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Hot Springs News Mar 23, 1892

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 ��������� IKMIII  8  HOT SPRINGS  NUMBER 28.  AINSWOBTH, BEITISH  COLUMBIA, WEDNESDAY,  MAEOH 23,   1892.  TEH CENTS  &  ELECTKUITY    IN    NINES.  The following summary of what is now being  clone by electricity in mining questions is taken  from a leading editorial in a late number of the  London Mining Journal. It will no doubt be  perused with much interest by mining men.  We have taken the liberty to strike out a few  paragraphs to bring it within the scope of these  columns:  The problem of bow to reduce the cost of  working mines to a level at which other than  exceptionally/, rich deposits may be profitably  exploited, hs unquestionably largely bound up  with the progress of electrical engineering. It  is, indeed, hardly too much to say that,mining  in the future is destined to become an appendage to the electrical industry, andthe important  position tak^n up in the present exhibition at  the Crystal Palace by appliances adapted to all  the numerous purposes of .mining and metallurgy is sufficient to show how much has already  been done toward attaining this end. Mining  engineers have, therefore, peculiar interest in  the important advances which, in fact, place  electricity upon a new basis in its practical application, "to the transmission of power.  The excessive strain upon machinery which  was formerly necessary to produce powerful currents has already been so far lessened as to appreciably affect the cost of generating aud transmitting electricity. This is hut a typical example,  of the advances in electrical science that are  bringing it nearer and nearer to general  application in mining. The; objection that  was formerly entertained against the employ-'  nieiit of electricity in mines through the danger  of explosion in fiery workings, from the sparking of the commutators, can no longer be upheld,  and another difficulty that arose from the depreciation of the delicate machinery by dust has  been effectively overcome. In the best commutators there is no sparking whatever, and the  simplicity which is being attained in the construction of electrical machinery has lessened  considerably its liability to be a'tfeclcd by the  dust. Indeed, there is reason to believe that, compared with steam, electricity already possesses  advantages besides that of cheapness, under circumstances that were formerly considered to  present the greatest impediments to its employment. Where cheap motive power can be obtained for driving the dynamos, a lid-w'here it is  found necessary to convey \ be power .'over, long  distances,  there..is  no question  whatever  that  "electricity-'is the best force available for .mining  'purposes:-' The conveyance of''power- by bands  and pulleys is Wasteful and iuefiicientvaiid compressed air does not, in all respects,, fulfill'the;.'-'  purposes that were at one tiuie claimed for it.  A "great loss is certainly ..experienced in the conveyance of electrical power over distances of  any .magnitude, but that loss is rarely so much  as '50'.per cent, and at this point /.elect licit y is considerably cheaper,/'besides being more c'onv.eiir  ient, than any other power.  It is evident, that whei'e water������������������ power is available, elect riral t ransmission must furnish a most  valuable -'aid .to-the ��������� mineral development -<������f a  district.. The Frankfort experiment has conclusively demonstrated that   its capabilities'in Hiis  ��������� direction are of the very widest range, and if is  quite'impossible.to say bow largely they may  assist in-opening up metalliferous wealth, which  could hardly be worked, if it were necessary to  carry fuel-to the mines. Moreover; even where  water power is not -'''available and there are  comparatively few districts where a river or  water euurse cannot be turned to some account  ��������� ���������electricity is t lie-most economical and -efficient  agent that'can be employed for'driving .mining  inachinery. This seems to be a growing conviction   among  mining  engineers,   who  are   com-.  ' ing to regard electricity as an 'established  factor in their operations. Electricity has no  longer 'the limited scope which it formally  possessed, but is now applied to every process of mining, and extensive plants are be-  in<������- laid down'*not  only   in. this-'country but in  America and on the continent.   A striking instance of the way in which the electrical engineer has overcome mechanical difficulties is afforded by the successful pumping operations at  St. John's colliery, Northmanton.   This instance  is tpioted by the earl of Albemarle, who says  that the plant was required to cope with a salt  water feeder of 5100 gallons an hour, at a vertical depth of 900 feet below the surface of the  ground.   The pressure on the ram faces was so  much���������400 pounds to the square inch���������that very  specially designed pumps were required;    These  difficulties were successfully overcome, and the  electrical plant laid down is now raising 125,000  gallons a day.   The efficiency of this plant is  about 50 percent.    Considerable difficulties, too,  have had to be met with in the designing of locomotives for mines, since the excessive wear  and tear to which they are subjected would seem  to render electricity an imperfect agent.    But,  as in everything else in which electricity is the  motive power, the progress of electrical science  has overcame these obstacles.    Upon the continent, attention is  being particularly given to  this   method  of   transport,  and   several  types  of locomotive' have given satisfactory results.  Among these, prominence must "be given to one  where the current is taken oil* a copper wire  fixed to the roof of the gallery by means of a  light metal frame which rubs along the^wirisf^  The return circuit is through the rails.    Again,  an   engine is  being constructed by a French  engineer,' which, it is claimed, will transport 25  wagons, loaded %vith 8j cwts. each, at a speed of  live miles an hour, over aline of two feet gauge,  It is evident, however, that though electricity  is destined to play a principal part in the working of collieries, it must depend, for'a great deal  of its success upon metalliferous mining, where  the question of motive power, and the extraction of metal from, the ores is very often fraught  with  considerable difficulty.     Under these circumstances it is encouraging to leanu upon the  testimony of mr. Edison, that the application of  electricity to metalliferous1 mining will soon be  attended'with results of great economical value.  An electrical concentrating works for the separation of magnetic ores is about to be established by mr. Edison at Ogden, New Jersey, and  the circumstances under which this experiment  is to lie carried out, give reasons for  believing  that  it will afford unquestionable proof of the  industrial  applicability of electrical science to  the treatment of low grade and refractory ores.  The work to  be done with t be magnetic iron- ���������>,,  stone at Ogden consists in merely quarrying out  the rock, transporting it to the crushers, thence  to rolls and screens '.where it is pulverized and  passed through a sieve of 50 meshes to !the lineal  inch, and afterwards to the''magnetic separators.    The separated   magnetite is  then loaded  into cars, and the waste  taken to the   dump.  It-'.would'-he difficult to find a mining enterprise  iii .���������'���������winch the .'technical problem is inore simple  or the ''financial' question-  more involved.    Mr.  Edison  hopes to 'conclusively."prove" in dealing  with  it that ore   can  be  more advantageously  'treated- bv electricity t hair by. other 'means.    He  certainly'wiir have 'an excellent opportunity of  proving'his claim, since tin1 rock upon which he  will-commence, operations contains only 10 per  cent   of magnetite,   'if'the experiment: realizes  anything like a  profit  it   will  be  impossible to  gainsay the services which mr.'Edison will have  rendered to the   metallitcrous mining .industry;'  If there  is anything like, a solid foundation to  the claims that are being -put forward the prospects  of  electricity  in   the  separation  of  ores  seems  peculiarly  auspicious.    It   has   been   applied  to  prevent  mercury from   "sickening" in  the treatment  of refractory gold ores in South  Africa with satisfactory success, and a machine  for  this  purpose  is one of the exhibits at  the  Crystal Palace.     In other .branches of' metalliferous mining the advantages of electricity are  being continually exemplified by new instances.  Electrical smelting and deposition has fairly won  a position for itself, and the latest reports upon  Elu ell process show that the technical difficulties  attending this utilisation of electricity have been  surmounted.    Hitherto, the industrial applica  tion is as yet largely a matter of theory. But  taking into account the achievements of electrical science in the past, and estimating from  these its possibilities in the future, there is ample  ground for anticipating an improvement in the  processes of metalliferous mining that will en*  able proprietors of mineral properties to take  fuller advantage of the resources at their  disposals  The Mining Department, or tnc World** Fair.  The scope of the mining exhibit at the World's  Fair will be so broad that it will tell the story of  metals from the days of primitive man to the  present time.   The story will be replete with  romance and wild adventure, with tragedies and  comedies, with wonders unfolded for the first  time and with all the astounding developments^  brought about by the magic wand of science. L  It will be a tale without words, narrated to the:;-;  eyes.   Some parts of it Will be understood only  by the few. but others will he quickly comprehended by the many.  The department of mines,  mining, and metallurgy, is divided into 27 groups,  in turn subdivided into 123 classes.   The raw ma-  =te^ials and the natural products to be exhibited  'fj ���������&  '*..'&  '    ���������! j4  '"' '&%  - i* .JM  *n* .J>JJ..J  , <fc.  ,4.  "*>      ,\i    'M'   '$������i#  ^,-i.''ri?V  " 'i "-*���������!&  i-,t'-?J;dja������  in this department will- constitute the basis of j  every other department���������except agriculture and  horticulture���������made at the World's Fair, t The  groundwork of all the ai;ts, sciences, and mechanical industries, will be found within the  mines and mining building.: The exhibit.will  embrace all the useful and precious, metals, pre-^  clous stones, mineral fuel,,building stones, ela^^V^S  and sands, salts and pigments, and al^th^j^^V-'^lH  chinerv, implements, and^appliarices!-ernplbye'clt^g^  in their conversion to use. In short, the^voluV^Q4S  tion of metals and minerals frpm the crude condition to the finished product will be displayed,  not alone of this country and Age but of all lands  anTiTigesf rom the beginning. The people of caused ion of the province especially, and the whole  province generally, who attend the world's exT  hibition of products, would feel chagrined and  mortified if such a thing shoulrt occur as that  noted above and we be '"'not in it." And there  is but one way that this can be accomplished,  viz., by a reasonable legislative appropriation,  thus to allow the work of preparing the proper  exhibit to go forward while there is yet time.  Next February, one year hence, will-he ..too late.  OK  -.j.-ff  'ft  War 011 tlte Pagan*  Colonel ^Bob" Ingersoll has; nnid^ to  attract by his Titanic aggressiveness the attention of the Christain ministry. I seem to see a  marked disposition on the part of the clergy to  have��������� a h 11 nt for a bald-headed heretic, as it were.  Whether it is that t he colonel is -growing bolder  as he grows older, or whether the Christian com-  inunity is beginning to look upon him as a dangerous man I am not prepared to say, but I  think from this 'time;out the colonel will have  his hands full. He has been recently fighting a  single-handed battle through one of the newspapers against 10 or 15 clergymen of various  denominations, and he has just been compelled  to sue the rev.-mr. Dixon of Brooklyn for malicious libel. The colonel is a beligerent man by  nature, and he loves controversy. I rather  think he would enjoy a tirst-class fight  at the finish. He has the assurance that  whenever he chooses to hire a hall and hang  out a poster he can clear $1000 per night by  simply expressing his views in his own original 'wa v. He is "the only man that I know of  today in the country who could '.makean income  of $oO,(KX) a year if he choose'to. by simply standing up and talking to people at $1 per head. It  is'ra'-i-.er surprising that he does not abandon  his law practice entirely and'take to lecturing as  a. ptvmanent business* The colonel's lack of  orthodoxy may bring him considerable trouble,  but it is'also a 11 unfailing source of revenue.  <��������� >5 HOT SPMHGS NEWS:   AKSWOBTH, B. 0., MARCH 23, 1892.  %  t  if  a"  THE HOT SPR/NtiS NEWS IS PUBLISHED ON WED-  nesdays. and mil be mailed to subscribers at the following  rates, payable in advance: One year fa six months $2.50,  three months $1.50. Advertising rates given on application.  Vo communication or letter o7>er an anonymous signature  will be printed. HOUSTON &> INK, Proprietors. _  |M Springs |tctos.  J;'  *i ���������  -  hv  ^   ���������  1^  i  ^  Si  <   It.' <  '%Pr> -������������������-  . // ? : '  ,       /    - rS.( ^ r  J    ty  lf������  ��������� /i -- -  J^. -J  t  11     ^     .Hit      ^  J,  ,    :.\������j ML'. %  f V- -(1  it  THREATENED WITH EPIDEMIC DISEASE.  Ainsworth is badly in need of drainage, but  how to begin and complete the work is a question that the residents of the town appear to be  unable to decide. While one property owner is  willing to stand his share of the expense, another  is indiffereut, and another still opposed to making an^ outlay. The townsite is owned by a  company that appears to oppose every improvement that the residents of the place" favor, and  the result is that the town is without a water  ��������� systeih, without graded streets, without drainage, and without many more conveniences that  are actually necessary. Unless .something is  done in the .way,of drainage epidemic disease  will be the result, and the loss of a few lives will  t   probably cause those most directly interested to  ^ "bestir themselves. The people should ask the  lieutenant-governor in council to create a health  ���������t   district under the act for promoting the public  health; then see to it that the men appointed on  the board are men with backbone.   The result  ,  will,be that the. danger now threatened will be  i' averted.   ,     ,''-,',       ' < .   Sam r- > ������        >������Sffi2K:     UJ������ t v  COMING ' REPUBLICS.  1   t  . ,0-  \  V    ' .1  ->:  TSmfth ;;iv One does not have to search very long to discover signs that half the globe* will be ruled under republican form of government before very  many years have passed; and that half, will be  /the enterprising, the vigorous, the growing half.  England seems destined to be famous among  nations aS a mother of republics.    Love of independence and a determination to govern them-,  selves have characterized her offspring wherever  they have settled a new country.    Canada may  never unite with her sister the United States,  but Canada will in all probability become an independent   nation,   inaintkining with  England  only the relations of daughter and mother.   The  new --population flowing into British Columbia,  Manitoba, and the va^st farming areas of the  NorthwestTerrit()ries, opened up by the Canadian Pacific, Will bring tins about quickly when  they have taken the jnanagement of the affairs  of the Dominion out of the hands of the eastern  provinces.    Then the three/ Americas, from one  extremity to the cither, will be republican.  Australia and the neighboring British colonies are  now discussing plans for federation'  under one  government,- and,   when   the  union   is  accomplished, a nation 'with a magnificent destiny will  have been born.    It is hard to say what heights  of power and  prosperity such an Australasian  federation might not attain, with it sad vantages  of geographical situation, its own resources, and  the wealth .which nature has poured'on the outlying island gardens of the archipelago.     The  young  nation would  soon  realize its strength,  hoist a flag of its own, declare itself of age, and  throw ot������ England's  leading-strings,   adding a  whole    continent    to    the    list    of    republics,  Africa,   too,   may    reasonably    be   considered  ground where-the seed of one or several republics 'is  germinating.    From the Soudan to the  Cape of Good Hope white men are-opening up  the dark continent,    Hundreds of explorers are  completing the work of Stanley. Emin, Livingstone,   and their predecessors;   and   they   have  entered Africa not merely to solve problems, but  to establish commerce and agriculture. The pro  gress of the last few years, great as it has been,  will be vastly accelerated by the railroads- now  building; the* white colonization of Africa will  not be long delayed.    It is Englishmen and Germans who are doing this, Englishmen elnelly.  One of these  races  will  probably control  the  Congo state in time, and settle all neutrality  questions by turning it into a republic.    Agents  of the British East and South Africa Companies,  of whose work little is heard, but whose explorations are carried on unceasingly in every direction, are penetrating the innermost mysteries  of Africa, and opening more trade routes than  ever  were known  to  the Arab traders of the  past.    Anglo-Saxon traders and settlers follow  in  their  footsteps,  and   wherever a  colony   is  formed the spirit of republicanism takes root.  The story of the English colonization in Africa  is likely to be that of the United States, of Canada, of Australasia.    Is it unreasonable to-suppose that eventually three continents���������America,  Australasia,   Africa���������will  lie  republican, while  Eurppe and Asia will continue to be ruled by  sovereigns?    What would be England's relation  toward Canada and Australasia in such a case?  Imperial federation, the union of the three in  empire, has been proposed, but is meeting with  diminishing favor on the ground that it would  be impracticable.    Instead, there has been proposed union on some principle of the acknowledgment of relationship by blood, some recognition of consanguinity, l,mt on terms so vague,  and involving such complete independence one  of another, that even the United States might  - ioin in it with the other nations of Aiiglo-Soxon  descent.       ^ ��������� ; ,       -. UJL.  ,   THE    COMMUNITY'S   CURSE.  The currish spirit which'clutches everything  within reach and gives nothing in return is too  despicable for the toleration of fair-minded peo-',  pie.    The man  who disregards the claim upon  him by a community in which and out of which  he is making wealth, who has a soul  so small  or so dead that he feels no pridein liisfown  nor any ambition to maintain its enterprises or  promote its prosperity, is probably impervious  to public scorn and contempt, but should, nevertheless, be inade to realize that he has earned,  fueiii and that they are unaninioiisly accorded  '���������'..- boo.'.' . '__^__^L_i__^^l--���������-  \  A    PROMINENT   BANKER    ON   SILVER.  It is refreshing in these days of the silver agitation,   to  know  that  one man   prominent  in  banking circles who had the courage, to speak  out his sentiments at a Meeting of banking men  ���������in'the-city; .of Chicago, recently.    The speaker  ; ���������was--non"e'*otner/>th.ari;i>reside^it William H. St.  Jolin'.o-f the Mercantile National lhu\k of New  York.    The speech was in 'substance as follows:  !       "Free eoiiiageand free silver are t lie eom.inon  |  >.' but   inisleading  terms   for  a   proposal  to   n>-  !   -store the coinage systenrof the Cnited States  \   " founded miderWashingUm,as ad vised by A :|ex-  j   "ander'Hamilton, recommended by Thomas .lef-  i   " ferson, and ratified subsequently, by  Andrew  |   -Jackson.    That old. system of  equally  nnre-  |   " strict ed coinage of gold and silver, '"which  it  !   'vis now proposed to reinstate, was maintained  " continuously for Si years, until overt brown in  "1873, and  yet no objections now are too para-  ���������"��������� (toxical to hail from some antagonists of silver  "'coinage.    The same men who denounced it as  " a scheme of mine owners to enhance t he value  ������������������of silver and  yet  a swindle of pensioners-by-  -reducing  the  value of the  legal  tender silver  ." dollar, and  then   a  futile ,endeavt������r  to reduce  -the value  of money by enlarging its volume.;  *��������� futile, because the enactment  will banish gold.  "but nevertheless a practical repudiation of -.:���������*);  ���������*��������� cents  on   the  dollar of all  debts  to benefit  ���������** the debtor class."  Mr. St. John rapidly analyzed the monetary  condition of continent ial Europe as showing  their need of silver and the world's insufficiency  of gold. If Europe should desire to discard her  silver. Europe's only silver is her coined money.  It is as equally legal tender as her gold, therefore Europeans would get nothing more available as money at home -dollar for dollar exchange of their silver coin for gold.    Continuing  he said:  -The Bank of France reserves its stock of sil-  ������������������ ver like its stock of gold, a* the unlimited law-  -ful money of France, irrespective of bullion  ���������* value.    As  such  it  will  liquidate  the  bank's  - vast liabilit ies at par.    Therefore our reopened  - mints could not attract it at a discount. The  ������������������minimum  discount  would   be JMKJ   per cent.  - Her old coin would lose 5 per cent, in a dollar  vfor dollar exchanged at our mints. That  -chartered bank could not recoin her4$2t30t01X),-  "000-of silver which is serviceable at home to  " redeem her ,$0<KUKK)JX)0 of circulating notes at  "par, unless her shareholders would sanction  " its surrender at a discount. A discount of live  "per cent would niean a sacrifice on their ac-  " count of $12,500,000 in such evidently valueless  - exchange."  ODELL & SQUIRE,  MERCHANT TAILORS,  NELSON��������� B. O.  are now settled in their uvw store. So. 2 Houston & Ink  building, and have on display a full range of  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings and Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  PRICES TO STTIT? THE TIMES  ARTHUR   E.   HODGINS,  (A. M. Can. .SotvC. K.).  QIVIL EiaiEEEfi AND AEOHITECT,  TOLSO.N    161 ILIHVI.  .XKLSO.NY-.K. <  W       H. WHITTAKER,  j  Barrister at: Law,   Solicitory Notary  Publ^ Etc.  ���������      , OthYe, .Victoria'street,. .Kanitoops, B. C.  E.C. ARTHUR, M.D.  Physician, Surgeon, and Accoucheur.  Tciep  one 4.").'        Otlh e ���������   Sinnhn    uui Vi(torja .Streets.  J. R. WILLiAMS,  Ijrrnt'iateof the Uoval Collie nf Physieiah^.nf  l.ondni. :  Meiuh������:r of the Itoyal < 'olle>;v of .Sur^-ons ut hn.ulaiMl,  C(������rn<T Silica and Ward Street*,- Net-on. T������-l.ephone 10.  C. E.G. BROWN, L.D.S.  Special attention Lriven to care and J reat inent of diseased  teeth Crnwn and- hridt^e work of the innsi ajiproved  iiiocie-. (h������ld plate-, as well as.vulcanite, inserted,' 'leeth  regulated. All work warratited. Will visit V\estKoo(e  nav at the opening of navigation and .spend the, greater  jiartof the. sutnnnrr. Due. notice of visit, will l>u Riven m  Tmk Mix Kit.  .January 11M li,' 1SJI2.  One Per Cent a Month  can hi; ohhiined for small amount >, loaned on short t ime  and well secured. Apply lo IIOI'STON. . ,V INK, real  estate and mine Itrokers. Miner hnildi!iKr,'Nels-on. HOT SPBIMS NEWS:  AINSWOBTH, B. C, MABGH 23, 1892.  r  it  i  ���������tk  *  Nelson Sawmill Co. Ltd.  Yard:   At end of* Flume.  Mill:  Two Miles Smith of Nelson,  mi: oii:aki:ass*ii-\t of  khui>.  Manufacture  Lumber,  Moldings,  Shingles.  Tiie ftiiil  lias a raimelly 01 iriMNM* feet, a day.  Orders will receive prompt attention.  W. N. BOLFE, Secretary.  omee������i Tol*o������ block.  umcc&lKnd of Flume.  Telephone 2.  'mi-.      M, ��������� ..!..! ���������  TUB  WILL BE REMOVED A2JD BJBBUILT  O  at Kaslo  during the summer of l&i'i. New and improve! machinery  will he put in. A" drive of choice logs,, consisting of white  nine, white spruce, clear cedar, etc., will he brought down  from the l^irdeau. The,mill will he run at its present site  until iho new establishment is ready. An abundant stock  of rough nnd dressed lumber, shingles, etc. now on hand.  All orders promptly filled. Prices and terms will be adjusted to meet any competition.  March lSth, lStri. <i. <>. SHtlllVW.  The Davies-Sayward  Sawmill Company  MANrr-AOTriucus ok  OF EVERY  .llKSC'ltirtlON.  u>i:u\>'iu;p at nki.son,  vinsw oirni. oii HAi.Koru).  No. 1 flooring, I inch. \n-v M  So. .2"        '"        (> inch.  No, t ceiling, 1 inch.        "  No. 2 '"        i������ ii>chv,    '."   ;  Ivusi i<\ ���������  Select   ch'ar,   1 *1 >. "    No. 1 common, 1>.  ,   ������������������      , m>,'      .;" -    liar ami counter tops, clear, per foot .  No. 1 common, per M      No. 2        -'* "    Tails. "     ..-..      ���������  Shingles. "          ........... r ... ���������, ��������� ��������� ��������� ���������  M01J>ft.\<;S.  Head, panel., crown, base. etc.,. etc.. 'per foot   Hills al  PiloMJny. kooicnay Lake  j?:*2  00  00  :i2  00  00  27  00  10 (HI  2a  00  27  00  10  m  00  la  00  12  00  1  aO  ^Aunoc  S. 0. Spalding,  Manager  There was a story in the newspapers recently  about a Massachusetts minister who resigned  his charge because someone had given his parish  a fine house, and his parishioners wanted him to  live in it. His salary was too small, he said, to  admit of his living in a big house, and he would  not do it. He was even deaf to the proposal  that he should share the proposed tenement  with the sewing societies and clubs of his church,  and when the matter came to a serious issue, he  relinquished his charge and sought anew iield of  usefulness. The situation was an amusing instance of the embarrassment of riches. Let no  one to whom restricted quarters may have  grown irksome, and who covets larger dimensions of shelter, be too hasty in deciding that the  minister w;is wrong.    Did you ever see the house  that Hawthorne lived in at Lenox?   Did you  ever see Emerson's house at Concord?   They are  good houses for Americans to know and remember.   They permitted thought,   A big house is  one of the greediest cormorants which can light  upon a little income.   Backs may go threadbare  and stomachs may worry along on indifferent  fillings, but a house will have things, though its  occupants go  without.    It is rarely complete,  and constantly tempts the imagination to flights  in  brick and dreams in  lath and plaster.     It  develops annual thirsts for paint and wall paper;  the plumbing in it must be kept in order on  pain of death.    Whatever price is put on coal, it  has, to be heated in winter; aud if it is rural or  suburban, the grass about it must be cut even  though funerals in the family have to be put off  for the mowing.    If the tenants are hot rich  -enough to hire people to keep their house cleau,  they must do it themselves, for there is no excuse, that will pass among housekeepers for a  dirty house.   The master of a house too big for  him. may expect to spend the  leisure  which  might be made intellectually or spiritually profitable inI^Juiriiigand putting into practice fag  ends of the arts of the plunibei\ the bell-hanger,  the locksmith, the gastitter. and the carpenter.  Presently he will know how to do everything  that can be done in the house, except enjoy himself.    He will learn about taxes, too, and water  rates, and how such abominations as sewers or  new pavements are always liable to accrue at  his expense.    As fort he mistress, she will be a  slave to carpets and curtains, wall-paper, painters, and women who come in  to work by the  day to clean.    ������he will be lucky if she gets a  chance to say her prayers, and thrice and four  times happy When she can read a book or visit  with her friends.    To live in a big house may be  a  luxury, provided  that one has a full set of  money and an enthusiastic housekeeper in one's  family, but to scrimp in a big house is a miserable liusiness.    Yet such is human folly, that for  a man to refuse to live in a house because it is  too big for him, is such an exceptional exhibition ot sense that it becomes the favorite paragraph of a day in the newspapers.    An ideal of  earthly comfort, so common that every reader  must  have seen it, is'" to get a house so big that  it  is''burdenso.ine- tu maintain, and fill it up so  full of-jimcracks that it is a constant occupation  to keep it 'in-order.    Then, when the ex pen se,of  living iii-it is so great that you can't afford to go  away, and rest from the burden Of it, the situation is complete and boarding-houses and cemeteries begin to yawn for you.   How many Americans, do you suppose,  out of   the droves  that  Hock 'annually 'to Km-ope, are running away from  ���������oppressive houses?-  When nat ore undertakes' to_ provide-a house,  it tits the occupant. Animals who -build by instinct build only what they need, hut man's  building instinct,'if it gets a chance to spread  itself' at all, is boundless, just as all his instincts  are. '-For it is man's peculiarity that nature has  IC. I\ rilUKY,   lireul a<  Nelson.  Bia:n\i;itA niTSON,   Igenls at A'insM-orili.  illedhhn with impulses to do things, and left^it  o his /discretion when to stop. She never tells  him when he has 'finished.' And perhaps we  ought- not to be surprised that in so many cases  it happens that he-doesn't know, but just goes  ahead as long as the materials last. If another  man tries to oppress him, he understands that  and is ready to tight to death and sacrifice all he  has, rather than subinit: but. the tyranny of  things is so 'subtle,, so gradual in its approach,  and comes so masked" with seeming .benefits,  that it has him hopelessly bound before he sus  pects his fetters. He says from day to day, **I  will add thus to my house;" "I will have one or  two more horses;" "I will make a little greenhouse ..in'.iny garden;" "I will allow; myself the  luxury of another hired man;" and so he goes  on having things and imagining that he is richer  for them. Presently he begins to realize that it  is the things that own him. He has piled them  up on his shoulders, and there they sit like Sin-  bad's old Man and drive him; and it becomes a  daily question whether he can keep his trembling  legs or not. All of which is not meant to prove  that property has no real value, or to rebut  Charles Lamb's scornful denial that enough is  as good as a feast. It is not meant to apply to  the rich, who can have things comfortably, if  they are philosophical; but to us poor, who have  constant need, to remind ourselves that where  the verbs to have and to be cannot both be com-  Cletely inflicted the verb to be is the one that  est repays concentration.  H  31  Henry Anderson,  Notary Public.  John L. RktalIack  Anderson & Retallack,  ', t  Eeal Estate and, Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  Crown Grout* ojbtnincd tar Mineral Claims.  Agents for Absentee Claim Owners.  Collections Ulade.  Correspondence Solicited.  t '       '  > * * i        '  Office in Townsite office, Sutton street, Ainsworth, B. C.^i^wu^  BREMNER & WATSON,  FOR HIRE.  AIMSWORTH, B. C. , ,, ���������  PACK AND SADDLE HORSESV'V^M  Contracts taken for hauling supplies/ machinery, ^o^'^OTCi.^^fw  j?*       to^apd from mines in Hot Springs district.   \; ��������� ' ^'JEa  ALL TEAMING  WORK  UNDERTAKEN;i������*x������m  Agents   for   Davtas-Say ward    Sawmill    Conipany^s,  Lumber, Moldings, jukI SUingles. ,    ,  Telephone 90. [ ,     ;    7 ;  R. J. MOWAT & CO.   :  Contractors and 'BuilderSj  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand (or store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Will contract to erect all kinds ot buildingsand guarantee  satisfaction.   Shop: corner Josephine and Bluff sts.  HENRY  & ADAMS,  -i^M  AIXSWOBtTIl,   BvC.  Dnu?s im& Medicines, Wall Paper, Puiiits and Oils,  7'  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Tackle,  Stationery, etc.    7    7  T0WI LOTS FOR SALE  AT AIXrfAVORTIL :  2 lots corner Wright and Wharf streets; price $2000.  I lot on S'nitoil street;' price $1000.  'IN NELSON. ,  Lots on Vernon, Baker, and Silica streets.  HOUSTON & INK, real estate agents. Nelson.  LAND   NOTICE.  Notice is herebyuriven that I intend to apply within 60  davs to the e.hief commissioner of lands and works for permission to purchase the following- described tract of land,  which is situate in West Kootenay district.;....Commencing  at the northeast corner post of lot 184, group 1, thenCe run-  ning 40 chains west along the northern boundary of such  lot'to its northwest corner post, thence 40 chains north  along the eastern boundary of the Columbia & Kootenay  Uailwav Company's block number 12, thence east 40chains  more or less to the shore of Kootenay lake, thence southerly along the shore line to the point of commencement;  containing UK) acres more or less.  CHARLES WESTLY BUSK.  Balfour, February 20th, 1S92. l������fu������*lpa*MH&  K^^Ulwrie^ijp^m-  B^ii.^A'aAL'wtij.t,; ^Ui-Jd^i-;  ^���������(-:iti.;:'5.;iTu;-j;c-' ���������-:���������*  HOT SPEDfGS NEWS:  AINSWOBTH, B. C, MARCH 23, 1892.  f  >   *  :*-J  i������_'  /- ���������  '5i  'a:..' *  7 7    I  fr" ^ 4  mi; ~  7/'   '   !  I-   1������, '  kip* <;7 ������'-t      (.*   1, '  r>(' ix^.7,r ''  a,.   -_������U7-. .  is, i  > "���������  4,v    t  *  <\  11  ���������51  Having Purchased the Stocks Carried by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co.  and Fletcher & Co.  is prepared to supply Prost)ectora, Jfining Comp  everything in the line of  MINING AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,  Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Tinware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.    The stock carried will  be sold at Low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  Corner Wright and Sutton Streets,       A TT^F4"T^7"0"F?JTT3"  TEXiZErjPIEHIOIJSrZE]   55.  LOCAL   AMI   l'KKSOXAL.  The first through freight for lake points came  in by way of the Little t)alies route; but unless  the local rates are lowered the bulk of the  freight will couie by way of Bonner's Ferry.  A. E. Bryan, the assayer, has decided to remove from Ainsworth to Kaslo. The ores in  the camps back of Kaslo are all high-grade.  W. F. MeCulloch, at one time government assayed at Victoria, will probably locate at the  mouth of Carpenter creek, so as to be within  easv distance of the Slocan mines.  , Owing to the scarcity of lumber, little head-  way is being made at Kaslo. One hotel has  been opened and another would be if building  material could be procured. Green Brothers'  store building is ready for goods; but the goods  :are sidetracked somewhere oii the main line of  the Canadian Pacific. XV. J. Wilson has a fine  * site for^a store, but the materia! with which to  erect the building is not in sight.  It is expected that the government will bring  in an appropriation of $1500 for the Ainsworth  wharf in the supplemental estimates. If the  townsite people had been more liberal with the  government regarding the site for the new recorder's office t he go vern men t would pro bah! y  have been more liberal in its grant for the wharf:  Mr. and mrs. E. E. Fletcher returned to Ainsworth this week from Kansas City, Missouri,  where mrs. Fletcher spent the winter.  D. Bremn er retur hed oh Wed n esda y fro in  Scotland, via7 Victoria. He reports times as  good in the ''old country," and judging By his  looks he fared well while there.  Mrs. Hughes of Seattle arrived in Ainsworth  this week with the intention of leasing the  Windsor hotel. Being ".unable to come to terms  with landlord McLeod, she left vowing that^'people could make two dolla rs in the United States  while they were making one in British Columbia."  It is reported that a machine shop is to be  erected at -Pi.Lot Bay this summer, with Jobn  Fife in charge.   Mr. Fife is now on the ground.  The office of recorder and constable for the  new Slocan mining division is being reached for  by several of the boys. The rumor is that J. L.  Retallack of Ainsworth carried the longest pole  and knocked the persimmon.  Mr. Kellie has been requested by the local  justices of the peace to use his influence to secure the appointment of a constable for Ainsworth, as one" is needed during the summer  months at least.  The, smeller wharf at Pilot Bay is being  planked, and when completed it will be as large  as ,all the other wharves in the lake country  put together.  Traeklaying cm the Great Northern railway  has reached a point 6 miles east of Bonner's  Ferry. As, soon as the road lied is surfaced, so  that cars can be run with safetv, a regular train  will be put on between Sand Point and Bonner s  <Vrry.     ;  The owners of the Tenderfoot are not a little  jubilant over striking ore in the north drift on  that property. The Tenderfoot may yet'surprise  the- "knowing ones."  Knlfoiir Soles,  A correspondent of Tiik News  writes from  Balfour,   under date  of the   22nd,  as  follows:  "Having noticed in the last issue of The Miner  statements made liy its Balfour eorrespondent  that are not hi accordance with the' opinions of  the majority of the residents.'' of the town, I  wish to give their side of the question in The  News. In the first place, we are fashionahie  people, and the only objection we had to the  ���������smelter being built here.'" was..the .fear: that it  would in jure..our plum trees. But the town is  .booming Just the same, ns is evidenced by the  fact that the .owner.-of the townsite has withdrawn the unsold lots from sale for fear that he  ���������.would run out of these "staple: .'articles* This is  a very pleasant place to live in, as there is no  norse or bustle to disturb anyone, and a very  nice place to die in, as you can either be buried  on the beach or on soine non-residents lot. Our  one wholesale and retail establishment is doing  a thriving business,''having just received by  steamer Spokane a. large supply of lOnglish-  made clothing and hob-nniled boot's and shoes.  The  sole proprietor of the--Balfour house has  gone daft on boat building, and in attempting  to navigate a craft built by himself, and named  "White Wings," takes many a Insider in the  pellucid waters of theouth't. The street-clearing contractors have undoubtedly made a success of their contract, as when last seen they  were rolling a keg, labeled "Club Whisky,"  tbrought the stumps that stand so thick on  Westley street."  Old  District* .Veglccfefl  for \<mv Oiics.  It is invariably the case when a new mining  camp comes to the front that older and more reliable ones apparently fade into insignificance,  for the time being, and prospectors and buyers  are strong in the belief that what they are in  search-of can only be-found in the newly discovered-Kldorados. Down near the boundary line,  is a district that has many good showings for,,  mines, yet no one of-the bundled^ intending to  visit;, the Kootenav countiv this vear think of  taking a look, through it before going on a hundred miles farther north to tin1 Slocan country.  Tbe Goat River and Duck Creek district has  been run over, not prospect ed, say the men who  wintered there. A couple of weeks ago one of  these, men took a short walk from his cabin, ami  .before ret timing found 110 less than t hree well-  detiiied ledges, carrying .good-looking, ore;  a not her, while hunt iiig ga ine, found t wo. Vet,  ������������������'even these men will not be content to remain  and prospect tbeii" new finds, for they will go  with tlie crowd, only to return later on, wishing,  perhaps; that they had remained.  Itefiinicd   to  Hi*  ICalllnlrk.  Napoleon Fifzstubbs, gold commissioner and  .government agent 'for-West ivoot eiiay, returned  to Nelson mi Sunday^rafter [Hitting in t lie winter  at Victoria advising the; government' as '-'.to the  needs of the people of whom he is lord and  master.-  Contract   Let.  The superintendent of .the -Krao has let a contract to Kobeit.Jackson to sink tbesli.ift on that  mine another 50 feet. This was .not''-because of  any disagreement between t be '.'mine management ond the miners rmployc'd.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  DEALEES   IIST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes,  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  jsr. IB.  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & CO.,. all parties bavin  outstanding accounts are requested to call and settle them as scon as uossible.  S  Telephone 58.

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