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Hot Springs News Apr 13, 1892

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 i  NUMBEE 31.  AINSWOETH, BEITISH  COLUMBIA, WEDNESDAY, APEIL 13, 1892.  TEN CENTS.  V  HOW   SEAL*   ARK   * AI������TI KKI>.  If the temporary agreement for protect ing the  seals of Alaska, known as the ?'modus viveridi,"  had not been renewed, the whole piratical fleet  of sealers would enter Bering sea next July and  Wipe out in one season the entire Pribilof herd,  destroying the sealing industry in those waters  forever. To make this understood it is only  necessary to explain the astonishingly scientific  system of slaughter adopted by the pelagic  sealers. Suppose that there were a single great  herd of 1.000,000 valuable fur-bearing beasts  which travel continually over a kite-shaped  track, many thousands of miles in circuit, on the  great plains of the West Imagine that these  animals devoted eight months in every year to  traversing this route^xiiever varying from it, so  that there entire company was always sine to  beat a given point on the road at a certain date,  though halting together in air isolated spot for  four months annually to hived and rear their  young. How long would it be before the greedy  hunters .would have wiped them all out? If the  latter were permitted to surround them at their  breeding place, a single season would suffice for  their exterminat ion. That is precisely the situ-  ' at ion. of the seals. The herd���������there is only one-  leaves the Pribilof islands-about November 10,  each year, to spend the winter in warmer waters.  Passing southward through the Aleutian chain  and out of Bering sea, the animals swim m a  southeasterly direction, toward Santa Barbara,,  about 400 >miles south of San Francisco, on the  Pacific coast. There they turn and $o north-  ward���������ncarlv a million 'strong���������hugging the  coast, past Oregon and Washington and along  the southern shore of Alaska into Bering sea,  reaching tbe Pribilof islands again by July 10.  Upon these lonely rocks they breed and nurse  t heir young four months at the end of which time  thepupsaro weaned andbig'enough toaccompany  the annual migration. The track they follow is  never varied from, and each week in the year  finds them at the same stage of their route, so  that no difficulty in discovering the .herd is experienced by the hunters, who pursue the poor  beasts rentlesslv month after month, killing,  killing, killing���������until they get back into Behring  sea again and are safe for a while. No present  project for putting a stop to this is entertained.  Tilt' modus vivendi and the seizures of vessels  have merely related to the exclusion of the  pelagic scalers from .'.Bering sea itself, 'where,*::  they are anxious to go and wipe "out. the whole  breeding herd, while it is assembled on t wo  small islalids, thus making an end of the species  ���������'at once and for good.  Before explaining in detail the remarkably  effective method by which this result Would be  accomplished, some very interesting points may  be mentioned'respecting the. extraordinary business of pelagic sealing. For the pursuit of this  industry small schooners bf;.from forty to sixty  t (ins a re equipped. Ka.cli such vessel starts out  on a voyage with three or four-moid lis,provisions, a quant it v of salt, a supply of repeating'.'  rifles and fifteen or twenty men..- Usually the  crew -includes a few Indians from Vancouver  island and Noah bay 'Washington. The schooner  sails out into t he path of the herd of seals. She  has no trouble in discovering when the right  point is reached by the popping up on all sides  in the water of the annuals'heads. Then she  ���������I'ies-to, unless the weather is too rough, and  lowers into the sea a number of small dories.  rOach boat is occupied by two men. One of them  sits in the bow with a Winchester rifle or fowling-piece loaded with buckshot across his lap,  while the other rows. The effort is to extend  from the vessel a line of from seven to ten dories,  which shall be within hail of each other, so that  thev could  find their way back in case of a fog  or storm.    Having taken their positions they  wait for the chance of a seal's head popping up  within   range.   The  animals,  while traveling,  only appear on the surface at the intervals necessary for breathing, takingaquick and cautious  look around and immediately diving again to  swim and lish.   They do all tlieirswimmingand  fishing under water.    When the hunter sees a  head pop up,   if be is quick enough,  he may  have time to aim and  fire before the seal has  taken   an   instantaneous   survey  of   him   and  dived.    Usually, when the animal comes up close  alongside the boat, its fright is so great that it  disappears too-suddenly for a shot, but if it pops  up at a distance of 50* or 100 yards, perhaps it  may pause for two or,three seconds and afford  an opportunity to the marksman.   At best the  aim is necessarily very uncertain, inasmuch as  both boat and seal are tossing about in tbe lumpy  water.    JSfo matter whether it is hit or not, the  seal disappears instantly.    If killed outright it  sinks; but, if the marksman, by keeping his eye  on the spot  where the carcass went under, can  so direct the boat as to get there quickly enough,  he may be able to see the body of the animal  going down in the crystal-clear water.    In that  case he whips out his gaff-pole and fishes it up.  To succeed in this, however, he must arrive in  time at the exact spot where the game sank,  since it is only from just above that it will be  visible through the choppy waves, which show  not a bubble for a guide.   A dead seal will sink  from 0 to 10 feet wfiile a skiff is rowed 50 yards.  There is more skill in finding the prey after it  is hit than in shooting it.    Supposing, that the  seal is slightly or mortally wounded, it dives and  swims away, in most cases to perish later.    If  merely stunned it flounders about on the surface  and is easily taken;   but that seldom  occurs.  From-this brief description some notion, can be  formed  of the enormous waste of  life in this  kind of hunting, which, according to the testimony of the sealers themselves, destroys fifteen  animals  for every one secured.    After a few  days the herd thus intercepted by the schooner  will have passed  by.    This is discovered  from  the  fact that no more heads of seals aie seen  popping up in   the  water.    Have the  unfortunate beasts at length  made their escape from  the predatory vessel? By no means. She simply  spreads her canvas to the breeze, sails for 60 or  100 miles, overhauls the animals and proceeds as  before.   So it continues week after week, month  after month, until they have been  pursued to  Bering sea, into which some bold poachers follow them, lying off the Pribilof islands in the  fog, which hardly ever rises, and shooting the  breeding  mothers  that   venture  out   into  the  ocean.   .In 1886 there were 7 vessels engaged in  the sealing  industry on  the northwest coast.  There were 22 in 1S87, 33 in 18S9, 4o in 1890, and  110 last summer.    This yeair there wi 11 be about  125 schooners in the business.    Allot these craft-  and  more than 2000 Canadian, American, Japanese, and   Indian hunters are devoted to tbe  indiscriminate slaughter of this herd of valuable  creatures, which are today almost 90 per cent  females.    They are at this writing  passing up  the coast by Vancouver island.    Of those which  are now being killed. 86 per cent are heavy with  unborn young.    By July 10 the entire herclwill  be on t wo islands' in Bering sea, breeding and  nursing t heir young.    The 'pup's are all born by  July 20, and up to November 10 the mother seals  are' constantly going out  to the ocean   fishing  banks for food.    They nurse their.offspring at  intervals of from one to four days, and travel in  search   of  fish 50 to 300 '���������miles away  from  the  islands.    The fleet entering Bering sea in July  would 'draw a cordon around the islands, practical! v  annihilate  all   the   mot hers   before  1 he  helpless-young are weaned  in  November, and  leave the infant seals to 'starve by myriads on  the  rock's. . While not   literally  exterminating  the species, the result of this would be to destroy  the sealing industry forever.    True, the pelagic  sealers would ruin their own business, but they  belong to a class of people who cave only for  today and do not look forward-to the morrow.  If people could see one of these sealers thrust  his ga if -hook into the carcass of a nursing female  m\  1     ������fe  J'v ������������������  '   *--'������*,-iV-#|  3AI  vi&ft  >\ "KM  . u .4    * -ATSJ  - il^^'Mit  .it"  *- A"***"!  -���������'      a $%&&  ' *#* A1'"^tSWrn  fir  7  seal and drag the body over the gunwale into  the boat; if, as this ruthless destroyer cuts the  hide from the animal, he could watch the milk  spurt on-which a poor little family of baby seals  depend for sustenance, how quickly would he  cry shame upon such beastly, barbarous butchery.    How long would it be before ths protection of the persecuted creatures would be completed?   It is most unfortunate that the details  of this inhuman business have not hitherto been  made familiar to the public. The Indian hunters  carried by the sailing vessels take an important  part in  the chase.   They are turned loose on  days when calm weather has succeeded a storing  At such times the seals, which have been so  tossed about  in the water as to have had no  sleep, for a considerable period, indulge in the  luxury of sound naps on the ocean billows, lying  on their backs at the surface with only their  noses and "heels" showing.   Thus rocked in the  cradle ofrhe deep, they peacefully repose,doubtless enjoying pleasant dreams, while the savage,  in his canoe approaches silently from the leeward. When within striking distance, thehunter  drives a toggle-headed spear into the, unconscious animal, drags the Drey up to the boatancL  knocks it on the head. This method of slaughter,  though not less indiscriminate than that adopted;;  by the white man, has the advantage t bat ho seal  that is struck is lost..  The pelagic sealers have  asserted that the breed of seals hunted off the  ,straits of Fuca and Vancouver island i$ not the  same as that of the Pribilof islands, and that  the Alaskan seals frequent more or less the Russian seal islands on the other side of Behring sea,;  seals from the latter, known as Commander is>  lands, sometimes joining the Pribilof herd. f As^  a matter of   fact,  every seal which journeys  through eastern waters of .the, north Pacific was r  born and bred on the Pribilof islands.   Never,.  within historic times have the animals cqmpbjV \i; ^vfp  ing the Pribilof herd ^hauledOut" to breed]any^'  where else than on these islands; which1 ttiey  doubtless   selected   because  they  were   \inip-        , ^]ff  habited, not being discovered until 1876, while  the mainland and the .islands'of the Aleutian  chain  were overrun very anciently by savage  men.   That no Russian seal w;us ever taken on  the Pribilof islands, or vice versa, is proved by  the records of market sales of the skins in London.    The Russian pelts are readily distinguishable from the Alaskan, being much lighter in  color.    Presumably the warmer water about the  Commander   islands,    the   temperature being  about  10 degrees higher, has made the difference in the course of generations.   The Russian  skins are only   worth  about   half as much as  the Alaskan.     The   herd   which   breeds  upon  the Commander islands is about as large numerically as the Pribilof herd at present comprising somewhat less than a million individuals.    It spends the  winter in the Japan  sea  and ill the neighborhood of the Kurile islands.  Thus far it has not been]attacked to any ext ent  by pelagic sealers,-simply because their attention  has   been   centered   upon   the   more   valuable  Alaskan  animals.    However,   as   soon   as   the  Pribilof herd  has been wiped out the Russian  seals will be attacked. Russia claims no jurisdiction over Bering sea beyond 3 miles from the  shore, and she can only save her seals by joining  the United States and Great Britain in the international agreement, which constitutes the only  hope for the preservation' of these useful creatures.    If a 10-mile or 30-mile zone of protection  can be established, there is no reason why a zone  of 300 or 500 miles should not be maintained.  Such an agreement once made, the seals would  be saved.    Some  notion   of the  rapidity  with  which thev are being exterminated can begot  from the report of United States commissioner  Elliott, who,  in 1874,  counted 3,000,000 of seals  on the Pribilof islands.    In 1890 he found there  only 959,000, old and voting..   In 1874 there were  1,200,-000 '-bachelor seals"���������males-under 6 years  old���������which are not allowed by the hulls to come  upon the breeding rocks.    A liberal estimate in  1880 placed the number of bachelors at 100,000.  So that if some permanent restrictions are not  placed upon the hunters, the seal will soon follow the buffalo and be a thing of the past.  fV HOT SPEINGS NEWS:  AINSWOETH,  B. C, APBH. 6, 1892.  f  ' <      i  P  1 "      ' j  V   r  1-1 ~7 ,v*' "  t*  THE HOT SPRINGS NEWS IS PUBLISHED ON WED-  nesdays, and will be mailed ta subscribers at the following  rates, payable in advance: One year fa, six months fa.jo,  three months $f,$Q, Advertising rates given on application.  No communication or letter over an anonymous signature  will be Printed, HOUSTON & INK, Proprietors.  ^M rSpriitgfi  gxtos.  THE   MODERN   GUY   EAWKES.  The Paris dynamiter,  Ravachol, avows   his  crimes and glories in them with the frankness  and hardihood of Guy Fawkes.   He is seemingly  as sincere and high-spirited an assassin as ever  threw a bomb at a czar, stabbed a police superintendent, tried to blow up Russell Sage, or took  a pot shot at a president of the United States.  All such persons, filled with this insane philosophy of righting political or social wrongs by  assassination are the proper fruit of the gallows  in Europe or America.   The knife was thrust in  vain into the heart of Marat; the bomb blew up  r*   Alexander II of Russia to no purpose; the dagger of Joe Blake paralyzed Parneir$ .work for a  time; the murder of lord'Lei trim only increased  the pains of Ireland, just as the bullet of Booth  harderiedc *the heart of the north against the  south0at������the moment when  Lincoln,   had he  lived, woulftiJiave melted it to tears.   The whole  philosophy of political assassination is a bloody  blunder and crime when undertaken in the name  of popular liberty.    If public opinion is really  behind the dagger there is no need and there-  foreifo excuse for using it, and if it is not behind it there is certainly no excuse for a few  malcphtents to butcher a government that has  its roots in the hearts of the < people.    Political  assassination is more absurd and fatal to the  welfare of society than even lynch law, for lynch  law sometimes, as in San Francisco in 1856, has  represented fairly the will of the people, undertaken through irregular courts, but conducted  with all the deliberations and solemnity of legal  proceedings, but political assassination, whether  wrought in Russia  or   Ireland,  in   Germany,  France, Italy, Austria, Spain, or America, has  always been an act of insane folly, a crime and  a gross blunder executed under a noble name.  All persons imbued  with  this  same   political  philosophy of righting political wrongs or social  abuses by dynamite or the: dagger ought to be  hunted down   mercilessly   to   death,   because,  whether sincere or insincere, they have a bye in  their bonnet that is liable at any time to sting  somebody to death, Chicago anarchists or Paris  anarchists or Russian nihilists are doubtless all  sincere scoundrels, and exceedingly dangerous  because of their sincerity.    It is no argument  that the Russian and the Irish nihilists have received  deep   provocation   through -'misgovern-'  ment, while the Chicago anarchist has not been  vvrobged by the government; because there are  all degrees of political insanity, and the difference between the dagger and dynamite in Russia and Ireland and the dagger and dynamite in  Chicago is only a difference of degree in the absurd faith that daggers kill kingdoms when they  kill kings; that bombs blow up social and political systems when they destroy a czar or murder  a president.    These political assassins all hold in  common the insane philosophy of recasting a  government by murder; of terrorizing a tyrant  by violence into breaking his sword and surrendering his scepter.    As well might you try to  terrorize a leopard into .changing his spots.    A  tyrant   understands  what  a  popular   uprising  means, but assassination is as absurd and insane  an effort to abate political outrages as it would  be to try to destroy the railway system of America by shooting the engineer in his cab.   Men  who expect to upset tyrants and found free  sbites by the dagger of private assassination  rather than by the sword of insurrection and  the voice of agitation are either insane enthusiasts or destructive knaves; half mad wolf; half  sentimentalist pleading that his motives weie  sincere and his provocation great.  THE     GERMAN     EMPERORS    BLUNDERS.  The German emperor is now reaping the consequences of his egotistic and arrogant repudiation of  the  advice   given   htm   by Bismarck.  When the new sovereign came to the throne  Bismarck was preparing   to secure   from  the  reichstag an extension of the laws against the  socialists, the great chancellor logically holding  that no compromise was possible between the  monarchy and the semi-democratic party, which  agreed that  the existing order should be overthrown, and only differed as to the means to  the end.   The young emperor treated this warning with contempt, and undertook to transform  the socialists into loyal subjects.    He allowed  the reichstag to see that he personally desired  the anti-socialist laws to expire by limitation,  and Bismarck found himself unable to get them  renewed.   Then  came the imperial scheme of  the international labor conference,  which, as  Bismarck predicted, proved abortive.    Emperor  William has tried to placate the demands of the  German workinguien  by vague promises and  verbal blandishments, but he has doiie nothing  for them.    Even the workmen's insurance laws  0\vere devised and passed by Bismarck. Emperor  William is a man born out of his time; be lie-  longs to the age of paternal absolutism represented by the brutal, half-crazy father of Frederick the Great;   he has discovered   that the  socialists are not gullible folk, for at the last  general election to the reichstag they refused to  support the government nominees, cast a vastly  increased vote for their own candidates, and ob-  i  tained a much larger representation in the Ger-   !  man parliament.    The only difference between   !  the German socialist radicals and conservatives '���������  is  that  the conservatives  believe  in  constitu-   |  tional agitation against the monarchy,  while   |  the radicals prefer 'more expeditious and violent], I  measures.    Emperor William now sees that Bismarck was right, and be is now trying 1 o ed beat e  the growing generation of Germans into monarchists by making sectarian Catholic or Protestant  education   compulsory   in   all  schools.  Socialists and anti-monarchy Germans are generally free-thinkers  and   non-church-goers,  so  emperor William stupidly believes that he can  educate Germany into absolutism by making all  the schools teach either Roman Catholic or P'rot-  estant orthodoxy.    The   passage   of  this   law  would, of course, undo all that.  Bismarck accomplished by the passage of his anti-clerical  'laws,'.which  were  directed  against  the  Catholics, and it would not be surprising if emperor.  William   at   no   distant   dav   bad    to''������������������choose  between calling Bismarck back to the chancellorship, and finding himself confronted in  the.  German parliament by Bismarck as leader of  the  opposition.     Emperor  William,   when   he  forced Bismarck to. resign, determined to be his  Own Bismarck, and he. has made a botch of it.  The emperor will live to find out that his young  hands cannot bend the bow that none but Bismarck can wield.    His grandfather, William 1,  was-nothing but-a rude soldier until he found  Bismarck; Bismarck became his brains; Prussia  became arbiter of the fate of Germany; the king  of Prussia became emperor of Germany.    This  was the Work of  Bismarck.    The present emperor   cannot see that he   owes   his   imperial  throne to the brain and patriotism of his great  subject; he thinks that the man who is heir to  a valuable watch is also heir to the skill that  constructed its mechanism and keeps it in order  and proper repair. Emperor William II has  been fooling with the splendid works of the  watch, that Bismarck made and hung around  the neck of emperor William I. so long that the  watch begins to show signs of injury to its mechanism. Emperot William II cannot make a  watch; he cannot repair a watch; cannot even  clean a watch, but he can break a main spring  or stop a watch with all the ability of a little,  guiltless child. Emperor William is likely to  see perilous days, when he will feel like saying:  **6h, for an hour with Bismarck."  BREMNER & WATSON,  AISSWOKTH, It. ������.  PACK AND SADDLE HORSES  FOR HIRE.  i  Contracts taken for hauling supplier, machinery, ore, etc.,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  i  ALL TEAMING  WORK   UNDERTAKEN.;!  Agent*    for   I*a vies-Say ward    Sawmill    <onipitny'������  Lumber,  .Homing** mid  Shingle*.  Telephone 90.  -bMuTTiouii*-  MEROHANT TAILORS,  NELSON, B. C.  ���������are now settled in their new store, No. 2 Houston & Ink  building, and have pn display a full range of  Plain and Fancy Worsted Suitings and Scotch and  Irish Tweeds and Serges.  ZFIEfclOIES TO SITIT THIJE TIMES  Plasterers andBricklayers  Will contract for all kinds of work, materials furnished  and estimates given for work in any town  in Kootenay Lake country.  LIME   FOB   S^LE  at Nelson and Pilot Bay or delivered at any point on the  lake in any sized Quantities.   Address P. 0. box 47, NelKon.  R. J. MOWAT & CO.  S  SEASONED   LUMBER  always on hand for store fittings, desks, tables, etc.  Will contract to erect all kinds of buildings and guarantee  satisfaction.   Shop: corner Josephine and.Bluff 8ts.  actors  AINSWORTH, B. C.  The above linn will contract for all kinds of carpenter  work. Hans amlspeeitlcat ions furnished on short notice.  All kinds of .mining and mill: work attended to.  HENRY & ADAMS,  PIONEER DRUG' STORE,  AINSWOKTH, '���������*.������������������.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Papeiv l'aints and Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Tackle,  .Stationery, etc.  TOWN LOTS FOR SALE  AT  AINSWORTH.  2 lots corner Wright and Wharf streets; price $20(10.  1 lot on Sutton street; price $1000.  IX   NKLSON.  Lots on Vernon, Baker, and Silica streets.  HOUSTON \S: INK, real estate agents, Nelson. 1 a  i fi  j .1  HOT SPBTOGS NEWS:  AINSWORTH, B. 0., APRIL 6, 1892.  H. SELOUS, J. P.  JAV   <iOtILI>   ������11ITTI\������   THE   IXIOX    PA4IFIC.  NOTARY  PUBLIC.  REAL ESTATE AND   MINES  CONVEYANCING.  Town lots, lands, an������l mining claims handled on com-  mission.   Conveyancing documents drawn up.  Correspondence solicited.  Office:   No. 13 East Baker Street, KELSON, B. 0.  Westminster,  IC<������prcM'iitatlvcs  at   Vancouver,   Xew  and   Victoria.  0. HAMBER,  (NOTARY  PUBLIC*)  Real Estate, Mining Broker,  AND  Insurance Agent,  WKST  It A KICK STKKK1,    NELSON,  It. ������������������.  (Fire. I  Representing���������  CITIZENS  QUKHKC  CITY OF LONDON   "      !  EQUITABLE (Life.) j  HEAL ESTATE and MIX  ING INTERESTS in the  district handled to the  best advantage.  Correspondence solicited.  cC, E. I'KitRY, M. S. Davys,       ������>    J. H. Guay,  Mem. lust. C,E��������� P.L.S.        M.E. C.E., L\L.S.  PERRY, GRAY & DAVYS  CIVIL AND MINING  ENGINEERS.  Provincial Land Surveyors  Keal Estate, and Mining Brokers.  Hallway   reconnaissance and  location  contracts  taken  Prospecting outfits organized, mines reported on,  and assays .furnished.   Estimates prepared.  OFFICES ���������   Vietoria-^Room 4, Spencer's Arcade, Government street.   Nelson���������Baker street.  D. B. Bocjlk, E. P. Wualley; Notary Public,  Nelson. West. Vernon street.       Eldorado City, Slocan.  BOGLE & WHALLEY  MINING BROKERS,  REAL ESTATE,  AND INSURANCE AGENTS.  Rumors have been circulated for the past few  days concerning the Union Pacific in the near  future.   The statement is to the effect that the  Gould faction have accomplished their object in  getting control of the Union Pacific, that is, to  build up the Missouri Pacific and other Gould  lines, hence the desire to drop the line now. The  same authority declares that the entire management will be effected, even to the petty officers.  The resignation of Charles 8. Mellen as general  traffic manager of the Union Pacific is said lo be  the first tangible evidence of this gigantic turning over in railway circles.    The resignation  takes effect on April 1st, aud mr. Mellen has accepted  the general   managership of the New  York & New England road.   The near approach  of  the annual  meeting of  the Union  Pacific-  stockholders and the rumor of a probable change  in the management, led some railroad men to  conclude that Mellen has improved the opportunity to anticipate a big revolution inthe company's affairs.    The traffic uianager>hip will be  abolished a������ a distinct office by the new faction.  The most thoughtful railroad men have come to  the conclusion that the traffic manager is a fifth  wheel.   The general freight and general passenger agents are his subordinates and have to .  refer many things to him for his approval or rejection.     The  traffic manager's  business calls  hitu away from headquarters a gieat deal, and  it has been the experience of the Union Pacific  that his action on important matters has often  been delayed two weeks.   This is a great hindrance to the work of the freight and passenger  departments, but it is unavoidable under the  present system.   The road, it is alleged, will remain  in the "control of the Boston capitalists,  but  will   lie   operated   in  the interest of  the  Northwestern. ,  The  ge,  WEST BAKKK STRKBT.  Milling STOCKS and PROPEBTEBS Negotiated.  Orders Taken for Colorado Stocks.  o  JOWETT&HAIQ,  Mining Brokers, Real Estate Agents  and Commission Brokers.  NELSON AND KEVELSTOKE.  a>  Options and working bonds on good prospects wanted.  Temporary office in McDonald's furniture store.  Plans furnished on application and estimates given tre#.  West Baker street, end of bridge. 7  ARTHUR   E.  HODGINS,  . .(A. M.Can. Soc.C. E.)1    i  CIVIL ENSENEEfi AND AE0HTCE0T,    7  * W , 'fa  -** * II  ^'^T^VtS  /["! fill  tolso.n iuiimmm;  *������#���������*���������<  .NELSON, It. ���������.  *K  o   <V<-  ���������VI���������   IVI LbUUi        :^z^������Jry^m  Barrister at Latf, Notary Public, and Oonveyai&e&j  Office;   Room 6, Tolson J31ock.  WM.  Art  \   0i  WH ITTAKER^.MSir-f^ > ^m  Barrister at Law, Solicitor, Notary Public:  All forms of conveyancing.   Lots for sale on Baker and  Vernon slreetK.    House and 1<H on Silica street.  Nelson.  .Residenceproperty in Nelson cheap.   Acre property near  Nelson, Ka^io and in lite Slocan country. Intending inves-.;'  tors in m  Toad mountain.-tinning  to currespomlunts, ���������  nining property should have a \x>py of our map of  ;Hinliunmining district.   AH information supplied  llKNItY  ANDERSON.  Notary l'ubVic  Anderson &  John L. Uktallack.  Keal Estate and Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  <rovm l.ranls obtained  for Mineral Claims.  Agents for Absentee I'laim Owners.  Collections   Made.  Correspondence  Solicited.  Otliee in Townsite-otliee.'Sutton street, Ainsworth, B.C.  OWN YOUR OWN HOME.  The undersigned have for sale the following desirable  residence 'property: 7 . ���������'      "  'One-storv cottage and stable, eorner Silica ana Ward  streets; ground f>0\ 120 feet ; price S/2000.  One-storv cottage on Victoria street ; ground 25x120 feet;  price:J?HR)0. " . . . AV     .  One-story cottage and stable, corner \ ictoria and \\ am  streets; ground ;V()x 120 feet7 price ^:>(U10.  Two-storv cottage -on Victoria, street ; ground 25x120 feet ;  price. .*2(KKI.'.   No\v rented for $25 a-month.'  Two-storv cottage on Kast Raker street; ground 30x 120  feet; price $2100.  * v,,,  ������������������ HOUSTON &, INK,  Real estitte agents. Nelson, B.C.  HiBiigarian Types of Ueanty,  The Hungarian womenrar������e ainpng the niost  beautiful in the, world.   They are not langulsB-"  , ing, diaphanous creatures, composed of Qobwel>su$  and the odor of mu������k, with a sickly pallor or, a^  hectic flush in  their cheeks.    No;  erect uiiart  straight as a candle, hearty and vigorous to the  core, they are pictures of good health and  abounding vitality. They are gifted with small  feet, full arms, plump hands with tapering  fingers, and wear long braids. The sun has  spread a reddish-golden tint or a darker tone  over the complexion. The Hungarian woman  is not a beauty of classical contour, nor does she  perhaps fiequently pieseiitariddle to the psychologist, and ethereal poets will scarcely iiud a  theme in her for hypersentimeutal reveries. She  is rather the vigorous embodiment of primeval  womanhood. As her exterior, so her cwhole  character is enchantingly fresh and positive-  She likes to eat well, is fond of a drop of \vine,  takes .naturally' to swimming, dancing; gymnas-  t ics, and has not the least objection to being admired. Grace and beauty knovv no ditference  between the high and low, and often bestow  upon a poor, barefoot ed, short-skirt ed peasant  girl (with her face framed in a handkerchief  tied under chin) the same enchanting form the  same graceful walk, the same niagically attractive 'glance as upon..-her more favored sister.  Kavacliol is  Troud of His  lleed.  Ravachoi, in a confession made to the magistrate before whom .he was tried i'n Paris on the;  4th, said "I am proud of what 1 have done.  You will not get a word of repentance out of  me. If I had not been a nested I. .would, have  continued my explosions, sparing nobody coil-'  liected with the."condemnation- of other anarchists.-' I would like to blow up the chamber of  deputies, for imposing upon the dynamiters.the  penalty of death. Let nothing stand in the way  of tbe'auarchist propaganda. 1 murdered the  two sisters Maicoii and others simply to procure  money to assist in the cause. 1 could never  stoop"to begging. No anarchist begs.- I won't  work. Labor is an injustice as long as it^en-  riches the ein|>loyer, who gives the workers just  'enough- to keep bodv and soul together. Everyone having nothing ought to rob and murder.  Were there many"men like nie the rich would  soon come to terms. I am a martyr in the  humanitarian cause/'  W  Office, Victoria,street, Kamloops, B/ C.  ,., >...;  E. ,C. -ART;HU'B^IVIi������Cfepi  7;"^ #1 Physician, 8njge^vand^l^pi^%  Telep one 45. Office:  Stanley  J. R.  V  Licentiate of the Royal College of Physicians of London;?  Member of the Itoyal CoHege of Surgeons of England.   r,  Corner Silica and Ward Streets, Nelson.   *    Telephone 40.H  v    \  ���������,7   41?)*1  .. . '    u      ''.ft1*  C. E. C.BROWN, L.D.S.  Special attention given to care and treatment of diseased  teeth. Crown and bridge work of the most approved  modes. Gold plates, as well as vulcanite, inserted. Teethu  regulated. Alt work warranted. Will visit West Kootenay at the opening of navigation and spend the greater  part of the summer. Due notice of visit will be given in  The Miner. -  * .  January 19th, 1832. t    ���������  FRANK B. HARPER,  ���������'.������������������;-^ ��������� ./.'KELSON, B;y-C.;--"7V::  Music furnished for all occasions.  '-1  j  can be obtained for small amounts, hianed on short time  and well secured. Apply to liQ0STON & INK, real  estate and mine brokers. Miner building. Nelson.  1  NOTICE.  Until further notice Steamer Galena will make regular  trips between Ainsworllv Galena, Balfour, Buchanan's,  and Nelson daily. Will run through to Kaslo Mondays,  Wednesdays and Fridays.  ANCH TO LEASE  The owners of 320 acres/including hay meadow, wish to  let tbe same,-under an improvement lease for a number of  vears. Good dwelling house and buildings. Particulars  may-be-had from Green Bros., Ainsworth, or from Cockle  Bros., Crawford's Bay.  __^  AINSWORTH LAND & IMPROVEMENT CO.  \11 purchasers of lots in Ainsworth, who have not yet  received their deeds, can get the same by applying to the  undersigned.   Any payments which are still due on contracts for lots canbe made to G. B. WRIGHTV  Ainsworth, April 7th, 1392. Managing director. 7  '/ft  f^rv> ���������   *<  fp<k>> ,'7  Jj"'s,<*< ? ������' /    '  I������-7;7\,f~'    ^  ������"���������"(,       *���������>  T^-V-  r   7  m 7   ���������,  itlj-. J.    ' ��������� 1  %;���������  <'.   a;  ���������B ? wu  ,     ���������      ><        r  KB, vT   Jft -1    y*<   0  *4sft it,- 1   "r    '  *w.j.jiiw \  Hr- <��������� '  4  HOT SPEINGS HEWS:   AINSWOETH,  B. 0.. APEIL 6, 1892.  3  Having Purphased the Stocks Carried by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co,  and Fletcher & Co.  H. GIEGERICH  is Drepared to supply Prospectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with  everything in the line of  MINING AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,  aroceries, Provisions, Hardware, Tinware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.   The stock carried will  be sold at Low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  FOR   O-HAJSTT   ZFO^v^DZEIR   GOIsILxPj^IX"^:_  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  Corner "Wright and Sutton Streets,  TELEPHONE   55.  I I I  LT  _L -JZjL-  &?  &  AS   IDYL   OF   THE   PACIFIC.  On the lonely wind-swept island of San Nicolas,  80 miles off the coast of Ventura county, where  as far hack as the ineniory of tnan runs hundreds of grisly white skeletons have dotted the������  valleys and hillsides, local archaeologists are now  busy gathering the relics of a strange, extinct  race. The island is 10 miles long and oval in  shape, being 4 miles across at the widest part.  Strange utensils of serpentine, sandstone, and  steatite are; found there among t he human bones,  aii(l#h������ island and its erst while inhabitant shave  a history so curious that it is difficult of comprehension. In 1885 the padres of Santa Bar-  banv leaning that there were but 16 of the*,  strange Indian race then living there, determined to rescue them from the island. They  went over in a sloop-and succeeded, as they  thought, in getting all on board. At the last  moment an Indian woman returned for her  child, and one of the frequent storms of the  Channel islands, springing-up, the sloop was  driven awav without her. The sloop went on  the rocks at Point Conception and all on board  were lost. Sixteen years later captain George  Nidever and two men went from the coast on a  sloop to hunt otter off San Nicolas. On looking  they .were,.like Crusoe, astonished to discover  hmnan footprints on the sand. They saw no  one, however;, and a storm compelled them to  put to sea. It was two years thereafter that the  adventurous captain, revolving in his mind the  sig-hf of the footprints in the uncanny island,  determined to go and discover and bring over  the lonely woman of whom he had vaguely  heard. Men accompanied him, and at length  they saw on the surf-beat en shore a woman with  long tawny hair dressed in a queer garb of  colored-- birdskins a net scraping with a bone  knife the blubber of a seal. They surrounded  and'''���������approached, her stealthily, and although  suddenly confronted, she did not appear in the  least afraid, but smiled, and then falling on her  knees .praved to the sun. The wild woman  made no object ion when by signs she was made  to understand that she was to go with them in  the boat.    They reached Santa Barbara across  the rough sea, and the first thing the woman  saw was dr. S. L. Shaw, now 80 years old and  yet living there, riding a horse. She had never  seen nor heard of any object like it, and thought  the man and horse were one, and she knelt on  the shore and offered her devotions to it. Two  weeks afterwards the last inhabitant of the  rock-ribbed, tempest -tossed San Nicolas (lied  from eating food to which she was unaccustomed, furnished by her rescuers, and the curtain fell on her strange race forever. Wild dogs  had eaten her child. Her dress of red and blue  feat hers, a wonderfurcreation of barbaric hands,  was sent to the pope of Rome. Relic hunters  have gathered mortars, pestles, ollas, toy steatite canoes, and other curious things there for  some years past and shipped them.to various  eastern and European universities. Skeletons  and parts of skeletons have also been collected  in large numbers, buh today the bones of thousands of Indians are scattered about, thci'e.  Some lie face down, indicating that they have  fallen in battle. There are so many human  relics there that San Nicolas is known as the  *4 Isle of Skulls." The lonely island, whose  highest part is but 1040 feet above the sea, is  noted for the high artistic class of many of its  relics. Had tbe woman leseued, then 52 years  old, not died, a story passing strange would no  doubt have been told of the race so long hemmed  in by the waste of waters about. As it is. much  of the strange story is shrouded in mystery  .'forever..;,'.    .'������������������,��������� -,,.'/. '���������������������������������������������; :   " ^y___ __  Fire at fcaii������l  Point.  A destructive fire occurred at Sand Point on  the ihorning of the 2nd between 2 and 3 o'clock.  The office of the Pend d'Oreille News, Richtei >s  saloon, Baldwin <fc Bradley's lodging-house, with  their saloon adjoining, and the Brewery saloon  were burned, and a drug store torn down to prevent t he further spread of the -flames...". The fire  started in t he Brewery saloon and spread rapidly.  Baldwin & Bradley saved part of their liquors  and a port ion of1 heirf urn it ore. Their loss will  be about $3000; insuratue $1500. The 'Brewery,  saloon is a total loss, and bad the wind been  blowing from tlie east, as usual, the entir. town  would have been burned, as water is bard to get.  <Ki:i:������I   OF   TIIK    WOKLI������'S   \KWS.  Three steamship companies will run weekly  boats this summer bet ween Montreal and Glasgow. The Allan, Donaldson, aud Columbia are  the three companies.  Mrs. Montague, wife of Robert Acheson  Cromie Montague, who was convicted in Dublin, Iieland,-for killing her daughter by severe  and inhuman treatment, has been sentenced to  one year imprisonment with hard labor.  Slavin and Mitchell have dissolved partnership. SJavin has cabled from London for his  brother to go over to trltin him for bis coming  match with Sullivan.  ������  Rainauldo Pachecho, United States minister  to Guatemala, has arrived at San Francisco on  a two-months leave-.of absence. He reports  perfect tranquility there and no truth in the reported dissensions.  Henry M. Flagler, John \Y. Mackay, Austin  Corbin aud Andrew Carnegie have become  largely interested in the Nicaragua Canal Company, and this will be likely to still further in-  ciease the confidence of the people of the Pacific  coast in the undertaking. The management is  only waiting foran improvement in theiinancial  situation to place* the bonds of the canal in the  principal markets of tbe world.  Up to March 0th lieutenant lletherington had  ".not -been, tried at Yokohama for killing George  Cower Robinson,���������������������������who had insulted bis Wife, and  ���������the;. Yokohama papers are -complaining at the  delay. There has been: considerable newspaper  discussion over the action of t be coroner's jury  in <e.hargmg lletherington with willful murder,  as it is claimed that the evidence did not show  that he killed Robinson. ;  It is stated at Washington that the Chinese  minister luis indicated to senator Sherman, who  is chairman of the foreign relations commit tee  that if the extreme Chinese Exclusion bill became a hiw in tlie form it has passed the bouse  the Chinese government would sever all diplomatic relations 'with 'the United States.  ������������������.Lord Arthur .bain Fdward -Russell .hasdied in  London. He was born in 1825, and was a brother  of the late duke of Bedford.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH  fa  M  :H  ��������� i  ��������� s  IDE^.IL.EJRS   I3ST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes,  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men s Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  _CST-  Eaving bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having  outstanding accounts are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  Telephone 58.

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