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The Hedley Gazette Sep 14, 1916

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Array ���������: . ,<?-'. <-', .*,".>  -"���������*-   >���������  " -. "** > *" i "  v    -*���������-*>������������������ a-*"^ v-~ T* j* rr"-^"T*tV,*f i j- Jr-V" *t7 '"*7 " 7'', "TlT f1",". W ������' *-.*>'^vv1 "g-J1 l'J"iy'','!BB'l'Wr qyiBj!* *w*jrr^iw*B**a**a-**(ii-tiBi i j^-mi j if ���������K&iiiuimiama*3*m*mMw \��������� ���������??���������?  'a.  W..    ���������   ?      *--  ***    <��������� ***   V 'tl*'*F-'h'  - u-*-F,.-r  ~.f-'^*5  . - ** "-','"p>-  ^P������LEIVB: C., THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER  14,   191G.  Travel by Autocall up Phone No, 12  IT A good spopk f*% Horses and Rigs on  Hand.   9F Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  .. PflLfl6fc  yvery, Feed & Sale Stables  H15DX.EY   B. C  &, 4, JNNIS  I'hono 12.  C      -  Proprieto'  N, THOMPS   n - I'lIONK SKVMOUR 59tt  ,*    MGR. V/PSTORN CANADA-'.  Cammell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturere  '    ' Sheffield, Eng. c  Offices mid Warehouse, 847413 Beatty Street  " Vancouver, B. C. _ -  A. F. & A. M.  -REGULAR monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodg-c No. 43, A. J*\& A. M.,  jup hgld on the second  .  paoh month in Frafb'-nT'-j/ J*./".!1. pPff-S*  aro held on the second Friday in  j,_.. .^..oh in FififcrnTty toll, Hp.dlqy "*-���������---���������-- ~  brethren aro coi'dmlly uivifpd tp at*tf"*)fl  Visiting  M..SPRQUUB,    '  ' W. M"  g. B, HAMILTON  gpcret-iry  L, O. L.  1 5 { Tho Rounlar    meeting*" of  Hedley Lodgo' 1714 (ire lrold on  the  fii-st and third Monday in  ���������. .every month in the Orange Hall  !P  Ladies meet 2nd and 4 Mondays  Visiting brethern aro cordially invited       __  XV. LONSDALK, W. M.  *Ff. E. flANSON, See't.  M'j "wr-^^u ?i.nm">9i2X3&5*l!, "U'JUL^AI'JL,  ;R. P.BRQWN  "     British Cp>umjil������ 1^4 JMryeysr  Tel. No. 'it -      '        P, 6. PkaWKB IW  PENTICTON,  B.C.  i  4  P. WrGREGORY^  PIVJL  ���������ei-'GINKER  and BRITISH  'P0L*J"14PIA LANI) SURVEypH  Star BHiWing "' "���������?       Princeton  WALTER CI.VYTON C,   E,   HABKINR  CLflyTON & finSKIM  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO  LOAN  PENTICTON, - B. C.  (I,  He-lley Opera House  ji. I. JONES, Manager  A.  lai-gp,  cqinmodioufl  hall -for  flaiqces qy other entertainment.  il^'cJ9'^������^^'rt������'i������'J������l������i������Jtl������JlJ������S������^i������5������3������i������y         *        I  Grand Union |  Hotel I  HEDLEY,  British CQluniNa  Rates���������$1.50 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  %  X  X  X  X  Mr. Carle' was in Hedley Mon  day on business.  Mr. Loung rode to Orovilloon  Fridny, returning Siindnj'.  Mr. Greer, of Penticton was a  visitor in Keremeos on Th'ur.s-  diiy evening.  Miss Betty Richter opened  her .'now. tennis court on Sunday at Ingle wood.   ,  Mi*.. I), J. Innis motored lo  Pentietpn ��������� on Sunday, accoip-  p^pied by Mr. Siiatford.  Mi-. Co|m.J!j,i"i ' motored to  Princeton Saturday* niorjriing,  returning in the eyening.  Mrs. IT. K. Loung entertained  a few of her friends at tlie "tp.q,  hour on Friday of tost \yeek'.  Mrs, J,' VV: Aiu-iis^-qng entertained a few. of her friends at'  tlie tea hour one day last week.  Mr.  Mott   of   Penticton   has  been very busy this, week overhauling'and fixing up cars here.  Mr.  Po}e*fnfl.n.and Mr.  J. D.  Smith   lnqtored   (;o   Pintipion,'  Kaleden 'and Fairview on Tuesday,  Messrs. War-del and Broom-  field motored fronr Princoton  on Saturday and spent a few  hours-in town. ���������  Messrs. Daly and Keeler  motored to Penticton last wpek  Wrtl"| tj*e cjeje^atec- and'yislting  menitbers'to tjie W. I. conference  Mrs, D, ,J. Taylor ]eft icir the  coast on .Monday's train accompanied by her dough tor, Miss  Helen, who will attend school  there. C  Morris Daly motored to Prince-,  ton'^ou'* Saturday "evening,   accompanied     by    Messrs.    Mac-.  !GQ\van,,   --Vnnstrp'ng   and   jOar-  mipbael. ~  Miss Bita Kjrby retiirned  home oh Sunday from Penticton on Sunday, after spending  a delightful two weeks with  Mrs. (Dr.) White.  The Ladies' Aid will hold  their annual Thanksgiving dinner in the .Town hall on Monday evening,]October 9th. Don't  forget the date.  Mr. J. D. Smith ot the Bank  of (Jonimerce, Nelson, formerly  of the Kereineos brniich, i.*- liere  spending Jijs iioljdiiy;-* tho g.i]pst  pf Mr. and Mrs. Carle.  Mr.     Parry    iVnnstrong     of  Vancouver   yisited    with     his  parents here  on  Snturdny, re  turning    to   Princeton   in   the  evepjny to catch the const train.  After having so much trouble  trying to'get a through service  on the Great Northern, it is, instead of a th reiugh service every  clay,   to   be  only  a  tri weekly,  JMc&Igj&o,^ qa ClalK,   Miss  ���������;&i)K)i-oii andcAf4s^ F. Dally.  X%y--^h'}t^U("^(^������-^''vntivo  cairtmja^ti-m'on'SiiniVi&fnoou, mid  A, H. B. MacGowad of Vancouver spoke to n Itu-go ftiullenco in  the town hall Saturday evening.  Both spoakors  expressed  nuich  pleasure at seeing so  many of  the fair sex in the audience, and  said they, had littlo. doubt that  the ladies votes would  have to  be reckoned -tyilh in fqtuvo elect:  tions.   The chair was ably fil|ec]  by Mr. Alex. Morrison, who itlso  g^ve ���������> short address on pi'ohjr  bitiQn.  Three carjotuls attended the  W. I. "ponfej'enoo  hold  in Pen-r  ticton    last     Wednesday    ond  Thursday,   The" Indies   of. the  Fentipton   lnatiiti*it������    pei'tainly  gave the/Okunagan" and Similkameen Institutes a gcjorl time.  There  was a roeo'ption  in the  sun  room  of  the-Incola hotel,  followed by a corn roast on the  beachon Tuesday evening.    On  Wednesday   there  Ave re   three  .iutepgsiiing i-neetings helfi.nior-n-  ing,   aftefnpQn   ftud - evening,  Son;e'very good   popera Avere  given 1'ond   discussed    by 'tho  members,     On Thursday  two  meetings  Avore held  at which  Mas. Smith and Mrs". Mitchell of  -Penticton    and   Mrs.  "Daly   of  Keremeos each gave'a solo. -At  the   close   of  tl*p   meeting- on  Tluirsflay afternoon, autos met  the delegates and visiting members at  the hotel arid motored  mmiiid   the prinpipol parts of  Penticton, after   wliich   an at  home was held at the residence  of JMrs.  McGregor,  which coii-  eluded'^he program, overybod'y  Jbeing,.\y6ll pleased...    -  '"���������'" '* , iSiPU *  "*        /";  *  '        ., ; --^v  v  Just a Runior$  Editor Gazette: The rumor  has t-een circulated that the  sopks huit by the Ladies Sewing  Circle are not Avearable. We  wish to contradict this statement, os the hoys all appreciate  tho socks, as letter after letter  is received thanking us.    *  Mrs. A. Clark.  Mrs. R. Boyd,  LOO, In Advance  Liberals Garry Province by a Very Large  Majority.  i ���������> f (S  jAt Least Six Cabinet Ministers Slaughtered and the Other  AD6ubtfuI--Shatford Returned with Increased  Majority for Similkameen.  The Result of the provincial elections was not a very 1  great surprise in so far as the defeat of the Bowser com-:  bination was concerned, but no one expected so . great, *a  turnover.    Few Conservatives will"regret the exit of Mr  Bowser and the  "heelers."    The   Conservative   party  in i  the  Dominion profited through the reverses of 1873 and  1896, and it will profit by getting rid of the Bowser die,  tatorship.    The.  Conservatives of the  province  will reorganize and choose a leader who is acceptable to the i  whole party.    Before a.year has passed the heelers will all  be Liberals,  where  they are more at home, because more  welcome.    Mr. Bowser made the mistake of believing the  "part was greater than the whole," or that the members'of  of the legislature represented  the people  of British Co-  Columbia.    Mr, Shatford was one of the few members reelected; not ..because he was a supporter of Mr. Bowser  but because he was L.  W. Shatford.-  The returns ;grv^  32 Liberals, and 15 Bowserites.    These figures are doubt- _  less pretty near correct.    Following are returns received:  Ladies Sewing Circle, Hedley,  B. C: I Avrite to thank  yon for  the parcel  I  reeeiyed,   -jiist be-  forp   I  leit ;hom.e.    The  stocks  ings   are   certainly  a   comfort  and,   besides,   represent   .sentiments and  {-.ssofiations  which  link ���������*, feljow tq home and loved  ones.   1  thank you and   commend your efforts, as  I  bolieA'e  you ore doing a great work.  A, B, S, Stan-lev.  Gave to Submarine Fund.  At a meeting of the  Vancouver :Borfrd  of  Trade   held  this  ���������"���������IMTLKAMIUTCN" "RIDING  Rooze.   W. Si F  S.    C.    F.  A.     F.    A  Tul.-imcen     9    19  Coalmount. .   ..     14      3  Princeton   S2 108  Coppei Mountain    9    16  Voigt's Camp  ..    3 ,    3  nct"e.v    -."h'--������  Nickel  PlHtp...,    7 17  Kereiiieo*-, .   ...    53 39  Green Mountain.    6 9  Penticton 221*170  Kalecle-i.   ....-.,  20 f>  Okanagan Fulls.  33 8  Fairview ,  41 14  Cariboo      q  Chilli wack     ()  Cowichiin     0  99  15  2  SO  12  SO 122  12 19  -I 3  46 72  12 16  Columbia  Comox   CrAnbrook..  Delta   Dewdney ..  ISsquiinalf.. ..  F011  George.  275  112 267 112  14    20  37    25  26   v23  35    IS  Total 552 453  ..,  Majorit*,   THE  PROVINCE.  Alberni  Atlin...  C.  I  0  L.  0  0    0    0    0    0    0    0    0  FeiMiio  0  Greenwood      q  Grand Forks  0  Islands     j  Kamloops  0  Kaslo  j  Lillooet  0  Nanaimo  q  iVel-jon  j  North  Okanagan     0  South Ok.inag-an  1  Xeu-eastle  ^  0  ���������0  0  1  0  1  0  0  0  0  1  .1  1  0  1  0  0  1  0  1  0  0  New Westminster  0  Omineca  0  Prince Rupert    0  Revelstoke " 0  Rossland  0  Richmond  0  Saanich  q  Similkameen  j  Slocan  \  Trail  q  North Vancouver  Q  South Vancouver..  Vancouver.  Victoria   Yale   Bowserues     ..  Liberals   Socialists      Independents .. .*.  Prohibition   Woman Suffrage.  0  0  0  0  8  1  1  0  1  1  0  0  0  0  1  0  0  -6  4-  I  24  15  32  '   .    0  0  ...4 to 1  ...4 to I  i  '  1  WINKLER,     Proprietor   ������  starting on the 19th inst.  Oroville,   Mr.  md  Mr.  Boyd  HEDLEY MEAT  MMHET  H   B   B  lV  h  All kinds of fresh^aiuf"���������  pured nieats always on  band.    Fresh  Fish  qji;  sale   every   Thursday.  R, J. EDMONP, Prop,  NORTHERN  HOTEL  'GREAT  ; ;        HEPLEy B.c,  Bpr and Tabic the Best,   Rates Moderqte  plr^t CIoss Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Dr.   Efner   of  Hurley and son  pf Looniis, passed through town  on Monday from Granite creek,  wher/e they had been looking  nfter somp nifujug business.  Dr. and Mrs, McEwen passed  through town Sunday. Mrs.  McEwen was returning from  her trip east, where she had  spent the last two .months visiting with the doctor's parents.  Mr. Anderson, after relieving  Mr. Corbett and  Mr. Fisher of  ^e^Bank of Commerce . for the  p?#t four  weeks,  left  Tuesday  morning  for. Princeton; * where  he Avill relieye in the office theTe.  / A    very    valuable    tungsten  property htis been discovered in  the north  of Noav  Brunswick,  Samples of  the  ore  have been  sent here, and it is  claimed  to  be the richest on the continent.  Among those attending the  W. I conference held m.'Pontjc-  ton last Aveek  were  Mesdames  E. M.  Daly, G.  Christie,  0; H.  Carle,  Keeler,  Kerr, Harrison,  week, Mr. E. A. Haggen pointed  out the fact that August Heck-  sher contributed $10,000 towards  the' .submarine fund of Germany. '-.Mr. Hecksher is a tli^  r.ccto|: of tl-e British Qoluntbia  Copper company In British Co7  luinbia nud the Canada Copper  corporation,  The coinmitteo considered  that Mr. Hechsher should not  be given any rights in this  country, as he was an avowed  and open enemy, and the secretary w;'������������������'-} requested to Avrite  Messrs. Hay den & Stone,'mine  brokers of the above companies,  and request the removal Of Mi'-  Hecksher froiu the same as a  director and shareholder. If  action is not taken by Messrs.  Hayd.en'& Sterne, it was decided  to further deal with the matter  with the Dominion govern-  ment.---News-Advertiser.  Dr. and Mrs, J, L. Masters  aud daughter Tressie arrived  in  Oroville   Wednesday   after-'  tention   of  being  absent for a  year.    The doctor went east for  the purpose of taking  a   thorough  post-graduate   course   in  dentistry.    During  his absence  he devoted himself assiduously  to the object he  had  in   view,  and he is  now  not  only  thoroughly   posted   on    the    most  modern   methods   of dentistry,  but brings  back  with   him the  latest  equipment   used   in    the  profession, a   portion   of  wliich  -is an X-rays   machine   that has  been found  to  be  almost indis-  pensible   in   practice*.���������-Oroville  Weekly Gazette.  TOWN MD DISTRICT  The Ga/.etto is issued a day  late this avooIc in order to publish the election returns.  Miss Nellie Dill of Victoria is  the teacher at the Nickle Plate  this term.  Ed. Simpson let's last week for  the east aud a rest, after three  years' steady work with the  Daly Reduction Co.  E. A. Haggen, publisher of  tho Mining, Electrical and Engineering Record, was in town  a part of last week.  A number of Hedleyites went  up to Princeton and took a  mortgage on the .town' for  $1150 on the result of the elec-  in the Similkameen. The Hedleyites Avere. Messrs. Boeing,  Burr, Butler and Winkler.  How the politicians can drag*  a red herring ae-re)ss the trail.  In the campaign just closed the  herring was "plugging." Not a  real issue intelligently discussed.  Of course there was plugging.  There always has been in B. C.  by all parties and factions.  noon by auto after thirty days  travel from Indianapolis, Ind.  Dr. Masters and  party  left for  Mrs. Bromloy is visiting her  daughter,   Mrs.  R. J. Edmonds.  G. M, Gilbert and family left  this morning on a visit to England.  Quite a number of Hedleyites  Aveut to Princeton Tuesday  evening to hear H. H. Stevens,  M. P., speak.  L.-Corp. W. R. Rescorl of the  225th battalion, Vernon,- who  had been   in   town   for   three  Designed this year it will ornament and enhance the  good appearance of the tidiest kitchen in all Canada?  ]i  the  east  on  the   first   day   of Uveeks oh harvest leave, left for  August last year, with  the i.n-1 Vernon Monday last.  Come in and I'll show you why the Kootenay stays as  WLS5T qng  er other ranges W t0 ^Ss  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.  883 THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      DV  PS"  Indigestion, constipation, biliousness  and many ailments' of the digestive  organs are often the source of serious  illness. At the first sign of disordered  conditions take the reliable family-  remedy  that is always dependable ���������  "Larsetl Snla of Any Medicine in the World.  Sold everywhere. In hoses. 25 cents.  7,000,000 Women Work  Filling the Places Vacated by Britons  Called to War-  It is estimated that  llie  number  jf  'women now working in war and pence  iobs in the British Isles exceeds 7,000,-  U00.  The wholesale withdrawal of men  from the commercial and industrial  ranks lias re.���������ulied in a huge substitution of female labor fo- the purpose  of maintaining the industrial output  of the country. Many hundreds of  women arc training to become milkers  anel dairy hands. In Scotland and  Northumberland this sort of work is  being regularly undertaken by women,  ���������while in Devonshire and other counties milking is being done even by  young girls before they go (o school.  Women arc at the lathe, in overalls"  and caps, in the powder shed, working  twelvc-li'our shifts on the motor buses  or fashioning metal, timber and  leather, carting*, driving and distributing.  It has been recalled in connection  with the inciting down of church  bells in Germany, that Crcmwcll had  all Cork's church bells taken down  and made into artillery, remarking  that as gunpowder was invented by  a priest, it was' fitting the bells should  be turned into "cannons."  Minard's  Liniment  Cures  Colds,  etc.  New C. P. R. Station at Toronto  The old C. P. R. station in Toronto  Boy Scout Movement  Valuable    Work Done    by the    Boy  Scouts in Connection With the War  It has been no small  part that the  Boy  Scouts have  played  in  this  war.  From   spying  out   enemy   cruisers   to  digging potatoes, they have a fine record of useful and    spirited    service.  Their efforts.to aid the Empire in this  lime of stress and strain will long be  remembered.    Boy Scouts in England  are   loading  vans,   collecting   parcels,  i wheeling trolleys, and helping to sort  the enormous mass of correspondence  which Lancashire, Cheshire anel Yorkshire arc sending to the troops. To be  custodians of the soldiers'  mails is a  very  thrilling and  important    matter,  and, of course, the Uoy Scouts arc doing their work well.   The cream of the  work, from the Scouts' point of view,  has been the patrolling of parts of the  cast   coast.    Scouts  arc  also   playing  the role of agriculturist and munition  worker to perfection and lo their own  advantage.    They arc developing the  power of initiative    and   resourcefulness   which   is  so-necessary  in  every  phase of life.       -/  The Boy Scouts of America is a  brother organization of the Boy  Scouts Association which came into  existence in 1913. The aims and purposes of the Boy Scouts of American  organization arc essentially the same  as those of the Boy Scouts Association. As an organization it is not  military in thought form or spirit, although il does instil in boys the military virtues such as honor, loyally,  obedience ntul patriotism. The uniform, the patrol, the troop and the  drill arc not for military tactics; they  arc for the unity, the harmony and  the rhythm of spirit that boys learn  in scouting. Jt is in the wearing of  the uniform and doing of things together as Scouts that they absorb the  force and truth of the Scout Law,  which states: "A Scout is a friend of  all, and a brother to every other  Scout."  The Boy Scouts of America' organization has enjoyed rapid growth  since its inception not cputc six years  ago. At present it has over 150,000  registered Seoul-., in addition to more  than 200,000 who arc practising Scouting but who are not registered. The  organization has over 9,000 Scoutmasters and    Assistant Scoutmasters.  GOOD RICH BLOOD  MEANSJM0D HEALTH  Just a  Little   More   Rich, Red  Blood Cures Most Ailments  has  been   leased  lo   the  City  for  the' Therc^arc  about  360   Commissioners  nominal rate of $1 per annum. The  new north end station is now in full  operation and, with its modern facilities and accessories, is giving great  satisfaction to rl.c public. The district in which it is situated has grown  enormously during the past few years.  The C. P. R. believes, not only in accommodating present needs, but in  anticipating* those of the future. That  is why il builds largely and substantially in'all large centres of population, where there is promise of growth  anel development. What with the north  end station in Toronto and the new  station and terminal- on Fro.T* street,  which will be finished next year, Toronto is being rewarded al last, with  that attention which seems to have  been denied the Queen city for many  vears.  Professor Lounsbury of Yale is a  foe lo the purist and pedant. On his  summer holiday the professor gazed  out across the lake one grey and sultry afternoon.' and remarked:  "It looks Hkc rain."  A pedant was seated in a rocking  chair nearby.  "What looks like rain, professor?"  he chuckled. "Ha, ha! I've go'l you  there.    What looks like rain?"  "Water," Professor Lounsbury answered, coldly.  Scarcity of feed and low prices for  poultry in the fall of 191-1 caused a  thinning out in flocks in Manitoba,  and this reduction was not made good  last year. As a result Manitoba's egg  production was less last spring than  it was two years ago.  Better Authority���������"Il was Shakespeare, wasn't it, who said: 'Sweet arc  the uses of adversity'?''  "Shakespeare may have said it originally, but I heard it from a lawyer  who had pockctcel 65 per cent of an  estate."���������Boston Transcript.  (Made in Canada)  embodies the full, rich  nutriment of whole wheat  combined with malted  barley. This combination gives it a distinctive,  " delicious flavour unknown to foods made  from wheat alone.  Only selected grain is  used in making Grape-  Nuts and through skillful  processing it comes from  the package fresh, crisp,  untouched by hand and  ready to eat.  Throrgi long baking,  the energy - producing  starches of. the grain are  made wonderfully easy  of digestion.  A daily ration of this  splendid food yields a  marvellous return of  health and comfort.  "There's a Reason"  Sold by Grocers everywhere  and 4,350 members of local councils.  The American public has come to  know something of the value of the  movement. Such demonstrations as  were given during the Gettysburg reunion, the Ohio flood, the Baltimore  centennial and the St. Louis pageant  and scores of similar events where  real service was given by Boy Scouts,  have impressed thinking men and women through the country with the  fact'that Scouting is not merely play,  but a very important programme for  training and making use of the boy-  hooel of the country for its welfare.  Judge Albion C. Blair of Portsmouth,  has. said: "The Boy Scouts arc the  one asset,of the city above all others  'that must be encouraged and given a  proper chance to "develop. As Jrcsc  boys progress so will Portsmouth progress, not only today but in years to  come."  Encouraging* progress was reported  at the first annual mcctingof the Saskatchewan Provincial Boy Scouts  Council, which was held recently in  Rcgina. The report of the secretary,  Mr. Frank C. Irwin, showed that on  May 15, 1916, 1,492 men and boys  were actively engaged in Scouting in  the province and 1,364 boys were under instruction. Alorc than 125 carefully selected, clean men of strong  character were given leadership as  Scout Commissioners, Scoutmasters,  Assistant Scoutmasters and Instructors. This was an increase of 64.13  per cent, over the enrolment of June  30, 1915, when there was a total membership of nine hundred and nine. At  present there arc 69 Boy Scout troops  in the province and this figure docs  not include two very live packs of  Wolf Cubs, (junior Scouts). All these  arc led by men who are giving then-  service without compensation because  of their belief in Scouting as a programme for the development of character and good citizenship in boys.  Officials high up in the. ranks of  the Boy Scouts Association arc convinced that the organization is so  thoroughly establish eel thatany temporary set-backs which is might sustain during the war will,not serve to  do it any great injury. This phase  of the matter was dealt with by Sir  Robert Baden-Powell is a recent letter to the Honorary Dominion Sccrc  The lack  of    sufficient    rich,    red  blood does not end merely in a pale  complexion.      It  is  much  more  serious.    Bloodies people arc tired, languid,  run-down  folk  who  do  not  enjoy life.      Food    does  not    nourish;  there's   indigestion,  heart     alpitation,  headache,  - backache  and  nearly    always nervousness.     If the bloodlcss-  ncss  is neglected  too  long a 'decline  is sure lo follow.     Just a little more  rich,     red     blood    cure*,    all    these'  troubles.    Then you have new health,  new vitality and pleasure in life.    To  get more rich, red blood the remedy  is Dr. Williams' Pink Pills.    No other  medicine   increases   and   enriches   the  blood so quickly or so surely.      This  is  not a  mere  claim.    Dr,  Williams'  Pink  Pills   hr.vc. done   this   over  and  over again throughout why thousands  of people always  have  a good  word  to say for this medicine.    Miss Gertrude Haffncr, Kingston, Out., says:���������  "About  two  years ago  I was  suffering greatly with anaemia, so much so  that I had to give up my situation. I  became so weak that I coulel scarcely  \yalk without  help.    I  had  no  ambition, no color,  no appN-titc anel    was  constantly     troubled  with   headaches  and dizzy spells.    1 was taking medicine from  ihc doctor, but it did  not  do  me a particle of good. * One day  a friend asked mc if I had tried Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills.    Though as the  result of my condition I was greatly  discouraged,  I  began   the use  of  the  Pills, and thanks to that good friend's  advice after using a few boxes I  began  to feel  much  better.    Under the  continued use of the Pills I gained in  weight,   my   color   came  back  and   I  grew  gradually   stronger.       I   looked  so much better that people would ask  mc what  I  was taking and I  had no  hesitation  in giving the credit to Dr.  Williams' Pink  Pills.    I am so grateful  for what  this  medicine  has elonc  for mc that  f will do all I can to extend its use."  You can get these pills from any  medicine dealer or by mail at 50 cents  a box or six boxes for $2.50 from The  Dr. "Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  villc, Out.  Preparedness   for Farmers  A Matter to Which Farmers of Canada Should Give Necessary  Attention  Hard times and debt are the farmer's greatest enemies. Growing food  for the family and feed for the live  slock arc his best form of preparedness against these evils. In the war  for prosperity good gardens, fresh  eggs, milk and butter, home raised  ham, plenty of grain and hay,���������these  arc the weapons to use against the foe  if success is to be obtained. The best  managed farm requires tliat' the farmer shall not buy food stuffs cither  for his family or his live stock. By  proper preparedness methods, eggs  will be provided for, eyen when the  hens are not laying; fruit and vegetables will be in cans on the closet  shelves wjicn they arc not in the garden; thcre.'will be canned meat, smoked mcat^pr pickled meat, when fresh  mcal^ei^not available and the silo will  afford succulent feed for the stock  when there is none in the fields.  A well balanced farm business insures against losses and provides a  much better utilization of the labor  and equipment. The matter of preparedness is one to which Canadian  farmers should give increasing attention, iu more senses than one.���������Montreal Family, Herald.  Tonsilitis, Sore Throat, Chest  Colds, Can be Cured Over Night]  They Vanish Quickly if Ner-  viline is Well Rubbed in  When the throat tickles, when it  hurls lo draw a long breath, when you  feel as if a knifc'ivcrc stuck in your  side, it's time to draw out the congestion that will soon become pneumonia.  An ordinary cough syrup has no  chance at all���������you require a powerful  Penetrating      liniment.  Nothing is  known  that possesses  more merit in such  cases ��������� than   Ncrvi-  line. . 0  Rub it liberally* over the sides and  chest���������rub it in hard.  The warm, soothing effect of Ncrvl-  linc will be apparent in five minutes.  Nothing like it for quick relief���������  takes soreness out of the throat in one  rubbing���������breaks    up  the ,chest    cold.j  draws out the inflammation, stops the  cough quickly.    Rub it on for rheumatism���������it dcs'-i  troys the pain���������drives it right away.]  Try it for stiff muscles���������it works mir-f  acles in just such cases.  Give Nerviline a chance on your  neuralgia, prove it out for lumbago;}  sec what it can do for sciatica.  No pain-relieving remedy compares!  in power to curq  with Nerviline  Largest -- sale fa  Canada of any linil  ment    for    ncarl-f    . . forty years.    , Thj  reason is plain.      It    satisfies    everj  time. ' '  The large 50 cent family size bottl,  is more economical than the 25 cc  trial size. Sold by dealers everywherd  or the  Calarrhozonc  Co.,,   Kingstoijj  Canada.  Minard's  Liniment  Cures  cows.  Garget in  Railroad Men Enlist  Alcohol as Fuel  Chemist Suggests Use for Distilleries  in Prohibitioi. Towns  p*"  - In view of the fact that the Western provinces have adopted prohibition the question naturally arises as  to what will become of some of the  extensive breweries and distilling  plants' iu  Canada.  A former principal of Rcgina College suggests that these plants be  equipped for the manufacture of commercial alcohol. The project is put  forward by one who is by profession  an analytical chcmisi. and has given  much thought to the possible uses to  which these plants might be put after  prohibition becomes effective. Vic has  also suggested vinegar production,  pickling, canning* and cold storage.  In discussing alcohol as a fuel he  states that the -world's supply of gasolene is limited and unrenewablc  and, therefore, with the increased use  of the automobile and other forms  of the gasolene engine, the price  must rise. A British chemist's opinion that posterity will have lo run lo  alcohol as fuel is ciuc ted.  Over Six Thousand Railway Employees in Canada in Volunteer Army  ��������� Of the 20 clerks in the C. P. R.  offices at Calgary, 16 enlisted when  the war broke out. Some of them  have got promotion; some have been  wounded; but the spirit they displayed  has been noticed in the western press.  Indeed, the railway men of the country have done noblv in responding to  the call. In England over 200,000 railway men arc at the front; in Canada,  possibly 6,000 in all have gone forward���������a splendid record considering  our railways anel general population.  The result of such depletion is found  in the greater number of female clerks  employed 'n the Dominio:*.. Wc do  not sec, as they see without surprise  in the Mother Land, -.ousands of women doing the outside work on the  railways���������dre^seel ii. overalls, many of  them, cleaning engines, cleaning, stations, acting as poller., anel wheeling  barrows, acting as ticket, agents anel  telegraph operator... We will hardly  come to that, but the value of women  in the clerical domain has gone up  very appreciably indeed. It is urged  in England that the women wear  men's attire for greater convenience  in many of the avocations they pursue. Many have not waited for the  discussion in the press ancnt the matter, but have voluntarily parted with  external feminity. The situation is  not so acute with us, but the call, in  all clerical departments is for female  clerks.  Raising Colts* Without Oats  It is possible to proch cc strong,  healthy draft horses ,vithout oats. In  an experiment al the Kansas Agricultural College, ftcr more ti:an nine  months' feeding, the colts that have  had no oats arc in better condition  and have m..elc a little belter gain  than those wliich ate this feed. The  ration of corn, bran and oilmcal also  cost twenty per cent less than the  oats ration.  The' experiment Includes twenty  colts divided into two iols. with five  pure breds and five grades in each  lot. The two lots have been fed the  same sort of roughage���������alfalfa, clover, timothy hay, corn foelder and pasture. One lot has been fed oats every  day and the other has had a ration  consisting by weight 'of seventy per  cent corn, twenty-five per cent, bran,  and five per cent, oilmcal. One.pound  of this mixture contains the same di  ctate of Ohio. City of Toledo.  J.ucas County, ss.  Fiank J. Cheney makes oath that he is senior  partner of the firm of 1'. J. Cheney & Co.. doing  business in the City of Toledo, County and Slate  aforesaid, and that said firm will pay the sum of  ONE mjNDRr'I") DOLLARS for each and every  case of Calanh that cannot be cured by Uie use  of IIAU/S CATARRH CUKE.  FRANK J. CHENEY.  Sworn  to before  me  and   subscribed  in my  piesence. this 6th day ot December. A D. 1S86.  A. W. G r.KASON,  (Seal) Notary J'ublic.  Halt's Catarrh Cure is taken internally and  nets through the Mood on the Mucous Surface)  of the Sjslein.   Send for testimonials, free.  F.J. CHENEY & CO.. Toledo, O.  Sold by all dniSTRist-*. 75c.  Hall's Family rills for constipation.  The Bayard of the Turks  Turkish Commander Who Has Shown  Himself to be a'Gentleman ,  Apart from the courage and persistence with 'which Ihc defence of  Km was conducted by Gc-ncral  Townshcnd, the most notable feature  of the siege has undoubtedly been the  chivalrous attitude of the Turkish  commander, Nur-cd-Dcn.- The many  stories which have been told of him  may be apocryphal, but they appear  to be founded on some basis_,of fact.  At one lime he was said lo have proposed a truce while the Turks and  English might together attack the  .marauding Arabs who have played  havoc among the forces of either side  and have behaved with incredible brutality to those wounded who have fallen into their hands. On another occasion he was reported lo have driven  a herd of cattle into the bcleagured  town. These and similar tales may be  untrue, but they illustrate the character of a man against whom his enemies have said nothing bitter. Like  Nazim Pasha aud other Turkish soldiers of the old school, Nur-cd-Din  has shown himself a gentleman and a  sportsman, ahd the readiness with  which he,has handed over al.l the sick  anel wounded .will ever be remembered to his credit. He has displayed  hone, of the vice- of his German allies,  but has fought cleanly and honorably,  anel so far as possible has endeavored  to restrain the Arabs, fearlessly punishing those who have been caught  disobeying orders.��������� The Times of  India.   ,  Manitoba's Fish  Sores Heal Quickly.���������Have you a  persistent sore that- refuses to heal?  Then, try Dr. Thomas' Eclcctrie Oil  in the dressing. It will stop sloughing, carry jway the proud flesh, draw  ouL the pus anel prepare a clean way  for the new skin. It is the recognized  healer among "Oils and myriaeiS of  people can certify that it healeel where  other oils failed utterly.  tarv, Mr. Gerald II. Brown. Sir Rob-  &csttble,elements  as one pound of oats  r   ' Alert*       Ii-ahi   ��������� i \\ /������     ef oricln/Mii f      nf     n������-������ s. #**���������*���������������������  crt's  references were in .part  as  follows:    "The increase of numbers and  the good public service done, and the  evidently  improved  efficiency   of the  movement arc little short of wonderful, considering the difficulties under  which  the     movement is  working by  the loss  of so many of-its  best officers.    But  it shows that the foundations which  thy have laid were gooel  and  strong and    that the  movement  has the necessary foothold  for carrying itself along in spite of their tcnip-  j orary  absence.    I   feel   also   that  its  success is largely due to the generous  | encouragement accorded to it by His  I Royal  Highness    the    Duke of Con-  I naught  and   wc cannot   be  loo  grate-  ! ful  lo  him   for what he has  done    to  j promote    it  progress.       Its    success  I strengthens   one's   confidence   that   it  is going lo do a very great thing for  I the Empire after the war."  Also, from the standpoint of energy  value, the two feeds arc equal, pound  for pound. Each lot of colts has received the same number of pounds of  grain.  A Female Military Officer  Tatiana Kaldikhina, who has been  promoted to the grael'c of undcr-offi-  ccr in the Russian army, was at the  end.of 1914 a pupil in a girls' college  in Astrakhan. She applied lo Ihc military authorities for permission to  serve iu the army, and after many  attempts she was sent to the front.  As she was able to speak German her  presence     was    very    useful     during  Lawyer���������You say you want this  damage suit pushed through with the  utmost specel?  Client���������Exactly. I have a child six  weeks old, and I want the money to  pay his college expenses.  When Asthma Comes do not despair. Turn at once to the help effective���������Dr. J. D. Kcllogg's Asthma  Remedy. This wonderful remedy will  give you the aid you need so surely.  Choking ceases, breathing becomes  natural and Without effort: Others,  thousands of them, have suffered as  you suffer but have wisely turned to  tiiis famous - remedy ahd ceased to  suffer.    Get a-package this very'day.'  scouting   expeditions.     A' short   time     ... _   _     .  age*   she    received   ihc    Order  of  St.   civilization.   As long as the great gal  Crimes of Germany  Can  Never Live Down the Disgrace  of Her Acts  The history of the war may be forgotten, the terrible stories told by the  commissions that investigated, the  crimes committed in Belgium na*,*  pass from memory, but the story of  Germany's crimes will live forcvci in  the painting and cartoons of the artists who have depicted them.  Germany can never.live down the  disgrace of her deeds, for these great  cartoons have found permanent places  in the picture galleries of Europe.  They will hang there as a constant  reminder of the nation that emerged  a  barbarian  throughg its  thin  veil  of  A_Word of Friendly Advice  Canada has a committee in the  United Slates selecting and negotiating for the services of expert* in'railway investigation who can '"o-opcratc  in 'he coming thorough-going study  of the Dominion's transportation  problems. A word of friendly advice  may be permissible, iu the light of experience on the so ilhcrn side of the  border. It eloes not folio /, because a  man is a university profe-ssor and a  laiccpsm -Iwhichku. w( kkcbli'sMcha  specialist in transportation problems,  or in corporation securities, that he  is incorruptible, or a friend of popular rights. The record of the fight  of the present generation against privileged business in the Uniteel States  shows that technical knowledge has  to be supplemented by honesty of  character.���������Christian Science Monitor.  The Piscatorial Features of the Lake  and Streams of Manitoba  The waterways, large and small  Manitoba arc numerous. Several-oj  such possess eligibility lo be cnumcrl  atcd as gigantic areas. As an example���������  Lake Winnipeg, the ninth largcsj  body of fresh water in'the world, ma*|  be quoted. < Few' are Manitoba's lake!  and streams in which, piscatorial lifj  is^ not abundant. A summary of ,tht  finny tribe contained thcrein'is as folj  lows:  Sturgeon are habitues    of the Rett  River;  occasionally this fnonarch '  fish  life will be met with in the As  siniboinc and major streams.    Howi  ever, the icy waters of Lake Winnipeg  form  its  chief    feeding   -grounds;  al  Black Bear Island a fishery is untlcl  operation, the "catch" being forward]  eel principally to New York anel othefl  centres of the    United  States.      Th4  whitefish abounds in Lakes'"Winnipcg  and Manitoba.   The goldeyc is of gen-)  cral distribution;  the perch frequcnt-i  waters within northern provincial con-j  fines.    Few lakes and streams do not!  contain the sucker, and the black bass  i-; of liberal quantity in various rivcrsl  The rock,bass is a tenant of the RcdJ  aud Assiniboinc rivers. Within water.-f  ways of muddy'surface swims,the catfish, a species  , devoid of scales andj  spoken of in the United States as thet  northern  salmon. ^ It is  not possibh/  to catalogue   he dog fish as filling fori  human   consumption;   this   species   is J  utilized by ,the .Indian as bait for pike  of the larger size.    Authentic  recordl  of ,the ccls!-appearance in  Manitoba!  is not obtainable;  the claim  is madef  that specimens of this reptilian water  inhabitant formerly tenanted the low-<  er  reaches   of  the  Pembina.    A  fewl  streams  contain ray or sunfish;    thefl  pike  or jackfish is  indigenous  to  allf  waterways.  Under   the  Department   of  Marinej  and Fisheries, lakes and streams    of|  Manitoba arc preserved from piscatorial depletion.      An open    season    of]  staled length is provided for net fish-  cries  of  Lake Winnipeg    and  major!  waters. Tn accordance with his Rights j  of  Treaty,   the  Indian     inhabitai t  is]  privileged to obtain fish by any pro-j  cess within the waterways of the Reservations.���������J. D. A. Evans.  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.:  "What  is  the man  charged  with ?",  asked  the  Magistrate.     "Dynamite!"  was the unanimous reply, of the    six  policemen  who had made the arrest.  ���������Tit-Bits.  Where Government is Efficient "  One thing that "all thoughtful agriculturists arc agreed upon���������-and th jy.  arc backed up by the Vast thinking  class in the big centres���������is the general inefficiency of Government, taking Canada as a whole, in matters pertaining to the development of the  soil and the general resourc.s thereof  in this richest of all northern lands in  the world.���������Winnipeg Tribuncl  Canadian Postum Cereal Co.,  Windsor, Out.  r,td..  N      U.     1117  A Testing Time for Germans  Internal combustion may follow external compression upon Germany.  The day may be drawing near, if it  is not already here, when the conditions predicted by ihc All-Highest at  the beginning 'of hostilities .will.be  realized. Addressing the army then,  the Kaiser said: "Children of my  guard, you arc *iow my soldiers, mine,  body and soul! You have sworn to  obey all my commands; from this  day on you'must know but the enemy.  And if I command you some day to  fire upon your_ relatives, your fathers  iiiii'l mothers, sisters and brothers, remember your oath and obey.���������'��������� Victoria Times.  George of the fourth degree and some  lime later for her heroism in a reconnaissance under fire she was awarded  the cross of the third degree. Recently she wa.s wounded in the leg by  shrapnel and is now in a  hospital.  Miller's Worm Powders arc not surpassed hy any other preparation as a  vermifuge or worm destroyer. Indeed,  there arc few preparations that have  the merit that il has lb iccommcnd it.  Mothers,-aware of its excellence, seek  its aid at the itsrfiiadncIDOhen.gh  its aid at the first indication of the  presence of worms in- their children,  knowing that it is a perfectly trustworthy 'medicine that will give immediate a������d 'asling relief.  Judge���������This man was a stranger to  you! Then why did you pick a-fight  with him? Kelly���������All me friends is  away on their vacationsl  "Has the scientific study made much  difference in your boy, Josh ?"  "Not as much as you might-think,"  replied Farmer Corntosscl. "Out in  the garden he calls everything by its  botanical name. But when he's sittin'  up to the table, passin' his plate, he's  careful to fise the kind of words as  we all understand,"  erics stand, Germany must face the  disgrace. Can the yevcr again laud  their kultur?  And, while artists of. Holland anel  the United States, as well as those of  the entente countries, are picturing  the deeds committed in the name of  Germany no great Artist has arisen  to prevent a pictorial defence for the  Kaiser. This is one phase of the  war in which Germany has no defence. And the punishment will continue longer than the lives of those  who penetrated the horrible crimes.���������  Ottawa Free Press.  The boys of Wallace University  School'were playing baseball'on a  vacant lot in Nashville, Tennessee,  when the game was interrupted by an  old negro woman crossing the lot, and  a small boy called out: "Game called  on account of darkness!"  First     Woman     (angrily) .��������� Your  Johnny gave my Willie tlie  measles.  Second  Woman���������No   such     thing!  Your Willie came over    where    my  Wastington Star.-Johnny Was and took 'cm.  Of the Same Class.���������"They say," remarked the spinster boarder, "that the  woman who hesitates is lost."  "Lost is not the proper word for it,"  growled the .'ussy olJ. b?.chclor at the  pedal extremity of the lablc. "She's  extinct."���������Philadelphia Ledger.  Russia's wheat crop for 1916,_ it is  estimated, will be but 10 to 15 per  cent, below normal. This is considered phenomenal because of the scarcity of farm labor. V  "Why did Rev. Binks leave his  charge?" "He said his parishioners  were guilty of contributory negligence.  Learn How to Swim  Gooel swimmers arc drowned now  and then, but most of the victims lose  their lives because they arc not able  to swim. -As between the swimmer  and the non-swinimcr the chances for  escape in an emergency arc as ten to1  one. The .point of the important lesson is driven home with emphasis'  every summer, and still it apparently  needs urging.as much is it did twenty years, ago. Most of people seem  to regard swimming not as an import^  ant accomplishment, but merely as an  optional recreation, like golf, tennis,  or china painting. And yet any of us  may be confronted at any time with  a crisis that makes swimming ar. art  more important for the moment than  that of walking. The folly of (he common neglect is heightened by the fact  that it is an art as easily, acquired as  the ability to walk. And once acquired it is never lost. Learn to swim! It  is one of the most important items in  the equipment of personal preparedness for summer.���������Frc-m the Providence Journal.  Afore than twenty creameries wcra  in operation throughout the past  winter in Manitoba, anel none of the  city dairies found it necessary to import any milk or sweet crea.ni. From  the. opening of spring to June 10th,  seven cars of creamery butter were  shipped,out of Manitoba.  Milk   Chocolate  Dainty chocolate pieces, out of the run of ordinary milk chocolate, containing a real flavor of rich,  creamy milk and the finest cocoa beans well  blended.  Sold everywhere.  Made in Canada.  .t...  A-18  A i^wjtiSiriilbiofjjtya jfn'UKffZ  *'**n - ' r,  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.     B.      C.  lOOD WORK OF DOMINIONS HAS  BEEN REVELATION TO THE WORLD  JEN. ROBERTSON   ON SOME PHASES  OF THE WAR  Expresses High Appreciation   of tlie   Splendid   Fighting   Spirit  And Well Organized Canadian Armies, Which Have  Demonstrated the  Quality   of   Manhood  ; No, we really arc not worried by  ic course of the war," said General  tr \\ illiam R. Robertson, chief ol  ���������c imperial staff, at army hcadquar-  vicw with the Assoc-  S'TS, in an intcr\  ft ted Press.  I  I  IPfliar:  tf  I "As to the new offensive, a glance  (l the map will tell the story of our  'rogregs.   Anel, the happy   expression  our   wounded   soldiers   from   the  out  reflects  the   spirit  of  the  men.  6  you  notice    that    all    published  (olographs  show   thcin  smiling    or  ughing?"  The general  himself smilcel   as he  okc;     nevertheless,     his  *   manner  .btly conveyed his realization of the  ]ct  that he was breaking the silence  |: had mL-t-aaincd so rigidly since the  , ,i*ginning  of  the   war.     lie  received  Ate  correspondent' while  seated at a  [elyjblc in the war office,  within a' few  '���������jjfcl of the wire which  permits him,  jjtfith   the  aid   of  maps   and  the  con-  anlly  arriving   messages,   to  direct  ;ie'moves in the conflict in France.  The  room   is  in   keeping  with  the  Jjiiaractcr of .he man.  ,It is furnished  (irilli such spartan-simplicity lliat the  JSjiblc," charts   anel   map   rack  arc   the  Mnly articles  of furniture.  "u "Our hearts were    touched by the  i;yady response of our fellow Britishers from overseas on the outbreak of  '.���������.ijjic war,"- the general, continued.   "To  ty wc are proud of these men u'ndcr-  limatcs our sentiments.   If the manor in which these sturdy sons of Aus-  ralia,  New  Zealand-}    South    Africa,  [Canada .and   our   gallant  little  Newfoundland  .came forward    with'their  $5><jho'u sands surprised   the enemy, their  fralor "and  gallantry in   battle were a  revelation to the world."  ["Wc'   have come  to   feci, that  o.ur  type of government is not so bad after  all!     Yes,   they  arc   still   coming,  and,. while  it  is  hard  to 'single    out  particular  parts   of   the   empire,    the  Canadians  can  learn  again    through  frou    our    high appreciation of their  plcnelid  fighting   spirit   and  well-organized armies.   At Ypres, Festubort  .and    many    other    closely contested  .engagements they demonstrated  'the  (fYtiigh  type of vigorous  manhood pro-  ii.'duccd in the new'world."  j\   The subject of general  speculation  as to how long the war would    last  caused the general to shake his. head  -.and  smile. - " *'  ������,<,* ."That is a question touching human  '���������} .'nature, which -means .dealing with a  indubious proposition," he said. "None  ' lis wise in this."  Referring to the complimentary references    by    military    experts to the  Work of the big British guns and the  .al'iise  of  cavalry in     the  offensive,  Sir  }\l) William* remarked: "The work of the  i- i guns interests us not only because of  S)j\ the organization required'  to produce  ������������������J������������������them,  but  on account  of  the careful  j'| training which is necessary before the  m'tt gunncrs arc proficient.    Scientifically  Pjl accurate gunnery is  required  in  this  J! | war    probably as never before.    The  r.j necessity of firing over  the heads of  i\l advancing infantry of one's own side  [l y   .-.-..,!-,...    "*    c.^1     on,-!    Jf    Ic    n*.r-f������c������n nr   (lint-  ������������������  6  The Demand for Livestock  *}  ���������I'  HI  Mi  I  I   -  Il      O!  makes it so, anel it is necessary that  troops thus aelvancing have perfect  confidence in  the gunners."  A Hero of France  l(  & Visible Symbol of All That France  Has Suffered in the War  But il is General Gouraud who  more than anyone else perhaps has  touched the sentiment and the imagination of the army. This is due in  some measures no doubt :to the pathos of his figure. In Gallipoli he lost  his right arm and had both legs broken, and as he limps rapklly along the  parade, leaning heavily upon*a stick,  he looks like the visible symbol of  all that France has suffered in these  tremendous days. But much more  than the physical 'appeal is the spiritual appeal of a personality of extraordinary sweetness and strength that  looks out through the bluest eyes I  have seen with a candor, a comprehension, and a sympathy that are  strangely moving.- "I seem to sec all  Africa in those wonderful eyes," said  a French officer to mc, referring to  the fact that it was in Maurctania  and Morocco that Gouraud made his  rcputatiton. But there is more than  Africa there. It is the soul of France  thai looks out from those eyes���������the  soul of a nation which is measuring  its passion for humanity against the  passion of might.���������A.G.G., in London  News.  Why Prussia Makes War  The  war  of   1866   was   entered  on,  not because the existence   of Prussia  >*      war*     threatened,  or  in   obedience  to  '      p.iblic  opinion  and   the  voice ox  the  1      people���������it was a struggle, long foreseen and calmly prepared for, recog-  *      nized  as a  necessity  by   the  cabinet,  not for territorial aggrandisement or  material  aelvantagc,  but   for an ideal  ;lIKl���������the establishment of power. Not  a. foot of land was exacted from conquered    Austria,  but  she  had to  renounce all  part in   the  hegemony of  Germany.���������From    Moltke's   "History*  of the Franco-German War").  The manager of a  big department  \ store is having every employee   take  swimming    lessons   before     the  employee is  permitted   to  have  a vacation.    There's a  sensible .'d.a.      But  excellent as   making  people  learn   ,o  swim is, it suras to us to be a more  excellent thing not to allow -hem   to  learn to swim too well.    Mr. Dalton,  a  "crack"  himself,   says:     "It is  the  crack swimmer that goes down.   He  takes  too    many    chances.      In the  ���������;>     death of that little Miss Hoc the other  \ day there arc several lessons. Do not  ' play  at  wanting    help.     Do  not run  risks.    Do not enter contests..    Swim  quietly    and    always    safely."���������New  York "Globe.  Jewish Trade in New York Takes 10,-  000 Head Weekly  The demand for pure bred cattle  is increasing rather than diminishing,  anel many were the sales at both  Calgary and Edmonton. In fact the  demand goes on all the lime. In ten  davs the finn ci" Yule and Bowes  sold nearly $7,000 worth of pure  bred shorthorns. Eleven head went  to T. B. Ralph, Eluora, Alta., and  .twelve to George' Field, of Hulton.  Field is a new beginner and has  chosen shorthorns with which to try  his luck. Three head went lo G. W.  Gillcs of Gadsbury, Alta. One six  months old bull brought $400 and  the 2-ycar-old bull, less , fancifully  bred, $500. The Glefigarnock Aberdeen herd sold several head also at  very fancy prices. ���������  Hon. Duncan Marshall has brought  into Alberta 74 head of choicely bred  Shorthorns, among! them, King ,of  Diamonds, a son of Gainsford Marquis. This bull is 3 years old-and  his dam was Mildred, one of the Kirn oris cows-of'thc\ Watt herd. A'fr.  Marshall paid -thc^lidy sum of $1,000  for him to George Anderson of Bou-  gour, Ont. Another choicely bred bull  is Spicy Sultaii, a son of Superb Sultan.  At the experimental farm al La-  combc, some, very interesting feed  experiments are being carricel on.  There used to be an old saying that  it took 30 acres of range grass to  feed a steer, but Supt. Hulton has  provcel that this is absurd. Last year  he fed 106 head of cattle on 620 acres  of only prairie sod. Nothing had  been done to this section, except lo  fence it. These cattle gained on grass  alone, an average of 358 pounds each.  After securing this gain on grass  they were finished on grain anel marketed the present spring. When it  is remembered how many hundreds  of thousands of acres of gooel pasture  is yearly left to rot in the summer  in the west, it is possible to get at  least a glimpse of the economic waste  which is constantly going on. Mr.  Hulton is_ pasturing the same section again this year, but with a  smaller number of cattle. There had  been no cattle on it prior to 1915, but  the number on the section rite ii  pretty closely and he aims to <ivc  it thee  to recuperate.  Speaking of the fattening and marketing of cattle, a recent visitor to  the large stockyards in the South  reports that 90 per cent, of the cat-  tic going on these markets at the  present time arc cither of Polled  breeds or have been de-horned. This  adds emphasis to the recent statement in these columns as lo the importance of dehorning stock. Also 40  per cent, of the stock offered in this  way was finished at 24 months of age.  While offerings of what might relatively be termed "baby beef" are  large, there is a heavy demand, especially in New York, for big steers.  About'10,000 head of cattle arc killed  on that market weekly for the orthodox Jewish trade. There arc a million  orthodox .T-ews in the city of Now  York. The- Jews only cat" the fore-  quarter, and the hincl quarters, loins  and rounds go to the high-class hotel and restaurant traelc. As this supplying of the Jewish population of  New York is steadily on the increase,  there will continue to be a demand  for cattle weighing 1,500 to 1,700  pounds.  An item which western producers  of feeder cattle might well ponder  is that a bunch of feeder cattle  bought on thc_ Winnipeg yards last  year at $6.25 per cwt. was taken  down lo Omaha and fed .there, and  ultimately shipped to the Chicago  market and sole] there the first week  of July at $11.25 per cwt. This is the  highest spread on record between fall  and spring prices. Also it might be  remarked that it was the American  feeder that got this money and not  the Canadian shipper.  The Greatest Asset of Democracy  The greatest contribution (it says)  that Great Britain has made to the  war is not the number of men she has  put in the field, or the munitions she  lias turned \\out, or the ships which  i"-(vc sailed the seas, but the unbroken front, solitjanty, a stubborn tenacity of the notion as a whole. That  is a true picture of the English  which every one knows histinclive.lv  lo be true. The confusion is in technique, and that is unimportant.  There arc nations that might run the  war better, but there is not one that  could be more trusted to win the  war, anel that, after all, is the thing  that counts. To be sure of this you  have only to consider what would  happen to the Allies if England deserted them, and what England  wenilei elo if the Allies deserted her.  She would' go on alone, as she has  been known to do before. England  denouncing herself as inefficient is  yet the greatest moral asset of democracy ' in Europe.���������New York  Times.     Used Liquid Fire  IJew Serbian Army  Horrors of Wort of German Invcn-  Force of ioo,000 Brought From Cor  don Graphically Described  A French officer, in his diary reproduced in the Paris Petit Journal,  tells of the horrors of the German  burning liquid machine. Describing  a grenade light, he adds:  "It was while this was going on  that one of. my corporals callcel mc.  He hael made a discovery that was  very interesting, and was destined to  turn the tables on the enemy. He  took inc to a sort of vat that he had  found in front of the parapet of the  Boche trench. 1 recognized it as an  apparatus for burning liquid, and  hastily s^udieel its mechanism by a  pocket lamp. It was very simple. It  needed nothing but the movement of  a pump handle and was all rcatly,  no doubt, for our reception. ' Wc hurriedly-carried the infernal vat to the  mouth of the trench where our comrades were fighting. Some of them  lr.".d already fallen, and were lying  there in their blood. The fall of dusk  helped us, and we in ������������������failed the  machine without being seen. A  spark, and then what a sight!  ' With a hiss, a green and red  flame shot out like a nrey serpent,  and spread into a huge fan of flames  that submerged the whole ,trench.  I shall never forget the piercing  shrieks and hoarse groins. They  were the"cries of the damned1 The  sheet of fire surprised the .50 Ccr-  irans who were sheltering behind  Ihc barrier of chevaux de frise and  filing on us from there. Caught' in  the wave of fire, they could not fly.c  They tried to scramble out, but their  limbs were a mass of burns, and they  could -not sec them, and their eyes-  v/crc blinded. After a vain attempt  they fell back for ever, and all .was  over."  fu to Saloniki Without Loss of  a Man  HOW ORGANIZED COMMON PEOPL  Alberta Pays Up Well  Detailed    Statement    of Receipts by  Constituencies Toward the Canadian Patriotic Fund  The following statement of receipts in'Alberta to" the Patriotic  Fund account for ' the 'last ten  months will be rcael with interest by  all who have this great national cause  at heart. . As is well' known, the  amount required from the province  was allotted to the various constituencies last year, having regard to  their population aud ability to pay.  As will lie seen from the statement  below, several ,of the constituencies  have passcel into the honor roll by  contributing more than was' asked of  them.-Notable among those are Dids.-  bury, .which "passed the required  mark by almost $4,000; High River  by almost $3,000;, ..Lcthbridge by  more than $15,000; Red Deer bv $1,-  000; Rocky Mountain by "over $13,000;  Tabcr by almost $4,000; Camrose by  $11,000; Scdgewickby $1,000, and Victoria by $3,000.  On the other hand, it is to be,noted  with regret that some have fallen considerably short of their allotment and  there is one in the unenviable position of having given nothing whatever.  The statement of amounts allotted  and paid up to June 30th follows:  South Alberta Constituencies  Sept. 1, 1915,  Amount     to  June  Conslitucncv.     Assessed. 30th", 191o  Acadia 3,500.00       3,143.65  Bow Valley  ....   1,500.00  Calgary 90,000.00  Cardston    2,500.00.  Clarcsholm 2,500.00  Cochrane -3,500.00  Coronation 3,500.00  Didsbury 4,500.00  Gleichen 4,000.00  Hand  Hills   ..   ..  3,000.00  High \Rivcr 4,000.00  Innisfail 3,500.00  Little Bow 3,500.00  Lethbridgc 12,000.00  Maclcod 3,000.00  Medicine Hat and  Rcelcliffe 17,500.00  Nanton 3,000.00  Okotoks 3,500.00  Olds 3,500.00  Pinchcr Creek  ... 3,500.00  Reel Deer 7,500.00  Rocky     Mountain 3,500.00  Stctllcr    4,500.00  Tabcr 4,000.00  Warner 1,500.00  The Renter correspondent at Saloniki writes of the sucessful transport of  the Serbian army from Corfu to Saloniki:  "The Allies have another wonderful  feat to their credit. Over 100,000 men  have been brought through seas infested wtih submarines, with never a.  mishap or the loss of one man. It is  an astounding performance, especially if wc lake into onsidcration the  means the enemy undoubtedly possessed of knowing all about every departure and the zeal with which the  Austrian ,U boats, particularly, must  have sought the prize of a transport.  . But in spite .of their vigilance ahd  their daring and their ruthlcssness  they have,not been able to interfere  with the steady flow of troops which  has poured into Saloniki regularly,  methodically anel uneasingly.  "The vessels have tbccn entirely  French transports, and'great praise is  due to skippers and crews for the  manner in which they have accomplished their duties, but both French  anel Serbians gladly and gratefully  recognize that their achievement  would not have been possible without  the British navy; that only the constant vigil and unceasing patrolling of  our warships has made these Mediterranean seaways clear anel safe*.  "Over a hundred thousand Serbians  are now encamped on the plains and  in the valleys somewhere near Saloniki. A fine lot of men they are. Perhaps it has been a case of the survival of the fittest, -but these tall,  thick-set fellows show no traces of  the hardships anel sufferings of the  retreat anel exposure in Albania. Four  months' recuperation' in Corfu has  sloughed away all marks of sickness,  toil and privation. These Serbian soldiers look fit lo go anywhere and do  anything.' And the l.icn.arc as eager  as they are .fit. It is a new-born army  and entirely re-equipped with new-  French anel British uniforms; the  men look exceedingly smart and sol-  dicr-likc. Very proud are they of  their new* clothes, especially of the  general service buttons on the British  uniforms. It speaks well for the moral  stamina of a people that can come  through such trials without . losing  courage or becoming ' embittered.  These soleliers are as confident as  though the -ragi'c past were not, or  had never been. Artless, good-natured  and genuine their faith in their great  Allies is implicit.* They arc sad when,  they think of their homes in' Serbia  and of the women- arid children they  have left behind. Few havc_ heard  anything from their families for over  six" months". But there is a grim determination about them anel an enthusiasm _at the thought of an advance on their enemies.  "Visitors arc made very welcome at  a Scrbain camp. The whole Talent of  the regiment is mobilized in order to  entertain the guests. The Serbians are  a musical people, and some of the soldier choruses were very stirring even  though the martial words were not  understood. At one camp, where I  messed the other clay several of the  men had really first class voices,.anel  one soldier who accompanied himself  on the violin hael a tenor voice that  would secure him an engagement on  any stage. What everybody most'enjoys, however, is the dance, the famous hora of the Balkans. It is yery  simple as far as steps go, but it is  2,574.86 good to see the good-fellowship be-  S6,S77.79 i twceii officers and men as they join  hands in the huge semi-circle which  slowly to rhythm and measure revolves on the green. Then there were  recitations and instrumental solos; wc  heard the gika, a national instrument  very like the Scottish pipes, but cruel-  er anel without the drone of the pibroch. Jt was difficult seeing these  men in holiday mood, to realize that  each and every one of them had been  more than once wounded and that the  commanding officer hael actually been  wounded nine times; that they had  been fighting almost continuously for  four years; that they had been  through scenes and experiences that  might excusably    have    shattered the  OF RUSSIA BRIDGED THE DISASTER  MINDS   OF   MASSES   LIFTED   TO   HIGHER   VISIONS  Influence  of the  War  on   the  People' of Russia Has Been Far  Reaching,   and Never Before Have  Russians Shown  Such  an   Eagerness to do Public Service    o .  2,64'J.S2  2,515.00  3.88-1.35  3,497.45  8,487.64  ���������l,<5S7:&2  3,144.9'j  6,923.40  2,541.57  3.5SJ.25  27,-1)5.00  2,<;50.00  12,740.23  - 1,260.00  4,847.30  2,838.25'  2,225.15 .nerves anel  broken  the bodies of the  8,515.00  17,171.76  5,141.00  7,959.21  1,734.93  Unthrcshcd Grain For Poultry  One of. the best ways we have  found to give our hens interesting  exercise in the winter time is to supply tli cm with unthrcshcd grain in  the sheaves. Oats, wheat and rye  arc all  excellent i:tr this purpose.  Wc always store away enough in  the autumn so that wc can supply-  one or more bundles to every twenty-five fowls each day that they have  to be confined to the house during  the winter. The pleasure and exercise they get in scratching for the'  grains, nacl hulling them, stimulates  both health and egg-production.���������  R.B.S., in Successful Farming.  Provincial Government  Emloyccs   ......    ,  Staff of University of  Alberta  ..   ..   ..   ..  Personal   Contributions  $229,396.59  . .-;44,462.41  ... 2.7SS.03  .."  505.93  strongest. Yet here they were enjoying themselves as. simply and  whole-heartedly as children."  "War is not at all bad," Pastor  Charles Wagner, author of "The Simple Life," declared lo me in the course  of a Paris interview, December, 1914,  say-, a United Press staff correspondent, writing from   Petrograd.  And when 1 asked.him lo go on  and explain, he saiel:  "Out of this turnicil anel slaughter  a few blessing are bound to emerge,  like lilies from the sand of a pond,  hor one thing 1 see a return from a  highly material, to a more spiritual  form_ of everyday life. For another  1 believe the minds of the masses will  be,liftcd by the war in a vision of bigger things.  "No man can go through such an  experience and remain the petty creature he was at the beginning. He can  not go back to his awl anel his last  and pick up bristle and thread just  where he left off.  "War hardens, but war educates;  one must be different afterwards,  one must be -wiser."  The pastor-philosopher was not  speaking of the soldiers of France  alone He included all peoples affected , by the war���������llTe English," the  French,'the Germans, the Austrians  and the Russians.  His inference was that France will  be a different country after the war.  So will Germany and England and  Russia and all the others.  Russia is bound to be a new Russia. That is one of the things the  war means to this mighty empire. It  Western Europe will be changed  through this Armgeddon, how much  more so will the Europe of the East  where the people are comparatively-  young.  'Ihtsc are the things implied bv  Pastor Wagner.  Russia, in fact,' has already changed, already  started  on the new road.  The American coming to Russia  expects to find things more centralized than in France or England.*��������� He  expects to see the government working independently,- above and apart  from the people because in the past  the government has played .the part  of the parent looking after the needs  of the child, or the people. To his  surprise he observes nothing of the  kind. He finds the' Russian people  working for- and with the government. - '  He discovers two great armies in  the land, one in uniform, under arms,  fighting. The. other in plain clothes,  or overalls, at bench anel lathe, working. The ^government's agent, the  general staff, commands both and coordinates their efforts.  Through their All-Russian Zemstvo  Union, their All-Russian Municipality  Union, their Central Committee, their  War Industry Committees, their Cooperative socie-ties and kindred organizations, Russian plain people and  Kussian jceiilry aro working hand in  hand, collaborating with the government and army for the good of the  country at large and for victory.  Never before have the people  shown such an eagerness to do public service anel never before have they  displayed such an aptitude for-il.  No one here makes any secret of  these things. I have talked to many  people high anel low and the facts  ���������which 1 have attempted-to set down  in this scries of articles arc recognized as showing the new trend in  Russia.  "War hardens, but war educates,"  said Wagner. And it "lifts the minds  of lire masses to higher' visions."  One can see it working out here in  Russia, even with the naked eye. The  people have demanded to be put to  work for the public gooel. Jobs have  been given them, they have set to  work anel already they love it.'  Soldiers as   Good Citizens  Brotherly Love of Nations  $277,152.96  North Alberta Constituencies  Sept. 1, 1915,  Amount  Constituency. Assessed.  Athabasca  2,000.00  Alexandra  3,000.00  Beaver   River   ... 1,500.00  Camrosc  9,000.00  Clearwater  500.00  Edson     .   ..   .... 2,000.00  Grouard  1,000.00  Lacombc  6,000.00  Lcduc  3,500.00  Lac Stc. Anne  ... 1,000.00  Ribstonc  4,500.00  Sedgcwick *'..    ... 9,000.00  Sturgeon  3,500.00  St. Albert ..   .... 2,000.00  Stony Plain   .... 2,500.00  St.   Paul  1,500.00  South     Edmonton 3,500.00  Ponoka  3,500.00  Peace River  ..   .*. 3,000.00  Pembina  1,500.00  Victoria   ..   ..   .. 3,000.00  Vermilion ..  .... 4,500.00  Hot Weather Advice  Watch your, own health this summer. Begin by paying attention tp  vour food and drink supply. Don't  drink healing fluids. Don't cat large,  quantities of- heavy foods. Don't fret  about temperatures. Heat is ,a normal and necessary thing in summer.  Expect il, prepare for it, . make the  best of it.  In  the home, remember  thnt shide.  is     usually    cool    anel     comfortable.  Blinds properly handled keep out sun  *0" 1016iravs-    Thcv '"-re    heat    units.     Keep  11013 91l������Ht flics "������<'  '"osqnilocs.    Eat  vegc-  2,660.60  301.85  20,014.0J  to June  [tables  and   fruits  freely.  Go   fishing  and   bathing  frequently.     Get  a  normal  amount   of  sleep.    Do  only  one  u'-j^7'-j^  fay,s woric -r. ;inv single da j'.  '"��������� t")7 9'> ,-*'tet vom" winter supply of coal in  T'niz'rT early. ' Then vou'll have less to  /Vvrri**^  wor'rv  about.���������Dcrtoit  Free  Press.  Why   German   Antipathy    Is Shown  More Against Britain Than  France or Russia  Apparently the Germans have decided that if they must be licked they  would rather be licked by the French  than by the British. They arc still  "strafing" England. This docs not  mean', by any means, that the Germans have come to the conclusion  that they will have lo be licked, but  merely that they will take no chances.  That must be the meaning of their  operations against the drive of the  allies on the western front. Paris  as well as London, says that the  Germans are making a more desperate resistance to the British often-,  sive than they aie to the French  offensive, that they are opposing it  with more guns and more men, anel  that they arc directing their reinforcements to that part of the^ front.-  In both capitals this "explanation is  given, of the greater progicss made  by the French. '    ' -  This German" antipathy to Great  Britain is also disclosed, no doubt  unwillingly, in the Berlin official announcements. It is a reeling that is  easily explained. But" for Great  Britain Germany's task would have  been coinpaiatively easy. Fitst the  British navy, next British financial  resources, and "-stly British soldiers  anel munitions have been the chief  obstacles to Gcimany's military success.' They have blocked her at"  every stage of the war, and now they  threaten to turn the tide of battle  against her. It is hardly to be wondered at that Germany is quite- willing to have God punish England, although the circumstances can hardly  justify such heathenish expressions of'  hate as arc contained in Ernst Lis-  sauer's notorious verses.���������Hartford  Con rant.'  o*  The Puzzled German People  .The   people   of     Germany   are   b'e������  ginning to get angry with  their rulers    because    of  tlie privations  they  are forced lo endure.  The rulers are in an awkward position. They have maele the people  believe that Gcimany has won" vie- -  torics on land and sea, and the people begin to think it is time the victorious kaiser should stop the war  and' rest content, having gained Belgium, a large pait of Fiance, a good  ,dcal of Poland, and the mastery of  the sea.  How is Berlin to tell the German  people that all these boasted victories amount to nothing���������t'-at the  British navy is still on the job, and ,  that the kaiser's armies would be de-'  stroyed if they tried to jump up " id  run honie?.,   The people arc rioting in 20 cities  and they will have to be told the  truth very soon. One leading German paper hints at it in saying that  the Allies will offer Germany no  peace but a shameful one." And such  as il is Germany must in the end accept it. The people will have to be -  told.���������Toronto Star.  6,570.25  2,077.50  234.20  3.75-!.c'l  10^01 S.58  It Takes a Man to Wear Kilts  Canadian Scottish troops arc found  1������ ^c 'css subject to pneumonia    and  -'908 45 'lung trouble than others who elo not  '778 75 I wear kilts, and the toughness of these  1 -".)'.) 00 'soldiers is attributed in large part    to  '"    '     (this peculiar uniform.    But  from the  ".35 S3  start it takes a man to wear' cm. Could  the Seventh  or the; Seventy-first    or  the twenty-third  N>-G.  N.  Y. do it  and make as gooel an appearance    as  the    sturdy    Scotsman    docs?���������New  Yorl: Sun.  Vcgrcvillc ..  Whitford   ..  Wctaskiwin  Wain wright  Summary:  City of  Edmonton  4,500.00  1,500.00  5,000.00  4.500.00  90,000.00  2,626.00  333.60  40.10  5,990.45  4,090.15  4,566.98  2,992.46  4,473.00  2,140.85  S2.S07.27  Towns and Rural Districts  Alberta Civil Service and  University, of Alberta ..  86,778.76  83,908.64  46,957.35  They're Everywhere.  The announcement that an Austrian Cruiser has sunk four or five  British patrol boats in the Straits of  Otranto raises the question as to  what British boats were doing there.  The Straits of Otranto arc supposed  1.0 be the special care of the Italians  and the French.���������Buff-uo Express.  Ach, Louis���������I'm afraid these Louis  XV. heels arc much too high for me.  Perhaps you have    lower   ������nes���������say  $217,644.75jabotit Louis X. would do, I think,  How   the   Ironsides in the  Time  oft  Cromwell Returned to Peace  In connction with the position of  soldiers after the war, . it is interesting to rcael Macaulay's tribute to  the olel soldiers who fought under  Oliver. Cromwell: "The troops arc  now disbanded. Fifty thousand men  accustomed to the profession of  arms, were at once thrown on the  world; and experience seemed to warrant the belief that this change would  produce misery and crime, that the  discharged veterans would be seen  begging in every street, or that they  would be driven by hunger to pillage.  But no such result followed. In a few  months there remaincel not a trace  that the most formidable army in the  world had been -absorbed into the  ways of the community. The Royalists themselves confessed that in  every department of honest industry  the said ex-residents were exemplary  beyond oilier men, that none were  charged with any theft or robbery,  that none was heard to ask for alms,  and that if a baker, a mason, or a  wagoner attracted attention by his  diligence and sobriety, he was'in all  probability, one of Oliver's old soldiers."  Wife, pleadingly���������I'm afraid Oliver  you elo not love mc any more, at  least.not so much as 3-011 used'to.  Husband���������Why?  Wife���������Because you always let mc  get up  to  light  the  fire  now.  Husband���������Nonsense, my dear!  Your getting up to light the fires  makes mc love you all the more!  Doomed  Anxious Mother���������Young Millyuns  seems to be quite friendly with you  of late. Do you know what his intentions are?  Pretty Daughter���������No, and I don't  care; but 1 know what mine are.  Our Naval Heroes  These men have died for us and for  all who exist, behind the shelter of  the Fleet, under the ample folds of  the British flag. They have met death  as they prcpaicd by years of strenuous training lo meet il whenever the  hour should strike, and the memory  of their courageous end in face of the  foe will be revived whenever, in fuller knowledge, the stoiy of this battle  is. recalled in after years. The ships  wc could spare, though their disappearance represents a decrease of our'  strength; they arc not a serious, and  certainly in no sense a vital, loss. The  deaths of ofi'icci.s anel men represent  a disaster, for ihey cannot be replaced.  They have made the great and final  sacrifice, their peisonal hisloiy henceforth to be incorporated in" the pages  of the glorious record of British sea-  power, by which the cnipiic was  created, and by which it exists loela>,  ii- strength renewed by the veiy influence of the war.���������London Telegraph.  Let No Mistake Be Made  Viewed from the stand-point not ol  ihc immediate present, but of the unknown future, the position is as gra\ c  as any which has confronted the  world. Every ship that sinks beneath the water raises the puce of  the necessaries of life in ever} country on cither sielc of the Allanhe.  With every man, woman, e>r child who  is assassinated the security of the  whole human family is lessened That  is the situation. If it be cvadeel today, the terrible penalty must be paid  tomorrow. It is not for us to attempt to dictate to neutral people*  how they should think anel act in tins  emergency. Let no mistake be made  ���������seeds arc now being sown by the  enemy in the oceans whih may spring  up in the years to come and choke  civilization.���������London Telegraph.  An American tells of a visit to a  Zoo in Ireland, on which occasion he  was much.interested in a solitary sea  lion.  Turning to one of the keepers, the  American-asked, as he pointed to ihe  solitary beast.    "Where's  his  matt"'"  "He has. no mate, sor," responded  the Celt.   "We just feed him on fish."  Grubbs-r-I never realizcel until now  what a convinced optimist Binks is.  Stubbs���������What made you form your  new estimate of him?  Grubbs���������The fact that he is trying  to raise chickens, roses and two bull  pups all on the same lot."  1-  -:-!  - - i  ���������"���������.Vt*  --���������ja  _ ������������������ t  ��������� -*!  '-.id  - v "-if 1  "*'H'.t  *w.*  y  ... .*)������  4 . -*:-iV..  -A/,  1  *"     Jl -v>B  - t- '/ ->���������  >v*I  ".*��������� "-Si  -���������"(������������������if THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      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'      -   ''" V'-^-'.'-y.'-s'iti  sfei<     ,.^"-  \*   '      "-       "    .        !&7iii&&\  'Wt"-.'"*������> .' -"   ;,- ���������       -'-,.-.-'   -'--'^'t > *-'l<-"',.{'1  Wrdii,A^'Z< .,-.,-/ .-('.,     --  - -'-'-c-1 iM?-t  ���������.*>*-*���������.**���������.-*������������������'-���������,���������*���������-' - -. ^r.- ..     ��������� , .- ��������� -       . -', /-V-e- J^.-���������*  ?W" *->���������...'-���������>-'  '    '-      *--,.-    .4'!^?:A/%I  ?*������"%���������-'*-.',.< >'t ;v-v-   -���������        -*->v.-\'-,<   tkfittJtePtX&tf  ���������;������l-;" "-*���������<*M' '������������������'"?*"���������*-/-",'.' r-'--**:"- --~-,-.^>. ���������*,<.z������&$&i'&m  ?>* ���������' v    -      - <. i ���������"  -  -  -      --, <   -   ;/ .  ,������v,%s������v*ist>������s-s^a  \SS?  s s*<* >;*>!sSj9  ral  text  f-^/������*^#  ;;<*<?;--���������< *  i;-*s *������������������--?.  >,.... .., .^���������...      ���������   , ,//,'VVj"w-������r   tf. I  ���������f-'-t-fv --���������   :t>:     I ' "      <* "-     - "--';^ ' -Vt-'-v-: >-���������?--i*   ���������-' 1  fi'^jf;'..-, '^'-;l-, ,;*|r-.*>-v.'U'i.,-���������.'���������;.��������� '-'������,".'-'". .Vi^'^^T'ft**'   **1  ^fl^'<������'-'-<Ji'*'i*'^. - '--J--'  ^mti-i- /*'-  ������->>5(-4'* A*1**' ^**v\  kfflM&Jv/    I  *;"  I^yS1 '-4'* ���������*i������,'������������' f  THIS   is   surely   the   era   of   bined to make the fetching little  feminine frocks���������that is, if   evening frock whose color touches  one wants to wear them������������������   rely on the blue embroidery on the   .  for one can be just as tailored as one   points of the skirt and the bodice. r  chooses in the mornings, but in the   This is a bought flouncing of  or-i  afternoon and evening one can bios-   gandie, while the picoted ruffle which v  som forth with ruffles and lace and   follows the pointed edge is white net. -  embroidery galore. It is a noticeable   The corded chemisette is net also. A v  fact that the solid white frock with-   pretty contrasting note is sounded  out   any   relieving   color  touch is   with the pink roses scattered over the ���������  rather the exception than the rule in   skirt and holding the bertha at the  these fluffy-ruffle styles. center front.   The pleated ruffles at  Take the frock composed almost the hip line and on the underskirt are  entirely of ruffles. It is organdie of soft blue ribbon,  upon white net, each tiny organdie Just lace-edged ruffles are used to  ruffle edged with a picoted ruffle of make another organdie frock attract-  lavender organdie, caught in the ive. The application of these ruffles  stitching of the larger white one. in undulating lines gives the frock a  The sash is a deep violet velvet to fluffier appearance still. The color  carry out the pastel color scheme. -     note is supplied with the green faille  A pretty way to treat net is to girdle and sash ends of ribbon,  cover the cords which are used for A dear little frock, which is hardly  flaring the flounces .with a colored fluffy but delightfully feminine, is  silk before they are run thru the net made from a very fine French voile,  casings. In the three-tiered skirt Alternate skirt panels are tucked  frock this method has been success-    and the others are embroidered with  fully followed. The generous bertha   a deep pink silk. All are lace edged.   'j/fPfe&Sfhti [/&(?  is corded also, and the sleeve ruffles   A yoke which extends up in points on    ^/V>/**������,o 'firfdesf  are -finished in the   same   manner,    the soft bodice is also embroidered,    ^/^L^ ���������  The brocaded sash is  corn color to    and the deep shoulder which extends    'CVTSJeS  match the cordings. Into the sleeves shows more of the  Net and organdie have been com-   delicate pink stitching.  i>*  * ������������������������  <*v  I   %$  h   *  v 1  *    4      .  ���������W    ���������- ������ >   *.  '0 /-    -  **- 5 rJl  .'"���������*���������  > ^  C~*-A wlRilP  mM  ISBUS  ill-Hi  mmm  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  Fi  h  Eggs And The  Poultry Trade  U    The    Western    Canadian    Farmers'  -* Great Opportunity to Build Up   ���������  a Profitable Industry  Perhaps never again will Canadian  Farmers  have  such a  wonderful  opportunity presented to them of developing a great, profitable, and abiding  egg  and  poultry    trade  with     Great  Britain as is literacy being thrown in  their way today; and most assuredly,  if  this  great  opportunity is  grasped  promptly, the result will be a poultry  industry of such magnitude anel pro-  J  fitableness as has never been dreamed  il of even by the most enthusiastic.  \.     There is a demand in the British  market for eggs and poultry such as  has never been known before.    From  the year 1909 to 1913 the imports of  eggs into    Great    Britain    increased  from 177,108,334 dozens to 215,799,500  dozens. - Owing to war conditions it  'i is estimated that for 1915 and 1916 at  3*4 least-100,000,000 dozens of this supply  must be cut off so far as the former  sources of supply are concerned.  . At the time of the outbreak of the  European -war Canada's     exports of  [JfJ eggs amounted to practically nil. We  j were not producing a sufficient quan-  ) tity of eggs  for home    consumption,  ,',and our imports of eggs were increas-  ij i������g year by year-,  ������    Since the outbreak of the war Can-  (j, ada has  exported  considerable  quan-  V titics of eggs to Great Britain;    and  *'careful  consideration of the business  ;?, done  with   Great   Britain   during  the  r������ period  from  the fall  of  1914 to  the  '^present .time  will  show us, not "only  J|f that w.c are in danger of losing'a gol-  j| den' opportunity, but that the oppor-  *A tunity is ours if we will accept'it.  '{������������������     In the first place, then, it is to be  s^ feared that we have not been shipping  t eggs of such quality as will encourage  ,,ka  continued     demand  from   ^Britain  ijj!' after  the time of  stress  has  passed,  Q .simply because we 'have not had eggs  of such    quality as we might    quite  ^easily have had to ship.    In spite of  (this  unfortunate    fact,  owing to  the  %' wonderfully favorable  conditions  ex-  ���������isting^in Canada for the production of  the very finest quality of eggs, Canadian eggs have - commanded    higher  prices  on the  British markets     than  United   States .eggs,  which  goes     to  show what could be accomplished if  -the effort wer.e made. ,.  Now comes the question "How have  ���������wc managed  to  export     eggs to  the  British- markets at all?"    Simply by  slightly increasing our production and  sending out our own eggs and replacing them with imported eggs.    Then,  taking our western eggs we find that  -the  eastern  egg dealers,  in their  efforts  to meet    the  export    demand,  came west to buy eggs, but found that  our western eggs generally were not  -of a quality such as would find favor  )\ on the British markets, so they shipped   every  eastern   egg  possible   and  retained  the western  eggs  for home  ���������consumption.    Looking at the condi-"  tion of the industry in A'lberta today  what do we find? 'There has been an  even greater shortage than usual this  season, the reasons for this being various; but in which are included a lack  of interest and correct    methods  on  the part of many.   This shortage presents an opportunity to those who are  only too ready to grasp it of shipping  eggs   into   Canada  to   meet  the  ever  rapidly increasing demand on the part  of the consumer of eggs.    The result  is that United  States,    Chinese,    and  other eggs    step in and    replace the  Canadian, the Alberta eggs,���������and instead    of drawing    money    into  our  country wc are seneling good money  out of the country, allowing others to  snatch  from us  a terribly large portion    of an industry so    valuable, so  easy to make a start in, and the returns from . which, if correctly   conducted in its every phase are so quickly realized.       - * ,  Today the Alberta hen has an av-1  erage production    to    her    credit of  forty-nine     eggs  per  annum,���������which  might quite easily be increased by one  hundred per cent., given correct methods   of   breeding,  feeding,   housing,  and  general  care;  and  this  with  exceedingly I'ttle added expense in run-  t-lng the flocks.  It is true that our producers here  are faced by many discouragements  owing to the unsatisfactory marketing  conditions which have prevailed; but  a great opportunity is being offered to  the farmers of Alberta, Saskatchewan  and Manitoba, by die Dominion and  Frovincial Department of Agriculture,  to remedy these conditions and take  this   wonderful    industry    seriously. I  \\.'\ .       ������������������.._���������.!���������_  I."    c���������...       ,._    i  Development of Submarine  M. P. Prophesies Future Submarine  Like Great Liner '  Sir Joseph Compton Rickeft, M. P.,  makes a startling prediction s to the  future service-of the submarine. "Very  soon," he avers, "the Atlantic will be  darkened by huge airships, and its  depths explored by submarines. Sub  merged traffic of warships or liners  will be conducted with immunity from  weather.  Germany boasts that she is building vessels so capacious that they will  carry mails and passengers to America. There is really no limit to their  possible size except tho depth of  water Ln which they will have to op-  crate.  "The submarine of today will be  the exhibit of a future museum like  the old rocket, the pioneer locomotive of the railway world. Compared  with the early twentieth century specimen, the submarine, of the future  will resemble an Atlantic liner beside  a river steamboat.  "In this development wc shall recover our communications, fo. in time  of war'we'shall adopt the alternative  of sub-aqueous navigation. The darkness of the sea depths will provide the  path of safety for the great liners,  and our imports, exports, and passengers will pass freely from continent  to continent. On quiet days wc may  navigate the surface, but plunge below  to escape the buffet of storrr or the  hail of shell. The freedom of the seas  will be translated from an expression  into a fact.  "Having be-come amphibious we can  use the waters in the .way best suited to the purpose. A battle fleet will  grow' as sportive as a school of  whales. Forty feet b.low the surface  an everlasting peace begins, but"-it  will be no longer the pea- e of the  tomb, but the still waters and green  pastures of "Jeptune. Attempts may  be made ro detect the approach of  other submerged vessels, but it is  doubtful whether the vibration of  water will'convey sufficient information.  Farm Home  Conveniences | How to Impose World Peace  Much Needed Improvements to Make Humam^ino- ���������a  r.���������.-r ���������       -o  the Rnml Tfnmf. a ������-,-=���������.���������;������������������ [humanizing and Civilizing Energ  Are Needed  Agriculture in the Schools  Many Opportunities Available For  Correlating Farming Interests  With School Work  In the public schools of most of  the provnees of Canada, nature study  and agriculture are included in the prescribed course of work, but the oppor.  tun'ity. of correlating school subjects  with practical life on the farm is not  always fully utilized. In rural and  village schools, particularly, the interest of children in their school  work should be aroused and held by  its intimate "contact with agriculture.  A few suggestions are offered herewith for impressing upon the pupils  the utility value of the subjects  taught.  "In connection with the teaching of  arithmetic the following topics' might  be used as a basis for problems and  -general   instruction:  Neat methods of compiling, farm  records, e.g., milk and ' egg production, receipts and expenses, time  sheets, etc. These records will form  the basis for numerenrs problems  Cost of production rent, labor, wear  and fear of machinery; marketing of  farm products, computation of profits; mensuration of fields, wood-piles,  lumber, ice-houses, etc.; invoices,  cheques, receipts and commercial  forms;   taxation;   mortgages.  The teaching of reading anil the  study of literature offer exceptional  opportunities for arousing the interest of the pupil.  The best literature is replete with  selections calculated to inspire a love  of outdoor life and an interest in  the plants and animals with which  the country child comes in dally contact. " Whittier's The Barefoot Boy,  Burns'.To ia Mountain Daisy, and Lowell's description of a day in June are  examples, and every teacher will be  able to pick out scores of other pieces  of merit.  the Rural Home Attractive  At the last annual meeting of the  Commission of Conservation a report  of a survey conducted on 400 farms  during  1915   was   presented. ���������   Some  interesting data were secured respecting conditions in many rural homes.  Keeping the young people on    the  farm is one of Canada's national problems.    Many  causes  have   been suggested for the yearning for the city.  The  conveniences  of  the  city home  constitutes  one  of  the chief attractions.   Notwithstanding this, however,  very few farmerB    have    introduced  these conveniences into their homes.  Of the 400 farmers visited, 53 per  cent, have young people in their families.    With this large percentage of  young people 'it is a regretable fact  that only two farmers out' of every  hundred  have  bathrooms    in    their  homes.   Only 6.2 per cent, have water  closets,  only  2.6' per cent,  have  a complete service, and only 2.2 per  cent, have electric light.   In these 400  homes, only 16.5 per cent, have the  water piped  to  the  house,  and  but  17.5  per cent, have furnaces in the  home.   These conditions are entirely  within the control of    the    farmers,  86.7 per cent, of whom are the own-i  ers of farms averaging-126.5 acres.  In contrast with the foregoing, the  conveniences which have been supplied by the government and public  utility companies" and of which the  farmer, has availed himself stand -out  prominently. The Post Office Department has carried to 76 per cent, of  these 400 farmers rural free 'mail delivery, allowing 77 per cent, of- them  to be- supplied with dally newspapers,  while 58.2 per cent, have the convenience of a telephone.  Only -2.5 per cent, have complete  sanitary service in their homes, while  o per cent, have automobiles, and  13.5 per cent, have either automobile  or horse and buggy for the young  people.  Much has been said and written of  late to interest the farmer in the automobile, but little is heard of such  household,conveniences as the bath  tub, kitchen sink, sanitary closet, etc.  The automobile may carry the rural  housewife , away from her drudgery  for a few hours a week, and to that  extent proves a blessing, but the price  of an automobile would provide a water supply ��������� and other conveniences  that go with it, and render the home  a home both ,to the housewife and  the young people.  res  Fighting between national groups  of individuals stands on -precisely the  same footing as fighting between individuals. The political stability and  good order of nations, it is beginning  to be seen, can be more satisfactorily  maintained by a tribunal having a  strong police force behind it than by  fne method of allowing the individual  nations concerned to fight out quarrels between themselves. The stronger nations have for a large part imposed this r������ace ripon the smaller na-  Ucds of Europe to the great benefit  of the latter. How can we impose a  similar peace upon the stronger nations, for their own benefit and forthe benefit of tlie whole world? To  that task all our energies must be  directed.  A long series of eminent thinkers  and investigators,-from Comte and  Buckle a century ago to Dr. Woods  and Mr. Baityly today, have assured  us that war is diminishing, and even  that the warlike spirit is extinct. It  is certainly not true that the warlike  spirit is extinct, even in the most civ.  ilized and peaceful peoples, and we  need not desire its extinction, for it  is capable of transformation into  shapes of the finest use for humanity.  But the vaBt conflagration of today  must not conceal from our eyes the  great central fact that was is diminishing, and will one day 'disappear 'as  completely as the medieval scourge of  the Black Death. To reach this con-  summotion all the best humanizing and  civilizing energies of mankind will be  needed.���������(Havelock Ellis In The Na-  ���������tion.)  Canada's Forests  France's Mighty Passion.  Sacrificing Everything So That Liberty  May  Live  Vast as the effort of England nas  been,  it would  not be    possible    to  claim  for  us  the  intensity  of spirit,  that makes France in these days such   uUilzlnS this  timber has resulted in  a revelation of national' passion     It   ���������*lie  dispatch  of  a   battalion of  Can-  Much Timber Will Be Required For  Reconstruction Work in  Europe  The economio importance of the  forest resources of this continent will  be greatly enhanced as a result of the  war. Enormous quantities of timber  are necessarily used for military purposes in addition to what is unavoidably destroyed in the fighting zone.  The shortage of tonnage has made  it impracticable for the needed supplies ot timber to be furmshed on  any large scale from Canada or the  united fatates, and, as a result, heavy  cutting Has become necessary in the  belligerent countries. While England is not generally regarded as a  rorest country, and 'nas made relatively lrttle progress in public forestry,  there is still in "bmgiand and Scotland a considerable amount of timber, mostly on royal and private  estates.   The imperative necessity for  After Harvest   Cultivation  The following extracts are from  the report on Illustration Farms  given at the annual meeting of the  Conservation Commission in January,  1916:  Five of the farmers chosen to conduct illustration work had been practising   after-harvest  cultivation   previous to the visits of the Commission's  instructor.    Since  his' visits,  twenty  of   the   farmers   have   adopted     this  practice.    Eighteen state that it has  _ helped to keep down weeds, and that  j It has increased their yields and the  profits from their farms.  George R. Barrie (Gait, Ont.):  "Our  experience  with after-harvesr  cultivation has proven to us that it  helps greatly in keeping down weeds  and the laud is in a better condition  to -withstand   the   drought   the   next  year."  W. T. Hands,  (Perth, Ont):  Excepting clover  seed    production  and seeding,this is in my opinion the  most important illustration.,   We. find  it pays from every standpoint and as  proof that this part of the work has  been noticed many of the farmers in  this   district   aire   demonstrating   its  value for themselves and   the   acreage   increases   yearly.     Three   years  ago this was not done."  Thos. Hall, (Brooklin, Ont.): "If  one wants good crops he has to gang  plough and cultivate after the .harvest."  Thomas McDowell, (Shawville,  P-Q.):  "After-harvest cultivation was not  practised- in this community until  three years ago and now many farmers are doing quite a lot of it and  find it very profitable for it usually  insures a good catch of grass and  clover, leaving the land quite porous  and fertile."  Albert Schurman, (Central Bede-  que, P.E.I.): "I notice many of my  neighbors are taking up this practise."  ���������F.C.N.  Control of  the Thistle  State Socialism  Sweeping Extension of System Predicted For Germany  If straws show" which way the wind  blows there is to be a sweeping extension of State Socialism in Germany. That-country's foremost writers on economics and finance arc  now giving the matter serious attention, and much is being done by the  ,,��������� .,      , > -   .various    cities    and    smaller munici-  yvhen we cons.dcrhow few even to-;paIilies  to, the   same   end.     For    in-  day look upon poultry raising as one  of the most important branches of  agriculture and then, in spite of this  fact, see that the cs'imated value of  eggs alone produced in Canada in 1915  was $30,000,000, what might be expected if the industry shculd be taken seriously and conducted as a real business? In 1911 the actual value o. the  poultry industry in eggs and poultry  sold off our Canadian farms was two  and a half times -.he value of the  whole fruit crop; six times the value  of all the sheep; and half the value of  all the cattle produced. Still the demand is for more -r.d better poultry  and eggs. The opportunity is here to  build up a wonderful and profitable  ���������industry. Shall we throw this opportunity away for others to snatch, and  ���������regret our mistake in the future?  An old couple in the south were  much distressed, owing to their in-  -creasing poverty. Thinking their son  .-in the north would help them, they  wrote stating their trouble, and saying that if he did not aid them they  would be obliged to go to the poor  \house.  A couple of weeks passed, and then  came a letter from' the son, saying:  "My dear parents: Just wait an-  .other week and I'll come home and  go with you.���������Your affectionate son."  They Are Never Satisfied  What is the cause of social unrest?  "The desire,"    replied    Mr. Dustin  .Stax,  "of   the  workingman   for  leisure and    of    the leisurely    man for  .-something to keep him busy."  "Jones    has a suit of clothes  -every day in the week,"  "I have only seen him.*"- -aiic;'  "Well, that's it!"   ���������  tor  stance, at the moment, the government has a sugar and cigarette monopoly under consideration, according  to the special Berlin correspondent of  the New York Sun, who also says  that both these monopolies were seriously considered even before the  war.  As regards the municipalities, they  are under pressure of the British  food blockade, being forced by the  necessity of providing the highest  possible supply of food stuffs for  the urban population, to start farming on their own account. For instance, such towns as Hanover and  Mainz have bought landed estates  for municipal cultivation, and it is  intended to thus improve the supply  of milk and pork for .their own localities. Frankfurt is to erect a municipal slaughter house, while Ulm has  undertaken chicken farming on a  large scale. Coblentz has bought  cattle and pigs in large numbers to  be placed upon municipal property.  The Berlin papers are inclined to  look upon these economic and socialistic changes with a. favorable eye and  as good signs. They contend that  there is altogether too much vacant  land given over to luxury,'1 and once  they can get this land.under cultivation and put to useful and productive occupation so much the better  for the country as a whole. And once  they have learned to feed themselves  there will be no further necessity to  look to the outside world for supplies  as was done previous to the present  war.���������Toronto Saturday Night.  Some Satisfaction  Miss Green���������Of course,    you can't  believe everything you hear.  Miss Gadleigh���������Oh. no: but you can j that liberty may live.���������(A.G.G. In Lon  "������������-" it. j don Daily News.)  would be strange if that were possible  -We do not live in the visible presence  of war. To equal the passion of  France we should have to share its  tragedy���������we should have to see England from Liverpool, through the Potteries, to Birmingham and the Wash  in the hands of the enemy, every village and town over that long line of  battle in ruins, a belt of desolation  extending right through-the heart of  England, all the resources of Lancashire and Yorkshire feeding the fires  of the enemy and all over the country north of London given over to the  operations of war. That has been  something like tho position of France  for nearly two years and under that  terrific grandeur and a. devotion of  spirit as splendid as anything in history.  It is. that revelation which has bvrst  on me with profound meaning through  the emotions of these thrilling days. I  have seen a nation in agony, but it  is an agony borne with a greatness of  soul that will be an imperishable memory of the war. It Is only by seeing  all the phases of the life: of France  today, in the trenches, in the factories, in the fields, in tlie sphere of administration that one discerns ', the  mighty passion that has transfigured  the nation. . There is in that transfiguration something epic and personal. It is as though the nation has resolved itself into a single figure, and  a single emotion. Wherever I have  gone I have seemed to have that figure-moving beside me and that emotion flaming heaven-high in my pres  ence.   ���������.,;���������������������������..'  It is the flame of the France of- the  Revolution. Fox saw in that flame  the fire that was to consume the old  tyranny of feudalism from the earth.  It burned itself out and from its ashes  there emerged a new imperialism,  but the spirit that gave it birth has  remained the undying motive of  F'rance ever since and today the flame  of liberty glows again like a pillar of  fire throughout the land. .As I stood  the other day on the great parade  ground at Suippes, where General  Gourand was reviewing some of the  troops behind the lines of Champagne  and conferring decorations ou officers  and men who had distinguished themselves in the struggle of the trenches  I seemed to see the issue of this war  stated with moving and memorable  emphasis. From a score of bands, as  the regiments of war-stained soldiers  passed by, there broke the triumphant strains of the "Marseillaise."  For more than a century the story of  France has been centred in that immortal song of liberty. With every  reaction the tyrants have sought to  stamp it out of the heart of the  people, but always it has come again  to their lips and today it is the unchallenged utterance of the nation,  weighted with the splendid indignation  against tyranny, sobbing with the sadness of sacrifice, thrilling with the  note of victory or death. Nearly a  million of the sons of France have  died in this .war in the spirit of that  deathless song, and as It rose and fell  with the passing of troops, and as I  saw the general "salute it as tho anthem of his country I realized that  here in France, if nowhere else, the  j Issue is plain and that men are dying  adian woodsmen to cut it for-war pur  poses. Very large quantities have  also been cut in France and in Russia. In Belgium, the ^Germans have  cut a large proportion of; the timber  and have used it in military operations or shipped it to Germany.  The result of all this over-cutting  will mean a heavy shortage of-timber for reconstruction purposes after  the war, when it should be possible  lo make large shipments from this  continent. This will mean a largely  increased drain" upon Canadian forests, and serves to emphasize the  necessity for still more complete conservation of this tremendously valuable asset. If Canada rs to take full  advantage of her opportunities for  world-service in this direction.  The greatest enemyV of the forest  is and always has been fire. It has  been estimated that the average annual forest fire loss in this country  is sufficient to pay the interest on  the recent Dominion loan of $100,-  000,000. To reduce this loss, it is  necessary not only to grant larger  appropriations for fire-ranging ser-  -vices, but also to reorganize such  services in a number of cases, i,vlth  a view of securing a dollar's worth  of protection for every dollar spent.  It has been stated on competent authority that at present more money is  wasted on forest fire protection, for  lack of proper organization and supervision, than is expended advantageously  The importance of the forest In the  internal economy of Canada is  shown by the fact that the average  total value of forest products of Canada is in the neighborhood of $180,-  000,000, or an average wealth production of about $25 per head of popula.  tion. Nearly $8,000,000 in direct rev.  enue is received annually by the federal and provincial' governments  from the sale or lease of cutting rights  to publicly-owned timber lands and  from royalty and stumpage payments  made upon timber so cut Some  5,000 wood-using industries in Canada  are directly dependent upon the supply of timber cut from non-agricultural lands.  Nothing New Under the Sun  Aeroplanes and Submarines Are Said  to be Centuries Old  According to researches by a  French professor, it would appear  that submarines have almost as hoary  a past as aeroplanes, which, as is well  known involve ideas which are centuries old.  It also appears that submarines  were built as early as the beginning  of the seventeenth century. The origin  of the invention is older still. Aristotle  tells how Alexander the Great made  use of submarines during the siege of  Tyre more than 300 years btfore  Christ.  A Dutchman named Cornelius Van  Drebbel astounded London in 1620  with a submarine that held twelve  oarsmen and some passengers, among  whom was King James I.  Previous to this, in 1534 a monk  suggested the idea that a -hip be  constructed of metal so as to be wat-  tcrtight and able to resist" the press-  lire of. water.  In 1537 a ship with twenty cannon,  eigghty sailors, and many bags of  money on board blew up and sank in  the port of Dieppe.  Three years later a Frenchman, Jean  Barrie, called Pradine, built, according  to the olel monk's ideas, a submarine  with which he promised to rescue the  bags of gold and silver from the  wreck, and possibly some pieces of  artillery. _  The great Pascal, then a little boy,  was an eye-witness to the experiments  of Pradine, which were carried on till  1650 with ultimate success.  But it is not on record that any of  these submarines were murderers of  little children.  A Trifle Dangerous  - The scene was a wrecked village  a few miles behind the British lines  in Northern France. It has been  fought through and probably under  the impression that troops were billeted among the ruins, the Germans  dropped shells on the miserable place  at frequent intervals.  The village, however, only contained a score of. natives and a Red Cross  motor detachment, who found shelter  in the cellars and slept indifferent to  the work of the Kaiser. The invariable morning question, relates "The  Motor," addressed to the old lady  who presided over this underground  hotel, was "Has there been much doing during the night," "Ah, monsieur," she replied, "the Prussians  dropped 200 shells on our town last  night. I really think wc shall have  to move from here; this war is beginning to be dangerous."  Kitchener's Forebodings of the Sea  One remarkable revelation may  without : impropriety be made about  Lord Kitchener. It is that Le had a  Su'rt of foreboding of an accident at  sea. So much was this the case that  he never crossed from Dover ,to  Calais without wearing a lifebelt  waistcoat, one that he bad specially  made for him in Egypt btfore he mid,  his famous advance on Khartoum.  Though so often on the sea and an  excellent sailor, he detested a sea passage, and never felt comfortable on  board any ship. He always complained that the sea affected his otherwise  excellent sighi���������excellent, that is, considering his age and how much he had  been exposed to a tropical sun. Another curious point was that, whilst  he always acquired, curios in any part,  of the.world in which he might be, he  took care never to allow his purchases to-be on the vessel on which he  was a passenger.���������Manchester Guardian.  England, Spain and Switzerland  have prohibited the exportation of  needles, and the knit goods industry  of France is suffeiinp from its inability to purchase knitting needles from  these countries.  The Committee on Lands recommends very earnestly, to individual  farmers and to all local, provincial and  Dominion authorities concerned with  the matter, that no effort be spared  to reduce, as quickly and as far as  practicable, the p'revaleace of weeds,  and to bring about generally,- on the  farms, cultivated fields and seeds  which shall  be reasonably clean;  Further, that steps should be taken  to introduce to the people, and the  scholars in our schools, methods of  carrying on the work of weed extermination.���������From Report of Seventh Annual Meeting of the Commission of  Conservation.  Barrister's Wife���������So your client  was acquitted of murder. On what  grounds?  Barrister���������Insanity. We proved  that his father once spent two years  in an asylum.  Barrister's Wife���������But he didn't did  he?  Barrister���������Yes. He was doctor  there, but we had not time to bring  that fact out.���������Tit-Bits.   .  "You married a rich wife, didn't  you?" asked Jones of his friend.  "Yes," he sighea," "but she's .rot declared any dividend yet."  Visitor���������To what do you attribute  your remarkable health?  Octogenarian���������Well, I reckon I got  a good start on most people by being born before germs were discov-  cicel, thereby having less to worry  about. ;  The unpopularity of Canada thi***,  tie Is due largely to its unsightly ap-'  pearance     and    exceedingly   spiny  leaves, and to its persistent resist-.  ance to  extermination.   Under ordinary   cropping   systems ' and-  y/ith  reasonable   care,   the   thistle   is   at  worst a disagreeable nuisance/ Generally speaking, it  does  not injurs  the.quality or quantity of farm pr<5t  ducts, excepting hay, as much as do  quack-grass,  wild  onion,   wild  mus- -  tard  and   others;   nor  is   it  as   destructive  to  the  grass  in  pastures  aud meadows as are a number of almost insignificant little weeds whose  very existence is often unsuspected.  When  left  to   itself,   however,  the  thistle   spreads   rapidly,   until   in   a  few years it will more or less completely occupy the land, rendering it  unfit   for    farming    purposes,    and  sharply     depreciating    its     market  value.   The soil upo"n which Canada  thistles flourish is apt to be of good  natural fertility, and it usually pays  to reclaim thistle-Infested fields.       '  The cause of the "remarkable vital*  ity of Canada thistle and the point '  that   distinguishes   it    from    other "  prickly   plants   that   are   commonly  mistaken for It is the long, cord-like  perennial root.  This root penetrates  the soil at a depth of eight to fifteen  inches, or more,  and  gives  rise, at -  frequent   intervals   to  leafy, shoots. -  Thus it will often be found, that an' .  entire patch of thistles is attached'  to one root, and is in reality but one'*',  plant.   The root is exceedingly har- -  dy,   and   can   live   over" winter, or  through  a  prolonged  drought  in - a,  dormant   condition.   Pieces- of - 'the1'  root that are broken off by- a plow  or  cultivator and  carried   to .other  places will await a warm,- moist pe-^  riod,   and   then   begin   to   send   up "  leafy shoots, thus establishing a new *  patch forthwith.   If the.leafy stems  are cut down, others will be sent up,  to take their place, and this process **  may be repeated^ from two to eight  times  before  the  root _ becomes , exhausted. In most localities, the Canada thistle does not produce many-  good seeds, as the male andvfemale -  flowers are on separate plants, and -  not all of the female flowers produce  viable seeds. Nevertheless, the seeds  are frequently hidden" away in straw -  and hay, and are sometimes present  in grass and clover seed and in seed -  oats. As each seed is equipped with  a feathery plume, a small patch of  thistle may serve to infest a whole  neighborhood.  ThcT point that must be kept in  mind, therefore, in fighting Canada  thistles is that it is the roots, rather  than the tops, that must be killed.  Simply cutting off the tops a few  times has much the same effect as  pruning an apple tree. But .if the  tops are cut orf deep and frequently,  the root must eventually suffocate  through lack of leaves. Bearing this  in mind, any of the following methods will-be found effective:  1. 'Summerfallow ��������� Most suitable  for" one-half acre or -more or thor- *���������  oughly infested land, from which  little revenue could b'e expected anyway. Plow deep in the fall, exposing  the roots to the frost. Harrow in the  spring to kill seedlings of annual  weeds. Let the thistle grow until the^  first blossoms appear (about June  1) or until there is danger of other  weeds going to seed. Plow shallow  and from then until frost use disk  harrow often enough to prevent thistle leaves form making over four  Inches of growth. If the thistles get  over six inches high at any time*all  the previous -work will,be .undone.  This applies to all methods. Follow  during second year with a -cultivated  crop, giving it a little extra cultivation and hoeing out individual thistles.  2. Partial Fallow���������(1)  For grain  fields or old meadows. Cut the crop  early for hay, if necessary,  to pre-    .  vent   thistles   from   seed rrg-.    Allow  fhisi^es to grow for four to six days,  -then plow and proceed as in 1 for  remainder of season. (2). For cultivated ground. Allow thistles to grow  until first blossoms appear. Plow  shallow. When thistles are. about  three inches high, disk thoroughly  and plant late smother crops, as below.  . 3. Smother Crops ��������� Combination  of above. A good method on rich  ground. Cut grass or grain early for  hay as in 2 (1) above. Plow shallow  four to six days later. Leave for four  to six days more and disk thoroughly. Then sow smother crop of buckwheat (4-5 peck-, rape (broadcast 6-8  pound), millet, (3-4 peck), or fodder  corn in check rows. After the crop  is off, keep thistles down bv disking until frost. Hemp and alfalfa  are excellent smother crops In sections where they are grown. Alfalfa  may be either spring or fall sown,  according to custom, but the surface  of the ground must be clean and  well prepared before planting.  4. Cultivated Crops���������Most generally useful method. Corn in check  rows best crop. Have ground clean  before planting, Equip cultivator  with nine-inch sweeps instead of ordinary shoes. Keep sweeps sharp  and cultivate frequently.. Hoe the  corn after laying by, and cultivate  the ground after harvest with a disk  harrow until frost. Repeat second  year.  5. Hoeing and Cutting���������Best for  small patches. Stake out the patch  and visit regularly with a sharp hoe  or scythe at least twice a week.   g _  Hitting Back  At a certain church in a Jersey  town it is the invariable custom ol  the clergyman to kiss the bride after  the ceremony. A young woman who  was about to be married in the  church did not relish the prospect  and instructed her prospective husband to tell the clergyman that she  did not wish him to kiss her. The  bridegroom obeyed the instructions  given. "Well, Harry," said the  young woman when he appeared,  "did you tell the minister that I did  not wish him to kiss mc?"  "Yes."  "And what did he say?"  "He ; said that, in 'that, case, ha  would charge only half the usual fee."  '  ini  ^������H  ���������$$2*3  sM  i  I  I  fj  ���������HI  .t-i.  HI'  i.ff  ,    'Its-?  ''1  j^^MmMM '.'.-'?'. .-*-���������''  ''rt*T'j Vv'- "  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.  B.  C.  State Socialism  Sweeping  Extension  of  System Predicted For Germany  If straws show which way the wind  blows there is lo be a sweeping extension of Slate Socialism in Germany. That country's foremost writ-  (is on economics anel finance arc  now giving the matter serious alte-n-  lion, anel much is, being done by the  various cities and smaller municipalities lo the same end. For instance, at the inomcni, the government has a sugar and cigarette monopoly under consideration, according  to the-, special Berlin correspondent of  tin- New York Sun, who also says  that both these monopolies were seriously considered even before the  u ar.  A-i regards the municipalities, they  arc under pressure of the British  food blockade, being forced by the  ncccssily of providing the higlicsl  possible' supply of food stuffs for  the urban population, to slart^ fanning on their own account. For instance, such towns as Hanover and  Mainz have bought landed estates  for municipal cultivation, and it is  intended to thus improve the supply  of milk and pork for their own localities. Frankfurt is to erect a municipal slaughter house, while Ulin lias  undertaken chicken farming on a  large scale. Coblcntz has bought  ct'ttlc and pigs in large numbers to  be placed upon municipal property..  The Berlin papers arc inclined to  look upon these economic and socialistic changes with a favorable eye and  as good signs. They contend that  there is altogether too much vacant  land--given over lo luxury, anel once  they can gel this land under e;ultiva-  lioii and put to use/lib and productive occupation so much the better  for the country as a whole. And once  llicy have learned to feed themselves  thci-e will be no further necessity to  look to the outside world for supplies  as was done previous io the present  w-j,,-.���������Toronto  Saturday Night.  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  10 CENTS PER PLUG  Tried to Steal a Secret  German    Officer    Thought    He  Had  Fooled   the  Japs  Shimose, the high explosive wliich  the Russians arc believed to be using  in Austria, is the secret of the Japanese. For years the Germans have  endeavored to obtain the formula.  On one occasion a German commander while on a state visit with his  squadron, was very courtcously  shown a sample. The commander,  ���������oiien he thought he was not observed, grabbed as much as he could  conveniently hide in his hand, and  having no other place to put it without exciting suspicion, rammed it  loose into the tail pocket of. his gorgeous frock coat, afterwards wiping  his hand on the seal of ,his trousers.  , Within a few hours the sample w*as  in the hands of the German minister  accredited to Japan. Later the tails  of his coat turned yellow and rotted,  as elid the scat of his dress trousers,  whilst some weeks later he received  a despatch inquiring in the best official German what the blazes lie  meant by trying to pull the leg of the  Willielmstrasse authorities, as the  sample of Shimose was composed of  harmless material colored by a little  mustard and saturated with concentrated nitric aid! The Japs are a  i-lever race.���������From the News of the  "\Vorld.        . - '.,..   .    ���������   ,... .:  ..-  Hitting Back  At a certain church in a Jersey  town it is the invariable custom of  the clergyman to kiss the bride after  tlie ceremony. A young woman who  was about to be married in the  church did not relish, the * prospect  and instructed her prospective husband  to  tell   the   clergyman  that   she  Development of Submarine  M. P. Prophesies Future Submarine  Like Great' Liner  Sir Joseph Complon Klckc'.l, M. P.,  makes a startling prediction s lo the  future service of the submarine. "Very  soon," he avers, "the Atlantic will be  darkened by huge airships, and its  depths explored by submarines. Submerged traffic of warships or liners  will be conducted with immunity from  weather.  Germany boasts that she is building vessels so capacious that they will  carry mails anel passengers to America. There is really no limit lo their  possible size except the depth of  water iu which they will have to op-  crate.  "The submarine of toelay will be  the exhibit of a future museum like  the old rocket, the pioneer locomotive of the railway world. Compared  with the early twentieth century specimen, the submarine of the future  will resemble an Atlantic l'ner beside  a river steamboat.  "In this development wc shall recover our communications, fo. in lime  of war we shall adopt the alternative  of sub-aqucoi:s navigation. The darkness of the sea depths will provide the  path of safety for the great liners,  and our imports, exports, and passengers will pass freely from continent  lo continent. On cju'ci days we may  navigate the rurfacc, bul plunge below  to escape the buffet of stonr or the  hail of shell. The freedom of (he seas  will be transla'cd from an expression  into a fact.  "Having become amphibious we can  use the waters in the way best suited to the purpose. A battle fleet will  grow     as    sportive    as a  school  Terms of Peace  - i _i i-    .     r    . i   i        ,i .- ������   igrcat  principles���������principles  whales,    l-orty feet b.low the surlacc '  -        - - - -   -  American Paper Comments on Opinion Expressed by Lord Bryce  No Knglishman has a higher place  in the esteem cf the American public  than Lord Bryce, and his statement  of the reasons why the allies cannot  consent to a permanent peace will  have greater weight with many than  any official pronouncement would  have. Speaking at a luncheon in  London in honor of James M. Beck,  he said that he hael received an address, signed by some Americans, a  large proportion of whom had come  from Germany, urging that, since the  war must cnel in a draw, it was best  lo make peace at once and save further bloodshed. The plea is not  novel; it has been put forth, though  not in so many words, by the'German government. As Lord Bryce  pointed out, however, neither the premise nor ihe conclusion is -iclmissiblc.  The war is not in the least likciy to  end in a draw. The allies have made  loo many sacrifices to be contented  with that. Thi.y are bound to fight  on cither to victory or defeat. Lord  Bryce is confident of the former, not  only because of the recent successes  on land, but because Great Britain  holds the sea and her supremacy there  cannot now be shaken. Whether the  German government is losing heart or  not. It has not yet reached the point  of being willing io offer any terms  the allies can accept, and a peace that  would be only a truce is not to be  thought of for a moment.  All this ought to be plain to Americans,   though   ma  have even  yet fa  arc  fighting,"  says  Lord   Bryce,   "for  vital   to  Boy Scout Movement  Valuable Work Done by the Boy  Scouts in Connection With the War  ll has been no small part that the  Boy Scouts have played in this war.  From spying out enemy cruisers lo  digging potatoes, they have a fine record of useful and spirited service.  Their efforts to aid the Empire in this  lime of stress and strain will long be  remembered. Boy Scouts in England  arc loading vans, collecting parcels,  wheeling trolleys, and helping to sort  the enormous mass of correspondence  which Lancashire, Cheshire anel Yorkshire are sending lo the troops. To be  custodians of the soldiers' mails is a  very thrilling and important matter,  and, of course, the Boy Scouts are doing their work well. The cream of the  work, from the Scouts' point of view,  has been the patrolling of parts of the  east coasl. Scouts arc also playing  the role of agriculturist anel munition  worker to perfection and to their own  advantage. They are developing the  power of initiative anel resourcefulness which is so necessary in every  phase of life.  The Boy Scouts of America is a  brother organization of the Boy  Scouts Association which came into  existence in 1913. The aims and purposes of the Boy Scouts of American  organization arc essentially the same  as those of the Boy Scouts Association. As an organization it is not  military in thought form or spirit, although it docs instil in boys the.military virtues such as honor, loyalty,  obedience   anel   patriotism.     The  uni-  nVof usYpparVniYy   ^f"1-   thc   P*.1*"0**   .t,llc   lro������P .-ulc* ,thc  ifed  lo  sec it     "Wc   c'nl- arc no-- *or military tactics; they  arc for" the  unity,  thc     harmony   and  the  rhythm  of spirit  that  boys  learn  Mecca's Stone of Tears  .      .        .        .   -the     future   of   mankind,      principles  peace   begins,  but.  il '    hich   lhc   German   government   out-  tlic pea cot tlie |r.,^.(.r- nnrI w\^r^ ni���������^t at :l-- cosls DC  partial   study   of  an   everlasting  will  be no  longer    the pea c of the,,.      d am, whkh nU]-t at ,lH CQSl  tomb,  but  the  still  vaters and  green :vincHcalcc-.**    Anv  illipart;ai   sUK*-  pastures of Neptune. Attempts ma  be made ro delect the approach of  other submerged vessels, but it is  doubtful whether the vibration of  water will convey sufficient information.  thc  A German Prediction  Written    Three    Days    Before  Grand Offensive  We must be quite just to thc Germans. Anel as prophets no one will  proclaim them exemplary. Their prediction about Calais elid not materialize. Their "lrcakfasting iu Paris had  also to be postponed. Liege was to  have been battered off thc map in an  hour, and Petrograd, if wc mistake  not, was to listen lo the orchestra of  the Krupp guns on the seconel Christmas after thc war. Wc have a notion  that the prediction shared thc fate of  those that the-. Yankee indulged in  about the end of the world. -It didn't  come off.  The finest thing, however, in Germanic prophetic art was issueel just  three days before'the,grand offensive  of .������he Allies on the western front  began. Jit was published by the organ of the Kaiser, The Berlin Lokal  Anzcigcr, which \vc ought to add, is  p. pretty well -conducted organ in  peace times, "The satisfactory result  attained through our offen: ive at Verdun consists in this: General Joffre  cannot now. elisposc of one man nor  a single rifle to undertake a general  offensive, and'.-without the French  neither can the English no." the Rus-  the origin ol" the war makes this clear.  The contest is one between two ideals  of conduct, two kinds of civilization  which cannot possibly exijt side by  side. It is an irrcconcilab'c conflict  if ever there were one. That is why  President Wilson's theory that we  have no concern with its causes, that it  is a madness in which we arc happily  ndt involved, that we should seek for  peace with no regarel to thc issues at  slake, is rather staggering *.r, the plain  wayfaring man. It is not a question  of destroying the German nation.  "What wc do desire," says Lord  Bryce, "is to exorcise an evil spirit  and discredit thc military caste which  elclights in war, anel threatens not  only Europe, bul all countries, America included." The kind of settlement  the pacifists urge would defeat this  object. Jl is no true service lo humanity to leave thc evil conditions  which produced-the..war. untouched.- It  is.difficult to see how there can be  any intelligent disagreement with  Lord Bryce on this ��������� point.���������Philadelphia Ledger. ' \  A New Continent  did  not wish  him  to kiss  her.    The   sians have either courage or-thc dc-  bridegroom     obeyed  the  instructions * sire to take the. offensive  given.       "Well,     Harry,"     said     the  young Woman     when     he appeared,  . "did you tell the  minister that  I did  not wish him to kiss, mc?"  '"Yes."  "And what-'did he say?"  "He      said   that,   in   that   casc,_   he  would charge only half the usual fee."  Germany's Great Idea  Tn a leading'article, "The Vossischc  Zeiiuhg," an influential paper, commends in a lone editorial, thc proposal to instruct the interned prisoners  in Germany in a knowledge of thc  language. "     .  It urges: "Teach these English,  French, and Russians, the language of  their ' captors, and you remove the  main obstacle to thc growth of cordiality and sympathy for Germans an:!  their cause." A Britisher at the camp  outside -Lcipsic remarked on hearing  of thc proposal���������submitted to the men  at an evening mess���������"if you want to  t-iicouragc sympathy, give us better  t'l-ub."   To Locate a Storm  As soon as you sec a flash of lightning, count the seconds before you  hear the thunder clap and in this manner you can easily determine how far  away the storm is. Since light travels 186,000 miles a seconel, we may  for all practical purposes regard ourselves as seeing the lightning the instant it flashes. But sound travels  1,087 feet a'sccond. Multiply 1,087 by  the number of seconds during the interval between the flash and the thunder anel thc result is the distance between you and the storm. As a rule,  from twelve to fifteen miles is thc  .greatest distance thunder can be  heard.  "The gene: il offensive that was  braggeel about by our enemies has  now no better prospect of materializing than the advent tomorrow of  thc Redeemer!"  And three days later it did materialize.  Visitor���������To what elo you attribute  your remarkable health?  Octogenarian���������Well, I reckon I *rot  a good start on most people by being born before germs were discovered, thereby having less to wony  iibout.  "See the spider spinning its web."  "Yes,   and   sec   thc     summer     girl  banging out her hammock."  Judge���������This man was a stranger lo  you! Then why did you pick a fight  ���������with him? Kelly���������All mc friends is  away on their vacations!  Had Thrilling Experience  Chief Petty Officer on Cruiser India  Returns to Canada  Chief Petty Officer George Fielding of London, Ont., who joined the  British navy on the outbreak of 1:he  war and who has since passed through  many thrilling experiences in northern  waters, has returned to London. Mr.  Fielding was on the staff of the armed  cruiser India, which sank a Him submarine in the North Sea, and which,  at length, met its finish from .i similar adversary. After the sinking oi  the submarine the India wa-: twice  attacked within a few days, but the  torpedoes went astray and the undersea  vessels  were out-manoeuvred.  A German merchant ""-ship that al-  tempted to run thc British blockade  after having been intcrncel in Norway was overtaken and sunk, the  members of its crew being rescued.  The India later was assigned to duty  in northern waters, and, while within  thc Arctic Circle, suddenly -.i.jhtnd a  periscope five hundred yards away.  The gunners rushed to their posts,  but before they opened fire a torpedo  travelling seventy miles an  struck the India astern, on the starboard sielc, and she sank in less than  four minutes, nineteen of her crew  of 304 perishing. One lifeboat was  safely  launched,  but   Fielding,     with  Settlement of the    Interior of    Australia to be Soon Realized  The news that the Australians are  building two 'thousand miles of railroad to open, up the interior of, their  country doesn't even interest the average American. ���������.,:'...  "Well, what of it?" he is apt to say.  Nine in every ten Americans know  almost nothing about -. Australia and  care less. But the Australians hope  to make us take more interest in them  as their export trade develops. It is  for the. development of this trade as  well as for general opening tip of the  country that they are building two  thousand miles of railway through, a  desert. .  Few of us realize what a mighty continent Australia is���������that it is bigger  than the United States; that it is farther from east to west.across thc continent than from New York.to San  Francisco, anel farther from north to  south than from Duluth to New Orleans.  "But," you say, after looking at a  map, "it is only settled around the  coasts; across the whole interior is  printed "Thc Great Victoria Desert."  Yes; and there was a time within  memory of men not yet very old  when across in the interior of America, where Kansas,"Oklahoma, Colorado and Nebraska arc now were printed the words, "The Great American  Desert." Thc building of the    Union  Pacific and other railroads provedthe   _f .,,��������� ,,..,,.���������,. ,.������������������   ,���������.���������      ���������,,   ,      e-  i        ���������         T-i        .. .     1             i .   or  me matter was  elcalt  with  bv Sir  American  Desert to be no desert    *it>w���������i^ri  *wi���������., t>���������   ���������n  ��������� "! i  ���������n   i....  ��������� i..���������i:.._  __      i.-_���������.<-.'i Kobcrl   ���������Jadcn-l'owcll is a recent let  in scouting. It is in lhc wearing of  thc uniform anel doing of things together as Scouts that they absorb thc  force and truth of the Scout Law,  which states: "A Scout is a friend of  all, and a brother lo every other  Scout."  Thc Boy Scouts of America organization has enjoyed rapid growth  since its inception not quite six years  ago. At present it has over 150,000  registered Scouts, in addition to more  than 200,000 who arc practising Scouting but who are not registered. The  organization has over 9,000 Scoutmasters anel Assistant Scoutmasters.  There arc about 360 Commissioners  anel 4,350 members of local councils.  The American public has come to  know something of the value of the  movement. Such demonstrations as  were given during'thc Gettysburg reunion, the Ohio "flood, the Baltimore  centennial and the St. Louis pageant  and scores of similar events where  real service was given by Boy Scouts,  have impressed thinking men and women through the country with thc  fact that Scouting is not merely play,  but a very important programme for  training and', .making-use of the boyhood of the country for its welfare.  Judge Albion C. Blair of Portsmouth,  has said: "The Boy Scouts are the  one asset of the city above allothcrs  that must be encouraged and given a  proper chance to develop. As these  boys progress so will Portsmouth progress, not only today but in years to  come."  Encouraging progress was reported  at the first annual meeting of the Saskatchewan Provincial Boy Scouts  Council, which" \vas held recently in  Rcgina. The report of the secretary,  Mr. Frank C. Irwin, showed that on  May 15, 1916, 1,492 men .and boys  were' actively, engaged in Scouting in  the province anel 1,364 boys were under instruction. More than 125 carefully-selected, clean men of strong  character were given leadership as  Scout Commissioners, Scoutmasters,'  Assistant Scoutmasters and Instructors. This was an increase of 64.13  per cent, over the enrolment of June  30, 19.15, -when there was a total membership of nine hundred and nine. At  present there arc 69 Boy Scout troops  in the province and this figure does  not include two very live packs of  Wolf Cubs, (junior Scouts). All these  arc led by men who arc giving their  service 'without compensation because  of their belief in Scouting as a programme for the development of character and good citizenship in boys.  Officials   high   up   in   thc   ranks   of  Tradition .Says it Was    Once    Pure  White, But is Now Black  From Many Tear:;  Year by year a great pilgrimage  consisling of from 150,000 to 200,000  Moslems, make thc journey to Mecca,  and il is on ihcsc occasions that daring men have risked lhc clangers associated with such an enterprise, and  endeavored lo gain access to the Holy  City. But a wrong genuflexion, a  false word in one of the prayers, a  little inc'uisilivcncss in looking at  some, fascinating rite has been their  undoing.  Thc cry has gone up, "A Christian,"  and the mob has rushed at them and  torn ihcni limb from limb.  Meca is, indeed, the holiest ground  of the Mohammedans, and thc Mosque is the Holy of Holies. Thc building stands on ground which Arab tradition declares to be the centre of the  world, ground wliich the Moslem believes to be a part of heaven on earth,  anel which will return to heaven at the  last day;  Inside this building is the sacred  black stone towards, which all mos-i  lcnis turn in worship. Acording to'  Mohammedan tradition this stone .was  given to Abraham by lhc Angel Gabriel, and was originally pure white,  its present dark color being due lo the  tears shcel for sins by the many pilgrims who visit the, place annually.  In connection with the pilgrimage,  it is worthy of note that last year it  was thc British government who arranged for the safe conduct of the  "holy carpet" from Cairo to Jeddah,  the port of -Mecca, and one of the  places captured by the Arabs.  German Valet Was Spy  Servant Empijyed by a High Government Official Arrested as. a Spy  Thc long-drawn patience of the German Secret Service has just Lee illus-  tratctl by an incident in London. A  German, well connected, came to London twelve years ago and by his industry, urbanity of manner, anel linguistic ability succeeded in obtaining  an entrance into the confidence of a  higJi government official who recommended him as valet to an official  connected with the diplomatic service.  For three yea* s -the German valet fulfilled with painstaking care, his duties.  A few weeks ago, however, a hint was  imparted to the: civil official that the  German was suspected, elespite the  fact that he had been for some years  a naturalized British subject.  One morning while thc valet, answering some questions about the  war, bewailed the losses that the British were sustaining, a detective from  Scotland Yard appeared on thc scene  and arrested hiuT. At once the German broke out into fury of indignation anel cursed in both English and  German the "entire tribe of British  swine." The valet's rooms were ransacked and thc most damaging proof  found of his connection with other  spies in the country. He is now in the  Tower of London.  Working in the Sun  Most of us are'such creatures of  habit that we are likely, in digain.-r,  cultivating, transplanting and thinning, lo begin always at the same end  of thc garden rows and to work ;il-  ways in thc same direction. Try varying the method to suit the season and  the lime of day. If the day is hot  and "you want to avoid thc effect of  the sun as much as possible turn vour  face to it. If the day is cool and the  sun's ' warmth "adds to your comfort,  turn your back to it. In. garelen work  you arc bound to stoop more or less  and v.'ith your "back to the sun, you  p.escnt the, broadest expanse cf your  person to its rays. - On the contrary,  when you face the sun, so stooping,  the rays strike mostly on your head,  which, of course, should be protected  by an ample hat with, pcrhapu, a cabbage leaf in it.  Me'asuring Rainfall on the Farm  An excellent equipment for measuring  the fall  of cither    rain  or snow  consists  of  a  simple  pail   or  bucket.  The location selected for setting out  Thunderstorms and Milk    .-  Lowering  of Atmospheric     Pressr i   f  Believed to be One Cause of ,   "   |  Milk Turning Sour '        S  .   I1*. -������������������-, common  knowledge t'lal milk f  1-.  liable  lo sour    and    curdle    more  '. uckly  during a  storm   than  it  does  ni  norma! wer.thcr.  Various theories have been advauc-  ed to explain this. A Frenchman has  quite recently suggested thai lhc phenomena is related to the fact that because of the lowering of atmospheric  pressure during storms, the barometric reading always being low then, the  gases which .-ire in thc lower portions  of the milk can more easily rise to the  top and dins promote the action of  the lactic acid bacUria.  | Lightning has **o direct effect and  tne only difference between the effect of summer and winter slonns is  that in the sunim .r the higher tenT*--  craturcs inakc the milk more'susceptible Io bacterial action.  This seems io be a rational ixplana-  lion. The souring of milk, being a  -fermentation reaction in which bacteria cause thc milk sugar .to cham e  over into lad's acid, proceeds rapidly  or slowly according to conditions.  Care in keeping 'milk clean and as  free from bacteria as possible and  keeping it cold tends to lengthen the  period that it will stay sweet because  fermentation is retarded.  On thc oth-ir hand, carelessness ?s  regards cl ���������pulincss and permitting  milk to slay warm have the opposite-  effect because these -.onditions favjr  the fermentation process. Similarly  l,hc presc.icc of thesj gases in the  milk rclaids the fcrncntaticn or souring. Reaction products alvays retard  a chemical reaction unless removed  from Hie sphere of activity because'  ihcy usually cnel fo set up some .ort  of equilib.lu  ..  Since thc mscs rise in .-re rapidly  I- the top and thus escap vlien the"  atmospheric /ensure is low - during  storms, this retarding effect which is  normally exerted on. milk fermentation is_ al least partially removed anel  the milk sours more rapidly. This  suggests that if it were, possible" to  keep milk containers air-tight during  storm periods the storm could, have  no  effect. '    .  all,  but  a productive  country.��������� Froifi  thc Kansas Evening Star.  ^Interesting Discovery  Skeletons  of  Indians,     Horned    and  Very Tall, Have Been Found  Prof. A. B. Skinner of the American  Indian  Museum, Prof.- W.  K.  Noore-  hotir head of the Phillips Andovcr Acael-  cmy, and Dr. George Donoluic, Pennsylvania Stale Historian, who have  been conducting a party of scientists'  research along the Valley of the Susquehanna, have uncovered an Indian  others of the crew leaped into thc i niound al Tioga Point, on thc upper  sea. After floating about for three! portion of Queen lister's Flats, on  and a half hours , he was rescued by ; what is known as the Murray Farm, a  a Swedish ship and taken to Narvek,! short distance from Sayre', Pa., which  Norway, where he was interned. 'I he  promises rich additions to Indian lore.  tcr-lo thc Honorary Dominion Secrc  tary, Mr. Gerald H. Brown. Sir Rob  ert's  references  were  in  part  as  fol-  most   twelve-quart   pails   arc   exactly  10 1-2 inches at their upper edge. The  depth of thc rainfall, as shown by thc  water caught, may be founel by wciglr-  lows:    "Tlie increase of numbers and   ','!g thc co,,.l.c"s. of U>e pail.    An or-  the good public service done, anel      e  dmary  smf    V?1*1"-"  ������'"di. reads  m  ��������� -      -     - ' l '*"��������� ounces anel half ounces is suitable for  thc purpose. In hot weather, when  water evaporates quickly, the record  should be made as soon as the rain  has stopped, if possible.  British government secured his re  lease on thc ground that he had gone  in against his will. Those who rowed  in the only lifeboat arc still interned,  however.  W.     N.      U.     1117  Barrister's Wife���������So your client  was acquitted of murder. On what  grounds?  Barrister���������Insanity. We proved  that his father once spent two years  in an asylum.  Barrister's Wife���������But he didn't did  he?  Barrister���������Yas. He was docter  there, but we had not time to bring  that fact out.���������-Tit-Bits.  In thc mound uncovered w*cre found  the bones of sixty-eight men- which  are believed to have been buried seven  hundred years ago. Thc average  height of these men when the skeletons were assembled was sevenfeet,  while many were much taller. Further  evidence of their gigantic size was  found in large cells or axes hewn from  stone buried in the grave. On some  of the skulls two inches above the  perfectly formed forehead were pro-  trudences of bone, evidently horns  t'.at had been there since birth. Members of the expedition say that it is  the first discovery of its kind on record.  evidently improved efficiency of the  movement arc little short of'wonder-  ful,_ considering the difficulties under  which-the movement is working by  thc loss of so many of its best officers. But it shows that the foundations which thy have laid were good  anel strong and' that the movement  has the necessary foothold for carrying itself along in spite of their temporary absence. I feel also that its  success is largely due to thc generous  encouragement accorded to it by His  Royal Highness the Duke of Connaught and wc cannot be too grateful to hint for what he has done to  promote it progress. Its success  strengthens one's confidence that it  is-going to do a very great thing for  thc Empire after the war."  No Ignoble-Patched-Up Peace  All are .-esolvcd to do their liFnost,  but all, too, are rcsolvcel that '*lie  g:*cat l nee ihcy pay in toil, in tieas-  urc, and in blood shall be pud for no  l.nlf-rcsults, for no patched-up, no  ignoble, iio unstable peace. Such a  peace, the whole nation and cue whole  Empire has ever felt, and now feels  with a fresh emotion, would make all  their- deeds and all their sufferings  useless and vain.���������London Times,  A Difficult Piece of Consolidation  One' of the most uncanny tasks of  which a solelicr can be put is consolidating a gain. You may cxpella foe  from i.i barn, but that is not enough.  It has to be kept and placed in defence, writes an officer.  Sergeant R. Jones, of thc 70th Ed.  Co., Ii. E., was sent to elo some work  of this class. A trench had to be put  ii perfect fighting order. Immediately  his commander fell, anel Jones was  left in charge. Taking the iniative he  encountered a'bombing attack. But  he persisted :.i defying the enemy for  over two hours, the fire getting heavier all the lime. Although slightly  wounded, he stuck to the* trench till  tlie job was finished and the good  work has won for him a D. C. M.  The Kaiser will always be accredited as thc author of thc greates.t  slaughter fhat has yet befallen ih'c  human race. It is held "hat Lord  Lister by his discovery of antiseptic  surgery, has been thc greatest saver  of human life.  One Year of Prohibition  Beneficial Conditions Result From the  Prohibition Law in Kansas  An important statement was issued  by thc Honorable C. W. Trickclt, Assistant Attorney-General of fie State  of Kansas, in the year 1907 concern-,  ing thc working of the enforcement  cf the prohibition lawof that state in  Kansas City, Kansas���������with a population of 100,000���������which adjoins the  even larger and ever, more widely  known railroad centre known as Kansas City, Missouri, where liquor is  freely sold.  A year ago there were 256 saloons,  200 gambling houses, and about 60  houses of ill-fame. Now not one of  these evils can be found. In that  lime the population has increased  more rapidly than ever before. The  merchants and storekeepers have had  to hire more help anel the elcposits in  the banks have increased by one million and a half dollars.  The attendance at thc public schools  has been so increaseel that 18 more  teachers have haef to be secured. The  increase is mostly in boys and girls  between the ages of 12 and 16, who.  before the closing of the saloon, hael  'to go out-to work to help maintain  the family because the father spent so-  much of-his money on liquor.        *������������������-.  The charitable institutions- report  that the demands for help have diminished two-thirds. Prior to the closing of saloons, the Juvenile Court had  'each month from 8 to 88 children--before it-who needed help. There luive .  been only two such ���������during .the past-  eight months. During the past twelve  months, two young men have been  sent to the Reformatory as against 15  to 5 for previous years.' Expenses for  prosecuting criminals have gone clown.  $25,000 a year, anel the cost of the.  police force has been reduced as much  more.  A striking paragraph in Mr. Trick-  ctt's statement is this: "A year ago the  city was trying to . devise ways and  means to spare the money to build  additions to our city jails. Today the  doors of the jails swing idly on their  hinges.���������The Christian.  Sledge-Dogs in War  When thc (ji.estion of transporta*  tion through the mountain snow iu  the Vosgcs became pressing the  French c'dnccivcel thc idea of utilizing  dog drawn sleighs for carrying supplies. Several hundred trained dogs  from Alaska, Northwestern Canada  and Labrador were brought over by  a French lieutenant' who had spent*  fourtccn years in Alaska. From the  beginning of thc year to April 21,  with a short interval, the snow in th-x  neighborhood of the Schliicht, Pass  was deep enough for the dogs to be  able to" render' yocman service. They  were able to draw heavy loads over  almost inaccessible country and ' to  supplement to a'valuable extent the  wdiceled transport which otherwise ,  would have been the sole means of re- ���������  victualling the army of the Vosges.  But their utility has not ceased with  the disappearance of the snow.  They arc now being harnessed to  small two foot gauge light railways .  which run everywhere behind the  front, and they are capable of drawing  the heaviest load'up thc steepest gradient. Eleven dogs, with a couple of  men, can carry a ton up some of the  most precipitous slopes in the mountains, and two teams of seven dogs  each can do the work of five horses  in this difficult country with a very  great economy of men.���������New York  Sun.  ���������nan  im THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.  C.  ..-< *"I1^Sr'sSB*C*3  -   ���������  * ."."-kfclag*  . 'i " v.t"'"^;'?"^"?  ��������� ���������* .W.rv^Ai  -i-^'^'.ri-S-i*"  ->'.���������"��������� ".t*'_  bthingr New Under the Sun  li  roplan������s-and Submarines Are Said  to be Centuries Old  'According to researches by a  ench' professor, il would appear  !.il submarines have almost as hoary  !*ast as aeroplanes, which, as is well  own involve ideas which are ceu-  'ie-i old.  t also appears that submarines  re buill as early as lhc beginning  lhc seventeenth century. The origin  the invention is older still. Aristotle  s how Alexander the Great made  of submarines during the siege of  re more than 300 years before  risl.  a Dutchman named Cornelius Van  bbcl  astounded     London   in  1620  i   a  .submarine   that   held     twelve  'stnen and sonic passengers, among  om was King James 1.  -"rcvious   to  this,    in   153-1  a monk  fgi'Slcd    the idea  that    a   -hip    be  lstriiclcd of metal so as to be wat-  light and able  to resist the p..*css-  ��������� of water. |t '    , '  '(���������[in 153/^a ship with twenty cannon,  I'ghly   'sailors,  and  many    bags  of  wucy on board blew up anel sank in  fl: port of Dieppe.  Favorite Hymns  Some Hymns of the Christian -Church,  Both.Old'and Recent Compositions  The majority of sacred songs in  common usage today, arc compositions of modern years. In thc centuries long ago, thc hyinnologist compiled his verses of Prayer and Praise,  a few of-which contributions have  been preserved and arc retained within the hymnals of present times. Thc  earliest effort of the hymn writer is  possibly thai of thc Greek, Synesuis,  an African bishop in the fifth century.  This song, "Lord Jesus, Think On  Mc," has been translated by Rev. A.  \V. - Chalficld, an English clergyman,  anel is considered a masterpiece of  verse in remote era. The greatest  maker of sacred verse was Fanny  Crosby. Upwards of one hundred  selections have emanated from her  pen; of these, "Safe in the Arms of  Jesus," is of world wide knowledge.  To John Mason Ncalc, an Episcopalian vicar, forty-four hymns must be  credited; the major number arc translations from Greek and Latin of very  early, period. One. of thc best known  hymnologists of recent decades,, was  Bickcrsleilh, Bishop of the English  diocese of Exeter.    He has bequeath  d to Christendom, fourteen songs,  f# which, "Till He Come, O Let The  Words," is couched in most sublime  phrasing. Possibly more people have  heard the immortal composition of  Young, "There ij a Happy Land, Far,  Far. away,"- than any other sacred  verse. The evening song, "Glory to  Thee, My God This Night," forever  perpetuates thc name of Bishop Kcir;  Three years later a Frenchman, Jean [another hvmn of thc darkening shael-  rric, called Pradine, built, according lows is Kcble's "Son of, My Soul." A  thc old monk's ideas, a submarine  compilation of Bishop Hebcr, "Holy,  th which he promised to rescue tlie  Kigs of golel and silver from thc  tlvcck,  and  possibly some    pieces  of  'tillcry.    '  Jflicgrcat Pascal, then a little boy,  us an cyc-wilnc.s to lh,c experiments  1 Pradine, which were carried on till  50 with ultimate success.  Bul it is not on. record that any of  esc  submarines   were  lnurtlcrcrs  of  tic children.  To  have  the children    sound    and  althy is the first care of a mother.  icy cannot be healthy-if troubled  ith worms. Use Mother Graves'  /orm "Exterminator.  h) Wc   need   the  plain,  homely   truths  (Jrivcn home to school graduates. Too  jjfteir they leave college, possessed, of  \ self-centred  notion  that- the  world  ,5; under obligation  to them and that  ivicir  education  has  made  them, wise  lough to live without manual labor.  J.JV  man   or  woman  x\ ho   docs   not  at  ^ionic time in early life taste the weariless    of manual    labor    has a po.or  thancc lo win and is lo be pitied.���������H.  ii. Good in American Agriculturist.  Echo of Waterloo  irandson     of     "Marshal     Forward"  Bluecher No Friend of Prussians ,  \-~ Prince     Gcbhardt     Bluecher    von  Wahlstatt,  grandson of  the first and  ": nious  Prince Bluecher of Waterloo  fame,  is  dcael  as  the  result of a  fall  Iffrom his horse near Brcslau.  The grandson of old "Marshal For-  Avard" was no frienel of lhc Prussians.  J For many years prior to the outbreak  jof the war he lived in England, and  fin 1899 the Prussian House of Lords  ^declared he had forfeited his scat in  H'that body.  Prince Bluecher carried.on  a legal  wai fare with   the city of  Berlin  over  taxation and  similar matters,  for thc  H'greater part of his life.   He also planned  to" lease   his  palace  at  Brandenburg as a cafe, and the city was com-  X pcllcd to invoke the courts to prevent  I'what it considered a dcscciation.  (-'    Litigation with his ten children alro  [occupied a gooel deal of the   Piince's  i* time.    His  eldest     son held a     high  ,V salaried position in Loiulon, which he  l' lost at the beginning of thc war.    He  'sued his father for a yearly allowance  ' of 50,000 marks, anel the    Prince wa-*  ordered by the court to pay half that  sum up  lo - last January    anel  15,000  yearly thereafter.  Holy, Holy!-Lord God Almighty," is  known to the furthermost isles of the  sea, and Kcthc's "All People That on  Earth, do Dwell," is a never fading  flower, a remark likewise applicable  to. "Rock of Ages" lfiastcr effort of  Toplady. Cowpcr, the poet, will fore  Big Munition Contracts  Value of Shell Deliveries in Canada  Average    Nearly a Million  Dollars a Day  The announcement that the Imperial Munitions Board has received from  the British government further orders  for $35,000,000 worth of heavy shells  for delivery early in 1917, brings the  total of orders in Canada for shells  anel high explosives up to over half a  billion dollars. The new order includes mainly 6-inch and nini point  2-inch shells.  So far Canada has delivered a little  over $200,000,000 *< orlh of shells. At  the present time deliveries arc averaging nearly $1,000,000 worth per day.  By the end of the year, Chai-nian  Navcllc, of the munitions board, says  thc output will be at least $35,000,000  worth per month. About $300,000,000  worth of orders arc now1 in process of  being filled by some four hundred  Canadian firms. The new fuse-making plant'cslablishcd near Montreal  is now in satisfactory operation and  Canada 'can now produce for Great  Britain* over a score of thousands of  shells every-day, all ready for the artillery at thc front to fire.    *  Thc chief difficulty now is that  there is a general scarcity of labor.  Thousands of men who might have  been available for munitions work  have been recruited and sent to the  front . New workers arc being trained but shell contractors report great  difficulty in procuring them.  As one means of meeting thc situation, thc munitions board :s now urging thc recruiting of women to work  in munitions factories. In Great Britain there arc now tens of thousands  of girls and women employed and  their wonk has been of inestimable  value to the cause of the Allies. They  arc easily tr.' icd lo handle machines  and have proved competent r.nd reliable workers. Chairman Flavellc  ���������.ays there arc thousands of women in  Canada who would be similarly avail  Sunlight a Benefit  Sunlight and Fresh Air   Essential to  Health and" Cleanliness  Sunlight is a great germicide. Cur  pioneer grandmothers did not know  much about germs, but they acted  on modern principles when they  hung their milk pails and, strainers in  thc sun" to sweeten," as they slid.  Sunlight, as well as fresh air, should  be used as a part of thc general processes of house cleaning. Thc thrifty  habit of shutting out the sun in order  lo keep carpets and draperies from  fading indicates a large degree cf ignorance of modern methods of sanitation.  The ailing and sunning of bedding  every week, all the year round, is a  most important part of gooel housekeeping, but one which is much neglected, especially by women who live  Ontario Veterinary College  , Under the contiol of the Department of Asrriculture of Ontario���������*Sstabll3hed 1362 ,  AHiliits' With Tie Urireniiy ef Toros'e.        CoUeee will reopen on Monday the 2nd of October, 1516.  110 University Avenue, Toronto,   Canada.    Calendar    on-   Application  E. A. A. Grange, .V.S., M.S., , Principal  Use of Draof-Harrow  From an Address by'the Hon. R. W.  Motherwell  Thc history of thc harrow is as old  as that of agriculture. Wc are not  told by thc tacrcd writers whether  Adam used one in tho Garden of Eden  or not, but in any case it was invented  about that period.  In   ancient   time;   only,  the   lighter  in  flats, where  science is very  often \so'l]s were cultivated and lhc harrow  sacrificed to esthetics.  Therefore, it becomes imperative  that at house cleaning lime thc under  side of rugs, carpets, maltrcsscs and  cushions should be exposed to thc  sun anel air for as'long a period as  possible.  Sunlight is free to all.  Plants will not thrive without it.  Animals love to bask in il.s  Only man shuns it, and by doing so  he incurs unnecessary danger 'from  tuberculosis and other eliscascs.  ever  be   remembered  by,  "O,   For a  able and who  would be glad to     do  Closer Walk With God," while  Smart's "Harlc! Hark! My Soul," is  perchance of more frequent usage  than many ether compilations.- Thc  immortal songs of Francis Ridley  Haycrgal, arc couched in an  especial  essential war work. An illustrated  book of instructions on the employment and training of women munition  workers, issued by thc ministry of  munitions, has been sent to every  manufacturer  in   Canada  engaged  on  phrasing.    Her best known writing is I munitions-contracts.      There  arc  al  thc consecration hymn, "Take My  Life anel Let it Be." A composition of  bcaulific language is Gould's, "Jesus,  Saviour Pilot Mc,". and White's, "Oft  in Danger, Ofl in. Woe," is a general  favorite. l  In the various' books of songs and  solos,'many' hundreds of choice compilations arc found. It is possible the  "Glory Song" would be very difficult  to excel.  The vocal features of the Christian  Church today, arc not in similitude  with such prevalent in thc years of  our forefathers. Then, congregational  singing was thc practice, a part of thc  service which in thc^e times with :o  many denominations, is a relic only,  and superceded by choir renditions  of anthems and similar music, yet  whether such constitute an improvement or otherwi-.c, introduces us into  a wide area of thou-Jit. There are  likewise hymns rarely or never used  in these years; among*.I such is,  "There is a Fountain Filled With  Blood," and this is perchanrc one of  the grandest compositions in the  hymnals of vcars gone bv, or iIiolc  of 1916.���������T. D. A. Evans.  ready hundreds of girls and women  cmploycel in thc shell factories of  Canada. They arc reported to be giving good satisfaction. More arc needed.  Suffer No Longer  rom  stipation  .You can immediately relieve anel  permanently cure yourself with Dr.  Hamilton's "Pills. One thousand dollars will be paid for' any case that  isn't corrected within three days. Dr.  Hamilton's Pills contain no injurious  drugs; ihcy arc composcel entirely of  soothing, i vegetable extracts that  strengthen thc stomach ahd bowels  at once. It is absolutely impossible  for Dr. Hamilton's Pills to fail curing  biliousness, sour stomach, indigestion,  headache or constipation. Even one  box has brought vigor and renewed  health lo chronic sufferers, s,o you  owe it to yourself to try Dr. Hamilton's Pills al once; 25c. per box at all  dealers.  Holloway's  Corn  Cure  corn   out by thc  roots,  prove it.  takes  Try it  thc  and  The asphyxiating gases used in the  war arc made from sabadilla,' a pro-  duel of lhc barley family exported  only from Venezuela says an American Consular report from that country. Thc substances produced from  the seeds arc cavadinc, or crystallized  veratric, an alkaloid,;r vcratric acid,  and sabadalline, which is an amor-  phus, pleasant smelling alkaloid that  accelerates the beating of thc heart.  Exhibition   of  War  Superstitions  Professor Archenliold, of thc Royal  Astronomical Society, Berlin has organized an interesting exhibition,  which is being patronized by all  classes of society. It is principally  made up of amulets and charms of  all sorts carried by German soldiers  in the superstitious belief that their  possession is proof against harm or  death.  A particularly popular object advertised as possessing occult protective  power is a "Letter from Heaven,"  which is being sold in huge quantities  at 2 l-2d. to 3d. a copy.  It is described as "an unfailing  shield against all hateful persons,  witchcraft, and works of the devil."  Bearing the mvslic initials "S. r.F.K.  H.B.K.N.K." ii declares that "at the  command of thc Angel Michael all  guns must cease firing at him who  carries this letter with him"  No letters from the Kaisc arc on  exhibition.  An Outdoor Fireplace  Cooking out of doors, with the exception of baking, means health, ples-  ure, and comfort for the cook, and  doing the washing there, ..oo, comes  under the same heading. This is, of  course, for the hot summer clays, and  pives the housewife a taste of lhc enjoyments and benefits of camping.  Thc fireplace needed is very simple  of construction. Set up two piles of  bricks about two feet high and three  feet long, leaving one and one-half  feel between or room enough to build  a fire. Then ; rocurc a piece of heavy  tin or sheet iron large enough to extend a little over the bricks, say two  by three and one-half feet, and place  over thc bricks. Over this any food  can be easily cooked. Fuel can be  economized by burning any rubbish  that has accumulated, as nothing in  the way of fuel is harmful, to this  primitive stove. Then set thc table  out under the trees, and thc family  has thc pleasure of camping'without  leaving home.  *?W>U\Wl&mZ^������Z^&m%53B3SE2&mBga  Aquatic Food Plants  The collection of aquatic food  plants secured in a; recent expedition  to China arc of specialintcrcst. These  include water chestnuts, water nuts  and a number of aquatic bulbs, as well  as the water bamboo. Thc Chinese  have mastered through centuries of  experiments the process of using  swamp lands for thc raising of food  crops, and their success As believed  to point to commercial possibilities  for sonic of our swamp regions where  reclamation by drainage is not practicable. The kauba, sometimes called  the wild rice or water bamboo, now  to be made the subject of experiment,  is a vegetable in taste, somewhat between grass r.nd asparagus. The swollen stalks of the plant aro eaten much  like our asparagus. Thc ordinary  bamboo, contrary to lhc prevailing  opinion, is not an aquatic, plant, ami  for successful cultivation calls for  fertile and well drained soil.  I bought a horse with a supposedly  incurable ringbone fo $30.00. Cureel  him with $1.00 worth of MINARD'S  LINIMENT anel sold him for $85.00.  Profit  on   Liniment, $54.  MOISE DEROSCE.  Hotel   Keeper,    St.   Phillippc,   Que  A Call to the Towns  Bacon for Britain  An Enormous Market Exists For the  Canadian      'roduct   in   the  Old Country  As is well known, hogs have reached an tinpreccelently high price���������  $11.65 per cwt., being paid for them  on the Toronto market. The fact  that even with live hogs at this fig1  tire, shipments of bacon arc regularly  going forward to England, will serve  to illustrate very clearly thc demand  for that product on thc. British market. Without doubt, Canada stands  in a better position today to develop  a permanent bacon., trade with Great  Britain than has ever been the case  before. To elo this, however, there  must be volume of supply. There is  very good reason lo believe that, although prices cannot be expected to  remain at thc present level, the demand for bacon in the face of the sup  When Roads Through Country Points  Are Kept in Better Repair Than  in the Towns  It is high time that the rural sections of America called to the towns  to mend their ways anel their streets  This is our conclusion after a summer tour of hundreds of miles through  a prosperous country. Wc found highways in ruial sections well kept and  comfortable, but there was a far different story in the small cities and in  the numerous towns and villages  through which we passed. Thc main  country roads were smooth boulevards compared with thc streets in  thc average town or city. In some  places where thc homes were handsome and thc factories busy the  streets were full of. holes.  It was a striking illustration of the  greatest road failure in America. Small  cities and towns have lagged. A roads  expert, who has recently travelled  over most of thc country, says thc  fault is general. In the pasl five  years the rural situation has vastly  improved, but thc small city and town  showing is satl. When you near a  settlement you begin  to bump.  For this the explanation is that thc  town or city has too much local politics. A banker said lo us: "Wc have  two factions anel each is so busy fighting the other that nothing is done for  the town." It Is a great pity. Thc very  communities that ought to be ahead  on good thoroughfares arc behind.  Perhaps farmers might jog them into right action by taking their patronage to towns and cities that provide good streets to travel over.���������  Country Gentleman.  The Pill That Brings Relief���������When,  after one has partaken of a meal he is  oppressed by feelings of fulness  and pains in thc stomach he suffers  from dyspepji?, which will persist if  it be not dealt with. Parmclcc's Vegetable Pills arc the very best medicine  that can be taken to bring relief.  These pills arc specially compounelcd  to eloal with ely������pepsia, anel their sterling qualities in this respect can be  vouch eel foi by legions of users.  Williclm IT. visited Jerusalem and  crossed the.Jordan in 1S9S, tlie first  European monarch to do so since the  davs  of the crusade.    "And it  trans-  *3F3  gP-'QXU  etter  SOLD BY  ALLGOOD  SHOE DEALERS  Worn by Eyery Member  of the family  W.     N.     U.     1117  Future of Liquid Air  Prof. A. L. Clark of Queen's Uni-  vcrsily, who has returned from Holland, where he went on invitation of  Prof. II. Kambcrkiingh. Onncs, the  famous director of the great physics  laboratory at Lcydcn University, to  investigate   further   into   the   question  of liquefying air, states that he sue- . , ,, . . , _r . , _  ccecled in determining more accur- A bulletin of the Manitoba Dcpart-  atcly the temperature at which airjmc'nt of- Agriculture says that prices  liquefies and freezes. The result 0f (lp>* liirkeys iM*omisc to be high during  the  joint     experiment   of   Professors  ply that can be obtained, will, be such     ir-      ��������� ,        j���������   Tcnis;llcm  hc  cx  as to hold the market m a very Unit j    ,     , ,-      ,       , ,d  condition, both, during anil for a con-   '^ whcn hc\voM bc ablc\0 rcn.  tier Turkey a protection that would  give lo the Holy Land peace from"hcr  racial and Greek enemies."  siderable period following thc war  Great Britain's imports of bacon iu  1915 amounted to ������25,441,460. Of  this monev Canada only obtained  ������3,324,511. The fact thai Canadian  bacon has been selling at from ten  to twelve shillings per hundred weight  above the American product and at  not more than twelve shillings under  the nominal quotation for Danish,  illustrates clearly to what Canada  could increase he-r export trade, had  she a sufficient quantity of hogs to  make this possible. Thc English ma.*-  l-*ct and the Z~ riIisli consumer will buy  Canadian bacon locl-.y, quality being*  equal, in preference to that from any  other country iu thc world, with possible exception of Ireland. Not only  so, but an enormous market exists also for ham. frozen pork anel pork  cuts of various descriptions. This  market is as remunerative ns the bacon trade,..although it is not likely to  prove as constant.  The Bulgarian Government has ordered $2,000,000 worth of 2 rent and  1 cent coins in steel and lead. Moreover, about $3,000,000 arc to bc shortly issued iu small bank notes in the quent loss to thc farmer,  respective value of 20 cents and 10  cents each. These small bank notes  arc being printed in Germany.  often consisted of branches of trees  Which merely scratched the surface of  the ground. At first the work was  done by hand, but in thc time of Job  wc know that animals were used for  the purpose. Hc says: "Will the unicorn harrow the valley after thec?"  Even today in the remote districts  of "Europe thc brush harrow is used.  But thc march of progress docs not  halt for the "remote districts to fall  into line.. Wc find that the old "A" harrow which originally consisted of  thorn bushes with cross bars attached  had developed among the Romans into a system of cross bars in which  were inserted numerous tcLth.  This remained thc standard until  the sixteenth century. Since then the  evolution has been as follows: wooden  frame with wooden teeth, wooden  frame with iron teeth and those made  wholly of iron. Thc second, type is  slill used to a considerable extent.  In dry farming practice, probably  no other implement plays so imporl-  a t a part in moisture conservation  as docs thc drag harrow. If wc did  not have the harrow the much talked  of "soil mulch" would bc very liard  to obtain. There arc other implements on the farm which wc could  use lo produce this mulch, but the  small acreage covered by them in a  elay makes the cost of production so  great that their ,usc is prohibitive.  The' two outstanding features of thc  harrow in producing a mulch are the  rapidity with which thc work can be  accomplished and thc efficiency of ihc  work done.  Not only is the harrow a splendid  implement to use in producing cr restoring a mulch but is beneficial -ilso  as a packer. In a newly ploughed  land especially, the harrow teeth go  well into the ground, breaking up the  lumps right through the furrow slice,  compacting the soil, and thus materially aiding thc capillary action of thc  moisture.  For every pound of dry matter produced in a plant about six hundred  pounds of water arc absorbed. Experiments have proven that a single stick  of the harrow has checked evaporation to the extent of one hundred tons  of water per acre. This is equivalent  to an additional yield of four bushels  of wheat per acre.  As a weed cradicator, thc harrow  is indispensable, but when it is to bc  used for weed destruction thc weeds  should never bc allowed to get beyond their seconel leaves. When the  xveeds arc at this stage, on a warm  dry day, thc harrow will kill millions  of "them. In summer-fallowing from  the lime the. land is shallow ploughed,  double disced-thc previous fall until  freeze-up thc season it is falloweel thc  harrow can bc used at intervals to  good advantage for accomplishing,the  following purposes: Killing weeds;  conserving moisture; making a firm  seed bed; stirring up the surface of  the ground and permitting access of  proper amounts of air, thus giving thc  soil bacteria an opportunity to change  the plant food from an unavailable to  mi available condition.  The mcthoel lo employ in harrowing a young grain crop will depend on  ihe object of the harrowing*. If it is  done to restore a mulch and to stimulate growth the time selected should  bc when the work will injure ^c  young plants as little as possible. This  will be when thc plant is just showing above the ground anel again when  the grain is three or four inches high.  If the harrowing is to destroy young  weeds we must expect some of the  grain lo bc elestroyed also. When  this is to bc done the sowing should  bc thicker than usual to allow for injury. High framed long tootheel ln.r-  rous are best adapted for this purpose. Care should be taken that it  docs not track, for if this occurs the  grain Avill be damaged while little  harm will be done to the weeds.  Damage is often done to growing  crops by'harrowing when (he leaves  arc wet and _ full of water as they  arc more crisp and tender at this  time than on a warm, dry day. This  is especially so in harrowing* a corn  :rop. Also, it- ihc land is wci.tlie i*ai-  roxv teeth will gather soil and rubbish  and pull out considerable grain. If  harrowing is done when the ground is  loo wet, a great deal of thc grain maybe pulled out or covered, with consc-  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing* duty in  the shape of  I  s  Matche  s  '"'K$i  - &%&  i .    ' -ic-.'B  Sixty - five years ago  the first Canadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy * and  'since that time, for.  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  A Roa|  lever  Simulation.  N   A L  f  B O ���������B ���������Y  T  L ���������N ���������O N  S Y E Y  In this.puzzle yon  see four lines of  letters. Fill in the  missing letters so  that each line spells  a well-known town  in the world. ' A  Magnificent    Watch,  Lady's    or     Gent's ,  ISuaraateed five years), will be sent  free  Of j  charge  to  readers  of  this paper   who   solve [  this puzzle and conform to our one condition." I  It .costs   yon   nothing    to  try,     Send  yourj  answer   together   with   stamp, 'that   we mav f  send   you  result.    All   failing to do Ibis   will  be disqualified.   SBtVD NOW I  V.BARGArN"   WATCH   CO.    (400 OeptO,  '���������       89. Cornwallls Kd.������ 'London.  N.  /f     Write for booklet and testimonials.  LOSSES SURELY PREVENTED  by CUTTER'S BLACKLEG PILLS  L o vsr-p r I c e d,  fresh, reliable;  preferred by  ���������w cstera stockmen, because they  protect where other  vaccines fall  10-dose pke. Blackleg Pills, $1.00  50-dose p'*2. Blackleg Pills, S4.G0  Use any injector, but Cutter's simplest and strongest.  The superiority of Cutter products is due to o\ er 15  years of specializes in VACCINES and serums  only.  Insist on Cutter's.  IS unobtainable  order direct.  The Cutter Labor story, Berkelsy, California  v>  took'i Cotton Root Compound  A safe, reliable requtaiina  medicine. Sold in three de-f  g-rees of strength. No. 1.  *1; No. 2, $3; No. 3, $6  per box. Sold by all  drug*sists. or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Fre������  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK MEDICIN.7 CoJ  X0S0HT0. OHT. (Fwaadf ttfi-torJ  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big la.'rndrj  bills.     Wash   it   with   soap   and   water.      At!  stores   or direct.     State style and   size.     For  25c. ive will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY  OF  CANADA, Limited  6S Fraser Avermo, Toronto, Ontario  THE HEW Flt-NCH REMEDY. N������l  N>2 N.S.'  THERAPfiOW SsS-'tfsa  ereats-.iccesj, cuscs chronic weakness, lost vigor  "fc VIM KIDSEY BLALJDI-R. DISEASES. BLOOD rOI^ON.  PILS.S EITHEt NO DRUGGISTS or MAIL Si. POST 4 "cT������  FOlGEmCO 10 BtEKMAN 5T NEW VORKorLYMAN BROS  rotOMO      WRITE KOR FREES BOOK TO DR. LE CLERC  Med Co IlA\ERsrocKUD !I\mpstl4d.London EnO.  ���������CRYNtU.'DR^GEfc.lTAST-U.KSS'FORMO-f    EASY  TO   TAII  THERAPiON ������&.<������������������-���������*  BEE TIMT TRMJE MIRk-D WORD 'TIIERAPiON" IS O*  BRIT.GOVT  SI V.lf All '\LC TO ALL GENUINE PACttlT*.  The Foundation of Military Effort  Thc German people have been  tutored for generations to accept unquestionably the commands of their:  State. Obedience in that sense belongs to their character, and is embedded in their constitution. But to a  free people effectiveness in war depends upon ihc free spirit which engages in it, and the first business of  the civilian statesmen is to provide  national unity as thc foundation of  military effort. Nor, in the present  war, docs his task end there. To national unity must be added Allied  unity, and thc. man who keeps his Own  nation united will contribute powerfully lo thc unity of thc Allies.���������'���������Westminster Gazelle.  "You married a rich wife, didn't  you?" asked Jones ot his friend.  '"'Yes," hc sijrhcu," "but she's not declared any dividend yet."  By harrowing the soil when it is  very wet, its physical condition is  seriously impaired and it is difficult  to restore the land to a friable granular state. This is especially so in clay  soils where lhc soil particles arc of  very minute dimensions.  Minard's Liniment Cures    Distemper.  1  Onncs and Clark arc to bc published  in the proceedings of thc Royal Academy of Amsterdam. Frof. Onncs expressed thc opinion that liquid air has  a great commercial future, and that  within twenty-five years it will bc extensively used in connection with the  mechanical arts. A liquid air machine  will bc installed at Queen's by Prof.  Clark, so that he may continue his  J experiments.  the coming fall, as comparatively  small quantities were carried over in  cold storage in Canada or '.he United  States.  According lo the Animal Welfare  Association of Detroit there arc 60,-  000 horses in that city, hi fourteen  years in spite of the auto-truck and  the 40,000 automobiles in the same  city, thc horses have increased from  less than 13,000 to 60,000.  C-a*;'--;'"-^^  lliliiiiliit  ?iAGl**x������s?  &3 THB^  Jones (to his grocer)���������You seem  angry,  Mr. Brown.  Brown���������I am. Thc inspector of  weights and measures has just been  in.  Jones���������Ha ha! He caught you giving fifteen ounces to thc pound, did  he?  Brown���������Worse than that. Hc said  I'd been giving    seventeen.���������Tit-Bits..  The_ Archaeological Institute of  America now has a branch at Santa  Fee, N. M., and holds yearly sessions  in thc southwest, its chief work  there being over thc other prehistoric  dwellers, on whom a great mass of  highly interesting datr. is being accumulated, says thc Indianapolis  News.  New Canadian Book  arriving     in     London,  Since arriving in London, Dr.  Dotighr.v, Dominion' Archivist, has  published "A Daughter .of ' Nev>.  France," being a story oE Madeleine,  f!c Vcit.hcrcs. The book is beiuili-  I'-.iiiy produced in limited numb: "S;,  dedicated to Princess Patricia, and  thc proceeds go towards the Red  Cross work of thc Madeleine Vcr-  cheres Chapter of thc Daughters of  the Empire.  Mendicant��������� ~r'r, I have paralysis,  six children to support, my , wife is  sick and vc are -bout to bc dispossessed. Stalled Motorist���������Piffle! Did.  you ever try to run" a second-hand  automobile?  When Your Eyes Need Care  Use Murine Eye Medicine. NoSmartinf;���������Feci*  Fine���������Acts Quick!**-. Try It for Red, Weak,  Sore Eyes and Granulated Eyelids. Murine la  compounded by our Oculists���������not a. "Patent  Medicine"���������but uacd In successful Physicians*  Practice for many years. Now dedicated to>  Ihe Public and sold by Di-ngreists at 50c per  Bottle. Murine Eye Salre in Aseptic Tubes,  25oand50e. Write for book of the Eve Free.  Murine Eye Remedy Oompany, Chicago. Ady.  ���������    ��������� i^'S*  -J^fiB  *'i-*ate  , " ���������*!<��������� '������������������m  "-���������"#*���������������  ., ' ., -*-v*-l  ��������� .      --.--'si  ' a ' -~;-JV&M  - -*"���������   -'-^ffiP  ^ '-���������-<J  ^-���������'\;;(3  '   **���������  ..'"'"���������j'Sj  ���������-"''���������V'S������  7 V-.-V-t-C  ��������� vi*' -"SI  >;V������.-J-  '- i-s''-' f  f ,  m  M  OS "1  -HT'  ��������� - "i  '3*^-r     rW.'J    I**. IllimUllMUllUMHHII .!!������-���������'  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  liilHIIfJillllUiiJKffl  1 WAR LOAN 1  ft***  ���������j) Maim m i  DOMINION   OF   CANADA  Issue of $100,000,000 5% Bonds Maturing 1st October,  1931,  PAYABLE  AT  PAR  AT  OTTAWA, HALIFAX,  ST. JOHN, CHARLOTTETOWN, MONTREAL, TORONTO, WINNIPEG,  REGINA, CALGARY, VICTORIA.  INTEREST PAYABLE HALF-YEARLY, 1st APRIL, 1st OCTOBER.  PRINCIPAL AND   INTEREST PAYABLE IN GOLD.  ISSUE   PRICE   97i  ey . Trading 6o, Ltd  fsiism^^^m^^^^^Mwif/ms^m  A FULL HALF-YEAR'S INTEREST WILL BE PAID ON 1st APRIL, 1917.  THE PROCEEDS OF THE LOAN WILL BE USED FOR WAR PURPOSES ONLY.  sg The Minister of Finance offers herewith, on behalf_ of  ss the Government, the above named Bonds for subscription  sss at 97*|, payable as follows:���������  ag 10 per cent on application;  =s 30      "          "   16th October, 1916;  3 30      "         "  loth November, 1916;  == 27f    "         "   15th December, 1916.  ~ The total allotment of bonds of this issue will be limited  EE to one hundred million dollars exclusive of   the   amount  ss= (if any) paid for by the surrender of bonds as the equiva-  ss lent of cash under the terms of the War Loan prospectus  =������ of 22nd November, 1915.  55 * The instalments may be paid in full on the 16th day  jgl of October, 1916, or on any instalment due date thereafter,  " Ee under discount at the rate of four per cent per annum.  55 All payments are to be made to a chartered bank for the  55 credit of the Minister of Finance.    Failure to pay_any  5s instalment when due will render previous payments liable  55 to forfeiture and the allotment to cancellation.  sss Subscriptions, accompanied by a deposit of ten per cent  sss of the amount subscribed,  must  be forwarded  through  55 the medium of a chartered bank.    Any branch in Canada  = of any chartered bank will receive subscriptions and issue  ass provisional receipts.  55 This le-an is authorized under Act of the Parliament of  sss Canada, and both principal and interest will be a charge  gas upon the Consolidated Revenue Fund.  sss Forms of application may be obtained from any branch  ������E5 in Canada of any chartered bank and at the office of any  sss. Assistant Receiver General in Canada.  sss Subscriptions must be for even hundreds of dollars.  Ess In case of partial allotments the surplus deposit will be  sss applied towards payment of the amount due on the October  sss instalment.  jsE Scrip certificates, non-negotiable or payable to bearer in  sss accordance with the choice of the applicant for registered  sss or bearer bonds, will be issued, after allotment, in exchange  sssj for the provisional receipts.  jjss When the scrip certificates have been paid in full and  55 payment  endorsed   thereon  b3*  the   bank   receiving  tho  sss  . money, they may be exchanged for bonds, when prepared.  Es with coupons attached, payable to bearer or registered as  .to principal, or for fully registered bonds, when prepared,  without coupons, in accordance with the application.  Delivery of scrip certificates and of bonds will be rna.de  through the chartered banks.  Thc issue will be exempt from taxes���������including any  income tax���������imposed in pursuance of legislation enacted  by the Parliament of Canada.  The bonds with coupons will be issued in denominations  of $100,' $500, $1,000. Fully registered bonds, withoui  coupons will be issued in denominations of SI,000, $5,001-  or any authorized multiple of $5,000. e  The bonds wikl be paid at maturity at. par at the office  of the Minister of Finance and liocoivcr General at Ottawa  or at the office of the Assistant. Receiver General at Halifax  St. John,'"Charlottctown, Montreal,  Toronto.   Winnipeg.  Regina. Calgary, or Victoria.  The inte'iest on the full}* registered bonds will be paid  by cheque, which will .be remitted by post. Interest on  bonds with coupons will be paid on surrender of coupons.  Both cheques and coupons will be payable free of exch.-incc  at any branch in Canada of any chartered bank  Subject to the payment of twenty-five cents lor each  new bond issued, holders of fully registered bonds without  coupons will have the right to convert into bonds,of the  denomination of SI,000 with coupons, and holders of bonds  with coupons -will have the right to convert into fully  ���������registered bonds of authorized denominations withoui  coupons at anj* time on application to the Minister of  Finance.  The books of the loan will be kept at the Departmenf  of Finance, Ottawa.  "   Application will bc made in due course for the lisling of'  the issue on the Montreal and Toronto Stock Exchanges  Recognized bond and stock brokers will be allowed :i  commission of one-quarter of one per cent on allotment?  made in respect of applications bearing their stamp,  provided, however, that no commission will be allowed  in respect of the amount of any allotment paid for by the  surrender of bonds issued under the War Loan prospectus  of 22nd November, 1915. No commission will be allowed  in respect of applications on forms which have not been  printed by thc King's Printer.  and  raw  Hedley Tradino 60. Ltd;  HEDLEY  GAZETTE  JOB DEPARTMENT  55 Subscription Lists will close on or before 23rd September, 1916. gjjj  5js    Department of Finance, Ottawa, September 12th, 1916. sss  Illllll!l!!i!!!lli;ilii!llll!!!!H  and  Similkaraeen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year.........'...-..'.' .';..''.. ..... .$2.00  "   (United States).......  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. 12 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, '$1-25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch.  12 cents per line for first insertion "and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, ������1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of Improvements ?I0.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Grier, Publisher-.  Hedley, B. C Sept. M, 1010.  ?' He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me. "  It's all over, but Soapy Woods.  Kev. A. H.  Cameron, W. C  Eitmars,  and D. McCallum of  Keremeos were visitors in town  Friday evening.  Thirteen voters from Princeton and Copper mountain went  through here yesterday by  autos to vote in Greenwood and  Phoenix. The sentiment appeared to be strongly anti-  Bowser.  The last Hedley meeting of  the campaign was held in the  opera house Friday evening.  The speakers were L. W. Shatford and A. H. B. MacGowan.  W. A. McLean was chairman.  F. A. Haggen of the Mining  and Engineering Record, Van  couver, also spoke on  conditions.  The polling officials in Hedley  today are: Jas. Glark, returning  officer; G. E. French, poll clerk;  A. gMcGibbon, constable; J. I).  Brass, agent for Shatford; J.  K. "Eraser, agent for Conklin.  The poll was kept open from 8  a. m. till 7 p. m., no order-in-  council having been issued dur-  ing the day changing the statutory hours.  Pte. W. Burrows of the 172nd  is in- town on harvest leave. He  is ^enthusiastic about his regiment, who average 32years, 165  pounds in weight, 5ft. 8Ain. in  height, and captured nearly all  the events in the brigade sports  at Vernon last week. Private  Burrows was awarded first prize  as Jthe most soldierly man in  the brigade. He is a Nova Sco ���������  tian and has three brothers at  the front.  Pte. J. M. Donovan of the  Sixth Field Engineers returned  Tuesday from Valcartier camp,  Quebec, invalided home. When  the history of the war is written it is not improbable that  more Canadian casualties will  be recorded as resulting from  Valcartier camp than the filing  line. Jack Casey, also of Hedley, has been invalided at Valcartier. The trouble appears  to be tubercular, whether due  to camp conditions or not is not  known.  ;.. Fob Sale���������Nearly new, small  piano;, perfect condition and  tone; price, |$150 cash. Apply  Mrs. D. K-���������, Hedley Ggzette.  Hedley's Contingent  Following is the list of the men-who  have gone to the   front  from Hedley.  The  Gazette  publishes'.'.,thenr in the  hope that our- readers will not   fail to  remember these brave fellows who are  fighting  our  battles   for   us.Write  them a letter occasionally  to let. them  know you   are   keeping !'The   Home  Fires     Binning.'   Addresses " gladly  furnished on'request.  Pte. Sid Edwards (Killed in Action)  L. C, Blair Mills (Killed in Action)  Pte. W. Fullmer  "   J. Stapleton  "   .1. Frame  "   Tom Corrigan  "   Ebenzer Vans, (Died in Hospital)  "   Roy Corrigan  "   N. B. Ewart  "   Bobby Robertson  "   Jack Howe  '"   Dan Dcvano  "   Dan Dollviuorc  *'   J. T. N. Hopper  "   Arthur Coles  "   Bert Schubert  Corp.    Frank Dollemore  "   M. J. Meher, (Yoi kie)  L.-Corp. T. C. Knowles  Pte. Rod McDougail  "   R. James  "   M. H. L. Jacoinbs  "   E. J. Rotherham  "   Arthur Freeman  "   C. Christiana  "   J. Corrigan . -   ' " ..  Gunner Chas. Saunders.  Pte. A. P. Martin  Sergeant A. '-"YV. Jack  Pte. T. Calvert        *������������������'..  "   W. Liddicott ���������,-.',  "   George Boxall  "   W. Tucker  "   Fred Beck ,  2nd Lieut. A. E. Denman  Pte. J. McClintock  "   A. B. S. Stanley  "   Homer McLean.  Pioneer Nick Pickard.  Pie J M Donovan.  Pte Wm Burroughs.  Pte J. Ritchie.  WHEN YOU ARE IN  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  TRY US ���������*���������.-' WE  NEED OF-  'Dodgers, Dates  Circulars  Invitations  .Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  GIVE SATISFACTION  PAINTING  PflPER-flMGING  KflLSOMINING  TERMS MODERATE  DALY AVE.   -   -   ilEDLEY, B.C.  "The Big Store"  DR. J.  L. MASTERS  DENTIST.  General  Merchants  Will bc at Home Oflice in Oroville, 1st to  20th of each month.  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Be NicKei- Plate  5arDer_S(iop  SATISFACTORY,7 SANITARY  . TONSORIAL SERVICE  This shop it" equipped iyit|i  Baihs and all- the latest  Electrical   Appliance's,  W.T.BUTLER,  -  Prop, jj  KEREMEOS, B. C.  Potatoes���������See Wo Yuen,'ait-he Shekler ranch, has good  potatoes to sell at $20 a ton, or  $1,50 a sack. Catch um hep quick.  No- stay long. Bym-hy no  catchum.    Savoy?  $10.00 REWARD.  Terr Dollars Reward will- be paid bv'-ii  the undersigned for information thiitt]  will lead so the recovery of the follow-"?  the following animals "which stravedf'  trom the range at Hedlev, B. O "the!  first week in June: ���������*.  One gray mare, 10 year-sold, brand-���������{]  ed OssO on right shoulder and Z/, on $<  lpff; hi}), and sucking colt. f  PneJr.'on gray yearrljngcolt, branded 1  samp as mare ('���������'���������'ritfht shoulder. fl  One bay {j-ypju-o|d feel'ilingV'iirandod ft  curb bridle bit on Jeff-Juri. *3* '���������'���������"-' &  A. YV. Haupek, Hedley, B. (J.  SIMILKAMEEN LAND   DISTRICT.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Take Notice that Richard L. Daws-  ton, the younger, ol* Keremeos, cattle  rancher, intends lo apply for permission to lease the following described  lands: Commencing at a post planted  one mile north of Lire north-east angle  of Lot aOSOsj Lhence north SO chains;  thence west 40 chains; thmnce south  80 chains; thence east 40 chains containing three hundred and twenty  acres. RICHARD L. CAWSTON, Jr.  Dated July 10th 1910  NoUce  Persons trespassing or shoot-  ing on Jots 3407, 3-108, 48s, 370s,  and 707s, Camp Rest Ranch,  will be prosecuted.  Geo. H. Cahiu,.  60   YEARS  EXPERIENCE  F*ut   LJp  A Dollar every now  and then to send some  tobacco or other comforts to the men at the  front.    DOIT NOW!  Trade Mark?:  Designs  Copyrights &o  Anyone sending a (-ketch and deacrlptlon'may  ���������illicitly ascortain our opinion froo whether ar  lnyentlon is p-obnbly ixitentabje. Communicationsstrictly confidential. HANDBOOK on Patonte  sent freo. Oldest ncrenoy for seaurinfrpatents.  Patents taken through Munn & Co. receive  special notice, without charge. In the  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A. Barcelo  of Keremeos, cattle rancher, intends  to apply fm. pe*.mission to lease the  following descrihyd lands:���������Commencing at a post planted at the soi'*|:ij-'-fist  angle-of Lot 14o*9s; thence south 40  cnains; thence east 80 chains; thence  north 40 chains; thence west 80fhiiji^  to the point of commencement, and  containing threi ��������� - -  " 'i-os. HEN  Dated July 5th71010,  three hundred and twenty  "ci-cs. HENRY A, BAROELO/  A handsomely IlltiRtrntcrl n-ootcly,  '   Ion of uny sflient"-  7ear; four months, ?1.  -"illation of uny sfiientlUo Journal.     r. ..  Sold bynll newsdealers.  T.iiwest cir  'i'errr.a, $S b  Branch Offlcr. e% n* 8U Wasblncton D. C.  SIMILKAMEEN  LAND  DISTRICT,    [f  lake Notice that Henry A, Baret-In  of Keremeos, cattle raneber, intends  to apply -for permission to leapt- Ijie  following described. lands; Comment ;  ing at a nost planted at-the nei-th east'  angle of Lot 20a0s, thenee north 80  cliains: thence west 80 chains- thence  south 80 chains thence east 80 chains  to point m ommenceiiient and containing 040 acres  Dated July 10th, J910.  HENRY A. BARCELO.

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