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Hot Springs News Oct 3, 1891

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Array ^p  NHMBBK 4.  AINSWOETH, BRITISH  COLUMBIA,  OOTOBEB 3, 1891.  TEU CBHT&  PAVOK&   THE   PRKR   ADMISSION   OP    OUR   ORES.  The free admission into the United States of  the lead ores of British Columbia is a question  that is receiving considerable attention, both in  this section and in the neighboring sections to  the* south of the boundary line. The people of  Spokane generally favor the admission, while  those of iho Occur d'Alenes are in opposition.  The following are the opinions of a well-known  Spokane, business man, and are copied from the  Chronicle of Sept cm her 30th:  **1 have noticed lately a number of articles in  the, Cceur d'Alene papers regarding the admission of British Columbia lead ores iuto the  United States free of duty. These papers assert  that the reason Spokane citizens are sonanxious  to'have this obnoxious tariff removed is because  it would enhance real estate values in this city.  Spokane citizens have in the past years.aequired  more mining interests in the Kootenay country  than in all the other districts combined. It  should be remembered that Spokane was hut an  infant when the opportunity for securing Cceur  d'Alene mining property was at hand, and as  she thrived and grew, her citizens branched out  in mines where the best opportunities were  offered. As far as lead-silver bearing ores were  concerned, the Kootenay presented the most  favorable advantages. But, unfortunately,  just at the time1 when handsome profits  should be 'realized on their investments,  the McKinley bill became a law and tlie lead  tariff clause was, adopted. No wonder the peo-^  pie of Spokane.desire to see this ta l������f removed,  and in. this they are joined by thou>ands all over  the United States who are far-sighted enough to  see what it is leading to. Perhaps the Cceur  d'Alene editors should be informed that the majority of the miners in the Kootenay country  are the same identical persons who prospected  and opened up theOceu r d Alenes, and made i t  possible for them, as well as many others,\to  make a living in that, prolific mineral section.  The Kootenay miner receives the same wages as  the CoBur d'Alene inrnei-, so the t hteadbai e argument of competition with Mexican peon labor  cuts no figure.  <kI will only speak of British Columbia, as that  is the section "considered- a point at issue. For  several months after the passage of the tariff:  hill placing the duty on lead, the American  miners and mining companies operating in the  province of British Columbia felt-very sore over  the law, but finally" they'begun figuring a way  out of the dilemma. It was ascertained that  the consumption of lead and the many and  various products made therefrom used in Canada and the provinces exceeded the production.'  of that useful metal in the country. Accordingly they went to work to devise ways and  means to lnanufacttire lead and its products on  that side of the horder. The first question to  consider, was the shutting out of American lead  competition. To that end, unless some method  of satisfactory reciprocity is .soon arrived at, the  Canadian "parliament" at .'their next sitting will  effectually prohibit the exporting of bar lead,  white or other'leads.for paints, shot, lead pipe,  and the numerous lead products into that country. Works for the smelting.of the.- ores, refining of the products and the ���������-manufacture of the  scores of materials of which metallic lead is the  base, will he established in Canada, and the  province's and tins entire products of the mines  will be manipulated there.  "There is another important fact concerning  the quantity of lead .ores .in British Columbia.  The supply will not be as great as many suppose  who have not investigated the matter. West  Kootenay district is the only lead-producing  section of the province, and 1 doubt if one mineral claim in fifty in the district can be classed  strictly a lead proposition. The mines in the  Nelson or Toad mountain portion-of the district  are almost entirely gold, silver, and copper  propositions, while those in the Ainsworth. or  Hot Springs portion���������with the exception of the  Blue Bell and Kootenay Chief on the east side  of the lake and a score or two on the west side���������  are practically-dry ore propositions, and produce  just the ores \hat are needed on this side, of the  line to making smelting a success. Nearly all  the lead claims in Hot Springs district are owned  by Americans, and the wages paid miners and  other employes ai-e the same as paid in Montana  and Idaho.  "Were the lead ores of British Columbia  allowed to flow into the United States as freely  as the waters^pf the Columbia river, it would not  detract one particle from the income of a single  Cceur d'Alene mine owner. On the other hand,  it would be an advantage to him. It would  make Spokane a great smelting point, and save  the Cceur d'Alene ores being sent 1500 miles distant for reduction. It would enable him to get  quicker returns for his ore and keep all the  money required for their, manufacture nearer  home. The concentrates of the Cceur d1 Alenes  average50 per cent lead. In shipping, the miner.'���������  must pay for transporting 40 per cent of waste  material. Is it not reasonable that he would  rather have that product hauled 100 miles than  J500 miles?  ^  "That Spokane at some day will be a great  smelting center but few deny, but to make it  such the dry ores of British Columbia must be  drawn upon, and to get them, it will more than  likely be necessary to also secure the lead ores  of the same section."  HINTS   TO    PROSPECTORS.  J$he following sensible advice to prospectors is  iiom a Colorado paper, and is as applicable to  %������t Springs district as to the galena* and* carbonate sections of Colorado:' a  "   ,     '  "The great object of prospectors in Hinsdale  county in the past has been to find and locate  pre bodies in fissure veins; and tJhe result is that  the study of formations favorable to ore deposits  and tlie occurrence of slips and faults has been  neglected to such an extent that it may safely  t>e said very few of our mine owners have the  least idea what such breaks and. features of a  formation really are. The consequence is, with  man.yn���������'��������� sections" of our -mountains exhibiting  almost, exactly similar characteristics to the  famous deposits, "blanket" veins, arid contacts  of Leadville, Aspen, and Red Cliff not one can  tell in what way this likeness occurs. It is a  fault that ought to be remedied in the interest^  of the most effective development of our  ���������'mineral resources. It is time the San Juan,  prospector was disabusing himself of that  erroneous theory that gold, silver, lead, etc.,  is chiefly found in veins of quartz, for with  the 'miners of most great districts that belief has  long been admitted to be an exploded fallacy.  There ought to be a change in this line among  local prospectors. When investigating the mysterious mineral bearing .'slopes and gulches of  Red inou u tain, t he contiuenta 1 d i vide, GoldHill,  and other local sections that are curious, and  yet'-.where'is found .much rich float, remember,  ore is just as likely to occur in lime, slate, or  even in many kinds of porphyry as in quartz,  and in eruptive formations profitable bodies of  ore may as confidently be looked for in slips and  deposits as in veins, and in the latter faults and  breaks must be on a gigantic scale. When examining a locality where rich float is found bear  in mind that it. may just as easily have come  from a flat vein Or deposit as from a fissure, and  it is a safe prediction that a more uniform success will attend the efforts Of those who are  .searching for our treasured stores of-precious  metals." ____   Ore That is Almost Pore. Silver.  There are a number of Seattle men in Ainsworth this week, and they are just a trifle excited, not over the Kaslo-Slocan discovery, but  over the ore that was knocked down by a shot  in the Neosho claim. The ore contains bunches  of wire silver, some of the specimens being the  richest ever seen in the camp.  WILD   OVER   A   K12W   DISCOVERY.  The reports circulated and stories told by Jack  Sea ton, the Henuessy boys, Prank Flint, and  John   McGuygan  on   their   return  from  the  Kaslo-Slocan divide, on Thursday, set the town  of Ainsworth wild with excitement.   Even G.  B. Wright felt as if he was young enough to  pack his blankets over the range to the new find.  Bill Hennessy, who has bar) considerable-experience both as a miner and a prospector in  Colorado, says the croppings are fully as large  as those of the Hall mines on Toad mountain,  and that hundreds of tons of ore are in sight. ,  The returned party is the one that left Ainsworth 2 weeks ago to head off; Eli Carpenter and  E. A. Bielenberg, who started via Nelson arid*"  the Slocan river to reach a, reputed rich ledge inv>  the neighborhood of Slocan  lake.   That they^  were successful in heading off .Carpenter and^;  Bielenberg is proved by the fact that they weret  oh the ground 8 days and during that time sawf  nothing of the others.   They found the Carpen?1-���������>   ^  ter camp, and  they also found his ledge.   Jn ~t^^|^  many respects nis statements were confirmed^  although the ledge was not as wide as here-,  ported.    After making several locations they ���������  started back, and when about a mile and a half  from parpen ter's camp discovered a ledge^ that  made every one of the party imagine himself /  if*  at<, once a millionaire���������and they, are still pretty w        .~  strong in that belief.   The ledge is said to be|; l^ll*1  from 12 to 20 feet wide, and, 5 full-sized 'clahris^fe&I  were located on  it.   The ore"frrought'ba^cka^^^'^^  1 .������'���������"M"3K  coarse galena that assays ,tromu$i7UTD-^z^rtd^fgg||M  the ton in silver and averageSrOverv,50.^e^Vcept?^^^^  lead.-   Twenty-one locations in all were inade.T f"  It is  not definitely known  whether fhe?"nejw^  find is on theoSlocan slope or the Kaslo slope of t  the divide.   One"report is that the ground is not,  more that 18 miles from Kootenay lake and,  another that the distance is between 25 and 28  miles.    All agree that the route is a practicable  one for a wagon road.   The party were only a'  day in making the distance between the And-  and the month of Kaslo creek, having sent their  packs ahead with Indians, who were 2 days in  funking the trip.   This would indicate that the  distance is about 20 miles.   The fact that snow  to the depth of a foot and a half is now on thev  ground proves that tne new locations are pretty  high  up, as there is littleor ho show at the.  mines in either Hot Springs or Tciad Mountain;  districts.   Parties who are familiar with the lay  of the countiy say that Slocan lake is about 40  miles long and Slocan "river, about the  same  length.   The valley of the river is an easy one  to get through, and its outlet is on the Columbia  & Kootenay railway, 15 miles west of Nelson.  The owners of the townsite at the mouth of  Kaslo creek are con Aden ttha^t the only Short  and practicable route to the new c$.ihp will be  by way of the trail now building up Kaslo creek. (  The country should be carefully examined, and  if the new'find is half as good as reported, a������  wagon road by the most practicable route should  be built to it as early next summer as possible.  Later.���������The following are the results of assays made by professor Parks at the Blue Bell  mine: Silver-$35, $41, $260.75, $210.25, $321,  $161, $190, $300, $179.25; lead���������all samples Carried a large percentage of lead. Assays by  Bryan gave $171, $132, $199, $170 in silver, and a  general average of between 60 and 70 per ceut  lead. The assays were made from by no means  picked specimens, as quite a quantity of the ore  was brought back by the boys, and from different claims. Between 30 and 40 tests have been  made and the average has been over $175 in  silver to the ton. The ore is a wavy galena,  with antinionial stains, andispersumedtocarry  "brittle antinionial silver." The mother lode is  apparently a contact vein between lime and  granite. To sav that there is excitement at  Ainsworth is not the word. All that keeps anyone in the town is the fact that 18 inches of snow  Continued on Fourth Page. ������������������'!  HOT SPEDJGS HEWS:  AfflBWOBTH, B. 0., OCTOBER 3. 189L  THE HOT SPRINGS NEWS IS PUBLISHED ON SAT-  urdays, and -wiH be mailed to subscribers at the following  rules, payable in advance i One year $4, six months $2.50,  three months $1.50*- Advertising rates^gizten on application.  JVo communication or letter otter an anonymous signature  will be printed..   K HOUSTON & INK, Proprietors.  ot springs $ttos.  Cr  ' f  /'  ���������?,   ,'T  j^:  feffc  1*1'A  t_W'I''������ '  BRIGHT   PROSPECTS   OF   OUR    DISTRICT  Things in   the vicinity of   Ainsworth   have  never looked as bright as at the present time.  Capital is weejkly being invested in our mines by  men from   Montana,  Washington, California,  Canada, and the eastern states.   Our mines are  now an established fact not only as to their richness (which has always been acknowledged), but  also as to their continuity in depth. The striking  of the wide and rich vein in the Skyline at a depth  of 200 feet, the continuous progress made on the  /Number One with its, rich deposits, the almost  phenomenal character of the ore which is being  extracted from the Neosho, the existence of rich  .-carbonates in .the Dellie, the high-grade ores of  the Tenderfoot, the Libby, the Tam O'Shanter,  ; the Ellen, the Fourth, the On Deck, and the  scores of other claims, insure Hot Springs camp  a certainty of a long and prosperous life.   The  recent discoveries of large and extremely rich  veins of \pre in the Kaslo creek region  proves  ^clearly that the Selkirk range is a vastc depository of mineral wealth, extending from Coffee  *ereek to the northern extremity of Kootenay  lake, and in all probability joining on the north  ..with the Fish creek and^Illecillewaet lead-pro-  ^ducing regions.    It is now a certainty that the  Hendryx syndicate will erect large smelting and  refining, works but a short distance from Ainsworth. \ An   era   of   prosperity   is   assuredly  opening before us, which will put to shame the  prophecies of the chronic croakers, which are  the bane of every new mining camp, and will  reward some of the old-timers who have never  lost faith in our resources.  ; .   ENERGY   AND    CLIMATE.   It is curious how whole populations of intelligent people jump at conclusions that are flattering to themselves while utterly in contradiction  of the best established historical facts.    One of  the most widely accepted of these pieces of nonsense   is   the   dictum   that   human   energy   is  effected by clihiate.   Now the fact is that human energy has reached its fullest development  in every kind of climate and in every latitude  except the frigid zone.    The equatorial regions  furnish us  with  the  history  of  Carthage and  Egypt, the heated latitudes give us Tyre and  Sidon, Troy and Babylon. Then in those regions  which are now sneered at as effeminate and enervating, we have the unequaled science of Greece  and the matchless mastery, of Rome.    But, nonsense, say  our theorists, do you not  see  with  your own eyes that people will not work at the  south, while they will at the north?    Is not that  the effect of climate?   Is not that better than  history?   On the contrary, we find that in the  southern states an extraordinary amount of energy has developed since the war.   We find that  a population which under former conditions was  charged with indolence and negligence is under  the new conditions credited with an energy and  an  enterprise that have redeemed its country  from the desolation of ruin and brought it to  the front of progress and prosperity.    Then look  abroad.   In the very same line of climate, everv-  where, you will find the two extremes of industry and  indolence.    The southern  Chinaman,  Siamese,  East Indian,   Egyptian,  is   laborious  and industrious; the West Indian and Central  American refu&es to work.    The enterprising  Yankee   himself   lives   in   the   same   climate  and region where primitive savages scorned to  labor.   The hardy, industrious, persevering, enterprising highlander of Scotland, the Swede,  the Norwegian, enjoy about the same icy surroundings as the lazy Esquimaux who hibernates like a bear.   What, then, is the explanation of this vastly varying experience of human  energy that infuses one generation with enterprise and industry, while leaving another in the  disgraceful fetters of  sloth and   indifference?  Why, it is simply���������motive.   The motive makes  the man, arid the population is the repetition of  the man.   The greatest of all human  motive  powers is hunger; the next is ambition.  Hunger  does not move the West Indian or the Central  American because the fruits of nature are for  him both plentiful and free.   The climate exempts him from the necessity of roof or clothing, while the wild banana forest generally feeds  him and his family.   He knows no other needs  and does not comprehend the philosophy  of  making himself tired.    But if some American  natives were transported to Siam   or   China,  where every inch of land is under fence at a  high rent, where nature is in slavery and where  food implies incessant labor, he would soon find  himself working as hard as his neighbors.   Contrast the ancient Roman and the modern. There  could be no rest, no repose while something remained to be conquered; no danger, no bodily  labpr, no intellectual training was avoided that  might help to the coveted end.   But sxich fires  burnout;, modern Rome is but the scoria) of the  ancient volcano.   Is this climate?   Would Vesuvius be more active at the north pole?  Henry An derson,  Notary Public.  John L. Rktallack.  Anderson & Retallack,  Real Estate and Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  Crown Grants obtained for Mineral Claims,  Agent* for Absentee Claim Owners.  Collection* Made.  '      Correspondence Solicited. ������  Office in Townsite office, Sutton street, Ainsworth, B. G.  BREMNER  & WATSON,  AISSWOKTII, K. C.  PACK AND SADDLE HORSES  FOR HIRE.  Contract* taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore, etc.,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL TEAMING  WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Agents    for   Navies- Snyward     San nil 11    Company a  lumber,  Moldings, and   Shingles.  YANCOUVER HOUSE,  AIVSWOKTII,   B. C.  Having leased the Vancouver from A. A. McKinnon, the  undersig-ned will conduct it as a first-class hotel, in  all its departments.   The dining-room  will  be run so that its reputation will he  Second to None in the  Kootenay Lake  Country.  The bar will always he supplied with choice brands  of wines, liquors, and cigars.  ������^NO CHINESE  EMPLOVED. ^  JOHN SHANNON. T. D. MORRISON.  :i.  NELSON SAWMILL 00.  Yard s  At end of Flame in Nelfton.  Mills Twt Miles South of Kelso*.  Manufacture  LUMBER,  MOLDINGS,  SHINGLES.  The mill is now in thorough order  And Will Out 20,000 Feet a Day,  o *  Orders for special-size stuff will receive prompt  attention.  The Kootenay Lake Saw-mill m  always ready for business. Lumber- good,, bad, and indifferent- on  hand or made to order.  G. 0. BUCHANAN.  Nelson, January 15th.  The Davies-Sayward  MANUFACTURERS OK  LUMBER  OF EVERY DESCRIPTION.  ���������XT Jrv* JL'w P l      III o JL  (DELIVERED AT NELSON,  AINSWORTH,  OR   BALFOUR).  1IRKSSKD.  No. 1 flooring, 4 inch, per M..      $32 00  No. 2        "        6 inch,     "       27 00  No. 1 ceiling, 4 inch,       "  32 00  No. 2       "    G inch,       " .  27 00  Rustic,                                "  27 00  Select, clear, DI),           . ".      ...               .,.. 40 00  No. 1 common, I),            "  25 00  I)I>,          "  27 00  Bar and counter tops, clear, per foot.  , 10  itof <;n.  No. 1 common, per M   $20 00  No. 2        " 4*     15 00  Culls, *������     12 00  Shingles, "               4 50  MOLDINGS.  Read, panel, crown, base, etc., etc., per foot 2J@10c  Mills at Pilot Bay, Koot-rnay Lake.  S. 0. Spalding,   .   .   .    Manager  It. F. I'KltllY, Agent at Nelson.  BttEMNKR A WATSON, Agent* at AiUHwortb. HOT SPRINGS HEWS:  AIHSWOETH, B. 0., OCTOBER 3, 1891  OF AINSWORTH!  This rapidly growing town, being the center of the well-known HOT SPBINGfS  MINING- DISTRICT, presents an unrivaled field for business and speculative  investment. The townsite proprietors are now prepared to sell on reasonable  terms a limited number of business and residence lots.   For particulars apply to  &  D  A.iisrs'W'joiiTB:  JL  NOLDIM;   CliAINH   WITHOUT   WORK,  Although the present Minora! Act of British  Columbia is noto perfect, it is certainly as good  as the mining sections of the United States. The  following anent the holding of claims without  work is from the pen of one of the editors of the  Seattle Press-Times, who has put in (he summer  \n the mining camps in southern British Columbia and northern Washington and is now camped  near Little Dalles, Stevens county, Washington.  He says: V ,^  '*' "This particular feature of the mining law,  intended, as it is, to extend the fullest protection to the prospector, inflicts hardship on him.  Where the state law does not ej^e^h^re provide  ���������and Colorado took care early in" hekexistence  to pass a 60-days' assessment work act���������the $100  worth of work required'of the discoverer inky  not be done until within the year following the  discovery, the year to begin on the first day of  the January succeeding the. date of location.  ���������Technically,.-in Washington, a'..cla.hu may be located on January 2nd, 1892, and the year during  which $100 worth of work must he done does  hot begin until January 1st, 1893. In such a case  t he mere fact of discovery���������the requiremeiit s of  location and record having been complied with   just ifies possession for 2years, at the exact expiration of which the claim ���������"���������may be relocated  under another name, without one dollar's worth  of work having been done. If there is no one  present on the first of January, 18JM-, to contest  fin- the relocation, the original discoverer may  allow a day to elapse, and .in dating the relocation January 2nd, 1891, he has till January 1st,  1896, to do what should have been done, as a  matter of- expediency: and good faith, before  April 1st, 1892.  And h<- may continue to hold the ground indefinitely! doing nothing for the development of  the'-country himself, and making the enterprise  of others 'impossible,.'while discouraging the  very   presence of experienced ".and   resourceful  men. ' ���������  It was designated hy the framers of the brig-.  inal and amended federal laws that mining  should he encouraged and maintained as an in-  dustrv and hot as a'speculation. The hope of all  these* lazvOwners is that someone will come  along some day and buy them out at a fabulous  or unreasonable figure. They are not prospectors in the true sense of the word, since a genuine prospector invariably does more than to  stick up stakes, file, a record, and wait. They  are mere bucket shop dabblers in location certificates and croppings, and the sooner the legislature abbreviates the privileges of the federal  statutes so as to enforcer an expression of good  intent in the matter of prospecting and mining  the better it will be for Stevens county in particular and the state in general.  "An illustration of how this scheme works  may be drawn from a scene I happened to witness on the range south of here. Two prospectors, not long in the country, were digging away  in a hole as if for dear life. They were throwing out some excellent ore. A mining broker  from Spokane approached, looked over the  dump a few moments,  and  then  observed, '1  own an interest iii this mine.' At this the two  prospectors said they were tired of listening to  people who owned an interest in the ground, and  hereafter they would not let anyone on the  claim till the court commanded them to do so.  The broker replied that they may expect to hear  from his lawyer any day. Now, the fact is that  the claim was located by a woman, a.year ago  this month. She was aided in the labor of location by a gentleman who owns property near  by. A few days more than a year had elapsed  and no assessment work was done. The vein  was not even intelligently explored. These prospectors; came along, assumed the claim had oeen  abandoned, uprooted the stakes of discovery  arid location and destroyed them, and striking  the vein in anew quarter, claimed possession.  Soon after rolling up their sleeves and going to  work they struck a body of excellent ore. About  that time the broker appeared, and the woman  sold a half or a major part of her claim, with  the understanding that he take the contest into  the courts and oust the prospectors. He looked  up >ihe law and soon familiarized himself with  the^ax labor provision under which most of the  available ground in this^sectibn of the coiiutry  is held by non-workers. He saw that technically the woman retainer) her right in the  claim, though she might have relocated or held  it for 20 years and she would not have done or  paid for the work these earnest prospectors have  done in a Couple of weeks. The broker will  secure the best legal talent obtainable at Spokane,and doubtless the technical requirement of  the law will he maintained."  Another Use for Electricity.  A Chicago dispatch says:   "A new system of  stopping   runaway   horses   by   electricity  was  given a practical test on the lake front yester-  da y by O. B. Holson, t he in veil tor. M ichigan  avenue was lined with spectators. Holson got  into a carriage with 2 horses attached and with  no driver on the box. The man lashed the  horses with the whip and they dashed away at  a breakneck speed. Suddenly the animals raised  themselves on their haunches and came to a full  stop. The invention consists of a dry battery  under the driver's box, connected by wires with  the metal balls placed in the horses' nostrils.  There are 2 buttons, one on the driver's box and  the other on the inside, which will close the circuit when pressed. The result is a wild shock,  which the inventor asserts will invariably bring  a runaway horse to a standstill."  Does It Mean  Business?  The officers of the Northern Pacific land department recently visited the United States land  office at Cceur d'Alene, Idaho, to secure plats  and data in regard to the country between Kootenay station and Bonner's Ferry. It was understood at the land office that their object had  reference to the building of a branch line from  the station to Bonner's Ferry. There seem to  be hardly any doubt in well-informed circles but  that the Northern Pacific intends to build this  branch and have it in operation by the time the  Great Northern is running cars to the head of  deep water navigation on Kootenay river.  /  GONE  BY   FOREVER.  1  .<������������������ i     ,,-&$.  1   il    '" '   iff" '  * */ ' ffi������i������������  ���������   -  uk. (j. j.    l. mwUl   tt\m  ~-"V ���������^���������rajS:  Old tinie mining and prospecting have gone  by forever, and the social conditions which J)hey  produce are no longer possible in the.XJnite^l  States. They live only in the stories of Brejt,  Hart, the "Roughing It" of Mark Twain and; tli0  memory ot those who are a part of therii. DThe  hurdy-gurdy, the gambling tent, "Mother Ship-  ton," the prospector with his bag of gold dust,  the rough-and-ready life in a house whose roof  Was the stary sky, the .enthusiasm, and mischief  and hope of youth, the good fellowship and  rovaLnature, the honor that comes from confidk  en^e%hd trust, if from no deeper;.soTO*NmJJ^,'. ^-^ms  dai^coming of the-'.mail coach, tlie occ^ibft^'^i'i^^g  whl^fcry racket or gambling duel'wben sonie^ QflelXlSP  turned up his toes to the daisies, and the healthy,  enjoyable life of work and fun, where aristocracy was a matter ot intellect and honor instead  of money and clothes, exist now like a dream.  In a few years more they will be wholly historical, like the events of the days when our New  England ancestors went to church carrying their  muskets for protection from Indians.  Perhaps it is just as well for humanity that  this old life is gone. It would be folly to say  that the arts, refinements, and improvements of  civilization are not better for the world than a  frontier life, free and happy as it may have been.  But it is something to have lived in those days?  and" formed a part of their life. The wan who  grew-"up with them has seen tipified in a small  way the growth of mining as a science and ah  art since the days of civilization. In fact he has  seen theintroductionof nine-tenths of the ini*  provemerits that have ever been made. He has  seen placer mining, which consisted of panning  and rocking���������which it had always been���������emerge  into the use of a ''long torn," then a sluice box  and finally the crowning triumph of Yankee in:  genuity, the modern hydraulic plant. He ha$  seen the Mexican arastra superseded by the  "Georgia stamp mill" with wooden stems, and  that in turn supplanted by the modern mill. He  has seen roasters, desulphurizers, amalgamating  pans, leaching plants, secret processes and patent  processes without number come, create their  sensations, awaken the hopes of people, fail and  disappear only to be succeeded by some other  thing of like nature. He has seen the coming of  the foreign expert, who was once supposed to  know everything, and listened to his more or  less learne-d or unlearned, wise or otherwise  theories, and has seen most of them disproved,  He has watched the development of the mining  swindler in his glory and the coming of the  sucker in his innocence, and out of it all has  evolved a few general truths, learned a thousand  valuable lessons, and become very skeptical  about the value of all new things until they bear  better credentials than new things are apt to  bear. If he is scholar enough in the domain of  natural science, or student enough to go to the  foundation of things and study cause and effect,  he has been educated in the school of schools  whose lessons are the hardest and most valuable  that mankind ever did or can learn. HOT SPRINGS SEWS:   AlflSWOETH, B. 0., OCTOBEE 3. 1891.  .   *���������  W  life   V'1 '  ft*. :  I*-,' .������������������  ���������-r - ������������������  lift- ��������� <���������  4/������   "  ���������frv;*. b  P*isjr \a  ISft'* ^ *.i'j  t^*yw--   4 ; j*  .en. '   *-���������* <nl*  ��������� At v *^ |'   /���������* >  1������"''"- *  ^  J  Having Purchased the Stocks Carried by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co.  and Fletcher & Co.  ^ is prepared to supply Prospectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with ...  i '^vaything in the line of  MINING AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,  Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Tinware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.   The stock carried will  ' : be sold at low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  IFCXK,   GKCATTT   IFO'WIIDIEIR  (The best powder made foiPuse in mines.)  o ozMczp^isr^r.  Corner Wright and. Sutton Streets,     _A_T"TSJ"f^"^7^(^T?,TnTT  - ���������  <In building; lately ocean led by Fletcher A Co.) ^     K���������J       " V.       V- '^     I    ��������� M ���������-*���������      ���������       l i*������<  Continued from First Pajfe.  is reported on the divide. Notwithstanding  'this,,-between 25 and 30 of the boys have pulled  *������dt for the hew strike since the result of the assays became known; and there is not a dugout  or asjwHslj left in the cahip. The boys report a  low divide at the head of the north fork of Kaslo  creek, and say that th*������re need he no difficulty  in getting in a trail, as the route is a natural one.  w������  LOCAL   AX1������   FKU&OXAL.  ���������������������������*  The Cockle, brothers, boat builders of-Crawford**'bay,  f|have turned out another jppeciroenof their handicraft, this  xiljde a double racing skiff with sliding scats.'   It is a vvon-  iderandav world-beater, the builders being willing,to race  Anything from the steamer Surprise down, over a course  , fromthe Pijot Bay saw-mill to Balfour,-the boat*to be the  .stakes. Jit has been nanied the "Youbetcher."  ��������� , W. W. Sprague returned on Wednesday from Tacoma.  *He will put in the winter working the On Beck.  j , The ore in the upraise in the Skyline is npt only improving, but it is of uniformly **ood .grade across the entire  width of the vein���������about 12 feet.  ���������The ledge has been struck on the Charleston, the south  extension of the Little Donald. Messrs. Cody and Hark-  ���������ness are the lucky owners.  The vein on the Dellie is now exposed for 750 feet.   The  shaft is down 30 feet, which shows the vein to be fully 7  ^eet in width.   The ore assays from 86 to 150 ounces, and  ���������jeojitains little or no lead.  Our merchants did a rushing business during the week  in outfitting the boys who, started for the Kaslo-Slocan  discovery. ,         '  HI NEKAL CLAIMS ItECOKUEO AM>  TK4XSFEKKEI*  THE JOHN DOTY ENGINE COMPANY, LTD.  O^ TOBONTO,   OaSTO?^RIO.  MANUPAOTUEERS OF ALL DESOKIPTIOlirS OP MABUTE AND STATIONAET ;  ENGINES AND   BOILERS  '      ' ' ' ���������' ,��������� .    r  I r ' "* I)  ' British Columbia Branch:   520 Cordova Street,  Vancouver.  0. P. ST. JOHN, Manager.  < i  Keep in stock a full supply of engineer and mill supplies, such as pipe and fittings, brass goods, sheet and other  packing, rubber valves, rubber and leather belting, Dodge wood split-pulleys, oils and lubricants, etc.  Estimates for boilers and engines made on application.   Mail orders receive prompt attention.  L  _   _ ' ' ' ���������"     ������  HOISTING  ENGINES AND  SINKING PUMPS FOR MINES,  AT AINSWORTH, HOT SPRINGS DISTRICT.  Thursday, September 24th,~The Crown Jewel, situate  about 1 mile west of Kootenay lake on the south branch of  Woodbury creek and adjoining ihe northeast corner of the  Surprise; A. W. Palmer and James Anderson, locators.  The Eureka, situate about 14 miles west of Kootenay lake  on Bear creek, a tributary of the north branch of 'Kaslo  creek; Robert McDonald, John McPhee, arid'J..D. Moore  locators. The Silver Tip, situate about I miles east.'of the  north end of Kootenay lake; J. A. Dawson locator.  Friday, Sept ember 25th.-- Hie Blue Grouse, situate ������������������: on  the east side of Kootenay lake about 12i miles southeast of  Crawford's bay and 100 feet sbuth of and running parallel  with the Rose Bud; C. Von Mbrekerke locator.  Saturday, September '25tbW! he Choteau Brillent, situate about U miles west of Kootenay lake and \ of a mile  south of the south branch of Woodbu'ry creek; N. A. Parent and G. Baillod locators. The Colonel, situate about U  miles west of Kootenay lake and adjoining the south end  line of the Libby; Walter M. Adrian locator. The Evening Shade, situate on Cedar creek, west side of Kootenay  lake, and being a north extension of the John A. Layard;  Walter M. Adrian locator, The Macbeth, situate about 5  miles west of Kootenay lake, southwest of th(* Skyline,  and being a southerly extension of the Hill Top; \\v liter  M. Adrian locator. The Mountain Quail, situate about .r)  miles West of Kootenay lake, southwest of the Skyline  and being a southerly extension of the Macbeth; G. \V\  Adrian locator.  Tuesday. September 29th.���������The Morning Star., situate  about 5 miles west of Kootenay lake, running parallel with  and adjoining the cast side line of the Thor; Z. Montgomery locator.  BILLS OF SALK.  Friday September 24th.���������Jostah Fletcher to Alexander  M. Bilshland, an undivided k interest in the Montezuma  and an undivided ������ interest in the Mexico, situate about  10 miles west of Kootenay lake near the headwaters of  Galena creek, a tributary of the south branch of Kaslo  creek; consideration ������200. William Lynch J. A. Larjgc'nt,  and C. M. Parker to ...the Western'Consolidated Mining  Company, a full inteeest in the Club, Mo ida\\ and Norway, situate in the Hot Springs camp; consideration S17(K>.  CM. Parker to the Western Oonsol.idated Mining Company, an undivided A interest in the Katie, situate between  the'Jerusalem and -Retriever, Hot Springs camp; consideration .$2000. CM. Parker to Zachariah "Montgomery, an  undivided j-interest in the Alex, situate north of the Number One, Hot Springs camp; consideration #1;>00.    U. McL.  ���������-,-  Cameron to Thomas Shearer, an undivided ] interest fri  the (iood Link and Clifton, situate at the hcadofSchrtxler  creek about 12 miles west of Kootenay lake Kaslo districts  consideration ������2;"). Thomas Shearer to It. McL. Cameron,  an undivided A interest in the Republic, situate on  Schroder creek and being an easterly extension of th*  Beaver; consideration ������100.  Saturday, September 201 fo. -Randall II. Kemp to mrs.  A. C. Adams, a full interest in the Little Rustler, situate  on the west side of Crawford's Bay; consideration ������2o.      ���������!  Wednesday, September 30th.--\v. II. Montgomery, John  H. Fink, and L. R. Lindsay to Ernest Harrop, an undivided  ������ interest on the Ellen, situate about. 24 miles west, of  Kootenay lake, between the PaUil.nl and Maud S, Hot  Springs cam|>; bond with conditions.  HENRY & ADAMS,  PIONEER DRUG STORE;  AISSUOKTII,   ||. <V.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints and Oils,  ������������������ Tob'aeco and -Cigars, Fishing Tackle,  Stationery, etc.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  DEALEBS  insr  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes;  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's Furnishings, Eta, Etc:  irsr. :b  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & 00., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.  ���������u  f'd  t  ���������*  '.  1

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