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The Hedley Gazette Sep 21, 1916

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 ������������������!��������������������������������������������� ������������������������������������! ��������� "*���������*���������*���������*���������"" ��������� ���������'^""���������^^WlilMliilHMHlHall  ' V-    "     '      '    <   ' ���������' ���������".'-, ';*"-,'   -~"*'\--<*���������<������������������; j.\'; '*'.'-, , ".-. .-   i-.  -.,  \ JflS. CLARKE  Watchmaker  H ED LEY, *S.C"  Clocks and Watches for Sale.  KEREMEOS ITEMS.  Travel by Auto.  Call up Phone No. 12  u-a'  k  good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand.    11 Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to.  WOOD   FOR   SALE!  PflLflGE  Livery, Feed & Sale StaDles  it  hi Phone 12.-  HKDLKY- B. O.  P. J. INNIS  Propi letoi  N. THO-iIPP N 'l*HONK SKVMOOIlaHIS  1    MGR. WKBTK"-;^ CAN A PA "     .  Cammell Laird & Co..Ltd:  Steel Manufacturers  Sheffield, Eng.    ,  Offices and Warehouse, 817-63 Beatty Street  ,    '        Vancouver, B. C.  A. F. & A. M.  REGULAR, monthly meetings of  Hedley Lodge No. 43, A. F. & A. M.,  w are held on the second  Friday in  Bl   each month in Fraternity hall, HecUey. Visiting  I*  brethrei*- are cdirlially invited tp attend.  I*  . .H.'.SgRQULB, S.B. HAMILTON  xy. iyi .-      Secretary  *      L. O. L, \  Tl-p Regular meetings of  Hedlpy Lodge J.744 are hold on  the fUst find third Monday m  every month in the Orange Hull        ' Ladies meet 2nd and I Mondays  Visiting brcthern are cordially invited  W. LONSDALE. W. M.'  H. E. HANSON, Sec't.  l  R.  F*. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  .,Tei������ "-Jo. 2**  PENTICTON,  R. Q. DuA'vi*** 1(50  B. C.  -raj.*--*.."���������=..���������/-. .  P. W. GREGORY ;  'OlVfL  JDNQINlfilSB and BRITISH  -   COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building       -       Princeton  WALTER CLAYTON C.   E.   IIASKINR  CLAYTON & flflSKINS  Iterristers, Solicitors, E^c.  1*5   .IV    1 -L *   "'j W-   i     ��������� ^ '    ���������.      ' '      *t  ��������� -    l^fONEY TO  LQAN  -PENTICTON,        - B. C.  Hedley Opera House  fl, I, JONES, Manager  A large, commodious .hall for  dances or other entertainment.  i������*������j������*l������Jei8i������S������i8a������������i������i������'������*i������iJl������i������i������"Ja^������'5Ssa5������is"3"  ������������������������ ������>  ^X  X  Grand Union |  Hotel  X  X  X  X  HEDLEY,   British Columbia $  .... ..-     . ������  ���������   .X  ������������������-���������=������������������ M  x  X  X  X  ���������X  X  X  X  X  %  Rates���������Si.50 a Day and Up  -s -   ^"    \      * "-      ' ^   *���������  ������  ��������� F?ifst-.G|as5 AccoipraQdatioii.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Uquor and Qlgars  JS- A.   WINKLER,     Proprietor, J  * x  Al} kinds of fresh and  pured meats {"thyays on  hand. Fresh Fjsh qi*  sale   every   Thursday.  R. J. EDMOND, Prop.  :j������S  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  First Class Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Mr. O. Condit was in town on  business Thursday.  Maurice Daly made a flying-  trip to Princeton Friday.  Mrs. Taylor returned home  from the coast on Tuesday's  train.     -.      .      . '       ,  -��������� -  Mrs. Shendan of Cawston  visited with Mrs. Harrison on  Thursday.'  Mr. Geo. Riddle of Hedley  was in town Saturday ' for a  short time.  Mr. and Mrs. F. -Howse of  Princeton motored through  town on" Sunday.    " '\  Mr. Coleman motored to Penticton, Fairview and Okanagan  Falls on Saturday.  Mr. Greer of Penticton passed  through town on Monday with  a couple of passeng.ers.  Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Qrooker  of Similkameen wore h\ town  Thursday and spent the day. '"  Grouse season opened on Friday and many hunters were out  very ei\vly, returning with good  success*,  -  Mrs. Bromley pf the Richter  estate lower ranch is visiting  with friends in Keremeos for a  short time.  : D. C. Walmsley of Conco-  nully, Wash., passed through  town Monday, accompanied %  hisfathprojt'^erQiito."  " Miss SeweJl of tho Similkameen school and Miss, IWood of  the Cawston ������choQl wore visi-  tpj-s fa Kerei^eQs qi*) Saturday.  '- Mr.; McGuffie of Ortmbrook is"  hero on a short- visit -with Mr.  ^iid-Mra, Clai'ko of Urba Villa.  Mrs. McGufiie arrived some few  weeks ago.  Mr. and Mrs. Lauchniond of  Greenwood and Mr. Norcross  of Copper mom-turn passgd  through to Copper mountain  on Monday.  Mr. Wm. Vader, who has been  **} vkavge of the section tjetwgpn  hprt" ^nii Bradshaw for gome  years, moved with his family Iq  Midwav this vyeek, w-hpye" lle  has accepted a position with the  k."v! ������.'"���������"'  Qr Satuvdny evening Mi>. and  Mrs. Carlo entertained at dinner Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay of  Okanagan, Wash., and Mr. and  Mrs. T. Daly of Island Lodge.  Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay leave for  their home ne*st Wf'ek. -  Mr. Wagenhauser, wife and  family pf Penticton, accompanied by IVIiss JJessie Thompson, who has just returned frcjin  the Toronto Conservatory of  M\isic, visited with Mrs. Kirby  )\nd daughters* on Sunday,  Don't forget the Thanksgiving Dinner to be held in the  Town Hall ,on Monday, Oct.  9th, by the Ladies' Aid. Wo  have all been there before and  know of all the good eats the  ladies provide, so come again.  ���������Mr. J. D. Smith, after spending his holidays here, left for  Nelson on ' Monday's train.  While hpi-e. Mr. Smith had the  plpai-'ure of que duty's, g*:quse  liquting, 4i,nd pamed in from  the hills nine beautiful blue  ones.  Mr.     Adams     of    Princeton  not seen for thirteen years, anb?  pthers, again, on whom a last!  ing gloom had settled. I  Little Haliburton Tweedle ofi  Keremeos  Center  met  with  a  very  painful  accident on Monday.    While he aud his mother  were  out with  a  team one of  the horses took  fright at something, throwing them both out  and breaking the little fellow's  arm above the  elbow.    Dr. McEwen happened to be in  town  and he soon had the little fellow  resting as  comfortably as possible.  The regular monthly meeting  of the  women's Institute  was  held last Thursday at thc Institute rooms with a7r   attendance  of thirty-eight members.    As it  was   election    day   it   almost  looked as if votes  for women  were already in vogue.   The report given  by the  delegate to  the conference was  very interesting and enjoyed by all.    The  Institute is again giving donations  to  patriotic  work as follows: fifty dollars  to prisoners  of war, and have started  with  $25, a   fund for returned  and  disabled soldiers, and also sending for more material for garments for Red -Cross  purposes.  Two   papers    read   were   very-  much appreciated by the, members, "The Praise Exchange'' by  Mrs.   Geo,   Tickle,""  and    '"For  Home  and   Country,"  by Miss  Cameron. The membership now  is    sixty-four.      The    meeting-  closed   with  singing  God Save  the King, after  which  refreshments were served by  the hostesses  for  the day, Mrs, Koeler  and Mrs, Vader. -  ���������  A'll theforegoingshould be addressed  B. E. p., Prance.  IN*  ENGLAND.  Dr-ivei- C Snundi'i's, ;4*-iS8i, O Bait. D  Sul> 150, Brigade Anny P O, London,  wounded.  T Calvert, 00 Chart R D, Polkstone,  Kent, Army P O London.  Liftiit A'E Denman, R G A, Ilarwick  Essex, Eng.  Cor-pl WH Henderson, 703872, No i  Coy, 102nd batt, CEP, Army P O,  London.  Homer MnLetui, 707125, Trims sec,  103id batt, Army P O, London.  Wm McAlphine, 7S3I88,  No  1 Coy,  103nd batt, C E P, Ar my P O, London.  I    N Pickard, A  Coy  11th C M Ii, C E  F, Army P O, London.   ������  A B S Stanley, 532763, 13th Can.  Field Ambulance, Army P O, London.  IX   CANADA.  W R Bui rows, ()SS2������(", 172nd batt,  C E I'VVi-r-nori, B C.  Dan Dev.-ine, Edgewood, B "C.  J Donovan, 6th Field Engineeis.  L-Coipl W It Re.scorl, 031108"; 225tli  batt. D Coy, Vei non.  J Cnsy, t6lh Field Engineers, V-il-  c-artiei, PQ. '   o  DOMICILE NOT KXO"VN.  -J Stapleton.  Ge Boxall.  FiedBeck.  -   J Ritchie.  J McClintock.  JTNHepper.J  ,   Thc    secretary    Hedley    Patriotic  Funds committee will be glad to learn  ofothe  missing  addresses or to make  eorrectron of any  ei-iors or omiss.iens.  Intense heat-resisting* power is the feature of the almost''  imperishable fire-box linings of our own McClary semi-  steel fire-box made in eight pieces���������can't warp.  M  The man who designed the Kootenay knew his job  ��������� I  know that avA that is why it carries my guarantee *f ^elT  as the makeis*.  j  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.      .   '  \ y������i.*s  Modasty.  When every pool in Eden was a mirror  That unto  Eve  her dainty chaims  proclaimed,  She.  went  undr-aped  witl-ot-t a single  Thoi-ght  that sire   bad   need  to   he  as ha tried.  'Twas  only   when  she'd  eatpeii   of the  apple  That she   l)eei-.i'ie  irrelined   to   be  a  jjii-ude,  Ariel ftnmd th.-it ever more  she'd   have  to giaj-^le  Willi ^������ luueli debuted problem of  the nude.  Thereafter she devoted, her liUentjun,  Vlvv tiifle iipd all   her money to her  clothes,  And that was the beginning of con ven-  li.in,  And inedesty as well, I suppose.  Reaction's    come   about   in   fashion-,  recent;  Nj>\v g.irls (iotitiunl  M)  little from I lie  men, ������  It would   seem, in   name   of  all that's  decent,  Some one ought  to pass tire nf-ples  'round again..  ���������.Ohii-agp Mii-ie New>.  The Election.  Tho revised returns give a  larger Liberal representation in  the legislature than published  last week. It is not likely the  soldier vote will change the  representation in half a dozen  constituencies, oven if 75 pet-  cent of the voto is Conservative.  In Slocan the soldier vote will  probably elect Nelson, the Lib-  bral candidate.  SIM 1LK ASHMEN*" BID ING,  Booze. \V. Si'i*.  S,    C.    F. A.    F.   A.  Tn 1,-miieei-|. . ,,,,.    9    19  Coa.lniount      14      3  lJrlneelon   S2  10S  Copper Mountain    9    16  the  summer  of  1860, going  to  Cariboo  io   1861.   where  he remained until  1877, when he returned    to    the ' Similkameen  country. He explored the-head-  waters of the Similkameen and  Tulameen  rivers   and  the   big  plateau and the country lying  between  the Similkameen and  Fraser rivers  for  the   greater  part  of fifteen   summers,  and  knows that country better than  any man living.  -He has been fairly active this  season, having made two trips  to Summit camp and has been  twice to fche^hoadwaters of the  Similkameen and* up over the  big plateau.  '"I first took in along with  me some Seattle people and afterwards *��������� Spokane people, and  we staked and recorded for the  first time the Rare Metal I discovered in 1877. It is not ore  at'all; it  is  a  pure blue black  a  very  rich  shoot running as  high as $7.60 to* the ton.    I  discovered this,  too,  in 1877," and  staked and recorded it four different times, but 0 could  never  carry it through.    I think" the  Spokane people, will now carry  it through.    This  is the richest  portion   of   British   Columbia,  but the  country is  very rough  and  there  is no   trail   of<; any  kind, and  the1 government has  has , never yet given any ..help  towards opening up- this veiy  rich country, but I feel certain.  that as soon as we  get  started v  with the work, the government'^  will  build  trails  into  this-dis-"  trict.    I  am   now 78-years vbf ;  age, but I want to see  this rich1 *  district  opened  up while I am -*  living,  for   there   are   quite  a  number of  other discoveries I  made that have not been staked,  or known by any one else.".  [Considerable more---hifornia-*:i',,'fo*-^  V-.-j|(  ���������<. -fT'ij  -if  I  metal and as pure as a $20 gold  tion was given-by  Mr.' -Steven-^  99  15  2  50  12  SO 122  12 19  4 3  46 72  12 16  53  6  3  '23  7  Voigt's Camp...    3 3  Hedley...,..,,,  f,4 -*���������  Nic!'r.l_ IMato     7, 17  Kereineos ....    53 39  Green Moiint<|in.    6 D  Pentigton ."-221   170 275  112 267  112  Kfiieden   20 6  Okanagan Falls.   33 S    14    20 , 26    23  Eairview   41 14    27    25    35    IS  ToUll 552 453 ...  Majority  99  THE   PROVINCE.  c.  pfissecl through town Mquday  with his wife and fondly \yho  nave been visiting in tlie east  for tbo summer, and was accompanied by the Misses Hazel  Whilmns and Mary Young of  Princeton.  If we could have read the  countenances on Friday morning after the election it would  have taken most of our space  to record (the different' expressions, some having smiles that  their friends  claim  they hav*f-  Hedley Roll of Honor.  PIP. & J- **?��������� iMw-mls, killed in  notion,  Pte Ebent'Ki-i* W Vans; died in hospital.  L Corp Blair Mills, killed in action.  Pie. Arthur Coles (Military Cross)  died of wounds.  IN l*ItAN"CE  AND .BB1.U1UM."  T. Corrigan, -I488A7,' C Co, 51 th halt.  R'Corrigan,-tr'iOtb,' ''.".'' "  "W. Fiilii'ier " ������������������  J|?i-a.ri*re,. ���������_*������ .1  J^i-we^HSSlt),     ' "*s (���������  Sig. sectiop.  Sergt A W -Jack, -14890]  L:Cnrpl T C Knowles, 448840. scout  section     C   Oo,   3Uh   batt.   B   E   F.  A P  Martin,  443919    "  Rod McDougail, -II3&52,  Bobby Roberlson, 44:*59B4,  E J J^otherham, 4-l:i8,U ��������� .". sig P,  B..A Shuhei-t,-443Sf{0,'   . '���������'  J Staplefop  ^���������povp) {Q Ohristiannla, 48219, M G  see, loth batt, 3rd brigade, B. "flj F,  J Corrigan, 75913, 2.!)th bait, flth brigade.  E J A Dollemore, No 2 Coy, 2nd Oan  Engineers.  Dan Poll?mote, same.  Arthur Freeman, 430237, 10th ball,  2nd brigade. .  'I(Q<i*{:pl A{>( 1'^ J-ioomhs, 107338, 2nd  0 M R, B Squad, 2nd  Div,  L Oorpl \V Liddicoat, 7tb batt,*2nd  Brigade.  Cor-pl M J Meher, 443808, No 1 T G}  1st R C Engini'ei���������**.  Sergt Wiu Tucker,   7.M)2(5. M C Sec,  Albcrni    Atlin   Cariboo ..   .'   Chilliwapl^,....,,,,.,,   Powichan   Columbia   Coinox     o  Cranbrook     n  Delta   I^ev^dnuy...,    ���������..-...-..  Esquimau   Fort George ......  Fernie.. .,.,,,   ,, , ..  Qi'Bcnwyod      Grand Forks.  Islands ......   .....  Kamloops   Kaslo.   Lillooet.   Nanaimo ,..,,  NelsQR,   North Okanagan...  South Okanagan... .  Newcastle...,,,   lyJiy WesUiiinster....  Omineca............  Prince Rupert.,',. . ,,  Rcyels,U\kc,,,,,,,,.,  Hasslaiul : ....  Richmond..'.   Saanich   Similkameen   Trail    North Vancouye*-. . ,  South Y;-*ieauyei-. ,,,  Slocan., , ,. ,      Vancouver   Victoria |...  Yale   ���������    9  6  0  1  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  0  \  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  0  1  1  0  0  I  0  0  0  L.  1  I  1  1  0  1  1  ������  i  1  I  0  1  1  1  1  1  1  0  1  0  1  0  1  1  I  0  6  4  1  39  piece,   but not  the same color.  It is very  tough   but  not very-  hard.    More than twenty years  ago,   while  in  Now  York city,  I called   on  Professor   Mills   of  the school of minus.    I had met  him  before,  and   after  telling  him the  story  of  the  metal  I  had discovered, he said he would  stake his reputation that it was  one of the very rare metals and  J worth   teiwthousand  dollars a  pound.    I had cut  out  a  piece  of about half a   pound,  but on  our return trip to  Hope the. Indian lost it, and although I have  been back there seven different  times  1  have  never   yet  beeu  able to get any more of it," as it  has to be workod at   the lowest  stage of water, und I expect to  work  it  in  company   with Seattle   people   and  I   will  take  charge of the men myself.    We  alHO staked and recorded my old  mine,   better    known    as    tho  "Stevenson Lost Mine," although  it was never lost to me.    It was  in 1S77 that I discovered   it and  the  first assay;   I had made in  the    government   assay   ofiice5  Victoria, gave $19694: to the ton  and a box of ore. I sent  to  San  Francisco wont, $13200, and for  ���������-.ix other assays all  went  high  in the thousands.    It's telluride  ore  and  is'chiefly   in gold, but  the government would   not assist me .in  any   way  nor  build  any trails, so   I'allowed people  to   think   for    nearly     twenty  years that it  was  lost and that  is why it'is  still  known   as the  Lost'Stevenson  Mine.    It  was  tlie first quartz  claim   recorded  in   Yale   district,   for   William  Tague,   the government  agent  at-that time, had  to get a new  book of records and  in it made  the  first  record.    This   was  39  years ago,    I think that myself  and  Seattle friends  will go on  and   open  it   up.    It  is  about  forty miles from Princeton in a  straight line and  On   the   big  plateau.     . .  "I took in the Spokane people  and we started the big dyke. It  is 1500 feet wide and one and a  half  miles  long.    It  goes $5.25  Visions from the Past.  Last week we had a visit from  the -yetemn explorer, prospector and mining man, Colonel  Robert Stevenson, who owns  mining properties on the Nickel  Plate 'mountain, and in many  parts of the district. He came  to the Similkameen   river with  ���������"o"     *~ "���������*   C5v"^*~' *'���������"'���������'���������*^������-'   iif*   Tin  in gold and is free  milling w^th years.  son, Avhich  it is  not advisable \  to publish.    Real estate sharks  might swarm in from the coast  and stake the  whole  bally plateau.    In  so   rich   a  district  it  is good policy to locate sufficient  land on which to  conduct mining  operations  witheut crowding.    Mr.  Stevenson  should go .  into the district and locate land  and water rights, and then.let"  the real-estaters and land-grabbers do their worst.���������Ed.]  Mrs. C. P. Dalton  is spending-  a month at the coast.  New Fall Hats and Dress  Goods have arrived at the Hedley Trading Company's store.  The  Misses  Pansy Bush and   *  Bessie  and   Helen    Richter   of  Keremeos were up for the dance  Friday night.  This    week   W.   A.   McLean  started  work  on  the  road  up "  Ashnola creek to  the  tungsten  property.  W. C. Graham, Mrs. Graham  aud family of Northport,Wash.,  are visiting Mrs. John Jackson,  Mrs. Graham's mother.  On September 13 a quarterly  dividend of 3 per cent and an  additional dividend* of 2 per  cent was declared by the Hedley Gold Mining company,.pay-  able Saturday, Sept.  30th, 1916.  W. T. Butler left for Spokane  Monday with some mining "options in bis clothes which he  intends to transfer to an east- ~  ern syndicate. He will be gone  about a month.  A farewell dance to Dr. and  Mrs. McEwen was given in the  opera house Friday evening at  which there was a large attendance. G. P. Jones made a short  speech expressing the esteem in  in which the doctor was held in ,  the com renin it.y. The doctor  replied briefly. Refreshments  were served by the ladies and  the band furnished the music.  The sidewalks on Sixth street  Avere started this week. Boeing  & Brass have charge of the  work. So far no kicks have  been registered at this office in  reference to workmanship or  progress being made, although  we drew; the attention of a.  Grit to two new 3-ineh nails on  the ground. ] He didn't overlook  the bet, just pocketed the nails*:r: /  Many nails. a,rid reputationsfwill^ )  be pocketed in  the next fouc-  ���������VI  *t-l  1  &  .^8  -   1 .   , ,.'-���������."���������'.".v   'i'j HJ.*  mm >������������������-"��������� '.?���������><���������:���������<'���������  9,  ''I'    ,- ..  THE  GAZETTE.  HEDLEY.  B.  J  ���������wa  Ontario Veterinary- College  Under the ooutiul of thc Ucuaitracnl of Agriculture of Ontario���������Bslabli.'ihed 1842  AiMi-tnl Willi Ths Ua'.im'Ar of Toron'o.        Coileye v.ill ieopen ou Monday tlie!2������d of Octobor, 191$.  110 University Avenue, Toronto,   Canada.     Calendar    on    Application  [ij E. A. A. Grange, V.S., M.S., Principal  l^araB-**-**^^  P  reducing* Timothy  The  Farther  North  a   Crop   Can Be  Made  to  Grow  thc Better  the Seed.  Tlie Department of Agriculture for  Alberta lias issued a bulletin on timolliy seed production that appears  timely. It gives the market demands,  extent of consumption, sources of  production and information with regard **to soil preparation, seeding  harvesting, threshing and marketing.  '1 he gist of the bulletin, however,  is the emphasis il puts on ihc opportunity for the western seed-grower.  Canada requires 600,000 or 700,000  bushels, and* imports two-thirds of  ^tIiis from "the States, where it is  grown,in $100 or $150 lands aud pays  a seventeen and a half per cent, war  tariff. Why not produce il at home,  on cheap lands for an open or even  protected market and of a quality  that itself can defeat competition?  The Alberta kernel is very plump,  bright and attractive.  In  relation  to  the  gener  farm  seed   production  in Alberta  the  bulletin  contains  the  following interest ing* paragraph:  "Independent of local or temporary conditions which favor the production of seed "there arc general and  fundamental reasons why the special  work of seed production over the  whole scries of field crops should  become thoroughly established^ in  the province. Tl is a recognized  principle in seed production that lhc  farther north a crop can bc made to  grow bountifully and mature satisfactorily the better constiliilioned thc  seed is. This has already been demonstrated in Western Canada with  lespect to thc cereals. Alberta Red  advanced perceptibly on the Turkey  J\CC  from   Kansas  as   lo  size  of kcr-  The Princess Pats  Reinforcements    for    Princess    Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry  Arc   Needed.  For     more   than   a  year     now   the  P.P.C.L.I,  have been    receiving reinforcements from  Canada in  thc form  of the Universities Companies.      Thc  first of these Companies lcfl for England   in   .May,     1915,  and  since    that  time five Companies in all have been  recruited     up   lo   strength    and   sent  forward    to     England    for      further  training, and arc now with thc Princess  Pats at  the front.  These have been exceptional companies in "many ways. High authorities regarded thc first Universities  Company as one of the best trained  units that has lcfl Canada. The companies that followed also maintained  that high standard, so that thc Universities Companies became well  known and respected throughout the  camps in England. When a draft is  needed for the P.P.C.L.I., the officers  il work of'0^ l**'lt- regiment arc always glad to  know that there arc men of thc Universities Companies waiting in England   for  their  turn  to,cross  over  One remarkable feature of their  splendid standard of training is that  Ihcy proceeded overseas and got to  the front more quickly perhaps than  any other unit. Thc first two companies were in France in less than  two months after leaving Canada.  jTlic convpanics that followed got  i over just as quickly. The second  company started recruiting on May  1st, 1916, and was in France August  23 rd,  1916.  The men of these companies have  not necessarily been University nicn  or graduates, but rather men of that  type, such as bank clerks, business  men, architects, and so forth. The  standard of men largely accounts for  thc fact that they have not required  the long* and tedious training essentia!  to  other units.    There have also  lieutenants  in  thc   ranks   of   these   companies,   men  Prussians Tired of War  ncl, quality of content and weight per  hi'slicl. The Alberta oat has practically     made   a     new     standard     of  weight per bushel  fashionable for lhc j u'cCV mair'v     qualified  greatest   of   feed   grains,     Good   seed j '  is   the  first     condition   to     successful I  After     Coming   Into   Contact     With  Britain's New Army, Are Glad  to Be Made Prisoners.  Philip Gibbs, of thc London Daily  Chronicle, writing from thc British  front after the smashing of the Prussian Guards, said: A large number of  prisoners were taken, and they came  straggling back over the battlefield in  miserable little groups. Some of  them carried our wounded on  stretchers or on their backs, and our  men  carried their wounded.  They were the remnants of thc  third Prussian Guards division, which  had been so utterly broken that it  no longer 'exists as a fighting unit.  Those who did not fall into our hands  have been withdrawn from the line.  The morale of I he men, as well as  thc fighting force, has been smashed.  Even thc officers admit that. They  have no more stomach for the fight,  and several, men with whom I spoke  today were frank in saying they were-'  glad to bc prisoners, to be safe, at  last, from thc frighlfulncss of this  war. Some of them told mc that liter leaving Valenciennes a Sew days  ago after our attack started they  were brought to Cambrai, and while  lhc officers were sent on by motorcycle they marched a-long distance  through an unknown country to thc  front. They did not know the names  of thc villages they passed. Their  officers had no maps, and they had  an ominous feeling that they were  going to their doom, but the strength  of our artillery and its deadly accuracy of aim surprised them. They did  not know thc English had such gunners.  Still more were they surprised by  thc dash of our infantry, as they  heard they had against them the men  of the new army. Thc Prussian  prisoners belonged chiefly to thc  Lchr Grenadiers and Fusiliers, thc  All   Guards  division,  the  70th Jaeger  Farming by Reflection  of  The Man Who    Hustles Instead  Dreaming  Is  the  One  Who  Usually Succeeds.  Every section has its easy-chair  farmers who think they arc philosophers. They arc great on thc phrase  "Know thyself!" and they waste  hours meditating on their mental and  moral-insides under thc delusion that  they arc finding out about themselves  and adding to the sum of human understanding.  That phrase "Know thyself" goes  back to the heathen gods; it was .n-  scribed in gold letlcrs over thc portico of the temple at Delphi. But it  is about as easy to know yourself  from studying yourself as it is to lift  yourself over a rail fence by your  own bootstraps.  There's Brown, a farmer of broad  reading and high intelligence, a deep  thinker, who studies it all out and  cogitates, but somehow or other  doesn't get results and doesn't get  ahead.' There's White, who has limited education and who never bothers about knowing himself, but who  gels into action thc minute hc opens  his eyes and keeps going until hc finishes his day, and somehow hc moves  into a sense of power and ^self-reli-  ance and success that nobody can  doubt.  Farming by reflection is about as  useful as trying to grow crops by last  'night's sunset. Action���������tackling thc  demand of thc hour, learning by doing���������is the way to knowledge as well  as to dollars.���������Thc Country Gentle  man.  Tiring, Ceaseless Back-Ache Cured  -    - Can Be Rubbed Away'To-Nigfj  Relief is Almost Unfailing*  from Even the First  ���������Application  RUB ON NERVILINE  Cold has a vicious way of finding  out aching muscles or weak joints.  Mow often pain settles in the back,  causing inflammation and excruciating soreness. Stiffness and aching all  over  follows.  An application of Ncrvilinc at thc  start gives immediate relief and prevents worse trouble.  . When thc pain is very acute, Ncrvilinc has a chance to show its wonderful penetrating and pain-subduing  power. It strikes in.deeply, and its  strik"c-in-dccp quality quickly proves  its superiority lo feebler remedies'.  Then  this   goodness  is   magnified  by  -,.    \  *  ' '    i  its strength, easily five times greaf'-  than  most  liniments.  Surely so powerful and curativtfl  liniment as Ncrvilinc offers pcrff  security against ��������� pain.  Ncrvilinc is the only, guaranti)  pain remedy sold in Canada. Foi  years of success in many counlrj,  warrants its manufacturers' sayi*(<  If it docs not relieve, get your nroiji  back.  No curable pain, not even neuij  gia, lumbago,' sciatica or rhcumatijj  can resist the magic power of N|J  vilinc. Try it today.' Rub it on y-ffl  tired back, let it case your sore ml"  cles, let it take lhc swelling and"si  ncss out of youi" joints. It's a. ill  v'el���������thousands say so that use NJ  vilinc. {|  The large 50c family size bottle  Ncrviline   is   more   economical  - ti  the' 25c   trial   size.     Buy   thc   lar$  size   today.-   SolcL by   dealers   cvqj  where,     or    thc 'Catarrhbzone " '  Kingston,   Canada. ***  <i\  Sleep is thc great nourishcr of infants, and without peaceful sleep the  child will no't thrive. This cannot be  got "if thc infant bc troubled with  worms. Miller's Worm Powders will  destroy worms and drive them from  thc system, and afterwards thc child's  rest will be undisturbed. The powders cannot injure-the most delicate  and the fOlh, 114th, and 190th' rc"gi-lbaby, and there is nothing so effec-  m'ents  of  the line.     Some  of them  I   live  for    restoring  the    health   of  a  ,      . . , ,, ,     who   have   preferred   to   go   overseas  production ol* crops.    Alberta cereals ,;it  Qncc ;n  c0       n*al  comp;my rathcr  already   finding     then*   way   ess   !than wait ab(n,t hl Canada for a pos.  sccc    siblc   commission./'  ������re already hireling incir way  and south through wholesale  houses. The value of seed is a  question of constitution depending  upon symmetry and perfection in  kernel.- Thc recognized plumpness  of the Alberta timothy kernel is the  latest evidence of thc fitting and inevitable survival of northern grown  seed. There is every reason to expect that wc shall have a general development'-in the special production  of seed in all field crops including  cereals, grasses and alfalfa. The  combination of advantages represented iu cheap 'land, suitable soil and  climate and unlimited markets makes  failure in the work practically impossible under  reasonable  management."  "Like a Belfast riot on top of Vesuvius," is an Irish, soldier's description of the fight for the German  trenches.  Russians With Canadians.  Information     has     been     obtained  from  thc  Russian  government  rcprc- j report  lo^ headquarters saying that- if  sentatives     regarding     thc   stains   < f  These men, many of them, have  received commissions on thc other  side, and their practical experience  at the front has added greatly to their  influence. Il is rather remarkable  that at least ten of lhc officers of thc  P.P.C.L.I, arc men who have risen  from thc ranks of thc Universities  Companies. ���������  These men, loo, have shown that  though many of them come from  positions that unaccustonr_ them to  fatigue and hardship, can 'stand any  rough work as well as the next man,  and perhaps a little belter. Whenever there is some task which has  lo bc done quickly and well, it is always the P.P.C.L.I, who arc wanted  for  thc  work.  On one occasion, when the Engineers gave an estimate on a certain piece of work as requiring six  weeks, they received a fatigue party  for the first two nights from the  Princess  Pats.     They  then  sent  in  a  Russians serving in the Canadian Expeditionary force instead of- returning to Russia to enlist. Wc arc authorized to say that their service  with any allied forces will be  taken as service with the Russian army, and, further, will bc  taken as putting in so much service  with the Russian forces. Any such  men who become incapacitated  through wounds or sickness and receive their honorable discharge from  thc Canadian government will bc recognized as a complete, discharge  from their obligations for further  service with  the Russian  forces.  they could have thc same fatigue  party for three wcSks thc work would  be done in that time. In the big  scrap at Hoogc thc showing of thc  Universities Company men under  very trying conditions was really  wonderful, and they all received thc  unqualified praise of their officers.  Another Universities Company is  recruiting at present in-. Montreal." Already a draft of fifty men and one  officer have proceeded overseas. Another draft will soon bc sent, and  there is room for a few more good  men  on   this  draft.  Of   the     draft     of   fifty  men     that  spoke to were Poles from Silesia  They arc tall men of good physique,  wcll~--fcd and some of them middle  aged and fathers of families.. They  correspond lo the French territorials.  They spoke of their wives and children and their dazed eyes���������for they  were just down from thc field of fire  ���������lighted up at lhc thought of going  home  again  after  thc  war.  "God send a quick ending to the  war," said one of them, and he spoke  the words as a prayer with hands upraised.     ���������       , l  Farm Grafters  Ravages of Parasites  on  Farm  Anl-  .    mals Should Bc Checked.  To graft is to live at thc expense  of someone else. If the one at whose  expense thc grafting is done knows  of it and consents to it, then no-crime  has "been done. If it is done without  his knowledge and consent, then it  becomes a crime���������graft in the full  sense or meaning of the word. But  in cither case thc grafter is what'is  known  by-another  name���������a  parasite.  Thc parasites found on farm animals and plants arc criminal grafters  and should bc dealt with accordingly.  When found, thc extreme penalties  of thc laws of war should bc visited  upon Ihciu, for farming is a war as  well as a business. '  If there is anyrtimc of the year  when thc chickens should be watched  carefully tor lice and mites, thc  worst grafters in thc poultry business, it is right now. Thc warm weather stimulates their growth and dc-~  vclopnrcnt. Thc chickens arc rendered more or less indolent by the summer heat, so Ihcy do not light these  pests as hard as on more comfortable days, nor do they rustic so hard  for food. Thc hot weather is in itself enough for them to have to fight  against without having lo feed these  grafters with their very life's blood.  Among the livestock, chickens arc  more apt to suffer from thc ravages  of parasites or grafters than any  others. And Ihcy should be watched  carefully and given every aid possible;    especially    thc    young    stock,  worm-worn infant.  went across, five of them had passed   which   is   now   building   the   founda-  their   qualifications   for  the     rank   of  lieutenant.       Several    more have  enlisted since thc draft left.  Thc company has very comfortable  quarters in thc buildings*.of the Mc-  Gill University. It has also the use  of  the  University grounds for'train-  lion for its future usefulness. Spray  their quarters thoroughly with a  strong insecticide, If you find them  constantly picking at themselves,  give their bodies a thorough treatment with some good and patient insecticide.      For    thc    good  of your  As the   acorn  grows   to  Noe the mighty oak, so children,   when   rightly nour-  - ished, grow to be sturdy-  men and women.  Goad flavor and the essential nourishing elements  for mental and physical development of children are  found in the famous food-  Made of whole wheat ahd  malted barley, this pure food  supplies'all the nutriment of  the grains in a most easily  digested form.  ' It dees the heart good to  see little folks enjoy Grape-  Nuts and cream.  "There's a Reason"  Sold by Grocers  Canadian rostiim Cereal Co., Ltd,.  Windsor, Out.  ing  purposes.       The  mountain- also, i poultry business, get  rid of the graf-  just behind the grounds, forms a very ] tcrs. ���������������������������'.. ���������.-     ���������  convenient   and   interesting place   for {  ��������� /  field  work.      Thc  company also  has! Adopt the Metric System  the   advantage of   having    headquar-j     Thc nation is iu thc mood for fac.  tcrs in Eastern Canada and so avoids  the-difficulties     of transportation     to  Typhoid Toxins  Simple    Precautions    That,   Can  Be  Taken  to  Guard  Against  Infection. ���������     .   '  The rules for protection against vacation   typhoid,  as  laid  down  by  thc  New    York    State      Department    of  Health, are as  follows:  1. Patronize only resorts that have  a safe water supply and approved  modern   sanitary   arrangements.  2. Address a letter lo "The Health  Dfficcr of the village or town to  which you contemplate going and  ask him if the water and mi-Ik supply  are safe and if the sewage is dis-  posca  of in a proper way.  3. Use only water that has been  boiled or otherwise purified for  drinking  or  culinary  purposes.  4. -Drink  only  pasteurized   milk.  5. Protect all food from flics and  other insects by screening doors and  windows. __  6. Sec that all outhouses arc fully  piolcctcd from flics-by screens.  7. Thoroughly wash in pure water all fruits and vegetables eaten  raw.  S. Wash thc hands, using nail  brush  freely, before  eating.  9. Before leaving for vacation, submit to typhoid inoculation. It usually protects about four years.  Minard's   Liniment   Co.,  Limited.  Gentlemen,���������I have used MINARD'S LINIMENT on my vessel  and in my family for years, and for  thc every-day ills and accidents, of  life I consider it has no equaj. I  would not start on a voyage, without it, if it cost a dollar a bottle.  CAPT.   F.   R.   DESJARDIN.  Schr.   Storke,    St.  Andre,     Kamour-  aslca.  Big Prizes of War  Officers  and   Crew  of- H.M.S. 'Highflier Get Large Sums for Sinking  German Boat  The officers and crew of-'H.M.S.  Highbyer have been awarded $12,900  in prize money for sinking the.German auxiliary cruiser, Kaiser Wil-  helm dcr Grossc. The commander  of the Highflyer slated that - hc  caught up to the enemy while she  was sailing at full speed. He signalled her to" surrender, but she at  once opened fire upon hrm, and so  hc sank her. She had a crew of 500  on board, all of whom were saved.  ^In thc case of a neutral vessel, thc  Hakan, belonging to Sweden, whose  cargo of 3,238 barrels of herrings was  consigned to , a- German port, the  judge held that the owners of the  vessel knew what use their ship was  put to. Half the cargo was subject  to confiscation, and he held that she  was a lawful prize of war. The same  judge, Sir* Samuel Evans, condemned  as prize of war in a Prize Court thc  enormous quantity of 6,000 tons of  rice, worth $609,200, seized on four  Scandinavian steamers, Jeanne, Vera,  Forsvik and Albania. His lordship  found that though destined, ostensibly for a Scandinavian consign'c,  Tycho Robcrg, the rice was intended  for the German Government for thc  provisioning of thc military forces.  Infantile Paralysis  -Jl  point     of  embarkation,  strength.  when  up   lo  ing important changes. The war has  taught us to drop many of our insular habits. If wc dropped our insular system of coinage, weights and  Any enquiries as to enlistment aud ("measures, it would be a great boon  overseas service should be sent to j lo ourselves and to all our customers  the Officer. Commanding_6tli Umvcr- alld correspondents throughout the  silrcs Company, Molson Hull, McGill   world, wherever thc metric system is  University, .Montreal. Transporta  lion from outlying points is forwarded after applicants arc medically examined and declared fit. Recruits  will bc welcomed in Montreal at any  time. Come overseas and do your  bit with the Canadian regiment that  has   been   longest  at  the  iron't.    '  W.     N.     U.  1119  Minard's Liniment  Cures Diphtheria.  Prices of Dairy Cattle in New York  One of thc best grade dairy herds  in Otsego County N.Y., wa's, says  The American Agriculturist, sold by  auction at an average of $82.50, one  cow selling up to $133. At four auctions held in one week in Chenango  and Delcware counties the average  price realized was $65. Single sales  of picked cows arc frequently made  at $100.  Hector: What did your father say  when you told him I was a war correspondent?  hnogene: He said hc would give  you "something to write about if you  didn't leave early tonight.  Tattered Tim: I've been tramprh'  four years, ma'am, an' it's all 'cause  I heard .the doctors recommend  walkin  as  thc  best  exercise.  Mrs. Prim: Well, thc doctors are  right.    Walk along.  in vogue. Our existing system is a  serious handicap to British trade in  all thc foreign markets. It is a  source of much exasperation and loss  of custom. The metric system is superior from every conceivable point  of view. The day for stubbornly adhering to a worse, because it flatters  out* insular pride, has gone by. Great  Britain cannot afford to begin thc  new regime with the old millstone  round her neck, and wc therefore  appeal to the government that when  they consider how lo give effect vo  the Paris recommendations, thcy  will boldly adopt the metric system.  -���������London Telegraph.  Somewhat Mixed.  A political speaker, warning the  public against the imposition of a  heavier tariff on imports, said: "If  you don't stop shearing thc wool off  the sheep that lays the golden egg  you'll pump it dry."  First Senior: What will'you do  after you graduate? . Hunt a joo*1  Second Senior: I fhall associate myself with some . firm of established  reputation. . ....  Unhappy Germany.  Germany is not without conceit of  herself, but she is painfully cognizant  of thc fact that "in wars of exhaustion thc more numerous are likely to  win if thc contest is prolonged. Germany and her allies number 160,000,-  000 , and they arc fighting double  their number of white,.men, to say  nothing of the assis'lanqc coming  from the brown and the black. They  hoped to gain a military decision.  They do not sec it on the horizon.  They have spent thc military'capital  [heirs through superior preparation.  They'still, want to believe that on thc  defense they will bc able to hold back  the tide surging about them, but they  arc realists enough to know that the  result is at best uncertain. It is  doubts arising spontaneously in "German minds rathcr than those introduced from without that lhc. German  Government is seeking to allay. Germany wishes to hear of the ncgotia-'  tion of a peace that will bc a mere  truce. The outside world wishes to  hear that "a revolution has. occurred  in Germany and that the Hohenzol-  lern dynasty and Hohcnzollern policy-  arc no  more.���������New York Globe.  Why not call the new. shade of red  dye brought over from Germany '-y  the Dculschland "Lusitania crimson," or "Arabic scarlcl"?���������B.oston  Transcript.  Minard's  Liniment -Cures  Distemper.  Teaching a Boy to Swim  What  to  Do  and  What   Not  to  Do  to Establish  Confidence in *  the Beginner.  There is a prevailing notion, especially among a certain type of fathers, that the* surest and quickest  way to teach a boy to swim is to  "throw him in over his head and let  him . 'go to it.' " Probably a surer  way to destroy a boy's confidence  in the water has ncverr"bccn devised.  Thousands of boys arc thrown in the  water without knowing how to swim,  and have conceived a fear of thc water by this foolhardy method "that  nothing has ever been able to remove. No confidence is ever secured by a violent introduction, and the  father who thinks along this line of  teaching his boy to swim is making  a fundamental mistake which he and  his boy will regret for years to come.  The wise father or teacher of swimming is hc who wins his bey's confidence by first getting him accustomed to thc water in"shallow places, and  then gradually have thc boy come to  him in deeper and deeper- water"tun-  til the young swimmer hardly knows  when hc has ventured beyond his  depth. This is not the "sissy" method of teaching boys how to swim,  as some' fathers like to think; it is  thc only normal and sane way. It is  the father without a knowledge of  human nature who decides otherwise. ���������' From thc Ladies' Home  Journal.  For Burns and Scalds.���������Dr. Thomas' Electric Oil will take the fire  out of a burn or',scald more rapidly  tlian any other preparation. It should  bc at hand in every kitchen so that  it may be available at any time.  There is no- preparation required.  Just-apply the oil to the burn or scald  and the pain will abate and in a short  time cease altogether.  "Warrior"  Was First Ironclad  A special interest attaches' to the  great part played by thc Warrior in  the Jutland fight; the first ironclad  in England bore her name. It 4vas  so recently as 1860, and she was thc  answer to La Gloric, wliich had just  been completed by thc French. . The  curiosity' evinced over the ship was  as great as that displayed in aeroplanes and Zeppelins in recent years.  Dclanc, of thc Times, sent to Lord  Torrington at Windsor a drawing* of  La Gloric, and the latter was unable  to return it when he would have  wished  because   the   Prince     Consort  No Need > for Excessive Alarm1���������3  Less Fatal Than Tuberculosis.  '���������-Several facts should be borncl  mind in connection "with thc cpid'c'4  of infantile paralysis, ..technics  known  as  poliomyclitis.-  Ils infectiousness is -the-'"most  portant clement in the situation,  certain cure has yet been discover  Once thc disease is contracted, it-lj  lo run its, course. , All thc ph>  cian's efforts must bc spent in takijj  preventive, measures. The infecti||  is probably caused by a virus wlrij  penetrates through the nose and inj  thc body, and indirectly brings abc  a" deterioration of the" nerve cells jj  the spinal cord and brain. This, {  turn, causes the muscular "pa'ralyJ  from which, poliomyelitis derives J  popular'nanre. This virus, it has" bcJ  well established, is present , in*, tfl  nose and. throat .and respiratory ;orJ  ans of persons afflicted, and can- thv  be expectorated or breathed oi^  Flics,, bedding, mclothing, anylhi(l  that comes in contact with . or ne.j  an infected person, may become Ij  carrying agent. Unfortunately,' tJ  presence of the disease is hard to "dj  tcct in its early stages,' while thc 'pu  ticnt is still-moving about and-conf  ing in contact with other people. T'J  symptoms are not well defined, b'J  often resemble those of typhoid. Tl*]  diagnosis (is difficult, especially "r  parents do not always realize tlui  their children are ill af'all. Tlius'.llif  necessary precautions to"prevent coVJ  tagion cannot always be" taken. ���������* ]|  fact, there arc many "abortive" case  which do not develop into acute poi3  omyelilis at all, but recover with'oil  ever being detected. Such cases, likl  typhoid "carriers," may be centres' c\  infection for a long time.  Happily, physicians no longer hav!  to depend " entirely on symptoms!  Several real tests, not - invariable  trustworthy, have been worked oufl  Examination of a suspect's bloo<J  and of his spinal fluid reveal cell  conditions which, taken together wit-1  other symptoms, make it possiblcf  especially during an epidemic likT  the present, to recognize a case witfj  a good degree of certainty, even bef  fore thc acute stage has been reach?  cd. , Also thc test by injection ok  spinal fluid from a suspect into thtl  brain of a monkey will often estab-T  lislr the presence of an abortive easel  There ought, therefore, by thcsrl  new methods, to be no insuperable  difficulty in detecting thc disease!  and" keeping^ it under control. The!  great requisite is to recognize . thej  epidemic's seriousness and treat -it|  exactly as cholera or yellow fever orl  diphtheria would be treated. Thel  health department has outlined al  system of quarantine which ought loj  be effective. The public, on its side.f  must help as much as possible. Parents should report all cases of sick-l  ncss at once' Children should bej  kept away from all places where  crowds assemble. No chances' what-1  soever should bc taken. In prevention lies the community's safely, and!  there can bc effective prevention onlyj  by early examination and isolation.  When all is done'-.that"can be,-;��������� there-]  need be no excessive alarm.    Mortal-1  ity in poliomyelitis ranges from 14 toj  22 -per  cent.     Several  children's  diseases take a greater tollof life.   .Of  the. .survivors,    a    large    percentage'  recover   from   the   paralysis   and   regain the use of their muscles. Poliomyelitis    has  the. terror    of novelty,  while  tuberculosis, 'continues', its, ravages  without   causing  excitement.? ���������  New York Evening Post.      ���������  No one need'-endure the agony ol  corns with HollowayV Corn 'Cure at  hand to remove them.  Military Medal for Women.  This country and the Dominions  overseas will welcome the decision to  award the Military Medal to women.  It is a fitting recognition of -the  splendid response which they have  made to the demands of the remarkable times in which we live. It is an  admission that even "under fire" wo-  Wifey: What do you think baby  will become when he grows 'up?  Hubby: Well, he's had experience  enough to be a town crier.  had carried it off to his study.   Later, i men, as  well  as  men, are  exhibiting  he wrote, the Prince of Wales was  discovered eagerly comparing it with  a picture of the Warrior in the Illustrated London News. ��������� London  Chronicle. - ���������  ���������Not  In  It.  01d*-*Uncle Jacob was walking majestically up and down the village  street dressed in his Sunday-suit.  ... _"Hallo,^Uncle Jacob," cried one of  his neighbors, "arc 3-011 having a-  holiday?"  "Yes, I am," replied Uncle Jacob,  proudly, "I'm celebrating my golden  wedding."  "Then- why isn't your wife celebrating it with you?" said the man.  "She ain't got aught to do with it,"  replied Uncle Jacob, indignantly.  "She's the fourth."  Black country miners    in  England  arc-now getting more than two dollars per day, quite an unprecedented  , figure in that part of the world.  "bravery    and  Telegraph.  devotion."  London  j Hit By a Fish.  In one of the-French casualty sta<  tions a young .artilleur lay -stiffcring  from a** nose broken in three places  by a' fish blown out of a canalby the  bursting  of a  12in.  shell.  On the next bed.lay a poor 'fellow  who had caught his foot in-the du1yS_  out rat-trap, and his hectic views, on  people who turned out \ patent fat-  traps would have brought tears of  disappointment to the eyes of thc  manufacturers.  On the other side of the room sat  an. ambulancicr  of  the  hospital  who  had   been   badly   bitten, in   the   neck  .while tending a delirious African.        /I  .'-���������: ~ :      ��������� '/'  "I saw the bride next door throw i  things at her husband yesterday '  morning."  "Good lieavcnsl    Not dishes?"  "No;  kisses."  Hnita ', . -.v'v-, jW-.i  **���������,     '  (',  .    THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.      C.  ^^���������*!:������^aK  _ ���������  ,*'t>-.jiii*5j3^  v. 'f'^-'.'-iiJP  ���������''-���������'--l^llsl  " ^il!  "-'"'', 'ViSE  V' n* ������-*iVSP  ij-j jv.'.-'SI''...  ..r--->v"iB5-  '    *    ''Jrw-ji  , * vi'^Jl^  ���������,-������������������������������������* *  -/^w-ai  '     -^frV"'  -W'lljAtQ*^*'  -  ''^'TJsg^  '"v-^IgVt.  '"        ���������* V1 Hs*������  "-* '"'i'lpl  I'"   VJ������|  '* ^'Trl  ���������fI *s4 H  "*���������{?*''���������  '   iHs' i  '--(Bl  >���������'!���������������-���������������  ���������     'Pf  '"ip'B  ANS HAVE TORTURED  'RIGHTFUL TORTURES INFLICTED BY THE ENEMY  ���������������������������orce Prisoners of War to  Perform Convict Labor, and If They  Refuse They arc Unmercifully Beaten and Subjected  to Other Cruelties by the-Barbarians ���������      . 0_   Fresh 'testimony  comes     to     hand  Erom -Germany how the frightful tor-  lures  imposed by thc  Huns  by  way  \i punishment    on  French,    Russian  Slid British prisoners who    refuse to  |o   the  forced labor, which   the   Germans  seek     lo  impose    upon   them.  The   Paris   Matin   voices   the      complaint of a  French  prisoner,  who  by  lucky-subterfuge has come through  bom   Minister  to   France.  "We have," hc says, "witnessed on  tpril>   6-and 7    really    inconceivably  Brcadful   incidents.      Thc    men   who  Kfused, to*~go to work in the factor-  Is  were  savagely    beaten    with  thc  Ijutrcnds of heavy slicks or-dragged  the  feet  until  they  pitifully  gave  and promised lo consent to go. On  complaint being brought to his no-  lice,   the   colonel* replied,   'It  will   bc  |lways  so   whenever  the  men  refuse  obey.'      You,r   may    imagine    the  freadful     plight'   of   those".wretches  forced  to   work against  their  brothers  and   against their  country."^  This  is  but another infamy which  Eiocs to swell thc already long list of  (to  many  others, and on  which it-is  useless to offer comment.    And what  fan  one~"say as  to the "treatment iii-  lict'od upon  the   -Russian     prisoners  Germany as revealed by the Journal  des   -Debals    from     information  "ontained in  the Russkoe Slova?  This is nothing short of the most  tibominablc martyrdom as - attested  md vouched for''by numerous recit-  Bils and letters and "even illustrations  /hich have been* supplied by some  ������������������scaped prisoners. Russian .prisoners  ire made to travel under such dis-  justing and horrible conditions that  Bniany .die during.the journey from  [inanition and asphyxiation. They  [die, but their corpses arc left stand-  ling supported by their comrades,  Isincc 80 .soldiers are crowded in a:  Icarriage which al the best could ac-j  {commodate only 20, and the journey  jlasts'-three days and three nights.  On arrival at their destination the  [prisoners ' arc ��������� subjected to convict  Llabor, and abominably fed. The Ger-  imans compel thenr to work on thc  tmanufacture . of shells and thc.preparation of asphyxiating gases. They  are driven in hundreds to digging of  .trenches under the shrapnel and gun  fire  of  the   Russians.  If the prisoners refuse, .they arc  unmercifully beaten and starved and  condemned to solitary confinement,  with their right hand fastened with  f. chains to their left foot. In this  pitiable condition they are left for  weeks at a stretch, or they arc suspended from a torturing rack.  ' .��������� All this the poor miserable prisoners endure most" heroically; it is  their best chance of avoiding still  ��������� greater infamies'. There have been  hundreds of similar cases, and these'  repeat themselves every day where  soldiers, in order to escape working  against their country, cut off-either  one or two of their fingers, or even  the whole  hand.  - In thc German system of repression, special mention must be made  ��������� of thc asphyxiating coffin. -This is  a large tin box in the shape of a coffin, wherein the condemned man is  placed after being suitably bound  and gagged, and thc lid is then hermetically scaled in order to prevent  the influx of fresh air.  Thc poor miserable wretch soon  begins to stifle, and finally loses  consciousness, when the coffin is  opened and the patient is revived by  the administration of a restorative,  and then once more thrown back  into this infernal coffin of torture.  As regards the torturing rack, 'to  ivInch allusion *s made above, this is  a stake fitted with all conceivable  manner of fine cords. The condemned man is suspended in such a manner that these cords bite into the  flesh as soon as thc members become  stretched under "the weight -of his  body.x Even thc most hardened soldiers are*-*unablc to resist this form  of torture more than two hours. As  soon as they lose consciousness, they  are let down and they regain consciousness, but the same torture begins again on the morrow, and to  think that the official dose of this  punishment lasts 28 hours!  Russia's Food Supply  Special Bureaus Established for Distribution  of  Foodstuffs        '  The Czar has appointed a special  commission to relieve thc. distress  among the poorer classes in the large  cities and industrial centres. With  the aid of experts furnished by thc  Department of thc Interior and the  railway ministry the commission is  to organize the distribution of food  on an efficient basis. Thc commission has sweeping powers and* may  cause the arrest of all Speculators  cornering supplies to drive the prices  up still further. All foodstuffs in  the hands of speculators are to be  confiscated and paid for at the market value.  Five members of "the" commission  in the southern and Siberian provinces ascertained ,the exact amount  of grain and thc number of cattle  that can bc requisitioned- and  brought to large ctiics* and thickly  populated parts of the Empire." For  the" transportation of 'the supplies a  special railroad service is to be organized. Over three hundred freight  trains arc to bc run to Moscow, Pet-  rograd, Kieff and other cities daily  from Odessa and Siberia. For the  distribution of the foodstuffs special  bureaus are established in all cities  and larger towns. The heads .of  these bureaus will bc directly responsible to thc Ministry of thc Interior  for thc equal distribution of all  grain, meats, etc., at "the prices fixed  by the Government. All sugar factories and canning establishments  are-brought under thc control of the  Government. The sugar manufacturers have* been requested' to give  estimates of their possible iriaximuni  production and lo place .all of their  stocks on ha^cl at the disposal of  the Government.  Sermon by Kaiser on  Reliance of God  Practical  Christianity and   Harmony  With Personality  of Lord  Needed  Thc speech which the German Emperor recently made to a gathering  of army ��������� chaplains at main headquarters is reported in the Vossische  Zcitung by Chaplain Doctor Ott.  "It is a time of sifting," said the  Emperor. " "The world is separating  the chaff from thc wheat. You gentlemen have the task of teaching the  German nation to take things seriously and to accept the present as a  lime of trial. It is important to understand that life is a trial. We need  practical Christianity to bring our  lives into harmony with thc personality of our Lord. We must live  simply according to His acts and  deeds.  "Gentlemen, how* fascinating and  marvellously manifold is His personality. Wc must study it thoroughly;  we .must live with  the Lord.  "Suppose ,-Christ entered at this  moment-through yonder.' door, could  wc look into His face? Going to  church once a week is not enough.  AVe must make Him the ideal of our  practical lives, wc must determine to  live according to His teaching. You  must bring sharply .before ns the  yisio,ii of- God, who, perhaps, -as the  judge, is now passing through the  world. You must represent Him and  show  Him  to us." -  Thc Emperor then dwelt on what  hc said he* regarded as one of the  most dangerous tendencies of, thc  time���������one which might deprive the  German nalion; of the spiritual.benefit of the war, namely, the tendency  to find fault, to cdmplain,., to criticize. *-  "I, often ponder how this tendency  can.be cured," he said. "Certainly  not by, repression, or laws or, orders.  The remedy cannot come from' outside of us, it must come from within.  There must be peace in our hearts;  then wc will bc strengthened for bad  days, and, what is more difficult, for  good days.  Ihc men who arc now in the trenches jwill return home different men  spiritually than when they left. Impress  upon them   that they must re-Tlty m tlnics llke these?  Romans as Dry Farmers  provision  on  filling  Literal..  A London wholesale  house which prides itself  all orders correctly, r.eccived a letter  from a provincial customer recently,  complaining bitterly of thc very poor  quality of the last two lots of eggs  supplied.  Thc reputation of the house for  never making an error seemed to'be  at stake, but the bright mind of thc  junior partner found a way out of it.  Hc wrote:  Gentlemen: Wc are sorry to hear  that our consignment did not suit  you; there was, however, no mistake  on our part. Wc have looked up your  original order, and find that it reads  :.s follows: "Rush fifty boxes eggs.  We want them bad."���������Tit-Bits.  Going to  Plumb Niagara  Whirlpool.  The depth of the whirlpool rapids  in the Niagara River' just above the  falls may^beconic known. Engineers  propose lo take a series of soundings  from a passenger 'aero-car line which  has been constructed 200 feet above  the water by the Niagara Spanish  Aero-Car Company. The engineers  will, use a weight of 500 pounds or  heavier if necessary.  It has been estimated by many that  the depth is anywhere between 250  and 1,000 feet. Because no boat can  live in the rapids, it has been impossible to verify-these estimates.  Ought to Be.  "I" that doctor capable of telling  you how to avoid grippe?"  "He ought to bc. He has had it  half a dozen times himself."���������Richmond Times-Dispatch.  They    Garnered    Rich  Olive    Crops  From  the  Hot African  Sands.  The problem of dry farming with  which our western farmers arc.struggling was faced also by the ancient  Romans and handled by them in a  manner from which wc modems can  borrow many a suggestion.. .When  the French look control of Tunis  they found established there a legacy from the Roman colonists of old,  a system of dry farming as perfect  as anything achieved by modern experiments in AusLralia, South Africa  and our own West.' Professor J.  Russell Smith, of the University of  Pennsylvania, has made a first hand  investigation of this remarkable  archaeological puzzle, which " he 'describes in lhc Century in an article  entitled "The- Dry Farmers of  Rome."    Hc says in part:  "Plainly thc Romans were master  dry farmers-to succeed-under conditions worse than those under which  wc have failed. How did they do it? | has "*onc  Can wc not copy them? Fortunate- tons ������ of  ly, wc can copy them, for they succeeded by the very simple device of  growing tree crops. Since our dry  larming has failed with grain crops  on ten inches of rain and upward,  and theirs succeeded with tree crop's  on ten inches of rain and downward,  the lesson is most plain. Wc, too,  should grow tree crops.  . "The secret is not hard to find.  The perennial plant, of whicli the  tree is the highest type, is nature's  great implement for fighting aridity.  If there is deep water the tree will  send its roots for it. Recently an  artesian ,wcll digger in Arizona  brought up thc live root of a small  bush from the depth of eighty-three  feet. If there is surface water, at almost any season the perennial desert  plant will seize it as a hungry dog  seizes a bone and keep it sccurcly  for months, or even years, supporting life and if'possible maturing a  crop of seed. Many and interesting  are the devices by which plants have  modified themselves to get and hold  water in the fierce and merciless processes of adaptation, natural selection and survival. The olive, for instance, is a deep rooter in moist subsoil or a far-reaching, shallow rooter  if there is no water iu thc subsoil.  Its leaves-are glazed above and hairy  beneath. If undisturbed, the foliage  will completely shade its trunk, thus  protecting it from the ra3"s of the  sun. Given one. good drink, an olive  tree has  shown  its ability to survive  tain in thc future thc thoughts which  fill   them now.  "Everybody must admit that our  nation is great, that it is without  complaints or hesitation, sacrificing  for a great cause. This is an inspiration derived from God. Give the  men in the trenches - my greeting,  at the same time tcllin-g them how  important it is that they keep firm  reliance on  God."  Supplying Zinc to Britain  Possibilities of Zinc Production in  British Cblumbia  London zinc merchants are preparing a scheme whereby Great Britain  will purchase all thc zinc ores produced in Australia. The intention is  to prevent Germany ever again getting control of the supply of zinc to  Britain���������a control she exercised until" the outbreak of the .war. Government assistance is being asked in  order that the sum necessary to build  thc required smelting works in thc  United Kingdom may be secured. At  least fifteen million dollars will be  needed for the purpose.  -As is well known, nearly all thc  zinc hitherto produced in Australia  lo Germany. Over 400,000  concentrates have been  turned out in the Commonwealth  each year and from this 140,000 tons  of spelter (refined zinc) have been  extracted. What such a supply will  mean to Great Britain in thc future  and what the British market will  mean to Australia can readily bc  imagined.  British Columbia has"immense zinc  deposits. If British capital W.ld  only bc induced to interest itseTF*'in  our product as well as in Australia's  the mining industry of the province  would receive an immense impetus.���������  Vancouver   World.  Money Expended Freely  A Big Sisterhood Is Needed to Reduce the Cost of Living.  An investigation into the increased cost of living attendant on war  conditions, and its direct bearing on  thc housewives of Toronto reveals  the following facts:  1. Thc cost of living, so far as the  housekeeper's bills are concerned,  has risen from 30 per cent to '40 per  cent.  2. Dealers vouch for the fact that  they can scarcely remember a time  when the housewife's money circulated with more freedom.  3. The reasons for inflated prices  are, for the most part, undoubtedly  legitimate, _ the chief factors being  transportation, scarcity of labor and  closed   channels  of  import'  4. On thc*other hand, war-time excuses are brought to bear effectively  on credulous people by a few dishonest* dealers and that, in some cases,  shoddy and adulterated goods at  disproportionate prices arc on the  market.  5. No organized ^attempt has been  made by women lo regulate the soaring prices.  6. A little more arithmetic on the  housekeeper's' part in the' diffiusion  of thc householder's money would  tend to improve conditions at home.  Naturally enough, the seller is not  disposed to create an impression of  pessimism which would result in the  shearing off of trade. At the same  time, the housekeeper of Toronto is  up against a problem which calls for  hard thought first and then united  effort. Nor is it a question which  can be put off until tomorrow. The  rich woman,"who is spending freely  on luxuries and meeting increased  demands is indirectly embarrassing  the woman-who finds it a struggle  to pay for the necessities of life. A  big sisterhood is needed which will  stir up home production, home industry, home labor, and, thus unlock  thc door to steadiness of supply.and  price.  To feed the body, to house ihc  body, to clothe thc body���������these are  the problems which man and woman,  mated together, have to face. Man  is the provider, woman is the dispenser, and how great is her rcsponsibil-  HUNS STORMED AND ASSAULTED  ON ALL SIDES BY THE BESIEG  DISILLUSIONMENT IS PAINFUL   AND. DISTURBING  After Two Years of Advances on All, Fronts, the Reverses Will  Be Harder to Bear ior the German' People Than They  Had Been for the Allied Countries    O - ���������  A Wonderful Berry  The Loganberry May Soon   Become  Familiar    to  People    of the  ���������Prairie   Provinces  One of the very nicest of all berries, and but-little known in the Canadian West, is the Loganberry. It  was originated in California, "about  twenty years ago, by a Mr. Logan,  who secured the Loganberry by-  crossing thc red Antwerp raspberry  with thc Aughinbaugh blackberry.  The Loganberry is therefore a hybrid from which has sprang the  "phenomenal" and other varieties.  The      _  loganberry immediately  sprang into large commercial importance in California and in Oregon,  where it is also largely grown. It is  a   very   rich,   highly   flavored     berry, j  Canada was well on its way- lo  ward a readjustment of its economic  life when war broke out. Thc final  effects of the struggle may, from  necessity, carry that readjustment  further than would ��������� otherwise have  been possible. But in the meantime,  specific duties bear most .heavily on  the poor, who use the cheaper qualities of goods.  War Ends French Duelling  Bloodthirsty     Combatants     Are   Advised to Go to the Front.  The duel is one of the ancient institutions of France that has fallen  into neglect during the war. Tlie last  sensational encounter on the "field  of battle"���������a bloodless one���������took  place after the election of the chamber of deputies in 1914, not long before hostilities broke .out] It was  between Joseph Caillaux, former  minister of finance, and his unsuccessful opponent, Louis d'Allicres.  Caillaux hrcd into the air and d'Al-  liercs   fired  into  thc  ground.  Since that meeting M. d'Alliercs  has'been grievously wounded on another field of honor. Acting as intermediary officer between the firing  line and thc command in the rear,  he was hit by a fragment of a shell  that maimed him probably for life.  It is attributed to the fact that so  many Frenchmen like M. d'Allicres  have shed their blood on the battlefield that the duel has bccn.abandoii-  cd, and there is a well-defined sentiment that it has come to an end for  good and all.  Some credit the "sacred union" of  parties and1" classes with this reform,  while there arc certain proofs that it  is due to popular depreciation of personal conflicts between Frenchmen  while "the Germans arc still at Noy-  on." The "'sacred union" has not  prevented  disputes  and provocations.  Two men contesting for a favorable place from which to witness a  review of troops on the Esplanade  des lnvalides came to blows and one  of them tossed his card to the other.  "If you are so eager to fight," cried  a bystander, "why don't you do as  those boys did?" pointing to some  armless and legless soldiers lined up  before the troops to bc decorated.  Two  young men  in a popular  cafe  exchanged sarcasms, followed by   in  suits,     blows     and   an  cards.  "To Verdun "\\ith them!" cried the  spectators.  "Put them out!"  The manager threw both of them  into the street, where thc idlers jeered them until in common defense  Ihcy made up their quarrel and walked off together.  There arc two hypotheses regarding the duel after thc war. In some  cases  thc  disputants  have   both  been  For the first time there has come  from Berlin an admission of the  truth as to the perilous situation of  thc central empires. It is not official, but it passes the censorship in  the dispatches of the wholly sympathetic Karl von Wicgand.  Mr. von .Wicgand says the central  empires    arc   like  a  strong    fortress  stormed   ahd   assaulted   on   all   sides    _ __,  by besiegers.    The fact is obvious to  thcrs    and  the impartial  observer. It is interest  ing that in Germany it should bc recognized and confessed.  How different is this picture from  that which was painted not long  since in thc columns of the German  press and in the articles of Messrs.  von Wicgand,and Schutte. Then we  were told in graphic tenns of the  triumphant advance of Teuton arms  Why Berliners Riot  ���������       . i  Women    of Germany    Not    Making  Trouble   From   Selfish  Reasons  A     Berlin     correspondent     writes:  German  newspapers often attack the  women    of Germany    because,    after  years   jof    constant    warfare    during  which  they have lost husbands,  bro-  sons,    while    themselves  forced to endure untold hardships,  they are showing signs of what is  termed weakness. "It is most humiliating," says the Muenchener  Neueste Nachrichten, "to see that  after eighteen months of war, a very'  .large part of our women, have not  yet learned to understand what./war- >  time conditions really mean. - They  arc.sighing, weeping    and    groaning,,  Russia,   Serbia,   France   (at  Verdun), because ithey  can   no   longer  get   all  and Italy each in turn felt the crush  ing power of the Kaiser and his ally.  Great Britain, wc were told, had been  robbed of her glory and strength as  mistress of the -seas. The plans of  the entente for a co-ordinated offensive had been frustrated by- German  skill and German prowess. France  was. on lhc verge of collapse and  England^ ��������� would never be ready.  Russia staggered and Italy retreated.  Now the scene - changes. Russia,  Italy, France and Great Britain are  hurling their strength against the  thinning Teuton wall. They arc doing what the central empires have  never been able to do���������pressing an  offensive in  three fronts at thc same  the  bread     or  meat  they    want," because    pastry    made   "without butter  does   not   appeal  to   their   taste,   and*  because    they    feel    disgusted   when  they   have   to   drink   coffee    "without  milk.    Once more,  German    women,  we appeal to you, nay, we coydmand'  you,   to   stop   these   cowardly  lamcn--  tations,' to ,submit to ' existing conditions and not  unnecessarily  to make  life harder to our brave men'who arc  fighting in thc trenches."  - To the unbiased observer   these re-,  proaches directed against the women  of Germany, who have taken up and '  carried   their   part   of   the  burden   of  war in a- most admirable manner, are  by no means justified. The women of  time.- To those who-have studied thejGeVmany have shown fortitude and  progress of the war with intelligent j endurance and if they are becoming  and impartial interest it has been ob- j unmanageable it should, be remem-  vious that sooner or later this would bercd  that  they  arc not  rioting and.  happen. But it is not .what the Kaiser expected when hc launched .his  armies against Belgium, although it  is what he has feared since the battle  of thc Manic. Every effort of the  central empires since that time has  been to prevent this co-operative attack on the part of their foes.  The failure lo crush France was  followed by an attempt to eliminate  Russia as an effective factor in the  military strategy of the entente. It  also failed. Then the drive on Serbia  was begun to hold Turkey in line r.s  an ally and to enlist the aid, if possible, of Bulgaria, Roumania and  Greece. It held Turkey, but to small  purposes. It won Bulgaria, but failed to win thc others; 'it left the situation no better than it was before.  Hemmed' in between the allied armies in Greece and th potential hostility of Roumania, Bulgaria can be  of no real service. Turning again to  the western front, Verdun was assailed, partly in thc hope of a moral  victory and partly in order to demoralize the plans for an Anglo-French  offensive. Verdun has proved another failure. It" may be taken, but  its occupation now will have no significant consequence for the fortunes  of either side, and already troops  from thc Verdun front have appeared   in   the  region  of   the   Sommc.  What will bc the effect on 'the mind  of thc German public when the German press can no longer talk of victory? What will bc thc effect of labored explanations by Major Moraht  andL"other military experts as to the  reasons for withdrawal in France, in  Galicia and on the Austrian front?  After two years of advances here,  there and everywhere, reverses will  be harder to bear for the German  people than they have been for thc  people of the allied countries. The  process of disillusionment is ever  painful* and disturbing. How long  will the central powers maintain the  struggle once the hope of real victory is abandoned?���������Chicago Evening Post.  Huns Lose Trade  two   rainless     desert   summers    with . and  is   used   for  canning  or  prcscrv-! combatants in the great war and will  only a single shower between. That  is why thc dry farmers of Rome succeeded 1,500 years ago, and their  successors arc succeeding* now, while  our farmers have often failed through  their dependence on the quick growing,  quick perishing annuals."  ing purposes by using the usual  raspberry recipes. It is also largely  sold as a dried  fruit.  The cultivation of this fine bcrrv  has been taken up in the province of  British Columbia, wliich climate is  claimed   to   bc  well     adapted   lo   the  find it ridiculous lo make a show of  courage against each other after having already shown it together inany  limes   against   a   common   enemy.  If they are not both combatant-*,  they will, one oj* both of them, have  been  hcioes     ol   the  war,   to    whom  Allies Will Secure Trade From Germany in Many Lands  Interesting particulars of the manner in which the Allies are taking  exchange of'awsiy German colonial trade and extending their rule over newly-conquered territory arc given in a communication to thc Trade and Commerce Department from the High  Commissioner in London.  "As regards Samoa, wliich is in occupation by New Zealand," the report says, "trade is free except in so  far as enemy linns arc being liquidated. Trade has been reopened  with Southwest Africa. Goods maybe imported subject to thc duties and  tariff prevailing in the Union of  South   Africa.  "In   West Africa  the  whole  of  the  Caincroons is  now  regarded as tcrri  torvin   friendly  The Selling Power of the Newspaper  Those papers arc nio-"t valuable lo  us as advertisers which "resist lhc  pleasure of us advertisers and equally  resist thc pleasure of any financial j  interest and try only to serve the  common good, for, as the reward for  that, they command the confidence of  their readers. If wc advertisers undermine the confidence in thc papers  wc advertise in, eventually they will  cease lo be good mediums for us to  advertise in. Those which command  the most confidence of their readers  arc, as 1 have said, thc ones that get  the best results for us.���������Edward A.  Filene, Boston, al the Advertising  Men's Convention.  proper growth and  maturing    of this j public   opinion   will   say:     "No!     No  fruit.     The   prairie   pro\incc<*   should, (lighting!     If   you   are   so   thirsty   for  therefore soon become familiar witli  this comparatively new and highly  prized   fruit.  "You men are not so smart," jeered the bachelor girl. "It takes you  half an hour to  sew on a button."  "It does," acknowledged the widower, who had sewed and been sewed for. "But that button never conies  off."  "VUiilc  A Wee Bit Sane,  a  certain     Scotch  minister  blood and so particular about honor,  you -would have taken your satisfac-  ���������ion   out^of   the   Germans." _,���������  Thc  lady  was    complaining to  her  dairyman    some time ago     regarding  was   conducting   religious   services."m |lnc_ quality  of  his  milk.  in asylum for insane, one of the in  mates cried out wildly:  "I say, have wc got to listen to  this?"  The minister, surprised and confused, tinned to thc keeper and a-.k-  cd:  "Shall  I stop speaking?"  The keeper replied:  "No, no; gang along, gang along;  that will not happen again. That  man only has a lucid .moment every seven years.3"���������Thc Christian  Herald.  Movie picture shows have penetrated to Tonkin and Assam, French  jibssessions  in  China.  "Shoit o' grass feed, mum; short o'  grass feed this time o'-ycar," said the  jocular milkman. "Bless you, them  cows o' mine are .just as sorry about  it as I am. I often stands and  watches 'em cryin', rcg'lar cryin',  mum, because they feel as how their  milk don't do 'cm credit. You don't  believe it?"  "Oh, yes, I believe it," said thc  lady; "but I wish in future you'd see  that they don't drop their tears into  our can."���������London Opinion.  "Are  you  in  pain, my little man?"  asked   the   kind   old gentleman.  "No," answered the boy, "the  pain's in me."  occupation i'or tlic!Ilcr������. however, took up the narrative  purpose of trade. The Caincroons j "Hc 1'ail" tumbled into a hole when  has been provisionally divided be- 'there was half a dozen of 'em hid  tween the British and French for ad- -*������������������������" said thc second men. "Joci  ministrative purposes until a final ( comes of a fighting race and hc gav������  settlement  can   be  reached  as   to  the   lllc  Huns a  bit  for hiding."���������Londor  conclusion of peace. Thc British  sphere is being administered-- by th-fc  Government of  Nigeria.  "Togoland is under the administration of the Gold Coast colony."  Commends the Government  The Dominion Government has  rendered an excellent service in providing artificial limbs for soldiers  who have suffered amputation. This  will prevent fraudulent canvassing  and will also prevent thc growth of  a highly undesirable private interest  ���������Toronto  Globe.  1 elcgraph.  This story of one of thc apt -re  torts of "Tim" Healy, who has beer  figuring lather largely in the Parliamentary discussions on the Irish rebellion, was told tire other day. During thc hearing of a recent case in  which he appeared a rasping voice  coming from an adjoining room disturbed the court.  "Do you know what that noise is.  Mr. Healy?" asked the Judge.  "I think," retorted Mr. Healy, "il  must bc one of my learned friends  filing an affidavit."  "Women must consider it a dread- ,, _ TT >T      -,  ful  fate  to be  an  old  maid,"  mused RcP������rts  Germans  Have  No   Cotton  Mr.   Chugwaler.    "They  do,  Josiah,"      The  Lauzaiinc    Gazette makes the  said  Mrs.   Chugwaler.      "Look what statement  that  Germany's cotton re-  tcrrible     noodles    they       sometimes serves arc completely exhausted. The  fighting  thc  police and    troops   sent  against    them   from selfish     reasons,  but because they see their babies dying from   lack    of milk while    their  older children, are growing pale and  emaciated,    'because    all    articles- of1  food, even the most elementary ones,  have  risen   to   prices  which  it is  utterly impossible    for    them    to pay.- v  They fight the police and Sttack the  provision  and    baker shops"-because  they know that their-"wealthier sisters  are able lo buy even luxuries and.tllat  the   farmers,     large  and  small  alike,  are hiding their grain in the hope of'  still'higher prices.  When the Scots Charged  A Wounded  Scot Gave Graphic De������  scription of the Big "Push"  A thrilling story of the "big push"  was related by a wounded Scot, who  has  reached  London.  "Eh, raon, it was hell, but it ,was^  grand," he declared. -"We've [got a^:r  move on at last, and are paying* the  Huns out. For over a week our guns  have been letting rip at them. Talk  about the German guns in the early  days of thc war, they arc not in it  now. I was in the retreat from Alons,  so I reckon I've seen some of the  fighting."  "I got my packet Friday night," hi  added, referring to his wounds. "We  were pushed up to our front line  trenches early Friday morning. Long  heforc daybreak the artins were at it  worse than ever. The noise fair  drove some fellows' daft, but the  worst of all was waiting in the tren>  dies for thc order to charge. When  that came wc were over the top like  a lot of dogs let loose. The ground  was churned up for miles, and the  front of the German trenches simply  smashed to bits. We got there under cover of smoke, and fairly rolled  in. . I shall never forget the sight  The Germans were lying heaped uf  in all directions, and those who wen  ������������������live showed no fight, but appeared  to have gone 'clean potty.'  "Further on we got into the supports, whicli had received a terrifii  smashing about, and it was there w< "  had thc scrap. At the .last mom en .  it seemed the Germans had rushed ;  crowd of chaps in, and Ihcy had hidden themselves in shell holes ant  were taking pot shots at us. Wi  rushed them with thc bayonet anc  bombs, and some of them put up ;  good fight. I had one fellow ii  front of mc, and felt.myself a 'goner,  for 1 tumbled over some wire, whei  one of our chaps got his bayonet ink  him. The next second a Gcriiiaj  'otitcd' my chum. 'Never fear, Jock,1  he said, '} ou did thc same trick fo'  mc once.' That chap's left a wifj  and six bairns away up North," added  the Scot.  A-sked how hc received his wound  the  Scol became somewhat bashful.  "Oh, one of the Huns    got    in    a|  me,"   he  replied.      Another  woundc-j  f.  marry to escape it."  And Josiah    rubbed  [said nothing.  his  chin and  newspaper asserts that the source ol  ils information is German and absolutely reliable.  tft\ '  'ft  ft.  I  li  .-.:... "-:*;.v.i.���������...-.-.���������"-*:���������;'.-tTs'ii'SJi  ^-������������������''rv^^SII  ': V- .���������V,,y':,..;,.'^'..,7}*;fc  :^:v^V{;l?jS'^".W���������  f.'>*f*���������  i������  MkMMMMSMSSX Pongee ���������fv/tf������Toulo>s~d  J-rtszt/ntn^s  ELCOME the peplumed blouse!   And  the blouse in one piece, which is a close  cousin to the peplumed blouse because it  goes oyer the skirt instead of under I Away with  annoying waist fixings and high-waisted skirt  which breaks the lines ot the short-woman! This  is the comfortable kind of blouse that you slip  on at the last minute and makes you forget all  about possible rifts between skirt and blouse.  Here you have five varieties of the blouse  which goes over the skirt.  The striped handkerchief linen is made in  one piece���������that is, there is no separate peplum  set under the belt, but the whole blouse is just  an elongation of the plain shirtwaist pattern.   It  has a collar of organdie edged with self-pleating.  Two shaped peplums which even the stout  figure would not rebel at make the blouse of  light-blue^ linen interesting.   This, too, would  be an ordinary shirtwaist were the peplums not  added, one under and the other over a belt of  the linen.  m A yellow voile makes a bright note atop a  .white serge skirt. It is trimmed with stitchings of  golden-brown silk, and buttons on the side  with white silk-covered buttons/The collar and  sash are of the white silk, picoted on the edges.  This is a true Russian-blouse model, and is consequently a graceful representative of the over-  blouse style.  Pongee and foulard have been cleverly  combined for another blouse on the Russian  order. This is in one piece from shoulder to  hem. Its other style features are the deep sailor  collar in back and the use of polka-dotted  material for trimming.  Polka dots in groups  of  three  make  the.  coral-and-white taffeta blouse almost amusing.  Its short apology for a  peplum is  enough to  rank it among the blouses which go over the skirt  rzrvwrv&uuirmivmn,\mi*iin,*ix*i'* js'&i?  -A-jfgj**!  ?$%$  ^z:&r$frwx#-y&  *mmB&^&&&  m  THE     GAZETTE,- .  HEDLEY,     23.      C.  for  the  by the  Depart  The Live Stock  Outlook in Canada  , _~���������������������������^  Demand for Live .Stock'of All Kinds  Has Never Been Better  That an era of prosperity is opening for the' Canadian farmer, and  that lie has never been in a more  secure position than at present as  "regards the extension of his breeding operations, is the opinion recently expressed by John Bright,  Live Stock Commissioner  Dominion Government.  ** In a pamphlet published  Live Stock Branch of the  ment of Agriculture at Ottawa, thc  subject is pretty thoroughly gone  into, as respects the^ demand for live  stock of all kinds, including horses,  which are almost at a premium now,  as well as beef cattle, other, meat-  producing animals and food products.  Canada-now has the opportunity of  "initiating and developing a trade  on  practically    cquar*"terms    as  against  the    competition    of    other    nations.  . Countries  which  have  been  engaged  in   the_ business   for  years   now   pos-  ��������� sess no particular advantage over  their' younger rival, Canada. Commercial connections <and other trade  assets whicli they formerly possessed  have "been  largely  broken    down  ��������� and nullified within the past eighteen  months, owing to the war. A n_w  trade era is being established and the  'farmers of Canada-have a better opportunity than ever before to extend  ��������� their business abroad.1 *        -  ���������  ���������With reference to cattle,"'the prices  .^ current for beef <on the-Smithfield  I* market during 1915 increased 40 per  cent, since the/outbreak of war. -The  supplies of frozen beef cannot nearly meet the demand, and this has'  "forced buyers to take the chilled  article, with the result -that prices  i- have advanced sharply. The general  beef, situation emphasizes the shortage of supply. It- has never - been  indicated from any country that there  is"'an undue accumulation -of beef in  storage or a congestion of cattle going t forward ,-to market. Present  prices'.and present demand confirm  this fact  ��������� A good herd of milking beef cows  will  bring in  a  return as  regular, as  the  change of  seasons,  and if labor  i-is^not available-two  or .more  calves  '  may be put on a single cow, and bet-  . tcr calves reared than if fed ,by hand.'  The' feeding of these  calves until fit  \frir market, whether as baby beef or  ^ as butcher  or export  stock, will  en-  '"' sure a  steadier income  than  can  be  obtained by a continuance of the old  methods. No practice will so, tend to  conserve female stock nor so speedily add ' to  our available    supply of  beef.  With reference 'to sheep, -the report refers to the fact that Iamb and  mutton are'dear the world over, record prices having been  Canada during the past year. The  position of the world wool market is  very firm at present, and there is no  indication that the market will be  -overstocked or prices recede. This  .puts the Canadian farmer in a very  strong position as regards the sale  of his wool this year. At the same  time no "farm animal can be made  more profitable at the present time  ���������to its owner.  Touching on hogs, the report says  they'also have reached an unprece-  dentcdly high level. Canada stands  ���������at present in a better position to develop a permanent bacon trade with  ���������Great Britain than ever before. Britain has increased her imports- of  bacon enormously since thc beginning of the war, due mainly to thc  "heavy purchases made by the British war office, and also to the fact  that higher wages have been paid in  the most important classes of employment. The Canadian hog is of  -a type from which Wiltshire bacon  -can be successfully produced. A new  demand has been created since the  war for frozen meat in France, and  it is expected that for some years  after the war she will open her doors  to all supplies from the allied countries.  During the past few years Canada  lias been producing more eggs, the  Increase since 1913 being about 17,-  "000,000 dozen, exporting last year  about 8,000,000 dozen, most of which  went to the United Kingdom. As  many chickens as possible should be  hatched. Eggs at winter prices are  a paying proposition, and 'poultry  alive or dressed at present or prospective ��������� market conditions Can be  reared and finished at a good profit.  In the words of a very well-known  London (Eng.) produce man, "Canada can* now; sell to Great Britain  ���������and France anything she can produce." The report emphasizes  stronglythe fact that permanent success depends not only upon volume  of supply, but upon the integrity and  scientific _ intelligence which may  characterize our. business relations.in  all their related phases' during the  war.  From a general survey of the  whole situation it would appear that  Canada will be in a better position  during the coming months to obtain  sale for her products than she has  been able to secure for herself at any  previous time.  Life or Death for  German Nation  Be  Concluding      Points    Have  ��������� to  Reached and Everything Is  in*, Balance  Max Osborne, in'a despatch to the  Vossiche Zeitung of Berlin from western headquarters, says:  "We are shaken by burning pain  as new streams of r German blood are  flowing and we recognize our power  The Control of Weeds  The Names and Habits of All Com-  , mon  Weeds Should Be  Studied  Weeds are the robbers of the plant  world. They creep into the fields  and rob the plants of moisture, light,  air, and plant-food. They often crowd I-"P; ^ie was D^st -*r  out good clovers and grasses in our | f^l' _ _ , Prov.ed to b  meadows and pastures.  Every farm boy should learn the  names and habits of all the common  lessness over what cannot be chang- j ���������~������l    Whenever one is found  that  i looks as if it might prove mischievous it should be promptly identified.  "After two years of war the angel ���������  of destruction is passing through the  ranks as merciless as if the battles  had only just -begun. Whilst our  enemies suffer fearful loss, we do not  blind our eyes to the new mourning  to come to us nor over the seriousness of the fate of this decisive battle  raging on all fronts. We should bc  unworthy of the stupendous task we  have to fulfil and the almost incomprehensible sacrifices our ( heroes  make if we were not able to undertake the whole fury and* burden of  these weeks.  "We feel the raging storm of the  united power of the enemy. It is  now a question of everything for the  life or death of our nation. We stand  differently now from what we did in  August, 1914. The concluding points  have to" be reached and everything is  in the balance." ���������  England is  "The" Enemy  Our.firm opinion, is that there is  in this war no room for a compromise" with England. England is thc enemy who has raised up and is still  keeping against us^ a .world "of- enemies. . We can expect from England's  goodwill nothing . . . for our  national future. We must" for the  sake of a reconciliation with England  abandon none of the war-aims, which  we have achieved by conquest and  which, we deem.it necessary to retain in the interests of our country.  The only important thing, is to weaken England's power and- to strengthen our own to an extent that would  allow us to impose peace upon England, willy-nilly, and to make her recognize our right to existence, our  right to the future, our right to access to the world and to the world's  oceans.���������From the Vossische Zeitung, Berlin.       ��������� \  Riches of British Africa  British Possessions Have the Greatest Commercial Value  In -the parcelling out of Africa  among the nations of Europe,- writes  W. E. Aughinbaugh in" Leslie's,  Great Britain not -only secured the  largest share, but also the territories  having the greatest commercial value,  reached^ in |>I have already discussed the" South  African Union and Egypt, and briefly  outlined the wonderful futures of  these colonies. Let us consider the  remaining British possessions in Africa.  British East Africa consists of a  large part of-the mainland of "Africa  proper, including the East ^African  Protectorate, the Uganda Protectorate and the islands of Zanzibar, and  Pen-lb-"*". It covers an area of 378,899  square miles, and has a population of  7,245,000, of whom -only 10,000 are  Europeans. Mombasa, with a population of 30,000, which .includes 150  European officials, is the largest city.  Nairobi is the capital, with 14,000 inhabitants,  800  being white.  In this colony much rubber and  sisal is grown, while the cultivation  of cotton along the rivers is rapidly increasing. On the lowlands, co-  coanuts, copra, cassava, caraway seed  and rice flourish, while in the highlands increased areas are being devoted to wheat and coffee. Black  wattle is being extensively raised,  and is thc largest industry. There is  also much ostrich and sheep farming. Zanzibar is noted for its cloves,  and yields one-third of the supply of  the world. The last census showed  6,000,000 bearing trees, mostly owned by Arabs. It has about 3,200  square miles of forests, chiefly ebony,  mahogany, copal and cabinet woods.  There are practically no mineral resources. The yearly exports are $15,-  905,000,  imports $21,500,000.  If nobody on the farm can do so it  should be sent away to the Dominion  Agricultural Department at Ottawa  for identification and information  concerning its control.  Among the commonest field weeds  is the grassy pest known as foxtail.  It is a kind of wild millet which  grows from seed and lives only one  year.  It is not a serious weed except  when wet weather in June prevents  land from being cultivated.  Most of^ the common weeds which  infest cultivated crops live only'one  year. They produce lots of seed.  These live long enough in the ground  so that even after four or five years  of meadow or pasture they arc still  liable to do damage to cultivat_d  crops.  There is no easy way to get the  best of weeds. The crops should be  kept as 'clean as they conveniently  can. The land hoe must be used-as  a cultivator cannot be depended upon  to destroy all the weeds. The Dutch  or push, hoe is an invaluable article'  for this purpose.  _ In some sections the weeds which  live from year to year and spread by  underground rootstocks as well as  seeds are troublesome. -Quack grass",  Canada thistle, horse-nettle, and  morning glory are the worst weeds  of this type. These pests have about  as much fight in them as the common  annual weeds.  If they are cut off at the surface  of the ground they come up again  and-again. But if you keep at it long  enough you can kill ' them. Land  infested^ with this kind of weed is  oftentimes best put to alfalfa or  pasture. Frequent mowing is hard  on  them.  Pastures and meadows have weeds  which- generally do not bother corn.  Sorrel, dock, ragweed and buckthorn  are the common weeds of this type.  In alfalfa, blue grass is a bad weed.  Most pasture and meadow weeds live  over year after year.  The Art of Handling: Men  Great Tact Is Required by Officers  >to Handle Men Successfully  When, a citizen  becomes a soldier  he  is  not  transformed    from  a  free  man to a cog in a machine.    That is  the purely  German  idea.'   It is   true  that the longer a man is under military discipline,  and  the  better he is  trained,    the readier he    becomes to  obey the will    of a  superior    officer  without     question,     almost    without  -Ihought-'but It "would'be a bad thing  for   Canada   if   the   military   training  were to be of a character to deprive  her soldiers of full citizenship. Training  can  never    be   long  and  severe  enough  to make a good  soldier respect an incompetent officer, no  matter how high his rank.    Soldiers cannot be deprived of their right to form  private judgment upon the men who  command them, notwithstanding that  they have little freedom of speech in  that regard.    Any friction,that there  may have been in  the past between  officers and men, and there has been  surprisingly little in  view of all  the  circumstances, has been chiefly owing  to the fact that the officers have not  understood how to handle men.  It is no  easy task.    One does not  Wants Soldiers on the Land  Co-operation of Overseas Dominions  Needed to Direct Returned Soldiers to Agricultural Pursuits  Sir Rider Haggard left a favorable  impression on his visit here ten years  ago. He was best known as a nov-  e a man of affairs and a farmer of experience.  Since then he has done some of his  best work and displayed his ability  to take hold of useful duties with the  ardor of the mystic, and literary  tasks with the illumination of the  seer. He has gone round the world  in an effort to excite interest in the  work of thc Royal Colonial Institute,  which he 'represents, in its effort to  direct men returned from war to  settle on land within the limits of  the Empire. He asserts that the  idea of there being much land fit for  settlement in England is a mistake.  Not so much as is supposed is occupied by the parks of million acres.  "You read of the waste spaces of  England," he says; "I fail to find  them. I admit that a great deal of  the land could be better farmed than  it is. Probably, gentlemen, you will  be able to make the same remark  about your own land." There are  difficulties about settling men on land  in England. Sir Rider speaks of the  peculiarity in the English character  that very few of those not actually  brought up on the land care to establish themselves on it, and if they  do, then their wives don't. ������������������ With the  disbanding of five million men he expects to see a great national unrest, f  and he desires that those who leave  the shores of England shall be directed to lands under the flag. He  has no scheme to propose, but invites  the co-operation of all the overseas  Dominions.���������Toronto World.  What the Drive is Doing"  There is no "sign as yet that the  Allies are within sight of that long-  desired hour when they can really  break through the German lines and  resume _the warfare of other days. It  is in its indirect results that/next to  the wearing down of the German  forces, the_ allied offensive is telling  most. It is preventing the sending  to the east to hold off the Russians;  it is straining the nerves and the resources of the German general staff  to the utmost, and it is hourly > bruising further thc! morale of the entire  German_people, who must now realize that their hopes of'an early and  separate peace with France���������which  they were told was to bc the result  of their capture of Verdun ��������� were  utterly without foundation. ��������� New  York Evening Post  Vegetables Keep Fresh.  Lettuce, parsley and all other  green things may be kept deliciously  fresh if first washed in cold water,  shaken and then packed in a in pail  that has a-very tight covei, So that  the air may not penetrate to them,  and set in a cool-place.., In the case  of lettuce, when the cover is removed  the leaves will pop up and yoU'will  find them as crisp and fresh as if  they had just come from the garden.  Even lettuce that has wilted to a  sorry state will revive wonderfully  if subjected to a few hours of such  treatment To purify greens that  are to-be eaten raw, use a pinch of  boric acid powder in the water in  which they are washed.  Tomatoes picked when just ripe  and firm and" attached to the stems  will keep almost indefinitely, with no  noticeable loss of freshness, if. covered with brine~made by dissolving a  teacup of sale in a gallon of pure  fresh  water.  Free Advertising:  The Newspaper Man    Is Often Expected to Give Away His Stock  in Trade and Work for Nothing  Nobody ever thinks of going to the  coal dealer and asking him to send a  little coal up to the church or lodge  room to heat up the building for a  meeting or entertainment. Nor does  one ask the ice cream man to donate  ice cream, nor does one suggest that  the electric light company furnish  lights for the occasion. But people  often express surprise and resentment if the newspaper man asks remuneration for an advertising notice  relative , to aforesaid ��������� meeting or entertainment  If the coal'dealer or the ice cream  man or the electric light company  should voluntarily donate said coal,  ice cream or lights, the recipients  thereof would be exceedingly grateful, and would probably, instruct the  newspaper man to run a free notice  telling the public all about the generosity of aforesaid coal dealer, ice  cream man or electric light company.  But nobody runs a notice eulogizing  thc generosity of the newspaper man.  For free advertising, especially 'of thc  reading notice brand (which, by the  way, is the most expensive in time  and labor), is taken for granted a������  the natural gift.  The editor very gladly gives a certain amount of complimentary space  to charitable and ,other organizations  weekly. Hc gives this freely, to the  exact limit of space available. This  complimentary service means work  for the 'compositor and work for the  make-up man. It is work absolutely  without ,hope of reward. And there  are in this community persons so  devoid of appreciation of courtesies  extended, that not only do they fail  to express gratitude for favors shown  but on occasion feel it incumbent up1  on themselves to bawl out the editor  if perchance he does not allow them  the quota of space they consider  their natural right If the butcher  should present them with a fine, juicy  steak Friday evening, would these  same persons visit his shop on Saturday morning and roast him to a  turn because the steak was not sufficient  for  their 'entire  family?  The newspaper main's space is  just as much his stock in trade as the  coal dealer's coal, the ice cream  man's ice cream, the electric light  company's electricity, "or the butcher's meats. The average man never  thinks of the hours of toil���������downright sweating toil���������it takes to get  'out a paper. He never thinks of the  worry, trials and tribulations every  editor must undergo. Every line of  type in a newspaper represents labor  that costs money, and there is a lot  of money tied up in type, composing  machines, presses and other equipment. Paper and ink, rent, heat,  light, power and insurance must be  paid for out of "the income derived  from the newspaper man's stock in  trade.���������-Exchange.  A Protest From the West.  Four hundred western   men are to  Japan on the War.  The present European war may  have been a great surprise to some-  people,biit it was a natural thing to  those who have studied western civilization carefully enough since the  19th century began. The present war  was .not started by the mistakes of  the statesmen and diplomats. Something in the western civilization caused this war. It was inevitable. It  was a great mistake that the west  tried to build itself upon commercialism,, nationalistic selfishness, materialistic, individualism and philosophy. The 19th century taught us  how to build states upon mistaken  principles of selfishness, materialistic  desires, national and international  forces. The 19th century has only  left problems to be solved by later  centuries. Thus, the 20th century inherited the civilization of thc west.  Japan is different from the west in  .social and industrial makeup; Japan,  therefore, has a pre-eminate and special position in the civilizing of the  world.���������Japan Advertiser.  A Great British Aeronaut.  General Henderson, the officer in  supreme command o.f the National  Flying Corps in Great Britain; gave  the following striking testimony to  one of his officers while submitting  evidence on the subject of the British aeroplane at-the'-'Royal Com-  piission appointed to do so: In relation to Lieut. Busk's death at Farn-  borough he said that Lieut Busk's  death was one of the greatest losses  that aeronautics had ever suffered,  for that officer worked out thc problem of inherent stability to a degree  never attempted before. He was a,  most  intrepid  pilot,  and in   order  to j Empire  prove that  his-stability    calculations'    . .   were, correct  he  went up to a great J Nickel  Will   Be   Refined  height on a B.E. 2C, turned her nose      The    manufacture     of  down   and   let   go   the  controls,  he expected she righted herself.  learn it as he studies the King's regulations. A knowledge of tactics and  strategy does not necessarily bring  with it a knowledge of the art of  making men do hard things and uncomfortable things cheerfully and  thoroughly. Many of our officers in  charge of a hundred or a thousand  men in uniform today never had the  ordering even'-of an office boy a year  ago. It is inevitable that they should  make mistakes, but ignorance of  things that are a common place to  every foreman of a section gang in  Canada ought not to disqualify an  officer*, for : His arduous duties if he  has the right stuff in him. He does  not need any quarter-deck manner,  or bluff "my man" airs. It is far  safer for him hot to bluff at all, to  first win' the liking of his men as a  man, and afterwards the respect of  the soldiers as their officer. If he is  able to impress those under him with  the fact that his first desire is to see  that his men get a square deal, and  if .he .is equally insistent that their  necessary work must be done, he has  conquered the chief obstacle to success as a leader.���������Toronto Mail and  I be drafted to fill up an Ottawa battalion, with more of the same thing  likely to follow to complete divers  arid sundry eastern battalions. How  would it be to change    the    system .'have already lined up contracts with  Industrial Competition  -The  Approaching    War  of  the' Engineers.  It is said���������but riot verified by any  official * announcement���������that the engineering classes of Germany feel  very little concern as -to.the return  cf German supremacy in the commercial world. An organization, with  the-'practical, recognition of th'erGov-  crnment, has been formed for co-operating with every branch of industry  to produce cheaper and better goods  than have ever or anywhere been  placed on the general maikct.  One of its aims will be velocity of  production, machinery being invented  to overcome difficulties that were before the war said to be insurmountable. This organization has issued,  so it is also said, its first report, in  which the engineers declare they  have less to fear from Great Britain  as a competitor than any other country,  except    perhaps    Japan.      They  Evolution of a Millionaire  What    Charles M. Schwab's    Viewu,  Are on the Gathering of"   '  -Wealth y\  "If this war lasts another twelvtf"  months the richest man iii the world  will be Mr. Charles M. Schwab, one;  of Mr. "Andrew Carnegie's young  partners, of whom Mr. Long, president of the Pittsburg Stock Exchange, said:  "The first time I saw Schwab ha  was a bare-footed boy at Loretto. ���������  The next time I saw him he was in  his $100,000 private car"���������a statement  which graphically illustrates the  amazing revolution in his fortunes.  In 1881 Schwab was thankful to  leave the counter of a grocery store  in Braddock, where he was earning  three dollars weekly, to drive stakes  for the Caincgic Company at what  seemed to him the princely pay of  a dollar a day.  Twenty years later, so amazing had  been his upward progress, he was  drawing a salary of '$800,000 a year  as President of the new American  Steel Trust and was thc holder of  stocks and shares valued $40,000,000,  representing $2,000,000 for every year  since he earned his first dollar as  stake-driver.  Today the fortune of Mr". Schwab,   '  ex-mail   cart  driver and  grocer's  assistant,  is estimated at anything between 15 and 20 million pounds.    So  colossal   is  it   that   when,', the   other  day,  his  sister married, he,was  able'  to    hard    her as    a wedding    gift a  cheque for $4,000,000 "without -miss-   ,  ing it" i-    ,  Asked the other dayy as to .-his in-"'  tentions.  in     the     disposal ..of   'his,  wealth,   he replied,   "I  have" not  had   ,  time to  give  the  subject- very 'much  attention. -   My    idea    of    wealth is  somewhat different to most people's.  I have observed that money 'given to ,  some people is like throwing seed on'  stony ground.    They don't know how-  to use it.    Money is only valuable in  proportion as it is sent on- a mission  ,,of reproduction, and up    to    the pre- ,  sent I  have not been burdened with"  the thought    of what shall    be done  with what I possess when I-am unable  to  manipulate  it.    I   am  chiefly  concerned in applying it in thc same  spirit as   I would  use machinery. for  the "production of steel plate.' Aloney  is a    very    useful    article    and    the ���������  greatest pleasure" that I  obtain from  having anything  to  do  with it is  to  see it grow.   Personally, I cannot say"  that I'ever sat down to contemplate-���������  the value of my monetary position���������  that   would   be   an   act   of  vulgarity, '���������  and vulgarity is terribly out of place   *  in  these  days."  ���������   ���������  ������������������ ��������� ��������� ��������� .        , ��������� - t  No More Germans in Russia  mim  "'-^ftii  'Iff:1  m  j?-<  m  iL  IP  II  mmm  and draft some of the fractional battalions from the eastern provinces  to fill up western units? The West  has been supplying men for eastern  battalions for upwards of two years  now, and if the rule is a good one  it ought to be given a chance to work  the- other way for a while.���������Edmonton  Bulletin^.  An Optimist's View of the Kaiser.  James M. Beck, the New York  lawyefy-whose writings and addresses  on the war have attracted world-  attention, . shoc������":ed the Pilgrim Society in London the other day by  saying that the Kaiser was "the most  beneficent statesman of  times." As samples of his beneficence, he said that "the Kaiser had  consolidated the British Empire, re-  invigorated France, reorganized Russia, and had brought the United  States and Great Britain nearer to a  realization of . tli at sympathetic understanding upon whicli an entente  cordiale must necessarily . rest, than  any other individual in the world."  This verdict might bc commended to  the Kaiser, with the injunction that  there's nothing like looking on the  bright side of things.���������Montreal Herald.  in   Ontario  Canadian  As' nickel in   Canada  is  to  begin  immediately,  as   soon,   that   is   to   say,   as  the  necessary arrangements    can  be  completed and the    accessary    plant  provided.    The work will be done by  the    International      Nickel    Co.,    at  whose refining plant  in   New Jersey  most     of   the   nickel   from     Ontario  mines    is now    being    manufactured.  The International Nickel Co. has al-  modern* reacb* given instructions    for the in-  1 corporation  of  a   Canadian   company  and it is  expected  thc plant  will  bc  located in Ontario.  Medal Sold for Naval Orphans.  Prince Louis of Battenberg has designed a medal to commemorate the  British    achievements     in   the   naval  battle off Jutland.    These are struck _^          _           .  in  gold,    silver,    bronze _ and    white J stringent   religious   objectors   cxemp  English Regulars Proud of Canucks  Lord Tennyson, writing in the  Times, quotes a letter from an English staff officer in France which  reads in part:    *""���������  "The Canadians have done -wonder-  felly- well. VVc are proud to be fight-,  ing . with them. The way they  fought to recover their lost trenches  was a lesson for everyone that we  shall never forget. They arc a most  hospitable and self-denying lot, and  will share the last crust or drop of  water with any one of us that needs  it. We have the greatest admiration  for them after the recent  fighing."  This story of one of the apt retorts of "Tim" Healy, who has been  figuring rather largely in the Parliamentary discussions on the Irish rebellion, was told the other day. During thc hearing of a recent case in  which he appeared a rasping vorce  coming from an adjoining room disturbed the court.  "Do you know what that noise is,  Mr. Healy?" asked the Judge.  "I think," retorted Mr. Healy, "it  must be one of my learned friends  filing an affidavit"  New Zealand for Compulsory Service  New Zealand has decided in favor  of a compulsory military service bill  applicable to men of any age not less  than 20 years and over 46. The only  important -amendment to the measure  by  the  executive   council  was  a  Jack: Did you tell her what you  said was in strict confidence?  Alice: No, I didn't want her to  think it was important enough to repeat.  metal and are sold at prices ranging  upward from one shilling. The  money is for the aid of naval orphans. The medal is the first of a scries Prince Louis intends to issue for  the same purpose.  He: The hand that rocks the cradle  rules  the world.    Don't  forget  that.  She: Then you come in and rule  the world a while.    I'm tired.  tion clause.    The governor has given  his assent to the bill.  A floor fourteen feet square might  be covered with a single ounce of  gold leaf.  China and shut out any possibility  of harm from the United States in  the  way of  rivalry.  England, however, has been far  from idle. The engineers���������that have  outclassed German inventions in this  war���������are .organizing their forces, and  they predict that,* if the Government  will co-operate with them for the  first five years after, the war, they  will make it impossible for Hamburg  or Bremen merchants to trade with  any natiori outside Arrierica.  Mr. Runciman, president of the  Board of Trade, one of the ablest  business men in England, is quietly  forming branches of aid to a campaign the nature of which will take  Germany and other countries completely by surprise. ..  Woman  Gets   Diplomatic   Rank.  A woman is now accredited with  diplomatic rank to thc British Embassy to the United States. This incumbent is Miss. Violet Erskinc, a  daughter of the British consul-gen^  eral at New Orleans, who is now a  member of the -staff under the commercial adviser and minister plenipotentiary, Sir Richard Crawford, the  British _ Ambassador, Sir Cecil  Spring-Rice having officially reported thc fact to the state department  at Washington.  His Line Was Spinach.  Applicant for Job on Agriculture  Paper:-Any chance to get on this  sheet?  Editor': Have you had any experience in growing things?  Applicant: Why, er���������I grew a  small beard once.���������Florida Times-  Union.  Willing to  Oblige.  "Have you a stove lifter I could  borrow?" asked the woman who had  just moved in.  "I'm sorry to say I haven't, but my  husband is a piano mover," suggested   the   woman   next   door.���������-Judge.  In Boston.  Small William: Father, kindly convey to. my mind the meanine* of the  word "hobo."  -Japanese dogs arc almost-destitute Paternal Ancestor: That is' the  of noses, haying the nostrils set di- consuetudinary designation of air in-  rectly m the head. digetrt traveller, my son.���������Judge  How German Spies Prevented Russia  From  Securing  Ammunition  Mr. Hamilton Fyfe, an authority  on Russian polities', and a warm  friend of thc present Minister for  Foreign Affairs, has been renewing *  his fraternisations with leading men  in that great Empire. For the first  time since. thc war began he takes  the world into his confidence and unfolds the ghastly truth about "the  failure of the Russians to maintain  their'armies in the field with sufficient munitions. It is generally supposed that the main loss began with  the blowing up of a great factory at  Petrograd. While that to some extent was true, it was not all the truth.  This is how the situation stood  twelve months ago:���������"Russia was in  a desperate case. I shall never forget  the atmospheie of gloom in which  we lived for a while after we knew  that thc armies were retreating because they had next to no ammunition. Many felt despair. Happily,  there were stout hearts and capable  heads among Russia's-leaders. Not  only among soldiers and officials,  but among manufacturers, -business  men, engineers; among the people's  representatives on t'o.wri and county  councils. Very quickly heads were  put together. Changes began to be  made.  And   this   is    how the treacherous  Germans served the unprepared    but,  long-suffering Russians:���������  "One of the factories I visited was  before the war under German.management. It remained under management tainted by German sympathies for some time after the. war. had  begun. Then the direction was  changed; became entirely Russian.  Since then the production has increased, the work has been more  satisfactory, thc workpeople are better treated, and therefore content. In  every way the clearing out of ihc  Germans, whether naturalized or not  has been an advantage. And, clever  as they are at wriggling and crawling, they will never find their way  back. Russia, under stress of war,  has made more industrial progress  that would have been registered in  fifteen years  of peace.  "The enemy did his best to stop  it, to tic up Russia's movements. A  general of artillery who took me over  a cartridge factory told how his attempts to buy a certain kind of wire  in neutral countries were watched  and combated by German spies. He  would go to a firm and arrange for a  purchase. Next day they would  send excuses. They had made a mistake. Other orders had precedence  of his. Or they had none of the  article in stock. He knew they had  been bribed or threatened. . He knew  quite will by sight the spies who  were tracking him. He got what he  wanted, but it took time.  "As one goes through these munition works in Russia one is told constantly, 'Here we have increased the  number of workmen by several .thousand,' or 'This has been enlarged  to thrice its former size,' or 'In these  works, the output was at first a few  thousand. Now it runs into hundreds  of thousands and is still going up.'  At one place forty thousand people  are working, mostly iff three shifts.  They make a town by themselves and  their families. They have schools of  their own (free to thc poorer workpeople), a vast co-operative store,  theatre and kihematograph. A Scots  man I found in a responsible position  there told me he never saw harder  work done, or a more intense keenness shown for quality as well as  1 quantity of output. ���������   , :  l  siiii^^P^ -' J., > ���-
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��H.E      GAZETTE..     HEDLEY.      B.      CA
13 Y
London, i'V*V.bowns, unci Tcfojlo
Altogether a man oT singularly
attractive presence, and Mabin, as
she shyly thanked him, felt inlcrcst-
cd and curious. Where did hc come
from? Who was he? What was he
doing  here?
"There you arc!" cried he, as, after
much shaking and pulling, and moving of' obstructive articles of furniture, he succeeded in forcing up the
window. "You've got air, at any
rate. Bul as to thc freshness of it,
��� that's quite another thing! However,
over here in this benighted hole, 1
suppose you don't sec the sun often
enough to miss him when he's away!"
He was standing back, smiling, and
wiping thc grime off his hands with
a colored pocket handkerchief. Mabin smiled demurely.
"Do  you   call   London   a   benighted
holer" she said in a shy voice.
".Most   certainly   1   do."
"Oh!"  said  she,  and  said  no   more.
It  was   not   proper  to   engage  in  a
long conversation     with     a  stranger,
aud besides,  she  had  nothing to say.
He, on his side, seemed lo be suffering from  similar  embarrassments. At
least, he "continued  to   rub  his   hands
long after Ihcy    were clean,    and to
smile at her as hc did so.    At last he
'"Where     T   come   from     there  are
r   trees as high as this house, and a climate  like   heaven."
"Yes. And after eight years away
from England, what you get here in
the way of a climate seems poor
*'Yes, J suppose so."
"And the people! Good Lord, I'd
forgotten how wretched the people
look here! What a lot of grimy
loaf.ers you sec in the streets, and
what a hard, devil's drive of a life
they seem   lo  lead!"
-Mabin w;,s interested. It seemed
odd a man who had never seen her
before should thus want to dash into
conversation about his view of what
she supposed was his native land on
his return lo it, but as hc was frank,
she took courage and was frank also.
,'"Why did^you come back to it,
then, if you don't like il?" she asked
innocently. **
He seemed taken aback l5y her
question,' and the way -in which he
looked down and smiled at her made
her feel quite confused, so that she
bent her head  and  grew  red.
"Well," he said, "that's a fair
question, but I'm afraid it would bore
you to hear thc answer, for it would
have to bc a long one. In fact,
there's   reams   of  answer���reams."
"'Oh,  I  didn't  mean "
Don't say that. I was delighted to
find that anyone in this old country
was even interested enough in me to
ask a  question  about  me."
"Oil,  pray  don't   think��� "
"I'd like to think that you wanted
to hear what l'.ni going to tell you,"
said hc, cutting her short in the most
good-humored manner, and plunging
into   a   startling   explanation���   .
"Look here. I went away from
England ;cight years ago because I
was in the way. And I've come back
because I, found put that it was being
taken for.gra'n.te'd. that I was out of
the way. That is, my kind friends
were asking for leave to presume my
death. What do you think of that?*'
"I think it was quite time that you
C3iiic back to show them that you
were alive," said Mabin, getting more
at her ease in the face of his ready
confidence, and of a certain sincerity
in the man's looks and manner of
speech, which charmed away her reserve.
"So think I," said he, with a smile.
"Though, in the circumstances, I
can't help being afraid that I shall
meet with a cool welcome."
Mabin felt more interested than
ever. Who were the odd people who
were not-ready to greet such a nice
man with delight' That was the
iirst thought that occurred to her,
and perhaps she showed her feeling
in" her pretty eyes.
*���    "You   do   yo.nr   friends   injustice,   I
should think," she said demurely.
"I'm   afraid   not,"   said   he,   with   a
shake of thc head.    "They've sent an
ambassador  to   meet  mc. today   here,
to  put me off."
"Yes; not very cheerful after eight
years' absence, is it? However, I'm
trespassing on you. You must forgive me. I'm a savage���absolutely
a   savage."
Al the moment there was heard a
sharp knock on the outer door of the
offices, and the bearded stranger, who
was holding the handle of the door
of the inner room, as if to show that
he was going to retire, although hc
could not bring his mind lo it, with-
drcvy with another apology for his intrusion.
Mabin heard the voice of thc clerk
a moment later, saying: "Someone to
see' you,  sir."
And then she heard thc bearded
stranger sav, curtly: "How do you
Another voice replied, in tones too
low for her to hear more than a word
or two of tiie commonplace greeting  littered.
There was a pause; the clerk retired, and then the voice of the newcomer, raised so that she could hear
him distinctly, called put to him that
he could go and get his luncheon.
"Thank y"ou, sir," said the clerk.
And during the pause that followed
Mabin heard the clerk go out, shutting  the  outer  door  behind  him.
Mabin felt very uncomfortable.
'Although she knew that the fair-
bearded stranger was aware of her
presence in  the  immediate neighbor
hood, she did  not like being so near, | The   Non-Coillbatant   Coi'pS
for llicrc was something in thc tones
of   the     two   men,   muffled     as   tb<"->*! Working  With  the Hands Was New
\oiccs were by the door between  the i _ .    .   ,    _ .     .-���,,���
two  rooms, which convinced her thai | to  Britain s Conscientious
the interview between  them  was go- Objectors
Frederick Paiincr writes from
British headquarters in France:
Unique    among    all    the   -^variegated
ing to bc of a very private nature
Certainly the fair-bearded man,
knowing of her presence in the adjoining room, could  adjust  his tones
lo   the   occasion.     But   the   fact   that limits of  lhc armies on lhc  continent
the  clerk  had   been   sent  out  seemed I is  thc B|.ilish  Non-Conibatant  Corps,
or otherwise the "conscientious ob-
jjectors," who do not want to fight
and are not expected to fight Not
fear, but conscience, is llicir reason
i for being excused. Before the war
| iu England, where individual rights
i are so strongly recognized, thc Qua-
I kcr was not required to bear arms
'because   il   was   against  his   religious
,   v,   ,     ,      ,    ,     ,   ,, ,      ,   i scruples.     When  compulsion  was ap-
'   But   she   lacked   the   courage  to  do I   ,.    j      *    . , '    ,     -r. ������      '-i
., ��� .   , ��� ,    ,i       Vi _ rplied another class arose.    J hcv said
this,   not  knowing  whether   the  new-   ',     " ., ,     , ���     .-
-as  *ini*t  id\:j  oil"   01   ".mod  oi  .\z\\  v\\
crecy   was   considered   desirable.
And  here  was she,  shut  in  so  near
them   that,  although   they  could   con-1
verse   in   undertones  and   be  unheard'
by   her,   they     could   not     raise   their
voices without her overhearing them, i
Should she walk boldly out!
through the adjoining room and re-'
turn   later? j
Dog* That Won the V. C.
Jack, the Famous Pet of the Guards,
Is Honored.
One of the most famous regimental
pets that ever lived was "Jack," who
wa.s found, when a poor little puppy,
b * a sentry outside St. James' Palace. Snow was on the ground at thc
lime, and the dog had evidently been
Tommy's French Bride
How Naturally Entente Marriage Alliances Are Fostered.
Frederick Palmer writes from the
British headquarters in France: One
of the results of thc presence of the
British army in France is that a good
many British soldiers will take
French wives home with them.    The
With the Boy Scouts     ,
Training the Youth  of Our Land to
Become Efficient Citizens.
Thc preparation, of the boy todaj
for the financial and commercial* war
of the future is a subject which presents itself to leaders of thought in
every civilized country. Thc spoils
of tlie.cconofnic war will go to those
11-tr'catcd,     so   the   sentry,     touched, ���"difference  in  language,   far  from   bc-  countries   best   equipped   with' health
neked   it   up   and   fed   it     The   dog   ing  a  bar  is an  accessory.- A)r.  At-ia"d   Physique,     common sense,   good
comer was Mr. Fryer or not, and be-
ini'*  a.':aid   to   ask.
So she kc|/' .'.'��� ���':*r from the door as
>1:C could, ii'. 1, l.if cki;.'. lhc pa:>er
which she had been given for Iter
r-iiui'.cnicnl on thc little tabic before
her, deliberately put her hands over
her cais, and tried lo bury harsc'.f
in the perusal of the only article *i't-
had  not yet  read.
For sonic minutes this device succeeded perfectly. Presently, however, she could not help hearing thc
voices grow louder, and in spile of
all her attempts to be deaf she heard
the voice of the man with the fair
beard  crying out sharply���
"It seems to mc he's got into .the
clutches of a lot of d d thieves!"
-Mabin took her hands from her
cars in dismay. Was she lo be made
"an eavesdropper against 'her will?.
Should she rush into thc next room
and show these two men, of whom
she knew the one appeared to bc as
oblivious as the other that someone
was within hearing*, that their conversation   wa.s  being  overheard?
The   voice'of   the   other   man,   not
so  loud as  that of his  companion ���  University
conciliator}-, oily���broke in    upon thejio   make
that they had conscientious scruples
against the taking of life. If they
would not light, then they must
work,  the   Government   decided.
Where a man who enters the army
under normal conditions must drill
for many months before he is sent to
thc front, the conscientious objector
is given a few days' drill, put in
khaki and sent to France at once.
There he wields the spade instead, of
the rifle. "There arc the N.C.C.'s
doing thir bit," said their commander, an officer with a strip of colors
on his breast who had been in several campaigns and so badly wounded in this war ihat hc was hardly fit
for active service. "They get thc
same pay as thc men in the trenches,
and the same rations, with an extra
iillow.incc   of meat  which  is given  to
lhc   laborers'  corps."
excited tones, and, happily for Mabin, she heard but little of what hc
said. All thai she knew was that he
was doing his best 'to soothe thc irritated' man, whose short, angry ejaculations broke in from time to lime
upon the smooth, even flow of the
other's   words.
Mabin, reassured after that first
outbreak -and the .instant subsidence
of the-noise, put ' her hands to her
ears again, and was successful in that
she heard nothing distinctly after
Finally both voices died away into
silence, and she took her hands from
her  ears  once more.
The sounds were different now.
One of the men was walking up and
down (he room, for she could hear
his-measurcd footsteps upon thc hard
linoleum-covered floor. He was
hummyig to himself as he walked,
and she thought this must be the
.niari she had not 'seen. She could
hear nothing whatever of thc second
man, until he called out sharply���
"Confound this pen; it . won't
write!"        '-   -��� -
And from this she knew; that it was
the man with the fair beard who was
writing, while the other walked.     .
Then, for a time, there was no
sound at all, and then���an odd sound,
as of something falling heavily, and
a cry, stifled at once, dying away into-
broken groans. This was followed
by a tremendous crash, as of something heavy  falling against the door.
���Mabin- sprang to her feet and
crossed the floor. The door opened
outwards, and although she could
turn       the handle,       she       could
only force the door open by about
an inch. There was something heavy
on. the other side.      v
All this time the faint groaning
continued, and she pushed again,
madly anxious to sec what had happened and who it was that had been
attacked. For she was sure, that an
attack had been made.       *--
But before she could do more than
push open the door by another inch,
and before thc space was wide enough for her to.sec anything on the
other side, the door was slammed,
and the key, which was on the outer
side, was  turned in  the-lock.
"Open,  open  the   door!"  cried  she.
There came no answer, and for
some  seconds  she   heard   nothing.
Then  the  sound  of  footsteps  came
faintly   to   her  cars,     hurrying   away,
and  the opening and  shutting of the
middle    door    "was   followed  by    the
rnd   shutting     of   the   outer
At *lhe time thc N.C.C.'s were engaged in railway work. Practically
without exception they arc men unused to manual labor, but though it
was pretty hard at first they said
thai they would bc inured to it in
time. One was a B.A. of Cambridge
None had any complaints
The majority were clerks
and those who were not were usually
shopkeepers. Many were members of
the Plymouth Brotherhood, a sect
which holds much the same views as
the Quakers. These said that it* was
against their cfced to fight and ihcy
would not break their creed. Tlrey
spoke quite frankly about thc charge
of cowardice whicli is made against
them, aud seemed to realize that they
were the anathema and laughing
stock of the millions of their fellow-
countrymen who are offering their
lives  for Britain.
"T do not want lo kill anybody. 1
do not believe in war,*' one said. As
an exponent of passive resistance he
was ready to work nt command, but
no powers could make him fight. "If
we arc sent up to work tinder shell
fire I think that you -will find thai
most of us will not flinch," he added.
One, of. the unmilitary characteristics
which amuses Air. Thomas Atkins is
that the N.C.C.'s all address one another*, as "Mister." One mentioned
that their conversation around the
mess table was very "intellectual and
thoroughly  enjoyable."
"If you want any proof that. England is a ��� free country," said a sergeant of regulars, "you have it in this
lot How much of a chance would a
band of conscientious objectors stand
in a- German army? Meanwhile the
fighting'army protects them from the
enemy aiid from public opinion. But
let them have their way. There
aren't ���many of them." A shirker
may not suddenly become a conscientious objector in-order to escape service. Anyone who aspires to the
N.C.C. must prove that beheld conscientious scruples against fighting
before  the   war.       One  conscientious
picked it up and fed it The dog
eventually became very much attached to the sentry, whose regiment, the
Scots Guards, adopted the animal as
a pet
Jack went all through the Crimean
War, fighting tooth and nail by the
side of his master and once going so
far as to save his life. One of the
enemy  came  at  the  erstwhile   sentry
for the courtship to" develop. Frequently British battalions remain in
thc same seclion for months on end.
When thc mtn have done their shift
in the trenches they return "in rest"
as the saying goes lo the same vil-
witli" his gun  clubbed but Jack .went | lages  where they were before.    Usu
kins teaches Miss France English and I "jorals, energy, ability and education.
Miss   France    teaches'    Mr,      Atkins1' 0��r    energies,"    says     Sir    Robert   .,
French.     There   is   plenty   of   leisure i Badcn-1?owcll,     "should     be   concen- -*���
for him! Sad to relate, however,
Jack's master was killed -at Inker-
man. When the regiment came home
Queen' Victoria was so touched by
the   story   that   she   liad   a   miniature
ally they have quarters in- French
houses, in a sense they become members of thc community.
With   the   French   men   folk  away,
Mr.   Atkins   lends   a" hand .with   any
Victoria Cross made,  which she_pre-  heavy    work  that  requires     a  man's
sented   to .the  gallant  little     animal,
together with  thc  Crimean  medals
The War's History
How Much Do Wc.Know About the
Great Struggle.
How much do wc know about the
war wc imagine ourselves to J-e seeing? If wc could read now thc history .which will be published 50 years
hence, wc-might not be .able, to rcc-!
ognize the story. It may minimize
or leave out many of the things
which seem to us now to be the i
most important and dwell on events
we have not even heard of. In this
age of light, much of the war is being
fought in the dark.
The Marquis of Crewe, on July 20,
1916, tell-rthe House of Lords for the
first lime that from December, 1914,
lo September, 1915, war was going
on upon thc northwestern frontier of
India; that in that time there wcre.no
less than seven separate attacks,
*'somc of a very formidable character." A mere attack of unorganized
and ill-armed tribesmen could not bc
"formidable" lo the government of
India. What has been going on
there? The danger must be over, or
the government, which/ concealed it
so successfully, would not admit it
now in this way. It must have been
a "formidable" danger indeed when
no hint of it was allowed to leak out
to a nation -.which was permitted to
learn of the failure in the Dardanelles campaign and the disaster in
Mesopotamia. It is plain to sec that,
though wc, thc contemporaries, know
nothing of the war in India of 1914-
15, our children will bc devoting
much attention to it in their study
of history in school.
, A matter of much less significance,
but illustrating our contemporary ignorance, loo, is that of the postcard
received by the American Board
from a missionary nurse in Turkey���-
apparently a mere note of greeting,
but containing mysterious /references
to one verse in the Book of Job and
one in the Psalms. On looking up
the references the fact is revealed������
choiei*a is raging and famine is' at
hand. The-ingenious'nurse smuggled
the fact past the Turkish censor on,
the postcard.. Hitherto the world has
remained in ignorance of it���aiid of
how "much else that is going on in
Turkey we have no idea, for that
country has been masked from us for
months.: As to Persia, our knowledge of the important events that
have been taking place there is practically at zero; If we. could have a
glimpse  at  the   school  histories���aiid
strength. Only today the correspon
dents saw a British soldier' driving a
harrow. A feminine hand does some
sewing or cooking for him in return.
The romantic atmosphere is not lacking. When the Briton says "au re-
voir"-to his^ sweetheart and starts for
thc trenches hc may never come back
and he is-going tonight for France.
On Sunday afternoon the girls are
out in their best frocks, as they are
everywhere else in the world, and
walking with, them along the roads
and lanes are men in khaki. Their
conversation is a mixture of French
and English. It is not romance
alone that leads thc Briton to marry
in Franco. He has learned to admire
the thrift and cleverness' of the
French woman and her industry in
taking the place of her fathers and
brothers   who  are  at  the  front.
tratcd on training thc rising generation to thc fullest possible extent in
individual character, technical effici-'
ency and physical health.. With this
foundation   they  make    efficient  citi-
_ While London Laughs
The Poor Are    Economizing - While
the   Rich   Indulge   in   Extravagances.
We arc told in .these war times we
must "economize"; wc must do without luxuries; we must cut down, expenses, and s,ave. all we possibly can
���not_ only to help in the carrying
on of the war io a victorious finish,
but also in the event of .possible
pinching days lo come. This is sound
and wise advice on the part of our
parental government, but. how is it
followed? The very poor are economizing���because they must; but the
rich ? As a plain matter of fact London never "gave itself over to. a
wilder, w;ickcder orgy of folly,' fashion, reckless extravagance and easy
morality than at the "present'moment.
Willi * battle, murder ." and, sudden
death in the very air,, never were the
expensive restaurants more crowded;
never was more money wasted on
needless "delicacies of food. ��� arid
never1 was there a /more absurd and
fantastical riot- of outlandish and immodest clothing among women than
may be seen at- any "smart set"
gathering held, for such, "charity" as
truly "covers a multitude1 of sins:"
It is bewildering and//.amusing; but
there is something terrible about it,
too! Terrible ��� because-the eating,
drinking, dancing, gambling . section
of London society strikes a sharply
discordant note against; the /fighting,-'
bleeding*,''.''tortured; .suffocating,, dying
thousands of human beings who,: but.
a short .distance away across Channel, are being slaughtered ��� while
London  laughs!���Marie  Corelli.
objector, deserted.     This     backslider   the school geographies, too���of  1936,
decided  to   fight   and  went    back   to
England   to   drill   in  a  line   regiment.
Holland's Conscription
Small  Nation  Decided  on Preparedness  Before  Present War.
we should probably be amazed-, .to
find what momentous things can' be
done in this age of light without the
world even hearing of them.���New-
York  Times.
Hungry and  Sleepless   Germans.
"Especially significant is the disclosure of the lack of food now in
For a long time Holland resisted the army and navy," writes an in-
universal military service. She de- vestigator into tlie blockade condi-
pended on professional or volunteer, lions of Germany. "A reservist,
soldiers as ��� more in accordance with writing to his wife, says; 'I am go-
her great democratic traditions. But ing into the trenches, but I ariV very
several years before this war the; glad, for then I shall get -"decent
Hollanders came to a realization of
the    folly    of   trusting   to a "citizen"
(To   Be  Continued.)
���    Thc R.N.W.M.P.
-From     time  to     lime     wc   read  cf
clever   captures     made     in     Western
Canada   by   thc  "motilities."     Only  a
army to bc raised after war began.
Military service now devolves equally
on all citizens, although there are exemptions of certain specified classes.
About 50,000 men    come of    military
food.'* A letter found on one of the
crew of a German torpedo-boat declared: '.I cannot sleep on account
of hunger. . . . The treatment
here is only lit for swine and not
for soldiers.' "
Meat  and  fat  are  thc  commodities! ��ru,r-
Khaki-Clad Figure in the Top Buggy
"The  boy  in  khaki "/
"With  tlie girl beside him.
"On the seat of a covered buggy,
-. "And the horse travelling through
thc light of summer Sunday evening." .'.',.������ : '".     ' ' -.   ^
The boy is home on his last leave
before the battalion ' goes overseas.
The boy and. the girl in the top buggy-
go over the remembered road to the
old- church and home again.       . -**���-
The boy m khaki in thc top buggy
is a splendid and heroic figure���may
God bless him.and keep him and
bring him back to the girl, to the old
home, thcold road, the old church,
and all tlie summer beauty of the
fairest land on earth ���thc land for
whos.e sake thc boy goes to battle,
wounds     or    death.���Toronto     Tclc-
few davs ago an escaped negro crim- ! v,}cu   tl,e xvar keg*-n and  so  the   full
ina!  was "corailed" just south of this I llfcc,s of lls- Provifioiis have not  yet
age     every   year.      Of    these, ��� about  which   arc   most   scarce; ��� rations   are
22,000  are   taken   into   the  army   and: not far     removed     from     starvation
600 into thc navy.    Sixty per cent, of, point,   and   there   seems   lo   be   grave
the   young   men   escape   military   ser-'
The   present   conscription   law   had
been   .'n  force  only  eighteen   months
doubt  whether even  this modicum is
within   the  reach  of  everyone.
Invest  Mounted  Police ol-j';C'cn rnUzeil.    The period of training
t the present time prcpar-   ,or   most""bi*aiich cs   is   fixed   at   eight
June     30  were  as
W.     N.
U.     1119
ingr"toai start   on -an   expedition   "into | a."-1 10"--"*llt "lontlis.     .! Ins is a very j Horsed,  2";990;635;  milch  cows,
the  Arctic   regions   in   search"   of   Es-1 short   term   of  instruction   and   there!-   - *.������.....*
"       '""' '      " J""?'   "as ,DT\""-"""-jW   -"-  -'^-Viaii increase of "other cattle" by 427,-
OU -Vfi,"MOlV n , nlf    *?,SSf? ��   11913' I 364.    Thc decreases apply principally
1914 and 191a are all with the colors, j to   Eastern  Canada;   in  the   West   -II
j descriptions show increases over hist
Two married women were having a I year  oxecor  swine  in   all   three   Pro-
chat,  and,., as ugual, the  conversation   vinccs    and "other    cattle"  in  Mani-
British   and   Indian  Bravery
"It  was  and  is   the   British   officer
who makes the Indian army," an old
  spldicr   of  the  Sikh  army  once  said.
j "Our men were as good as vours, our
Farm   Live   Stock   in   Canada. guns were belter, but our old Sirda.rs
ll is estimated by the Census and ! sl'l on tbeir elephants and called out
Statistics Office, Ottawa, that thei'Chalo, chalo' (Go on, go on), while
numbers   of  farm   live   stock  in   Can-   your  little  officer  boys   ran   out  with
drawn swords crying 'Chale ao,- chale
ao' (Come on come on)." Bc it noted   that   the     Sirdars   did   not     lack
zens and equally, if need be, the.most, (!
efficient   soldiers."      The- Boy   Scout ,S
movement is performing that service  'A
in'a ..remarkably efficient  way.     The "'
Boy Scout is taught to bc a healthy*
man,  a   gentleman,    and  when   right*,
needs  the    assistance    of might, 'the-1
muscle is available, too.   *
A  Scout's   diity  and  promise  is  to*
help other people at all times.- Some *.'
Scouts, in fact.most Scouts, will  ;go"'
out of "their way to  fulfil this prom---,
ise.   A'very interesting story',  which''
is  to    the point,    is  told    of a  Boy,-
Scout at Southampton, England."   An r
officer  embarking  for  the'front  had '
no   time     to   make   some' purchases   -
which he had meant to'in the town.' ���
Hc    gave'   a    considerable    sum    of -'<
money and a  lis't  of commissions  to ,'
a  Boy  Scout   serving  under  the  embarkation, officer,  but. the ship  sailed'
before the-*Scout had returned.-   /The/
officer     thought    that      that   -meant',
"good-bye"  to  both  money and piir-
chases.   The Scout, however, had the
ship signalled so that it was to stop'
in  Southampton  Water; he comman-'
deered the Port Officer's launch and*-
delivcrcd the  goods  and  the changef.
When offered a tip", he said: "Sorry, <
sir;   on   duty." .       ��
A   prominent    statesman    once re��
marked    that    whatever      pessimists .
might say of. our Empire, there is undoubtedly   creeping   into   it   a   desire,
to   do,   each   of   us," something    that
counts.      And  there is plenty of opportunity.    In  the   Scout    movement.
there    are many    openings for such '���
service.    Whatever his*age oralis infirmity, whatever his standing or his
inability    to   find   time,    there  is   in.
opening  for  every  man  in  Scouting.','
lt_ may be as  a commissioner to ad-.,
minister a  district,  or as an instruc- .
tor to those boys  wishing to qualify"
for  the  many  proficiency  badges,   or   '
as an occasional evening visitor to a'
troop.   "It is a grand work and sporting    work    by which    you can leave
your mark behind you in the shape of
lives saved for the individual as well
as r-*" for   the     nation,"   declared     our
The character of the Boy Scbuti
movement will be"**hest understood by
a glance at the "promise" exacted of
each boy as he becomes a member:
"I 'promise on my honor, first, to be
loyal lo God and to the King; second, to try to do a good turn daily
to other people; and third, to obey <
the' Scout law." He is accepted'by
the-Scoutmaster, who says: "I trust
you, on your honor, to keep this
promise. You are now one of tlie-
gfeat brotherhood of Scouts." At
the very outset the boy is placed
upon his honor, the strongest sentiment in the heart of a healthy boy.
His; manliness is appealed to and
properly approached, a boy's manliness seldom fails. He is treated as
a riian, and the result almost invariably is that he acts as a man. This
i% one of the great lessons taught by
the Boy Seoul movement to both
parents and teachers. The Boy u
Scouts in Great Britain arc at present regarded as about as necessary a,
part of the war as arc the regular
soldiers. It has been demonstrated
already in thc history of this movement that Boy Scouts make the best
soldiers, as many of those who began as Scouts are now fighting the
Empire's -battles in Europe, and
above all it has been demonstrated '
that in fulfilment of their initiatory
promise they become good citizens,
loyal to God and the King, and doing good to their fellow-men...
King George's Memory.
King George's wonderful memory
for faces was again demonstrated on
a trip through the accident ward of a
great hospital. Two years before on
a visit to the same hospital he talked
to a patient with a broken leg. This
time he recognized the* same man.
"You were here last time I came,"
said the King "but you were in that
bed over there."
"Yes, your Majesty," replied the
man, "it's the other leg this time."
- r
that it will be crowned with success.
The mounted police seldom or never
let a murderer escape in their territory. Thc chase is invariably maintained until the shedders of blood
arc brought to justice or perish in
the wilderness. That is why Western
Canada and the far northern country
is. a pretty safe country to travel in.
���Medicine  Hat Times.
Ancient Armor Revived.
French poilus may soon fight in
ancient armor.' The success of the
new steel helmet in reducing fatal
wounds has started a movement in
Paris to protect the throat, cheeks,
shoulders and heart region by steel
Jplates  capable of turning a bullet.
veered around to  the expense of liv
"It's crally awful how the    rise    in
prices     has   affected  us!
sadly.    "Why, do you know that my
bills   for    clothes   this  year    exactly
double what they were last year?"
"Goodness!" gasped the- other. -"I
don't sec how your husband can afford  it."
"He can't," replied the first calmly. "But, then, he couldn't afford it
last  year,  so.  what's the  difference."
Burglar (just acquitted) to his
said one, lawyer: I will drop in soon and see
Lawyer: Very good; but in the.
daytime,  please.
Voice of Orderly (outside door):
I've got a verbal message for ye,'
Sergeant: Well, can't you put it
under the door? -
What Germany "Must Have."
W'c keep -seeing a Jot of foreign
dispatches which quote Von This and
Von That as assuring thc Teutons
that Germany must have all sorts ef
tl-.ings; world trade, colonies, sea
freedom, boundaries, guarantees, assurances, alliances, etc., etc. They
don't get at the point. Germany
must have statesmen. She has soldiers.���Collier's  Weekly.
"Can you keep a secret?" "I am
silent as the tomb.** "I need to borrow some money." . "Don't woiry,
old  man.    It  is  as  though   I   never'
A Tall Order.
An old Highland sergeant was
going his rounds in the barracks one
night to see that all lights were out.
Coming to a room where hc thought
he saw a light shining, he roared
out,  "Pit  oot   that  licht  there!"
One of the men shouted back,
"It's the ninne sergeant!"
Not hearing very well, the sergeant cried in return, "I dinna care
a brass button what it is! Pit it
oot I','.
.' *r
' 'I
Alpine Wounded Let Down By Wire
Italians fighting in the hills are in*
no danger of perishing from lack
of food and fuel. They have good
kerosene stoves to keep them warm,
and their oil and meat and bread arid
wine arc sent up to them by a suspension railway, the wire , rope, with
its sliding baskets stretched across
the chasms and thc tree tops. Wounded men are sometimes sent down
by that sagging rope when there is
no other means of getting them away
quickly, clinging as best they rmy
to the swaying boxes.
OB '&������&&?&  !>���������>-*���������  -i>*Ao"-K.  -si."  '-*���������*-*������*  f, If     .r'/l-fSl  /THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.    '  for Flay foil  NOTHING//  BETTERS  o   ' FOR     \Xifi  SUMMER /  r���������U  fern bv Eves-y Hembcs*  of fhc Fami!'  A Roal  i tvor  Simulation.  OOLD WATCH  N   A  --���������.j  B O ���������  B ���������Y  L.-N  -O M  SY ���������  - E Y  In this puzzle you  see four lines of  letters. Fill in the  missinR letters so  that each line spcll> *  a well-known town '  in th"! world. A  Magnificent Watch.  Lady's    or     Gent's  ('-tuarantecd five years), will be sent free of  charge to . readers of this piper who solve  this puzzle and conform to our one condition.  It costs you nothing to try Send your  answer together with stamp, that we may  ������������������--nd you result All failing to do this will  be disqualified. SBND NOW t  '���������BARGAIN" WATCH CO. t( **0������ Dept.),  89, Goniwallls Rd., ������iond6n, 'N.  World's Potato Crop  Germany   Leads in Total   Yield for  Year-of 1914.  The world's potato crop in 1914  covered 30,000,000 acres, . giving a  yield  of 4,375,000,000 bushels.  Of the' total acreage Russia had  9,000,000 and Germany 8,367,000.  Gcimany led in total yield, however,  with' 1,67-1,000 bushels, against less  than one billion for Russia. France  had half a billion bushels, and the  United  Slates 405,000,000.  In yield per. acre, Norway came  first with an average of 247 1-2  bushels; Great Britain and Ireland  second with 241, Trance third with  230, Holland fourth with 223, and  Germany fifth with 200. The avcr-  for Canada was 180, and for the  United  States  109.  hi Germany, which produces well  over one-third of the world's potato  crop, only 28 per cent, of the yield  is used for human food in normal  years. Forty per cent, of the total  is'-'fed direct to animals, 100,000,000  bushels are used in the making of  alcohol, and 50,000,000 bushels rrc  utilized in the manufacture of starch  and  allied  products.  In Japan a start has also been  made in-the manufacture of starch  from potatoes in a large way, .t'rc  output for 1914-15 being 35,500,000  pounds.  Good-bye to Asthma. Persons  suffering from that extremely trying  trouble known as asthma know what  it is lo long with all their hearts for  escape as from a tyrant. - Never do  they know when an attack may come  and they know that'to struggle unaided is vain. With Dr. J. D. Kcl-  logg's Asthma, Remedy at hand, however, they can say good-bye to their  enemy and enjoy life again. It helps  al once.  Honor to Uruguay  Only Country    That Would,   Send a  Ship   to   Rescue   Shackleton  Party.  Uruguay is a little country, especially as South American countries  go, and few people in this part o'f the  world know much about it except  that it is somewhere along tlie upper  stretches of a big river, and that its  chief products, as the geographies  say, are cattle and revolutions. This  lack of information, however, probably proves more about our own  mental furnishings than it docs about  the importance and incanscqiicnlial-  ity of  Uruguay.  Of all the nations not engaged in  a great war and therefore desperately busy, only Uruguay has had  and promptly acled on the estimable  impulse to send a 'ship to bring  Shaekleton's men back from their  dreary prison on  Elcphantlsland. .  .  Uruguay's^ obligation _ to rescue  these freezing and starving sailors  and. scientists is "rather less than  more than thc one resting on the  other larger and richer non-belligerents, for the increase of whose scicn-  tilc knowledge as much as that of  Great Britain those brave explorers  risked  their  lives.  But 'it was Uruguay that had the  happy thought and is carrying it out  at its own expense.���������New York  Times.  GOOD DIGESTION  SOURCE OF HEALTH  The Life of the Guns  The Lights  Qf 65 Years Ago  Are still doing duty in  '       ,    the shape of  I  Sixty -"five years ago  the firstCanadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull" by \ "Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches,  Specify "Eddy's."  Grain Smut  Treating Seed Grain for ,Smut Is a  Good Practice.  grain first heads  out  is  the  amount of  Holland's Help  '   To Belgians  Excellent  " Work    Being    Done    in  Looking After Refugees.  Holland is"*ccrlainly casting bread  upon the waters. Iir addition to lhc  sum of $5,000,000 supplied Belgian  refugees through donation, $5,000,000  has been contributed by thc Dutch  government. Two million dollars  ha\e/bccn voted for the coming year  and'' unless peace comes soon one  million more will probably bc granted. The Belgian government made  an offer of reimbursement whiclT  Holland declines. The refugee  camps, under control of the government, arc well organized and have  churches,    schools,    shops    and po=t-  Whcn  best  lime  to   observe  the  smut in it.  Thc smuts of grain are carried  from year to year in the spores of  smut either on the surface or within  tITe kernels of grain. If a head of  smutted grain is observed in the  field and one takes pains to trace the  head down to t^ic plant from which  it comes and pulls up thc whole  plant, he will find that all of thc  heads coming from that -plant are  smutty, and consequently will not  produce  grain.  Throughout the West, there is a  loss usually of from one dollar and  upward per acre of grain due to the  effects of smut.  Practically every particle of this  smut could bc controlled by treating thc seed grain. Every farmer  knows how to treat seed grain for  smut, or hc can find out very easily.  Thc cost of treatment, labor and ma-  tciial included, will normally bc less  than five cents per acre. y  ' Wc know of no other investment  that will return as large a profit. We  are sure that more farmers would  treat for smut if they .would lake the  trouble to examine their grain' fields  when they arc heading out and actually make a count of the smutted  heads in a given area.  A good way to do this is to drop a  barrel hoop down in a grain field and  count all the stalks of grain within  thc hoop, and then count the number  of smutted heads. If one docs not  actually look for smut hc may pass  through a field every day in wliich  there is as much as ten to fifteen pcr_  cent, of smutted heads and never no  lice them.  further. - The inner sur  becomes roughened, and  begin to corrode. Finally,  becomes so enlarged that  the gases to escape. The  not then acquire its proper  lie re:  to  iugecs arc not compelled  bill e. small wage is offered  r.b an inducement to do so, and they  are* employed in constructing small  wooden houses which can be used  now and readily removed to "Belgium  after the war.  Fxccil-jnt educational facilities are  oR'eicd Und.-r thc dircction_ of the  Dutch-Belgian commission 50 primary schools have been established,  with 4,500 scholars, certified Belgian  teachers  being  employed.  Holland is playing the part of a  real neutral ��������� a noble humanitarian  part. Slufwill emerge from the European holocaust beloved of all her  neighbors.  Which is another forceful argument for woman's rule.���������Cleveland  Tress. 0  A Standard Medicine.���������Parmclcc's  Vegetable Pills, compounded of entirely vegetable substances known to  have a revivifying and salutary cf-  -fccl upon the digestive organs, have  through years of use attained so eminent a position that they rank as  a standard^ medicine. The ailing  should remember this. .Simple in  their composition, they can bc assimilated by thc weakest stomach  and arc certain lo have a healthful  and agreeable effect on the sluggish  digestive organs.  Empire Rebuilders in a Hurry.  Over-anxious politicians by attempting lo "rush" the qtic-jtion of  Empire reconstruction can undo the  work of all the heroic Empire-  builders in British history. Thc refusal of the Canadian press, generally speaking, to jump hastily lo conclusions is very satisfactory. Regard  for the rights of others under the  flap as well as pride in the Empire  itself make it desirable that -this very  important and difficult Imperial problem shall he paid the respect of close  and   exacting   study.���������Montreal   Mail.  English Stock Breeding and the War  Notwithstanding thc war, British  pure-bred stock is still being sent to  all parts of Lhc world. A shipment  of Yorkshires was recently made  from an English herd to a Russian  cslrlc. A Berkshire boar exported  to South Africa a short time ago has  obtained the medal for the best animal of his breed in the new commonwealth. A shipment of Oxford rams  was recently bought on Chilian account.  Fanner  and   Stock  which these facts arc  English  breeders arc  ing for  that  war. The French demand for breeding sheep is expected to bc especially  huge. French authorities say that at  the conclusion of hostilities there  will be a large extension of the area  of pasture land in France, and th.it  lilt breeding of sheep will bc gre.-tly  increased. There is little doubt, sa*. s  Farmer and Stock Breeder that theie  are several English breeds -which  would produce a distinct improvement among tlie local breeds of  ' Fiance and Ktiss'ia. **  Erosion Sooner oi- Later Impairs tha  Acru-acy of Fire.  Thc life of a gun depends upon the  progress of erosion, which soom;** or  later is certain to impair the .accuracy of fire. Erosion is caused by the  action of the explosive gases at high  temperature and pressure. According to the Iron Age, thc hot gases  cause a thin film of steel to absorb  heat. .The film expands and becomes  set. Upon the release of the pressure, it contracts, wliich causes minute cracks that grow larger with  every discharge. As they increase in  sizc-thcy form passageways for morel? .^nrc  hot gas, and that tends to enlarge ���������"!,  them still  f,,'-,|i"i-   -   Tim    ".-..ic-  cur.   airectccl  face   thus  the bands  thc   bore  it  allows  shell docs  rotation; and its flight becomes cria-  tic. All guns except small ones are  now constructed with linings in the  tube,'which, when the bore is worn  out, arc removed and replaced by  new ones. Thc cost of rcliuing a gun  is approximately 30 per cent, of the  cost of thc gun. There appears to  be no limit to the number of times  thai a gun can bc rcliucd. Thc small  arms used in this country arc considered lo bc worn out after 5,000 to  7,500 rounds have been fired. Small  naval guns can be fiied about 1,000  limes before they  worn out. Large  fourtccn-inch naval  crcd to have a life,  f 10111 150 to 200 rounds. Low velocity guns, such as howitzers and mortars' have correspondingly longer  lives than thc high-velocity guns of  thc same calibre,'because the pressures they develop, and hence the  temperatures   are   lower.  arc    regarded  as  twelve-inch   and  guns  arc  consid-  011 one lining, of  Breeder from  taken says that  already prcpar-  thc larger trade with France  expected   to   follow  aflcr  the  Picnic  "The  amateur  met always stri"  curatcly.     flow   do  docs it?"  "That's   easy.     He  ^���������up   the  dates   of  the  picnics."  Weather.  weather    prophet  I  cs the 1 amy days ac-  you   suppose   lie  merely   gathers  Sunday   school  When Your Eyes Need Care  ���������"-"���������i-Murine Eve Medicine. NoSnini'tinj**���������Feels  Fiuc ���������Acts Q-iIcldy. Tiy it for lied, Weal:,  Sore Ej 09 anil Granulated Eyelids. Murine Is  compounded by our Oculists���������not a "Patent  Medicine"���������but used iu successful Physicians'  Practice for many jenrs. Now dedicated to  the Public and sold by Di uggists at 50c per  Bottle. Murine Eye Siilve iu Aseptic Tillies,  ,15c and 50c. Write for book ol the Eye Free.  Murine Eya Remedy Company, Chicago. Adv.  W.   **N.     U.     1119  Schoolboys' War Geometry  The Lyonian, thc organ, of the  Lower School at Harrow, has tlie  following: A subaltern i"* one who  has a position, but no magnitude. A  Tuikish communique lies equally 011  any point. A soldier equal to a  Tommy is equal lo anything. If  things are double thc price of the  same thing obtainable elsewhere, it is  a War Oflice contract.  Jones: I suppose, merely as a matter of parental duly, I shall have to  lake that boy to  thc  circus.  Mrs. Jones: But I dont' want him  to  go  this year. +  Jones: Then I shall have to go  alone.  Empire Unity a Spiritual Unity  Thc moving spectacle which the  passionate^ loyalty of the Overseas  Dominions has furnished has given  an impressive reply lo those who  thought thc Empire could only be  held together on a ten per cent, basis.  The unity of the Empire is a spiritual unity', and il has survived thc  greatest strain ever put upon the relations of widely separated peoples.  It has been, especially in South Africa, the triumph of thc principles of  liberty in human government. We  must take care thai wc d9 nothing  to destroy that splendid inheritance  in thc future, but it will bc obvious1;  as Mr. Asquith said, that with all thc  varied experience of this war, with  all thc new obligations inclined, and  the new visions of neutral necessity  that have been revealed, wc must revise thc character of the Impeiial  partnership. In that close and connected review the case of Ireland  will have its due place, and in the  larger atmosphere that will prevail  Ireland will have no cause lo doubt  that justice will be done ii/thc settlement of her place in the general  scheme.���������London   Daily  News.  When the Stomach Is Out of Order  the    Whole    System.  Suffers.  Indigestion is one of the most-distressing maladies afflicting mankind.  When thc stomach is unable to perform the work nature calls for, the  result is severe pains after eating,  nausea, heartburn, fluttering of the  heart, sick headache, and often a  loathing for food, though the sufferer  is really half starved. People with  poor digestion, loo, frequently try all  sorts of experiments to aid thc process of digestion, but there is only  one way in which the trouble can actually be cured, that is ihrojigh the  blood. That is why the tonic treatment with Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  cures even the most obstinate cases  of indigestion. They make rich, red  blood that strengthens thc stomach  and the nerves, thus enabling it to do  its work. The process is simple, but  the result means good appetite and  increased health and pleasure in life.  In pi oof of these statements, Mrs.  Albert Hall, Sonya, Out., says: "I  have used Dr. Williams' Pink Pills  with wonderful results. For - two  years I was a great sufferer from indigestion, which almost made me a  physical wreck. At times my sufferings were so great that I was unable  to attend to my household duties. I  had smothering spells at times and  was afraid lo lie down lo rest. After  every meal, no matter how sparingly  I ate, I suffered great distress. . I  tried several doctors but their medicine was of no avail. I saw Dr.  Williams' Pink Pills advertised to  cure this' trouble and decided to try  them. I had not been taking them  long when I fell somewhat improved. This improvement continued "and  after taking ten boxes I could eat  and digest all kinds of food and felt  belter than I had done for years.  You may bc sure I am very grateful  for the wonderful, relief these pills  have given.nie. 1 know they are also  1 cure for anaemic sufferers, as an  c friend'of mind was badly  with Ibis trouble, and after  taking scvcial boxes she was entirely cured."  You can get these pills through  any dealer in medicine or by mail,  post paid, at 50 cents a box or six  boxes for $2.50 from The Dr. Williams' Medicine Co., Brockville,  Ont.  Big Ch*a������ge Coming.  If wc arc to face with any confidence thc tremendous transition from  war lo peace conditions it is essential that wc should realize, and" be  satisfied that those in authority have  realized, that tilings arc becoming  new. The ordeal through which Europe has passed has swept the old  Em ope away.' Wc arc emerging on  to a wider stage, horizons have  broadened out and ideals been puii-  (icd. Aicn who have been content  with cramped and degrading social  conditions will bc content with them  no longer. Wc arc icady fro change,  and the change can only bc effected  by thc co-operation and the united  effort of the people as a whole. ���������  London  Dailv News.  Air Fighting  ���������           Aerial Warfare as it Occurs at the  Front Day by Day.,*'  We obtain' a glimpse .into the actualities of aerial warfare -as it occurs day by day above the lines of  the Allies and those of their enemy,  in the following account of a correspondent:  Lieut. D., with Lieut. E., while on  artillery duty, attacked a hostile  machine near Lavcntie. Fire was  opened at about 300 yards, but at this  moment Lieut. D. was attacked by a  Fokkcr from above and behind. Thc  Fokkcr dived to within forty yards,  when Lieut. D. swrervcd slightly to  avoid the enemy's fire. Lieut. E.  then' attacked the Fokkcr at point-  blank range. The Fokkcr banked  over lo the left, and something whicli  looked like a box fell out. The machine then rose, dived, and was last  seen spiralling down close lo earth.  From other sources it is reported  that the Fokkcr was seen to fall to  earth at the northeast corner of Bois  de Bicz.  A������machine, Pilot Lieut. U. and Ob-  scrver_Corpl V*., when patrolling over  Annay at about 9 p.m., attacked three  Fokkcrs, seen behind the enemy's  lines. One of the. latter went off. The  remaining two made for Lens, towards another British machine, wliich  they attacked. Lieut. U( followed  and joined, in thc fight, diving on to  one of thc attacking Fokkers, which  turned away and dived perpendicularly. It was seen by an anti-aircraft battery to fall to thc ground.  When Lieut. U. turned again the  other British machine and Fokkcr  had disappeared. Thc British machine is missing and is reported to  have   landed   in   thc   enemy's   lines.  Get More Vim!  Renew Your Strength!  If you arc tired, nervous, sleepless,  have headaches and langour, you  need Dr. Hamilton's Fills; they tone  the stomach, assist digestion, brace  you up at once. Taken at night���������  you're well by morning. Sickness  and tired feeling disappear instantly.  Vim, spirits, hearty health, all the  joys of life conic to everyone that  uses Dr. Hamilton's Pills. No medicine so satisfactory. Get Dr. Hamilton's Pills today, 25c per box at all  dealers.  Small Breakage.  A beginner on a brand-new golf  course in the southwest of London  was Jiavin.-; .1 fraticularly trying experience on a li.-.ic laid across a well-  meaning but exasperating plowed  field. When hc did not miss the ball  he hit thc ground behind it. His  caddie, summing up the position with  his cold, professional-eye,' remarked  to his companion: "My word! It  wouldn't cost him much if he was  playin' with new-laid eggs!" ��������� Tit-  Bits.  Cannot  Catarrhal   Deafness  be Cured  bv local applications, ns they cannot reach the  diseased portion of the ear. There is onl\ one  way to cine cntim'inl diafnc^s, mill that is bv a  constitutional icuied>. Catairhnl l">eatiie"**5"*"is  caused l>v an inflamed condition of the mucous  liniiiKol the Kustnehiau Tube When this tube  is inflamed jou have a lumblin-r sound o: imperfect hcariiiE*. and when il is cutirelv closed. Deafness is the testilt. Unless the inflammation can  be 1 educed and this tube icstoied to*its not mat  condition, licaiiufr wilt be dcstro\ed foiever.  Many cases of deafness aie caused bv cafiirih.  which is an ^inflamed condition of the mucous  sin faces Hall's Calarih Cure acts thru the blood  on the mucous .suifaces of the sjstem.  We will ei\eOue Kundied Dollais foi anvcasc  of Catarrhal Deafness that cannot be cuicd by  Hall's Citairli due. Ciicnlais free. AllDmc-  Eri-������ts. 7*ic.  F. J. Cin-.NT,Y*& CO., Toledo. O.  The Fisrht for Talcum Hill  British Royal Women.  Thc ladies of thc Stilish Royal  family might almost bc competitors  in trying lo sec who can do most for  thc wounded and sufferers by the  war. Queen Mary before thc war  had devoted herself lo her people-  since its outbreak she lias worked as  hard as any hospital nurse. Princess  Victoria has a hospital in whicli she  is immensely interested in ("rosvenor  Crescent. It is staffed with trained  muses, and helped by women of thc  Red Cross. Princess Henry of Bat-  lenbcrg's Hospital for Otliccis is in  Hill Street, Mayfair; 1'imccss Christian has a hospital of her own at  Windsor. Princess Alexander of  Tcck, her friendly lival in all good  woiks in that neighborhood, is often  at this hospital devoting hcisclf In  every way to its inmates and not dis-  dainfng  the most menial of  tasks.  A Londoner who was staying in  Scotland for a little while lccently  had need of legal assistance. So he  went up lo a sensible-looking man in  thc street and began:  "Pardon mc sir, but arc you a resident of this*town?"  "Wccl," was the cautious reply,  "A'vc lecved here a matter o' fifty  year."  "Ah!  then, perhaps    you  me," went on thc visitor,  ing for a criminal lawyer,  one in  this  town?"  Thc Scotsman dropped his voice to  a confidential whisper as hc answered: "Wc hiv, but wc hinna been able  to prove it against him yet. He's  owcr sharp."  Women Say That They Would Enlist  if  Needed.  From a war despatch of thc future:  Five times that day had the Cold-  cream Fusilccrs charged Talcum  Hill, only lo be repulsed by thc heroic defence of the Powder Puff  Guards. On each occasion the Fusil-  ccrs had been aided by a chintz curtain of fire from the Organdy Light  Artillery,   but  this   had   not  sufficed.  Five miles away, in Tea House  Hcadquartcis, Gen. Rouge prepared  her new plan of battle. She ^organized her remaining forces, brought  up the Whalebone Corseliercs, sent  new instructions to her subordinates, and made icady lor a iloiince  movement.  Shortly il began. Under a pall of  -���������moke fiom thc Organdy guns and  the Tortoise shelling ol" the Barrel te  mortars, the 1-tisilccrs took up their  f 1 om them, and at  went forward the  Lisle Foot soldiers, while.from above  theie came a bomb shower under  the auspices of the Gcorgcl'c crepe  hangcis.  Se\cral times it looked as if the  Fusilccrs and their allied sisters  must fail, but they weathered the  drilling fire fiom Talcum Hill,  swept across the approaches to it,  closed iti and caught the defenders  as if between thc-blades of a pair of  manicure scissors. They fought their  way up the embankment, renewed  then* efforts, and swarmed over the  parapet, shouting their cry of-iic-  tory: "Ceiisc! Cciisc"���������Saskatoon  Star.  can   help  "I'm look-  Have you  Macon, Georgia, is making millions  of socks for the soldiers of the Allies.  "Arc you fond of music?" "Music!"'  exclaimed thc enthusiastic young wo,-  man.      "I   am   perfectly    devoted   to  'music.    I could dance to it all night."  course.   Distant  an   niu-lc,   there  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.  Ecclesiastical   Dues   Enforced..  "I canna get over it," a Scotch  farmer remarked to his wife. "I put  a twa-shillin' piece in thc plate aflhe  kirk this morning instead o' ma usual  penny."  ~Thc beadle had noticed the mistake, and in silence he allowed the  farmer to miss thc plate for twenty-  three   consecutive   Sundays.  On the twenty-fourth Sunday the  farmer again ignored the plate, but  the old beadle stretched the ladle in  fiont of him, and, in a loud, tragic  whisper,  hoarsely  said:  "Your lime's up, noo, Sandy." ���������  Chicago News.  No Greater Example.  Evciy one of these British soldiers'  who have taken the first German line  are \oluntccrs, for, of course, no man  called up by consciiption is yet at  thc front. Is there in history a  greater example of noble manliness  in a people than this volunteer army  of millions of men? ��������� Evcncmcnts,  Paris.  In time of war each Russian regiment is formed of 4,000 soldiers. One  Russian regiment after a year of war,  had already had 36,000 men in its  ranks.  As a vermifuge there is nothing so  potent as Mother Graves' Worm Exterminator, and it can bc given to thc  most delicate child without fear of  injury  to   the  constitution.  No   Longer:  "Gott  Strafe  England."  A   company  sergeant-major  of  the  Middlesex paid a warm tribute to the  v.ork  of  our artillery.  "They were simply magnificent,"  hc said, "and as wc advanced they  lifted trench by trench. Thc battalion went over and on in fine style.  It was just like a parade ��������� and the  men felt confident as tliC3r knew that  large reserves were behind them. We  soon got into thc German front  trench.  "I saw very few living, but in the  second and third lines wc found a  few. At thc bottom of the deep trenches were plenty of dead, and in thc  dug-outs, too. The pri=oners wc took  socmed half-starved, and as soon as  Ihcy saw us coming shouted out,  "Kamerad, mercy!" but they only  said this when they saw that the machine guns which illcy had been prc-  \iotisly working for all they were  v, 01th weie about  to bc captured."  Landlady: Who arc 3*011? New  Gui_st: I am a performer. Landlady:  What do yoiulo? New Guest: I escape from light place. Landlady:.  Without anybody seeing you do :t?  New Guest: Yes. Landlady: Well, if  that is thc case you will have lo pay  in   advance.  Threshermen and Weeds Act  Manitoba Weeds  Commission Takes  Action   to   Safeguard  Farmers  The Manitoba Weeds Commission  is busy sending out from its oflice  placards lo bc posted on threshing  machines sctlin'-* forth Sec. 7 of thc  revised Provincial Weeds Act. This  section is of great interest not only  to threshermen, but also to farmers.  Its four sub-sections provide as fo'->  lows: v  "(1) It shall bc thc duty of every  person owning or operating a threshing machine immediately ,aflcr completing thc threshing of grain at each  and every point of working, to clean,  or cause lo bc cleaned, the said machine, together with all wagons and  other outfits used in connection with  such threshing, so that seeds of noxious weeds shall not'be carried to or  on'the way to next place of .threshing by the said threshing outfit.  "(2) Any person- not complying  with the provisions of this section,  shall be liable to a penalty of^not less^  than twenty-five .dollars nor, more'  than one. hundred dollars, and in default of payment to one month's.imprisonment." . '  Minard's   Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  Cows.  - The Price of Wheat.  *> .        <~i ' 1   .  The    depression    in  the    price  01  wheat, coupled with reports of large  acreages in other countries, is causing the American farmer much con"-  ccrn. But experts say he need not  worry. A study of wheat prices  during and following wars of the last,  200 years has shown that almost  without exception the highest price  has been reached after the end of the.  struggle instead of during its progress.���������Washington   Herald.    C '  Forestry in Europe.  In   England   and   Wales,   according,  to a  recent    report  of    the  forestry  branches  of the British-Government,-  there  are  nearly     2,00(0,000   acres   of"  forest,   and   large   areas     of   uncultivated land  on which it.is  the'inten-'"  tion to cultivate a growth of timber.  In   Denmark   the  purchase   of any  forest  area,     however  small,     byriio  means   carries   thc  right  lb   adminis-;  tcr it  in   accordance  with   the  plans  and desires of"the new owner.    Until  hc has been the registered owner of  such    an  area    for  ten_   consecutive  *  years,   he   is "not   permitted     to   cut  down a tree without authority of,the .  Minister  of  the  Interior.  Unwittingly Kind.  Cholly Ayrcs: Yes, since thc Parkers lost their money I have slopped  calling  there.      ��������� _ .     '      "  Miss Keen: That is very' kind of  you. It ought to cheer them up a  whole lot.  BOOK  OX  DOG DISEASES  And How to Feed  Mailed  free  to any address by  America's   I     ������-       ths AuU*or  - Pioneer    I  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc.  Dog Remedies 1118 West 31st Street, New York  THERAPION E0i?irew������,t5  fr;.it success, cuats chro.nic weakness, lost vigo������  & VIM KfOMiV BLADULtt DISEASES BLOOD roiSON.  PII.S.S "ITIIE-t NO DRUGGISTS or MAIL Si. POST 4 CTS  PCUu'RtCa $0 BEEKMAN ST -.EW YOKKOrI.-y.MAN BROS  roiO'.TO      WRITE FOR  FREE BOOK TO DR    LE CLERC  Meo Co iiAVERsroccRD.HAMPsiEAD. London, knou  IRVNEWDRAGtElTASTELESSlrORMOr    EASY  TO  TAII  THERAPiON ssws8���������  6rE THAT TRADE MARKED WORD 'THLRAPION' IS OM  BRIT. GOVT  S^M( Al n\ED TO ALL GENUINE PACKJtTtk  Cftok'sl&tttti Soot Cofflpctrnft  A safe, reliable reiruJatind  medicine. Sold in three dH  s-rees of strength. No. 1<  *l; No. 2, $3; No. ��������� 3, JS  per box. Sold by all  drug-grists, or sent prepaid in plain package on  receipt of price. Free  pamphlet.    Address:  THE COOK IV3ED8CIME COJ  jeaosTo. out. crt-*^ ������������������������*���������������J  fa no more necessary  than Smallpox, Arm?  experience has demonstrated  the almost miraculous efficacy, and harmlessness, of Antityphoid VacclnaUon.  Be vaccinated NOW by your physician, you and  Tour family. It Is more vital than house insurance.  Asfc your physician, druze'st, or send for Havo  you had Typhoid?" tell Ins of Typhoid "*iicclne,  -results from us , and dancer from Typhoid Carriers.  THE CUTTER  LABORATORY,  BERKELEY, CAL.  PRODUC1NO VACCINES ��������� SUtUHS UHDEH U. S. COV. L1CCNSI  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS  Something better than linen and big laundr?  bills. Wa.;l> it with soap and water All  stores or direct. State style and size. l'O?  25c. we will mail you.  THE  ARLINGTON COMPANY OP  CANAOA, Limited  68 Fraser Avenue. Toronto. Ontario          ' ������������������*  r  eed  a corrective, occasionally, to right a disordered stomach,  which is the cause of so much sick headache, nervousness and sleepless nights. Quick relief from stomach  troubles is assured by promptly taking a dose or two of  They act gently on the stomach, liver, kidneys and bowels, assisting  and regulating these organs, and keeping them in a healthy condition.  These famous pills are vegetable in composition���������therefore, harmless,  leave no disagreeable after-effects and are not habit-forming.  A box of Beecham's Pills in the house is a protection against the  many annoying troubles caused by stomach ills, and lays the foundation  For Better Healths  Prepared only by Thomas Beeoh.m. St. Helen*. L������i-.OMh"re. Entfland.'       ***"  .?.,     evcryi*hcTa in Canada ������ad U. S. Amerioa.   In borci. 25 oenta. "*"  -S  3,  -J,*  "f  .  /K-  wtf&8&&ffi-\i&iifa'&~i*P*.'bl  DM  *mm  ^Mtfteim  1 tAibi  >':wa  ��������� -Ill  .���������ale*'-*  ^^���������^fe^SMS rM^li   "I1!1 I*UH���������i'l'lii'lillllltfllllltf ^lilllrt^i'H II  -"���������   .',"-'   '*���������(��������������� *-".';"-��������� -  '.V'.-'  .. ������"  '..";--:a*'"jr-Tr^'r;*-:^''-i,.v-..f"!:  i  .    '       ,'  ^y������-    if      ..       I  <|  I'll .  I"'  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,      B.  IHMIIimiaM^^  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lanci, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremkos, B.C.  e$ mnm  and  Similkameen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in- Advance  Per Year S**.00  "   (United States)....  '-2-50  Advertising Rates  Measurement, 12.linos to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, ������1.25 for one insertion, 25 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch.  v12 cents per line for first insertion and S  cents per lino for each subsequent insertion.  Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  S1.25; over 1 inch and up to .1 inches, S1.00  . per inch per month.- To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size 'of space and length  of time. ,'v;.'  Certificate of Improvements;.;..... 510.00  (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Gbier, Publisher.  Hedley, B. C. Sept. 21, 1910.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He Who does me twice, shame on me."  " You can't fool all the people  all the time," is a truisim that  our provincial politicians should  remember. ���������  In this issue one of the candidates ���������thanks  the  electors   for  smashing the: machine, and the  other for  hot being   smashed.  ' Adequate compensation ?  And what has become of that  club the intelligent electors of  Eholt sent to J. R. Jackson to  use on the pluggers ? Not quite  so effective as the ancient: jawbone we read of in our youth.  It might be suggested to Mr.  Brewster that one lawyer in  his cabinet will be enough, more  will be crowding public opinion.  The "learned" professions are  not entitled to more than one  representative in the cabinet.  From congratulatory dispatches appealing in the Vancouver Sun, one would almost  believe that Fred Wade, and  not H. C. Brewster was the  Liberal leader. Have we simply  swapped dictators���������Bowserism  for Wadeism ?  While the Hon. Martin Bur-  rel is in the province he might  visit the Similkameen aud look  into the railway situation; but  he has probably been long  enough in Ottawa to have  learned that it is not good  politics to "hamper" big corporations.    Voters are easy.  Just as soon as the Liberals  arc in power, and to make good  their promises of sweeping rc-  relorins, they <-hould appoint m  commission to hold calamity  seances throughout the prov  ince. In recent years the muci  maligned editors of thc "subsidized press" have had to listen  to all sorts of grievances. A  toiy poultryman sold a hen-  chaser white-leghorn eggs thai  came through tlie hatching barred Plymouths, the minister of  agriculture. was to blame; an  automobile met a shoal which  immediately became pork, the  constable should have been  there to protect the shoal, and  Tom Taylor shouldn't have  built auto roads, anyway; a  creditor, through the sheriff,  levies on a debtor, a conspiracy  between the attoi ney-general  and thc local member to drive  a political opponent out of tlie  country; if the road superintendent makes a road through  a ' district, political pull; if he  doesn't build it, getting oven;  if a road fornian insists on a  day's work, lyrantlooking down  the collar; if he doesn't, loafer.  Give us tt calamity commission  and lei the sore heads get rid  ofsomc of il. The "subsidized  press" need a rest.  They are trying to find some  reason or reasons Lor the defeat  of- thc  Bowser* administration.  There aro many reasons.   First,  was   the  attempt  to introduce  Colorado   .methods    into    coal  minim**- on    Vancouver   Island.  When  "British   workmen   were  forced out of tho coal  mine,*"- at  the  point  of   the    bayonet   to  make   room   for  Japs,   Chinks,  Austrians and hunks.   This was  thc beginning, and British work-*  men,   residents   and  voters  of  Vancouver   and  Victoria, wore  the "pluggers" who gave  Macdonald and Brewster their majorities in the by-elections,    No  intelligent voter  in British Columbia   believed that Liberals  were any more  guilty of plugging   than   Bowsoritos.      Then  there were the Dominion Trust,"  land monopolies,  railway aids,  and   a   machine   composed   of  as  disreputable  a gang of professional slanderers'as ever were  got   together  in  any   country.  The cabinet  was  a cabinet of  lawyers, and   enactments were  made   for   the   lawyers  alone;  even the bars were closed in the  morning   until  11, a time when  -the legal gentlemen  are said to  require a  bracer.    On  his tour  the Premier had with him Bob  Green, who some years ago was  compelled   to  resign from  the  provincial  cabinet and' who is  the machine  representative for  Kootenay in the federal parliament.    In North Okanagan, the  premier  asked   the  electors to  support  Price Ellison, another  ex-minister who had   to resign.  In   Kootenay    Six   Bowserites  were defeated (among themtwo  cabinet  ministers), two  elected  and   one   doubtful.    In  North  Okanagan Ellison was defeated  in, we believe, every  poll.    Mr.  Bowser is not a  leader, 'neither  is he a follower; just a lawyer.  Sadly, grimly, the British arc  ILLUSTRATED WAR  LECTURE  "S"^  The Great Northern railway  has again cut down  the service  to three days a week. The company   was   granted  a   charter  with a view to furnishing transportation   facilities   to   people  along  the  proposed   line and a  through   service to the coast in  Canadian   territory.    The company has not fulfilled the terms  of  the  agreement upon which  the charter was  granted.    The  federal government should cancel the charter.    Railway com  panies  should  not  be  allowed  privileges that are not allowed  individuals in regard to agreements entered into/  going   now   about their  work"  There is   no   hymn  of  hate  in  their resources; they  have   no  "Marsellaise"; theirs  will   be  a  slow, silent but relentless action.  What you have to feel  and see  is millions of men  who  are at  last awake to  the fact that all  that life means   to   them   nationally,    morally,    spiritually,  has been threatened.   After the  tradition   of  his  race   and  the  fashion  of his  nation the Englishman,   millions   of  him,  has  now  gone   out  to  kill   and   be  killed until the work that is to  be   done   is   done.    Once   that  spirit   was   clear   in   England,  then  those   of us   who  believe  that all that America as well as  all that democracy  held best in  the  world  was at stake in this  war, could afford   to roll up the  war maps  and   put   aside-the  battle reports.    The  incidental  I changes   would mean -nothing.  Vividly Described and Splendidly Illustrated by  of Paris France, now on a short visit to Canada  Two hundred actual war scenes, wliich include Canadian  troop? in action, recently secured by Eye Witnesses on tlie  Western Front. Unanimously acknowledged by press and  public to he lhc most Realistic, Authentic and Interesting  Lecture heard in Canada on "The World's Greatest War."  <&%&><& W  1  A  AS-  i\&?  v rwav  BT  Under Auspices uf-Ladies' Sowing Circle.  Evening at 8.00.        Adults o0c, Children 2."c.  %),>^H*-#  4** *^%!  ,!-���������,  -*L^"3*"SSgg������2^  .''<  r&sss&te&imiJdtoiSiisipuasmKKBa *- M  ll^*������-  a*w  To the Eieclo}-* of Siniill.ainern:  I wish U) take thi-5 opportunity of expressing  my tjuuiks to tlie Elector-, of Similkameen for reelecting me as their member. I can assure them that  in the future, as in the past, I will devote my efforts  to advancing the best interests of the whole district.  At this time, when it would appear that tho  people of the province have* withdrawn their confidence from the Coni������orvativo administration, of  which I have been a supporter for the past thirteen  years, I feel that I can take il a-> a personal tribnte  that Similhameen has declared its satisfaction with  my record.  I hope tliat during the next legislature the  electors of tho riding will never have cause to regret  that they again chose me as their representative,  Penticton, B. C Sept. IS,    Yours respectfully,  L.. W. Shatfohd.  *#*  "TV?  4  (&>'  LEY  GAZETTE  DEPARTMENT  WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED QF-  Lctterlieads  Billheads  i  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball .Proarains  Posters  Dodgers, Dates  Circulars    -  Inyitatiqns.  Business Cards  Bills of Fcapp  Mcino Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  TRY  US == WE GIVE SATISFACTION  ���������".--1 it'  e^^i-% '^VSM^^-%' ^������������������--Sh -%J-sk-i%^  Card of Thanks.  To the Electors of thc Siinilkaineen who so   nobly  supported me on the 1.1th inst.:  From the bottom of my heart I thank you.  You have dealt the machine government its death  blow and shown your appreciation of clean men like  Brewster and McDonald. 11. S. Coxklin.  PAINTING  PflPER-flflNGING  KflLSOMINING  TERiVtS MODERATE  DALY AVE.  HEDLEY, B.G.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DfiXTrST.  Will bo at Homo Oflice; in Oroville, I si lo  20lh Ol' each nipiilli,  ���������OFFICK IN CPV'ERT BLOCK.  "They come so slowly," the  Frenchman told you of his allies  six months ago, but in saying  this he added out of his race  consciousness of half a thousand  years of Anglo-French conflict,  "but when they do come they  will never stop."���������Kcw York  Tribune.  S8*  I^c  Foil Sale���������Nearly new. small  piano; perfect condition and  tone; price, $150 cash. Apply  Mrs.1). R , Hedley  Gazette.  A. S. Black of  Princeton was  in town Sunday.  . Presbyterian service at 7.30  p. in. hereafter. Service at the  Nickel Plate mine every Monday at 7.30 p. in. '     ���������  on tlie  Remember the lecture  war (illustrated) in the Star-  Theatre 22nd inst. If not as  advertised,. will lynch lecturer,  so moneys-worth guaranteed,  Synopsis of Coal Mining Regulations  /"IOAL nmiiiiK riulit-* of fclio Dominion, ii  *-' iWsinilolm, Siiskatcliowiui u'nrt AH-orta,  tho Yukon Tc'i-rit'ir.v, tho Noi-tli-wc-st Tui-ri-  loi-ics mi'l in u portion of thu I'l-ovinco of British Columbia, may ho lunscd for a tonn of  twuiity-jono years at an animal rental of Si an  acre. Is'ot more than 2.3IJ0 acres wi bo leased  lo one applicant.  Application for a lonsc must be inado by thc  applicant in person to tho Agent or Sub-A^ent  of the district in wliich the riffhts applied for  are .-ilnated. '     .  in surveyed territory the land must bc described by sections, or legul .sub-divisions of  sections, and in umuirvuyod teri'itoi'y tho Iract  applied I'or shall be staked out ' tlie applicant  himself.   ��������� .  Kneli applioat-ion must bo accomplinlofl by  fee of $1*1 which will he refunded if the rights  applied for are not. available, but not other  wise. A royally shall bo paid on the merchant,  able output of tho mine at the rate of flvo cents  per Ion.  Tho person one rut in I; the mine shall furnish  Hie Agent, witliswoni returns accounting for  the full f'uantity.of merchantable mined  and uny  the royalty thereon.   1 coal min-  iiifji-ifflits are not. beinjf operated sij     -.'"turns,  slKnild be furnished at least once n yum.  'I'he lease nilj inoludo tho coal niinii.iK rights  only,, but the lessee may bo permitted to pur-  eliu'se whatever available surface rlffht"* may  be considered necessary for l,bo working of the  Tuineal Hie t-iitt-'of $111.00 an aero  For full inforiiiat.ioii H|)piication should.tie  iimdo to the Secretary ol tho Donartmont of  the lntiM-inr; Ottawa, or o any Ajjonl; or Sub-  Atreut'Ol'Doiiiluion ijands.  '. .      W. W.OORY.  Doputy Alinistor of the Intoribr  1   N.B.-Unauthorizccl publiwiti    thlsadvei-  etmeiit v> ill not be rain for. flOra  Potatobs���������See Wo Yuen, at  the Shelder ranch, has good  potatoes to sell at $20 a ton, or  $1.50 a stick. Catch urn hep quick.  No stay long. Bym-by no  catch u in.    Savey'?  SlAHLKAiMISION LAND  DISTRICT.  'I'-ila- Nutii.-f tjifit Ricli.-iwl L. Caws-  Urn, tin- yoiingei'. ot" Ki'i-oini-os-, c-ittli.)  i-iiiichi-i-, intends to npply for pi'i'iniis-  t-ion to liaise Clio I'lillowirig described  IiuhIsj CJoiunieiK-ing ;it a post pliui'tod  ot.i'mile noilh ol" 1,1k; iioi Lh east angle  ol:' Lot 20['(is; llu'iiee. noi-lli 80 cliains;  l.lu'iii-e Nvi'.st 10 (rlmiris; tlieneo south  B0 chiiiiiH; thence eiist 10 c-li*iiii,s containing three hundred :ind twenty  acres. RICHARD D.  CAWSTON, Jr.  On U'di.J illy 10th 19KI  THC- nicKel Plate  BarDer_SHop  SnTISFflGTORY, SflNITflRY  TONSORIflL SERVICE  This .shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical   Appliances.  f. T.BUTLER,  -  Prop. I  $10.00- REWARD.  Tori Dol]m-s Rc-war-cl will be pair" hvi  the undersigned l'ov fiifor-iiiii'triin "t|r'ir:t*  will load st) the recovery of the' K'IIow't  the following aniinali- which strayoVj-,  fr-oin tho r-aiigo at Hedley, B. C, tl)n <  first week in Jujjo: :_...���������       ���������*'   ->:-*"'.*  Qne gray'-uar-V, 10 yetli-s old, 1-i-and-  ed OsvO on i-iglit sho'iikfpr 'and'j^/o'ri  le.fthip, and si'ipkrnjy Qolt;       v   * .'  Oijh Iron gray yoavliiigoolt, br-arntcil  same as niare oil right shoulder.  One bay IJ-yQar-old [gelding, branded  curb bridle bit on left hip.  A. \V. IIaivi-kii, Hedley, B. C.  Notice  Persons trespassing- or shooting on lots 3407, 3408, 48s, 376s,  and 707s, Gamp K-pst Ranch j  will be prosecuted. ' _  ���������Gfiso. H. CAHILp.  SIM 1LKAMICEN LAND  DISTRICT.  60   YEARS  E-XPEiSSENCE  tral--e: "mark!?  Designs  COPVFIlGHTS &l-  Anyone aendlnu n slietoh nnd description nmj  pilultly ascertjilu our opinion free .whether ar  invoiitloii la p*-'obnl)Iy piitontnhle. Conimiinlcjt.'  liorissirlotlycoiilldoatlnl. HANDBOOK on Patonw  soiit, frco. OlrioaC nifonoy for seourtufr patonta.  ��������� i'litonia tnlttm throimh Jlunn & Co. r������eolv<  :yjcUU notice, without chmto, in tho  ' scientific JUnerfcan*..:  ���������jLJinndsoTn'oIy. illtiatrnf.fv.! wcoldy. J.nr.'-O'it eif-  eilntioii "f "iiy Bcientliin Jourr.^l. "j'urri.E, $3 a  roar i four nicinl.lia, ������1. Sold by all nnwartGaloi-u.  MM. ^ Co.36 53���������'J^* Hew M  Branch OtHcc, 6*% TT St.. iVasiiln^tou D. 0.  Tnke Noljpe thjit Henry A. B^aieelp  ot Keieineo.-, cuttle rani-liur, lptppii**'  to ������pply for pe. niission to leas-e tlie  following desciihed lands:���������OoiniiijAie:  ing at a post planted at, tin: soi|th-ef|bt  a,ngle of Lot LKJOs; (henei- south 4Q  f.-.iiains; thence e-ist. jCjo fhiiiris' thecvee  north HI ehains; theiieewes't SOeh/.ins  to the point of eni-iiiieiK-ei'icnt, a|ii|  eontaiiiing thi'i'e hundred and iwiHv  .ieie������. HJiNRY A. BARCW'Ql '  Dated July 5th, 1010.  SIMILKAMEEN  LAND DISTRICT.  Take Notice that Henry A. Barcelo  of Keremeos, eattl'* r-ancher, intend.M  loiipply fpi" pei'init-sion to lease the  following ([escril-ed lan-ls'i Goni'ipeni'-  mg at a. pout planted at tlie rierth eimt  angle of Lot 20:30*-*, thence north 80  chains; theiure west 80 chains;-Ihence  sorith SO chains thence east 80 chains  to point oi oiiiiiiencenietit and containing 0-10 acres  ..Dated July 10th; J01O.  HENRY A, BAROJiiLQ;,: ;


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