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The Hedley Gazette Sep 28, 1916

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 ___-���������     _��������� __. - >    .       ^> -".���������.__' * - ��������� VL /    o v.**- Vv ' f-. -,  /T    H_-&--   -^a1-  -    ^P$iiil_������k H   >������������_ __P**__3   H    ^_i_<_ik _k        *# SJfeL '.*<___. -Sta-g-r   __*������������������_��������� -^il1   ^__*,v^r,. V-^o       -)       ���������-, >    -A*  r ,**.  Volumr XII.     Number 0".  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, SEP'rEMBER 29,  1010.  $2.00, In Advance  JmS^LmRKE  U/atchmaker  t i  ���������HfESDI___-V, B. C  SCIOGkh and Watches Tor Sale.  [ravel by Auto...  Call up Phone No. 12  good stock of lioiseb and Rigs on  ;iland.    II Ordeis for Teaming  promptly attended to  W UOD    FOR   SALE!    '"  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  PfiLflGk : ,   -  i-eru,. Feed & Sale Stables  _nc 12.  HlcpLEYf U. C.  D.' J.   IN MS  ,Vl OllVlOllH  rHOMPS   Ni l*HONB SBVMOUKoll I  MGK. Wr_>l'KRN CANADA  tmmell Laird & Co. Ltd.  Steel Manufacturers     --  t Sheffield, Eng.  jllcea and Warehouse, 817 bi 15eatty Stieet  Vancouver, B. C.  -     A. F. & A. M. '  RKGULAU monthly nieetmiT' of  HetUoy Lodge No. J3, A-F. & A. M.,  ale held on the second Fiia.iy in  Mnonlh*in t'lateunty hall.Heilley. Visiting  ' ten .no cordially invited to attend.  S. E. HAMILTON  Secretary  .SPRQULE,  W.N  "i,     L. p. L.  Tlie iteifulin    meeting-, of  Hedley Lodge 1711 aio held on  thc_fli!������t> iuul third ^Monday in  _-evcj-y month in the 6i.xng.eHn.il  Ladies meet 2nd and. 4 i\toiidajfi  llf-lng brethcin liio cordially ipvited  B "  v W. LOXSDALK W. M. ' ,  H. li. HANSON. Sec't.^    ^  ���������  [R.  F*.  BRQWN  ~" British Columbia Land Surveyor  P. 0 Di-AWfcU IbO  "Tisl. No. 27  ^PENTICTON,  B. C.  v p. W. GREGORY  OIVIL JONGINKKU and BKITJSII  UOliUMBfA LAND SUI^VEYOIt  Star Balding "   -       Princeton  l\t.l'KR  OLNVTON C   ������������������������   UAHKINR  GlflYTON & fi/VSKINS  Bainstcrs, Solicitors, Etc.  MOSEY TO   LOAN  PENTICTON,        -        B. C.  [iedleu Opera House  jl. I:' JQNES, Manager.  lat-ge,  commodious  hall Tor  itices or otli'or enter.tainmerit.  "  }t  Qrand Union |  Hotel  .15  HEDLEY,  British, Cpjumbja  ,|  ������st  H  ,"������  Si  x  si  st  M  X  _ -_;__=__=_==- ���������     *g  \  A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor, j������  8  Rates���������$1-50 _a bay and Up  Fir*5t-OIass Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  Of Uqflar and Cigars  All kinds of: fresh find  ��������� cured meats always on  )uvnd.    Fresh Fish  on  t^alp ; pyery   Thursday.'  _B_SK3ffiej"  R, j. EDMOND, Prop.  B8EA-T  NORTHERN HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  fi"    Bar and Tabic the Best.   Rntci Moderate  S_ plrst Class Accommodation  &  , JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Mr. D. J. Tunis made a flying  trip to Hedley on Monday.  F. Bassott of Penticton \V!N in  town last week on n"business  trip.  Mr. D. J. Taylor of Cawston  was a Business visitor to Keremeos Monday.  Dr. Lewis of Oroville and  party of friends were visiting  in town Sunday.  Born���������On Thursday, '"Sept.  _VLst, to Mr. and Mrs.'Boothman  of Keremeos, a son.  Mr. McGuflio left for Victoria  last week where he will enlist  for military service,  v'        -"'" *"  Mr. - and Mrs. Love of Olalla,  attended , the stampedejield in  Penticton~last week  Mr." and Mrs. TickelJ of Caws-  tpn uttendestampedeat Penticton Thu rsday- and' Friday:  Mrs. E. M. Crooker and -Miss  Sewell of ShiiilkHmeen wero  visitors in town  Saturday In si",  Mr. Mott of Penticton   was in  town Friday  opening  and was  a guest at the Hotel  Kerenicos.  .Mr,  II. -At  Bart-el lo has   ])tii-  ehased ;t new   J 917 model Ford  ' i  ear from Mr. Green of Pentic  ton,  ..Mr. Greer of Penticton motored over Thursday and took a  party ,-of fiiends to the stampede. -      -  ,  A party from Phoenix motored through town on Monday from up tho line on a hunt-  nig trip.  Mr. Agncw of Seattle and  Mr. M*ijoV- of Oroville were  guests over Sunday of Mr. and  Mrs. Carle, -  - Born���������On Monday morning,  Sept, 25th, to Mr. and ' Mrs.  Thomas Daly, Island Lodge,  a daughter.  Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W. Rogers  of Phoenix wore in toAva on  Monday after a hunting trip up  the line for several weeks.  Mr. Lindsay left for his homo  in Okonogan last Thursday,  Mrs. Lindsay being detained by  the illness of her daughter.  Mr. Pergue of CariLjoo is visiting with Mr. and Mrs. McCallum.  Mr. Pergure was an old friend  of Mr. McCallum in Cariboo.  Mr. Brenton, piano tuner will  be in town this week. Any one  wishing* a piano tuned will find  him a.t the Hotel Keremeos,  Mr. W. IT. Armstrong lei't for  yaiic-ouyer on Wednesday of  last week, motoring to Penticton, whewp he took tho K. V. 11.  Mr, and Mrs. Burns left for  thir hopie in Yancomor after a  delightful visit here the guests  of Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Armstrong.  . Thanksgiving dinner, Town  hall, Monday night, October  9f.li, under the auspices of the  Ladies' Aid. Come one, come  all, to the town hall.  Mr. and Mrs. Hans Richler of  Chopaka. attended tho stampede at Peuticton. Hans was  lucky in capturing a few prices  with his relay tea,m.  Messrs. Conklin, Thompson  and McCauldy of Penticton were  in town' on Friday attending  the counting of the ballots.  Mr. D. McCurdy, returning  officer of the Similkameen riding, was in town Friday and  Saturday attending the counting of the ballots.  Miss M. Armstrong returned  to her home here Tuesday last,  after spending three months  with friends and relatives in  Seattle and Vancouver.  The monthly missionary meeting was held at the home of  Mrs. -.Wright; Cawston. " 'The  meeting-was well attended arid  enjoyed by all, with three new  members joining.  Wednesday last Mr. Corbett,  manager of the Canadian Bank  of Commerce, received a tele-  grarii that his brother had been  wounded in France. No further  particulars havo yet been received,  Mr. and Mrs. Wright are back  again in the valley visiting their  sou, F, M, Wright of CJawston.  It is their intention now, to'settle here, ah'd will'build on their  lot which they bought from the  Similkameen Fruit'Land Co.  Cdyie J. Edmonds of the 172nd  battalion, Vernon, is here the  guest"of Mi. and Mrs. D. McCallum for a^short.time to recuperate after undergoing an operation for appendicitis. .His many  friends were glad to. welcome  him back.  The kiwn party and dance  hold by the Indies' Guild of St.  John's church at the horiie of  Mr. aud Mrs. Frith was well attended and all enjoysd themselves. During the evening  coffee, sandwiches, ice cream  and cake were sold for the  benefit of the lied Cross. Proceeds amounted to $29.  Among the Koromeosites attending the stampede at Penticton on Thursday and Friday  were Mrs. E. M. Daly, Miss F.  Daly, Maurice Daly, Mr. and  Mrs. Carle and family, Mr. and  Mrs. Ccirmichael, Mrs."MiIls and  family, Mr?. W. H. Armstrong,  Mi.ss Woodrow, Mrs. S.luiyW and  daughter, Mr. M. Bornier, Mr.  aqd Mrs. Geo. Tickell and famil v  ^9 -5 -2-3 -3-3-3 -3-"-3-53 3 5-3 -3-jS -3-35-3 --3^,  ?   TEN YEARS AGO ' I  m   w  $   Fimil ilu- H(*rlley  Gaz-tto  FiIl-s   {{J  %' Sept'-miu'i, ]yo������ ;������;  ������$���������.' __   ,\b  f^!rffiff'rii''rf"'fc'Fr'f'f'!-'rf'!-'r!r': It**  The contract has been let for  the new school house to ,J. D.  Brass, who has been notified  that his was the tender that  landed the job.  As we go to press samples of  splendid looking ore have been  shown us by Mr. Bradshaw,who  is -now strictly in it, for it is  claimed he has 200 feet of it.  'Additions are  being   made to  the buildings  at  the Kingston  -Ojpi-ovide for a good sized gang  oLininers who   will- be  i:>ut- to  work as soon as  their quarters  are ready.  I ��������� -*���������  -Itliin    Steve     was   caught  at  Srtuakim's    with    a    bottle   of  booze,   which he  and Squakini  ft'  had sampled rather freely, and  -was'fined $50" and costs for the  little indiscretion.  <The good people of Princeton  will uot thank the Vancouver  World for the sensational yarn  in'which-Mris. Jimmy Anderson  iv-givon the credit of being the  mother of Princeton.  'Ttic rams of* la-rt week have  caused an appreciable increase  in the water of the Similkameen and the logs of the Lad-  ley'Lumber company may re-  cjuive ,some attention to prevent  loss.."  Mrs. G. P. "Jones was down  from the Nickel Plate and  brought her little girl. Avonia,  down to attend school in Hcd-  ioCi^fis the school at the mine  ha-, been closed owing to insufficient attendance.  Harry and Burns Bowcrnian  left on Tuesday for Krugcr  mountain. They intend te take  in the fair at Spokane and will  winter on Krugcr mountain  where they intend to do considerable work  on their claims.  Mrs. E. M. ijalytrnd daughter,.,  Miss Flor.ence, "entertained at  their hgme. The Willows, on  Tuesday after-noon'in honor of  Mrs. Lindsay of . Qkonogan.  Wj.i,sh. -��������� Delicious refreshments  were served on the lawn aud  porch, Among those present  were. Mrs, JUmdsay, Mrs. T.  Daly, Mrs. Carmichael, Mrs.  Brown, Mrs. Gibson, Mrs. Carle,  Mrs. J. J. Armstrong, Mrs. W.  H. Armstrong, Mrs. McCalluin,  Mrs. J. J. Armstrong, Mrs. R'  C. Clarke, Mrs. Morrison, Mk  Shaw, Mis. Woodrow, Misses  Woodrow, Mattie Armstrong  and Peggy Kamsay.  School Athletic Club.  A meeting was called on September 12th of the pupils of  Division L, Hedloy Superior  school for the purpose of organizing <in athletic club. The following officers were elected :  Hon. President���������S.   L. Smith.  lion Vice-President���������Miss Mc-  Kitmon.  President ��������� Miss Margaret  Luke.  Business Manager ��������� Elmer  Burr. V  Sec rotary ^Treasurer.���������-Geoi-ge  Beale.  Executive Committee --Elsie  Smith, Lena- Wirth, Garnet  Luke,- Wesley Lyons, Fred  ILirdnian.  The club will include as  branch societies boy scouts, girl  guides, and a junior, red cr.ps.s  branch.      .  The hmvigurid V"***������f the  Hedley Superior School Athletic c{uh took place on Saturday last. The elub went as far  as the .'dam,; whore a fish din-  was served. The second run  will twice place on Hallowe'en.  A paper chase has been proposed for that date.  Ziuc plants'around Pittsburg  that have been forced to close  on account of the low price of  spelter-, "-hope to resumev in a  month or two \vhen the zinc  market resumes.  ,   For Sale���������-Nearly new, small  piano;   perfect    condition   and  Some change* are being made  in the auxiliary stoum plant at  the Daly Reduction company's  power house. The Mumford  boiler -which was formerly  placed at the south end has  been -moved to tho north end  and placed alongside of the  SO h. p. tubular.  On Saturday last Charlie Allison killed a big bear on the  west side of the river from Ashnola creek, lie first shot him  with a 22, after which his two  slaghounds took tho show into  their ow n hands. The bear put  up a hard fight but the stag-  hounds savvied team play.  W. Lonsdale who has been  employed on 'the Nickel Plate  for >ome time, and who was  acting mine superintendent  during the absence of Mr. Jones  last summer, left on Wednesday  morning for South Africa. Mr.  and Mrs. G. P. Jones entertained  a few friends oil Saturday evening by way of a farewell party.  Mr..Lonsdale has many friends  in Hedloy and the Nickel Plate  who wish him till success.  Miss Eliza -Bromley, who is  probably the most skillful and  fearless cow-girl in the valley,  met with an accident last week  which fortunately did not result  as seriously as it might have  done. In their band 'of horses  was an outlaw colt which none  of the men folks had succeeded  in riding, and by common consent they all declined tackling  any furtlier, but Miss Bromley  determined to try it. After tho  beast failed to dislodge her, it  dropped suddenly- and started  to roll over. In this way it  caught her before she could got  clear of  it.    A   fo\v  rather  so-  }  TOWN AND DISTRICT  )  H.   B. ,Parsons of   Keremeos  was a visitor in'town this week.  Fred A. ITow-o of Princeton  was a visitor in   town   Monday.  Dave Henderson,, returned  Tuesday from a visit to the  coast.  Miss lUdith Bradshaw is visiting in town  the  guest  of  Miss  J OIK'S.  W. A. Moody of Vancouver  was a visitor in town Monday  and Tuesday.  ' Boj-ii���������In Hod ley, Monday the  25th inst., to Mr. and Mrs. Robt.  Clare, a son.  T. II. Rotherham left Monday  afternoon on a business trip'to  tho coast.  Mr. and Mrs. L Ritchie of  Phoenix were visitors in town  last week,  ' Lieut. W. Fernio of the 172nd  and Dr.'E. S. Bates of Vernon  passed through town Saturday.  T. , Terabasket of Keremeos  brought in a band of cattle for  the Hedley Meat Market last  week.  Chas. Winkler, one of the old  time residents of the district, is  in the hospital with a very se-  vcry cold.  Horn���������In Hedley, on Sunday,  the 21th inst., lo Mr.- and Mrs.  Lawrence Morrison of the N.>P.  mine, a daughter.  The third this season of the  20-ton pebble mills, was installed  at the Daly Reduction company's mill this week.  A. Simons of Vancouver, is in  town this week looking .over  mining properties with _a view  to possible promotions.  Jim   Grant   of  Marron Lake  S. L.  Smith   left  Friday last-  for Vavcouver to spend  a  few-  days with his family.      ,  Our. thanks to Mr. T. Brad-  shaw for a basket of peaches,  larger and equal in flavor to  those grown in the Niagara district, Ontario.  Little Jeau Robertson tells  the editor that they have run  out of boys in heaven and at  present can only supply girls.  -People wanting boys should  order ahead.  The matron of the hospita 1  wishes to thank Mr. Parsons of  Keremeos for a gift of plums,  apples and vegetables ; and also  plums   and   crab  apples   fiom  Mr*. II. Tweedle, Keremeos.  i *    ���������    -  Dr. McEwen and family  left-  Saturday "evening for the coas"t.  The doctor is  joining~,the overseas forces  and  will leave in a,  few weeks for the front. -��������� Mrs.j  McEwen  and   family   will 're-~  side  in   Vancouver during his -  absence.    The   doctor had been  was in town last week  making  arrangements  tone-   prico,  -r'lnU   cash.    Apply j verc bruises were sustained, but  Mrs. 1). K , Hedley  Gazette.  no serious injuries, resulted.  for     marketing  the product oi his dairy.  Win. Garrison brought in an  auto load of passengers from  Princeton Monday, and had a  return load the same day.  The secretary of the provincial patriotic fund will address  a public meeting in the opera  house Tuesday evening next.  Peck MacSwain has anchored  at Republic, Wash., and intends  to spend his declining years in  that prosperous mining town.  Presbyterian -service Sunday  next at 7..'>() p. m.; Sunday school  and Bible class the usual hour.  Service at Nickel Plate mine,  Monday at 7.80 p. in  C. E. Prior, assayer for the  Daly Reduction company, left  Saturday evening to take a position with a company operating  about fifty miles from Mexico  city."'  Mrs. P. Swanson, Mrs.. E.  Manahan and Mr. and Mrs. W:  S. G.'ivi'isou of Princeton passed  through town Thursday morning on their way to the Penticton stampede.  President Louis J. Hill of the  Great Northern railway, will  pass through He'dly on special  going south at 9 this morning,  and will be-met by a deputation  from.the board of trade.  The grouse are not at all  plentiful in the Hedley district  this season. V. Zacherson is  the only Hedloyite who has  captured a good bag this season  up to date. Deer are alsci difficult to get.  Friday evening the ladies of  Hedley L. O, L. celebrated the  anniversary of the organization  of the lodge by a dance in tho  opera house, at which there  were a large number of members of the order and their  friends. Rainbow's orchestra  furnished the music. All spent  a pleasant evening.  a resilient of - the Siiuilkauieeh .  for eleven   or twelve years and  and took   an   active part in'the  life   of   the  community.    Like"  many of the pioneer physicians  of  the  interior  50  per cent of.  his fees were in promises to pay ,  and are still good  in  promises.  His   many friends  wish  him. a;  safe return to British Columbia.  The  lecture  Friday night*in -  Star Theatre  by M.Andre netted  tho Ladies' Sewing  Circle   _,'  $11.    There ^ is considerable difference- of  opinion   as   to  the ^  merits of   the   lecture  and the'  the/views shown.    Many pf the  views   shown   appeared   in  the   _  London Illustrated  News some  tv,\'*rdf,;vtw1iiar  product ol_the artists imagm-i-.  tion no fault could be found  with them. The views of tho  up-to-the-minute ''tanks" could  not come under the general  term of imagin'aiy conceptions.  They were simply the armored  autos used in the beginning of  the war. However,:the entertainment was well worth the  price of admission.  <? "i  Prisoners' War Fund.  The     followiiiff     telegraphic  me^s.-ige,   received at    _ro.\ern  inent liouso, Victoria, addressed  to    Mis.   Bainard,  is   self   explanatory.    Mrs.  Barnard   will  place the matter in  the  hands  of the different women's organizations  and  ask   them  to -co-  ope.iato with her  in   making a   >  substantial  gift  from   the women of British Columbia to the  Duchess of Connaught's ''Prisoner'*- "War Fund," in recognition  of hoi royal highness' patriotic  work in   Canada, and   the sympathy siie luu������ always shown for  the various   women's ^organizations, and the  good   work they  are doing:  Ot.la.ava, Sept. .11, 101G.  /I/V.n. Barnard, Govt. Roane, In'c-  loria, B. C.  Three months ago Duchess of  Connaught was informed that  women of-Canada desired to  present her on occasion of her  departure some token of ap  pre'eiation of her deep interest  in all that 'concerns the Avell-  faro of the country. Under  present conditions her royal  highness decided that she could  not accept a personal gift. The  suggestion- Avas made that in  meinorA' of her association with  Conu-da a fund might be raised  for some patriotic, purpose connected with the war. This Avas  also declined on account of the  numerous funds being raised.  The womefi again brought the  matter to the attention of her  i^oyal highness, and she has  graciously consented to allow  us to present the "Prisoners of  War Fund*' with a gift. As the  time for appeal is limited, would  you kindly place it as early as  possible before the women of  your province as worthy of  their sympathy and cooperation. Lauka Borden.   L.  , v      -vr -*'i i-v.    .���������.fi'-.i^j;  ���������, ���������   ������:ft*,,  ,   -- v. v-' THE    gazette;    hedley,    b.  Wmfffi  illf  /  In   cleaning  earthenware  crocks and bowls  saves a lot of  work  Work of Boy Scouts  Good Advice Given by the Late Lord  Kitchener.  ' Once you arc a scoul you s  llways remain a scout." Such advice,  coming' from the lips of one so great  and noble as the late Lord Kitchener,  commands the attention of all. Not  long- before lie went to his watery  gave lie addressed a gathering of Boy  Scouts, when lie made the above statement, and said always being a Scout  meant making- oneself efficient, doing  one's best, helping other people,  and also serving one's :ou.*'.(ry.  " But," he said, " don't merely do this  ���������'.while you are still a boy. Learn it  at that time and inalrc it a habit, so  that when you arc a grown-up man  you still keep on doing it; you remain  still a Scout by doing good turns, by  doing you/ bcsl,  by doing "your duty  Iations to Sir John Jcllicoc after the  recent big sea fight with the German  navy. Immediately after the fight  Sir ^.Robert Badcn-Powcll sent a message to Sir John, congratulating him  -li'vii.i i on *nc splendid victory gained bv the  (lect. I he following reply was received: "Please convey to the Boy  Scouts the sincere thanks of all ranks  of the grand fleet, including brother  Scouts, for their kind telegram."  A Menace to Britain  The Great  Naval Prize  of The  War  is Heligoland  For both  Germany and  Great Britain, the fortified island of Heligoland  is the most important single point of  naval   attack   by  Great   Britain     and  of naval defence by Germany.    Situated well out in the North Sea, nearly  .   _. _     . . _. thirty  miles   from  the mouth  of  the  before all other things, by doing' yolir! Kiel   Canal,   it  is  a   standing  menace  duly even to death."  That the Boy Scouts of the Western l'roviiic_s arc ''good Scouts," who  strive  lo live up  to  the principals of  the movement, is fully attested in the  place they  have  taken, and are continuing lo  take in   the public  service  of our country.      Though not a military organization in any sense of the  term,  it  is significant  that out  of 73  Scouts   who  at   the   outbreak  of  the  war were officers in the Winnipeg district, 55 are now on active service. Besides   these   officers,  89  of  the  other  Scouls have joined  the colors.      On  account   of "age,     the     majority,     of  course," have been forced to remain at  home.    - But  even  these* have striven  to uphold the name of the organization.   . " ���������.  To have received the blessing of  the Tope is Ihc good fortune of the  Boy Scouts of ' Uruguay in South  America.- Judging from a recent ic-  port of the doing of the Scouts in  Uruguay, they merited this honored  -tribute, for Ihcy^jhavc been " going  strong." They have received the highest 'reward that Roman Catholics can  gel���������the blessing of the Pope, together "with his signed photograph'. It  will be pleasing news to all RoTnan  CatholicScouts to know that their efforts to make themselves good, efficients Scouts has the approval of the  Pope himself.  -      *"  Of particular interest at this time,  when boys in every part of the country are seeking to belong to the Boy  Scouts organization, is the test which  ��������� has been set**for the tenderfoot. It  is interesting to note that no boy can  become a full fledged  Scout until he  .has'passed the test. First of all, he  must satisfy the Scoutmaster of the  troop he wishes to belong to that he  knows the Union Jack; the right way  to fly it; and he must know how to  tic several knots. Tic must give his  promise to do his duty to God and the  -King, to help other people at a"I  times, and to obey the Scout Law.  The Boy Scouts of England were by  no means the last to send congratu-  to British fleets and a potent defence  to German squadrons. But jov the existence of this naval outpost the German naval raids on the British coast  would have been more difficult, more  perilous, and less effective; on the  other hand, but for its existence the  celebrated fight forced months ago by  Admiral Bcatty would have been very  much more disastrous than it was to  the German fleet opposed to his own.  It is not calculated to sooth British chagrin on this subject to recall  that a generation ago Heligoland,  which had never been fortified during sevenly years of British ownership and-: occupation, was, after, its  good-natured and easy-going transfer  to Germanv speedily . converted at  great expense into a strong fortress  and. an up-to-date naval station. All  the naval battles, great and small,  fought during this war, go to show  not merely the importance of Heligoland for both attack and defence, but  also the necessity of its destruction as  a naval base.  Whatever else she may be able to  claim in the way of. hayal trophies or  naval achievements, Britain cannot afford to. let Heligoland remain as ��������� a  menace it is to her naval supremacy.  She never fortified it herself, and if  she had suspected the use to which it  has been put, not even the cynically  good-natured Marquis of Salisbury  would have consented to. its conveyance to Germany. Britain has, in  this as in other ways, suffered heavy  penalties for lack of suspiciousness.  For this she may well b&* pardoned  on ethical grounds, but if she allows  Germany to retain the fortified naval  ���������base���������of Heligoland after the war she  will bo runninfr a risk that no nation  with the power to avoid it ought to  run. The dismantling and destruction;'-of the fortress of Heligoland  should be one of ���������the British conditions of peace.���������Toronto Globe.  Min'ard's Linimenl Cures Diphtheria.  Story of Two  Alberta Boys  First    Canadian    Recruits    for    the  Flying    Service    Were    From  Calgary.  The Hon. A. L. Sifton, Premier of  Alberta, who has been visiting England with* his wife and family, is the  authoiity for the statement that two  Alberta boys were the pioneers  from Canada in joining the Imperial  Hying service. They arc the late  Lieut. Jack Turner-Bone and Lieut.  Spencer Kcrby, both of/'Calgary.  "And," . remarked the Premier,  " what a peculiar fascination attaches  to the,breaking- of new ground in any  field." Within a week or two after  these young Albcrtans had come forward, Canadian recruits for the flying service had become quite an old  story. But tlicy.madc quite a name  for themselves, and the story, as told  by Premier Sifton to a representative  of the London Canadian Gazette, is  interesting. The interview took  place in the Alberta Government's  offices; the windows of which overlook  Trafalgar Square���������the very centre of  the universe to Albcrtans ��������� and Mr.  Rcid, the Agent-General, who also  knew the ilighl-lieutcnanls, supplied  details whenever the Premier paused,  and added words of praise for the  courage and enterprise of these  Western boys.  Turner-Bone, the son of a well-  known Calgary engineer, and Spencer  Kcrby, the son of a prominent preacher in the same tqwhj_had: been great  friends as boys. What one did, the  other had  to do.  "They were,like David and Jonathan," interjected Mr. Rcid.  On leaving school, they decided to  go in for engineering. Turner-Bone  went to Montreal and Kcrby to Toronto. They graduated not long before the war, and when the war  started they were both in Calgary following up the practical side of their  scientific studies in a machine shop  there. , The machine shop lost its attractions as soon as Canada admitted  herself to the great effort and the Calgary boys decided at once lo join the  flying service " somewhere," and as  there wasn't one in Canada, they were  advised that if they came over here  (" incidentally paying all their own  expenses," commented Premier Sifton), they could get into thcR.N.A.S.  Representations being made to the  authorities here that they had come  from Canada for this purpose, and  their "papers" were found to justify their claims, they were soon given  a place in the service, Kcrby being  sent to the Dardanelles for patrol  duty, Turner-Bone to Dunkirk.  "Strange to say," remarked the  Premier, "almost the first announcement made by the Admiralty, in connection with the Roll of Honor, was  the death, in action, of young Turner-  Bone, whose body was found floating  in the sea oft" Dunkirk. But he had  done good work and died at his post.  " As for Kcrby, he was so overworked because of the necessities at  ���������Gallipbli, and of an insufficient number of pilots, '.hat his .health broke  down and he has recently," Premier  Sifton stated, " been invalided back \o  Canada with nervous prostration."  But these splendid spirited young  men���������they were only about twenty  when .'they came over���������had blazed the  air trail for Canada, which has been  hewn wide, and their names -will never  be forgotten in the Province of Alberta. Moreover, the one who is  left will soon be "fit" again, it is  hoped, helped by the invigorating air  of sunny Alberta, and wilL never be  content until he can get back at the  F'okkcrs and all their piratical clan.  oaFueIforBatt!ssMps 'RitbYourStiffNeckAwayTd-day  -Good Old "Nerviline" Will Cur(  If there were "no surprises" in the  North Sea Baltic, here were many  eagerly-sought tests. One of the most  important tests provided bj"- the action  was that of the general efficiency of  the oil-fuel fighting ship, and upon  Ihc question of the comparative vulnerability of the type. For the first  time oil-fucj warships were subjected  lo the lesf'of a terrific action at close  range. So far as the oil-fuel warships is concerned, the results of the  action have been given by the Admiralty in a single illuminating sentence  ���������"No British battleship or light cruiser .was lost." The- oil-fuel fighting  ships, turbine-driven, with their propelling machinery and their ' boilers  low-set in the depths of the hulls,  and their oil-tanks tucked away where  they arc afforded absolutely the maximum of protection, have come out of  the North "Sea battle marvellously  well.  Fifteen Minutes After Using  Nerviline You Are Well.  deeply  Empire Debt to Haldane  Lord Frcnch,_in addressing a volunteer recruiting meeting at Cambridge, said that the volunteers had  figured in the field'as "early as 1882 in  the Egyptian campaign, and in much  greater numbers in the South African  war, but it was reserved for Lord Haldane to bring them to the zenith of  their reputation and value. The na-  tion'"wa_-jndc<cp deeply indebted to his  dctcrmincd-c'iicrgy, skill and foresight.  It -was he who saw the real use to  which they might be turned, and the  general result was the great Territorial army, which had done such magnificent deeds across the Channel.  This tribute from the former cori-f-  mander-in-chief of the army in the  western war zone should be particularly gratifying to Lord Haldane just  now, when he is being attacked by political enemies. Haldane, it should be  remembered; conceived the Territorial  army when the volunteer system had  become virtually ��������� exhausted.���������Montreal Gazette.  Cold, excessive strain and exertion-  arc a common cause of^ stiff neck,  soreness or inflammation  Generally the cause is  seated that only a  liniment as powerful and penetrating  as Nerviline will.effect an immediate  removal of pain.  Nerviline is.powerful, yet penetrating, is the most rapid pain-expelling  agent the world knows.  . Millions have proved its reliability,  and millions will share the relief   its  marvellous properties confer upon suf]  fcring people. 's ' '  . Nerviline is sold upon a positivj  guarantee that is more prompt, morj  powerful, penetrating and pain-expef  ling,than any other remedy.        ���������*"���������  If you  have failed  to obtain rcli*  for rheumatism, neuralgia, sciatica  , lumbago, try Nonline.       Good-  f o j  small      pains,    tlj  surest to drive otj  the big* ones.  Nerviline is guaj  antccd. to   quickly  cure  any   pain'  soreness in the joints, and is sold  druggists everywhere.    Large 'size,  cents;  trial  size, 25  cents,  or    dircl  from  The   Catarrhozonc   Co.,   K'mf.  ton, Canada.  Montreal, May 29th, '09.  Alinard's Liniment Co., Limited.  Yarmouth N.S.  Gentlemen.���������I beg to let you know  that  I  have used MINARD'S  LINIMENT for sometime, and  I find it  the best I have  ever used    for    the  joints and muscles.  Yours  very  truly,  THOMAS J., HOGAN.-  Thc  Champion  Clog and    Pedestal  Dancer of Canada.  for Children ?  These beverages contain  drug elements that hinder  development of both' body  and mind, especially in children.  Nowadays, for their children, wise parents choose  This delicious table beverage, made of cereals, has  a wonderfully satisfying flavor and is entirely free from  caffeine, the drug in both  tea and coffee. POSTUM is  a true, pure-food drink that'  has helped thousanns to forget the tea or coffee habit.  "There's a Reason"  Grocers Everywhere  sell POSTUM  ���������. Cnuncliaii Poshmi'CerealCo., r,t,J,,  "Windsor, Out.  Canada After The War  From 1901 to 1911 agricultural production in Canada increased 33.8 per  cent, lumber production 54 per cent  mineral production 154, hunting and  trapping production 35, manufactures  142, railway earnings 292.9., and shipping-tralfic-128 per cent. From 1911  to 1914 progress in all these* departments musl have been grcatlv. accelerated. For the past tVo vcars we  Have experienced a rcmaikablc expansion in agricultural and industrial  exports, consequent upon extraordinary crops and the Allied demands for  munitions.  There wlil be a period of readjustment   when   war  orders     cease,     but  here arc  those  who think that    the  Dominion will soon enjov the ������*rcalrs't  prosperity in its historv." In i^c Monetary 1imcs, Mr. Kingman Nott Robins, vice-president of the Farm Mortgage Bankers' Association of America, says that Canada's period of greatest     proportionate   development     in  primary production will  succeed    the  war, as was the experience of the United  States after the Civil -War     Un-  ,dcr preferred trade relations with the  other parts  of  the  Empire  and   with  jthe other parts of the    Empire, and  | with the Allies, this countrv will have  J advantages  not   enjoved  bv  the     Rc-  | public after Us long struggle.      Immigration conditions also promise to be  ���������highly favorable in this countrv     The  clement of unccrtaiiitv lies in "the fin-I  ancial  condition, of  Europe after the'  war.���������Toronto  Daily News  The Man With Asthma, almost  longs' for death to end his suffering.  He sees ahead only years of endless  torment with intervals of rest which  arc themselves fraught with never  ceasing fear of renewed attacks. Let  him turn to Dr. J. D. Kcllogg's Asthma Remedy and know what complete  relief it can give. Let him but-.use it  faithfully and he will find his asthma  a thing of the past.  "Discipline," said a Government official at a dinner in Washington,."naval discipline must be maintained at  all costs."  "They tell a story to' illustrate  this.  "A naval officer said to a seaman:  "'What idiot told you lo dump  that pile of dunnage there?''  "'It was the captain, sir,' the sailor  answered.  "Humph,' said the officer, 'let it remain there, then, and take twelve  hours in irons, my man, for calling  the captain an idiot."���������Washington  Star.  Timothy's Effect on Land  Old Notion That It Actually Improved  the Soil  Not Substantiated  It is an old notion that land seeded  to timothy, even though the crop be  removed, is being rested and Improved. This, however, is not true in any  other.sense than that a horse that has  been driven rapioly may be considered as being rested by being' driven  more slowly���������that is to say, timothy  removes the plant food from the-soil  more slowly than does corn ���������or wheat  because a smaller* amount of 'plant  food is required to make the crop.  While the land is in timothy the soil  surface is washed out less rapidly,  because the surface, is bound together throughout the whole year* by  the roots of the timothy plants. The  humus is also burned out less rapidly  since there is no cultivation.  The notion that timothy actually  improves land doubtless grew out -"of'  the fact that when timothy sod was  plowed .under and the land was planted to some such crop as corn a larger  crop was produced than the same  land would have borue had it been  in corn continuously. This is because  the plant has removed plant food from  the soil less rapidly than this food  has become, available In the soil-by.  chemical processes. Investigations  also show that a crop of timothy will  leave in the soil in the form of roots  and stubble over seven pounds of nitrogen to 'the acre against about-two  and five-tenth pounds per acre for  wheat. All this becomes available  for succeeding crops when the meadow is plowed up.  Star Mound  w.    n.    u.    1118  Flapper (romantically)���������Oh," mother, 1 want to rise to higher things-  I want to be above the common raor-  ��������� tals, and to occpy myself.with things  in free spaces of the upper air. Mother���������.Chat suils,-exactly, Isa! You can  climb right up on the step ladder and  put  up  the  clean  curtains.  There are no trade unions In Japan  i seems, b���������t the government has era!  siderably increased the pay of employees engaged making gl,ns The  rate is, however, only one-third of  what is paid by Great Britain The  average hours of labor per day _<���������'__?-  Peculiar  Land  Prominences  Located  In Southern Manitoba  This is . a land prominence of peculiar formative character. A number of such elevations arc found both  northward of Star Mound; as,example  Pilot Butte. To attribute any origin  to Star Mound presents a difficult  problems. An opinion has emanated  from a member of that body famous  in scientific research, the British Association, that the mound with other  landmarks of the prairies is an issue  of volcanic agency following a glacial  period.  The aspect of Star Mo mid is worthy  of more than passing comment. From  its summit a glorious landscape is  observable. Five miles distant lays  Snowflakc, the village of Purvis being  J four miles eastward; Mowbray, at the  boundary line of North Dakota is ten  miles away. The wooded flankmcnts  of Pembina are visible at the north;  Shale Hills betwixt La Riviere and  Wood Bay may be discerned toward  the cast. The elevators of Pilot  Mound, Crystal 'City and several  towns of Southern Manitoba may be  seen. If atmospheric conditions arc  favorable, the outline of Devil's Lake,  North Dakota, can  be  traced.  Star Mound, if chronicles of the aboriginal ��������� populace in Jong years ago  were ascertained, has figured greatly  in an early day in Manitoba... The  mound's summit has witnessed ..many  conclaves of Indian tribes, periods  l^when important issues were under deliberation. These,, with other features of. historical interest the writer  will deal with in a future issue of this  paper. .--���������"..-  In these years from Star Mound's  height, is observable the woiindrous  transformation scene which has taken  place upon the prairies of a once Rupert's Land of trapper and Indian.  And the silent scenes over which buffalo scampered, hunters raised voice  in the chase, are /actors of the wheat,  producing areas of Britain's, Overseas |  Dominions.���������J. D. A. Evans.  Catarrhal   Deafness   Cannot  be Cured  by local applications, ns they cannot rcacli tlie  diseased portion ' of Hie etir. There is only one  way to cine catarrhal deafness, and that is by a  constitutional remedy. Catarrhal Deafness is  caused by an inflamed condition of the mucous  lining-of the Kustacliian Tube. When this tube  is inflamed you have a rumbl'iif* sound or imperfect hearing', and when it is entirely closed, l)enf-  uess is the result. Unless the inflammation can  be reduced and this lube restored to its normal  condition, heariutr will be destroyed forever.  Many cases of deafness are caused, by catarrh,  which is an inflamed condition of the mucous  surfaces. 1 rail's C.-iInrrh Cure acts tlitu the blood  on the mucous surfaces of the system.  We will give One Hundred Dollars for any.case  of Catarrhal Deafness that cannot be cured by  Hall's Catarrh Cure. Circulars free.'���������'All Dniir-  jrisls. 75e.  P.J. CIIUNK.Y & CO.. Toledo, O.  KEEP CHILDREN WELL  DURING HOT WEATHER  Every mother knows how fatal the  hot summer.months are to small children. Cholera infantum, diarrhoea,  d\sentry and stomael troubles ar-j  rife at this^time and often a precious  little life is/Ios; after only a few  hours' illness. The mother who keeps  Baby's Own Tablets in the house feels  safe The occasional use of the Tablets prevents stomach .and bcwcl  troubles, or���������if trouble comes suddenly���������as it generally docs���������the Tablets  will bring the baby safely through.  They are sold by medicine dealers or  by mail at 25 cents a, box from The  Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brock-  ville,  Ont.  "I told you last Sabbath, chini-  rcn," said the Sunday school teacher,  "that you should all try to make  someone-, happy - during the week.  How many of you did?" "I did,"  answered -the-boy promptly. "That's  nice, Johnny. What did you do?"  " I went to sec my aunt, and  always'.'happy when I go  again."  she's  lome  The Dying Chaplain  Rather a touching narrative is told  of the chaplain of. H.M-S. Barham,  who as he lay dying frcm a shattered  spine and leg prayed for victory- for  our fleet in connection with the naval  fight off the coast of Jutland. .Like  Nelson, he lived just long enough to  know that his prayer was answered  and the day was ours.  The. burial service took place on  the quarter-deck at eight, p.i.i. I and  three others had the sa<l job of bearing a messmate to his last resting-  place. The funeral service was read  by the captain as the bodies lay on  the deck covered by the Union Jack.  ^As they were committed to the  deep, the guard of honor fired three  volleys over them. The, "Admiral's  Salute" anil "Last Post" were also  sounded.- That closed the last sad  chapter of the'gratest naval action  ever fought and once again we have  I-roye-i to the world that Britannia  with her men���������born, not made���������still  rules the  waves.  Hard to Tell  "You have made a good many nice  sales this season," said the manager.  "Thanks."  "You must know when to grasp the  psychological moment for dosing a  transaction."  "Oh, I manage all right with the  customers! But what is the psychological moment for. striking the boss for  a raise?"���������Louisville  Courier-Journal.  Minard's Liniment Cures Distemper.  According to Signs  "Little Johnnie is rather cross this  morning," said the doctor, "hu':  then  that is a good sign. It shows that he  is convalescing."   ;  "According to that,", said Johnnie's  mother, "my"husband must be recovering from-a severe illness. There's  just no living with that man."���������Exchange, a  ,/ For years Mother Graves' Worm  Exterminator has. ranked as the most  effective preparation manufactured,  and it always maintains its reputation.  Naval Engineering"  British Superiority Shown in the  Falkland Fight.  At the Falklands fight is it well  known that engineering efficiency contributed in large measure to the  glorious and decisive result. Vice-  Admiral Sturdce says in his despatch  that "Great credit is due to the engineer officers of all ships, several  of which exceeded their normal full  speed"; and again: " Owing to the  excellent and strenuous efforts of the  engine room department, the Kent  was able to get within range ,of the  Nurnbcrg." VVc have heard from Captain Allen, of H-M.S. Kent, how his  engineers and stokers labored like supermen to drive the engines at their  utmost speed, arKPwhat brilliant .result crowned tljeir effort.    Here was  Kitchener's Sound Vision  Kitchener had to make one ot  hardest - choices in history. .  Nine soldiers in .ten would have pis  ed ' for momentary results. , Thf  would have hurled into France ev<_  fully trained man. They would haj  packed off our half-trained territq  ials after a month's hardeninc  camp. " They would have left the fil  ure to take care of itself. Lord Ki  chener, in rejecting .the lure  prompt victory, showed the sound!  estimate of the enemy's, resourcl  and capacity. His decision,, a "simp|  intuitive choice,' was the hardest an  most momentous act of will "whit  any general in Europe has takl  since the'Kaiser declared war. Thel  was bigness and vision, in that maj  and the world must move against il  wish to the slow rhythm, of lif  thought.���������The New Republic.   -  A Bishop recent!}' addressed a'larl  number of Sunday school children ail  wound up by asking, in a very patej  nal way: "And now,*is thero any litt  boy, or any little girl, who ~woi;ld HV  .to ask me a question?' " A thin voij  at the back of t4i.e room call-id oil  "Please, sir, why did the angels..wa'l  .up and down Jacob's'ladder when tlH  had wings?" "Oh, ah, yes���������I see^J  said the Bishop. . "And now, is .then  any little girl who would like to .14  swe:- this questiou.   ' ,..   '  For Sprains and Bruises.���������There .  nothing better for sprains and contil  sions than Dr. Thomas' Ecleclric Oil  It will-i educe the swelling that fo|  lows a sprain, will cool the inflame  flesh and draw the pain as if by mag  ic."    It will   take  the ache  out  of   ',  bruise and prevent thc'flesh fronv-disL  coloring.    It   seems  as-'if  there  waf  magic in it, so'speedily-does thcinf  jury disappear under treatment.  Forest Conservation.",  "And,", continued the lecturer, '  warrant you that there is' not a mai  in this entire audience who has cve|  lifted "his. finger-or in any-.-way > at  tempted lo stop this awful waste o������  our forests and our lumber supply. If  there is I want that man to stanq  uv:"  There was a slight commotion irfl  the rear of the room, and a ncrvouj  little man rose to the occasion���������anc������J|  his feet.      -     - - ,  "And now, my friend, will you cx|  plain in just what way you have con-f  served the forests of"our nations?"  And, with the utmost gravity anc  sincerity, the little man said, "I hav<  used the same toothpick twice."  First Landlady:  I manage to keepj  i_y boarders longer than you do.   Sec  ond Landlady: Oh, I don't know.   You  keep them so thin that they l^olc long-")  er than they really are:"  "Behind the altar" said the cathed������  ral guide to a party of tourists "liesj  Richard II. In the churchyard outside!  lies Mary Queen of Scots. And' who"j  ���������halting above an unmarked flagging'!  in the floor and addressing a tourisln  from London���������"who do you think.: sir,J  is a-lying 'ere on this spot?" "Well,"  answered the Cockney, "I don't knbw|  for sure but I have my suspicions."  "Feel Like a New Person,**  says Mrs. Hamilton.  New Castle, Ind.���������"From the tima,  I was eleven years old until I was seven-  ,' teen I suffered each  month so I had to ba  in bed.   I had head-,  ache, backache and  such pains I would  cramp double every,  month.    I did not  know what it was  to be easy a minute. I  My health was all  run down and tha ';J  doctors did not do  me  any  good,  neighbor told my mother about Lydia  E. Pinkham's Vegetable Compound and *$  I took it, and now I feel like a new  person.   I don't suffer any more and I ,M  am regular every month. "���������Mrs. HAZEI* jj  aII  a comparatively    old    ship,   launched j Hamilton, 822 Southl5th sT  fourteen years before,   and    designed      __ ...   ,       ..    _  -      - _7 :iM  -    - ..,!.. - '.-        When a remedy has lived for forty $  ������n'y, *������r Vspleed ������f 23 knots< actually!  lu.,* ~S M00.-*5    '?,ld '���������maintaining   Jear-, sieauny growing u,  pu���������ularu������.  ..  that pace urn,) she drew within,  gun (and   influence,  and   thousands    upon l\  ,}  iange of a Gci'm-i.i cruiser which on  paper was n:arly two-knots faqc.r  a-id. ought to have outstrin-ved "her  pursu-v with <a.._ Here, 'if anywhere, was a grim struggle between  Bntisr and German skill, thews and  determination, and the British won  hands down. The exploit of the  Kent will always , remain a golden  page in the annals of   naval   cngiu-  years, steadily.growing in. popularity  n  thousands of women declare they ow_������  their -health to it, is it not reasona- j(  ble to believe that it is an article of j  great merit?  If you want special advice writo  to Lydia I..,_?inklia_a.���������Medicine  Co. (confidential), J_ynn, Mass.  Your letter will be opened, read. /  and answered by a woman taodj'  held in strict confidence.   ���������        /'"'  MH^HB/.l*.!*!^4;flfc-.H.-mmf(*'..**���������-*-*.������ ���������<���������**{���������������������������>--'���������- -  ":"-""'" ~~xr. - THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      &  :-*?"^3r/-*^^  OUT FOR  OLDIERS  ALLOWANCES FORYHE MEN AND THEIR FAMILIES  | Government Commission Aims At Benefiting Not Only Disabled  Members of the Canadian Expeditionary Force, but also  Disabled Reservists of the-, British and Allied Armies  ' - We Canadians aic absolutely un-  janii-nous about one thing in this war  ���������that justice and reparation must be  secured for those who have suffered.  The men who have volunteered to  '{fight   for   usr while   we   have   stayed  salely al home,���������these men, coming  ���������jjjback  shattered'   and    torn,  or    with  health in any way impaired by their  scivicc,    must  have  reparation,    and  from  us.  II4. is the first word of justice; and  'here is no Canadian worthy of the  'iamc who will not agree to it with  ill   his  heart.  Our head as well as our heart,  lowcvcr, must be employed to devise  i form of reparation that will, really  cpair���������that will as far as possible  nakc.'iip to these men what they  lave lost."  From  the beginning of the war it  was  recognized,,that  a   man   offering  {lis body to defend our caus'e should  Jpavc compensation for any injury his  ifoody   might   suffer\ in   the     carrying  .Jout of that task.   A scale of pensions  *J>vas   adopted   both   for   disabled   spl-  liers    aud    for    their dependents'in  roportion  to the  degree of  disabil-  iy. .'  A ' revised    scale,  involving a  large increase    of  expenditure,    was  lately agreed to  by 'a  Parliamentary  JCommittcc and is already in force.  A pension alone, "however, .will not  cstorc the injured man to his place  itas  an   active  and   useful   member   of  "llhc^community;  and that has got to  fib   done,   by   some  means   or   other,  both in the community's interest and  11' his-own.  "yA very few of the injured-will  be  found so    totally helpless    that  this  , cstoration   is  impossible.      On   * the  'olhci   hand,   judging  by   our   experi-  iriicc  so   far,   a-large"    majority,     in  spite ot thcirv injuries, will still be fit  for their former work.    But, between  these two classes will be many men  villi     injuries     either     handicapping  them'seriously  in   their   old   occupations or bailing them out altogether.  Such men must not be condemned  to     perpetual    usclessness.   ,     They  would  not  thank us for  that.    They  me not of the backboneltss kind,  or  they would hardly have thrown themselves  into   the  war.    They   did   not  enlist to be coddled or spoon-fed, and  $ they-will not want lo be coddled and  Pspoon-fcd  now.       Having   recovered  their'strength, they will naturally cx-  ''pect 1,6",use it.'  The qucstio*n  simply  is���������-"How? .       -      ~  vTo begin with, their disability can  often  be  lessened   by what  is   called  "functional   re-education."       By   special   exercises,  with   or  without     the  aid of the ingenious apparatus invented for the purpose, the ni'usclcs mu-  ' lilatcd "by  wounds     and    operations,  \ and weakened by compulsory disuse,  can   recover, some   of   their   strength  I and become    once more accustomed  to cxeition.   Then, by "vocational reeducation,"   the men  can  be  enabled  to  return lo their original trade;  or,  when   that  is  impossible   or  uudesir-  ������ able, they can be helped to fit them-  " iclvcs for another occupation. There  is no intention, by  the way,  to provide re-education for men who do not  need it.  The   Parliamentary  Committee  decided that the cost not only oKpen-  f>ions and artificial limbs, but also of  this   vocational     training     should  be  paid  by   the  Dominion   Government.  -The  Military  Hospitals  and    Convalescent Homes    Commission,   with  Sir Janies Loughccd at its head, has  already given a great deal of consideration to the matter, and has'taken  steps   to     organize    the   training" re-  f i  quired in many parts of the country.  J  The complete    establishment    of the  1 -system  may be expected very  soon;  / for    the    Government,    by Order-in-  >  Council, has just adopted a report of  ihc  Military Hospitals    Commission,  of which we are enabled to give this  summary:���������  The report begins by explaining  that the Commission aims at benefiting- not only disabled members of the  Canadian Expeditionary' Force, " but  also disabled reservists of the British  and Allied armies who were bona  fide residents of Canada when the  war broke  out.  The Commission has received the  assurance, it tells us, of the active cooperation of the provinces and. various municipalities in carrying out  such a policv. v Technical Schools,  Agricultural Colleges and other public institutions have agreed to receive  disabled men for training, and many  offers have also been received from  private commercial .establishments to  provide training and subsequent employment when the "men have become  proficient.  .-...: The period of training for a. new  vacation will vary according to the  previous-education and industrial history of each individual. The cost of  tuition will vary in consequence, and  also-owing to the fact that in many  cases the tuition will be free ox] the  '.fees-"nominal. (The training"/r:,:jX be  free to the men in all cases. f\. 'there  is any charge, it will be paid\ j.thc  Dominion Government. ''   "**-  The Commission has already undertaken the' provision of training in  general subjects and elementary vocational work for all men under treatment in the various hospitals and  convalescent homes operated by the  Commission, irrespective of whether  or ...not such men will .later be subjects for vocational training leading  ; to new occupations. In a few cases,  ' airaiiycnit".its' have also been made  for that special training.  Tlic Commission was ...not able,  however, to put into operation a gen-?  cral ^scheme -of vocational training,  untifa scale of maintenance could be  arranged for the men undergoing' the  Straining and for their dependants.  The Commission has therefore prepared a scale under which a small  sum for personal expenses will be  granted to the men undergoing train  ing, while provision on a sliding scale  is made'for-'married -men and their  dependants, and for those 'unmarried  men who may have persons legally  dependent upon them. Flcre is the  scale which the Commission has now  been empowered to establish. It will  be understood throughout that "maximum age" means 16 for a son and  17 for a daughter:���������  1. A single man, with pension, living in, receives free maintenance;  that is,  board,  lodging and  washing.  2. A single man, with pension, living out,-60c a day.  # 3. A married    man,  with " pension,  living in,  free maintenance and $8 a  month,  with  the following additions:  For wife having no children, $35  a  month,   less  her  husband'si pension. ^  'For wife aud one child, if child  is under five, $38; from' five to ten  years, $39.50; from 10 to maximum"  age, $42.50; less, in-every case, the,  amount of husband's pension and  children's * allowances under the  '   pension  regulations^  For ,wifc and two children, from'  $41   to  $47  a -month   (less  pension  and  allowances),  according to   age  of children..  ,      For wife and three children, $44  to   $50      (less   pension   and  allow-  )  ances),  according to  ages.  ��������� 'For  wife  and  four  children,  $47  to  $53     (less   pension    and  allowances), according to ages.  _For wife and five children, $50 to  $55.(less pension "and allowances)  according to ages.  For wife and six children, $53 lo  $55 (less pension and allowances),  according  lo ages.  A wife with seven or more children under the maximum age may  be given the maximum allowance  of $55, less pension and allowances.  All these allowance^ for wife and  children,will be paid direct to the  wife, unless otherwise thought fit  by  the   Commission.  4. A married man, living at home  will receive 60c a day. (This, of  course, is in addition to the allowances for wife and children.)  5. A widowed mother, if dependent entirely upon the unmarried son  who is receiving training, and if the  son made an assignment of his pay  to his mother 'and also arranged for  her to receive separation allowance  while he was on service, may be paid  at the same rate as the wife of a  married man with no children.  The  parents of a  man undergo  Germany at War  Is    Keenly  ing training, if both arc old and past  ���������work, and entirely or partia'lv dependent upon him,, may also be paid  ,<.l <hbt rate.  7. The guardian * of a widowci's  children (under the maximum age)  will be paid monthly���������for one child,  $10; for two, $17.50; for three, $22;  and $3 for each child in excess of  three, wiih a r.aximum of $35.  Payments under these regulations  ���������will be con.inu.d for one month after the completion of vocational  training, whether the man has secured employment or not.  It is clear that this system of allow anccsv will enable many men to  take advantage of the training offered, by providing for their families  while the training is being given.  The President of the Military Hos  pitals  Commission  .asks   : us  that any further information  desired  by  our  readers   will  be gladly given  on application to the Secretary, at 22  Vittoria Street,  Ottawa.  | A Shortage of Food  Felt.  , Life in les grands hotels is, I daresay, practically the same in all the  countries at war. Germany is no  exception, and one travelling in that  country and stopping only at the  best hotels would gain a very limited  and erroneous impression of life as  it really is among the Teutons. It  is line thai bread cards' and t\\o  meatless clays each week, Tuesdays  and Fridays, apply rigidly to hotel  guests, and that dancing is banned  everywhere; but otherwise hotel life  remains practically       unchanged.  Moreover, the large " hostclrics arc  quite crowded, and a stranger dropping in for afternoon tea would  scarcely notice anything out of the  usual, were it not for the numerous  wounded officers and still more numerous Iron Crosses in evidence  everywhere.  For example, I found that butter, lard and fats of all kinds are  scarcely to be hud, at least,' as far  as the common people arc concerned. Salads are plentiful, but "one  must be contented with a vinegar  dressing, as table oils of all kinds  arc absolutely unobtainable. Eggs  are plentiful, and cost from four to  five cents apiece, but must be eaten  boiled or\poachcd, as there arc i.o  fats to fry or scramble them in. (For  the benefit of young housewives, I  will'here 'observe that T tried to  scramble eggs in- a' dry skillet with  indifferent success.) As remarked  above, meats of all kinds, including  sausages, are, almost unobtainable,  but occasionally one ' can -"get th-j  maximum allowance If one is early  enough.- The prices, however���������a  dollar a .pound and more ��������� render  that "small allowance prohibitive for  Tlic poorer' classes. '-*, It is not exaggerating to say that over two-  thirds of the butcher shops in Great-  ler Berlin arc now closed on account of the lack of supplies.  It is an undeniable fact that the  shortage of foodstuffs is beginning  to be felt acutely. The Germans  themselves admit it. *The government is making desperate efforts to  conserve the available' supplies as  long as possible. Cards have now-  been issued covering the consumption of many of-the necessities of  life, and I was told that others are  forthcoming." The people are assured through the press that there is  enough for all until the coming harvests, and that there will be an abundance afterwards. Thats may be true  as far as cereals, fruits and veget"bles  arc concerned, but it can hardly apply  to meats, dairy products and various  imported staples. However, we may  be sure that a highly organized and  far-sccing government will do all in  its power to solve the problem.���������  Riley Scott, in Leslie's.  Fetes in the Family  Agxiculture and  The Movies  Protected by the Navy  Over 21,000 Merchant  Ships Passed  Through Patrol Lines.  In a report to the Admiralty, reviewing the operations of the Dover  patrol since December, 1915, and recommending numerous officers for  meritorious conduct, Vice-Admiral  Sir Reginald Bacon, commander of  the .patrol,��������� says" that in the six  months more than 21,000 'merchant  ships, apart from men of war and  auxiliaries, passed through tl^e patrol  lines. Of these, only 21 were lost or  seriously damaged by enemy vessels.  "But to effect this security to merchant shipping," says the Admiral,  "I regret that over four per cent, of  our patrol vessels have been sunk  and the lives of 77 officers and men  been  lost to the nation."  The Admiral further notes that the  patrol assists in the protection of the  flank of all sea transports ' to and  from the British army in France, and  that'this vast transport has been "so  thoroughly "safeguarded that not a  single life has been lost during the  sea passage.  Mrs. Livingston Wilson, only surviving child of Dr. David Livingstone, the explorer, recently made a  journey to Old ��������� Chilainbo, where her  father's heart was.buried. Old Chit-,  anibo is northeast of Rhodesia, a  cleared space' in the heart of the  bush, and it took over a month to  reach  it from  Capetown.  Making   the   Most   of   Anniversaries  Strengthens Home Ties.  Little family fetes do much to  strengthen family affection. Take  advantage of any occasion that may-  prompt a gathering of the family; let  not one slip away unnoticed. Graduations, marriages, births, "no event  of "special interest should be neglected.  No anniversary is more personal  than a birthday, be it in youth or  old age, Everybody likes to know  that people arc glad he is here. In  the companionship of their friends,  young folks arc forming tics that  the coming years will .strengthen.  And when the young people help to  celebrate the birthday of a parent  or elder person, they learn thought-  fulness and unselfishness, and find  happiness in making otheis happy.  As the years fly by and a life of  . -"'joys and  sorrows  is  left  behind,  the  0 say I aged person looks eagerly forward  to the celebration of each coming  birthday. The fewer occasions like  this one may look forward to, the  more each anniversary means. One  who has lived many years has found  how fleeting is the joy in mere  material things and has lcaincd to  value more and more Jove, affection,  and the good will that comes from  the hcait���������Milwaukee Journal.  MILITAR  It is odd that the first German  fleet was bought for the most part  second-hand from the British navy.  Among the earliest vessels obtained  were /the fifty-six gun frigate Thetis,  Kaiser Must Not  Court Danger  "It   Is   the   Most  Poignant  Grief  of j  My Life,"..'He  Says.  Emperor William during his recent  trip to a point somewhere in the rcar  of Peronne, on the Sommc front,  made a speech to the German wounded soldiers which is .attracting great  attention in Germany. The German  Emperor is quoted as saying:  "It is the most poignant grief of  my life that 1 am unable to take a  more active part in this war. It is  my earnest desire to take my place  in the trenches and to deal such  blows at the enemy aS my age and  strength would permit.  "I could take my place- with the  youngest of you, and_i promise that  I would leave my mark on the enemy.  But the inscrutable Almighty has  willed otherwise. Into my care has  been committed by Divine destiny,  the leadership-'of our country,- its  armies and its forces on.Jand and  sea.  "The burden of thinking, deciding  and leading has been hard upon, me,  and realising this, I know that my  life must not be risked in the.forc-  most line of battle, where my feeling,  if unrestrained, would carry me swift-  "My life must be conserved carefully for the Welfare of Germany in  order to carry out the duties assigned  to  mc by Divine appointment."  Educational Film  Showing' the  Process   of Farming By, Means  of  Irrigation.  At fust glance the motion "picture  business may not seem to haVe very  much connection with agriculture,  except in so far as it tempts the farmer's sons and daughtcis into town  an extra evening ea'ch week, or sets  up in the mind of some boy well fitted to become a successful farmer an  ainbilioivto emulate Mr. C. Chaplin.  Bui the motion picture business is  now related very closely to all our  arts and industries. It "has become  a gical public educator as well as a  public entertainer, ' and the education is the more subtle, and pcihaps'  more effective, because the "student"  does not know he is being operated  upon. He thinks he is being entertained���������that is what he paid h:s  money for���������whereas he is being deliberately and with purpose aforethought made familiar with facts, industries or places of which he would  otherwise have little or no knowledge. - ' -  The demand for the educational  type of,film js one of the bright features in motion picture development.  Audiences may go '.wild over hilarious comedy, weep with injured heio-  incs, or be stirred lo fighting pitch by  great "dramatic spectacles, ��������� but the  normal appetite, soon tires of these  excesses. 'They arc all right as an  appetiser, but the picture, house  which wants the best class of trade  must give some solid food in the  form of travel pictures of foreign  countries, pictures of manufacturing  processes, animal life, or cuiious developments of the arts and sciences.  A United Slates producer is now-  engaged in getting up an educational  film showing the piocess of fanning  by means of iirigation. The general  public have certain ideas, more or  less correct, of how ordinary farming is conducted, but even farmers  themselves in humid districts, have  very vague notions of the practice  of irrigation. They have a general  idea that irrigation can be applied to  small orchard lots, but they cannot  see how Tt������-is possible over large  farms of wheat, coarse grains and . --  falfa. At the same lime, the interest in agiiculture, and the desire of  city people to get "back to the land,"  were never more pronounced, and  this astute producer has recognised  the fact that a film showing the actual processes of irrigation and the  great settlement possibilities which  arise from it will be an educational  feature of the first interest.  ��������� The place chosen to woik out the  details of the film" was the 3,000,000-  acrc Iirigation Block of the Canadian Pacific Railway in-Southern Alberta, and a camera expert has been  through that territory* recently getting the scenes from actual life. The  film will show the source of the  water, fn the great glacier fields in  the Canadian "Rockies above Lake  Louise. The fact that the water  cames from glaciers is of great importance, as it makes the water supply independent of rainfall, and there  js no danger of a shortage of water  in a particularly dry season. On the  contrary, the hotter the season the  greater will be the flow of water, and  this is the experience in Alberta,  where flood time in the rivers is not  in the spring, but in June and July,  when tfie snow fn the higher mountains is rapidly melting under the hot  sun.  From its source in the glaciers the  water will be followed down the  beautiful valleyof the Bow River,  through the thriving city of Calgary,  and thence by means of the necessary engineering features, right on to  the farmci's land. The piincipal engineering features lo be shown will  be the hcadgalcs at Calgary, where  water is diverted from' the western  section of the irrigation block. The  immense dam at Bassano, which  raises" the water to an available  height for irrigation in the western  section; /the reinforced concrete  aqueduct across ,i two-mile depression at Brooks, and'the enormous  artificial reservoir .which has been  christened Lake Newell. Glimpses  will be shown of.main and secondary  canals, until1 the water is seen in  ditches on the farmer's fields, and the  farmer, busy with shovel and canvas  dam, is shown diverting the life-giving flood over his fields of alfalfa and  grain. ��������� In the autumn the film will  be completed by scenes showing harvest operations, grain in the bin, alfalfa in Ihc stack, sleek dairy cows in  pastures kept ever green-by irrigation, and prosperous farm houses  where the monotony of the prairies  lias been broken by wind breaks and  hedges of trees which 'grow, up in a  few years as a result of the plentiful  supply  of water.  So the movies will become a powerful instrument to turn attention to  the open spaces, where by means -f  irrigation the uncertainty has been  largely removed from farm operations, and where happy and prosperous communities arc quickly arising  amid conditions as nearly ideal as  may be hoped for 'in'this world cf  imperfections.  HUN FIGHTING FORCE BEING RAPIDLY DEPLETED,  Estimated That Yearly Loss of Germany Since the Commence-  ,-ment of the War Has Been Four Times as Much as the   ' '  Annual Additions to the Army  Germany at last has reached the  turning point where her fighting  force is being depleted much more  rapidly than it can be supplied with  new men, and military observers believe her entire rescr\ cs, which cannot possibly exceed 700,000, will be  completely exhausted within a very  few mon I lis. Reduced lo figuics, Germany is losing 100,000 men a month  in killed, incapacitated by wounds  from further set vice and prisoners, or  1,200,000 a year. Some authorities  place the number at double these  figures. She is gaining from new recruits fewer than 400,000 a year. This  leaves a net loss to her army of 800,-  000 men a year, a loss which cannot  be replaced. '  Already Germany has called to the  colors   the   class   of   1917   to   furnish, _  stock for slaughter ��������� "kanonen-   spend    Your    Money    So    As,  To  fleisch" (meat for cannon), Bismarck      Make  Your  Home  Town  Grow*  used'to call them.  Germany's population in 1910 was  64,925,993; in 1900 it was 56,367,178,  showing, an increase of 8,558,815 in  the ten years. This does not include  a population of about 15,000,000 in  the German colonies in Africa and  Asia, which weflj immediately cutoff  on the beginning of the war from  being of any~use' to the mother country from the viewpoint of military  strength. The colonies of England,  France and Belgium, it may be mentioned, have, on the other hand, been  a souice-of constantly increasing additions to the military power of those  countnes. Germany's average increase in population (for the ten  years mentioned was a'bout 860,000.  There is a slight excess of male  births ��������� 1,060 boys to every 1,000  girls. This would give an average  increase of 443,000 males to 417,000  females. An estimated yearly addition of 400,000 men to the army outj  of 443,000 born is 'certainlj-- a very  liberal allowance.  _ Regarding losses the German official lists of casualties since the war  began up to June 1 give 734,412 dead,  1,851,652 wounded and 338,522 prisoners and missing, a total of 2,924,-  586 for the 22 months���������about 133,000  a month or 1,600,000 a year. -*-  This yearly gross loss is four  times as much a.s -the annual addition to the army by the most liberal  estimate. Assuming that forty per  cent, 'of the wounded return to the  ranks, this would reduce the net loss  to 1,200,000 a year, against an annual"]  recruitment of 400,000. Even if all  the wounded should return, the dead,  missing and prisoners (600,000) out-  numbei the new recruits half as much  With  a  net loss  of 800,000  men a-  Vnnn���������nCrmany's Prcsc"*' anny of  4,000,000 men would be exhausted in  nvc years if no other factor should  intervene. But while Germany's man  power is declining, that of the Allies  is growing. True, the French army  is losing though not so rapidly as  that of Germany, but the British  lorccs arc being constantly recruited  from a! quarters of the globe, and  Russia has practically "an inexhaustible supply. At the worst the Allies  can maintain ihcir present strength  while that of Germany is bound to  decline at an increasingly arithmetical  ratio. ,  ���������'ii?A^L  W  Sit  ,%The Larger Community'  SIpL  VSSS.  mm  :Mc''H*tiillr  The typical" ��������� characteristic of a  progressive town is a keen -.sense -of  the gains that may come from-the' v/ *-;*���������/"-/'  growth of a town as a whole., ��������� The-;-/;1-���������*������&&  people clearly see* that* if they .can-V, .*'&&&  make  their  town  and     its'   business':*-"���������* '-* '&������&  *    r*   ������,*X*>  the. Rover,  the  Mosquito,  the   Niobcf-^    ,     ,,. _ , ,     _  and the Renown. " The last two nam- .-Opn-t   Want   Telegraph    Operators.  Officers  commanding units and. all  cd arc still in use, the Niobe as a  training ship for cadets and the Renown as a gunnery ship at. Wilhelms-  IiavehV'" Until . comparatively recent] wireless or  years it was customary for' Prussian /without the  officers to receive their training in  the .British' navy. Even the Kaiser  gained his first experience in seamanship on a vessel presented by the  British sailor King William IV.  recruiting officers have been instruc  ted not to enlist cable operators,  telegraph operators  consent of the militia*  headquarters. This matter, the  notification says, is of the greatest  importance owing to Ihc increasing  scarcity in Canada of experienced  men for this work.  Austrians True Teutons.  General Weber, commander of the  Austrian troops at Cctinjc, Montenegro, alleges that General Ratomir  Vcchovitch, former Minister of War  of Montenegro, fomented an insurrection and attacked Imperial soldiers, killing an Austrian officer sent  to shadow the said Minister.  For this act of war General Webor  "summons General Vcchovitch to  surrender himself as a prisoner with  in five days. Otherwise his father  and brother'; already arrested, will be  hanged." A warrant of arrest has  been issued against General Vcchovitch and his two brothers, and u reward of 50,000 crowns is offered for  their capture."  It is believed that they/arc. lii-lin.T  in the Albania 'Mountains;  _ As this is-, the'first "order" a! the  kind that has been promulgated since  the war began neutral powers Ivivo  been appealed to to point out to Austria the brutality of its Uircat.  ���������-*  r  again.  It also should be remembered"' that  these figures of 1,200,000 loss against  400,000 gain arc the most extreme  figures in favor of Germany. Even  the Geiman staff, in a statement issued last month, asserted that it was  assured of only "30,000 recruits a  month! as, long as the war lasted;"  which makes 360,000 a year, or 40,000  fewer than the number above allotted.  Concerning the strength of the  German army the Paris Libcrte estimates the total at 4,247,000, of which  there are 180 divisions of 20,000 men  each on both fronts and 647,000 left  as reserves. Swiss reports say that  tlic German reserves have diminished  tins year by 50,000 and the -200,000  recruits have been added, making a  net decrease of 300,000 men. All the  German reserves, according to the  Agcn_ia Libera," cannot exceed 700,-  000 men, whereas there were more  than a million . at the end of 1915.  Contrary to her hopes aroused by  the Balkan drive, GermaiW can expect no help from Bulgaria or Turkey. On the contrary, she has been  obliged to keep men in Turkey, in,  Bulgaria and in Austria.  Verdun is eating into Germany's  strength at a more rapid rate than  any other event since the .war began.  Col. Fcyler, a Swiss military expert,  generally recognized in Europe as  one of the most impartial and best  informed critics "of the war, estimates  that the Germans up to June 1 used  about 800,000 men at Verdun and puts  their losses at 350,000. The Paris  Petit Journal describes Verdun as  not a battle, but a surgical blood-j  letting on a grand scale, and says  that when the flow begins to slacken  another vein is opened.  One English observer is quoted as  saying of the slaughter here:  "M could -clearly sec through.my  field glasses the Germans moving  forward in mass formation. Suddenly  the French guns opened and mangled  humanity was piled in windrows. J  thought the battle ended, but soon  ai.other line in solid formation was  sent steadily forward and as they  started to pass over the piled up  heaps of their dead and dying comrades the French cannon again blazed and the pile of dead and dying  looked  a solid wall.  "I never had dreamed of such  slaughter, but the sight that followed I think no man ever before saw.  High explosive shells began blowing  into pieces the masses"* of dead and  dying. It seemed fiendish���������I wondered that the French .were so insatiate���������Avhen, horror of horrors, I  discovered that the high explosive  shells were from the German guns,  blasting the walls of dead and dying  that another line of German troops  might pass through and execute the  German order 'Forward!'"  British estimates place the German  losses at^crduii for four months at  415,000 men; that is, 65,000..more than  Colonel Feyler's estimate of 350,000  up to ' juiic 1. These estimates arc  based upon cantured. documents,  statements of pr-rsoners- and other  sources. At. the same time the  French losses from the same, source  were placed at 165,000 men in killed  and wounded.  increase, every form" of property and ,  business 'will go ahead. - "-Further-^  more, the net profit in each case'-jf"-'  such-'increase should be larger I pro- ,*  portionalely than* the - gain in gross-  returns. A larger business can; often -  be done without much increase'- "in, "  expense, leaving a greatly enhanced' '  net return. _     .   . -.    , ;."  In every progressive "..'town,, there- )  fore, the merchants are willing "to' -  devote much time and 'thought to -T  making the town grow as a whole.'."  .They do not relax efforts'to compete*'"?  successfully with each other. . BiU1'''!  the gains that come from the growth - ,  of the town as a whole come easier --  and with less effort.     "   ' -   \V  _   The first essential is. to develop an"/*  intense feeling of community loyalty. ' ;  It should be realized    that   evcrvone    *'  who owns a business or any real  lis-    '  tate ,is going to gain by the growth'    -  of the town,as a whole.    Also every-\ 7,  one    who,    has a    job in a growing  v.  town     is     the     gainer,   though--this ,''.  is not always  realized.'     In a  grow-���������"*>  ing town employers are  better -able '"���������' ���������  to   pay  good   wages/and  there    are",  more  opportunities  for advancement. -,-"*  The'first step in  community'lovaU  ty  is   to  patronize ,thc     home     mer- I  chants.        The   man   who   sells   supplies in your town is in a sense vour  ''  business partner.    He is working"'for    -  ends that are vital to  your success.; "  Every purchase made .at home helps .  on   the   town,  helps  make  your  pro--~-  perty, your business, vour   job more     -  valuable, and hopeful    of    larger op-  '  portunity. * ,,  Spend  your  money so  as  to make  your   home  town   grow,   rather  than     \  so  as  to  make    some    other    place  grow.  Canada's, War Expenditure  PS  Hill  mm  Ml  m  m  m  Si  llllll  is!!  '^���������'-���������''fyK^'''*'  Pit  S_gS|  Estimated    Total   ^Cost,      Including  Overseas  Forces,  Is  Million  a Day  According to an official statement  issued 'at Ottawa, the expenditure "of  the Dominion Government in Canada-  alone now exceeds $20,000,000 a  month, or about $700,000 a day. The  largest item fil this huge expenditure  is for pay and allowances, subsistence and assigned pay of the troops.  It is running at the rate of about $12,-  000,000 a month. This is, of course,  much more than^is paid to the  troops at present in Canada, who  number less than half the total Canadian'forces rlecruited for the war,  over 200,000 having gone over. The  pay of the overseas forces assigned  to their families and dependents here  and' separation allowances, also paid  here, constitute a very large portion  of the monthly, war expenditure.-The  sterling exchange situation has had  much" to do with bringing about "the  payment in Canada of so large a portion of the pay of ihc o\ crscas  forces.'  As nearly as can be estimated,  Canada's present war expenditure in  Canada and Britain, including the  maintenance of the troops actually at  the front, is at the rate of about $30,-  000,000 a month, or $350,000,000 a  ycaV. This averages about'$1,000,000  a day and is equivalent to about $1,-  000,000 per annum per head, as the  total enlistment is about 350,000 men.  Of these there are now in Canada  about, 140,000.  Out of the revenues of the Government for the year it now seems probable that a large amount of -the principal of the war expenditure'will .be  paid, as the budgets of 1915 and 1916  are both working out most satisfactorily. The balance of Canada's war  expenditure this year will be defrayed partly from the funds of the domestic war loan issued in November  last and from the war borrowings.  Parapet for Fresh Air.  Private Williams, who before the  war was a member of a London  News Agency staff, writes from  France: "There were some humors  in our relief of the French. We were  told that you could sit up on the parapet there without exciting the spleen  of the Boschc, and, according to  other accounts, possibly rather freely translated from the French, the  death-roll statistics showed that ���������as a  winter resort the, trench zone far surpassed the tranquil villages right behind  the line.  "It was really an exciting study in  psychology to note how the enemy  arose from his state of torpor on  learning of our arrival. FPe lost no  lime, but a lot of ammunition, in  making his introduction. Thereafter  we exchanged greetings punctually  and generously.  ^1  ������������'J!f!*^i$tf! --���������T-'V        -Ml   *- ,,-. to  ������������������    "~>V,   ' ���������*��������� ^   *V(V   <-<���������--     *  *j7r *t .  -    P=  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,    ��������� B.      C.  Kb-*?  **">*���������..  #  t-  js.'Ssy  ���������**_  ������'  ������**t  ���������f������p>_>-*-  W ,V,-A  ���������**���������������-  _*'  _4 _���������������*_*  Jfffer<Jfitiml 3%e  Tfof-  ������^-**'s_l  .3t%S  asa#  ���������u"*-  ���������13)  f ���������     f re1*     -  * ?\j"__r*<*,"t**_*  -,*  ������*  jf'**^?.-  \  ���������j-iM'-SXV  ^'  ���������*w,  a-* ������  :'|W-������  R  j������&>~~-  F _f  W ^A ���������>������*���������  "a*-*  'F:T*  -'   S  ���������* _*-  ���������V  _^  .*������  **_w  (?crrs?e& ffea P/u/?2<2g������  _--.-*���������  :������_i  *!>���������  ���������A?'  J_-*-  rX  La-f>C:  ���������������y  life  "_ft_*    ���������* *    *     *  fe������*  ���������.���������������������������ft*-*'--  U-*-1**"  ./  >*���������*"��������� v  ���������9-fcr  ���������*. *=.  ���������-.  .<��������� *���������"'*"'  ^  ������  ���������'W,������.-?S  I    .,1  VyA.'h,"    J-i*  JwrWJ  ^^"ITt THAT shall we wear after our straw  VV hats are passe?" cry up-to-date  women. Fashion kindly comes to  the rescue, plenty ahead of time, too, with all  sorts of hats except straw even while the summer sun beats down in its fury. First she compromised with velvet crowns on straw brims  and a few velvet brims on straw crowns, but  now she offers you some hats which you can  .wear well into the fall.  Probably there is no time, outside of straw  hat time, when the feather turban is exactly  out, and for the woman who likes a small hat  these are decidedly smart. After the large  sailors of the summer one will enjoy setting a  close-fitting turban of plumage in peacock  colorings on one's head. To give both chic  and height there should be stiffened ends of  peacock blue velvet.  The porcupine hat fairly bristles with  style. It is fashioned out of quills stripped of  all but a' few; stiff fronds.   iThe crown of this  fetching hat is of rose satin to match the velour  coat with which it is worn.  Can anything be prettier than the mottled  plumage of the guinea, fowl? Here it is  mounted, wings and all, on a close-setting turban. There is no silk about this hat, for even  the crown is covered with the soft feathers.  Corbeau blue, or translated from the  French, raven's-wing blue, is the color of the  other feather-trimmed hat. Tiny overlapping  wings trim this feather-covered toque, starting  in coronet effect from the center front. A  blond girlwith blue eyes would be startlingly  attractive in a hat of this sort.  Panne velvet drapes gracefully.   Here it  is shpwn puffed on to a foundation of corded  silk in the same rich green.  A single pin, the  "favorite millinery trimming of the moment,  holds the drapings on the right side.  Are you willing to exchange the shade of  your large straw hat for one of these smart bonnets of silt or feathers 2 .  ������������������������������    i^y-Ir"? ^**  .*���������**���������-'j ���������*>���������'.;  % Ui 'i  u(  *     ._  \*  -fc-?  li <&���������*'&  K%P$*-  **o i-^i>  .V'  PS'  &  \A  /������������������?���������  .���������������*���������'' "-I,  kM  v^_   B*v ^T?.\*Aji -  at*-    >"   S.  /#'  ���������*>;>;-.'-.'-t',*.^--;':.'.':l  m>  ���������gwNirfmqia^^  Nn0fuun>m.taw^f  ������n_aE-nr--i_-r-i*--n- I ,        ���������*--'.    i        - i '        .���������..**-.;       , v - /,  -    u '^      "   '*      ';��������� *     -.   THE     GAZETTE^     HEOLE_T,      B.      C.  '������-  V'*"i- -'^v%iBB_r_i������fK_'-iS-  alISi  Boy Flyer is  Army Pride  ��������� ...���������_������������������  Young    French' Soldier    May Rival  Pegoud   as  an  Aviator.  One of the marvels of this marvelous time is the way our youngsters have come out of their shells,  street���������and the woman also���������with  such admiiing wonder as the way the  boys have taken to flying.  The French, who have an undoubted genius for'flying, are proud of a  youngster only just turned 21. His  name is Guyncincr, and he is a sergeant, and may rival Garros and fe-  and nothing strikes the man in the  goud.  'But if kissing goes by merit and  not by favor in Fiance, he is likely  to have a rise pretty soon, apart nom  his aeroplane, for he has already  brought down five enemy machines.  The fifth came down in flames only  a week or two since. He may have  bagged a sixth by this time.  |l He is decorated with the Cross of  the Legion of FTonor (the most coveted distinction in France), the Military Medal and the Croix de Guerre.  Not bad for a sergeant.  But he nearly came a cropper recently. It was only his ^wonderful  nerve which saved him. He was nine  thousand _feet up, ,and one hundred  feet more or less above an enemy  ^ craft he-wished to get at.  i He got-at it with a vengeance, for  J his "lubricating oil froze with ���������the extreme cold and he came down, strik-  ' ing the" upper ^plane of the German  machine.   " ' ( ,  *���������"' The shock nearly; turned him  !*topsy-turvy and he fell like'a stone.  -His fate seemed sealed. After dropping 1,500 feet, by a prodigious display of pluck and coolness" he man-  [{���������������������������aged lo recover his equilibrium and  landed safely,among his excited com-;  ''rade's, who 'were -farjmore upset than  ^he was.-    - -  That's the ..sort-of young men that  .1"France and Britain are producing in  ���������^platoons   and   regiments.     They   will  do something better even than flying  .���������when-the'war is over.    Watch them!  j������������������-Answers,  London.        * ,  * , " The Use of Feeds.  In a recent bulletin issued " from  the office of the Secretary of Agriculture'the "authors say that Euro-  yean farmers ^ consider the cost of  feeds   per   pound   of nutrients, "while  (French Airman  Flies Over Berlin  Drops Proclamations and Continues  Journey Into Russia.  Lieut. Marchal, of the French  Aviation Corps, last month left  French soil and flew over the German capital, upon which- he dropped  proclamations and then continued  his flight, intending to land within  the Russian lines. He was forced to  descend, however, in Poland and was  taken prisoner by the Geimans.  The official-communication given  out telling of Aviator Marchal's  achievement says:  "On Jane 20, at 9.30 o'clock: in the  evening, Sub-Lieut. Marchal ascended at Nancy on board a Nicuport  monoplane of a special  type,  taking J Many creameries have adopted  Thick Cream  Several Reasons Why Thick   Cream  Is Better Than Thin Cream.  , Dairy farmers who separate milk  for the creamery trade quite often  need-to learn that there are several  reasons why thick cream is better  than thin  cream.  The tendency of legislative bodies  to pass laws setting the standard at  35 per cent, butter fat shows that it  is difficult to persuade many farmers  to set the separator to run a 35 per  cent, cream, oi  better.  The cieameryman, of course, is the  one most interested, because to keep  hi3 trade and get fair prices for his  product he must put out butter, and  he can make better butter with thick  cream than he can with thin cream.  the  Suitable Machines for  Quarter Section Farm  i  Whales Do Not Spout  i  iew American farmers have a defin  ���������itc"'idea    of the    different    nutrients  f) which    compose    the    feedstuff's    or  ���������their uses.  American  farmers have    the    best  u opportunities in  the world to" obtain  ���������   -information on all matters connected  with the feeding of farm animals. We  * havc^ the   best  Department  of  Agri-  ,  -culture   in   existence',      and  we  have  "stale   experiment    stations    that' are  iv.-ll   equipped  to   help ,the     farmers  '. with   local   problems.-    Protection   is  /  .afforded through   "feed-control    laws  K<* that force manufacturers to.tell what  I'i'they "are selling. - <   .    _,  "rilf -the'-Arnerican^feeder^-of -livestock  does .not g-et results tlfat "the European "does it is - his -own ��������� fault. He  _hould be able to get just as good  results out of cottonseed-meal as the  Danish dairyman, yet the Dane buys  our cottonsecd_ meal and ships dairy  products to this country to compete  with our"own. Of course he has the  advantage of cheaper labor, but he  also makes a closer study of feeding.���������The   Country  Gentleman.  to last 14 hours. His mission was to  cross Germany at low altitude in  order to drop proclamations on; the  capital at Berlin and then to descend  in_ Russia.  "This audacious flight was accomplished, point by point, and after flying all night, Lieut. Marchal - was  compelled to descend at 8.30 o'clock  on the morning of, June 21 near  Chelm, Russian Poland, "at least one  hundred kilometres (62 miles) from  the Russian line. He was made prisoner. "*_  "The proclamation which Lieut.  Marchal -dropped on Berlin began  with the words:*.'We-could bombard  the open town oi- Berlin and thus  kill the.women and innocent' children,  but we are content td"lhrow pnly the  following proclamation,' etc." Lieut.  Marchal was interned."        '  Marchal was interned at Salzer-  bach; when he forwarded to France  a postal card, giving these facts:  ' "- '1_ was made-prisoner at eight  o'clock *on the morning, of the 21st  at Chelm. Officers did not believe  that I "had accomplished my task, but  the proof later arrived, and they were  obliged,to  bow1 to  the reality.  " 'It was the failure of the spark  plugs which stopped me, and I descended to change two of the plugs  and to start the motor again. Unfortunately, it would have been necessary to change two more plugs,  and at this moment I was taken prisoner. ,. You may judge of my chagrin.' -  -"Aviator Marchal, in the course of  his journey covered in continuous  flight a distance of about 1,300. kilometres (807 miles), most of which he  travelled during the night "  with  him  a  supply  of fuel  sufficient  practice     of  paying    a  cent  to   two  cents a pound more for cream testing over 35 per cent, than for cream  testing under th'at figure.  But from the standpoint of the  dairyman alone, it is to his advantage  to run the separator so as to get a  heavy cream. Perhaps the principal  reason is that it gives him more  skimming" for use on the farm, and  skimming is 'valuable for young  calves and pigs.     ,    -  With a thick cream he has less  weight\ to haul, but gets the same  money because there is just as 'much  butter fat.' He needs fewer utensils,  saving'labor in-washing and care of  the  wash-room.   - ,  And'finally, - it has been demonstrated that a thick'cream will' not  squr/so quickly as a-thin cream. -The  reason,--of'course,-'is that there i-  more*milk sugar in thin cream, and it  is the milk sugar that sours. In the  hot summer months k will be found  that a heavy cream can be cared for  and 'delivered to the creamery in a  better condition than a thin cream.  Tommy's   Needs   in  the  Trenches.  A    mass'of correspondence    from  British soldiers in the trenches is full  -of touches   of human interest.    One  "Tommy" is  solicitous about his appearance, especially in view of what  he hears  that any  day  that  "drive"  ' may be called for.      "I would like,"  he writes, ".to enter it as I would go  to church Send me a razor."  Another soldier shows how he ex-  .pends some  of his native anger.    "I  smashed a mirror, yesterday, not accidentally  ���������   that   would-bring   bad  luck���������but deliberately,    for I  cannot  bear to lookjit myself.. My hair has  - grown as long as Trilby's.   Can't you  manage,  dear,  to   squeeze in a  hair  clipper for your old Tom?"  -   J.  H.  wants a  flute.    "I  can  play  anything on   it and the  boys  in  the  morning  enjoy a   bit  of  music,  they  arc tired at   my whistling."  "A pack of cards" is the crj'ing  need of another lad, and a pathetic  request is for Harry Lauder's latest.  "There is a Scotchman here who  imitates Harry to perfection, but we  arc dog gonnc tired of "Stop Your  Tickling Jock."  Tunnel From" England  to France.  While the Channel _tunnel project  is being revived in England, the question is being earnestly discussed in  France. Albert Montiere, .chief engineer- of the Chemin^De Fer Du  Nord, recently lectured in -favor of  the international tube before the So-  ciete Des Ingenieures Civils, in Paris.  'With this tunnel, the lecturer said,  the British troops and their supplies  could be rapidly * and economically  transported under the channel without the- least fear of" enemy submarines. This would liberate part of. the  flcefV'ahd restore to the 'merchant  marine a great number of its units.  The advantages would - be incalculable.  After the war, he declared, when  commercial expansion would be renewed on each side, the Allies would  have to be solidly united to maintain their supremacy, the tunnel  would acquire prime-importance.  Germans Buy Milch Goats.  A number of German cities have  taken practical-*, steps1 to solve the  milk problem, which still is very serious in the -large centres of population. ' Twelve of the largest Prussian  municipalities have bought 75,000  goats in Switzerland. The animals  'have been turned over to the owners  pf small farms, in the suburbs of the  cities on conditions that they, deliver  seventy per cent .of the milk obtained from the goats to the relief-stations, where it is": distributed among  poor .families with .small children.  The goats furnish 200,000 quarts of  milk a day. '--- ...  ��������� Military rifles drive their bullets at  speeds of 2,000 to 3,000 feet per second. Consequently they travel much  faster than sound, which has a speed  of only 1,100 feet a second. If a  soldier, is hit he .will /probably hear  the. "vicious and menacing crash" of  the. arriving bullet before the rifle report arrives. Phonetically the- two  sounds������������������'-;..are described as. "pack���������  punk." -T-'iie :first is the b-l-c-*;, the  second sourd is the report'.. arrivinr--  nearly a second later.if the d'.-jisince  is 1,000 yards. ���������  Joffre's Little Joke.  "My brother in the trenches," said  a French chef of Milwaukee, "writes  me a little anecdote about General  Joffre, the generalissimo, you know.  "Our brave Joffre was examining  a map while under fire. The map  was held by a young subaltern, a  boy of 16 from a military school of  St. Cyr. Bang! S-s-t! went the mar-  mites and Jack Johnsons and whistling-Willies���������for so they call those  shells, you know���������and the boy could  not help starling and trembling as  he held the map, and this lost our  brave Joffre his place.  "The generalissimo was vexed  when he lost his place three or four  times, and he said to the boy soldier:  " 'Voila, you. are too. conceited,  dodging the shells like that! Do you  suppose the Bodies aim those expensive shells at you? You are only  a little boy soldier. Do you take  yourself for a cathedral?'"  Tack    Philosophy.  - A thing is tragic' or humorous according to the point of view. -The  man . who sits on a tack does not  share the onlookers' amusement. In  fact, - he is not only pained because  he occasioned someone else to find  a degree of pleasure in his unseemly  plight.    - , ���������"���������     -  Now it is perfectly safe to make  this positive statement in this connection: The person who witnessed  the other's unfortunate encounter  with the tack "never deliberately sits  on the same tack himself; in fact, he  is particularly cautious about sitting  down > anywhere, soon ' thereafter  without.looking for ajtack.   -   *    .    ,.  Nor is this an indictment of tacks."  Tacks serve a very real, and useful  purpose in this world, but they have  their place, which is not in localities where they may be sat upon.���������  William C. Lengel, in the Hoggosoii  Magazine.  Great Britain Leads the World.  Great Britain, although --hampered  by the drain of war and a-big naval  construction programme, still leads  the-world in building merchantmen,  according -to -a statement issued by  the United. States .Bureau of Navigation.  Her    shipyards have under   actual  construction  now 423 steel ^merchant,  ships of 1,423,335 tonnage, and ' would!  have more but for the fact that private   yards   are  engaged, in' building  war vessels.  . The entire world in 1915 launched  743 merchant ships of 1,201,638 tonnage.    New Anti-Aircraft Cannon.  An anti-aircraft gun, the first to be  used by the United States Navy, will  supplement the armament of all the  battleships and a number of designated cruisers, it is announced from"  Washington.  The battleships Pennsylvania and  Nevada already have been equipped  with these guns, and eighteen other  ships and cruisers are to be fitted  out as rapidly as they are available  for navy yard work.  The new detence weapon is the result of a three-year experiment by  the navy experts of the Bureau of  Ordnance. It consists of a machine  rifle capable of hurling a three-inch  shell 27,000 feet into the air at an  angleof ninety degrees, and can deliver its charge at rapid fire rate.  Machines for a 160-acro farm,  .which require considerable thought  In purchasing, are the plow, the  grain drill, disc, harrow and roller.  A 12 or 13- Inch gang plow will require 4 or 6 horses, depending upon  the condition of soil and the-depth  of plowing.  One operator with 4 horses can do  almost the same amount of work  that two man with S horses with a  sulky plow can do. The particular  type of mouldboard to purchase de-  ponds somewhat upon the type of  soil; ordinarily what is known as a  "general-purpose" mouldboaid will  be satisfactory. If theie is very  much heavy sod to be plowed it may  bo necessary to secure a sod typo  of mouldboard, which could be-used  as an extra for the regular plow. If  mechanical power Is to be used a  14-Inch 2 or 3-bottom plaw will perhaps be a better size. The disc  type of plow Is not adapted to many  types of soil.. In some of the light  sandy soil of the south and southwest it is a very popular type.  A 12 or-14-foot drill will require.  4 horses and will enable the operators  to do the maximum  of. work  and at,the same time to put in the  small   grain   In   the   best    possible  shape.   In selecting a drill there are  two types to consider; ' one-   type,  'known as the fluted, force feed, depends upon the size of the opening-  admitting  the  seed,   while   in   -the  other, known as the' internal - feed,  the speed of the feeding apparatus  is changed for varying amounts to .  be sown, and two different sizes.of  cups���������one  for large  grain and the  other for small seed:     For sowing ~  grains, ranging in size from cowpeas  and soybeans to wheat, the second^  type will give a more even distribu- ���������  tion of seed    with    less 'danger of '  cracking the kernels.  The tandem dfso is popular, the  advantage being that one can pulverize the ground at 'one" operation  and, at the same time, not leave any  ridges or hollows. The tandem'diso  having the cut-away diso for the *.  front and full circle for the rear will.  meet average conditions. -The best  size is 16 inches, for this size gives -.  the greatest pulverization with" the  least draft. A 14-inch disc will pulverize the ground to a greater extent but will pull harder -for- the  work done. An 18-inch disc will pull  easier but will not pulverize the soil  so well as a 16-inch.  For medium, light soil, rather free  from weeds, the spike tooth-harrow  of 3 or 4 sections is the most serviceable. For heavier soils, where greater pulverization is ' desired,, the  spring-tooth' harrow will do better  work, but will require*,'more power.  One horse per section of harrow will  furnish the power. One. i_.an with  a 4-section harrow can harrow 40  acres per day with a riding attachment.  The corrugated ^roller type of rol-  **l9r is to be preferred tp the smooth  sirface steel or/iog roller. The corrugated type will not "compact the  surface soil so much as '''-���������e smooth  type. It will, however, leave a-better surface mulch and thereby conserve the moisture.- ~;It will also  mash the clods rather than push  them into th_ ground, as is the case  with; a smooth roller type.  There are many points of operation in all farm machinery that have  much to do with the success of farm,  ing. With tLe introduction of the  lightweight tractor, larger problems  of operations are envolved which  should be considered by the farmer  just beginning to purchase his equipment.���������Prof. F. M; White, in Breeders' Gazette.  What Comes From Cetacean's Blowhole   Is . Steam.  Since a whale breathes air, when  it is below the surface the breath  must be held, for if water should be  taken into the lungs the animal  would drown. Thus as soon as a  cetacean comes to the surface its  breath is expelled and a fresh supply  inhaled before it again goes down.  The breath, which has been held  in the lungs for a considerable time  under pressure, is highly heated, and  as it is forcibly expelled into the  colder outer air, it condenses, forming a column of steam. A similar  effect may be produced by any person if on a frosty morning the breath  is   suddenly  blown  from  the   mouth.  That whales spout out of the blovy-  holes water which has been taken in  Prosperity After11-**^  End of the WAV  "   '    *���������*/* *5*.4i  - li'i  ft" ^>\  JTO   **-������������������  *���������_      -v  Many people, for. some "unexplained reason, have feared and continue* ��������� y  to fear that this country will experi^''^,;-'-^"  ence a period of industrial and busi- \ij&l&  ness dullness after the war. There'} Vf'V*  seems to be no justification fo-^fiUchT,/' ,-^'i'i  a speculation. "������&*.���������;   '^ zr?'���������*''  On the contrary, there are sound' -������ V"v,1  reasons for belief in the predicti_fWr*"<A^  of Mr. Kingman Nott Robins, vicq-"- ."_ -j'  president of the Farm Mortgage -  Bankers' Association of America,  who, in the Monetary Times, declares that Canada will experience1  her greatest proportionate development in production immediately af-'  ter the conclusion of the war. The ''  country will certainly have excep-!  tionally favorable  commercial  condi-  th-*\OUghi t}^ *~9uth *s probably more  tions t0 take advantage of.  Real    Short    Cut    to    Peace.  Prof. James Mavor, of the University of Toronto, sent the following  letter to the New York Evening Post:  You have asked Lord Bryce to"say  what terms of peace would be acceptable to England. I do not suppose that he would care to answer  such a question. . Nor is there any  need for him to do so. It has already been answered repeatedly by  Mr. Asquith.  I am not entitled to interpret his  answer; but I may venture to do so  in the following terms:���������  "There are three methods, and in  the nature of the case three only by  which peace may be concluded:���������   -  (1) That the German Emperor hand  his sword to General Joffre.  (2) That he hand the same to the  Czar of Russia.  (3 That he hand the same to Sir  Douglas Haig.  An elderly lady walking-through ..a  village, heard the church choir singing, and stopped to listen; "What  beautiful singing!" she said to a man  'who had also stopped in a listening  attitude. But he was a naturalist in-  teresetd in the "song" of a j cricket.  "Yes," he replied, "they do ittiy rubbing their hind legs togctherl"  , The first of the Bogoslof group of  the Aleutian Islands was born 120  years^ago. There was. a great convulsion in the Bering Sea, about 25  miles north *bf Unalaska, and an  island appeared above-the surface or  the stormy waters;. This islet, which  rose to a height of nearly 3,000 feet  above sea level, was christened Bogoslof by the Russians, who. then  owned Alaska. Since then several  other islands have been "born" in  various parts of. the Aleutian chain,  and are now the shore homes of sea  lions  and  sharks.  What .We Need in Food.  Calcium, phosphorus and iron are  more likely than any other minor nutriments to be lacking in human dietaries. On this account especial interest attaches to their occurrence in  food.  Calcium is especially abundant in  milk, and is also contained in considerable quantities in eggs, vegetables, and fruits.  Phosphorus is abundant ��������� in milk,  eggs, nuts, peas, beans, and such cereal products as contain the outer  seed coats.  Iron is found in largest quantities in  beef, eggs, beans, peas, green vegetables (especially spinach), and in the  outer seed coats of the cereals.  The foods which are poorest in minerals are polished rice, pearl hominy,  white flour, bolted corn meal, and  other cereal foods which lack the  outer seed coats.���������From the New  York Daily Telegram.  One of Whistler's sycophants once  declared, while ���������," conversing with the  eccentric painter, that there had been  only two real masters of art:in 'the  history of the world���������Velasquez and  Whistler. The artist replied: "Why  idrag in Velasquez?"  TO  PREVENT-HORSES  SLIPPING  To prevent horses falling on slippery roads, a Chicago inventor has  made an auxiliary spring spur, or  calk, which may be clamped between  the inner edges of a shoe and held  under the ball of an animal's foot.  The device may be attached or removed quickly and when.lu place  does not interfere with a horse's  freedom of movement. The calk is a  conical spiral of steel mounted in a  plate of special design. When-stepped upon the cone compresses, but  its resiliency causes it to exert considerable pressure against the sur-  face of'.a road allowing the    sharp  Englishmen Build Walls With   Soft  Soap. "--  The possibility of using mud as a  building material and so solving the  urgent problem of providing cheap  country cottages in the rural districts and housing accommodation in  the areas where. there has been a  sudden influx of war workers is being  made the subject oi an interesting  experiment by the new household  and social science department of  King's College for Women, University of London.  Six mysterious looking walls have  just been erected in the grounds at  Camden Hall, each wall being composed of a different mixture of mud,  with a view, to testing which proves  most suitable to the English climate.  In each case the earth has been  subjected, to a different process of  preparation. In one case water-  glass has been added, in another  soft soap, and to the earth and soft  soap in another case lime has been  added. A " grouting " of cement has  been poured over the mud wall in  yet another case, and there is one  wall of earth alone.  widely believed than any other popu  lar misconception. As a matter of  fact, such a performance would be  impossible, because a whale's nostrils do not open into the back of  the mouth, as do those of a man,  and the animal is not able to, "breath  through its mouth" as "can ordinary  land mammals.���������Roy Chapman Andrews in the New York Independent.  v PINK   EYE* IN   HORSES      ' ,"  Influenza, sometimes called    pink  eye, is the name given  to a blood  disease in horses, which is peculiar -  in many ways.-      It Is a blood-disease and is caused by the introduc-,  tion into the system of a poison that  may .fly  In 'the  atmosphere;   it  Is  something like cholera in human beings. ' The first symptoms will   :be  languor,   sweating   easily,   and," "in'-  very many cases, actual staggering *  from  weakness and nervous    prostration in- the course' of ten. hours  after"* being   first taken. The horse  drops his .head, his appetite-fails, and  the'eyes"become very red.,His respirations are rapid,' and his temperature  will-run from 105  degrees to  107 degrees F.    This all -may take  ���������place within-'ten or--twelve    hours. '  The   legs   will  swell  quite- a  little  arid get sore to touch.  . If the  disease is allowed to  run  its  course,  quite often it  will   terminate into'pneumonia.    When'the  first symptoms 'are noticed it is    a  good plan to call a "veterinarian and.  get immediate action as quite often,  it will save a-,very valuable horse.  ��������� The following has been given often by good practical veterinarians  and found .to be of-quite a help at  start, or until a veterinarian could  reach' the place:    One and-a,  half .  ounces'of sweet spirits of nitre', one  drachm tincture, of aconite root, two  drachms, fluid    extract   'belladonna,  , one ounce tincture of gentian,  one  .ounce powdered saltpetre, one ounce  powdered sal ammoniac,  water    to  make one pint.    Mix and -give one-  fourth tincup full every two hours  until the horse is better, then drop  off to three or four times a day. Set  a bucket of water in the  manger;  give scalded oats to eat.   If he won't  eat them, try him with other things  like a couple of ear's of corn. Sometimes he will    eat    carrots.    Don't  make  the  mistake  of  leaving    the  horse out in the pasture.    The best  thing to do is to take him  to  the  barn,  and there put him in a dry  place'with good bedding, and make  him as  comfortable as    possible.���������  John  S.   Collier,  in Family. Herald  and Weekly Star.  There will be the great need of  Europe in the work of ' reconstruction, and along with this, the natural  tendency of the Allies to - trade  among themselves, and perhaps special trading privileges. Mr. Robins  points out that the greatest development in thc^ United States followed  the costly and destructive civil war.  ---From the Ottawa Free Press.  Tunneling in Water Without .Food.* \  "How would -you like to work for'  "~     ���������l,  eighteen   hours   up   to   the   waist in' .'���������?  water? Not at all, eh? Well, try v '- ,*|-  and imagine such a task in a. tunnelJ ,r _ijj  where the water was muddy; ana*������4''j������,.v^  where the work to be done was' in -^^Vi%*  fixing explosives for 'mining pur-'^'^'-i  poses, and you have got an idea q_ .-?.-?,^j^  what. Acting-Sergeant C. -T. Pearse -r^ *.&',J  had to do." That is the . .unofficial''" f-^--  putting of a job that Pearse executed  m'  to.perfection, _and which^ resulted;"in '-.,y^i>^  a heavy slit into the comfort oi Jihe? *���������* ������ *>  a  enemy on the western front. v The *  captain of his battalion took 'diie'no- ('  tice of the performance, ..and, when/ '  it was ascertained that'Pearse hadno l  means of getting * food of any_ kind -,  while in the tunnel, his work' met -_���������"'  with its reward, and he is'now proud*-*,  of his D.C.M. r. .   ~.   "   '  "arvy.  TEACHING  A SHEEP TO   LEAD  Did you ever try teaching a sheep  to lead? At marketing time a sheep  feeder will find it a mighty good  thing if he has so tried, because a  sheep that will lead the rest of the  band into a car is a great help when  not much time can be spared and the  work must be carried on with the  "least trouble in order to conserve  weighjt.  There are different ways of training sheep to lead. The most popular  is to have a few round the barnyard  as pets. They will soon become acquainted and in a short while will  follow a person round the place. This  is one-way to teach a sheep to follow  the shipper into the chute and the  car; the others will follow, which  will save considerable driving ana  pushing on 'loading day. Some owners train one sheep or more to lead  to a halter, and in this manner they  are enabled to get the drove of  sheep into the car with very little  trouble.  Prussia and Sparta       "* ���������    ���������   '  In  many ways  Prussia offers    tha  closest parallel to Sparta to be found  in "the modern -world.    In Sparta, we  are told in  the books,    "The citizen'  only-.existed for the state, he had no.  interest but the state's."   The country,  was a camp, and every man a soldier.  The system prevailing was a.combina- ���������  tion  of    aristocracy    and    socialism. ,  Every citizen was entitled to.a _share^., .,,. .,-?  in" the common inheritance,' for^ theV ' ��������� I'^'CHj  express purpose of providing the com-  monwealth with a great number*   of-  stout  soldiers.    The  work which'.1"'is  now  largely done by machinery was  given to helots, so'that the^ Spartansr"  might have more time    for'" military,'  drill.   The state "took care of a Spartan from his cradle to his grave, and  superintended his  education    in    the,  minutest points, and this was not confined  to  his    youth,    but     extended  throughout  his  whole    life."���������(From  the Spnnficld Republican.) "-*''  ;"rwS  n  ~������.-.  Rudyard Kipling, who was present  when his Recessional Hymn was  sung at Westminster Abbey on the  Occasion (A the memorial service to  Lord Kitchener, stated that that was  the first time he had heard it sung  in a church. A gentleman made enquiries of several London clergymen  who gave it as their opinion that the  Recessional had been sung thousands  of times since the war began, tl is  a favorite among Anglicans in Canada. Does this mean that Kipling  neglects church ?  ���������'' German state railways have on  their payroll 36,000 women who are  serving as cleaners, door closers,  platform guards, ticket collectors,  telegraphists, train.despatchers, sur-  facewomen and artisans in repair  shops. The Ministry reports that  the  women    are rendering    entirely  edges of the shoe to take hold before  ������������������ satisfactory service,  the foot bears the weight    of    the  horse. ;  Wife--T-Mercy! What's ihe matter  with your face? You look as though  you'd been in a battle.  -Hub���������I:was.getting shaved by a  lady barber when a mouse ran across  the floor.���������Boston Transcript.  Ample means are to be provided in  the near future by the Iowa Experiment Station for the giving of instructions in the slaughtering of farm  animals and the curing of meats. A  modern abattoir is to be constructed  and it. will be operated in such a  way as to encourage the local killing and packing of meats. It Is expected that,this innovation will lead,  in the near future, to the establishment of small packing-house plants  in those regions where the raising  of meat animals is the main industry of the farms. In this instance  it* will cost $50,000, but it must be ���������  remembered that provision will be  made in this structure for instructional work, thereby making the  building more costly than would be  the case where the slauhgter of animals and the packing of meats are  carried alone. The work will be in  charge of experts, and animals will  be slaughtered on "a sufficiently:  large scale to demonstrate the practicability and feasibility of- building  up important local industries of this  character. ' . ���������  When Flying Machines. Are - Common  If all reports are true, some automobile manufacturers are giving considerable thought to aviation, and#   a-  few are actively engaged in  building  aviation motors.  Farmers are of a class in the best  position to make use of flying machines. Contrary to general opinion,  flying in a well-built aeioplane is sate.  Statistics show but few accidents and  these are, for the most part, caa_ed  by caielessness, or lack of knowledge  of the principles of "flight."  The modern aeroplane has a factor  ofsaiety of about eight, which, roughly: translated, means that it is about  eight times as strong as necessary.  '���������-���������Flying machines are today beyond  the";: reach of all but a favored few,  but" so, too, were motor cars a few  years back. There seems to be no  logical reason why the aeroplane  should not follow in~the footsteps of  its land brother, the automobile,  which in ten short years, has become  the- servant of the masses; not just  the toy of the rich. What has brought  about this change? Simply building  automobiles in quantities. Today a  better car can be bought for one  thousand dollars than three thousand  would buy five yeais ago.  Who -will be the first to adapt these  principles to aeroplanes? He who  does will find himself established as  the "Ford" of the flying world.  ���������*.������������������-,  *> '-."vfc  ���������.���������sv***  -'?*vj-  J>"#  There are now a thousand miles  of railroads in Korea, and the Koreans, instead of sleeping on the  tracks and breaking their heads by  knocking them against the glass windows, consider the cars their best  friends.  In 1915 there were 14,500 fleeces  sold through the agency of the Alberta Sheep Breeders' Association  and for the coming sales on July  28, applications have been made  from members for the sale of 23,500  fleeces. Altogether it is expected  that 2,000 to 30,010 fleeces will be  handled.  "And," continued the lecturer, " I  warrant you that there is not a man  in this entire audience who has ever  lifted his finger or in any way attempted to stop this awful waste of  our forests and our lumber supply. If  there is I want that man to stand  up."  There was a slight commotion in  the rear of the room, and a nervous  little man rose to the occasion���������-and  his fffet.  " And now, my friend, will you ex-.  plain in just what way you have conserved the forests of our nations?" ���������  And, with the utmost gravity and  sincerity, the little man said, " I have  used the same toothpick twice."     ./  An  instance  of a lucky wound  in  the  war  was   that of a  soldier who.,  has  been  struck   by  a  rifle-ball    al-;  most in  the  centre of his forehead.  The bullet passed under the skin and  then circled around half    the    head;  between the scalp and the skull, and  made    its   exit    through- the   scalp  at the back.      The brain    was    not  touched    and the man,   was well in  three days.  Bill���������What's the idea, Algy, standing there on one foot like that?  Lord Algy���������Really, old chawp, I  was going some place, but I bally  well forget where it was.  "Behind the .iltar" said the cathed������  ral guide to a party of tourists "lies  Richard II. In the churchyard outside  lies Mary Queen of Scots.. And who"  ���������haltiDg above an unmarked flagging  in the floor and addressing a tourist  from London���������"who do you think, sir,  is a-lying 'ere on this spot?" "Well,"  answered tho Cockney, "I don't know  for sure but I have my suspicions."   .  an  "Do  you know  the  nature  of  oath, madam?"  "Well,:I ought, to, sir.: We've jus*  moved and my husband has been la.yV  ing the carpets."    :       '-  ,;:'-i!:s(������B*ffl  &dMM^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ TBE      GAZETTE. C  HEDLEY/    B.      C.  ?m  Room  Nineteen  FLORENCE WARDEN  L  WARD, LOCK -&CO'.. LIMITED  London, Melbourne, and Tcro.mo  J  (Continued)  CHAITER   I.  Mabin Wrest knocked at the door  of the city office indicated in' the ''.advertisement, cut out of a daily paper,  which she held in her hand.  She was a pretty girl with grey  eyes, hair which admirers said was  golden, and girls said was "neither  the one. thing nor the other," and a  slight, girlish figure. She was of the  middle height, and she would have  known how to dress well if she had  had  a  little  more  money.  As it was, she was always "neat,"  which is as much as you can expect  of the daughter of a barrister who  died before he had had time to make  much   money.  Airs. Wrest, Mabin's mother, was a  very superior person, though you  -would never have guessed it to look at  her. She came of a family which  spread its ramifications throughout  r-lhc British aritocracy, but which had  a convenient knack of ignoring'those  members of it who had changed their  names by marriage and so shut  themselves out from the family advantages.  Mabin. was modern enough not lo  care to live a wholly domestic life in  Jier mother's small home in the neighborhood of Maida Vale, so, having  mastered the ablruse science of typewriting,' she had stolen out without  saying anything about it to Mama, to  answer the advertisement of a stockbroker who wanted a typist.  She was quite new lo the business,  and very shy when once outside the  home walls, though, within thctn, and  when talking lo her mother about the  advantages of earning one's own living, you would have thought her as  bold as brass.  Moreover, she was twenty, which,  after all, is a ripe age at which to begin  the world.  ��������� Nobody came to the door of the of-1  fiee,  although  she could  hear sounds  from within.    So  presently she opened  the  door a very little and peeped  '"-., ... . -  The  offices  consisted  of a suite of  three tiny, dusty "rooms, and by putting her head round the first door,  she could see right through the second room to third, where a very  young man, who was also very short,  very thin, and very ugly, was practising golf strokes with a cheap wagling  Mick and a tightly rollcd-up ball'iv.ade  cf newspaper.  He looked up and said "Hallo!"  when he saw a human girl at the  other end of-the suite, and, dropping  the stick hastily, came through to her,  with a smirk suitable to the occasion.  "Is tliqrc anything I can do for you,  A BRIGHT TOBACCO OF THE FINEST QUALITY  and she distinguished that of the  clcrk,-,.aiid heard him invite'someone  to lake a seat.  By this time the clerk and the  owner of Ihc second voice were in the  room next to that in which Mabin  was sitting, and 'she,,could distinguish  the words uttered by both.  "Thanks," said the owner of the  second voice.    "I'll'wait here, then."  Mabin was struck by the tones of  this voice���������deep, :full, pleasant, the  voice of a young mail. She was quite  interested in its unseen possessor, and  amused herself���������having exhausted the  attractions of the Sporting and Dramatic News, in wondering whai he  was like.  And she decided, without hesitation,  that he was good-humored, cheerful,  and various pthcr.'uic'c things.  In. the meantime the clerk had shut  himself in the outer office, leaving the  unseen stranger in the middle room,  and' there was silence, but for the  sound of the crumpling of the newspaper  which  he was reading.  Then he appeared to grow restless,  lie walked about the room, he whistled, he began to sing a song, in a  language which Mabin did not understand, but which she thought must be  Spanish. -  She, on her side, was being slowly  asphyxiated, for she did not like to  come out and face the stranger on  her way to ask the clerk to switch  off the current from the stove.  "At last she could bear the hot and  smoky atmosphere no longer, and, going to the window, she-tried her hardest  to   throw  up  the  sash.  Tenacity of British Seamen  Captain   Commands   With   Uniform   in  'Ribbons  Xow that there has been ample  time for many of the wounded sailors in the Jutland naval battie to  review and recount their experiences  we. are. in a better position to reverse  the spirit , of the navy that overcame the stealth of the enemy.  A' petty officer gives a thrilling  narrative of the "hottest moment"  on board his own  ship.  "At my own gun," lie says, "we  fired only one round, as after' the  first shot the gun was put out of  action, and of the gun's crew two  were killed and two wounded, I myself only getting peppered in the  legs with  bits of shrapnel.  "I triqd to reload and fire, but  found it was useless. 1 then went  to the gun next mine, but :t was in  a worse state, every man being killed. As 1 turned away one poor fellow fa reserve man, about 50) asked me, 'Look, Tosh, wlujt the Germans have done to me,' and before  I could answer him he jumped into  the sea. -Poor, chap, both his arms  had   been   shot   off.   I  stumbled  over  Hens on the Farm  A Very Good Showing From a Flock  of   Two   Hundred  Farm poultry is not given half the  consideration due to it. -Comparatively few fanners take their hens seriously. They arc regarded only as a  side line for the women folk lo trifle  with and lo furnish' raw material for  breakfast and an occasional dinner.  As a matter of fact, 'the farm income can be materially increased by  proper consideration of the hen coop.  Two hundred per cent, is a good rate  of interest and a hen will easily pay  that to her owner for all money invested  in her.  Three years ago iii" one of the  eastern provinces a farmer's-wife decided that she was going to have an  income of her own apart and independent of all masculine interference.  She looked about for an oppoi lun-  ilyr where energy and brains could be  converted into cash and finally decided to try chickens.  Of course hens were not strangers  on-that farm. A dozen or so were always to be seen scratching about the  yard or the garden. They were a  nondescript lot, of various colors,  ages and sizes.    Each hen hustled for  10 CENTS PER PLUG  The Control of Weecis Why Aren't You Happy!  There  Is  No   Easy  Way to  Get the  Best  o;   Weeds  Weeds are the robbers of the plant  world. They creep into the fields and  rob the plants of moisture, light and  plant food.  '  They often crowd out good clovers  and grasses in our meadows and pastures.  Every farm boy should learn the  names and habits of all the common  weeds. Whenever one is found that  looks as if it might prove mischievous it should be promptly identified.  If nobody on the farm can do so. it  should be sent away either to the  Dominion Agricultural .Department at  Ottawa, or to the Agricultural" Department of the Family Herald for  identification and information concerning its control.  Among the  commonest corn - field  weeds  is  the  grassy  pest known  as  foxtail.  It  is   a  kind  of  wild  millet,,  which grows from seed and lives only ���������  one year.  -It  Life  Alas! nobody had done such :  thing for years and after many at  tempt*;, she only succeeded in upset  ting  a  pile of  old  books,  which  fell'/  a  young  lad,   who  said,  'Give  me    a j herself, laid an egg when,she felt like  fag till  I  am   put  straight.'  Someone) it,  often  in some almost'inaccessible  place where it was never found,    and  -Mabin drew herself up, and-was reserved" and .haughty, to cover up her  shyness,  which  was extreme.  "I wish to see the���������the cr���������cr���������the  ���������    gentleman  who advertised for''a'.typist,'"  she said.  "Oh, Mr. Fryer, my principal," replied the young man", assuming an  air of profound knowledge of the  world when he saw that she was a  new hand. "Yes, yes, of course! Come  in! Take a seat, miss! No, not here;  "in the inner office.    This way!"  He led her through the outer room  to the second, which ''was a little larger and quite dusty. Here he;paused,  for one moment, and Mabin had time  to look around: to see the typewriter  standing in a corner on a table, and  to note that there Were two chairs,  one on each -side of a wide writing  table, indicating, apparently, that it  was in this room that clients were  received. .'-.'���������������������������''.  The clerk hesitated'a .moment, and  then   said���������r  "JN'o;  you'd  better come  into    Mr.  Fryer's  private  office,  for  there will  be someone'in here in a minute."'..  \ "Someone here? '.Won't  Mr. Frycr  ��������� be. here himself?" asked "Mabin.-  "He won't be up yet, miss, for he's  week-ending at-Brighton," replied the  smirking 'young man. "But if you  likcy'.I could lake down particulars,  and you. could ca'll again."  "If he won't be very long, I think  I'd "rather, wait and see him now/''  said Mabin, whose courage was oozing out of her, an'd who felt.sure that,  if she once retired, she would never  be able to find courage enough i'o  thread the dark passages of the C'ily  warren  again.  "Very well, miss! If you'll come  in here, it'll be more comfortable for  you."  lie showed her into the third room,  which was not much more than a  very large cupboard, but which was  carpeted, and contained, besides a  couple of armchairs, a small sideboard covered wilh cigar boxes, and  some hanging book-shelves with  sporting books. There was also a  side-table, with a gun-case and some  clothes.  The clerk switched on the electric  stove, begged the young lady to take,  a chair, handed her the current number of the Sporting and Dramatic  News, and disappeared.  Mabin seated herself in  one of the  armchairs, and warmed her hands.    It  was  a  chilly  October day,   dark and  cold and Windy.    Through  the dusty  windows of the small room very little  light  came,  and  the  atmosphere,  oppressive    with   .stale    tobacco-smoke,  soon' became stifling. '    She    thought  she  would go  out and ask  the  clerk  to  open   the  window  or at  least    to  switch off the current from the stove;  but before she had decided to do this  she heard  voices  in  the outer office,  and, expecting'each  moment.to have  the door opened and to find herself in  the presence of Mr.' Fryer, she waited.  But  no one  came in.  Presently   the  voices   came   nearer.  down to the floor with a crash.  At  that,  the  door  was  opened  and  a head was thrust into the room.  Such a head! '  Mabin,   blushing  and    angry     with  herself,   saw a   soft   fell  hat,   wide  in  Ihc^brim and  squashy as  to     crown.  Then the hat came off quickly,,   and  I she saw the owner of the voice:  I    Before he spoke she knew that he  and   the   voice   belonged  to   one    another���������they fitted each other exactly.  ��������� For   the  head   was   that  of  a   man,  long past  his boyhood, but  undoubt-  edlv.youiig,. with a ruddy complexion,  a voluminous  fair beard, a  long and  wandering  fair  moustache,''a look of  sunny  good, temper  at  the  .-moment  clouded   with  impatience,  and  a  pair  of twinkling blue eyes of unspeakable  charm,  "What   the .     Oh,   I   beg    your  pardon!*' - '  This was what, he .said as-he took  off his soft hat and stood in the-door-  way.  Angry with herself, flushed, covered wilh dust, Mabin was struggling  back into the middle.of the lloor, over  the ���������.Tattered books and papers.  "I'.was trying to open tlic Window,"  she   explained.     "It's-���������it's���������awful .   in/  here."  "Allow- me."  He came in, and Mabin saw that  he was of fair height, broad-shouldered, dressed in clothes ���������which had certainly not .been* made'iii England.  There was about him, too, a certain [.cold  air of being- in ��������� unaccustomed" sur-  roudings, which accentuated the effect  made- by '.his beard and the unusual  length of his hair. These things gave  him a slight air of; savagery, which  was not marked-chough, to be other  than attractive. And at the same  time, the tones of his voice suggested  both good breeding and-refinement in  no common degree.  (To   be   continued) W  . The War and French Industries.  It is impossible to realize or estimate the extent of the industry effort  of the'war'to meet the demands imposed upon her by the requirements  of tlic army. Old factories have  changed their wares, and consequently their machinery. Others have  been created entirely, .with'-'or without Government: sanction, in- order to  replace  by   national   industry   certain  gave^ him a ' cigarette and lit it. for  him, and atter taking a puff or two  he-sank back dead. I saw his legs  were all"right, but he had been shot  in the stomach and his legs wero  paralysed. 1 noticed that the conning tower, bridge, and steering  gear had been blown away bv a huge  shell. (,  "Our captain had a wonderful escape. I sa. him giving orders, as  coolly as though we were at battle  practice, in his shirt sleeves, his coat  having been torn into ribbons with  sharpnel and the force of the explosives.  , "During this confusion our steering gear all gone and our boat practically helpless, we came into collision. I was pitched into Jie sea,  and found myself, when I came .to,  being kept aiioat by my life waistcoat and lifebelt After an anxious  time in the .water. I was picked up by  the  Sparrowhawk.  ���������"While on board the Sparrow-  hawk we had a crowded existence.  It would be about three a.m., -when  a German submarine came up on the  starboard quarter,,and wo thought it  was all up with us. We got our only  two remaining guns to bear "oil her;  before we could fire she turned tail  and  nipped, away under  water.  "Soon after this we picker, up a  craft with twenty-seven men on her,  belonging to. the Tipperary, with a  sub-lieutenant swimming by its side,  as the raft would have capsi_ed*xwjth  his additional weight. He had swam  with one hand clutching the ropes  hanging i-ound the raft for some  hours, but was: in better condition  than several of the men taken ' off  the raft who had suffered from the  and. exposure, some of them  haying practically  no  clothing.  "We had great' difficulty in' bringing some of them round." We were  much amused- with one of the men,  who,, dressed in a piece of serge'  round his loins,--was' anxiously drying a number of ������1 Treasury notes  which he ;had saved, explaining to  us-that.he wa-, to be married on his  next leave, and that Hie hoped they  would not be spoilt. To his great relief they dried: out all right, and  then he was able to take an interest  in his own miraculous escape.      W  is not a serious wee!: " except  when wet weather in June prevents  the-corn from being cultivated.  Smart weed has much the ' same  nabits as foxtail.- Like'- foxtail,' too, it  is a serious weed in wet cornfields  and gardens.  _ "Most of the "common weeds which  infest cultivated crops live only one  year. They produce lots of seed;  these live long enough in the ground  so that even after four or five years  ot meadpw or pasture they are still  liable to do damage to cultivated  crops. .      i  There is -no easy way to get    the  contributed lo the family wealth noth  ing except the beauty of her presence.  The farmer's' wife in question determined to change this. She procured a good book on poultry and studied the situation from all sides.  The result was' that last year the  farm carrier'' a flock of two hundred  hens,   all   pttre-breds.    About   sixtccn-  hundrcd and sixty    dozens    of    eggs _  ���������   ���������OJ   ���������,tJ,   LU gel,    UJte  were sold at an average price of sev- best of weeds. The crops should-be  cntccn cents. This netted about $200. kept as clean as they conveniently  Besides this poultry was sold.during can. The land hoe must be used as  the year lo the value of $115, and.the a cultivator cani.ot be denpnrlfl'ri ���������  value'of the flock was increased 'by  $40.    This gives a total of $435.  On ihe oilier side of flic ledger we  have the  following statement:  ���������  -  Feed, $113;  new    corker els.    $8 40;  oyster shells, $1.80, making a total of  $122.40. ' .  Subtracting the two totals ivc have  a net profit of $512.60.  No account is taken of the labor,  because, as the owner said, if she had  not* been looking after the hens she  would have been doing something  else.  Aside from this no count was made  of the eggs consumed during tlie.year,  or of-the fries, roasts and stews which  formed the basis of many a savory  dinner. Neither was'account taken  of the fertilizer produced.  By more attention to details this  ���������woman could 'have increased her income considerably. Many times the  $180 should have been spent for oyster shells. Two hundred hens will  sometimes''consume that amount in  two or three months if given the opportunity. -*-������.  m   the   Small  Town  or' on  th  Farm  Should  be  one  of Contentment.  This  question is addressed -particu  larly   to  many   girls   in   small   towns]  and  on  farms  who  have  the  blessc  privilege   of "fresh   air   and   abundan  room,  both  indoors  and     out,    gocc.  food,   faithful   friends,  and  a  definite  future.      Why are't you happy?   On<  answer is that you do not understand  how well off you  arc.    How should  you, since you  have not lived ih  th<j  city    and   have   no    experience witl  winch you can  contrast your prcsen  good fortune?      Your idea of the cit*.  is drawn at -secondhand,   from..- wha"  you  have  read  and  heard;  you  havu,  unconsciously selected only what yoif  liked and ignored the rest.      -.        .   f|  You  may say  that  you know  of a  case  where  a  girl   went   to   the  city  got; well-paid ,work; advanced furthci)  until she was in business for 'herself*,  and is,now making a good income 'OrfJ  you may tell of a girl who soonCa'fte  she.reached the city,  married a man  receiving    ���������     good     salary,  and she���������  comes home for visits wearing beauti-l  ful clothes and having a very sophls  ticatcd air.      These cases arc the ex  ccption and you do not know the price'  the two girls have paid for their sue-,  cess.*-      But   this   aside,-5 ask   yourself?,  if  you  have  the alert,   shrewd brain,!]  the intense power- of    concentration,  the quick grasp.thc  unshakable  perseverance that will- win you success "in  business.   NAsk  yourself if  you" have���������  the charm and beauty which might at-JJ  tract  a  well-to-do   husband;   also   remind yourself of how  much  ihe clement  of  chance  enters  in  meeting a-  man whom you would care to ��������� marry. V  and who would care to marry you.  How can you be happy? By mak- -  ing yourself like your life just where '>j  it is. You can do this by dwelling '  on your advantage and ignoring what ,"  else you might wish you had. As i'  you- practise .happiness it will grow ft  you will give and gain love unceas-.f/  ingly, than which there can be no 1  greater blessing.���������From the Woman's \<  World for August,    r (\  ot be depended'upon toN destroy all the "weeds. The  Dutch or push hoe is an invaluable  article foi* th?s purpose.  In some sections the weeds which  .live from year to year and .spread by  underground rootslocks'as_. well as  seeds are troublesome. 'Quack grass,  Canada thistle, horse-nettle, and  morning glory are the worst weeds  of this type- These pests have about  ten' times as much fight in them as  the common  annual   weeds-  If they are cut off at the surface  of the ground -they come lip "sigain  and again. But if you keep at it long  enough, you can ��������� kill them. When  these weeds are ir rcorn land the only  thing to do is to cultivate frequently  and then hand hoe several -times. It  really  takes-'' too   much   work  to  get  the best of this kind of weed in corn, i "-������������������<.    -*-   <������������������������������������������������  "��������� ���������'������*,*��������� '* .cicctca,  i  may  A better scheme oftentimes U to _put 1 justify yourconfidence and prove that  He Owned No Master.' -  " We've come," said the    chairman  of a political committee in a south of /j  Ireland city, "to.ask you to take this "/  nomination.      The city, needs a man   1  like you���������strong,    brave,    self-reliant, "J  owning no master, fearing no man." V?  The great man was visibly touched  _ ' I'll not deny," said hc7 " that your  kind   words  have   shaken   my   resolution.    I  trust that, if .elected,  I  may  Not  The World Cataclysm  the     War    That    the    Kaiser  War    That  Wanted.  We   arc   fully   convinced   that     the  present war is certain  to deepen and  intensify     the    feeling    of   -mankind  such  land in alfalfa  or pasture. Fre  quent moving is hard  on ..them.  Pastures and meadows hav:** weeds  which generally do not bother corn.  Sorrel, dock, ragweed, and buckhorn  are the common weeds of thi-stype.  In alfalfa blue grass is a bad weed.  Most pasture an 1 meadow.weeds live  over year   after year.  Newfoundland and Canada.  The    Christian      ministry      cannot  settle    the    policy.      It is"dcpendent   , upon the voters.      They," it is said, are  against: all war.      There are already j much   more   inclined   to  visible elements  of accumulating  ex.-'  ecration  of war  which    it    will  only  need the coming of peace to cause to   ,.  burst; out into.demonstration such as}?  the -world has never seen.    These elc  Opening the Land  Winnipeg Tribune:���������Many returning. English: soldiers arc to encage in  agricultural'.pursuits if the "recommendations should be adopted in the  report of the Department-Committee  appointed by the British President- nf  icjjiuv.-   uv    iliiiuiicii   iiiuusiry   certain i i.i,���������- p���������;,    i      c   .      ���������     ,      ' ��������� ���������*���������' "Hi-ni or  goods   formerly  imported  from   Ccn- I    'C(.,f������^ ' of Agriculture ,"to consid-  th  tral Europe. Women have replaced i ,.|,��������� i���������,,,i ��������� ,- ,- v -���������*������������������"*-'-' "������������������������������������. mi  the men* called up to the colors. In I U^l ?_,k"glai,d "}"*-* Wales of dis-  short,-'as' by the. touch of a magic  wand, the towns of Central and Meridional France, yesterday hushed in a  monotonous existence, .have-'today-  doubled their population and become  the centres of methodical and sustained activity.���������London Chronicle.  ments are manifold. Wc sec Diem  in; the "unspeakable and almost unendurable human misery winch the war  has brought. We"see them iii ihc  ���������appalling icn'se of loss an.i waste of  ''-.the,'most precious -things 'on earth���������  needless'loss and waste, as the bitter  reflection, is. . We sec them in'the  terrible reactions of war upon the very  devotees of war. Tt is not necessary  to credit all the stories about Admiral  von Tirpitz being made sleepless and  haunted by the brave young men  whom he- had sent to'a* torturing  c.settlement or employment "on jcleat** beneath the sea.      But if they  An elderly lady "walking through a  village, heard the church choir singing, and stopped to listen. "What  beautiful singing!" she said to a man  who had also stopped in a listening  attitude. ' But he was a1 naturalist in-  tercsetd in the "song" of a cricket.  "Yes," he replied, "they do it by rubbing their hind legs together!"  A county vicar advertised for an ineligible to make himself useful, etc.,  in his grounds and garden. A likely  candidate turned up and. 'or being  questioned upon several points, the  vicar said to him: "You know, we are  all vegetarians he; ���������, and if I engage  you I should like you to conform to  our rules. Could you?" The applicant  entered into a brown study, and then  at last replied: "I think so, sir. But.  I should like to.ask an important  question first. Do you reckon beer a  vegetable?"  The production of nitrate oi soda,  in Chile, which fell off greatly at  the beginning of the war, has almost  reached antebellum figures. During  April, 1906, it was 5,337,592 Spanish  quintals, or 541,231,929 pounds, as  against 3,988,101 quintals in April,'  1915, and 5,589,542 quintals in April,'  1914.  charged soldiers and sailors." The  commitcc recommends that .land be  acquired and that any returned soldier or sailor be allowed to settle  thereon. The land will not be-sold.  The Government will retain title and  lease to settlers. A Board of Agriculture is to supervise carrying out  of the plan. It will give an agricultural education lo settlers needing it,  and employ the men at prevailing  wages pending the time when they  become self-sustaining.  Britain Exonerated.  The Socialist manifesto circulated jn  Germany says: " War is the crime.  The starvation plan is only the consequence of this crime."  That relieves England of its reproach.  What shall be said of the reproach  to Germany in the fact that, as the  manifesto asserts, "all food in the occupied territory was requisitioned?"  Germany took the food of those j  whom it conquered, allowed them to ���������  be supported by the world's charity,  and made those thus supported work  at the point of the bayonet. When  before did the world know such war,  or such insults to the supreme law?���������  New   York Times.  were true  thy  would only  repeat,  in  their   way,   the     experiences      which  l-made   even   the   Iron     Duke  blanch  'after Waterloo.   '  We. know that'such  a cold - blooded and professional vivi-  sectionist of war as-Major Moraht is  has had wrung from him a moan of  grief  over  the  thousands  of  German  and French soldiers perishing in front  of  Verdun..    And  we know that  the  Kaiser himself has been so cut to the  heart   by   the   crippling   of  a     whole  generation   in   Germany   that   he   has  read out: " I swear that I did not wish  this war!"    No;-none of them wished  this   war.      As  Mr.   Oliver   writes  in  " The  Ordeal  of  Battle," Austria did  not wish what has happened in consequence  of her ultimatum   to   Serbia;  nor Germany what has come about as  a result of her backing of Austria, and  so on.    What was wanted was a little  war or a  short  war, not all  the. tremendous   cataclysm   which     has     almost    overwhelmed the   earth.���������-New  York  Evening Post.  favor     the  merger than  they  were twenty years  ago.      Memories   of*-past  strife  with  Ottawa have    faded    away.      Where  scars were left  there is  much  better  feeling  than   there  used   to   be.   Canada  is  not so  much  under suspicion  of  being  pro-United  States *  as     she  was then.      Her record in the "great  war" has convinced Newfoundland, as  perhaps nothing else could have done,  that the Canadian is loyal to London'  and to all that city symbolizes in any  plan_ for imperial  federation and unification.     St. John's wants the closest  sort   of   relations   with   the   financial  centres of Montreal and Toronto, so  that Newfoundland's     resources  may  be   developed.       Thus   it   is   that  already the press of Canada and of the  Colony is busy debating a merger, in  which Newfoundland would surrender  its autonomy and become a province  of   a    federated-, .dominion.���������Christian  Science Monitor.  The British Meat and Allied Trades  have presented the Red Cross Society of Great Britain with a cheque  for $250,000���������the result of a little  effort that they organized with the  object of encouraging the noble work  of the society.  Various alterations had been made  in the interior of a church in Scotland, and the minister made .i tour of  inspection.'' "What do you think of  the improvements. Thomas?" he asked the pew opener. "Improvements!"  exclaimed, Thomas, in disdain.  "They're ��������� no improvements at a'.  Whiuir are ye gaun lae pit the folk?"  "Oh!" asid the minister, "we have  abundance of room, Thomas, considering the size of the congregation."  "That's a' very, weel the noo," replied  the pew opener, "but what will we  dae when we cet a popular minister?"  ���������Tit-Bits.  I am indeed'strong,' brave, self-reliant;  that I own no master and fear no  man. Suppose you wait a minute till  I see if my wife will let me accept?"  Wanted the Best Terms.  At a certain college in Iowa the  male students are not permitted to  visit-the resident female boarders.  j One day a male fitudent was caught  in the act of doing so, and was  brought before the president, who  said:��������� **-  " Well, Mr. Jones, the penalty for  the first offence is 50 cents; for tho  second 75 cents; for the third $1.00-*  and so on, rising to $5.00."  Said -the  offender in   solemn tones:.  " How' much would a season ticket"  cost?"���������Burlington Free Press.  Another Solomon  The wife of an Arab went to hct  father with the complaint that her,  husband had boxed her cars. The}  wise old sheik reflected for a few mo-i  nicnts, then did to her as her husband'  had done. -,  "Now thou art avenged," he said.  "Thy husband has boxed the cars of  my daughter and I have boxed the  ears of his",, 'wife."���������From ������������������London  Opinion. . -  New taxes on property and income  are being imposed- in.Holland to produce some .f40,000,000 a year. Per  head of the population, it is generally supposed that Holland" is the  richest country in  the . world.  The United States Department ol  Agriculture will attempt to domesticate the mink, wl ich has been bred  sporadically iu captivity for 50��������� years  or so.  When the Preside ; of the French  Republic visited the Czar's soldiers  in France he won their hearts by  greeting them with the word  "Zdravstouitle," which, being inter-'  preted  means "Good Day."  Editor���������Belly is such a  positively couldn't get a  edgeways.  Ethel-���������Oh, that's because  her get the first start.    ���������/  talker   I  word    in  you    let  The women in t'..e service of then-  country in a thousand and one ways  will not be overlooked by the British  government. It has been decided to  strike a medal for women who distinguish 'her selves apart from those  given for meritorious work as nurses.  W.     N.     U.  1118  i    " We should love our fellow men."  "Yes," replied Air.  Crowcher, "and  mebbc we ought to go a step further  than that an', try to be worthy of one  .another's    affections." ��������� Washington  ' Star.  A man can explain . most everything satisfactorily to his* wife except why it is impossible for him to  come home io dinner.���������Detroit Free  Press.    .  Two-thirds of the feeding value of  the alfalfa plant is in the leaves, says  Farm and Dairy. If the leaves are  lost in curing only one-third of the  feeding value remains.  ���������-��������� Eight-year-old Ted was giving an  enthusiastic account of a new neighborhood club and the list of officers.  ,   "And   what   office   do   you     hold?"  was  asked. - .     .,���������    .  "Oh, lam the Member!" answered j Balvein Tubes 25c. Fo'rBaakofiheEyeFreeask  Ted,, proudly. I Drugg***- oi HurfaelfyeKenedy Ce.,C_ica_i>  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dust and Win-  quickly relieved by Murine  Eye Remedy. No Smarting,  just Eye Comfort. At  Vour Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eye  The Ministry of Munitions, France,  has officially stated, in refutation of  German reports, that, up to the present, France has not yet used any  shells manufactured in the United  States.  Little Edna, who was watching the  men working a pile-driver in the lot  opposite, said to her mother: "I'ni.so  sorry, for those poor,-men, mamma;  they've been trying and trying to lift  out that big weight, and every time  they get it almost td the top it falls  right back again."  How to Keep Yourself  Looking Young.  It lias been proven that Hie woman who pro,  tecls her skin will keep herself free from wrinkles  and marks of tiee fur longer Ihnn the woman who  says*,'|Oli no, 1 never do.nnythiiig for my complexion."  If your skin is not naturally clear and fresh, or  if it lias suffered from inattention���������worry���������sickness��������� age or the ravaces of wind, sun and  weather, the rejrular and persistent use of USIT  will soon restore to your complexion its natural  color and freshness.  USIT is a valuable formula of an old and famous  beauty secret.  It feeds and nourishes the skin, wards ofl  wrinkles, and makes the complexion clear,  smooth, and faultless..' It is not necessary to use  any other treatment durinfr Hie day. Apply  USIT at nieht before rctirinjr, mid it will tone  the skin and give that silky softness aud glowing  freshness that alone indicates perfect skin health.;  "USIT" is put up in handsome opal bottles. It  may be secured through T. IJaton Co..(Mail Order  Dept.) Winnipeg, -.Robert Simpson, limited,  liegina, and other high-class drug-stores, or  direct from us.  Send 50c. (2c. war tax) to-day for. trial bottle,  sufficient for six weeks' use. ��������� SUirt to-day to give  your skin the attention it requires.  USIT MANUFACTURING COMPANY, LTD.  TORONTO. ONT.  m  i ��������� AimK J*,7i*\������A "JWi&iff.  >i-**  SJfegk >  v~?^ -r**.������  ';:-^,-f<'  mr-^f7;  ''.'V.i'fl"'',  'j $ha���������, v"  - r  -p.*1  ;THE   r GAZETTE. ���������!, HEDLEY.    . B.      C.  Responsibilities of  Germany in Poland  Under   an International Obligation to  ,   Respect / Life   and   Property.  To the polish societies' of Chicago,  J with     their     heai tbreaking  story  of  conditions in  Poland  under the  German occupation, where-  " practicallly  every child under seven years of age  had died of starvation" President Wilson'replied that he had done all that  he could possibly do. v  He has appealed to the British and  German governments " to make concessions and ..How this humane thing  (of feeding Poland) to be done." The  [British Government has offered to  let food conliibulions go through the  blockade under guarantees that they  ,-ould not be diverted to military  scs(/ and -that the ccnlrarpowcis' In  cttir'n 'would look afLcr the starving  opulalions of the Balkan States they  joccupy.' Germany has declined to give  any such guarantees. N        -'  It is, therefore, Germany's attitude  which invites the attention of the  humane world in respect lo starving  Poland. Germany, as llhe 'conqueror  and'occupier of Poland, is under in-  (tcrnalional obligations'- therein to  ["protect life and property-"���������wc-quole  Jfrom a recognized authority. ' '  "Germany is not protecting life in  jPoland. It Is letting the life even of  [little children starve,away into death,  [as these ..Polish societies tell -the  [President. Germany is shirking a  [primary obligation cf the 'conqueror  [in conquered territory, and it is not  [willing, to assume even a part of the  ^obligation, as in Serbia, in order that  ^foreign charily, with the help of the  enemy, may lclicvc it of that obligation in, Poland.  Conquest    imposes    responsibilities  'commensurate  with  itsigainsto   the  conqueror" ���������   No civilized nation can  evade the one while clinging   to   the  other", and claim recognition as such.  But as in Belgium-so ng[w"iti Poland.  The appeal of humaniTy for Poland  lies in-the direction of Berlin, and no  ���������"other.���������From the New York World. ���������  The Selkirk Tunnel  Huge Undertaking ��������� of The'C.P.R. is  Nearly Complete        -'  The Selkirk tunnel will be through  in the fall, according to the C.'P.R.  officials. This is another of the notable things to which the'company has  put its hand���������a ' tunnel six miles  thiough a mountain whose_ peaks  pierce the clouds���������a tunnel which presented engineering difficulties almost  unique.  This work will give the public, an  alternative route through the moun-  lains;.it will save six miles of snow-  sheds; it will eliminate danger, and it  will minister to the comfort and convenience of the public. The cost will  be $12,000,000 or more. That is about  the only big work the C.P.R. has been  engaged in lately, but it is interesting  to recall that in the years before  the war the company used to 'pend  between $25,000,000 and $35,000,000  per annum in the development of the  West. If, as a high official of the  C. P. R. remarked, the C.P.R. took a  dollar out of the West, it put that^dol-  lar back again in some form or other.  It would hardly be believed, but the  C.P.R. since its inception, has spent  over $200,000,000 in the development  of the West.  Britain's Task  /  For Preserving, Use  Onc-thlrd "Lily White" to two-  thirds Sugar, by weight.  "Lily White" Corn Syrup prevents fermentation and mold���������  brings out the natural flavour of  fruits and berries���������and makes  much more delicious Preserves,  Jams and Jellies than you can  make with all sugar.  In 2, S. 10 and 20 pound tins  i        ���������at all dealers  THE CANADA STARCH CO. LIMITED,  MONTREAL. 278  SELECT MEDICINE     .  '       CAREFULLY  IM-WJJ4WMJII-������TJI_ll-������-aM-  IT-ft. IHrlf'-WnH  Purgatives are dangerous. They  gripe, cause burning pains and make  the constipated condition worse.  Physicians say the most ideal laxative  is Dr. Hamilton's Pills of Mandrake  arid Butternut; they arc' exceedingly'  mild, composed only of health-giving  vegetable extracts. Dr. Hamilton's  Pills restore activity to the bowels,  strengthen the stomach, and purify  the blood. For constipation, sick  headache,,, biliousness and disordered  digestion no"medicine on eaith makes  such remarkable cures as Dr. Hamilton's Pills.   Try a 25c.box yourself..  fos*- eve_������*y  <a_icl g-ttECREATBQN  "Wbim fey every member  ,    of the taimly  The Automobile and the Newspaper  No one thing has been such a lac-  tor in popularizing the automobile as  newspaper advertising. 'It has/ been  ihc one great force that has made of  the automobile business what it is to*"  day. It has spread the story of the  automobile to the most remote corner. From an unknown factor..of_a  few years back/advertising has proved lo the farmer that he canit afford  to be without one. It has shown the  tired business man that his car is a  pleasant biidgc between home and office, and the doctor's "buggy" is now  almost a curiosity.  Millions have been spent in'spreading this knowledge; yet it'lias returned the automobile builder a hundredfold, and because this advertising has  created a market where none existed  before, the price of cars has steadily  '.dropped, while the quality has constantly increased.    __^- -*-  - The case with which corns and  warts can ,bc removed by Holloway's  Corn Cure is, its strongest recommendation.    It seldom fails.  Wool Exhibit  SOLD BY ALL GOOD SHOE DEALERS  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing duty in  the shape of  Sixty - five years ago  the fiistCatiadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "Eddy's."  A Roal  I cvor  Simulation.  N   A L.  f  B O ���������B ���������Y  r  L.-N���������O N  8 Y E Y  The Avalanche as Italy's" Enemy  The worst of dangers in some of  the Alpine stations, worse even than  the Australian cannon, the great 305's  and  420's   which  drop   their  crashing  projectiles from the clouds, was and11 u0V-'of "straw"and "chaff  is the avalanche. Ihe indications of flrnrP  coming movement, for which the  mountaineer is ever on-thc walch arc  no longer perceptible; and at a moment when all seems calm the avalanche will thunder down and sweep  men and guns away or bury them fathoms deep.  "We lost forty men and t\Vo guns  up there the other day," states an ar-  lillciy Colonel.  A Mild Pill for Delicate Women.���������  The most delicate woman can undergo a course of Parmclcc's Vegetable  Pills without fear of unpleasant consequences. Their action, while wholly  effective, is mild and agreeable.- No  violent pains or purgings follow their  use, as thousands of women who have  used them  can    testify.      They    arc,  This Exhibit is Being Shown at All  The Leading Exhibitions  Through the wool display of the  Dominion Live Stock Branch, Ottawa,  which was presented at the Calgary  Industrial Exhibition, farmers-" were  given a splendid opportunity for obtaining a thorough knowledge of the  sheep and wool industry of Canada.  Il was picparcd by T. *Rcg. Arkcll,  Chief of the Sheep and Goal Division  of the Bianch. The attendants in  charge are G. McCiimmon, assisted  by T.  W. Scxsmith.  'The object of the exhibit is to explain fully the various classifications  and grades, and to show how wool  may be handled in such a way as to  secure the best advantages to both the  producer and buyer. In order to command the highest ^market'prices wool  should be presented in a carefully rolled" and packed condition and should  contain as little foreign mailers as  possible. Carelessness in the preparation of Canadian- wools has resulted  in an injury to their reputation upon  the markets of the world. Endeavoring to overcome these conditions by  aiding' the wool growers of Canada  lo place upon the market a high grade  pioduct'and also to stimulatcsan increased interest in Sheep Husbandry,  and to further as far as possible th'is  profitable phase of agiiculturc the  Live Slock Branch offers this exhibit  to the public.  One of the most interesting'and instructive features comprises samples  of-wool in both the greasy and scoured condition, showing the injurious  effects^ of using insoluble paints,  which arc difficult to remove, rather  than the slandaid dippini fluids for  maiking purposes. This case also  contains samples 'of .wool that have  been tied with binder twin, showing  how the sisal fibre becomes incorporated into the wool and the consequent defect this produces in the finished product. The injuiious effects  of sheering wool while damp, or permitting it to become damp while in  the storage arc shown, together with  the damage caused by the incorporation -of straw and chaft into the  fleece  Two larcfc cases contain representative fleeces of the most important  breeds of Canadian sheep. In these  cases beginners arc given an opportunity to compaic the wool of the different biceds, and thus become acquainted with the average weight of  fleece and quality of wool -obtained  from each. One large case contains  fleeces "of Canadian wool lcprcscnl-  ing the different classes as they are  graded for the market.  <������ The processes of woolen and worsted manufacture arc illustrated by  samples representing the intermediate  pioducts fiom the wool in the grease  to the finished cloth. This scivcs to  give the public an idea of the types  ot"wool entering into the different  classes of fabrics. Although the living specimens are not shown, a mini  British .Navy Has Been  the Strong  Right Arm of the Allies.  Much ill-judged criticism of England's part in the war would never  have been muttered had the critics  taken the pains to acquaint ' themselves with the facts. In the ' first  place, the most obvious sphere / of  English actions at the beginning", of  the conflict was the sea. Her army  was small in comparison with the armies of her neighbors, but she had a  powerful navy, and it had been, fortunately, mobilized in home waters.  Thus it was able to shut the German  fleet in its own ports, to drive German commerce from the ocean, and  to insure the safe transport of troops.  The last-named task was so essential  in the success of the allied operations  on land that il is no exaggeration to  say that its fulfilment averted an irrc-'  parable disaster.  More than she did then England  could not have been expected to do.  She had neither the men nor the munitions. Thus the burden of the  "fight on the west front inevitably fell  on France. That was her allotted  duly, and nobly has she performed it.  Yet it must not be forgotten that the  English and Belgian troops, though  unable to clear Belgian soil of the  Germans or to hold the important  port of Antwerp against an overwhelming force, _ nevertheless held  the coast from Calais. ��������� From the  Philadelphia Ledger.  ACEL  INSURANCE  COMPANY  An  Do not allow worms to sap the vitality of your children. If not attended to, worms may work irreparable harm lo the constitution of the  in fa n ������ The little sufleiers cannot  voice their anmenl, but there ,ar-c  many signs by which mothers arc  made aware that a dose of Miller's  Wo mi Powder is necessary. These  powders act quickly and will expel  worms from the system without any  inconvenience lo the child.  Wrist Watches  To soldiers and sailors, wrist watches easily read, and quickly visible  arc of vital necessity. Time plays an  important part in advance or rctirc-  (ncnl, and also in gun-fiiing. Celluloid faces are too inflammable, the  metal grill over the face a hindrance  and a closed hunting case a nuisance.  British makcis have now produced a  clear unbreakable glass ciyslal and  are working day and night to supply  the urgent demand for military watches.  Minard's   Liniment? Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  "What is vour idea of'a political  leader?"  "One who is able to perceive the  way the crowd js going, and follows  with loud whoops in that direction."  ���������_-__-_-_____���������----..____---���������  i  Over two luindr&d students o������ the  University of��������� Saskatchewan have  enlisted, and two hundred students of  the University of Alberta are either  in the tienches or on tho-wa/ there.  Ne\y Grain Compan}- Record  Str. W. Grant Morden, of The Canada  Steamship Line Loads 500 Cars  of Wheat  The Steamer W. Grant Morden, of  the Canada Steamship" Lines, set up a  new record on her last trip down the  lake, when she cleared from Port  Arthur with " 490,725 2-3 bushels of  wheat.  Captain Neil Campbell received the  entire consignment from the Canadian Northern elevator at Port Arthur. The cereal tiansportcd on the  "Morden" would be equivalent lo ten  trains of fifty cars of wheat each, and  the cargo weighed in ihc vicinity of  15,000 tons.  This is said by shipping men lo constitute a record-breaking performance.  The laigest shipment handled previously, it is asserted, ,was by the  "Snydcrjr.," when 470,000 bushels of  wheat was carried. The "Snyder,"  however, is an American vessel. The  "Morden" sailed from Port Aithur  July 16th.  r ________-���������-___-������������������  , ( Germany Must Be Crushed.__  There will never be peace- in  Europe until the German army is utterly defeated in the field. An economic victory would mean nothing but  a renewal of'the contest at a later  date. What must'be crushed, if Europe is ever again to know security,  is not the stomachs of, the German  people, but their belief in the invincibility of their 'own arms. If Germany surrenders today as the result  of domestic famine, what would be  the.spirit in which her people entered upon peace? They would say, and  with some justice: "We nearly took  Paris, and we hold the best industrial  districts of France, we have run Russia out of Poland, crushed Serbia and  Belgium, and hacked our way to the  near East. All we have to do next  lime to'win is to ensure our own food  supply for a three years' war���������and  that can.be easily done."  "Scribbles is a- Freethinker, is he  not?"  "Well, no editor will give him anything for his ^noughts."- ,  "-^���������&'_������8  ��������� ^*&__g  .  J-' r<--**V'-������B_  -  ��������� ; ���������??$������  Wood's Pho_^li������3aia9.%^>^  The   Great   English   Remedy.'': *\  loica and invigorates tho whole- - ���������'  norvou,i system, uiakca new Blood '   ' ���������}  ,a*&*3  Debility,  dency.  Heart,  forSS      _   ���������       druegiits or mailed in 'plain pkE."ort iwpipt of  price. Krwwrmphlet mailed free. THEHOO-  WED1C1M*- CO..T020NT0. OHT.   (F.rm.rly y/iod-or!?  Exclusively   Canadian   Company      "   '        " >    , "o  Assets Over  Four   Million   Doliars *'<,  ' i-        "��������� *-���������  An Excelsior Policy is a Money Saver.  Get One To-dayv  &sm  America's  ������������������Pioneer  Dog Remedies  BOOK  OX     '  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed  irco  to  any address1 by  tho Author  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  118 West 31st Street, New York  I_iil,_EJ^1___:-lc_L?E'weDY- Na- *>* ������������������������������������������������  THERAPBOW SS&M  tr<*a'5.icrcji, curlschko.mcweakness lost vtoo*  ft VIM KID.EV OL\[)OER. I>Ibfc\SES BLOOD PCISOH.  FILES tlTHE* NO DRUCClSrsor MAIL SI-POST 4 CT������  rOUGERACO BO BEF.KHAHbr NEW VORKOr LYMAN BRO������  TORONTO WRITE FOR FREE BOOK TO DR. LE CLEKO  MED CO IlAVttKSlOCKRD HAMI'SIEAD. LONDON BKO.  IR* NLW DRAGEE (rASTELtSblrORMOF    EASY TO TASK  THERAPION .Asl-dT  6e_ that iradp marked'word 'tiierapion- is oa  BKIT. GOVT STAMf ArplXtD TO ALL GEN UIME PACXXXk,  -iff)  '-   r S*g  - - >M  ���������'?-/.*:  Jl-t  - ,������l  *"f&  - --*?  - i"; 4  .'  ...'*..ii  >eafnessIs Misery.  'J know because I was Deaf sod had Head * ' ,-=���������_���������> rPtto  Noises for ovcr.30 years. Myinvisible ~'->J*&.?&i  Anti-septic Ear Drums restored my hear-; ,--.*���������_ , ������������������*������  ing and stopped Head Noises, and willdo   ~   *���������-"..^.li  ait for.you.    They are Tiny Megaphones.  )/Cannot beseen when worn.- Easy to put  in, eas/ to take out. -Are "Un seen ..Comforts. 'Inexpensive. WritcforBooklctand  my sworn statement o J low I recovered  'myhearlnR.     A. O. -_ONA_I>  Suite229 l_l6t_Ave.   - - N.Y.Cltr-  *���������-- jr. ~>vi  .-���������. '.' s?  There are 22,946 uninterned enemy  aliens in Great Britain, cf whom 6,-  756 are men of military age, exempted from interment. The figures are  .official. Nine of the 4atte.- ar������ in  the employ of the Deutsche Bank of  the City of London- The authorities  claim that surveillance of the bank  enables them to gain information  that otherwise would not be-obtainable.  No "Pilgrimages to Mecca This Year  A sidelight upon the war, or its effect on the western bank of the Red  Sea, where the Mohammedan's  Holy  Place is located, is shown in the1-disposition of Indian devotees to' post-'" ,'^^:.'  pone their intended    pilgrimages'  to*--*"JV ^^f|;  Mecca.    It seems that in ^Medina* arid l\  Haj the price of living is all but'pro- ,^'  hibitivc.   A sack of flour_that cost $3'' .-,  two  years  ago   now  cannot  be ^purchased under $15. Last year only 2,000    '  pilgrims from India visited Mecca, as  against an average' of 15,000.   - Then  there is no British "Consul at Jeddali",  -J  and  exchange of money has ,'become  "--"  an impossibility. ' "*. ". , ~  *?.'������������������,^vs-ftS  V"*?4  ���������'-'-V-P?  1 ----* tyi^r  " I wonder why Alice has remained  a miss?"      , , .  "Because she     failed   to  make   *���������'  hit." \   '      ~     .  "Jack!"   *   -  "Yes?"  "Can't   you   bring   some   fat   friend ���������  home to  dinner?    I   positively vmust  have some heavyweight to sit on'my ���������  trunk."���������Life. s  During a lesson on the good Samaritan, the scholars were asked why the  Piiest and the Lcvitc passed by on the  other side.  "Because they saw the man had al-  lcady been robbed," ua.*, one prompt  and unchaiitablc reply. ��������� London  Notes.  therefore, strongly    recommended   to  women,  who  arc more prone  to  dis-; p"^ of-enlarged photograps of reprc  orders  of  the  digestive organs    than   scniativcs of  the  different  breeds  as  well as cntiie flocksarc included in the  exhibits.  Tn the propaganda for moio and  belter sheep and their products in  Canada, the Dominion Department is  furnishing valuable assistance lo the  sheep growers. Tl is establishing a  plan for wool scllinrr through co-operative associations, by furnishino- officials who grade the clip and advise  the gro\\ci-; as lo the proper mclh-  " Now we will say your mother ocl<* of handling--wool, in o-.dcr that  bought three do/en of oranges, the it may icach the market in the best  dealer's pi ice being thirty cents a nossible condition The Dcpailmenl  clo7cn. Mow much money would the ' is al-;o offciing assistance to Sheep  pi.-chasc  cost   li:i*-' _ | Bi-cedcrs'(Assorialious,  by   supplying  You   can   never     tell,"     answ ci :d , them with purcbicd rams free.  Hairy,  who   was  at   the   head   of  his I  *v)SV  J   *������$&  -.. **-_*&  ,   %. "-sag1  "r^������*js  :    5-     *"\    <S$$  r-"'-*^*_M  ,. ._,<g*j.  '. ? *J_  "*"}���������'���������"$  '   vc  . -*^t  - ^*v  * *:-:*V$  V'frM  ;   - i..*c^  cla.ss.     "Mil's   gieat   at * bargaining  In   this   puz/le   joi!  see    four    lines    of  letters.     Fill in   tli-  iiiissni'*    letters    so  thit each hue spell,  a   well-known   town  in    the    world.      A  Mas lificciit    Watch.  Lady's    or     Gent's  (guarantee- five years), will be sent  free of  charge   to   readers   of   this paper 'who   bolve  this puzzle and conform to our one condition.  It   coats   jou   nothing   to  try      Send  your  riswer together with stamp, that we miv  send you result All failins to do this will  be disqualified.   SBND NOW I  "���������BARGAIN"   WATCH   CO,    ( 400 Oapt.),  SO..Cornwall!- Rd��������� London    "  s__ssB_s__aa  N.  The Duchess of D������vonsliI:c, who  is "Mistiess of tiie ftobes to the  Queen, is one of __ Her Majesty's  closest friends. She* is the mother  of two sons aud five- daughters, and  is a daughter of the Marquess or  r.ansdowne. Of slender build and  with small featiues and daik hair,  the Duchess invariably weais the  quictest-lookin  ggowns.  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big laundry  bills.     Wash   it   with   soap   and   water      All  stores   or direct.     State style  and   size.     Foi  25c   we will mail you.  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY  OF  CANADA, Limited  SS Fraser A-omia, Toronto, Ontario  W.     N.     U.      1118  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.  "But she sa\s she has never given  you anv encouragement." "Did she  say tha't?" "She certainly did" She  told me that her uncle was going to  leave her a fortune, and that he had  one foot in the grave. If that is not  encouragement, I'd like lo know -what  you call it."  A bold, unsubdued citizen went to  a new boarding house, and as he had  always met his obligations piomplly  he had become notably outspoken.  On his second day the hostess asked:  " Why don't you say a blessing,  Mr.   Golden?"  He looked over the table and said  gloomily, " I'd like to know what  for?"  What We  Need  in  Food.  Calcium, phosphorus and lion aic  more likely than any other minor null iments lo be lacKmg in human die-  laiies. On ibis account especial m-  tcrc->t attacliCb lo their occurrence in  food.  Calcium is especially abundant in  milk, and is also contained in considerable quantities in eggs, vegetables,  and fruits.  Phosphorus is abundant in milk,  eggs, nuts, peas, beans, and such cereal products as contain tiie outer  seed coats.  Iron is found in largest quantities in  beef, eggs, beans, peas, green vegetables (especially spinach), and in the  outer seed coats of the cereals.  - The foods which arc poorest in minerals arc polished rice, pearl hominy,  white flour, bolted corn meal, and  other cereal foods which lark the  oulcr seed coats.���������From the New-  York Daily Telegram. ,  "Can't you help me a little, mister?"  whined the mendicant. "I'm trying lo  laise the pi ice of a ticket lo Woppy-  kasook. I've got a brother-in-law  there, and " "Out of consideration for yoi/r unfortunate relative,"  replied T. Fuller Gloom, "I will not  give you a cent."  /  Jmg oaves  THE right oil in the right place means less money" for lubrication  and a longer life for your machine.  The Imperial Oil Company makes a large number of farm lubricants  ���������each exactly suited for its special use.      Here are some of them:���������  STANDARD GAS ENGINE OIL  Recommended by leading builders for all types of internal combustion engines,  whether tractor or stationary, gasoline or kerosene. It keeps its body at  high temperature, is praclically 'free from carbon, and is absolutely uniform in quality. . * ('  PRAIRIE HARVESTER OIL  An excellent all-round lubricant for exposed bearings of harvesters and other  farm machinery.    Stays on the bearings; will not gum or corrode.  CAPITOL CYLINDER OIL  The most effective and economical lubricant for steam engine cylinders;  proven superior in practical competition with other cylinder oils.  ' ELDORADO CASTOR OIL  A high-grade, thick-bodied oil for lubricating the -loose bearings of farm  machinery, sawmills and factory shafting.  THRESHER HARD OIL  Keeps the cool bearing cool. Does not depend on heat or friction to cause  it to lubiicate.  STEEL BARRELS���������All our oils can be obtained in 28-gallon and 45 gallon  steel barrels. These barrels save their cost by eliminating leakage.     You use every drop you pay for.     Clean and convenient.  ���������4  ��������� --si.  If your lubricating problem gives you trouble, let ua  help you. Tell us the machine, the make, the part���������  and we will gladly give you the benefit of our experience in selecting the proper lubricants.  7 '>.  OIL COMPANY  Limited ^*"*-*22a  BRANCHES IN ALL CITIES  /  V*. I'rzziv-:  rii^rm^Tfi,  ���������mv-jpjj-!?:  ?.ii^fe':?Vi/!':  THE  '^^���������*^^3gi^-ii^*V-^'gg-^���������  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  is straight, and can't be purchased with a club or money.  If elected, he will repute-nt the  district, and can't be bought  or slugged. J. M. Lynch, another -old-time iVicnd of: tin  Gazette publisher, is rnnniii:  for county commissioner in  Ferry county. We wish them  botli success; they can't help  being- Democrats.  GAZEpI;''i:':'HEbLl_������?S  ������������������' viv-'i *- _ -_-*���������*' ? '  "' "li   I       i   i' i ��������� in Minim. 1-1 -..--....  >_.������U���������_������������������������������������  jpSfgac-j; - :.i>���������_"._23"g'*^^  Intense heat-resisting pov/er is the feature of the almost  imperishable fire-box linings of our own McClary semi-  steel fire-box made in eight pieces���������can't warp.  Mrs. 0. A. Thomson and  family wish to thank their  friends and neighbors for their  kindness and help during their  sickness and sorrow.  MONTHLY REPORT  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  Che Hkdley (tatfc  and  -   Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year .- S2.00  "   (United States)  '.'.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement. 12 lines to tho inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding- one  inch, ������1.25 for ono insertion, 25 cents for  oach subsequent insertion. Over one inch,  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������Ono inch per month  $1.-3; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, SI.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger- space than four inches, on  application, rates will-be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  ,     of time.  Certificate of Improvements .'������10.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notico,' ������2.50 for each-additional  claim.)  ,' Jas. W. Gkier, Publisher.  Hedley Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley  Patriotic Funds  committee submit.the following  report covering collections made  for the'month of Aug.    If your  name   does   not   appear   your  subscription  has  not  been  received   during  the  month.    In  some   (vises    subscriptions   are  paid in advance  and  have previously been acknowledged.   If  you are in arrears please  hand  your subscription to   tho Treasurer.    Collections  made as per  list, month of Aug., $905.25.   Of  this  amount $157.75  Avas   subscribed for the Hedloy Enlisted  Men's     Fund.      The     balance,  $7-17.50, was  subscribed  for the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will show ' the  amounts remitted to tho Canadian Patriotic Fund:  The man who designed the Kootenay knew Iii5*  know that and that is why it carries my guaram- .���������  as the l-iakeis'.  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.  I  '���������^������������������"^���������ji-si'ss---^^  IS. Berg  i-00  J. Oouithiird  -1.00  Joe J)adrcgerio  -A 00  J. Grieve : -.   '��������� -1.25  J. Galitzky '  4.00  M. Gillis  4.25  R. Humbly ".... -jTOO  J". A. Holland * 5.00  J. Hancock .'  4.00  J. J_oi>sa������:k '.    '- 3.50  P. Johnson ,....-���������'... i-00  S. Johns '.  5.00  P. II. Johnson  3.50  C. G. Johnson  4.00  L. Johns .::..,,,,,,  -1.00  0, Lindgren..!..,.' , 4.00  Hedley, B. C. Sept. 28, 1910.  ���������' He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  It might not be out of place  to suggest to the editor of the  Penticton Herald that if there  had. been more "Irishmen's  Shillelaghs" used in the past  four years by tho press of the  province,       the      Conservative  ' party would not now bo in the  sump. The Irishman is not as  rule- a sycophant, aud is not  often found in the train of a  usurper or a self-appointed dictator   of-a   great  party.   The  , shillelagh has always been  found twirling in the interests  of the under-dog.  October, 1914. .  January. 1010.,"  February, 1910.  March, 1916 ...  April, 1910'   $1001 75  597 00  772 00  752 75  747 50  May. 1010 r..   -747 95  June, 1910..,  duly, 1910....  August, 1910.  791 85..  737 15  '747 50'  ������6895 45  C. P. Dallon,  Sec.-Treas.  We  hereby  certify   that   we  have  examined  the  books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds   Committee and find the  above statement to be  correct.  H. D. _3abxi_s   "i .   ',.,  F. M. Gillespie)-     ���������  PAVUOLT.  DEDUCTIONS, JWSK, I9IG.  W. Sampson  J*5 ,1.00  M. L. Geznn    5.00  Friend '.  S.00  B. W. Knowles  5.00  Win. Lonsdale  L0.00  C. E. Prioi  5.00  A. Chue  5.00  S. L. Smith  5.00  G. E. French  ,150  John Smith".  4.50  P. Miu-i-iiy  0.00  P. G. Wright .-       4.00  J Thomas  Our exchanges are all cabinet  making since   the' election.    It  is hoped that Parker  Williams  will not accept a portfolio without a distinct understanding as  to the policy  of the  Liberals.  Mr." Williams   has    been    the  watch-dog in the  legislature of  the masses, and is  too broad to  become a party man.   Among  those in the interior mentioned  are   Dr.   MacLean,  Dr.   King,  John Keen and J. E. Thompson.  Allhave reputations for honesty  to   maintain.      Personally   we  would like to see John Keen of  Kaslo at the bead of  the mines  department.     His  ability   and  experience in mining peculiarly  fit   him for  tho  position.    Dr.  MacLean of Greenwood  would  be the right man  as  provincial  secretary and head  of the education department, while Thomson of   Grand   Forks  has.the  practica1 experience  aud  busi-  Ed. Hossack  O. A. Brown  .J..50  V. Z-iokois-on  4.00  H, E. 1 lanson , 4.00  W. Mat hew  4.00  R. S. Collin  5.00  J. "W. Wirth ��������� 4.50  W. W. Coi-rigan  4.50  L. C. Rolls  3.75  R.Boyd  3.75  P. Millelt  3.75  H. F. Jones "  5.00  T. C. Poi-tcons  .1.50  G. W. Wh-fuien   .',50  S. C. Knowles  .j.,00  E. li. Simpson  -J..00  T.  Henderson  -1.00  H. T. Rain how  4.50  G. Jynowlo.s  5.00  G. Stevens ,  .1.75  T. H. "Willey '.'....'....   ,... 4.00  J. G. "Webster. .**  5,00  R. Claie   J. Hardman   L. S.  Morrison  II. li. Mcssinger...  W. Mitchell   G. Malm     J. Martin   A. Nicholson   K. O. Peterson   G, Prjdeaux   Fred I.'eai-ce,.,,...  A. Rawnsley.   .,.,  B. Rescore   Geo. Ransom   win.'iy...:....:...  O. Ran^e.,,,,,,,   .  J. Roden, ,,  J. 8ne]I,.- ",'.  Ole Sen-onus..,,, /,  \V. J. Slewait   Swan Sweedling...  0. A, Selquiht.. :. .  Cat-per 8teen,,   W. W. Savage, ,,,,  A. W. Vance   J. Williamson.   ...  I). Weiry   FIc.  "Wyberg   F G Chapman   P Carlson .'.  S Dogadin   C E fiiicspn.   W. T. Grieves...,,,  A. Nyborg '   W. Trezona '...  T R-ijrd   f_ Jackson..,,   0   Olson   J  Brown   J McCaulay   Joe Gei'iiles,,   O T Norman ,  G R Allen   A Anderson   BStillSon   5.50  1.00  3.50  '1.00  4.00  2.00  5.00  10.00  3.50  4.00  4.00  4.00  4.00  4.75  ,2.75  ���������J.00  5.00  6.73  3,50  3.50  3.50  3.50  1.75  J}. 50  2.00  2,50  3.50  4.00  3.50  4.00  4.00  3.30  4.00  2.00  4,00  3.00  3..-.0*  4.00  4.00  3.50  4.50  3.50  2.00  4.00  2.00  3.50  3.50  A Amey   L Barlow   J Ed waids,..,,.,   Otto Johneon ,.,,.,... 4.00  G Leaf  1,75  A Leslie  2.00  T "D Morrison  J.70  T.Olson  I.75  A Olson   2.00  V Peterson  1.75  G Peteison ','.   .. 7.... 4.00  WiRusii    3.50  T E Rouse ........; 4.00   ....- 4.00   ....: 4.00  'I. E. Biu-i-us..  M. Mr Lend   Geo. Walker...  R. L. Jones....  A. F. Loonier.  A. J. King   A. Beam   F. Bentley.....  ness ability-for the public works  department. All three are successful business men. But this  is Brewster's cabinet, not ours,  and he will be compelled to  sign a few crooks to satisfy the  crooks outside the legislature.  Alex A. Anderson, of the Rer  public Journal, is a candidate  for state representative from  Ferry county to the ' Washington State legislature. Alexjarid  the Gazette publisher worked  in the same printing mill 28  years ago. Alex has only two  faults���������he is a United Stateser  'and-a Democrat.   Otherwise he  A. W. Harper..:...'  J. Game......   J. Jamieson   W.  Knowles..... ;���������-.  W. W. McDougall.,  J; Donnelly ..    ..  T. L. Terry...,   Leo Brown..........  G.E. McClure....'...  D. Curry .-.   W. Robertson,   Jos. Whyte.....;...  F. Decaiio   D. Henderson.....'.;...  R. Anderson.. .  A.- Appleton.   A. Ross. ._.  N. Stechishin........  T. Bysotith . .  L. Basso.............  J, R. Brown i',', ,  W Snyder   W Wills   ih-dlky���������town list.  W. J. Corn lack   J. K, Fraser   G. P. Junes   Miss A MeKiiinon   Rev R Williams   ���������1.00   W J Forbes   1.00   G. A. Riddle,,.'..,'.,. .'.'.".���������.'.'.'..  4.00   H. D. Bai'ni'.s ,..,,'..'.'.'.''..'.  -1.50   C. P. Dal ton ...,.,,',  3.75   A. T. Hoi-swell   3.50   F, M. Gillespie    ...  3.75  A. Winkler   1.00  J. Jackson   ���������1.00  T. il. Rotherhain.............  3.50   W, T. Butler. -...  3.50   C*. Barnum.,,,,..   3.50   G. McEachren .,,,,,,,  3.50   Miss Roche   4,00  J. D. Brass.. '.*..: ,,  5.00   R. J. Edmond.............;...  3.50  F.'H. French ...'......-.'.-   3.75   W. A. McLean   3.50  Jas. Stewart..   ..... '.s   3.50   MissL. Beale........   3.75   John Maiihofer...-   . 3,50  Miss E. Clare.   3.75  James Clarke  .  3.50  James-Ci itchley   3.50  The Daly Reduction Co .,  3,50   R. J, Coriigan    4.00- G Lyon, July-August   3.50 FJLyoi).....:.... ,"  1.50  A. J. McGihbun .....,!.,  3.50 Friend .....'.,...............;  4.00' Miss M Beale...';,.........'..'''  3.50 E D Boeing. .-.''���������  4.00 J Murdoch '."  $ 3.50  5.00  20.00  2.00  2.50  5.00  ,3.00  .    %$}  '4 ..50  3,00  JO.(K)  5.00  5.00  5.00  3.00  1.00  5.00  *2,00  5,00  3.00  5.00 I  5.00  2.00  1.00  5.00  2.00  2.50  1.00  200.00  4.00  10.00  3.00  2.50  5.00  2.00  5.00  1.00  Hedley Roll of Ho_-or.  Pie. S. J. N. Edward*, killed in  action.  Pte Ebenezer W "Van,*-.; died in hospital.  LCorpBlaii ."Mills, killed in action.  Pie. Arthui Coles (Military Cross)  died of wounds,.  IN  JfJ'A.NCfi AND  BELGIUM.  T. Coriigan, 143S47, C Co, 51th batt.  R Coriigan, 4-13903, "   "        "  AV. Fuliiier      ,  I.'Y.'.iu.i-  J Howe, -li3Sl/).  Sig. section.  Sergt A W Jack, LI3S07  L-OoipIT C Knowles, 113SM9. scout  section     C   po.   51th   batt.   B   E   F.  A P  Mai tin,  443019   *"  Rod McDougall, i 13852, '(  Bobby Robei tson, 4 J390I,  1*1 J ltothpiham, -imn " sig s.  B AShnbeit, 113850,. ���������'  J Stapleton _ ****  L-Coipl[0 Clnistiannia, 43219, M G  fcec, 15th ball, 3ul biig'ule, B E F.,  J Ooirigan, 759J3, 29lh bait, (5th brigade.  F J A J)olle|i)oie} _/o 2 Coy, 2nd Can  Engniei'i-.  Dan Dollvnuae, same.  Artluu Fjueeinan, 130237, 10th batt,  2nd bn'garle,.  L Corpl M II L Jacopibs. 107338, 2nd  O M R, B Squad, 2nd I)jv.' '  L CoirpJ W Liddicoat, 7th batt, -2nd  Bi igiith*.  Coipl M J Meher, .(J3g0������, No I T Ci,  1st Jl C Engineeis.  Sergt Win Tur-kei, 75920, M C Sec,  (Kb lnfanliy biigade. 2nd Can Div.  All thef.ij'ijpoifigsboiihl be a<ldiessed  B. E. F., Franco.  IX  I5NOLAND.  Diiver C Saunders, .13881, C Bait. D  Sub 150, Biigade Army P O, London,  wounded.  TCalveit, 90 Glial l R D, Folkstone,  Kent. At my P O London.  Limit. A E JDenman. R G A. Harw.ick  Essex, Eng.  Corpl AV H Ilendei son, 70.'j/?7������. ifo 4  Coy, 102nd batt, C E F, Army P o',  "London.  Homer $IcLean. 707125, Trans sec,  103id batt, Army'P G, lyondon.  Win McAlphine, 783188, No L Go*y,  J03nd batt, C E F, Ai my P O, London.  NPicKuid, A C03 11th C MR, CE  F, Auny P O, Lona'on.  A B S Stanley, 532703, 13tb Uan,  Field Ambulance, Army P O, London.  JN  CANADA.  W R Bui rows, 6SS2GG, 372pd butt,  C E-l"1, A'einon, B C.  Dan Dev.-me, Edgewood, B .C.  J Donovan, ("'lb Fielr} Engineeis.  L C01 pi W R Rescoil, 93110S; 2?5tli  ball, P Coy, Vetnon.  J Casy, JJth Field Engineeis, Val-  cai tier, P Q.  PO-M1CILU NOT KNO-)VN,  J StapleCcin,  Go Boxall.  Fied Beck.  J Ritchie.  J McClintock:  J T N Ileppei .j  The secretary Hedley Patriotic  Funds committee will be glad to learn  of .the. missing addresses or to* make  correction of any  errors or oinissiens.  ez.  ���������_^^-"^i-__--5-feSja-__^!_s______gsa_a  WHEN YOU ARE IPjf NEED OF  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tiykefg  .  Milk Tickets  Ball P  Posters  rog'rams  J^odgers, pates-..  GircplfiiTS"-   ' * ' "!  JiiA-italions  Busiiieds Gai'ds '  Biljs uf Fare"  Memp IJeads,  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cai-ds   -:  TRY US ������������������ WE GIVE SATISFACTION  PAINTING  PAPER-flflNGING  K/iLSOMfNG  TERMS MODcRflTE  DALY ftVE.  B___5  flEDLfcy, B.C.  l������M^ Mmrj'.T. iMWip.pitfmt.Lfjn llfiuiwimim..  DR. J. L. MASTERS  nENxrsT.  OFFICE IN COVERT /JLOCI*J.'  Oroville, Wash  Tiie .NiGKel Plate  ' Bariisf -SIiod  *���������      ' -      * ���������   -     ���������!-  r  SATISFnGTOrTy, SflNITflRy  TONSORIflL SERVICE  ������������������-.���������-1        ,i  This .shop it equipped with  l)aths and all the latest  Electrical   Ap'plin.noe**'.  W. T. BUTLER, - Prop.  -See  ^\''o I'ucn, at  j'uiifli,    litis   good  Potatoes  11 ie  Shokler  pottttoes Co sell til ,<f!20 a ton, 01  ."p'1.50 a Hack. Catch tan hep quick.  No stay long. ' Bym-by no  catch u 1 n.    Savoy?  $10.00 REWARD.  Ten Dollars Reward v,\]\ bo paid hv  the undersigned for inforinatuin tha'i  will lead so the recovery of the follyw-  the iollowiug animals wh'icli straved  rroni this raije-c at Hedley. B. C.'the  first week in Jiiije:  Onegiay niare,' 10 years old. biajid-  ed <3N*sO on light shoulder and Z>, on  Ifithij), and sucking colt.    -  One iron yray yiiavling'qplt, brai)rierl  same as piarc on right sjiouldui',  One bay 3-yoar-old (gelding, braixk'tl  curb bi idle bit 011 left hip. _  A. \V, Haih'KK, lledlev,-B. V.   _fgfsgS_f.  Synopsis of Coal'Iiiiiingl^iilatjoiis  f)OAh mining Vigli^f pf tiie Dojaiuion, ii  Y Mariitobn, Sivskatcljow'an arid' 'Alb'ei-tii;  tho 1 ukon Torrltory, -thp -Voi-tli-sVcgt* Tci:ri  tones awl in  a portion of tho ProV'ric/i of Itrt  ttfil,    /-���������nl,,*.,!.;*.     >....������.   i.'n  1 7i    .-���������...:' i.^:.- .'���������_���������.  SIMILKAMEEN LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that "Richard L Caws-  ton, the.younger, of Keremeos, cattle  Vane,ber,-iiitends.to 1 apply toi pci 1111s-  si'o.ii to lease' the- following descubtd  la'.nds; Commencing at a1' post planted  one niile ni'i-lh of the 1101 th east angle  of Lot 2030s; thei)ee.l:norl!iJ SO  ( b.uns  tioh��������� Columbia, nmy-b'eVuia.^lov^m.rw   S'S^-'flJ^'^^'f?li^T*  S������"th  twpnty-0110 years at an iinmial rontiilof $'1 an I ���������? . *v?.*!mS5 *f?('.n^S   .t'''-sP ���������.-*������ cli.uns eon  NoUce  Persons trespassing or shooting on lots 3467, 3408, 48s, 370s,  and 707*,, Camp Rest Rnncl^  will be prosecuted.  Giio. H. Cahii.l.  aero. 'Nobmore than ii.oliO acres wi   bo leased  to ono applicant.  Application for a leaso must bo iriado by the  nijplicniit in person to the Agent or Sub-Agent  or thp district in '.yhich the rights appliod for  | aro Hituuted. .���������-.���������-.  In siii-voyed tomtxiry ())v. Jaifdinust bo described by sections, or legal"sabfjiyisjonti' of  sections, and in vinsurveyed territory the t'j-'icir  applied for shall be staked out plie appjicaiij  himself.   ' ..  JGuch application must bo accompanied by  fee of So which will bo refunded-Jf the rights  appliod for aro not available, bnt-uob other  wise. A royalty sliall bo paid on the merchant  ablo output of the mino at tho rato Of five ccntu  per ton.  The person operating the mine shall furnish  the Agent with sworn roturus accounting for  the full quantity of merchantable mined  and nay the royalty thereon.   I coalmin  ing rights aro not being operated sir!   returns  should be furnished <it least once a year.  The lease will include tho coal mining rights  only,  but the' Jcssoo may be perrnitteel to pur  taming   three   "mudied 'and   twenty  acres. R,n;JHARD'"L.' CAYVSTON   *'  Dated July 10th lO'Ki    '  iWintv  )N, jfi.  60   YEARS  SXPERlENCii  chase whatover ayij,iji(,ble surface rights niay  be considered necessary for the working of tlic  mine at the rate of ������10.00 an lierc "���������' :   -.  l'*or full information application sljoidd hp  made to the Sceretary of the JJonartinonb of  tho Interior. Ottawa, or o any. Agent or Sub-,  Agent of Dominion Lauds.'  , \V. AV. t-oity. ���������     .    ,..      ,  ]>epiu*/y Minister of the Interior  i   N.B.-Unauthori'-ed pubhtati   thisadvor  sement will not bo paid for. 0 6rn  Trade Mark*-  Designs  Copyrights de-  Anyone sending aakotcli and description moi  ���������ulckly ascortnlii'our opinion free wnetbor ai<  - InrcnMon Is p-olmbly pntiiiitublo.   Coninumlen  ������������������.lonaatrlotlyoonfldontiiil. HANDBOOK o 1 IMonts  ?(jnt free. Olilest ttpency foraecunnir pnteutfl.  -��������� riitento talion throiiffli Munn & Co receive  .'2������(!taCn(i������<e,'.vrll.Iiouc chnrco, In tha .  SeKiififle; Jftfierlcaitc  Ajmndsomely lllimtratod vrdelcl7.   I.nwoot olr-  ; calation of ������ny scleiitlfln Journal.; Torn a, t'l u  four months, $1. Sold bynll newetlenlerd.  SKMILKAMJ.EN LAND   DISTRICT  Take Notice that Hem \ A Bim.Jo  ol Kei linens c.itllu t.indiei, llitemU  lo .ijipl-, lot lie mission to le,l*-( tln>  tollowing d(s( /ili(.cl laud*-:��������� ConinieiK-  ing at a iio*.i p| mtecl at the south e.isi  angle of Lot HOfls;' tlnine ������-nui|i 10  enauifa; theiue ea*.t SO c b.up*-; tin *if'j.  noith lOtbains; thence wet SO r-ii.iii._,  to the point ot roniiui nci nu tit. n|it|  (ontaiiung tluei buridied aiifltwentv  '"���������ics. HH.NRY A   BABCKLQ-  Daled July oth, 1010  *o  .s..... & Co.36iar&adw������>'.New YorS  Branch Offlw*. 6% V St.. W_������_lu*'tnn ������. 0.  SlMjIKAMKr-ISr    .AND  DISTRfCT,  Tak( Notice that Ileniv A Bnielo  of Kciemeos cuiLle lanchei, intend-,  loajiplv ioi peimisMon to lffisi ih,.  billowing de*.enbid Inn K: Couinien,.  ingatapo������i pi inted at Ihe n< itb east  angle (,t ]j0t 20S(5s I hence noilh 80  (haul'.; thence wesi 80 chain*.; theme  -ci ilh fcttJ f li.iins thence east 80 (bai  to point m onnnenceiiii ut and  taming (W0 aties  Dated July lOtb. 1010  . HENRY A. BARCELO.  P  u*.  con-  mmmsmmmmmmm^mfmmmmmw^m>������m^  riiBiiiiifiirrrrniniiri

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