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The Hedley Gazette Sep 7, 1916

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 Tn,iriwTiT77ij;r"-''i~'r'.r''''~"^^  ;TJ>-^,l-'o';--'*-i-<ir  Volume-XII.      Number 34  VoAgSi  etnbly  ami- Iq  JflS. CLARKE  lA/atchmak������r  HEDLEY, B, C.  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  JTravel by Auto...  j     Call up Phone No. 12  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, SEPTEMBEK 7,  1916.  '"VI delightful  KEREMEOS ITEMS. ��������� *  All A good stock of Horses and  Rigs on  ii       Hund.    1l Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to,  WOOD    FOR   S A L EI  PALACE  MniJSwvery,- fw& & Sal6 Stables  B'./J'^'  Dr. McEwen of Hedloy was a  visitor in town Sunday.  Mr. Condit of the Horn Silver  mine was in towh Friday.  ���������  Mrs. McGuffle spent the week  end the guest  of Mrs.   Carmichael,  A few Pentictonites attended  tho mooting hold here Mondaay  evonitig.  Tho shock of ��������� an earthquake  was   felt-   here   early   Monday  in on tli with her  school chum, Mrs. D. McCallnin,  left for her home in California  Tuesday.        Miss      Crosby  is  $2.00, In Advance  TOWN AND DISTRICT  Rev.   Mi-.   Cameron   of Jvore-  offonsive   of  the   western front  is about, to be staged.  The  mouth  of the prophet is  . .       .~   upon ino, and "I predict  intense  ,.           ii-                 i      -4i ���������.-   ���������,                *i         ?                   T     -*.������.���������.,���������-.   -luj.   u'liiicton or Acre  very lavorably impressed with activity 111 aerial warfare, nam-                .. .,      . ...       ,  ,-,        - i,          ii     ��������� 1   i              1 1   1                       1-        -i      was a visitor m  town luosday.  the  valley; all wish to  see   her erons and daring zeppelm raids,                           #                                 J  back ,-igain, for by her cheerful-  submarine activity, violations of      Mrs; J- Muicrhqf tuid son are  ness she gained many,fiiends.      treaty  provisions never before  sPG11dii)g the week in Spokane.  Mrs. D. J. Taylor entertained   <-<-������> Lemplated  and the most tin-       Dave Henderson left Tuesday  a few of her friends  on Wed-, h(-ard-������i; atrocities perpetrated   to spend a   couple  of   weeks at  by the Germans.  .But, these are  the coast.  not only the signs of the actual      G. E.  and  Mrs.  French  and  beginnings of the end; they will  family returned from   a visit to  l-w:> f.i-������������a l.w.'*- ,.-������;---���������.--     '���������  morning.  Phono 12.  HKDLBY   B. p.  "d. j. innis'  Propi-letoi  u I j.ST. Tiioaips* n  'PUONK SBVMOUK 591S  MGR. WKSTKRN'.CANADA  nm ������������������* ~ -  gM']Cammell- Laird & Co. Ltd.  SteeJ Manufacturers  M>\ ��������� * -  m\l   . V Sheffield, Eng*. '  Offices and \yarphousc, 847-63 Boatty Street  Vancouver, B. C  A.  fi. <&  A. iyi.  WJ A ���������*--'  fc-Mll'^fGUf REGULAR monthly mooting*/of  K I (I )/V\ Hedloy Lodgo No. 13, A. F. & A. M.,  it''I J J i��������� -'��������� - ire. hold on the second Friday "in  {���������> ��������� Vi ("n-oh frfdrith inTnitei'iiity hall. Iledlcy. Visiting  ite-jf, (brethren are cordially invited to attend.  $M}!.{ . H..SHRQULB.   ;   ,   S. E. HAMILTQN      "  I    Jk <f'      ' "���������  .    '^' ^ ������ecrct|iry  a, i. uy, /HSsfw '   '���������*,-*c Rocu'nr    mcecint's of  $W }f'Y,^r*^w3H_ Hcdle'' Lutigo 1711 are hold on  B [|l\\f&W*p--~*Tl tho m"sfc ilntl third Monday in  KI ^,SL>-������������~ every month in" tho OrangoHaJt  * 'Z������w5bsSP? Ladies meet 2nd and 4 Mondays  -Visiting br'ctlicrn are cordially invited-  W. LONSDALE. W. M.  ^.^.''���������i^^'.^ec:.*;.'-  f*. p.'BRew^  British Columbia Land Surveyor  :nk Ne* ������7  ?ENTICTON,  {{. Q. pi<A\*,-p}{ lfjO  -      -       B.  C.  R W. GREGORY  ci*m iqi5*siNiii"r?R and British  k ^LUjyfBIA' L'A^NfD ^liRVEVOIt'"  ''Siri-Building*       -       Princeton  ������j.   Ej.   UA-pl*lt**4  Miss Day retiirned fo hov  home in Princeton on Saturday's train.  Mr. G. G. Keeler made a flying trip to 'Penticton on Sunday by auto.  Mr. 0. S! Brown returned  from a business visit to Grand  Fgrks on Tuesday.  IjUbnr day passeel oif yei'y  quietly here, there- being . no  celebration of any kind.  H. B. Smith of Qk-inagan,  Wash., passed the customs here  Friday on a touring trip up the  . L. W. Shatford, Conservative  candidate, passed through town  last week on his way up the  Hue.  Mi;, and Mrs. G. French and  family passed through here on  Saturday    on     their    way   to  u'    !   '" *.    i  Hedley.  M. Daly motored to Princer  tpn Moilfltiy ������V) bilshlOf-s, Morris is gutting to bo a first-class  motorrnan.  Mr. Prescot, principal of the  school, has rented the Fargo  houses and rnovod in with his  family. Sfitqiid^y,  Mrs. Brown returned home  on Monday from Vancouver  after spending  a,  month  i:isit  nesday aftcrnaon at her homo,  Cawston.    The  tea tables wore  arranged  on  the  lawn among  the  beautiful flowers.    Covers  were laid for fourteen.   Among  those  present  were Mrs. Lind������  say,  Mrs.-T,   Daly,   Mrs.   Carmichael,  Mrs.  J. J. Armstrong,  Mrs.    McCallum,     Mrs.    R.   C.  Clarke,    Mrs.    MeGuffie,    Mrs.  Shendan,    Mrs.    Wright,   Mrs,  Sau I tier,  Mrs. Ring, Mrs. Carle,  and    tilts    Misses   Crosby   and  Day.  mg \vitli her -sister..  tlfe    ^jJFytON & tiASKTNS      Mrs . wuuil wtluIluou .llK1 ls U1 ilospit.,  mi       ^-.'.-ja^aters, Solicitors, Etc. home from Vernon on  Sunday, not far from here.    Dan Dolle  ���������Yfiil      -Aivf-y<?&������;��������� ���������.������������������:. after  sDendinp* '������.. mnnth   writl> -    -     ���������  VV. , Manery   returned  Letter from A. B. S. Stan^j?  The following letter has been  received by Mr. GJ*. P. Jones recently and will no doubt be of  interest to some of our readers-  London, Aug. 5,1916.  ������|ear friend:  I thought perhaps you might  bo intercstecl  in   a   line   from  Bramshott  Camp,  more especially in view of the fact that we  are  seeing the  las^   of  Merry  England  and  expect sson to be  in Sunny France. You can guess  how   pleased. I was when   we  were    hpm-d    for    Bmrnshott.  During thp immth that I  luxye  been   herg I  ljavo  irmnagod to  see  nearly all the boys and am  glad to say all arc in lirst class  shape,  and  in evepy. s.uu������e men  of which Hedley "may  well   be 0il,",d'\ l  proud/ ' '    ji'HtH'^-fii  The tqllqwhig men eire here:  T.   Corrigan,   W.  Fulincr,   Boy  Corrigan,   T.   Knowles,    Bobby  Kobei-tson,    Jack   fj^we.   Bert-  S^hubgrb,   Kod   McLjQiigall,   li.  James., Joe Rotherham,  "Doc."  Martin, Sorgt. Jack. Yorkie has  been wounded and is in hospital  be the last efforts of an already  defeated enemy, but the Kaiser  will not yield  until  he has   to.  This movement is going to compel him to have to.  Canadians  have  no   idea   of  what  the  war  actually  means  to, England, or what it is costing her.   I  am here as a Canadian soldier and proud to bo so,  but  my  hciirt  swolls   when   1  think that  wo are really fighting* with  and for  the motherland.    Merry England is nearly  desolate as a result of the terrible    war.      Everywhere I arcs  women carrying  on   the   work  that men shotiUt do, aud evcrj  Vernon Sunday  W.M. Frith, customs officer  at Keremeos, .was a visitor in  town Tuesday between trains.  George Walker aud E. Bums  left Monday last for Soap lake,  Wash., to skiff some rheumatism.  Sunday evening at 11.20'Hed-  ley experienced an earthquake  shock. It only lasted a few  seconds.  B. W. and Mrs, Knowles returned Monday after a month  spent with friends in Denver,  Colorado.  E.  E.  Burr   and   family   re  ������August  1st and  was  wounded  j | August L3rd,  so  I  only  had' a  chance to   wear  one pair, but I  am sure that the rest will come  in handy for some of  the other  boys.    I  Can  tell you an extra  pair of socks is a necessity  for  .a soldier.    As you will see, I am  in hospital in England and getting   along  One.     A   piece   of  shrapnel had gone  through my  arm and smashed  the  bone.    I  j have had a fairly good innings  of it, xnear    eight, months   in  France, so I have no kick coming.    I can't speak too highly of  the way they treat the wounded  over here .in England; kindness  all the time, and the ladies, God  bless   them,   they  are  angels-  well, they are as near angels us  some of us fellows Avill ever see.  I will close by  again   thanking  the ladies  of  Hedley,   wishing  them success  and  hoping they  will carry on the good work."  Where   are    wounded   soldiers,  turned last week  from an auto  hospitals,    shelter   homes   and  trip to Spokane and otter points  military camps. It is true the  faces change often, and cho  wounded soldiot- returns to active service aud his place is  taken by another. Factories  are working overtiUi-?- taiming  out mumviqns tind all the land  resounds to the tramp of armed  men, In addition we "keep  the seas ^for the commerce (if  the world." Words, fail to tell  what T^ng-laud is doing, but sho  is proud ^of  Canada's d-u/v and  Canada   is  m/Q'Kt   that  sho has  j. i  Artuub B. S. Stanley.  in Washington state.  The matron wishes to thank  Rev. Mr. Cameron of Keremeos  for twi2 buses of tomatoes donated co the hospital.  Dr. Elliott arrived from the  coast Saturday and has taken  over the practice of Dr. McEwen, Who leaves shorlly for  wv-orsens service.  Postmaster Langstaff and  Ernest B. Mayon,. editor ofthe  News,  Merritt,   were  callers at  :Ji*ONEY TO LOAN  o'ti'  3ft  "pEpFiCTON,  Slfefe* 'V" "���������  -^'^:^Tf^"^v*y-.'..  ' '.'   ' . -  B. C.  ���������1  pellllGDGPa House  :<������>$<:*S!i^'-i **.-:. *���������' -.'    -   '��������� ������������������ ��������� ���������-.���������������������������   ..  after  spending  a   mouth   with  relatives and.friends there.  Mr. W. C. Ditmars, wife and  family arrived in town Saturday and will spend a short time  at their home on the bench. -  Mr.'J.'J. 'Armstrong -received  a -letter from  his  son  Charlie  5.ft!'A..J*iifre������^^ iiunj  rris  son   unariie  JT-6 ^"^f'-*������^^"t?y-entertainment,  hist week.    He says  he  is feel-:  1M v^-^^-'^' ���������:���������"���������.--���������-';:���������:.' -\ ���������.���������..������������������-.���������������������������'.--    ing we'll an d ii t for- the work.  (MS- ...;������������������.-vfc;'-i'      -,-���������-->   -   r-';.-js      Mr. u. Lindsay or topokane is  ^Vir* A     I I *��������������� i     \n   n  visiting with his daughter, Mrs  ^n q     UnlOn   j> T.  Daly,    Island    Lodge,   Mrs.  fe  k  ti o t e S  .   .   : *gY,   British Columbia -js  - -r ������������������ ' x  X  X  5<e  x  x  X  X  X  .X  X  X      X   _ x  X  Proprietor    ������  X  ������ Lindsay -arrived some few weeks  'ft--Ratesi  2������    ,      */$i.so a Day and Up  X  Firstf       A  "ass Accommodation  .������*���������������������/'"''  t'tocketl with Best Brands  yi Liquor and Cigars  A.VINKmR,  ago,  Mr, P. Bromley was a business visitor to Keremeos on  Thursday. His youngest son,  Joe, accompanied 'him itiul will  attend school here*.  A party of Keremeosites  motored to Hedley on Tuesday  of  last  week  and    visited   the  more  is in   France, and   Frank  also ; aud  A., Freeman, Charlie  Christiana, Jack Corrigan, Geo.  Boxall,    W.    Tucker,   M. H. L.  Jacom.bs and  Charlie Saunders.  Of the rest,  Tom Calvert is at  Shorncliffe and Dan  Devano of  course  you  kno\v"is  at   Edge-  wood,    A. W. Jack is giving instruction to a class of non-coms;  Bert Schubert is  instructor  in  the Lewis machine gun, and Joe  Rotherham and  Tom Knowles I  are particularly efficient as  signallers.    So  you  see  Hedley is  well represented iu the big fight.  We are not at liberty to tell���������  and   in   fact  don't   know���������just  where   we  sire  going   to,   but I  should not be at all surprised to  find   we   are   xovy  close  to tlui  other fellows from Hedley, who  are now at  the   front.    British  Columbia has sent a lot of men.  Labor Day $por������s.  Labor Day, owing to the win  and the heavy calls- made on  the people here both in men  and money by the great conflict, was not celebrated as in  former years. However, in the  afternoon a number of athletic  events 'were pulled off. Following were the winners:  100-yard   dash���������Leo    Brown,  2nd Bert Jones.  Boys' spud race���������E. Burr, 2nd | nob  W. Lyon  Boys under 15���������W. Lyon, 2nd  Gpmer Jones.  Girls'imder 15���������Miss Murdoch,  2nd Hossacl*.  Boys under 12���������A. Stanley,  2nd Hard man.  They were returning from an  auto tiip through Yale. Kamloops and Okanagan districts.  A  Liberal   rally   w<*ts   held in  Fraternity hall  Tuesday   evening.    The   speakers   were   R. S.  Cpnkiin, Edgar W. Dynes  and  Edwin W. Mutch, all  of Penticton.     Wednesday  at noon they  spoke at the Nickel Plate mine.  On Labor Day the. ladies  at  the N. P. mine not being able to  get down to the  dance in Hed-  decided   that  they ..would  overlook     the    Christmas  E. M. Edgar, a member of_the  English  banking  firm of Sperling  &  Co.,. London,  England,  made a special trip  to  Vistoria  last week to interview Premier  Bowser on the question of compensation   in  connection   with  the prohibition referendum. He  stated   that  he  represented interests which had invested hundreds of millions in -British Columbia.      His   clients   had   in-'  vested  two  million  five  hundred   thousand  dollars  in the B.  C, breweries, and he represented  other   firms   which   held -large  interests in the form" of moit  gages,   etc., on hotel property.  On behalf of these  interests he  declared  that   the  proposal  of  lue Gazette office Tuesday last,  the Prohibition Act without any  'ey-  hamper fund for the boys at  the front and they arranged to  hold a basket dance. Avpleas-  ant evening for all Was the result- and !j>11.20 turned over to  the hamper fund.  A   meeting   of  the   Board of I  ��������������� *-*  provision for compensation was  confiscation   pure   and   simple.  Should this program be carried.  out it would   do  very much to  disturb   tho   confidence   of   old  country investors iu British Columbia   enterprises   aud   would  do great harm   to the credit of  the province in  London.    Premier   Bowser  reported   to  Mr.  Edgar his proposal as made in  the house hat, should the act be  approved, a commission  be appointed    to   inquire    into    the:  question of compensation.    Before leaving  the  coast, Mr. Edgar stated that this reply could  net.be accepted  as satisfactory  to his clients..'  Girls under 12���������Misses Me- Tnide was held Tuesday to pro  Clure and winkler.   ' test  against   the contemplated  Bicycle race���������W. Lyon, H. change in the Great Northern  Jones. train service  from  daily to t'ri-  Ladies' race���������Mrs.   Neff,  Miss  weekly;   also   to   endeavor    to  compel tlie company  to  put on  Brown  v_/uiLiniiu'i nas sent, a lot ot man.  Nickel Plato mine, returning Every where I go I meet fellows  home in the oveniinr.  j(-������t>iw?^-������!!������n^w^i������.^H>!wi  looking  ���������j, crrmry&fJ - -as  ^^r*  MET..  V.<:V.;  home in the evening  Mining conditions are  better at Olalla. The Black  Diamond, owned by Messrs.  Carle & Wallace, is getting  ready to ship a car of ore some  time this month.  In the flower, show, report of  last week a mistake, was  made  in the name, of one of the prize  winners.    It was. Mrs, Kerr, Hill stead of Mrs.  Keeler, who re-  Tug of war, married men vs.  single���������Married, a soft snap.  Their wives were there.  Ladies' race (unmarried)���������  Miss   Honeywell,  Miss   Robert  son.    There   ware a number of  idndsixf fresh and      \\ cPiv(3d so many prizes  ;'���������'*���������':;"JbKVt* -      * -- * Be T\,r._ ��������� m     r> . . .  cy ?Bg8,fS. alvyays on  %������ FJplsli Fish on  si-every   Thursday.  other  events  which   we   didn't  in the evening was a  I know from all corners  of  the    province, but I know of uo town   get.  that has done so well in proper-      The hamper fu  tion to population as Hedley.  Now, dear friend, I don't know  whether this letter will pass  the censor or not, but I will tell  you this much: There are (in  my opinion), unmistakable evidences   that  a  movement, is on  a through service to Vancoiivcu  or make close connections with  the Kettle Valley. Boards of  trade in the province will be  i-omnitmieated with, and towns  along (he line with a view to  united effort of all concerned.  There was a slight misunderstanding in the school last week  ....    as to  who   was   in   c-harge,   the  ���������ess; the music and supper were  principal or some of the pupils  ud  dance held  great sue  T;\yp hand cars,,pf course running   in. opposite directions, on  the Lardo  branch  of  the C. P.  R. last week   collided,   injuring  the   rolling   stock   of  the road  and cracking a mining engineer  in several places.    When the C,  P. R. ran regular trains on that  branch they didn't get up speed  enough     to    have   a   collision.  Must   either   be   using gasolene  or Irish Jerry bosses to destroy  the the whole  rolling  stock in  one collision   and  ing engineer.  crack a min-  Pkcic MacSwatn wishes The  Gazette to state that he is not  dead, but in Republic, Wash,  He wishes to be remembered to  his many friends in Hedley.'TTe  foot which will bring into active  service in France, every Canadian   soldier  who   is physically  a     that  could   be   desired, and   After   due    consideration    and   likes the   town   and   the people  all reported a good time; $22.50 a...   argument    a    compromise and   the   dry    climate    and   is  was turned over  to the hamper'  '"'     "1   " '     '     ' '  hamper fund.  \  rflifggfftMUfafl-fl  Mr,F. Bassett,  wliile  on   his  fit  or  martially   proficient   foi  way  evening,  REDMOND, Prop.  G  HOTEL  r   4 PLEY B.C.   Bar an.Ae Best.   Rates Moderate  Pits Accommodation  JOHN SON, Proprietor  from Hedley Saturday  struck a rock and  overturned his car- without any  injury to its occupants. The  car Avas only slightly damaged.  Mr. Dick Leckie, after spending two months with his school  chum, Mr. Lloyd Armstronc,  left for his home in Vancouver  where lie will visit his mother  before enlisting for oversba's  service. ��������� '      '  immediate action. This is a distinctly Canadian camp; there  are no Imperial troops here, but  it is only fair to suppose that $  every Canadian soldier, ip,"engaged, then in a hieasjjxe.a great  many Imperial,' troops now in  training, Hvi'll be included in  whate'ver movement is contemplated at the front. Very well,  then you see that a big movement is in contemplation, and I  This morning the buss team  created a little excitement by  a- runaway from the bridge to  the  postollice.    They   shied at  something near the bridge,  throwing��������� \-\fwN Mnrtin out of the  seat a,n,d; nm as far as the��������� post-  .offWe, vvher������ they were stopped.  The   drh'er .was  pretty    badly  bruised and cut.  was reached with the   principal   rapidly recovering   from his re  in   control.  We   have   all   had  those   arguments in our school  Miss Crosby, after spending a'venture to,suggest the big final  The Gazette is a day Sate this  week caused by hurry-up job  printing orders. If only the  speed in payments equaled the  speed at which orders are expected to be filled, what n paradise this would be for the printer  days and somehow the teachei  managed to find the most tender spots; also the father, when  making his rouudsin the gloaming. When teacher and father  combine, a ompromise is the  height of diplomacy.  James C. Saunders, C Battery, R, F. A., writes the Gazette under date of Aug. 16th,  from the war hospital at Bath,  England, as follows: '"I wish to  thank, through your paper, the  ladies of the Hedley Sewing  Circle for the parcel of socks  which they kind ly sent me while  in France.    I  received them on  cent  illness.    That's  all except  he's going   to  lick the editor of  this    fjxmily journal  on  sight.  Peck, we are too  danged proud.  to light while   the campaign is  on.   After elections are over on  both  sides   of the line we'll indite a few notes.  The open season for plugging is not the time  to  talk  scrap.    Votes  are still  worth $10 each on   this  side of  the   line,   without    interfering  with a  manji~ conscience or his  party convictions.    If there are  any pluggers around  Republic,  Peck,  send  them   to.  the   Terminal City.    They  can vote for  all four parties, if they are live  ones, and exemption  from penalties under the "code."  u  i*k  nriJiMj XBE     GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.   ' C.  C(  TH E CANADA STARCH  CO. LIMITED  MONTREAL. CARDINAL.  BBANTFCBO.   '   FORT WILLIAM.  Makers, of "Crown Brand" ana  "Lily V/kite" Corn Syrups, and  Benson s Com Starch.  More Blouses, Lingerie and  Skins ��������� more Table Linen ���������  more Sheets and Pillow Cases  ��������� more Curtains ��������� are  starched with "Silver Gloss",  than &/iy other starch in  Canada,    four grocer has it.  233  Destructive Insects  Train  Divisions in Canada  Six Provincial or    District    Brigades  Likely to be Organized  A proposal is uneler.-consideration  by-;-l!ic Minister of -Militia to mobilize  ami train in Canada two complete  infantry     divisions   which     would   be  ready to leave for overseas practically j can   use .against      crop-damaging;'  in condition to proceed at once to the  front.    Jlilherlo  the organizing , and  training as divisions lias been done .in  H.tgland. .  To. carry,out tlie .scheme, six Provincial or district brigades' are contemplated. These would- include a  Nova Scotia brigade, already almost  raised as a Highland, brigade under  Col. Borden,- a -brigade for New  Brutis.wic.lv and Prince Edward Island,  a brigade front Quebec, two brigades  from Ontario, and a brigade from the  western  Provinces.  Details of the proposal a.rc now  being worked out.  Weeds ,in Relation  to  Insect     Pests  en, the Farm  Getting rid of grass weeds, and  undergrowth about the farm during  the fall and early winter is'onc of.the  best 'protective 'measures   the   farmer  in-  seets the following year. Weeds, 'matted grass,-.dead vegetation and brambles along fences, roadsides, margins  of fields, banks of little .streams, or  ditches, 'especially in irrigated territories, arc the natural hibernating and  bficn breeding places of. many destructive insects. This, vegetation gives  "ost of War Mounting  i Losses Will Reach a Total Unheard  of In the Past  *  One hundred billion dollars will be  the c*ost of the war if it lasts another  year, according to Mr. Jean Fin of,  who make-; an interesting comparative  study of tlie subject in an article iu  tlie  Paris   Revue. .  '"If tills war lasts three years,"'he  says, "the losses will reach'a total unheard of iii the past. They \fill amount  to one hundred'or one hundred and  twenty billion dollars. The losses  -occasioned by the ' present ' conflict  have no analogy in the history of pasi  limes.  "According to the calculations of  economists and statisticans armed  conflicts from' Napoleon J. to our  day all added together,'' ' have not  caused one-half the sums absorbed by  the present war. The Napoleonic  wars, properly so called, which arc  considered tlie most sanguinary in tlie  history of past limes, cost only about  $ 15,000,000,000. , They lasted; twenty  year*. i  "The Crimean war' cost the countries taking part in it about eleven or  twelve billions.' The civil war in  A -erica did not cost more than $7.-  000,000,000 or $7,500,000,000. The ' :...r  between Prussia and Austria in 1S66  necessitated an cxpe'iu.c of only about  Live Stock Problems  grasshoppers,  chinch bugs, and other  $^n'n OOo'oOO'  insects most  favorable conditions for \'" .^ceor-Iing to the estimate of    Mr.  It is usually safe to. say that when j  a child is pale,    sickly,    peevish    and |  reappearance the .following' spring and  summer. Similarly, voluntary growths  of wheat harbor llic .Hessian fly; while  stray alfalfa plants in the fields and  around them may lie' the source of the  incursion of grasshoppers. The Hessian fly is tlie absence of'volunteer  wheat at times lays its eggs on the  young  crab  grass  which .may  spring  faults of, the digestion and  serves  to  restore the organs to healthy action.  Only a Chip  As an evidence of the unconquerable spirit of our fleet. Air. Hunger-  ford Pollen relates an incident concerning an officer of one.of the light  cruisers who was reported in the  official return as "severely wounded.". Whitehall immediately received  a telegram respectfully but ardently  protesting against so-misleading and  humiliating a description.  "I have only got a chip knocked out  of my shin and shall be ready for  duty in a very ' few days." The P.  M. O. was promptly wired to for a  full description of this officer's injuries. It turned out that he had  the right leg fractured,'and left tibia  chipped, a large piece of shell .embedded in his ; groin, and seventeen  oilier cuts and wounds.  "Can you accommodate myself and  family for summer board?"  "What's your politics?", inquired  Farmer Corntosscl.  "Docs  that make any difference?"  "Yep: I'm not going to take an-,  .other chance on bavin' the whole  place stirred up with arguments d������y  an' night. All'the folks that board  here this summer has got to have the  same politics."���������Washington  Star.  restless, .the cause is worms. -These up iu the fall after a. tract has been  parasites range the _slomach and in-1 burned over. Grasshoppers lay mil-  tcslincs, causing serious disorders of j lions of eggs along the banks' of  the 'digestion and preventing the in-, canals and ditches in the western  faht from deriving sustenance from j country. Chinch bugs hibernate in  food. Miller's Worm Powders;, by i bunches of -broom sedge, and many  destroying the worms, corrects these other destructive pests could not endure the winter were it not for these,  natural nurseries. The entomologists  therefore recommend to farmers-that  they fallow sod lands intended for  other than grass crosp another year,  and clear up roadsides, fence margins,  and all waste land, ditch banks and  similar places by burning over, pasturing, or in case of ditch banks by  plowing or discing in the fall. While  top-dressing the wheat crop with manure in the spring will increase the  yield in the number of bushels, and  will pay for the labor required in its  distribution, we doubt if this is. the  way to get the most good out of the  manure. A little observation will  induce a shallow root system, for it  is a-well known fact that roots arc  always in search of plant food. So top-  dressing has a tendency; to keep the  roots near the surface. As a result  they are likely to be affected by  drought later on whereas if the manure is plowed under the roots in  search of it will go deeper into the  soil, thus enabling them to better  stand drought that we may expect  later in the season. While -there is  no real loss iu plant food where the  manure is used as a top-dressing, unless the land lies so that it is carried  away by water from rainfall, much  more real benefit will be had if the  manure is plowed under and mixed  with the soil by cultivation.  War Socialism is Popular  Now that the old border city of  Carlisle in the Motherland has had a  taste of war socialism in respect of  restaurants and public-houses people  arc making notes of the results. A  summary of these may be classed as  belter lighting, better order, and better service. An afternoon tea is called,  "Government tea," a glass of spirits  a "Cabinet nip,," and a glass of Gunless'as'"Asquith XX."  Model restaurants arc now being  erected. The scheme so far is popular, and the fact that the majority of  the previous managers have been retained as such has assisted toward this  popularity.  "'fhev sav you can't square the circle."  "Well, you can do it after a fashion/' said the mathematician, "just as  when you go out for a walk you circle  the square."  Woman Made Well by Lydia  -    E. Pinkharn's Vegetable  Compound.  Columbus,Ohio. ���������"I had almostgiven  Op.   I had been sick for six years with  female troubles and  nervousness.   I had  a pain in my right  side and could not  oat anything without hurting  my  stomach. v I  could  not drink cold water  at all nor eat any  kind of raw fruit,  nor fresh meat nor  chicken.   From 178  pounds  I  went   to  118 and would get so weak at times that  I.fell over.    I began to take Lydia E.  Pinkham's  Vegetable Compound, and  ten days later I could eat and it did not  hurt my stomach.    I have taken the  medicine ever since and I fee! like  a  new woman.    I now weigh 127 pounds  30 you can see what it has done for me  already.     My husband says he knows  your medicine  has saved  my life."���������-  Mrs. J. S. Barlow, 1624 South 4th St,  ���������olumbu3, Ohio.  Lydia E Pmkham's Vegetable Compound contains just the virtues of roots  and herbs needed to restore health and  strength to the weakened organs of tho  body. 1 ..at is why Mrs. Barlow, a  chronic invalid, recovered so completely.  ��������� It pays for women suffering from any  female ailments to insist upon having  Lydia E, Pinkbam's Vegetable Compound  Asthma is Torture. No one who  hasn't gasped for breath in the power  of asthma knows what such suffering  is. Thousands do know, however, from  experience how unmcasureablc is the  relief provided by that marvellous  preparation, Dr.1 J. D. Kcllogg's  Asthma Remedy. For years it "lias  been relieving and curing ���������-the most  severe cases. If you arc a sufferer do  not delay a day in securing this remedy from your druggist.  To Collect for Seed Grain  Dominion Government Out to Collect  Ten Million Dollars  Preparations r.rc being made by the  Department of the Interior to collect  this year the larger part of the advances for seed grain made to western fanners for the crop of last year.  Over ten million dollars was .loaned  by the Dominion government in the  drought-stricken districts'in Southern  Alberta and in Southern Saskatchewan. Last year despite the heavy  crop, many farmers were in no position to make any payment. This year  it is hoped to collect the larger portion of this amount.. A head office  has been opened in Moose Jaw, with  Harry Cuttle,. Chief Inspector of  Homestead Agencies, in charge.  Arrangements have been made to  have payments made to postmasters,  while no collections will be made by I  the elevators.  Matlieu-Bodet, minister of finance in  1874,.'the war of 1S70 cost France the  total sum of ��������� $2,499,000,000.. In this  figure arc included the losses to the  state, to the departments, the com-  .miuics and individuals: The cost of  caring for German troops after: the  conclusion of peace and before the  complete evacuation, amounted to  $1S,600,000, is also included.    .','  "An English .st-'tislican puts the  direct expense of all belligerents  from Napoleon I. to the war of 1914,  $36,000,000,000 to $40,000,000,000.  "Considering only the' allied armies  in the. present war, it may be. noted  that the number of combatants 'on  our-side now amounts to about 14,000,-  000. If we admit an average dailyiex-  pensc of $4 a day for each soldier, including ammunition, we will have a  total expense of $1,680,000,000 a  month, or about $20,000,000,00 ayear."  For'' France alone , the, budget  amounts to $6,193,200,000--yearly, according, tp M, Almond, who recently  made a report to the French senate.  Added to the above arc the sums  paid to allied nations���������-Belgium,; Serbia and others���������which raise the expenses to $18,000,000 a day $560,000,-  000 a month, or $6,700,000,0"00 a'.year.'.  At the same time 'England's expenses have risen from $17,000,000 a  dav'to $22,000,000 and are soon cx-;  peeled to reach $25,000,000 daily, or  $9,125,000,000 a year. -.'..������������������ ,.-"'���������-.-  -.On .the other side, Germany's "expenses, which to date arc about $10,-  000,000,000, it is estimated will be at  least $13,000,000,000 bv next June.  Austria's about $10,000,000,000;,"'Turkey's ������������������ $600,000,000, and Bulgaria's  $520,000,000, or $34,120,000,000 for:the  Teutonic allies.   Then there is Japan, who issued an  internal loan of $26,000,000 at the beginning of the war, and whose expenses in the capture of Kaio-chou  and the German Pacific archipelagos  and their occupation were about $100,-  000,000. San Marino, too, has spent  several hundred thousand' dollars  erecting anti-aircraft defences against  Austrian aeroplanes. The allies will  thus have spent about $52,000,000,000,  and the Teutons $34,000,000,000 at tiic  end of three year's war.  These sums give a total of about  $86,000,000,000, somewhat less than  the estimate of Mr. Finot, but agreeing with the calculations that cost of  the presen: war is more than double  all the wars of the nineteenth century,  from.those of Napolcc n P., plus all the  wars of the first dozen years of the  present century.  Live Stock Commission is Collecting  Much Valuable Information  The Royal Live Stock Commission  appointed by the Government of Sas- I  kalchewan is collecting much information which will be of value in improving the live stock industry of that  province.  The commission isTormcd of some  of the best live stock men in the  West. lion: W. C. Sutherland is  chairman; Hon. W. R. Motherwell is  a'so a member.  Sittings were .-ccctitly held in Win-  ripcg and the Commission'will eventually visit a number of eastern cities.  The immediate object is to gather information regarding the marketingof  live stock. Any person able to give  evidence relative to the matter in discussion will be gladly heard and in  return the information that is acquired in eastern Canada and the States  will be willingly given to all.  ���������Transportation has become one of  the most vital problems of the day.  Coal is an example, the transportation of .which costs "more than .the  coal itself at the mine; ' The live  stock industry is greatly affected by  tho same thing.  Hon. R. W.'Motherwell speaking in  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Exclusively   Canadian   Company ���������  Assets  Over  Four   Million   Dollari  An Excelsior Policy is a Money Saver.  Get One To-day.  Trade at Home  Co-operation Between the Farmer and  Merchant is Necessary for the  Success of the Community  Why not be consistent? This paper preaches and practices trade at  home. There arc merchants and business men of Ibis town who do not  do this. To advocate the idea of trading at home is pleasing to a number of,our people as long as it means  to buy from them, but frequently  when they need what may be bought  here, they go elsewhere, or send orders to mail order houses. This is  not fair, and it is inconsistent. .The  grocer who buys ��������� his clothing, .dry  goods or shoes av/ay from home has  no right to be offended if the local  dry goods, clothing and shoe dealers  go elsewhere to buy their groceries,  Winnipeg said: "It is only -.. natural}and Uic merchants who sell clothing,  that grain growing should be the first   dry goods or shoes    owe the    same  industry of the west arid all praise  is due "to the pioneers yet like many  of, the-older countries the time had  come when the livestock'industry is  becoming predominant. The livestock  industry is now the corner-stone of  the three provinces . and the older  countries have profited by the same  experiences which these provinces arc  now having."  Proceeding be said, that'"it was a  progressive step, that the government  would: now have to choose whether  they would handle the .problem the  same as the. telephones, and that the  question of the packing plants, and  abattoirs, would have to be considered, for perhaps while they could  make large profits a smaller concern  could not compete with '.them. He said  that there was a decided feeling  among the farmers that there could  be made great improvements in marketing conditions, and that the commission, if failing to do any other  good would at '.east have helped to  calm the fears of the fanner-that men  manipulating the markets were robbing them.  ..' W. R. Ingrain, Esq., of the Swift-  Canadian Company .gave much in  formation concerning stock loan coni7  I panics: Mr. Ingram is much in favor  of these companies for. they offer a  line of credit which the banks cannot  touch,    tic said:  "It has been my experience that  cattlemen prefer to deal with cattlemen, and, on .'a. certain street where  there is a bank and a livestock loan  company doing business, nine out of  every ten will;go to the loan ;com-  pan'y for their credit."  ���������In dealing with the matter of the  one-half of one per ocnt. insurance  allowed, packers on condemned carcasses, Mr. Ingram staled that the  packers were entitled to it and that  it was barely sufficient to cover the  loss .they'.sustained in  this way.  He favored the bonding of livestock drovers and brought up the  matter of reaching the, press, with  an accurate account of the local livestock market, prices. He claims the  drovers, arc always well posted by  wire or letter and that it would only  be doing justice to the farmer to  furnish  him. this information.  I.Iinard's    Liniment Cures Diphthera.  Wiiere Do House Files Go  duty to the local grocer that the  grocer does io them. Then why not  trade at home?  Co-operation is necessary if our city  or cur country arc to he prosperous.  The farmer who has no use for the  town except as a place to sell his  produce does injustice to his own interests as, well as to those who live  in the town or city. And the merchant  who has no use for the'farmer ex-  ccpL as a customer to -whom he can  sell his 'goods, acts as badly as ^thc  farmer who goes away or sends away  for what he wants. Then why not  trade at home?  A country is prosperous in proportion to the prosperity enjoyed by its  towns and cities, and no town or city  can be prosperous without the co-op-  cralion, of the people of the country.  Each is dependent one upon the other  for that which is for the betterment  of both. Then why not trade at  home?  The farmer who says he has no interest iu the welfare of the town and  the town man who says he has no  interest in the prosperity of the country, arc both wrong, their interests  a-*c mutual. Just as an illustration: If  a destructive fire consumed every  building in our capital city and the  word went out that the city would  not be rebuilt, would any acre of land  in the vicinity then be worth half as  much as it is now? And if there should  be a terrible drought or some other  calamity come upon the farmers,  would not the residents of the town  be sorely affected, many of them  ruined? Arc we not, be we residents  of the country or of the town or city,  dependent upon each other for success? Think of this and trade at  home.���������Swift Current Sun.  TheLights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing- duty in  the shape of  Matches  Sixty - Cive years ago  the firslCanadian-rnade  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since', that time, for  materials and striking]  qualities,-"Eddy's have]  been the acknowledged best..  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's/  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget  in  Cows.  Value of Advertising-  In tin's puz/.lc you  see   four   lines   of  Idlers,    rill in tiic  mussing-   letters so  that each line spells  a well known town  in   the  world.      A  Mairmuccnt Watch  ���������r,ady's or Gent's  (guaranteed live years),  will be sent free of j  cliaixe  to  readers of this  paper who solvej  this puzzle and conform lo our one condition.  It   costs   you   nouiiug   to   try.     Send   your'  answer toeether with stamp,   that we may!  scud you result.     All failitijr lo do this will 6  be disqualified.    SEND NOW. '   -  "BARGAIN" WATCH CO. (400DcptJ  SO Comwalli'a Rd.. London, N.  jilm.1 .iii.mimar  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFfS  Something better than linen and big laua'ry I  bills.     Wash   it   with soap   and   water.     $-11 j  stores  or direct.     State style and  size.     lot  25c. we will mail you. ' |  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF  CANADA, Limited ,'  68 Frasor Avon.ua, Toronto, OatarJU.'  Have a Good Complexion!  of Good Health  The true secret of complexion lies  in the hlood. Keep it rich, pure, nutritious, and, above all, keep the system regular. No aid to complexion  compares -with. Dr. Hamilton's Pills.  They tone and enrich the blood, clear  the system of waste products, promote good digestion, and in short,  establish sound health, which, after  all, is the keynote of all .happiness and  well-being. Don't delay; the charm  of a lovely complexion and all Ihe  blessings of health are yours, once  you employ this old-Uine family  remedy. All dealers sell Kamiiton's  Pills iu 25c.boxes.  Worms sap the strength and undermine the vitality of children. Strengthen them by using Mother Graves'  Worm Exterminator to drive out the  parasites.  A Compliment to Canada  Tt was surely more than a coincidence that Sir Douglas Haig's big  drive started on Dominion Day, the  national holiday of our friends  across the border. Generals like politicians, have an eye to effect at limes,  just as when the late Lord Roberts  gave the Canadians the post of honor  at Paardcbcrg, and forced the surrender of Cronjc on the anniversary of  Majuba Hill. The British were not  ready to start their drive  on  Empire  What Britain is Doing  Britain should do this and do that.  Seme editors advise a great drive,  others advise caution, others again  think she should withdraw from "certain points where the loss of life is  enormous. Depend upon it she has  men. as resourceful arid as anxious to  conserve the lives of her soldiers and  sailors as the human race has produced. What is Britain doing financially? asks an American newspaper,  and answers: "Great Britain not only  is paying the cost of its own part in  'he struggle, but has largely financed  the other nation's allied against the  Central Powers���������British money has  helped France, has kept Italy on its  feel, has clothed and equipped the vast  army of Russia. It is an cxtraordin-  ary drain  on  British  resources." And  Day (May 24,) which would have been   Britain holds the seas for herself and  tiic most fitting day of all, and failing1  that, the most appropriate day was  July 1. It was :. fighting compliment  to Canadian gallantry which, on the  occasion, saved the whole lincof battle.���������From the Detroit Journal.  W.  N.     U.     1116  General Gallieni's Epigrams  The late-General Gallicni was a  master of_ epigrammatic expressions.  "Don't criticise _ until you can remedy,", is one which obtained great  favor in France, and might be rccom-  m?ndcd to critics here. "If you've got  brains, use them, if not, plant cabbage," was another of the General's  sayings. "Set things going and keep  them going," and "Say what you  want done, but don't say more than  a man can remember," were two other  counsels.���������VVcstminstcd Gazette.  her allies, is fighting Germany in the  remote places of the earth as well as  iu Europe. She also makes possible  the increased trade that Canada is carrying on with the nations across the  seas . The man who finds fault with  Britain should he advised to stop and  think.���������Winnipeg 'Tribune.  Scientists Unable to Determine Where  Flies Go During the Winter  Where does lhce house fly go in  ] winter and how does it get back? That  I was a favorite mystery'for generations, but a few years ago fly experts  began to say a lot about wintering  wintering flics, and so within the past  couple of years we have had a flood  of fly literature telling us that if we  swatted an over-wintering house fly  we would kill possible descendants  running into the billions.  Well, in.the middle of the past winter we happened lo sec flies in a  building in a certain town of one of  the Middle States. Wc mentioned the  fact lo an entomologist and lie doubted that they could be house flies. So  there was nothing to do but to catch  a few,of them and prove that his skep-  tisism was superfluous. But it was  not. Ffc was right. Furthermore, the  scientists, will not admit such a thing  as an over-wintering house fly until  it can be established by better evi--  dencc than they have been able to  find.'  Recently Prof. Arthur Shipley, of  Cambridge, spoke before the Royal  Society of Arts on insects and the  war. In the course of his talk he said  of the house fly: "We used to think  Ihatsomc, iu a slate of suspended animation, were 'carried on' through the  winter months. This is, however, nonproven. He concluded: "The manner  in which the interval between one fly  season and die next is bridged still  rcmauis unsolved." It is safe to conclude that nobody knows where the  flics go in winter-��������� but everybody  wishes they would stay there.��������� The  Country Gentleman.  They Fooled 'Em  "Did anyone discover that you were  a bride and    groom 011 your    honeymoon?" ..:   ..fjsCf.-.....  "No; wc fooled everyone. Instead  of calling each other by our first  names, I called Jim Mr, Black and he  called mc Miss Pinkiy, just as wc did  before we were even engaged, We  were just as formal with each other  as strangers would be,"���������-Detroit Free  I Press,  Willis���������"My wife has just ordered  the most daring bathing-suit of the  season."  Gillis���������"Now I suppose she will  write for circulars of the various summer resorts."  Willis��������� "No, she is writing for  copies of their municipal ordinances."  ���������New York Times.      x  Big Corporation    Decides to    Shelve  Old Policy and Use Newspaper Space  The Bethlehem Steel Company has  entered upon a campaign of newspaper advertising which is epoch-  making. Display advertisement space  is being utilized in a list of -3,500  newspapers. The purpose of the campaign is to present the case of the  Bethlehem company in regard to the  proposed establishment of an armor  plant by the United States government. -.     , ���������  The most important phase of this  matter is the belated decision by a  great corporation that a policy of  secrecy is disastrous. Silence on the  part, of a corporation, when its interests are at stake, denotes a fear to  meet the issue in the open. Corpo: -  tions will generally recognize in this  sensationa'. action of the Bethlehem  company, the opportunity to -.hem  for trying their cases before a jury  of the whole people���������and as this  method gains adherents the necessity  for lobbyists at Washington and at  state capitals, of corruption funds,  and of intrigue, will vanish. Thus  the policy of publicity now adopted  by Mr. Schwab will have a revolutionary effect. Win or lose, so far  as this present issue is concerned,  he will have established a precedent  which must rule with "big business"  in the future���������that of working wilh,  not against, public opinion. "The  day of the clear light" seems less of  a vision because of the significant  event.���������Editor and Publisher, New  York.  Wood's Pkospfceaisk'"  Tho Great English Remelv.  Tones nnd invigorates tlio vdola  nervous system, makes new,3Iood  in old Veins, Cures Nfrvov-S  Dcbilili/. Mental and Brain Worry, D'spon-  dency. Loss of Kncrov, Palpitation )f tha  Heart, Failing Memory. Price SI per b>r, eix  for $5.. One will please, six will cure,. Solcby oil  druggists or mailed in plnin pkj*. on recopt of  price. JVnn pmnphlet mailed free. TttE'VOOO  MEDICINE CO.,TOK0H7O, ONT. ihtrntOtJOlAsof^   -*1-'    / v.������~  -THE NEW FtENCH REMEDY^N^.������h2>*-3  & VIM KIDMEK. BLADDER. DISEASES_iCOon, .FOlSOtf  PILES EITHE1 NO. DRUGGISTS or MACt^l** POSXt* OT*  POUGHRA CO. SO. BEF.KMAN Sr NEW YOKKOrCVMAN ������KCH  rOHONTO .WRITE FOR FREE BOOK T^D-fitEiCtSBC  M ED CO IlAVERSTOCK RD. HAMPSTEAD, LON&ONrENO.  l'RV NEWDRAGEElTASTELESSlFORMOFjj't/lsfcxO T***  '" -s*t-r������3*HD   LAS JtltlG CURt  SEE THAT  TRADE   MARKED   WORD   'TIIKRAPI*OJ*v*lS OB  BRIT. GOVT SIAMf AFFIXED TO ALL GEtUIlME'ijrAC*'*'**'  S-l.   JS-rtunes  Dutch Egg Farmers Making*!  Particulars of the. importaL|jfrorn  Holland to Germany of datKj^pSrfoduce  show that the consignmcntsrt������>''-the  latter country arc enormoiis^iwry-*.  In 1914 Holland exporteci^fllfl -<?"?  of eggs. This year she has ^xe-P01"-  to Germany 11,825 tons. Hec'if ,. ������������������  to Britain are for 1914, Z7$,^?"S'  while this year Britain has 'oP1*5!^'-  favorcd with 557 tons. . 1 h������%e-S tfT  tion of the Dutch is that thj^j^ tfie  Great Britain is too great,-"Jh*M**are ,j^e_  prices obtained in Germanyr-  yond anything ever drcanrtA niakinff  time ago. Egg farmers ar���������������*-<-3ii������-,  small fortunes. Ifc-^Sg&s  Ruth���������Trust her! You surely don't  think she could keep a secret? Matilda���������Well, I've trusted her with other  things, and she kept them.  A German Incident  In a little Rhineland village near  the border of Holland there is, says  a Dutch report, a smilh whose three  sons have been killed in the war.  W'hcti he heard of the death of the  youngest he burst into% fury at tire  consolation tendered to% him that his  sons had met with a hero's death for  the Fatherland. He exclaimed:  "What do the Fatherland and the  kaiser matter lo me!" and hurled a  beer glass at a bust of the kaiser  which stood on his maiUlcpiccc. For  this a charge has been preferred  against him for "gross   misconduct."  Russia Goes Ahead  The liberalization of Russia is going forward at a tremendous rate  despite the war. The act of the  douma granting to the present class  the same civil rights that arc enjoyed  by other citizens is almost as great  a step forward as was the establishing  of the douma.���������Buffalo Express.  Germany having gained '^p'^tu^  the sea,    according to  Bcrlijs^;- r t������ *  have done wUh the *i&itationjKg^  closing  of  German  marketS&i-'.raJift:,,  cotton, the withholding of irrK?frI���������f"  the German babies and the uri������z22&������  of  our  trade  in  war inunitfo^S^M^stF  the allies.     The blockade, of ������. seas,  is off, and  the freedom of thc'.s not  being in  control  of Germany, ,'ion.���������  a   subject  for    further    discus;  Washington  FIcrald. '   had a  Doctor (to patient)���������YouVry your  pretty close call. It'jfT. onf^ you  strong constitution that ^pull?1". i"e-  throngh. Patient���������Well, doV* your  member that when you nlafce'*  bill.  -. *     1  Granulated Eyelids,  ^_   Eyes inflamed by expo.  v     -,,^n-; . fvFS? Su1������ D������SJ and Wad  y-iZk tfis a-"0*-'-*" r������"eM by Murine  C?3 Eye Remedy. No Smarti-iff,  rr      _ i"st Eye  Comfort.   At  xour Druggiet'g 50c per Bottle. Marine Eye  EalvcinTube825c.ForBoo������iollIieEyeFrceaSk   ���������������������������...,���������   ,*,.������������������,,.���������  -,��������� .lc,r������������ia  Visitor���������To what do ybli attribute  your remarkable health? Octogenarian���������-Well, I reckon I got a good start  on most people by being born before  germs were discovered, thereby having less to worry about, _..  The Dutch Navy consists of 7 battleships, 4 cruisers, 40 'torpecjg boats, iV������;'.:,5''\y^  m\  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B. ,   C.  I  Women Soldiers in Russia  Russian -Lady, Colonel > Commands  a  Cossack Regiment '  '���������llili Wnile Great Britain and France  |i,||| have^vast numbers of -women em-  j ployecl manufacturing munitions _ of  war, and in many other ways aiding  the allies to bring the war to a victorious end, it is only in Russia-that  the women soldier, with rifle, bayonet, and in khaki, is to be found.  There are whole companies of Russian women, it is believed, who are  [at this moment at, or near to the east-  | cm lines, ready to play a part in lrurl-  [[liUliing the Germans back to their own  M laud.  a-m;-' -Whether that report be correct or  '(Jnot, the official records at Petrograd  , J [testify again and again that women  vtlHi jsoldicrs and officers have fought and  IWdied in the trenches. One authority  'iSiii'places the number who have been re-  ij.,JMporlcd upon at 400 and one of these  *T'j}.is Colonel Madame Kovestscva, in  '.jCommand of the Sixth Ural Cossack  W (Regiment.  I  w  ���������111  ������P 1{   The lady colonel has    been    seven  fj*(tin  M ''borne the fatigue of the march, the  if; (-gloom and danger of the trenches,  i|< [(and been twice placed on the stret  $',!cher, wounded, for the base hospital  .vhj/ljHer bravery won for her the admira-  |)h Ijtion of the veterans who stood by  '<!���������} iiher. side���������men who had fought, around  (.'������������������'jjPort Arthur, and on the plains of  Manchuria. She has been decorated  by her general.and promoted to the  .^rank of .<., colonel of the regiment,  '((jwhich is not a mere honorary title.  /{ Then there -is Kira Bashkirowa, an  jj eighteen year old Vilna girl, who  'i .,jt joined the Russian army in "October  [im/1914, under the name of Nicholai Po-  Jfijnpin. She gained the Cross of St.  ft'(M-\George for her daring,reconnoitering.  lylflli After being in hospital for some  .fl!} weeks suffering from a slight wound  jjhand typhus, she rejoined her regiment  tf'ifti *n tue ^1TinS line.  ftfi'lv ^n a let-ter Lo her niolher she stated  p;I^lj; Unit .there are three other women  serving with her.  A girl of twenty, the daughter of  Colonel Tomilovisky, accompanied  her father to the front in September  1914. She had her hair cut short and  donned the uniform taking part in  : several engagements.  On various occasions Mile. Toomil-  .ji. ovsky served as orderly,    scout, and  {!, telegraphist,  and she was finally ap-  it.pointed to the command of a platoon.  \j> She  sifccceded  in  "lapping"  a     Gcr-  a-.A, man staff telegram relating to a plan  flMrr( *t0  break the  Russian  centre and, as  ' ' \'!>ii result, the Russian troops were able  j   to   repulse    the enemy    with    heavy  j   losses.  I    A Bulwork of the Empire  How the West Has    Contributed to  the Success of the War  Toronto Mail and Empire, concluded an article on closer relationship_  which will undoubtedly exist between  the Motherland and the overseas Dominions after the war, in these words:  "There .were those who said, and  continued for long to say, that the expenditure on the West was a waste  of money, that Old Canada was bur-  ���������dening itself financially in order to  bring into existence agricultural communities and would, bring down the  price of wheat Ontario had to sell,  and that for the visionary idea of expanding the Empire. But the West  has proved a splendid investment for  Old Canada and a great source of  strength to the Empire. No : other  part of the countryjs contributing of  its manhood in thc-'sanie ratio to the  strength of our overseas forces. Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and  British Columbia have exceeded their  quota of the 500,000'to which it is  sought to bring up Canada's army  organization. The West is a bulwark of the Empire. This is the  answer to those who haye been talk-  'Amcricanizatioiv' of    the  to(W  hm  78*  o>  tl| '..-"^S of. the  1  Canadian West."  I  i  A\  *\  V  4-  -*'  a  j,  The Canning Industry  Remarkable Growth of Important  ��������� '   ' Industry in Ontario  ���������When' the canning industry, was  : first established in Ontario corn for  canning was cut from the cob by  hand with a knife. It \vas then considered good work to put but 800-cans  a day. A modern factory will put up  100,000 cans in a day with equal ease.  The first canning factory in Ontario  was started 34 years ago. There are  about 120 factories in operation at  present and these give ' employment  to 14,000 people.  The total output of these* factories  is between three and four million  cases  with 24 tins lo a case.  This is sufficient to provide a railroad of 20 cars for each working day  ���������of the year.  The average yield of tomatoes is  around 250 bushels per acre, and can-  ncrs expect to pay 25 cents per bushel  this year.  The average yield of corn runs at  four tons of cobs per acre. This  brings .f>7 to $8 per ton, and the corn  fodder left is  worth nearly as  much.  The straw from which peas arc  taken for canning make excellent feed  In some cases it is hauled back from  the factories and sold back to the farmers by the ton for winter feeding,  ���������in a few cases it is fed direct from  the silo to stock owned by the causing companies.  Said the Kaiser, addressing the  ���������crews of the battered High Seas Ficct,  upon its return from its first meeting  with the British armament: "The  English fleet was beaten; what you  have done you did that, in the future,  . Germany may have freedom of the  seas for its commerce." But there is  no more freedom for German commerce than there was before the fight.  If a German merchant gets an order  -for, a package of postcards, from any  p^ft of. the world more distant than  Scandinavia, he must appeal to the  Allies as he has been doing, for permission to ship them. All the Kaiser's  boasting cannot obscure that bitter  fact.���������Providence Journal.  What Russia is Doing  Populace of Russia is Helping to Win  The War    '  Slowly, like a giant getting under  way, Russia, backed by 50,000,000  people, is gathering strength. Russia's war is the people's war, and they  are backing up the army in a way  not to be found in any other country  of Europe.  In England and France the governments are co-operating with the industrial corporations and bankers to  the'exclusion of well defined citizens'  groups. In Russia; the government  and army work with these, but also  with an organized people, through  non-political groups which have been  formed all over ' the ,. country���������citizens' associations, co-operative societies, and peasants' unions. Then there  is a central committee composed of  citizens, to co-ordinate the efforts of  the group and take the army's orders. ���������-  The citizens' organizations for aiding the country and the army are literally hundreds in number, but the  majority of "these can be bunched under one or the other of four general  names. Then there is the municipal  Union,, grouping the work of Russian  cities. Next is the war trade committee. Lastily, there is the co-operative union, whose membership includes more than 30,000,000, persons,  mostly peasants and whose activities  affect in one way or another more  than half the population of the' Russian empire.  In order that the work of these organizations may cla:sh as little as possible there is a central committee sit-_,  ting permanently, w'eek days and Sunday, in a building to itself here in  Petrograd. When the government'  has need of this or that for the army,  or for refugees, or for its organization back of the fighting lines, it can  and docs call on the central committee for aid. <  There is not a single branch of human endeavor not at the beck and  call of these citizens' organizations.  All the sciences,, arts, trades and occupations have been mobilized in this  way.  Russia lacked sufficient munitions  at ,the start of the war, and so did the  other allies. But the difference between Russia and them was this:  They were great industrial countries  and she was not. Germany had had  for a long time practically a monopoly of manufactured articles, chemical and so forth in Russia and���������as  former Premier Count Kokovtsow  pointed out, this had proved a positive curse to the empire. She lacked  machinery to make them.  The Russian people, in ^yiew of  these obstacles, through their organizations, have accomplished near miracles, and are still accomplishing  them. Through their combined wits  and resources they have bridged what  otherwise might have been disaster.  People Starve in Germany  Woman's  Letter Passed by  Censor,  Tells of Privations Endured  Conditions of great destitution and  practical starvation in Germany are  revealed by a letter received at New-  York. It was written in Bad Warz-  burg on May ,11, 1916, and bears the  "Passed by Censor" slip at the end  where it was opened by that official.  The letter is remarkable in that it  was allowed to leave Germany, carrying as it does the message of the privations being cuffered by the writer,  an elderly woman and the mother of  a young man to whom it was written  in New York.   '   ', ���������  After commenting on other ' matters, she writes:  "Our conditions here arc beyond description. Every day the outlook is  becoming more and more dreadful.  We absolutely ithout^ enough food  to eat, and wc are living far back in  the interior, quite removed: from cities of any size. It is very sad to see  that those having large cellars have  stored away the butchers' supplies so  that we arc left to  starve.  "Wc have nothing to - cook; and  though we have money, meat and  other   supplies   are   refused    at    any  price.    Fl ��������� and  the  others  are so  emaciated that  their bones seem    to  protrude their. skins."  The letter concludes with the.hopt  that the war will be soon ended.  British  Munition Workers  Record    of    Industrial    Mobilization  Never Equalled, Says Lloyd  George's Lieutenant  A dispatch from the British Intelligence Department, received in New  York, gives further extracts from    a  speech made by Mr. Kelloway, of the  Munitions    Department    at   Bedford.  He  said:  "Germany has never done anything which equals the work in this  country in the way of industrial organization. During the past twelve  months, eighty arsenals have ; been  built, or adapted, and with the exception of a very few, are now producing  heavy howitzers, big shells; or explosives. The weekly output of .303 cartridges is greater by millions than the  annual output before the war. There  is a certain machine gun being produced by the hundred every week in  a factory ordered planned; and built  during the past twelve months, which  had never been made in this country  before 1915.  "France, Russia, and Italy have  been supplied by or through Great  Britain with many of the most important munitions of war. Many  thousand tons of steel have been sent  to France. One leading firm has a  factory devoted entirely ' to tlre making provision for a particular gun for  the French government. Russia has  been supplied with great quantities of  grenades, rifle cartridges and guns,  and explosives, and some of these  have been instrumental in enabling  the Russians to make their great offensive.  "Contributions toward the equipment of the Belgian army are continuous. There has been established in  a certain village in this country a  Belgian village with a Belgian factory, employing Belgian workmen,  entirely engaged in the production  of munitions for the Belgian army.  "The Serbian "army has been equipped very largely from the workshops  of the United Kingdom.  "There is as much work on one  howitzer as for one of our large express locomotives. The Ministry of  Munitions is now producing18-pourid-  ers and 16-pounders, 4.5-inch and 6-  inch, 8-inch and 9-inch howitzers in  large quantities. It is a magnificent  example of what British engineers  can do when well led.and organized.  "Before this vast output could be  secured, it was necessary not only to  secure factories, machine tools, and  material, but labor had also to be  trained and mobilized. Over 380,000  men out of 1,000,000 engaged in the  chemical and engineering trades had  joined the army, but against this  184,000 women were engaged in war  industries in 1914. There are today  666,000. The total number of war  workers was 198,600 in 1914, and now  is 3,500,000.  "There are 471 different munition  processes upon which women are  now engaged. The women in France  arc doing wonders in munition making, but our women workers beat the  world."-   Japan's Big Guns  The Little Japs' Big Guns Are Doing  Good Work For Russia  The Passing of The Ox  How the old timers, of a generation  back, let us- say, would have, rubbed  their eyes at beholding in cold type  this little item from the current number of The Peterborough Transcript:  "A strange incident recently was  the sight of two pairs of oxen, which  met on Main street. Oxen are becoming very scarce in town."  "A strange -incident," forsooth!  Oxen on the main street of a New  Hampshire town���������two pairs of'em at  once! Call everybody to see the  strange sight! And, indeed, it would  he a sight worth seeing in many a  town of this good old State, that once  boasted its prize yokes of oxen, and  could turn out a magnificent and  stately string of them, when a road  was to be broken in winter or some  particularly big and cumbersome object was to be hauled from one part  of the town to another. _ But the  times change, and motive power  changes with them. Oxen were slow,  presumably they arc slow even to this  day, and even in Peterborough, which  is by no means to be considered a  sleepy burg or on low gear in its  movements.���������The Manchester Union.  Dominion Expenditure Lower  Dominion revenue for the first  three months of the present fiscal  year amounted to fifty-six million  dollars as compared with thirty-six  million last year. Expenditure for all  ordinary and capital expenditure including interest on national debt, was  twenty-seven million, which is less  than last year. Considerable of Canada's war expenditure is being paid  out of the current revenue.  ���������    On the Right Track  A bullock was sold in the   Lincoln |     Sir  George     Fos.tcr  has  the  right  England   market  recently at-a   price;idea when he declares, as he did in a  working out at $3.62 per 14 1bs. This j recent speech, in London, that mdu  ^  is the highest price so far recorded,  -.and in pre-war times $2.25 per stone  ���������would have been considered dear.  try should be nationalized as soon a3  monopoly threatens to control it.���������  Calgary Ncws-Tclcgranr. . ���������   .  We have heard .a great deal about  Japan in the European war. Shortly  after she declared herself on the side  of the allies there was some difficulty  between China and Japan which  brought Japan prominently before the  public. This was quickly smoothed  over and little more has since been  heard of Japan; mainly -because it has  not been necessary for her to take  any active part in the war, either by  naval or land forces.  " But recent events show that she has-  been of very great assistance. Strangely enough, her help has been given to  Russia with whom she so successfully  waged one of the bloodiest of modern  wars just a few years ago. The rapid  advance of the Russian forces and  their utter route of the Austrian army  over a front of 100 miles or more at  one of the most critical periods of the  war is due in great measure- to the  little Japs' big guns. They have developed a large field gun which is said  to be much more than the equal of  any gun of any of the enemy .forces.  In .addition, they have developed a  new high explosive shell for this monster. It's power of destruction is said  to be almost beyond belief and much  more terrific than any explosive so  far used in this war. The combination  of this big, gun and terrible new shell,  in quantities, in the hands of a great  Russiam strategist and backed by  enormous enthusiastic armies, has got  the Austrians "on the run" and we  arc all hoping that the run continues  to the final end of Austria, Germany,  and all of their allies.  Japan's part may not be very spectacular but it is certainly very valuable.���������North Shore Press, Vancouver.  The Triumph of Voluntaryism  The King's message announces for  the first time the total of the force  raised by voluntary enlistment since  the commencement of the war. It is  no less than 5,041,000 men���������considerably more, that is lo say, than that  tenth of the population which before  the war was held to represent the ultimate fighting strength of a nation.  In view of what has happened since  it is impossible to regard without  mixed feelings this gigantic figure.  But on the magnificent testimony  which it furnishes to the efficiency of  the patriotism which inspired it, there  is no man who can fail to echo the  King's glowing words. There has  been nothing like it in the history of  the world.���������London Daily News.  "Maggie," said the inexperienced  young thing to the cook, "the biscuits were a sight. If you can't do  better next time I will have to discharge  you."  "You will.'ch?" I'll have yc know,  mum, that I've worked for eighty-  nine o' the best families in town, an'  I ain't ever bin discharged yet.      I'm  Antelope Born in Captivity  Steps Being Taken in Saskatchewan  To Perpetuate the Species  _ That antelope can be bred in captivity has been demonstrated by Reu-r  ben Lloyd, of Davidson, Saskatchewan, who has a small herd in an enclosure of ten acres of his farm. On  June 5, twin antelope were born on  the iarm and Mr. Lloyd, hopes to establish beyond doubt the possibility  of breeding and rearing successfully  these timid and swift animals in captivity. In addition to the antelope  which Mr. -Lloyd has in captivity he  has a pair of deer, which raised a  beautiful fawn last month.  That unique game animal of the  prairies, the prong-horn antelope,_ is  listed by most authorities . as being  the next candidate for oblivion. Almost as plentiful as the buffalo in the  early days it is fast following the  wake of that blocky animal* of the ox  kind.  Steps have been taken.by the Dominion Government to set aside certain areas of land with the object of  saving the remnant of antelope that  still remain, but nothing has yet been  done in Saskatchewan by the way of  establishing permanent fenced reserves, although- something along  these lines has been accomplished at  Foremost, Alberta, where forty-two  antelope��������� have been fenced in.  Contrary to the opinion of most  game conservators, Mr. Lloyd, of  Davidson, was convinced that he  could breed antelope in captivity, if  given an opportunity. Through _ the  kindness of the Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Motherwell, who' is keenly  interested in the conservation of all  beneficial wild life, the opportunity  was presented, and Mr. Lloyd forthwith went to considerable expense in  erecting a substantial eight-foot fence  around ten acres of his farm, through  the centre of which is a nice" sized  pond. At first he stocked the enclosure-with two or three antelope, but  success did not attend his intitial attempts. However, he profited by his  experience and persevered and now  can show with pride twin antelope  that were born on June* 5 of this year.  F. Bradshaw, Chief Game Warden  for the province, was privileged to  inspect tliis game'farm last week arid  secured a"few. photographs'of the animals. In addition to the young  twins, male and female, there are two  adult males and two mature, females.  With the exception of one old buck  the antelope are all doing well. These  six animals form -the nucleus - of a  breeding stock by which Mr. Lloyd  hopes to establish beyond doubt the  possibility of breeding and rearing  successfully these timid and swift animals in captivity. If care, perseverance and enthusiasm can accomplish  this object, success is assured.  Mr. Lloyd has also a pair of deer  which raised a beautiful fawn last  month. The young deer, which is  covered with white spots, swam  across lire poud the second day after  it was born. This was not surp*.is-  ing, but one was hardly prepared to  see the young antelope follow their  mother across the water without  any apparent fear, much to the annoyance of the wild geese and ducks  that -were . peacefully swimming  around.���������Regina Leader. . ���������  Oldest Living Thing  One of the wonders of the ancient  world, and probably the greatest of  them, was the Pyramids of Egypt.  And yet some of the giant sequoias of  California that now grow thrifty  trees had bark on them a foot thick  when Cheops began building the great  pyramid that, bears his name. Beneath the shadow'of the pyramids Napoleon said-to his troops: "Forty  centuries look down upon you." There  are trees in the grove estimated by  scientists, among them John Muir,  the eminent naturalist, to be 8,000 to  even 10,000 years old.  The oldest living things in the  world today arc these giant trees. Also the species of vegetation to which  they belong is the oldest in the world.  The sequoia tree, exactly like that of  California,. flourished several million  years ago. .We know that because we  find their fossil remains buried beneath thousands of feet of rock and  geologists are able, by reading the  leaves of those'rocks as an "ordinary  man would, read a book to tell wheu  the sequoias beneath them lived.���������  Kansas  City Star;  Lloyd George  He is the Irresistible Driving-.Power  In Great Britain  When there is any work to be done  in England extraordinary hard and  unattractive involving great .responsibility, the cry i-> "Let Lloyd George  do it!" And yet no man in the realm  is more abused. Every crime in the  political calendar is fastened on him.  Old party associates fling the epithet  of traitor at him. If we believe his  detractors he is untrue to his chief  and concerts with Mr. Asquith's enemies by stealth, revealing cabinet  secrets to them. Mr. Lloyd George is  accused of abandoning the convictions of a life-time of betraying labor, of grasping greedily at power, of  cultivating all the vices that honest  men dcipise in politicians. Of la:e  a dead set has been made at him Liy  the most brilliant pamphleteers who  serve the Liberal party. They have  done all in their power to drive him  f-om public life.  Mr. Lloyd cGorge has often been  unpopular, and he has always had enemies who exhausted the language of  vituperation in assailing him. As the  most radical of reformers he excited  such bitter hostility that he could  not show his face anywhere without  being reviled. He opposed the Boer  war with speech that enraged Englishmen of every class. His peace  crusade of 1900-2 divided the Liberal  party. Today he is the most aggressive of militants, and there are Liberals who suspect him of plotting to  destroy the coalition cabinet in order  to raise: himself to the premiership on  its'ruins. His enemies multiply hourly, and they would drag him down if  they could, in spite of his great services to the empiie since the entrance  of England into the war.  Among diem are sincere men who  believe that he is an unscrupulous and  dangerous politician.  It must be admitted that Mr. Lloyd  George when he had an ; opportunity  at Conway to answer his critics  evaded their gravest charge that he  had conspired with the opposition to  forcehis own views upon the premier.  But he abused the counsel for the  other side with all his old vigor of  epithet. It is unreasonable to suppose that where there was so much  smoke a little fire crackled? Nevertheless, it was Lloyd George who was  selected to brin; order out of chaos  in Ireland and reconcile factions that  breathed slaughter one against the  other; and now again it is Lloyd  George who .is regarded as the logical successor of Lord Kitchener to  the post of secretary of state for war.  The explanation of what scheme so  paradoxical is that with all his inconsistency and vaulting ambition  Lloyd George is recognized as indis-  pensiblc to the empire in its crisis.  He, like Kitchener, realized how titanic was the task Great'Britain had  set herself in the war; that it wo"uld  last for years, and that all her resources must be mobilized and-employed \vith_ skill and    daring if the  What a Sea Fight Means  The Supreme    Glory of the    British  Navy That Men Place Duty Always Before Fersonal Safety  What is the real character of a battle at sea under modern conditions?  Wilson Young, in an article in the  London Times, helps us to understand. "It is more ringed with terror  than, any other ': human experienced  Each man commits himself with a  thousand others, to a vulnerable, shell,  and launches it into an arena sheeted  and bolted with flame and concussion.  He can do nothing for his own safety, but only for the common purpose."  If his ship is mortally wounded, he  passes not to a hospital or dressing  station, but into the cold sea, where  also disappears patients and surgeons'  in the very act of operating.  Know ing this, he must go on doing  quietly and cooly the exact work for  which lie has been trained���������-work, perhaps, such as other men do in the  calm of a chemical laboratory. He  may have to perform the most delicate scientific operations with the utmost care, conscious that he has.only  a minute or two'to live in this world.  Mr. Young says:  "It is the supreme glory of the  British navy���������sometimes I think the  supreme achievements of the,- British  race���������that thousands and thousands  of men are always ready to do this  as.a mattor of course; do it easily, desire to' do it. There is no one to whom  life is sweeter than to the average  sailor, whose mental habit is to be ,  always looking forward to pleajures;  and there is no one who can bO atter-  ly put aside the prc-occupation of  safety and lose himself in his immediate dutj'. How else, indeed, would  such events as Beatty's single-handed  fight with the German battle fleet be  possible? If men thought of themselves in such a situation, their demoralization would be indescribable,  and the names 'Queen Alary, Invincible, and Indefatigable would be  names of terror. Instead of which it  is the high morale which is indescribable, and these names are names of  glory."  There are some consolations/which  do not detract from the glory. The  care of the wounded and their sufferings arc not much heard of in a  modern sea fight. Every action is a  matter of life' or death. The mass of  those who die, die at once. Their mortal remains sink into the great salt,  sanitary sea, as their souls are launched upon the unknown seas of eternity.���������-Toronto Star.  Future of the Turks  The hour of disillusion for the  Turks has struck. ' It is the crucial  hour for their government, perhaps  the hour for their doom. _ For the  people it may be a new beginning, rhe  significance of which they can as' yet  but very imperfectly estimate. Russia  -.    -. r ^ ,^������������������ 11"?. 'V^!!.'* 'has some thirty million Moslem sub-  designs of Germany were to be frus-, peaceful  and   prosperous     like  tratcd. Lloyd George is the man who*!,..  Vri.i��������� ...t.:..,       r r?     . t. .,   ���������  does-things, politics or no politics.  Not another man in the country could  have made such a: success of the difficult and delicate work of minister  of munitions. He has no monopoly of  brains in the cabinet, but his is the  irresistible driving power. _ He may-  have thrown overboard principle and  consistency, but it was, in his view,  for the common cause, for the salvation of the empire.���������New York Sun.  Organized Agriculture  Pig Clubs and Bank Deposits  American    Bankers Are    Helping to  Finance Hog Breeders  Bankers in many states arc realizing the value of pig cmb work as a  means of improving rural conditions,  according to club agents of the United  States department of agriculture. Not  a few of the bankers have made it  possible for worthy club members to  secure pigs on their personal notes.  In this way a well-bred pig is secured  and the member can pay for 'it from  the proceeds of the pig as a meat animal or from the sale Of offspring in  the case of a breeding animal. The  member enters into a business agreement with  the banker.  This apparent generosity on :hc  part of bankers is in many cases business acumen. A case in point is that  of a Texas bank, whose president  placed 326 pigs among pig club members of his country. As a rcsult_ of  the acquaintance made in securing  and placing these pigs, many new  patrons were secured. These patrons  brought in more than $75,000 in individual deposits. This was profitable  business for the bank. The boys  whom he has helped to get started in  the hog business arc now on their  feet financially and before many years  they will be making big shipments of  hogs to market each year. The money  received from' the sale of hogs will  be expended in further developing  the country. Every merchant' in the  county will profit, the banks will get  more deposits, and farmers will have  more  money  with  which  to  develop  l'avin'  this  afthcrnoon  for  place."���������New York Globe.  Visitor���������My good man, you keep  your pigs much too near the house.  Cottager���������That's just what the doctor said, mum. But I dont' see how  it's a-goin' to hurt 'em.���������Punch.  a    better! their farms."���������Breeders' Gazette.  Patient���������But, doctor, you are not  asking $5 for merely taking a cinder  out of my eye?  Specialist���������Er���������no. My charge is  for removing a foreign substance  'from tire cornea.  France Provides for the Organization  of the Farming Population  A decree of the minister of agriculture in France provides for the organization of the farming population  in every rural commune in the republic. A commune corresponds to'our  township. In each commune there  has been established under the decree  an agricultural committee consisting  of farmers who are elected by themselves. The minister's object was to  create "a permanent body composed  of the pick of the farmers belonging  to each rural commune, which, body  shall be the centre of action and regulate the general activity." The committees elected- consist of 5, 7 or 9  men, according to the population of  the district. The body is entrusted  with the general organization of fanning operations and the overseeing of  the cultivation of the land. Farms  owned by soldiers who cannot cultivate them arc managed by the committee, if necessary. The committees  really are agricultural syndicates,  similar to the co-operative agricultural societies which are doing good  work elsewhere abroad and in parts  of America.  Even before the war French agriculture  was  strongly organized     and  remarkably prosperous.    Under     the  new decree it will be more efficient  and productive.    In her crisis France  has shown a quickness and logicalncss  of mind, a power of imagination and  adaption,  and a  resource  of  courage  and will which arc the admiration of  all fair observers.   She has manifested  a genius for getting at the fundamental    thing    in  a  sound,    fundamental  way at the right  time.    The  general  scheme in accordance willu which the  French rural communes have been or-.  ganized    is  worthy    and    capable of ]  adoption in hundreds of communities  in this country. It is the small, widely,  ���������vorking community  unit  whicu   Iocs  things.    Organize    large    uniis,    and  thus  eliminate    the personal,     neighborhood  clement,  as  an  organization  of farmers becomes impersonal,    unwieldy and political.    It  degenerates  into a mere list of names,  which interested  officials   arc  apt  to  use  for  political  purposes   only.      The   .small  rural social unit is being   formed and  organized in America.    Where it has  been  developed,    and    given     a  fair  chance,  it has  functioned  effectively.  The idea of which it is the concrete  expression will logically and inevitably be adopted by every farming community in which there is a sufficient  population spurred by necessity.  the Moslem subjects of Great Britain,  France and Holland. The Turks are  enduring intolerable suffering as the  result of the entrance of their government into war. The return-of peace  will find them stripped of all that  makes life worth living. In despair,  they will cling to any sincere offer of  help. Such offers will be made by  those they are'now told to count their  enemies. But Americans only will be  so situated that they can give them  both the material and the: spiritual aid  of which they will be conscious they  are in dire need. It may be our privilege and glory to take the lead in'  saving not only an ancient Christian  race, but a vigorous Moslem race al-  sc from destruction.���������From "Armenians and American Interests Under  Russia," by Rev. George F. Herrick,  D."D., in the American Review of Reviews for July.  ���������Bonny Fighters  As a result, of some recent engage*  ments along the front, twenty-nine  officers and men of the Canadian regiments engaged have been decorated.  By the time the war is over a good  many Canadians will bear the evidences of their valor not alone in  wounds and disabilities, but in some  form of valued trinkets, for:,the Canadians have proved -themselves to be  good fighters. Every account of  fighting in which the regiments from  across the border have been engaged  has contained records of valiant defence of successful offence, and sometimes both; Every time the Canadians have been in a fight the Germans  have known that it was a fight and  net a play spell. The record which  these men from thL side of the ocean  have made is one that compels respect  from everyone who respects bravery.  -���������Buffalo Express.  Real Christianity  The poor of India converted to  Christianity, arc giving all to patriotic funds. Christianity often means  more to these converts than to those  who have been brought up comfort-  lably in the faith.���������London Advertiser.  Family All Ready to Die  "I have but one purpose, one object  to live for," said George Sallis, Ilail-  csdon,     London,  England,  when  the  clergyman  of  the parish  called  upon  him a few hours after the  news  had  reached him that his fourth  son  h:*d  fallen in action.   "1 am the only member of a large family, left to do    my  bit, and I am going to do it. 1 know  that I am well over the military age,  but  the  War  Office  will  surely     not  refuse  a  man  who is  sound in heart  and limb, and can bring down a rabbit '  at 200 yards."     The  clergyman  comforted the sorrowing wife by his side  and reported the language of this hidden patriot to the War Office. He was  of course,    accepted    and    is now In  camp getting ready to follow his lads  in their deathless loyalty to King and  Country.  Canadian Flying Corps in France  A division of Canadian flying men  has been formed in France, according  to advices received at the Naval Service Department. It consists of  twelve aeroplanes manned by Canadians, who have been sent over to  England to join the Royal Flying  Corps.  Most of these Canadian airmen are  believed to be engaged in patrol work  along the coasts of France and Britain, but the aviators mentioned,have  been carrying out bombing enterprises against towns and _ positions  occupied by the Germans in France  an'd Flanders. According to all accounts they have already done good  work.  i'//*--**-^  ���������c; m  THE' ������������������ 'GAZETTE. -   HEJDLEY.  ;b���������..: -G.  a  Naval Fight  Eoer_ War   Did     Not     Cost     Britain  Twice as Much as the Few Hours'   ,  Battle off Coast of Jutland  Glasgow.��������� It took the Boer war  three years lo run us in for a bill of  ������ 100,000,000, yet more than half thai  stupendous Mini was expended in the  course of a few hours when the British and German fleets came into action off ihe coast oi" Jutland on Mav  31.  Twelve times our daily war expenditure blown away in an afternoon and  <-���������-. cuing- That is' what .modern naval  warfare'eosts. A year or two ago -wc  grumbled because, the annual expenditure oi the nsiv'v was exceeding the  ������50,000,000 limit", now wc think nothing of that sum when it goes in battle  in an hour or two.  ll is remarkable how wasteful of  life and money a big naval'.action-is.  A battle cruiser can burn 40 to 50  pounds worth of fuclin an hour, and  usually does so when it is at .full  speed; it can easily discharge'powder  and shell at over ������100 a shot; and if  jierchanee- one of. these ������100 shells,  <)���������' a ������600 torpedo, or a ^300 mine  should blow it up , it sinks a dead los.<  of from a million and a half lo two  million  pounds.  In the loss of ships alone the Jut-  laud coast action ran up a bill of about  ������23,000,000. Hut what about all those  that were damaged and disabled,  some of them most severely?' Their  repair bill will reacha total" which it  is impossible to do more than hint  ai. Let us give the bulk, of it to Germans, and* place-the "total at ������9,000,-  000.  That covers the greater part of the  material damag-, but there are some  formidable items still to come.'Think  of the ammunition used���������and the price  of it.  Big naval guns are expensive things  to play with. For guns of 12-inch, 13.5  inch and 15-inch calibre each shot���������  cordiic charge?, projectile, and wear  and tear of gun���������costs well into three  figures. One hundred pounds will only  fire one of the dreadnought's .12-inch  guns once; you would have to add a  b't to that sum before it would supply  (he necessary for a round from one of  the Lion's 13.5-inch weapons; and double it if you were to make one of  the "Lizzie's" huge 15-inch pop-guns  speak.  ' The Lion could polish of an M. P.'s  ."���������alary in three Io four shots. Why,  the salaries of the'whole'house, with  those of the cabinet ministers thrown  in, would not keep battle cruisers in  powder and shot very long, and if the  dreadnought fired her 10-inch guns at  the rate of one round per minute, she  could make an end of the prime pinis-  ters salary in ten minutes!r Quite a  sport for millionaires.  But it is no use' trying to find the  ammunition bill for the Jutland coast  fight by estimating what every gun  and ship can do. The matter must be  covered more generally.  There is a clue lo go upon. Someone writing on the Dogger Bank fight,  estimated���������with what degree of accuracy and authority is not kiiown-���������that  about three-quarters of a million  pounds' worth oi ammunition was expended in that running fight. Well, in  the Dogger Bank battle nine big ships  fought for five hours; at the Jutland  coast there was an average of about  forty-five vessels engaged for ten  hours or so. That is five times the  number of ships and twice- the time,  which roughly means ten times the  ammunition, or   ������7,750,000.  There is a further item yet���������a comparatively small one this iime.  Ships do not move free of charge.  Every revolution of the engines, every  turn of the propellers costs money.  Motive powers is not so expensive  as gifn power but it mounts up. For  instance, a battle cruiser doing full  speed can get through a thousand tons  of fuel in a day.  Fuel���������oil  and  coal���������in   the  propor-  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLU������  Dangers of a Thunderstorm  Places  Where  Lightning .Will Strike  and Where it Will Not  The fear of being struck by lightning is both a very'real and . a'vc'ry  sensiblc fear, says the Philadelphia  Inquirer.'  But.'lightning can be avoided like  all oilier evils. , It will strike in ccr-  .tain  places  and  it   will   not  strike   in  Women Soldiers in Russia  Russian  Lady   Colonel   Commands   a  Cossack Regiment  While Great Britain and ..France  have vast numbers of women employed manufacluring munitions of  war, and in .many other ways aiding  the allies to bring the war to a victorious end," it "'is'only, in Russia that  the   women   soldier,   with   rifle,   bay-  Letters of Thanks  other.places.      There arc reasons  for ! onel, and in khaki, is to be found.  its behaviour in both cases, for nature  never operates by chance.  A steam engine or a railroad coach  is as safe as any place in the -world  as far as lightning is concerned.-No  one has ever been rtruck by lightning while he was aboard a train.  . The busincs"sv,..arl or a city likewise  is never struck, by lightning. Neither  are tall  skyscrapers ever hit.    It is a  There arc whole companies of Russian women, it is believed, who arc  at this moment, at, or hear to; the eastern lines, ready lo play a part in hurling the Germans back to their own  land.  .Whether' that report be correct or  not, the official records at Petrograd  testify again and again that women  soldiers and officers have fought and  matter of record that insurance com-jdied   in   the   trenches.   One-authority  panics never have any losses from  lightning striking any building with  metallic sides and framework of iron  and steel. .'  A steel battleship is also safe from  the bolt from the clouds, as is a  steel windmill tower. '.Phis is because  everyone of the objects is its -own  lightning rod ..nd needs no further  protection than they can give themselves.  There    is another    list    of    things  places ihc number who have been reported upon at 400 and one of these  is Colonel Madame Kovestseva, in  ��������� command of the Sixth- Ural Cossack  Regiment. '.'������������������.���������  The .lady colonel has been seven j  times iinder the fire of. the. enemy,  borne the fatigue of the march, the  gloom and danger of the trenches,  and been twice placed on the stretcher, wounded, for the base hospital.  Her bravery won for her the admira  which, lightning .will  surely strike.  It i lion   ot   the   veterans   who   stood: by  'will,    strike   ��������� a   country     house  or   a!her side���������men who had fought around  house in the outskirts of a town. It  likes to hit'a barn, church, school-  house, tree, stal- or animal, especial-  ly if it is near a wire fence.  As for a house the safest place in  a lightning storm is your iron or  brass bed. It is very dangerous to'  stand near the bed because you are  taller than the bed. The reason why  you arc safe when lying on it is that  the bed head :.nd foot extend above  your' head. The current will not  leave the bed to pass through you.*  body. The walls and the floor of the  room ..may be ripped to pieces, but  you will be safe as Jong as you lie  still in your bed.  Feather beds offer no protection  whatever from lightning unless thcyi  lie on a metal bed. If the bed is of  wood and the springs arc steel, the  wood on the bed may split to pieces,  but you will .nevertheless'remain unharmed.  During the day the safest place in  a house, is in the centre, of a room,  provided there is no stove near.  Contrary to popular opinion it  makcs.no difference whether doors or  windows arc open or closed. Lightning can get in under any circumstances if it wants to.  Practical Diplomacy  "Papa," inquired a young hopeful  of some seven summers, as he looked  up from a book he was reading,  "there's a word here which puzzles  rac���������diplomacy?"  "Diplomacy, my son," and the old  man smiled paternally as he said it,  "means this: Doing or saying prc-  c'rely the right thing at precisely the  right time."  "Ah!" retorted the young hopeful,  "then I guess I exercised diplomacy  last night."  "How, my boy?" inquired the fond  parent.  "Why,   I   rolled   Johnny   over  into  my place just before ma came in with  the   castor   oil,   and   then   back  again j  just  before   she     came  to  the  other  side."��������� Chicago Journal.  Port Arthur, and on-the plains of  Manchuria. . She has been decorated  by her general and promoted to the  rank of u colonel of the regiment,  which is not a mere honorary title.  -.Then there is Kira Bashkirowa, an  eighteen year old Yilria girl, who  joined the Russian army in October  1914, under the name of Nicholai Po-  pin. She gained'ihc ��������� Cross of St.  George for her daring reconnoitcring.  After being iii hospital for some  weeks suffering from a slight woii'nd  and typhus, she rejoined her regiment  in the, firing line.  In a letter to her mother she staled  that there are three other women  serving with her.  A girl of twenty, the daughter of  Colonel Tomildvisky, accompanied  her father to, the front in September  1914. She had her hair cut short and  donned the uniform taking part in  several. engagements.  On various occasions Mile. Toomil-  ovsky served as orderly, scout, and  telegraphist, and she was finally appointed to the command of a platoon.  She succeeded in "tapping" a German staff telegram relating to a plan  to break the Russian centre and,- as  a result, the Russian troops were able  to repulse the enemy wi'h heavy  losses. ...,-.���������  From what. Count Tisza, the Hungarian statesman, says the question  whether the British blockade is tightened is not very important to Hun-  .garians. According to him, so little  tions in which-it .is 'burned costs oh | gets by the British fleet that an cx-  an average over ������1 10s per ton soj{ension of the blockade would make  that all-swing the Lion ten or twelve (-little difference. And he savs that  hours of lighting and about the same Austria-Hungarv is even less intcr-  timc for getting to and from the jested in the ma'tter than Germany is,  scene  ot battle wc  lind   that she has   because     whatever     conies     through  cost -1500 for fuel alone in that u'm  Wc had twelve ships in the fight that  could do that "fuel disappearing"  trick, and possibly 30 lo 50 other big  ships iiJk.-olved, which also consumed  very large quantities, as well as dozens of smaller ships that can shift an  amazing amount of coal and oil. Seventy thousand pounds would not overestimate the whole thing, and the  enemy, with his shorter distance to  cover, would likelv account for about  ������20,000.  So much for the material side of  Ihc-fight. But what i-hout the human  clement? We cannot really lay down  fiiK.ncial values for them or tally  them off or. an  ������ s d measure.  Hardly less L an 20,000 men, fairly  equally divided between the two  fleets, must have been killed or temporarily disabled. What is their economic value���������a value, ol* course, which  falls far short of their real worth?  Some years ago it was stated in parliament that it cost ������.300 to make and  train an efficient bluejacket. On  this basis the loss in men means  ������6,000.000. But political economists,  and statisticans have agreed lint  every ma*i has an economic value to  his country of ������1000, so, going on this  calculation, the item jumps to ������20,-  000,000.  So the complete bill is something  .is  follows:  British  ships lost    ������10,244,000  German   t.hips   los- 33.064,000  Damage to ships       9,000,000  Ammunition       7,500,000  I-'.icl  90,000  Men     20.000,000  Grand total  ... ������59,898,000  Fifty-nine million pound?, roughly  speaking, in half a day ��������� four and a  1 alf million 7,er hour. Truly, only the  nations that lave fat purses can fight  many modern   naval  battlrs.  An expert in aviation makes the  assertion that a bomb dropped from  a height of 8,000 feet cannot hit, except by rare g������o<l luck, the object  ���������aimed at, owing to the speed at, which '  tho airship travcJn,  neutral countries troin overseas is  taken to Germany and not more than  two or three per cent, of the stuff  ever reaches Hungary. Nothing could  illustrate the Germany hegemony in  the central empire better than this.���������  Buffalo Express.  Bonny Fighters  J\s a result of some recent engagements along the front, twenty-nine  officers and men of the Canadian regiments engaged have been decorated.  By the lime the war is over a good  many Canadians will bear the evidences of their valor not alone in  wounds and disabilities, but in some  form of valued trinkets, for the Canadians have proved themselves to be  good fighters. Every- account of  fighting in which the regiments from  across the border have been engaged  has contained records of valiant defence of successful offence, and sometimes both. Every time the Canadians have been' in a fight the Germans  have known that it was a fight and  not a play spell. The record which  these men from thij side of the ocean  have made is one that compels respect  from everyone who respects bravery.  ���������Buffalo F2xprcss.  Work  of  Queen  Mary's  Needlework  . Guild in Canada is Appreciated  Another interesting letter of thanks  from Her Majesty the Queen has  been received by Mrs. Angus, President among the Canadian Branch of  Queen Mary's Needlework Guild. The  letter; which was written by Miss Annie Lawley, Hon. ��������� Secretary at headquarters in London says:  "That Her Majesty-has desired'-;me'  to ask you to/convey her thanks to  the various workers who have contributed so splendidly to this last consignment. The arrival of your cases  was a great help to us at this moment,  as we are sending out a large consignment of things to Mesopotamia and  many of your things have gone there.  The handkerchiefs were specially welcome as 1 seem to have unlimited demand i'or them." Her Majesty was  much interested in the Comfort Bags  from Yarmouth and we have sent  some to No. 14 General Hospital,  France to be given to some of the  worst cases. Jt is indeed good of  your workers never allowing their  energy to flag, and 1 hope they realize how much their labors arc appreciated. We have so much to be grateful for, not only to the'daughters, but  to the sons of Canada who, at this rao-  cmnt, arc covering themselves with  glory, and one finds it difficult lo express  their thanks.  The following are a few extracts  received from letters by the headquarters in London:  Hospital Anxiliarc, St. Gcrmain-on  Lave.  "There is-one thing that wc really  do need badly, bin I do not know if  the Q. M. N. G. supplies such things.  Manj' of the poor wounded have such  terrible bed-sores when they come  here, either from the stretchers or prc-  vi us bad nursing, and we have no  water or air mattresses, not eve:; the  large water pillows that are such an  excellent substitute. Jt is pitiful to  see their sufferings on these hard mattresses, when one knows how more  ���������comfortable they could be made. India rubber hot water bottles arc alsov  unknown here, but we have stone ones  instead. Most of the garments that  these patients wear arc sent by the  Q. M. N. G. 1 always look for ihc  mai'k and feel proud of seeing it  there."  Hospital Melun, Seine el Manic.  "1 find hospital, having many serious cases, surgical and illness. Clothes  are in  great    demand as  me.,     conic  straight from ihe front with nothing."  Hospital Mixtc, Fontainbleau.  "Well   equipped     hospital    but    no  clothes.    Some of the men still lying  in their clothes straight from'Verdun."  Hospital  No. 9  Bis,     La  Chapclle-,  La  Reine.  "A most pathetic little hospital in  poor part of the country. Entirclv  run by contribution of peasants. Patients very cheery. No garden, so  t'ey sit or lie by the roadside, or take  turns in one wheel chair, lam the  second visitor they had since the war  began. ..Thcy,nearly went on my neck.  Do be as generous as you can."  Hospital Civil, Roc Victor'Hugo 1,  Montereau- fault- Yvonne.  "A visit lo this hospital would melt  the stoniest heart. They have practically nothing and very serious cases,  and receive no outside help.  Home Sweet Home  Home is a Magic Word and We Seldom Try to Analyze it  It is easy to awaken a sentimental  thrill by 'the strains of "Home, Sweet  Home!" even when it is played by an  out-bf-tune hand organ, in a dirty  street, where most of the homes are  far from "sweet." ���������..  '  The law of association is a complicated one. A woman who grew up  among severe privations of a rocky  hill farm, '-.rcm.-'lc from everything  which she now prizes in life, will feel  her eyes grow dim as'she reads'a.des-  cription of milking time, corn husking  and apple' picking, although in her  own experience those duties stood for  backaches and blistered hands and  weariness unspeakable.  Home is a magic word, and wc seldom try to analyze it. A Utile Polish  girl' in a public school was asked recently to .write ���������*. definition of "home.''  "A home," she wrote, "is where.people live, and where a man or somebody comes home and finds people  there, and  thenccats."  "And then eats!" To how many  thousands of men that is the end and  aim of coming home! To how many  thousands of women the ..preparation  of the food lo be eaten is the chief  business of home making.  It is a military axiom that an army  marches on its stomach. So the army  of workers which goes forth with the  sun from the millions of human homes  works by the strength of food. Well-  chosen aud well-cooked it must be if  the home is to rest on a firm foundation. But the foundation is not tlu  whole structure. Food for the body  helps to feed the mind and spirit, but  docs not suffice for them. The Polish,  child must be taught in her adopted  country to add to her plain and bitter  climax, "and the eats," the new charter of liberty and grace: "And when  he has eaten, he talks and reads and  thinks, and he learns arid teaches  others what and how to love, and so  he makes_ and keeps a home."��������� The  Youth's Companion.  To Stimulate Agriculture  Manitoba's Slogan Should be Back to  the Land ���������  A slogan, that represents the vital  sinew of Alaniloba, should be "Back  to the Land."  From statistics available, it is learnr  cd that the present figure of population evidences in excess of one third  of provincial inhabitants arc enumerated in the census of the City of Winnipeg.' And to this startling fact must  be added that upwards of fifteen thousand  people    dwell  within    the  civic  Patriotism in the Kitchen  Economy the    Watchword in    Thes  Times of War and High Prices   j,  Housekeeping, goes ��������� on  in     Britai/i  now in a manner much  altered fror?  the staid old routine of the days b<"';  fore the' war. .Patriotism and nccci  sity   combine to introduce new mell  ods,  r,uelr as  conduce to  strict ecoi  omy,  and   economy  that '  thoiightfi]  Canadians would gladly sec practise  more rigidly in our own kitchens. Pc;  haps as yel , only a section of    eacj  community in the old land have take  seriously    to  the study :, of the be  methods   of war-time,   housckeepin.,  but should any cook or housewife fa,  in her duty in this respectjit is riot f<|  want  of   teaching.   Warnings  and  i*:'  struclions  greet her  from   fence pi:?  cards as well as in the othodox meet  ium of the printed column.    Jt is wise'  ly  pointed   out  in  this   campaign   k  economy that in real thrift   .'not on?  should the expenditure be limited, bi  it   must   be  intelligently  arranged   t  produce the maximum of energy an  nutrition   at    the  minimum   ol    coftj  Health and strength must not suffc'-  in  order  that pennies  may be  saved  An   article     on   the  subject   in     Th  Guardian  reminds its readers that t  accomplish     this  it  is     necessary   tij  bear in mind the relative commcrcif'  vilues of food, as well as the physio;  logical  values;   but  if  the  wcll-nour  ished bodies- and brains   that are th  nation's   greatest   assets   at   this   mo  incut' arc to be maintained this mucli  is imperative���������the economic consider  ation must not be made the primar.  one in   dealing with  matters  of diet!  Even .where    poverty'   unfortunalel-J  makes it so, a study of dietetics wil'i  still enab.J-c a plentiful and nourishing  diet to be supplied.    Simplification oi  household  meals must be achieved it]  is true, but it must not be accomplish  cd at the expense of the health    anc1  strength   that  we  have  never needco  mor.  Possibly  the .reason  why the average English    housekeeper'   finds her  self at so great a disadvantage    with  present food prices is  that until   wa.r  brokc  out   England  was  the  country  in which food could be brought most  cheaply.       Abundance      of      supplies';  brought in its wake carelessness with*  regard  to  making the  most  of food.':  Hence our ignorance of the economic!  value, of cooking    by  means - of the  casserole and the hay-box.  Grateful German Prisoner  Letter Written by a Prisoner in England Praises Treatment Received  From His Captors  Officials of the government    which  'in-jlspf Brandon.. Surely such state I have  sI]*own c0���������CCrii  regarding  oi: afiairs in an agricultural country is j t)lc conc],jt-0        -   -  ��������� ��������� -    b -fa  Fathers and Sons  the" Boys on  According   to   the   'n.test     measurements  of the  Ordnance  Survey,    the  [total     area  of land  in  England     and  {Wales is 37.137.564 acres     In 1915.. ol  this   total   10,965,707     acres   were*   re-  j turned as arable land, 16,087,393 acres  as  permanent    grass,    and    3,761,7(16  acres   as   rough   graziiig*     (mountain  and  heath     land   used   for    grazing),  l-'ach   of  these   totals   was   less   than  Without Works  Father O'Leary was off to catch the  Dublin express, and on the way to the  station he met his bishop.  "Well, what's your hurry?" said he.  "It's the Dublin express I'm after,  your lordship."  The bishop pulled out his watch and  said:  "Well, there is seven minutes yet.  Let us walk together and both catch  it."  They arrived at ihc station just in  time to see the train steaming out.  "Do you know, I had the greatest  faith in that watch, O'Leary," said the  bishop.  "Yes, my lord," replied the priest,  "but what is faith without good  works?"  The Triumph of Voluntaryism  The King's message announces for  the  first time ihc    total  of the force  that returned under fhe same heading in 1914 the total decrease amounting to 77,763 acres. 'J.'iiis reduction j [\\'c 7oumieiH*'eiiieni' of The  is greater than the average decrease  ot the past ten years, largely due to  Ihc temporary acquisition of ianci  for military purposes.  A Good Way to Keep  "the Farm  There  is   one   benefit  that has not received the recognition  its value deserves: It is the opportunity of the father and the sons to work  together and to be together.  It is the habit to say that-men who  win owe their success to their mothers. Like all general statements this  is not wholly true, and even if it  were true it would not mitigate the  responsibility of the fathers. The  best man wilh the best .mother would  have been better if he had had more  of his  father's interest.  In the pell-mell, absorbed life of the  past quarter of a century the fathers  have been thinking more of business  than of family, more of dollars lhan  of sons, and under the circumstances  it has been amazing that the young  fellows have done so well. For, fake  it any way you please, no influence  can help character and initiative in a  son like that of a  father.  And the only way this influence can  exist is by contact. Association is  everything.    Wc hear much about en-  suggestive of active remedial measure.  As matters stand, farmers arc in need  of, yet unable to obtain adequate supply of help. Every winter season demonstrates thousands of unemployed  in the cities and a goodly proportion  of these out of works arc in actual  need, a statement affirmed by perusual  of reports issued by the Associated  Charities of Winnipeg. A horde of  unemployed men roam' the city  streets; artisan, unskilled worker,  book-keepers, clerks. The human product of Slavonic Europe adds its quota;  to.the mass struggling to sustain body  and soul. Sureiy this sight common  upon Winnipeg streets is a deplorable  slate of affairs, an injustice to Manitoba creative ofthe erroneous impression prospective immigrants will  not be assured .work. The acreage of  I this province at the present time un-  6f farm life j der cultivation, constitutes a fraclion-  I al part only of the-lands suitable to  : the plough. Hence a glorious heritage is awaiting, yet thousands of able  bodied men arc enrolled amongst  ranks of unemployment.  Manitoba will, at termination of the  present European war, receive an invasion of immigrants. Any class save  such willing to tak'c up land and work  with the farmers, should be rigidly  refused admittance. It would act toward future interests of this prow  ince, if extreme discretion in programme of policy is adopted. The  late James J. Hill, the greatest empire  builders on the American continent,  and whose death has recently occurred, made the following terse statement at a banquet given in his honor  at Winnipeg a few years ago:  "Fill up your population by all  means, but be careful of the material  you accept. The Province of Manitoba possesses lands for settlement,  your cities and towns can take care  of themselves."���������J. D. A. Evans.  raised   by   voluntary   enlistment  since | yironment.    A boy'*^ best environment  Out on Egypt's sands the Territorials were camped. The captain of the  company was all that a captain should  not be. He was short and stout and  round of shoulder. Needless lo say,  among his men he was known as  "Humphy. One night, on returning  to camp, the sentry let him go unchallenged, and so roused his military  wrath. "What the Bhic Alsation  Mountains do you mean?" he snapped  out. "Why didn't you demand the  countersign?" The sentry trembled  with fear so badly that his wits got  shaken. "Bedad, sir," he stammered,  "I thought you was a c-c-c-amcl."  Caller���������������������������'Have yc . a few moments to  spare sir?  Capitalist���������Young man, my time 's  worth $100 an hour, but I'll give you  ten minutes.  Caller���������Thanks, but if it's all the  h. me to you sir, 1 believe J'd rather  take it  in cash.  t js iis his father and mother.    The blcss-  :,.��������� ���������r tiK.   farm  is   that   this associa-  no less than 5,041,000 men���������considerably more, that is to say, than that  tenth of the population which before  the war was held to represent the ultimate fighting strength of a nation.  In view of what has happened since  it is impossible to regard without  mixed feelings this gigantic figure.  But on the magnificent testimony  which it furnishes to the efficiency of  the patriotism which inspired it, there  is no man  who can  fail to echo    the . .  King's  glowing    words.     There    has      Wife, pleadingly���������J in afraid, Oliver,  been nothing like it in the history of j you do not love me any more, at least  mg ol  tion  usually means  the finest kind  of  companionship.    When wc sec father  and  son  companions   wc give  lhanks  for  that   kind  of  father and  put     all  our  confidence  in   the  future  of  that  son.  When the father sticks close to the  boys there is a likelihood lhat the  boys will slick to the farm.��������� The  Country Gentleman.  the world.��������� London Daily News.  A Bitter Fact for the Kaiser  not so much as you used to.   Husband  ���������Why?     Wife���������Because  you  always  jl-ct mc get  up to light  the  fire now.  Husband���������Nonsense,  my dear!   Your  Said   the    Kaiser,    addressing     the I     uiv     .     (0 ]ight >tnc fires makes me  crews of the battered High Seas Ficct, j j'ovc you a��������� ,hc 1Tlorci  w.    n. ��������� u.    in������  At a British tribunal Tt was stated  that a jeweller, married, but without  family, had joined the, colors In order  that, hlt< manager, married with three  children, might remain behind,  upon its return from its first meeting  with ihe British armament: "The  English fleet was beaten; what you  have done you did that, in the future,  Germany may have freedom of the  seas for its commerce." But there is  no more freedom for German commerce than there was before the fight.  If a German merchant gets an order  for a package of postcards from any  part of the world more distant than  Scandinavia, he nimii appeal to the  Allien as lie has been doinfj', for permission to ship them. All the. Kaiser's  boasting cannot obscure* that bitter  fact.���������Providence Jp* 'nal.  Herr Ballin's Boast  Herr Ballin's announcement that hi-s  company, the owners of the Hamburg-  on of British prisoner's .-in  Germany, have come across a letter  from a German prisoner in England  which they have given nic for publication. 1 have seen a photograph of the  original. The letter was written by  a wounded prisoner. A translation  follows:  "In a British Hospital, 12-5-16.  "My dear children, my dear mother,  ���������How  terribly->������will     the   expression  ii  'prisoner'    echo in your    cars.     .But  '���������  your anxiety  will  be needless  for to  tell the truth I have hitherto not been  treated  as  prisoner,    but    have    received nothing but love and care for  my  wounds,   which  are  severe,     and  everything is  done for me to relieve  my pain���������in  fact everything that can  be done for a/wounded man. : Therefore,    my dear ones,,  respect our enemies. . I always  had a great,   dread ."���������;  of falling    into    English hands,    but  now    that  fate    has overcome mc I  have learned better and I see no trace  of anything but tender love  on     the  part of my forjner enemies. My food  could hot be better than it is although  I can cat very little; I have a splendid dinner every day., plenty of meat  and potatoes beautifully cooked. They  give me almost-too much, but for the  sake of good manners, I eat it till it  is all    finished..    Tea    docs not suit  me, so .coffee.is specially prepared for  me and it tastes as goocl as if you had  made it with your own hands. Could  a wounded prisoner ask for -anythii g  better?      Do     you    therefore    show  nothing  but  kindness    towards    our  wounded  enemies,    particularly  Eng-.  'ishmen,  if you  happen  to  meet any  on  your journeys;  treat  them  kindly  and  remember  how   much   they     are  doing for mc  here.      I  shall     nevcr-  during, my whole life forget the kindness of my doctor and his assistants,  the nurses and orderlies, and  I shall  think  of  them   gratefully  when     the  ��������� eacc bells peal on every side.    Now,  my  faithful   M..  and  all  of you,     we  will    pray    to God    who has hitherto  led mc by his grace. Just now I asked  a sergeant here lo give mc a forget-  <1  \merican line, is building five huge j nic-not; I have got it already and .ears  new steamers, and lhat other German firms arc similarly engaged, need  not disconcert the allies very much.  'The announcement does not build the  ships, and German ship-owners arc  not likely, to. lock up their capital in  30,000-ton steamers until they, have  some reasonable guarantee of revenue  from them.���������Montreal News.  "I've brought back those eggs you  gave mc this morning," said the new  bride, as she began to take the articles in question from her basket.  "They're duck eggs."  "Duck  eggs!'"  of joy come to _my eyes for I know  what pleasure it will give to you.  Now farewell, all of you, may God's  mercy be upon us. Receive the loving greetings Jnd kisses of your  father.  ("Signed)  ("Of  the. Reserve  Infantry Regt.")  "My wife managed to drive a nail  today' without hitting her thumb."  "How was that?"  "She inveigled the hired girl into  holding the nail."  1-jcr���������No doubt you think I am  older than I  really am.  j-lj-T,���������Not at all. I'm sure you arc  not as old as you look.  "We've learned a lot from the present war?" .  "Yes, indeed. Everything except  ���������what it's all about."  sneered  bess. "You're mistake  don't never sell no duck eggs."  "But 1 tested them," triumphed the  matrimonial novice. "I dropped them  into water and they floated."  Sure to  Come Back  A customer walked into a boo* shop  and-asked for :���������. pair of boots.      The  clerk showed him a satisfactory pair,  jbut the customer said that he had not  the  <*-rocery i enough   money   with  him,  and  asked  n   ma?am     l''1" '���������'- co"',:' 'el three shillings go over  until the next  clay.  The clerk consented,  for which after   the  customer  had   left  the  shop,  "iTenrv, how do you like my new  hat?" "Well, dear, to tell you tiic  truth���������" "Stop there! If you're going  to talk that way about it, Henry I  don't want to know."  Delia���������So Matthew is to mar.*y  Miss Corbridge? He's much too  yourg for her, don't you think? Emily  ���������Oh, he'll age rapidly enough after  he's married.     ���������'���������..,.  (  lie   proprietor   severely   reprimanded  im. "You'll never.see the mai  again,"  he said in  conclusion.  "Never   fear,"   replied   the  clerk.  "I  wrapped up two boots for    the    left  foot, so he's  sure to    come    back.������������������  Youth's Companion.  During the war between the Unilcc!  States and Mexico which began in  1847, 300,000 men were employed by  the former during the two years that  the war lasted. ���������        " -���������    -''J' '.-"i'r *'/f *���������&$.: ;&������  i -...).       r-'i,-i  ' ,   '',.,. ',1'IT-Mt  ''/'���������"V-it*  ���������  ���������j. V* ���������  THE     GAZETTE.     HEJ3LEY.      B.     C������  ECTS OF TRADE R  RMANYIUCH CONCERN  FINDING  THAT  TRADE IS  BASED ON  FRIENDSHIP  Germany Will Have to Learn Through Bitter Experience That  Between   Nations,   as   Well    as   Individuals;   Trade   is  Destroyed by Inhuman Motives and Lawlessness  Germany is now finding out lhat a  nation's strength is not in the length  of its unsheathed sword, but in the  range and stability of its people's  trade. And even before the first fruits  of Germany's harvests.of war-hate arc  reaped, the German people, lo their  sorrow  and   irreparable  loss,  arc bc-  , ing plainly taught that the basis of  trade with the people of other countries is not arrogant and insolent Will-  to-Power, but  the honest and much-  "despised   Will-to-Serve.  Prince von Buelow, in his new volume on "German l*\olicics," issued the  other day in Berlin, is spokesman for  this  new    lesson  in   Germany's     sad  'school of experience. "This former  German chancellor, in an accent almost of pathos, urges the seriousness  of the economic situation which faces  the German empire as a result of enmities and antipathies engendered by  at situation will grow yet  ore serious. Jt is Germany's  real  peril after  the. war.    To  ?Want More Aviators  Brave British Troops  Even Balaclava    Charge    Was - Out-  ,    , classed at Loos       ���������*.  Wr. Winston Churchill, in his  speech in the House of Commons,  upon the need of.more men being  placed along the British front in  France and Flanders, gave a vivid  description of the fate of "the premier division in Scotland."  "In the battle of Loos, with other  divisions, it played a very notable  part," he said; "out of the" 9,500 with  whom it went into that engagement  ,6,000 wcrc'killed or wounded. Some  battalions lost three-quarters of their  strength, and nearly all succeeded in  achieving the task which was - set  them. They gained some of the most  important positions, and these    were  Candidates May Obtain Training Here  Or in the United States  One hundred  more  Canadian  avia-  ������n'y -������sl--.iU. *l ���������������������������ter sfasc. when they  tors arc wanted by the Admiralty for  Ihc Royal Flying'Corps.    The Canadian Naval Service has been asked lo  . mc vjeruiaii c*  / milies and an  /'the war. Tha  \ more and mo  ( xnany's  real  p  \ guard against it von Buelow declares  > that it is of  Wi  the utmost importance.  . "To retain, lo restore, and to  f strengthen connections with those  I States "with which Germany did not  j cross Swords, irrespective of whether  ��������� the propaganda of the enemy press  !. and-'enemy agitators influenced" the  I feelings of the people against us dur-  r< ing the war. Here political neccssi-  '( tics must disregard national likes and  ) dislikes, even though they be justified."  , This informed student of Germany's  i trade situation is not misled, as others j tatioii  ml  ft  of his countrymen have been misled,  by  what dazzles lesser minds.    Their  l.opes are based on a  Zollvereiu    of  Middle-Europe, a great and contin**.-  { eus area of trade from the North S'.a  to  the  Persian Gulf, and comprising,  > all   told,  "Germany,    Austria,   Serbia,  j  Bulgaria,   Turkey,  Asia     Minor,  and  '/{Syria."    Every     German     economist  knows  that with  only those markets  German     industries  would  not  work  half-time,' Germany's Sea-borne trade  would languish, and the German fleet,  which must be carried on the shoulders of her merchant shipping, would  "become    water-logged.    All of    Germany's    allies  are, at best, countries  of low wage-rate, and a Zollvcrcin so  composed would be, so  far as economic  trade is  concerned,  little  more  than an agreement lo "take in    one  another's washing."  And over against such a Middle-  Europe enclave there will stand the  great trading countries of Europe,  S Asia, Africa, and America, that have  -sealed -with the blood of their free  citizens their covenant of war, a covenant which will hold against the un-  lcpentant and uncivilized Teuton  traitor in the coming days of peace.  Britain, the British Dominions and  all the British Empire, with Russia,  and France and Italy and Japan and,  sympathetically, China���������these are the  rountries that have learned to their  cost the depth of Germany's treachery, and they will not let the serpent  strike them twice. Caught once unprepared for war, _ they will not be  caught unprepared for peace.  And what hope can there be for  Germany in any compensating trade  with the very few neutral countries,  especially with a democracy like the  United States, whose every principle  of liberty Germany has mocked at,  and whose prosperity during these  war times has been dependent ' on  Britain and the Allies, and in spile of  H' Germany and her proposed Zollerein?  'fi With the United States leading for  j'-J, "a League to Enforce Peace," and  jic for substituting commercial boycott  \y for war against any nation thai vio-  lh laics the world's peace, von Buclow's  i|l schemes "to retain, to restore, or to  strengthen connections" will not  greatly avail: especially will rhosc  "schemes" miscarry when all the advantages of American trade arc with  those trading nations that have held  the world's economic liberty against  the military despots who would sacrifice everything for Germany's world  domination.  Germany must learn, and learn  through bitter but wholesome experience, that trade's ideal world is a  neighborhood and not a jungle, and  that between nations, as between individuals, profitable trade is based on  the good will of a friend and is destroyed by the lawlessness of a cut-  throat.---Toronto Globe.  recruit them and send them over,after  taking the training course for probatory Flight Sub-Lieutenants. Candidates must be between the ages of  nineteen and twenty-five years, of  high physical and educational standard, and first-class eyesight.  Canada has al-cady sent some two  hundred aviators overseas. 'Another  fifty are in training at the Curtiss  School near Toronto, this being about  the capacity of the school at present.  The new candidates may take training either at approved United States  schools or at th*. Canadian school.  There is no difficulty in getting men  to take the flying course, and many  applications arc already on file at the  department here. The admiralty is  keeping the Canadian flying men together as far as possible, and several  Canadian flying squadrons of about  twelve machines each arc now operating at  the front.  After the war Canada will have a  body of seven hundred trained aviators, and aviation may become commercially rofitablc and useful. Government officials here say lhat it is  quite feasible to use aviators in survey and exploration work, especially  in Ihc more remote districts now unserved by railway or--olhcr transpor-  nicans.    It is possible that an  aviation branch of the Royal Northwest Mounted Police may be established for patrol work and for covering the long stretches between the  northern outposts which arc now  covered by dog trains,, taking weeks  for each  trip. N--  Cigarettes Are Used  More Than Ever  The   Consumption  in   Canada "Jumps  ���������   By Over 40,000,000  War conditions in .Canada have apparently contributed to an increase in  the consumption of cigarettes. During  the last fiscal year, according lo the  statistics of the inland revenue department the consumption of cigarettes  exceeded the billion mark, the exact  figures being 1,168,979,046. Of this  vast number of cigarettes consumed  there was entered under the head of  "army and navy stores," 86,936,545  cigarettes. Under the same head, 49,-  900 "heavy cigarettes," 59,3A6 pounds  of tobacco were consumed.  These figures of course, do not include the cigarettes and tobacco purchased from private -stores by soldiers  were handed over to the troops  "One battalion of this division��������� a  battalion of Cameron Highlanders���������  went into action about 850 strong,  with 30 officers. The colonel and an  adjutant and. 110 men alone survived  and took and held the objective  which they were set out to take.  The remnant of these troops, shattered in the first day's battle, were  collected, and 1,200 out of the orig-  ignal 4,000 were asked two days later  lo make another attack. They went  over the parapet and renewed the attack with the utmost spirit. Talk  about the charge at Balaclava and the  charge ofthe Fusiliers at Albuera!  Those,events pale before these deeds,  which, have- been done in the present  day by these new divisions raised in  the British  Islands.  Needless to say, no account of their  achievements other than a very jejune account has been published and  that was many months afterwards.  The friends of these heroes only  know of their glory and of the heavy  fighting in which they were engaged  through private letters.  Four battalions of this primary division of Scotland have been disbanded and merged with other battalions, who arc also short, -and their  places have been taken by a South  African brigade.  These battalions, which had covered themselves with glory, which  had only just been created with such  immense effort and labor, are swept  away, and the officers and men scattered and dispersed to the winds,  whatever their interest and regimental ties were."  A New Type of Success  The Successful Farmer Studies Agricultural Text Books  A country, newspaper has made a  hit by devoting several columns weekly to paragraphs about people worth  while near its town.' In. its hall of  fame it places a young man working  on a farm, and says of him: "The  young man has acquired considerable  knowledge of the occupation of farming by reading agricultural booklets.  By so doing he is fitting himself to  take advantage of the great opportunity awaiting energetic young men  who engage in agriculture. He secures most of his textbooks free of  charge, just as any other person can,-  by writing to the State College School  of Agriculture and to the State and  Federal Departments of Agriculture."  Here arc two simple points: First,  the fact lhat the young man is educating      himself  to   become  a   better  Only One Fate for Kaiser |  Not  Until  the  Kaiser is   Eliminated  Will the Allies Negotiate  With Germany  The present successes of the allies  on the western front combined with  the astonishing advances of the Russians on the cast and the subsequent  progress of the Italian troops in the  Trenlino must have its effect upon  the German, population. The fiction  of a conquering kaiser overwhelming  his enemies must gradually become  apparent to his deluded people.  Whether they will understand the  truth lies with them.  The soldiers in the trenches indicate by their easy surrender that  they arc having- their eyes opened.  An officer with 150 men told his  captors lhat he thought they would  be of more use lo Germany after the  war than dead in the trenches. This  is a sign of returning reason. When  the German nation awakens to some  degree of sanity it will begin to sec  that the only thing to be done is to  take the allies at their word, and  abandon the frightful policy to which  the house of Hohen'zollcrn has committed them. If they get rid of the  incubus -and its sister iniquity in  Austria, the German people will find  the allies easy lo deal with.  It is not the German people but  the abominable system of their kaiser and his clan that has created the  enmity of the world for Germany.  A republican Germany, or a Germany  under any form of democratic government which would give the will  of the' people free play and put an  end to autocracy in every shape,  would sec a speedy end of the war.  It would be possible to negotiate  with a free people, but never with  the kaiser. For him there is only one  fate, and that must be dictated by  the allies at Berlin.���������Toronto World.  A   SPECIAL   INQUIRY   BY   FEDERAL   AUTHORITIES  Splended Work Has Already Been Done for Returned Soldiers  as Shown by the Report of the Military Hospitals Commission, Many Problems Having Been Dealt With   ! o    Advice From Chief Scout  Paternal Interest  The Treat of Going With Father is  Too  Often a Rare Occurrence  I think 1 may say I do not know  a single child and 1 very much doubt  if any one else docs, who would not  willingly give up his play at the  offer of half an hour's companionship  with a grown man whom he can trust  and who really understands him. And  when the grown man is the child's  father, the response is just so much  the  more  ready.  You notice I have said ' whom he  can trust . and who really understands him. And in those two conditions are implied all the obligations as well as all the rewards of  fatherhood. If a boy cannot trust  his father or if his father docs not  understand him, it is likely enough  he will prefer his toys; and 1 cannot help feeling that he shows wisdom in  the preference.  It is a pitiful commentary that so  'many children given the chance lo be  with their fathers, to sit beside them,  lo go for a walk with them, to hear  them tell of this or that, will jump  at  the chance,  not because  the  com  The Duke of Connaught Tells    Boy  Scouts That Character is Their  Greatest Possession  "During his recent visit, His Royal  Highness .the Duke of Connaught  Governor General of the Dominion of  Canada, and Chief Scout, in addressing the Scouts and their officers at  Winnipeg, said: Boys, your character  is your greatest possession, and 1  knew of no organization doing more  than the Boy Scout Movement; for the  building up of a strong, verile, manhood, and I hope that the older members of the community will aid and  encourage this movement in every  possible way. 1 am shortly leaving  the Dominion, and one of my greatest regrets is, that I cannot ^continue  lo be your Chief Scout; but I go back  to my old position as President of the  Boy Scouis Organization, "and I assure you that my interest in the movement will ever be continued. 1 hope  that my successor will be as much in-  intercsied in this movement as 1, and  there is no movement that I am more  interested in that this. , "At Brandon,  the Chief Scout said: I understand  that some of the 'Municipalities arc  contributing towards the work of the  Boy Scouts Organization, and I hope  that all public bodies will take an  ever increasing interest in the Boy  Scout Movement.  Immigration Figures  Immigrants From British Isles Since  1900 Total Over a Million     -  The immigration department has  compiled figures which show that  from July 1, 1900, to March 31, 1916  a period of almost 16 years, immigrants from the British Isles who  went on lo the land in Canada numbered 1,168,292. English immigrants  headed the list with a total of S39.S37,  while Scottish -.-umbered 241,993, Irish  72,962 and Welsh 13,498. In addition,  a large number of farmers and farm  laborers of the immigrating class came  from the British Isles and settled in  all parts of the Dominion without  homesteadmg. The biggest movement  from Great Britain to Canadian homesteads occurred in 1913, when 150,542  natives of the British Isles settled on  Canadian farms. The niovement to  Canada exceeded the 120,000 mark in  1908, 1911, 1912,  1913 and 1914.  In 1915 it dropped tc 43,276 owing  tj the war.    The statistics just issued!  Rehabilitation of returned soldiers,  with the rather complicated machinery which thousands of cases calling  for different kinds of treatment make  necessary, has been attended by most  encouraging results, according to the  report of the Military, Hospitals Commission issued by Secretary E. H.  Scammell of Ottawa. Co-operation  between the medical branch of the Department of Militia and the J-iospital  Commission, together with the invaluable aid extended by the Assistant  JDirectors of Medical Services and  their assistants in the various military  divisions, have helped to simplify the  problem which the Commission has  been  called  upon  lo solve.  In ihe face of a situation which has  never before presented itself in Canada, ihe Commission consider that the  administration up till the present is a  matter of congratulation for them. ��������� ���������  Sanatoria and other special institutions for men requiring individual  treatment arc expected to be needed  when the volume of returned men  becomes greater . At present, soldiers,  who have contracted tuberculosis are  given treatment in sanatoriums at  .Gravenhurst and elsewhere, -at the  Government's expense. The establishment of a hospital for rheumatic cases  and another for mental disorders and  nervousness due to shock is 'under '  way.  Very few Canadians have been  blinded while on active service. The-  few who have totally lost their sight  arc given instruction in England, and  on their return to Canada are able to  secure literature from the Canadian  Free Library for the Blind. In most  cases it is thought lhat men who have'  suffered blindness will become self-  supporting with the aid of a pension.  Besides the problem of obtaining  immediate employment for the soldiers, the advisability of devising a  practical method of placing returned  sdldiers on the land is one that is absorbing the attention of the Commission. This, however, gives promise of  becomming so intricate lhat the Commission advises, a special inquiry lo  be instituted by the Federal authorities. Another large problem which  lies in the future is that of obtaining  employment for the many thousands  who will return to Canada' after ihe  war.  In connection with the list of convalescent hospitals published in the  Commission's report, the fact is noteworthy that all the buildings have  been given  rent free, and  that  many  panionship is  so  complete  and  satis-  show that between  1897 and  1916, 18   0I" them  have been  fitted up by pri  For the year the total consumption i farmer places him at once among the  v  il  l! V  if  4  '  ) v  A despatch from Gen. Smuts, commanding the British and African  forces invading German East Africa,  concerning operations in lhat war  theatre, mentions among others the  following officers:  Lieut-Col. R. K. Scott, formerly of  the Canadian Militia, now in the ordnance department of the Imperial ser-  vire; Capt. H. T. Skinner, formerly  of Kingston, now in the Indian army  (Capt.     Skinner     was     wounded  in  of cigarettes in Canada was 1,051,161  300   as compared with 1,090,125,936 in  Ihc previous year.  The amount of tobacco, 20,136,572  pounds, which is a slight falling off.  Immigration on the Increase  Immigration in Canada is again on  lh~c increase, but the greater volume  of it comes from the United States.  For April and May, the first two  months of the fiscal year, the total  immigration was 12,791, as'against 11,-  330 in the corresponding period.  Of this aggregate 1,601 came from  Great Britain, as against 2,697 a  year ago, 10,279 from the United  States, compared with 7,877 in April  and May of 1915, and 911 .from olhcr  countries,  compared with  756.  While the war largely slopped  British and Continental 'immigration,  the influx from the United States to  the western provinces has been steady,  and promises to increase notably this  year, owing to the demand for harvesters. Many of these come with the  intention of permanently locating in  the country.  Canadian Flying Corps in France  A division of Canadian flying men  has been formed in France, according  lo advices received at the Naval Service Department. It consists of  "twelve aeroplanes manned by Canadians, who have been sent over to  England to join the Royal Flying  Corps.        ,  Most of these Canadian airmen are  believed to be engaged in patrol Work  along the coasts of France and Britain, but the aviators mentioned have  been carrying out bombing enterprises - against towns and positions,  occupied by the Germans in France  and Flanders. According to all accounts they have already done good  work.  best known persons of Jiis neighborhood.  The other point is lhat practically  every young man on Ihc farm can  gel the textbooks for the same results  by using a few postage stamps. There  arc better textbooks than official publications, but the earnest seeker for  knowledge can find his mind busy.  When he gets the taste he will become inlcicstcd in obtaining the better books���������and the way may open  lo a full term or a summer course at  a college.  This country needs real students as  much as it needs hard workers, and  the fellow who wants to be a good  farmer so much that he spends his  lime on official publications has the  right stuff in him.��������� The Country  Gentleman.  Women Sailors Next  A Cunard chief steward makes the  prediction that the Conscription Act  will produce a'dearth of stewards in  a few weeks, and that women will  have to be sought to fill their places  ���������in fact, he thinks that soon will be  heard the familiar response on decK,  but in feminine key, "Aye, aye, sir,"  lo some order to lower the "boats,  clean the scruppers, unwedge the  hatches, turn the donkey engine, and  so forth.  Williani Recn, chief steward of the  Cunardcr St. Paul, says that they  have tried to obtain steward labor in  the United States, but the disposition  of young men there is against sea life.  He adds that there arc no men of  any nationality to be had, in Liverpool, and it may be that women will  vet be articled as "lack Tars!"  Shorter   Hours for German   Women  The  Berlin  Arms  Manufactury has  April)'; Capt. L. C. Sweeny, formerly  reduced  the work of its 4 000 women  cf the Canadian Militia, now in    the  cmloyces to eight hours daily       J he  ,{  '  1 ;  4  Indian army, and who was recently  awarded the Military Cross; and  Lieut.-Col. C. U. Price, formerly a  field officer in the Canadian Militia.  A fund of $100,000 has been raised  in Houston, Texas, lo be loaned to  dairymen at a low rate of interest,  and paid back from receipts for milk  and butter. Jivery bank in Plouston  and njjiny prominent business men  subscribed to the fund. It has been  decided to purchase 200 high-grade  dairy cows to be distributed among  farmers in coastal counties at cost  ipricc.  ���������  She���������How did they ever come to  marry?  He���������Oh, it's the same old story.  Started out to be good friends, you  know, and later on changed their  minds.  c  Vorwacrls urges that all similar cs  tablishments follow its example as  long hours, combined with underfeeding arc proving most injurious to the  women.  That the war diet is injurious to  health is refuted by Dr. Thielc, of  Chemnitz, who according to the Clinical Weekly, has examined 1,055 children and found them on the average  an inch taller than pre-war children,  while their general health was unimpaired.  Thresh by Electric Power  For the first time in Kansas so far  as is known,' wheat is being threshed  by electric powcr._ Nine wheat growers have organized a co-operative  company, purchased an outfit, and secure current over a transmission line.  They claim the cost is fifty per cent,  less than threshing by steam power.  Jt was largely because ihcy put  faith in the iron resolution which they  ascribed to this cold, impassive, silent  man that our people trusted hii.i so  fully. It was his doggedncss in doing  the work lhat he was set to do that  won them, because it was akin to iheir  own temperament. He-had none of  the gifts by which politicians woo  their favors. He was no orator. - He  did not seem to court the multitude.  He had few friends. It was a strange,  loneliness that he trod the pith of  duly, but he trod it, as they believed,  with a stern and unwavering purpose.  ��������� London Times.  lying, but because it is a rare treat,  a real novelty.���������Laura Spencer J-'or-  tor in the August Mother's Magazine.  India's Gifts Increasing"  Both Princes arid People Give Freely  For Cause of Empire  A special despatch from Simla, India says:  News of the recent allied successes  has been received with the utmost  pleasure in Jndia, and has infused a  new spirit of enthusiasm throughout  the country. Boih Princes and people  continue their generous war gifts. The  Nawab of Malcrkotla has "lent iiis  house in Simla, where the Government may accommodate 50 convalescent officers in a nursing home. The  Maharaja of Benares has given the  minthousc at Benares to house 150  patients, and will bear all the expense.  He has also given a petrol launch for  use in Mesopotamia. The Raja of  Faridkot- recently collected 18,000  rupees to purchase ambulances for  the Indian troops.  The Durbars of Baroda, Bahawal-  pur, Faridkot and Kharsia have all  given a number ot horses as free gifts.  The Maharaja of Patialn recently gave  21,000 rupees to the Red Cross Council of St. John Ambulance, which has  received many subscriptions for its  excellent work. It has just received  a'splendid collection of comforts from  the people of New Zealand I'or general  purposes throughout Jndia. From  Lady Chelmsford and the wives of the  Provincial Governors downwards the  women continue their splendid efforts  in the aid of war hospitals, provision  for co.mforts of the troops, etc.  An Anomaly That Must End  Mr. Lloyd George has shown a wise  instinct in linking the permanent Irish  settlement to that of the future Government of ihc Knipirc. Under the  existing system England can commit the British Empire to a world-war  affecting its whole destiny without  designing to inform, far less consult,  Canada, Australia, New Zealand or  South Africa. Such an anomalous condition of things cannot continue. One  of the most urgent of our post-war  problems will be the task of reshaping our system of Imperial Government. That will be work for an Imperial Conference which in accomplishing it, may solve ihe Ulster question aud the problem of our Second  Chamber at the same lime.���������London  Chronicle:  per cent, of the homesteads entered  '< r in the west were taken up by settlers from the British Isles, 30 per  cent, by' Americano and 28 per cent,  by immigrants from ether countries.  Canadians look up the remainder of  the lands homesteaded.  Immigrants to Canada during the  1915-16 period included 27 Germans  and IS Austro-Hungarians.  Kiel Governor is Getting Nervous  An official announcement signed by  Vice-Admiral Bachmann, Governor of  the Kiel district, placing further restrictions on vessels running between  German and foreign ports, is printed  in the Kiel Zcitung:  The only ports henceforth open to  traffic on the east coast of Schleswig-  Holslcin are the commercial harbors  of Kiel and Laboc. Ships' crews will  be allowc'd ashore only within a limit-  el space facing the vessels when loading or unloading. Visits aboard other  ships are strictly forbidden. Captains  and  vatc individuals and institutions.  The list of convalescent homes from  the Atlantic to the Pacific coast, together with the number who can be  accommodated i:i each institution, is*  as follows:���������Ross Military Hospital,  Sydney, N. S., 45; Parks Hospital, St.  John, N. B., 35; Bcauvoir Manor Military Hospital. Quebec; Savard Park  Military Hospital, Quebec, 150; Khaki  League Military Hospital, Montreal,  44; St. George's Annex, Montreal, 55;  Khaki Home, Montreal; Grey Nun's  Hospital, Montreal, 125; Sir Sandford  Military Hospital, Ottawa, 72; Elnr-  hurst Military Hospital, Kingston, 50;  Richardson Military J-Iospital, Kingston, 35; Longwood Hospital, Toronto, 25; Central Military Hospital,  Toronto, 130: Spadina Military Hospital, which will accommodate 250 when  completed; Victoria Hospital. Hamilton, 35; Belvidere Hospital, London,  35; Central Hospital, London, 130;  Kcefcr Hospital, Port Arthur; Deer  Lodge, Winnipeg, which will accommodate     130     when     completed:     St.  ���������ii    i ...     i )iiiuu.iit       iju       nueu       com ylclCCI:       ot.  seamen     will   be permitted     up-  n,���������i', tj���������,.~:(-,i    n  ������������������        ������,      ^    -  it iii i- Oliad s .Hospital,  Kegina, /0:     Ocdcn  onlv when Guarded bv nolicemen   tt       ���������.   ,      A  ,    '        *-'..���������'      .',    ^fe*-"*-.'1  town only when guarded by policemen  or soldiers, except by special permission of the governor.  Discharged neutral seamen must  leave Germany forthwith. All ships  departing from Laboc or Kiel must  have a military guard aboard .o a  distance off shore.  Makes Quite a Difference  A certain New York paper has bec.i  making sonic historical and literary  investigations, with the result that it  writes: "Wellington said that the battle of-Waterloo'was won on the cricket fields of England. Later���������decades  later���������the bronzed and lithe-limbed  athletes of the island Kingdom gazed  in open-eyed bewilderment upon the  flaming indictment of Kipling. 'The  muddled oafs at the wicket; the flannel fools at the gate.'" The onlv objection that wc can think of 10 this  way of putting it is that Wellington  never made the first statement, and  Kipling never wrote the second. This  seems to make a difference when you  come to think of it.���������Christian Science  Monitor.  Hospital,     Calgary,     340;  Hospital, Victoria, 100.  Esquimalt  The use of poison gases is a barbarous method of warfare, but the action of the Germans in adopting it  forced the allies to do likewise. Its  use by the Germans very nearly forced Ihc road to Calais, and probably  would have done so if it had not been  for the unconquerable valor of the  Canadian troops, whom even poison  gas could not defeat.���������Montreal News.  "Do you ever worry, old man?"  "Never."  "How do you work it?"  "In  the daytime I'm -too -busy and jsistant. ��������� ���������   "Nothing      but  at night I'm too sleepy." jma'ani!" replied the youth.  Transatlantic Zeppelin Service Next  Enterprise  It is reported here that a carefully-  thoughi out plan is under way in Germany to inaugurate a transatlantic  Zeppelin service to supplement that  established under the sea.  According to the report, the first  airship to attempt the passage will be  named the Z-"Dcutschland. It is said  she may carry passengers in addition  to mails and cargo of dyestuffs.  "What have you got in the shape of  cucumbers this morning?" asked a  customer of an inexperienced shop assistant. _     "Nothing      but      bananas,  Eggs For Wounded Soldiers  The demand for eggs for ihc wounded now extends to 1,000,000 a week,  according to the National Egg Collection, which up to date has distributed  16,000,000 new laid eggs among the  hospitals at home and abroad. Two  thousand depots have been established all over the country, and approximately there arc 100,000 collectors engaged in this splendid work. "Eat No  Eggs; Send Them to the Wounded,"  is the motto which the National Egg  Collection, which appeals for further  help, is making the public to bear in  mind.  No Solitude for Strathcona  Donald Smith became Lord Strathcona and Mount Royal, and his place  'in history is secure as one of the  great builders of our modern North  America. It all began in ihc imlik-  liest place imaginable, that lost fur.  store in the wilds of Labrador, and  Smith tells us the secret in his own  words:  "People speak of the solitude, of  Labrador. Jt wasn't solitude for me.  1 knew everything there, from the  oldest white traders and fishermen  to the youngest Indian hunters and  Eskimos, and even their dogs. I knew  every turn in the coast line and bend  in the river, and every natural object  had an interest for mc. As for ennui,  I can honestly say I did not know the  meaning of the term. Time never  heavily on my hands. 1 was always  busy, and when 1 had no actual or  definite task 1 was planning."  Men of that sort arc the makers of  ti*.c world.���������Colliers.  A Painful Reflection  I painfully reflect that in almor-i  every political controversy of the hist  50 years the leasured classes, th; educated classes, the wealthy classes, the  titled classes, have been in the wrong.  The common people���������the toilers, the  men of uncommon sense���������these have  been responsible for nearly all of the  social reform measures which the  world accepts today.:��������� W. E. Gladstone,  Two Accounts, One Balanced  To what he described as an encouraging fact and a curious coincidence,  Lord Curzon called attention when he  said that the British merchant ships  lost through war operations were exactly balanced in number and tonnage  by the new ships added.to ihc register during the war. In other words,  the register has held its own against  the submarine. That it should do this  exactly, not only in ships, but in tonnage, proves truth to be stranger than  fiction. The    curious    coincidence  should be inwardly digested by those  who have directed the operations of  the submarines. It shows that for  every vessel sunk a vessel has been  found to take its place, but it says  nothing of the \'rong "-idc of the Gci-  man    ledgei 1 here is an    account  there that never can be balanced. It  is all debt and  in indelible ink.  He���������My dear, isn't that dress a  trifle extreme-'  She���������-Extreme' Why, I put this on  in order that you may become accustomed to the one 1 am having made.  "������������������vl  ���������^*far,i*HfiUi*V**m*t  !!*���������*������i|i������*^'������tw THE      GAZETTE,     HEDLEY,      B.      C.
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���Wt THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.     G.  sspgnorassraBSHHSsssBs  mM^MM  Conservation amd Thrift  The Rubber Industry  jifjccessities in large quantities, fcarin  AU rapid advance in prices. That w;i  [{$ (fit     conservation,     preservation,     c  w  ach. Leads to Personal Gain, and to  National Profit  Conservation  is   thrift.     Perhaps  it  hould  be added���������when properly  ex-  rcisecl. Conservation is not hoarding.  loarding  is  more  frequently    waste  uiu not.    The'miser docs not enrich  ic country. He impoverishes it.   Ju-  icious investment makes the country    || chcr.    It means production and   pro-iThc  Bulk  of the  World's   Supply   of  Biluclion that adds to the capital ol the ���������      f.  Rubber Comes From Brazil  The rubber gatherers in jungles of  the Amazon, tlie Orinoco and the  Congo, making incisions an inch and  a half long, three-eighths of an inch'  wide and. a half inch deep in the bark  of the tropical trees which sometimes  attain a" height of 60 feet and a circumference of S feet. Beneath these  cuts the natives attach small cups lo  ca'ch the rubber milk, which is not  the sap of the tree. The average Para  lubber tree yields two ounces of milk  a day. By coagulation in the smoke  of a wood and palm'nut fire the milk  yields one-third its weight of the  prized rubber, the''normal.'annual'production of a tree being ten pounds of  rubber, and the flow continues fairly  constant for a number of .years.  One of the bye-products of rubber  harvesting, and one which promises  extensive development, since plantations of these trees have been successful in Sumatra, Ceylon and the Straits  Settlement, is the rubber seed which  yields almost half its weight of an  oil closely resembling linseed oil, and  adapted lo the same uses.      ���������  There arc. many varieties of rubber  producing trees, vines and shrubs, the  most valuable species being that  which yields the standard "para," and  which grows over an area of a million  square, miles; in-.Brazil alone.  The world production of rubber  during the year preceding the Euro-'  pean war was 151,000 tons, of which  Brazil produced 40,000 tons, her nearest competitor, the Dutch East Indies  yielding 8,000 tons. The United Stales  in lhat year imported more than twice  as much of the raw material, as Great  Britain, which stood second as a buv-  cr. For 57,000 tons $90,000,000 was  P"id.���������National Geographical Society,  Washington.  j'lliou;   production     that .means  pro  rcss and advancement; that leads to  reatness.    When  the war broke  out  }jjty     dwellers'    rushed    lo     purchase  :eessities in large quantities, fearing  is  or  ,'sc  investment.       It  provoked     the  ry evil that it was desired lo avert.  It was waste..   Scavengers stale that  V: amount of perishable produce that  ���������{is subsequently thrown out with the  lirbagc     was   tremendous.     Thus  an  J:,{ji that should have started with con-  ���������vation and  thrift commenced with  >eful extravagance,  irimc proved the unwisdom of the  jji'ly panic. But stocks had been dc-  . jf'tccl and prices advanced. The evil  Jl been done and the effect lingered.  Reeling of insecurity ' was    caused  ..it  remained    in    the    memory    of  5}|(ilcrs,   who" were  not  slow   to   lake  ' antagc of the situation. The larger  })n profited immensely. The smaller  nt to the wall.   The consumer reap-  <rj|(thc   result  of his  folly.       But   the  '.'.son has been  learnt, and although  Ices have not fallen, the normal con-  I'f-jjjvalion  of the people has   returned  k.,'.lml  with  it to some extent the habit  f' nconservation. Jt is doubtful, how-  I'er, whether the importance of the  Ntcr has yet entered into the minds  | the Canadian .population in the  ���������irc-pe measure that it should. ~  iiltf Conservation, or thrift, or both, is  W\ Jssiblc in the smallest way as well  Bn!|'jm,.lhc largest. Each leads to peril, H,)ial gain and national profit. And  fjii/'-rc is no manner iu which both can  *H.]) better exercised than in the housc-  fq/l,ld and in personal habits. Care in  11 Vr' method of living contributes  not  !f\ | ime to the formation of individual  V'\Wi to what is more important���������na-  ?������.','lima 1   character.    France  learnt  this  Weed Inspectors Convene  Much Interesting Information   About  the Control of Noxious Weeds  The convention of wceid inspectors  for the province of Alberta, which met  recently at Claresholm, was, productive of much interest in the prairie  provinces.  Among the principal speakers during the "convention were: Dr. Rutherford,   head   of   tlie   natural   resources  The Salvation of France  How  Germany  Has  Tried   to Elimi-[  nate France as a European  Power  One of the German aims in this  war was to eliminate France as a  European power. The first attempt  was foiled by the battle of the Marnc.  The second attempt was foiled by  the defeat of the attempt to break  the   .French,     British,    and    Belgian  derailment of the  Canadian     Pacific ! j"-^ and^Vna^-ch^to'CahisV'^Tlic'tTiird  R..ilway;   Dean   Howes,  of the Agn-1 allCmpt was foiled by the heroic de-  cultural  faculty  of Alberta     Univer- j fcnce 0f Verdun,  sity, and Professor Blue.  ;������|Oeat   lesson   from   the   Franco-Prus-  Hilr11 war ''nc' 's hencfiting by it today.  li/fijinada is acquiring it and there is  )������cry indication that    present experi-  .j, fficcs .will lead lo further conscrva-  JP !}\m, to more thrift, and to greater  pnjlsbandry.  u  tf������ji'.ralcs of von Tripitz were doing  !{,.->l|itc a lot of damage lo the ships of  c)i\("-cry nation  the    British    Admiralty  ninard's Liniment Cures   Distemper  ,:tt-:   |w the Submarine    Catchirig    Net  Was* Invented  tfr<"/-Wlien twelve months or so ago the  :.'>:1  [/-"������������������(f-rc faced with an awkward problem  5' \wit a solution was soon found.  V 'rliow do you catch fish?" said rn  .'|d admiral.  ������,Aj'AVIiy net 'cm, of course. How  tp] -ould you catch these mechanical  ft I, -jh which arc doing you no good?  r-ill'1}'' '--c*- 'em* Caleb 'em alive, oh."  pa.\! .What has been the result? The peo-  jV./J'C in Whitehall alone know that, and  'h'-Afl l'ic suitable.ijjnc_v^e__will _h.C_J.olcL  ff. ijiiac���������rri'e"!iu-rH"has"bccn. The iuven-  K-r)Jpn is quite different from anything  j\ </ic would expect, aud probably not  -fc'.'l'ie in a hundred has any idea of it.  H?W;DndonTs 27,000    Underground    Rail-  pm(< way Men  ���������f'fill.*'Sonic suggestive    facts    have    just  [   ' |:cn  published lhat show the pheno-  ;'   ! hcnal operations of the London Elec-  ���������w,J':���������    n.  This is to certify thai fourteen years  ago I got the cords of -my left wrist  nearly severed, and was for about nine  months that Iliad no,use of..my hand,  and-tried "other Liniments, also doctors, aud was receiving no benefit. By  a persuasion from a friend I got  MINARD'S LINIMENT and used  one bottle which completely cured  me, and have been using MINARD'S  LINIMENT in my family ever since  and find it the same as when I first  used it, and would never be without  it.  TSAAC E.  MANN.  Mctapedia, P. Q.  Aug.* 31st, 1908.  ic    Underground    Railway    system.  ,l'hen   the  war broke  out  the   traffic  ���������"���������(Pas scrious-ly threatened by the ultra  jWjiyalty of its operatives, and Govern-  -[ticnt officials had    privately    to    u  Pjviicir influence to regulate the zeal  i ^ibplicants   for  service.      It, now a  LV   'Lars  that  out    of 27,000    employe  v o>V-nn n,,!:*!-.-.,!    -,���������,i ���������.,...-L-/;.nnn ..*������.���������,.i.���������  I f?jVQ0 enlisted and over^jOOO attested.  f> i nevertheless each . of the railways  fl fly.'tliin the group report satisfactory  [' ���������Jieceipts, aiid a big dividend has been  [, ^ fcclarcd for the yar 1915-16.  The  first  3iblc  published     in     the  ���������tfni.tcd  States Was hi-the Indian  lan-  Ji'liiage   and     printed     at     Cambridge,  ' Real Economy  Among the Japanese thrift is a  virtue in high esteem. Two old misers  of Tokyo were one day discussing  ways and means of saving.  "I manage to make a fan last about  twenty years," said one. "I don't open  _llv.c whole fan waslcfully and wave it  about. I open only one section at'a  time. That is good for about a year.  Then I open the next and so on until  the fan is used up."  "Twenty years for a good fan!" ex-'  claimed the other.    "What sinful "extravagance!   In  my  family  w*c  use   a  fan for two or three generations and  this is how wc do it: We open  whole  fan, but  wc  don't  wear it  by waving it.    Wc hold  it still  this,   under  our  nose,  and   wave  faces!"  the.  out  like  our  \  \.l  ass.  </~-  i  Adds a Healthful  Zest to Any  Most everyone likes a hot  tabic drink, but it must have  a snappy taste and at the same  time be healthful. Probably no  beverage, answers every requirement so completely as docs  Stayed With His Pal  The story of a brave Saskatchewan  lad is thus told: "Qnc Canadian doctor, with his assistant," "had worked  all through the bombardment at a  field-dressing, station close behind the  front line, and hear the Cumberland  dug-outs where Colonel Shaw" died.  Pic vyas a ship's doctor from Vancouver who had made many .voyages to  Honolulu -and across; the. Pacific before coming but to the great adventure iii France. '" Of his assistant I  knew' nothing except that he was a  brave fellow who did not think of his  own danger because he could help  other men. When ihc Germans came  across neither of these two doctors,  deserted his post, but 'carried on' to  the last moment, ��������� bandaging the  wounded, who lay about them."  The first, part of Dr. Rutherford's  address was reminiscent. /Lc spoke of  the _early days in -Manitoba, and how  difficult it w/as to awaken an interest  in the weed menace.  After vainly endeavoring to induce  the .government to adopt some means  of checking the weed nuisance, as a  1 .st resort he published a pamphlet  giving cuts of the various noxious  v .eds, and sent copies broadcast  through the province. This caused the  fanners to look arOund their fields.  They found that whit they considered  innocent flowers -were harmful weeds  of the worst kind.  The next lime the legislature met  the members accused him of introducing noxious weeds into their constituencies. On one occasion he found  a station agent fertilizing and watering' with great care, a bed of ordinary stem-weeds.  In Alberta the commonest 'weeds  were tumbling mustard and ihc Russian thistle. He thought, however,  that if the Canadian thistle were allowed freedom lo pursue its own virile course, that it would, in a short  lime, take first place. Regarding the  control of the plant, he advised, "keep  it under the ground; never let it  breathe, and iL must die."  Dean Howes thought that the most  effective means of controlling noxious weeds was to sow good seed.  .Good farm methods were not the  product of modern .'minds: Pliny, the  Roman writer, who lived 1800 years  ago, wrote on the best methods - of  growing alfalfa, and gave advice  which twentieth century farmers  might well follow. "There is nothing,"  he.said, "that a farmer is so lax in  as concerning the selection of seeds."  The selection of seeds came under  three heads: (1) Purity of seed. (2)  seed vitality. (3) Soundness of the  stock.  From experience he. said,-he knew  that there was miich poor seed coming from the seed houses into Alberta. Farmers should demand good  seed, and make the seed men guarantee the seed lhat they sell.  The quantity; of seed required per  acre''depended on its vitality. He had  tested seed lhat only germinated one  per cent.; the best seed is the seed  that germinated the largest percentage  in four days. Regarding frozen grain,  he said that frozen oats never grow.  Wheat will germinate, but it is never  wise to' sow it if it can be avoided.  Frost causes a low vitality, and must  affect the yield.  The following rules were given:  (1) Screen the seed, and sow hi  seed. (2) 'Keep breeding- and pi  out the big .'heads.-' (3) Sow-seeds  grown on your-owu farm. Seed doesn'l  run out, as some think, except from  lack of selection.  I'rof.  Blue gave an  address  on  the j  work of the    weed    inspectors,    and  among other things he said:  "The weed inspector is one of the  most valuable men in the community.  He used to be considered as a trouble  maker when he visited a farm biit  now sentiment is changing. The weed  inspector should know the weed act,  and wh-qn he approaches a farmer  should try to interest him in the. problem of getting rid of his weeds for  his own sake as well as for that of  his neighbors. He should advise the  farmer of ihe value of a cultivator,  and also of a fanning mill, and should  encourage him to have his own seed  plot .every year.  "Farmers claim that the government has distributed poor seed. That  may be true/but if the farmers didn't  grow poor seed the government  wouldn't be able to buy it."  Prof Blue" advocated" good fencing  as. the best way to control tumbling  mustard and Russian thistle, and  then took up the act explaining its  provisions and requirements."  If the attempt had been successful,  it was hoped that France would have  become a mere vassal of Germany,  like Austria, Turkey, and Bulgaria.  The last attempt was made in a spirit  of revenge. If France would not  submit,  France  must be  smashed.  France has played her own part  with magnificent heroism, and'has  been loyally helped by her allies. Thus  ii great work has been done, not only  for France,' but' for 'Europe, and for  the world.  Wc cannot afford lo lose France.  The world needs all its national  types and especially it needs France  which has been���������������������������;' and is, one of the  foremost civilizing agencies of the  world. The world would have been  infinitely poorer if France- had been  cither destroyed or dominated by  Germany.  That does not mean lhat Germany  has not its own contribution to make  to civilization. 'The'.tremendous-'-blunder the crime of ihe misleadcrs of  Germany was the conspiracy to destroy civilization and upon its ruin to  build a temple for the worship of  Prussian tyranny.  But if this conspiracy is defeated wc  may hope for a new order, in which  every national: type will be preserved,  every national virtue and every national genius encouraged. Airnalions  will co-operate for the common good  of humanity, and for .the development  of a type of humanity ������*hobler than  the world' has ever seen.��������� Toronto  Star.  "NERVILINE" STOPS EARACHE 110 SECONDS  CURES TOOTHACHE IN 2 MINUTES  It Seems to Possess Almost  Some Divine Power  Over  Pain  RUB ON NERVILINE  Toothache is usually due to neuralgia in the gums or to the congestion  and swelling of the nerve ,pulp.  As "Nerviiinc" relieves congestion,  you can easily sec why it cures toothache.  Nerviiinc docs more���������cures any  ache or pain���������in any part of the  body.  Jt matters not -where your pain is.  It may be iu a joint or muscle; ii may  be neuralgia or lumbago; it may be a  surface pain is deeply situated in the  back, side or chest. Nerviiinc will  reach it; Nerviiinc will drive it out.  What is Nerviiinc, you ask? Just a'  liniment, but very much , stronger ,in'  pain-subduing power than other Iini-#  mcnls���������one that penetrates more;  deeply in the tissue than any other*  liniment. It is a liniment that cures-:  quickly,  that gives permanent relief.   \  You might spend ten or a hundred *  dollars, but you couldn't buy as much  relief as you gel from a single bottle   i  of Nerviiinc.  Wc guaranlce Nerviiinc: wc refund  your money if it docs not relieve you.  In many lands' it is a ��������� lious.ehold  trust, a remedy that has justified itself  under the experience of lliosc who  have used it. Guaranteed for neuralgia,; sciatica, lumbago, rheumatism,  pleurisy, strains or sprains; Ihe large ',  50 cent family size bottle is more economical than the 25 cent ^triiil size.  J^ealers everywhere sell Nerviiinc, or  direct from The Catarrhozone Co:,  JCiugston, Canada.  A Good. Scout  State of Ohio, City of Toledo,  J,liens Counly, ss.  Frank J. Cliency makes on th Hint he ti senior  pcirtiicr ofthe linn of 1'. J. Cheney & Co., doiutr  business.iu the City of Toledo, County nnd State  aforesaid; nnd (hat said firm will pay the sum of  ONT<; II UN OKI-ID DOl,r,AK.S for each and every  case of Catarrh lhat cannot he cured by the lis?  of;HAt,r,'S CATARRH CORK.  'THANK J. CITRNKY.  Sworn  to before   mc   and   subscribed  in  my  presence, this 6lli day of December, A.D. 1SS6.  A. W. Or.KASON.  ,-(Si:al) Notary Public.  Hull's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and  Acts IhiouKh the Ulood on the Mucous Surfaces  of.the System.   Send for testimonials, free.  V. J. CHKN1JY.& CO.. Toledo, O.  Sold by all druegisLi. 75c. "*  ���������  Hall's I'amily Pills-for constipation.  Russian Trade With Canada  All calculations suggest that large  trade' between Canada and Russia will  be developed immediately after the  war. This commerce will be of grey I  interest to Vancouver, - as it should  pass through this port. In the last  year the foreign commerce through  the port, of Seattle has doubled the  ^f. | record of any previous year, and most  !of the increase is due to trade with  Vladivostok. Jt is not forgotten that  Some of the trade was lost to Vancouver because there were no cranes  ! and other equipment here to handle j  some of the heavy pieces. Wc believe  that a good deal of the freight shipped  to Siberia through Seattle originates  in Canada. After the war it should  be arranged that freight shipped to  Russia from Canada under preferential arrangements ��������� will go by way of  Canadian ports if they arc able to take  care of it.���������- Vancouver News-Advertiser.  A Sure Corrective of Flatulency.���������  When the undigested food lies in  the stomach it throws off gases causing pains and oppression in the stomachic region. The bclching.or eructation of these gases is offensive and  the only way to prevent them is to restore the stomach to proper action.  Parmclcc's Vegetable Pills will do  this. Simple directions go with each  packet and a course of them* taken  systematically is certain to; .effect a  cure.  Minard's Liniment Cures .Colds, Etc  Overrated  German    Efficiency  German efficiency will be less made j t'-'ral  of in   the future.    Its  limitations arc ���������������,.J"  Acclaim Lloyd George  The appointment of Lloyd George  as successor, to Lord Kitchener, as  Secretary of State for War was heralded by an extraordinary manifestation of public cndorsalion. With one  exception, all the newspapers in  London acclaimed him as the na-  succcssor lo the great soldier.  lis   qualifications.  enumerating  is  obvious as  tliosc  of an  analytical jT|lc Pa-1 -vr'1-1 Gazette���������one of Lloyd  t  .v.  This famous pure food-drink,  made of roasted wheat and a  bit of wholesome molasses,  affords a rich, delicious flavour,  yet contains no harmful clement.  The original Postum Cereal  must be boiled; Instant Postum  is made in-the cup "quick as  a wink," by adding hot water,  and stirring.  Both forms of Postum have a  delightful aroma and flavour,  are healthful, and good for  children and grown-ups.  "Tfire's a Reason"  Sold by Grocers everywhere  Canadian I'osliim Cereal Co., r^td..  :��������� Windsor, Out.  conclusion. It solves a given prob  lem, ��������� working from premises laid  down , but it is baffled by the unexpected and lacks imagination to foresee new conditions. It sees narrowly  in a straight line, and when deflected  by unconsidered obstacles, which imagination might have provided for, it  is like a locomotive off the track.���������  New York Times.  George's bitterest opon'ents politically,���������set forth iu the following paragraphs Mr. Lloyd George's qualifications  for the  position:  A Prevalent Sin  Private Dohcrty was six feet four  in his socks; his sergeant was about  a foot shorter. The sergeant looked  along the line. "Head up, there Dohcrty!" he cried. Doherty raised his  head. "Higher!" said the little sergeant. "There, that's better!, Don't  let mc sec your head dow-n again!"  "Am I "to be ,always like this?" asked Dohcrty, staring above the little  sergeant's head.  "Von are."  "Thin I'll say pood-bye to ye, ser-  gint dear, for I'll never sec ye again  in this world."  Here is the latest story from Sandhurst Military College: Overnight the  Hard aud soft corns both yield to  Holloway's Corn Cure which is entirely safe lo use and certain and  satisfactory in its action.  Finance���������As Chancellor of the Ex.   cadets  conspired.    When next morn-  chequer  at   the  outbreak     of  war he   J"?     *,lle s^ffcant:     gave    the    order  pursued a policy which, by    common!   -**.>ln,bcr.   oft   l!'2m   thc    >'ight!"_ the  consent, prevented a grave crisis and  maintained  our  financial   stability.  It  was   several   days   after  arriving  home  from the. front that  tfic soldier  with the two broken ribs was .sitting  up and smoking a cigar, wher. the doctor came in.   "Well, how are you fecl-  I ir.g now?" asked the latter. "I've had  ja   slilch  in  my  side  all  clay."  replied  I th-    wounded    soldier.      "That's    all  j right," said the doctor. "It shows the  bones are knitting."  An American tells of a visit to a  Zoo in Ireland on which occasion he  was much interested in a solitary sea  lion. Turning to one of the keepers, thc American asked, as he pointed  to thc solitary beast, "Where's his  male?" "He has no mate, sor," responded thc Celt. "Wc just feed him  on fish."  W.     N.     U.     1115  I'll give you ten shillings for that  [dog  of  yours,  old  man."  "Ten  shillings! Why, that dog's got a pedigree  a-  long as your    arm!"    "Thai's    all  right! You can keep the pedigree.    I  only want the dog!"  Trade Unions.���������He succeeded in inducing' trade unions throughout the  country to abandon many of 'heir  privileges iu the national interest.  Drink.���������The difficult and thorny  problem of the sale of intoxicating  drink in time of war was handled by  him with skill and a large measure of  success.  Munitions.���������His work in connection!  with  thc munitions supply has been a  triumph of organization.  Compulsion.���������By general consent,  Mr. Lloyd George pressed forward  the question for decision and gained  a victory.  War Office.���������As successor to Lord  Kitchener in the office of Secretary  of State for War his appointment  would be approved by thc nation.  The Pity of It__     ^^  Wc learn from alf"exchange that  an Englishman anel a Scotchman who  travelled lo Jigypt together paid a  visit to the Pyramids.  Thc Englishman was lost in admiration, and asked his companion for his  opinion.  The Scotchman shook his head sorrowfully.  "Ach, mon," he said, with a sign,  "what a lot o' masotiwork no to be  bringin' ony rent!"  i voices rang out "One, two, three, four,  five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, knave,  queen, king." Quick as lightning the  sergeant     continued   with   "All   court  (cards fall out and report to the  major."  The Bukowina harvest reported to  be above thc average, will this summer be gathered in for the benefit of  tlie. people and not the German army,  as had been arranged and actually  paid for.  Work  of the Boy    Scout Movement  Among the Boys of Saskatchewan  Of many trusts that have been  made in the las>.half century at superstition and ignorance,: the Boy Scout  movement is one of the most effective as it i:; also one of the most recent.  To be a "good scout" means much  the same thing as it once meant to  be a noble champion of the lists���������  only it means more. Thc knight of  old had nothing more to fight than  an occasional dragon; he had only to  break into a stone castle to find his  ���������beautiful princess awaiting him. The  scout, however, has to conquer himself. To .speak honorably, to live loyally, to act helpfully, to be friendly  to all, to be discourteous lo none, to  o' ey cheerfully, to smile and whis. e  in the face of every difficulty, to live  thriftily, to think, speak and act: cleanly���������these arc the, ten commandments  o." thc good scout, thc energizing precepts of clean living and wholesome  thit king.  That the Boy Scouts of Saskatchewan arc "good scouts" who strive to  live up lo thc principles is .fully attested by thc place they have taken  and are continuing to take in the public service of our countrj'. Though  not a military organization in any  s-nsc o_f the term it is significant th-'t  over 150 scout officers and senior  scouts who were active in boy scout  \.ork at the beginning of thc war are  now on active service.  On account of ;.gc. '.he majority, of j  course, have been forced to remain  at home. But ever thisc have striven  to uphold the name of thc organisation. Some of thc troops have r,ivcn  the recruiting agencies splendid as-  s' tancc. Red i Gross societies the  country over have had the assistance  of thc Boy Scouts in their aclivitie;.  On many occasions they have acted  as"or'dcrl'es at the various functions  tinder the auspices of Imperial Order  of 'the' Daughters of the .'Empire.'.'At  the Saskatchewan Grain Growers'  Cbnvcnticn' held in Saskatoon in  March they were much in evidence  acting as guides and messengers.  They themselves by their own subscriptions, by holding 'concerts and  displays���������one troop by killing gophers  and cleaning stables!���������Iiave raised  during the past year hundreds of dollars for various patriotic causes other  than their own. And so thc record  might be written, almost to no end,  of thc hundreds of public duties which  have been assumed- by the little fellows in khaki.  To make every boy in Saskatchewan a "good scout" is, then, thc aim  of thc organization which, during thc,  past year, has been working in the  province. Ausgustus H. Ball as Provincial Commissioner and P'rank C.  Irwin as Provincial Secretary arc thc  two men who arc giving energy to thc  movement, and in spite of difficulties  these men 'and,their many loyal assistants arc meeting from day to day, the  province is being thoroughly organized into districts and the boys are  everywhere being made acquainted  with the purposes and aims of the association. ���������'���������....'  Contrary to a commonly accepted  opinion thc organization is not a military one. Indeed, it is opposed to militarism though it responds to the call  of duty whenever it may be heard. It  is, however, and educational propaganda with the tiaining of the boy's  whole nature as its aim. Thc great  war of the immediate future is that  struggle for commercial and industrial success which will follow the  present European conflict, one which  will demand leadership, resourcefulness, sterling character, high ideals,  practical minds .-.nd honest endeavor.  That war will last for a quarter of a  century and, in thc words of Badcu-  Powcll, thc founder of the Boy Scouts  organization, "will be won by thc  country whose citizens are then thc  best equipped in spirit and in ability  t'o.' the great work." Thc Boy Scout  movement is an organized endeavor  to grasp for our growing youth a  great national opportunity.  The Saskatchewan Headquarters of  th : Boy i'couts Association is on the  second floor of the Y. M. C. A. Building, Regina and to that address all  requests for information re th;: formation of local associations and troops  should be sent..  Canadians Burning  Forests Too Fast  Carelessness With Fire Going to Cost-  Canada $7,200,000 More This ���������   - ,-  Year Than Last ���������    ���������������������������  ��������� In war time and while many interests   arc  urging   thrift  and   economy, ,  thc Canadian people are burning    up '  their created    resource's    at a  much  greater rate this year than last, is the  statement which appears in a bulletin-  issued by the    conservation commis- *  sion.      ��������� ' '        .  , For thc first five months of 1916  thc fire loss in Canada has exceeded  that of January lo May in 1915 "by  appi^Dximately ������������������ $3,000,000 or $600,000  per month, says Lhc bulletin. At this  rate of increase our fire losses shall  exceed that of 1915 by $7,200,000.  '  Canada has need of all her financial *  resources.     She is  borrowing money  lo carry on the war and is paying five;-  per cent interest thereon.    The addi?  tiohal fire losses of 1916 would therefore pay thc interest charges on    the  recent war  loan  of $100,000,000    aud  would pay $2,200,000 of-the'principal.  Canada's average annual fire Toss  of  over $23,000,000 would pay five    per  cent,   interest   on  approximately  half  a'billion dollars.    Our fire loss, how-   '  ever, something for which wc arc receiving  no  value,   either  financial   or   ,  patriotic ,is simply-a tax.due in great .  part to  carelessness    which     Canadians appear willing to pay and which   "*  they    as a  whole are doing little  to ,  avert.  SUMMER HEAT  HARD ON BABY  No season of the year is so dangerous lo thc life of little ones as is thc  summer. Ihc excessive heat throws  the little stomach cut of order so  quickly that unless prompt aid is at  hand the baby may be beyond all  human help before the mother realizes  lie is ill. Summer is the season when  diarrhoea, cholera infantum, dyseu-  try and colic arc most prevalent. Anyone of these troubles may prove deadly if not promptly treated. Duritig-  the.summer the mother's best friend  is Baby's Own Tablets. They regulate the bowels, sweeten the stomach  and keep baby healthy. The Tablets  arc sold by medicine dealers or by  mail at 25 cents a box from The Dr.  Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  Socialism in Germany.  From   our  standpoint   Socialism  at  its best is seen in Germany, where before thc war  that part of the nation-  who  opposed     thc  militarism  of  the  Kaiser  fought, under  its   banner.     If  Germany, when the war ends, repudiates  Prussianism  and becomes a Republic,   Socialism  will   be one  of  tlie  potent influences which have prepared the way for this beneficial revolution in  thc  national  life.      Dr. Lieb-  knecht,-    bearing  a  name  that ranks  high in the history of German Socialism, will then become a national hero  because of the courage with w-hich he  has stood out against the Kaiser's war  policy of late.    The most ardent opponent   of  Socialism   in   this ��������� country  must iccognize t'.i,:; it has given form  in   Germany   to  a   protest  well   taken  against  ' misgovernment, and that   it  has in such a case as that of the op-  ,  pressed German people a definite and  valuable use.���������Montreal Mail.  A Ready Weapon Against Pain.^  There is nothing equal to Dr. Thomas'  Eclectric Oil when well rubbed in. It  penetrates the tissues and pain disappears before it. There is no known  preparation that will reach thc spot  quicker than this magic Oil. In consequence it ranks first among liniments now offered to the public and  is accorded first place, among all its  competitors.  Perfect Fit  "Yes, grandma, I am to be married  during thc bright and gladsome  spring."  "But, my dear," said grandma, earnestly, "you arc very young. Do you  feel that you arc fitted for married  life?"  "I am being fitted now, grandma,"  explained thc prospective bride, sweet-J  ly. "Seventeen gowns."  - iSjaV.fi" -    ;,__l  First Philosopher���������Qf course every  young man thinks he'd be perfectly  happy if he could only have his own  way!  Second Philosopher���������Yes, and thc  older he grows the happier he is to  think that he didn't have it!  The  Women's   Suffrage  Society  in  London have offered to take over the  street  cleaning of the  city owing \o  J thc shortage of labor.  Net Fishing  What thc case was about no one  seemed to know exactly. Thc lawyers themselves were pretty well mixed up.  Then an important witness entered  the box and was presently asked to  tell thc Court the total of his gross  income.  He refused; thc counsel appealed to  the judge.  "You must answer the ; question,"  said  the judge sternly. i-'.'.ii  The witness fidgeted about and  then burst out with:  "But���������but my lord. I have no gross  income. I'm a fisherman, and it's all  net."  Wc must beat France first of all  and finally. That done, our hands yvill  ���������be free lo deal with England, for  there can be no end to the struggle  until thc 5oil of England herself also  is saturated in thc lifeblood of its people.���������JBcrlincr Tageblatt. ��������� The saturation cannot begin, however, until the  British fleet is put out of business.���������  New York Sun.  "Your daughter has a wonderfu)  voice.    You ought to cultivate it."  "What for? A voice doesn't show up  iu moving pictures.    But I've got a  boy with a funny walk whom I expect  to see drawing a thousand a week on?  I of these days."  met  s-sssiaT  ii'.:5;jifei^'"^ J  ,*K        I        ���������?*-"���������"���������  Supplement to  -0-  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY,  SEPT. 7,  1916  when he found that Mr. Shatford and  other members of the Legislature, in  bills, which, now that    they are    in'  force as Legislative acts, are proving  a great boon to the industry. [  It   was   Mr. .Shatford   who pressed I  best'interests for thirteen years?  s *    *    *  'Time was when there was hardly- a  decent trail in the electoral district of  Similkameen. Travellers jolted over  mile after mile of rough highways that  climbed every possible hill and turned  Possibly the strongest claim which sharing in the profits and returns in Manitoba to Penticton over five years i ol his district? You cannot, we he-  Mr. L. W. Shatford has upon the suf-, anything like the proper degree, it is ago for the purpose of retiring?. We, lieve. . , > ,  trages of the electors of Similkameen surely time that measures were draft- believe that Mr. Conklin knows noth-j Do" you think that the LiberaFaspir-  who reside in the mineral bearing re-,ed and adopted by which prospecting ing-of the* mining requirements of ant here has that close knowledge of  gions ot the riding is the . valuable I will be stimulated and a better sys- 'Similkameen, that his geographical ^political and general affairs of the,'pro-,  work which he has done in the House' tem introduced for tabulating the re- knowledge, of the district is slight, - vince* which would, warrant' you in  on behalt of the prospectors of the | suits of investigations made by gov- that his" personal acquaintance" among sending him to Victoria ^to represent  province. It was very largely due to eminent engineers and geologists. At the electors is confined to his ^ome you,in Opposition? Do you believe that  his efforts that Hon. Lome Campbell, I the" present time^ mining reports are .town and elsewhere is merely superfi-, Similkameen would-be benefitted������ by  minister of mines, brought down such' issued regularly^and are excellent cas cial. ' " j having him* as member instead* pf a  -a valuable mining programme at the, far as they go, but I believe much bet- The years' gone by have shown that man wno l3as stood for the district's,  last session of the House. Hon. Lome iter results would be secured if more -*,{r_ shatford has' been able to get a best'interests for thirteen vears?.  Campbell had many improvements'' definite information - were given' re- ver'y good appropriation indeed each |  which he desired to make-in regard to, garding specific properties visited, in- year j-*or his district. This rhonev has'  the mining laws of the province, and   asmuch as it would then be possible  been fairly spent, and    has-  done    a  for a prospector to get-an expert re-  great deal of good not only in the ad ;  port upon his property and in this way  -iRion of much needed public utilities, I  close touch with the mining afairs of t be enabled to offer his holdings in an  but jn the* providing of work for rate-  B. C, were all exceedingly'anxious to j intelligent manner to capitalists. payers. No argument has been'raised, every Possible s sharp corner.:  have legitimate mining aid in every | "Another innovation I would recom- by the Liberals with regard to . Mr. I But that da-y has gone. L. W. Shatf-  possible way, it did not take him long mend for the benefit "of the prospector Shatford's ability or character. They ford has represented- Similkameen in  to introduce a   number   of   valuable   would be the installation   of   govern-  universally admit that he has proven   the Legislature for thirteen years, and  ment owned assay offices, at which an excellent representative for Simil-' m that thirteen years of hard work  free, or at least cheap assays could be kameen. For an instance of this note a for tne district he has given it the  made for prospectors and bona fide the remarks made by Mr. Brewster P������"oud name of having the best roads  free miners. Under present conditions while in the riding in his references in the interior ot British Columbia,  vigorously for free assays for the our prospectors are "sadly handicapped to the ex-member, who is again the  prospectors, and his    demands    have t because of the expense in connection  Conservative candidate here. !  been met by the government to a very with assays, and consequently they do premier Bowser's tour of the south-'  considerable extent. It was the Simil- not produce the 'best results and, in ern interior has made it clear that  kameen member also who suggested, many cases, lose a great deal of time this section of the province will go  that the government maintain bureaus through operating in unproductive dis- strongly for the government. A writ-  at which it would be possible to ob- tricts. Such a condition is certainly er m the Province, which is generally  tain complete and accurate data with {not in the best interests of the pro- regarded as a paper .presenting un-  regard to the mineral bearing areas, i vince or the prospector, and I believe biased news reports, states that out  It is his idea furthermore that the pro- great good would be accomplished if 0f IC seats in. the southern interior i  vince should be divided into mineral   the government could-issue, with each  districts, each with its own office and Free Miner's License a book of cou-  engineer and with its own information ' pons which would entitle the holder  bureau for the benefit of the prospec- to, say twelve free assays during.the  tor and the intending investor. The year," and at the same time make pro-  local member urged upon the govern- vision to give the bona fide prospec- sHfuen���������v ret���������rnine an nnncv-n'rinn  ment the advisability of making an ap- ��������� tor a further amount-of assays at a SVs nothat"oDMS of  propriation to assist in building roads . nominal charge. *       , ���������4���������^' Some ?ts reauSeSs  which  to promising claims, and    of    having!     "i would also suggest that the pro   presslng '-ome its r&ivarementa, which  That is a record which was not by  any means lightly achieved. It took a  great deal of patient, persistent endeavor. Other members thought that  Similkameen was getting too big an,  appropriation and they should hate  more. But L. W. stuck to his guns  year after year and every session  brought home to Similkameen a satisfactory vote oy which it was possible  the Bowser government should earrvi to make the"many road and bridse Im-  ftfrtSS Th^STJS doubt oi^ the reyiKements which now grace the dis"  iT������w?,rn?������n^ N<*w roads are ouilt w������>ere a need  a majority of from 15 to 20 seats. is shown and it is doubttul i������ there is  It is well known that a country con-  a settler in the whole district who has  government engineers give free assistance in examining claims and in a  sense putting the seal of approval on  them insofar as the claim owner him  self is concerned. The government has  done a good deal during the past ses-  ing properties -brought to theiratten  sion for mine owners and prospectors   tion, and such   information   tabulated  not access to a splendid    trunk   road  which  will take him to market with  the least possible delav or inconven-  lt'would enjoy in the event of return-  ience  which would be placed under the di-  TLVt?n^kl?^yider^mer\-^ r������lt b-U,IdI?S    ProSra���������ra<V ������*  rection  of  competent  engineers.      It Sb'eVal or"Conse'rvaUve TIs   us?������  %���������*?S^^s^^X!3������Z  toTnvesLatl S?���������������%^ff%������'tne ������f Nova SCOtia and AIber'ta aS ������f ���������������-������-whSta France.aUnoIg^lZfTe  to investigate and report upon all min: Ontario  or  B. C.'    On  that  ground,  vince be divided into mineral districts  fnd no doubt will do more when-it is  returned to power.  Mr. Shatford has been given assurances that the additional Improvements which he desires and which  have merely ben touched upon so far,  will be provided next year. This is encouraging news. Further appropria- tion to guide him in different locali  tions for thebuilding of roads to min-   ties the prospector could work intelli  few districts which got as' good re-  then, Mr. Shatford would prove to be SU-TS as this one. The government of  a much more valuable member than this province believed that if settle-  Mr. Conklin. ment in B. C. was to be encouraged,  We have then the fact that he and if its tourist advantages were to  knows the district better than his op-  be advertised it    was    necessary    to  for ready reference in the local district office, as well as in the department of mines. These reports need not  thesVci of the ore bodv and its assav^ Ple-be"er; that he has had a good famous country a road system costs a  resuls With such valuaWe Interna- deal ������f Par-iam---iitary experience and great deal. There were only two ways  results. YWtn such valuable    mtorma   has  thfl ear Qf the government   and  to raise the money, tax the sparsely  that as a supporter lof an administra-  settled  population,, or Drov.ide    funds  Liuna" Lor Lilt* - uuuuiiis  ui   ruaub   iu  mill-    Lies   uicyiuaycuLui   uuum wuia iulciii-    ,.������   _  ',���������v.i������v.   *.-.  *������  u������  ������������*.,.������������������^-j.A'������*-.������-    j? :���������   ti.--.Ai    -������-    e a   '���������i -    ���������  eral claims, practically unlimited free  ^tiy.and^e,Inv^  assays for bona fide   prospectors,   in-' to get quickly, reliable information reformation bureaus where complete and   garding any  section  of the province���������������������������?-!"������"������ h*i"  nlLn^  accurate mining data may   be   tiled,  and  without undue" expense.      There      os- 0I "is .opponent,  mining districts with separate engin-   may  be objections to such a course,  .valuable to the district   than    would  and leases,   mining   leases,    and    so  One would certainly not    wish  ���������;. forth. Naturally the latter course was  to   the��������� proper one and  it was  adopted.  SI.!^^W^,a" ������"������*!���������������������  ^f ������,^ 'S^^ZE'Z^l  ln.s1SSn!an, *������������ SUS^E  K "of ������,i-?w^t?e ^bSS^t  indicate that the local member is on of capital, which is the only way we  the right track in regard to the mining situation. He knows the mining  game, he has the interest of the claim  owners and prospectors at heart, and  he will no doubt receive' their support  on September 14. - i  Read what he has to say about mining development in the House last session before the mining legislation was  brought down.    '  "The mining situation in British Columbia is showing signs of great im-  -provement, and this in spite of the a-  pathy and indifference shown by many  of our business men,. It is my opinion,  and one that is shared by many, that  mav  ever'evnect  the desired  mineral   more  aSSressIve  in  pressing   forward   chose?  Yet the  Liberals  cry  to  high  may  ever e..peci  tne  aesiren   mineral   H      inia.^tc    ������f    Q*���������iib-o,v,oQr.    *���������-,������,���������   ho^on  .>>.���������..c  *t~o, ������,i-������<.<no+- ������������������ ~i> *i.���������  production.   It  is  not  expensive,  and  good returns are assured."  -'���������'-        ���������*-.'*   *  in choosing a representative in the  Legislature there are a number of  questions which electors of Similkameen should-think over. In" the first  place  they naturally desire    a    man  the interests of Similkameen than  would the reeve of Penticton. That is  a point worth regarding, however.  ; It would seem to the ordinary persons that, the contest in this constituency simmers down to one or two  issues. |  Has Mr. Shatford been a good repre-  heaven about the "dissipation" of the  natural resources of the province.  Would they have made a direct tax on  the people, or would they have left B.  C. without any road system such as it  now has?  If British Columbia   had    no   such'  roads how could it take care of its pre-  sentative?      Has he obtained for his  sent farming and mining, population,  who knows their needs.    We suggest  district the things he should get? Has  much less the population which it ex-  that L. W. Shatford is more valuable   "  to them in  this  respect  than   the  esteemed reeve of Penticton, Mr. R. S.  Conklin. In the first place Mr. Shatford   is  an  old-timer  of the  Similkameen, having lived in the district for  he been true to the trust which the pects to have with the- .after-the-war  electors reposed in his during the immigration? Hoiy;"could . it induce  past thirteen years? Is he support- ~tourists from the^United States to mo  ing a government which deserves to tor up into these������.valleys?^; v V  be returned and which will be return- The government of this, province in  ed.    Will he do more for us than the  its public works 'expenditures on roads  we are on the eve of an era of great upwards of twenty years. .He has "be?n other man. The answer in each case  has followed a far-seeing and valuable  mineral development   and   expansion, a member for   13   years.     Naturally is YES. Think it over.                               policy of which we will reap the fruits  Evidences of this can be observed on* then, he is time .tried and experience Mark your ballot for Shatford. He  for all time. L. W. Shatford did all and  .every, har-^, and it seems that there is ed. He understands the peculiar needs is time tried. You know him. You have  more than his share when he built the  an abundance of capital awaiting the of each section of Ihe district;  he is known him for yeavs.      Can you find  roads of the Similkameen. .  favorable opportunity to enter the pro- well able to makes fair and  proper any fair minded man who can say a      Do you not think that his good roads  vince and open up our mines''.     When division  of   the  moneys  appropriated word  against his ability,  his  charac-  record alone, apart   altogether    from  we consider the prevailing high price for expenditure here. Can the same be ter, his reputation, his strength as a. his  other claims,  will entitle  him  to  of metals and the fact that we are not said of Mr. Conklin, who came from legislator who can fight for the needs  your vote"on September 14.  Mark Your Ballot for  j The Liberals say "Vote against Shatford, not because  of his personal record, for it is a good one, but because he  is a supporter of the Bowser government."  We say "Vote for Shatford, not only, because of his  good personal record, but also because he is a supporter  of the Bowser administration." .   -  - <- In other advertisements published in previous issues  . of this paper readers have been told of the work that Mr.  Shatford has done for this district'in the way of getting  appropriations for schools,- hospitals, bridges, roads-and  creek protection- work, of the reputation he has built up  as "Good'Roads" Shatford, of the stand he has taken on  behalf of miners and soldiers' and of the part he" played  in connection with bringing railway transportation to this  district. -        .-..."       . " *  "Now what about the Bowser government?  Compare the promises made by the premier in. his  manifesto o'f*,December 15, 1915, with the,actions of the  government. You will find that his promises have been  kept. .   -  PROMISES  DEEDS  Business policy;  keep B.  C. credit high.  Complete railways under  construction.  Aid to farmers at once.  Separate  department   of  agriculture.  Assistance to mining.  .Aid to shipbuilding; extension of lumber markets.  Aid to, soldiers.  WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION.  Borrowed two million- dollars at lower interest than  Anglo-French loan.  P. G. E. forced to resume  work; C.N.R. lays steel on  Vancouver Island . and  starts on the Okanagan  branch.  Agricultural credits board  formed; loans now being  made.  Hon. Wm. Manson now in  charge.  Roads and trails provided;  prospectors given further  rights.  Ten ships now in course of  construction; advertising  campaigns extended.  Twelve Acts passed by 1916  Legislature.  MOST ADVANCED ACT  IN AMERICA PROTECTS WORKERS OF  B.C.  MR. BOWSER IS A MAN OF HIS .WORD  When on December 15 the leadership of the government of British Columbia passed from the hands of Sir  Richard McBride into those of the Hon. W. J. Bowser,  Attorney-General, the new Premier issued a manifesto  to the electors. In that manifesto he outlined his conception of the responsibilities which had been placed upon his shoulders, and announced the policy which he intended to pursue, in fulfilling that obligation. That policy-  he has in one legislative session completely carried out.  WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION  The workers of British Columbia have been given  the most advanced Compensation Act in America.     Im  dustrial accidents will no longer keep a portion of the  'population'in poverty and anxiety while, costly litigation  runs its uncertain course. -    -  MILLIONS FOR FARMERS  A million dollars has been placed at the disposal of  the tillers of the soil, who" for the want of capital have  been unable to.obtain-the. maximum production -from  their land. For the first time in the history of the province, a separate portfolio,of agriculture has been created, with, a minister whose sole, responsibility is the development and protection of ,the "agricultural industry.  AID TO MINING  Production of wealth from the ground has, been given  a stimulus-by the appropriation of $200,000 for the sole  purpose of building and improving roads and trails to  convey British Columbia's mineral output" to market  Prospecting for new treasures has been encouraged by  -the granting of further privileges and rights to the hardy  adventurers who follow that occupation.  RAILWAYS WORKING  The McBride railway policy, which brought development and prosperity to the province until the strings of  the money bags were drawn tight a couple of years ago  in anticipation of the inevitable European" war, has been  taken in hand once more. The Pacific Great. Eastern has  been set to work.under strict government superintendence at the'finishing of its all-important line. Pressure  has always been brought to bear on the Canadian Northern, with the result that steel has already been laid over  a good.portion of the Island line, and ferries and wharves  are in course- of construction for the Georgian carferry  service- Work has also been resumed on the construction  of the branch line from Kamloops-to Vernon and Kelow-  na. "      ��������� ���������      ' ���������  SHIPBUILDING    >  An outlet for British Columbia's enormous timber  production is being provided by the building of ten cargo-  bearing ships, whose construction under a. system of government aid has proven a boon to the seaports. Applications for aid for more of these ships are in hand. The advertising campaign of the merits of British Columbia  lumber has been extended in several new fields.  SOLDIERS CARED FOR  . Twelve separate acts have been passed to preserve all  the interests of the absent soldiers, and to provide opportunity for their once more entering upon valuable productive occupations at the end of the war. Provision for the  care of the maimed ones is also given under a commission  appointed to deal with the question.  KEEP CREDIT HIGH  These determined efforts to improve conditions inutile province have met with recognition on.the mon&y  markets. Since Mr. Bowser assumed office, Britis-^lToi-  umbi'a has floated two loans at a lower rate .of" interest :  than the same market, the United States, granted to the  combined governments of Great Britain and France a few  months before.  OTHER SUBJECTS  The provision of public markets is being inquired into by the new minister of agriculture, and :the colonization policy is partly outlined in the Homestead Act of'the  recent session. This act provides for much elaboration  of its provisions by administrative means:  Record Merits Support  i.* ���������

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