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Hot Springs News Sep 19, 1891

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 SPRINGS NEWS,  NUMBER 2.  ATNSWOETH, BRITISH  COLUMBIA, SEPTEMBER 19, 1891.  TEN GENTS.  \  THE   PROSPECTOR.  The, indefatigable prospector for the alluring  minerals that lie hidden beneath our rocky mountains is the true pioneer in the fullest sense of  the term. With his patient little cayuse, a sack  of flour, a side of bacon, and his mining tools, the  fearless prospector leaves behind him all the comfortsi of civilization, His wife and baby, and following the guiding star of Hope, trudges over  rugged mountains and crag-locked canyons, stopping here and there to break and eagerly scan  a .promising bit'of float or w'ash a pan of dirt  where he fancies he has caught a glimpse of  color. Days follow days, and still' he wanders  onward, farther and farther into the depths/>f  the wild, unbroken maze of nature's rugged  handiwork. As the sun sinks behind tlie snow-  rapped ranges which rear their lofty hVads far  above him on every side, he turns his weary companion loose to crop fresh bunches of the tender  grass, and lighting his little catnptirc, cooks his  frugal meal, his busy brain weaving wotiderous  projects of future comfort and plenty for the  loved ones who are anxiously awaiting his return, and, worn out at last, he rolls himself in  his blankets and beneath the star-spangled canopy of blue sinks into a dreamless slumber; only  to awaken and renew his toilsome search for gold.  If dame Fortune smiles upon his efforts and he  returns to his loved ones with the fruits of his  arduous toll, hundreds of eager seekers after the  golden spoil follow in his footprints, and another  town is added to the long list of mushroom camps  which form the advance guard "of'civilisation..  But, unhappily, how many of these hardy treas-  ,, ure seekers spend days, months and years in vain  search for a short road to affluence, only to lay  down their quartz-worn pick and spade beside  some promising ledge that failed to pan out in  paying quantities, and, like the wayworn prospector's life, pinched out just a.> its promise was  fairest ; and when the snows of winter have  molted away under the genial intiuence of  another summers sun, a rusty pick and spade, a  little heap of gold-sprinkled quartz and a ghastly  skeleton, bleached and Heshless, arc all that is  left of the loving husband and father who left  .his home and family in the vain search for gold.  Bo it is through every man's life, whether the  search he for gold, for love, for glory, or for  fame, some prospectors, with scarcely an effort,  are showered with.favors by the tickle goddess,  while others may toil early and late, endure  .heart-bryaking. deprivations and incur the ridicule of mankind only to find, when "life's fitful  dream is .o'er," that a harvest of chalf and a  house built upon the sand is their only reward.  Yet these are the men denounced as "tramps",  and ''speculators" by a well-paid government,  official in this district.  The  \cwenstle  Labor Coiis-tchs.  English -attention has been centered 'this .week  so far as concerns home-affairs on the labor congress at Newcastle. It is the most important  gathering of the kind since the trade union congress at Manchester in June, IS(5S, and the  marked political factor of its deliberations has  aroused the intense interest of both political  part ies. The leaders of the congress are in stature, Thomas Burt, M. P., general secretary of  the Northumberland Miners' Association; B. J.  Harris, financial secretary of the National Labor-  Federation; J. Sawyer-of the carpenters, and  joiners, and William Flynnof the stone masons;  Fdward Hartford of the railway servants; A.  Wilkieof the shipwrights; .1. H. Wilson of the  sailor and firemen's union, recently imprisoned:  at Cardiff; Hugh Sinclair of the national tin  and |iroit plate workers; Robert Knight of the  .boiler makers, and mr. Fenwick, M. P. These  men in their Sunday attire present an appearance fully as dignified and respectable as any  in   the  house  of   lords   or   the   commons   and  their deliberations are conducted according  to parliamentary rules. The noticeable bitterness towards royalty and the privileged  classes, which has attracted general attention,  is undoubtedly due to the efforts made in former  years to stamp out trades unionism altogether.  These efforts have been given up, but they left  a sting. On the 15th the congress had a grand  public demonstration attended by all the unions  in Newcastle and vicinity for guiles around.  After the committees, speakers^and delegates,  the men engaged in the shoe manufacture led  the van, these being followed in their order by  the various trades. All had their banners and  emblems and some of them with models. The  Newcastle branch of th$ typographical association had, for instance, a printing machine working: The parade far exceeded in interest any  previous demonstration and was hailed with the  greatest enthusiasm by the multitudes.  DOES   IT   MEAN    A   SMELTER.  A    PRETTY   <;OOI>   COINTRY.  o  Richard Irwin returned to Ainsworth from  Colorado this week. He reports the mining business in that state as in fairly good condition,  with the usual number of "excitements" and  "stampedes," the latest "excitement" lining to a  district lying west of Pike's Peak. On the return trip  he stopped off at  Ogden, Utah, long  enough to fake a run up to a district recently  discovered near that city. The hew district is  in the Wasatch mountains, and about 30 miles  from Ogden. A stage line that was operated to  the Deep Creek excitement during the summer  is iii operation between the railway and the new  camp. The ledges are of good size, but the oYe  is lead carrying a little sjlver. The finds are at  a high altitude and snow is already, on the  ground. There were between 200 and 300  people- in the camp. Mr. Irwin also stopped  off a day at Kettle Falls, and reports  that much-boomed town quiet, although its  leading citizens never tire of talking about the  wonderful richness and immense size of the  mines tributary to the town. Mr. Irwin says  that a small shipment of ore will be made this  fall from the Tarn O'Shanter mine, on the east  side of the lake, and that development work will  be continued all winter. Although an old-time  Coloradoan, mr. Irwin is confident that the  Kootenay Lake country is not surpassed by any  mining section in that state.  The Couutry  Again Salted.  Ottawa advices state that the arbitrators who  had under consideration the construction of the  Onderdonk section of the Canadian Pacific will  shortly make an award in favor of the railway  company and against the Dominion government. The award will he $750,000. This claim  is over the alleged failure of the government to  carry out the conditions of its agreement with  the Canadian Pacific company to properly construct and turn over the Onderdonk section of the  road in British Columbia. It is little-wonder',  that .-Canada is getting .deeper in debt every  year.- ��������� ���������     __1 _ ' ;  ..  Tlie Skyline'.ledge Twelve  Feet  Wide.  The crosscut  from the bottom of the Skyline  working shaft   has reached the foot wall of the.  ledge, and it proves the latter to be 12 feet wide.  The ore is of about the same grade as that taken  from the old workings. The -foot wall is smooth  and separated from the ore by a 2-inch seam of  earthy matter. An upraise will he started to  connect the crosscut with the old workings.  A  <ioo<I-Looking  Prospect.  One of the best prospects in Hot Springs district is the Dellie, which is owned by messrs.  Bailey and Alperson. Considerable work has  been done on it. A 10-foot shaft is sunk in ore,  and a 30-foot drift run from its bottom. Four  men are at present employed on development  work.  A number of rumors about smelters are in circulation. One is that Joshua Davies and associate capitalists of Victoria will build a smelter at  Pilot Bay, on the east side of Kootenay lake.  Another is that Duluth parties will build reduction works at the mouth of Coffee creek, 3 miles  south of Ainsworth. Another, that Salt Lake  mining men will do likewise at the mouth of  Woodbury creek, 3 miles north of Ainsworth.  Another that Spokane men, associated with  capitalists from Colorado, will do likewise on  Crawford bay. And still another, that the Heri-  (JLryx interest will build a smelter at the Blue  Bell, on the east side of the lake, nearly opposite  Ainsworth. All attempts at tracing these rumors have the same end, that is, nothing  authentic. That some of these parties are eon:  sidermg the smelter question is, no doubt, true;  "but thatlhe question is beyond the inquiry stage  is not believed by men who should be well  posted.* For a> month or more professor Parks  of HeMna, Montana, has been making a thorough examination of the many claims in Hot  Spririgsvdistrict. This, in connection with the  fact thajt he makes his headquarters at tfyeBlue  Bell mine, leads many to believe that he is working in the Hendryx interest, an interest that is  known to favor the erection of reduction works  somewhere on Kootenay lake. Professor Parks  stands well among mining men, and as 'his services come high, his employers must not only  inea^^busiuess, but be pretty well fixed financially. 'However, the News, is of opinion that  nothing definite will be known as regards these  sijielter propositions until next spring. \  &        How **llie Judge's Son** was Taken fii.  Last week a practical joke was played on %  well-known society young man of Nelson. Being in society, he is, of course, more than willing to put himself to any inconvenience when a  lady is to be served. A party of lady friends  were having a week's outing and fishing down  at Ward's crossing. A relative who wished to  send them ,a package knew that the society  young man would jump at the chance Of delivering it. The request wras made, and a beaming  countenance betrayed the pleasure with which  it was accepted. The package (closely wrapped  in paper) weighed fully 15 pounds. Being well-  bred, the society young man did not ask any  questions as to its contents, but he was led to  believe that it contained fruit of a kind much  relished by one of the ladies of the party. Not  being posted as to the lay of the fishing camps  on the river, the society young man was told  that the party was camped about a mile and a  half below the railway bridge, and that the best  place to leave the train was at the bridge. He  accordingly left the train at the bridge, shouldered the package, and with elastic step and a  smile a yard wide took the trail leading to  Ward's crossing���������10 miles away, instead of a  mile and a half. When he arrived at the party's  camp, late in the afternoon of a hot day, the  elastic step and yard-wide smile had changed to  a limping gate and a tired expression, which  plainly said, "I am a blanked fool and I know  it." But the sight of the ladies forced a cheerful smile and a pleasantly worded greeting. The  package was duly delivered and received with  profuse thanks. On tearing off the paper wrapping, the young lady found a note. The note  explained the joke and the contents of the package. On holding a consultation with another  lady of the party it was thought best not to  open the package. It contained a beef shank 2  weeks old.         ��������� ~- ���������_^-    ������������������  Machinery on the Way.  The machinery for the Tenderfoot is on the  way from Toronto. It consists of an engine,  hoist, and pump, the boiler capacity being 25-  horse power. This will make the fourth steam  hoist'in.Hot Springs district.  ,   to  - 0  "<,-     , I- -"'WH'U-WJ  HOT 8PEDJGS NEWS:  AINSWOBTH, B. 0., EEPTEMBEE 19. 1891.  i  i " '  THE HOT SPRINGS NEWS IS PUBLISHED ON SAT*  urdays, and will be mailed to subscribers at the following  rates, payable in advance: One year $4, six tnonths $z.$o%  three months $1.50. Advertising rates given on application.  No communication or letter crver an anonymous signature  mil be printed.. 'HOUSTON &> INK, Proprietors.  giot (Springs' ^letos.  PROSPECTORS   TRADUCED   BY A   PROVINCIAL   OFEICIAL.  The prospector is often denounced as a man  endeavoring to get land from the government  for nothing; as a man who is nothing if not a  tramp^or a speculator; as a man who should be  closely watched hy the land officials of the  province; as a man, in fact, without a single redeeming quality. That (Jiese opinions are  shared by any Uti'ge number of our citizens is  not to be believed; but they are the opinions,  publicly expressed, of men who do not earn  their living by harder work than drawing a salary from the provincial government, a government whose revenue, is derived in part from  . these "tramp speculators."  The NEtvs is not disposed to quarrel with  officials who hold the above opinions���������they are  entitled to their opinions;'but it will endeavor  to show that prospectors are entitled to all the  privileges granted them by the Mineral Act.   In  the first place, they are required to take out a  yearly license  before they can engage in the  business of prospecting, the license being almost  as high as that required from the retail dealers  in merchandise.   Should they then he lucky\and  discover a ledge of rock carrying minerals, tlie.y  are allowed to hold a piece of land 20 acres in  area, provided they expend $100 a yea������; on it���������  the land in 99 /times in a hundred being valueless.   The annual expenditures must be duly recorded, which never costs less than $2.50. Should  they wish to acquire a crown title to the ground,  they must either prove that they have expended  $500 on it or pay $25 an acre in cash���������just $20 an  acre more than the province asks for its Best agricultural land.    It will thus be seen that the  prospector is granted no. special privileges, and  if he acquires title to land of dohbtful value it is  at a cost fully 5 times greater than that incurred  by the stockraiser or farmer for land of known  value.   That they are "tramps" cannot be disputed, for it is only by tramping���������and always  under great difficulties���������that   the   business  of  prospecting can be carried on.    That they are  speculators will not be disputed, for every man  that starts out to prospect does so in the hope  that he will  make a discovery  that  will give  large returns for a small investment���������but how  often are these hopes realized?   That they are  men of worthless character is best refuted by  the evidences, of civilization in that vast extent  of country stretching from the eastern foothills  of the Rockies to the shores'of the Pacific; a  country that today would he a wilderness had it  not been for the class of men now denounced as  "tramps" and "speculators" by men whose daily  bread   is  furnished   by the   men  whom   they  traduce.  LOCAL   SMELTERS   HAVE   NOT   CREATED  A   MARKET.  The miners of West Kootenay are awake to  the fact that the mere establishment of local  smelters does not create a market for lead ores,  and they are looking around for a means that  will. They are of opinion that until the Dominion government increases the present duty  on pig, bar, and sheet lead from $8 to $12 a ton  to a uniform duty of $30 a ton the local smelter  owners will be unable to either run their plants  continuously or at a profit, and unless another  market than Canada is opened the output of  their mines will he restricted to just enough to  supply the home demand, which is not large.T^|  market hoped for is that of the United States;  hut until the Canadian duty is as high as that levied by the Uuited States, the .'.latter, country is  not likely to favor any reciprocal arrangement-r  The Canadian government, if it would see the  mining industry of this province flourish, should  raise the present duty on lead so as to make it  equal that levied by the United States, then its  commissioners to the Washington conference  would be in a position to talk reciprocity on an  equal footing. Petitions embodying these views  have been nujjnerously signed by the miners and  mine ownersjof the various camps in the district  and forwarded to premier Abbott, with a request  that he present them to the governor-general  for consideration.  DO   THEY CLEARLY REALIZE THAT THEY  ARE   THIEVES'i  Did ever anyone who in a position of trust  yielded to temptation realize clearly that in so  doing he was stooping to a dishonorable deed,  and forfeiting his claim to be ranked among  honest men? Probably not, in the first instance.  No doubt everyone who has been dismissed or  suspended froth the public service during the  Ottawa investigations considers himself an injured unan. This tendency of luiman nature is  brought out with peculiar and almost amusing  distinctness in the form of the resignation which  was tendered the other day by mr. Senecal, superintendent of the government printing bureau  at Ottawa. Mr. Senecal's case is a particularly  glaring one. He seems to have made no scruple  of laying himself under large pecuniary obligations to those with whom he, in bis position of  trust, had extensive dealings, and in regard to  whom it was his first duty, as a point of honor,  to maintain a position of the most absolute and  scrupulous independence. And yet-mr.-Senecal-.  evidently feels that he has been treated with  great harshness. He is, in his own estimation,  an injured man. True, he receivedInoney, and  that in considerable sums, for personal uses, at  the hands of those from whom he '.was-making  large purchases on  behalf of the government.  But the material was, he claims, "purchased at  ��������� ��������� . - , ���������. - i'X^">  low rates, and those who talk about com hi is-  sions are simply calumniators." It is very likely  that mr. Senecal is perfectly sincere in this plea.  It is very likely, too, that the goods may. have  been purchased at as low rates as those which  rule in ordinary transactions. But has mr. Senecal ever thought to ask himself how he would  deal with a steward.or housekeeper in his own  employ, .whom he should find to be in the habit  of asking and receiving liberal presents of money  from the grocer or butcher from whom the  family supplies were purchased. Bringing the  case home to himself in this way he might possibly come to see that business .men'are not ac-  customed.to sow their cash in this liberal fashion  without very good prospects of reaping a harvest. Nothing can be clearer to the disinterested  than that the merchant who can afford to make  a present of a hundred or a thousand dollars to  the agent who secures him a large order, could ���������  just as well afford to deduct the given amount  from the sum total of his bill, and that he would  do so rather than lose the order and the prospect  of more to follow. This is, of course, simply a  business view of the transaction. Still weightier  reasons for summary dealing with such agents  are those derived from the proverbial tendency  of a giftlo injure the moral eyesight; and the  subsequent inability of the individual who has  once accepted such a gift to assume an indepen-  derit. at t i t ude in regard to futu re pu rchases. The  very fact^that mr. Senecal and others of that  ilk cannot see that they have done any wrong is  the tiest possible reiason for replacing them with  men of clearer in oral pre^eptions.  PUTTING A SHOm-DER   TO   THE  WHEEL.  The '''business men of Spokane Falls who have  mining interests in British Columbia are working to bring about a reciprocal arrangement that  will allow the lead and copper ores of our cathps  to be admitted duty freeinto the United States.  Nothing like pulling together to gain a point.  Hknky Ani>kkson\  Notary Public.  John L. Hktallack.  Anderson & Retallack,  Eeal Estate and Mining Brokers,  Conveyancers, Etc.  4 rown Grants obtained for Mineral I'lnltUM.  Agents for Absentee C'lului Owner*.  Collections Made.  Correspondence Solicited,  Office in Townsite office, Sutton street, Ainsworth, H. ('.  BREMNER & WATSON,  AINSWOinil, B. c.  PACK AND SADDLE HORSES  FOR  HIRE.  i u  <\mtracts taken for hauling supplies, machinery, ore. etc.,  to and from mines in Hot Springs district.  ALL  TEAMING   WORK   UNDERTAKEN.  Ajjcnt*    for   Ilavie.H-Sayward     Sawmill    Company *'.  Lumber.   Moldings*  arid   Shingles.  AIXSJVOBTBf "**. C.  Having leased the Vancouver from A. A. McKinnpn, the  undersigned will conduct it as a first-class hotel, in  all its department**.'  The dining-room ���������..will  be run so that its reputation will he  Second to None  in the  Kootenay Lake  Country.  The bar will always besupplied with choice brands  of wines, liquors, and cigars.  mXO CHINESE KMPLOVED. 'Xfefe  JOHN  SHANNON. ^ :f. D. MORRISON.  lLatft Assaver for th<* Anaconda��������� Company, Butte,��������� Montana;).'  ASSAYER AND CHEMIST,  AIVSWOIMII,   B. i\  Assay Charges.���������Gold, silver, or lead, $1.50 each. Gold  and silver or lead and silver, $2. (\>Pt������er, $2.50. Silver and  copper, $'A. Gold, silver, and lead, $3. Gobi, silver, and  copper, ������3.50,  HENRY & ADAMS,  PIONEER DRUG STORE,  AI \S WORTH,   B. C.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints and Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing Tackle,  Stationery, etc.  J. A. MELVILLE,  CONTRACTOR  AND   BUILDER,  AIXSWORTII,   B. CI.  Plans, specifications, and estimates furnished for  all classes of buildings H0������ SPBEJGS HEWS:   AIHSWOETH, B. 0., SEPTEMBEB 19. 189L  TOWN  l  j.JX,~.  This rapidly growing town, being the center of the well-known HOT SPEINGS.  MINING- DISTRICT, presents an unrivaled field for business and speculative  investment. The townsite proprietors are now prepared to sell on reasonable  terms a limited number of business and residence lots.   For particulars apply to  tzi  /-%  v - -*  .A-G-ESIsri',  STToTTOIN"   STEEBT,  .AaUDTSW  TIEI,  IB. G-  A    NEW   liKAF   OF   HISTORY.  ,-1   ., ������������������ ��������� ->������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������ (  General Benjamin P. But lor has discovered in  the Con federate archives sit Washington the letter  of  August   11th,   18(53,   in   which   Jefferson  Davis refused to accept  the resignation <>f general Robert   E. Lee as commander of the army  of Northern Virginia.    The publication of this  letter reveals the fact  that the president of the  Southern Confederacy and general Lee were not  harmonious during the progress of the war, and  but for the lofty place which Lee held  in the  affection and esteem of Virginia and the whole  south, Davis would fmvo displaced him from his  command  as   be. did  Joe Johnston, at a   later  period of the war, on the eve of giving battle to.  Sherman  before Atlanta.    Jeff Davis's military  idol was   Albert   Sidney Johnston^who  fell ar  Shilob, and in his letter to Lee, the Confederate  president introduced Johnstone's name in terms  of comparison that must  have been offensive to'  Lee.    Lee tendered bis resignat ion August 8th,  18f>3. just 5 weeks atter his defeat at Gettysburg.  Lee, in bis letter of resignation, and   Davis  in  his  reply,   make   it   clear   that   L,ie   desired   to  abandon'the civil war since the fall of Vickshurg  had made the downfall of the Southern Confederacy only a question of time.  Lee as a soldier knew that the fall of Vickshurg not only placed the Mississippi river under  the control of the Union and thus split the Confederacy in twain, but that it released Grant's  army of 75,000 men for operations against Chattanooga, which the Confederacy had not the  military strength to resist. The loss of Chattanooga would be fatal, as it would open the road  to Atlanta, to Savannah and the flank and roar  of Lee's position in Virginia. As a sound soldier  Lee knew that while the South might delay this  consummation by desperate resist anee it could  not possibly hope to defeat it with 'Chat tanooga  securely in our possession, as hnvknew it'would  he the moment (*rant joined his ''Vickshurg army  to that of Roseerans, From humane motives  Lee desired to save the south a wanton, useless  waste of piecious blood and .treasure, and he and  all bis leading lieutenants, by the testimony., of  Longstreet, agreed in the opinion t hat Lincoln's  terms of peace after (iettysl)urg,..wilh payment  for -their slaves.-ought to -he.accepted. Davis  refused peace -on any terms short of independence, so Lee was compelled to tight useless battles tor- 20 months longer.  Lee's    judgment    that  Chattanooga   was   the  only pity is that Lee did not enforce his sound  opinion of the situation by insisting upon his  resignation and the publication of his reasons  for his action. Had he done so, he would have  forced a peace. Peace after Gettysburg and  Vickshurg, which both Lincoln and Lee pleaded  for, would have saved the nation the fearful carnage of the two great battles for Chattanooga;  saved it the terrible losses of that awful battle  summer of 1864, ���������\vhen from May to October the  thirsty soil of Virginia^sd Georgia was daily  wet with the blood M JiAbrave that never  ought to have been sl^ejif TJhe dread responsibility of that awful' summerM sickening slaughter /does not relt upon Lancoln, who" offered  pea.ee; nor upon Lee, who wished to accept it;  but upon Davis, who rejected it. >   ���������_  I  b  w  ibsition of vital consequence was proved hy the  irilliant audacity, born of desperation, with,  ivhi'ch he robbed bis own weak army of 15,000  men and sent them, under Longst roet, to win a  battle,-whose prize* was Chattanooga, before  Grant's army could join Rosecrans. Lee won  tlie hat tie by this brilliant movement, but Bragg  and Davis between them threw away its fruits,  and the last hope of t he Confederacy was gone  with that last opportunity. The war on the  part of Davis after loss of Chattanooga was mur ���������  der, because it was hopeless, as Lee knew and  wrote and as Longstreot. bluntly told Davis to  his fac^e in October, 1803, after Chiekaniauga's  fruits had  been frittered away by Bragg.    The  i The Davis Will-Case Jury Disagree.  i After being out several days, the jury in the  j Davis will-case at Butte, Moutaita. were dis-  ! charged by judge MoETattoh, they failing to  agree on a verdict. The members of the jury  refuse to tell how they stood, but it has leaked  out that 7 favored the contestants (the Helena  heirs  and  5 the Butte heirs.    The Anaconda  ���������'Standard says: "Now that the case is over, it  may not beamiss or wrong to state that since  the'conclusion of the testimony and arguments  a strong popular feeling has prevailed in favor  of the contestants. A general belief is prevalent  that the alleged will of 1806 had no existance  prior to the "death of judge Davis, or if it existed at all, it was replaced hy another will of a  more subsequent date. Especially is this the  opinion of those who knew the dead millionaire.  They scout the idea that a man of his business  taefand shrewdness would make a will as was  alleged by the Iowa witnesses of peculiar memories, and allow it to remain during all the years  he was alive in the custody of some backwoodsman. Then, too, the fact "that the will was not  discovered until the time filleged, and the fact  that "John A. Davis did not tell where or how he  obtained possession of the will, and the further  fact that Eddy was not placed on the stand, all  have a tendency to control opinion, and this  opinion, as already stated, is anything but favorable to t be But te heirs. It is impossible to state  when the case will be called up again, although  attempts were made to obtain an expression  from the court relative to the matter."  Tlie Quebec Bomller* Resisting investigation*  Matteis have reached a crisis in Quebec over  the Bate des Chaleurs railroad scandal and a  serious split has occurred in the cabinet. Lieutenant-governor Angers desires that a royal  commission' of judges be appointed to investigate the charges against the ministers. In this  view he is supported by the commissioner of  public works and the president of the council.  The attorney-general, provincial secretary, and  commissioner of crown lands oppose this view  and are determined to fight. Arthur Boyer, the  other member of the cabinet, has resignedv>but  his resignat ion has not been accepted. The fight  promises to he lively and will probably be carried to the legislature.  CANADA COMPARED WITH  PENNSYLVANIA.  The San Francisco lExa miner says :* "The Cana^  dians are disturbed hy their census returns, and  with reason. They take their census a year after  ours.    As compared with the 65,000,000 people  that we should haveshown if an accurate enum^  eration had been made, this sunup er they have   <  4,823,344. They like t������ class themselves with,  the United States, but the, returns show that  they are of less importance than the single state  of Pennsylvania,"not to speak of New York;  Out of curiosity, let us take Pennsylvania and  compare its repent growth with that of Canada;  In 1870 the population of Pennsylvania was  3,521,951, while that of Canada in 1871 was 3,68Q;-  596. By 1880 Pennsylvania had grown to 4,282,-  891, while in 1881 Canada had 4,324,810;/ In 1890 V  Pennsylvania counted up 5,258,014 inhahitatits.l  but in 1891 Canada musters Only 4,823,344;  Within the last 10 years the state has overtaken  the; Dominion'and gone over 400,000 ahead.  When the detailed figures are available it will  be found that Pennsylvania is even further  ahead in wealth, manufactures, commerce, aud  all the other elements of national power than  she is in population. And yet Pennsylvania; is  by no means one of our most rapidly growing  states. It is found that the increase of population in Canada during the last 10 years has  been less than the actual immigration. It  is known thajf Canadians- especially French  Canadians, ha#e large families. What become^;  of the youn^men? They come to the United'  States. W^rile politicians are protesting that  annexation is impossible the best part of Canada  is already annexed. It has annexed itself. It  has come over bodily and lives among us. Undoubtedly at least a*fourth, and perhaps a third,  of all living persons of Canadian birth are to be  found in the United States. There were 716,957  of them among us in 1880, and they have been ^  coming at the rate of from 50,000 to 100,000 a  year ever since. There are probably not over  4,000,000 such living in Canada. With her vast  extent of thinly settled land Canada ought to  grow" much faster than the United States. And  yet if she had-grown only as fast during the last  lO years she would have over 6,000,000 people  this year instead of 4,823,344. If hergrowthjiad  kept pace with that of the United States during  the last 20 years she would now have over 7,000,-  000. The stagnation of the country, coupled  with the revelations of political corruption, will  give the voters of Canada something to think  about. When they have t hought long -enough  they may decide that it is time for.a change."  Deep Shafts.  The deepest mining shaft in Australia is the  George Lansel, No. 180, Sandhurst, which has  reached 3640 feet, o_r_ exactly half a mile from  the surface."- The last reef passed through was  2600 feet, and from indications it is believed that  it will prove both a large and valuable lode.  Sinking has for the present been discontinued.  The deepest perpendicular shaft in this country  ���������in fact in the world���������is the combination shaft  on the Yellow Jacket mine at Virginia, Nevada,  which is 3300 feet in depth. HOT SPRINGS NEWS:  AINSWOETH, B. 0., SEPTEMBER 19. 189L  j������  GIEGERICH  Having Purchased the Stocks Carried by  The Lindsay Mercantile Co.  ���������       and Fletcher & Co.  is prepared to supply Prospectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with  everything in the line of ,  MINING AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,  Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Tinware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.  be sold at Low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  The stock carried will  ^GKEZETT  FOE   O-T A T>TT  ^CD'V^TJDJUTl   COMPACT.  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  Comer: Wright and Sutton Streets,  (In building lately occupied by Fletcher *t Co.)  LOCAL   AND   PERSONAL.  W. W. Sprague, accompanied by his wife and daughter,  left Ainsworth this week for Tacoma. Mr. Sprague intended to return in about 2 weeks.  Kev. mr. Turner of the Methodist persuasion is erecting  a eh arch at Ainsworth, The building is on a lot fronting  the wagon road to the Krao and other mines.  Robert Jackson has abandoned his location that included the Dellie claim, within4ts boundaries.  Messrs. Ash worth and Jevons, although both bachelors,  are erecting a handsome residence on the lake front, north  -of A. D. Wheelerfe. ,  G; B. Nagle and his gang of trail builders are down from'  ^the Laixleaux,,leaving completed the job on which they  "were employed. It is now in order for the soreheads and  cranks who wish to make themselves solid with mr. Fitz-  st-ubbs to denounce mr. Nagle as "crazy" and the work  done under his direction, not only poorly done but done expensively.  The agent of the townsite states that its owners are only  too willing to make an arrangement with the people for  waterworks, but as yet no definite proposition has been  made by anyone who meant business.  The applicants for the land at the mouth of Schroder  creek will have it surveyed at once, A. F. Cotton, a surveyor  from the coast, having been employed to do the work. It  will not be platted into town lots until the worth of the  prospects at the head of the creek is known.  A pretty good story is told on Jack Hennessy by the boys  who work at the Number One mine. They say Jack never  saw a telephone until he saw the one at the Number One,  and is as ignorant of the effect of a current of electricity on  the mechanism of a "phone" as is the president of the company. The other day, on putting the receiver to his ear for  the first time, the crackling noise made by a defective battery in the central office at Green's store alarmed him, and  he rushed from the room shouting, "Boys! Boys! Green's  store is afire! He started clown the mountain on a dead  run, and was at the store, 4. miles distant, in 25 minutes,  only to find, that establishment standing as when he last  sawit. ��������� '���������' v ���������'   ','     ...    :'   "'v ������������������,���������'   /���������.���������/. \  Lost Their Bearings.  Last week two well-known residents of Ainsworth took a ran down to Nelson, making the  trip on the Galena. They lingered too long  over a good dinner, and the Galena steamed  away on  her return without them.    Having a  pressing engagement, they chartered a.."tramp"  steamer that plys on the lake and started from  Nelson in time to reach Balfour by dusk. After  partaking of refreshments at that port, the little  steamer was headed for Ainsworth. Somehow  the engineer could not keep steam up, and the  boat lost steerage-way arid  drifted  ashore  in  Queen's bay. The passengers suggested that a  larger supply of wood would have a good effect  on the steam-gauge, and they were told to go  ahead and cut it. This they willingly did, although it took'fully 2 hours1 time. On getting  the wood aboard, the passengers found both  the engineer and captain asleep. Believing t hey  could run the steamer alone, one of the passengers said he would "fire" if the other would  "steer." They took the positions agreed on ���������  and at daylight found themselves, not at the  Ainsworth wharf, but hack af Balfour, the place  thev had left 12 hours before.  MINERAL CLAIMS  KKCOIEDKI* AND TKAXHFERRKI*  Furniture^ and Piaiios!  Jas. McDonald & Co.  NelMon and  Kevelatokc,  I   carry full lines of all kinds of furniture for residence*,  hotels, and offices.   Mattresses made to order, and  at prices lower than eastern and coast.  They are also agents for  Evans Pianos and Doherty Organs.  NELSON   STORE :  No. 4 Houston A Ink Bnllding, Josephine Street.  T. A.  IVIMLJLS^  .   ���������-.. 'PIONEER."'  SIGN WRITER,  PAINTER  AND  DECORATOR.  Address:   Nelson Hotel.  "   LEAN &Pw  Plasterers and Bricklayers  Will Contract for all Kinds of Work.  Materials furnished and estimates given on application.  Agents for the sale of XIME.  Address all communications.'to Nelson, B.C.  AT AINSWORTH. HOT SPRINGS DISTRICT.  Thursday, September 10th.���������The Tom and Jerry, situate  about 6 miles south of the town of Balfour, at the head of,  Six-Mile creek and about 1 mile south of the Pioneer; R.  S. Gallop and Thomas Proctor locators. The Half and  Half, situate about 6 miles south of the town of Balfour,  on the head of Six-Mile creek and being a*sbutherly extension of the Tom and Jerry; J. E. Stafk and Angus McOil-  loray locators. &���������>  Friday, September llth^The CHAT, situate about 8 miles  west of Kootenay Iftkc and about 1 railo north of the north  branch of Kaslo creek and adjoining the northwest corner������  of the Beaver; J. W. Maynard locator. The Forest, situate about 8 miles west of Kootenay lake on the north bank  of tho south branch of Schroder creek; J. W. Maynard locator. The Last Chance, situate about 6 miles west of  Kootenay lake, at the head of -the south branch of Schroder  creek, running parallel with and adjoining the west side,  line of the Forest; G. S. Cleveland, William Maulse, E. A.  Bielenberg locators. The Arizona, situate about 8 miles  west of Kootenay lake on Galena creek, about 1 mile southwest Of the south branch of Kaslo creek and being a southerly extension of the Mexico; William Maulse and E. A.  Bielenberg locator*.  Monday, September 14th.���������The Summit, situate about 4  miles west of Kootenay lake on the head of Falls creek; K.  A. Bielenberg, William Maulse, and G. S. Cleveland locators.  Two Trail* for the Ku.hIo Creek District.  Mr. Fitzstubbs, after consulting with his friends  at Ainsworth, derided to build 2 trails in the  Kaslo Creek district, and left on Thursday for  the scene of operations. One trail will go up  Kaslo creek to the discoveries on a*branch of the  south fork of the main creek, and the other will  go up Schroder creek to the claims at the head  of that creek. It; is understood the Sdhroder  creek claim owners have agreed to contribute  $200 in money and labor towards their trail.  Some 12 men were taken along, and although  more than that number of men had been employed on the wagon roads at Ainsworth, new  tools had to be purchased���������-the old tools not being  good enough to do brand new work on brand  new trails.        ���������___    ___________  A  Uuncbmau In  New Quartern.  T. G. Procter has faith enough in the agricultural possibilities of the lake country to build a  comfortable residence on the land opposite Balfour that he'acquired.from the Canadian Pacific  railway. Now that he is housed, he will try his  hand at farming in earnest in the spring.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  Wright Street,'  AINSWORTH.  IDIE-A-ZLIERS   IIST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  zr>T- :b.  Having bought the stock and book debts of the late firm of E. S. WILSON & CO., all parties having outstanding accounts  are requested to call and settle them as soon as possible.

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