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Hot Springs News May 4, 1892

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 ���������i.  KUMBE& 34.  AINSWORTH, BRITISH   COLUMBIA, WEDNESDAY,  MAY 4,  1892.  TEN CENTS.  THE    ti'UMIH IMOKKI'ST    l*ltO< ������SS.  The Denver Mining Industry and Tradesman  give the following account of tin* McArthur-  Forresf process of gold extraction that is attracting so much attention. ** The process is  based upon the fact that cyanogen is a solvent  for gold as generally found existing in ore,  which is supposed to be usually in a metallic  state. At the same time it is not a solvent of  the sulphides of base metals. By treating  Crushed ore with a solution of cyanogen, the*  gold in the ore is dissolved and leached out,  when it is piecipitated on very fine zinc shavings, and is washed oil* of these* by clean water.  Whether it will act on gold, which is chemically  combined with another metal ar metaloid, like  a telluride combination, is not definitely proven  to our satisfaction. The mode followed at the  test mill in this city is to crush the ore so it will  pass through a 10-meshsieve, when it is charged  into a vat, like the ordinary vat used in ehlori-  hation mills.    It is circular  in form, about two  feet in height, eight feet in diameter, with aflat  false bottom.    The cyanogen solution is intro-.  dueed at the bottom, underpressure, and forced  through the mass of on*, and drawn off at the  top, after which it is run through zinc shavings,  on which the gold is precipitated.    The solution  is   then   run   into tanks, and used over again,  after enough cyanogen has been added to it to  give a strength of one-half to 1 per cent", as may  be desired: s It requires from 0 to 10 hours' time  to leach out the gold.    Introducing.flic solution  at   the bottom of  the tank under  pressure appears to overcome the   usual  difficulty  experienced iu leaching ores.    The cyanogen solution,  is made by dissolving cyanide of potassium   in  water.    It   is   claimed   that   actual   experience  shows that the amount of cyanide of potassium  used will not exceed 3 pounds per ton of ore. No  roasting  ot   chlnridiziug   is  requited,   aud   the,  claim is made that   it   extracts 90 to 93 per cent,  of the gold contents  of  the  ore, and from 75 to  90   per  cent   of   lli������*  silver  contents.    Our own  laboratory tests show that it will at t tart 90 per  .cent, of the gold from a base sulphide, but is not  very successful in extracting' silver.-' The process   seems.-'very  simple,    but   there "'-"are. "some:  ������������������''chemical uiffieuliies in   it.   which are not insurmountable, but', are   not '������������������'-.such' as  can   he easily  ������������������'��������������������������� ������������������    ..   ��������� '��������� '���������'���������������������������'' '       ���������'"' ' '  *"  solved by one who is not a good'enough chemist  to know the'-.cause-"of- the* trouble. We have  never been able to get any .detailed/ accurate  statements of results of large tests 'ai'the-company's.'mill in t his cil>7 Hy such statements vve  'mean the number of pounds treated in anyone  lot. lire analysis and: character of t he .ore; the  t iint* reqnit ed in/,I reatin'g it. percentage,V������f .gold'  and silver saved./the quantity of cyanide of  potassium lox!, t he quant i:y of zinc used per  ounce of gold recovered and the cost of each  ..'step'- in the process. We do. however, g*q  assurance thai l'iom 1)0 to. IU per cent, of the  gold is saved, olid we arc al-o assnte(| that the  ���������process.woi Us well on tollurido ores.  I������:t il    tor    I.ea.lo^E i no    Oivn.ers.  1 n the sham fight at. Pori.sm'outh. in honor of  the Kinperor William .an.advancing col tin in was  so affected -by t he funics of t he smokeball, which  wa.susedto raise a. cloud of impenetrable obscurity under which they could-,advance, that  tie* men ha.il' to keep  (heir   hands to their noses  to avoid siilVocation. It is now. proposed that  the smokeball-shall receive a further development.. It has occurred to some -military men  that instead of half-suffocating 1 heirown men.  it would be.better to..follow the example of the  Chinese pirates with their stinkpots and asphyxia! 'e the enemy.  A 'Vienna, scient ist has accordingly invented a  bomb.of such-power and virulence- that -every  one who is within a certain radius of it when il  explodes is rendered unconscious.     Devices -such  as these would soon modify the art of war, and  probably th** next development will he an anti-  asphyxiatiug bomb, whose fumes will neutralize those of the other, ft is said that many  years ago a scheme based on the throwing* of  poisonous gases over a tract of country was put  before the war office in England, for the purpose of devastating the country in the face of  an invading army, but the agency employed  was so terrible in its effects that it was not  made public, and was consigned to the secret  records of t Iiir^Vrfcr^t^re^s--  < l\WHl\    RAILWAYS.  The annual report of the department of railways and canals for 1S91, was laid before the  Dominion parliament. From it, it appears that  the number of railways, including the government roads in actual operation, (embracing  under one head all amalgamated lines) was 54.  The number of miles of railway in actual oper-  | ation is 13,256. The paid up capital amounted  :   to $786,417,811.    Tbe gross earnings of all these  railways amounted to $46,843,826, and their  i working expenses to $32,813,350, leaving the  amount of the net earnings $13,930,476. The  number of passengers carried was 12,821,262, and  20,787,169 tons of freight were conveyed over  these roads. The total number of miles run by  trains was 41,819,341,849,321.  With regard to the Canadian Pacific, railway,  as affecting British 'Columbia, the report refers  to the arbitration for, settling the question as to  the condition of that portion of the road, in  British Columbia handed over to the company,  and states: "The arbitrators have now,made  their award, and it was; furnished to the government in October, 1891. She amount fixed  thereby as payable by the government to the  company being $579,255, the amount named'by  the company having been $12,000,000. This  award in effect represents the value of the work  which the arbitrators hud . the .government  should have performed on the sections of the  road in British Columbia-constructed by it.  The amount so awarded is to he expended under  the supervision of an officer of the government  for the improvement of the railway in certain  specified directions. There remains still to be  dealt with by t he arbitrator, t Wo unimportant  claims "iii the i espeel of steel rails."  The report refers to theColiunbut & Kootenay  Railway & Navigation Company in the following terms: uThis road was ������������������incorporated by an  act of the British Coluinbi.i legislature, and was  /declared by a Dominion act of 1890 to he for the  general advantage of Canada. By an order in  ���������coiinet'I of August 20th, 1890, sanction, was,-gi'ven  to the lease of this railway for a term of 999  vears- to the Canadian Pacific .Railway. Coin-  'p.M'nyV who thereby undertook the construction  of the road, which runs frpin'the outlet of Kootenay lake through the Selkirk range to a point  ���������on tluj Columbia neat' the junction of t he Kootenay and Columbia rivers. A subsidy of $3200  a mile for a length of 25'miles was granted by  the Dominion government in 1890.: No. portion  of this subsidy was paid during the fiscal year,  but t he road .being 'practically completed, there  has been paid since that 'date the sum of $82., 000.  The actual ilistance is 27/ miles.  'EHHVreut   E8er;\  Tho.Sisserton'reservai ion was opened on April  '15. When the hiiglc sounded at noon, from  every conceivable spot bordering, on the reservation that could shelter man, horse, oi  wagon,  there sprang -a hord of lioiiie-seekers, and the  race for land began. Thei-e are now fully 5000  settlers in the reservation. Ida Burnett, who  giaduatod at the university of Minnesota, a  strikingly handsome girl, with a dash of Indian  blood, by (his time is m possesion of one of the  choicest quarter sections about the townsite.  She was the first on the held and behind the  fastest-steed obtainable. She staked out a claim  and at once went to work erecting a shanty.  PILOT   IM1.  The first thing one sees at Pilot Bay is  i wharf (it is all wharf at present) the next is dr.  Hendryx. If the wharf is everything the doctor is everywhere, busy and cheerful, on the  best of terms with himself, his men, and the  world in general. ** We have over 400 feet of  wharfage now, and there will be more when it  is completed," said the doctor* But if it is all  wharf now, it will not be so long. Men are busy  excavating a site for  a  concentrator   which,  along with the smelter site, will be levelled down  to the wharf and  the intervening space made  solid   with the rock and dirt taken out.   The  smelter or concentrator will lie immediately to*  the north of the wharf.    Dr. Hendryx does not  ^expect that either will be completed this summer.   Farther to the north on the, top of a slight  rise is the boarding-house which will  he completed aud occupied  within a week or two.   It-  is a model of its kind.   It contains a good sitting roonvmd reading room for the men, while'  it is fitted up with bath-rooms and other conveniences which do not always come the way of-  the workman in western towns.   lnaaddition tt>  the work being done on the wharf and boarding'  house dr. Hendryx has also two outfits at work,\  one burning charcoal and   the other making;  brick.    He-would  have bought  eyery ,brick, jn.  the Nelson brick yard had he been able to come,  to terms; hut_as hereon Id not, he looked around  on his own property and having found sand, in  one gully and clay in the next a train way was  fixed up on staging to connect the two and tijei  result is���������bricks. ��������� "    / *.V "  South of the smelter site lies tftVtpwtfcpf Pilot,  ,  Bav represented at present by a^staurant in a;.  tent  andtlie unfinished store of  the Galena  ���������  Trading   Company.   During   the last 6 weeks  about 50 acres of the townsite have been>qleared  and the timber converted into cord wood/ The  company mean to grade streets and lay down  sidewalks at once.    They will also doubtless sell  lots, but that  is  another story.    Some people  think that the whole talk of smelter, concentrator and sampling works is merely a scheme to  boom town lots.    But if that is so the smelting  company have gone to a great deal of unnecessary expense, and their having employed an expert for several months to estimate the ore producing capacities  of the whole Lake country  becomes  inexplicable. - A  visit  to  Pilot Bay  shows'at once that tjiere has been far more doing than talking in c(Uinection with the smelter.  So" if an y t hi n<j; is cert a i nit is that in d ue season  we shall   have  a'  whiff  of   smelter smoke on  Kootenay Lake,  'good inedicinefcjr the people  hert%' as dr. Hendryx would say.  .,'���������'" You are going to put in  a  plant to handle  lead ores?" a>ked our representalive.  "We are going to build the smelter so that it  can be enlarged'at'any'.'time, and as soon as we  are satisfied^hat  there is enough copper ore in  the ccvuiPfryto justify us we will put in plant to  .'treat it..."   ".       ' ' '���������.'"���������'��������� .."'��������� :     ,      ,  Of course��������� t.he/-question came up whether the  interests of the Lake country and of Nelson  were antagonistic..'..'.'*'The people of Nelson,"  said dr. Hendrvx, "are the most energetic in  the country.".. Thev have, built tip their town  and helped out t he country and .t hey deserve  <>ieat credit'; and thev should realise that what  helps Nelson helps Pilot Bay, and what helps  ���������Pilot Bay helps Nelson too, and so with every  point on*the Lake. But there's one thing.about  the-Nelson people, for one dollar they put into  mines thev put 10 into real estate." The suggestion that the: capital invested iu Nelson real estate bad 'not heen. .sufficiently large''to handle  mining on a big scale, was' niet"with.. "1 know  of between 4 -ind 5 millions of capital that went  into Nelson last summer and came out again.  ���������Itwa-n't looking for corner lots, though," onset ved the dr., slyly.  Wed, it is. coi'nfo'r'ting to the Nelsonites to  know that what attracted that,' capital is with  them si ill and looking more at tractive tban ever.  Some day the capital will come back and stay.  7 <M  -I  1  '*" 'J  1 <\?c , -  m  V*^l'7  U   J-������tf V       '  ..,'M1Mt  ''77*7/  ������������������il HOT SPRINGS NEWS:   AINSWORTH, B. 0., MAY 4, 1892.  i      \f7  1      ?   ttJ  "I  I  .1  THE HOT SPRINGS NEWS IS PUBLISHED ON WED-  nesdays, and will be matted to subscribers at the follow!tig  rates., payable in advance:   One year $4, six months S2.S0,  ; three months $1.50. Advertising rates given on application.  .'������������������No .communication or tetter 07'cr'an anonymous signature  wilt be printed^        BOGLE &> WHALLEV, Proprietors.  ftot Springs ileitis.  _j  THE    MINERAL    A C T.  The Mineral act has been,amended by attorney-general Davie, Many of the minor additions and alterations made have been on the  side of clearness and fairness. Our magnificent  and munificent government has reduced one  item in the scale of charges to which the prospector is subjected from $1.00 to 25 cents, but  lest he should think himself favored over highly  it has been agreed to charge him 25 cents for  every copy of the Mineral act he requires. We  congratulate inr., Gifiin and inr. Lendrum on  their entering the retail stationery and periodical line. Mineral acts may be described as periodicals in this country, we should think.  There are three  main  alterations in the act.  The first does away with extralateral rights, t he  second alters the method of, staking and allows  1500 ft. square to be located, and the third requires  the prospector to complete $11,10 wotth of work  before he can stake-more (han't wo claims in one  mining division.   The last of these is a step in  the right,direction.    It does away with snow  locations  aud  wildcats, and   is a stimulus to  development  work.    But   as   to  extralateral  rights attorney-general Davie has very boldly  qut  the Grordian knot which American juris-  prudence has been trying to untie for t helast 30  vears.    He would deny extralateral  rights to  anyone.    But extralateral rights are inherent in  the very nature of mining.    A prospector does  not discover a ranch, but a lode.    He claims a  right not to the surface of the ground but to the  lode he  has discovered, wherever it may lead  him.    And a miner can  never be compensated  by anv amount of acreage for the denial of his  right to follow his lode.    Of course this change  is meant as an attempt to get rid of the litga-  tion to which extralateral  rights  have so fre-  -quo.ntly  given  rise.     But   it shows   no   great  legal acq men on   the part of attorney-general  Davie to /imagine that, w hero the rights \oi ���������'individuals.: become delicate of adjustment  and apt  to conflict, the best way our of the .-.difficulty is  to deny them altogether. And it certainly shows  great ignorance cVfiiiining if he thinks that surface and   extralateral   rights   ate convertible  terms,- and that if tire latter are taken away t be  loss niay be supplied by an extra  allowance of  the former.    ..  MINING  IS   A   BUSINESS.  There is a general  impression  that the results  of mining are very uncertain and the business a  very hazardous one.    This   is   true   in part, and  in part only.    It   has   been   remarkably   true in  tbe mining  operations   in   America   since  1811),  when men of ail-professions and'men of no pror  lessions, men wb.o'were qualified to do well h\ all  the business pursuits of life and men .who could  never do   w (41   in. any  pursuit." as- well as men  who never had anv busme-s,  rushed to the gold  regions of California.    Men' of the same classes  have since been leaving the  pursuits .for. which  t bey were qualified and .going-tu the mining' regions.of. Colorado.   Montana,   Wyoming,   l.'tah.  Arizona.  Idaho and   British Columbia. ..and en-  gagiitg in mining.  Many of thi> great muliii'ude  have made'fortunes.      A few have become millionaires, but a great   ma iv have made  a living  only.   ' The causes of these failures are   such   as   j  /would cause failures in all business persuits,  and such as all good business men would expect  and predict. Hence, while mines have yielded  enough tomake people rich and to stimulate  the prosperiiy of a whole country, some have  failed to inake the fortunes which thev had  'hoped in this hew and to them untried business.  The,causes <if these failures are not the fault of  the mines, but of those who engage in mining  wutbtHitvinderstaiiding the business.  First --Mining requires more science, skill and  experience than any Other business. Yet men  who have no skill, no science and no experience  in mining, come to a mineral country, buy a  prospect, erect,a mill, dig out some ore and  pound out a part of the gold; but the bullion  cannot meet the expenses, and it soon appears  they do not know a mine from a badger's hole  ���������know nothing about taking out ore and noth-  ing about running a quartz mill.  Second-���������The men who furnish the money  often give such instructions to their superintendents'as to embarrass their operations or make  them a total failure. They most usually urge  the erection of a mill or furnace before they have  discovered enough ore to run it, and have so  tested its qualities as to determine what kind of  a mill or furnace is heeded for working it.  c  Third���������They send out a mill which is not at  all the kind needed for the ore.  Fourth-���������Thev order shafts sunk and tunnels  run where they will be a dead loss.  Fifth���������They have a propensity to change their  superintendent every year, especially when the  dividends are not satisfactory. In this wav thev  get had managers, and even if they get good  ones, their instructions often prevent the sue-  cess they most desire.  In short, the failures in mining are the results  of causes which would produce failures in any  department flf business, and it still remains true  that there is no more uncertainty in the profits  of legitimate mining in the hands of good miners than there is in most other business pui\>uits.  uivi:iml ������Lims iti:<oitoi:!> ami tuansi i:niti:n  The Nelson Exchange^  W.tKik   KTKKKT.  Mining STOCKS and PE0PEETIES Negotiated.  Order* Ttillt'ii f������������r C'oloratlo< Stock*'..  ��������� '������������������'������������������v'FOK' HALE. ' :. / _ /'';���������'-  A fractional extension of the "dllic." which is an extension of the"Dandy."  ���������/"���������:::,'.: ;l������feAN ^���������'rPArtktofr; ��������� ���������':;������������������ -^  Plasterers and Bricklayers  Will contract for all kinds of work, materials furnished  and estimates given i������r work in any town  iu Kootenay Luke count ia>.  :h,i:m::e wo^t &j^jl,^z  nt Nel-on and Pilot  Hay or delivered ut any point on the  lake in any sized quantities.    Address P. O. hox 47, Nelson.  R. C. Campbell-Johnston  (of Swansea, India, and the Cnded States.}  METALLURGIST,   ASSAYER,  AND   MINING   ENGINEER.  Properties-reported <>��������������� All usmivs undertaken. Knr-  naecs and eoncentrating plants planned and erected.  Treatment for ores given. Ores bought and sold. Box  731. Vancouver. H. C.   Terms vaah.  ~ 1Tj."mowat & CO.  Contractors and Builders,  SEASONED   LUMBER  nlwwyx on tin nil for storo lining--., iloskn, titblox, clo.  Will conn-act to iToc.i nil kind.-, of builtlmnsnixl icuanintue  Kiuisfiictiou.   Shop: corner Josopliino anil Hint!" st.������.  ARTHUR   E.   HODGINS,  (A. M. Can. S<5c. C. K.)  CIVIL ENGINEER AND AE0HITE0T,  i J)  TOLSON   fill Mil \<;  if .  \ 1.1 SON. B. ������\  AT  AINSWORTH,  HOT SPKlXOiS  DISTItlCT.  Tuesday. May 3rd.���������Flank A. Wells to dr. W. A. Hen  dryx, all his interest in  the (jalcoudu,  situated  in   lien-  dryx's.earnp.,  Consideration. ^2ol).  H. McLeod to E.���������.'!.). Ainswort I), of o.ne-third. interest, in  the Hector, situated in Hot Spring.+eanip. ��������� .Consideration,'  ������000,,   '���������       '    "       '._;      .  '" ��������� ��������� ..'.ASSKSSMKNT WORK; lt-KC01M)KI)... ,  May 2tuL -Ileconl in favor of -..Lorenzo- Alexander of a  eerriricate of expenditure of $500 on tlie Minula, situated  in Hot 8pring* ca'np.  Record in favor of 1 v. McLeod of a certificate of cxpen-  duurc of ^100 -on the Coeoola, situated in Hot .^prin^s  camp.'' .-���������','', .'.-. .-'���������'������������������  : 7  Itee'ord iii favor of G. W. Adrian of a ccrtiticaU;of expenditure of $300 oit tlie (icneral  Crant,  situated   in  t lie  P  Hoi Springs camp.  FOR SALE.  "A half interest in th bar of .the Ainsworth house at .A ins-  wort h and the whole of the fnrn.il u re, <t<'., of -that hotel is  for sale, including f)0'cords-of woo'rl, 1;"> tonsof ice. and'lou  :ch'i<'.keus.' The iiotel has Hi t������t(l-roon.s and is diiing a lnisi-'  n'ess of $.7.) a day ; the bar is <toinj; a husiiic.^s of .s.no a <l;i> .  Price, ^210<l cash. Apply to T-honias Trencry on i.he pr������.;iu.-  isc.*, or to Houston iS: Ink.-Nd-son.'���������  Jtik tvv_>������_trdL J���������u xijt\~/ jl -  Plans furnished on application and estimates given free.  We.-t   Haker street, end of bridge.  WM.   H. WHITTAKER,  Barrister at  Law,  Solicitor,   Notary  Public, Etc.  Otliee. Victoria street.  Kamloops, H. ('.  J. H. BOWES,  LAWYER,  NTITAUY I'l'IiUO.  XK1.SON..   -;.  ;.''.::^F^M^':Mc^e^r:&A,:  Notary Public, Etc.  Law Olihe:   'ltooiu (������,.Tolson  Itlock.  ;  E. C. ARTHURy  ���������'Physician,..'Surgeon,' and Accoucheur,  Tih -phone t.">, ( Hlice!   Stanley and  Yiclur-ia Streets  TOLSOKS PLOCKl  'XLLSOK, '.H."''t'.;  M. D.  FOR SALE.  The'undcrsighcd oilers for sale an undis i<I<-11 one half in  t-eresl in the Nelson brick yard, w it.h or wit houl  the brick  now manufactured. N. lJO<������\'LIL  Nelson. H. C., April 22nd. I.SU2,. ���������  HAY FOR SALE.  The undersigiied has about7'������(l tons of line bale<l  hay fur  sale at Staa ton, f. o. h. stcamhoal, at cusiom house landing;  J. C.  IJYKKUT .HI.  lvcfutenay Lake Custom-jlousc.'April Itlh, |S.i2.  APPLICATION   FOR   CROWN   GRANT.  Noli:-e is hereby given r li.it W. _M. Walla.ce, ���������.[< agenl fur  the Neosho Mining Company (l-'ureigni, has lilcd the neees  sary papers and innOe applica.ion for-a i-niwn urani m  fa\ or of t he'mineral claim know n as ( he "NVnslm." sit oab-  in Ainsworth mining di\ isiun of Wc>i Kooi cna> ' disi rie| 7  Adverse claimants.-if any, will forward their ob,ee.| ions  wit bin hit days from dale of jMiblieat.ion.  N. !4"l I /S 1 I   |',|{s, gold <'iiiijiiii.-.sk<ii!-r  Nelson, U. C March PMhf( IS'.i2.  J. R. WILLIAMS,  Liceniiiilc <d' t he I Joy a. 1' t 'ollcge of Tby>ieians of L������tndon';  Member of .the Uo\al CoSlcgv.of Surgeon^'of Lngland.  . C<iriicr Silica and-Ward-St.reets, Nclsoit. Telephone 10.  FRANK B. HARPER,  NKLSON. U. (*.  TEACHER   OF   THE  VIOLIN..  Music furnished for all occasions.  APPLICATION   FOR   TIMBER   LEASE.  . No) jee is hereby'given that MO day ���������< afu-r date .1 intend to  a)������pl\ Corn special, license to-'cut. tmil'icr on. the following  described tract of 'land.,' Commencing, at a post "������i the  s������ai(ji shore of I he west arm of Konienay lake. o)i]tosil ������*  III*' Hal four house, then e south bit eha ins. t hcllee cast lOO  chains niori" or less lo the shore of Koo!cna> la ke. 1 Ik'Jkc  noi*i her!>' it nd west erh alonv; t he -horo line.of l lie lake and  \n est arm to (he point of commencement .:containing <UKI.  acres more or less. Kl>  I i .\ It'll.  Pjill'our. .\]������ril 2nd. 1S������,I2. HOT SPBIMGS NEWS:  AEJSWORTH, B. C, MAY 4, 1892.  PILOT  This Townsite is now being cleared and surveyed, and will be placed on the  market as early in June as the work can be completed.  MR. W. M. NEWTON  WILL ACT AS RESIDENT AGENT.  JOSHUA DAVIES.  1 *  U ;  >-<*  ���������'f ?>%  ^  i������ostofh4i: no its*:*  is  iom>o\.  The post office horses  its  mails hy contract  with Macnamnra, who has had the work ever  since 1837,    They have 600 horses engaged in the  work.     Forty-two   horses  work  the  Brighton  Parcels Post, and 26 the Tun bridge  Wells and  Watford.   The post office horse is liable to constant service from   i o'clock on  Sunday afternoon to ]0:3(Knii  Sunday morning, and he only  has 5 and a half hours' unbroken rest.   While  the omnibus horse is worn out in 5 years, and  the train horse in 4, the post office horse lasts 0;  the brewer's works from 0 to 7, messrs. Barclay  and Perk i ns 7 and a half, while the vestry hor������e  lusts 8 years.  The post office horse costs ������36, the  vestry horse ������75, and the brewer's at least ������90 a  piece. Incidentally it is mentioned that, in chopping the straw for post office horses, the knives  require, renewing every 20 'minutes., Tbe post  office mail cart  has  10 different  coats of paint  and varnish before it is sent  out.    What may  be called the municipal horses of London number" 1500; they average 17 hundredweight, begin  work at 0 and last 14 years. * The tirst indispensable requisite tit a municipal horse is an ability  to back as readily as he advances, and'to back  while keeping his legs in, otherwise be will have  his feet run Over.    They are bought, at ������75 at 6  years old, and sold at 14  for ������8.    The price of  the cart-horse tends so constantly to rise that  mr.  Wainwright, who paid  2500 gs.   for Bury  Victory Chief, an old Shire stallion, expects to  get his money back in three seasons.    Tbe  vestry horse has his Sunday's  rest complete.    He  begins work at (5 and is about 11 hours on the  road,-'bringing in about 2 or 3 loads in that time.  He costs '.''about 10s.   a   week   to feed^ and consumes about  10 lb.   of hay.   straw,   clover,   and  oats in the day.    He breakfasis at 3 o'clock in  the -morning and iiiiishesup oil Saturday night  With a bran mash.    The  large London ���������brewers"  own 3CXX) horses,, which are w ort It over a quart er  of a million sterling, and weigh about 3CKJ0 tons.  The brewer's horse is the direct  descendant of  ��������� the great war horse of the armored' kuiglits. and  each one of theni could  well  carry   I  hundred-  wei irb t u pon his  I jack;    The  .brewer's horses ��������� fio  5 miles an hour, and do it to 10  In airs'   work 0  days  'in'--the  week.    Hoare's  only   work   their  jAorses 5 days a week, and no horse is allowed to  he out 10 hours without being examined hy the  horse-keeper.     'there   is" not   a   horse -in., their'  stables weighing less than 10 hundredweight, or  Vtandiiig less t ban 17 hands high. The t borough-;  bred race horse increases a band in height every  century.    I n 1700 he  was  13 hands  high,   now  :he. stands lo.hantls. and a  half ; at   this rate be  will be as tall as a giiatVe before  very long.     It  is comforting to.-learn  that,  the  larger a horse  g������d s the bet ter- temper he   has,   as   a rule.    The  brewer's horse costs   ISs.  a   week   to  feed, and  after he is thoroughly pa<t   work and doni- up,  be   is exported "t-o (ierma-uy .and mad<v up iiuo  sausatres, and then sent back to be consumed.by-,  the Brit ish public as (hm man sausage.  They'd   iivt    There   .Inst   the   Same.  Miners and prospectors, instead of following  the round-about course of 'exchanging the price  of a irold prospect for whiskey, should visit  (jrea-t Falls, Montana, and take a great big horn  of the stream-which issues from the (odd-Bug  mine,-the water of which is said to contain bichloride ,>f gold, and to cure the'taste for liquor.  In either case thev would be drinking gold.  KASLO CITY  One of the best points for investment in the Kootenay  Lake country.  BUY EARLY  ' Q  n order to obtain the full benefit of the coming  eason's  rise in values.  LCTS  AT  REASONABLE   PRICES  and on the host terms can be had of C. HAMBER; West  Baker street. Nelson, duly authorized Nelson agent for the  Kaslo-Kootenay Land Company, Limited.  Ho! For the Slocan Mines!  The undersigned is prepared to pack supplies for mine  owners, miners, and prospectors  FROM   KASLO   CITY  "TO THE SL00A2T MINES,    :.:..' -  1 , , <.  and to the mines on the headwaters and tributaries of  Kaslo and Schroder creeks. 'Saddle horses will at all times  be in readiness for travelers bound for the eldorados tribu-.  tarv to Kaslo City. All orders left at Green Brothers'  stores at Kaslo City, and Ainsworth will receive prompt  attention. HUGH McLEOD.  Kaslo City, B. C, December 10th, 1891.  LDORADO CITY  Slocan Like at mouth of Carpenter  ���������'"..���������':.��������� . Creek; '':������������������'������������������:���������-������������������ ���������:'���������,'.'. ���������'���������������������������,'��������� : :���������   ���������������������������.-  : .<>  - ."���������; Dealers in " .���������  GENERAL   MERCHANDISE  AND   MINERS'   SUPPLIES.  There is no need of prospectors or others hound for the  Slocan district bringing in supplies., Our stock.Iscomplete and will be sold at reasonable prices. Kldorado City  is-not a boom townsite. but is situate within 5 to U miles of  all the mines so far discovered in Slocan district, and is  easily accessible from Nelson either summer or winter,  being distant but GO miles.  LOG  The KASIKST and QU ICKESTllOU't E in to  the SLOCAN   MINKS'is by  way of   KASLO  'CITY.- I ������ack and saddle horses for the convey-  ���������'���������ance of parties ami supplies'will'be always on  haiid. as soon as it is possible to reach that district in tlie spring,  BREMNER '.& WATSON  Notice is liercbv given that assessed and provincial revenue taxes, for 18>2, arc now due and payable at myotnee,  Nelson. ' * ��������� H. GIl'MX  Nelson, February 13th. 18112. Assessor and ocl.lector^  AINSWORTH LAND & IMPROVEMENT CO.  Vll purchasers of lots in Ainsworth, who have not yet  received their deeds, can get. the same by applying to the  undersigned. Any payments which are'JtU duo on contracts for lots can be made to- o. li.  WKluill,  Ainsworth, April 7th, 1SD2. Managing director.  HOUSE.  t ^ n  ���������}>   .     > t  1      i ���������������     ������ 'vrj*  -^���������v -i" -,-vastest  .  " i'   -      ^<$"W  '.!> 7 i>\ ^  A. A. McHNNON, Proprietor.  AINSWORTH.  Reopened for tl^ e sojison of 1892.   Refitted and.refurnished, X/j ^ 7^  throughout.  Strictly tirst-class in all its appointments. 7,    * ^1|S  ,rr  BREMNER & WATSON,  '-7 1   ^"W  7 'j^ft'  AIN^VORTII, K. ���������.  PACK AND SADDLE HORSES   "  "S  ;'-';" ' .'-FOR: HIRE..'. \ v7^'7;%^|^  Contracts taken for  to and from  ALL TEAMING  WORK  UNDERTAKEN^  ,      'j W ' ' ' .V'^j 'V"! -wife v^s  Agents   for   Wuvlefc-Saywanl    SaMintll   Company** ""jgVf^m  Lumber,  Holdings, and  Shingles. K">'^*'  Telephone, 96.  Henry Anderson,  Notary Public.  John L. RetAIlack.  Anderson & Retallack,  Eeal Estate and Mining Brokers,  GonveyancersV Etc.  Crown Grants obtained^ for'���������.Mineral Claims-  Agents for Absentee Claim Owners.  Collections Madcw  Correspondence SolieUeii.  Office-in Townsite office. Suttoh street, Ainsworth, B, C.  \  . ���������?������$ dd  ;  7,V,  i\  Gontractors and Builders.  AINSWORTH, B. C.  The "above firm will contract for all kinds of carpenter  work. Plans and specifications furnished on short notice.  All kinds of mining and mill work attended to.   ~HENRY~&~ ADAMS,  PIONEER  AlXSnOBTIL   15. C.  Drugs and Medicines, Wall Paper, Paints and Oils,  Tobacco and Cigars, Fishing laekle,  Stationery, etc.  A. STOLBERG,  ASSAYER and CHEMIST,  AINSWORTH, BO.  Is prepared to assav all kinds of ore.   Copper assay by elee-  trolvsis.   All orders will receive prompt attention.  Next door to Ainsworth hotel. HOT SPBDJGS NEWS:   AINSWORTH,  B. 0., MAY I, 1892.  GIEGERICH  j  Having Purchased the Stocks CarrieeLby  The Lindsay Mercantile Co.  and Fletcher & Go.  is urepared to supply Prospectors, Mining Companies, and the General Trade with  everything in the line of  MINING AND MINERS' SUPPLIES,  Groceries, Provisions, Hardware, Tinware, Clothing, Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes, etc.   The stock carried will  be sold at Low Prices and on Favorable Terms.  -A-G-ehstt foe gkjlajstt zpo^widieir, coiivniE^isrir.  (The best powder made for use in mines.)  r  Corner Wright and Sutton  a?EJX,sp>s:oisrE 55-  OBTH.  '. i'  AXOTIIER   FL1EK.  The "Ainsworth" was launched on Tuesday afternoon. Owing to a rope breaking, the stern  started down the ways before the bow, tearing  away the guide-ways. The result was the boat  struck the water first on her starboard quarter  and the bow left the ways and took the ground  about 10 feet from the stern. The Galena, however, after 1 or 2 attempts was successful in towing her off, without damage.  i . *,��������� ���������    ..-    . rr, i  The Skyline.  A. AV. McCune and mr. Hand, a noted Butte  expert, have been visiting the camp inspecting  the various interests of the former gentleman.  It is understood that mr. McCune and partners  have decided to remove the pumping and hoisting plant from the Krao to the Skyline, the  present machinery on the latter mine being insufficient for the amoimt of work to be carried  on. "The wagon road to the Skyline will he  completed as early as possible and a shipment of  ore will then be made to determine the most  economical method of treating the ore. On this  being known machinery will at once be placed,  and the Skyline will take its p.ace as a producer.  Mackiitcry Tor the .Veosho.  Mike'Wallace, the resident superintendent of  the Neosho Mining Company, is at present looking out the most practicable route for a wagon  wroad to the company's property. As soon as  the snow permits, mr. Wallace will put a force  of men on to construct a road from the main  road in the vicinity of the Tenderfoot mine to  the Neosho. On completion of this work, hoisting and pumping machinery will be at once  placed in position in the mine and development  work actively prosecuted.  Placer Grounds on (lie Lnrrieaux.  George Hall, the pioneer prospector of Duncan  river, paid Ainsworth a visit on Monday.    It is  -.-understood that -inr.-Hall has-been verv success-  fill with his placer ground on that river, having  cleaned up from $10 to $12'per day  during low  water last fall. Mr. Hall predicts tha in the  near future placer mining will be extensively  earned on in the tributaries of the ljameaux,  and also gives it as his opinion���������-founded on his  observations of the hist twelve year -thar an  extensive gold belt exists iu that region,  small \i<;������;*:is of  sews.  Graham & Hall, of Butte, Montana, have put  a force of men on the Josephine claim, near the  Tain O'Santcr. ,  T. T. McL>od last weelytook a run up to the  Montezuma. He intends cutting a trail from  the forks of Kaslo creek to the mine.  H. S. Gray, John Cudahee, W. Winchester  and John Pound left Ainsworth last Fridav on  a general all-round prospecting trip up the Duncan river. They took 2 months* provisions along.  During April 80 miners' licences were sold in  Ainsworth. __     _       1  ������      <KEAH   OF   TI1K   WOKLI������*S    XKWS.  William Astor was buried in Paris April 28th. He lost  $70,000,000 by his death.  The Dominion Steamship Company hnve refused to carry  the Canadian 'mails.  Henry M. .Stanley will run as a Liberal-Th ion ist. for the  next English Parliament.  Italy has received $25,000 as compensation for the lynching of the New Orleans Mafia.  A series of trials at Spandau, in Germany, with a carbonic acid rifle reservoir has proved very successful. It is  announced that with one charge 300 shots can be tired.  At the beginning of the week a heavy blizzard was blowing on the plains. At Calgary there is a foot of snow and  snow is also reported at Keveistoke. One through train  on the n an line was delayed 15 hours in the mountains.  A mr. Alland has, afier 20 years labor, discovered a  method of tempering red copper. He has sold his secret  to a rich American.  Silver for Five < cuts an Ounce.  Thomas Ogle, of Butte,  was connected   with  the Boston and Butte? smeller which was burned  out    a   few   weeks   ago.      " Tin*   low   price   of  silver.''he says, kiias caused some.of the mines  from which lower grade-ores are taken to stop  ���������hoisting ore,--bur still most of them are doing  ��������� development, ������������������ Silver could,be considerably lower  in price and still enable some of the mines to be  operated at a profit. Some of the Montana ores  can be reduced to silver at the rate of 10 cents  an ounce, and pockets of rich ore do not cost  even 5. But the mine-owners have been used to  get ting $1, and they fee! heart-broken when the  price of bullion falls below that/1  Wluif   Mill   flie   Trapper   |>������   Then,    Poor   Thing?  Robert Kilgere has a heaves; ranch in Baseoiii,  Georgia, and intends to establish another in the  northern section of St. Maurice.    }io has already^  bred 200 hen vets.  In necessary unci l!i*i������ort������itiitiiIike,  By section 3 of the order-in-rouneil of July IS,  1880, prescribing fishery regulations for the Province of British Columbia, it is stated that the  use of explosive materials to catch or kill fish is  prohibited ; and hy clause IS of chapter 05 of the  revised'statutes of Canada any infraction of the  fisheries regulations is punishable by fine, and  in default of payment, by imprisonment for not  more than one month and not less than eight  days. It mav nut be known that shooting fish-  is also illegal, nor is the use of spears, grappling  hooks, etc., allowed, except in certain cases under special licenses, which may be issued to Indians or Indian bands. Mr. Samuel Wihnot,  superintendent of fish culture, says that he considers the killing of fish by the use of explosives...  the most barbarous method known. As to  wind her the explosion kills or only stuns the  fish, he said therein no doubt that those fish in  the immediate vicinity of the explosion are instantly killed, and those at a greater distance  only stunned, but in many cases the shock is so  severe that those which partially recover from  the cited of being stunned aftei wards die. He  savs that the same effect can be produced bv a  large body of electricity discharged into the  water, ami that instances* have been known  wheie numbeisnf fish have been killed by lightning striking the water. An.v.wav t be use of ex-  plosives of any kind,whet her dynamite, powder  or aiiyt lung else, is strictly prohibited, and parties girilfy Vdsuelr practices can he punished on  detect ion.  Wright Street,  AINSWORTH.  Front Street,  KASLO  CITY.  mE^ILEIRS   I3ST  Miners' Supplies, Iron and Steel, Hardware, Groceries, Provisions, Boots and Shoes,  Dry Goods, Clothing, Men's-Furnishings, Etc., Etc.  Our branch store at Kaslo City is the place at which Prospectors and Miners bound for the Kaslo Creek  and Slocan Lake mines should purchase supples, in order to save transportation charges.  K ������8  V  ������������������|..*..,a  ���������������:  <��������� all


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