |  CLOTHES ARE     ���  YOU WEARING?!  ���  JF you're Avour- ^  ���-���������   ing Clements' <$  Made you've got the ^  best obtainable �� ^  You've gut the proper cloth, the ^w  ciiirccl stvlc. ii perfect fit, mid    X  made by TAPIR! UNION MECHANICS. <W  Have ymi seen our <K*3f)j"nn jL  range of Suitings nt vUJV.Jl/ ��ft  'If you haven't you are missing    J  u cliiiuce (o economize.   They're i&  SQURI-IZK 'EM HMD.  ���ICdl'.or-Independent: We are glad to  see Cartwright el a I. applying for an  eight-hour work day for the city laborers. Of course, they' cannot expect to  have their, request acceded1 to by the  personnel-of the present ���Council. We  fancy we hear the Maister piping out  in..his thin voice: "We must run the  city un economical lines. We must run  the city as we run our own affairs,  at the lowest figure. .Squeeze 'cm down,  gentlemen, squeeze 'em down. Don'.c  give way to sentiment, nor to agitators.  Don't abolish the contract system for  city works���It's the squeeze "em down  idea reduced to scientific form. So  by all means keep it up. It's ranting deiiiagogey 'to talk of abolishing  it.- Don't listen to nny talk about  shortening the hours of labor for city  laborers or anybody else. It's heresy:  it's sinful heresy nf the worst type.  11 eumo.'i from the Trades and Labor  Council. That's where all our-trouble  comes from lately. I wish it were dead  so that we could squeeze 'em clown in  pence as we used to do. These people  ought to work. It's-sin fui-weakness  to think of reducing it. If they grow  old In t'raine while young In years; if  they die before their time, there are  plenty waiting to take their places: ill'*  market is stocked wllh them. To work  is their mission In lite; a good Providence ordered it so. Don't thwart the  purposes of Providence. If you give  these people time^for recreation they'll  make mischief -and agitate for something else. So squeeze 'em down."  And as the Maister finishes his peroration, the clerk (not McGuigaij) on his  right cries out. "Amen. That's what  I say.     Squeeze 'em hard.    Anien.".  Cartwright, et al.. take no notice of  tills rhodnmontade. We will remember  you next, January. The ivorklnginen  electors of this city have to square up  with six aldermen who rescinded a certain motion six or seven weeks ago.  Their names are known. THEY JIUST  (JO. We have tolerated them too'Iong.  They stand in the way ofur!ght-and  justice; and in consequence they work  the works of unrighteousness and evil,  while professing to do otherwise. Shame  c.n the party which lately brought nut  one of them for parliamentary honors,  thus proving, if proof were needed, the  utter Insincerity .of its chief in posing  as the friend of the .workingmen.  Workingmen of-all denomination?,  stand" by these city laborers In their  demand for an eight-hour work day.  Their battle Is ours. Do not' envy"'them  If they get lt before we do. 'Rather rejoice that they have ameasure awarded .to', litem. Our lime for the same  privilege wiil come soon.. Cast envy  ii way. it's a huge crime in -the.sight  of God and man. Give a helping hand  to those who need It. though their station be apparently lower than yours.  Strive for a higher manhood���for the  brotherhood of man, until the "squeeze  'em down" Idea' Is us utterly discredited as the notion that the earth is flat,  and there's a place where a man might  fail oft into space.  c     F. .WILLIAMS..  Vancouver, June 20.. 1900.  When you want to hire a first-class  horse and buggy, go to the Palace  livery stables. Telephone 125.  Telephone 1���2���5 for a fine livery  .turn-out. J. J. Sparrow, Palace livery  stables.  Kodaks  All the new   styles  <'lt    MANUKACTUREr'S'  /Pkices, from $2.50  lip. Send for catalogue of photograpic  supplies.  BAILEY BROS. CO., Ltd.  HOOKS, STATIOXEIIV,  188 Cordova Street  1'IIOTO Sl'I'l'Lli:.", HTC,  ���     Vancouver, Ii. C.  The Artizan and       0  Workingman Needs  Good Drugs  ���iS? Medicines  Good Toilet Articles.   We Sell Ihem.  NELSON'S DRUG STORES  300 Cordova Street, Cor. Abbntl,  801 Grnnvlile Street, Cor. Kol^un,  Bring us your I'KfycmiTiQXs.  ���  t-ln**ii|- hi.'cnu'su of UwAy real biiikV  If it comes from Clements1 it's correct.  GEO. CLEMENTS %  ...MERCHANT ���  ...TAILOR T  ,439 Granville Street      ���  " '��� -���  Chas. Woodward Co.,  FOKSIEKLY C. WOODWARD.  LIMITED"  J. 0. c.  Book*,  Stationery;1  Fancy -Goods,  School Books.  J.   O.  Co  603 Hastings St.  DRV GOODS���Straw hats must ko. Any bat in stock at half price.-  Mulies' Siirliis1 jackets, up-to-date styles, at half price. Blankets, comforters.   (|Ullts   ull   reduced.  'HOYS' CLOTHING- iKOH DQMI'NJIOX BAY���A Special purchase of  S3 lilfjli class boys' 3-pIeco suits; sizes 2S, ll'. :'0, !a. Si, 'prices $SM,  $i.73. ��i.O) and  ifS.fpl).  30 boys'  'I-pleee suits, special price ���$1.-4*7.  J?OOT AND SHOE D15PARTMBNT���Men's (Win hip boots 'for the  flsblntr season. This wedk we offer M.OO boots, in sizes 9, 10 and It for  ifl.3l) and another lot at *.i.S0 with leuther soles and Heels, sizes 7. S, 9,  10 and 11,  ri*KUlnr iprice $7.30. Y    :  STATIONEIW Dl'-PARTOIBNT���Chinese lanterns ��c and 10c. "\Vulk-  iiifr sticks 23c to DOo; ^ood one, -Hammocks very popular these duvs,- S0e.  ijil.OO, HiM tip" to yi.110. Fishlnir   tackle all kinds cheap.  DRUG- .DKPARTIM'BNT���"We sell Scott's Emulsion, *1.<X> size, for 73c.  We sell Chase's Nerve Pood. nOc size, for AUe. "We sell Neslle's Food  ���30c size, for -10c. We Hell Dr. Pierce's Prescription, $1.00 size, for Sic.  Hair Inrushes from 10c to "(3.(10. A line ot 23c ibrtislies eleariii'r at 13c.  See them in window. ',...--.  Mail Orders Solicited.  Cor. Westminster Ave. and Harris St.  GOO  OCO  OO'  gggggsggggggggggggggggsggsgsgsggsgggsggagggsssses-  Teach  Your children music! There  is plensure and prod! in lt. Thu  best Ciiiiiiilitiu iiud Knglish /���  Pianos,  the best Ciiiindliiii Ornlins; lies-  son '���l'l-ntotvpe" I'nilil ipslill-  inents; nml the best in nil  Musical Goods  All at iikst prices and terms at  Boult's Music Store  MU Granville Street, opp. l>. O.  ������������������������������������������������������������������������������  |clc^ndBicycIc&|  J .-i' COOOGOOOOO *��'  | Wm. RALPH    8^^I-St. f  NEWW  CANADIAN  "Imperial  99  is A GREAT TRAIN in  i.,q\iipiia,nt,iii spt'i'il nnd in its  variety "of Tlirouiiii Service.  A Through First-class Sleeping Car to Toronto, to ^Montreal, and front Banff Hot  Springs to St. I'aiil.  A -Through' Tourist Sleeping Car to St. Paul daily, anil  Tourist Sleeping Car to Toronto and Boston Three Days  every "week.  Y  The "I.mi'Kkiai. Limited"  time is arranged to pass the  grandest scenic features of  the Canadian Pacific Line  during davlight.  l^]^\milhJj3J--'LJuiMijs.lioj;Lfr_c.Q,.  E.J.COYLH, JAMKS.SC'l.ATKli,  A.C. I'.A. Ticket Agent,  Vancouver, II. C. ������       -''is Hustings'St.,  Viincoiiver IS. ,C.  KOR A  of aiiy description on  Mot-ill, Wood, Stoiie or  Cloth.   Call on us.  THE  ^-~\  ���0 lobe Sign Works  :ill Homer Utri-ul, VmitouviT.  Tho**. SiiAitr, Milliliter.  Our motto:   Honu��.t pricesuini promptne,-,i.  PGOIfVER IM li'rt NKS  II Second to None. Ladies' and Gents* Cloth-  ��� ing Cleaned* Dyed and Repaired. Suits  1    Renovated from  ... $1 to $8.50  4  COltDOVA  STIIEKT EAST  HAT��  We linvc'just reeeived the-htrgi'ft  : nnd best stock of Si'itiNt; Hats we  hnve ever offered in Vancouver.  Tliey are stylish titid dumble.  R.  SO COltDOVA S'I'REKT.  Clubb& Stewart  Is the filiioe lo pnreliiise your fine fnrn-  isliingsnnd elniliiiiK.  The liilesl-.   .  '   styles lu  HATS:  r Are uou-on exliibUion nt our store,  160 Cordova St.  NOTICE.  ���*Ve are asaln oCCcring a Seliolursliip  free for tuition and books to the student  of Public Schools of Vancouver passinf,-  into the HiKh School at the connliipr examination with the highest marks in Itcnd-  ir.B. "Writing, ..Spoiling, Grammar, Composition anil Arithmetic.  For conditions apply to the Principals  of  the  Schools  or  the undersigned.  Tlie H.IU.ViumI toiniiicrtiiil l'ollcg��  P.   O.   Box  547.    /  Vancouver,  I*>.  C.  A GOOD Y1KW  The First Labor Paper pub-  �� 1 ished in tho interest of . .  �� labor and we-are the First  �� Store to serve .tlie public .  ��The Cheapest Reading  �� in Vancouver      ���""-���'.��� *~'.  You Bring Back Two Old Novels and-:  .Take One" of our New Ones.  GALLOWAY'S.;  139 Hastings anok.  "14 Arcade  Sfricer Shingle NiSI  Co., Ltd.  For Summer Fuel and Kind������  ling Wood.,,       V  Suitable For Cooking Stove, Air  right Heater.-  ,   or Grille. .  $1.50 Per Load  liy far the CheHjiest, nnd in every wny the luoi^  MitLifiiuiory fuel in the in it i kut.  SPIGER SHINGLE MILL COMPANY, Limited,  North End Ciiinliio Street Iliidge  '1'iaKPHONl' joij..  W. T. FARRELL,  Umploynient  unci  CTeiicrril At-ont.  Iferil LCHtnte iincl InHurnneu Mroltiii-  Areliite'eliml   I'hins   nml   rersiiectlvei  l'reptired.  Seme men are well clothed from ono  point of view, but you see thorn at another angle, and their clothes aro full at  wrinkles and crudity speaks In nil linos.  ���\VB UNDERSTAND HOW TO OLOTHE  OUR CUSTOMERS so that ,back, front  or side view Is equally correct and elegant.  DAN. STEWART  j;io Cordova Street,  I*nrm mid Timber Liiii(Js,_l*liisiiie*.s_iiii{L He>l--  (lentliU'CltyTroperty"for" stile.   Sfreriiil titten  tion given to .-ellinj; nnd renting hon*-*** uud  .store property;  rents  collected;   experienced .  vuluiitnr.  l?ooni 7, Tlioi-tii>��oii'Oi��le Hlr>cU,  519 Hastings St., Vancouver  The"  ���  3OO0OO0O0OOOOO0O0OOS  lliivliiKtlie Only U|i-to-Biite (irlll Itmnii  in il. C. wliieliln Ithelf if n ciiiii'iiiiiee  I u I'lrst-Clms Hotel iindlle.-liiiiiiiiit . .  Seymour Strecct,  A. J. PROULX,  Inventor ol fho ,  "Pili" smell ier-i* Boiler  And Now Stciiin Thawing: DrllN for Klonillkc-  Mlner.s. (insund Steam-filter, Contractor, etc.  Olllce mid Works, ��H Howe ulTvel, Vuncomer,.  B. c., next pust-olllev.  ���*   f\

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