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The Hedley Gazette Oct 19, 1916

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 '  ~t , /  jr     I  ���������If     -  ������'   -    "7-. 'if  HEDLEY, B. C, THURSDAY, OCTOBBER 19, 1916.  -. ;0  V  \  .' i ��������� rati  ,''V  $2.00, In Advance-  Travel by Auto...  Call up Phone No. 12  U A good stock of Horses and Rigs on  Hand,   t Orders for Teaming  promptly attended to."  WOOD ^P OB   SALE!  PALACE  1 Mveru, feed & Sale Stables  P,   ' HBDLEY   B. C.  Phone 12.       " D,, J.~ INNIS  ������r ' "-���������'-  '- '   -Proprietor  N. Thomps n phone sbvmour 591?  . MGR. WEBTKRN CANADA , !  t Cammell Laird &-Coi Ltd.  &     f /   \ Steel Manufacturers    '    ..   ' -  /- -     -   ~ Sheffield, Eng/ <  -  Offices and Warehouse,' 847-63 Beatty Street  Vancouver; 'B. C.  fc  fay  A. F. & A. M.  "..-- l*KEGULAR monthly meetings of  ���������?* /J^T-X' Hedley Lodge No. 43, A- F. & A. M.,  BiTf' ,T A are held on'tho second Friday in  St. each month in Fraternity ball, Hedley. Visiting  ,fc - brethren are cordially invited to attend.    ;  h$t O. H. SPROULE, S. E. HAMILTON  W. M  Secretary  L-. O. L.  The Regular    meetings of  Hedley "Lodge 1714 are hold on  .the  first and third Monday in  every month in the Orange Hall  Ladies meet'2nd and 4-Mondays  Visiting brethern are cordially invited  W. LONSDALE. W. M.  '      ' H. E. HANSON, Sec't.~-  R.  F������. BROWN  British Columbia Land Surveyor  P. O. Dkawkb 160  Tku-No. 27  I  PENTICTON,  B. C.  P. ^GREGORY  CIVIL  ENGINEER and BRITISH  -   COLUMBIA LAND SURVEYOR  Star Building      -       Princeton  WALTER" CL.VY/TON  C.   E.   HASKINR  6Lf\YT0N & flflSKINS  Barristers, Solicitors, Etc.  MONEY TO LOAN  PENTICTON,        -        B.C.  H6dl60 Opera House  it. I. JONES, Manager  A large, commodious  hall for  dances or other entertainment.  Grand Union |  Hotel |  HEDLEY, British Columbia "j  Rates���������$1.30 a Day and Up  First-Class Accommodation.  Bar Stocked with Best Brands  of Liquor and Cigars  A.  WINKLER,     Proprietor. |  s*  HEDLEYMEAT  MARKET  =*8  n u ��������� ���������  All kinds of fresh aud  cured meats always on  hand. Fresh Fish on  sale  every Tb ursday.  '\  hcz  R. J. EDMOND, Prop,  GREAT  NORTHERN  HOTEL  <r- HEDLEY B.C.  Bar and Table the Best.   Rates Moderate  PI rat Class -Accommodation  JOHN JACKSON, Proprietor  Mr. Carmichael made  to Osoooos Saturday.  Miss Sewell of Similkameen  was a visitor in town on Saturday.  Mr. and Mrs. Boeing returned  from the coast on Saturday's  train.  .  Ward Storer motored through  town on Friday to Copper  mountain.  Mr. Carle was a business visi^  tor to Princeton Friday, returning on Saturday.<  0 Tag.Day will be held here on  Tuesday, October 19th, for the  Red Cross society/ ' - - - r  , Messrs. Knowling & Gibson'  shipped a-carload- of apples on  Tuesday, to the' coast.  A load of Keremeosites.motored to Princeton1 Mondry to  take in the stampede.  .Maurice Daly ^ ^motored ,.,���������to  Princeton on, Thursday looking  after his business there., .   ''' ,  Hamper dance Fridayjaight,  October 20th, in the town hall.  Good music; good supper.  Mr. Stevens, superintendent  of Dominion telephones, was in  town* the first of the week.   -  The Rev. Mrl- Williams of  Hedley (Presbyterian) held services here on Sunday "evening,  15th inst. " *  The ranchers are" very busy  getting their apples picked and  packed for shipping1 to 'prairie  and coast cities..        / ~/i������ ^  - W.e are sorry to ^report * that  Mrs. Thomas'is very sick'again/  Her many friends wish her a  speedy^recovery.  Mr. Laiichmond was in town  for a few hours-on Friday on  his way to Greenwood 'from  Copper mountaiu.  Mr. Verral has been making  extensive repairs to his house,  which adds greatly to the appearance of his place.  Mr. and Mrs. Condit of the  Horn ' Silver mine, Similkameen, were visitors in town  Thursday between trains.  -Mr. Coates of Nelson, the new  manager of the Tungsten mine,  passed through town last week  on his way to the property.  Mrs. F. M. Wright of Cawston, who has been very sick at  her home for the past week, is  reported_to fee a little better.  Messrp. Brenton and 'Fisher  and Mrs, Kjrby aud daughters  motored to the Horn Silver  mine Sunday and spent the day.  Mr. Knowling, who has been  here for several months looking  after his property, left on to  day's train to winter in California.  Mr. and Mrs. Innis and family  and Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Crooker  and son motored to Vernon on  Saturday, returning Tuesday  evening.  Mr. Phillips made a flying  trip to Princeton Saturday and  returned and is moving the  telephone camp to ' the canyon  this week.  Mrs. Saulter of Hamilton,  Out., left for her home Tuesday,  after spending several months  visiting with her aunt, Mrs.  Shendan of Cawston. ���������. ..-  Mr. Brenton, representative  of the Heintzman piano Co,,  was In town for a few days  this week tuning pianos and  soliciting orders for the firm.  Jory & Co passed through  town on Friday with- their  horses on their way. to Princeton, where they held a stampede Tuesday _ and Wednesday.  A qui Iti ng bee was held at  the home of Mrs. F. B. Gibson  on Tuesday, when she members  of the W. M. S. met and quilted  two quilts, which , will be sent  north to the Indian hospital  with other articles the members  will send next month.  .A dance  will  be held  in the  Town Hall on  Friday evening,  October 20th, under the auspices  of the Women's Institute  for  raising money to send  Christmas hampers to the Keremeos  boys at the front and in, training camps.   Those who cannot  fight come and swell the collection, so that at Christmas, when  we are enjoying bur bright firesides and goodies they may enjoy what little'.cheer, we^can  send-them.   Good suppor, and  good  music will   be' provided.  Do not forget the boys wHo-are  doing their duty-so nobly, , -'' i'  , The monthly  meeting of the,  Similkameen    Women's   Insti-  tute met at the  institute room  on Thursday last.' It was arranged    that    Thursday,   19thi  inst., be Tag Day., as -it- was re-,  quested by���������the government that;  "something -be done on that day  to raise   money   for   the, Red  Cross society all over the provf.  ince.   TKey also-decided to send'  ten dollars to  the Duchess' of  Connaught Prisoners   of   War  Fund. ' .Committees   were ,ap^i  pointed  for .decorating the hall  and taking-charge of the dif-  -ferent ^booths 'for ^ the annual  bazaar,  which will be  held itr  November.^ After the  business  part ofr-the meeting was over,"  a  candy'  demonstration   was  given by.;Mrs. Quant, the Misses  Camerontand Armstrong, after  which   the'Vmeeting closed  by  singing God Save the King. De?  TOWN AND DISTRICT  This is Tag Day.  Miss Emily Jackson is spending the week at Oroville.  F. H. and Mrs. French autod  to Penticton  and back Sunday.  W. T- Shatford of PentictoTi  was a visitor in town this week.  An occasional grouse is being  shot by local sportsmen, but no  deer. *  John F.' Coates, manager of  the Tungsten mine, was in town  Saturday.  Mrs. W. Corrigan left" Tuesday for a visit with friends at  Omak, Wash.  Monroe Baile, relieving agent  for the Great. Northern, was in  town Saturday. ' -  The street crossings are being  repaired under the foreman-  ship of Harry Rose.  H. A. Turner, road superintendent, was in town this week  on a trip of inspection.  Mrs. P. Swanson and Mrs. J.  Taylor of Princeton - were visitors in town Saturday.  Pte.vJohn Bromley returned  to Vernon last week, after a  short leave of absence.  ' G. W. Wertameu left Tuesday for Anyox to take a position with the Granby company:  Messrs." Parsons and Cameron  of Keremeos were- in town  Tuesday each with a load of  farm produce.  The annual tournament of  thev Hedley Golf club is being  played,   and   will   probably be  -liciou8refreshmen.ts>vereservedr'".comP*e^e(^ ^"ls week."-  by ���������' the' hostesses for the day,  Mesdames Cawston and Taylor.  . Peck Came Back.  J. Peck MacSwain has fully  recovered and is contributing  a breezy column weekly to the  Republic Journal. Some of his  paragraphs scintilate. Here are  a few of them:  The" wind at Colville last  week scabbed on the apple  pickers.  Over in Grand Forks last  Saturday a cafeteria supper was  held in a feed store. The next  one will probably be held in a  livery stable.  The climate of California and  the great family of Smiths are  hard to beat. Last Sunday,  near Los Angeles, a Mrs. Smith,  aged 39, became a great grandmother.  They have fine land in the  Palouse country. Last week  near Oaksdale a farmer plowed,  up $1000 in gold coin.  Prohibition has hit the Salvation Army hard in Seattle.  Without drunks and misery the  Army finds little to do.  One day last week the Journal devil observed two white  shoes drying on a window sill,  a girl hanging out of the window to dry her hair, and ventured a bet of ten cents that  the girl wasn't going to eat raw  onions for supper.  Peck should have been more  explicit as to whether the girl  was hanging head or feet np.  Her method of hanging out to  dry might mean much to the  tourist traffic of Republic.  The gold output of the Yukon will this year be about the  same as that of last year, which  amounted/to $4,376,393, About  250 miles from Dawson, in the  Mayo Creek district, a silver  claim is being developed, from  which 17o9 tons of ore have  been shipped by water to San  Francisco, a distance of 4,600  miles. The returns, even after  shipping the ore such a great  distance, are expected by the  owners to warrant the extensive development work now  now being carried on'.���������-Lady-  smith Chronicle.  Time flies although  it has no  aviator's license  TW. J. Twiss, the well-known  Vancouver life insurance man,  was a visitor in town Saturday,  going to Penticton Sunday.  Mrs. Herbert Fraser who had  been the guest of her sister,  Mrs. F. H. French, returned to  her home in Penticton Sunday  last.  /Dave Henderson left Tuesday evening for Vancouver,  having received a telegram that  Mrs. Henderson was very low  with pneumonia.  There was a stampede in  Princeton Tuesday and Wednesday of this week. It did not  draw much of a crowd from  points along the valley,  F, Kirkpatrick, government  engineer, Penticton, was in  town last week in company  with Road Superintendent  Turner and L. B. West.  C. W. and Mrs. Graham and  family, who were the guests of  Mrs. John Jackson for the past  month, left Tuesday for their  home at Northport, Wash.  Monday last Riley Anderson,  while coupling cars on the  N. P. tramway, was caught between the cars and .had the left  collar bone and one rib broken.  I wish to thank the members  of L. O. L. No. 1744, also the  members of L. O. B. A. No. 184,  and friends of Hedley for their  kind sympathy in the loss of my  dear brother;���������Mrs. Robertson  and family.  It is a dull hour in Hedley  that there isn't a dog fight, and  Toby is in all of them, Toby  weighs nearly four pounds, but  he can stage more scraps than  any bull terrier in Canada.  Tobias is some dog with a right  smart of nerve.  Mrs./Bromley and R. J. and  Mrs. Edmond visited Vernon  last week and saw the review  of the troops there. They say  that the 172nd are a splendid  looking body of men, and should  make things interesting for the  enemy when they get to the  fighting line. /  The Hedley boys haye bee.n.  doing   splendid   work   a.v   %b>9  front. Corporal Knowles was  the first man in bis battalion to  capture a German and bring  him into the British lines. It  is reported that Bobby Robertson has been recommended for  the B.C. M.  This week J. Beale finished  painting A.MeGibbon's house on  Webster street, occupied by, Dr.  Elliot. If a number of other  buildings in town were painted  it would add greatly to the  general appearance of the place  and give it a more go-ahead appearance.  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee announce that they  have completed arrangements  for an entertainment to be  given by the Royal Gwent Male  Singers an Thursday, November  16th. This entertainment promises well to be the event of the  season, and for all lovers of  good music there is a treat in  store. -  Monday ..was payday at the  the mine and mill, "and about  $15,000 was  paid in wages, exclusive of board  at the  mine.  About   half  of the   payroll   is  distributed at the mill,   offices,  water, power and   light plants,  etc.   It' is a fairly large payroll  in a town with the population  of Hedley., and of course, that  is the principal source' of busi-  revenue for the town.  never had time to write to.you.*, ;  I will never forget some of the*  old days when wc used to work .,  together.   I do hope you wiLT '  get this letter all right and let i "  me   know   how things ��������� are  at ~~  Hedley.    I   have  seen  quite a  ']  number of the boys from Hed- /  ley.   I saw Frank out there and' ���������  Tucker.    He is  pretty lucky to  have never been hit yet and has-  been  through   quite   a   lot "of /  fighting, too.   I will close this    j  letter, as the doctor is  coming 7  to give me hell again, but it has  to be done. '     i  i<r  "-'���������'-.  Letter from W. Liddicoat.  The   following   letter    from  Corpl. W. Liddicoat last week'  by  R.   Hambly   of the   Nickel  Plate   mine.     Corporal   Liddicoat has been for some time an  inmate of. St. Mary's  hospital,  Paddington,* London::     '"  .   , .  Deab Friend Dick-; Just a  few lines  hoping  this will find  you and your wife and  family  in the best of health, as it leaves  me, only I have quite a little  pain  in my  left thigh.    I was  wounded on the 9th September  at the Somme. They came near  putting my lights out this time.  This is the  third  time  I have  been wounded but not as  bad  as this.    1 got it in both arms,  in  my  right  foot,   and   a   big  chunk blown off my left thigh,  but   my   arms   and   foot   are  pretty   near" well   again.     My  ���������������������������left leg  will  take a long time  as it is a big  wound  and I had  to drag myself about two hundred   yards   before I  could get  any help.    The doctor told me  yesterday that I would be lucky  if I got out  of bed   in   three  months.  That is the worst part  of it being in - bed so  long, but  we are well  looked after here.  We have the very  best  of doctors and nurses and   the people  can't do  enough  for   us.    We  have a concert here every week,  and  there are always  visitors  coming to see us and  bringing  us all kinds of stuff. Well, Dick,  I hear there  was another air  raid around here last night.    I  heard the  guns  but it seemed  quite  a distance away; I  also  heard  the  people cheering   to  beat the band about 1   o'clock  this morning, so I asked  what  ib was.all about and   they told  me that we had brought down  a zeppt   J Hope it is right  That  is about all the Germans can do  is kill women and children, and  I have seen it.  The towns in Belgium and  France behind the firing line  are nothing but ruins. A man  can hardly believe it, and as for  the churches���������there is not a  church within range of their  guns but is destroyed, and fine  churches at that. I have been  in some of the handsomest  churches I ever saw. They are  great church people.  Well,. Dick, . I suppose you  thought! forgot yo������ altogether,  hut I thought a lot about you  since   I  have  been  away,  but  Feud Settled. -  The feud of some years stand  ing between the editor'-and'the \~; $  police magistrate of Greenwood 1/^  has been settled by compromise/'  The   editor   has - made ', ample ;  apology, and  the  police magis-  etrate has been found guiltyrby-  a jury of his peers-of-sitting'  astride  the prostrate' form /of ^  the editor and exulting and get- '  ting his knees  wet in the damp  snow.   The  trial judge let the >  verdict end  the matter/  They  are    both    good    fellows  and  shouldn't   have    "feuded.",    A-  successful   feuder.   should    go  barefoot, wear butternut colored  garments, carry.a/jmuzzle-load- ������������������  ing,rifle or a sawedoff,-and be '.  a dead shot, but the game,* like  five-and-forty, is obselete.   J ^\  fiitt  '4k  eating  V'-..  #4  Some of the papers are advo-  a title .for   Geo.  Ham.  George   hasn't' the jmoney* to  buy a title, and  he's- too big to,  beg, borrow or steal one.'Titles  in Canada are as much .out of  place as   fossils would "be, ex-"  cept in museums or_the/Senate.\.;4^  Tifcles:are-given,-'as' a rulef riot ^"^  for sefyice"to''the^' country.fbut,  on the  recommendatibirof ~the  leader  of a political party for  services rendered to that party.  Occasionally  a real-man -who  has done something gets" a title,  but the  occasional one  serves  the same purpose that a few  cloves would in a pot of soup���������  to flavor a vile decoction.  %t  m  J. P's Weekly of Vancouver  has suspended publication  owing to the difficulty in  securing "  suitable paper for  the "publication.    Bruce has accepted a roving commission with The Daily  Province, and will write up the  different districts of the province.   The mining, agricultural,' r  timber  and other  resorces. of"  each  district   will   receive   his  -  attention.  R. J. Burd, publisher of the  Alberni News is now a lieutenant fighting at the front. Geo.  Pedlar, formerly editor of the  Fernie Free Press, is also at the  front on the firing line.  Who will be Brewster's minister of mines ? What's the matter with Jim Schofield or L. W.  Shatford ?  as  ��������� ������������������ The soldier   vote,   so  far  counted,   has   not    made    any  changes in the legislature.  A distribution of superior  sorts of grain and potatoes will  be made the coining winter and  spring to Canadian farmers.  The samples for general distribution will consist of spring  wheat, white oats, barley and  field pea?, about 5 pounds of  each, and three pounds of potatoes. The grain will.be sent  out from Ottawa, and the potatoes from the several experimental farms. All samples will  be sent free by mail. Only one  sample of grain and one of potatoes will be sent to aach farm.  As the supply of seed is limited  farmers are advised to apply  early. Requests received after  the end of December *will probably be too late. Address the  Dominion Cerealist, Experimental Farm, Ottawa, for an  application blank.  v>  iV*  ,.-,jf.W  -   ^  ���������   *������ - li-i'.INS mgtt ���������w"- T*)!""  THE     GAZETTE.      HEDLEY.      B.     C.  EXCELSIOR  INSURANCE  COMPANY  AN EXCLUSIVEL Y CANADIAN COMPANY  ESTABLISHED 1890  Excelsior Policies Are  Money Makers  Wet and Dry Periods  Come Alternately  And Have Been Doing So For Three  ��������� Thousand Years  Among the more notable investigations of the climate of past ..centuries are those by Professor Huntington, and his conclusions arc based on  historical rccdrds in Europe, archaeological investigation in Central  America, and on the tree growth as  indicated by the rings of old trees,  especially the Sequoia of California.  The curves showing probable rainfall, which he has obtained from  these various sources, show a fairly  satisfactory agreement through the  past 3,000 years, and indicate that the  weather conditions throughout this  long span of human history have been  pulsatory in character, periods of  wet years alternating irregularly with  periods  of  relatively  dry  years.  In the past 100 years there have  bccir-cxceptionally wet seasons and  exceptionally dry seasons, also exceptionally cool summers, and exceptionally warm summers. Early in  the 19th century there were scveril  exceedingly cool years in Eastern  Canada and the United Slates, notably 1812, 1815 aud 1816, and 1812 and  1816 were known as years without a  summer.  While the rainfall from April 1st  to late in June was in excess of the  rainfall of the'corresponding period  in any year since -records have been  kept in Toronto", there arc three May-  July periods and five July-August periods when the rainfall was considerably greater than it was in April,  May and June.  The excessive rain was only in Ontario and western Quebec. In eastern Quebec and the Maritime Provinces the fall was about an average,  while in Newfoundland the rainfall  was comparatively light, and for two  months the weather was exceptionally fine and bright. ��������� Sir Robert J'.  Stupart, director ol" meteorological  service'for Canada, in The Agricultural Gazette.  Valuable Addition To  Canada's Wealth  Stefannson  Makes    Valuable   Copper  Discoveries in the Arctic  Region  The discovery ������ by the Canadian  Arctic expedition headed by Vilhjal-  niiir Stefansson of a great field of  nalivc_coppcr in the vicinity of Copper Mine River, in the neighborhood  of Prince Albert Island, will prove  of great value to the business world,  says Dr. Chester A. Reeds of the  American Museum of Natural History. Dr. Reeds believed also that it  will afford scientists an opportunity  for displaying their ingenuity in finding an outlet from a region that is  still unopened in a commercial sense.  The work of the parly is expected  to prove valuable in determining the  direction of winds and the movement  of tides in the Polar region. Dr.  Reeds said this work might go a long  way to prove or disprove the theory  that an unknown continent exists in  the great unexplored region north of  Alaska and west and northwest of  Greenland.  In The Good Old Times  Realize How Well Off You Are In  These Later Days  Don't let history lead you astray.  The chronicles of past ages were set  down by contemporary scribes, who  exaggerated the grandeur and opulence  of their days.  The renaissance with all its assumptions and pomp, was in many  ways a very sorry spectacle.  Squalor, filth and discomfort demeaned the mightiest castle. Rats,  vermin, swarms of flics, mosquitoes  and worse flourished in the fetid  rooms and carried unspeakable infections.  Puddles of sewage lay before aristocratic doorways. Sidewalks were  ankle   deep   with   slime  and  garbage  Warfare and Insanity   .  Few Are Crazed By the Battles,-Ac-  ���������' cording' to Statistics ,  In the early days of the war doleful predictions were heard that modern civilization with its debilitating  horrors of modern death dealing devices would drive thousands of soldiers mad. Men taken from peaceful  pursuits, whose chief hazard had been  in crossing the streets, were suddenly set down in an inferno of explosives, beset with the constant imminence of death in terrible forms, deprived of countless comforts and conveniences, racked in mind night and  day for i months, and there seemed  every probability that thousands indeed would break under the unfamiliar and seemingly intolerable strain.  But the records do not show it.    Sta  It Stops the Twinges of Rheumatism,.  Limbers the Muscles, Eases the Joints  Streets   were   unlightcd and perilous, tislics thus far prove that these fears  No surgical operation is nccessaiy  in removing corns if Hollow-ay's  Corn   Cure  be  used.  Whom the Germans Fear.  We  already    know  how    the .Germans  have    feared  the  Highlanders.  - They have  better  reason   for fearing  " them  today    than    ever    they    had.  There   has   been   nothing   finer   done  in'this war or,'I believe, in any war,  than ,thc    way  in  which     Scotsmen,  after    four    days    of      unimaginable  strain, held and flung back the enormously    preponderating    numbers  of  the  desperate  last  German     counter  BABY'S GREAT DANGER  DURING HOT WEATHER  Afore little ones die during the hot  weather than at any other lime of  the year. Diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera infantum and stomach troubles  come without warning, and when a  medicine is not at hand to give  promptly the short delay too frequently means that the child has passed beyond aid. Baby's Own Tablets  should always be kept in homes  where there arc young children. An  occasional dose of the Tablets will  prevent stomach and bowel troubles,  or if the trouble comes suddenly the  prompt use of the Tablets will" cure  tlie baby. The Tablets arc sold by  medicinc dealers or by mail .at 25  cents a box from The Dr. WtfthTms'  Medicine   Co.,   Brockvillc,  Out.  When Will Peace Come?  When will .peace come? Il will  come when Germany is ready for it,  and the time is approaching. It will  come when Germany has learnt the  lesson of the war, when it has found,  as every other nation has had to  learn, that the voice of Europe cannot be defied with impunity. It will  come when Germany is ready to repudiate the persons and the principles that made the war inevitable,  when the militarists and the Chauvinists have became a despised and repudiated remnant, when the nation  says:  "To  you  we  listened,  and-you  except  to  armed  companies  Leonardo da Vinci could: neither  cool nor heat his home. There wasn't a chimneyed lamp in the house,  nor a spigot, nor a toilet, nor a stove.  When he made a journey, he rode  for days on horseback or jolted over  the ruts in a sumptuous but spring-  less coach.  Even the cultured classes were'indescribably vulgar in their habits. A  farm-hand would resent the table  manners of mediaeval exquisites..  The rapturously beautiful women  eternalized by , tradition, " generally  disclosed rows of decayed and snag-  gled teeth when they, smiled upon  their admirers and fished for choice  gobbets with unmanicurcd fingers  among golden 'dishes in which nobles  served their food.  Dentistry 'had, not been invented.  Surgery boasted few resources beyond blood-letting and.leeching. Doctors were arrant quacks, unable to  cope with the fevers and epidemics  which constantly devastated the  population.  Property was at the mercy of the  greedy lords and exposed to thieving  bands, against whom honest citizens  could   evoke   no  redress.  Assassination was an organized  trade. Professional bravos frankly  advertised their services and at a  price impersonally stabbed or poisoned any individual whose enemy  engaged   their, offices.  J-Iow would you like to trade your  lot for theirs?  Arc you still dissatisfied with your  circumstances? Do you dare arraign Fortune, after the above contrast for the case and comfort,, the  facilities and conveniences, the' liberty and protection that you enjoy in  this enlightened country and century?  Looks better now, doesn't it���������that  neat little flat of yours, with its running water , and sanitary plumbing,  steam heat, ice, telephone', clcvator,-  electric lights, gas range,'a trolley  out fronl, a fire department around  the corner, health officers watching  over your children, a policemen within call, surgeons and physicians five  minutes away, and every privilege  open to anybody in the land?  Fifteen dollar clerks are far better  off in 1916 than .prime" ministers' used  to be in 1619. Their pay envelopes  are  magic power.    All  the  money  in  were tremendously.exaggcrated  Dr. G. Dumac, who has treated all  cases of mental trouble in one of tlie  French armies, says his data, covering the first six months of last year,  agrees with the reports of German  doctors regarding madness among  combatants. He finds the cases of  insanity caused directly or indirectly  by the war in France arc quite as few  in proportion as those reported'in  Germany, and offers the figures as refutation'of the theory of German specialists that the Teutonic race has  greater nervous resistance than the  French or Latin. The same conclusion is indicated by the British reports. It is doubted whether - any  appreciable number of soldiers who  have broken down mentally would  not have done so anyhow, even if  there had been no war. Most of the  cases suggested previous .weaknesses.  ���������From" the Pittsburg Dispatch.  Amazing  Relief Comes at  Once --- Cure Every Time  USE NERVILINE  Aching joints and sore muscles are  common in rheumatic people. Inflammation is deep in  the tissues. You  might use a dozen remedies and  derive less relief  than ���������Neryilincvwill  give you in half an' hour.  Ncrvilinc is a pain siibducr that  words do not altogether describe.  It is fuily five fimes stronger thrm  most remedies, not that it affects the  skin unfavorably���������no, its great power  is due to its wonderful penetrative  quality���������it strikes in deeply, but  never burns or blisters.  Just rub-^Nervilihe into sore mils- .  cles, stiff joints, aiid note the glow of in  comfort, the case of pain that fol- A  lows. '' ;.;  You arc astonished; delighted^ this if  is because- words do not  express the %  promptness    and    permanency, ���������witli %  which Ncrvilinc cures every,ache and !������]  pain  in  the  muscles  and. join Is. -        -.fif  Marvellous/you'll   say.-- ���������  'Natural, i*|  we     say,'   because"  Nerviline  is   differ- \  ent,      stronger,!  more     penetrating, [a  a    tiuc    pain    sub-J-  duer.    Just - try it������i  and sec if it doesn't cure rheumatism,}}!  and>i|  neuralgia,      lumbago,      strains  sprains.     . "���������   ",- ���������  The large 50c family size bottle"is$i  far  more  economical    than, the    25c������;  trial   s,izc.       Get  it  today. ������    Sold by*;  dealers     everywhere,   or   direct   from;)  trTfe     Catarrhozonc     Co.,     Kingston,;]  Canada. 'ii  Prevention and Provision  It is a strange argument, that of  the pacifists that preparedness will  not prevent war. No more does fire  prevention work prevent fires. But  it docs lesson the probability of fires  and reduce the losses from them  when they'.occur. It is the part of  wisdom to accept things as they arc,  forsec the evil that may come and  seek to minimize its effects.���������New  York Evening Sun.  Pat went to a druggist .to get an  empty bottle. Selecting one that answered his  purpose,  he asked:  "How much?"  "Well," said the ��������� clerk, "if you  wantk the empty bottle it'll be one  cent, but if you have something put  in it we won't charge a^'thing for  the  bottle."  "Sure, that's fair enough," observed Pat.    "Put in a cork."  inc   uesperaic   iasc   ucrman     coumcr-  ,,.��������� i,.,..��������� ���������k���������..���������,i. .���������       .��������� i ��������� > i     . . .:   &      i^*���������������-'���������    -.���������������������������������   "^  ".v.,..,.>   j..  attack.    It was what remained of the \l L^nb%?S.l������,Z������.V\CJ'f.Yc s?,c- middle-aged   Europe wasn't   sufficient  tt.  , ,      , ... ,,     .   ,       ,r ..rificed  all   that   holds  us  to  life,   the  Highlanders    with   a   gallant   handful |livcs  of  our d husbands  of  South  Africans, who    ina  hastily,     d f   , ,      ^    , d   b  made   line,   met,   body   to   body,   and ,,������������������<-.-   ���������f  ��������� _���������,_ ,i          beat  back a  force  of  either nine  or  ten battalions  of fresh  troops.    Il is  in  such   things   when,  after  the   Gcr-  liefs   of  our  ancestors,   and  our  own  better  nature.    You   have  offered  us  wealth and power and  the kingdoms  .���������      -    i    .i    i ���������. .  . of  this  world,  and  we  accepted  your  man   artillery     had   done     its   worst joffcr  and     VQUr j 'aml- wlu.l  their infantry must come in, that, not | hayc   W<J?     F       Ul(.n]      ;.   , fe  once, but a  score  of  times  here, we  tered Q- f a���������   an(J t,ie].c . ��������� nothi      m  but  have proved ourselves the better men  It is a big thing to say, but there is  nothing in all Scotland's fighting history of which Scotsmen have more  right to be proud they'have of this  incident .at ' Longueval. ��������� London  Daily "News.  Minard's -'Liniment   Cures   Garget   in  >,   Cows.  return but hunger and cold and nakedness, disease and. death, ruin and  destitution."���������Nineteenth   Century.  to purchase the things available to  95 per cent, of a modern community.  You don't appreciate how well off  you are���������how lucky to find yourself  on earth at a lime when commoners  can possess more than Tsars once  had.  Don't cheat yourself. The world  was never a more pleasant place.  All the folks born since Adam have  thought and wrought, experimented,  invented, revolted, sacrificed aud suffered for your benefit, to abolish oppression, to level ranks, to spread  learning,     to eliminate menaces  Montreal,   May 29th, '09.  Miiiard's  Liniment  Co.,  Limited,  Yarmouth,  N.   S.  Gentlemen,���������I beg to let'vou know  that I have used  MINARD''S LINIMENT for  some  lime, and  I find  it  the   best   I   have   ever   used   for   the  joints  and  muscles.   '  Yours very  truly,  THOMAS   J.'   HO CAN.  'The   Champion   Clog   and   Pedestal Dancer of Canada.  Seasickness in the Trenches  The breaking of water pipes caused Germans marooned in the trenches to suffer from thirst, but the  failure to cat was not 'due in every  case tb lack of food, much being stored in underground quarters. A captured Bavarian captain made' this  statement .to'a Post-Dispatch correspondent: The constantly bursting  shells caused such atmospheric 'concussions and detonations of the earth  that officers and men ���������werc sickened  and nauseated by the incessant tremblings. During" three days the Germans were listless and apathetic and  took no  nourishment.  The rocking of the earth produced  by the tremendous explosions was so  great that the men actually became  seasick in  the. trenches!  -���������*��������� ���������--��������������������������� ������������������������������������ ��������� jj  Loss Through Shipping Dirty Grain:  About 40 Per cent, of the cleanings  removed  from  grain  at  the  terminal,   ,_  t,      ..- r    ,   , .,-. ,    .,  elevators consists of fine seeds cap-!at. V1^ dlsgosal ?f *he 'P11']^ auth-/4  able of passing through a zinc screen Ioritics. Several thousands .of Bel- LI  containing perforations 1-14 inch in *ians h*v,c Jeft England to join the .J  diameter.. \ This means that-40,000 Iarn?y> and these constitute a consid- <4|  tons of small weed seeds arc shipped "able force if -t is remembered that 8T  in'Western grain each year on which the whole colony of Belg.an .refuges ������  - -    -  - - In  the    United  Kingdom, ' men,-,,wo- 12  men  and   children,  amounts  af" most Va  to 200;000 persons. ���������".. '���������-���������.,    -    -'  It  should   also  be  noted'that'(he "J  majority    of  Belgian    workmen    are %.  employed    in    the munition    works, (|  where  they  are  usefully  serving-the Wt  common cause of the allies.       -     - "  Belgians in England  How They Are Serving .the Cause oik1-  '- '   the Allies -   .',  .. Xt  Various newspapers have published*!!  statements  regarding foreigners  rcsi-f*I  dent in England who are said, owingijf  to  the war and the call  to. arms of!  British citizens,'to be trying to usurp ffl  the  places  occupied  by the latter infcjf  trade , and    industry.   > Special-"   and;  pointed allusion is made to-the Bel-}v  gians,   and   this may  have  the   effect i|J  of misleading the'public and creating$1  in  England an-unjust and dangerous,??"  feeling towards them. ' -fl  During the first months of the.war ������T  the  Belgian  authorities organized an'!/  intense propaganda    in favor  of��������� the'  voluntary enrolment of refuges."Thenf  two laws in 1915 and 1916 called ������������������'to 7X  arms "various  categories  of Belgians, if]  and measures 'were taken to discover jjjr  lefractory-Belgians    'and  place  them $  the grower pays the freight and.for  which he gets no return. This represents a loss of a quarter of a million  dollars which could be obviated if  these fine seeds were removed before  the * grain>-is shipped. The manufacturers of.threshing machines arc un-^.  animous in stating that their machines are or may be fitted with' screens  and operated to separate a large part  of the screenings ' -at tlie time of  threshing.-The.remaining 60 per cent,  of the cleanings is good feed and if  it could be 'retained on' the farm  would mean a double saving to the  grain grower. At least the fine seeds  should and could be removed at  threshing time.���������Seed Branch, Ottawa. "  German Idea Must Be Conquered  The worl is still under the-spell oF  .battle, and judgment of results is deferred till the time when the verdict  on "the"' battlefield shall be definite.  ��������� Germany has gained, provinces, she  has added a half and more to her  area since the war began; if sIt: is  permitted to hold these conquests,  then other generations of Germany  will, have reason to believe that the  German doctrine is sound and the  German idea right and that it is wise  to abolish civilization and ignore humanity because it is profitable. It is  the German idea, but so long as the  There   is   moie   Catairli   in   tills   section   of  tlie   country   than   all'other   diseases   put   to-   ...  gethei, and for years it was supposed to be handicaps,   to   universalize   opportun-  l.ncurable.    Doctors  prescribed  local  remedies, I Jly -  .ind   by  constantly   failing:  to   cure  with   local I       i'f   vmI   ,...,.,.    711m..   .1,.,,,   ,.������������������   i,_,.���������  I treatment,   pronounced   it-.-incurable.     Catarrh        lt   y������"   AValU   "101C   1-ll������i11   >������11   have,  is  a  local  disease,  greatly  influenced   by  con-'go   get   lt.   But   first   pause   to      weigh  .tttutional   conditions   and   therefore   requires'the   worth   of   what   yatl   already ,pos-  ..onstitutioiial      treatment.        Hall's      Catarrh   sese  Cure,  n-.anufac.uied 'by  i\   J.   Cheney  &  Co.,:?"/ .1 '��������� 1- ,     , ���������  Toledo,  Ohio,  is a  constitutional re'medy,  is'     -11   tucrc   is   any  discontent   lurking  .aken   internally   and' acts   through  the  H'lood   ill   VOlir   mind,   direct   it   at   voursclf.  J11  the Mucous  Surfaces of the System.     One |        " .   An Innocent Victim  thornc, overlooks  the  harbor,  with  a  German people hold lo that idea thcrcjv-iew  of  Marblchead  in   the distance.  Hundred Dollars ie\\aid is ofteTed for any  oase that [tail's Catanh Cuic fails to cure.  Send  fo:   circulais  and  testimonial"..  .     I-.  J. .CirENF.V  &  CO.,-Toledo,   Ohio.  Sold  by   Druggists,   75c.  The House of Seven Gables  This old house, which is one of the  shoV places of Salem, Mass:, and was  made    famous    by  Nathanial    Haw-  can be no peace. There is no longer  a present danger of German supremacy in Europe, or in the world, but  there will be a future danger if Germany comes forth from the war richer  in provinces and power by reason of  her brutality, her violence, and her  bad   faith.���������New   York  Tribune.  To Win the War  Yasl as  the demands. made on  the  nation     arc,  and  vast     as   tlie" effort  they will  entail must be, the achievement   will   not   overtax   our   capacity.  The  money  can   be   raised,  and  it  is  no  more  than  sober fact  to s.iy that  there   is   only   one   nation   in   Europe  that could raise it today.   Day by day  as the cost of the war grows greater  the responsibility of Great Britain as  the  financial   corner-stone  of  the  Alliance   is   more  unmistakably   demonstrated.     But this at  least  is certain,  thai   the   money  is  going  not  merely  to prosecute the war, but to win  the  war.      The business    of the  Government i.s lo sec lo it that the material  for maintaining    and  increasing    the  pressure     is   constantly  forthcoming.  The  business    of  the    people    is  to  stand behind  the  Government as one  man.���������London  Daily  News.  The house faces the south. Its east  end borders on Turner street, crowding down so close to the sidewalk  that the picturesque sign over the  shop door swings jusl over the heads  of the passers by. The steeply sloping roof of the ancient mansion, its  sharp pointed gables, its grey weather-beaten .-clapboards, the faded red  of its brick chimneys all attract the  visitor who journeys to this historic  house.  The house was built in 1669 by  JphivTurner, a Salem merchant. The  third'John Turner sold flic house in  1782 to Captain Samuel Ingcrsoll.  Mrs. Ingersoll was a Hawthorne aiid  a cousin to Hawthorne's father. The  house is a picturesque clapboard  house, and its many gables add interest and qtiaintncss to its composition.  Granulated Eyelids,  Eyes inflamed by exposure to Sun, Dust and Wind  1 ������ /-/������&<E?S *JUIC'c')r relieved by Murine  ��������� W ���������5S& Eye Remedy. No Smv'inij,  if just  Eye  Comfort.    Ad  Vour Druggist's 50c per Bottle. Murine Eya  SaIveinTubee25c. ForEleobolfheEyeFreeask  PruggrNu or Marine Eye Remedy Co.. Chlcacff  W.  N.     U.     1122  Union of the.Churches  There may be. no immediate sign  of a wider movement than the forging of closer' links among the Free  Churches, but_ unless the whole lesson of Christianity has for nineteen  centuries been' misread the ultimate  aim must embrace a*n ideal limited by  no distinctions of nationalities or  hierarchies. There are dawning  signs of the realization of that truth  the world over; and even in the consideration of so comparatively restricted a problem as the union of  the English Free Churches it is necessary that, the ultimate purpose  should be kept always in view.���������  London  Daily  News.  "Have    you any    secrets    in your  past?" she asked.  "None to speak of," he replied.  The   Original   of  Squecrs   Died  of  a  .Broken Heart  The grossest injury which Dickens  ever inflicted on a fellow being was  his too accurate portrait of an innocent man in his Squeers. Thai Yorkshire schoolmasters were, as a rule,  cruel and wicked enough il is true,  but the particular schoolmaster who  was recognized and who recognized  himself as the original Squecrs seems  to have been an exception to the rule.  Il will be remembered that Dickens  and his illustrator travelled togethcr  to the north of England for the purpose of collecting material for "Nick-  leby" and especially for the Dothc-  boys episode. Al. C-rela-Bridgc they  visited a boarding school known as  Bowes academy. The master, William  Shaw, received the strangers', with  sdine hauteur anel.did not as much as  withdraw' his' eyes from lhe operation of penmaking during the interview. ���������-'''���������  Phiz sketched him in the act; Dickons described the act.. The personi.l  peculiarities of William Shaw were  recognized in Squecrs. Sliaw became  a butt of popular .ridicule, lost - his  pupils and finally died of a broken  heart.- Yet there is-abundant evidence to prove that he .was .a really  excellent and kind-harted man, who  was made to suffer-for the' misdeeds  of his neighbor.:.���������Exchange. .  Talking and Listening  We Grow Wise, Not By Talking,  -But By What We Hear  Some people talk so much that  they never have time lo learn anything. We grow wise not by what  we say, but by what we hear, and  yet there are not a few men who  have learned to talk but have not  learned -to listen. Wisdom, increas-  andjing and widening, is impossible to  such men. Their own conversation  shuts them out of all the benefits  which might conic to them from listening lo the speech of other men,  and, they pay the penalty of their  own loquacity in narrowed lin^ils of  thought and narrower limits of sympathy.  It is-easy for a good talker to lalk  loo much, and it is very hard to get  him lo realize that he does talk too  much. Usually the man who can  lalk freely likes to talk, and in the  enjoyment of his own eloquence he  completely forgets that other people  also desire once in a while lo say  a little. The talker- may not mean  to be selfish, but he is so whether  he means it or not, and he is apt to  find himself becoming increasing^  unpopular. One of the subtlest compliments you can pay a man or woman is lo be a good listener, ?.nd this  the talker finds it hard  lo be.  The Potato Situation  Appearances indicate that Ontario  will have to depend on outside sources for a good deal of its potato supply again this year. Fortunately  these outside sources are not likely  to fail. The Census and-Statistics  Office, Ottawa, reports that the potato crop promises -well in all the  Maritime Provinces and that thp  same is true of Quebec outside of  two  districts.  An old farmer who had been henpecked all his life was about to die.  His wife fclt.it her duty to offer .'him  such consolation as she might, and  said:''  "John, you arc about.to go, but I  will follow you.''  "I suppose so, Maria," said- the old  man, weakly, "but so far as I am  concerned you needn't ,bc iti any  blamed hurry about  it."  Native chiefs in Central ^Africa arc  competing'with" each other in sending native troops to aid the Belgians  in-their,fight against the Germans in  East  Africa.  Time Has Tested It.-^-Dr. Thomas*  Eclectric'Oil has been on'the market-  upwards of thirty years, and in that  time it'Bas* prove'd'"a'blessing, to "%  thousands.- It, is in high favor -vl  throughout Canada, and its excel- < |]  lence has carried its, fame .beyond *���������  the seas. It has "no equal "in -the  whole list'of_ liniments. If.it were  double, the .price it would be a cheap J  liniment.        .     ' "\  -   1  A Strikeless Country ��������� ;  Canada, with a law which makes thfc  mediation process highly effective,  has been called a "strikeless country."  The Industrial Disputes'-Investigation fci  Act, of 1917, makes-the gentle pro- M  cess . of mediation mandatory.. There ia  is nothing- in 'the law to compel dis- pi  putants to accept the .findings,, of the - o  mediators. But the-facts brought out "  by-thc official inquiry are published  broadcast, with the idea that public  opinion, thus well informed, will be  so actively expressed that the trouble  will" be settled-without a strike���������Pro-.,  videncc Journal.  ���������"Did you get anything?",, whisper.-  cd.'the ' burglar "bnjguard" as jlris" pal  emerged from"the window!'-'' "''' -      '  "No., .The bloke wot lives, here is  a lawryer," " replied"' ihe- other in disgust..  "That's hard luck!" said the first.  "Did you lose anything?"  The   Premier, of  France   consider*  that  his'"capacity  for' -.work lias.'dc-  vcloped since he limited his sleep, to  .   five hours per day. *    '  ��������� l - ���������       *' ������    ... ' f-.  r-   '���������'   ��������� -  Many children die from . the assaults of worms, and the first-care of  mothers should be to-sec, that their  infants are free from these pests. A  vermifuge.-that can be depended on  is" Miller's Worm Powders. They  will not only expel worms from the  system, but act as a health-giving  medicine and a'remedy for many of  the" ailments that beset infants, enfeebling them and endangering their  lives.  Minard's Liniment Cures Colds, Etc.  Canadians Can Serve in British Navy  lt is believed that many who wish  to do their bit-but are lovers of the  sea will take: advantage of the opportunity to enter the Royal, Canadian Volunteer reserve for.scrvicc en  imperial s.hips in the European war.  Negotiations covering the last llircc  months have resulted in the plan  that men can enlist.*under the Canadian government for-^ervicc 011 British, ships, thus obtaining i-. higher  rate of pay.    ��������� ���������-  No officers will be recruited, as  only men of the various ship ratings  ire required. Those-with naval experience arc given preference, but  those -without previous sea service  -will be trained at the expens'e of the  Dominion ' Government.  and poor Appetite  That dull achi  tin  "There's one good thing about  golf/'  "What is it?"--; ���������  . -  "It's seldom that your wife insists  on yoU taking her to see it played."  "".   Woolwich Arsenal.    , .  Woolwich Arsenal owes its .existence to a Swiss named Schalch.  Whilst Borgard wra's attending an experiment . in . recasting some brass  guns in 1716, an explosion occurred,  17 bystanders being killed. Schalch  had foretold tlie accident, and was  then invited by the Board of Ordnance to' select a good site in London for casting all the guns required. He chose. Woolwich, but 'would-,  hot have considered ^'sq exposed a  spot had he not been limited to a radius of 12 miles round London. For ,  60 years Schalch was Superintendent j  of Foundries, and not a single acci-1  dent occurred during that time. j  uisea and distaste  for food with which so many begin tho  day, soon goes when you take Dr. Cassell's  Instant Relief.    The root of the trouble- is disordered- ,lirerj-7per;-  haps constipation, and Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief so surely restores   ���������  both liver and "bowels that these Tconjplijints. becoras ���������.impossible..,/.'  ' "Science SiJtingj," April 11, 1916, says :���������"Providenco ha$'eiveh" "  us tho brains to dsviss means to compensate Nature for cur Itl-trestrriariJ  of her.   .   .   .   Too moans at horn! como "fromi naturarjeureef, antf-we  have them embodied in such  SjHemlW  combinations a* Or. Ontseli's  Instant Relief.     We take this preparation las an >xamnie wjutiniH  is so well balanced in the matter of components and so effective In livery  "direction."'^        ...... 7' 7,^/7?;^' 4''i':if  Take Dr.. Cass-eH-s Instant Relief for cbnstipatioft,' blifbusnesii'/  torpid liver, sick headache, dizziness, specks before the eyes* flatulence and windy/spasms, aeidity,   heartburn,   impure.-., blood,   and  that dull,   heavy" feeling-.which   is   a.   sure-   indication :of   liver-  '.troubles.  .   -  .. ... .',...       '-. l'��������� .    '������;-'.���������  Ask for Dr. Cassell's Instant Relief and take ���������n������":.si<bstitut*.  Price 50 cents, from all Druggists and Storekeepers,  '"Or diract from the sole agents for Canada. Harold F. Kitoliie and Oo.. .- f  Ltd., 10. M'Oaul.-etreet, .Toronto.   War Tax 2 cants txira. y'\  Or. cassell's Instant Relief is the oompanion   to' Dr. Cassell's Tablet*.  -   Sole Proprietor*..- Dr. Cosoeli's  Co.; Ltd., MancKestcr,'England:'  l-'j.  Dr. Cassell's  * i.  j?ca  il  f/I  i',%  ���������n  1  : .!���������.- Ii't -.'��������� iV ������> H^-O'W'i'f- E;  ';;;.;i/^.iy'.r*kci;bs'vv.''7-;.-;;  **** I--I I  r " - ^    ' \. .*��������� 4*1- . V/VwAfi*  THE     GXZETTE."   HEDLEY,     B.     &  "SiT  i  10 DEALINGS WITH THE ENEMY  UNTIL THE NEXT GENERATION  ��������� ��������� \  R GEO. FOSTER'S SPIRITED MESSAGE TO BRITAIN  Bri? ain Makes All Own Rifles      . Must Defend Empire  -- - - rm  I.  rges Strong After-War Measures in Dealing With the Germans  And Lays Considerable Stress on the,-Fact That the Empire  And Allies Should Be Favoured Before Neutrals    o '���������; ���������  f  War Works Some  Physical Wondera  Lessons   Insanity and Frees Women  ,From Many Neurotic  Ailments  An interesting sidelight on President Wilson's remark about "the  world going mad" is given in the annual report of Dr. William Graham,  of Belfast, one of the most highly  reputed Irish alienists, who presents  a remarkable picture of the tonic  value  of war.    Dr.  Graham says:  "The fact is indisputable that insanity," like corns, has lessened during the* period of the-war." /  So ^far as  the^ future is  concerned,  Dr.   Graham   is"     encouraging.    ' He  says that there are solid .grounds for  the hope    that "especially,    although  not' exclusively, "among ' women, ,w  shall .find a great "diminution of.'those  neurotic disorders that formcd"a part  of .the ^mental   abnormality  of   thou-  .    ... ,        . ,    i .sands of men who have gone or are  gluigland ��������� who wished to resume  preparing    to  go to the    front,  who  ilings with Germany after the war.        *-.*-..*>-.  y.bii- George Foster's speech at Earl  ?y's     Colonial     Institute  luncheon  dc  a   great   impression,   especially  strong  but   entirely  unaggressive  [iHssagc to the  Briiish  Ministers re-  leding    the    Empire's    attitude to-  ���������-ds neutrals, which, of course, for  {lishnicn  and  Canadians means in  ct   ihe  United   States.  ir  George  spoke of  the profound  rcssion     made    upon     him     and  :r '  overseas    representatives    by  r visits    to    the    battlefronts    in  ndcrs,  the  naval  bases  in  Britain  the , munitions    factories    in    all  is  of the kingdom.  In   two  years   Canada   has   passed  jugh phases which have  chasten-  '(and   strengthened   her  heart,"   he  3l.       "We    and    you     have    had  (Sicthing   of   the   feelings   of   Geth-  ffianc.    We  can  never  go  back  to  ijtt days of August, 1914.    We shall  i$������cr be the same again."  Lc severely eluded those" who bade  wait -till- the war '.was  over,  espe-  \\y those���������and '-he  met  not  a  few  who wished to resume  All Machine-Guns Also Come From  Home Sources  Great Britain is rapidly becoming  independent of United States munitions supplies, according to a statement made in the Briiish House of  Commons by the Hon. Edward Samuel  Montagu,  Minister of  Munitions.  "The United States supply of heavy  shells has been invaluable to us," said  Mr. Montagu, "but, with the increasing home and Canadian supplies] we  hope to be able to do without United  States shells altogether."  No less than 2,250,000 persons were  engaged in the manufacture of munitions in Britain in June, the Minister  declared, and this number has been  still further increased. Of the total,  more than 400,000 were women, he  said. He added that 45,000 soldiers  had been  released from  the army lo  Premier Hughes  Speaks- of - Need "of  . Strong. British' Race . u  Mr. W. M. Hughes, the Prime. Minister of Australia, when made a freeman of the City of London, responded to the honor with a nobly paly--  riotic speech^ Speaking in- a clear,  strong voice, master of himself 'and  his audience, Mr. Hughes filled the  Guildhall with "'glowing images of  our glorious .destiny." Drawing a  fine picture of the city taking Australia to her ample bosom and giving  her.equal rights, he passed to his favorite subject, the welding of the  British Empire into a great and lasting whole. ."In this, war," he said,  "the Empire has found her soul."  Among the fine phrases of his  speech were those in which he referred   to  the  valiant  dead  and   "the  NOW ON THE VERGE .OF DEFEAT ::^*m  ENEMY TRIES TO MAKE EXCUSES  '. ���������Cfl'rViS  '���������*< ~h '"������������������  ' -' - j'V  FEARS INVASION OF HER BORDERS BY THE ALLIES  The Kaiser, Seeing Inevitable Defeat Where,;Until Recently, He  Saw Nothing But Victory, Would Now Have the World  t  Believe He Is The Victim of a British Plot '" ���������  The Emperor of Germany, discussing the situation on the western  front, leccntly told the men of his  armies along the Sommc (hat Britain had led Germany to believe that j  the British people were her friends  'when     they   were    actually    plotting  A Bavarian Veteran  , :���������&  -���������~'jfi  Wrote  Jmpsl paraphrasing Lord Kitchen-  Ms last public message,'Sir George  IVed that we must purge our Em-  iue.. life entirely of the German taint  'L~do.it now.  ^P hate no man," he said "not  Jjftn the Hun,' but I have a memory,  'tbI/,propose to keep it. I am not  |fng to forget what .the Huns have  jjiic in outrage, pillage, looting, and  [farst-of all,.base betrayal of friend-  dp and hospitality for purposes of  giving iand fortifying for the Fathered. We have had revealed' what,  ���������|������ German heart and purpose is, and  "t this generation at least German  lo'ds; German men , and German  rtnership must be excluded froni  ifc'pale of the British Empire. (Loud  jfeers.) ,  K'Give them 'a good long time to  Went,'but be sure they do repent:  [Sien "they can come and pray to be  j&'mittcd lo the fellowship of decent  ���������ftciety.'.'     .  |ifSir Gco,rgc's_jreferei.ee to neutrals,  rjJiich .attracted most'attention, and  Burning /rom Canada's" spokesman at  JR*������ Empire 'conference must greatly  t&fitiVncc the British Ministers, was  i% follows:  $'"\yhat of our attitude towards ncu-  fial 'countries? That 'is a delicate  Wibjcct.' "'How long "is this Empire  fcing to take off its hat and. attune  cars to the least whisper that may  mc as to'some disadvantage that;. ,  ftll accrue lo a neutral country if uaLUiI  ^������e Empires dares to fix up its-home  li/Tairs aud choose between the Empire of today and that illimitable  ifmpire of the future if we are true  ip ourselves?  ���������i "Even if it .takes off some of your  wrofits from neutral trade, drop the  Ifrofit    practice,   sacrifice and    call it  have all their life been' subject to the  bondage of neurasthenic weakness  and incapacity or of phychasthenic  fears or hypochondriac fancies. -The  physical regime under which these'  men are compelled to liveTcan have  nothing but the best effects on those  subject  to its  discipline.".  Of women the doctor says .the war  has caused idleness and ennui it to  lose their hold  valiant living who walk into the very  aid   in   producing  shells.  *   The   vast i jaws of death in order that their lib- (Germany's"'destruction     Now a  Brit-  total     compares    with   1,635,000   per- leijy and their country may be saved." Iish   offensive "was   intended   to   carry  Of  the  war  he  said:    Our  salvation  thc   war   opcr;Uions   lo   German   soil,  is to be achieved only by deeds.      io '  thc "visionaries who babble of peace"  he gave'this fine message: "Thc history of the race teaches us one lesson, written in letters, of fire. If we  wish to hold this Empire we 'must  be prepared to defend it." To the  nation he said: "If -\vc intend to hold  this Empire for the British race we  must create conditions which will  breed a virile and resourceful people. We must'{see that throughout  this Empire the gales of opportunity ai e slammed in no man's face.  Every man must ha-\ c his chance."  sons  engaged in munitions ^vork be  fore   the   establishment   of   the   Ministry  which   Mr. .Montagu  heads.  - Thc   speaker,  whose  address   made  a most favorable impression, not only  in the Legislative halls, but with  thc  "man  in  the  street,"  gave a  detailed  comparison in all departments of lhe  present production of munitions with  that before  the establishment  of  the  Ministry or prior to the war.  Mr. Montagu pointed out that half  of  the   engineering  resources   of   the  country were required for the navy,  ,������ b,ul declared that verj-- shortly Great  .Britain would have provided for her  own-requirements, and be able lo devote herself .exclusively to the. wants  of her allies in", regard to.machine  guns. Already,' he,said,'she was sending.large amounts" of guns and munitions to her' allies', and in addition  was sending to France one-third of  her production of shell steel, - and  transferring to her allies metals necessary for munitions to the amount  of^ $30,000,000 monthly.  "The production of heavy shells,  said the Minister, was now 94 per  cent,   greater/   than  it  was    in   1914.  There was now being produced in [issued by the Militia Department. The  "It has set'them free from the be-(four days,_ he declared, as much how-j statement is to the effect that mimcr-  numbing conventionalities that have jitzcr. munition as was prouueeddur- 0us cnquiiics and applications arc  threatened to stifle their psychic en-|������'g tbe whole of last year, while I being made lo headquarters at Ot-  crgy, and so far it has contributed i there were- being turned out every kawa which ought to be mn/- elsc-  to the'soundness of mind and nerve '��������� month as many heavy gi.nsL.as  were | where,   causing   a   great   deal   of  un-  How To Get News  Of Men at Front  Department    Issues    Statement    Regarding     Applications     From  Friends  and Relatives  operations lo  and into Germany's towns and villages, to lhe peril and undoing of hci  helpless women and children. "Your  duty," he declared, "is to break the  British offensive; to prove once more  that Germany is invincible, and reduce lo despair the relentless euem-  iics of our country so that they will  suffer peace on terms honorable and  profitable ,lo Germany."  ' If this speech is"aulhcnlic, it shows  the German Emperor in the role of  a conscienceless liar. No man cv-r  labored'more sincerely for the petuc  of the world than Sir Edward Grey  in thc fateful days of July, 1914. No  notion ever entered into war vtilh  greater reluctance than- Britain did  al that time. Had the British people  been .plotting Germany's destruction  Ihcy would assuredly- have had  grealcr military strength ' than that  jceriugly spoken of as French's "con-  ���������emplible" little army. Britain's miliary     unprcparcdness     has     already  or    relatives   ,in    the    expeditionary  I forces of Canada could be made was  among thc mighty sociological forces which thc present world conflict -set in motion."  jervice.    Work    for the     future and  Jiou will have your own reward now,  jfyhile future generations will rise up  Pjnd call' you blessed.  E   "These neutral  countries arc great  nd strong, "but they have not spent  n ounce of tKeir blood nor a dollar  S'i their  money  in  that   terrible   hell  j$������f war, which on,thousands of miles  l^vas   dashed  against  the  sons   of   thc  "ikmpire, leaving its long trail of fear-  'ml consequences for many a genera-  jlion.  / "Wc may well say to neutral coun-  ries    in    settling    this    momentous  Question:  'We have    to     reconstruct  ',-Hirselves.^, We  must  be  allowed   to  We will not be un-  must  If"  m  ���������pay how to do it,  "reasonable  with  you,  b'ut, we  Defining a Deserter  Home  Soldiers' Who  Absent' Themselves Equally Culpable With  Overseas Men  The impression disseminated as  the result of a news item published  generally in Canadian - papers from  Ottawa-, that a soldier could not be  a deserter until his battalion went  overseas is vigorously contradicted  at the' militia department.'  It was stated that such is not the  case and tha a soldier who absents  himself for a sufficient period without leave is a deserter whether his  ion  is  overseas or at home.  Some misunderstanding also appears to have arisen" as regards the  power of commanding officers of  units lo sentence men to jail for being absent without leave. This has  been done in the Ottawa military district and other places as well. According to the militia department,  however, no commanding officer has  such power.    He may give a soldier  in existence whn thc Ministry of Mu-  ^ necessary  delay,   and  that "these   cn-  nitions was formed, and this number I tmii-ies  should  be  made  as  follows  would soon be nearly doubled. |    -Enquiries     relating     to     casualties  Thc   output   of  machine-guns   had are to be made direct to thc Records  increased fourleenfold,, continued the  Minister," and'there could be turned  out in  four weeks as  many of  these  implements  as  existed at  the  forma- ��������� Canadian   Expeditionary  Forces  who  have  proceeded "'overseas,     may     be  made    lo   the    "Canadian Headquar-  jiers,    Cleveland    House,    St. James'  lion of the Ministry. Thc output of  high explosives was sixty times as  great as a year ago, hut the amount _  required'was   11,000   to   12,000   times j jfquare,  London,   England.!'  as'great  as   at  thc  beginning  of  the '  war.    Thc  output of  heavy  ammuni  tion, however,- he declared, now covered the expenditure of such ammunition.  One Eye Is Enough  ,   For, Home Service  A statement concerning the manner.,     ...  in ,which enquiries or applications by! been accepted by historians as a com-  the public in  connection with friends jplete rebuttal  of the charge that she  sought the destruction of  Germany.  The events of two years of warfare prove beyond all possibility of  denial Ihal Germany was the plotter.  Her stores of war material had been  accumulated for offensive warfare.  Her great siege guns had been prepared in secret to destroy the frontier fortresses of Belgium and .France.  By thc invasion of those countries,  Germany, within a few days of the  opening of hostilities, did place in  peril and did horribly ill-treat their  helpless women and children. Only  once for a brief period in East Prussia has much of Germany's territory  been in the occupation of the Allies,  and, save for a small bit of Alsace,  no German soil is at this moment  held by them.  The Kaiser, having ruthlessly  trampled under foot some of the  fairest regions of Europe, and scattered  their  inhabitants  to   wander  as  Office al Ottawa. Other enquiries or  an .application for leave, transfer or  olhciwisc relating, lo members of the  Fought  on   Six    Fronts  and  Home Six Times c  The "War Gazelle    of    the Fourth' '  German Army"  published six laconic  postal cards of a Bavarian soldier by  the    name    of    Matthias Niedermaier  which   form   an   odd  and     somewhat  humorous   war   chronicle.    Thc  Bavarian   left   his   home   two   days   after  the     declaration     of    war.       The  six ,  cards   which   arc   the   only   news   his ,  relatives     have     received    from  him  since he wenl to war, contain the following messages: "Belgium,    August  15th, 1914���������I am 'well, but it is rather  hot around  here."      "Argonne     Forest,   France,   November  19th,  1914 ���������  Am still well; it is awfully wet in our  trenches."    "AI   the  front in   Galicia,  March 21st, 1915���������I am all right, but  myuniform is full of bugs."    "At the .  fiont near  Riga,  September,   1915 ��������� x.  Don't   worry   about   me,-I   am   well.-"  The .Russians have only^shot off one   v  of my "cars."    "Nish, December 25th,' ,  1915���������I am getting along nicely.   The  Serbians'are  finished."    "Constantinople^   February 22nd,  1916���������Have'ar'-^  rived   in   the   Turkish' capital.       We  now     go   to   Mesopotamia *' and   Armenia."  '-J  i. I 'i  ^'2������  Black List Dead-Beats  1\\\ application or enquiry relating  to- a member of thc. Canadian "Expeditionary  Force     must     be  -made  through  thc regular-channels,  that is .  in-the  officer  commanding     lhe unit   refugees   far  froin   their  homes,   now  to. which thc member of" the Cana-1"11*1 llP������" ,11C Irg^ns of Germany to  dian Expeditionary Force belongs, [prevent a7 like tragedy from overtak-  whq, will deal with thc matter lfim- ,m& l!l.c Cormair people. I-Je has-sown  self or forward it after    prompt  Modification    in the  Regulations  for  Enlistment in Canada  A man with one eye who otherwise is physically fit, may now be  enlisted, but only for service in Canada, not overseas.  A modification in the regulations  prescribes that anyone who has lost  the_ sight of one eye but whose vision  in the remaining eye is normaj,, pro-  28  days'   detention   for   being  absent jvic[ing it is  the "shooting^- eye/may  without leave, but cannot imprison  him. A magistrate must pass the  sentence. Since thc war broke out  special permission has been given  magistrates to try cases of absence  without leave.  It was also slated at the militia  department tha't the parents of  boys who have enlisted in the expeditionary forces who appear at the  last moment and claim their offspring will not be allowed lo do so in  future.  New Work For Women  "jc just to our own. ,. -  1 Speaking of closer cconomiciunty  Sot the Empire, Sir George said Englishmen who were still tree traders  /would"be jogged out of some of their  notions some of these days (laughter), and added: "I am not a free  krader, and speaking personally I  {don't hold out the least hope in the  Wide world that the Empire can to-  Iday come together on a basis of free  tftradc.  J "It is time for thc Empire to consolidate itself with reference" to trade,  |commerce. and production, and hammer out quickly its policy for the  .'future. -      _  ; "At the Allied Economic Confcr-  ience in Paris, at which I was a delegate, Britain, with all her power, did  'not speak for thc Empire���������could not  % speak' for it. How much stronger  j'thc Empire would be if it had its de-  f"fmcd policy to let thc Empire treat  'itself and its units a little more fav-  l-orably than countries that did not  j own "its flag and aiso to treat its al-  | lies on a more favorable basis than  'neutrals.  r     "After- all I've seen, I am absolute-  i ly astounded at the power of thc intelligent,        effectual        organization  which     supports,    our    battle    front-  Two   years   ago   none   of   it   existed.  ' Think.of 660,000 women on munitions  'alone.     If wc wish  we  can  organize  ' for peace and  progress  just  as  well  as for war and destruction."      (Loud  i cheers.)  Modern War Romantic  Who said that the war and the  twentieth century had killed romance? Here is a true story. A  wounded officer recognized in one_ of  the, voluntary nurses at his hospital  a voting lady to whom he was once  engaged. He was greatly embarrassed, as he was engaged to another  girl, who was also a nurse in the  same hospital. It so happened, however,  that lady  No. 2 had  fallen  in  [love .with. a doctor and he with her.  \ Somehow     things  were  straightened  >out, the officer renewed his old love,  and lady No. 2" was set free.    So all  ������������������nded  happily,  Building    Aeroplane    Engines    in   a  Factory in Scotland  An extremely interesting venture  is being launched in Scotland in thc  nature of a new profession for women. At av place on thc west cQast  of Scotland a factory is to be built  where wofk in the nature of the  building of aeroplane engine parts  will be undertaken, and when a sufficient, nucleus of skilled women is  formed the whole engine will be  built in the works. , Possibly after  the war engines for motors will' be  part- of the work. The venture owes  its origin to the fact that two of the  directors of a well-known controlled  establishment have been so impressed by the work done by educated women'that they arc prepared to sink  $200,000 in a concern, which will be  worked entirely by such women. Ordinary factory conditions will not  prevail.       The  work  will   be  be accepted.  Il is also piovided that the loss of  one foot or leg by invalided soldicis  who can wear or use an artificial  limb will not constitute unfitness for  home service in special work nor will  ihe loss of any toe or toes, except  the great-toe, prevent a  accepted.  This latter class will be used for  clerical positions or other suitable  duty. Likewise the loss of one or  two fingers, except thc thumb or  forefingcis, is not lo act as a barrier.  A man with a squint whose eye may  be brought up lo normal by the use  of glasses will be given -them  free.  The modification of the rules will  permit many of the ten or twelve  thousand men doing guard duty on  public works at home to go overseas. They would be replaced by  those with the disabilities above  mentioned.  investigation, with his recommendation, to thc officer commanding" the  military district in which the unit is  situated. Such application concerning members of the force in Canada,  which cannot be made to an officer  commanding a unit, should be made  to the officer commanding thc military, district concerned.. Orders have  been given that all such enquiries  must  be. given  prompt attention.  New Homestead Map  Issued   in   Separate   Sheets   Showing  Homestead Lands in Each.  Province  A  new    edition    of  Keeping the Boy on the Farm  A Motor Cycle Is a Great Help Towards Making a Boy Contented  The motor cycle is the cheapest  means for travel, with more real  pleasure and health giving values,  than any other, when ridden sanely.  It is a sure cure for the boy who  wants to go to the ciiy. The motor  cycle furnishes him the opportunity  for frequent visits there and his desire lo stav there dies as soon as he  -  _ -   - rim   in ,,,..,        ...... ,  two  shifts, night and day,  each shift ^ccs. ^hat tU������ Clt>- 1S not frcc ="o������eh  comprising two periods of four hours1'01  "ini  lie city  VVliat di  with breaks for rncals, rest and tech  nical instruction. Examinations will  be held after tlie first six months, and  on these examinations will depend  the money earned. It is probable  that thc lowest rate will be $5 a week  and thc highest $1,250 a year. The  building will comprise, besides the  main* workshop and. officcf mess-  rooms, recreation rooms, music  room, library and class rooms for  technical   instruction.    |  Just for Fun  He: How about getting married?  She: Getting married ��������� if it's "the  right girl���������should double the life of  your tires, and cut your gasoline bill  in   two.���������-Judge. . ,  Correct Adjective  Judge: You say that the defendant  used incendiary language? -  Witness: Yes, your honor, he said  he'd fire the complainant.  Just the Critter    ���������  *  "We want a mascot for our regiment."   .  "Take one of the dogs of war.'"  Wliat drives boys to the  city is the ever present chore time  after thc real day's \vork is done.  In town his day is over at six, with  everything near at hand to entertain  him for the balance of the evening.  On the farm there arc one or two  hours of choring after six. But what  do these bother when he has a motor  cycle? A little sprint to his neighbor's, or into town, will rrjake him  forget he has worked all day, and he  will' look forward to thc next day  with pleasure. He will forget thc  pool' room, card den or saloon. He  will spend thc money thus saved for  gasoline/and how much better off he  will be. When it comes to expense,  thc motor cycle has-a horse beaten  many times, for it costs: only when  it is being used. I know from experience, because once I owned a  good horse, but now have a three-  speed motor cycle^and I would not  trade it for the:best horse and buggy  1 ever saw. I ride it both winter and  summer.  a publication  man being'which should_ prove of interest to  every person following thc progress  of settlement throughout Western  Canada is now being issued by thc  Department of thc lnleiior at Ottawa. ;  The publication, which is known as  the Homestead Map, shows in a graphic way the land situation at the beginning of the present year, also thc  standing- of each quarter-section  throughout the three provinces, according to the records of the Department on 1st January, 1916. The  map has been issued in separate  sheets for each province, thc Saskatchewan and Alberta sheets now being ready for distribution, the additional map covering the province of  Manitoba to follow al an early date.  Nothing conveys quite so forcibly to  the eye the rapid manner in which  land available is. being taken up as  does -this interesting publication. In  addition to the information regarding  lands which ha>;e been homesteaded  or otherwise disposed of, the map  contains complete information with  respect to Indian reserves, timber  berths, grazing leases, post offices,  railways, etc., throughout the three  provinces.  A copy of the Saskatchewan or Alberta sheets may now- be obtained  upon application to the Railway  Lands Branch of thc Department of  the Interior, Ottawa.  Wants What He Wants  A clubman of London says: When  the Prince of Wales is going to do a  thing he simply will not be put off.  I was at the box office of a West End  (theatre one evening, when he and two  brother officers came along, and His  Royal Highness asked for three  stalls. He was not recognized, and  was told every stall was engaged.  "Front row of dress circle?" inquired the Prince. No, nothing was  available, cither. "Then can.I have  scats anywhere^" demanded thc  Prince. It was found there were  three available somewhere in- the  back of the house at four--shillings  each, and these the heir to the throne  purchased and  appeared glad to  get.  thc wind. How can he hope-to fis  cape the, whirlwind? He has been  deaf to the cry of the oppressed Belgians and Poles and Serbs. How  can he expect pity who has shown  none? The war"upon which he entered so lightly, convinced of the invincibility of the German military  machine and of thc industrial organization behind it, is no longer conducted as he wills. The Allies have  patiently labored for two years to  create a mightier war machine than  that of Germany. They have succeeded. They now have more men,  more guns, and more , ammunition  than the Germans, and their will to  win is not less strong. Thc war has  become a test of industrial strength,  and the factories of the Allied nations arc pioving themselves capable  of turning out a far greater number  of death-dealing missiles in a given  time than those of Germany.  Thc Kaiser, seeing inevitable defeat where,, until recently, he saw-  nothing but overwhelming victory,  begins lo make excuses, to declare  that Germany is the victim of a British plot and is--fighting'not lo conquer her neighbors' territory, but to  guard herscll against invasion and  dismemberment. Thc lie is unconvincing. Thc bold avowal of .Maximilian Harden, "we willed the war,"  better represents Germania's spirit.  Thc German War Lord went forth  lo conquer with Woild Power or  Downfall emblazoned on his banner.  Ha\ing failed to achieve world  power, docs thc Kaiser belie\e that  by whining and lying he can escape  down-fall?���������Toronto  Globe.  To Expose a Dead7Beat Will-Do Him  '        More Good Than Harm  There    are    dead-beats,    but    who"  made   them?    Nature  in   some  cases*  and thc   business   methods   of   business men in others.    When a man is,  found out to be wilfully dishonest by  a business man, every; other business  man    in  the .community    should-be  made  cognizant     of the  fact.    ,-If a  business man gets "stung" by. a dead-  beat, he shouldn't'be ashamed to tell  it/so as to save others, from,getting''  in   the   same   box.    To   lose sa  dead-7  beat from a list of customers is not  a  severe loss,  and the. business man  who  warns  others  of the dangers  is  a public  benefactor to   others  of his  kind.    To  expose a' dead-beat in the  start,     to  nip     his  dishonesty in thev-  b'ud,  will    do   him  more    good than  harm.    It might force him'to be honest when he was on the verge of be--_  coming dishonest, .and'a man,who-is",  honest     even   by  pressure ,-'is   better .  than a dishonest man.    The 'man who <  proves     himself     wilfully    dishonest  should  be  treated    by  everybody on,-  the "cash-in-advancc principle,'' and,as.  soon   as   he   learns   that  he   ca'n-.get*  nothing till the cash is on the counter,  he will soon  realize his position*  in the community.    It takes  courage  and backbone on the part of the business   man   to   s'ay  "no"   to  the  oily-  tongucd    dead-beat    with    the    earmarks  of honesty, but it will pay to  brace up.    The     credit     system is a  common   evil   to   business,  and  there  are people who would buy the moon'  if they could buy it on credit. Blacklisting   dead-beats   would   save -a   lot  of    trouble. ��������� From     the    Durham  Chronicle.  ^  ���������i-'--:s'tfg  *'������������������"- 42  -V ������f  V - "4  ���������Sli  1 (  "Telephones  are great timc-savcrs,  aren't they?"  .   "Well, that depends upon who calls  you up."   ;  Worthless  Saplcigh: I hope, Miss Ethel, I am  not taking up too much of your valuable time.  Miss Ethel: Oh, I assure you, Mr.  Saplcigh, that lhe time 1 spend with  you is of no value' whatever.  Strength of Birds  Birds can cat and digest from ten  to thirty times as much food  in proportion to their size as men  can. If a man could eat as much in  proportion lo his size as a sparrow-  is able to consume, he would need  a whole sheep for dinner, a couple  of dozen chickens for breakfast, and  six: turkeys for his evening meal. A  tree sparrow has been known to cat  700 grass seeds in a clay. Relative to  the bird's size, these seeds were as  big as an ordinary lunch basket  would be lo a  full-grown  man.  A bird's strength is equally amazing. A white-tailed eagle, weighing  twelve pounds, with a wing-spread  of 6 feet, has been known to pounce  on a pig weighing forty-two pounds,  raise it to a height of a hundred feet  and fly off with it. The bird had  covered a distance of half a mile before the pig's owner ' succeeded in  shooting the thief.  ���������     America's Valuable Waste  America  imports $2,000,000    worth  of waste rags annually just to make  .  writing  paper.   , About  1,400,000  tons  of flax  straw are -burned  or allowed  to   go   to   waste  in  the States   every  year, but    specialists    in the Depart-*-'  ment of Agriculture have shown that  it can be used for making paper and  fibre   board.     Already-, a   demand   for  $1,600,000    worth   -of    flak straw has  sprung up.    Once it was'clear waste.  Time was when yellow brass-turnings "  were  entirely  unsalable.       Now  they    J  average   12c  a   pound.      Old     tinfoil  brings 36c, and siphon tops are worth  24c a pound.    Bones'fetch $25 a ton  after   everybody's   picked  'cm.       Mr.  Arthur D. Little of thc United States  Chamber    of   Commerce    says:  "We  waste    150,000,000    tons    of    wood a  year, 1,000,000,000 'feet of natural gas  a dav,   1,000,000 tons of flax  straw a  year."     We   waste   13,000,000   feet   of  lumber   every   year  in   old   lead  pencils by-throwing away the stubs. Two  girls  earn   for    the   Government   100  times their'salaries by going through  thc waste-paper-baskets "in thc Treasury     Department     at      Washington.  Their prize find was a $10,000 United-  States  gold bond.  An International Incident  A friend just returned from Switzerland says that the atmosphere of  some towns there is thick with espionage. In one hotel a Frenchman  was seated at a table reading a letter. A German was looking over his  shoulder and reading it, too. . An  Englishman caught the inquisitive  Hun-in the act and gave him what is  called in popular language "a thick  fcvr." .  In  2915.  How  many  miles  will  it  go an hour?   . ',.,-���������  In  1916:   How  many  miles 'will  go  on  a  gallon  of irasolinc?  il  Australia's   Need   of Freight   Ships  The Australian Government's purchase of fifteen large steamships in  England to be operated by the Commonwealth in thc movement of Australian wheat to Europe, will not-go -  far towards solving the problem. The  steamers have a total cargo capacity  of 120,000 tons, but it. is doubtful if  they can make more than two trips  each to Europe before thc end of the  year, and .this will dispose of only 9,-.  000,000 bushels of the huge quantity  of the cereal that' is awaiting  shipment. Australia     has     almost  100,000,000 bushels of wheat1 stored  in sheds or beginning to sprout in  stacks where storage is unavailable  in country railway yards, and the  Commonwealth's next wheat harvest  is already in sight to further,complicate the problem. The Government's purchase of the steamers is  hailed by the Labor party with grat���������.  ideation, for the establishment of a  government-owned fleet has |long  been a plank in its platform.-  The Saving Habit  A saving account is a: saving: gra'c^  It makes for order, temperance, virtue, industry and growth. It ihowd  that we prefer independence to char-*  ily, and believe that he is helped best -  who helps himself.���������Buffalo New*. '  ���������f - ;���������  1 .���������J..?- Iff  ���������   *-  (1  THE      GAZETTE,      HEDLEY,  t&eCoatPsess  J "i     ���������    ;���������  f������ ***:*" ''iVa  ^S   - *  '.?>  V^jiJ".  A- >���������  I  ���������������. j ������... ���������'  I jl 1, ���������  UK-***  'i*-l  iVcM  *���������   f      **.r  '*;  ' ��������� C:  ,-'<* 4'm.".������..������J  :w.  ���������A'iu  -'���������i-:* ���������>*-'.  N"..C  si������ir.'f  ���������   ��������� ������������������    ���������':;  .' t'  .* ...1"     ^i    jj> j   .  .    -  ^        : .    ,v^'.  -ft*t  *.#'  j.v ���������.:?/*. v.������������.  ������/  ?i  ���������/"^������.a*_������j...**���������������.*���������,   ��������� .|-������i*-."^-.i*rij-v   ���������  f**Z|������*4������  4 -i  EFORE the end of the week  i September will be here, and  tho the days may be warm, the  minds of progressive women will be  thinking of the styles for fall. What  .will be the nature of the frocks for  this season? Is any one particular  color to be used? Will skirts be long  or short? What materials will be used? are all questions  -which puzzle the fair sex/ The offering'on the page today  will relieve the minds of many, so far as street dresses are  concerned. Silk and serge in combination answers the question about favored materials.  There is scarcely a season when blue is not in favor. The  model emphasizing the vogue of the cape collar is made of  blue serge and blue satin. A noteworthy feature of the frock  is its straight line from shoulder to hem. Other points which  stand out are the use of worsted embroidery and the close-fitting.collar.  The jacket effect which always stands in favor is cleverly introduced in the dark-green frock. The manner in which  the belt is concealed at the sides is a hint to be taken by the  woman whose figure will not admit of a defined waist line.  /  2ft  F*2,  ������S  ������a  #���������  * V  THE .  GAZETTE,     HEDLEY,      B.      C.  '        -     ' ' ���������* > Birr',  Story Told by  British Officer  Farming by the Ancients  Wounded  H  i  Lieutenant   Finds   Enemy  Dugout Furnished  Like  a  Regular Boudoir  \ A second lieutenant in a Yorkshire  battalion, with a shrapnel "wound Jn  his right thigh and a machine gun  wound in his left leg, tells a story of  a German dugout and its occupants.  The dugout was in the first line trenches taken by the officer's platoon,  and six bombs had been thrown down  it. The men then went forward to  .the next trench, and the officer being  hit twice, had to stay behind. The  ill rest of the story may be given in his  own words:  "After    a  bit  I  wriggled    back  to  that  Boche  front line into a shallow]  bap  that  had-been pulverized  by our  heavies. ~1 was resting there, when 1  saw   a   Boche   officer   come   climbing  cautiously up out of that big dugout  that we'd put six bombs in.    He was  a   captain.     He   had   a  bomb   in  one  hand and a  lifle  and bayonet in the  other;   and   he   was  peering  first  one  U way and  then  the  other,  like a.bur-  '] ������lai,  'Oh,    you   beauty!'     I   thought.  And just then he snuggled down ag  f&J ainst a gap in their parados, near ihe  "���������'r -dugout, and bedded his lifle comfort-  \ ably, for  firing  at   our  chaps   in Jiis  second line.    You can bet I was glad  .L had. my rifle and plenty of ammunition.  , So I got a beautiful bead on  '���������} this chap and a second later he was  Something    About    Agriculturists in  Other Ages and Climes;  Agriculture is the oldest - of arts"  and of sciences. The valleys of the  Nile and of the Euphrates furnish us  with our oldest records concerning  cultivation, but wherever . man has  lived tillage lias eventually developed.  When America was discovered, no  written records existed to'tell of the  "whether, whence or where?" In the  North native life was still in the hunter stage, but southward, in Mexico  and Peru,v a peculiar civilization had  developed. How long it had taken  to evolve the strangely socialistic  system of land ownership, or how to  develop the technical skill required  to construct their temples and other  public works, it is not known, but  certain it is that where our ancestors  Fires in the Home  A Few Suggestions as to Means for  _ Preventing Loss  A fire in  the home means  danger  to the family, and even if your home  The Horse as a Farm Motor  Will Never Be Entirely Replaced #y  Power Equipment  The horse as a motive power for  farm  work     will  never be     entirely  is fully insured there are always some'replaced    by    the    stationary engine  old  treasures    which    cannot be re- and tractor, or anywhere near.    The  placed.       No   man  wants  to  have a  fire  in   his  home,  and  yet "   through  horse will always be needed on every  farm;   "the extent    to which he will  in   Northern     Europe  lived  by  their i line, coal oil stoves and lamps, etc.  wits on the flesh of wild animals, and/    We are all careless with matches;  clothed  themselves   with   their  skins,  thc     manufacture    of    the  so-called  B  ���������I  wonder where  dead  Bodies  go! 'nomadic   "cultivation.       Wood     and  the Incas of Peru had established a  civilization which has no traces of  the influences of any Asiatic culture.  They were a people apart from all  the rest of the human race, and for  all thc influence which 'they exerted  might have dwelt on another planet.  We have reasons to believe that in  the development of agriculture Peru  followed the usual stages of that_ art  in other countries. The most primitive farm, which is still practiced in  the   tropics,  was   not   the  permanent  carelessness, often nothing less than be needed will depend largely upon  criminal, many of us are inviting a i the kind of farming that is prac-  fire every day.    Don't think you are ticed.  immune because you have been care-1 According to an estimate made by  less for a long time and have never.the United States Department of  had-a fire; many hundreds of homes , Agriculture, there are nearly 21,000,-  are  burned    in   Canada    every  year, 000 horses and 4,500,000 mules in the  " country. Many have predicted that  the coming of the. automobile and  the farm tractor would eventually  replace the use of horses.  While horse-drawn vehicles are  rapidly disappearing from the city  streets, horse-arawn implements and  vehicles arc not disappearing so fast  from the farm, nor. will they. -We  arc glad to sec them being replaced  by motors in the cities, for the motors can do the work easier and better. The country is the ideal place  for the horse.  But on millions of farms and in  millions of-homes the horse is'still  and your turn will    surely    come    u  you are  not careful. '  It is estimated that at least 75 per  cent, of all dwelling fires occur from  such common causes as matches,  overheated or defective stoves, pipes  and  chimneys,    ashes, rubbish, gaso-  parlor or "strike anywhere" match  should be prohibited by law; it is the  only poison allowed to enter our  homes without the '.'Danger" label.  .The 'only safe rule is to use safety  matches���������the kind that strike only  on the box.    If you insist on keeping  - The Most Dismal Swamp  Releasing   Thousands   From   Slavery  "   Through Abolishing Sale  of Liquor  The following extiacts are from an  editorial in the New York American:  There are on the earth many  dreadful   swamps   and   deserts   where  A Famous ";-)  Battleground.  Picardy is Scene of British Victorief-  I  of Agincourt and Crecy,        ,- "-���������  If historical associations inspire' to-  brave   deeds,   the   British   forces      in^, *'%;,-,������  their   offensive   against  the   Germans'    , "iCi?s  he who ventures upon them must die 'along the Somme River    should    be--'^  ���������**  if he    docs not    turn back    in  time, j'heartencd  to  extraordinary    acts    of    \   ��������� ~I<  There are in  the  ocean  great  whirl- ; valor,by the thought that    they    are i*s\\Z  pools that draw the small boats to  destruction.  But of all earth's swamps, deserts  and death places none can compare  in horror and misery with the whiskey swamp, that darkest morass cf  sorrow, hopelessness and despair.  Into that swamp millions have wandered and in it millions have died.  Thc dreadful feature of thc swamp  is this: those who ,wander in it, sinking deeper, are watched by others  who sympathize with them and are  powerless to save them. There is no  other shore to thc whiskey swamp.  The middle of that swamp is failure  and disgrace and the other side is  death.  It takes courage and will to turn  back.    And courage and will are the  ���������%  m  the  other  kind, at  least keep  them'with.   The horse is stilL-one    of the  to  be  counted    upon  and    reckoned .parts  that  whiskey  attacks  first  and  away  from  tlie  children;  in   1913 no  less than 47 children    were    burned  to    death      through      playing    with  matches."  Matches are, not the worst'offend'  occupation of the land,'but .a sort of ers.      The-most common    cause    of  dwelling fires  is, defective and  over  I'I -,charged~my'-breech  again,   and  no  sooner     done   than  my    next   target  HH "bobs, up���������a;lieutenant.      I  got    him  Bj -while he  was looking at his-captain.  ''J  aimed  for  his'shouldcrblades,,.but  .'���������the old-gun  kicked  a  bit and   1  got  jV-uJiini   through   the  head.       Seemed   I  ������f, might   as   well   be   in  a   grouse  butt,  i'<" *;and-nothing less than officers" for tar-  ||-.gets, mind you.   Well, to cut it short,  |K?������-twp  more lieutenants  came up "from  jf. thai same dugout, making in all three  |?rjieulenants and one captain, and I got  "   'era all.  I "And then a private came up, with  j', .never a- weapon of any sort in his  if Jiands, and the" fear of God 'in his  Ji.*,white, face." 'You're a Boche,' I  f}'thought; '.'probably a_ batman, and  ���������^. you.ought.to be shot; but you've got  |,V nothing in your silly hands.' It was  $," -too ' much /like a sitting bird, ,you  rai .know. Couldn't manage ^it. ".'Here!,'  f<fi-I- shouted at him. He'fell just the  ������1 "iamc as- if I'd shot him...- I "managed  !|y to-clamber back lev that trench and  ^ poke th'e Boche .with the butt end.of  IV my rifle till he found himself a little  J>* ��������� and s"lood up.. I meant to "see that  H*o "blessed dugout, for, myself." I had tov  iH' get^the . Boche's help, but couldn't  v-V think how to tell -him in German  &��������������� what I wanted. /Look here, Boshy,'  At'," L"said, 'Ich wille seen dieser bloom-  ff'~ ing^dugout.- Got that?'- _ Then-I said  i?/ 'Donner-wctter?' -and grinned at him  '������*. to show there was no ill feeling," and  . lie managed'to-make connection.  . ?"I kept him in front, you may be  if~~ sure';' but.-Jf; I'd --been an old-^blind  jfe-b'eggar'r h"e'*''wmirdn't"-' have'-?h;fd* '"pluck  ���������^enough "to   empty  my  tin* can.    The  f  I  -dugout -was-a  bit  knocked about by  ,    our six bombs; had a_soft of rough-  i^k house look about it. But at the back  ]k -.-of the. lowest corner there'was a  shaip twist round to the light, and a  w. <loor with broken glass panels, taken  r from a farmhouse, by the look of it.  $ - "Through that we went along a  f','- passage, turned "to the left,;' down  w four * steps, and into a regular  "boudoir. Dugout! Why, there was  Turkey carpet on the floor and beautiful tapestry curtains to the bunks.  Never sa'w anything like it. But the  luxury of it. There were three cases  of beer; very good stuff,"too. I had  a bottle myself right away. There  were about a hundred eggs; two  ���������cut hams, pate de foie gras, in little  jars, ' sausages, several -boxes of  _cigars, one case of champagne, a  gramophonc-and lashins of cakes and  -chocolate. There was an electric bell  -fixed, a small typewriter, and in one  of the bunks I found a lot of ribboi.s  .and things from ladies' dresses and  a pair of lady's gloves.- It was a  regular show, that place. I.took a  ���������dispatch case, and all the loose papers on the table, and got the bat-  -man to help me back again to daylight. There wasn't 'a living soul to  be found in the trench; so I got the  batman to take me pick-a-back, and  carry the dispatch case, while I stuck  lo mv rifle.  " 'Now, then, Gustavc W.ilhclm Al-  brecht von Boche,' I said to him, 'we  " will ausgang as schnell as we can  -for our own lines, compree?' He  was a little slow in the uptake, as  you might say, but tumbled to it after a bit, especially when I donner-  wettcred him  a bit."  Best Telephone Voices  "The best speakers on the telephone arc actresses;- and .the worst  .are military officers and policemen,"  said a telephone operator who deals  with   thousands  of  calls  every   week.  "Soldiers who arc accustomed to  giving orders, and policemen, too,  develop a way of clipping their  words. They also have a lot of  'blind spots' on their voices. That  is, they let the intonation drop every  now and then, so that you have to  seize at fragments of words.  "Actresses have rich, musical  voices, no matter how low pitched  they may sound on, the wire. This,  with a trained enunciation, makes  them ideal telephone speakers. It  is quite true, says the London Daily  Mail, that Americans are easier to  understand than English people because most of them talk slowly with  a certain 'sing-song' in their voices."  I brush were cut away and burnt, and  c'orn^ planted, with scarcely any  breaking up of'the'soil. "'Tillage, was  the next stage. In order'to use land  for more than one ,season,it was",������ne-  cessary that it should be'cultivated.  This made for more settled habits of  life.  The'third stage was 'when tillage  agriculture was improved by the application of fertilizing agencies. Irrigation also was" resorted to, many  ancient peoples showing remarkable  engineering < skill in the solution of  their aquatic problems.  One remarkable fact in connection  with agriculture in Ancient Persia is  that in the valleys, where that industry was chiefly centred, most of the  agricultural land is not natural soil,  but has been assembled and put in  place  artificially.  The most characteristic feature of  a Peruvian farm was its terraces, and  were for the purpose of preventing  the rain from washing away thc soil  to the lower levels.  To us this construction of artificial land in the warm valleys seems  almost incredible..- Even irrigation is  now looked upon as a highly specialized branch of the art. We look to  our western irrigation section with  pride, and marvel at "the .simple apparatus necessary for a market garden system.of artificial watering. But  our undertakings sink into insignifi-  cance'in the face of this vanquished  southern race. ' * . - " -  The narrow floors and steep' walls  ���������which would appear-"utterly"worthless to our engineers were transformed into fertile lands, and weie the  homes of teeming populations in prehistoric days. That the work was  done jsvell there can be little doubt,  for even today, after the lapse of  centuries, the lands are cultivated  and   support  a  modern  population.  The labor spent in the construction of these terraces shows how important they were considered to be.  We learn from the early Spanish historians that the Incas had special  gardens for thc raising of potatoes  for the royal household. There .vas  a general belief that the growth of  crops and the fecundity of thc soil  was dependent upon the welfare of  the royal family. Thus the Inca was  cared for and every precaution taken  to guard his royal person, no matter  whether he was loved or hated by his  subjects.  A Valuable Discovery  The report that a German scientist  has discovered a method of making  paper out of cotton plant stocks is  dividing interest with the war news.  If confirmed, the discovery will rank  as one of thc most important of modern times. The increasing use of  paper and the steady growth in size  of newspapers has created a demand  greater than the paper-makers can  supply and is threatening early exhaustion of the pulp lands of the  world. Although the paper mills of  the United States and Canada in the  five months ending with May produced the enormdus total of 800,000  tons, exceeding by 13 per cent, the  production of 1915 for the same period.  heated stoves, pipes 'and chimneys.  The amount of carelessness in this  respect is, simply appalling,' which is  all the more surprising in view of the  fact that'most of our homes are like  tinder boxes. Chimneys should be  built from the ground or the foundation \of the building^ and , not on  wooden brackets. "The walls should^  be eight inches thick, unless the"  chimney is lined vwith terra_cotta or  chimney tile.- Stove pipes,should not  pass through attics or, ,other conceal-'  ed places, but should" enter the chimney below the ceiling where they will  be in plain view and defects can be  easily seen.  Stove and furnace pipes should not  be placed within 12 inches of wood-"  work, unless the -woodwork is properly protected by tin. or asbestos.  Pipes passing through floors or partitions should be protected by metal  farmer's best friends.  " The-motor truck, the stationary  gas engine, and the tractor each  have their own particular place upon  the farm, and their increased use  is, by all means, to be encouraged.  But no farmer can do without horses  altogether. The idealnpower equipment,for the farm consists of'engines, either stationary, portable or  traction, to do the heavy drudgery  of farm work and horses to do the  lighter tasks that require greater  flexibility.  The engine is the horse's best  friend "because it relieves him of  much of the hard work on the farm,  Particularly is this true of the 'tractor.  Hog Raising in -  Western Canada  No Country in the World Offers Better Opportunities Thant-  the-West  ������   With  the  hog market  at  Calgary.  , -.       ���������!_,,=   vi "firm   at   $11   per   hundred   and   over,  or   other   non-cumbustible   thimbles.    which    ig  considerably    higher  lhan  Chimneys    should    also  be  swept thc ruling prices at Chicago> the at_  every year. Stove and furnace pipes  should be taken down and thoroughly cleaned, every year and examined,  for rust holes. Look over the heat-v  ing apparatus every fall before the  fires are started and see that everything is safe; see that the pipes are  well supported ?nd fitted, that they  enter the chimney properly and are'  not too close to the woodwork or  other combustible material.  , Be careful with, gasoline; buy. it  only in smallxquantities and keep it  outside."  Ashes, sjhould be placed in co"ve,r.ed  metal"cansY or if placed outside they  should be immediately wet down to  prevent "sparks  from blowing about.  Do not allow rubbish to accumulate in dark corners and keep the  basement clean".  After painting or oiling floors the  oily rags should be immediately destroyed; a rag soaked in linseed or  other vegetable oils, if rolled up  tightly or covered with other material to confine the Jieat, will ignite  spontaneously in a few hours.  Be careful with coal oil lamps; see  that, they are clean and well filled  and that the wicks fit right. Never  use coal oil or gasoline to light the  fire in the stove, many deaths are  caused in this way.  Never attempt to thaw frozen water pipes with flame such as burning  paper, candles,'etc.; use a cloth soaked in  hot  water.  It is well to have something  handy to extinguish a fire in its in-  cipiency; a 2 1-2-gallon chemical extinguisher is about the best for that  purpose. Some fires can be smothered with a coat or something of that  nature.  To be turned out of your home half  clad on a cold winter night is unpleasant, to say the. least, and a few  simple precautions will greatly lessen  the danger.  Who Was It?  The kindergarten had been studying .the wind all week���������its power, effects, etc.���������until the subject had been  pretty well exhausted. To stimulate  interest the kindergartener, said, in  her most enthusiastic manner: "Children, as I came to school today in  the trolley car the door opened and  something came softly in and 'kissed  me on the cheek. What do you think  it was?  And the children joyfully answered, "The conductor!" ��������� Harper's  Magazine.  The Kaiser's Sorrow  The Kaiser is sorrowing because  his life, divinely consecrated to leadership by the inscrutable Almighty,  must be conserved for the welfare of  Germany, and it is therefore impossible for him to fight in the trenches.  In times past, kings and emperors  who laid claim to thc same Heavenly  partnership made it their excuse for  appearing in the very vortex of  battle. In-the future, as in the past,  the welfare of Germany evidently is  going to be intimately associated, in  Wilhclm's mind with the comfort and  safety of the Hohcnzollern family.���������  New York" World.  Had Never Seen Cream  The times through which we are  passing have caused many a man to  change his views, admits the Cincinnati Enquirer. They had this effect  on an East Side milkman who decid-  to  become honest.  On the third morning he was taken  aback, when he called for the payment of his weekly bill and a custo-  Scotsmen Are French Citizens  Every Scotsman in France is a  French citizen, with all the rights and  privileges of such, if he chooses to  claim them. In other words, every  Scotsman born in Scotland is also a  Frenchman, and is thus possessed of  two nationalities.  Rheims has been very prominent  during the present war, and it was  there, after his coronation in 1429,  that Charles VII. promulgated a decree that, in return for the assistance rendered by the Scottish soldiers to Joan of Arc, who defeated  thc English and. made his coronation  possible, Scotsmen were for all time  to 'be considered free citizens of  France.  Now the whirligig of time has once  more brought the Scots to the neighborhood of Rheims to assist their  fellow-French citizens, not against  the English, but, in conjunction with  them, against the would be destroyers of civilization.  tcntion of farmers who make a specialty of hog 'raising is naturally  turned to Western Canada. No  country in the world offers greater  inducements to the settler who wishes to turn his farm products into cash  by the pork route than does Western  Canada, and farmers who are now  raising hogs on the more expensive  lands of the East' and South would  do well to give consideration to the  somewhat,, striking .facts 'outlined  hereunder.  It is the natural Jdesire of every  farmer who --does������not "-already own  his land to become an owner, and  many who are already ^owners wish  to increase their holdings. ' How  many hogs must a man raise on his  expensive United States land to secure enough to buy another acre, and  how many must he raise in Western  Ca'nada for the same purpose? Figure it. out this way:���������  '���������' A farmer in the Middle West  raises_ a 200-lb hog, which, owing to  the high price of land, heavy taxes,  and the liability to disease, costs him  say, $12 to raise. He sells it at 8c  .a pound, amounting to $16 for the  hog, which gives him a profit of $4.  If,he is operating on land worth $100  an acre, he will therefore have to  raise,25 hogs to clear enough money  to buy an acre of land. The farmer  in Western Canada can raise a hog  of the same weight for about $8 on  account of the small investment in  land, combined with the big production per acre, the low taxes, and the  freedom from disease. Suppose he  sells this hog for the same price as  his American competitor, $16 (as a  matter of fact, the Canadian price is  ruling higher), he clears $8 on the  hog, and with three such hogs he  clears enough money to buy an acre  of land at $24, which for fertility is  not only equal but superior to the  land his competitor in the United  States is working at $100 per acre.  Taking this case as typical, it boils  itself down to this, that the farmer  on $100 per acre land must raise 25  hogs in order to have enough profit  to buy another acre of land, whereas the farmer in Western Canada can  buy another acre on the profits from  three hogs.  These  facts  are  submitted  for  the  destroys. "This will not hurt you,"  says whiskey, and lights ^the light of  hope a little farther on in the swamp  and the victim flounders on farther  and deeper. "You're a man of strong  will," says Whiskey, "and can control  yourself and stop when you please."  "I know I can," says the whiskey  drinker and drinks again and the mud  of the swamp rises a little higher  upon  him. s-  What the individual cannot' do for  himself, the government of thc nation can do for all. No millions of,  dollars would be required, no patient  work for years, simply the expression of the national conscience in a  national way forbidding the sale of  alcoholic poisons that cause drunkenness and death. .  , To put an end to the sale of alcoholic poisons will mean that hundreds of thousands will be freed from  bitter slavery. Millions of children  and their mothers will be made happier. Waste'd lives will be made productive. The number of prison cells  inhabited will be reduced-by half and  crime and its stench and horror will  be cut in two.  Wholesale poisoning for profits  under government license with government tax will hot disgrace the  countiy for ever. The swamp will  disappear, from our civilization "and  the,unhappy millions that dwell in it  will be set free.���������H. Arnott; M.B.,  M.C.P.S.  h.  rV  '.*''  the'   principal-"'/r'-- V*$  ���������"- r| 1  M4  -'&  Dry Farming; Methods  Americans    Given Credit    for Introducing New System of Farming in West -  The enormous assistance rendered  this country by the introduction of  dry farming methods bys,settlers from  across the line is the theme of an interesting article which appears- in  the Boston Transcript of Monday,  Aug. 7, from the pen of F." Maclure  Sclanders, Secretary of the Saskatoon  Board  of Trade.  "Immigrants to Saskatchewan from  the dry wheat area of thc United  States taught thc real settlers there  how to grow grain successfully and  so brought millions in wealth to that  far away section of the Dominion of  Canada. So writes F. Maclure Sclanders, Commissioner of the Board of  Trade of Saskatoon, Sask., to thc  Transcript.  "We have to thank the Americans  for the discovery of this wonderful  district which our own government  had previously condemned as unsuitable for agricultural purposes. The  whole trouble ~was that our peoplq  did not know how to handle the land  successfully on the precipitation  available, and this the men from the  Dakotas and Minnesota taught them.  Our average^, precipitation is about  17 inches���������enough for all purposes,  if  intelligently  handled.  "However,, our immigrants originally came largely from Eastern Canada, where the precipitation is very  heavy, and, of course, eastern methods of tillage were hopeless here.  Nevertheless, such eastern methods  were all they knew. And it is so today; we are simply working along,  slowly, yet satisfactorily, in an effort    to    find out just how to work  fighting in Picardy, says a war geo- '-.'  graphy bulletin of the National Geo- - ,  graphic Society. .      ,_   ' .  This   ancient    province   of' France,"  -  now divided into four departments������������������ * -.  the   Somme,   Oisc,   Pas-de-Calais   and' ~:  Aisne���������has ~ two   battlefields     whose  very    names    quickened the pulse of" ���������';  Englishmen, for it was at Crecy that  the  Black Prince won his spurs,,and    '  Agincourt  that  Henry V:,  command- "  ing his yeomen with  their cloth-yard  bows, ulleiiy overthrew thc flower of  French chivaliy. .     *  Picardy is a treasured name in romantic literature and in French history. It had a literature of its own -  in the twelfth century and its soldiers, were among the most valiant  in France, being known as the Gascons of the North.  The piovince was a natural battleground for the French and English  duiing the Hundred Years' War, tor  its shores extend along the North Sea  and'the English Channel, from, the., ���������  River Aa, above Calais, to a point  below Dieppe. Fifteen, miles north  of Abbeville, one , of  cities   of  Picardy,'is   Crecy,   , ,where,^ -i'-}'f^rs  until'late  in  the "nineteenth-century,    ^  there-   still  stood    the old * windmill.",'.  from, which   Edward III. of  England '-j\  in 1346 watched his beloved son, the ' -  first   Prince   of  Wales,', at   that ������,time  only ,16" years   of  age,   triumph   over    ;  Philip   of  Valois.     On 'this   occasion .  the English    were' .outnumbered four"  to'one/  "and  they  wrought    terrible - '-  havoc   among  the   enemy,-the1 lossesj   *  of the vanquished being variously es-v"iv  timated,at from 10,000 to 30,000. One   '  of those who fell in this fight was the ^  chivalrous   John,    King   of Bohemia, -  who,   , although    blind,    led a heroic  charge   for -his   French   ally.    , Some   _  historians tiace the Prince of Wales'  ,  cre'st   of   three   ostrich   feathers -and  the   motto   "Ich   dien"   (I   serve), ^o  this   battle,   the  Black  Prince ^adopt-'  ing them    from,   the    fallen" John    in"    ,  memory of the event. , t  Less    than 20  miles" -northeast  of '���������  Crecy is Agincourt,    where'. English-^'  archers,   nearly  70  years   later,^ after  letting fly their clouds of arrows--ag- .:  ainst- the heavily armored nobles, at-"',  tacked    them with    hatchets  asitliey  floundered helplessly    in mud. - Five -  thousand  Frenchmen   of  noble  birth,  including  their' commander,   d'Albret,  constable of France, fell in,this battle,  while the  estimate    of '" English '���������  losses was astonishingly   low, , some ';'  chroniclers"  giving * pnly  13   men., at '  arms  aud  100 foot  soldiers. ' "���������   "   .  Several towns of Picardy^Amiens,'  Soissons,    and  Beauvais���������owe    their,  names,_to the ancient tribes which inhabited   this   section,   known-'as_ Bel-  gica   Secunda, . when   cthe.   Romans  maintained    armed " camps' along'-the  valley  of the  Somme.'      In  the third  century   Christianity   was  introduced, '  and St.  Quentin, from whom  the im- .  portant   town   20   miles   east   of   Pe-  ronne gets its name, was martyred at  that time.  Picardy was the heart of Merovingian France in the fifth century, for  Clovis named Soissons as his capital,  .while Charlemagne designated Noyon  as his principal city, and the lesser  Carohngians in turn similarly honored Laon.  By the treaty of Arras in 1435 the  royal towns of .the Somme Valley  were ceded to Burgandy, but ^2  years later, after the death of Charles  the Bold, Louis XL regained them.  During its'' brief eras of peace' the  province thrived as a centre of the  weaving industry, Flemish immigrants   having introduced the  art.  *  ���������-���������> Pi  -    iv ���������*&.  1- ^.  XRf.  -."'���������-3-  -    j 'Xtf  v--7 fc." 'ti������  ^fl  Royalty and the War  King   of  Italy  as' a,. Private   Soldiei-  ,,*  Seeks the Danger Points    '  Some   monarchs   in   this   war have-  already earned immortal fame.    King  Albert  of Belgium    is - never    many   ^  yards away from the trenches.    King  Peter led the retreat from Serbia in  an ox wagon and offered to die with  his  men.      When    defeat seemed to  overwhelm   the   Russians,     the   Czar  stepped   forward    with   his   message,  very  rapidly.    The  impossibilities   of  .consideration of hog raisers, and they (yesterday have become the common  ll^J^Li??^^^.^??^,-8?.-1"- "I will  lead."    He has scaicely been  inside his palace in the south since  then. Thc King of Montenegro lived and ate and slept as a common  soldier, while thc Huns compelled  him to  seek exile.    King George, by  we may make our country do for us  more nearly what it very well might.  As a result, our horticultural and agricultural repertoires are expanding  The  impossibilities  A Home-made Water Heater  If' your house is so situated that  the water you >can use for household  use is not under pressure, you can  still have a liberal supply of ; hot  water. If your kitchen stove- or  range has a water back, connect this  by means of the top and bottom  pipes leading therefrom with a  hardwood barrel. This arrangement  will supply you with hot water, limited only by the .capacity of the bar  mer began to shriek at him.  "You    needn't serve    me any Ion-I rel and the willingness of someone to  ger,"   she  said,  "and   I'm  not  going'keep the barrel'supplied .with water;  to pay you for the last two days."  "Why, what's the trouble?" he inquired  anxiously.  "Trouble, indeed! When the milk  you've been leaving yesterday and  the day before stood a couple of  hours there was a nasty thick scum  on it."  And it took him half an hour to  explain what cream was.  The bottom of the barrel should  be nearly as high as the lower pipe  trom the water-back. A tap or faucet may be placed at the bottom of  the barrel, through which the hot  water may be drawn jaff. If- yon  haye a spring that you. can pipe to  the barrel, you will have a continuous supply-of- hot water furnished  automatically.  can lead to only this conclusion, that [place  facts  of today.    And,  we have  the farmer who    makes hog raising ...  the important part of his farm operations is not giving himself a fair  chance if he persists in using high-  priced land when he might be reaping greater results from thc moderate priced land of Western Canada.  "Do you take any periodicals?"  asked the minister on his first round  on parish visit.  ��������� "Well, I don't," replied the woman,  "but my husband takes 'em frequent.  I do wish you'd try to get him ,'.o  sign the pledge."���������New  York Sun.  Britain Building 440 Merchantmen  Lloyds shipping register shows  that there were 440 merchant vessels of' a tonnage of-1,500,000 gross,  under construction , in the United  Kingdom at  the. end  of June.    .  still a long way to go to achieve the  limit of our possibilities. . . . Last  year Saskatchewan's field crops alone  amounted to a total conservative valuation of about $225,000,000. This,  among about 650,000 people, means  a somewhat cheering per capita allowance. Another phenomenal crop  this season would render us exceedingly comfortable. And remember,  there is not yet as much land under  cultivation in Saskatchewan as thc  Government -has laid aside for road  allowances."���������Saskatoon   Star.  German Admiral: Kiss me, Kaiser;  I have made the Lion run!  Kaiser: Splendid.  German    Admiral ���������   (panting  hard):    Yes���������and    he    c-c-c-couldn't  catch me.���������London Evening News  Fred:  I've been  awful sick.  What  was the mat-  Little  Little Harry  ter? ��������� . ^      ��������� ���������_���������.  . Little    Fred:  I  had    brain  fever���������,'the war, will be captured  right    in    ��������� - '- ���������-'   ------- ���������       -- ....  Canadian Trade with Russia  Steps arc being taken to give effect  to the plans agreed on by the Allies  at the recent trade conference.  C. F. Just, Canadian Government  commercial agent in Pctrograd, reports that steps arc being'taken to  organize a. combined leather selling  agency for Russia, which will deal'  only in leathers produced in the  Y,?IZ. i countries allied with Russia in the  present war.  Plans  are being    formed for business after the war, and it is     hoped  that    a-   substantial portion    of    the  leather trade, which    was  controlled  iby    German     manufacturers     before  his tireless devotion to duty, his frequent visits to the front, arid the  noble example that he has set the  whole world in self-denial, has en-:  dcarcd himself to everyone, from his  Ministers to the humble poor of thc  land.  And what shall be said of the King  of Italy?    Here" is thc latest description of his loyalty to the great cause,  of Liberty:  "He is one of the most unassuming of monarchs and one of the, bravest. Sometimes, when the 'fire is  thickest, thc soldier in the trenches,���������  or behind some rock breastwork  splintering under the shell, will, see  an officer, not of his own regiment,  beside him, an officer without orders  or badges, dressed in the same plain  grey uniform as himself. It is the  King who has a habit of finding out:  the worst danger points and going  to  them,  unattended and alone.'  my head,  too���������the    worst  place anyone could have it.  Lady:    And you say  educated man?  Wearied Will:    Yes,    mum, I'm  roads scholar.  Mrs. Noovo-Recsh: W'e went to  the matinee.at that new theatre that's  just, been opened the other day.  .:Hcr Companion: Indeed! And what  do you think of its acoustic properties? -  Mrs. Novo-Rccsh: -Well, you know,  I thought they were a trifle gaudy  myself.���������Sketch.  The agency will  have its branches  in   four   or  five   leading   centres      of All He  Can Attend To  I consumption    in Russia.    It is desii-      Uncle: And what does your youuft  you  are :n'cd to add some of thc leading Can-  man do for a living.  ladian    leather    manufacturers  to the!    Niece:   Why,   uncle,   you  can't   ex-  a | list  of firms    supporting  the  selling ipect Jack to do anything for a Iivintf-  i agency. I while we're engaged.  \#  JUssH  '"       <.h  kM&H-  ���������jSi, '' *'   t'-,  THE      GAZETTE.      HEDLEY,      B.      C.  gull   u  oom  Nineteen  BY  FLORENCE WARDEN  WARD, LOCK &CO., LIMITED  London, Melbour&c, aid Toronto  %s  (Continued)  Scarcely had she picked up these  pieces of paper and put them carefully into her bag, when a sound behind her made her look round; and  there, peering fearfully at her over  the wooden foot of the bedstead,  were a pair of round, dark eyes,  black-fringed, soft, most beautiful ���������  the eyes of the small boy.  "Papa!" croaked the child in a  quavery voice.  That word, that cry, coming suddenly upon her iii all her knowledge  of the fearful accident which had  come to the man with1 thc fair beard,  brought the tears lo Mabin's eyes  and  choked her.  "Papa!" cried he again, much  louder, and with a note of alarm in  his  pretty voice.  Mabin rose to her feet,- thc child  watching her with increasing distress.  " 'ere Papa?" demanded he peremptorily.  Her pity, her anxiety on account  of father and son alike gave a tone  of deepest tenderness to Mabin's  voice as she answered the boy, approaching the bed as she did so, and  holding out a  caressing hand.  "Oh, we'll find him presently, never  fear!"   she     cried     encouragingly,   as  she  went  close   to  him,  put her arm  round  him and gave him a kiss.  He   did  not  exactly  resent  the   at-  ��������� tention, but he was not grateful. /He  stared   at   her,   and   it   seemed   as   if  yholhcr moment would see him puck-  . cring up his lip for a good cry.  She was thankful to find that he  .was apparently English, though she  seemed to detect traces of a foreign  accent in his speech, and of a certain indistinctness which seemed to  her  traceable to  thc same cause.  To avert the calamity of a flood  of tears, which would make him  wholly unintelligible, Mabin seized  upon the Teddy bear as a diversion.  "'Why, look," cried she, seizing the  bear and pointing-to his stolid, bead-  .ikc  eye's,  "he's going to  cry.!"  Arrested on the threshold of his  own outburst, the boy turned his  \ycs upon the bear, and, poking a  -*oft finger, .into its face, said with  conviction���������  "No, he i'n't; Teddy don't never  c'y!"  - 'Here was an opening for a moral  lesson. Mabin sealed herself on thc  edge of the bed, put one arm round  thc'boy and, looking gravely at the  bear, remarked���������  "That's because lie's good. I. wish  all little boys were as good as he  is!"  This seemed a novel and worthy  idea.-The boy pondered it.  "I i'n't naughty now!" he remarked  with a certain emphasis indicative of  a guilty conscience. "Dibs dood  now."  "Oh, ves," assented Mabin quickly.  "Quite  good."  He stared at her thoughtfully, and  then inquired���������  "Is oo  a'ways dood?"  "Well,   I   always   try   to   be,"   said  she modestly.  This, however, did not satisfy him.  "Big peopoo i'n't a'ways dood," he  remarked  darkly.  "Well, your papa is always good,  isn't he?" said Mabin, bringing him  back to.that subject which, although  a painful one, had to be investigated.  -He nodded with decision.  *    " 'Es,'Papa a'ways twite dood. Why  didn't he come wivvoo?"    -  ���������This was a question hard to answer.  "He'll come presently," said she.  "Tell me, where was he going to  take you?"  The boy scrambled close to her as  she sat on the edge of the bed, and  clashed into minute but scarcely intelligible confidences. All she could  gather, listen attentively as she  would," was that Papa and,Dibs were  going to a great big house, oh! as  big as ever so big, where there were  wabbits and horses and peacocks and  pigeons, and- apples gwowing on thc  twees, apples to eat, and 3rittoo twees  wiv fonts on zem, and yitloo haiwy  balls dood to cat, which seemed to  Mabin lo be a roundabout description of gooseberry bushes, as given  to one who had never seen such  things.  "And who is 1 lint lives in the great  big house with the rabbits and peacocks and all those nice things,  Dibs?" she asked1; as he climbed of  his own accord on to her knees and  began to play with the big flat buttons on  her coat.  "My g'anpa yives in zc big house,"  he explained readily. "And Papa  says he'll give Dibs a pony to yidc  on, an'���������an'"���������his memory failed him  for a moment, but presently he finished up triumphantly���������"and a big clog  wiv curly hair yikc Dibs's."  "How lovely!" said Mabin, making  up her mind, even .as she listened to  thc boyish prattle, to help the poor  child to find this kindly home which  had   been   promised   him.  For she began to perceive the outline of an intelligible story, and settled in her mind that the' fair-bearded  man, having- been away from England for years, was returning with  his little son to the home of his father - when he was attacked and  struck down. '.."',  "Do you know the name of the  great big house where Grandpapa  lives?" she asked.  Dibs did/not like to admit that he  was ignorant on"this important point.  He nodded vaguely, and said-���������  '"Es; a g-'cat-big-house, ever so  big. It hasn't dot a name," he added, to cover up the deficiencies of  his own knowledge.  "Is it far away from here?" asked  Mabin. ���������  "No," said he, "Papa and Dibs  docs in zc tyain zat does ever so  quick."  "And what is Dibs' other name?"  asked  she.  "My   name   is   Zooyus   Moore."  "Zooyus Moore?" repeated she, incredulously.  "Zere's inorc'n zat in my name, but  Papa says zat's enough," observed  Dibs. "And he calls me Dibs. I  yikc to be called Dibs!"  "All right, Dibs. And what is  your Papa called? I mean, what do  other people call him?" asked  she.  "Zcy gen'wy calls him 'sir' " replied  Dibs  ingeniously.  "Yes;   but  that's   not  his  name!"  "No,"   said   thc   boy.  And then he stopped, aware that he  was unequal to coping with this new  difficulty. r  "His name is Moore, l.oo?" she  suggested.  He answered so uncertainly that  she saw he was puzzled.  "Ye���������es," he said. Then, after a  pause, he added: "Zat's not all of his  name.    Zat's onlv a    yickoo    bit    of  "Can't you remember the rest ?"_  But Zooyus Moore was growing  restless under an examination in  which he fell that he was at a disadvantage.  "Papa will tell you zc west," he  said confidently. Then, delighted lo  be able to turn the tables upon her,  he demanded: "What's your name?"  "Mabin   West," she said.  He  laughed.  "Alabin West? Zat's a vewy funny  name!" he said. He stared al her,  and then said���������  "I sought you was ze auntie Papa  said 1 should see when I got to  G'anpa's  big house!"  "What was her name?" asked Mabin eagerly.  He  was   puzzled   again.  "It was Auntie," he replied, after  a  thoughtful pause.  She did not know what to say or  what to do. Perhaps the best thing  to begin with would be a close interrogation of the manager of the  hotel. But it was coining more and  more plain lo Mabin that the fair-  bearded stranger had come straight  off a ship, that he had clashed into a  hotel and left his boy there while he  kept an appointment, and thai it was  at thc office where she had met him  that she must look for further information.  In thc meantime, she could not  leave the child alone at the hotel,  especially after the broken entreaties  of his father that she would take care  of his treasure. She felt -as if she  had been made the recipient of a  solemn charge. On thc whole, she  decided, even while thc boy, putting  one arm'round her neck affectionately, entertained her with some childish prattle about the "wabbits" he  was to1 have to keep at "G'anpa's,"  that the.best thing she could do was  to take thc boy home to her mother,  leaving a nole with the manager to  be given lo the boy's father if he  should   come  back  there.  This course she followed. Thc  boy insisted upon accompanying her  downstairs when she went to ask for  a pen and paper. She wrote a little  note, without any heading, saying  that she was going to take the boy  home to her mother for the present,  and giving her address. This note  she gave to the manager, who, as  she had expected, had no idea who  thc stranger was who had brought  thc boy to the hotel and left him  there that morning.  He was quite willing that the boy  should go away with Mabin, having  been informed by thc boy's father  that his sister would come and fetch  thc child, and being too glad to be  rid of an embarrassing charge, to  make any inquiry into Mabin's credentials.  (To" Be  Continued.)  The Bertillon System  Tested by Bankers  American Financial Institutions Take  Thumb Prints  of Depositors  Bankers in Pittsburg, especially  those who cater largely to foreigners,  are watching with much interest an  experiment being carried on by certain Eastern bankers to facilitate the  banks' dealings with foreign depositors. This experiment is the installation of a system of thumb-print  taking which has its basis in thc  well-known theory of thai section of  the Bertillon system. In one bank  alone, in Philadelphia, there are 1,200  depositors whose thumb prints arc  registered in the bank and who can  draw funds from their deposits simply by permitting the'bank officials  lo compare thc whorls on their  thumbs with thc prints taken and  preserved when their accounts were  opened. lt is claimed thai, under  this system, it is absolutely impossible for a person to secure from a  bank money which docs not rightfully  belong lo  him.  Thc system was o'riginally instituted as an aid to foreigners and for  those who cannot write. Al one  time it was the custom in most banks  to refuse deposits unless the would-  be depositor could sign his - name.  Through thc Philadelphia innovation  such a person can go to a bank and  open an account by merely pressing  thc fingers of his right hand lightly  on a glass plate covered with specially prepared ink. The impression is  transferred to a card and is filed. Two  impressions are made, one filed under the name of the depositor and  thc other under the scientific description of the markings. Thc latter  method is used, principally as a safeguard for foreign women, who oft-  times open an account in their maiden names and later attempt to  withdraw money by giving marriage  names, this usually causing much confusion if the woman speaks bul broken English.  Thc thumb prints are also used in  thc case of an aged person whose  signature is "shaky" and with those  whose writing is hard to decipher. It-  is also coming into wide use with  children,, because of thc fact that  children's handwriting changes- with  maturity, while the thumb markings  never do.  Study of Geology  Requirements   of  Boy   Scout's   Pros  pector's Proficiency Badge Have  Been  Revised  A Gift To The Empire  Western Wheat Fields Do Their Bit  in the Struggle for Liberty  That the province of Saskatchewan  q'uircments-   for    the    Boy jis bearing its full burden of rcspon  Prospector's      Proficiency  sibihty in  the  Empire s  fight agains  The re  Scout's .frospector's jfrolicicncy  Badge have been revised to suit  Canadian conditions. The changes  have been worked out by Mr. R. A.  A. Johnston and Dr. E. M. Kindle,  of the Geological Survey of Canada.  These men went , about thc work  carefully and thoughtfully-- and the.  new rule requirements arc bound to  meet with the approval of Scoutmaster and Scout alike. The tesLs  arc made interesting in that, they provide for a careful study of the principal elements of geology. Most of  the clauses have been changed" and  a number of additions have been  made. First of aH, the new rules demand that1'the Scout must show'that  he has a general acquaintance with {their acreage under ^ g  thc origin of rocks. He is also asked to identify 7 out of 12 common  minerals submitted and give their  uses. One of thc clauses of the old  rules read: "He must have a general knowledge of the various periods  of the formation of thc earth's crust,  and which arc water-bearing rocks.  He must understand stratification,  dip  and faults."  -This is changed to: "He must show! _ . ,    . -  that he  has  a  general knowledge  of, relief   of   suffering   during   the war.  t  Hun tyranny has been rendcixd very  evident many times since the outbreak of the war. *  The prairie province has proven  that it possesses more than soil  fertility for the recruiting officers  haye reaped a rich harvest from the  farms and towns. "Nearly every man  that could.be spared has donned the  King's  uniform.  Still there arc many who, through  force of circumstances, were not able  to enlist, but who nevertheless realized their responsibilities. They  could not fight themselves, but they  would feed the fighters, so they bent  their     energies   -towards     increasing  Then  came thc reports of thousands of  Belgians on the verge' of starvation  through the brutality of thc Germans, and the great scheme was  launched.  The patriotic acre fund was initiated last fall al the annual convention of the Saskatchewan Grain  Growers' Association. Farmers were  asked to pledge thc proceeds of one  iicre as a gift lo  thc 'Empire for the  Will Honor First  Farmer In Canada  Actors Best Officers  Boy Scouts Tent  Is Doing a Great Service for the Men  at the Front  Most encouraging and cheering  news of the Canadian Boy Scouts'  Tent at thc front is contained in a  recent report to Mr. Gerald H.  Brown, Honorary Dominion Secretary, by Capt. A. H. McGrccr, who  is in charge of thc Canadian tent.  "The tent continues to be a popular  resort for our men," he writes.' This  report is supplementary lo a more  detailed account of the work, which  twas recently furnished Sir Robert  Baden-Powell and forwarded for  publication in Canada. In his report  Capt.   McGrccr    particularly    empha  They Impress Soldiers With Personality, Says Drill Sergeant  Actors make the best army officers  according to a British drill sergeant,  who has had experience in an officer's   training  corps.  Thc drill sergeant, quoted in the  London Daily Mail, made thc 'statement positivelv.  "First of all," he said, "they know  how to give thc word of command, a  very important consideration. They  are never shy or self-conscious, and  they impress the men with their personality. Give me an educated actor  and I will promise you a good officer.  "Schoolmasters make the best  non-commissioned     officers. Busi  ness men 1 have found rather difficult. They are intelligent enough,  bul they are not what you may call  adaptable."  A staff officer, speaking on flic  same subject, said:  "Professions calling for the exercise of imagination and 'observation, generally speaking, provide first  class officers. Two officers on trench  service constantly       distinguished  j themselves by keen observations.  They were invariably the first lo notice any change in the enemy's dispositions and both were Fleet street  journalists.  "Natural resources rather than  trained intelligence counts on active  service and, while this quality may  be possessed by men in all professions, it is more often found among  journalists, barristers and, of-course,  engineers, whom 1 place in a class  apart."  the principal rock structure���������strali.fi  cation; dip, including synclines and  anticlines; dike; stock and laccolith."  Then he is asked lo name three out  of five common rocks submitted and  give their uses, if any. Another paragraph in the new rules provides that  a Scout must give a short account of  the geological formation of his������ow;n  district. Or, he must collect from  his own district, if fossils occur in  it, fossils representing not less than  four of the following groups' or  classes: corals, graptolites, crinoids,  brachiopods, pclecypods, gasleropods  and  cephalopods.  Resourceful Canada  Quick Return  to  Normal  Conditions  After the War, Is Predicted  Just previous to thc war in which  it was a factor, Canada was suffering  from reaction following western land  speculation and over-expansion in  cosily directions. The times were  hard, many were unemployed.    But if  The   response   was   generous   for'   6,  740 acres of grain was promised.  It was then realized that,the best  thing that could be done 'would be  to sell .the wheat, as it was of many  grades, and use the tolal proceeds towards purchasing No. 1 , northern  wheat in order that the flour might  be of uniform grade. This course  was followed, and 80,000 bushels, of  thc best Canadian wheal was purchased and manufactured into 3,200,-  000 pounds of the best-flour obtainable. This huge shipment left Moose  Jaw,   Sask.,  on August  9th.  This flour, was shipped in 40,000  bags, each containing" 80 pounds and  inscribed with the emblem of the association and the words: "Saskatchewan Flour milled from No. 1 northern  wheat, grown and donated to the  Empire by thc Saskatchewan 'Grain  Growers' Association, Regina, Sask.,  Canada." Each of the forty cars  was decorated with a banner on each  side bearing the emblem of the association and the inscription: "This  trainload of flour is 'a gift to the Em  City - of Quebec    Will Erect    Monument to Louis Herbert, Who  Arrived in  1617  The first farmer settler in Canada  who-lived on,thc produce of the soil  was Louis Herbert, an apothecary  from Paris, who landed in Quebec in -  1617 with his wife and children, and  at once started to clear and cultivate  the soil on what is now the site of  the'Cathedral of Quebec, of the Seminary and of this part of the Upper  Town extending from' St. Famille  street lo thc Hotel Dicu. At that  time that part of the city was called  "Hebert's Farm." With a spade as  his only tool, he worked and reworked the soil until it was ready to receive seed. He threw in the seed  from France; planted apple and rose  trees, and, at last, saw undulating in  the breeze, the golden ears, the flow-'  crs and fruits from his' motherland.  The third centenary of the landing  of Louis Pfcbert is 1917, and- a citizens' committee has been ,/ormcd to  erect a monument to the first farmer  of the colony.  A Remarkable Cruise  anything   were   needed   to   prove  the  pirc  liy   lhe   Grain   Growers,  of   Sas-  country's inherent strength, the war  has served thc purpose. Canada has  furnished an army of 350,000 men, a  considerable drain on the efficient  element of a population small as related lo the size of jLlic territory, and  has in general contributed generously for thc defense of the British Empire. Bul instead of expriencing further depression on the war's account  Canada is returning lo prosperity;  its banks have more, money  than bc-  katchewan."  The association is preparing a'motion picture film covering the whole  operation of the production of the  wheal, thc milling and thc transportation of thc flour. It will include  such scenes as the breaking of the  soil, various tillage operations, cleaning and picking.of thc seed, the seeding and the harvesting, threshing,  marketing of thc grain in-'open boxes  at the elevators, analysis' of thc kcr-  The Curse of Germany  The Emperor deceives his people.  No "enemy Government," no neutral  country, no man of sanity desires  thc destruction of Germany, but of  that brutal^ conscienceless, wicked  spirit of militarism represented by  thc Kaiser and the Crown Prince and  their bloodthirsty advisers. The  curse of Germany and of the world is  thc Hohcnzollern rule. If thc lime  ever   conies   when   il   can   be   broken  tives     to   the     Governor-General     or  some  member of  the  Government.  fore the great conflict began; its ck-|relj the milling the loading of the  ports have vastlv increased, not aloncl^'3,1"' shipment by boat on .the Great  thc exports of munitions. [Lakes,   terminal   operations   in   Mon-  .. r   ~ ,. .       Itreal,   and,   if  possible,   the  prescnta-  A   survey     of   Canadian   conditions , tkm   b     U]e  ass>3ciali011's   rcprescnta-  afler two years of war, made at Mon- - ~  Ireal for thc New York publication,  Financial America, cites various interesting and satisfying facts. Prefacing with thc statement that thc  economic effects of the two years are  strikingly visible and form a wonderful testimony to thc resourcefulness  and enterprise of the country, the recital says that by virtue of its geographical position and the intimate  and friendly relations which have .co  long existed between the Dominion  and the United States, Canada has  be.en able lo enlist thc financial support of the greatest neutral country  to an extent infinitely greater in proportion to relative needs, than any  oilier belligerent. While the combined obligations of the Government of  Great Britain and France have been  with difficulty disposed of in thc" United Slates to yield six per cent., those  of Canada and of its provinces and  cities have been readily taken at five  per  cent.  The review estimates that from thc  beginning of thc war and to tho aid  of  June,  and   excluding inconscqucn-  lial  loans    floated  in   Great    Britain,   15005' s'hirls;   *Si������      t'h  the  Dominion  Government,  its  prov- 14 branch  inccs    and  municipalities,    haye   oor"'formc{]  Red Cross Reports  Prairie Provinces Have Been Accomplishing Good  Work During  the Past Year  Thc Canadian West, in spile of its  scattered> population and consequent  difficulty��������� in cei iralization and coordination of work, has shown great  vigor in its Red Cros's activities. Thc  total cash receipts of the Alberta So-  cictv in the last financial year were  $46,103. Of this, 7,000 was spent for  the endowment of hospital beds;  $6,677 for medical and surgical supplies, and $4,477 for motor ambulances. In additipn, a generous contribution was mado to the Ogden  Home for convalescent soldiers. The  total number of articles handled by  the supply department was 332,320,  of which the moot important items  arc 64,000 bandages, 77,000 handkerchiefs,   and   nearly   12,000   socks   and  e  first  of  the  es   have   been  The   last  financial     report     of thc  Manitoba  branch  shows  56 branches,  ���������  -      ,i ,   -       ��������� -  ,       ,-  ,     . Germanv   will   enter  upon  a   splendid  S,IzeST,U,:Cc-_grCal   service   rendered   by   fuUu.c    of pcacc    aml ,pi.ospcri,ty and  the rest of the civilized world will be  the Boy Scouts of Canada in making-  it possible for the soldiers to enjoy  somc rccrcatjon during their "off"  hours.  The report reads in part as follows: "The tent continues to be a  popular resort for our men. There  arc a great many letters written in il  daily; many magazines and papers  are read, and the dry canteen is generously patronized. Our institutional  uul  entertainment  work has  expand  at rest.    Speed ihe day!���������Philadelphia  Inquirer.  Australian Sheep Dogs  In no place in thc world arc sheep  and cattle dogs more in use than in  Australia. The grazing estates arc  so enormous that it would be impossible to handle thc great flocks without   dogs,   says   Our   Dumb   Animals.  rowed    about  $404,000,000,    of which  $222,000,000 is  believed to have been  provided by  United   Stales  investors, , , r     . . ,    , .    -    ,  the remainder coining from within;? "'Tiber of which have been large-  the Dominion. Thc bountiful crops 1-^ :idd������cl ,to s,n?,e l.hc flrsl ������L���������C  of last year assisted Canada substan-;>'f>u'- r r������,tfll1 c2"tr0lb"tlons wcre $ll������>-  tiallv. Thc scarcity of agricultural n.6'.of wl , ?73>8o������ was sent to Do-  labo'r due lo the withdrawal of so j>nimon headquarters in Toronto, lhe  many men for the army was relieved I l������lal . shipments from .the Winnipeg  bv help from our states. Thc con. |shipping station in. the first three  elusion of thc summary of conditions i nl������nllls of >ls existence amounted lo  is   that  "both   in   respect  of   financial  6/8 cases, of-a value of $19,/72.     ihis  Whales; Block    Landing    in    Pacifift'  ' Ocean <"  Thc   little, 23-ton   yacht   Mana   has-'  arrived     safely'in  an--English   pert-  after a voyage-of 100,000 miles. ��������� Belonging    to -Mr.  and   . Mrs.  Scorcsby -  Routledgc,    the    vessel    left England,  more than two years ago on a scientific mission lo Eastern Island-in the  South   Pacific. -    -.'  The last stage of the little vessel's  voyage    was    from    San ( Francisco,,  which she left five months ago. There"  were eleven persons on board.      -   '.  "After leaving San  Francisco,"  Mr.-,  Routledgc  said,-"wc. came , down  thje '  Mexican   coast.    Two   hundred-- miles-  from land we came'upon three islands"-  marked as uninhabited and 'I decided  to  land  to   try  and  get  some  meat. '  But  our 'landing  was' dclaycd"as  the  mouth  of  lhe  cove  was  occupied, by  two  whales,    who were    feeding and  who   refused   lo   move   until   the   fol-   '  lowing  day.  " '  On    landing    we ' found    a    rough  shanty, together with a derelict boat   '  and alongside a  rough cross evident--  ly  marking  a  grave.     In  a   rifl  in   a  cliff we found a sort of cave strewn   .  with   old  bottles  and   odds  and   ends',  of a  camp.     Nearby  was  a  piece  of '  wood bearing the name "Annie  Lar-  sen,"   which   1   learne'd   from   a -���������shipwrecked sailor who] was on the yacht,;,  was the name of a vessel engaged in',  blockade     running   ��������� or   , contraband..  There  is   no   doubt   that  "the., remote-  island had been the dumping  ground  for Mexican  revolutionists.  "There   were  so  many  turtles   that  .we got lircd'of feeding on them. 7 It -  was   curious   to   see  ihese     creatures   .  being regarded by thc birds as a kind  of   floating   island   and   to   see ��������� gulls  preening    themselves    on-thc turtles'/  backs. '  "Thc Mana visited one small island  in the Gulf of Panama where elephantiasis was rampant among the  people. The currents in this region  were very difficult and there was one  sailing ship that had been drifting in  circles for 13 months and had been  unable to get out. The Panama  canal was closed to traffic but the.  American government allowed the  Mana, as the vessel of a scientific  expedition, lo go through.  "Some 50 miles from Jamaica we  saw what appeared to be" at first a  burning ship, and afterwards looked  like smoke from a naval action. We  found it to be a submarine volcano  blowing off. The sea flow had been  broken and we saw seas breaking in "���������  places where the chart showed no  land. Under thc circumstances no investigation  was  possible."  i  1  > i  ability and industrial capacity Canada has been able to perform her  lasks in thc great struggle much  more easily and with less disturbance than any other of the belligerent countries, and there is corresponding reason lo expect that her return lo normal conditions after the  war will be similarly easy."���������Buffalo  Courier.  cd r-onsiderablv during the last thr<*e I The Australian pastoralist could not  months. The'Boy Scouts of Canada I possibly c-xi^t without his clogs, and  have done a great service for the that is the i cason that sheep-dog  men at thc front, and have rendered trials arc looked upon as something  valuable assistance in keeping up thc ; amounting lo national competition,  morale   of  our   troops,   by  making it ! Every town has its agricultural show  possible for them to enjoy,' during  their rest hours, such recreation as  the tent and its sur.oundings provide. In'addition to this thc men  derive considerable benefit from the  profits made from our work, as our  policy is to spend every cent of profit for thc men in tlie field. Wc extend our very hearty thanks to thc  Boy Scouts of Canada for their splendid gift.  and at' all of these sheep-dog trials  are one of the most deserved attractions, and the training that thc Australian sheep-dog gets is nothing  short of miraculous.  England Must Feed Herself  New Slogan to Bring Great Agricultural Revival  One of the  effects  of the war  will  be seen in a great revival of agricul  will furnish an estimate of thc annual  turnover.  In Saskatchewan 37 new branches  have been formed since January. The  last annual statement of receipts  shows contributions of $50,006, of  which $33,800 was placed lo thc  credit of the general account of flic  Red Cross Society. The provincial  branch supports 47 beds in Cliveden  Hospital and 112 in the Saskatchewan base hospital. Shipments totalled over 210,000 items.  English  Airman Races with Swallow  A thrilling race between an  officer  of   the   British   Flying   Corps   in   an  aeroplane  and a  swallow  caused  him  _ He: How did you come out financially with your entertainment for  the   Old   Ladies'   Home?  She: The old ladies owe us-$50.  Wayward Son: But, dad, you  should make allowance for thc follies of youth.  Father: Huh! If it wasn't ftfr tlie  allowance you get there'd be less  folly.  W.     N.      U.  Mrs. Yeast: Dear, you were talking in  your sleep last night.  Mr. Yeast: Well, I've got to talk  sometime/haven't I?  1122  Binks:   Was   thc   loss   on   Brown's  dwelling   total?  Jinks: Yes; thc neighbors saved six  {umbrellas,-.but recognized them all.  Sappleigh: Am I walking loo fast  for you   Miss  Ethel?  Miss Bright: Oh, no; you may run  if you like.  turaMifc in^Eiig]and_and thc^ United |to doubt whether their reputed flight  of 200 miles an hour was correct.  "I was up in the air one day last  week when" I observed a swallow flying high in front of me," he said. "I  resolved to test its speed. I went  out full after it, and the swallow also  put on full speed. The bird dived;  so did I. It went up, and I followed.  We were at it hammer and tongs for  a. quarter of an hour, diving, rising,  ind  racing  and  I   gained   on   it   foot  Kingdom. Thc outbreak of the con  flict caught the British Isles dependent on foreign commerce for four-  fifths of their food supply, barring  meat, of which between 60 and 80 per  cent,  is  produced  at  home.  The motto of a few years agj,  "Back to the land," thus has given  way to the slogan, "England must  feed herself." Lord Selborne, the'  leader   of   the   crusade,   declares   that  the  attainment   of   this  object  is   the ,by'foot.    Finally one of the wires on  country's    sacred    duty, and  lie  em-|iny   machine   struck   the   bird   and   it  phasizes thc point that the farmer w-cnt down  can do as much for. the country as, selfish thus  the   soldier  in   the   trenches. for sport-"  I   was   sorry  and  to  take  the bird's  felt  life  Choking   Off  a  Pro-German  Seriously as every American must  resent the conduct of the British Government in seizing 1,000 sacks of American mail on " thc Scandinavian*  American liner Frederick VIII.,  bound, from New York to Copenhagen, one cannot resist feeling grateful to the English for subjecting  Hans Lagcrlof, a hyphenate with an  American passport, to severe inconvenience and taking from him his  $10,000 in gold. During thc^ entire  voyage from" New York to Kirkwall  this man had been rabidly assailing  the Government whose passport he  carried and President Wilson! His  pro-German views were ultra in the  extreme. His money will be handed  lo him when he again reaches .Kirkwall, returning to thc country for  which  he  has so little  respect.  "Johnny Bull," I thank you! If no  means exists over here to slop the  seditious chatter of such ungrateful  chaps as Lagcrlof, your assistance is  very   welcome.  Tighten lhe blockade as much as  you please on that species of cattle!  ������������������Julian Chambers, in- Brooklyn  Eagle.  '  The Judge's Evidence  "How do you know this handker*  chief was yours?" demanded the justice. . -  "You can sec it is of a peculiar  make, your worship," replied the witness; "that is  the way  I  know it."  "Arc you aware, sir," shouted the  justice, drawing a similar one from  his pocket, "that there are others  like it?"  "Indeed   I   am,"   replied   the   questioned   one,   still   more   placidly.      -"I,  had two stolen!"  Mother: They are going to have ai\  orchestra play the "Meditation from  'Thais'" at Harold's wedding. Won't  that  be beautiful?  Father: Huh, it seems to me that  then the, time for meditation will bf  past.  ^infl J  .. I  .<?:���������  I ' ''"-V-"-, vv'V  THE     GAZETTE..     HEDLEY.      B.  \.  Constipation  Vanishesforever  Prompt Relief���������Permanent Cure *  CARTER'S LITTLE  LI VER PILLS never  fail. .'Purtiy.veget  ���������ble-^���������actWely  tut gently oo  the liver, i*"'  i   Stop after  dinner  distress���������,  cure indi  -gesiion���������improve  the complexion���������brighten  the eyes. Small Pill, Small Dose, Small Price.  Genuine must bear Signature  Extermination  j       Of Armenians  I ������������������ \-   '-  ;Vhs  Massacre    of Innocents ~ Under  --?-\Turk������������sSei;man "Auspices  AtytJic.-ibcgUjnfng/bg-JlPlSUhc Oito-  Jman -A!rmehiaiis''-ivt>i,hb'ered'vmore than  |2,000,000. By the end of the year,  rjlwo-lhirds of their number had���������,either  Bioeen massacred in their > Jiative  jWowns and villages or "deported" to  I'ilcstinatious^which-more-lthan hal| of  phcnv^cv.e'r^ cached.^/" This������ gigantic  >:rime-JsSva's n'o^spcfoCa'ncoijs-'- outburst  )f faiialnci>mt or j>f-race'.-Hatred:      It-  Why Allies are  Invincible  Moral,  ������was ,a flcliBcratc* attempt,  Etrom Constantinople ,-'and  |3.with|-;tlie  help  of Gcr&'an  officers,  '$  m  organized  executed  to.;  in;  .���������,-a"  Rnh'blfch. &''TJic  .o^.^j....    involved" the-" "removal'.'  of  fjthe Armenian  population  that  scpai-  Juted-^tjjj^JEm-lts.-r.iii -jhe ^.hjsarfc.pf.. the.  Anatolian'peiVfnsiTla^f rolii -"'trle'-other  ^Turkish-speaking,    populations.  .   in  norlli������;cs(fcrru    Persia Vandj.h Russian  ;KCaucjtsta4'   Ifjie   (^-i^jna'l  'iPah-Tui-au-'  tt'ian id'eaS  il- believed.? toVhave  been  iGcriyantwritte'r, ?gr.  Ifecheine    :-Wl ��������� -r- -  ||veminciit 'Franco-Jewish ' Orientalist,  ���������yM.'-Lcon 'Calmri,''whose" record of-the  ,j_jaimsvand . exploits of J,enghiz Khan  [|JnrccL'tha:;simaginatiori, 0& Young .Turk--  pish 'fanatics like Dr. Nazim and  ?iothers. Its practical application^has  lftresul������edrinJ"1flic7, massacre of hundreds  iifof thqu������an_,ds of innocent people un-  SfSder Turco-Gcrman auspices. " In his  KJanalysis ; of ' "Tuidjish characteristics  RIM. Cahuh*^placed foremost ���������'. that of  K? blind obedience to orders.-'When the  ;Turk1i-isVfol!r?f&','behav6-himself* he  Pkobeys; when he is told to .torture and  li.'massacre,'he tortures and., massacres.  KThe"sufieringis. of the Armenians, un-  |Ljparalleled in modern-'hislory, should  i^'sferve'to explode the fiction of "the  ifgentlc Turk," and~lo' 'enhance our  K gratification at .the avenging advance  ���������li of our- Russian, allies in the Armenia  JS������S highlands:���������Londpn ;,Timcs.  A Notable' Encounter       -  -  The Earl, of Derby states that "for  ft: concentrated fury nothing in thc \frar  'exceeded, the fight    our'.troops  had  with    the   'Brandenburgers'' " on    the  -.' Somme  front."    The fact  seems     to  bear out the prediction of some military observers that the last period cf  the  conflict, will   be  marked    by  the  'litost-'vifcious fighting on record.   Thc  enemy  is   beginning  to  recognize,   it  wouTd"seem, "that  his "back  is  to  the  wall.���������-Montreal Gazette.> "       .   ,  :  :/v_Bacon: Distinct?traces of light have  fte'en'detected'in 'the ocean at depths  of.ivi0r(c.Jthan 3,000. feet by _an' Eng:  lisii \j5cs4uograpiiicaU1 expedition'.  Elgbert. Some careless rfiermaid's  gone,.to. bed and ..forgot- to, turn ."out  the Tga's'pVobabiv: ���������-' Yon-kefs Statcs-  'WnV< .-��������� ?���������������������������:-������'��������������������������� t   '  "So old Williams is'looking' for a  divorce from his young wife? On  .what  grounds?"  "On the -grounds of economy, I  guess."      ',,-,,'     -  Knitting Together of the  Alliance Against German  Militarism  It is, in fact,' the knitting together  of the moral alliance against German militarism which is the great  feature of. the close of the second  'year of the war. The resources and  the men were always there, to mak*  headway against the German armies,  but they could have been got together  and utilized ��������� only by ,nations having  a great issue and a great moral unity.  And these Germany, as-if'led by an  evil genius} has, herself furnished to  her ' enemies. Against another." they  might have, bceir-divided. With another, they'might have made a separate peace. But when they were  clearly shown what they had to' fight,  they 'were thrpwn back upon" those  springs of moral action, and those  ficroisiiis", of soul which your mi-  terial-miiided militarist can neither  understand nor conquer. This is'what  really makes the Allies invincible.  They have now wrested the initiative  from the German strategists. Their  military prospects seem of the fairest", as they now close in upon the  German forces from all sides. But  as to this, we make no predictions.  All that wc would point out is that  an invisible ally has all along fought  against Germany} and still pi-esses  her back. This is the adverse rniorai  judgment of impartial men. ���������7 New  York  Evening Post. -���������>'���������  Facts, For Health Seekers  :'.:���������;"��������� _:������v"v To Ponder Over  . Nearly-every disease can be'-traccd  io clogged or inactive-stomachs, livers or intestines.. Indigestion.^ bili-  ousncss,fiheacIaclicE������ and insomnia all  emanate'fiom'this' cause.' Keep these  organs~i*i working order and, you'll  have continuous good health:1 No  case was .ev.er -treated."wjth Dr. Hamilton's Pills and-not cured; their record- is one of marvellous success.'  Dr. Hamilton's .Pills'-"are very mild,  yet lhey.cleansc_l.the'bowels promptly  and . establish'. ' healthy' regularity.  You'll cat plenty, digest well)- sleep  soundly,'feel like new after using Dr.  Hamilton's Pills���������one a .dose���������25c a  box everywhere. Be" sure you gel  the genuine Dr. Hamilton's Pills, in  a yellow box always.-  Women   Carry   Mail   Bags   in .Berlin  The German 'capital 'now has over  one "thousand ,female mail carriers  <and-morc than a hundred "of the wagons'and .automobiles of the post office arc'diiven by women.  " The 'number of female employees  of .the., street railways has increased  to"'more than " 4,000. About^ three  hundred women have-- taken1 the  places of thc motornien called to, thc  front, and the remaining 3,700 arc  acting as conductors, slailcrs, inspectors aiid clerks., They perform their  work in a satisfactory manner, and  the public likes thc polite and patient "lady conductors" very much.  - >*  Relief for the Depressed.���������Physical and mental depression usually  have theii origin in a disordered  state of the stomach and liver, as  when these organs arc deranged in  their action lhe whole system is affected. Try Parmclee's Vegetable  Pills. They revive thc digestive processes, act beneficially on thc nerves  and rcstoic thc spirits as no other  pills will. They arc cheap, simple  and sure, and the effects arc lasting.  Labor Exchanges  Movement     Started     to     Establish  Branches in Western Provinces  A movement was started in Winnipeg this week which, if it matciial-  izes, is expected lo be of great assistance in regulating the labor market in Western Canada.^ As set forth,  in a resolution adopted at a meeting  held at thc Industrial bureau, thc objects of the proposed organization  are, briefly, to secure legislation in  thc three prairie provinces that will  make it an offence to charge a fee  for giving, or securing employment  or for introducing "anyone for thc  purpose ol securing work; and tb establish in Winnipeg, Brandon, Moose  Jaw, Saskatoon, Calgary, Edmonton  and Lethbridge fully equipped labor  exchanges, each province Scaling thc,  expense of" maintaining its own exchange, and that the city -council,  Grain Growers' Association, and  Trades and Labor Council in each  city be inviled - to appoint two of  their number 10 form a^ local advisory  committee.  It is also proposed thai one ccn:  tral office be maintained at Winnipeg,  Rogina and Edmonton, avhich shall be  responsible for all exchanges, and  that thc I superintendence v shall be  under a clomniission of'six members,  one' appointed by each of thc three  governments and one by thc Trades  and Labor Councils of each provihec,  such commission to have full power  to appoint all officers of the local  and central  exchanges. ������ q,���������  Thc gentlemen present at the  meeting were: Thomas Molloy, of  the department of labor, Saskatchewan; Aid. H. J. Baillic, Saskatoon;,.  R. J. Daley, assistant publicity commissioner, Alberta; Commissioner W.  F. Heal. Moosoniin; Frank Kerr,  chief relief officer, Winnipeg; Louis  Kon, Manitoba immigration commissioner; "A. Macuamara, labor department,-Manitoba; R. A. Rigg, M.P.P.;  A. W. Puttee and J. H. T. Falk.  The labor organizations will take  the pioposal up in .the three provinces, and a general meeting will  probably be called some time duijng  the coming winter, when full consideration will be given the question by  government and labor representatives  of other bodies. ��������� Winnipeg Free  Press. ' ���������    .s-    ,  Conquers Asthma. To be relieved  from thc terrible suffocating .due to  asthma is a great thing, but lo be  safe-guarded for, the future is even  greater. Not only does Dr. J. D.  Kcllogg's Asthma Remedy bring  prompt relief, bul it introduces a new-  era of life for the afflicted. Systematic inhaling of smoke or fumes from  lhe remedy prevents re-attacks and  often  effects  a permanent  cure.   ;  Women and the Farm  IN BED MOST OF TIME  An-Absurdity in Uniform  k Some of our men engaged -about  ContaImaison__ have' an absurdostoiy  of a German "officer who came out to  surrender as If on parade, with gloves  and cane, and very spick and span���������  whereas, to do them justice, the German prisoners - generally looked deplorable. A^ 'he advanced, his first  remark was to "demand a certificate  as to his gallantry'and honor., Our  men. were- so enraged that they incontinently "fell upon him and took  his gloves and cane and cut all the  buttons and badges off his coat. It  is thc one solitary instance which I,  have heard where Tommy has had  any idea except to feed his prisoners and make"-" pets of them." We  liavc"proof& every da'y, however, of  the unpopularity of many of the German officers with their men, who express themselves with some consid  eiable freedom when they arc pris  oncis.���������London Times.  Her Health Restored by Lydia  E..Pinkhara,s Vegetable"-.  Compound.  ;������������������ Indianapolis, Indiana. ��������� "My health  was so" poor and my constitution so run  ,-rt down that I could  -not work. . I was  thjn, pale and weak,  weighed but 109  Bounds and was in  bed most of the  time. I began taking Lydia E. Pink-  ham's Vegetable  Compound and.five  months later I  weighed 133 pounds.  Minard's  Liniment Cures  Distemper.  The Curse of Germany  The Emperor deceives his people.  No.-"enemy, .Government," no neutral  country, no man of sanity desires the  destruction of Germany, but of'that  brutal, conscienceless, wicked spirit  of" militarism'-represented by thc Kaiser and. the Crown Prince and their  bloodthirsty, advisers.' Thc curse of  Germany and of the world is thc'Ho-  lienzbllcrn rule. If the time ever  comes \vhcn" it can be broken Gcr-  rhany. will "enter upon a splendid future of peace and prosperity and the  rest of the civilized world will be at  rest. Speed the day!���������Philadelphia  Inquirer.  across    the fields  cow for  the  first;  Robbie, walking  with father, saw- a  time.  "What is'that,-.father  "That is a cow," was  "And what arc those  head?".  "Horns,"   replied   his  The two  walked on.  cow  mooed.   Robbie, was   surprised!  ���������"tYVhic'li, ho.rtr';dtd*7s;hc,^ilow', father?  """ "   es. '  '" he asked,  the response,  things- on her  father."  Prescntlv  thc  I do all the house  wbrki and washing- for eleven arid I can  truthfully say Lydia E. Pinkham 's Vegetable Compound has been a godsend  to me for I would have been in my grave  todaybut for it.   I.would tell all wo-    men sufferingaa Iwas to try yourvalu- kc 'asked.'���������NcW'^6i'^;Tini  able remedy."���������Mrs. Wm. Green,.-.3327'*��������� ../.���������;������,;_:-../^i,-.>;">������������������_-���������^7  S. Addison Street, Indianapolis, Indiapa.  ,   p^Vy,  ' There is hardly a neighborhoodI in this; arrival 70.11  ..... ,~���������..   -..,...& ������������������.,..  .���������  country, wherein".some w;onian has.Tiofc  thc^.top-of the 'building and failed to  rctvirii,- thcvfo'rcman'lshoUtcd up:  ���������"Come   oh,   Paclfly,;",:Wliat's  keeping  yc?"7. '        '���������-..'.���������'������������������ >:- "i'-^-j?-'-  "!Sure," cried   Paddy,   "I   can't  find  iuy way'down."   '������������������ ...  "Well, come down:.the!way ye-.went  up,"..shouted the'.foreman,  "Faith,' an'   I   won't,"   says   Paddy,  "for 1 came up-head first."  f ound."health:, by. Jising this good old-  fashioned root and herb remedy.  If there is anything-about which you  wou'd like special advice, write to the  kLydia E. J?inkbam Medicine Co., Lynn,  IMttss.' .'.i<.'.'������������������,'.."/   ���������:'  ' W.     N.     U.     1122  A Mistake    to Think That    Women  Are Capable of Hard Work  The Weekly Sun, which is published chiefly in the interest of Ontario  farmers and their wives, depiccatcs  thc employment of women in the  hard outdoor w'ork of the large  farms. The writer acknowledges  thai many country women do little  work in the open. For many of these  a shaie in lhe farm work v>ould be a  benefit.  In answer to an older contributor,  the writer says that though many of  the women among the early settlers  who took their share of farm work  and managed their homes and reared  llfcir children lived to a good old age,  many others broke down under the  strain, and died in what ought to  have been the prime of life.  There is much truth in_ this contention, lt is a mistake tb think that  women can ��������� beat as heavy burdens  and lift as great weights as men can.  The plow and lhe axe are not implements which women should be asked  to use.  On thc other hand, young women  can do much of the lighter work of  farm and garden with benefit to their  health. The wife and mother who  cares for her childien and keeps the  house -has little time for outdoor  work, however she may like it. If  the farmer were as gcncious about  piocuiiug for lis home labor-siving  machinery as he is about buying it  for his own occupations, .country  housekeepers, woiild have more leisure" than they'have, now. The old  idea that woman is a' helpmate for  ma'n is the true one. Rivalry, or'even  independence is not natural. Mtii  and women were meant to work together not only on the farm but in  business, in the church and in the  state. We should hot have _ needed  a war to prove that women's work  is the complement cf men's. When  it is over thcr.c. arc many who fear  that women will insist on occupying  the places in which they have found  cinplovnicnt, however arduous.  Where this is necessary, as in: the  case of those Who have disabled men  to support, the women will doubtless  claim thc right to earn high wages,  but- the maiorily of women will be  onlv too ciad to return to their  household duties. Oiic thing mav be  hoped, and that is that thcr.e.will be  fewer idle, useless lives. .Tens of  thousands of women 1 aye. learned  the happiness that comes of service.  '-���������Victoria Colonist.  German War Losses   ,  Casualty List to Date Said to Total  Over Four Million ,,  The New *York Evening Post recently received from George von  Skal, publicity representative 111 New  York of the German Government, a  protest against what he spoke of as  the exaggeration of* German losses in  the war, and an invitation to examine and, analyze' thc official reports,  which lie believed would show that  the actual casualties were much below the estimates made by British,  -French and United . States authorities.  The Post' accepted the invitation,  and after a careful investigation  comes to tlTe, conclusion that the estimates made by the Allies do not  overstate Germany's losses. The  method followed by The Post's statistician was simple. The German  official list of killed, wounded and  missing up to May 13 contains 12,482  pages. It probably included the bulk  of the losses up to -about a month  prior to the date of publication, although in many instances much more  than a month appears to have elapsed between the date of thc casualty  and the recording , of the victim's  name. * N  The Post stales than an analysis  of Mr. von.Skal's list showed that  the pages averaged about 275 names.  It was found that pages generally  contained from 140 to 370 names, arranged in three columns. , Very  rarely columns were ifound'with but  fifteen or twenty- names. Thc fair  avciagc of ten pages, taken at random, ..and representative - of all the  different lcngls, was 275. Multiplying 275 by the total of pages in thc  lists up lo a,nd including Mav 13, 12,-  482, gave a gross total of "3,432,550  names. Next, 1,074 separate casualties were singled out and analyzed.  It was found that corrections, which,  of course, meant duplications of  names previously printed, " amounted  to 6 per cent., but Of this 6 per cent,  one-half, or 3 per cent., of the gross  total were men previously reported  missing or wounded and now reported dead. In other words, but one-  half of thc coirectipns made indicated an actual saving in man-power.  Thc subtiaclion of the entire 6 per  cent.,- or 205,953 corrections,- from  the gross total of 3,432,550 casualties,  reduced the latter lo a net total of  3,226,597, 'which represents lhe minimum of losses lo be figured from  the  official German lists.   -  The dead, it* is estimated bv the  same process, numbered ,789,485.  while 274p04 set clow 1.1 as "missing,"  and cither killed or captured, biing  thc total loss, apart from the wastage among the wounded, to considerably over a^ million. The German  army has done more hard fighting  during the past three months on both  the eastern and western fronts than  in any previous six months of the  war. "It is reasonable to assume,  therefore, that -Germany's losses to  date in killed alone are over a million, and that her total losses in killed, wounded an'd missing have been  at least four millions, of whom perhaps two millions of slightly'wounded have iclurned to thc front after  rccovciy. A net loss'of two million  men who have been killed, captured,  or so severely wounded as lo be unfit for further service, lepresents  more than a fourth of the men of  military age in the German Empire.  That is a fearful pi ice to pay for the  mad ambitions of thc bureaucrats *of  Berlin.  German Women  Whip British Prisoners  His  f  ���������   /f, '!,������������������������?  ,ii   -fw.l  Gordon  of  Highlander,   Tells  Treatment  A Gordon  Highlander, wounded at  the Battle of Mons, described his experience Jiie other day as a prisoner  in the hands of the Germans.   It was  for the English "swine" that the enemy  reserved   their  special   cruellies.  "Eighty-one of us were taken to another place  to work.    When wc got  out  at "the   station   thc  German   women,   who   stood   at   thc  side   of  the  road, let the French and Belgian prisoners   pass,     but   they    slashed  long  whips into  lhe    eyes    of the British  prisoners.      A  Scaforth    -Highlander  had  one eye  taken  out  of his face."  While they were there typhus broke!  out,    and   sixteen    out of cighly-onc i  died.    Speaking of the way in which  lhe sufferers were neglected by their  captors,  the  speaker  said   that  some  of his comrades and himsclf'got hold  of pieces    of wood    and paper    and  made a  fire  with   thc  object  of supplying thc suffering soldiers with hot  water.  WKAI&  SOLD BY ATX GOOD SHOE DEALERS '  WORN BY EVIRr MEMBER OF THE FAMILY ���������  Minard's Liniment Cures Diphtheria.  Valuable   Information   Re Irrigation  _ Thc growing importance of irrigation in the agricultural 'development  of Canada is suggested by a new folder just issued by-the Department of  Natural Resources of the Canadian  Pacific Railway. The folder deals  with the irrigation enterprises in the  neighborhood of Calgary. It is handsomely illustrated and complete with  valuable information for the farmer  and home-builder. A copy may be  had free by writing the Publicity  Branch, Department of Natural  sources,  Calgary, Alberta.  'tl  Worms cause frelfulness and 'rob  the infant of sleep, the great nourishes Mother Graves' Worm. Exterminator will clear thc stomach  and intestines and restore healthful-  ness. 1  WATERPROOF COLLARS AND CUFFS .  Something better than linen and bis laundry  bills.     Wash ' it  with 'soap   and   water     AU  stores   or direct.     State  style and  size.     Foj '  25c we will mail yon. /  THE ARLINGTON COMPANY OF  CANADA, jLimiind  58 Fraser Ararat, Toronto. Ontario  "Wood's PiiespSiordiaB,-'  The   Great ~J3nglish  'licmcdy.   '  Tones and invigorates tho xrhofe.f-  nerVOU51 system, makes new Blood������-'  .- in   old  Veins,   Cures   Ifcrvous   "���������'���������  Deoilily, Mental and Brain Worrv.-JJespon- *'  dencu, T.oss of Energy, 'Palpitation' pf'.tha ,-;  Heart, Failing Memory.   Price 81 per bor, six-'  for $5.    Ono will please, six will cure.   Bold by all  druggists or mailed in plain pkg. on receipfc������of  '  Krice. A'rmpnmphlctmailedfree.fKKEWOOD X  liEDIClNE CO..T0B0HT0. OHT.' <F������raurh> Windsor.)  ���������0*1  ������HE NEW FtCNCH REMEDY.  THER&PION  Russia's Trade Future  Thc operating of 'an all-year-round  port in thc south through thc Bos-  pliorus and the Dardanelles . will  crea'te a revolution in Russian trade  and make Russia less dependent on  German}'. Hitherto Russia has suffered a sort of blockade for five  months of the year to thc great  benefit of Germany. After the war  there will ,bc new markets for Rus-.  sia, as Russia will become a manufacturing as well as an agiiculturai  counlrv.���������London   Chronicle. ,.      '  Ns1.N������2.M.a.-'  Used in French  _   _   ._ _   Hospitals with  f Ceil iUCCCSS, CUBES CHROMIC WEAKNESS. LOST VIOOi. ^  *   VIM   XIDIsy    BLADDER. DISEASES.  BLOOD   TOISOH.  Files   either no druggists or mail SI  post < CT������  POUGEKA Co  9S  BEEKMAV ST.NEW YOltKor LYMAN DR09  "  toronto write for free book to dr e.e clew  Med Co HaverstockRd.Hahpstkad, London. Bno.  *rvnewdragee(tastkless>rorl!o.t  easy to taks  'SAFE AND  LASTING CURS.  CEE THAT TRADE   MARKED WORD  'THERAPION* IS OK  SKIT. GOVT STAUr- AFflXED TO JILL GENUINE PACESTBV  111. Marv?  it'"  Surprising  Wilhelm  The -Biitish troops, previously despised by William, are now giving  his generals a sample of their  strength, before which, in thc long  run, the Bosches will have to 'turn  tail. Thc superior quality of the  British army has got the better of  all the Bosche- counter-attacks, and  thc magnificent success of the little  army, now grown big, has already  made the invader feel thc first effect  of a military force upon whose intervention he --had not reckoned. ���������  L'Homme  Enchainc,  Paris.  The Call To Help Society  BOOK   OX      ,  DOG DISEASES I  And How to Feed  Mailed free  to  an_r -'address  by  th9. Author "' .    7  H. CLAY GLOVER CO., Inc".  118 West 31st Street, New York I  (] / .  -   ���������-.V.-dl1'-  ������?i*^  "Why are    yon leaving  Haven't   T   treated  you  ri  "Oh.  yes,  ma'am.      I     have  treated   beautifully.       But   you  keep two-servants."  "Well,  what of that?      You  find  the work  hard, do  yon?"  "Oil, no, ma'am. But, you se'e,  always lived where there were four  servants, and that suits me better on  account of my fondness for bridge,  ma'am."���������Boston  Transcript.  been  only  don't  I've  A soldier whose head and face  were heavily swathed in bandages,  and who obviously had had a bad  time, was being feelingly sympathized with by thc solicitous lady.  "And were you wounded in the  head, my poor fellow?"  "No, ma'am," Tommy replied. "I  was wounded in the ankle, but thc  bandages   slipped."���������Answers.  PERSONALS.  Murphy was in . the "hospital and  had undergone an operation. As he  was rcco'y-jeping he remarked to the  patient on-his  right:  "I am thankful.that's over."  "Oh!" exclaimed the patient, "at  my operation the doctor left the scissors itiside 'and T had to undergo thc  same agaiii."-,     ��������� ....  The patient 6ii the left remarked  that at his operation the sponge had  beciv left and had to be gone over  again." 7   ;......  Just as they, had finished, talking  tlie..'do'.ctpr.'-appeared at the door and  asked:  "Has  anyone   seen  my  hat?"  It was then that Murphy fainted.  Well-known Women  Chatham, Ont.���������"I was sick for about  four years__^Gofc very weak, could not  eafc to  amount  to  ..���������anything.    I got  % very thin and had  l$.no,strength, at all.  I wa3 very  much  }jdiscouraged   at.  limes���������thought  I  j# was never going to  "'"���������get   better.    I  r. could   not  walk  a  block without feeing   all   tired-out.  I  took  different  medicines but did  not get the help I needed.    A friend of  mine advised me to try Dr. Pierce's Favorite  Prescription.    I  began  to  take.it  with thc 'Pleasant Pellets': and by thc  time I had taken two bottles I was well  on the road to recovery, and in six months  I was entirely well.    My appetite came  back and I gained in flesh.   Now I am as  strong and healthy as any one could wish  to be.    I owe it all to Dr. Pierce's medicines and I am glad of the opportunity  to  give testimony  in then- favor; they  have   done   wonders   for   me."���������Miss  Thelma. Parker, 141 E. King St. *  Chatham, Ont.���������"I have taken Dr.  Pierce's medicine with good results. I  was weak and run down, lost my appetite  and got very. thin. I took 'Favorite  Prescription' and 'Pleasant Pellets' and  these two medicines built me up in a very  short space of time-so that I felt as. well  as ever. I found them to be all that, it,  recommended of them; they are good."���������  Mas. Wm.'Weesb, Cor. Taylor.& Grand  Ave., E., Chatham, Ont.  Every woman who has backache", headache, low spirits, sleepless nights, owes.it  to herself to speedily overcome the trouble  before a breakdown causes prostration.  ^Dr. Pierce's Favorite' Prescription u  a- non-alcoholic remedy that any ailing  woman can safely .take beoause it is prepared from roota "and ^herbs,with pur������  glycerine, containing tonic property*.>.   .  President A. Lawrence Lowell in the  Yale Review  Never  have  I  been able  to  understand���������and    even    less  than  ever in  these tenible days, when young men,  on    whom    the    future    shone bright  with  hope,  sacrifice  from  a sense  of  duty their lives, the welfare of those  dearest to them, and everything they  care for���������less than ever can I understand     how     any man  can  stand  in  safety  on  a hillside  and  watch     the!  struggle   of  life   in   the   plain   below |  without longing lo take, part therein;;  how  he  can  see  thc  world  pass  by'  without   craving   to   make   his   mark,  however small, on his day and generation.     Many   a  man   who  would  be  eager to join  a  deadly charge if his  country   were   at-war,   lacks   thc   insight or imagination to perceive that  the  warfare  of  civilization' is  waged  not more  upon   the  battlefield     than  in  the workshop, at the desk, in the  laboratory and thc library.    Wc have  learned in this slicss of nations that  men   cannot  fight   without     ammunition  well    made    in    abundance; but  we do not sec that the crucial matter  in civilization is' thc preparedness  of  young   men   for   the    woik   of    thc  woild;  not only an ample supply  of  pattern, tempered and finished to flic  highest  point   of  perfection.    Is   this  the  ideal  of a  dreamer     that  cannot  or" is.  it   a  vision   which  will   sec   and   Uirn   to   a  The Lights  Of 65 Years Ago  Are still doing: duty ia  the shape of    1  Eddy's  *MHcMis>VmiM_ntfslMBHan -  Matches  Sixty - five years ago  the firstCauadian-made  Matches were made at  Hull by Eddy and  since that time, for  materials and striking  qualities, Eddy's have  been the acknowledged best.  When Buying Matches  Specify "EddyV  rk"  be ;rcalizcd;  young men  virile faith?,  He's a clever young fellow, is  Tompkins, but rather absent-minded.  On one occasion he was sent''by  his firm to transact some important  business with a client. Arriving at  thc town where the latter lived,  Tompkins'jja'uscd in--the. railway station and his face grew pale. Then he  rushed  to   the  telegraph  office.  A little later the head of thc firm  received   this   wire:  "Have forgotten name of client.  Please wire at  once."  To Tompkins, waiting impatiently  in the telegraph office, came this reply:  "Client's name Roberts, lour name  Tompkins." ���������    '  '    '  Japanese Superstitions  The Japanese have many curious  superstitions about animals, the chief  among which is, their belief in the  [supernatural power-of foxes. There  are numberless shrines, indeed," dedi- '  cated  to   foxes  in Japan.   --;'   >-���������'  The badger is another animal fear-  ed by the superstitious Japanese  mind. It is believed to have powei  to annoy people and to be able to  turn into a priest at will,  Thc crj'ing of weasels and the baying of dogs are considered evil  omens, and such insignificant happenings send a shudder over the believers.  In Japan a light-colored mouse in  the .house is a sign of happiness. If  a spider falls from the ceiling in the  morning, it brings pleasure, but if at  night, it is thought to be unlucky. To  see a centipede at night means happiness in Japan.���������New York Morning Telegraph.  The  hand���������  Man  Playing  Safe  : If I should ask for vour  Newspapers and Prophets.  There is hardly a day that does not  develop in some line of thought a  man or woman, generally young, who  has discovered that the inherited experience of the human race in its  social and political relations is..worthless. If the humdrum newspapers  which _ deal in their ignorant way  with life as -it is and has been, .were  to accept all these prophets at their  self-valuations this w-orld would, be  more of a bedlam than it is. ��������� New  York World. '   ��������� .   - :  The Maid: I would refuse.-  The Man: You positively would  not  marry  me? -7 ���������������������������������������������.  Thc Maid: .Under no circumstances whatever!  The Alan: Nothing that, might occur 'would cause you to change your  mind?   You are absolutely sure?'  The   Maid:  I   am  absolutely  sure.  The Man: Fine! Then w-e can have  the; time of our lives being engaged  this summer!  Assistant: Do the shoes fit,  madam ? ���������  Madam: Qh, yes, they fit me-perfectly; but. they hurt me terrible  when I try to walk.���������^-London Opin>  ion.' 7 ! "...--.  '���������������������������l'./'-'-'iV!!'-- *ta;rv  r  '^.>fvteffU\ >���������������* ^  ���������v>/l>.  -,....'-.' :y~, ,������"���������.  ..-���������  , ~ V.' I u  "t;:c* ���������*x>*-^ * i -*  THE     GAZETTE,     HEDLEY,     B.  '. i  ���������li  6oieman&6o.  ������ ������  "The Big Store"  General  Merchants  KEREMEOS, B. C.  SING LEE  Laundry, Contracting of all  . kinds, Ditch digging, Wood  Sawing, Clearing lana, Cooking and all kinds of Chinese  Labor.  Keremeos, B.C.  and  SimOkaraeen Advertiser.  Subscriptions in Advance  Per Year ?2.00  "   (United States)  2.50  Advertising Rates  Measurement, 12 lines to the inch.  Transient Advertisements���������not exceeding one  inch, $1.25 for one insertion, 23 cents for  each subsequent insertion. Over one inch.  12 cents per line for first insertion and 8  cents per line for each subsequent insertion.  , Transients payable in advance.  Contract Advertisements���������One inch per month  $1.25; over 1 inch and up to 4 inches, $1.00  per inch per month. To constant advertisers  taking larger space than four inches, on  application, rates will be given of reduced  charges, based on size of space and length  of time.  Certificate of ImprovementsT $10.00  , (Where more than one claim appears  in notice, $2.50 for. each additional  claim.)  Jas. W. Grier, Publisher.  Hedley, B. C. Oct. 19, 1916.  " He who does me once, shame on him;  He who does me twice, shame on me."  The New York Mining American says: Capital from the  United States will continue to  invest in British Columbia enterprises, in spite of the Liberal victory of September 14.  Foreign investment in mining  and other industrial enterprises  was made the issue of the late  campaign on' the part of the  Conservatives, and, judging by  - the results, the well-springs of  capital must immediately dry  up. It is one of the ironies of  politics that the predicted calamity seldom happens. " If it  . were actually true that outside  investors awaited .the result of  the British Columbia election,  it is likely that these investors  have alieady forgotten how  they were expected to conduct  themselves, and they will now  set about investing in British  Columbia mines and other enterprises, as though there had  been no election at all. This is  usually the way of it. At this  distance one does not need to  possess any feeling of bias with  respect to British Oolumbia  politics in order to express the  opinion that outside capital will  continue to receive encouraga-  ment from Liberals and Conservatives alike.  Painting Farm Implements.  The painting  of farm implements for their protection and  preservation has apparently received very little consideration  by   Canadian   farmers, if   one  may judge by the information  secm*ed by the commission on  conservation in the surven conducted on 100 farms on each of  four counties in Ontario. The  use of paint on both the metal  and wooden parts of machinery  gives a protecting cover against  deterioration by use and weathr  apart altogether from the general   improvement  in   appearance.    The   cost   of   prepared  paint for the  purpose is very  small,   and experience   in   the  work is unnecessary. The initial  -cost of-farm implements means  to the farmer a large outlay.  This investment should be pro  tected. Depreciation from rot  and rust is rapid, when once  these conditions are established,  for the actual money saving a������  well as for the more presperou-  appearance it gives to the farm  and farmer, the regular ovei  hauling and painting of the  farm implements should be a  recognized pai't of the year's  work.���������Conservation.  Nearly all the lawyers in one  of our neighboring towns are  now on the "sick list." They  may now properly be referred  to as belonging to the ill-legal  profession.���������Grand Forks Sun.  Potatoes���������See Wo Yuen, at  the Shelder ranch, has good  potatoes to sell at $20 a ton, or  $1.50 a sack. Catchum hep quick.  No stay long. Bym-by no  catchum.   Savey ?  This year 27 silver-lead mines  in the Slocan have shipped  12,000 tons of ore to the Trail  smeltery.  It is said the B. C. Copper  company's output of blister will  shortly be refined at Trail.  Fob Sale���������Nearly new, small  piano; perfect condition and  tone; price, $150 cash. Apply  Mrs. D. R , Hedley Gazette.  Intense heat-resisting power is the feature of the almost  imperishable fire-box linings of our own McClary semi-  steel fire-box made in eight pieces���������can't warp.  Mc���������Iary&  Trading 6o,  'Rgnge  The man who designed the Kootenay knew his job. I  know that and.that is why it carries my guarantee v.i v^U  as the makers'. i  Sold by Hedley Trading Co., Ltd.  Approximately $160,000 was  the amount of the September  payroll at Trail.  The Granby earnings netted  over $10,000 a month during the  past year.  MONTHLY REPORT  H<id!ey Patriotic Fund Committee  The Hedley Patriotic Funds  committee submit the following  report covering collections made  for the month of Aug. If your  name does not appear your  subscription has not. been received during the month. In  some cases subscriptions are  paid in advance and have previously been acknowledged. If  you are in arrears please hand  your subscription to the Treasurer. Collections made as per  list, month of Aug., $905.25. Of  this amount $157.75 was subscribed for the Hedley Enlisted  Men's Fund. , The balance,  $747.50, was subscribed for.the  Canadian Patriotic Fund.  Following will show the  amounts remitted to the Canadian Patriotic Fund:  October, 1914 $1001 75  January, 1916       597 00  -  February, 1916....      772 00  March, 1916.       752 75  April, 1916 \ ..      747 50  May, 1916 747 95  June, 1936       791 85  July, 1916       737 15  August, 1916       747 50  C. P.  $6895 45  Dallon,  Sec.-Treas.  We hereby certify that   we  have examined the books and  accounts of the Hedley Patriotic  Funds Committee and find the  above statement to be correct.  H. D. Barnes   \AudiJ.ort,  "   F. M. Gillespie/Audltors>  PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS, JUNE, 1916.  W. Sampson    $ 5.00  M. L. Gezon ...:    ' 5.00  Friend      8.00  B. W. Knowles ���������   5.00  Wm. Lonsdale     10.00  0. E. Prior      5.00  A. Clare    .     5.00  S.L.Smith,     ���������..���������    5.00  G. E. French,.,.,,,,..,.      3.50  John Smith ,,.,,,,,,,,,     4.50  P. Murray '.     g.00  P. G. Wright      4.00  O. A. Brown      4.50  V. Zackerson      4.00  H, E. Hanson      4.00  W. Mathew      4.00  R. S. Collin   J. W. Wirth   W. W. Corrigan   L. C. Rolls   Boyd '..   Millett......   F. Jones .,,,,   C. Porteous.,.,,,,.  .......  W. Wirtinen.....,,,,,,,,  S. C. Knowles ,,  E. H. Simpson   Henderson   T. Rainbow.   Knowles   Stevens   R. Chue  4.00  J. Hardman  4.00  T. E. Bun-us  4.00  M. McLeod  4.50  Geo. Walker '.... 3.75  R. L. Jones ,    3.50  A. F. Looiner  3.75  A.J.King :  4.00  A. Beam .".... 4.00  F. Bentley    ' 3.50  Ed. Hossack  3.50  A. V/. Harper :  3.50  J. Gaaie  3.50  J. Jamieson  4.00  W. Knowles  5.00  W. W. McDougall  3.50  J. Donnelly  3.75  T. L. Terry  3.50  Leo Brown  3.50  G. E. McClure  3.75  D. Curry    . 3.50  W. Robertson    - 3.75  Jos. Whyte  3.50  F. Decario  3.50  D. Henderson  3.50  R. Anderson  4.00  A. Appleton     "3.50  A. Ross  1.50  N. Stechishin  3.50  T. Bysouth :  4.00  L. Basso  3.50  J. R. Brown " 4.00  T.  H.  G.  G>  T. R. Willey....  J. G. Webster.,  5.00  4.50  4.50  3.75  3.75  3.75  5.00  4.50  4,50  4.00  4,00  4.00  4.50  5.00  4.75  .4.00  5,00  E. Berg '.      4.00  J. Coulthard       4.00  Joe DeGregerio .'.      4.00  J. Grieve    " 4.25  J. Galitzky      4.00  M. Gillis       4.25  R. Hambly      4.00  J. A. Holland       5.00  J. Hancock T.       4.00  J. Hossack       3.50  P. Johnson. .���������       4.00  S. Johns      5.00  P. R. Johnson      3.50  C. G. Johnson      4.00  L.  Johns       4.00  O. Lindgx-en       4.00  L. S. Morrison       5.50  H. H. Mt-ssinger      4.00  W. Mitchell      3.50  .G. Malm       4.00  J. Martin       4.0Q  A. Nicholson       2.00  K.O.Peterson      5.00  G. Pi-ideaux     10.00  Fred Pearce       3.50  A. Rawnsley ^      4.00  B. Rescore      '4.00  Geo. Random      4.00  W.Ray      4.00  C. Rause., -....     4.75  J. Roden ,      2.75  J. Snell      '4.00  Ole Scrcenes ,,     5,00  W. J. Stewait      '5.75  Swan Sweedling ,.     3.50  C. A. Selquist '.'..      3.50  Casper Steen       3.50  W. W. Savage       3.50  A. W. "Vance       4.75  J. Williamson       3.50  D. Werry      2.00  Fk. Wyberg      2,50  F C Chapman      3.50  F Carlson..      4.00  S Dogadin.. '...,,...    3.50  C E Eiicsori .'......     4.00  XV. T. Grieves      '4.00  A. Nyborg ..     3.50  W. Trezona       4.00  T Baird. :.      2.00  K Jackson ..".....      4,00  C  Olson      8.00  J Brown      3.50  J McCaulay. .'.      4.00  Joe Gerules      4.00  0 T Norman :      3.50  G R Allen        4.50  A Anderson      3.50  B Stillion      2.00  4.00  ,   2.00  3.50  3.50  4.00  1.75  . 2.00  ���������7 1.70  1.75  2.00  1.75  4.00  3.50  4.00  - 4.00  4.00  3.50  5.00  20.00  2.00  2.59  5.60  3.00  5.00|  C. P. Dalton  4.50  A.' T. Hot-swell  3.00  F, M. Gillespie  10.00  A. Winkler      5.00  J. Jackson :-  5.00  T. H. Rotherham  5.00  W, T. Butler  3.00  C. Barnum  '   1.00  G. McEaehren  5.00  Miss Roche ���������  < - 2.00  J.D. Brass  5.00  R. J. Edmond  3.00  F.H.French  5.00  W. A. McLean...  5.00  Jas. Stewart '  2.00  Miss L. Beale '.  1.00  John Maiihofer  " 5.00  MissE. Glare  2.00  James Clarke  ' 2.50  James Ctitchley "....'    1.00  The Daly-Reduction Co  200.00  R. J. Corrigan  4.00  G Lyon, July-August  10.00  FJLyon  3.00  AND  DR.ESS  Heflieu ������������������-Trafllflo 60. Ltd.  A. J. McGibbon.  Friend   Miss M Beale   E D Boeing   J Murdoch   2.50  5.00  2.00  5.00  1.00  J Thomas   A Amey   L Barlow   J gd wards...,.  Otto Johneon.  GLeaf...,.,,,,.  A Leslie ,  T D Morrison .  T. Olson   A Olson   F Peterson....  G Peterson....  WRuslr----  .  T E Rouse   W Snyder ,  W Wills   HEDLEY���������TOWN LI8T.  W. J. Cormack   J, K, JPynsev.   G. P, Jones. ,   Miss A McKinnon.    Rev R Williams....... .'...  W J Forbes...   G. A. Riddle..................  H. D. Barnes   Hedley Roll of Honor.  Pte. S. J. N. Edwards, killed in  action.  Pte Ebenezer W Vims; died in hospital.  L-Corp Blair Mills, killed iri action.  Pte. Arthur Coles .(Military Cross)  died of wounds.  Corpl W H Henderson, died from  wounds, . -  IN FRANCE AND BELGIUM.  T. Corrigan, 443847, (J Co, 54th batt.  R Corrigan, 443983, " "  W. Fulnier " " '  Frame {," "  J Howe, 443810,  Sig. section.  Sergt A W Jack, 4-13807  L-Curpl T C Knowles, 443849. scout  section     C   Co,   54th   batt.   B   E   F.  A P Martin,, 443919   "   "  Rod McDougall, 443852.  Bobby Robertson, 443961,       "  E J Rotherham, 443811 " sig s.  B A Shubert, 443850,  J Stapleton-  L-Corpl |[C  Christiannia, 43249, M G  sec, 15th batt, 3rd brigade, B E F.  ., J Corrigan, 75913, 29th bait, 0th brigade.  F J A Dollemore, No 2 Coy, 2nd Can  Engineers.  Dan Dollemore, same.  Arthur Freeman, 430237, 10th butt,  2nd brigade.  L-Corpl M H L Jacombs, 107338, 2nd  C'M R, B Squad, 2nd Djv.  L-Cojvpl W Liddicoat, 7th ������������ittT 2nd_  Brigade.  Corpl M J Meher, 443803, No IT C,  1st R C Engineers.  Sergt Win Tucker, 75920. M C See,  6th Infantry brigade, 2nd Can Div.  All the foregoing should be addressed  B. E. F., France.  IN ENGLAND.  Driver 0 Saunders, .43881, C Batt. D  Sub 156, Brigade Army P O, London,  wounded.  .  T Calvert, 99 Chart R D, Folkstone,  Kent, Army P O London.  Lieut A E Denman, R G A, Harwick  Essex, Eng.  Homer McLean, 707125, Trans sec,  103rd batt, Army P O, Loudon.  Wm McAlphine, 783488, No 1 Coy,  102nd batt, C E F, Army P O, London.  N Pickard, A Coy 11th C M R, C E  F, Army P O, London.  A B S Stanley, 532763, 13th Can.  Field Ambulance, Army P O, London.  IN CANADA.  W R Burrows, 688266, 172nd batt,  C E F, Vernon, B C.  Dan Devane, Edgewood, B .C.  J Donovan, 6th Field Engineers.  L.Oorpl W R Rescorl, 931408* 225th  batt, D Coy, Vernon.  J Casy, [6th Field Engineers, Val  cartler, P Q. -  DOMICILE NOT KN^fylN.  J Stapleton.  Go Boxall.  HEDLEY GAZETTE  JOB  .WHEN YOU ARE IN NEED OF  Letterheads  Billheads  Envelopes  Statements  Meal Tickets  Milk Tickets  Ball Programs  Posters  Dodgers, Dates (  Circulars  Invitations  Business Cards  Bills of Fare  Memo Heads  Butter Wrappers  Visiting Cards  TRY US ��������� WE GIVE SATISFACTION  J. BEflli  PAINTING  PAPER-HANGING  KALS0MINING  TERMS .MODERATE  DflLy AVE.   -  MEDLEY, B.C.  mmmasummmam  Pied Bivpk. -  J Ritchie.  J McClintock..  J T N Bepprr,  The secretary Hedley Patriot ie  Funds committee wjlj he .gjad to-letii'n  of the missing addresses or to nitike  correction of any errors or omissieus.  Tiie Nickel Plate  BafDe������_$iiop :  SATISFACTORY, SANITARY  TONSORIAL SERVICE  This shop it equipped with  Baths and all the latest  Electrical  Appliances.  W. T. BUTLER, - Prop.  NOTICE.  DR. J. L. MASTERS  DENTIST.    "  OFFICE IN COVERT BLOCK.  Oroville, Wash  NOTICE.  Liquor Act, ������91(_.  ^fltico js herpfoy given that,'on the first dtj  of December next, application will be made -S  the Superintendent b! Provincial Police f$t t\  n������Wftt of the hotel liconco to sell l{q_uqr" bfl  retftl! in thg prejijises jk'ngwH tia fhp CJflIdc|  (MP lfptel,.sjtiiate at;]?a{ry{pw jnthQPrpv'inef  of British Cpluiubja. .^MUNRO','  Dated this 7th day of Qotobop, lj>l6t _  NOTICE.  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice is hereby given that, on the  first day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel  licence to sell liquor by retail in the  hotel known as the Keremeos Hotel,  situate in Keremeos. in the Province of  British Columbia.    (Mrs) A. F. Kirby.  Dated this Sth day of October, 1916.  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice is hereby given, that, on th������j  first day of December next, appllcatioj  will be made to the Superintendent oS  Provincial Police for renewal of the hotej  licence to sell liquor by.retail in tluft  hotel known as the Grand Union hotel!  situate in Hedley.7 in the" Province of!  British Columbia.      Anton Winkler  Dated this 5th day of October, 1916.  NOTICE.  GO   YEARS  EXPERIENCE  NOTICE.  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice is hereby given that, on the first  day of December next, application will be  made to the Superintendent of Provincial  Police for renewal of- the hotel licence to  sell liquor by retail in the hotel known as  the Alexandra Hotel, situate in Okanagan Falls, in the Province of British  Columbia. Arnott & Hine.  Dated this 6th day-of October, 1916.  Trade Marks*  Designs  Copyrights &c  Anyone sending a sketch and description mat  -���������-<-���������- ascertain 0nr opinion free whether an  Invention Is p-obnbly patentable.  Commonlciv  tlonsBtrlcUj. conadontlal.jlANDBOOK on Patents  lent free. Oldest agency for securing di  Patents taken through Mann & Co.  tpecial notice, without charge, in the  atonts.  receive  Liquor Act, 1910.  Notice is hereby given that, on the first}  day of December next, application will1  be made to the Superintendent of Pro v!n-,  cial Pnlice for renewal of the hotel licence!  to sell liquor by retail in the hotel known/  as the Central Hotel, situate at Keremeos j  Center in the Province of British Coluin-  ^��������� t^SLIfi Hy-rpH|i?0S.  Dated thig 5th t}fiy Of pctgbierj'"i������W  A handsomely illustrated weekly. Largest olr-  enlatlon of miy sclentlQc Journal. Terrcn, $3 a  year: four months, (51. Sold by all newsdealers.' ���������  MUNN & Co.ae,Brcad������ay' Wew Vork  Branoh Office. <rat> w St. Washington- D. C.  NOTICE.  v     Liquor Act,  1910.   .  Notice is hereby given that, on the/  first day of December next, application  will be made to the Superintendent of  Provincial Police for renewal of the hotel,  licence to 'sell liquor by retail in the  hotelknown as the Great Northern hotel,  situate in Hedley, in the .Province of  British Columbia.      :    John Jackson.  Dateel this 5th_day of October, 1916.

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