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Hot Springs News Sep 12, 1891

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 v>f ; '- ,  -vsSs-3  .*"- t"  Li  HOT  ������    - "4 -^^IrH  -*'    "Shi ���������*���������*" ��������� '  ' ill"1.  T3  .#$  $W  >5-r  %!'  -I J���������  NUMBER 1.  AINSWOBTH, BBITISH  COLUMBIA, SEFTBMBEE 12,  1881:  -A  f gSBS i@B3JTS.  ~'- ^  \  \ ;i   \  A   PKOSrEITOR   WHO   PLAYED  IK   IIAKIft   LICK.  -r-  i  \  V       r  \  V  'V vJ  '* l   c?  .    \  K.  \ In the ftmntiier of 1881 a prospector and all-  round rustler named ,E. IX Bro\vn was killing  Utile* in the Wood Riv������������r country in ld������Jho. He  worned for awhile at the smelter near HaileV;  thei) burned a kiln of lime on Deer creek, and  afterwards a pit of charcoal on the East Fork.  Buf all the while he was dreaming of rich strikes  and political preferment. He got the latter  long before fickle fortune smiled and pointed  a dexter finger toward the north pole, indicating  the direction in which he must travel if he  would find the Former. The political preferment came in l������Sl in a small mining camp on  the upper Salmon in Idaho. Brown was elected  a justice of the peace, and before many weeks  had ejapsed nwas called on to investigate a ease  of inurdci^Before he got through With thai  murder investigation, he had in turn acted in  the capacilynf justice of the peace, constable,  coroner, sheriff^istrict attorney,sup. erne judge,  and governor. SWfeited with official honors, he  resigned office and Xf-ifted over .into th<* ('ujnr  d'Alene country. l\>re he prospected and  mined and talked polities; did* everything, m  fact, except accumulate w;eaith,    Hearingof the  vast extent and wonderful richness of the uu.-  prospected mining districts in British Columbia,  . he concluded to try his hick to the north oi the  inter national  boundary  line, .arriving   in   Hot  Springs district in the*t*M������$������er of-18S&. iHclost.  ho time in getting the lay of t he camp --within  a weekshaving taken the altitude of every prom-  inent point and object in it. On one of his  altitude-taking trips he stumbled against a  'boulder and made a diseovrry -discowred the  richest float that had up Jo that t hue been found  in the district. He located the ground~and  called it the "Silver Plume." Fortune was now  within his grasp, but the fatc^ were against  him. One \lay in taking an altitude over  on Coffee creek, Hi own fell and broke a leg.^  Before he was again able to get around, the (*>  months in which t he assessment workjecjiiired  by law most be done had^^^  Plume" had reverted to t he'; c.i'ow.n^ A short  time aft "er wards others located the sa me ground,  calling it t he Neosho, Since t hen | he annual  assessuHmts have .[Vrov'ed that -,,t he claim was a  good one, but the price"aslced--tov^t-sm-r-ett'otf  intending purcliasers. Alidut^i nionthago \\'il-  liatirN. Wallace -secured a bond on it for Seat! le  parties, and t his week t he bond' was taken up  on the advico of nnmng expert .l.AYV Young of  Seat! le. It is understood that the real '-pure fra ser  is dr. F. II, Cue. a well-known Seattle capitalist;  Work will he .commenced- on the properly at  once, hut machinery will probably not be placed  on it this fall. The' price paid was #10,000 inexchange  on   New   York, no eomnussiphs or  per-  Cent ages bein^ allowed. The-owners were Totn  McLeod; Andy .lard"me, K. Mcleod,' 1.1. Anderson,  and'm'r'sn... .C.'B. Wright, all V������f A'insWorth.  '"William Jensen of Victoria, and Hill Chambers  of Bonner's Kerry, Idaho, t he I wo .-former getting  about t wot birds of t he annum; paid.  N K. 1). Hi-own, the original discoverer of the  Neosho, has ipi.it/prospecting and now 'holds  down a soft-'.job in the lire depart'men! at Spokane-Falls.' But it will he just his luck, when  the chiefship of the ' departme'n-t is -within.-his  grasp, thai   he will  meet   with an accident   that  'will lay him out, and some luckier man will get  away With the honors while he is. under the  doctor's care.  Exrosnivt'ly   !Ho������l<***t joi<1  Scn.sitivo.  Max O'Hell .con'nnents in one of his books on  the excessive modesty of the New Kuglaud women. He tells of ma.idtMi ladies in that section  who exhibit signs of fainting upon reference  being made to "the naked eye," and cites the  case of a widow who sued an editor for heading  an accoupt of her husband's death-���������"Gone to a  better home." It would appear that we have  some pretty sensitive ladiek, in Canada as well.  For example, at Peterborough* the other day^ a  young woman, 22 years old, had James Burns  up for, using insulting language, said language  consisting of a proposal of marriage, and Asking  her to keep better company. The magistrate  very properly warned the young man not to do  it any more.   WI\a:itAL CLAIMS KIWOKItEI* AM> TRANSFEKKEN  AT A INS WORTH,  HOT SPRINGS DISTRICT.  'A  Thursday, September 3rd.-������-The Clift^)������ situate about 10  miles west of Kootenay lake and about 2 miles north of the  north branch of Kosjp creek, about liniiles southeast of  the  Bciiver;   I*.   Alclj  Cameron  and   Thomas   Shearer  locators, The Oood Luck, situate about 12 miles west of  Kootenay lake on the headwaters of Schroder creek and  about a a mile KoutheasL of the White Heather; U. MeL.  (-ameron aad Tt.wmas .Shearer locators. The Meadow, situate about &a mile east of Kootenay lake on the south side  of Mile Point creek and about 1 mile south of Galena bay;  treorge Hamian. locator! The Kootenay, situate about 5  miles vwst of Kootenay lake and about 1 mile south of the  north branch of Schroder creek, running parallel with and  adjoining tlie cast side line of the Northern JBeli; Frank  W. Flint locator. \  Friday, September 4th.���������The Argentine (No. 2), situate  about. :u miles west of Kootenay lake running narallel witli  and adjoining the east side line of the Kootenay .King;  John L. Hctallack locator. The Silver Cord, situate in the  basin 1 mile north of I'ike's Peak on Kaslo creek; Frank  LinKcy, M. C. Monagban and G. H. Kecfer, locators. The  Monte Carlo, situate in the basin directly north of Pike's  Peak and running parallel 'with the Silver Cord; H. Q. Tat-  low, 11. T. Ceperley, J. \V\ ]SLcFarland, M. C. Monaghan,  and (.1. 11. Keefer locators.  Monday, September 8th.--The Vicjtoria, situatecabout 10  miles west of Kootenav lake and about 2^ miles north of  the v ' "    " s"--'-    '- " : ���������"^ "*1~  the  ���������IIA\<;i:   THE   BO������XI>AKIES   OF   THE o DISTRICT.,  wt>t of Kootenay lake and about 2������ miles north of tlie  north branch of Kaslo creek and being an easterly extension of the Lily Dancy; Robert McPhee, Robert McDonald,  ('haiios IMarey, and .1. AleNaughten locators. The Seottish  Chief, situate.' about 11 miles west of Kootenay lake and  about \\ miles north of the north branch of Kaslo creek;  John M. McPheo. Robert McDonald. Charles Clancy, and  James McXaughten locators. The Vancouver, situate  about 10 miles west of Kootenay lake and about 2j miles  north of the north branch of Kaslo creek running parallel  with and adjoining the south side line of the Republic; II.  A. Camcron'nnd Alfred Cameron locator!  Wednesday. September Jilh.--'I he Cash Entry, situate on  Conve creek about. 'A miles west of Kootenay lake and being  a southerly extension of the Norman; C. T. Porter locator.  ������������������''       BILLS  OK SALE.    ������������������ i  Thursday, September 3rd.��������� Ed Becker to T. T. McLeod,  ������������������t-harles' Rossiter, and John Landon, an undivided ! interest in the'Mexico,-situate "'on. Galena creek,.about 1 mile  west of the souj'h branch oft Kaslo creek: consideration ������1.  John���������: Landoiii/r. T. IMcLeod, and Charles Rossiter to Kd  Rocker, an undivided i interest, in the Montezuma, situate  on (Galena enieli about I mile west of the south branch of  Kaslo creek; eonsideration 'SI. ������������������''������������������"  ������������������'FtMdav,\^e]>Uniibl^'4th.-Thdn]i'a^ShearertoJpsiah-Floteher  and -Adam 'McKay/and undivided -������'interest in the Koote-  niiv King, situate aft^ut .SV miles west of Kootenay lake  and beings a southerly; extension of the. Snowbank; eon-  siderat inn SHKt        ;     >;  Saturdav. Septen'd)'er \)th.--T. T. McLeod, Andrew Jar-  (line/lL Anderson, \Villi\un Chambers, mrs. G. H. Wright,  William.Jensen, and R. MeLeod to William X. Wallace, a  full interest .in the Neosho; situate on Co'tt'ee creek, about  ,*> miles west of Kootenay lake;'^consideration $10,000 bond  Willi conditions. . \  . Mondav. Sept.einber 7th. - -Roderick McLeod and Andy  Jardine io Joscpli AV. Young, a I'uliinterest in the Ontario,.  situate on Cotlce creek and adjoining the Neosho; consideration Sluoo bond with conditions. ���������  Tuesday. September Sth.--T. T. McLeod and James Van  Hook toT. 1L Cocafull interest in the Amazon, situate  adjoining the 'Neosho; consideration ������1"00 bond with conditions.  Vol  Such  as  to .Cause a 'Stampede.  Reports from' the Priest Lake country are not  such as \o cause a stampede to that section oi  Idaho.    The district is best  reached from Sand  Point.    From there tlie route is down the Pend  (FOreille river to Kaiser's ranch, 2 miles above  Priest river: theneoover the mountains 40 miles  bv a park trail to the Foot of the lake; thence 00  iniles to tlie bead of the lake by row-boat. The  ledges are not wide, and carry galena that runs  as high as.$80 in silver. There are about 25 men  in tlie camp, a number of whom intend to remain during the winter to work their claims.  The prospectors in th������e Kaslo Creek country do .  not know whether they are in, Hot Springsdis-  trict or not, and feaivthat they may hereafter  be required to record their claims at Nelson.  The western boundary of Hot Springs district is  the 117th tneridan,  which is not more than fr  miles  west  of Kootenay lake.    It  is doubtful  whether more   than half  the   locations   made  on Kaslo creek and its tributaries are not oyer  that distance west of   the lake.   The district  should be defined so that the average prospector  could easily determine the district in which he is  prospecting.   If instead of Hot Springs district  being defined as including all the country  east of the 117th meridian, Jt Was defined as  including all.the country on the rivers and  creeks that empty into Kootenay lake above the  mouth of Kootenay river, there could, be.no  doubt as to the boundaries of the district. Toad  Mountain district would then embrace all the  country on the rivers and creeks that empty  into the outlet of Kootenay lajke and Kooteuay  river, as well as the country drained by Salmon  river and its tributaries, The matter is one  that shotdd be looked into by the authorities at  Victoria. ,     ���������   The Skyline Crosscut in Ore.  "For a month past, every claim, owner in Hot  Springs district/bas been anxiously awaiting UieJ  news that the crosscut from the bottom of the  Skyline shaft had peached the vein./ When tlie.  crosscut was started, it   was thought the vein  would be reached within 50 feet; but that dis7  tance was run without encountering more than  small   stringers   of   galena.    The rock   turned,  extremely hard,  and*" progress  was slow.    This  week the face of the  crosscut   is in vein  matte?'   that   assays  $60   to   $80 in   silver   and   is  similar to that found on the hanging wall in the  the old incline shaft.    Superintendent McDonald is confident tthat he has the ledge, and his  confidence, in a great measure, is catching.   The,  crosscut taps the ledge (on the incline) fully 2C$)  fpe| from the surface.    It Is reported that t he  owners of tW Skyline will how begin work on  the Krao, on which,they have hiachinery. They  are also^loihg considerable worteon the Libby, ,  a pro^nislng claim on Dedar creek.  is  Continues to *Iak<? Ore Sliipiiients.  The only mine in the Kootenay lake country  that is ���������sh1pp,ing[^pre^>ityprese.nt is the Number  One, in Hot Springs district. So far about 150  tons have been shipped, the last shipment of 35  tons being sent  out this week by the steamer  Nelson. The ore go<*s to the smelter at East  Helena, Montana, via Little Dalles and  Spokane. Dr. Campbell, the superintendent  and general "manager, of the company that, owns  the mill, states that the ore oflate is averaging  a higher grade and that the vein is becoming  more perpendicular in its dip. He claims that  his company is having some trouble in getting  the ore transported expeditiously, but that ship  in en ts will be continued  the Columbia.  as long as boats run on  Larjic :Le������lg;es an������l lligli-Ursule Ores.  The latest discoveries in the Kaslo Creek district [ire reported to have been made on Galena  creek, which empties into the south fork of  Kaslo creek from the north at a point about 2  miles above the junction of the north and south  forks. The ledges are large and carry ore of a  different character--and'of' higher grade than  that from the claims first discovered. The ore-  gives returns of over $100 in silver to the ton.  Tom McLeod, John Sandon, Ed Becker, and  Charles Rossiter are interested in the new discovery.  \  r *  4,'*J  1  ��������� 8W?i HOT SPBIMS NEWS:  AINSWOBTH, B. 0., SEPTEMBER 12. 1891.  .      '     *��������� Ti ,  I '      i  ft  c-P  77/,������ //or springs news is published on sa r-  urdays, and will he mailed to subscribers at tlte foll&wing  rates, payable in advance'. One yedr^Jff, six months $2.50,  three months $1.50. Advertising rates given on application.  No communication or letter over an anonymous signature  will ������������ printed.. HOUSTON & INK, Proprietors.  SM Springs gittos.  OPPOSES   THE   FREE  ADMISSION  OF OUR  ., '   - LEAD  ORES. ;  S. S. Oliddeu, who is a Spokane banker as well  as   manager  of the Tiger  mine  in  the Cda^  d'Alene country, while on a recent visit to Wallace, Idaho, was interviewed regarding the effect  upon the Oceur d'Alene country of the free importation of lead .from British Columbia.    In  ^giving his views he stated "that the effect would  /# ������< be most damaging. , Not maiiy of the Co3,ur  '    "d'Alene mines could stand a reduction of \\  " cents a pound on lead, ��������� which  would surely  0  " follow if the tariff is removed.   Free lead from  " British Columbia means free lead from Mexico.  44 Considerable   Spokane   money has   been in-  " vested in British Columbia mines.  Many iuter-  " ests are held by Spokane people which do not  " represent a large investment of capital and  " which are valuable just in proportion0to the  '* ability of. the owners to market the ore.  Most  " of these run very high0in lead but very low in  /'silver.     British  Columbia is  a greater lead  " country than the Cceur d'Alenes, and the in-  " troduction of ores from that country free of  /'duty vvpuld be very damaging to us."   Mr.  Glidden may voice the views of the lead miners  lof the Ooeur d'Alene country, and then again he  may  not.     The   conditions   prevailing   in. Old  Mexico and, the conditions prevailing in British  Columbia are not similar, and the reasons for  excluding the lead ores from the one country  will  not hold good for excluding the lead ores  from the other.    The main reason urged by the.  lead miners of the United States for excluding  the lead ores of Old Mexico was, because of the  cheapness of native labor, that they were produced cheaper than like ores in the United States,  therefore they could be sold for less money to the  smelters.    No such reason can be urged against  the admission  of lead  ores  from British Columbia.    Miners and laborers are paid as high  wages in British Columbia as they are paid in  Idaho, and the prices of all kinds of mining supplies  are fully higher in this province than in  the mining states to the south.    By entering  into reciprocal arrangements With Canada for a  free  exchange (>f ores and their products, the  United  States  woiild  hot  necessarily be-com-,  pelled to enter into like reciprocal arrangements  with  Old Mexico.     Such an  arrangement   between the United States and Canada would be  mutually beneficial.    The United States would   ;  get a class of ores badly needed by its smelters-  ores mined principally by American miners in   \  mines owned principally by American capital,   j  she would also get a free market for her mining   !  machinery.    Canada would be benefitted by the   j  increased population sure to result 'from the development of an industry now dormant.  A   PLAIN STATEMENT.  That the people of Ain'sworth and Hot Springs  district have long wanted a local newspaper is  well known; not that they were particularly  dissatisfied with The Miner, but because of a  very natural feeling that The Miner, being  published in Nelson, gave that place undue  prominence in its columns. That thev are able  to support a local newspaper is an open question, for at  present the field is a limited one;  but to better give the district and the town  the prominence their residents believe them  entitled to, the proprietors of The Miner this  week begin the publication of the Hot Springs  News. For the present it will be printed at  Nelson, but in every other respect it will be a  representative local paper. The News will not  be the organ of any individual, or of any faction  or clique. Jt will endeavor to give all the local  news fairjy and impartially. Its editorial opinions, while they may not always be right, will  certainly be free from the suspicion that they  arejnspired by the self-seeking element found  Hifafivcommunities. Having received no bonus  or pledge of financial support, The News can  and will be independent.  UNRELIABLE   AND    EXAGGERATED    MINING   NEWS.  A paper printed in the Okanogon country laments the fact that the mining columns of  the Spokane dailies either contain too little hews  regarding the mines of the state or too much  that is exaggerated and unreliable. The Spo-  kane Review, while admitting the force of the  lament, claims that it is not possible for the  average daily to give either full or correct news  of tributary mining^ camps. The Review has  been impartial in printing mining news from  the camps tributary to that city, giving as  much space to the camps on the north side of  the boundary line as to those nearer home:  and while the news reprinted from papers  published in the mining towns is generally  pretty correct, much of that obtained by interviewing mine owners and mining inch at  hotels is, to say the least, both unreliable and  exaggerated. This is due, in the 'main, to the  average mining reporter having no practical  knowledge of the mining business, for often he  does not know the difference between a tunnel  and a shaft, to say nothing of being entirely  ignorant of the "lay of the land" and geographical location of the camps about which he writes.  But all the blame should not attach to the reporter-. Mine owners and mining men are themselves greatly to blame for the "rot" that is  often printed. They seldom know the condition of their own properties, and when  giving general information of a district or camp  are as likely to be wrong as right... Daily papers  that devote special space to mining news' should  place the ..department-in the.hands of a reporter*  who nas put in regular ''shifts" in a mine, and  who has some knowledge of the location of the  mining camps, the.news from which he is supposed to chronicle.  THE  EXPENDITURE  OF PUBLIC MONEYS,  As in other-portions of West  Kootenay, the  people' of. Hot -Springs-district  are  divided   in  opinion as to where and under whose direction  public moneys should be expended.    The opponents of-uir. Kellie claim that in securing "the appropriations his   work   ended;   that   he   should  leave, their expenditure entirely to the government officials.    On the other hand, mr. Kellie's  friends claim that  he was in  no way officious in  making suggestions to the government's-representatives, and had the latter been .more alive to  their duties and in touch with the people, there  would-'have'been "no clash.    The  News  is  of  opinion, that had the government appointed a  capable 'than for the position of gold commis-  sioner and government agent, the money appro-   \  priated  for   West  Kootenay  would   have   been  judiciously expended, and that too without  the   \  stirring up of bad blood  between  the  factions  into which all camps are divided.    A fact that  cannot be disputed is, that the present gold com-  missioner is not in touch with the prospectors  and miners of the district, a class on which the  development and prosperity of the country in a  great measure depends.  A   JUSTIFIABLE   COMPLAINT.  The residents of Ainsworth complain that the  owners of the townsite, having acquired the  only water right available for supplying the  town with water for household and fireimr-  poses,vVwill neither utilize it nor allow the people  to utilize it, so it is claimed. This is manifestly  unfair. Owing to the topography of the town-  site, the buildings are pretty closely huddled,  and should a firebreak out, it would be almost  impossible to save the town from destruction.  The townsite owners should be a little more  public spirited; it would benefit them in the em\.  A DUTY.  Every prospector, miner, and mine owner  iii Hot Springs and Goat River districts,  whether he be a Canadian or an American,  should make it a duty to aid in securing  either an increased tariff on lead and lead products imported into Canada or a reciprocal  arrangement whereby the lead ores of the district would be admitted into the United States  free. The early development of these camps need  not he hoped-for as long as the present tariffs  are imposed. The interests .at stake are worthy  of every effort that can beinade.  BREMNER & WATSON;  AlVMVOItTII, B. t'. ,  PACK AND SADDLE HORSES  FOR  HIRE.  Contracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc.  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Agents    Tor   l>uvies-Suy >vur������l     Sawmill    Company*  Lumber.   Molding*.   an<l   Shingles.  The Kootenay-Smelting and Trading  Syndicate, Limited, of Eevelstoke, B. C.  are prepared to sample and purchase >^.  all kinds of  ���������     - . ���������������������������   '      ' . ��������� ' '.,.'.      ���������.. .     .   '' ��������� ��������� o  Gold, Silver, and Lead  Prices and all information furnishedon application.  .1. CAMPPKLL, manager.  A. E. BRYAN,  il.,ii<>   Ass;i\cr fi.r the  Ah'ii<"!nl.i  ���������.'������������������nip.'tnv.  Hutt>\   M<nt.m.i 1  ASSAYER AND CHEMIST,  IINSWOIMH,   K. (.  Assay Charges.- Cold, silver, or lead, $1.."������<! each. Cold  *md silver or lead and silver. #L\ Copper, S2.a0. Silver and  copper, $:t. Cold, silver, and lead. $li. Cold, silver, and  copper, i?.'!.^).  J. A. MELyiLLE,  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER,  AI.N'SWOKTIf.   It. <.  Plans, speriiications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings.  Ho! for the Lardeaux!  Tlie steam launch  MIPCL  will leave Ainsworth every  \\ edne.sday morning for the Lardeaux during the summer  T- .1.  PAY IKS. captain.  Amsvvorth, ]$. (',., July 13th, 1S!������1. HOT SPRINGS SEWS:   AIHSWOITH, B. 0., SEPTEMBER 12, 1891,  TOWN  OF AINSWORTH  I  A  w  A  This rapidly growing town, being the center of the well-known HOT SPRINGS  MINING DISTRICT, presents an unrivaled field for business and speculative  investment. The townsite proprietors are now prepared to sell on reasonable  terms a limited number of business and residence lots.   For particulars apply to  wmJLmm.mm������mmm   11 "111 m 1  1  J  A^USTIDIE  .A-G-EISTT.  STJTTJO^T   STIRIEIET,  looking   akoino  for  <mai;s:   i3i:u>s.  Sotnchf the boys in the lake count rv who are  becoming discouraged.at the slowness of the development of the mineral  Resources of tie* (lis-  Iriet arc looking around for other fields in which  to operate.    A few of theni are thinking of try-  big Old Mexico, believing it to he (a country in  .which intelligent energy will meet with reward.   lN  Tlie following facts in regard to "the future sea-,4  'port  of Mexico" is  by   Frank  G. Carpenter, a  well-known   newspaper correspondent    who  is   \  now traveling in that country:  "1 write thisletterat Tnuipicn, which is hound  to  he  the great   seaport   of the Mexico  of  the  future.    This place has one of t he tinest harhors   '  in the world, and >\ere it   not0for the h;tr in the  front   of it   you  could anchor all  the navies of   ,  Kurope in the mouth of the Panueo river.    This  bar is  to   bo  removed hy  means of jetties, and  colonel Corthell, the man who was the first lieutenant of .lames H. Ka<N  in  making the-jetties  of the Mississippi, is in charge of this work.    It  is a greater work than  was the making of the  Mississippi jetties, and  it   is  tncoM millions of  dollars.    The jetties begm at   the mouth of the  1 \-mueo river and run for 7200 feet right out into  the sea.    They arc l'MM),feet wide at the top and  are walls of Moneand   wicker' niat^, which will  become, by t he drift ing in of t he >and, solid and  permanent.    When  they   have become consoli-  dated  t hev will  be enclosed in a m.-i������ of  heavv  eoncrete, and  they  will  be as strong as science  can make them.    The 1'anuco river is one i^\' the  biggest   river>   m   .Mexico:  it   i->  about   12011  |'e('l  wide and has for miles from   this point  an average depth of !>!{  feet.     Its   \\ateis  flow   into the  \ sea at tlie rate of 200,000 cubic feet a second, and  they  go  at such a rate  that   when confined   to  such a narrow'* channel  they will carry t lie sand  bar far out .'.into the sea; and vessels of the large-t  ������������������������������������.tonnage Will   have  a 'safe, ������������������land-locked, harbor  here at Tampico.    The- harbor ,-it   Vera Cruz is  not a good one.   'The city is very unhealthy and  it is out of the way U> get to it.    Tampico taps  the center of the country.    It Has a new railroad  now bring built from Monierey through t he rich  -tateof Tamuhpa-to it, and a'not her .road  will  hr project ed  <o'uth   through   oic  <������f   the  richest  ���������ji.'iris nf Mexico  to  Mexieiv ('ity.     \\"ithin a few  limn * li> 1 he  ,\1 exiean ('nit ral  ha \ e opened  their  line finm San   Iviis  Potosi to it, and thw harbor  will make San Luis 1'otosi t he commercial cent er  .of Mexico.     It   will.open   u|)the agricultural in-  ���������-t-erior o'f the 1 *anuco river, -which is said to com-   !  prise  the  iineM   lands of the count ry. and will  mat erially change all parts of Mexico.  "The most pict urestpie ride in Mexico is on the .  Tampico railroad, running from Nan Luis Potosi    ;  to  Tampico.     Its scenery   is   far   grander   t Ivan  that  found on the Mexican  National  from Vera  Cruz.to the capital, and   I doubt   whether there  are   as   fine  views anvwhere on   the American  continent.     1 had the ad vantage of being one of  the first  tourists  to go over.the road.    You will  ��������� find   nothing   about   the   country   in   the guide  hooks.   .The history 'of Mexico tells you nothing   ;  ancerning it. and the books descriptive of the   !  mntry  know   it   not.     It   has been  unexplored  A  riDTS'W^OIR/X'IH:, IB. o_  c  save by the railroad, and the ride was like blazing one's way through the wilderness at the rate  of 20 miles an hour in a first-class car. 1 went to  bed at night in the Pullman sleeper at San Luis  Potosi and awoke at the little station of (Julrdi-  nas, where we ate a good breakfast, with about  50 Indian men and women gazing in at the  windows during the meal. There were pretty  girls in all stage*of dress and undress and of all  varieties of color ft-Oih a Jetsey cream to a rich  mahogany brown. There were girls with short  skirts of i-ed flannel showing out below: loose  white corsetless chemises, and there were  women whose long black hair streamed down  their hacks, and others who had their locksjput  up in Greek knots. There were brigands, with  big hats and fierce black eyes, and there were  frowsy-headed boys and girls who hung about  the station and hid behind their fathers-whenever we looked at them.  **Lea\ inii gardens the road climbs up into the  mountains. It takes you into rocky regions interspersed with patches of cult ivation. It winds  about like a snake, crawls up great hills, and  goes at the rate4 of 50 miles an hour down steep  grades. The scenery is peculiarly Mexican.  Here you pass a field of volcanic rocks. Adjoining it is another of soil as black as your hat, in  which 2 peons in dirty white air scratching the  ground with a wooden plow, and next to this is  a road over which a tcjini of oxen with the yoke  tied to their horns are pulling a wooden-wheeled  Mexican cart. Next then1 is a stretch of cactus,  and all  around  you are the rocky hills hare of  ���������       ������ ���������  earth, which make you think of the barren  mountains of t he land oi' Judea. As you go on-  ward the soil grows richer and you soon whirl  around a horseshoe bend and enter one of  the most wonderful gorges of the world.  This is the Taiuosono canyon. I rode through  it on top of a box-car, and it is a. most Wonderful  ride. iStar.t ing in an ainphitheat er of the .richest'  green you shootout over a waterfall into a great  gorge, and ride for 80 miles -along the edge of  precipices; beside- rushing rivers, and through  ���������the wihlest o^ forests, with flu* mountains above  and,,t he earth 'thousands, of feet: below you, unt il  in an hour you find yourself out of the temper-,  ate /.one and down into the tropics, with your  eyes dancing and your head buzzing..in trying  < o comprehend t he kaleidoscopic -.panorama  which you have passed through. In some places  the rocks were 'hare ami great (dill's overhang  the road, roofed by-the sky-, llei-e you go.into,  tunnels and the.smoke along tlie top of the car  makes you think that .you are at the entrance  o\' Dante's Inferno. And so you pass on until  you find yourself in forests of orchids and your  ears are saluted by the rough voice's of the.birds  of the tropics. \uii are now in fhe.lowla-nds,of  the coast and the air has grown hot. This branch  of the railroad cost $10,(HH),(HK) to build, and the  line from Tampico to San huis Potosi is perhaps  the most expensive railroad in Mexico/'  The  Fi<rur������������  Nine   and   Mining Kxoil������'m������*nts.  The figure 0 is curiously and intimately connected with all the. great mining excitements of  the nineteenth century. Tlie great Algerian  goid bubble formed and broke in ISO!). Next  came   the 'Manfazan   "Mountain   craze   in   ISoO,  when solid boulders of gold as large as flour  barrels were reported. The California gold  fever broke out in 1S49 and raged until counteracted bv the Fraser Ri Ver excitement and-Pike s  Peak boom in 1859. Ten years later, in 1869, the  White Pine, Nevada,' excitement was at its  height. Eighteen hundred and seventy-mne  came in on lime with the Leadvdle ^������^^f  the famous "carbonates" of Lake county, Colorado Eighteen hundred and eighty-nine broke  he charm, unless the "rush" to the Kootenay.  Lake country could be called an excitement;  but 18D9 may niake up for lost time, there benig  2 nines in that date.  Tlie Annual Kt*p������rt of a Ricli l?i������������l-  ,    ' ^ v  Reports of rich strikes of placer^^ gold o������ the  headwaters of the far-northern rivers of British  Columbia are of aimuaLrecurrence.   One, year  the strike is made on the Skeena, the next on the  Stiekeen, the next on the Parsuip(or Pease), the  next on the Liard, etc., etc.    This year it is on  the Skeena, and an inland  river sailor named  Turner brings (he news to New Westminister,  that headquarters for miners and vast mining  enterprises. TuVner,was the mate ot the steamer  Caledonia, which plies between Port Simpson  and Hazleton, on the upper Skeena river. Ut<  \uo-ust 8th be started up the Skeena m a canoe  manned hy Indians to reach a certain creek  where natives said gold was to be had in amaz-  mg quantities. On August 12th, while poling  up the stream, the canoe sheered and one ot the  Indians fell into the river and was instanUv  swept out of sight. The fatality was looked  unon by the other Indians as a bad omen and  Xy -fused to go further. Turner oi^ed  double wages and other inducements but, tiit>  could not be coaxed, and he was ohhged to  Xndon the trip.   While up the Skeena, Turner  i * rd    f a^vonderful strike" made hy two young-  en from Victoria.    These men struck it  very  ��������� . ch .on   the  headwaters of the Skeena, one ot  them o-etfing $30,(KK). in  dust and  nuggets and  e other $S,(X)0.    When the  Indians; brought  down the news the lucky miners were preparing  Vet urn   to  the coast  and  expected tp  reach  Vicdoria some, .time this month.    The-young  nien   are   prohably   that old-time   prospecto  ( e  rge   Kenny  and   his  part ner, and    he . new  lind,  like tliat of  last  year, is in- the Ommeca  disti'ict.  IKXKY   ANUEKSON.  Notary  riiMu.  John- h. liETAiXACK.  Anderson & Retallack,  Eeal Estate and Mining Brokers, _  Conveyancers, Etc.  Crown Crnnls  oblaincd r������r. Mineral i'laim.-s.  Agents for  Absentee  Claim  Owners.  Col I eel ions Made.  Correspondence Solicited.  O.fhVe' in Townsite oflice. Sutton street. Ainsworth, B. C.  m:-  ���������'���������:������������������.';. .���������.  il  I  iHH \  4  EOT SPRINGS NEWS:   AINSWORTH, B. G., SEPTEMBER 12. 1891.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  BROS.  Wright Street,,  AINSWORTH.  IXEJiuI-iIEmS   I3ST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes,  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  /  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSOK & CO., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to calj) and settle them, as soon as possible.  7/  THE  vv  OLDEST/ TOWS   OX   THE   1AKS-).  ~*se  YVhile the first quartz locations in the Kooife^  hay Lake country were-made "on Galena bay,  , now known as Hendryx's camp, Ainsworth is  the oldest town in the southern portion of Kootenay district. The site embraces 166 acres, and  was purchased in 1883 by George J. Ainsworth,  now a resident of southern California. Although  not 'platted into lots   until 1888,   it Jias   been  a town since A. D. Wheeler landed there, in  1884. ��������� The site takes in several warm springs  and is on a sloping bench on the west shore of  the lake, about-8 miles north of the outlet. The  first general store was started by G. B. Wright  in the fall of 1888, and the town made consider-  able progress the following year. It had quite a  boom this spring, and npw boasts of a number  of good husinesslio uses and handsome residences.  The town is so situated that it commands the  trade of Hot Springs district and a share of the  trade of all the camps on the lake. The following lines of business are represented:  General- Merchandise ��������� Green Brothers, H.  Giegerich.  Drue1 Store���������Henry & Adams.  Notions and Fancy Goods���������Mrs. Adams.  Assaver���������A. E. Brvan.  Architect-and Builder���������J. A. Melville.  Real Estate Agents���������Anderson & Retallack.  .   Meat Market���������Wilson & Perdue.  Livery and Teaming���������Bremner & Watson.  Lumber Yards���������Da vis-Say ward Company, G.  O. Buchanan.  Hotels, Saloons, and Restaurants���������A. A. Me-  Kinuon's Vancouver house, Olson 8c Trenery's  Ainsworth hotel, R. McLeod's hotel, John McNeil's Columbia house, McKay & Devlin's Club  saloon, and mrs. Schroeder's restaurant.  Boat Builder���������J. A. Richardson.  S^  1' o  the district, A. D. Wheeler, has.a cozy cottage  residence in nicely laid-out "grounds. R. F.  Green also has a pretty residence, ft is hard to  %ven approximate the population o"f the town,  as it is difficult to separate the sojourning prospector from the resident miner and mine owner;  but the district of which it is the trading center  has fully 500 peopft1 within its boundaries, lis  residents are law-abiding, requiring only a single  justice of the peace���������A. M. \Vilson ��������� to even up  the scales.  At present Ainsworth has daily com maturation with Nelson bv the steamer Galena, the  steamer leaving the wharf every week day at  6 A. M.; returning about OP. M. The steamer  Nelson arrives from Nelson on Tuesdays and  Fridays at 10 A: M.; returning in time to make  connection with the 2 P. M. train on the Columbia & Kootenav raihvav. The steamer Nelson  also arrives, on Wendesdays and Saturdays at  9 A. M., on the way to. Bonner's Ferry; returning on Thursdays and Sundays at t P. M. on the  way to Nelson/  HENRY  & ADAMS,  PIONEER DRUG- STORE  AI*SWOKTll,  i;. c.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints tuul Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Taekiev  Stationery, etc.  It is also the British Columbia headquarters,  for a numbei of foreign mining companies, oi  which the McCune, the Revelstoke, the Empire  Consolidated, and the Columbia are the b/st.  known. The mining records of the district are  in charge of T. J. Lendrutn, mining, recorder."  and constable, ah efficient and .-courteous official.  R. F. Green is the postmaster.    The pioneer Vf  /  VANCOUVER HOUSE,  .tl.N'SWOKTII,   It. 1'.  Having leased the Vancouver from A. A. McKinnon, the  undersigned will conduct it as a first-class hotel, in  all its departments.    The dining-room  will  be run so that its reputation will be  Second to None  in the  Kootenay Lake   Country.  The bar will always be supplied with choice brands  , of wines, liquors, and cigars.  ������������������''iEr'XO  CHINESE laiPLOVKD. ivj;  JOHN  SHANNON. T. D.  MORRISON.  5  I'i:itS<������\AIv   AS l������    LOCAL,  II. Giegerich returned on Tuesday from Anaconda, Montana, bringing his family with him. \\v will occupv G. H.  Wright's residence until next your, mr'. Wright and bin  family intending to move to Tacoma.  John Shannon has sold his interest in the boarding-house  near the Tenderfoot to Murdoch Morrison, and is now in  partnei>hip with T. F). Morrison as proprietors of the Vancouver house, havjng leased that hotel from'A. A. McKinnon. ' - Z,f  \\\ .Jevons, who is associated with Richard Ash worth in  several milting properties in the district, returned to Ainsworth this week from a trip to the outside world.  Complaint is made by Ainsworth merchants that their  goods are not delivered at Nelson to the steamboats they  desire to carry the goods. The railway company turns the  goods over to tin; steamer XeUnn, when the captain of the  (*alena is alone authorized to receive, them.  Work will be. resumed on 1{. McLeod's new hotel, which,  when completed, will be the finest hotel <>n the lake.  Thomas Marks, representing Port Arthur, Ontnrio^cnph  talists, has examined a number of properties in Hot springs  district, with a view of making purehahcs. It is reported  that he is afte,r a group of claims in the neighborhood of  the Number One, also chums in which .1. V, ltykgrt.hus interests. ��������� , , -    ..    >_;  Pilot Hay, one of AinftW'orthVt manufacturing suburbs,  nowt>oasts2 residents of the gentler sex���������mrs. ^ucksmith  and miss Kane.  ,  The steamer Midge and it* captain have been missed  from the lake for a couple of weeks. Thev are supposed to  be dow6n on the river, in the neighborhood of the captain's  ranch.    ' -^  (J. H. Wright has gone to the coast on business connected  with the, Nelson M Fort Sheppard railway.  Ainsworth, although peopled by a (lod-fearing people,  has no church.  William Alpersonand mr. Bailey, Spokane mining men,  are in ihedi>lriet lookinir at the Dellie. a claim which was  recently surveyed for a crown grant.  Two of the townsite syndicate mr. Eberts, a Victoria  lawyer, and mr. Ha w ks, a Soda creek rancher took a look  at their holdings last week, and departed satisfied that  "there's millions its it" - if properly handled.  During the week H. (Jiegcrieh received *2carloads of merchandise and half a carload of giant powder.  The telephone line now connects Ainsworth with Hal four  and Buchanan's saw-mill. It will be completed through to  Nelson next week. l  Tlie Fourth.  r   While the claims on '(.Velar creek are showing  up'Avell,. those" in the neighborhood..'of Copper  creek are huikiitg e(p.ially g;oo(l. The- Fourth  .tunnel is'reported- to be still in good' ore, wit h  everv indicut ion of its hohlinitout.  Having Purchased the Stocks Carried, by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co  and Fletcher & Co.  is prepared to supply Prospectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with  everything in the line of  MINING AN  mo  5  Groceries,' Provisions, Hardware, Tiirware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.    The stock carried will  be sold at Low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  ^GKEZESTT   FOR   GIANT   ^OWIDIEIR,   OOlVCIE^^lNrY-  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  Corner Wright and Sutton Streets,     AIlsrSlJyrOBTII.  <Iu building lately occupied hy Fletcher A i <>.> ^     r*"���������*" .   w ���������'

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